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The Ledge Jul 31, 1919

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THE  OLDEST   MIKING  CAMP   NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
:v:^-^f.f^A, K*yy$"
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Vol.   XXVI.
GREENWOOD, B. C, THURSDAY, JULY.31, 1919.
o-        ��� ���  _ ... .-���     ...    ��� "        .,_. '  -
Come In And See Our
Large And  Well Assorted Stock Of
X
Carpets,   Furniture,   Pictures,
C rockery j   Etc.   Etc.
Many   kinds of Oil,  Tinware
and  Hardware
T. M. GULLEY& CO.
PHONE 28
X
GREENWOOD, B.C.
AGENT FOR,ii. i-y
Masse y-Harris
FARM IMPLEMENTS
Before buyiug.see me about
BINDERS,   MOWERS,  RAKES.
.   PLOWS, HARROWS, ETC
Motor tractors and complete line
of Farm implements
J. G. MCMYNN
MIDWAY      -      -      B. C.
I Around Home
%
g      Stock Reducing Sale of Teas      I
g Dessia Golden Tips 80c. Uptons Choice Ceylon 8 Oc ||
g Deki Julia 65c >      g
2~ EMPRESS, MALKIN'S BEST, NABOB^ 70c or 21bs for $1.35 3
Cr~"'      * BRAIDS BEST at 65c 3
g BLUE RIBBON 1-211) Dkge 35c. BLUE RIBBON lib pkffe 65c 3
^ BLUE RIBBON 31b tins $185. BLUE RIBBON 5!b tins $3.00 ^
�����    Choice Bulk Tea 60c per lb.      Choice Spider Leg Tea 70c_ -~3
| Phone 46       LEE & BRYAN      |
���~ .   Canada food Board License No, 8-6251 3
X' We Are Now Showing y
Mens Fine Shoes JL
Mens Work Boots        O
Mens Tennis Shoes       JL
Boys Serviceable School y
Shoes ""'"""'" y
Mens Fine Hats and Caps X
��feenwoiod
jr.. r: j. muir   %
1 ALLENBY
Laco Tungsten Lamps
15 to 60 Watt Lamps���50c each,
���     " 100 Watt Lamps���$1,25 each,
I    Pool Room and First-Class
I- Barber Shop     ������   '
�� ���-"��������� . '-. ���������������.:-.,.
| Cigars. Tobaccos. Soft Drinks.
|-Ice-Cream Parlor in Connection
1 Come in Often
NITROGEN
LAMPS
60 Watts
100     "
200   ��
-   <*   *   $1,25 each
o ���-    -    2,00  ��
���   ���   *    3,50 ����
Greenwood City Waterworks Co.
EVERYTHING ELECTRICAL
000000��00<>0000��KKK>000'00000&0<><>00<X>0<><^^
WINDSOR HOTEL
..  GREENWOOD, B. G.
I. BUY AND SELL ANY MINING
OR INDUSTRIAL STOCK' LISTED ON ANY  EXCHANGE.
-I   WILL   BUY   ANY   AMOUNT
OF ANY   ISSUE OF   THE   DOMINION   OF     CANADA   WAR
LOAN
D. ST. DENIS
P. O. Box 1102   ' - -     Nelson, B.G
MATTHEWS   BROS.
GRAND   FORKS
Agents for Chevrolet, Dodge, Hudson,
Chalmers, Cadillac cars, and Republic
truck motors Garage in connection.
The  WINDSOR   HOTEL    is   heated   with   steam
aud electricity.     Fine sample rooms.     A comfort-
-   able home for tourists   and  travellers.   - Touch the
wire   if you   want   rooms reserved. "   The  buffet is -
replete   with   cigars,   cigarettes, cooling beverages,    ,
buttermilk and ice-cream.
<S     - ��� ' ���   ���* ' -5
0O0<KHKKK>O<}OO0<><>0<>0<KK><X>0O00<><><^
Jooooooooooooooooooooooooo oooooooooooooooooooooooooo^
RISK'S HOTfl
Tasty ineals and comfortable rooms.    Meals served atany'ttmo.
Sample rooms for drummers.    Soft drinks, cigars and cigarettes;
; ;,".''. :'"���} ': Pool hall in connection.  ..'-'.. ;  ;
���������:''.,''-';-Y :'"':."    ^ W. D. RUSK,,Proprietor/ Z'ii vv. "I     \
>00000<>000000000000<>000<>��0��000000000^
CORPORATION   OF    THE   CITY   OF
GREENWOOD
WATER NOTICE
_ OwingjLo shortage of_water_ it. will be
necessary to use.every care in sprinkling;
otherwise the sprinkling service will be
cut out entirely.
G. B. TAYLOR,
C.M.C.
iilfELOMENT"
The development of the mineral deposits ";������'���
throughout Canada is of.paramount imports.
ahce tb the country.
"There are/many ways in which this Bank
caiw&ssist ininers.    Gall, upon us and let us
explain what a complete..banking^ service i.,;.
"means to yoii.. X Xy iX;y "���"-.--���"''--        yX'C' '"���
THE CANADIAN BANK
Greenwood' Braridi^^Jfe^jpj^^^^M^^i!|
Diamonds are yaluable. ' But
not when a chap's trying to fill a
club flush,-
We have received another lot of
navy and light colored prints.
G. A. Rendell.
For Sale���One strong letterpress, and a big-, fat dictionary.
Apply .at The Ledge.Office.
<The Windsor Hbtel-CigarStaud
has a fine Hue oi. cigars, cigar!'
ettes, pipes and smokers sundries.
During :the   calendarr year -of.
191S the mines in Phoenix shipped
'443,134 tons' of ore. ; In the future
that camp will mine several more
millions of tons. ',-""      ..-  :
Near; the Copper King, John
Moran is raising a fine crop of
alfalfa'.aud potatoes, He is enthusiastic,about the grazing/ and
agricultural possibilities around
Greenw,ood.' ;' . - - _ ��� ;--' ..'-. y
--- E: A.;Black has.bought a business in. Saskatoon j and will, move
froni Phoenix nest month. Without the plate glass- he sold .his
building in Phoenix to Al Alra-
strotn for- ��300. .   \   .-''���"- ��� - ��� ].'".
.' The death, occurred at the General Hospital, Vancouver, on July
21 of James G. McMynn, late of
Midway,.B.C....He leaves to mourn
his.loss.his'wife,.. Alice ^BlakeV
four sons,1 Ewart,-just returned
from France, Gordon, Douglas
and John, and. three.fdaughters,
May, Winnifred and "Alice, - also
three brothers and one^ sister, W.
G. McMynn, of Victoria,.Dr. Jno.
McMynn, of Kirkcudbright. Scotland and payid- and ,. Mary\ McMynn, qf." Gatehouse, ..Scotland.
The funeral took place'last .Fri
The tax rate is 52 mills in
Greenwood.
At . McElmon's. Wtdthatn
Watches.    Boys Watches.
At Vernon last week new potatoes were sold for $60 a ton.
Faith can remove mountains.
But it costs rea-1 money to move
furniture.
G. A. Rendell has returned
from a few days outing at Light-
diug Peakr-
t, Finlay Fraser, of Hedley, is
one of the best road superintendents in. the province.   -
Mr. and Mrs. Alex Greig, of
the Pacific hotel returned from
Vancouver oii Tuesday.
Dancing every Wednesday evening at Christina Ivake Pavilion.
Refreshments served.
Fresh killed beef -and veal for
sale every Saturday, 20c upwards.
J. Meyer, Government .street.
Premier Oliver, and   the Hon.
J. H.   King, are. attending  the
I'Liberalconvention in Ottawa.
Splendid assortment of English
hand tied flies, also leaders and
lines at Goodeve's, Drug Store.
White canvas ladies oxfords,
white canvas girls slippers and
boys running shoes at Rendell's.
Dan Biner is investigating Penticton, with the view , of moving
the brewery from Phoenix to that
town. .. ,'"
About 25 settlers are strung
along Nicholson creek, and more
coming.: That section is noted
for turkeys.
Live, energetic and enthusiastic"
people can build a busv town
anywhere and under any adyerse
circumstances.
Mrs. G, B. Garrett, and Miss
Ruby Smith," of Grand forks,
were visiting Mrs. Reudell on
-Tuesday.     -  -.
The Sun says, that the people
of Grand Forks who started saving for a rainy day will soon have
a bank roll.
In less than half a mile from
The Ledge office,,-there is oyer a
million dollars worth of gold, silver and copper.
In her garden last Saturday,
Mrs, G. A. Rendell made a misstep, breaking the small bone
close to her right ankle.
L. Portmann returned recently
from taking the waters at Halcyon. He left most of his rheumatism at the Springs.
Robt. Lee is spending his holidays at Lightning' Peak. He is
liable"to "run into a million dollar
mine before he returns.
There will be no meeting of
Prosperity Temple, No.' 12. Pythian Sisters during the month of
August. - By order of theM.E.C.
Bill Toates came over from
Rosebery last week, to fish for
black bass in'Cbristina lakei- He
could not find any in Slocan'lake.
For Sale ��� Raspberries, Red
and Black currants. Delivered
when fresh.picked. . Wm.: J^enks,
phone. Ilii '���".-  .      ;  .- ���' -.:.' -.;- ���
:���' Thereis a brand of tobacco
called 'the tobacco witha heart.'
We don't.want; it.. ;,WeVe heard
too ..much :about -this tobacco
heart..'".'' /"-.,      '.Xi X y'X ""���'.- .'
Thomas Brown,, for manyyears
a merchant in Phoenix, is reported to have; died at Vancouver on
Tuesday. . :. ���-���.;��� /
A;,-man";'..always;. understands
what" a woman, means, = till be
finds out she means., just jwhat
she.said'." Then he gets hopelessly^muddled. ...
In the Forks last.<week, Pete
McCallum and-five other citizens,
were fined $2-30 each for permitting their cows to chew up the
scenery and sidewalks.
,. A "water snake. came .through
the tap of the post office building
oh /Wednesday. yXt is the kind
that is said to grow from horses
tails. .However its best not to
drink water in the dark...",   ' -  *
Boys' and mens' hats and
caps. A good and. varied selection to choose from at G. A.
Rendell's.
"' :We have/just -received another
carload: of.���-'��� fioxir'and.'"feed from
the Oglivie Flour Mills Company.
Now "on; hand of .'full stock .-""of
Royal  Household. Flour,^ wheats
dayat Ross,Bay Cemetery?.  Vk;.'shorts';.chicken;ifeed, etc.' ^G; -A
toria/.";"' yx.x -,=���":'--��� ���; '������-. -.- ixX 'Xi- -Rendell.'.''-;, ���'"      .". '���'���������- x-yx-.r-'y
Rendell.;./
This month New Zealand butter sold for 30 cents a pound in
England. In Ontario this month
at the farmers markets, butter
ranged in price from 25 to 55 cents
a pound, and fresh eggs from 40
to 60 cents a dozen.
tMr. and Mrs. Van Wagenen
and children, accompanied by Mr.
and Mrs. Whitmore, parents of
Mrs. Van Wagenen motored this
week from Princeton to Greenwood.  -
Bert Lane has moved bis family to Grand Forks where he has
bought a meat shop from Joe
Smith. Bert has not yet fully
recovered from the effects of the
auto accident that he sustained
last year.
We heard a lively discussion
the other day on the proper wav
to pronounce "tomatoes." One
held that ��� it was "tomatoes,"
while the other insisted on "tomatoes. For our part we always
pronounce it "tomatoes." What's
your preference?
At Penticton this summer the
Hotel Insola has turned away
hundreds of guests for lack of
rooms. It will probably build 60
more rooms this fall," Better
make it 200 and be ready for the
great future. The hotels ia this
province should not let tourists
sleep on the grass.
The Prince of Wales will go
through Greenwood about the
first of October. Over in Nelson
the tuft hunters are practising
their bows every day, while California Jim "the mayor of the camp
of roses is up early every morning
making a speech and gestures before a large mirror.
The body of Alex Forest, of
Sandon, was found near bis cabin
last week. When tbe snowslide
at Mountain Con last November
killed Billy Bennet, Forest started
for Sandon to get help, but never
reached that town. He probablv
died of exhaustion and injuries
within sight of his cabin,
A conference was held'in Greenwood on Tuesday between H. R.
Van Wagenen, manager of the
Canada Copper Co., and a committee of local men, including
Oscar Lachmund, of Spokane, in
reference lo re-opening the Greenwood smelter. The result of the
meeting was fairly satisfactory to
all concerned.
Jim-Sutherland came in from
Beaverdell last week to get some
halibut, green onions and buttermilk. Jim has been here before,
haviug landed in this mineral
oasis 32 years ago, when he went
up the gulch and staked the Big
Duluth. He would not look at
the Ironsides as the ore was too
low grade for transportation by
burros.
W. D. Rusk has bought Crow-
ell's hotel and contents iu Midway. He has re-opened the dining room, and furnishes excellent
meals at all hours. His poolroom
provides amusement for patrons
of the cue, while the bar is replete with the beverages that refresh without toxicity. Mr. Rusk
is a genial and enterprising landlord, and should build up a, prosperous business.
The following pupils of the
public school in Greenwood passed
entrance examinations to High
School. Harold Mellrud, 694;
Robert Jenks, 669; Charlotte Tanner, 637; R. T. Cuthbertson, 609;
Rod McLeod, 604; May Gibson,
600; Ethel Lane'596; T. William-
son, 5S4; J. C. McLaren, ��66.
Vera Kempston, Bridesville, 607]
Amy Anderson, Kettle Valley,
1593.
Harry Rolston, who was overseas three years, is now plant representative for the B. C. Telephone Co., in Greenwood. John
Gibson has been transferred to
Vancouver, and left last week for
that city with his family. Mr.
and , Mrs. Gibson were highly
esteemed/by.-many friends ia
Greenwood, who wish them success in their new home.
f^^^^^^^is^^^^ia^
Western Float j
About 70 per cent of the potatoe
crop in B. O. is raised by Chinks.
Daring the past eleven years B.
O. expended $30,000,000 on roads.
Louis Williams died in New
Westminster this month, aged 74
years.       ..
A Chinese merchant by the name
of Old Jim died in Enderby this
month.
Dave Murphy is still in Silverton
aceless.. bat rich, happy and harmonious. ���
Sam Sbaw bas returned from
France, and will work for the O.P.
R. at Golden.
The Bank of Hamilton has opened a branch in Trail, making three
banks in that city.
Mount Logan in the Yukon is
the highest mountain in Canada.
It is 19,539 feet high.
British Columbia sent 40,000
soldiers overseas. They sustained
more than 20,000 casualties.
The Ward ranch at Douglas lake
is grazing 10,000 cattle. It is the
largest cattle ranch in B. C.
Chas Myers was killed in Kamloops by the falling of a hay derrick.
He had lived 49 years in B. C.
Scotty Mitchell has enlarged his
hotel at Bear Lake, in order to
take care of the increasing number
of tourists.
After hitting the drill for nearly 40
years, Evan Lewis will soon leave
Kaslo to make his permanent home
in England.
When the Douks want a bath
they go to Ainsworth where nature
heats the water, and towels can be
made from weeds.
All the tourists hotels in B. C.
need to be enlarged. They could
not take care of hundreds of tourists this summer.
Kelowna needs more rooming
and boarding houses. They are
too slow in tbat town to keep np
with their opportunities.
Charles Hay ward died in Victoria this month. He had been in
B.C. since 1862, and had been
mayor of Victoria three times.
This year 100,000 pounds of
graded wool will be shipped from
Kamloops. This is a little more
than the entire province shipped
last year.
There i3 a good deal of hot air
about the cost of raising eggs. In
some parts of B.C. eggs can be produced at a cost of less than 20 cents
a dozen.
J. E. Randall has sold his feed,
fuel and lumber business in Trail
to the Donkhobors. The Doaks
have not yet made an offer for the
Trail smelter.
B.C. does not produce one-third
of the eggs that are used in this
province. No wonder that there
is something the matter witb British Oolambia._     -
In the near future, motor cars
will probably have to pay a tax for
the upkeep of the roads. Those
who ride should pay. Good roads
save money for the autos.
Tbe value of all agriculture productions in B. C. last year, including cattle etc., was a little over
$49,000,000, abont eight millions
more than the value of the mineral
production.
Lake Superior is the largest
fresh water lake in the world. It
has 31,800 eqaare miles of clear
cold water, just right for making
ice in the winter,, bnt a glorious
place to sail on in the summer.
, Fred Starkey says that when he
went to school he used to take the
teacher an apple every morning
and she wonld kiss him. . He says
he never will forget the day he
brought her a watermelon*
The Dominion government does
not intend during the current year,
to erect any public buildings in the
smaller towns and cities of Canada.
Still the current estimates show an
expenditure for a building at Kamloops.
Jack Allen has sold the Qaefin's
hotel in Ka3lo to Tom Manning of
Bassano. Jack bai moved to his
beautiful ranch on tbe bill where
he will play poker with the chickens, trim the cherry trees/ and set
up drinkB for the cows. Jack's
merry laugh will still be heard in
Kaslo when he comes from the hill
to get his mail.
Armstrong is the premier garden
spot of B. C., bat it looks a good
deal like a village in China, . The
owners of the land at that bore are
evidently too lazy to tllf their own
soil, so they rent it to Chinamen
who make all kinds of money because the white man is indefferent
to his opportunities. Last year
the Chink3 of Armstrong sent $90,-
000 to China, and still people continue to ask The Ledge, "Wha* is
the matter wiih British Colombia?"
Mining News
The demand for nickel is on the
increase.
The Greenwood smelter employs
three watchmen.
Many men are looking for plat-
inum at Granite Creek.
Abont 200 men are working in
the coal mines at Merritt.
Mnrdock Mcintyre owns several
good claims at Mammette lake.
The bed of Boulder Creek near
Fort Steele, is being dredged for
gold.
A manganese mine on Vancouver
Island is shipping 400 tons a
month.
��� An Ainsworth syndicate iB working the Fourth of July at Coffee
Creek.
Many prospectors this summer
have gone into the Big Bend, above
Revelstoke.
Last year the Horn Silver near
Keremeos, shipped 19 car loads to
the Granby smelter.
Last year the Big Copper, near
Greenwood, shipped 400 tons, and
the Aftermath, 83 tons.
In the Nelson Mining Division
last year 277 claims were located,
and 551 miner's certificates issued.!
For the first three months of this
year, the province of Ontario produced metals valued at 810,182,
000.
Last year in the Grand Forks
mining Division, 103 quartz claims
were located, and 149 miner's certificates issned.
Dnring 1918, 115 quartz locations were made in the Greenwood
mining Division, and 202 miner's
certificates'were issued.
The Granby has 32 ovens making
coke at Anyox. Coal tar is^being
shipped to Vancouver, where it is
being made into pitch and creosote
Cunningham's concentrator at
Alamo, in the Slocan, has a capacity of 150 tons -in 24 hours. A
225 horse power ^P��?*on^ wheel
drives the entire plant.
An oil fuel smelter is to be bnilt
at San Diego, California, to smelt
iron ore from Mexico. Later the
company proposes to also smelt
lead, copper and maganese ores.
Camp McKinney will come back
when the power line begins shooting juice through that old camp.
The Consolidated owns many properties in MeKinney, and sank '
many hollow shafts and open cats
last year.
The gold production of the Bri-
ti8h-Empire"was"iri"189"6,"the fateslT"
year in which complete figures are
available, 14,229,844 ounces, or 64
per cent of the world's total. The
Dominion comes fifth as a gold pro.
dacing conntry. Australia is
%ird.
When cheap transportation can '
be provided the Ynkon will be able
to supply the world with tripolite.
Trfpolite is used extensively in the
man nfactnre of dynamite, porce-
lain, bricks, glass, tooth powder,
and many other articles. It is val-
uable for a filled in rubber material
and can be used for most purposes
to which Fuller's earth is applied.
It is indestructible by fire, is bine
and white in color, absorbs five
times its own weight, and is vain-
able as a glaze for fire brick.
An exploration company haB applied to the British Columbia government for a concession of oil
rights on 3.000 square miles in the
Peace River territory in consideration of a royalty- of one-eighth of
the oil produced. Before acceding
to this request, which was made on
behalf of parties with whom the
British government is associated,
the provincial government will
make an investigation into the oil
possibilities of the territory in
question, and 850,000 was voted
for that purpose. At the last ges-
sion of the legislature power was
taken not only to investigate industrial possibilities bnt to make
advances, nnder proper restrictions
to parties who purpose exploiting
them.
George Primrose,   the famous
minstrel, died ia San Diego 22nd
aged 66 years.   He was bora in
London, Ontario* and nad been
Ion the stage 51 years.
XlyX
'iim\
���Hf.-^i THE    Ledcte     ftRJiuiNWonn     ^     n
Canada's Time Of Testing
Canadians havc joyously and enthusiastically celebrated the signing
of the Peace treaty. Canada's .unprecedented army of some hundreds
of thousands of men is all but completely demobilized, and thc vast majority of thc soldiers arc again at
work in civilian occupations. One by
one, all the war time ordcrs-in-coun-
cil. regulations and prohibitions arc
passing away, and the Dominio" is
again rapidly being placed on a Peace
basis. The ucutencss of the sorrows
caused by the war is being assuaged
by that greatest of all healers, timc,
and thc feelings of racial bitterness
and even hatred which" arc aroused
by war arc fading.
Thc titanic struggle is already a
matter of history, but while memory
lasts people will remember the horrors and stress of the past five terrible years, and all future gen'cr;-..sons
will be more or less affected by the
experience through which mankind
was called upon to pass. But while
remembering these things, it is well
that as a people wc should keep even
more vividly in our memories the recollection of thc heights of loyal devotion to country to which people attained, the self-sacrifices they so freely and gladly made, thc patriotic services the3r so splendidly rendered.
During the war thc people of Canada
rose to undreamed of heights of
greatness and achieved a national
splendor of which any people might
well be proud. In a word, Canada
found, its soul���something which in
thc more materialistic days of old
this country seemed to lack.
In the past five trying years Canadians achieved confidence in themselves; thcy learned to do by doing.
Thcy discovered latent native ability
and organizing capacity to do big
things and do them well. In thc
���stress and tumult of war they learned many lessons, not least of which
was the discovery that for well-nigh
fifty years the Canadian people had
busied themselves, and quarrelled,
and divided, over many petty matters
and ideas and animosities of a long
dead pasl. Canadians called their
Dominion a. nation, but it was not,
and never could be while its people
lacked national vision, a national out-
7oot<Trand truly "national aspirations.
Thc country was without a rcal inspiration. Thc war !ul> supplied \\h:.t
Canada formerly lacked, and,.,lacking
it, was weak and almost impotent in
the world.
Are ��� the Canadian people, who
proved themselves so big and i..astcr-
ful in war. going to remain so .in
peace? Is this Dominion which has
risen to a proud place among thc nations going to retain that place,' an 1,
in thc military language of the dai,
consolidate its position: ��� arc wc
going to slip back into "the old narrow-mindedness, which was Canada's
greatest handicap in the, past.'
During " thc war Canadians wcrc
patriots: Evcry man and woman was
ready and proud to renilei national
.service,___Criticism . was stilled, evci'.
though it might be fully justified.
The chronic fauU-findcr found himself decidcdly'unpopular. Our people
pulled together for the common good
and thc triumph of thc common
cause, instead of pulling against one
another! Thc danger is that ih the
relaxation from war effort, and in the
pleasant and less crucial days of
peace, wc fall back into old habits.
Is it too much" to hope and expect
that the newer and,bettcr...patri.otism
born of war will remain with us to
flourish and develop throughout the
gladsome days of peace?
Canadian patriotism stood tlie test
"of war, but thc rcal test of the patriotism, of the people of this Do-
.minion - will comc in thc ycars of
peace lipon which wc havc now cn-
- tcrcd. T\ will be a sterner test, lacking, as it will; the incentive of a great
struggle to win, n. glorious' victory ^ to
achieve, ���_ It will call for infinite pa-
, tience and hard work. Yet, after all,
the prize, to,.be   Avon is    something
finer, better, more lasting than ,> thc
prize  of victorious  war.
The winning of the war, to which
the people of Canada were willing to
bend all their energies, and in thc
accomplishment of which no sacrifice
was too great ., service toi arduous, guaranteed to us and our children their independence and liberties
and "the blessings of Christian civilization.
But thc possession of these priceless things will be of little value to
us unless wc usc thcm as wc ought.
Rather will their possession prove
our own condemnation if wc do not
worthily employ them to make Canada truly great and a benefactor among the nations. Wc enjoy independence to develop our country for
weal or for woe, to create and firmly
establish a nation renowned for reform and advancement, for thc elimination of social ills, for thc splendor
of its education; wc enjoy the widest
liberty to do good, not license to do
evil.
With the dawning of this new era
of Peace, Canadians should practice
self-control and continued self-denial.
They should find the same gratification in rendering service to thc nation
now as in thc days of war. Thcy
should be patient and earnest in instituting'reforms, but impatient witli
all wrongs. In a word, Canada needs,
and needs badly, thc war spirit of
the country and its people carried
into all thc activities of the years of
peace.
Do not allow worms to sap the vitality of your children. If not attended to, worms may work irreparable harm to the constitution of the
infant. The little sufferers cannot
voice their ailment, but there are
many signs by-which, mothers are
made aware that a dose of Miller's
Worm Powder is necessary. These
powders act quickly and will expel
worms from the system without any
inconvenience to the child.
Storms And Dirigibles
A Thunderstorm May Be Too Quick
For a Dirigible
"Thunderstorms in airships should
always bc avoided if possible," says
Lieut. Commander Zachary Lans-
downc in his story of thc voyage of
R-34-across the Atlantic. But apparently a thunderstorm may be loo
quick for a dirigible. Passing down
Fundy Bay "atmospherics became
very bad," General E. M. Maitland
records in his' log, "and a severe
thunderstorm was seen over Canadian const moving south," Major
Scott put his helm up, so to speak,
with the design of fleeing from thc
black wrath to come, in which, however, he was not quite successful. The
fringe of the storm caught the R-34
in its embrace. "We had a very bad
time," says General Maitland; "indeed, it is quite the worst experience
from a weather point of view that
any of us have jet experienced in
thc air." What might have happened
if thc vortex of the storm had whirled the airship about and the jagged
lightnings had struck at her it sends
a chill down the spine to think of.
Of what use would thc flying clothes j French Bill Would
British Aeroplanes To
Try Pacific Ocean
Will Start as Early as Arrangements
Can Be Perfected
San Diego, California.���Capt. William McDonald, of Melbourne, Australia, authorizes the statement that
several British aeroplanes will start
across the Pacific Ocean on Aug. IS
or as early thereafter as arrangements can be perfected. Thc take-off
will be from this city, the destination
Australia. The captain, who was in
the Canadian air service, will pilot
one of the machines. Stops will be
made at Honolulu, at a British island
near Guam, ar.d at Nagasaki.
THE CAUSE OF BACKACHE
Only in Rare Cases Does Backache
Mean Kidney Trouble
Every muscle in the body^ eeds
constantly a supply of rich, rcd'blood
in proportion to the work it docs.
The muscles of the back are under a
heavy strain and have but little rest.
When the blood is thin thcy lack
nourishment, and the result is a sensation of pain in those muscles. Some
People think pain in thc back means
kidney trouble, but the best medical
authorities agree that backache seldom or never has anything to do with
the kid " '
Australian Premier
Is Assaulted
Extraordinary Outbreak Among Returned  Soldiers With
Grievances
Melbourne.���As the outcome of a
stormy interview between H. S. W.
Lawson, Premier of Victoria, and a
deputation of soldiers in the Premier's office, the Premier was struck
on the head and cut by an inkwell,
thrown by one of the soldiers. The
men then proceeded to pitch the
office furniture into the streets and
tore up important official documents.
The police dispersed thc rioters and
arrested five of thcm. Later a crowd
attempted to rush the watch house
near by and stoned the police, but
was dispersed with several casual .ics.
Thc difficulty had its origin when
a crowd, including returned soldiers
and sailors attempted to rush a military barracks. Shots were fired and
a passing soldier was killed. There
wcrc several arrests made, and afterwards excited meetings of soldiers
were held, at which the police methods   were   denounced.
Representatives of thc soldiers
went to Premier Lawson's office and
demanded release of the men arrest-
,. ,-,nn���,rc     n.^,."-    i.:,i        a'       ��� i Qd-    The Premier promised  to make
e Moneys.    Organic kidney disease! .      . ������ .
may    have progressed    to    a critical |an   encuJiry  "ito   thc  affair,  but  this
'did not satisfy the men, and the inkwell throwing and other disorders
followed.
point without developing a pain in
the back. This being the case, pain
in the back should always lead the
sufferer to look to the condition of
his blood.    It will bc found in most
?5"s ^h?' thc, "s? of ?r-w?n,iam.?; i British Columbia's
Pink Pills to build up the blood will1
stop thc sensation of pain in tlic ill-
nourished muscles of tlie back.
How
much better it is to try Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills for the blood than to give
way to unreasonable alarm about
your kidneys. If you suspect your
kidneys, any doctor can make tests
in ten minutes that will set your fears
at rest, or tell you the worst. But
in any event to be perfectly healthy
you must keep the blood in good condition, and for this purpose no other
medicine can equal Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills.
You can get these pills through
any dealer in medicine, or by mail at
50 cents a box, or six boxes for $2.50
from Thc Dr. Williams' Medicine
Co., Brockviile,  Ont.
British Farmers'
Gift To France
Have Sent Consignment of Livestock
to Peasants
British ( farmers have just sent
through the medium of the agricultural relief committee an important
consignment of livestock to peasants
returning to their farms in France in
the neighborhood of the battle zone.
The gift comprises 37 pedigreed
dairy 'Shorthorn bulls, 2."> heifers
and 1,000 head of poultry, which are
to  jc  distn-   in   the  department
of the Soinmc. Further consignments
of cattle are about to be made to
France, and later on it is intended to
send sheep ancl pigs of suitable English breeds.
OiNProspects
To Make
Russian Prisoners
In  Germany
Allies, Who Are Feeding Them, Find
Them Burdensome Problem
on Their Hands
Paris.���The   supreme   council   have
discussed   the   disposition   of  240,000
Food Prices Will Be
\ Higher In Britain
Public   Told   It   Cannot    Afford_to
Squander Wealth as It Is
Now Doing
London.���Prophecy  that  the  price
of food.next winter will "climb to a
level, never dreamed of" was littered
Russian  prisoners  of war  who    are j i>y sir Auckland Gcddes,'the British
still  in  Germany.       These  prisoners
were held by Germany at. the request
of tne allies after the armistice, and
havc been fed at the expense of the
entente allies.
As many of them were badly infected with Bolshevism, Poland arid
other countries through which they
would go on their way back to -Russia have objected to giving them
passage for fear of Bolshevik propaganda. Moreover, it is held, thcy
would be either forced into the Bolshevik army or killed if they went
home. The expense of maintaining
them in Germany, however, is becoming burdensome. The council was unable to reach a decision without further information concerning the military phase of thc situation, and referred the question to its . military
advisers for a report.
Japan's Greater Navy
Tokio.���The naval department has
drawn up a three years' building program, according to the newspaper
Nichi Nichi. The new constitution
includes two battle cruisers, each of
40,000 tons, and numerous smaller
craft.
Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.
The End
Hc: "So you arc giving me back
my ring, my letters and.all the presents that I ever gave to vou?"
Shc: "Yes."
Hc: "Then I suppose I must do
likewise. If you will wait a moment
I'll return the silk suspenders you
gave me for Christmas."
Prohibition to Stand in U.S.
Washington.���With all evidence
from both sides in, little hope was
held out that thc senate would modify thc strict provisions of the house
prohibition bill.
Some men do the right thing because they arc afraid of being caught
if thcy do otherwise.
BLED TO DEATH
' Tried to trim a wart with a razor
and severed an artery. : The only
wart cure is "Putnam's," which removes warts, corns, callouses in one
day. - Insist on" getting-- Putnam's
Corn and Wart Extractor, it's thc
best ,25c at all dealers.     '
Examination of Alberta's
Possibilities
Edmonton, Alta.���Prof. J. C. Gwil-
lim, of the mining-engineering department''of- the Queen's University,
Kingston, has undertaken to make for
the British Columbia government a
survey of the western Peace River
district at the headwaters of the
Peace River, and with a party has
gone  north  for this  purpose. '    The
particular object of the survey is to! [_F|V10N JUICE  IS
ascertain the oil possibilities of: that
region. There is a belief among geologists and prospectors that .the
country lias petroleum as well as the
Alberta section, and Professor Gwil-
lim's work will be to investigate thc
lay of the land and make a report to
the coast government. The professor had undertaken this survey before
being requested by thc Alberta government to make an examination of
Alberta's iron possibilities.
For the purpose of furnishing: a
complete geological map of the country through which the Smoky and
Little Smoky rivers flow, Prof. F, H.
McLaren, of thc Canadian geological
survey, has gone north with a party
of four men, to carry to a conclusion
the work commenced last summer.
with    the    parachute    harness
been?���Ncw York Times.
have
Minard's    Liniment    Cures    Garget
in Cows.-
Plenty of Daylight.
Sixteen and a half hours-between
sunrise and sunset at this time of
year in Edmonton." Not only soj'but
after.jthe. s��n actually,goes below,, the
horizon its descent is so gradual that
what is practically daylight is extended at least an hour in the morning
and another in. tlie. evening;-making
over 18 hours''of actual" daylight out
of 24. During the nights of clear sky
here thc reflection of the sun- shows
above the .northern horizon even" at
midnight, ,' aiid day, begins, to break
about 2 o'clock in the morning. Tlie
trouble in this latitude is nof how to
get enough hours in which to -work',
or play, but how to get enough in
.which to sleep.-���Edmonton. Bulletin.
Opportunities In
The Sheep Business
Western Canada Offers Ideal Conditions for Sheep Raisers
There never was a better chance
for thc development of the sheep industry than there is in Western Canada today. Mutton and wool arc
both in great demand and will continue so while the livestock shortage
in Europe prevails. This shortage is
not likely to be relieved for many
ycars. In thc meantime the farmer
with a few sheep will bc able to make
good profits, which, if he is a beginner, will go a long way towards
helping him to get firmly established. Farmers who have followed
sheep-raising in many lands before
settling in Western Canada claim
they know_of~no~c~6untfyAvhere sheep
thrive so well as here.
FRECKLE REMOVER
Girls!    Make   This    Cheap    Beauty
Lotion to Clear and Whiten
Your Skin
Squeeze the juice of two lemons
into a bottle containing three ounces
of orchard white, shake well, and you
have a quarter pint of the best freckle
and tan lotion, and complexion beautifier, at very, very small cost.
Your grocer has tlie lemons and
any drug store or toilet counter will
supply three ounces of orchard white
for a few cents. Massage this sweetly
fragrant lotion into the face, neck;
arms and hands each day and see how
freckles and blemishes disappear, and
how clear, soft and white the skin becomes-    Yes!    It is harmless.
Official Note Issued
minister of reconstruction, in an address at Crewe recently.
��� A member of the audience shouted
"More wages.'.' Sir Auckland replied
that there would be no money to pay
wages because it would have to go
overseas to pay for food.
The minister warned the public
that It was squandering its money
in a colossal way on things that did
not matter.
"You cannot live like millionaires,"
he said, "if you are as poor as a
church mouse. This nation is now
poor. It is living as if it were
wealthy.'?
General Smuts Talks
On European Troubles
Strongly Urges Leaving Russia to
Settle Her Own Affairs
London.���Lieut.-Gcn. Smuts, of tlic
Union of South Africa, and member
of the. British Peace delegation, in a
farewell message, advocates appeasement and reconciliation with' Germany and encouragement of the "present moderate Republican administration in Germany, which is success-
fuly fighting the European battle
against anarchy."
General7 Smuts strongly urges leaving Russia to settle her own affairs,
on the ground "that a sobered soviet system may be better than - barbarism, to which the present policy
seems inevitably to be tending," and
declares that British ' statesmen
should apply the same medicine to
Ireland that thcy applied to Bohemia.
Help Shopkeepin^
Whose   Businesses   Have   Been "" Destroyed By Reason of
War
Paris,    France.���Mr.    Eticnnc Clc-
mcntcl, minister of commerce, has in- .,   ��� -
.     i ���,. i ���    .!,��� r-'i -,~.t        r r,      .���    'sns:. said  Germany must  never  for-
troduccd m the Chamber of Deputies; .   . ,,      ,. ,
1 get that a world policy such as was
engineered   before   the   war  has   be-
No War Of Revenge
Bernstorff Says That Huns Are Now
Thoroughly Tamed
Berlin. ��� Count    Von    Bernstorff,
speaking at a Democratic party meet-
���builder of braiK
and brawn. Mighty
good also for wbi
men and children;
���I"-'
Hade of wheat and barley
a "bill providing for the opening of
crcdit,,for,,l.pp_QgO,pOO iran.es, in favor
of the small shopkeepers, manufacturers and workmen whose businesses have been . destroyed, or who
have" -been placed out - of work by
reason of .war." ���   - ' .-,' ���
Mr. Clemcntcl, jn introducing the
bill,.said that'artisans and small shopkeepers were in a more difficult position than-any other.demobilized class.
The means, 'of- livelihood lias disappeared as-Vi;cll_.;as custom. Thc chamber'; had already -voted 12,000,000
francs ' to%yard- a people's bank. A
great, effort was .being made by the
chambers of commerce prefects to
meet thc-necd of the personnel, and
already - -'seven people's banks wcrc
established and 38 were being organized.      ;-.'���".
. The bill -provided', that each cover
12 years if necessary," and amount to
25,000'. franc's/ It.was adopted by'the
chamber.'' - ' ��� _
English Education
The- excellence of English education has "always been this���that it
taught men "how to . get on ,witb
other men," but not.so that they
might get the better, of other men.
If once that became the aim, the secret of getting on, the secret of fellowship, would be lost The English
morality, in so far as it has a peculiar
excellence���its sense of honor, of loyalty, of essential good maun ers ��� is
always a morality of fellowship desired for its own sake.
W,      'N.      U.      1274
comc impossible.
"Whoever lives in Germany," hc
said, "knows that- wc neither want
nor can wc conduct a war of revenge."
Count Von BcrnstorfT asserted that
while the League of Nations was regarded in Germany as a holy alliance
aimed at Germany, and that without
Germany, Austria and Russia it
would be a mere fiasco, it will resume its real function when Germany enters it, of combining all the
people's energies.
Authorizing Resumption of Commercial Relations Between France
and Germany
Paris, France.���The French official
note authorizing thc resumption of
commercial relations between France
and Germany was issued here, to bc
effective at once. The note prescribes
regulations and provides for the issuance of permits on certain classes
of merchandise.
The regulations require that permits be obtained for the exportation
to Germany of any merchandise on
the prohibited list No merchandise
originating in or coming from-Germany may be imported into France
without a special permit from the
Minister of Finance and the minister
of that department-of the government
particularly interested in the product.
- Thc~German- "delegation"" at-VerT
[saillcs was informed in a letter from
tbe peace conference that the ratification of the treaty by Germany had
been accepted and lhat the raising of
the blockade was about to take place.
Thc Inter-allied Supreme Council
met to discuss the blockade question.
So far as the action of the council
concerns France, the measure will be
effective only after publication in tbe
Journal Officiel of "a decree annulling
the preceding decrees regarding the
blockade.
Pigeon Races
Winging through the air at an average speed of nearly 45 miles an
hour, sixty racing pigeons flew '-om
Scott, Saskatchewan, to-Edmonton,
a distance of 225 miles, recently. The
race was one of the weekly scries
put on by members of the Edmonton
Homing Association. Out of the 60
birds released at Scott at nine in
the morning, seven had reached Edmonton, within a few minutes of each
other, about half-past two o'clock in
the afternoon. The first pigeon to
reach its home loft was one owned by
William Ruff. .   '
Britain's Victory Loan Closed."
London, Eng.���The victory loan
has closed, every effort being made
at the eleventh tour to make the loan
a record one. The amount subscribed is not yet known, but. Manchester
is first with ��25,000,000 in competition for the King's flag awarded to
the town with largest subscription.
Thc ease with which corns' and
warts can be removed by Holloway's
Corn Cure is the strongest recommendation.    It seldom fails.    '
Jutland Souvenir
A souvenir of Jutland is a mass of
steel three feet in diameter on board
H.M.S. Ncw Zealand. It shows an
indentation and is marked "31, 5, 16."
Tin? metal is a relic of the only hit
scored by the enemy on thc Ncw
Zealand during the war, although thc
vessel was engaged in thc battle ofj
Heligoland Bight, the Dogger Bank
and. Jutland. The ship's complement
suffered no casualties at,all. Thc metal referred to was part* of the aftcr
spent German shell which landed
upon the top of the turret
Strike Detains Liners at Liverpool
Liverpool.���Virtually all the liners
due to sail from Liverpool were unable to leave their docks because of
a strike of the dock gatcmen in sympathy with thc men engaged in thc
dredges, who arc out. By the end
0.f the week it is feared that the 30,-
000 dockers in Liverpool will join thc
strike.
A fervent, but unlettered preacher
among the mountain "whites of the
Carolinas was exhorting his flock to
come forward and take advantage of
thc "means of grace." "It air pride
that's keeping you scttin' in yore
seats," he cried, "come to the altar
and get down on your benders, and
if they air too stiff with pride, ile
'em, ile 'em, as it says in the Scrip-
tur', with the ile of Patmos."
At night smear redness and roughness
with Cuticura Ointment. Wash off in five;
minutes with Cuticura Soap and hot water
and continue bathing a few momenta."
Treatment for dandruff and irritation:
On retiring rub Cuticura Ointment:into
partings all over ecalp. The next morning
shampoo witli Cuticura; Soap and hot
water.  Repeat in two weeks if needed.
Cotlcnrs Soap SBo.,Ointment 25andEte..T��l-
emu 25c. plui Cantdlu duties. Sold avarywhm*.
Forumple nch fnoeddrasa: "OnUea��,I>��pt.
QUEEN'S
UNIVERSITY
KINGSTON,
- .Oxxuuo
ARTS
Part ef the Arts course may be covered by.
correspondence.
MEDICINE EDUCATION
APPLIBD SCIENCE
Mining. Chemical, Civil,
Maohanioal' aad  Electrical
Engineering
ttMtlEll SCHOOL      MVIMTIM SCHOOL
July and August. December to April
fc0        GEO. Y. CHOWN,'Registrar.
"Wool's Pkospioiiae;
Th* Great  English  Iitmedy.
Tonoi and invigorates tho whole
nervouv system, makes new Blood
*�����.....    ��    in  oId Veins,   Cure* Nervoua
Debility, Mental and Brain Worry, Despot*.
j    , ,�� ��� .  ..   lm^ft
dencp. Loss of Energy, Palpitation of the
Start, Failing Memory. Price $1 per box, bis
f or t5.    One will ploaBC, bIi will cure.   Sold by ell
Heart, Failing Memory. Price $1 per box, sis
for $5. One will ploBDC, bIi will cure. Sold by all
druggists or mailed in plain pkg. on reee!pt_of
RriceT New pamphlet mailed.'free. THE WOOD
IEOICINECO.aTOIOHTO]ONT. (ftmrtiWitaJ
THI NIW PRBNCH RKMKDY. Nrt. M.S. NA
THERAPION h-"*-*
Hospitals with
��..ui.i.H.,(iUMl vtiKUnic WKAKnSSS, LOST VIQOS'
VIU, XIDMKY,  BLADDSK, DISEASES, BLOOD   FOISOH,
LBS.   SITHBR MO. DRUOQKTSar MAIL fl. roST �� CTS
roUQBKA CO. N, SEIKMAM ST.HSW YORKorLYUAM BROS
tORONTO. WRITS FOR FRCK *OOX TO DR. Lt CLSRO
MSD.Co.HAVIRSTOOKRD.HAUrSTBAD. LONDON. SHO.
>RYNEWDRAORBtTASTSLRM)FORMOf   BASY TO TAW
THERAPION   LASTINOCURI.
KTBAT TBADB HARKID WORD 'THBRAriON' IS OB
.���OTT.STAMr AfrUlO TO ALL OSNUIKB MUST*
DO YOU WANT TO KNOW
_ . *>����� *��*�� ��boot SHORTHORN CATTLE T
Tfi��br*ed for tha furroer or rancher Writ* the Sec-
wtary to-day for" FREE! PUBLICATIONS, and ��������
yoar naaM en onr free mailing list.
DOMINION SHORTHORN  BREEDER'S ASSOC'N
Brooklln, Ont. Guelph, Ont
MONEY ORDERS
Pay your out of town accounts by Dominion Express Money Orders. Five dollars
costs three cents.
"What is the connecting link between-the animal and-vegetable-king-
dorns?" asked the teacher.'
"Hash!" yelled the class with one
voice.
A Mild Pill for Delicate Women.
���The most delicate woman can undergo a course of Parmelce's Vegetable Pills without fear of unpleasant
consequences. Their action, while
wholly effective, is mild and agreeable. No violent pains or purgings
follow their usc, as thousands of women who have used them can testify. They are, therefore strongly
recommended to women, who are
more prone to disorders of the digestive organs than men.
Even thc man who never fails to
keep his appointments is apt to fall
down when it comes to answering
friendship letters.
The colonel beckoned to his orderly.
"Smith, I wish you'd ride into the
town and get the correct time."
"Why,    sir,"  Smith    hesitated. "I
haven't got a watch."
"A watch; a watch!" roared    the
colonel.  "What In thc name of sease!
do you" want a watch for?   Write it
{down on a piece of paper, man."
Don't Hawk, Blow,
Sneeze, or Cough
Use "Catarrijozoae"
When germs attack the lining of
thc nose, make" you sneeze and gag���
when later on thcy infest the bronchial tubes���how can you follow them
with a cough syrup?
You can't do it���that's all.- Cough
syrups go to the stomach���that's why
they fail.
But Catarrhozone goes everywhere
���gets right after the germs���kills
them���hcal3 the soreness���cures the
inflammation���makes Catarrh disappear. Not difficult for Catarrhozone
to cure, because it contains toe essences of pine balsams and other antiseptics that simply mean death to
catarrh. Large size costs $1.00 and
contains two months' treatment;
smaller sizes 25c and SOc, all drug-
Igists and storekeepers.
Pamphlets To Scrap Heap
British Wastage of War Is Shown
In Printing Bills
London.���The wastage of war is
revealed in the British government's
printing bill.
In one instance the food ministry
ordered 6,000,000 copies of a pamphlet, and when they had been-printed
it was discovered that an error had
been madc, not by the printer, but by
a ministry official, and so the whole
lot went to the scrap heap.
Another instance is that of a certain ministry which ordered 1,000,000.
copies of a large document, of which
only 20,000 copies have been used or
are ~cver~likely~~td_be" used.
,Keep The Weeds Down
Constant    Attention    is   the    Only
Remedy
Weeds will grow where anything
else will grow. If they arc not de
stroyed they will ruin any crop. Survival of the fittest is an inexorable
law of nature, and thc weed, being
propagated by natural methods, has
an immense advantage'in competition
with a cultivated crop.
Constant attention is the only
remedy. Once the crop is sufficiently above ground to be distinguishable,
cultivation of the soil to kill the
weeds should be commenced and
should be continued till the crop is
high enough to crowd the weeds out.
This cultivation is also necessary for
good growth, as it permits the soil
to Tetain moisture during dry weather and leaves the surface in better
condition to absorb rainfall.   '
Movies and the Eyes
Moving pictures, under    favorable
conditions, do not cause so much fatigue of the eyes as the same period
of concentrated reading.
When there is eye discomfort there
is usually some ocular defect, which
should receive the attention of an eye
specialist.
Under favorable conditions moving
pictures causing fatigue, if continued,
become unpleasant, and may, if persisted int become harmful, a condition
which is greatly aggravated by fixed
staring at one spot on thc picture, a
practice which should never bc indulged in.
���i
A Strange World
It is a queer world. I know two
sterling young fellows who were
maimed for lifc fighting on thc other
side. Their names never showed up
in New York newspapers. Then I
picked up a morning paper, and in an
eight-column head read where a prize
fighter sustained a half-inch abrasion
over the eye.���O. O, Mcintyre, of
Ncw York.
.< Diplomatic
, The young bride in the saxe-blue
jumper bit her bun sadly.. "Men are
really too mean for anything," she
said.
"What's the trouble now?" .'asked
the girl in the-pink georgette sash,
toying with an eclair.
"Why, I asked John for a motorcar today, and he said that I must be
contented with the splendid carriage
that nature had given me."   " -   -
PREMIER
Stoves and Ranges
"MARATHON"
-lEADER"
"ARGUS"
"ROYAL"
3��Hi��FTAfH"
Otseoraaotfcercf tfese jnode^'win waft your
taste and ��t year pone,   Cooltnc troobkt ��a
Btskacwa ��2sere VsnWxa'* mtga bk Ksed.
Write *sftr teriiaslm and mesm* ef gent
ia your loc&if mkeri * ittpUiy vuty be stt*.
TbeTfeB.Djy!teaMfg.C?.LlfflfeJ
M��rafF*ftl        WIWfTFEG     J"arsoSs
J' -tf,'��* V
TKE    LEDGE,     GREENWOOD,     B.     C.
SIBlll
ritain Faces
Big Labor Issue
Loudon.���The labor expert of the
London Times has summarized the
present labor situation in Britain as
follows:
Thc labor issues maturing in the
next few weeks are bigger than any
Great Britain has yet had to face.
Thc labor organizations are bigger
than they were before the war. Labor ideas are bigger. On thc one-
hand wc havc organized workers like
a-strong man with determination. On
the other hand thc employers' organizations were never better, consolidated. Left to themselves, a terrific
conflict would be - inevitable k and
would be fought as a war of extermination by each side.
It probably- would end in thc ex-'
liaustion of both sides,-but there is a
third party vitally interested in keep-
-ing peace, namely, the general public, whose trustees arc the government. The question of destructive
industrial war or peaceful industrial
reconstruction will be determined by
the action of thc government. The
present cabinet has not yet shown
anything like a broad, sympathetic,
progressive policy towards labor and
independents are maintaining a forceful attitude towards capital, which
will be needed if disaster.is to bc
"averted.
Whether thc government will havc
foresight" and courage to do " their
duty is Premier Lloyd George's secret. Thc outcry against the state
to purchase coal mines and the indecision of' the ministers on this test
question of their democratic - goodwill create a strong suspicion that
without drastic changes in the'composition  of  thc  cabinet  the  govern-
Retirement Checks {Awaiting Proclamation
For Postal Workers
ment will fail to satisfy labor.
Labor, therefore, will await eagerly
the foreshadowed reshuffling of thc
cabinet before  taking extreme steps.
The danger in thc present situation is the increasing want of confi-
dcr >mong the workers in the gov-
er. .t, and. in parliament the
majority of thc British trade unionists still retain some trust in the
House of Commons and the ministers, but unless the house and thc
cabinet produce convincing evidence
that thcy intend to give workmen
all thcy can legitimately, respect for
the existing system of government
will inevitably lessen.
If and wheri that happens wc Britishers shall find ourselves staring
into  the  face  of revolution.
Mr. Lloyd George might decide
that the present. House of Commons
is too one-sided to carry out, real
progressive measures. The shrewdest course would be to dissolve parliament and give the working-class
electors a clear field for the elections
anew. *
Of the twenty million British electors, at least fourteen million are
workmen and workmen's wives.
Labor, therefore, if it chooses, can
control thc existing constitutional
machine. This is the surest safeguard against a violent revolutionary
outburst by any largc body of British
workmen.
Only when balked by the cabinet
and, flouted by - parliament will the
workers attempt drastic action.
Meanwhile, the public must expect
intermittent - and sometimes extensive strikes. They are the growing
pains of thc labor movement.
Fund Taken From Their Pay   Will
Be Returned as Sign of End
Winnipeg. ��� Retirement cheques
which . are due the postal workers
who lost their positions as a result
of the strike will be mailed from
Ottawa within the next few days, according to a telegram which J. A.
Elrick, general secretary of the
Amalgamated Postal Workers,- received from the Deputy Postmaster-
General at Ottawa. The average
amount of the cheques is about $400.
Thc message Mr. Elrick received
was as follows: "Retirement fund
cheques are being issued with all
possible expedition, and will mostly
be sent this week."
Mr. Elrick explained that the
money that was being sent was thc
late postal workers' own money. It
represented the five per cent, which
had been deducted from their wages
from the time they had joined thej
service, this retirement fund system
having been adopted in place of a
pension'system.
Of Peace At Ottawa
Germany Would Be
Friends Wilh Neighbors
Advances Along Path in Expectation
of Revision of Peace Treaty
Weimar.���Dr.    Hermann    Mueller,
minister  of  foreign  affairs,  speaking
^before  the national assembly, urged
the cairying ouf-6f thc peace treaty
��� to the utmost, while working afsq for
its revision.   "Hc advocated also lhec
- friendliest  disposition  towards     Belgium by rcal  sacrifices, thus  paving-)
the  way  for  an  understanding  with
the Belgian neighbor nations.   ���
Dr. Mueller favored non-intervention in Russia and an effort to promote friendly relations with Poland
and Czccho-Slovakia, while not forgetting Germany's former allies, Bul-
. garia and /Turkey.��
Resume Trade With Germany
Traders of World Rush in With First
Raising of the Allied
Blockade
Berlin.���The first results of the
raising of the blockade, says thc
Deutsche Allgcmeine Zcitung, is the
flooding of Cologne with foreign
goods.
"French firms," the newspaper
adds, "are offering hundreds of thousands of kilograms of cocoa powder,
chocolate, coffee, ox fat, pork fat,
macaroni and toilet soaps. German
imports .companies have, been offered
large "quantities of corn starch and
cocoa, hundreds of carloads of white
beans and" Chinese yellow "peas, and
raw""" coffee-and " chocolate"in"" huge
quantities.
"The American offers include bacon, olive oil, rubber coats, steam
turbines, automobile machinery, various oils and'vaseline.
"An Anglo-Japancsc firm offers thc
direct importation of borax, paraffin,
resin, flax oil, shellac, and soap."
Eleven Boys Drowned
At One Time
Our State-Owned. Ships
Ottawa.���By the end of this year
thc government will havc twenty
ships with a total net tonnage of 110,-
000 tons operating in the Norlh Atlantic and West Indian' trade. Thc
voyages madc by the seven steamers
already in commission havc been
very profitable.
ter.
British Fleet Is
Against Bolshevism
Warships Kept in Baltic and Ceaselessly Active���Some Also
in Caspian Sea
London.���In thc House of Commons, Right Hon. Walter Hume
Long, First Lord of the Admiralty,
stated that British warships were
kept in thc Baltic in order to prevent unprovoked Bolshevik raids oh
the coast towns of thc Baltic states
and Finland, interference with thc
feeding of the population and the
spread of Bolsehvik militarism. _ He
was- satisfied the' forces were sufficient.
-Mr. Long said a British naval force
had been" operating in the Caspian
Sea since August, 1918, against many
Bolshevik armed merchantmen, destroyers "and submarines. The operations would be concluded and the
Canoes Were Tipped Over. By High | personnel withdrawn before the win-
Waves
Springfield, Mass.���Eleven members of'the Springfield boys' club
were drowned in Big Pond, East
Otis, when a flatboat and several
canoes in which thcy were being
towed,, were-- tipped over by high
waves. The boys missing are: Fred
Miller, Edward Boucher, Amos Newell, Fred Stevens, Francis Moriarity,
Harry Nash.-Donald Dilizia," Mitchell
Levin, Leonardo - Sanlasicro,v Assistant Camp Leader Walter Scars, and
Earl .Robertson.   - * ��� ^
The boys, who ..were in camp
with 42 other boys on an island,
had been - on the mainland for' athletic sports and were being taken
back for dinner.. About half-way
across, a high wind came up, causing
a wave to partly fill the flatboat with
water. When the launch towing thcm
turned to go back to "the mainland,
other waves quickly filled the boat
ancl it soon sank.
Sonic of the boys held on to thc
boat, but when one'of the youngsters
lost his hold, all of the others on
that sidc of thc boat started to rescue him. This caused thc boat to
turn over and all lost their hold.
The boys who were following in
canoes paddled to the struggling
mass of humanity, and some of this
craft was capsized also, accounting
for other  drownings.
Santasiero, who was one of- four
directors in-the launch,-when-he saw
thc panic among thc boys, jumped
into thc water in an effort at rescue.
Hc was soon pulled down by the
struggling boys and drowned with
thc others. Thc only boy recovered
up to six o'clock was Walter Scars.'
Strikers On Trial
At
Winnipeg
Bulgars Attack
French Regiment
Lively Fusilade Ensued and Three
French Soldiers Were Killed
Geneva.���As the result of an attack
on French soldiers 'by Bulgarians, a
French regiment has arrived at Sofia,
the Bulgarian capital, to disarm thc
local garrison,- according to ~ the Rumanian bureau at Berne.
Thc French contingent, the bureau
states, isj supplied'with-an "equipment
of ra'pid'fire guns to "sustain it" in" its
task of restoring order.
The skirmish occurred as the regiment was landing at Lompalanka, on
the Danube, 22 miles southeast of Vi-
din, a few days ago, according to a
dispatch from~Belgrade. A lively fusilade ensued, lasting three hours.
Three French soldiers were killed.
Will Continue Cattle Embargo
London.���Thc board of agriculture
has decided to continue the prohibition of importation of Canadian steer
catllc, not because such cattle would
not be specially dangerous to British
herds, but because it would be felt
as a menace to the" security of thc
British farmer and check the development of an industry absolutely essential  to  national  prospcrit}'.
May
I:
Not Hold
Trial In London
London.���It is possible that forme--
Empcror William may not be tried
in London, according to an announcement madc in thc House of Lords
by Earl Curzon, government leader
in the upper house *
The Lords passed the peace treaty
and thc Anglo-French treaty through
all stages. In the course of discussion, Viscount Bryce deprecated
holding the trial of the former German Emperor at London.
Baron Buckmastcr said there were
grave reasons why the government
ought not to pursue any further the
project of trying the German war
lord. It was certainly unfitting, he
declared, to ask an English judge to
sit on such a tribunal to administer
s law hc docs not know by procedure aud has ncyer been defined, in
�� court hc does not control.
In his reply, Earl Curzon said hc
thought the kaiser in exile in no way
^comparable with Charles I. or Napoleon. He was unable to imagine
that a man who ignomino:--'. fled
,his country could be turned into a
martyr or a hero by a trial, while
his continued presence near thc German border -might bc a political
danger.
It might be, however, that the trial
would be held r- London. No final
decision has been reached, and the
chances of the trial becoming a spectacular show and disturbing public
opinion and the, daily national life
were important considerations. Even
if the trial were within the sphere
of Britain, it by no means followed
that London would be the place selected.
Hospital Cases  Still Arriving
Portland. ��� Nearly six hundred
wounded Canadian soldiers arrived
here on the hospital ship Essequibo.
Thc number included 33 commissioned officers and four nursing sisters,
and 524 men of other ranks. There
wcrc 55 amputation, 58 cot cases, and
44 tubercular pationes, also one mental case.
It is estimated there are 3,000 more
Canadian-casualties-to pass-through
Portland, and that the service will
continue until October, the Essequibo and the Araguaya making two
more trips each.
Ottawa   in Throes   of Doubt  as to
When War Measures Act
Expires
Ottawa.���Parliament will be in session again before the War Measures
Act expires, and with it therace track
betting, prohibition and other wartimeorders-in-council passed under
its provisions. . Such is the understanding here, and was the understanding when parliament prorogued
a fortnight ago. At that timc the
final complete text of thc peace treaty
with Germany had not. been received
in Ottawa, and therefore could not
be submitted to parliament for ratification. Drafts as prepared had
been received and changes made are
cabled from Paris. It was not till thc
arrival in Ottawa of Hon. C. J. Do-
herty, who with Hon. A. L. Sifton
signed the treaty for Canada, that the
text as signed at Versailles was available. The understanding with thc
British government when Sir Robert
Borden left London was that there
would bef no proclamation of peace
by Britain for some time, and at any
Vatc not till thc Canadian parliament
had full opportunity to ratify.
Since then, however, greater necessity has apparently arisen in Great
Britain for an early proclamation
that a state of war no longer exists.
lt is understood that the government
here is in communication with the
imperial authorities on' the subject
and that stress is being laid on thc
necessity for full opportunity being
given to the, Dominion parliament foi
discussion of the treaty's terms before formal proclamation of peace by
thc King. Notice has already been
given of a special session in the fall
for ratification.
While the question has not been
discussed in cabinet as yet, it is probable that the date of opening will be
advanced a week or two to avoid any
unnecessary delay. But that peace
will bc officially proclaimed before
thc Dominion parliament can be summoned'is regarded here as extremely
unlikely.
Thc point raised by Sir A. B.
Aylesworth that the war time orders-
in-council, notwithstanding their
own provisions, will not be operative after expiry of the War Measures Act is generally conceded. A
similar opinion was given by a committee of legal experts in Great
Britain with regard to orders-in-
council passed under the Defence of
thc Realm Act.
It is pointed out that under thc
treaty with Germany peace cannot
be proclaimed until after ratification
by Germany and by three of1 the
principal allied and^associated powers. The principal allied and associated powers are defined in the treaty
as U.S., British Empire, France,
Italy and Japan. - Ratification of the
treaty wilh Germany alone' is not
regarded as being/sufficient to end
the war and thc War Measures Act.
There will be also need to be ratification of peace with Austria. Peace
with Germany would be merely a
partial peace._ But whether ratifications of the peace with Bulgaria and
Turkey first would be necessary in-
so far as thc termination of the War
Measures Act is concerned is regarded, as somewhat doubtful. There is
little likelihood, in actual practice,
of much difference in time between
the proclamation of peace in Great
Britain and its proclamation in Canada by thc governor-general.
at
U. S. Will Repeal
Winnipeg Strike Leaders Laugh
Evidence Tendered on Conspiracy
Winnipeg.���A secret service whose
ramifications extended even into the
carefully-guarded precincts of the labor temple was named as the source
of evidence of an actual revolution
by Sergt. A. E. Rcamcs,.chief of the
Manitoba Royal Northwest Mounted
Police secret service, at the preliminary trial of eight labor leaders
charged with' seditious conspiracy.
The accused, R. B. Russell, W. M.
Ivens, W. A. Pritchard, R. J. Johns,
Aldermen A. A. Heaps and John
Queen, George Armstrong and R. E.
Bray, maintained thc attitude they
adopted at the first sessions; they
laughed outright at some of thc evidence and continually passed laughing whispers.
"Reports I had from reliable agents
were to the effect that there was a
revolution in the making," Sergt.
Reamcs declared, under cross-examination by E. J. Murray. Hc reiterated quotations from speeches" by
Wm. Ivens and Geo. Armstrong
which- counselled revolution. He said
he believed the speeches were contri-
butary causes to the general strike.
"I was not surprised that the strike
was peaceful at first," hc said.. "It
would have remained so if the'strike
committee'could'have retained "con-
trol-of everything in-the city under
the labor temple' permit system.
Thcy wahted-peace for a purpose."
Evidence of an independent witness, Joseph T.' Hill, who had attended a meeting the day before the first
riot, brought out the fact that Wm.
Ivens had told a large gathering of
ignorant foreigners that their.home's
were in danger of violation by ' the
special police. Mr. Ivens told a story
of a special policeman stealing money
from a striker's wife and children under threat of his baton. When the
special police had been attacked the
next day, the witness had thought it
his duty to report Ivens' speech to
thc police. He said he believed it
was contributory to the riots, and
was "vicious and that ils effect at
that timc would be particularly bad."
He said he had been shocked and
horrified at the thought of a man
having so little sense that he would
make such an inflammatory address
to such an audience.
Lenine Wants Peace
With Rumania
Makes Concessions for Armistice,
But Ties Serious String to
Proposals
, London.���A Bolsheviki delegation
has arrived at Kishineff with an offer
of peace to thc commander of the
Rumanian troops on behalf of Nikolai
Lenine, thc Bolshcviki premier, according to a Berlin government wireless dispatch.
'Lenine offers to cede Bessarabia
to Rumania on condition that Rumania shall prohibit Ukrainian citizens
and bands of Admiral Kolchak, head
of the all-Russian government at
Omsk, from crossing the Rumanian
frontier.
An armistice to last eight days has
been concluded on thc Bcssaragian
front, and the delegation has gone to
Rumanian headquarters.
O
I New York.���A Washington dispatch to the'New York World says:
"Immediate repeal of thc Canadian
Reciprocity Act, as approved by
President Taft on July 6, 1911, was
decided upon by thc ways and means
committee. This is thc first tariff
revision definitely agreed to by the
Republicans since regaining control
of congress, and is a step toward the
throwing of a high protective wall
about American products.
"A report was ordered to be made
to the house, and, if possible, the repeal measure will' be rushed through
before thc summer recess, which leaders arc endeavoring to secure, beginning    early in August.
"It may have to bc delayed, as
there is strong sentiment among Republicans, following demands from
certain sections, that the reciprocity
law be nullified."
Stolen Goods Being Returned
Paris.���Figures given in the course
of thc sitting of thc chamber of deputies by thc peace treaty committee
show that offices set up in Wclsba-
den and Brussels to obtain thc return
from Germany of stolen goods, havc
effected the recovery of 255i000 ancl
896,000 tons respectively of material
of all kinds. It was stated, however,
lhat this was but a small proportion
of thc things taken by the Germans.
As an example, it was asserted that
of 950,000 head of cattle carried off,
only 8,000 had been recovered.
Germans Must Surrender Livestock
Paris.���Germany will havc to surrender to France 500 stallions, 3,000
fillies, 90,000 milk cows, 100,000" sheep
and 10,000 goats, according to a report made to the French peace commission sitting under tiie presidency
of Rene Viviani, by M. Dubois, economic expert for the commission, in
commenting on the peace treaty
clauses.
Two hundred stallions, 5,000 marcs,
5,000 fillies, 50,000 cows and 4,000
heifers were also' to go to Belgium
from Gcrman3'. Thc deliveries are
to be made monthly during a period
of three months until completed.
Coal Famine Threatens London
London.���A decision by the government that not more than 200
pounds of coal may be delivered to a
private residence weekly threatens a
stoppage of coal deliveries in London, except in urgent cases. Coal
dealers says they cannot deliver such
small quantities, as it would take 20
trips to deliver the usual load of two
tons. Much of the tracking in London is dependent on coal.
Victory For Clemenceau
Great.Success of Premier Clemenceau
'    When He Won a Vote of
.i
, ,    , ���   Confidence
- -Paris.���All newspapers, excepting
those distinctly hostile to the government, comment upon the great
success of Premier Clemenceau when
he won a vote of confidence in the
chamber of deputies. Some papers
make the point that the result shows
the vote, in which the government
was in the minority, was not aimed at
the government, but was intended to
obtain a more energetic policy designed to end tlic high cost of living, wJiich, it was declared, threatened to paralyze thc country. The papers express pleasure that Premier
Clemenceau had pledged himself to
consult thc country soon, through
the coming elections.
Canadians Sentenced
iu
England
End of Trial of Seven in Connection
With Death o.f Epsom
Policeman
London.���At thc Surrey assizes
Bugler Robert Todd and Private E.
A. McAllan, of the Canadian Forestry Corps, wcrc found not guilty of
manslaughter in connection with the
death of Police Sergeant Green at
Epsom and discharged. Privates i'\
H. Wilkie, 102nd Canadian Battn,; J.
Connors, 113th Canadian Highlanders; A. McMaster, 3rd Canadian Reserve, and D. Ycrex and A. Masse, of
thc Canadian Forestry Corps, wcrc
found guilty and sentenced to twelve
months* imprisonment wilh hard labor.
No Trace of Nipigon Man
Fort William. Ont.���Another day's
sun-has set and still thc second man
implicated in thc murder of Constable
Armstrong at Nipigon is at large. Apparently there lias been no sign of
him, although thc search of Inspector Symons, Scigcant Burleigh and
members of thc local police forces.
Mounted Police, Dominion, provincial and railway police, has been
ceaseless in the vigilance for him and
arc still scouring thc woods between
Port Arthur and Wild Goose  Point.
Political Landslide In
Prince Edward Island
Charlottetown, P.E.I. ~ Liberals
Swept the province in thc general
elections, capturing 26 seals out of
30.
The only Conservative su.vivors of
thc debacle were Hon. Arsenault,
premier; Hon. James. A. McNeill,
commissioner of public works, and
H. F. Murdock Kennedy, without
portfolio, and J. D. Stewart McKinnon, commissioner of agriculture,
was defeated.
This was the most one-sided election since Confederation, with thc
exception of 1911, when the Liberals
won only two seats. When the house
dissolved, the'parties stood: Conservatives, 18; Liberals, 11; and one scat
vacant.
The Liberals elected are: Bell, Lea,
Gallant, Metherall, Sanders, Dennis,
McLean, McArthur, Crosby Hughes,
Lepage, Brodie D. MacDonald, Nash,
Irving, Higgs, Duffy, D. C. MacDonald, Acorn, Cox, Mcintyre, Johnston,
Dcwar, Sutherland, Butler ..nd Hessian. *
Such a sweeping victory was unexpected by both sides, although the
result of the federal elections, when
four Liberals got a majority of home
votes, afterwards changed by thc soldiers' votes, foreshadowed a Conservative defeat. The returned soldiers
did not lake an active part in the
contest, but it is evident that a majority voted Liberal. Fine weather
brought out a largc vote. There was
a big turnover in Charlottetown, the
Liberals capturing both scats by
largc majorities, labor going with
the opposition.
Dissatisfaction with the administration of tiie piiblic works department, especially the neglect of roads,
with the administration of thc agricultural department, and'with .the
proposal of thc government to, levy
additional taxation told against thc
Conservatives. People also looked
with disfavor upon thc highway bill,
fearing that payment of the sixty
pcr cent, asked for by the federal
government would be too heavy a
burden.
Prince To Visit White House
British Heir-Apparent Invited to Be
Guest of United States
Government
London.���The Prince of Wales will
reach- the U.S. next month as the
guest of "the U.S. government. King
George, on 'behalf of thc Prince, has
accepted an invitation sent the Prince
by President Wilson, to visit thc President in Washington,
After his visit to Canada, thc
Prince will go to Washington for a
few days as a guest of thc United
States government and later will
make a brief visit- to New York;
where he will live on board thc British battleship Renown in Ncw York
harbor, although still a guest of thc
government.
King to Unveil Montreal Statue
Montreal.���King George has consented to unveil the memorial here to
Sir Etienne Cartier by pressing a
button at Balmoral. The Duke of
Connaught cabled E. W. VHlencuve,
president of the Cartier centenary, of
tfhich the former Governor-General
was a patron, that His Majesty would
unveil the statue by this method on
September 6, the anniversary of Car-
tier!s birthday. A wire -will be run
from Balmoral to connect with the
Atlantic and Canadian cable lines,
thus forming a direct electrical connection.
The French government has conferred the Mcdaille Militaire, its
highest decoration for an enlisted
man, on a negro corporal of thc
372nd Infantry, who was formerly a
waiter iu a Boston restaurant. Heroism, as thc war has abundantly
shown, has nothing to do with race,
color or previous condition of servitude.
Cutting Wheat Near Brandon
Brandon.���Robert Roddick, farmer,
of Brandon Hills, is cutting wheat.
He commenced on a field that was
sown on April 15. It is said to be
the finest crop since 1914. It is 30
years fiince wheat was cut in this
particular district during July. Wheat
fields in the Assiniboine River Valley are ripening fast.
Priests Must Pay
Kingston, Ont.���Judge Lavell lias
issued an attaching order to twelve
Roman Catholic clergymen in the
Kingston archdiocese for the "Cath-
cdratium," ' thc ten pcr cent, of the
revenue of a parish priest which is
payable to Archbishop Spratt from
the respective parishes of these men.
This step is being taken to realize
Under thc judgment obtained by Sister Mary Basil against Archbishop
Spratt and Sister Margrcgie, of the
House of Providence, for thc sum of
$20,000 _- .	
Fatal Airplane Accident
Lieut.   W.   R.   Cross   and   Wife   of
Aviator Kerr Instantly
Killed
Portage La Prairie.���Lieut. W.-R.
"Buster"" Cross and Mrs. S. P. Kerr
are dead and Lieut. S. P. Kerr, of the
Veteran* Airplane company, of Winnipeg, is in thc Portage general hos---
pital in a precarious condition as the
result of a nose dive made by his
machine about two miles north of
this city. How the accident happened cannot be learned except from
those who saw the ��� machine come
down, and thcy state that the engine
stopped of a sudden, the nose of the
machine turned earthward and it
came down with a crash.
Lieut. Kerr and party arrived here
from Winnipeg with their -machine,
and had arranged to prpeced to the
Brandon exhibition. They made aii
early start, but had some kind of
trouble west of thc city an$ were
forced to land in a plowed field, necessitating assistance in getting out.
Nothing more was heard of them until thcy wcrc observed flying north
of'thc city, heading evidently for the
landing place used during the visit
here exhibition week. They were
flying at an altitude of about 200 feet,
when of a sudden thc engine stopped
and the plane came down on the farm '
of thc Home for Incurables.
It" is surmised that, flying so close
[to thc ground, Lieut. Kerr, who was
running the machine, did not have
time to straighten out before the
crash came. , The nose of the machine crashed into the ground and
drove thc engine in on top of Mrs.
Kerr and Lt. Cross, who. were in the
front scat, and when taken out they
were crushed almost beyond recognition. When the machine struck,
Lieut. Kerr, >who was in the back
seat looking aflcr thc control, bounced out and landed clear of the machine, but hc was unconscious when
picked up, and lushed to the hospital.
Parts of the machine- had to be
lorn away to get thc bodies of Mrs.
Kerr and Lieut. Cross out of the
wreckage, but there was no sign of
life, and they must have been instantly killed.
The machine was what is known
as the L.W.F. war type, 145 horsepower, and has 4S-foot wing span.
Upper Silesia to Bc Independent
Berlin.���Upper Silesia, in the event
that it is decided under the plebiscite
to remain German, will become an
independent autonomous province,
according to an official announcement. The vote will bc taken in the
entire government and district of
Oppelin.
Grotkau, Neissc and a part of thc
Neustadt and Zuelzerland districts
will remain German and part of the
Ramstau district will go to Poland
without a plebiscite.
In the onward march of progress
the rcal laggards are often those who
talk a lot about it and leave thc matter there.
Britain Will Protect People
Confusion and Disorder Resultant
From Strikes
London.���'The whole force of the
British government will be executed
to protect thc people from any undue pressure, Andrew Bonar Law,
government leader, told the House of
Commons when asked what was being done regarding thc confusion and
disorder resultant from workers' and
miners' strikes.
"Thc government is well aware
that there are a number of people������
not a very largc number fortunately
���who arc aiiliing at thc destruction
of our whole social and political situation," Mr. Bonar Law added. As
to thc agitators, hc said: "Thc government is not overlooking these
people."
Serious Disorders
In Upper Egypt
Would Exclude
Canadian Cattle
W.      N.      U.      1274
Fears Expressed in England That
Animals Are Exposed to
Diseases
London.���Fanners of England are
opposing the efforts being made to
remove the long-standing prohibition
on thc importation of Canadian store
cattle. The council of the chamber
of agriculture has adopted a report
urging that there be no relaxation in
the restrictions, not because of disease which is admitted to be non-existent in Canada, but because Canada's extended frontier exposes her
to constant danger from the U.S.,
where animal diseases are always present
London.���Eight hundred natives
wcrc killed and 1,600 wounded daring the recent disturbances in Egypt,
according lo dispatches from General
E. H. Allenby, Col. Harmsworth, under secretary of the foreign office,
announced in the House of Commons.
The casualties to European and
other civilians were:
Killed, 31: wounded, 35.
The casualties to thc military
were:
Kilted, 29, wounded, 114.
The death sentence was imposed oa
39 natives; detention for life, 26. Upwards of 1,000 were sentenced to
short terms of imprisonment. The
military courts Ime been dispensed
with, the sentences which they ini-
(posed being reduced by three months^
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!!
HAT lias become of the any-
old-thing? It just simply
"isn't" any more. Everybody
looks all dressed up from
early morning- on, u seems. Xobody
ever talks about working clothes. Tiie
business girl hops up from her desk
and goes to her dinner without making
a change of costume; meaning, of
course, that her oflice frock isn't nearly as businesslike as its name. But
be ail that as it may, there Is.still
an aching void in the wardrobe for the
knock-about. And heie are some smart
ways to .fill it.
<!��� $ $ ,p
Dotted Swiss is an attractive! \- practical thins; to make any bit of raiment
of, fi'om a demure little frock, to a
part little hat of the sort that you can
"slap1' on and treat rather unceremoniously without- its showing it. Can
you see that sporty little thing at the
top left in old blue dotted Swiss, and
then all its dots embroidered ir, naw
blue wooi? There you have one knockabout to your credit, one that's smart
and modish  to-,boot.
���I> <f Cf .Jl
Aside from the fact of their smait-
noss, these sleeveless, sideless Jack-
_��t��_ that are _ really, gllet front -and
back, may be the very salvation of
a perishable frock. Or if not precisely
that, they may* at least stand for a
decided curtailment of the laundry bill.
Develop the one pictured in tan crash
or jade; wool jersey, and there is any
number of frocks that you can accommodate It to. As far as cut is
concerned, it is just what it appears
to'be���straight piece, front and back.
The collar is a most unusual version
of the Peter J-'an, considerably longer
on one side, and fastening wit.li a big
self-covered button. Further distinction is lent bj   distending side pockets.
Two linens uie suggested for tho milking of that very indispensable knockabout coming-net t. it ls a sate wager
that nln�� "out of "cvery ten summer
outfits Include a lineii, suit. ^Jt is ��'i
safer wager that theie i*it't a smarter than tliis. The coat of-.it js something of .1 wonderfully ciik: little tros*
between the basque and liie box type
, uiiri the *kiit. the very most conven-
tlonal of stiaight scant models.    Note,
too, that the coat sleeve comes i" one,
and that tlie closing is distinctively to
one side for the whole closing line of
the costume. Can you see it In two
tones of blue linen, the darker going
Into most ot the coat ancl tho lighter
blue fashioning all the skirt but th*
banding'.'
(J)  cj>   l|l  *Jl
Chief among attractive knock-abouts
is the middy. However, the middy in
its natural state is most too informal
to merit being called exactly smart.
That, a middy adaptation may be,
and theie are two such suggested to
you here. Fancy that sailor-collared
mode!-with���the striped skirt,-Jn roso
linen, will you. atop a rose-and-white-
strijped linen skirl? Certainly you 'won't
!ln(l it difficult to alter a middy pattern to this stage of ultimate chic.
The collar line is not exactly v. please
to observe, and there ia a very decided hint of "tit" lo the general contour of the blouse.^ As for the skirt,
that  is   obviously   straight  and   rather
scant.
<ji <j> <$> <��
It is something betwixt the middy
and the Jersey, that striking Idea for
a knock-about coming next. You mi&'lu
iind it easier, . tho, to work with a
basque pattern heie, a basque wilh its
sleevc-in-one, if you can limb one. The
collar is the very trig matter of <lrap-
'. plug a sc.-u ��' once about* the throat,,
and after that icixing the long end of
it into a slit at the bottom of the blouse.
And the. skirt Virtually explains itself.
Now ^can >ou wp all this arresting
line expressed in yellow ratine with
sporty silk crepe making tiie scarf aud
cuffs.' ,      x    ���
^ i��  iff A ''
.No summer outfit can get-along suc
cessfully without some sort of shoulder throw. There are occasions when
more thuu a shoulder wrap would be
positively uncomfortable, and at just
such times docs a garment like the
tiny capo shown, answer the need; and
m a thoroly charming way. There is
nothing complex about the line of it
withal. You might easily build it
on a conventional cape model, effecting the distinctiveness of this by making it conspicuously frontless, and having the collar of thc fence type. Xote
the fetching result from a bit of ribbon laceti thru tlie collar. It is calculated to be even more fetching, if
tho ribbon be a gray grosgrnin, for
instance, and the cape a light wool
jersey,  llkew ise gray.
<J>  <J>  ij>  ��i
You   can   achieve   delightful  sweater
effects  with  the wool  jerseys and  the
A piece of navy blue cotton crepe
may not arrest, your attention���in tiie
piece���but a piece of navy blue cotton
crepe built after the ovcrblouse model
suggested and touched up with bright
Roman-striped ribbons, makes the
brightest ha If-costume you can imagine. \ou might try the formula and
turn.out something tremendously convenient to put atop of odd skirts, and
to use coat-wise over a thin dross now
and then for the cooler days to come.
* i> 'I' *
These  ratines  wax  prettier at cvery
revival   of   ihem.     They   are. wonderfully   fetching  this  season,   and  there
is simply no resisting the charm of a
ratine when   it's   blue  and  after  that-
posed with a blue and black and pink
calico.   There's a most distinctive Idea
for   combining ^the   two   in   the   frock
with   the   toy-top   skirt.    Fashion   the .
bodice on close sleeve-in-one lines, and
the skirt as the drawing dictates. Not
all the charm of this frock must be accredited   to   the   stuff   that   it's   to   be
made  of,   tho,  some  ot it must go  to
its cunningly devised lltle collar.   You
see,   it   is   neither   quite   bib.   nor  yet
quite' cape,  but a most effective compromise of the two.   "Which is a subtle
suggestion for the cutter.
WHAT IS NEW IN DRESS AND ACCESSORIES
i -
RIBBON MAGIC
There is magic in ribbon, and no one knows that quite to well as
La Mode just now. And no one appreciates it more than the little home
dressmaker wbo da?es - not venture far". beyond simple lines, yet \rho
wants to realize elusive effects, which she can do beautifully if she
takes the ribbon sugge��tiocs coming on thi* page next Sunday.
POLLY DEAR.
Guess where I've ��� been disporting myself this week! By the sad
sea waves, my dear..Tho dear knows
why they should be sad with so much
life and color and gaycly s0 near them.
There was a brilliant gathering at
the hotel; meaning, of course, that I,
have some brilliant clothes gossip for
you. Evening fabrics are just about as.
gorgeous as evening fabrics come. There
are quantities of jet and sequins and
metallic an,} opalescent, things. Es-
pecially. novel, tho, are the silk and ,
metal embroidered tulles in weirdly
lovely Chinese and Japanese designs.
These are not black tulles altogether
that are so decorated. The jades and
the ,i.mberg aud the turquoises of the
jeiinc   lill<>  are  quite  as.  susceptible.
[ was strutk particularly by th.e absence of the strictly cvuiiiig frock.
IJvw.vl.iody seems to want to wear a
great his: black hat of malliie, aud so
th-* dinner t>pe of dress wilh a iw>r!i-
lied ihort sleeve ij. gciting- tlie prefei-
'en.v. Lines in such gowns seem to be
eith.-i wry much chemise or decldertiy
Uisque. . one particularly lovely frock
worn hy a . fairy creature of IS or
thereabouts was of gold-embroidered
atnbet tui Id. tuffeta-basqued, the basque
going, quite a bit below the normal
waist line.
Indeed, there are perfect miles of
embroidery on everything, and more
miles to come. Wonderfully striking is
the relief ernbroidciy that is going on
some very exclusive sports models. I
have In mind an arresting chemise of
while itoroeco crepe with quite a deep
hem treated to bold relief work in black
wooi. With this frork, the owner wore
white \ el vet oxfords with fringed
y^v.^uf-a. And site carried a white
leather  parasol!
Other parasols I saw; exquisite lacy
things with great bunches of colorful
silk fruits upon them, then a violet
silk one with great splashes of embroidery done in navy, blue ribbon,
and a sprinkling of tassels also in
navy. Another delight was fashioned
of black taffeta witix ribbon running
the length, of its ribs an(i ending in
wee tantalizing little bows at the
'���spoke" ends.
Xor is the conceit for combining navy
and .violet limited . to parasols. Indeed, you can't keep luts mid blouses
fiom a thing as fetching as that. One
pei feet little dream of a hat put the
violet into its sashed brim of duvetyn
ami the navy into ils airy crown of
puffed maline. You are going to &ee
moiv of tiie slashed brims, too, by the
way.
Cut siinji l and attrietiva and all as
i-> duvetyn  a-, hen  its put into u hat Ir-
, lvsjstibli-, it hasn't got quite all the hat
!i��-M "to itself. Indeed, if there are
many more expressions in silk jcisey
.:* dimming as the ostrich-trimmed
model that 1 saw. well, duvetyn had
���belter be looking to its honors. This'
was a citron jersey boldly sweeping oft
the face, and bound all the w<ty with
looped ostrich fringe dJ'ed to match
thf   jersey. >
. Milady who wore tliat citron piece de
resistance wore also the most fascinating little wrap of cition tulle all deep
shingle tucks, and- a great sweeping
collar of ostrhh���citron, too.
One other item of embroidery pews
that I -must, treat you to before I con-
_ Wi'de this ecstatic epistle, is the very
unexpected use of black nnd silver'
traceiy on white organdie over, black
taffeta.    I believe that I told yoii quite
- a- little   while   ago   about   th!i��   novel
' posjng   of   white   org.i:idie   over   black
taffeta ana black satin. Rut this later
development is amazingly pretty, let
me tell you.
Logically, after mentioning tlie seashore I might havo mentioned bathing
- suits. Illoglcally, I am going to say a
few words about them now.   If any ono
' says purple pongee bathing suits to
you, look as If it were an. old atory.
And If they go on to say coat-suit bathing suits with bloomers and the mo3t
delightfully   mannish   vests   you   ever
, -saw oil a bathing suit, just "look pleas-
.   ed   to   pieces   that  somebody  else, has
discovered one ot your discoveries. But
���    they're top o' the bathing mode, these
things^    aud    wonderfully    fetching.
You lemernber the Dolly Varden patterned chiffons that I told you about
a little while ago? Well, they were
liked so  well,  that  they are being re
peated in handloom designs on georgette
for undies. And let me tell you they are
simply irresistible. Fancy, -will you,
an exquisite pale blue and yellow bouquet motif on a flesh ground, and the
whole posed over ilame color. Which
flame color is repeated in the binding
of the fairy garments and used again
to sash  chemise, nightie and peignoir.
One delightful bit of a chemise in
white safln moire that is the most
appreciably convenient thing I've beheld for a long time is a combination
_of_straIght chemise_and .envelope, _In-_
stead of having its envelope como under tha straight garment, this model
considered it wiser to have lt over
the other. Both are joined at the top
of the yoke only, making it easy for
the under part to do vest duty and
for the supplement to act as corset
cover.   -.-
Oh, yes, and there are some entrancing undies In batik. " My, but the general public is a long time waking to
.the marvelous beauty of this Java
work! Watt, tho, till it beholds tha
lovely things that the wax dyeing can
do to a nightie.
And now what next���next week. I
mean? Heaven only knows, my dear.
But leave it to me to come back wltlt
some nuggets if there are any to b��
had. For the present, theu, au revoir.
Your very own,
CAROLINE   HARPER.
HOW NOT TO "LOOK" STOUT
ONE may be almost discouraging-
Iy stout, but if wisdom be applied to the choice of one's
clothes, one needn't "look" one's size
at all. .Following are some pointers
for the woman who Is ovcr-slzo and
who  wants to camouflage  the fact.-
When choosing a dress, there are two
things. for the stout woman to bear
in mind. One, is that up-and-down lines
are slenderizing, and the other, that
cross lines tend to emphasize thickness where 'it is and to suggest it
where it isn't.
Especial care should he given to tha
tiimmlng   of  a   garment.  -Decorations
that are grouped in patches give re
Impression of bulk, whereas single rows
and broken line's, particularly vertical
lines, give-length and so suggest increased  slendernesa.
Nor should the trimming ever be of
the boldly contrasting kind, no that
It stands out flagrantly front the garment. Harmonizing embellishment
should be the rule.
The same thing applies to the collar,
tho belt, treatment of r/kirt bottoms,
and tucks, pleats and seams. Xone of
these should be conspicuous enough
to attract the eye before it takes in
the rest of the garment.   Likewise tha
vertical rule applies to  the tucks and
pleats and seams.    ' -
Now, sleeves have as much to do with
a woman's general appearance of slim-
ness or the unbeautiful opposite as
"line" in general. Always they should
cling to the arm rather than flare
away from It. Meaning, of course,
that the material that sleeves are made
of must be soft, as should - the rest
of the successful "stout" dress. Where
the forearm Is large and heavy, a
sleeve that comes just below ' the elbow or at a point a little above the.
wrist is a good choice. But-the long,
sleeve made to lit very close below
the elbow is an invariably safe choice
for the over-plump arm. Another lino '
point In sleeves that does not appear
to be generally known among the "embonpoint" Is the diminishing effect of
a moderately flaring cuff on- a tight
sleeve.
"Whilo on" the subject of sleeves, it
might riot- be amlus to say something
about aleevelessness and fat. ' Never,
never should upper, arms and shoulders obviously fat "be left entirely uncovered when evening'clothes are worn.
There should be some sort of covering, lace, fchifton and tulte answering
the purpose without_ destroying the
decollelage. Also black is preferable
to white for the purpose, since white
has the unhappy effect of accentuating
undue fleshiness. " ,
It is time to center on skirts. Just
at present the mode is especially kind to
the woman -wha would lengthen her
lines. It permits her the fashionable " right to -wear her skirts to her
instep If she cares lo. That extreme
is not, however, necessary; but the
other extreme that goes well above tho
ankle is about as "fattening'' a lino as
can be effected. Of the types of skirt
that are slenderizing are: straight-pleated models, tho long tunic variety and
the straight-paneled skirts. Ruffles,
tiers or trimming of any sort that ia
conspicuously on the cross should bo
avoided.
Then there are certain types of blouse
as well that can be depended on to
successfully camouflage excess fleshiness. They are the straight-vested
models, those with a decided surplice
- line7_aiKl,- of ^course,- those that-are-
vertical tucked and pleated. An excellent rule for the stout woman to keep
in mlnfl whan choosing blouse or frock
is that trimming kept near the -center
front of the figure tends-to givp the
Impression of slimness. Particularly
ls this true of tho vest;ee. which,
however, must not offer striking contrast lo the .rest of the costume. It
should be of a tone lo correspond with
the dress or blouse that it decorates
or of a filmy creamy or flesh stuff that
"melts" Into tlie neck line.
If you notice, the stouter a woman
grows, usually the less waist line she
has to her credit. Which suggests that"
If the waist line be lengthened artificially,'the general impression will be
decidedly moro flattering. Deep-yoked
skirts, low belt lines and Russian
blouse effects all add inches to tho
waist line that la unbeautifully short.
Empire lines should be absolutely la-
boo, likewise belts that are darker "
than the blouses with which they ar*
worn.
Working up to the neck line. Js it
, necessary to repeat tlie wisdom of V
lines for fat necks? That may be
pretty generally known, but from the
wholesale abuse of shoulder cape and
epaulet lines, it does not appear to be
generally known that the shoulders of
the embonpoint must be kept narrow,
ana that by closa armholes or snug
kimono effects and absolutely no broad
collars.
Finally, there is lhe material consideration. The stuffs that becoming
"stout" clothes are made ot are soft
in texture and of dull rather than
glossy or brilliant surface. Lustrous
satins are full of light and dark areas
that call attention to the thickness ot
the body they cover. For the sama
reason the darker colors are "thinning"
in their effects, especially blue and
blacfe.
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Use-For The
Schoolhouse
Coal Prices Advance
In England J
Schools   Belong   to   the   Community
anc; Were Built for Use
In  a certain     farm community in
eastern  Kansas  recently
was not growing right.
that neighborhood   was
doctor was needed.      A    progressive
farmer sent in a call for a doctor���
namely, the 'county agent.     Then hc
hunted up    thc school ditcclor    who
had the key to the district school and
telephoned  round  to     all  the neighbors  that on  Wednesday night next
there would bc an alfalfa meeting at
the  schoolhouse.
When the county agent ai rived hc
found evcry seat filled and almost
evcry square foot of standing room
occupied by a farmer. The agent
talked for 'forty-five minutes and
then questions were fired at him for
an hour and forty-five" minutes.
But this editorial is not about alfalfa or county agents. It is about
country schools in thc summer time.
For one school that is made use of
there arc two or maybe a-dozen that
arc not used at all. Now these schools
belong to the community, not-to some
crusty old fogy of a director. Thcy
wcrc built for use.
During thc war times, with Liberty
loans and Red Cross drives and seed-
corn campaigns, the co��*itry schools
were used more than ever before.
Many a countryside learned for thc
first time how convenient it was to
gather tlicrc instead of going five or
ten miles to town to attend a meeting. So how about ��� planning for
more cross-road school meetings this
summer? Take the wife and the boys
and gills along. Mix in some good
social times for young and old,
along wilh alfalfa meetings and such.
Then old Bill Smith will stop
grumbling at the high school taxes,
maybe. And perchance the weeds
will bc kept mowed and the pump in
.working order so that a thirsty traveller passing, along thai way can get
a drink when he stops.���From thc
Country Gentleman.
Britain's Huge Army
Still Has  Many Troops in Field in
Different Sections
London.���Rcuter's learns in regard
to British forces overseas that the
- army on the Rhine "numbers 206,000,
and the army, in France and Flanders
214,000, the lattcr_mainly for salvage
ftwork, also to supply thc line of communication for the Rhine army, of
which it is to act as reserve in the
event of further hostilities.
There aie 11,000 Britisii troops in
Italy, including troops for clearing up
��� purposes, and also a battalion forming part of the international garrison
.of Fiume.
There are in .India 44,000 British
troops, besides Indian- troops, also in-
" eluding 22,000 in thc Caucasus~"wi.th
thc object of keeping order ponding
the" establishment of peace conditions.
Thc recent troubles in Egypt and the
Unsettlemcnt in Asia Minor necessitates the rvrcsence of 96,000 men, including 10,000 Anzacs in Egypt and
Palestine.
Export .Industries   Declare   Advance
Means Shutting Down and
Unemployment
London.���Seldom     has any people
thc  alfalfa i received such a swift and vivid lesson
Thc crop inj in practical economics as the-British
sick and   a  government has given this nation by
the motion in thc house  that it was
raising thc price of coal six shillings
pcr ton.
Thc response has been immediate
and specific and comes fiom almost
every branch of industry in the kingdom���from shipbuilder, shipowners,
railway manufacturers, gas woiks,
and almost all soits of manufacturers
and industries down to laundries and
bakeries. ^They explain just what the
government order will cost their concerns and serve notice also that they
must pass the cost on to lhe buyers"
and consumers.
Great export industries declare that
thc increase in the price of coal will
handicap thcin in their competition/
with other countries and may mean,
in some instances, a stoppage of their
plants and inctcasc in unemployment.
The general public is told how
much thc higher price of coal -will
inflate living expenses. The government apparently meant this to bc an
object lesson as to what would result from lhc prevalent agitation for
higher wages and shorter working
hours.
It also seems to bc trying to throw
cold water on tlie campaign for the
nationalisation of industries by trying to show that government management docs not mean that wages
can bc increased and prices can be
decreased indefinitely. Labor has
taken up thc gauntlet immediately,
charging the government with wishing to kill thc plan of nationalization and also declaring lhal the government is favoring capitalists and
misrepresenting conditions by bungling bookkeeping.
During the last stages of the war
the governnipnt' was " running lhe
railroads at a loss, according to a
statement made before the House of
Commons by 'Sir Eric Gcddcs, minister of national service and rccon-
stiuction. This loss is estimated at
��60,000,000 steiling per year.
Tlic deficit in the" coal industry is
estimated at ��46,600,000. The subsidy on bread, that is lhc difference
between the cost of wheat and selling prices, amounts to ��50,000,000.
It is estimated that a ninepenny loaf
would cost a shilling if sold on an
uncontrolled market. Coal is in a
different category, because the government has fixed prices since it
took control of the mines and has
fixed them at a rate to permit the
weakest mines to make a profit.
Thc strongest mines madc large
profits, but eight pcr cent, of these
came back through the, excess profits
tax.
The government MioIdiTthal-llie "increase, of six shillings was necessitated by increased wages granted as a
result of thc report of thc commission headed by Sir John Sankey and
the falling off of production. Thc
present condition of the railways and
mines is thai there is government
control with private ownership.
Modern Appliances In New Telegraph Work Rooms
Where "Y.M." Was Born
History 2ay3 Movement Had Origin
in England
The Y.M.C.A. was founded in England by Sir George Williams, a London merchant. Williams' organization grew out of meetings he held for
prayer and Bible reading among his
fellow workers in a dry goods bus-
tncss_iiTThe_city_bE"LondonI and was
founded in 1844. Similar associations
had been in existence in Scotland at
a much earlier date. In 1824 David
Naismith started the Glasgow JToung
Men's Society for Religious Dnprovc-
ment, a movement which spread to
various parts of the United Kingdom,
France and America. Later the namc
was changed to Glasgow Young
Men's Christian Association. ��� Indianapolis News.
Improving Saskatchewan Herds
Saskatchewan farmers arc out to
improve tlicir herds whenever possible, and thc question of initial expense <?ocs not stand in their way
when   good  animals  arc  lo   be  had.
Employers of thc present day-have
found that lo provide rest, recreation
and hygiene, besides being the neighborly duly of the business owner or
manager to those of his fellow men
and women whose time and encigy
he purchases, is in the highest degree
profitable. "Kicking" on the part of"
an employee arises, as often as not,
from ill-health which can be avoided
by proper working conditions. The
picture shows thc women's rest room
in the new quarters of the C.P.R. telegraphs on Main street, near Portage
avenue, Winnipeg.
Looking closely at the apparatus
on the tables, in the third picture,
one will sec, sidc- by side, two machines���one wilh a keyboard like that
of a typewriter, the other with a little
type-bearing disc touching a platen.
These two machines are the two
halv.es, as it were, of one of the nioit
wonderful contrivances in existence ���
lhe automatic printer. Messages lapped off, letter by letter, on lhe keyboard of tlic first machine, are written out, by impulses which travel
thousands of miles over the wire, on
telegraph blanks slipped under Mlie
type-disc of lhe second machine. That
is to say, lhc keyboard machine rn the
picture may bc operating a type-disc
machine in Montreal; and" the type-
disc machine in thc picture may be
printing a message that is being tapped off on a keyboard machine in Calgary.
Tlie"operat!ng" room on-the second
floor of tlic new home of the C.P.R.
telegraphs is 132 feet deep and 28
feet wide. Immense windows in two
tiers, thc lower of clear glass and thc
(I)   C. P. R. Operators' Huge New Work-Room at Winnipeg.
(2)'   Girl Telegraphers During the Hour Off.
(3)    "The Automatic Printer" is Almost Human.
upper- opaque,-flood    the   apartment   main distributing rack for the drffcr-
wilh light by day; and by night a system  of indirect lighting gives ample
illumination  without glaic.      At Uie
back of tlie room     can  bc  seen  the
ent wires. Thc employees' comfort
and health has been lhc main consideration. Healthy operators means
good service.
Warning To Britain
Marshal  Foch  Urges. Britain  to  Be
Prepared for Future
Trouble
London.���"The next timc England
will bc in the same position as-'thc
last time���she will not be ready and
wc will have to wait for her," is a
statement made by Marsha! Foch, of
France, to a correspondent of the
Daily Mail, which prints aiTintcriicw
with the commander-in-chief of the
allied armies.
Marshal Foch, in the course of the
interview, however, pays highest
tribute to  the British  army,  saying:
"The militaiy history of the world
contains no parallel to thc production
of such an-army in such a way. In
every respect, the British army has
been superb."
Thc Marshal insists that Great
Britain should maintain largc reserves of military material, saying:
"Thai is one of the obvious and indispensable precautions to bc Liken."
"Look al thc oul-of-date equipment v.ith which     wc    started    this
war," the Marshal is quoted as sav-
This truth was again illustrated a few  ing. "The next war will he more lhan
days'ago when E. E. Bellamy, a far-j ever one of machinery.    You should
mcr    of    Stranraer,     Saskatchewan,  have laboratories  with  inventors  al-
brought home a number'of Hereford' ways at work keeping abreast of tiie
>attle which hc had purchased at thc J mechanical side of war."
sale of thc  famous McCray herd atl ���	
Kcntland,   Indiana,   where  thc   stock! '      The Monocle
was disposed of at an average price J    The   monorle, -or  single  eye-glass, all branches  of the military services
of $58000 a  head.    Ahiong Mr.  Bel-j associated iu th.e minds of the world and atl walks of life, as was indicat-
laniy's purchases wetc a fine yearling'with a rather affected type of Eng- cd by the variety of their civilian attire. They made no effort to main-
lain military formation, but marched i
Victory Parade in Paris
Wounded a��d Broken Warriors Held
Position of Honor
Paris.���The conquerors in tlie great
war marched in a victory parade under the Arc de Triomphe, through
which only victors may pass. Picket
units and individual heroes represented each"of ihe allied armies. Sevetal
million guileful persons, mostly
French, but with many thousands of
their allies, struggled along the line
of march for an opportunity lo wave
and shout their gratitude to_lhe_men
who saved them from German imperialism.
The great triumphal arch, conceived by Napoleon to commemorate
his victory at the battle of Ausler-
litz, took on ncw historic importance, when the allies "marched
through the niasshe pile of masonry
which dominates all Paris and moved down the Champs Elsces low aid
thc riacc de la Coucoide.
Thc place of honor in the pioces-
sion was not accorded lo the general.-,
and thc smartly equipped troops. It
was given to tlic thousands of mutilated soldiers, who passed under the
arch and in front of the reviewing
stand, where stood President Poin-
cairc, moving, haltingly and out of
step,  as best  thcy could.
Many were injured ��� some were
blind���sonic were-in wheel chairs,
and others were on crutches or limp
ed along with the aid of canes. Few
of them were in uniform. Thcy represented all the provinces of France,
The Moon On Growth
The Gentle Bolshevik
Growers  Becoming  Better  Informed
Regarding Crop Production
^ Undoubtedly there are gardeners
ancl farmcis who believe in legtilat-
ing their operations by the signs of
the moon. Inquiries are received
from time to time by the experiment
stations from sincere growers who
want to know what is the best lime,
according to moon signs, for the
planting of certain eiops or the performance of various gardening operations. -It is regrettable-that we-liave
any soil lilleis who take any slock
in such ideas. I think the percentage of giowets who are thus governed is exceedingly small. Our giowets are becoming better informed every year icgarding  the essentials of j
Barbarism Recognized No Claim of
Age or Religious Sanctity
ft is impossible lo do justice to
Consul Embry's account of the Siberian atrocities by any brief summary. It is the appalling volume of
horrors, as well as their barbarous
character, that makes the story so
frightful. One item may, however,
serve to give an idea of tlie extent of
the murderous slaughter:
Kuigan is a city of perhaps 35,000
pebple7 "TtT foo, 'was" one "of the"cities'
liberated by thc Kolchak advance. I
officially know it to bc a fact that
while in control of lhat city the Bolsheviki murdered at one time���that
i��, at a single wholesale execution���
more lhan    1,500    citizens    of    that
ce
successful  crop production,  and  tlicy fpia
realize that il is  far more important J    other   passages are  more  liorrify-
to plant in a soil full of plantfood andjjn��,  \)CCMlse.  tiicy cntCr into  the de-
inoisturc than in lhe full of the moon.
���R. L. Walts, m Fanncib* Magazine.
tails   of   thc  barbarism���a  barbarism
that recognized no claim of age, or
sex, or  personal   worth, or  religious
sanctity.    And yet wc shall doubtless
continue   to  1>c  told  by  thc  heralds
Nearly   a   Million   Pounds   Will   Be of  the new day that  everything we
Shipped  From Province \ read about  Bolshevik atrocity' is the
This  Year j product of thc lying capitalist press.
This year nearly a million  pounds;���Prom the Ncw Vork Review.
Saskatchewan Wool Crop
Be
of wool will be shipped fiom Saskatchewan as against somewhat over
seven hundred thousand pounds last
year. 'Preliminary receipts at the co-
operathe branch of th
of Agriculture through which branch
bull, for which hc paid $7,000, a cowjHshman, was introduced at thc Con-
which cost him $3,500, and two heifers  grcss of Vienna.   A Dutch exquisite.
purchased for $2,000 apiece.
f?4
Securities Forffcrtcd
London, Eng.���Securities valued
at ��400,000 belonging to former King
Ferdinand of Bulgaria, which havo
been in London since the beginning
of the war, were declared forfeited
.'.to the. Crown. "'The for.feitsire'"    was
made after prpcccdirc^. --i:- -_-----' ...
-missioncr and.'a' jury.' '," ' y .
,   "Your singer-'lias a -fine range." But
'can. she.-manage,it?"-.--'/,   -
"She ought to..   She used-to-be-='3
cook.'*���-San .Francisco, Chronicle!. ���
.Lives s.t great men- all remind .us
..fcow Wjii is. not to-achieve-grc.at-
��� nest, .-' -'.. -'X ' '
Jonkhccr     Breelc,     appeared  before J as well as thcy could to the airs play
thc assembled diplomats with a glass j cd by the band which led iheiii.
in one eje. j     Great crowds filled every    inch    of]
The fad spread to-all parts of En-j space in thc many s-trccts and boule-j ^".^
rope,    but took its deepest    hold    in ^ards lhat commanded a \icw ot the,)l,0s,e
.. ; _, , ,   * Creek.
line- ot marcn. Balconies were packed and roofs were black with people.
Many hung iiTTite- trees which line the
boulevards.- V  '- -"'."> . ,-' -,-' ""..'-.
a large part of thc wool of the far
mers uf Saskatchewan i>> sold, indi-f dangerous,
catc that about five hundred thousand
pounds of wool will be handled Ly
this branch during tlie ne\.t few-
weeks. This is an increase of 100.000
pounds  oier last  year's   total.     The
Danger  Not  Proved
"This sromi to be a very dangerous
precipice," remarked a    tourist.      "I
Department wonder lhat they havc not put up a
warning board."
"Yes," answered the guide.    "It is
They   kept   a warning
hoard np for two ycars, but no one
fell over, so it was taken down!"
The Cook's Sacrifice
���'But, iny dear," said the wife, after
J rest of Saskatchewan's wool output is  },<. \^\    complained about    thc food
'handled by^ tlie Soul hern  Sa=k.itchc-  th,- ncw   cook  had  brought  in, "3-ou
A>'"jcutiop'lk"ow, dnrinsr these terrible time*, it
->1*>!
England. With some men wc must
in fairness admit that it is not merely a fad, for in their case only one
eye needs a' glass.." '      -.      '   - .
��� - Mrs., Gilder:,.Yes, 'I.-had an- awful'
fright "the -other .night.' I heard .a
noise and got up, .and.there from un-
'���'-"'" Whale .Fat In Margarine.   ���' ���
, Whale'fat-is'being~us.ed in the.manufacture of. margarine in. Xor way and
Wool     Growers
headquarters'^arc    at    Alaplelj, absolutely necessary that we make
.As Ike Jlocks ir. the territory I great sacririccs."
"Oh, of course, hut what I object
is that cook's making hers in thc
form of a burnt offering."
served by this association ha\ c had ;<
fair increase since last clipping, there
will.be -a corresponding increase in
the quantity of wool handled.
:.  When'a girl thinks a young rr
almost good'enough  for her,  s
an is
he  is {
der thc.bed I'sawVa man's'feet stick-: Denmark. The product is said tojcccpf*"^''t0.t,,ink he is to�� good for an*
ing '-oiit'. -:'.--,'    .;   X   y.^ [     j and  taste welL    Whale  fat.is'cven|ot^r Slrl"    '*
.   Visitor:    Mercy!     ' The-'. burglar's\better''suited-for"making."lard. ,,It,'is ~
i.eef.'' ..'.._'-'.:''.-_   ���      -''..- ! said'that-experiments are in progress;
iir;. Gilder: "Jfo,-my'dear,'irry-hus"-! in the United'"States"'to -determine the.
*a
��� *���-���- 1
^cit-made
���.ces.t<>r=.
::t;i never beast
baadVfcct- ' lie-Lad
before I did-
ard tiie noise I possibility of making Esh oils -saltable'} ~
Will Stabilize
Grain Trade
Fixed    Minimum    Price    for    New
Wheat Crop Will Have Good
Effect,  Is  Opinion
That thc intention of the Canadian
government to fix a minimum price
for the 1919-20 wheat crop will havc
the effect of stabilizing the whole
grain market, and will at the same
time give the Canadian farmer confidence that he will receive a fair
price for his wheat, no matter what
conditions may arise before the surplus is exported, was the general opinion expressed by President F. J.
Anderson and several other members
of the Winnipeg Grain Exchange.
It is not known definitely vxt present what the minimum price will bc,
but many believe it will be around
the $2.00 mark. The trade at the
present time is inclined to be bullish,
taking into consideration the demands of Euiope, and believe that
lhc open market will bring prices
considerably higher than  this figure,
Thc only serious difficulty that is
worrying the grain tiade is the matter of transportation across the ocean
and might havc thc effect of lowering
the price greatly if thc Canadian
markets became glutted wilh no outlet for our surplus wheat. In such
an event taking place, thc Dominion
government will bc prepared to step
into the market and take all wheat
offerings at the minimum price as
fixed by themselves, and hold until
such times as tonnage can be secured.
Thc fixed price for wheat in the
United Slates will remain as it is at
present, being based on $2.26 at Chicago. The increase lo $2.30 per
bushel at Galveston and Ncw Or-
leans is only an equalization in
freight differences.
There is little lo fear thai the United Stales government will sell this
wheat at one cent lower lhan can possibly be helped, and will endeavor to
make their loss as small as possible.
This they will bc able to do by giving credit to those countries who arc
unable to paj' cash.
The U.S. government have also
placed an embargo on all wheal and
wheat flour being imporLed into that
country, which will prohibit foreign
wheat from sharing in the high
prices, ancl, will undoubtedly increase
the, difficulties of transporting the
Canadian surplus.
It is thc general opinion that this
question will find a solution, and that
Great Biitain will supply the tonnage
and take any Canadian wheat that
the country may have for export. ���
Winnipeg. Free Press.
Rescued From Ypres
Officer  Cut  Pictures   Out  of  Their
> Frames and Took Them
to London
The King of thc Belgians will
shortly have returned to him two famous pictures which were rescued
four years ago from Ypres Cathedral.
Itcappcars that during the bombardment of Ypres in 191o a young artillery officer noticed inside the cathedral, which was being heavily shelled,
that thc only things not shattered by
German fire were two large Flemish
masters, dated 1600, hanging some 20
feet high on the walls. How to get
them and save thcm for Belgium was
thc question which immediately presented itself. Thc-officer' called two
private soldiers lo help him, and with
the aid of some long gas pipes which
had been blown down by the German
fire, and two large hooks .the,pictures
were lowered" to tlie~grbund. The
officer, Lieut. Daniels, R.A., then cut
the pictures out of their frames and
put them in a large sack, which he
used for a time as a bed. In the end
he took them to London,, where, witli
the approval of the Belgian minister,
they hare been placed on exhibition,
prior to being returned to King Albert at Brussels.
Canada's Population
The average density of thc population of the Dominion is 1.93 persons per square mile, calculated upon
the total area of 3,739,665 square
miles. The density per square mile
of the United States is 30.69, that of
the Argentine Republic 5.99, Australia
1.53, New Zealand 9.63, and Newfoundland 1.47. Prince Edward
Island has a density of 42.21, Nova
Scotia of 22.98, New Brunswick 12.61,
Ontario of 9.67, Manitoba of 6.18,
and Quebec of 5.69, The other three
provinces ���. Saskatchewan, Alberta
and British Columbia���are below 2
pcr square mile.
na.
The Transformation "
Still ConiiniM*
*:y??m
Breweries and Distilleries Are Being-
Converted In^o Factories
All over Ontario premises tlwfe.
were formerly used for thc manufao*'"
turc or sale of intoxicants are being-
changed into buildings for other useful purposes. Breweries and distilV
lerics are being converted into factories or storage houses;-bar rooms .
into drug stores or banks; liquor,
stores into groceries or bakeries.       ���  '
This is occurring all over the province, with a resultant improvement
in the appearance of many streets ia '
the towns and villages, and the moral
betterment of the community as a
whole.
The' same thing is already in progress in thc United States. The National Advocate reports that a brewery in Flint, Michigan, has become a
church, one in Aberdeen, Wash., has
become a' clam cannery; one in Spokane is making vinegar; one in Mobile is making syrup and stock feed
from watermelon; one in Iowa City
is making butter; one in North Yakima is manufacturing byproducts
of fruit; one in Lansing is making
auto paits; one in Peoria, 111., is
grinding corn meal; one in Rhodo
Island is producing moving pictures;
one in Seattle is turning rice into syrup; one in Chicago is a hospital, and
another is a soft drink factory; one
in Salem, Ore., is now making loganberry juice; one in Washington, Pa.,
is making paints, oils and varnish;
one in Wheeling is packing meat, and
several others are in the dairy business. Thc huge Anhcuscr-Busr.li
brewing plant in St. Louis, according
to report, is to bc converted soon
into a packing plant establishment;
one in Kansas City is passing into thc
hands of a food products concern.
Many of these establishments now
employ more workers than when in
the beer business.
t If we add to these wonderful changes for the better thc number of men ���
who  have  been   withdrawn  from     a
haimful business and engaged in use- .
ful occupations, and'add to that, the,
foodstuffs that were turned into poi-   '
son,-but now go to feed thc'people,
we will get a glimpse of some of the
blessings  that  follow  prohibition. ���
H. Arnott, M.B., M.C.P.S.
���Jr.,
. s >y-j-i**,
. \', -.4-wSi
-~x<xm
-���-X*XJ
, x?M
--."J';-'
^ .'Si
yr-iM
' \x-&\
,y����
y?\\
. ^ " fv I
xj-.t~
xiiy, ���
Carson Incites Revolt
- j .
">'"ii
''*Hf5_)r
X &&���/
'- 7��o
,.,������ *f%
" '*~X"\
To Preserve His Letters
As many of the letters written from
thc trenches by loved ones now no
more were in pencil, _the following
method pf preserving . the^ legibility
of pencil writing is valuable.
Steam thc letter until quite limp,
then brush over with a solution composed of equal parts of milk and
-water. Hang it up until nearly dry.
Then press it between two sheets of
blotting paper with a hot iron.
��� r
for use in. tlie-:hunian dietary,
W.
N.
U.
1274
Platinum Find Starts Stampede
Valdcz,    Alaska.���Reported discovery of-pliiinum deposits about eight
rrdles  froin   Valdc?, or.  the route  of
the Tar.ana
sniil!~ stamped
the    only    s
Alaska's history-R-he-e many, of. the home undefeated  by lhe  enemy re-
i rtarr.peders linve gone- to the distr:et main devoted to you in unchanging
jo: discovery >:i autoaiob?rt��. j fidelity."
Threatening in Extremity to Call Out
Ulster Volunteers >���
London. ��� Sir -.Edward    Carson's
speech    condemning    the    dominion
home   rule- scheme  for  Ireland  and'
threatening in  extremity to  call out
the Ulster volunteers, was mentioned .
in the Commons, but the Ulster lea-���.
der is unrepentant and   made anothery
speech acknowledging his   -views  as
given in thc press.   He is again sub-'r
ject to newspaper comment.
The Times calls upon thc government to do something, and says that ~
Carson has conferred a charter    ot
lawlessness upon others   who dislike '
the present state of things.
Thc Daily    Express    says  Carson >
must know that  Great Britain  does/-^-'""^?-.,
not dream  of  inflicting injustice  0:1 X-
Ulster.    It is perilous in these times
to talk of revolt, and it is amazing,
such talk should come from Sir Ed-
-ward Carson, the paper conclude*.
The Manchester Guardian "thinks
the speech could be heavily punished
under the defence of the realm l*w."
It is obvious, it says, that what '��
sauce for the goose is sauce for tho -
gander, and if this kind of incendiarism is permitted on one side, it cannot be punished on thc other.
The   -Morning Post,   the   uncom-  ���
pr"ornising~bpp6hent��� of^the-separa-~
tion policy, applauds the speech.     It
says:
"We know from Carson that dom- -,
inion home rule i3 no more accept- *-
able to Ulster than it is among the
Sinn Feiners,    It is applauded only
by those who arc utterly discredited
cither In England or in Ireland *nd   ,
who, if they had the power to Impose the    scheme, would    certainly
lack the power to    make it    work.
Dominion home rule has no perceptible advantages over the Home Rttta
Act now In suspense, and lis regard   .
to the  fact that  it is Impossible to
find either among its- authors or its
beneficiaries any single person to say
a word for it
zM
���V->il
-: M
'VJj
Continued Terrorism by Bsla JCoa
Copenhagen, Denmark���The Berliner Tageblatt states that in const*
quence of continued terrorism by
Bela Kun, Foreign Minister of th*
Soviet government in Hungary, th��
Italian government intervened on behalf of the allied powers, demanding
that all political prisoners be placed
under the latter1* protection. Tfef
Soviet government thereupon took -
prompt action and put an end to executions. It fs reported tbat a few
thousand allied troops are to be sent
to Budapest as a policing force.
Alberta Wool Brings High Prices
As was anticipated, farmers are receiving very satisfactory prices;    foe
their wool this season.   During   th��
last xveek in June three cars forward-'
ed by the Southern    Albert*    Wool
..., r     ���   ���    ,       ���. Growers'Association-were sold in tfce
Fidelity Pledged to Vo�� Hindenburg East> thc c<mIents   of   two of
London.  Eng.���A German wireless bringing an average pries of 66 cent*
message gives thc text of a manifesto.! oor.nd   and the other   S3 cento a
The latter price is about twi>
-.rgher than was- obtained las* " XM.
Xo vise woman trusts * tmn "W��V.v^_i
tr.ists io luck. -
*V THE LEDGE, GREENWOOD, B. G
^^B^^^^B^W^^^^^^^^^^^��^^^^^^
i>a'--'iV<-i'fiffi?l
It
�����
r
If
Cures Constipation
In A Sensible Way
They   Work While   You Sleep-
Cost Only a Quarter���And
Really Bring Lasting
Results
. It only takes one night to prove the
wonder-working power of Dr. Hamilton's Pills. _ They are the smoothest,
easiest acting laxative yet devised,
the kind that a child or delicate woman can use with comfort.
You can cure costiveness quickly,
surely and safely with Dr. Hamilton's
Pills.
Headaches you can banish for all
time.
Impaired digestion you can promptly restore.
Loss of appetite is replaced hy a
keen desire to eat.
The blood is enriched and reddened, in consequence you are given ncw
strength and vital  energy.
Folks who arc half sick, sort of
run down, lacking in spirits ancl energy, those who find a day's toil exhausts mind and body���these are the
people who can bc restored by Hamilton's Pills lo vigorous health that
will outlast old age. Get a few 25c
boxes of Hamilton's Pills today. Sold
everywhere.
#T
Filling His
Own Shoes
%
BY
HENRY G. ROWLAND
K(-
Copyrighted. Printed by special
arrangement with Thos. Allen,
Toronto.
(Continued.)
CHAPTER III.
On returning to his room that evening, Ruggles spent a good half-hour
in serious and steady contemplation
of his favorite portrait of Ruth Downing���a half-page reproduction of a
photograph that he had clipped from
"Town and Country," and which represented that charming girl in thc
act of serving in a tennis tournament.
"I guess she was sort of disappointed in me," mused Rugglcs to
himself. "Shc thinks I'm just an unambitious little mutt that's satisfied
to go on for thc rest of my life dowii
on my knees with a shoe-horn and a
button-hook, fitting shoes. Well, I'll
show her!"
Thereupon he produced some
sheets of the store's official correspondence paper kindly furnished him
by the pretty stenographer (who
cherished secretly a tender sentiment
for the clean-cut young American)
and proceeded to compose an excellent businesslike, letter to the European general manager, stating his
qualifications, recalling thc faithful
ncss, not only of his own service, but
that of his father before him, and
making his official application for the
management of the ncw Vienna retail
store. In this letter, he stated that
he had mastered thc French language
sufficiently for all practical purposes
in six months' time���a pardonable exaggeration���and that having a natu
xal gift for languages, he hoped to be
able to accomplish as much with German, the study of which tongue he
proposed to begin at once.
To this letter Ruggles had no difficulty in persuading Durand, his own
immediate chief, to write a sufficiently commendatory endorsement, Durand had no friend or relative of his
own eligible for the position, and
Rugglcs was the only member of his
own force whom he did not actually
dislike or by whom hc did not feel
himself disliked in return. Consistently with his narrow nature, he was
inclined to resent thc fact that the
-honor of receiving tlfc Downings- had
devolved upon Ruggles and not upon
himself, and showed a disposition to
be disagreeable at not having .been
sent for post-haste on the arrival of
the probable future president of the
company and his sister. But on Rug-
gles's explanation that thcy were
pressed for time, Durand was sufficiently mollified lo write a perfectly-
fair endorsement, reflecting as hc did
so that if at any time in thc immediate future he had occasion to be
displeased with Rugglcs, hc could
always send an unofficial letter stating that subsequent events had led
him to believe that Rugglcs 'was
scarcely thc man to fill the important
position of local manager to thc best
interests-of thc company.
Before the end of the %veek Rugglcs received a courteous reply from
thc European general manager say-
. ing that.his application had been duly
received, approved and forwarded
with the proper endorsement to thc
home office. He was pleased, also,
-to commend Ruggles's ambition, and
trusted that liis years of,faithful service might soon meet with their due
reward, as thc retail stores in Great
Britain, France and Italy had proved
so successful that there was every
prospect of establishing others in
Austria and Switzerland within thc
coming ycar.
Aftcr reading this letter Ruggles's
face shone with such a radiant light
that the customers he waited on were
loath to leave the store, and to one
���    ��� - '" " ���    " '���"��
f
}
Rests, Bsfresies, Soolftes,
Seals���Keep your Eyes
busy man running in to replace a
broken shoe-lacing he sold two pairs
of shoes, a pair of pumps, a dozen
pairs of socks, two tins of polish, and
a pair of down-east garters. Ruggles' zeal was irresistible. He felt
that his beloved company had proved
its title to good faith with a loyal
employee and the recognition of earnest effort on the part of two generations of the Ruggles family. To
Ruggles, in his exalted state, its precepts seemed almost Biblical. "Well
done, thou good and faithful servant,"
read the message in the letter. "Thou
hast been faithful over a few things;
I will make thee ruler over many
things."
The truth of the matter was that
the Walkeasy Shoe Company of America, like other big industrial enterprises which have reached a high
mark in the world of trade, owed
much of its success to that essential
factor of all successful organizations,
thc faculty of putting the right man
in thc right place. Whether it be thc
administration of church or state, empire or democracy, district or borough, community or family, this fundamental principle of cohesion is necessary to success. All of the world's
great organizers, from St. Peter to
Carnegie (which is a long cry), havc
been endowed with this genius. A
careful selection of bishops with a
talent on thc part of the said bishops
for selecting other foremen, who may
in turn bc able to distinguish the
skilled workman able to weld sculs
or iron, may be productive of tremendous results, always provided
that the material is properly selected.
Then, as though thc star of Ruggles's fortunes was at last to shine
bright and clear through the dissipating mists of mediocrity, there
came a change in the personnel of
the establishment which seemed to
the boy as though ordained by Providence to further his interests, while
at thc same time proving of benefit
to others. Ruggles's principal chum
and particular friend had been a
young man of his own age, a fellow
salesman named Simon Streletski,
who was a French Hebrew with a
decided talent for painting. On Sundays and holidays, Ruggles and Streletski had frequently madc short
tours on their bicycles to different
picturesque points in the environs of
Paris, where, after their picnic lun
cheon under the trees on the bank
of thc Seine, Streletski would make
charming little studies and sketches
for which he was now beginning to
find a good market. Thus encouraged, he resigned his position with the
company to devote himself entirely
to painting, and his place was filled
by a tall, gaunt Viennese, silent and
spectacled, who spoke good French,
Spanish and Italian, besides his native tongue, of course, but whose
English was most indifferent. Learning that his colleague was eager to
perfect himself in this tongue, Rug
gles, who for lack of time and opportunity was making poor progress
with his German, suggested that they
exchange lessons, to which the Austrian, whose namc was Lorenz, readily agreed.
Wherefore, thc two foregathered
as opportunity " offered, whether-in
their own rooms or in rambles
about the city. Herr Lorenz was not
a particularly congenial companion,
being gloomy and saturnine and of
ten critical- to the point of rudeness.
Also, he was of a miserly disposition, and it was invariably Ruggles
who paid thc tram or bus fares, for
thc coffee that they sipped.in front
of some cafe, or for an occasional
text book. Lorenz had a^habit of
setting out with no money in his
pockets. But Rugglcs did not object.
It is doubtful if hc even noticed this
peculiarity oii_ the. part of his fellow
student.
Lorenz, however, proved an excellent teacher, and Ruggles made rapid progress. The conversations of
the two wcrc alternately in English
and German, with French to fall back
upon when cither was at a loss. In
thc course of this association Ruggles
confided to Lorenz his motive for
mastering _ the German tongue as
quickly as possible, at 'which thc Austrian asked a few pertinent questions
in regard, to Ruggles's reasons for
being so sure that he. stood in the
direct line of promotion. On hearing
thc situation explained with thc buoyant optimism characteristic of his
comrade, Lorenz became gloomily
distrait for several minutes. Following this period of distraction, he returned to his English' with increased
application. The next day- he made
himself disliked in' thc store by reason
of certain fawning assiduities directed toward. Durand," who, however,
appeared to accept these attentions
as his natural due, and rendered for
the first timc by one who was sufficiently intelligent to understand the
relative positions between manager
and salesman. Thereafter he patronized Lorenz, but favored him. If
Lorenz sent a, pncumalique to say
that he was laid up with a sore throat
Durand had been lenient in the extreme. When, on thc contrary, Simon
Streletski had got a bad spill on his
bicycle and hurt his knee,. Durand
had,been, as,thc pretty French typewriter (who loathed him with reason), declared: "Tout cc qu'ii y a de
! mediant."
Miss Challand had asked Rugglcs
they were very poor in this world's
goods, for Miss Challand had mentioned their circumstances with the
same indifference' that one might use
in speaking of a spell of bad weather.
But it had been immediately evident
to Ruggles, who had madc a considerable study of human nature ��� as
seen over the top of his shoe-horn���
that his new friends were ladies of
birth and distinction whose poverty
was in no wa;, commensurate with
their breeding and connections. Miss
Challand was the niece of a lord bishop, and Darthea was the orphan
daughter of the late Captain West-
brooke, of the British army.
Ruggles, who liked and respected
them both extremely, wondered if
perhaps he ought not to state frankly his own position in life. Had the
opportunity offered, he might have
done so, with perhaps the information that the company owed its present great success to the mechanical
inventions of his father, but that, owing to this parent's lack of business
ability, he, Rugglcs, had been obliged to begin with a subordinate position and to work his way up. But
as neither lady showed the slightest
curiosity in regard to his personal
affairs���thcy fearing that possibly hc
might bc "in trade" and preferring to
accept him on his obvious merits���
Ruggles held his peace.
For since    his meeting with Ruth
Downing,    ambition    had .seized his
soul, to shake it as the swift current
of thc Marne shakes a reed.
(To Be Continued.)
London Overcrowded
Streets    Are Jammed With    Joyous
People Out for a Life's
Holiday
London is crowded as never before.
From all over the kingdom come
men and women���nice, simple, honest people���out of thc war, and out
of work, and out to see life. Some of
them walk thc streets at night, looking for beds. And all are crowded
into close quarters. Rents are preposterous. The bonus on a twelve
years' lease with seven years yet to
run on a fiat���not a house, mind you,
but a flat���in a good neighborhood
sold recently at auction for $100,0001
Money docs not mean anything.
The streets of the town are jammed;
thc buses arc packed, the subways
crowded with joyous people out for a
life's holiday! The gardens are going to weeds, while thc gardener and
his wife���or his lady friend, as the
case may bc���spend thc little war
fund or the unemployment allotment
that is their due. And no one begrudges thcm the happiness thcy get.
They will tell you they are going
back to work "soon," and they arc.
They arc hard-working people who
havc been through a,great trial. Thc
man has been living in thc trenches
four years.
At night in his sleep���even in his
sleep on his new wedding journey ���
he has his go at thc Germans. Hard
ly a wife in England who has not
been kicked out of bed by a mad
somnambulist warding off raids or
going after Fritz.
It is a common breakfast story of
England, this story of the man who
had his go at the enemy over night.
His nervous system is really disorganized. He genuinely needs rest. Instinctively, hc is seeking health.���By
William Allen White.
LISTEN TO THIS!
SAYS CORNS LIFT
RIGHT OUT NOW
You reckless men and women who
are pestered with corns and who have
at least once a week invited an awful
death from lockjaw or blood poison
are now told by a Cincinnati authority to use a drug called freezone,
which the_moment a few drops are
applied to any corn, the soreness is
relieved and soon the entire corn,
root and all, lifts out with the fingers.
It is a sticky ether compound which
dries the moment it is applied and
simply shrivels the corn without inflaming or even irritating the surrounding tissue or skin. It is claimed that a quarter of an ounce of
frcezone will cost very little at any
of thc drug stores, but is sufficient
to rid one's feet of every hard or sofr
corn or callus.
_ You arc  further warned  that cut
ting at a corn is a suicidal habit.
Postal Workers
Protest Dismissal
Huns Seeking Trade
With Russian Soviet
Also Negotiate With New York
Banks to Establish Credit
London.���The German government
is believed to bc trying to establish
trade relations with soviet Russia,
and a German mission has visited
Russia, or is about to do so, Cecil
Harmsworth, undcr-secrctary, told
thc House of Commons.
Mr. Harmsworth said hc had no
exact information on the matter, but
stated: "I believe it to be thc case
that thc German government is endeavoring to enter into trade relations with soviet Russia and that a
German industrial and commercial
mission has visited, or is about to
visit, soviet Russia."
New York. ��� Officials of thc
Deutsche Bank of Berlin have started negotiations with New York banks
for establishment of credits for the
benefit of German interests here. It
is understood that the Deutsche bank
officials arc not acting for themselves
alone, but arc thc spokesmen for the
German government and the proposed German banking "kartel," which
is being formed. Bankers have been
given to understand that the amount
is considerable, with $30,000,000 to
$50,000,000 for a beginning.
Deny Their Strike at Winnipeg Due
to Sympathy With Soviet
Ideas
Winnipeg.���Representatives of the
Postal Workers' Union appeared before thc Robson commission and
madc a statement protesting against
the discrimination shown by thc government in not reinstating the workers who had been on strike, and also
putting on the record of the commission an emphatic denial that the postal workers, in declaring for the
sympathetic strike, did so to support
a movement for a soviet form of government in this city, or for any reactionary principles of an unconstitutional nature.
The statement was made by J. A.
Elrick, general secretary of the Postal Workers' Union, who was supported by J. B. Johnson, one of "the
delegates who went to Ottawa, and
W. J. Boyd, a member of the executive of the union.
Ernest Robinson, secretary of the
Trades and Labor Council of Winnipeg, also appeared before the commission and made a statement in
which he condemned the discrimination being shown by employers in
Winnipeg���including the city of Winnipeg���against men wdio had held official positions in the unions before
the strike, and who had been strikers.
The witnesses were cross-examined by C. B. Wilson, K.C., who is assisting Commissioner Robson in taking evidence. None of them, however, were placed under oath.
Watering Farm Horses
Farmers Should Take Water Into the
Field
Walter Moore, a well-known writer, says:
"It is a common thing for farmers
to work their horses in thc hayfield
from- morning- to night, watering
them only at noon. This is done
even on days of excessive heat. The
driver usually has two or more refreshing drinks in the middle of the
morning,'and again in the afternoon;
but the horses, who are equally as
thirsty, go without. This want of
water is not only distressing, but it
causes the horses to drink to excess
at noon and again at night, which often results in colic, and always tends
to produce a distended stomach, or
what farmers call a 'hay belly.' Farmers who would treat their horses
humanely should take water into the
field for them in hot weather."
English Women In Movies
Prominent War Workers Go Before
Camera
Cinema acting as a spare-time occupation, according to the London
Weekly Dispatch, has become the
mania of women formerly engaged
in war charities.
Elaborately attired in evening toilettes, thcy may be seen thronging to
cinema studios at early hours, offering piquant contrast with the ovcrajls
and fustian of other wage-earners.
Among recent recruits are Mrs.
James Maitland Macgill-Crichton and
Mrs: Arthur Hamilton, daughter of
the late Sir Charles Fairlie-Cunning-
hame. Even a certain member of
parliament has booked up for a part
as an elderly gentleman.
The Hero Of Delhi
China and Modern War Engines
Peking.���An expedition for the defence of the northwestern frontiers
against General SemenofFs alleged
aggression there'is, perhaps, China's
most modern military effort.
Five thousand troops drawn from
contingents trained by the Japanese
for the national defence army are being dispatched toward Urga. For the
first timc in Chinese history, automobiles in large numbers are being employed for the transportation of
troops." It is expected jthat .airplanes
also will be utilized.
Strong and" Healthy: If jt0 caIJ* an<* Rugglcs had done so, to
theyTirejSffiart;Itdi,or;find the two ladies installed in a tiny
studio apartment on the gardens of
the Luxembourg.      He had already
discovered, while lunching with them
Burn, if Sore, Irritated,'
' Inflamed or Granulated,
use Murine often. Safe for Infant or Adult
At aE Druggists in Canada. Write for Free
Eye Book. MariaeC#isp3Byeefe!��f��,U.S.i. in their little hotel on the Marne, that .pick the wrong horse in a race.
Cooperative Live Stock Market
Farmers and others interested in
thc live stock industry in the country
surrounding Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, are about to establish a co-operative company for the handling of
livestock in that city. Thc activities
of the company will include public
stockyards, abbatoirs, chilling plants
and all utilities necessary for thc development of livestock and kindred industries, and it will be capitalized at
$500,000.
' It is estimated that about three
thousand carloads, of cattle pass
through Saskatoon to Winnipeg every
year, so there is plenty of scope for
an undertaking of this kind..
Up to Her
The young thing wafted into the
photographer's and was taken up to
the studio.
"I want my photo taken," she simpered. "You'll make me pretty, won't
you?"
Thc photographer grunted.
. "You'll  see' that  it's a good  likeness, won't you?" urged thc girl.
"Well, madam," said the man, "it's
for you to decide which it shall be."
Veteran Soldier Who Earned Lasting
Remembrance Died Recently
Today the Indian mutiny appears
so distant as almost to be ancient
history. Many of its episodes, however, rank among the more glorious
achievements of thc Britisii army,
and one of thcm was recalled the
other day by the announcement of
the death in Toronto of Luke Alfred
Smith, a veteran soldier who earned
lasting remembrance as one of the
few survivors of the gallant, forlorn
hope that blew up the Cashmere Gate
of Delhi. That city, since the great
Durbar of 1911, held by the present
King, the capital of India, was the
stronghold of the mutineers, and its
reduction became the key to the situation. Invested in June, 1857, by a
small British force, whose numbers
were later increased by reinforcements dispatched from the Punjab,
which had beeu pacified and rendered
friendly by thc efforts of its wise
administrator, John, afterwards Lord
Lawrence, the city held out till September, lis fall was mainly due to
the forlorn hope, composed of Lieutenants Home and Salkeld, Sergeants
Smith and Carmichael.'Corporal Burgess, Bugler Hawthorne and eight
Sikhs.
Delhi was strongly fortified by an
immense wall, protected by a deep
ditch, divided by causeways providing
access to the gates. The causew'ays
had been ruined and the walls themselves proved almost impregnable. In
these circumstances the desperate resolution was taken to b!owr up. the
Cashmere gale. Each of the volunteer party carried a bag with twenty-
five pounds of gunpowder, and the
ruined causeway was crossed under
heavy fire. Piling their bags against
the gate, Lieutenant Salkeld was shot
through thc arm and leg while lighting thc fuse* His place was taken
by Burgess, who was shot dead. Car-
michael sprang lo the bags, also to
fall mortally wounded. Smith" then
ran_fojnvard,_but, observing_that_ _the
fuse had been lit, hc had just timc
to spring into thc ditch when the
charge exploded with a tremendous
crash and the massive gate blew up.
Bugler Hawthorne then sounded thc
advance, and thc storming party, after desperate fighting, succeeded in
establishing a hold on the ramparts.
It was a stirring deed that will ever
be featured in thc annals of thc Indian Empire.���St. Thomas Times-
Journal.
Unusual State Of
Art In Japan
Realizing More Than Half a Million
' Dollars in Gold
Tokio, Japan.���The greatest art
sale of thc year in Nippon took place
recently in this city, when thc treasures of Marquis Ikcda, thc feudal
lord of Inaba Province, wcrc sold at
thc Tokio Fine Art Club, realizing an
enormous sum of 1,050,000 yen���
more .than half a'million American
dollars in gold. The sale consisted
of 560 items, comprising paintings,
lacquer and porcelain wares, armors
and swords, and costumes, and masks
of thc "No" drama.
The most striking feature of this
collection was the glory and splendor of color shown by a dozen suits
of armor and helmets on one hand,
and by over three hundred "No" costumes of rich brocade and exquisite
embroidery on the other. One suggested countless tales of deeds of
valor of the ancient heroes; the other
showed the refined pastimes and accomplishments of Japanese warriors
when not on battlefields, together
showing the life of feudal Nippon.
One suit of armor and helmet, wilh
scarlet silk cords and black lacquer
over leather, decorated with gold and
carved metal work, fetched the largc
sum of 38,900 yen (about $19,500).
Another suit of armor and helmet,
with purple silk cords, profusely decorated with chased copper, was sold
for 12,000 yen.
The collection of "No" costumes of
wonderful brocade and embroidery
fetched an aggregate sum of 91,900
yen. Besides, there were nearly 800
"No" masks which realized about
40,000 yen. Some of these masks
were excellent examples of Japanese
wood carving, expressing sorrow,
joy, anger���nearly " every, human
mood. ""
It may be added here that "No" is
a sort of opera, having been enjoyed
for more than 500 years. While actors in theatres have long been looked down upon as of an inferior profession, "No" has always been held
in national esteem, men of high ranks
often participating in its performance. c
Had a Very Bad Attack
OF
Bowel Complaint
IT WAS CURED BY
DR. FOWLER'S
Extract Of  Wild  Strawberry
Any one suffering froin bowel complaints such as diarrhoea/ dysentery,
colic, cramps and pains in the stomach, summer complaint, etc., will find
that Dr. Fowler's' Extract of Wild
Strawbe'rry will give quicker and
more permanent relief than any other
remedy on the market today.
This old tried and proven medicine
has been on the market for the past
74 years. You don't experiment when
you buy'it. Surely the test of time
proves this.
Mrs. Daniel Hartwick, Mountain
Grove, Ont., writes: "I used Dr.
Fowler's Extract of Wild Strawberry
and have found that it is a' good remedy. When my-little girl was 2J4
years old shc had a very bad attack" of
bowel complaint. Nothing prescribed by the doctor seemed to do her
any good. She got worse, uiUil ��;e
thought wc would lose her. 'I.got a
bottle of 'Dr. Fowler's,' and she "soon
found relief. Everyone who has children should not bc without it in their
home.
Price 35 cents a bottle; put up only
by Thc T. Milburn Co., Limited, Toronto, Ont.
Building Activity Maintained
Building permits to the value of
nearly a million and a half dollars
have been issued in Calgary this ycar
as compared with somewhat over
eight hundred thousand dollars worth
in the corresponding period of last
year. The value of the permits issued ��� last month amounted to $380,-
000. Other cities throughout Western Canada report similar activity.
This is a good start, but it-is evident that the great work of reconstruction' is not yet under way.
There are signs, however, of still
greater activity at no very distant
future.
General Allenby Honored
. London.���General H. E. -Allenby,
commander of the British forces in
Palestine that took Jerusalem in
1917, is one of a large number of British officers awarded the United
States Distinguished Service Medal,
according to a list published in the
official gazette.
It is almost as easy to pick    the
wrong woman for a wife as it is tp
Attempt-to "Place Seized Bonds -
Copenhagen, Denmark.���The Hungarian soviet government haying attempted to -place in Vienna 30,000
shares and foreign bonds worth some
hundreds of millions of kronen which
were seized in thc vaults of Hungarian banks, the allied mission in Vienna has intervened and a mission
will also be sent to Budapest to effect
similar protection.
She: I was a fool to marry you.
He: No doubt; but I'm not willing
to let you bear all thc blame. I ask'
cd you to.���Boston Transcript.
piilfilP
There Is Only One,.
Genuine Aspirin
Only  Tablets  Marked  With  "Bayer
Cross" Are Aspirin
If You Don't See the "Bayer Cross"
on the Tablets, Refuse -Them���
They Are Not Aspirin
at All
"Khaki College"
Doing Valuable Work
System Adopted Is that of Free
Tutorial Classes
Winnipeg, Man.���The "Khaki College" in connection with the University of Manitoba is doing valuable
reconstruction work. -At present there
arc 113 returned men taking the
courses who would, in all probability,
have thought it hopeless to go on
with tlicir education if it had been
necessary to go back to high school
or to resume at the university without this opportunity to gain time. The
system adopted in the Khaki College
is that of free tutorial classes.
Instead of drifting into" occupations for the moment more lucrative,
these returned men' who left- their
studies to shoulder a rifle arc being
induced to resume their interrupted
studies at a critical period in their
lives, and are thus saved to thc professions, preventing an incalculable
loss to thc province. Students eaq
enter at any time, and arc allowed to
proceed to the next higher grade
without the formality of an examination whenever the instructors deem
them, to be ready for promotion. The
purpose of these tutorial courses is
primarily tb prepare the bo)rs to reenter the university- regular classes
next September, but it is thought that
the Khaki College will carry on all
winter.
It is p significant fact ' that the
courses leading to a definite profession "arc better patronized than those
leading to an arts degree. The courses
leading toward engineering and law
are most popular. One student is
preparing himself for thc diplomatic
service.
Berlin People Urged:
To Show Restraint
And-
Be
Future of Belgium
Burgomaster Max of Brussels, in
a significant interview given to a
special correspondent of thc Ncw
York Times, expresses the view that
it will take at least five ycars before
Belgium regains her normal conditions in industry and commerce, but
many ycars longer "before wc reach
the state of affluence and commercial
prosperity thc country was in before
1914." This is not a pessimistic
view. It is perhaps too optimistic.
And whatever may be done in thc
way of industry and commerce, much
of thc Hun vandalism can never bc
made good by replacement.
Your druggist gladly will give you
the genuine "Bayer Tablets of Aspirin" because genuine Aspirin now
is made by Canadians and owned by
a Canadian Company.
There _ is not. a _cent's__ worth _of
German interest in Aspirin, all rights
being purchased from the U.S. Government.
During the -war, acid imitations
were sold as Aspirin in pill boxes and
various other containers. But now
you can get genuine Aspirin, plainly
stamped with the 'safety "Bayer
Cross,"���-Aspirin proved safc-by millions for Headache, Toothache, Earache, Rheumatism, Lumbago, Colds,
Neuritis, and Pain generally.
Handy tin boxes of 12 tables, also
larger^ "Bayer" packages-   '
Aspirin is thc trade mark, registered in Canada, of Bayer Manufacture
of Monoaccticacidestcr of Salicylic-
acid.
Not Allow Themselves  to
Incensed By Foreign '
- - Soldiers
London, Eng.���A German wireless
message states that a reward of 10,000
marks has been offered for information leading to the arrest of the individual who killed a French, soldier
in Friedrichstrasse, and Berlin paper*'
call upon the people to exercise restraint and not allow themselves Ut
bc incensed   by provocative   acts ol
foreign -soldiers.   -
_ At the "same-time-French-soldiers
are advised not to walk in Friedrichstrasse at night. The papers further
state that no trouble has been caused
by American and English soldiers,
who show more restraint than the
French.
Trackless Trolley Cars
More Satisfactory and Convenient in
Operation
According to Popular Mechanics,
the trackless trolley car has found a
welcome in a number of small Ncw
England towns. This magazine is inclined to take thc view that the car
without tracks to run .on has not only
comc to stay in thc more sparsely
populated districts, but may possibly
force its way into larger cities where
thc track-requiring trolley cars are
struggling lo get higher fares in order to keep out of thc hands of a receiver. Thc trackless car is claimed
lo bc much cheaper in operation bc-
| cause   expensive   rails,   switches   and
Maintenance of War Alliance Urged
Paris."���Thc King of Italy has telegraphed to Raymond Poincare, President of France, expressing Italy's"
earnest desire, for the maintenance in
peace timc of thc alliance against the
common enemy" which proved so effective in war. Mr. Poincare replied,
reciprocating his wish and stating
that France would consider as sacrilege any attempt to relax after victory, the common bonds which united thc two countries so closely during the war.
Decorations for Canadian Aviators
London.���Canadian    airmen decor
ated    for services    in    Mesopotamia
with    the Belgian  Croix    dc Guerre,   ,, ,. , it-,-,.
t ���    t    t>      r _ t. iV    ���        t-n (Other adjuncts arc not needed.'   lhat
arc: Lieuts. Roy Campbell, since kill-', , , . . ,-
ed, London, Ont.; "Charles Albert
Cfarichton, missing since". November,
1918, formerly a Canadian private;
Richard Schroeder, formerly in the
Canadian infantry, and Henry -Cawl-
ing'Wood, Toronto, who was severely wounded.
The Chevalier of the Royal Older
of St. George has been awarded to
Raymond Wilfred Kerr, Toronto,
since killed.
the 4��
Our ideal of a wise girl is one who
can't sing and knows it.
thc trackless car is more satisfactory
and convenient in operation is another claim made by its supporters.
The swinging trolleys permit the cars
to go anywhere in a 25-foot roadway
in order- to' pass slower., vehicles,
avoid uneven road surfaces, and
allow passengers to get off close to
the sidewalk. '   -
When    the widow ceases to weep
her weeds soon dry up.
W.      N.      U.
S274
Has Ruined Both Rich and Poor
If communism in Hungary has succeeded in putting the working classes
on top and lhc moneyed and intellectual classes underneath, it might
not be without its appeal. But it has
done none of those things. It has
nfmed thc rich,' of course, but it has
ruined thc poor along with them*
Thc man who -was poor finds himself poorer and with no hope of bettering himself.
��� To thc youth in love whose salary
is $9 a week an ice cream sign looks
like a nightmare.
CHILDREN NEED HELP
Spanking doesa 't ctzrebed- wetting
���the trouble fs due to weakness
of the internal organs. My successful home treatment will-be found
helpful. Send ao money, but
write me today. My tteatinsni
is equally successful for adults^
troubled with urinaiy difficulties.
Mt, ti, fUHMRS, 3es 42 TnSmM
f-r
N-v
r* ^
?- 'F?X
W$$3J;
MpttS^Pt
'mmrnrt
���&
THE    LEDGE. . GREENWOOD,     B.     C.
Auto Top Dressing
A Special Dressing Adapted For
Automobile Tops
This dressing is prepared from a combination of essential oils and gums,
so blended as to impart a high "gloss
to the top that is soft and pliable, so
that it may be folded up without
danger of thc finish cracking or
chipping.
Once tried always used.
DOMESTIC SPECIALTY CO., Ltd.
HAMILTON,     CANADA
Airship Exhibition
Into Labrador
WAGSTAFFFS
Real  Seville
Orange
Marmalade
All Orange and Sugar���
No camouflage.
Boiled with care in Silver Pans.
ABK YOUR OROCBR FOR IT.
Opportunities In
The Sheep Business
Western Canada Offers Ideal Conditions for Sheep Raisers
There never was a better chance
for the development of the sheep industry than there is in Western Canada today. Mutton and -wool are
both in great demand and will continue so wdiile thc livestock shortage
in Europe prevails. This shortage is
not likely to bc relieved for many
years. In the meantime the farmer
with a few sheep will bc able to make
good profits, which, if he is a beginner, will go a long way towards
helping him to get firmly established. Farmers who ,have followed
sheep-raising in many" lands before
settling in Western Canada claim
they know of no country where sheep
thrive so well as here.
For Sprains and Bruises. ��� There
is nothing better for sprains and contusions than Dr. Thomas' Eclectric
Oil. It will reduce the swelling that
follows a sprain, will "cool the inflamed flesh and draw the pain' as if by
magic. It will take the ache out of
a bruise and prevent the flesh from
discoloring. It seems as if there was
magic in it, so speedily_does the injury disappear under treatment.
Worry Is Twin of Fear
Worry is a homeopathic ar attcn-
_ uatcd dose of fear, and fear, as all
know, is a powerful depressant of thc
circulation and nervous system. It is
fear tliat'paralyzes the "animal that'is
"charmed" by a snake; it is fear that
"strikes at the heart" of a "child
frightened by some 'real or fancied
apparition or threat, predisposing to
shock or collapse. It is harmful emotion. There is no doubt that a susceptible individual might be actually
"frightened to death."
Staying on the Job
Canadians and Americans went
over to' help beat Germany, and
having done that, they have hurried
back, and while we have no occasion to criticise them for^hat, let us
pay one tribute to little old England
that helped to hurry them back with
all cheerfulness and good will while
keeping half a million of her own
men in foreign lands to finish up
the job. These Englishmen and
Scotsmen"can't "hasten I home" They
have to stay to do the mopping up
and secure our victory.���From thc
Ottawa Citizen.
Decree Issued On
Rule In Tripoli
Giving to the Natives Equal Rights
With Italians
Washington, District of Columbia.
���Thc Italian government has promulgated a decree giving to the natives of Tripoli equal rights with
Italians, while maintaining their special rights and religious and social
customs.
The decree also gives reasonable
administrative autonomy, notably by
means of a small local parliament,
deliberative and elected, side,by side
with the governor and composed of
citizens of all religions. This parliament has full powers with regard to
local laws, direct taxation and administrative ^provisions.
A government "council, presided
over by the govcrnpr and made up of
government officials, and members
elected by the local parliament, expresses its opinion as- to the- choice
of officials, which thc governor ap-
points\ direct to the post of regional
commissioner, delegate for a locality
and district agent.- Deliberative and
elective councils help these officials
in the administration of regions, localities and districts. The municipal
authorities also comprise representatives" of the population.  -
Members of all , religions are to
have a notable part in the administration of justice.
To Make an Aerial Survey of Lum-
,   ber Properties
St. John, New Brunswick. ��� Capt.
Dan Owen, a Nova Scotian who
served with the Royal Air Force in
the war, and was for some time a
prisoner in Germany, has been engaged by United States lumber interests
to make an aerial survey of lumber
properties in Labrador, and with a
party of 20 assistants will shortly
sail for Labrador from Annapolis,
Nova Scotia.
The sea voyage north will be made
in the steamer Granville, which has
been chartered for thc expedition.
Two airships will be used by Captain
Owen in making the suivey ��� one a
seaplane and thc other a land plane.
Photographs of the forests will be
made from the planes and maps prepared of the different sections of tim-
bcrland.
Among Captain Owens' assistants
will bc Joseph P. Halpin, a former
St. John man, who was a member of
the Royal Air Force during the war.
Real Money
Must
Italy May Lean On Germany
Will Look Upon Teutons as Their
Staunchest Friends
New York.���There is a ceitain element of danger that the attitude of
the allies will lead to such close relations between Germany and Italy
that the latter country will come to
look upon thc Teutons as their
staunchest friends, in the opinion of
Thomas Nelson Page, who has just
returned from Rome. -
- "I do not mean by this," Page said,
"there there is a possibility of an alii
ance between the countries. I do not
think there is. But Italy needs coal
and raw materials of various sorts for
her industries. Germany supplied a
great part of them before the war and
is making preparations to do it again.
She will spend money developing
Italian industries and will edge her
way into favor."
I bought_a horse with a supposedly
incurable ringbone for $30. Cured
him with $1.00 worth of MINARD'S
LINIMENT and sold him for $85.00.
Profit  on Liniment, $54.
,MOISE DEROSCE.
Hotel "Keeper, St. Phillippe, Que.
Clarks
PORK
AND
BEANS
WITH
TOMATO
CHILI
OR PLAIN
SAUCE
ARIA
TREAT
fHi$L��SMTHET3f
ISAimWfl GUARANTEE
The . Man With""' Asthma" almost
lpngs for death to end his suffering.
He sees ahead only years of endless
torment with intervals of rest which
are themselves fraught with never
ceasing fear of renewed attacks: Let
him turn to Dr. J. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy and know what complete relief it can give. Let him but
use it faithfully and he will find his
asthma a thing of the past.
British Building:
Gigantic Dirigible
One That Will Carry Equipment of
Six Airplanes
Washington.���Word , reached thc
air experts of thc United States government that the Briiish -government
has begun the construction of the
largest dirigible that has yet b^'n
undertaken in jthe ���wjW>_^_eU__^atJV_:'__li
carry an equipment of six airplanes
Providing Recreation Facilities
Realising the necessity of providing citizens and especially children,
with proper recreation facilities, the
city of Winnipeg, Manitoba, plans to
spend this year $209,469 on these operations. Approximately ��� $119,511
will be spent for park purposes and
probably $1,500 will be set aside for
band concerts in the parks.
In addition $62,962 will be spent on
baths, or $17,000 more than last year.
An appropriation of $26,996 is planned for thc pla"ygrounds.
Winnipeg possesses some of thc
most beautiful parks to bc found anywhere in a citj of its size.
Increase Appropriation for Wounded
"Washington.���Amended to provide
$14,000,000. instead of $6,000,000 for
the- rehabilitation���of wounded���sol
dicrs, sailors and marines, the sundry
civil appropriation bill, which was vetoed by the President, was passed by
the house and sent to the senate.
Obtain   Its   Value   From   An
Actual Basis
It appears from a recent interview
that Lenine. the Bolshevist leader, is
very proud ol the depreciation of the
money issued by his government. He
wants it to. depreciate, and the lower
it goes the better; satisfied he is. So
he keeps the presses working overtime, "not in order to fill the coffers
of the. state'with practically worthless paper, but with the deliberate
intention of destroying the value of
the money, as a means of payment."
He doesn't believe in money, you
see, because money suggests the old
"capitalistic system." And so he is
doing his best to discredit it.
Maybe he is succeeding in that purpose, but it is far more likely that he
is merely discrediting Bolshevism.
Rcal money���"honest-to-God money"
as Americans sometimes call it, not
altogether irreverently���is not hurt
by such a process. It is only driven
into hiding and prized the more when
the market is flooded with bogus
currency. Every fake not put out by
Lcnincs printing presses raises the
value of sound money just as every
lie raises the.value of truth.
The trouble, with "fiat money"    is
that it is exactly a lie.    No man, no
government,'nor power on earth, can
make  a  ruble,  a  dollar,  a  franc,  a
pound, by the simple process of call
ing it so.   The United States Trcas
ury could put out a bank note lab
clled "One" Dollar,"  and  no  intelligent citizen would accept it as such
unless it also bore a promise that the
government would exchange gold or
silver for that piece of paper.
To create money the government
would have to create out of nothing
gold or silver, or some other acceptable form of rcal wealth, and it cannot do' that. There have been large
numbers of Americans, more than
once in our history, who wanted thc
government to issue unsecured paper,
but that heresy has passed away. ���
Elmiia Star-Gazette.
Germany Must Start
Work Repairing France
Must Introduce Measures for Compulsory Work, if Necessary
Berlin. ��� Allied representatives
have told the German delegates at
Versailles, it is reported here in government circles, that Germany must
be prepared to introduce measures
for compulsory work, if necessary.
This,' it was said, was intended, as a
means of bringing about.prompt execution of the' reparation work in
northern France, utilizing, troops a-d
a half million civilian laborers.
Officers here said the allied conferences on this subject were conducted in a friendly spirit. These
officials agreed lhat Germany has a
problem in her labor troubles.
Many War Prisoners
Stated the Fact    0
Doctor:    And   has   your    husband
had any lucid intervals,  Mrs. Smith?
Mrs. Smith: 'E's 'ad nothin' except
what you ordered him, doctor.
A speech made at a banquet is
called a toast because of thc dryness
thereof.
MinaVd's Liniment Cures Colds, Etc.
Number Of Strikes
Now Decreasing
A marked drain in industrial strife
is thc feature of the labor situation
at present, the number of large
strikes under way being few as compared with a few weeks ago. In a
number of cases where steps were being taken to namc boards of conciliation, there are good prospects of
settlements being arrived at by negotiations.
Catarrhal Deafness Cannot Be Cared
by local applications a$ they cannot reach
the diseased portion of the car. There is
only one way to cure Catarrhal Deafness;, and
that is by a constitutional remedy. HALL'S
CATARRH MEDICINE acts through the
Blood on the Mucous Surfaces of tbe System. _ Catarrhal Deafness^ is paused _by _an
inflamed "condition of the mucous "lining; "of
the Eustachian Tube. When this tube is inflamed you have a rumbling; sound or .imperfect hearing1, and when it is entirely
closed, Deafness is the result. Unless the inflammation can be reduced and this tube restored to its normal condition, hearing- may
be destroyed for ever. Many cases of Deafness are caused by Catarrh, which is aa inflamed condition of the Mucous Surfaces.
ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for any case
of Catarrhal Deafness that cannot be cured
by IIALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE.
AH Druggists 7Sc.    Circulars free.
F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio.
Betting Still Under Prohibition
Ottawa.���No modification has yet
been made of thc ordcr-5n-council
prohibiting race track betting, but representations have from to time been
made urging modification. Unless rescinded, the order-in-council will re
main in force till peace is formally
proclaimed. This will foilow ratification of the peace treaty^ . %- ���
Flying In India
Mail Service From India to Australia
Being Considered
Great progress is being madc in
aviation in India. Thc government
has under consideration a plan to establish an aerial mail service between
Bombay, on . - cast' coast, and Pan-
goon, in Burma. A further service
from India to Australia is also being
considered.
In August of last ycar Brig.-Gen.
A. E. Borton and Capt. Ross Smith
flew from England to Palestine, and,
after thc signing of the" armistice,
proceeded from Palestine to India.
Later they returned to England, and
afterwards flew from England to In
dia
concerned, the> did the journey in 72
hours
There   Are  Today  500,000   Russians
Still in Germany
Few people realize how many prisoners were taken in this world's war;
newspaper reports in big headlines
gave us the account' of many prisoners taken at once, but, as time went
on, these great hauls were stored up
in ever-increasing seas of humanity.
In Germany' alone at the signing of
the armistice there were 1,500,000
Russian prisoners, 400,000 French,
100,000 English and 100,000 Italian
and a mixture of Serbians, Portu-
J gucsc and Chinese.
Today all the entente prisoners
have been repatriated,. with the exception of the "Russians���poor devils,
they have been in.prison camps since
1914 and, 1915. They were taken when
they were our allies and we havc
greatly neglected them. You see
very little about thcm in the newspapers, they have had no press agent,
and their story is not good reading.
When the armistice was signed there
were over one and one-half million
of these half-starved and neglected
men in German camps. Official Germany wanted to get rid of them, they
withdrew the guards; many started
eastward toward their native country,
half of them perished on the way. It
is known that on one trainload there
wcrc seventy deaths, the bodies being thrown out along the tracks;
those who did reach the Russian border were forced into thc Red army
and- became-Bolslievikr~against lhcir
will.
There are today 500,000 Russians
still in Germany, located at 25 different camps. In January last the
entente authorities placed the feeding
of these men in the hands of thc
Americans.
��� There are at thc present moment
over 400,000 Germans in France, 200,-
000 in England, 25,000 in Italy, and
50,000 in Siberia. These last were
taken when thc Russians were advancing through the Carpathian
mountains towards thc plains of German Austria; in Siberia alone in the
vicinity of Tomsk and Krasnoiarsk,
there arc 400,000 Austrians; these
wcrc the figures in November, 1918,
and no one knows how many have
died of exposure and cold during
the past winter, probably one-third.���-
St. Thomas Times-Journal.
Saskatchewan
Land Inquiries
Saskatchewan Land Settlement Association Doing Good
Work
Regina, Sask.���-Much advertising
is being given this province in the
United States as the result of the
work of the Saskatchewan Land Settlement Association, formed at the
instigation of the Dominion .Department of Immigration recently for the
purpose of handling inquiries concerning farm lands received by tlie
offices of the Canadian immigration
authorities in the United States.
During the past month 6,000 letters
have been received by the association
and distributed among the members,
who under the provisions of the bylaws must answer the inquirers fully.
From the .nature of the letters received it is stated by the secretary
of the association that conditions in
this province are quite imperfectly
understood in the United States.
WORKING AFTER SIXTY?
You surely must if you don't save when you are ��
young. An Excelsior Endowment is the best way^ 5
Write for pamplet to-day g
THE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE CO. I
WINNIPEG     SASKATOON     EDMONTON     VANCOUVER    S"
Hi
SKJjH
ASMS
Don't Experiment
Be A Moody User
Keep Your Land Clean
Write  for Full
Information Regarding  Moody
Separators
Write For Casb
or Time Prices
Separates the weed seeds from the grain, and bags them separately. Grain
cleaned ready for elevator or for seed, and no dockage at elevator. A separator guaranteed to do good work in all kinds of grain, threshing the grain
clean from the head, putting it in the bin, not in the straw pile. A machine
that has stood the test of time.   Over 20,000 in.use in Western Canada.
Power Required! No. 6 A. 24-32,' with hand-feed:attachments arid straw carrier,
requires 9 H.P. Engine. No. 6 A. 24-32, with hand-feed attachments and blower, requires
10 H.P.'Engine. No. 6 A. 24-32 Moody Self-Feeder and blower, requires 14 H.P. Engine.
New 1919 model, No. 2-30-38, with hand-feed attachments and blower, requires 14 H.P.
Engine. New Model, 1919, No. 2-30-38, with Moody. Self-Feeder and Blower, requires
.16-18 H.P. Engine. If you do not have an engine, secure prices on our 10 and 14 H.P.
Victor Engine, made for Moody Separators, or- our Parrett Tractors! If you have a
Fordsoh:Tractor, or. a' 10-20 Tractor, you have just the right power.
The New Home Machinery      Francoeur Bros., Mitchell Hardware
Company, Limited,      Camrose and Edmonton,       Company, Limited,
Saskatoon, Sask. Alberta      ' Brandon, Man.
mm
mm
'.��i?Ti&��l
si
Salvage Hun Ships in Scapa Flow
London.���The Britisii Admiralty
has placed contracts for salvage of
the German warships sunk by their
crews in Scapa Flowi it was learned.
It was said that "satisfactory results"
were expected.
CHOLERA INFANTUM
Cholera infantum is one of the fatal
ailments of childhood. It is a trouble
that comes on suddenly, especially
during the summer months, and unless prompt action is taken little one
may soon be beyond" aid. Baby's
Own Tablets are an- ideal medicine
in warding off this trouble. They
regulate the bowels and sweeten the
stomach and thus'prevent all the
dreaded summer complaints. They
are an absolutely safe medicine, being guaranteed by a government
analyst to contain no opiates or narcotics or other harmful drugs. They
cannot possibly do harm���they always do ^ood. The Tablets are sold
by medicine , dealers, or by mail at
25 cents a box from The Dr.' Williams' Medicine Co., Brockviile, Ont.
Marshal Foch and the Canadians
A writer in the Canadian Military
Gazette declares he has the following story from a gentleman in whose
word he has absolute confidence:
Shortly after the armistice a private
luncheon was given by a lady in
Paris to a number of her friends, of
whom Marshal Fochflwas one. In thc
course of conversation the lady said:
"Marshal, will you tell us who were
your best soldiers?" He replied,
"Madam, that is a hard question. To
begin with, I- must not speak of my
own poilus. But you have asked, and
I shall answer���Mes enfants cheris
sont lcs^Canadicns"_(my_dear children are the Canadians). Thc point
to note is that Foch was not speaking for publication, but at a private
gathering and amongst his fellow
countrymen only.
ONTARIO VETERINARY COLLEGE
110  University Ave., Toronto,  Canada    "
Under the Ontario Department of Agriculture.   Affiliated With the Unlrersity of Toronto
Session  Begins  Wednesday,  October  1st,  1919.       Write for  Calendar
Containing Full Information
C.  D.   McGILVRAY,   M.D.V.,  PRINCIPAL
 a :	
mwm
Irrigation Is Unprofitable
Rainfall Fanning And Irrigation
Farming Compared
Our modern knowledge teaches
that there is no essential difference
between rian-fall farming and irrigation-farming, except in the manner in
which water is applied to the soil,"
says Widsoe, in Principles of Irrigation Practice. "Every argument
against the permanency of irrigation
farming may be urged against rainfall farming; and every argument for
the permanency of rainfall farming
may be used with equal force on behalf of irrigration farming. The everlasting relationships among soils,
waters and plants are the same over
all the earth. Under irrigation the
great water factor may be controlled,
and thereby greater pQwer for good
or for evil is possessed by the farmer
under the ditch."
In Alberta both rainfall farming
and irrigation farming are successfully practised. The central and northern portions of the province usually have sufficient moisture cvery
year to produce good crops; in parts
of the south the rainfall cannot be relied upon in sufficient quantities every season to grow satisfactory crops,
but where thc natural rainfall may be
supplemented by irrigation profitable
crops can bc and are being raised
every year, for the conditions are
ideal.
For ycars Mother Graves' Worm
Exterminator has ranked as the most
effective preparation manufactured,
and it always maintains its reputation.
Willie Knew Where
Willie was being   measured for his
first made-to-mcasurc suit of clothes.
"Do you want the shoulders padded, my little    man?" enquired    the
tailor.      "*
"No,"  said     Willie     significantly,
"pad the pants."
Holland's Underground Cable
The Hague, Holland.���Work    will
| commence shortly on a trunk line telephone cable, to be laid underground,
from     Rotterdam  to Amsterdam,  a
distance of 91  kilometers.    This un-
So far as actual flying time is 1 derground trunk telephone cable will
bc thc first of its kind to be laid in
Holland, and is the first of a system
of these,cables planned by the Netherlands government to bc laid
throughout Holland in the near future. Thc Western Electric company
has the contract for the work. Before
the war a German concern held it
"What is the connecting fink .between, the;.animal and vegetable-kingdoms?" asked the teacher.
"Hash!": yelled the class, with one
voice'.   ....       ...
W.    ,N.      U.      1274
for its own protection against heavier
than air,craft Thc dirigible and.thc
two hangars to bc Duilt for it will
cost $9,000,000, according to inform-
! ation reaching military-here. It will
havc a capacity of 10,000 cubic feet,
will bc 1,100 feet long, 137 Icet in
diameter, and capable of lifting 100
tons,' which would be more than
double the lifting capacity of R-34,
which has just made a round trip
voyage across the Atlantic.
The cruising radius > of the new
dirigible, jsrhich svill be , finished in
irom 18 to 20 months, is- given as
16.000 miles, and could, it is claimed,
easily undertake -the,voyage from
England to Australia.
There is safety in numbers. The
more lady friends a bachelor has the
more likely he is to remain a bachelor.    .    -
Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.
Finland and League of Nations
Helsingfors, Russia.���The Finnish
government has officially denied rumors that Finland is preparing to attack Pctrograd. One newspaper
urges the necessity of Finland's joining the- League of Nations as soon-as
possible, as a protection against any
inclination for expansion on the part
of a' re-established Russia, and also
against, a possible Russo-German
combination. The paper points out
that Finland's independence is of especial interest to Scandinavia, as any
attempt by Russia to regain her hold
on Finland -would be a menace to
Scandinavia.
Judge (severely): "How can you
be so mean as to swindle people who
put confidence in you?"
Prisoner: "Well, your honor, they
arc the only sort that you can
swindle."
Community Singing
In The West
To   Get   a   Wave   of    Community
Singing Started
Everyone    believes    in community
singing, but there seems to be a com- >
mon uncertainty as to how to get it
started.    Considerable progress    has
been    made in Manitoba,    however.
Community singing    was introduced
at the annual convention of women's
institutes and at the Manitoba farm
congress-last February, and it  ,was
found that a twenty minutes' sing at
the beginning of a session promoted
a general, feeling of friendliness and ?
goodwill.    During June,  twelve  dis- v
trict conventions for the women's in- ?'
stitutcs were held in different parts
of the province, and community, singing was a feature at all of them. The ".
leaders    were usually local    singers.
Song sheets   were provided   by the
extension service of the  department
of agriculture.   Sometimes thc leader
divided the audience into two or three  '
groups and one competed against the
other, to the amusement of everyone;-"
on one occasion a few  of the old-.-"
fashioned   rounds   were    introduced
and were most successful.
It shouldn't be very difficult to get
a wave of community singing started in other provinces, and incidentally to sweep away a lot of undesirable feelings that people simply can't
contain when they open their lungs
and lift their voices and let themselves go with the spirit of the kind
of song that would' have a place in
any well-planned community singing.
���Farmers' Magazine.
ftp-
m
m&\
r$$m
w
;Xi
Quality of French. Beer
- Asoldier-wastcilinghis^friends'of     ~.
his experiences out in France,    and    ,
among other things they    discussed
was the difference between the beers      ' \"
of the respective countries.
"Well," said the soldier at last, "my
idea is that drinking one of thosa
Frenchy beers is about like kissing
your sister."
There is no telling what a day may
bring forth. A man may be happy
today and married tomorrow.
A small man's shadow is    just as
black as that of a great man.
"The man who gives in when he is
wrong," said the street orator, "is a
wise man; but he who gives in when
hc is right is���"
"Married 1" said a meek voice in the
crowd.
PILES
Do  not
aaotliei
Itohir
another day wiUi
ItohlngTBleo*
lag, or Protend-
mites
wit*
lead.
Ine Piles.   No
surgical eper>
_ utioa required.
Sr. Chase's Ointment frill relievo 70a et oaec
and as certainly ours yon. KOo. a box: ail
dealers, or EdnmBson, Bates & Co., Limited.
Toronto. .Sample box free if yott mention this
paper ana enelos* So. etamp to pay posUg*.
BENSON'S Cobn Stabch
Largs
Im-
Sums For Stockyards
provements
Between $250,000 and $300,000 is
to be spent this year ia improving
and enlarging the Alberta Stock
Yards at Calgary. The yards are to
be paved, sewerage put in, and the
whole of the older portion modernized as much as possible. Other improvements and extensions   vrill   be
made from time to time as it is the
1 intention that the stockyards shall be
[kept thoroughly abreast of the times,
When a doctor gives a patient hope jand   the live stock business is con-
he expects pay for it. jstantly increasing.
flSPMEDuni
Desserts���Rolls
Sauces
ENSON'S is pure prepared corn starch,
delicate and nourishing, unexcelled for all
cooking purposes.
It improves the texture of bread; biscuits and roHs if
one-third of the flour is substituted with Benson's Com
Starch. It makes pie crusts light and Sakey.
There is a recipe for the most delicious Blanc Manga
on the package, together with a dozes other fcses.
Benson's is the best corn starch for making satices and
gravies smooth and creamy,.
���.���-f_S?3
Write for booklet of recipes
zzs xr-i'^-X--X/"'y''i
I-3V.
I8V-
if
��
i
lsT
THE LEDGE
Is $2 a year strictly in advance,  or #2.50
when not paid for three months.   If not
paid for until the end of the year it is $3
It is always $2.50 a year to the United
States in advance.
R. T. LOWERY.
Editor and Financier.
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     7 00
Betray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks  . 1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for, each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
Labor alone does nofc produce
the wealth of fehe world. Aided by
nature it is produced by the combined efforts of labor, capital, skill,
and enterprise. Without brains
the strong back soon travels in the
same class as a blind bull.
Take the beads, booze, shillelahs
and orange ribbons out of Ireland,
and harmony would bave a chance
to sit down. In the"green isle the
agitators for independence, are
swayed more by egotism and a
hatred of England than they are
by love for Ireland.
ETHE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
��
When labor and capital succeed
in eating each other the devil can
have the bones.
We are in favor of a minimum
income for publishers of mining
camp newspapers.
There was a time when prunes
were fed to prisoners in order to
torture them, and before Prohibition became chronic many people
got full on them. Nofe much danger of such things these days owing
to high prices. The basic priee for
prunes and apricots in California
has been fixed at 13^ cents a pound
by the growers. At thafe price the
crop alone in Santa Clara valley
will bring $25,000,000.
'The woman who takes a
pride in baking and is watchful of the family health fs
never won away from
Dr. PRICE'S
CREAM
Baking Powder
Some union men who go in business for themselves, are much in
favor of a 48 hour day.
Many,people in Nelson are wearing Colon hats. They are called
that because they are near Panama.
In many respects, the jam king
of Nelson has a striking resemblance to the late Bob Fitzsimmons.
The churches in Camby, Minn.,
are changing their bells for whistleB.
Perhaps a fire alarm or military
bugle would draw larger crowds on
Sundays.
For the social and economic
welfare of Canada, it has become
necessary for us to throw production into high gear, with no fines
for speeding.
In searching for the cause of the
H.C.L., we are convinced that
Prohibition is the cause for whiskey
being so elevated in price and so
poor in quality.
Tee piano is a wonderful instrument that Jakes an artist a lifetime
to master. It is principally used
in America to torture the neighbors
who are trying to sleep.
If properly handled the tourist
trade will bring, more money into
British Columbia than anything
else. ThiB province should have a
minister of tourists.
There is something good in all
men, ,(We are good sports," said
fewo__hpkUup men in_ Chicago,, as
they took $200 from a Swede, and
gave him back ten cents for carfare.
We have noticed of late that the
National Anthem is not played afc
our social and political meetings or
the theatre.    The reason,   we are
told, is that the public do not show
due respect for the^flag.    This   is
carelessness on the part of some,
and others trying to play the smart
Alex stunt.    When the American
National Anthem is played in  the
States, everybody stands  up,  hats
off, and a great wave of enthusiasm
goes through the audience.     Woe
betide the man who does not stand
up in an American audience while
their   National Anthem   is  being
played.     Tbe   Stars   and Stripes
Btands for America first,   foremost
and always, but the  Union Jack
has not such a selfish motto for it
represents something far   superior
namely truth,, justice  and   honor.
We  have   much to be  proud of
and so let the National Anthem be
played at all our public gatherings;
let those who can sing, sing it witb
heart and   voice  and   those who
can't sing stand to attention, with
head erect proud to belong to such
a great Empire.    It is the duty  of
every loyal British subject to see
that the National Anthem   is   respected when it ia  played  and  if
there be those who do not show a
proper respect   let   them   live in
some other country where they will
be forced   to   honor the national
flag.   In the words of the poet;���
"Breathes there a man with soul so
dead
Who to himself ne'er hath said
This is my own my native land?
If such there be go mark him well.
PHONE   13
Auto    and   Morse   5tages
Leave    Greenwood    Twice
Daily to Meet Spokane and
Oroville Trains
Autos for Hire.   The Finest
Turnouts in the Boundary.
Light and 'Heavy Draying ,
Made from Cream of Tartar
derived from Grapes
Contains No Alum-
Leaves No Bitter Taste
Palace   Livery   And  Stage
GREENWOOOD. B.C.
W.   H.   DOCKSTEADER, Ppop.
H. McKEE
GREENWOOD
Dealer in
WOOD
Orders Promptly Filled
J
Many young ladies have adopted
the custom, of wearing their
watches just below the knee instead
of on the wrist. The fad is an excellent, protection , against pickpockets.-
Gold is where you find it.' A
woman it Chicago recently found a
$0 gold coin in a coffee mill that
she bought at a store. She is probably broke by this time buying all
the coffee mills in Hogfeown.
It is   not  advisable to permit
mosquitoes to visit jails..   At Williams,   California,- two  prisoners
broke jail, leaving a note  for  the
jailer stating that they had to run
away from the mosquitoes.' '
HIGH BOOZE.
WANTS. ETC.
Fok Sale.���4 Perfection A,
wire-stitcbing machine. Apply
to The Ledge.
Old newspapers for sale at
The Ledge office. Get some before they are all gone.
CANADIAN
Beginning July 20
LOCAL C.P.R. TRAIN
���FROM���
GRAND   FORKS   to   MIDWAY
���Will run only on���
Wednesdays and Saturdays
as follows
Leave���Grand Forks, .8.30 a.m.,
Phoenix, 11.15 a.m., Greenwood
12.30 noon, iarriving at Midway
1.30 p.m.
Leave���Midway 2.30 p.m., Greenwood, 3.20 p.m. arriving Grand
Forks 5 p.m.
Trains leave Gerrard twice a
week. On Tuesdays at 7 p.m. On
Saturdays at 7 a.m.. They return
to Gerrard on the same days.
4�� ��8�� f^ 4�� 4�� 4�� 4" ���$��� 4�� 4>��� <$�� *����
��f* C LOAT is not a periodic-  ^
4�� al.    It is a  book con-  j*
' taining 86 illustrations all ***
told, and is filled with 4"
sketches and stories of ��$*
western life. It tells how ^��
a gambler cashed in after a
���$�� the flush days of Sandon ; jf
how it rained in New Den- **
ver long after Noah was *i"
dead; how a parson took a ��$���
drink afe. Bear Lake in <$��
early days; how justice J��
was dealt in Kaslo in 93;
how the saloon man out-
prayed fehe women in Kalamazoo, and graphically depicts the roamings of a
western editor among the
tender-feet in the cent belt.
ej�� It contains the early history
^ of Nelson and a romance *$*
jf of the Silver King mine. *$��
���* In   it are   printed    three
Your Cutting Machinery. -   Binders   -   Mowers
and Rakes
We handle the^McCormick and  Deering   Line
and will be pleased to order repairs
for all makes of Machines
Get our prices on Barb  Wire and   Nails.     We can
save you money on large or small lots.
Ship us your hides.   We pay cash and remit promptly.
BROWNS     -
way, B. C.
i��c^��;��v��<gwy,g^atsc>��g^^ I
*
Tlie Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada/Limited
Offices, Smelting aud Refining Department
TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS      -
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead- Ores
Producers   of  Gold,   Silver,   Copper,   Bluestpne,, Tig Lead  and Spelter
"TADANAC" BRAND
*
Synapsis of
$cf iuneneiments
��
printed    . ..._ ^
j^ western poems, and dozens ^
Jf of articles   too   numerous ,
** to mention.     Send for one j
4* before it is too late.    The **���
��3�� price    is   50   cents,   post- ������
og�� paid to  any part  of    the ����>
j, world.     Address   all   let- ^
* ters *��       ��� j.
* R. T. Lowery +
4��     GREENWOOD, B. O.     ��$>
SPEAK CLEARLY WHEN TELEPHONING.
���'$>.
4S��&��G&G5��&��&&&��45��45dG��&��&��<3&&��G^
Scidlm55*5..^'-^  land
.50 an acre.
.Minimum price ot first-class land
reduced to $5 an acre; second-class to
12.50 an arm
veyenSi0oV��W   ����nflned   t0  SUr*
lanHhSilV156 sra��ted covering only
^S ���-ffls purpose
��H?9-�� set*
wUhTint %,idSEfe?1 ��� ljre-e��>Ptions
P. BtfRNS & CO.
A ADA FOOD BOARD LICENSE NO. 113' J
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Pish <
and Poultry,     Shops in nearly all the ,-. j
towns of the Boundary and Kootenay. 1
^ COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B.C. j
Says a subscriber; "I called up a number the other day, aud.
almost laughed when Central queried a number quite different
from that for which I asked, When I had time to think aboul
it, perhaps she was not to blame, for it is probable that the
number was given indistinctly."
���This is a frank admission aud give's rise- to the suggestion
that indistinctness may be the cause of trouble more often than
is thought.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY,   Ltd.
���sreagBMMaamagBBSMWsa^ IMHI lll'lll ������
T.    THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
.  o PRESSED AND REPAIRED
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
W��<��<X>00000<X!000000<)0<>0000
PRINCETON, B.C.
One of the largest hotels in
the city. Beautiful location,
fiue rooms and tasty meala.
A. O. JOHNSON
PROP.
��� ..uiuvduun of at least 5 acres,
before receiving Crown Grant.
���Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may, because of ill-health, or other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence may be issued, provided applicant makes improvements to extent of
$300 per annum and records same each
ycar. Failure to make improvements
or record same will operate as for-
leiture. Title cannot be obtained in
/ess than  5 years,-and
GREENWOOD   GARAGE
AUTOS  SOLD  AND  REPAIRED
All Work Guaranteed
With" tears streaming down his
cheeks and the morning sunlight
reflected in ghastly glare from his
brick red nose the defendent took
the stand to testify in his own behalf. A deep silence fell on the
throng assembled in the court room
as he began the pitiful story.
"I-I- admit, your honor, he
said sobbingly, ,"that I sold the
baby's shoes to buy liquor. But I
wasn't drunk, your hoiior, honest
I wasn't. I didn't take a single
drink. Whisky had gone up eo
high that the. price of the shoes
wouldn't buy a smell of the cork."
The verdict was not guilty.
   u i<r..itb,-d.mi  improve
of" $10.00 per acre, including- 5
cleared and cultivated, and res-
uf at least 2 yeara are required.
Pre-emptor holding Crown grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided - statutory improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land. O
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesites;
title to be obtained after fulflltlng residential and improvement conditions.
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas   exceeding   610-acres   may   be
leased by one person or company.
'Mill,   factorv  m-  i����> *  ���
AGENT FOR
Chevrolet, Dodge, and Studebaker Cars;
-   Also Republic and National Trucks
m
J Hot and Cold Water; Steam Heat ahd Telephone in  I
*     . 	
J The only up-date Hotel in the interior.    First-class
��� in every respect, -
�����"	
| CENTRALLY 0LOOATED
W.  A.  RITCHIE
GREENWOOD
4*
each room.
ROOMS WITH RRIVATE BATHS.
CUISINE AND SERVICE THE BEST
First Class Cafe and Barber Shop
15   SAMRLE ROOMS
Steam Heated;  Electric Lighted.
_?  ~..-. jici.-un or eomp
Mill,   factory  or  Industrial  sites on
inber land -not   exceeding - 40  acres
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of .stumpage.
Natural hay meadows inaccessible
by existing roads may be purchased
conditional upon construction of a road
to thcm. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of- purchase
price, i.s made.
GRANTS
The scope of this Aet is enlarged to
iclude all persons joining an"
ig with His Majesty's Forcei.     ...���
time within which the heirs or devisees
LAND NOTICE
RATES 51.00 per day and up; European Plan.   '
"     -   Bus meets all Trains and Boats.
Two hours a "day is too long to
labor for the man who hates his
work, while even ten hoars does
.nofe.Eeem too long for the man who
loves bis work.    In  fact he even
.   hates to quit in ten hbcrs.
We have not seen for many
moons a company playing lhat old-
: Sime tragedy, entitled1'Ten Nights
ins Barroom." Its partner ia still
caosisg tears to flow In America,
altlioagh negro slavery w��a obliterated more than 5i years ago.
Joe Reid and A. I). Timmons
are running soft drink bars in
Kamloops.^ Ears of tbat kind are
increasing in that city.
Premier  Oliver  epoke   to    150
people afe Mission City a short time
ago and said 'something abont raising taxes 75 per cent if the people
did not quit ehonting for more good
roads.    The Fraser Yalley Record
says that Honest   John   said  "I"
abont 200 times daring hie speech,
jnsfc aa thongh he owned B. C. and
the government.    If eo, John must
be somewhat of a pronounced egotist, aud nsnally each people lack
a serene condition   of
stope
soldier bat a poor general.
PRE-EMPTORS'      free
* ACT.
JnSude^a^Ver^'s8 ��& ,ta enl!��� to
ing with Hte Majestv-S't* a,ltl serv"
time within wl,teii SJ^i,��i��orc4?- "The "
ot a deceased prV-emfi? or dev'sees
tor title under this T?r,Jnay.a',"i>-
from for one (�������������� J r�� l .is "tended
such person K' ,thc deati' of
year afPter the concfujIon if'thi111"   ��ne
due����14ffi*b ">��" "Options are
emptlona recorded^f??rdTrS �����n    ��re-
Taxes are remittedI fv?J rUne 25- 191��
< Provision tw rc^nTot^/6^3'
crued. due and b��snn,M   .moneys ae-
*. 1914. on account if n,s,nceAueust
or taxes on*sold?er,' nrl^yments- fees
Interest 6n ^llmfnt\e?^tions'    '
town or city lots w,? ut to l)urchase
AJlied Forces  or <w\T i?y "embers of
direct o?mdirect T&fitufr*"*****
Ubtment. to March 31 ^^ tro��� en-
SUB-PUHCHASERS OF CR0WN  ���
Cro^',S^ntsm^esl/b��rD���is^nce of -
Crown Lands a���.w"��ore?l?sen8 ��'
purchasers "who UilS * to^ f^��m
purchase, involving fw,,.. C0n*plete
nilment of cond,��ons o? n,"?rrei on fal"
terestand taxes wL/6 ^h*3^' In*
ers do not clafm wholp ��r"!UV"Purchas-
cel. Purchase prtceduaaprfri!inaI pai"
b�� distributed prop^rtlon^63 m^
whole area. AnnlSS.#f��� teSjr ov��
made byj&y 1.?&o?aUoM   m^t   be
GRAZING. *    . ��
In tiie Similkameen Land District, Recording
District of Fairview; and situate East of
and adjoining Lot 1028.
TAKE.NOTICE that 1, Charles Graser,
of Boundary Falls in said District, occupation.
Rancher, intend to aoply  for  permission   to
purchase the following- described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the
South-East corner of Lot 1028; thence North 20
chains; thence East 20 chains; tbence South 20
chains; and thence West 20 chains, and containing 40 acres more or less, the same to I��;
utilized forVrazInjj purposes.
Dated at Houcdarv Falls, B.C., May 30,1919.
CHARLES CRASER.
GUARD AGAINST.FIRE.
zsoeaessatpos
TENDERS WANTED
The Boundary Falls School Board invites tenders for sixty three (63) Tamarack posts, 6 to 9 inches tn diameter, seven
feet in length, peeled above ground, set
two feet deep, 10 feet apart. Forty rods
(40) of woven wire' fencing, size No. 9.
Nine' wires five feet high, with stays
about 10 inches apart; also one small iron
gate.
Kalsomiuing walls and ceiling, and
furnishing kalsomine.
Laying 1000 feet of flooring; also delivering at school six cords of two foot wood,
seasoned- fir or tamarack. No tender
necessarily accepted. ��� All tenders must
be in by Aug 2, 19x9. For further particulars apply to
Secretary School Board, .
Boundary Falls.
TENDERS -WANTED'
Tenders will ba received  up to
July 30feh, for tbe consJrnction of
one 20s30 frame school house,   10
feet ceiling cottage roof,  concrete
foundation at Rock Mountain near
Grains Act, ww, 70"r   ^temat,"   | Bridesville, B.C.   Centracfe will be
^ITfr^^^^^t   i let Aug. left and building must be
a��mint<rtr��tnw Sr.S-J"^1?- an.d ran^e    complete for occupation September
a&mnMzattaT under���   c��n��id P"1*6
tbe  npperj^A^��jS^3-
John might make a good|^.g��SW^^ffi
let, 1919.    Lowrest or any 'tenders
not necessarily accepted.
Michael Dumont,
Secretary Sock Mountain School
Bridesville.
ASSAYER
B. W. WIDDCWSON, Assayer and
Chemist. Box biioS, Nelson, B. C
Charges;-GoId, Silver, Lead or Coppe/
f,;l�� 'T^2'110^00-   Charges
for other metals, etc... ��m Amplication.
One Reason Why.
J. B. CAMERON,
Ceading Tailor of the Kootenays.
K ASLO      BO.
it   The big   hill   often   holds small
J potatoes.
.   MONUMENTS
KOOTENAY GRANITE AND
MONUMENTAL CO.. LTD.
FRONT ST.,      NELSON.     BOX 865
Subscribersare  reminded  that
The Ledge is ��2 a  year  wbea
paid ia, advance.    When not, so
{paid it is $2.50 a year.

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