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The Ledge Dec 13, 1917

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7
THE  OLDEST
Vol.   XXIV.
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MP  NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
OD, B. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1917.
No. 22
Make Home Attractive
BY FILLING IT WITH OUR
Substantial Furniture, Artistic
Pictures, Soft Garnets,
and Elegant Crockery
Plenty of Oils, Harare and Tinware In stock
MAIL ORDERS solicited from all points
of the Compass
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
New location���Russell-Law Caulfield Building
PHONE 28        X       GREENWOOD, B. C.
JOHN CROPLEY
GREENWOOD
Blacksmith, Carpenter and
Wagon Maker
HORSES   SHOD
On the most modern and scientific
principles
MAKE NO
BUT WILL GIVE YOU A
Square Deal ALL The Time
MY FRUIT CAKES ARE READY
0
Pantry Queen Flour ADVERTISES ITSELF
Sales  More Than Doubled Tbis Month
Wm    P     ADTUI1DC    greenwood city bakem
If IU��    \J��   ARlnUnOj.    FLOUR  AND  FEED STORE
:��_.
X
Windsor Hotel
Greenwood, B.C.
The Windsor Hotel is one of the
oldest and most comfortable hotels in the
red metal metropolis. It is located in the
heart of the city, and convenient to all
business houses, Heated with steam and
electricity, Fine sample rooms, Many
of the bedrooms contain electric heaters.
The bar is replete with modern beverages. Hot coffee, sandwiches, and light
lunches always ready. Touch the wire
��� if you want rooms reserved.
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
T.    THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
ouo^oooooooooooooooooooooo
British Columbia has been
here a long time so has
the B, C Cigar, Absolutely Guaranteed. Clear
Havana Filled, The Cigar
that never varys,
*        *        *
Have you tried one lately?
WILBERG&WOLTZ
B. C. CIGAR FACTORY
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C-
J.  R. CAMERON,
Leading Tailor of the Kootenays.
KASLO     B O.
Jt- JL* -A�� Al ��i. -I* *���- ���_!* j���� aft. JLk ��ftk J*
vvn wp*  fl  TF ^_T TT T_i Tb^ TT Tb^  ��� ^W^ ^��
Float
x
2��
"��i
P. ByRNS & CO.
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats. Fish
and Poultry. Shops in nearly all the
towns of the Boundary and Kootenay.
COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B. C.
1  -'-   -   ~
_*^_W__3$a��5>2*__>����S3_>^^
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada. Limited
Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
TRAII.. BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
��� 0
Purchasers of Gold. Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
TAD AN AC BRAND PIG LEAD, BLUESTONE, COPPER AND SPELTER
C LOA.T is not a periodic-.
*^ al. It ia a book containing 86 illustrations all
told, and is filled with
sketches   and   stories   of
������ western life.    It tells how
a gambler cashed in after
the flush days of Sandon ;
how it rained in New Denver long after Noah was
dead. bow a parson took a
drink  at Bear   Lake   in
early   days;   how   justice
was dealt in Kaslo in '93;
how the saloon  man out-
prayed the women in Kalamazoo, and graphically depicts the   roamings   of   a
western editor among the
tender-feet in the cent belt.
It contains the early history
of Nelson and a   romance
of the Silver King mine.
In   it are   printed    three
western poems, and dozens
of articles   too   numerous
to mention.     Send for one
before it is too late.    The
price   is   25   cents,   postpaid to  any part of    the
world.     Address   all   let-
������ ters to
"STORE OF QUALITY"
ORDER  YOUR
Christmas
Groceries
fEARLY   ;
CHOICE GOODS IN ALL LINES
J. G. McMYNN
MIDWAY      -      -     B.C.
Around Home
RMcKEE
GREENWOOD
GOAL AND HOOD
AGENT FOR
LETHBRIDGE COAL
CHRISTMAS is COMING
You want the best in
Cigars, Tobaccos, Gum
AND
Chocolates
GANONG'S  FANCY BOXES
At Popular Prices
0.   K.   CIGAR   STORE
R. J. MUIR,      -      -      PROP.
% R. T. Lowery %
J     GREENWOOD, B. C.     T
* *
��J�� ��$��� ��$��� ��$��� ���f' ��f�� ���$��� ���$�� ���!��� ���?��� 4* ��� *f*
Christian Science service will be held
in the MELLOR BLOCK on Sunday at n
a. m. All welcome. Every Wednesday
at 8 p. m., testimonial meetings will be
held in the same block. Sunday School
every Sunday morning.
MATTHEWS  BROS.
GRAND  FORKS
Agents for Chevrolet, Dodge, Hudson,
Chalmers, Cadillac Cars, and Republic
truck motors Garage in connection.
D. R, McELMON
WATCHMAKER and JEWELER
PIPES I REPAIRED
Spectacles For Sale and Repaired.
The Knob Hill Hotel
PHOENIX.
One of the largest hotels in
the city.   Beautiful location,
fine rooms and tasty meals.
A. O. JOHNSON      -     PROP.
TULAMEEN HOTEL
Princeton, B. C. is the headquarters for miners, investors
and railroad men. A fine location and everything first-class
J. N. MacPHERSON. Proprietor
HOTEL PRINCETON
Princeton, B.C., nvw,completed;on the
site of the old Great Northern. Only
brick hotel in Similkameen. A first
class house,
Swanson & Brootnfield. Props.
Some choice books for sale at
The Ledge office, at ante-bellum
prices.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
JOBNADta.
C.V.O., IJ..D. D.CJL. FfoaUle-at
H. V. F. JONES, AM*t Gmecai Manager
14
tUmii. 515^068    RESERVE FURD, $13,500,0CO
BANKING BY MAIL
Accounts may be opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank
of Commmy to be operated by mail, and will receive the same
careful attention as Is given to all other departments of the Back's
business. Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as
tafofartorily at fey a personal visit to the Bank. SS3
SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
H. C. LUCAS, Manager
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
Winter Excursion Rates
TO ALL STATIONS IN
ONTARIO -QUEBEC
THE  MARITIME   PROVINCES
ON    SALE    DECEMBER    I.  TO    31-LIMlT    THREE
Extentlon of Limit on Additional Payment
FARES   FROM GREENWOOD
MONTHS
$102.80
Toronto and all Ontario
points west
$107.80
Montreal and
common points
CORRESPONDING RATES  APPLY  FROM  ALL  KOOTENAY POINTS
MIDWAY AND EAST-NAKUSP AND SOUTH
TICKETS AND BERTH RESERVATIONS FROM ANY AGENT or WRITE
J. S. CARTER, District Passenger Agent, Nelson, B.C.
���BHi^___-H._H__n_MHa_e__aB_H
Chas. Oliver left the5hospital
ou Monday,
P. B. Shaw has joined tbe
artillery in Vancouver.
James Drum came , in from
Beaverdell on Sunday.
Toys and Dolls of all descriptions,    Coles Book Store,
Art McMillan, of Trail, is running a motor at the smelter.
Buy a box ot cigars for Christmas at the O. K Cigar Store.
Harry Bryan has enlisted in
tbe heavy artillery at Vancouver,
Mrs. J. A. McLaughlan re-
to Phoenix from Vancouver, this
week.
Little boys three piece all wool
suits in tan, khaki and navy at
Rendell's.
The Princeton district subscribed $109,350 to the Victory
War Loan.
Lownevs and Ganongs chocolates, 50c to $4.75 a box. Coles
Book Store.
J. Duhamel has moved with
his family from Midway to
Greenwood.
A second furnace was blown in
at the Canada Copper smelter on J
Friday last.
The subscription list for the
Patriotic Fund will appear in
the next issue.
Waterman's Fountain Pens
make an ideal Xmas Gift. Coles
Book Store.
Tbe Union mine, Franklin
camp, has discontinued ore shipments until spring.
Work will be commenced at
once towards getting the Rink in
shape for the season.
H. B, Wagner, of theCanadian
Junk Co., Vancouver, is in-town
this week on business.
Useful Presents. Beautiful
Presents, Appropriate Presents.
Coles Book Store.
Evervthiug for the Christmas
cake and pudding, including pure
apple cider at Rendell's.
George Murray, of Grand
Forks, has gone to Vancouver
where he will join  the artillery.
Fancy Bags in Roman stripe
effects and solid colors. Ladies
ties in all colors. Rendell's store.
R. McMillan left for Vancouver on Saturday, where he will
look for work in one of the shipyards.
Miss McRae came in from Seattle last week, and will spend the
winter with her sister Miss K.
McRae.
Wm. C, Arthurs is handling
Fleischmann's Yeast, on sale at
the Greenwood City Bakery or
Feed Store.
Dan Biner and party returned
from a hunting trip up the Kettle
river on Thursday last, bringing
in four deer.
George Hallett and Gordon
McLaren, who were operated on
recently for appendicitis are doing very nicely.
W. J. Borders, aged 70, was
found dead in the snow, in the
lower Toroda Creek country,
Wash., last week.
Geo. W. Rumberger is in
charge of the Brooklyn Hotel,
Phoenix, during the absence of
James Marshall.
The smallpox is gradually
dying out at Grand Forks.
There has been no new cases reported for some time.
Miss Bruce arrived from Vancouver on Dec. 3, to take a position as a stenographer in the
Canada Copperotiice.
Cased Pipes, Pouches, Cigars
the Best Brands in ten and
twenty-five cigars to the box.
Coles Book Store,
A copy of Float makes a desirable present to send a friend for
Christmas. They are obtainable
at The Ledge for 25 cents a copy.
A meeting of the Greenwood
Curling club will be held in the
Rink on Friday evening, 14 inst,
latS.30 p.m.    All interested  in
' curling are requested to  attend.
Sent up for Trial
J. A. Miller and John Papay
appeared before W. E. Detvdney,
8. M., on Tuesday, charged with
stealing a wire cable from the
E. P. U. mine tramway near
Green wooil, and were sent np for
ferial. They will be tried before
Judge Brown within fehe next few
days.
Completed Their Work
The Local Tribunal under the
Military Service Act and sitting
at Greenwood have now completed
feheir work. The Tribunal has
dealt with 106 cases, pf these 16
claims were disallowed altogether;
17 allowed temporary exemption,
the period allowed not exceeding
six months in any case; 62 claimants for exemption on being medically examined fell into Medical
Categories B. C. and E. These
are exempt nntil the services of men
ia their respective categories are
called; 7 are exempt from combatant service, and 4 were fonnd not
to be British subjects.
Billy George is working at the
Providence mine.
W. Foggo who has been the
military representative at tbe
sitting of the Local Exemption
Tribunal, left for his home near
Vernon last week.
Cut Glass, Community Silverware, Fancy China; also complete Dinner sets. Coles Book
Store.
Sapper S. R. Smith is in a
Birmingham hospital, recovering
from an injury to one of his toes,
which was hit' by a- piece of-
shrapnel while he was in action
in France.
A. A. Frechette returned to
Grand Forks on Sunday from
Vancouver, where he has been
working on a cattle guard, a re-
rent invention in which he is
finding success.
Buy a home for Christmas.
$1800 buys the' best home in the
town formerly known as the McMynn place. For particulars apply to the owner Mrs. M. E.
White, 1003 O.N.B.B., Spokane,
Wash.
The Ladies of the *b{ed Cross
will give a Grand Masquerade
Ball on New Year's night.
Every one keep the date in mind,
January 1st, 1918, and get vour
Masquerade Dreses and Suits
ready. -
Robert Henry Ball, of Cascade,
was arrested by Constable Stan-
field, as a deserter under the
Military Service Act, having
failed to register. He was turned over to the military authorities at Vancouver.
Bob Lindsay, of P. Burns &
Co., received word that his brother John, who enlisted from here
with the C. A. M. C_. was killed
iu action on Nov. b. Prior to
joining the army he was employed in G A. Rendell's store,
i
Parisian Ivory Toilet and Manicure sets from $5.00 to $30.00.
Coles Book Store.
A school exclusively for Douk-
hobs has been opened in the community near Grand Forks. "Outlook" is the name of the new
school, and Miss A. J, Spence is
in charge ot it. There are now
five schools of this kind in the
province,
Pte. Jack White, who enlisted
from here over a year ago, and
since then has seen service in
France, where he lost an arm, is
io Toronto where he has been detained for special medical treatment prior to coming home to
Greenwood.
Pte. J. Cameron was in town
for a few days, having recently
returned from ^England. He
never reached ^France owing to
sickness which caused him to be
sent back to Canada. Pte. Cam
eron has left for Vanconver, and
from there wiir go to a conval
esccnt hospital.
-�����;_?:
Western Float    |
______a_____a___________>liM|*>M '
Even in Creston eggs are 60
cents a dozen.
Molybdenite has been found in
the Naas river district.
Northport is the largest town in
the west without a marshal.
The Coal mine at Coalmont will
soon be on the shipping list.
More furnaces will be added to
tbe smelter at Bunker Hill.
The C. C. C. is driving a 4000
foot tunnel at Cop'per Mountain.
In Cranbrook a Chink was lined
$150 for keeping a gambling joint.
Gas Grote has charge of the
boarding bouse afe Oanford   Mills.
The Ladysmith smelter blew in
on December 3, with a full crew of
men.
Clarence Cunningham of Sandon
bought $10,000 worth of Victory
Bonds.,
In Victoria several hotel men
ware fined for selling propinquity
beer on Sunday.
Near Savona, Murdoch Mcintyre
and 8. S Lund have located four
claims of Kaolin.
In Kamloops, C. H. Young was
fined $50, for having liqnor wifeh
him on fehe street.
The Canadian Pacific has plans
for wharves afe Vancouver which
will cost $1,500,000.
There will be snow in Sandon
this winter. The only thing that
is sure in the Slocan.
Each week the Nickle Plate
mine, near Hedley, produces aboufe
$15,000 worth of gold.
The Allies cannot be fed,' unless
fehe people of Canada eafe less, and
conserve their food snpply.
Some of the Slocan and Ainsworth mines arepreparing tpshig
'fen:eif'o_^!ni^ ":   ""^
The Selkirk Mining company,
operating at Marysville, has sunk
its shaft to a depth of 110 feet.
Kaslo has five automobiles but
no flying machines. Somebody
should put wings on Jack Allen or
the Big Kid.
A raise is being run in the Noble
Five mine near Sandon. It will
be 1,000 feet long, and 11 x 20
feet in fehe clear.
A six ton electric smelter furnace will be installed in tbe Aetna
steel works at Port Moody sometime in January.
Joseph Lawrence died in the
Old Man's Home in Kamloops last
month. He was born near Kelowna, 60 years ago.
Wm. Mcintyre has taken over
the Cold water Hotel at Merritt
from his brother Murdoch, who
will devote his time to mining.
Dog salmon was sold for 2 cents
several years ago, and today the
buyers are competing with each
other to secure them at sixty-five
cents.
Fred Bobinson died in Eevel-
stoke last month. In 1885 he op-
eredat a saw mil! at Donald, for
Sir William McKenzie, affeerwards
becoming his partner.
The Princeton Land & Coal
company, of Princeton, ships 240
tons of coal per day. When the
new workings are opened np the
capacity will be S00 tons daily.
Twenty-two times as much timber has been destroyed by fire in
British Columbia as has been cut
by lumbermen is the conclusion
reached by officials of ther commission 6n conservation.
Tbe Hidden Treasure copper
mine in East Kootenay has been
sold to a Calgary company. It
was staked nearly 30 years ago by
Daniel Campbell. The price is
said to be over $100,000.
It is reported that a number of
fisherman on tbe Northern banks
and coast line have been taken in
charge by the military for failing
to register under the provisions of
the ''Military Service Act.
Commercial failures in the Dominion of Canada during October
make the most satisfactory exhibit
for the month in several years,
there being only So suspensions, as
against"132 last year, 195 in 1915
and 272 in 1914. 3OT   .VED&Bk   &&M��m>QT)*   &  &
wmm
mmmmm
Has been Canada'* favorite yeast fer over a.
quartor of k centurv. Bread bakod with Royal
Yeast will keep fresh and moitt longfer than that
made with any other, eo that a full week's supply
can easily be made at one baking, and the last
loaf will be Just oa good as the first.
MADE  IN  CANADA
EXtfGlLLETT COMPANY LIMITED
WINNIPEG     TORONTO.   ONT.    I-SONTREAL,
The World is Very Small
JSfo Such Thing as a Nation   Living
for Itself
Our minds have gone abroad. Our
politics has suddenly become internationalized. Wc arc obliged to
think in bi.er units. The issues of Belgium and Alsace-Lorraine are. clearer to us than much of our state politics, and the queer part is that they
arc actually more important to us.
We see that there is no such thing
as a nation living for itself. The
world is so knit together that an injury to one is an injury to us all.
When, owing to unjust conditions, a
group of English miners precipitates
a serious political crisis in England.
the wages and living conditions of
those miners have a vital effect on
our own affairs. The decisions of
the radical soldiers' and workmen's
deputies in Russia are read wilh deep
concern in Boston and San Francisco. They are no mere theoretical
babble now, but realities of hope or
dread. How small the world has
grown!���From  tlie Boston  Globe.
A Race of Cripples
Only  One American  Out   of   Every
Five Is Considered Sound
The military medical authorities
havc examined our citizens by the
thousands. The results of this examination in many instances havc
been  as   follows:
Out of every live  examined, one. is
considered  sound.      The  other    four
' are  cripples.    Some  part  of  their in-
I ternal   organisms     is affected.      The
heart,  stomach,    lungs,    kidneys    or
some other vital organ or function is
! crippled.
For generations the blind have
been  leading the  blind.
The physical body is of no spec.a
importance. The house iu whieh wc
live needs no special attention. It
"just grows." No matter how ditty
it may be. So long as the. dirt does
not show on the surface, there is no
occasion for complaint or criticism.
That has been our attitude.
!      Freedom of the Seat
i .	
i Buccaneers Put Down in the Interest
j of Freedom
j It would bc just as rational to in-
: sist on freedom of the air as frce-
j dom of the. seas. The seas are free
! in times of peace. To have freedom
I lor the ocean thoroughfares as a
condition of peace would imply that
some nation wanted to use the ocean
for an ulterior purpose during the
war. There will bc freedom that
(iennany wants. if the German
military power, including its navy, is
not destroyed, then the allies will be
forced to control the seas in. their
own defense. The very talk of freedom of the seas shows that there
can be no peace that is worth while
il tlie German militaiy power remains isi control of Germany. When
that has been destroyed there will bc
no question of the freedom of the.
seas. Commerce will go unvexed
where ii v ill. The buccaneers had
the freedom of the seas as long as
they could maintain it. They were.
put -down in the interest of civilization. German militarism must go
the  same wav.���Rochester  Herald.
__!
MONEY ORDERS
Buy your out of town supplies with Dominion Express Money Orders. Five dollars costs  three cents.
When buying y��ar Piane
Insist on having u
Otto Higel Piano Action
on  T1or����.  Cattle,  &c.  quickly cured by
EGYPTIAN   LINIMENT
For Sale by All Dealers
Douglas   -fc   Co.,   Prop'rs,   Napanee,   Or.u
(Free   Sample  on   Request)
COOK'S   COTTON   ROOT  COMPOUND5
A tafc, rellcAU r_ju,'o(.r_�� mcA I
clrm.   Sold in three degrees of !
ittreorth.   No. 1, $1; No. a, Ul I
No. 3. tt per bos.   Sold by at]
drunists, or lent prepaid ia '
plain pad-ace on  receipt  ot .
pries. Free pamphlet Addrcit
THE COOK MBDICXNB CO,
TV.*,i*. Oi-L 0wn4 Wbtimri \
BLACK
LOSSES SURELY PREVENTED
b_i CUTTER'S BLACKLEG PILLS
Low-priced,
_R      ____!' JSr^ preferred by
_____     w8M  0 Vf ^'efrtem   stock.
_B _, __f__\_t uLJN tnin.    because they
JB_3____fl__ S��____, proteet whsr* other
__^ vaccines fall.
Ir  Wrltelorbooltl.tandtestln.--.-!-;.
1D-i.0M��ks.llacM��E Pills. $1.00
SMiMlftg.B.aoUuPll.f. $4.00
Vte any Injector, bet Cutter's simplest and strongest.
The superiority of Cutter products [_. due to over IS
years of oeciallzlBK l�� vaccines ��sb serums
ONLY. IksiST ON CUTTER'S. II unobtainable,
erde* dtrc-t.
H Th�� Cutter Li.toM.ttry. lirtriiy. Cillfernla   /
THE New FRENCH ftEMKDY. N.I. N.S. N.l
THkRAPION uSipi'tku^itk !-i,-n.i-,hi_.'in
freati'JCCeH. C-RE5 CHROStC��VCAI_S_LS9,l.OST VIGO*   I        ���     '* 1Jlt-    u
*   VIM. KISSSY,    BLADDER.  DISEASES,   BLOOD   POISOM,
flLKS.    EITHER   NO. DR'JU'jIStS CP MAIL tl. _���_) ST 4 CTS
��0-GE..��CO. M. eiSKMAN ST. NEW YORK OCL. SUN BRf-J
_ro��o*TO.   write for FREE book ro D��. Le Clet.q
Meo.Co. HavsrjtockRd.Hj.mpstead. London, khg.
THY HEW D;.AGE_:l-_,-T_..,ES5. rO.'.MOP    EaSi    jq   -f._|___
sai"e ASO
 ._ _        _ _   lasting cukc.
kite THAT  TRADE   MARKED   U.OSD   'THKRAPIOS- IS  OH
���BIT. GOVT. JTAUP AfFIXED TO ALL C_K.UI.N_t FACtm
THErtAPION R
Don't Neglect
your stomach. Keep it strong
and well. When food disagrees with it, strengthen it with
BEECHAM'S
WortSa a Guinea a Ba��
S-Utctioa: of SjH-dat Value to \Toat o ere with L. srj Bet
Sc'ii everywhere,   la kaxee, 25 ccati.
Minimize The Fire
Peril By Using
EDDY'S
Chemically Self-Extinguishing
"Silent500s"
The Matches With "No
Afterglow"
EDDY is the only Canadian
maker of these matches, every
stick of which has been treated
with a chemical solution which
positively ensures the match
becoming dead Wood once it
lias been lighted and blown
out.
Look for the words "Chemically self-extinguishing" on the
box.
New Military Hospital
Six Hundred Bed Convalescent Hospital to Be Erected in
Montreal
Announcement is made by the military hospitals commission that il
will erect a six hundred bed convcl-
c&ccnt hospital on property adjacent
to the MacDonald College site at
Stc. Anne de Bellevuc, Montreal.
McGill University will be associated
with the commission in the project.
An order-in-cotincil ratifying the
transaction has been passed.
Construction will begin at once
and the institution will be ready for
occupation by the now year. The
plan permits au expansion to 900
beds, if necessary.
The decision to erect an institution
of this large size vva.s prompted by
the many changes which have taken
place in the character of the treatment accorded the returned soldiers.
Much of this treatment requires
highly trained specialists of great
ability and the scarcity of men of
this calibre together with the great
expense of duplicating costly equipment has necessitated concentrating
the future work of the military hospitals commission in such large in-
stiiutions.
The Drummond street hospital
will now be used as an active treatment hospital for the Montreal area
and convalescents will be treated at
Stc. Anne.
One of the great merits of the Stc.
Aune site is the proximity of MacDonald college with its splendid
facilities for vocational training. It
is a part of the agreement thai the
ervice of the college r.taft will be
the coinnit.ision in. -this
important branch.
The new institution Will, consist of
4 a central administration bloc'.- with
j-fotir outlying, two-story wings each
i containing 150 beds. Smaller wings
in close contact will contain equipment of the latest type for the administration of special treatments
such as the various types of electric
treatment, continuous, bath's, whirl-
poor baths, nozzle baths, needle
baths aud arm and leg baths, vapor
baths, etc. Corrective apparatus for
functional training and . re-education
of impaired mental and physical faculties will be installed. . There will
be special buildings for the accommodation of doctors, nurses, orderlies, etc., for vocational training, for
recreation and amusements. A power plant is to bc part of the scheme
also. The kitchen and dining room
are to the rear connected to the main
bi'ildiug by corridors. The kitchen
.���.ill be equipped with the latest type
of steam cookers, serving tables, etc.
und a modern refrigerating plant will
bc installed.
The building will be of the type
of construction adopted by the mili-
t.-ry hospitals commission for its
new work, being fire-proof and durable, although  not expensive.
Walks Between   Buildings
Reduces the Amount of Dirt Carried
Into the  House
Walks between buildings adds a
good deal to the ease and comfort
with which the chores can be done
on the farm and they also reduce the
amount of dirt that is carried into
the house. Cement concrete is one
of the best materials for making
walks. When it is properly made
with the right amount of sand and
gravel of good quality the construction is permanent.
In making the walks excavate
eight to ten inches deep and fill in
with four to six inches of cinders or
similar material, well tamped to
make a good base and ou top of this
place three and a half inches of concrete tamped in place and a top coat
of one-half inch of cement mortar
mixed in the proportions one cement
to two sand. The gravel for concrete should be well graded in sizes
from one-quarter to one inch, and
for this material the proportions may
well be one cement, three sand, six
gravel. Poorer materials should
have a richer mixture. The top coat
should be troweled to drive it into
the concrete base, but not necessarily to make it slick.
A "rough" walk may be advisable,
in which case a little finer grave!
may bc used in the concrete and the
full four inches made of this material.���A gr. l��x. Dent, N.D. Agr. College.
Maude Can Fight
Whenever   He   Strikes,   He   Strikes
Like a Thunderbolt
This is a victory won by strategy,
dash and determination, a victory of
the old-fashioned kind of fighting, a
victory won in Maude's own way.
Followed by anxiety rather than
hope, this general set out ou his
campaign in a region sinister with
repeated disaster to the British arms;
an ill-omened region. The hopes
that followed his forerunners, but
did not follow him, he has more than
fulfilled on every occasion. He has
met with no defeats, only with victories, victories won with that satisfying thoroughness which leaves
nothing to bc desired. His plans
seem to be perfect and are always
carried out to the letter. Whenever
he strikes, he strikes like a thunderbolt. This accomplishment of his,
the capture of an enemy army, has
no precedent on the side of the allies since the war began; ancl in the
fact that it was wron by sheer strategy, combined with the vigor of action that is always his, it has no precedent on cither side. Maude is reminiscent of Wolfe.���New York Times.
The Standardized Ship
Enforcing of {Civilized Standards for
"._    Housing of Seamen
It is' not only the speed with which
it is being turned out from the yards
that marks the standardized ship, but
the increased speed with which it can
���be worked. The feature of the gen-
erar- arrangements is the very large
hatchways which enormously facilitate the loading and unloading of
cargo. Supplemented y improved
port facilities, such as Lloyd George
emphasized in his recent analysis of
the shipping problem, it is plain that
every ton of shipning will account
for a proportion of cargo unattainable before the war. Nor has the
human factor been neglected. The
principle that the well-being of the
worker operates for increased output has been adopted in the construction of seamen's quarters on the
new ships. The old tradition that
the deep sea sailor may live anyhow
and anywhere has been discarded.
Wc read of two-men cabins for the
accommodations of the crew, messing arrangements separated from
sleeping quarters, a smoking room
for the men���and steam heat! One
of the permanent results of the war
will be this ..enforcement of civilized
standards for the housing of the j
workers, whether on sea or land, on .
the cargo carriers or around the fac
tory chimneys and the mine pits.���
From the New York Evening Post.
Chewing
IS THE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has a pleasing
-flavor.
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
Soft corns arc difficult to eradicate,
but Ilolloway's Corn Cure will draw
them out painlessly.
aiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiimiii
[GRAIN GROWERS
���S   Wheat prices are fixed but service is  not.   The best is assured you    E
__������ when you consign your S
The Oldest Written Word =
| Wheat, Oats, Barley, Flax or Rye |
STRONG PEOPLE NEEDED
The need for people to be healthy
is urgent. Those whom illness has
put outside the ranks of robust men
and women feel their position keenly. They arc handicapped in every
walk of life nnd weak men and
nerve-worn women need more earnestly than eve. to put their health
right and become active and strong.
-Many who began "patching" months
ago arc. as'ill'now as on the day
they began vainly tinkering with
common drugs. Every ailing man
and woman should remember that the
ills of debility, nerve exhaustion, indigestion, sleeplessness, neuralgia,
and depression come from a faulty
blood .supply. Worry, over-work or
other causes havc impoverished the
blood and left the life-stream impure.
The nerves thereby arc starving and
the whole system is languishing for
new blood. In this condition many
thousands have won back strong
nerves and new health and strength
through the new rich blood Dr.
Williams' Pink Pills actually makes.
In a \vcak or bloodless condition it
is not only a waste of time and
money, but also a further menace to
your health to linker with common
drugs. Follow the example of so
many thousands by giving Dr. Williams' Pink Pills a fair trial, and they
will transform you into healthy, active, men and  women.
You can  get  these    pills    through
Minard's Liniment Cures
Cows.
Garget   in
i Calgary Rotarians Adopt Little Waif
]    The   Calgary  Rotary  club  has  dc-
1 cided to adopt a waif, find a    good
home for him, supply a surgical operation  and-^furnish  a  complete  education until such time as the boy can
: earn  his  own  living.     Last  spring  a
j 14-ycar old boy tramped from a point
; west  of   l.diuonton  lo  Calgary,    and
: was found in destitute circumstances
; at   S..raei_c  military   camp.    He   was
! taken in charge by the Children's Aid
society,   _vhcrc he has remained.    He
i^ one of a large family of children.
Tin: father is doing his bit in France,
;.nd  the  mother    has    deserted    the
rati i.ily.
With the Fingers!
Says Corns Lift Out .
Without Any Pain j
i   ��._��_��_M_��l_��.-M.I...*.U....-��l.l...-_.__.._-...._,._���_���_.,0M_.-.
Sore corns, hard corns, soft corns
or any kind of a corn can shortly be
lifted right out with the fingers if
3roti will apply on the corn a_ few
drops of frcezone, says a Cincinnati
authority.
At little cost one can get a small
bottle of frcezone at any drug store,
which will positively rid one's feet of
every com or callus without pain or
soreness or the danger of infection.
This new drug is an ether compound and dries the moment it is applied and does not inflame or even
iirilatc the surrounding tissue. Just
think! You can life off your corns
and calluses now without a bit of
pain or sorenes. If your druggist
hasn't frcezone he can easily get a
small bottle for you from his wholesale drug house.
Going Back on the Kaiser
German   People    Gradually    Losing
Faith in the War Lord
In the September number of the
Nineteenth Century there is an interesting article by Prof. F. Sefton
Delmer. He, Australian born, had
lived for tw-cnly years past in Germany, during the latter part of the
time being a professor in the.Uni-
vcrsity"~of Berlin. From the outbreak of the war until May of this
year, hc was a civil, prisoner in Berlin. He was able, however, to go
about tinder restrictions, and to sec
something of his university friends.
What he writes of their change of
opinion  is  instructive.    He declares:
"Before the war the intellectual
classes of Germany were almost to a
man on the side of the Kaiser. But
many of these people, who in August, 1914, lauded their ruler to the
skies as a new Charlemagne, now
shrug their shoulders at him and his
house. They put the disaster which
has come over thcin in consequence
of this war, and the still worse disasters 'with: which they sec themselves threatened in the near future,
down to the Kaiser's clumsy diplomatic preparation qi the war, and
his autocratic system. His everlasting pose, his. wish to delude ...himself and them into the belief that he
An Investigator Says   It   Is   Thalg,
Salg, or Talc, Meaning Ice
or Snow
In an editorial discussion of the
oldest written word The Interstate
Medical Journal declares it to bc a
word meaning ice or snow, which in
various places takes the sound of
thalg, salg, and talc. Here is the
writer's argument:
"How many, if asked what is the
oldest written word found in an extant document and still in use���not, _
mark you, the oldest root���could an- ' S
swer correctly? And yet the word is
one appearing frequently in our advertising columns, and it is the name
of a therapeutic agent and toilet article in common use.
"In the office copies of the letters
and instructions given to the envoys
of the heretic king of Egypt, Akhen-
aton, (Amenaphis IV.) in_ the fourteenth century, B.C., which office
copies were discovered at Tel-cl-
Amarana, there occurs a passage
which was read as follows: 'We hope
that the sale will not interfere with
you.'
"It was- taken for granted that
'sale' was the name -of���some warlike
tribe in the hills of northern Syria;
but it was remarkable that a tribe,
powerful enough to brave the wrath
of such great monarchs as those between whom this correspondence was
passing, should not be mentioned in
any other of the voluminous of
those times.
"Pondering this, a philologist remembered that s, th, and t were interchangeable, especially in Semitic
languages. For example, the name
that we, imitating the northern Semitic races and the Turks, call Osman,
is spelled and in southern Arabia is
pronounced Othman, while the empire of Osmon is known to Europeans as the Ottoman empire. Now,
there exists in the Semitic languages
a word for ice or snow which, in
various places, takes the sound of
thalg, salg, and talc.
"The mystery was thus cleared up.
The envoys had to pass the mountains of northern Syria in winter,
and their august master expressed a
hope that the ice or snow would not
interfere with their passage. The
Egyptians, having no acquaintance
with ice or show, would naturally
borrow the name from their northern neighbors.
"When the Arabs desired to give
a name to the foliaceous magnesium
silicate, they chose one.which suggested its resemblance to ice, and
they called  it talc."
Minard's Liniment Curjis "Distemper.
To the Old Reliable Grain Commission Merchants
1 Jas. Richardson & Sons, Ltd. f
S   Sixty years of satisfied customers. Careful checking of grades.  Lib-    S
5 ..mi nriv_>ncp��     Prompt adjustments. _S
cral advances.
WRITE FOR INFORMATION
WESTERN OFFICES
Grain Exchange, Winnipeg
Grain Exchange,  Calgary
Canada  Buildine,  Saskatoon
LONG DISTANCE PHONES
Main  8522
Main   22S8
3241
niiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiff
tt
*'l    ��� * ___-.*'*      t'*_____/M<
THE  POOS'^'   l'1
SHOE POLISHES
|0* -BLACK-WHIT_l-TANr;|0*
F. F. Dalley Co. of Canada, Ltd.
Hamilton,   Can.
'!' ��J'   '1' '!' 4
any dealer in medicine, or by mail at i Is ,A, second  Frederick the Great, his
_       J - .       J . r. /.1.1 a.. _. r. _.      ....A      ..........I _>..,A.._._> rt     ....     n      n_f
50  cents  a  box   or   six   boxes    for
$2.50 from The Dr. Williams' Mcdi
cine Co., Brockviile, Ont.
Automobiles in Canada
it
it
is about time for lis. to change.
is about time for us to give the
body its proper appreciation. Learn
to respect, it, to revere it, to care
for it as you would for your most
precious possession.���Bernarr Mac-
faddffit in October Physical Culture.
Motorists continue lo bc a most
vigorous actuality in Canada,, according to figures given in the Toronto
Star, an estimate of $50,000,000-being
held as the worth of cars manufactured in this country this year. Those
purchased in the same period arc
placed at 100,000, or five times the
number acquired in 1914, or one to
about 57 of the population. Canada
thus occupies third place among the
nations of the world in the usc of
automobiles���the United States coming first, with 3,000,000 for .110,000,-
000 people and Britain second with
276,000. Tins is certainly going some
for a young country like ours, with
its sparse population; but it must not
be overlooked that no inconsiderable
number are utilized for agricultural
and industrial purposes, causing
much economic s.-wnj. in time and
labor. Many users :jrc not joj-iid-
ers���Hamilton Spectator.
fickleness and impulsiveness as a pilot of German policy, havc all coinc.
home to them. 'He dismissed Bismarck," I havc heard people say,
'but just look at the statcmen hc has
chosen as his chancellors since���first
Caprivi, a mere soldier; then Hohen-
lolic, the courtier; then the selfish
fox voti Bulow, and after him the pliable and weak-kneed philosopher
Bcthmann, but never a realty strong
man or a great slate'suian among
them all.'"
Accidents to Aviators
Getting Rid of Weeds
Sow Thistles Killed by the Summer-
Fallow  Method
In every portion of Manitoba
where the perennial Sow Thistle is
well distributed, it has, this year,
been conclusively demonstrated that
this weed can bc almost, if not entirely eradicated in one season by
the summer-fallow method. In almost every infested district the weed
commissioners find good, and in
some places extra good, crops of
wheat growing on fields that were
condemned for thistles and treated
to black fallow last year. In a few-
cases almost the best crops in the
district arc upon fields that, because
of weeds, were plowed up as being
of no value and summer fallowed in
Performing   Complicated   Evolutions  1916.
Proved a Source of Danger On the other hand, it is being not-
" I ed universally that where the.thistles
Accidents, of course, are inevitable, | are well  established the grain  crops
and they may not bc too frequent in j arc so starved  out    that    in    many.
proportion  to the number    of    men   cases, even if they were   harvested,
The Best Liver Pill.���The action
of the liver is easily disarranged. A
j sudden chill, undue exposure to the
elements, overindulgence in your favorite food, excess in drinking, arc a
few of the causes
may bc the cause,
who arc now in the _ air every day.
It is for the authorities to judge of
that, just as it is for them to judge
whether an undue number of these
accidents can be attributed to avoidable causes. But wc arc bound to
say that the increasing tendency of
airmen in this country to perform
complicated evolutions very close to
the ground suggests to the lay observer that needless risks are being
taken. Practice in tactics of this
kind is an essential part of the training of the fighting pilot. Except for
this purpose, however, and especially
in the earlier stages of training, wc
they would scarcely pay for the
���work of threshing. The owners of a
great amount of land arc being giv
en notice this season that thistle-infested fields must bc given cleaning
treatment next year. Several prosecutions also, havc occurred this year
because of neglect of weeds ttpou
vacant lands, hopelessly dirty grain
felds and neglected summer fallows.
Germany's Stupid Diplomats
Her Government Today Is Distrusted and Hated Everywhere
What will proud Germans think of
their foreign office meekly lying
down before an ultimatum from Argentina? With what composure will
they read of the alienation of Sweden
by official rcccit? How will they feel
about their Zimmermanns and their
Luxburgs and their Bcrnstorffs, when
the full evidence of their incredible
follies is laid before the German public? With the shame there will surely be resentment���resentment that
Germany has been put in such a bad
light by the acts of her rulers, so
that her government today is distrusted or hated everywhere, and no
one can be found to place faith in
its pledges, or to be anything but
nauseated when it talks about morality and good faith among nations.
Fresidcnt Wilson does not need to
go outside of Germany to find powerful support for his contention that
the existing German government has
made itself impossible. To hav-:
been guilty of such gigantic stupidities is a condemna'T n from which
there can be_no appeal. Ferocious
lawlessness might have been pardoned if it had been successful; but
', failure heaped on mistake makes up
" an undcniaDlc Du nun he it upon which
the German people, in sheer self-defence, will soon be compelled to lay
No More Asthma. Dr. J. D. Kcl-
logg's Asthma Remedy sounds the
death knell of this trying trouble. It
stops the awful choking and painful
breathing.    It guards against    night
Parmelce's Vcge
table Pills can be relied upon as the
best corrective that can be taken.
They are the leading liver pills and
they have no Superiors among such
preparations.
Fixing Wheat Prices
should   have  thought  them   unncces- ��� attacks and gives renewed ability to
sary    and    unjustifiably    dangerous,! sleep and rest the whole night long.
however alluring' they may bc to the | Much is claimed for this remedy, but
But    whatever  building pilot.    If so, they should bc i nothing but what can be demoristrat
prohibited at once.���London Times
Redpath refining methods produce no second
grade sugar. We make and sell one grade only���the
highest���so that you will never get anything but the
best under the name of Redpath.
tc
Let Redpath Sweeten it.
����
The German Fleet
When asked recently by a representative of the Zurichcr Zeitung if
he believed that a sea fight', between
the entente fleets.and the .'.German in
the near future- was.possible,:Admiral Scheer, chit^f: of i-the:;Gernian. admiralty, smilingly replied :>"Thal depend'- absolutely ��� on: the: British."
lnipn-onid hi; German ports, the
German fleet -is still repeating:
"When v ill the British come out?"
It is o\ir fifteen months since the
German*,  .entlired a trial of strength
nd the bak.rs boosted the price of,1? thi, bka��I0*7!.k. bat^,e,V an.d since
bread. Ihe little game is spoiled ���l ,at ^cled'. vlcto?,y thcJ havevn?
for the pi r sent year by the price-', fcd.to seek another.���New York
fixing plan. It would bea very fine j
thing for Canada if tiie price of wheat
could bc fixed each year to allow a
ica_<or.?.ble profit to the v. heat grower and fixed pricis on flour and
bread, (.ambling in food should be
made a irirnc.���Grain Growers'
Guide.
Tlir"  fiKicl   prices   of     w'nat     havc
rut   the   wheat   gambler   out  oi   busi-
U.is>.    After  the  wheat  ���.ws  out    of
the  f.trmtrb'  hands  this  summci, the i
speculator  got  busy  -md  pushed  the!
pruc up an extra dollar; the   mi'lers [
1 romotlv   put   up   the   price   of   flour ���
bakers  boosted the price  of
ed by a trial. If you suffer from
asthma try it and convince yourself
of its great value.
Herr Balling Fate
World..
Women in the Industrial World
The Pennsylvania railroad decided
la=t spring lo open as many avenues
of employment to women as possible
and now cuploy over i.OOi) more women than formerly in many varied
positions, including despatches, station cleaners, car cleaners, draughts-
v omen, - messengers, ticket scHc-rs,
station agent":, watchwotnrn. drawbridge tenders, etc. The increase in
the number of women err.ploycd was
io, 20T50 and 100 ib. Bus.   Canada Sugar Refining Co., Limited, Montreal,
in,
gl\ c
result of  the satisfartury service
n    by tho-e    employed    in    the
' xJroad street st-tiort at Philadelphia,
Fallen atilast; out of favor with
the kaiser, .Germany's greatest1 shipping director, Albert Ballin of the
H'am'bu.rg-Amciri'can Line, can now
survey in all its fulness the tragedy
which his master's war has made of
his great life-work.
It was to him "an idiotic war," and
he said so. He was before the war
"winning more trenches every day"
for Germany than the kaiser's arrti-
ies are winning in months, arid he
said so. His magnificent merchant
fleet is now in the use of Germany's
enemies or going to pieces in idle
and hungry German ports.
The fruits of his genius and long
years of labor have been practically
wiped out before his eyes, and that
anguish of spirit which must be his
can win from the autotrat he served only tod well no better consolation than a kick.���;Kew York World,
violent hands.���From the New York
Evening Post.
She���Mr. Hoover says that it's
much healthier to cat fruit with th.'
skins on instead of peeling it.
Hc���Humph! I'd like to put him c><.
a diet of pineapples    for    about
week and then hear what he'd ha. ���
to  say.���Cartoons   Magaxinc.
There's
Superior
Flavor
To
Von Tirpitc'a Sympathy  X
The fine Americans who are telling
Us ail the time that this is a capitalistic war  on  our part  have  support
and sympathy no* from their grand j
old friend, Admiral von Tirpitz, who
started the submanne massacre.    In,
a speech to the reactionaries in Bcr- I
Iin he casually remarked that if the .
Kaistr and God were to be defeated
'in this ronfiict it would be b_r;HAti'_?-j
!lo-Americaa     capital."���New     York}
���World. �����
POSTU
as a table beverage.
A package from
the grocer is we.l
_ivortu a trial, in place
of  tea ��� especially
When Tea Disagree
<r
W.    N.    U.
118- A
SHE    LEDGE,    GBEEWOOD,    R   0,
>&>    !
For Forty Years Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound has Relieved
the Sufferings of Women.
It hardly seems possible that there is a woman in this,
country who continues to suffer without giving Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound a trial after all the evidence that is continually being published, proving beyond
contradiction that this grand old medicine has relieved
more suffering among women than any other medicine in
the world.
Mrs. Kieso Cured After Seven Month's Illness.
Aurora, III���"For seven long months I suffered
from a female trouble, with severe pains in my back
and sides until I became so weak I could hardly
walk from chair to chair, and got so nervous I
would jump at the slightest noise. I was entirely
unfit to do my house work, I was giving up hope of
ever being well, when my sister asked me to try
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. I took
six bottles and today I am a healthy woman able to
do my own housework. I wish every suffering
jfl^HHHgg woBsian would try Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
.B-MMWBiil. Coinpound. and find out for herself how good
it is."���Mks. Karl A. Kieso, 596 North Ave., Aurora, 111.
Could Hardly Get Off Her Bed.
Cincinnati, Ohio.���"I want you to know the good Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound has done for me. I was in such bad.
health from female troubles that I could hardly get off my bed. I
had been doctoring for a long time and my mother said,'! want you
to try Lydia E. Pinkhain's Vegetable Compound.* So I did, and it
bas certainly made me a well woman. I am able to do my house work
and am so happy as I never expected to go around the way I do again,
and I want ethers to know what Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound has done for me."���Mrs. Josib Copnee, 1668 Harrison Ave.,
Fairmount, Cincinnati, Ohio.
If you want special advice write to Lydia E. Pmkham Medicine Co. (confidential) Lynn, Mass. Your letter will be opened,
xead and answered hy a woman and held in strict confidence.
Irrigation Period Extended
Railway Co-operating With Farmers
in Aid of Increased
Production
The steps being taken in Western
Canada to increase food production
manifest themselves in many ways.
Among the latest is a request made
by the Lethbridge board of trade to
the Canadian Pacific railway that the
company should continue to flow irrigation water in the ditches beyond
the usual time this fall to cnab'e
farmers to fall-irrigate their lands
for the purpose of increasing the
crops of 1918. Similar representations have been made by settlers- in
the eastern section of the Canadian
Pacific railway irrigation block. In
both cases the company has shown
its' desire to co-operate with the farmers in increasing production by-
agreeing to the request that water
should be supplied through the
ditches after September 30, which is
officially the end of the irrigation
season.
Britain Increases
Army and Navy Pay
-���Advance  in  Pay   Involves   Sum   of
50,000,000 Pounds for First
Year
The British cabinet has increased
the army and navy pay, although the
increases are small, compared with
;the American and Colonial standards. Proficiency pay at the rate of
���from three to six pence a day \vill
���be payable after six months' service,
���instead of two'years, as under the
'present army rule. There is also an
increase of a penny a "day for each
year of war service. The _ present
compulsory allotment of six pence
daily for privates and ten pence for
sergeants is abolished.
The navy increase is about the
same rate of pay, and the allowances
to the army and navy now amount
to 225,000,000 pounds yearly. The
increases involve 50,000,000 pounds
for the first year.
<��
Canada Western" Grades
One dose of Miller's Worm Powders will clear the stomach and bowels of worms, so that the child will
no more be troubled by their ravages. The powders arc sweet to the
taste and no child will object to talcing them. They arc non-injurious in
their composition, and while in some
cases they may cause vomiting, that
must not be taken as a sign .thai
they-arc nauseating, but as an indication of their-effective work.'
"Manitoba"  Not   Properly   Descriptive of Wheat Origin
The Regina board of trade has
passed a resolution that the grades
of wheat known as the Manitoba
shall be siyled Canada Western
grades. This action was taken because the present names do not adequately represent the sections of the
country from which the grain corned.
The Future of Germany
Will Suffer from an Economic   and
Social Boycott
Whether victorious or defeated,
Germany is likely to suffer for many
years from a social and economic
boycott, not necessarily inspired by
any government, but the voluntary
act of thousands of individuals with
whom the feeling of resentment will
be keen and lasting. It is piobable
that it will be many years before
any Frenchman or Briton will, without urgent necessity, have business
relations with Germans. Travel between the countries will bc paralyzed
for few Frenchmen or Britons will
enter Germany and still fewer Germans will be welcomed in France
or Great Britain.
We hardly realize the intensity of
feeling which the sufferings and barbarities of this war have brought
about. The. conclusion seems reasonable that the material prosperity of
Germany will suffer immeasurably
for years to come from this economic
and social boycott, and it is unlikely
that when it is further recognized
that much of the resentment of the
world would disappear if Germany
were to transform its autocratic
monarchy into a republic or limited
monarchy by dethroning the Hohcn-
zollern dynasty, that the business interests of Germany will find opportunity to suggest in no unmeaning
way that, as Germany sacrificed itself for the prestige of the kaiser, the
time has come when the kaiser could
profitably sacrifice his crown for the
benefit of the German people?���
Harpers.
j&  They Have Brought Relief ^.
��� To Thousands ^
WHY NOT YOU?
SO  Cent* per box.
Sue boxes for 92.50       135
An Advanced Farmer
Uncle Sam's Soldiers
Origin of the Marks of   Rank   are
Explained
The marks of rank on the- clolhing
of-iAmcrican military officers-arc not
the same as those used, in the British army. An' officer with General
Pershing's force has explained their
origin. The oak leaf, he says, is worn
by. a captain, and the poplar leaf by
a -major, because the poplar grows
taller than the oak. The eagle signified a colonel, because the eagle
soars over the poplar. The stars
are: for generals, because the ; eagle
looks towards the -stars which shine
over all.
An officer's coat sleeve lias brown
braid round it, while the enlisted man
bas merely two' rows of stitching.
The overcoat of an. officer is cuffless
and has various .braidings "lb denote
rank, while the enlisted man's overcoat has a cuff. , The officer also has
two.bone buttons on the back of his
overcoat belt; the enlisted man two
bronze buttons bearing the United
States  arms.���London  Tit-Bits.
Seager Wheeler of Rosthem Brings
Fame to Western Canada
Mr. Seager Wheeler of Rosthcrn,
Saskatchewan, at the International
Dry Farming Congress at Peoria,
Illinois, took first honors in the display m wheat, barley, brome grass
and rye grass. He also took the
sweepstakes for the best supply of
potatoes and the first prize for field
peas. Mr. Wheeler has risen to
something like national fame
through his achievements as an agriculturalist. He is a fine type of the
man who_ applies, business faculty to
the growing of grain, as some others
of his kind do the raising of fruit
and breeding of livestock. Their
achievements havc been the best advertisements the western country has
secured; and this year these havc
been especially noteworthy. At the
Peoria gathering which attracts exhibits from all the Americas, Mr. S.
Larcombe of Birtlc, Manitoba got
the sweepstakes award for wheat,
the first, second and third prizes for
wheat, with the sweepstakes for oats
and rye going to others from the
same province.. Other trophies were
also won by representatives of Manitoba and Saskatchewan, whose fame
as farming countries of great capacity will be more widely spread in
consequence. In their earlier days,
as in the earlier days of Quebec and
Ontario, and of. New York and other
eastern states, the strong new soil
produced great crops of. grain almost
without care.; It took years to exhaust it; and when it was exhausted
it took years more to .restore it to
fertility. The art has been learned,
however, and fanning, on the continent js becoming work for strong
thinking men, such as it has long
been in Germany, France, the Scandinavian countries and Great Britain, whose : crops on lands cultivated
for a thousand years arc better than
. those.of new America. Men like Mr,
| Seager Wheeler are leaders in an up-
j lift that means .much for their business generally ami for the country.���
Montreal   Gazette,
Sheep to Stock Manitoba Farms
Hearing that a number of sheep
were being sold for slaughter in Ontario, tlie minister, of ���agriculture for
the province thought the opportunity .was good for; obtaining some... of
these animals ---to-'���'..:'stock .y,.Manitoba
farms. The government'--has.''therefore,, decided to spend. $125,000 .in;
the purchase of sheep in Ontario at
once, and will sell them at cost to
the fanners in. the province.
Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.
The Broad-faced One
A servant was once despatched to
purchase a chicken and passing a
naturalist's-on her way she went in
nnd:'e-n(i'.iircd.lhc. price of-the broad-
factdu'hicken in the. window.. . .
���V: "Oh," ; said the; proprietor, smiling,
"thr.t's not a chicken, that's an owl."
. "Well," said .'the maid, "it'll do. all
right,, it's only for \the;;lodgcr,";;;.:
For Pimply Faces
Try Cuticura
Soap and Ointment
Samples Free By Post
A simple, easy,
speedy treat- j
ment. Smear
the pimples
���with Cuticura
Ointment, washoff \\
in five minutes with
Cuticura Soap and hot
water and continue bathing for some
ainutes. Use night and morning.
For pimples, redness, roughness,
itching and irritation, dandruff, Itching scalp and falling hair, red, rough
hands and baby rashes, these fragrant emollients are wonderful as
well as ideal for the toilet.
For free eamplo each address post-cud:
"Cuticura. Dept. N. Boiton, U. 3. A." Bold
by dealers throughout tha world.
Ate Onions Like Apples
Lady Shacklcton gives the interesting information that the members
of her husband's expedition, found
the greatest benefit from eating raw
onions like apples. The ironical
title of "violets" conferred on them
for an obvious reason, explains why
onions ate banned, but their nutritive and tonic value, particularly. in
cold conditions, is beyond question.
In the Peninsula, laborers in the
fields take with them a Spanish onion, which is the pick of the family,
just as in this country they would a
lump of cheese, and the advantage
scientifically is, we believe, on the
side of the onion. Before the war,
Breton fishermen, in their blue jerseys, carrying their strings of onions,
were a familiar sight every season in
Enelisli streets.���From the London
Globe.
Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.
Draw Revolting Picture
United States official representatives and newspaper correspondents
who lived in Germany in war time
arc now free to say what they think.
One and all draw a revolting picture of the country, particularly of
the German official and military classes. They confirm the general belief that Germany is a horrible disease, which must bc cured by the
surgery of war. The rulers arc
blood-crazed and the people a.
blind.���Toronto  Globe.
Is Your Chimney Safe?
Defective Chimney >a Common Cause
of Fires
Defective chimneys arc the greatest single source of fires. The investigation being conducted by the
commission of conservation discloses
the fact that, for the year 1916, of
the places reporting, no less than 640
fires were due to faulty chimneys.
This is exclusive of fires resulting
from dangerous stovepipes or chimney sparks.
Before winter weather necessitates
pressure upon the heating apparatus,
the householder should carefully inspect all chimneys, as well as stove
and furnace pipes, and havc them
put in good condition. Rarely, if
ever, does the ocupant of a house
make an examination of the chimney where it passes through the attic. Yet, this portion of the building is probably the source of the
great majority of fires which start
from defective chimneys. Changes
in weather conditions and vibration
have a deleterious effect upon the
mortar in the brickwork, causing it
to disintegrate and leaving openings
through which sparks may readily
pass.���J.D.
Long Life Now
A Moral Question
Powder she bought. and  .rouge, did
'-.. ''Grace.X' _;-.���'  .._.;.. ������'._.'..
And then she camouflaged  her face.
Physical Improvement Is Altogether
in the Hands of the Individual
The physical improvement of the
people is a question very much to
the fore in these days?-"" Health conventions, all over the land, are being
held and our foremost medical men
are discussing the problem of disease
prevention with scientific thoroughness. The statement is freely made
that a large percentage of the ordinary death rate iu modern communities is avoidable. A reasonable care
about sensible living -would increase
the average human life, authorities
state, by not less than fifteen years
within a generation.
Dr. Hanen Emerson, health commissioner of New York, stated to a
clergyman of his acquaintance:
"In the conservation of human life
men of science have gone about as
far as we can get. We have made
the facts known; we have shown
people what shortens their lives and
what will lengthen them. The masses pretty generally know the truth
nowadays about the diseases that cut
men off before they have lived out
a normal term of life���know how
those diseases are contracted and
know how they can be avoided. What
is left is a moral question���not a
scientific question at all. It is the
question whether itien will do as
well as they know. Today they see
clearly the results ahead if they follow disastrous habits, and yet they
keep on with those habits just the
same. What they need is not more
knowledge or more warnings. What
they need is character, backbone,
will power���the qualities that carry
knowledge into practice. The extension of men's term of natural life
lies with the church today much
more than it does with the medical
profession. It is up to the church to
take hold and put into men something that will make them willing
and able to live as they know they
ought to live."���J. H. Hazlewood,
Department of Social Service.
Catarrh Cannot be Cured
I frith    LOCAL    APPLICATIONS,    as they
. _a._i.ot reach the ccat oi the disease. Catarrh
; (s a local disease, greatly influenced by (.on-
! .tituticraal conditioas. and in order to cure it
; you   must   tike  an   iuternal  remedy.     Hall's
i Catarrh    Cure is taken    internally  and  acts
through   the   blood   on   the   mucous  surface..
' it the system.    Hall's Catarrh Cure was pre-
'.cribed by one of the  best physicians m this
country   ior  years.     It  is  composed  of  some
of  tbe    best  tonics  known,   .combined  with
Some  oi  the  best  blood purifiers.     The perfect combination of the ingredients in  Hall's
Catarrh Cure is what produces such wonderful results in catarrhal conditions.    Send tor
testimonials, free.
F. J.  CHENEY &  CO., Prop3., Toledo.  O,
-All Drucgists,  75c
Hall's family  Pills  (or constipation.
Will Be Huns Forever
Wc can be sure that the kaiser will
carry his bluff to the lust ditch... He
will hold out while there is a shadow
of hope that the allies will weary of.
the war. For him anything less than j
a victorious peace would be disaster
of the most terrible kind. A German
poet  pictures the position    of    Germany in  the  event  of defeat,    "Let
them call us Huns,' 'he says, "if wc
can but gain the victory.    But let us
die first if we arc lo be called Huns
and to bc defeated as well."
The allies will conic out of the
war with clean hands, with head held
high, .with conscious honor and with
a cause in the support of which all
the world outside of the central powers is as a common brotherhood.���
London Free Press.   .
?   U. S. Destroyers' Work
Good Work of the U.S. Destroyers
in the Forbidden Zone
For military reasons the facts cannot be detailed, but it may be said
that the United States destroyers are >
very active in the protection of ves-1
sels in  Germany's "forbidden zone," j
and that the strain  on  officers    and j
men is heavy.    They are exposed to ;
danger from the  enemy    and    from j
rough weather.    "Four days on and j
four days  off"  for  officers and men
on the destroyers and  patrols hunting U-boats on the other side means
that the navy is doing its full share
of  hard  work;   for  "four  days    on"
spells for them no  rest, little  sleep,
hard work and hardship.   The crews
come into port utterly exhausted, but
after four    days    ashore    go    back,
prepared  for another  turn  with  the
submarines.    When   the  number    of
ships ?nd their crews and what they
have accomplished is told, the work
of the navy will show that its worth
has not been less than its    prestige
called for.���Army and Navy Journal.
WOULD NOT BE WITHOUT
BABY'SJIWN TABLETS
Mrs. A. C. Smith, Goodwood, Ont.,
writes:���"I have used Baby's Own
Tablets for the past two years and
have found them the best medicine
a mother can give her little ones and
I would not be without them." The
Tablets never fail to banish the
simple ailments of childhood. They
regulate the bowels; sweeten the
stomach and make the cross sickly
baby bright, healthy and happy.
They arc sold by medicine dealers
or by mail at 25 cents a box from
The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co..
Brockviile, Ont.
Care of Swine
Comfortable Hogs Always Make the
Best Gains
Farm animals must be comfortable
in order that they do as well as possible. This is especially true of swine,
since no farm animal suffers as much
from extremes of heat and cold as
the hog. Most men prefer to feed
hogs in the spring and fall, for they
say -the hogs gain more at these
times on the same feed than during
summer and winter. This is perhaps
in a large measure true only because
they arc more comfortable.
L. A. Weaver, of the University of
Missouri college of agriculture, mentions some of the things which may
be done to make fattening hogs
comfortable.
1. Provide adequate shade. If the
hog lot does not contain plenty of
natural shade, then artificial shade
should be supplied. Hog cots, made
so as to have at least one removable
side, would be good to use at this
time, or shade may be made by setting four ordinary fence posts so
that they may be covered with
planks or canvas.
2. Provide plenty of pure drinking
water. This may be cheaply and satisfactorily done with a barrel watcrcr
if an adequate supply cannot be had
otherwise. Two or three pounds of
water is stored in the animal's body
for every pound of muscle added,
hence the necessity and economy of
furnishing plenty of water to drink.
Most feeders realize the importance
of supplying plenty of drinking water, but it oftentimes is an_ easy thing
to neglect. Some think if they an.
feeding slop that enough water is
supplied. The water in the slop, of
course helps to supply the water requirements, but the hogs should have
access to additional water.
3. Keep pool or wallows clean.
Clean pools or wallows keep the hogs
comfortable, _ permitting -rapid and
economic gains. This does not mean
however, that any kind of a wallow
is good, for water which is stagnant
and filthy  may keep  the  hogs  cool,
'but'the evil results  from unsanitary
j conditions may more than    overbal-
: ancc the good derived from the protection from heat.
4. Keep hogs free from lice by dipping, spraying or by putting, hog dip
in wallows.
5. Keep sleeping quarters free from
! dust, which irritates bronchial  tubes,
lungs and other organs. This may be.
done by spraying with crude oil. No
hog can thrive if it is continually
coughing and wheezing.
FEWER PEOPLE GROWING OLDER
The Public Health Service reports that more people live to
the age of forty years to-day, but from forty to sixty years
mortality is increasing from degenerative diseases in tne U.S.
Thousands of well-informed men and women to-day are
learning the true value of
scorn emulsion
OF THE PUREST COD LIVER OIL
as a powerful blood-enricher and strength-builder
to ward off the headaches and backaches mat mean
weakness. SCOTT'S helps fortify the body against
grippe, pneumonia and weakening colds, through
its force of medicinal nourishment
Bafiue AlcoiMik Extracts That Do Not Contain Cud Ltar OB.   .
Scat* & Bowo*. Toronto. Ont. im
Is a Lazy Man a Sick Man?
The Writer Thinks That Laziness Is
a Disease
Laziness is one of the reasons why
many men fail. This docs not mean
that industry always means success.
Energy may be misdirected. There
are plenty of hard-working drudges
���men who toil long hours every '
day, six or seven days each week |
and fifty-two weeks each year���who
are still scarcely able to keep the
v/olf from the door. It is true that
some of these men would do much
better if they did more thinking and
less hard work. Industry is not everything. And yet, given the other
necessary factors that make for success, it is the industrious man who
will win the big prizes of life. The
loafer has not the least chance iu the
world.
Now there are two distinct general
causes of laziness. Or we might say
there are two kinds of laziness���
mental and physical. In either case,
the condition can be cured. In the
average loafer we probably find both
kinds.
In the one case it is due purely to
mental inaction, the stagnating, time
wasting, half-dead kind of attitude.
In the other case, it is due to a lack
of energy���that tired feeling. You
cannot get much speed without
plenty of steam. You cannot get up
much steam without plenty of coal
and a perfectly working furnace.
Similarly in your own case, the internal "works" must be sound and
working properly. Of the two I believe that the physical factor is in
the average case the most important
to consider.
That tried feeling���do you know
what it means?
It means that you are sick���out of
order���abnormal.
No man who is right ever feels
lazy. No one enjoying superior
health can be lazy. Real health
means energy, vitality, driving force.
And it is expressed in activity���of
body and mind. A healthy man
simply cannot loaf. Do you get the
significance of this?
Did you ever take notice of a
healthy, vigorous child���how he is
continually "at something," incessantly on the go, doing something,
until the sandman comes?
Why not you? You could not
help doing something, you could not
help pushing ahead with your plans,
purposes, ambitions, desires, if yoa
had the energy that is an inseparable
part of normal health. Real health.
You simply could not avoid accomplishing results if you had this energy.���From "Why You are Lazy" by
Hugo Masters, in October Physical
Culture.
Blamed the Shoes
This mistress of the house entered
the butler's pantry quietly, "James!"
she said severely. The butler looked
up with a guilty flash. "James," she
asked, "how is it that whenever I
come into the pa.itry I find your
work only half done and you lying
down  reading  the  newspaper?"
"Well, madam," the butler answerer, "I should say it was on account
of them soft soled shoes you usually
wear, ma'am."
Woman the Barometer
There is au encouraging sign in
the growing discontent among German women. Overworked, underfed
and in a bad temper, they ^rc ceasing to worship the: autocracy.:';.-."that
made the war. They rail at the kaiser; They ridicule the crown prince.
They jeer at the military-.-caste. Soldiers home on furlough hear strange
f scTtT_;2cnts expressed by the German
l-aiisfrau. She is no Rrn{;Cr interested solely in _"kirche,.:kuche, kinder."
She has opinions. Subtly contagious
opinions they are, and subversive of
faith in the divine right of Wilhelm,
���Ckicngo Tribune.
Another Dream Faded
If Zcebrugge and Ostcude have!
been rendered useless as submarine
bases the coast of Belgium loses
much of its importance. Once the
Germans thought to launch from it
an invading expedition against Ffig-
land. But that has fadid like many
another iridescent vii.aci of the Ho-
J_e__#i_2_��__-:-s.
Minard's  Liniment  Co.,  Limited.
Gentlemen,���1 havc used MINARD'S LINIMENT on my vessel
and in my family for years, and for
the every day ills and accidents of
lite   I   consider   '.   has  no   equal.
I would not ^.art on a voyage
without it if it cost a dollar a bot-
t'c.
CAPT.  v.   n. Dr.STARnw,
Schr. "Storke,"  St  Andre.    Kamou-
raska.
An Eye Witness
Gentleman���Why don't you get out
and hustle? Hard work never kills
anybody.
Rastits���You're mistookeh dere
boss. I'se lost fouh wives dat way.
THE PROPER WAY TO USE
iilNHAGEN
GHEftlHG tOBftCUB
Copenhagen  Chewing Tobacco is
entirely different from the ordinary
- "plug'.' or '��� fine cut''.''._'������,-
'''���'���'���;_* ��'^de..of the best, old; rich,
high flavored tobacco.
Being in small grains, it imparts its
strength and flavor more freely aud
fully than tobacco in the usual form.
For this reason, Copenhagen is not
chewed; but is placed in the month
between the lower lip and the gum.
A small pinch is all that is tiecessary
to thorougTiiy r?lisfy, and those who
ere using "CopecX_agTr^'* for the first
time, should take care to use ti__Jv a
sm-ill pinch, otherwise "Copenhagen'-'
will be thought to have too much
tobacco strength.
Fresh Supplies in Demand.���
Wherever Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil
has been introduced increased sup-
I lies have been ordered showing that
| wherever it goes this excellent Oil
impresses its power, on the people.
No matter in what latitude it may be
found its potency is never impaired.
It is put up in most portable shape
in bottles and can bc carried without
fear of breaking.
A Good Prophet
Money   Earned   Through   Manufacture of Liquor a Dear-Bought
Gain
In the sermon entitled "The Use
of Money," the founder of Methodism Rev. John Wesley, said:.
"None can gain by swallowing up
his neighbor's substance without
gaining the damnation of hell. This
is a dear-bought gain. And so is
whatever is procured by hurting our
neighbor in his soul, by ministering,
directly or indirectly, to his unchas-
tity or intemperance. Neither may
wc gain by hurting our neighbor in
his body. Therefore wc may not sell
anything which tends to impair
health. Such is eminently all . that
liquid_ fire,: commonly called .drams
oi spirituous liquors. It is true these
may have a place in medicines; they
may be of use in some bodily disorders, although there would rare.)
be occasion for then: were it not for
the unskillfulncss of the practitioner.
Therefore, such as prepare and sell
them only for this end may keep
their conscience clear. But who arc
they? Who prepare them only for
this end? Do you know ten such
distillers in  England?
"Then excuse these. But all who
sell them in the common way to any
that will buy are poisoners generally.
They murder his majesty's subjects
wholesale, neither does their eye
pity or spare. They drive them to
hell like sheep; and what is their
gain?    Is it not the blood of men?
"Who then, would envy their estates and sumputous palaces? A
curse is in the midst of them; the
curse of God cleaves to the stones,
the timber, the furniture of them.
The curse of God is in their gardens,
their walks, their groves, a fire that
burns to the nethermost hell. Blood,
blood is there; the foundations, the
walls, the floor, the roof are stained
with blood! Though they are clothed in scarlet and fine linen and fared
sumptuously every day, canst .'thou
hope to.-ddiver do\ut the fields of
b.Ood to the third generation?X\
:::;;"Nptv so,>fpr,--theri'-is::"'a. '.._JGod,':;.in
heaven; therefore'���''th'yv... .'name-' . shall
scon' t>��: rooted out.. Like as those
whom thou has ^istroyed;..body and
sou', 'thy memorial shall FPfTsTi with
thec."'���H. Arnott, M.B., M.C.F.S.,
Social Service Bonrd.
Invalid Soldiers
Form New League
Canvalescent Soldiers   at  Edmonton
Form Model Organization
For Mutual Welfare
The Invalid Soldiers' Welfare League is a newly formed organization
in the Edmonton Convalescent Home
which promises to become a model
for similar leagues in all the convalescent homes of the military hospi*
tals commission.
There arc many phases of life to
be carried on in the homes, and the
patients here hit upon the idea of
forming an organization which would
provide -machinery for promoting
athletics, social life and maintaining
a canteen, as well as a bond of interest common to all the men in the
home.
The membership Is constantly
changing, of course, as cases are discharged and new ones come in, but
every man while he stays belongs to
the league. The aim is simple���
"For the welfare of the men in the
convalescent home and hospital"���
and the appeal is direct. The returned Tommies like the idea.
There are three chief committees;
one is in charge of athletics and arranges games, field days, and all
sports; the social committee has
charge of all the picnics, concerts
and movies; and the canteen committee of the smokers, refreshments,
etc.
The supreme proof of its usefulness comes when it lends money, to
the amount of $400, to any man going out into civil life needing a lift,
if he can give proper security, and
every dollar loaned to date has been
repaid.
This is a boon to the man who lived on a salary before he enlisted and
whose family used up his small savings in his absence.
In the Edmonton fair the boys
cleared $2,000 on a show they staged
Each man who worked was paid %2j
a day; and ten per cent, of the profits were turned over, as is their custom, to the widows and orphans
fund of the Great War Veterans.
Unless worms be expelled from
the system, no child can be healthy.
Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator
is the best medicine extant to de��
stroy worms.
The Kaiser's Hopeless Task
Prefers the Horrors of War to the
Terrors of Reckonine
People have wondered why the
kaiser has clung so long���and still
clings���to his hopeless task, with all
its bloody sacrifice. May it not well
be that he prefers even the horrors
of war to the terrors of reckoning
what peace will bring? War at least
is a distraction, and he may well
shrink from the cold light peace will
thrown on a bankrupt Germany���
bankrupt not only in the- financial
sense, but also in the physical, for
in using up 1919 class today the kaiser is drawing heavily on the future, and working his man-power on
credit as well as his finance. No
wonder there, is evidence of growing
peace-hunger among the people of
Berlin���many of whom would be
glad to hand over not only Belgium
and Alsace-Lorraine and.all the German colonies but the Kaiser and the
Crown Prince jilong with them. And
hence the growing anxiety in the
government!���Glasgow Herald.
Saskatchewan's Crop of Potatoes
Saskatchewan will havc over 5,000��
000 bushels of potatoes this year, according to the estimate of the department of agriculture, which places
the acreage tinder crop as 49,244 and
the average crop at 102.4 bushels per
acre.
_.i
This
Good
Old
Remedy
Can't Afford to Lose
If v.e_ should  j-uffcr  defeat, if   the
force of our  arms and  those of  our
.iliics   should   disini.er.ite,   then     wc
j should  unci   that  nothing    on     earth
i m-iUTs. " Our farms,  our    factories,
|_;r_d our homes would avail us nuth-
. in.c.    \Vc've-  got  to win-because   \. c j
j can't  afford to    loie.���Chicago    Tri-J
��b.m�� *
isn't just a purgative.
Quite the contrary.
It makes purgatives unnecessary by keeping
the liver lively.
Take small doses regularly���a larger dose only
if you're sureyou need it.
ThatV been the rule of
hearty, sprightly, happy
folks for 50 years.
^ITTLB
���tnuln*   bears   Sfgnerm-Q
Colorless faces often show
the absence ��f Iron an the
blood.
CARTER'S IRON PIUS
will help this condition. THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
$2 a year in Canada,   and   ��2.50   in  the
United States.
R. T. LOYVERY.
Editor and Financlei-
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-O-.vner Notices....... $25.00
Coal and Oil  Notices     fi 00
Bstray Notices 3-����
Cards of Thanks          1.00
Certihcale of Improvement  10.00
(Where more" than one claim appears it* notice. $2.50 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line lirst insertion, and 8 cents a Hue for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
Won Military Medal
Official confirmation of the
awarding of the Military"jMedal to
Sergt. Campbell Dow, waa received in Creston recently. He
v/as awarded the coveted decoration for service performed in\fche
heavy fighting the latter part of
August, when he__'and a partner
were continuously" engaged stringing telephone'^wires to enable com.
munication to"be'_kept up with the
front 'and'f'were] undpr shell fire
steadily from the 19th to the 23rd.
Sergt. Dow ha? been in the thick
of the fighting for almost two
years, and luckily so far without
serious mishap. He is a Sapper in
the 3j.oyalj_Eng.neer. At one time
Sergt, Dow was a clerk in the local
branch of the Canadian Bank of
Commerce.
Died From Exhaustion
Up the Main Kettle river 35
miles from Westbridge, Jack
Christian, accompanied by Guy
LeEoy Lockhart, aged 13, went
out on a hunting trip. The
weather was bad, snowing a good
part of the time, and the hunters
got lost. They wandered for nearly two days, and during this time
the young lad got sick from travelling and want of food. As they
came in sight of a cabin which belonged to Mr. Schenck, the boy
was in very bad shape, Mr. Christian was unable to do any with
him, so he left him and went to
the cabin to see what he could get.
On his return he found the boy
suffering from cratnps in the
r-tomach, and about ten minutes
later he passed away. The burial
took place close to to the boys
home, whose parents own a ranch
iu that section.
This is a very sad affair, but not
the first to occur in this part of the
Boundary, and it is on the opinion
of the coroner that parents should
use more discretion in allowing
"their children of such tender age
to go on such expeditions.
Sergt. A. N. Mowat, Writes
Writing to The Ledge from the
Canadian Military Hospital, Eastbourne, Sushox, England, Sergt.
A. N. Mowat has the following to
say:
"You will note that I am again
in the hospital but expect to be
discharged the first week in December and hope to be in France
or Italy sometime in January.
Fritz gave me a worse shaking up
than I first imagined, for since
April I have had four operations.
However, I toppled over a few
Huns before they finally got me
and I will get a few more before it
is all over.
You remember big Chris Eaton
who used to drive the Mother Lode
stage, well, he is now a traffic
policeman in France. Alex Mc-
Ghie, well known in Greenwood
football circles is still with the
battalion and got a stripe. Fred
Daly was slightly gassed iu Lens,
but was only in the hospital a
week. He wasn't bad enough to
make Blighty. Billy Whippier
who use bo work in Russell-Law-
Caulfield store, is at Seaford but
expects to go back to France in a
few days. Ewert McMynn, of
Midway, is at Hastings with a
training battalion. Stanley Wol-
verson, whose parents recently
bought a ranch in Midway is a
runner in the 102ud Battalion.
The Canadian soldiers are wonderful. They go into a charge
with a cheer aud determination to
to sweep all in front of them. We
think nothing of bayoneting a Hun
during an attack for the sole
thought is to reach the objective at
all costs. Then when the objective
is finally gained the real grit of
men comes out for it is harder
holding a position against counter
attacks and bombardment. It requires a cooler spirit, greater nerve
and more steadfastness. rjThe 102nd
Battalion has never failed to take
a position, never budged an inch
of ground and not one has ever
been taken prisoner. That's quite
a record isn't it?
When I go back to France I will
be sent to the 7th Battalion. I
would like to go back to my old
battalion, bub we have no choice in
the matter. I am now with the
1st Reserves.
LAND   ACT.
I, CYRIL RADAN, of Kerr Creek in
the Similkameen Division of Yale District, Raucher, intend to apply for permission to lease So acres of land, bounded as follows:���
Commencing at a post planted at the
North-West corner of Lot 20S4S; thence
North 40 chains; thence East 20 chains;
thence South 40 chains; thence West 20
chains to the point of commencement,
and containing 80 acres be the same more
or less.
Dated October 20th, 1917.
CYRIL RADAN.
DR. A. MILLOY
DENTIST
All   the
latest   methods  in   high-class
Dentistry.
LOO BUILDING
Corner Abbott & Hastings Streets.
VANCOUVER,   -   -   -   B.C.
CO., LT'D.
Leaves Mother Lode
9.30 a. m. 6.30 p. m.
Leaves Greenwood
2.oo p. m. 8.30 p. tn.
Saturday last stage leaves Mother
Lode 6 p. m. Returning, leaves
Greenwood 10 p. tn.
OFFICE���PACIFIC HOTEL
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations.
^OAL mining rights oi the Dominion
*-*' iu Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the
Province of British Columbia, may be
leased for a term of twenty-one years
renewable for a further term of 21 years
at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more than 2,560 acres will be leased to
one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the Agent
or Sub-Agent of the district in which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded i)
the rights applied for are not available
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents oer ton.
The person operating the mine shall
lurnish the Agent wtth sworn returns
accouuting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay tie royalty
thereon: If the coal mining rights are
not being operated, such returns should
be furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only.
For full information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa,, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.   B.��� Unauthorized publication 0.
this advertisement will not be paid for.
For    Sale ���Several
Books.    Ledge oflice.
Choice
ASSYAER
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box BiioS, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper
$1 each. Gold-Silver, (single assay)
$1 00. Goid-Silver (duplicate assay)
$1.50. Silver-Lead .51.50. -Silver-Leacl-
Zinc $3.00. Charges for other metals etc
on application.
Shows Decline
The 1017 copper output of Granby ConsoUdiated Mining, Smelting
&- Power company will fall short
by over 5,000,000 pounds in comparison with the preceding 12
months, owing chiefly to curtailment at the original property at
Grand Forks, eaya a Boston report. When the miners of the
Crow's Nest Pass Coal company
went on strike last spring, they tied
tip the Grand Forks plant for lack
of fuel, and since resumption the
smelter at that point has never run
at fall capacity. In addition to
this condition, lower grade of ore
encountered also played its part in
reducing production.
Assuming an average cost of production of 14 cents a pound,
Granby could, on an output of 40,-
000,000 pounds a year show earnings of over 820 a share on 23 1-2
cent copper. The 1917 production
will approximate 38,000,000 lbs.      [
Revenge
The druggist danced and chortled till the bottles danced on the
shelves.
"What's up?" asked the soda
clerk, "Have you been taking
something?"
"No, But do you remember
when our water pipes were frozen
last wintei?"
"Yes, but what���"
"Well, the pltvi-iber who fixed
them has just come in to have a
presciption filled."
Business First
He- Be my partner for life.
She���I most have a controlling
interest. ���Boston Transcript.
FRED A. STARKEY,
NELSON, B.C.
MINING
BROKER
PROSPECTS    BOUGHT   AND    SOLD
PHONE   13
Auto    and   Morse   Stages
Leave    Greenwood    Twice
Daily to Meet Spokane and
Oroville Trains
Autos For Mire.   The Finest
Turnouts in the Boundary.
Light and Heavy Draying
Palace   Livery  And  Stage
GREENW000D, B.C
GILLIS & IOX, Proprietors.
Copenhagen
Chewing
IS THE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has a pleasing
flavor.
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
Mazda Tungsten Lamps
15 to 40 Watt Lamps���50c each.
60 Watt Lamps���75c each.
100 Watt Lamps���$1.25 each.
nWrogen^"
LAMPS
60 Watts
100     ������
200    ������
$1,25 each
2.00  ��
3.50 ��
STORAGE BATTERIES
CHARGED and REPAIRED
ELECTRIC
VULCANIZING
Greenwood City Waterworks Co.
EVERYTHING ELECTRICAL
The Winter Time Is Telephone Time
Use the Telephone iu winter time, Wlien the weather is
not all that may be desired, there is no necessity to go outside.
Remember, the telephone will take ioo miles just as easily as
one mile It means comfortable, face to. face conversation
right from your owiv home or office. No travelling, no discomfort, 110 unnecessary expense.
The long distance telephone is safe, sure, instantaneous. It
is on the best kind of schedule time���always there, just when
it is wanted.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY, Ltd
Cbe Burne Botel
nelson, IMS.-
*
*
*
4��  The only up/to/date Hotel io the interior.   First-class   4>
3* iii every respect, ��g>
I CENTRALLY LOCATED +
4�� Hot and Cold Water; Steam Heat and Telephone in
* each room.
ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATHS.
CUISINEJAND SERVICE THE BEST
First Class Bar and Barber Shop
W   SAMPLE ROOMS
Steam Heated; Electric Lighted.
RATES Sl.00 per day and up; European Plan.
Bus Meets all Trains and Boats.
*
���
ii
Over The Top"
Nature has made British Columbia rich and
beautiful The waters that run through and
surround itf are teeming with edible fish, include
ing clams. Its lofty sky ���scraping mountains are
filled with almost every known mineral, while
the yellow power of earth'gold, it hides amid the
sands of many a creek. Its fertile valleys and
hillsides contain millions of acres that are doing
nothing to go "OVER THE TOP/' for lack of
cultivation,. Its forests of gigantic trees are the
envy of the world* The scenery is grandly
magnificient. while the climate contains the ozone
that puts pep into the human frame, filling it with
life, health and energy.
With all these advantages this Province
should have millions of happy people within \ its
confines, and yet it has a scant 40,000* Then
sings the little bird in the tree, "What's The
Matter With B, C/V
Nothing, except that it is like many a
business man. It does not advertise, or does
not know how. Turn on the ^bright light of
effective and suggestive advertising, until all
the world thinks and talks about this glorious
B. C, the brightest gem in the cluster of
Canada's provincial diamonds. Get a move
on, go over the top, waving your flag and
blowing your cornet in front of the millions
that have not yet been "swiped" by the red
hand of Mars.
In the meantime do not fall to boost your
own business by dropping a soul-touching,
money getting ad into Greenwood's Leading
Excitement. Come across with enthusiasm
and plenty of printer's ink, and the public
will shell you with dollars, until you grow
tired picking them up. If you are wise, you
will always advertise, in
THE LEDGE
v__
and get your job printing at the same office.
m

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