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BC Historical Newspapers

The Ledge Jun 13, 1918

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THE  OLDEST   MINING  CAMP   NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   CO
-U.M
,H
,::^^&tis��r.i; r..'��w^^
Vol,.   XXIV.
GREENWOOD, B. C, THURSDAY, JUNE 13,  1918.'
No. 4S
*?mtrttr\Tisa2BaBum.wn ta.wiro_igy��:a_3_ssCTTE��g:
Make Home Attractive
BY FILLING IT WITH OUR
Substantial Furniture, Artistic
Pictures, Soft Carpets,
and Elegant Crockery
Plenty of Oils, Harware and Tinware In stock
MAIL ORDERS solicited from all points
of the Compass
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
New location���Russell-Law Caulfield Building
PHONE 28        A:        GREENWOOD, B. C.
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
Business Announcement
CHARLES KING wishes to
announce that he has taken over
the interests of the firm of
SMITH & KING and all business
will be conducted under the name
of CHARLES KING who solicits
a continuance of the public's
patronage,
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
MAOLEOD   FLOURING   MILLS
CELEBRATED PRODUCTS
"I
ARRIVING THURSDAY 13th
A fresh supply of Flour, Feed
AND
WHEAT SUBSTITUTES
CANADA  FOOD  BOARD  LICENSE  No.  5 791
j Wm. C. ARTHURS,
GREENWOOD CITY BAKERY  f
FLOUR AND FEED STORE  *
i
X
2��
Windsor Hotel
Greenwood, B.C.
The Windsor Hotel is one of the
oldest and most comfortable hotels in the
red metal metropolis. It is located in the
heart of the city, and convenient to all
business houses, Heated with steam and
electricity, Fine sample rooms, Many
of the bedrooms contain electric heaters.
The bar is replete with modern beverages. Hot coffee, sandwiches, and light
lunches always ready. Touch the wire
if you want rooms reserved.
x
zc
Insurance       1
Life,  Fire, Health and     |
Accident -'
Real Estate, Ranches and
^,     Mining Brokers
AUCTIONEERS
Charles King
GREENWOOD.        ��� B. C.
FOR THE SPRING TIME
RAINER'S SPECIAL
A cooling Non-Alcoholic Beverage
VAN LOO
When You Want a. Real Good Smolsc
Ask for a Van Loo Broker
|   Fresh shipment ef Bars. Marsh
mallows and Gum just in
AT Phone 45
MUIR'S CIGAR STORE
THE KOOTENAY GRANATE k
MONUMENTAL CO., LTD.
General Stone Contracting and
Monumental Work
Entirely in new   hands   and
under new management
We specialize in Monuments
and guarantee satisfaction
Douglas M. Ritchie, Manager
Office and Show Rooms 507 Front St
P. 0. BOX 875 NELSON. BC
jyaauaasaaBsaiSEtrgrencyOTasgi^^ | ^^^i^i^~^~^^j^~y^-^-^~^--;
"STORE OF QUALITY"
oi,E   MY   STOCK   OF
New Summer Clothing,
Boots and Shoes, Etc.
The best  Groceries in  the country
 AT���	
J. G. MgMYNN
MIDWAY      -      -      B. C.
ia *:*-. ^wKraHsrewnOTsR*^
C. xl\\u'xig News
ia  Mie'ii:
i '?��� ""rr _
irii
sts
I At the mm Prices 4
�� 9
If See ��ur Samples
Greenwood
i
c
GREENWOOD
mn and mm
AGENT FOR
LETHBRIDGE
M. W. Ludlow has a beat o
Loon Lake.
Dr. Wilson of Nelson will r
overseas ia a short time.
Mrs. Geo. Clerl' is visiting be
sister Mrs. Twelis in Trail.
Mrs. Archie Clemes died a
Spence's Bridge last mouth. .
���:.'J..)   '.
Hie- :?,.,(_...��� Rl
Ti���-ivv.i!l
tion in  H,.v, |
if Western Float I
'���ix>;:   f;onvi-
Mf' I,r   is   12.'.
Mniitri.-al.
-hip-
,r   : :lr.
'jtjiit:-  a   quart;   iu
in    New   West-
<i;ih
(i.
O   ;��:(���;
'.vll'Tt'   ii    i .'   ..-.���! j,j   f };���>���
Billy   Miller   recently   bough   i(.;|
the Mother Lode singe 'line.
���-= '  !>!;;i: <A <;; y
yi-l-s ������:-   lis  lif.tl
:>,���)
fill. 'ViX
t'oic-, hut
\ I'll!.'  <-'.!;!.'
"ici;
?7r>.ooo
}l::.-= to  ti-:y  X- ,
' tha!'. ir. oh'i.nj'.i.
rriv'-.
Christian Science service will be held
in the MEI/LOR BLOCK on Sunday at ix
a. in. All welcome. Every Wednesday
at S p. m., testimonial meetings will be
lield in the same block. ' Sunday School
every Sunday morning,
MATTHEWS  BROS.
GRAND  FORKS?
Ageiils for Chevrolet, Dodge, Hudson,
Chalmers, Cadillac cars, and Republic
truck motors Garage in connection.
P. BURNS & CO.
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Fish
and Poultry. Shops in nearly all the
towns of the Boundary and Kootenay.
COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B.C. f
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
Officers, Smelting and Refining Department
TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
TADANAC BRAND PIG LEAD, BLUESTONE, COPPER AND SPELTER
British Columbia has been
here a long time so has
the B, C. Cigar, Abso-
Jutely Guaranteed,    Clear
IMHWWMMtnBrni^MERMCMMHiHMMnaMMM
Havana Filled, The Cigar
that never varies,    ,    ,    ,
Have you tried one lately?
WILBERG&WOLTZ
B. C. CIGAR FACTORY
NEW WESTMINSTER, B, C
WANTS.  ETC.
Wanted.���To purchase a bicycle.    Win. Lakeland.
Wanted.���At once. Girl for
general housework. Good wages.
Apply to Mrs. J. V. Mills.
For Sai.$.���Cheap, S cows aad
calves.    Apply   at  Ledge office.
Fok Salk ���lbO-acre ranch,
near Boundary Falls. Ten acres
cleared and fenced. Seeded with
alfalfa and clover. Good timber
and splendid range. For particulars apply to W. C. Wilson,
Greenwood.
After being shut down for a long
time, the Velvet near Rossland is
being worked by the Granby, J. A.
Miller of Phoenix is foreman.
iitnmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmnimnnnmmfe:
|    GREENWOOD  GROCERY     |
ZZ Canada Food Board License No. 8-6251 ^
The   Food   Board   Asks   You   to   Save
THE FLOUR
We carry a most complete stock of other Cereals
We specialize in TEA and COFFEE in pkge or bulk
AT REASONABLE PRICES
<& BRYANxx-Xi
wxx<mxmmmmMmm+
SR EDMUND WALKER,
CV.O.. LLD.. D.C.L, Prejideni'
SIR JOHN AIRD. General Manager ".., ���
H. V. F. JONES, Aji'l Genl Manager
CapitauPaid Up. 115,000,000 X Reserve Fund, .$13,500,000
fiv^ery effort Is ixiade to pixiyide tlie bank*
xxxiix gg||$.%ndhri�� ;S^^Sft^P#i^l^S^iSS
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Carlyle BMckpil and J^rife. Mlyid^fe in/" -;r '.;:1;: 1
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'..-. "liiihiif \ivot::'i[\i,���..-
Bokn.���On Juue 0,  to b.!.c. a.u! :   , .,,  ,
Mrs. Charles Nichols, a son. j nt ^ "'"-""vi-:-, \uu ,:>���.������ -
t> r\    t        ,   .    tvt - ! chiii!   mar   i,X'v\Xx   :]-,
BoKN.~On June G, to Mr.   aiu; j   .
Mrs. J. V. Mills, a daughter. | <-'ha*cU Inim y.uh
Harry  Clark has   bought Billy j     In the Fiat-he \
Miller's ranch up Boundary creek, j *->...[���, q.j (;,)_ ?...s
Mrs.   Bart   Inghram   and   Iv\ il'.rr.    'i'iii.- >.,���.-!!
are   visiting   at   Vvestbridge ;md j ,\ ];,; ;;,._ J,., 1 .,!.,,
Rock Creek. ! .,   .     T    ,
Our shoe  stock is  ifoin<j   fasi.
Better g'et what you need at once. ,     (������'���)''''���'>���'���'<��� ��� -.x\<-
G. A. Reudell. jh:
Mrs. J. I-I. McNeil of Lnnt
Beach, Cal., is the guest' of Mrs,
George Swayne.
D. R. McElmon, Greenwood.
Watchmaker and Jeweler. Spectacles and pipes^repaired. ,      ; i- :    -,   ;ii,;   JijXt.'lif-Joi)
Charles Norris is a.^ain engineer on the Mother Lode run.
Bill Harriett is on a trip to Halifax.
When in Nelson   and   thirsty.
call      on     Ralph      Nordeuson.
(Greven)   at   the   Nelson   Hotel
Bar-
Two  daring   birds  have  their
nest in the railway  depot.    The
C.   P.   R.   does not  charge there
any rent. v
New lot of Drawn Work in
Runners, Tea Cloths and Doilies
also Blue Bird Table Cloths,
G. A. Rendell:
J. P. Flood is to be commended,
for his enterprise in furnishing
this city with a first-class moving picture theatre.
Hank Leonard has. .quit railroading, and is increasiL-.;; the
world's supply of copper, by
working at the Mother Lode
mine. .
Alex Robinson is getting out
cedar poles on the Granite road,
near Nelson. They are shipped
to the Ontario government at
Toronto.
Mrs. T. O. Gunderson died last
Friday afternoon, after suffering
with cancer for two years. Interment took place at Vancouver
this week.
Rev. H. W. Simpson was amply
rewarded bv his trip to Baker,
Oregon, at which place be viewed
one ot tlie best eclipse of the sun
that has taken place iu the north
west.
John Ross Robertson died in
Toronto recently. He started
the Telegram in Toronto in 1876,
and made a fortune. Tom Cath-
ors/ of Nelson and Greenwood,
fed the first press on the Telegram.
Roy Connor has invented a device that will run wood saws,
threshing machines, etc., by attaching it to the engine of au
auto. He is having it patened in
America, The auto is becoming-
more useful.
Rainbow  trout of a large size.
Mi'"    i;i.\    r:ui
niir't-i'i- in 26 rniiiK.
In F'-i'iii:.! M.i.\_ i.J'-I.-i-ky was I'iuod
-o for :u)t workln::'.
i'; wii; _���'>.������;���. >_:;],()i)'") io run tho
iy f.'f  J.l'liie ;'!  t hi--  vi1;::'.
A iiiiiihvij-.. iv a;: I-'i-raie wan
,i-i\ X~,\) ;"(-.[��� >;;,;  ,vu:''.-:i i-.n.
:'hl'i');is of t)()ii.nds (d lirih an.
;e;;.-'.- i-ri-ry year in B. C.
Pt". I'I T." Ward ef Kelowna,
���xx. recently killed iu France.
A t Kelowiin. oOO aen-^ :iro planted
well   (i.vvii   lijOji'i "liionr-. uwil  1000 in tomato^.
un H .;/��� ci-(>(-k ii i     c;;,.    Wilfrid    Laurier   has  been
in.Tci i.'-'d ju.-i- :i 1 iLtIe  <>ver 50 years.
Tliere ;���>���;��� 70I-5 ^fhol children in
I_e,v:_>!-';;oke. ;iiii; xO'] in  (.'ranbrook.
Kc!'i.';i";t.,:.v-! )\:r* a .'-..vnnery that can
v;:!!ev th-i: v'i <
iyy  jiiii'-s ?i'')iti
ill-
! lil'i.-e
:)!i
I
;.,. i
A'���������Z-yi.ei, i.--   X    I..-OVUXHZ.1     lliii;::.
oie ly-'iy i.s i.ivt-r 270 feet wide v, ii:i'
an i'.vw ������;.'��� copper (i')r,!>.'iit of Hi
per cji-nr. Il- lias iirouuco;! 82-5,-
Oou.OiiO 'Aortli of ore!?! throe yx.ny-.
The T'ivoj!! iSiutif;.^   ih    prodncii:;;;
V0,0VlXi      -,:;;,���:      n?      COppl'l'      ;t       IllOrltll.
Owi'-v. ���.���: ...!)���' .-ioai'city of labor and
the ;':���.- :;oi; by the- govin'umeii^
tliM j-ie-d;'.:���:i\>n will likely decrease
thin ~;!;n.:H-". The world h still
sh;=rt of x-X i;iefcal
Iu tho UiiiU'vi Stitss. the price
of copper may he raissd in Aiyn-'.
by the- government. The pre-'-eni;
fixed jirice of 2S-?.- cents a pound-, in
not sufficient, in face of the vastly "j
increased cost of mining and
smelting copper, especially by the.
smaller companies.
The re-open iii e of ihe Idaho and
Brooklyn, by the 0. C, O- will give
Phoenix a iiew lease of life. Ai
the Rawhide, something may also
be done, if is can ba-done. through,
the Curlew. The machinery . was
removed from ih<X Riw'iido when
copper wa? a lore price. A
���v Jt.'isO,T?[)pr_;i'cl-:;t?i'iifexiy]n:;ixUXke
| hasX)(ien: MiadyAwi XIXy���ilhsli:- .���iiiine;:'-
near Stewart.
:Xh
bre,.'i.s gViid;to7:ha7v(
ncireJroiTyJof
: vahu'-iti;���'jjo.lrl
:a,Ad;.;:'.';silvet':.-.6f':: ^oA^-dmvA ,;: Iu:; ia
.OR'ne:d;^::i)y;:'7''R,:7vo,;K.::,7;;;'XorlA'^
Wb(')!.is,'.''.S.;U'd
| can (if) (.:.-\U6 oi  to:.a;i:oe.s  a minute.
j     Job/ S. Jn.hnstone   died   in  En-
jd-rhy hi-4- mo'ith.   a-ed   78   years.
!     Wii!iiij>eg   in   an    Indian    word
I iiK---,,.-i>.iiicr, t-ho city of dirty   waters.
Ii. FiMiiii: t'cc.'id'iy a commercial
traveller was   drunk   for ton days.
Every nu.-n aud woman in Canada,
over-16. au��� rsgi^er ou June 22.
M.-jor A. rru:';n,A.w i-j now inspector for all the Indian agencies in
R. C.
Je.mes Tiugley died at the Old
Mr-rrs Home last month, nged 82
yeara.
Captain S. Broadbe.n�� of Penticton was killed in Franco this
spring.
At. a cost of 826,000. Nakusp is
thinking about putting in waterworks.
Afe the movies in Vannouver,
the   public  now  have  to  pay tho
war tax..
Girls dressed in khaki overalls
are working in tbe sawmills of Port
Hammond.
The dachsbound, looks too much
like Billy's crown prince to be a
popular dog.
The postoffice at St Leon Hot
Springs.lias been closed, and one
opened afc Porto Rico.
There seems to be a little rotten
booze still lingering around some
of the Boundary camps.
In France this spring, one of the
Canadian railway battalions laid
nine miles of steel in one day.
B.   Wilson   &   Co. ��� in Victoria,
were   fined     8100, 'for    throwing
! onions into the sea,   that  were   fife
' for food.
99
jit|f|M;.vDESM0NDA^
llli^ne 19tii, Ethel Claytpn-in-'-SOULS ADRIFT"
.  if> ;���!���= v'i -i .  e 'po'-! fo ilie
crcised tiii- month.
are being  caught   tu   Lo��u  lake j _ 1��'<���?���-���"���������<�� H-.i" .��\ ���������i--u>>  cf
near Eholt. Th;s lake was stock- | lll!' cejn;-! .-r-> -���: o, -n > l.--. ::���. ,li'
ed with trout fry   years  ago. butjZnc M'-,i-
this season is the first   time   thai
any adult fish have be  conscripted by the disciples of Ike Walton.
Alex, Stewart, a well k iow ;
old timer iu the Boundary :ui i
Kootenay districts, <Ii..ci a: tin
coast and was buried ' in V. ������
couvcr, on June 3. Thc late Mr.
Stewart was in the drug bmAn -������
at Piholt until he was burm-ci \ ui
in J 912. He theu moved to she
coast.
Dan Biner, J.  G.  McMv.in. W.
Jenks. Ed. Richter and J. Kiei:;er
went to Oroville the Xm*'. w.1' \: t   ;
trap shoot.    Owing  to i> ~--x ���', '
wind the  scores   were   hiAir.' : ..
average.    In   the  fir-;-t  rou'id   ".
125   birds,   both tcnirj',   ik-i
S'K    In thc second round ti,c -,   .-
iters  were  winners   wi:Ii   102 '
Oroville's  'JI.     A   return.   *- ���
will be held in   Midwav  iu ;'o ���-;
three w;eeks' time.
A .very    quiet   wadding   t-'ii.
place    ia    Phoeuix   on   Frid..
June 7th, when Jeanne J '.- 'u<- .,-..
daughter  of   Mr, and M:-. I-ir.c
Crawford, Carra:.   v. rs>  u i;k��� 'x
marriage     lo    Cipi-aiu    '; '.    :.:. -
Wallace Clarke,  M.   L..   r c.   ���'������
returned   from   Franc-     ~.C v   ':.
J.   Munro  ofiiciatcd.    '.A      ';���
was   given   away   iv f.
and   wore  a    tra'-:, .        -u.
pearl   grey  tart"v.-id   v- .   !/
match.    The   voutu.    l   jp ���
on the East  bound   .- 'in   '-"
da^ via New   Yurk   f  r   ">". -  ������;
where they will roAA;   ;  ;    i .
mouths    before   Capf-A:   C .-A ^
leaves  to" join   his   bat.iai o-,  .;.
France.
, A food hoarder at-��� Niagara, Out.
ia?i been given 30  months  in jail.
:i.;-.ol,^ers/';A^bmivrpf;.d-he. hHe had Concealed vflotir,. bacon and
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Principles of
Academic Freedom
Difficult to Draw the  Line Between
Liberty and License
Academic freedom has two sides.
On the one hand, thc professor
should be free, as long as he remains a professor, tp teach what he
believes to bc the truth in his department. But it is the duty of his
superior authorities to determine
whether they will give the financial
and moral support of the university
to his teaching. It is difficult to draw
die line between liberty and license.
It is difficult to guard against intellectual anarchy on the one side and
intellectual despotism on thc other.
But it is at least safe to say that the
men who are intrusted with thc
control of our educational institutions, whether they are the voters in
the school district or the trustees in
a university, arc in duly bound to
see to it that the education furnished is fitting the pupils for life in a
community which believes in four
fundamental ethical principles���the
rights of persons, of property, of
reputation, ancl of thc family; and
in the one fundamental political
principle���"Government of the people, by the people, and for the people."���Lyman Abbott in thc Ncw
York Outlook.
Britibh  Speak Little of Their Hardships Except Among
Themselves
lolin Ovcnhain, the novelist,
Bpoakmg reccnlly at the City Temple,
London, on liis visit to the western
front, .said that the British spoke little about tlicir hardships except
jimong themselves. A padre described their reticence to the folks at
home as "the most wonderful conspiracy of loving silence thc world
lias   ever  known."
Mr. Oxen ham added that if by a
wonderful stroke on our part, or by
an  extraordinary  default on the part
"I Believe They
Have Cured Me"
WHAT      NEWTON     P.    SMITH
SAYS OF DODD'S KIDNEY PILLS
He Had Previously Tried Doctor's
Medicine, Plasters and Liniments
for His Sore Back, Without Getting Permanent Results.
Parker's Ridge, York Co., N. B.���
(Special).���After suffering for years
from pain in thc back, _Nfewton P.
Sniith, a highly-respected citizen of
this  place,  believes  that  at last    he
of the enemy, we had won this war  j,ns found'a permanent cure through
two years ago, it would have been
thc very worst thing lhat could have
happened to us as a nation. He felt
lhat, in spite of ail the horrible sufferings, we were not ready to win.
We hadn't learned our lesson, and
he was not sure ii wc had learned it
even now.
Ask for Minard's and Take no Other.
When You Dig!
Befriending the Man With  the Gun
and Bayonet
Every inch of farm, garden, and
allotment must do its utmost to beat
the kaiser. Dig your ground, prepare the sod, sow you seeds, tend
your plants with a will for Victory
and allied peace. Privates "Spud,"
parsnip, onion, carrot, leek, turnip,
bean, cabbage, marrow, are wanted
for armies, billions strong, to take
the great offensive in the food fight
Thc man who uses his spade and
hoc patriotically is befriending the
man with thc gnu and bayonet. He
risks his life lhat you may live unmolested���-Remember this when you
dig!���From thc Briiish Ministry of
Food.     .
thc use of Dodd's Kidney Pills. Ask
ed to make a statement for publication, iir. Smith said:���
"I suffered for a number of years
with pain in my back. At times I
was unable to work. After taking
doctor's medicine and using plasters
and liniments with but temporary results, I decided to try Dodd's Kidney Pills, which I believe have cured
me."
All through York County you find
people who give credit to Dodd's
Kidney Pills for a renewed lease of
health. They have been tried for all
forms of kidney diseases, including
rheumatism, dropsy, Bright's disease,
lumbago, heart disease and diabetes,
as well as the milder forms of kidney trouble. Their popularity all
over the country is a tribute t, the
splendid results obtained. If you
haven't used them, ask your neighbors about them.
Cultivation and Uses of Flax
Mrs. Kawlcr���Then
AMr.  Sharp .arc    not
terms any more?
you and young
. on;   speaking
Mrs.  Blundcrby���No,  indeed.   The
last time  I  met him  I told him my j feet to the pound ready for weaving
Yarns and Twines Made from Western Grown Plax
A ncw Jincii, or imitation linen, has
been  produced  from    ordinary    flax
grown on farms in Saskatchewan for
j seed  purposes.      Some  fifty    articles
: made from   this new material    have
! been on  exhibition lit thc parliament
(buildings, Regina, and comprise:
Yarns drawn and spun up to 4,500
husband had locomotive atacksia and
lhe young whippersnappcr had the
impudence to ask if he whistled at
crossings.
Small PUI
Small Dote
Small Pric*
FOR
CONSTIPATION
have stood the test of time.
Purely vegetable. Wonderfully
quick to banish biliou3nesa��
headache, indigestion cud t*
clear up a bad complexion.
Genuine bear* ois-attore
PALEFACES
. Generally Indicate a tacit
of Iron in tht> Blood
Carter'* Iron Pills
Will help this condilioa
Hogs at $21
Favorable Prices and    Ideal    Conditions  for the  Hog Raiser
With live hogs selling at $21, or
thereabouts, a hundred-weight, no
comment is needed on the prosperity
of the bog raiser in Western Canada, notwithstanding thc higher cost
of feed. Prices have been ranging
around this figure at thc three principle markets of Western Canada. At
Winnipeg they reached $21 towards
the end of March. Thc highest price
yet attained at Calgary is $20.85. At
Edmonton, too, the twenty dollar
mark has been passed.
Favorable markets arc not, however, the only advantage possessed
by hog raisers in Western Canada.
They have climatic conditions in
which hog diseases are practically
unknown. They also havc cheap land
for pasture and for growing grain.
Besides, this land at a lower price
produces larger crops of grain than
land in older settled districts at much
higher prices.
Then there are thc Alberta irrigated lands���with their immense fodder
production, particularly alfalfa.
These irrigated lands, with abundant water, with alfalfa, root and
grain crops, with a climate free from
disease, and conventiently located as
to markets, arc especially suited to
thc hog raiser.
Thousands for Farms
Thousands of men arc needed immediately to help on thc farm this
summer. Thc increased acreage of
cereals is an imperative war time
necesfit:-. Employers of labor should
allow men with farm experience to
go back to the farm.
The Privileged Pretty
"Do plain girls or pretty girls do
better in business?" It's about a
toss-up. The plain girls don't make
so many mistakes, but there are fewer kicks about the blunders the pretty girls make.���Boston Transcript.
SPRING IMPURITIES
CLOG TBE BLOOD
Have you
Indigestion?
Your food will continue to disagree with you, and cause distress until you strengthen your
digestive organs, and tone and
sweeten the stomach. You can
do this quickly and surely by
promptly taking a few doses of
BEECHAM'S
into    heavy,    sacking,    burlaps,     or
heavy towelling.
Commercial twines, heavy qualities with gla2ed surfaces, having
a wholesale value ranging irom 50c
to 83c per pound.
Binder twines of a soft even surface being three ply spun and giving
j 750 feet and 900 feet to. the pound,
.with a breaking strain at 60 and 50
1 pounds respectively, not varying
more than 2]A pounds either way.
Tests of this binder twine in the
field gave 99. per cent, of well bound
sheaves, a better result than when
sisal twine was used witb thc same
binder.   ���'-.'���.
Thc preparation and.treatment of
raw flax fibre is simple and cheap,
and can bc carried-on under cover
at all seasons of the year. The
treatment gives a spinning value
of 4,500 feet to thc pound with the
permanent qualities of linen, and is
immune from thc activities of gophers,'mice, or crickets.
The acreage  under  cultivation    in
thc  three  Prairie Provinces to    flax
in 1917 was: in Saskatchewan 700,000
in Alberta 230,000 and in .- Manitoba
63,000 acres, or about 1,000,000-acres
in all, which produces on an average.
l}i tons of straw to thc acre, a.total
,3111011111 of. 1,250,000 tons. The result
shown, from   the manufacture  of un-
rctlcd  fibre was  that  at    least    270
pounds; of    the   :  unfinished    article,
cither yarns or twines, can "be made
from one ton of straw. Saskatchewan
u<os about 23,000,000 pounds, of twine
j per ;iniuim;  there  is, therefore, suffi-
: dent raw   -material    grown    in    the
j.province  to  furnish binder twine    to
i ten   provinces   having  aii   equal    de-
i maud..'.   ���
i" \\'< stern Canada cannot produce
i liiitii at a pr'olii. The short season,
��� larly and late..'frosts,' div.. climate,
hish Winds, and hick uf suitable wat-
,'it. with tht; hinh cost oi labor,-.'make
i it iiiipos-'ibic to -produce -linen on a
j paying b:;>.i-. .\i m.Iiirirry has hi.cn
���invi-iiliii I'm' lakintr liie fibre from lhc
j Mraw \\ i'.hfiui. n-.lling.
j K.irly in V)\7 then- was an associa-
i tion .formed undrr  the name oi    the
Their natural; action relieves
the stomach of undigested food,
stimulates the flow of gastric
juice, renews the activity of
the liver and bowels, and:
strengthens the digestive sys-;
tem. Take therm with "confidence, for 60years' experience
prove that Beecham's Pills "XXX
J-"la\    1'ibre    Development    Assoi'iur.
[.tion,   with   iiciidqua.rlors..."-. in... -.'iKcgbia." J
j with   the   object, (if;,   dcvi-ldpiiig ."lhe |
���use   uf   ilax     niin_.<---las;'\.-disii.ii'.giiished-"
j froni  linen,. aiHl-its/ruilization  id' :.tlic
i man ii far lure-of I hyi- con rser con imdd-
���i itii-s..''-'r/Tli.'osi-;- -foriiiinjf _ the association
! hiid jsri vioiislV; liceu- engaged: in-   the
flalx. industry, iii.'improving librc machinery...'or  iii   chemical-, research, for
l-hi''i>'ii'rjiris.c.'ijf simplifying ..lhc    pro-
ced'.u-c-.oi'/tr.eatiTig raw flax".. -������ Their
laboratory., experiments  having    been
i-MH-.f-i-s'sfuily. completed,' the.    Saskal-
���"rhewiui -governibent-;-' through lhc :dc-
j parti ii cut: of -.agriculture, "gave;,fi nan-.
!ci;d';iid. in  having experiments'���: car-
Vricd -oiil-on .a larger scaJey:and; very;
sat i.-factory, "results-. w.cre'.-.obtairicd.C;.',
A Tonic. Medicine Is a Necessity at
This Season
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills for Pale
People are an all-year-round tonic,
blood-builder and nerve restorer.
But they arc especially valuable in
the spring when the system is loaded with impurities as a result of the
indoor life of the winter months.
There is no other season of the year
when the blood is so much in need
of purifying and enriching, ;.nd every dose of these pills helps to make
new, red blood. In the spring one
feels weak and tired���Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills give new strength.���In
the spring the appetite is often poor
���Dr. Williams' Pink Pills develop
the appetite, tone the stomach and
aid weak digestion. It is in the
spring that prisons in the blood find
an. outlet in disfiguring pimples,
eruptions and boils���Dr. Williams'
Pink Pills speedily clear the skin because they go to thc root of the
trouble, in the.blood. In the spring
anaemia, rheumatism, neuralgL, erysipelas and many other troubles are
most persistent because of poor,
weak blood, and it is at this time,
when all nature takes on new life,
that the blood most seriously needs
attention; Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
actually renew and enrich thc blood,
and this new blood reaches every
organ and every nerve in the body,
bringing new . health and . new
strength to .vcak, easily tired men,
women and children.���Here, is a bit
of proof: Miss Anna Patterson, R.
F.D. No.. 1, Thorold, Ont., says:������
"My trouble was one of general
weakness, which thinned my. blood
and gave mc at times unbearable
headaches, loss of appetite and also
loss in weight. I tried several medicines, but withou. success. Then I
heard of Dr. Williams' Pink Pills
and decided to give them a fa!r trial.
The result is .'that-I .'feel, like a ncw
person. My appetite improved, I
gained in. weight, my blood is thoroughly purified, and my face cleared
of some unsightly, pimples which had
troubled me. If one good turn deserves another then 1 have much
pleasure in recommending Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills."     _ :   . ..'-.-_
If vou need -a medicine this spring
try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills���lliey
���will not disappoint you. These pills
are. sold-by'all medicine dealers, or
you can get them by mail'at 50c a
box or six boxes for $2.50 from The
Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockviile,  Out.
Supplied
���Passenger Agent���Here are sonic-
postcard views along our line of railway.    Would you like tlicni?
Visitor���-Xo,���.. thank;,. you..'. I rode
over the line _6ne.day_.l..sl:_wctk and
Germany ani Belgium
What thc German Annex-thc-
Earth party wr.nts in Belgium is
pungently put by the Hamburger
Nachricteu:
"Wc have often explained the one
and only way to create a Belgium
which will bc simultaneously friendly
and useful to us and protected by
us. In the first place, Bclgianism
must disappear. Thc Flemings and
the Walloons must be separated
completely. Both peoples must receive their independence and the
German empire must take over the
safeguarding of the Blgian frontiers.
The royal family must under all circumstances  be  wiped  out."
An Oil of Merit.���Dr. Thomas'
Electric Oil is not a'jumble of medicinal substances thro'wn together
and pushed by advertising, but thc
result of thc careful investigation of
the curative qualities of certain oils
as applied to the human body. It is
a rare combination and it won and
kept public favor from thc first. A
trial of it will carry conviction to
any who doubt its power to repair
and heal.
Canada and the U. S.
_ Americans im.geiTJral know too
little about Canada. Canadians, on
the ether hand, know a lot about the
United States, Canadian scho 1
courses give adequate courses on the
geography, the history and the resources of this country, while ours
content themselves with a hasty survey of our neighbor. As partners
in this great war enterprise, Canada
and the United States havc reached
a unity of purpose which cements
the friendship of thc last century in
ncw bo"nds. Wc ought to get acquainted and keep acquainted in the
years to come.���Detroit I\Tews.
Soft corns arc difficult to eradicate,
but Holloway's Corn Cure will draw
them out painlessly.
Bad Year Ahead
In Forest Fires
Rangers Ask Public to  Help Them
Keep Fire Out of the Woods
The danger season for forest fires
is near at hand. Rapidly drying soil
has left the old grass, brush, leaves,
etc., in most perilous condition for
starting fires.
An effort is^ being made by the fire
rangers in this province to keep
down the forest losses this year to a
minimum. They will succeed only if
every camper carefully extinguishes
his campfire before leaving it, if every smoker refrains from tossing
away burnt matches or tobacco in or
near a wood, and if settlers in the
newly opencc districts guard their
land-clearing fires with the utmost
care. Settlers' fires continue to bc
the very worst source of forest-conflagration, although campers and
careless smokers are. close competitors.
"The fire rangers," says thc Canadian Forestry Association, "want, every good citizen to regard himself as
a deputy ranger from now until November first.
"A Canadian forest was never
worth so much as today, never gave
so many jobs as today, never put
money into circulation as it docs this
year."
Increase in
Automobile Licenses
Demonstrates the   Growing   Wealth
of the Agricultural Community
One of thc outstanding features of
the annual rcpo -t of the provincial
secretary of Alberta is the increase
in the number of permits issued under thc Motor Vehicle Act during tbe
year 1917. During the year 20,624
such licenses were issued, compared
with 9,707 for 1916. Thc number in
1906 was only 41.
The record for thc past twelve
years is astonishing and demonstrates the growing wealth of the
agricultural community of thc province, thc great increase in use being in the main attributable to the
enhanced nurchasir.g ability of the
farmers of Alberta.
Sheep Industry Going Ahead
The    Marvelous    Progress    of    the
Wool Industry
Figures quoted by thc provincial
treasurer before the Alberta legislature a few days ago show the marvelous progress of thc wool industry
in Alberta during the past few years.
The total value of wool produced in
1914 was $236,321, while in 1917 the
value of the clip had grown to $1,-
189,380. Of course, prices havc had
something to do with this, for while
in 1914 they averaged 16 cents a
pound, in 1917 thc average was 57
cents. Thc production in 1914 was
1,500,000, and in 1917 it had risen to
2,086,600 pounds. From these figures
it is evident that the industry is going ahead,
Willing
"No, madam," said thc lazy tramp.
"I'm sorry but it's ag'in my principles.    I  can't chop no wood."
"Well," answered the farmer's
wife, "there will be some coal here
this afternoon and "
"I'm sorry ag'in, but I can't carry
no coal. But I'll tell you what I will
do. I'll compromise. If you've got
a gas stove I'll turn on the gas fur
ye."-���Boston Transcript.
Had ship's anchor fall on my knee
and leg, and knee swelled up and for
six days I could not move it or get
help.- I then started to use MINARD'S LINIMENT and hvo bottles
cured me.
PROSPER FERGUSON.
Feeding Grain in Stock Yards
No grain may now be fed to livestock awaiting slaughter in stock
yards eight hours before killing. Barley above grade No. 3 and oats
above No. 1 feed, may not be fed
to stock in stock yards. Millablc
wheat may not be bought or sold as
poultry feed. Grain for feeding or
decoying migratory wild fowl is prohibited except under license by the
Canada food board.
Hard Luck
"Bad luck, that, for poor old Bill,"
said Jinks, the chauffeur. "He got
fined for taking out his employer's
car without permission."
"But how did  the boss know    he
"Bill ran over him."���New York
Times.
Chewing
IS THE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has a pleasing
flavor.
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
mi^ss
������������V
Values of Farm Lands
Low Price of Land and Food Production
Thc average value of farm land
for the whole of Canada, including
land improved and unimproved, together with dwelling houses, barns,
stables and other farm buildings, is
approximately $44 pcr acre as compared with $41 in 1916, according to
the latest report of the census and
statistics branch at Ottawa. Tim
average value of land in the Prairie
Provinces is as follows:
Manitoba, $31.00; Saskatchewan,
$26.00; Alberta, $26.70.
It is thc low prices at which land
can bc_ obtained in Western Canada
which is rendering this country such
an important factor in the production of foodstuffs at the present time.
It is enabling men who have been
farming small areas in older districts
to take up and farm with the same
capital areas not only many times as
great, but which are also capable of
producing considerably larger crops
to thc acre. Cases similar to the
following, which was reported recently from Herbert, Saskatchewan,
are by no means uncommon:
"Peter A. Klasscn, who recently
moved to Herbert, Sask.,_ from Kansas, has purchased a section of prairie land in the Hillsboro district
about 24 miles northwest of Herbert,
for which hc paid $12,000 cash. Hc
is erecting temporary buildings to
live in while putting the place in cultivation, and this summer plans to
erect good buildings on the farm and
equip it for a home. Mr. Klasscn recently sold his 80-acrc farm in Kansas for $15,000 and is investing the
proceeds in Canada."
With the proceeds of the sale of
his land in Kansas, this farmer purchased in Saskatchewan a piece eight
times as large as he had previously
been farming, and had a balance
with which to purchase equipment,
stock, etc., of $3,000. Moreover, as
land in Saskatchewan may be expected to yield twice as much grain per
acre, he will be able to produce sixteen times as much as formerly.
Successful Women Farmers
are
The Spirit That Wins
That was a noble, a self-sacrificing
spirit evidenced by General Pershing, commanding thc American forces in France, when he told the allies: "All that we have are yours to
dispose of as you will." That is the
spirit that wins.���Knigston Whip. ���
Many Women . Farmers    Who
Meeting With Success
Among thc most successful farmers of the Oak Lake district, Manitoba, are the Misses Clara and Beatrice Forward, -who for tliffc past fourteen years havc farmed their own
land, doing all thc regular work on
the farm such as plowing, seeding,
summcrfallowing, and reaping. They
havc been especially successful with
stock, and have a splendid herd ol
Shorthorns, both purebred and
grade. At the recent Brandon sale
they purchased a new purebred stock
bull for $700. Their herd was, last
year, increased by 23 calves.
Miss R. M. Hillman, of Keeler,
Saskatchewan, is another successful
woman farmer. She has gone in extensively for grain growing, and
farms 1,120 acres. She also owns
some of the finest Pcrcheron horses
in Saskatchewan.
Thc prairies now boast of many
women farmers who have had more
or less success, though few are farming on thc same large scale as Miss
Hillman and the Misses Forward.
These women have demonstrated,
and are still demonstrating, that a
versatile woman may be just as good
and successful a farmer as her brother.
The usc of Miller's Worm Powders insures healthy children so far
as thc ailments attributable to worms
are concerned. A- high mortality
among children is traceable to
worms. These sap the strength of
infants so that they are unable to
maintain the battle for life and succumb to weakness. This preparation
gives promise of health and keeps it.
Son of the Soil
Under the auspices of the Canada
food board, 25,000 Canadian boys
from 15 to 19 years of age, were called to help out this summer on the
farm. _ To date, 23,000 responded in
Ontario and thc western provinces
alone. Quebec and the Maritime
Provinces hold their, enrolment later.
Why don't you accept him if he
has offered to havc his life insured
in your favor?
Because if he was a good risk for
thc insurance company, he'd be a
bad one for me.
Minard's   Liniment   Used by Physicians.
Germany, the Outcast
ihave :vic.\ys; of. liiyown oh ib
the Stomach
tmt-t S.J* sf Anr Meditfae ia A* World,
Soi4 ersrrwbore.   l*boXM,2Sc.:
WXXyytJXXVxXil2Q7i.
XXiywhkt XHt Mc^Xx-xXXX
'.'���"Small/Politician���-I want.to talk;to
ybu,; sir,Vabout: a remark: y?u:Xmade
respecting: me, in 'your paper. _������ .You
called; mc'a: political jobber," sir J Xixii
--���:;Editor���^Ycs,; ;it;was a: ytry.annoying, ^typographicalterror,'/Xand X-- J
promptly dismissed:.the compositbrv
:y.;:Smairv'P.olitidan^Ah!--.'''''tlieii.;-'.:'-you.
didn't: mean .to. call me.a; j.obbo.r? ..'.-
"i .Editor���XoV..:-'sir:V..'l..';wrote".'.'r.oIi!).e.r"
UNi6n MADE;
OVERALLS
SHIRTS &Gt6VES
M
What Measure of Forgiveness   Will
Allies Extend to Enemy
After the War
When peace is signed at last and
thc various combatants shake hands
over it all, just what i.s going to be
the measure of forgiveness which
the allies will extend to Germany?
Will it be thc_ Biblical seventy times
seven, or will il bc a mere lip affair?
German commercial aspirations wiil
havc to bc satisfied. She will seek
to regain her old markets and to enter ncw ones. President Wilson, in
his addresses to congress, has insisted that every nation at the close
of the war shall bc unhampered in
its endeavor to work out its own
destiny. Wc shall insist upon this
principle being applied to Belgium,
to Poland, to thc Balkan States, and
to Russia���so far as the Bolshcviki
will permit themselves to be helped.
Even Austria will receive a fail ly
glad band, while Bulgaria and Turkey will bc recognized as having
possibilities in the direction of being taincd and made into useful peoples. But in thc case of Germany���
that in something else again. Wc
can open our markets lo her, but
markets arc of no avail if thc people-will not buy���and one is not apt
to resume relations of any kind with
a man who has shown himself to
be a second-story artist, a murderer,
a liar, and lost to every sense of decency. Uncle Sam cannot conduct
business wilh a man whose dog is
kept ready to spring without an instant's warning.at his throat.���Cartoons Magazine.
Back
:-;UWfi*XX
\j^toum,from,Coaatia
TORONTO
CANADA
A Rugged Path Before Us
Wc havc still, Mr. Bonar Law-
said recently, '"a rugged path before
us," and although there is "no
ground for discouragement or faint
heart," we cannot afford to squander
our resources in the comfortahle belief that the government will pet
the money somewhere and somehow. If we do not all do our part
in saving and lending, other and less
pleasant methods of raising t money
and curtailing expenditure will have
to be adopted.���The Scotsman.   .
The Lawyer
"Father," asked the little son,
"what is a lawyer?"
"A lawyer? Well, my =on, a lawyer is a man who gets two men to
strip for a-'fiqht and then runs off
with their clothes."���Buffalo Courier.
NATURE gives warning of
approaching disaster, and
backache tells you that the
kidneys are deranged.'
*
As soon as the kidneys fail
poisons are left in the blood,
which cause aches and pains,
rheumatism and lumbago.
The digestive system is interfered with, and there is gradual
loss of flesh and harshness
and dryness of the skin.
There is often headache
and dropsical swelling of
the limbs. >.
The most effective treatment is that which awakens
the action of the liver and
bowels, as well as the kidneys,
for these organs work together in removing the poisonous impurities from the system.
This is the reason why Dr. Chase* s Kidney-Liver Pills are so successful
in the treatment of diseases of the kidneys. This is why they frequently
cure when ordinary kidney medicines fail.
Just put this medicine to the test when you have backache, headache
and other indications that these filtering and eliminating organs are sluggish
in action, and see how quickly they will respond.
Prevention is always the wiser course. For this reason it is well to keep
Dr. Chase's Kidnev-Liver Pills at hand, and by. regulating these organ*
forestall serious disease.
Dr. Chase s Kidney-liver Pis
One pill a dose, 25 cents a box, all dealers, or Edmanson, Bates & Co., Ltd., Toronto.   Do not be talked into accepting a substitute.    Imltationa only disappoint. %
i
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We pay the Highest
Market Price for
IRON SCRAP  METALS
OLD MACHINERY, ENGINES
AND BOILERS
Our facilities enable us to give quick
���ervicc   to   country   shipments.      Immediate cash  settlement.
DOMINION METAL EXPOXTIMG C).
Winnipeg, Man.
Our Smallest Railw
ay
'�����.'���$*
COOK'S   COTTON   ROOT COMPOUND
A tafe, nliahtt regulating mil.
cine. Sold in three degrees of
strength. No. 1, (1 1 No. 2. $3;
No. 3. $5 per box. Sold by all
drugcists, or sent prepaid in
plain package on receipt of
price. Free pamphlet AddreM
THE COOK MEDICINE CO
Toronto, Oni LFcrmertv Windsor.)'
��HB NEW FRENCH REMEDY. No. N.2. HA
THERAPION 8S&MI
great iucce��, cures chhomc weakness, lost vioo��
Jt VIM, KIDNEY. BLADDKK. DISEASES, BLOOD POISON,
FILES. EITHER "0. DRUGGISTS Or HAIL tl. tOSV 4 CT*
tOUCERACO, M, BESKMAN ST. NEW YORKarLYMAM B*0|
Toronto,  write ron FREE book to Dr. Lb ClehO
HED.CO. HAVKR5TOCKRD. UAMP5TEAD. LONDON, EKO.
tKY NEW DRAGEE (TASTELESS) FORUOP   EASY TO T4XI
THERAPION ��H^0cu��
KTMAT TRADE  MARKED WORD ���THERAPION- IS Ol
'. OOVT.��T*��f AVrUSO TO ALL OBHUIMX MCKKA
Stretches-From End to  End   of   an
Island   in  the  Aathabasca
River
So much is heard, in these days,
of the "biggest lailroad in the
world," the "biggest pier," the "largest aeroplane," the "greatest business
undertaking," that is a relief to learn
that there is actually a railroad that
boasts of being the smallest in the
world and is entirely satisfied with
its lot. This is the Grand Jsland
Railway, which stretches fro"m end
to end of an i hind in tlie Athabasca
river, in Northern Canada. Thc entire length of tn-ck i\ :i nuarter of a
mile, and the ro!._:_,_, .iock comprises
two well-worn lor;-i s Merchandise
is brought to il.. :- .1 in boats or
scows, transferrer -..> the railroad,
and shipped again by water at the
other end. The man who owns this
railroad is annoyed by few strikes,
since he has few employees; customers must load the cars themselves and propel them by band power
across the island. Certainly this is
"thc simple life" with a vengeance,
but the owner says that the. enterprise returns thousands of dollars a
year, ami he leaps into the fashionable superlative by claiming that his
is not only the smallest but the most
profitable railroad in thc world.���
Christian Science Monitor.
RAW FURS
OUR ADVICE
Ship to us at once and Reap
Benefits of High Prices
now prevailing.
Price List and Shipping Tags FREE
Richard M.Fierce; Manager
TKinfmdAJexmder, WINNIPEG. Canada
We Alsb Buy HIDES and SENECA ROOT
Worth Asking- For
A  Free   Offer   Is  Made by  a Reliable  Firm
There are very few people ' who
arc not in some measure famliar with
the merits of Dr. Chase's medicines,
and in many homes these well-
known preparations occupy first
place in the family medicine chest.
To those who' may not as yet have
given Dr. Chase's remedies a trial,
a free offer is being made of one 25
cent box of Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills, one sample box of Dr.
Chase's-Ointment, and one copy of
Dr. Chase's Recipes. All that is
necessary in order to take advantage
of the above offer is to write to
Edmanson, Bates & Co., Ltd., Dr.
Chase Bldg., Toronto, mentioning
the name of this paper, and enclos
ing a 2-ccnt stamp to pajr postage.
A Boy for Every Hoe
Putting Upon the Farms Every Boy
Who Can Be Induced to
Work There
Thc demand for the largest possible crops this year is imperative.
The great obstacle to bumper crops
is the lack of labor for the farms. To
secure such labor there should bc
the same sort of mobilization _ of
forces which has been applied,
through private co-operation; to other phases of war work. The reserve of labor in. thc city���especially
that of high school boys not commonly drawn 'tipon-r-is considerable
and the preliminary steps towards
organizing it for this work has been
going well. That organization should
be completed promptly before lhe
planting season opens, and nothing
be allowed to interfere witb putting
upon the farms every boy who can
be induced to work there, whether
as a member of a farm camp or in
private employment. ��� Brooklyn
JCaglc.    ;������
Unless worms bc expelled from thc
system, no child can bc healthy.
Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator
is the best medicine extant to destroy worms.
Back to Barbarism
Armenia Is Trampled by the Hordes
That Destroy But Cannot
Build
Eastern Armenia, including whe
ceded provinces of Kars, Batum and
Erivan, has been for thousands of
years the border line of civilization.
To the west thc mighty civilizations
of Rome and of Byzantium flourished and decayed . while the" Armenians held the gate against the Turanian nomads of Central Asia, tbe
Parthians, the Tartars and the Turks.
At length the desert conquered.
The Turks poured over the decadent
and war-worn Armenian states, overthrew thc relics of the Byzantine
empire and flung themselves upon
Europe to devour the nations as a
locust swarm might settle on a
farmer's field. The barbarians were
turned aside from the walls of Vienna by the Polish sword, but from
the Caspian to thc Adriatic they
kept unbroken sway.
In the early dawn of the nineteenth century the Russian bear began to paw cautiously around_ to the
south of the Caucasus. Thrice he
grasped the fortress of Kars, but
twice be was compelled to return it
to the Turk. In 1878 he was allowed, to keep his hold. He was allowed Batum also as a free commercial port, which soon became a
naval base at the cost of a broken
treaty. Europe and civilization were
reconquering Armenia from Asia
and barbarism. By a curious reversal of history, civilization was now
advancing from* the east nnd barbarism slowly retreating to the west.
For Russian rule, however oppressive, was not a mere blast of death
and stench of decay like the blighting power of  the  Ottoman.
In thc year of our Lord 1918 two
of the worst events in human history took place. Tbe new born Russian republic surrendered its liberating mission to a Christian and Protestant power in Central Europe,
and that most civilized of< nations,
accepting the legacy of dying Russia, immediately gave back the Armenian borderland to the Turks.
Once again thc desert is victorious;
once again Armenia is trampled by
the. hordes that destroy but cannot
build; Timur the Lame, Altila and
Genghis Khan enter triumphantly
the gate flung open by Germany,
traitor to humanity, Christianity and
civilization.��� From the Independent,
New York.
After 10 Years of Asthma Dr.   T.
D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy proved the only reiicf for one : grateful
user, and this is but one cure among
man j'. Little wonder that_ it has
now become thc one recognized remedy on the market. It has carncd_ its
fame by its never failing effectiveness. It is earning it today, as it
has done for years. It is the greatest, asthma specific within the reach
of suffering humanity.
itcfflnaScaiPS
On retiring touch spots of dandruff and
itching with Cuticura Ointment. Next
morning shampoo with Cuticura Soap
and hot water. This treatment does
much to keep the scalp clean and
healthy and to promote hair growth.
Sample Each Free hy Mnll. Address post-card;
"Cutlcuro, Dept. N, lloston, V. S.'A." Sold
by dealers throughout tbe world.
Mike's Philosophy
What Contributed  MoBt to  His Financial Success
Being well equipped physically,
Michael Murphy had no difficulty in
holding his job as sexton until the
first internment, when he was asked
to sign the certificate.
"I can't write," said Mike, and
was discharged.
Out of a job, Mike turned to contracting, and in time became wealthy
���and a figure in the community.
When he applied to the leading
ba-nk for a loan of ten thousand
pounds he was assured that he could
get it, and was asked to sign thc
necessary notes.
Again lie was obliged to reply, "I
can't write."
The banker  was astounded.
"And you havc accumulated all
this wealth and position without
knowing how to write?" he exclaimed.   "What would you have been to-
daMikeyPTusCe��d VtrTmomcnt and an- A Soldierly Accomplishment
swered: "I  would  havc been
To Give People Homes
Tlie British government is proposing to grant financial aid for the
erection of 300,000 houses in England
and Wales and 50,000 in Scotland,
building to be begun during the demobilization of the forces. The national housing and town planning
council is to consider a comprehensive scheme for London and Greater
London. Various suggestions are to
bc dealt with. Among others, that
preferential treatment shall be given
to large families, that slum areas
shall be cleared and housing schemes
carried into effect wherever there is
a shortage.
YES!    LIFT A CORN J
OFF WITHOUT PAIN!
Cincinnati man tells how to dry
up a corn or callus so it
lifts off with fingers.
You corn-pestered men and women
need suffer no longc. Wear the shoes
that nearly killed you before, says
this Cincinnati authority, because a
few drops of freezonc applied directly
on a tender, aching corn or callus,
stops soreness at once and soon the
com or hardened'callus loosens so it
can be lifted off, root and all, with
out pain.
A small bottle of freezonc costs
very little at any drug store, but will
positively take off every hard or soft
corn or callus. This should be tried,
as it is inexpensive- and is said not to
irritate  lhe  surrounding skin.
lf your druggist hasn't any frcezone
tell him to get a small bottle for you
from bis wholesale drug house, it is
fine stuff and acts like a charm every
time.
COPENHAGEN
CHEWING TOBACCO
One of the reasons why Copenhagen
Chewing Tobacco is becoming more
���and more popular is, because it does
not attract attentioa in the mouth.
It is not chewed; on the contrary, a
small pinch is placed in the mouth
between the lower lip and gum.
This gives complete satisfaction
without chewing, and leaves a pleasant,
cool after-taste
Copenhagen Chewing' Tobacco   is
' scientifically prepared, of the best old,
ripe, high flavored leaf tobacco.
It is in the ibrin of small grains, and
being very rich, only a small quantity
should be placed Ln the mouth.
"It's ihe .moat: economical chew".
ton."���Montreal   Herald.
scx-
The British soldier still sings as he
goes into battle.    All's  well.
���
,   3.,,!   ,,
���
gw5
llli
EGYPTIAN   LINIMENT
For Sale by all  Dealers
Douglas & Company, Napanee, Ont.
Postal Service in Palestine
Now   Being   Provided   Provisionally
by the Army Postoffice
The postoffice department" announces lhat information has been
received from the general postoffice,
England, that a postal service to the
civilian population of that portion of
Palestine occupied by the British
forces is now being provided provisionally by the army postoffice with
the Egyptian Expeditionary Fcrce.
Unregistered letters and postcards
fully prepaid at the international letter rate of 5 cents for the first ounce
and 3 cents for each additional
ounce, and 2 cents for postcards, can
be forwarded. The correspondence
must be solely of a private or domestic character. There is no service at present for printed matter or
parcels.
BABY'S HEALTH
IN THE SPRING
Tlie Spring is a time of anxiety to
Quickness Is Needed   in    Preparing
Trenches to Repel an Attack
The best tiling an infantryman
doesis dig. lie learns to dig quickly,
to dig !radically, but efficiently, for
many times during a year in the
trenches his. .,!:���> 1 saves his life,
and tho ground hc .has won at the
risk of his life.
This is best illustrated in thc case
ef % successful attack.  .  .  .
Thc fourth trench���the la-it to be
taken���is where lhe real scene of
activity ensues. One second wasted
may mean a hundred lives lost
j Cost of Living in Sweden
| There    Are    Places    With     Higher
j-      Prices Than They are Here
j Sweden before the war used to
import about 5,000,000 tons of coal
and coke per year. This supply, of
course, has stopped. One result is
that coal in Sweden now sells at
$100 a ton, and is difficult to obtain.
In Denmark, also, the coal shortage
is acute. In Copenhagen's finest departmental store clerks wear big
straw slippers and woolen blankets
because there is not ccal enough lo
keep  the place properly heated.
Automobile tires are scarce in
Denmark and^consequently have skyrocketed in price. A single tire sold
for $540 there last October.
Tea in Sweden is $8 a pound. Coffee is practically unobtainable. Woolen clothing has increased more than
200 pcr cent, in price since thc beginning of the war. Chocolate sells
for $3 a pound; ham for $1 a pound.
Gasoline, likewise, is difficult to
obtain, and the price of it is prohibitive���last October it was $2 a gallon.
Thc length of the midwinter day
in Sweden is approximately four
hours. Lighting, therefore, is an essential. Kerosene is practically unobtainable, so llic people havc to depend largely upon candles.^ In August, 1914, randies were 15 cents a
pound; in January, 1917, 34 cents a
pound; and last October, 58 cents a
pound.
Thc scarcity and consequent abnormal prices of motoring necessities���tires and gasoline, for example
���have necessarily affected the use
of pleasure cars. Recently there
taxi  cabs  opcr-
ARTICLES WANTED FOR CASH
Old Jewellery: Plate: Silver: Curios:
Miniatures: Pictures: Needlework: Lace:
Old China: ' Cut Glass: Ornaments;
Watclies:   .Rings:   Table   Ware.
Write or send by  Express,  to
B. M. & T. JENKINS. Limited
Antique   Galleries .
28 and  30   College  Street, Toronto.  Ont
SHOE POLISHES
LIQUlDSwPASTES
Ablack,white ,tan, dark brown
or ox-blood shoes
PttESERVE^eLEATHEft
THt r.FOALltV CORW)HATIONSttn,l��MILTOM.C*lttM. __
The reason for this rush is that it j were only seventeen
is  now  a  maximum   of  the   fighting i ating in Stockholm.
In the spring of 1916 ordinary low-
on the western front that a counterattack may reasonably be expected
within five minutes after a set of
trenches has been taken���certainly
within ten. The enemy, in making a
counter-attack, naturally hits first at
the trench nearest him, which is tbe
fourth one captured in thc successful
attack. Therefore it is vitally necessary lo face the parapet the other
way, pile up the sandbags, piles and
other obstructions, for breastworks,
throw up barbed wire and fasten it
to a tangle of stakes if time allows,
and generally transform what has
been the enemy's fourth line of defence into a new iirst line trench
ready to repel an attack.
Keep    Minard's
House.
Liniment    in    the
Keeping Milk Pure
To
Guard      Against     Disagreeable
Odors and Tastes
Warm milk at the time it is drawn
from the cow readily absorbs from
llie air of the stable certain substances which impart to the milk disagreeable odors    and    tastes.    When
mothers who  havc little ones in thc   milk is. allowed to stand in a poorly
Two, Feeding Experiments
Pork at a Cost    of   $3.50   per    100
Pounds on Alfalfa
G.   H.   Htitton,  superintendent     of
thc Dominion Experimental Farm at
Lacombe,    at    a  Farmers'   Institute
meeting in Alberta,    said    that    800
ihogs  will have been marketed  from
the farm under  his  charge for    tbe
year   ending  with  this   month.      He
said ho. had made pork at a cost of
$3.50   pcr    100    pounds    on    alfalfa
j pasture with    self-feeder    for    grain
j ration and at $3.30 per  100    pounds
(on    rape    pasture    with    self-feeder.
jTltc saving that  these  pastures   will
i effect in  thc cost of producing pork
jsnadfethc value of the pasture about
'$80 per acre.    Last
home. Conditions make it necessary
to keep thc baby indoors. He is often
confincJ to overheated, badly ventilated rooms and catches colds which
rack his Whole system. To guard
against this a box of Baby's Own
Tablets should be kept in the house
and an "occasional dose given tbe
baby to keep his stomach and bowels working regularly. This will
prevent colds; constipation or colic
and keep baby well. Thc Tablets
are sold by medicine dealers or by
mail at 25 cents a box from The Dr.
Williams' Medicine Co., Brockviile,
Ont.
A Canny Scot
Sandy and John were sitting iii a
car when a pretty girl got in and
smiled at tli�� former. He raised his
hat.
"Do yon know her?" asked the
Englishman..
"Oh, yes, very weel," the Scot replied.
"Well, shall wc go and sit over beside her and then you can introduce
year,    on    2<10'mc?" asked his companion.
��� Pittsburg Chronicler
per  acre
jhogs,    covering    thc  "entire    period \��� "Wait a  bit," returned the
'from  May 7 tc January  19,    it took1 Scot.   "She liasna paid h
14.90  pounds  of  grain    with    pasture
'added to produce one pound of pork.
Mr,  Htitton  estimates  that one acre
of rape  saves almost . 2,500    pounds
of grain,    besides    producing    much
heavier hogs at the same age.     Thc
sclf-fccder-fed bogs  were  read)1    for
market six weeks sooner .and.'.made
cheaper  gains    with    far    less  woik
than those pail-fed.
Harry Bell,    whose
fourteen  miles
adopted  a novel method in    .winter-' cdy is Putnam's Corn Extractor
fecdinp- catt"       HI?   farm  is  crossed , A corker  the way it loosens
by  the    Sturgeon    river,    and  on  a j makes'it   nee:   right  off
canny
ventilated or unclean barn, the characteristic odor and taste of aromatic
feeds such as beets, ensilage and turnips may bc imparted to milk in the
same manner. This may lead one to
believe that the trouble is due to
food which has been eaten, and that
the odor and taste have been eliminated wilh the milk through the
udder.
Ordinarily the condition can be
corrected by the prompt removal of
thc milk as soon as drawn from each
respective animal and placing it in
the milk house where facilities for
the proper and immedia cooling
are available.
grade walking shoes in Sweden had
increased in price to $11 a pair. They
are how $25 a pair.
A Cure for Fever and Ague.���Disturbance of the stomach and liver always precede attacks of fever. and
ague, showing derangement of the digestive organs and deterioration in
the quality, of the blood. In these
ailments Parmelee's Vegetable Pills
have been found most effective, abating the fever and subduing the ague
in a few days. There are many who
are subject to these distressing disturbances and to these there is no
better preparation procurable as a
means of reiicf.
Magnificent Diamond
Valuable gifts, including a magnificent diamond, have been presented
.for a forthcoming Red Cross sale.
Discovered in 1901 in the De Beers
Mines, Giiqualand West, the diamond was cut in Amsterdam, and
now weighs two -hundred and five
carats. In line it is a pale canary
yellow, and by artificial light is
much mare luminous than a white
stone. In tlie top facet of the stone
a Maltese cross is distinctly visible
���a peculiarity only shared by the
Pitt Diamond or Regent's Diamond
--and it has been named the Red
Cross diamond, and is probably the
largest yellow7 diamond in the world.
��mai*aaiMa��aamiMn
A Kidney Remedy j
Kidney troubles are frequently
caused by badly digested food
-which overtakes these organs to
eliminate the irritant acids
formed. Help your stomach to
properly digest the food by
taking 15: to 30 drops of Extract
ef Root*, sold as Mother Seigel's
Curative Syrup, and your kidney
disorder will promptly dis*
appear.   Get the genuine.       j   1
I I
The Heart of a Piano is the
Action.   Insist on the
Otto Higel Piano Action
MONEY ORDERS
Send   a  Dominion   Express   Money   Order.
They are  payable everywhere.
Minard's      Liniment
Friend.
Lumberman's
Catarrh Cannot be Cured
��ith LOCAL APPLICATIONS, ��s the��
-aimot reach thc scat ol the disease. Catarrh
is b local disease, greatly influenced by con-
tlitiitioiial conditions, and in order to cure it
vou must take an internal remedy. Hall's
Catarrh .Cure is taken internally and acts
through the blood on the mucous surfaces
M the system. Hall's Catarrh Cure was prescribed by one cf thc best physicians iu this
country for years. It is composed of-some
��( the best tonics known, combined with
tome of the best blood purifiers. The perfect combination of the ingredients in Hail's
Catarrh Cure is what produces such wonder.
���     ���   ��� ���������" Send lor
her  fare  yet." ! '"1 results in catarrhal conditions.    Send
��� p'i ,���*     '    i tc-;!r.::oniala.  free.
letcgiaph F   j   CHENEY   &  CO..  Props.,  Toledo,
PEELS OFF A CORN
WITHOUT ANY PAIN
AU  Druggists,  75c
Hall's, l'aiuily  Pills  for constipation.
Unwholesome Foodstuffs
Their
It is magic,  no, scientific���a  wonderful 'combination     discovered   that
farm  is sonic j will shrivel iii> the toughest old corn
from   Edmonton,  has! you ever saw. The name of this rcm-
111   a.
It's
corn;
solid
Destruction   Provided   for in
Bill to Be Introduced
Thc confiscation and destruction of
Gaining On Her
Druggist-���How did you find that
hair restorer I sold you a fortnight
ago? '������'';..���.
Henpeck-���Great! My wife can't
pull out my hair fast enough to keep
up with it.
Garbage as Hog Feed
Saskatoon, Sask., feeds 500 to 800
hogs on garbage, mixed with a small
amount of grain. Tbe city of Worcester, Mass., feeds 3,000 hogs on
garbage; Springfield,_Mass., sells $50-
000 worth of municipal fed bogs;
Grand Rapids, Mich., feeds 300 cattle, 400 sli'ccp and 700 pigs on garbage and a certain amount of bay.
Adlington, Mass., Lowell, Mass.,
Fall River, Mass., and Providence,
R. I.,���all distribute their garbage to
private companies who feed it to
livestock.
..-:.-.:-- !N
Delicate Young Girls,
Pale, Tired Women
The British, arc carving a slice off
Turkey in Asia with . almost daily
regularity.- ���' 'i'': :
sunny  slope    on    the    bank of  this j lump without the" slightest pain... Kc-j been  given.by
river  he    constructed    a    large self-!     ------
feeder    aud    hopper to  bold  several '
loads of cut straw and   green    feed.
From  this  hopper thc  cut  feed falls
into a...trough, from which the 'cattle
feed at their leisure.   ��� It is    only   a
few short  steps    to  thc river where ,
an abundance  of  water  is    available jBy J- W. Gerrard in "Face to  Face
and the overhanging branches of tbe
willow    bluffs    provide    an  open-air
suits talk. Putnam's gives results
and costs but a quarter. Sold everywhere.
The German Emperor
.... ,     1 . �����  1    There is no beauty, in pallor,    but
unsound or unwholesome    foodstuifs j proo�� oi v]cnty of weakness.    Exer-
found ih packing h'ouses or cold-1 tion makes your heart flutter, your
storage warehouses is provided for!back and limbs ache, and you sadly
111-a resolution of which notice has';!iccd something to put some gingcr
Hon T \ Crerar ')nt�� your system, fry Dr. Hamilton s
minister of agriculture, on* "which a \ Wis;'they make you feel alive,
bill wiil bc based. The resolution
provides that . abattoirs, pitching
houses  or    other      premises    where
foodstuffs;
kept, shall-be brought
With Kaiserism"
The taicnls and  ability and acre?
able  personality  of  thc  German  <?u
pcror must riot blind us to the (act
that lie is the centre of the system
which   has   brought  thc   world   lo   a
1   never
of   his-
lat
his   titti-ranccs   disclose   tlie   soul
shelter.
During January, February and
March of last year be cut 85 loads
of feed,    of    which    30 loads    were
green  feed ami  55 loads were straw, j ,,c      {    an<1  ;.)iscl.v        ,,
This  lot  of 8a  loads  o    feed fed    0. ,;;ls'.kn(Wn   ,,itu.c -���     tlanil
head  of steers  for the  three months Wc miM.!llber  that     ill
and   they  did  well.       Ihen    a     few,,- xincrances   (iisc!,
bags of  firam  were mixed     with  the    ,JC   co      |t.vo      of   ;l  ,���.���,     intcil!.
green   feed.       Ilnrtv  more  loads    ol j .,���.���_��� .
ft , tat *    1      t ��l I * ����� 1 *.'L1J*
eed were cut and blown  ,ntr>' sl,il.uous
the  feeder and   the cattle  were   -fed I
heavily on  chop as they  were"  being
finished   for  the  market.     The  catllc
were   carried  on    this     feed   till    the
first week of June.
The 70 head of catllc consumed
100 bushels  of barley,  part  of  win"
under thc provisions.of the moat and
canned foods act. It provides also
for inspection and .marking- of foodstuffs imported or exported.  _
Xw��X Hand It Out To Them
JS-       ^ They Pass���
' *&"*
Or better, send them half a dozen barsof this nourishing chocolate. There is many a brave Fellow hungry today in the trenches, who will appreciate this highly concentrated food more than anything olse. Positively die finest
eating chocolate made, 5c. and 25c. sizes*
<OWAN
had  been  late  and frosted, and    400
bushels of oats in addition to the.cut
feed.       They  were   bought  at    $fy5
I pcr .hundred  weight aild  sold at   S10
jper hundred  weight.     Thc  plan pio-
i ved    -cry     remunerative    and      Mr.
JBrll Retires that hc cleared from $80(1
to PI,000 clear 01" all  expenses.
nl
ly
or earthly fame and a c"'-i-
place in the gallery of Ivi-
man events; i-nvious, too, of 'I--C
great names of the p.tst, his ears 5o
tuned for admiration and. applause
that t!-'\v' f.til to k��.ar the irrc.it, long-
drawn wail ot" agony that echoes
around thc world, liis eyes are so
1   blinded  with  tbe   sheen   cf- liis    own
I Finding His Place
! Nf.ijor Frederick Palmer, the r.r.y]
���of the military press bureau in l'.ui"-,
was visited at liis office iu tho Kue
Stc. Anne the other day by an cx-
rcporter of the old school. The cx-
rcportcr said from liis cloud of tobacco smoke: "Palmer, I want to do
njy���hic���bit. I want to bc in at
the finish of the Hun. I've got alcoholic sore throat, a tobacco heart
and a hardened liver. It would be
difficult for me, I'm afraid, to give
up my soft' habits and live in the
cold mud of the trenches. Still, Palmer, I'm determined "to do my bit.
There's surely some billet I coiild
fill with honor. . Well, what���hie���is
it?" "George," said Major Palmer,
"the only suggestion I can make is
that you go' to the front as.a tank,"
���Hit Argonaut.
glory that tbey do not sec the mutilated corpses, the crime, lhc pestilence, thc. hunger, the incalcul.ibli'
sorrow that sweeps the ear.h from
llie jungles of Africa to the frozen
plains of the north, frvSm���Siberia ro
Saskatchewan, from Texas lo Trieste,  from   Alaska   lo  Afghanistan���cv- j
ciywhi-re lie bas brought the
angel of Humming to millions
millions  ot desolate homes.
dark
upon
For Farmers Only
A handbook for farmers is a very
useful booklet that has just been issued by the commission of conservation. It treats of tillage, use of manures, seed selection, clover growing,
thc farm garden, weeds and insect
pests, and other farm topics, in an
informative as well as popular manner. The quantity is limited and the
booklet will be supplied .on request
only to bona fide farmers.
Thc Pritish government has recently -announced that " it requires
only five women to do the work of
four men. in munitions factories, despite tbe fact that most of the women pitcbedin without training.    "--
HOW TO AVOID
BACKACHE AND
NERVOUSNESS
Told by Mrs. Lynch From
Own Experience.
Providence, R. I.���"I was all run
down in hcoltb, was nervous, had head-
aches, my back
ached all the time.
I v.as tired and had
no ambition for anything. 1 had taken
a number of medicines which did me
no good. One day
I read about Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and
what it had done for
women, so I tried
it. My nervousness
and backache and
headaches disappeared. I gained in
weight and feel fine, so I can honestly,
recommend Lydia _S. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound to any woman who is
su ffering as I was."��� Mrs. Adeline B.
Lynch, 100 Plain St,Providence, R.I.
Backache and nervousness are symptoms or nature's warnings, which indicate a functional disturbance or an
unhealthy condition which often develops into a more serious ailment.     *
Women in this condition should not
continue to drag along without help, but
profit by Mrs. Lynches experience, and
try this famous root and herb remedy,
Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegetable Compound���and for special advice write to
Lydia E. Pinkham Me&Co., Lynn, Mass.
make you want to do things.    They 1
j renew, and    purify    thc    blood���then!
;comc  strong,   nerves,     rosy    checks,!
;; laughing,  eyes, ..robust   good   . health,
j You'll  be  helped in a hundred  ways
i by .Dr.' Hamilton's  Tills,  which    arc
I an  old   family   remedy  of great    re-
! nown.   'i'housandsuse no other medicine and never bave a day's sickness
'of any   kind.    Get a  25c  hox  today.
Sold by JI dealers.
Meeting the Great Test
Nothing Finer in a War That    Has
Tested  the Fibre of all
Nations
Thc steadiness confidence and unbroken spirit with which thc French
and- British people are meeting tbe
battle crisis in which so much is involved for them cannot fail to inspire
Americans with the highest admiration. There has been nothing finer
in a war that bas tested the fibre of
all nations.
It is difficult for Americans to understand the terrible strain undei
which these peoples have endured
nearly four years of war and the recurring crises which for weeks? and
months at a time have threatened to
break the resistance of their armies
and admit the pent flood of barbarism. The roar of tjie guns has been
heard in London. Paris bas been
under fire. A break in tbe lines and
all Northern France might be inundated, tbe British armies swept back
to the sea and England be open to
invasion. The lines havc held, and
the French and British peoples at
home have held. There has been
sober realization of thc imminence
of the danger, but nothing of panic,
nothing ol" fear, nothing of that giving way of the buttresses of national
character and stamina on which the
Germans bad counted for u "moral
decision."
Americans cannot know what their
allies have endured because they cannot sense war ut their- firesides. They
cannot follow the battle in the rolling of its thunders or by thc nerve
depressing spectacle of thc trainloads
of wounded corning back from the
front. Tbey have been spared _ this
imminence of the deadly business.
But they can see and admire and
take as an inspiring- lesson to then
own hearts and minds, thc splendid
exhibition of firmness, calmness and
unflinching resolution which tlie
French and British nations arc putting back of tlicir gallant armies in
these terrible hours.
All honor to our allies! Armies
that can fight like this and nations
that can support them as. their peoples arc doing have something tc
fight for worth the 'fighting and
worth the dying.���From the Kansas
City Star.
I    A "Republic of Soviets"
1 	
No Basis  for an  Equitable Govern-
!        ment in Such a Human Drift
Russia     i.s     now     a   "republic     of
isoviels,"  not  like   tin:   United   Stat .'s,
ja     republic     ot    people.       "Soviets"
(means  councils,   .md   ihe   councils   in
this   rase  are   miscellaneous     groups
J of  soldiers   and   -workmen.     It   is   :n
the supposed interest and at  thc be-
fecst  of these  councils  that thc  constitutional  assembly,  elected by  uui-
jvcrsal suffrage, has been turned    out
1 of  doors.   .Hereafter,    thc     govcrn-
[ incut  will, nominally  devolve  on. thc
[ representatives   of   these   Soviets,   t-it-
! lint;   in   ;i   eonc.rc^s   of   their   own.
i     Accoriliiig to  reliable reports  irom
j the. foreign, correspondents    now    in
Russia, the ^o\ie'.s    are composed of
I about   nine  former   soldiers���that   is,
I deserters    from     llic     army���in   one
[civilian workman.      They    represent
merely    tlie- drift.of army runaways
who  have  gol   us  far   as   Petrograd,
Nfoscow or  oilier centres.    There   i=
certainly   no    basis   ior  an  equitable
govern 111 cm   in   such  a   human   drift.
Messrs.  Leninc  and    Trotsky -would
appear mdcly to- havc  taken  advantage of it lo establish  their-personal
power for a time.
There is no groundwork for national construction in such an assembly as this congress of soviels,
which deliberately turns aside from
the only "means of organizing the
force of the whole - nation.���Boston
Transcript.
Grow poUoes and vegetables sn
every vacant city lot and feed piisS
on kitchen refuse���these are two
ways of doing something to help the
present food crisis.   .
the Factories
Where Postum
is Made
great numbers of the
high-waged, skilled employes buy  and   drink
POSTUM
A tribute, if you please,
to honesit materials and
sanitary surroundings
iri manufacture; but best
of all a preference based
on true knowledge of
its healthfulneas and
attractive flavor.
"There's a Reason"
���at Grocers.
;>���*'���
\ fl
W.     N.     U,     WT THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
��� THE LEDGE
}? a year in Canada,   and   $2.50   in   tlie
United States.
R. T. LOYVERY.
Editor and Financier
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent  Co-Owner Notices #25.00
Coal and Oil  Notices     fi 00
Est ray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks     r.oo
Certificate of Improvement.  ro.oo
(Where more than one claim appears ir notice, ��2.50 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and S cents a line for
each subsequent! insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
The bine cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor-would be pleased
to have more money.
TFTE GAKFIELDS
On the fii-Rfc of July, 1880, while
acting a.s ambassador for tho Penny
Press of Cleveland, we visited
General Garfield at -his home near
Mrator, Ohio. After interviewing
Gar/Wd for some time, and foiling
to obtain any political information
Ave. in company with Editor
OowKs of tho Cleveland Leader,
rambled over the farm to have a
look ;tfc the fat cattle. Upon our
return to the house, Garfield was
sawing a limb off a tree that stood
m front of the verandah. One of
"bis boyp, whom we thought was
Marry, w:ip standing nearby, pat-
vug his big dog Veto on the head.
Just as he had finished telling us
lhat tliey called the dog Veto, because f-.hey had received the canine
upon the game day that President
Hayes vetoed a bill, the General
came up with tho saw in his hand
and told his eon to disappear behind the house.
While in San Diego lasfe winter,
we noticed that Dr. Harry Garfield
was Fuel Administrator for the
United States so we wrote to him,
asking if he remembered anything
about his dog Veto. In return he
sent us the following letter:
Washington, D. 0.,
May, 20, 1918
My Dear Colonel R. T. Lowery:���
Your letter  has just eome
to light at the bottom of a pile of
correspondence.
lam interested in what you say
concerning your visit to our home
in Mentor in 1SS0. I think ib
Hiwst have been one of my brothers;
fco whom you talked concerning
our dog Veto, as I do not remenr
ber the incident.
Will    you    please   accept   my
apology for  the long delay in replying to your note, and believe me
Very Sincerely Yours
H. A. GARFIELD.
How time dispels our illusions!
For 38 years.. we believed thafe
Harry was the boy who told us all
aboufe Veto,, only to: learn afe this
late dafee that it was one of his
brothers. We well remember fehat
hot July clay in 1.880 when we
trudged down the. dusty- road, from
Mentor, to see the man whose
name, j list a year later, was writ;
ten in blood upon the pages of
American history.
Mexico Will Benefit
Mexico and other countries in a
position to operate their silver
mines are not "in the least affected
by the TJ. S. Government price on
the metal, and there is absolutely
110 limit to what they can obtain
for their silver.
In view of the shortage of the
metal, temporarily relieved by the
action of the United States Congress, Mexican silver mines are
certain to be greatly benefited,
since fehey can be alone looked to
to supply the deficiency, which is
certain to continue for many years,
irrespective of the continuance or
sudden termination of the world-
war.
In normal times Mexico has a
greater silver output than fehe
United States, although production
last year in that country was less
than the usual yield.
Until the effect of the late revolution in that country began to
manifest itself and hampered oper
ations, Mexico led the world in the
production of silver. In 1911 it
established a record production of
80,106,994 ounces of silver. In
the same year the limited States
production was 60,399,400 ounces
and the Canadian output 31,507,-
791 ounces. With mining operations steadily increasing, there is
no doubt that Mexico will soon reestablish itself as the leader of the
world in the production of silver.
This Will Tell You
i    The   U.   S.   government is now
j planning to have a minimum army
of 3,000,000  men in the field by
next summer, according to  Washington dispatches.
1. Standing shoulder to shoulder they would stretch from San
Diego to Seattle.
2. Afe the rate of a quart of
coffee a day each fehey would drink
12,190 barrels a day.
3. Shoe strings they'd   use   if
; stretched   out   would  cover   2840
miles, almost long enough to reach
across fehe ocean.
4. Attacking iu waves of 100
men, 25 yards apart, such an army
would reach from  Paris to Berlin.
If an American army of 3,000,-
000 were to take the places of their
allies on the western front of 300
miles, there would he 6 soldiers to
every yard of that front. If fehey
they were to concentrate their
forces on a front of only 50 miles
they would have 36 men every
yard.
Appropriations for such an army
calls for an estimate of 815,000,-
000,000 annually, each soldier
costing the army $5,000 a year, including munitions, food, clothing,
etc.
If the blankets used by these
soldiers were tied end to end they
would stretch from New York City
to Salt Lake City, Utah, and then
come all the way back again.
To equip such an army alone for
service in Franee would cost 8468,-
900,000. This only including the
soldier's original clothing, fighting
equipment, eating utensils, etc.
The pay of such an army would
amount to more than a billion
dollars a year.
CANADA
$g ���$�� 4�� ���& 4> ���& 4*��& fy & & ^r 4*  <$*'&'4��'i"i*4"&"i"$"&��'&">&'K
I Cbe fiume fiotel f
4>
Ble!$ont B.C.
CENTRALLY LOCATED
The only up^tevdate Hotel in the interior. First-class ����>
in every respect, 4s
  *
Hot and Cold Water; Steam Heat and Telephone in
each room.
ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATHS.
CUISINE AND SERVICE THE BEST
First Class Cafe and Barber Shop
15   SAMPLE ROOMS
Steam Heated;  Electric Lig-hted.
RATES 31.00 per day and up; European Plan.
Bus Meets all Trains and Boats.
# "S1, *$�����$*��$�����$���*$���*?���*$-*$* "J* *f**f"$* *$"'?���  ��|* ��fr "J* ��f,��f�� ��!���*?��� *$���*$�� 38
Take a trip through the United
States, and you will be proud that
you are a Canadian.- Canada's
action ih' the war hae ..- won the
admiration of oar neighbors, and
everywhere the real American expresses the wish that his country
may dp as 'well'as Canada,
-TiiK'KE.are four people  who do
not  advertise.      The    dead,    the
ruiser, the ignoramus, and the gay
���vho is too bashful feo see his name
���i'i print. .
IijEi.ANi) is full of Hiin shakes.
f'om'e. back! St. Pat, and take a
t-'.iot at fehem.
THE  TELEPHONE'S  THE THING  IN
THE  WARM  WEATHER
In the wa'frri days of summer, one does not care a great
deal to move about. Use the telephone! There .is no inconvenience nor discomfort in usitig the telephone. It is right to
hand and you can talk anywhere at any time. .
The telephone is more than ever a utility in the warm
weather.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY,  Ltd
mamaaaMBmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm
ran
Mazda Tungsten Lamps
15 to 40 Watt Lamps���50c each,
60 Watt Lamps���75c each.
100 Watt Lamps���$1,25 each.
NITROGEN
60 Watts
100     "
200 ���-.-���������-
S / :
'<!*        <     ���   **
$1,25 each
2.00 "
3.50 ������
STORAGE BATTERIES
CHARGED and REPAIRED
ELECTRIC
VULCANIZING
Greenw^d City Waterworks Co.
i E^YTHING ELECTRICAL
OAD
VOU  11 St" CHOOS�� ONE
���.XxxA Complete Job
Edith���AYell,;,if   she  accepted
your flower"?,' your:'bon-bons, yonr
���'-aclet.7; your 'caresses',   she ��� must
���nvc accepted about  everything of
yours.   ...
Jack���She did; she eveib accepted niy rival. ' SxXXxXiXXXXxX-x.:'
Johnson, a .bachelor, ���; had been
to call-on his sinter',and -was Bhown
tIie7nesrba.by.::.;-The:nex6da'y78ome;
:-friends a^ked-hira'-to-idescribe the
ntvv arri val;"^: The;:. bachelory. re-,
plied: ';Um-^very small features;
clean shaven, red faced, and a very;
hard drinker.
LEADS 10
LEADS TO
YOUR LCrSSl YOUR GAIN
CHANGE
^IRESIf
SrMILKAMEEN LAND  DISTRICT
TAKE NOTICE that I John R. Jackson, of
Midway,occupation, Rancher, Intends to apply
for permission to Leasftttae following described
Lands: Comnieiicinn- at a post at the N. W. Cor.
Lot 10S(is, thence north 00 chs., thence East 20
chs , thence South 40 chs., thence East 40 chs.,
thence South 20 chs., thence West 60 chs., to
point of commencement, containing- 200 acres
more or less foi Grazing Lands.
Dated this 30th day of March, 191?.
JOHN R. JACKSON,
Applicant.
SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT
TAKE NOTICE that I  John E.Jackson In-
tends lo apply lor permission to Lease tbe following described Laifls:
Lot 108Gs on oflicial Map containing-160 acres.
Dated 30th day of March 1918.
JOHN R. JACKSON,
Applicant.
LAND REGISTRY ACT
(Section 24)
IN THE MATTER of an application for
duplicate certificate of title No. liOl'.a issued to
EmiH- Wood covering Lots 17 and IS, Block 17,
Map 21, City of Greenwood.
NOTICE is liereby given that it is my Intention at the expiration of one1 mouth from
the dale of first publication hereof to issue a
duplicate certificate of title covering- the above
lands in the name of Emily Wood unless iu the
meantime I shall receive valid objection thereto in writing.
Dated at the Land Registry Oflice, Kamloops, 13. C, the 17tli, day of May. A. D., 1918.
C. H. DUNBAR,
District Registrar.
OATS OK RCQ19TRA.TION
1918
CANADA   REGISTRATION   BOARD
SERIKS NUMBER
MONTH DAY YEAR
CARD FOR MALES
-
TO IS FILLED IH ��Y DEPUTY ��COI*T��AH
1. Name in full surname last) ?_
Address (permanent) 7_
STREET AMD MUMCCR
SURAL DELIVERY OR POST QFFICg
Town oh city
' rnovmeg
2. Age?
Data of Birth?
Country cfEirih?
4. British subject?           By birth ?
If naturalized, Which year?	
By Naturalization?
What place?
6, Single (S), Married (M), Widower (W), or divorcad (D)?
B. Physical disab:!":cs, if any?
3. Race?
Speak English (E) or French (F) 1
5. If not a British subject, to what
country do you owe alleqtanca ?
7. How many children under 16 years ?
9. If registered under Military Service
Act, what Is your serial number?
10. (a) Prosentoccupation (if cry)?..
(b) What is your regular ocsupition?	
fc) What otherwork c:n you do well ?.���
Length
experience
f(a)
(��
 (c)
11. If an employoo, state employer's name.
Address	
..Nature of business..
12. Do your circumstances permit you to ssrvo in tha present national crisis, by changing your pmsantoccupation to soma other for which
you are qualified, if the conditions offered bo satisfact:ry ? (a) Where you can return nome daily? (b) Awayfrom hoire ?
13. (a) Were you brought up on a farm? Until what 330? (b) Have you worked on farm? Howlong?
(c) Are you rotired farmer? (d) Can you handle liorscis? Drive tractors? Um farm machinery ?
(��) Are you wiHinp to do f.-.rn v/;r'-? Whsro? During what ponods ?
/ affirm that I have verified the above answers and tlict ilxy ere tnie
Signature of Registrant
Procedure of Registration
OnJune22ndeverypersonresiding in Canada, male or female, British or alien, of sixteen year* or over,muat attend
one oi the registration booths located in his or her district, and there observe the procedure explained below.
Where to Register
Every person required to register has the privilege of
registering at any of the public places provided for that
purpose. The location of all such places will be
specified in proclamations posted conspicuously.
How to Register
The procedure of registration ir simple. The
questions upon the regi*tration card can be answered
very easily, but they mutt be answered truthfully
and fully.
The card shown in the illustration is a facsimile of the registration card for males. An advertisement
showing the card for females appears in another paper.
Study the questions carefully so that you will be able to answer them promptly when registering. If you have
any special qualification, or feel that your services would be more beneficial to the country in some other line
of work, say so.
While all are compelled to register on Registration Day, it is not contemplated by the Government .
to force the sick, feeble and aged to turn out.   If such persons will notify the Registrar prior to June
22nd of their inability to attend at a place of registration, an effort will be made to register them at
home, provided the request is reasonable and justified.
Remember the Day���June22nd- Remember the Hours���7 a.m.to 10 p.m. Register early andfietyourCertifieateforyour own protection.
24M
issued oy authority of   Canada Relation Board
The Knob Hill Hotel
PHOENIX.
One of the largest hotels In
the city.   Beautiful location,
fine rooms and tasty meala.
A. O. JOHNSON
PROP.
ASSAYER
E. W. WIDDOVVSON, Assayer and
Cheinis1, Box BI108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper
$1 each. Gold-Silver, (single assay)
jr.00. Goid-Silver (duplicate assay)
$1.50. Silver-Lead $1.50 Silver-Leacl-
Zinc $3.00. Charges for oth��r metals etc
on application.
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
T.    THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
CANADA
PUBLIC
DOCUMENTS T
fF25
RIED
by every male person who is not on active service in any of His Majesty's Naval or Military
Forces, or in the Naval or Military Forces of any of His Majesty's Allies, and who apparently
may be, or is reasonably suspected to be, within the description of Class One under the
Military Service Act, 1917, who for any reason may have claimed that he is not within Class
One under the Act. *
��.-.;���
J^OTICE is hereby given that, under the provisions of an Order in' Council
(P.C. 1013), of the 20th April, 1918, upon and after the 1st day of June,
1918, every male person, who-is not on active service in any of His. Majesty's
Naval or Military.Forces, or in the Naval or Military Forces of His Majesty's
Allies, and who apparently, may be, or is reasonably suspected to bo, withiii
the description of Class One under the Military Service Act, 1017, by whom
or on whose behalf, it is at any time affirmed, claimed or alleged that hc is not,
whether by reason of age, status, nationality, exception, or otherwise, within
Class One under the Military Service Act, 1917, as defined for the time .being
or that, although within the said Class, he is exempted from or not liuble to
military service; shall have with hira upon his person at all times or in or
upon any building or.premises where he at any time is,
���age- ���������;���;���;:
It it be claimed that he is not within the class by reason of age, an official
certificate of the date of his birth, or a cartificats of his age signed by two
reputable citizens residing in the oommunity in which he lives aad having
knowledge of the fact; or
��� ������;.   MARRIAGE
If it be claimed that he is not within the Class by reason of marriage, a
certificate, either official or signed by two reputable oitisens residing ih the
community in which he lives and having knowledge of the facts, certifying to
his marriage and that his wife is living; or
NATIONALITY
if it be claimed that he is not within the Class by reMpn of his nationality,
a certificate! of his nationality, signed by a Consul or Vice-Consul of the foreign
State or Country to which he claims his allegiance is due; or a. passport issued
by the Government of that Country establishing his nationality; or
ACTIVE SERVICE
If it be claimed that he is excepted as a member of any of His Majesty's
Forces or as having since the 4th August, 1914, served in the Military or
Naval Forcej of Grrat Britain or her Allies in any theatre of actual rar and has
been honourablj^discharged therefrom, official documents or an oflveial certificate evidencing the fact; or. :: Xxi'xxx.x xixxy.
Xxi. ������ If it be claimed that he is excepted aa a member of tte clergy, or of any
.,. recognized order of: an exclusively religious character, or is a minister of a
religious denomination existing in/Canada on 29ih August, 1917, or M being a
member of any other society or body, a certificate of the fact signed by an
office-holder competent bo to certify under the regulations of the church, order
or denomination, society or body, to which he belongs; or
EXEMPTION
If it be claimed that he ia exempted from or not liable to military service
by rciisiiii of any exemption granted or claimed or application pending under t ho
���Military Service Act, 1917, or. the regulations thereunder, his exemption
papers, era certificate of the Registrar or Deputy Registrar of the district
to which he belongs evidencing' the fact; or      .
!
OTHER CLASS
If it be claimed that he is not. within the Glass, or that he is exempted, not
liuble or excepted upon uny other ground, a certificate of two reputable citizens
raiding in-the community where he lives having knowledge of the.fact upon
whi h the clJm is founded arid certifying thereto;
fas;
TO CARRY REQUISITE EVIDENCE��
lf upon or jii'ur lhe lot day of June, 1918, any such male person ba found
without the requisite evidence or certificate upon his person or in or upon the
building or premises in. which he is, he shall thereupon be presumed to be a
person at thc time liable for military service and to be a deserter or defaulter
without leave;       .
���^PENALTY-   : :
And he shall also be liable upon eummaxy conviction to a fine not exceeding
$S0 cr to imprisonment for a period not exceeding one month, or to both such
fine and imprisonment; and moreover, any such.persoa may forthwith be
taken into.-military custody.-and may be there detained and required to perform military duty in tho Canadian Expeditionary Force so long as his services
shall be required, ii::k.��a cr ur.til the fact be established to the satisfaction of.
competent authority that he is not liable for military duty.
FALSE CERTIFICATE    Xxy.X::xXX
The use; pigning or giving of any such certificate as hereinbefore mentioned f h-II, if t he certificate be in any material respect fialse or misleading to the
kr.owlcdgo cf the person using, signing, or giving the same/be an offence/
punishable, upon summary conviction, by & penalty not exceeding five hundred
dollars, and by imprisonment for any t��rxa Dot exceeding dx months and not
less than one month.'.-.,..       '-.���*���,��������� -.
ISSUED :BY THE MILITARY SERVICE BRANCH
%;|;;^;OrTHEcDE^TMENl- OF JUSTICE.
���Ottawa'; May -22, 1918;;
ill
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