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The Miner Aug 2, 1890

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Array 7 ,/  t  ��������� .    .  yi:i"-  Only Paper  Printed; in. the  Kootenay Xake Mining; Districts.  For Rates  of Subscription and  Advertising-  See Fourth Page.  NUMBEE 7.  NELSON,  BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  AUGUST   2,  1890.  $4 A YEAE.  FINE SPECIMENS. FROM A FINE COUNTRY.  That the mineral exhibit frorri West Kootenay; at the Toronto exposition will be one of  the finest ever made is now an assured fact.  David Woolsey of Illecillewaet, who was appointed to make the collections, passed through  Nelson today on his return from Hot Springs.  He stated that he was surprised at the large  number of showings for mines in the Hot  Springs and Toad Mountain districts, and  laughingly remarked, "We had better quit  the upper country altogether and move down  here in a body, as the showings in our district  are not to be compared with those in the lake  country." .Mc^^oplsey^peaks highly of the  courtesies extendedhimT by the miners and  mine-owners, who, with one exception on Toad  mountain, were all only too glad to aid him in  every way. The specimens secured range in  weight from 30 to 125 pounds, and efforts will  be made to secure a 500-pound one from the  Number One, the property recently purchased  by 2 of the owners of the Revelstoke smelter.  The specimens will give the people in the east  an ide'a of the richness and variety of the ores  of West Kootenay, for they embrace nearly  every character of ore from low-grade galena to  high-grade free gold.   \  - On Toad mountain, "specimens were secured  from the Cariboo, Grizzly, Dandy Iroquois, and  Toughnut. Small specimens from the great Silver King were procured from private parties  at Nelson. Fine specimens of free gold were  obtained from the Poorman on Eagle creek and  the Royal Canadian on 49 creek, and of copper  from the Queen Victoria, on the north side of  the Kootenay.  Hot Springs district yielded specimens from  the United, Krao, Little Donald, Union, Ne-  osha, Norman, Arkansaw, Black Chief, Sunlight, Number One, Skyline, Spokane, Fissure,  Glengary, Little Phil, Pearl, The Tariff, Kismet,  and Let-her-go-Gallagher. In the absence of  dr. Hendryx, specimens were not obtained from  the Blue Bell.  Before returning to Illecillewaet, mr. W'ool-  sey will take in the new excitement on Trail  creek and the claims on the east arm of Arrow  lake.   Gold  Mines that are  Mines.  While the Kdotenay Lake country has had  but few detractors, and these always men who  wanted prospects for nothing; yet, at times, expressions like, "O, there are no fissure veins  in the country!" were heard. These expressions were difficult to combat, as depth was attained on but few claims. " Even at this date, no  shaft is down 200 feet; but, while this is true, not  a single claim has been dug out. The Poorman  on Eagle creek, 6 miles from Nelson, is proving  its worth by its output. Every day's work in  the mine makes it Iook better, and the successful working of the 10-stampmill is evidence that  the ore can be easily worked. The Royal Canadian on 49 creek, 8-miles from Nelson, is another  gold property whose worth is being proved by  actual development work. All reports from it  are that the owners have one of the biggest  things in the lake country,���������that it is fully equal  to, if not better than, the Poorman.  Began  Mine-Making- Work.  This week development work was commenced  on  the Charleston, the south extension of the  Little Donald, one of the best known claims in  the Hot Springs district. The Charleston is  owned by Thomas Garvey and others; the work  will be under the direction of Jack Harkins and  Dave Grant.   A Great Showing for a Great Mine.  There is no question but that the Hot Springs  district at Ainsworth is destined to be a large  ore-producer. No other camp in America of the  same area has so many good showings for  mines.    They are all easily accessible, no one of  them being over 5 miles from the Kootenay  lake, whose waters are navigable the year  round. One of the most talked-of of these showings, because of its changing hands last week, is  the United. The claim is owned by the Revelstoke smelter people, who already have a force  of men at work opening it up. At present they  are erecting the necessary buildings, the work  being under the superintendence of John  Thompson. The road now being built from Ainsworth will pass within 100 feet of the United  ledge.  Building Improvements and Real Estate.  Building   operations   are   progressing   right  along at Nelson; not with the rapidity characteristic of a boom, but slowly and surely, Which  means  safely.     No  building   is  being erected  with the expectation of renting it the first month  for more than its entire cost; no building is being erected merely for temporary use, but substantially and well.     The   one   difficulty   the  builders have had to contend with all along is  the scarcity of dry surfaced lumber for flooring,  ceiling, and inside finishing work.    This will be  remedied   in   time,   as   3   saw-mills,   all   with  planers attached, will be in operation  in this  country within the month.   Hamberfc Thy line's  office building on west Baker street is boarded  in; the European hotel on east Baker is enclosed  and ready for the flooring; the International on  west Vernon street is doing business, although  the   room    partitions    of    the    second    floor  are   not   all   in;    R. E. Lemon's    store   is   being    painted     on     the     inside,     to     be    in  readiness   for   the   shelving;    J.   Fred   Hume  & Go's  first floor is ^ready for the  receipt of  goods, the shelving being in place; inside work  is being done on the Topping building; and G.  A. Bigelow has lumber on the ground for ah addition to his store.  A few lots have changed hands, but all by  outside holders. Thirty-foot lots are quoted at  $200 to $250, according to location; 50-footsfrom  $250 to $500. Outsiders place a higher value on  their holdings than can be realized here on the  ground. The Canadian Pacific's purchase of the  Hoover pre-emption of 160 acres, adjoining the  townsite on the south, for $7200, has in no way  affected the market. People here are indifferent as to the actions of the railroad company,  and would rather have the terminus of the road  at the falls, or at Grohman's flat, or even at  "Bogustown," than see the provincial government surrender them everything in sight. The  government holds the top hand, but, evidently,  does not know how to play it.  In fact it is doubted by many if the road will  be completed to Nelson this fall. The impression prevails that the company, by its actions, intends to make the falls its winter terminus.  Not Such an Out-of-the-Way Plaice After All.  The Kootenay Lake country is, by outside  people, considered an out-of-the-way place, difficult to reach from any direction.    At times it  may be difficult to reach, owing to the bad road  between Kootenay station and Bonner's Ferry  and the tenderness with which Sam Smith handles the cayuses on his stage line over there; or  hard to get to over the trail built under the immediate supervision of an ex-  official whose name will be handed down  to posterity by reason of its being attached to a  town on the east bank of the majestic Columbia. But all these difficulties can be surmounted in quick time by every one except the  Dominion postal officials. J. A. Nesbit arrived  at Nelson last week in just 6 days from San  Francisco. He came by steamer to Victoria;  thence by the Islander to Vancouver. At Vancouver he boarded the Atlantic express of "the  only true transcontinental route" for Revelstoke. From Revelstoke to Sproat was quickly  made on the steamer Lytton. The distance  from Sproat to Nelson was on shank's mare. It  takes mail matter fully 2 weeks, on an average,  to cover the same distance.  PEGGING    AWAY    AT   RAILROAD'. BUULDING.  The report that Whitehead, McLean & McKay had abandoned their sub-contract on the  Columbia & Kootenay rail way, because of large  losses incurred in being charged with the fares  of men brought from the east to work on the  gra^e, biit who jumped the job as sooii as they  arrived, is without foundation in fact. They  have merely shipped out hired teams for which  they had no use, as the relocation of the line  has cut down the earthwork to little or nothing.  That the firm will make '..money on their contract is very doubtful, but that they will finish  it on time is a certainty.  D. B. Campbell, the contractor for the bridge  work, has also had trouble through a misunderstanding with men shipped in from the east.  The men state that the railroad company agreed  to pay them $2.50 a day, but on the paymaster's  monthly visit they found that $2.25 a day was  all that they were getting. This did not suit a  number of them, and they quit.  Keefer & Co. are pegging away, arid will move  camps by the middle of the month. By that  time they expect to receive orders to begin work  between Nelson and the falls.  The track is laid to a point about 2^ miles  from SprOat, and will be to the Slocan "within  30 days.  Bonded  Goods  Arriving.  The Canadian Pacific has no longer a monopoly of the carrying trade of the Kootenay Lake  country. Canadian manufactured goods can  now be brought in by way of the Northern Pa-  The  Galena, on Friday, had 11 tons of  merchandise for R. E. Lemon and a consignment of liquors for Marks & VanNess. These  goods were shipped from Victoria and Vancouver. Among the merchandise for mr.  Lemon were nails from the Montreal Rolling  Mills Company, sugar in barrels from the Halifax Sugar Refining Company, canned vegetables and fruits from Ayimer, Ontario, and condensed milk from Truro, Nova Scotia. That  there is no difficulty in shipping in goods in less  than carload lots is evidenced l>y the fact that  the owners of The Miner, on Monday last, received a paper cutter weighing 1460 pounds  direct from the makers in Toronto. It was  shipped over the "old reliable" Grand Trunk on  July 3rd and delivered at Nelson by the "old  reliable" Galena on the 28th. The freight rate  from Toronto to Kootenay, Idaho, was 24 cents  a hundred less than from Toronto to Revelstoke.  That this can be done is proof positive that the  camps on Kootenay lake can depend oh low  freight rates on both in-coining supplies and  out-going ore.  Wagon Roads Well  Under Way.  Tonight the first mile of the wagon road from  Nelson   to the  Hall mines will  be practically  completed, except a part of the rock-work west  of Cottonwood Smith creek, and the work will  be turned over by the contractor by the end of  next week. The planking for the bridge across  Cottonwood Smith creek is at the landing, and  timbers are being got out for the bridge across  Giveout creek. Bids will be opened on Monday  for the completion of the remaining 9 miles of  the road. The committee ask for separate bids  for completing the remainder of the road, for a  section from the 1-mile post to the 4-mile post,  for a section from the 4-mile post to the 7-mile  post, and for a section from the 7-mile post to  the end of the road. No doubt, a numoer of  bids will be made, as the work is such that  there is a show for men without large means or  plant to get in and do it.  Work on the road from Ainsworth, through  the Hot Springs district, is making good  progress.  Silver Worth $1.09 an  Ounce.  The latest quotations obtainable give 109 as  the New York price of bar silver.  ������ THE  MINEE V NELSON,  B.   C,   SATUEDAY,  AUGUST 2,  1890.  Dealers i^D^ Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is fall and complete in every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect Goods  V '���������������������������:��������� .':���������':���������' ,  aiid compare Prices. '������������������.���������'������������������''..���������������������������' ���������....������������������-. '.',:���������  Main Street, REVELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  AMENI^M'ENTS    TO 'THE ������������������ MINERAL ".ACT.  f A11 matter'.printed'under, this head is communicated by men known to be  interested in tlie mining- industry, either as prospectors, miners, or mine owners,  its publication in Tllli MINER does not necessarily make tlie views expressed  those of The MinkrJ.    GOLD      COMMISSIONERS      HAVE      NO       JUDICIAL  ���������POWERS.    ���������" . A���������''"'���������  ; A judgment was given by the Supreme court  in Victoria on the 24th of June which seems to  complicate greatly the question of our gold  commissioner's powers, in the case of Busk v.  Tunstall, in which a judgment had been rendered for $70, wages for labor performed,  Charles 'Wilson,-acting- for mr. Busk, took the  ground, "that the powers given by the provincial government to a gold commissioner sitting  as judge in a mining court, under section 11 of  the Mineral Act, are ultra vires the provincial  legislature, the power of appointing'judges Joeing'solely-'vested, in tlie .governor-general." ���������.  This view was sustained by the judges, who  said: "So far as the act establishes a mining  court and creates its jurisdiction, it was within  the power of the colonial legislature; but when  the legislature attempts to appoint judges of  the courts thus constituted, with other than  ministerial powers, it trenches on the powers  expressly given to the governor-general by section 96 of the British North America Act.  Under tlie 7th section of the Mineral Act, the  county court, if there is one whose jurisdiction  extends over the district for which a gold commissioner is appointed, has exclusive jurisdiction in all mining questions under the act."  Here then we see that under our ill-digested  Mineral Act, for years the gold commissioners  have been acting as judges without any legal  powers. This must create inextricable confusion among the parties who have hitherto  been losers in these courts. It is, of course,  probable that all who have suffered damages by  virtue of such decisions will at once sue for redress. Imagine the result of a re-opening of all.  the cases which have been heard since confederation. I think that this should be a warning  for our attorney-general to lose no time in appointing a .commission to review the mining  laws, and endeavor to reconcile the numerous  contradictions which, as is well known, at present exist in their various provisions.  Ainsworth, .Tulv 24th.  AMENDED  IN  THE   WRONG   WAY.  Section 85 formerly allowed .a miner to hold a  claim for the space, of 1 year after re-recording  such claim, if he made the annual expenditure  within 6 months after such re-recording. Under,  this law it was customary for miners to rerecord at any time before the year expired���������  sometimes several months���������in order to bring  the time for doing development work within the  summer months, when the ground is free from  snow. This section was repealed during the  last session and the wording of the clause  changed, apparently unintentionally upon the  part of the mining committee of the legislature,  or without any idea that the change so radically  affected the entire mining practice. By this  change,  "the holder of a mineral claim shall be  entitled to hold the same for one year from the  expiration of his previous year of holding, if he  shall within the first 6 months of each new  year" do his development work. Therefore, if  a claim shall be located in the early part of the  winter, he must do, each subsequent year's assessment during the ensuing months, when the  winter's snows render it an impossibility to perform such work intelligently. It is true, the  gold commissioner or mining recorder can in his  discretion extend the time for doing such work  for 'a .'period" of 3 months longer, by receiving  evidence under oath that there are good reasons  for such extension.. But does it not seem a re-  ductio ad absurdum that by a simple unintentional change in the wording of a section the  whole course of procedure in mining customs  should be changed, and miners forced to do development work in the most unfavorable  months of the year, which they have hitherto  been accustomed to perform whenever they  could-do.it to the best advantage?  IRREGULARLY   WORDED.  A singular anomaly in the mining laws of this  province has probably been noticed by very few  persons who consider themselves posted in those  laws. "Every free miner shall have the privilege of entering upon and mining on the  'waste' lands of the crown." No authority is  elsewhere given to him to enter upon lands for  which a crown grant has been issued, although  the wording of the crown grant itself gives the  right to persons acting with such authority.  Among all the bright legal lights in our legislature and our judicial codifyers of these contradictory statutes, could not some wording have  been found which would have avoided the  difficulty?  ____  MINERAL  SHOULD   BE  IN   PLACE.  In section 67, part 4, of the Mineral Act, mineral claims are denned to be "claims containing  or supposed to contain minerals."   .What is. to'  be the foundation for such supposition ?    I sup-  jx>se  the   vague  imaginings  of the  prospector  who  is too indolent to  search  with  pick  and  shovel until the question is decided.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Orockeiy, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained  for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  EAST    BAKElt    STREET.  A. J. MARKS,  C, VAN   NESS,  PROPRIETORS.  LAKGEST  HOTEL IN NELSG1  AFFORDS   SPLENDID   VJEWS  OF   BOTH  TOAD MOUNTAIN AND  KOOTENAY RIVER  Best brands of liquors and cigars always in stock.    The  table furnished with the best in the market.  John Houston. Charles H. Ink.  W. Gesner Allan (a Notary Public).  Houston. Ink & Allan.  AND  Will purchase and sell mining claims and town lots;  collect rents; write bills of sale, bonds, agreements, mortgages, deeds, certificates of incorporation; etc, etc.  Aid in procuring crown deeds for lauds, Nelson town,  lots, and mineral claims.  Office m The Miner building, Baker Street, Nelson.  tf ���������c>>-  m.  THE  MINER:   NELSON,   B. C,   SATUEDAY,  AUGUST 2,  1890.  THE    Tit AIL   CREEK.    EXCITEMENT.  The latest .mining excitement is the reported  rich  discoveries  on  Trail creek, distant about  65 miles southwest of Nelson.    Over 20 mineral  locations have already been made.    Prospectors  and miners  are  coming   in from the  Colville  country, while Sproat, 28 miles from Nelson, has  lost several of its leading citizens. A number  of Nelson men are also interested in the new  camp. E. S. Toijping has made several mineral  locations, and has also taken up 200 acres of  land near the mouth of Trail creek. R. E.  Lemon has taken up 220 acres of land opposite  the month of Trail creek, and Henry Sheran 160  in the same locality. Both have mineral locations,  as well.    The  diagram  below,  although  ation   which   I have   acquired   through   their  agency.',, ��������� ���������   ���������  The claims are situated 5J miles up Trail  creek, on the west side of the Columbia river,  about 30 miles south of Sproafs landing, and 12  miles north Of "the international boundary. A  few years ago, some claims were located on the  south side of the creek upon a ledge carrying  gold, silver, and antimony (recent assay, 62  ounces in silver, and $12.80 in gold), but no material development work was done, although the  smelter at Colville offered a good figure for the  ore delivered at their works!' This year, however, Joseph Morris and Joe Bourgois had a  look at the district and brought in rock which,  while not high grade ($13 per ton), was sufficiently promising to render location advisable,  and on the 7th July 4 claims, the Centre Star,  jsrojEirrjEi:.  been located, and which atthe west end terminates in a hill full of mineral. A little south of  this is another ledge, traceable for 3000 feet, and  in places (e. g., on the Centre Star) 24 feet wide  on surface. Three claims have been staked off  on this vein. About the center of each of the  2 end claims the vein divides into 2 partes, and  rich ore ($31 and $41 in gold) occurs at the  points of junction with the main vein. Southwest  of the Centre Star is the lead upon which the  Homestead claim has been located.  The ore from the whole district is similar in  character, carrying more or less antimony, copper, lead, iron, and manganese. The bulk Of the  ore examined is high in gold and low in silver,  (e.g., $40, $31, $25,' and 8 oz. 4 oz. 6 oz., respectively), but the Homestead and a few other  claims carry more silver value than gold (e.g.,  H  J>  eV  '*'  Y  v   \  V  ��������� \        '  \  \.  XI  ���������'������������������' \/  r I  Iron Mask.  Virginia  Le Roi.  Center Star.  Idaho.  Formation���������Syenite.  Stratafication���������Nokth and South.  Veins���������East and West.  jL^'Vs.  Iron Horse.  Treasure.  Enterprise.  O  o  'or*  ���������������������������-  CD   .  02  go  go  O  S=i  8  CD  fcd  ������>  02  ert-  Homestead.  Morning Star.  Mineral���������Antimony.  Hoover & Bordau.  .Tl':aiI    Cre.ek  SOUTHa  not accurate, will give the reader a fair idea of  the lay of the land. The camp is easily reached  by the old Fort Shepard trail on the west bank  of the Columbia river. The country is not  heavily timbered; the altitude is but little  above that of the foot-hills along the Columbia;  and grass for stock is reported abundant. The  following description of the ore deposits is by  Gr. E. F. Ellis, the well-known mining expert  and assayer of Nelson. It can be relied on as  being as nearly accurate as the limited amount  of development work will admit.  TRAIL  CREEK  ORE   DEPOSITS;  The  mineral  deposits  near   Trail   creek  are  likely to prove of greater importance than was  at one time anticipated, and I have therefore  obtained permission from the parties interested  in the district to make use of the special inform-  the War Eagle, the Virginia, and the Idaho,  were recorded. These, as well as the more recent locations, are a, little north of the claims  recorded a few years ago by Hoover and  Bordau. Other parties from Nelson followed  suit, aud on the 25th July there were 19 locations in the Trail creek district.  Now a few words from a geological point of  view. The country formation is syenite, and  the veins (in all probability true fissures), as a  whole, run nearly due east and west. One of  the ore bodies has an apparently northwest and  southeast course, but the ore is different in  character from the rest (viz., galena and carbonates) and is lower grade ($9 per ton). Its  width, however, is considerable���������possibly 100  feet. Southeast of this galena deposit are la,rge  iron croppings, value yet unknown. Due south  of the same galena is a well-defined ledge���������20 to  40 feet wide���������upon  which at least 7 claims have  30 oz. 62oz.,and $11.50 $13, respectively). In  estimating the prospects of the district, the  large size of the ore bodies must not be lost  sight of.  Should development work confirm the present  favorable appearances, the district is well situated for shipping purposes, there being only a  short distance from the claims to the creek and  the Columbia river, whence there is water communication with Colville, Spokane Falls, and  Revelstoke.  R. E. Lemon has applied for permission to  purchase 320 acres of land on the east side of the  Columbia river and 160 acres on the west side,  while E. S. Topping also has an application in  for 200 acres on the west side. We need not,  therefore, be surprised to find the nucleus of a  town on Trail creek before long.  George E. R. Ellis, M.E., F.C.S.  Nelson, July 31st.  ������������������������������������iiiihim���������-���������ii|H|IIH THE  MINEE:   NELSON,  B.  0,,  SATUEDAY,  AUGUST  2,  1890.  -<*  The Miner is printed On Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months^ 1.50, six months $2.50, one year $4.  Contract Advertisements will, be inserted at the  rate of ",������3 an inch (down the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first- insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion.' Twelve lines of ,9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  ���������Reading, or Local Notices 25 cents a line .each  insertion.   Contracts made.  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given; if  weight is not  given  $1  will be   charged.   Marriage.  announcements will be charged from $1 to $10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good style at fair rates.   Cards,  envelopes^ and, letter, note, and account papers kept  ���������...,'��������� in stock.    '''.'<-.������������������' . '''.   ' '  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name.    Communications'with such signatures  as  ''Old Subscriber," "Veritas,"  ''Citizen," etc.,  etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters :   The  Miner,  Nelson, B.  C,  A     (with "via Kootenai, Idaho," added if mailed in the  United States.) __   Authorized Agents :   Henry Anderson, Ainsworth;  James  Delaney  and  James   Gibson, Spokane  Falls;  J. H.  Mathesori,  Donald; Sam  Woods, Westminster;  A     F: B. Wells, Revelstoke;.' Harry Hebert, Sproat; Linton  Brothers, Calgary; Robert Jamieson, Victoria.  EJMTOStlAL    IlEftlARKS.  By the "Columbia and Kootenay Railway  Subsidy Act, 1890," the province granted 200,000  acres of land to the company now bui|ciing a  railroad between Sproat and Nelson, the laud to  be taken in 4-mile-square blocks from any crown  lands in Kootenay district. Section 7 of the act  reads as follows: "Every land warrant, except  " one, which may be issued for 5440 acres, shall  " be for not less than 10,240 acres, and may be  " transferable to other persons, and shall entitle  "cthe holder thereof, upon his complying (except  "as to payment of purchase money) with the  "laws Of the province relative to the purchase  " of surveyed or unsurveyed land, and upon the  "surrender of the warrants to the chief com-  " missioner of lands and works, to receive a  " crown grant of the lands applied for, inpui\su-  " ance of the said warrant and the said land  " laws." Section 8 reads: "No crown grant  " shall issue except for unoccupied, unreserved,  " and unrecorded crown lands, not being an In-  " dian settlement or Indian reserve."  Under date of June 4th, by ordef-iii-council of  May 28th, the chief commissioner of lands and  works reserved from lease, sale, or settlement  one of these 4-mile-square blocks (block 5) covering the towiisite of Nelson and surrounding  lands; another (block 10), in the vicinity of Hot  Springs, on the west side of Kootenay lake; and  another (block 11) on the east side of Kootenay  lake at Hendryx mines. Under date of July  10th, by order-in-council of July 8th, another  block (No. 12), situated and lying on both sides  of the west arm of Kootenay lake, and distant  about one mile west of the main lake, was reserved for the same purpose.  Now, how can the commissioner of lands, and  works, under section  7 of the act, issue a land  warrant for a 4-mile-square block of 10,240 acres  which takes  in the townsite of Nelson? or one  which  takes   in   the   mineral   locations   in   the  vicinity of Hot Springs? or one which takes in  the  Hendryx patented mineral  claims on the  east side of  Kootenay lake ? or one taking in  the leased timber limits at Buchanan's saw-mill  on the west arm  of Kootenay lake?   A 4-mile-  square block can not be selected anywhere close  to either of the above places without embracing  within its limits lands already patented, or reserved, or leased, or taken up as mineral loca  tions. Evidently, the railway company selected  these 4 blocks so that they could profit by the  enterprise of less-favored people. The right to  set apart these lands for their use should be at  once tested by application for an injunction restraining the commissioner of lands and works  from granting or reserving blocks 5; 10, 11, and  12. If the people of Kootenay Lake country  wish to main tain their rights, they must take  prompt action. The courts will undoubtedly  sustain them.    . _____  It is  understood that mr. Tunstall,  government agent for West Kootenay, has been  instructed   by the   commissioner   of   lands   and  works to issue no water records in the neighborhood, of Nelson.    But the commissioner of lands  and works  has reserved for the same railway  company that i:a,pplied for 1000 inches of water  from Cottonwood Smith creek and  100 inches  from  Ward creek, a 4-mile-square  block that  covers all of Ward creek and over 4 miles of Cotton wood Smith creek.". If the railway company  obtain   a   land  warrant for  the  4-mile-square  block, what chance have the people of Nelson to  obtain water rights from Ward creek;  or, for  that   matter,   from   Cottonwood-Smith  creek?  The abutting land will be owned by the railway  'company, and the railway company will exact  the pound of flesh for every privilege it sells to  anyone in this section of Kootenay district; for  every act of the company, so far, is to obtain a  monopoly of not only the carrying trade, but of  lands and townsites as well.  In   the   confederation   are   2 or 3   provinces  whose governments are inclined toward improvidence, and another whose is recklessly extravagant.      The  province of Quebec   has  always  been  the  spendthrift  member of   the  family,  who  expects  the more thrifty  ones to aid it.  This was true even before the days of confederation. " Upper Canada (Ontario) paid fully three-  fifths  of the  taxes,  and Lower  Canada (Quebec)   had   the   direct benefit  of fully one-half  of the   money  expended  by the  government.  Today that province is hopelessly in debt, yet its  rulers make no effort to retrench expenditures.  Its premier, returned to power at the last election by an increased majority, confident in the  hold he has on a people controlled in all their  actions by a priesthood whose every member is a  politician, comes cOoly to the front and demands  that the Dominion assumes the twenty-million-  dollar debt of the province.   If this cool demand  is complied with, and no doubt it will be as the  solid French vote is too strong to be resisted by  the McDonald government, it is only a question  of a few years  when the demand will be repeated.    The only hope for Ontario, Manitoba,  and the other provinces who live  within their  income  is to cut loose  from the priest-ridden  province on the St. Lawrence; a.province whose  people,   and   institutions,   and   aspirations are  wholly at variance with those of the remainder  of the Dominion,���������and, for that matter, with all  of English-speaking America.  The following is printed solely for the benefit  of the few men in Nelson���������no other town in the  Kootenay Lake country has other than men of  the strictest sobriety���������who do not know when  to let upon whisky drinking: "The best auth-  " orities are generally skeptical as to there be-  " ing any sure cure for confirmed habits of in-  " ebritv, unless the effort in that direction be  " aided by a strong exercise of the will of the  " unfortunate subject of this bad habit. There  " are, however, many remedies recommended  "as aids  in  diverting, or, in  a minor degree,  "satisfying the   appetite   for   strong   liquors,  " which are undoubtedly of great advantage in  " some cases; and  one of these  is thus recom-  " mended by a self-styled   'rescued  man:'    'I  " wasone of those unfortunates given to strong  ,-.," drink.    When I left off, I felt a horrid want of  " something I must have or go distracted.     I  " could neither eat, work, nor sleep.   Explaining  '"' my affliction to a man of much education and  " experience, he advised me to make a decoction  "of ground quassia, a half-ounce steeped in a  "pint of vinegar, and to put about a small tea-  ," spoonful of it in a very little water, and to  "drink it down every   time the  liquor thirst  " came on me violently.   I found it satisfied the  " cravings, and it diffused a feeling of stimulus  " and strength.    I continued this cure and persevered till the thirst was conquered,    For 2  " years I have not tasted liquor, and I have no  "desire for it.    Lately, to  try my  strength  I  " have handled and smelt whisky, but I have  "no temptation to take it.    I give thisin con-  " sideration   of    the    unfortunate,   several   of  " whom  T   know   have    recovered   by   means  "which I nO longer require.'"  Usually the visits of the paymaster on a rail-  c way ar������ looked forward to with pleasure by  those whose names are inscribed on the pay-roll;  but the rule does not hold good on the Columbia  & Kootenay. On that road the paymaster is a  sort of poll-tax collector, hospital-fee gatherer,  railroad -transportation scalper, and all-round-  procure-your-ticket-before-en tering-the-dining-  room bouncer. So far, most of the men, after  working 2 months on the grade, are still in debt  to the company.  .,,'.'  Seattle, Washington, has 2 great daily newspapers���������the Post-Intelligencer and the Press.  They are great in all respects, and in nothing  more than a willingness to exchange on even  terms with small weeklies like The Miner.  a  a  "The Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec elec-  " tions, all teach the same lesson���������the futility of  " attempting to overthrow a strong and popular  " administration, having on its side all the ad -  " vantages which accrue from actual possession  " of power and patronage, unless by an opposi-  ' tion which- is well organized, and has a clear,  definite, and attractive alternative policy.    It  " is not SLifficient even that the leaders have a  "good   reputation   for character and   ability.  " They must also have a strong platform.  They  " must be able to say just what changes they  "'"will, make, if successful, in the policy, of the  ,'" government.   They must be able to show that  "these changes are of great importance to the  " well-being of the country.    Failing to do this  " the only alternative that can give any prom-  " ise of success is their being able to show that  "the   existing   government    is    contemptibly  " weak, incapable,  or corrupt."     Thus speaks  The Week of Toronto.-   No better summing up  of  the political situation   in  British  Columbia  could be given.    The Robson government, timeserving as it is, was returned to power simply  because the opposition  had not the ability to  frame ajplatform on which to go before the electors.    The leader of the opposition has a hobby,  not a policy.    His hobby is that the province  should build the railways, as well as the other  public roads.    The hobby is utterly impracticable.    If this hobby had been cast aside, and a  solid stand taken for the passage of a general  railway act, under which anyone wishing to do  so could build a railway without first bribing a  charter through  the  legislative assembly,  the  result of the election might have been different.  As it is, the people hope for much from the in-  fcfli __HOHt_M__n_  THE  MIxTEE:   NELSON,   B.  C,   SATUEDAY,   AUGUST  2,  1890.  dependent members returned.   Wrill their hopes  be shattered?  Seattle Post-Intelligencer: "The death of  "general Fremont recalls the favorite refrain  " of his supporters for the presidency in 1866,  "* Fremont, Dayton, and the railroad too.' At.  ���������''���������'.' that time nothing Was so popular as a railroad  '' across the continent. By the old line Repub-  " licans, arid by all others to a greater or less  ���������'degree, it was regarded as little less than sac-  " rilege to talk about limiting the aid which  "the federal go vernment, the states, or  " the liiunicipalities -would render for that  " purpose.     And if the railroads had responded  ������������������������������������'-' ��������� ','���������"'      ' -,   '    ������ ��������� ���������!  "in   the  same  generous 'spirit, and  had  been  " perfectly fair,   just,   and   impartial  in  their  " dealings with all of the rjeople, and had left  ������" politics alone,   and had  confined  themselves  "solely and strictly to their railroad business,  " there is no reason to doubt that the enthus-  " i as tic  good-will '-manifested-: towards them in  " '56 would'.'have, been maintained to this day.  " How  delightful  it would  be  if that  hearty  "good-feeling   between    the    people   and   the  " transportation      companies,     the     foremost  " agents   of   material   progress,   could   be   re-  " stored."     The    above    is    as    applicable    to  Canada, and particularly to this province, as it  is to the United States.    The people of British  Columbia refused to join the confederation until  the   Dominion   government    covenanted    and  agreed to  build the Canadian Pacific railway.  Now they would be only too glad to covenant  and agree with the Dominion to have severaLof  the high officials of that road  sent to the penitentiary.     "������������������; ,  This feeling is not caused because of antipathy  to railroaids in general; but is simply the result  of the selfish policy pursued by this railway  company in this province. A policy that  aims a,t destroying all local industries;^aamper-  ing all enterprises not owned or controlled by  men affiliated with the officials of the road;  side-tracking all towns whose vacant lots are  not "owned by the company; making prostitutes  of our ��������� representatives in the local assembly;  and doing everything but that which -it-was incorporated and richly bonused to do, that is,  minding its own. business as a common carrier,   j  The Toronto Globe advocates sending a Canadian-representative to Washington,- as a sort of  wet nurse to aid the British minister in conducting negotiations in which Canada is directly  concerned. The better way would be to send 16  senators and 40 members of congress.  The Revelstoke Star of July 26th prints a communication,���������written- bv  someone  ashamed of  his real   name,���������in   which  the  writer takes exception-to the government -expending, so much  money in the lower end of West Kootenay district and so little in  the upper end.     " It strikes  "me," says   the   writer,   "that  they [meaning  " the people of Nelson] do not see this matter  " in its'proper light.-    In the  first place  a ra.il-  " road 26 miles long is being built for their ben-  " efit, which has-been subsidized by the Domin-  " ion and provincial  governments to the extent  " of $612,000 in  lands and'moriey."    The people  of this section have all along believed that that  26  miles  of road  was being built for the sole  benefit of   the  people  of   Revelstoke,   so  that  their smelter could  be blown in and kept running on the ore from the mines on Kootenay  lake.    The people of this section wanted a railroad; but not the Columbia & Kootenay.    They  wanted  the   Spokane  &   Northern.    But  their  wishes were thwarted in this matter by a prominent resident of Revelstoke, who, last winter,  went to Victoria and lobbied against the passage of the bill granting that road a charter;  arid as a reward for his eminent services the  people of Revelstoke, at the last.'election,''ran  him for the legislative assembly and gave him  21 of their good votes.  That irrepressible and burning question,  "Daily Marking in the Public Schools," has  broken out afresh iii Victoria. The teachers opposed to the method claim that it takes up too  much time of both teacher and pupil, and that  it is of no real benefit to the latter. The Miner  does not catch on to the true inwardness of the  method pursued at Victoria; -but if it is  anything like the system in vogue back in  Peel county, Ontario, in the fall of '59 and  spring of '60, the teacher does not mind the time  taken, but the pupil does the marks received.  Johannesburg is not a large mining town in  South Africa, but it has 80 doctors. Nelson is  not a: large mining town in British Columbia,  but it has nary a doctor. Evidently,^the miners of Johan nesburg are not there for their  health, while those of Nelson are.  If the Columbia & Kootenay railway's subsidy  and land grant amounts to $612,000 in value, its  directors will be able to declare a dividend from  the surplus saved in constructing the road.  Crawford's  Siny Farm   Lands.  To the Editor of The Miner; On two occasions you  have published enquiries respecting land for homesteads.  For the information of your enquirers, allow me to draw  attention to a tract of land, situate at the head of Crawford's bay on this lake, in which locality I already hold a  pre-emption. Adjoining my land there is a meadow, subject to overflow, containing- about 40 acres; and lying  north, adjoining this, is a tract of beaver meadows and  SAvamps which can be readily drained, and which when  cleared will grow anything. Running north from this, online level benches facing the south, is a tract of about 2000  acres, which is burned off clear, and which, if properly  sown with grass seeds, would, with the peavine that already grows there, make a valuable pasture, as it has a  creek running through it, and has several good, though  small, hay marshes -within" its limits. There are also a  string of beaver meadows, thickly surrounded by timber,  situate about half a mile from the bay, Which with a very  little work could be made to produce heavy crops of grain  and vegetables.  The general character of the soil is alight sandy loam,  which under proper treatment can be made-to produce  good crops. There are plenty of good building logs close  to the first-mentioned piece of land, and a saw-mill is in  course of erection 8 miles away. The hills surrounding  the bay are scattered over with berry-bushes, which grow  profusely and boar well, leading me to suppose that many  varieties of-fruit-trees would do well on these lands.  These facts may be of use to your enquirers ; but let me  say, distinctly, that these lands are unfit for a man without capital, as considerable work must be done to make  them profitable farms. As I have spent 6 years on'the  frost-bitten prairies of Manitoba and the Northwest, and  have eventually gravitated to my present location, I think  ���������that my example should be a sufficient guarantee of the  value of a pre-emption on this lake. J. W. COCKLE.  Kootenay Lake, July 25th.  Crawford's bay is on the east side of Kootenay  lake, distant about 16 miles southeast of Ainsworth and about 30 east of Nelson. The lake  does not freeze over during winter, and settlers  on the lands round the bay could have water  communication all the year with Hot Springs  and Hendryx camps.  Short   X������ws   fi'aragraphs.  Kight thousand Chinese will be brought to Mexico to  work on the Tehuantcpee railway.  All information received from Virginia,, Nevada,, is confirmatory of more active work being done in the Comstock  mines than for several years. Prospecting drifts and  crosscuts arc being run in, with tlie work tending toward  the west lode, which is nearly all gold-bearing. Thai (lie  work going on is of an important character is evidenced  by leading superintendents paying more personal attention to the work than they have for two years past. i  .A__ DEL  SIHIXIRILIE-y  PIONEER   BARBER   SHOP.  Shaving, Hair Cutting, Shampooing.  RAZORS   HOMED-  Vernon Street (next door to Lake view House),  NELSON, B.-C.  Natural Wool Underwear  Canton Flannel Underwear  Merino Underwear  Balbriggan Underwear  Cotton Underwear  All - Wool Underwear  ���������A  > o  ^ o  2. o  ������ o  A    pLi  XJ1  .A.T  'NO. .15.EAST  BAKER 'STBEEET, 'XEliSON.  KER & WELLS,  DEALERS  IN  GENTS' FURNSSHSNGS,  BOOTS AND SHOES,  Fancy and toilet goods, patent medicines, fruits, tobaccos,  ���������''.'' a"cigars, stationery, etc.  Postoffice Store, Nelson, B. G.  .Ellis, F.C.S.  Member' of Society of Chemical Industry;-  Author"of "Practical Organic Analysis," of  "The Iron Ores of the World," Etc., Etc.'  Expert; '-in   tlie   "BSBitebird"   Mining.- Suit.  EXPERT   AND   CHE   ._ *..-.: NELSON,   B.   C.  REViSED   ASSAY   CHARGES.  Silver, Gold or Lead..-......... A. .....:..  Copper  .......    .".........  Silver and Lead.....:.......    Silver, Gold and Lead.......-.. A .. "....'....,  Silver and Copper  ...:... .-...,  Silver, Gold and Copper   Silver and Gold   Three samples for Silver or for Lead ,.,'.   Mineral properties managed and reported upon,  csts of non-residents attended to.  SST  .,$1-50  .. 2 50  .'. 2 00  .. 3 00  ..- 3 00  .. 4 00  ..2 00  .-. 3 50  Inter-  BOOT AND SHOE SHOP  NELSQN,  B. C.  I am now prepared to make to order boots and shoes of  all kinds, at as reasonable rates as they can be.made for in  this part of the country; also,  neatly and substantially done, and all orders promptly  attended to. The patronage of the public is respectfully  solicited.  IE_��������� "W"-   :Bl".A:R,:R,IS_  Horse-Shoeing a Specialty  ASS  kinds of .Bobbing and Bgcpniring.Executed  Neatly  and   S'rompU.v.  Ward Street, opp. Govoi'mnont Office, Nelson.  Baker Street, near Josephine,  All Work  Turned  Out Promptly  and in First-C'Iass Style.    .\one but White  Ucip  Hni ployed.  ALICE   IFOSTIEIE^   IIVCAIETAG-IEIR,..  *5 THE  MINER r  KELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY, AUGUST  2,   1890.  (?���������-  james Mcdonald & go.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from ,f6.50, to ������500. .Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair,, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention,,  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Dohcrty organs.  MAIN STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.. ���������  Tat  irkup  ' S&EVBSLSTOKSS, IK. ���������.  STOVES ������  aEANITEWAKE  AND  LAMP  GOODS.  Tin, Copper, and, Sheet-Iron' Ware Made to  .; First-class work guaranted.,   Particular attention  to mail orders from mining camps.  Order.  paid  a        H     a  Main Street, RevelstokeAB. C.  MUGS,   PATENT   MEDICINES,  -.. ;���������    and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.,  CIGARS    AT    WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  DRUGGISTS.  Prescriptions carefully compounded, from pure drugs, by-  a graduate in pharmacy.    A full line of patent medicines and toilet articles carried.  '{Only Drug Store in itnvcr Kootenay.)   SPROAT, IS. i'.  LIMITED.  One of the above company's,steamers  WILL  LEAVE  SEVELSTOKE FOB, SPROAT  MONDAY  WEDNESDAY  FRIDAY  ���������at 1 a. m.  WILL  LEAVE  SPE0AT FOR '.REVELSTOKE-  TUESDAY  THURSDAY  SATURDAY  ���������at 3 a. in."  J.  A. MARA.  Manager  W. Bredemeyef, Ph. Dr.  (Late partner of John McViokers, Salt Lake City)  Mining Engineer, and Provincial and TJ. S. Surveyor.  AGENT  FOR   HAND'S   FIREWORKS.  Masonic Temple Block, Vancouver, B. 0..  RATES   FOR,  ASSAYING.  Silver, Lead, or Gold.. .$2 00   Gbppcr,Silverand Gold.$2 50  Zinc or Arsenic...-  5 00   Silver or Gold bullion... 3 00  Silver and Lead or Silver and Gold..... .���������     2 00  Iron, Lime,'Silica or Manganese ;     5 00  Sealed sample for Lead, Silver and Gold...    '4 00  Sealed sample for Copper, Silver and Gold..;......;.    5 00  Lead bullion,tor Silver and Gold     2 00  Assays from Kootenay district promptly attended to.  Makes reports on and surveys and maps of 'mines. Thirty  years experience ; speaks 10 languages.    Terms, cash.  Kootenay Lake  Saw-Mill,  ii.   O.   KII���������HA.\AX,    Proprietor.  All kinds of rough lumber and dimension stuff on hand  or' sawed to order; also T and G flooring, V ceiling, surfaced lumber, rustic, and sawed shingles.  Capacity of mill 20,000 feet per day, which ensures the  prompt filling of large orders. Lumber delivered at any  point on Kootenay lake.  Postoffice address, Nelson, B. C.    Mill It east of Nelson.  ��������� MINERAL    CLAIMS '-RECORDED.  'mineral 'claims-recorded in  office at Nelson   during  the  Following are the  the government  last 2 week:  Saturday, July 19th���������The "Brunswick," situate about  three-quarters of a, mile northeast from 49 creek and half  way between the government trail and tho Kootenay; Alfred Bunker, locator. The "Bobby Burns," on the north  side of the Kootenay and about quarter of a mile north of  the Queen Victoria", adjoining the La S.; Robert Bates, locator. The "'Capila.noj" on the right bank of the Kootenay, nearly opposite the mouth of 49 creek;'C.-.L. McCam-  mon, James' McDonell, O. C. Sproulc, and IT. G. Golden,  locators. The "Forest," re-recorded by John 11. Cook.  The " Newmarket," re-recorded by ".John R. Cook. The  "Fourth of July," re-recorded by Thomas Snirl. The  "Billy Gladstone," re-recorded by William 'Snirl.  Monday,'.July-21st���������The "May and Jennie," situate oh  the east side of 49 creek, adjoining Price's mineral claim:  Roderick McLeod, locator. The "Blue Grass," adjoining  the May and Jennie and the John O'Brien; John Spragg,  FrankW. Flint, and Charles S. Cole, locators. The " Enterprise," situate On the west side of and about 5 miles  from the Columbia river, 1;} 'mLies from the west fork of  Trail creek; Samuel Stonge and Alfred Cabena, locators.  The " Morning Star," on the west side of and about 5  miles ;from the Columbia -river, H- miles west of the trail  leading to Hope; Samuel Stonge and Joseph'Bourgois.'lo-  ;'��������� cators. '''.'-.    ������������������ ', ,,  Tuesday, July 22nd���������The "Henderson," situate on the  north side of the Kootenay, nearly opposite the mouth of  49 creek; William H. Henderson, locator. u  .-Wednesday, July 23rd���������The "Union Jack-,."-.re-recorded  by James Durkin, J. H. Young- and Guy Haines: The  Toughnut, re-recorded by Andrew B. Hendryx and James  E. -Do'lan., The " Toronto Chief," .on the north side of and  about 2A- miles from the Kootenay,"a quarter of a mile cast  of Stewart creek, and adjoining the Jersey Lily ; C. C.  Sproulc, locator.  , Thursday, July 24th���������The Iroquois, re-recorded by Ben j -  amin Thomas, C. M. Townsend, John Johnson, Charles'  Lundberg, and P. H. Grace. ��������� The Jim Crow, re-recorded  by Benjamin Thomas, C. M. Townsend, John Johnson,  Charles Lundberg, and P. H. Grace.  Friday, July 25th���������The "Black Diamond," situate half  way between Sandy and Eagle creeks and a short distance.  above the government trail; G. H. Andrews, locator. The  Umatilla, re-recorded by Thomas Collins and Daniel Le-  bau. The Uncle. Sam," re-recor'ded by Charles Ewing and  Nicholas K. Noon. The "Faint Hope," situate on the  ,. south slope of Toad mountain, above Giveout creek, at the  east end of the Jonah, and abjoining the Morning and the  Pacific; E. M." Gcthing and William Springer, locators.  The " Last Chance," situate about 1 mile from the'Silver  King, at the west end of the Ollie; Silus Johns, locator.  Monday, July 28th���������1 he "Good Time," situate between  Eagle and 49 creeks, bounded on the east by the Nevada,  and on the west by the Maple Leaf; Charles Dronin and  Oscar Soclerbcrg,  locators.     The "St.  Elmo," situate  on  the divide between Trail and Stoney creeks, on the west  side of and 5 miles from the Columbia, about 1? miles from  the Centre  Star; Samuel Creston, locator.     The-"Mountain--View," situate at the northwest end of the St. Elmo;  E. S. Topping, locator..   The "Spor,"'situate at the southwest side of the St. Elmo and the Mountain View; William Springer, locator.     The   "No. 1," on Trail creek, on  the west side of the Columbia, near the west end of the War  Eagle; Samuel Creston, locator.    The "Iron Mask," at the  west end of the Virginia, near the southeast end of the  War Eagle, and parallel with and joining the Centre Star;  E. S. Topping, locator.    The "Iron Horse," at the east end  of the Virginia; Samuel Stonge, locator.--  The "Treasure,"  on the divide between Trail and Stoney creeks, half a mile  north of, the Iron Horse and 4 miles from the Columbia:  Samuel Stonge and Alfred  Cabena, locators.   The "Columbia," on the divide between Trail and Stoney creeks, l;f  miles east of the Idaho; R. E. Lemon, locator.    The "Iron  Cup," at the west end of the No. 1; John Meagher, locator.  The "Gertrude," at the north end of the Iron Cup; William Springer and Frank TIanna, locators.    The "Josie,"  on the side line-of the War Eagle,-.parallel with the Le  Roi;  Henry Sheran,  locator.     The   "Empress,"   on the  north side of the Kootenay, nearly opposite the mouth of  49    creek   and   3   miles back   from   the   river;   William.  Graham aud Christian Troyer, locators.   The "Bombay,"  on Toad mountain, north of  the California: George Ellis,  locator.  Tuesday, July 29th���������The " Wanderer," on the southeast  slope of Toad mountain, about a quarter of a mile from  Cottonwood creek; John Tolson and M.'S. Davys, locators.  ARRIVAL    AND    DEftMRTIFRE    OF-   MAILS.  Mail arrives at 5 o'clock P. M. Tuesday and departs at  7:30 A.M. Wednesday. Letters for registry must be handed  in 30 minutes before departure of mail.  Nelson, July 24th, 1890. J. A. GILKER, postmaster.  LAND   NOTICES  I .ike the following must be published nine weeks in a newspaper other than  the   British' Columbia Gazette, and cost  FIFTY-FIVE 'CENTS  a line for the required publication in THE MIXER.  ISTOTICE.  All claims against the Nelson City Improvement Company, Nelson City Townsite, or Pilot Bay Saw Mill Company, properlv vouched, must be forwarded at once to the  undersigned." No claim will be allowed after sixty (00)  days JOSHUA DAVIES.  Victoria, B. C, June 30th, 1890.  This is to give notice that GO days after date we, the undersigned, intend to apply to the honorable the chief commissioner of lands and works for leave to -purchase 100  acres of land, situated on tlie north side of Toad mountain,  in the district of West Kootenay, commencing at a post  j    marked   A. J. M., R. A. W.,  N.;   thence west 40 chains;  j thence south 40 chains; thence east 40 chains; thence  north 40 chains to the initial post.  ; A. J. MARKS,  i       Nelson, B.C., July 28th, 1890. R. A. WINEARLS.  I Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we in-  j tend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  j for permission to lease the following described lands for  I    timber purposes:  Commencing at a post about 35 chains south of Pilot  bay, on the east side of Kootenay lake, directly opposite  the Outlet, thence south 40 chains, thence east SO chains,  thence north 40 chains, thence west 80 chains; containing  320 acres more or less. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Kootenay Lake, July Sth, 1890. By G-eo. T. Kane.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) days after date  the undersigned intend to apply to the honorable chief  commissioner of lands and works for permission to  purchase the following described tract of land situated  in the  West Kootenay district: ���������.<������������������'"���������  Commencing at a point marked by a stake on the  east side of Kootenay lake, near Pilot bay, thence running east twenty (20) chains, thence north eighty (80)  chains, thence west forty (40) chains, more or less, to  the shore line of Kootenay lake, thence south, following  the shore line to the point of commencement; containing about 200 acres. JOSHUA DAVIES,  W. P. SAYWARD.  Victoria, B. C, June 30th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given  that sixty (00) days after date,  we   intend   to   apply   to   tlie   honorable   chief   commissioner of lands  and   works   for   permission to  purchase  'the   following  described   tract   of   land   situated   in  the  West Kootenay district: , ���������     ' '  Commencing at a stake on, the northwest side of a  .small lake, known as, "Silver" lake, thence cast 160 rods,  thence south lOOrods, thence west 160 rods, thence north  100 rods to initial stake; containing 100 acres.       "  JOHN  McNEILL,  HIOM AS A. R.BLACKWOOD.  Nelson, B. O., July,5th, 1830.  I hereby give notice that ,{50 days afterdate I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase 100 acres of land described as fol-  ... lows:.' -.,-''���������'  Commencing from a post on a point of rocks on the east  side of a bay behind cape Horn on Kootenay lake (known  as Parret's bay), thence southerly along the shore of the  la.ke and bay 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, thence north  40 chains, thence west 35 chains, more or less, to the shore of  tho lake, thence following the sinuosities of, the shore line  to the point of commencement.     WILLIAM THOMAS.  Kootenay Lake, July 4tb, 1890.  I hereby give notice that sixty ((50) days after date I intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to purchase 160 acres of land described as  follows:  Commencing at this (N. E.) corner post, thence west 40  chains, thence south 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, more  or less to theshore of the lake, then following the sinuosities of the shore of the lake to the point of commencemnt.  r. H.'-W. WALBEY,  Per Willi am Thomas.  Kootenay Lake, July 4th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that sixty days after date we, the  undersigned, intend to apply to the chief commissioner of  '���������lands and works for permission to purchase,one hundred  and sixty (160) acres of land, situate in West Kootenay  district and described as follows:  .Commencing at a stake .marked H. S. & M.S. D.���������N. W.,  on the Gold King trail, three" miles south of Nelson; thence  south 40 chains, thence east 40 chains, thence  north 40  chains, thence west 40 chains to the point of commencement. HAROLD SELQGS,  Nelson, B. C, July 10th, 1S90.         M. S. DAVIS.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to IJie chief commissioner of lands and works  for permission to purchase the following described land,  situate in West Kootenay district :���������'.'-.  Commencing at a stake marked H. Sheran, on the west  bank of the Columbia river, about 40 chains north of the  mouth of Trail creek ; thence west 40 chains; thence north  40 chains; thence cast 40 chains; thence south, following  the shore line of the Columbia river, to initial stake ; containing 160 acres more or less. HENRY SHERAN.  Nelson, B. C, July 28th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend  to apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase the following described land, situate in West Kootenay district:  Commencing at a stake marked R. E. Lemon, on the east  side of the Columbia river, at a a point nearly opposite the  mouth of Trail creek ; thence east40 chains; thence north  80 chains; thence west 40 chains; thence south, following  the shore line of the Columbia river, to initial stake ; containing 320 acres more or less. ROBERT E. LEMON.  Nelson, B. C, July 28th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that sixty (60) "days-after date  I intend to make application to the'.'chief commissioner  of hinds and works for permission to purchase the following described tract of land:  Commencing at a post situated at the mouth of Kaslo  creek, on the south bank, at high water mark of Kootenay lake, in the West Kootenay district, thence west 80  chains, thence east to Kootenay lake, following high  water mark of same to the initial post; containing 200  acres more or less. GEO. T. KANE.  Victoria, B.C., June 30th, 1890.  Notice is hereby given that 60 days after date I intend to  apply to the chief commissioner of lands and works for  permission to purchase the following described tract of  land, situate in West Kootenay district:  Commencing at a point,marked by a stake, on the west  bank of the Columbia river,Hear the mouth of '1 rail  creek, thence running 40 chains west, thence 50 chains  north, thence 40 chains east to the bank of the Columbia  river, thence following the bank of the river to initial post;  containing 200 acres more or less. E. S. TOP] TNG.  Nelson, July 22nd, 1890.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  <"or MINERAL   CLAIMS require to be published  nine weeks in a newspaper other, than the British Columbia Calotte; their publication in THF.  MINER will cost .the applicant FIFTY-FIVE CENTS a line.   .  Notice is hereby given that the Pacific Bullion Mining  Company, by their agent, Henry Anderson, has filed with  me, under the provisions of the Mineral Act, an application  for a crown grant to their claim "Spokane," situate about  one half mile west of the Hot Springs. Kootenay lake, B. C.  Adverse claims, if any, are required to send in their objections to me within 60 days from date hereof.  GEO. C. TUNSTALL,  Assistant commissioner of lands and works.  Hot Springs, B. C, July 6th, 1890. THE  MINEE:   NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATURDAY,   AUGUST  2,  1890.  AND  WILL   CONTRACT   FOR  THE   ERECTION   OF   ANY   SIZE  WOOD   BUILDING.  PI A  furnished and bills for material made.  JOB   CARPENTERING  attended to promptly.  Shop on Baker Street, between Hall and Hendryx.  KOOTE  HOTEL  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  XKLSON, B. ���������.  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  THE  TABLE  arc comfortable in size and       is  acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  TIHIIE   B^IR,  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  c  celebrated brands.  a  i-x ���������"  The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District.  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  NELSOtf,  15. C.  PROPRIETORS.  to  ���������'&*.��������� f������  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men. .  .CREAM    OF   THE   WORLD'S'   NEWS.'  The republicans of Minnesota have renominated William  R. Merriman for governor. One plank of their platform  reads: "Resolved, that we are firmly opposed to any  federal legislation designed to restrict the competition of  Canadian with common carriers." '..--,,  Robert Hay, a prominent Toronto business man and an  ex-member of parliament, died on July-,24th. He was a  Scotchman by birth, and aged 84.  Jasper Richardson, a practical man, succeeds sir John  Lister Kaye as manager of the farms opened up by the latter in the. Northwest Territories. Kaye's management was  too extravagant. '  The Grenadier guards,  a crack British regiment, has  been ordered from London to Natal, South Africa, .-and.  other foreign stations',,.as punishment for insubordination.  William O'Brien, the editor of the Dublin; United Ireland  and home rule champion,  is about to  marry  a Russian ,  heiress, radlle. Rartalovitch.' His fiance is at present translating his novel, "When We Were Boys," into French.  About 500 men,'women, and children are homeless at  Nanaimo, being evicted from their tenement homes by the  Dunsmuirs, the coal barons. At a mass meeting of the  citizens of Nanaimo,'the action of the Dunsmuirs was unreservedlycondemned.  The British, East African Company has an area of 750,000  square miles in Africa, with a sea frontage of'400 miles.  Under treaties made by Stanley 4.000 slaves have alrea'dy  been liberated. The company hopes in time to secure the  peopling of extensive tracts of its fertile land by Hindoo  cultivators from India.    (;  Frank Spencer was hanged at Kamloops on July 21st.  He murdered Peter Foster at a ranch 10 miles east of Kamloops in May, 18S7. He escaped, and nothing more was  heard of him until this spring, when he was arrested at  Vancouver, having just returned from Washington with a  band of horses. Death was instantaneous, the executioner  being a man from Victoria-  William S. Caine, who was recently defeated for re-election to parliament for Barrow-in-Furness, England, has  given notice that he will contest the seat for East Bradford  as a Liberal.  For the week ending July 19th, the following ore shipments were made from the Upper South Fork of the Coeur  d'Alene country, Idaho: Poorman 284 tons, Tiger 60,  Badger 156, Gem 121, Granite 62, Custer 30, California 30.  Total 743 tons.  Of the $2,000,000,000 coin and paper money issued by the  United States, one-third of which is locked up in the  treasury vaults, one half is in gold and silver, the other  half being paper of various kinds. The circulating medium  in use is three-fourths paper, the largest volume being in  greenbacks, with silA^er certificates next, then national  bank notes, then gold certificates. There is more gold in  circulation than any one kind of paper.  In an interview at Cincinnati, Jake Kilrain said: "It  may seem conceited forme to say it, but I honestly believe  I can whip any-man in the world. This is not idle boasting. It comes froiii my heart. It is the confidence that is  in me. Sullivan won the fight in Riohburg, Miss., but he  did not whip me. So help me God if I am not telling the  truth. I never knew the sponge was to be thrown up  until I saw Donovan toss it into the air. He had no right  to do it. I did'not want him to. I would have fought till  I was stiff in the ring. I dont believe Sullivan would.-. I  think he would have quit in a round Or two more if Donovan had not. tossed the sponge." ;  Great rivalry exists between the base ball clubs in the  northwest coast league. "March, the crack pitcher of the  Tacomas and one of the best follows in-the league," says  the Seattle Post-Intelligencer, "is not satisfied with the  treatment accorded him by the players in that nine." In  1888, March pitched for the Donalds of this province, and  last year pitched for the Kamloops club.  William Nichols, boss in the Savage mine at Virginia  City, Nevada, was killed on the night of July 21st by Pat  Crowley in the shaft below the 1200-foot level. r\ he murderer struck his victim in the head with an ax, and flung  the corpse to the bottom of the shaft.  The 4-oared professional race at Duluth, . Minnesota,  July 22nd, was won by the Gaudaur team. The crews  Avere as follows: Ha.nlan's���������Hanlan, Teenier, Hosmer, and  W^ise; Ross's���������Ross, Harry Vail, T. A. Kennedy, and D. E.  Murphy; the West Ends of Buffalo; the Eries of Buffalo;  Gaudaur's��������� McKay, Hamm, Gaudaur, and Ten Eyck.  : Hanlan's crew kept the lead until near the finish, when  Gaudaur's spurted and came in winner by about a length  and a half.    The prize was $1200.   Time, 18:20.  The veteran -swimmer of Great Britain and the holder  of the swimming championship of the British Isles, J. B.  Johnson, recently arrived at Boston, has succeeded in  making a matclL with professor Donaldson to swim 10  miles for $1000 a'side over an ocean course. The course of  Coney island will probably be selected.  The keel of a��������� fast steamer has been laid at Steven's  shipyard, Victoria, for Stuart, the smuggler, whose boat,  the Alert, was seized by American customs authorities at  Port Townsend. This steamer will be of about 35 tons  register, and will in all probability be used in the same  service as the Alert has been employed. Ponty Grey, son  of the late justice Grey of the supreme court of British  Columbia, is interested with Stuart in his operations, and  will be part owner of the new steamer.  A sensation has been created at Butte, Montana, by the  filing of the will of the late A. J. Davis. The-document,  which was dated in Iowa, in 1S66, makes his brother John  the sole heir. Annuities are also given to 2 illegitimate  children.    The estate is valued at $6,000,000.  The National line steamer Egypt, bound from New  York to Liverpool, was burned at sea on July 20th. The  passengers and crew were saved and landed at Dover,  England. Six hundred and forty head of cattle were lost.  The fire originated in bales of cotton stored over the  boiler.  The census supervisors for Colorado announce that the  population of the state will be very close to 400,000. The  largest cities in the state, outside of Denver, arc as follows: Pueblo 27,455, Leadville 18,365, ���������^Colorado Springs  11,200: Pueblo lays claim to the honor of being the only  city in America which has doubled her population in 2  years, the returns in 1888 giving that city 13,500.  Will Contract for the Erection of  Stores, Dwellings, Wharves,  Mills, Bridges, Etc.  on hand, with which to manufacture  Store  Fittings, Tables, Desks, Etc.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  ISTELSOIT,   IB.   O.  NELSON and SPE0AT.  Will-'contract; to deliver fresh meat at any mine in the  :      district.   Orders from lake points promptly filled.  running between .Nelson and Sproat,,and between Nelson  and adjacent mines. 'Will  contract to deliver  mining machinery on any mine in  ��������� the' district.  All Freight Shipped via Canadian Pacific to Sproat  promptly forwarded to destination.  CORRAL AND STABLING  at both Nelson and Sproat, where saddle ammals can be  hired and job wagons engaged.  NELSON OFFICE AND MAEKET:  NO. IS EAST BAKER STREET  BUILDER  D    CO  CTOR.  Plans and   Specifications Fiirnished Free.  For ihe present, address all  inquiries to Albert  Barrett,  at the Nelson Meat Market, 11 East Baker  street. Nelson, B. C.  BRICK AND STONE IV1ASON  IE3 IL ^ S T IE IE?, IE IE?, _  Will be at-NELSON on or about August 10th.    All work  promptly and satisfactorily executed.  The English Kitchen!  The  only restaurant in  Nelson.    Meals cooked to order  at short notice.    Lunches served.   Fish dinners  and Omelets a specialty.  Xo. 3 East ISnker Street.  a&BUgll   3lH4i<l<ML,   I'l'OIU*. 8  THE  MINEE:   NELSON,  B.  C,  SATUEDAY,  AUGUST  2,  1890.  Main Street,  EEYELSTOKE  Eailroad Avenue,  SPEOAT.  "WilOlliEJS^^IliEl   ^ZDTJD   BETAIL  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  Cor. Vernon and Josephine Streets,  SMALL  'NIIGGETS'  OF   "STEWS.  Nelson may not be much of a town, for it is  badly handicapped by a government that knows  nothing of the great resources of the Toad  0 Mountain district, but it certainly has good,  substantial lumber buildings. Of. these, the  stores owned by J. Fred Hume & Co. and R. E.  Lemon are noteworthy. They are by all odds  the finest in the mountain districts of British  Columbia.  This week a raft of 20,000 feet of lumber was  brought in from Buchanan's mill, making the  distance (15 miles) in 6 hours. Half the lumber-  was for the bridge across Cottonwood Smith  creek.  Michael Darragher, who has been wandering  around town for the past few days and acting  generally in an insane manner, has been sent to  Revelstoke for examination.  Davys & Tolson's saw-mill was expected to be  in readiness for actual work������this afternoon, and  Will be cutting lumber next week. The first  cut will be used for building a flume from the  mill to the wagon road at a point near the Cottonwood Smith creek bridge, a distance of about  a mile and a half. The cross pieces are already  in place. The wagon road to the Hall mines  passes above the mill-site, and a connecting road  will be built by the mill owners. Collins &  Ewing have a contract for getting out a million  feet of logs.  Work on the Queen Victoria copper claim has  been suspended for the present, the owners having gone to work to make grub stakes. Messrs.  Boecker and Burr are at work on the Hot  Springs wagon road, and mr. Brown in the  placer diggings on 49 creek.  The Say ward-Da vies Lumber Company will  have its millin running order within 15 days,  says manager Kane. Already they have over  200,000 feet of logs, on hand. The mill-site is  said to be a good one for the handling of both  logs and lumber.  Edward Bray, tired of sojourning in a "city  amidst mines," is killing time for a few days in  a "city amidst beautiful surroundings." Mr.  Bray reports the Hot Springs camp as moving  apace, and that lots at Ainsworth command  good prices, for their size.  "Nelson is the quietest town I was ever in,"  remarked J. Dover, the Donald jeweler, the  other day to The Miner boomer, who was using persuasive arguments to induce him to establish a jewelry store on one of Nelson's vacant  lots. This is pretty hard, coming from a man  who has lived in Golden and Roger's Pass. Mr.  Dover will take in Ainsworth before returning  to his haunts along the line of the C. P. R.  The Canadian Pacific is becoming anxious for  a share of the trade of this section of Canada.  One of its general freight and passenger agents  is reported to be ou his way in with instructions  to make rates equally as good as those obtained  from the Grand Trunk-Northern Pacific combination. Nothing like a little competition to  bring a railroad company "down to its knitting."  Dry good were received this week by R. E.  Lemon,  .T. Fred Hume & Co.,  and  G. A. Bige-  low.    They  came  in  by way  of   Sproat.    Joe  Wilson's pack train handled them.  "The Stanley of the Kootenay Lake country," as W. A. Baillie-Grohman so dearly likes  to be called, will be at the scene of his dredging  operations, 2 miles below Nelson, within a  couple of weeks. He will be accompanied by  mrs. Grohrnan and the children.  Civilization is always followed by attendant  discomforts. This spring when the streets of  Nelson were as cow-paths in a clearing, the few  residents of the place were not troubled with  dust; but how that the streets are,sidewalked  and unpaved, the hundred-odd citizens who  make Nelson their abiding place wish, when the  wind blows, that they were in Kamloops, or  some other town in .which'.the wind never blows  and the dust is always at rest.  A red and white awning now' decorates the  front of Joe Wilson's "Nelson Meat Market."  It is not only ornamental because of the brightness of its colors, but useful in protecting Albert  Barret from the hot rays of a prostrating sun.  fl*oor  Laboring   Men   Who. Have   JTnsft   Grievances.  To listen to the kicks made against the high  officials of the Pacific division of the Canadian  Pacific���������these officials having entire control of  the construction of the Columbia & Kootenay  road���������would make the average man a firm believer in the adage,  that corporation officials  have a superabundance   of gall.    The contractors, apparently, are charged with the fares of  every man who has this spring  made the trip  between Revelstoke and Sproat.    For instance:  John Tolson,  of Davys & Tolson,   the Nelson  saw-mill men, came in here in May.    His fare is  charged up against H. F��������� Keefer.    The fares of  every man but one sent down to do company  work, such as track-laying, wharf building, etc.,  is charged to one or the  other of the contractors; it is even stated that chief of construction  John McLeod's fare was charged to contractor  Dan McGillivary. The poll tax is religiously kept  out of every man's pay, so is the hospital fees.  The men are charged with 2 meals each on the  steamer, when, in fact, they either went without meals altogether or paid for them them -  selves.    And as a crowning piece of extortion,  the steamboat fare back to Revelstoke is withheld from the men.    It is useless for these poor  men to seek  redress.    The paymaster merely  shakes his head and says, "Boys, you can either  take what I offer you or go without; I have no  option in the matter.     I am merely a slave like  yourselves."   The officials in the general superintendent's office at Vancouver are safe from  personal interviews and molestation, as not one  of the men on the work will  be able to earn  enough   to   pay   the  railroad   fare   demanded  from   Revelstoke   to   Vancouver.    The   boys  should   "chip  in," and  send one  of the   most  stalwart of their number down to Vancouver  to interview general superintendent Abbott and  his able chief assistant, J. D. Townley.    If his  demands were not promptly satisfied, he should  pick them  both up and butt their   heads together.    A small dose of school-boy chastisement  might  make  them  more liberal,  if not  honest, men.  C. S. F. Hamber,  Notary Public, Nelson.  A. G. Thynne,  Vancouver.  AND  General Commission Agents.  StTA  e Emm    1    %b^i  executed with promptness and dispatch.  INING STOCK and CLAJSVSS  bought, bonded, and sold.  OFFICE   IN   THE   MINER   BUILDING.  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   JTo. 5 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.


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