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The Ledge Nov 15, 1917

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SB?--?
THE
Provincial Library
THE  OLDEST   MINING  CAMP  NEWSPAPER  IN  BRITISH -COLUMBIA
>i
Vol.   XXIV.
GREBNWOOD, B. C, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1917.
No. 18
Make Home Attractive
BY FILLING IT WITH OUR
Substantial Furniture, Artistic
Pictures, Soft Carpets,
and Elegant Crockery
Plenty of Oils, Harware and Tinware In stock
NAIL ORDERS solicited from all points
of the Compass
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
New location���Russell-Law Caulfield Building
PHONE 28        X        GREENWOOD, B. C.
����
"STORE OF QUALITY
Call or Phone when you want
Groceries, Dry Goods or
Boots and Shoes
Try My Eggs and Butter
J. G. MCMYNN
MIDWAY      -      -     B.C.
OPEN FOR BUSINESS
Phone 126
. Pantry Queen  Flour
! ist  PRIZE  AT  NELSON,  1916 and 1917
WHEAT, OATS, BRAN, SHORTS, ROLLED OATS, HAY
and CRE/VIO the Breakfast Food
Wm.  C.  ARTHURS,   greenwood.
:;
<��
THOROUGHLY  RENOVATED AND SPECIALLY
ADAPTED FOR COMMERCIAL TRADE
H. McKEE
GREENWOOD
GOAL AND WOOD
AGENT FOR
LETHBRIDGE GOAL
Carload of Briquettes Comin..
CHRISTMAS is COMING
You want the best in
Cigars, Tobaccos, Gum
AND
Chocolates
GANONG'S  FANCY  BOXES
At Popular Prices
0.   K.   CIGAR   STORE
R. J. MUIR.     -      -      PROP.
MATTHEWS BROS.
GRAND FORKS
Agents for Chevrolet, Dodge, Hudson,
Chalmers, Cadillac cars, and Republic
truck motors. Garage in connection.
THE WINDSOR HOTEL is one of the sbest furnished
hotels in the west. It is located in the heart of Greenwood and within easy reaeh of all the financial and
commercial institutions of the Copper Metropolis.
Heated with Steam and Lit by Electricity
Commodious sample rooms. The bar is replete with
all modern beverages and the meals are the best. Rooms
reserved by telegraph'.
Christian Science service will be held
in the MELLOR BLOCK on Sunday at 11
a. m. All welcome. Every Wednesday
at 8 p. m., testimonial meetings will be
held in the same block. Sunday School
every Sunday morning.
Around Home
Some work is being, done on
the Fremont mine
Hon. Martin Barrel! was in
Grand Forks oa Sunday.
Mrs. G. A. Rendell returned
from Winnipeg this week.
Murf Mcintyre is ia a military
camp at Long Island, N. Y.
The tie-makers and wood cutters are busy around Carmi.
In Princeton coal is ?>$ a ton .at
the mine, to local cousiimers.
Billy Kellem has moved from
Chilliwack to New Westminster.
Sheridan   examined his
claims near Carmi  last
J. B.
mining
week. j
See our childrens sweater suits
in Tan, Navy and Grey. G. A.
Rendell.
A car containing 1345 boxes of
apples was recently shipped from
Penticton. A
The Red Cross dance last Friday night was a sociaj/and financial success. j
J. H. Dimmick is itf charge of
the Bosun boarding, house, near
New Denver. t
Born,���To Mr. and/Mrs. Chas.
Hartland, of Anacon^i, on Nov.
11, a daughter. /
Order your Private Greeting
Xmas Cards before/ the rush.
Coles Book Store.      A
Get the Nabob cfgar at the
O. K. Cigar Store^and send a
box to your friends. X
Out of 217 men ^xamined in
Grand Forks for miliary service
105 are in Class A..   /
A Bazaar in _aid ^of the Red
Cross, will be helft at Rock
Creek, November 30.^
Dan McDonald of -Phoenix has
the typhoid. The water in that
city should be boiled|
The office of the Mectric Light
company will be orien from 2 to
5 p. m. daily as usu&l.
At the Poultry fhow in San
Francisco, Will Putjdy took several prizes for his White Rocks.
- The mosqaito'es .^.ere buzzing
around the Sun office in Grand
Forks last week, which properly
accounts for that paper being
late.
E. Engen, the famous ski
jumper, has returned to Phoenix
after an absence of n^ay months.
We have received our fall supply of Ladies, Misses  and Child-.
reus rubbers,  all   sizes.    G.   A.
Rendell.
E. P. Wheeler died in Conco-
nully, Wash., Gctober 31. He
owned some copper claims near
Princeton.
Owing to sickness, the Puublic
and High Schools in Grand
Forks will be closed for two
weeks.
You can buy the Nabob at the
O. K. Cigar Store. It is the
best cigar in town, and a delight
to educated smokers.
E. L. Steeves will do consider-
nble logging this winter, The
mill at Cascade wants 15,000,000
feet of logs this winter.
A meeting will be held in the
Star Theatre on Sunday, to discuss issues in regard to the Patriotic, and other War Funds.
Matthews & Peterson, Grand
Forks, have a 2^ ton auto truck
for hauling ore and heavy articles. Interview them if you
have ore to haul.
Charley McArthur, Carson McLeod, Glen Manly, L. Frankovitch and W. Soresby have gone
to Vancouver for the purpose of
becoming aviators if they can
qualify for that high calling.
The city has sold the fire team
to Hugh McKee, and placed hose
stations in various parts of the
town. By this and a reduction
of other expenses the loss of
revenue caused by the obliteration of the liquor licenses has
been overcome.
To The Citizens of
Greenwood & District
I desire to notify yoa through
the medium of The Ledge that I
have been appointed official canvasser for the new Victory Loan
for tbis district.
Within the next few days I shall
endeavour to call npon as many
citizens as possible to explain the
reasons why yoa Bhoald purchase
one or more of these bonds.
It is not my purpose to coerce
yoa into baying against your will,
bat to point oat the privileges you
are missing by not using your surplus money in this issue. If yoa
have a sense of patriotism you
have a great opportunity to perform a National Service, and if
yoa are not even so governed, you
can make your idle cash earn some
more for you with the best of advantages and security.
If I don't call upon you early
enough, I shall be pleased to interview you at your request at any
time.
It is expected that this loan will
be quickly oversubscribed, so come
early and avoid the rush.
My dutieB are those of explanation and I will be willing to oblige
though you do not eventually buy.
WM LAKELAND.
Western Float
She Wasn't Complaining
"Dad," said the little maid of 12
summers, "every morning when I
am going to school the boyB catch
hold of me and kiss me."
"Well, Ethel," replied dad,
looking over his newspaper, "why
don't yon ran away from them?"
Ethel fiidgeted and cast her eyes
down on the carpet.
"I did one morning," she said
hesitatingly, "and they���they
didn't chase me!"���Chicago Herald.
Got All The Money
Mollie had been to church for
the first time, and on her return
home her grandmother asked her
what she thought of it.
"I like it very much," she replied: 'bat there was one thing I
didn't think was fair."
"What was that dear?''
"Why one man did all the work
and then another man oame around
and got all the money."
Many a man has to pocket his
pride so often that his trousers get
baggy.���Chicago News.
P. BHRN5 & CO.
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Fish   .
and Poultry.    Shops in nearly all the
towns of the Boundary and Kootenay.
COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B.C.
^s_*^5_-��^^^sa-Ha��s&��&?5��
YOU CAN IMPROVE YOUR OWN TELEPHONE SERVICE
Leading telephone engineers have made the following
statements:
When speaking into a telephone the best results are
obtained with the lips very close to the transniitter--_us. so
they do not touch it. Removing the lips from the transmitter
has the same effect as lengthing the line in use as follows:
One inch lengthens the line 57 miles.
Two inches lengthens the line 128 miles.
Three inches lengthens the line 179 miles.
Four inches lengthens the line 218 miles.
Co-operation by subscribers is earnestly requested in everything which will give to them BETTER AND MORE EFFICIENT TELEPHONE SERVICE.    ;
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY, Ltd
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
KHOTARD,
CLV.O, LL_D. D.CX, Ptt-rident
tt V. F- JONB3. Kmfx
Manager
Wm SIMHP    RESERVE FUND, $.3,500,1100
BANKING BY MAIL
Accoonts may fx opened at every branch of The Canadian Bank
of Commerce to be operated by mail, and will receive the same
careful attention as ts given to all other departments of the Hawk's
business.: Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as
satisfactorily m fey a personal visit to tbe Bank. &3
SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
H. C LUCAS, Manager
The Minister of Finance offers for Public Subscription
Canada's Victory Loan
Issue of
$150,000,000 5i% Gold Bonds
Bearing interest from December 1st, 1917, and offered in three maturities, the choice of which is optional with the subscriber, as follows:
5 year Bonds due December 1st, 1922
10 year Bonds due December 1st, 1027
20 year Bonds due December 1st, 1937
This Loan is authorized under Act of the Parliament of Canada, and both principal and interest are a charge upon the Consolidated Revenue Fund.
The amount of this issue is $15.),000,000, exclusive of. the amount  (if any) paid by. the surrender,of bonds of previous issues.    The Minister of Finance
however, reserves the light to allot the whole or any part of the amount subscribed in excess of $150,000,000.
Tha Proceeds of this Loan will be used for War purposes only, and will be spent wholly in Canada.
Principal and Interest payable In Gold
. . Denominations:    $50, $100, $500 and $1,000
.       .    ��� Subscriptions must be in sums of $50 or multiples thereof.
Principal payable without charge at the Office of the Minister of Finance and Receiver General at Ottawa, or at the Office of the Assistant Receiver
General at Halifax. St. John, Charlottetown. Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary and Victoria.
Interest payable, without charge, half-yearly, June 1st and  December 1st, at any branch in Canada of any Chartered Bank. .       ���       ��� .
Bearer or Registered Bonds
Bonds may be registered as to principal or as to principal arid interest.
Scrip certificates, non-negotiable, or payable to bearer, in accordance with the choice of the applicant for registered or bearer bonds, will be issued after
allotment in exchange for provisional receipts. When these scrip certificates'have been paid in full, and payment endorsed thereon by the bank receiving the money
they may be exchanged for bonds, when prenared, with coupons attached, payable to bearer, or registered as to principal, or for fully registered bonds when
prepared, without coupons, in-accordance with the application. ''���������.''
Delivery of interim certificates had'of definitive bonds will be made through the Chartered Bants.
Bearer bonds with coupons will h-j _,-.i.ed in denominationx-of $50., S100., $500., and $1,000. and may be registered as to principal only. Fully registered bonds, the interest on which is paid direct to the owner by Government cheque, will be issued in denominations of $1,000., $5,000. or any authorized
multiple of S3,000.
Subject to the payment uf 25 e'e-'ts for each new bond issued, holders of fully registered bonds without coupons, will have the right to convert into bonds
of the denomination of $1,000 with coupons, and holders of bonds with coupons will havc the right to convert into fully registered bonds of authorized denom.
inations without coupons, at any time, on application to the Minister of Finance.
Surrender oi Bonds
Holder:, of Dominion of Canada Debenture Stock; due October 1st, 1919, and bonds of the three preceding Dominion of Canada War Loan Issues,
have the privili-gc of surrendering ili.-ir I.o:h1_ in p.irt payment for subscriptions to bonds of this issue, under the following conditions:���
Di'i-cntiire Stock, due October     1st. 1919, at Par and Accrued Interest.
YVnr Loan Hoods, due December 1st, 1925, at <J7..<i and Accrued Interest.
(The ..Ik.vl' will be accepted in part payment for .Kinds of any of the three maturities of this Issue)
War I.Din Bonds, due October 1st. 1031, at 07tJ and Accrued Interest.
War Loan liimd-i. due March    1st. 1937, at 00     and Accrued Interest.
(These will  be accept!'.! in jurt payment for bonds of the   1937 maturity ONLY of this  Issue.)
Bonds of the vurio-is maturities _��f this tisue will, in the event of future issues of like maturity, or longer, made by the Government, other than Issues
made __l._o:ui, be accepted ;_t )Kir and aci rued Interest, as the equivalent of cash for the purpose of subscription to such Issues.
Issue  Price   Par
Free (ron.  taxes-Including any Income  tax���Imposed  In pursuance of legislation enacted by the Parliament of Canada.
Payment \p be made as follows:
lf5<_7 on December l?t. TO 17-
lO',.; on January 2nd. 1918
��)<.o oh February 1st, 1918
20% on March 1st, 1918
20% on April 1st, 1918
20%   on  May     1st, 1918
:    . V        . A ���full half year's interestwillbe paid on 1st June, 1918.
The ITonJ-i therefore (Jive a net interest yield to the Investor of abonti
5.61% on the 20 year Bonds ���
������';("';>':""..   5.6S% on the 10 year Bonds
;... 5.8.r% on the    5 year Bonds
All payment', are to be made to a Chartered "Bank for the credit of the Minister of Finance. Failure to pay any instalment when due will render previous; "'"���
payment. liable, to forii.-iture. and the allotmi-nt to cancellation. '���'.Subscriptions accompanied by a deposit of 10% of the amount subscribed, must be forwarded '
through the medium of __ Chartered Bank,    Any braith ih Canada of any Chartered Bank will forward subscriptions and issue provisional receipts.     ....
In case of partial allotments the surplus .deposit will be'applied���'toward payment of the amount due on the January instalment.
Suh-u-riptions may be paid in fall O'   J.1,1.1 try 2n '.. I'.'IV _.r ot aiv in-tilment due date thereafter under discount at the rate of 5H% per annum.    Under
this provision payments of the balance of sab_cri_,Lio:is m.y be ...a.ie as fallow.;
If paid ot J ui i.\ry 2nd. 101��. at the rate of S9.10795 per $100.
If pi. ! on r.'Tj.ry 1-t. Ills at tlie rate of 79 40959 per $100.
If pud tn M  r.-h I-t. l'��ls. at the rate of 59.72274 per $100.
If pud rn Afnl 1-t. _o.<_. at the rite of 39.90959 per $100.
Form? of application mav be obtained froi- irv br.n h n Can-ida ns" any Chartered Bank, or from any Victory Loan Committee, or member thereof.
Tbf books of the Loan will be kept at  -'..��� D ���;!..;������ -it '.:' !-_r. ,-u-., Ottana.
Application', will be made in due colt*"- f >r t1. - !.-u:'__ 1 : tV* 1- ._���-��� o>. the Montreal and Toronto Stock Exchanges.
Sub��u.Tlptti-n List* will  .lose on or before December Ist,  I9K.
Oit*w\. Novembr 12th. 1917.
64
Banff nut coal is $15 a ton in
Chilliwack.
Salmo has 200 of a population,
and 15 autos.
In Vanderhoof 30 children are
going to school.
Walk fonr miles a day and yoa
will feel better.
In September there were 18
births in Trail.
ThomaB Lewis died in Revelstoke last month.
A $7,000 Catholic church is being built at Trail.
There are 186 branches of chartered banks in B.C.
M. J. Dunn is the new fire team
driver in Rossland.
Last month halibut was 18J
cents a pound in Rupe.
Yoa can buy a Float at Nelson's
drug store in New Denver.
The police are raiding the hop
joints in North Vancouver.
No. 1 hard Marquis wheat was
grown at Enderby this year.
Barkerville had 18 inches of
snow the middle of last month.
The honey output in the Creston
valley this year is 4000 pounds.
A pumpkin weighing 116 pounds
is on exhibition in Bonners Ferry.
The saving of food will win the
war, so eat less, and do your bit.
Onions are $2 a sack in New
Westminster and potatoes $28 a
ton.
Thomas Quirk died in Kamioops
last month. He was a Cariboo old-
timer.
Instead of taking a shot of booze,
some people are now taking war
bonds.
The creamery at Henley Creek
is paying 50 cents a pound for butter fat.
This season more than 100 carloads of fruit, were shipped from
Keremeos.
The sawmill at Edgewater has
been taken over by an Alberta
syndicate.
Along the Fraser river, Indians
can not legally sell the fish that
they catch. .
Wm. Seed, an old-timer of
Rossland died last month in Wal-
laceburg, Ontario.
In the next two years at Barton
City, there will be thousands of
trees bearing fruit.
Ex-Governor Mcintosh has gone
to the coast, after spending the
summer at Halcyon.
Since booze went over the damp,
the production of poker has increased in the Slocan.
At Penticton Sam Kee was fined
$50, for having 16 cases of Chinese
booze in his laundry.
With the exception of 23 miles,
the wagon road is finished between
Vernon and Edge wood.
Mrs. H. Giegerich of Kaslo, and
her daughter Elizabeth will.spend
the winter in California.
In Chilliwack two Chinks were
fined $20 each, for beating a sow
with an axe and hammer.
Because the flood wrecked the
town, the Bella Coola Courier has
suspended until next spring.
Some of the heart trouble among
Canadian soldiers, is caused by
smoking too many cigarettes.
A carload pf potatoes recently
shipped from Creston to Nelson,
netted the growers, $23 a ton.
Loggers along the Kettle river,
will get $6.75 a thousand feet for
logs delivered at the river bank.
On her last trip for the season,
the Steamer Kluane brought three
tons of Moose meat to Whitehorse.
Sergt. Geo. L. Pedlar is taking
a rest in England after being with
a medical corps In England for two
years.
A"reward is offered for information of Miss Jennie Saunders,
who disappeared from Ashcroft
last July.   "
Never quit advertising. The
world has a short memory, and
soon forgets those who do not blow
their horn. :  "
This year a squash was grown
near Lillooet, that weighs 120
pounds, and is seven feet in circumference.
There will be an open winter.
The rabbits have not yet changed
their color, and some horses shed
their coats last month.
A little town in the north has
been called Lucerne. Some day
there may be a town in Switzerland called New Denver.
At Kimberley, the provincial
Police seized $1,500 worth of
liquor, that Harry Drew had
cached in an auto garage.
H. W. Aid rich, superintendent
of the Ladysmith smelter has returned to Montana, his position being taken by W. J. Wateon, 'I'lii-     LFJXiK     UKi-iv-. WOOD.     B.   a
A Day With
The British Fleet
Guardian  of  the  Seven  Seas a  Magnificent Sight of Potent Power
i.hoslly, grey forms le_.._u out of
il'n- mist which enshrouds ;i summer
m a. I'licn. (.".en as we :_..>/(���. .1 livsli
h;.'.:...   sweeps  down,  and
I RHP.  room,  KiVi.-._]<���,  llu's   siiiilr  e.riii'
1 !y   when   vou  m,���nit.111   sliipiium   I" ri'/.
,  lit    of   t!:i:   Scarborough   limrd' rs   aad 1
:  '.be   l.ii-ikini;.   butchers-.
1      When   .. ill  the  Ilnii  e.,mr or:' Will  i
I
lie
,!
J-.
>l
.1   llic
the
\a|'ur curtain vanishes. Xnw, in tlie
Mi'isliim- behold the cruiser ii' et of
-.--tain, .stretching majestic, as far as
the eye can reach. The empire's
walls oi steel her sure, shield.
Sil\.*_-y chimes of hells float across
lite water. \i,<\\ of drum-., belike bc-at-
iuu' '1.1 <|t!;iriers as of old. and clear
note., ,,,f the Initio snmitl melodiously
as oyr little motor subma'ine chaser
1 ��� h111;._;Ijg. ill.- waves. Down the line we
pass, '.hat line of ilo.it in ij. fortresses,
irom v. hose turrets the wjij.ed snouts
to -__.:i_ erims stick "tit. from whose
luiiy, many-tiert d tiqlitiu.: tops pro-
is ude   l< sser   h.i I lilies.
Men rre,\\d tile decks, keen-faced
f>r_i.-f,-_-._ the very epitome of sni.irl-
iie-s and .'!iicieiic\' iu their neat uni-
I'U'io-, marines whose l'ed trimmings
hin! a in'.H'h uf color, midshiptnen
>'������.-. Hint, in th, n, v. ;_r 1 _>|-.,.s ,,1 brass
hu:''>'is :.n,| white talis, .rim petty
niaa i's and lack lais wii'.i bull necks
'<<">l ia.ns l.'iinii-lieil ljroii>e with sun
ami -,dl hree/.e. |u:,i th,-. I.ritish navy
<>o the in!.. 1'r. sently our little craft
S"in_'.s \ny. aids line ni these man-o'-
v "i - in-, u at u Ins. rail -lauds a line
'���'���   -��������� "on   n   in   white   duugnrees.
I hi     I i."i.   mie'   Ileal! \'s     tkig.ship,
ti"     -, ���   ��� i..i      1 ii.tt,      v.l".se     sharp
''I -'a- .'"'! I.-. _li rent the I'ducher's
pi.a. - am! -. m her to tin- bottom "f
'in N"i'th S a i:> .'at faii.n'.is lieiit.
S' .���- i- ihe vi-d a: whose side thc
ii."i.e.- b .;.t hobs. Ip a ladder ��f
s arm m shake iiands with a cord: .i
kne of nlVicirs al ihe top, In a few
mi'ui'.es vim 1- c.inv-pii'Klei.! is 1 \otoi-
ii _:' th.- ship's mysteries under Urn
a;is|i;ce- <.f a \-��� ��� 11 s.���;- eommr.iii.ler and
lias i.;:u imr officer, a I'ricud and eon-
temporai'v of (.'ommautlrr Harold
1'enisoii, 01 Tnronl'i, as I di-cov. red
p:a s.'iitlv   in   the   ward   room.
!>own ii;e weirdest am.i crampiest
ot elevators, into the depths of the
engine room, descends the visitor.
Here, oh! landsmen, no maze of old-
time machinerv, of holts, lever:, and
wheels greets the e\c. < mly the simplicity of mighty lurbines, which
show' never a motion, from whose titanic chests, even when forcing the
ship at full speed, hreath.es never .'.
gasp of the mighty ilood of steam
surging through eomith ss plates. In
the fullest fury of the lutland batile
not a fragment of shell penetrate.i
this heavily armored sanctum, th.' vitals of the ship, girt doubhprooi with
plat.s  toughened witii  Ontario tiiekel.
Up steel ladders, along narrow
i.tssages stripped bare of every sliv-
r of woodwork. |>asl comfortable
,Darters and red-covered table? ot
.he senior petty officers' mess, we
Paris to the .Sick May that haven of
the ill and wounded. Many a lad lay
.here after Jutland, but now one
slightly sick sailor, comfortable in
Ids iron swing cot, is sole patient.
The young doctor is busy putting
men through a severe cross-examination for submarine work. lie has:
been lhrough lutland, and covered
with gore, he. toiled below wltile the
s'jilU erishul at S]. .��_, j Kid. So
up once moif   \\ -  ceo   p 1-1  tin    iinniti-
I lllllll   lilt    pis',   111 dill ll    sll  l])S     vb.ii
i'u|i   iu   the   boll    iitiiii 1 is   .01!.     .it
I th    j'dnngt   ti[i iii iin bite/is
litre   'i e  Un    iji 11s  \ 1 nil   Mil  the
I'.lui hei     \   pt'Hiv    shl   m   t'k   'hi.\
. 111101   01   iln   iiui   I  admi's  tin   > ist
t   1       1 iiin   un. in     s    <v - _i it   1.    1
lie     >\ il'toi 1       11111 t    d'i n      ' ">itl11 11
11   du 11 uik;   t   <    1 ���   w s      < 1  nk'      *
II s-i   e   b t < tI    fit s     on  1 ( 1 1 ik
*il'll        .Ul'll       lllssjl V   Jl l    ill        lO) I  I       in
tin ib pl'is. b< loi sloots up 1 k.ii
1 lin h v rmlcl in ti I 'aht\ In. 11 "* 1
-uoumous shell Will th 1 rr _ s,on
and cpttil of 1 tepe uin_ ulb - n >
ch ini'-m the mac' mil \ in �� < �� <-l nts
shut tin btiich ' il' 11 .Mill mot���
rinnbh s   ttoi't   tin    di] tn     . a< h   111011
Mil   sunn   lllti   ll��   lilll. Ji     t _���   til''   l "1
t. 11   i k\.uion
rue' With 1 du]) dull thud t
Toiitlli d 1 111111111 id iln 1 vit dfs
Ci 1 (U Ih s \ 11I1 muni 1 ml 1 1. id il\
is ;1 w ' oh opuili.n 11 pi Med a j'in
md 1, mi���-di un 11-li.lllou of I'm t.l
nbh s Im. ul leh iin hi sent tin th
To '.mir dow 1 fi m tin om pi 1 th
01  tin   1 on im,, io��m 1   i't   whol    sins
puts    Sll   IIU1-.K     flltltllld       Ill'o    "-elll
11'tn.e ot some hus_;t potnlrd 1 ilt
\\ h it 1 \ >', u trn itc in u hint v h tl
.iwttil 1 ( si onsihilitt us 1 hare;. ' -Not
<> ��s, tali li \hui he ��-i\l.iiil the (.111-
niuis on ihcii v omen 1 ill tut; e\pi di
tion    lou^'hl  the  l.hicini    md  1 based
lllC    trst,   ot     till      nilltl   11 _      11       I       fill
bt<k lo Dim c Itl nl V n .1 iln ljinj?
(iiimin n.'v spapi 1 s tind to impuss
tin world th l the lions would'
Mill    1.1I <1
Mi triud -Willi unit a word 'o s.t,
01 his, n\ u 1 \.il ius, finm it bond
th- J i_;i r lie two ,_,rr it 1 1 s in tin
fl_.it .if 1 r')iichiu��_; 01 1 e not for 1
spring, a chain t to fi'-'in '.itli uul
I dons in tie pcii>-onoi �� (niiiuii 1 us
\ inch attack ni.inui Mid rlnlilun
< 11 d vbo^e lobs In   1   ios>   \\ llhi h  s
1   I'll!    w  i\
(   is?     il '      . Ih t 1    s,,  m 1 |i  1   11
nl in    I    in    o   mn  hi'1    u   mm  'i itli
..'id     iii   h    1 I  Ii ��� 1 . s   "uh   !'i        >rli
r  1     on       ni u 1 1 s)n 1 mo-
l' 1     1   h     1 f   s     s       I )       n I        lint
I    bn      111   1    '  t   .       11'    '|I 1   1   in 1       tut
\   1   n       I     1 mi   nd   1      11    1      t' .       sill. 1
<.���,'_ U   \   }<   I'        .11 1.   .id
11   I 1       I     1      -.. 1^1  itur.
b    I     \  1       1 1   m     < I    ' 1 ol
fl    < 1 till ' s 1 1      .1   I 1        (n
*di 11 s h 1 > ) it m 'In it'll u
1  ,' 1 1    . 1   I
I   ,t '   .     1 '    <    1 1- N III1
1 1   1  .' ' 1 I >
t|  1"   1     1
*>'  IN -II' s|  1,   s \     1       1    111  _.'
'hi   s,     1       j!. 1.    Iks    1 i rms   i
%   itl,   1}  r   1     't s[     ,       fs   Ml    I \             t   tO
li   1    si V   Ii   \, d    i    _(e'h   1 th          tn_r
\    ' s      111      dl   the  vs oi I ' hk     1  Int.
���>  1    1     \   ,1    ' s   ��� 01 111.   1 i s    S\ im  tr
li '      c t        s< r st     d< sif;n o        ibi.tr
10       1  <'     > 1  k         1    1 tin 1 >u   '01 pi (l'>
Y   it*          ^ljrn  1  .hisfs   ir ''niti 11111,
an   ni       1 r   cob\ 11 b\   \ 1 1              ii
t      I-  11 _rj_.ii ie f (].s il s un _  01
\ 'ml       lur 's i 1, , p i n       1 t    i'i  ' 1 1
. 1 '1   '     li   In 1 r    md   th. r '    In, .tj 11
do s . ' 1 d isl 1 s ,[_ i|.. 1 i\ e ^
_)   r.,ss     Ik    ^    ti 1
Mn     a��i. 1   'I lb    \       ' nl
Otlt        I.O    r'    1    ittll-sl 1; s ,     1       1 _. TTl
am .11   i.j t     p  it   o    ,1 .a   fbii   \iJiili
r\    i.s     ot    jiiI        rrij.la_irTs       nalive
<���  ,is. b  1   the  si vf.i  *-�����,.�� wliose 'iv.tr
fr-     I' i    _      __lol.��     ^ilc'O  ts th.   fleet
�� ��� ii  1 b 1   1 '  "oil 1    i  in 1,   ���< ho  -..il
�� - -' ii'       11       tT 1 .i'i ais of drmkiii^'
I 1       I ��� .       ' '        1, >  p'ar-  iu   P.nt-
'< .        11  '    c   s. -       i'   '   '    -  f \ 1      r >   tl r
c      '' *i 1.1        1 li ll'IO 1
'">< '���',   ���till   '.'   I'M V< e
^s  ,     ,' t)^  Dei   l'ie
"   s ....    ��� i-1,    ,c.,st    t ,
]."'.'    t 'dni^iit ^ssa. i 1
( s-M       js   ,01    _'i   1" *   COi    -
finish ; i,reati'_s| pu//!e of the lie. I, ;
topic of p( reniiial aud tinl'.iiliii'^ inter- j
est and discussion is _his, from stoke- |
hold   to   admiral's  cabin.     Rut    when 1
the   Ilun   does    venture���-if     ever he ���
i\ill  find   l.ril.iiii'-  sailors   readv.    aye,.'
ready.���Toronto   feleerain.
Fail Plowing Advised
A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY
JO CENTS PER PLUG
Many  Advantages  to  Be Gained By
Plowing  in the Fall
WJhy   do  people  usually   prefer  fa!
plowing to spring plowing? j
AH  people   do    not    prefer  fall  to
siuing-   plowing  and   fall   plowing-    is ,
not   preferable   to   spring-  plowing on i
all kinds of soils. j
"Where the soil is depleted of its !
humus, fall plowing may cause pud-i
dling and injure it rather than bene-j
iit it. !
Iienerally     sprakinpr,     fall   plowing '
A Word For
The British
Their Troops   Outnumber   Colonials
,a" ���' Six to One
General _\[aurice, chief director of
j military operations at the British
war office, says he has received "a
remarkable number of letters from
the United States showing how widespread is the belief thai the British
have let the allied and colonial troops
do most of the lighting." 3t is one 01
of the fealure.s of the German propa-
conserves  more moisture than  spring ' *J.ulil hc.rc- Tod;i>'  ^,u  mf.cl  "  ���}'K
,.1 ;.,���    i,     _.   _._.._' _.", ' tenons  stranger  who  lias  it   on  good
authority   that   a    batile    has      been
plowing. It conserves more rain aiu
snow during winter and spring. The.
ground being broken up, il is in better condition lo hold moisture and
less moisture will be lost by evaporation.
Plowing  breaks  up  the surface  soil
and   separates   the   soil     particles    so
thai     ihe   film   moisture   cannot     get i
hold of ihein and reach  the surface to j
be  lost  bv  evaporation,   hall  plowing,!
v. bile   con-:frying     iiioisttue,     at   tlie
. .'me   lime  is   conserving  heat,   for  it ;
1 liable-,   the   sun   in   the   spring   to  be :
Used  iu   warming  up  the seed  bed  in- i
s'ead  of being used  in   evaporation.    '
Tall     plowing    sine-,    time.       Il  is!
done  after  the   busy   season   and  lessens  tbe  work  of  the   fanner  in     lite'
spring   when   he  is   the   busiest.
Increasing the depth of plowing
cji be done more satisfactorily in
ihe fall than in the spring. Tim subsoil that is turned up in ihe fall will
be incorporated with the surface soil
hy freezing' and thawing, which are
1 .-.eellenl  agencies  in   pulverizing   the
Many of ihe troublesome insects
injurious lo field crops can be effectively contbatted by fall plowing.
Many insects spend the winter a few
inches below the surface of th
..'round, some in egg stages, soni
the worm or grub stage. Fall or
winter plowing will break many of
the eggs ov egg sars, bring- the cat-
i-ipillar and pupa to the surface
where many of them will'be killed
by freezing, and others eaten by
birds, skunks and oilier animals. The
cut worm and the grub worm pass
tlie winter in the ground in the part-
Is   grosvn   stage.
;fought in which a thousand young
Americans have been killed, hut thai
I the war department and the newspa-
! pers are concealing it. Tomorrow
I you will meet a siatistical stranger
i who will tell you confidently thai the
! average life of a soldier in ihe 111a-
j chine gun corps is only four weeks,
thai of a man in the aviation corps
only three, and that to eniist is cer-
i lain death. I Jut the man you meet
1 oflenest is lie who tells you tint ihe
\ British arc holding their army at
, home and letting the French and
1 Canadians do all the fighting, so as
; to step in tlie last moment with a
i fresh army and reap tlie results. The
i German propaganda is efficient, high-
' ly organized, and doubtless naps
'great harvest among the ignorant
; and   credulous.
i As for the allegation that F.ngland
[ i.. keeping an army of 3,000,000 men
; at bome, so that tbe French have to
I do all the lighting, she has between
j 2,0'H),(100 and'3,000.000 men in France
: now to say nothing of those in the
I Italian theatre, in Salomki, inMeso-
' potamia, in Palestine, in Galic.ia, in
i Africa and wherever an ally neeilp
., j her help. Besides the. lines which she.
, jjAot-ncially   holds   in   France,     she
fur-
cvery threatened point
nisiies men at
in the line held hy the FrencU, wiien-
ever they are needed. She is svvi ep-
hc  Germans  out  of  Africa,  and
: mg
! has two armies engaged with the
i Turks and Germans in Asia Minor. x
j So far is it irue that England is
j "making others fight for her" thai
Ihigland is not only holding hei own
j buttle, line but furnishing troops on
'demand   for others.    It  is  no.,     irue
~~ """"     '_. ~ ithat  ''when   all  other  nations  are  ex-
irCe Ttllk jhaustcd     she    will    step  in   wilh   her
  ! frc-di  army and navy  and gel  all  the
Interesting Paragraphs by the Cana- 'spoils,"  for her   army   and   navy are
dian Forestry*Association I !,ot fixsh' ,' .hc,"-; rh?v? D,T- lK"c,i".a,eJ
' 1 in   many    iriglitful    battles.       As     a
About nine  million  acres  out of a j single   "instance.      the.      Coldstream
total_ of 210 million acre,'  in  Quebec j Guards   has  been   wiped  out   and  re-
provinc   are  under  agricultural    de-   constituted   no   less   than 'twenty-one
velopi::-   .:.     The   chief   crop   of     the ��� times since the war began.
Sometimes     these.  German     propa-
n.nuu'i-
will al'c
that the
:..   200  million   acres   is-   and
,.s s  be timber for  the  reason
soil  is unfitted for  tillage.
More  than two-thirds  of  the  technical   foresters   in   Canada     in     1914
h  \e  teen   imht tiy     mi. lie      it     tin
iront     The  enliMi uuil  of i'oiom ran
(is lias likewise hi 1 u  Iu a\ -\
Ihe   use   ot    Indto .etoplanes     toi
_i.te-tioii oi  foicsl nits is being tor   j
sidercd b\   ceittin   ,'iuin mnld   ,n<_ '
,   1. ate inter, sts 111 (. m ul.i
In order to s.ue ior the Fudi ins ot
(    11 ula   theu   l-iire   tii'ib  1     holdings
_r 111st  lo's   b\   101 e>t   ines,   tin    In
1   dcpartiii.nt at  Ottiwa  1    obhg
1       h~<)   ec-. to pil-i   ml bun      thet
si  s1' aftei   taking tlu   1     -. <uu  o    t1 1
\ 1 ods        TJtc prtcauii_m    ' ill       i\
1  1 iii< rou1- bad lues
\\ hile   Canada   s.j.niil'.  abou      1>i
millions  yc.tih   111   stud\mg       cm il
tu al   piobkius,   "iih     t   titlhu        111
b  s  been   thus  Ku* ou  tin   sti ^       ol
i nisi   problems        Mote   thi 1     Ivs 1
Hinds   ot   the   whoh      of  (  111 di     is
1 titer ad. pud tot  mc growiig that
uij thing els(   an"  will pa\  jnoiil.   u.
iordiii-f le   lh<   scuii'iiiL cite bisio,
1 d   oil   it
        _ fs
Gul Students' Occupations
Ih.   task of s(!l suppoit among tin
women btiidents ot  lh��   bin   im(,   01
i\  lists    1111 ludi s    t \ i, \ thing      tion
1   okinc. lot  liaiu-' h iihU to \   ishni-,
1 tile while dogs \ Ink 111    ihool   m\s
iln.   Joptk.i '  ipit.il      Ih.   most com
ion    ni'thod  111   p'.tctKi     is    doing
oiiscwork to.   ft(iilly   wounn.     One
1 gandists in disguise go armed  with a
i newspaper   showing   that:   the    Cana-
i (iians havc  just  fought, a battte,  and
'ask     their    unsophisticated    hearers:
When    .oe   111.    Bntisl)-"   Wuunll.
lh(ii   an   souii    b  'lbs  in      huh   the
l..ii.ui_ns   b   ti   ih     biuiit.    .s     ibei-
M     othn   bil'bs  111   whiih   the   lug
I hsh  b'ai   11     lie  h title   ol   tin    '-out
' mc    1 huh   lifted   fiom   lull    lo   \To
\cmbei,  ^.1*-  the   in jst leiiibh   brt.h
in  wlmh   lit    Pritish   ami'    w is     11 ���
_ igtd     m 1   ip   th<    -00,0.10   1   si  dii.s
iilll'h   it   sii1 'led   iln    in nibi 1     >t  eo
loin ds   wis     la os(   in di>_,ibh Ao
."(_0II0 I
di nis h 1
1 >
11 ote th
1 ie lo 1' . t mil I he J'jilish in ops
u I 1 im e )t,i n nib 1 iln 1 ol ni' ih 'j
id 1 mu t'leii e.isirdiRs sunt ihe
s il    I)
( 1 . il
s ))ri s
Inch
,1 '.b
l'w-
ll
.an   a. <    (1 S   P-itish   to   1    i (s-
h 1 , il      In tin   null'  l-fhti'tr      s'   in'
"in'   Tins    in   (li    11 poi Is     <s'
111     (    til    th Mis    h l,        Fl__, 11 I l d    s(
tin n  b 1      b  1 'i 'J  I.uti 1   11
to 1   1 e bun d     \ol out   I ji 1 th
but   is  In   1 bv   C 'padi n        in
1 ihei   1 olo.11 lis       lb     n   so 1   \\ h\   s.
h   11   uioii   il   t ue  (  01 idi tits   (1    m    u
1     I nt-lish is bre n'se  On   t an ib uis
, e,     1   1  Mis,    mn   own  i-K.ph    jihi
is   \      u    11 1    \nierican   soldi''s     tie
1111    .s, ,|   ^i ,    _,|[ (]]   iu ..   j) OIC   nj   tin 1 1
tl  111  of   lie   lic-ich  .n d   Butisli   whi
���iglil   b\    lliu    side    1     thai     .imig
,11  n'      It  is  the home   folks in  s\h   ni
\ 1     .re   most   nil ie st  d
"V In re   in   tl (    Ihitish       ,is| ,  (|lv.
'iPt't   n .igci t   o'   .he  gt'lhble   V.iu.i
can    1 hc>   .u c   e.<i\w ute     tins' art
soman  works   I01    1  ptoftssor's  lam-   holding then   own hue in  I tame, and
r.r]__,iuu rt id' 'ing aid to tin I mien
irte v In live 11 <\^^\. hilpi,1, It.lv
1 tli r li' r wis to I rit ^ti 1 h u ing
t'dinui. out ot Aim 1 unnishmi_
.If   bidk   of   Sai nil's   um\   in   "\I  n
An- ' (loin t,     ng'ilum     thin    ua\    llnoiiuli
ih i\lnh "die is 111 school and spends
Pii iaiation-5 helping tue tainiLij'
uus cook foi ban t Mc is
A   few   furni'h  iheiiiMl.is  \ uh    a
bule pocket    nioiHv     b_   pining the
in mo    foi    gj'nnastuin classc-     	
oilier sohid the piobkm    01 ni lkini'   -sTi sopo'^mi 1, . t.hng  P <_   Kii-m.ii.  m
11  nicy last vacation hv   nuking pen-   Ga!iu>    h illlintr    with  tin"    in   nuns
noits for the Santa  1 e' rulwaj   1 \  j, md   1 uks  in   I'.ibsiine   'llitn   is  ins
noil'  mates  who  wantid  to decoiate '    nio.i   .mong lh(   alh s wh ist   t.iop
il. 11  rooms     but    lnkid    the ttiiuh, '   n   so i.,uunito��
hi  t  beet, giving a little v hile dog il      lb     (.cm   u   pi .pttr.indiM     mak-s
1   th onci    i week, netting them $2 ajuau-h   of  the   f.��t   th t   the     liend
ontb b   Id   a   1 u get   ] tit   or   tht    b   "   lb  ���
. 0 e Britnb   hut omits lorn  nticn tb >
Hie Poitish linhl 'li'i pill ��� lie c< most
of tin fmbtili.' I- gomg on Iln e\
ti U 01 term u \ < nb um\ "-'i"!!
1 ..id is di tt i mi' ('I nl li\ 1 tliinets
01 e \ 1 n b. g( in 1 ih tu Iln 1 hi li'i'
Ij Un .ll*. fl vi nt id st i'i iinrdiii-,
t 1  lb di' i' \   i" 1 d    of  .hi      i-1  nl
s    n    Si 1 s    tl ���   11     1 n   1    1 1        ' 1       1 1
1 1 i'i d   M it  s,     1 1 1      I        i'     I
r   -h    li id  n       1 ^'
Canada's Lumbet  Industry
I be lepoit upon ih. prodin tion ol
1 niher litli and >.liiii__rlc ����� 111 ( m id 1
'01 the yar 19H>, prep red b\ 1! 1
1 1 c ,ti % branch 01 the <b partnit lit o.
'I- inleiKii will gi\ c -.tatiilics of
iioduttuti b\ 2,609 1. ills i_p< 1 urn.:
111 (_in.nl' dining the ttlin.hti mu
1"1��> I Iu iiui du r of nulls n porting'
u   in  ised   b\    d30   .Is   (ompllid     wi'l
I'll' Ihe \alti. of tit*- lumlxi, Ink
1 d sbiiurh o in ut 1 '1 Nlo w is is
1 dlows [ 1 mlicr, ^-.ei.sd ,jl", Irtth,
>'74},<Gi> si ,, f Irs V''.dJ.'l.i uui'
���si '1 f'72.222
t        Ol.     d    l I ' 111 I0)'. 3      l''H     -s|, ,(    ,    J
b' ml un sun ol bimbii. t m 1 , si
of V 2 p< 1 Kill as nupi id \ itli
l<)ls
1    1.1 l  1.1        lit   l   l (     '       (it        ill       .    11        lilt .s(
fill pl-i.tili.-s a Itl Ill'rejs.d II ill
the v 1 stcrt jciinms .s , )mpirid
vsuh B'l^, l.rttnb I olim I 11 'i'king
t! 1        o��i   pi   noun  cd   gai 1
Manitoba Adapted
For Stock Raisin?
Many   Varieties  of Live  Stock  Feed
Grown in Manitoba
The Manitoba department of agriculture has just issued an interesting
booklet on Live Stock Raising from
which the following extract dealing
with the many varieties of live stock
feed grown in that province has beeu
taken.
The naturally rich Manitoba soil
yields an abundant growth of wild
forage plants of many kinds. Tlicse
possess uncommon natural fattening
qualities and Manitoba cattle grazing
on them require much less finiihing
than is necessary in almost any other part of Ihe continent. Kentucky
Mliie Grass grows in profusion and
here as in its native state it is worthy
of the name of the king of pasture
grasses. A near relative, known as
Canadian Blue Grass, is also to be
found everywhere. Knot Root Grass,
Wild Timothy and the well-known
Red Top also grow in profusion, also
the slender wdieat grass now commonly known in Manitoba as Western l.ye Grass. There is also the
Western Wheal Grass, commonly
known as Blue-joint, which is of unusual hardiness.
For hay purposes and winter feeding, wild grasses are abundant in all
parts of the province and furnish the
whole hay crop for thousands of
Manitoba farmers. Western Rye
Grass is probably tbe best of these
and grows to perfection under almost
auy conditions. The Western Rye
Grass, sown alone, has yielded at the
rate of 6,800 pounds to the acre. Under cultivation it grows easily and
quickly, seeds readily, matures quickly anti cures perfectly.^ It has another big advantage, being easily got
rid of from land required for other
purposes. Its feeding value lias
proved a big surprise to many American farmers who came to this country knowing little, if anything, of
wild grasses in the thickly settled
districts from  which the}' came.
Among the cultivated grasses
which are giving fine satisfaction in
Manitoba arc timothy, awnlcss brome
grass and red top, meadow fresqtic
and tall oat grass. The reason for
this is simple. To begin with, they
have a soil which is unequalled anywhere in richness, they get the early
spring starting rains as soon as the
winter snow has gone, and the frozen
moisture coming up when the hot
sun comes. But most important is
the. long hours of clear sunlight,
which makes for rapid full growth.
Clovers and other leguminous
plants are also proving the ^execed-
ing fertility of Manitoba soil, and
their adaptability to Manitoba conditions. It has been proved in most
parts of the province that the soil is
particularly adapted for alfalfa. Ex-
ptiinunts at i-taudon Im.e shown an
.nci.ige nop of ovci fi\c tons to the
.uie, .uul firtneis from all over the
pi ounce tcstuj to ihe success they
base had with it Fioad icel clover
.Mid alsike aic also much glow 11 by
good fntners and like cveiy olhci
ioddei,  jicld  line  ciops
Ihe huge nop-, of Cits and bai-
h \ t!.._l em be giowu on Manitoba
1 md icd 1111 one ol the gieal natuial
.u!\autngis or th�� province ior the
1 using ot beet i attic and feed stock
of cmij kind, as w 111 as foi dairying V inixtuu 01 oils, bailev and
ilfaba makes an ideal feed which is
\ti> poptil.u, 1 itl is ltd bv man. ot
the mo-st ��> ( i ssml i,minis m the
pr n it1! (��
M <p_lob.t oils Ium a iceding \altte
stiptiior to oils ,4row 11 almost anv-
whin else, m.unlv because of their
t \ec_.dit.gl> light hull and plumbnes1-
of ktinel rl he-\ weigh moie to (he
nii'suied bushel than oats giovwi 111
.n _i the states 'Ihe a.citgc weight
01 M iiutoba nils is ilurt_.-1._g.1t
pouii Is to the bitshcl, and oats weighing foil. pounds md o\ti aie often
in bo seen in the middle western
States tht neiagc weight oi oats is.
from tbiil-s lo thiil\-tour pounds
'I lie ihtTerente in Ik ding value will
be k nlil. untie 1 stood by an> practical {.iiinii  01  stock man
Ihe nciigc j ie Id of oats in Mani-
tohi in Ihe 1 iM  t< n j e u s   taking the
Pud    Viils   with   (hi    t-OOii   dild   good
fanning with pool laitiling, has been
o\ii thnt)-eight bushels to the acre
1 li it is the average, but crops of
M\t_, bii'-lul-j aic -\ciy common, crop*-
ol sivenlv tne lo ughtv bt.shcls are
quite frit.-icnl while a crop of one
I l ndred biishi Is or even moie is not
consith red am   gieat  novdtv
What li is been ��aid ot oals 1=
eciuall}   tint   ot     bailev Manitoba
b. rley is \ei3 light bulled, weighs
\ir\ heave and analj sis shows it te>
tout im food values that can lnrdly
In   equalled  am where  else
Storing: Vegetables
For the Winter
Valuable  Hints /or   Keeping   Vegetables Fresh During Winter
Months
With the food problem so acute it
is important that every vegetable
should be stored. This applies not
only to ripened vegetables, but to immature cabbage, cauliflower, etc,
which can be stored and i-.'i.d as
green feed for hens during the winter months when other green stuff is
not available.
There are a few general principles
in storing which have to be remembered, namely: (1) Protection from
frost; (2) keeping them cool in order
to prevent decay; (3) keeping them
relatively moist, in order to prevent
excessive evaporation and wilting;
(4) avoid a wet and stagnant atmosphere, as this is likely to engender
rot, particularly when the temperature is too high; (5) protect from
heating, for heating is the natural result of the ac-mutilation of much
fresh vegetable matter.
It is well to store roots in moist
sand. Beets, carrots and parsnips
will keep all winter without withering
if the temperature is kept low enough
to prevent sprouting. Others may be
kept in dry, cool places. Cabbage
and cauliflower may be pulled entire
and stood in wet sand, or the heads
may be removed, wrapped separately
iu paper, and placed in a cool cellar.
Celery and Brussels sprouts arc packed tightly together, upright, in sand.
This sand should be kept moist, but
never allow    water    to get onto the
celery leaves,    as    rot will  probably
develop.
It will be noted that in every instance a cool cellar is specified. This
is not possible where a furnace h in
the same compsMinr-at. 2^-jJd. tie
cellar into two parts���ot>c ti* tt*
furnace and one for the v^*etabJ.*s
Keep the smslaw in the v>.ge._{_l.
cellar open ?s Ir.fp ?_��� it is safe to do
so. At all tim*-_t bpwrver, see that
there is -plw;-.^ oi f.Rsh air and keep
the temperatui(1 down.���W.
Co-operative .Marketing of Poultry
In order to ptw the marketing of
poultry on a good basis, two poultry
killing stations havc been established in Saskatchewan, one at Regina
and one at Saskatoon. At these stations experts supervise the killing,
plucking, grading and packing of
the birds and advance payments are
made to ?he senders in accordance
with the graeie, die final payment of
the balance being" made when sales
have been made. The system of
gathering poultry in fairly large
quantities and placing the�� on the
market through these ?U_lons gives
the farmers a better cliauce of disposing of their fowl at the highest
price.
To Crush Disloyalty
A call to all citizens, irrespective
of race or creed, to join a movement
to crush disloyalty within the United
States and to labor for the assimilation of aliens on an exclusive American standard, has been issued in New
York by a committee of native and
foreign bom Americans, headed by
Theodore Roosevelt.
Legalized Nicknames
Curious Entries Made in Early New
York Documents
Nicknames arc not likely to get
out of fashion so long as human iia-
Uve remains what it is. In these
���v.vs. however, it is not customary
to spread such titles upon official
records, as was formerly the habit,
eccordir_g to the archives of several
of the states. x
In the Dutch records of 1644 we
have John Pictersen, alias Friend
John. In the Newton purchase from
the Indians, dated in 1656, one of the
boundaries is "by a Dutchman's land
called Hans the Boore," and in the
Bushwick patent, dated Oct. 12, 1667.
one of the boundaries is "John the
Swede's meadow." In 1695, in the
Kingsi county records, a. man is named living at Gowamts as "Tunis the
Fisher."
The common council of New York
in 1691 ordered fish to ���� brought
into the dock "over against the city
hall or the house that Long Man-
formerly lived in," and in the same-
year an order was passed "that Topknot Betty and her children be provided  for as  objects of  charity."
The explanation of this custom in
many cases was that the person in
question either had no family names
or had forgotten them, says a New
York exchange, so that the use of
their generally accepted nicknames
became a necessity.
About the time a man gets a pair
of patent leather shoes broken in the
patent expires. .
THE COAL FIELDS OF ALBERTA
DRUMHELLER COAL FIELDS AMONG THE LARGEST IN CANADA
(By C. VV. Higgins)
With the advent of fall and the
long winter days but a few weeks
away, the people of Canada are now
giving   the  coal   situation      a     large
amount of -attention.
At all seasons of the year, the mining of coal is recognized as one of
Canada's chief and important industries. Evidence of this fact has been
very noticeable of late by the heavy
movement of coal by the transportation companies. On virtually every
train, operated for transportation of
freight, carloads of coal are being
hauled through the various provinces,
from the many mines located in Cauada. This will, to some extent, offset any rumors that Canada is faced
with .1 shortage of coal foi litis uin-
tei.
commencement of the coal year,
there were 96,000 tons of coal shipped from these coal fields up to Aug.
1, as compared with 32,000 tons during the same period in 1916.
Those who have visited coal mines
and seen operations, know how interesting an industry it is. Through the
courtesies of the manager of the Alberta Block company mines, and the
Midland_ Collieries, the writer was
given the pleasure of accompanying
the foreman to these respective
mines which are about thirty-five feet
below the surface. Upon descending
the shaft whichjeads to the mine a
thought comes lo one of entering a
new world.
There, an underground of many
ihiles of trackage is open to the visi-
toi.    On  these,  roal  is    tiansportcd
the eight hour shift. This coal is
hauled up from the mine by a hoisting engine of 270 horse power, is
lifted 75 feet, then screened and
dumped into cars on a train below.
From every mine car which comes up
to the surface to be screened, a sample, which goes through the 11-4 inch
screen, is taken and weighed. Each
miyiter puts a brass check and number
on the car and the weighman, after
sample is "weighed, gives the miner
credit accordingly. Each car is dumped in a three-inch screen, then the
stsve coal Is taken out. What coal
goes over the three inch screen is
lump and disposed of accordingly.
Three railway cars arc loaded at one
tice. In an endeavor lo place all
giaclcs of coal on the market tlie
management of many mines have rc-
��� 11
i'i
inli 1
1 ism
S 1      I
im    'hi   li   b
lie 'i       n ( d   .
���'   ihe   s    .
n
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I ike t^e New Name
It  >s  r. flips   ^  little  'lui,^
i.i   to
it   1 1   tl        t
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1      l.i   I    i 'is      mit s       '
t 1   e        \     < 1    s    in 1 1
t   is 'he  1 it  11 li  li  \ e I   I. 1 1    *
s   i 1  nt  lo r  ini'i ' sh   1 ���     1  ..i
b it'l     line   > 1     ' is   1 ,1 in   11      1
I 1I0 'uties   ' r.    ���'   li ,   aid   ' I'
t    1 -��n    11        \    , .( h    J
I li iihI, d  o\ (i   'il .      'i    ii 11 g
I t lsiy     01       his     I   1"   1 S   1 l ( n        1
|l(i\Mil   to   ies(    \ itb   'hi     Tri   u'i     ui.l
1 the   _.vl in   .1)   I'll    ii 1'it       'Iii i-h
bold   is   ditei jirid   In    their   \.i-I    s
\t   ills   , oil1'   i'i    lii'i'i   11    not,.,  n
dist   irin'rilh   1   in     tl(   1 ouilifi ,   01
1
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'Js
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h
1
11 1 "i _.
n in\ . i ����� t en t s th tt knu' (si_ 1 1 _rc
nl 1 Inn-n bv jiroclanirfti > 1 11
' .ul> ii . i'c ol tin Ko\al 11 .lis..
in.* the ih cisioi is one tl .it. inillio is
01 I is subjects v ill bear of 1 nil *jro
loiind pleas.irc It lends at lev-t ���i
1 .pic.-! ( oinpletenes*. to tbe po^uior
ru ^ moii-irchy which has 'ong been
is distin tivrly and ^t'onglv national
in fact as any in the world u re-
iio.��s an anomaly that 1 nl gio-ti
c-ptrialh   irksome   *i'.' e   _t     < lertnan
pool    e sll
1
i
n
h
1     ll
11     l1
1
t   1
in
1
��� '"      I'oor ' \
'OS.    I .>s   1 |(,l c   1   1   1
vi  lire. 10  - '1,11'
'V   ' md ' r "H11 ! t ( s
1 ���        '       il      1 (WS s   fi 01"   \ ' 1
d   *        11    1    t u *   1 as     uol      '   --i tu
roub'cel  minds  on    thai    poiLf,    we
i- ir the t.   1. is bevond our o   n p iv
eis���N'w   ""i ork 'limes
Self-destroyed
1 he   i..<.��   that   s1 e  . rr  ._?   r.r
imanj.  miirt not ben "-.b oi't
v i
set'-
.'
i
1 r
1' Diwcli e'ected to ni^'.e himself tli * * of   justice      li   ihi.ul I  be   eheerft'l!
-1 prcme enemv o! >\ fijthmg  l-rin-b   le.ogntzcu  th. '   in     tie     ij_i     il re<_
Ti'l German  *ir. hra ��!���.    '-lotted    the
'. -ck-di't v_>r of pgarrr_is.ots in, T.iotl
1 ear-,   t:
T
lu rl
d
'm
1
lo   ri\ib/rtt'on
The dec'nr.'-'ion  of the 1 cf _-v_i c3   in   l'.i
,  K'     ',[
ul-trr.
w e-
r< ' dertf.
_r reatc-*
��� 11 tnkind
V , d
'���i- in.
i" ..ni
. OOII',
V.'
N.     U
1179
ramc of the Royal Hoi-e \* j 1 ( V.'oikng pi?eticiil> tlo.-c. :__mc U>.
'- ..h-crred in ocr wr. ..f 'l,__i por_tdic efforts _r ihe part nf }.f_
��� .Dire: but it > iii - dd no-'.Hg to'.d'ies, .-"d with 1 co' . eptuticn _>i
..l".t al' its p-cple: if] ti.-- .-.'s tlu . \ i-ich future gencr. M. -,*, iwl: ���nr _>1,
L'urer of it���London Daily Tele- 1 Gernnnv has mrdr i'*.r v o:.i site
*iaph. (from  K'.hur���New   ^orkTimtf
The Revenue From Poultry
Annual  Income in   Saskatchewan  Is
About Eight Million Dollars
1 hat   iliib   ; km lice      is   .iduui .ibl.
1 i'i 1   lor  pJilt'}   1 Usui_,,  pc-scssmg
1     )l   docb   :i. uij    _.d\ ml ig. >   not   10
b     lui.nd in  oil ci   [.its    0     It    Doll lion,  11   ihe   111  l'sn   01    !'��� nie*-ioi
Js    k    i'  lei, v ho 11 111 ehiiiM   01      e
!n   ltr>   di 1 ti*   1  ni ot   llii   I iiistrs.ty
j!   *������  si I'lbtu   ii    lit   proi  _>sjr   has
r 11 d    1 ���n   1  1     ue.iti m   of  1 ell
is    'in n     1!   'hi    vtcs-'ern     pienn.cc>
\  '11   li     .     s      -     '.tl'     In Id    III     15' l'n|.
e ii'd.iib   1
^ '   .1 ll     tui OH,       '   ,ts,      l  ,    c )i  li' .
'till   1. pii. 1 1   i)   '1,',-e   fl'c   01 di 1  is,
1.11111*1     a   1 1 n tie'1     .uul     pi mtablc
i, I-.'   ist   {.it!.) i,   but   ronii    iiiiarh-
alilt    pio'ii   ���:     i\ 1        iln .id        In it tc
n.ule        1 lie   f.rc.11   iti��s-it\    \ .is   lo
shoi    l' '  1   iiui   the iifc.-ssuv   ol   si
\\   tirei   ,,t    1 is     ro'liie     so   thai   tlie
birds   '<    le   da   .sill   f>n c   L1.11    t   it,1
so.ii.ibh   i.HUii   lor  llic  le. tl  1c   e'm;
.heui    md,   ))  vt   in   liupoil.11 cc     i .is
the  study   f't  pr_.ctie.tl  111101 s  ,0  ie
duce  .is ii.mli  ^s  P's"-sitle   tIn   t! tc'
en s  II  t    of L.
Much \ ork 111 both timet, directions was being done bv the poibi\
department of the university,
Prolfs��or Baker stated ; that ihe
value of the poultrv business in this
province amounted to about $7,000,-
0m 01 $S.000.009 a year and he.sva.
s.ire this could be greatly, increased,
ihere is much 100111 for-improvcir.ent
in both th; piodiu tion aiid the irtars
kctintr of tht products of the poultry
bu-ii'e~= ip Saskatchewan.'.The. work
t��t the ui'i\ c.-sity had(Qt:_: late'hot
b'eii a> colllp!rt(, .1^ might, have been
otsi'ig to v ar conditions, but when
natters wore readjusted more gatis-
f..*-*orilv operations cord'! be undertaken ���Saskatoon  Star.
'Llic vtntci, a few da.,;, ago, vsat.
privileged to visit the Diumhcllcr
co-^l fields,, which is declared to be
among the largest 111 Canada Druni-
hcllcr. wlntli is a town ot 11101 c than
2,^00 peisenis, js lot lttd on tbe < an-
adian Norlhern i.tibsav, SS miles east
of (..ilgaiv, on 'he hc.l ])to Pmr
Iu addition lo Uits b.nv onl> one
inst me e 11 .lull .In t .111 uh in
North, in miIs.ts, iiivfi*-ei through
distiit is i" In it iidiistnts ot n.itional
mijioit  me   .ue   |o< .tteel,   this     uans-
] oilitioil nill'ptliv lias bill) .11 tlll-
ineiil.il to ,1 lai!;** c.tiiu in the tH
vloin 'it (jt m.iii> )\ < in td.t - it'thii-
trirs. jMr'.icnlarlv the kj.iI .it'd '"1111
bet .md 'ive stock 1 iilu tne- -.net
ihe opening up of M.i 'own b\ the
raiiv. i> toi'M ti.j m l''ll 1 ,t.l 'I'5
d.t\, Di uiuIkIW 1 1 is ri < n k.imvii
thi coal rovsn tnd it in.ij iigl.th hi
.���.id to be si,_.)i ���"o.'l n im il at
Drumhell'r is supplied noi <,nl\ to
priinr pi o*-lutes of Mai-itob > -s.is
k.iti hewan .uul Vlberta, but is su (lm__;
a tiitle :ii"ikft in i lutein anel ( t n-
Iral British C 0I111 ibi�� j In tn\n is
bn 'f in .t v.ilb"\ which i�� \ ( 1 v pi
tuifseiue Vuineious     sh.*. hi     nd
j teets oinipied bv nuiuis, .is ,st m
s .iltejmn the t��>\Mi tri iii._h. mih-,
iit length <_)n eitlici kic lulls ot
considerable height niaj be *seen ior
imle��. In several ol these, ."earns ot
coal  are visible to the  naked  eye.
Foufteen mines are now in operation in this Alberta district, and lUany,
miles oi trackage has been built by
the Canadian Northern railway to
accommodate cars to transport the
daily output of coal. For miles hundreds of cars may be seen Waiting" to
be loaded with coal to be distributed
at various points iii the prairie provinces.   ���
The mires are operated ihc^ .-ear
round, provided laDor Is available,
Ihe slack season is irom April to
June.    Beginning: May   I,   1917,    the
form the seams lo ihe hoist by inc.ins
of small cjis, carrying about a ton,
and drawn by nuiSes or horses hach
mule or horse, as the case may be,
draws about four cars on an avciage
When a long li ml is inquired tin animals are airanged in tandem stvlc 10
nWdelled  Uicxr    collnis _,     ihti
ycji. iluch might be sud oi iln di-
velopiiicnt s.oik in all collieries vi the
Drumhcllcr diiiint .md gieat praise
is due ihe mine manages, who are
declared the best piaclic.il in..n.tgtis
111 Canada foi  the  excellent foresight
draw  iioiu    I'll lo te > 1 ,irs     fin ihi.  chsplajcd in the anangt incut 01  ti_i<-
111.1111 track, which is sevct.il hundred | ucls and pi ccattlioiis .1^ "ibl ..nidculs
feel long, clectiic lights iiiake it most   to# workmi 11
tonvinieiit  for the miners    .uul mi  I     '.lie. coal is bioughi  lo the  sul^allr,
ui.ils     'jfi   the  'ii.nn  passage  and  111 ] on a slot c s. uh   t notinh lur .1 double
pUcis  iaIIkI   .oonis,  the   huikis  tisc I tuck,   po'sti   is     upi'u d   bv   .1     in.
���t s,i,.,U Limp, containing calcium c 1     hoist   pown   nihiu,      doubh     dm  i
i>idt, ,imei electric lamps joist is 1   .1.
1.  each     line, more  th.tu   HO men     , i ht   'i'"-11""   *""\  ����   **>��*c��l     ho\T
-     emploved  ,,i   ��K  , o.il   whnh    i^J1* '","  '"'li  ���','������->K  ^lst down  iu
iiO-S   linriir.g pl.ic   in  main   li .'lies  ol   . u
'lit   \\ c-ii     The workmen go on ilu!.   -���'
t  <*i_f'it of'oek     h.tch   1110111. 1 '     u
niitH'-     l\ti\  .nun   is ventilated
huge 1 111 -^   Mstr.i! .11 e driven    by
!,oisi   j_os ei   11 _ii 1
tt <,iiisa,i.i 11   ot  tveti'   nook  and  i'*
.ie)   in  the ijiincs is made bv   ti\o ex
uimueis.  I'ui   houis  before   tht     1 ie 1
t,o  on   duts        I bis  1-   to   detect  g.r
Ihe  fN.irumi is  carr>     sifet\     1, > ipe
these lamps .ire math  in ��.,u li in.iuii 1
lo go out iiinntd.dtel_t   g.._= ���� disccv
1 n d      I ach miner has his own vs >r'
' lo elo     "sonic   nuneis work b>     pi (
' wo-k, ctlhers b} d.i\, in ci'li-i c��s.
thru leimtntration ..vertges mi h
n ore  thin lite avcrf.ge laborer
1 ihe .Min ol t oal which avci .ges
about  sis.  feet thick is  cut by ?  st\
'1 he fan in
1 capacity o��
1 mute against
This air ii
the   variou*.
by means    of
ittbic feet    of
snej
liir    \   li   t       iiniiC   ll is
ltl'l 111)1}  ��� i hn    I   ft   pei
one   iri h   v ,.ti 1    '.i'   i
distnbu 1 d   . i/i.i'1       1
rooms   in   1! e   mine s
deor.,       1 \ o   hi lull etl
air    pii    inipu'i     to caeh    man
animal is 1   ([uiied by liw.
'- might be supposed that coat
niuiiiif; ia in_, t'lint, but clean. This
behci is 1 ��� "iro.n the truth. Very,
hitle d *st is nciccd in the mine<
When ihe ,i'ti ascend from tliei-ij
flA.'s work thej are given a showe?
in the v a*l) shop on the surface.   Iv$
and a half foot cutter bar.01    steel [ this shop there are ten shower*   otj
with a pick set in chain, driven by 30 i hot and cold water.   This building i*
horse power motor.   This cutting of j Ije-fted in  wirilcr.: by exhaust    iteaui
the scam continues t.11 a length   . off bv big radiators: ;:
about 25 feet is made.    By bars and!   "In -the   Druniheller: Valley. .twtSf
picks then the cOal is mined to a. distance of live and a half feet > high
leaving in some cases about half; a
foot of coal at the top for a support
to the roof.'- While the seam is being
cut, which is. usually by two.: men,
tracks are bring contsrucled in order
to have this coal conveyed immediately.
From 500 to 600 tons a day is the
he
>������*���_(
output in the Newcastle roal mine On . incrcial r.i v*.v
cams of coal arc operated. Ir ih��
Newcastle;;:-'A;.B.C., Premier, _ "Atiai
and Western Gem mines coal is ovi
five feet thick, while in the'mines ii^
the lower seam, coal is seven feee
thick. These r��lilies inchidr the Mor.4
arch Collieries, N.A. Colliers. MieU
land. Sterling, Dr'.i"i!,el!rr, Hosdale^'
Star Mining Co. '; - K>-.sr<irSr Coal:
Mining C".  . nd  '''-*   \\ �������*"��� n    Coki-? "S,
533E    LEDGE.    GREEN WOGJX    B.   G
THE ONE CHANCE FOR DEMOCRACY
IS FOR ALLIES TO WIN THE WAR
A  CONFLICT   BETWEEN  TWO  OPPOSED  SYSTEMS
Elihu Root Declares That the Entry of the United States Into the
War has been Grasped as the One and Only Chance for the
Preservation of their System of Government
 : o	
Elihu Root, addressing the conference of American Bar association
delegates at Saratoga Springs re-
rently, likened Germany to a burglar in the house.
"There can be no talk of peace and
���ccurity of democracy with Germany in her present position," Mr.
Root said. "If Germany had succeeded in w'hat she started out to
do, and had come out with her power unbroken, and wc had been unable to defend our right and had not
held Germany down in the last five
months, her heel would have been
on our neck.
"Sin Without Trace"
Up
German Method    of    Covering
Murders at Sea
The German government is report
ed in press despatches as disclaim5
ing responsibility for Count Lux-
burg's plan for sinking neutral and
other merchant vessels, "leaving no
traces," on the ground that the proposal emanated from a single German diplomat" and was not in fact
adopted by the higher authorities.
Two circumstances���aside from the
.���..,        ��� . ,���__,!      fact  that  no  official  German    state-
ihe effect of our entry into the  nien can , r bc rcg;lr(led as
���war is  that    we    havc    surrendered  presumptively true���render this    -*-
Teuton Atrocities
N. D. Hillis    Returns    With    New
Tales of Horror Supported by
First Hand Evidence
How Rasputin
Served the Kaiser
sonic of the liberty wc have asserted. Our property must bc invested
in war protection. Wc cannot have
free democracy and war, and the
result is that if you live in the presence of military autocracy you cannot make democracy. If you retain
democracy you must kill autocracy.
"Our entrance into this war has
been grasped at as tln^ one chance
for the preservation of our system
of government and our independence
an independent court, and the right
'of American manhood to assert individual right against all power, and
continue the free republic which our
fathers handed down.to us. Our successful prosecution -of the war is
the only way we can make that
chance successful. We arc in war,
and the principle for which we fight
is liberty, independence, ~ and our
American life.
"It has become perfectly evident,"
Mr. Root said, "that this is a conflict between two opposed, and inevitably opposed, systems of governments, of policy, of policies, of
human society. It has become perfectly evident that our war was
brought on with a purpose to establish a military autocracy. It has become perfectly evident that more
than a generation of careful preparation had been made for this _ very
thing, and that the democracies of
the world, rejoicing in peace and
prosperity, in political freedom, and
in individual liberty, were in great
measure and in differing degree unprepared to meet this attack upon
them.
"Slowly they have gathered to the
support of the principle of their lives
the principle upon which they live,
against the adverse attack on this
principle, the domination of which
means the .death of democracy and
the everlasting destruction of the
system of individual liberty of which
we arc the high priests of the bar.
"So long as there exists a great
and powerful' military autocracy
which has the purpose to secure
domination by military force* so long
republics. democracies, countries
which preserve individual freedom
and individual rights, countries which
subordinate government to freedom,
must be at the mercy of autocracy.
As well go to sleep with a burglar
sitting in- your front hall as to talk
about the peace and security of a
democracy with Germany still competent tci pursue its career of domination.
"We are in the fight, and the
stake for which we fight is liberty,"
Mr. Root added, "aud it is our bar
which'stands _ at the door through
which oppression must enter. It is
l.ot so easy for the farmer to sec
there will be a difference in his
crops, or in the sale of them; for
the manufacturer to see that anyone will stop wearing clothes or
���.hoes or using machinery, but it is
easy for us to see that with the domination of that military system that
subordinates the lawr, that makes
the bar but" a clog to an administrative system of government, and
leaves to the bench up independence
���it is easy for the lawyer To sec that
everything he has contended for of
individual liberty and the supremacy
of the law over executive power���
will be attacked and destroyed if we
ilo not succeed in this war."
explanation eminently unconvincing.
(1) Count Luxburg's matter-of-
course manner of using the concise
phrase "spurlos versenken" strongly
suggests that he was referring tc a
practice already familiar to the authorities whom he was addressing.
(2) There is abundant evidence
that it has for some months been a
common German practice, to attempt
to prevent any survivors from escaping from torpedoed vessels. At
the meeting of the International
Conference of Merchant Seamen in
London in August a report (published in The London Times) was made
showing twelve known cases during
the months April-July in which
crews leaving sinking ships in lifeboats were attacked, usually by gunfire. In four of these cases the ships
were of neutral nationality. Other
instances of the same practice have
since be-jn reported. The case of the
Belgian: Prince is the most illuminating example of the art of "spurlos
versenken." Firing on small boats is,
of course, a loose and frequently ineffective method, since it is difficult
to bc sure that all of the crew have
been killed by the fire. The boats,
of the Belgian Prince, accordingly,
were rendered useless, and the crew,
deprived of their lifeboats, were
placed on'the deck of the submarine,
which shortly after submerged. Unluckily for the German designs, three
out of the crew of forty-four were
able to keep afloat until picked up
by a passing vessel. "Spurlosigkeit"
is after all, a somewhat difficult ideal
to attain to���which is the contemporary German equivalent of "Murder will out."���Prof. A. O. Lovejoy
in New York Tribune.
Food Will Win the War
Huge Advertising Campaign by   the
United States Food Administration
Through the co-operation of advertising companies, the treasury department, municipal authorities and
ylectric light companies, the U. S.
food administration is, without cost,
putting on a_ national outdoor advertising'campaign that is probably the
biggest thing of the sort ever undertaken. The slogan "Food Will Win
the War���Don't Waste It," is being
blazoned in every large city in the
country on immense signs on public
building's. These signs are uniform
in general design, in paint -for daytime display and illuminated by electric light for night.
Advertising companies have patriotically contributed their resources
without charge to install the sinus.
The treasury department has granted
the right to use the exteriors of federal premises- in the principal cities,
including postofliec buildings, which
are' under its chargf. Mayors and
municipal councils are permitting the
message to bc placed on city halls.
Electric light companies arc gratuitously furnishing and installing the
bulbs and supplying the  power.
Trenton, N.J., was the first city
to furnish a space un the fronl of the
municipal building. It was also at
Trenton that the first sign was placed on the po.-toflice premises. Since-
then many cilies have followed, in -
chiding Philadelphia, where spectacular tiedric si.fiis on the north and
south: sides of ihe city hall are b.-ing
installed. In Philadelphia ��l_>o four
I-urc. bulletins ;.rc being placed on
the postofliec. 4'tens have been perfected lor the same in New York
City,- Norfolk, Richmond /.nd niaiiv
other cities.
Iir the national capita! the local
electric power company has installed
a. big electric sign at 1'cnn'svlvania
pvcniic and Seventh street, with the
slogan shown bv means of more than
2,W0 lamps.'.
United States Troops
And the King
Writer Describes Splendid Spectacle
Witnessed in London Streets
One of the war correspondents of
an American newspaper, who happened to be present in London when
the troops of the United States passed through London, thus describes
his feelings when seeing King George
salute "Old Glory."
"I was anxious, however, to sec
our troops march past tlie king, so
I hurried up to the Mall in time to
see his Majesty make his appearance
with all that ceremony{which is always dear to the democratic heart.
As I saw him standing there, waiting
for the troops to come, it occurred
to rnc that here was just one more
historic moment that was crowded
into a succession of dramatic incidents that make one of the most significant chapters of the war.
Here you saw the head of the
mightiest empire of the world wailing for a host of soldiers, who were
themselves the symbol and the outposts of democracy. As I stood
there, watching his kindly face, and
realizing that in him are represented
all the kingly glories of England, J
felt that another great mile-post had
been set up in the journey of the
war. He was there as the emblem
of a democracy which is as free and
frank as our own.
1 noted the keenness with which ��lic
watched our troops; the rigidity
with which he stood al the salute;
the sense of fine appreciation ih.it
the whole royal party displayed.
And in a small way I felt sonic of the
feeling that' must have stirred the
hearts of those young men who
marched by,  recruited as they were
Documentary proofs make the
German atrocities in this *var far
better established than the outrage
of the Black Hole of Calcutta or the
scalpings of American Indians in
the early days, declared the Rev. Dr.
Newell Dwight Hillis in the first of
a series of. six sermons at Plymouth
church, Brooklyn, on impressions of
England, Belgium and France and
war.
Dr. Hillis asserted that the conduct of the Germans since August,
1914, proved the prophetic insight of
Goethe, who once said: "The Prussian is naturally cruel; civilization
will intensify that cruelty and make
him a savage."
"For three years German-Americans have protested that the stories
of German atrocities were to be disbelieved as English inventions, Belgian lies and French hypocrisies
but that day has gone by forever,"
said Dr. Hillis. "On a battle line
three hundred miles in length, in
whatsoever village the retreating
Germans passed the following morning accredited men hurried to the
scene to make the record against the
day of judgment. The photographs
of dead and mutilated girls, children and old men tell no lies. For
the first time in history the German
has reduced savagery to a science;
therefore this great war for peace
must go on until the German cancer
is cut clean out of the body.
"Days spent upon the records preserved in southern Belgium, northern France or in and about Paris,
days spent in the ruined villages of
Alsace and Lorraine, leave one nauseated, physically and mentally.
These atrocities also were committed, not in a mood of drunkenness,
not in an hour of anger but were
organized by a so-called German
efficiency, and perpetrated on a deliberate, cold, precise, scientific policy of German frightfulness.
"The Germans slaughtered old
men and matrons, mutilated captives, violated little girls; finding a
calf skin-nailed upon a barn door to
bc dried, tlicy nailed a babe beside
it and wrote beneath the word 'zvyei.'
(two); they thrust women and children between themselves and soldiers
coming up to defend their native
land; bombed and looted hospitals
Red Cross buildings; violated the.
white flag���while the worst atrocities cannot even be named in this
mixed audience.
"When the German army in Lorraine was defeated by one-half its
number it fell northward, passing
through French towns^ and villages
where there were no Frenchmen, no
guns, and where no shots were fired.
During July and August wc went
slowly from one. ruined town to another, talking with the women and
the children, comparing the photographs and the full official records
made at the time with the statements of the poor, wretched survivors.
"In Gcrbcyillicr, standing beside
their graves, I studied the photograph of the bodies of fifteen old
men whom the Germans lined up
and shot because there were no
young soldiers to kill; heard the detailed story of a woman whose boy
of fourteen, being nearest the age of
a soldier, was first hanged on a pear
tree.in the garden and, when the officer and soldier had left him and
were busy setting fire to the next
hous'e. she cut the rope, revived the
strangled boy
dicrs had retu
officer held 1
back, his assistant poured petrol on
the boy's head and clothes, set fire
lo him, and while he staggered about,
a flaming torch, they shrieked with
laughter.
"When they had burned all the
houses aud retreated, the. next morning the prefect of Lorraine reached
that Gclhscmane and photogiaphcd
the bodies of thirty aged men lying
as they fell, the bodies of women
stripped and at last slain, while in
the next village stood the. ruined
square belfry into which the Germans had lifted machine guns, then
forced every woman and child���275
in number���into ihe little church,
and notified the French soldiers that
if they fired upon the machine guns
they would kill their own women
and children. After several days'
hunger and thirst, at ���uidnighl, these
Some Amazing   Revelations of German Intrigue in Russia
William Le Queux, the well known
sensational novelist, has never imagined . anything more sensational
than the recital of facts he is laying
before   the   English people    through
Will Auairia Collapse?
The Military Failure    of   the
Parted Kingdom Practically Complete
Two-
Many have looked, from early in
the war, to see it end through the
collapse of Austria. The proximate
cause   of   this    three   years'    tragedy
               was   Vienna,   but the   ultimate  cause
the"columns  of-"the'WustratcT Sim-(w.as Berlin. The ultimatum to Serbia
day Herald. He has come into pos
session, apparently, of the contents
of a safe owned by Rasputin, and the
treasure trove consists largely of correspondence carried on between Rasputin and various other German
agents. It tells of plots to murder
Brussiloff and Korniloff, of instructions to stop Russian advances, of the
release from Russian prisons of German agents wdio had been detected,
besides revealing the ramifications of
Rasputin's blackmail scheme. He had
letters from various prominent persons, mostly women, which he intended to use to protect himself if
ever his power was threatened. Fortunately he did not have time to call
upon his victims for protection, as
he was murdered out of hand by a
group  of loyal  Russians.
One amazing letter was written to
Rasputin front- Berlin, in a secret
German cipher, and was dated August
29, 1916. It was written at the time
when it appeared that Brussiloff
would have effected his great offensive between Pripct and the Rumanian frontier. The signature, scribbled
in blue ink, was that of Steinhaucr,
chief spy of the kaiser, and controller
of the whole German secret police
throughout the world. The letter began by saying that it was a matter
of great urgency that the Brussiloff
drive should bc stopped and the battle turned iu a German victory "as
promised us in your despatch of July
1." Rasputin was accused of not.
keeping faith, and he was reproached
with tlie fact that Premier Stuermer
was inciting the Russians to victory
in his speeches. "His triumphant
I telegrams to Mr. Asquith must cease.
They only serve to encourage the
allies," warned the chief German
spy.
He goes on lo complain that a
couple of ammunition factories had
not been destroyed as ordered, and
protested that Kartzoff, a clock-maker, who had blown up explosive
works at Viborg, in which 400 lives
were lost, had been arrested and shot,
together with a woman named Raeve-
sky, whose father was in the department of the interior under Petropo-
poff, Rasputin had informed his German paymasters that the pair had
fallen in love, and that it was better
they should be. executed for fear they
might become dangerous. The apology seems to have been somewhat
churlishly received and the note proceeded to give Rasputin instructions
to secure the release of three or four
other prisoners, awaiting trial for
similar outrages. The letter went on
to specify certain ammunition works
which were to be destroyed, named
the agents who were to bc entrusted
alone could never have set the stage
for it. Degrees of guilt in such a
case do not particularly matter. Nor
can the most even-handed justice
apportion degrees of suffering. Austria at least has reached the point
where her suffering is greater than
her guilt. Whoever wins, she loses.
Thus it is that her desire for peace
has grown so keen that she will
make almost any sacrifices to attain
it. Probably the terms suggested by
the pope represent the minimum of
her concessions. Whether they do
or not, she cannot now escape the
fear that a worse thing is to befall.
The onward sweep of the Italian
troops has brought her to a lively
realization of her peril. The reported evacuation of Trieste by the inhabitants reveals the apprehension
that this sweep cannot be stayed. If
the Italians cauld take Monte Santo
they ought to be able to take Monte
Harmada.    After   that   the   deluge.
Whether    or    not    Trieste    falls,
whether or not Vienna is threatened,
the  military failure    of    Austria    is
fairly complete.  By nothing short  of
a  miracle could  the Austrian  troops
resume the offensive.   The best they
could hope for would bc a lingering
defence,    a  retirement as  costly    as
possible to the enemy.   But there are
other things  to be considered.      All
accounts agree that the internal condition  ol tlie  empire is  terrible.    It
is  doubted  if  the  people  could  survive    another    winter    of   privation.
There  is  something akin   to  despair
among the loyal    adherents  of    the
liouse of Hapsburg, something akin
to revolution among the- Slavic subjects of that house.      The revolt in
Bohemia    has    been    checked,    not
ciushed.      The    government    cannot
trust   many  of  its   own  soldiers    to
fight against their brothers in blood.
Resentment  at German    dictation is
growing  among   all   classes.   Austria
has been staunch to her ally, but at
fearful cost. She has been held partly by honor, partly by fear. But the
first motive can  weigh little now in
view  of    the    wholly    selfish policy
which Germany has pursued toward
her;    and    the    second must  weigh
less than it did before Germany herself began to show    signs of failing
power.    There is    every reason why
Austria    should     make    a    separate
peace.
Ever since he came to the throne
the emperor, Charles, has been anxious to end the war. He dislikes and
distrusts the German emperor. He
has no wish to play the German
game at the expense of the Hapsburg
monarchy. He realizes that the stoppage of the enormous waste in money and men, the  inauguration  of    a
GERMANS ARE FORCED TO REVISE
THEIR ENTIRE TACTICS OF DEFENSE
ENEMY FRONT  LINES AIjE BATTERED  TO PIECES
A Recently Captured German Document Tells of the Manner in
Which the Allies Regularly Break Down Defences of Enemy
By Heavy Artillery Before the Battle Actually Begins
 _ O .       :	
War Prisoners
Brutally Used by Huna
Inhuman     Treatment     of     Russian
Prisoners by the Huns
Another chapter is added to the
story of the tortures of German prison camp., by a Russian soldier, who
escaped by tunneling with a knife under the electrically charged _ fence
along the Antwery-Rosendaal line. It
has been forwarded to the U.S. slate
department from Retrograde
Brutal treatment aud poor and insufficient food have cost Germany
the labor of thousands of prisoners,
he says. One labor battalion on the
western .front, consisting of 2,000
men, has been reduced by starvation,
exposure, beatings and death to less
than 500. The daily rations for a
prisoner, he reported, consisted of a
small amount of bread and turnip
soup, the soup enriched occasionally
by a bit of horse meat.
The unfit, the wounded and those
who havc lost members of their body
were kept in invalid camps until they
died, but never, he says, returned to
camps in Germany because the officers in command feared the pyscho-
logical effect upon the people of the
sight of the maimed men, often little
more than animated skeletons.
Stern and implacable methods were
used to compel prisoners to work
Ingenious tortures that ended only
short of death were inflicteel on some,
while others were shot outright. Punishments varied from enforced standing at attention for a day at a time
without food, to beating with rifle
butts and to hours of suspension in
the air, with ropes being tied to
wrists, while prisoners' hands were
held behind the bodies, the result being to throw the weight on the unnaturally twisted muscles of arms
and shoulders. Such methods in his
own battalion, once 2,000 strong, had.
reduced it lo 350 at the time he es
caped.
British Relations With U. S.
Campaign of Education to Create
Better Understanding Is
Advocated
with the various tasks, and also  the   policy  of  internal   reforms,   the  sat-
amount of money he was to pay out
in each case. In parenthesis it is to
be noted that in tlie Rasputin dossier
were found one hundred advice notes
of German money paid to the monk
through the most unsuspicious channels.
He was instructed with consider-
able particularity how he should^ ar- j peace
range the murder of Korniloff. He
was to bc removed by the accidental
explosion of a hand grenade "in the
same manner in which Gen. Zhukov
LL     11...     IUJJV,     _v.wvv._-     w.v-      ---- -- _
,' only to find the sol-: S^Y was removed m March last, at
timed, and, white the j Pultusk." The chosen ^assassin was
ler hands    behind    her to be a soldier named Paul Knzhly-J
isfaction of the political aspirations
of the non-German races arc the
only alternatives to the dissolution
of the empire. If Austria was willing to offer the Trentino to Italy to
prevent her entrance into the war,
she will quite conceivably be willing
to make, greater concessions to bring
The more she_ delays the
harder the task of saving anything
will be. Threatened men lire long,
and disintegrating, nations show a
remarkable   force   of   cohesion.
there is a point at which the will as
well as the power to resist ends. Has
Austria reached that point? Is she
sky, who as a despatch rider had ac-'��� on the verge of utter collapse? We
cess to headquarters. He was to pre-j may not have to'.wait many_ days
tend to be examining a bomb, "a \ for the answer to these questions.���
pineapple one in preference," and re- j Philadelphia  Public Ledger.
lease the pin by accident    For  this! , .__	
service he  was  to  get  1,800  rubles. ; jje^tij,,,. fTio
The attempt was made upon Kornil- j * 1&*1 ll"fe>   k"���
off ten -days.later:    The  general's| Submarine Campaign
horse was killed  on the    spot,    but . r    ��
_ In the light of this huge conflagration w'C can all of us, on both sides
of the Atlantic, rate at their true
value the trumpery boundary disputes, the irrational and manufactured controversies, that for so long
kept Great Britain and the United
States apart. They have now come
together under the stress of an unprecedented crisis, but a- crisis that
will infallibly recur if they again fall
apart. Far beyond anything else,
the peace of the world depends on
a working union between its great
democracies, and especially between
the United States and the British
empire. There will or there will not
But j be a ''next time" very largely as
these two vast federations succeed
or fail in shaping their future policies in common. But among the
self- governing English - speaking
peoples policy follows opinion. It is
not enough that their respective governments should act in common.
They must be buttressed by that informed opinion which can only
spring from knowledge. The United
States and the British empire must
learn   to  know  one    another.     They
Korniloff escaped with a cut on the.   .       . .
face.    What happened to the soldier ! Tonnage at the Disposal of the Allies . their divcrsiiieu
Now Steadily Increasing
i     Three
! carrying
brave women slipped a little
through the church window an
bade their husbands fire upon the
German in the belfrcy, saying they
preferred death to the indignities
they were suffering. And so these
Frenchmen turned their guns, and,
in blowing that machine gun out of
boy'Who would provide him with poison. < ;'���'
and  The next step was to have  pcrmis-1.'
from farm and factory, representing j l��.c l>cltr>; kl.ll.?d Uvcnt>' of lhc,r own
many races and bloods, but. besi of "YJ"" ,a"d children,
all, the proud old Fnglish strain I, And here on this pulpit are, in
which is the. mother of them all. |'v"ll'f- liic. l?c.0/^ oi m?r.c tllan. ,a
I have only one regret about ves-! thousand .individual atrocil.es, with
terday and it is that the whole ol ! tht\ .original photograph
our people could not see what I saw Iiuul  documents  resting m
iffidavits
ihe  arch-
is   not   known,   nor  is   it     explained
how it would be possible for a man
lo give an air of realism lo an accident with a bomb which killed somebody else and spared the bomb-drop-   f'.1"0^"1 .\^] _.������,, ;._.   ,_, ���,, __
per." Unless the thing could he made ! ��,,cr>1 ���u,b'- realised depends on a
lo appear like an accident, what good , KU����bcr   ,��.f.     ��r���.nslanccs.      chief
would the 1,800 rubles be?                    |ani��nff which. ,s the supply of labor
Brussiloff was to be removed    bT jfnd, r:nv ��^"'^- ^c :ilc Ilot   lk<^
|1o  learn   what  progress  has   actually
i must bc made conscious through all
millions of that
ideals   and  instinc-
cenlral   unilv-  of
.mother  means.  \Rasputin    was    in-1. ,     .     -.    ���    .���.,_���._
slructcd to send to n certain doctor j bf'.cn '"a-Je   but it is known  tor ccr
! lain   that  already   the   tonnage   	
. live ways of looking  al  things    and
nillion    tons of new  cargo-j forms  of    government    and    society
ships   is     the   government's i that bind them closer  than  the  peo-
he  current year.  Whe-   pics of any other two politically separated  entities on  earth.      A  simultaneous     campaign     on   education  in
the   United   Stales   on   Great   Britain
and the Briiish empire, and in  Great
Britain on the history and dailv  life
and    institutions    ancl  temper of the
American  commonwealth,     would  b._
The terrific power of the Anglo-
French bombardments is forcing the
German high command to revise its
entire tactics of defence on the west
front. A few months ago, the enemy
still relied on earthworks, trenches -
and deep underground shelters to repel our assaults. Under the smashing violence of the Anglo-French
bombardments in Flanders, in Champagne and Verdun, he revised that
view. In a recently captured enemy
army order the German command
itself admits how fallacious hopes
built on sand and concrete proved.
The document begins by plaintively recording the fact that the
German front lines are regularly
battered to pieces by our artillery
before the actual battle begins. Power of defensive, it says, depends on
the possibility of hiding the means
of defense. Trenches, shelters, machine guns emplacements, and batteries once, photographed by the Anglo-French airmen are doomed to
certain destruction by their artillery.
Under such fire it is hopeless to attempt to repair damage. An entirely
new principle of defense ia needed
and the order proceeds lo explain.
For the old system of positions
on which the enemy artillery can
register and which the enemy can
therefore destroy there must be one
substituted. A zone of defense organized in depth is recommended towards the rear. This system, with
its defences hidden as much as possible from the enemy observation
and troops echeloned in'" depth in
such a' manner that their lines, thin
in front, become progressively denser towards the rear, ought to enable us to pass from the defensive
tot he offensive with troops occupying thicklier held positions in the
rear.
But how are men echeloned in
depth towards the rear to be hidden
from observation of our airmen arid
gunners, which admittedly Is the all-
important thing? The order explains
that this is to be done by abandoning the trenches and retiring to
'shell crater nests' held by groups of
men with machine guns. This instruction has particular application to
the ground such as that upon which
Anglo-French armies are fighting.
Shell craters redoubts are to be arranged in depth like a square of the
same color on a chess board and
their protective capacity is to be_ increased by running a system of Ijttle
chambers. The chambers are carried
on timbers like galleries in a mine
into their sides and where possible
connecting one shell hole with another by timbered-up passages the
essential point being that seen from
above these shall be nothing to distinguish them from any of the thousands of shell craters surrounding
them.
The earth burrowed out of the
organized craters is lo bc thrown into the neighboring unused craters or
if possible spread on the ground between. "Thus," says the order, "we
shall obtain shelters, which from
without look like ordinary shell Craters and will be safe from an observation." If the ground is so wet
that it is impossible to dig galleries
the troops must bc content with such
shelters as unimproved craters provide. The front line, or . organized
crater should be protected by wire
entanglements in an irregular pattern, so arranged as to afford no
clue to the situation of the crater
line.
_ The. importance of the document
lies not only in the new tactics it
prescribes but in the frank recognition of tlie effectiveness of the
work of our guns and our airmen,
but above all, our airmen. If a thing
can be registered by our airmen's
cameras it will be destroyed, is the
axiom from which the whole order
starts. The moral for us is easv lo
draw.
^osi-
of    Brusilofl"s!I,,<:d
sion granted to one _
body servants to invite a friend in
another regiment, the latter being a
German agent, to visit him at Brus-
siloff's headquarters. The friendly
assassin, being provided with the
poison which was guaranteed to produce tetanus, was to introduce it into
the general's food. It turned out
that the poison was dropped into
some coffee that was drunk by another officer, who died in a few days.
The price for this job was set down
is   vastly   better  than   it   prom- j a  contribution  of    ihe  first  moment,
to  be  at  the beginning  of    the I not merely io their present comradeship in  arms,   but   to  their destinies
hereafter.���From  ihe London Times.
Great Silent Hero
I year.
���    After    six    months    of    intensive
commerce  destruction by Hun   sub-1
'marines, there is today more tonnage j
iat the disposal of the Allies for tlicj
I carriage of goods  than was the  case ��� 	
last February! How bas this re-; Heroic Sergeant Who Pushed on
liiarkablc result been attain.ul? Part-] Until Object Was Attained
ly hy a speeding-up in the building! "nie par;s "Petit lournal" has
yards of all the Allied countries, but brought before France the story
mainly by a more economic use of I 0f great unknown heroes of the war,
existing  tonnage. |an(i :ts ]atf_sl contribution  deals  with
The shipping controller, Sir Joseph i a   neroic  ePrgeant  "just one  of  those
cheering humanity was  to fee!   that
Freedom is    secure    and    that     the   _
world will be safe for democracy.       ! ^Arner
Pigeons   to   Aid   American
Army  in  France
Spuds on  a Tomato Vine |     Major-General        IVi-rdiing.      coin-
Joseph At. Stephenson, secretary of ! niauding the I'liiteil States army in
the agricultural preparciluuss !<'a. uc. ! France, has aske'd for thousands of
of Scranlon, which has ben rncour-| carrier pigeons to as..i.-.t American
aging the farmers to plant ineica-cd " aeroplane observi-rs iu .sending their
acreage this year owing lo the \s.i.\ report* .md maps of German po_-i-
has   succeeded   in   growing   lOii.._i.n .���> ' .ions  back   ;o  In::��i<siia:-icrs.
up
"Mrs!   Flubdub    is     quite
'"What ails h��.r now?''
"Seems she- inadvertently-- p.iid
somebody a call she didn't .- really
owe."���Louisville Courier-Journal. -
and  potatoes on the same vine.
Karly in the spring Mr. Sl<p!*<.!i
son look five healthy tomato pl..tu-
nnd a like number of potato pi.uit-
and grafted them. The hybrid plant.-.
thrived, and to date 30 fine fary upc
tomatoes have, been picked fr��>i i .,nr
of the plants, while investigation of
the root of the same plant rcvinhfi
a cluster of fine potatoes,��� PI;-"'..
delphia" Record.
The Czar's Banishment
Nicholas  Romanoff and  his
arc  now  living in  a  fourteen
apartment  on   the  second  floor  of  a
large old  fashioned house al  Tobolsk
Siberia.     The   former   emperor     and
cnipiv.ss   each   havc    a    room,      two
roeuns   have   been   put   a^ide   for   the
four  daughters  and  one   lor     .'\lo_i-_,
the former heir apparent.  The house
i- without a garden and the oulv \s_iv
of  gelling  frfih  air N   from   a' small
b.ilconvv-  Their  new   home- v,;is . n .t
ready  when   the   family ' arriv'.1
i ! they    wire  compelled   to  spi-.'.l
!<Iav<  abroad  tin-   small   Miami ���'
.,..���,,' which  the v     travelled       ihe !;.-
aviators i     .,        �� .,      .,���   _    .
far over ' l!,',('~  down  the    I oho!   river.
lines  ihev   fasten  to  the
any    map    or    report
i chant   slurv, is   now   employed   m   the : ...ess-like  fashion,  said,    "Onr    work
i capacity   for_ which   it   is   best   fitted, t js  to  go  ������   _jh   ue  aro  ordered     to
! Hundreds,  it  not  thousands, of <ditp.�� , nait "    j\u. ori\er ,};,[  IK)t     ronu.  till
inulv , have   been   withdrawn   fresiu   govern- j t}lc t|,;n] i;Iu. ot" .*,.. cn,.,,lv v,a_-  mic-
roisin . n-eiii -eivicc and ivMored to the food ' t-c ___ j, j tlji v- pinned     lu-t on 'the
:_u.l   iii'.iniii'-ns   c.-.rryinc.   trade.       On | ,ju.  victory,  a  bullet
Sir   l-.nc   (iceldcs   at ;
I.
ccsm'uIIv pierced, lu.-l on tl>e < vc oi
nuniii'-ns carrying^ trade. On | ,ju. victory, a bullet si ruck ihe ser-
.thcr hand. Sir l-.nc Gecldrs 3t!pcant to (nf ground. UU place,
the admiralty sees to it that not a \ however, was taken bv a soldier and
building l.irtli is h'fl empty in any fjlat company finished with every
part of the kmirdoin, so long as lie   Germ - --      -  -
can   find  a   rivet   and   u   man   to  dr'V
t!
; All French fi>rtres.-es for many
. year.- have had their pigeesn lofts.
,  The   employment   o;   bi:d*   wiiliMicl:
remarkable   hon'ii.g" ijn.-iitie.s   in   con-
|iiecii"ii villi acror,hue., is  new. he.sv-
lur. -Bird-,  arc  bred  in   lofts  belli
��� ihe   French   lines  and   trained  to    re
turn   to   these     I.,i;~.       The
take!   he  birds up, _md  when
1 the   German
pigeon's   b g
it.
.hick
inn.
1 s , |V
. on
'"��� i'i s
The   -hip]ling   problem   v. iticl'    s\a
__> lone   r.'V'h ."I'd is now beinf;  taek-
lii  rie-ht  ci.-'od earnest bv some of
We
but
_ni within sight put out of busi
The   lournal   remarks.    "It   is
' thutiks io such acts that l.aui_x_narck
; UC:
,1-
i_.'d.   crossed,     ancl     left
Britain's bric'lil. s,t business  men
i re  still  in   the   Wood,  perhaps.
National Boots
even
il.,
to
.irv
e.i
;c-hardencd     pe
that   he     sees
i   -   From     the
r-llllist ���
.".t>e_.
France
in,
"Old Fritz"' on the
Art of Reigning
Said Kings Should Not Be Bothered
With Religion
Apart from the widely know ex.
aniplcs of Frederick the Great's du-
j plicity and falsehood, il is of peculiar interest  to  recall  some  passages
1 from his Instructions in the Art of
Reigning, addressed by him to his
nephew, Frederick William 11. In
that work lie --aid-
Religion is absolutely necessary in
a state, but it would not be very
wise in a king-to have any religion
himself. Should it bc necessary lo
make a treaty wiih other powers, if
we remember that wr are Christians.
we arc undone: all would be over
with us. As to war, it is a trade in
which the least ��cruplc would spoil
evervlliinsr.
Do not .suffer yourself to he daz-
s*led with the weird justice; il is a
word that has different relation.-,
and is- -u-ccptihle of different con-
* tractions.
I understand by this word fpoli-
(icsl lh.it wc are ever to try to cheat
(ithc-r.s. 'J his priijcirlr being established, never be a-hamrd of making
alliances, am! of being yourself tlie
only parly that draws advantages
from (hem. Do not commit that absurd fault of not abandoning them
v.hcncvr it i- your interest tn do so.
Have you :i mind to pa-s for a
hero? ?lf/ik'' boldly your approaches
t'Vcii'i'.. -.
is  eood   policy   lo     be  perfectly
Diplomatic Retorts
which   they   di.-ire   m   n turn   ipiicUy ]      I'l.e   .\ni<'iicaiWii,iil,,i->cidor"-  -
to    French   heade'iu.rie r-,     and        the .' \ ei ,-aliou-   with   tlie   kai-cr   iee.<ll
��� ,\    biids ..liuosi iiivari.il-h   '___!  l.a.k is il': I anecdote of the eiicounti r bctw.
to I .-.re.it-   rapidity.       It   is   _-__id   that   the ; I.ritish   ambassador     and     Xat>..
K
Frtueh have
ing pigeons
lofts,   which
Jews  Urged  to  Be  Loyal
The   duty   confronting   every     I
in   the United States   to  be    Icnal
the  government  in   the    war  and   to
refrain     from    all   agitations   tending
lo   embarrass    iis     successful   prose   j lofts,  which   follow   the  lines   ot
cution,   was   ihe     dominant   note     of   advancing       troops,      although,
sermons  and    i-peie'ie*    delis cred  bs-1 course,   the  lofts   arc   not   moved
Jewish leaders in  _N"ev.' York in com   ! from   their  original  locality.
memoration   of   I.o.-di-l la-Shanah,   the!       "'	
Jewish  New  Year. I Fright Restored Girl's Si__lit
I     Fright   n*   ihe   sound   ot"   the
even surcceded in train- ! Bonaparte,     during  a   shci
to    return to    movable ! peace  it   wa.-  called  at   the
the; tween   England     and     the
of i lire-eater.       In   au   angry
i   in
li
'ca
converse
,        should'
.���'i:    <hi  ���'
���:��� , Lgypl_.
A Little Mistake
J mil s     wa?     a   vers-     i ..iimi
.'il and c.'cev.tri." otticer
particularly     dark     night   i:.
v, hil-t   practising     his   coiu-
pev-'-aded  tiiat
cvers iii ins-   ihal
When   Pi-iiSM.:
wc   h;ve
suits ns.
<h.-.l? hav
a   right
  ed  official  mice.    They must keep a
i.,.c iu-il'auy i" outpost  duty, he_ approached i register of  the   name?   of  purchaser*
Corsica:! ' onc OJ l*',c sentries, who failed ic hah   and must di.-plav the goods, with at-
lirst  Supply   on  Sale  in
Week
I he first -."rjpiv oi" "naiion-el boots"
will be on .-ale" thro.ighc._u  Fr.��ice  iv       w,,,,.   j...,,S;>i..  i},,n j,^, ...���,., ,,,.,.
the   tirst   week   in   October.      -Ml   re-I fof.,..,..,    .,   wW  ^   ....._,   r .,    ,-or
taikrs.  io v.hoiii  a  .air ,-._t- ot profit :,lir  ,_,  ,i%i.  j.^,, .;t;  a;r of il(K,lily
to rn _:a_re;'ient = ; an air whirl', at thr
most, bccon:.-* noflr !>v.t  great  states
v ill  be  a-.tured.   iru_.l   bind   ihemsel-
ves not to charge more than the fi.\-
far i tion,  Napoleon   said  to
him.
Is
>fi.Ci
���dor, "I   will make vsar  on   England.'
i "That is  voio" affair, sir,"  replied  ll
A Good Start
"Still thinking of buying * Jinle
farm sonic day and living th.. life of
_���  country gentleman?"
't'h,  yes,"    replied   llic." optimistic
llie    S(_.||;l(l    ot
during   the   reccM   raid   on
resulted in Miss Ruby   Uti^g <X Rose-
bank Road   recovering  her  sight   ift-
cr   iK-ieg  blind   for   focr   v_ ar*.     She
co'nphiincd   of   terrible   pain   al     ihe
mutilate  her."
"Th:.i.   Mr.   i?
ambassador.    "I  will
guns   added   the   cmperoi.
I..-V.5I.01I ; "ir affair,"  observed  ihe  ami. i-.--._dur
with   .���   line,   eoui'.h   hoc.���<Tri-ii.,_i
Set. ncc   Monitor. -  -
riic  ainba.-sa-'     1?'   a   Sfrat   rage   tue     olhcer     ue
iinanekd of the now  trembling sentry
���the  reason  why he  had    omitted
' challenge him.
"If  yo'u   pleas'*,   sir."  suitiTcd
couiusfd ,o!d:er, "1  theme'': s <-,
traciiv; price iah; !s
store  windows.
Half  a   million   pair
��jbe re^dy by the ucr
; her.    Ihe   p
'"' I or 28  franc��
or little s.Hcroigns.
How  faithfully  and
i   _.  ���     .i =:     present emperor las
ched in  their , *   .       ,       /       . .    -
! prtcepts ot
���   _. ���,, i luniv s  .mlv
.;   boots   will i
-ftectivrlv   the
followed  these
"Old   rrii/'     .he     -.'..rid
oo  ve>:!l.
.11
I
bring
:s�����..it
ic?   ot   :n
1 ile  b
���li' s
ss;
W.     N.     U,.   1179.
city dweller. "It's intc that I haven't j bad: of her head.-and
I h. en able to save a dollar yet to-{own words, "s, nieihina
Iv. ard bi.\"i:i_; "'!.. ' lit'le farm, but. snap." and'r-he i"'<!'!.d t
jl've picked eT.i .. corkinc. good name j crying.  "Oh,  nK'tl.r,   1
for it."���Bir.ni:i__hau_ Agc-Iltrald,      ' London Glob*.
incn,  n:
���   -r. m. i
L.-lur  '-.
can     se
No  Barley  for  German
iir       The  iii'r:ii.'.;i   v- 'r"io..d   ���!��� j
1 ���> '. .'.:'��� _io'_"k'< s   that     no     l>���r:c-y
:cr i av-iil.��b!>-  '.'is v. int..   '������!'   c < <i
"���! as it is  n< i ded  for  l_i.in_._n   -
itioo.
Pie?
.-a :
Quietly  Satirical
dirty     hands     >
::-.!-���>.     i-.iid   his    teacher.
>���,���'.1   \\hi   -,'V  it   1   came
._*   >.-. av?"
'      ''I    ������- ���������ihiu'l    sj y      -not'.!_>'
���'Jo'..:r.i>.    "I'd  be   ts;o pchti
iar arai'f.
ni'ig uf Nov em- ;
. ti"?   s]k,c=    wili;
..'i,  for v omen
1 '-.--.e    prices ,
������ ,-.     re,'. 12 e<'
'.'   ���   O.wls.
J.-
i'i
b. Uiceve-.t'
Wiped Out 21 Times
!:���   di-v'ssmt;   the   .-.'.rsrizcst.Ar:     ll:.-*
.he   'V'lisl    b.-.vc   hi en   saving    their
1 , i'-oop��  .'.cl  leaving  the   French     and
��� :hr Poiri:o'>!_�� to do the bulk of the
! M_T.ti.ie.   .-   s-__i_.____v.io:!   thai     was   in-
t i vented   i:1   ! .-"tv-.v .  ': c   X<.vY     York
you
'I , 'o
it the -
in" as
irif?kl
ll.iei
lU'CS
! Gu.-rd-" has,.
arVs   ;hri   the   Coldstream
kis days.���BaH_a-.re
:��� ._���". so ��� C'.".2
ii;' -oi..; :."������
Amtru'so,
con -':���:_ tv'il
sii.ee '.'"-' b
ronto   Mail  and   Empire,
d out and re-
i-cen  wipe
���.o   icwi   than  JI   time*
incing of the wtr.��� -.;�� THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
$2 a year in Canada,   and   $2.50   in the
United States.
R. T. LOWERY,
Editor and Financier
Rock Creek Fall Fair
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     *oo
Estray Notices '��� 3-00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  10.00
(Where more than one claim appears ir notice, $2.50 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
���_ach subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
B. C. Mines
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
lo have more money.
Do your bit by  buying Victory
War Bond8.
Save all the food that you can.
It will help to win the war,
Au. country merchants should
study and practise the art of newE-
paper advertising.
TnE railing class in Germany,
has hated the United States ever
since that country became a refuge
for the German revolutionists efter
1S48. This hatred will not grow
less in 1918.
When hesitating about buying
Victory Bonds, or grumbling because of meatless days and conscription, just remember that if it
were possible to overrun Canada,
with the same Teutonic barbarians
in the garb of soldiers that outraged Belgium would maim our
children, drag onr daughters into
slavery, and crucify them upon the
altar of Inst, and denude this glorious Dominion of everything worth
living and fighting for. Obliterate
the possibility of any such calam
ity by putting up your money or
muscle in defence of your flag and
country.
White Pine Threatened
Through the invasion of the
"white Pine blister ruBt," a virulent fungus disease imported from
Germany about seven years ago,
Canada is seriously threatened
with the extermination of her
white pine resources, probably fehe
most valuable forest aBset of Eastern Canada. This disease has
destroyed the white pine in Europe, has made Berious ravages in
the pineries in the northeastern
states, and is spreading in Ontario
and Quebec. Centres of invasion
are scattered from Maine to Minnesota in the United States, and
irom South-Weatern Ontario to
Southern Quebec in Canada, fehe
Is iagara peninsula being the mosfe
r-eriously infected disttricfe in the
Dominion. For its full development and for transmission to the
pina, the disease is dependent on
che currant and gooseberry bushes
The fact thafe ife cannot spread
directly from one pine feo another
offers a means of control and no
effort should be spared to combat
ihe ruet by exterminating the cur-
ran t and gooseberry bushes in infected or exposed districts, or at
least by prohibiting the shipment
from these regions of all currant
and gooseberry bushes and fruit
and by placing an embargo on the
importation of such stock. Unfortunately, the wild gooseberry is
equally dangerous as an intermediary in spreading the disease. Any
loss entailed by even the total de.
el-ruction of the whole currant family is insignificant compared to the
value of the white pine in Canada.
In 1914 the white pine production
of Fastern Canada, including logs
and sawn lumber, totalled $16,-
160,000. The cutting and manufacture of this timber furnishes
employment to thousands of men
and supplies hundreds of industries with raw material for which
no satisfactory substitute can be
secured. The white pine is.one of
the most important tax-payers in
Canada, and contributes np less
than 81,250,000 to, the total revenue of about $4,000,000 which
the four eastern provinces derive
annually from their forests.
"Wisdom is cherished by the few,
neglected by the many and hired
by the powerful.���Life.
The third Annual ^ali Fair held in
Larsen's Hall was a_, .1- a gre success,
although the season was r .ceptionally
elry, fine displays of fruit aud vegetables
were put up, and there was keen competition in the ladies section. Many visitors came in from the adjacent towns,
and the dance given in the evening for
the benefit of the Reel Cross was well
atteneled. The following is the list of
prize winners.
FRUITS
Wealthy, ist Mrs. Glossop; 2nd Rev
Wells, 3rd J. Blackadder. Mcintosh Red
ist J Blackadder, 2nd S. T. Larsen.
Wagner, ist J Madge, 2nd S T Larsen.
Jonathan, ist Commander Lewis,' 2nd D
Tait. Ben Davis, ist Bubar Bros, 2nd S
Danoff. Snow, ist Bubar Bros, 2nd D
Tait. Bismark, 1st Bubar Bros, 2nd
Major F E Glossop. Yellow Bell-lower;
1st S Larsen. Northern Greening, ist
Bubar Bros. Salome, ist J Madge.
Grimes "Golden, ist Bubar Bros. Northern Spy, ist Bubar Bros. Baldwin, 1st
Bubar Bros. King Pippin, ist Bubar
Bros, 2nd S Larsen. Russett 2nd S Larsen. Wolf River, ist Bubar Bros, and
A D McLennan. Delicious, ist Com.
Lewis. Winter Banana, ist Bubar Bros-
Fall Variety, ist Bubar Bros. Winter
Variety, ist II 1'cttendreigh, 2nd S Larsen. Best three boxes, ist J Madge.
Best Packed box, ist Com Lewis, 2nd J
Blackadder. Best box'' packed by ladies,
ist Mrs H Whitiug, 2nd Miss G Bell.
Plums, 2nd A D McLennan. Prunes, 1st
J Blackadeler. TranscendentCrabs ist J
Blackadder, 2nd Com. Lewis. Hyslop,
1st Rev Hudson, 2nd Com. Lewis. Any
Var Crabs, ist Rev Hudson, 2nd 13 Wilson
VEGETABLES
Potatoes, white, ist A D McLennan,
2nd H Whiting, 3rd Fd Hatton. Early
Rose, ist H Whiting, 2nd I S Shaver,
3rd Ed Hatton. Carmen No 2, ist Wm
Johnson, 2nd S Larsen. Any variety, 1st
Wm Johnson, 2nd A D McLennan. Largest potatoes, ist A McLennan, 2nd S
Larsen. Carrots Int, ist J Madge 2nd A
McLennan. Carrots, Short Horn. 1st H
Whiting, 2nd W Johnson. Winter Cabbage, ist W Johnson, 2nd H Whiting.
Red Cabbage, ist Ed Richter, 2nd H
Whiting. Cauliflower, ist Ed Richter.
Onions Red, ist E R Martin. Beets,
Globe, ist J Madge, 2nd Bubar Bros.
Beets, long, ist H Whiting. Beans, ist
Mrs L Anderson, 2nd Bubar Bros. Corn
ist Ed Hattou, 2nd Mrs. Auderson.
Squash, ist G Pitman, 2nd Mrs Auderson. Cucumber, ist W Johnson. Pumpkin, ist Mrs Anderson, 2nd A McLennan. Collection of Herbs, ist H Whiting. Marrow, ist Mrs Anderson, 2nd E
R Martin. Tomatoes, ist W Johnson 2nd
Mrs Anderson. Citrons, ist Mrs Anderson 2nd J Madge.
FIELD PRODUCE
Fall wheat, 1st A D-McLennan, 2nd W
Johnson, 3rd Ed Hattou. Spring wheat,
ist H Pettendreigh, 2nd W Johnson,3rd
Ed Hatton. Oats, ist Ed Hattou, 2nd
W Johnson, 3rd A McLennan. Barley,
ist A McLennan, 2nd W Johnson. Sugar
beets, ist J Madge, Mrs Anderson. White
Carrots, ist Mrs Anderson. Red Carrots,
ist W Johnson, 2nd H Whiting. Turnips, ist Mrs Anderson, 2nd Mrs Glossop.
Mangold Wurtzel, ist A McLennan, 2nd
H Whiting. Sheaf oats, ist A McLennan
2nd W Johnson. Sheaf of wheat, ist A
McLennan, 2nd W Johnson. Barley, ist
W Johnson, Bush Beans, ist Bubar
Bros. Best display of Farm Produce, W
Johnson.
DAIRY PRODUCE
Dairy butter, ist Mrs C Bubar, 2nd
Mrs J Madge. Eggs, white, ist Mrs McLennan. Eggs, brown, ist Mrs C Bubar,
2nd Mrs E R Martin.
LADIES EXHIBITS
Best white loaf, ist Mrs II Whiting,
2nd Mrs Pitman, 3rd Mrs F Bubar, Best
whole whe__t, ist Miss M Gane, 2nd Mrs
McLennan, Mrs C Bubar. Special for
best loaf ot Purity, Mrs H Whiting. Plain
cookies, ist Mrs McLennan, 2nd Mrs
Gane. Fancy cookies, ist Mrs Gane.
Home made wine, ist Mrs E Martin, 2nd
Mrs Gane. Collection of Jellies, ist Mrs
W Johnson, 2nd Mrs C Bubar, 3rd Mrs
Gane. Cherries, ist Mrs C Bubar, and
Mrs H Whiting. Raspberries, ist Mrs
H Whiting, and Mrs McLennan. Peaches
1st Mrs J Madge, 2nd Mrs H Whiting
Strawberry Jam, ist Mrs Gane, and Mrs
E Martiu. Collection Fruit, ist Mrs W
Johnson, 2nd Mrs II Whiting, 3rd Mrs C
Bubar. Coll Sweet Pickles, ist Mrs
Martin. Sour Pickles, Mrs McLennan.
Canned vegetables, ist Mrs W Johnson.
Fruitcake, ist Miss M Gane, 2nd Mrs E
Martin. 3rd Mrs McLennan. Layer cake
ist Miss M Gane, 2nd Mr3 W Johnson,
3rd Mrs McLennan. Girls cake, ist Maa-
garet Claak, 2nd Doris Clark. Loaf cake
ist Miss M Gane, 2nd Mrs. W Johnson,
3rd Mrs Roberts
SEWING
Childs Dress, ist Mrs Glossop, 2nd
Mrs Rock. Centre Piece, ist Mrs Powers
2nd Mrs Foyle Smith. Silk Centre Piece
ist Mrs Foyle Smith, 2nd Mrs A Thorburn. Baby bonnet 1st Mrs Thorburn,
2nd Mrs C Bubar. Baby Jacket, ist Miss
M Gane. Collection Knitted work, 1st
Mrs Bubar Sr, 2nd Mrs Thorburn. Knitted Socks, ist Miss M Gane, 2nd Mrs
Gane: Patching, ist Mrs Gane, 2nd Mrs
Rock. Darning, "ist" Mrs Rock, 2nd Mrs
Hamilton. Hooked Rug, ist Mrs O.Don-
nell, 2nd Miss G Bell. Button Holes, ist
Mrs Rock. 2nd Miss Debney. Picture,
ist Mrs Lindsay, 2nd Miss Bell.    -
CHILDREN'S WORK
Dolls Dress, ist Dolly Petendreigh.
Tea Apron, ist Dolly Petendreigh, 2nd
Rosa Lum. Writing, 7 to 10, isi Ira
Lutn, 2nd Winifred Whiting. Writing
11 to 14, tst Dolly Petendreigh, 2nd
Jessie.Caldwell.
Special Department Agriculture
Crocheted Poke, 1st Mrs Thorburn, 2nd
Mrs Foyle Smith. Crocheted Slippers,
ist Mrs McLennan. Crocheted Lace, ist
MreG_.ne; 2nd Mrs McLennan. Collection of Crocheted work, ist Mrs Bubar Sr
2nd Mrs Thorburn. .Best Apple Pie, ist
Mrs Roberts, 2nd Mrs McLenr.an.
The sain of-$160.00 for the Red Cross
was collected from the Dance and Meais,
Camp McKinney will come back
next year.
The Bell, in the Slocan may ship
some ore this winter.
Across the Naas divide S. P.
Fitzgerald has some molybdenite
claims.
The Mckle Plate at Hedley pro
duces about $15,000 worth of gold
a week.
More copper ore has been found,
at a depth of 500 feet aB Loon
Lake, Wash.
In the Yukon ore is being hauled
from the Big Thing mine to the
railway at Carcross.
In October the Northwest Co.,
produced 13,000 tons of magnesite
at Chewelah, Wash.
At. the Crescent near Ainsworth,
operations have been practically
suspended until next spring.
The consumption of silver now
exceeds the output, aud the price
will be good for a long time.
During October the mines of
Republic, Wash., shipped 8,400
tons mostly from the dumps.
It is reported that a good find of
copper ore has beeu made near
Kamloops, about two miles from
fehe Iron Mask.
Aboufe 1200 tons of zinc concentrates, are being shipped from the
Montezuma mill in the Slocan by
Henry Giegerich.
Near Stewart a wagon road is
being built up the Salmon river
valley. This will enable the Bush
mines to Bhip this winter.
In the Slocan the Rambler-Cariboo now has a steam plant, and
operations will not be interrupted
this winter by the weather.
In 1916, the coal produced in
B.C. was worth over $8,000,000.
The entire coal product of Canada
was worth nearly $39,000,000.
A meeting of the North Star Co ,
will be held in Toronto this week,
to consider a bid it has received for
the North Star in  East Kootenay.
The ore body in the Virginia,
near Danville has widened to 20
feet. The values run from $20 to
$60 in gold, copper and silver,
principally gold.
George Petty has bonded the
Black Colt and Hinckley, near
Three Forks from W. Hastie
Adams, for $15,000. Petty was
the locator of the Monitor.
R. H. Stewart is in full charge
of the Slocan Star near Sandon.
The company will soon spend $40,-
000 in development of new ore
bodies. The Star mill cost $60,0o0
the power plant, $40,000, and the
tram $15,000.
Up to date the mines in Phoenix have Bhipped over 13,000,000
tons of ore, and still bave millions
of tone in reserve. The ore shipped produced 17 pounds of copper
to the ion, and 75 cents in gold
and silver. The Phoenix mines
have done over 24 mileB of diamond
drilling.
Don't Think Quick Enough
Before introducing Lieutenant
de Tassan, aid to General Joffre
and Colonel Fabry, the "Blue
Devil of France," Chairmon Spencer of fehe St. Louis entertainment
committee, afe M. A. A. breakfast
told thiB anecdote:
"In Washington Lieutenant de
Tessan was approached by a pretty
American girl, who said:
" 'And did you kill a German
soldier?"
'��� 'Yes,' he replied.
" 'With what band did you do
it?'
" 'With this right hand, he
said.'
And then the pretty American
girl seized hiB right hand and
kissed it. Colonel Fabry Btood
npar by. He strolled over and
said to Lieutenant de Tessan:
"Heavens man why didn't you
tell her fehat vou bit him to death?"
Chewing
IS THE WORLD'S BEST CHEW
It is manufactured
tobacco in its purest
form.
It has
flavor.
a" pleasing
It is tobacco scientifically prepared
for man's use.
��_
JOHN CROPLEY
GREENWOOD
Blacksmith, Carpenter and
Wagon Maker
HORSES  SHOD
On the most modern and scientific
principles
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
T.   THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
CASH paid for
Hides,   Pork,    Fresh
Eggs and Country
Produce
BROWNS - Midway, B.C.
LAND  ACT.
I, CYRIL RADAN, of Kerr Creek in
tbe Similkameen Division of Yale District, Rancher, intend to apply for permission to lease 80 acres of land, bounded as follows:���
Commencing at a post planted at the
North-West corner of Lot 20S4S; thence
North 40 chains; thence East 20 chains;
thence South 40 chains; thence West 20
chains to the point of commencement,
and containing 80 acres be the same more
or less..
Dated October 20th, 1917.
CYRIL RADAN.
Synopsis ol Coal Mining Regulations.
COAL mining rights of the. Dominion
in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the
Province of' British Columbia, may be
leased for a term of twenty-one years
renewable for a further term of 21 years
at an annual rental of $ 1 an acre. Not
more than 2,560 acres will be leased lo
one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the Agent
or Sub-Agent of the district in which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 -which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents tier ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent wtth sworn returns
accounting for the full auantity of merchantable coal mined ana pay the royalty
thereon: If the coal mining rights are
not being operated, such returns should
be furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only.
For full information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.  B.��� Unauthorized publication of
this advertisement will not be paid for.
British Columbia has been
here a long time so has
the B, C. Cigar. Absolutely Guaranteed. Clear
Havana Filled, The Cigar
that never varys.    .   >   .
Haveyou triedonelately?
WILBERG&W0LTZ
B. C. CIGAR FACTORY
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C
���_n��B_nBm
J. B. CAMERON,
Leading Tailor of the Kootenays.
KASLO    B C.
FRED A. STARKEY,
NELSON, B. C.
MINING
BROKER
PROSPECTS   BOUGHT   AND    SOLD
The Knob Hill Hotel
PHOENIX.
One of the largest hotels in
the city.   Beautiful location,
fine rooms and tasty meals.
A. O. JOHNSON     -     PROP.
TULAMEEN HOTEL
Princeton, B. C��� is the headquarters for miners, investors
and railroad men. A fine location and everything first-class
J. N. MacPHERSON. Proprietor
D. R. McELMON
WATCHMAKER and JEWELER
Copper St., Greenwood
ASSYABR
E. W.. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box bi 108, Nelson, B. C
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper
$1 each. Gold-Silver, (.single assay)
j.1.00. Goid-Silver (duplicate assay)
$r.50. Silver-Lead $1.50. Silver-Lead-
Zinc $3.00. Charges for oth��T metals etc
on application.
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Float
C LOA.T is not a periodic-
r al. It is a book containing 86 illustrations all
told, and is filled with
sketches and stories of
western life. It tells how
a gambler cashed in after
the flush days of Sandon ;
how it rained in New Denver long after Noah was
dead; how a parson took a
drink at Bear Lake in
early days; how justice
was dealt in Kaslo in '93;
how the saloon man out-
prayed the women in Kalamazoo, and graphically depicts the roamings of a
western editor among the
tender-feet in the cent belt.
It contains the early hiBtory
of Nelson and a romance
of the Silver King mine.
In it.are printed three
western poems, and dozens
of articles too numerous
to mention. Send for one
before it is too late. The
price is 25 cents, postpaid to any part of the
world. Address all letters to
% R. T. Lowery
GREENWOOD, B. C.
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414.4.4. *f>.���� ����.4.4.4.4.4.4.
HOTEL PRINCETON
Princeton, B.C., now completed on the
site of the old Great Northern. Only
brick hotel in Similkameen. A first
class house,
Swanson & Broomfield, Props.
DR. A. MILLOY
DENTIST
All  the
���latest  methods
Dentistry.
in  high-class
LOO BUILDING
Corner Abbott & Hastings Streets.
VANCOUVER,   -   -   -   B.C.
ill Hi STAGE
CO., LTD.
Leaves Mother Lode
9.30 a. m. 6.30 p. m.
Leaves Greenwood
2.00 p. m.
8.30 p. m.
Saturday last stage leaves Mother
Lode 6 p. in. Returning, leaves
Greenwood 10 p. m.
OFFICE���PACIFIC HOTEL
PHONE   13
Auto    and   Horse   Stages
Leave    Greenwood    Twice
Daily to Meet Spokane and
Oroville Trains
Autos for Hire.   The Finest
Turnouts in the Boundary.
Light and Heavy Draying
Palace   Livery   And  Stage
GREEKWOOOD. B.C-
GILLIS & ION, Proprietor.
Mazda Tungsten Lamps
15 to 40 Watt Lamps���50c each.
60 Watt Lamps���75c each.
100 Watt Lamps���$1.25 each.
n!trogeR~
LAMPS
60 Watts
100     ������
200   ��
-   '   /   $1.25 each
���   -    -    2.00 ��
o   *   ��    3.50 "
STORAGE BATTERIES
CHARGED and REPAIRED
ELECTRIC
VULCANIZING
Greenwood City Waterworks Co.
EVERYTHING ELECTRICAL
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
TADANAC BRAND PIG LEAD, BLUESTONE, COPPER AND SPELTER
jut ^bw ^B_; nl_r i�� s_r HE_n T_r ^BP t!_t ^tLx Tl_r tIs      b_t TIP *l_r TBi TK^ jk^ t^P ^Br ^_^_T ^B^ ^B^ vx
I Cbe Burne fiotel |
+ nelson, .&��������� *
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<$��  The only up'to/date Hotel in the interior.   First-class   _g��
ir in every respect. ir
% CENTRALLY LOCATED %
^ ��� ��� ������������ : .  ������
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each room.
ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATHS.
CUISINE AND SERVICE THE BEST
First Class Bar and Barber Shop
75   SAMPLE ROOMS
Steam Heated; Electric Lighted.
RATES $1.00 per day and up; European Plan.
Bus Meets all Trains and Boats.
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gmmmnroromm mmmmmm mmmmmimmmwms
For Good
Job Printing
a'
3
���Economy and Satisfaction if
combined with Promptness |
are the features which go to 3
make up the Service we give Eg
our customers. Are you |j
one of them ? 3
1 WE PRINT
a
Letterheads, Noteheads,       H
(Ruled or Plain) __g
Envelopes, Billheads, %
(All Sizes)
g Statements, Business Cards, ^
g Posters, Dodgers, Etc., Etc. |j
| The Ledge      PHONE 29      |
H     GREENWOOD        Job Printing Department   H
P.iUiUUU..UUUi.U.U.UU iUttttUUUUUiUUtt UUlilttlUUUUK
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