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The Ledge Jul 3, 1919

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��� *^*.TOyaww toy ���*��*:
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7' .'���X'iXiXiXXXrXXyXyX^iffk
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Vol.   XXV.
" '���'''���. ���   ��� ...;' '''*���.'
Come In And See Our
Large And Well Assorted Stock Of
Carpets,   Furniture,   Pictures,
Crockery,   Etc.   Etc.
Many   kinds of Oil,  Tinware
and  Hardware
PHONE 28        A:       GREENWOOD, B.C.
AGENT FOR      .
Before buying see me about
Motor tractors and complete line
1 of Farm implements
MIDWAY      -      -     B. O.
1     Stock Reducing Sale of Teas     |
S~ BLUE RIBBON 3ID tins  $185.      BLUE RIBBON 51b tins $3.00 =3
y��� -*���
-r    Choice Bulk Tea 60c per lb.      Choice Spider Leg Tea 70c    ~3
1 Phone 46      LEE & BRYAN      1
���gfr Canada Food Board License No, 8-6251 ~5
We Are Now Showing
Mens Fine Shoes
Mens Work Boots
Mens Tennis Shoes
Boys Serviceable School
Mens Fine Hats and Caps
W. Elson 8 Co
Laco Tungsten Lamps
15 to 60 Watt Lamps���50c each.
100 WattXamps���$1.25 each,
60 Watts   -   '   ���   $1,25 each
100 , -
200   ��
2.00 ��
/   x   /    3,50 �����
Greenwood City Waterworks Go.
singer rotary
sewing Machines
singer motors
, Easy Terms
Mason & Risch Pianos
Victor Gramophones
and Records
Mail orders promptly attended to
The Singer Store
H. WEBER. t\gr.
PO, Box 152, Grand Forks. B.C.
&< J.  MUIR
The .WINDSOR HOTEL is heated with, steam-
and electricity.. Fine sample rooms. A comfortable home for tourists . and -travellers. Touch the
wire if you want- rooms reserved. The buffet is
replete with cigars, cigarettes/cooling beverages,
���. buttermilk and ice-cream.   7.7
5 -    ���-    \'iXXXxx;:[x'Xx:--X-Xxx '--Xy.i  x   .;.; $
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats,; Fish ;
and Poultry.    Shops in nearly all the     1.-;.
towns of the Boundary and Kootenay.' .,
Pool Room and First-Class
Barber Shop
Cigars, Tobaccos, Soft Drinks.
Ice-Cream Parlor in Connection
Come in Often _
lAgents for Chevrolet, Dodge, Hudson,
Chalmers* Cadillnc cars, and Republic
truck motors '    -   Garage in connection.
Around Home,
./ Jeff; Davis
< Bass fishing opened at Christina
lake last week.
is   on   a   trip   to
Sam's Cabin Burned   ,'\fif*mm**>aH��aH*m*m
The development of the mineral deposits  -
throughout Canada/is of paramount importance to the country. ���.;',
There are many ways in which this Bank _,
can assist mhiers.   Call upon us said let us \Xx
explain what a complete banking service
means to you.
.;' For Sa^k���Young pigs 6 to
8 weeks old. Prices reasonable.:
Apply Midway:Ranch Ltd., Mid-
way^B. C.        ���'_..//���'"/. . -".   '
For Salk.���A, Perfection A,
wire-stitching machine. -7 Apply
to The Ledge.
Old newspapers for sale at
The Ledge office. . Get some before they are all gone.
The Argo tunnel will resume
operations this fall.
The   schools    closed   for   the
holidays last Friday.
It is necessary to have a permit
in order to shoot robins.
At     McElmou's.       Waltham
Watches.    Boys Watches.
Ed. Pope has moved  luto  the
Allison house on Gold street.
Miss Marie .Anderson, of Victoria, is visiting in Anaconda.
The pound by-law is to be
strictly enforced in Greenwood.
Jack Morrison attended the
celebration in Nelson this week.
School supplies can now bs obtained at Goodeve's Drug Store.
Grant Chase killed nine bears
last winter near Christina  lake.
Robert Campbell has been appointed a fire warden in this dis-.
trict. . x-'"x
Mr. Morton has a deal on for
his three mineral claims near
J; C. Cruse is C. P.'R. agent,
during Mr. Rudkin's absence at
the coast.
This year 50,000' trout fry from
Gerrard will be planted in Christina lake. ,
Mr. and Mrs. W, R. Rudkin
and family are on a holiday in
We have receiyed another lot of
navy and light colored prints.
G. A. Rendell. (
Bert Scott has gone to  Anyox
He worked 17 years at the smelter
in Grand Forks.
Full line j of fishing tackle at
Goodeve's Drugstore. The fishing season is open;
��� Mr. Sawyer returned from
Seattle on Saturday,' and went to
Carmi on Sunday.
Wm. O'Donnell - and. several
other Rock Creek people were in
town on Saturday.
Dancing everyWeduesday evening at Christina Lake Pavilion.
Refreshments served. ^
Roy McLeod and Walter Evans
will return to the Boundary this
week from overseas.
Fresh strawberries and other
fruits, and lettuce, three times a
week.   G. A. Rendell,
,W. B. Willcox is visiting his
brother in New York. . He recently sold the Trail News.
Fresh killed beef and'veal for
sale every Saturday, 20c upwards.
J. MeySr, Government street,
C. J. McArthur is in Butte,
Mont, having been called there
utrough the death of his brother.
��� White'canvas ladies oxfords,
white canvas girls slippers and
boys running shoes_at Rendell's.
A. C. Mesker is taking it easy,
after being in the Nelson hospital for two days with a seyere
'' Alex. Cameron came in from
Rossland yesterday, to assist
Wm. Elson in tbe tailoring business.
Sam Johnston is spending a few
days in  town,  preparatory to regaining operations npon  his placer
gold proposition afe the month of
Rock Creek.     Sam was recently
|employed upon the wagon road np.
the West Fork, and had a thrilling!
experience when his cabin burned
down.   The cabin was known as
Gormin Castle,  situated on Cork
avenue, a few miles from. West-
bridge.   The fire broke oat in the
ceiling about six o'clock one fine
morning, while Sam was saying his
prayers.     With   an  energy  and
desperation that Sam has carried
with him since the days of  the
Fenian ^aid ho fought the blaze
for three long hours,  burning his
neck and hands.    At   last,  dripping with water and perspiration
he retired from action after snaking his belongings out of the burning building.    His loss amounted
to one bowl,  a pair of forks and
knives, and a love letter .that he
had just received from his intended
bride.   Sam feels the loss of this
letter very keenly.    He kept it on
a table by his bedside so that he
could read it every time that he
had a spare   moment.   In future
Sam should carry hia love-letters
in his inside" pocket.
Western Float
The tax rate in Rossland is 86
Wm. Rutheford died in Golden
last month.
A. W. Grote has cut loose from
the Princeton Cafe.
There is some talk of working a
coal deposit near Enderby.
Jack Caley of Sandon is afflicted
with a tumor of the bowels.
Two tons of wool were shipped
from Chilliwack last month.
Mining News
The copper refinery at Trail will
be enlarged.
The Granby is operating its coke
ovens at Anyox.
The. Trail  smelter
copper rolling mill.
will install a
Copper  should   be   20 centB a
pound by September.
High School Examination
Highest number of marks obtainable, 1000.
Neil Morrison    ���   722.
Annie Eustis    ���-.  657.
Ruth Axam   -   -   627.
George Swanson     583.
Priscilla Kerr  . -   573.
Six pupils tried this examination
and five passed.
Highest number'of marks possible, 900.
Vera Parker -   -   711.
�� Nellie Axam -   -   532.
Mary E. Mcintosh 506.
Four pupils tried this examination and three passed.
The pupils of the Intermediate
Grade are being examined by the
Department of Education in Victoria.
Sea Fishing Shows Increase
The citizens of Greenwood are
complaining loudly, because the
mail and express is ubt put off at
this town:by the early western
trains.yXyX ~/7/'. ���'-.���������' y ii'-:i'X--.
) Dbugias -MXx Ritchie died^'ia
Nelson,last Saturday from tetanus. .He was manager andv presi^'
dent of:-.the Kootenay Granite; &
Marble Co.;7 in company, .with
Kenneth Campbell. 'Hi'
. A carload of cast-iron junk is
being shipped from the Boundary
Falls,smelter to the' Nelson Iron
Works. .L;���        ' ,       -   - :
: ;.Sam Underhill, the well-known
miner; died in Spokane last week
from the effects of poisoning from
bad teeth,
J. G. McMynn and Dan Biner,
are. taking part this week in a
trap . shooting tournament at
Vancouver. '
./.Stanley L. Bubar, of Midway,
was:married to Miss Winnifred
J." Hayhe, of Rock Creek, in Nelson,-on June 25.
.The , Women's Institute will
meet.in the Guild Hall, opposite
the post office/on Friday after-'
noon at the usual hour.
The mounted police recently
bought 42 horses in the Boundary and. Similkameen, and shipped them to prairie towns.
Royal Household Flour, made
by the Ogilvie Flour Mills company is the Standard for Canada.
Get a sack from G. A. Rendell.
Scott McRae and Walter Wart-
man have finished cutting out
the Lost creek trail between
Boundary-creek and Kettle'river.
7-The/Ledge is 52 a year in
advance. -,-When-'not paid for
three, months if' is^ $2.50,' and
wherupaid at end of year ft is $3.
/i.Grace May Jermyn, aged 15
years,-died a few days ago at
at Osoyoos, - following a - minor
operation/upon her " throat for
tousilitis. ��� Her parents, Mr.-and
Mrs.: G. S. Jermyn have the sympathy/of many, friends in their
yery sad: bereavement.
Total value of sea fish at the
point of landing onv both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts during
April was 81,386,635, For fehe
same month last year the.total
value was $1,165,559, an"increa8e
this year of over 8220,000. The
monthly statement from . the
the naval department shows .that
the lobster fishery on the Atlantic
coast gave very satisfactory results,
the catch for April being over 900
cwts. larger than in the same
month last year. Halibut landings
on the Pacific coast were some 6000
cwts. ahead of April, 1918.
A Shot at the Teacher
"Is   there
around here,
anything to shoot
boy?" .exclaimed a
man with a gun over his shoulder,
as he walked through a village in
Kentucky.    '  '-
"Yes, mister," replied the boy;
'"'there's the school' teacher down
fehare. You might feake a shot at
Mining News
- ���-     .- i
It is proposed to put in a mill at
the Crown, near Trout Lake Cifey.
The long tnnnel of the Deep at
Whitewaler has been cleaned out.
Daring May ihe production of
coal in B. C. amounted to 179,497
' Gold dredging is active "on the
Fraser, Peace', and other gold
streams in the province.       ���
The city of New Westminster
has Bold fehe dredge, John A. Lee,
for $20,000.��    7
J. A Schubert of Tulameen has
one of the beat herds of Jersey
cattle in B. C.
Last month F. A. Reid of Merritt had both legs fractured in an
auto accident. .'
This year "In Western Canada
more than 30,000,000 acres are
planted witb7cereals.
Tony Hauson is the champion
bear hunter of Kaslo. He has the
evidence in his window.
The creek at Armstrong is full
of carp. They Bhould be arrested
for killing trout under size.
One dollar will buy eight quarts
of milk in Cranbrook. Milk is
cheaper than whiskey in that town.
At   Orovills   on   July   4,   Ben,
Geary will rideNo Man's Land, \
the hardest bucking horse in the
This year twice as many lemons
will be produced in California, as
fehe "United States ordinarily consumes.
Last year Canada produced 13,-
141,000 tons of hay and clover.
More than 382 millions of bushels
of oats .were produced. ..
John McPhee is 79 years young.
He /is a watchman at a powder
magazine near Nelson for which
he receives $75 a month.
Tommy Bnrley is one of fehe
most popular barbers in Silverton.
He has not played any blackjack
since be joined the church.
, H. .V. Harris, formerly & provincial constable at Quesnel, was
sent three years to fehe pen, for
attempting to murder Miss Moffatt.
Several years ago, A. O. Osfeby,
of New ^enver hid $109 back of
some buildings in Kaslo, but he
has never since been able to locate
the spot where he hid it.
George Cunningham died in the
Yukon from blood poisoning,
caused by a slight scratch on his
hand. He was a pioneer of Dawson and the Mayo district.
Mose Burns has been working
on his claims near Beaverdell. The
proposition is too big for Mose to
handle alone, and he is looking for
a partner who has a million dollars.-
The other day, for the first time
in 27 years, George Joy of Nelson
met Ed Shannon in New Denver..
Both'of them left Neepawa, Man.,
in 1892 to seek their fortune in the
silvery bnt slippery west.
H. D. Robinson, fireman on a
Kettle Valley engine, was killed
near Coyle last ��� month. He fell
from the cab- window while the
train was running, fracturing his
skull. His parents reside in Hope.
Last year Canada produced 14,-
232,000 pounds of tobacco,' which
brought a price of from 28 to 65
cents a pound. Every year Canada imports, principally from the
United States, about $12,000,000
worfeh of tobacco.
It is reported that Colonel Ben
Tompkins died in California some
time ago. At one time he was
manager of the Hume- and Strathcona hotels in Nelson. In 1892 he
was steward on the steamer Lytton,
and was a man with many friends.
Jack Carscadden may start a
paper in Kaslo, in order to get
even with the villain who edits the
Kootenaian. There is absolutely
no truth in the report, that Jack
was once a Mormon, with 125
wives,, and 180 children, some of
them black:
Jack Evans died in New Den-
Several mines at Beaverdell are
producing high-grade silver ore.
Oscar Lachmund examined the
United Copper at Chewelah last
The Noble Five at Cody is driv
ing a tunnel on the No. 1 group,
Reco hill.
The Consolidated is examining
some copper propositions in Highland "Valley. 3
In the Slocan, the Reco has more
than two miles of tunnels, raises
and crosscuts.
A purse of $500 for the best
rock drillers will be given July 4,
afe Wallace, Idaho.
There are still millions of tons
of ore in Phoenix, and some day it
will all be taken out.
In the Peace river country indications point to an oil belt 12 miles
wide and 300 miles in length.
A company has been formed in
Duncan, with a capital of $50,000,
to mine manganese at Hill 60.
In addition to lead, the Sullivan
in East Kootenay produces about
12000 tons of zinc ore a month.
The Trail smelter turns out 75
tons of spelter daily, which is more-
than the Canadian market takes. -
A movement is on foot to have
silver're-monetized. That wonld
give ife a standard price of $1.29 an
Oil has been found afe Clo oose,
on the west coast of Vancouver
Island, and several claims have
been staked.
Oil shales and porous dolomites
gtve forth oil springs at Great
Slave Lake, and the lower McKenzie river. Some wells will be
drilledjhis summer.- ��� -	
There are 37,000 square miles of
peat in Canada, bufe the production
only-amounts to a few hundred
tons. Europe uses for fuel 20,000,-
000 tons of peat every year.
In the small oil fields south of
Calgary five wells are producing
petroleum.- The product is 50 per
cent., or more gasolene. One well
flows, three are pumped, and the
others flow at intervals.
In B. C, at the mouth of the
Fraser river, and in fehe Flathead
valley Tertiary Ijeds are being examined for oil. The conditions of
deposition are different from fehoae
found in Southern California.
Last year fehet Crow's Nest Coal
Co., produced 681,942 tons of coal,
and 183; 771 tons of coke.
A two-ton track is operating on
the South Fork of Kaslo creek,
carrying ore and supplies.    '
ver, October, 1892t He was fehe
first man feo cross-the big divide in
that town, and his grave was dug
by Ike Longhead and Al Irwin.
For fehe first time since then Ike
visited Jack's grave lasfe month, in
company with' Billy Thomlineon.
Freddie J. Harris of Nelson,
who is not yet eight years old
promises to be a wonderful artist
and cartoonist. While travelling
wifeh hi? grandmother, Mrs. Jennie
Harris, last year he attracted the
attention of many newspaper men
in Spokane, Los Angeles and other
cities. ". J. ,W. Bengongh, and
other eminent knights of the pencil, all agree that Freddie is a gen-
ins for his "age, and that with
etudy, aa the years roll on, he will"
become one of the leading artists
of the world.
At Loon Lake, Wash., the Loon
Lake Copper Co. resumed operations last week. The new mill has
a'daily capacity of 75 tons. The<
shaft is down 500 feet, and the
mine has 28,000 tons of ore developed.
Major A ugns W. Davis is superintendent of the Dolly Varden afe'
Alice Arm. This is one of the
rickest silver mines in America,
and already more than $1,200,000
has been expended upon development.
A. W. McCune is expending
$100,000 running a tunnel at the
Queen, on Sheep Creek. The
shaft on tbis property is 800 feet
deep. The Queen ia a gold proposition and has a small mill. Mr.
McCune is one of the pioneer operators of Kootenay. He is very
wealthy and owns much stock ina
$60,000,000 mine in Pern. THE     LEDGE      ftREENWOfYD.     K      n.
Buy Cuficura Soap When
You Buy A Safety Razor
And double razor efficiency. No mus.
no slimy soap, no germ:;, no waste, no
irritation even when shaved twice daily.
After shaving touch spots of dandruff or
irritation, if any, with Cuticura Ointment.
Then bathe and shampoo with same cake
of soap. One soap for all uses. Rinse
witli tepid or cold water, dry cently and
dust on a few grains of Cuticura Talcum
and note how soft and velvety your skin.
Absolutely notliiiiK like the Cuticura Trio
for every-day toilet uses. Soap to cleanse
and purify. Ointment to soften and soothe.
Talcum to powder and perfume. Sample
each free by mail. Address: "Cuticura,
Dept. N. Boston, U. S. A."
Pack Eggs For Winter
Kggs  niii  be  packed  now  for  next
winter's use.    G. E. Greaves, with tlic
Kxtension    Division,    North    Dakota
Agricultural   College,   found   that one
| locality tli;u shipped ont  150 eases of
1 eggs    in    the  slimmer  had    75 eases
I shipped hack in  the  winter when the
j price   had   nearly   doubled.     This   was
I poor   economy   and   could   have   been
I largely   avoided   if  some   of   the   eggs
j had been packed..   Any housewife can
procure    waterglass     from  thc     local
I drug store, and  by  following instructions  she  caii  pack  enough  eggs  dur-
i ing   (he   summer   months   to   last   her
; through     the   winter,  ami     al   a   very
small   cos!.     Oilier   preservatives   can
be used, such as lime, sail, or lime and
sail, but walerglass i.- cleaner.���North
Dakota  Agricultural College.
How Marshal Foch
Rebuked Germans
Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.
I lie
Vear  H<
Growth of Railroads
capital   liability     of   Canadian
as  slated
: for  19IX.
lhe     Camilla
grown   from
K I .N" O S V O N,
P��rl of the Art* rvur*r miiy be covered by
Mining,   Chemical, Civil,
Mechanical   and   Electrioal
July aad August. December to April
so GEO. Y.  CHOWN, Registrar.
T"1  ���Wii"" '""���"'"""=���
Gen. Von Winterfeldt, When Asking
for Armistice, Wore French Cross
of Legion of Honor
Thc tactlessness, hick of good taste,,
and utter mental obtusencss of the
average Prussian is well illustrated by
a breach of the proprieties committed
last fall when Germany made her appeal for an armistice, thc offender being no less a personage than Gen.
Hans Von Winterfeldt, chief military
plenipotentiary of the mission sent by
Germany to ci.ll on Marshal Foch to
arrange  for  terms,
lt appears that General Von Winterfeldt, who should have been well
informed ou points of military courtesy, since lie was reared at the court
of Berlin and later spent many years
in Paris as military attache, some
months before the outbreak of the
war was seriously injured in au automobile accident while attending
manoeuvres of the French uilny in ihe
south of France, lie was tended with
lhe tiluiosl solicitude by the most
j ly 16,M.\1J-I in livG to $1,985,119,991 in j eminent French surgeons. During his
i 1917; the passengers carried, u ho i illness President I'oineare called on
j numbered 5,199,-110 in 1875, were 53.-] him aud decorated hint with the Cross
j 7-l(!,tiS0 in 1917. and the freight carried ! of Officer of the Legion of Honor.
��� aunu
j tons
1917. Gross earnings, which in 1875 ! service of the German Government at
were $r.',-l/U,.->.iV, were ^3!0,771,479 in San Sebastian in Spain, doing no end ���
lr'17. of harm to llic people who had Ireat-
  j ed  flint  with   such  consideration.
The oldest living Ihiiig iu the world!      lltnv  lll<:  Prussian    general    roused
is  thought   to   be   the   famous  cypress'11'1' >rt-' <>���   lll��   French  marshal during
illy  has increased from 3,670,836 j     When the war broke out Von Win-
in   1875  to   l_'l,9l(i,272     ions  in I terfeldt took charge of the espionage
Gross   earnings,   which  in   1875 , service of the
$19,-179,339.  were
How Best to Overcome the Troubles
That Afflict Women Only
The most fateful years in a woman's life are those between forty-five
and fifty. Many women enter this
term under depressing conditions
through overwork, worry or a neglected condition of the blood, and so
thcy suffer heavily. Still, variations
of health at this time can be relieved
by home treatment.
Among thc commonest symptoms
arc headaches and pains in thc back
and sides, fever-flushes, palpitation,
dizziness and depression. Women
stand in need of rich, red blood all
their lifc, but never more so than in
middle age, when the nerves are. also
weak and over-wrought. Now every
woman can prove the prompt help
afforded to her- health by renewing
her blood supply. It is a test that
any ailing woman can make by taking Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, for
these pills make, rich, red blood, which
in turn helps the appetite, strengthens the nerves and restores robust
health. Thousands of women have
found in Dr. Williams' Pink Pills the
means by which new health and a
brighter outlook of life, were gained.
In proof of this is the voluntary testimony of -Mrs. J-l. S. Peterson! Mil-
ford, Om., who says: "I have suffered great ly from those troubles that
alllict my scn, aud I have found lhat
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills in such cases
not only .Jo all that is claimed for
them, lint more. Dr. Williams' Pink
I'ills have done so much for mc that
Goats On Exhibition
The Tale Of A Toad
London, Fugland.���A correspondent of the Morning .Post writes that
at the Nethcrseal Colliery, Burton-on-
Trenl, a toad has been found buried
in a coal seam 200 yards beneath the
surface and a mile from the pit shaft.
When a miner's pick struck into the
pocket of clay out rolled thc toad.
Three inches in length, with skin like
that of a young alligator, it has no
mouth, but it i.s evident it once possessed one, though ihe aperture is
now sealed up. It is recovering its
sight and moving about.
of the village of
'uie. a few miles
Experts have, es-
hetween five and
It is said to have
stripling   two   hundred   years
in   the  churchyard
���Santa     Maria  del  'I
from   Mexico city,
timatcd   its   age  as
six thousand years,
been   a
old when Cheops
Hie armistice negotiations is thus related by a writer iu lhe X'ew Vork
Evening .Sun:
Marshal Foch   received tlie German
Remarkable   Advance   Made   in   the
Industry in British
The remarkable advance made in
thc goat raising industry in British
Columbia during thc past few ycars
was demonstrated at the annual exhibition of the B.C. Goat Breeders'
Association, held in Victoria early
this month. Seventy entries were
paraded around thc show ring, Saa-
nens being in the majority, while Tog-
genburgs wcrc also very well represented.
In tbe opinion of Dr, Knight, who
acted as judge, tltc standard of billies
and nannies at the exhibition far surpassed anything ever brought together in Western Canada. It was
only after considerable hesitation thaT
lie picked thc winners in a number of
classes, merit on points being practically even between the contestants. Dr.
Knight officiated in the stead of Dr.
Kansom, of Vancouver, who was unable to attend because thc strike had
tietl up all shipping between the main-
kind and the capital.
A few years ago the goat class at
the British Columbia exhibitions could
not be considered a serious attraction.
Indeed, it was all'but classified as a
joke, aud the few specimens shown
were by no means representative of
the better class of animals. But there
has been great improvement, and the
Profiteering In Canada
I  urge    every    weak    woman    to try
them, and  they  will soon  realize lite j Victoria,   Vancouver aud  tVcw  West
mrakJ"lini'ri'1,Ce '"  ��nC'S  hCah1'   tlU;y  """sler    exhibitions,    as well as    tltc
If  you   suffer   from  any  of  the  ills'scorcs     of    smaller'    fairs    scaltercd
thai particularly afflict ' womanhood {throughout the province, devote con-
! you should avail yourself at once, of j sidc.rable attention to goats. Much of
,11k' health help of Dr. Williams' Pink;llle advaiicc publicity of the big fairs
! I ills.    Vou   can   get   ihem   from   any!- ���
; dealer   in   medicine  or   by   mail   post j,s wmtcnl
around  the    nannies, and
)iii!t the
delegates in the railroad car which he
made his home, ."ind which was ihcu
switched on a siding in the forest ofj
Coiiipicgnc. When the German cmis-'
sarics were ushered into his presence
and Von Winterfeldt saluted, the
ordinarily impassive marshal's eyebrows, for once in the war,  went
j for   $2.50   from   Thc    Dr.     Williams'
Medicine   Co.,   Brockviile,  Ont.
Nights of Agony conic in tlie train
of asthma. The victim cannot lie
down   and   sleep. is   driven   from   his
brain.    What grateful relief is the im-| Ko   wonder,  for the  German  general
mediate ellect ol   Dr.   I. D.   lvellogg's   ��� ��� ,  ,    ,  ., ,-, , .
Asthma   Reuiedv.       ]f banishes     the ! had llucl  thc '""edible impudence  to
frightful   conditions,  clears   the   pass- M*011   lor   tiu-   occasion
ages, aud enables the afflicted one to   Officer  of  the   Legion  of   Honor, be
again  sleep  as  soundly  and   restfully j slowed upon  liim bv  President   Poin
child.    Insist
! paid  at  50 cents a box  or six boxes 'stress    i.s  laid  upon  the    superlative
qualities of the animals already entered. In Vancouver, a number of
the animals imported last year froiii
Texas, under civic supervision, "will
find a place in the enclosure, but as
they arc of a nondescript breed they
are not likely lo rank high among the
prize winners. ,
Public Ownership
Visitor (in public, gardens, intcrest-
i ed    in botany):'   Do you    happen  to
I know  to   what   family  that  plant  bc-
l,p:! longs?'
Old Gardener: I happen to know it
don't.belong lo no family.   That plant
the   Cross   oh,,, ,      , ,      ,'     ..
| belongs to the  park.���Morula   1 itncs-
as it child.    Jnsist on  llic genuine all   ,..,.,-        ., ���    ,   .  ,   ������ ,.
�� | care helore the war, in total disregard; .1T>, "-,     ���,     ���-. ,,     ������      _ ���,    ,
���     f  .,      ,    ,    ,   ,     ���   r     "ii-f- Black   Watch ���The   Best   Black
Iof   the   lael   that  all   L'rench   distinc
your nearby druggist.
fired  with 1 l'0,lS   bestowed  upon   Germans
i ad
A  young  man   who  was
love says lie  thinks  it   was  the end's ! be(*'n ���"���"���"'���lied by the war, in the same j
���    -'        I . "
; Plug Chewing Tobacco "on the Market
father  who  acted  as  fireman.
Fiume and St. Vitus
Finnic, ���-���which has been responsible
for a nerve tension at thc peace con-j
lereiicc. ��� is oddly enough associated;
���with the cure of nerve 'trembles. . It"!
was .once tailed- Vilopolis, ' because,
-specially    renowned    for    the cult of
Mother Graves' Worm F.xlcrniina-
tor will drive worms from the system
without injury to the child., because
its action, while fully effective, is
All   some   women   talk, about   is
well, about eighteen .hours a day.
St. Vitus, the boy martyr invoked lor;
the healing of" nervous'disorders, particularly thc chorea, named 'after Jiiui
'"St. Yitus-s dance.'"The present name
of sthis."   coveted-'port, is    abbreviated i
froni     the long     Italian  title,'   whicli!--
nivalis-.'-lhe  river that  flows  past  the
���fane of St. -Vitus."     '      -     - ��� '
1 r0 .-I Minard's."Liniment Cures Colds, Etc.
Film Company To Tour
way that French naval and military
men and citizens had "scrapped" every German decoration that they had
Before returning the salute Marshal Foch, fixing his eye on the Legion's cross and red ribbon on the
general's breast, exclaimed in thc
most .sharp,and ctiltii'ig' tones:--"Monsieur! [-authorize you to-remove that
cross  at   once   from .'your'breast!" ,
Gen. Von \YiiiterlVldt, thoroughly
disconcerted,  removed ,il,' and
Audible Wireless
Telephoning Possible
It   is   Nov/   No   Trick   to   Magnify
Sound Indefinitely
Wireless   telegraph   and     telephone
Desperate Food Raids. - communication is advincing by leaps
Copenhagen.���Martial law has been  and bounds, and it seems well within
proclaimed in the entire zone of Ham-jthe bounds of possibility   that before
long, it will largely supersede all other
kinds, of distance transmission. According to a recent interview with
Tout Lambert, a wireless telephone
woman of engineer of San Francisco, it is now
no trick to magnify sound four or live
million limes or indefinitely. By this,
he- explained that .be did not mean
power of  transmission,. and   weiit  on
burg harbor as a  consequence  of an
increase in raids upon food depots.
.Men are born robbers.    Every time
a   man  marries  be  robs  a
her, name.        - .
-    Stale' "oi ',Uliin,    City   .of    Toledo,     l.nca
Comity���>.-. _.- . ,   -,      ,   ������
Frank. J.   Clicm-y   mnUes   oiuli   llu'ii   lie   i
senior   jjiirt.iicr..oi   the .limi   of   I1'.-J.- Clieney.
ro .mention   thai. in".a   test.
msu..l(1;-&  Co.. :i!i>ii.K  business-!.,  tlic-City "of folcdlv1 !"- " "��-������'��������" .."' -''-1*- }" -*���. -est.   niade;; 1C-
.,..-., , ,, " iloimty. :i:ul    h-tale   aforesaid,   and    that " said -centl V   a    phonograph    was   Connected
ol laying it down cm the. table, placed , linn u-.il i>.-n- ilie. sum of ONK IIUXDKKI)     '��� ,  ' ,.,- " ...... ,--.   -
7-t      -    i-  -     -r�� :   1-. -    '���.        f    *   i        - ii ."       i -   -    ii    ���      UOl.l.AttS   for   anv   ea-.-   of   Cat-ii-rh   thai! vv,t" :U1 amphlieral midnight,, and tlie
Canadian Rockies f,l.rallirrslii*c|.islily and :iwkw:irdly.in  ������������',   ilc "">   "���-
his   pocket.       It- was   only- then
Filming About "Twenty-Five Hundred ' iU;!rsl,:''   ' foch     ueknpwledged
��� ' salute aiid   coiis.enled   lo   proeeei;
blisiii.es-;.   -        '    - " ���- ���" -"
iny    cas
i-aimot    lie    cured    by    tlic
...   .!..'. KHA.VIC .1. CHK.VKV
tllC-j -, Swoiu    io    before    ir,e    and    Miliseril.cd
use   of   IIA1.1-'S , RKpcrinicntcrs were.lifting, it up -grad-
- 7 Blind Canadian Soldiers'.-   -
, lit" ihe report of thc ".Overseas .-.Min-
-i.-.ter  of   Militia' for   1918,   which, has.
���   ,-     '"   ",-,-,    :,   ...-���'   '���-.   ,- ," ',,.'    i hftceh:,lpeople,   arc
just been publisneu, .u .is-.stated l-hati.-.    - -      ,'.,--,    ���".    - ��� -��� ,:.
,.,  ,-.-      ,--    -       l I-''"- i '-���'   i- ��� X '���- route'-to Lake Louise, Banll
66 Canadian   -.soldiers.-who   -lia'i. lost ���.   ���   ���   ���
��� their .eyesight-' while-dir active- service
had attended.St. P'lin'stai'i-'s-'Roslel for
Blind'-Soldiers, of whom''about. $(r. arc
;Sli'l". re ce iv in'!;
slit'ution- ,-
���iust'r.ti.c.l-ion iit,.'tliat "iii-
Feet of Our .Canadian   .
: Resorts       "M"1' "
��� - Word  has been  received- in   Winiii
.peg "that" the 'Fred- Stone   Film  Com-.j
pahy'of Los"" Angeles; Cal..-a party off
in   Vancouver   en-
���ind other 77.    ^c. * Right.to Die by" Whole--
Canadian "RockVixsorts, .for liie/p'tir-\~i-;'��� ."'��� sa> ; of. the-_ Plague'     '
'"''���- "  .-'."i-'���    Thyir .niilinii'.y ..reverses  are" dtic
the    '" '""
t In
iImn' 'Cth    da
of . l>tjceuib-er,
lually to supply all San Francisco wilh
-song and amusement when the police
The Bolshevist Failure
l-Bols.hevist" Utopia. Demonstrated
i my    presctu'c
|A.n.   isso,   -.."'.- .       i.urged them to dissent. In the sl:;dium
!      (Sea.;  A.W.  t'.leason, -Notary  Public.        .   ~'i    .   ,-   i i        ,���   .      .'i       .���   i- .- .   i
-   IIAI.i.'S CATARRH-MKIMCINK is  taken |;tt- v.'0|dcn (.r.itc  the ticking Ol  a watch
internally ami, acts /itiiousli thc.lJlond oi, the ��� was   nl;ul(.  ., licli Ijlt;._ all   over   the   grand
.Mucous. Surfaces of tiie System.
Itrimgists   Tbr.    Tcs'tiiuonials  free. ���
,K.  .1.. Clieuey  &   Co., Toledo, Ohio.
pose' of - filming . western -story  wlti'cliV
'-The.1 ni/j.re
-- thc'niore "h'e
��� bread."-- the*, baker
���kneads.--.     '-_   -   ���".
Tact .'that  there   is   rottenness   at"
core, of - tin ;��� Holslicvis.l'structure.;
The -people,.arc losing "conli'd*'n,ce in.it
x-catise.it  has   failed. To! redeem-,   "its
XJ'ijiicd-l-1'''0-*^1'^' -; 'u 'I^L-i'c;c of hap'j;in"ess it'hits
'",  "'   - i.K'iveii   . l.iiiVery;' in "place  of ��� -freedom,
Lake  Superior Area
jc-rior, with .it
s<|iiare:-n"iiles, .is. llie larges't--
sland. while an. athletic meet was- m
progress. Capt. Robert ,\V. A. Brewer,-,
one of. the'experimenters, moved off
j'lwo ' thousand  feet  and''spoke quietly
. Lake- Superior, with .its area. of. 31,-,       , ������ - , ,    ,    -, .-. ,-
atin' .���",,.,,".,,,- -l       ���    ,i     i -,' X    i��Mo Jus dog and the dog could not  bc
801.1 square-miles, .is. she largest-bod v   ,- -.,    .--���.-.    ,-,���.'      -     . - -     ',-���,- v,
,'f r     i.       '.'-���   '., - ii   '   -        "-lliel.t.' ..A   wireless  station,  which   Mr.
ol-fresh-water, in the world.      '-������},       ,  -      -   -   -,"   "
...;- .->���:.-'-      ' .  ���-. ,   'Lambert slated he  was not'al  liberty
A  1AU
Airn -i.'c
feet: of our. Canaditui   resorts.-.-    ���-���:
."-This ��� story:.will  be aii  all-Canadian
production,' un'd  will .be',-shown,  wlien'
released,"���." tliro'tigliotit >-   tlie
S.iatcs;. C_.aua.da- and'-. I'.tirope.
.'  Tliis "is   th'c-"'ffrs"t-.lime".a" him ���coui77^,lu1>-; 'I". l>l:f��H:--Of .:>/now1 -.lirc'.'a I'ncw; ���������
paiiv ���has:-over-atlni1pled\o-'sta"gc'''a.i(,ji"il7<,f:u;it!x)IJ:t!:tl^a.1':;^1^
lilnr,at aif v' P'l.our:heatilifu_.xcso'rts,ih ^'^"'^MolshevLst ^lojikr of rights
X J he. . poor j
- -' Agriculture in Alberta .' -
The-, report'..of. the Alberta JMitiisle.r
o'|-..Agriciiiiurc : shows that "U),00J,0'()(i
acres, of laud.'had'been .broken .last
year:.- Tliis-Ls about eight per cent:' pf
the', total -area."of
Io "Maine, 'receiyed  a''telephone .iness-
age'froni  lui'rope, and tt.i'rough'ils am-
���pliher    startled duck, hunters ,-in  the
marshes eight' niik s- ;iway.-
���For'.practical purposes the wireless
While not proposing in this article
to even attempt to define the causes-
or contributing agencies to the excessive profiteering which has been
and is still rampant in Canada, and
also while not attempting to assume
responsibility for suggesting the nature of thc remedy that should be applied, it can be said without any hesitation or qualification whatever that
the Government at Ottawa must act,
act quickly,-act even drastically, ro
put a stop to the extortionate .profit-,
eering in the necessaries of lifc which
has become not only a national scandal, but is so outraging the feelings
of the people that a situation is developing which ' constitutes a serious
menace to the future stability of thc
Thc cost of living has now reached
a height where even men of moderate
incomes are beginning to worry how
to make ends meet, while the man on
small salary and the workmanMcpcnd-
ing on his daily or weekly wage is
becoming almost desperate in his
struggle to feed, clothe and keep a
roof over the heads of himself, wife
and children.
There can bc no question, of course,
that it was not possible for the civilized nations of thc world lo turn
their activities and energies for four
and a half ycars, from the work of
peaceful production and trade, into
thc terrible business' of war and
wholesale, destruction of lifc and property without such loss in production,
and destruction of existing wealth and
properly, having the effect of increasing the cost of all articles that wcrc
made and produced. Under the circumstances, an increase was natural
and inevitable, and, if tlicrc wcrc no
other artificial .contributing causes,
the people would grin and bear it as
one of the prices of victory and thc
securing of the future liberty and
peace of thc world.
Unfortunately, however, selfish interests, lacking thc first elements of
patriotism in their make-up,' took advantage of the world upheaval and.the
necessities of tlicir country and.. all
mankind engaged in a life and death
struggle for their-very"independence-
and existence^ to control and manipulate tlie lifc iieccssitics of thc masses
of the people in such a manner as to
^ pile up enormous profits and wealth
for themselves. These men and corporations took full advantage of the
abnormal conditions existing to accumulate abnormal profits for themselves, utterly callous of the effect on
their fellow citizens and country.
These soulless individuals, and corporations dicUthis at, a timc when all
the energies and thought of thc Government -were centered on thc tremendous, task thrust upon it of prosecuting thc war to a victorious-end, and
when it was, therefore, no easy matter to" keep a close .check upon their
' The war. is now- over and won, ending in', a triumphant victory for democracy, civilization, and human rights
and liberty. It is;'therefore, nowthc
lirst aud chief .-business and duly- of
the Government of Canada to grapple
with tliis problem, put a slop to till
excessive -profiteering, and bring
down the cost of.living in this .country. Tf'.-cau'bc done. ��� It must" bc
done. ,lf.-it is not, llic outlook for
Canada .is far front bright. . . ; -
-A year-or-..so ago the' profiteering
of llie"'pork barons and meat packers
was disclosed to the public gaze and
shocked ,thc moral conscience of thc
It Works! Try It
Tallt   how   to   loonen   a   ��ore,
tender corn  so  It llfti ...'
out without pain.
rj.M'ovince;-    represents  it . gam'
of i
ftflly .expending tlie field developed by
By' Failure V of the  Liver, and
/Kidneys to.Purify the Blood'
��� -; Relief Obtained by. .Use. .7
of7l)r. Chase's.'Kidney-
'-./:'���' '--":7Tjiver Pills. ������������'
been , de-ii.io.iistra.leil -.In- hc-'-a
-j.ili<-: 'by-. w.liole-s;iIc-.-of.'i'..ic -plague-;
j liberty,' - 'the' liberty'" tn be'', idle
! starve". -  In Odessa -the .workmen
the   Rockies,", aiid _'.wil! .rj_e.loo.ked. for
ward -lq.A'vit]i;.g'real  interest -by .those
who'- ha-vc:  seen  and  visited-t.lrcsi;^ rc--
s oris',- and -wilh.woiider bv those .who
J.ave.7vcl   'to'^ee   Xudw n.agnificent ^rpUiPsuSPiciouvof-llu'Sc
scenery-as  our Cauadiah" Kr.ckicsl af-.:ldras   - *''' .,,c-v ",ni>'"c ."o'.objeciioir-lp'
ford-, surpassed',nowhere .in .the^orld7":,uy" WJ^.t'"" ���/��. llu-baiirgoisic,' but
over'2,(100,(10.(1 acres oyer the previous'!
,;-llie. wireless telegraph.    Any wireless
and - niorc- : t liairveigirt, ti ific��, -as i
'< IcJegraplL..!receiving" ,\sci --Ts - -ccjitally.
7 -Too- a'.ueh ea:irii; of heavy, highly-
- **'u.-ione<i   {oorls   ;uid   too   little,    out-
<loor -exercise ara  the iuo.se   Cr'cqu'ent
_ralines. "'Ui'����   liver   ut   Upset,   becorfies '-
torpid   and . inactive,   the. bowels  ara
.i-ijnstlpiteil, thc kldpfrys- are'- overworked   in   an   effort* lo   get   rid   ot
.'llie aecuuvjlatiiiif )>i>isous and break-
di>w;i.'. {!*Mxd3<-He, baeknehe, aeh'Ln'K
limbs koui'J ��l warnins not;1, and
wli-u ..tliw i-i riot lieed^-d th�� niuurat
divejopju/Tit    j..-,  fhouiiiati'mn.     lum-
.-1>*K<X. :.i:i<i jiahifti) and fut.il .forms
ol   ktiliiey fliseas?.
, .To'- iietft ovei-eo:si��! this eomlicion
?>!������ C2iin�� Wivrkff out in Iiih pclvote
practice a 'presuripiion which has
conw to be known au Dr. Chase's
Kldnoy-l-lver Pi'lla.-beea.us<i of their
conibinud" action on these tillering
organ*. N'o treatment has ever
proven so successful in aivakenins
the action of the kidneys, -liver-and.
bowels,   and   thereby   cleansing "th^
- ayateiis of all impuritie?. ,l*'or. this
reason Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver
.Fills . have a -vyorld-wida reputation
an the most thorough cure, for
rheumatism-,   lumbago, '   chronic -Tn-'
- digestion and  constipation,...
Mm.    AJex.    Gordon, .. Wulkeriqji,'-
Ont..   writes;      "A   f��w-. year.s":ago  T.
suffered-   from     kiuney ."an-d ..' liver;
'-���trouble,   with  pains  i:i   my Tiack.'��� T
Farm' Working Hours in"'Scotland. -
' A ' noiable- con I er.en.ee has taken
place- Jiei'.wi'f-C.ii rcprcsciilativcs ;o.t the!
'N'ational -l';ir.iiii";rs'-l..ni'oii" and oi-'" lhe i
I'anii Se.r\'aiu��'-L'liion. 7'J-Jic re.^ult is
an agreement, the final iiieaiiing ut
"which in.ii-;t he the greatly enhanced
cost of food, aiid rlotjiinjr. The main
element in the agree'iuvnt is lhal fru.ir.
\\hit Sundav. 1,.).1,.'I th.e worlcing day
cjii farms shall .he nne.<>. nine hours'
.duralioii. The nine huiir*. arc to tee-,
knit from >laidi' lo Mablcaud are not
U�� include Stable work or ineai hours.
The average uo'kiug week i^ lo- lie
a  week    of r-l  hoiiis--afid    ovcriime,
if leas   . "They 'hay
au'y- cas'.igatioit -of liic
.. j v.ill-'-not ��� "permit-.Mich. -iy hole stile-; ii;7 I
J tionaliz:.ili*in'..iifr-fact.oric.s':is  has "ruin- '
!,.<;d :the--v.-orkTYs-of-;"M.o.*-eow-aiid " I'>.'t
-i-oi>'i:ad,- a.iii
fion;\;i>f, iln*.
j <i\vm-r>'liijf."-- r.nltiuiore ."Sun.-;
' (iuod ..things
igrieultiiral dtuul' in h^1*1'0"0' '.".  rS^r[^ \��\ |'��-"  V"0"^1"':' whole -country:.   Within recent Vecks
the I'arlianictUit'ry committee at Ot-"
tawa inquiring", into lhc high cost of
living'has'dragged into llic. open "light
of day-lhc extortionate profiteering in
which many of lhc. big corporations
of. Canada-:- liavcb.ccn- engaged,"- -and
-wiiich litis enabled thcm. fo pile" up
profits' ranging all" the way- froni 70
'to'3(10 per'ccnl.    These  profits-"!!ave
tlie- "ai';ca under 'i-.rop. in  1909."
go' a�� . .easily ;a"s .had
i good; ..for -.-rcce'iying' telephone niies-
sages',':biu-   the  rtransinilliiiff', 'iii.sl'ru-
! litems'are diil'cY.enl.'" '.Thc-s'cts of.wifeless --telephone- instruments^:. now installed on yntte'd.States airplanes--and.
wtirsiiip.s 'arc- stated., lo be efficient for.
I.I .'tsK.ei
lliey;; insist  oil   i he   felcu-
..iinni agc.r>- .:"i.u d;;   j>riy;it c.'. [-0
Hint' hisconis w'otihl sav ,   ;���.--���-., ,     .. ,   .
eyclHi.it     bother  hin,;-   because; iu.   f^^^U     its .message    llirouSli,:i.
ways; used ,1 '.iituaui.'s (iorsi =.Kxtrac'lor. j born. =lo..,seventi. ofucers,-instead .of to
l   lifiy.'yein s  "l,u,liia"fii.'s"7li.;ts Tieeii [ oiie  only, :. wearing,'  i:'afi)ieci'S!.".'   Tlie
the favorite l>i-y;itisc--|>aits1c-.-ss 4:it'i'd -stirc. j s.-ufic .n\c'tlu>d can -be'" employed to st<L-
dr'ess ��� ,'a'ti.dieii res. X>\ r,'. Ijaittbcrt = ex -
plained . .thai; the; increase- i'n -sound
power  was" olitaiiii-'il   by eoiiucctiug'"a
riUjaiif s,.  J.-ic at
Miller's. Worm  I'o-wdcr-s pro\ c ihvir-- e-i's.r ' ,     |
valttr.     They   <io   mit   cait'-i*  any   sio7    .   . ��� '���-,���y~.���?��� --,      -'
lent' disiurli;int-<-*-' in  the '^Uimacli-, any
pain   or   uriping,   but-  do   their   work
<[ui;e'llv and painlessly, mj tlutt llie. de,-"- ' -   ---. '- -  ;'���-...
strlietion of ihe" uoru'i- is iinpcrccpt^   Sixty Thousand .More :Prench Prison
ibli-.     '"Yet   ll.i'-y- arc     ih<>'rougl.i.   atid.;
from the  first .(lose t-li<;,rc; is" i.m'provi:--'
liu-nl -in _thr  com!ition of the- s'ulTcrer''
and a.n .en I ire Oc.-.-ation   of  ii:anifc-tav''"���'' "'' ���''''' ,uil   l"'i>.f>'V'fs  held -in   tier
tioli-   of  lu! ci ii:d
'Locating' Prisoners Of War
ers Located in .Germany-7���
'aris.--t<i.;i inan" figures on ihir.-niiiu-
Good news spreads -rapidly and
druggists here arc kept busy dispensing freezonc, lhc ether discovery of a
Cincinnati man, which is said to loosen any corn so it lifts out with t|ie
Ask at any pharmacy for a quarter
ounce, of frcezone, which will cost
very little, but is said lo be sufficient
to rid one's feet of evcry hard or soft
corn or callus.
You apply just a few drops on the
tender, aching corn and instantly the
soreness is relieved, and soon thc corn
is so shrivelled that it lifts out without pain. - It is a sticky substance
which dries when applied and- never
inflames or even, irritates the adjoining tissue.
This discovery Avill prevent thousands of deaths .annually from lockjaw
and infection heretofore resulting
from the suicidal habit of cutting
Emphasized Need
For Preparedness
Sir   David   Beatty "and   Sir   Douglas
vHaig Made Important
London,   England.���When ;.Sir'-David. Beatty, conimanderoof the'grand
fleet, and Sir, Douglas Haig received
the freedom of London and a sword
of honor at the Guildhall, as thcy did"
in the sltado\y_of the slatucs oLihcir
famous   predecessors   in English history, Nelson and Wellington, and on
the very spot where tlic latter, as the
Lord Chambcrlain''cfid not fail to.re-
���-���,-.- - (| ���
mark, received the freedom of the city
more than a century ago,- thcy    both
made important speeches.
Field Marshal "Haig particularly
urged military preparedness in thc
future, and Admiral Beatty pointed
out its usefulness in the navy iu thc
past. 7 '.���"".
Speaking firsts as befitted  thc rep- -
rcscntativc of. thc, senior service, Admiral  Beatty occupied .much  time in
disclaiming, any credit for the navy's
victories, .placing it upon  thc shoulders  of- his -men.    Proceeding  lo   the
subject of future, policy, the Admiral
declared���his   unalterable   conviction.
that the British Empire depended entirely on  the sea. - . '
; More explicitly still, "Field.-Marshal
Haig,    from the - "soldiers', viewpoint,
urged  that peace "could only" bc preserved    hi' adequate - preparation for
.-war. - "There' is all the. difference in .
the . world,"   hc  proceeded,   "between-
piling up vast armaments and the sober recognition of. the fact that il is .
-every mail's duty to~ be  prepared  to
defend his country.  - My message to
the, nation, as  a, man who  has  seen
enough of .war,-is  that the'war has
giy.cnr.thei empire .'an -opporlunily^-to.-
sct up it ".strong citizen, ariny on strong
territorial- lines," in" which every rtljkr-
bodied  citizen .will  not al any great
crisis be an ignorant vohuitceiy'but"'.a
.trained, man.'.'   .         ','.-'".
a. distance-of at-lcasf-.- twculy.;"iniles; | bcctl  Ulatic "by thc "meat  packers, the
I and the .wireless telephone ^ii.a-.vfar-1 ll��nu., ,���illing'.companies', thcina'ntifac-
Uirers of clothing,"���in , a "word, the
dcalers-in-those articles-which all lhe
people.' iiutst.buy iu" order to. live.'
'"��� This .selfish" and extortio.nal'c" 'accumulation of great" wealth, by. the few
iit-tlic.expense of .the'-many.is.-one- of
the chre'f: reasons for "the .high cost of-
living, today which is; driving 'men and
woih'eu . to desperation, ..and'Creating
such A feeling of unrest and'-discon-
;*rc-/.ill- too ready .to
act,' upon', tin: advice; unci, suggestions
Huns Have Not Changed
Royal Road to  Lcariilnj
worked in seed-lime anil
bc paid at overtime \\a��
are    io  number 21
l .is',. IS lo
vear,  or
iivii-t   in   tin-     Hmii   of
' therr-are lo bv. Al half-day holidays.-
��� Scottish !���'.'inner.
Canadian Wheat Condition Good
. Uttaw-n.���A   bulletin   issued   hy   the
Bureau  of  Statistics  places  the   total
area   sown ,to   wheat' in   Canada, tikis'
season.'-aI  ���l<i,958-.50('J acres,  tompaivd
[with \7'M.S;mVcres-iu 191S."Th<- area
; sewn'
to. spfing;,\\lic;i{;,-  is .16,16(1.750
.-had   heard   of. Dr.   Chased   Kuln4y'-7j^'^ 67 770o37^ acre's' smaller; '-The
Liiver- Pills - beiuff- good ; foiv-."ih'ij).,.so '|'a'rea*.of-'6ats. is' estimated .at i4..-i6-4.O0O
���I:" corn.menced = taking; -.theiii..---1 -: had. i";irri.�� "' 0:""- 13<i nn'iV-.'a'cr'cs"''- less   than" in
only.-taken  a,.couple  of  bpxfrs ivrh.en-y       .'<-���-
the'-troutila   was aJF-Venioyed,"- ; '���-'-.'.
'.  Mm:-- M..- .-Nickels,     19;2, .'.Milton
,-street."Sarni.1, VrIte.s;;"I have'found
T)r.',Chase-s-Kidney-Liver' Pills/an; ex- -
������'c��ltent rern edy:'-.-"I. sit 'tered': co'nsi'der-
'.ah!y7wit,rt^kidijey"trou-'>>;.ia.nd baek-.
' ai-tiXi iioi-i-XtieryV had.) -'.taken, .".flye.,
:.fioxi>s 'ii!: th>,lC:dp*V'-:L'yec Rills""they-;���
���'f.'kVft-'.in? ..ieIi'ef;-'..-SIn<e- "zhe'n. Jwhich'
' vi'ia- about 'ave-.-e>rs"a^o." I.'k>,ei>:the,ni'.
oii'.' hind," hind' -use''".theaV-". whenever il
r^-*i :Ti<* n?'e'J..af" t���'-?-'''":'.i���'������'���. ���' " '-. X'X-X
������-..rVteXCo**?'* iyi'dn';.i:;-I/ive,f,."PiI!3."-on'e :
,.p:H_ :7''?;>=-?.- LTi .;r>iV'j.ia" hox. all'deat^v
ers. ��� Qr-=.pdiVsai.^o!.;- ."."Bates ,,'i&   Co,;.
I.if:i":;-'���'."'.; r-j-ojito- .'":*!-uJ,3*'t.^'?s. W'U,-
.".oiiiv"". '-l'is.i iipo^'ir,. ' '''<l~r\X:3��'; on'-'' 'getting-
v.'.-i^z'.. y-��.i."'-.?ok' 'X^r;--    ���' -'���'���./. -",.;-���'-    "'���.-.
' Kfuiii /.U,  l\ti-si;i, has disci.vereii what'
.everyone cl.-e  lias failed lo  lind hi'tl**
lerlOf.a   loial   road   to  I; arniu.j.     And
like-every   really   great   dis..-u.\eiy,   il
is si uf rd icily it-iclt.    I'lacard ihe. pni;
i eipal thoroughfares of your toicn yvitli
["portraits iiiid  brief news  iteiiis," and
;.\\!tat have, your    Why, a "i*t.-��-ct  uni-
' ycrsiiy.'"    'Mn this May." declare- the
\ Izv.eslia. "any citizen, iiist'*a*.l of-spf*ti-
��� di.ng years- at  a  bourgeois  muversjtyi'
can  pir'U   up  a   t;eneral- knowledgre  of
the, principal     sul>jc"-ts . as-'    _!e-u'.;Hcs
I'aloiis."'-..'-  -':."-'��� "-������''-.-" ,-'-'  -������������=���'
, many were lotiu.d to : '.he - iiu;oi-.iecl.
'.I.i'iui i-Miralni. .imdcr-sV-cre-tary .-in tli.c
^ rniiti-iiy <if \iar, a'l.iuouiiced in the
chamber of deputies'. More than /)'���>,-
'Mill I'Yi neli prisoners-in-excess of the
[tirnuaii Ji^uris were found in Germany. Tfx- .number uf -French soi-
jdiers inissirijj; in action has reached
..?14.U()0, the Under ���.secretary said.
���The   bodii s  of  the  majority  of   tlie
lni-M!!',;, lie added, it "would be iiiipos-
:"iiiinjber..of Vaciimn valves in iiui!ti|ile
'-uitli; it. \i jriless" reci'Jv'iug SCl. -At'lhc
; lirs.l rccci.vm;.'.-.contact. _;i voice;-u-ill bo
],unruial.- (.-iu,.iii one- vacuum.-.valve, tiiul.j ic,'I(: t|iat" []\'V\.
:-i't-is- niised.seveii .tiiiies;, thereafter- t'le
; iiicn-a-c.' si|tiares: itsilf^r-si-veji times
. scvi-.n to forl.C-i.iin'c ti.m��"s forty-nitie
for the. liexi, and vi. on iiidclijiljel-y.
" (-)-.ii. of llu si- vaciumi valves resembles
; tin ordinary lo-can'dle electric . liylit
! bulb, but the c.leciric viinding; is <.jis-
jsiniilar and ii acts as a "detector" of
1 receiver,���St. Thomas. Tiiiics-Iournal.
Safety  Can  Be  Found  Only" in .the
x y    Military Partnership of   '.
7 tHe 'Victors      "-\ -
.' -J'-aris',���Th.e     Fariss ncwspap.cis..- itr
coniiucnting' upon��� the. decision of the;
German national assembly, to si^n. the -
treaty, lay  stress  on  the' efforts     of
Germany  to  escape- her  rcspon'siiiili-.
tics and \scc in it' proof :.;tliat -tlic Ger-"^
man -in'cntarattitude has; liot-cltfmgcd.
'. The ;Gcniians,;itvis-learned g'ciicr:.
j The Biggest Mummy
i The largest nitiiji'in.y in lhc, world is
I that of aii auiiutd, the Bercsovka-
-iblc to f.n.d, - Inter-allied 'fissions' ���l;M),11,���t|,i i;l 4,'1<;- iv.trograd museum,
were -c.arcl.ins Germany lo ascertain : Thc s-,,ct?ies l,:is been extinct for thoti-
ii -aiiv.yriso.nf.rs still retuained  then-, | s:im,s    of yt..x.^ .iml    u,c  j?er(,so,vka
.      I      : : J mammoth���which  was  found embed- i ...a  ^c,   r,u;G'biv
Amcndnisnts.to the Civil Service. Act;-tlwl in ihi frozcu (,;ir-���s IU_ar l!)c Bcr.  '        *      4
;   <.Mt;u\-a,7-r"lt is tiie inu-ution.to ask: ^ovk-Vi  river
... ^    ....... ,.; ,-.   . ., allv,-will observe the-clauses.of.   thi
ol-extreme-Socialists'and agitators-of .;.  * ���;-���   -   ... ��� -., ���--.-.���-    - ..   .;���    .--;-. -.. -.  ;���
..,.,- , -.-.   ..-.,... trcatv; only   with, a   knife at .-thein
nil kinds.-manv even .being willing-to    ,-    - ' -      ,, -     .-:--;    -,,>   ���-. ,..    - .-���
-     ,-���:-"��� ",'   ', .   - -.-'. .-.      f-ihroats,. and. point  to   the  deliberate.
go to the Length of revoltitioh against   ,    ; ���      .     -   , -.   ���->,-   - --,. .   . -    .
.,-.-,       -, -.---   ,  destruction of the.German    ships   at -
all constituted :authorily.
It is iio'tsiiflir.ietit''that -Parliament
should succeed iu ���definitely^exposing
these evils, ';itid'th_iis. confirm what the
people .have - long suspected."-; Tlicrc.
iitust j>c action by the.Governnicht-'to
end these evils.. - Unless 'such action
follows -swiftly upon these" disclosures
more .harm than, good, will have .been
done,-'because thc'fc.tlings of unrest
arc.bciiig intensified by the facts made
known:   .The. Government   must   act,
Scapa, Flow, as a' symbol-and a Svarn-'.-;
ing7 -'":' -���..'.:'",-'\7  X'[-~    ir"y   X-'iX    X
Belief is expressed, by. thc. Echo'de' ''������
Paris that-the-.resistance of the Germans,~ manifested" not only, at tS'capa ,-
Flow,- .but'.atvall - points ,in ��� Europe ���'.
where Mhcy-arc ���  not    liound 7 down   :-
tigh'lly, will show,  the allics't'iat'safc- : .-
.ly can be .found only iii ��� the* military,
partnership   of   the  victors. ;-~
\<ith,.-f-6-iih: i91Sf,falI -wheat -10.1,--.'ib.m
pared .v/illV. 75.-; .ail wheat 93,;compar-l
ed; \yith'''96-;: oafs  95-,_-c.oii.tpared '" with
'Ofi-: barley <fX, conipareil.With���"98;:"ryc
���V)\," compared-, witli." 9.4-'. "    ���' ':;'"..-"f'\ '
l?18>-;>.v.-77--:-7;v'. iifX ��� ���: XXxy, -,
- ; The avrrairc condition-as of-.-ilav.'31 i.-  .   -     --, , .   .-.-..-..   ���-.-.-.
-.'���,-."-.,-   ." -'-r.- .-..-- ���     '.',���:' ';'..---.���'..-.'-cxprcss-cd-lus-intention, to rcsigirfrom,
loilows-:  bprmg-- wheat;-9S,  compared:--- X. -    -��� ���    --.���.',--.'.���--'   ,-     .    -'  ,
,i"-rfj?-r.' it : t.���_'_'__'- 1-ai .'-'���:-"_..-.'"' 1 office as'-'sooti-as.tiic. ,treaty"iS-:proiinil-.
gated; feeling' that he' hasacccniplish-'
e^l-tlie-task'fdr-twliicli lie-'assu'riicd the
pr.eihi'ership.-'say.s.'-Murcer Htitin'in'.thp
in- northeast. Siberia ���
���   ; ������-.������������":-'���'-���'���"      ��� v   '-,- - ,;'l��i-lim<;ciit duVing the. present, session; jjrobr,bIy. iiycil'tii^ ;'ilimijJahdl-vears'
--  . CIemenceau*s'Work.Dbne-'...-V-:'ll'6-!,:is:^lhc.'ProPost^ a,,lcildl"c,Hs:.to|:1go7c r-;..v;-= 7:^'7 7; XxxiiXXxX.y
Pans.;iPrerfticr;"^ 7,'"' x"- '."-'XxX-y y\ X \
fect-at, ,61'ice -the -".hew..- classification, of j *- '   .;��� .JLondon-AerialDerby
tlic. civil service,!' said.-thcTlori, ,'A.Kl .."-."The -.revival- of '.the i. London, Aerial
'-   BtiFning; kisses-  aUv-j>'s.
sparks. --' ���    -^ r -y *- ."  ," .'
y\J-.:Xi: WO
MacL'c'a'ii in- ahswc^- to: an'-inquiry as
to- whether there Syjis'any ^truth "iti'the
report !.tliat 'thc.-cjassinc'aVioiiV'was.' to
be ;hcl,u:,over- until ncxt'sessibn'...- XXxi.
.;'��� lie also .saici,��� tliai/.^tlic,.'-.;,p'ropbsed
aij.ieiidin'e.n'ts.-'td the. civil scrvjcp?act
provided lnachinery. b3' which.'changcs
. .-\\,"iicn .a.'nia'Vried couple .or^3'f>air-:of j in' the- classification.'"could": be,.easily.
shoe's, arc - c.-tacily  al'ike-'-they -fail   to, made 13'11'd- without".���Availing, for ���-,. an-
Bciio-.de -Parish'".''' I.tX-is':expected"...that
parliaiiicnt,'-\vijl ratify -,the "treaty.iatic
in1 July, ���������-:: ^7.;'"' :��� ���'���   \    7- :'.'��� '���
a' ntttng  pair.-.
."otiifr^Cssio-ri-'of: parliamehti
Derby.'"- was'^ woii'. by ;Captaiu ;Gaih.er-
g6od.'.'���:,Thc" ^vinn"ci;->madc'- the. ilight..of
t\vo~-ciixuiLi;df, L:6.ntloii,""'a'ggrcgating
190-ijiiles, 'in7877minutes -aiid";45 Vsec-
onds!, ;"His -ayeragc," speed'- jvas.T40
miles'-an' ^hotir'.-'; .-;��.TIic bcs.t..pr���yi.ou.s
AvlVch'..-..H.e',';floV". ?r,-^rt" average"! ..of:; 76
liiiles aiiiioiir.'r;Tlic;rac'e!iias'n6tb'een
'coiiie'stcd^.-^ice/WM.*;1!. ' '-:'-'-'���-: '>;--:;   --.
Weekly Holiday for Postmen
:, Toronto.���-The Dominion government ihas - conceded,'tq. the postal employee's ;tltc~ 44-hour ,'wc'ck, - ahd.ac-
tiordinglya lialf - holiday vvyil! .be -given
to thcm .the,year- round,-..the half ��� holi-
day.'.to .fall on Saturday :afU*r:ioon as
far-as. possible.'-!'- ;    :;i.-",-'--  .:���---���"'���-
'.'Reading-.tiresome poetry; when von I
are Tsad; is jquivalcnt'.^'to reading-7a
"cookbook yvlicn^you arc/tifed.---",.-7"=;���",'
.Xhe*i\vise 7rnari,knows; -enough- to
conceal-.-vvlial  lie  doesn't -know:'.- V-WSWtttlAfc^ui
*����� wu ���' mmmmMmmmmmBmamrvaammmxmMmatikmnrn
THE     I/RTK^R     fn?-RENWOOT\ -' T-i '    r
Berlin.���The German government,
headed by Phillip. Scheidcihann, ljad
planned to refuse, to sign the, peace
treaty and to permit-the allied forces
to march into Germany its far as the
Elbe, where it would be attacked .by
strong German forces, the Danzig
correspondent of.the Tageblatt declares in a. dispatch describing the dc-
tails-ofa;.secret plan to create a separate state in northeastern Germany.
The plan failed, because of differences
of opinion between the government
and the army leaders, thc correspondent says.
A report from Geneva Thursday
night said tlr.lt' Herr Schcidemann
had arrived in Switzerland after crossing the frontier on foot.
The last proposal made by thc conspirators, planning to oppose the-
allies, it is said, was to ask Poland
. to combine wilh eastern Germany
in the formation of an independent
republic. The offer, it is declared,
was rebuffed by lhe Poles, who asked
why il had not been offered ten years
Details of the secret plan to.create
a separate state in northeastern
Germany are revealed by. the Dah-
��� zig correspondent of the Tageblatt,
- who says it was thc intention to cooperate with thc Grand Duke of
Mecklenberg in the establishment of
either a   republic or  a. monarchy  lo
Policy Of The
Allies In Russia
A  Strong Russian Democracy. Must
Be Reconstituted
Paris, France���Jn a debate in the
'French Chamber of Deputies on thc
Prussia,   West   Prussia, j Russian policy of thc French govem-
includc East
and Posen. The plan, he says, was
favored by Adolph Von. Batcriki,
president of East Prussia, Herr
Sclinackenburg,: president of West
Prussia, and-.Herr Von, Buelo, president of Poseri.
Herr Wig," the-national commissioner for Posen, and the two Prussian provinces, the correspondent
declares, was to head the movement,
and was to bc in charge of the military  forces, which  were  to  make ah
��� xy-
immediate attack as soon as-the peace
treaty was signed.
The-plan was disclosed, it is added,
when various generals interested had
a conference withythe government
leaders at-Weimar. General Groc-
ner, the chief commander, it is declared, was the first to decide to abandon thc plan. Malhias Erzberger,
head of the Gcrmatv-armislicc commission, also was involved. Herr
Noskc, the minister of defence,    the
End Of Winnipeg Strike   [Rejoicing Over
Advent Of Peace
mcnt, Mr. Stephen Pichon said that
Russia had been.and would again be
France's ally. No durable peace, hc
declared, was possible so long as civil-.
war! lasted in Russia. This was the
opinion of Alexander Kerensky and
Mr. AxcntiefT.
In order -t.o-stop the civil war, the
centre of the anarchical contamination, whicli was Bolshevism, must be
eradicated, hc continued. A strong
Russian democracy which could resist   the   German   influence   must   bc,;in Market Square on Friday night and
Bunch of Alien Enemies Are Recommended for Deportation
Winnipeg.���Twenty-eight alien enemies, arrested during Saturday's
riot, have been recommended by the
police for deportation, Crown Prosecutor Graham annoiinccdin the police
court. ���/'
The men will bc kept at the central
police station and thc provincial jail
until their cases arc investigated by a
board of immigration -officials.
Comrade Martin, who took a prominent part in the pro-strike returned
soldiers' mass meetings, when it was
decided to hold a "silent parade,"
which- precipitated the riot, was arrested by thc _city police.'
.Martin addressed the mass meeting
Allied Soldiers Take Part in Celebrations   /���
Copenhagen.���There was a remarkable spontaneous outbreak of rejoicing wlien the news that Germany had
decided to sigh the treaty reached
Copenhagen. "Many contradictory reports of the-proceedings at Weimar
kept thc people in suspense until just
before seven o'clock Monday night,
when the guns of the British grand
fleet and French warships in the roads
shooting in salvos announced the
The crews of the vessels, .-both-in
jthe harbor and in the roads, started
whistles-aud sirens going, and climbed  the  masts  cheering  lustily.    Pre-
reconstitutcd, and to perform this an j the    meeting held in  Victoria
appeal must bc madc to all thc conf.-- Saturday morning.
slructivc  elements in  Russia.      Tliis"j    Chief  .Newton  stated  that 220  po:
Park | vionsly the allied warships had been
Solving Troubles
Arising From Strike
was thc policy of the allies    and no- ��� liceincn had quit
tably of thc French government.
uul  that about  180
cleaned for possible action.
Winnipeg.���In a signed statement,
Mayor Charles F. Gray pleads for
labor, cmpIo3rcrs, returned soldiers,
Dominion, provincial . and civic governments to co-operate "in making an
earnest and determined effort to right
any wrongs" which gave rise to the
general sympathetic strike just ended.
"Wc must face the serious facts witn
some intelligent solution of the alien
labor and excess profiteering- and revolutionary propaganda problems,"
concludes thc statement.
Refusal to reinstate    strikers    may
lead   to   further  walkouts  in   individ-
��� ual  tVadcs.    Labor leaders  are  faced
Many of the scatnen got shore leave j by hundreds of men who find thcm-,' department and has been placed in the
birth,-was arrested this morning on
a charge of taking part in the riot
of last Saturday. He is a prominent
foreigner in Bolshevik politics in the'
city, and hat occupied the attention
of the police many times on account
of his alleged pro-German sentiment.
.Informations have been 'issued
against a number of rich patients now
coiifim-d in the general hospital,
As soon as they are released they
will be served with' a warrant on
the charges of taking part in the
riots- in which they vvcrc injured.
The information hits been laid at the
instigation   of   thc   at lornej-general's
and joined lhc throngs in the already j selves .without     employment     and
| crowded streets, singing    and cheer- j charge  employers    with    discriniina-
Thc: -���-������.-���" .-..--.-, *...(,...���      x..,-^ j
wtrc;ing.    Long processions  \vc:t: formed, ��� tion.   Such cases arc being considered
Refused Turkeys Claim
That Its Territories Be Restored Undiminished
Paris.���Thc allied council has rc-
corrcspondent asserts, had a clitTicult (pUCvi t0'the Turkish memorandum,
task in persuading thcm to give upj saying- that it could not accept the
the plan.- JTurkish  claim   that  its
-The government,    it    is    declared, j restored undiminished,
feared  that Hocrsing, instead of op-J    The memorandum,    embodying
J of these would be taken back.
j cases of some  forty,  he  said, ... .
under advisement. }"'" w**'c'1 numerous Hags of the allied : by thc executive oflicers of the various
'��� Thc old members taken b.-u.k have! nat'ons wcrc borne aloft. The sing-j unions. The general strike couiniit-
!all sign��d the- same agreement as lbc!'"R of the Marseillaise and other pa-j tee is still in operation, it is learned
'firemen, which forbids affiliation wilh';lrio,ic i0llSs was to bc heard every-: at the labor temple, and will meet to
the Trades and Labor Council and the jw'lcrc'      French    and  British sailors ; receive     reports    on     discrimination
taking    part iu sympathetic   .slrikcs..i".archcil tp the national Danish'nson-! fr0ii
Kaeh man before being again accept- !������"��������*   commemorating   the   war
cd for thc force appeared personally ;1864- and dccoraled it with flowers
The   populace   wildly   cheered the | reinstatement,
the  unions.    When   the     strike
of'; committee    is    disbanded,    a general
committee will be formed to deal wilh
crating against thc   Poles   with   the I plea  for the  continuance of the  old
troops tinder his command, would j Turkish empire, was submitted to lhc
turn about face aiid march on Berlin'council of ten by the Turkish dele-
in an attempt to re-establish the for-jgation.    Thc memorandum  set  forth
territories   be i before   Chief   Newton   and
oath-of office and  signed  thc
In the course of a statement given!    Whcn  da''k,,ess    fell'-Hie warships j being  handled  entirelvby  the  inter-
out dealing.>yith the activities .ol   thcj.wcrc lighted up*   with..  incandescent j national officers.   Strikers applying lo
took   the!     i ne   populace   wntiiy   cuccreu inc.; reinstatement,  according    to   present
.l(,rec. I allies, who hail won'Schleswig again j plans,
���for Denmark.- 7 i   ���.Reinstatement ofrailway strikers is
mcr emperor on the throne.
California Senator Characterizes
r     Them as "Hun or the East"    ...���'.
Washington, District of Columbia.
���Speaking before the. house immigration committee, James D. Phclan,
democrat, senator from California,
declared���that, for its own preservation, thc timc has come when the
United States government mttst put
up the bars against all Japanese immigration in the future.      ������������-.
The California senator urged that
Japan could not -reasonably j'cscnt
such action by the United States as
had been taken by the Tokio government toward China.
'Characterizing the Japanese as the
."him: of-the cast," the senator from
California reiterated his charge that a
Japanese syndicate had attempted to
purchase 800,000 acres of the most fertile land in thc San Joaquin Valley in
California, and that the transaction
vvas only halted when he .complained
to the state department.
Havoc Of Tornado
.that thc Turkish government was prepared lo recognize the independence
of Armenia and grant some form of
autonomous government to, Palestine
ad Arabia, under Turkish governors.
Cyclone Caused $3,000,000 Damage at
7-7'��� 'X'Xy'Ptvgas Falls
Fergus! Falls, Minn!���State ���'military
authorities'jn charge of the' toriiado.-'
stricken district of this city had compiled a list of '48 persons who arc
known to havc died as a result of-the
cyclone. The officers in charge .estimated the total death list at not less
than 60.-       ,���./ '77
.Mayor Frankbcrg estimated that
thc city's" financial loss from Sunday's
tornado is not less. than $3,000,000.   '���"
"A'careful survey of the city shows
that the early .estimate .of a million
and a.half loss is too conservative,
and that -the actual loss is at least
$3,000,000," s'aid the.mayor.
.. "Forty per cent, of the resident
district is in ruins, about thc same
portion of thc business- district has
been demoralized."
Big Dirigible To Garry Mail
From United Kingdom to Prominent
Canadian Officials
Halifax, N.S.���H. R. Silver, president of the board' of trade, who recently cabled the agent-general for
Nova Scotia iii London to endeavor
to have the Britisii Admiralty use
Halifax as.the wester, terminus of the
trans-ocean flight of the dirigible R-
34, has received word by cable that
it is proposed to drop a bag containing letters from the United Kingdom
lo prominent Caadian officials, providing weather conditions do not necessitate a more southerly course.
The air ministry, regret it is not
possible to land at  Halifax.
provincial ��� government during the
general strike, Premier T."C. Norris
"The government now proposes to
appoint a royal commission vested
with full powers to ascertain the
.'causes and "effects of the strike and
matters incidental thereto, in the
hope that thc problems of labor and
the difficulties'of employers may be
better understood, and that a sound
and fair basis may be found on which
matters in dispute from time lo time
may hereafter be adjusted.
"The step will, of course, not affect
in any way anj' court proceedings.
bulbs and- threw lhcir Searchlights j the railways for re-tmploymcnt arc
over thc city. The Copenhagen news- j being referred to lhcir international
papers printed enthusiastic -articles i executives. ' If reinstated in good
on Germany's decision to sign thc standing by the brotherhood officers
treaty.    - -   a thcy  arc being  returned   to  duty by
Madrid.���"lt was with ineffable joy  ti,c railways.    Men expelled front the
that I received  the news of the cer-   organization iarc finding it almost im-
tain advent of peace," said King AI-  possible   to ' secure   'employment    in
fonso in his speech from the throne  Winnipeg,
at the reopening of the cortes.    Thej ; jolln     Hantscharuk'l     of-:   German
king  began  his  address  by affirming j  '       ', - '. 	
the     unalterable    concord     between i
Spain and the Vatican, and added:      i
"Spain's   friendship  for all  nations!
is unchanged, except for the fact thai j
jthe. minister of Pctrograd was with-j
of    events j
hands of thc city police for execution.
Hospital authorities declare that
their condition is improving and that
they will be able to leave the hospitals in a few days.
All those arrested during Saturday's
rioting wilj, have a chance to get out
on bail, Hugh Phillips, K.C., special
prosecutor, announced today.
lie denied a statement that a  ccr- i
tain  number    of    aliens classed "A"
as being liable to deportation, would
necessarily be  deported without  trial;
or held without bail.-
Officers of the' R.N.W.M.P. and immigration department are investigating each individual, case, and only
ihosc whom the immigration authorities wish to bc deported will not have
a civil trial, he said.
Twenty-nine persons  charged with
rioting appeared in the  police court,
and all were released on bail.    Nine
were remanded until July 3,  and  20
| until July 4.
To Watch Plotters
"The commissioner we have in view j drawn
]is Mr. H. A. Robson, and wc arc 'at j there,
present in communication with him. . j
With the termination of thc sym-;-
pathetic strike, the general strike!
committee whicli ordered it automat-j
ically ceased  to  exist.    The  position ! Will Not Allow. Any Arrogant Force
in     consequence
Australia's Method
of the labor temple is now the same
as it was prior to the general strike,
Jthe chief authoritative body being the
trades, and labor council. Thc possibility of a considerable number of
men being left without jobs as a result
Corner In Linen Admitted
War Board Rules for U.S. Wheat
New   York.���Julius   Barnes,  United iMade on Terms Extremely Advanta-
- Germany Facing Railroad Strike
Berlin.���Germany is faced by-a'nation-wide railroad strike for higher
wages. At-Gorlitze station, "Berlin,
service has been stopped in both directions. The Brcslaii service has
been  badly interrupted. '        -. -   .'
Thc.'government is negotiating in
an endeavor lo halt the strikes, which
arc' largely the outcome of communist propaganda.   .    /--..'���     " '      -
States wheat director, madc public a
proclamation by President Wilson
granting'him'full authority to regulate by license -the exportation ' and
importation of'wheat and wheat flour
for the. purpose of stabilizing prices.
Mr. Barnes said that thc regulations
he would put into effect.were similar
geous to the Negotiator .
London, England.���Forty million
yards of'linen, origially intended for
aeroplane wings, -has been bought
from thc'"British Goverment for ��4,-
000,000 by L. J. Martin of London.
Thcdcal is considered very important
from the viewpoint of the-Belfast and
o- those, which have-been enforepd j .\ranchest6r.-trade,""bcinB'adinitli:dly a
by. the war. trade board,' which here- |corllerin ,-���_ niadc on lcrms cx_
toforc has ..exercised-the functions- dc- j,rcmcly advantageous:- to the negotia-
legated lo-lnm. ..       - |..    -   "    - -    . -���
Poincare'Going to Brussels
Brussels.���Thc. date of the visit of
President Poiiicarc of France to-Brussels has been fixed for July 21, which \ the. embargo on
is Belgium's national fete.day: Hc
will ; be accompanied " by Marshals
Joffrc, Foch and'Petain, all"of whom
will attend a review of the Belgian
army/bti" '"July" 22."  ;-.--,-. ---
���  . Cattle Embargo is Still On-.
London.���Replying .to a deputation
urging.thc removal of'the embargo on
lhc. importation of Canadian stoclicr
cattle, the president of the; board-of
Agriculture "admitted, no ground:.for
accbunt pf. disease,
for the Canadian herds, were thc heal-
Canadian Cattle Healthiest
No Ground for Embargo "on," Account
of  Disease .-"--.."
London.���Replying to, a".deputation
urging  thc   removal   of. the  embargo
on the "importation" of Canadian stbe-
'lliicst in lhc world,'but if/the. board ; kcr cattle,' the. president of .the board
obtained the power of admission they ]0f agriculture-admitted that'there "was.
l^L^1''!5.11, i1-.0.."-1 ^?Hi.E_i^qw!n,;7jo j.��0.ground-for?-tlie -embargo -on  ac-
j Create Detective Force to Unearth
; Sedition in Dominion ,
I Quebec.���Chief of Police Trudcl, of
I Quebec city police, returned from
j Ottawa, where he had been called
iwilh the chiefs of police of the large
; cities in Canadirto a conference. The
; object of the conference"was the org-
I nnizalion of a special detective force
j for the unearthing of all possible Bql-
to Usurp Functions of Government of Commonwealth                . ,         .         ,-       ,
,,  ,.                rs ,r  ���       ,i      '   !���������    i: shevik plots tlirougnotit Canada.   I lie
Melbourne.���Outlining the. political \ .                          ,.  .
...    , . .     .,      .   "     ,.   ,;                i program   set  lorth   to  the chiefs     of
and  industrial   situation   ot   the  coru-[   ... ,.            .                  ...   ,   .      i<
,,,       .   ,".         ., .         m- --��� ,     | police at   this   conlerencc   will   bring  .
mon wealth,   Acting    Prime    Minister]      ���, ,                 ,.                     .     ,.       |i
Walt,  in   a   public  address,   declared I
of the unconditional surrender of the! that the government will stand for the!
general strike committee has created (settlement   of  labor   disputes  by. law |
under     close  scrutiny,'   examination,
and  deportation  if  need    be,  of  any
quarters. It was unofficially "reported
that a movement was oh foot lo get a'
committee appointed to take tip the
question of reinstatement with, the
cmploj-ers and to watch tht" interests
generally of those, who, though in
many cases "dragged ��� into lhe-strike
against , their will, .may lin.d"' themselves-.out- of work air a result. - The
failure of many lo get their "jobs'back
is given as'the .reason-for. thc "movement.'.'While no approximate figure
could.be- put  on  the'number  whose
titer than.by the use of brute force.
"Thc people, "have expressed their
will by the laws of the country;'.' he
added, "and they will not allow any
force, however arrogant or powerful, j
to usurp the functions of the govern-j
mciit or to. challenge the forces of j
tlic government."     "   ".     .. - -"     ,
After _ reviewing the break which;!
occurred in lhc labor party over the]
first conscription issue, and ilic-TCStil-j
taut union" of thc  forces  of the" Na-1
foreigners  or - others  participating  in
any plots, propaganda or, other scdi-
i tious -attempts. " -       -
i    ���     - -     ' ., - ' .-   -
"A central bureau will bc established, probably at Ottawa, where local
evidences of agitation and plotting
will be reported and acted"upon.   .-
7   Money For Belgium
Reparations" Committee Sanction Priority Payment  of, $500,000,000 7
' Paris.���The -reparations    committee
Authorize Further
Borrowing Power
To an Amount Not Exceeding One
Hundred Millions
Ottawa.���Formal notice of the bill
to authorize further borrowing by the
Dominion government was given by
Sir Thomas White.
lt authorizes borrowings to an amount not exceeding one hundred millions, in addition to the sums now
authorized but unborrowed by the
ssuc.and sale of pledge of the securities of Canada. Thc purposes for
which the money will bc borrowed aic
set forth as follows: Paying maturing loans and obligations of Canada;.' carrying "on of public works
authorized by parliament; meeting
expenditures" for general purposes,
authorized  by parliament   -
"Black   Watch"���The   Best   Black
Plug Chewing Tobacco en the Market
.   .      T   , .  ,   , ,.--.,,.       id- the   peace - conference - has .agreed
tion.    Labor  partv,  led    bv   William      -..'''
,���    .- ���   , ��� '.-.-r  -, -���    ���   ��� "".   '        ��� '���       ;   ,��� I to .priority
applications were turned down, it was i Hughes, the present, premier, and lhc ���'   -������ �������� ���,',,,
- -    ..   - i    -      - " ��� '.      T .,        ,      --       -   ,.    i ioUu,(JUU,UUU
very-1 more    numerous Liberal    par.lv;   Mr. U. :       ., .,. -..,-,
' ',      - ���       ���-! nitics,-it was officially. announced
declared in" labor" circles  to  be
large. '   -   .���   .     ...-.-'���
the present labor difficulties.
For the.'225 vacancies.at the Manitoba, government'telephones "350. applied, according ' to- Commissioner
George A- Watson.,-.None- of -those
who had been'taken on tltcstaff pre
payment to-Belgium    of.
from thc .German indeni-
yvXuxki^xxxixiXx. XXxxi-Xxxxxxxxxx
re's IS ":'i'^ij7"._L-1 h c--"'?-' r <i a iftri.fi si.t-.i"o iiv-""^ V>lf'; T:.t'l i > s~-:'
uniQii^spVAa^tjicS'7t.wp:7iiiay7be-7a -
���|-'.na'n'jc...;'- Xy.Xy XyxX.Xy. XX'XXy.XXiXXy
manendi' -would be. removed in  favor ]V
of those who -had "conic  back    after.!-.
the  general strike .had "been  declared.'.
Facing Expulsion
count-of- disease, for the, .Canadian jsanic s.talc of .affairs . applies to -the \ Expelling Unions.for Calling Strike )
herds were thc healthiest, iir thc. world, 1ca?e'.ot' :ll_ic-���electricians. There are", - .; - Without Sanction' "" .'."j
biit if ;thc board'obtained the power j 10�� 'vacancies  to be filled out of  LiQi. Denver.���For  participation" in
left vacant...."-   .   -.       ... ...'--\- Igcjicral strike in Canada, several hiin
..Mobs "Attack Hamburg Factories .
. Copenhagen.���Serious- rioting occurred, at. Hamburg, .yvhen' mobs" attacked ."- food, preserving factories,.it
being alleged, that the bodies' of dogs
and cats.had'bccn fotindin .lheni;-Th'c
| managers were dragged to'-.the streets
| and r.oughjy. handled��� -The .�����.ar-provision.' "department was . also, attacked
of admission." they must refrain-from
.using it" owing  to- the. present  labor
difficulties.    "-"'    " ' - ���-,-.- -'-'-.     * :
and its .offices, were .wrecked.   '.The
.,  -i'mob tried to 'disarm troops,matching
,..! London.���President:.- Ebert,   "- Herr
.   B.-!u'ciy"and.-'";il!  the  executives,-lia've
.. issued .a proclamation to the German
people,-- according to, a -wireless litest
j "sage, (foin Berlin, -anhouncing-'thc con-
' i*iiisioit���.of '-the-jieacc .and..urging.as
.lhc first pressing need-the bending of
"'all efforts "to. its .'fulfillment/  '��� '.'-
";'-' '!As-'far..a.s':il' is possible to'carry it
-   out,"--.'says ��� the'���' proclamation,., "the
- treaty, uiu.st,be."carried out.*' '"' - '..
"- It declares faithful, loyalty to. tliose
threatened, with, separation-from.-,'the
-empire, and promises .t.o intercede "in
"������. their' behalf, "as ive: "would intercede
"���   for-ourselves,"
It concludes hy exhorting the. people to .realize; the need pf work   and
'   faithfulness to. duty for'the red'emp-
���'- tion' of the country.
'���- Berlin.���The streets of Berlin have
been  scenes'of-'rioting .and plundering.    Incited by speeches from agita-
. tors in Ale'xanderplatz, mobs attacked- and  robbed pedestrians- and  maltreated isolated soldiers.   Troops sent
to Alcxanderplatz were fired upon by
crowds in tlic  streets and  from  the
roofs of buildings. - They finally succeeded in clearing thej streets. Else-
.', where in the city, bands o��.marauders
'   robbed shops, and attacked citizeriSi
; rifling their "pockets. " .
The neighborhood of.    the Stettin
railway .station* the Hochs.trassc and
.   the Barstrasse was notably disorderly''.;
*���' Street;.cars ,wejc held up,-while riotr..
V' <rs searched the .passengers'-; pockets
-���' and.stole -womcn's7nngs.;,.--'Herc,-.also,-
;';soldiers, were beaten, and.';shots-"we're
::v4rcd from roofs and windows, and'the
.:'';.��cldifr3,' returned.: the. f.re.;
Leaders Reinanded
Trials Over Sedition and Riots '".Will
-'-'7 Commence Soon .-
V.\Viniiipcj��.~\Vi'!liaiii - Iy'ens, R.. "I?.'
Riisse'll;" -. Alderman 'AX. 'A." .;.Heaps.
George. Arinsirong, ��� Rr--El" Bray and
Alderman. John Queen,- strike leaders
arrested a-;w.cek ago, will be tried in J;
the city, police-court july.3 on charges'!-
of  seditious  libel ;and-'sedilious "cdn-.i
"",, France Will Celebrate July"l47. ;���
*'���_.J';iris,:���TlicF.re.tich.govcfiiriieiit -has
decided'tliat' the ofijcial'victory celebration" by' Fraiicfi "sliitlj-ta'ke.jVlace oil
July. 14.- " ��� y X y-i i'XyyX ���-'���- \X
- July 14. is:-:;Bastijlc..'Day,- the": principal "French holiday.-.-Tt- is:,:also, thr
j'antii versa ry'- of' the J,.b'cg inning .by
iGeriuans iii 1918_'of their
Permanent Cost Of
Committee.' Report   in/Favor  of
.   Appointment of Perrnaneht,'
'-.'���   . -Commissipn . '   ���
". Ottawa.-^If is" probable   that
the  cost  of. living  coiiir
ominous, - which, has
through,   the-streets,'-'and   the   latter
; ,     , ,      ��� '-��� .* ".i ������ ti    .i     i       i     r | opened" fire, a number" of-persons ber
: dred members, ol the JJrolhcrhood ,ot   . .  ���     -    ,   '-,-,    -        ",,������-"- -' '
"'���.'.'-.���    ...     ,-'.'.-���    "���;        .  ;-������   ; ��� "������-   ling killed- and. wounded:,
| Locomotive 1-ircmcn ���aiid-.jiiigmc.mcii.:     ,-���,'..���-. -���--   --   ,--;. o.    '.. ..'���"���''
"  -���    , j'face expulsion.from .tlie'.organization,-;
r -..������" i.ac.coi'ding to a,"discussion "on the floori
OuOII'o.f.'-ihe brotherhood's .eoiivciiii.o'ii, here.-!
'.. ."���. .1'Arthur '.h Lowell;', vicc-.prc'sidcnt of the
the i brotherhood, who returned-'froni Can-
; ada, where! he was delegated to-iiives.-
.uigatc  conditions,  said .conditions. ��� jn
C'aiu'ida.at- the time" of-his'leaving were
- Invited to Moose Jaw
. Moose Jaw.���The: council: passed a
resolution which will be presented by
local delegates ar'thc'imion or Saskatchewan municipalities' convention, inviting the convention to -riicci' hero
next year.' '
Germany's. Way.
Paris.���The Danish government has
protested. - to the peace conference
against acts'- of' thc Germans, in Danish Schleswig.'- .It, is'alioged that the
Germans- Were-selling property belonging to, the state. ".      - -      .-.   - ���
.��� - - Prohibition'Bill Dead ' .-
'���-Ottawa.-���In the prohibition ' .vote
all the,-Saskatchewan members voted
for- prohibition. The -senate won't
likely .change and. the bill seems' dead.
The. fall, scssionw-ill be in-Octobc-.
the ' majority' of
ist drivir to- i miltec' 'of the
ward  Paris,,  -which   en tied!'  so, disas- Hice'ii liciiriiig.i yidenci- for sonic weeks
trptisly. for thcui: througii, thc staunelii:-\yill 'rc;}6it  lo-ilie house .in/favor  of
allied 'rc.sislance'.'aiid.-uitiiriate counter.' I be appointment of ;t" permanent coin
attack.- --. ;"'       /���..-���---     .--/.!:-. "'��� mission
.very   serious
Turks Assault Greeks
spiracy, ���:"  .They  were, remanded",   -by '< is  o.\pcctcd  here "in' AugusI, -accord-
Magistrate -.--Macdohald' ��� -in: ��� special |��lig -to- ;r ToiQii.to'.cxhihi.tion  official,
WiiimpcK��� In  :.rcply,to   a.^fcgitcstrj ,./.���Support'-of 'the gcycr;,] p-inci].!. s
[iroiiy a--iiiinil)er:ofVmemb^iV ot7 'tliti-i-olV. niore> lK-rfte^cq-blKTiiti/.n/'j.V 'I* -
-     ,-        ,,   ,.- -   ���   ��� Cl ,.      -t>-.--.      ��� . ;.-C,,-c;lV NV*.'."' yi;l^''ansv'-Ass.'��ci.ati6i.i.aiur7^
.......... ........ to b<*  callc-d in  ;!!!  probabil.-.jStroi-ig f-orces privmg Them Back in  ��f xljc grmoraLi/ubliV: 1 li;a; llic cxc.cu - J the \\ hi tie v CoV.iiiiiVs^fo,! Vi tllc'X...-'
���Vv Ki'"r.' '" -   :'""^���-~ "���'"'-    :'1i>'"!,,c ll,,a,Ml: '"-Mue-ConunLssiotr. Thej    '-       .-"," As:a Minor ��� -        . ,  .: tivc    committee ' of    the    association '-ed'Kii^dtim-      "   -   "" - " V -'   --/ ' ' "
rS     V,   'r'-r'S'     proposal   vtus   di.s^scil...at.;iV special I   *.-i;aris.~n,e Ml���atio.t in A<ia Minor.! make a public' statement as',o-its-pol7,:7 S^Rc'al de,nocra.ic'-gbvm,ni.'i;t-bv
Joro���,o.-.l���c-K,���g-o,-ll,e Belgians , meeting o. the. committee:^;;. IL Si- j-   serious, 'ailing, to   ofiiciaf dis-Licy WJtl. ".'egaaUo" coiiditiuns^.cxisting \ means oLprop^lilai'^p^c^uio:;
cholson,  i-ha.rman  of the'  committee,; patches- received by ,Rcu tier's li.iiii'.cd ; fin .settlement of tlic. strike,-John. O".! - "i-rom'' the. above V.iidJroiii' oth'cr
is in" favor of tltc suggestion.
...   ,--. ,     -.      w    - -A;-plan   i.s   to havc  three,  members
Andrews,.i,rosccutc>r for-the ;Don,.���;-| be. herewith the  Prince'o'f-\Val��"Oii|of -the   committee,   the   chairman   to
ion .government.     - -      ,-.: -.   I August.^     . -   1 receive a salary of $R;000, and the two
strike  court  on  the  request .of, A. J;jwho  declares'"tlic" Belgian   King  willj
. YV, Ai rritcliar.d. Sam-Bliiihchbcrg, j * Admiral Jellicoc  will  also- be  here
Matthew Cliaritonoff,   Oscar   Schop-Jin August,
pcflci and Closes "Alniazoff wcrc given j '    '-���'-^~-
a similar rehiand.     ' Hold on to Kaiser, Dutch Warned
T. j; Murray,, together with R. J. ebnenhagen.��� The German officers'
McMurray, will-defend thc prisoners j association has telegraphed thc Dutcli
now in Winnipeg. Tht men held at ] government, warning it not to deliver.
Stony Mountain  penitentiary will  be
other commissioners $7,000 each.
.defended by M". Ily'man. A conference of these three .'attorneys for".the
defence was held, when it was decided not to ask for a" remand.,...
Shipload of.Aliens Going From U.S.
"- Charleston, .S.Cj-e-The, transport
Martha Washington Was lying in..the
harbor here with about 72.000 Ger^
inaiis aboard, prepared ,to sail for Rotterdam soon, the exact time of departure
the former .kaiser to the allies for
trial; it was reported in dispatches
received here; "\Vc can protect tlic
kaiser- with our bodies, but we. rely
upon the generosity of thc Dutch people," the message concluded.    ' ' '. ~ .
. ;., Fourteen Years:After
- Prince iRupert.���lt-is reported here
that Simon Gun-a-nbot,J noted Indian
renegade, wanted on a murder, charge,
and,who has. bttn in hiding near the
dependiSi"on thearrivil of 267 .teavy.waters of.the Skreena. River.for
. . _ i ' 1rom\Fort' Dbuglas7 Arizbnai *P V1*9^?!*-"' y**?sX has -. given, MmstU
Her ^passengers inciu'de.:enemy-alien!51 ��P to Constable. M.. Krfly, -of the pro-
afresfed- in all.parts ;o,f; the United
Stages and- interned, for the-period-of
the" war!'-".'..-7 "   '- ;-71-'   '���'.*" -': XXy    :
vincial ��� police at Hazelton;
Reparation For Fleet
May Yet Be Additions tb Germany's
War Bill
Paris.���The council has decided to
send two notes to the president of
the German "peace delegation at Versailles, one regarding the actions of
the Germans .in:Poland, in connection with a significant telegram intercepted by. the .Poles, and the other
relative to,thc.sinking of the.German
fleet-in' Sc.apa-Fjiw. '" '/ -.
.:,The allies/announce!that tl:ey will
demand, reparation/for !thc sinking'jo.f'
tlie-flccL "��� -,.,;---''������.""',   '."7.7/7
biiri ;tu -here. "- These; .advice's stated | Newton;',,vicc-prcsidct' of. the Witini-
th-.it lhc Turkish "forcesotitnuiiib-cr tliei peg braiidh- of the "association,- points
Greeks four to one aiid threaten 'fo out that owing' to -the '.forthcoming
drive- them entirely out of Asia Mi-���'Dominion "convention to. be -held in
nor. The "Greek forces are -report.* d I Vancouver, it is impossible-for the.-ex-
lo bc retreating before thc Tur!:<!, who j.ecutive to meet in thc near future
:'nd '   .Mr.   Nc.wtdii,   in      his      slatemciiti
arc  supplied with good artillery
plenty of ammunition.
Arniy of 400.000 for U.S.
Washington.���Without a vote,    the i'ly:
.senate    adopted,    committee   -amendment's.-to- the "army appropriation providing for an army" of 400,000 men" for
thc year beginning July 1.    ""--
The bill-as passed ' by the house
provides for an army of 300,000 and
Secretary." Baker had . recommended
that the .total be placed at 500,000
officers and men. .'   ���,      X'.X XX
t Invested in. -peace River.-:; 7
..Lbntibn;~-Thc 'Marquis, 'of-. -Que.cits-
then mcuiidns the" stand taken hy the.|
i Dominion executive, and as to which
| legislation has been requested, namc-
-/.:Ecrlin.;-^Gcrieral Groener,j;\vhb/su"cr.
ceeded' Field M.arslial/Von .; Hin'dc'n-
burg >as:: Gernian. -chief; of. '>siafi;'Jias
tendered":.his.je'stgriatibh'to President'
.1���A   minimum   wage.
2���Insurance,    with    regard    to unemployment/illness and old age.
,. 3���Suitable housing for all..
-   A���^Reduction in the  cost of living
by the elimination or curtailment of
unessential middlemen, by regulations
governing; cold storage plants '- -and
otherwise.-!-' .'��� ./-:���--/; /s,-   -iy-y.'x'���.���
'���'S^Stringent-.".. rcs.trictions7with   regard to 'immigration- and' natu'raliza-
tiqn7!!X!*.7'"' ., XX ���;,' X-Xxy ���y-'y i '���'- .'-, i'i XX .
��� jCh��� Suitable���'. and 'X CQtial.. -oppbrtuni-
ties for', the- 'children- pf. all, _rich_- and
poor alike.'-'with"iregard .to/all'-fornis
.crproyini-cs. becomes st.abili.2ed."
ihi-ial.-'-'ss.sistariie.- 'and: schol-
i statements' '.recently,-published, "..'s;-.\s>
Mr.  A'cwtoit,-.'.'the  Doininion.-- "cxccit-"
tivc. -obviously -/.believes,., aiid ample-
confirmation Jtas'beeh obtained, from
the, present strike',-that there arc two
)i3iain enemies, to'peace and. prosperity .
in Canada today,  one is just- as bad,
as thc other, and' both really-of lhc
same type, viz., the profitccrs-aniongst ���
capitalists    and the reds, amongst la-v
b'or.     It   is   clearly   the   duty  of   th.e
Great  War   Veterans'  Association,  to,:
sec- that    the  activities  of    both, arii.,
brought to a close,      - - ..-/���/-
"The strike has not been a'n.unniixr
ed evil by any manner." of "means. -,.lt
lias" awakened. the!--;p"c.bpl_e from their '
apathetic-, slumbers,'-it has shown, tlie
gov.crhmen'l'.that the problems of the
undesirable alien, the- profiteers and
thc high-Cost of living must be satis-,
faictbrily, handled immediately, "aftd.
that .if the present government is unable 10" nll.; thc bill another govern-
ihust-take-its place; in/other. words,
tiie present, strike-h'as -locusscd.public
attcntion-oriwhat,,th.e' .Great. AVa'rVV.ct^
craiis* Association .has. been urging on
the governliiem for-months.���'^--."'i ���'-". , ,
1   if
'v'-/ --��#ki
��� :���":".��'&��&m
'Xik;M$~��im our
oice  of  Silhouettes  for  the  Summer
a n c e
AT TtIK ;r*sent moment there is
:i delightful ilispute goins on
about the dance frock. One
school oi artists is upholding tlie
straight anc7 narrow and the other
school i.s contending for the bouffant,
which, says the latter oult of dress
artists, is tho appropriate thing for
dance, wear. Besides, nearly all Pari*
is ���wearing: its dunce skirts .short and
wide. So. if you prefer having- yours
that way, certainly you do it on excellent authority.
<t> * 'I' '!>
But to set down to these confection*
for t!i--j .summer hop. they are for the
most part delineated on rather close
lines. And that fetching- closeness may
he the very t-Rnvr matter of simulation.
Quite a hit will depend on the stuff you
make ihe froek of. hi lhat ease. tho.
J.'ul jusi hy way of illustration, what
more charniuig material to build tlie
lirst model of than net? There you
hare opportunity to make, ihe skirt
comfortably wideband at the same lim*
to preserve the effect of the pencil
silhouette. A jade silk net atop of an
apricot chiffon would be a luscious color
scheme, don't you think? As for the
actual cut tint?, there is precious little
that you need he told about that. The
skirt, you see. is the simple straight,
gathered type, and the bodice slightly
mora ditllcult of line than a camisole.
There are no sleeves to bother about
mini very little neck. Trimming, then,
is the easy hut effective matter of a
crushed girdle, preferably of the apricot
chiffor., and after that a garland ot
satin roses of lhe pink and tea varieties.
���t> <|> * .(.
1 There are fascinating; printed georgettes in the dross material market thin
season, and many that show delightful
possibilities for morn or less formal
summer wear. What do you think .about
fashioning thi* unsleevod model with
the gracefully draped supplement on Its
skirt, of a rose and white print and
doing' the draping1 'business in rose
taffeta'.' Again there Is scarcely any
cutting problem to solve, since th��
bodice follows almost straight piece
simplicity back and front. The neck is
curved .inst a wee hit away from lhe
straight-across line, and the armhole is
nothing if not a side that forgot to be
seamsd. Now, that skirt addition you
may experience a little trouble with, if
you don't know, in the first place, that
the plan of it is nothing more nor less
than a narrow length of material tho
ends of which are tacked at each side
of the bodice and the rest of whieh
follows its own natural graceful way.
<j> 4> 4. <j>
Black taffeta without any other'color
...relief-,:.to. speak of..except perhaps a:pink
WK**.^. Wri&-
���T^5%"P.��^ and the Georgettes.   Then Have the Bouffant Model
:;j77';;J7^'7^ .';'""'
And yet, let me tell you, it isViite the
very last breath in dresses of th�� *oit. ~
*laybe. you might better accustom your,
'���self, to the smartly somber fact'if you
Imagined it embodied in that quaintly
pretty model In the middle of the sow.
Can't you just picture the demure close-.
ness of that bodice and .then, the perky
ftace. of ita skirt all in o>isp black
taffeta' with a blue satin flower at om
side of Its bodice and a violet satin ons
at t'other?
$$<]>$ ..   ������- -.
Also it looks organdie, thU very
feminine little creation, aud, of cqurse,
one's most becoming pastel organdie at
that. I wonder, tho. if you can sea th��
artistic possibilities it has. fo* the oom-
blnatlon of faint blue organdlft and
black taffeta' touched up by satis tea
roses? -s... ^
* 4> ��� *
Do you know, If one Is Ingenious, besides belli* able with the needle, thare
are wonderfully f��tcliiug things ta be
done with a sash? Verily, a clever
girdle can be the voi-y making' of a.
dress. You might take seriously that
delightful thing: with the double-bqw
business distinguishing it Instantly from
all other froohs of ita class. Minus its
sash the dress Is but the simplest ot ,.
shart-sleevod, straight-skirted models.
Plus Its sash, It keeps one. guessing: as
to the secret of lu indefinable charm.
The' girdle, mark you. doesn't bo the
usual way of a girdle. Ther* I* real
cut to it. More, explicitly, it Is a wee
"veflt". that- extends to gash proportions at each side. The same" tUln��
occurs in back,- and the'-meeting: ot the
four sash ends results in the twin bow-
-ing- :       ' "' .
Fancy   this   In   a   citron-colored. sillc
yolle. will you, or a filet lace and sashed
with   a   two-lone   satin.     Against   the
citron ydu-might put with really charm-.
Ing'results some gold brocade.
When the bloomer or Zouave or Turkish line, whichever you feel like calling-
it, introduced itself, it was regarded as
-something interesting1 but rather radical, '*
and only the daring took It up. Now,
bcliold.lt featured on the most innocent of dresses, and always -with Ineffable grace and charm. This last
-model, so smartly devoid of obvious
trimming, expressed in satin would b��V*
.the very most distinctive little tube
that ever happened on a dance floor.
In the matter of cut it can't bo strictly
tube and bloomered at the same time.
But done in soft satin, and made no
wider than is necessary to include some
bit of gathering at the bottom, It may
be depended upon to- effect the straight-'
up-and-down-line in a uniquely "attractive -way. Tea rose is a. shade much
liked now. You might, try that, with
maybe some silver ribbon.
j||����||'|| 1^ the   Hat ?
r'ES7��'i\jv ���- {nirteyjV-Ie t7 an- ���?S<��!,'S-j
���Bliouldeffi?.\:-/::;.>:-^-v;:'- XXf -.'���'���*-.��� yx xyyyyy.-
XX'-iKiiA .yvliaci-'bi. -ehariiiiiVg^idea;. is^crepe;
'.'da ...c'lilive.-for;;iii(i;Uing ith^
^Tliere itire:: .ri6a'i*IJ.-viakS..:-.liik.iyy=;:- 'itiushyo'om,
/varieties;: iiyiUjitt^mllllnfe^^
Xth era;- a r e: .ea jl 0 ik-'U if s iyy Sov'ci oiy't' 'liold: t6:
Ttiia'i:;letfer: :p!f ������: tli is;. :;if;: vy 6yU^_aiyE7yjOUl-3.
��n jii slii -ffb m I .--i n y & itckr am7:-:tfi e n * . .c ov er7lt
for most of Its charm.' Tt Is. calculated
to work-up as successfully iniglngham,
for. Instance..as in satin. ��� But adhering
to the "picture" idea, wo will keep to.
taffeta and chiffon for the development
��� of'if, letting trie chlifon happen .in."the'
scarf,-of "course. ;mul-the taffeta do-tha
" rest. - Again liie smooth covering is. to
he preferred-tb'any crinkling ordrap-.
' -iiig, except in" the matter of. the-scarf.
of a.frock. You would like it to be one of thoie cool, pretty, serviceable, tmart, adaptable frocks to slip into on a summer afternoon. It
must look well in silk or linen or gingham, since your-makings may be
any one of those. . Also, you want it to have more than an unusual touch
of distinction. The most important thing that you want to do then_is
to look  up  this" page.-next "Sunday.    -
"ben i't>3��-,  le.:ig'iieblue.; .orehid' ami eif-
.- rbri .are-Moivie of the modish shades sug:-: _
'gestt'd. tp'.yeti:', -'And now -for-the scarf? ������
iiig,     ��� ' :''."������.���'-..:���...���  .-.'���. "���������'���:''-.'-.'
l>o i'oxi ftappeti to .be- one. of the for- :;
tiiria-f* few.��� 'witli  an: &tUc' jjcli,1 in..thev
raiment of bygone days ?   Or.havif yisii- it:
���sf.anhy- %vho treasures, a. io.vfeiy' length..:.
of lace, but treasur.eg- it not -too.'m'ticft
to piias -it  on   to������. a  grr,an3cSiiliJ:?    Y:bu:
:8ee-.- ge'tt'i'iis:. liis1 bit of.'iace.-iit'tiJe .firs't" .
.ptei"' 1��. jH-uisi* '.rivoi'-e-. iTftJMKjU- -tlian- {nit-'
"ting  It on in   tix*- stiiiiite- "tot  efieytt.ve
.niii'nner ill'usti-at-stl. .'���
���So.-if'-ybu: ..haven't"   an . attic ������-fuif   Oi
' yueiv prfec.ious- loot, :i.nd '.haVeti't the
.graftpy.."' wh;yv the-, -n.eict .most -. sensible
.thing- for., you fo-^do is. to -ieitiier i'est.
.content   "witiv '. a:n   imitation���there  are-
.some . soo:d -fetibiigtv-. to-be above sus--.
piqidri^or"to- us&: tlie inOn/ey sayfetl' byl
being. ybur ' Pw'n'��� tn.iliiiief, ��� and ��� get' the'
real.thing.V-'As:"for tJhe.'arranJ5i_ri.ip..siiit_.-.;
'���ply-. tJiri>w.:lite 'seurf:"across.'ftte/erown-:
���of tlie ij;rt,.;j-aclt lc bs,,t,l.f<j; edjie- Bt-tlve
Ij'riiy With" :i po.sej-j do ���ilike.wi.xe -ort--tftb.-i
6'tKer side,-an ti -lei tlie ..Surpfijfs' trait'off.
loose, ���
. Oe.oi:get;t:e- and ���.���organdie, .eoit'slitute  a.
Iie.t'fectly dfeieelable   eb'nybinat.ion  .for Xi
hit'"of headgeiir; also :a lielpfiil sel'ieriia
'for deveiori'inB:' the ������iaod'el-'W'-'ith the ex-
ajffferateii  ribboii- ��� .��(-feari>.6(\.. ������%*&' .iiiost-
oi the- fiat "be- of the- 'georsjette; ���several
:-.thicknesses  of", it. put.  oa  ratliij't''  taiit,
���-���crown., and all.    T-heiv have .t:h:e cirgan-
djfe  occwr  in   folds  :v��; tlie   top   of. tlie
. g>owh(': .have,   the ��� Vafarrce:. aKOu'jid::' the ���
;';-Ijjiin-."o"f ei.tiver -one tti;_<>*];iies's'.jc>I ths-. or.--
{{ah.dii:* oi* of the Keui'B<-tte,
iis yoii fiiake the. coquettish
cjeeji eiiough t0 Ret in'.the way of ilia
line of vj'sicm Finally,' band the hut
oniis' W-ltlj-.-grdsgrain ribbon jvleot.ed, and '
make xi. streamer in back. .You can do'
wondei-fCilly .effective tilings to a sii'n-
plff froek by providing: that streamer
end with a lingerie- jiiu concealed- by a
bright bit of .a 'flower.' \Yhat do you
siriy to orphi'd and turt'iroise for a color
scheme-: here?
The lai-Kesi. hat of the delightfully
yereatlle' g)*oiiyj is one of those nice,
ndapfabje...Ihinss  lhat   depsnds on  line
-.ind that i to li�� artixlic- must be- tlie
merest wj.sp yf chiffon. drai)ing the
crown of the hat in natural-folds.
She will haye- to be" a demure little
piece herself to successfully .carry off
the almost extreme coquetry of "that
���feathered scoop. Can't "you just- see it
in jnaliiie-treuted leghorn with a puff of
bl/ue. ostrich topping a crinkly gold
head? If you keep to the leghorn,suggestion, there is really little work for
the milliner, beyond tacking on the
feathers, then the maline. and maybe
adding a faeiui of the liialuie to boot.'
>^ II, -POLLY, "   _'���;
-I    1   .'   I  have-'a  confession" to-make.
y*S-     Svouid. you   forgive - a   girl   who
., made'' a, promise and then forgot en-:,
lirely, but realiy unintentionally, -what,
tho promise-was'all about. ��� Well, 1 tun
.. such a girl, and the promise that I
made'.-you . last- .week,.' litis .clean   till1"
. .ted. right - out.-   of ..iny    funny    little
���  licad.'- - 1- rather =-th!r,k,: tho,; that -I -can--
.. ihak'e.'-'i f . up   to . you.   'For: I   have   a'.
������ perfect" host'- 'of 'lovely  things, to., tell
.you "tliis week'.. Indeed, .1-.'was so .Intent on .giving: ybu  the' very cream of ���
..'.)a -mode 'that  the   thoughts  of  yester-.
.week jiever- once "occurred.    "   *
"���'Ybu   see,  3'olly  mine,   J- want  you   to
-be always,  always,  three jumps ahead
of that smartest set that you move in���
of course.  In matters - of. clothes.    And-
so, let. me tell ot one'wayto'make the
., whole' blessed row .sit. up -.atid gossip-
.about- you.v.'Wear. "a., black, irieolette "
"overblouse, .preferatdy one "of;;the  type'
..- that   ends-" at.-the - hips   and'.'-tits., with:
middy   suiiguess.'    Have.it   treated "to.
, vivid straw" embroidery, and'liave-.y'our.
separate" skirt- 'match' the. vividness.:
.   Burnt-orange is -a-tremendousIy..-smarE-
��� shade Just, now,  also'a   stunnliig-stig-.
"��� gestlon .-for the costume  under discus-1
��� sion."-, "Why;, I.-can'just,  see   aU' your'1
wonderful.southernb't'iiiuy j'isiifK above
that scheme.; ..��� ��� ".  ."������   ''.- '- '��� .     '- ,_
Straw embroidery .again.'iu burnt or-,
ange.'iH the .most coniiieiliiigly pretty-
thing that ever-happened to. an.-oy'ster-
. while smock. This particular oyster-
whlte smoclt ."that "inipressed."mo so
Jvlvldly" waa all-overed, with the. most
.amusingly "primitive- ljl(s>_f>f. rural'-life
that you ever, did-see. It looked Just-
exactly- - like tiie.kind- of- thins that
i'nnies._<>ut' of .wee Itiii.Uersarleu-train-
ed" hands. - .- -    -.;....;..
I^ogleally. one tlili'iKg- about separate
skirts wlien' talklns about sitioek^"- and .
hlou'ses. "ThV separate .Hkirt situation
"1 llud'to be of-ever-growiiiff interest.
It' is ��o siiiHrlly- undecided' in. its sil--
liouette. It. doesn't Quite- know, wlieth- .
ec to' go on being .^straight" and "narrow, -or whether it might-excite mor��
comment by, billowing off into the "width
of the "fbu'r-yard-aroiind period. And
so at. present the more advanced mein-1
bers of the separate skirt"-clique, ar��
doing a funny "little stunt" about - tho
liipliiie. a contour that suggests tU��
pminiTs of Louis XV's day: then inconsistently- and maybe just- a. rwee bit
fearfully, the skirt, iscnught iir into uu-
i-omfortuuTt! jiur'rovvness 'al the ankles.
This   indecision   I"  find   among   more
raiment than skirts alone, tho.   Indeed,
1 happened on the most picturesque of"
calico-printed organdies only1 yesterday,
aiid it  was "most unexpectedly-slashed"
all-around ita hem.-  And that'slashing
-was ln'ost" unusu'ally "treated-, to-a ciit- '
fringed  taffeta  of  solid  color.-   It' wan
:  azalea,   to  be   quite 'exact,   and , really'���
���dellshtful-against the-iuiaint faded_.l)lu��---
itinl .white-of the dress-pattern.
-Whicli'azalea note brings me .to-.the
-fascinating little'moire aiid taffeta tur-
'��� bans, so very vogue Just now.' They are-
' perfect little Hindus,  these things, and -
- positively .bewitching when they .are
expressed : in - azalea. -You are going
to see more of that-richly-.pretty-color,
in  millinery. - ���-      ''        ,'���'"'
Likewise, you are going to very soon
-.-see.silk duvetyn .lams touched up with
' silver . and ��� gold ��� th'rea_ds.-.   They ���* may,
sound,  warm,'  but, they, are' certainly
excellently   chic .-things   to- look - upon.
.While: on, the   subject .of   headgear   1 .
'-'.want -you- to ,know that' the .off-the-face '.'.
.   type   at   hat  big:  or' little,   picture   or
-tailored,'is to.be   preferred  before  all
;   others". - Yoii- must -keep'that, in  nitnd '
wheiy.you ehooae..your:hat3 for-tlio next..
��� seasbii. *,.;���������"'.   '   -     -���;. ��� - ���.."..-���.:- . .-:'-. ..
"Wouldn't-.'you .ralher- have, gilt" crocheted  rosebuds   1)1:111. Just "plain - but-'.
���  tons-'-to    fasten  -a. frock -with ?;=���-.' Of '
"course, yoii' would; -they  are  so. miic-lil
- more esthetic and decidedly newer tliau-..
.""buttons.    C'ai'i -youo picture -.thom  on  a
'. citron-coloredl; crepe-- lie, cliiiie    frock-, :���
" -.clierie���a    frock    Just    all    wee    pliicu
.'tiicks.from ita iiiicotlare'il.neck down thu
- full length' of Mts'tulie.V   '��� -'...-.
".-'-Th'e""i;nc61!ared"' part of that descrip-
-tlon 'suggests one other', little intention���=
tliat. 1 "had   when   I,  started: out" Jthia"
-. epistle.'   All  necks "are- not.to no   iin-1
, collared.   .There is-veiy fetching active.
ity-going-on among the lace neckwear
.   Just iiow.". Irish   is   particularly' good.
. and   the   Yalencienues.- "'Indeed,' 'titers'
'   are "whole, yests of-the exquisite, stuff.-
- And'let mb" tell.you there" is no end-of
enchanting things that a gilet like that .
-.- cAll'do to a'.lltUo. frock;- more so, sines
.'the linen frookB..of the moment are-do-'
" ing :������ Just < everything' tliey   can. do;-to
'look "unliiieny." _-".''.
However, what .wpuh.l you have next
.weeJc? - Soma ��� ohservatiohs on flapper.-
-wardrobes?. I fear that I-am.neglecting
tlie adorablo .- "jeune fllle" of your
precious family. " "Well. I shall ,mak8 lip
for It next week. Until then, dear "one,
"I  am.   your  own.
.- i
:-\ iiiVmni'i'm^ii'^ii iijumiiii*
,i*i^%��Jl,*l**$ZUt+,-*miiiZ AJs^.^j^i.^***
ry- -
VI-. "'14
Influence Of
The Merchant
QnTTawn Life
"Co-operation of Farmer and Trader
Highly DesirabTe7
The influence  which/the merchant
can  wield  in   community  life  is  admirably discussed by E7B. Moon,''the
noted writer on commercial and community life, in the "Orange Jttdd Farmer," as .follows: ���'������;���'.
- Farmers   arc vitally "interested in
towns.   Proximity to a "live" town is'
worth dollars per acre.      A "dead"
town-means a poor community���unattractive  to  prospective farm  "owners.    ''���',,- ..7'   "','��.  -"   ~
���The building up of a town requires'
faith1 in' its^future, the co-operation.of
men and women, and lhc uniting of
all elements in lhc-.community to one
common purpose-
Little thought is given to this question,   of co-operation, and    toov little
thought is given in the social side in
town uplift-
To-be sure, many towns have .good
buildings, banks, elevators, and good
stores.   These are all essentials���but
life success of the town in these instances is almost wholly commercial.
These interests become individual���
selfish.       The  big purpose  and  thc
strong spirit of co-operation are lost.
The contest for business often results in bitter strife.   Merchants have
nothing to., do with each other in a
business   social . way, the   community
Is split   up    into    sides;    cliques arc
������formed,  and  the  result is a  divided
Farm Tractors In
Southern Italy
Making Apulia Over Into Veritable
Canadian Wheat Garden
Farm tractors, jolting over the
plains of. Apulia, in southcrriN Italy,
have awakened the inhabitants of that
district tis unceremoniously as the.
elephants oi Pyrrhus-awakened them
22 centuries ago. And- the tractors
signalize an . invasion, which is not
likely to be any.1 such .-"temporary matter as Avas the visit of "the' King of
Epiriis and his army, These, machines
are .making Apulia over from;a frontier grazing region, devoted by ttn-
progrcssive landholders to the casual
raising of flocks, into what an Italian
writer describes as a veritable Canadian wheat garden. They are helping
to solve thc European food problem.
But more than that, thcy arc causing
a social regeneration, or, rather, thc
government is doing so, by urging the
landholders lo recognize thc modern
co-operative order of things and to do
tlicir share in rehabilitating, the world.
The government, by this program, is
clearly doing much the same thing
tliat the ancient Roman Republic, in
the proctorship of Lucius .Postuinius,
did, when it compelled the Apulian
shepherds to desist from robbery and
to pay homage to the law.
Kaiser Wants Settlement
Extremely   Desirous   That   Govern
ment    Shall    Decide    What
Lands Are His
A Berlin dispatch says the former
town, which is bound to lose ground ,.-.,. .        .
, .   ,    ',    ,      . �� i*ciusci' and his sons are pressing lhc
because ot the lack of common pur-  ~ . .  -    -.
pose.       ' x
a   condition   deadens   towns.
-" Its spirit .radiates out into.the trade
area, aiid trade, goes elsewhere. Trade
seeks congenial climes. ��� ���.'���-...
' Individual interest must be -subordinated-. Too many merchants want
to cash in oh every social, on every
band concert, on every church festival, and'are unwilling to lake.part in
' 'social affairs or to support such
events unless they can see a' profit.
Many are so busy, through fear, of
losing a sale,-* that   they;, can't   even
^_find   time to   attend   such   functions.
���'-; Farmers are quick to see these selfish manifestations, and so much of
""'the good iu these events is lost. They
get tired of being exploited^continuously; Nothing is deadlier to town
growth aiid community development"
than.selfish 'individual interest run
niacl. Wholehearted,'unselfish ..co-operation in.the social side of community life is- absolutely essential to the
community growth and development.
" All business in the town has and
should,have a".close and vital-interest in the "development of the community,, and its progress is-in true ratio
wilh thc advancement in thc welfare
of the community.' .... ,
Business must always find-its limitations.in the extent "and character of
the community it.serves.
- A town exists for:thc community���
not the community forthe town-
Great; Starvations
Famous Men   Who Experienced   the
Pangs of Hunger
-" When eatables soar so high .that
you just :caty"t "touch them", and you
fear that maybe after a . while - you
���won't" be able'.to-reach even the humblest .of thc sitslainers, cheer.tip,.and
think about: -���  ,        ....
Sir Henry Irving, 'tlfc brillianI geii-
itis.of .the stage, who was for so long
"denied a chance to prove himself that
he "was often without a shilling in-his
" pockety._;     ; ��� ���: 7 ._,.. _ 7_- 7_-   -
- - And llien. there . was Oliver Goldsmith,, who never could'-square" him-,
self "with his landlady,' and had endless, other' debts besides. .-   '.'..-
"'. ��� One ;.says now, with .'rather an air',
"Do'you read Zola'-'?- And: there.was"
" a time wlien" Zola's contributions were
very" unceremoniously rejected .by .an
"'��� incredible "number.'of publishers:- ,Na-
, _ litrally" Zola didn't- cat in. that time--.;
;���'Today. Sir William"-Arrol is' recog-'
'..nized-.- as' .a-world-famed builder' of
.bridges.- ...At'.'one." time, this-same- bril-'
7 liant Sir William 'tramped (he" streets
.'of Paisley,-and -couldn't., even' land a
��� ./blacksmith's job; ;     :7-'.""7'v
- 'Samuel /olinsoii   wrote''"Rasselns'!
���.'to defray-the expenses, of.his-mother's  funeral."'." After that' he (.-.'line'to
-London '.with - "twopence-halfpenny, in
,'. his pocket, and a-tragedy; aiid spent
most'of his night walking around St.
J at��ies'- Square, f.or^kjck of abed." '"' .- -
. '-. So. you sec, t h ere we re "ot h e rs;. ��� - -;
German government for a settlement
of their property affairs. Not knowing what their fate is to be and fearing, it is said, that the. Radicals may
succeed the present government .md
may be less disposed to accord the
former'emperor the same measure of
justice and right", that 'is extended to
other private citizens, Wilhelnf Ho-
hcnzollcru is said.to be extremely desirous that the present.government
shall decide what is to be recognized
as his private property and what lands
are his/-
Thc sons also desire that their father shall be-placed in a position to
settle With thcm their family affairs,
so. that they-may know where thcy
stand in worldly goods- The former
kaiser has had one payment of money
since he left the- country 'and crossed
into Holland; that was in December
when in answer to liis request 1,000,-
000 gulden, approximately' $400,000,
wa^s placed lo his credit in Holland-
There have been conferences between. Eitel Frcidrich, who 'holds a
power ofattorney for the f.ainily from
the former kaiser, with- his legal advisers, and the Prussian ministry of
finance, while Herr von Mueller, who
was attached to the suite of the Crown
Prince during thc ..war, has been representing thc latter, ''
The government has decided,  it .is
understood, that Cecilenhof, the cotm-
i - -
try place near-Potsdam where the
Crown. Prince was living -.with his
falhciywas presented.to him by his
father and is the. private property of
the exile at Wi'erhigen.' Furthermore,
his estate :in Silesia also has b'ceri
granted to him. The Castle of. Rhcins-
berg, made famous by Frederick the
Great, has" been given��� lo Prince-August .Wilhclm.
-.Tlie.division of other properties of
the 'former.' emperor,' whose private
wealth ' is estimated -at 120,000,000
marks'." (approximately $30,000,000), is"
proceeding," .keeping the .various ' representatives busy between"Wieriugcn,
Amcrongcn and Potsdam, where Eitcl
lives," has"been -"coiifi'fnicU;"to"~liim" as
his private -pro'iicrty.7 Some"- of.thc
other princes, still are;liying in castles
or In "Villas and arc-hard.up financially.-..-Their tables are nqt_.iiear1y,as-
gobd as those of.-many private pe
sons;'      . ��� ���-   ''.".-'.   '���"���,'.
Canadian Steamship First
To Cross Atlantic
Royal William Was the First Vessel
Propelled by Steam to
Cross'.-   '���"-.'
A letter recently appeared in'7'.tlie
London Times from Prof. \V.7.Ef>
Vander Sinissen, of the University of
Toronto,.now'nfsidcnt in England, in
illicit he pointed out that it was neither the American-owned Savannah
nor the British steamship Sirius or
Great Western, but the Canadian-
owned and built Royal William which
was the first vessel propelled by steam
to cross the Atlantic.
;. From lime ��� to time disputes have
ariseu--:.on this question, and Prof-
Vandcr Smisscii recalls that in 1S94
the Earl of Aberdeen, as Governor-
General, at the time the inter-Colonial
..Conference was in Ottawa, unveiled a
tablet placed on the wall.of one of the
corridors of the Parliament Building;!
inscribed with the details of the Royal
William's performance. The burning
of the buildings early in the war. destroyed this lab.lct, .whicli it is hoped
will bc replaced. Prof. Vander Sjuis-
scn says that the Royal William- was
designedby Wx. .lames Goudic, a native of Quebec. Her' builders were
Messrs. Campbell and Black, of that
city; she was cngined in Montreal,
and before making her nfcmorable
trip'from Quebec, via Piclou, N.S., to
London in August, 1838, had traded
between Quebec, Halifax and Boston.
She was bought'by.' the Portugese
Government and re-named, and later
served as a Spanish warship under thc
name of Isabel Scguuda.' She had a
length of 176 feet, a width between the
paddle boxes of 28 feet, and a gross
tonnage of f,370. -
The'Royal William -was not a large
vessel, but.she made the record of ber
ing first to cross'tlie Atlantic-.wholly
by m-ea'ns^of steam.    And she was a
Wilson's Plan To
Protect France
United States   to Come to Assistance
of France in Event 5f Unprovoked Attack
The proposed .arrangement with
France, in wjiich" the "United States
promises to come immediately to the
assistance of France in the event of
an unprovoked attack by Germany,
has been drafted by Secretary of State
Lansing at Paris, and approved by the
It is understood that the document
does not take the form of a treaty,
but thc exact terms are being kept
secret. The President intends to submit it to the United. States Senate simultaneously with the peace treaty,
and will recommend it's approval. Hc
will explain in a special message his
reasons for believing the pact .should
bc consummated-
Trans-Pacific Trade
Canadian boat. '���-throughout���a fact
which it. is-rather careless *f us to forget. Wc need a few tablets here'"and
there in- this 'country to .refresh the
memory.-���From' the Toronto-' Star. -:
Will Come in for Consideration at
Alberta Industrial Congress
Calgaryf���That development of
Canadian trade along the Pacific
Ocean routes will come in for thorough consideration al the big Alberta
industrial congress, to be held August
11 lo 16, seems certain from the fact
that congress headquarters now' announces lhat Robert Dolla.', president of the Dollar Steamship company
of trans-Pacific commerce, will speak
to the congress on this subject.
Mr. Dollar is one of the best known
shipping men of the .Pacific, an optimist with great*faith in the future
possibilities of. Pacific development
generally, and possessing an extraordinarily warm feeling for the Do-
.minio.ii.. He has been quite active in
the interests of'the congress to date,
using 'his vast, influence among-the
men of his acquaintance on the "Pacific, in behalf of its success.
Preparation For
Start Will Be Made When Weather Is
Fair Over the Entire
Washington, District  Of  Columbia.
���Tests arc now being made'with the
ncw  United    States  Martin     bomber
aeroplane to determine   its.   fitness to
attempt     a"""-trans-c'oiilincnlal"   flight
within the next   week' or - ten    days.
Capt- Roy N. Francis; .who-will pilot
the machine from New York id San
Francisco, California, will give it the
first long-distance trial by flying from'
Dayton, Ohio", to New York.
Aftcr reaching -New York the*date
for starling for'San-Francisco, provided thc-machine has functioned properly in-all prelitnirfary tests, will be
determined bv weather conditions. - It
Salvaging Ships
Lost In War
Vessels  Sunk   By   Germans   During
War Contain Fortunes ih Gold
and Goods    "���
London.���There is a spice of adventure in the salvaging of steamers sunk
by German raiders..   Round the British Isles, in-.the Mediterranean, and off
thc Murman coast .are rich fields for
the salvage service as well as private
enterprise.   In the North Sea the water is too deep to make an3r considerable success, but  in shallower water
not only cargoes but ships arc being
Sonic!-of the sunken vessels contain
huge fortunes'in gold or goods. One
is known to have carried $5,000,000
in gold. The diver sent down to work
on her borrowed the key to the ship's
strong box, but it is not recorded
whether he retrieved the gold.
If the divers after "an investigation
decide to attempt to float the ship,
barges are moored over her at low J
tide. Nine-inch wire ropes are then
passed under it and fastened lo the
barges above. As the tide rises the
barges rise with it, bringing the ship
along as it lies in the great wire
cradle. The damaged ship is then
towed into shallow water and the necessary repairs made.
In the case pf vessels only partly
submerged, compressed air is sometimes pumped inTo her hold,, driving
out the water while the ship slowly
floats lo the surface- Occasionally it
is-necessary,, where the hole is not too
large, to make a great patch, float it
over the hole, and then fasten it sufficiently light in position until the
ship can be pumped out and floated.
One vessel was torpedoed in the
Channel, but almost reached the
shore before it went dtfwn. .^Whcn it
finally sank it was expbscd.at low tide
and not so very .far.-from a railroad-
Heavy locomotives pulled  the vessel
It is  considered,   that  Mr. Dollar's i���t0 a perpendicular position/and the
knowledge, of Pacific routes and' possibilities is second to none, and.while
his ���discussions.will bc general in nature they will no doubt bring forth
;some phases extremely valuable to
Canada,, and -particularly lo Western
Canada. Mr. Dollar is president of
the National Trades' Council of the
United Stales, and one of the most
active workers for American foreign
Sir Edmund Walker, president    of
the Canadian Bank of Commerce, is
vessel was finally refloated
While these salvage operations have
been rcmuncralivaly successful, leaders in the industry declare 'that it is
next to impossible to save a ship h'ing
in water deeper than her masts, and
that very many ships will never be
brought to the surface. But thcy do
not despair as to-the cargo if the-ship
lies in less than 200 feet of water.
Divers can operate with comparative
ease at that depth. ;���'-',
Many sailors recently-    demobilized
Korean Atrocities
Not Exaggerated
Opinion Expressed  By Dr. William
Elliot Griffis
Washington, District of Columbia.
���That the stories of reported Japanese atrocities in Korea have not been
exaggerated, was the opinion expressed in an interview by Dr. William
Elliot Griffis, who organized the first
public schools on the west coast of
Japan in 1870, and who is in close
touch -with far eastern affairs, and es-
peciall3r thc movement to render
Korea independent of the government
of Tokio. Dr. Griffis took part in the
Korean rally held in Washington. His
statement was as follows:
"The stories of the outrages perpetrated by the Japanese in Korea have
I am sure been in no way exaggerated. As published in thc press, thcy
have for the most part emanated
from people who are known to me
personally, and they bear strong evidence of truth- In addition lo the
evidence published, I have received
overwhelming proof in piivate letters
from friends as well as in direct conversation with recent arrivals from
"Up to the time of Marquis Ito's
entrance in public life, Japan had been
for a score of years a student on
American methods. Ito, however, fell
in Jove with Prussian methods, and
from that time up to the present Japan has been a student and a close
imitator of Prussian methods.- If Japan had adhered to American ideals,
Korea's position today would be analogous to that of the Philippines, and
she would now bc on the road to complete independence.
"Korea has her own language and
culture, and her civilization is too fine
and too venerable to bc absoibcd or
superseded .by thc Japanese, who have
acquired some of thc methods of civilization without absorbing the underlying principles of Christianity. With
the lesson of Belgium before us, no
one can say that thc spoliation of a
w'cak nation by a strong one is not a
menace to the peace of the world."
to speak before the congress on the .have cast their lot' with  the govern-
stibjcct of Oriental trade, so that the Intent salvage corps or with someone
whole phase of'Avcstern trade routes
will" comc iii for what will undoubtedly be.au excellent discussion.
A whole trainload r>f manufacturers
and industrial men will leave Minneapolis alone for the big western Canadian gathering' of captains.of industry.
The congress promises to bc one of
the greatest conventions of ils kind
ever held in the Dominion, possibly
) the-greatest    yet held   -wcsl of    the
is'planned to: start when  the weather\GrcV ,L:lkos'   -I*\viuaioiis '.-arc"being
is fair .over  the.'whole  course.'  The
flight of 2,750.miles is'schc'dttlcd to be
sent out by thc thousands lo .manufacturers-and industrial men, selected
made.in 32 hours,-ivitjfouly one stop.Ifron? *-���6ne_tliosc industries consider
��� Growing- Garden Seeds
\ * ���
1 .��� Von Moltke's Memoirs
Zurich,    Switzerland.    ���   German
.'newspapers received"herc-say the publication of the memoirs of General
von Moltke, former, head of the German, general'staff,, has just been forbidden in Germany. Von .Moltke. severely .criticized ih "his memoirs" " the
German policy of the last: jSr.c-war pc-
-riod.'   Thc memoirs contain .passages
. relative, to thc 1914 events that would
produce an unfavorable impression in
Germany-with regard to the question
of  war  responsibilities.
Seed.of Most. Varieties of -Vegetables
': - Can-Be Grown a"t:Horac_ ���'-..-
��� '���.Circular ;"No..T7"b'f- the' Dominion
Experimental Harms: shows .that seed
of liibst.-varieties" of "vegetables'can be
., grov.'n at. houie of.as go'od or better,
' quality.th'aii'is theiinported seed. -'. To
insure having gpod; seed, "however, it
should!-= be7produced-' from,"the - best
plants- of-.the", crop rather-- lhan'from
those whicli .ha'ppc'ir.tp-be .left .unused." . This "ptiblicatioii, "which'- is "entitled "Every .Gardener IIis, Owii 'Seed
Grower,-'"'is obtainable from' the,Publications Branch, of thc-'Depariment of
Agriculture at Ottawa, and, tells .how'
-to grow, select,-anti' care .for seeds
of such garden crop's as beans, corn)
"cucumbers,- egg plants,- letttic*. melons, parsley, peppers; peas, radi?h, tpr-
inatoes. and some oilier, crops.
at North^Pialte; Nebraska.' -.The first
leg- of 1,509 .. miles, if."' sticc'essfully
flown, will be the record"flight for the
world,' surpassing "the." flight, from
Newfoundland to -the Azores: by lhe
United States navy seaplanes.
The" hardest part of the'trip will be
froni North Platte to; San Francisco,
1,241." miles,- across-the Sierra'';Nevada
raoun'iains. Landing places in :ca"sc of
trouble are numerous from New "York"
to North'Platte,-but in the .'last-'half
of the flight-tin', mountains,oiler few
suitable-open-splices; ."However, s'cv-'
era!-Ilights ' across the Sienas- have
been made', the most recent effort, by
Lic'tit": William Hatiim McR. Beck-in.
a De llavilUnd four plane. ��� "His- observations" are available, for tlie 'guid-
ance.of Captain Francis. .-��� Li'culeii.aiil
Beck covered ;545 miles ..from Sacra-
ntc'nto, California,'in 321 minut.es. !It
was ..necessary" ���-"to'., fly. 'at '.ail:"'average
altitude, of 11,000 fcet.^4;lic ���Allegheiiy
Mountains in'the.;-, east present com?
paralivcly Millie .difficulty;, as.tlicy can
be crossed-at' an.VaUitiide' of less; thaii"
3,000. ft c.t. '.and lhc distance,.'is 'much
shorter.'.,'- "-"".-.   ,..'���''-, '_ ��� .'- ���.". ���-"-���
Botli-i.ui.litary and'c-biiiiuerciai living
are csp'ecled.. to profit "greatly', by .this
flight -/rqii'f ocea'n to ocean'; A .success*
."ful-flight to Nortli PI.-ijte>\"\iir-.-show
lliat"thc"Lrniled-S,lates army liar .a machine- capable.' of efTective ."operation
for -IjSOO'iniles --w.itlitii- .'ait .encTn.y's
lines,, while:regular -freight and pars-
cngcr .service'' will be-:proved 'prttctic-.
:ible7.a ltd doubt less, soon .will lie- ".maintained; along- the .route to " bir. -eslab- i
���Jishcd-by Captain' Francis
ed advisable to have'represented.
Handfiil Of Men
Held Off 6,000
Officers Fought" 6,000 Egyptian Insur-
. rectionists'
The story of how, a" handful ol" Bril-;
ish ..officers, at'the head of 100 native
troops,-fought"oft for-three.days the
attacks of'6,000 Egyptian'insurrectionists anti saved ilie. .lives'of' 100 white
-women- and-children, is "told- by -Pro-,
lessor Allgood .of Birmingham, -Ala.;
who has arrived in'New- York from
Assuit,   Egypt.'; ���     '.'.''-        ' ''
For-.the- last four "years Professor
Allgood.lias been science instructor at
the college'of A-ssuit'! the capital of
Upper'. Egypt.- ',. -'. "" ". ."- .-.' -  '!.,''".
of lhc private corporations which
have taken up the work. The pay is
good while there is always'ah clement
of danger.
For Social Service
. How the War Helped Japan
-.  Great Britain,  being  engrossed   in
. 1I19 great v.ar, had to relax her hold
" on-.trad.e.;��ffairs; and during the -last
year   the" United. States, was. in "the
:. same/position."  Japan saw hcrchance
-" and-rused��i_t.,: In-1913 her exports were.
'"- worth 63_ million poutiils.-in 1917 they
- .'were-.'a ]������ hundred" anil' :sixty.-"minidiii-.'
���Her:--.exX'orts.;to:..'"Brifain'.'rose."   .fro.in"
...seven" to,' twenty iniillions, and. to- the
"United.:State? 'from'' twenty;- toi;f&r*y:
,'.eight- rftinion*:..;���'������' -.;.,...-': .; '/��� - ;, ,;..'���" "��� :
Saving Thi Dimes
the   nickles   and   the   di:n;:s
Strong Organization in Manitoba for
Moral and Social Uplift
-Ii) the'province of Manitoba tlicrc
is building up a' so'Hkil -service organization which, promises .to be exceptionally powerful and of a.-high moral
tendency, " At the general meetings
there will be- ten delegates from each
of lhc- -40.provincial - constituencies,
and ten from each of. thc following
organizations: Boy Scouts, ^Presbyterian, "Methodist, Anglican, Congrcga--
lional, -Baptist, Unitarian and. Roman
Catholic- Churches, .Good Templars,
Grain Growers, Graduate Nurses, Educational ��� Association, School. Trustees' Association, Sunday School Association, Christian ^Endeavor, W!C.
T.U., V..M.O:A., Retail"Merchants' Association,. Royal;;Tctnplars, Salvation
-ArmyrScandinavian Anii-Saioott-League, Church of Christ,, and the Union
of Municipalities. Willi all thcsc'-fully
represented,-"- llie"-. general conference
wiil.have a membership of 640.'
The. subjeels with which'it is." proposed-that tlic'sc. clubs and their, central., .council- shall deal are exclusively
On' March 20 air' outpost" rider such-as .'affec.t - the well-being, "of 'the
reached'"\tlieui witlr.the.: news, that 'al coiiiiiVunitjv and.-cannot'btH sil-.t a liigh
band.'of'Anibs wei'-'ca'dvancingxt': thej tone fo71 i 1 e -debates;-;whicli^ will; give
town;   -' -,- -   XX -     7 ���  -"        ��� J well directed intellectual exercise and
'- Tlie.ajiie'd officers', quickly.- 'went,- toj '���} chance, at'-oratory such.as '.Canadians
the de'fente-'and defeated, lhc first":'as-.i have/beeu-uinsscil -tp.'.'.'Besides'.this "it
will'liayc-iiy social side, ".which .makes,
sparsely' .settled regions',-iinich more
habitable. :.   Tlfc: organization'   is:rap-
Education o�� Boy Soldiers -"7 .
Announcement is -made by- Sir
James I.oughccd. Minister of'thc Department of .Soldiers'- Civil Re.-estab--
lisliiucut at Ottawa, that :a general
policy with reference to training, for
satilt.vvhich; was 'delivered .that"day.by
about .6,000 natives. -. Revolting ivl-
laiies.'swarmed- to lhe standards of-tlie
besiegers;: and attacks we're m'atle'.witli
fanatical .fury. ' :T-h_e- .animiinilioh of
the besieged.ran' shoi't "and. the".sitiia-
tioiuwii.s desperaUvwhen/British aviators "froiii Alexandria succeeded - in
dropping!supplies into tlie beleaguered
town." Aat the end of the "-third; day"
guub'oats ���with rescuing troops niade
tlicir way it'p'-the Nile,- drove off the
attackers and .relieved the-garrison-'" -
.'During the lighting the, college,.
Christian" churches and all English
property were destroyed by /.the re^
b'els." .'X..     .-
idly, going 'ah ead.v btit'-l he. older - prov
ince, s
are' uiiforlunately. slow  to-take
��� 1110 vement.��� Mont real. Witness"!
are saved and w.iselv invested !tIlosc ^V-5' %viio <->lll*stccl in the Can-'
.   bave
'II     L llC \     t\t *      Oft t VU    HIIVI     IV-U l. Ik      HIV t'.itVM 1
thcy will form the enduring basis of!^'811 Lxpcditiynary Force under the"
C-anacla-s    financial-   anjl - ���indu.striati:i!-'c of IS 3'^rs, "has been adopted by
prosperity. If anyone ' dotibtd the
ability of a nian to build a fortune
ih this way/let him look at the career of the late F- W. Woolworth, the
5~, 10 and 15 cent store magnate,, who
recently, died in the. United States. .'-
-A certain "wonian -say.sjthat her h'us-
brind is so.fond .of au'Cargiiinerit-.that
he" woii*t; cat ���anytliipg that >vill'agree
vvitli him.'���_'   iX-.'X ' XX.-X i X. 'Xy ��� ,\
* '-}ilill i o'r. =���-, i or; de fen ^ s-���;.' nd lli e,- .-shine
aniornt- .iot;'prb^sJcuiion^is '.'tlie ' laiv-
\cXs irip;X6.X - '��� -,":'. "-".:-' "s :
the government. Tlie. ��� trainitig for
ihosc boys will' be carried on largely
along lines of apprenticeship in industries, thus placing;, the boys in a
position to compete as trained me^
chanics... Training will also bc given
in universities and commercial colleges;.:-; The'carrying .out" of'--.this
scheme .Vilf.be, hi .-the'hands-o.f'..the
Departnieitt' pf'""Soldier's*. Civil Rc-es-
tablifhmcnt. 7.-. 7   ���������'-:���'"*.  ' ,���'���':,-'": ��� -.��� ���-:���"
Three Thousand Peasants Executed.
Three lliousand peasants'��� 'young
women; and children���have beeit shot
or hanged by the Red army as a consequence of revolts in western Hun-
jiary around Ocdenburg, according to
neivs . considered trustworthy; Thc
entire village of JKolnhof was burned;
The massacre took' place, aftcr 32
villages surrounding Dcdenburg had
refused to go ..over to Bolshevism.
They desired to join.up with Austria.
' ���If.-a/man"j? too -proud; to>'-beg;'anil
top honest toSteal;,th> only'.tlnng-left jtfie-.80d.:mjl!-" t'i
. for fijni is.'to g.'t.t trusted.'".';'.,-.'''';. /"."_- "'-"|quick tir:-.e-:,.-   '',
Canada's Submarine Reaches Halifax
: 7Thc British' siibnia,nne'Hrl.4,;vvhich
Great rBritaih recently ."presented X to
Canada, has "arrived in.'Halifax, :-'and.
is.'now at-the".dockyard.7,7" .-;-��� -'-,' :'X'-:
���'���'��� The, ��� fubwa'riri'e' arrived'.."fron'i;;-Ber-
ihhcla.'and is.ui'.'der'sloo'd toy hsyemajle
uhescorted-.V-nd -'in
. .Big"Fruit-Crop in Prospect.
". Advices' front ��� Nelson, Briiish Columbia-regarding the- fruit crop-in the
Kootenai- .district arc ;vcry-, "satisfactory.. Mr. E. C. Iliiiit, whp .lias, just
returned'froiu-aii inspection trip over
a-portion of his district, says*tlic friiit
is.well formed,anil the prospects point
to a-bigger.-and better-,crop'; than" ever.
This is.good news to llie'-prairie farmer,-wiio," if lie does hot grow- the laiS
per fruits himself, js not far away
from, where they do grow, while he
lji.-.kes thc nioiiey to purchase his re-
quirenieiits wilh other-crops.
Fishermen Are Now
Becoming Rich
Now Have Their Town and Country
Houses and Motor Cars
Hull, England. ��� Fortunes from
fish are bemg piled up by skippers
operating'out of Hull. All through
the war their profits were so tremendous that they now constitute a kind
of local plutocracy. They have town
houses and country houses and garages  filled  with  motor cars.
-There arc now about ninety skippers working their ycssels out of this
port. ..Tlfc majoiity are rough sailors,
with a rule-of-tluimb knowledge of
navigation, arid curious ideas about
the best -.way- to spend' their huge
For several years many of them
have been netting from $40,000 to $50,-
000 annually.. One is said to have
averaged close on to $60,000.
A record is held by the skipper of
a-trawler which last fall made the
Ireland" voyage twice within six
weeks, returning from the first trip
with a"little less than $100,000 worth
of'1 fish,.'and from the second with a
little more than that amount. The
skipper's-nct profit from thc two trips
was something like $20,000. The second voyage lasted only 'seventeen
-Owners of the fishing craft, who
take none of the risks the skippers
face, make even more money. A boat
which " "hardly would' have ��� been
��� thought-.worth sending to sea before
tlic war can bc counted on r.ow -to
bring in net-profits at the rate of more
than .$1(KX000 -a year. Wild speculations arc; going on in trawlers, the
boats- changing hands at ridiculous
prices.. ..'.', ,.-.'.
. .'It' is p. gamble against time, for
when the'-trawlers now engaged in
niitic-swccpiiig arc released from that
work the fishing fleet will be tripled
and (ish profits vill drop accordingly.
Canada And Basic
Rules For Labor
Federal  Government  Favors dullest
Discussion of All Differences
Ottawa. ��� The Toronto Central
Strike Committee recently drew the
attention of the Prime Minister, Sir
Robert Borden, to the declarations of
the basic ideas relating .to labor as
enunciated by the peace terms. The
committee put this question to the
Premier: "Why is common labor forced to strike to obtain what we understand to be internalionallv recognized?"
Sir Robert in reply dispatched the
following message: "The position of
the government was fully explained
to thc delegation from Toronto as
well as in my observation in the
House of Commons. I madc it clear
that the federal government favor* a
full recognition of labor as well as
the fullest discussion of all differences
between employers and employed.
The hours of employment and the
conditions of labor have been the subject of provincial legislation in every
province in Canada with the possible
exception of Prince Edward Island.
Thc Dominion government recognizes
the principles embodied invthe peace
treaty in so far as they come within
the jurisdiction of the federal parlia.-?
ment, and is prepared to submit measures for the purpose of carrying
Ihent out."
The peace conference at Paris took
steps with respect to labor. I- thc
first place, it included in the peace
terms themselves a declaration of
rules which all industrial communities
should endeavor to apply so far as
their special circumstances would permit. That declaration opening with
the statement that "Labor should not
be regarded merely as a cjoinmodity
or article of commerce," affirmed the
right of association for all lawful pur- ���
poses by the employed as well as the
employers, and indorsed the eight-
hour day or 48-hour week, the weekly
rest day of at least 24 hours, the abolition of child labor and the view
that men and women should receive ���
equal remuneration for work of equal
value. Furthermore, thc peace conference provided machinery for the
holding of international labor conventions, to recommend legislation for the
welfare of the workers. The,iirst of
these conventions is to take place at
Washington, District of Columbia,
this year- It is the duty of thc governments of the respective countries
represented at these gatherings to
bring recommendations madc by the
delegates before the proper legislative
It is conceivable that in Canada the
Dominion government would be called
upon to submit certain recommendations of the labor convention to the
Dominion parliament. Inasmuch, however, as jurisdiction to legislate in
regard to property and civil rights
and contracts has bden confided to
the provincial legislatures by the
British North America Act, recommendations dealing with houis of'
labor would have to be referred to
the provincial legislatures. The argument that the power to deal with the
subject and hours and conditions of
labor re-sts with the provincial authorities is supported, as Sir Robert Borden notes in his message to the
Toronto Central Committee, by the
fact that in eight of the provinces,
that is, in Ontario, Quebec, Nova Sco-
lia, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia, statutes on that very topic
have already _bee_u_enacted and are in_
An opportunity will probably be
given for a full dress debate on the
strike situation in Canada.
Britain Shows
Her Gratitude
Austria's. Peace Problem
Pari':;.���Completion- of the Austrian
peace conditions has been delayed by
the reparations problem. Thc proposal that the new. states "formed, from
Austria-Hungary bear something toward the cost of the arriiy Of liberation ;has."not Jroet" with favor.' .'-The
French.delegation, is -working,- upon' "a
ne'w-plan."' -������.,   - 7- V'*1 -' '��� .,.-���'    "-' ���-.-..',--
Warmth- of . Feeling With Which
- London Said Farewell to thc
. "7,.:7 Colonial Troops > .
' "There ; was no question - of the
Avarmth of/feeling with which London
on behalf of the Old Country said
farewell to the Colonial troops. It
may possibly have been lhat wc have
iiow.; had a little practice in these
things)'"'-but"I rather think that the
heartiness..of thc cheering���far heartier than when the Guards came home
���was. due to'a more -subtle reason.
The Englishman is not quite at ease in
celebrating military triumph. There
must be some added sentiment to
make him clieer. That, I should say,
is why he. cheered so well. For hc
remembered that these men who
marched by had come a long way
froin across the sea to stand by thc
Old Country. They had done well.
They- were now going back, and they
might not.pass this way again. Everyone wanted-to thank them for having
come so gallantly to our aid.. So we!
checred-e-as. \V chad never "cheered our j
own .victorious- troops.���London Daily.
"News'.':','-   "    "-. ,7 ''XX- r ,>'������.'��� '������-:.- '=!
",,.."Are;-'you- .feejing very 'ill ?"7..as.k'cd
tlve-doctor. ;''Ect.nie see yptir tongue;
please"?" .-���'.".-"������- 7 , ;".. -7 7 XyX- '���'..'-
'Xy.What's."the" i5se?'"-rep!j.ed,-thy-.pe*"-;
si.iuiir-; "no. tongue c��.. ..tell -hoyri'bad.
I-.tecL;*1' '  "   '-' --,.' -���' '7-777':-'.'
Millions Were Spent
On Troop Transport
Movement of Soldiers on Government
Railways Cost Nearly
'      .$15,000,000
Toronto.���Troop movements oa the
Canadian National railways alone
from August, 1914, until May 31 last,
cost thc government between $10,000,*
000 and $15,000,000. According to statistics at the Canadian national office*
the total number of troops moved in
all camp and ieaport transfers eatt of
Winnipeg- was 1,108,081. The eetimat*
of cost is based on a calculation of
cost "of $10 or $15 pcr man, which ���
would be extremely low, as some of,
the movements were from the west.
From ilontreal east between'August 14'and November 30, 1918, the
period of actual warfare, the Canadian
national railways handled 462^40"^by
special-trains and 296,585 by regular
train, a total of 758,825 men, all outward bound. No fewer than 1,191 spe~
'cial trains were required for the gigantic task, and the special train
miles totalled 803,359.
From December 1, 191S, when demobilization began, down to May 31,
1919, there were handled by special
trains out of Halifax 153,609, and by
regular train 17,680, a total of 171,289-
For thc incoming troops so fa - $53
special trains- have been required for
1 a total mileage of 303,515.
-0"nc.;W.ay*.-.'to humble a" man's,;!pride
is .to-present li;ms"with.'a" lite "srzci'cray"-
on po rt r.ii.t t ��� o f '= li i ins cl f- -..iti a de -'.by. 'an
amat'ccr'/ar.tist'. 77-".7-""'7/"' .7 ".'"���'' -���:"-: ���"'
The Eiffel Tower is being demobilised, and the public wiil soon be ad-
Trriitted to visit it- Besides feeing; a
wireless station during the way, it was
a valuable anti-aircraft station, bristling with guns which made it dreaded
by .Goths raiders.
S-iMuctinics aa eye is not as black ac
it is pointed.
��� ^55.- ���SS
THE     LEDGE.     GREENWOOD,     B.     0
Wonderful Strength
For Weak Stomachs
Everyone     Talking     About
Cures   Made   By   Dr.
Hamilton's Pills
There are despairing men and women by the thousands in this city,
Avhose stomach keep thcm in constant
misery that can be quickly restored to
vigorous health by Dr. Hamilton's
Wc know of no other medicine that
possesses such power to kindle into
ncw life thc exhausted energies of
chronic stomach sufferers.
There is an extraordinary power in
Dr. Hamilton's Pills that searches out
the weak spots, that braces up thc
delicate glands and complex workings
of the stomach and bowels.
There arc invigorating, stimulating
tonic ingredients in Dr. Hamihou's
Pills whicli arc derived from powerful
juices taken from rare herbs and
roots, and these arc scientifically
combined with other medicinal products so as to assist in a harmonious
and pvoper working of the entire system.
The ingredients of Dr. Hamilton's
Pills, coming from the great storehouse of Mother Nature herself, can
bc relied upon to bc harmless. Guaranteed results follow to all who use
Dr. Hamilton's Pills ."or Stomacli
Weakness, Gas, Sonnies*, Headache,
Biliousness or Constip.V.i.jn,
Seekers of thc better health can not
'.'.o better than invest 25c in this
health-bringing family medicine.
The Unexplored
Parts Of Canada
Matter of Natural Resources Has Become of the Utmost
When the country has returned
from thc way of thc war to the path
of peace thc government may sec its
way clear to resume thc exploration
of unknown Canada. With thc heavy
burden of debt now resting on thc
nation, thc matter of its natural resources has become of thc utmost
importance. To these wc must look
for the means of meeting the national
obligation and of attracting population and capital. Exploration and
prospecting, too, should provide a
strong lure for many of thc returned
men who shared in the great adventure in Europe. Apart from thc pica-
cure of discovery, the quest is not
without more tangible rewards, besides affording one avenue of escape from thc difficulty of finding
employment for returned men who
havc no skilled trade at their fingers'
f.-nds, but possess both grit and intelligence.
Canada has quite a number of areas
cither unknown or only known in a
vtry-vaguc'and general"way:   Accord-
"ing-.io Mr. Charles Campbell, of the
Geographical Survey, who dealt with
tliis fascinating subject ��� two .or three
years ago in" the..Geographical7Journal,  no -less-than ,31   districts  caii  bc
"classpd.'as "unknown,"-scattered oyer
Ontario,- Quebec, Manitoba,."Alberta,
Saskatchewan, British Coulmbia, Y-u-
��� loon," and   the   Northwest  Territories.
���"Mc thai, wrote: :"1 find in Western
Canada; areas, aggregating '.-642,000.
square' miles "in. extent, which must
still be considered as unexplored,'and
.���in--  northern   -Quebec about.   -250,000.
' "square miles, making an'aggregate:of
���900,000'. square -miles.'---This docs ���'not
. include 'areas.'iinder^jOOO square iniles
"in "extent.-"/He-said-again'-: "If: we superpose these unexplored areas" on the
geographical' map'of Gatiada-"wc .'shall
iiiid "that the..greater pai't. of .Ih'c'm" lie'
���in .what, is .CQl.orcd'-as.-prc-Cambrian,"
those 'in.- w"hich,."uiid_er certain  coiidi.-."
'tions,;'7 the -'rich';'deposits . bf'-coppcr,'
���, nickel., iron, sii'vi'Vand-gOld of north
Veterans Ask To
Be Deported
Some   Winnipeg   Returned   Soldiers
Find Canada Not Democratic Enough
Winnipeg.���Plans for the organization of a soldiers' and sailors' Labor
league iu Winnipeg arc being drawn
up by a soldiers' committee here. This
was annaunccd by L. Keller, speaking before a gathering of seven or
eight hundred returned soldiers in thc
Norwood baseball grounds. It was
said that thc league would bc formed
on the lines of a similar one which
was started in Vancouver about three
weeks ago. It is to bc submitted
clause by clause, lo an open meeting
ol" returned soldiers and sailors ancl
modified according lo a decision of
the majority.
Other matters discussed by the
meeting were thc following resolution with regard to the recent
amendment to the Immigration Act
which was unanimously carried and
also details of the recent riot, particularly  of the death of Sokolowski.
"We, the returned soldiers and
sailors of Canada and liis Majesty's
forces, who fought for freedom and
liberty and are now residents in the
city of Winnipeg, do demand of our
government to deport us lo our mother country according to the latest
amendment to the Immigration Act,
as wc find that this country is not
governed in thc democratic spirit for
which we fought."
It was stated by those who presented thc resolution that they expect
to -secure 10,000 signatures before
forwarding it to thc authorities.
Killing- "Death Watch"
Method of Attacking Distinctive In-
' sects With Liquid Gas
Hundreds of returned Canadian
soldiers will have noticed during
their visits to the house of parliament
(writes a correspondent) thc huge
scaffolding which completely obscures
thc handsome oaken roof of Westminster Hall. Thcy will have wondered,
too, at thc reason for this unsightli-
ncss in one of Britain's "show places."
The reason is easy of explanation.
The scaffolding which has been there
for five years and is likely to remain
for another three, is due to the fact
that workmen have long been fighting
a campaign against an insect known
as thc wood-boring "death watch"
beetle. Battalions of these insidious
insects have for years been attacking
the wonderful oaken beams, but the
work of destruction was noticed in
the nick of time. Liquid gas attacks
by expert workmen wearing masks go
on day after day, ami their work i.s
supplemented by others who are shoring up and strengthening the massive
Carries Many Wounds
Elias    Babaian    Brings     Over
Samples of German Shrapnel
In His Body
Fort William.���Elias Babaian,
Fort William,' who went to the front
with thc 27th Battalion of Winnipeg,
holds thc record among Canadian
privates for bringing back souvenirs.
Babaian returned to his home tow'n
with somewhat over one hundred samples of German shrapnel splinters all
cached in various sections of his anatomy. Thc doctors have performed
14 operations on him and removed 109
missiles from his body* Pie is now
on a month's holiday from Tuxedo
hospital in Winnipeg, where he must
return in thirty days and let the doctors lift a few more pieces of Hun
metal from his system.
Incidentally,  Babaian got a couple
Nothing pleases sonic men more
than lo hear disagreeable things about
someone they have wronged-
A coincidence ��� i.s  thc  antiquated
pica ol" the plagiarist.
"Black-Watch'"���The   Best   Black-
Plug Chewing Tobacco on the Market
^Palpitation of the heart, shortness
of breath, inability to lie on the left
side, feelings as if smothering, oppressed feeling in thc chest, dizzy and
faint spells, tired, weak, worn-out
feeling, involuntary twitching of thc
muscles, sleeplessness, restless, etc.,
all point to the fact that cither the
heart or nerves, or both, arc not what
thcy should bc. Any of these conditions should be remedied immediately
so as to avoid a complete breakdown
of the whole system.
Milburn's Heart- and Nerve Pills
will bring energy to the weakened
constitution, .strengthen and regulate
the heart, ad tone up thc tired, overstrained nerves.
Mrs. William Steeves, Chemical
Road,  N.B.,  writes:  "1   havc  been   a
palpitation of the heart, which was so
bad I had to sit straight up in bed
to get my breath. I could not lie on
my left side at all. I tried doctor aftcr doctor, also several different remedies, but got no help from thcm. My
mother insisted on me trying Milburn's Heart and Nerve Pills. By the.
lime 1 had used one box 1 was feeling very much better. I took in all
three boxes, and now I am in perfect health and can enjoy a good
sound sleep, and can lie on my left
side without any trouble."
Milburn's Heart and'Nerve Pills arc
SOc a box at all dealers, cr-mailed direct on receipt of price by Thc T-
Milburii   Co., Limited, Toronto, Out.
took part in what his party called
'rag'���some bit of good horse-play.
One night, after a scuffle, the bed of
Capt. Michael H. Fenn, business
manager of the trans-Atlantic expedition, was filled with crumbled dog-
biscuit. Another night thc party invaded the room of Lieut. Lawrence
Clement, meteorological officer, and
snowballed him till hc cried for
mercy. -*'.���'
"On still other nights he went to
motion-picture shows. The last picture hc saw was one. by Theda Bara,
whom hc thought a very bad actress.
Hc and others of thc party have received not a little social attention
and have often gone out for tea."
Com. Alackenzic Grieve, R.N.,
Hawker's navigator, has had far less
of the limelight in his lifc than Haw-
Denmark  Wants
No German Citizens
Declines   To-  Accept   Responsibility
For Province Of
Denmark/wise in its day and generation, declines to accept responsibility for that part of the province of
Schleswig that is inhabited by a hostile German population. Its government has no desire to" create another
Alsace-Lorraine grievance between
thc small people of Denmark and
their immensely more powerful neighbors, or to face the endless controversies over language, institutions and
officials^ that it would entail. Nor is
it without significance in its bearing
on the regard in which the League of
grcat'suffcrcr from nerve troubles and  kcr, yet in his line of endeavor he is j Nations is held lhat the Danish states-
a man of attainments. Hc is 28 years
old, a wireless expert and a meteorologist, as well as flier. For a time
during the war hc commanded-' the
cruiser Campania, mother ship of thc
Britisii air squadron with thc Grand
Fleet.���Ncw York World.
inch   are not  inclined  to  sec
Hawker's Career
flag wherever    it fronted an    enemy,
of machine-gun bullets in thc leg, but j reached a total of 100,000.    Some enlisted in , 1914., and the-number',grew
as .thcy passed right through he was
relieved of'1 carrying that much.more
refined "mineral" home. - .'
- Babaian is Arm.chian.born, but had
lived in "Fort "William tcii-ycars previous to the outbreak of the "war. He
-wa's selling Oriental rug's front doo.r
to. door'when" it struck him .he ought
.to go' and take a -whack at the Hun.
He-enlisted .with .the 44th- here "and
was-later .transferred.to the 27th.'. Tie
was in'all. the fighting" tliat ���-tlic
2nd DivisionCanadians wciit through,"
and although wounded-time and again
he always ."recovered in- time", for- lhe
next; fight'.", Babaian: never missed-'"a
battle in which the 2nd,divisjoii*'w.crc
engaged','-and , on .the three .'occasions
on'1 which .he was a casu.ally.-irc- -was
wounded, in T0,9:plaocs, so -far-- as the'!. "
doctors, have" been --able  to  ascertain.! .- ���     ���   , -
.  -���-     --..������ ���-���-.-.��� i Amciicans
"Lycry .time; the medicos look him over"
Ihcy.'fi'nd-a fc.w'-ri'cw chunks of, ���shrap-'!
ncl;'andh'e believes he .will-have thej
.prize" collection ;fdr a living soldier of
|, the7 ..-great Avar."- .."'���";-    "       -V.  ';".""-.
I-wcnty-on'c'.'iualc   relatives ' of  Ba-
���-vvcrc "killed  in.-, action-in "the
'war, -hud -his-'-father,;, who--"was
A. Conan Doyle to Stop Writing
London.���Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
has announced: "1 am entirely immersed i:i psychic work and likely to
remain so." Judging from conversations with several of his .publishers,
this probably means the retirement of
the creator of Sherlock Holmes from
fiction and  thc dedication  of  the rc-   Record   ag   an   AviatQr   Ig    q^c   of
mainder of his life to spiritualism. . .' ,   .,
Astonishing and Almost Uninterrupted Success
Harry G. Hawker's career as a
pilot, covering nine years, has revealed an ability to draw a line between
sheer recklessness and prudent daring
which has been at once thc amazement and despair of his fellow flying
men. Perhaps the secret of it is that
what would bc recklessness in another has in his case simply been good
craftsmanship, because of his consummate skill and wonderful nerve
and physical vitality. His record as
an aviator is one of astonishing and
almost uninterrupted success.
Hawker was a lad in Australia, his
native land, when flying was in its
infancy in England. His natural
tastes turned him to motor-engines,
and his love of adventure carried
him to England in company with a
half-dozen other young Australians.
Two at least of his companions gained distinction in thc land of their
adoption. These wcrc Lieut.-Col.
Harry Burstcd and Major Eric Harrison, who became aviation officers.
The boys brought their savings in
their pockets and, once in thc
motherland,; sought employment as
mechanics.   Hawker'speedily found a
service made undoubtedly the largest [berth. with'T.-  O.   M.   Sopwith,' then
bodyjof mcn���evcr'enlisted for war un-j just-starting as a builder .of.airplanes.
der another ilagthan their :0wn.   And ij-lawk'er " proved ' himself-   a    skilful
Americans Fight
Under British Flag*
Largest Body of Men Ever Enlisted
for War Under Foreign
Now lhat thc Americans' who volunteered  with  the   British  forces arc
being brought together in England for
repatriation, it seems likely  that the
number of these  recruits was far in
excess  of the 20,000 at which it has
been  estimated.    It  will not .be  surprising if this volunteer army, 'whose
individuals fought    under the Briiish
from ycar.lo'.year. Whatever thc final
estimate,    lhe Americans ." in  British
now," for-many, .of thcm,-it. is quite a
long' and serious-business to secure
the papers tliat. will prove, to port'officials.at home-that they'arc not immigrants.--Christian  Science  Monitor. -'
Hun Officers True To Form
Shot   Their   Own   Men   When   They
Attempted to Save Ships
From Sinking
Thurso, Scotland.���German sailors
were shot by their own officers when
thcy attempted to obey thc commands
of the British officers to return to
tlicir ships and shut the seacocks.
This statement was made by Lieut.
Nitttall, of the steamer Aloticttc,
which has reached here from Scapa
Flow, where the German ships were
"I  pulled  alongside a  German  de-
peace to be signed at Versailles any
more enduring peace than resulted
from the treaty of Vienna. Former
Premier Niels Nccrgaard, at a recent
secret meeting of thc Danish Rigs-
dag, offered strong opposition to thc
proposed plebiscite in thc third or
southern zone of Schleswig, and indicated that conflicts of interest among
the great powers would continue and
that events might occur which would
seriously alter the existing system.
In an authorized interview, Ovc
Rode, the Danish minister of the interior;'while expressing keen gratitude
that the coming peace will unite thc
Danish part of Schleswig with Denmark, expressed the indentical opinion
voiced by the former premier. Hc
stated that the Danish government
wished thc plebiscite limited to north
and central Schleswig. This part of
thc former duchy, hc explained, is not
inhabited by Danes, but by Germans,
who .even   before   the   war   showed
stroyer when I saw thc ship begin to.
settle," said Lieut.-NuttalI, and order-j themselves of hostile mind towards
ed Germans back to close the sea-1 Denmark. Mr. Rode feared "that,
cocks. Four or live of them turned, j partly owing to the unsettled condi-
whercupon the German oflicers shot! tions 'in, Germany and partly to ppliti-
thrcc of them/lead. Wc then opened j cal plans to kee}) the former duchy
fire on the officers and several of them  of Schleswig undivided,  the  German
Unnamed Heiresses
fell. Others among thc Germans then
returned and closed the seacocks.
Thc Germans- were also driven back
to four or five other destroyers; thcy
closed thc seacocks in timc to keep
lhe vessels afloat."
Lieut; Nultall reports that thc Em-
den has been pumped out and is now
afloat. Thc Baden's crew were forced back lo that vessel and compelled
to shut thc seacocks.
"Directly thc first red flag and
German ensign were hoisted on the
first battleship," hc added, "thc German admiral put off in a motor boat
post-haste fcp the' British air station
ashore. He stated that the German
ships avcrc sinking and-requested assistance for the crews. ' The admiral
was arrested. Naval men ��� believe
that thc trip was a-"ruse to lead-to the
belief'tliaUlhe- crews i\'crc taking
charge of the-ships. This, however,
mechanic-- and a. lad of   intelligence,  was not substantiated by wli;u"'aelii-
inhabilants. might bc induced to vote
for a union with Denmark, not because they intended to become Danes,
but to preserve the whole duchy with
a predominant German population.
That there is reason for this fear is
evident, since South Schleswig^Jias
only 150,000 Danes against 3,400,000
Germans. Denmark wants no future
cause of offence on this score. '
Early Marriages
and .Sopwith, .needing pilots,    taught
him to fly.'. ���  -.'-'  ;    "        ;     .'.���-..'.
"His development .thenceforth was
rapid. Having, found his wings,'he
began to gain advertising for his em:
plover and'himself by going after the
prizes which were beginning to be of-
.crn, Qntario7.occ.tir. --Iir. the  basin' of J.   .; .
.'thc.7MacK'c'nzie Kivcr-,''Mr. "Campbell. |.. '_.'_��� -
"added,"'"is" b'clieved'to.b.e" biie .of- thc".,t='-.""'.' ,. .    -,        ,       .   ..    ..,   .    ���   ...
,-' '.-.;-..        '.,,-���' .,   .'..    .'��� - j chief   ot-- thc   "Avrmenian-. '-volunteer-
-largest arcas'-ot  possible, oil - bearing. l: , .-. .-.���_. - ���,-  .... -.   .;:-.
"���- -"-.-.    --���,-    -.    -,   - .-,'    ��� -.; ��� .- --."'X:   loi*ces,'inaile_ the supreme' saenhec in
��� countrv v.ct unexplored on thc-lace Pi |-������       '!-,",-,   -    ���  --'        ���  "-"   ;   ; - ,
""'-'- - '   |a -great brittle -near   van.,',-  Babaian.s
7 wife ;tnd-:two: children: Vvcrc in Arm"c_- i
,i'iia. wlien.. the; wa'r-.brbkc. out,- bi.it ;h.e
has-been -unable." to locate' thcm'.siiicc.
.thc-carth."'-.'   .--..', -V'-' ';   - . ���-,,-
"'" "Exigencies -created', by*.."the,.-- war
'-.turned' Bf.itis'h'.attc'hlicm.-to" the possi-
:'bi)itics-   of tlic.- shale'   "formations  iii
- ��� England and ScotIand;-and 'recent.dis-
; patches told of valuable oil .'discoveries '-that- appear" likely to be -extended J
in   llic ""near..-future,   Tf- lhat   be*   the,
:-ca?c -in Sn oh!" country, the'possibilities' of. Canada-   must  be   enormous;
- and-even si.small percentage of finds
"��� would .amply repay all thc cost of: exploration:..  This   must  be -taken  into
.������account in  measuring  the burden  on
.  the Dominion by the wa.r, and il affords a--powerful stimulus to the de-
..-vclopmcnt of-a complete and cxhatis-
; tivc system of exploration.    No doubt
. it- will  take -many  years  before   the
hidden  treasures of northern  Canada
are even in part unveiled, but fortunes
.await thc -explorer and prospector in
the wildernesses.    Nor is it unlikely
diat productive agricultural land will
bc found in thc unexplored regions of
the northwest.   The load of debt resting   on  the  Dominion   may  prove  a
blessing in disguise, if it leads to the
formulation of a definite policy of exploration by thc federal and provincial governments and its development
in a scientific'and systematic mancr.
���St.".Thomas Journal.   '���-, 7 ���-'-���;-, 7";.-'
Canip Fires Destroy Forests
Suggestions Stop the Destruction of
"Timber, Requiring' a Century
to Grow
l.n almost every part of Canada the
camp fire, of picnic and fishing, parties
continues to destroy more of public-
owned timber than could be grown
by jhy. pl.antiiig of scores of millions
of trees.
From every direction comes urgent
.suggestions that governments start to
Wealthy-Americans   Who; Live
,Englarid;Kave to Economize. 7-.- -
- .There ��� is; -���something ������ like 'Va heavy
slum|V.,iiif'Anglo-American heiresses.
Tlic cause"'is not'..far .to/seek���taka-
,It is falling \hardost:'-;on '��� the
\vlio- live-in; the. British
Isles....'-���Brilaiii;'takt"s .nearly :half lhcir"
income, ,and.\Anic'rica: takes .the. best
part of 'wliat'"is'"'lcft. ,; Sonic- of-'-the.
weallli'y A ni'cricans. who . live in' "Eng:
land,. But derive their:income's from -
thc United Stales, arc having to; economize. . People :who Jive'6.h "thcir--:ii'i--
beritahec"-iire,"of "course,' very-much-
hard crl lit than;profiteers.,. When ;the
condition. ..of .things becomes \ again
what.it was before'-thc-wa'r.,. it'will,.bc
sc.eh-_-'tha7 some of thosc-in the forefront .bcfcre.Aiigusl, 1914; 'will be relegated'.-to. a-'"back scat, -while '_qiiitc-""a-i >j.'wicc
new order of heiresses' witli names unknown before tlic palmy.days.of munition contracts has been'thrown ���lip.-'"'
fcrcd.-   On October 24, 1912, hra Sop
with'biplane patterned after "the Am
crican" Wright machine -and powered'
wilh a 40-horsc-pdwer A.B!C. motor,
he.,woii thc'MichcIin "cup by'.'setting.a
new endurance-record of eight..1 hours
and twenty-three minutes in thebaic.
.-. On .May 31 following, in a'Sopwith
with- an SO-ho.rse    povver-:Gnomc" c'n-
^ - .      - -    -
ginc,7hc:'Gstablishcd a.-British' altitude
record, of. 11)450 -feet.'' -Two:-weeks
liiter, with.a passenger, he soared to
12-,900,'fcct. On the'sameday/ hc7took
up.two passengers;.to 10,600 "feci,- and
���on July .27, lhrce,-.tn;S,^00."fcct.7Al_".of
these were licwBritish "records.".* ' 7'-"'
- .Thcb'ig7ca'sh prize for the-' moment
was'-:thitt. of $25,000. offered by" "the
London' - Daily. Mail '��� for. a
ally happened."
The World's Shipbuilding
flight, around-. Great'Britain;, to .'"be
completed .within" seventy-two hours.
Hawker started-;-after "-this
money. ';. The- ��� fii'sl--time -he.-failed
through illness/, and-, the'..' second'.7 his
machine', went, wrong 7, afier .he - had
The Tonnage  Under Construction in
"-���; '     -  ' the World-'-
London, England.���Returns' compiled by Lloyd's register of shipping
shows lhat al lhe-close of lhe quarter ..ended March,31..last "the tonnage
'under construction in - the .world
reached 7,796,266 tons gross; of'which1
2,254,845 tons was in the' United Kingdom.     -'..-'.. 7 ��� '
Of the tonnage building"abroad,-the
'United. States "lias over 75.per; cciit.,
viz.', 4,185,523- tons. ; Their, follow the"
British ������-dominions, 303,000;.. Japan;
254,835, and '��� Holland;-/' 182,308.":.���'Only,
four otlicr countries have ov jr. 100,000
tons'of. shipping-r-ii! ..their .--yards. 4~? :-.-
-The.United' Kingdom' figures7_:arc"
about; 500,000' tons ������higher; th'an;'those
for- June, 71914,7 while, the "wonderful
seaplane") development; due-to' the-, war, j'n : thc
shipbuilding..- industry, in .-the United
States is shown by .thc-.-fact that; .'the
tonnage now ���,. under' construction, in
that coutry.is ;mdrc,;tlian-28'limes- thc
tonnage building-in-June 191'4.-.    .,-''7
skirted  the- north .'coast"'an'd .worked
Record Year in B^ble Publication', j "j"^ ;ls'far ^ Du'b*,;n;'** '7;,.
New Wk,  N.Y.-Last;ycar was ?V, -E'drfv this y6ar Hawker was-cred-
rccord.brcak.iig year  from  thc point |hed witll an altitude-flight- of-ncarlv I
of thc_ publication of  the  Scriptures,.; 30,000 feci, l>ratin��tjik-1916 re'eonrof
28,500 feet.   This record, however, has
British Soldiers Mutiny
Curious   Facts   in   British   Registrar-
General's Report
Some curious facts arc revealed in
the British Registrar-General's report
of births, marriages aiid deaths in
1917, says London Tit-Bits.    -
Whereas'.Viiost of lhe marriages
used to take place in July, August'aud
September;-the favorite months now
are October, November and December. ' Widows... rc-marriccl in great
;nunibcrs. Although" j-oung war widows 'affected' the figures," it is clear,
that the war was not.wholly responsible; for the total began to increase
in 1912. -Widowers, too, show an'in-
,creasing tendency' ' lo . take second
wives.���'   '    - '- -..'       '    -'       '���
���'- Tlie youngest bachelor tb inarry
was fifteen, and tlic youngest spinster fourteen. 7 No .fewer than. 29
males married at- "the-age of sixteen,
and 389-at the age of seventeen, two
of thc.latter majrying widows. Twcn-
ty^six. spinsters.-married at the age of
fifteen, one of them-to" a widower;" 187
women were -sixteen when thcy .married/and of 1,200- marrying at 'seventeen years, -fifteen married .widowers.
The earliest -second marriage of
males- was.'at thc age of nineteen,'and
three widows.remarried at the.age of
'eighteen.": ,0'f'ihirty-.iiiiic nicii.: marrying, w.hcn .thcy-were, tinned.-eighty,
only" one,-aged.'cighty-'ohe', had'never
tasted ...the joy's-of matrimbnial' bliss
previously,', thc rest .being .widowers;
biit put of niiie-'women marrying beyond" that".age,.- two were ".spinsters.
The.;oldest, man to :bc 'married was'.a
widower of -liiiieiy-lwo," aiid the- two
oldest .w.oiiicn were aged-eighty-five,
one', a widow:,- and .onc-.a -.spinster. ",-"
DAY and night���without
ceasing���a straggle is
going oh in your body between tfie germs of disease
and the white blood corpuscles���the police force of
thc human body.
If this police force weakens,
disease germs gain a foothold���sickness follows.
Constipation is thc most common
and dangerous way of corrupting
the human police force. Tood
waste remains too long in the intestines���decays���poisons the blood
���and opens thc way for attack by
thc germs that cause tuberculosis,
diphtheria, pneumonia and a mul- ���.
titude of other ills.
The culpable habit of using salt*,
pills, mineral waters, castor oil,
etc., to force the bowels to move,
makes this condition even worse,
as constipation returns almost immediately.
Nujol  is  entirely  different  from
-drugs as it does not force or irritate
the bowels. ������'''.
Nujol prevents stagnation by softening the food waste and encouraging the intestinal muscles to act
naturally, thus removing the cause
of constipation and ielf-poisoriing.
. ft is absolutely harmless ?ndpleasant.
Nujol helps Nature establish easy,
thorough bowel evacuation at reg- :
ular intervals���the healthiest rhabit
i'n the world.
Get t. bottle of Nujol from your
druggist today and keep your police
force on the job.
'Wntrinivttt ��� Nujo1 �� sold in;��eiled
n- Urnmg. bottles bearing thc
Nujol Trade Marie. All druggists; Insist on Nujol. You may sufftr from
n����. u.s. pat. of r.
For Constipation
"Regular as
Turks Drive Out Greeks
Outnumbered. Fpur^to.  One, Greeks
Are Retreating Before ihe
Turkish Forces .' -
Paris.���The.situation_iiv Asia .Minor
is serious, according    to,'official  dispatches received by ReuicrV Limited
here.    These'advices stated that    the.
Turkish forces outnumber the Greeks,
four lo one and threaten to'drive the
Greeks   entirely   out   of  Asia. Minor.-
The Greek forces arc reported to be
retreating before-the -Turks,--who-are,
supplied with good artillery and plenty'of ammunition...'       -
according to the annual report of the'
Aincrica'n .Bible Society, whicli stales
that over 6,000,0.00 'volumes were turned out by that organization alone.
These -volumes have been distributed
not. only in  this; country, but  in  for-
rc-plaiU the waste forest'areas.    This"!ciB�� lands.    More than  half the tes
procedure may profitably apply toit;��'��fnts I'limcd this year have been
certain sections of Canada". The main j distribut<-d to mm in the armies and
consideration, however, is to stop the! ��:ivics- of thc world,
-. Promises that are hardest to-obtain-
are surest .of fulfilment. ; Xy Xy-- XXXX.
...--   Vou never, hear": a7poor 7man':.who"
has' lost' a ;fo.'rt.u'nc .say7tliat;frichc.s=-are
"a." ciirse..''   "-'     "���':.-'".    '  ":y- '"'.." ~-- ='.:
destruction of timber requiring a century to grow: , Planting is a highly
expensive alternative to fire prevention. If camp fires wcrc. invariably
extinguished, there would be less need
of asking flic public treasury, to" assume the cost of rcbtiildingUhc.forests ' by" the.use of- millions of seedlings. 7. Camp-fires,, in;'Canada have
stolen more public .wealth thaii would
haye"transpoftcd7thc. guilty, campers
around - the- world on;' a, luxuriousL free
trip,. ..-Ycteran'-woodsmcn always build
their firc.s.;small.��,an.d/ build-them in a
safe spot,;su.ch as along a.rocky'-shore
or 7,on: a- gray el.or-sand,: base,., never
anio'ng -.leaves,, or -against", a-.-l.ogv".. ...   ;;.
not been authenticated...'     '.  '
During thc 'war. Hawker , was     a
testing    pilot,   for  ,Sopwith,   .whose
plane's shared with the Bristol 'machines supremacy on the  British -front:
As a test pilot it was; his duty to.take
up battleplane's for their final try-out
before they were turned over to the
government.    He received- $125     for
society    has published   'morel :adl fliglltf anti"jt.was. ,10i unusual for
than 134,000,000 volumes ot thc Scrip-! ,-lini l0 n]akc Uvc1vc a jav_    For    ,,,e
Hires in 150 different.languages during, lasl tllrcc'ycars he has been tlic highest paid airman in the world,,his in-
Refused   tp   Obey. Orders :and. Were.j
... Promptly'. Arrested   ' -.  7 . ..'
' London.-���The-iiiutinoiis'coi.iduct'" of-
troops at Stittoiicamp; -Surrey, which
has. been growing for the past. ��� ten
days, culminated iti the. formation' o.f
a committee by'-lhc inc'ii- and their"
refusal to salute or to obey orders
Flu Epidemic Hits Labrador
Dogs Devour Bodies.'Because No" One
���7.'  .,  ;Lcft-to"v.3ury'.Therii;-7"'7-  7
St. Johns,. Xlld.-7-An" "official 'in'vesti:
Igation   of- the   infliiciiytt ' epidemic' in
] J..abr:t'dor,'-where "scvrnil  villages . aic
1 reported   to   have   \o'X- a...majority '.of
the 103 vears of ils existence.
' Xo, Rafalo, locksmiths arc nOt necessarily.' humorists because, love
laughs at thcm.
American War -Expenditure' 7
Washington,:��� War- expenditures', of
* Wi��teM��8. QMBsfe!. jthe -war -department between '.April- 6,
leHen��� MuriaeforRed- ^'i 5r'4 Jwn��l, 1919, totalled $14,-
544,610,000, Se'crctary.'Baker'.'ihfp.rnied.
the..special- house' committee' a'tr-:-the
lies, Soresess^Grahbla-
, tkrajtchicgand Burning
'.^Dx^aST^SKiS -fc^iSST of its;prbbe7of;the-de^rt
;*ri3;'wia7dm'confe!ehee. A* Year Dnusn*   ment...  Of'thts" sum $12,822,-100,000 iva':
tot Marine when soar Et���� Need Cars.     tt-d. ' ....-��
; M&s-ia* Ey�� Heasedsr Co., C&lcaSS
.'A buzzing noisejn.the head is the
beginning of chronic Catarrh. If not
checked the result is deafness..." A
adyise ,is'7f p -. slowly '.inhale.; Catarrho-
z6ric7.a7fcw times- each" day., yXIhc
soothing7 vapor of' Catarrhozone cures
the Catarrhal condition, /and, Hearing
improves at once-'- Head noises,' buzzing ears- arc..curcd.7-'-For';'.'-Catarrhal
deafness, throat,'nose-and- ' lunjj- ��k-
tarrh. there is; probably-no remedy so
efficient:.-,The large" one; dollar-.outfit! Rearahce
comc during that time being reported
to have * been upward of $100,000 a
year." He lives on a comfortable scale
at Ivingston-'on-Tliamcs, where he has
a,-wife and six months' old daughter.
He owns three Rolls-Ryce cars, in itself an evidence of prosperity. - Thc
World-7'correspohdent at St. John's
wrote.of Hawker some time ?.go:
���"Here he has given no evidence of
great'income. He dresses almost indifferently, ' sometimes: wearing ,7 a
lounge-"suit. whose; most striking" -de-,
tail; is. trousers'with,.ektreni.e peg tops,
"sometimes-', wearing- -khaki-,-riding
breeches, with gray, golf stockings.
He seldom . appears - "without- a cap
whose.?��'izor.is drawn far. forvvardVand
'makes' him still more-boyish: in'ap-
He .doesn't look.a'bit mor,e
Two-battalions of troops wcrc.sci��lii,,,,ilb!,aiUs',was'0'rm'ri:'!' "?ioir ,TcdlH
tothe caiim-in light lighting trim, .mul |'of Archibald .Pico.tt, minister without
portfolio    iii the Newfoundland    cabV
with a machine -gun.
The-troops-arrested 400 men, among
them ringleaders, and dispatched 1,800
other men to camps at Dover and
-Canterbury. Thc main grievance -of
the incn was that thcy- were being
ordered to France.-  ;
urr.hoz6r.'c'.:Co.,' Kingston, '.Grit..
Highway Across Canada
Canada is showing keen interest in
ncw and well built roads. In addition to many highway improvement
plans in the provinces, a bill has been
prepared asking an- appropriation of
$10,000,000"to build'a road to. jc known
as th'c:7Cahadian .Highway across
Canada from "coast to coast.
; -' The.- Canadian", Highway, -' according
<td .plans, mapped out two. years ago,
by l the"'; Canadian - Automobile. .Association, will extend from: Glace Bay,
near Sydney,.-N.S.,. t67,Cap.e, Scott on
.VancouverJs!arid.>''";'7--;;_ X-Xi ''���'���- -7 """.
inct.-'of. messages det;tiling.-thc ravages
of the disease.   -. '...'-     ..
���The information -was'to .the effect
(that all incii.in the. village of Okak
had died-of: the disease and that only
60" women and children had survived.
Many of the. bodies were-.devoured
by dogs because there was no one to
bury thcin.
At  Habroii only1 five  women     and
seven men survived.   ~
The Proper Spirit
Special Gratuity of a Hundred Pounds
_   For''Winning the V.C.
.An. employee".of the Anglo American .Oil. 'Co., honorably, discharged
from  the. Britisii army,, .upon .return- '
ing to the oflice of the company, -was
surprised:, to"-tiiid ..'not - only. his  posi-.:
tion .a\vai,tiiig;him,. lint." also a'rborius"���
of-$50b; .:';'7"7 :;.-".-V  -'   iiX. xiX'i-"'
���VUpoii iiK|uiry\hc_-learned, lhat- thc -
board of jlifcctbrs had voted a special;:
gratuity- "of "a hundred'   pounds- .'"iiv
honor of.hrtviiig furnished the Anglo '
"American  '.Oil  Co.  witli ,��� a. Victoria
Cross ' 'atid "to- hi.ark,.:tiic-   company's
high .appreciation p('lii's/co.iir:i'gc..ah'd
dcvotio'i'i."-.      .--    .���-..'   ���" - =-���'.    .'""
No - 'American ,-cat: can,
Chinese tomtom for hoisc
equal.- th"��.
.7 Aviators' Decorated--.'
��� London^I t is announced that "King
George Has 7: conferred' tbe'C'ofder "'of
ICnight- of. the Britisii Empire on both
Captain Alcock: and ..Lieut. Brown..
Turks Plead for Their Existence:7
Paris.���'- The Turkish.-delegation
delegation which appeared before the
Council of. Ten on. June. 17 iscnt-.the
council.a.dctailed memorandum which
it promised at that time to draft. This
memorandum.-gave.at length the. pica
for -the .continuance of ;"thc" old'Turkish empire,-, which:was' made orally
before .the '.council at*:, the hearing'' recently. -The memorandum ���'states.'that.
thc...Turkish-goverhnicntftis; prepared
to recognize.:the' independence' of-.' Ary
rn'cnia and to'graht.some,.form of.,au-
toribmou's .rgoyernmc.nl':'',t.o Palestine"
and .'Arabia :undfr. Turkish' governors.
,Gratitude is too often but a fervid
cxp'ecfation'of-favors to-come.
Make   a ��� Beauty . Lotion   for a   Few
Cents to Remove Tan, Freckles,
- XxyX X. . '- Sallowness .'���'..-
- -Your: grocer,;-has'' t'he-icmons/and  >
any- drug store or. ;to"ilet -counter,:';Svill VI
supply you with three ounces of-,orch-;_:;:
ard -white for a few cents.  . Squeeze',
the juice of two fresh lemons into a
bottle, then put in the. orchard white
and-shake well.' This makes a quar-
ter^ pint of the very best lemon skin
whitencr  and .complexion  beautifier"
known.-     .;.Massage   "this     fragrant,-,
creamy   .lotion    daily into    the face, 7
neck, arms- and-.hands and- just see 7
how.-   freckles, -tan,- -, sallowness,- :rcd- '���-:
ness ft.and;: roughness,  .disappear, arid7- -'
h6\y7smodth, soft and- clear. the skin   .-
becomes. ; Yes!". It.Js'.-harxpJess; and ���
the beautiful;'re'sults-;wil! .'surf'rise you.
1 ci
x I
i :���
'IZIQ. _-K^_^.���.
THE   ledge;   greenwood,   b.   c.
You surely must if you don't save when you are =
young. An Excelsior Endowment is the best way. =
Write for pamplet to-day s
Real  Seville
All Orange and Sugar���
No camouflage.
Boiled wilh care in Silver Pans.
"Wood's Phosp&odiafc
Th* Orcat English Remedy.
Tones ��nd invicoratcft tka whole
I nervous system, makes Dew Blood
ia old veinii. Cures Ntrvov*
Debility, Mental and Brain Worru, JJespon.
dency, r.ornt of Energy, J'alpilation of the
Start, Failing Memory. Prlco $1 per box. iix
for $5. Onawill plesso, nix will euro. Sold by nil
drugcints or mailed in plain pkg. on receipt of
Rrlco. AVw> iin mphlet mailed free. THE WOOD
Nothing Angelic In
Bolshevic Chiefs
neat iucccm, cunts cuitoxic weakness, lost vigor
THERAPION kss-����
Do not stiff ex
another dar with
Itchinjr, Bleed"
ing, or Protrud.
Dr. Chase's Ointment will relievo you at onco
and as certainly cure you. (SOc. a box; all
dealers, or Edmanson, Bales & Co., Limited,
Toronto. Sample box free if you mention this
paper and enclose 2c. stamp to pay postage.
Mr.  Thome  Not   Very   Much   Con
ccrned About Raising^ the
Al llic annual council meeting of
lhc British National Transport Workers' Federation, held at Swansea,
Will-Thorite, Labor ALP., condemned
the resolution in connection with conscription, intervention in Kussia, release of...eonscicntious objectors, and
raising the blockade, which were placed at the "fag end" of the triple alli-
Rural Credits Movement
Particulars of Working of the System
in Manitoba
Tlic rural credits movement in
Alanitoba is growing steadily both in
volume and usefulness. In 1917'there
was one society in the province,
which, during that year, issued loans
amounting to $16,000. Last ycar
loans 'totalling $215,581-wcrc issued
through ten societies, while, this year
$851,925 has been appropriated for
loans through thirty-six societies.
Fourteen other societies will soon bc
actively operating, and loans ih rough
these will soon bring the total for lhe
year past the million dollar mark.
It is of interest to note that the
largest amount of money borrowed
through these societies for any one
purpose is for thc breaking of new
land. This amounts- this year lo
$233,792, or nearly 25 per cent, of the
total. It is computed lhat litis sum
will provide for the. bringing under
cultivation of 30.0U0 acres of virgin
prairie. Most of this land is In northern Alanitoba, and the 'exports expect lhal in 1920 it may produce. 600,-
000 bushels of wheat. Al an average
price of $1.50 a bushel one crop from
tliis land would pay all the credits
which have been granted this year.
The sum of $137,300 is provided
for the buying of livestock, including
cal tic, horses, sheep and hogs, but
chiefly the first two named. Many
carloads of stockers and breeding
cattle havc been returned to thc
country froni the Winnipeg stockyards through thc instrumentality of
the rural credit societies and are now
In con-
A Square Deal
One Thing Alone Will Bring Back
Normal Conditions
One thing, and one thing alone,
will bring back, not the old so-called
normal conditions, but far better conditions, and that is negotiation and
honest bargaining between labor and
labor employers to. the end of a
square deal for everybody-
Lord knows in this bountiful country of ours there is plenty for everybody, and there is-, contentment for
everybody, if we all behave like civilized beings and get away from thc notion that employees must trample employers or employers trample employees before thc belter days comc
in.���Winnipeg Tribune.
ancc  (miners,  railwaymen  and transport workers)   meeting  in  Southport j grazing on Alanitoba grass
in connection with the co.al crisis. Air.  "tectioii    with   new breaking,    rcpay-
Thomc said that for his part he w,as!nicnl: of money used for this purpose
There Is Only One
Genuine Aspirin
Only  Tablets   Marked   With   "Bayer
Cross" Are Aspirin
Fruit On Prairie
Prairie Provinces Will Soon Blossom
Into Fruit Country
The Prairie Provinces produce a
not inconsiderable yield of fruit,
mostly small fruits, as shown in the
Canada Year Book for 1918, issued by
the Dominion Statistician. For the
three provinces, as slated, the number
of apple trees in bearing was 2,574;
of apple trees not in bearing 10,618.
Other orchard trees bearing numbered
7,210, and non-bearing 3,273. The
orchard acreage is 674, and that of
gardens "32,764. Of strawberries, the
���production was 20,355 quarts; of raspberries, 39,935���quarts; of currants,
31,355 quarts; of gooseberries, 11,609
quarts; of other small fruits, 499
quarts; of apples, 1,899 bushels; and
of other orchard fruits, 1,393 bushels.
Watch Canada
7y; iyrxXiXixronyXyXX'Xrx-ijy-
%  : HARNPsi,B'ucS,y;;T.0/"5,;SiD,Bt ES..ffi-
7;  SVriV''-KrTS%'TRltVEnN'^]B>'Ci'S'^i.
y< :��.-���: ''MtufARVit'oJjfMCNjs.tT.qiy-';.^
.     Ask   your   Dealer   tor
It protects and fives longer' wear {*
your' Harness, Buggy Tops, Saddles,
Fly Nets and Travelling Bags. Put
up in big yellow Tins, Kegs or Barrels^
H your Dealer cannot supply you writ*
us direct.
If You Don't See the "Bayer Cross"
on the Tablets, Refuse Them���
They Are Not Aspirin
at All
Start a Club in your town, where the
young people can
gather. We build
small tables for
homes, and larger ones for pub-
llic rooms. Equip-
[ment free. \Yritt
us at .once for
full  particulars.
Dept"C"    V       SAMUEfc MAY ft CO.
102-104 Adelaide   St.   W.,   Toronto
m,. ��.      , Sh9 l?et3 ahmt SHORTHORN CATTLE ?
����� fcreed f or th* f ��rmer or rancher   Writ* th. Secretary to-d��7 for FREE PUBLICATIONS, and *�����..
your nam* an our frw mailing Ilit. ^
D.F���,_VPp_?'. G.E.Day.Soe.     I
Brook!,,,, Ont.        , GSilph, Ont
Feathers Wanted
Highest prices paid for best grade
new-., goose, duck, chicken and
ttsrkcj' feathers.'
Geo. H. Hees, Son & Co., Ltd.
52 Bay Street, Toronto
- Buy your out ot town supplies with Dominion' JCxpvess Jloney" -.Orders. -..��� Five dol
l;��r3  costs  three.cents.
Operation Under Difficulties
not very much concerned about  ntis
trig Pilosr'Nb I ing the blockade.   He recalled the po-
��� urgical   opep.     ... e ..      ....      ,. ....     .
ation' required.   Sitipn of the Allies this time last ycar,
when thc Germans were sinking every
food ship at sight. The Germans, he
declared, wcrc absolutely responsible
for the present shortage in Great Britain and Germany. The Germans were
quite unconcerned during the submarine campaign about depriving British
women and children of food. Tlicy
were unconcerned about the babies
then, but ngw" they were crying like
big babies because the blockade was
still there.    (Cheers.)
J. Havelock .Wilson, Coalition Labor M.P. for South Shields, condemned "tlic triple alliance leaders for engaging iit ill-directed activities. He
.declared, that capitalists were ' afraid
to develop industry because of the absence of guarantees for the future. It
was thc stunts of Robert Williams &
Co. which created unemployment. He
condemned thc conscription cry. as
"flapdoodle." Thc only people concerned" about conscientious objectors,
hc said, were a handful of men of Bolshevik tendency, and characterized
Lcninc and Trotsky as two damned
rogues and rascals, .not "white an.-
gcls." The vole of censure on the executive of. the Transport Federation
for exceeding ils powers in connection
with thc Southport resolution was, defeated ,b}r a large -majority, but tltc
conference by resolution-carried Ben
Tillet's resolution not permitting-7-thc
executive to commit unions affiliated
with-', the federation "to. strike action
iinless-tlic-imioiis themselves'ballqltcd
for it.  -  .   - -   -���        .'       .    -
is not required until the borrower has
had a return from the investment.
Money borrowed ou notes this spring
can be retained until the fall of 192.0,
the notes being renewed in the fall.'
The same applies -to purchase of
stock, out of which there might be no
cash return for a couple of years, or
even three years.
- The benefits of these societies arc
especially noticeable ' in remote districts, where in ' the past there have
been neither railways, banks nor other
similar conveniences. In these regions the settlers have hii'd no'.credit
facilities, nor any possibility of credit,
and their progress has been correspondingly slow. Through the operation of the societies thcy have obtained a measure of credit, and also
-the benefit of expert advice in connection with  farm  operations.
Vour druggist gladly will give you
the genuine "Bayer- Tablets of Aspirin" because genuine' Aspirin now
is made by Canadians and owned by
a Canadian Company.
There is not a cent's worth of
German interest ih Aspirin, all rights
being purchased, from the U-S. Government.
During the war, acid imitations
were sold as Aspirin in pill boxes and
various other containers. But now
you can get genuine Aspirin, plainly
stamped with the safety "Bayer
Cross,"���Aspirin proved safe by millions for Headache, Toothache, Earache, Rheumatism, Lumbago, Colds,
Neuritis, and Pain generally.
'Handy tin boxes of 12 tables, also
larger "Bayer" packages.
Aspirin is the trade mark, registered in Canada, of Bayer .Manufacture
of Monoaccticacidcster of Salicylic-
A National Policy on the Subj ct ci'
It is rather fashionable lo argue
that, labor troubles iu lhc United
Stales will never assume gi\at proportions. People say that this is lhe
land of opportunity, many working-
men own their homes, Americans supported the war wholeheartedly, our
young men have had military training. All that and ten times more applies to Canada, her men havc been
lhc heroes of the war, her people
have given tinlil tlicy had no more to
give, they arc house-owners. In Canada men have found as promising a
future as anywhere else in the world.
If the United States is lo adopt a-national policy on the subject of labor,
she now has a chance to learn much
at a small expense,-;��� Wc should watch
Canada arid draw our own conclii
si6ns'.���Boston Globe.
Right To Seize
Whiskey  Stills
May Be Extended to Officers Of Alberta Provincial Police
Edmonton, Alberta.���The right to
seize illicit whiskey stills, whicli is af
present vested only in oflicers of thc
federal inland revenue department,
may shortly bc extended to officers of
thc Alberta provincial police. The
Attorney-General recently look this
matter up with the federal authorities,
urging such course, ancl received a
careful hearing, which led him to believe that his suggestion would bc
acted upon. In view of thc increasing
���number of would-be distillers in different parts of the province, the question of dealing with thc situation has
become a live one. As it stands now
police officers arc required to report
all cases to. thc inland revenue department for their action.
Huns Must Pay For Fleet
Oh' the  American  armored  cruiser
.South Dakota recently a  young, sol-
. dicr was found to be. suffering from
acute appendicitis and in such a-condition that immediate operation    was
imperative.. The ship was lighting-in
- the ��� tce.tlr of a gale;  the bridge had
been .smashed, 'several men.   injured,
���and  others  flung biit-of. tlicir :bunks
through the force of the storm.      In
���spite,of.this, however, tlic ship's sttr-
-geon,- aided hy.an.aviator surgeon, dc-
". cided to' make an attempt to operate."
The -machinery .was slopped, aind -the
two surgeons' were lashed to the-"05-
' crating table.   At the.end of 45 min-'
" utcs they- hitd completed    the-ope.ra-
.-'tion.    Tlie  patient-recovered  rapidly,
7-and by the time,lhe, ship .reached its
-_.;de'stinalion---was;p'raclieally    himself
-again:���Baltimore. Sun:' '-.'      .-7.  '-'���
On A Passenger Plane
New Parachute Device Which Has
Been.Invented for British ,7
Passenger Planes -
��� As yo'tt. step .aboard the .big Hand-
ley-E'agc plane- you "ptit a light harness ovcr-your -shoulders,-to which a'
ring 'is'.attache'd,. and-take your seat
with- thc 30-odd. passengers; in, the
travelers' compartment."- Should fire,
or other mishap occur in the air, you
step'to, the  revolving  door  which -is
Construction Notes
Portage la Prairie; Man. ��� The
erection of a laundry building for the
hospital is contemplated by the hospital board.
Regina, Sask.;���The Grey Nuns will
erect a large wing to their hospital
litis summer.-   Estimated cost, $60,000.
Roscdalc, Alta.���Three hundred lots
have - been purchased at Rosedale
from William Robertson, oi' the Calgary Clothing Store/by I. B. Hewer
& Co., a local'real estate-firm. It is
proposed to. build-100. houses on the
holdings at an. approximate, cost of
$2,5001 each. '-���'���":
'Saskatoon, Sask. ������ D. E. Vischer
is erecting a new 'automobile - show-
"- room and service station for the
Saskatchewan Motors/Ltd., on Second avc, .between ' Twentieth and
Nineteenth streets.-. There will "be a
large 'garage in -tlic-back.   -
Saskatoon," ' Sask.���Returned soldiers will -.be asked' to -consider a
scheme to construct a plant for- the
manufacture- .' in the ��� west of agri-.
cultural machinery to'bc" backed by
held-by the fanners, and'the "returned
soldiers to the extetit of one and two-
thirds respectively. -. It is planned-to
raise-one million dollars .among .the
farmers-aiul-lo ask the Dominion go'v-
.criuiicnt to' ':idvance-'$2,od6,O0O to thc
,"���'���'. Big Forest Fires .on-in-Alberta
"77. Calgary, Alta.VBad^fo.i'cst fires 'arc
again1-.."raging" forty "to .fifty -'miles".
' .AouthVast; of Calgary',- in tlic-Shccp.
] Creek valley-. A forest-fire is also rc-,
.��� ported  in-'-tln"  valuable, timber iji;.ihc
Porcupine  Hills,' -77' _*..
thc emergency exit. - A.ii;. ���attendant
deftly-, hooks-, a life-line to"yout" har- j soldiers on..a' plan similar.to- the' land
licss and y'ott'.wal.lc'otit-Von tb .the'air.- settlement .scheme,;' -The���'C.P.R-.-.sfa-.
The. turning bMlic- door ' opens.- the 1 tion..will| probably, be cnlitrgcc' ;at.-'a
case "of  your. paracluitc7o'utsidc;  aiid'post;'Qt7|25,00().' '" ...        . -' ... -.
;is "you drop.'-clear of the machine .the
'life-saver, _ already partly opened -by
breaker, '.stripes,, spreads.' .to its full
width -and -gently wafts, you.-.do'wn" "to
inbiher .earth; . That's .ho\v";tlic..-uciv
parachute 'device'.which, has been' invented -for-- ; British -passenger planes
will-Operate:-,' ' 7    '77 " -. :'"" 7      . ��� ���'-���
Warts arc unsightly blemishes, and
corns are painful growths. Hollo-
way's Corn Cure will  remove them.
Decrease Estimated In
Saskatchewan Acreage
Regina, Sask.���With a total of 14,-
747,000 acres under seed to wheat,
oats, rye and barley in Saskatchewan,
a decrease of, 312,000 acres is shown
in the preliminary estimates issued by
the Dominion bureau of statistics, as
compared with 1918, and received by
the provincial department of agriculture. Thc estimate shows a decrease
of 370,000 acres to 879,000 acics in
wheat; increase of 100,000 acics as la
5,088,000 in oats, and au incicasc of
14,000 to 137,000 in rye. Rain is urg<
enlly needed in all parts of the prov��
Scuttling of Navy in Scapa Flow to
Be Investigated by Council
of Three.
New . York:���The Associated Press
issues the  following:
The sinking of the German-fleet ih
the Scapa Flow by the skeleton'crews
of Germans aboard thcm is to be investigated by order of the Council of
Three, composed of Premier Clemenceau, Premier David Lloyd George,
and. President Wilson. Thc idea of
lhc investigation is lo ascertain if the
armistice terms were violated by thc
Germans. The French minister of
marine,says France will require.complete reparation front Germany.
Paris.���France- has decided to require complete reparation from .Germany for. the sinking of the German
warships at Scapa- Flow. '" Tliis' announcement'was niadc by-M. Lcygiics,
minister.of marine, J.o the naval, committee of "the Chamber of'Deputies:
He declared that thc;act of the Germans affected the'peace treaty.
"Mothers, if your baby or, growing
child is sickly; -if ;hc docs ���' not sleep
well'at night; if he cries a-great deal;
is constipated and- his little bowels
ahd 'stomach..are, not" working right,
give' hiin Baby's Own- Tablets���thcy���
have" proved of great help, to thousands "".ofr mothers.-' "Concerning ;the
Tab_cl'si_Mr's.-.W:. H- Dccater, .Corson's
Siding/ .Oiit.V-.'says:. "I. "haye- 'used.
Baby's Own Tablets and-have-found
ihctn excellent for the little ones, and
would, not -be without theni." ; The
Tablets" are a- niild but -thorough,. !ax-T
ativc- ancK are guaranteed to contain
no ';harhifu_7.dru�����ithat is wli3' ��� thcy
always' dp good and "never -liarm.
They arc sold by. medicine,dealers or
by'-'.mail" "at -25. cents'a box front: Tlie.
Div Williams* 'Medicine'-Co'.:, -BrOek-
villc, Chit.'.'-." ."7' "'   > ''���'.'  "".'���   V   "
Wants to Be Czar
Living in a scantily-furnished room
at Helsingfors:���the gate of Russia���
is the Grand Duke Cyril, waiting for
thc overthrow of Bolshevism, and
hoping for a.return to monarchy. In
that event the Grand Duke would
probably be appointed Czar, for he is
next in line of succession to the
throne.' He narrowly escaped death
at the hands of the Bolshevists. Thc
Grand Duke, who is a sailor by profession, married, in defiance' of thc
Czar's orders, Princess Victoria of
Edinburgh, a sister of the Queen of
Rumania, with*the result lhat he was
stripped of his orders and banished
from Russia.
The Last of Defensive Armor
The heavy and clumsy defensive armor of the middle ages, without which
no knight considered himself ready to.
go into battle, actually went out of
use at thc battle of Waterloo; then
it was that thc.iron-sheathed-curiras-
sicrs:of Napoleon were so effectually
defeated by the soldiers'..of Wellington.' .   . -   -
'r A Safe Pill, for Suffering Women.���
The secluded life of women--.which
permits, of .little healthful exercise, is
a fruitful cause of derangements of
thc stomach and liver and is accountable for- the. pains, and lassitude that
so niauy'of thcm experience;" .-Parinc-
lec's Vegetable Pills will "correct irregularities of-tlic" digestive organs
and restore, health and vigor. .The
most delicate woman can - use thctn
with safety, -because their action,
while effective, is mild and soothing.
-7 .Flying,/ machines"
".castle- clwclh'i's. 7
arc  ..'used.'by .air
.;-"'���- It's, no ���niorc human' to err Ih'an'it
'.is-16 lie about it.
U.S: Has,Two Naval Fleets .7
��� -Washington; District'"of Columbia.
--Orders" milking .effective lhe .proposed division' of.the. I'tiilti'd -States
naval'forces-info two" fleets of \ c"t|ital
strength, .one tp'bc' called the ������.Atlantic
and -the:.other; th^-.l.'ai'itie" (lcel. 'have
i been.issued;by-the .\V.vv7Department.
^Evcry^mgle Uiiii^on WAli-'iias-its |-A'(r,"i^,1-,H.C,V*": ���'��� .^''%'��7 "'''�� rcM"-
usei, and" jt,,is j).'6bably.:just as weil;in:,n(1 tl'?:-Aliaiitic-:tml; Admiral'! luglr
'thai' .we'.do    hot know  :-about.' some'
-'A; Very- ji'tlle' tombstone, may tell.- ii.
very big, story.   '   7, X'X r "    ""'':���   .:
Rodman' the -Pacific, tlect. 'Each, of
the two .'flcclV -.will 'be' composed' of
four divisions'7-of "-.-battleships."- and
dreadnoughts, two divisions of:cruisers, ,"1.8, divisions 'of destroyers, ihrcc-
divisibns of .submarines -'and two divisions of.j'nint'-lavcrs.  "ix        ��� " ���'
.-���'.' Court-Martial, for Fleet's 'Loss '���
: LQi1d9j1_.-r7Adi11ir.al. von- Reuter, ' in
.command of the .'German..fleet.' sciiL-
tlcd and sunk in the.Scapa Flow,;��ill
be.court-mai'tiallcd .for. haying broken
the ' ar.ni,i��tif<*. conditions,, say's lhc
Daily Mail. Thencwspape.r.adds 'that
details of "tin: -trial of. llic* admiral will1'
be, arraii.'ji'd   by  ilie  allied 'council  in
Paris.'' ���  - ���"""���"'-".'.'.: ' ::'"7-.
ILS. Bill foi: Control of-. Meats
Washington.���Bills to put "the meat
business.-under-"federal .'control   were
introduced in the house and senate.
���Following, introduction'of thc bill,
Scatoi' 'Ken'yon said:. '; .- ���_:" ' -
- - - "This "bill "provides "a new" liicllibd
of controlling the 'monopoly iir'incat
products' now exercised by the .packers. "��� It -provides' for-a real regulation
of the most . powerful -.monopoly.' in
this CQuhlry, "one "not only-'controlling
the Miical industry in till its'various,
.rainifica'tios, but'.'one- reaching- out for
"possession .of. -.unrelated ,-- busiu'c'ss;
'Tliqrc is -a -uhiviTsar.dciiiand both" by
������proUiiccrs. aiid.' consumers''1 ha'l'. the
monopoly  .sliaU.bc.- curbed. ���.'., .'���'- -',
Germans Fight Again
Copenhagen.���An Esthonian sfificial
communication announces that after
seven days' truce the Esthonians and
German Baltic Landwehr have resumed hostilities along the entire front
from the Gulf of Riga to Roncnbtirg.
The British mission has failed in its
attempt to arrange an, understanding.
Minard's   Liniment   Co.,   Limited.
Dear Sirs,���This fall I got thrown
on a fence and hurt my chest very
bad, so I could not work'and it hurt
me to breathe. I tried all kinds of
Liniments and thev did ine no good.
One bottle of MINARD'S LINIMENT, warmed on flannels and applied on my breast, cured ine completed.
Rossway, Digby  Co.,  N.S-
Fleet to Use Panama
Ncw York.���A fleet of 8.800-ton
steamers will be operated between
Pacific ports and European ports via
the Panama canal, beginning in July,
it was announced by the shipping
board of thc Emergency Fleet Corporation.
It "Hubs Pain Away.���There is no
liniment so cflicacio",s in overcoming
pain as Dr. -Thomas.'. Eclcctric Oil.
The. hand that rubs it in rubs the pain
away, and on this account there is
no preparation that "stands so high in
public esteem. There is no surer
pain-killer procurable, as thousands
can attest who have used it successfully in treating many ailments.
England and Soviet Power in East
London, England.���A Bolshevist
wireless report that England is sending volunteer detachments to Persia,
owing to her decision to combat thc
Soviet power in the cast, is denied in
British military circles.
Minard's   Liniment Cures   Garget in
Kaiser Too Late In
Starting The War
Bernhardi Apostle'of Militarism Says
That Was Wilhelm's Only Guilt :.
. Berlin'.���General Friedricl). Ar.'J. von
Bernhardi, the military writer, under
the title "Kaiser Wilhelm and Responsibility for the War;" declares lhat
thc former- emperor's- only guilt .was
iu not beginning .the ,w'iir early..-enough, when his opponents were not
equipped, and lakes the -viewpoint in
favor of preventive warfare.
. lie says of the kaiser: "To the last
moment.:he' believed .Russia "wotild
surrender', its initial intentions ' nnd
England, would-not/lake part in '.the
fighting." In-this belief he negotiated
to that'.end; ."atid only, with difficulty
could hc bc induced to "lake tip . thc
gauntIcl-tliat. had bc.cn -^thrown-down
to him.''' 7 .'..'"���""''. "' ' ������" "' "... ',
-.General von:Bc'riihardi admits,'li'ow-
evcr, that certain personalities' itifltt-'
enccd lhc kaiser's assumption of. the
gauntlet.  '. ..' -���.".      :     ..- "������'' '  7.   7 .. '
"Black' Watch*'���The7 Best-..Black,
Plug Chewing Tobacco'on tlie Market
7 Demobilization of -French ���
. Paris.���It. .is -reported flic 'French
tinny demobilization, will be carried
out .with all possible /speed; "and that
the classes of 1907, 1908 and 1909 will,
bc mustered out "the day- alter., thc
treatv is  signed.      ' ,
Minard's  Liniment  Cures. Distemper.
Fish   foi- London  Poor    ^
London.���Thc  Salvation- Army has
received from the Canadian  military
stores.700 tons of frozen fish for distribution among the poor of London.-
'".' Small. Cyclone. At, Empress -
Calgary.���(Ine child killed aiid' several injured is. the toll of a small cyclone' which struck the outskirts of
Empress, according to word ' which
has just reached the city. The cyclone
picked up a caboose in which" were
temporarily residing the entire family.   The caboose, family and all Vo-rc \
i carried sonic distance a war to a" coti- ���
j - i
lee, where the caboose was smashed;
to bits. "The :tivc-y"car-oId' child.of the |
family was killed when a keg of. nails'
fell on his head.-. Others oi thc family were ' injured. 7 Several buildings
on the.outskirts of.thc. town were demolished,., biit" there'were no other
casualties:-.''7 ~V' "' " ���' -���.-. '--
Alleged German Plots -'7
_��� "Weimar, ��� G.crmany.-^lIe:ruianii 'Mueller,  loader  of  the -Majority  Socialists;, -ciihrged'tha't- a certain luiuibcr. of
Nearly '3;000,000-.British . Troops 'De^. Berlin' militarists'were; plbttiifg' to".rc-
���.'-,. 'Xy' ':.." - mobilized _.'7'    ���.'.'. ..-. j   "t store'tlic 1 rbhcnzollcrns.to .the "throne
-   f;.oi.Hlou7_Th(7'\var otlicc .aiinouiicesYcif   Germany".   : His   accusation;'-wa's
thai lj'ctweeii-thc.(latc of .tin", armistice
ancl .lunc-'.'Ui,- 108-6:11   uflic.cVs .atid 2,-
779.707 inch we're ,demobilized 'or dis-
charged ras ni"<'dit'all>, mi lit.10,��� -orvicc;
*l:lic nicn-arc now. *t ream it iir.. away at.
the rate'of -10,000 u ccUlv, .and-if. peace
is  signed- this   number -w ill cfradiiaHy
increase. "-1't.utH  the.'V. be. p'ossible  to j
reduce almost, itnmediaiely. the. Rliiiit; j
army  froin' ten to six divisions,    arid
when there i.--' evidence of,'pAcc being
ctifficd out   effectively'.ii'iis'army can
be  reduced  still   I'u'rtli.ei;.
ma'de'-befcir-e- the niccfing of tlic. K'.a
lional'Asscinbiy. in session. Iicr-c. lie-
said-.-Gcrinauy -. regards.' the"" -former
KaNcr-as'-'an undesirable pe-.so.n -and
:a,s the, author oi the." conn try !s' inany
lui'sfor.iuhes-. .".Wjllj.clui ".-.should be
placed iimicr obs.ervation," he cdiiclu-,
-dc'd.7      "   "       . ' ".   -���'���""���''  -yyX '
-Eottrle.en-. houses -|n ���' Rheims, 7.onc7
tenth, of. 1 pcrlccntof thb. 14;Q00;.are
said, ,to -beX untouched'*'by 'Gcrriia'n
shelIs.;7-BerHn-is1 right7,'in 7claiming
that'the inartyr city Iwas'-.'not--wlfoliy
destrpy.cd';"���ifevv..York World.   ���'..'-
f -Don't think-that bluff/is-'a goocl sub-'
snuite:'fof':an.:e'dticati6n-' -";-.��� ���'
"'- '���;'���-,; 7 Sank:'Bolshe Battleship IX-'Xx.
.;,' Lohdon.7-T.lie Bolsheviki. battleship
Andrei- Pcryosvaiini . is. '.believed'.to.
hav-c :b'cen- sunk by a -British slorpcdo
nea.r-.Kronstadt, ���acc.0rditig"-:to.,.a7.F.ih7
.nish'-naval7 dispatch; qiiptrd.;in. a -Hel-
.singfors cab'l.c'grani7to.':thc.':Dai|y'Ma!i'.'
The-telegram;.adds, .th'a't.-'.the^;B'dlshe-:
yik'i' -b'attlesliip. '"Pctropavlbvsk" 7has
.horktedHhe^w.lift.e.ilas:.:'"'.: ';: -  ''X '���':
[' **"-���' i\���: VV'-':'������'���?".
Stoves arid Ranges
"ARGUS"    -'MBQsaisn'
'< ROYALS       v********s*
Onc.or'ahotherof tl��es iiodrf? .will suit your -'
" taste and fit your purse. Cooking trouble? sure."
7tmfcaowa',vbera Davidson's ranees are used.'. -.,-
���. .Write'us for fortuuters end neme 0/ sfortr '"���,
'"������'   itt'your UieaUty.rzkrreO displaymay be seenXX
Ths Thos.=Davidson Mff. Co, LiraM
Montreal      -   WINNIPEG   :.  Toronto <7>.r
Expect Coal .to Be High
lictroit, Mich,-���Coil-a't $2{l a ton is
a very definite prospect tor const!lifers
[iit this district next winter, is. the'belief'   of Vvholcsalers arid    retailers in
j"close touch -with the -market.. So sc-
ridus is the menace of shortage in
the market of both domestic and
commercial fuel . that .it-has brought
forth action by the ..board of commerce, -whicli body,' at a special meeting, urged every householder and industrial plant to-at once ordcj- their
next.winter's supply.
-W,-7::N..  '-V*>
Want Reparation for Loss of Fleet
Paris.���The budget committee of
the chamber has decided lo send a
delegation to M. Clemenceatt to inquire of the government is in a position to furnish immediately an explanation of the sinking of the German
fleet. These delegates will also ask
what -measures the government expects'1 to take to meet the losses to
France through the destruction of that
.Ktrt-of thc fleet to which France was
Admiral Responsible For Sinking Of
Ships .
7. London. ��� Reuters lcarns'that the
authorities arc communicating with
Paris- regarding action to bc taken
against Admiral Yon Renter, wha
with the officers aiid'me'n of thc German fleet is interned. .It is confirmed
that the- Admiralty has learned that
the scuttling of the fleet was entirely
the work of the German admiral, and
was not carried out as a- result;*pF:-
instructions: from Berlin.-  .
The child df today.is the critic..Pf:
tomorrow, but'; fortunately " parent*7
never realize, the. fact until' - tpiriorv:
row: --." ' ���"���,'      .      ���'���''-    .      ':.:7:'777':
No Wines  or Beer for  U.S.
; ^Yasiiingto'n.���A proposed . ariiend-
.nienl, to tlie- pending prohibition' _.cnr
���torccniciiFJb'ili; giving- the-..president
authority -"t o; repeal ".'the'-jrartimc"'.Ero-
Jtibitio'n.-A'ct, insofar :.as ;it .aft'ects the
saTe;.,qf; light:, wine's -and- beer, -was de--
icc.-s2 XQ'X.xy.Xix X xXx ;'77;- ��� "r7
7'No man, can-truly\est.imate>the ;true
va 1 ue 0f .a iyc.oman or .a' gold!" minc;-biit
-Jhdiisandsrjm-e: gone.-broke, trj-irig'to
find-out." Xy X.Xy-x'"������ X ,-;'   ".'-��� yXXX-'.
Is $?. a year strictly in advance,  or $2.$0
when not paid for three months.   If not
paid for until the end of the year it is $3
Ti is always J2.50 a year to the United
States in advance.
Editor and Financier.
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     7 00
Estray Notices ...3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
C-niiicafe of Improvement  12.50
rhere more than one claim ap-
. .rs ir notice,  $5.00 for each ad-
.i.ional claim,)
-\'!i other legal advertising,  12 cents a
',.- first insertion, and  8 cents a line for
subsequent    insertion,    nonpariel
Fourteen Points in
Shooting a Man
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
thai the editor would be'pleased
to have more money.
Greenwood Central School
June Promotion List
Promoted froni Junior IV to
Entrance. (Names in order of
Mabel Axam, Selma Benson,
Frank Maslonka, John Krouten,
James Cuthbertson, Wendell Swanson, Gari Intilla, JohnEon Beattie,
Emmet  Anderson,   Joe Klinosky.
Honour Bolls.-
Proficiency:    Eoberfe Jenks.
Deportment:    Mabel Axam.
Punctuality and Regularity:
Daisie Axam, Selma Benson, Ivor
B. B. Masterton,
Promotion List.
Junior IV B. to Entrance Class:
Gordon Jenks, Teddy Royce, Russell Eustis, Maurice Parker, Louie
Senior III to Junior IV.:   Stella
Storer, Louise Johnson,  Gabrielle
Legault, Ethel Fraser, Agda Carl-
. sou, George Morrison, Jack Anderson, *Samuel.'Eastie, *Dolly Granberg, .*Sylvia. 'Price.'   Cyril Robin-
:   sob', promoted on year's work.    :.
Junior III to Senior III:.   Lloyd
Lane.   Gertrude : Dixon,    Ernest
" Wyder, Mary  Kerr,  Mildred McLaren,   Jack Bryan,   John Kerr,
Johit    Wyder,     Joseph     Piitzelj
*Phyljis Eales, *William McLeod,
.^Gerard Rudkin. .7
Senior  II to  Junior III:  .Ed-
wina Smith, Allah Fraeer,   Eraine
Duhamel,   Mary   Klinosky,   John
7 McDonell,- . Mary 7PlecaBh,; Ruby
.. Q;jerleve, ^Horace Dahamel,7 Isaac
Piecash, . *Earl  Parker, *Donald
' '-vcVhnsoh, *Myr*ile Dixon..-    '  --7 7
"*. Conditioned in one subject.. 7
./���;. if on our Rolls".'/. '.7-'-." 7 _
. -7 .Proficiency.:. 7'-Estella .Storer/."
'���'; ������ ,v/jportment: - Lloyd. Lane.- ������-"���.
'���': "/Punctuality:    and     Regularity:
���-. Gertrude: ;Di.xoc Xy Gordon. Jenks,-
7Jobn /Ivcrr,    Gabrielle/ Legault^
[ William McLeod, Allan^Fraser/'
A. L, Kerr,
7 -x'-'-yX      ii-"' -"X\... Teacher.
'../ :y ' " /././DIVISION.Ill '.-.-;'-���'��� '���- x.... ���
Promoted from  Receiving Class
t:o.First .Primer: /Lewis. Mitchell,:
. John Plecash,: Mary Skelton.1
i    Promoted,from. First-Primer to
.Second s. Primer: 7 .Irene    Inglis;
7 Helen   Kerr,    -Roberfe    Mitchell,
Harry .Hallstrom,   John   Pritzel,
��� George���=_ Bryan,.-. June   Swanson,
,P?rcy Fraser, Bert.Lane.
-7.-Promoted from Second Primer to
First Reader:   Doris.Dixon, Sfcan-
'��� ley  /Rudkin, ./Nicholas    Plecash,
Leona Hopkins, Clarence Johnson.
Promoted  from  First Reader to
Junior   Second. Beader:      Bessie
Kidder, Jack Jory, Edward Johnson,   William   Wilson,   Lawrence
Duhamel, Lloyd Eustis.
Promoted  from   Junior  Second
Reader to Senior Second  Reader:
Ethel   Benson,    Celia   Hallstrom,
Kathleen    McLeod,    Tillie   . McDonell. "���...���.
Honour Rolls; _. 7.
Bessie   Bidder,    Ethel   Beiison,
Edward Johnson, Jack: Jory-. Percy
Fraser.                 ^       ..- /""; -' -XX"; X
7. XThese rolls will   be presented
when; regular. teacher retarns 7.in
^September.) ��� ''i.'-'.-'yX''"':--' XxXXXi
yiXi'-yxx^'; '��� 7/77." M;-A"./Muer6,/' -:
;i'://'-7,7 7.; ^'-'"Per'Ef;B.-M;
In Texas they shoot you, then
ask yonr name.
In New York they shoot
then take home their wife,
whom you had been dining.
In Chicago they shoot you to
reveal the inadequacy of the police
In Arizona they shoot you to
test their new "shooting irons."
In Kansas City they hold you
up, take your money, and then
shoot you so you won't tell.
At Chateau-Thierry they shoot
then cry "kamerad!"
In Russia they shoot you to convert you to bolshevism.
In Germany they shoot each
other through force of habit.
In Mexico they shoot you to
blame ife on Villa.
In Ireland they shoot you to
demonstrate the value of home
In California they shoot you,
then throw you off a cliff into the
ocean; you are picked up by a submarine, shot through the tube in
an airplane, and must be heme in
twenty minutes to change your
clothes for another scene in the
In South America, in the revolutions they shoot you if you are a
general, if a private, they don't
bother, as there are so few of them.
In Amerongen they let you saw
wood a while before shooting you.
In the United States, in general,
they don't shoot you at all; they
merely tax you to death.���Life.
Easy To Identify
A wild-eyed, disheveled-looking
woman burst into the local police
"My husband has been threatening to drown himself for some
time," she cried hysterically, "and
he's been missing now for two
days. I want you to have the
canal dragged."
"Anything peculiar about him
by which he can be recognized,
supposing we find the body"? inquired the inspector.
The woman hesitated and seemed at a loss for a minute or two,
"Why, yes," she exclaimed at
last; "he's deaf!"
"Throw me down a rope, Pat?"
"There yez are.    Can yez reach
'"Tis  too short entirely.    Pull
it up and throw me down the other
Origin ot* Scandal
��� Said Mrs. A.
To Mrs. J.,
In quite a confidential wa3%
:<It seems to me
That Mrs. B.
Takes too much���something���in her tea."
And Mrs. J.
To Mrs. K,
That night was overheard to say-
She grieved to touch
Upon it much,
But "Mrs, B. took���such and such!"
Then Mrs. K.
��� �� .  Went straight away.      , -
Aud told a friend/the selfsame.day,   ������ -"
"'Tis'sad to think'���" '   ���'.
. Here came a wink���"
"That Mrs. B. was fond of ..drink." ,
" The friend's disgust"
-'Was such, she must'
In forin a lady, "which she nussed,"-"-
'���   -.--   : ' That Mrs, B. ' -   .'   -     -
At half-past three    -   '
Was-".that far gone, she. couldn't see'.". .
This lady we - /
Have mentioned,.she.'.
Gave needlework to Mrs.- B;, "  ���
And at such news 7
.Could.scarcely choose  -
But.further needlework refuse..
. /",    , ; ... Then Mrs. B.,  . -. -   . -~   -
''"',.,''-' "��� '���'��� ��� As you'll agree, "���'." '-.
Quite properly���^she said, said:;she, ���-'   ..
:' 7   "  ' . . "...That she.would tracW.-.-',-'
-^    -''    "The scandal back  ;   -.    . "--"
To. those" who made her look so black.-' -
���/''.;��� ;."/���-!._   ^Tlirough^Irs.k.'7 ,'���'  -    - "
7' 7', '..'"-'  ' And'Mrs.' J. -.--'-. .-   - . - ._'"  -
She.got'at last to Mrs/A.7"    ' .-'.,'-���
"'" -". - - :    - "And-asked .whj", "���--���- 7
-7 .i -'; '��� '"'-.With.cruel lie;. -'-'./ , ��� -
She. painted herso deep a-dye.: - -.- -; ---- .-.-
���������;���_ ��� 7/ /"".'Said Mrs'.-A.,--; -"��� ���./'. -,
.���'" 7- ': ' ��� ' In sore dismay, '; ���' -" . '
"I no such thing .could ever'say:;
'-."-" ���" .- I saidr'that you.-���-;.-..-..-;������--.
\ ' .-,.' ."..'��� :Had stouter grew . -
Ou too much sugary which,you do!'-' ���'.
���"".���'���" ;:-  . 7~Cathpli"c; Times.
7 7 X e w-; -: Mistress
:Hriw' abbafe/the
������ f-'x ��� Courtesy -\;:'V.''.
Xf -"X 'X'.-.- ..   x ���--... :    .' .   ���'    ���_,
There are no three words that
can mean more and- that will get
more . than "PLEASE" and
But they must be uttered with
their full meaning.
As mere words of formal expression, they are meaningless and
It is fehe spirit back of them.
A. good deal is being said aboufe
courtesy just now.
Railroads, . hotels, large stores
and business institutions generally,
where employeee form the only
parfe of contact with fehe patrons,
are circulating preachments . to
these employees.
They suggest meeting the dis-
corteous, unreasonable patron wifeh
courtesy and reason���treatment by
reverse action, as the good carpenter turns the plane.7 the other way
oh the.board ;with;.knots , or cross-
grained wood.7.7 X-i I ']'-y''"X-'X~'
/.-���'.Bnt fehere is ino rale for courtesy.
./The only way/to.be courteous is
feo feelgood to wards, every one././.
7 .Those of. us with the. true spirit
will have no trouble" in expressing
"courtesy.., ,'7      -'-'7    --';.
,  t .. ..      -. 1    ^-*8s?��S?r"���Are you. running on
.7-ZCorah-^Sore,' muni,   ypu/.take j.feiEae;? ; Cori.drictor^-jS'p; sir.. Fare/
ia.r-rl'm willin'.'
4* *i* *&* 4* 4* 4* 4*'i* 4* ���&* 4* 4* 4>
C LOAT is not a periodic-
*^ al. It is a book containing 86 illustrations all
told, and is filled with
sketches and stories of
western life. It tells how
a gambler cashed in after
the flush days of Sandon ;
how it rained in New Denver long after Noah was
dead; how a parson took a
drink at Bear Lake in
early days; how justice
was dealt in Kaslo in 93;
how the saloon man oufe-
prayed fehe women in Kalamazoo, and graphically depicts the roamings of a
western editor among the
tender-feet in the cent belt.
It contains fehe early history
of Nelson and a . romance
of the Silver King mine.
In it are printed three
western poems, and dozens
of articles too numerous
to mention. Send for one
before, it is too late. The
price   is   50   cents,  post-
Dealer in
wo 00
Orders Promptly Filled
F. O. Box 1102      -      Nelson, B.C
BOX 865
Deceased. AND IN THE MATTER of tbe
"Orficlal Administrators' Act."
TAKE NOTICE that by Order of His
Honour John R. Brown, Local Judge of said
Court, made the 10th day of June, A.D. 1919,1
was appointed Administrator to the Estate of
the said Robert Gillian, Deceased, and all parties having claims against 'the said Estate are
hereby required to furnish same, properly verified, to me on or before the 21st day of July,
1919; and all parties indebted to the said Estate
are required to pay the amount of their indebtedness to me forthwith.
Dated at Greenwood, B.C., this 20lh day of
June, 1919.
1    Official Administrator.
Synopsis of      (i
Land Act Amendments
Leading Tailor of the Kootenays.
KASLO      B'O:
paid to any parfe of
world. Address all
ters to
*'���'/?. T. Lowery
4��     GREENWOOD, B. C.
*   "������'
*���* *$* *V* *��**T**T*-'T* *T* V-V ^** "T*
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist,- Box B1108, Nelson,- B. C
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper.
$1 each. Gold-Silver:$r.50.. Silver-Lead
J2.00 Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00. Charges
for other metals, etc., on application.
PHO1NE7 13
Auto and Horse; Stages
Leaver- Greenwood, Twice
Daily to Meet Spokane and
"'='.-;'���'���;'Orovillie Trains ��� ������>.--
. Annual Meeting
The Annual General Meeting of the
Greenwood City Waterworks Co., will be
held at the Company's office at Greenwood on Wednesday, the 23rd day of
July, 1919, at 10:00 o'clock in the morning, for the transaction of the general
busine'ss of the company and the election
of a Board of Directors.
In the Similkameen Land District, Record ine
District of Fairview: and situate East of
and adjoining Lot 1028. :
TAKE NOTICE that I, Charles Graser,
of Boundary Falls in said District, occupation,
Rancher,  intend to aoply   for   permission   to
purchase tlie following described lands:
Commeuciny at a post planted at the
Soiith-East corner of Lot 1028; tlience North 20
chains; tlience East 20 chains; thence South 20
chains; and tlience West 20 chains, and con-
tainiiiir 40 acres more or less, the same 10 b^
utilized for grazing purposes.
Dated at Boundary Falls, B.C., May 30, 1919.
-,i   ..(Diversion and. Use.) '.
TAKE NOTICE that John Portmann and
jesephine Portmann whose address is Greenwood,. B.-.C, .will apply for n, licence to take
atid^ use 2 miner's inches of water out ol a small
un;nanied stream runuiug through Lot 312 S
which (lows southeasterly, and disappears into
the ground South of the South line of said Lot
312.S.   '      -.      . ��� "
The water will he diverted from thestreanr
ata point about 100 feetSouth and ,400 feet East
of the" North-West corner of said Lot-312 S, and
willbe used for irrigation purposes upon the
laud, described - as' Lot 312 S in the Similkameen Division of Yale District^ "
This notice was"posted.on the^ground on
the Utli day of June 1919.
A copv of this notice and an. application pursuant thereto and to the "Water Act, 1914," will
be'filed in the oflice of the Water Recorder at
Gran d- Forks, B.C.  .
Objections to the application "may be filed
with the ,said- Water. Recorder or -with the
Comptroller of Water Rights, "Parliament
���Building, Victoria, B. C, within' tuirtv days
after the first, appearance - of this notice-In a
local newsoaper.      ��� ���     - -
The dale of the first publication of this notice
is'Junel9tl!, 1919.- -       '     ;
"....'  -������-������-��� -JOHN PORTMANN,   ���'
'.'.'-      --.'       "     '-".'' Applicants.
Minimum price of first-class land
reduced to $5 an acre; second-clasa to
$2.60 an acre.
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed lands only.
Records will be granted covering only
land suitable for agricultural purposes
*nd which Is non-timber land.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished,
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with Joint residence, but each making
necessary improvements on respeotlve
claims. ' %
Pre-emptors mu3t occupy claims for
five yenrs nnd make Improvements to
value of $10 per acre, Including cloar-
lng and cultivation of at least 6 acres,
beforo receiving Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor In occupation not
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate Improvements, he may, because of ill-health, or other causo, be
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence may bo Issued, provided applicant makes improvements fo extout of
$300 per annum and records same each
year. Failure to make Improvements
or record.same will operate as forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained in
less than 5 years, and improvements
of $10.00 pcr acre. Including: 5 acres
cleared and cultivated, and residence
of at least 2 years are required.
Pre-emptor holding Crown grant
may record another pre-emption, If he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, pro^
vlded statutory improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land. 9
Unsurveyed areas, not 'exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesitos;
title to be obtained after fulfilling residential and Improvement conditions.
- For grazing and industrial purposes
areas exceeding G40 acres may be
leased by one person or company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber land not exceeding 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions Include
payment of stumpage.
Natural hay meadows Inaccessible
by existing roads may be purchased
conditional upon construction of a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.
1 ACT.
The scope of this Act is-enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving with His Majesty's Forces. The
time within which the heirs or devisees
of a deceased pre-emptor may apply
for title under this Act is extended
from for one year from the>death'of
such person, as formerly, until one
year after th,e conclusion of the present
war. This privilege Is ��� also made retroactive. ���    ,
No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by soldiers on preemptions recorded after June 26, 1918
Taxe3 are remitted for five years.
Provision for return of moneys accrued, due.and been paid since August
4, 1914, on. account of payments, fees
or taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions.
��� Interest on agreements to purchase
.town or city. lots held by members "of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or Indirect, remitted from enlistment to March 31. 1920.
Provision   made   for    issuance   of
Crown grants  to sub-purchasers   of ���
Crown  Lands,  acquiring rights from
purchasers  who. failed    to    complete ���
, purchase,' Involving forfeiture, on fulfillment of conditions of purchase, Interest and taxes.   Where sub-purchasers do not. claim whole of-original parcel, purchase price due and taxes-may .
.be ��� distributed   proportionately   over,
whole   area.      Applications  must-bo
made by May 1, 1920.
7    GRAZING. ���  -
Grailng- Act, 1919," for systematic
"development of livestock Industry provides for grailng districts and range
administration " under Commissioner.
Annual grazing permits Issued based '
on numbers ranged;-priority for estab- '
fished, owners. - Stock-owners may
form Associations for range management. Free, or- partially free, permits
for ��� settlers,- campers or travellers, up
to ten head.
7 You ; can   get" a--.-.bargain in
envelopes at The Ledge office.
Autos for Hire.   The Finest
turnouts in the Boundary.
Light; and[Heavy- Draying
Palace   Liyeiy And ,.Stage
W.   H.   DOCKSTEADER, Ppop7
Chevrolet, Dodge, and Studebakcr Cars;
Also Republic aiid National Trucks ;
Your Cutting Machinery -   Binders   -   Mowers
and Rakes
We handle the McCormick  and  Deering   Line
and will be pleased to order repairs
for all makes of Machines
Get our prices on Barb Wire and  Nails.    .We can
���; save you: money on large 6Fsmall lots.- v    7'
Ship us your hides.   We pay cash and remit promptly.
-:':' '" ""''    ''""���'    ' ix:.
���jnm-.-.jiM./KJJ-JU Mimim-jgri
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
'    of Canada, Limited
Offices'; 'Smelling and Refining Department
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead Ores
Pj-oclucers  of  Gold,   Silver,   Copper,   Bluestone,   Pig Lead and Spelter
MAKE your money work and earn,something.
Sixteen Thrift Stamps are exchangeable for
a $4.00 War Savings Stamp, and for every" War
Savings Stamp you accumulate the Dominion. o��
Canada is pledged to-pay you $5.00 in 1924.
C Invest the interest on your Victory Bonds and
make it work and earn for you.
" (British Columbia Division) u
Vancouver, B. C.
tmuT Stamps
" Au observance.on the. part of telephone users on.'the following suggestions will save not only their time but .will - also assure them better service:
7   -    -    ��� Look into tiie telephone directory and be sure of the number.
...-'   -      Do not call.until you are ready to talk. '._.-"'
",Spcak:plainly aiid'liste't^carefully. .-- - ������
Xiifameeii Bote
���  One'.of the "-largest hotels In '"
;.>:the;city.- Beautiful location,
7-���'.  ; fine rooins"aud lusty meals,'"X ���
X-   '-i-iXX'-iXxx;xx:-x$,.
brie Reason
^4^��^-^^^,^..44,>|,^;,|, '^'^.^^^i0^i0^^0^
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