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The Miner Apr 18, 1891

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Array _'-  _?-���������;>.  ^  Only  Paper  Printed  in the  Kootenay  lake Min-  ing Districts.  For Kates  of Subscription and  '-''Advertising  See  Fourth Page.  IT UMBER M.  NELSON,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   SATUEDAY,  APRIL   18,   1891.  $_ A YEAR.  MINING'   MEWS    FROM    TRAIL    CREEK..  __  N.  Hoover  returned   to   Nelson   from   Trail  Creek   on  Thursday.      He  reports that   camp  quiet, owing to the fact that little or ho work is  being done on the claims and because of lack of  transportation   facilities   between   the   district  and Little Dalles to the; south or Sproat to the  north.    Mr. Hoover says  he was  considerably  disappointed in  finding that 3 men worked all  winter on the Lily May arid only succeeded in  sinking 16 feet, which makes the shaft on that  claim 32 feet in depth. On the Le Roi a shaft is  down 70 feet, but it is full of water. The parties  who have that claim bonded were granted an  extension of time to enable them to resume sinking with machinery, which will be placed on the  ground as soon as steamboats begin running.  The tunnel on "Bill" Springer's claim is in 80  feet. Joe Morris and his partner have bonded  the Idaho and another claim to a. air. Durant,  one of the parties interested in the Le Roi bond.  Ed Stewart will resume work during the month  on the Zilor. Although the bottoms of the  shafts are in solid mineral, the character of the  ore remains unchanged. There are about 40  people in the district.  Seeking a  Practicable  Direct Route.  Chief engineer Duchesnay of the Columbia &  Kootenay was in Nelson this week. He reports  having had rather a disagreeable trip when exploring the Gold range for a practicable route  for the proposed coast extension of his road.  W h i 1 e th e in fo rm at i o n d id note qui e d i r e _ t f r o m  him, The Miner is informed, that a feasible  route was found, although the grades are a trifle  heavy���������about 2 per cent. Mr. Duchesnay will  start out again in about a month, and make another attempt to rind a pass over Hope mountain. The Canadian Pacific management know  that the business of the Kootenay Lake country  cannot be diverted to the main line at Revelstoke, and are making every effort possible to  find a practicable direct route to the coast.  Dali Creek.  A dozen or so claim  owners are now on Hall  creek doing preparatory prospecting work, and  by  June 1st   a  small train   will, no   doubt,  be  steadily employed in packing supplies to the  creek and gold dust fromat. A number of interests changed hands this week at speculative  prices. James Turley and John Sanderson, who  are now on the creek, say thev will forever for-  swear placer mining if they are compelled to  return to Nelson without making a cleanup that  will remind them of the flush davs of Cariboo.  Common   Rumor.  The tunnel on the Silver King is in 40 feet beyond the old crosscut, arid is still in ore.    Five  shifts are at work, and preparations are being  made to sink a shaft near the intersection of the  crosscut and the tunnel. It is common rumor  that an offer' of $2,000,000 has been made for the  property, and that the offer is now being considered by the Hall and the Atkins estate  interests.  A  Sale   up in  the Thousands.  Last week a half interest in  the Ollie, a claim  which joins the Dandy on the west, was sold to  A.H.Kelly; the consideration in the bill of  sale being $10,000. Evidently mr. Kellie has  faith in Toad mountain, even though he has disposed of his interest in the Dandy.  A  Democrat Resigns Office.  When an official of the Democratic persuasion  resigns office it is either because he has to or- because the salary attached to the office is a fleeting shadow. The latter reason is assigned for  Jordan  Webb's   becoming a private citizen in  British Columbia within two months after having been elected chief peace officer of the town  of   Colville,   state   of   Washington,   U.   S.   A.  Elected on   the Democratic  ticket after  a hot  contest, his  friends,  proud  of  their standard-  bearer,  presented   him   with  an   elegant gold  badge of office; and his party managers, believing him invincible and likely to hold the .office  for life, furnished him with a cartload of neatly  printed office stationery.    The delights of office  were sweet, and all went well until he attempted  to cash his first salary warrant.    The city treasurer blandly informed him that the city's cash-  box was empty.    A local shylock was next approached ; but he wanted it not.    A storekeeper  would not even take it as security for a suit of  clothes.    As a  last resort, a saloonkeeper was  asked to treat the house and take the warrant  in payment.   The offer was indignantly spurned.  Finally, mr. Webb arrived  at  the  conclusion,  that if a properly attested evidence of Colville's  indebtedness would  not purchase  whisky, the  people of the town were in no immediate danger  from  the   lawless   element,   and   resigned  the  office���������the first Democrat in the state of Washington ever known to be guilty of a like act.  IF    NOT   A    BOOM,    AT   LEAST    A    ROOMLET.  There was quite a flurry in Nelson real estate  this week, and several sales at good figures are  reported. John McNeill closed out all his interests in Nelson  by selling a 30-foot unimproved  lot on East Baker street for $1150, El R. Ather-  ��������� ton'  being  the   purchaser.     E. C. Carpenter, a  Victoria real estate man, jumped in on Monday  morning and within 24 hours had purchased 13  building condition lots from John Houston and  Charles H. Ink, at prices ranging from  $150 to  $350.    Mr. Carpenter can double his money, today by turning them at present prices.    J. Fred  Hume  purchased 37_  feet in block 14.    George  H. Keefer, through   Houston, Ink & Allan, sold  lots 11 and 12  in   block 5 (25-foot building conditions) for $600, Joseph Duhamael of Vancouver  being the purchaser.   John McLeod and "Dune"  McDonald purchased lots 23 and 24 in block 17, 2  lots that are well situated for cottage residences.  Nelson realty is dirt cheap at present prices, and  within  60 days  these  prices will   be   increased  200 perecent.   Improvements are going on apace.  The   Silver  King hotel,  although not   finished,  will be opened next week.    Hansen & Johnson's  hotel  is  nearing  completion.    The addition to  the   International  is   enclosed and  under roof.  The  Madden  house  will be double  its present  size within a month.    The new Nelson   has the  partitions in and is being ceiled.    R. E. Lemon's  30 x 60 store is in the rough, but so far finished  as  to afford  protection  to goods.     G. A. Bige-  low's fireproof cellar is completed and the foundation  in  for the addition to  his store.    M.S.  Davys's cottage  is  ready for the paper-hanger.  Clark   &;  Malone  have commenced  work   on   a  28 x 60 building for a store or hotel.    G. O. Buchanan has the foundation   in  for* a residence on  East  Bluff street.    About  half the lumber for  the Houston & Ink Josephine-street block is on  the ground, and   the 6 stores the  building is to  be divided into are already spoken for or rented.  A great place is Nelson, and lucky are the men  who own property in it.  Is the Contractor Responsible?  What action does the government intend taking in regard to the Slocan ferry? If the present  contractor is responsible, why is he not made  carry out his contract and operate the ferry? If  he refuses to carry out his contract, then why is  not his bond forfeited? Who is the contractor  anyway? Is it some poor devil, too poor to be  cinched; oris it some corporation too .powerful  to be made live up to its agreements? Can government agent Tunstall enlighten the public; or  is that particular ferry under the sole charge of  surveyor-general Gore? One of these days a  life or two will be lost in crossing the Slocan,  then some one will be breaking their necks to  square themselves with the grand jury.  A    VIRGIN    FIELD    FOR    PROSPECTORS.  There tiave been  no rich placer fields discovered since 1865.    In the 15 years that intervened  between the first excitement in  California and  the last  excitement   in   Montana,   Idaho,  and  British Columbia, thousands of prospectors who  had learned -their calling in the  gold  fields of  California used pick, shovel, and pah  on every  creek and bar on the Pacific coast, and the fact  that no diggings of consequence  have been discovered in late years is pretty good proof that  their search was a close one and that they did  not run over the ground.    Tradition is that old  Mexico was thoroughly prospected for gold and  silver quartz ages ago, the result of the prospecting  being the discovery of   mines   that   were  worked  for  centuries.     The  prospecting must  have  been   thorough, for, although  visited   by  many of the most noted prospectors of America,  no finds of importance have  been announced of  late years.    What is true of Old Mexico, is, in a  great  measure,   becoming  true  of the  United  States.    Although the mining industry in the  republic to the south shows no signs of exhaustion, it will be admitted  by all observing men  that the field for the surface prospector is becoming less in extent each year.  Nevada, the alma mater of the quartz prospector, has been as thoroughly prospected for  quartz as California, the alma mater of the  placer prospector, has been for placer ground,  and a rich quartz find in the one would be as  surprising as a rich placer find in the other.  Colorado is fast becoming like Nevada. Montana, Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona are no longer virgin fields. While Idaho  and Washington have still small areas unprospected, the veteran prospector does not take  kindly to the general mineral characteristics of  the latter, and hopes for little from the former.  There is but one region on the Pacific coast left  untrod by these jjioneers of an industry that has  done so much to upbuild an empire in the west.  That region extends from- the international  boundary line north to the sixtieth degree of  latitude���������a distance of fully 700 miles���������with  a breadth of from 200 to 300 miles. That this  region remains virgin is because of the foolish  saying, oft repeated, that there is no mineral  north'of the international boundary line, taken  in connection with the idea that the laws of  British Columbia are illiberal and unfair. The  discovery of vast mineral wealth in the Kootenay Lake country disproves the foolish saying,  and the laws of British Columbia need only to  be examined to prove that they are not only liberal to the prospector but fair' and just to all law-  abiding people. In no country on earth is life  arid property more safe than in British'Columbia; and none whose people are more lolerant  on political questions.  The  Price Paid  for the Damlj.  The terms of the Dandy sale are now on record at the mining recorder's office in Nelson.  The price paid for the Kelly and Fox interests���������  seven-eighths of the whole���������was $172,500. Of this  amount $50,000 was paid in cash, the deferred  payments to be made as follows: $5000 on June  1.0th, 1891; $5000 before October- 7th, 1891; $112,-  500 by April 7th, 1892. The Cook interest���������one-  eighth���������was purchased ' for $4000: -$500 cash,  $1000 by June 1st, and $2500 by August 1st. The  prior', paid for- the Dandy is therefore $170,500.  A. M. Esler', who purchased the property, will  be on the .ground as soon as he can get in machinery, and expects to have development work  commenced in earnest by July 1st.  Across  the Bridge.  Rails  were  laid  across the  Kootenay bridge  this  afternoon, and   the  construction   train on  the Columbia & Kootenay was run up as far- as  the engineers' camp, less than 5 miles from Nelson. Engineer Duchesnay claims the track will  be laid to Nelson by May 15th.  *_���������������._-���������������������������   ������������������ _!.*_��������� ������������������_ .r_ . _. _��������� t j ������   '   ru- _. :���������������     . i: '_ . - _.i.������* *������������������  ������. ���������*?���������. _���������,��������� .1* _ ���������*   ; .������J ���������; i ������������������_._./������ \i ,J. r .rat', s. _ij*_ ��������� _ !���������_   ������������������ . *���������_    .��������� -  v   ��������� ���������������, r. -_ ^"i    '  _ *?_-%   _ ���������-     ��������� __������������������   .f _*������������������:?. ��������� u������ i  i\ ������������������* ��������������� _������r     ��������������������������������� -���������__������������������ i v_   .- Hi  ������������������__.���������..   -���������. __.������������������,���������   M. *   . j    -_ \   i m.       _-   _ ��������������������������� i-������ ������_-     .   n ;.������: _��������������� Li��������� ���������    . _ ������������������ p. u-������ ���������_ ������������������_������������������_ "i^utf   .iiM- ?������������������*������������������-.��������������� - _>..-..'���������   ���������-.'. ��������������� _ 'i1*'  ���������   _ ���������   _������T   ��������� THE  MINE������:,   NELSON,   B.  0.,  SATUEDAY,  APEIL  18,  1891.  THE    Rfi������IITS    OF   CHINESE.  A very important and interesting decision was  given   by the  judicial   committee of the privy  council a few weeks ago.    The case was that of,  Musgrave versus Chun Tepng Toy.   Musgrave is  the   collector of  customs for the  port, of  Melbourne, colony of Victoria, Australia, andTeong  Toy was a Chinaman who, with 297 others, had  been brought to that port in the ship Afghan on  April 27th, 1888.    The Afghan had on board 284  Chinese immigrants more than were allowed by  the law as it then stood.   No ship was permitted  to take to the colony of Victoria more than one  Chinaman to every hundred tons registered burden.    According to law the Afghan was entitled  to   carry   only   14   Chinese   immigrants.      She  brought over*  298.    Among them was Ah .Toy.   '  This Chinaman, or some one for him ottered the  collector the $50 duty levied on each Chinaman  landed:in Victorian territory.    The collector refused  to take  the money,  whereupon Ah Toy  brought/an action for damages against the collector.;  Ah Toy gained his suit and was awarded  $750 damages.    This Was a fortune in  his estimation, and, like a prudent man, he lost no time  in getting  back to China where he might enjoy  it in peace.    But collector Musgrave was riot satisfied with"the decision and carried the case from  court to court until at last it reached the judicial  committee of the privy council in London.  Before that tribunal the question was argued  at great length, and the laws and the records of  England   for*  600  years   back were searched to  find arguments and precedents for both sides.  The interpretation of the Victorian statute was  the ground on which the first battle was fought.  This field  being deemed   too narrow,   the collector's counsel alleged that her majesty's government of Victoria, having reason   to believe  that a large influx of Chinese was imminent,  and that this would be a danger to the public  peace, decided that no further Chinese should  be allowed  to enter the colony;   he, acting on  his instructions, refused to receive the $50 tendered by Ah Toy, Or to allow him to land.    The  reader sees  that this plea opened  up the question as to the power of the colonial government  to refuse to allow Chinese to enter British territory.    But this was not all.    The servant of the  think, must see that the decision of the privy  council is not the less sound for being simple.  It is equivalent to saying that no collector has a  right to aid and abet a, shipmaster in,violating  the law of the land.  . . _. ^ _   _...... _. ������.j.v   _;i vdUl/   l/Z    Lilt*  - Victorian government contended that as his  act had been ratified by the government which  he served, and consequently by her majesty, his  refusal became an act .of state policy. Here  the more important question of the relation, in  which a colonial government stands to the imperial government came to. be considered. Can  an act of a colonial government be legally regarded as an act of the sovereign ?  The. judges wisely steered  clear of  the deep  and intricate constitutional questions that had  been raised, and based their decision on their' interpretation-of the act of the Victorian legislature.    They decided that the collector was under  no obligation to receive the $50 head money for  Ah Toy or any other of the 297 Chinamen on  board the Afghan.    The object of the law, they  argued, was not to give Chinamen a license to  land on the payment of $50 each, but to prevent  an excessive number of Chinese from landing in  the colony.    The decision says :  It is clear in their lordship's opinion that when the master of a'.vessel has committed  an offense  by bringing a  greater number of Chinese into the port of a colony than  the statute allows, he can have no right to require the collector of customs to receive payment in respect to such  immigrants, and thus to further the purpose for which the  unlawful  act was committed; and that there can be no  legal duty on (he part of the collector to receive any payment tendered him in respect of such immigrants.    If this  be so, the case for the plaintiff manifestly fails, for, as has  been pointed out, the statute prohibits his landing before  the payment of the-specified sum, and he could only get  rid of this difficulty by showing that the refusal to receive  payment was unlawful.   It  was urged, on behalf of the  plaintiff, that the payment of ������50 is made in each case on  behalf of the immigrant, and  that, whatever be the position   of the  master Avho has brought himself within the  penal provisions of the second section of the statute, each  immigrant is entitled to require that the collector shall receive the payment by or for him.    Their lordships are unable to adopt this construction of the statute, or to hold  that its effect is to confer any such right as that suggested  when the act of bringing intending immigrants into port-  by the vessel is in contravention of the law.  The judges also decided that an alien does not  possess the legal rights enforceable by action to  enter* British territory. Holding this opinion  they did not consider it necessary to enter into  the profound constitutional questions raised by  the counsel for the prosecution.    Every one, we  JVot  Unfriendly to the Canadian :' Pacific. ' -  Many assume that the people of the Kootenay  Lake  country are unfriendly to the  Canadian  Pacific  railway and  friendly to t he American  lines.    The assumption is incorrect.    The people  of the lake country know full well that the Can-  adian Pacific, like the American lines, cinches  a section of country whenever possible, and  to  prevent being cinched are doing their utmost to  induce capitalists build  competitive  roads into  the lake country.    An illustration of the cinch  game is the action of the Montana   Union railway (which  is ���������owned, jointly by the Northern  Pacific and the Union Pacific) arbitrarily raising  the freight rate on ore shipped from the mines ,  at Butte to the smelter at Anaconda (a distance  of 28 miles).   .The. mine owners would not stand  the raise, and  the result is fhat the Anaconda,  smelter has closed down, throwing 3000 men out  of work.    The following from: the Butte Inter-  Mountain  is sound advice, and worthy of consideration by our people :  "It is now time for the people of Butte to let  the   Northern   Pacific   understand   what  they   1  meant by those resolutions of the mass meeting  last week, and  to give Thomas Oakes's road a   i  little straight business talk.    And this is why.  The Northern Pacific does  more than one-half   ;  the-carrying1 business for Butte merchants, and   :  yet cares so little for the interests of this city   -,.  that its influence in the New  York conference -.'i  regarding the Anaconda controversy is pretty   i.  generally    believed    to    have    been    exercised   I  against an amicable adjustment of the matter,   j  At any rate, it was not exerted in Butte's favor,   l  as the result shows, for the conference is ended,  and no result has been reached.    The Union Pacific,  of course,   took a similar course   to   that  pursued by the Northern Pacific, but it is not in  as vulnerable a position asthe Northern Pacific,  as it does not do as much business for our people in-carrying a class of freight which can be  shifted from its line to another.   A large portion  of the Union  Pacific's  business with Butte is in  hauling   Rock Springs  coal���������an  article which  Butte has got to have and which   can   not be  brought in by any other line.    But the Northern Pacific is differently situated.   Every pound  of freight which it hauls for Butte, to and from  the east, could be diverted to other lines ;  and  there  is where Butte has a decided " pull " on  the  Northern  Pacific,   which   she  could   work  with     the     best    of    results     if    a    decided  stand     were    taken.       During     the     conference     in      New      York,    it     is   known    that  rnr. Gakes had daily reports from this city as to  whether the merchants of Butte were retaliating  upon his road for his share in the tie-up.    Being-  advised that the Northern Pacific business remained unchanged, he evidently concluded that  the people of Butte  were  willing  to  let  him  trample on them at pleasure, and so the confer-   I  ence resulted in nothing, and the conferees have   j  adjourned.     The way the people of Butte could   I  force upon   the railroads  a settlement   of this   j  matter is by withdrawing their patronage from  tho  Northern   Pacific.    As   that  road  and   the   j  Union   Pacific   divide   the   Butte   profits,   this   j  action would have a double effect, lessening the   i  profits of both Pacifies.     When these two over-   j  bearing corporations   find their  business  drop-   J  ping off and realize that the people of Butte are   j  not"to  be trifled with, there will be a very sud-   j  den change of front in regard to this Anaconda   \  matter.    Have the people of Butte the spirit to  do this?    We believe they have.    If so, a mass  meeting should be called at once and take such  aggressive action that the roads that are causing  this injury to our business interests will realize  Butte has reached  the point where her- rights  demand recognition in this difficulty."  tipn of good family stocks in a democracy.   The  kind  of aristocracy  which he  says''should lbe  preserved   in  a  democracy, is   that  of sturdy,  hard-working,; trust worthy people in independent   circumstances,'"upright   and   robust,   with  gentle   manners,   cultivated tastes,  and honorable sentiments.      The   means  of propagating  these family stocks are: first, country life ;  secondly,   suburban   life;   thirdly, the  increase in  cities of the pro vision of public squares, gardens,  boulevards,-arid  public parks.,    "As   compared  with   European governments, American democratic goveriimerit  takes no thought whatever  tor*  the  enjoyments   of  an   urban   population."  Another desideratum is the  possession  by the  'permanent-' family   of   a  permanent   dwelling-  place.     The   urban   American   is  at   present  a  nomad;    even   the   countrv   houses   are   built  chea p.   fragile, a rid   com bustible���������hardly  more  'res-  durable tban the paper houses in Japan.    I   . _  ident Eliot pleads  for* the recognition' of family  businesses or professions.    A'permanent family  tends to hold and perfect a business.    He thinks  there is already a  distinct  tendency to the family management   of  large businesses,  a fact of  .which   general   Booth  will   no   doubt   take due  note.    After making suggest ions relating to education and wise selection  in-marriage,- he suggests that succession   chity should  be limitedto  stocks  and bonds,   and   concludes  that ' family  permanency   is best .maintained by the careful  training of successive generations in truth, gentleness,  purity, and  honor', noble qualities that  are  in  the highest degree hereditary.    The article is wise, suggestive, and eminently sensible.  O. S. 1. Hambek  A. G. Thynnje  A. D. Henshaw  VaTs'OO UVER  AND  Nelson, B.C.'  MANUFAOTUEEES' AGENTS  MACHINERY  NELSON OFFICE, 105 WEST BAKEE .STEEET.  iHcConnell  ifilock.   Water -Street,   Vancouver.  carry large lines of plain, medium, and high-grade  furniture. Parlor and bed-room sets ranging in  price from $G.50 to $o00. Hotels furnished throughout. Office and barroom chairs. Spring mattresses  made to order, and woven wire, hair, and wool  mattresses in stock. Mail orders from Kootenay  Lake points will recei vc early and careful attention.  Agents for Evans Bros, pianos and Doherty organs.  MAIN STREET, REVELSTOKE, B.C.  ___  Family Stocks   in a  Democracy.  President Eliot has a. thoughtful paper in the  December Forum on "Family Stocks in a Democracy," in which he sets forth several considerations which call imperatively for the propaga-  Ainsworfch, Hot Springs District, B. C.  Miners' Supplies, Provisions, Tools,  Crockery, Clothing, Stationery, Etc., Etc.  Persons buying from us will avoid the necessity of paying  duty on goods at Canadian custom-house on the river.  mm  _mV'L-'.7_:vV'* _A'-*^ '%V.?iZi-'----&-Xf-&'~%'^  j3fe'^_a_Sf_l___f������.^__^  iSP____3  * _Z|'' if"   -" ���������' '"JiWV'TiT"  _^_Si__5_^__i^J__l^__^S^__?P?_5S.  ~*"���������" ������"_________" THE   MINER:    NELSON,   B.C.,   SATUEDAY,   APEIL  18,   1891,  _  9  _ra  DO NOT USE POOR MATERIAL  in buildings when first-class  MOLDINGS,  are for sale in any quantity by the  NELSON  SAWMILL  GO.  Yard:   .11  end of Finnic  in Nelson. '  Mill'.:   Two  Alii.es 'South  of. Nelson.  Builders concede that  the lumber from our-mill is ALL  OF FILiST-CLASS FINISH, both in the rough and  dressed.    Parties ordering any of the above  material from us will have the same  ������������������ .       '       delivered   promptly   in   any  .part of Kelson.  CORD-WOOD   AND   STOVE-WOOD  cut and run down the lumber flume, and sold  at low.prices.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill is  always ready for business. Lumber-good, bad, and indifferent ��������� on  hand or made to order.  G. 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January 15th.  'avies-Sayward  awmi  MAN U FACTU RE iiS  O K  OF  EVERY .DESCRIPTION.  PEICE  LIST  (DELIVERED  AT NELSON,   AINSWORTH,   OR   BALFOUR).  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M.  ������32 00  No. 2         "        G inch, "          27 00  No. 1 ceiling, <t inch, "  #? 00  No. 2        "       6 inch, "        27 00  Rustic, "        27 00  Select clear, DD, "  40 00  No. 1 common, D, "      ....                             95 on  "   .  -    Di>,     "   ....:.:..::::::.::::.:::: 5- oo  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot  10  BrOf_EB.  No. 1 common, per M  ������20 00  no. 2    "      "    ::::::   15 00  Culls, "     12 00  Shingles, "             4 50  ntOLi������i..<;.s.  Bead, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot 2-.V@10c  Mills Jit Pilot 'Bay, Kootenay Lake.  G-eo. G. Bushby,   .   .   .   Manager  MOW     HE    WAS   A    LOSER    I5Y    L\ TEMPERANCE.  "I 11 ever have had more than my share of the  alcoholic    headaches    that   have   been   passed  around where I have been," remarked a member of one  of Chicago's leading clubs," but I  have been a heavy loser by intemperance nevertheless.     In  fact,  my family has lost about a  quarter of a million dollars, 1 believe, as the result of the intemperate  habits of one man���������no  less a man than the great Daniel Webster himself.    The  United  States  government,, has just  '..'ordered'- the   payment    of    French   spoliation  claims amounting to $1,500,000,   and  $3,500,000  additional has been scheduled for payment later.  This nioney was originally  paid to the United  States by the French government to reimburse  the  owners  of  certain   vessels   that   had   been  ���������'.seized'by the first Napoleon.   The United States  government  used  this   money  in   making   the  Louisiana  purchase.     Now  the  government is  paying the claims of the descendants of the original    vessel-owners.      One   of   my   ancestors  owned 5 vessels that were seized and his claim  was placed' in   the  hands  of Daniel  Webster.  The immortal ..Daniel looked over all the papers,  and seeing that the claim was entirely valid, iin-'  dertook   to   secure   its   payment   by  congress.  But at that time the United States was not so  careful of its financial standing as it now is, aud  the eloquence of the great orator proved unavailing.    One day, after a vain attempt to procure favorable action on the claim^inr. Webster-  went to his room, filled up with liberal potations  of old rye, and under the exhilarating influence  of the same, threw all the papers of the case into  an open grate, swearing that the United States  government knew no such   words as honor or  honesty, and that it. would be utterly useless to  waste any more time in  prosecuting the claim.  So about $250,000 worth of hopes went up mr-.'.  Webster's chimney in plain black smoke!    Now  these French spoliation claims are being paid off  dollar for dollar.    Whenever Tthink of the terrible effect of Daniel's costly debauch, I feel like  drowning the memory of it in alcoholic beverages.    Will you join me?"  Electric  Drills and Electricity in .'Mines.  Spokane Review, 8th:    Lightning has forked  into the Cceur d'Alene mines. : Not in the guise  of a thunderbolt, but straight from the battery.  It is expected that it will soon   be a powerful  rival of steam  power and work wonders in its  own versatile/way.   The Poor man mine has one  of the finest electric plants of its kind  in  any  mining country, and the only one of any significance   in   the   northwest.     Last October   O. B.  Hardy, the   owner of  the Black Bear mine in  the Cceur d'Alenes, began negotiations to secure  new drills for his tunnels.    Since then he  has  close- _la deal with W. T. McCaskry,of the Edison  Illuminating &- Power Company of New York,  for the construction of 10 electric drills, which  will take  the place of compressed air- drills in  the mine.    The amount  to be expended for the  pur-pose  is set at $8000.    ."The company," said  mr. Hardy last night, "goes at it in such a manner that.I have extreme confidence in the value  of the machinery.    They ship all the machinery,  pay all   the expenses, and run the drills 40 days  before! turn over a cent.     I'have exa,mined the  drills and Ihink that they will do the'work.   Six  weeks ago they commenced putting  in line's.to  the tunnels.   The machinery is all on f he .'ground  ���������and we have set  the day for'.starting the work  for the loth.    People are coming in from all the  mining camps  in the country to see  the  thing  start up.    The new machines are operated in the  same   way that   the compressed  air drills are.  They claim that they are  more durable and are  lighter  to  handle*..    They are cheaper and  there  is only  one question   in  my mind, and that is  their durability.    Steam drills get hot-and can  not be handled with ease, but the others are free  from heat.   'The company claims that-.the current of the wires is not strong enough to injure  any one and says that a man can wrap a wire  about his neck and it will not hurt him."  Feels-��������� 4fc_eei.  John  McCominskey, a. miner and prospector  well known at Nelson, is undergoing treatment  for consumption at the Sacred Heart hospital  at Spokane. After being twice treated with the  Koch lymph he is unable to describe his  symptoms   further  than   to   say  that   he   feels  queer, and that he is conscious of an indefinable  feeling of change throughout his entire .system.-  His temperature ranges from 99 to 100 degrees.  The most remarkable symptom is the variation  and irregularity of pulsation.  Canadian Pacific Eailway  OUR NATIONAL HIGHWAY.  *_$_  Through Passenger Service from Ocean to Ocean.  jsro o:e_____T(_k___3_  LOWEST FARES TO ALL POINTS  To secxire quick despatch and lowest freight rates  Kootenay Lake Shippers will be consulting   their  own  interests 0  ���������                by shipping by the  The Columbia & Kootenay Steam Navigation Company's  ti  STEAMER   lsLYTTON"  leaves Sproat's Landing for REVELSTOKE every Tuesday and Friday, making connection with trains for  VANCOUVER, .   ������ j  NEW WESTMINSTER, | '  VICTORIA,  ii  im: o i_t t __. :e ___:__.  TORONTO;  ST_   PAUL,  OECiOAG-O'  AND  ALL POINTS EAST.  For rates, maps,   time-tables,  etc., ^etc,  apply to any  agent of the company.  ROBERT KERR, D.  E.  BROWN,  Gen'l Fr't and Passenger Ag't, Ass'L Gen'l Fr't & Pas'r Ag't.  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Vancouver, B.C.  STORE.  SANDERS,  DEALERS  IN  <_kr,o oie:r,i:_s  and  SUPPLIES, FOR PROSPECTORS AND MINERS.  BALFOUR,  located as it is at the outlet of Kootenay lake, will  be easily accessible during the season to all  the mining districts on the lake.  PRICES REASONABLE AS AT AINSWORTH OR NELSON  NOTARY  PUBLIC,  Mining Broker, Conveyancer, Etc.  Agent for mineral claims; crown grants obtained   for  mineral claims, and abstracts of title for same furnished.  Office at Ainsworth (Hot Springs), B. C.  ]__EO IO  Pianos, Organs, Sewing Machines,  FOK  SALK   <:ill_ir.  Wholesale and retail. None but lirst-elass-instruments  handled. A. J.  ROSS, Calgary, Alberta.  WEST   KOOTENAY   DISTRICT.  Notice is hereby given that, assessed and provincial revenue taxes for IS!)I arc now due: and payable at my ollice,  Nelson, at the following rates:  If paid  on   or  before  the  ,'iOHi  .lune.  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value of real  estate ;  One-third of one per cent on the assessed value of personal property;  Seven and one-halt' cents per acre on wild land.  Bf pai<I  011   or  after  the   1st  .Bui.v.  Two-thirds of one per cent on  the assessed  value of real  estate;  One-half of one per cent on the assessed value of personal  property;  Eight and one-half cents per acre on wild land.  T. H. GIFF1N, assessor and collector.  Nelson, February 10th, 181)1. _  THE  MIFEE:    NELSON,���������. B, .0.,   SATUEDAY,   APEIL  18,   1891.  The Miner is printed on Saturdays, and will be  mailed to subscribers at the following cash-in-advance  rates: Three months $1.50, six months $2.50,.one year $1.  Contract Advertisements will be inserted at the  rate of $3 an inch (down, the column) per'month. A  special rate for advertisements of over 2 inches. :      ,  Transient Advertisements will be inserted for  15 cents a line for the first,insertion and 7 cents a line  for each additional insertion. Twelve lines of 9 words  each make an inch. All advertisements printed for  a,,-less period than 3'months considered transient and  must be paid for in advance. Advertisements of less  than 12 lines will be counted as 12 lines.  Birth Notices free if Weight of child is given; if  weight is not given $1 will be charged. Marriage  announcements will be charged from ������1 to $10-���������according to the social standing of the bridegroom.  Job Printing in good style, at fair rates. Cards  envelopes, and letter, note, and account papers kept  in-' stock.   .   ���������-���������'"��������������������������� ' ���������',���������������.. .   .':  Letters to the Editor will only appear over the  writer's name. Communications with such signatures  as "Old Subscriber," "Veritas," "Citizen," etc., etc.,  w_ll not be printed on any consideration./  Address all Letters :  The Miner, Nelson, B. C.  EIHTORIAI.    REMARKS.  Whether viewed from   the  economic or  the  moral standpoint, the  Chinese question is one  that concerns every man in the Kootenay Lake  country, and every man in   the lake country is  aware that the question  is one that will cause  repeated agitation if not promptly settled. That  the  Chinese  benefit the  camps in which they  live will hardly be admitted by even those who  profit  by their presence.    That they are industrious is not denied; but it is an industry that  adds not to the wealth of the communities in  which they live.    Chinese  make no' permanent  improvements, and do not aid enterprises that  are for the common good.    They do not build  homes, and public schools are never required in  communities thronged by them.    That they are  frugal is no justification for their presence; for  their frugality only leads to the impoverishment  of the people among whom they live.    They observe no moral code that interfers with their desire for gain ; and the only laws that they respect  ���������are the  lawrs  of the Chinese  company whose  slaves they are.    They are gaining a foothold in  the lake country, and the day is not far distant  when their employment in the mines will be an  issue between employer and  employee.     Is  it  best to allow that day to arrive before taking  action?    Or is it best to take prompt action now  and  make the issue  impossible of occurrence.  Settle it now, by all means.  The citizens of Nelson and of Ainsworth, in  mass meeting, should decide as to the best  method by which the Chinese shall in future be  excluded from the lake country; and once they  decide on the method be prompt in carrying it  out. Neither force nor intimidation should be  used. If the Chinese own property it should be  paid for, but only on consideration that the  owner's room is what is wanted, not his company.  A good deal of "rot" is printed in foreign  newspapers regarding the defenceless condition  of the United States because of her lack of a  navy. What the United States lacks in war*  vessels and naval armament is more-than made  up in the daring and ingenuity of her people.  The chances are that before Italy's cumbersome  ironclads had fairly got in position to bombard  an American city they would be sent to Davy  Jones's locker by some ingenious "Yankee"  contrivance in the hands of a daring southerner  or westerner, Whose knowledge, of sinking  vessels was gained in running steamboats on  the Mississippi and Missouri river's.  Commenting on Italy's demand for indemnity  for the lives of her subjects recently mobbed in  New Orleans, the Globe of Tacoma views with  alarm the defenceless condition of that commer  cial metropolis, and urges the next: congress to  make large appropriations for building war vessels, so as to place the country in a. position to  refuse the, unjust demands of foreign powers.  The United States is in greater need of a stringent law, honestly enforced, to prevent the importation to its shores of the half-civilized savages of Europe. The, action of the coal barons  of Pennsylvania and of manufacturing and rail-,  way corporations throughout the union in substituting Italian, Polish, and Hungarian  cheap labor for English speaking labor is more  to be feared, than.any action likelyjto be taken  by the governments to whom these ignorant  people owe allegiance. The greed and selfishness of corporations is what endangers the  United States, not foreign war vessels.  '.The'principal" lines"of trade are-already established  in   the  towns   on   Kootenay   lake,   and  other's will, no doubt, follow in good time;   but  until a solid banking institution is established,  the  business  interests'of the lake country can  only  be  carried   on   at  a   great   disadvantage.  Business men need accommodations, as do mine  operators  and other large employers  of labor-.  As   these  accommodations  cannot   be   had   at  home, they are sought for  and obtained  from  banks  at  Spokane,   Helena,   Butte,   Portland,  Victoria, or Winnipeg-���������cities hundreds of miles  distant.    That a, bank has not been established  in one of the lake towns does not speak well for  the enterprise of the great  chartered banks of  Canada, for the volume of business transacted  in the Kootenay Lake country is already large,  and it is increasing rapidly.    Last year the mercantile  transactions   of the  country alone amounted to $150,000,  and this year the aggregate  will   be  up  in   the  millions.    But probably the  managers of the Bank of Montreal and the Bank  of British   Columbia and  the Bank of British  North  America  do   not   even   know  that   the  Kootenay Lake country is in Canada, to say nothing of knowing that within its limits are several of the richest mines on earth.  If the chartered banks of Canada will not take  advantage of the opening, there is nothing in  the laws of Canada or of the province of British  Columbia to prevent United States banks establishing branches at Nelson or at Ainsworth. If  the banks of Spokane would have a share of the  trade of the lake country go to Spokane business  "houses, they should lose no time in starting  branches at Nelson and Ainsworth, towns whose  permanency are assured.  The unopposed return of J. A. Mara to the  Dominion house from Yale-Kootenav district is  the subject of a long letter from G. O. Buchanan  of Nelson to the Kamloops Sentinel. In the  letter mr. Buchanan states that it was impossible for the people of the district to have been  prepared for the election suprise, and that the  polling places were so arranged that electors  could not have voted had there been a contest.  Perhaps mr. Mara will resign the seat that he  obtained by sharp practice, and allow the people  of the district a chance to name his successor.  As predicted by The Miner, the mineral bill  reported by the mining, commission was not  materially amended by the legislative assembly.  While the bill is a great improvement on the  old act, yet it contains sections that should not  have been allowed to become law. The arguments of members of the assembly who have  practical knowledge of mining as a business  were unheeded by the members from the agr _-  cultural  districts.    In fact, the members  from  the agricultural districts are a good deal like  sheep���������they follow the bell wether, even when  led against a stone wall or over a precipice.  When voting on amendments to the mining  bill, they always voted with the bell wether  from Cariboo. _____  , That work should be commenced at once on  roads that are needed in West Kootenay district is the opinion of/every man who wishes  the country to go ahead. At this date work  could be carried on to good advantage on fully  one-half of the road from Nelson to the mines  oh Toad mountain. There can be no good reason brought foi-vvard for delaying the work until  July 1st, the date on which the appropriation is  available, for the inercbants of Nelson will fur-  ���������riish both money and supplies to carry on the  work at once. Hundreds of tons of machinery  will be in��������� operation on the mountain by the  middle of July, if the road is even so that a  wagon can be got over it. Will the government  act promptly and order the work commenced at  once? Or will it waste time in obtaining information that it should already be in possession of.  No respectable person coming to the Kootenay  Lake country should be unwelcome. He may  not be educated, he'may not even know how to /  read, but if he will -work to upbuild the country  and obey its laws, he should be extended the  right hand of fellowship. On the other hand,  the criminal element who follow in the wake of  mining excitements or stampedes should be met  with the strong arm of the law. There is no  room in the lake country for- the lazy vagabonds  who prey on the producing classes. The authorities at Nelson have -acted.promptly, in ordering  the few who were here to leave. An ounce of  prevention 'now., will go far towards making  clean'trial.dockets in our- courts in the future.  The envoys sent to America by mr. Parnell to  raise funds to carry on the faction fight in Ireland are not meeting with any great success.  Americans have sympathy with Ireland, not so  much because of a belief that she is misgoverned, but because of a. belief that many of her  people are at times destitute. They apparently  have no interest whatever in the present factional quarrel between Parnell and his former  adherents, and in losing interest they show  their good sense.  The following are the duties levied by Canada  on lead and lead products: Lead, nitrate and  acetate of, not ground, 6 per cent ad valorem;  dry white lead and zinc white, 5 per cent ad  valorem; lead in bars, blocks, and sheets, 6*0  cents per hundred pounds; old scrap and pig  lead, 40 cents per hundred pounds; lead pipe and  lead shot, $1.50 per hundred pounds; lead and  manufacturers of lead not otherwise specified,  30 per cent ad valorem.  Although British Columbia, is not yet a producer of pig lead, she soon will be; and the day  is not far distant when her smelters will turn  out more than sufficient to supply the whole of  Canada. In that event, it is hardly fair that the  product of the mines of this province should be  placed in competition with the product of the  urines of the United States and of Spain. The  United States has seen fit to place a prohibitive  duly on British Columbia ores containing lead,  and it would be but fair if Canada would place  a prohibitive duty on the products of the  lead ores of the United States, now that  the ores of British Columbia must of necessity be treated at home. The present duty on  pig lead is $8 per ton; it should be raised to $30.  4\-^_:!���������',���������fr.X^^^^ ������������������--.__..   wcvxw.i*-".-..-.���������!.���������.- ,..���������-...._, ,._ __--.������������������ ���������-���������    _-*-__*-..-_* soF .-���������_*.���������������������������-'*..*_ v���������____ -___!__.,. ,-._���������_*��������� THE   MBTEK:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,  APEIL   18,   1891.  Dealers in Dry Groods, Groceries, Provisions, Canned G-oods, Hardware, Etc.   Miners' Supplies a Specialty.  The stock is Ml and comulete in every Depart  ,   "���������'���������:'��������� and compare Prices.      .    '���������'-���������;'.':.. "-.���������'"''.  Main Street, EEVELSTOEE.  9 and 11 East Vernon Street, NELSON.  The present duty on lead bars is $12 per ton; it  should be raised to $50. The present duty on  white lead and zinc white paint is but 5 per cent  ad valorem; it should be raised to 30 percent.  If these changes are made at the next session of  the house of commons, every dollar's worth of  lead or its products used in Canada, will be from  the mines of British Columbia. The attention  of the British Columbia delegation in the commons is, respectfully called to the matter.;  Vagrants.  " Who  should be classed   as   vagrants ?" is a  question  often   asked   by   people   who  are   not  posted on the laws of Canada.    While a copy of  the Canadian law is not at hand, a copy of the  law of California is.    In that free-and-easy state  a vagrant is defined as :   "Those able to work  but who do not seek for employment, and who  are without visible means of living; beggars;  alms solicitors who do so as a business; known  pickpockets, thieves, burglars, confidence operators, and the like; loafers about railroad stations, steamboat landings, auction rooms, public assemblies, and places.of amusement; all idle  and dissolute persons or associates of known  thieves who wander about the streets at late  hours of night; all who make a practice of sleeping in barns, outhouses, and sheds, vessels or  other places not kept as lodging houses, without  the consent of the owner or possessor of the  premises; all lewd and dissolute persons who  live in or about houses of ill fame; all runners  or cappers for attorneys in or about police  courts or city prisons; every harlot; every  common drunkard." If the above are the only  classes who can be arrested as vagrants, Nelson  and Ainsworth have not a single  their limits.  "vag" within  _2a_.\s  Biiiiumanity. I.o ,._an.  Reports from the grading camps of the Great  Northern railway in Montana and Idaho do not  speak well for the humanity of the contractor's  who are   building that road..   The   la. grippe is  making sad havoc among the. laborers.'.--The  death rate is alarming, sometimes 2 or- 3 a day.  But few men are' left in some of the camps in  consequence, and all work, except rock work, is  suspended. Many men are entirely destitute  and when taken sick almost invariablv die from  lack of care and treatment. The hospital accommodations are deplorable. Men die and are  buried and no record kept of who they were nor  whence they came. The situation demands the  attention of the authorities.  Sold  for Half a   Million   E������oUars.  The following may be of interest to the people  in the Kootenay Lake country who have money  tied up in the Hussey banks at Spokane and in  the Cceur d'Alenes. The Wardner, Idaho, News  says that so much has been published concerning the sale" of the Morning mine that the following information, received from a most authentic source, may prove interesting.    James  F. Wardner, James McNaught, and others have  offered the sum of $500,000 for the property, the  amount to.be paid in sums as follows: The first  a cash payment of $200,000. The sum of $30,000  to be paid in 8 months, and alike sum to be paid  in 10, 12, 15, and 18 months, and fhe final pay-  in en t. of $150,000 to be made in "2 years. This  was at first refused by Charles Hussey, but he  has since accepted the proposition, and the  parties are now in New York city to consummate the sale. The purchasers agree to expend  $150,000 in the erection of a new mill, a tramway, and other improvements, and they insure  the deferred payments by security on the property, including the new works to be erected.  .-;' (xigniitic-  Bfceals in  Mining Properties.  One    of    the    most   comprehensive   mining  schemes ever formed in America is now under  way/.. It is in  the direction of the purchase of  mining properties in districts all the way from  Mexico to Canada.    Papers have recently been  signed   closing  up  one  portion of the scheme.  The silver mines known as the Badger, the Porcupine,-and the West End, located 40 miles from  Port  Arthur,   Ontario,   have  passed  from   the  hands of the parties who have controlled them  since their development.    This single sale aggregates   an   amount    approximating   $10,000,000.  The  nominal   purchaser  of  these properties, is  Herbert M.   Nichols of  Denver,  Colorado; but  back of him is a svndicate of English and Amer-  ican capitalists, 7 Englishmen and 5 Americans,  who are the real purchasers.    These purchasers  will organize, under the laws of Ontario, a. company that will assume ownership of the property.    This plan of organizing under- the Canadian laws is something new in English syndicate  operations.     The advantages to be  gained are  that the laws are much more liberal than those  in   the   United States,  and  do  not subject the  company to   tax   exactions   as   do   the  English  laws.    Companies  organized  under-  the "Joint  Stock Companies Act" of Eugland, for instance,  have to pay at the outset a registration tax amounting  to one-tenth of 1 per cent of the total  authorized capital stock, and the  income taxis  a   constant   burden.    While this new company  will be organized under the laws of Ontario, its  chief   officers   and   principal   offices   will   be   in  London.     These  3- mines   that   the   syndicate  have   purchased ������������������produce   one   half   the  silver-  taken     from      the      district     in      the      vicinity   of   Port   Arthur.    The   Badger   mine   has  made a great output of silver for lor*5 years and  was  considered  the richest'in   the  group,   but  ��������� within   the last  6 months there   have been remarkable developments in the Porcupine mine.  The report of the English examining engineer  showed in the Badger mine alone over- $2,000,000  of ore in sight.   The operations of this syndicate  are the direct result of the silver- legislation in  the United States.    When  the silver- bill went  into effect last August with the pur-chase of 400,-  000 ounces  of silver a month, the Englishmen  immediately turned their attention to American  silver mines.    There is no tariff on silver, so a  mine  just   over   the  border   in   Canada   or-   in  Mexico is considered as valuable as one located  in the United States. As part of the scheme  negotiations are now said to be under way for  some of the best properties "in 'British. Columbia,  as well as for some in the states of Chihuahua  and Sonora, Mexico. Negotiations are also  practically completed for 'some- valuable properties in -'Colorado. The Englishmen who are  interested in the syndicate have been in the  United States for some weeks, and an expert in  their employ paid Toad Mountain district a visit  two weeks ago.  SON'S   BAY  BLANKETS  AND  WAW JACKETS  AT  (Late  Walsh's)  15 EAST BAKER STREET.  APPLICATIONS   FOR   CROWN   GRANTS  Notico is hereby given that Richard A. Fry and-A. C. Fry  have tiled the necessary papers, and made application for  a crown grant in favor of the Grizzly Bear mineral claim,  situated at Toad Mountain, West. Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections to me within GO days from the date of this publication.                                                   G. 0. TUNSTALL,  _Ji(v^'e^tolvO^ Ja7i2iai__ 20^1, 1891.  Gold commissioner.  Notice is hereby given that Richard-A.'Fry and A. C. Fry  have'tiled the necessary papers and made application for  a crown grant, in favor of a'.mineral claim known as the Silver Queen, situated in the Toad Mountain subdivision,  West Kootenay district.  Adverse claimants, if any, are requested to forward their  objections to m'e within GO days from the date of this publication. *      G. C. TUN STALL,,  _ Revelstoke, January 29th, 1891.        Gold commissioner.  NOTICE. --���������-.���������  Notice is hereby given that application will be made to  the parliament of Canada at. its next session for an act to  incorporate a company with power to construct, equip,  operate, and maintain a line of electric telegraph and telephone from Sproats Landing on the Columbia river, in  Kootenay district, to the boundary line of the province of  British Columbia, together with all necessary powers,  rights and privileges.  Dated at Victoria, B. C, this 12th day of January, 1891.  CHARLES WILSON, solicitor for applicants.  McIntyke & Code, Ottawa agents.  NOTICE.  A. sitting of the County Court will be held at Nelson on  the 27th day of April next.  March 20th, 1891.  T. H. G1FF1N, registrar. 6  THE  MINER:    _TELSO_J,  E.  0M  SATUEDAY,  APEIL  18,   1891.  THE   SPY.   SYSTEM   OF   FRANCE.  The "Third Republic "is no freer than were  any previous French regimes, says a writer in  the Philadelphia Times, from this deep taint of  what the French call "Mouchardise." Never  before at any period of France's history has the  reign of spydom been so widespread and absolute in Par-is as now. There has been latterly  much discussion in the world's press of the extraordinary degree to which official espionage  obtains in Russia, and very interesting details  have been forthcoming on the subject. I am  now in a position to say that in Paris���������1 do not  say throughout the whole of France���������-the  meshes of the detective net are woven even  more closely around the entire population than  has ever been the case in St. Petersburg. Evidence of this, fact ,might easily be found in the  secret history of the Boulangist conspiracy.  From first to last evei'3' detail of this movement  was known to the police, more than three-  fourths of the Boulangists themselves being informer's. ,  The instant you arrive at. a Paris station you  are in the midst of spies. You are driven to an  hotel in a cab. In half an hour the cabman will  furnish the police with any particulars he may  have been able to get concerning your position,  ^destination, business, etc. Arrived at your  hotel, you become the object of scrutiny, as  close as it is secret, on the part of divers persons  who, though attached to the place in the capacity of manager, or cashier, or even 'porter- or  "boots," are iu reality enrolled soldiers of the  great detective army. And here I may mention  a special characteristic of the French detective  system���������its faculty of recruiting adherents in  all classes of society. French spies, for the '.most,  part, are not simple spies and nothing more.  They have a trade or occupation of their own,  to which they seem wholly and solely devoted,  while yet assiduously pursuing sub rosa their  spying!  The unsuspecting stranger in Paris has dinner  at his hotel served by a waiter who, as a matter  of course, is in the pay of the police, and will  subsequently report to them what conversation  he overhears during the meal. He then sallies  forth, primed with a glass or two of fine champagne, for an evening's amusement of the true  Parisian sort. First, he repairs to one of the  brilliant boulevard play-houses. A few stalls  away from him sits a gentlemanly-looking man,  with steady, observant eyes, who glances now  and again at our friend in such a way as to make  the latter think: "I wonder where I've seen  that man before?" He never has seen him before, but it doesn't enter his head for a moment  to suspect the man of what he really is���������a  police spy.  The play over, there is just time for half an  hour's stroll under the horse-chestnuts in the  Jardin de Paris. Here nine-tenths of the attendants are; either spies or scamps; or may, indeed, be both at once, for French police authorities are not very squeamish in choosing their  instruments, and seem to have a sort of preference for scoundrels over others. Their theory  runs that the greater villian a man is the better  spy he will make; moreover, the most efficacious  means of keeping a man under spy surveillance  is to have him become a spy himself, for spies  spy upon each other quite as much as on the rest  of mankind.  But our foreigner finishes up the evening by  turning into the cafe Americaine for supper,  where'he has for next door neighbor a seductive  young woman, with whom he enters into conversation. She has a sweet smile, which displays two rows of glittering teeth, and puts  many questions to him concerning France and  the French. Naturally enough, our visitor imagines this is all done out of that bright, easy,  Gallic politeness he admires so much, for- how is  he to know that every word Ire has said in reply  will come to the ear of the police not later than  the following after-noon?  If our friend be fond of sport he will soon be  finding his way to the race-course near the capital and into the baccarat clubs with which  Paris abounds, and here he will be hourly in  contact with police spies in greater- numbers  than there are racers on the course or cards in  the pack. And so the game goes on in every  sphere of Paris life and society.  Change  in Time.  The Northern Pacific has changed the running  schedule of its passenger trains as follows:   The  Pacific mail (west bound) leaves Spokane at 5:45  A.������������������__., and the Pacific express (west bound) at  5:05 P. M.; the Atlantic mail (east bound) leaves  at 6:40 A. M., and the Atlantic express (east  bound) at 11:28 P. M.  Digging CioM with a PocKet-fesiife.  The long-lost Breyfogle mine, which has been  claimed by many to be a myth, has been discovered at last by George Montgomery, an old Colorado miner. Every California prospector* is  familiar with the story of the Breyfogle mine.  It ranks with the Gunshot, tile Peleg and the  Lost  Cabin  legends.     Like, them   it   has  cost  dozens of lives.      The  story goes  that   in   the  early 50's a party in which Was Breyfogle- set out  for California by way of a road through southern   Utah.     Breyfogle, while prospecting  in a,  wild region, found a place where he could literally- dig great nuggets of gold out of decomposed  quar-tz   with   his  knife.      As  he  described   the  place, there was a large deposit of exceedingly  rich   ore,  enough   to   make   the   whole   party  wealthy.    The  party  were  short of provisions  and water, and the Indians troubled them, so  there was no  time to Waste in  mining.    They  pushed forward, but between Indians and thirst  only a few reached civilization.    Breyfogle told  his story, exhibited his nuggets and then spent  the restof his life in a fruitless  search  for the  deposit.    Others who heard the story followed  his example, and  for  upwards of 40 years the  Breyfogle mine has lured men to destruction in  the   terrible   deserts    of   southern    California.  Something like two months ago George Montgomery, well known in the Wood River region  of Idaho, was oh a. prospecting trip in the region  to      the     southeastward     of     Death     valley.  While    prospecting   in    Pahrurnp    mountains,  Montgomery made a discovery early in January  which bears every indication of being the long-  sought   Breyfogle   mine.    The   location   corresponds with that given by Breyfogle, while the  gold has been just as he said���������so plentiful that  'it. could   be  dug  out in   nuggets  with a knife.  The ledge is 8 feet wide with a length of 6000  feet.     In the decomposed surface rock the gold  is found almost like plums in a pudding.   Pieces  of quartz picked out are from a quarter to a half  bright yellow gold, while with a hand  mortar  the lucky discoverer pounded out in a short time  a yeast   powder canfull of  nuggets  of various  sizes.    All along the ledge free gold is found in  quantities that astonished the "oldest prospectors  and which seems scarcely credible.    After making  several locations  Montgomery spread  the  news of his discovery, the result being that 30or  40 miners or-e now at work  in the valley, while  others are  hurrying in from various directions.  Montgomery himself picked up the richest specimens and made his way across the desert to  Daggett, the nearest railroad point,  160 miles.  From there he went to San Francisco, where he  is now getting tools, supplies, etc., to open the  mines.    It is a poor man's camp, the ore being  easily worked, and fortunes are sure to come to  those who strike a good deal.  The undersigned is prepared to do operative  dentistry at his office, on Stanley street, from  2 to 4 P. M. (Sundays excepted). All work  guaranteed for one year.   Terms strictly cash.  E. C. ARTHUR, A. M., M.D.  Nelson, B.C, February 27th, 1801.  THIS    SPACE    IS    ItliSEKVEI)    FOK  DRUGGIST.  Main Street, Revelstoke, B. C.  (Branch store at Donald.)  DRUGS,  PATENT   MEDICINES,  and everything usually kept in first-class  drug stores.  CIGARS    AT   WHOLESALE    AND    RETAIL.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  w. j. wjxsorc.  ���������W.  PERDUE.  WILSON & PERDUE,  PROPRIETORS  OF  AT.  _IELS0_I AND AINSW0ETH.  Will contract to supply mining' companies and steamboats  with fresh meats, and deliver same at any mine or  landing in the Kootenay Lake country.  CORRAL AND STABLING  ���������    ATNELSON, ' ;     -  where saddle and pack animals can always be hired, and  teams obtained for job teaming.  ivn_____c_i]  oo:i^t:e____ots  with  merchants for hauling freight to or from railroad  depot and  steamboat wharf.  NELSON   OEFICK   AND   MARKET  NO. II EAST BAKER STREET  ���������GdEOr^E.. R. ELLIS, F. 0. S.  MINING   ENGINEER   AND   CHEMIST,  Author of "Practical Organic Analysis," the "Iron Ores of  the World," etc.; expert in the "Bluebird  Mining Suit" (Butte City):  _fl_LS4>_,   B. C.  Will examine and report on, or superintend the development of, mining properties in West Kootenay; advises on the treatment of ores, and furnishes specifications of mining, milling, and smelting plants.  ASSAY CM_R_ES: Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each.  Gold and silver, or lead and silver. $2. Copper, $2.50.  Silver and copper, $3. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gold,  silver, and copper, $4 ; and so on.  BUILDERS.  Will contract tor the erection of stores, hotels, dwellings,  bridges, etc., and guarantee work finished on time.  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Undertaking attended to.  Shop: Cor. Baker and Josephine S ts.  ������Jb      Ab  ARCHITECT,  CONTRACTOR   AND   BUILDER,  -    _ ELSOX,.   B6. ������ _  '  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings.  R.  J.   HILTS.  JOHN   LEE.  CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS,  i\K_S<>.\,   K. ���������.  Estimates made on all kinds of buildings, and contracts carried out with expedition.  The Pioneer Barber Shop,  ____    __]_    SHIELET,  PROPRIETOR..  SHAVING,   HAIR  CUTTING, SHAMPOOING,  all in artistic style and at the usual prices.  Will put in bath-rooms as soon as a suitable building can  be rented.   Shop at present in Edson & Go's restaurant, V.\ East Baker street.  I'^!gmjsmmtmm^mmmmms^mmm^smmmtwmmmisusmmim  g_i____iim������WBm������������M__nB  _______������M_^w���������a������ THE   MINEE:    NELSON,   E.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   APEIL  18,   1891.  Cor. Baker and Ward Sts.  NELSON, B. C.  H.   8c   T.   MADDEN  Proprietors.   :  The Madden is Centrally Located,  with  a frontage  towards Kootenay river, and is newly  furnished throughout.   ,  T !___ jH      T -A. 33 3_j-.iE3.  is supplied with everything in the market, the kitchen  being under the immediate supervision of Hugh  Madden, a caterer of large experience.        ;  THE BAR IS STOCKED WITH THE BEST  brands of beer, ale, wine, whisky, and. cigars.  ONLY TW0-ST0EY HOTEL IN NELSON.  The International has a comfortably furnished parlor for  '. ladies, and the rooms are large and furnished  newly throughout.  THE   TABLE   IS   ISSOT   SURPASSED  by any hotel in the Kootenay Lake country.  A share of transient trade solicited.  THE SAMPLE-ROOM IS STOCKED WITH CHOICE CIGARS  AND THE FINEST BRANDS OF LIQUORS.  PROPRIETORS  "The Pioneer Hotel of Toad Mountain District."  Corner of Vernon and Ward Streets,  JOHNSO  PROPRIETORS.  The reputation made for this house by its former proprietor, J. F. WARD, will be maintained by  the present management.  Headquarters for Miners and Mining Men.  Corner West Vernon and Stanley Streets, NELSON, B. C.  CREAM'-' OF   THE .-'..WORLD'S.  NEWS..  ; One of the largest mills for concentrating ores in the  world was started up on the 3rd instant near Wardner,  Idaho. It is the Bunker Iiill and Sullivan, and all the  Wardnerites are rejoicingat the prospect of good times to  come when those mammoth ore deposits are being worked  to their full capacity. The managers of the mine are  more than satisfied'with the'work of their mechanics, for  upon starting the. Pel ton wheel all things run as smoothly  as though the mill had been running for a month.     ,  Sir Charles Tupper returned to Ottawa on the 3rd instant from Washington. A meeting of the cabinet was  lield, lasting'2_ hours, after which sir Charles Tupper, sir  John Thompson, minister of justice, and G. E. Foster, minister of finance, left for Washington. There is great rejoicing in government oirelesat Ottawa, over the success of  Tupper's mission. It is learned that the'Canadian government, at a conference to be held in Washington, will submit a proposition which, it is hoped, will be satisfactory to  Blaine. This will not propose any radical departure from  the present policy of protection, but will be based on mutual concessions, which will not sacrifice vested interests.  Robert Sedgewick, deputy minister of justice of Canada,  says there is no foundation for the statement that the Say-  ward sealing vessel case would be withdrawn from the su-  .preme court of the United States, and that in reply to  Blaine lord Salisbury gave notice in no way to postpone or  stop the diplomatic correspondence in regard to the Behr-  ing Sea question. The Say ward case was to have come up  before the court on return of the writ of prohibition on the  13th. instant. ���������  Michael Davitt, editor of the London Labor World, has  sent a dispatch from Sligo, Ireland, to that paper, saying  the Parnellites admit they are beaten, and the Nationalists expect a majority of about 1000. The Tories, adds Davitt, voted for Dillon, the Parnellite candidate. The local  Orange lodge also supported the Parnellite candidate.  Newfoundland papers are filled with the most violent articles in denunciation of the British government in its  treatment of the colony in relation to French fishing  rights, and emphatically protesting against the Knutsford  bill, recently introduced in the British parliament.  The Mormon church conference opened at, Salt Lake on  the 4th instant. President Woodruff, in his address, congratulated the saints on God being with them, and advised  all to lead pure lives. Apostles Lund and Merrit urged  the importance of paying and standing by the priesthood.  Lund dwelt on the wickedness of the people of Missouri  and Illinois, who had driven out the saints because they  had obeyed divine commands. George Q. Cannon called  on the people to go raising sugar beets to supply the new  factory at Lehi.  George F. Edmunds of Vermont, who has been in the  United States senate since April, I860, and has nearly if  not all the time been one of the Republican leaders; has  resigned, to take effect the 1st of November next.     (  It is announced at "Washington, D. C, that the treasury  department has decided that domestic goods taken'from  ports in the United States by the Canadian Pacific to Revelstoke, British Columbia, may be transferred from cars  at that point under supervision of customs officers to American vessels for transportation down the Columbia river  to Little Dalles.  Deep and profound sorrow prevailed;at Bridgeport, Connecticut, on the 8th instant, over the death of P. T. Bar-  num, the famous showman. Flags were displayed at half  mast and emblems of mourning were seen everywhere.  Barnum leaves an estate of over $5,000,000, largely to his  legal heirs.  The recount in the Marquette electoral district gave  Watson 46 majority, being an increase over the declaration  of 24 votes.  A special census of Montreal shows that city's population  to be 211,302, which makes it the tenth amongst American  cities.  " Jumping Joseph " Martin of Manitoba has made another move, after being re-elected to the local house for  Portage la Prairie. The announcement is made officially  that he has resigned the attorney-generalship. He will  still remain a private member of the house, and gives as  the reason for his retirement that his private business demands more attention.  A flood, worse _han that of 1887, Avhen over ������2,000,000  damage was done, is feared at Montreal. The ice in the  St.. Lawrence river is beginning to break up at a time  when lake Ontario and the Ottawa river are higher than  for many years, and the water has backed up until all the  low lands from Montreal to Kingston, 140 miles, are covered with from 1 to 7 feet of water. The ice opposite the  city is piled up along the streets fronting the river, and the  river itself is rising at such a rate that, if it continues, -the  lower part of the city will be entirely under "water.- '1 he  country on tlic north" bank, as far as Dorval, is 4 feet under  water, and the Lachine canal is away over its banks.  All Berlin is laughing at the disastrous result of the emperor William's attempt at a triumphal entry info tlic  city. The emperor's estimate of the value of-theatrical effect is placed very high. Pie came up the river on a torpedo boat, upon the deck of which he stood, attired in the  full uniform of an admiral, in the attitude of Ajax defying  the lightning. The little vessel was caught by an eddy and  bumped against the abutment of a bridge, and disturbing  the equilibrium of the doughty monarch to the extent of  sending him upon the planks just vacated by his feet.  The outrage upon the dignity of the conceited emperor occurred within full view of two regiments of infantry,  which had been specially ordered in line at the river side  to receive him.   Surveying _. KoutWvf'oi* an _iiter-Uontiiic.nl.al- Railway.  The first 'surveying expedition to leave tins  country under- the auspices of the Inter-Continental Commission, which is charged with the  selection of the r-oute for- the proposed intercontinental railway designed to connect the railway system of North America with that of  South America, has left New York city for Panama. The expedition is headed by engineer-in-  chief W. F.  Shank,  late  of  the  Pennsylvania  railway, and comprises civil engineers, linemen,  and other assistants.    The party goes to Quito,  ���������Ecuador, and there ���������.separates'' into 2 divisions.  One of these will survey the route northward  from  that point along the Magdalena river to  Carthagena., Colombia, while the other division  -will proceed  southward to  Peru.    The second  expedition, which will be under captain Edgar  Z. Steever, Third cavalry, United States army,  will   survey   the   route   through   the    Central  America.n  states,   beginning on   the  border of  Mexico, and continuing on through Guatemala^  Honduras,  and -Nicaragua,.to  the  Nicaraguan  canal.    Arrangeinents are now being  made for  the departure of this expedition from'.-Washing-;  ton to Guatemala via Mexico.    This party will  comprise about 30 or  10 persons, consisting of  army, officers, civil engineers, and the usual assistants that go to make up a surveying party.  A third expedition, to be in charge- of a naval  officer, will be sent to the United States of Colombia and Venezuela later in the spring, provided the commission is successful in getting the  number of naval officers it desires.  00TE1AY HOTEL  Vernon Street, near Josephine,  XKLSON-, -IB. C."  SODERBERG   & JOHNSON,  PROPRIETORS.  THE  HOTEL OVERLOOKS THE KOOTENAY  its guests thus obtaining splendid views  of both mountain and river.  THE   ROOMS  are comfortable in size and  newly furnished.  THE   TABLE  is acknowledged   the best  in the mountains.  TZHZIE   _3���������__IE_  is; stocked-with the best liquors and cigars procurable.  No whiskies sold except-Hiram Walker & Sons'  celebrated brands.  ___E3I_i]  HOTEL AND KESTAUKANT.  EALS   AT   ALL   HOURS  .OI������l__    B>AY    A_S*  . NHiillT. ;  Rooms and Sleeping Accommodations for 30 People  NO.  13   EAST BAKER   STREET.  JT_   EDSOInT AT.   SIISTID-A-IR,  PROPRIETORS.  KALFOUK,   ES.   _.  FLINT  & GrALLOP, Proprietors.  The BAlVFOUll commands a fine view of the Gullet and  Lake, and will-be kept, second, to no hotel in  I Lot, Springs district.  Balfour is easily accessible to the'mines   in   Hot Springs-  district, and is in the center of a largo area of mineral country not yet -prospected.    'It is also  within easy.distance of the Kootenay  Lake and Pilot, Bay sawmills.  TRAIL O'ltElfilv, B. C.  W.   R.   FOIH/rON  PKOPltlKTOK  The Gladstone is the best kept hotel in the Trail Creek  niining district, its proprietor being a caterer of experience.  The table will always be supplied with the best, of everything obtainable. The bar is stocked with choice liquors  and cigars, including Hiram Walker & Sons' pure rye  whiskies.   Good stabling for animals.  i/'y"'1 r.'. ���������'��������� "g' ���������   .   ���������"?.' '."J1 -vt" jy ���������-���������'���������''JJ     I _     ��������� i"l ILT.  ���������.     -.  .*&?..-,��������� -v.i  __--_,ij��������� i a .'.   .'���������.:*���������*-.���������i-*e_ __..._���������*  -. 'I.  ������������������>_v.-:v?V-4������*.i ��������� ��������� -��������������� _*���������_,--.>,������������������'*���������_-:  ..������������������:: + . ;���������'.-_ ���������-._ -* ._���������������������������_ -v-.v ���������,  MM".  ���������"__.. A'+  ..*���������-_ :;-���������._-t  v_l --1 _j_>j__^ ,..���������___,*_:  "-������������������ ?j��������� rV.!L*_ ^lW*. ���������'* r-. _=rw-  -_5������ :_-r1fc_.UK^_ ���������__-:::-.' ;__-.*  _������_;.���������.____.____ 8  THE   MINES:    NELSON,   B.   0.,   SATUEDAY,   APEIL   18,   1891.  Main Street,  EEVELSTOKE  Railroad Avenue,  SPROAT.  WHOLESALE   ^_.I>T_D   _=_ET___II_  Agent for the Hamilton Powder Company and Hiram Walker & Sons' Whiskies.  SMALL' -_|]������'������I___'��������� ������F- .\TS<;WS.  Crossport is the name of the town at which Burns &  Chapman, the Great Northern contractors, have their  headquarters. It is on the' Kootenay, (i miles above Bonner's Ferry. It is reported a -red-hot canvas town, 16 saloons generating the heat.  Tired of the alkali water.and frozen wastes of Manitoba,  F. J. Larmour and Albert Garrett, fan hers froin the Mowbray section of that province, have .conic to the Kootenay  Lake country to drink pure water and enjoy sunshine.  Mr. Larmour is the father of "Dave" Larmour, the well-  known speculator of Nelson, and lias accepted a job at the  Davies-Say ward, mill as sawyer.  As was expected, the regular mail did not, reach Nelson  this week, and it is not known when it will. Cause: Incompetent officials.  Angus MoTntyre came in from Kettle river on Thursday  with a band of pack animals.,, He reports Kettle Falls  booming, but could see nothing behind the town but wind.  The new boat building at Little Dalles is to be ready by  June 4th. Under "tlic. "terms of''the contract, the contractor  is to forfeit ������50 for every day the boat remains unfinished  after that date, but is to receive a bonus of ������100 for every  day he has it finished before that date. The contractor informed mr. Mclntyre that he expected to earn several  hundred dollars of the bonus money.  The Davies-Say ward Lumber Company are now prepared to fill orders for any description of lumber or-building material. Over ()00,006 feet of lumber are piled up in  the mill-yard at Pilot bay. The firm that undertook to put  in 3,500,000 feet of logs in the mill-pond'are makinggood  headway. They 'have delivered 500,000 feet and have  500,000 feet more boomed ready for towing; besides, they  have fully 1,500,000 feet in a creek ready to drive as soon as  the water rises.  Wanted���������Fifty-girls, sensible enough to take care of  their reputations and industrious enough to earn a living,  can find employment at Nelson and Ainsworth.  No  country on  earth has a more delightful climate in ,  April and May than the .mountain districts of southern'  British Columbia.   Not too warm to prevent a willing man  from working, and just cool enough to give a lazy man an  appetite.  Mrs. J. C. Rykert returned to her home at the boundary  line last week from a visit to relatives in Ontario and York  state.  It is reported on the authority of the general freight agent  of the Northern Pacific that that road will.have a branch  from the main line to the Kootenay in running operation  by July 15th.    The report comes direct from St. Paul.  0.13. Benson, a photograpor from Butte, Montana, has  opened a.gallery on West Vernon street. J. Dover, of  Hunt & Dover, jewelers and watchmakers, Donald, has  rented a store on Josephine street, and will have a stock of  -goods-displayed within a month. James McDonald & Co.  will open a furniture store on East Vernon street as soon  as the goods can be got in. W. Kirkup & Co. announce  that they will start a stove and tin store the first week in  May.   And still no signs of a laundryman.  The Galena on her last trip brought Isaac Nail and his  bride to their ranch home-on the Kootenay. Mr. Nail is an  old-time prospector, and is, well known in"the lake country  as the discoverer of the Poorman mine on Eagle creek.     " ,  Personals:   Albert Barrett returned on Tuesday from a  trip to Deer Lodge, Butte, and  Helena/Montana,    lie has  resumed work at the Nelson meat market.   J. Fred Hume  arrived this week from  Levelsioke. making the trip down  on the Marion.    Tie reports the hotels at   lievelsfoke doing  a good business, but that, the  men-hants are  not making  fortunes fast.    11. Byers, of Tlolley, IMason,  Marks  __  Co.",  Spokane, came in  on   the Galena this week, and before he  goes  out  he will have  made expenses.    He docs nothing  but sell hardware and talk of the future greatness of Spokane.     A.  J.  Marks  is on   the outside  purchasing body-  Brussels carpets and. mahogany furniture for the Nelson  hotel.    Hereafter lie does not propose to let his friend Dan  McGillivray "double up'' with a "snorer"'when in Nelson.  Tom Madden has-gone up to Kevelstokc to interview his  friend Jim McDonald about a  carload'of hotel furniture  that he promised to have at Nelson by the first boat.   John  McLeod came over from  Sproat on Monday to purchase  real estate and secure the assistance of a brother justice-  of-tho-peace.   He secured the latter, and the 2 of them read  the riot act to 2 disreputable females who have been making their headquarters  in   the  town named  in  honor of  Gilbert Malcom, the first  king of  West  Kootenay.    Jim  Fox returned  to  Nelson from   Spokane  Friday evening,  coming in by way of Marcus.    He reports Nelson livelier  than even Spokane. B. P. Bosvyell, a capitalist from Kingman, Arizona, arrived at Nelson this week. ,I_ E. Lemon  returned from the outside this week, and says that where-  everhewent he was questioned about the lake-country.  At Minneapolis, at Chicago, at Toronto, every business  man whom he met asked questions* about our mineral resources, the character of the mines, and the amount of development work done. Mr. Lemon left on Friday morning  for a trip to the coast. It.is his intention to center his business at Nelson, and to that end will probably close out his  stores at Revelstoke and Sproat. ���������  -,. -     ,        c  Travelers from the east report that the dining-car and  eating-house service on the Canadian .Pacific is a disgrace  to that much-advertised road, amd not, to be compared with  that of the Northern Pacific. Between Montreal and Vancouver there is but one place where a good meal can be obtained, and that is at the Glacier house in British Columbia.  A Town .Stricken, 'by  HSligltt.  The town of Colville, the one-time pride of the  Colville  valley, is said to be suffering severely  from an attack of Kettlefallsvm, and If a  change for the better does not take place soon  she will throw up her,.charter and relapse into a  lrhorse village like Ohevvelah. The smelter is  idle, the Old Dominion mine has not even a  watchman employed to guard its 900-foot tunnel, and of 9 saloons there will soon be but 3 left  to sell tanglefoot to the stragglers who drift  through the place from the north. ,'Tis a pity  ���������'tis true, for the little town was pleasantly situated and had bright prospects until laid low by  the blight, of townsite speculators.  ANNOUNCEMENT.  To the Editor of The Miner: Please reserve a space  in your paper for W. Kirkup & Co., who will open a general stove and tin business at Nelson as soon as a carload  of goods arrive from the east, which will be about the first  'week in May. W. KIRKUP & CO.  Revelstoke, April 7th.  A pack train of 12 to 14 animals and complete outfit. The  animals are sound and in good condition, and all the outfit  in servicable order. Price $700. Apply to II. F. Keefer,  Columbia & Kootenay grade, Nelson, B. C.  I have discontinued selling lots in Balfour for the winter  months. This will give an.opportunity for holders to improve tlic shining hours of winter'bv selling to their friends  outside. CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1S90.  NOTICE.  During my absence from Kootenay, T. Vincent Thurburn  of Baker street holds my.power-of-attorney, and Mr. Saunders of Balfour to act as my resident agent there, in accordance with the terms of the land act.  CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, B. C, November 25th, 1890.  PROl'RrETOR OF THE  ZPIEO  ���������L_"_������  L  AND  >V;ii"_ -Street, -rear   *.io've_ limcnt  Building,  NELSON, B.C.  Will undertake any work or contract in which pack animals or teams can be used.    Will furnish.  SADDLE AND PACK ANIMALS  to parties who-wish, to examine mines and claims  in. Toad Mountain district.  WILL   CONTBAGT- TO   CABBY, PASSENGEES  and baggage, to and from hotels ; also, freight  to and from steamboat wharves' and  railway depots. <  FRESH RANCH EGGS FOR SALE.  B'o.stollicc  Store.   Nelson,   fiS.  ���������.  AND GENTS' FUENISHING GOODS.  ALSO,   FULL  LINES  OF  Toilet Articles and Stationery.  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  Town lots, lands, and mining claims handled on commission. Conveyancing documents ] drawn up. Collections made and returns promptly remitted.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, NELSON, B. 0.  ill  ������������?&������  _S_*ES5^^  HTO9_3_BH__^ro__������_  id$Hr*


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