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The Ledge Sep 19, 1918

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Array St
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DGE
THE  OLDEST  MINING  CAMP  NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
���/.fi
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iaci^
Vol.   XXV. ~
GREENWOOD, B. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1918.
No. 10
MANY   NEW   LINES
Come In And See Our
Large And Well Assorted Stock Of
Carpets,   Furniture,   Pictures,
Crockery,   Etc.   Etc.
Many   kinds of Oil,  Tinware
and  Hardware
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28        3C       GREENWOOD, B. C.
I    GREENWOOD  GROCERY    |
B Canada Food Board License No. 8-6251 ^3
���� The   Food   Board   Asks   You   to   Save 3
B THE FLOUR |
��~LWe carry a most complete stock of other Cereals ~S
H We specialize in TEA and COFFEE injpkge or bulk |j
B AT REASONABLE PRICES H
I     LEE <& BRYAN     1
^iiiimiiiaiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiUiiaiiaaiiiiiiiiiiiaiii^
THERE'S  MAGIC  IN  A  SMILE
Everyone responds to courtesy, face tofaceorl,telephone to
telephone." No one will reply with briskness if the smile in
our voice reaches him or her. And don't think you can't put a
smile into your voice���you are doing it every day.
A genial telephone voice marks that true cordiality which
is the basis of successful business and real friendship.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY. Ltd-
Mazda Tiin^stell Lam|is
15 tov^Q'^atttrLai^^
Wv':--V^vV/^T
X$Xl;iXXX
INITRQGEN =
LAMPS1
60 Watts
100"
200   "
$i25each
xim^xx
ix^mm^
STORAGE BATTERIES
CHARGED and REPAIRED
ELECTRIC
VULCANIZING
Greenwood City Waterworks Co.
EVERYTHING ELECTRICAL
Insurance
Life,  Fire, Health and
Accident
Real Estate, Ranches and
Mining Broker
AUCTIONEER
Charles King
GREENWOOD.        - B. C.
Public Auction
AT
Rear   of NORDEN HOTEL
GREENWOOD
ON
Saturday, Sept. 28, at 1 p.m.
Cattle,       Horses,       Furniture.
Carpenters   Tools,     &c.
SEE   SMALL BILLS
Entries taken on day of Sale
CHARLES KING
Auctioneer Greenwood
MlonsoMated lining & Smelting Co.
���..'.:' of Canada;Limited '���;������"
Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
XXXXxiXXiy X
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ore*
t^DANAC BRAND PIG LEAD, BLUESTONE, COPPER AND SPELTER
TIE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
sal edmund walker.
X:XiggXljlUX. D.CL, President
SIR JOHN A1RD. General Manager '
K V. F. JONES. Aa't Genl M___n*g��-
C^i^PAip Up��|i5,odo,oo6^Reserve fund, . $!3.500.ooo
Every effort is made to provide the bank-
^^:1^^3e^vl<�� .n^MreSa by miners.   A
����gg||^r^ the"
x'XiiXXxiXii^ -
"STORE OF QUALITY
����
HUNTING SEASON
NOW OPEN
Ammunition, Guns,
Shooting  Coats,
Leggings,  Etc.
J. G. McMYNN
MIDWAY      -      -     B.G.
FIT-REFORM
Suits
Made from  '���        '    '
"BEFORE THE WAR" Cloth
DURABLE LININGS
Permanent fronts in  the coats
made with non-break canvas
and hair cloth
Styles up to date
PRICES REASONABLE
W. Elson 8 Co
Greenwood
Smoke a "NOBLEMEN"
THE CIGAR OF QUALITY
20 cts each 3 for 50 cents
Box of 25 for $3.75
An Excellent Birthday Gift
��� AT   .
MUIR'S  CIGAR STORE
Phone 4s
P. O. Box 574
Around Home
October 14 will be Thanksgiving Day.
The curfew bell is again ringing in Phoenix.
T. S. Quance has moved from
Phoenix to Toronto.
When you want to hire an auto
call at the Palace Livery,
The Hotel Allan in Rossland
has made an assignment.
Pull line of fresh bulk chocolates at Goodeve Drug Store.
Miss J. Johnson of Vancouver,
is visiting friends in the city.
James Kerr has made a chrome
location, not far  from   Midway.
George Guise has taken 12
horses to Beaverdell to  haul ore.
Full line of school books, and
school supplies at Coles' Book
Store.
Stanley Bostock, a C.P.R. fire
ranger was in Greenwood last
week.
The Matthews Garage in
Grand Porks, does all kinds of
plumbing.
Be sure and send a Float to the
boys in France. Get one at The
Ledge office.
There is an opening for a bakery in Greenwood, and a one-man
flouring mill.
Archie Aberdeen is taking a
vacation for a week, at his ranch
near Bridesville.
Mr. and Mrs. Pat Crane have
moved from Copper Mountain to
the Mother Lode.
Mr. Hartland has moved Irom
Trail to Greenwood and taken
the S. Johnson house.
Early apples, fine tomatoes,
fresh cantaloupes, and grape
fruit at G.A. Rendell's.
At the Mother Lode, about 50
feet below the 400 level a drift
and upraise is being run.
More than 22,000 boxes of
peaches, have so far this year
been shipped from Penticton.    '
Rev. H.W. Simpson is leaving
for the coast at the beginning ot
next week, in order to enlist.
D. R. McElmon, tJ'reenwood.
Watchmaker and Jeweler, Goggles and auto glasses oa hand.
Just in. Bulk vinegar $1,50 a
gallon. Sour mixed pickles $1.75
gallon glass jar.    G. A. Rendell.
"Shivering Pat" McDonald,
well-known around Oroville, died
last week in  Okanagan, Wash.
Chas. King has sold to W. H.
Docksteader the house known as
the "Saint's Rest" on Church St.
The Greenwood Garage, will
soon have the agency for three
of the best motor cars in Canada.
Translucent crabapples, Flemish Beauty and Bartlett pears
will arrive in Rendell's store this
week.
Motor cars tear through Greenwood at great speed. Put up
speed boards and prevent accidents.
After living in Phoenix for 12
years, Mrs. Tremblay paid her
visit   to    Greenwood   last
has  gone  to the
and    expects   to
Nickle   Plate   at
Christian Science service will be held
in the MELLOR BLOCK on Sunday at ii
a. m. All welcome.. Every Wednesday
at 8-.p.. ui., testimonial meetings will be
held in the same block. Sunday School
every Sunday morning.      .;. 'Xx X
MATTHEWS  BROS.
GRAND  FORKS
Agents for Chevrolet, Dodge, Hudson,
Chalmers, Cadillac cars, and Republic
truck motors. Garage in connection.
Tenders
Sealed Tenders will be received up tb
the ist October, 1918, for the purchase of
"The National Hotel and Furniture"
Greenwood, B. C.
The Hotel. consists of Furnished Bed
Rooms and all necessary equipments.for
operating including Billiard Table, Bar
Fixtures, Cash Register, Safe, etc.
For further particulars apply to ���
CHARLES KING.
Real Estate Office Greenwood, B.C.
���s
first
week.
Barry Yuill
Similkapeen,
work   in   the
Hedleyi
A carload of Douk beauties
passed through Greenwood Monday, on their way to pick toms at
Kelowna.
The running of bicycles on the
sidewalks is contrary to law, and
all offenders are liable to appear
in the police court.
Mr. and Mrs. Herb Cox bave
moved from their r-nch into the
city, so as to enable their children to attend school.
In the valley around Oroville
tons of peaches are rotting on
the Ground, for lack of drying
and canning facilities.
Messrs. Young and Sage of
Armstrong with ladies, passed
through Greenwood! last week on
an auto trip to Spokane.
T. F. Roberts, secretary of the
Silverton Miner's Union, will be
tried at Nelson on a charge of
using seditious language.
Mrs. Bart Inghram is spending
a short time in town, assisting in
the nursing of several maternity
cases at the Greenwood Hospital.
Mrs. John Simpson departed
last Friday for Princeton, to join
her husband, who is now employed at the Mill Site near that city.
Charles Dempsey and Malcolm
Buchanan, have gone to Fish
lake for a few days, to give Ed
Rippeto some pointers on home
cooking.
Recently five trams of spelter
sawdust, at a warehouse in the!from Trail, passed . through
rear of the former Swayne House j Greenwood on the way to the
caused the fire brigade, to string}coast. The running time from
tbe hose for a few minutes. The j Midway to Ruby was 22 hours
1 damage was nil. ' says the Penticton Herald.
WANTS. ETC.
For Sale.���A Webster's Dictionary for three dollars, at The
Ledge office.
For Sale ���160 acres bottom
level land, sub-irrigated. Creek
and plenty of water. The best
land in tbe valley, a bargain.
Ledge office.
Last Thursday some burning
We wish to call your attention to
the fact that a licentiated Dentist
has opened offices at the Pacific
Hotel, and will render professional service to tbe public for the
following two weeks, between the
hours of 9 to 6. Evenings by
appointment. Phone ��6. Will
call at Greenwood every two
months to accommodate patients.
Rev. T. A. Heneage, assistant
commissioner of the Boy Scouts
for B. C. is spending a few days
in town.
An epidemic of chicken stealing has broken out at the Forks.
A few horse thieves and cattle
rustlers might do well at night
in Greenwood.
All those who entered in the
gopher competition should leave
their gopher tails with Chas.
Hartland in the Miner's Union
Hall, before Sept. 30.
Emile Leduc works in a hospital in Rossland. His sisters
wanted his time for military dutv
extended. Judge Brown granted
an extension until December.
Sunday next. Sept. 22, will be
observed as the Harvest Thanksgiving at St. Jude's Church.
There will be Holy Communion
at 8 a.m. and Evening Service at
7:30 p.m.
John Roderick and wife of
Burlington, Ontario, were in
town last week, accompanied by
James McNulty. They are settle-
ing the affairs of the late Tom
Roderick.
Mrs. Matilda Hamarstadt died
last Saturday, from cancer of the
throat, aged 51 years. The funeral took place on Tuesday, services being held in the Presbyterian church.
Steel will be laid on the K. V.
branch line from Princeton to
Copper Mountain, as far as the
Mill Site by November. By next
July the road will be completed
to Copper Mountain.
Charles Dempsey has retired
from active service at the Emma
mine, aud will increase the sunshine in Greenwood for a few
weeks, previous to taking a look
at, the salt sea waves near Vancouver.
For stealing wheat from the
Osoyoos 'hind & Cattle Co., near
Sidley, Albert Edward Benson
appeared before Judge Brown on
Tuesday. He was sentenced to
three months at hard labor in
Nelson jail.
The Electric Light Co. will
not be responsible for any more
street lights that are broken by
boys throwing stones or otherwise. Since last March 24 globes
have been destroyed in this manner on two poles alone.
Recruiting Sergeant P. W.
Forest is in the Boundary looking
for men that will enlist with the
1st Canadian Siberian contingent.
A-2 men between the ages of
19-42 are eligible and men who
want to go with this contingent
should apply at once to Sergt.
Forest at Grand Forks.
Mr. and Mrs. W. C. Arthurs
departed for the coast on Monday, but have not yet decided
where they will locate. Mr.
Arthurs was one of the most progressive and enterprising citizens
that Greenwood eyer had, and he
will be missed by a large circle
of friends who wish him prosperity wherever he goes.
After .prospecting ; all: summer
without finding a new million
dollar property, R. A. Brown has
returned, and will get busy developing the Volcanic on the
North Fork. Mr. Brown informed The Ledge some time ago that
some day there would be 100
smelters on the North Fork. He
is an optimist of high degree,
and perhaps his word will come
true.   '[  .  .
The Boundary Women's institute acknowledges with many
thanks the prizes donated to
Masquerade Ball and all other
donations: T. M. Gulley, cut
glass dish; H. W. George, pair of
boots; G. A. Rendell, pair of
boots; J. L. Coles, blouse set;
Lee & Bryan, $5 worth, of groceries; cash donations which totaled
84.75; Masonic Lodge for use of
Dance Hal J; also a vote of thanks
to T. Thomas for flowers that he
gave during the season at the ice
cream parlor.
The Masquerade Ball last Friday night, in aid of the Red
Cross and Sailors Fund was a
social and financial success, net
proceeds amounting to $105. The
success of the Dance was largely
due, to the large attendance from
points outside of town. The
prize winners follow, Mrs. J. B.
McLeod, cut glass dish; Mr. Mal-
iot, pair of boots; Ralph Pond
pair of boots; Miss Bryan, blouse
set: S. T. Larsen, $5 worth of
groceries; Mrs. Geo, S. Walters
as Charlie Chaplin, received a
ham which was bought by the
cash donations.
Western Float
A live newspaper Is of little U8e
in a cemetery.
Steel ships will soon be built at
Prince Rupert.
Tbe railways in Canada employ
170,000 people.
At Prince George the goat industry is growing rapidly.
MeaBles killed 12 Indians this
summer around Fort McLeod.
Some people say there will be a
provincial election next spring.
Tbe greatest disaster to a community is fehe loss of its newspaper.
Tent caterpillars promise to
become a pest in the Fraser valley.
Grapes are 25 cents a pound in
Prince Rupert, and 4 cents in California.
Recently at one time 100 fishing
boats were at the wharves in Port
Alberni.
The schools of New Westminster
employ 72 teachers, the same number as last term.
For allowing a chimney to cacch
fire, the Jubilee Hospital in Victoria was fined $10.
After being a missionary for 61
years Wm. Duncan died in Alaska
last month, aged 86 years.
Mrs. McKay of the Windsor
hotel in Rupe died suddenly from
heart disease, aged 74 years.
A cold storage plant will be built
at Rope, that will hold a million
pounds of fish, and 450 tons of ice.
Who is that handsome lady in
Nelson who lost a fortune, becanse
she did not answer the right letter?
What is the name of that man
in the Slocan, who has ten barrels
of whiskey buried in an old shaft?
John Niven died in Dawson last
month. He had lived a long time
at Gold Bottom and was 82 years
old.
Any town can be mined by a
bunch of tightwads, and gronchers
who stand still and whine all the
time.
The grain crop in Manitoba,
Saskatchewan and Alberta this
season, amounts to half a billion
bushels.
In the Skeena district there are
20,670 people, over 16 years of age.
Prince Rupert has a population of
5000 all told.
Fifty years ago it took 31 days
for mail to reach Victoria frou:
England. The C. P. R. was unknown at that time.
On the Queen Charlotte Islands
black bears are very numerous.
Their skins are of little use owing
to the mild uature of the climate.
At Chilliwack, Max Green and
P. M. Boyle were each fined $100,
for keeping liqnor in other places
besides their dwellings. They
should keep it in Phoenix.
British Columbia has a finer
climate than California, but it is
not advertised. In these days you
must advertise or the world will
not know that your are alive.
The fishermen on the Skeena
river last month demanded 45
cents a fish from the canners, instead of 30 cents. The canneries
granted the raise, rather than be
bothered with a strike.
John Martin and John Rabbit,
mushed from Dawson to Fort McPherson this month in 20 days.
They are lucky. They will not
have to read the daily papers, until they come back in the spring.
At Graham Island says the Rupe
News, when residents desire to
move they place their houses on
spruce logs, and raft them to a
new location. A grocery store was
recently taken that way from Port
Clements to Buckley Bay, without
jarring any of the goods on the
shelves.
During the Boer War, Crazy
Horse Pearson was the biggest
coward in the British army. He
narrowly escaped being Bhot several times by officers, for stampeding in front of the enemy. He
was always nervous and trying to
get into the hospital, upon a plea
of sickness. He should have
stayed in Easlo and devoted his
time to feeding hold-outs, and raising cold-decks.
Somewhere
Mr. Flatbush���So your husband
is "somewhere in France?"
Mr. Flatbush���But don't you
know where?
Mrs. Bensonhurst��� No.
Mr. Flatbush���Don't you feel
somewhat concerned?
Mrs. Bensonhurst���Why, no.
When he was here I knew he waa
somewhere in America, bnt half of
the time I didn't know whsre.
B. C. Mining News
It is reported that platinum exists near Quesnel.
The payroll of the Trail smelter
is about $130,000 a month.
At the Bosun near New Denver,
���a compressor  has been  installed.
Many companies are being formed to drill for oil near Vancouver.
LaBt year 24000 wells were
drilled for oil in the United States.
It is quite likely that the Tulameen river, will soon be dredged
for platinum.
Up to date the Consolidated has
paid in dividends to its shareholders $4,763,659.
The gold production in California has materially decreased during the past year.
Wm. Thomlinson has been testing the old placer diggings in the
Lardo for platinum.
The B. C. near Eholt is coming
back, and ie shipping good copper
ore to the Greenwood smelter.
During the first eight months of
this year, 108 mines shipped a total
of 233,610 tons of ore to the Trail
smelter.
The Consolidated has surveyed
the Rock Candy group, the fluorspar property, a few miles from
Greenwood.
The Yukon Gold Co. near Dawson, will continue operations, in
Bpite of the increased cost of producing gold.
On Sage creek in the Flathead
valley, one company has an oil
well down 1500 feet, with quite a
showing of gas.
High grade molybdenite has
been found in the Cariboo, about
30 miles from Lac La Hae. The
ledge is four feet wide.
There is plenty of magnetite iron
ore on the west coast of Vancouver Island. There should be a
smelter on Barclay Sound.
During August the Lasfe Chance
at Republic, Wash., shipped 1500
tons of ore. The gross value was
812 a ton, principally in gold.
Clarence Cunningham has been
examining claims in the Upper
Duncan. The mining king should
take a look at Greenwood properties
The Yukon council will expend
$5,000 to help build a wagon road
to the new Mayo silver mines.
Unlike gold, silver mining is looking up in fehe Yukon.
Greenwood would soon become
a yonng and lusty Butte, if all its
tributary mineral resources were
in full action. Labor and capital
can produce this in a short time.
The Bluebell at Riondell was
first staked in 1865. Without
staking, a tunnel was run on the
property 93 years ago by Hudson
Bay men, in order to get lead for
bullets.
It is reported that a rich strike
of free milling ore has been made
on Ladner creek in the Hope
Mountain, and that a stamp mill
is soon to be erected. Most of the
ground has already  been located.
Several claims said to contain
antimony, were recently staked
not many miles from Dawson, in
tha Yukon. The locations are
along Fysh creek, and the ore can
be easily freighted to Dawson on
sleds. Billy Walked is fehe man
whp made the original location.
There is a large deposit of carbonate of .soda near Clinton.
Samples have been sent to a firm
in Australia, thafe uses carbonate
of soda in the making of rice
starch, and it is more tl an likely
that this firm will develop, instead
of procuring its soda from England.
Serpentine should be closely examined by prospectors. In this
kind of a formation platinum,
chrome, asbestos and many other
valuable minerals and precious
stones are found. Some diamonds
were recently found near Greenwood in this kind of a formation.
Those two ghost camps of the
west, Fairview and Camp McKinney, promise to materialize again
in a few months. The Consolidated has done mach work in those
camps this year, and when electric
jnice is available the hum of industry will again be heard in those
camps of other days.
The owners of gold mines in the
Yukon, would like to have the
government assist them by giving
a bonus on gold, and abolishing
royalties. Some mines in fehe
north work under great expense.
Even in peace times it costs three
times as much to mine in the
Ynkon as it doe3 in B.C. It costs
seven cents to freight supplies from
Dawson to Glacier. At the latter
camp hay and feed costs $200 a
ton.
Isn't the horse a peculiar animal?"
"In what wa}?''
"Why, he can always eat best
[ when he hasn't a bit in his
' mouth.'-'���Albany Argus, 2H3    I<EDGE.   -.GREE1OT0.0B.    &   ft
\
Percherons in the West
More      Percherons    Imported    Into
Losing Good Wheat
A Great Waste of Grain at Thresh-
Canadian Officer Saves
Roumanians From Exile
Canada   Than  Any  Other
Breed
Din
ing Time
I:-. a 1
.   .    !.\L
ecrelarv.-  ol   llic ' < �����
. : ,       -Uu
Amcriea,   \\ MO
CuScura Promotes Beauty
Of Hair and Skin
Tf tltc Soap ;s used for every-day
toilet purposes assisted by occasional
touches of Cuticura Ointment to first
sig-ns of pimples, redness, roughness
or dandruff. Do not confound these
fragrant super ��� creamy emollients
with coarsely medicated, often dangerous preparations urged as substitutes.   �� ,,
Sample Each FresbyMoi!. Address postcard:   ���Cuticura, Dept  N. Boiton, U.S. A."
Sold by dealers throuKhout tlie world.
\\ ayiic j inisinore.
i 1 erchen-m   Societ \-   i
i was   timoiii;   tin-   \ i<i��. us   at     (.'.il.uary i
i Fair,     s;*id     that     in     ilie     eighteen
j months   sinee   January   1,   1017,   ih-ro
j hud   been   more  J 'ere in'iotis   imported
into t'auada than any other breed of
[ animals,   not     excluding     the    sliol'L-
h"iiis. ami placed tlie fit;tire ;it over
'1.U00.
(.'���co.   Lane   said
��� negotiations  for   t
i oi registered J'crelieron mares and
!>tallioiis to go to h.ugland as soon.
;a.s  shipping  space  could  be  obtained,
and Air. Dinsmore declared he ex-
'��� i-eeti-d in the near future that .Amer-
: ica would be shipping IVrclu-rons
ibaek to their native fiance. l!ii__
J breed having been in such demand
t lor  v.ar  purposes.
tier to the Drovers' Journal,
U'Xeill   of   Kalamazoo   county, I
,'au.  calls    attention       to       the |
of grain at threshing time.  He
he   bud  completed !���1::'-*-s ,,l;n
e  sale   of a  bunch.   k'T''     _��V
Prayer Before Attack
ue'
.ii t
..1    lhe    ib
;i    I- hinder--
iii'-e   walls
e   was   that
jumpe
the
I   one
��� > r \\ ;iv
h,inland a
of    a
IHTV.il!-
tbrobbiiis;
"inuission oi
thundering
tne
its
Simple  and  Serious  as Befitting   the
Time and  Place
In the hlaokiie,,
tiny ihiuie (piiverec
of what iiad iieen
bui w c ^ no\s j;;>i
bit. Tl c liny llaii
I*li mi ml; eaudie. It
l.e ami liiekered in
darkness under the
artilh-rv u inch w a
message   at   the  German   trenches.       |
i-ioiii   the   various     points     of     tile
mght   came   men   in   twos  and  threes,'
and   now   and   then   a     small     squad'
would   march   towards   the   tiny  light,'
entering at  the "door" and disappearing into tlie interior of the place that '���
bad once been  :i  home.    A  man clad
in  a  long  cassock   with   white  sleeves,
���came towards the little fiaiiic. ;
''1 here are no lamps aud no oil,'
boys," he said. ".Ml we have is this,
candle.     What   shall   we   do?"
"Carry  on,"  replied   the  boys. j
_P*iit someone discovered a handful]
of candles, and these were served'
out, the boys sticking them on tlie'
top of their helmets, where they!
burned lit fully. .At the end of the :
poor, abno.st roofles- building, amid ;
tlie pile of rubbish
I'M'-" oi ammunition
Population of a City Lot
Two and a Half Millions of   Bugs in
One Ace of Land
Tn a  little  town  in  Illinois,  George
N.   W.deott   conducted   an
li"n  to  Inn!  cmt  how  manv
or   rather   forms   ,.,i  animal
habited   ;m   acre   of   city   land,
count   in  a  city  lol.  obtained  by
tiplyini;   the   contents   of   a   hue
by   the   figures   requires   for   an
>ed   the   fact   that   there  ar
mvestiga-
animals���
life���i ii-
'i' he
disclosed
tv. een    two   and   a   half   luilii'm
lii-.-tssiioppers,   locusts,   crickets,
roaches,   earwigs,   lantern   flies,
lice,  aphids   and   other  bugs  in
acre  of  land.
There will be
variation in the
(lie  season   in   whieh  it
mul-
-ttul
acre. ,
e  be-1
of j
cork-
plant I
one '
"1   rend  your editorial    about    sal*
eaging   binder   twine.     There  is     an-
jotiier set ions loss in connection    witli
; the grain crop.    It is the grain  which
I goes   into     the    straw     stack     when
| threshing  with  blowers.     Most    machines  have  them.     If yon  want    to
big   this   loss   is   go   out
imjer the blower some time and sec
ii  you don't think you tire in a hailstorm."
'i lie amount of grain blown over
every year is worth thinking about,
ll is well known that the amount
varies and some loss is unavoidable.
Tiie loss is largest in old, wornout
threshing machines, or poorly operated machines, when th.e grain is
fed through the machine unevenly
and. too rapidly, and when grain is
light in weight or in dump or bad
condition.
I hese conditions can be partially
controlled. The use of threshing machines owned by a ring of farmers
results in better separation of the
giant .and straw since the work is not
sh likely to be rushed. It is done with
the idea of doing it well rather than
running- out a large number of bush-
eis.
On the other    hand the widespread
lack o;  experienced   labor    this    ycar
necessity of using many men
perhaps .never pitched a
a     machine,    will    work
ami the
v. ho    have
bundle  into
of  course,  n    large
count,   according   to
is made.   For
made
example, there is a one-third increase
in the population in the spring over
that in the autumn, owing to the rapid multiplication of earthworms.���
Popular   Science.
against  clean   threshing.
There is bound to bc a certain
amount of grain run over, however,
and thc only sure way and the best
way known of recovering this waste
j is to keep enough cattle and hogs on
' the farm to cat up all grain that is
lost in the straw as well as th.e grain
that is  left in  the field.
md   dust,   was  a I t'aucasu
i\es, over which : l.itovsk
Dutch Appeal to Germans
Condemn the    Brest-Litovsk    Peace
Treaty and Paris Bombardment
Just when the recent tension between the governments of Germany
and Holland was at its most acute
stage the Dutch section of the league of neutral countries came out
with an appeal to the German people sharply condemning the banding
over to the tender mercies of the
Turks the -Armenians living in thc
as provided in the Brest-
peace"     treaty,     and      de-
Minard's  Liniment Cures  Dandruff,
Convoy System
Has Saved Lives
Vessels     Lost      While
Bound  Since Jan.  1,   1918,
Almost Nil
Col. Joseph Boyle of Yukon    Plays
Heroic Role in Defending
Hapless People
Colonel Joseph Boyle, a Canadian
officer, from thc Yukon, lias become
the popular hero of Roumania and
wears tiie highest Roumanian decoration within the gift of the king, for
saying a number of Roumanian deputies from the hands of the Russian
bolshcviki, according to travelers
reaching France from Jassy, the
temporary Roumanian capital.
Soon after the Russian Bolshcviki
broke oft" relations with Roumania
last January, as thc result of alleged anti-Bolsheviki activities on
tbe part of thc Roumanian deputies
several of these officers were arrested at Odessa following the invasion
of Bessarabia by Roumanian troops.
Tbey were sentenced to exile to Se-
bastopol and were placed on board a
ship to be deported. None of <hcm
knew what their fate might be and
everyone was convinced thcy would
never see their native country again.
Colonel Boyle pleaded in their behalf with tltc Bolshcviki leaders and
insisted upon their innocence. Thc
Bolshcviki authorities were deaf to
his appeals and would nol revoke
the sentence of exile. Colonel Boyle
then declared that if the Roumanian
deputies were deported bc would
share their fate. A special steamer
conveyed the deputies and Colonel
Boyle to Schastopol, where, after a
stay of several days, during which
Ihe parly suffered many hardships,
Colonel Boyle finally convinced thc
Russians that thc Roumanians were
innocent and all were released.
Colonel Boyle took them back to
Odessa by the steamer on which
they were deported to Schastopol
and accompanied them to Jassy,
where he was given a great reception by thc people and the government. King Ferdinand awarded liim
thc Crown of Roumania, the highest  Roumanian  decoration.
Colonel Boyle is six feet tall,
rugged and broad as thc country lie
comes from. It was hc who, when
all other means of communication
were impossible, carried from Jassv
Homeward I to Odessa thc Roumanian peace
terms with the Bolshcviki, thus preventing hostilities, which at thc time
i
a   I nion  Jack  had   been   draped.    Ou[ nouueing   the    long-range     bomhurd-
tlie   top   lay  au   open   book. menl   of   Paris.     Kxcerpts   from     the
Tiie   ii ni ii   with   the   cassock   began i protest,   as   printed   iu   De   Telegraaf
to read, droning his w'ords as he bent; of  Amsterdam   ou  April   24,   follow:
over the book, beside which a candle ' "To   the   German   ]
bad  been  placed,     lie  read   for  about
live   minutes.     The   only   background
ot   sound   ior his  droning  voice    was
the   rumble  of   exploding   shells    and
the  wail  of the missiles  ;ts  they hurtled   through   the   air.       The     candles
gave   a   ghostly     radiance       to       tliciwholl.   VQfl��       Qnce   agah]   u,c   Ar
...���ermati   .reopie:
"As   free    Netherlander*     we     ad-
! dress you.     We  consider it  our  duty
ito   point   out   to   you  the   impression
that   the   latest   deeds   done   by    your
rulers,  or  performed  with   their  connivance, is  bound  to  make upon  the
scene.
The man with the cassock censed
to drone and knelt beside his altar
oi  ammunition  boxes.
A. Jew minutes, later be rose. .This
time lie -spoke loi.i-.llv.   '���
! inenian peopl
!bands  of
|     '"There
'any  other   treaty
j stipulation   as   tlie
are delivered into  thc
the Turks.
never  was  incorporated  in
Speaking iu the British house of
commons, Sir Leo Money, parliamentary secretary to the ministry of
shipping-, said the percentage of ships
lost while homeward bound to thc
United Kingdom since January- 1,
1918, was rather more than one pcr
cent. Tlie losses of food ships for
tiie saute period was less'than 1.4 per
ecu i.
The result of the convoy system,
Sir Leo said, continued to improve.
Since January, 1917, when the system was put into effect, 42 million
fi'ross ton; bad been convoyed to
British and French ports with a loss
up to June 29 of 1.29 pcr cent. This
included loss by the dispersal of
convc-vs through bad weather.
I seemed imminent.
"Boys," he said
burring tone, "ther
the  'Obi   Hundred.'     J.ct  u
So   they .sang   the   "-Old
then
off s
in'  his     Scottish
's   nothing     like
sing."-
I und'red,"
eartii
per
another  hymn.  A  crash   not  far
book  the  building  and   made  llic
the  boys stop-'
���R,-
'live.  Some  <:
singing.
'av-,'' 'came    the
. ammunition   boNes.
is (retting the range.
And  let.each  do bis
next  live hours.   -God  bless  us al.l."
'lhe. candles  were  extinguished and
the   boys   came   out   of   the   wretched
building.      In   twos   and   threes    they
��� disappeared  in  the    blackness.     'The
'man   with,   the   cassock   was   the
to  leave.    As   he   came   through
such a- horrible
one in' the peace
oi Jiresl-l.iiovsk, whereby the Russian provinces of Kars, Batum, and
Ardakcn were given to the Turks as
prey. 'I'llrough this stipulation ��� of
the pence .'treaty a fresh sentence of
inariyrdom and death has been pronounced upon .hundreds' of thou-'
sands.    It has brought.the horror of
ONE TOUCH OF PUTNAM'S
STOPS CORN SORENESS
The   Pill    That    Brings    Relief.���
When, after one has partaken of a
meal, hc is oppressed by feelings of
fulness and pains in thc stomach, he
suffers from dyspepsia, which will
persist if it bc not dealt wilh. Parmc-
lec's Vegetable Pills arc the very
best medicine that can bc taken to
bring relief. These pills arc specially
compounded to deal with dyspepsia,
and their sterling qualities in tins respect can be vouched for by legions
of users.
The Meaning of
Wilson's Meaning'
in
Window Food Displays
Some    Splendid    Exhibitions    Have
Recently Been Arranged by
Merchants
Window displays to assist the
cause of food conservation arc being
made all over the Dominion. Among'
the many striking examples may be
mentioned recent windows by
Gcrth's, Ltd., Montreal; J. i\ Cairns,
Ltd., Saskatoon; Manchester, Robertson, Allison, Ltd., St. John; and
John Robertson & Sons, Ltd., Montreal. Gcrth's, Ltd., arc well-known
tobacconists and iu place of the" usual display of tobaccos, cigars, pipes,
etc., bags of Hour and sugar, rounds
of beef and cuts of. bam were shown
with a background featuring the
words: "Not alone your government,
gut our boys al thc front ask you to
conserve on the four essentials,
White Bread, Bacon, Beef and Sugar." In all cases the posters showing "Canada's Opportunities," issued
by the Canada food board, were utilized to advantage. Some weeks ago
an illustrated booklet on window display was issued by the conservation
publicity section of the food board,
giving- instructive ideas for this class
of work, which window dressers
bave not been slow to use, and often
to improve upon.
Miller's Worm Powders are not
surpassed by any other preparation
as a vermifuge or worm destroyer.
Indeed, there arc few preparations
lhat have the merit that il has to recommend it. Mothers, aware of its
excellence, seek its aid at thc first indication of the presence of worms in
their children, knowing that it is a
perfectly trustworthy medicine that
will give immediate and lasting relief.
War Garden Bulletin
The Home Storage of VegetaL-es for
Winter Use
As a war-time measure no form of
food conservation is more important
than the home storage of vegetables
for winter use. The war gardener
should not put oil" making his storage preparations. Included iu thc list
of vegetables to be stored arc potatoes, beets, carrols, parsnips, onions,
celery, cabbage, cauliflower, brussels
sprouts, winter squash, turnips and
beans.
Good results depend largely upon
ventilation, thc regulation of temperature, sufficient moisture, and the
quality of thc vegetables stored. For
sonic vegetables thc pantry shelf or
thc attic are satisfactory places of
storage. For other;* outdoor storage
is preferable.
In some places several neighboring families form community clubs
to provide storage facilities. In this
way complete provision is made for
handling v.'iuter supplies at slight
trouble and expense to the individual
household. Several familics_ might
household. Several families might get
lars, or thcy might share in the use
of an available building conveniently
located, in which large quantities of
vegetables  might be  stored.
voice  trom  the
"Brother    Irlochc
1 .et us disperse,
damndest in-the i "iff
Upon     numberless     women
��� iloijrivy v
?audle.'. "'I
uigii;.-' ���
What  v.
'it   was
dishonor
and   girls  ...
"And  while  such   things' arc .occur
in   thc   east,   your   cannon      are.j
! bombarding   Paris.     ' _\"ot   .'during    a
'siege   of   the     city     when     it's      fall
[might   be   of   importance   in   bringing
1 about  peace,  but   in   a  way   tltal   can
,,.. ilnn'e no oilier effect than the killing
];isi!r,f  defenceless persons, and, perhaps,
diejthe  destruction  of some  of  the bean-
iiildiii
M"o  need  to   walk  on   lhe  edge  of
your sole.s to save a sore corn���Putnam's-brings instant reiicf.    Apply it
to a tender corn, and watch that corn
.shrivel, and dry up. Absolutely pain-
j less.   No matter how  tough the corn
j is, yo.i.i'- can peel it right off by using
| Putnam's Painless   Corn    Extractor.
I Costs  but a  quarter���why pay  more
J for something not so good. Get Putnam's toda'v.
attael-
I^ailv
le bctu and  blew  out- Uin.i tiful -'_biiilcl_iiiy;.s  and   monuments     that
toci.y.ent   into    the   .''''":''"'''ille   to   the.   fame     of   F.iirope.
..''������-'.'��� '.Tins   insane, . useless ��� shelling   of      a
riS]c [centre   of   the   civilized   world   is.   a
before   the ' s':iP ' in   lhc   face   of  the .work!   itself,
M. in  London! 's'"���''��� "Hap   i"' the.  faces   of    counties*
[thousands   oi- your   own   countrymen
._._ ,. who  loved   this   ancient  and  brilliant
city because of its beautiful and  historic worth, ami who ..must ask them-
! lien   lie
.vas it? you may
.a' night" servi.ci.
��� daybreak.-
The Keystone Province
Big Land Sales. .
' A'-groat increase in 'farm/, laud
sab-s all over Alberta is indicated by
the amount of business pLtsshur
through the land titles oflic'cs inl-'.d-
tiiouton and Calgary,..as rcporjed. .10
the provincial govcnini-'nt. The futures show. that..'there' has been. ���'.' al-
're'a.d>-, -this year an activity in this
direction, the like of. which has .not
. been known since ih
1913.       ���
boom  da vs. of
elves what 'will be the position after
:t.be war- of the German nation that
��� cannot content itself witli remaining
; estranged from the rest, of the
j.world.for   good. :���
j "Ue again raise our voices in pro-
| lest and we consider it all the more
���our duty- to. do so just at this mo-
I'liicni; now that your cneiiiics:h;ivc
J requisitioned our ships for lhc_ pur-
, pose of fighting you more effectively.
From a Speech by Lord Dufferin De^
livered in Winnipeg,  Sept.
"29, 1876
From its -geographical, position,
and its peculiar characteristics, -Manitoba -may be'regarded as the keystone of that mighty arch of sister
provinces which spans tbe continent
from-the .Atlantic-to-thc'Pacific'. \-r. ,        ���,,
It-was here that Canada, emerging  German, people will
i,     4.-...J?��� Iaway- their delusion
"The Past  and  the Present   are
Deadly Grapple
We hope General Ludendorff and
his master, we hope every German
intelligent enough, to understand the
president's    meaning,
soberly consider this -Muum   ����..����!..      ,   ,. . . .
address.   It is  the  handwriting upon   and.lips  grow   pale,   and
the wall for all of them. "There can
be but    one  issue.      The  settlement
must be final. There can be no compromise/no half-way decision   would
bc tolerable.    No half-way decision is
conceivable."      No    compromise     is
possible when "thc past and thc pres
cut  are in   deadly    grapple."
promise is surrender, it is defeat, and
lite enemy is ruthless.'  Let the German war party, from-thc kaiser down
to .the dullest Junker, weigh well this
lirst of the four declarations  of  war
aims made by lhc president:-
"The destruction of every .arbitrary power anywhere that can separately, secretly, or of its single
choice disturb the peace of thc world;
or if it cannot bc perfectly destroyed,
at least its reduction .to-virtual,   im-
WHEN Y0URC0L0R FADES
will read and . W1,c" a girl-or a "woman-finds
Mount Vernon !llcr, ��,or aiding, when her cheek,
and.lips grow pale, and she gets
short of breath easily and her heart
palpitates after slight exertion, or
under the least excitement, it. means
that she is suffering from anameia���
thin, watery blood. Headache and
backache frequently accompany this
condition, and  nervousness  is    often
Com-  P"?.���1- ���      ,
J. lie   rented v
pbtence.
That,  means    Germany  and   Ger-
j many alone.    It means   that,   if   the
not  in   time  put
woods    and.forests,   first-way tlte.r aeiusion^ and    set;  their
' 'loot    upon    the  necks of their  mad
masters, then Germany must be destroyed or brought so near to destruction thai she .will iio. longer be
a power for evil. It is worth while
for any sane people to take, heed of
so . terrible., aii.'admonition, spoken by
the authoritative voice of a score of
nations that have the power to e_xc-
i-'cutc. the threat.���From, the New
[York Times.
Pa  Was  a   Lawyer
what do they mean by
"i'o[
die?"
'"That   refers     to    a
vanccrl   by.   the   other
vill.e' C-'.'.uri'-r-lournal.
twa:l-
guments      ad
.side."-���Lotus
QwftTasie
ou can vary
thc strength
ofyour       :
Instant
Just How is t.he lime to tell yoii t
yoii   need   not  believe .we   Ifollandei*;
are   so  corrupted as  to  pay  attention
��� to voices that want."to '.deceive us
!���"regarding our real interest, which is
: flit- 'sa'm'e as that of humanity.. . \\ e
. in us t.' be- 'g lad' that our <diijis." are *o
:   sail   for the: salvation of  the -Franee
i.tortured  by  tlie   barbarous  commands
| of ��� your   military   rulers  .  . v
i   ��� "Ue hope    that    you  Genu.-ins. will
��� have lhe -scales'-'fall from yi>iir eyes
| before it is forever too late and the
j whole -'world, rises up against the-op-
j pri-sMoi! for which y.itir rulers are
���i prcparin-ir  .  ���   ���   Vour  leaders want  to
'I give you. the hegemony oi" h.urope.
i That they will never succeed in doling, despite all . military victories.
I-.I luiuaniiy has ti'dvaneed too far to
lal'ow .it-e!f  tn  again   be -subjected   10
est-
the
from   he
gazed upon her rolling prairies and
unexplored Northwest, "and learnt as
by an unexpected revelation . that- her
historical territories of the " Canadas,.
her eastern seaboards'- of New Brunswick; Labrador, and Nova Scotia, her
Laurentiah lakes . and valleys, corn
lands and pastures, though themselves more ��� extensive than half a
dozen Furopeau kingdoms, were but
i the vestibules and ch.nibers to -'that
then
for tbis condition is
to build, up the blood, and for this
purpose there is no medicine can
equal Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. Thcy
build up and renew the blood, bring
brightness to the eyes, color to the
cheeks, and a general feeling of renewed health and energy. The only
other treatment needed is plenty of
sunlight, moderate exercise and
good, plain food.. The girl or woman who gives this .treatment a fair
trial will soon find-herself enjoying
perfect health.
You can get Dr. Williams'_. Pink
Pills from any dealer iu medicine, or
by mail postpaid at 50 cents a. box
or six boxes for $2.50 from The Dr.
Williams' Medicine Co., Brockviile,
Out. ���    . '
:1'! till    then    undreamed    of  Doiiiinion,
whose    inimitable    dimensions   alike
confound   the/, arithmetic .of   llic  surveyor and the verification of the cx-
orer. ���    .
Where Surplus Wheat Is
-.if
if
ll-eii
ia   vnke   such   as   the   peace   of   I!r
j l.itovsk   wants   to   iinpn.e   upon
i peoples   of   eastern   l.tirope.
"Vour   leaders   have   debased     you
Plenty of Wheat to   Go    Round
It was hence tha^counting her past | \ 'ShiP* Were AyaUable;
achievements'as but..The preface and j There is little" reason to fear, that
prelude to her future exertions and > the Gerniah submarines will accom-
expanding destinies, she took a fresh plish Tlicir purpose ot starving the
departure, received the_ afflatus of a .allied'nations into.-submission,-, but it
more'imperial inspiration, and felt | is only necessary 'to. take an iuven-
herseli no longer a' 'inert! settler; lory of the world's stock of wheal
along tlie banks.-of a sii'fdc river, but i in order to'.realize'lhat there arc rca-
111���_��� owner of halt a continent, and in | sons for charging the under-watcr
! the ..magnitude of-bei- -possession, in | boat's with The necessity lor coiisid-
"-h    of Tier resources, in   ihcjerable  tightening of belts..   As  these
llic i lines are written, there, is in the
1 United States oiil\-.-20,flOO,UOU- bushels
lot wiieut to supplv tlie -normal requirement's of 11X 1,0000,000 .bushels
j until flour from the new crop is
re" j available. But Australia has an cx-
thc I portable  surplus of 180,000,000 bus 1^
tl:e
'sin
of her     material  might,
anv power, on-the .earth;
Calico's Lineage
Calico was originally woven arid
painted by the Egyptians. That was
long, long ago. -Two .hundred years
ago a laborious method of printing
.was''invented for it in the town of
Calicut.'' India.- Hence its name.
The pattern was first traced on the
cotton in a colorless liquid, after
which lhe stuff was.dipped in a
dye���only the parts first treated tak-r
ing thc color. This method somewhat resembled Batik work, though
that is done 'with wax.
V
A Picture
with Each Purchase
Each time yon buy a package
of Ingram's Toilet aids or Perfume yoar druggist will give you,
without charge, a large portrait
uf a world-famed motion picture
actress. Each time yoa get a
different portrait so yoa make a
collection for your home. Ask
yoar druggist.
F. F. Ingram Co, Windsor, Ontario
[ouycraiM
Face*. Powdery
The daintiness of a complexion always"
free from oiliaess and shininess is the
desire of every woman. Best of all powders is Ingram's Velveola Sonveralne
Face Powder. It keeps the skin smooth
and attractive. Hides minor blemishes,
the little wrinkles, and blends so mar-
velonsly with the complexion that it is
scarcely visible. It adheres even tho
the skin be warm and moist, and it hjis
a refined aad gentle fragrance, 50c.
Forthe sake of youthful charm, u9e Ingram's Milkweed Cream. Its daily use
enables you to retain the charm and
color of girlhood. It is curative and
healthful for the Bkin tissues. Two sizes,
50cand$1.00. Your druggist has ai^-i-
plete line of Ingram's toilet procf5*y��
includingZodentaforthe teeth, 25c.
(v.)
Britain was Near to
Irretrievable Disaster
U-Boat  one  of the Greatest    Perils
Against  Which the  Allies
Have to Fight
Thc great body of thc British
nation fails to realize how near Britain came to irretrievable disaster because of the German U-boats, said
Frederick George Kcllaway, secretary to the minister of munitions,
speaking in an English Midland
town last week.
In discussing thc submarine peril,
Mr. Kcllaway said:
"The U-boat is still one of the
greatest perils against which the
allies have lo fight. Those who suppose wc shall ever bc able to abolish
these risks arc living iu a fool's paradise. But, thanks to thc navy, our
losses arc being brought to within
limits which thc allies can bear
without flinching.
"Recent returns show the losses of
munition ships from submarine warfare arc only about a quarter of
what tbey were when thc U-boat
campaign was at its height. There
havc been weeks, recently when the
Germans failed lo sink a single ton
of munitions."
Lord Bercsford, calling attention
to the demger from tinintcrned aliens
and expressing thc belief that many
ships have been torpedoed through
information furnished by spies, and
that a month ago thc British, allied
and neutral tonnage sunk amounted
approximately to 13,000 tons daily.
A fortnight ago it was 4,0U0 tons
dailv, and last week 3,000 tons daily.
These, he declared, were satisfactory
figures, and thc spies would be completely beaten when the British and
Americans got their large fleets of,
destroyers on the water.
The Sons: of Jean Bart
the
To the End
Until the Accursed Menace to    Our
Destinies Is Forever Banished
There is no though I of peace by
understanding with a victorious German}' among the Canadians at the
front. From an officer in France
iir. Walter Jessop of Toronto has
received a letter giving thc point of
view of the men over there. Hc
says:
"The French people impress me
very much. I do not think wc English really understand wdiat nationalism mcans. Wc send our soldiers to
fight, the French people seem to
fight with them. There's a big difference. It is a great inspiration to
see United States troops, together
wilh French and British, in the nearby towns. Thc more I sec of what
German domination has meant and
will mean if it is not wholly and
finally destroyed, the more I am
convinced that his business is Ayorth
going on with to the end. Thc other
day I saw a child weeping outside
the ruins of a cottage in thc street
of a shattered village. Perhaps it
had been her home ancl all her folks
had perished. I reflected���as the
pathos of it all was borne in upon
ine���that if ive were not here things
would  bc  like   that 'over  there.'
"The spirit of all ranks is one of
complete confidence, and so it behooves our people to maintain the
same unconquerable spirit at home���
to look up and not down, forward
and not backward, until the accursed
menace to our destinies is forever
banished from  the earth."
Minard's   Liniment for   Sale   Everywhere.
Modern Farming
How  Citi2ens  of Dunkirk Meet
German Air Raids
Mr. Ralph D. Paine, who is just
back from the allied fleets, spent
some lime in Dunkirk, the French
port so. near, the front, that German
aviators can visit it night after night.
Jn his book, "Thcv Fighting Fleets,"
hc tells of the spirit in which the
citizens of Dunkirk meet these raids.
"Another bomb wiis dropped, falling somewhat closer to- the .-Square
of Jean Bart. Then there came to
our ears a different sound���musical,
full-throated, uplifting���lhc song of
great bells.. It .'was no jangled
alarm. The bells were attuned and
chiming. They rang out a melody,
a chant brave and-martial which was
Hung from thc'high, belfry tower far
and wide over the tormented city.
They were vibrant with the spirit of
Dunkirk. They, were magnificently
defiant. Down in thc cellar: one
voice after another began to sing
the refrain, in unison with the bells.
The portly merchant-raised'his head
and.rumbled a basso while the lieutenant carried the -tenor. The landlord was beating time with his
crtitch. The children, silting up in
their cots, piped up in tones sweet
and shrill. Thc great bells were
quiet for a monicnt before . swinging:
into the chorus again, and during the
lull the landlord's wife explained,
with  shining .eyes:
"'Tlicy arc'singing it in niany
cellars. ' Always it is done. And always iii the belfry^ when the bodies
come to Lombard; tbe chimes, play
the "Hymn  of  lean  Bart."'
"'An old song���a song which Dunkirk loves,' cried the naval officer.
'This is why thc bodies try so hard
to b'onib the belfry���to silence The
"Hymn "of Jean   Bart."'
In the Time of Nero It To0k��Four
and a Half Days'  Labor to
Grow Bushel of Wheat
The Greeks and Romans were
long on art but short on bread. A
modern farmer with the practice of
modern scientific knowledge and thc
use of modern machines can with
three months' labor, raise as much
wheat as'.could an old Roman working ten hours a clay, six days a week
for all the weeks of his three score
and ten years. In llic lime of Nero
it look four and a half days' labor to
grow a bushel of wheal; when the
drill aud the reaper were invented it
took three hours; in the reign of
King George V. it lakes leu minutes.
No longer is the fanner a drudge.
'Today he is a man who mixes
brains with thc seeds he plants or
sows and.uses science in gathering in
his abundant harvests; Life on . thc
farm is becoming so pleasant' and
profitable tliat-men of the cities arc
seckking homes and employment on
the land..
to   the
world.
n i u ii t marc
oi
tl
ie
i-iv'ilized
by using either
more or less of
the powder to:
the cnp. A level
teaspooiifiil
seems'
ih
"l-ree yourselves! Th:it is llie only
way to save yourself from complete
damnation!"
Although the appeal wa< addressed t'"> the 'German people, none of
the. German newspapers'.- published
sub'si-qiifntuo- it.-j  appi-ar.-mev- in. . thy
More Fish Caught
lie   summary  of  the     fishing
suits in Canada, just ptiblhdicf
naval department of the Dominion j c]s 0f u]iich}M,000,OOU bushels was
government, shows that the iiiarkct- j ca,'rii,-d over from last vear. India
cd value, of British  Columbia fish  in j |ias  VJO600,000  bushels    stored      fot
1917 was $S-.0(H),000 more than m
191<i. This-increase,, although partly
due to increased, prices is not altogether so, for a greater quantity of
fish'has ' been produced, in spite- of
the fact that the usual big run of
srxki-ye 'salmon'."'in the Fraser rivr-r
! d^lri'el.-.: which . was   due  in   1917,   did
so-that  th"  pack  of. Ijttsi-s
export, of which 70,000,000 bushels
was carried over from last year.
Argentina has 14^,000,000 bushels
surplus, of. which 11,000,000 is old
wheat.   .
So il is not a problem of.wheat al:.
together;   in- fart,   it  is   not   a. wheat!
problem at all, considered on a world ! A as. lie a   Iiva
'.'."������'.���-..' "Liberty Day" :.
Why, then, should not the . allied
nations with common accord set
apart a day certain in each year
hereafter.'to. bc celebrated as a Liberty Day���to "commemorate : the
struggle and sacrifices -made in.-., the
gieat war for the freedom of
world, which began on August
191-4?'-Such a day need not take
place, of any national holiday;
should   commemorate   the   time.
liierelv  when   liberty   was  won
for
the
1st,
the
it
not
To have the children sound and
healthy is thc f -st care of a mother.
They cannot bc healthy if troubled
with worms. Usc. Mother Graves"
Worm. Exterminator.
nation, hut lhe time -when liberty
was saved to thc world. ��� Halifax
Chronicle.
Minard's  Liniment  Co.,  Limited.
Dear Sirs,���I   had  a  Bleeding  Tumor on .my face for a long tiiuc and
tried-a'number of remedies  without
anv good results.    1  was  advised \o.
/try. M.INARD'S    I..INIMEXT,     and
[after tising  several bottles .it.'..made
[a complete, cure, and it healed all up
and  disappeared  altogether.
.     DAVID HENDERSON..
Gelleisle Station/Kings Co., N. B.,
Sept. 17, 1904.
She Knew the Symptoms
"Charley,  dear,"  said  young    Mrs.
Torkins in a tone  that was kind but
firm,  "did  you   lei!  ine  you were up
with, a sick friend?"
nu
lit
late last
"Ves."
"What made
salmoii    was      only
cent,   of  an   ordinary
'bad   sufficient'shipping I to"   iu
< ''.ii.er  grades.,- bowevi
i    ���gretil'vr. (jiiaulilic.-;.
.transport  lhis,.whr;it.  thei\
������'plenlv for .everybody.-
wo\
ADelicjous Drink;
More ; Healthful
IhANlfeAORCOFrEE-
friend  feel  sick?
lifr?"���Wasiiing-
m.
hi
Besides the great batile of September, 1914, the Marnc valley lias been
the scene of two decisive battles of.
world history. At Vahiiy, in 1792, the
elder Kcllcrmaii had stemmed the
tide of invasion on the very day
when France, first declared herself a
republic. Thirteen centuries, earlier,
at ChalonSj the ��� Ilonian general Ac-
lius drove, back the Huns under At-
tila. The valley saw also sonic of tha
most brilliant of Napoleon's strategy
and all. eyes arc fixed upon it once
more at  ilie present   time.
The Real Test
. "That man is so honest lie wouldn't steal a "pin," said lhc admiring
friend.
"I never thought much of the pin
lest," answered idiss I'rppet-to.n. ������'Try
hitir witli an ' uiiibrclla!"���London
Answers.   " .
Xyy. i; i::Allies Lack Meat'_;��� -^
:. -.The allies'- live stock has...been".decreased to such an extent as to
mean 27 7r/c of home resources in
meat, 'llie percentages for the different countries   range  a=:  follows:
England, I-'.-; Belgium, 82.9;
Frjiire, 21.-4; Italy. 17.8; Germany,
2^3;  I'tiropean neutral  counliics, 0.9.
Hutton ��or Director
It U r.-poncd that 7rr. G. II. Hut-
ton, at present superin'endent of
th,' Do-mnion Experimental Farm at
Laenil-be, is likely to succeed Mr.
G. H. Gri.-dale as director of all Do-
tvEpi'to?*
War at Close Range
Margaret Dcland, thc New England novelist, writes from Paris:
"Over in America wc thought we
knew something about the war and
the conditions in France, but. when
you -jet hero the difference is as the
difference between studying the laws
of elcctrivity and being struck by
lightiihi'g.. I have been struck Ly
lightning.,-'-'- The only way. iri.: which
1 can keep sane and steady is to
look very, very closely at my own
immediate little trivial. foolUh job ���
writing or working in the canteen ���
for if I dure lo lift my t yes to thc
LLck  horizons,   1   lose iny  balance."
Couldn't  Understand  It
"When I. was a lad 1    was    never
naughty  like  you."
"\VI>at was  the matter  with     you,
par
Delicate     or    tomeihin'?"���St.
John Telegraph.
MONEY ORDERS
It is always sate to send  a
press   Money   Order.      Vive
three cents.
Dominion  Ex.
dollan ~ costi
it Was Correct
rihis
leader   w.i-^       h-uin-T      some
ti ouble
with   icit..:".  p-.ipik   iu  gram-
llcer.
"X.n
lit'le   arirl.  v. o.ild  it  lv   pr<>-
per to
v.iv, 'Vu.i i;r. i 1 .^ii! mc any-
thine .'"
������\v-
i:i. it. v.��� tiM." icplied lhe  girl.
"Oh!
lVriiapi  yy.i  " c.iii     tell      me
"siyiOK i: i^tM&w&V&M'
!qu^;GPARs��^f0f^
COOK'S   COTTON   ROOT  C0MP00NB
A Daft, nkcbk Kfulatint tr��A
c/nt. Sold Id three deeree* ��
strength. No. J�� $i t No. 2. Wf
No. 3. V> per bor. Sold by ��U
drug-cists, or aent prepaid U
plain package on receipt c|
Price. Free pamphlet Add re*
THB COOK MSDICINB CO
Tennlc.OrL (Fvmtrly Wind**?
'" ���.'������������,....-. .,,��� ---i'
VMS NSW PREHCH REMEDY. N'l. M.2. MrS-
TH ERAPION -S����h&
re*t J;iC(.C"y CUBES CllltOMCTCEAXNCSS,LOST VIGO��
VIM, KID1��Y, BLADDIK, DISEASES, (LOOD POlSOH,
rit.ES. EITHKA Nv.SXUaaiSTSeCMASl.il. FOST 4 Cil
roi-OEKAC0. W, BEEKVAS >T.KS1�� YO*K OT LYMAN Bun*
t0*O!lTO. WKITE ��OR TREK ��OOK TO 3*. LI Cl-EM
HED.CO.HAfKEirOCKKD.HAMrSTEAD, LOMSOM. E*tl.
**YHE-irD!t*3IMTASTEr,��3S)F0RMCrt    BASV TO  TAH
THERAPIONLz I c
tssl imm. 7&Mmm>mi^A :jL
xxm
x^ss-m
mmcims
HAS BEEN
CANADA'S
FAVORITE
YEAST FOR
MORE THAN
0 YEARS
bISESTHE WHirEST.I
Daylight Saving
On the Farms Things    are    Taking
the Even Tenor of Their
��� Way
In the country ou many of the
farms, time is regulated by the old
standard. This is said to be largely
because thc clew refuses to dry up
an hour earlier under thc 'daylight
saving scheme, and it seems thai
dew is something to be reckoned with
when it comes lo farming. Anyway,
the farmers arc not making any fuss
about it���no delegations lo Ottawa
and Toronto lo demand that the iniquitous thing be abolished���so we
may safely assume that on the farms
things are taking the even tcnorof
their way despite thc daylight saving
scheme. Experience has shown that
the town and city dwellers gain
much from daylight saving and thai
farmers can stand it. This being
the case we may expect that daylight saving will now be a regular
feature of each succeeding summer.
���Gait Reporter.
r^
Advice to Dyspeptics
Well Weill Following
V::
In the case of dyspepsia, the appetite is variable. Sometimes it is ravenous, again it is often very poor.
For this condition there is but one
sure remedy���Dr. Hamilton's Pills���
which cure  quickly and thoroughly.
Sufferers find marked benefit in a
day, and as time goes on improvement continues. No other medicine
will strengthen thc stomach and digestive organs like Dr. Hamilton's
Pills. Thcy supply lhc materials and
assistance necessary to convert everything catcji into nourishment, into' muscle, fibre, and energy with
which to build up the run-down system.
Why not cure your dyspepsia
now?' Get Dr. Hamilton's Pills- today, 25c per box at all dealers.
U. S. Reinforcements
The Passing of the Million Mark Is
an Event
The amazing record made has
been in response to an emergency
and the history of the world gives
no parallel for what America has
done and is doing.
What it means to the allies may be
seen from the fact that since April
1, the day when-Hindenburg was to
be in Paris, this country has sent
637,929 men abroad. Thc casualties
of the allies since. March 21 can
hardly exceed half a million. Thus
they are left in man power stronger
than before, while Germany has no
ncw source upon which to draw to
replace men sacrificed ruthlessly in
thc great offensive. The passing of
the million mark is. an event that will
be celebrated with high enthusiasm
in. all the countries leagued in defense against 'German aggression.
Best of all is the fact that not ; a
single American transport carrying
troops to Em-ope has been sunk, and
that the total loss of life in transport
has been 291. There may be heavier
losses to comc, but the record to
date shows that the U-boat has been
defied aiiVl beaten.���From lhc Springfield Republican.
Pupils are Made Slaves
Function of German Volkschule is to
Train Masses in Blind Obedience to Autocracy
Long admired by short-sighted
Americans as the acme of efficiency'
and thoroughness in elementary education, the German volkschule���
the school for thc children of the
working classes���has actually been
for the 100 years of its existence little better than a nursery for slaves
of autocracy. Some of thc methods
by which it has approached its aim
ot" stultifying the thinking functions
of thc average citizens arc described
in a recent article in the School Review..
Thc volkschule, according to Mr.
McCoiiaughy, "has the frank aim of
accomplishing lhc spiritual and intellectual slavery of its pupils.
"Thc subjects which have been
most useful in making puppets of thc
students arc history and religion.
The. first is exclusively German, a
glorification of German successes and
an absolutely untruthful treatment
of the history and purposes of all
other countries. In Germany history
has been prostituted and made to
serve the military aims of the slate.
The teaching of religion is a mere
form without any attempt to touch
the heart. Its main value lo thc state
is the inculcation of habits of subordination  and obedience.
"The elementary teacher in Germany is a drillmastcr who maintains
military discipline in his school,
striving to subjugate instead .of to
educate the pupils, resorting to corporal punishment for the slightest
reasons. Thc method which lie pursues is lo lecture to the pupils, requiring them to repeat, usually verbatim, what lie has explained. Memorized work is demanded lo an extent that would dumfound an up-to-
date American teacher. Thinking
on the part of pupils is not considered necessary. All the teachers arc
government servants, appointed by
thc government by whom alone
thcy can bc removed. .Four-fifths of
the elementary school teachers in
Germany arc men; obviously the education which little girls in thc elementary schools receive from this
type of teacher cannot seem ideal to
an American. Thc elementary
schools arc not professionally supervised. Usually the clergy of the
community is responsible for seeing
that government educational edicts
arc carried out. Of thc supervisors
iof Prussian elemental-}' schools 67
'per cent, give only part time to this
' work; manifestly thcy are not, in
the American sense, professionally
trained school directors.
"The equipment in the average
German elementary school would not
make the American educator envious. Ventilation is usually entirely
lacking; American visitors havc suffered irom headache and nausea in
an atmosphere which is typical of
all German schools. Individual scats
arc almost unknown. Benches arc
provided, sealing from four to eight
pupils. Thc scats, of course, cannot
bc adapted at all lo the needs of
thc individual child; lliey arc usually
only half as wide as the type of scat
considered satisfactory in our
schools. The average blackboard in
a German elementary school is only
four by six feet,"
False Reports
Restrict Tourist Traffic!
DOUGLAS*     ^s
iNFANTllTABLEJS sJach &
"A0! ^ MAR" Teething
Sugar From Flowers       Air Superiority of the Allies
Science Should Beat the Busy Bee to   In One Year Allies Have Accounted
**'!____*���
FORMERLY  TTENNEQUINS ���       ,.
f OR BABIES AND SMALL CHILDREN TrOUDleS
Contain  no harmful drugs.     25c per box  or  5
boxes   by   mail   on   receipt   of   $1.00.
Doughs & Co., Napanee, Ont.
American Visitors May Travel Freely in Canada Without any
Interference
The volume of louiist traffic from
the United States this year bas been
considerably lessened by misleading
press dispatches appearing in American and Canadian papers regarding
the Canadian registration act. It
was unwarrantably stated that visitors to Canada from the United
States would be compelled to register at a post office before they could
secure acceoiuniodation at a hotel,
that passports were absolutely necessary, and more recently the absurd rumor was widely circulated
that women from the United States
would not bc allowed to return home
This latter ridiculous report is specifically denied by Mr. W. D. Scott,
superintendent of immigration, who
officially designated it as "absolutely
without any foundation in fact."
Senator Gideon Robertson, a member of the Dominion cabinet, and
chairman of the registration board,
is equally positive in his denials ot
the other mischievous reports. The
actual facts are, according to the
official statement of the resignation
hoard,     that     tlie     registration      act
applies only to-people permanently j before the mother realizes he is ill.
resident in Canada and does not! The mother must be on her guard lo
affect even remotely anyone living | prevent these troubles, or if they do
in the United States; that no regis- come on suddenly to cure them. No
tration at a post oflice is necessary other medicine is of such aid to
and that no passports are required, j mothers during hot weather as is
The possession of papers showing! Baby's Own Tablets. Thcy regulate
the  holders  to  be American   citizens   the  stomach and bowels and are ab-
It in Gathering Nectar
Cattle Looking Well
The cattle ranchers of Southern
Alberta report that their cattle arc
looking extraordinarily well, says the
Lethbridge Herald. Though there
has been less growth on the ranges
this spring, there was plenty of well
cured grass left over from last ycar.
Beef caltle'are fat and will be turned
off earlier than usual, though the recent drop in price is a factor against
marketing early in the year.
GUARD BABWHEALTH
INTOE SUMMER
The summer months arc the most
dangerous to children. The complaints of that season, which are
cholera infantum, colic, diarrhoea
and dysentery come on so quickly
that often a little life is  bevond   aid
is all thai is necessary to cross into
Canada. At the international boundary lino the holders of these papers
are given an identification card by
the Canadian immigration officials,
which enables the visitors to travel
freely where thcy wish without any
interference ou the pari of Canadian officials.
Senator Robertson, chairman of
the registration board, has announced that "neither in the instructions issued, nor the regulations for
Canadian registration is there anything that would indicate desire or
intcntion to impose restrictions upon
Americans or aliens, entering, travelling iu, or leaving Canada."
The experience of those Amcri-
j can visitors wdio have already come
to Canada verifies Senator Robertson's statement, but unfortunately
there arc many across the border
who have not read this announcement, and may still be influenced
by the false reports to stay at
home, spoil their vacation, and
cause a mutual loss to themselves
and  to  Canada.
solutely safe.    Sold by all - medicine
dealers or by mail at 25 cents a box
from    The   Dr.   Williams'
Co. Brockviile, Out.
War-Time Economy
For Canadian Army
in
Sacrifices
Bystander���Roberta writes thai, as
& war sacrifice, she is willing lo give
up those corrugated paper cups on
. her bon'-b.dns.
And wc, Roberta, not to be outdone in abnegation, ������will do without
the paper bands  on our cigars.
Germans Talk
Of Moral Conquests
State of Ohio, City or Toledo,
Lucas" County,  ss.
Frank J-   Cheney   makes    cath that he is
senior  partner  of the  firm  of  F.  J.   Cheney   . __
& Co., doing business in tlie City of Toledo, i J>l]rn.   ;t(|(lc,]
County   and   Slate  aforesaid,    and  that   said "
rum will pay ihe sum of ONE HUNDRED
DOLt-AKS ior each and every case of Ca-
tan'i that cannot bc cured by the use ot
HALL'S  CATAKRU'  CURE.
FKANK J.   CHENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed in my
presence, this 6tli day of December, A. D.,
1886. A.  W. GLEASON.
(Seal) Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and
acts tli rough tlw illood ou the Mucous Surfaces of lhc System. Send for testimonials
free.
F.   J.   CHENEY   &  CO.,  Toledo,   O.
Hall's   Family  Tills  tor constipation.
Boys Doing Good Work
are
arc
of
for
cn-
The American negro is doing
bit in lhc struggle to maintain
civilization tbe liberty be now
joys. Kmmclt J. Scott, assistant lb
United States Secretary of War Baker, officially anonunccs that wider
thc first draft there were 737,628 negro registrants, and "pleas., for. .exemption  were very lew."
Nearly  3,300 'Teen Age    Boys
Engaged on the Farms
Nearly 3,300 -teen age boys
steadily engaged on the farms
Saskatchewan and Manitoba under
lite, observation of the C.S.li.T.. officials, and only, in six cases lias it
been found necessary to make any
adjustment because of dissatisfaction; according to D. R. Poole,: director of boys' Vork for the provinces. Mr. Poole staled that more
than 1,600 boys were.working oyit in
Saskatchewan, and only one case of
. dissatisfaction had to bc adjusted,
his -while there were five such cases in
Alanitoba. On the whole, Mr. Poole
said, the boys were doing splendidly,
giving full "satisfaction, and receiving
the very best of treatment.
Change Topic  of Conversation  Now
That Military Victory Is \
Impossible
In the Prussian upper house Dr.
Bernard Dcrnburg, former German
minister of colonial affairs, argued
that a peace was never concluded on
the battlefield alone. Without thc
co-opcralion of diplomacy no peace
could bc attained, lie declared.
If Prussia, said .Dr. Dcrnburg, is
to maintain her leading position,
she must. make and continue to
make moral conquests.
''I ant rather doubtful whether
she has succeeded in this," Dr. Dern-
Thcrc were shouts of
contradiction at this, and the extremist Junker, Herr Oldcnburg-
Janutchatt, replied with a flamboyant discourse on tbe greatness of
thc house of Hohciizollern, whose
members, hc said, "had ever educated themselves and their people to
light and die for the state."
"Dr. -Dcrnburg is thc last man
who ought lo talk about moral conquests," hc added* "Such things lead
to banquets'in- honor-of lhc American Ambassador  Gerard."'-
Dr. Dcrnburg replied: "I never
regarded Mr. Gerard as a fit object
for moral conquests. f did attend
the banquet in question, but so did
the vice chancellor and the secretary of stale for foreign affairs."
Encouraging     Saving     Effected
Foods and Other Supplies
Since the inauguration of the conservation branch, under thc director
of supplies and transport, thc army
stationed or in training iu Canada
has been organized for wartime
economy. In the ten military districts concerned, by the substitution
of fish, 200,000 pounds df beef were
saved iu thc month of May and approximately thc same amount iu the
month of June. Very encouraging
results have been attained in thc conservation of foodstuffs of all kinds, as
well as other supplies.
Thc conservation branch, in cooperation with the Canada food
board, has been iu operation since
February, when a conservation officer was appointed with experience
iu the Canadian army service corps
overseas, and assitant officers under
him were nominated in each military
district, 'Yicse being always _ returned
men with experience in similar .vjork
ou active  service overseas.
The main saving i'1 foods luffs has
been in the control of the issue. The
rations provided ar>; calculated to insure the maximum necessary for a
160-pound man engaged in hard
labor. A big field for conservation
was found in the margin bctwem
llie maximum contingency and the
actual requirements from day to
day. Bread used in Canadian camps
and in all places where troops Were
fed in Canada by the government
contains 20 per cent, substitute for
wheat flour, while alb the flour itself
is of thc standard required by-order
of the Canada food board.
In the present shortage of sugar,
could not some genius invent a plan
for  getting  supplies   from   flowers?
A flower is a little sugar factory,
and  a  very  effective   one.
How it manufactures sweetness
trom the soil and the air is its own
secret, for it is beyond human skill
to understand the mechanics of its
methods.
Generally, it is understood that it
makes sugar for the purpose of
attracting        swcctloving insects
which, thus lured, carry pollen from
blossom to blossom, aud thereby accomplish thc cross-fertilization of
plants.
Scientists calculate that the total
amount of sugar produced by the
wild flowers alone, very greatly exceeds the total amount consumed by
the people who depend upon cane,
beets or maple trees for their supplies.
So far thc only agency employed
to utilize this enormous output of
sugar is that of the honeybee. And
economically, the bee. busy worker
though hc is, cannot bc considered
very efficient.
It is calculated that the average
bee colony consumes for ils own
maintenance about 400 pounds of
honey a year. Its surplus (that is
what comes to the beekeeper) is perhaps fifty pounds. A well-managed
apiary of 100 colonies, gathering 22K'
tons of honey, may yield for export
to the proprietor of the plant, a net
crop of two and a half tons.
The  margin  of    profitable  production is ridiculously   disproportionate.
Medicine   Yet there is a fair return lo  be obtained    from   beekeeping,   well conducted.
Thc honey bee gathers her sweets
from an area within two miles of the
hive. Thc fact that 100 colonies of
thc busy iusecls can find inside of
such a radius nectar enough to yield
22Vj tons of concentrated sugar products we call honey, gives an idea
of the enormous quantity of sugar
produced by flowers iu any single
province of the Dominion.
Thc bee-keeping industry, relatively speaking, is neglected _ in this
country; and thereby an important
source of sugar production lacks adequate development.
But something better than bees
would be needed to derive sugar
from flowers on the large scale sufficient to meet thc needs . of the
times. At Grasse in Europe tons
upon tons of flowers arc gathered and
used for the distillation of perfumery.    And the business  pays well.
Could not something be done to
enable us to make use of the millions
of tons of sugar going to waste every year in the country? It ought
not to be as difficult to collect a solid
like sugar, from flowers, as it is to
gather such a subtle thing as a
smell.
For Over Four Thousand
Enemy Planes
In one year on the British western
front the Royal Air Force has accounted for 3,233 enemy airplanes. In
the same period the naval air men
shot down 623, a total of 3,856.
An official statement dealing with
these operations says:
"The Royal.Air Force during the
year beginning July 1, 1917, on the
Britisii western front, destroyed
2,150 hostile machines and drove
down out of control 1,083. In the
same period, the air force units
working in conjunction with the navy
shot down 623 hostile machines.
"During the period 1,094 of our
machines were missing; 92 of these
-were working with the navy.
"On the Italian front from April
to_.June, 1918, the British destroyed
165 hostile machines and drove
down six out of control. Thirteen
of ours were misssing.
"On the Saloniki front, between
January and June, 21 hostile machines were destroyed and 13 were
driven down out of control. Four of
ours were lost.
"From March to June in Egypt
and Palestine 26 hostile machines
were destroyed and 15 were driven
down out of control. Ten of ours
were missing.
"Jn all the theatres of the war the
British air superiority and strength
progressed rapidly and continuously.
From this it is safe to assume that
when the new factor of America's
output, both aircraft and personnel,
enters the situation in the fighting
zones thc aerial ascendancy' of thc
entente allies should give them very
great advantages."
Sores Heal Quickly.���Have you a
persistent sore that refuses to heal?
Then, try Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil
in the dressing. It will stop sloughing, carry away the proud flesh,
draw out the pus and prepare a clean
way for the ncw skin. It is the recognized healer among oils and myriads of people can certify that it
healed where other oils failed utterly.
BEECHAM'S
PILLS
quickly help to strengthen
tne digestion, stimulate the
liver, regulate the bowels
and improve the health
by working with nature.
Largert Sale of any Medicine in th* World.
Said orerywhere.  In boxes, 25c.
1  ���      - -      ~S
An Artist's Oversight
The Carelessness of the Lustig*
Blatter Artist Is Criminal.
The Berlin Lustige Blatter has a
���satirical cartoon showing a procession in London celebrating the fact
that "the British have conquered
their dislike of food tickets." There
is a serious oversight in the drawing,
though. The procession is passing
through the main thoroughfares of
London, yet the artists has actually
depicted the surrounding buildings as
standing in good condition. What
becomes of the repeated assertions
that the Gothas have left London in
ruins? The carelessness of the Lustige Blatter artist is criminal, and it
is to be hoped that by now hc has
been suitably chained up.���Manchester Guardian.
When Asthma Comes do not despair. Turn at once to thc help effective���Dr. J. D. Kellogg's Asthma
Remedy. This wonderful remedy
will give you the aid you need so
sorely. Choking ceases, breathing
becomes natural and without effort.
Others, thousands of them, have suffered as you suffer but haye wisely
turned to this famous remedy and
ceased to suffer. Get a package this
very day.
Shell Shock Has
Lost Its Terrors
YES!
LIFT A CORN
OFF WITHOUT PAIN1
Minard's Liniment Cures Burns, etc.
Some Facts About Alberta
.   Behind in Meat Schedule
Because of. the shortage-of shipping
Great Britain has already fallen behind 25,000 tons in her schedule of
neat shipments guaranteed to
France,  compared  to   the    total     of
llolloway's Corn Cure lakes the
corn on I by the -roots. :. Try: it and
prove it.
.Thr
Eastus' Modest: Office
day  after- N'cw   Yea r's  Iva slits
Has Approximately One Hundred
and Sixty Million Acres
The province of Alberta litis 253,-
5<10 square miles of territory, Great
Britain aud Ireland 121,377 square
miles, France 207,220, Germany 206,-
850 and Austria-Hungary 241,433
square, miles.
Alberta has approximately ���'one
hundred and sixty million acres,, of
which niorc than one hundred million acres are suitable for crops. At
the present lime there arc only about
right million acres under cultivation.
For-crop', raising, Alberta has aii
ideal climate, rain generally coming
at thai lime of the year when most
needed. The absence, of hot winds
:tnd the cool evenings of Alberta are
Big Money Fishing
For nine days' work at sea each of
thc four, men comprising the crew
of the Canadian' iishing vessel Kennel has received $612. The Rcnncl,
Captain -Tom Peterson, was on the
halibut-fishing banks nincr clays and
the catch amounted to 25,000 pounds,
and sold for 14 to 15 cents per
pound. Today the Rcnncl enjoys
the distinction of being the treasure
ship of the Prince Rupert.
400,000,000 People Lack Food
It is estimated that 400,000,000 people in Europe arc short of food. In
Poland, Finland, Serbia, Armenia and
Russia, million sare actually dying of
starvation and other millions arc suffering from .under riuitrilion, while
still others are living on the barest
possible .margin-
Cincinnati man tells how to dry
up a corn or callus so it
lifts off with fingers.
You corn-pestered men and women
need suffer no longer. Wear the shoes
that nearly killed you before, says
this Cincinnati authority, because a
few drops of frcezone applied directly
on a tender, aching corn or cailus,
stops soreness at once and soon the
corn or hardened callus loosens so it
can be lifted off, root and all, without pain.
A small bottle-of freezonc costs
very little at any drug store, but will
positively take off every hard or soft
corn or callus. This should be tried,
as it is inexpensive and is said not to
irritate  thc  surrounding  skin.
lf your druggist hasn't any freezone
tell him to get a small bottle for you
from his wholesale drug house, it is
fine stuff and acts like.a charm every'
time.
'\!
Minard's  Liniment Relieves
g|a.   ���     '      .-
Ncural-
The Corps tb Join
Rejected   because   oi'    his     height,
the  would-be  recruit angrily  pointed  terminals, and arc. marketing    about
Farmers in Business
Commercial  Activity of the Farmers
in Western Canada
The commercial activity oi the farmers is a big factor in the business;
of Western Canada. Through their
co-operative .institutions thcy operate
606 country elevators, in Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Alanitoba; two large
public   terminals;   two   large     private
didn't show up for vork until    quite !bn,eiki;U \��: "��VXw<l cattle and air
<i\V���ii J so  to mankind.
J'he increase of dairy slock in Al-
late. His boss asked why. "Well,
you see, boss, J "was taken into de
lodge  last   night.".    "What, reason  is
70,000  ions  shortage   in  the  schedule   that  that  you   should    be    late    this
for i��h;
HI Jif ITMSSES SURELY PREVENTED
111 Si St IT by CUTTER'S BLACKLEG PIUS
*��> 1���m ^^m fr��li, n-'UWe;
��� ��� B^ ^^^ pre Carte J by
/-��� Bl ��M V western stock-
���' M m M^-M. M men,   totalise ihty
J*mmM*UM^mk> pretMt wh��r�� otder
i, ^3 '        vaecinet fall.
W*" write for booklet mi testimonials.
10-dan f*M.B\*ekH*t Pt!U. $1.00
50-datt pit*. Bbeklcg Fill*, $4.00
tr��eanj- Injector, but Cutter's simplest and stroifesT.-
The superiority ol Otrter product* Is due to over IS
jeiw of specializing In VArtiKBS AM) snltVMS
omi:v.  imsist on Cutter's.  II unobtainable*
order direct. ' M    '       ' "
Tht Cuttir Laboratory, ftrfeclay, California
berta   during. 1917   was
over the previous year.
morning.-'' "Well, you see, boss, . 1
was dec-led- to a office and J'sc busy
this  inornin'."    '"Klcctcd  to  ail- office i    .   . .  -
tho night you were taken into the \ un.\llon. ^VK'iV.
order?" -'Vas, sir; 1 Was appointed
the grand cNaltcd ruler ob clc universe."'.'-"That's a prelty high oflice
for a new man, isn't it?" "tN'o, sir.
Grind exalted ruler ob.de universe Is
de bery lowest oflice what dey. is-in
dis lodge."���The  Argonaut. .
82  per   cent.
Butter pro-
luitioit has inereased niorc than 3?0
per-, rem,'since 1909. Last vear Alberta's  butter  production     was     nine
tl
ie
late
out that he was  as. tall, as
Lord Roberts.
"But lie was n Field Marshall," observed the/doctor. .-���_.-
"Them's the gents I want to join,"
retorted the. candidate. ��� London
Dailv News.
NURSING THE WOUNDED
���:
Rejected
Army Recruiting Officer ��� Sony,
friend, we cannot accent yoii; the
doctor says you have flat feet. Vou
know a soldier ha�� to have good feet,
otherwise he -would fall by the wayside alter marching four or live
miles.
'��� Applicant.���:t.'rcc,   that's  tough' lurk,
wool dip of Alberta increased
from 1.500,1-)0- pounds in 1914 to
J,().S0,000 pounds, in 1917.
.-���Al.berta's ten-year average 'yield of
wheat per acre is twenty-two and a
half ������bushels, .and. of oats forty-two
bushels, hi 1915 the average yields
of these grains were 32.67 and 56.35
bushels per acre, respectively.
for  I've  already  quit
y job to job
past
and   l\c   had   that   job   for   the
Lcvcn yeat-;.
Army Recruiting     Cfticer ��� What
kind of a job \\a- it"
Applicant���Mail   earlier.  ���Vancouver I'rov.in.cc.
:? X'.'----r��r:7Ko7An:;'Edi^
ihiey' ct i'g; tf;:e it: vrn iy {-6 vtliwt.:.. iaii^n i; i c r.c d X
i i o ^.v AV h at'0\^^
��';N1 _i:n ef "G-ilf^-r^S] ^^^
���lyS^cV-lcticfs^a-iV^
:\vjtIt.;" aV-rtJ^""t;ti:V.)^;;-;wl.iI>';;r r".-;?l,itiiiijt?;j:'; lliat/r
���'xv'nie.5h:p'^
:tlji:n:G'3'v:jaiid.^
^'e'ii'tiXit^
��djw-iiifcSHCerv^o.'i't.^
jilatr;r::JUt;t;H;f.j.^:JLar
&$.iXiXXxXiyXxixxX,yx.xy;y::yxyXxXXXxX
Thcy Were Ready
j     The   scene   is   a   crowded     bus     in
j London,     A   soldier,  back    froni   the
j trendies.' is   sitting  iii   a   corner  near
I llie  entrance  and'-.puts  his'hand .into
ibis   pocket   ior   his   fare,   and     pulls
I Out a shilling ar.d aonV. coppers.  The
.bus  jolts   violently   and,   to   the   sol-
jiiier'-i  di-m'ay,  the  shilling  slip-;   from
his  lincei*  ?u>t  a*  the  lierht1*   no  out,
a*   the\   alv ays   do  in     London      iu
thc-;e  days when   a bridge  is     being
no^ed.     Thc   pas*engeis   with     one
acccid   begin   U:   grope   for   the   soldier's .shilling:-.-...  ;''Tr,iid it   roiled  off*
|7ui;i.tr;'V; say>v  the;   cort'dticfar.'7 --Theii
j'tlr^-diyfy^^^
;:t'!!:����i:..$M>.e'i^^ ..... , -._..���.,.
j. tilc-"rstiillirnU--:^iH^^ -^ri^^^r:jii��\f^^f.Ol^nd
I SI>).'i'ldoivr;iChr'o'::-i^
It talces strength anil courago to tram
the wounded. Every woniau should tm&ko
herself fit for war's call at homo or
abroad. Health and strength ore within
tlie reach of. every woman. - Tlioy art
Drought to jbn for Dr. Piorco's Favorite
Prescription,- -Talte.this medicine, and
there's a safe and certain remedy for tbe
chronic weaknesses, deraugements, and
diseases peculiar to women. It will build
up, strengthen, and invigorate every
"run-down" or delicate w;oman. It assists the natural functions.
At seme period in her lL'e, a woman
requires a special tonic and nervine.
If. you're a tired or afflicted woman,
turn to "Favorite Prescription," you
will find it novpr fails to benefit. Sold In
tablet or liquid form. Send Dr. Pierce,'
Pres. Invalids' Hotel and' Surgical,Institute, Buffalo,. N.Y., (or branch, Bridge-
burg-, .Ont.) 10c for trial pkg. tablet*.
Toronto, Ont���-"I found 'Favorite
Prescription.' a splendid tonic for women.
Some tirao ago I became all. run-down,
weak, nervous and
could not eat or
sleep. Had severe
backaches, pains in
my right elde. I
took Favorite Prescription and it completely built mo op
in. health: and" re-
j lioved me of all;the
i annoving     pains     and     a^hes."���Mm
r .X^XXXX ! Thomas Grantham, -t23-Front.'St.::"-'
iiOHitnti .���.-oat ���     --���
one-third of the crop of these three
grain producing provinces. Before
the war one of these institutions was
classed among tlie largest wheat exporting linns on the continent, and
this branch of its organization is
now in the service of the allied gov-
, eniiiictils. Two of llie farmers' or-:
ganizations distribute ��� commodities
used on the farm, and a business of
over".$7,000,000 annually is transacted. In addition ; the fanners have
$J5fl.()()ir invested in a printing and
publishing .plant,- employing 15j people; they .own hundreds, of .coal
sheds and Hour warehouses; several
large machinery-.warehouses; an immense limber limit on lhe Pacific
coast. They export 3,000. cars of livestock annually. They own office
buildings and stores. They have. 1,300
employes. The paid-up capital is
now iiearlv $3,000,000 with reserve
funds of $2,000.000..Tlie assets of the
farmers' companies are now over
.��12,00(1,000!    '.   '   ��� .
The  Same Kind  of Folks
Behind the disputes and wars and
treaties in the history of the two
nations lie certain: other bottom conditions on which the United States
must.act. Kach may be told in a
sentence: The .people of Great
Britain and the L'nited States have
one language; Lmglisli is tlie official
tongue for all public proceedings aud
documents' in both countries.. English common law is at the 'bottom
of.'our law with regard to crime and
properly and in many other fields.
And. what is.most important, Britons
and Americans -arc very.nuicli alike
in-their ways of thinking and acting.
i In   short,  vie  are  tho  same  kind    of
' "olki.���liie   Amertctii   B-'v.
Big Network of Railroads
Canadians Have Now Strong System
of Strategic Lines in France
The following article by Roland
Hill from war correspondents' headquarters, France, has been received
by the militia department:
Behind the ncw fighting line since
the Huns' advance in April there has
grown up a network of strategic
railways, making a formidable system which more than compensates-
tis for the loss of those lines we had
to abandon and destroy in our retirement. Almost from the day the
enemy crossed the Nord Canal practically every battalion of Canadian
railway troops has been working
unceasingly at the task, some units
acting as-pioneers- in the construction of the great defence line that
causes the Huns to hesitate on this
sector.
Little French villages that never
hoped for steel links with the larger
cities have now become, as if by the
rubbing of some magic Aladdin's
Lamp, great junctions where train-
loads of supplies come and go every
part of ah hour. The new lines run
through the fertile fields of growing-
crops, and careful building has saved lhe Frenchman his harvest, but
for lhe necessary strip of permanent
way. There arc alternate routes
around towns which thc Hun might
shell, and day by day stores of carefully concealed ammunition dumps
grow up, which are led by the strips
of steel".
"Speaking from a strategical
point of view," said a railway' staff
officer, "we are in a better position today than we were on the
Somme. The hundreds of miles of
new track have been built specially
for military use, and conform with
ie fighting front. All possibilities
havc been considered. AVhcre, previously, wc had. to rely on civilian
built lines, which would tediously
run round the country by indirect
routes, \ve now have a military
system which lakes out supplies in
the quickest and most direct way to
-where they arc needed.. The latest
German thrust-gave us tlie first test
of the system, and divisions were
shifted witli a speed that, must .have
surprised the IT tins.1.'
In the same way some of the
Canadian auxiliary troops have been
working untiringly in : tlie gun spurs
behind the ncw front, oft which the
big howitzers pound the enemy
positions. One battery from the middle west has the record of constructing twelve of these in a vcelc, and
each one was cleverly camouflaged
from, the prying eyes..of Hun airmen.
From the new railheads, many
of which have been christened with
Canadian names, there slart freshly
constructed light railway . systems
that wind their way through little
valleys.still screened from the enemy
to the fine : new; reserve trenches,
which have not yet had to be used,
aud perhaps never will be. You cannot run trains over a line drawn in
blue, pencil on an ordinary niap, and
the railway engineers have to build
scores of miles that might be used.
Tlicy -must'be there far an emergency. '-.'���''..'���
The construction of. the new British defences���railways play a prominent part���have been marvelously
complete, and have been so rapid
that before thc Huns could take
breath for another stage, of. attacks
on this northern section the fabric
of a. fortress faced them, and g.reiy
iii'tp sucli menacing shape that he
hesitated.: Kow. i? he takes .another
fling at the middle road to the coast
he will have to, pay the.same great
price in blood. The "army behind
the arriiy" has done its duty and
built well-���even better than it destroyed in the sombre . days at. the
end of March.
Not Now  Regarded  Serious   by the
Allied  Surgeons
Shell shock is not now regarded as
serious by the experienced Britisii
and French army surgeons. Their experience shows that shell shock is
not suffered by the best, physically
sound soldiers, and that those who
arc afflicted either have neurotic tendencies or are otherwise suffering.
Soldiers affected by shell shock are
sent back to service in a short time.
A report on these conclusions was
given a', a research meeting of army
doctors held in Paris.
The meeting was addressed by
Col. Thos. VY. Salmon of the British
army; Dr. Ernest P. Duprc, Dr.
Pierre Marie and Dr. Joseph F. Bab-
insky, celebrated French neurologists,
Major-General Sir John Rose
Bradford, consulting physician with
the British expeditionary forces in
France, speaking on chest wounds,
said that deaths from that cause
had been considerably reduced by
thc use of new surgical methods in
opening the chest for thc^ removal
of foreign matter carried into the
body by the bullet. He, described
several experiences in the British
army, selecting cases for treatment,
operation or medicine.
Professor Theodore, who invented
several surgical instruments for the
treatment of chest wounds, described the technique of operations used
in the French service.
Col. A. B. Salteati of thc British
army and Professor Pierre Duval
of the liretich hospital service also
spoke.
Blighty for Sons of America
And now 3'"ngland is to be thc
"Blighty" of the lads of great America, many of whom already have
grown to like our laud. Let tlieiit
know thai thc arms of England are
open for them. She is the comely
mother of her sons she will be good
angel of her sons', comrade.���Loudon Daily Mail.
.AutoStrop
Y.
pui
XyXX- -.'ix-'BlcelX-iFXomX^beyta;-
XiAXXXX- X'i XxXUXiiXryuXyx'
eatt!v:./.iu'd-t^'t:t'ry ���'''.'i:��� XXx��� ^'.vtjtfi!-.
:ii;tS?\vio"^^^
:ga 11 iXyX XX:<X '��� )���' 'l:'--'--7 X'X' \- M''Mi:
tU'cirJ'ii^tiSi-igiu.-;^7^7. iMVViit.i- ;���:
pound sHo.^frcrot. 'XxXX Xiby:x
overseasv;b>^-;tjii; iocs:!.', pscl
.1 ti
Niagara Falls, :ODt.���"I>uriTig: middle
age, ;T began to go "down -dn-'health.    I
would-rbceomq. dizzy,'.black!spots:would ��� "" ''
appear .^before7'rnr-eyc.V.;.-T' also, suffered , 'h*-'
with - severe; pains' in.) hoi back -of.my- head i  ' ������' ~
and iriy.back woiild-'-aclio'-epntiniuail// " I   ���,i!'���'
was most miserable when I began taking \ v ��� ���
Favorite Prescription, but by its usa I j b-' '
, canifl  through this  eri'i^al period   in  a>i ���'-.
liijVOOryjyi} i good healthy conditien.   It is a spleadid ; i:f;vi;ii-S;;|yLi;
i''s,".5l:.:p'pcd, medicine for women at this time of hti.'i   XXXXXxllX
:i-;Vg'platvt, I -Mbs, W. F. Tkcwbl, 137 Bridge 3b - ' r^'wSi'g'f
Force to the Utmost
hope   tin ��� e   v, i'i   be   m>
wit.i t
::o::'H:;Ul.e
'iyXirfci
tXyXiXX
'���. diuahe
'    tl!   .
I'*-  *
'���t,r.
i .t i i .-
ai.d tl
ip'l
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al-
lor
:. oro
0:.iy
t'. l e
:c- in
r  :...d
. ....i
War Hardened French Nerves;: .
Four years of war have apparently case-hardened French������-' nerves.
'While the gu-a'test buttle of lite war
!'���> ;zht only ��eventv miles !
.=   -a)
yi r..,-ja.'iyv appr.rc:.;
^:\v.i)s!-:ijeS'0';:ie_f;rai;cla.:i;':
���'.Hie'Ecy,-���*LonUO:i xlQ. riij .<
was being
from Pari.-,
gun'' ->\ as
Fio-.ih .-.>
.it the -,ih-
o; ...d IV i:
r f-t --lire.
I'      \...r b
^.-it . m l
ll!e-.Tc'"'7a:r;
r'-V;o|l..i;r.1ir
.F^:c:vc!;;;i
and v title the "mystery]
acuirtlly  bombarding   the j
��� ii il. att hj-> i r^ y.ithrred j
ot  t1 j collection    of fc\i-i
- ;.!"! ii uie  It  one o:   tiie'
-ales   since '.
.> ir'" sa% the '
.i. :. \,. '
i    cl.     i.-..--:lin-
?.=   u--.-.al    V.i:-t
the  rront.' A '
;-,p,   i;:"ibl-\    p'Xtz- .
: .vyyyx.. \hink:..~^yyl I
:e=\:ei:ilile:r:i5aul;r-;rXhe|
X1 i:XXX<:lXXiXX.i>uiy ih-Xi
lyiipixxXxix   Xy.   ��� ��� 'y- ��� ���
The Choice
of all Ranks
Shaving under
trench difficulties at
the front will a uick-
ly convince "him"
that the AutoStrop
is the only practical
razor. It is the only
razor that sharpens
its oivn blades and
consequently is always ready ^ for
instant service."
Anticipate your
boy's request by
including aa AutoStrop in your next
overseas package. -
JP Price $5.00
t^ At haJiag ��ti>r���� evtryMrtaa
^^ AutoStrop
Safety Razor Co.fl
Limited
X^SJD^eSt.   '
xiixlaryfaiOai.;
t  i.- v
),-1   i
:;.   t ���
���'���r-;'< jm
***�� THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
"N J j a year strictly in advance, or >~5o
when not paid for three'months. If nol
nv.hl for until the end of the year it is ��3.
It is. always ��2.50 a year to the United
���States in advance.
R. T. LOWERY.
Editor and Financier-
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal aud Oil  Notices     7 00
Estray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks     1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12-50
(Where more than one claim appears iv notice, J5.00 for each additional claim.)
Aii other legal advertising, 12 cents a
iine first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
.-'neb subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
It ih a wise hen that  knows her
It keeps Bloody Bill  busy these
:y? squinting afc his hole card.
f a-v a poker player  be a geufcle-
n ami raise his  hand  against a
man?
��� 1: mnst have one  language  in
:;..inula, and all papers  printed in
English. 	
Tins boom still continues in
France, and large blocks of real
estate are changing hands daily.
When reading about the war,
we often think that iu order to
reach heaven we must pass through
hell. 	
Perhaps they call the Yankee
soldiers "doughboys," because
they have plenty of money, and
eat hot cakes.
The use of muBtard is said to ba
a great aid to memory. Some of
our delinquent subscribers should
lake it regularly.
If the price of a hair-cut in the
States climbs to one dollar, the
��!ory of'being bald will rapidly become more apparent.
Nevek throw away a diamond
ring. Give it to the small boy
who delights, in scratching his
name on plate glass.windows.
The Colonel's Love Letter
Colonel K. T. Lowery id'Uritish Columbia, says the   Orecti wuud   Ledjje,   spends
some of his time, especially when his beloved  province   is  Areiieini;a->1,    in   the
land  of" eternal   (lowers   and   sunshine.
Last winter amid the  dreamy   scenes  of
tlie south he wrote many articles for the
prses, and competed witli 133 others iu a
prize   contest   for  writing love    letters.
Being   of an extremely  bashful  nature
and   retiring   disposition,    the    Colonel
hesitate 1 for a long time before  he decided to emulate Romeoaiid with Cnpid's
pen engrave bis thoughts and  impressions of the   grand  passion  upon  paper.
Sitting in his beautiful room, close to the
inner fringe of the blue  Pacific,   where
the flowers bloom eternal, and  the birds
from Mexico fly to and  fro  he  began to
write like this:
My Diurhst Divinity:���
When I gaze into your beautiful soulful eyes, the curtain lifts between
earth and heaven, and I see Paradise.
Then the rocks become all diamonds, the
animals all birds, the atinophere all sunshine, the sounds all music, and the foliage all flowers.
Secure iu yonr love and esteem I
could be happy amid the ice floes of the
frozen north, on the burning s.-nids of
India, _or in the crimson-stained
trenches of chivalrous France.
With you for ;m affinity I could become a god of love, light and power.
Without you, I will be a fallen star,
dwelling in darkness, like the toad that
chaces vapors in a dungeon.
My Darling, how will you sentence
me? To heaven for life, or to hell forever. While awaiting your reply I am
clinging to Hope, that solid little rock in
the sea of Despair.
Yours Adorably,
LUCERN.
After the Colonel had written the
above classical effusion he came to the
conclusion that il would not win. The
judges would probably give the decision
to a woman, so the Colonel hedged aud
thought that a sweet little love-letter,
with a woman's name attached to it
would secure the pot of gold and the
cross of excellence. And, he was right,
for here is the letter that took first prize:
Dear Colonui,:���This morning a big
frog out in the pond croaked hoarsly to
the rest oi the world: "Its going to rain;
its going to rain!" But to me he sang iu
the tones of a meadow lark, "Colonel
loves me, Colonel loves uie!"
All the way downtown the car rails
hummed the same refrain. And, when,
as I left the car, the raindrops began to
fall they were not like auy raindrops ever
seen beiore: like the words of the poet's
fancy, it was raining "violets" to me.
Even the walls of this dingy office have
changed over night, Colonel. No longer
they stare out upon grimy walls and glaring billboards. Instead, I am seeing the
inside of the dearest little home-in the
world���dear because it is to be ours,
Colonel, all OURS.
I wonder what magic was hidden in
those little words you whispered to me
last night,- dearest���'��� Colonel, that all the
world could be so changed!
YOUR SUSIE.
From the Front
France, August 14, 1918.
Dkar Colonel
I was glad to get your letters and
bundles of Ledges, which are greatly appreciated by the boys from B.C. Every
inch of the papers are read, and while
reading The Ledge we forget that the
Hun is near, and the whizz-bangs and exploding of shells fail to fizz us. All our
objectives have been obtained comparatively easy with amazing few casualties.
In fact I enjoy these affairs, and were it
not for seeing so many fine fellows toppled over I would be in my seventh
lieaven. Equal credit is due to all the
Allied troops.
The first day of the attack we advanced
12 to 13 miles, four miles of which was
stubbornly contested, but afterwards it
was a walk-over, almost a rout. It was
the same all along a very wide front.
We went as far as human endurance could
stand. Our battalion alone captured
a Brigadier-General and staff. I got lots
of souvenirs, but we advanced so fast that
they got two heavy, aud I threw them
away, then collected more, only to throw
away again. This was repeated several
times, and now I have only two souvenirs
of the famous battle.
We are feeding well, and eating
Heine's rations, and smoking his cig r-
ettes. They say that the French fight
for glory, the British for honor, and the
Canadians for souvenirs. I believe this
is true for every time one of our men
captured a Hun, he searched the prisoner, took what he wanted gave him a kick
and continued the advance. I couldn't
help smiling iu the midst of the fight to
see our men loading themselves with
souvenirs.
I have fought at Ypres, Kemmel, parts
of the Somme, Vimy, Lens, Arras, but
this last advance was a pic-uic compared
to the others, but the victory and results
are far greater. The scorn in which I
held the Americans has been changed to
esteem and admiration. The splendid
manner they are now displaying obliterates the stain of the two aud .wo-third
years of selfish cynicism. It may be
comforting to know that our boys feel
aud know that the Huus will be entirely
crushed. Trusting that yon will still
continue to send The��Ledge. Every time
I see a man from the Boundary he asks
for your paper. Besides for reading,
are useful in many other ways. They are
used for table cloths, if we are lucky
enough to have shelter when we eat;
sometimes we sleep on them to keep out
the dampness, and in wet weather they
are fine to put in the soles of boots to
keep out the moisture.
DREW MOWAT.
NELSON HOUSE
NELSON, B. C.
This hotel is operated on the European plan, and rooms can be obtained
from 50 cents a night upwards. The
Cafe never closes, night or day, and
within its portals you can obtain
everything in season, from turtle soup
to roast turkey. Do not forget this
when visiting the metropolis of
Kootenay.
ELI JULIEN,        PROPRIETOR
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
T.    THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED
I TAILOR - GREENWOOD
OuOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOT
Cbe Central Hotel
PHOENIX.
One of the largest hotels in
the city.   Beautiful location,
6ne rooms and tasty meals.
Monuments.
KOOTENAY GRANITE   and
MONUMENTAL CO.. LTD.
Front St. Next to City Hall. NELSON
P. 0. BOX 865
Satisfaction Guaranteed
Estimates   Given   on all Kinds   of
'   Granite and Marble Work
PHONE   13
Auto    and   Horse   Stages
Leave    Greenwood    Twice
Daily to Meet Spokane and
Oroville Trains
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
Greenwood Garage
Tires, Oils, Gasoline, and
all Accessories for
Molor Gars
Repairs of any kind, and
all work guaranteed
C. E. STAMPER
g Phone 27 MANAGER
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
Autos For Hire.   The Finest
Turnouts in the Boundary.
Light and Heavy Draying
A. O. JOHNSON
Palace   Livery  And  Stage
GREENWO00D. B.C-
PROP.   W.   H.   DOCKSTEADER, Ppop.   on~appHcation.
H. McKEE
GREENWOOD
COAL AND WO0D
AGENT FOR
LETHBRIDGE COAL
More Good News
We have just completed arrangements for handling
your grain, and to show you that we appreciate
your patronage we are willing to do it without
commission or cost to you. YOU get the full bene/
fit of your crop and the cash the minute you land it
here. All kinds grain and hay will be taken, Come
in and talk it over with us, it won't cost you a cent
and we believe our offer will satisfy you that it
pays whether buying or selling to deal with
The Myncaster Mercantile Company
Hotel Building
Myncaster,OB.C.
British Columbia has been
here a long time so has
the B. C. Cigar, Absolutely Guaranteed. Clear
Havana Filled, The Cigar
that never varies,   ,   .   .
Haveyou tried onelately **
WILBERG&WOLTZ
B. C. CIGAR FACTORY
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C
ASSAYER
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemis*. Box biio8, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper
$1 each. Gold-Silver, (single assay)
$ 100. Goid-Silver (duplicate assay)
fi.50. Silver-Lead $1.50 Silver-Lead-
Zinc $3.00,   Charges for other metals etc
At tb�� present rate the United
States are sending soldiers overseas; they will have thirty million
men at the front in ten years.
I.v Chicago, Ben Felton whipped
his father, because the old man
Haul -disloyal .things about the
State-*.- The court dismissed the
.. asLviiPiiiDst Eennie.
Mori-: people have stood np in
.���'10. State?, upon account of Fran-
c\* Scott Key, than; any other
pi't-r-on. Francis wrote .the Star
Spangled Banner in Maryland, IOA
years ago.
The death of Tommy Roberts in
Vancouver should be a warning to
poker players. Always keep the
loore locked, and bars on the
windows. Otherwise some bandit
a likely to break up the game with
rude pistol play.
A Cautious Hero
Agitated Old-M-in���Q/iick! My
daughter is drowning! Save . her
and she ahall be your ,vife.
Blase Person���Wait till a wave
rolls her over. I'.want' to see her
face.
SYNOPSIS OF
LANDACT AMENDMENT
*
..Snow us a dead town in the
.-.v'lyahd we will show you a town
y iiere tiie people buy their goods
largely from mail-order bouses,
because the local business men do
not advertise in an effective and
suggestive manner.
After the war Canada should be
able 'to produce its own titles,
ti.'edala and governor-generals. We
believe in home production, and it
j.-, absolutely a waste of time and
energy to iin port the above articles,
when we can produce them so
cheaply in this glorious Dominion.
Activity at Whitewater
There is more than the usual activity ...manifested, at :'; Whitewater
nowadays,   due to a gang of men:
being employed there in taking out
ties for the spur  line  which   wij!
ruu in from  near Sproules to tap7
the; Whitewater.;:mill /tailing:beds
i.'i :KasIp creek7''"bottom" "~
p"o?ed to load the��� cararight in the
railing beds,   and''' the "'tailing'si will
'.lie-'brought down here and retreat-
('..]' at   the local   mill.    They are
Vaid to carry good'values in silver,
niijch of/it haying- parsed  through
ther Jigs\ and.itables, of   the   old
Whitewater mill.    The; silver and
���t.her; minerals can be saved but by
io-iern flotation .-.methods, itie be-
aeved.���Kaslo-Kootenaian.
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed-
lanrl.s only.
KccoiiIh will bc granted -covering only
land suiCibN; for -iijrrifiilturjil ' purposes -
ami which iH" !iO:i-liuilii-r. laiul."
: -I'artnerKh'ii) pi-c-eniiJtion.-s .abolished,
lint inutioH of. not. mon: tliiin four may"
arr:ii.{,'<! fur..firljfiociit���pi-o'-oinpt.ioiiK, with
Joint iv.'iUli.Tici:,'but. uai'li inaNing necessary iniiirnvciiienta on i\-.-<ii<-ciivn claims.
Pru-'-'inpto!':- inu!!t occupy claims for
five j-ca'rfi anil'.iiiake iriU'i'.oveinontH to
value !���!'.;53 0 Per acre, Inc-lii'liii;; clearing
and cii.itivation c'.f ;u'!'\:si .!> :-.<-rcs, before   receiving  Crown   1 Irani.
Wliere   pre-ernptor -!,i-:.i.ii-(:ii|>:ition   not
less-lli:ii> I!..years, and'lias m:id..v propor- .
tioi:a;<; iiiiin'ovi-ii'.'.i.ts-, In- may'.' becan.-e-
of  i!!'-Iica!(]i   oi- i>:in;r. caii.-c,   l,e  granted
intermedial.; certificate, of- improvement
and t'ran.'-fcr hi.-.claim.
Records -without permanent -residence'
may be ist-aii-il pruvidi d applicant malce.1'
improve:];!'it.- lo f-:.u-M m- y.'J\:.\ per annum and r< lil : .-'ame .r;rh your.' Failure .to. "liiai;,'- hapi-.c.- ���:���!��:!!*:'" <-r record-
same will operate :r: ' f-.-rfr':! :��� ���:������'. Title
cannot be iihtaim-d- un iln-.a- claims in
less than T�� year . \.'i:ii ;!i!.:'r".tv*'inrvit.K of
. *l<r ]).er. :ii-iv. ii:i,!i,-!:i.i: r>'acres cleared
ami .ciihival- d, :.ial n-.:ldeni.:i: of at
lea/t   "  year.-!
I.Vercinptor h'oldii-K iV-'cn Orant may
record another pre-empt imi. if he requires land in eotijinu-iioff Willi his.
farm, without actual cei-npal ion. provided, i-in'.iiln.ry improvement:; made and
rcsii),.,-.ee ma-iuiaim.'i i-n Crown granted
la ml.
ITiiiatrvcyed areas, not exceeding 20
acres', may be loused as .liomcsites;
title to be 'obtained afler fulfilling residential  and  improvement  conditions.
For Kraziuu and industrial purposes,
areas exceeding flin .-acres, may be leased
by one person or company.
PRE-EMPTORS' FREE GRANTS ACT.
The scope of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
with I lis Majesty's Forces. The time
within which the heirs or devisees of a
deceased pre-emptor may apply for
title under this Act is extended from
one year froni the death of such person,
as formerly, until one year after the
conclusion of the . present vr:ir. This
privilege i.s also made retroactive.
TOWNSITE PROPERTY ALLOTMENT
���;-x . act. ..
.  ��� Provision   is  made, for  the  grant   to
.persons/holding r ..uncompleted    Agree-
vmeats to Purchase, from the Crown of.
such proportion of the land, if divisible,
as   the   payments,   already    made  will
cover in proportion to.the sale price of
the whole mi reel:;-. Two or more persons
holding  such  Agreements    may    group
their.-interests and apply f >r a propor-'
-tionate  allotment ������ jointly, v- If-it   is   riot"
considered advisably to divide theiland
^covered by an application for a proportionate, allotment, an allotment.: of. land
of .equal,/value selected  fromr available
Crown  lands i In _, the :   locality <"-'ra.iv  be
16 ifl "iirn-���''���- mac!e:  'These allotments are conditional
���*���:?.-.."?. V ...V.-.     upon  payment; of ":all  taxes .; due - the
Crown   or  to������;���������any :>municipality, r The
. rights   .of r persons   to. whom  the -,pur-
ehaser, from  the Crown::has agreed to'
sell are .alsix protected:   The decision of
the Minister of I>ands in respect to the
adjustment, of a proportionate allotment
is final.    The time for making .application -for  these  allotments  is  limited  to
the 1st day of May.  1313.    Any application ..made  aftir   this.date  will   not   be
considered.    These, allotments, apply to
town  lots arid lands of the Crown sold
at public auction.
For Information apply to any Privln-
clal Government Agent or to
Q. R. NADEN,
Deputy Mlabjter of Lan<
To United Stales Citizens in Canada
By the United States Military Service Convention Regulations,
approved by the Governor-in-Council on 20th August, 1918, Male
Citizens of the United States in Canada, withi�� the ages for the
time being specified by the Laws of the United States prescribing
compulsory military, service,: except those who have diplomatic exemption, are made subject and liable to Military Service in Canada,
and become entitled to exemption or discharge therefrom, under the
Canadian Laws and Regulations. Tlie regulations governing this
liability are published in the Canada Gazette (Extra) of 21st Aug.,
1918; copy whereof may be obtained upon application through the
post to tho Director of the Military Service Branch of the Department of Justice at Ottawa^
United States Citizens of the description aforesaid who were in
Canada on 30th July, 1018, have sixty days from that date within
which to exercise an option to enlist or enroll in the forces of the
United States, or to return'.-to the United States; and those who for
any reason subsequently become liable to Military Service in Canada
have thirty days from the date of the accruing of such liability
within which to. exercise the like option. It is stipulated by the
Convention also that certificates of diplomatic exemption may be
granted within the optional periods aforesaid. Every citizen of the
United States to whom the regulations apply is required to report
to the Registrar under the Military Service Act, 1917, for the province or district within which he is, in the manner by the regulations
prescribed, within ten days after the expiry of his optional period,
and will bo subject to penalties'if. without reasonable excuse he fail
so to report. For the.information of those whom it may concern,
Sections 3 and 4 defining the requirements of registration, with
which it will be necessary strictly to comply, are set out substantially as follows:
REQUIREMENTS
8.    Every male citizen of the United States within the ages for the timo
being specified   in  the   laws  of  the  United  States  prescribing compulsory
military service, not including those who have diplomatic exemption, within
ten days after the. expiry'of the time limited by the Convention within which
the Government of the United States may issue him a certificate of diplomatic exemption, shall truly report to the Kegistrar by registered post, and
in writing which is plainly legible, his name in full, his occupation and the
date of his birth; stating also whether he is single, married or a widower;
and if the latter, whether he has a child living, also if married, the date of
his marriage; ahd stating, moreover his place of residence and usual post-
office address in Canada; and, if he reside within a city or place where the
streets and dwellings are named and numbered, the name and number of his
street and dwelling; or if he reside in another place, the lot and concession
��� number, section, township, range, and meridian, or other definite description
whereby his place of residence may be located, having regard to tbe custom
of the locality  in which  he lives;  and  if  without   reasonable   excuse    he
. neglect or fail to report In the manner and with the particularo aforesaid,
/.within the time limited as aforesaid, he shall be guilty of an offence, and.
.v. shall be liable'-upon "summary.-conviction .to a penalty not  exceeding Five
Hundred   JDollaTS,   and   to   imprisonment . for . any   term  not  exceeding  six
.months, and moreover, he/shall incur a.penalty of $10.00 for each day after.
-- the time when: or within ..which he. should, have registered during which ho
;' shall continue?to be unregistered.yXy IX'XXX.X':X .'���-
i.iA. -rEvery : United v States citizen who '��� has .diplomatic'exemption, .although
������; not .otherwise subject/to  these -regulations, shall within tenf days ���'after"tho"
C-gTanting; of the same truly report to .the,7/registrar,; in like manner and with
. the same particulars as ������required-: b>vthe last preceding Section; and in addition^ he.:. shall embody in .,his report a' true.Vand complete statement bt the.
r.': particulars'���; of ^hts> certificate;, of:; diplorriatic  exemption.     Neglect br - failure;
without7 reasonable excuse to comply with the requirements of this^ section.
���ball constitute an offence punishable in .the inanner. and by' the "penalties
provided in thes last .preceding section!
Issued by the Department of Justice, Military Service Branch^
���i
00<>0<><>0<><>0<>0<><><><><><XK>00<K><>00<>000<>0<>000<>0000^
6
For Watches, Clocks, Jewellery, Cut Glass,
Silverware, Etc.
GO   TO
TIMBERLAKE,   SON   &   CO.
'THE  QUALITY JEWELLERS"
Bridge Street, Next Telephone Exchange, GRAND FORKS
Specialty:  Fine Watch Repairs.
00000<>0<>0<>0<HXK><>0<>0<>0<>0<>0000<><><>^^
<^<&��<&��<&��e&&��<5&&&3���5S<
= cgas:g5i:<ss<og
P. BtfRNS & CO.
CANADA FOOD BOARD LICENSE NO. 113
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Fish
and Poultry.    Shops in nearly all the '
towns of the Boundary and Kootenay.
COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B.C.
Windsor Hotel
Greenwood, B.C.
The Windsor Hotel is one of the
oldest and most comfortable hotels in the
red metal metropolis. It is located in the
heart of the city, and convenient to all
business houses. Heated with steam and
electricity, Fine sample rooms. \ Many
of the bedrooms contain electric heaters.
The bar is replete with modern beverages; Hot coffee, sandwiches, and light
lunches always ready. X Touch the wire
if you want rooms reserved.
XX
ix
CbeWxxm Bdtel
nelson, B*���*
The only up/tO'-date: Hotel in me ihteribft^
���XxWxX'iti^
First-class
CEMfRM^L^
Hot and CoM Wat|0
'. ; '.RO&M%iW.ITH.iil��Riy
.  RATE^:-5i;o'5'7pefrda^7arid;:up;;:Ew
*
*������"
Wi.
W,
Wi
Wi
M
Wi:
Wi;
Wx
Wx
Wi
Wi
W[:
Wx:
Wi
Canadian
FALL FMm
FARE  A��D   ONE   JH
on
From all "stations Cateafy to
Mii^ay^x��k\^xtQXv^comtrX
Kettle KVaitey;; Railway;XX all
^Kootenay steamer lines, xxxxxix
J: l;Sei��tember,.^17 vlSlv Jj
"X-:m' SALE:|StPT i'U- i&XX
'^RETURN -Umt .SEPT.: 20
3 From all Stations Kootenay
Landing to Midway, brinch Uses
and Kootenay steamer routes-
FROM AGEHTS OR   PURSERS
CONDUCTORS WILL SELL ESCORSJOK tiaC6TS
;;FRO��7;FLA|Gr5TATl(��HSw-?;-.,.
*&;��#RV&��;&*i^ ���

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