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The Miner Apr 25, 1891

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 s  //  #  .,���������/  Only Paper  Printed in the  lioolcnay talvc Min-  '��������� >: ing IMstricts.  ������?��������� '.ty ���������  X^y  ���������    For Kates." ���������  of Suhseription. and  ,.     Advertising1  See Fourth -Page.  DUMBER 45.  NELSON,  BEITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  APEIL   25,  1891.  $4 A YEAE.  A. "'"tiOLI).    INTEREST    SOT!������     AT '..dOOIl.     FIGURES;  An impression prevails oilthe outside that the  mineral of the Kootenay Lake country is either.  silver-lead or silver-copper, and that gold is only  found in combination with these minerals. This  is a. wrong  impression.    Lying  between Eagle  a/nd   Rover   creeks   and   extending  southward  from ..Kootenay--river-'is a belt in which  over a  hundred locations have been made.    The ledges  are well defined, as far as depth has been attained, and vary in   width from  18 inches to 6  .,;,. feet, and even wider.    The ore is free milling on  the surface, and carries from $20 to $150 to the  ton in gold.    The Poorman, on Eagle creek, the  Whitewater, on  Rover creek, the .Royal Canadian, between Eagle and Forty-nine creeks, and  the   Wild   Cat,   near* Eagle creek,  are the best  known of these gold properties.   The Poorman's  output last year yielded $30 to the ton, and a  mill test of ore from  the Whitewater gave a return of over $110 in  gold.    Work is now being-  done on several of these claims, and the Poor-  man  10-stanip mill will  be started up the first  week in May.    That they are attracting the attention of  capitalists is  evidenced by the fact  that this  week a quarter* interest in the Wild  Cat was sold for $12,500 by Hugh McRae to R.  C.  Fergurson and  R. G. Tatlow  of Vancouver.  H. H. Keefer still retains his half..-"interest, and  mr.c McRae     a     quarter.       If     arrangements  can be made, 30 tons of ore now on  the dump  will be run through the Poorman   mill to  test  its    value    and    if     a   satisfactory    return    is  .'had'machinery���������will.be placed on, the property  at once. The claim is opened up, by over 200 feet  of tunnels and crosscuts, and several thousand  tons of ore are exposed,    The width of the ledge  is not  known, only one wail  being exposed  by  the work done.    The vein  matter* is  similar to  that in the Poorman, that is, quartz carrying  free gold and sulphurets.  The attention of owners of gold properties, as  well as those desiring to purchase such properties, is called to the articles on the treatment of  gold ores which appear* on the second and sixth  pages of this issue of The Miner.  .Good  Lime - Kock JJ&iscovercd.  While-the Columbia & Kootenay railway will  be of little good to the lake country as a transportation route, yet several enterprises may be  the result of its building. One of these is the  manufacture of lime. In making a, thorough-cut  a short distance west of the crossing of the  Kootenay a stratum of lime'.'rock was exposed.  From tests made the 'rock was found to make a  superior* quality of lime. R. A. Bain bridge, the  engineer in charge of work, at this end of the  railway, and dr. Arthur, merely to show that  they were willing to take hold and help develop  the resources of the country, have already.got  a kiln partially completed, and expect to have it  burned by May 1st. The first kiln will contain  about 500 bushels, and if the product is as good  as that of the trial tests, the lime problem is settled in the lake country.  New  Finds  in  Goat River. district. .  Reports from Goat River district are very encouraging.    Several new discoveries  have been  made lately, chief among which is one by C. C.  Sproule and-George Long, at a point about half  a mile above "Jap" King's Alice. The owners  of the Alice have done considerable work this  spring in making trails and roads. Mr. King,  who was in Nelson on Tuesday, said that he had  been prospecting for a good many years, and  for* the first time had got hold of a property  (meaning the Alice) that he was not afraid to  work or let anv one else work.  Columbia ������ft  Kootenay .Steam' Navigation Company.  From this time on the steamer Lytton of the  above line will make regular trips between Revelstoke, a station on the Canadian Pacific, and  Little Dalles, the terminus  of the  Spokane &  Northern railway. She will leave Revelstoke  on Mondays and Thursdays at 4 A. M., and  Little Dalles on Tuesdays and Fridays at 9 A.M.  Connection will be made at Rpbson with the  Columbia & Kootenay railway. The company  expects to have the boat now building at Little  Dalles completed within a month, and when  completed it will make daily trips between Little Dalles and Robson. The steamer Kootenay  will also be put in commission by the 1st of May,  and. will be used as a freight''' boat. The machinery is ready for the new boat now building  at Nelson, and will be forwarded as soon as the  track of the Columbia & Kootenay is laid to  deep water f below Nelson. The track of the  Columbia & Kootenay is now within 3^.'miles of  Nelson, and by Wednesday next wilf'be at a  point on the outlet which can easily be reached  by steamboats.  WORK   TO    BE   COMMENCES*    AT    ONCE.  The provincial govern men t has taken prompt  action on a matter that concerns the mine owners of Toad Mountain district. Work is to be  commenced at once on the wagon road from  Nelson to the mines on  Toad mountain.    G. G.  Tunstall, gold commissioner for West Kootenay, is now at Nelson. His instructions were  to call for tenders and have the work done by  contract;-, but finding that the depth of snow on  the mountain end of the road made it impossible for contractors to make an estimate of the  cost of the work, he concluded to'telegraph for*  authority to have the road built by day's labor.  He expects to receive an answer by Tuesday,  and if favorable every .'man that can be obtained  will -be put to work On Wednesday.  Surveyors ��������� to  he  in  the Field   Within a   ftlonfn.  The  company  at  the  back   of   the Nelson &  Fort Sheppard railway will have surveyors in  the field within a month, and as soon as trie  route is definitely located construction work  will be commenced. The company is asking  the provincial government for terminal grounds  at Nelson, which if not granted will force- it to  goto "Bogustown," a mile farther up the outlet. However, little need be expected from Robson, Davie, Vernon, et ai., as W. C. Van Home  now carries these worthies around in his capacious hip pocket, occasionally exhibiting them  to his friends as curios.  little or no Freight'ISeing  Forwarded.  The wagon road between Bonner's Ferry and  Kootenay station is said to be in good condition,  except about 5 ���������-miles on the Kootenay station  end. The 5 miles was to have been corduroyed  by the Northern Pacific, the teamsters, and the  county in-which the road is situate; but, so far,  these interests have been unable to meet and  take action. Little or.no freight, for the lake  country is being forwarded, the,, teamsters preferring to haul supplies for the saloons and dives  along the Great-Northern right-of-way.  Must Arriving from Hall Creek.  The first dust from the Hall Creek placers  was brought to Nelson this week, and is good-  looking,   coarse  gold.     While   no  sluicing   has  been done on any of the claims, owing to the  depth of snow, good headway is'being made on  .drain ditches and other preparatory work.  The boys on the ground are all jubilant, several  of them claiming that the diggings are good for  an ounce a day to the man.  Elated at a New BMseovery.  The Highland, Daniro, and G. W. II., 3 claims  in Hot Springs district, have been surveyed for  crown grants. In surveying the Highland a 3-  foot ledge of carbonate and galena ore was discovered. The new discovery makes the High-  fand a valuable property, and its owner's���������J. C.  Rykert & Co.���������are greatly elated.  'TOWNS    ISACKEIV   UP    I5Y   MINEKA.L    WEALTH.  The people who have -real estate interests in  Nelson and Ainsworth believe that their interests are backed up by districts rich in mineral  resources; districts, too, that can neither, be  built up nor pulled down bys'jerkwater" railways like the Columbia & Kootenay^the building of which has retarded rather than aided the  development of the lake country^) As long as  water  stands  in   Kootenay   lake  and   runs   in  Kootenay  river*,   these  towns  and the mining  districts behind them are perfectly independent  of the Canadian Pacific railway and^ifs abortionlike branches.^  If the town of Nelson depended  on the Columbia & Kootenay railway for its ex-  istan ce, as at tor n ey-gen e'ral" Davie would make  the people believe, there would belittle need of  even a depot building at the place.    The town  ,'.. dcJes not depend   upon,  nor was it created  by,  the Columbia & Kootenay railway.     The town  was     created     by    prospectors     and     miners^.  they      considering      it       the      most     eligible  place   for    a    town    in    Toad    Mountain    district. ,   It    is    adjacent     to     several    of     the  finest-looking mines and prospects oh the Pacific slope, one of them���������t he Silver King���������'alone..  having  over  a  million dollars worth of ore in  sight.   \Its people are enterprising and public-  spirited, and for 2 years have been badly handicapped by a  lot of 'hoodling," blackmailing,  intriguing    government    officials    at    Victoria.  These officials have turned over more than one-  half the townsite to the  Canadian Pacific railway. For this the people of Nelson, under ordinary circumstances, would be thankful;   but now  that the town is fast becoming a city, they dislike to see the fruits of their labor diverted from  the provincial-treasury to   the -treasury- of the  greediest    railway    company    on    earth,   even  though "they,'as individuals," will profit by the  transfer. /  During the week a number of lots changed  hands, at prices in advance of those paid last.'  week. In fact, prices are now based on foot  frontage rather than on lots. H. Selous paid  $20 a front foot for 50 feet at the corner of East  Vernon and Josephine streets. John Houston  and Charles IT. Ink purchased 90 feet on West  Baker*, street at $30 a front foot, E. R. Atherton  purchasing j30 feet in the same block at the same  price. Richard Blundell purchased. 30 ..feet:at  .the.corner of West Baker and .Stanley streets  at $40 a foot. James Fox purchased 50 feet on  West Vernon street at; $20 a foot, R. C. Ferguson taking 50 feet hi the same block at the same  price. George II. Keefer, Harry M. Keefer, and  Job n O'Regan pu rchas.ed-- 50 feet n ext west of  the International hotel ax $25 a foot. A number* of lots changed hands at Ainsworth, at  prices ranging from $450 to $1000.' '-These-'prices  will double within 30 days is the prediction of  every man who is posted onihe mineral resources back of the 2 towns.  The  GrOliman   Reclamation   Work.  Operations were  suspended  last  week on  the  Grohman reclamation work at the rapids below  Nelson, Selous & Lewis having completed their  contract.     About 13,000 yards.of boulder's and  gravel  were removed   from the north   bank of  the river, the excavation extending 1200 to 1300  feet in  length, with  a width  of 145 feet at the  widest point and a depth of li   feet at the deepest.    That  the -work done has any appreciable  effect in lowering the water in  the"outlet is not  apparent, the water* seemingly rising as rapidly  as at this time last  year'.     If  is ��������� reported that  mr. Grohman is no longer managing director of  the   reclamation   company,   and   that   nothing  more will  be clone, until  the  whole scheme has  been looked into, and the feasibility of the work  reported on by a competent engineer.  Struek Ore on  the  Deinoernt.  In sinking on the Democrat, a claim in the Iroquois group, a vein carrying peacock copper  ore was struck at a depth of 25 feet.  &������  m THE   MINES:    1ELS0N,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  APEIL  25,   1891.  THE    MOIESWOIMH    ORE-RESMJCTION     PROCESS.  About 6 months ago a new process for extracting gold from pyrites  or other refractory matrices was invented by, Francis H. Molesworth  of Adelaide, South Australia.    Mr. Molesworth  had previously filled the position of lecturer on  analytical chemistry at the school of min es in  Adelaide, and had for some time been carrying  on experiments which resulted in .what promises  to become one of the most effective as well as  a. cheapest processes yet discovered for nearly all  kinds   of  refractory  ores.     At first mr. 'Molesworth" diriected his attention to the "extraction of  gold from pyrites, but as he continued his investigations   and  experiments   he  found that the  same  process, with  certain  modifications,  was  equally   adapted   to    the   extraction   of   other  metals, as copper, zinc, antimony, etc.    On the  invention   being  introduced to the notice  of a  '.'..few practical business men,.interested'in''mining'  pursuits,  they  agreed   to  form   a syndicate ,tou.  provide funds for erecting a large model plant,  and for securing patents for the invention in all  the  principal   mining   countries   of   the   world.  The model plant was,found capable of treating  about  a ton and a half of pyrites per day.    It  was in operation-.at .short intervals  during several weeks, and the interest felt in it was shown-  by   the numerous   visitors, scientific, practical,  and speculative, who went to see it at work.  The process consists in calcining the. crushed  ore or pyrites in a, cylinder, which is kept slowly  revolving in a furnace,'-where  only a moderate  degree of heat is required.    The cylinder in the  ��������� working model was 5 feet in  length, 1 foot in '  ���������.diameter at one end, and 9 inches at the other  (approximately).      Within   the   cylinder there  were a number of small  flanges for the purpose  of  carrying round   the  pulverized  mineral,   so  - that on reaching the top it   would fall clear to  the bottom ; the use of this arrangement will be  seen   presently.    The   cylinder   is  placed  at  a.  slight incline to facilitate the passing- of the ore  from one end to the other.    It is fed at the upper and larger end from a hopper which delivers  the ore into a small pipe containing an arcllme-  dian screw, so as to keep up a regular stream of  pulverized  ore into the cylinder*, the upper end  of which is otherwise closed.    In the center of  the top of the furnace an iron retort is placed a  few   inches   above the   cylinder.    The retort is  charged .with crude   nitrate of  soda moistened  with acid, and a bent tube conveys the gas down  into the lower open end of the revolving cylinder.  The gas  is a compound of oxygen and nitrogen, containing an excess of the former, and its  effect on the particles of heated ore as they fall  from the top to the bottom of the cylinder is remarkable;    from a dull red  they immediately  coruscate at almost a white heat, and the sulphur in the ore is rapidly and effectually driven  off.    Ths effect can be seen by removing a brick  in the end of the-furnace opposite the open end  of the cylinder.    The action  of the acid on the  nitrate of soda produces not only the gas above  mentioned,   but  also   nitric   and   hydrochloric  acid, as well as sulphuric from the sulphur contained  in   the  pyrites.    These  by-products are  derived  from the gases generated,   and which  are collected in a chamber especially constructed  for the purpose.    The cylinder is not allowed to  acquire  a greater degree of heat than what is  ^described as "dull red," and is made to revolve  slowly, so   that the ore occupies  from 10 to 12  minutes  in   passing  through it.     At   the lower  end if falls into a receptacle, and is found completely desulphurized,'so that it is fit for immediate  amalgamation.    But mr. Molesworth prefers treating it in a bath of aqua, regia prepared  from the acids before mentioned.    The gold being thus dissolved, the liquor* is filtered through  charcoal, which retains the gold, and the charcoal   being   placed   in   a   furnace,  the   gold   is  smelted and recovered.    Mr. Molesworth claims  that his process will save from 90 to 95 per cent  of all the gold contained  in  pyrites, and estimates the  cost of the operation at about $1 per  ton of crushed ore, this  cost including interest  on the  value of  tire plant.    The cost of a plant  to    treat    100   tons    per    week    is    estimated  at    between    $1500     and    $2000.      Hitherto it  has    been    difficult    by    most    of   the    ordinary    processes     to    save    more    than    60   per  cent  of the gold  in   pyrites,   so that   if Moles-  worth's patent will save 90 per cent, that will be  30 per cent   more than the ordinary processes  (putting the expensive one of chlorination out  of the question). Among other advantages possessed by the process are: (1). The saving in  grinding the 'ore,'-as screens of 48 holes to the  square inch are quite fine enough, the desulphurizing process effecting all that is necessary on  that grade. (2). In.'treating--sulphide ores an  excess of liquor is produced, and can be used for  treating other ore containing '"flour gold,"  w h i.c h by t h i s m eans can be read ily sa ved. (3),  The entire removal of the sulphur is not necessary so long as the pyrites are decomposed. (4).  It is impossible for the ore to "slag," as it must  come oul perfectly oxidized.  In the course of the exhibitions given of the  process, mr. Molesworth treated   very successfully auriferous antimony from the Mount Op hi r  mine in the  Hillgrove district  of New   South  Wales, leaving the gold free and bright.    Sulphide copper ore, much  mixed with iron, from  the Mutooroo   was   also   successfully operated  upon,   and   zinc   blende   in   combination    with  silver 'ore from  Broken  Hill.    The treatment of  the antimonial ores was especially admired, and  all the experts -who witnessed it-were, loud  in  their, "-praise.of. the process.    In  the case of the  copper ores, many pieces as large as hens' eggs  were   desulphurized  in   12 minutes  on   passing  through the cylinder, thus showing that it   is  only in the'case of the precious metals that pulverization, is necessary.    If the working of the  Molesworth  process on a large scale proves as  effectual as when shown at the model .works, if  will revolutionize gold mining in Australia, and  make  remunerative'., hundreds,   perhaps  thousands of claims, that  cannot now   be profit a bly  worked.-. ���������'    " ,  " . . .   ���������  A Stranse, Strong;  Personality.'  A   London   correspondent   of   an   American  -.'papers-writing of sir Charles Dilke's return to  political life  as   the  representative  of his  old  borough, the Forest of Dean, says this will not  surprise anybody who knew7 anything of the inwardness of the Crawford-Dilke divorce case,  but considerable interest will be taken in the  statement which Dilke is about, to'.make public.  When the crash came sir Charles was next, in  succession to Gladstone as the leader of the Liberal party, with Joseph Chamberlain striving  for the place. I shall not be surprised if the.  member for Birmingham' should be placed on  exhibition,���������as the man he is.  In August of 1887, I met sir Charles Dilke in  the first instance, at the office of the Athenaeum,  which he owns, at Tooke's court, Cursitor street,  Chancery lane, in a queer, ramshackle, tumbledown house that looked for all the world as if it  were a special survival of the days immortalized  by Phiz, when he illustrated Dickens's novels.  After some conversation it was agreed that I  should call at his own house next day, when he  promised to .show me his working room and  some of his treasures. He is a man of many  homes, for he owns a chateau somewhere in the  south of France, a river house at Dockett Eddy,  Shepperton, and an inland cottage at Pyrford,  Maybury, near Woking.  No. 76 Sloane street, which was the theater of  those events which culminated in the Crawford  divorce case, is a house of many angles, corners,  stories and half stories. In a garden behind are  several large trees, while the front windows  look out over the ample expanse of Cadogan  gardens. The property originally belonged to  sir Hans Sloane, the founder of the British  museum. The house was built 100 years ago,  but, additions have been made irregularly from.-  time to time; the walls are finished in dull yellow distemper, with a wainscoat in black, paneled in turkey-red, the door being painted to  match. The effect is antiquated, queer, quaint,  and old-worldly in the extreme. Sir Charles received me in his working room, which is situated  on the third half-story back. The walls and  tables of this room are littered with various  bric-a-brac and trifles, gathered by their owner  during his many pilgrimages in foreign' lands.  Russia, Asia, and the far east are alike represented, for there is a long panorama of the  Rockies from Denver, done by sir Charles himself, and I don't know how many interesting  trifles that I have no space to enumerate; but I  must not omit the white patch of calico crossed  with red, a reminiscence of the time when sir  Charles wore the Geneva cross and served in the  ambulance of vaterland during the Franco-  Prusssian war.  Sir Charles Dilke is a strange strong person  ality, broad, bulky and powerful in ,mind and  body. When I met him in the office of the  Athenaeum he was ill at ease, nervous,.,and re-  pellant. The impression was unpleasant. With  fuller knowledge came that -regard, which ever  has been and even today is conceded him.  Many moons have waxed and waned since I met  sir Charles Dilke in that house which was so  sadly famous when the crash that wrecked;.his  life came. Of his guilt or innocence I only  know what the world said and what was sworn  to. For all that, the.man has a marvelous hold  upon the love,-'admiration, and even reverence  of the best brains in Britain; his is a momtal and  bodily presence that grows upbii-pne wondrously.  Now, after many days, during which I have met  many men, and some mighty ones, his personality asserts its supremacy. His has been a life  of event,'winnings and losings, and I should not  be surprised if, after all the past, he comes to  the front again, to be a fair, bold fighter like  his old-time ancestor*, sir* Peter Went-  woi'th, who fought" king On one side and Cromwell on the other in the long parliament, and  was the only man who dared the lord protector'  when he ordered colonel Harrison to turn out  the commons, and "take a way that bauble." If  ever the day does come when he can farce.the  world once more, how the masses and the classes, ��������� ���������"���������  the thinkers and the actors of his time and  nation will shout aloud in welcome. In a letter  I   took occasion   to   repeat   mv estimate of  his  ��������� i ���������        ���������/ .  talents. I have mislaid the note in which he  replied, but his words 'are fresh in ciuy memory.  It was just a line:  "I would rather you would  trust in my,honor  than praise my ability."  ; That was all.  many a time since. The man who wrote them  has kept silence all these years. When he speaks  the world will listen.  I have thought of those words  Will contract for the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Gor. Baker and Josephine Sts.  ARCHITECT,  CONTRACTOR  AND   BUILDER,  NELSON,    15. ���������.  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings.  R. J.  HILTS.  JOHN  LEE.  CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS,  NELSON,   'B. C.  Estimates made on all kinds of buildings, and con-'  . tracts carried out with expedition.  BRICK AUD STONE MASON,  PLASTERER.  Will contract to do brick and stone work, also plastering  and calcirnining. Leave orders at J. Fred Hume & Go's,  9 and 11 East Vernon street, Nelson, B. C.  The Pioneer Barber Shop,  PROPRIETOR.  SHAVING,   HASR  CUTTING,  SHAMPOOING,  all in artistic style and at the usual prices.  Will put in bath-rooms as soon as a suitable building can  be rented.   Shop at present in Edson & Co's restaurant, 13 East Baker street.  mm  ��������� i i*  S*1 a."  ������^?p^^  I.-.v >  P*.*__: THE  MlSEE:    KELSON,  B. "O.,   SATUEDAY,  APEIL 25,  189L  c-������srf--'  DO NOT USE POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  MOLDINGS,  are for sale in.any quantity by the  NELSON  SAWMILL CO.  "...Yard:.'. At end of Flume in Nelson.  Mill:  Two Miles South:"'of Nelson.  Builders concede that  the\ lumber from our mill is ALL  OF FIRST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough, and  dressed.   Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  delivered   promptly   in ^any  part of Nelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low prices.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber���������good, bad, and indifferent ��������� on  hand or made to order.  & 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January 15th.  The Davies-Sayward  SawmillComp  MANUFACTURERS  OF  OF EVERY  DESCRIPTION.  ZPIRIOIE LIST  (DELIVERED  AT NELSON,  AINSWORTH,   OR   BALFOUR).  BMRESSES*.  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M  ..   . $32 00  No. 2         ".      6 inch, " ..... 27 00  No. 1 ceiling, 4 inch, "  32 00  No. 2        "       6 inch, "  27 00  Rustic, "    27 00  Select clear, DD, "        40 00  No. 1 common, D, '���������'*���������'      25 00  dd,     - ::;.::.;.;;;; 2700  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot.     10  StOBJ&Kff.  No. 1 common, perM.  $20 00  No.2       " " ...15 00  Culls, *'     12 00  Shingles, "                 4 50  ' MOI<l>INGS.  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot .2i@10c  Mills at Pilot. Kay, Kootenay ILaJkc.  Geo. G. Bushby,   .   .   .   Manager  A   BAD   MAN   IN   TBOVBIE.  Thomas Brady, the man sent from Nelson to  the jail at Kamloops, in June last, for stabbing  William  Gorman, is again in trouble.    It will  be reniembered that he made a break'f or liberty  from the Nelson lockup while awaiting to be  conveyed to Kamloops, and that he also escaped  from the guards at Kamloops while at work on  the streets of that town. According to the following from the Kamloops Sentinelof the 11th,  Brady's 18-month jail sentence is merely a preliminary to a term in the pentitentiary.  On the morning of the 6th Brady made a murderous attack on constable McLaren, who has  charge of the chain gang at Kamloops.    Brady  is  a  very powerful fellow, and   is required to  wear a pair of manacles instead of one, as worn  by  other prisoners.      He was  brought before  judge Spinks and committed for trial on the following evidence: :  James C. McLaren, whose face was bandaged,  was examined by mr. Hussey, and deposed that  hewas provincial constable and convict guard,  and on Monday morning last at eight o'clock he  took out the chain gang, of which the prisoner  was one.    When I arrived at the cut at which  we were working I placed the prisoner and another of the gang on  the outer side of the cut  near the track.    Brady had been shoveling his  stuff to one side, arid when the wagon came up  I ordered him to throw into it.    He did so, but  when the wagon moved out he ceased to work.  I ordered him  to resume work, but he replied  that he would do all he intended to do when the  wagon was in.    I told him  to give none of his  chat, and he replied :    "You monkey-faced son  of a b������������������-I've done all 1 will do for you anyway."    I told him I would  have him punished  for using such language, when he stooped down,  picked up a stone, and said he would knock my  brains out.    I drew my gun and told him that if  he did  not put the stone dowu I would shoot  him.    He raised  his  hand back, as if to throw  the stone and said,  "There is nothing in your  gun."    He threw the stone, and I drew the trigger, but the gun  missed fire.    He then threw a  stone which struck me on the side of the head.  He then said,  "You son of a b������������������-I have you  now and I'll fix you plenty."   I fired again, and  as he still kept coming for me I fired the second  shot.    He fell, and   I  thought I  had wounded  him.    I put the gun away, and told him to get-  up and walk back to the gang.   He straightened  up, and, saying  he would  take a  walk,   went  over the bank.    I went ahead to stop him, and  he picked up a piece of board, about.3 feet long,  3 inches wide, and about 1 inch thick, and running towards me said he would knock my brains  out.    He tried to strike me with it, but I warded  off the blow and after a tussle with him, took it  from him, and struck him over the head with it.  About that time Alexander McDonald came to  my assistance.    I then ordered Brady back to  the gang and he went.    I next ordered them in  and brought them back to the jail.  The prisoner, whose head was clothed in bandages, proceeded to cross-examine the witness,  and asked: " Did you say to me, 'You son of a  ���������������������������, I suppose because you've got your mate  out here you think you can do as you like with  me?';'  Witness���������I may have said it after I was  struck. I did not fire the shot before I was  struck with the rock, nor did I strike you with  the stick before the rock was thrown. I did not  snap the pistol twice before the stone was  thrown.  "If I wanted to injure you without a cause,"  asked the prisoner, "hadn't I often a better  chance than this?"  "I don't know that you had," answered the  witness. "I had the same protection at all  times, as I am never without my pistol."  Mr. Hussey examined the witness, who explained that the prisoner threw 3 or 4 stones at  him. The one which struck him was larger  than his fist. The stone struck him on the left  side of the head, breaking a bone. From the effects of the injuries he was still suffering.  The informations were read to the prisoner,  who refused to make any statement. He was  committed for trial.  Sinking a Sl������:ift on the Democrat.  John   R.   Cook,   Mike   Kealy,   and   William  Ryan are sinking a shaft on the Democrat, a  claim in the Iroquois group. They expect to  have it down 35 feet within a month.  W. J.  WILSON.  W.  PERDUE.  WILSON  &  PROPRIETORS  OF  .AT.  NELSON AND AINSWOETH.  Will contract to supply mining companies and steamboats  with fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine or  landing in the Kootenay Lake country.  CORRAL AND STABLING  ,     AT NELSON, "":  where saddle and pack animals can always be hired, and  teams obtained for job teaming.  ZUE.A.IKIIK!   COnSTTRACTS  with merchants for hauling freight to or from railroad  depot and steamboat wharf.  NELSON  OEFICE AND MARKET,  IMO. ii EAST BAKER STREET  "llTOTJS McINTYRE,  PROPRIETOR OF THE  n03STE3_El_R  CORRAL am STABL  1 ��������� ���������  Ward Street,  rear 4������oveninieii& ISiiilding:,  NELSON, B. C.  Will undertake any work or contract in which pack animals or teams can be used.    Will furnish  SADDLE AND PA0K ANIMALS  to parties who wish to examine mines and claims  in Toad Mountain district.  WILL 0ONTEACT TO CAEEY PASSENGEES  and baggage to and from hotels ; also, freight  to and from steamboat wharves and  railway depots.  CONTRACT TO GRADE LOTS IN NELSON.  Tlic undersigned is prepared to do operative  dentistry at his office, on Stanley street, from  2 to 4 l\ M. (Sundays excepted). All work  guaranteed for one year.   Terms strictly cash.  E.C.ARTHUR, A.M.,M.D,  Nelson, B. C, February 27th, 1891.  this  simc;e  is  reserved  fobs  DRUGGIST.  a  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DRUaS,  PATENT  MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class       ,..  drug stores.  CIGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  m  5^  T^Vj   ������ j ������i  V- THE  MINEE:    NELSON,  B.   0���������   SATUEDAY,  APEIL  25,   1891.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months $2.50, one year $4.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  1 rate of $3 an inch (down the column) per month. A.  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches.  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a less period than 3 months considered transient and  . must be,, paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth Notices free if weight of child is given;:if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. Marriiige  announcements will Be charged from fit to $10���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good style at  fair rates.   Cards  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  .' in stock.'       ...    ': .- - _ ;.  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as 4<01d Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  will not be printed on any consideration.  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  EDITORIAL.: REMARKS..  The legislative assembly adjourned on Monday last. The interests of corporations like the  Canadian Pacific and rich employers of labor  like the Dunsmuirs were carefullv looked after;  the poor people of the province having no interests that -required looking after.  ' its  '  When a member of the provincial government stood up in the house and said, "had it  "not been for the enterprise of the Columbia &���������  " Kootenay railway the town of Nelson would  " not exist," that member uttered a monstrous  lie, and he should take front rank among the  monstrous liars of the age.  The Columbia & Kootenay Railway Company  was granted 200,000 acres of land for building 28  miles of road between the Ooiumbia river and  Nelson.    The land  was to be taken in blocks 4  miles   square,   from    unoccupied,    unreserved,  and  unrecorded   crown   lands.      Nothing  contained in the act granting the bonus was to be  construed to interfere with free miners entering  upon  and  searching for   precious   metals  and  acquiring claims in accordance with the mining  laws of  the  province.    The  railway  company  designated the blocks , but instead of the blocks  being taken  from unoccupied, unreserved, and  unrecorded lands,  they  included  within   their  boundaries   hundreds   of   mineral   claims   and  thousands of acres of  purchased and  occupied  lands.     Naturally  the  owners  of  the  mineral  claims objected to their property being included  within the   blocks,  and made their objections  known    to    the   government.     Although   trie  letter   and     spirit     of     the     law      was     being     plainly       violated       by      the      railway  company,     the    provincial    government    did  not see fit to make the company comply with  the law; instead, at the session just closed, mr.  Robson, the premier of the province, introduced  an act to amend the "Columbia and Kootenay  Railway Subsidy Act, 1890."   By the amended  act, the railway company  is allowed to  make  the blocks not less than 2 miles square, and the  shore line of any lake or-stream may be taken  as a boundary line for one or more sides of any  such blocks, and when so taken the area of any  such blocks may be less than 2 miles square, but  shall be considered as containing the full area. In  all cases, except  as  to lands  surrounding  and  within 3 miles of the townsite of Nelson and as  to lands surrounding and within 3 miles of the  terminus of the railway on the Columbia river,  the blocks must be exclusive of any lands purchased or preempted  before the passage of the  act, but in the cases of any blocks surrounding  Nelson and the terminus of the railway on the  Columbia river, the area of such blocks may include such purchased and preempted lands for  the purpose only of ascertaining the extent of  such blocks, and the blocks shall be deemed to  be 2 miles squai^e, and the company shall not be  entitled to any additional allowance for the  lands which have been so purchased or preempted. The company is also granted such portion of the government reserve of the town-  site of Nelson as shall equal the area already  sold by the government, together with one-half  of the remainder of the reserve to be selected in  alternate blocks of equal size.  In  discussing the bill in the house, premier  Robson   referred  to  the fact   of  the people of  Kootenay appearing to think that they owned  the whole public domain, as evidenced by the  man per in which they passed their resolutions  with respect to public concerns.   The people of  Kootenay may be mistaken in their belief that  they have a right  to ask their servants to do  their bidding.    John Robson is one of their servants;   but  John,  like   many another  servant  puffed up  by long  retention in a fat position,  acts as if he were the master and the people who  pay him   were the servants.    One of these fine  days John will fake a tumble���������out of office.  When the bill was up for consideration in the  house, inr. Kellie, the representative from West  Kootenay, protested against its passage, saying  that it gave the railway company power to skin  Kootenay district of every acre of good land in  it. Notwithstanding mr: Kellie's protests, the  bill was passed to a second reading by a vote of  17 to 9, and afterwards became law.  t The townsite of Nelson is therefore handed  over, hag and baggage, to the owners of a jerkwater railway who have not expended as many  dollars in West Kootenay as have the mine-  owners of the district; yet when the mine owners and prospectors of Toad Mountain division  of the district asked for the privilege of purchasing lots on which to erect homes they were met  with a rebuff and forced to bid for them at a  public sale, and then only on condition that  they erect a building to cost $500 on each 25-foot  lot. Yet at this late day, when these mine owners, and not the railway company, have proved  that Nelson is the center of one of the richest  mining districts in the province, the railway  company is presented with a lot for every lot so  purchased by the prospector and mine owner.  No more evidence is needed to prove to the people that the Robson government is but the  creature of the Canadian Pacific railway, and  that its members are at all times ready to sacrifice the interests of the people at the behests of  that corporation.   The Revelstoke Star says "The Miner would  " like to have the gold commissioner of West  " Kootenay removed from Revelstoke to Nelson.  " The commissioner is a gentleman who makes  " a very desirable citizen and we don't wonder  " at our contemporary trying to secure him as a  " resident of Nelson; but he is also an efficient  " officer, and with his present assistants is able  "to perform his duties thoroughly and to the  " entire satisfaction of everyone. While there  " are more claims in the lower country, Revel-  " stoke is the best point from which to superin-  " tend the work throughout the entire district  "of West Kootenay. The government knows  " this fact and will not remove gold eommis-  " sioner Tunstall from Revelstoke just to please  "The Miner." We are perfectly aware that  the government is not likely to do anything that  will please The Miner. The present government is so constituted that it has little use for  any man or any newspaper that is not either a  through-thick-and-thin adherent or a lick-spittle  supporter. The Miner has maintained that  ������������������fullv three-fourths of the business of the district  originates in the Kootenay lake divisions of the  district, therefore the gold commissioner and  government agent should be required to reside  where the business originates, and riot away up  at the north end of the district merely to keep  a dying town alive. The Miner backed up its  arguments with facts and figures taken from  the report of the minister of mines. If the minister of mines, who is-also premier of the province, desires to be guided by the wishes of the  m inority, rather than a 'majority, of the people  of the district, it is time that he should step  down.-from his high positron, and let some more  honorable man manage the affairs of the  province. " AA  "'Before election John Robson posed as a friend  of the working man. Since the election he has  worked like a beaver to retain the tax on men  working in quartz mines and for the repeal of  the Coal Mines Regulation Act, an act that prohibited the employment^ of Chinese in coal  mines. Yet, mr. Robson poses as an honest,  christian gentleman. That he is a christian will  not be denied, but that: he is honest is a point on  which people will differ hereafter.  Public Questions Considered.  A public meeting, called to consider questions  affecting Toad Mountain  district and  Nelson,  was held at Lemon's hall on Wednesday night.  G. E. R. Ellis'.-was; elected chairman and John  W. Tolson secretary.    An agent of an insurance  company stated that his company had instructed  him to cancel several policies if canvas buildings  were allowed   to   be  erected   adjacent  to   any  buildings   on   which   the  company  had  taken  risks.    After discussing  the  question, the  fire  wardens, who were present, stated they would  see that the law, as they understood it, would  be strictly enforced. The next question considered was that of the proposed hotel on block 13.  At the sale of lots in October last, R. E. Lemon  and Dan McGillivary stated that if allowed to  purchase block 13 they would find the money to  erect on the block a, hotel to cost not less than  $12,000. At that time all the people of Nelson���������  not in the hotel business���������saw the necessity of  a first-class place of accommodation for tourists  and mining men, at-the same time believing  that no one thing would be of greater advantage  to the town than a hotel, managed as such and  not as a saloon. Messrs. Lemon and McGillivray  purchased the lots with the understanding on  the part of other lot purchasers that if the hotel  was erected on any of the lots, the building conditions imposed by. the government would be  complied with on the entire block. It seems  that that arrangement does not now suit the  Canadian Pacific Railway Company, the government's full partner in the Nelson townsite,  and a "kick" has been made that messrs. Lemon  and McGillivary, or their successors, be compelled to erect buildings on each of the lots in  the block. The sense of the meeting was unanimous in favor of the hotel scheme as originally  undertaken, and to that end a petition was  ordered circulated for the signatures of property  owners, the petition to-be sent to the chief commissioner of. lands and works at Victoria, as expressions of the views of the people of Nelson  in the matter. The next day the petition was  signed by more than three-fourths of the resident property owners.  The wharf question was then taken up. On  being called on, rnr. Selous stated that while in  Victoria recently he had called on the chief  commissioner of lands and works and gave that  official to understand that the Canadian Pacific  wharf was of no use to the people of Nelson, because of its being in a location that could only  be reached by crossing a mud flat, impassable  for-teams six months in the year. This information, seemed to surprise mr. Vernon, who  said he had made arrangements with the railway company for the people of Nelson to have  free access to the company's wharf.    On a dia-  ii. ������*������i 11   sag^EBigasg^^  r*fis!"i THE   MINE&:    NELSON,  B.O.,  SATUEDAY,  APEIL  25,  1891.  Dealers in Dry G-oods, G-roceries, Provisions, Canned Goods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty,  The stock is full and comrjletein every Department, and the public will find it to their advantage to call and inspect G-oods  ';���������>"'.��������� .>..'������������������<>���������.       -������������������:....-.--,. and compare Prices.  Main Street, REVELSTOKE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  gram of the water frontage being made by mr.  Selous, the chief commissioifer promised that he  would give the matter his careful consideration,  and if he could see his way clear would set  apart $1500 or $2000 to build .a'''government  wharf. On motion, the secretary was instructed  to draft a resolution, to the effect that a wharf  was badly needed at Nelson and that it should  " be built at once,oand forward it to mr. Kellie,  our representative, at Victoria, to enable him to  take prompt action in the inatter.  Other questions   were  considered, the action  taken being chronicled on another ]3age.  !>cath of   c< Australian Tom."  On ^yednesday of'last week all that was mortal of Thomas Higstrhh was tenderly carried to  a  quiet, nook   on   the slope   of the  fir-clad hill  that   overlooks   the   town   of   Ainsworth   and  Kootenay lake, every man in the camp turning  out to pay their last "respects to a brother* prospector.    At the grave -Henry Anderson read the  impressive    burial    service    of    the    Episcopal  church.    The   cause  of  death  was pneumonia,  the    illness    lasting   but    6   days.    Mr.   Higs-  ti'im was born  near Sydney, New South Wales,  Australia, on the 14th'of August, 1855.    He followed   a   seafaring   life   for  a   time,   then   became a prospector, following that business for  several years, both in the United States and in  British   Columbia.    In   1887   he  sold  a   mining  claim at Ruby City, Washington, for a sum said  to be $10,000.'   He then took a trip home to Australia, and from thence to England.   He arrived  at  Donald, in   (.his  province,   in   the  spring of  1889, and   put in   the   year prospecting in that  section   of    Kootenay   district.      He   came   to  the lake country last summer,' and shortly after  his arrival at Nelson concluded that Hot Springs  district was a good field to prospect in, and since  that time has made that camp his headquarters.  He was known as  "Australian Tom," and was  quiet and  unassuming  in   disposition and character.    His people are said to be well connected  in Australia.    A neat cross and a railing around  the grave, are silent testimonials of the estimation  in   which  he  was  held  by the prospectors  'and miners of Hot Springs-district.  We've  Been  Laboring  Under a  Delusion..-  The Miner has all along been laboring under  a. delusion regarding mr. Mara's self-seeking inclinations. Instead of being a self-seeker, the  following letter -proves that the member* for*  Yale district is a generous, fair-minded business  'man:  W. J. Saunders, Balfour���������Dear Sir: Yours of the  20th ultimo received a few days ago. I have already applied for a postoffice at Balfour* to be opened in the spring,  although I was never requested to do so by the lake people. The only one who spoke to me on the question was  mr. Busk, when I was at Balfour last fall. At that time  his was the only house completed, and he told me he could  not accept the position of postmaster, as his business called  him away the greater part of the lime. It is not my intention to carry the mail on our boat so long as dr. Hendryx  will run one of his stoamei\s. He was the first on the lake;  he carried the mail for nothing for years, and is fairly entitled to all that the postotiice department will pay him  for the work. If there is, as you say, an impression that I  want to carry the mail, you will do me a favor by contradicting it.    Yours truly, J. A. MARA.  Revelstoke, March 16th.  KER & WELLS';  Postoffice Store, Nelson,  It. C.  AND GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS.  ALSO,  FULL LINES OF  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  HUDSON'S  BAY  AND  AT,  ANNOUNCEMENT.  To the Editor of The Miner : Please reserve a space  in your paper for.W. Kirkup & Co., who will open a general stove and tin business at Nelson as soon as a carload  of goods arrive from the east, which will be about the first  week in May. W. KIRKUP & CO.  Revelstoke, April 7th.  (Late' Walsh's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET.  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  ES   SVlcDONALD   &  GO.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $6.50 to $500. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and Wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will receive early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Dohcrty organs.  MAIN STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  KraCjj?"  CONVEYANCING.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  G-EO. E. R. ELLIS, F.'C. S.  MINING   ENGINEER   AND   CHEMIST,  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of  the World," etc.; expert in the "Bluebird  Mining Suit" (Butte City);  .NELSON, 15. ���������.  Will examine and report on, or superintend the development of, mining properties in West Kootenay; advises on the treatment of ores, and furnishes specifications of mining, milling, and smelting plants.  ASSAY CSffAK&ES : -Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each.  Gold and silver, or lead and silver, $2. Copper, $2.50.  Silver and copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold,  silver, and copper, $4 ; and so on.  C IEEE Q I C   H ������  Pianos,0rgans, Sewing Machines,  .FOR  SALE'.CHE A I*.  Wholesale and retail.    None but first-class instruments  handled. A. J. ROSS, Calgary, Alberta.  Ainsworth, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us willavoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  NOTARY PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc,  Agent for mineral claims; crown grants obtained   foy  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  L.65?  nnmmnmi THE  MINER:    NELSON, 3. C,  SATURDAY,  APRIL  25,  1891.  THE    BEST    METHODS    TO    TREAT    ������OLI>     OI������ES.  It is not an assumption to say that in the past  25 years I have written more on the wastage of  the precious metals than any one orthy time, at  least, within my knowledge. Yet others realize  the fact and have done good work in the same  direction; notably for California, Henry G.  Melville Atwood and Louis Blanding. I have  written so much on the subject that it maybe  considered an injury to me, as many deem it a  hobby rather than the emanation of deduced  facts. There are many writers on the subject (if  gold, and manv assert the fact, of a loss, but  their declarations are too often assertions, without being supported by actual tests of their*.own,,  making". Yes, I have written much and expended no small amount of nioney and time to  find out facts about which men who do not spend'"  their time and money do not get at, but think  are not so.    They are content with the "think,"  I have labored to know.    A man whose life has  been spent among the rocks and  metals 'cares  but -little for the "think" of mankind, and that's  my case.    To say that silver milling is far in advance of gold milling, with all its improved appliances,   is  stating a demonstrated   fact,   too  plain to He doubted by those who will try arid  upset the position   by asserting that gold has  nearly double the specific gravity of silver, consequently it should settle and be taken up more  readily, but this is false reasoning, when applied  to the   bulk  of gold   bearing rocks.    There  are  other questions that must be considered.    First,  the atomic character of gold in its matrix; and  second the envelopment of rebellious substances.  Although my tests heretofore have been many  and  varied, yet the past year has enlarged my  knowledge of loss, and which has increased the  wonder that so few give heed to so important  a matter, and do not seek to benefit themselves  by closer investigation and more careful manipulation. <*���������"���������'  To, overcome this loss has been my earnest  study for many years, and to a very great extent I have succeeded. That there is an incredible amount of gold that from various causes  floats, and is carried off with the water over ail  ���������'machinerythat can be placed to retain it, and  which will move on as long as there is even  the least density of water or agitation of it, I  see and know. Some will explain "we all know  that," but the extent of this lost value the great,  body of miners do not know.  A very great loss is made from several facts:  1st, the great value of all gold-bearing rocks is  in very fine gold; 2nd, that you are never satisfied with your milling results when compared  with your assays or "think" value; that failure  after failure occurs on gold properties because  they do not save the metal; 4th, that a rush of  water exerts a power to wash off the sand and  why not the gold?  It was only a few months ago you published  an article from an English writer on the subject  of imperfect milling of gold rock, and who asserted that from   the  civilized world came the  same story.    I  am   firmly  of  the  opinion that  the free gold product of the majority of all the  gold mills in all our states and territories can be  doubled.    This belief is founded on the fact that  in all my larger* or smaller tests I never failed  in doubling the yield, and in the majority of instances have exceeded  it  when .'testing "by the  dry way.    A friend at my elbow says :    "What  is the use of your writing these articles ;   mill-  men will not heed them, and   why give  your*  knowledge  and tests away?"    While  I  admit  there is force in the observation, yet the gold  fields are extensive enough for us all, and my  work may be a benefit to some one if not to myself.    I   cannot   but   think, however, that  it   is  fooling away time  to write  these articles, as so  few   believe  and so few heed,  the assertion of  facts made  by others when not in accord with  their own ideas;   but to the public the ideas go  for what they may choose to place upon them.  You have the labor and thoughts at no cost to  you, and it is for you to seek the truth of them  to gain the profit."  As a verification of these ideas of loss, I will  here give a few important tests which may be  of interest to some of your readers.  One of the tests having a good lesson in it, was  the taken up of a given quantity of tailings,  water and all, after it had passed from the bat  tery over* silver plates, and blanket concentrators, and  then over 60 feet of riffles.    Water  tailings, etc., by measurement, passed off at the  rate of 20 gallons per minute.    This bulk of .material was allowed to rest for 24 hours before the  water was  drawn off for drying the  residue.  The tailings were then Carefully dried, sampled,  and assayed, with the result of $7.80 per ton.  The material was then charged with clear water*,  and agitated so as to produce what we recognize  as muddy water fi'om the batteries.    This was  then -drawn off free of any grit of the tailings,  and was also allowed 24 hour'sfor settling, when  it  was drained,   dried,  sampled,   and  assayed,  ���������/with a result of $3.65, and this on what could  not be considered oyer $10 rock, as the highest  estimate of its value.    The figuring.On this test  can be summed upas follows:    There was passing off from the batteries every 24 hours, 28,800  gallons, a loss of about ������ of a cent per gallon of  water and tailing's, equaling $72 per 24 hours, an  amount a small fraction less than $5 per ton for  quantity worked, and this after the sulphurets  had been taken up.  For another test 100 tons of rock were crushed  by the. battery, without regard   to  amalgamation, either in the battery or on silver plates, or  concentrating, the sulphurets.    The material as  crushed passed to a tank (No. 1), from No. 1 to  tank ^o. 2,.'from  No. 2 to tank No. 3 (now as  muddy water*), from  No. 3 to tank No. 4, from  No. 4oto No. 5"; the water from No. 5 was then  used as required by arrastras.    Tanks No. 1 and  2 were not sampled, as they.contained, the bulk  of the material and value for working in arras-,  tras.    Of all the rock crushed, about 16 per cent  passed into tanks Nos. 3, 4, and 5; .these-were  carefully sampled and assayed, with the following result:    Tank No. 3 gave $5 per ton.    Tank  No. 4 gave $4.85 per ton.   Tank No. 5 gave $3.40  pert ton.    Muddy  water taken from   the  pipes  gave a  residue,   after  evaporating  the   water,  that assayed $3.30 per* ton.    Of course there was  but very little of this, yet enough to show that  gold, was still passing on.    The size of the above  tanks averaged about 250 cubic feet -ejach.  This test was on what was considered low-  grade ore ; on higher grade, no matter how free  the gold (say $12 to $20 and higher), the loss in  muddy .water would be possibly equal to the  amount saved by the best manipulation, by  battery and silver-plate working, wet. Qf  course, this cannot apply to what may be considered grain gold or specimen rock.  Another lot of over* 200 tons, crushed by battery, with all ore run into tanks for arrastra  .working, and having the inuddy water passed  on into two other tanks, each 18 x 17:3 feet deep  (inside measurement), gave an interesting lesson as follows : From tank No. 1, receiving the  muddy water, it flowed into No. 2 at the top of  the tank. Taking the two tanks, there was retained 16 per cent of all material crushed, tank  No. 2 having one-third of tank No. I.  The value"of tank No. 1 showed by assay that  it contained 15 per cent of the full assay value  of the material crushed, while tank No. 2 gave  12 percent, leaving off fractions.  Another very surprising and yet very practical test is the following : I took 90 tons of ore  for working, part by battery and silver-plate  amalgamation, then concentrating on blankets,  part by arastras, wet working, but with the Ore  crushed dry.  Then 30 tons by dry reduction and dry amalgamation, with the following results : The battery and silver plates gave a yield of 59.4 cents  in free gold per ton,'with concentrations not exceeding $2.50 per ton of ore reduced, making a  total of $3.10 per ton. The dry ore worked by  arrastras wet, gave in free gold a yield of $6.46  per- ton.  The 30 tons worked by dry reduction and dry  amalgamation gave $8.36 per ton in free gold.  A whole page I could fill of similar tests, but  these alone should settle in the-minds of all that  the wastage of gold by our general wet working,  slashing system is enormous when we consider  .the great number of mills thus operating in all  the states and territories.  I do not say that on all ores the same results  would be obtained, but in proportion as is the  per cent of atomic gold will be the percent of  loss. When I assert that it is my opinion one-  half of the free gold is washed off by the slashing battery wet process, taking all the gold-mills  as one, you will see I have much for1 backing  that opinion, for these, as puzzling as it may  seem, are cold figures and solid facts.  Taking an experience of over 40 years in mill  working for gold, I must say that I am clearly  convinced of the following facts:  1st. That all gold rock for gaining a proper  percentage should be pulverized dry no matter  how treated afterward.  2d. That dry amalgamation is the most perfect of all systems of amalgamation.  3d. That where/water is used, slow-motioned  arrastras are the most efficient amalgamators.  4th.    That take the general run of-'gold-'rock,"  the  arrastra is the most  profitable.    On   high-  grade  rock, 'carrying' fine gold, the dry way is  -'most profitable.''"  It is these convictions that have forced  upon  my m hid,���������the effort and labor of perfecting both  .plans. ' "../'���������;    ,        .������������������" .'- "'  As before stated, I say to the miner-, you..have,  the labor* and thoughts at no cost to you, and it  is for you to seek the truth of them to gain the  profits. James Delevan.  ' . '' ''.... ': ��������� ,.' O ���������  Canadian Pacific Bail way  r OFK NATIONAL HIGHWAY. V  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secure quick despatch and lowest-freight rates  ". Eiooleiiay Lalio. SSfli|>j>ci\s-'will be con-    ,  suiting   their   own, interests  by shipping by the ���������',���������'.; ���������  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  99  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  YA^OOUYEE,  g 13VC 02srTDRE!_A.IL3  NEW, WESTMDTSTEK,  5 J torontq,  VI0T0EIA,  &    ST.   .EP^A.XXXi.  < lo_E3IIC_A.G}-0'  AND  ALL POINTS  EAST.  For rates,  maps,   time-tables,  etc.,  etc.,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D. E. BROWN,  Gen 1 Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass't Gen '1 Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B. C.  Tl  DEALERS IN  G-DB O CEEIE  AND  Supplies poe peospectoes and miiees.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the season to all  the mining districts on the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and A. C. Fry  have riled the necessary papers, and made application for  a crown grant in favor of the Grizzly Bear mineral claim,  situated at Toad Mountain, West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any. are requested to forward their  objections to me within 60 days from the date of this publication. '      G. C. TUNSTALL,  Revelstoke. January 20th, 1891. Gold commissioner.  Notice is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and A. C. Fry  have tiled the necessary papers and made application for  a crown grant in favor of a mineral claim known as the Silver Queen, situated in the Toad Mountain subdivision,  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections tome within 60 days from the date of this publication. ' *      G. C. TUNSTALL,  Revelstoke, January 29th, 1891.        Gold commissioner.  mm  A sitting of the County Court will be held at Nelson on  the 27th day of April next. T. H. GIFFIN, registrar.  March 20th, 1891.  1  HMigaBMBMiaasM^ THE  MOTEE:    rJELSON,  B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  APEIL  25,  1891.  Oor. Baker and Ward Sts.  Kelson, b. c.  H. 8l t.  madden  Proprietors.  The Madden is Centrally Located,  vrith a frontage towards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.  T.aai.IE.     T _A. 13 T. E  Is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  '��������� '".'''--., ,'/������������������'" .��������� '  being under the immediate superyisidn of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.  THE   BAR   IS   STOCKED  WITH   THE  BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and cigars.       ������  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  ONLY,TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE  TABLE   IS   NOT1 SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A. share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGAES  AND THE FINEST BEANDS OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  BALFOUR,   15. C.  PLINT & GALLOP, Proprietors.  The BALFOUR commands a fine view of the Outlet and  Lake, and will bo kept second to no hotel in  Hot Springs district.  Balfour is easily accessible to the mines in  Hot Springs  district, and is in the center of a large area of mineral country not yet prospected.   "It is also  within easy distance of the Kootenay  Lake and Pilot Bay sawmills.  TRAIL CREEK, B. C.  W.'R.   fl*OIJLTOi\...  ritOPKIKTOK  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  mining district, its proprietorbeing a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure ry������  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  RESOLUTIONS   THAT   WILL   NOT BE  'COXSI!>fiICE������V  For a time it was generally understood by the  people of Nelson that a portion of the townsite  of Nelson was reserved for terminal grounds for  railways. But now it is generally understood  that, the townsite of Nelson is to be a sort of  garden patch for one railway company, and that  railway company to be none other than the  Canadian Pacific. Not satisfied with a land  bonus of 200,000 acres, the Canadian Pacific demands that the townsite of Nelson be thrown  in, and, no doubt, the present provincial government, dominated as it is by men who are only  too willing to grant anything asked by that  great railway corporation, will throw it in, lock,  stock, and barrel. That the wishes of the people of Nelson, who have expended dollar for  dollar with the Canadian Pacific in developing  Toad Mountain district, are ever considered bv  the Robson government is hot for a moment believed ; yet mr. Robson and his colleagues cannot  truthfully say that it is because the wishes of  the, people were not made known to them in  time. It is the wish of the people of Toad  Mountain district, and in fact of the whole  Kootenay Lake country, that a railway should  at once be built from the navigable waters of  the outlet of Kootenay lake at Nelson southward to the boundary line, and to that end they  think it only fair, seeing that no land has been  granted, that such railway company should be  granted terminal grounds at Nelson, so as to be  on an equal footing with the Canadian Pacific.  The following resolutions, passed at a public  meeting on Wednesday night, express their  wishes in the matter:  Whereas, the construction of the Nelson & Fort Sheppard railway would be of immense advantage to the southern half of West Kootenay district, in aiding claim-owners  in bringing in machinery and supplies to open up and develop their properties, and would result in great benefit to  the province at large by increasing the amount of taxable  property, thereby increasing the revenues of the province ;  ��������� and ..������������������'.-���������'.'.,'.  Whereas, it has hitherto been the policy of the government of British Columbia to encourage the construction of  railways throughout the interior of the province, and, in  pursuance of that policy, have granted the Columbia &  Kootenay Railway Company 200,000 acres of land in addition to valuable terminal grounds at Nelson. Therefore,  be it  Resolved, That we, the people of Toad Mountain district and Nelson, request the government of British Columbia to grant the Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway  Company equal terminal grounds, rights, and privileges at  Nelson with the Columbia & Kootenay Railway Company.  Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded  to.T. M. Kellie, our representative in the legislative assembly, with a request that he use his influence with the govern ment to act in accordance therewith ; also, that a copy  be forwarded to premier Robson.  Premier Robson, by his statement in the legislative assembly," that the people of Kootenay  appeared to think that they owned the whole  public domain by the manner in'-which-they  passed their resolutions," will, no doubt, toss  the above resolutions in his waste basket, remarking as he does so : " O, those poor devils  haven't got enough money to buy a box-car,  let alonebuild a railway, and I" will retain the  terminal grounds for the sole use and benefit of  my partner, the Columbia & Kootenay, the  company to whom I have just handed over  $200,000 worth of Nelson lots, to say nothing of  the half interest in the unsold portion of the  townsite." O, "honest" John, what a first-  class fraud you are, to be sure!  Appointed to-.a Lucrative Sinecure.  The appointment of A. G. M. Spragge of Donald to the county judgeship of the new judicial  district of Kootenay will, no doubt, afford mr.  Spragge gr*eat satisfaction. How the appointment will be received by the people of the district is a question difficult to answer.  ADMINISTRATOR'S   NOTICE.  In the matter of Thomas Dunlap, deceased, and in the  matter of the "Official Administrator's Act."  Notice is hereby given that by an order of the county  court of Kootenay, made the 31st day of March, 1891, the  undersigned was appointed administrator of the personal  estate and effects of Thomas Dunlap, late of Sproat, B. C,  deceased. All persons having claims against the said  estate are requested the send in particulars of the same  within 60 days, and all persons indebted thereto are requested to pay such indebtedness to me forthwith.  FRED. J. FCJLTON.  Official administrator Yale county court district.  Kamloops, April 3rd, 1891.  00TENAY H0TE  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  ���������v NELSO.fr, 15. C.  &  SODERBERG  & JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE  HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  THE  TABLE  are comfortable in Size and       is acknowledged   the best  newly furnished. in the mountains.  T.  E :b^a_:r,  is stocked with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  'IThe   Pinest Hotel in Toad   Mountain District."  E SILVER K  Corner West Baker and Ward Streets,  : .NELSON, B. C.  JOHNSON   &   MAHONEY,  PROPRIETORS.  The Silver King is a new building and furnished with new  furniture from kitchen to attic.   The table will not  be equalled by any hotel in Nelson.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  HOTEL AND KESTAUEAKT.  EALS   AT  ALL   HOURS  'OriSV    MY   ASB&    NIUIIT.  Eooms and Sleeping Accommodations for 30 People  >.  13   EAST BAKER  STREET.  ZE3I_   J.   EDSOIST J"_   SinSTZD^IR,  PROl'RIETORS.  WEST   KOOTENAY   DISTEI0T.  Notice is hereby given that assessed and provincial revenue taxes for 185)1 "are now due and payable at my office,  Nelson, at the following rates:  If paid on  or l>ei"orc tlic .'iOfli June.  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value of real  estate;  One-third of one per cent on the assessed value of personal property;  Seven and one-half cents per acre on wild land.  Sf paid on or after the 1st July.  Two-thirds of one per cent on the assessed value of real  estate;  One-half of one per cent on tlic assessed value of personal  property;  Eight and one-half cents per acre on wild land.  T. H. GIFFIN, assessor and collector.  Nelson, February 10th, 1891.  ^"VSl  .������������������'���������W-'v&iJ.'.IJ  siiiisiMi^^^  msmmmm^mmsmmmmmmmmmmi  vm^nmxaniifummMVK THE MINEK:    NELSON,  B.   0.,  SATUEDAY, APEIL 25,  189i:  Main Street,  EEVELSTOKE  Railroad Avenue,  SPROAT.  WrJE3COX,EIS^k.IlJ^3   AWJJ  "jRE3T-A.XIii'  Agent for the Hamilton' Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  Cor. Vernon  ine Streets,  SJ������IALL   'NUGGETS    OF    NEWS.  Until the new boat begins making daily trips between  Little Dalles and Robson, mails will leave Nelson on Mondays and Thursdays by way of Sproat and Revelstoke.  All mails for Ainsworth and points in the adjacent states  of Washington,.Idaho, and Montana will be forwarded by  the Galena on Tuesdays.  Between 30 and 40 head of beef cattle are expected to arrive at Nelson tonight from the Kettle River country.  Wilson & Perdue are bringing them in, and hereafter they  will have an ample supply of fresh beef at both their Nelson and Ainsworth markets.  The wind-storm of Thursday played smash with the Citizens wharf, sending its landing across the outlet. The  managing director of'the.outfit is thinking of resigning his  office, as the position is any thing but a sinecure.  H. F. Keefer, D. McGillivray, R. C. Ferguson, and R. G.  Tatlow, everyone of them Vancouver capitalists, came in  on Sunday, merely to see if there was really a mine in Toad  Mountain district. They departed on Thursday, firm in  the belief that JVC. McLagan of the Vancouver World  was as big a liar as attorney -general Theodore Davie.  The Revelstoke smelter people are just a little anxious  as to an ore supply for their smelter. While firmly believing that Revelstoke is the most eligible point at which reduction works could be built, yet there are many difficulties in the way of getting an ore supply from the lake  country. L. R. C. Boyle, president of the company, and dr.  Campbell, superintendent, arrived at Nelson on Sunday,  and proceeded to Ainsworth on Tuesday. While at Ainsworth they will make a thorough examination of the  United and Number One mines, with the view of ascertain-'  '��������� ing their probable daily output. The smelter will be blown  in on their return to Revelstoke next week, enough ore being on hand to make a trial run. Mr. Boyle is accompanied  by mrs. Boyle.  No longer need the boys in the lake country wear the  hand-me-down or slop-shop clothing of eastern tailors.  Odell & Squire of Victoria will in a few days open a first-  class merchant tailor.store at Nelson. They will be able to  display samples and take orders by Tuesday ; for the present being located over R. E. Lemon's store. F. J. Squire.  will have charge of the store at Nelson.  The piles for the railway wharf are all in, and the work  of putting on the superstructure has been commenced.  A number of new buildings were commenced during the  week. J.-Du ham el is erecting a story-and-a-half-with-  basement residence on the corner of Josephine and Bluff  streets ; J. W. Tolsbn a 2-story office block on the corner of  Stanley and Bluff streets ; YV. F. Teetzel a store on the  corner of East Baker and Ward streets ; B. H. Lee a residence on Silicate street; T. C. Collins a residence on Bluff  street; and G. O. Buchanan a residence on Bluff street.  J. E. Walsh reports work on the Rover Creek trail progressing, and that miners have been put to work on the  .Whitewater.  Lost���������a package of papers, of no value to anyone except  the owner. The finder be will liberally rewarded by bringing them to The Miner office or to L. McDonald.  Personals:   G. B. Wright of Ainsworth. G. C. Tunstall  i'r. of Trail Creek, T. J. Lendrum of Revelstoke, C. S. F.  Ta'mber of Vancouver and Nelson, A. J. Marks of the Nelson house, and J. L. SJayton of Ainsworth were among the  arrivals at Nelson this week.  The new Silver King hotel was to have opened this week,  but had to be postponed because of the non-arrival of furniture and furnishings. When opened it will not have an  equal in the lake country- The Merchants is making quite  a reputation, and if the reputation is only kept up, its proprietors have a bonanza. They were granted a license this  week. Work is progressing as rapidly as possible on the  additions to the Madden, the International, the Nelson,  and Clark & Maloncy's and Hansen's new hotels. J. F.  Ward will pull down the old Lakeview, and erect on the  aite a hotel building that .will'be a credit to the district.  Plans for the McGillivray hotel were submitted to local  contractors this week, but it is understood that the contract was awarded to mr. Westcott of Vancouver, he being  the lowest bidder. The work of clearing the ground has  commenced, and T. C. Collins was awarded the contract of  getting out cedar posts for the foundation underpinnings.  An Answer to an Inquiry.  Postmaster, Nelson, B. C---Dear Sir: There are many  inquiries made at this place as regards your city, but it is  tiard to get anything like reliable information. I would  like you to hand this note to some reliable person who  would answer the questions asked: 1. What is the population of Nplson ? 2. Is it an incorporated town ? 3. .What  kind of land is there near it? A. Are there mines near the  town, and is mineral found in paying quantities? 5. Is  there a railroad in operation or in course of construction ?  6. How is the demand for labor? H.'.D. MCDONALD.  Whatcom, Washington, April loth. ,.<-���������������������������  The above letter was handed the editor of The  Miner to answer, he being considered the only"  reliable man in town who had - nothing- to do.  Nelson has a population of 400, and Toad Mountain district probably an additional 200. The  town is not incorporated, and not likely to be  for a time. There is no land near it; nothing  but a "sea of mountains." The Silver King, the  richest mine in America, is within sight of the  town, and over 300 locations said to contain  rnineral, have been made in Toad Mountain district. The track of the Columbia & Kootenay  '.railway.is within 3^ miles of the town, and will  be at the town within a month. The Miner  would not advise any laboring man leave a good  job to come to the lake country; at the same  time a laboring man might be in a worse country  than the Kootenay Lake country.  N. HOOVER  still has a few more cases of CONDENSED MILK for sale.  in cash, and $80 on1 October 15th, 1891, will buy choice lots  in block  13 (the new hotel block.)     HOUSTON, INK &  .N, 14 East Baker street, Nels<  ALLAN,  lson, B. C.  Barrister at  Law,   Solicitor,  rJotary Public, Etc.  Office, Victoria street, Kamloops, B. G.  NOTICE.  The bill chartering the Kootenay Lake Telephone Company, Limited, having received the royal assent, the stock  subscription books of the company are now open at the office of The Miner, 14 East Baker street,-N61son B. C.  It. E. LEMON,  J. E. WALSH,  C. H. INK,  JOHN  HOUSTON,  Provisional directors.  Nelson,  B. C, April 23rd, 1891.  NOTICE.  The promoters of the Kootenay Lake Telephone. Company, Limited, are requested to meet at the office of The  Miner at 8 o'clock on Wednesday evening, April 27th, 1891,  to hear the report of the company's attorneys and to take  steps towards erecting the company's lines, etc.  R. E. LEMON,  J. E. WALSH,  C. H. INK,  JOHN  HOUSTON,  Provisional directors.  Nelson, B. C��������� April 23rd, 1891.  A pack train of 12 to 14 animals and complete putfit. The  animals are sound and in good condition, and all the outfit  in servicable order. Price $700. Apply to H. F. Keefer,  Columbia & Kootenay grade, Nelson, B. C.  C. HiMBER,  Notary Public,  Nelson.  (S  A. G. Thynne,  C. G.Henshaw,  Vancouver  Real Estate, Mining Brokers,  AND  Insurance Agents.  We are now offering some of the best residential lots in  the southern addition to the townsite from $135 up. Good  terms. No Building Conditions. These lots are good  value. Good business lots in all parts of the townsite at  reasonable figures. Now is the time to buy. Call and see  our list.  NES.  Mining claims and mining interests handled advantageously oh smallmargin. Quotations given on all classes of  mining machinery.  INSURANCE.  Citizens of Canada; fire and accident; Equitable of New  York, life.   Good Companies; Good Rates.  NELSOrT OFFICE, 105 WEST BAKEE STKEET.  Vancouver .Office, .'MO Water Street.  TO   T  OF THE   KOOTENAY  LAKE   DISTRICT,  And   Others   Whom   if   May  Concern   and   Interest,  During my trip to the east last winter, I made arrangements with manufacturing firms and others for the establishment of a'WHOLESALE BUSHNESS in this district.  A consignment of samples���������about 15 or 20 cases���������will be  here about the end of May ; and merchants are requested  for the general good of themselves and the district to defer  placing any further orders till they have seen my samples  and obtained quotations.  C. W. BUSK, Balfour, B. ���������.  m

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