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The Ledge May 8, 1919

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j, ��� <��������-      ���*�����-     -������^   ��� ���!   ""'"HI! ����� ������"^ .^Miwaay  gfriat^       ^^>^<W^   ilii    mifg
li^OLbEST\MINING  CAMP'NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
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Vol.   XXV.
GREENWOOD, B. C., THURSDAY, MAY 8,  1919.
^
No. 43
MAINr  NEW   LINES
Come In And See Our
"v
^     Large And Well Assorted Stock Of
Carpets,   Furniture,   Pictures,
Crockery, Etc.   Etc.
Many   kinds of Oil,  Tinware
and  Hardware
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28        X       GREENWOOD, B. C.
_ Deki Julia 65c ^
���� EMPRESS,   MALKIN'S   BEST,   NABOB  70c or 2��S for. $1.35 2
-S '    , BRAIDS BEST at 65c.    - 3
g BLUE RIBBON 121b Dksfe. 35c. BLUE RIBBON lib pkee 65c =2
jj~ BLUE RIBBON 31b tins $1 85. BLUE RIBBON 51b tins $3.00 g
S~    Choice Bulk Tea 60c cer lb.      Choice Spider Ue Tea 70c Jg
| Phone 46      LEE & BRYAN    ~]
���~: Canada Food Board,License No, 8-6251 ;Hj
aaiaiaiamuiiiiiiiaiaiiiiiaiiiiiiiiiiiiUiUiaiiiaiiiiiiiiiir^
- *
Mazda Tlingsten Lamps
.15 to 40 Watt limps���50c each.-
'60 WattLarifps���75ceach.
100 Watt Lamps���$125 each.
NITROQEN
LAMPS
60 Watts   ���   V   ���<   $1.25 each
100- ;i     /   -   -   2.00 �����-
200   "     ���   /   ^   3.50-"
Greenwood City Waterworks Co.
EVERYTHING ELECTRICAL
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
^        of Canada, Limited
_- _ Offices,s&neliitig and Refining ^Department.   - '-
.TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead Ores
Producers of Gold,', Silver,  Copper,   Bluestone,  Pig Lead and Spelter
-      "TADANAC" BRAND
P. BURNS & CO.
AADA FOOD BOARD LICENSE KG. 113
; Dealers in t Fjesk. and Salt Meats, Fish v
' and .Poultry^'.-'Shops in-nearly, all the *
- ' towns I'of^the" Boundary and Kootenay. .<_ t-.-
COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD; B.C.
I
Banking Service
VOUR banking requirements may ]
A be entrusted to this Bank with
every confidence that careful and
efficient service will be rendered.
. Our facilities are entirely at your
disposal.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE.   14
Greenwood Branch     L. E. Brawders, Manager
AGENT FOR
I , Massey-Harris
FARM IMPLEMENTS
Before buying see me about
BINDERS,   MOWERS,  RAKES.
PLOWS, HARROWS, ETC.
Motor tractors and complete line
of Farm implements
J, G. MCMYNN
MIDWAY      -      -     B.C.
TREES
BIRDS
GRASS
ARE   BUDDING
ARE,  SINGING
IS   SPROUTING
I Around Home"
-There are a few cases of Flu in
Hedley.
Dave Oxley is working for the
C.P.R. at Eholt.
Free Miner's Certificates expire
on the 31st of May.
Joe Kelly has returned to
Beaverdell from Spokane.
Pte. George Gaw has returned
to the Porks from France.
Waltham
Boys Watches.
���9
^    SPRING   IS   HERE
 30 ARE	
Fit REFORM SUITS
Smart and Comfortable
Any Style You Desire
Prices Right
W.EIsonfrCo
Greenwood
SINGER ROTARY
SEWING MACHINES
SINGER MOTORS
Easy Terms
Mason & Risen Pianos
Victor Gramophones
'. \ and Records   ~
Mail orders promptly attended to
the Singer Store
\ ��� h. Veber. ngti.    ,-',.
* ��� ,. - .
PO. Box 152, Grand Forks. B.C.
Z      '   Y<-   Xr' . ���   ���>      - i:;X'*>>
HBMHIHiaHHHaanHBnMM
Christian Science service will be held
in the MELLOR BLOCK on Sunday at I x
a. m. ��� All welcome. Every Wednesday
at 8 p. m., testimonial meetings will be
held m the same block. Sunday School
every Sunday morning.
MATTHEWS  BftOS.
GRAND  FORKS
Agents for Chevrolet, Dodge, Hudson,'
Chalmers, Cadillac cars, and RepublicV
truck motors Garage in connection.
WANTS, ETC.
Old newspapers for sale at
The L��edge office���- Get-some before they are all gone.
BOH)
4*
*
4��
Float
4
C LOAT is'nofe a periodic-
*��� al. ' It is a book con-
taining 86 illustrations all j
told, and is filled with 4��
sketches and stories of
western life. It tells how
a gambler cashed in after
the flush days of Sandon ;
how it rained in New Denver long after Noah was
dead; how a parson took a
drink at Bear Lake in
early days; how justice
was dealt in Kaslo in 93;
how the saloon man out-
prayed the women in Kalamazoo, and graphically depicts the roamings of a
western editor among  the
of Nelson and a   romance
of the Silver King mine.
In   it are   printed    three ��g���
ju western poems, and dozen's ^
X o^ articles   too   numerons jf
*��* to mention.    Send for one ***
before it is too late.   The
price   is   25   cents,  postpaid to any part of   the
world.     Address   all   letters to
At     McEl moo's.
Watches
Sam Crowell isstilfin Midway,
somewhat improved in health.
E. A. Black is moviflg from
Phoenix, to a town on the prairie.
Jimmy Copland is working on
the wagon road near Bridesville.
Wagner apples. The last shipment for the season. G.A. Rendell.
Tim Sullivan took af look at
the scenery in" Greenwood this
week.  \ N
The railway strike at' Princeton is expected to be settled- this
week. _ f
,  Get ypur job  printing' at' The
Ledge,  before  the paper  is  alU
gone. - , "       , *
Mrs.' M. D. White, of Victoria,
is visiting her sister, Mrs. A.
Sater. , -
Mrs. Harvey Griswold died in
the Forks last week from pneumonia. -    - ���    ���',
;At Coalmont three trucks are
hauling coaj from the mine to the
railway. -^ ' '
W. H. Docksteader. was in
Grand Forks, ou Wednesday
afternoon. . .
Full line of 'fishingftackle at
Goodeve's Drug store. Get ready
for fishing. v-
Mr. and Mrs. G. B. Garrett, of
Grand Forks, are on a visit to the
coast cities.   -
Born.���To Mr. and "Mrs. J.
Bolti5,of Boundary Falls, on
April 30, a son:-     '    . -\  . -
.Cr T. Hopperv^oflRofckXreek,
has bWght',rCHevfolel'car'irom
Matthews Bros.
Jack McKellar and Jim Dale
were in town this week, from the
silver metropolis.
A. C. Mesker has returned from
Spokane |ind resumed his run on
the Boundary train,
Drowns in Boundary Creek
John Albert Sater, son of J_tr.
and Mrs. A. Sater, was drowned
in Boundary Creek on Friday
evening, May 2. John was out
hunting cows in company with
John Kerr, and they attempted to
cross a foot-bridge near the skating
rink. Finding the bridge unsafe
after they had got well on to it,
the'boys started back, John Kerr
making the end safely, while John
Sater, in the act of turning, lost
his balance and fell into the raging torrent. Being unable tb swim
in the swift and cold water, John
was carried down about half a mile
and he��was taken out of the water
by George Hood, who had waded
out into the stream, and with the
aid of a rake, caught the body as
it was going by. -, Many willing
hands tried their best to restore life
but their efforts were of no avail.
J. J. Strutzel brought .the' pulo-
tnofcor from Phoenix, and Mr. Nelson' who operates the machine,,
worked hard for many an hour,
but all his v efforts were unable
to bring back life.
John was born in this city about
13 years ago and was a'pupil at the
local public school.'1* He was a favorite among all the children and
well-liked by all who came in contact with him.    The sympathy of
| Western Float I
40_ jitneys in Kam-
are
15   cents   a, quart in
a million hens.    Let
improving at Salmo
There
loops.
Milk   is
Kaslo.
B. C. has
us crow!
Times are
and Ymir.
Kamloops will hold a tax sale on
September 22.
There are mauy cases of Flu at
Wenatchee, Wash.
George Thair has moved from
Roseberry to Kaslo.
Dr. Shepherd has returned to
Kelowna from Siberia.
Canada should export more
goods, and import less.
Mining News
The Silversmith   mill at Sandon
has resumed operations.
Robert Wood is resuming operations on the Sally near Beaverdell.
There is a great future for the
mines on the South Fork, near
Kaslo.
A plaster mill  will be erected,
Kaslo should not miss'having a  and the gypsum deposits worked at
the entire community' goes out to a Pa* hand
between 2 and:4
���Mr."' Sinclair,  Presbyter-
Lieut. JR. Dasm^es, of the
French army, has returned to his
home at Westbridge.
There are 17 children attending
the school at Eholt, and 20 at
the-Emma mine'school,
" Mrs. C. W. Coss died at
Bridesville this week, Joseph
Johnson is her brother. -
through lack of having no
pupils in attendance, the Dead-
wood school closed last,week.
Fresh killed beef and veal for
sale every Saturday, 20c upwards.
J. _ Meyer, Government street.	
Oscar Lachmund autoed in
from Colville, Sunday, and returned to that city on Tuesday.
Wm', Miller returned -from
Grants Pass last Saturday, and
will probably work on the pole
line.
The body of a dog can be seen
in a shaft at the Bay mine. It
must'have fallen iu during the
winter.
. The. Douks have a-greed to sell
their land at Grand Forks for
soldier settlement, at a reasonable figure.
Archie Aberdeen is doing some
work on his ranch at Bridesville.
He is 91 years young and still
going strong.
Sergt. ��. N. Mowat will go to
Dr. Wood's hospital on,Friday,
to .have some shrapnel cut
out of his leg.
Just in, a shipment of prints,
lawns, nainsooks. White cottons
for underwear, etc. G. A. Rendell, Greenwood.
Dan Mackenzie and George
Hambly came in from Beaverdell
last week to get a touch of life in
 0   ._ the red metal city.
tender-feet in the cent belt. J Mrs. G. A. Rendell has re-
It contains the early history V turned from Rock Creek, where
_* xt_i�����..      j _   __ ske SpeQt severai ��jayS nursing a
case of double pneumonia.
It is 13 years this week since
The Ledge was first published in
Greenwood. It was about 13
years old when it arrived in town.
The Ledge is 52, a year in
advance. When not paid for
three months it is $2.50, and
when paid at end of year it is $3.
Charles Oliver and children,
will sail from Montreal on the
29th for England, where they
will reside in the future. Mrs.
George White and Mrs. T.
Jenkin and children  will  accom
| R. T, Lowery *
������     GREENWOOD, B. C.     <f��
.���f* ����� ��f ��� *fr * ���$��� ����� *f *f * ��f 4��
Mr.  and Mrs.  A.   Sater in their
great loss. i ,
The funeral service was held at
the Family residence on Tuesday
afternoon,  when the stores of the
city  were closed
6'cloctcT
ian student conducted the services
A very large crowd were at the
funeral, the school children attend-
ed in a body, and there were about
40 floral tributes. The pallbearers
were chums of the deceased. They
were: Sonford .Pond, Ivor Potts,
Harold Mellrud, Maurice Parker,
Alfred Oliver and Jack Anderson.
Interment took place in'Green-
wood cemetery.
Try Aunt Jemina's Buckwheat
Cakes for breakfast, with either
honey or syrup. f We have a good
variety to choose' from G. A.
Rendell.
Joe Galipeau, Roy Curran and
Frank Newbauer, motored in
from Grand Forks, and were entertained by* friends on Wednesday eyening.
. Tom Hennessey came over from
the Forks last week to record
some assessment work on his
claims. . He is flow with the
bridge crew on the Great Norths
em.
Pedigree Senator-Dunlop strawberry plants, hardy northern
grown stock. Ten dollars per
thousand. "One hundred plants
postpaid for S2.2S. Monrad
Wigen, WynndeK B.C.
Mrs, Pontesso/and two children, of Grand Forks, James Clark
and Sanford Pond, of Trail,
arrived in the city on Monday, to
attend the funeral of John Sater,
on Tuesday afternoon.
We have received a car of
Royal Household Flour, Rolled
Oats, Bran, Shorts and Wheat
from the Ogilyie Flour Mills,
prices right.   G. A. Rendell.
Otto Jeldness was in Republic
last week upon mining business.
He is one of the greatest freethinkers in the west,  and at his
home in Spokane has the finest  ���. ,..,_.
library of Liberal literature west *rs.nee'    ih,1.8 w3eU'fe
of Chicago. - engineer entated a<$
W. IL Esling of Rossland was
in town last week in connection
the old-time   newspaper men
Trail and Rossland, but says he
wiil   never   run   another   news
paper.
Major John L. Retallack _
Kaslo, has been appointed Provin
cial Publie Utilities Commissioner.
He made  a fortune  out  of  the
celebration on May 24.
The Nelson fair will be held
September-23, 24, and 25.
There is some talk of Silverton
becoming an incorporated city.
A. H. Blumenauer has started a
chicken ranch in New Denver.
A daily auto stage is runniDg between Vernon and Kamloops.
In and around Quesnel there are':
more than 30 returned soldiers.  -
It is reported that Kamloops is
full of booze and gambling dens.
Bob Cunning has "been elected
mayor of Sandon  by  acclamation.
Bob Bates.'died in Nelson this
week.   He came to "Nelson in 1889.
Mrs. Tom Bradner was killed in
an.auto accident at Mission City.
P. D. McDonald, formerly of
Penticton, will marke a ftrip to
Australia.
It takes a long, stack of blue
chips, to make a gambler lay down
Mr. and ^ Mrs. John McLeod of
Kaslo celebrated their golden wedding last month.
Tom Lonerg'au has returned, to
live in New Denver, after an
absence of 20 yeais.
During the past. year in Nelson
there were iOO-deaths, 102 mar-
riagea;a'nd"175"tirth8Z' "xXX[;''"
. There were no deaths in Vernon
from the recent Flu wave that
swept through that city.
After being Tor six years in the
hands of a ^receiver, Sandon will
again .have a city council. '^
The Harrison House; the pioneer
hotel of Chilliwack has been torn
down.    It was built in 1892.  '
During the war, Mrs. Foote of
Revelstoke,' knitted nearly 400
pairs of socks for the soldiers.
If you wish to boi! a cracked
egg without the white coming out,
add a little vinegar to the water.
Sam Robb died in Vancouver
last week, aged 53 years. He was
the dean of the Vancouver press.
Ollie Harris has returned to Nelson, after serving with the Railway itroppi_in _France_for_severftl
years.
Sam Hunter has returned .to
Kaslo, much improved in health,
after spending six months in'Cali-
brnia.
The sawmill at Gerrard will resume operations this week. In the
mill and woods about 40 men will
be employed.
.i,    James A. Gilmour died  in Oro-
" ville last month.    He had lived in
the states of Oregon and Washington since 1849.
The C. Pi B. will put on a fast
all-sleeping car train on June 1st.
It will run between Montreal and
Vancouver in 93 hours.
What is the name of the gentleman in Nelson, who is engaged !to
a widow in Los Angeles, who is
worth a million dollars?
For refusing ��to pay his board
bill at the 'Bertois' hotel in Cascade, William Blair, was ai rested
and given three months suspended
sentence.
The passport regulations between
the United States and Mexico have
been relaxed. It is expected that
horse racing at Tia Juana will be
resumed in July.
Lieut-Colonel Angus W. Davis
has returned to Nelson from
France.    This well-known mining
a
1914, and came back a colonel.
Some Chinks at Kelowna have Ivanhoe,
with some business for the power ��eea gating opium  by mail.   One company may again  operate their
line to Princeton.    Bill is one of wa���s. """���ft caught with a S125     .  P   y      y   " _Ci?rence   Can
��,��� ��w.*i.~��   --�������� ��� of package or the dope,  that he had s     oanaon. ���-warence   Lnn-
jnst taken out of the postoffice,     ���
Thousands of tourists will eome
into Canada this year from
United   States,   and    a   vigorous centrator,
advertising campaign would  bring j erected at
The Laurier Mining Co. has
leased its mine near Cascade to six
Elinors from Butte.
The International
vention will be held
June 19, 20 and 21.
mining con-
in  Nelson on
Falkland, Grand Prairie.
Cunningham's new mill
Alamo, near Three Forks
a capacity of .300 tons daily.
at
has
The Granby smelter at Grand
Forks, is now- receiving regular
shipments of coke from Fernie.
The Rimbler-Cariboo, near
Three Forks has resumed operations, after being shut "down for
months.
H. W. C. Jackson has opened a
mining broker's office in "Spokane, z
Years'ago he was editor "of the-
Rossland Miner,   and is a notedv
writerupon miniDg.
F.   C.  Moore   has   severed   hip
connection  with  the  Hewitt   ar'1
Van Roi mines at Silverton,   at l"
will operate' as a consulting minii><r<
engineer in Spokane.
The old  workings of, the Providence at Greenwood are being
pumped out; and a  full  crew Will -.
be again'at work this -week?"iTKex~
Providence'has^plenty -ofSsreof a %
good grade.'
The Trail smelter has made ",'
reduction of 45_cents a ton on on- '
received for treatment. Change?
in the wage scab and the price of
coke is the reasen for the reduction, which means a saving of $45
on every 100 toris of ore.
Robert Wood and George White
will work the North Star "under
lease.- This- is a gold property-
above the Jewel, near Eholt. It
is a tunnel proposition and shows
values of ��20 a ton in gold and
silver. A trial "shipment will be
made in June.
Charles Oliver bought a half interest in the Bell in the Beaverdell camp   two   3-ears   ago.     He
cleaned  up  620,000 from r his in-'
terest,  aDd  the ^other day  sold-to
Pat Crane and Duncan  Mcintosh
fonT824,500.    In some sections of
America a camp like  BeaverdelL
would  cause a sensation, and fillN
the mountains  with an  army of
prospectors.    The Boundary country needs more boosters  and more
advertising.
J. M. Harris and Fred Kelly,
have sold the Reco miii9 near
Sandon, to James Dunsmuir of
Victoria for S250,000. For years
Mr. Dunsmuir has owned the
Noble Five,' adjoining the Reco.
The Reco wes located in July 1892
by Hill, Brown and Reccand who
sold to J. M. Harris and others
for $2,800. Since that ttme ife has
made much money for its owners
and the-many operators wdo held
leases on it.
In the Slocan a new mill is to be
erected at tbe Noble Five.���It is
private in reported that a large body  of milling ore has been  struck on   the
and   that- the   Surprise
;j? company may again  operate their
ningham has mov^d hi3 head offic^
from Sandon to Alamo,  where he
the recently erected a  $200,000 con-
The   first   mill   was
Alamo 25 years  ago,
of thousands   more.      The   avpra^nij    -        *t ��� #   ��    , .
- ��;*?-��*, <,��*!,��� ttL-* j  al\    7     gBl during    the    regime   of   Captain
citizen of the Un ited States knows Ur       ��� j ������� -    �� t^ f
'.   no   more about Canada than  i^Moore and Major Mcflermn.
does about Mexico
Educate them I
-������-�� ������.^ ��... ���.wut- JVhuewater mine years ago, and is and they will come across the Hnej Good ' advertising has saved
pany them with the intention of a noted pioneer of the Kootenay without trembling and spend their many a town and district fram
spending the summer in England, country. money. L��� ^riv h�����.'
-   XX, ill
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hnearly death'. A.JVVt:i
_��hf?j'3rtK?'?i:'eJtfr
the ; liEjjifiK    <iiiwWMW(Kvn
r
a
Give Cuticura the Care
Of Your Skin
And watch that troublesome eruption disappear. Bathe with Cuticura Soap, dry and apply Cuticura
Ointment. For eruptions, rashes,
irritations, etc., they are wonderful. Nothing'so insures a clear shin
and good hair as making Cuticura
your cvery-day toilet preparations.
Cuticura Snap Kin.. Ointment '.5 Mil 60c. Tul-
enra IS.;. jjlusCMisdirtn tiurrr*. Kohl ovcrrwlu-re.
I'or >&iupl<.�� #..jt.-?h fr��� address : " Catlccra, Etpt.
H. Bo.tor., V, fl. A."
! therefore,   should   lhe  local  merchant
not adopt, the same method, and,    as
one writer puts it, say: "Mr. Farmer,
I've been on this spot serving you for
ycars. . I've  given  you   many   favors.
i But   you   make   your   most   important
j purchases by  mail���pay  cash  in    ad-
; vance.     Now,  surely,  it  is  only     fair
that you pay me cash in advance also
j lor  the  small    purchases    you    now
make  here.     Kvcry  time   I  pay   cash
the jobber give's me a discount of 2
to '5  per cent.    Kach  ycar he allows
mc  also 9  per  cent,  for  prepayment
of my  bills.    You  pay .me  cash  and
Teaching Certificates
For Soldiers
Special Privileges Granted to Returned Men in Saskatchewan
In order to enable soldiers returning to civilian life to enter upon a
fairly remunerative line of work, even
though it may bc only for a temporary period, thc minister of education
announces that any of th.e Saskatchewan soldiers who wish to engage in
teaching will be permitted to <lo so
provided they have satisfactory academic standing. Such soldiers holding
(F
EDITORIAL
r-^
=^
111  turn  this advantage  over  to  vou.,   ,,,,,.,,        ...
.,    ,      . ... ,     , '��� ,vl,   . ".     .   at least third class diplomas or cqmv-
Both of tis will bc better off.       And'
the discrepancy  between  city    house
prices and those of  thc  local     merchant would largely disappear.' j
The local town or village should do
nlcnt standing will, upon submitting
a certificate of honorable discharge,
bc granted provisional certificates
valid in auy rural school in thc proZ
vince for a year. Furthermore, if the
its part. It should identify itself inspector's ��� report on their work in
more with the lives of the farmers ; thc schoo, r00U1 is satisfactory, such
upon those whose trade its exists. It [soldiers will bc granted permanent
should provide an attractive rest j teaching- certificates without being rc-
rooin   where   the   farmer's  wife     and   quired  to attend  the  provincial  Nor-
Are Mostly French ,
Strassburg.���- The census taken here under the direction of
thc French authorities has.been
completed and .shows that fifty-
nine pcr cent, of the population
is Alsatian, that ten per cent,
were born of German-Alsatian
parentage, and lhat twenty-
eight per cent. are. Germans.
The remaining';tlir-ce per cent..
' of inhabitants belong to different nationalities.
Aeroplanes for, Universities
Italy Will Not    -
Make Further'Move
babies can gather out of the cold, or
wet, or hot sun for the hour or two
they are in lown. It should be equip-
mal  school.
As has already been announced, any
Saskatchewan
teacher who holds a
ped so that the mother can care for i teacher's certificate of lhe. first, seethe children and tidy up aud refresh! ond or third class, will, upon stibmit-
herself after a long drive iu thc wind king to. the department his certiiicate
and dust, or wet and cold, ft should jot honorable discharge, be granted a
have facilities where she can  make, a; permanent  certificate    ot    thc    same
rrii      p ��   1       n       ii m- 'cup of tea or coffee, and some, books] class.
llie i'UiUreOl tlie   Small lOWfljor  magazines  to  read.     b'aruu-rs  and |     No registration fee will_.be charged
 , | their   families   should    bc    welcomed   iu any case, and  those who  have, al-
Much  is  said and    wiiltcn      these 'anu encouraged lo take an active part   ready  paid  lhc  customary
days about the. small village or town)'"  tllc soc';i1  lifc ot' lhe  town.    In  a   have  the same  remitted.
and  its 'future.""   'In  particular,  attcn-  wortl- l,lc  f^'uers and their families
should bc made to feel that they arc
welcome for themselves aud quite
apart  from   the  money  thcy  have   to
fc
will
tion is being devoted  to present and
future prospects of the town and vil
lage retail merchant iu lhe face of the
Accepted Canadian
Amendment
spend.
increasing competition afforded by
the largc retail houses'" in big cities. The community aspect of the prob-
Alany of these local merchants take lem"of the small lown is easily the
si gloomy view, and arc somewhat in-'.most important aspect.      Were    tltc
_'        <���
clincd. to blame the farmers for lack
of loyally to those who, thcy claim,
havc extended credit and carried thcm
over bad years, who buy tlicir butter
and eggs, and are ever ready to render them small services, whereas the
city houses insist on cash in advance
aud render no local service to thcin
whatever.
The. future ot the small town or
?,'illagc is inseparable from the prosperity of their retail merchants. If
the retail merchant goes, it will not
bc long before the doctor, lawyer,
banker, newspaper, hotclinan, and
others follow suit, and'with the passing of the "local" centre the farmer
would quickly discover lie.had sustained a loss, the value of which he
had not fully appreciated until too
late.   ' " '.���������"���
Like evcry other matter, there, arc
two sides.' to this question, and it is
in the interests of all that both sides
should hc studied. The local town
and.the local merchant have certain
responsibilities towards thc farmers
of their district, and thc farmers havc
a ccrlaiu duty towards these towns.
Aii effort should bc made to determine what these duties are and to
discharge thcm.
First of all, the. town    should    be
made a  rcal community centre    and
thc necessary facilities    provided    to
make il an attractive meeting    place
for thc  farmers of  thc    surrounding
district ancl their wives aud families.
Too  frequently,  it  is "to be    feared,
farmers are rather given the impression that all the town    cares    about
them is  thc money    they    have    to
spend.    On the other hand, the farmer  is  apt to compare    thc     lower
prices quoted by thc city houses with
the local  merchant's  prices    without
giving heed to anything else.
' When the farmer buys from a city
-house hc is compelled to pay cash in
advance, nor has he  thc privilege of
-first inspecting-the goods- he-purchases.   When he buys from the local
town  merchant    he    thoroughly    examines thc goods in advance of purchase, and frequently buys ou credit,
and,would even resent being    asked
to pay cash.   Vet it is a well known
fact   that goods  cannot  bc   sold    as
cheaply on credit as for cash.
"Tlic local merchant is immediately
at'hand for evcry small purchase and
in all'emergencies: tlic city house is
far away.    Tiie  average  farmer,  expects, and   receives, ' accommodation
from  thc local   merchant'   when    he
needs  it, and relies  on him  to  lake
certain of his produce iu exchange for
goods, but he would never think   of
asking thc cily house' for similar accommodation and ���   assistance,'    and
would not get it if hc did ask for it.
This situation h:i�� e<ci>tcd tor years,
yet  the farmer  is educated  tn    cash
payment��� to.the city-houses."   Why,
city houses called upon to support
every public enterprise in all the
towns in which they sell goods as all
the' retailers do, and arc expected to
do, a considerable hole would bc
made 'in' their profits, and their increased overhead expenses would result iii increased selling prices. What
thc local merchant doei for his community in these days should not be
overlooked.
Th
Representatives Urged    Their  Views
With Vigor Before Commission
Pans. ��� The new draft of the covenant is generally regarded as a great
i improvement   upon   that  which     was
iirst   presented.      It  is  believed   that
the      Canadian      delegates      pressed
strongly    for     certain     amendments,
some of which arc embodied in    the
new draft, while others were not accepted. The Canadian representatives
urged their views with vigor both before the commission and al meetings
of the British  delegation.    Their be
lief, however, is  Lhat  thc  one    great
more the city house''is patron- j advantage to accrue from  the consti-
Profcssors in Favor of Adding Aero-
planing to Curriculum
London, Ont. ��� Aeroplanes may
become a part of the paraphernalia of
universities in the near future. London's university, Western, has been
given an aeroplane which will be kept
at thc university, and now word has
been received that the British war
mission in the United States has
shipped ,to lhe university a Le Rhone
9-cycle, 111) horsepower rotary engine. Thc university will doubtless be
proud to own.Ji, as it was the. power
plant of one of the famous T.riscoc-
Sopwith machines which enabled the.
allies to 'maintain the supremacy -of
the. air in 191(5 and 1917. Professors
of the university are. enthusiastically
in favor of adding acroplaniug to thc
curriculum of the college.
diseaseIcomes-
THRd'iGH THE BLOOD
>���.
To Cure Common Ailments the Blood
Must be Made Kich and Red
Nearly all the common diseases lhat
afrlici mankind arc caused by . bad
blood���weak, watery blood poisoned
! by impurities. -Bad blood is the cause
of headaches and backaches, lumbago
aud rheumatism, debility and indigestion, neuralgia, sciatica and other
nerve troubles, lt is bad blood that
causes disfiguring skin diseases like
eczema, and salt rheum, pimples and
eruptions. The severity of the trouble,
indicates how impure the blood is, and
it goes always from bad to worse unless steps are promptly taken to enrich and purify the. blood.    There    is
ized, thc more difficult it will be    tojtution  of  thc  league  is   that  it     will
build up a bright,- attractive,: prosperous local community; thc more thc
town merchants arc patronized, the
better service thcy will be , able to
render, the-greater variety and volume of stocks thcy can carry,-the
closer they can make their prices because the overhead charges of conducting thc store would be less in
proportion to the volume of business
done.
This is an age of co-operation, and
farmer and town merchant should
make it a practice to loyally co-operate the one with the other. lioth
have everything lo gain and nothing
to lose by such action.
Wheat For New Zealand
bring to thc world first hand discussions of world affairs. Through this
understanding goodwill and co-operation iu maintaining world peace will
naturallv follow.
Bolsheviki Flotilla Captured
Hclsingfors. ��� The newspapers report that Finnish volunteers captured
the town of Lotinanpolto, on the
White sea. Thc^tbwn is an important strategic point, being thr. junction of numerous roads and the railway between Tc-trograd and the Murmansk coast, which is now closed to
thc Bolshcviki. ft is assumed that
thc Bolsheviki torpedo boat flotilla at
Lotinanpolto was unable to escape
owing to thc ice.
War Munitions Stolen
Daring Raid at Collinstown Causes
Grave Apprehension
Dublin. ��� -The audacity of thc
raid for arms at Collinstown airdrome has aroused public opinion to
lhe gravity of th.e situation here.
None of the numerous events which
have occurred throughout the country in the last few months has
brought home with such force the
danger which threatens. This is
probably due to thc fact that the
raid took place within au hour's walk
of the city and also to the importance
of thc capture.
Seventy or eighty-rifles with, adequate ''ammunition in the. hands of
men of thc daring displayed by those
who entered the airdrome and gagged
the guards, cannot fail to make a
deep impression? Obviously these
men did not take thc risk for nothing, and it requires little imagination
to conjure up what thcy may do
with  the weapons.
The Irish Times points out lhal
the raid was an even more audacious
defiance of thc law than any of thc
premonitory' symptoms of the 1916
rcbelliouZ It is recalled that recently
men ��� wearing the King's uniform
havc been murdered, that quantities
of explosives -have been seized in various parts of thc "country, that many
raids for arms have taken place with
considerable success, and that in no
instance has anyone been made aincn-.
able. Those facts, to which havc now
Unless    Allied    Governments    First
Agree on United Proposal
Rome. ��� The Italian delegates to
thc peace, conference met under thc
chairmanship of Premier Oilando to
consider the situation. The meeting
came aflcr conferences thc premier
had had T\ith the king and 'United
States Ambassador Page,
The Giorn.de dTlalia says that in
political circles thc meeting- was
considcied to be vciy important. Although the Italian delegates maintain
strict reserve, it seems conclusive
that Ttaly will not make any further
move unless thc allied and associated
governments fust agree among themselves on a united proposal which-
likely would bc acceptable to this
country, haimonizlng with thc verdict
of the Italian people made through
parliament.
��������>.�����.��..................
..��..��. ���..,..��..,..��..��..���..��.������..���..���..
J. S. Fields World's Champion Wheat
Grower in 1917 Has Made
Shipment
Regina, Sask. ��� Registered .Marquis wheat grown in the .Regina district, wheat grown from thc seed
which won thc world's grand -championship in 1917 (dry farming section)
is ljciug shipped to Ncw Zealand,
where great interest has been manifested in pure registered seed hy tlic
farmers of thai courttry.
J. S. Fields, the world's champion |
wheat grower in 1917, has made thc
shipment which was .requested of thc
Canadian minister of agriculture at
Ottawa some time ago by Henry W.
l?eabody, of New York. The Canadian, minister of agriculture referred
thc request to L. II. Newman, secretary-treasurer of the Canadian Seed
Growers' association and he in turn
requested iir. Fields of Regina, to
fill thc shipment.
This shipment of' pure seed wheat
will do much to advertize 'the province, as the premier section of the
whole wheat-growing distiicts of the
wo.rld. . ,
-\[r. Fields has' been a successful
grower of wheat in-this province, for
some ycars and this-season has already seeded down 1.500 acres of registered grain, and before lie is through-; man flags.
I
wilh  seeding operations    will      have ( their  staff
2,SOO. acres.   I'ure seed wheat seldom
sells for less than ?2 a bushel and Ir
Mr.   Fields    eets~ an average  crop, it
will   mean    over    ?(5o/)()U
alone.
Corns cannot exist when I folio-
way's Corn Cure is applied to them,
because it goes to the root and kills
tltc growth.
The Best Method
It is difficult to conceive how any
nation could improve upon the Australian sjstem of dealing with the
Bolshcviki, as outlined in a recent
dispatch from 'Melbourne. Under thc
Australian system, which is simplicity
itself, undesirables arc not permitted
to land in the country. This obviates
the necessity of later getting rid of
them.���Boston Monitor.
thc
ex-
A'n Oil That Is Prized Everywhere.
--Dr. Thomas' Fclcctric Oil _was_p_i.it.
upon the market wilhoul any flourish
over thirty ycars ago. It was put up
to meet the wants of a small section,
but as soon as its -merits became
known it had a whole continent for a
field, and it is now known and prized
throughout this hemisphere. There is
nothing equal to it.
no use trying a different medicine for i>cca a(|jcj lllc daring exploit at Col-
each     disease,    for    they    al    come   ,-    .
through thc one trouble-bad blood. I"'Stowt., arc ominous m
To cure, any of these troubles you trcuu''
must get right down to the root of
the trouble iu thc blood. That is jusl
what Dr. Williams' 1'ink I'ills do.
Thcy make new, rich, red blood." They
simply purify and enrich tho blood,
and the disease disappears. That i.s
why Dr. Williams' {'ink I'ills have
cured thousands of cases after other
medicines had failed. Here is proof
of the power of Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills to cure. Mrs. il. Stills, who resides near thc town of Napanee says:
"[ cannot praise Dr..Williams' Pink
Pills loo highly. I was .very much
run down iu health, suffered from frequent spells of indigestion, biliousness, and sick headache. Iliad au almost constant pain iu my head and
my housework was a course of dread.
In  fact I  fel���t so  miserable that    lifc
held but little enjoyment,    I was ad-	
vised to try Dr. Williams'  Pink  Pills, ,.,���",
which I did. and thc result was sim- _ Italy Gets Loan from U.S.
ply marvellous, and ran'best be sum-      Washington. ��� Italy was given    a
med up by saying thai tlicy made  mc  Ilc���- ]o:m 0{ $50,000,000 bv the  trea:.-
c?nJ,ft,M. V-V'01^"1' n<l f!,"y rC" ��"��� ^ cover a number of" ohligaficms
stored my health. I would "iclvisc cv->.   - , .      ,     ,   ,.
cry woman and girl who has poor j incurred byjhe Italjan government on
blood, or is run down in health to j contracts for war materials aud food ���
give these  wonderful pills a trial.     11 stuffs  from United  Stales  producers.
am never without'them in the house." . TI    .,...���,i;. ���,.,,,���,.:n��� k,.,-,,,,,!,, n-.N-V
i, ,i,    j-    .            .,   ,   , j     I.     i    ���     me ii edit-extension oioiigiii tiny s
At the first sign thai lhc blood    is          ,  ,            .         .             ," ,.  .     ,
out of order take Dr.  Williams'  Pinkl1?'511  borrowings  trom     the United
Pills, and  note  lhe  speedy improve-{States to $1,501,500,000.
mcnt    thev    make    iu  thc    appetite, j  .	
!!mltl!t.a^,il,.S|P;ritS-    Y��v ���"aU ?ct.t,iese      Things have-reached the point "now
pills throubh any medicine dealer, or,L , , -      .
by mail at 50 cents a box or six boxes*"'"01'0 anyone, has to earn  twice    as
Troops Leave Fiume
Geneva.���The battalion . of Britisii
troops which occupied Fiume "with
the Italians aftcr the- armistice,' left
Fiume when the Italian delegates to
the Peace conference left Paris, according to advices from Agram, capital of Croatia and Slavonia.    ��
The reason for. this action by thc
British is reported.to bq a desire lo
avoid friction with the Italian troops.
Thc despatch adds that the Italians
arc reinforcing their troops iu ccatial
fstiia.
for $2.50, from the Dr. Williams' Medicine    Co.,  Brockviile, Ont,
Bombardment Causes Fire
much as he is worth in order to get
half enough to live on.���Kingston.
Hoist German Flag-
Colors Raised by Civilians in Defiance
of Allies
Cobleti/, ��� Lnthuscd by prospects
of peace and newspaper reports .that
the. German peace delegates had passed Cologne eu ,route    to   Versailles,
live   (Cnblcuz   civilians  hoisted      Gcr-
' i
'Klie colors  fluttered, frcilh ;
only a short while, ;.U '
having been taken down by the mili-;
tary police. Lxecplitm in mie. rase, al- >
Only One "BROMO OUININK"
To (ret the comiine, call for full name  1.A.X-
Tr      ,     , _ , .     ��� .TIVK  BROMO  QUIN'IN'K  Tablets,     l-oofc
Hundreds of Houses Burned m Town  for denature of E.   U'." GROVE.    Ones a
of-Narva
Copenhagen. ��� A dispatch from
Rcval,' Russt.i, says that there has
been a big fire in thc town of Narva,
81 miles southwest of Pctrograd. Thc
conflagration was started by a" bombardment of thc town by the Bolsheviki. Hundreds of houses wcrc burtw
ed, and 5,000 persons are homeless.
Narva which lies near thc gulf of
Finland on -the Narova river, has a
population of sonic, 20,000. . There
are numerous textiles works in the
totvu, and there is a considerable
trade'in fish. Tllc principle buildings arc the cathedral, lhc old castle
and the town liall.
Co!��l "in"One "Day."" ~)QfX
"Pa,- where are those dark looking
clouds going to?" "To thunder, my
son!"���Cartoons Magazine." -
Ask for .Minard's and take no other
"Is" Charlie Sapp going to marry
Miss Brisk?" "He is if hc doesn't lord;
out."���Boston' Transcript.
Danyig Free Port Now ;
Pari'-. -_- Final decision on the. dis-1
position  of  Danzig, makes ^iat. port!
Sickly Women
Given Strength,
Vigor, Spirits
It Works! Try It
Tells   how   to   loooen   a   aore,
tender corn  ao  It lifts
| out without pain,
f
^>.��..t>����"��"ft��|.*��..����|..l(.��Wt<>t ��"iltft��N|Mt..t..t��.����.��..8��   I
Good news spreads rapidly and
druggists here are kept busy dispensing frcezone, thc ether discovery of
a -Cincinnati man, which is said to
loosen any com so it lifts out with
the fingers.
Ask at any pharmacy for a quarter
ounce of frcezone, which will cost
very little, but is said to bc sufficient
to rid one's feet of every hard or soft
corn or callus.
You apply just a few drops on the
lender, aching corn and instantly the
soreness is relieved, and soon the'corn
is so shriveled that it lifts out without pain. It is a sticky substance
which dries when applied ancl never
inflames or evc:i irritates thc adjoining tissue.
This discovery will prevent thousands of deaths annually from lockjaw
and infection heretofore resulting
from the suicidal habit of cutting
corns.
ilillllllllp
������a
PURITY
Allies are Favored Nations
Paiis.���Thc icport of the economic
commission of the peace conference,
thc Echo de Paris says, contains
clauses for insertion in thc peace
treaty that Germany-shall give the allies and associated nations the treatment of most favored nations without any reciprocity.
GIRLS!  LEMON JUICE
IS A SKIN WHITENER
How to make a creamy beauty lotion
-  for a few cents.
Thc juice of two fresh lemons
strained into a bottle containing three
ounces of orchard white makes a
whole quarter pint of thc most remarkable lemon skin beautifier at
about the cost one must pay for a
small jar of the ordinary cold creams.
Care should be taken to strain the
lemon juice through a fine cloth so no
lemon pulp gets in, then this" lotion
will keep fresh for months. Kvcry
woman knows that lemon juice is
used to bleach and remove such blemishes as freckles, sallowness and tan
and is thc ideal skin softener,
whitcner and beautifier.
Just try it! Get thicc ounces of
orchard-white at any drug store and
two lemons from the grocer and
make'up a quarter pint of this sweetly fragrant lemon lotion and, massage it daily into the face, neck, arms
and hands,
Are Averse to
Patrolling: Atlantic
London. ��� British naval circles do
not favor patrolling thc Atlantic in
connection with the trans-Atlantic
flight .owing to the low visibility of
the "aircraft at "sea", and the-possibility
of their deviating from their course
by drifting. It is regarded as much
more practicable to hold vessels in
Irish and other harbors in readiness
for eventualities, especially as merchantmen will be iu close proximity
to the proposed aircraft route.
Keep Minard's Liniment in the house
You can always borrow trouble
without security, but the interest is
exorbitant.
APPEARS ON
CLARK'S
PORK
AND
BEANS
W. C1.AKK, LIMITKD
' MONTREAL
,ll!lililll\l!lllltl!\ll]ll\ll!l!lllllllilillll|)lltlltlll!-
Greeks Are Indignant
Italians Agitating for Italian Protec- -
torate Over Albania
Saloniki. ��� Thc Italian government
has closed all the Greek schools    in
Argyrocastro, in north Epyros    and   ~
has sent 100 Italian school   teachers
there, according to   information   received by the Hclias, a Greek newspaper. ' The Italians are also declared '
to bc stirring up religious hatred by
playing off the moslcms against .^the-
Christians.    The "Italians  arc  agitat-  (
ing for an Italian protectorate    over
Albania. .
Except fof a few   Albanians    and
moslcms, the majority of tlie "population of northern Epyros, thc    paper
adds, are indignant over thc, attitude ,
of the Italians and demand that the'
Italian troops in thai region bc with-   .
draton.
XI
Firing at Aeroplanes Foibidden
Berne. ���. Aeroplanes of the 'Hoffman government forces flying over
Munich, have been fired on repeatedly
by the communists-with the result
that thirteen civilians havc been killed
and 100 wounded. ^
The communist government, the
Vossische Zcitung of:Bci3ira says, in
consequence has forbidden any more
firing at the airplanes. This measure
is said to have been taken, however,
with a view to saving ammunition.
Knowledge and timber should be
well seasoned before being put to
use.
Java"lias spiders that make webf
so strong it requires a ktiifc to sever
tltem, - . - -
Drives Asthma Like Magic. The
immediate help from Dr. J. D. Kcl-
logg's Asthma'Remedy seems like
magic. Nevertheless it is only a natural remedy used-in-a"natural "way."
The smoke or vapor, reaching the
most remote passage of the affected
tubes, brushes aside the trouble and
opens a way for fresh air to enter. It
is sold by dealers throughout the
land. -    " -
The British Columbia Electric Railway company has put $50,000 at .-he
disposal of its employees to help
thcm build or acquire homes.
In this world of strife a man must
be cither an anvil, or a hammer.
....     Many- ot   the .woes o.f womanhood,
| a   irev.  city  under  the   league  of  na-!.,,.,, tltu;-to kulney weakness., .��� .
uiObt  as  soon  as   th'ej   r.ppiared.     A
for'wheat,, crowd of J00 <i)hlierh i>n"U'a\i: af.scui-! t: .��� .      'n,���   r.;,,.  ���    ������  ,,    T   ���,���-������ i  -;      ..  ,-    * lt      r    i        i
; * ,     -   - lion,-*,     llic city is  granted its  inde-     --At lirst lhc back aeh��:?. -       -   .
,     .      | bled in, the    street  m-.ir a d..�� utown !,���.,.,.<.���,.,: ,llul conip]ctc a,ltonoiiiv Mni'-   Then  pains gather, a round the  hips
______ j biulihng where a large; German   flag   klc:ll  .lff:i!'rq; ' Vl,hX,���i  ail.i   i:,^,;,,-' an.il- lodge' rkrht. in- the' 'small v,[   the
was   flying,    but a military policeman
relieved    thc    situation    bv     hauling
t��?Um'^-��*" .
p satisfying
-tha-t tKe change is
easy wkea one finds that
tea or coffee disagrees.
Instant Postum
is a rich,tasty beverage,
absolutely free from caffeine .
?No Waste,
Less Sugar.
NoJBoilL
rtxir<
down  thc flag himself.
local  affairs.''      .Poland  and   Germany ,,, ���.,.���,
arc given freedom'of passage, across \M-Xo st6op or" bend'seems "impossible.
the  Polish corridor to the ,-eitv;
Hcttcr three  hours-too  s'ooii;  than
one minute too late.���Shakespeare./5'
. Headaches .are constant.
Unhappy existence.      No .pleasure
in. lifcZwhcn  the  body is  overloaded
(with poisons    that;   the sick- kidneys
J can't filter "out.-
''Uright's. disease   'is" thr next stage.
Big Contracts For Ships
-Montreal.���An  important     contract!
for  thc purchase of    steam  trawlers  "T3i���-l-   W-,��.-v."     tu- - r>-  ���;��� n,    ,   ,       .���-���,.:- .,,.....-   ~ ���
, ,       , ...       , ,     t. ��� - i '���   Black-   Watch      The. Best...Black-jhut'ir can be. prevented bv-.usmg Dr.
and wooden drifters trom the Br.tish j PJug Chewing Tobacco.'on the Market -11amihou's   bills    of   Mandrake and
( Government has  been  closed by   the.; -     '. -    y\     '-.;.���.-  ... [Butternut.-..   They    cure, sick-kidneys
I Anderson Company of Canada, whose j      Bolsheviki Evacuate-Pctrograd
! offices are hjcrc.    The    contract   ,in-!     Helsinm'ors. ���-.pctrograd   is  being
volvcs an amount of,about ^lO.QOO.OOO I evacuated by the'-Bolsheviki, "report's
x^mc
'XF**,
.XX PAINT
' i-VARMSfltS
Aftna* t>&r -_       i
���nwfc'
< aiid -iv.irc ��� tlu.m  permanently
'���-.Wlien-  the -'kidneys worlrproperly
IJnre'liloo<l-is  formed.'-.    'X-X X'
This ' means'       notirishm.cnt!."..  and
, .... . .-.-.      means
an<l  provides  for the disposal- of    fOjiroiii a reliable source say.    -Many of-! strength. .Tor. .thcwholc body
.^tcani (steel) trawler;, and 89 wooden
drifters, built in Canada: for thc British ministry of shipping and now at
Halifax.
May Manufacture Farm Machinery
Winnipeg, Man, ��� Delegates to the
annual provincial convention of the
Great War Veterans' association at
Moose Jaw will bc asked to consider
a proposal to form a company for
the manufacture of farm machinery
in ihe west, capitalized at $3,000,000,
one-third of the stock to be owned
by farmers and two-thirds by returned soldiers, j,
the -inhabitants, arc  being  sent away i
and   the   Bolshcviki -government- ���   is
taking rigorous  measure's  to prevent
thc news of the happenings at OTon-
etz from reaching the people.
London, ~ Along the Murmansk'
railway the'Bolsheviki 'troops, under
allied pressure, havc withdrawn, t.6
nevr positions thirty niiles . west of
Pctro7.iyo,dsk, on the., western bank
of Lake Onrg.t.    "-  '        ������ ,.    ���
Work while it is called today, for
you " know not how much, yoa may
bc hindered tomorrow.' One. today is
worth,two tomorrows.'.,   -  -..,-
: Bac';-a<-:lu-<."_,.ml dragging, pains arc
forgotten.- Irregularities" disappear,
vital energy ..is restored, and happy,
robust health is once more 'established.  "    ',''..    ."!  ���'-  .- ���'',      '"
' D.r. ; Hariiilt on's'..'. Pills '������ for women's
ills is'the slogan of>. thousands " today., - .     -  ..   y;. .;'-' yyX "���' .' ���"''-.
Enormous benefit. in ' -many '. ways
follow "their use, "and no woman or
girl can use medicine that, will"do
their general health more good-.
For, the sake of your kidncj-s, for
the sake Z of your "liver, . for the advancement of your general "well-being; you can't improve on Dr. Hamilton's Pills, 25c per box.. -���'���-.-
4
yy,   n.   y,   12^2
FARMERS   ���
You'll find just what you want for Spring painting ia
HARTSK-SEHOUR
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Your needs have been foreseen. Dealers in your
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Wa^en    Paint--Kee$     tk��
macbir.ei, xafoai aad tooti
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3
Address all inquiries to '
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Winnipeg   ' or Vancouver * r->AV^^x^r^/>H- &���* ^'v
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WrS^
3
THK     LETXHE,     GREENWOOD,     B.   ��� C.
Guilty Turks Are
Tried for Massacres
iDouthobors Would Sell Lands i    DISORDERS IN PARIS
��� �� ! 	
Willing to Sell All or Part of Hold-! Demonstrations Aimed    at    Govern-
Says Poles Plan
o-
Constantinoplc. ��� Thc trial of the
Unioi<.Mt leaders has begun after
much delay. Fcthi Bey, ex-minister
of thc interior, has been released
again?t caution, as well as nineteen
others -whose guilt has not been
proven,
The examination of Said Halim
Pasha, thc cx-giand vizier, will bc
particularly interesting from an international point of view, as in his evidence before thc examining commit
tec ho���has made statements of the
highest political importance. From
these, it would appear that negotiations for an offensive and defensive
.alliance between Turkey, Germany
and Austria wcic begun here in Constantinople on July 10 (Ncw Style)
1914, and were consummated in a
treaty signed at his konak on . (lie
.Bosphorous on August 1 by himself,'
as representing Turkey, Baron von
Wangcnhcim ^ for Germany, and
Count Pallavicini for\Austria. In this
treaty thc participation of England in
thc -war was excluded and Turkey
was guaianlccd by our allies "against
attach by any other two powers. A
second treaty was signed "on August
10, aftcr the entry of England into
thc war, by thc same three governments. A third treaty, which 'the
Marquis Pallavicini did not sign, between Germany and Turkey, dealt
with thc division of the spoils and
.was signed for Turkey by Envcr and
Halil, president of thc _, chamber, in
thc middle of November.
Every day "the number of arrested
persons is increased, especially by
prisoners from the interior. A'mong
thc latest arc-nintntfio wcrc responsible for the massacres"'of Angora,
Ani, and Mosul, the most notable being Nevzad Bey, military commander
of Mosul, lt will be impossible to
judge all thc prisoners at once���their
number is now well over 300���but
thcy will bc tried "in batches" of ten
to fifteen, according to the" charges
against them.
It is noteworthy that the newspaper Tasfii-i-Efkiar has started s
-public fund for thc maintenance^, of
thc family of Kemal Bey, thc ex-
Kaikaham of'Yozgad, who was condemned to death for ordering Armenian massacres there and Avas hanged
��� several evenings since ..n the Bayazid
Square. It seems almost absuid that
tbe only persons punished should bc
two organizers, Kcmal "and Tcwfik,
chief of the gendarmerie, who "was
sentcijGe<l to. fifteen years' imprisonment in a foi tress. "Thc trial of these
prisoners has -, taken nearly three
months. Thcy showed-absolutely no
repentance or-sorrow for having been
_thc cause of the death of 40,000 Armenians. Meanwhile thc actual murderers,, chiefs of bands, gendarmes,
and others, remain unpunished. Examples should also bc drawn' from
among thcm.
Press Censorship Over
Ottawa. ��� Press ccnsoiship under
thc direction of the press censor has
ceased. Thc provisions of the war
measures act and thc orders in council and regulations made thereunder
will still remain in effect, but responsibility for seeing that they arc complied with will rest- upon publishers,
importers, distributors and persons
having objectionable matter in their
possession. All -publications which
havc been placed under the censorship ban will continue lo be forbidden circulation in Canada.
Italians 'Advancing Eastward
Copenhagen. ��� Italian troops and
war material arc being landed at Sc-
binico and Seara, on the eastern coast
of the 'Adriatic, according to advices
front Spalato. Thc troops arc advancing eastward aud the Italians arc
bringing up ienforcements to thc
demarcation line.
The German Fleet
Paris. ��� The naval terms to bc
embodied in the peace treaty with
Germany, which finally have been
'completed, do not provide for the
sinking of tho larger German warships. Thc disposition of these vessels is left lo be decided upon later
by thc-allied and associated powers.
Aliens are Barred
Ottawa. ��� Dating from May 2, entry into Canada of Doukhobors, Hut-
tcrites and Mcnnonitcs is proliibitcd.
The western agitation has at last produced results and the order in council intimated previously has been passed.
Would Not Accept Bribes
Budapest. ��� Six hundred arrests havc been made by the
Soviet authorities, virtually cvery financier, publisher, editor,
writer, nianufactiuer, and cx-
niim.stcr of Hungaiy, who could
bc reached, being thrown ~ into
prison. More than thirty edi-
lots and newspaper owners, as
well as a larger number of re-
porteis havc been taken into
custody, it is alleged, because
thcy have-"refused to accept
bribes "to champion thc'*~S'oviet
cause. '
British Laborites
Support Wilson
Message Sent to Socialists o�� Italy
Asking Support
Home. ��� A message from thc British labor party to the Italian Intran-
sigeant Socialists urging them to uphold Picsidcnt Wilson's fourteen
points has been received.
Thirteen intransigeant Socialist
deputies, representing their group,
met in the chamber to discuss what
attitude should bc adopted regarding
thc situation- which has arisen
through President Wilson's message.
This atlil^tde was summarised in
the leply to the British labor party,
in whicli the Italian Socialists said:
"Thc Wilsonian ideals arc daily spoiled by capitalistic governments, which
including the English and United
States governments, vie in bringing
Wilsonism into the affairs of other
countiics, but who are imperialistic in
thc affairs of their own country."
The reply ends: "Wc "condemn thc
policy of-all capitalistic governments
and urge llie proletariat world to follow the principles proclaimed at
Zimmciwald."
German Financial Questions
Versailles. ��� At a meeting of thc
German and inter-allied finance commission, the-German delegates, numbering eight, arrived on foot, walking across the park under the escort
of a French captain. The inter-allied
delegates drove from Paris in automobiles.
Thc delegates embarked on a" prolonged discussion, apparently a continuation of the negotiations-at the
Chateau Plcssis Vilettc at Scnlis,
near Compiegnc. The German delegation, included -Bankers Warburg,
Mclchoir and Strauss. ���
To Deport Germans
Melbourne. ��� The commonwealth
of Australia plans to deport interned
Germans, beginning late in May, Thc
internees, for thc most part Germans
previously resident in Australia,
crews of captured ships and prisoners
transferred to the commonwealth
from the. east, will have the right of
appearing before special magistrates
and showing why they do not wish
to be returned to Germany."
To Enforce Five Day Week
Seattle. ��� Official announcement
that a five day week would bc enforced commencing May 3 was made
by -jlic buiIding_trade,s_counciI)_rcp-
rescnting approximately 6,000 workers. No work 'will be done on Saturday and Sunday, Tlic short w'eck
also will be put into effect in Tacoma and other northwest cities soon,
it was said.
Russians Grow Bold
London. ���Thc Russian Soviet government has sent an ultimatum to
Rumania, demanding the evacuation
of Bass.irabia.
A wireless dispatch from Moscow
says that thc Rumanian government
is given 48 hours in which to make
its 'reply.
Editor Ordered Out
Bombay. ��� Thc governor of Bombay, with thc sanction of thc viceroy,
has ordered that Hornima'n, editor of
thc Bombay Chronicle, who was associated with Gandhi in thc passive
resistance movement, k.ivc India for
England immediately.
mgs as Desired by Soldiers
f'l-.md Forks, UC ���Tint diieetois
of thc Christian coimniiniu oi Doukhobors, in cotifcicnec with li i; Patterson, gowiiinieiit representative at
Brilliant, B.C., agiced to sell all their
land holdings in Canada and tliat a
price basis was also 'agreed to, is the
statement of Doukhobor rcpicsenla-
tives from the Giand Poiks colony
to the meeting. Thc Doukhobois
were represented by five directors,
Nicholas Zeeboroff and Nicholas, llo-
tnikoff, of Grand Forks; John Shcr-
binin and M.'M. Koftinofl, of Biil-
liant, and L. AV. Verigin, of Saskatchewan.
It is "stated that a three-fold pio-
position was entered into, either to
sell all Doukhobor holdings-in Canada, or their British Columbia holdings or only sonic 5,000 acres tributary to Grand Foiks, whicli tiact
the soldiers are anxious to settle on.
Thc price basis suggested for_ acquisition on the Grand Forks holdings was satisfactory to thc Doukhobor representatives, it is stated
Knighthood Will Be No More
Hereditary Titles  in   the   Dominibn
Will Also Be Dealt With
Ottawa. ��� Thc discontinuance of
the conferring of knighthoods on Canadians residing in Canada wa's decided upon by the special committee of
the commons dealing with titles at a
recent sitting. Thc matter of other
distinctions will bc considered at an-"
other meeting to bc held this week.
The committee also'- concurred in
the recommendation decided upon
favoring thc abolition of hercdilaiy
titles. A proposed amendment . by
Dr. Cowan, of Regina, favoring thc
establishment of an academy of merit
was held over for discussion at thc
next meeting of the committee.
A. R. McMastcr made the motion
in favor of the discontinuance of
titles. - '   .
W. F. Cockshutt -in amendment,
moved that the committee should find
that while it did not favor thc immediate discontinuance of titles, more
discretion should bc exercised in thc
granting of such honors by his majesty and his advisors in thc future.
.The amendment was_ rejected on a
vote of 20 to 3, and the McMastei
motion declared carried.
-Those who favored the amendment
wcrc Sir Herbert Ames, Dr. Michael
Clark and the mover of the amendment.
The action of the committee applies only to knighthoods, both military and civilian. It means thai if
thc recommendation is acted* upon
there will bc no additional knighthoods" granted for war service,   "
Treaty Presented at Second Session
Versailles. ��� The first session of
thc peace congress will bc held in thc
room now used by the supreme war
council ami will be devoted to a presentation of credentials. The text of
the jpcace treaty will bc pic&cntcd
thc Germans at the second session in
the dining room of the Hotel Tranon.
This is a_ superb apartment, seventy-
five feet square and having windows
almost entirely around three sides,
making it virtually a loom enclosed
in glass.
Thc delegates will proceed to the
conference chamber through'a marble
corridor, lined 'Villi minors on one
side and opening on the park fiom
thc other.
Rev. Ben Spence Fined
Z Toronto. >^_ Rev. Bcn_Spence, secretary of thc Dominion Alliance, Ontario branch, was convicted by Magistrate Kingsfoid itr thc police court
on charges of publishing banned literature, "Thc Parasite," and fined
$500, or four months"at thc jail farm.
W. E. Raney, K.C., counsel for tho
defense, at once intimated his intention of making an appeal and tho
magistrate allowed Mr. Spcncc a
week to collect the niomj. if he de-
tided to pay thc fine.
Belgians Ask Financial Aid
Paris. ��� The Belgians havc asked
thc council of three for a first advance of two billion francs on their
share of German indemnity, accoid-
ing to French circles, ;nid it appeals
that tlicy havc received definite and
satisfactory assurances.
It is reported tliat there may bc a
public plenary session of tlie conference to discuss thc responsibility articles of thc treaty.
The shower that spoils a woman's
Easter hat is a rain of tcrror.
'"Black  Watch"    The   Best   Black
Plug Chewing Tobacco on the Market
Opinions Differ Over
iao-Chau Awan
Paris.���A great difference of opin-i
ion prevails in conference circles as
to tbe effect the compromise in the
Kiao-Chau controversy will havc in
the far eastern affairs. The Japanese
delegates are pleased over the transfer of German rights and property to
them and say the agreement virtually
carries into effect the provisions of
the Cfaino-Japaticse treaty of May
25/1915.
The Chinese withhold any    statement, pending thc issuance of thc ac-
. ..Want Wilson Back
St. Louis. ��� Thc chamber of commerce of the United States, representing lfalf a million business men,
unanimously adopted a resolution urging the imnicdi.srtc return to this
country of President  Wilson and atv
ment in May Day Celebration
Paiis ��� Serious diaOidcis occurred in Paris on the occasion of the
celebration ol May Day. Trench
blood flowed iu the. sheets of Paris
and weapons that so lately had been
used against the foo wcic turned
against friends,  brolhcis  and sisters
Paiticular. efforts wcrc made by the
mobs to invade thc Place de la Concorde and I each the chamber of deputies and the wai ministry, where
demonstrations had been planned. It
was in these attempts that thc casualties occurred. "Long live tlic Poilu!"
the crowd shouted al the Madeline
and in the Place dc la Concoide as
they surged toward the soldiers, and
with pale, diawn faces, thc infantry
withdrew' and allowed the mob to
reach thc Place dc la Concorde
against a wall of policemen and de-
lei mined cavalry.
Advance on "Germany
Impossible for Government to Guar-'
-arntee That Armistice Will
Be Maintained
Bcilin. ��� Mathias Eizberger, chief
of the German armistice delegation,
in a note to Maishal Foch, made public in Berlin, says that Geimany has
reliable information that the Poles
aie planning in thc next few days, an
jadvance with largcs foi ccs against
German territory in Poscn and upper
Sili^ia He adds that, therefoic, it is
impossible for the German government lo guarantee that the armistice
between Geimany and Poland will be
maintained if thc Poles attack Germans there. ���        "   *      '
After   such   an attack, the 'Gcriiun
government could not pennit the further passage  through Germany -from
France" of-thc Polish  troops" of Gcn~��
Haller?"^       -**        ���
Permanent Home
For Peace League
Sites Have'Been offered by Families
of Geneva
' Geneva. ��� Thc first meeting of thc
league of nations in Geneva, the capital of the league, will bc held in the
famous Alhambra Hall of the city
hall. Thc local authorities havc
been notified that a site one and one-
half miles square on the lake shore
will be required for the permanent
home of the league, and several such
sites havc been offered by old families of Geneva.
The most powerful wireless slalioi;
iiWhc woild will be constuictcd here,
and also a huge airdiomc for diplomatic aii planes, all of which will bc
extra territorial. Thc local authorities
arc giving every assistance.
Will Not Wait_for Italians
Conference Has.Qecided to Go Ahead
With Treaty
Paris. ��� ll is planned in peace conference circl.es to go ahead with llie
treaty of peace without 1 egard to any
action by Italy, as it is considered
probable the-'Italian delegation will
not icturn, certainly not within thc
week. The delivery of the treaty and
the first exchanges with the Germans, therefore,- will occur* without
the participation of Italy, and it is
said that this procedure will go forward steadily up till the signing of
thc treay. When thc first reading
wit hthc Germans occui s the pact will
bc presented.
A day or two will be given foi
questions concerning interpretations
of different phases of thc convention,
without, " however, involving a prolonged discussion. The French view
,is that thc German may ask for
two weeks' delay to permit them to
return to Weimar, with an additional
Week for discussion of thc points
presented aftcr their return from thc
temporary German capital. This is a
matter of conjecture, however, as
there is no piccisc information as to
Germany's intentions.
Reports from Beilin are somewhat
contradictory concerning- Germany's
puipoics, as sonic repot ts indicate
that an early signing of thc treaty
is probable, while others say that it
is doubtful whether thc pact will bc
signed al all. These reports, coming
fiom different sources, indicate a lack
of concerted altitude as to thc treaty
and show there is disposition to
leave the decision laigcly with thc
German plenipotentiaries who are
now at Vei sailles. _
Riots in Spain
Madrid. ��� Ten persons wcic killed, 16 seriously injured and a largc
number slightly wounded in disordcis
arising fiom demonstrations of protest against the high cost of living in
the province of Tarancon.
There were several clashes between
gendarmes and civilians on thc previous day and in thc evening thc governor decided to i educe thc cost of
food 25 pcr cent.   The following day,
Japan Wins Out
Transfer of Shantung   Peninsula   To
. Japan Without Reserve
Is Likely
Paris. ��� Thc agreement rcgaiding
thc Shantung peninsula and Kiao-
Chau, which has been reached between lhc council of thicc and thc
Japanese delegates, provides for their
transfer without rcseive to Japan,
which voluntarily engages to hand
thc Shantung peninsula back to
China? "
"The Kiao-Chau .settlement is a
clear victory for Japan," says tlic
Reuter correspondent. "The council
of three, aftcr hearing both Chinese
and Japanese delegates, arrived at
the conclusion that the Japanese demands must-be satisfied. "Japan receives "free disposition of Kiao-Chau
in accordance with her treaty "with
China in 1915.",    '  ~
lt will bc left to the Chinese and
Japanese governments to agicc upon
thc details of thc canying out of the
Ucaly of 1915 and the ragiecments
made in 1918'.
Belgium Protesting
Terms of Peace
Mi
v-. v^j^ni
~*&\Jr
3S��
Premier Given Free Hand
Paris. ��� The French press, in
commenting on the spcccli of
Premier Orlando before thc
Italian parliament, finds a spirit
of conciliation marking thc address. As a result the newspapers express the conviction
that a resumption of thc conferences over the Italian question will be' possible and that
ground for a satisfactory understanding may bc found." Italy,
it_is pointed out, obviously intends to give Premier Orlando
a free hand.in dealing with her
. interests.
/
Albanian Revolt is Spreading
Rebels Have Force-of Four Thousand
Men
Saloniki. ��� Thc revolt in Albania
against the Italian troops of occupation is spieading wider and wider,
according to advices to thc Greek
newspaper Hellas. Thc commander
ofjlic rebels is said-to have a force
of 4,000 men.   rt *-
Several hundred Albanians, it is"
added, havc sent a message to the
peace confciciicc denouncing Italian
acts in Albania and affirming confidence in 'Essad Pasha.
Athens. ��� A pioclainaliou has been
issued in the Dodccancuis Islands by
which it is dcclaicd that thc islands
havc become united with Greece. Italy
has laid claim to these islands, basing
her sovereignty upon rights secured
following thc Tuico-Itr.lian war in
1911 and 1912. . *,
Few Unemployed
In Old Country
Large Numbers Have Been Absorbed by Peace Industries
Loudon. ��� In defending the government's policy of donation to thc
unemployed, Sir Robert Stevenson
Home, the minister of labor, in the'
house of commons said it was unnecessary to take a gloomy view of
thc unemployment question. 'Since
thc armistice, hc said, four" million
persons-Iiavc-been "detliTobiiized from
thc army and naval forces and from
civilian employment and one million
lcniain unemployed. Eighty pcr
ccnt. of the demobilized soldiers, fifty
pcr aent. of the civilian males and
fortj--fi\c per cent, of thc civilian women, havc been absoibed -by the
peace industries.
This, thc minister added, was a ic-
markablc achic\ement when it wa<
remembered that the ccnttal empires
Japs Oppose Language Bill
Honolulu. ��� Thc foreign language
school bill stiongly opposed by Japanese, was tabled by thc senate of
thc territorial legislature.
The foreign language school bill
provides that to obtain cet tificates
teachers must show a knowledge of
thc English language, tT.S history
and U.S. cnics.
Japanese editors and educators declared passage of this bill would foicc
Japanese language schools to close.
Thc Japanese recently adopted resolutions declaring- further cffoils
would bc made for "Americanization"
and uiging thc bill not bc passed.
,    Oppose One Big  Union.
Calgary.   ���   Carpenter*,     plastei-
cis,   stcamfittcib    and    slice t    metal
woikcrs have dcclaicd themselves as
opposed to the One Big Union.
Paris ��� The Belgian delegation to
thc peace conference is expressing
dissatisfaction over the terms of the
preliminaries foi peace as they affect
Belgium. None of the territorial
claims of Belgium have been granted
execpt that for Maimed} in Rhenish
Prussia, a short distance south of Aix
la Chapclle, the population of whicvhZ
before was largely Wa'loon. Mal-
medy will icvcit to Belgium. Thc
territory on the letl bank of }he
Scheldt livcf ancl Maastricht and the
Limburg peninsula aie not mentioned in the  terms.
Of the $500,000 ah cadv, mentioned
as an immediate financial indemnity
for Belgium more than half., the
amount has merely been placed to
Belgium's credit in allied countries as
part repayment of war loans. Xo provision -has been made for tho recall
by Germany of thc six billion marks
which were-left in Belgium and now
arc lying in Belgian banki and vaults,
bearing no interest and unproductive,*
as the circulation of thc mark in Belgium is not pci milted. "Thc amount
of six billion maiks rcpicsenls virtually tho tota-1 Belgian liquid wealth
assets," said a member of the Belgian  delegation.
M. Dclacroi.x, Belgian premier, arrived in Paris, bringing j. message of
piotest fiom the Belgian senate. He
conferred with M. Ilymans of the
Belgian peace delegation, who is expected to appcai before thc council
of thicc to make representations concerning thc terms granted Belgium.
Recruiting for R.N.W.M.P.
Toronto. ��� Controller MacLean of
the  RX.W.MP,  stales  that  recruiting for thc  foicc will commence    in.
eastern  Canada at once.
A Complete Farm Home
-ft.��*
���;�����
This farm home is complete in
every detail. Il is designed to house
the family and tho hhed help under
the one roof, with scpaiatc conveniences fot cu.li. Attention may be
drawn particularly to the two bathrooms. That feature of this attractive home will ceitaiiily have its appeal. The dm shown on tin left of
the fiont entrance may very readily
be used to advantage as an office by
the present day IniMiic-s-like  f.irinc
Thc sitting room, with its open fireplace, and tho billiard room spell
rest and loci cation. Thc beauty of
tin.���exterior of-rhis"bungalow " style"
home desencs mention. The design
has been woikcd up in brick or brick
veneered c.\leiior walls. The deep,
long verandah, approached bv wide
steps is aho w orthy of note. Such
details as a wa��h loom, an amply
largc, lighted pantry, and a large
kitchen have been taken rare oi by
the arehiiei t
however,   the merchants wcrc selling ���d Ru,hla' wh*h b/ffc th?.war hadl
���...���.:,.: �� .,...   _,_, .....__    _-.._    ,^1 taken onc-fouith of tho Bnti_.li     ex-|
ports, wcrc still closed in trade, and!
that China. Japan and Xcw Zealand.'
provisions at the   old prices.   Crowd
pillaged Ihe stores .uul were chaiged
by gendarmes.
First Step Towards
Reds Defeated in Munich
Coponhagm. ��� The Soviet government iu Munich has been ovci-
thrown, according to reports in Beilin, sajs the loncpoudcnt 01 the
Beilingskc  Tidondo.
J'hc coricspor.dint adds that go\-
ernment troops, in accordance with
martial law, shot a number of mem-
which u.sod to take another quailci.i
wcrc -virtual!} eut off owing to the]
shipping diTictihie1-. I
Chinese Being Deported
Victoria   ��� The  lecord  for de
tation of Chinee from this poit i >
China has been beaten. Ou the steamer Canada Maru 36 Chinese were deported to lhcir native land after the}
bers of the Red guard, who had been !liut failcd to c,Ucr Can:1^ as would-
capturcd, while a mob attacked oth
ers  of  the  caplincd   Reds  and   tried
to kill them.
May Admit Germans in Year
London.���Tl.e    Reuter    corrcspon
(lent at Paris says that it is expected
Lord  Robert   Cecil    will    appoint   a
Biiti&lt member of thc    organiration
.of the lcacuc of nations and that Gcr-
bc college students. Examination of
thc Orientals by thc immigration officials has shown them unfit to cntor
colleges here. Thcy appealed to Ottawa, but officials there icju&ed v> -n-
torvone.
cMraordinary session of congress to  manj   wouW ^ adm:tt<a to thc lca.
tual wording of the agreement to be
included in thc peace treaty.
The owners of the railway out of
Kiao-Chau will use special police
only to insure the security of traffic.
This force wiil be composed of
Chinese, with such Japanese instructors as the directors of the railway
shall elect and who are appointed by
the Chinese government. AH Japanese military forces arc to be withdrawn at the earliest possible moment.
enact legislation  necessary "to   safe
guard our social and business structure."
Held as Hostages
Copenhagen. ��� Hundreds of intellectuals are being arrested at Budapest, according to a Berlin dispatch
to thc Berlongske Tidcndc. It is reported that one of the people's commissaries has explained that thcy will
be held as hostages and would "pay
with their blood for every step thc
Rumanians take within thc frontiers
Of Hungary."
guc aftcr a period of probably
year.
one
Trial of Ex-kaiser
London. ��� Thc Evening  Standard
claims that it has thc highest authority for asserting that William Hohcn-
yollcrn will be prosecuted and tried.'  ^ir Squadron  for Russian  Service
Will Replace Airplane
Saskatoon. ���- S.f-katoon Kiwanis
club have decided to htjp Lieut. McClelland, the local awator. who
smashed his aii plane in hi'- first passenger trip. The machine is a total
wreck and Kiwanians havc decided to
undertake thc securing of sufficient
funds to enable McClelland to purchase anothct   machine.
not as originator of the war, but as
one of the instigators of crimes as
provided in thc report of the commission on war responsibility.
W.     N.     U.     1262
London. ��� Major Rpymoml Coll
shaw, thc noted Canadian airman, has
bcon authorized to form a squadon
for service in Russia. He is now selecting thc personnel of this squadron, which win include several well
known Canadian airmen.
'\eisuilhs. ��� In ,i si ssJon becriii-
ning at 3 10 o'< lock and !.i>iing b.irel}
five imnulcs, the (jtiniar plenipotentiaries to the peace rongto��s presented their credentials.
It was thc lli st step in the peace
negotiations.
Thc Gorman eredemi.ils wcrc presented to icpie*cnUti\es of the allies
and thc United Stales.
Pale and almost faimincj from
emotion, Count \on B"-ockdorff-R.in-
zau, the German secretary and head
of thc peace delegation, ��at through
i.hat cvidcntl\ was one of the bittci-
usl moiiuntb of h's life. IIl was barfly able to sustain hrnself on his feet
thiough thc brief ceremony, and Hack
the waiting automobile, which had
brought him to thc gathering.
The meeting took place in thc
room of thc Trianon Hotel, previously used for the sessions of thc supreme military council. Count von
Brockdorff-Rantzau, on entering, was
accompanied by Herr Landsbcrg,
Professor Schuecking, and two secretaries, and waiting for him thc allied
representatives were grouped around
Juks Cambon, former French, ambassador at Berlin, who is chairman
of the comrai&sion.    Other members
eace
ot the alliid i>,ut\ mi'l'.'d(d lord
H.'.rdiut,, (i-i.u nrit.mi; Amhass.idor
M.il-ui, Japan, and Ikmy White of
thc   I'niud  Stalls
M. Canilion iiiinadi.Ueij addressed
Count von Biockdoiff-Rantj-au. stating that he was chairman of thc commission entrusted by thc siliod powers to rcceh c and cxain&e tlic credentials of lhe German delegates as
the first step in a conference whicli,
it was cNpcctvd, would lead to pence.
"Ueic arc oms," continued M.
Cimbnn, t.V'-ndincr, as hc -poke, the
formal credential*, of the allied i oni-
mn-rion as plenipotentiaries to the
n-ett:ng. Count von Broekdorfi-Kant-
7.-m .suricndeied the Grrm.ni <iodontitis with even Ii_s oi a formal address, his emotion being too great to
enable him lo deliver an extended
discourse.
Aftcr these brief ceremonies, the
Germans turned and left thc hall,
walking a few steps to the oars ia
waiting. Thcy were followed immediately by thc allied representatives.
The,whole ceremony was over by 2.3<l
o'clock. Thc allied delegates then
rode to thc Chateau to Aspect the
Hall of Mirrors, where thc treaty will
be signed and oventually returned i<*
the liotel f��r tea.
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OfdCd/koW/r
OMEHOW the printed silk frock     from that, the dress is a marvelously
seems to have been always dear    interesting "study in black'and white,"
to the mode, only this year it is    and daintily topped with a crisp bit of
emphatically so.   No wonder milady,    tall frilling in back,
when she is deciding on a "best" or a There  is nothing  startlingly  hew
semi-best of silk, prefers the figured about the overblouse, to be sure, tut
one before all else. Did you ever know after really.heroic insistence,.jt.is_.com- _
the unprinted thing to bc quite so sue- ing in for quite all the notice that its
cessful, simple and-sparsely trimmed grace and > beauty deserve. Now; you
as the decorated surface? Why its can't escape it; not even on the frock
decdrativeness is the chief charm of that calls itself a one piece.' Nor doyou
the figured stuff! want to escape it. Surely you wouldn't
If you go in for frocks of the de-    want to miss this happy expression of
mure   kind,   you   are   going   to   fall    it in a deep violet and black and yel-
straightway in love with this bit of a    low silk, emphasised by the somber
^polka-dot delight and its adorable net    fact of a.dull black silk skirt and sash,
supplements.   Those last are a fetch--   ;   No,' the  stuff  that  comes  already
ing  gilel  posed  ever, so   attractively.  ;decorat'ed from the loom doesn't need.
-    under     thc    simple ; surplice, V.'li'he,' '..but unexpected line, makes-it .
,    -        bodice,   and   then a gracefulyd;o ubl y   interesting.   Consider   the
wisp'of a sash.   Red and white..;; smartly pretty matter of this one with,
.is the scheme of. the print,-.    -X. 'Zazkint of the. Japanesque in its-bodice .
- It takes a tunic to���'.hav-e, real.���': 'aiid the . hcliceable irregularity oi
"point", lo be at. all noticeable .. tunic. And "'then, .by way,of contrast,.,
on the distracting charm of the,/ look, to the quaint old air of the triple-'
tuniced and self-sashed .model 'tucked, model, charming,-inZ its direct-
shown. ,But this, tunic ..has; ness.' That is a.delightful old blue-and-.
point, unnttstakably, and it.all,, white, .conception,; the former a.blue
occurs right in front where it's . .and-," white?-too;' with blue as back-
bound to' be seen.   Then aside -.'-ground. -,;';. ���..'.���        : ....;.-:     Xy x
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Educatiegi
Ahout 18 months ago it fust became possible for a leluined soldier,
who had/been so disabled by scivice
thai it w.is impossible ioi him to ic-
sumc his loimci cimI-occupation, lo
take a couise of tiainmg undci government supcivision and pi}, winch
fitted him foi some ncv occupation,"
the pursuit of which would not bc
prevented b} lfis disabiht} In other
woids, lus case was caicfullv considered, his di-abihlv laken'inlo account,
md his training auingcd so that in
his ncv occupation he could develop
100 pci cent cfTtciciicv As <\n cv��
ample take a machinist av ho liad lost
a leg, obviously his clisabiht} was
snch that hc could not umiihc thai
occupation Hc had a knowledge of
blue prints and chawing and straw
latent ibihlv in a dia-wmg line -lie
was parsed foi a couise as a mechanical diaughlsman At the icimiiiation
of his couise hc was einplo}cd al -si
wage ncarl} equal to Ins wage as <i
^ machinist The loss of a leg wa^-no
"handicap as hit. ncw occupation did
nal_call foi any moving ...1011111I Thus
this nun, senously handicapped as a
machinist, was enabled to ovci comc
his handicap and compete successfully
���with anv  othci diaughlsman
Ov\ing to thc incicasfiij, number of
diffeunt Uadcs and occupations in
which il was ncccssai} lo liam such
men il became impcialivc that tiain-
ing places should bc found Obviously, if a man was to bc tiaincd foi a
position in a machine shop, thc place
to tiam him was light in the particu-
-lai macliinc sli^op in which lie would
eventually bc 'employed This lcsult-
ed in the" institution of mduslnal sui-.
vcys One of the fust industiics in
Monlical lo bc suivc}cd was thc Angus Shops (Canadian Pacific Railway) It can leadily bc undci stood
dial these shops, cmplo}ing thousands
Df skilled men, in piacticalh all kinds
of mechanical work ollcicd gieat op-
pot tumties foi thc tiaiumg-of disabl-
- ltd men lhc above mentioned industrial sutvey consisted of a detailed
rcpoil ou cveiy position in the Angus Shops; il showed ; mong othci
things thc e\acl naluie of the work
done and what disabilities would hin-
dci a man fiom doing the woik This
stuvc} wps a guide to thc disluct vocational officer, as a lcfcicncc to it
showed immediately what mechanical
woik a disabled^man ,>ould bc physi-
call} <iblc to do without being
troubled bv  1 is disabihtv
Fiom' the outset cvciy official of
tlic C T R. who was appioachcd cx-
piessed grcil interest in the woik,
and"by co opciation ��� lcndcicd most
inaleii.il assistance in thc ic-mslal-
ing of disabled soldicis m tuvthan
occup ilians
liic general sthenic of "haining
adopted bv the invaliJcd soldicis'
'Commission is to give any man taking
- a machine shop training about three-
quarters of his course in thc machine
shop al McGiirUnivcrsilj-, then place
him out wilh an industry such as thc
���Angii? Shops lo ��� finish thai course
'and gain the necessary practical experience. During thc lime that the
man is taking this training, hc is
drawing full pay and allowances from
thc invalided soldiers'" commission, so
thc firm wilh which hc is working is
not called on to pay him anything.
In this way the man becomes accustomed lo his work in a place where he
will probably bc cmpolycd al the rcr-
Cabinet Making, Angus Shops.
New Obstacle
In Peace Treaty
~ ^
Chinese Maintain that Japanese Proposals >Thieaten  China's
Sovereignty
Pans   ���  Kiao-Chau is  now   i ival-1 delegation   uiivcd at thc  Vauuesson
ing Finnic as a peace stumbling block
and is attiacting much attention IIil
Chinese piopositiou to let the Tap m-
esc keep Ivaao-Chau and foiinci Gci-
man concessions foi one vcai undci
pledge to turn them back upon
China's leimbtnscmcril to Tapancsc
foi the cosl of captuiing Jsmg-Iao,
has-"bccn unfavoiablv leccivcd In the
Japanese ,
lhc Japanese arc willing to agiec
lo lhc rcluiii of Kiao-Chau, but upon
thc condition thai they lctain the
port ot Ismg-lao and the light to
co-opcr?lc with thc Chinese in thc
opciation of the Gcnnin-ovvncd mines
and lailwavs in thc Shantung province >.
Thc Chinese maintain lh.it the T.ip-
anesc pioposds tin eaten China's sov-
eicigntv, and^ if adopted, would put
nilo effect thc terms o/ lhc secret
agreements forced upon hci bv Japan.
While thc situation is difficult, the
pienrieis are endeavoring to anangc
a compromise, whei-ebv lhc German
possessions in China w>Il be foimall}
turned ovci to Japan, with provisions
instiling then return to Chin i b} lhc
leap'ie of n itions undt ��� just conditions
Delegates Arrive
'    "~ At Versailles
Documents for Conference Were Enclosed in Six Boxes
������\crsaillc-.   ��� lhc    main    German
sh tion and canti   to \iisailks bv
toniobik   l^
Bcilm   ���  Count  von     Biockdo ft-
Ranl/au, llic  Get man foreign    minis
tci, and the otlm  chief d( legates en-
J lit-v weic accompanied by laigc
suites and the commissions' ancl all llie
ncccssai v documents foi the confci-
ence wcrc enclosed in six boxes.
Undci sccietar} of stale von Biaun
joined lhc dtlcgahon as the rcpicscn-
talivc of tlic food mnustiy Thc othci new delegates aic'Hen Hcincn of
the . economic mimstiy and llcrr
Schiotdci, scciclaiy of the mmistiy
of finance
Desire To Conciliate
The Italian Premier
Results of Blockade
-o
<;
By
Curious Items in Repoi t-Issued
"Germany
Bcilin   ��� Tlic imperial health mm
tiamcd  at  i'olschni    foi     Vtisailks   istl,   ilils issued    a incmoiandum  oa
r i i       i ^i * ���
Electricity Used
\ On Modern Farms
in   Life   of
Making a locomotive side rod bushina-.
nrinalion of his course, and thc employer, having had the man - undci
him foi some lime, knows something
about his woik This method gcnci-
ally lcsults in disabled men being ab-
Soibcd into thc industries for whicli
thcy have been liained with no gap
between lamination* of couise of cm-
plovmcnl-and is thus satisfactoi} lo
all couccincd   i
Il might appeal fiom the foicgo-
mg thai the employment offcied by
the CPR lo men being tiaincd by
thc invalided soldicis' commission is
confined to positions in the Angus
Shops Such, hbwevQi, is -not the
^asc Evciy dcpaitincnt has taken on
men, clciks, diaughtsmcn, tclcgtaph-
cis
In some industiics thcic has been
a tendency to fight^'shy of the returned men, the icason staled being his
inability and appaicnt lack of powci
of conccnliation on Ins woik Not so
wilh the CPR Evci} con sulci ation
is shoivn the ictuincd luan and every
possible allowance is made which will
assist htm m rc-cslabhshing himself
in civil life. The altitude taken by
lhc higher officials of thc C.P.R. in
rcgaid to disabled soldier studcnts'Ts"
miirorcd in the following letter of instructions issued lo foremen:
Thc Returned Soldier as an Employee
, How do you treat a returned soldier working: under you? Do you
consider him as an.ordinary workman, "let him shift for himself and
look on iiis mistakes only as you
would an oidinary employee? If so,
you are assuming thai he is in all
respects just a normal man- and
should be able to do tke same work
Will Erect Plaster Mill
Kamloops, B C ��� Thc decision of
the Canadian National rail wav to con-
slinet a line fiom Kamloops lo vci-
nou is alrcad} giving new life to cn-
terpuscs' along that ionic As :< result of thc laihvay dncctors' decision,
it is tlic intention of the Bntish Columbia Gypsum Co, 1 id, to creel an
up to date plaslci mill to develop us
vast gypsum deposits al Falkland, on
the Kamloops-Vcinon line The Manitoba Gvpbtim Co, which is success-
full} operating in lhsit province, owns
thc gicatci part of the stock of the
Britibh Columbia company
the results of the blockade It sa}s
Fiom 191^ to 191S, as a lcsult ot undci nouushment, 673,000 poisons died
iu Gcimanv and a fuithci 150,000
died fiom influenza owing to the loss
of then   powci  of lcsislancc
lhc fall in the numbei of births
dining the wai exceeded 4,000,000 foi
the cinpne, and ova 2,s00,000 foi
Piussia Thc incmoiandum calculates
al =56,300,000,000 marks tlic damage inflicted bj Lhe liungei blockade, in
which it includes such cunou1} llcins
as unborn people ancl thc loss of
wages due to reduced woiUinj, capacity
as quickly and as well as thc average
employee    Tf }ou do, you aic wiong
Man} ictuincd soldiers' "constitutions are biokcn clown Ihey have
been gassed, shell shocked and loi-
turcd by wounds, and consequent^
ate highlj sluing and nervous and
will bc foi some lime to comc Whit
thcy make of themselves depends on
you It one of these men make, a mistake and is loughly rcpiimajuled, lie-
is likely lo shake like n leaf, get excited, etc, and bc ver} difficult to
make anv thing of, t1u&- is wrong
Thc gicatcsl tact, care ancl attention
thai you can give these men in helping them to become useful cmplo}ccs
is what lhc companv expects, and
morcov ci, vou ow e it to thcm
Thcic ate bound to be some exceptions and some men will fail to mike
good 'Lhe success oi lasltiic of thc
majontv, howevci, depends on vou,
and il ts vou! pnvilcge to help 3 out
country m this national cnsis bv cu-
dcavoiing to 1 lake useful citizens out.
of thc ncive-shatlcred men that are
commencing lo come back lo us fiolu
the front.   "
Is further proof of the interest' of
"lhc Cl' K. necessary?    No!      ,       ,
Now for lesults. Of the first hundred men lo complete industrial ro-
cducational courses in this unit', ten
wcic employed by thc C. 1J.R. on the
termination of their courses. Up lo
dale, about two hundred men have
completed courses and now many of
these men arc employed by the C.P.
R7, i.c : These men have taken courses
in no less than 12 different trades, so
il is obvious lhal lhc C.P.P*. is assisting splendidly.
���    /
Huns May Refuse
"Dictated Peace
s
Copenhagen. ��� The president of
thc German national assembly, _Kon-
Btantin Fchrcnbach, speaking aL Freiburg, said it was vcrv^possiblc thai
a plenary session would bc convoked
-to decide regarding'thc signing of a
plenary peace treaty, as well as lo
co-operate in the peace negotiations.
"We arc in doubt as to what it
would, mean for thc southwestern
corner of the empire if wc refused to
sign thcN peace treaty," said Herr
Fchrcnbach. "I take it that in any
case wc shall not sign a'peace which
leaves prisoners still in captivity and
does not bring thc raising of tlic
blockade. Neither will, we sign a peace
which surrenders -ithc' Saar region to
our enemies and proiniscs Danzig to
the Poles.
"The. government and parliament
jointly bear ,a tremendous responsibility, but behind thcm stands thc
entire German nation. Our enemies
must know, and, it must penetrate
_, their countries, wc will not accept
any dictated terms and will not bc
a slave nation."
Channel Tunnel
Arouses Interest
French Illustrated Papers Print
Photographs of Coast Railway
Paris. ��� The channel j tunnel is
arousing much interest hdrc, and one
of thc illustrated papers prints a
photograph of lhc coast railway between Folkestone and Dover wilh one
of its tunnels, which it optimistically
calls "Thc Tunnel Exit on the English Coast," showing lhc two sets of
rails, thc double tunnel, and a train,
all in working order (as, of course,
they are). There is going to bc real
luxury in sitting m a carriage and
knowing that,many yards above one's
head the channel-is doing a Russian
ballet to  itself, a luxury-comparable
to sitting by a bright fire and hearing the slcct flung against thc windows by au angry wind.
Germans Advance
On City oi' Munich
Rcds_Lose in-Bavaria-Despite. Reinforcements
Berlin. ��� Martial law was dcclaicd
in all Bavarian 'IcrritSry cast of the
Rhine and government troops* began
���an advance on ""Munich from the
south and captuicd Muiiiau. The
communists immediately thicvv reinforcements into Kcmplen, west of
Murnau, fiom Munich ar.d Augsburg
to ward oft" the attack of the government forces.
Thc Spartacan leader in''Nuremberg, Albeit Schmidt, was shot aftcr
the discovery by thc military atithoi-
ities of a plot 10 depose the Hoffmann
government, lighting then developed
between the governnirnt and communist troops, icsidling in the death
of a numbei of the Reds. The other
Spartacan let.c'ets in Xuscinbcrg -wcic
arrested and quid again iciens tcm-
porarilv.
Plays   Important   Part
Family
Perhaps thejc has been no two
subjects moic discussed and aigucd
within the last, few }cns lhap the
questions of wh} bo}s leave the
hum, and why faunas, jusl as the}
leach mickllc age and then highest
cfficicucv, arc so apt lo move to
town and ictire 1 hese aic f.ic
gicatcsl chaw backs lo agiiculluial
pioqtcss 111 Amenta, and when'the
young men and lhc old incn cease to
leave the faim >\mctici will make
11101 e piog'icss mlv\o 01 thicc }cais
than has been ihqcIc in .1 decade ^bc-
fott
\\ c aic fnmly of lhc opinion^hal
modern improvements, which mean
comtorlabkc living, aic {.'Oing to play
a laigi pari 111 solving litis problem
Nol 'onlv aic modem mipiovcmcnts
making living moic comfortable "and
pleasant, but thcy aic making woik
hglilcr and less exhausting
Of all lhc modem jmpiov emails
clcctiicitv" is possibly the most im-
poiUiul, as il is the means of furnishing so manv comloits, conveniences
md laboi   savcis
In thc home clcctnc lights arc a
most valuable fcaLu.c It is -a gical
mipiovcniuu ovci the, old lamp .svs-
iCm, the air is irol ldhhed-of its oxv-
gen as wheic open flames aie binned,
and lhe" rooms ^��nol grow stuffy,
making the occupants .chowsy and
stupid.'       - -    - -
"-Not-*only in thc house, but in -thc
slirrotiuding buildings, electric lights
play an important pari in thc daily
lifc of thc family. Tlie bain, garage,
and other,, outbuildings aie lighted
by electric lights. Wherever thcy arc
needed, all that i�� necessary is to turn
on a few swilche-. and lhc surroundings are lighted up. '"
One of thc places where electricity
has proved itself useful is in thc
operation of machinery aboul thc
house and barn. The time taken in
thc turning of cianks on the farm is
quite considerable. With thc motor
lo attach to the churn, washing machine, cream separator, feed giindcr,
gtind.slone and many other machines,
an_iiitini le" amount-of" lim"e~atid"laboi
is saved. At butchering time il turns
lhe sausage1 grinder. In the spiing il
operates thc horse clipper or the
sheep shearing, machine; in fact, the
longer }ou have such a convenience
lhc more you can find for it to do
and thus give lhe family more time
to woik in the fields, in thc gaiden,
with thc poultiy, or in just reading
and resting, while the work is clone
just thc same.
Thc western farmer has made progress along these lines in thc las!
few years. Last ycar 9 pcr cent, of
the buildings built in the country
wcic equipped with lighting ottlfi -.
It is expected that within a shoit
time every fanner will figure on the
lighting problem just as much as thi
question of heating.
Britain to Offer New Loan
London ��� The Bjulish government is about to offer 1 great new"
^lom equivalent to five per cent consols,' unless ""this decision is altered al
lhc eleventh houi, savs thc Daily
Mail
lhc newsptpei adds that thc loan
will be issued within thc next few
weeks and will take the form of consolidated stock, beaiing foui pc��
cent interest Thc issue puce will
bc 80, thus making the }icld five pa
cent
T hc lo in, according to the Mail,
wii' bc pa}able by a sinking fiind lo
become opcialive 1967 and which is
to icdccniiilic loan cnlucly m 1977.
Want Inland Trade Commission
Regina, Sask ��� A Dominion inland
trade commission, wiVh powers in regard to foodstuffs siniUai lo those
gianted thc railway commission 111
dealing Willi iailwa}s, is fathered b^
thc wholesale grocers association of
Saskitchcuan. lt is pioposccl tliat
the commission -would bc divided into lhc following branches* Milk distribution, bakers, food manufacturer,
cinncis, fruit glowers, produty^ men,
grain, gtowers, stock laiseis, trades
and labor, consumers, millers, packers, wholesale grocers, lelail grocers,
who'esalc fish merchants, and cold
sloiagc. Thc proposed duties would
bc to regulate and contiol all food
products giown, manufactured, prc-
patcd 01 offcied foi  sale in Canada
Pans ��� Tlie Bri'ish pumc miiiis-
tei has again intervened in thc Italian situation by sending one of his
ti usled associates to communicate
pcisonally with Piemicr Orlando at
Rome. .
While the desuc is to conciliate
Signoi Orlando, yet the premier is
advised against tite inclusion of
hiumc undci Italian control, as likely
lo make a settlement difficult, if not
impossible.
The person bearing tbe message
was a memba of the Asquith cabinet
with Llo}d George.
New York ���Thc Associated Picss
issued the following'
With everything viitually in readiness foi the handing ovci of the
pc^tcc ticaly to thc Germans at Versailles, the Italian situation looms
huge as an impediment to the way
of un minions agieement^n thc part
ot the entente and associated "governments
Thc situation in Italy still remains
cntical, the people demanding thc
fulfilment of the claims of the Italian delegates to Fiume and the Dalmatian coast and islands. So tense
is lhc situation that Vj;ttorio Oilan-
do, the Italian premier, at a conference with Thomas Nelsou, thc United States ambassadni to Italy, left
All Page with thc understanding that
the picmier did not intend to feturu
to Pans foi the signing of the peacas
tteaty.
�����r
^-1
^1
^:
Conflicts in Bremen
Bcilin ��� Sanguinary conflicts havc
been numerous during thc last few
davs in Bremen and the outlying dis-
tnets due to Spartacan uprisings lhat
Ptcsidcnt Cbctt has aducd to the existing mailial law lcgimc cxliaoidni-
aiy nnlilaty com Is lo try pitsoncrs
chaigcd with liisuncctionaiy crimes
Will Finish Seeding on Time
"Winnipeg ���Piovidmg good wcath-
ct continues, Manitoba's'*wheat crop
foi 1919 will bc in thc ground by Satin dav, May 10, according to iu^opin*
ion expressed by Hon Val. Winkler,
minister of agricultuic.
"Seeding is now going on rapidly,"
said Mr. "v\ inkier, "and with thc modem farmer's equipment it is not a
long job By finishing wheat seeding
on May 10 the farmers are strictly
on tune and arc taking no chances,
Thc prospects are certainly fine "
Xhl
fc.
>"
The Canadian West-In "Movies"
Railvvaymen Threaten Strike
Paii-. ��� Renewed agitation in   almost all parts 01  Germany is rcpoit-
"ed in Gciinan advices icceived here.
The railway employees in thc Berlin
district arc threatening to bring on a
general strike on May 7 if their claims
.are not satisfied, while in thc Ruhr
industrial district the Spartacans are
again displaying great activity and
endeavoring to organize a general
strike in this region. Already there
have been outbreaks in which casualties have occurred. The advices
show electric railway employees in
Silc?ia generally arc reported to have
.struck.
-Japan Upholds Italy
Tokio  ��� The Japanese press, commenting upon the departure    oi   the
Italians  from  the peace    conference,
upholds Italy. _
An, Unsinkable Spirit Yamato   Shiiubiin    d'eckircs    Japan
There was a submarine on the port  ;.mi jlah- ",uc \n the same boat."
bow. The captain and every member|     "l��   the   conference    considers  the
of the cinv knew it.    Thrre was tlicjT.-iug    Tao    agreement    a  sciap   of
u��ual neivons efficient-}    Seamen w ho j prq>ei. the    >-aiifo    moasuio    may   he-
had been   toipedocd bcfoie  were as Jnrccsarv     on    the pait of Japan, it
thai
I ncv
llllt t X lll-J
their     liii
snrint;     lhc it ' comi.-des
would all  {ret    off    safeh
while  thcy  sj ok'*  to  pre I
hells adjuetcd.
. One of the stewards, full of anxiety for his commander, rushed up to
the captain and asked . here his life
belt was.
"I wanted to buckle it onto  you,
hc said excitedlv.
sir,"
"Mind your own business/' retooled thc Irish captain promptly, "nhd
you help with thc guns. I'm from
Cork and I don't need any lifc belt."
W,
\
U. 1262
About all yott can do for a boy,
worth while, is to give hfrn something
good to remember
says.
As;d"i M.iiilbuu piuU'sses to believe Italv )> ob..bl\ 'will conclude ,a
situate tint} villi Austti.i and resume hostilities with the south S!rtvs.
"Europe," it declares, "may yet see
its worst fighting, with Germany the
only country to benefit."
Work for Returned Men
Melbourne. ��� A bi-statc scheme of
public works construction involving
expenditurev of nearly ^12,300,000 and
offering ample employment to returned Anzacs has bctn approved by 3
joint commission from the states of
Victoria and New Soutc Wales, Australia.
Surrender at Antwerp
Brussels. ��� T'>crc is an agitation
in some quartets for thc appointment
of a parliamentary commission lo inquire into the circumstances of the
signing of thc Vaix dc Contich on
Oct. 9, 1911. Meanwhile General de
Guise, who was in command of Antwerp in thc autumn of 1914, has been;
rcqutslecl to pppear bfforc a court!
mailial in oidcr that the fact, con
ccrniug the surrender of Antwein'
may be known, and that both his'
honor and that of lhc 30,000 iiu-n,
who, ouilur t<"> the sni render oi Antwerp were interned in Holland m,iv
bc v indicated. The matter is a purely military one, though the Paix dc
Contich wa=; signed by civilians.
ZZZZ?i|��i|
(1) An Alhcrta YThent TMi.
(2) MeTto Men >"esr Banff Spring* pared for irrigation,    the   application
Hotel." of water, growing crops of grain and
(3) An Irrigation Stream. alfalfa, harvesting, and livestock   on
- -   -"      -��� j the irrigated farm. It also s-iiows  lhc
At ihe i-re-uit time there arc being j irrigation works, including the great
sh. " n in virion- p:;r;=i af the United', Bassano Dam, the largest of its kind
Slali- -O.-ic ���pictures ot
Rumanians Advancing
Basic. ��� ^Hungarian communist
iroops have withdrawn cast of Kaz-
7.1?, 85 miles southeast of Budapest
before superior Rumanian forces, a
Hungarian > official statement fvotr,
Budapest says. The Rumanians continue their advance down thc river
valleys leading: to Budapest, cast of
that city.
v ari-n'.s
Mias
actual scenes i"in thc cvorld.
ot t'aim life in Ai
beua, one of the prairie provinces of
Canada. Thcy show this country in
a very different light from what many
had been led to believe it to be. Thc
iihns. which have been produced under thc direction of the Canadian Fa-
The idea one gathers
of these'structures from the .picture
is that thcy were built to last, and
that those who provided thc money
had great couftdcuce in thc country
and the undertaking.
Thc dairy film shows the rapid pro-
cress  this industrv has sr.adii in AI-
eific Railv/ay, department of coioniza-.berta during thc last few'years, and
tion and development, deal v. it'll irrigation farming, thc dairy industry,
ancl the- lighter side of thc farmer's
c;o\ ernment���'grading' station ^hereytfia)?
butter;is tested and giyenZthe-gridi
under which it is sold show that ythlPsX
new country is 'not taking secotid' Z
place to any other in the.; methods Z;
employed in promoting its dairy in-' \:
dusliry. .In sterilizing, 'bottlingyy and;;
delivery of milk to the city residents'.-.-.-.
everything is also up-to-date.'     ::\ ' '
ButZtliait" it 'is :n6t: all'Zwbrk,':Zoyef'''7"
there   and -that the farmer and his
family1  have    inany    diversions
shown in   a.; picture"  dealing    ���W'lth "
what, may. be7 called, the lighter side
of life,:pn..thc;:farm in Western..Can-
ada.Z;yA'>farnier7:aiid':'his '-'"iamily . ara ������
pictured in their : comfortable. home,
thc children ha.ve been to school,- thfl
mother   has   finished her household ,
tasks, has fed the chickens and tmlk-
cd the covy,: the father has returned
from;: his'���'< work' iit.';tiic'- field/ .They are
planning;: tp.. :gb.: toy the ^summer   fair
at Calgary.yvThey,decide.to-; go.'They
arc' shownZ^;Jt-he:-fair���:' hungling" ywith"���':
thc ycrpwd,. ��� enjoying ' themselves oil
thc. 'roundabouts^.. .iaZ .they shows/ and -;'.
watching 7:the automobile races     and :
otherZcvetiisZy:yy:TheZsplendid horses,'
caUle,.-:sheep ���andZh'^gs^.on^^
exlitbi'tionZ-arQj-^lso.y^ctui'ed. .-Alto-.
get!ieyr:_y^ie"'ps.rtyZs��^ ear.-;
' ioy'^yr..^yXfiyXiXXX;XXX-XXXXXy;XX.;y
lMeryih;y'theZ^
a holidayZyTh'eyZhayeZriOt-y far'ZioZ go. y
TheyZfihd'.in ��� the;:;same."iiroyinec' fooiii- -
dayiTeMrtrjtb^-yafford/aiiZy excellent"
chaBg&^Th'^-'y.'K^ these"
plaa^ZoivZthe'ZJ'shoritsZpf ya' large in-.
lan4Jlake.y'Z!H^e.:.the^;.:��Jijoy:'Z,thei^
seIv^^a^^;-Zyib.oSling:i Ssbitig > sod;..
basking.ilaZZthc1 Xsunshine X on. i thtfy
sands'.:Altcrwardsy''^ey.'-'yisit y Bstttff'y
in theylieartyefy.t'he'y.Rocky .MctittUunjy
xiixiimm
x%mm8m
Xyi-.y.'.^.XXy^iK*
.'���'..\'::':^fIV;>5f^_
tSZ;8|t>'#p||
i .vJ^^^'i"!
;S;-ZsiM|sa
XXy'X^mM
xryxr^xnmM
.'X'y-XxyiMi*
lifc in "\Vc3tcr
r.  Cr.
The film dealji.g
inniig- slwr.-i the
latta.
with
irrigation
some of thc reasons*for this progress.  andsin;'y:,cgn.nectfetiy'';witi -theic-Z_'#iSi^
���-SP-4
-,:--.' xP**l
liii
'tryy.gM
'-.-..'it/.'^r.-l
mm
--.<:''is|i|
r-XHiySSii
:-'*^li
Ever}" operation h given lifc; milking
thc cows on thc farm, delivering: the
cream to- the creamery, grading thc
cream, making the butter, pr.ckiu? it,
land hfimr   pre- and shipping it to the   markets   in
spniey-':mafnificent ;mdufetaisr 7: &ctatif'iyX
is tkspwn;y{onZ.tha' sereenZ'Eviteiflj J-^��
theyiifeyW-'/ffee -&l^niw;'':yiri-:ZVfetfiTii :^Z^
Ca��^a.'ig'.'5ol:,all.woil: aa|t ',��*.."pfejJv'xi-X
EtHttJiwsVof ��mvftte.-'f^eifie: -m$ik;. tht :iii":
'���'���i'X^y
'-��� M&SI
!��..<'""��,W��..ii'EiJ'
^rflZSkiSiP^iftia
jf|S%��i-��-'fi-''?=-s��s
WM %sitt?5X&Z^
* -       . -   - -    ^~"*-   -���-t*' -  *-     <��� /v      �����-)-_ j- -   ^ ^    ->* ���* -��� I   ~A* -j--c
TJLE     LEDGE,     GRETSXWOOD,     B.     0.
'i'Z1
Bad   Breath
IS CAUSED BY
CATARRH
Canadians suffer i:i<
)IC 1
iii
tl:
paiisou  with which the German type
\\.i�� as a child's toy.
Many of these things arc still a scc-
tet in lhe archives of onr wai college;
| lhcir details or even iheii existence
j have not and should nol be made
I public; but il i3 permissible to men-
I tion   one,  a   gas   shell,   thc     use     of
May Use Airships !
To Reach Yukon!
ui ���
,    /     .t���v    ll' "" *      ""      fry"'      ��--���*.-���(       - -.�� v. ��. w v. w��.   i
than from any other ��li= rr-c On this'^n'cl1 ^N'" absolutely and almost   in- j
and
;erous
outset,
tke   internal
There   is
Catanh   bv
account Catanh    is
bliouhl he cheeked at
It   isn't  necessary
medicine  to  cure  C.i'\>
���a far betier meiiicd.
Doctois now treat
sending a purifying, healing vapor
through tl.e breathing organs. In
this way the germs of Catanh are
destroyed.
'lhc onlv successful vnnnr treatment is CATARRHOZONE, which
die patient breathes tin ouch a special
inhaler to the ical seat of lhc iioublc.
The rich, pincy essences of Catanho-
���/onc heal and sooihe all inflamed surfaces. Thcy effectively tieaL the nose,
ihroat and lungs with a poweiful antiseptic that destroys irritation at
once.
Catairhc.7one brings into the system the bain,} aii of thc nine forest.
It cures completely cold-, cotitrhs,
catanh, weak tliio.it", and bronchitis.
Once tried, Catanhozone is always
used. Nothing so pleasant, so simple, so quick to ulievc, so absolutely
sure to permanently cure. Accept no
substitute. Laige si/.c lasts two
months, and costs .$1.00; small size
50c; sample trial si/o 25e; at all dealers.
Undue Credit
To Germany
'\s a prelude to her attack on civilization, Germany did two things. For
forty ycais she built up a vast military machine at home, and for forty
years, through well planned and skillfully executed propaganda throughout thc world,-she taught thc gospel
of her superior efficiency. This latter
to such an extent and so successfully
that, by 1914, to usc an expressive
though slangy expression, she had
lhe world "buffaloed."
This is not to say Germany was
not trfificient, not superlatively organized, for shc was. Xot only was the
theoiy of efficiency talked on cvciy
occasion, but it was demonstrated in
her manufactured products ancl thc
thoroughness ot her immense export
trade. If a German manufacturer
could not compete in any foreign
port with any aiticle made elsewhere,
Ids government promptly came to his
relief with lower ocean freight rates,
or some other form of subsidy. The
natural result of all this was to create
and foster a world-wide conviction
that Germany was a supcrnation, head
and shoulders above all others, and
therefore ^impregnable. To resist
Germany when she set out to- conquer was lo invite and insure disaster. In short, ihe expectation was to
destroy in advance a world morale,
and thus reduce successful conquest
to its simplest terms.
This system vvas not without its tc-
stilts and effect. Thc German at
home, and " with few exceptions
abroad, was absolutely grounded in
thc conviction that the fatherland
vvas invincible. Wc can each recall
those Germans in this country, including those who had been naturalized here for many years, and who
eventually took sides with the United
States against Germany, who in 1914,
1915 and 1916~w"cre both indignant
and angry at any suggestion of German failure, or of responsibility for
starting the war.
It is quite true that, in thc early
days of thc struggle, victory perched
on German banners, and the tide of
battle flowed one way. This apparently was proof of the claim of supcrnation. What with millions of men
with ycars of thc most severe military
.training: guns __with undreamed-of
range, throwing shells of unheard-of
tize; ncw explosives of uncqualcd
power and violence; airships; submarines; gas shells; liquid fire, and all
thc other ucw-in-civilizcd warfare
weapons, thc claim apparently was
established. Thc world seemed voiceless to refute thc assertion.
Then gradually���so slowly at first
there seemed no progress whatever���
-lhc allies began where Germany had
commenced forty ycars ago, to gird
up their loins. It was slow work���
that of fighting a defensive battle
againbt vastly unequal odds with one
hand and building an offensive with
the other. Thc conditions were supremely hard, for it is one thing to
plan and invent and experiment and
construct and lest out, all under the
conditions of peace, and 'quite another lo commence at thc foundation
to do thc same when carrying on a
war.
In only a little more, than four
ycars, thc allies had searched*out and
organized their inventive and scientific minds, their chemists, their builders of guns-and submarine's and air
��raft, and had brought, their fighting
machinery���-with thc exception"of,the
?6-mi!c gun���up to thc standard
which Germany had required forty
years to accomplish, and in some respects had gone, even better. With
thc advent of the United States came
A tremendous impulse of inventive accomplishment which in scarcely more
than a year had conceived, and made
in  vast  quantities,  weapons  in   com-
stanlly  annihilate    any    aimy      into
whose ranks ii is hurled.
Had thc armistice been delayed
only a few days, there would not havc
been left alive a single soldier in all
thc Mctz fortifications. A few planes
hovering so far above its guns as to
be mcic specks iu the sky; a few gas
bombs dropped among the forts and
a few moments later, not a living soul
left lo challenge or surrender. And
this shell, ihe result of only a few
months' effort, makes thc Gcrmair
picparation of forty years as the snail
i< to a hare.
These words arc not written for
the purpose of any self-laudation of
what thc allies accomplished cliicfly
in thirty-sk months, although deserved. History will emphasize this fact
far beyond what the most of us realize today. The essential thing wc
should giasp is, not lo permit ourselves to accept in future as wc have
in thc pasl, without question, what is
declared to us by Germany, for
there is cvciy reason to believe that
a country which found its deceptive
propaganda so profitable in ycars
gone by is not going to abandon its
foi nulla when wc once-more settle
down to peace, conditions. "Wc may,
with equal advantage, each one for
himself, question the integrity and
motive of many statements which
arc made with so much assurance,
and which we meekly accept without
any other proof and authority than
that of thc speaker's-word, lf what
wc are urged to believe is so, it is
capable of proof; if the evidence docs
not support the statement, we simply
delude ourselves.
Docs anyone imagine lhat, if thc
German people who were alive on
that fateful August day, 1914, could
havc knowirwhat i.s known now, thcy
would havc gone into thc war?
Shortage Of Farm Help
The Demand Is Far in Excess of the
Supply
Regina. ��� Hon. Charles A. Dunning, minister in charge of thc bureau
of labor for the province of Saskatchewan, says that there will bc a
shoitagc of farm labor in the province this spring despite all the efforts of thc department to bring in
men.
"Wc realized over a month ago
that there would bc a shortage," said
Mr. Dunning, "and decided that
at least two thousand men would havc
to bc brought in from other provinces
if thc demand was to be met. Wc
immediately took up the question with
thc Dominion immigration official
the central clearing houses of the
various provincial employment offices throughout Canada, and have
done all in our power to bring in
men, but we find the demand far
greater than thc supply.
"We have made a special effort lo
secure men from British Columbia, as
this is thc season of tlie ycar when
there is not such a heavy call for la-
-bor at the coast, ?iid although it is
always difficult lo peisuadc men from
Briiish Columbia lo come to the prairie provinces, we were fortunate in
securing about 475 experienced farm
hands from that province. Most of
these men went direct to thc farms
but a number were distributed from
thc provincial employment agencies at
Saskatoon, Regina, Moose Jaw and
other points.
"From Kaslcrn Canada -we-wcic
able to secure only.about 350 men.
Wc arc hoping for a few hundred
more from different sources although
wc cannot possibly secure enough
men to satisfy thc needs of the many
districts which are reporting marked
shortages of farm help."
Prospectors    Could    Be    Landed
���    Unprospectcd Regions With
Supplies
The Dominion mc-mbci foi the
Yukon, Dr. Thompson, has entered a
strong appeal for the employment of
aii ships of ihe Britisii K-33 type for
the development of communications
with the Yukon. He points out that
from lidmonton to Herschel Island,
on thc Arctic, would be only about
twenty hours' flight, at the late the
R-33 is expected to travel. From Edmonton to Dawson City would bc
only fifteen hours. Since dirigibles
of the R-33 type can lifc from 30 to
60 tons, it should bc possible to usc
thcin with ���advantage in transportation in the far north. There are airplanes that can carry several tons,
but the distance.-, they tiavel, at one
flight, arc ccmpai ativel,', short, and
gasoline supply difficulties limit theni
to a moderate radius from tlicir stations. The ��as bag dirigible can slay
aloft a week or two. AP70 or 80
miles an horn it ran cross the Atlantic and return within a week. A German Zeppelin went from Bulgaria lo
German Kasl Africa and bark without landing. This is a longer trip
than any that would bc required in
the far north. ]f suitable termini
were available at certain points in
the Yukon, and perhaps at the mouth
of thc Mackenzie rivci, prospectors
could be landed in thc unprospectcd
regions, with plenty of supplies, and
communication kept up wilh them at
periods. If, says thc Toronto Mail
and Empire in commenting on Dr.
Thompson's suggestion, Canada has
to wait until the giowth of population, or the discovery of vast mineral
riches, makes tailioad extension advisable to these distant regions, it
will wait a long time. It declares
that thc air is the natural medium of
tiansport in this case, and urges Dr.
Thompson to press his case. The development of the airship, following a
successful tians-Atlantic flight, ought
lo bring ibis proposal into the arena
of practical ;>flairs.
Cascarets Work
While You Sleep
No headache, biliousness, upset stomach or constipation tomorrow
j Community Organization    j
, For Child Welfare!
spend 10 cents���feel grand I Tonight take Cascarets Ho liven your
liver and clean your bowels. Stop
the headaches, bilious spells, sourness,
gases, coated tongue, bad breath, sal-
lowncss and constipation���Take Cascarets and enjoy the nicest, gentlest
"inside cleansing" you ever experienced. Wake up feeling fine. Cascarets is best cathartic for children.
Taste like candy. No disappointment!
Thirty million boxes of this harmless,
famous cathartic arc sold each ycar
now.
Observer  Lands   On Mule
Forced to Drop When Attacked by
Combat Plane
An observer attached to thc first
army had been up for several hours
making notes on enemy infantry oi-
crations when he was suddenly a-
tacked by a single scat combat pla> e,
says thc -May Popular Mechanics
Magazine. Thc balloon crew on he
ground immediately began to haul
the big gas bag down, but lhc observer was miming no chances and look
to his parachute. This drifted well
back of the lines ancl deposited him
in thc midst of a number of grazing
army mules, and right astride one
mule. The mule, not taking kindly
to the sudden load forced on him, began to icar and plunge, starting qu'tc
a commotion among thc herd, and
thc observer vvas rescued wilh difficulty fi om his precarious position.
Unloading Grain
By Air Power
The two powerful floating pneumatic grain elevators recently put into
service at the. port of London arc admirable examples of modern British
labor-saving equipment. Each elevator floats on a 00-foot pontoon carrying a 220 horse power oil engine
which drives a high speed turbo-cx-
hattstor by means of which a partial
vacuum is caused in a suction pipe
line. Thc air rushing in at thc free
end of thc line sucks up the grain
from the vessel's hold and deposits it
in a receiving chamber, from which
il is discharged through a valve and
thereafter handled mechanically. Two
suction pipes arc provided with each
(float and they are raised and lowered
by means of an electric winch driven
by an explosion-proof electric motor.
A similar type of motor( rendered
necessary by thc inflammable dust
raised in handling grain) drives an
elevator which delivers the grain into a weigh house, where thc grain is
automatically weighed. Thence it
passes through shoots into sacks or
into hopper baiges rlongsidc the pontoon. A 35 horse power oil engine
supplies the current for power and
lighting purposes. All the plant and
equipment wcrc , British throughout.
Pneumatic elevators of this type not
only save labor by thoroughly cleaning out a ship's hold without rc-
trimming, but they arc much healthier for .the workmen than any other
equipment, as special machinery is
used for exti acting thc dust. Both
pontoons havc been in .regular service for some time and have proved
thoroughly satisfactory. Each has .a
capacity of 100-tons pcr hour when
working with wheal.
Greater Demand for Wool
Regina, Sask. ��� High prices for
wool, mutton and lambs for sonic
years to conic, is prophesied by Professor W._ II. J. Tisdalc oT the University of Saskatchewan. Thc professor believes that thc price of wool
this ycar will nol fall below 45 or
SO^ecnts pcr pound and may go even
higher. Sir Arthur Goldfinch, one of
thc greatest living authorities on thc
sheep and wool situation, reccnlly declared that thc stock of wool in" the
world's markets would be less in
1920 than in 1919. Hc estimated a
large increase in wool production, but
still larger increases iii the demand
by consumers.
Soldier Farming in Manitoba
400 Have Now Farms and are Work-
v ing Them
Winnipeg, Alan. ��� The office ��� of
thc soldiers land settlement board in
the Endciton Block is thronged with
returned men all day long. Thc
loans from thc government to lite
soldiers amount to $1,000,000 for the
month of April. Loans up to $4,500
on land, $2,000 on implements, and
$1,000 on buildings are being granted
to lhc men. Over 1,300 men havc
comc before thc qualification committee and_ 400_havc_ now f_aims_ and
are working them. If a man has no
experience in farming, hc can take a
12 weeks' course in the agricultural
college and then hc can spend two
seasons working on thc faim of some
practical tillci  of thc soil.
Cheap Luncheons
Allowed in Paris
Government. Fixes    Price    on    Food
Sold to Public
Paris. ��� Wli��^ practically an
eighteen penny luncheon���a thing unheard of in Paris since thc war began���is how available to patrons of
the cheaper Paris restaurants. This
startling return io almost pre-war
conditions is due to thc bold policy
of the government in throwing on the
market enormous stocks of foodstuffs, on condition that they arc sold
to the. public at fixed prices. The
meals consist of a cut from thc joint
or some other form of meat (95 centimes) vegetables (35 centimes) or 1
franc 80 in all. Thc only flaw in thc
picture is that 30 centimes extra is
to be charged for a table napkin
I which will almost certainly be obliga-
toiy���a chaiactcristic illustration of"
extra profit making which seems ineradicable in tli is country.
Major amputations, meaning the
loss of aim, leg, foot, hand or two
or more fingers, number 3,034 in the
entire army. Of these men 2,308 lost
a leg or an arm. Probably a general
impression would bc that thc number was much greater. The army
surgeons must have shown much skill
in saving badly shattered limbs,���
Xeu   York World
Land in Excellent Condition
Moose Jaw. ��� Sccdim; operations
arc general throughout the Baltlcford
district. Information coming fiom al!
parls of thc district Iigice that the
land is in excellent condition for .seeding, plenty of moisture being left in
the ground by lhc snow. A considerable amount of land will be summer fallowed during the present season, a result largely of thc endeavor
of thc fanners during thc war to crop
the greatest possible area. Some difficulty has been experienced in some
districts in respect to seed, but in
practically nil cases ways and means
havc been found to overcome the difficulty. A large acreage is being
seeded to oats.    ,
Arrange for Celebration
Edmonton, Alta. ��� A preliminary
meeting has been held here to arrange
to hold a stampede, fete, Mardi Gras,
or any form of celebration, to   last
it-tiee���MurfAeforRedf  one week, in honor of the many men
rajr  A Witelesaae, CSeaasasf,
B ftSIfl* Relresblig ��etf lealiif
A !__?*���� Lttiat���MurfAeforRe*
arj> sese. Soreness, Granula-
Wt %?&�� Sfc tioajtehingand Earning
B->Jr ^*^of th�� Eyes or Eyelids:
m Dttffitf�� After th* Morfes. Materia* or GoK
-*bW��T roar coa��d��efc A* J??* DroflfS!
r Maris* *bta yoar Eyo K��ed Cat* ifll
.In R*m*iT Ce,, Chtawf
W.     N,     U.     1Z62
who havc returned from overseas, or
have Wt the locality to serve in his
majesty's force?.       \    ^ -
Ever Eoticc how things that sre
none of your bit5?ness will interest
you?
Fiume Wants to Be Annexed
Rome. ��� Further details of the
meeting held in Fiume recently show-
that the national council of thc Adriatic city notified Premier Orlando
that all the "political powers. state
and municipal, had been placed in the
hands of General Graziola, who was
asked to exercise supreme authority
in thc namc of King. Victor Emmanuel. It was stated by this action,
Fiume intended officially to weld its
annexation to Italy. -   '
Offers Territory: to-Rumania	
London. ��� Thc Hungarian communist government, a wireless message from Budapest says, has offeree?
the Rumanian government territorial
concessions and requested an immediate cessation of hostilities.
India rubbes was used for the first
time as an eraser in 1770. It was,
however, many ycars later before
il was put into general use. Prior
to this lhe < riinib of bread was used
for ciasing purposes.
MOTHER! YOUfl CHILD
S CROSS, FEVERISH,
FROM CONSTIPATION
If   tongue   is   coated,   breath   bad,
, stomach sour, clean liver
and bowels.
All Must Co-operate Sympathetically
and Efficiently    -
lt needs moic than intelligent individual effort on the part of moth-
cis and others concerned if child
life is to bc conserved, ancl the wastage of this precious national resource
prevented in thc 'future. Some
things can only be secured by community action. All must co-operate
sympathetically and efficiently -if all
thc children of thc community are to
bc properly protected. Thc most efficient anil conscientous mother
works against heavy odds if there is
a laxity throughout thc community
wilh regard to such matters as cleanliness, epidemics and moral environment. Thc childicn of even the
cleanest homes are never entirely
safe as long as dirt ancl disease arc
allowed to harbor in any section. A
slum or shack district is a menace to
the whole community, and the more
fortunate people who live in thc
more favorable surroundings often
pay heavily for their selfish indifference to thc well-being of those of
their neighbors who arc less fortunate. Social service not only brings
its benefits to those served, but, very
often to those who serve. And in
thc sphere of child welfare it, not
infrequently, proves to bc a most
effective means of self-protection.
Children catch one .anothcrs diseases, hence thc necessity for community hygiene. Disease producing
germs abhor cleanliness, but thrive in
filth. They arc soon destroyed by
sunlight, but survive long iit dirt,
dampness and darkness. Some day
our enlightened communities will insist ou a minimum of cleanliness and
decent living conditions. All children should havc the same chance, and
whatever is necessary to secure this
should bc the concert) of all.
A largc-proportion of the waking
hours of most growing children is
spent outside the home, where they
arc exposed to moral as well as physical contamination. It is manifestly
in the interest of all thc children ancl
homes that parents should lake an
intelligent interest in other children
than their own, and by united action,
raise thc standard of the whole physi-'
cal and^moral environment-of childhood. Much could bc done if existing agencies wcre~bettcr supported
There is need for very much
sympathetic co-operation between
parents and thc public school. The
same is undoubtedly line of thc
Sunday school. This institution is today the most effective one wc havc,
making for thc moral uplift of childhood, but with a more sympathetic
backing its possibilities for increased
efficiency along this line arc almost
limitless. Thc public support of the
health authorities would also make
for the elimination of epidemics, pure
milk and water, supply, and sanitation. And w'hen communities learn
to appreciate, better than thcy do
now, the paramount -importance of
thc child, thcy will find time to organize for the study of the problems
of childhood, and thc piotcction and
promotion of the interests of their
children..
I
innagBPooj
FOR CANADA'S BROAD ACRES
Tut up a fence that will last a lifetime���a fence tint
Bfin't MB ��r break down���that will bold a wild horse���that
bogs can't none through���that can't rust���a fence that
Btand.1 rough nance bv animals or weather and is auaran-
t��od.   PKliRU'.SS tEKKECTION Fencing Is made of
Heavy Open Hearth Steel Wire with all <he Impurities
burned out and aU tho Btrength and toughnes9 left In.
Heavily galvanized.   Every Intersection la locked together
I with the Peerless Lock.
.     stiff ,fttay wires keep ltr!c!d.n>aI[!n��f0ir��rBo��tflD��eofis��TT.   8��nd
for Caular tcditr.    IVa.attractive, intereitliir. veil worth Uie atomD.
Be*', ocalom throughout luida handle oar cotaralata line.
. THE BANWELL-HOXIE WIRE FENCE CO., Ltd.
Wlonleef, Maelteb*   , Hmllten, Ontario
1!
Mercantile Fleet
Wiped Off Seas
Only Smaller .Ships Will Be Left to
Germany
Paris. ��� Germany's great merchant
fleet will bc practically swept from
thc seas, under the terms of the economic section of thc peace treaty, thc
United Press learns fiom an authoritative source. This involved features
of  (he treaty, which established pre-
Y-MX-A^ Notes
New Reconstruction Program.
Association Needs $1,100,000 to Carry
On Work
'Die Young Men's Christian Association, of whose invaluable, offices
performed during thc war, continued
during demobilization, and to bc continued  indefinitely, thereafter on  bc-
war commercial    relations     between   h.,u -., ..��������,   ,      ,,.        ...
,    , . i n.ut of returned soldiers, it is-supcr-
Germany and the associated powers,
is thc first to be entirely completed,
lt was submitted to lhe "big three"
and approved.
Only thc smaller ships will bc left
to Germany. All those now held-by
America will remain, so, being placed
under the jurisdiction of congress.
It is possible some confiscated ships
may bc chartered back to Germany
if she needs them to -save her commercial lifc, but thc earnings of the
ships in such an event will be turned
over to the allies, putting Germany
in the position of doing business
through foreign bottoms. This phase
was taken up with the reparations
co'mmission since ships arc as valuable as gold at present and may bc
applied to thc first indemnities' payment. -
"Black   Watch"    The   Best   Black
Plug Chewing Tobacco on the Market
Poles Drive Back Reds
Wish to Protect Inhabitants Against
Invasion"
Paris. ��� Polish foi ees having diiv-
cu the Bolshcviki from Vilna, are
marching on Minsk, according to information given the Temps, by M.
Wasilcwski, former Polish foreign
minister. In connection with thc Pol-
more; is'1 operations in Lithuania the former minister said that thc Polish diet
hail voted llic-following,  declaration:
"Thc Polish ministry activity In
Lithuania is not meant for thc purpose of anticipating the decisions oi
thc peace conference or to annex territory to Poland against the will ol
thc inhabitants. It? only purpose is
lo protect thc inhabitants against in
vasion."
Thc liberation of white Russia and
Lithuania, M. Wasilcwski added,
v\oulei put an end lorBol. hcviki plans
to invade Poland through these territories.
fluous to remind anyone,    needs $1,-,
100,000 to be raised in a great Dominion campaign, May 5-9.
This campaign is promoted by the
national council of Young Men's
Christian Associations of Canada. The.
money will be spent in a new and ex- "
tended program, which the "Y" plans
to aid, in a~carcfu11y thought out way,
the great after-\varctask of Canadian
reconstruction. Heretofore, most of
thc Y.M.C.A. work has been done in
thc cities and towns; but in the new
piogram there arc three-departments
of rural work, taking in all thc sinal-
lcr towns, villages, hamlets-and open -
country." In fact, one of thc chief objectives of the campaign is to--carry
thc Y.M.C.A. and its influence, which
has always been exerted for good,"to-
thc hamlets and country places _that -
havc heretofore only- been "reached
on rare occasions by the." travelling
secretaries.    ��� ' .
Full financial support is needed- to
enable. the association to prosecute
w itli vigor and to successful issue its
ncw program. The Y.M.C.A. is a
body whicli necessarily .and deservedly depends upon public;contribution
in. money. None of the funds given
it beyond bare and essential expenses
are absorbed by the organization itself. Donations arc administered in -
good works, ably systematized, eminently and permanently profitable,
not only individually, but in the sum
nationality.
The Young Men's Christian- Asso- -
ciation has striven in all its activities
to bc the ally of thc Christian church.
The essentially Christian idea of. service permeates every branch of its
work and .ministers. of all existing
."'churches arc its willing.auxiliaries.
Canadians in Siberia
A return in parliament by thc
minister of militia, at the request of
Mr. Tobin, shows that at the signing of the armistice, November II,
1918, tbe number of Canadian fighting men who had proceeded to Siberia vas 659.' Of this number 493
were volunteers and 166 draftee? under thc M.S.A,
Give "'California Syrup of Figs" at
once���a teaspoonful today often saves
a sick child tomorrow.
If-yonr little one is- ont-of-sorts,
half-sick, isn't resting, eating and tct-
ing naturally���look. Mother! sec if
tongue i�� coated. This is a sure sign
that i��s ';*Mc stomach, liver and bowels are clogged with waste. When
cross, irritable, feverish, stomach sour,
breath bad or has ttoinach-aclx*. diarrhoea, sore throat, full of cold, give
a teaspoonful of "California Syrup of
Figs," and in a few hours all the
constipated poison, undigested food
and sour bile gently moves out of its
little bowels without pnninp- ^nd you
have a well, playful child again.
- Mothers can Test easilv aftcr trivine
this harmless "fruit laxative." because
it never fails to cleanse thc little, one's
liver and bowels and sweeten the
stomach and thcy dcarlv love its
pleasant taste. Full directions for
babies, children of al! acres and for
grown-ups printed on each bottle.
Beware, of counterfeit fig svrups.
A��k vour druggist for a bottle of
"California Syrup of Figs;" then see
that it is made by the ""California
Fig Syrup Company."
Recovering Stolen Goods
French and Belgians Taking Effective
""Measures Against -Receivers
Paris, -j- Although there have been
complaints of thc delay in recovering
stolen machinery from Germany, thc
French and Belgians at Aix-la-Cha-
pellc are getting back a good deal of
it, and, at thc same lime, talcing effective measures against thc'receivers. Surprise visits arc paid lo cs-
_tab]ishineiits_iii _whic_h _its..prescn ce_ is
suspected. Wherever 'anything of
French or Ilelgian origin is found, thc
date and maiMier of it* acquisition
arc ascertained from thc firm's books.
When, as generally happens, the
explanations arc unsatisfactory, the
persons implicated arc arrested, and
released on bail pending further enquiry���the bail taking'thc form of a j
mortgage on the factory. Much German industrial propci ly is in this
way passing into French and Belgian
hands. Thc bail requircer'is often as
much as $100,000, aud one establishment alone���that of Messrs. Wirth���
has been loaded in this manner with
a mortgage of $1,250,000.
Settlers for Peace River District
Edmonton, Alia. ��� The rush to thc
Peace Kiver district has, been started
for this spring and summer. Supt.
Wilson, of thc immigration hall, says
that for thc last few weeks there has
been an average of between 180 ami
.190 Americans and soldiers who have
gone north. Some of these, he stated, went io Grand Prairie, and others i
farther north. This average does not i
include all that havc gone north, Mr.
Wilson stated, as many go and never
cal! at the immigration hall. Thc
greater majority of these people who
arc going north arc Americans who
have heard of. tlic great possibilities
in thc Peace River district. Some of
thesc^ people arc going to take tip
land for farming, others arc going in
for mining-, and others for speculation.
Socialists to Meet Conference
Amsterdam. ��� The internationalist
Socialist conference in session at Arn-
heim has adopted a resolution op.-
posing any peace in contradiction 16
President Wilson's 14 points. In view
of the uneasiness caused -by thc decisions at thc Paris conference! it is
announced, thc Socialist organization
will send its executive committee to
Paris to demand an interview "with
thc council of four and will insist
upon the necessity of a solution in
conformity with thc decisions of thc
Berne  conference.
Independence for Palestine
Amsterdam. ���Thc : iternattonal socialist conference in session at Arn-
hciifFhns "passed"'a _ resolution ""tliat
Palestine should bc an independent
state and should bc admitted to lhc
league of nations.
'The population of Oak Bay, V.I.,
shows an increase of about 500 since
1915.
War Prisoners    -
.   To Be Liberated
As Geimany Contributes to Work of
Reconstruction
Paris, ��� Thc council of five at its
meeting, La Libcrte'says, agreed that
thc Gcrihan war "prisoners shall be
liberated after thc signing of , the>
peace treaty. The. prisoners .will be
released gradually as "Germany contributes to the work of reconstruction
exacted by thc treaty "and in proportion to this contribution.
Thc newspaper says that details
concerning thc future' status of the
Kiel canal "���have not yet been settled,
but that an agreement has been
reached on tlic principle of internationalization.
"My dear," said Mr. Hawkins to
his better half, "do you know you've
one of-the best voices in-lhc-world?"
"Jndccd," said the-delighted Mrs.
Hawkiirs, with a flush of pride at
thc compliment, "Do" you~rcally think
sor
?��
"I certainly do," replied the heartless husband," "otherwise it would
have been wbrn out long,ago."
CLEAN THE BLOOD
To Have New Theatre
Red Deer, Alta. ��� A new grand
theatre is being built at a cost of approximately ��30,O0O. It will have a
seating capacity of 850, and will lit
available both for moving pictures
and %-audevillc.
Thc belle in the choir often bring:*
more young ricn to church than thc
&ell in the steeple.
Taken from Nature ��� The wild roots and barks that go into the
composition of one of the oldest nnd best known blood tonics are
mostlv gathered by thc Indians on our reservations ��� brought or
shipped to Dr. Pierce's Laboratory in Buffalo, N. Y. Over fifty
years ago Dr. Pierce put up an alterative tonic without the use of
alcohol that poon Ijecame known all over the world.
Thc spring is the time of the year we should put our house ia
order. We're run down after a hard Tvinter ��� after grippe, colds,
catarrh. It's time to lake Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery,
purely vegetable and free from alcohol or narcotics. It will search
out impure and poisonous matter and drive it from the system. Buy
it now in tablets or liquid.
It will clear thc akin; eczema, pimples, rash, blotches will dry up
and disappear; boils, carbuncles and other evidences of tainted blood
will pass away, never to appear again.."
Dr. Pierce discovered 50 years ago, that Nature has provided
freely for these needs of her children and that in her laboratory were
the remedies. Extracts of Queens root, Stone root, Black Cherry-
bark and Bloodroot, as prepared, combined and preserved without
alcohol, in Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery, constitute the most
effective and certain tonic, alterative and tissue te'traildiDg reme^f
.��ver offered to tbe public/ xxxr-'
li
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TILE     LEDGE.     OJREEXWOOD.     B.     C.
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Secure a $5,000 Protection and/Savings Policy ��
Age 20���$108.9C"       Age 30���$130.20 Annually ��
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Write for pamplet to-day        ��� 5
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WINNIPEG     SASKATOON     EDMONTON     VANCOUVER   'g
i T
JSVOW COUGHif
and COUGMERif!
Coughing
Spreads
Disease*
vtour 3osRORr-si0RrcovGtir
HALF THU TOR CHILDREN
Wood's Ehospkodxaa,
The  Great   JUngJish   Remedy.
Tones and invigorates tho wholo
I nervoua aystein, makes new Blood
in old Vcina, Curt* A'ervoua
Debility, Mental and Vrain Worry, Vcnon.
deney, I.osi cf Knergy, J'alpitation cf tht
Heart, Failing Memory/. Tries St per box, six
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druggists or mailed in plain pt(j. on receipt ot
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MBWDRAatElTASTILXtUroRMor BAST TO TARfl
HERAPION ���xxx.*.
'-- MAT TRADE UARXBD WORD  'TMERAHOlC IS OM
MVT.ttMU UIIIU TO AU OMIVIXSMCUI*
SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON
LESSON FOR MAY 11���SIN AND
ITS CONSEQUENCES
U.S*to Leave Archangel
Archangel. ������ The U.S. troops
are gi actually being withdrawn
fiom the front lines, preparatory to their departure when
the haibor opens. As far, as
possible thcy arc being lcplac-
ed by new Russian hoops who
aic being schooled at lhe fiont
by Briiish and United States officers and non-commissioned officers.
Would Do Their Best
S���. ^ ~*J��'7V jP**^wF*Vf A" olU'ook l,P��u l'le world proves
u|i| *&W B^H thal man is 110t wl,at hc shou](l be
^Jr~~~^^~-y~     Then, too,  apart from    gospel influ
cnc,e tlicic is no sign of improvement
Thc only way of accounting for the
discrepancy between what man is and
what he should be is by the fall. This
is the way that thc Bible accounts for
it. The introduction of sin is the
answer,
1.   The Temptation  (Gen. 3:1-6)
.Man  posscs;.cd  a Jree  will,  in  thc
exercise of which    he tinned     away
floin God and his commandment. This
rHlNiWFRiNCHiKMiDV. N.i.M.iNJ.    was done at the iuslaucu'of the devil
THERAPION Hotuf.'-.S    working th.ough lhc serpent.   Hc did
not appear as he i catty wits, but in
disguise.   The method employed was
(1) finding the woman while    alone;
(2) insinuating doubt into tier mind
as to God's wotd and love. At his
suggestion she began lo believe that
God did not mean what lie said, and
that he was unkind in placing rcsliic-
tions upon thcm. In this lhe devil
slandered God, even accusing thc Almighty of jealousy and fiaud. (3)
Appeal to innocent appetite. (4) Shc
gazed upon thc fruit which God had
forbidden. Looking soon bcgal lust.
(5) She lu^cd after7ilwt which God
had forbidden. 'That which God has
forbidden should nol be looked al
lest the flesh should lust for it.
- 2.   Thc Fall (3:6-8).
Ftoni lusting to 'indulgence was a
shoit step. This act of disobedience
has brought on all -the woild's woe
and'iniscry. Eve not only disobeyed,
but involved Adam iif her sin. Aspiring to be gods, they became thc
slaves of sin. Thcy came to know-
Swift Curient, Sask. ��� Great pro-  tr��0cl and evil, but by sad experience.
Thcy knew sin without tlic -power lo
free themselves from it.    -
3. The Consequences of thc Fall
(3:9-24).
1.    Thc disturbed relationship with
British in Asia Minor
London. ��� ll is said, as .t piecau-
tion against possible 'niassactcs of
Christians, Biitish forces Ikuc occupied Sam Sun, Maisivni, Ainmasia,
Tokala and Scbasta, towns on the
southern shore of the Black sea in
A^ia Minor and in thc Iiintcilaud.
Uncle Sam Hodge came down fiom
tlic Kentucky mountains with his
yearly produce to market.. His team
of oxen was somewhat wcaiy with a
two days' haul. But when Sam 1 cached tlie city limits he was confiontcd
wilh the sign: "Speed limit, fifteen
miles an hour." Hc pulled his whiskers a moment in silent meditation,
and then drawled out to his oxen.
"Well, I know dain well we'll never
make it, but we'll do our doggone
best."
She Wants To Tell
All Her Friends
The
Great    Relief   She    Found
Dodd's Kidney Pills
in
the Cause of
Heart Trouble
Faulty digestion causes the
generation of gages ia the
stomach which inflate and pre��i
down on the heart and interfere
with its regular action, causing
faintness and pain. IS to 30
drops of Mother Seigel's Csritive
Syrup af terjneals sets digestion
right,whiclf allows tha heart to
|teat full and regular. 9
Many Farmers
-Finish Seeding
grcss has been-made with seeding operations throughout the'whole of the
. Swift Current district during tltc
particularly 'fine cropping weather
that has prevailed for thc,%past ten
days. Many farmers havc completed
tlicir work' and others are rapidly
rushing theirs ahead. *    From      the
������' north and west districts come-reports
of immense" areas successfully seeded, and in several instances .the wheat
is already above the ground. .
GainingZWdght
Feeling Fine
Was All Run Down,- Tired, and  Ex-
,  hausfed. Before Beginning_the
Use of the Great
Food Cure
. Scxsmiih, Alta., May 13.���This   is
tlie cheering sort of letter "that comes
, from people who -have used Dr.
Chase's Nerve Food. This treatment
forms ncw, rich blood and rich blood
builds up thc depleted nerve .cells
until tlie thrill of ncw life and energy
is felt in every organ afid member of
the human body.
Because Mr. Edwards was also
having some trouble with thc liver
and kidneys he also used Dr.
Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills to awaken
the action of these filtering organs.
The combined use of these medicines
, usually produces most excellent results, even in the most complicated
cases. .
-- Mr. -Stephen- D. -Edwards,-Sex-
smith, Alta., writes:
"My nervous system was alt run
down, and I also suffered with my
liver and kidneys. I could not sleep
at night, and got up in thc morning
feeling tired and uurefrcshed. I used
to feel as if I wanted to die. In reading Dr. Chase's Almanac I noticed
the number of letters from people
who had been benefitted by the usc
of Dr. Chase's Nerve Food and Kidney-Liver Fills, so I commenced using ttiis combined treatment. It has
done mc a great deal of good, for I
can now sleep well and do not havc
that horrid feeling I used to havc in
the mornings. I am gaining in weight
and feel much better generally."
Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, 50 cents
a box, a full treatment of 6 boxes for
$2.75, Dr, Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills,
25 cents a box, at all dealers, or Ed-
manson, 'Bates & Co., Ltd., Toronto.
Do not bc talked into accepting a
substitute. Imitations only disappoint.
God (v. 9, 10): The familiar inter-^
course which man enjoyed with thc
Almighty-was marred,and broken by
sin. .Sin makes lifc intolerable in thc
divine presence". Adam and,Eve not
only hid from God's presence, but
Adam began to ,makc excuses�� and
even laid the blame on God.'
2. The serpent was 'degraded and
henceforth became a type of sin and
Satan (v. 14; cf. Num. 21:9; Jolih 3:
H; Rev. 12:9). This doom was" pro;
nousiccd without trial.- In thc case of
man it was not so.    .
3. .The undying enmity between
the two seeds (v.* 15; cf. John 8:40-
45; Matt. 23:33). .The, antagonism
thus begun reached its climax" in ttic
crucifixion of Christ. 'Satan's seed has
been ever since endeavoring to destroy the Lord's work aiid his workers.
4. Tlic ultimate victory of the woman's seed (v. 15). Satan harassed
the woman's seed; bruised his heci.
but finally tlic stroke was made which
crushed tlie serpent's head (John 12:
31; Hcb..2:14; 1 John 3:8). This wks
thc first gleam of thc glorious light
of the gospel of.Christ. Thc victory
was marvelous, bufe the cost was infinite (Isa. 33; 2 Cor. 5:21).-
5. --Judgment upon the woman (v.
I6).=This rotates to"her as:a wife-and
mother; also to her subordination to
man. This is God's decree, and all
efforts of freeing one's self from it
are fighting against God. '   .
6. Man's new relationship to thc
earth (v. 17-19). Tlie cartli was
cursed on his account. Because of thc
rank growth of "thorns and thistles
man must make au increased effort to
exist. Man. with his sinful nature
would be in a bad state without the
necessity of toil (Rom. 8:19-22).
7. Death (v. 19). This includes
physical and spiritual death���both the
result of sin.
8. Expulsion from thc garden (v.
24). This was an act of great mercy.
To have partaken'of the tree of life
and live forever in a sinful state
would havc been intolerable.
Mrs. Jones, of Alberta, After Two
Years of Neuralgia, Headache and
Rheumatism, Is Enthusiastic Over
What Dodd's Kidney Pills Have
Done for Her.
Give, Alia, May 5th, (Special).���
Aftci two yeais of suflciitig from neu-
lalgia, lumbago, and rheumatism,
Mrs. Jones, a highly respected resident hcie, is telling her fiiends that
shc owes tier new lease of health to
Dodd's Kidney Pills.
"I cannot iccommcud Dodd's Kidney Pills too much," Mrs. Jones
stales in her enthusiasm. "I would
not usc any other kind.
1 "I do not know tlic cause of iny
trouble, but I know it dragged along
for two ycars���and in lhat time I
sufTcicd fi om ciamps in my muscles,
neuialgia, headache' and lumbago.
"My sleep was broken and nine-
freshing, I had dark circles aiound
my eyes and [ was always tired and
nenous. I was low spirited, my
uncmory was failing, my limbs were
heavy and my ankles swelled.
"I took six or seven'boxes of
Dodd's Kidney Pills and thcy di^l mc
so much good t feel like telling every j
body about it.'.'
All Mrs. Jones' .troubles are symptoms of kidney trouble. If you havc
any two of them ask your neighbors
if Dodd's Kidney Pills will nol help
you.
With
EGYPTIAN LINIMENT
For Sale by all Dealers
Douglas & Company, Napanee, OnL.
Bigger Than. They Thought
"Huh! .lingland is a small country."'
"Yes'."     '
"I could walk over il iu a few
weeks."   v
"Maybe you could, but 70 million
Germans tried for four years lo walk
over England and failed."
German Houses
Buy British Goods
Occupied Territory Gives Firms- Op-
poi tunny for Good Trade
Cologne. ��� Biilish maiiufactiiicrs
have begun to sell goods in occupied
tcirilory. Major Loinax, icprcscnting
several West YorWiiic woollen firmb
has arranged for- the delivery of a
laigc quantity of cloth to a huge
Cologne firm. lie icniaiks, as an illustration of the. eagerness of local
merchants to resume trade" lelations
with Ltigland, thai lie could have'sold
$2,500,000 woith of woollens if it had
been possible to -deliver the goods.
The merchants prefer Biitish textiles,
and tlie mere announcement that the
first consignment has been seemed
has resulted in a rush of outers. An
ordinary lounge suit of dm able cloth
now costs at least 1,000 marks, and it
is impossible < t6 purchase even thc
cheapest shoddy for lets than 500
marks.    v
Major Lomax is lhe fust civilian
to outer Cologne on behalf of British
manufacture! s German business men
are cnquiiing daily of the authoiities
how permission may be obtained for
getting into touch witli Britisii firms.
Tlie latter undoubtedly have the preference by reason of the quality of
their goods, as well as their' prices,
whicli are distinctly lower than those
quoted by Fiench and Belgian manufacturers.
Use Miller's Worm Powders' and
tlic battic against ,,worms is won.
These powders correct the morbid
conditions of the stomach -which
nourish worms, and those destructive
parasites cannot exist after thcy come
in coiitact_wilh the -medicine." The
worms arc digested by thp powders
and arc speedily evacuated with other
refuse from the -bowels. Soundness
is imparted to lhe organs and the
health 'of the child steadily improves.
Havc you given what you do nol
want? Then expect only what you
do not want.
Minard's     Liniment
Friend
Lumberman's
Ready, to Manufacture Pulp
Vancouver, B.C. ��� Thc plant df the
Whaien Pulp &��� Paper Co., Ltd., Vancouver, located at Port Alice, west
coast of Vancouver island, is now receiving ils finishing touches, and will
bc manufacturing 70 tons of pulp
daily in thc near future. It is expected that over 800 men will be required for the various operations, including logging and saw milling.
Will Supply Trees
Moose Jaw. ��� Thc Rotary club
lias made arrangements with tlic city
officials for the planting of_ trees on
tlic same babis as last year. The. Rotary club is looking after thc receiving .pf applications and the'work- of
���planting will be done by the city gardener's staff.
Tlic club will supply trees to all
who make application, the only requirement being that citizens shall excavate and prepare- the ground.
Germans Gaining Ground at Munich
Geneva'. ��� German government
troops arc attacking Munich and violent fighting is going -on, thc Josses
being heavy ou bolti sides, according
to advices received here by way of
Basle.
The government troops are said lo
bc gaining ground. Munich is virtually isolated from the rrst of Germany.
Locomotive Efficiency
Biitish Turn Out Locomotives For
Every Purpose
It sometimes happens that an invention pioneered in one counliy is
taken up by another and developed
more rapidly and successfully than in
its original home. This did not occur, however, with tltc invention
which created tho modern industrial
era���the steam engine Both iu the
stationary foim and in lhe locomotive British engineers havc never lost
the lead which lhc genius of Walt
and Stephenson gave them For speed
and efficiency thc pciiounanccs of thc
modem Biitish locomoti%ej aic 1111-
suipassed. During thc war Biitish
railways cairicd an enormously increased tiaffic although hundreds of
locomotives wcrc sent 10 France, and
some even as far as Mesopotamia, for
militaiy transport purposes. Jn
Fiance and Ftaudcis, moreover, hundreds of miles of light lailw ays-were
constructed and equipped for locomotive and rolling stock factories in
Britain. New types of engine wcrc
rapidly evolved for this unusual form
of tiansport; aud Sir Douglas Haig
has testified to the lemaikable efficiency of thc'locotuoliyos and other
equipment tinned out in huge quantities at short 'notice. The success of
the British locomotive works iu this
phase of Tliilitary engineering is due
in part to thc fact that for many
ycais they havc been turning out locomotives for every variety of special
puiposc���mines, quairics, docks, plantations, factories and so oii���in every
pait of the-world. The experience
they have gained during the war will
be therefore of positive assistance in
solving thc transport problems of
countries overseas. - M01 cover, the
war has inci cased their productive
capacity and encotnag d the adoption
of means fot achieving a moic rapid
output of locomotives with steel and
other metals of thc highest grade and
machined within thc finest limits of
precision.
3S9
WAGSTAFFE'S
Real  Seville*",
Orange
Marmalade
All Orange and Sugar���'
No camouflage. j
Boiled with care in Stiver Pans.
ASK YOUR GROCKR FOR IT.
Proposals Threaten
Albania's Existence
Volpna Is' Albanian Port Occupied
by Italians
Paris. Tlic town of Volpna whicli
President Wilson said should belong
to Italy in hisg^icnioiandtim to Premier Orlando, niade public heic is
not on tlic Dalmatian coast, but is an
Albanian poit now occupied by Italians. The Albanian delegation here
is much exercised over this recommendation and say that a seizure of
Volpna by Italy would start a movement which would threaten the dis-
mcnibeimcnt of Albania. ���
Picmier Vciiizetos has based on
Italy's possession of Volpna a claim
on the .Albanian islands for Greece,
���and the -Serbians, encouraged by this
action, are making proposals whicli
arc said to bc threatening Albania's
existence.
Minard's "Liniment Co., Limited.
[ was very sick( with Quinsy and
thought I would strangle. I used
MLNARD'S LINIMENT and it cured mc at once. I am never without
it now. ��� '
Vouts gratefully,
-MRS. C. D. rRIXCli.
Nauwigcwauk,  Oct. 21sl.
Will Have Swimming Pool
Moose Jaw, Sask. ��� The city council will make au effort to secure the
co-operation of the labor men in providing a swimming pool for tlic boys
and girls of" thc city. The., scheme
is for the city to give the site, thc
merchants to put up, the money for
thc material and thc labor men to do
thc. construction work-free of all
charge.
BUNIONS NO JOKE
Not to the man who has to move
about, but a slight application of
"Putnam's" softens the thickest tissue
and cures tlie bunion quickly. Jlist as
good for warts, lumps, and callouses
is Putnam's Painless Corn Kttractor.
Usc no-othcr,-25c-at-all dealers	
Woman Airplane Expert
Mrs.
HAD WEAK and
FAINTING SPELLS
"Black   Watch"    Thc   Best   Black!    1'J'Osc frrlmgs^f faintpess,    those
Plug Chewing Tobacco on the Marked',vf-r    aU goIlc    *ln*mK ^'is.nions.
! which  come over -some people  from
I time to lime, arc warnings that must
not go unheeded.
Thcy mean an extremely weakened
condition of thc hoatt and a disoid-
crcd nervous system.
When the system is in this rendition tticrc is no time  for delay. One
be recovered frori
Russian Reds Losing Ground
. Paris.���Dr. Fridtjof Xanscn's plan
for the_ncutrals to supply food to
Moscow and Pctrograd is apparently
manking little headway. As yet he has
been unable to communicate with
Nikolai Lcnine, the Bolsheviki premier of Russia, and the opposition   to
I j \oti insist upon being a worm
don't complain when the world plants
a foot 011 yon '���New York J'.vening
Sun.
SpanTdngdoesn'tcurebed-wettiug.
���the trouble is due to weakness
of tlie internalorg-aus. My successful home treatment will be found
helpful". Send uo money, but
writs me today. My treatment
is equally successful for adults,
troubled with urinary difficulties.
MZ, H SLIDERS, Bes 42 Wietim.QsL
W,     &     Tf.
1262
fainting bpcll may
���wilt the next? One di/.zy spell
may pas-> off. but the next ma>- be
more serious.
thc plan among the Russians here as!.  T,,��5,9 vvh.�� *r,c xvi>c "ili SI"rt 1-'-!:-
.  .- r ,. .* 1.  1 1     ���, ���  ing Milburn s Heart and Nerve  Tills,
representative of tue anti-Holslicviki jbe-for(. t!lcir-���.<.. becomes deep ,oct-
govcrnments and in thc I-rcnch prcs�� ' cd and perhaps hopeless,
is becoming more pronounced. )     They  will  act directly  on  thc  dis-
Thc  defeat  of  the     Bolshcviki    at
htart -uid weakened
nervous
to - full
ordered
,-...,,, ,      system and    restore    ih��.m
Kiev, in the Archangel sector, on tho 1 strength  and  \igor.  -
- Miss Mary McCoy, Atgoma   Mills,
Ont.'^ writes:���"I was awfully troubl-
Baltic front and along thc two
branches of the. trans-Siberian--railroad, is regarded by Nicholas Tschai-
kovsky, head of the provisional'government of northern Russia-, as, proof
that transportation facilities are failing thc Bolsheviki and that they arc
no longer able to shift their armies
quickly enough  to meet attacks.
There is only one way to acquire
wisdom, b��t when it comes to making a fool of himself anian can have
his choice    of a thousand    different
ways.      '
eel with faintingand \veak spelts, and
I could never get any doctor's medi-
cinesto help me. One day a friend
of mine was at the house when I
took one of those spells, and shc got
me a box o�� Milburn's _ Heart and
Nerve Pills. That was siv ycars ago,
and from that day to this I have never had any of those spells. I would
not bc without your pills for any
money, and can highly recommend
thcm to any one." \
Milburn's Heart and ' Nerve Pills
are SOc a box at all dealers, or mailed direct on receipt of-price by The
T. Milbura Co., Limited, Toronto,
Oat. .
Hewlett,  rWife    of    Novelist,
Started Factory in England
London. ��� Mrs, Maurice I[i.\v!crt,
who was tlie first Englishwoman tc
qualify as an airplane pilot, and who
knows more about aii plane construction and flying generally, than, in all
probability, any other member of
her sex in Europe, has left for tne
United States on her way to NVw
Zealand.
Mrs. Hewlett, who is the wife of
thc distinguished novelist, started
an airplane factory in England so.ne j
yiars before the war, which, beginning in a small way, has now developed into a huge plant. Having
maintained this factory throughout
thc war and turned out a great tium-
bct of military machines for thc
Uritish government, Mrs. Hewlett is
now going to help in development of
aviation, in New Zealand, says an interviewer, who found her Just before
<dw sailed, at tier airplane factory
near    l��rookland��,    which shc carries
-Pills of Attested Value.���Parmelce's
Vegetable Pills aie the result of careful study of the propcities of.certain
roots and herbs, and the action of
such as sedatives and laxatives on the
digestive apparatus. Thc" success the
compounders have met with attests
the value of their work, These pills
havc been recognized for many ycars
as the best cleansers" of the-system
that can bc got. Their excellence was
recognised from thc first and thcy
grow more popular daily.
Aviation Grounds
In Ireland Are Superb
Admitted by* Experts to Be One of
Best in United Kingdom ..
Belfast. ��� Ireland, by reason of its
geographical position, will play an
important part in thc development of
travelling by airship. There is now-
being rapidly completed al Alder-
grovc, County Antrim, a magnificent
airdrome,' which will probably be one
of thc stations for the trans-Atlantic
flight and later on thc Ulster centre
for tlic expected postal service and
pleasure aerial cruisers. Twelve
months ago the park, which is 23
miles from Belfast by rail, was agricultural land; today it is admitted by
experts, who have inspected it, to
bc one of thc best aviation grounds
in tlie United Kingdom.
It was orilj* at thc end of June last
tliat a start was made with the work,
and in spite of the bad weather and
the lack of skilled labor, tlie 400 acres
which constitute thc park, were cleared and drained. Meanwhile the foundations for the first hangar were laid,
and it has been completed for sonic
time. It is divided into three conv
partmcnts.-eacli 150-feet-wide.- -Thc
foundations of a second and larger
hangar were laid, but the work was
suspended wlien the armistice was
signed. The administration offices,
men's rooms, and sleeping quarters
for thc 120 men, who will form thc
! mechanical staff, arc rapidly ap
proacliiug completion. Water has
been brought from Lough Neagh, a
distance of two miles, and a railway
lji mites long, and connecting with
the Great Northern (Ireland) sys
tern, encircles the park. The Royal
Air Force buildings arc situated on
another part of thc grounds
HOW'S THIS?
We offer $100.00 for any case of
catarrh that cannot be cured by
IIALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE.
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE
is taken internally and acts through
thc Blood on tlic Mucous Surfaces of
the System.
Sold by druggists for over forty
ycars.
Price 75c    Testimonials free.
I". J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio
Looking for Oil
Calgaij. Alta. ��� Five geological
on with Iter French partner, if. Blon- .' survey parties havo started work for
dean. She is smalt, .slender and ex-[the Imperial Oil company iu thc field
cccdingly r.hrt.    and    w.15    clad in a least aud west of Edmonton, between
a j cast aud west of Edmonton,
serge gown, coveivd by voluminous! the Rocky Mountain* and Battleford,
and businesslike blue overalls, rn Jand including thc Vikinsr district. The
the intervals of thc convcrbation she I parties thai havc now commenced op-
answi.rcd trloplioiie inquiries at to > (-rations for thc season arc headed by
skids, front plate-, and engine IcvLrsJ Mcssr?. Hopkins Campbell, Chose,
in an cxcccdin?I> matter of fact and j l��iuCrii-k and-Boggs, each of whom
expert  fashion.
May Not Try Kaiser
Inaction on. Report Prevents Its Inclusion in Treaty
Paiis. ��� Doubt has arisen whether
tlic responsibility of the former German emperor w'ill bc included in .the
peace ticaly, owing to the failure of
the plenary session to lake action on
thc repoit of thc council of four, recommending liis prosecution.
Parliamentarians say that thc council might still include" ils report in
tlic treaty, but as the subject is one
on which thc plenary conference ordered the repoit, inaction on the report prevents its inclusion in the
treaty unless the expected secret
plenary session of the conference directs further action.
GOLD
Send for our special market
letter on gold and silver stocks.
On request wc will send our
illustrated booklet worth seeing
and keeping.
We arc especially interested
in the "North Davidson," the
coming big pioduccr of the Porcupine Camp. Development has
pi oven it to have an immense
body of liigli grade ore. Mills
and machinery havc already
been purchased for thc North
Davidson, having a capacity of
200 tons per day. Get some of
this stock at 75c per share. Ttie
investment will give you large
returns.
L G. HARRIS & CO.
Stock Brokers and Mine
Operators
1601 Royal Bank Building
TORONTO
Bankers: Thc Sterling Bank of
Canada.
-r   -Jr>rtl
'$%
vti
\-i
DO YOU WANT TO KNOW
tfco facts about SHORTHOKN CATTLE t
The breed for tha farmer or rancher Writ* the Secretary to-day for FREE PUBLICATIONS, and g����
your name en our free mailing lift.
DOMINION  SHORTHORN   BREEDER'S ASSOC'N
W.A.DiydCD.Prea. G. E. Day. Sec.     i
Brooldin, Ont. Guelph, Ont
.   ,>
MONEY ORDERS
It js alvays ssfe to send a Dominion Express Money Ordei. 1'ive dollars costs three
cents.
NURSING
It has been discovered that bars of
pure silver, heated and left in a magnetic field a few hours, become permanently- magnetized.
No child should be allowed to suffer an hour from worms when prompt
relief can be got in a simple but
strong remedy ��� Mother Graves'
Worm  Exterminator.
Belgium May Refuse to Sign
Will Not Accept Terms Council Decide to Impose
Brussels. ���Extremely strong measures relative to Belgium's demands at
the peace conference have been decided upon by thc Belgian " government, according" to tlie Soif.1
"Belgium will "not accept the terms
thc council of three decide to impose
on her," thc newspaper says. "She
will demand a complete fulfilment of
thc promise contained in thc decision
addressed to her by France, Great
Britain, Italy and Japan, and that expressed in thc seventh of President
Wilson's fourteen points; she will refuse to sign any peace treaty which
does not restore Belgium to political
and economic independence, and docs
not entirely indemnify her for damage sustained during the war.
Minard's Liniment used by Physicians
Conscript Men for Reds
Budapest. ��� Thc Hungarian soviet
government is preparing to conscript
all men under 45 for tlic red army, it
was announced. Only those needed
for essential industries will be excepted.
To Cure a Cold in One Day
Take 1AXATIVE BROMO QUININE
(Tablets), It stops Uie Cough and Headache and works off the Cold. E. W.
GROVE'S signature on each bo.t    30c
Canadians Will
See Triumphal March
Arrangements Made for Men to Witness Biff Parade
London. ��� Every overseas soldier
on furlough in London on May 3
will hc afforded a unique opportunity of witnessing his comrades' triumphal march, as arrangements havc
been made whereby they will line
thc route, namely: Canadians along
the Strand from the west to the
Hotel Cecil; Australians from tliat
point around Australia House at Aid
wych; South Africans and soldiers of
crown colonics, from A Id wych to
King's Way-
NURSES earn $15 to $25 a week. Lean*
without leaving home. Send for free booklet.
Royal Collece of Science, Dept. 137, Toronto,
Canada.
Exchanges Workers for Prisoners
Paris. ��� The German prisoners-
who have been retained in ' 'France
under" the armistice conditions, will
be returned to Germany by thc terms
of the peace treaty, according to the
Temps, In exchange, Germany will
pledge herself to send to France a
specified number of skilled artisans
and laborers, wiio will be employed in
the task of reconstruction in thc devastated districts.
y'rl
t-'>|
A VALUABLE MEDICINE
FOR THE BABY
Baby's Own Tablets arc a valuable
mcdicine.for all little ones. They are
a mild but thorough laxative which
never fail to regulate the bowels and
stomach; drive out constipation and
indigestion; break up colds and simple fevers; banish colic and worms,
and make teething easy. Concerning
them Mrs. S. P. Moulton, St. Stephen,
N. B., writes:���"I have used Baby'a
Own Tablets for a long time and find
them a most effective and valuabls
medicine. I would not be without
them." Thc Tablets are sold by med��
icinc dealers or by mail at 25 cents a
box from The Dr. Williams* Medietas
Co., Brockviile, Ont.
Fruit Prospects Excellent
Vancouver. B.C. ������ From all seo
tions of the Okanagan and southern
Similkameen ^valleys, come reports. at_
excellent fruit prospects for 15U9. Thc
setting of fruit buds this, spring give*
an indication of a gain in fruit production of about 50 per cent, over
1918, according to reports which have
reached Fruit Inspector Hunter,. Pea-
ttcton. Providing that frost keeps
away, and spring and early summer
conditions are up to the mark, thers
is no reason why this ycar should ftot
bc by far thc best in the history of
thc district, hc says.
The great thing in this world ii
not so much where we stand as ta
what direction wc are moving.^
Holmes.
/
German Troops Surround Munich
Paris. ��� The encirclement of Mu-| their work
nich  by  Gorman   government  troops J until they    find
has been    completed,   according    to! tions of oil.'
German     dispatches -received   here.j	
This result was accomplished, it 'is
said,   by thc occupation of Landshut. j
about 35 miles northeast of   Munich
which city has been.closely approached on all sides.   -
France Assures Italy o�� Friendship
Paris. ��� The continued friendship
of France fon Italy was expressed by
���Prcsident Poincare in a message    to
the Italian people sent through    the
association of Fran re and Italy.   Thc
message said:
J will conduct an investigation from at    "Italy and'France,'as closely as in
! scientific standpoint. Thcy have 6ut-j-v$sf,  will   remain  united    in    peace;
j fitted. inZEdmonton and wii I carry on:' nothing, will separate them.   A break
during    the   summer or: in their friendship would be i catas-
jtrophc for Latin civilization and for
] humanity. France remains faithful to
jils engagement*, its sympathies and
I it= traditions."
I
I
I
YOUR
ilverWari
Now To Keep /
Loo hing It's Smst ���a ^
A little Ideal Silrer Cream f|
on a cloth., rnb this on the
knife, fork or other piece to fee
tJeaned, then rinse it in hot
water and rub briskly -ivith 3
lolt  flannel  or  chamois skin.
A ti.o*t beautiful lustre -a-ill
spv��r���3. biilUancr that will
ta^t over a considerable period.
Idea! Silver Gear.-, dots clean
ar.d polish silver in a manner
that surprises. T'sere 13 nothing;
like it. Ideal :s cew ar.d pet-
fected.
summer or:'
ss itsfactorv   Indie.-"- ���'
Gets $25,000 a Year
Pa
ar:s.
The   salarv   oi Sir    Eric'
iDrununond. sccrcUry of thc    lea.cnc!
iof  nations,  is  to  be S-25,000    yearly.'^.
Withdraw Black Lists
London.,'��� Germany has rtccn'not-
cx-fined by the president of   the British
the'commission in'that country    of    the i
of defence.'has -been appointed  com-j clerical staff, according to thc rcpr**-j withdrawal by the allies of all blacky
rnander-in-chief of all thc government jsentative    of    Router's    Limited,    I      '
(With a  simitar  amount for  the
Gustav Xoskc, the German minister jpenscs ot  thc office,    including
'V'
itroops to Operas against Munich,       }Pari*.
trcMist? a^ains-t her an*! also  the afeols- {
'tion of aU trading'disabilities.
Ideal
vrorks
wonder*.
TW a
bottle today.   25c
at tout    ,
dealer*.
Domestic
Spedelt?
Company,.
Limited,
HamQtoa
Ca.ta��i
I
I
'I
451
f^.'.^^'S^.
"^r-S^JTf^-J^^ -   ��� _^jaHafc����a��alw��giffiwiwrMa��Mn-tiii>TT*��
'���/"
"'"'""'    """'"    '���:":'"'-x   '���������>���-������
tmi
ITHE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
������ a-year strictly in advance,  or $2.50
���;-i not paid for three months.   If not
"; for until the end of the year it is $3
v always $2.50 a yearto  the United
'ss in advance.
Z    R. T. LOWERY.
Editor and.Fitiancier.
. ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices #25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     7 00
Estray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks      1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears ii> notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, noupariel
xueasuiement.
inch thick, a year ago. It lodged
in his throat and doctors couldn't
gefe it out. After swallowing the
bone he lost weight steadily, falling from 180 pounds to 140.
' The other day Mr. Williams
coughed up the bone.
Communication
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be'pleased
to have more money.
As a  football  the
proved a failure.
pumpkin has
If evil thoughts were crimes,
nearly all the people would be in
jail. 	
It is hard feo make a town lively
and prosperous without advertising. __
As a rule the world worships
dead saints and persecutes ,��� living
ones.
If you wish to get rid of your
diseases, forgive everybody of
everything, including yourself.
It is still a fact that every religion but our own looks ridiculous,
and tends to excite our risibility.
The United States will go dry
by July the thirst. The Fourth
will be more sane upon that account.
There is room in B. C. for
millions of people. At present
there is about one person to every
square mile.
5
Dsjeijsg    this   winter   we   met
'"DUbands of   men . in the United
is, who'had been in the  war.
-e of them was a private.
Canada should educate the peo-
-vie in the United States about the
���jreat Dominion. Millions of people in the States think that Canada
is always covered with snow, arid
they are afraid to come over the
line for fear thafe they cannot get
anything, or will be scalped by fehe
Indians. The ignorance about
Canada in some parts of the United
States surprises those who travel.
Some Cures
"Walking on a balance rail,"
"asserts" Miss Doris"Franklin^ "Kansas Cifey teacher of corrective gymnastics, "cures nervousness, drives
away the blues, develops poise and
forces the proper use of both feet."
Yet mothers will scold little boys
for walking on the fence.
, While we're curing thinge, try
this:
A cure for hiccoughs has been"
found by an accident in the case of
Henry Gerns of Palco, Kan., who
, Buffered for several weeks from the
majady. He went to the home of
his daughter in Hays for treatment
and the first night there fell down
a long stairway, sustaining many
severe braises, but the hiccoughs
'were cured. Up to tbe time of bis
accident his hiccoughs were getting
worse.
Of course, tumbling down the
stairs may break one's ' neck, bufe
fehat shouldn't deter any hiccoughs,
for������'
William E. Seward, -Marshfield,
O., broke hia neck a year ago in
Washington. When fehey finally
let him put of the hospital he had
feo wear a plaster cast around bis
neck as the vertebrae would nofe
hold his head up. After wearing
fehe cast nine months the neck became stronger and fehe support wus
discarded. He now works" every
day on a drainage canal in fehe
Safero, California.
While having a bone in one's
neck is one thing, having a bone in
the throat is something entirely
different, as per���
JL.    W.    Williams,   Ijamsville,
'-'., swallowed a beef bone tbree-
r> , .rters of, an   inch   long,   one-
Z-srfeer inch wide and one-eighth
Editor The Ledge.
Sir:���Jusfe a.suggestion which,
if acted upon, may prove of immense value to Greenwood and
vicinity. There are thousands of
returned soldiers who are looking
for a suitable place to acquire land
under the Soldiers Settlement
scheme, and Green*pod caireasily
get 40 or 50 of raese soldiers to
take a ranch in this vicinity. If
tho citizens were to form themselves into a kind of a Board of
Trade, get listings of the various
farms for sale, write to the Soldiers
Re-establishment' Bureau, Vancouver, and inform fehem that
Greenwood can place on land a
certain number of families, I have
no doubt that an expert land
valuator, would immediately come
to Greenwood and look the proposition over. This is done in other
places. Why not Greenwood?
-The Murray ranch and adjoining
places, which are a second Okanagan, if properly handled, could be
purchased by the government, cut
up in fifty acre farms and given to
the soldiers.
The G. W. V. A. of Grand
Forks, is endeavoring and will
eventually succeed, in getting rid
of the undesirable aliens and the
land will be given to returned'
soldiers.
The returned soldier feels .that
he is a returned citizen, having a
broader view of life than he formerly had and will feake a greater
interest in the affairs of his
country, knowing fehat ife is a land
worth fighting for, and he is determined that undesirables shall
not live in our midst. The district needs population. We need
quantity, ife,is true, but above all
we must have quality, and if we
cannot have quality then quantity
must be sacrificed.
A creamery would. no doubfe be
established and Greenwood/ would
become a prosperous farming community. The" soldiers want feo be
one big family, or brotherhood of
real men and they will never abuse
the duty and tryst that has been
placed upon their shoulders, by being led'into political factions that
are going to use them for the betterment of parfey. The soldier will
feake an active part" in fehe development of our country as a land of
contentment, happy homes, high
ideals for the service of humanity
and apply fehe same qualities which
won undying renown in Belgium
and France.
Get together, .gentlemen, use
some high intelligence, practical
ability, co-operating good will and
courage" and" I have no" hesitancy
in saying that Greenwood will then
soon have a prosperous settlement
of soldiers settlers.
A RETURNED SOLDIER.
Greenwood Central School
April, 1919 Report
DIVISION I
Perfect attendance: Ruth Anderson, Daisie Axam, Mabel
AxamrSelma Benson, Gari Intilla.
��� /'
Robert Jenks, Roderick Mcintosh,
Frank Maslonka, Ivor Pofcfes, Ena
Potts.
Highest Standing, (Examinations.) Entrance: Harold Mellrud, 88; Robert Jenks, 87; Lottie
Tanner, 86; Ena Potts 79; Mary
Gibson, 76; Irene S. Mcintosh, 73;
Thomas Williamson, 71; Ivor
Potts, 65; Ethel Lane, 58; Daisie
Axam, 56;  Roderick McLeod, 51.
Junior Reader IV: Frank Maslonka, 91; Selma Benson, 91; Gari
Intilla, 81; Mabel Axam, 80; Em-
mefe Anderson, 74; John Krouten,
69.
DIVISION II
Perfect attendance: Agda Carlson, Gertrude Dixon, Eraine
Duhamel, Horace Duhamel, Russell EuBfeis, Samuel Eustis, Ethel
Fraser, Dolly Granberg, Gordon
Jenks, John Kerr, Mary Kerr,
Gabrielle Legault, William McLeod, George Morrison, Alfred
Oliver, Cyril Robinson, Ernest
Wyder, John Wyder, Jack Bryan,
Phyllis Eales, Donald Johnson,
Louise Johnson, Edwina Smith,
Ruby Goodeve, Allan Fraser, Isaac
Pleacash, Mary Pleacash.
Proficiency List.
Junior IV. Gordon Jenks, Russell Eustis.
Senior III. Gabrielle Legault
and Louise Johnson, tied in first
place; Agda Carlson.
Junior III B. John* Wyder,
Ernest Wyder.
Senior II: ' Allan Fraser, Mary
Klinosky.-
DIVISION III
Perfect attendance: . Ethel Benson, Bessie Bidder, Doris Dixon,
Lloyd Eustis, Percy Fraser,
Edward Johnson, Jack Jory,
Evelyn Parker, Clarence Johnson,
Nick Pleacash, Mary Skelton,
George Bryan, Robert Mitchell.
Proficiency list.
Jr. _Second Reader: Cicilia
Hallstrom and Ethel Benson,
equal: Tillie McDonell.
First Reader: Edward Jonn-
son and Bessie Bidder, equal; Gertrude Nelson and Jack Jory, equal.
Second Primer: Stanley Rudkin,
Nick Plecash.
First Primer A.: Leona Hopkins, Doris Dixon,
First Primer B.: Irene Inglis,
Helen Kerr; John Putzel, Bert
Lane, Harry Hallstrom, and Percy
Fraser, equal.
-Receiving Class: John Pleacash,
Louis Mitchell, and Mary Skelton,
equal;'Richmond Morrison.
Card of Thanks
Mr. and Mrs. A. Sater, wish to
sincerely thank their friends for
sending flowers, and displaying towards them so many acts of kindness and sympathy, during their
sad bereavement.
Culameeti Hotel
PRINCETON, B.C.
One of the largest hotels in
-��    the city.   Beautiful location,
--fine rooms'and tasty meals.
A. O; JOHNSON
PROP.
Ledge ads bring results.
A Vegetarian 'Panacea
A writer in one of the London
journals says that a Philadelphia
pastor ascribes the war to meat���
which has inspired fehat aggressiveness in the human race mosfe pronounced in the gorging Germans,
Fish, flesh and fowl are fehe brutal
elements fehat inflame us, and nofe
in a league of nations, but in vegetarianism, we shall find the real
guide to peace.
Do nofe partake of fish
- Ife stirs up passion base,   '
Shun fehe inflammatory dish,
Boiled plaice.
To sfeill fehe warlike word    -  -
' And banish gun and ballet
Abstain from fehafe bloodthirsty
bird.
The pullefe. ^
On mutton do nofe feast,    "
Or in your blood will leap
The rage of thafe ferocious beast,
the sheep.
If yon wonld nofe see red
Nor seek fehe sword and grab
- ife,
Feast   nofe on that fierce quad-
���    ruped,
Therabbife.
He's Got His Things Off
Little Jane was overjoyed over a
recent addition to fehe family /and
rushed oufe of the honse feo ten the
news to a passing neighbor.
"Oh, you don't know what
we've got in our house to-day?"
"What is it?"
It's a new baby brother," and
she waited to see the effects of her
words on the neighbor.
"You don't say so. Is he going
feo stay?"
"I guess so,"'very thoughtfully.
"He.'s got his things ofi."
They Were Accompanied
In England a clergyman who
was not disinclined toward an occasional glass, hired an Irishman
to clean oufe his cellar. He brought
oufe a number of empty whiakey
bottles and lb he lifted each one
looked feo see if fehere was anything
in it. The clergyman,- who was
walking on fehe lawn, noticed him
and said, "They are all dead ones,
Mike." "They are," answered,"
Mike "bufe there is one good thing
aboufe ife, ihey all had the minister
with fehem when fehey passed away.
H. McKEE
GREENWOOD
Dealer in
WOOD
Orders Promptly Filled
J. B. CAMERON,
Leading Tailor 0! the Kootenays.
KASLO     BO.
Provincial Development
*s	
The welfare and progress of
British Columbia depends absolutely on the development of onr
natural resources. w
We have untold wealth at our
disposal. Forest and stream,
mountain and valley and ocean,
all await the'magic touch of human
industry.
But these vast resources are as
nothing unless they cau be made
available.
The government is opening up a
vast inland empire along the route
of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. Increased operating mileage tells the story.
CORPORATION   OF .THE   CITY   OF
GREENWOOD
Applications for the position of Pound-
keeper will be received by the undersigned.
Particulars may be had at the City
Office.
G. B. TAYLOR,
City Clerk.
-    I Am That Boy
Once a Southern senator journeying through the South was
very much annoyed at the delay
in getting food served in- a certain
cafe. He had given his order, and
waited impatiently an unreasonable length of time, when the
waiter appeared and was evidently
looking for some one who must
have gone out without waiting for
his meal. When asked by the
senator whom,he was looking for
he replied: "A little boy who
gave his orderT" The senator replied:    "I am that boy."
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
T.    THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
OcK��"��0\>O00OOOOO00OO00OO0OO0
ASSAYER
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist,' BojT��bii68, -Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper.
fi each. Gold-Silver, (single' assay)
$1.00. Goid-Silver (duplicate assay)
$1.50. Silver-Lead $1.50 Silver-Lead-
Zinc $3.00. Charges for other metals etc
on application.    .,
FRED A. STARKEY,
NELSON, B. C.
MINING
.BROKER_
PROSPECTS   BOUGHT   AND    SOLD
The Ledge has always  room
for one more ad.
You  can   get   a   bargain   in
envelopes at_The Ledge_office.__
 Il	
DR. A. MILLOY
DENTIST
All   the   latest  methods  in  high-class
Dentistry.
LOO BUILDING
���    Corner Abbott & Hastings Streets.
VANCOUVER,   -   -   -   BX.
MONUMENTS
KOOTENAY GRANITE AND
MONUMENTAL CO.. LTD.
FRONT ST., . NELSON,  BOX 865
PHONE   13
Auto    and   Horse   Stages
Leave    Greenwood    Twtee
Daily to Meet Spokane and
OrovHIe Trains
Autos For Mire.   The Finest
Turnouts in the Boundary
Light and Heavy Draying
CORPORATION   OF   THE   CITY.   OF
GREENWOOD
NOTICE is hereby given that the first
sitting of the Court of Revision, for the
purpose of hearing complaints against
the assessment for the year 1919 as made
by the Assessor for the City of Greenwood, will be held in the City Office,
Municipal Hall, on Monday, May 26th,
1919, at 10 o'clock a/m.
Notice of complaints must be given
in writing to the Assessor at least ten
days previous to the sitting of ,'the Court.
Dated at Greenwood, B. C, April 24th,
1919J
G. B.' TAYLOR,  .
City Clerk.
\
DEPARTMENT  OF   LANDS
NOTICE _
Applications For Grazing Permits
UNDER GRAZING ACT 1919
Applications for permits t6 graze live-stock
011 tlie Crown range within each Grazing District of the Province of British Columbia, as
established by Order-iu-Counctl, dated the 10th
of April, 1919 and published in the British Columbia Gazette on April 17th, 1919, niu.t be
filed with the District Foresters at Cranbrook.
Fort George, Kamloops, Nelson, Prince Rupert,
Vancouver and Vernon, or with the Commissioner of Grazing, Department of Lands, Parliament Buildings, at victoria, B. C, on or before July 1st, 1919. "  ,
Blank forms upop which to submit applications may bo obtained from the District Foresters at the above named places or from the
Department ��f Lands at Victoria, B.C.
G. R. NADT2N,
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Department of Lands, Victoria, B.C.,
Mth April, 1919.
SYNOPSIS  OF
LAND ACT AMENDMENT'
Pre-emption liow confined to aurv*.;J
lands only..
Records will be granted "covering only
land suitable for agricuitu. \l purposes
and which is non-timber lartf. '
' Partnership pre-emptions abolished,
but parties of not more tfcian'four may
arrange for adjacent .pre-emptions, witlf
joint residence, but each making necessary improvements on respective claims,
Pre-emptors- must occupy ^.aims for
five years and make improvements3 to
value of $10 per acre, including clearing
and cultivation of at least 5 acres, before receiving Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, lie may, because
of ill-health or other cause, be granted
intermediate certificate of improvement--
and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence '
may be issued provided applicant makes
Improvements to extent of $301) per annum and records same each year. Failure to make improvements or record
same will operate as forfeiture. Title
cannot be obtained on these claims in
less than 6 years, with improvements of
$10 per acre, including 5 acres cleared
and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years.
Pre-emptor holding Crown Grant may
record another pre-emption,  if. he  re-
?:ulres land in conjunction with his
arm, without actual occupation, provided statutory Improvements made and
residence maintained'on Crown granted
land. *
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding   20
acres,  may be 'leased    as    homesites;,
title to be obtained after fulfilling resl-
,dentlal~and -improvement conditions.	
For grazing and industrial purposes,
areas exceeding G40 acres may be leased
by one person or company.
PRE-EMPTORS' FREE GRANTS ACT,
The scope,of this Aet is enlarged to
include all persons Joining1 and serving
with His Majesty's Forces. The time
within which the heirs or devisees of a
deceased pro-emptor may apply for
title under this Act ls extended from
one year from the death of such person,
aa formerly, until one year after th��
conclusion of the present war. This
privilege is also made retroactive.
TOWNSITE PROPERTY ALLOTMENT
ACT."
Provision ia made for the grant to
persona holding uncompleted Agreements to Purchase from the Crown of
such proportion of the land, lf divisible,
as the payments already made will
cover In proportion to the sale price of
the whole parcel. Two or more persons
holding such Agreements may group
their interests and apply for a proportionate allotment Jointly. If it is not
considered advisable to divide the land
covered by an application for a proportionate allotment, an allotment of land
of equal value selected from available
Crown.lands In the locality may be\
made. These allotments are conditional
upon payment 0} all taxes due the
Crown .or to any municipality. The,
rights of persons to whom the purchaser from the Crown has agreed to
ffu fl? ?���� Protected. The decision of
the Minister of'Lands In respect to the
adjustment of a proportionate allotment
Is final. The time for making application for these allotments ls limited to
the 1st day of May, 1915. Any application made after this date wlll~iiot he
considered. These allotments apply" to
town lota and lands of the Crown sold
ft^_P2��_^LJ.^^��    ^^ ^   \*^
# For information apply to any Provincial Government Agent or to
G. R. NADEN,
Deputy Minister of Lands,
Victoria, B.C.
Palace. Liyerj ,And Stage
GREENWOOQD. B.C.
W.   H.  DOCKSTEADER, Ppop.
\ut:.
**��
Ww*
m*&.
���'���- s&sxi-
iX^r:^-iX7:-^'i'\:
'���iS&g&jk&r'--'
.���y.ir.-jdiiA
t ' - '
n
&��&
&2VS
MAKE your money work and earn something.
Sixteen Thrift Stamps are exchangeable for
a $4.00 War Savings Stamp, and for every War
Savings Stamp you accumulate the Dominion of
Canada is pledged to pay you $5.00 in 1924., k ���
C Invest the interest on your Victory Bonds and
% make it work and earn for you. v
JS
Bwv
NATIONAL  WAR  SAVINGS   COSIMITTEE
(British Columbia DivlMon)
Vancouver, B. C.
t Stamps
\\
\
JUST  ACROSS  THE  DESK
There's a motion-picture that shows t\vo; men���rniles^apart���'talking-to
each other by telephone.   Finally the distance lessens through some magic.;
of the photographer, and these two" men are seen sitting on either side of a
desk, chatting, laughing and gesticulating.
Here is a lesson to be remembered^when we're rushed and impatient,
forgetful that at the other end of the line is'a man ready to adopt the same'
friendly, cordial attitude we would assume if reentered at onr office door.*
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY,   Ltd-
:
=3��4��4��4i^.^.4"��^*^j^4"4"4' ^4*4>4..$."4.4i4tr4t��^^^$;":j��
*
4��
Cbe fiume fiotel
nelson. B.C.
The only up?tb/datc Hotel in the interi^ri,   First-class
fn every respect; '   ,
CENTRALLY LOCATED
Hot and Cold;Water; Steam Heat and Telephoned
each room.
ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATHS.       =
CUISINE AND SERVICE THE BEST
First Class Cafe and Barber Shop /
15   SAMPLE ROOMS
Steam Heated; Electric Lighted.
I
RATES 31.00 per day and up; European Plan.
-   - 1''      DilC   M&afc   oil   Tfdlnn    rkfrnit   DamJ-q
 -uwinj i*Avvls? ui* t iuiua-ouu uuaib* T���	
I For Good 1
I Job Printing
���Economy and Satisfaction ��
combined with Promptness 3
are the features which go to =��
make up the Service we give =3
our^fcustomers. Are you -3
one of them?
I
���<*wg        i
1 WE PRINT
3 . i
1  1
=3
S      " >   "       (Ruled or Plain)       ���     "
'��= Envelopes, Billheads, H       |
���� ' (AU.Sizes) 33 v*
H   . Statements J Business Cards, j|
H Posters,  Dodgers, &c, &e. H
| The Ledge       PHONE 29      1
li
g     GREENWOOD        Job Printing Department    3
fmmmmmmm immuuuiuuuim iiuiuuuuiiiu!
\

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