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The Miner Apr 4, 1891

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 Only Paper  Printed in. the  >-'Kootenay-Lake Min  ing IMstricts.  For Rates  of Subscription and  Advertising  Sec Fowrtli  Page.  1TUMBEE 42.  .NELSON,  BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATTJEDAY,   APEIL   ���������,   1891.  $_ A YEAE.  REItUCTlQN'-  WORKS   AT   KELSON.  Several srnelters have been elected in the province, but at points distant from any mining  district -likely.--to furnish a regular ore supply.  The '.smelter at Revelstoke, after being ready  for nearly a year, has not yet even made a trial  run ; and probably will not until an ore supply  can be procured from Hot Springs district,  where parties interested in the smelter own two  ore-producing mines. Hot Springs district is  distant.: 210' miles from Revelstoke, and before  reaching the smelter the ore must; be handled  and transhipped several times :   ���������(._)'. at the mine,  (2) at the steamboat wmarf at Ainsworth, (3)'.at  the railway'"wharf at Nelson, (4) at the steamboat wharf at Robson, (5) at the smelter wharf  at Revelstoke. This handling and re-handling  will place the transportation charges at so high  a figure as to prevent the shipment-.of the low-  grade ores from the camps on Kootenay lake.  Then, again, the Revelstoke smelter is not prepared to treat the copper ores of Toad Mountain  district; and, in fact, the in hie owners of that  district do not propose to ship their ores to Revelstoke or to any other distant works for treatment. They want them treated as near the  mines as possible. The reduction works that  will be built at Nelson at once, provided the site  and aid asked for are secured, will be so complete that every character of ore now mined in  the lake country will be treated at the minimum  reduction charges. The company that has taken  the matter in hand is backed up by both local  capital is ts^iyd^nin^^  ore has been promised to run a l(X)-toh concentrator, a 30-ton lead stack, a 30-ton copper stack,  and a 10-stamp mill. The mine owners Who pro-  mise the ore have the ore in sight. These reduction works will do more to develop the mining  resources of the Kootenay lake country than  pages of legislative enactments.  A Wcw Trail to  Rover Creek District..  The owners of the Whitewater on Rover creek  are cutting a new trail to that property.    It is  claimed that the distance by ths route selected  will not be more than '7������ miles from the Columbia & Kootenay railway opposite Ward's ferry.  The new trail leaves the government trail at a  point, about half a mile east of Ward's. Eight  men are employed on the work With "Tom"  Mulvey as foreman. If possible the Huntington  roller mill now on the Gold King ground, about  4 miles south of Nelson, will be brought down  on toboggans to the Hat 'on". Cotton wood Stu^.h1  creek, to be in readiness for transportation to  the millsite on Rover creek.  Tlie Handy-Said   to Have Changed BBands.  A report comes from Toad mountain, late this  afternoon, that the Dandy has been sold to A.  M. Esler.    The Dandy is  the  west extension of  the Silver King, and is considered one of the  best prospects on the mountain. The ledge is  practically uncovered the whole length of the  claim. At one point a shaft is down 35 feet, and  at another a tunnel in ��������� for a considerable distance. The Dandy was owned by A. H. Kelly  of Spokane Falls, and James Fox and John R.  Cook of Nelson, the two former owning seven-  sixteenths each, and the latter the remainder.  Will  We. Ever   ���������et  _>er.ent Mail Service?  During the months of December, January,  February, and March the people of the Kootenay Lake country received mail once a. week  only by contributing $1000���������more than half  the cost of the service���������the Dominion government being too poor to stand the heavy burden alone. Now that that arrangement has expired, our people are in the same fix as they  were last spring, when mails were received  every once and awhile, at one time a period of  6 weeks elapsing between the arrival of mails.  That we will ever get adequate mail service  is an open question, for the simple reasons that postoffice inspector Fletcher is too  narrow-gauged in his views to successfully operate his depart merit and member of parliament  Mara is too much of a self-seeker to call the at-  tention of the Ottawa authorities to any grievance of the people of his district unless there is  something in it for mr. Mara. It fool, these two  worthy officials over four months last summer  to get a postoffice established at Ainsworth, and  it will probably take them another four months  this summer to establish a mail route between  Nelson and Ainsworth. Along in August a  steamboat now being built near Nelson will  probably be in shape to make a first trip, and it  will be astonishing how soon after that first trip  a mailroute will be established to all the camps  immediately on the lake. In the meantime the  steamer Galena will, as she has in the past, be  accommodating and carry the mails for nothing. Postoffice inspector Fletcher and member  of parliament Mara, like the Chinese, should be  compelled to go; and if there is ever a fair election in the district, the latter will go sure!  ,     MONEY   FOR    ROADS-   TO    OiJR   MINES.  That the provincial government has appropriated between thirty-five and forty thousand  dollars for the purpose of building and repairing roads, trails, bridges, and wharves in West  Kootenay district should go far to convince outside capitalists that the mining camps of the  district have merit. The appropriation is a very  liberal one when the vast area and the sparse-  ness of the popuTafion of the prdvrnce is:cbnsi(i-  ered, and if expended where actually needed, no  camp of merit in the district will be inaccessible  this fall. Below7 are the amounts appropriated  for East and West Kootenay districts:  WEST KOOTENAY.  Roads, streets, bridges, and wharves..  Toad Mountain mines road   Trail from Kettle river to Columbia river.......   Jail at Nelson    Lock-up at Ainsworth $500, site ������300   Repairs to government buildings   Gold commissioner at Revelstoke   Constable, collector, and recorder at Revelstoke   Constable and recorder at Nelson      1^200  Constable at Nelson ".         900  Constable and recorder at Ainsworth  .      1,200  Public school teacher at Revelstoke          720  Incidental expenses for, school at Revelstoke........ 40  $28,000  8,000  2,000  1,000  800  500  1,800  1,200  Total..  $47,300  EAST KOOTENAY.  Roads, streets, bridges, and wharves  . $18,000  Jail at Donald '.....  1,000  Court-house at Donald (furniture, fencing, etc).  500  Repairs to government buildings...   ... A.   500  Gold commissioner at Donald  1,800  Constable, collector, and recorder at Donald....  1,500  Constable at Donald   840  Constable and recorder at Golden  900  Constable, collector, and recorder at Fort Steele.... 1,200  Public school teacher at Donald  720  Incidental expenses for school at Donald  40  Public school teacher at Golden.  720  Incidental expenses for school at Golden   40  Total  $27,760  Or a grand total of ..,  $75,120  It is now in order for the government to instruct its agents in the two districts to begin  operations on needed roads as soon as work can  be carried on to advantage. There is no need  for delaying the beginning of the work until the  appropriations are available in July. The business men of the sections where the roads are required will carry the laborers or contractors  until such time as the government funds are  available.  Ample  -Bode! Accommodations.  People intending visiting the camps on Kootenay lake need not delay their visits through  fear of not finding hotel accommodations. Nelson now has 7 hotels and restaurants, Ainsworth  4, Trail Creek 2, Sproat 2, and Balfour 1. At all  these places liquid, as well as solid, comfort can  he had.  A ,GOOI>    I'KOSPECT   SODK  Although interests in claims on Toad mountain have been sold, the first sale of an entire  claim Was made at Nelson on the 1st instant, the  owners of the Iroquois selling that prospect to  Joseph E. Boss for $25,000 in cash. The Iroquois  lies parallel with and about 500 feet west of the  Silver King and Dandy claims. The ledge has  been uncovered in several places, and shows a  uniform width of about 14 feet.    A tunnel is in  on the ledge about 75 feet, and 50 feet from its  entrance a crosscut shows the ledge to be 14feet  wide. While the vein matter carries more  galena than the surface vein matter of the Silver  King and Kootenay Bonanza., yet it also carries  more grey copper. The gangue is a mixture of  silica, spar, quartz, and dolomite. The Iroquois  was located in 1887 by Ben Thomas and C. M.  Townsend, and at the time of the sale was  owned by Ben Thomas, C. M. Townsend,' John  Johnson, C. J. Luudberg, and P. H. Grace in  equal shares. The purchaser, J. E. Boss, is manager of the Northwestern Sampling & Milling  Com pan y of S pokan e Falls, an d left for t h at  place im mediately on com pleting the sale,  going out by way of Marcus. It is understood  the property is already placed among Victoria  capitalists, and that it will be developed into a  mine as soon as machinery and supplies can be  got on the ground.  Daily Communication   to be  Established.  Within 60 days daily communication will be  established between Nelson and "the-outside, by  way: of - Corbin'^ railway. <  The boat now building at "Fort Logan," near  Little Dalles, is the one of two unfinished links.  On Monday last 8 carloads of material arrived  from Portland and 12 more were expected to arrive on Thursday. Twenty-five of the best ship  carpenters on the coast are busy at work putting  the -material together, the hull being built in  sections at Portland. She will be 160 feet long  and furnished with machinery that '-will send  her up stream a-fiying. The round trip between  Sproat and Little Dalles will be made in less  than 9 hours, as the boat loaded will not draw  more than 2 feet of water.  Its Name Does not Indicate its Valise.  Less than a mile northwest of the Silver King  group is a claim   called  the   "Jim Crow."    Its  owners are confident that its name does not indicate its value, and are prepared to spend several thousand dollars developing it. The only  work done on the ground as yet is a short tunnel and an open cut, which exposes from 8 to. 10  feet of vein matter mineralized throughout.  The-owners of the Jim Crow refused $5000 for  the property this week, in the belief that it will  be worth 10 times that sum before snow fiies.  Another Wonderful  Find Reported.  Rumors concerning a wonderful find of grey  copper ore comes   from  a party who has been  prospecting to the south of Toad mountain, near  the boundary line. It is claimed that the ore  will run from $200 to $8000 to the ton, and that  the croppings show the ledge to be fully 20 feet  in width. The new find is located in a country  similar in character to that of Toad -mountain  proper. Tins Miner does not vouch for the  reliability of the news, as it comes through people interested in booming Kettle Falls.  Trail Creek Claims  BSondcd.  A report comes from Trail Creek that a Spokane capitalist has secured a bond on "Joe" Bor-  gois's claims, among the best in that camp.  Good Assays from the  4&nccn   Victoria.  Assays from picked samples of the Queen Victoria, the north side copper property, gave $72  in silver and 21 per cent copper to the ton. THE  MINEE:    NELSON,   B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  APEIL  4,   1891.  THE    FIRST .. FATAL . ACCIDENT.  THREE    MEN  KILLED   ON   THE    COLUMBIA   AND  KOOTENAY GRADE.  Four crushed and mangled bodies were  brought up from the rock-cut, opposite Selous  & Lewis's work, about 2 miles below Nelson, on  the :Cqhimbia & Kootenay grade,on Monday  evening at sundown and laid in one of the bunk-  houses at McCammon's camp, there to await the  ��������� arrival" of medical assistance, for which a couple  of messengers had been dispatched post-haste'to  Nelson. The bodies were those of James Hyan,  Henry Martin, August Johnson, and Justus  Mathison--four of the rock-gang working under  foreman Smith. It appears that at about 5  o'clock  in the afternoon a 22-foot  hole, loaded  with 10 kegs of black powder and a case of dynamite, and primed with a 19-foot fuse was fired.  The  men, together with  rriiv McCammon and  ���������Smith,   the   foreman,   returned   from   the   cut  about, 450 feet distant, where they had gone for  "safety, and proceeded to work again.    Mr, McCammon and the foreman had climbed on top  of the bluff into which the hole had been drilled  and  were discussing, the effect of  the  blast���������  which had not done as .much as Smith had expected���������when they observed dense smoke issuing from one orotwo crevices in the rock*.'and  they im mediately apprehended danger.    Before  they had time to do anything, before they had  time  to  spea,k, the  cliff  beneath them   heaved  and split and the granite hills on every side rang  with the echo of a loud report that struck terror  to the hearts of the men working in the immediate vicinity.    When the roar had subsided, mr.  McCammon found himself sitting on a mound  of earth;   he was slightly dazed, but uninjured.  Mr. Smith, 2 or 3 minutes after the blast, came  to  consciousness   at   the   bottom   of   the  cliff,  where  he had landed on a pile of rOcks;  and  whence he was summoned by the  piteous appeals for assistance  that  came  from   beneath  the pile of rocks and debris which the second shot  had'thrown-.forward onto his gang.    Benumbed  by the shock and sickened by the heart-rending  cries and groans of the wounded, he was powerless to move; aad mr. McCammon, realizing the  situation  immediately started up the line for  help.    A relief crew was quickly organized and  rushed to the scene of the accident to engage in  the   work   of disentombing  their  unfortunate  mates.    They were met by a man running towards   the boat,   his head and  face  and   neck  bathed  in  the   blood  that  was  pouring from  wounds all over his head and frantically waving  in the air the mangled remains of a hand.    It  was August Johnson, one of Smith's best men.  The next man extracted from the.rocks whose  jagged edges cut like a knife was Henry Martin.  He was so badly  smashed  that he  had to  be  wound in a blanket to be taken to the boat. The  third was James Ryan, a powder-man, a huge  stone of about 3 tons weight was pressing him  onto the points of 2  triangular pieces of rock  that squeezed his body to a thinness of about 3  inches.    He   was conscious when  relieved,   but  vomiting blood.    The last to be unearthed''was  Justus Mathison.    A great boulder had   fallen  forward and literally crushed him into a ball,  while flying rocks had neariy torn   him   limb  from limb.    He died shortly afterwards.    They  were taken to the headquarters camp and had  just been housed when dr. Arthur and W. Gesner Allan arrived from Nelson.  The interior of the bunk-house in which the  wounded men lay presented a sad appearance.  Bloody, blackened forms were struggling-and  writhing on beds of pine branches, and each one  mingling with his cries of agony touching appeals to the doctors to attend him first. Tourniquets being applied to the spurting stumps of  limbs of Martin and Johnson, endeavors were  made to resuscitate Ryan. They were successful, and after he had been comfortably settled  the others were taken in hand, and it was into  the small hours of the morning before the sick  could be left to the care of the nurses.  INJURIES.  James Ryan : Broken sternum, 2 ribs on right  side driven into right kidney; internal injuries  in the sacral region, and severe bruises all over  his body.  Justus Mathison : Right arm wrenched off  ���������attached only by portions of the deltoid muscle; right side and groin crushed and torn; right  leg crushed in parts to a pulp; left arm, side, and  leg badly crushed; ruptured in the iliac region  on left side; occipital protuberance crushed in  and head generally bruised.  August Johnson : Injuries on left parietal  region; jagged wound over left eye, laying skull  bare; five other scalp wounds; first finger of  right hand so badlv smashed and crushed as to  necessitate am nutation; two last joints of second finger blown away; third finger and hand  badly -crushed; slightinternal hemorrhage.  Henry Martin: Left clavicle broken; inguinal hernia; left arm crushed;' right femur  broken; light knee dislocated; right calf badly  lacerated; metatarsus and phalanges of right  foot crushed and torn ; left leg crushed to a jelly  from above the knee to the ankle; ninth and  tenth ribs on left side broken; badly crushed  generally.  The wounded men were as well attended as  possible under the circumstances, and after being dressed fell into a light slumber, and August  Johnson slept fairly <well" till morning. But at  about 2 o'clock in the morning Ryan became delirious, got rapidly worse, and within 10 minutes of feeling himself sinking had passed away;  within an hour he was joined by Henry Martin  in swelling the ranks of the great majority.  inquest and verdict.  An inquest was held on Tuesday afternoon,  and, after 2 hours' deliberation, the jury returned a verdict of ''Accidental Death," with no  evidence of neglect or carelessness on the part  of any one.  '.EVIDENCE. ���������  "William Smith, being duly sworn, said : Yesterday afternoon I had a 22-foot hole loaded,  and McCammon asked me if I was ready to fire  the "blast; 1 said ,1 vyas. I told him I had 10  kegs of black powder and one case of dynamite.  I "told Him it would take more than 10 minutes  for the lighted fuse to fire the blast. I told the  men to quit work ; and as soon as I saw everyone out of the cut I fired the fuse and quit m3r-  self. We waited 15 or 20 minutes before the  blast went off. The blast went off and we all  went back to work. McCammon and myself  went to the blast to see the effect of the shot; I  told McCammon the blast should have done better. I saw some smoke coming from the other  ; side of the rock; but before I could say anything  the second blast went off. I was thrown about  20 feet. When 1 became conscious I was at the  bottom of the cliff, and heard some of the men  crying for help. I cried for help and had the  wounded men taken out and sent up to camp.  The wounded men were: James Ryan, Justus  Mathison, Henry Martin, ahd  August Johnson.  (1).    The 22-foot hole was meant for one blast.  (2). I only cry "All over!" when there are  many holes. When there is only one hole there  is no need to cry "All over!"  (3). The second blast was about 15 minuter-  after the first.  (4). I had no suspicion that any of the powder had not gone off.  (5). I think the powder must have fallen into  2 separate seams and so caused the second blast.  (6). I put a case of dynamite on top of the  powder to ensure its firing all at once, and had  every reason to think it had all gone off from  the noise of the blast. ���������  (7). The fact that the blast did not do as  much as I had expected, I explained by thinking  that the powder must be weaker than I had  taken it to be.  (8). Ryan, who was killed, was my powder-  man, and said, after the first blast, that the  powder was no good.  William Watson, being duly sworn, said: At  about 5 o'clock I heard mr. Smith call "fire" and  I at once got my men out of the way, and  Smith's men got' out of the way at the same  time. Mr. Smith, mr. McCammon, and myself  came about. 450 feet from the blast and went  into a. cut. We waited thereabout 12 or 15  minutes till the blast went off. Mr. Smith and  mr. McCammon went back to where the blast  went off and I went back to my work. Smith's  men, about half at least, were back to work before Smith got there. I did not hear Smith say  a word after the blast was fired; My men were  all to work about 300 feet from where the blast  was fired. I started and loaded 3 holes on my  work; when loading the fourth hole I heard the  -report of the second blast, and I heard some one  hollar that some of Smith's men were hurt. I  took  all my men   to render assistance, and in  going met McCammon -who was hurrying for  medical assistance: We got the wounded men  out and sent them up to camp.  ..(!).. I did not hear Smith, the foreman, cry  "all over," as he usually did when satisfied it was  safe for the men to go to work.  (2). There was an interval of about 10 minutes between the first blast and the second one  which caused the injury. ,  got back  to  Elof Berg, being duly sworn, said: 1 am one  of Smith's gangland 'was working on his rock  work the day the men were hurt. Smith told us  to quit before the blast went off. We went  away and went back to work as soon as it had  been fired. We .were all near the work again  when a second blast went off, and James Ryan,  Henry Martin, Justus Mathison, and August  Johnson were hurt. We all thought the powder  was all fired and that the danger was all over.  There was only one hole loaded, and so, of  course, only one report. When there is only one  'shot we all go back to work, and so we did not  wait for the foreman to cry "all over," but: went  right back to work. I was only 10 feet away  from the cut when the second blast went off I  was just, picking up a. drill. 1 was not hurt, and  went to work to get the wounded men out.  (1).    There was an interval   of about 10 minutes between the first and second blasts. "-  (2).    I did not expect a second blast from that  hole.  (3).    Smith,   the  foreman,   was  at the  blast,  right on   top of the hole when we  work after the first report.  ���������=.'.'' BURIAL.  On Tuesday afternoon the bodies of Mathison  and Martin were interred in Nelson cemetery,  and vials containing the following particulars  were placed in their respective coffins. The remains of James Ryan were cared for by friends  here and were interred at Nelson on Wednesday  afternoon. ..   '  Justus Mathison (alias Ivorpi) died March 30th, 1891,  by accidental discharge of, powder on the Columbia &  Kootenay railway, about 2 miles west of Nelson, B. C. Extract from a certificate in his possession : Farmer Justus  Mathison (Ivorpi) of town of Malkelammin, Finland, born  December 28th, 1S5G. Has wife and 6 children. Signed by  Chr. Sjoblon, Dioccsis Aboensis, Magni Princ, Finland.  Dated June 15th, 1889.  Henry Martin (alias Hun tula) died March 31st, 1891,  by accidental discharge of powder on the Columbia &  Kootenay railway, about 2 miles west of Nelson, B.C. Said  to come from town of Malkelammin, together with Justus  Mathison (Korpi), and that he has a wife there.  James Ryan died March 31st, 1891, from injuries received  by accidental discharge of powder on the Columbia &  Kootenay railway, about 2 miles west of Nelson, B.C.  Said to have been born in Nova Scotia, and to be a brother  of mrs. Richard Allan, newsdealer, 105 Farnsworth avenue, Bordentown, Burlington county, New Jersey,  United States:  C. S. F. Hamber  A. G. TlIYNNE  A. D. He^shaw  ���������"VANCOUVER'  AND  Nelson,B.C.  MANUFACTIJEEES' AGENTS  6  SPECIALTIES  MINING  NELSON 0PPIGE, 105 WEST BAKEE STREET,  .SlcCoiuicll  Block,  Water Street,  YiiiicoiiYcr.  I have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for the winter  months. This will give an opportunity for holders to improve the shining hours of winter by selling to their friends  outside. CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1890.  fill  d_#s  :_jm_wii_m������������__M_^^ THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B.   0., SATUEDAY,  APEIL  4,  1891.  NELSON MEAT MARKET,  Will  contract to  deliver fresh meat at railroad camps,  mines, and all towns on Kootenay lake.  j_>xj_^i_stg-  _?___:__  -vvri-srTiling  (having   the   contract   to   carry   her    majesty's   mails)  tf " -   - ������������������'',,'-  SADDLE AND  PAGE ANIMALS, .  \  for the convenience of. travelers, will be kept on the trail  between Nelson and Marcus,   a  EXPRESS    PACKAGES  promptly forwarded from Marcus to Little  Dalles, Trail  Creek, Sproat, Nelson,, Balfour, and Ainsworth.  also, job wagons and saddle animals.  OFFICE AND MAREET:  _ !! EAST, B  OUE NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  Through Passenger Service from  Ocean to  Ocean,  isro  o__t____src3-__3S-  LOWEST TAKES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kooteiiiiy Lake-Shippers will be, consulting   their   own   interests  ;'������������������'������������������ by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  STEAfViER   "LYTTON"  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE  every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VANCOUVER,  NEW WESTMINSTER,  VICTORIA,  | rn\_:o_sr_?__i__!_^xJ.  MTOSOMTO,  ��������� |ST.   IF'-A-TTI.^  < lo__rio___Gho.  AND ALL POINTS   EAST.  Por rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,   etc.,  apply  to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, ."���������_>..��������� E.  BROWN,  G-en'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen'l Fr't 8z. Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouvf.ii, B. C.  DEALERS IN  '3  aROCERIES  AMD-  SUPPLIES FOR PROSPECTORS AND MINERS.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the winter to all  the mining districts on the lake.  PRICES SEASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  IXWEPEtf B*EX���������E    Atfi>    NOT    ANNEXATION.  "Those Englishmen  who dread such a result  "(annexation) do not do so out of jealousy or  "dislike of the United  States, nor, again, be-  " cause they are influenced by a selfish feeling  "that Canada, if she remains attached to JEng-  " land,, may prove useful.    Their  feeling   is ���������".in-'  " fiuenced  by a very different set 'of .motives...  " They see I hat Canada is developing a worthy  " type of manhood and they believe that tlie de-  -"'st ruction, of the Dominion as a separate polit-  " ical entity might deprive the English-speaking  " world of  a com in unity   which   hi  the  future  " tuay prove capable of affording valuable polit-  " ical lessons."  .     These words of the London Spectator will find  a response in the breasts of all true Canadians  of both political parties.-. It is because they aspire to a distinct national life, and because they  feel  conscious   of   having already  made  sortie  ���������'progress towards a "worthy type of manhood,"  a type different  in   many respects from that of  the mother country as well as  from that of the  great republic, that they are determined to cherish their autonomy against all influences and all  comers.   That in. doing so they have difficulties  many  and  serious  to face, difficulties internal  and   external,   difficulties   racial, financial, and  geographical^ they know but too well, but they  know, too, that in the force of character, capacity for hard work, and independence of spirit,  which their environment in the "Scotland" of  the new woi'ld is so well adapted to foster, they ,  have the potency and pledge of ultimate  sue-,  cess.    The policy of restricted reciprocity advocated by the government and that of unrestricted  reciprocity   advocated   by  the   opposition   are  alike admissions that the prosperity of the Dominion is to a less or greater degree; dependent  upon the freedom of its commercial intercourse  with the great, nation  to the south.    This ad-  missipn   frankly  made  is  not a  confession   of  weakness.   It is but the recognition of a natural  law in the domain of trade.   The same thing is  true, in greater or less degree, of every nation.  When the reciprocity sought is asked for, not as  a favor  hut as a matter of business, and in return for a fair equivalent, there is no humiliation in asking.    Any proposal to make a surrender  of   national   self-government,   or   national  aspirations, a condition in a mere trade arrangement, would lie resented as an insult hy every-  Canadian of spirit.  SndiaiLS  Compiletely S_bd_e<I.  The rumor that the Indians in the Dakotas  were only awaiting the arrival of spring to go  on  the warpath is without foundation, accord  ing  to   the   investigations   of   one  of   general  Miles'-  staff officers.    Some time  ago  captain  Baldwin was appointed by general Miles to investigate the rumor, and since his appointment  has visited every camp and lodge of Indians on  the great Sioux reservation in South Dakota,  and from his talks with Indian chiefs is convinced that they are completely subdued. Captain Baldwin is well posted on the Indian question, and states his belief that all the talk of an  uprising in the spring has been started by men  who hoped to make money out of the reports.  He has official figures showing that 201 Indians  were killed in the Wounded Knee fight in December hist, and 281 guns were taken from the  Indians���������the largest number ever taken from a  band of Indians. Captain Baldwin also says,  should it become necessary, 2000 soldiers -would  surround the Indians on a few hours' notice,  and that the. Indians have never been move completely subdued than they are now.  A  North   I<lnino Town  Sadden 5y Transformed.  From  a peaceful   hamlet slumbering  in   the  pine woods of northern Idaho, Kootenai station  has all of a. sudden been transformed info a  typical frontier town, with not one of the. distinguishing characteristics omitted. The force  that brought about the change was the Great  Northern, a railway of Jim Hill's creation. All  supplies for the Burns Sc Chapman contract of  55 miles are wagoned-from Kootenai station to  ~       .UU,UCl_.   V >W*&V,._,V._ l..WLl.       /..VWWl.<l.l....__      Ul.lll.lV.>I__ ,.W  he right-of-way near the Halfway house or to  Soulier's Ferry, 16 and 32. miles respectively.  _Y.) aid the wagoners in their arduous labor,  dozens of saloons have been opened at Kootenai  station and along the road to Bonner's Ferry.  Should the sturdy wagoners partake too freely  of the stimulants sold at the saloons, they will  he kindly eared for by a corps of well-trained  cleputy sheriffs, stationed at central points.  Such is modern civilization. Conv racts for  clearing the right-of-way east from the Half way  house have been let, and the work is now in full  swing. Burns & .'Chapman expect to have 2000  .men at work' within 00 davs, and men are now  camped -along the roadside, awaiting the arrival  of tools and supplies.  DO NOT USE POOR MATERIAL  o      '       in building's .when first-class  MOLDINGS,  are for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON SAWMILL  CO.  Yard:   At end of ..Flume in Nelson.  Mill:   Two JIBiles  South of Nelson.  Builders concede that the lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in   any   ,  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at-low'prices.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business, Lumber- good, bad, and indifferent -- on  hand or made to order.  G. 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January loth.  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on Lime.  SEASONED   LUMBER'.-  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Oor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  ARCHITECT,  CONTRACTOR   AND   BUILDER,  XELSOX,    IS. <'.  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings.  CONTRACTOR  AND   BUILDER,  Estimates made on all kinds of buildings, and contracts carried out with expedition. THE   MI-IEE:    _IELS0_I,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,; APEIL  4,   1891.  The MrNER is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months $2.50, one year $1.  ��������� Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of ������3 an inch (down"- the column) per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.     ,  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 0 words  each make an, inch. All advertisements printed for  ���������a less "period, than 3 months considered transient and  must-'be paid for in advance. Advertisements of loss  ; than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth .Notices  eree if weight ok child -is .given;'if',.  /weight is not   given   ������1  will  be   charged.   Marriage  announcements will be charged from $1 to $10 ���������according to the social standing of tlie bridegroom.  Job Printing in good stylic at fair rates.    Cards  envelopes, and  letter, note, and account papers kept.  in stock. , ���������" '���������'���������-���������-,������������������ ������������������:������������������'  Let'J'kks to the Editor will only appear over the  "writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters:  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  EDITOltlAIs    BEEMAltliS.  "While the house wasin committee yesterday,  "on the Mineral Act,   nir.   Cotton   and others  " having'objected, to the imposts and fees which  " were provided for, several  members from the  " mining districts  said   the   miners   were  per-  " fectiy willing to pay the rtaxe's to which they  "were subjected.   The province and the govern-  " ment had done well by them, one of the items  "of   taxation   ha-ving  been   levied  in order   to  "catch  the Chinese and other people who did  " not come here to stay, but only remained in  ^" the province just as long as it was possible for  " them'to exhaust its resources without making  " anything   approaching  a  return   for   them."  The words quoted above are from  the Victoria  Colonist.    Mr. Cotton favored the doing away  with the miner's license altogether, and lie was  right.    While the requirement of a license from  the locator or owner of mineral or mining claims  is not generally objected  to, their requirement  from working miners,  who are not owners, in  c. claims is wrong, and how any fair-minded inan  can argue otherwise can only be on the ground  that  a  tax  once imposed  must always be imposed.    No doubt colonel Baker of East Kootenay was one of the members "from the mining-  districts" who argued that the miners were perfectly willing to pay the tax,    Colonel Baker is  a firm believer in the divine right of kingship  and is also a firm believer in changing no law  unless   the change  will   benefit colonel  Baker  as     an     individual.      Two     years     ago     the  .miner's    of     colonel     Baker's   district    almost  to    a    man     petitioned     the    legislative    assembly  for   the   repeal   of the   section   of   the  Mineral Act  requiring working miners to take  out   a   miner's   license.       If   thev   have   since  changed their   ininds,   all well  and  good;   but  no class of men take kindly to paying taxes or  licenses, and seldom  hail their imposition  with  cries of delight.    In discussing the matter with  the present editor of The Miner, in 1889, colonel  Baker admitted the injustice of the tax, but said  it was useless to attempt its repeal, because any  legislation affecting the revenues would surely  fail of passage. Colonel Baker was returned at the  last  election,   not  by  the  votes of the minors,  but by the votes  of coerced  railroad-employees  and a few self-seeking businessmen  at Donald  and   Golden,  and,   therefore,   is in   no   way entitled  to speak  for the miners  of   his   district.  Notwithstanding the   retention   of  this  unjust  tax on  working miners, the day is not far distant when the "member from Cariboo" and the  "member from East Kootenay" will be laid on  the shelf as back numbers; and that day cannot  come too soon.    There is now little hope that the mineral bill  as reported by the mining commission will be  amended.    But, then, little could be hoped for  from men who .know .-nothing of the 'mining' business. The mem hers from the agricultural districts on the island imagine all the: mining in  British Columbia is still donein Cariboo, and, of  course, vote as do the mem hers' from that far-  off district., And, somehow the members from  Cariboo are a pig-headed lot, and wedded to the  old way of doing things.  The prompt action taken by the people of Nelson on-the'-railway charter question has already  had a good effect.   The people of the coast towns  begin .'to realize'that they are not the only people in the province whose "material interests are  affected by legislation.    The Vancouver World,  of March 17th, in a column editorial, attempts  to '.-Justify' the action of the board of trade of that  city,  and  in  doing so plainly shows its abject  servility to the.Canadian  Pacific and its ignorance of the feelings of the people in  the Kootenay Lake country.    It says:    "Rome was not  " built-in a day.   It will take time to thoroughly  " develop   the   Kootenay district and  explore  "it    for   railway    purposes.    The    latter    the  " Canadian Pacific  Railway  Company is now  " carrying   on,   but   it  appears   that   this  does  "not satisfy the people of Nelson and vicinity.  "The charters have  been  granted by the legis-  " lature.    This, wre think still,  a serious error.  " If it is proved that   our  view was wrongfully  " formed, none '-will be quicker to acknowledge  " it than will be  the   World.    It is understood  " that if some tangible proof or assurance were  "given by the 0. P. R.<e officials that operations  " looking  to   the 'construction of new lines, or  "the extension of the one now under construc-  " tion���������so  as   to   give   communication   by  rail  " the year round with Nelson���������will be carried  "on, the citizens of that burgh would not  be so  " hostile to that company and so determined to  "secure a southern outlet, as it is very evident  " they now are.    Why this could not   be given  " in due time, no doubt, will  be made known."  The people of the lake country do not want tangible proofs of the ability of the Canadian Pacific to build railways, they want-competing railways built, and built at once.    There is no good  reason   why any  section   of   British   Columbia  should be fenced off as a preserve for any one  railway  company.    That  it   will  take  time to  thoroughly develop this section of the province  is admitted, but if the policy advocated by the  World is pursued, the time will depend entirely  on the whims of one railway company.  The people of the Kootenay Lake country are  not hostile to the Canadian Pacific railway, as  the organs of that corporation are trying to  make it appear. The people of the lake country  merely want to be in the same position as are  the people of Victoria and New Westminster,  that is, independent of the C. P. R.  Robert Robson, a citizen of Revelstoke, in a  letter to the Star, insinuates that mr. Kellie, in  making the statement, "I am going to Victoria  to look after the interests of the miners," meant  The Miner of Nelson in particular. Mr. Robson does inr. Kellie an injustice. The Miner  of Nelson stands on its own bottom, and has  never asked mr. Kellie or any other official for  favors, and, what is more, as long as it is owned  by its present owners, never will.  Now that the ports of Brazil have been formally declared open to American imports included in the terms of the reciprocity treaty,  the agents in Brazil of English mercantile  houses and their Democratic and Mugwump  friends in the United States will, perhaps, admit  that there is some possibility of the convention  taking effect. It is a disagreeable confession of  the effectiveness of Republican policy, but it is  only the first of  many which they will have to  make, - _____ , -  In making appropriations aggregat ing $36,000  for roads, streets, bridges, and wharves in West  Kootenay the government- has not -treated the  district illiberally, and inr. Kellie has certainly  -.secured as much as his district was fairly entitled to; If the appropriation is carefully and  judiciously expended  no portion of the district  factually needing roads and trails will be without  them in the fall. _____  A Washington special says that Blaine will  reject Canada's proposals for reciprocity, as the  oply result would be to open the markets of the  United States to the farmers of Ontario and  Quebec without, any corresponding advantage to.  e.the United States. This correspondentrhay or  may not know Blaine's intentions, but lie certainly does not -understand,' the fact that the interchange would be to the advantage of the  United States alone. Canada needs not only  the cotton of the souths but the early fruits of  the Pacific coast and the hard flinty wheat of  the Dakotas, while the United States needs only  the barley of Ontario.  No more ''servile servant, of corporations ever  occupied high official position than the present  accidental governor of the state of Washington.  The people of that state should encompass his \  neck with a brass collar, labelled "Corporation  Tool," then use a rope in suspending the collar  from the limb of a tree. Officials like Laughton  do more to jeopardize tlie liberties of the people  than the members of assassin societies like those  recently treated to a dose of lynch law in New  Orleans.   The experimental steamer now nearly'ready  for her trial trip at Baltimore, seems ..to be: a  sort of application of the British sailing-cutter  principle to steamers. It is an attempt to obtain  speed by unusual length, narrow beam, and a  weighted kee 1 to keep the vessel right side up.  Thirty-five-miles an hour is the estimated speed  of this craft. She also has something peculiar  about the arrangement of her screw.-which is expected to increase its efficiency. It will''do' to-  wait for her performance before accepting or  condemning the new craft, but it is evident that  American ingenuity is at work on the problem  of steam navigation, and under the influence of  encouraging laws it will be pretty sure to come  to the front, before long.  it is beyond the average man's comprehension  why it is that in all disputes between employers  and employees that the former 'always act  within the law to carry their point, and that  the latter always violate it in attempting to win.  There is something either radically wrong in the  make-up of the employees or damnably rotten  in the laws and courts of the country. Which  is it ? _____  En_rland and France have agreed to submit  the Newfounland case to arbitration. The decision is likely to be against the colonists. They  have complained more about British apathy  than French encroachment, and the imperial  government has replied by referring them to  treaty engagements. As a matter of law a century or two old France will probably have the  best of the argument. England cares nothing  about the matter, except for the sake of quieting secession agitation in Newfoundland.  __fl  i  -J-fcCfti'! THE   MI_IEH:    NELSON,   B. C,   SATUEDAY,  APEIL   _,   1891.  Dealers in Dry Gfoods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  '.'���������* The stock is-full-and comnletein everyDepartment, and the public\ will find it to their advantage to call and inspect G-oods  ^ <������������������        , and compare Prices. *'���������'���������:  Main Street, EEYELSTGKE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  A WIISSTJLE   T3IAT   S������IItfg>EI>  ITS OWN  WELCOME.  Owing to the non-arrival of the instruments  for the Nelson brass  band, the Galena's whistle  had to sound  its own  welcome on Wednesday  forenoon, as the boat steamed down  the finest  stretch of still water in  British Columbia.    Although not sounded through brass instruments,  the welcome accorded  to captain Hay ward, engineer Sweet, and purser Cole (was none the less  genuine and hearty) by the hundred odd people  who had assembled on the Citizens' wharf.   The  Galena left Bonner's Ferry on   the afternoon of  March 29th; but owing to the low stage of water  on the bar about, a mile below her landing, she  was unable to get across  it until the following  day at noon.    Monday night she tied up at the  custom      house;     and    the    next      day     had  to     lay   at     the     head   of   the"   lake   for   a  couple of hours because of the roughness of the  lake.   She made Ainsworth at 6 o'clock Tuesday  and Nelson at 11 o'clock Wednesday, having remained over night at the Blue Bell.  She brought  through about 40 tons of freight and 20 passengers.    About half the freight was for the Lind-  sey Mercantile-Company .of Spokane Fails, who  are establishing a branch house at Ainsworth.  The Nelson freight was for R. E. Lemon and J.  Fred. Hume & Co.    Captain Hay ward,  reports  little freight at the landing, and until such time  as the business will warrant if, the Galena will  make but one trip a week, leaving  the  landing  at Bonner's Ferry on Mondays and arriving at  Nelson on Tuesdays.  A   Untied   Slates   Custom   Mouse   at -the   Boundary.  As a recognition of the commercial importance of the camps in the Kootenay Lake country, the United States treasury department will  establish a custom's office af a point near the  boundary line. Collector Sullivan of Fort: Ben-  tor has been instructed to select the site, and is  expected at Kootenai, Idaho, next week. This  will allow bonded goods to be shipped through  the United States without delay at either Tacoma or Kootenai station. While it is not  known definitely whether the Northern Pacific  will build the branch from Kootenai station to  the] river, it is common rumor on the outside  that arrangements are being perfected, and that  when commenced the work will be rushed  through with all possible speed.  James   <fc_i������cg Crosses tflte iftark Stiver.  Tuesday   afternoon    last    an   old-timer,  bruised   and   battered   in   struggling  with   the  On  'a  world, crossed   the  dark   river.     James   Quip-p-  was born 6S years ago in York county, New  Brunswick, and passed his boyhood days amid  backwoods surroundings and scenes that left  their impress on his character. Before leaving  New Brunswick, in 1854, he followed tow-boating and lumbering for a living, and is said to  have been an expert river driver. In 1861 he  was in Minnesota, and was at Red Wing during  the Indian massacre. From Minnesota he  drifted up the Red River valley to Winnipeg,  and from'Winnipeg crossed the plains to British Columbia. He was a well-known character  in Cariboo, at Wild Horse creek, and in the Big  ������fc  Bend country, and followed the trade of packing. Of late years he has lived at Revelstoke  and Nelson, coming to the latter place in 1889.  While always willing to work, or lend a helping  hand to those in distress, he was too old to labor  continuously, and at the time of his death was  possessed of no property of value. While at  times crusty in disposition, the influence of good  , cheer always made him mellow and companionable. Then it was that he would relate thrilling  stories of the perils of river driving, one of his*  favorite expressions in silencing a "tenderfoot"  being, "Why, 1 have rode the dry side of a log  in white water, when you wouldn't dare stand  on the bank and throw rocks in the stream."  On Wednesday his remains were followed to  their last resting place in the Nelson cemetery  by a large number of citizens.  An Appropriation Well   Expended.  Until this  winter the appropriations for improving the channel of the Columbia river were  expended on work that proved of little value.  This winter* the. work was under the superintendence of men who seemed to know what to  do, and the result is the channel below Sproat  even now is navigable for boats drawing 6 feet  of  water.    The lower rapids  extend  for a distance of 600 feet.    From   these  rapids  all   the  large boulders and rocks have either been blown  up  or  removed,   and  there   is   fully  3   feet   of  water in the channel.    About 700 yards above  the rapids is a riffle 250 feet in length.    The bottom of this riffle has been dragged, and dredged,  so  that the present stage of water is as good  as that  on the  rapids.     Cribs and   wing-dams  have also been put in to confine the water in  the channel, and it is expected that the current  will gradually  wash the quicksand  and gravel  so as to deepen the channel in  several places.  Alec Lindquist was in charge of the crew who  did the work, and that he had good men under  him is proved   by the fact that "captain" Jack  Evans,   Paul  Anderson,   Charlie   Holden,  Tom  Downs, Billy Sanders, George Spinks, and Mai-,  com Ross were some of them.  A Country with  a 4������ootf Reputation.  From  all reports  brought in by the boys, the  Kootenay   Lake   country   is   pretty   generally  known and talked of on the outside. No country can better stand discussion, for within its  limits are mines equalled by but few in the United States, and prospects that only need capital  to prove their worth. No mining country has a  better reputation���������a reputation, too, that has in  no way been exaggerated. Like The Miner,  all the boys who went outside told the whole  truth, and nothing but the truth, about the  country which they are developing and upbuild in _r.  will do all kinds of  CLEARING AND CONTRACT WORK  in and about  Estimates given on work.  Postoffice address, Nelson.  The West  Kootenay Mining Company,  (Foreign).  Registered the 23rd day of February, 1891.  CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION.  This is to certify that I have this day registered "The  West Kootenay Mining Company," (Foreign), under the  "Companies Act," Part IV., "Registration of Foreign  Companies."  The objects for which the company is established are :  To purchase and own mines and mining claims and real  property in the United States and Canada; also within  said localities to acquire water rights, tunnel rights and  other operating rights; also to own and operate mills, concentrating and reduction works and machinery, to reduce  ores, produce and refine bullion, and to selLor otherwise  dispose of same; also to buy, sell, or otherwise dispose of  any mining property or bullion or other property-1, and to  do any and all things necessary to carry on a general mining, milling, and smelting business, and for such purposes  to buy, construct, use, or sell flumes, ditches, tramways,  railways, water-ways, or boat lines or transit or transportation lines necessary for the business aforesaid.  The amount of the capital stock of the company is one  million dollars, and the mimber of shares into which it is  divided is one hundred thousand of the par value of ten  dollars each.  The term of the existence of the said company is fifty  years. ,  The place of business of the said company is located at  Ainsworth, Kootenay lake, British Columbia.  In testimony whereof I have hereto set my hand and  affixed my seal of office this 23rd day of February, 1891, at  the city of Victoria, in the province of British Columbia.  C. J. LEGGATT,  ..       Registrar of joint stock companies.  NOTICE.               - ~~  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the parliament of Canada at its next session for an act to  incorporate a company with  power to  construct, equip,  operate, and maintain a line of electric telegraph and telephone from Sproats Landing on the Columbia river, in  Kootenay district, to the boundary line of the province of  British   Columbia,  together   with all   necessary powers,  rights and privileges.  Dated at Victoria, B. C, this 12th day of January, 1891.  CHARLES WILSON, solicitor for applicants.  McIntyre & Code, Ottawa agents. ___     ���������'    .      \,  NOTICE.  During my absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurbu.rn  of Baker street holds my'po\ver-6f-attorney, and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the land act.  CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, JIS90.    .__.  TIMBER   LEASE.  Notice is hereby given, that thirty days after date we intend making application to the chief commissioner of lands  and works for permission to lease for lumbering purposes,  for a term of twenty-five years, the following-described,  tract of land situate in West Kootenay district. British  Columbia: Commencing at a post 10chains south of northeast corner post of M. S. Davys's limit; thence east 20  chains; thence south 80 chains; thence >.east 80 chains;  thence south 80 chains ; thence, east40 chains ; thence south'  100 chains ; thence west 100 chains ; thence north 100 chains:  thence.'west. 20 chains; thence north 80 chains to point 0f  commencement; and containing 1800acres, more or less.  NELSON SAWMILL COM!������ANY,  By M. S. Davys and J. W. Toi-son.  Nelson, B. C, February 2nd, 1891.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and A. O. Fry  have tiled tlie necessary papers, and made application for  a crown grant in favor of the Grizzly Bear mineral claim,  situated at Toad Mountain, West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, arc requested to forward their  objections to me within GO* days from the date of this publication. G. C. TUNSTALL,  _iicvelstojke. January_29th, 1891.        Gold_coi_n_miss_ioncr.__  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and A. C. Fry  have filed tlie necessary papers and .made application for  a crown grant in favor of a mineral claim known as tlie Silver Queen, situated in the Toad Mountain subdivision,  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections tome within (JO days from the date of this publication. G. (J. TUNSTALL,  Revelstoke, January 29th, 1891.        Gold commissioner.  l,<____t_mB^M>M_tmHWiiiW^  tBtfl!(l&waM^ffiWMW^m^MA!HMii������M)UMJii,iai THE  MINEEi    NELSON,   B, 0.,   SATUEDAY,  APEIL 4,   1891.  THE   'DEVIJLS    OF    WAK.  There is something terribly menacing in the  "ping" of a musket hall as it cuts the air above  the heads of .men. in line���������-something to try the  nerves of the bravest, in the rush of a sol id shot/  hut of all the devils in Avar the scream of a shell  is the wickedest.    A boom-shell flies with along  "w-o-u-s-h!" souiethiiisr-. like the rush   of a big  sky-rocket,   and1 there  are   shells   used   by  the  light artillery   which  fly with a  sort  of  long-  dra\vu sigh, not at all terrifyiug.    But the man  who hears the scream of a Whitworth shell will  neverd'orgef (lie sound to, the day of his death.  It is tlie concentration" of the war-hoop of an  Indian, the snarl of a; tiger, and, the scream of a  woman in mortal, terror. It begins 'afar off with  a muttered threat of vengence; it grows upon  the, ear with a howl as of wolves in pursuit of  the lone traveler; ..it comes nearer with shrieks  of baffled rage; it is at hand with a scream  which can be likened to nothing but the cries of  a mob, mad for death and destruction.  1 have seen a, dozen men killed by these'Whit-,  worth shells, and I verily believe that most of  them were so terrified by the sounds, thai: they  suffered nothing in the moment of death. One  could tell, after a few experiences,-whether the  shell was in the direct line or to the right or left,  but the coming ever brought a feeling of helplessness���������a sort of dumb terror which held the  limbs captive. One could not have run away  had he so desired; but where could one run to?  Who could say just where these terrors would  fall���������the instant they were to explode and send  their fragments hither and thither to search out  and claim their victims?  Duriug the civil war in the United States,  while the blockaders lay off the mouth of  ���������Gape Fear river, North Carolina, two or three of.  the Whitworth guns were in constant use by  the Confederates. They had a range of six miles  and were almost as accurate as rifles. Whenever a blockader ventured within range by  daylight, she became a, target for a Whitworth.  If the wind was off. shore shore we could hear  one of the."devils" almost as soon as it left the  muzzle of the gun. Its flight, began with a  shriek of fiendish glee, changed to a moan of  agony, rose to a scream for vengeance, and the  last quarter of a mile was a combination of  scream and shriek which brought the hair on  end and the'cold'-chills to the spine. The man  who pretended not ��������� to fear them was a base  hypocrite. Our vessel was struck two or three  times, and on five or six occasions had close-  calls, but the shells which struck were no more  terrifying than those which dropped into the  water'with the hiss of a monster serpent a hundred feet away. ������  To be killed by a shell bursting at the instant  of contact means more than death. It means  such complete annihilation as can be 'effected in  no other manner on earth, except by the explosion of gunpowder or nitro-glycerine. The victim may see a, flash, hear a roar, but it must  come in the.fiftieth part of a second. The vengeance of man grants him the merest iota of time.  Those to the right and left see a Hash of flame-  and hear an explosion and a "w-h-i-n-g!" of  fragments, but the victim���������perhaps the man on  his immediate right or left.���������has been blotted off  the face of the earth, as if he had never existed.  When the roar of battle has died away to a low  growl; when the growl has become an occasional  mutter; when the mutter had- lapsed to a gasp,  in which a man in blue or gray yields up his life  to.a stray bullet, we will make a search. There  is blood on the. .parched grass, bits -of burned  clothing on limb and bush, a lock of hair here  and there with a bit of scalp attached. We may  find a button or two, a broken and twisted gun-  barrel or bayonet, the'visor of a soldier's cap.  That is all. These are tlie relics���������the fragments  ���������of a soldier struck by a shell. That is, they  may be. Sometimes not even a button is found  ���������nothing but a splash on the earth to show that  blood and fragments fell there.���������"M. Quad," in  the Detroit Free Press.  Xot Kc_i;irlini>Ic .for BBer Beauty.  The question of Cleopatra's beauty is an old  one, but it has been brought into fresh prominence by Sardou's "Cleopatra" and mrs. Lang-  try's revival of Shakespeare's play. The only  authentic portrait of Cleopatra that is known to  archaeologists is a bust which appears on a series  of coins. It. is on the reverse, and bears the inscription in Creek, '''Queen' Cleopatra, the Divine, the Younger," while on the, obverse is a  portrait of "Anthony, Dictator for the Third  Time, Triumvir." The workmanship of the coin  is far from good, and this accounts in some  measure for the. undeniably plain-appearance of  the: queen. Yet the likeness, so far as the features go, is a true one, for the other coins of the  same series',' though of a different type, give her  the same features���������an aquiline nose, a strong  chin, a long neck and narrow shoulders. The  fact is that her beauty was not so remarkable  as one would think from the spell she-cast over  . . Oassar and Anthony. Plutarch, for instance,  tells us "that her beauty in itself c was by no  means incomparable nor calculated to amaze  those who saw her," but adds that the magnetic  charm of her mariner, the gracefulness of her  "movements, the persuasiveness of her conversa-  tion, and her /figure' were most attractive.  <2. <>. ISticItanan a_������l "Tlie Miner" Agree.  However far. apart may the views of Gf. O.  Buchanan be from those of The Miner on unrestricted reciprocity, his views on the propriety of the government making appropriations  for opening streets and building a wharf at Nelson agree with those of The Miner. ..As long as  the government occupies the position of a town-  site speculator it should do as speculators do,  that is, make improvements that will enhance  the value of the unsold portion of their property/. The following letter_ to, the Revelstoke  "Star explains mr. Buchanan's position :  Editor Kootenay Star���������Sir: I am q noted  in your issue of January 31st as saying in a public meeting at Nelson that we in the Kootenay  Lake country wanted; seven times our share, of  the appropriations for this year. From, this remark of mine justification is argued- for the  action of the Revelstoke people in petitioning  for somewhat liberal grants for Revelstoke and  its immediate vicinity. Strange as it may appear I had no thought or reference to a contest  to be engaged in with the rest of the district  over a division of the actual amount of money  that mr. Kellie might be able to secure for West  Kootenay in the way of an ordinary appropriation. I'referred, as the president said, to a condition, not a theory. I was speaking not so  much of what we might, get, or ought to get, as  of what we needed, and I mentioned some  special circumstances which I thought fairly entitled us to ask for a large sum from the government, even if it should be given as a loan or advance. As for instance the fact that the three  saw-mills in operation here will ��������� pay into the  provincial treasury during 1891 at least $5000,  and probably a continually increasing sum annually for many years to come.  That while this is so the men engaged in the  lumber business are left to .drag" their ���������dumber  ' oyer the-mud flats and through the boulder encumbered shallows of Nelson landing, and to  take the risk of. lumber deliveries on the unsheltered shore at Ainsworth. Five thousand  dollars, the exact amount for one year's receipt  for timber leases and royalties would build  wharves at both places that would last for fifty  years, wharves that would not only accommodate the lumber interests, but which are an immediate and absolute necessity for the general  traffic of the lake.  . Similarly in regard to streets, etc., in Nelson.  As the government holds proprietory rights in  the townsite, as they have already received a  good many thousands for lots sold, and have,  still the bulk of the site in their hands, which is  certain to bring them hundreds of thousands-  more, and as money spent in improvements will  inure to the immediate financial benefit, of the  province -by enhancing the value of the unsold  portion', the citizen's think that they may reasonably ask for the expenditure'of-a sum of money  upon said improvements without being open to  the imputation of seeking to rob the rest of the  district.  My remarks were.made at an early stage of  the 'meeting and the motion in regard to a  "lump appropriation" was made by another  gentlemen put before its close. There was not  the connection between the two that you  imagine.  On a former occasion the Star did me the  honor of quoting me as advising my fellow citizens of Nelson ''not to be afraid to ask for too  much," and my remark was make  to apply to  money 0111' of the provincial treasury, whereas  it really referred to lineal feet of water frontage  on the Nelson shore.  We were granted the extent of shore that we  asked for and I venture, to say that no reader of  the Star has considered himself any poorer in  consequence.  On. appropriations in general allow me* to remark that 1 for bne will be glad when all forms  of subsidy. Dominion and provincial, with all-  .the pauperising and degrading incidents that  they carry in their train, shall" be utterly abolished.    Yours trulv, G. O. Buchanan.  February 25th, 1891.   ;  ra    __3������ES  The undersigned, is prepared to do operative  deiitistry at his office, on Stanley street, from  2 to 4 lJ. ;M.  (Sundays".excepted).     All   work  ,     guaranteed for one year.   Terms strictly cash.  '  - E. G. ARTHUR,, A,  Nelson, B. C., February 27th, 1891.     .  this- ssMCBi:  as 'isESiH&YEi*  for,  D.  DRUGGIST.  Main Street, Revelstoke, - B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DRUGS,   PATENT  MEDICINES,  and every thing'" usually-kept in first-class  ���������    , ������������������    drugstores.   <      ,  G8GARS    AT    WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and "bed-room sets ranging in  price from $0.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will recede early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  N STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  _____  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, GonYeyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims ; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and. abstracts, of title for same furnished:  ������������������Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C'.  WEST   KOOTENAY   DISTEICT.  Notice is hereby given that assessed and provincial revenue taxes for L891. are now due and payable at my office,  Nelson, at the following rates:  fff ]>ai<I   on.  or  before  the  30th  June.  One-half of one .per cent on the assessed value of real  estate;  One-third, of one per cent on the assessed value of personal property;  Seven and one-half cents per acre on wild land.  Bf paid  on or after  the  1st  .Inly.  Two-thirds of one percent on. the assessed value of real  estate;  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value of personal  property;.  Eight and one-half cents per acre on wild land.  T. H. GIFF1N, assessor and collector.  Nelson, February 10th, 1801.  ������������.->    "~^_?f*;  -&_ LL ...--. --^?^^-^<^5__^S^-  i������^2<ZL  MOT8GE.  A sitting of the Countv Court   will be held at Nelson on  the 22nd dav of April next. T. H. GIFFIN, registrar.  March 20th, 1891.  _���������  K * -* * jwtmiws*���������msmia  l^^^_^_^^_^^_j'^_!5=*_-^^?������i^w^  THE  MINEE:NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  APRIL 4,   1891.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.        T.   &   H.   M AD D E N  NELSON,  B.  C. Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with ei. frontage towards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.        ������  ���������:.��������� -  u-;_? _HC 23      TABLE  is supplied with everything in the market, the  kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   SS   STOCKED  WITH THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  Comer West .Vernon and Stanley Streets,,NELSON, B. C.  ONLY TWO-STORY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE   IS   NOT  SURPAS  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM-IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  ���������e  The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  .NELSON, IS. ���������_.'  SON   Sl   MAHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  Th������ reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  CREAM   OF- TBIE   WORLD'S -.NEWS.'  At New (York on March 26th bar silver was quoted at  97|- cents and lead at ������1.35. __  At Kingston, Ontario, it is stated in local railway circles  that the New York Central proposes building a bridge  across the river St. Lawrence from Carringtoii, New York,  to Cornwall, Ontario, and then running a line to Sault St.  Marie, at the foot of lake Superior, where connection will  be made with the railway systems of the northwest.  Koch's cure for consumption, which has been on trial at  the Toronto hospital for the past 3 months, is now declared  by the authorities to be a failure. Of the patients who  have been under its treatment 1 has died, 2 have temporarily recovered sufficiently to leave the institution, and the  remainder, about 20 in number, are hopelessly drifting  towards their filial goal. The best that can be said of the  lymph is that it temporarily alleviates mild cases of tuberculosis.- ��������� . < " :������������������  Revelstoke Star: March 21st: A Chinese company have  begun operations in placer mining on the benches and bars  about 2 miles up the Columbia river from Revelstoke on  this side of the river. They are satisfied they can at least  make $3 to the man, and will employ 30 men if that number can be worked to advantage.  From a street joke la grippe has become generally a dangerous disease at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. The death  rate is swelling rapidly and for March will break the record by the alarming increase of 15 percent. The direct  cause of so many deaths are la grippe, influenza, pneumonia, typhoid, and diptheria. La Grippe is daily growing  more severe, and on March 24th the number of its victims  are nearly 5000 in, the city and suburbs. Physicians are  overworked, and some have as high as ������0 to 60 cases of la  grippe alone.  At noon on March 20th all the mines belonging to the  Anaconda company, at Butte, Montana, the greatest copper producer in the world, were shut down because of a  disagreement on rates with the Montana Union railway,  which hauls ore from Butte to the smelters at Anaconda,  a distance of 28 miles. The smelters will follow the example of the mines as soon as the ore on hand is treated. The  shut-down throws 3000 men out of work. The railway  company raised the rate per ton about one-third, and  rather than aceeed to it the smelter will build a road of its  own. ..  A cablegram from London says the Pelican club has offered a purse of $4000 for a fight between Ted Pritchard  and Jack Dempsey, allowing Dempsey $500 for expenses.  The contest in Cariboo district resulted in the return of  the present member, Frank S. Barnard of Victoria. With  two precincts to hear from, the vote stood: Barnard 210,  Watt 188.  Representative Moon, Democratic leader in the legislature of Nebraska, is dying. He was poisoned by some unknown enemy. When the fact was announced it caused a  big sensation. It is said that a corporation he is opposing  is responsible for the foul deed.  On the afternoon of March 20th Helena, Montana, was  treated to theseverest shaking up she has received since  the earthquake four years ago. No buildings fell but glass  was shivered in several windows in different parts of the  town and in several cases the occupants of houses rushed  into the street expecting the roof to come in on them. At  one of the telegraph offices a night operator -was taking a  nap in a back room and the concussion was so great that  he was thrown off the lounge onto the floor.  As an indication of the size of the towns in Alberta there  were polled at the late Dominion election 650 votes at Calgary, 384 at Lethbridge, 247 at Macleod, 222 at Edmonton,  and 120 at Pincher creek. Davis received 2742 votes in the  district, and Reilly 935.  One of the last acts of queen Victoria before leaving for  the continent, on March 25th, was to respond to an appeal  for help from the Leper hospital on Robin island, off the  cape of Good Hope, by ordering that two photographs of  herself with her signature attached should be forwarded  to the institution.  England's boast that the South Africa gold mines would  out-produce all the gold mines in the United States has not  been verified. The yield for 1S90 was $8,655,000, less by over  $1,000,000 than the product of the state of California alone  for the same period.  The Irish Times of Dublin prints an article which has  created a profound sensation. The Times asserts it is not  unlikely in the near future that a series of desperate plots  against the British government will come to light, that  will recall the former periods of dynamite conspiracies.  It is known, says the Times, that a number of agents of  the American branch of the Glan-na-gael and of the still  more extensive organizations of the Fenians in America  are now in London under constant surveillance of the  police.  The latest advices concerning the situation in Chili say  the condition of affairs there is intolerable and the end of  the contest is not far off. The governors of Caldera and  Tultene have joined the insurgents. Both sides are massacring every prisoner taken in cold blood. The overthrow  of president. Balmaceda is now regarded as certain.  Dr. Whctham of Vancouver died at his residence in that  city on the night of the 22nd of March. He was one of  Vancouver's ablest and most popular citizens. There  were few more philanthropic or public-spirited men in the  province than dr. Whetham, and his faith in Vancouver  was one of his great characteristics. The deceased was  quite a young man, being in his thirty-seventh year. He  was born in Wentworth county, Ontario, and received a  good education, studying medicine in Toronto and New  York. Dr. Whethauf owned a good deal of property in  Vancouver and was interested in nearly all the great enterprises in that city. He was also one of the first men in  Vancouver to interest himself in the mining business in  East Kootenay district.  Lord Tennyson, although 82, will write a song for the  opening of the world's fair at Chicago. The great republic  cannot well get along without assistance from the old folk.  Are  We in Banger of Leprosy?  Word has reached Ottawa from Victoria of  the discovery of 6 cases of leprosy right in the  heart of the city, which the Chinamen were eu-  c^eavoring to conceal.    It appears it became necessary for the municipal authorities to drive a  large number of Chinamen from their hovels,  which were erected on the ground required for  building a market hall.    The stampede disclosed  the fact that 6 Chinese lepers, in the worst stage  of the disease,  have been dwelling with their  countrymen in the vacant hovels.    Two of them  were  subsequently found,   but 4  of   them  are  still in hiding.    Their friends refuse to disclose  their place of hiding.    Upon hearing the facts  deputy minister of agriculture Lowe Ordered an  investigation  by the local medical officers, and  an expert will be dispatched to the Pacilie coast  to follow the matter up.    The worst feature of  the case is that the Chinamen who have been secreting these,ljepers do the washing for the citizens of Victoria, and it is impossible to say to  what extent the disease has been communicated  in this way among the white population.    The  Miner has repeatedly urged the people of the  lake country, and those of Nelson in particular,  to take prompt action in expelling the Chinese  from their midst.   The government's agent here  has already notified all Chinese squatters to remove from  government  land, and  the people  should follow this action  up by keeping them  moving once they are in motion.    Will they do  it now, or will  they wait until   Chinese wash-  house opium dens  are established   in  half the  blocks of the������town, not only furnishing retreats  for' degraded   white men and women but hospitals for lepers ?",., They will wait!  KOOTENAY HOTEL  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  >rE���������SO_, 15. C.  SODERBERG  & JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE  TABLE  is  acknowledged   the best  in the mountains.  T__l__   _3___R  is stocked with  the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  KALFOBiK,   B..C.  FLINT & GALLOP, Proprietors.  The BALFOUR commands a fine view of the Outlet and  Lake, and will be kept second to no hotel in  Hot Springs district.  Balfour is easily accessible to the mines in  Hot Springs  district, and.is in the center of a large area of mineral country not yet prospected.    It is also .  ���������       within easy distance of the Kootenay  Lake and Pilot Bay sawmills.  TRAIL CREEK, B. C.  W.   R.   POBJB/TON fi'KOB-KJETOK  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in .the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietor being a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied "with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with *.hoice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons pure rye  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  Will purchase lot 3 in block 11 (tlie lot is between dr.  Arthur's drug store and mr. Ellis's assay office). Terms:  ������195 cash ; balance, October loth, 1891. Apply to Houston,  Ink & Allan, U East Baker street.  mi  Kfi?  1-'     ML _i 'L  Q_  W  8  THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   B APEIL  _,  1891.  Main Street,  REVELSTOEE  Railroad Avenue,  SPROAT.  vvr_f_:o_ii--is_____._������i j^jstjd irie _?____:__.  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  JosepMne Streets  3  SMALL-    M.tf<.i������ETS   'OF   MEWS.  piles for tlic railway wharf was  The wharf will be 1G feet wide-  It is not intended for  -..Born.at'Tacoma; Washington,'on March 21st, to the wife  of A. D. Wheeler, of Ainsworth, a son. \  Personals : James E. Dolan of Kootenai station, A. H.  Kelly of Spokane Falls, Winslow Hall of Colville, John  McDonald of Colville, John W. Tolson of Nelson, Charles  Olson of Ainsworth, J. C.Rykert������of thceustom-house, A.  M. Esler of Gem, Idaho, Isaac Hold en "'.and family of Brandon, Manitoba, and G. H.--C. Wright of.Vancouver were  among those who arrived by the Galena on her first trip.  Born at Deep Creek, Idaho, to the wife of Charles Ewing,  a son. ' ..'',' ,   " '    ������������������ ���������/. ���������.'���������������������������  The road between "Kootenai station and Bonner's Ferry  will be-put in  first-class order at once.    Several miles on  the Kootenai station end will be corduroyed and a new  grade made round the bad places on the remainder.  Every  ���������effort will be made to keep freight moving.  The winter was an unusually mild-one i'n-Colville valley,  says Winslow Hall. The stock are in line condition, with  no end of hay left over. The ranchnVen in that section are  looking to this section for a market for their surplus produce, and will be within easy ���������distance on the completion  of the boat now building at Little Dalles.  The sitting of the county court at. Nelson, has been postponed from April 22nd to April 27th.  The owners of claims in the adjacent 'mining districts of  Washington arc .just a little "sore", over the fact that the  camps on" Kootenay lake are attracting the attention of  speculators and capitalists, and the mere mention of the  fact that tliere is -more money in sight in the Silver King  mine alone than in all their claims put-together makes  them jump "stiff-legged.*' Boys, the pill is a trifle bitter ;  but take it and like it. c  The. work of driving  commenced on Monday,  wide enough for a single track only.  a wharf on which to land passengers.  J. C, Rykcrt, collector of custoins;and ranchman at the,  boundary line, had bad luck with his first batch of 112  spring chickens. When nearly a month old, a sudden  cold snap laid them all low. He has another batch of 100  hatched. .From these, and the eggs laid by 200 hens, to say  nothing of the produce of his dairy of II cows, mr. Rykcrt  expects to ina.ke a good cl can-up by fall.  Tlie boundary line's sage, philosopher, and hotel-keeper,  Mike Driscoll, returned on the Galena, from a trip to Spokane Falls. Mr. Driscoll is convinced that Spokane Falls  has a great future ahead of it; but that.it would be a. more  ���������desirable'place for respectable people if it had'fewer  "hobos." .���������  The boys sometimes make a mistake in sizing up ���������new'  arrivals, but not of ten. On Wednesday they mistook A.  H. Kelly of the Dandy for a full-fledged capitalist, all because he had on a suit of captain Hay ward's clothes. On  the clown ..trip of the Galena mr. Kelly made a misstep and  fell backwards into 25 feet of the coldest and purest water  in North,America ; hence the change of apparel.  Mr. Gifiin very properly refuses squatters permission to  erect "shacks" on-lots' that have been ottered for sale by  the government. These squatters imagine ^they have a  right, to erect unsightly "shacks" wherever they please  and care nothing for the rights of men, often as poor as  themselves, who have purchased lots and made permanent  improvements.  A Kootenay Indian named Alexander died at Nelson on  Sunday night of la grippe.' His remains were taken to tlie  Indian burial ground, near "Dave" McLaughlin's ranch  at the boundary line. He left a large family, several of  them young in years.  A barge with lumber from Buchanan's sawmill is now  being unloaded at the Citizen's wharf.  Wilson & Perdue will open a meat market at Ainsworth  next week. Mr. Perdue is now up in Kootenay valley after  beef cattle, and the firm expects to have an ample supply  of fresh beef in both their Nelson and Ainsworth markets  by Wednesday next. ,  Nelson's pioneer barber, after spending his summer's  earnings on the outside, has relumed to make another  poker stake. His advertisement, appears in another column.  The  Construction   Traan ������_*c*v   ISesumc   Operations.  It is reported that a large number of people  are at Revelstoke awaiting the starting of the  first boat down  the Columbia, but an arrival is  not expected at Sproat before the, 15th. "Billy"  El son and "Ed" Powers of the construction  train crew came, in to Sproat by way of Marcus,  and the work train is now operating in the  vicinity of Sproat. Mr. Powers, who takes tbe  place of "Dave" Morton as engineer, is considered  one of the best men that ever ran an engine over  the Selkirks.  ��������� -   c Tlae Slocan Ferry.  By a notice dated 12th of April, 1890, surveyor-  o ' '    -'  general  Gore  called for tenders for maintaining   and   operating   ferries   across  the  Slocan  andKootenay rivers, at points where the government trail crosses these rivers, for one year  from June 1st, 1890.   The tender of the ''Canadian;  Pacific was accepted.    Although the ferry at the  Slocan   was operated at the  point designaf ed,  the one a.crpss the Kootenay was not. The ferry  across that stream was put in at a point 10 miles  distant froin the trail crossing.    While the public were in no great measure discommoded by  the violation of the contract, the action taken  by the railroad company plainly goes to show  that   it does as i t pi eases i ne carry!n g out con -  tracts  with  the  provincial  government.     The  ferries were abandoned in the fall, and now that  travel has again  commenced, the rapid  Slocan  cannot be crossed without great risk.     For the  faithful carrying out of the contract a bond of  $1000 was exacted.    The government should declare that bond forfeited and order some one to  operate   the Slocan ferry  at   once.    .Will  they  doit? _   _ _______  J_cal  B_stat.c A������lvasicine in Price.  Nelson real estate has taken a spurt upwards  in the last ten davs, and 50-foots are now firm at  $600.to. $1200, 30-foots at $300 to $750, and 25-foot  building conditions at. $150 to $350. This week  E. R. Atherton sold lots 21 and 22 block 10 (25-  foot building.conditions) to John W. Tolson for  $600, and J. Fred Hume lot 8 block 8 (a 30-foot  with .building) to John Johnson and M. D. Ma-  honey for $2000.   A  Shaft Cosiinieneed  on tlae 'Btaniocrat.  A half interest.in the Democrat, a likely Toad  mountain claim, was sold this week to J. E. Boss  of Spokane Falls. Development work was commenced at once, John R. Cook being awarded  the contract for sinking a shaft. '.The Democrat  is near the Iroquois, and its present owners expect to make it a mine before they quit it.  cA.-t  NOTICE.  A sitting of the County Court will be held at Nelson on  the 27th clav of April next, T. H. GIFFIN, registrar.  March 20th, 1891.  ?  The Pioneer Barber Shop  ____   __i-  s___i_^T-.__"_rD  pnoruiETon.  SHAVING,   HAIR  CUTTING, SHAMPOOING,  all in artistic style and at the usual prices.  Will put in bath-rooms as soon as a suitable building can  be rented.    Shop at present in Edson & Co's restaurant, 13 East Baker street.  L  <=���������������''  AND  AT  <_a*c  Walsh's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET.  Posiofliice Store,   Nelson,   IS. C.  AND -GENTS' PUE_TISEI_TG- GOODS.  ALSO,-. FULL LINES  OF  ^  2  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  L   _9  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  %yg fan  TE AND MIN  C  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing'documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  i_-/  oio__  Pianos, Organs, Sewing Machines,  FOK  SALE  CSIKAF.  Wholesale and retail,  handled.  None but first-class instruments  A. J. ROSS, Calgary, Alberta.  Vl. .-Iff.  ?i_H__:


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