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The Miner Apr 30, 1892

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Array AP--  i/i.y~  The Mines in  Kootenay are Anions  the Richest in  America.  The Ores are  Iligh-Gra<Ic in Gold,  Silver, Copper,  and Lead.  NUMBEE 96.  NELSON,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  APEIL   30,   1892.  $4 A YEiE.  JUST    A   TRIFLE    OUT    OF    PLACE.  The following article, headed " Canadian Cus-  sedness," is from the Bonnets Ferry Herald of  the 22nd instant. It is just a trine out of place,  and the Herald would do well to, be sure of its  facts before publishing such foolish statements.  The owners of th^ Spokane have -been.-treated  courteously, not only by the people who do  business in the Kootenay Lake towns, but by  the customs authorities, and if its officers would  let iternant tooth carpenters and other's understand that the boat would not; carry contraband goods at any price, they would not need  to be so fearful of being entrapped into committing violations of the customs laws :  ''Our  neighbors  across  the   line   have   been  guilty of several acts during the past few days  that show them up in anything but an  enviable  light.    The'first was a bluff concerning  the carrying  of   bonded   gOods.    The  customs officers  on the other side have declared that only British  bottoms could carry bonded goods into Canada,  thus  trying to hog the w hole bonded '.carrying  trade for their vessels.    It is unnecessary to say  that  collector Dolan of this port did not take  kindly  to   the  proposition.    He  says   that the  only orders he has in relation to bonded goods  are to see them safely out of the country as expeditiously as possible, and if an American boat  is  in   port  he. will, load  that vessel with such  -bonded   goods as may be in his custody,  and if  the Canadian ^authorities want;to work  ii hardship   on their; people by requiring a transfer at..  the boundary line, let them  be responsible for  the act,  not him.    Another sneaking trick was  an attempt to tie up the steamer  Spokane.    On  his first trip this week captain Gray was hailed  midway  in  the lake by a man in a row  boat,  who claimed that his oars were broken, and that  he was in distress and asked to be taken aboard.  The man  claimed to  be a prospector.    Captain  Gray on investigation found that the oars were  all right; also that the man  was dressed  more  like a dude than a prospector.    Suffice to say  the captain sailed  way and left the lone boatman to paddle his own canoe.    The intention  was to trump up a charge against the Spokane  of doing a coasting trade and  tie������her up.    The  Herald will state that not all the people on the  other  side   approve   of   this petty  cussedness.  Only  a  few contracted   individuals over   there  approve   of   such   proceedings,   disgraceful   to  their country and unmanly in their citizens."  - A Transportation Company that Should he ESoycotted.  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation  Company, by favoring new shippers like the  Hudson Bay Company as against, shippers who  have been doing business in the lake country  for years, is fast becoming the most unpopular  transportation company in British Columbia.  The Canadian Pacific has faults, but favoritism  is not one of them ; and when in direct coinpe-  tion with other railways, no road is more prompt  in its service. If the steamboat company had  fewer top-heavy general agents at Revelstoke  it might possibly have less trouble with its  patrons. A boycott would do it good, and the  sooner a dose is administered the better.  B21 Eftorario City.  The boys  at   Carpenter Creek   would like to  know what the government   intends to do with  regard to the lots on which houses have already  been built. There can be no doubt that,  judging from the tenor of the most recent land act, the government, intends, in  some manner, to recognise the rights of those  who have already settled and built houses in  Eldorado City. Most probably they will make  an allowance for improvements, as was the case  at Wednesday's sale of Nelson lots. All  recent legislation has been decidedly in favor of  the  genuine settler,   and  no   governing   body  could be so inconsistent as to deny privileges  to settlers in Slocan which, elsewhere, there is  no question of granting. After this date, howT  ever, no squatter's rights will be recognized���������  otherwise it would be impossible for the surveyor, who, by the bye, will be in Eldorado by  Tuesday next, to lay out a townsite for the government without taking in some of the adjoining townsites.  SALE    OF" .GOVERNMENT    LOTS    LV    NELSON.  On Tuesday the  Lytton   brought down from  Revelstoke   a    number   of   capitalists,   hailing  from the Jo ut side���������all  intent in  buying Nelson  lots.. ^.���������"-~-  At 11 p. m., Wednesday the 27th instant mi*.  Davies announced to an audience of some 200  people in J. F. Hume's store that he was there  to sell 121 lots in the government townsite of  Nelson, on the following terms: One-third  cash: one-third six months; one-third twelve  months, with interest on deferred payments at  the rate of six per cent per annum; crown  grants $5 each.  Lot 1 block 5 was   the first to be  offered for  sale,   and   was  purchased by John McLeod for'  $1,850���������-the improvements being valued at $750.  J, F. Hume bought lot 6 block 9 for $2,300,  and the adjoining lot for $1,300.  The largest price paid was for lot 7 block 9  which was purchased by H. Selous for $2,600.  H. Selous of Nelson, Captain Tatlow of Vancouver, T. F. Hume of Nelson, L. H. Webber  of Victoria,and John McLeod of ^Nelson being  the !ararest buyers." Their^puf-chales a)tnounting���������������������������  respectively to $7,000, $3,345, $i,200, $27085,  $2,925.  Fifty-nine lots were sold for a total Of $30,745, ,  being an average of $521.10 each.  The lots owned by the C. P. R. will be on the  market on Mav 2nd.  Indieations _ <Kood.  The  easiest   way  to  reach  the   Priest   Lake  country is from a, point on Kootenay river.  Fred Sutter, who is well known at Nelson, says  the locations in that district are farther north  than first reported. The claims are only about  8 miles south, of the boundary line. He and  others intend to do considerable development  work this summer and will try and ship out a  carload of ore. The country is new and but  little prospecting has been done, but the indications are good.  Will Not 'Put In a Sawmill.  G. O. Buchanan returned from Slocan lake on  Thursday, whither he had gone to make arrangements to put in a sawmill. On arriving  there, he found that a party ��������� by the name of  Yates had gone out to Spokane tor a small sawmill plant, expecting to rush it in. Believing  that the time has not yet arrived for two mills,  mr. Buchanan will let mr. Yates have the field  for the present. He estimates the distance from  the railway at 30 miles by trail and 20 by water.  Will Worlt the SEamiah.  R. G. Tatlow, one of the owners of the Hannah and other claims on Toad mountain, says  work will be commenced on them as soon as  supplies can be got on the ground���������some time in  June. The Hannah is to the south of the Silver  Queen, an extension of the Kootenay  Bonanza.  Anxious  to  Make a  Bieeorri.  S. S. Bailey, who has control of the Noble  Five group of claims in Slocan district, left Nelson this week with tools and supplies to begin  development work. Mr. Bailey says he will be  the first man to put a shot in a mine in the  Slocan country.  The  Poorman  Mill.  The mill on the Poorman mine on Eagle creek  will be started up on the ore now in the bins,  and when all run through, it is understood that  active operations will be resumed at the mine.  MAEvffNCi   THE   SLOCAS   EJBSTBSICT   ACCESSIBLE.   ������i  The provincial government, through  its local  representatives, is making every effort to make  the Slocan mining district easilv accessible.   Old  trails are being repaired, new ones constructed,  and others projected.    To better cany ouUthe  work, gold commissioner Fitzstubbs made a  trip to the niouth of Carpenter creek, and personally instructed the foremen as to what was  wanted and .what was expected of them.-.  Twelve men are how at work cutting t he trail  "... .        <: ���������' ������J  up Carpenter creek, and as many more are employed in completing the old trail from the big  creek to the lake and repairing and straightening it between the big creek and the railroad.  An appropriation of $1500 has also been made  for a trail from Arrow lake via Nakusp creek.  It is not known what the owners of the Kaslo  City townsite are doing in the way of complet-  ing the trail, up Kaslo creek, but they will, no  doubt,, have men empleyed as soon as they can  be worked to ad van tage. The new steam boa t  will be completed within a month, and as the  owners of several claims are willing to make  trial shipments of ore, the steamboat company  has agreed to make a freight rate through, to  the railway���������a rate, too, that .'will tend to "increase the shipments. The promptness with  which the government acted on the suggestion  to survey the townsite at the mouth of Carpenter creek will also tend to bring about the confidence, so much needed in new camps, that  the government is alive to the interests of the  people . who are. endeavoring,..to develop our  resources'. <���������     ' ���������  E^issnf isfictl.  A good deal of dissatisfaction is heard on the  streets at the way in which the auction sale of  lots at   Nelson   on   Wednesday  was conducted.  It was understood that  the lots were to be sold  at auction, to the highest bidder,   and  that   the  sale was to be without reserve.    At former sales  all lots were offered, and   if  no   bids were made  at the upset price,  the  lots   were passed and re-  offered again-before the sale was declared finallv  closed.    This gave everj'one a fair deal.    At the  Wednesday sale no  upset  price  was placed on  the lots, the auctioneer merely announcing that  he would not.  entertain   bids   that did not come,  up to his idea of the  value  of the lots offered.  After   offering   and   selling   some   60   lots,   he  announced that he would only sell such lots as  were  asked  to  be put  up  by individuals.     A  number of comparatively poor men  were present, who wished to purchase lots for homes, but  they well understood that if they called for any  particular lot to be offered that, they would have  to get it over the bids of the cappers who were  present and biddiugon every lot put up, and they  very wisely concluded to let the sale come to an  end with half the lots unsold.    The government  will realize just about $15,000 more than the lots  were  worth,   for   which   they   can    thank    mr.  Davies, the "slickest" auctioneer on the  Pacific  coast.  Will H&riii" Water Twelve Miles.  The Chicago company that secured a lease  on  a mile and a. half of placer ground on  the north  bank of the Pend d'Orielle river will have to  bring water by ditch and flume about 12 miles  in order to obtain enough water to work the  ground to advantage. Mr. Rice, one of the  company, was in Nelson tin's week. He states  that a sawmill will be put in, and it is expected  the ditch and flume will be completed by the.  middle of October, and that the water obtained will amount, to 1000 inches.  You Can Slave ESini, and Weleome.  Bonner's   Ferry   Herald,   22nd :    " Charles E.  Taylor, the Nelson banker, is in the city looking  over the ground with a view to establishing a  bank. Mr. Taylor will be fortunate if he is the  first to occupy the field. We would be glad to  welcome him as a citizen of Bonner's Ferry."  m  mmi'MuxMgjmi\iiwm,iUU.HkWjmmusmw.utyWUilwri!iim U^S^~Z^E^in^E!^Z  *wgi*tb^raaim������^^iart^ni^  THE  MDTEJR:    NELSON,  B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  APEIL 30,  1892.  m\  VIK  ���������11  f  mi:.  '4 I. ���������  f  'I  I in $  ���������GENEROUS    LEN1>EIKS   AM>    KUYEKS.  The avocation of ruining and prospecting appears generally more conducive to the liberal  development of kindness and sympathy in the  breasts of men than any other profession -or calling. Considerate and noble acts are performed  by all classes of people, but too frequently they  are the results of inspiring occasions, rather  than an inherent sympathy for the unfortunate,  or pure unconscious generosity. There are two  doubtlessly well-grounded irasons for, the strong  growth of this desirable characteristic in the  miner. One is f he comparative absence of competition or the gain of wealth at the expense of  another, and the other sc^aplly put in the line,  "Fellow feeling makes us wonderous kind."  Regarding the first, much'' can  be said to the  credit of the mining industry in comparison with  other enterprises.    Success in mining means the  absolute production of weal th, without the intervention of others; the direct addition to the  world's commercial accumulation.    In pursuing  the industry one acquires that only which nature  has stored  im and  destined for man's use, and  not a portion of the products of or her hands, as  in manufacturing and business.    There is little  of the close bargaining and trading in  mining,  an element that carries with its success more or  less  selfishness and expands t he grasping and  avaricious nature of man.    When a rich strike  has   been' .made and  uealth rolls  in upon   the  miner,   he  can enjoy it contentedly,   knowing  that he alone  is entitled to it.  and   that  it   is  nat ure's recompense for his energy and industry,  and not a shave upon the toil of others.    In all  other   avocations,    where,    large   fortuues   are  amassed, they are at the expense of some one  else.    The merchant makes his profit iYoin his  pati oiis,   the  lawyer from  his clients  and  the  doctor fro in- his patients; the latter two, moreover, can only gaiu something through the misfortune   of   others.      Quite   a   contrast   to   the  miner's accumulations.  No one has ever heard of a feeling of jealousy  engendered by a lucky strike, and  the sudden  transformation of a,'miner to the position of a  bonanza,  king.    All   his   old  friends,   and   frequently   his  enemies,   if he  has  any,  which is  rarely the case,  rejoice with him.    It does not  change the relations between-them, except thafe  one possibly becomes a more, generous  lender,  and   the other a more generous borroyver, and  instead of a handful' of. candles or a  chuuk of  bacon,  money is now forthcoming for the le^s  fortunate -searcher'after a streak of ore.    The  sympathy extended to the unlucky miner when  he  states that   the pay streak has disappeared  and   his ore is lost,  is as sinceie and honest as  ever, the words of encouragement possibly more  earnest   than  before.    The feeling of solicitude  for the success and welfare among miners is universal, and no larder is ever so 'greatly impoverished but that it can still spare a little sometimes for  one  more   needy.    Let the   suspicion  gain ground that a miner or prospector is lost  or disabled, and the whole camp will .turn to his  rescue and work continuously until he is found  or   relieved.      Even   the most    obnoxious   and  worthless characters receive this consideration  and   kindness when in   ne^d, while for women  and children,   they are  always free from  need  and protection   in a   mining community.    One  who has   been-living in  mining camps and witnessed   the scenes   only can   know   how   much  kind   and charitable work is done almost daily,  and   the   frequency   of  appeals   for   help   and  alacrity with whicti a generous response follows.  While  the absence of many of the elements  calculated to render others sellish is the leading  cause for the good traits in miners,  it is probable that a further incentive exists in the knowledge that a misfortune might come to the most  independent.    A   man   may   have  friends   in   a  mining  district,  but   scarcely a   relative.    The  latter are always in the east, or long since dead,  and his acquaintances and friends are looked to  and  depended upon  in the hour of need.     And  in a calling so dangerous  and fraught   with so  much   exposure  and   consequent  sickness   and  disability,  it is  pleasant to know that one has  cast   plenty of bread upon the water,   which is  usually returned many fold when the situations  of the donor and beneficiary are reversed.  As a fact a typical mining camp comes nearer  being an ideal communistic institution than  anything  now in practical operation.    The in-  THE JOHN DOTY EMINE UUJVir AtfY, LTD.  O-... .".. -.��������� ���������"   '. ���������','���������'������������������. "';.        ������������������/   ���������   /'.' '''���������     ...';���������'      . i ,' ' . -  ;  MATOFAOTUEEKS OP ALL DESCKIPTIONS OF MAEINE AND STATIONAKT     -  Bfiritisli Columbia Branch :   520 Cordova Street,   Vancouver.  0. P. ST. JOHN, Manager.  Keep in stock a full supply of engineer and mill supplies, such as pipe and fittings, brass goods, sheet and other  packing, rubber valves, rubber and leather belting, Dodge wood split-pulleys, oils and lubricants, etc.      c  Estimates for boilers and engines made on application.   Mail orders receive prompt attention.  31 STING E  ES AND SINKING  PUMPS FOR  dustrious and deserving are always provided for  wit hout qiiesti()ii or recompense, and there is a  constant and liberal exchange of ."everything  that go>s to help work out the suceess of ventures or th" comfort of the individual. No one  having an honest countenance and manly bearing wili suffer while among the miners and prospectors on Kootenay lake.  One of the best points for investment in the Kootenay  Lake country.  n order to obtain the full benefit of the coming    eason's  rise in values.  LOTS   AT   REASONABLE   PRICES  and on the best terms can be had of C. HAMBER, West  Baker street, Nelson, duly authorized Nelson agent for the  Kaslo-Kootenay Land Company, Limited.  Ho! For the Slocan Mines!  The undersigned is prepared to pack supplies for mine  owners, miners, and prospectors  TO THE SLOCAN MINES,  and to the mines on the headwaters and tributaries of  Kaslo and Schroder creeks. Saddle horses will at all times  be in readiness for travelers bound for the eldorados tributary to Kaslo City. All orders left at. Green Brothers'  stores at Kaslo City and Ainsworth will receive prompt  attention. - ��������� . HUGH McLEOD.  Kaslo City, B. C, December 10th, 1891.  Slocan Lake at mouth of Carpenter  Creek.  DEALERS  TN  GENERAL  AND  ERCHANDIS  INERS'   SUPPLIES.  There is no need of prospectors or others bound for the  Slocan district bringing in supplies. Our stock is complete and will be sold at reasonable prices. Eldorado City  is not a boom townsite, but is situate within 5 to 9 miles of  all the mines so far discovered in Slocan district, and is  easily accessible from Nelson either summer or winter,  being distant but 60 miles.  The EASIEST and QUICKEST ROU'I E in to  the SLOCAN MINES is by way of KASLO  CITY. Pack and saddle horses for the conveyance of parties and supplies will be always on  hand, as soon as it is possible to reach that district in the spring.  ANGUS McINTYRE,  PROPRIETOR OF THE  dp i o it:e :m K  CORRAL and STABLE  Corner  BSInfir ami  Ward Streets,  NELSON, B. O.  Will undertake any work or contract in which pack animals or teams can be used.   Will furnish  SADDLE ANIK PACK ANIMALS  to parties who wish to examine mines and claims  in Toad Mountain district.  WILL   C0NTEACT  TO  0AERY PASSENGEKS  and baggage to and from hotels; also, freight  to and from steamboat wharves and  railway depots.  CONTRACT TO GRADE LOTS  IN  NELSON.  Stove and  Cord wood for Sale.  W.  J.   WILSON.  W.  PERDUE.  PROPRIETORS OP  NELSON AND AINSW0KTH.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steamboats  with fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine or  landing in the Kootenay Lake country.  Nelson   Office   and   Market,   11   East   Baker   Street.  Ainsworth   Market,   Sprague   Street.  NELSON"  Livery & Feed  Stable,  LL  PROPRIETOR.  HAY AND  GBAIN FOE SALE.  Omnibus and carriages to and from all trains and steamboat wharves. Saddle and pack animals for hire. Freight  hauled and all kinds of job teaming attended to.  Stable on Baker Street.   Office with Wilson & Perdue..  1 THE   MINER:    NELSON.   B.   0..   SATURDAY.  APEIL 30.   1892.  Will open with a complete stock of Builder's, Shelf, and  Heavy Hardware, Iron,  Stee\ Nails, Doors,  Windows, Taints, Oils, Glass, etc.   Miner's Tools a specialty.   Full lines in every department.  Cor, Baker and Josephine Sts., Nelson.  H. byer;  anager.  MSS'FOKY    OF    ISEHltlXU    SEA.  .        ��������� .....���������.....������������������. ^  The sea of Kamchatka was discovered in the  year 1724 by Vitus Behrihg." Vitus Behring  was a Russian subject, sailing under the Russian flag. From the date of that discovery until  the purchase ef Alaska, in 1867 Russia held undisputed sway over the sea, whose name had  been changed to Behring in honor of its discoverer. In 1745 the Aleutian islands were discovered, and in 1768 the interests of the Russians  becoming more fully awakened, the sea, its  islands and coast-'-*were explored by order of  Queen Catharine of Russia. In 1790 the Priby-  ldv islands were found. They,were desolate  and   uninhabited,   but  the government findiug  them to be the great assembly ground of the fur  seals, transferred Aleuts from their native  islands. After a time they became contented  and settled on the fog-dimmed Pribylovs; afterward nothing couloV induce them to forsake  their adopted home. <  Having found otter, seal, and other valuable  animals within the limits of its territory, Russian protection was extended, and as early as  the year 1764 the right to trade with the islands  was granted to merchants by Russia, the government always requiring* a percentage of the  gains. From 1725 to 1867, a period of 142 years,  Russian niona.rchs held an absolute sway over  Behring sea. as over any other'part-of their domain. If individual or company desired to  trade within its boundary the permission came  from the czar, with rules and stipulations they  were compelled to adhere.  In the, treaty of cession, the western limit of  .Russian' Alaska, or Alaska, is as positively  stated as the eastern limit, viz: "The western  limit within which the territories and dominions  conveyed are contained passes through a point  in Behring Straits on the parallel of 76 degress  30 minutes north, at its intersection by the  meridian which passes midway between the  islands of Krusenstern or Ingalook, and the  island of Ratmanoff, or* Noonarboak, and proceeds due north without limitation into the  same frozen ocean.  '"The same western limit, beginning at the  same initial point, proceeds ihence in a course  nearly southwest, through Behring strait and  Behring sea so as to pass midway between the  northwest point of the island of St. Lawrence  and the southeast point of Cape Choukotski, to  the tiieridian of 172 west; thence from the intersection of that meridian in a southeasterly direction, so as to pass midway between the  island of Attou and the Copper island of the  Kormandorsky couplet or group in the North  Pacific ocean, to the meridian of 193 degrees  west, so as to include in the territory conveyed  the whole of the Aleutian islands east of the  meridian."  Thus it will be seen that Behring sea is recognized as a part of the territory divided between  Russia aud the United States. No other  country has claimed islands or other possessions  within its limits, and its topography makes it  impossible that it should be claimed as an open  highway. Behring strait is a passage between  Siberia and Alaska, and beyond that is the  Arctic ocean and unexplored regions. It is  therefore practically an island sea subject to the  dominion of the nations bordering upon its  waters. And here the question strikes one  rather forcibly, if the United States side of the  sea. is free foraging ground, wh^ is not the Russian portion equally free?   '������������������"���������,-'.'���������'J;::;;: '���������'������������������;:-  If the sea was Russia's to give, then the portion sold is as truly the property of the purchaser  as it was her own previous to the negotiation.  If the Alaska side was not legally hers, neither  is the remainder, and therefore poachers have  the same right in all parts; they are no longer  poachers, and are amenable to no law for taking  public property. But Russia is ready to protect  her rights, and no nation has the temerity to  dispute them. The United States has been so  sure of a just appreciation of her claims that  she has made no provision for their infringement.  Piiilterton Mercenaries in si ...New. Stole...  There is great  doubt if any of the Pinkerton  mercenaries   who   have   been   smuggled    into  Johnson county, Wyoming, to shoot ranchmen  will   ever  come  out  alive, if  not   guarded   by  United  States jtroops.    The  feud in Big Horn  Basin,   is  not, as has been stated, between  the  ranchmen and the rustlers, but between the big v  cattle  companies   and   the   ranchmen,  who are  fencing  in   the fertile land.    Some cattle have  been stolen, and this has been magnified to such  an extent that the people'generally believe that  the inhabitants of the basin are thieves. Now  that the Pinkertons are in the basin they will  find it hard to get out. The mercenaries' were  organized in Denver and brought to Douglass  on a special train, when they were herded into  the isolated country by their masters, ostensibly  to prevent cattle stealing, but really to exterminate the peaceable ranchers. The situation  is desperate. Everybody knows the facts, but  every man fears his neighbor*, and refuses to  talk. Governor Barber declines to send the  militia into the field, saying he has no knowledge officially of any troubles in Johnson county,  but every body knows that men are being killed  daily. The sheriff of the county is a man who  is in sympathy with the small ranchmen. He  is a man of great nerve, and if, as is clearly his  duty, he should call on the citizens to assist  him in arresting this armed force that  has without authority of law invaded his  conn'v, he could quickly gather about him 200  or 300 cowboys who are familiar with the  country and at. home in the saddle, and in that  event there is little chance of any of the. invading party getting out alive. While the great  majority of these small ranchmen are honest  and industrious, they are all desperate and daring, with but very few cowards, and though  this inviding party may be only after a few of  the worst thieves the small ranchmen do not  know whom they have on their list, so that it  puts each and every one of them on the defensive.  i<:<i ai cation am! BSii.siness BJie.  Andrew Carnegie argues that a man who  studied until he was 20 in the attempt to educate himself "has not. the slightest chance entering business at 20 against the boy who swept  the office or who began as shipping clerk in it;"  and Henry Clews, the hanker, hacks him up by  saying: 'The college man is not the successful  man in business affairs. I do not employ them  in my banking office. None need apply, for I  think they have been spoiled for* business life."  This is a very strong argument for education. If  a   man has all his'mental faculties highly  edu  cated he can "walk all aroun^l" an uneducated  man in getting other* people's money away from  them���������if ������he likes. But the more highly educated he is the less he will like. He will he unwilling to bid as high for money, because he  'will see other things worth more than money.  And but for the education that enables men to  see this mr. Carnegie would be strung to a lamp  post, and the money he has so rapidly accurnu-  lasted would be much more rapidly distributed.  One of the chief benefits of good education is  that it unfits men for getting other* people's  property without giving in return as much as  or* more than they receive.  Office, Victoria, B. C.  Works, Nanaimo, B. C.  COMPANY.  MAN U FACT UKICKS OF  TE  STSIMG,  tO  WHOLESALE DEALERS IN  AFETY FUSE, DET0NAT0ES,  ELECTRIC BLASTING APPARATUS.  Will open a branch office and magazine at Kelson on or  about May loth, 1892.  EH. J". SGOTT  _a.g-:e:n-t foe :b_ o_  (&   a     boo  ALE.  A half interest in th bar of the Ainsworth house at Ainsworth and the whole of the furniture, etc., of that hotel is  for sale, including- 50 cords of wood, 15 tons of ice, and 100  chickens. The hotel has 10 bed-rooms and is doing a business of $75 a day; the bar is doing a business of $30 a day.  Price, ������2100 cash. Apply to Thomas Trcnery on tlic premises, or to Houston & Ink, Nelson. .  _____ _____ ' e\ Baa mam B  r,,1^e undersigned offers for sale an undivided one-half interest in the Nelson brick yard, with or without, the brick  now manufactured. N. HOOVE ll.  Nelson, li. C, April 22nd, 1892.  The undersigned has about 30 tons of fine baled hay for  sale at 815 a ton, f. o. b. steamboat, at custom-house landing.  J. C.  RYKERT JR.  Kootenay Lake Custom-House, April 11th, 1892.  NOTICE   OF   DISSOLUTION.  Notice is hereby given that the partnership heretofore  existing between us, the undersigned, as Odcll & Squire  in the town of Nelson, has this day been dissolved by  mutual consent. All debts owing the said partnership are  to be paid to Fred J. Squire at Nelson, and all claims  against the said partnership arc to be presented to the said  Fred J. Squire, by whom the same will be settled.  Nelson, April 14th, 1892. WILLIAM L. ODELL,  Witness: FRED J. SQUIRE.  James Smart.  t^Mgllll^ ���������AWUKWbKKMntlB  xt MJ>M-n-|-JirritiiVitnn-.r������r"-",rifr11 ^Ma*3ta:a*&j������sfcafl>i  ;^_3CSSiS^3KM^Ezi*ii���������i  feMraSBtMAfMill  THE  MINER:    KELSON,  B.   0.,  SATUEDAY,  APEIL 30,  1892.  -f  ���������-I f  .1  i ���������  Mi  This  Townsite is now being cleared and surveyed, and will be placed on the  market as early in June as the work can be completed.  WILL ACT AS RESIDENT AGENT.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays/and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $ 1.50, six months $2.50, one year $1.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of $3 an inch (down the column)" per month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from $1 to $10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Job Printing in good style at fair rates.   Cards,  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  -    in stock.  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  EI������ITOKlAL    REMARKS.  In order to conduct a newspaper thoroughly  independent in tone, its owners must be in an  independent  position,   and  they  cannot   be in  that position if engaged in enterprises the capital for  which is furnished by various individuals, all of whom have varied interests���������interests  that too often  clash with   those of the public.  Being unwilling to conduct The Miner on any  other lines than those on which it has been run  since its first issue, but finding themselves in a  position where that course would be difficult of  following,    its   founders,    John   Houston   and  Charles H. Ink, retire from the business, their  interests   being purchased   by David  B.  Bogle c  and E. Percy Whalley, who are in a position to  continue The Miner as an independent newspaper.    The value of The Miner, as a business enterprise, is due entirely to the support extended  it by the miners and business men of West  Kootenay district, and not because of any especial fitness or ability of its founders to con- ,_  duct a newspaper.           While no news regarding the fate of the bill  chartering the Nelson & Fort Sheppard railway  is received from Ottawa, the abandonment by  the Canadian Pacific of its projected road south  from Bevelstoke is a sure indication that the  bill has been hung up or killed, for* if it had not  been work would even now be well under way  on that branch road. The Abbott government  is keeping the mining districts of eastern British Columbia as a preserve for the Canadian Pacific, and the province's representatives in the  house of commons uphold it in doing so.  An effort is being made by the officials of the  Pacific division of the Canadian Pacific railway  to divert the trade that naturally belongs to the  towns on Kootenay lake to other channels, in  which they are interested as individuals. To  defeat this effort, the merchants, mine owners,  and business men of the towns in the lake coun-  try should at once take action, and a better step  could not be taken than the organization of a  board of trade. United action must be taken,  to the end that every pound of freight, both inward and outward, be given to the transportation companies that favor us and give us the  best rates, for it is only by such action that the  railway officials alluded to can be brought up  with a round turn.  D. B. Bogle, E. P. Whalley, Notary Public,  Nelson, West Vernon street.       Eldorado City, Slocan.  B0G-LE& WHALLEY  REAL ESTATE  AND INSURANCE AGENTS.  All forms of conveyancing. Lots for sale on Baker and  Vernon streets. House and lot on Silica street. Nelson.  Residence property in Nelson cheap.1 Acre property near  Nelson, Kaslo and in the Slocan country. Intending investors in mining property should have a copy of our map of  Toad mountain mining district. All information supplied  to correspondents.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  3  B  AL ESTATE  CONVEYANCING  ES  Town lots, lands, .and mining claims handled on commission.   Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  R. 0. Campbell-Johnston  (of Swansea, India, and the United States.)  METALLURGIST,   ASSAYER,  AND   MINING   ENGINEER.  Properties reported on. All assays undertaken. Furnaces and concentrating plants planned and erected.  Treatment for ores given. Ores bought and sold. Box  731, Vancouver, B. C.   Terms cash.  " K. J. M0WAT & COT  Contractors and Builders,  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Will contract to erect all kinds of buildings and guarantee  satisfaction.   Shop: corner Josephine and Bluff sts.  %ufB      Cl      %h#B  J  Special attention given to care and treatment of diseased  teeth. Crown and bridge work of the most approved  modes. Gold plates, as well as vulcanite, inserted. Teeth  regulated. All work warranted. Will visit West Kootenay at the opening of navigation and spend the greater  part of the summer. Due notice of visit will be given in  The Miner.  January 19fch, 1892.  Representatives   nt.  Vancouver,    New   Westminster,  nml   Yietoviiu  G.  (NOTARY public)  Real Estate, Mining Broker,  ''���������.'.. .AND  Insurance Agent,  WEST  1SAKER STREET,.":.  ...NELSON/"IS. .���������.  Representing���������  CITIZENS (Eire^)  QUEBEC^. "  CITY OF LONDON   "  EQUITABLE  (Life.)  REAL ESTATE and MIN  ING INTERESTS in the  district handled to the  best advantage.  Correspondence solicited.  C.E.Perry, M.S.Davys,  Mem. Inst. C.E., P.L.S. M.E.  J. H. Gray,  C.E., P.L.S.  PERRY, GRAY & DAVYS  CIVBL AND   SVSfiMIfiMG  ENGINEERS.,  Provincial Land Surveyors  Real Estate, and Mining Brokers.  Railway   reconnaissance   and   location   contracts   taken  Prospecting 'outfits organized, mines reported on,  and assays furnished.   Estimates prepared.  OFFICES:   Victoria���������Room i, Spencer's Arcade, Government street.   Nelson���������Baker street.  The Nelson Exchange,  WARD    STREET.  Mining  STOCKS  and  PROPERTIES  Negotiated.  Orders Tnken for Colorado Stoeks.  FOR SALE.  A fractional extension of the "Ollie," which is an extension of the "Dandy."  APPLICATION   FOR   CROWN   GRANT.  Notice is hereby given that W. M. Wallace, as agent for  the Neosho Mining Company (Foreign), has filed the necessary papers and made application for a crown grant in  favor of the mineral claim known as the "Neosho," situate  in Ainsworth mining division of West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, will forward their objections  within 60 days from date of publication.  N. FITZSTUBBS, gold commissioner.  Nelson, B. C, March 10th, 1892.  APPLICATION   FOR   TIMBER   LEASE.  Notice is hereby given that 30 days after date I intend to  apply for a special license to cut timber on the following  ^ described tract of land, Commencing at a post on the  south shore of the west arm of Kootenay lake, opposite  the Balfour house, thence south (50 chains, thence east 100  chains more or less to the shore of Kootenay lake, thence  northerly and westerly along the shore line of the lake and  west arm to the point of commencement; containing 600  acres more or less. ED RAUCH.  Balfour, Aptil 2nd, 1892.  Notice is hereby given that assessed and provincial revenue taxes, for 1892, are now due and payable at my office,  Nelson. T. II. GIFFIN,  Nelson, February 13th, 1892.        Assessor and ocllector.  'er Cent a  can be obtained for small amounts, loaned on short time  and well secured. Apply to HOUSTON & INK, real  estate and mine brokers, Miner building, Nelson.  ������������������-'-.'���������!?���������  ���������*'������J  '������������������'''���������$  m  . ... I  V.  !"_  ���������1  ���������'."oS  I  A]  f.'Sf  im  ���������4  I  'm.  IBS  wi  ���������aaemxmneiiMKimiUlBBaeR  ���������M_ai#_tifcM_^^  _an������^^ THE  MINER:    NELSON,  B.  0.,  SATURDAY,  APRIL  30,  1892.  EDWARD APPLEWHAITE.  W. GESNER ALLAN,  Coroner.    Notary Public.  Postoffice Box 69.  S. E. CORNER BAKER AND JOSEPHINE STREETS, NELSON, B. 0.  Telephone 2L  Eoans negotiated on   Nelson property. Collections made. Conveyancing documents drawn up.  ;      Town lots,  lands,  and mining claims handled on cohimission.  THE   RUSSIAN    FA MIN E.  A Moscow correspondent of a London paper  writes:    As   I   have   just   returned   from   the  famine-stricken   governments   of  Samara   and  Pensa I thought you would be glad to have a  few lines, especially as I have been on the spot.  It w^ould take volumes to describe but one-tenth  of the misery that the south and eastern portion  of the czar's dominions are now the scenes of.  The sickness and distress to be found in it single  village  would fill a small book.    I can only tell  you,   as one who  has been  there, that the accounts of this great calamity that have appeared  in the English papers are not exaggerated.    In  fact,   I  do   not  believe  there  is   a   single  correspondent who has been in the hundreds, and  perhaps thousands, of afflicted villages distant  from   two  to 300 miles   from the   railways.    I  have  not been further than 60 versts (40 miles)  myself, and 1 have seen such sights as I thought  impossible in any European country, especially  in such a wealthy one as this.    In one village I  visited I found about 1,000 persons down  with  hunger-typhus, fever and   influenza, out  of   a  population   of about 2,500.    I saw  tine strong  men and women dying before my eyes of these  and other complaints, which are mainly brought  on  by hunger and bad food,    How many millions are in want no  one   knows,   as  detailed  statistics���������which would give the public a correct  idea of the calamity���������are not allowed to be published.    1 only  know this,   that in the governments  of Samara and Saratotf alone, there are  1,840,000  who are   simply   kept   alive   by   the  "Zemstvo,"'  or county councils,  on the money  sent  them   by the government.    In these two  governments it is estimated that there are close  upon  half a. million  men who  receive no help  from   the  Zemstvo, and   who   are   now   either  starving   to death   or   are   subsisting   on   the  charity and generosity of those who are' receiving aid  from the government and from the private charity of the country  gentry.   The aid af-  orded by  the committee  of the czarevitch, the  Red Cross  Society, and  other societies, is but  as a drop in this world of misery and want.  The government is now doing all it can to relieve the distress, and is spending millions; but  they have commenced at the eleventh hour,  when it is air, a ly too late. For the last two  months the railways have been engaged night  and day in conveying grain to the famine-  stricken provinces, and for the time being  all  other   goods-traffic   but  grain  trains has   been  stopped. The manufacturers have consequently  no coal, and have to stop work. The most terrible aspect of the famine is the indifference, or  rather, say ignorance, of the people in the big  towns concerning the fate of their starving  countrymen. The theaters are crowded every  evening, and tickets canuot be had at the operas  for love nor money whenever a favorite singer  is to perform.' Considering that thirty million  people are affected by this calamity, and that  there is distress in 16 or 18 governments (a government being often equal to a European state  in size), this is a little too bad. It is estimated  that the government, is keeping alive fifteen  millions at the very least. The mass of the  towns-people (urban population) have only a  faint idea of this, and ask me every day the  most absurd questions, "Whether there is a  famine?" "Whether it is not exaggerated?" and  such nonsense.    1 lose my temper sometimes;  but when I remember that the Russky Vedom-  6sti has received its second warning for writing  too much on this tender subject I can forgive  and pity them.  Such a state of ignorance and darkness is impossible in any country with a "free press,"  God be thanked! The Russian press has, in  fact, never been so utterly abject and powerless  as it is at the present moment, This state of  things cannot last for ever. Everybody is discontented, and if we have another famine we  shall have a revolt in the Volga provinces, for  the condition of the peasants there is commencing to be intolerable. A European war may  break out in the spring through the inability of  the government here to maintain order at home.  Russia is well prepared, notwithstanding, and,  I believe, would sooner go to war with Germany  and Austria than run the risk of a revolt in  the interior.  In the spring you will learh all about the  famine, and you will find put that what I tell  you,.-'is: only too true, although only a particle;{)f  the whole truth about this natioiial disaster,  which has been coining on for the past five  years, is allowed to be published. It has been  hidden from the public for a long time, but has  at last, like an "ugly ulcer," shown itself to the  world.  . :  '        "   ���������!���������������; - ���������  .       ��������� ."fry  ARTHUR   E.   HODGINS,  (A. M. Can. Soc. C. E.) *  CIVIL ENGINEER AND ARCHITECT,  TOLS-ON   BVILMNG..     NELSON, 11. ���������.  AEdHITEOT.  Plans furnished on application and estimates given free.  West Baker street, end of bridge.  Barrister at   Law,   Solicitor,   Notary  Public,  Etc.  Office, Victoria street, Kamloops, B. C.  NOTARY PUBLIC.  NELSON.  TOLSON'S BLOCK.  cLEOD,   B. A.  Notary Public, Etc.  Law Office:   Room 6, Tolson Block.  NELSON, B. C.  B      ir\\i ������    H    H    H <*_ss*' H  tt y  Physician, Surgeon, and Accoucheur,  Telep one 45.  Office:   Stanley and "Victoria Streets.  Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians of London ;  Member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England.  Corner Silica and Ward Streets, Nelson. Telephone 40.  NELSON, B. C.  TEACHER   OIF1  THE  VIOLIM.  Music furnished for all occasions.  BAM OF MONTREAL  VCAPITAL (all pjiiil'"'up), $12,000,000  REST,        .      -'."      .        ��������� 6,000,000  Sir DONALD A. SMITH......  Hon.  GEO. A. DRUMMOND,  E. S. CLOUSTON,.............   President  ..: .Vice-President  General Manager  Nelson Branch:   N. W. Cor. Baker and Stanley Sts.  Branches in London (England), New York and Chicago,  and in the principal cities in Canada;  Buy and sellsterling exchange and cable tranfers;  Grant commercial and travelers' credits, available in any  part of the world;  ,   Drafts issued; Collections made; Etc. ���������  SAVINGS   BANK   BRANCH  Rate of interest at present four per cent.  "       BANK OF  RITISH COLUMBIA  (Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1862.)  CAPITAL (paid up), ������000,000    .    $3,000,000  (With power to increase.)  iraSEKVE FUND,' ������280,000      .    .       1,100,000  EZR^ITsrOIEailES =  Victoria, B. C, ��������� San Francisco, California,  Vancouver, B. O, Portland, Oregon,  NewW(.stminster,B.C.,   Seattle, Washington,  Nanaimo, B..C, Tacoma, Washington.  Kamloops, B. C.  HEAD OFFICE: GO Lombard street, LONDON, England.  A(*ENTS AND CORRESPONDENTS:  CANADA���������Bank of Montreal and branches;  Canadian Bank of Commerce and branches;  Imperial Bank of Canada and branches;  Commercial Bank of Manitoba; and  Bank of Nova Scotia.  UNITED STATES���������Agents Bank of Montreal, New York;  Bank of Montreal, Chicago. -   .  OPEIST   FOR   BXJSIITEISS.  This bank is now open for business.    Temporary office in  J. Fred Hume's store, East Vernon street.  Interest at the rate of 4 per cent per annum will bo allowed  on 'all time deposits.  THE KOOTENAY  AFE DEPOSIT CO.  PIONEER FINANCIAL HOUSE OF NELSON.  Transacts a general financial business.  Interest allowed on deposits at best rates.  Money to loan on business paper and against securities.  CJEXEBfcAL  ACiEKCY  London & Lancashire Life Assurance Co.;  Taylor's celebrated safes;  Accident Insurance Company of North America.  CHAS. E. TAYLOR, Manager.  _______WtBB____i__m  gs__38_7ffisssm  8383XIS38S!  WttlJUimW^miHIilMHiB  fce-*W  m  fff;.r- ���������W t IW I**J|f������T"lWrft-''������i' f f*"*'' ������>..*���������'��������� ������V. i������ fl r������ifri������  __r_Htin_i,.4c.^A'f-tt^r-^W^"''^^  SEEEE^  ^^"^^^r^^^^.^?^-^  ^ffWlFifiWWgiW'-Mp'fc'WifcJ  >V_.'i;  pa  hi i  6  , !.%-Av  ill  I  ft:  1-  Iwi  p  :f ������������������  if  In! -  '������������������?'  ,   f-S  li  ll  it.  HI;  ,'5  !  i-fv  11  I i!  i  hi  THE  MINEH;    NELSON,  B.C.,  SATUEDAY, APEIL 30,  1892.  MB.'.  CAIti\E_������IE'S : MONTE' CKISTO.  Another distingmshed New Yorker, Andrew  Carnegie, while never having been exactly a  resident of this little Pennsylvania town, here  entered into the first contract which furnished  the basis of his great fortune. It is not generally known that mr. Carnegie made his first  money as an oil producer. It was on a farm on  Oil creek, about three miles from this town of  Franklin, and an outline of theoperations which  has   been furnished to  me bv a gentleman ac-  quainted   with   the   circumstances    reads   like  "King Solomon's   Mines."    The   exact locality  where   nir. Carnegie  made his  first big* money  was known as the Story farm.    It was a barren  spot,   consisting   of   hillside,  and bottom land,  upon which  the   owner;   William   Story,   was  gradually   compounding   with     starvation   by  trying to raise enough to keep himseJf alive^His  farm consisted of 420 acres, and for  along time  /he tried in vain to sell it for .$10 an acre.    Later,  when   there were symptoms of oil in   that locality, the shrewd mr. Carnegie, with his Scotch  instinct for making inoney, came along with a  few friends aud bought out farmer Story's land,  paying  him $35,000 therefor.    This was a great  deal more than Story ever thought his wretched'/,  farm was worth, and a great   deal less than mr.  Carnegie expected to have to pay for it with the  petroleum dev^elopment coming down the creek,  so  both men  were well satisfied  with the bargain. ,   Mr. Carnegie and his friends organized  the  Columbia Oil company  and proceeded   to  drill  wells  on the farm, with the result of developing the richest bonanza ever produced on  one farm  in the  history   of   the   oil industry.  ��������� There; is  no mere guesswork as  to   .what this  farm  poured into the lap ;of Andrew Carnegie  and   his friends.    The  late   David A.  Stewart,  the Pittsburg iron man, who was treasurer of  the Columbia company, testified in a lawsuit in  Erie, Pennsylvania, in   which he refreshed his  memoi'v   with the  books of the companv. that  the Story farm had produced oil to the value of  between   $6,000,000 and  $8,000,000.    Since  that  the farm has yielded enough to run the total up  to  $10,000,000 or  in ore.   In the ten years up to  the time of this lawsuit the production of the  farm   had been   nearly 2,000,000 barrels, and in  this period dividends had been declared amounting to 461 per cent on the capital stock.    So it  was from this bonanza farm that mr. Carnegie  received a start which has made him one of the  .money kings of tlie world and enabled him to  contribute a  keg of pure Scotch whisky to the  white house and never miss the money.  One of Loudon's Cliarms.  It is not necessary to describe the misery of a  London fog to any one who has been compelled  to reside in the metropolis during a few days of  its prevalence.    The painful irritation to   the  eyes, the choking sensation in the chest, together  with the general depression of spirits and many  other ailments, are the lesser sufferings that  few who are exposed to it escape. 'But it is not  yet realized what an amount of serious illness,  or how many deaths one week of London fog  causes. It may be accepted that every ten days  of this terrible visitation kills 2,500 people, and  if we calculate nine serious cases of illness to each  death, we have 25,000 people laid upon beds of  sickness.  To a certain extent the cold that always prevails during these dense fogs may be credited  with a portion of this sickness, but not to any  great extent, as neither fog nor cold in country  places produces any such change in the death  rate. There can belittle doubt that the extreme  discomfort, as well as the deadliness of the London fogs, arises from the poisonous gases with  which the damp air gets saturated, and increasingly so the longer the fog lasts. The smoke,  which gives the fog its yellow appearance, and  is so dirty Hand unpleasant, is not injurious,  being only carbon; probably, indeed, it prevents  the poisonous gases from doing more harm.  The fog, it is needless to say, is caused by atmospheric conditions which keep the lower  stratum of the air comparatively stationary and  prevents smoke from rising as it ordinarily does,  even when there is no wind to move it. Consequently the air in our streets remains to a great  extent unchanged during the prevalence of a  thick fog, but it by no means remains in the same  state, for the gas generated in the 2,500 miles of  sewers is rising through the grids and mixing  with the air, which is also being corrupted by  the emanations from the millions of men and  animals that live in tlie metropolis. It is difficult to realise how foul must be the condition  of the air Londoners breathe after 2 or 3 days  of fog, and the wonder is riot that so many are  sick and so many die, but that so few do. The  poisonous fog so deteriorates the vigor of life  that in addition to itsdirectlyinjurious influence,  it renders the system incapable of resisting the  cold. To prevent these fogs seems impossible;  the draining of marsh land would possibly do  something to initigate them; the discontinuance of."theuse of open fires, or the general use  of smokeless fuel, would make them less unpleasant; but they would remain as poisonous  a.s ever. '     .' ������������������������������������'      :  Kob flJiHiMlette on tSjc BM'MjnMier.  Genial Bob Burdette, the prince of humorists,;  whose  writings, always  full of kind thoughts,  never  hurt auyfjman's feelings,Ais a traveler, a  minister, a humorist, and a lecturer.    He knows  the drummer frftm constant contact, ando'in his  happy way describes him.    If all men were like  Robert J. Burdette there would be less sin in the  world.    This is what he says of the  commercial  traveler:    "He looks   over   my   shoulder   as I  register after him, and hands me his card with a  shout of recognition/; he peeps over the register  again  and watches  the clerk assign me to 93.  'Ninety nothing!' lie   shouts.    'Who's   in   15?'  The clerk says Tie is saving 15 for judge Dryasdust.    'Well,  he be   blowed,'   says   my cheery  friend.  ./"Give him the attic and put this gentleman in 15.'   And if the clerk hesitates lie seizes  the'-.peri  and gives  me 15 himself, and,then he  calls the porter and orders him to carry up iiiy  baggage arid put a/fire in 15, and in the same  breath  adds, "What time  will you be down to  supper,   Mr.  Burdette?'    And he waits for me;  and, seeing I am a stranger in town, he sees that  lim ^ared for ; that the waiters do not neglect  me ; he tells me about the town, the people and  the business; he is breezy, sociable, full of good  stories,   always good   natured ; he   frisks  with  cigars  arid 1000-mile tickets; he knows all the  best rooms  in the hotels; he always has a key  for the  car seats,   and turns  a seat for himself  and  friends without  troubling the   brakeman;  but he will  ride on the wood box or stand outside to accommodate a lady, and he will give up  his seat   to   an old  man.    I know  him  pretty  well.    For three years   I have  been   traveling  with him, and I have seen  the   worst, and   I  know the best out-weighs the worst.    1 could  hardly get along without  him.    I am glad he is  so numerous."  j-  Teetzel & Co,  DEALERS IIST  CHEMICALS,  PATENT MEDICINES,  TOILET ARTICLES,  ETC.  WHOLESALE     DEALERS     IiV     Cff������AKS.     .RAYMOND  SEWING    MACBIEXES   IN   STOCK.  Cor. East Baker and Ward Streets.  Telephone 36.  APPLICATION   FOR   LIQUOR   LICENSE.  Notice is hereby given that we intend to make application to the licensing board at its next sitting for a license  for a hotel at Slocan, near Columbia & Kootenay railway  crossing McGKATH & GALLAGHER.  Dated, April 21st, 1S92.  son  Yarfl:   At cjmI of Flumei  Mill : "Two..;Miles South of Nelson.  Manufacture  The mill  has a capacity of -20,000' feel  a 'flay..  Orders will receive prompt attention.  W. N. E0LFE, Secretary.  umceslEndof Flume.     '  ���������Telephone. 2.'-..';������������������'���������"; ���������  THE  WILL -E������ EEM0VED AND KEBUTLT  at Kaslo  during the summer of 1892. New and improved machinery  will be put in. A drive of choice logs, consisting of white  pine, white spruce, clear cedar, etc., will be brought down  from the Lardeau. The mill will be run at its present site  until the new establishment is ready. An abundant stock  of rough and dressed lumber, shingles, etc, now on hand.  All orders promptly filled. Prices and terms will be adjusted to meet any competition.  March 15th, 1892. ������.  O.  BUCHANAN.  S-uH  any  MANUFACTURERS OF  OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.  PRICE LIST  (DELIVERED AT NELSON,  AINSWORTH,   OR  BALFOUR).  DRESSED.  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M  $32 00  No. 2        "        6 inch,     "  27 00  No. 1 ceiling, 4 inch,       "  32 00  No. 2       "       6 inch,       "       27 00  Rustic,                                "  27 00  Select clear, DD,             "       40 00  No. 1 common, D,            "       25 00  DD,          "       27 00  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot  10  ROII^M.  No. 1 common, per M. $14 00  No. 2        " "     12 00  Culls, "      8 00  Shingles, "           4 50  MOLDINGS.  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc^, per foot 2j@10c  Mills at J*ilot Day, Kootenay Lake.  S. 0. Spalding,   ...    Manager  ll. F. FERRY, Ag-ent at Nelson.  BRERINER ������& WATSON, Agents at Ainsworth.  < 1  'il  *       m  '4  Ml  i -  IP  4  ,)���������  n;-1  ''.���������'J  mmasSSS!S!SS!SaBSSSSSSS^SS^SSSSPe^SSS^S!^^S  TSSSSS^SSBXSTSSSSSSSSSS^SSS'.  BtnssfGSPaw&s THE  MDTEE:    NELSON,   B.  0.,   SATUEDAY,  APEIL -30,  1892.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.        THOMAS   MADDEN,  NELSON,  B.  C. Proprietor.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with a frontage towards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  THE      TABLE  is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE  BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH  THE   BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.  KOOTENAY HOTEL  Vernon Street, near Josephine, opposite wharf,  NEIiSON. -B...C.':'"        .  PROPRIETOR.  THE HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  -   its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  THE  TABLE  are comfortable in size and       is acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  NEW BED-ROOMS.  BAR JUST ADDED.  THE   IB^IR,  is stocked with all brands of liquors and cigars.  East Raker Street,  Nelson,  is one of the best hotels in Toad Mountain district,  and is the headquarters for prospectors and  working miners.  The Table is not Surpassed by that of any Hotel  in the Kootenay Lake country.  At the Bar is Dispensed Fine Liquors and Oigars,  and the bed-rooms are newly furnished.  MAIjONE   ������S   TKEGILI.I1S FROFIUETORS  TRAIL,   B. C.  TOPPING & HANNA.  Proprietors  good TaMc; iimul Beds; Hyas-Close liquors.  M(*SSBA���������K   ENGLISH    RAILROADS.  Few people among the general public know  that the locomotives and cars in use. on English  railroads could not run on American roads���������  they would stick on the curves. This is due to  the fact that the American railroad man has  advanced imineasureably beyond the Englishman in the evolution of railroad rolling stock,  and the result is that he can run his train over  sharp curves around the shoulders of a mountain, while the Englishman's traiii would stick  on the curve without hope of escape. Thus in  order to avoid curves the Englishman bores a  tunnel through a mountain at enormous expense when the American would circle around  it with'comparative cheapness.  George Stephenson, an Englishman, invented  the locomotive, but Ross Winans, of Baltimore,  made immense improvements upon it, which  adapted it to modern requirements.  A contrast of the railroads of the two countries  is a contrast of the characters of their people.  The English railroad man has made little progress since the days of George Stephenson's  "Rocket," compared with the immense strides  made by the inventive genius of America in the  evolution of the railroad and its train. The  first idea, of a si earn train was one with solid  trucks running on a straight and comparatively  level track, and English railroad and rolling  stock construction has not wandered much from  this idea. The locomotives and cars are still  built on solid bogy trucks, with wheels fixed at  right angles to the breadth of the car, so that  they cannot round a sharp curve. The sharpest  standard curves on English roads have a radius  of 1,000 feet, and even to get around them the  cars have to be built very short. The locomotives have no equalizing beams or levers, so  that when they strike a piece of rough track the  weight is liable to be confined to two or three  driving wheels, which thus become the only  point of friction. Hence there is great loss of.  power.  These objections have been overcome years  ago on the American roads, but John Bull declines to take a hint from his cousin. &He goes  on building railroads solid as rocks, laying 90  pound rail on" them, burrowing through a mountain when an-American would wind around it  on sharp .curves, or laboriously grinding around  a long sweep in order to reach a point, and  carrying a far larger proportion of dead weight  in his rolling stock than the American.  The American locomotive or car is hung on  a  swivel to the bogy trucks and thus the direction  in which the wheels are moving may often beat  a, sharp angle to the line of the car  lengthwise.  This arrangement enables trains in this country  to round curves which   would give an  English  railroad  man   a fit.     The  curves   on   standard  roads in this country have 573  feet radius,   and  there  is one  on the  Pennsylvania  railroad at  Pittsburg of 260 feet.    On the  Manhattan   Elevated road of New York, whoch does the heaviest   passenger  business  in   the   world, some of  the curves in rounding street  corners   have less  than 100feet radius.    By means  of the swivel  bogy truck- great Pullman cars 70 feet long round  curves of 300 to 400 feet radius, while in England  freight cars little larger than an  express wagon  could  not  round  a curve of less than 1,000 feet  radius, and a car as long as the Pullman would  stick  beyond   hope of  escape.    The   American  engine  also has  equalization   beams or  levers,  whose  object  is to keep the full  weight of the  engine on all the driving wheels in case it is-running on  rough   track.    The  English engine in  such a place might balance itself on two or three  driving wheels.  English locomotives were tried once on this  continent many years ago. The Grand Trunk  road of Canada was built by Englishmen, and  Jthey put locomotives and cars of the English  pattern on it. The trains refused to go and had  to be replaced with those of the American pattern. But the projectors did not take the lesson  home with them, and the English roads are  blundering along according to antiquated ideas.  The American type of locomotive is used in  nearly all the new countries of the world-  Canada, Australia, South America and Mexico.  The English type is used in the British islands  and on the continent of Europe.  Comer West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  Telephone 43.  HEST-0LASS   IN   EVEEY   RESPECT.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms arc large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE  IS  NOT  SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  JAS. DAW30N Ba CRADDOGK  PROPRIETORS  HEADQUARTERS   FOR   MINERS   AND  MINING   MEN.  RATES   $1.50   AND   $2.50   A   DAY.  Comer West Baker and Ward Streets,  XELSOX, B6. ���������.  The   Silver  King   is   in   it for  tlie   Season   of  J8!>2.  Tlie  Table will   l>e  Unsurpassed,   ���������iltiiet  and  Well-Lighted   Club   Itoom.s.  Ko Liquors and Oigars but the Best.  JOHNSON   Sl   MAHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  TZHZIE  ETJEOBEA3ST   E'L^.nST.  BROWN & YATES,  PROPRIETORS.  The above house has been newly furnished throughout and  is now open to travelers.    The table is one of the  best, in the the town.   The bar keeps the  finest brands of liquors and cigars.  NELSON.  Rates $3 and $i a. clay. Hot and cold water; electric  bells; billiard and club rooms; baths. All appointments  first-class. E. E. PHAIR, proprietor. __������___!  Si  Mr  m  <____������ii__a_^__ia.'Mi^.Yi���������T^^ mbwi_,m__. >������*__������  8  THE  MI_TEE:    ffELSOtf,   ������.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  APRIL  30,   1892.  '111''  ll  ^Mi  If  if,  ���������r-u-  , i'U'  ill:  J I;  I  ���������J  It  if  Is  III  IS  jf  Dealers in Dry Goods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is full and complete in every Department, and the Dublic will find it to their advantage to call and..inspect Goods  and compare Prices.  Telephone 27.  7, 9i:and 11 East Vemon Street, NELSON, B.C  .SMALL ' NUCiGETS   OF    BTKWS.  The Selous block, opposite the Phair hotel?  will be occupied by H. Selous, Gray, Perry &  Davys, and F. Stirsky, the latter a jeweler from  New Westminster.    Nelson   will   then   have a  jewelers. '"���������������������������_-'���������' ~' ':  C. E. Perry and R. "A. Cavill came in this  week from Victoria. .Mr. .'Perry'is'���������on his way  to Slocan lake to make surveys of the government reserves at the mouth 'of'Carpenter, creek  and at the north end of the lake. The one at  mouthof Carpenter creek will be surveyed first,  so that the lots can be placed on the market, at  an early date. Mr. Cavill is a mining expert  from England, and will make this section his^  headquarters for a time.  George'A. Keefer arrived at Nelson Friday  from Victoria. The work of reclaiming the  . land on the Kootenay reserved for the Grohman  syndicate will be commenced at once, mr.  Keefer .being*-.engineer-in-chief. The dredging  plant is now at Hevelstoke, and will be for-t  warded as soon as the transportation companies  can do so so as not to inconvenience the Hudson's Bay Company.  Owing to dissatisfaction on the part of one of  his bondsmen, Dan Dunn is no longer a wharf  contractor at Nelson. The wharf is being completed by the government, Andy Wallace acting  as foreman. Mr. Dunn says he was unfairly  treated���������and no doubt he was.  R. Marpole, A. W. Black, and Fred Baker of  the Pacific division of the Canadian Pacific are  taking a look at the Columbia & Kootenay  branch and the company's supply stores at Robson. The Miner, however, being no longer in .  the confidence of the magnates of "the greatest  railway on earth," these gentlemen did not call  at its sanctum to give inside information as to  the future intentions of the company.  Messrs. Hurry & Campbell intend to start a  dairy business in Nelson as soOn as they can get  their cattle in from 'the Kettle river. Fresh  butter will be a novelty to the Kootenay  pioneers which they will be likely to appreciate.  The Edison General Electric Company will put  in the electric light plant at Nelson, its agent,  ���������W.   T.   McCaskey   of  Spokane,   contracting  to  have the plant in operation by July 1st. The  plantwill be the best inlade by that company.  It is the intention of the electric light company  to make the rates so low to consumers that oil  will no longer be used, not even in residences.  Palmer Clarke of Vancouver, who is in Nelson  adjusting the Carney & Barrett fire loss, says  there will be less difficulty hereafter in securing  insurance in Nelson, from the fact that the representatives of the insurance companies were in  i%a >r* nce as to the efficiency of the water sup-  ply in case of fire. On the arrival of the fire apparatus ordered and the making of 'contemplated  changes in the size^ of the water mains, Nelson  will be as well protected from fire as any town  in the province.  Jack Walsh has returned to Nelson, and reports that J. Tolson is on his way in ; that real  estate in the old country is not booming, and  that Mashonaland is the country of the future.  It is within the range of possibilities that Nelson will before long possess a theatre, having  all modern improvements, including asbestos  fire-proof curtain, caleomined walls, and electric  lights. The investment would, no doubt, be a  good one for the capitalist who owned the building, but, itvis, at present, a question whether  the company having it would have much trouble in counting their parquet checks.  Sam Green of Ainsworth and Kaslo was in  Nelson a couple of days this week sizing up  Nelson as compared with Kaslo. He went back  to the villages on the western shore of Kootenay  lake firrnlv convinced .that the town at the  mouth of Kaslo creek, with its 2 stores, 2 hotels,  and 6 shacks, was not in it. He reported business at Ainsworth good and the mining outlook of that district promising.  Hunter & McKinnon have purchased G. A.  Bigelow's entire stock of groceries and shipped  the goods to their store at Eldorado City.  NOTICE.  By the terms of the sale, all accounts due The Miner  for advertising and job work, prior to May 1st, are payable to Houston & Ink. All amounts due for subscription  are payable to Bogle & Whalley.  HOUSTON & INK.  Nelson, April 25th, 1892.       BOGLE & WHALLEY.  STANLEY BROTHERS,  PORTRAIT    PHOTOGRAPHERS,  ...Are Opening a Photographic Studio.      ;  Fifty men to chop cord wood at Kootenay Lake, 8 miles  above Pilot Bay. Apply at Balfour Trading Company's  store, or on the work, q^v, 'J^.. )mvj;,jju,C- N: LA FRANCE.*;'/  APPLICATION   FOR   LIQUOR   LICENSE.  Notice is hereby given that I intend to make application  to the licensing board at its next sitting for a license for a  hotel at Slocan lake, where the Slocan trail joins the lake.  Dated, April 25th, 1892. THOMAS MULVEY.  APPLICATION   FOR   LIQUOR   LICENSE.  ^[Notice is hereby given that I intend to make application to the licensing board at its next sitting for a license  for a hotel at Slocan, near Columbia &; Kootenay railway  crossing. P. J. GALLAGHER."  Dated, April 21st, -1S92.A...  SALE   OF  GOVERNMENT   LOTS.  Purchasers who have not yet received their agreements,  can have them by applying to mr. Daly, manager of the  Bank of British Columbia. ~  _____ ___ ___________     _____  A meeting of the provisional directors of the Nelson  Electric Light Company, Limited, will be held on Monday  evening, May 2nd, 1892. JAMES A. GILKER.  CHARLES H. INK,  JOHN HOUSTON,  JOHNM'LEOD,  JOHN JOHNSON,  THOMAS MADDEN,  W. A. CRANE,  J.F.HUME,  F. S. BARNARD,  s Provisional directors.  Nelson, B. C., April 26th, 1892.  ~~ ~ NOTICE. "'  r"  * ...,\.; '  Until a permanent office can be secured, the Nelson  central exchange of the Kootenay Lake Telephone Company will b3 in G. A. Bigelow's store.  W. A. CRANE, secretary.  Nelson, April 30th, 1892.  NOTICE.  For the present the" undersigned will have desk-room in  the office of G. A. Bigelow. W. A. Crane is authorized to  give receipts for money paid on accounts due to them as  former owners of The Miner. HOUSTON & INK.  Nelson, April 50th, 1892.  Groceries, Hardware, Boots, Shoes,  Clothing, and G-ents' Furnishings.  Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  WHOLESALE DEPARTMENT.���������Wines, Liquors, and Oigars. AGENTS: Val Blatz- Brewing Co., Milwaukee; Northwest __rated Water  Co.; G-ooderham & Worts' Whisky.  !;M  m  .a;a  <V.'  m  rm  m  ������������������\rn  m  ��������� (��������� I  ��������� at  \n\  ii;.  If:  a?__3__,__3_p__ro_sr__j  s_  11  $*.:-*>���������>  S5-gg5SfBF^^  '��������������� :_^r *i

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