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The Ledge Dec 20, 1917

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Array F*ovi
ocial
iifi.
*ary
THE
LEDGE
...."&&
^*X%
T/HE  OLDEST   MINING   CAMP   NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Vol,.   XXIV.
GREENWOOD, B. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1917.
Make Home Attractive
BY FILLING IT WITH OUR
Substantial Furniture, Artistic
Pictures, Soft. Carpets,
and Elegant Crockery
Plenty of Oils, Hamate and Tinware In stock
MAIL ORDERS solicited from all points
of the Compass
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
New location���Russell-Law Caulfield Building
PHONE 28        X        GREENWOOD, B. C.
I WISH TO THANK MY NUMEROUS
CUSTOMERS FOR THEIR PATRONAGE,
AND TO WISH THEM EVERY THING
OF THE BEST FOR CHRISTMAS AND
THE NEW YEAR.
Wm. C. ARTHURS,
GREENWOOD CITY BAKERY
FLOUR AND FEED STORE
J
vwemmmmmmzmmwiimiM
X
X
JOHN CROPLEY
GREENWOOD
Blacksmith, Carpenter and
Wagon Maker
HORSES   SHOD
On the most modern and scientific
principles
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
T.    THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
Christian Science service will be held
in theTMEI/LOR BLOCK on Sunday at ii
a. in. All welcome. Every Wednesday
at 8 p. tn., testimonial meetings will be
held in the same block. Sunday School
every Sunday morning.
MATTHEWS  BROS.
GRAND   FORKS
Agents for Chevrolet, Dodge, Hudson,
Chalmers, Cadillac cars, and Republic
truck motors Garage in connection.
'STORE OF QUALITY"
ORDER  YOUR
Christmas
1
Groceries
! EARLY
CHOICE GOODS IN ALL LINES
J. G. McMYNN
MIDWAY      -      -     B. C.
H. McKEE
GREENWOOD
COAL AND WOOD
AGENT FOR
LETHBRIDGE GOAL
D. R, WlcELMON
WATCHMAKER and JEWELER
PIPES   REPAIRED    l-
Spectacles For Sale and Repaired.
Windsor Hotel
Greenwood, B.C.
The Windsor Hotel is one of the
oldest and most comfortable hotels in the
red metal metropolis. It is located in the
heart of the city, and convenient to all
business houses. Heated with steam and
electricity* Fine sample rooms, Many
of the bedrooms contain electric heaters.
The bar is replete with, modern beverages. Hot coffee, sandwiches, and light ~
lunches always ready. Touch the wire
if you want rooms reserved.
x
w
<<K&G��&&3&&&G��G&4&GHS��G&4&i
P. BtfRNS & CO.
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Pish
and Poultry. Shops in nearly all the
towns of the Boundary and Kootenay.
COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B.C.
I The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
TRAII., BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchaser* of Gold,. Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
TADANAC BRAND PIG LEAD, BLUESTONE, COPPER AND SPELTER
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMER���E
JOHN.
. G.V.O-. IX-D. D.G__U Plod-teat
BL V. V. JONES, A__rt
Mmnasrer
CAPITA!., %\%mm    RESERVE FUND, $13,500,000
BANKING BY MAIL
Accounts may be opened ait every branch of The Canadian Bank
oi Commerce to be opezated by mail, and will receive the same
careful attention as Is given to all other departments of the Back's
business. Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as
satisfactorily as hy a paatonai visit to fee Bank. S53
SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
H. C. LUCAS, Manager
Final Appeal Judge
Gives Ruling on
v . ���- ________
Exemption of Farmers
Mr. Justice Duff (the Final Court of Appetf) Declares it is Essential that there shall be No
Diminution in Agricultural Production.
(Published by authority of Director of Public information,
Ottawa.)
Hon. Mr. Justice Duff gave judgment on December
6th, in the first test case brought before him, as Central
Appeal Judge (the final court of appeal), for the exemption of a farmer. The appeal was made by W. H. Rown-
tree in respect of his son, W. J. Rowntree, from the
decision of Local Tribunal, Ontario, No. 421, which
refused a claim for exemption. The son was stated to
be an experienced farm hand, who had been working
on the farm continuously for the past seven years, and
ever since leaving school. He lives and works with his
father, who owns a farm of 150 acres near Weston,
Ontario. With the exception of a younger brother, he
is the only male help of the father on the farm. .The
father is a man of advanced years.
In granting the man exemption "until he ceases to
be employed in agricultural labor," Mr. Justice Duff
said: *
"The Military Service Act does not deal with the
subject of the exemption of persons engaged in the agricultural industry; and the question which it is my duty
to decide is whether the applicant being and having
been, as above mentioned, habitually and effectively engaged in agriculture and in labor essentia! to the carrying on of agricultural production, ought to be exempted
under the provisions of the Military Service Act.
"These two propositions are indisputable :
"(1) In order that the military power of the allies
may be adequately, sustained, it is essential that in this
country and under the present conditions, there
should be no diminution in agricultural production.
" (2). The supply of competent labor available for
the purpose of agricultural production is not abundant,
but actually is deficient
"The proper conclusion appears to be that the applicant, a competent person, who had been habitually
and effectively engaged in labor essential to such production, ought not to be withdrawn from it
^Ht is peYhapj, u_=9c��5t.ary to say that such exemptions are not granted as concessions on account of personal hardship, still less as a favor to a class. The sole,
ground of them is that the national interest is the better
served by keeping these men at home. The supreme
necessity (upon the existence of which, as its preamble
shows, this policy of the Military Service Act is founded) &at leads the State to take men by compulsion and
put them in the fighting line requires that men shall be
kept at home who are engaged in work essential to enable the State to maintain the full efficiency of the combatant forces, and whose places cannot be taken by
others not within the class called out?
Around Home
Ottawa, Dec. 8,1917.
* f
A Merry Christmas to All.
J. H. East is working for a
Ferry company at Oakland.
The Firemen held their annual
banquet on Monday evening.
Miss Florence Bryan has been
in the hospital for a few days.
Toys and Dolls of all descriptions,   Coles Book Store,
Buy a box ot cigars for Christmas at the O. K. Cigar Store.
Mrs. Athol Stewart has practically recovered from her recent
illness.
Waterman's Fountain Pens
make an ideal Xmas Gift. Coles
Book Store.
Victor Anderson was fined $10
tor fishing during. the close
season.
Pte. Beachaump Cawston, of
Keremeos, was recently killed in
action.
Little boys three piece all wool
suits in tan, khaki and navy at
Rendell's.
Mrs. E. E. L. Dewdney, of
New Denver, will spend the winter in Los Angeles. _
Parisian Ivory Toilet and Manicure sets from $5.00 to $30.00.
Coles Book Store.
The K. of P. Lodge will hereafter use the Masonic Hall as
their meeting place.
Mrs. A. Flindall, of Trenton,
Ont., will spend the winter with
her sister, Mrs. Harris.
Don't forget to get your dresses
ready for the Grand Masquerade
Ball, January 1st, 1918.
The I. O. O. F. Lodge are now
located in the building formerly
occupied by T. M. Gulley.
We are showing a splendid
selection of Ladies Handkerchiefs
both in plain and white lace.
Fancy Bags in Soman stripe
effects and solid colors. Ladies
ties in all colors. Rendell's store.
Billy Harrington, formerly of
Sandon, is surveying in Siberia,
He made some money in Alaska.
Some choice books for sale at
The Ledge office, at ante-bellum
prices.
Wm. C, Arthurs is handling
Fleischmann's Yeast, on sale at
the Greenwood City Bakery or
Feed Store.
Cased Pipes, Pouches, Cigars
the Best Brands in ten and
twenty-five cigars to the box.
Coles Book Store,
In sending parcels overseas,
the sender should note the fact
that sugar is debarred from the
mails to England.
Cut Glass, Community Silverware, Fancy China; also complete Dinner sets. Coles Book
Store.
Miss Hyndmoor, of Mother
Lode, while cutting kindling
wood, had the misfortune to cut
the end of a finger.
A. G. Wilson of Nelson, representing the Canadian Explosives Limited, Vancouver, was in
town on Saturday.
Cleveland Toney and family
of Salt Lake City, arrived last
week on a visit to Mr. Toney's
mother, Mrs. J. H. Goodeve.
A copy of Float makes a desirable present to send a friend for
Christmas. They are obtainable
at The Ledge for 25 cents a copy.
George Hallett and Gordon
McLaren have left the hospital
for their respective homes, having recovered from their recent
operations.
George Hubert Rempel, of
Ranata and Miss Mary Radau,
of the same place, were married
in Grand Forks oa Dec, 12, by
Rev. M. D. McKee.
Christmas Candy will be sold,
on Friday afternoon, Dec 21, by
the Canadian Girls In Training,
at the C. G. T. Hall, (The Arlington.) Tea will also be served.
Miss M. F. Robbins, principal
of the Midway school, will leave
about Jan. 1st for her home in
Birmingham, England, where
she will be married to Lieut.
Addison Floyd.
In Ladysmith
In Ladysmith on the morning
of December 8th, there was born
to the wife of Mr. H. Martin,
principal of the public school, a
daughter.
An exchange tells of an epileptic
who dropped in a fit and was
quickly rushed to a hospital. On
removing his]_coat one of the nurses found pinned to the lining a
piece of paper on which was written: "This is to inform the house
surgeon that this is just a plain fit
not appendicitis. My appendix
hae already been removed twice."
The annual meeting of the
Greenwood Farmers' Institute
will be held at The Rink on Saturday the 29 day of Dec, 1917, at
2 p. m Business: Election of
officers, etc.
The Ladies of the Red Cross
will give a Grand Masquerade
Ball on New . Year's night.
Every one keep the date in mind,
January 1st, 1918, and get vour
Masquerade Dreses and Suits
ready.
Buy a home for Christmas.
$1800 buys the best home in the
town formerly known as the McMynn place. For particulars apply to the owner Mrs. M. E.
White, 1003 O.N.B.B., Spokane,
Wash.
In the United States, there is
an eight per cent, war tax upon
railway tickets, and ten per cent,
upon sleeping car tickets. In
spite of this fact all the trains
going south are loaded to the
limit.
Lowneys and Ganongs chocolates, 50c to $4.75 a box. Coles
Book Store.
A marriage license was issued
to Talmage Weston McLean, of
Okaqagan, Wash., and Mrs.
Ethel Barnett, of the same place.
They were married in Grand
Forks last week by Rev. J. D.
Hobden.
Mrs. McMann, wife" of Capt.
W. R. McMann, of Princeton,
died in the latter place, on Monday of last week, after an illness
of several weeks. Deceased at
one time lived in Greenwood.
Mrs. Robert Wood is a sister.
Everything for the Christmas
cake and pudding, including pure
apple cider at Rendell's.
The following are the donations received for Red Cross during the months of November and
December: Rebekah Sewing
Circle, $56; Mrs. G. White, $3;
Mrs, Jenks, $2; Mother Lode Red
Cross Dance $40.40; Mr. Rendell,
$23; Mrs. J. D. MacLean, $5;
Mrs. Lachmund, $15; Mr. Fleming, $9.
Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Lucas were
suprised to find sixteen people on
their 'doorstep Friday evening
about 8.3P, who had come to
spend the evening. They had a
very jolly time, dancing until
twelve when dainty refreshments
were served, and after singing
"Auld Lang Syne" the merry
party dispersed.
The Ladies of the Red Cross
are very busy completing arrangements for the Masquerade
Ball which is to be held on New
Years Night. There will be excellent music, and eight prizes to
be competed for. Watch for posters for full particulars. At this
dance the beautiful table cloth
crocheted by Mrs. Holmes and
made up by Mrs. McArthur will
be drawn for.
Preparations were made last
month to have 1000 horses run
races at Tia Juana, (Aunt Jane)
Mexico, all winter, but the races
bad to be discontinued, owing to
the regulations issued by the
United States government. Visitors are no longer given passports to Mexice, unless they can
show that tbeo have important
business in that country. Tbe
material welfare of San Diego
has been damaged >y*he new
regulations.
Useful Presents. Beautiful
Presents," Appropriate Presents.
Coles Book Store.
No. 23
St. Jude's Bazaar
The St. Jude's Bazaar and Entertainment on the 12th proved an
immense success. The Work Stall,
'Candy Stall, and Ice-cream Stall
were well patronized,, also fehe
Afternoon Tea Tables. The Houp-
la and the shooting gallery were
kept busy, the winners at the latter
proving to be P. H. McCurrach
and W. Spooner, each with one
point short of a perfect score.
While the children enjoyed themselves with the lucky bags. In
the raffles, the oil-painting was
won by Mrs. Lucas, the two sacks
of potatoes by Mrs. Wescott and
Mrs. Walters, the pillow slips by '
Mrs. Ryan. The Entertainment
in the evening was generally pronounced to be one of the best ever
held in Greenwood. The Sketch
"Collaborators",, by Mrs. Ashby
and W. 0. Arthurs quite brought
down the house. And as for Mrs.
Jarley's Waxworks, it was one
whirl of laughter and enjoyment
from beginning to end. . Mrs.
Ashby as Mrs. Jarley, and W. C.
Arthurs and C. Henderson as Peter
and John were all inimitable. The
following is a complete list of the
characters, all except the deceased
Mr. Jarley, taken by the young
people-
Babes in the^Wood, F. Harris,
and \j. McCutcheon. Cannibal, G.
Sleftth. Boy on the Burning Deck,
G. Eales. Little Red Ridding
Hood, W. Hardy. Fair One with
the Golden Locks, Laura Bellis.
Sleeping Beauty, Rath Swanson.
Spoilt Child, Annie Eustis. Christopher Columbus, R. Pond. Robinson Crusoe, W. Spooner, Lady
MacBeth, Nellie Hammerstadt.
Grace Darling, May Gibson.
Queen Elizabeth, Beatrice Nelson.
Flora, Vera Parker. Dr. Watts,
D. Smith.""."Britannia, Miss ..Ferguson. Cinderella, Ethel Pond.
May Queen, Helen McKay. Justice, Josephine McKee. Miss
Moffett, Phyllis Spooner. Jiggs
and Maggie, A. Eustis and J. McArthur. Deceased^ Mr. Jarley, J.
Price.
A dance followed, and was kept
np till 1.30. The music being furnished by Mre. Ashby and Messrs.
Clerf and Simpson.
Were Found Guilty
At the Conrt House on Saturday last, J. A. Miller and John
Papay appeared before'j [Judge
Brown, charged with stealing a
cable from tbe E. P. TJ. mine, near
Greenwood. The cable was used
years ago on a gravity tram at the
above mine and was laying between the mine and the ore bin at
the foot of the hill.
In the- evidence that was given
it was learned that some time in
the latter part of August or the
first of September, the accused had
taken the cable and shipped it to
Vancouver where it was Bold to
the Canadian Junk Co., who after
having it for a time disposed of it
to a Paper company up the coast.
Miller was paid for the cable, and
received 20 cents a foot for it in
Vancouver.
They were found guilty on this
charge, Papay received 3 months
at hard labor, with a $200 fine,
failing to pay the fine he wonld receive 3 months more. Miller got
6 months at hard labor and a $250
fine, also if the fine is not paid 3
months will be added.
J. H. Ryley defended Miller,
and H. L. McKenzie for Papay.
I. H. Hallett was for the prosecution.
���A
I
I THE    .LEDGE,    .GREENWOOD,    B<   Ct
Germany Answered
REAJD HER LETTER
Halifax. N.S.
"About eight won tho ago, I rend your
advertisement ia one of the Halifax papers
offering a free snmple of Gin Pills for the
Kidney3. I hnd been a martyr for yenrs to intense pains across the back. Before I had
finished the third box I found myself perfectly
free from pain."        Yours sincerely,
(Mrs.) Janb Percy,  .
SAVE~THE CALVES'
Mightiest     swing'
ever       aimed     at
Abortion,     Stcril- j
ity,    ami     Prema- !
tine  Calving, one ,
or    one     hundred j
cattle   treated    in J
5    minutes.      Use
one   half    oi    our
product,     ii     not
satisfied        return
the    balance    and
Ket   vour    money.
"K'alf   Savir"
sell.     _!5     pounds
$4.00'.      Scud    for
printed   matter.
MCQUEEN'S   PRODUCTS
Plant   and   Head   Office,   Edmonton,   A'.bcrta.
P.   O.   Box,   321
German War of Aggreision
Bloodshed as a Means of Acquiring
Markets
Medill McCormack, member of
congress from Illinois, who is now
in England, speaking before the empire parliamentary association, said
that the travellers who came to England or to France for the first time,
since the outbreak of the war could
Jiot refrain from speaking of the profound impression which the resolution and steady courage of the
people made on him.
"I have been struck," hc added, "by
the fusion of hard intelligence and
idealism with which Briiish men and
women face the problems of the war
and its prolongation, no less than
those of peace which must follow.
No one who has not seen it can picture the tremendous national labor
in which you arc engaged, and, as I
see Britons going about their work���
the grim business of war itself or the
many other businesses collateral to
it���I wonder if you yourselves can
see the splendor of your sacrifice iu
ils true perspective. I have seen everywhere displayed the practical
qualities and the idealism which we
Americans like to count among our
homely attributes. Without both we
shall not mould the democratic and
peaceful society which wc believe
necessary to the survival of our
Christian civilization. Ideals���national and international, must not
be repugnant to realism���a human
and humane conception of human
wants and purposes���if we arc to
live in a peaceful world after the war.
But that is very different from the
pagan nnd cynical' materialism which
moved the imperial German oligarchy to launch the German armies
and the German people in a war of
aggression against the world and to
drive the great democracies, one after another, to war in defence of their
honor and of the security of still unborn generations.
"Let us accept, if they please, the
German philosophy that war is the
logical accentuation of economic.
competition. So, in another age, was
the romantic vocation of the robber
baron who took toll off travelling
merchants or murdered them without'imperial warrant. That was the
logical accentuation of the political
and economic forces of feudalism.
Wc.purpose to abandon and to make
Germanv abandon bloodshed as a
means of acquiring markets���the kaiser's 'place in the sun'���which any
people may win bv industry and
skill."
Comment on Figures Showing Composition of Fighting Forces
Much attention is being bestowed
by the press on the figures published
by Renter's showing the proportion
of the British troops engaged in the
lighting since July 31, namely, English, 70 per cent.; overseas troops, 10
per cent.; Scottish, 8 per cent., Ii ish,
0 per cent. The proportion of casualties being: English, 76 per cent.;
overseas troops, 8 per cent.; Scottish
10 per cent.; Irish, 6 per cent.
The Sunday Observer, commenting
on these figures, says:
"The    generous    prominence g'.eu
in  the  communiques  to   the   exploits i tne
of  the soldiers  of the  dominions,  as ' _|_
WIRE ;GXJfS
on  Horse*.  Cattle.  &c,  quickly  cured  by
EGYPTIAN   LINIMENT
For Sale by AU JJealen
Douglas   &   Co.,   Proplrs,   Napanee,   On-.
'Free   Sample   on   Request)
Sale of Diseased Potatoes
A Different Type
Folitics Must Be Less of an Exclusive Profession
The truth is  that  there never was
a   time   when   sane,   serious     counsel
was more needed than in the present
hour,  when  the anxious  suspense  of
war and  the  grinding  misery of
e sorrow which follows in its train,
the  vast    number    of
are  in   the    melting
an ac-
well as the Scottish, Welsh and Irish ! together  with   t
is  England's, response  to     the    keen | problems  which _.
pride of nationally which  is  part of' pot   require the formation  of
the   historic  birthright  or her  neigh- ....
bors in the United Kingdom, aud to
the zest of youth in the dominions.
Englishmen do not grujge or misunderstand the frequency with which
these troops are mentioned but when
this mention is  made the  foundation
r
tive and  enlightened   public    opinion
to help, in due course, towards their
solution.    "Notwithstanding tiie need
for  concentrating  on  the  war,"  says
the   Times,  "it   is   not   too     soon   to
make  up   our   minds   that   the    men
.    .     .    , , | who speak for us iu parliament shall
oi  a particularly foul  enemy  slander i consist  in  the  main   of    a    different
it is  necessary  to state  the  facts.       Itypc from those who predominate to-
,t!av,  that, polities shall bc less of an i
l"c   exclusive  profession, and that    there! bcinK  interna
'German    propagandists  iu    Russia
arid  in  America having    spread
assertion   that
main burden of the war on other
parts of the empire, it was full time
that the official agencies grappled
firmly with a falsehood so poisonous. Nothing is more vital to the
enemy's purposes than to disparage
the credit and weaken the authority
of England iu tlie ranks of the grand
alliance.''
England thrusts the j _._,_.__ '.���, I10 rooln for _llie candidate
vho thinks more of his own carce;
iu London than of the interests of
his constituents.' This is just what
we have beeu saying for a long time.
���Dundee  People's Journal.
By Prof. V. W. Jackson,  Manitoba
Agricultural College
__ In judging at the Boys' and Girls'
Gab Fairs this fall I have found that
75 per cent, of the potatoes showed
scab, some very badly, and that one
out of every three potatoes showed
a brown ring when the stem end was
cut off, which is the start of dry rot,
and, although it may not seriously
spoil Che potatoes for cooking at this
lime of the year, it spoils them for
sale because the merchants will take
advantage of this disease to reduce
the price. The first three car loads
of potatoes sent from Manitoba lo
Minneapolis iast year were sent back
on account of dry rot, but not, of
course, until they had made au offer
of half-price for them. All who have
potatoes /ov sale, should cut a thin
slice off the stem end to see ii there
is auy brown ring indicative of dry
rot, and, if so, these should not be
offered for sale as they will almost
surely be turned back as unfit. Such
potatoes may be used for immediate
consumption, but the dry rot will increase with storage during the winter and the potatoes will be quite unfit for seed next year. The disease
there  is  no    efficient
1 -<*Jade in canad^1
For   making;
' soap.
For soften.
' Ine water.
For    removing |
paint.
For dlilnfectlns |
refrigerators,
��� Ink*, oloaets, J
| dralneandforSOO
other purposes.
tUFUSC SUK-TITUTH.
Public Will Chance It
treatment for it. Where signs of dry
Eliminating the Opportunity of Making Excessive Profits
What causes popular resentment
is not a high price, but the belief
that it has to bc paid merely to satisfy the greed of some individual and
to put money into his pocket. The
great merit of the costing system
adopted by the ministry of food is
that it eliminates the opportunity of
making excessive profits out of the
public need by reducing the stages
through which a commodity    passes
.......................
��_>.e......~_..
YES! MAGICALLY!
CORNS LIFT OUT
WITH FINGERS
Whether the corn he of old or new
growth, it must yield to Ilolloway's
Corn Cure, the simplest and best
cure offered to the public.
rot are present in the stem end, it is   to those indispensably necessary, and
'        lhal  the  potatoes    should   '     '���-���������      -���
��"���".-���������...���->._.>���<���������>__..������.������-..,..._.,.,._....,._,_.,,, _*._,__���_.,..
you say to the drug store man,
"Give me a small bottle of frcezone."
This will cost very little but will
positively remove every hard or soft
corn or-.callus from one's feet.
A few drops of this new ether compound applied directly upon a tender, aching corn relieves the soreness
instantly, and soon the entire corn or
callus, root and all, dries up and can
be  lifted  off with  the  fingers.
This new way  to fid one's feet of  qtior  business,
corns was introduced by a Cincinnati! invested  in   each
Liquor and Labor
Comparatively    Few    Men    Thrown
Out of Work Through End of
Liquor  Industry
Defenders   of  the  liquor    industry   spreads"to'llic' poTato? causing a jell
inportant  mat  Uie
bc stored in a very cool cellar (or the
rot develops much more rapidly in
warm cellars. Healthy-looking potatoes may have dry rot, which is
only seen by cutting a thin slice
across the stem end when a brown
ring, or brown spots, will be seen.
The other end of the potato will
show no brown ring, hence, for cooking purposes, dry rot may bc removed if not too far advanced. In its
advanced stage, dry rot produces
jelly-ends, and such potatoes should
be thrown aside. The disease enters
the stem end, through the stein
which  dies    prematurely,    and    then
have always professed anxiety con
cerning the great army of workmen
that would bc thrown out of employment upon the adoption of national
prohibition.
Much is said about the enormous
amount of capital that is invested in
the liquor industry, and vet for every $1,000,000 invested in "the average
industry, practically six times as
many workers are employed as in the
liquor business.
Take a few leading Canadian industries and compare  them with  the li-
For   every   $100,000
of   these   industries
man, who says that frcezone dries in j the  following number of wage  carn-
a moment, and simply shrivels up the
corn or callus without irritating the
surrounding skin.
Don't let father die of infection or
lockjaw from whittling at his corns,
but clip this out and make him try
it.
If you druggist hasn't any free-
zone tell him to order a small bottle
from his wholesale drug house for
you.
Find Gasoline in Shale
From the so-called hydrocarbon
shales of Colorado and Utah may
come gasoline for -motor cars. Examination of these shales by the
United Slates geological survey indicate that the distillation of shale
from beds over three feet thick in
Colorado alone will yield more than
20,000,000,000 barrels of crude oil,
from which more than 2,000.000,000
barrels of gasoline can bc extracted
by ordinary methods. However,
there probably v. ill bc no shale gasoline manufactured until the present
methods of obtaining gasoline make
the product so expensive that tlie.
big majority of .motorists are unable to buv it.
Taking the Toll
Germany Must in Due   Course   Restore Conquered Territory
France paid loo, and paid heavily
but now, after 15 months have gone,
takes that for which she paid. Now
the weight, of artillery is with her.
But it is not only artillery. The
spirit of France lives in the "extraordinary patience of tlie French soldier, which, combined with his excellent physique, makes his mind
and. body* so untired in spite of the
tremendous mental and bodily strain
of the war that he seems today just
as full of energy and even more.determined than in the first enthusiasm
of the. rush into Alsace and Lorraine." Verdun was. always t'.:c key
of the defense of France. ]n the
last few days one after another . of
the bastions of that defense, which
Germany won in the spring of 1916,
have been .regained. There is in this
the whole hope and confidence of the
alliance. What Germany has won
and still holds she will in due course
be made to restore; that, and more
also.���London Times.
rs are employed: Liciuor 9; agricultural implements, 22; boots and
shoes, 80; butter and cheese, 76;
bread etc., 55; house building. 80;
clothing, 145; furniture, 60. These
figures show that the number of
wage-earners in the liciuor business
is couinaratiwly small compared
with   other  industries.
The  changed  conditions   following
the  adoption   of national   prohibition
end, or, if late, just a brown ring.
Potato scab is more common than
usual and in some cases the pits arc
very deep, causing decay which
would make the potato unfit for use.
For further information on potato
diseases send for bulletin entitled,
"The Potato," also forward any unusual case of potato disease, to the
Botany Department of the Manitoba
Agricultural College.
GUARD THE CHILDREN
FROM AUTUMN COLDS
The fall is the most severe season
of the year for colds���one day is
warm, the next is wet and cold and
unless the mother is on her guard
the little ones are seized with colds
that may hang on all winter. Baby's
Own Tablets arc mothers' _ best
friend in preventing or banishing
colds. They act as a gentle laxative, keeping the bowels and    stom-
, _��� . ,,. .      .. II��\.,      iW-VJ^llIK        lilt,       1/UIVV1J       cm vi ,ji_v*��*
does not mean that they will go adntt  ach   frec  and  swcct_    An  0Cc_.s_0nal
dose will prevent colds or if it does
come on suddenly the prompt use of
>y limiting the cost at each to a fab-
return for work done. We hope the
public will understand the point and
appreciate the method adopted to
eliminate "profiteering." There is,
indeed, a danger that this may bejoo
effectually done and that the mark
may bc overshot. It is a danger
which always attends fixed prices,
and it must not be ignored
If prices
are so fixed that they do not give a   Palestine.    Families are being    mas
fair return, the    inevitable    result is '     ' '  '     "    '
that  commodities  arc not  forthcoming.���London Times.
Conditions in Palestine        There are thousands of
Turks    Enter    Upon    Campaign    of j children   who   are   bright
Terror Among Jews Bllt    frail ��� not   sick    DUt
The  latest advices  from  Palestine,   ,'._J___-_J_��_--____1__AJ       *l��^..
coming, as usual, i,v devious ways, underdeveloped���they
show  only too  clearly  that the  con-   pjay with their food���they
clitious     in     that  countrv   are  going-   r   .   t ij _i 1     1
from bad to worse.      Some   months j Catch COluS eaSllV and  UO
ago,  the.  Turkish authorities  entered ' ___.l il-��J����__��     iL_.....L -J
upon a campaign against the Jews not tnriVC���Uiey OmV need
iu Palestine, which followed, all" too *f��e r>lir*��wricll HnilM-Wirl in
exactly, says au exchange, upon the l lC i��ure*IK��lIiqUia-IUOa HI
lines of the treatment meted out to
the Armenians and the-Syrians. Reliable reports showed that the Jews
were being driven out ot Jaffa, Jerusalem, and other cfties, in thousands, and that they were not allowed to carry off any of their belongings, or to take with them a day's
supply of food; whilst, once they
were forced out, the most cynically
complete methods were adopted to
insure that they should not be able
to  obtain  any kind  of .sustenance.
The latest reports available from
Jaffa show that these measures have
been, in a large measure, effective.
Jaffa, which was once a thriving
city, has been economically ruined,
ami reports from other parts of Palestine show that the. policy inaugurated sonic months ago, is being
steadily carried out. There is need
for the plainest speaking in this matter. The tale of massacre aud outrage
at various places in the mid-East has
become such a stock story, in the
news of the day, that there is serious danger of its being almost taken
for granted. The well-night inconceivable horrors of the Armenian
massacres, followed closely by Dje-
mal's "polic.v of extermination," in
Syria,  are now  being re-enacted    in
The Friend of All Sufferers.���Like,
to "the shadow of a rock in a weary
land" is Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil to
all those who suffer pain. It holds
out hope to everyone and realizes it
by stilling suffering everywhere. It
is a liniment that has the blessing of
half a continent. It is on sale everywhere and can bc found wherever
enquired for.
or cause  a panic,
will   be   necessary,
Some adjustment
The constantly
c.iau.niie situation in the industrial
world often compels men to change
their occupations and may havc to
learn   new  trades.
ll is an ��� acknowledged fact .hat
���more men lose their jobs because of
llic lifiuor trade than would be the
case if the trade were destroyed.
Someone has said: "When liciuor
puts a.man out of a iob it unfits him
for another job. When no-liecnse
puts a bartender out of a job it
makes him a wealth-producing work-
iii-rnian. Tt is better that the bartender should lose his job and get
a better one than that dozens of patrons should lose their jobs and be
unfitted for any job."���J. H. Hazlc-
wood, Social  Service Department.
Anyone Can Do This
Overheated Houses Mean   a   Waste
of Fuel and Is Injurious
to Health
The fuel administrator suggests
that as a measure of economy in
the use of coal, Americans reduce
the temperature of their houses at
least five degrees this winter. The
American standard of artificial heating is commonly said to bc about 70
degrees Fahrenheit, and this is true
in Canada, The English standard is
62 degrees. The complaints of Englishmen in America of overheated
houses and the jests of Americans iu
England at the chilliness indoors are
well worn stories. Climatic differences make identical heating standards unlikely and even undesirable,
the Tablets willquickly cure it!��Thc I .Y0' American houses are frequently
Tablets arc sold by medicine dealers . kc^ to?J_ot.' and >"* wlth a temper
Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.
Worms, however generated, arc
found in the digestive tracts, where
they set up disturbances detrimental
to the health of the child. There can
bc no comfort for the little ones until the hurtful intruders have been
expelled. No better preparation for
this purpose can bc had than Miller's
Worm Powders. They will immediately destroy the worms and correct
the conditions that were favorable to
their existence.
The Vanishing Elk
Drastic Measures Must Be  Taken to
Save Them From  Extinction
NexL
keep
in    importance    to   big-horn
though    least     in     numbers,
Raise Sheep in B. C.
Canada Near Foot of    the    List in
Sheep Raising
Sir George Bury, of the C;P.R.,
vho was sent lo Kiissia. recently to
organize her railways, writes to the
secretary of the British Columbia
Wool Growers' Association as follows:
"For many years J--havc been advocating an increase in the sheep industry and have made quite a number
of public and semi-public utterances
on the subject. The sheep population of the world numbers well over
600,000,000 and out of twenty-five
countries Canada is near the foot, being twenty-second _ with 2,173,302���
Australia coming first with 85,057,-
402. The decrease in Canada between the year 1901-1914. the most
recent figures obtainable, amounted
to 334,937, whereas there was in Australia an increase of 10.516,486 and
an increase iu South Africa of 19,-
588,340. Between 1900 and 1910, the
! number of sheep in the United States
or by mail at 25 cents a box from
The Dr. Williams' .Medicine Co.,
Brockviile, Ont.
Blackleg in Cattle
Prevention Is Possible Through Usc
of Vaccination
The Manitoba, department of agriculture has had complaints from a
few parts of. the country of ioss
among cattle from blackleg, and this
is just the time of year to be on the
lookout for it. The blackleg germ,
when once introduced into a district,
lives in the soil, and is liable to attack animals, especially j-oung cattle,
at pasture.
The symptoms are quite characteristic, the first usually being sudden
lameness, in which one of the legs is
dragged stiffly. Local, swelling develops rapidly, and these produce a
crackling sound when pressed. . The
disease is almost always rapidly fatal. '     /
The'department reminds the public
that although curative treatment after infection is not practicable, prevention is possible through vaccination. This year a large amount of
blackleg vaccine was used in all the
Western provinces because of the
publication last winter of a circular
on this subject. Farmers with cattle at pasture should get a copy of
this  circular from    the    Publications
alure of 70 degrees, but 72 and 75 degrees. When Mr. Garfield urges a
general reduction of five degrees in
the temperature of the average home
hc asks us to bear no hardship or
even discomfort. Most medical authorities would enthusiastically endorse his suggestion on grounds of
health alone.���New York Sun.
Gramaphones in the War
. Three hundred gramaphones arc
divided among the Canadian troops
in France alone. Gramaphones will
also accompany the United States
soldiers, and as a start a New York
man has bought seventy-five of thcin
to be sent across to Pershing's men
as his T_ersonal contribution, through
the Y.M.C.A. .
Mr. Bradt, general manager iu
Canada of a graniaphono compauy.-
says that the war has not hit the
gramaphohc industry to any serious
extent, and in Canada business has
advanced wonderfully. As an instance, last June's sales were 127 per
cent, better than those of June, 1916,
a record month, when business was
700 per cent, better than it was five,
years back.
A Plan to lieep Cabbage
Cabbage will keep in good condition until late in the winter if wrap
sacred, towns and territories cva
cuated, communities plundered and
given over to pillage. Thus, the
town of Gaza was recently ordered
by the Turkish authorities, to bc
evacuated by the civil population,
and, in pursuance of this order, the
inhabitants were forced to set" out
upon their journey with nothing but
the clothes they wore. All their belongings were left iu their homes,
and were immediately turned over
to the Turkish troops for loot.
The outrages in Palestine present
one peculiar feature: In the case
of the Armenians, the desire was to
get rid of troublesome question by
exterminating the causes of it. In
Syria, the desire was somewhat similar. But, hitherto, the. Jew has always been shown comparatively
friendly treatment in Turkey. He
has never been regarded as an clement in the population which the
authorities would rather have eliminated. On the contrary, hc. has
generally been accorded a favored
position amongst-ihe subject peoples, and the Turkish officials have
not been slow to recognize the value
of having such a thrifty communis
in their midst. The destruction and
outrage at present going on in Palestine, therefore, is of a most wanton description. The. thriving Jewish
colony around laffa. for instance,
was a source of great income to the
government. Nevertheless, this hav
been dispersed and destroyed, and
the same may be said of the position in Jerusalem and other cities.
Around Gaza, calvary horses were,
it is said, deliberately turned over
to graze ou such scanty crops as the
inhabitants had been able to grow,
so that there will be. no grain this
year, in a country where conditions
of living arc, even now, almost desperate. Broadly speaking, there is in
the whole condition only one consolation and that is that every time
the Turk indulges in a such meaningless and insane, acts of barbarity, his
expulsion, as far as any autliority is
concerned, bag and baggage, not only
from Europe, but from civilization
generally, is rendered the more absolutely ccrlain.
EMUELSIOI
to start them growing and keep
them going. Children relish
SCOTT'S and it carries rare
nutritive qualities to their blood
streams and gives them flesh-
food, bone-food and strength-food.
Nothing harmful in SCOTT'S.
Scott & Bovrsc. Toronto. Ont. 16-2
Will Cultivate More Land
Increase Our Average Yields
Facts and Factors Making   for   Success or Failure
The average yields of Canada's
grain crops can be doubled in quantity by the application of more care
in. seed selection, and just a ilttle
more labor and skill in tillage^ And
what is perhaps of even greater importance than..quantity, is. quality of
product. The 50 per cent, yield will
usually be of inferior quality, so that
the loss involved in raising the small
or poor crop, is two-fold. The gain
in producing the large or I0O per
cent, yield is also  two-fold���a    gain
Branch,   Department  of   Agriculture, I ��,��\ l"��if? from the to.
Winnipeg, or  should send direct for   .h^ mam part, ol  the  crop  is  buried
- ��� ... -.      .-   ���    in a p_t a great deal of labor can bc
saved by taking out quite a quantity
uiiong    the    Rocky    Mountain    big  (i,,crf>;is(>d  s,896,266,  being   given    as
Save
In the Use
Of Wheat
By eating
Grape-Ntits
All the food value
of the grain is used
in making this delicious food, and its
b.end of make 1 barley not only ?dds to
its nouiishing qualities, but produces a
ila'vO- of i__n.u_.uai lich-
All Food-
No Waste!
game, is the American elk or wapiti.
It once ranged nearly the entire continent in millions, but is now reduced so greatly lhal it has become possible to take a reasonably accurate
census of its numbers. Its habitat
was originally from Mexico to -tlie
Peace river and from the Pacific to
tlie Atlantic, between the St. Lawrence and the coast of South Carolina. Today, a few'scaUcrcj bands
along the Rockies between Colorado
and the Brazcau river and scunc isolated herds in the forests of northern Manitoba and Saskatchewan.;
comprise the entire wild elk left in
North America. Probably the total
does not exceed 60,000 head, less
than -,000 of which arc found iii
( vn tb lu lh< Rockies there arc
pubabl' trom 175 to 365. of which
tlu it'-igi ini i''t remnant m the \al-
li \ of the Br.i/uu is the last of tne
r riginal elk hcids of  Mbtrta    llic-e
low tound in the south are Hutish
Columbia elk tl at ha.e migrattd to
'lie 1 ast slopi siree the in._ugur_.tioi'
of a closed >���(i��on on elk in Albert t
cue  fue  or  m\  jeais  agn
Ilk  are  g"- /ing  aiiiinals,   bit   hin
Lien   lorecd   to   b< < or,c   ton-t   d_\_'-
h   >-      lhc>   h.e  _ rinrtp  lh   on  t_r. --���,
vtds ard low   brush    "i<li  a>  '���'it'll
1> j"   r,  lurch  _>nd  willow-     'l'u-   h-
ii     m on  r-i   ������    l d  \ i r d r i   -_
52,838,748 in the latter year.
"The number of sheep per 1,000 inhabitants in Australia in 1914 was
10,970: Ireland, S23; Great Britain.
578; United Stales, 575 and Canada,
302.
"The number of sheep per 1.000
acres of productive land in 1914 ir.
Australia was 709; Great IVritain,
509; Ireland, 192; United Slates, 00,
and Canada, 20.
"These figures show to what cxr
tent ihe number of sheep in Cariad-i
might reasonably be increased, but
instead we seem to be killing off the
lambs  and   sheep  very  rapidly."
the vaccine and circular to Dr. C. D.
McGilvray, Dominion Government
Veterinary Inspector for Manitoba,
Boyd I.lock, Winnipeg. -In a single
day lately.<Dr. McGilvray's office received orders for more than two
thousand doses of blackleg vaccine.���
George  l.atho.
Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.
CMii lets
BAD CA!
l
Relief Instpntrr.cns, Healed
With3C:-i-.cspfSoapand
2 Boxes of Ci.'.Lmcnt.
United States Prepares
Entered War With Firm Determination to Do Their Part
The war niay hot be won in the
air. The blows wc shall presentlv
strike on the land, together with our
allies, may be the principal factor in
the victory that is sure to come. We
have a navy eager to get into the
fray. Hut the American program for
military aviation shows that wc shail
be ready, when the time conies, to
Combat "with nil the Taiib.es and
Gothas tlie Germans- can send aloft,
to put new obst tcks in llic waj of
the German artilkrj,, to pas- o.cr
the enem}'- lines and let the Ger-
n'ans know that wc h i\ c not entered
tht \,ar without a linn di termination to do our share m all the opi rations and the means to put it into
eftctt���New   \ork   Iim s
ped in paper and placed on shelves   not on_y _n "amount or  Quantity but
the top of a, cellar. _ If  a_so jn quality and hence iii enhanced   market value  bushel  for bushel.
It is in the large yields that profits
arc made;  the smaller yields    manv
whenever the pit is opened and
keeping it by the above method until
it is used, when another supply can
be taken from the pit.
Doctor (suddenly producing stethoscope)���Say ninety-nine.
Recruit, (from . Stock, Exchange)���-
Ninety-eight and seven-eights!���
Good Jests.
MOTHERHOOD
WOMAN'S JOY
Suggestions to Childless
Women.
and ofttimes dp incur actual loss.
There arc facts and factors making
for success or failure which arc apt
to bc ignored or overlooked, and yet
which arc. of vast and vital import to
the. individual, the community and
the nation, signally so in this lime
of shortage and of .abnormal expenditures.
The conditions that count for success and ultimate independence for
the farmer are: Thoroughness and a
fair degree of skill in his work and
intelligent, economic management of
Ms atfairs..���W, J. Way.
Extended    Program     for    Bringing
More Land Under Cultivation in England and
Wales
The 1918 harvest program for England and Wales contemplates two
million acres less grass and 2,600,000
more grain, according to an official
statement.
The announcement shows a change
from that previously given out by
the Briiish board of agriculture,
wherein the government urged farmers to plow up an additional 3,000,000
acres of grass land, in the hope of
making England as near self-sustaining for cereals as possible.
. The British official statement says:
"Jn 1916 there were 5,730,000. acres
under corn crops (wheat and barley,
oats, rye, beans and peas') iu England and Wales. The board aims at
an addition to this area of 2,600,000
acres in the harvest of 1918���an addition of 300,000 acres has been made.
In 1918 the board expect to secure
600,000 acres of potatoes as compared
with 428,000 acres grown in 1916.
Nearly one-half of this increase has
already been obtained. Reductions in
the areas of temporary grass and in
certain of the less important crops of
arable land are proposed, so that tho
extra 3,000,000 acres of essential
crops may, it is estimated, bc secured by the plowing up of about
2,000,000 acres of permanent grass.
Over dnd above mountain and hill
grazings there were 16,000,000 acres
under permanent grass in England
and Wales in 1916; it is thus only
necessary to plow one-eighth of our
grass land w-hen preparing for the
harvest of 1918; and it may be estimated that quite one-fifth of this task
has already been completed.
"Various circumstances have combined to bring about this revision of
the official program for 1918. Iu the.
first place the new policy has proved,
so acceptable in Ireland and Scotland that those two countries have
contributed an increased corn production this .year over the year 1916
and havc arranged to add largely to
their tillage for 1918. This factor
has enabled the government considerably to reduce its call upon England
and Wales. Other factors in the situation havc been the difficulty, without unduly interfering wilh the supply of man power for the army, the
navy, and munition and other essential services, of providing sufficient
labor and machinery to carry out_ the
whole of the government's agricultural program in one season.
"The aim of the government's re'-
vised plan (as it was tlie aim of the
original) is to break up a_ sufficient- ���
amount of the poorer quality grass
land that has fallen down since 1870
or thereabout lo grow enough cereals to render the .country .self-supporting in'case of extremity.
"Unless the position of affairs
should .become unexpectedly more
serious during the late summer, the
official opinion is that with.the good
: will, of agriculturists generally and _i
continuance of the energetic and public spirited action of the executives,
il should be possible to approximate,
very nearlv to the ideal of an additional 2,600,000 acres of corn-following upon the breaking up of about
2,000,000 acres of permanent grays.".
Customer���Which way to the
hosiery department, please?
Shopwalker .an cx-soldier)���Right
turn at the next aisle, sir, forward
about twenty paces, left oblique, forward, left turn, halt, and it's there-
Judge. '  ���    -
1 t'     i'i    nlit'   to sLbs.-'
1 . l-     in*- ���>.! "i i -
-   lti o   t' i    l
���tiit] 'o'r   M        \ '
i '   i"   r 1  x U    i
i    ( '   t       K      '  -
-l. I      1    - ���     r
-   ; o-l '
i  U C
��   r   -
oi     t1
"I w-
ir -   -
r.r   I
\    1 o' .
c her
= <��'
l_��r fS
t
(
y^:
i ��� i >c\      I fo nd uLt I
1 -1 a 1   J c^e A tczer.j
I'\ t__,c._    ->, 11 a ten had
c      )',   .    1    l-f   ih   n - r
i-r'-tl    '   GD  il at  i! e   M. i
1-'-T-, .c-j ^or-*     I set
'    ~ *- -nr   !()   :-
KeVf
Increase in  Live  Stock
Alberta's cxctlKrt l.ir\e-   is di.iv-
lng  a  large  number of    1 uidit _ ktr-,
iimiu   of  whom uk   p'.icu i<=i lg   1 nd
with a  \ic\\   to breaking it up    m\J_
__________.__-i��r->TvP       j. i.i.   nign   price     ol
\i\l   -��ock,   too,   i-   .ttr. ell   _r     -, )<_]_
men from .11 o\   r fit I nntd St itta
��� to ovr vat  nt bids with   i  \u..    to
j plarm"-   c.."lc   . nd   oilier  In c     s'otA
j u_ o i it      I iif   pr--rP   n di.   lion-,
| th  t   tl ' re   \ 'il   \><   a   \   i  d   r    1     n
c  i'i   1 - i_    'ork (H -i lg  the  cc  l
c r.
i cl
i 11 i^
oi   U
Ce
c
I
. 1
1 \
-  , f
-C_      P.
i r'.
u g
Cls'ns cf Educatio-i
-t. L_
I. r
>-  1
C-
r (tit
h    i    i��
ti   .'     n
������    > i i c   ��� >
1 ' �����
W.     N.
1.92
1   13      ,     i_
i       i t^c ^irp-c- I     I, I/> ''..a..
i'r- v  -J     ' Cut'cura  Dct-t
__yjstop, L. S. \ "    ���-       c*   - .
r
a (.
<! I
Among the virtues of Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Com_x>und is the
ability to correct sterility in the
cases of many women. This fact is
well established aa cvidcnceJ by the
following letter and hundreds of others
WG have published in these colums.
Poplar Bluff,  Mo.���"I want other
women to know what a blessing Lydia
��� -q E. Pinkham s Vege-
il table Compound has
|j| nact always wanted
a baby in our homo
but I was in poor
health and not able
to do my work Hy
mother and husband both urged me
to try Lydia E Pinkham's" Vegftab'e
Compound. I (hd
20, my health im-
]-rc\e<! audi a*n rev the mo_h<r of a
frc V>v r-lrl and do al! nv ov.n ho^sa
v-ork."-.\n Aliia B. Tjmmcns, 213
Amond St., Pop'ar BIutT. Mo.
In many other hor-us, c-ice chila e>3,
there ti^'rcv chiMren b^caa^t of tho
fact tnatLjdiaE Pi"l,.an/s Veg-U! le
CoTi-mr-.d irakes '7or.cn normal,
heahhj and str >rp
Write to tu? Lvd-a E. Pinkham Medicine Co . Lvrn. Ma^s , for pd ice���it
will be ccn��(i-ntial _��nd belpf tii.
Strange Infatuation
Wc in America know that tlie
iloiieiizollerns are the oppressors pf
the German people. England knows
it. France knows it. But in the
mind of the average German, taught
by the ingenious system of a Prussia that saw the sole salvation of
kaiserthuin iu the socialisation of the
people foi the benefit of the stale,
the onf\ oppressors ol the Germans
arc Lnglind ..nd 1* ranee and Russia
and America. l\cn here, .iftti being surrounded for a generation bj
the blessings of dtmociac\, there aie
titalures who worship with various
degrees of sccrccv. the idols of Pui_-
���sia'i .uUociac. - Nc*\   Y"r'_ 'nt \
SODABISCUIT
Tuturc  Pemands !>-'; Gos.c___
i J51atk, Doniii ion Commi=-
'loiiir of A Miiulturc, ��>*%>> tint 'inrr
tl \ ,tr bttrui then were 28 000,000
K=;= cat de, -0 000.000 '���Ik cp and over
o'1,0')��000 It -sv. hoir*. in tl world. 1 hc
ic-nit \ Hild bt, --id Mr Bl.iiA, that
in the \tar- tin r the \. .r, the price-,
o�� i it products i A lue stock
\ t il -till .i.m'in hi.h 'l'c fmn
i - _ i" lift riiu\inc put. out ot
rn.irl n .hen ton. rid with
,r, , oi ctler vied <-l-�� wlun the
_ .oi L \   -<   b jni"-
Portugal's Eccentricity '
-t<-io' -��� < ^ <"f Port _K,._.l is
i. g word r *-l c has 42,000 sol-
, fi_ gi'l .1 ti c war ir Ifiu
tr n rg i lore to ������crd a| < r_.
������ 1 ->* ��i. i. a^'d fr r   _n
'1
c
tl
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id
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r  il        "     To^'j'
1 i -on   to  rpi -,-r
' Ci _���   Jo rnah
d It   _n   \ircri-
it i v   hi   i -" an.-
ccci-ntnc ���Kansas
Dainty, crisp little
sodas,made either
plain or with just
a little salt to give
them added zest.
FAIRY biscuits
are how packed in
cardboard cartons
���tr.__^__._ J _Xii__ -  .    .  .
ing to you, yet with
our modern methods
of distribution
they reach.
yoii v/ith
.Efciappyireoh-
ncss beca^a
iheycomeo.*
rect Irom tha
oven to yo*a��
Most GtgcsTs Aovs them���
aU can get than. 25
Horth-West Biscuit Co., Lii&Itd
Edcioatea, Alta.   '-"?:
ipades st Rj��ai.fetuooa, Ca'tsr?, YKKartft
���rXM '.'\X-X.;~'l?.^$i>i~X,.
^HE    LEDGE,    GREENWOOD,    B,   0,
yr
-3L-
For Nursery Use
you cannot take chances on,
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the Standard in Canada for
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Baby's Own is Best fo*
Baby���Best for You.
ALBERT SOAPS, LIMITED, Altar*
Cold Storage Architecture
Government Issues   Hand-book   on
Cold Storage Construction
To meet an ever-increasing- demand for information respecting the
construction of ice-houses and small
cold storage systems for farmers,
country storekeepers, milk producers, liotel keepers, owners of
country homes and others, the Dominion department of agriculture has
issued Bulletin No. 49, of the dairy
and cold storage branch, entitled,
''Small Cold Storages and Dairy
Buildings," the immediate sponsors
for which are Mr. J. A. Ruddick,
dairy and cold storage commission^-
er, and Mr. Joseph Burgess, cold
storage inspector. The bulletin is a
complete handbook on cold storage
construction of a comparatively simple and inexpensive kind. Besides
minute explanatory details of plans
and material required for construction of ice houses and refrigerators,
a scries of drawings prepared by the
architect's branch of the department
of public works is presented, of
which blue prints on a scale of one
inch to two feet can be had free on
application to the dairy and cold
storage commissioner, while the bulletin itself can be had, also free, by
writing to the publication branch, department of agriculture, Ottawa. If
the information herein contained
were extensively made use of. ndl
only would much waste be avoided
and financial profit accrued, but considerable benefit would be derived in
health and the enjoyment of life enhanced. Five different plans are
given in the bulletin with complete
specifications for each and a statement of quantities of ice that can be
stored.
MONTREAL.
Weed's Phoaphodi-W.
Tht Great  SnglUh  Eetttdy.
Tone, Md invigorate* tho whol*
k DoiTouf ��� yatain. mikef new Blood
"ia  ok. Velni,   Cures AVruou*
Vtbillty. Mental and .Brain Worn), Vctpotu
-enev. Loss oj Energy, Pmlpitation of th��*
Itart, Ftitinr Memory. Prico tl pet boi, ii:
.arts. Oo��nilljs)le��3��, iix will cure. 8oldby -'
Iragsiit* or mailed ia plain pkg. on rece.pt
>i. ill
byafl
_.___,           Ipt of
lee. Krtop<imphlrtmaiU&'frtctHK.VIOOO
IKDICINKCO��T0MHTt.CaT. t-twrti WiimJ
THE NEW FReNCH ft EM COY. N.I. *���__. N.S
tmerapion gssaw
great .ucccsi, cubes chronic weakness, lost viaot
It VIM. KIDNEY, BLADDER. DISEASES. BLOOD POISON.
#ILES. EITHER No. DRUGGISTS or MAIL SI. POST 4 CT1
fOUOERA CO. 30. BECK-IAN ST. NEW VORKor LYMAN BROS
(TORONTO. WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO OR. LE CLERO
WED.CO. HAVENSTOCKRD. HAMPSTEAD, LONDON, ENO.
tRY NEW DRAOEE1TASTELES3I FORMOf    EAsy  --,  TAKg
Trifi-. KA_r IOIM las���!, cum.
6C THAT TRADE MARKED WORD 'THERAFION    IS OH
IT.QOVT.STAUr AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE FACUT*
The Sod of ��� Piano is the
Action.   Insist on the
Otto Higel Piano Action
MONEY ORDERS
Dominion Express Money Orders are on
���lie in five thousand offices throughout Canada.
Germans Surpristd in India
From  a  Letter  from   Ahmednagar,
~     India, to the Springfield
Republican
Some day I am going to send you
a letter about, the German prison
camp here, but I must wait for sunny weather, so that I can take some
snap shots to ffo with my letter. The
e'etmp is growing, all the time, and I
hope it will continue to grow; The
latest additions arrived last Friday���
two German airmen from Mesopotamia. New barracks are being put up
and I hope that before long they will
be filled with people from German
East Africa. The last ones who came
from thai part of the world were
amazed at being sent to Bombay���
India had revolted weeks before, so
they had been .told.
500,000 Free Meals a Month
Magnitude of Organization  in London That Looks After
Soldiers
People in Canada, who turn out
every now and then to welcome a
party of returned soldiers have little idea of the magnitude of the organization in London that looks after Tommy during his passage
through the empire metropolis on
his brief and infrequent visits to the
home folks.
The total number of persons engaged in the carrying out of these
arrangements during the month of
August was 9,360 of whom 1,027 were
paid and 8,333 were volunteer workers. During the month an average of
over 1,800 men a clay were conveyed
across London to rest houses at
hours when the ordinary vehicles of
transportation were not running.
In the 83 rest houses vr.ikh contain over ten thousand beds no less
than 160,760 officers and wen slept.
This means a nightly average ef over
5,000.. Still m.ore astonishing Is the
total of 515,613 meals ser*ctt during
the month at the seven ff*e refreshment buffets. These butfttf which
havc been established for over two
and a half years are suppoltd entirely by voluntary subscription, the
ladies who look after them |a<cing no
remuneration for their services.
An Approach to Candor
The  Quicksand to  Which Germany
Has Been Beckoning
the Allies
Michaclis's approach to candor is
Worth its weight in gold, though
(c'cmingly hc did not mean lo bc
candid. If Germany were to state
her war aims where the people���not
a handful of diplomats meeting i
the world���could hear them, 'it
would contribute certainly to a prolongation of the war." - This is
valuable testimony. Arc Germany's
war aims indeed so shocking? Would
the mere statement of these war aims
drive the allied peoples, who
Michaclis assures us. are suffering
greatly from economic distress, into
a desperate.resolution to fight to the
end, to endure-anything rather than
the imposition of such terms? But
what,    then,    becomes    of all these
 fcclcra .tlmv.  havc  been   thrown   out,
these hints that Germany is in a
reasonable state of mind and not so
ferocious after all? What becomes
of the Reichstag's resolutions dc-
clarinrj for peace without annexations? Were all these things false,
deceptive, merely smiling beckonings
toward the quicksands? They were,
indeed: and the quicksand to which
Germany has been deceitfully beckoning the allies is none other than
that peace conference at which tire
people's- v.ar~B_*as arc to bc made
the prirc of a game in which the
best���that is, the most unscrupulous
���'player is to bc the winner.,���New
York   Times.
Minard's Liniment Co., Uhnfted.
Gentlemen,���In July, 190>. I was
thrown from a road machin*!, injuring ray hip and back bad;y Smd was
obliged to use a crutch for }* months.
Iu Sept., 1906. Mr. Wm. OuJridgc of
Lachute urged mo to try "MINARD'S
LINIMENT, which I did with the
most satisfactory results afld today
I am as well as ever in mv 3fc.
Yours sinccreJr.
'   hfc   ""
MATTHEW x  BAINES..
mar*
Too Few Farmer?
In Parliament
Representation Needed to Safeguard
Interests of Farnl'rs
How can you expect r,.c farmers
to get a square deal wh<^, as now,
you have seventy-eight 1? ftycrs and
twenty-eight fanners in he federal
parliament? I do not cfArgc deliberate 'wrong-doing to mfti of other
callings _in parliament. Hie whole
trouble is that they hav" the wrong
viewpoint. When faruifrs are represented in parliament 1*�� proportion
to their numbers .and Ibtf importance
of their calling, you wili fct a square
deal. Why is it the fafiicr has not
his proper place in ma.itrs of legislation? It is because !>������< is too modest; he is too ready to submit to the
direction of others. _*��s indicating
what farmers can do, t��ke. the case
of North Dakota. In wat sUte last
year the farmers got ��Vgethcr, *hcy
prepared their own termers' platform, and on that platform they
elected their candidate 'or governor,
all the state officers Mt one. and
ninety per cent, of llv6 members of
the state legislature
In the West we li.vs laid down a
farmers' platform; th_r_. platform has
been adopted by the /'arm organizations of the three Priiric Provinces.
In constituencies whrrc farmers are
in the majority wc .roposc to ask
candidates nominate/ in the usual
way to accept that pisiform, and failing such acceptance ��rc propose to
nominate and eler-s our own.���R.
Mackenzie in the Fanners' Magazine.
"Bobby, did you tsuce that message
to Mrs. Turner, a* �� told you?"
"Ycs'm."
"And--what did yoK. find out?"
"Mrs. Turner.'-~'��Hpr_j_____  Capital.
Our Vital Statistics
Are lieing Improved
Dominion and Provinces Getting Together to Provide Anuual Returns of Births, Marriages
and Deaths
Canada is much in need of an efficient and uniform system of vital
statistics, and the census and statistics office, Hinder the energetic con
trol of Mr. R. H. Coats, the new
Dominion Statistician, is making a
strong effort to remedy existing defects.
"One province,1' says Mr. Coats,
"has no vital statistics at all. In the
others, legislation and methods differ in tbe widest degree. The statistical year is not uniform; only six of
the provinces use a common year.
The Bcrtillon, or international, classification of deaths is wholly or.partially adopted by seven other provinces, but not by the eighth. Still
more unsettling, each province has
its own separate scheme for the cpl-
lection, compilation and presentation
of these statistics. Take the highly
important matter of the form of the
death certificate���one of the several
that could be cited: of the twenty-
four items which such a certificate
should cover two of the provinces
omit sixteen, another fifteen, and
another thirteen, whilst the. lowest
number of omissions is three, and
this does not include other items of
the twenty-four which are incomplete in what they call for."
The census and statistic office, of
course, takes the decennial census,
but it must look to the provinces to
collect and compile annual vital statistics.    Provincial information is of
YOUR SOLDIER
friend���whethar In training, or already at the front���needs 2>am-Buk.
It cannot be equalled for the many
���mall injuries and ailmentg Incidental to a soldier's life.
Sergt. P. Breanner of the 8th
Canadian Mounted Rifles, writes:
"For healing cuts, sores, blisters,
etc., Zam-Buk cannot be beaten."
Corp. Fremlin of the 18th Field
Ambulance, writing from France,
says: "We find Zam-Buk splendid
for injuries and ail.ients, but we
haven't enough of it."
Every soldier should carry a box
of Zam-Buk, as nothing end* pain
and stops bleeding so quickly; it
also prevents blood-poisoning. 50c.
all druggists, or Zam-Buk Co.,
Toronto.
On the British Front
Wonderful Completeness of the TeU
ephone System
In the British army, ihe engineer
regiments are not limited to sappers' work. For instance, the Royal
Engineers' Signal Service has
charge of the telephone lines _ that
cover northern France. Here is an
incident illustrating the wonderful
completeness of the system:
A company commander was lying
out in No Man's Land on a scouting
expedition. He had his field telephone with him, and when he picked
it up to talk to his headquarters
something went wrong, so that his
line was connected with the chief
central's office. Immediately hc
heard a voice say: "What number
were you calling?"
He was so startled that he gave
bis own telephone number in London. Two minutes later hc heard his
v/ife's voice amid the roar of the
German guns.���Writer in the New
York Sun.
Storing Potatoes
Valuable Advice to Follow in Order
to Save Loss
"It is bad practice to store potatoes in large bins or pits," says Prof.
William Stuart, of the U.S. department of agriculture. Not infrequently potatoes are piled to a depth of
ten to fifteen feet, the pile being- correspondingly large in the other two
dimensions. When stored in this
manner they are almost certain to
go through a rather violent sweating
or curing process, during the course
of which the tubers in the central
portion of the pile are frequently
subjected to a dangerously high temperature.
This is especially true if the tubers
are slightly immature, or were not
dry and free from moist soil when
gathered, or if stored when the outside temperature is high, making if
difficult to lower the inside temperature of the house.
Overheating from all of these
causes may be avoided by making
some provision for ventilating the
pile. This is most easily accomplished by inserting division walls at intervals throughout the pile.
The division walls may cousist of
Iwo-by-iour uprights on the two-inch
face of which arc nailed seven-
eighths by four-inch, gtrips of .(anv
desired length, leaving a one-inch
space between each strip. This give:;
a ventilated partition, which can be
of any height and length desired.
By placing these in an upright position five or six feet apart as the
bin or storage house is being filled,
good ventilation will bc secured and
an easy avenue of escape for both
heat and moisture provided. It is
poor policy to invite heavy storage
losses by failure to provide the proper conditions.
Where tlie crop is not large
enough to justify building a storage
cellar or storage house, or where the
grower is not financially able to
make these investments, potatoes
can bc carried oyer successfully in
pits, provided these pits arc carefully
made.
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A Dangerous Patriot
Maxim Gorky, who in an eventful
career, has been a jack-of-all-trades,
turnspit, hewer, of wood, and the
famous author that all the world
knows, is now, unfortunately for his
country, a politician and a journalist. The policies of Gorky spell
anarchy, Maximilianism, Leninism,
anything except national defence.
Bourtzcff, who certainly cannot _be
suspected of reactionary tendencies,
says that Gorky as a politician is the
blindest of the blind and has dealt
some terrible blows at the foundations of Russian life.
NEW HEALTH FOR WOMEN
The most fateful years in  a   wo
man's life are those between   forty-
five and fifty. Many of the sex enter
this period under depressing    condi
tions  through  overwork    or    worry
about the home, or through a condition in which the blood is weak or
watery and so they    suffer heavily.
Among    the    commonest symptoms
are headaches,  feverish flushes,   palpitation of the heart, dizziness, backache; depression and other well   recognized disturbances of the    health
which signalizes that   the blood
re
no value for comparative purposes "if'���quires attention.      Women   urgently
all the provinces do not have the
same system of compiling and reporting. _ The efforts of the census
and statictics office are therefore directed towards getting all the
provinces to adopt one system. It
has drawn up a memorandum of vital statistical information and legislation gathered from all over the
world and is discussing it with the
provinces so that the subject may be
viewed from every possible viewpoint. Then, negotiations will be i��� ���
formally opened with the provinces ! health
to secure ratification of a plan of
compilation that will enable international comparisons as well as meet
our own needs. According to this
plan the census office will act as an
inspecting  agency  and   will   compile
need rich, red blood all their lives
but never more so than in middle-
life, when the nerves arc also weak
and overwrought.
Now every woman can prove the
prompt help afforded _to her health
by renewing and building up the
blood. It is a test that any ailing
woman can make by taking Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, for these pills
make rich, red blood, which in turn
stimulates the appetite, strengthens
the nerves and restores full robust
Thousands of women have
found in Dr.'Williams' Pink Pills
new health and strength and with
these a new happiness and interest
in life.
So if you suffer, avail yourself at
once of the    splendid  .home    treat
Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.
the resulting statistics on a national j ment which Dr. "Williams' Pink Pills
basis. j so   easily  afford,   and   you    will   bc
among those who rejoice in regained
Dragged Down by Asthma. The
man or woman who is continually
subject to asthma is unfitted for his
or her life's work. Strength departs
and energy is taken away until life
becomes a dreary existence. And
yet this is needless. Dr. J. D. Kel-
logg's Asthma Remedy has brought-
a great change to an army of sufferers. It relieves the restricted air
tubes and guards against future
trouble.    Try it.
The Prussian Savages
Goethe said: "The. Prussian is
born .cruel and civilization will make
him a savage." Civilization cannot
bc charged with the responsibility
of making the Prussian a savage, i
as  he    never    acquired    civilization
health. These pills arc sold by all
dealers in medicine, or may be had
by mail at 50 cents a box or six
boxes for $2.50 by .writing the Dr.
Williams' Medicine Co., Brockviile,
Ont.
Married Three Birds
The wife of a Methodist minister
in West Virginia has been married
three times. Her maiden name was
Partridge, her first husband was
named Robins, her second husband
.Sparrow and the present Quail.
There are two young Robins, one
Sparrow and three Quails in the family. One grandfather was a Swan
and another a Jay, but ue's dead now
and a bird of Paradise. They live on
Hawk avenue, Eaglcvillc, Canary Is
What he has acquired is control over ��� \���d.ra"d the, ftllow ,wll�� fw'otc. tm>
all  other German peoples, whom l,c ', }s a Lyre and a member of the fami-
sccms to have succcssfnlly made over|'v-���^ alley Enterprise,
after his    own    image.���New    York
Herald.
Catarrh Cannot be Cured
with LOCAL AMPLICATIONS, as (hey
.aniiot reach tlie teat ol the disease. Catarrh
it a local disease, greatly intiuenccd by _on-
itiliuional conilitioas. and m order to cure it
VOU must tike ait internal remedy. Hall's
Catarrh Cure is taken internally and acts
through the blood ou the ii.ui.vus burtaces
Ji the system. Hall's Catarrh Cute was pie-
cribed by one ri Uie best physicians iu this
country ior years. It is composed oi some
at tlie bt.it tonics known, LCinbined with
ioaie of the be��i blood pumiers. the perfect combination ot the iu_ji edients in Hall's
1 Catarrh   Lure is  what  pioiiuccs  such   wonaer-
Minard's Liniment Cures   Garget
Cows.
in
Eight Months of
Wastage in Army
Means Many Discharged for Various
Reasons Here and Abroad
and Casualties
An interesting statement giving
fgurcs for recruiting and wastage in
the Canadian expeditionary force
during the eight months from January to August inclusive, has been issued by the militia department. The
statement, which is a detailed one,
shows that in the eight months a
total of 49,179 men enlisted in the
C.E.F., of which number 17.451
joined tlie ranks of the infantry. During the same period the wastage of
men from various causes totalled 91,-
804, leaving a "net loss to the C.E.F.
for the eight months of 42,625 men.
Ihe totals of enlistments and wastage by months were as follows:
January, enlistments, 9,194, wastage
4,396.
February enlistments, 6,809, wastage, 21,955.
March enlistments. 6.640, wastage,
6,161.
April enlistments, 5,330, wastage,
16.849.
May enlistments, 6,407, wastage,
13,347.
June enlistments, 6MS, wastage,
7,913.
July enlistments, 3_S82, wastage, 7-
906.
August enlistments, 3,117. wastage,
13,232.. ���������������������,������,:..,
The number of enlistments in England for the C.E.F.. from February
1, 1915, to June 30, 1917, a total of
1,452 is added by ...the militia department to the totals given above, mak-
ingthe grand total of 49,179.
Under the head of "wastage" aic
classified all those men who ha-vc
been discharged in Canada, discharged in England, have become casual-
tics overseas, or have been rcturt/cd
to Canada for discharge.
The statement declares that figures
transmitted by Sir George Perlcy
show the percentage of infantry casualties from January 1 to July 31,
1917, as 89.24.
During the month of September a
total of3,588 men joined the ranks of
the various units classified as infantry, artillery, railway construction
and forestry and miscellaneous, as
against a total wastage of lO.P'K) men.
Of tbis number 1,272 were recruited
in the United States, 2,310 in Canada, and 26 in England. The net loss
during September was 7,402.
For the period from September IS
to 30, 648 men were recruited for the
C.E.F., while the wastage totalled
3.237, leaving a net loss of 2,589. Of
the six hundred men recruited 445
were enlisted in the United States,
194 in Cauada and 9 in England.
S WESTERN  OFFICES
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A rich, velvety, milk chocolate contain- ,
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A-li
im
Soldier Priesti
More Than 25,000 JTiests Fighting in
Trenches th France
In France more _han 25,000 priests
aud church students are fighting in
the trenches, when they arc not ministering to their .lying companions-
in-arms. They ar? serving as common soldiers with knapsack and rifle
and their presence heartens the poi-
Ius when they go over the top.
"They are _ no. chaplains," says
Sterling Hcilig, ja the New Orleans
Times-Picayune. "They are simple
soldiers by universal military service law, without choice, in the name
of equality. They look like soldiers,
they are . solditrs, but���a form
crawls among the wounded on the
battlefield at dusk and murmurs: 'I
am a priest. Receive absolution. Be
at peace."
The writer believes that much of
the heroic ourage that has been displayed by the French soldier may _be
traced to the fact that fighting side
by side with them arc these men of
the church.^���The Literary Digest.
Comfort for ihe Dyspeptic���There
is no_ ailment ��o harassing and exhausting as_ dyspepsia, which arises
fiom defective action of the stomach
and liver, and the victim of it is to
be pitied. Y��t lie can find ready relief in ParmclcVs Vegetable Pills, a
preparation thai has established itself by years o? effective usc. There
are pills that ����_re widely' advertised
as the greatest tver compounded, but
not one of them can rank in value
with Parmcleft'f;.
Many mothers have reason lo bless
Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator,
because it has relieved the little ones
of suffering and made them healthy.
The Feeding Margin
An Import, nt Factor in Profit From
Ft-eding Steers
Autos on Prairie Farms Tbe di_f?��:rcicc between    the    pur-
At different farmers' gatherings in chase prv_��: *nd selling price of an
Western Canada this.vear everv con- j!mm;}' t1"' c',F!cd ,.he tnargin of pro-
veyancc at the place was an au'tomo- ll- . lh_T1" " ,!*��aly estimated on the
bile. In some school districts, it is bas,s of.' 'VS"".. "vc weight. Thus
said that everv farmer owns an .utto.! ? marffin cf $l.s0 means that the
And in Ontario the number of cars ! fcc.dc,r retr.^d S1,-'0 1?" hundred-
owned bv farmers is surprising. Ati^0.1?'1,1 "f?Pc for tIlc aninla'-5 t��an hc
a York Countv picnic of the Holstein i p?ul.for u,":r'.
Money in Sheep
Profitablenea* of Sheep Raising   on
Snail Farms
An instance of the success that can
be attained ia sheep raising on small
farms in Altcrta is given in the case
of Mr. H. SJkes, who has a 320-acrc
farm some ttai miles northeast of
Castor, Albot'ta. As a beginning Mr.
Sykcs secured sixty head of sheep
four years af.'o. In the two succeeding years hi raised about 100 lambs
and sold se*en old ewes. At lambing time thi' year his flock increased
100 per cept, in adition to which he
had his w<^l clip, which he sold on
the co-ope*ativc plan. With wool
selling at more than sixty cents a
pound and yearly wethers at from
$12 to_$l3 a hundredweight, it is
r.ot difnciTH to realize how profitable
sheep rau'ng in Alberta is to the
imall farrier.
This fanner runs his sheep on the
summer-fallowed land to cut out the
weeds. Ift winter he keeps them in
good order by giving them a good
feed of t>rairie hay in the morning,
with gre<n feed in the evening, while
during the day they pick around the
straw stack: A shed of poles, covcr-
I cd witi straw, with an open front
��� scrvea ;ts a protection from the wind.
Minimize The Fire
Peril By Using
EDDY'S
Chemically Self-ExtiDfuiihuif
"Silent 500s"
The Matches With "No
Afterglow"
EDDY is the only Canadian
maker of these matches, every
stick of which has been treated
with a chemical solution which
positively ensures the match"
becoming dead wood once it
has been lighted and blown
out.
Look for ths words "Chemically self-extinguishing" on the
box.
r .������
You Look As YOU FEEL
You know well enough when your liver is loafing.
CONSIlPiVSION }&3&E2Z��2!50:'
Your skin soon gets t*ie bad news, it
grows dull, yellow. ��juddy and unsightly.
Violent purgative* ,re not what you
coed���just the gc*.tie help of this old*
time  standard   -emedy.
Small Pill,  .frr__all Dose, Small Price,
- Genuine
bear*
e:cnxt-jra
St&z**i?^&&z^
ABSENCE of Iron in the
x *- Blood is the reason for
(ul  results   in   catarrhal  condition.-;      5c_-
te.tiuioiiiais,   tree.
F,   J.   CU__N1_V   &   CO.,   Prop-..    _.,:<;__.   <J
AU  i_>ru_ii_i-:__   ".'���=.
_____���*   ;-. ��������� ���_���-    ! -  -��� -���:���-;'-.on.
Ship's Fin** Kg hi
Against Plunger
Boatswain of French    Vessel    Gets
li ; the Legion of Honor; :";  .
���' ���.-The French .minister of marine has
' coinmended in    navy      orders     'the
i 'French sailing -vessel "Kleber, of "HI
tuns,-.which'..on 'September 1 stood.up
i to, a biy- ��� l-cr-man. submarine  Oil   the
coast-.south'.-pf  l.fitanny-aud. plie*.) a
; single-, gtin SO.-.w-yU' th..-.-. __���_,'__���. OJ'i'oiicnt
;;retrca,t..ed;-';-'di;3c6nif:;:-i;dJ;''afler   . __t.irec
| j;hours."of 'Stirring- b^ulf.-^;/:*.^'-,;
jj:     Pierre;/^! onser, ��� -I l.ic.V :bo3t'Jwain_
I w-h.o-.iouglii.'.'iiie:s.ii.ip:'.aiter:-.thc _c_i.n_v.n-
|! o'f;: the   Kiebyr-.-.v'.-i's;:;.ki.l!.e.d.;>h3.s .-'' be--'.v'
j decora:t-d;-:W:i:t'.._^ "
''while: the" .i'v;;_.;ly,eri;V.v..ii-.:;'pf'''-tbe"' 'i'cXX [������:���
several'of ;,wI_6m-AV:err:'y-'X'i'-i'.tJc:d; have   v
Breeders over 50 cars were
and these w*rc _.j_ 'y ..:-
ti-.i   v.hcitpesl './-.'i"..  <*;   ���'-.r ��.'.'
���n
present
.-    iv__.au>
.rl:   -������   ;-
The-~an!rM!
! gin j? a y.ry impor.ziit fae;<-.r ���.-' the
���pr-'fit fr._:n feeding ������icrr-. The v :_r-
i __ni j'-qi_Yrcd to broil: uven ".ti 'c-.-dine
.'������   i--"!'its,   ihe   principal   ijr.es   bei-.i:
-.I:    !.<.-    j'\i/ch?se    i.aL^;     ts2)
v..��.__.__. cf *'ie c.-'.ttlc when pureha
i (3) th-.
' the jr.-.'i
���h
tilt-
d;
! the  Must?-"
1      "\a."        replied
i'-VVor:-. -.>.-��.���i * ���
, -_\ -..__���...:.,   .__���_���  fcieal-.-t
. tho  l.-i:  to  yc-i    ho:r
i Star.
.-.il of
Staying With the Job
From   a   Letter   From   ah   English
Officer at the Front
Out here we do not talk > much
about the causes or the effects of
the war���of civilization, justice,
righteousness, democracy. Wc fight
and recuperate and fight again; that
is all.
"Yet no, not quite all; wc dream.
I dream about my wife and children; the cheerful home, with the
pastures and the hedges and the coppice by the lodge gate; the old rector who preached so often upon tho
love of God and always quoted Fab-
cr's hymn:
"For the love of God is broader
Than the measures of man's mind,
And the heart of the eternal
Is most wonderfully kind."
"I suppose it helps in the day's
work���the dreams, I mean; because
wc all seem to feel that unless wc
check the Boche���chain him, cripple
him, kill him���there will bc no home
lo dream about, and the love of God
will mock the world as a double- distilled lie. But no one ever speaks oi
these things. Yesterday I went over
to the hospital to sec one of my men
who was near his end. Poor fellow,
he tried hard to salute, and then
asked me if the results of the football finals had come, yet all the while,
his twitching fingers were crushing a
photograph.
"Although, every last man of us
would mortgage his soul_ to be at
home and out of the horrible welter,
I doubt wit ether a dozen of the entire expeditionary force would go of
their own accord if the chance offcr-
i-.l. One thing holds us all: there ia
work   io  do,  and   we  '!:';���._,,   ������'."*   ' "*'."
-Niiss     (. aycnr.e.
. .-"J   x...     ;.-.     .m.i.. c
'���ore i;    always
_."���Washington
'  !l    13    tiOl
lloz-h
_"    *   --
I      ���
I   !i'A
te,
V ���:
-1
j'.'St ;-'.v\, -;: ; -.i.e.<
ou ear ih io distu.t-t
divide our energy."
.--lac of the feeds used;   (-?>
ii weight made by the ani-
CARTER'S IRON PILLS
many colorless faces but ^__*will greatly help most pale-faced people.
been   given"<:.Wr.r",
'������men"" rs- of -th'e'.vc:
larly :.distingui>l;-v.d-
rt'ccivcd't'hq .���������}.vi'lii..-.
-.Six0ssVs.;....- -. Sh. yen j
C'.y. ���������..'.who particu-'
>i!;;:r:-VS'c.-iv'e_.-';|'r_.IsQ
in'.'adth-
I..
I mals. ,-ird  (5^ the length of the (ectiling pcr-oii.    f.-e higher the r.nrcliasc
price, tie heavier the steer when pur-
J ch.iscti  t'-c  cluarcr  the    feeds,    the
greatfr t'le daily,   gains,    and      the
short'-,- tue feeding period, the smaller ii.'". i-mirgin may be-between    the
purch. se  price, and  the soiling  price
of the cattle, without loss to the fcc'I-
cr.  -Vi-i'th a steer pf paer quality and
t'with   ''iigh-priccd   feeds,   the    'marg-i'ri
Jiims-.  f-.r. necessity .be great, but with
'the '���'t*;.. quality of steers  and -...'.with
i   feeds   the    necessary'-
���he very..sr!__vi!_ u. '*":���-���
eh*
n:.i
vrgin
Old Tea Looks Ail Right
Old^tea and fresh; tea, poor tea and good
tea, all look alike. No wonder a woman
often gets! a bulk tea she doesn't like.
i..VO'.S,VfJ>
I -1
-. !���-
Uon t�� ���tiie";W_ir''::-Cr'
Oa
w.; ,:n.
.'"1152'���
-3.ui'lding ������;..G.arg6'-;-'V_essei-<!'
:'>.it-'c'd:.Str.y'c':s' has" lX3o
.:.-b-v..:ldi-n'g-'.-jo!-.-,be(.a.n..t'
'.!ie:-.Crc?cn't;'.ratc'.'.'of:"<jerina"
!:jfi ���::M':'Ccess.,it-.';:;wrliild '''ircq.uir
,t'\yV���...>' -r rs 'ta,:'sink tlie h... r,l.
th._iy-_t.ini-. l'hc.-."s. .ipyards-" cf..:
nai.ion5;-Av;oi;I(i-Mi;;ive:"I._i:-ic":-
���    ��� _ ..... -._...-. -���.
�����_. r.Q_.:- .'-ie.rc.r7T.. cro;; l��
^���lob-v
.li'li.;..'. At
;������'> n carl v.
X"XX>y
Ii". thou-
Red Rose Tea ia
, the sealed package is
.jalwa3'3::. fresh," always
good,-'-'always.;, worth
the pneeon trie label.
'Kept-Good by the
Sealed Package
Wcgz -_^r^?��c--
^:
to* THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
D-______________~ii��_|_|_M ��i__;-i____-___Ti_i^r-iSCr^_flSa:
THE LEDGE
!?2 a year in Canada,   and   $2.50   in   the
United States.
R. T. LOYVERY.
Editor and Financlei-
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     fi 00
TJstray Notices 3.00
Curds ofThauks     1.00
Certificate of Improvement  10.00
(Where more than one claim appears ir notice, $2.50 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
A Sea-Faring Cat
Two Fishermen of Kei.oiulo,
California, a bench report near Los
.Vngeles, recently came across a
large black cat riding upon a log
five milea out to sea, He seemed
overjoyed at tbe sight of human
beings and quickly left his lonesome craft for fehe boat of his rescuers. The animal wore a collar
with the name "I'tanica" on a
brass plate, but whether it was the
sole survivor of some vessel of that
name or began its solitary voyage
from shore remains unsolved.
���^nannfjamtirwulllMli Ml'lllldl
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
Patriotic Fund
The local Treasurer of the Canadian Patriotic Fund wiphes to acknowledge receipt of the following
subscriptions from November 20tb
to December 17th, 1917:
W. Lakeland  900
Jas Walsh  1000
W, C. Arthurs  5.00
A Legault.  4 35
G. Grosveuor  3 65
P. Mytton   365
J Keady  3 3��
R E. Wolvertou   3 00
V YV George  5 00
Kwoug Lung  __  1000
J. V. Mills .".  5 00
W. R. Dewdney  4.85
T. II, McCurrach  3.70
K. C. B. Frith  3 ����
W P Miller  200
j. Simpson  5 00
W. Elson & Co  300
Greig & Morrison  5 00
J. L. White  600
Lee & Bryan  6 00
T M Gulley & Co  500
J L Coles......  350
II C Lucas  10 00
Hon. J. D. MacLean   20 00
J II Goodeve  10 00
Boundary Police ��� 2320
G B Taylor  3 ����
G. W. A. Smith  2.00
Miss PC Ferguson....  230
Canada Copper Co. Employees... 671 15
J Drum  1000
II. McKee   2 00
Smith & King  250
G. A. Rendell...;  3 00
Ion and Gillis... ,.' 10 00
II McGillivray  5 00
S P Dixon.........  8 00
W Jenks _...-..���.. 3 00
RB Mastertou....  300
CPR Employees...  1030
i--��rji^>.��_Mm=-_j��Pl__...l.T__au.-_..f..|iv^Ti"
CHRISTMAS is COMING
You want the best in
Cigars, Tobaccos, Gum
AND
Chocolates
GANONGS   FANCY   BOXES
At Popular Prices
0.   K.   CIGAR   STORE
R. J. MUIR,      -       -       PROP.
Winter Excursion Rates
TO ALL STATIONS IN
ONTARIO -QUEBEC
THE   MARITIME    PROVINCES
ON     SALE    DECEMBER    1    TO    3I-LIM1T    THREE    MONTHS
Extention of Limit on Additiona1 ?ayment
FARES   FROM GREENWOOD
$102.80
Toronto and all Ontario
points west
$107.80
Montreal and
common points
ASSYAER
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box mioS, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper
$1 each. Gold-Silver, (single assay)
$100. Goid-Silver (duplicate assay)
j.1.50. Silver-Lead fsi.50 Silver-Lead-
Zinc $3.00. Charges for other metals etc
on application.
British Columbia has been
here a long time so has
the B, C. Cigar, Abso-
lutely Guaranteed, Clear
Havana Filled, The Cigar
that never varys.     .    .    .
Have you tried one lately?
WILBERG&W0LTZ
B. C. CIGAR FACTORY
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C
The Knob Hill Hotel
PHOENIX.
One of the largest hotels in
the city.    Beautiful location, .
fine rooms and tasty meals.
A. O. JOHNSON      -      PROP.
LAND   ACT.
$907.45
H. McCURRACH.
Secy-Treas,.
Greenwood Branch.
Officers of the Curling Club
At the---meeting of the CurliDg
Club last Friday the following
officers were elected:
Hon. Pres., Hon. J. D. MacLean,
president, P. W. George.
Vice-President, P. H. McCurrach,
Sec.Treas., C. P. Charlton.
Committee: J. L. Coles, H. W.
Simpson, J. Simpson, and J. L.
White.
Dug Through Stone Wall
Some time early Monday morning, J. A. Miller escaped fron? the
Provincial jail. He was in one of
the inner cells, having beea sent
up on Saturday for stealing. The
bar of the cell was in place, bnt
not locked. Miller was able to lift
this bar, by putting his arm
through the hole in the door. This
gave him access to the outer cell.
With the aid of a piece of a chair,
(the only apparent instrument that
was used) dug a hole in the stone
wall large enough to get through.
The    OOScr    mail* -nt tha Jail ��r-
made of stone, with a plaster covering. This does nob appear to be
very strong, as another prisoner
made his get-a-way by the same
means several years ago. John
Papay who was in the same sell as
Miller was content to stay behind
the bars. So far Miller ha? not
been captured.
Don't Stop
When someone stops advertising,
Someone stops buying-
When someone stops buying,
Someone stops selling.
When someone stops selling,
bomeone stops making,
(When someone stops making,
Someone stops earning.
Everybody stops buying.
Keep going.
I, CYRIL RADAN, of Kerr Creek in
the Shnilka.n'eeu-Division of Yale District, Rancher, intend to apply for permission to lease So acres of laud, bounded as foi lows:���
Commencing at a post planted at the
North-West corner of Lot 20S4S; thence
North 40 chains; thence East 20 chains;
thence South 40 chains; thence West 20
chains to the point of 'commencement,
and containing So acres be the same more
or less.
Dated October 20th, 1917,
CYRIL RADAN.
CORRESPONDING RATES  APPLY   FROM   ALL   KOOTENAY POINTS
MIDWAY AND EAST-NAKUSP AND SOUTH
TICKETS AND BERTH RESERVATIONS FROM ANY AGENT or WRITE
J. S. CARTER, District Passenger Agent, Nelson, B.C.
Mazda Tungsten Lamps
15 to 40 Watt Lamps���50c each.
60 Watt Lamps���75c each.
100 Watt Lamps���$1.25 each.
nitrogeS^ -
LAMPS
60 Watts
100     "
200    ������
$1,25 each
2.00  ��
3.50 �����
STORAGE BATTERIES
CHARGED and REPAIRED
ELECTRIC
VDLCANHING
Greenwood City Waterworks Co.
EVERYTHING ELECTRICAL
DON'T FORGET YOUR FRIENDS  ON   CHRISTMAS.
What is more pleasant than a cheery word on Christmas
Day? The telephone enables you to extend best wishes to all
your friends. The telephone gives to the message a personal
sentiment that is appreciated.
Telephoning to your friends is the same as a visit. You
need not trouble abouttthe distance���the telephone will carry
your voice tones anywhere.
Transmit youfmessage personally on Christmas.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY, Ltd-
CANADIAN
Notice of Cancellation of Reserve
Notice is hvruti; (ri.cn that the reserve cov-
eriitp. certain lands in the vicinity of Nicholson
Creelc, Siniilkamccn IliviMon of Yale District,
formerly held under Timber License No. 27545.
by reason of a notice published in the British
Columbia.Gazette 611 the 27tl_ of December 1907,
is cancelled.
G. R. NADEN,
Deputy -Minister of Lands.
Dcpnrt.netit.of .Lands,.Victoria, Ii..C.
Dece'n.'jer 12tt_, .]on'.:"
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations.
COAL mining rights of the Dominion
in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the
Province of-British Columbia, may be
leased for a term of twenty-one years
renewable for a further term of 21 years
at an animal rental of _��� 1 an acre. Not
more than 2,560 acres will be leased lo
one applicaut.
Application for a lease must be made
bv the applicant in person to tlie Agent
or bUD-Agent m --���  ->--.  :-. :- ...i.,���L ..,,_
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the laud must be
described bv sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, aud in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by tbe applicaut himself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of fo which will be refundad ll
the rights applied for are not available
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents Der ton.
The persan operating the mine shall
inrnish the Ageut with sworn return-
accounting for the fail" quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalt}
thereon:- If the coal mining rights are
not being operated, such returns should
be furnished at leas! once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only.
For full information application should
be made to the Secretary of tlie Department of the Interior, Ottawa, Or to am
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
\V. V. CORY,
Deput> Minister of the IuterioT.
N.   B.-- Unauthorized  publication of
this advertisement: will not be paid for.
Christmas -New Year's
Local   Excursion   Fares
ROUND TRIP-FIRST CLASS
TO  AND  FROM  ALL  STATIONS  ON   WESTERN LINES
Tare and One-Third
ON SALE DECEMBER 22to25 AND DECEMBER 29 to JANUARY 1
RETURN LIMIT JANUARY 4
Special      (Teachers, Students and
Concessions)   Commercial Travelers
Tickets
ASK  FOR   DETAILS
From AH Agents and Pursers Kootenai
Steamers. Conductors will sell Excursion
Tickets from Flair Stations.
J. S. CARTER, District Passenger .Agent, Nelson, B.C.
mmmamaamnnmmmmmmmmmmlm
^^4<^&&&4'^^*$'4'4�� i*4,^'it,4,4*4>4'4,*i*��ft*4<K
Cbe Bttme fiatel
llelson, B*��*
The only up4cvdate Hotel in the interior,
in every respect,
First-class
CENTRALLY LOCATED
ffvi i�������-*-.SU-M.'.
*^-steam Heat and Telephone in
each room.
ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATHS.
CUISINE AND SERVICE THE BEST
First Class Bar and Barber Shop
15   SAMPLE ROOMS
>_TE
Steam Heated;  Electric  Lighted.
RATES 51.00 per day and up; European Plan.
Bus Meets all Trains and Boats.
4
*
*
&.f.fr.f.*.f..fr��f.*��|.**.f.f..f..$_ ^^^^.^.^.^^.^jg
TULAMEEN HOTEL
Princeton,  B.  C.  is  the   head
quarters   for   miners,   investor^
?nd railroad men.    A  fine loca
tion and everything first-class
J. r*. M��cPHERSOK, Proprietor
HOTEL PRINCETON
v Princeton, B.C., new completed on the
site of the old Great Northern. Only
brick hotel in Similkameen. A first
class house,
Swanson ": Broomfield. Props,-
"Over The Top'9
Nature has made British Columbia rich and
beautiful The waters that run through and
surround it, are teeming with edible fish, include
ing clams, Its lofty sky/scraping mountains are
filled with almost every known mineral, while
the yellow power of earth^gold, it hides amid the
sands of many a creek. Its fertile valleys and
hillsides contain millions of acres that are doing
nothing to go "OVER THE TOP/' for lack of
cultivation* Its forests of gigantic trees are the
envy of the world* The scenery is grandly
magnificient, while the climate contains the ozone
that puts pep into the human frame, filling it with
life, health and energy*
With all these advantages this Province
should have millions of happy people within its
confines, and yet it has a scant 40,000* Then
sings the little bird in the tree* "What's The
Matter With B, G"
Nothing, except that it is like many a
business man. It does not advertise, or does
not know how. Turn on the ^ bright light of
effective and suggestive advertising, until all
the world thinks and talks about this glorious
B. C., the brightest gem in the cluster of
Canada's provincial diamonds. Get a move
on, go over the top, waving your flag and
blowing your cornet in front of the millions
that have not yet been "swiped" by the red
hand of Mars.
In the meantime do not fall to boost your
own business by dropping a soul-touching,
money getting ad into Greenwood's Leading
Excitement. Come across with enthusiasm
and plenty of printer's ink, and the public
will shell you with dollars, until you grow
tired picking them up. If you are wise, you
will always advertise, in
THE LEDGE
and get your job printing at the same office.
5-
bSmhrb
__��__��

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