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The Ledge May 31, 1917

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THE  OLDEST   MINING  CAMP  NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Vol.   XXIII.
GREENWOOD, B. C.i;��� THURSDAY, MAY 31,  1917.
No.yte'
LET US SHOW YOU THE
COMING FLOOR COVERING
Made in Sizes Similar to Carpet Squares
We also have it in two yard widths, same as
Linoleum,   only at lower price   per yard.
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
New location���Russell-Law Caulfield Building
PHONE 28        X        GREENWOOD, B. C.
fytyjpJfr$yifcJ^rty!friZf*Zp42t>^^
THOROUGHLY   RENOVATED AND SPECIALLY
ADAPTED FOR COMMERCIAL TRADE
THE WINDSOR HOTEL ia one of the best furnished
hotels in the west. It is located in the heart of Greenwood and within easy reach of all the financial and
commercial, institutions of the Copper Metropolis.
Heated with Steam and Lit by Electricity
Commodious sample rooms. The bar is reploto with
all modern beverages and the meals are the best. Rooms
reserved by telegraph.
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The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
. Offices,- Smelling and .Refining Department
TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
TADANAC BRAND PIO LEAD, BLUESTONE, COPPER AND SPELTER
^��^��^��^��^S^��^��^��^��^��^��^��^��^S��^&^��^��^^^��^��^^ <5__HK<S^��^
P. BURNS & CO.
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Pisji
aud Poultry. Shops in nearly all the
towns jof the Boundary and Kootenay.
COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B.C.
The Telephone Is A Daylight Saver
Saving daylight is a' big topic.at this time of the  year.
Everyone endeavors to make the  most of the daylight hours.
-In these moilern times, life each day is fuller, and each  hour
1   must mean far more than it did yesterday.
. There is no better aid to daylight saving Hum the telephone.
Nothing can help you more to make each successive hour of
greater value.
Whether your telephone one mile or one hundred miles,
it is all the tame.   The telephone saves you hours.    It lcngth-
' ens your day, giving you time for many things.
BRITISH COLUMBIA. TELEPHONE COMPANY, Ltd
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
! WAIXSR, C.V.O., LLJX D-CX., President
JDmi JUttT.. Ciiwit THiiriinir.r H- V. *. JONES. Au't General Manager
CAPITAL, $15,000,000    RESERVE FUND, SI 3,500,000
BANKING BY MAIL
'   Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank
of Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the Sawe
careful attention as is given to all other departments of the Bar��k's
-*^, business.   Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as
satisfactorily as by a personal visit to the Bank. *��s
SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
H. C. LUCAS. Manager
Toucjft JJp
W-_V_>B---HK_*^---M_____MMa-^____^-.__H_M__H>___Ml
LUBRICATE
��� FOR���'
Paints, Oils, 'Greases,
Coal Oil, Gasoline,
BICYCLE SUPPLIES
FOR VALUES WE HAVE THEM
A. L. WHITE
FURNITURE  AND HARDWARE
F��R
CASiES
^ PASTRY^
William C. Arthurs t
THE BREAD AND CAKE BAKER
Greenwood City Bakery
H. McKEE
GREENWOOD
COAL AND WOOD
AGENT FOR      .
LETHBRIDGE COAL
Heavy Teaming
of all kinds
Christian Science service will be held
in the MELI.OR BLOCK on Sunday at xi
a. m. All -welcome. Every Wednesday
at 8 p. m., testimonial meetings will be
held in the same block. Sunday School
every Sunday morning.
WANTS. ETC.
For Sai/E.���Two thoroughbred
young roosters. R. I. Kedp, Spokane stock. Apply to Mr..
Sidney Smith, Mother L .de.
For Sale.���A first-class letterpress for S3. Apply at The
Ledge office.
For Sale.���A 10 horse power
stationary engine. Applv to A.
D. Morrison, Grand Forks.
Rooms to Rent.���Free baths &
modern conveniences. Swayne
House, Silver street..
To Printers ���A few cases,
rack and fonts of type for sale.
Ledge office.
Get a K-ootenav Standard at
the O. K. Cigar Store.
Pigs For Sale
Ten shoatS'from 3 to 5 mouths
old. 1 large Berkshire sow with
8 small at foot. .2 sows coming
iu at 15th and 30th, July. 1 pure
breu v-onr (Poll. China) one year
old.- Apply u, sr Robinson,
Rock Creek.
Mine For Lease
The Prince Henry mine is
equipped with an electric hoist,
and can be "eased upon reasonable terms. Apply for further
information to
G. A. RENDELL,.
Greenwood, b.c.
Cook Potatoes Right
Approximately 20 per cent, of
each potato pared by ordinary
household methods is lost in the
pocess. The loss includes much
and sometimes all of tbe portion
of the tuber containing important
soluble .salts Potatoes that are
boiled and baked in th-'ir skins
lo?e practically, none of their food
value.
The Labor situation in the
Northern Ontario mining camps is
coming to a head. The miners'
union has; sent ont letters to all
the mine managers asking them to
Around Home
The strike at Republic has not
yet been settled.
Mis. Isaac Crawford, of Carmi,
is in the hospital. -
Bill Toates was visiting friends
in Eholt last week
Mips Gladys McCreath is visiting friends at Curlew.
Dr.   Arnott   is   moving    from
Kelowna.to Salmon Arm.
R. A. Brown reports business
brisk at his Midway store.
D. L. McElroy has finished
shipping poles from Spencer.
Dr. Brouse has returned to
New Denver from a trip to Japan.
W. Powers is shipping lumber
from Midway   to the  Northwest.
Jim Canning, formerly of
Princeton, died in St. Paul last
week.
There are 550 women on the
voters list ia the Grand Forks
riding.
A special train carried many
people to** Grand- Forks ou Victoria Day.
Mr. aud Mrs. John McLaughlin
of Phoenix motored to Princeton
last week. ^
Frank Stevenson is again running on one of the Boundary express trains.
Last Thursday the Americans
captured Bridesville, and drank
all the beer in sight.
Miss E. Olson has returned  to.
the city  from  attending. Normal
school in Vancouver.
Donald Smith has secured a
position as junior clerk in the
Educational Department at Victoria.
Recently L. F. Billups of
Bridesville was operated on for
appendicitis in the Oroville hospital.
Miss May Lyden, of Grand
Forks, was the guest of Mrs. A.
J. Grenier, on the 'first of the
week.
WEfleT. AT" MacMaster Ts at
the coast, Neil Robertson is in
command of the Union" Hotel at
Eholt.
F. J. Longworth went to
Seattle on Monday, to look up a
coke supply  for the Greenwood
smelter.
E. _J. Roberts came in from
Spokane on Monday, on business
in connection with the King
Solcman mine.
Wesley Connell departed for
the coast a few days ago. He
will take up his residence in one
of the seaside cities,
The government telephone line
between Merritt and Princeton
will be rebuilt this year. The
distance is 73 miles.
Several tons of concentrates
were recently shipped from Copper Mountain, near Princeton, to
the Greenwood smelter.
It is thought that the dead
man, found under a C. P. R.
bridge near Shields last week, was
a brother of Herb Neil.
A new strike carrying $70 a
ton in gold and silver, has been
made on the Phil Sheridan mine,
between Chesaw and Republic.
John-P. Griffiilh has been appointed chief executive officer for
the Forestry department of the
district between Carmi and Paulson.
H. W. Farmer, formerly of
Rotk Creek, is now squadron
sergeant.major of the Fort Garry
Hor<if._ at Tuxedo camp, Winnipeg.
Send one dollar to Walter o.
Kennedy, Trail, B. C, and receive cue of those fatnoua John
Cotton pipes: two shapes^ bent
and straight.
In St, Catherines, Ontario,
Judge W, R. Williams sustained
a fall last month, breaking two
ribs. He is fairly fit again, and
is ready to take another spin at
the wheel.
At a baseball game in Phoenix
on Sundav,  the Single  Men defeated  the  Married  Men.   by   a
score ot 9 to 22.    Tbe
very funnv to a large
spectators..
Don't miss Charlie Chaplin in
���'The Fireman'"  ~
2nd.    A   scream   from   start   to
finish,    "Trilby"   at   the   Star
Theatre,    Tuesday,    June    Sth
Featuring   the    beautiful
talented Clara Kimball Young
A play that all should see.
Rev. J. T. Ferguson, D. D., of
Calgary, will conduct the service in the Presbyterian church,
Greenwood, Snnday next, June
3rd, at 11 a. m. He will preach,
7:30 p. m , in the
Phoenix.    Mr. Munro
Titles in Canada
The whole business of bestowing
titles in this country is open to the
objection that such things .are out
of harmony with the  spirit of the
country.    And besides, these honors and decorations when they are
not entirely meaningless,   are misleading.     They  are  said  to have
come   from    the    Sovereign,   the
fountain of honor, and are paraded
before the public as the Sovereign's
recognition   of   public   service   of
great   value.     The   truth   is,   of
course, that the Sovereign has probably never heard of the names of
many of the  candidates  until the
list has been presented to him, and
that often enough the titles are rewards of a kind  of  service which
conld  not safely  bo mentioned in
public.     Occasionally   men    who
have become  eminent  in  science,
art,   literature,   politics   or other
fields of endeavor are selected for
distinction, aud if titles  were restricted to such use there would be
little objection,  but the value  of
titles so bestowed  is  utterly   destroyed  by the bestowal of other
titles for no public service that can
be recognized and no service at all
that    can    be     mentioned.���The
Woodstock Sentinel-Review.
Western Float
game was
number of
More Sheep���More Wool
Fur may have been one of British Columbia's richest resources in
the past, but undoubtedly wool
has taken precedence for the present and as far into the future as
anyone can see. Generations of
study, experimenting and every
day work has brought the sheep
husbandry to Hts 'present high
pitch in England, America and the
Antipodea. It Is increasingly
evident that this subject demands
much more attention than it is at
present receiving. Wool must he
produced, not merely as a source
of wealth, .but as one of the prime
necessities of all classes. Let
those who advocate stringent game
laws understand that in no way is
fur to encroach upon wool. It
must be recognized that necessity
demands a most rigorous protection of wool producers, and indifference to any factor operating to
the prejudice of this branch of
animal husbandry is nothing short
of a crime. One of the first essentials is the collection pf accurate
statistical data of wool production
from year to year, with information as to cause of decrease, where
such exists.
The Interior of British Wool
Growers Association is working on
these lines and asks the co-operation of everyone interested in the
subject.
Data is being compiled and will
be used in a vigorous campaign to
promote the increase of sheep, the
production and satisfactory marketing of wool in the interior of
this province.
Information and enquiries should
be sent to the secretary, old court
house, Kamloops.
Was She Marrying the Car?
A young woman of Toronto had
the chance of her life���to get married. A gay young blood met her
in the office where Bhe worked,
made a date with her for that
night, took her for a joy ride in a
car which he had practically stolen,
proposed to her and  was accepted 1
Still in an Stacey, the young man,
appointed himself a Lieutenant in
the Canadian Expeditionary Force,
and garbed  in his chosen uniform
prepared   to   flit   to   the   United
.States  with his bride to be, the
Saturday, June nest ni-ghfe#
request of the owners of the car,
and I arrested Stacey and saved  the girl
from her folly.
was the girl marrying? The car,
or the uniform?Pos8ibIy there is
some drab young fellow in the
background who works for a salary, wears black socks, doesn't
smoke cigarettes,
nioctfin conference  with  delegatr e J the same day
thov  have appointed.    They g_vejcuurcn at   i~�����~ ,_,.&_..v..��*��,   _*���
the'min,   managers until  tbe 31st I Jeft Monday, the  28th   on a visit -liSt a   w or  m 	
...             .   b                     .        .to Montreal  to  attend  the Gen-    l.     / ..         j      ._...           ,._    meats of fruit and vegetables for
of this month  to  reply,  and en-.eral Assemblj of  the  Pres3yler: |9^��er,��� ��d writes:��P*^J��LMiBO,.l917 arV%_xpected to
[closed a  schedule   of wages   that jan church.    He   expects   to   be n^ mother���but he haent sot the! :-  _j��� ...���_.__i__.��_i.____i._._.j   _.   	
i they consider equitable.
i home June 23rd.
?peed.
In Alberta the elections will be
held on June 7.
There will be no training camp
in Vernon this year.
Last JuDse there were 553,860
people living in Manitoba.
The 12th of July will be celebrated in North Vancouver.
Early in July the elections will
take place in Saskatchewan.
One rancher in the Okanagan
bas 100 acres planted in tomatoes.
This month, Charles Cooney
died on his ranch near Tranquille.
The fear of being ridiculed makes
thousands act like sheep instead of
men.
At Trail the Doukhobors are
putting up a brick building, at a
cost of $14,000. I
There will soon be a tea famine
in B. C, but we will always have
plenty of water.
In Rossland last week, the wife
of Dr. Coffin was painfully injured
in an auto accident.,
There are 23 firemen in Kaslo.
The town has had no blaze of any
importance since 1894.
Dan Taylor is visiting Nelson
uf ter an absence of 20 years. He
first came to Nelson in 1889.
At Calgary 400 people have volunteered to act as fruit pickers in
Kootenay, if there services are required.
Some people in Alberta, are always willing to hit the Peace River
country, with their little knocking
hammer.
If tbe price of food continues to
ascend, some people will have to
content themselves with a tango
breakfast.
Canning factories at the coast
are paying as high as nine cents a
pound for black, and six cents for
red currants.
In Denmark only four per cent,
beer is permitted to be sold. This
kind of beer is less injurious than
tea or cofiee.
Ted Bernstein of Cedar, discovered a panther stealing his chickens, and killed the animal with a
piece of rock.
Rossland had some snow on May
16.    The   people  in   that   town
C. Mines
ehould get a long pole and brush ife m effect npon industrial oon
*!___ __*._-i<____ ��-.<�� *l__�� __,������.��. r ������-.�����-__.��    -_-_____.
the spots off the sun.
George McL Brown has been
appointed assistant director of
transportation in connection  with
the British War Office.
___
Kaslo has celebrated May 25 for
26 times, and will do it a few more
times, unless an earthquake destroys that pretty burg.
Wm. Ciiffe, formerly of Sandon,
and Miss Josie Hardy, of Kaslo,
were married in Spokane last week.
They will live in Ainsworth.
Recently in Cumberland 26
Chinks were arrested for gambling.
One was fined $100, and the others
let out on suspended sentences.
John D. Moore is once more-road
superintendent for the Kaslo riding. Jack is one of the very best
road and trail men in the province.
A soldier Tom Kier, was killed
in a drunken brawl at Kamloops
last week. Pte��� J.' J. Casey, formerly of Golden was arreBted upon
a charge of murder.
This summer it will take more
than 10,000 railway cars, to transport tho musk melon crop of California. The greater portion of
this crop is grown in the Imperial
valley.
Sir Richard McBride will probably return to his native province
in August. He had to resign his
position in London as age it-general owing to a severe and dangerous attack of nephrites.
Owing to the scarcity of potatoes,
rice has to a large degree been substituted in many parts of tbe
States. And the demand for rice
has bo increased in British Columbia that the wholesale price jumped
$25 a ton in two days last week.
The way of cooking rice properly
is simply to boil with such a quantity of salted water that the grain
tumbles freely about. It it not
then tbe soggy, unappetizing mass
we usually know at home, bnt a
beautiful snowy pile, each grain
standing well separated from its
fellows.
Last year the total shipments of
�����������'���'..���."____���-. ��� .�� _^ �����
The police   interferred;   at the produce from the Okanagan over
the C.P.R. lines came to 3037 cars,
of which 1612 cars were apples,
275 cars of other fruit, and 1149
cars of vegetables,  etc.    In  1913
Now the question remains, what the output was 1492 cars, of which
449 were apples, 417 other fruit,
and 626 vegetables. Had last year
been an average one for peaches,
apricots and other soft fruits tbe
total wonld have been swelled by
at least 500 cars as there were 753
makes his hat care of these fruits snipped in 1915
poiisbps his '** *^nst_ 275 in 1916.    The ship-
Some smelters will use powdered
coal instead of coke.
R. R. Hedley recently inspected
several claims near Merritt.
The Northport smelter is getting
its coke from Pennyslvania.
Mining men are after the Boson,
and other Slocan properties.
Lead is higher in price juBt now
than it bas been in 102/years.
It is reported, that there will be
some mining at Poplar Creek this
year.
The Addition to the acid plant,
at the Trail smelter has been completed.
So far tbis year the Sullivan in
East Kootenay, has shipped over
50000 tons of ore.
A California company will use-a
gold dredge on French creek, in
the Big Bend tbis year.
The miners in the Slocan and
Ainsworth districts, want their
wages raised 50 cents a shift.
Gardner and Mansfield- are
working a bunch of claims, between Stump Lake and Quilchena.
M. S. Davys has returned, to
Kaslo from California, 50 pounds
heavier than when he went south.
It is likely that a zinc plant will
be built in Spokane. A Nelson
man has been offered a position
with the company.
Several mining companies have
begun operations in the Burnt
Basin district, near Paulson, abont
50 miles east of Greenwood.
A company has been formed in
Spokane, to work a group of gold
claihis near Paulsen. Dr. Coffin
located these claims in 1896..
Owing to a lack of coke, tbe
Greenwood smelter will likely
close down about the 6th of June.
The coal strike is far reaching in
ditions.
In the Cariboo, S. J. Marsh has
formed a company to work the
Don Killam-property at Cottonwood Mouth. Machinery and
other equipment is being brought
from Denver, Colorado.
At the Inland Empire, four
miles from Paulson, 16 men were
employed all winter. This ia a
gold and silver property, and ilia
likely that a tram to the railway
will be built this summer.
Last-year tbe Greenwood smelter
made a profit of $215,305, after
writing off $235,238 for depreeift-
tion. The production last year
was 12,366 ounces of gold, 49,929
ounces of silver, and 5,196,289
ponnds of copper.
It is planned to at once open np
the Soho claim, of tbe Soho group,
in the MoGuigan basin through an
early day shaft, and if the proving
up turns out to be satisfactory, to
go lower down the hill and drive a
drift on the lead, which will give a
depth of about 350 feet above the
shaft. The Soho claim adjoins the
Rambler-Cariboo group on the
west, and from the shaft which
was put down in the early days
two 15-ton cars of high grade ore
were extracted. Ore is said to be
showing in the shaft It is abont
85 feet in depth and it is planned
to drift in from it and prove np the
ore body, so as to learn definitely
its extent. If it proves to be.of
any consequence, then a drift is to
started at Kelly's old campsite, a
quarter of a mile below the upper
workings of the Rambler, and run
in, upraise and connect with the
Dotcom of tbe shaft. On the Tom
Moore claim, another one of the
Sobo gronp, considerable development was done last eeatwn, bnt
nothing startling resulted. It is
intended to continue this work
during the coming summer, according to Mr. Ryan, and the indications are reported as being
favourable for the opening op of
an ore shoot.���Kaslo Kootenaian,
Tbis season   25,000    crator of
 r .strawberries   will   be  shipped) t��
meats of fruit and vegetables for I Vancouver, and 12,000 to Vieteno,
.      - -;---,-  ~r i by the growers at Gordon Head.
ron m the neighborhood of 4000 The average crop at Gordon Head
care. ���Vernon News. {is 400 crates to tbe
acre. THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
$2 a year in Canada,   and   $2.50   in  the
United States.
n. t. LO-vrcnY.
Editor and Financier
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     6.00
Application Liquor Licenses       5.00
Transfer Liquor Licenses    7.50
Rstray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks     1.00
Certificate of Improvement  10.00
(Where more than one claim appears ii- notice, $2.50 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line fust insertion, and S cents a line for
eacli subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Women And Face Powders
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
Ttn. high price of bacon  has  no
terror for the average Jew.
Exercise is  a great enemy to
tho financial welfare of physicians
Nkveb mind the grass this year,
but be sure and put up a sign reading, "Keep off the Potatoes."
How will conscription affect the
Doukhobor?? Will they have to
leavo the country, or join the
army?
Cigarette-Smoking Women
London, April 20, (by mail.)-
English girls ars so hopelessly
addicted to cigarettes that psychologists fear the nation will have to
pay tbe price in a new generation
of rickety, weedy children. The
long bearded sages may be right in
what they say, but nobody seems
to care. Falling birth rate and
the fearful national consequences
of infant mortality impress the
public mind far less than a 2-cent
rise on a popular brand of cigar
ettes.
An athletic young woman who
tames American horses for army
remounts claims she can quit
smoking whenever she wants to.
So far, it seems, Bhe hasn't wanted
to quit, for she outsmokes her own
brother who spends his time in the
trenches. When this girl began
work she was knitting socks for
soldiers, and it was not until she
began taming horses that she fell
for the kind the grand duke
smokes.
3STo man who knows enough to
take his spoon out of his cup will
think of passing up the ladies when
he offers cigarettes with after-dinner coffee. He is bound to give
them a chance to turn down proffered pill, if any of them are non-
smokers. Women smoke as much
as men in the restaurants and in
the loungerpoms of hotels.
Maybe that would appear to be
a mere foible of the girls; but it
isn't. Though there is still some
natural timidity about smoking on
the street, it is nothing unusual to
observe a number of girls seated
in the snbway smoking cars with
cigarettes at their lips.
Several government offices and
business firms employing girl
clerks have set aside smooking
rooms for their benefit and in the
tea rooms scattered everywhere
about London women patronize
the smoking room almost as regn
llary as do the men.
Before the war it was the polite
thing to ask whether the ladies
objected if the men smoked. Today a physician in a munition-
making area reports that fourteen
girls have come to him for treatment for tobacco heart. His investigation proved to him that
women and girls of every class are
addicted to the cigarette habit.
Munition girls even smoke pipes
and the prevalence of the tobacco
craving is indicated by the fact
that in three weeks women munition workers paid total fines Of $750
for carrying matches on their
clothing while at work in danger
ous factories.
The physician lectured his patients cm the evil physical effects of
smoking and reminded them that
the nation looks to their kind to
become the mothers of the new
race. But cigarettes are haady
and the craving is Btrong while
posterity seems to be a long way
cff. So the English girl smokes
almost whenever, wherever and as
much as she wants.:���By J. \V.
I'egler, United Press staff correspondent.
The question of preparedness
and conservation of toud Is going
on with unabated severity. It has
now reached the women, who may
be put on short supplies of face
powder in order to save the rice
from which the beautifier is made.
Word has been received from
France that the women there were
facing this fate and while it caused
some consternation in the various
club gatherings of New York
women, they received the news
stoically and resolved to do the
best they could  for their country.
It is estimated that 100,000
rations of rice have gone into one
day's material used for French
complexions, and if every woman
in the United States stopped using
rice face powder, there would be
enough rations thus saved to feed
the first 500,000 soldiers needed
for France.
One woman who was reluctant
to become a shiny nosed member
of society said: "But if rice is to
be saved for food and its use for
anything besides rations is prohibited, corn starch would do just
as well." As corn starch has advanced sharply in price she'll probably have to resort to talcum
powder.
About White Bread
Draft In The Civil War
When first enforced during the
civil war in the United States conscription was met with serious
opposition, and, in some places,
with riotous disturbance. But the
draft was soon taken as a matter
of ennrsp, aud ��� incidents arising
from it furnished material for the
newspaper paragraphers and writers of the lighter popular songs,
one of which, put into the mouth
of an old-fashioned mother who
pacredly preserved her boy's trousers, had a chorus with a lively
swing to it which ran:
"This is the pants that he used to wear,
The same old hole and the very same
tear;
But Uncle Sam gave  him a bran' new
pair
WViim.  .._> -Tt-aftpi-l ..-t-u itlto the arniy."
Mr. Slice O'Bread
I am a slice of bread.
I measure three inches by two
and a half, and my thickness is
half an inch.
My weight is exactly one ounce.
I am wasted once a day by 48,-
000,000 people in Britain.
I am the "bit left over1'; the
slice eaten absent-mindedly when
really I wasn't needed; I am the
waste crust.
If you collected me and my companions for a whole week you
would find that we amounted to
9,389 tons of good bread���WASTE1
Two shiploads of good bread.
Almost as much���striking an
average���as 20 German submarines
could sink���even if they had good
luck.
When you throw me away or
waste me you are adding 20 submarines to the German navy.���
Exchange. *fc
Not Receiving
Caller:    "Is   your   husband   in
Mrs. Maguire?"
Mrs. Maguire:    "Yissor."
Caller:   "I'd  like to see hini."
Mrs.  Maguire:    "Ye can't sor.
He's in for three mon.hp."
Alberta has practically disfranchised the soldier voters. The 30,000
men oversea may vote in the election about to take place, but these
���votes, will'Only be counted for two
ridings. These two are created
for the soldiers, who will vote for
two members and no more, and so
wield an insignificant influence on
the general result. On the other
hand Alberta has, by special legislation, left the eleven members
serving overseas in possession of
their seats. The dissolution of the
Legislature does not apply to them,
and they will remain members.
It's The Truth
The  first physicians by debauch were
'-���.;';_:-;:. made; ������'"���:
Exceis began and sloth sustains the trade.
By : chase our long-lived fathers earn'd
.   ���     their food;
Toil strung the nerves, and  purified   the
blood;
But we their sons a pamper'd race of men,
Are dwindled down to threescore years
and ten,
Better to hunt in  fields for health un-
bought
Than   fee   the   doctor   for- a .nauseous
draught,
The wi>e for cure on exercise depend:
God  never made his  work fox  man to
njend.
���John Dryden.
Editor The Ledge
Sir:
In your issue of May 3rd
appears an article entitled "Whole
Wheat" wbich contains some very
erronous statements, which I take
upon my self to refute. It is rank
folly to speak of hygienic necessity
of using whole wheat as a staple
article of diet. If the hygienic
properties of bread are to be considered and the scientific opinion
of men who have investigated the
problem, are worth anything, the
use of whole wheat iB not to be-
advised. White flour is absolutely
pure from a bacteriological standpoint, while whole wheat contains
the outside shell which is impossible to clean even with our most
modern milling system. Further
the retention of the germ in the
flour gives a tendency to rancidness and an acidity in bread. Both
from a saitary and economic standpoint white bread is superior to
whole wheat. Roughly, food is
valued in accordance with its full
contents, which is figured in calories. From Dr. E. A. Locke's
book "Food Values," we find that
using a pound as a basis brown rye
bread has 1.180 calories; graham,
1,210 cal.; whole wheat, 1.140 cal.,
and ordinary white bread 1,215
cal. Professors J. C. Summers
says that "all of the vitamine is
not separated from the white
flour." Yeast as used in bread
making is the richest source of
vitamines, and that which is lost
in the milling process is more than
replaced by that in the yeast.
Water and all other foods consumed contain abundance of mineral matter required by the body.
Professor Snyder says: "Flour
should be good and clean. Dark
flours owe their color to the dust
and impurities they contain. These
impurities, imparting a dark color,
add nothing to the food value, but
tend to make the flour unclean,
from a Banitary point of view.
That whiteness or creamy tinge is
an insignia of cleanliness." Numerous experiments carried out in
different countries show that nutriments in whole wheat are not so
completely digested aB in tbe white,
as the small branny particles cause
the food to pass through the system
too quickly as they are bowel irritants and often cause intestinal
disorders. A cow or a fowl can
digest the bran aB the one has a
fermenting tank and the other a
gizzard. Snyder says "bran is a
good animal food, but not a human
food.'' And that after more than
ten years during which he earned
on investigations for the TJ. S.
Department of Agriculture to determine the relative digestibility
of white and brown bread and
their nutritive value. To quote
him "I have never seen any actual
human digestion tests in which
whole wheat was eo completely
digested as white���it would take
from 107 to 110 lbs of whole wheat
to supply the same amount of
digestbile protein and energy 100
lbs of white. From figures of
Drs. Hawk, Wiley and Sherman,
we find white fiour contains .22
parts per 100, of phosphate and
human milk, nature's standard of
food only .047 parts per 100. So
the cry about lack of phosphate in
white bread is ridiculous. In a
parliamentary paper prepared by a
committee of the Royal Society,
said committee admitted superiority of white bread over the preaoob
80 per cent stuff in England.
Weight for weight, white bread is
more wholesome, nutritious, palatable and better looking than
brown and economically better by
far.
CLAUDE F. ORCHARD.
Duncan, B. C., May 23, 1917.
Rifles and ammunition for a
United States army of a million
men are ready today. After a
meeting of the general munition
board of the Council of National
Defence, Frank A. Scott, chairman of the board, issued a statement in which he dissipated any
feeling that the United States is
unprepared to arm its troops. A
new type of light artillery, said to
be superior to tbe famous "75's"
has been developed and adopted for
service. Munition plants have
made preparations for manufacture
in huge quantities of several types
of mobile artillery. Several guns
of foreign types will be introduced
in service. They are to be manufactured in the United States.
Women of Brave Days
It was natural that tbe women
of the Revolution and the women
of the civil war should have been
radical, outspoken and determined,
because they aspired to an understanding of those great political
issues���and they were lifted out of
domesticity and frivolity by their
active co-operation with men.
Women have always ranked
with men, says Ida Tarbell, "In
actual capacity and achievement;"
and it is certain that in these two
crucial instances they rose spiritually to the level of their husbands.
They sought no ignoble plea for
peace. They posed neither as innocent victims of man's- com-
bativenees, nor as moral censors of
Mb supreme self-Bacrifice. The
notion that war is wrong because
it involves the anguish of women
would have been a? repellent to
their soul aB the notion that war
can be averted by the wisdom of
women would have been repellant
to their understandings. They
deemed it their right to know what
issues were at stake, and their
privileges to give undenyingly to
their country's cause. Courage
was their inheritance from their
pioneer ancestors, and pain was
proudly borne, because it was the
price of freedom and national life.
WESTERN - - HOTELS.
TULAMEEN HOTEL
Princeton, B. C. is the headquarters for miners, investors
and railroad men. A fine location and everything first-class
J. N. MicPHERSON. Proprietor
HOTEL PRINCETON
Princeton, B.C., now completed on the
site of the old Great Northern. Only
brick hotel in Similkameen. A first
class house,
Swanson & Broomfield. Props.
Some men outlive their usefulness if they live to be a day over
21.
LAND REGISTRY ACT
(Notice under Section 36.)
TAKE NOTICE that an application bas
been made to register Michael Henry Kane of
Phoenix. B. C, aa the owner In Fee-simple,
under 3 Tax Sale-Deed from the Collector of
the Rossland Assessment District, to Michael
Henry Kane, bearing1 date the 30th day of September. A. D. 1912, in pursuance of a Tax Sale
held by said Collector on or about the 7th day
of November, 1910, of all and singular certain
parcel or tract of land and premises situate,
lying', and being; in the Province of British
Columbia, more particularly known and described as:-Lot 1287, '-Blue Jay" Mineral
Claim, Similkameen Division, Yale District.
You and those claiming- tttrough or under
you, and all persons clalmiug any interest in
the said land by descent whose title is not registered under the provisions of the "Land Registry Act" aie required to contest tbe claim of
the tax purchaser within fotty-five days of the
service of this notice upon you. Otherwise you
and each of you will be forever estopped and
debarred from setting up any claim to of lu respect of the said land, and I shall register the
said Michael Henry Kane as owner iu fee.
Yonr attention is called to section 36 of .the
"Laud Registry Act" and amendments, aud
especially to the -following extract therefrom
which relates to the above notice:���
"And in default of a cavet or certiiicate of
lis pendens being filed before ,tb�� ��_��..<..���������������;������
aa or. __<-_ or me persons entitled under such tax
sale, all persons so served with notice, or served
with notice under subsection (0) of section 155
of the "Municipal Clauses Act, 1906," or seotlon
293 of the "Municipal Act," or section 139 of the
"Assessment Act, 1903," or section 253 of the
"Taxation Act," iu cases in which notice under
this Act is dispensed with as hereinafter provided, and those clalrulng through or under
them, and all persons claiming any interest In
the land by virtue of an unregistered Instrument, and all persons claiming any interest in
the laud by descent whose title is not registered
under the provisions of this Act, shall be forever estopped and debarred from setting up
any claim to or iu respect of the land so sold
for taxes."
Dated at the Land Registry Office, at the
City of Kamloops,. Province of British Columbia, this 9th day of May, A. D. 1917.
C. H. DUNBAR,
District Registrar.
To   JOHN W. NELSON,
M. J. PRICE,
EVAN PARRY.
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations.
f*OAI. mining rights oi the Dominion
*-"* in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the
Province of British Columbia, may be
leased for a term of twenty-one years
renewal for a further term of ai years
at an annual rental of gi an acre. Not
more than 2,560 acres will be leased to
one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the Agent
or Sub-Agent of the district in which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Bach application must be accompanied
by a fee of $$ which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output ot the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine i*1"*11
furnish the Agent.'���"���.*��� .���*orn returns
account.",? ��*t xne "ill auantity of raer-
t____nt__ble coal ruined ana pay the royalty
thereon: If the coal mining rights are
not being operated, such returns should
be furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 4-5
George V. assented to lath June, 1914.
For fall information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, Or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.��� Unauthorized publication of
this advertisement will not be paid for.���
83575-
PHONE   13
Auto   and   Morse   Stages
Leave    Greenwood    Twice
Daily to Meet Spokane and
Oroville Trains
Autos For Hire. The Finest
Turnouts in the Boundary.
Light and Heavy Dray ing
Palace  livery  And Stage
GREEflWOOOD. B.C
P.. C. BUCKLESS, Proprietor.   |
RIVERSIDE HOTEL
Rock Creek, B. C. This is one of
the oldest hotels in the Kettle Valley. Excellent accommodation for
all travellers.
S. T. LARSEN. Proprietor.
The Knob Hill Hotel
PHOENIX.
One of the largest hotels in
the city.   Beautiful location,
fine rooms and tasty mealc.
A. O. JOHNSON     -     PROP.
Mazda Tungsten Lamps
15 to 40 Watt Lamps���50c each,
60 Watt Lamps���60c each.
100 Watt Lamps���$100 each.
NITROGEN
LAMPS
60 Watts
100    ������
200   ��
$125 each
L50 �����
3.00 ��
STORAGE BATTERIES
CHARGED and REPAIRED
ELECTRIC
VULCANIZING
Greenwood City Waterworks Co.
EVERYTHING ELECTRICAL
ASSAYER
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box B1108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper
$1 each. Gold-Silver, (single assay)
$100. Goid-Silver (duplicate assay)
$1.50. Silver-Lead $1.50 Silver-Lead-
Zinc $3.00. Charges for oth��r metals etc
on application.
British Columbia has been
here a long time so has
the R'C Cigar. Absolutely Guaranteed. Clear
Havana Filled. The Cigar
that never varys.
...
Haveyou triedonelately?
WILBERG&W0LTZ
B. C. CIGAR FACTORY
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C
Norden Hotel
GREENWOOD
This hotel is under
new matiasreniP11*' a,*a *
win oe pleased to see all
its old patrons, and as
many new ones as possible. Prompt and efficient service guaranteed.
Lunch counter and din*
ing room in connection.
GEORGE   LAMB
CO., LT'D.
Leaves Mother Lode
9.30 a. m. 6.30 p. m.
Leaves Greenwood
2.oo p. m.
8.30 p. m.
Saturday last stage leaves Mother
Lode 6 p. m. Returning, leaves
Greenwood 10 p. m.
OFFICE-PACIFIC HOTEL
I Float I
A ',       .     4-
*-���������������---- ������'������-.     *
"�� C LOAT is not a periodic- *
*t* *     al.   Ife is a book con- "T
*
taining 86 illustrations all
told, and is filled with
sketches and stories of
western life. It tells how
a gambler cashed in after
the flash days of Sandon;
how it rained in New Denver long after Noah was
dead; how a parson took a
drink at Bear Lake in
early days; how justice
Waa dealt in Kaslo in '93;
how the saloon man out-
prayed the women in Kalamazoo, and graphically depicts the roamings of a
western editor among the
tender-feet in the cent belt.
It contains the early history
of Nelson and a romance
<*$�� of the Silver King mine. _����
A In it are printed three j,
��,. western poems, and dozens .
7 of articles  too  numerous T
to mention. Send for one V
before it is too late. The <$��
price is 25 cents, post- 4*
paid to any part of the _|��
world.     Address  all  let- j
ters to
+ R. T. Lowery j
��*>     GREENWOOD, B. C.     4��
4,*fr,Hh 4��4*+4* ��� ir ��������+��������
Place your order now for
^^ Machinery ^^
PLOWS, HARROWS, BINDERS,
MOWERS and RAKES.
De-iaire FarJ McCormlck, Deerlng. Champion or
repairs rer | pa||. q.^ Mathlnefy.	
Robert A. Brown { "Tgjg'ft&f1
CASH  PAID  FOR HIDES
4��
Cbe fiume fiotel t
nelson, B����*
The only up/tcdate Hotel in the interior,
in every respect,
CENTRALLY LOCATED
Hot and Cold Water; Steam Heat and Telephone in
each room.
ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATHS.
CUISINE AND SERVICE THE BEST
First Class Bar and Barber Shop
15 FREE SAMPLE ROOMS
Steam Heated; Electric Lighted.
RATES $1.00 per day and up; European Plan.
Bus Meets all Trains and Boats. _
   +
First-class   4>
LUMBER FOR SALEir00000000*^^
T.    THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
Flooring,  Shiplap,  Rustic, Casing, Dimension, and all kinds
of lumber.
MARK CHRISTENSEN 8c CO.
BOUNDARY FALLS
DR.A.MILLOY
DENTIST
All   the   latest  methods  in   high-class
Dentistry.
LOO BUILDING
Corner Abbott & Hastings Streets.
VANCOUVER,   -   -   -   B.C.
OOO^OOOOOOAOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
FRED A. STARKEY,
NELSON, B. C.
MINING
BROKER
PROSPECTS   BOUGHT   AND   SOLD        j
J. B. CAMERON,
Leading Tailor of the Kootenays.
KASLO      B.  C
Job Printing
���Economy and Satisfaction
combined with Promptness
are the features which go to
make up the Service we give
our customers. Are you
one of them?
WE PRINT
Letterheads? Noteheads/
(Ruled or Plain)
Envelopes, Billheads,
(All Sizes) ���     '.-���;''���  ;:
Statements, Business Cards,
Posters, Dodgers, Etc., Etc.
The Ledge      PHONE 29
GREENWOOD        Job Printing Department
j

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