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The Miner

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 w  /  ,l^**"M*nS������ft.'  O^  4  ^"���������*���������*>tfL"  Assart  Only Paper  .Printed in tlie  Kootenay lake Milt-  ins districts.  For Kates  of Subscription and  Advertising;  See 'Fourth'Page.'  tfUMBEK 9.  KELSON,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATURDAY,  AUGUST   16,  1890.  M A TEAK.  TEX ..STAMPS     I������ROPPIiY������    Otf    >$40'    CiOtD'    ORE.  A good 2-footed walker can cover the distance  between Nelson and the 10-stamp mill on Eagle  creek in just 1 hour and 25 minutes, the distance  being reckoned at 6 miles.    There is nothing:particularly noticeable' at the mill  different from  what is seen at like mills scattered throughout  the precious metal districts of North America,  '...."more:'than"the-, building is of logs and the machinery operated by a power  that costs practically nothing to run.     The machinery is from  the old P. W. Gates iron-works of Chicago, and  consists  of 2  batteries of 5 stamps each, automatic  feeders, a rock  crusher, and 4 Triumph  vahners; the   whole  operated by 60 inches of  water forced by a 200-foot pressure through an  11-inch pipe and an l#-inch nozzle against a 4-  foot  Pelton .wheel.     That  and  nothing  more.  The battery-f ram e is as good a, piece of millwright  work as could be done in any country, and the  ���������machinery-all- runs smoothly and'without-, jar.  The water supply comes from Eagle creek, reinforced   by a   ditch   tapping the headwaters of  Sandy creek.    This  summer an  abundance  of  water runs through Eagle creek alone, and that  from  Sandy, though turned in, is not needed.  The mill was started up this spring on ore from  the Poorman, and it is  estimated that 1500 tons  have been  run through, the product being several bars of gold bullion and 35 to 40 tons of sulphurets that run from $40 to $90 a ton in gold,  At present, owing toworking only the oxidized  ore from near the surface, the vanners are not  runn in g, the managem en t consid ering it a savin g  to dispose with the services of the vanner attendant during the run, as practically there are no  sulphurets ��������� to save.    The mill is, therefore, operated by 2 men, at a cost of less than $10 a day.  Within a month, it is stated, the mill will  be  run full time until*'closed down late in the fall.  The necessary preparations are now being made.  At the  Poorman  mine, ore is being stoped and  the south drift extended.    At noon on Tuesday  a shot exposed  bunches of milky quartz near  the floor of the drift, and it was thought the  ledge was not far distant,  it having "slipped"  out of sight about 30 feet back.  The ledge is uncovered on the surface for a distance of over 600  feet and tested to a depth of 125.    It varies in  width from 1 to 4 feet, the gangue being White  quartz  carrying free gold; and sulphurets, the  latter predominating as depth is attained.    A  tunnel will soon be commenced, to the north of  the present workings.    It is expected to tap the  ledge at a depth of 300 feet in running a distance  of 450 to 500 feet.     The work will be done with  Burleigh drills run by a Pelton wheel, the water  being taken from the ditch that supplies the  'mill.  Doubts are expressed as to the permanency  of the ledge; but, then, doubts are expressed as  "to the existence of a Supreme Being. The man  that can prove the existence of the one can, no  doubt, tell the width of the other at a depth of  several hundred feet without the aid of shafts  or diamond drills. There is no doubt about one  thing, and that is, the mine and "mill are favorably located for easy and cheap working.  At present 25 men are employed in the mine  and mill under the superintendence' of D. B.  Huntley and foremanship of W. H. Jackson.  A. L. Davenport, one of the owners, is on the  ground, and is the assayer and business manager. The mill was built by A. F. McKay, who  need not be ashamed to refer to his work.  The Eagle Creek Gold Mining Company is unobtrusive, yet it is doing more to prove the  merit of Toad Mountain as a mining district  than any other company in it.  A  Showing Worth Several Thousand  dollars.  A brisk walk for a couple of hours over the  government, trail from Nelson to Sproat will  take the sight-seer, or the capitalist, to the  dump of the Royal Canadian, a claim that looks  as if it could be turned into a mine by proper effort, backed up by a few dollars in ready cash.  The ledge has been exposed, practically, for a  distance of 300 feet by 2 tunnels, the one in 75  feet and the other 65. The tunnels are along  the ledge for a distance of over 100 feet, and  show a well-defined vein fully 3 feet,.wide in  both faces. The formation is grey syenite; the  gangue, white quartz carrying free gold and  sulphurets. About 65 tons of ore taken out in  running the 2 tunnels is on the dumps, its highest assay value running all the way: from $70  for the sulphurets to $700 for the oxidized free  milling. uThe property, is very much like the  Poorman, a '.mile to the east, and is own eel by  Simon Roy and Aldric Dalpy.  MINING    ANI>    OTHER   -3WEWS    FKOJW , ������iOIJ������ExV.   A  Mining developments in the McMurdo district  are being pushed with the usual amount of energy, and everything looks promising for speedy  returns. G. McGabe is working 3 shifts on a  tunnel near the "cache" on the .middle fork of  the Spilimichene, the work being intended to  prove up Carbonate <mountain'.    Bert Lowe was  around killing goats and doing assessment work  on the Carbonate lately. The last time seen he  was humming "Wait till the clouds roll by,  Jennie," which is a good omen. The owners of  the Lost Chief, on Copper creek, have not  showed up this season; but 'tis likely they'll  visit the ground before Christinas���������if it is still  in their possession. ��������� On the South Fork, the  Wells-Aylmer company are preparing to ship  ore. They have 4 men at work.' quarrying out  $300 galena from the surface, where they claim  to have 50 tons in sight. These bright prospects add a bright and airy feeling to Pollock,  Fred Wells's partner, which he generally assimilates with the "flour while mixing sour-dough  bread.  Golden is full of the rush and bustle of summer improvement and goatitivness. T0he Kootenay house is having a new wing and an extra  story added. The work is carried on under the  critical management of "Keno Jack," who demonstrates some difficult problems in whist  whilst not engaged sawing rafters.  Sacks filled with ore begin to line the banks  of the Columbia, which puts a wealthy metalliferous appearance to the banks of that otherwise unproductive stream. The smelter is rapidly near in g completion; some unavoidable de-'  lay in receiving brick and other supplies has  lengthened the time of construction, but it will  soon be in readiness to receive and reduce the  crude ores of the district. Peter Sehastien, as  usual, poses as a strong supporter of the government. Neil L. Morrison.  Golden, August 4th.  BIigI������-������ra������le  ���������������l������e Galena in tiae ToMghi&ut.  The Toughnut is looked upon as the king pin  of the claims on the western end of the Toad  Mountain mineral zone. Ths ledge is nearly  vertical and varies in width from 4 to 6 feet.  Work on the shaft was resumed about two  weeks ago, and already encouraging reports are  heard from the men. The ore taken out of the  shaft last summer, and also that taken from the  tunnel, carries a good deal of zinc, along with  galena, and copper. The ore now found at  the bottom of the shaft is changing to a high-  grade cube galena, which, from several blowpipe assays made this week, is said to run pretty  high in silver. This property is owned by men  who have ample means to develop it if these  encouraging reports only continue and prove  true. _____ __   Pretty  <ioo<l  Rock from  the Grimly.  Assessment work is being done on the Grizzly  by the Frys, the original locators, they paying  no attention to the parties wrho re-located it this  spring. The Grizzly is the eastern extension of  the American Flag, one of the Hall claims. The  ledge is easily traceable and the ore resembles  that from the great Silver King. An assay  made this week from a fair average sample of  the ore on the dump gave a return of $79.20 in  silver.  'HOT,   SPRINGS   MINING   NEWS   ASSAYED.'  "Jap" King   and   Ben  Anderson  have  been  prospecting near the  south end  of Kootenay  lake, and have located 2 claims 3 miles northeast  of f he ������������������.mouth of Goat river.    They are said to be  good showings.    .. '.������������������;���������!;'    ..    For several years  past rich float galena has been found on the  mountain slopes to the east of Pirate bay, behind cape Horn, but a ledge could never be uncovered.     Recently   messrs.   Kane,   Matheson,  Stevensoiij  and ���������Cameron'.have   made several  locations in that neighborhood, and they claim  they did not make them on "float."    .v-   ..     . .  The depth of soil covering the district between  the Skyline and the Fourth renders prospecting  laborious and'difficult; but dr. LaBau, Joe Petty,  and others^have a camp at the Union, and will  make an' effort to prove the correctness of the  theory, that the Skyline and Fourth are on the  same ledge.    .".       a   ..    Little doubt now exists  of the:'great value of the Fourth, as they have  by open cross-cuts   proved   its continuity  for  a distance of nearly 600  feet.    . .     . .    ..-.���������.. Before leaving for Spokane Falls, John C. Davenport arranged witn^^H. Northey to begin work.  on the Little Donald.    A pump is to be placed  on the property.    . .    '. .     ..    George C. Howe,  general  manager of the Pacific  Bullion  company, is negotiating for one of the most promising claims in the district, the sale to be .on a  spot cash basis.    .-.-'���������   .'.     ..    Bedrock has not  yet been reached on  the Thor, an extension of  the  Skyline, although A. S. Beebe expects to  strike    it   before   he    quits.      Granite    boulders     continue    to    be    met   with.    ......  Reports from the United are that it is showing  up larger'aucK better at the end of each day, ana  the boys on the ground state confidently that it  alone wall furnish sufficient ore to keep the Revelstoke smelter running.    ..     ..     .'.    Work on  the    Arkansaw   is   progressing,   but   retarded  somewhat by the flow of water.    In fact, but  fewr claims in the district can be worked to any  depth'without the aid of machinery to handle  the water.    ..     ..     ..    The output of ore still  continues at Hendryx's Blue Bell at Galena  Bay. ..;���������' .. . . On the whole, there is but little going on here outside of prospecting and doing assessment work. Everyone is waiting for  the completion of the -'wagon'.' road, so that machinery canjbe placed on the claims owned by  men of means. Once the machinery starts up,  things will liven up and the boys will be employed. .    .       .���������'��������� " ���������'  Encouraging Reports  from  Trail ���������rcel������.  - If the Trail creek excitement keeps a-growing,  Nelson will soon be as "dead" as Revelstoke or  Sproat or Colville.    On Thursctay mr. and mrs.  ' Hamia and their 4 children, E. S. Topping, M.  A. McDougal, J. H. Hope, John Buchanan, and  others left the rustle and bustle of this camp for  the noisy whirl of life at the camp on the headwaters of Trail, Sheep, and Stony creeks.    On  Tuesday R. E. Lemon   came in from the  new  camp, and reports about 40 men scattered among  the hills over there, all of them being from this  section. There is a good i-estauran tat the mouth  of the creek, some 8 miles from the mines, and  no lack of supplies.    Mr. .Lemon'brought in a  sample-of ore from the Josie, one of his claims;  also a sample from the Center Star, a claim belonging   to  Joe   Rourgois.     The ore  from   the  Center Star is  iron and antimony and assayed  $13.80 in gold, $2.38 in silver, and  1.27 per cent  copper.     The  ore from   the  Josie   was  copper  pyrites and oxide of iron, and went $79 in gold,  $9.48  in   silver,   and  10  per  cent  copper.     On  Thursday William Perdue and William Springer  came in  to have their rock tested by assayer  Ellis.    Mr. Perdue must have been satisfied with  the returns, for he left on foot late Friday afternoon for the scene of he and his partner's (Ed  Stewart) operations at the head of Sheep creek.  Mr. Springer is yet in town.   Mr. Lemon is having a ton  or two from the Josie sacked for immediate  shipment to the  Revelstoke  smelter,  and will also send a few sacks to the sampling-  works at Spokane Falls.  W  <���������. _   r- THE  MIEBRi   NELSON,  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  AU&UST 16,  1890.  THE   MINEKA1   ACT   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  Last week The Mineb printed Part I of the  mining law, which relates to the powers of gold  commissioners and the jurisdiction of county  courts in mining cases. Below will be found  , Part II, which defines who can be free miners  and fixes their privileges. The remaining Parts  will be printed from week to week until the  entire act appears.  '���������   PART II. "' ���������; " '-������������������  FREE  MINERS AND  THEIR PRIVILEGES.  . Who may be a gl       Every perSOll OVCl% but not 1111-  free miner.      ���������   ���������������������������-,-' ��������� .     , J   r & i      -n A  der, sixteen years or age shall be en-  entitled to hold a claim. Minors, who  unrderm'a^eS to shall become free millers, shall, as i*e-  aduitseat^d as 8ai:'ds their mining property and liabilities, contracted in connection  therewith, be treated as of full age.  1884, c. 10, s. 15. '  This section adds no liability to an inf an t free miner who  has no mining property. ���������' 0  32. Upon payment of the sums  hereinafter mentioned, any such person shall be entitled to a free miner's  certificate signed by a gold commissioner or mining recorder, and. in the  Miner's certifi  cate.   A  following form:  Form of certificate.  BRITISH  COLUMBIA.  FREE MINER S  CERTIFICATE.  NOT TRANSFERABLE.  Date ���������  Valid for  No.  year   only. D  This is to certify that  of ������������������ has paid me this day the  sum of  and is entitled  Incorporated  companies may  be tree miners.  ��������� ''���������'���������'." to all the rights and privileges :  : of a free miner, for���������- year :  : from the date hereof. "���������'.;.  , :      (Signature   of   gold   commis- ������������������":  : sioner, assistant gold commis- :  .'sioner, or mining recorder, as :  :  the case may be).  For the .privileges given by this certificate see section 37  and notes. <  33.    Any    company    incorporated  under any law in force in this province relating to joint stock companies  shall be entitled to all the rights and  privileges of a free miner, upon taking   out   a   free   miner's   certificate.  1884, c. 10, s. 17.  Throughout the. act an incorporated company is treated  as one free miner.   Having* only the rights of one and only  the liabilities of one.   The shareholders of such company  need not be free miners.   See section 130.   Such company  can only hold, by preemption, one claim on the same lode.  See section 80.   This principle is not applied to partnerships.   Members of a firm of free miners must each take  out a cei'tificate.   Section 35.   Only one person shall be  named in the certificate.  Certificate to  be granted and  records made  to be incorporate name.  34.  Certificate  granted     may  be  tor one  or  years.  Lost certificate  The free miner's certificate to  be granted   to a company shall  be  issued in its  incorporate name, and  every .............. record of mining  interests or other mining property  held by the company, and every  transfer and record thereof, shall be  given or made in the corporate name  of the company.    1884, c. 10, s. 18.  35. A free miner's certificate-may  be granted for one year, or three  years, from the date thereof, upon  the payment therefor of five dollars  for one year, and fifteen dollars for  three years. A certificate shall not  be transferable, and only one person  shall be named therein. 1884, c. 10,  s. 18.  36. If any such certificate be acci-  dently destroyed or lost, the owner  thereof may, on payment of two dollars and fifty cents, have a true copy  of it, signed by a g-old commissioner  or mining recorder. Every such copy  shall be marked "substituted certificate," and unless some irregularity be  shown in respect thereof, every original or substituted free miner's certificate shall be evidence of all matters  therein contained.    1884, c. 10, s. 21.  Rig-lit to enter  and mine  crown lands.  Cutting- timber  for mining-purposes.  Compensation  to  prior occu-  panrs.  37. Every free miner shall, during  the continuance of his certificate, but  not longer, have the right to enter  and mine upon any waste lands of the  crown, not for the time being lawfully  occupied by any other person. And  may, also during the continuance of  his certificate, enter Upon any crown  lands, or lands covered by timber  leases, to cut timber for mining purposes. 1884, c. 10, s. 22; 18S8, c. 34,  s. 13. ' i "  This section gives the free miner license "to enter and  mine upon any waste lands of the crown not for the time  being lawfully occupied by any other person." There is no  license given by this act, or any other, to enter lands lawfully occupied for other than mining purposes except lands  covered by timber leases, which last ma3r be entered under  the authority given in this section to cut timber for mining purposes but for no other purpose.  Section 38 of this act and sections 95 and 96 of the land  act seem to imply that such a right to enter lands occupied  for other than mining purposes exist, but no where is such  rightgiven.  Crown grants under the land act contain the following  proviso: "Provided, also, that it shall at all times be lawful  for us, our heirs, and successors, or for any person or persons, acting under our or their authority, to enter into and  upon any part of the said lands, and to raise and get thereout any gold or silver ore which may be thereupon, or  thereunder situate, and to use'and enjoj- any and every  part of the same land, and of the easements and privileges  thereto belonging, for the purpose of raising and getting  and every other purpose connected therewith, paying in  respect of such raising, getting, and use reasonable compensation." ������������������'���������'"  The right of entry is reserved "for any person or persons  acting under our or this authority."  The only thing necessary, therefore, is to give this authority to free miners by extending the powers given under section 37 to all lands, but as to lands lawfully occupied subject to the amount of compensation to be paid to  the previous occupier, having been first accertained and  paid.        0  38. In the event of such entry being ..made upon lands already lawfully  occupied for other than mining purposes previously to entry, full compensation shall be 'made to the occupant or owner for any loss or damages he-may sustain by reason of any  such entry, such compensation to be  determined by the court having jurisdiction in mining disputes, with or  without a- jury of not less than five.  1884, c. 10, s. 23,  Is the jury required by this section to be made up of free  miners as required by section 6 in cases of assessing damages?  The court to determine the amount of compensation according to this section is the mining court, which, of  course, in most cases, is the county court of the district.  See sections 5, 6, 7, and 8 to determine which is the mining  court in your district.  The above section is in contradiction to the provisions of  the land act.   See land act, section 95.  "Nothing herein contained shall exclude free miners from  entering upon any land in this province and searching for  and working minerals; provided that such free miner,  prior to so doing, shall give full satisfaction or adequate  security to the satisfaction of the commissioner, to the pre-  emptor or tenant, in fee simple for any loss or damage he  may sustain by reason thereof." -    ��������� '.  This refers to the land commissioner. See interpretation  clause, of land act.  "If the amount of compensation (if any) cannot be agreed  upon, the stipendary magistrate or gold commissioner of  the district wherein the land lies, with the assistance, if  desired by either party, of a jury of five persons to be summoned by him, shall decide the amount thereof and such  decision and award shall be final. If there be no such stipendary magistrate or gold commissioner in the said district, the supreme court shall have jurisdiction in the  matter."  The mineral and land acts, therefore, oppose each other  on this subject in the following particulars:  1. The mineral act leaves the assessment of the amount  of compensation to "the court having jurisdiction in mining disputes." This court is generally the county court of  the district, which court has, if a mining court, exclusive  jurisdiction. See section 7. The court ma3r be a gold commissioner's court or the supreme court, but can never be a  stipendary magistrate's court. The land act on the contrary leaves such assessment to "the stipendary magistrate  or gold commissioner of the district," or, "if there be no  such stipendiary magistrate or gold commissioner in the  Mining-    interests, etc., only  acquired by  free miners.-.  said district, the supreme court shall have jurisdiction in  the matter."  2. The mineral act, section 6, seeing that the object is to  assess damage, requires that the jury be composed of free  miners. Under the land act "a jury of five persons" is all  that is required. ��������� ���������;.  3. From the mining court in proceedings under the mineral act there is the right to appeal as in all other cases.  Under the land act on the contrary "such decision and  award shall be final."  i. Tlie land act provides for* security being given to the  satisfaction of the (land) commfssioner before entry in certain cases.   There is no such provision in the mineral act.  89. No person shall be recognized  as having any right or interest in or  to any mining claim, mineral claim,  or any minerals therein, or in or to  . any;mining ditch, unless he shall be,  Or in case of disputed ownership, unless be shall have been at the time of  tlie dispute arising, a free miner.  :���������'���������>���������"    "''    1884, c. 10, s.;24.   ���������        a a;-    r ���������,,'  This section must be read subject to section'130 as to  shareholders in incorporated companies.  The words "or in case of disputed ownership unless he  shall have been at the time of the dispute arising a free  miner" appear to modify.the principle that none but free  miners can have any interest in a mining claim. On a  miner's license expiring it would appear that a spark of  legal right remains in him, and on his taking out a new  license, and, subject to no dispute as to ownership having  arisen in the meantime, all his former rights and interests  revest in him. /  Section 10 has been repealed and a section substituted by  1889, chapter 16, section 2, which reads as follows:  "Every person engaged in mining for minerals, other  than coal, shall take out a free miner's certificate, and any  person who mines or works for wages, as a miner, in any  mining claim or mineral claim, or in any bed-rock flume,  bed-rock drain or ditch, without having taken out and obtained such license shall, on conviction thereof in a" summary way, forfeit and pay a penalty not exceeding $25. besides costs."  "It should be observed that'the repeal of section 40, in the,  original act, restores the right of action for wages, hot-  withstanding the claimant may not be a free miner. The  penalty for not taking out a license is the fine and not the  forfeiture of the right to recover wages as was formerly  the ca.se.   This seems an improvement.      '  See section 169 as to collecting amounts due for license.  BOOT AND SHOE SHOP  ��������� NELSON, B. C.  I am now prepared to make to order boots and shoes of  all kinds, at as reasonable rates as they can be made for in  this part of the country; also,  IRIEIE'.i^IEIRIlSr C3-  neatly and substantially done, and all orders promptly  attended to. The patronage of the public is respectfully  solicited.  ���������.���������:e_"W"- iec-A-iriris..'  PIONEER   BARBER  SHOP.  Shaving, Hair Cutting, Shampooing.  91  Vernon Street (next door to Lakeview House),  NELSON, B. C.  Baker Street, near Josephine,  All Work  Turned  Out Promptly  and in First-Class Siyle.   None l������ut White  Help Employed.  .A-ILXOS   FOSTEE,   3VC_A.lSr^^.C3-DEK,_  John Houston. Charles H. Ink.  W. Gesner Allan (a Notary Public).  Houston, Ink & Allan.  Will purchase and sell mining claims and town lots;  collect rents; write bills of sale, bonds, agreements, mortgages, deeds, certificates of incorporation; etc, etc.  Aid in procuring crown deeds for lands, Nelson town  lots, and mineral claims.  Office in The Miner building, Baker Street, Nelson.  i  i  m  FffgdiS':/? THE  MINES:   NELSON,  B.  C.,   SATUEDAY,  AUGUST 16,  1890.  Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc,   Miners' Supplies a Specialty,  The stock is fall and complete in every Department, and tie public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  ;"-"'::".���������' ���������'���������.   and compare Prices.  am Street, Kb V hLb I v&h.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON,  establishment of a postoffice there, if lie did not  intend establishing the office; and if he honestly  intended establishing the office, why has it not  been established weeks ago ?  "Everything that sir John McDonald?; has  "touched relating to the west has turned out  "bad," says the Montreal Herald. Sir John  must of "touched" postoffice inspector Fletcher  real hard, for he has turned out very bad as a  wide-awake progressive official.  A  turge Gro.up of" PvomisiiigA (Claims.'  About 2| miles southeast of Nelson is a group  of claims owned principally by dr. D. LaBau, T.  C. Collins, Charles  Ewing, and N. K. Noon in  partnership.    The first locations were made in  July, 1888, the claims then taken up being named  the Umatilla and Uncle Sam.    The ore body on  these locations  is traceable for a considerable  distance, and varies in'width from 2 to 4 feet.  Professor   Dawson   pronounces  the formation  diabase.    A shaft has been sunk 40 feet on the  Uncle Sam, and but a few feet distant from the  south end line of the Umatilla.    It is in,pre all  the way down, the  character of the ore being  chiefly galena, carrying silver and gold.    This  spring  one of the owners had  a fair  average  sample of the ore assayed, which gave a return  of .40 ounces in silver. To the north of the Umatilla, about half a mile, is "the Lizzie C ledge,  running southeast to northwest. The vein" is  fully 8 feet wide, and is believed to be a contact  one; the hanging wall being diabase and the  other undetermined, but is of a talc-slate character. The ore is galena, the gangue being quartz  and diorite. An average sample, taken from  the bottom of the 38-foot shaft by one of the  owners, assayed $41 in silver. The ore from  these 3 claims could be concentrated and would-  be useful in fluxing higher grade ores.    Work is  ���������&  &j  now being prosecuted on the Lizzie C by a tunnel, started about 300 feet down the slope from  the shaft, which is expected to tap the vein at a  depth of over 100 feet.  To the southeast of the Lizzie C is the Yorkshire, owned by J. E. Walsh. On this claim the  ledge is traceable for a considerable distance,  but so far only the assessment work has been  done on it. To the north of the Lizzie C and the  Yorkshire is the Wild Rover, owned by A. E.  Atherton. Butting up against the east side line  of the Wild Rover is the Scarborough and  Jewess side by side, owned by J. E. Walsh and  M. S. Davys. Both show galena in place.  Lying sideways against the east end lines of the  Scarborough and Jewess is the Navajo, owned  by amr. Hoover. Butting up against the east  side line'of the Navajo is the Texas Steer, a location made a short time ago by T. C. Collins and  Charles H. Ink. An assay made from a selected  piece of galena from the croppings of this claim  gave a return of 28 ounces in silver and 69 per  cent lead.  To the southeast of the Uncle Sam is the Airlie  and Fair view, running nearly north and south.  On the latter 2 open cuts have been made, which  expose an 8-foot ledge of carbonate ore in quartz  and dolomite. The ore carries considerable  silver and a little gold. The Fairview is owned  by messrs. LaBau, Collins, Ewing* and Noon;  the Airlie, on which little work has been done,  is now owned by H. Selous, its locator, and T.  C. Collins.  The claims in this group are accessible, being  from 1200 to 2000 feet above the Kootenay river,  and close to both Cottonwood Smith creek and  its east fork, the water of the latter being easily  available for operating a concentrator.  Send''Samples to Spofcane Falls.  No better way of bringing the mineral resources of the Kootenay Lake district to the  notice of men with money can be found than by  sending samples of the different ores of our  camps to the Spokane Falls exposition, to be  held in October. These specimens should be selected with great care, and have their assay  value attached, so that prospective-investors  can, at a glance, see the character and grade of  the ores of the country. The railroad companies  have agreed to carry all samples free of charge,  and any specimens sent to The Miner office  will be forwarded promptly.  ���������Will'"foe. Completed'toy November.  If the Canadian Paeific does not get a move,  its greatest rival, the Northern Pacific, will be  at   the   navigable   waters   of   Kootenay  river  ahead of it.   The Spokane Spokesman of the  10th states that "cross-sectioning the Kootenay  branch of the Northern Pacific is progressing  rapidly, and the engineers will soon have completed their task sufficiently to permit the graders to begin work. The road will run in almost  a direct line north from Kootenay station to  Bonner's Ferry. The distance is about 30 miles,  and the road will be completed by November."  ARRIVAL   AND  -DfiPAltTIJKK   OF   MAILS.  Mail arrives at 5 o'clock P. M. Tuesday and departs at  7:30 A.M. Wednesday. Letters for registry must be handed  in 30 minutes before departure of mail.  Nelson, July 24th, 1890.        J. A. GILKER, postmaster.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   TIMBER   LEASES  Require to be published  nine weeks in a newspaper other than the British  Columbia Gazette: their publication in THE MINER will cost  the applicant FIFTY-FIVE CENTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to lease the following described tracts of  land, situate in West Kootenay district, for timber  purposes:  1. Commencing at a post situated about one-half mile  northwest of the northerly end of Crawford's bay, at the  southwest corner of Gr. O. Buchanan's timber limit on the  east side of Kootenay lake, thence west 80 chains ; thence  north 80 chains; thence east chains; thence south 80 chains  to initial post; containing 640 acres more or less.  2. Commencing at a post situated at the southeast corner  of the above described tract of land, thence east 80 chains;  thence south 30 chains; thence west 80 chains ; thence  north 30 chains to initial post; containing 240 acres more  or less. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD,  Per Geo. T. Kane.  Kootenay Lake, B. C, August 11th, 1890.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TW0-ST0KY HOTEL IE NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE   IS  NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited;  THE SAMPLE-BOOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  DEALERS  IN  GENTS5  FURNISHINGS,  BOOTS AND SHOES,  Fancy and toilet goods, patent medicines, fruits, tobaccos,  cigars, stationery, etc.  Postoffiee Store, Nelson, B. 0.  is running full time. Plenty logs ! Plenty lumber!   Plenty  shingles!   Get your buildings erected and finished while  the weather is fine.   Low prices!   Prompt delivery!  Nelson, August loth. G. 0. BUCHANAN. THE MI^^ B.   0.,  SATUEDAY,  AUGUST 16,  1890.  THE   CIKOHMAN   RECLAMATION   SCHEME.  i  Ii  11  I  i  To the Editor of The Miner: I am obliged to you for  ��������� drawing public attention in the way you have done to the  reclamation undertaking by which I propose to prevent  the heavy overflow of the extensive flats between the  Kootenay lake and the boundary line, which now renders  these otherwise valuable tracts practically useless; for, as  I propose to carry through to a successful finish a scheme  which 3 competent engineers have declared to be a feasible  one, I would rather receive the credit of having accomplished the seemingly impossible than to be credited only  for succeeding in what engineers really consider a coiii-  momplace problem.  There are one or two inaccuracies in your article which  you will perhaps allow me to correct. In the first, place no  lapse of our contract with the government has taken place  "in consequence of non-compliance with the terms thereof;"  and consequently no extension of time has been either required or granted. When you say that the canal my company built in upper Kootenay is about as useful as a railway to the moon, I would simply say that the government,  in the person of the late commissioner of lands and works,  obliged us to build the canal or abandon the whole scheme.  But so far from its being a useless work it would prove today to be the important factor in the development of that  part of the country, which the honorable mr. Smithe  always expected it would be, had the Dominion government carried out their engagements as faithfully as we  have done ours, and had improved the Columbia river from  Golden up to the canal so as to allow small steam craft to  reach this new channel into the Kootenay river. But for  this not unimportant fact your strictures would have been  quite in place.  t {Respecting the interference of our works with the navigation of the west arm of the Kootenay lake, I would have  suggested that a little enquiry on the part of the writer  would have shown him that the Dominion government  have taken proper care that our works shall not interfere  with navigation on any part of the Kootenay river. If you  - will read enclosed copy of the order of the privy council,  (which you are at liberty to publish if you like) passed 25th  August, 1886, you will see that the Dominion government  gave me permission to widen the outlet in such a manner  as will not lower the Kootenay river at any season of the  year or at any point of its course below the low water level  at present in existence, which *'1111s the bill" so far as we  are concerned, and I should say, also, so far as any unprejudiced resident of West Kootenay is concerned.  Looking at my reclamation scheme from "the useful to  the poor settler" kind of standpoint the writer tried to  occupy when he wrote about the "grave injustice" of our  concession, I would like to remind him of the circumstance, that in the very same issue of The Miner, you sav  that "the fight is on" between my company and the Canadian Pacific for these very lands. Now although this is,  the first I hear of such a strife, let us, for the sake of argument, take your version to be true. If the C. P. R^ were to  i^-et this land they would pay nothing for it, nor would they  oe obliged to expend a cent in the reclamation of it, while,  on the other hand, we have to pay the government over  $47,000 in hard cash for the land and have probably to expend an even larger amount on the contemplated reclamation works. Now by which fate would the country at  iarge be most benefitted?  Where a "grave injustice" can possibly come in about a  scheme that has for its sole object the turning of now useless swamp lands, which no one ever dreamt of taking up  before I arrived upon the scene, into useful agricultural  tracts, I must leave keener minds than mine to answer;  but no doubt you have a very good explanation for this  conundrum, and I hope one that is satisfactory to tbose of  your readers who would like a more ample supply of vegetables than can now be raised on the rock-bound shores of  Kootenay lake. After refuting the more important issues  of your criticism, it would be only a waste of your valuable space to dwell upon the insiduously misleading manner  in which local details, such as the rise and volume of  water, etc., have been used to serve the writer's inimical  purpose. Our engineer's reports conclusively dispose of  them. Just to show the value of the criticism brought to  bear upon the scheme, let me ask the writer whether he  iias ever heard of dyking such flats against overflow? Apparently he has not, for he does not take that possibility  into consideration at all when declaring it to be an impractical scheme.  In conclusion you will perhaps permit me to point out  shat if the community your paper very creditably represents is desirous of attracting English capital to come to its  assistance in the development of the rich resources of  Kootenay, this end will not be furthered if those who  would follow in the steps of my company, who are by long  odds the pioneers in this district, observe to what unjustified criticism capitalists, bent upon a scheme which is generally acknowledged to be a useful one to the whole country at large in more ways than one, are exposed. I still  think that the people of Nelson and the other camps on the  lake will be the last to kick against the reclamation of the  onljr available large tract of clear bottom land which,  when reclaimed, is capable of supplying them with all the  farm produce they can possibly need, free of duty, and to  which lands I may here add they will always be welcomed  as settlers and that on easv terms.  W. A. BAILLIE-GROHMAN.  Victoria, August 1st, 1890.  In reference to the above, The Miner simply  asks mr. Grohrnan to answer the following  questions, space for doing so being accorded  him in its columns:  1. Give the names of the 3 competent engineers who have declared the reclamation scheme  at Canal Flat in upper Kootenay a practical one,  and if practical how many acres of overflowed  land the canal has reclaimed?  2. If a partner in the reclamation scheme,  in "what way has the Dominion government violated the stipulations of the articles of copartnership?  3. If the outlet of Kootenay river is widened  at the rapids below Nelson, what depth of water  "narrows"  will there be over the rapids at the  above Nelson; or is it the intention of. the reclamation company to prosecute work at the  same time at both points?  4. Does the reclamation company expect to  complete the work by expending $47,000 in addition to the sum already expended at Canal  Flat, or is the Canal Flat expenditure included  in the $47,000?    a '  5. Would not $470,000 be nearer the amount  needed to make the reclamation scheme on the  lower Kooteiiay a success, and if that amount  is not beyond the means of the reclamation company of which mr. Grohrnan is manager?  6. In attracting the attention of capitalists to  new fields Of enterprise, which is the better  policy for people to pursue : Stand in with the  promoters of wild-cat schemes whose acts are  not above suspicion, or aid enterprises based  on merit whose promoters are not afraid of  criticism?  Mr. Grohrnan in answering the above questions, can also accompany his communication  with the report he made as manager to the  directors of his company in London last winter.  That report in cold type would be of more interest to the readers of The Miner than the  certified order of the privy council which accompanied the above letter. That /report goes  far to prove that mr. Grohrnan is doing much  besides "reclaiming" the overflowed lands on the  '.lower Kootenay*: he is twisting a rope of sand,  on one end of which is attached alluring dividends that the stockholders of the Kootenay  Valleys Company, Limited, will never get hold  of to expend in "pioneering" other districts.  SunBinering in tlie Selkirk's.  This modern Utopia of the credulous pilgrim  is  once more alive with the licensed tourists  who   subsist   on   bannocks   and   expectations.  Every stream has its course and source mapped  out by camp fires of the versatile miner, where  he toasts his shins, fries his bacon, cultivates the  mind, and revels in all the wild and unshackled  freedom of "what is home without a landlord."  What a season of enjoyment to stand upon a  projecting reef and  inhale  the   pure and  un-'.  tainted ozone, far away from the turmoil and  petty grievances of life, the poisoned sneer of the  sarcastic bartender, or the metalliferous gall of  the tinhorn gambler; let the gentle zephyrs of  glacial purity roam through the tangled depths  of our healthy spring-born whiskers, or playfully  caress a frolicing lock which meanders from under the hat-brim and insists on varying the expression of scenic grandeur; what an optical  banquet is here spread out before the hungry  vision. The deep gloomy glens of the Scottish  highlands, the sylvan glades of Wales, and the  jagged snow wreathed Alpine peaks are blended  together with all the intricacy and fascination  of the unstemmed and delusive raisin in boarding  house fruit cake. And what recreation! Surrounded by primeval solitude, free from the  stirring mandates of unreasonable tax gatherers  or oily verbosity of the infernal book agent,  blessed with the freedom of the buccaneer and  half the liberty of the untutored savage; enough  of the modes of modern civilization to keep the  strong minded from degenerating into a state of  barbarity, and the balance that bravado life  which is fast becoming the rage in Europe  through the peregrinations of Buffalo Bill's  Wild West Show. Then, underneath we are  told lie countless ingots of the precious metals  like grapes ready for picking, and still we will  not pick, but whine, like suspects under the  Russian lash, against paying a privilege fee of  $5 per annum, and $2.50 to have our expectations put on file, or $2.50 as a guarantee we have  expended so much labor in telescoping hills,  with the grand prospective future in store for  us of becoming monied kings through the help  of the coming monopoly at a minimum charge  of only 5 percent on these riches. Oh I the ingratitude of miners to let mistaken legislation  bar the road to success. But avant! the summer is fast approaching an end and so is the last  slab o������ bacon. Neil L. Morrison.  Golden, August 4th.  ..a  EAST   BAKER    STREJET.  A. J. MARKS, C. VAN   NESS,  PROPRIETORS.  LARGEST HOTEL IN  NELSON  AFFORDS   SPLENDID   VIEWS  OF   BOTH   "���������  TOAD MOUNTAIN AND KOOTENAY RIVER  Best brands of liquors and cigars always in stock.   The  table furnished AAdth the best in the^market.  ���������eo. E. B, Ellis, F.GL.  Menal>er of Society of Chemical Industry;  -Author of "2*ractical Organic Analysis,"' of  "TJkc'Iroii  Ores of the World," Etc.; Etc.  Expert   in   the   "Bluebird"   Mining;   Suit.  INirSiG   EXPERT   AMD   CHEMIST  NELSON,  B.-C.  REVISED   ASSAY   CHARGES.  Silver, Gold or Lead ..................'.................. $1 50  Copper.  2 50  Silver and Lead......................................... 2 00  Silver, Gold and Lead.. . 3 00  Silver and Copper.  A.  3 00  Silver, Gold and Copper  4 00  Silver and Gold.. a :..'.'.:  2 00  Three samples for Silver or for Lead....   3 50  Mineral properties managed arid reported upon.   Interests of non-residents attended to.  Horse-Shoeing a Specialty  AH kinds of Jobbing and, Repairing' Executed  Neatly and Promptly.  Ward Street, opp. Government Office, Nelson.  (Late partner of John McVicker's, Salt Lake City)  Mining Engineer, and Provincial and U. S. Surveyor.  AGENT FOR   HAND'S  FIREWORKS.  Masonic Temple Block, Vancouver, B. C.  KATES FOR ASSAYING.  Silver, Lead, or Gold.. .$2 00  Zinc or Arsenic  5 00  Copper, Silver and Gold. $2 50  Silver or Gold bullion.. 3 00  Silver and Lead or Silver and Gold    2 00  Iron, Lime, Silica or Manganese.     5 00  Sealed sample for Lead, Silver and Gold...     4 00  Sealed sample for Copper, Silver and Gold    5 00  Lead bullion, for Silver and Gold    2 00  Assays from Kootenay district promptly attended to.  Makes reports on and surveys and maps of mines. Thirty  years experience; speaks 10 languages.   Terms, cash.  ZESrOTIOIE-        ~~"  All claims against the Nelson City Improvement Company, Nelson City Townsite, or Pilot Bay Saw Mill Company, properly vouched, must be forwarded at once to the  undersigned. No claim will be allowed after sixty (60)  days. JOSHUA DAVIES.  Victoria, B. C, June 30th, 1890.  m  raw  t- v. -   Ji 1  I  1   ii ���������*        ii THE  MINEE:   NELSON,   B.. 0.,  SATUEDAY,  AUGUST 16,  1890.  AND  WILL   CONTRACT   FOR  THE   ERECTION   OF   ANY   SIZE  WOOD   BUILDING.  iTI  furnished and bills for material made.  attended to promptly  Shop on Baker Street, between Hail and Hendryx.  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  ���������;-ICELS������,NJ B.'C.     ''���������'"!'���������.  SODERBERG..&  JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain a,nd river.  THE   ROOMS  THE  TABLE  are comfortable in size and       is  acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  TIBIIS AB^IRa  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker'& Sons'  celebrated brands..  a  The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  Corner of "Vernon and Ward Streets,  NELSOX, B, ���������.  JOHNSON   &  PROPRIETORS.  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  .AMENDMENTS   TO   THE   MINERAL   ACT.  [All matter printed under this head is communicated by men known to be  interested in the mining- industry, either as prospectors, miners, or mine owners.  Its publication in THE MINER does not necessarily make the views expressed  those of The Miner]. ___  a  'THE CIRCUMLOCUTION  OFFICE.  ������>  The difficulties imposed on applicants for  crown grants for mineral claims by the land  office in ^Victoria can only be appreciated by  those who have vainly endeavored for.months,  to do so, many applications for such having now  been in that office for nearly a year "without being issued, all the necessary papers required by  law, though filed in due time, may remain there  shelved for such a length of time, and should  the applicant apply for information respecting  them they (as has occurred in many instances)  are returned, to him with a notice stating that  some insignificant particular is not strictly correct, such as a copy of the notice posted on the  claim* or application for crown grant was not  filed���������a matter which certainly is not required  by law, and proof of the posting being by affidavit of the applicant, which they have in the  office���������and surely if any of the papers so filed  are irregular, should it not be the duty of the  chief commissioner to notify the applicant immediately of the fact, so that errors may be rectified and unnecessary delay avoided.  Another obstacle which is thrown in the way  of applications is: A, the owner of a mineral  claim, may apply for a crown grant of it; before  its issuance, he sells it to B, who wishes the proceedings in the premises carried out. A writes  to the chief commissioner, notifies him of the  transfer and a request to issue the crown grant  of the claim to JB. B, however, is not allowed  by the chief commissioner to carry out the commenced proceedings, but must commence all  the proceedings de novo. Surely an assignment  by the vendor of any claim of all rights to the  commenced proceedings, and the continuance  by the purchaser of those proceedings, should  be sufficient grounds for the chief commissioner  to issue the crown grant to the purchaser.  In any case the most outrageous delays which  occur after the filing of the necessary documents are intolerable, and surely must be  caused by the officials charged with carrying  out the law in that respect. Sixty days are required for publication of notice. One would  think 10 days after that time would be ample  for the filing of the .final proof of posted notice  and the issuance of the crown grant.  Some of the papers filed for that purpose (in  manuscript) have been returned, requiring that  the printed forms should be used. In many  places no printed forms can be obtained���������and  the printed forms are not correctly executed,  being headed "Mineral Act, 1884, section 68,"  sub-section a, b, or c, as the case may be. Section 68 of the Mineral Act does not apply in any  way to the case, section 80 being the one acted  under for obtaining crown grants to'mineral  claims. Possibly, should the chief commissioner  find out that these forms -were so wrongly  headed, all crown grants issued through them  will be cancelled, and we shall all begin over  again and have a fresh start.  The printed forms furnished for sub-section d  have a blank space sufficient for about 3 lines, a  note on the-margin of which states for the applicant to fill in setting out his title to the claim  (a matter not required by the act) an abstract  alone of the title to many claims would require  a whole page���������and if such is required should it  not be certified to as correct by the mining recorder?  All that is required by us is that the "officials  transacting business with the public should be  as prompt and attentive as any businessman  should be in all transactions and not endeavor  to cover their neglect and forgetfulness by a  mere pretence of discovering some slight error  or irregularity not affecting the legality of  papers filed or the proceedings relating to the  matter in question.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  For'MINERAL  CLAIMS require to be published nine weeks in a newspaper other than the British Columbia Gazette; their publication in THE  Miner will cost the applicant FIFTY-FIVE CENTS a line.  Notice is hereby given that the Pacific Bullion Mining  Company, by their agent, Henry Anderson, has filed with  me, under the provisions of the Mineral Act, an application  for a crown grant to their claim "Spokane," situate about  one half mile west of the Hot Springs, Kootenay lake, B. C.  Adverse claims, if any, are required to send in their objections to me within 60 days from date hereof.  GEO. C. TUNSTALL,  Assistant commissioner of lands and works.  Hot Springs, B. C, July 6th, 1890.  BUILDER;  Will Contract for the Erection of  Stores, Dwellings, Wharves,  Mills, Bridges, Etc.  on hand, with which" to manufacture Store  -..'���������Fittings, Tables, Desks, Etc.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  isr^iiLiSJonsr^ :b_ o.  NELSON and SPEOAT.  Will contract to deliver fresh meat at any mine in the  district.   Orders from lake points promptly filled.  running between Nelson and Sproat, and between Nelson  and adjacent mines.   Will contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine in  the district.  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination.  CORRAL AMD STABLING  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle animals can be  hired and job wagons engaged.  KELSON OPHGE AND MARKET:  O. 1! EAST BAKER STREET  Steam Navigation Co., Ltd.  ER   LYTTO  LEAVES    REVELSTOKE  on Mondays and Thursdays at 4 a. m.  LEAVES   SPKOAT   FOR   LITTLE   DALLES -  on Tuesdays and Fridays at 4 a. m.; returning the same  day to Sproat.  LEAVES   SPROAT   FOR   REVELSTOKE  on Wednesdays and Saturdays at 3 a. m.  Revelstoke, August 9th.  J. A. MARA, Manager.  Corner East Baker and Ward Streets, Nelson,  MADDEN BROTHERS,  PROPRIETORS.  This hotel is new and centrally located; the rooms are  large and well furnished ; and the bar stocked with  good liquors and cigars. THE  MINEE:   NELSON,  B.  G.,  SATUEDAY,  AUGUST 16,  1890.  ' r  m  \  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will, be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months $2.50, one year $4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of $3 an inch (down the column) per month.   A  <      special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Reading or Local Notices 25 cents a line each  insertion.   Contracts made.  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given; if  weight is not given $1. will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from $1 to $10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good style at fair rates.   Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept,  in stock. A -a, ..'.-  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration. A  -  Address all Letters: The Miner, Nelson, B; C,  (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added if mailed in the  United States.)   Authorized Agents : Henry Anderson, Ainsworth;  James Delaney and James Gibson, Spokane Falls;  J. H. Matheson, Donald; Sam Woods, Westminster;  F. B. Wells, Revelstoke; Harry Hebert, Sproat; Linton  Brothers, Calgary; Robert Jamieson, Victoria.  While the people of this section are looking  anxiously for the  beginning of work  on the  Northern Pacific branch from Kootenay station  to Bonner's Ferry, so  that they will have an  outlet independent of the Canadian Pacific, a  road whose management is said to be all that is  grasping and mean, it is well to read the following opinion of the Northern Pacific management, reprinted from the Butte Inter-Mountain  of the 10th :���������   ' 'J. J. Hill, president of the Great  "Northern railroad system,  and C. A. Broad-  " water, president of the Montana Central, are  " in the  city today,  viewing with pride and  "hope the biggest freight center between St.  "Paul and  the  coast.     Additional interest is  " given to president Hill's visit by the fact that  he has just begun the extension westward to  the coast of the Great Northern from a point-  north of Great Falls, where 3000 men will soon  " be at work.     This does not by any means sig-  " nify the abandonment of the Montana Central  "as a through route.    We believe it will be ex-  " tended to Anaconda forthwith, thence to Mis-  " soula, through the Cceur d'Alene country to a  " connection with some coast line near Spokane  "Falls.    This will give  mr. Hill the greatest  " railroad system in the west, and cut off North-  " ern Pacific business on both sides through the  " entire mineral belt.   The Oakes octopus would  " thus be between two fires and would have to  " depend on  through traffic for a distance of  " 600 miles.    No man in Montana will regret to  "see the Northern Pacific thus hemmed in.    It  has forfeited every right to public sympathy  or patronage.     It secured its right-of-way by  promises it has dishonored, it has dodged its  "taxes,   cinched  the people for   every   dollar  " their business would stand, sought to make  " political slaves of its employees, attempted to  steal 2,000,(XX) acres of mineral land, ignored  and injured Butte in every possible way, and  " been a curse instead of a blessing to the state.  " The people would like to see Hill parallel the  "Northern  Pacific on both   sides,  and  that's  " just what he is going to do."  a  a  a  a  a  ti  a  a  The Miner is not a supporter of the Robson  government, yet it will at all times give mr.  Robson due credit for executive acts that result-  in good to a majority of the people of the province. While acting in this spirit of fairness, it  will not hesitate in using the cudgel of reform  in rapping mr. Robson over the knuckles when  he is g-uilty of an act that is certainly unfair.  As an instance:   A num ber of clai m-own ers in  the Toad Mountain and Hot Springs mining districts are applying for crown grants for their  claims.    In doing so publication in a newspaper,  other than the Official Gazette, is required.   The  publication fee is paid by the claim-owner, and  he naturally desires to have the notice appear  in a newspaper which he reads, and which, in a  great measure, is printed to aid the industry in  which he is engaged.    But this undoubted right  is denied him.    The gold commissioner of the  district is by law directed to cause the publication to be made in any newspaper he sees fit,  notwithstanding  the wishes of the applicant.  In this district the gold, commissioner, a gentleman who stands high in the estimation of our  people, decided that all crown grant applications  from   the   mining   camps   on   Kootenay   lake  should, unless otherwise ordered, be printed in  The Miner; and those from the camps in the  northern end of W^est Kootenay  should go to  ibthe Kootenay Star at Revelstoke.    This equitable arrangement did not suit the management  of the Star, and they appealed to  the government���������so it is stated���������to cause all such notices  to appear in the Star, as it was entitled to them  on account of its being a government organ.    It  is  generally understood  that   such   order has  been   made;   therefore,   niine-oWiners,   you  ca,n  readily see why you are compelled to contribute  to the support of a newspaper that is generally  supposed to advocate no measure that conflicts  with the private interests of mr. Mara and mr.  Mcintosh, 2 enterprising gentlemen who reside  in Yale district.   The Miner can probably pull through without government patronage; possibly the Star  can not. A newspaper repudiated by the people  among whom it is printed is hardly worth sustaining by public monies, for its influence is not  worth the price paid.  Count Tolstoi's book "Kreutzer Sonata" cannot be sent through the United States mails because it is pronounced "indecent" by assistant-  postmaster-general Hazen. Count Tolstoi is  Russia's foremost novelist, and the book must  be very bad if it is more indecent than Zola's  "Nana" or Ouida's " Moths" or Fox's "Police  Gazette," privileged publications in the United  States.   Over 7000 men are employed at Butte, Montana (including those employed at the Anaconda  smelter), and they draw over $700,000 a month  in wages. Within 5 years fully that number of  men will be employed in the mines and smelters  in the Kootenay Lake country, and there is no  good reason why they should not draw as large  a sum in wages monthly.  The ordering of troops to Wellington to overawe the locked-out coal miners is another  evidence that the force power of the  government is always used on the side of the  rich as against the poor. No meaner crew of  coal barons live in America than the sons of the  late Robert Dunsmuir, and evidently they have  little trouble in finding servile magistrates to do  their bidding. Under the law, 3 magistrates  can call on the commanding officer of the provincial militia for troops, and the commander  has no discretion in the matter but to order  militia to the scene of the supposed trouble. In  the case at Wellington, there is no question but  the calling out of the troops was for a double  purpose: The Dunsmuirs hoped that a display  of force would cause the weak-kneed of the  miners (and there are always a large percentage  of men in all labor organizations whose back  bones are not very stiff) to return to work on  the old terms; or, that the presence of the troops  would cause the more hot-headed men to commit an overt act, and by their doing so, lose the  sympathy of the people of Nanaimo and the  province. The result has not been as expected,  for none of the loclted-oiit men have returned to  work and no one of them committed a breach  of the peace; and instead of changing public-  sen timent, it has only caused public sentiment  to run stronger in favor of the miners.  It is strange that in all these troubles between  capital and labor that the armed power of the  government is never brought to bear to compel  or coerce the former to come to terms with the  latter; on the contrary, the militia is  always  called out ostensibly for the protection of property, but in reality to overawe the laboring element into submissiveness.   In Texas, in 1876, the  Texas & Pacific Railway Company had trouble  with its employes over the adjustment of a scale  of wages and in regard to back pay.    The men  would not submit to the exactions of the company and quietly and orderly quit work.    The  representatives of the  company at once telegraphed the governor of the state for troops to  protect the railway property���������which was in no  danger.    The reply sent was:    "Pay your men  fair  wages   and   you   will   not   need   troops."  Within 24 hours  the difficulties  between the  men and the company were adjusted and trains  moving over the entire line.   If the action taken  by that Texas governor had been followed by  the 3 magistrates at Nanaimo, the chances are  the coal-mines at Wellington would today be in  full blast. ������     ____  It is an open question whether the law placing the power of calling out troops in the hands  of 3 magistrates is a prudent one. The power  should alone be vested in the responsible government of a province, not that the change  would often result in different action being  taken, but that more discretion and judgment  would be used in ordering such extreme measures. In-all communities largely made up of  dependents oh corporations like the Canadian  Pacific and mine barons like the Dunsmuirs the  magistrates are, 9 times in 10, but tools, only too  willing to do the bidding of their employers.  Ths Toronto Empire says the position of Canada has been eminently just, courteous, and  patriotic, and that of Great Britain firm, fair,  and vigilant in the Behring Sea controversy;  while the actions of the United States have been  aggressive, bombastic, and petulant. The Empire is mistaken. The only "aggressive, bombastic, and petulant" acts committed over the  Behring Sea difficulty were committed by the  seal proachers and Chinese smugglers who have  their headquarters at Victoria B. C.  The people at Ainsworth in the Hot Springs  district complain bitterly because of their neglect by the Dominion postal authorities. They  claim that no other town of the same population  and importance in Canada is without a post-  office. Yet, their complaints are unheeded by  postoffice inspector Fletcher of Victoria, and  the Victoria papers apparently do not know  that such a place as Ainsworth is in British  Columbia.    Will postoffice inspector Fletcher of Victoria  rise up and explain why he induced aiady resident at the custom-house on the boundary line  south of Kootenay lake to promise that she  would act as postmistress at that place, on the THE  MINEE: JfELSO^,  B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  AUGUST  16,   1890.  Natural Wool Underwear  Cant oil Elannel Underwear  Merino Underwear  Balbriggan Underwear ,  Cotton Underwear  All -Wool Underwear  m  > o  ^ o  g- o  CD     O  r---.PLi  U2  ^.rr  NO. '15 EAST BAKElt  STREET, NELSON.  xlinsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, OlotBiiig, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from ������6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished 'through-'  o out. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  MAIISI STREET, REVELSTOKE, B. C.-'  lain  irKnp,  KEVEtSTOKE, B5. ���������.  LA  GBAtflTEWAEE AND  LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware Made to Order,  First-class work guaranted.   Particular attention paid  to mail orders from  mining camps.  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C  DRUGS,  PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually.kept'in first-class  drug stores.  GSGARS    AT; WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  DKUGGISTS.  Prescriptions carefully ���������compounded,, from pure drugs, by  a graduate in pharmacy.   A full line of patent medicines and toilet articles carried.  (Only Bering Store In 'Lower liooteu sty.)   SPBSOAT, Ii. ���������.  Plans, and  Specifications Furnished Free.  For the present, address all inquiries to Albert Barrett,  at the Nelson Meat Market, 11 East Baker  street, Nelson, B.C.  PLASTEBER.  Will bo at NELSON on or about August 10th.   All work  promptly and satisfactorily executed.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained  for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  CREAM .OF THE WORLD'S NEWS.  Last week at Regina, in the Northwest Territories, over  $9000 changed hands on a race between Little Dan, a Dakota horse, and Grey Eagle, a Moosejaw horse; distance,  half a mile, 3 in 5, the winner taking 3 straight heats. The  owner of Little Dan acknowledged his horse was pulled.  Harvesting operations are novv under way On the farms  lately operated by sir John Lester Kaye in the Northwest  Territories. The crops on the Balgonie, Namaka^Bantry,  and Langdon farms could scarcely be better.  A change has been made in the passenger runs on tlie  Western division of the Canadian Pacific. Heretofore  conductors ran east from Medicine Hat to Swift Current  and west to Donald; now they will run west to Banff' and  east to Mooseiaw.  A hail-storm swept through a portion of Manitoba  with disastrous effect on crops. At Deloraine its swath  was from 3 to eight miles wide, in other sections less. The  crops are almost totally destroj7ed over an estimated area  of 70,000 acres. , <  The railway men of Wales, having found that there is no  hope of the companies yielding to their demands, decided  to enter in earnest'upon the long threatened strike. Wednesday of last week was the time fixed for the beginning of  the struggle which promises to be bitter and prolonged."..  William Gray, wanted at Hurley, Wisconsin, for stealing'  $3000 while employed as baggagemaster on a, railway running out of that town, was arrested at Donald last week  by order of the Winnipeg police.    He had $2000 in his possession when arrested. c \\\. ������  Paul Giffardiof St. Etienne, France, has invented a gun  that uses neither fulminate nor gunpowder, not even the  "smokeless powder." These are replaced by a single drop  of a volatile liquid, which falling behind the' projectile discharges it. The detonation is something like that, of the  j uncorking of a champagne bottle���������a short, sharp pop, and  nothing more.  The contract for the extension of Jim Hill's Great Northern railroad from Fort Assiniboine, Montana, to the  summit of the Rocky Mountains has been awarded to  Shepard, Seinies & Co., the work to commence by the 20th.  A big poker game was recently played at St. Simonds  Island, a Georgia watering place. A jack pot was made  which resulted in one player finding.3 queens in his hand,  and another a pair of jacks, a ten, a nine, and a"seven of  diamonds, one of the jacks also being a diamond. The  other players threw up their hands. The man with the  pair of jacks split the pair and drew the eight of diamonds. The man with 3 queens drew the other queen.  The bets ranged from $1000 to $30,000, and the man with  the straight flush won $43,000.  The latest from Panama is that lieutenant Wyse's engineers are pushing on their preparations for an early resumption of work on the canal. After careful examination the yjlant is reported in very good condition.  The steamer Glenogile made the trip from Yokohama,  Japan, to New York in 54 days, beating the record by a  day. She was on a race with the steamer Monmouthshire. ������������������    a ''������������������������������������ "  Sarah Aletha Terry had her case against the Sharon  estate retired in the superior court at San Francisco last  week by judge Shatter. He decided that the so-called marriage contract was a forgery, and that she never had been  married to Sharon and had no claim on his estate.  G. W. Hunt of Walla Walla, Washington, is building  single-handed more miles of railway than any other man  in the United States. His lines radiate from Walla Walla  in all directions, and he is now extending his system to  Portland and tOLGray's Harbor on the Pacific.  Two new claimants have come to light in addition to the  army already after the millions of the late A. J. Davis of  Butte, Montana. These are mrs. A. J. Davis and her son  Eugene J. Davis of East Saginaw, Michigan. Mrs. Davis  claims to be the legitimate wife of the deceased, and. says  she was deserted by him 36 years ago in Iowa. Eugene is  now 38 years old, and lives in East Saginaw.  Recent rains have swelled the Santa Cruz river at  Tucson, Arizona, to a stream a mile and a half wide, causing great damage to the market gardeners and small  'ranchers.'.'  William Jenkins shot and killed William Daly near  Culth river, Washington, on the Sth, and also put 4 bullets  into the body of B.enjaniin Shaw, which may cause his  death. Jenkins delivered himself to the authorities at  Colville.  Mrs. Clara Allan, the wife of a Robert E. Allan, a soldier  in the Fourth infantry,, committed suicide by jumping  from a rocky bluff into the lake at Coeur-d'Alene City,  Idaho, on the 8th. Allan, after being but 4 months married,  deserted her for a courtesan. The deceased was the  daughter of a well-to-do rancher in Idaho.  A dispatch dated Fairhaven, Washington, August 11th,  says a contract'was let on the 9th for laying track 27 miles  to the boundary line of the FairhaA'en Southern extension  of the Great Northern railway. The track is expected to  meet the Westminster Southern, making connection with  tlie Canadian Pacific, on October 5th.  A portion of the army service corps attached to the garrison at Chitham, England, has mutinied. It is alleged  that their sergeants are imposing vexatious and needless  duties upon them. The men refused to parade and barricaded themselves in a store-house.  A dispatch from Boston, dated August 8th, says that  John L. Sullivan and Peter Jackson have been offered a  $30,000 purse ($25,000 to go to the winner) for a finish fight  at Ogden, Utah.  During the month of July $218,171 was disbursed to the  employees of mines at Virginia City, Nevada, and for tlie  months of April, May, and June 88,993 tons of ore, yielding  $1,300,000, were extracted. The latest find is in the Ophir,  and is reported as the richest strike since tlie one made, in  1886, in the Consolidated Virginia.  Queen Victoria has not lost her favorite Grenadier  Guards after all. The order for their banishment from  London to Bermuda has been revoked.  Kemmler, the murder, was executed by electricity at the  Auburn, New York, penitentiary on the morning of the  5th. A current of over 1000 volts was turned on. There  was a sudden convulsion of the frame in the chair. A  spasm went over Kemmler from head to foot confined by  the straps and springs that held him firmly so that ho limb  or other parts of tlie body stirred more than a small fraction of an inch from its resting place.   A. slight twitching  which the muscles of the face underwent gave it for a moment the expression of pain, but no cry escaped from the  lips, which were free to move at will.   No' sound came  forth to suggest that consciousness lasted, more than an  infinite small fraction of a second, beyond the calculation  of the human mind.    He was pronounced dead by dr.  ': Spitzka, the expert in attendance; but a few seconds afterwards signs of returning consciousness were observed, and '  the current was again turned on with full force, lasting  3������ minutes; so long that the electrode had burned through  the skin and into the flesh at the base of the spine.   The  execution  was  undoubtedly instantaneous and without  pain, but was bungled.  The recent sale of lots in Vancouver by the Canadian  Pacific was^a success; $118,1S6 was realized for 311 lots, being an average of $378.93 a lot.;.'  The state of Washington is. pretty well mortgaged.   The ,  total number placed on record is expected to be over 40,000,  King county alone having 8951.  The warships Canada and Thrush have been ordered  from Halifax to Buenos Ayrcs. to join in tlie naval demonstration by which France and Great Britain propose to  back up their demand for indemnity for losses of their citizens on account of the recent bombardment of that city by  the opponents of president Cclman.  : Oregon has but306,000 people to Washington's 348,000, and  her newspapers are dissatisfied oyer the fact.,' Washington  is fast becoming both populous and wealthy.  The loss by the recent fire at Wallace, Idaho, is placed at  $430,450, and the insurance at $41,250.  VLAN'd:;.:NdTICES ..'.'.'���������  Like tlie following 'mustAbe published nine weeks in Ai newspape'r other than  the' British"'Columbia Gazette, and cost FIFTY-FIVE CENTS  a line for the required publication in The AVI IXER.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands' and works  for permission to lease the following described lands for  timber purposes:  Commencing at a post about 35 chains south of Pilot  bay, on the east side of Kootenay lake, directly opposite  the Outlet, thence south 40 chains, thence east 80 chains,  thence north 40 chains, thence west 80 chains; containing  320 acres more or less. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Kootenay Lake, July Sth, 1890. By Geo. T. Kane.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days after date  the undersigned intend to apply to the honorable chief  commissioner of lands and works for permission to  purchase the following described tract of land situated  in the West Kootenay district:  Commencing at a point marked by a stake on the  east side of Kootenay lake, n ear Pilot bay, th ence run -  ning east twenty (20) chains, thence north eighty (SO)  chains, thence west forty (40) chains, more or less, to  the shore line of Kootenay lake, thence south, following  the shore line to the point of commencement; containing about 200 acres. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Victoria, B. C, June 30th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days after date  we intend to apply to the honorable chief commissioner' of lands and works for permission to purchase  the following^ described tract of land situated in the  West Kootenay district:  Commencing at a stake on the northwest side of a  small lake, known as "Silver" lake, thence cast 160 rods,  thence south 160 rods, thence West 160 rods, thence north  160 rods to initial stake; containing 160 acres.  JOHN McNEILL,  THOMAS A. R. BLACKWOOD.  Nelson, B. C, July 5th, 1890. '  I hereby give notice that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase 160 acres of land described as follows:  Commencing from a post on a point of rocks on the cast  side of a bay behind cape Horn on Kootenay Jake (known  as Parret's bay), thence southerly along the shore of the  lake and bay 40 chains, thence cast 40 chains, thence north  40 chains, thence west 35 chains, more or less, to the shore of  the lake, thence following the sinuosities of the shore line  to tlie point of commencement.     WILLIAM THOMAS.  Kootenay Lake, July 4th, 1890.  I hereby give notice that sixty (60) days after date I intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to purchase 160 acres of land described as  follows: '  Commencing at this (N. E.)'corner post, thence west 40  chains, thence south 40'chains, thence cast 40 chains, more  or loss to theshore of the lake, then following the sinuosities of the shore of the lake to tlie point of commencemnt.  II. W. WALBEY,  Per William Thomas.  , Kootenay Lake, July 4th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we, the  undersigned, intend to apply to the chief commissioner of  lands and works for permission to purchase one hundred  and sixty (160) acres of land, situate in West Kootenay  district and described as follows:  Commencing at a stake marked II. S. & M. S. D.���������N. W.,  on the Gold King trail, three miles south of Nelson; thence  south 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, thence north 40  chains, thence west 40 chains to the point of commencement. HAROLD  SELOUS,  Nelson, B. C, July 10th, 1890. M. S. DAVIS.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days after date  I intend to make application, to the chief commissioner  of lands and works for permission to purchase the following described tract of land:  Commencing at a post situated at the mouth of Kaslo  creek, on the south bank, at high water mark of Kootenay lake, in the West Kootenay district, thence west 80  chains; thence south 40 chains; thence east to Kootenay  lake, following high-water mark of same to the initial post;  containing 200 acres more or less. GEO. T. KANE.  Victoria, B. C, June 30th, 1890.  mm  _      TSYnBTiilf laiifci 1     l^i i    l   ulr-    ���������- *��������� -     *"- ~-   - -   * ��������� 1 ^- ^       ~  ��������� "������������������     ^ ��������� ~ fc 8  THE  MINEE ������* NELSON,  B.  0., SATUEDAY,  AUGUST  16,   1890.  Main Street,  REVELSTOKE  m  Eailroad Avenue,  SPEOAT.  WJEXOlL.tt&^.J^tt   J^JKTID   ZRiET-AJCX/  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  u  I?  h  in  eets  SitlAIJi    .VBICftETS- .OF, 5TEWS.  The residents of Ainsworth have sent a petition to government agent Tunstall at Revelstoke, asking for the  appointment of Andrew Whalen as constable for the Hot  Springs district. The petition was signed by nine-tenths  of the people in the camp.  1 J. P. Lamotte, J. B. Latriniouille, and Ernest Perry have  started an enterprise that is sure to be a success. Near  the bank of the Kootenay, a short distance above the  steamboat landing, is a fine quality of clay, which they intend making into brick, the wdrk.of molding to commence  on Monday. A kiln of 25,000 will be burned to start with,  and if the result is satisfactory another wiil be immediately burned. Mr. Lamotte is a practical bricklayer, and  proposes to do the first job given him for nothing, provided,  the material is furnished.  A practical man, who'has been looking the ground over  for lime rock, is convinced that suitable rock cair-be had  at Hendryx's, and will, it is stated, immediately burn a  kiln of lime, a kiln being already built,at that point. a  Dr. Gibson of Spokane, now' in Nelson for a few'days,  -was the first postmaster In Virginia City, in Alder gulch,  Montana, then a great placer mining camp. Being a good  Republican, he states that he and others of that way of  thinking had a pretty hard time of it with deserters from  the Federals and desperadoes from the "left wing of  Price's army." One fine morning 4 of the latter were  lynched, and one of them, merely to show that he was  not a Republican, yelled, "Hurrah for Jeff Davis!" as he  slid off a dry-goods box into eternity.  From 4 services held at Ainsworth, conducted by W. J.  Small, a Presbyterian missionary, $31.70 was raised by passing round the "plate " Pretty liberal people at Hot  Springs.  Mr. and mrs. E. L. Weeks of Sand Point, Idaho, and  mrs. J. C. Rykert of the custom-house made a first trip to  Nelson last week; but they only saw the city by electric  light, as the Galena did not arrive until 10 at night and departed the next morning at 4.  Customs collector Rykert has put up some of the finest  hay ever stacked on Kootenay river. He will have no  trouble in selling it, as the demand will be large  this fall, both at Nclsoii and Ainsworth.  Dr. D. LaBau came down from Hot Springs in a row-  boat, arriving at Nelson at 1 o'clock Wednesday morning.  He was accompanied by H. Anderson, mining recorder at  Ainsworth. Dr. LaBauwas called to attend R. D. Atkins,  one of the owners of the Hall mines, who is suffering from  a serious attack of pneumonia and intermittent fever.  A couple of prospectors, who followed up the north fork  of Salmon river and penetrated the mountain region to  the east of Nelson, report finding little or no trace of minerals, but saw a glacier that appeared to be 1000 feet thick.  They also report cariboo in great numbers, and that the  region is a sort of hunter's paradise.  The new Trail Creek camp has at last been christened.  The boys first called it Oklohoma, after the land of no rain  and much turmoil to the south of Kansas; but the name  * was not deemed appropriate, and now it is called Robson,  after the slickest politician in British Columbia.  Travelers can now- leave Spokane Falls'by. tlie Spokane  & Northern at 7 o'clock on Monday and Thursday mornings and arrive at Nelson by Joe Wilson's easy-riding saddle horses on Wednesday and Saturday afternoons, putting  in a night at Little Dalles and one at Sproat. Returning,  they can jog over to Sproat from Nelson on Mondays and  Thursdays and be in Spokane Falls at 5:50 in the afternoon  of Tuesdays and Fridays. '! he steamer Lytton, which  makes the run between Sproat and Little Dalles, is a first-  class river boat in all its appointments, having nicely furnished state-rooms.  A man who will name a mineral claim "Paradise" must  have a sort of hankering desire to enter the future state  through the gate guarded by St. Peter. While no one of  the boys has ever accused John Miles with being an orthodox Christian, yet he has done much work on his favorite  claim "Paradise," and proposes to stick to it until he uncovers a ledge all "paved" with shining gold.  Nelson merchants are now carrying pretty good stocks  in all lines; its hotels are numerous enough to accommodate double the people they are called on to accommodate;  its mechanics and builders are willing to undertake the erection of more buildlugs; and 33 out of its 37 businessmen  would only be too willing to hire "housekeepers" were the  " housekeepers " to be had.  The end of the track on the Columbia & Kootenay is  again moving slowly, but surely, eastward.    "Bob" Wat-  more now keeps his gangs employed at tracklaying, all  the steel for the 28 miles being stacked up at Sproat. The  crossing of the Slocan, 16 miles west from Nelson, will be  reached the first week in September.  Every man in Nelson who can rustle a snare or a spear  puts in more or less time fishing for "red" trout in Cottonwood Smith creek; and every one of them has a theory as  to where the fish come from and what caused their peculiar color.  The first mile of the Nelson and Hall mines wagon road  has been accepted by the government, and another Smiles  let to T. A. Lewis, who will begin the work on Monday.  The friends of Jesse B. Thompson, the well-known ranchman south of the boundary, will be pleased to learn that  he has so far recovered from his spell of sickness as to be  able to be around overseeing his stock.  The Miner is indebted to H. Hamilton Byers of Holley,  Mason, Marks & Co. for a copy of the fire anniversary Review and to J. A. Forin of Forin & Morrison of New Westminster for a copy of the Canadian Law Times. The  Spokane fire made the Review what it is today���������a good  daily newspaper; damphool litigants made the Canadian  Xaw Times a necessity, and the only fire that will efface it  or affect them 'is the one kept running by Satan.  One day this week an argument arose over: "Does the  popular vote at a presidential election mean the TOTxYL  vote?" The argument was between a Democrat " clarke "  and a Republican printer, and resulted in the "clarke"  losing a 20 and the printer losing his temper. The latter  has regained what he lost, and the former hopes to regain  the 20 through the aid of the query column of the San  Francisco Examiner.  ,,.��������� Nelson's outward mail is now kept at Sproat from Wednesday till Saturday. To make it more explicit, a letter  mailed at Nelson on Wednesday after 9 a.m. reaches'Revelstoke the second Saturday thereafter���������or in 10 days and  10 hours time.   Pretty good mail facilities, mr. Fletcher.  The highest price paid for Nelson property was paid on  Thursday by Joe Wilson to E. S. Topping. The latter sold  all his right, title, and interest in lot 9, block 5, including  a 24x40 story-and-a-half building, for $1350 in cash, which,  was about $500 for the 30-foot lot on which the building  stands. Mr. Wilson, in turn, sold lot 7 in block 8, a 30-foot  lot, for $200; the purchaser being a Vancouver real-estate  speculator.   No other sales reported.  &oing SSavSi on  Uncle .Sain.  A rumor that caused a good deal of amusement was flying around Sproat and Nelson this  week. In effect, it was that 2 of Nelson's well-  known hustling real estate owners and business  men had renounced allegiance to Uncle Sam  and became devoted subjects to her most gracious majesty, all because of ia change of heart  and not through any desire to gobble up a few  acres of waste crown lands by preemption. The  rumor was but half true, much to the regret of  the friends of the man who backed water, as  they had fully made up their minds to enter  him against J. A. Mara in the next race for  member of parliament. The man who actually  did go back on Uncle Sam will, no doubt, get  his just reward in heaven, for there is no show  for him to get that customs inspectorship at the  new custom-house at the mouth of Trail creek,  the job being already promised to a "remittance man" from the old country.  ELECTION   OF   FIRE   WARDENS.  Notice is hereby given that an election for fire wardens  for the town of Nelson will be held at the government  office at Nelson on Thursday, August 21st, 1890. T. H. Giffin will preside as returning officer. The nominations shall  be between 10 o'clock and 11 o'clock in the morning, and  the poll (if any^shall be taken between 11 o'clock in the  morning and 1 o'clock in the afternoon. Three wardens  shall be elected to serve for one year, and every male inhabitant of the town of the age of 18 years or upwards, except Chinese and Indians, may vote at the election.  G. C. TUNSTALL,  Government Agent for West Kootenay District.  Nelson, B.C., August 16th, 1890.  0. S. F. Hamber,  Notary Public, Nelson.  A. G. Thynne,  Vancouver.  AND  Mining  General Commission Agents,  ,   ETC.  executed with promptness and dispatch.  INING STOCK and CLAIMS  bought, bonded, and sold.  OFFICE   IN   THE   MINER   BUILDING.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 5 East Baker Street, KELSON, B. 0.  MMJMWJIBMIfflCCTaW  MiaiMmBiuaaatwaawMiaMiiiBiM^  ���������mmjwwiimjuAumtfH  LIIMUIU^MIMmiilllMMmLWimiUllM^


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