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The Ledge Nov 29, 1917

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Full Text

 Jm
Provi
incial  Library
LEDGE
THE  OLDEST   MINING   CAMP   NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
Vol.   XXIV.
GREENWOOD, B. C, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1917.
No. 20
Make Home Attractive
BY FILLING IT WITH OUR
Substantial Furniture, Artistic
Pictures, Soft Carpets.
and Elegant Crockery
Plenty ef Oils, Harware and Ilnware In stock
MAIL ORDERS solicited from all points
of the Compass
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
New location���Russell-Law Caulfield Building
PHONE 28        X       GREENWOOD, B. C.
I MAKE NO
BUT WILL GIVE YOU A
Square Deal ALL The lime
MY  FRUIT  CAKES ARE READY
Pantry Queen Flour ADVERTISES ITSELF
Sales  More Than Doubled Tbis Month
U/��i      r       ADTUI1DC     GREENWOOD CITY  BAKERY
TYI11.    \j��   AITinUnO,    FLOUR AND FEED STORE
THOROUGHLY RENOVATED AND SPECIALLY
ADAPTED FOR COMMERCIAL TRADE
THE WINDSOR HOTEL is one of the best furnished
hotels in the west. It is located in the heart of Greenwood and within easy reach of all the financial and
commercial institutions of the Copper Metropolis.
Heated with Steam and Lit by Electricity
Commodious sample rooms. The bar is replete with
all modern beverages and the meals are the best. Booms
reseived by telegraph.
Around Home
>>��<>��8>��0O0��0��0��0��������������O4>*����i,i
��4&G��Gi&&4&G��&��G��<& &K&GSGZGS4
Milk is 15 cents a quart in
Princeton.
George Boag has located in
Silverton.
Matt Irwin has opened a barber
shop in Princeton.
Mrs. L- A. Smith returned to
Spokane last week.
George Guise has a logging
camp near Beaverdell.
J. K. Fraser has re-opened his
picture show in Hedley.
A. W. Beckett died iu Republic last week-from pneumonia,
D. C. McCurdy of Keremeos is
on tbe wounded list iu France.
Alex Broomfield and wife are
spending two months in the east.
Buy your flour at Lee & Bry-
ans, and reduce the cost of living.
The locomotive on the Mother
Lode run uses 12 pails of sand
daily.
At the Forks the Granby smelter was running six furnace? last
week.
Some choice books for sale at
The Ledge office, at ante-bellum
prices.
Frank Haverty of Grand Forks
has joined an artillery company
at the coast.
Tbis year, 39 fuir carloads of
fruit bave been shipped from
Grand Forks.
Fred Johnson of Deadwood was
fined $15 on Monday for fishing
out of season.
Order your Private Greeting
Xmas Cards before the rush.
Coles Book Store.
It is reported that the coal
miue at Coalmont will soon resume operations.
George Lamb has gone to
Princeton, the Mecca for so many
Greenwood men.
Just in fresh dates, seeded
raisins, Sultanas-and-mixed peel
at Rendell's store.
James,Berry, a returned soldier,
was in Jto.wn list^iweek otfJiis^a^
ip Copper Mountain. '..'.;',
���The office of the Electric Light
company will be open from 2 to
5 p. m. daily as usual.
A rancher at Keremeos recently received $100 for a hog. It
weighed 510. pounds when dressed, s
W. C. Arthurs is doing a big
business in flour and feed. Pantry Queen flour is a great favorite.   ������
. Some coal is now being mined
at East Princeton, at the mine
formerly known as the United
Empire.
Marko Kutchinik. an insane
Austrian, was taken to the asylum bn Saturday. He worked at
the Mother Lode, and thinks that
his own couutrvmen are trying to
kill him.
Charles Oliver is in the hospital,
having been injured by falling
off a building at the Bell mine,
near Beaverdell.        ;���
You can buy the Nabob at the
O. K. Cigar Store.' It is the
best cigar in town, and a delight
to educated smokers.;
Wednesday, December !2th.
Keep this date open for the
Novelty Entertainment and
Dance in the Star Theatre.
Charles McArihutY Carson McLeod, Glen Manly and Walter
Sowerby have gone east to train
in a flving corps at Toronto.
It is reported that the contract
will be let next week, for the
building of the railway from
Princeton to Copper Mountain.
A copy of Float makes a desirable present to send a friend for
Christmas. They are obtainable
at The Ledge for 25 cents a copy.
Matthews & Peterson, Grand
Forks, have a 2^ ton auto truck
for hauling ore and heavy articles. Interview them if you
have ore to haul.      ���
For a short time "only Lee &
Bryan will sell Robin Hood,
Royal Household, and Purity
flour at $5.75 per 98, or $2.90 for
49 pounds sack; also Glenora at $5
and $2.50 respectively.
Buy a home for Christmas.
$1800 buys the best- home in the
town formerly known as the McMynn place. For particulars apply to the owner Mrs. M. E
White, 1003 O.N.B.B., Spokane,
Wash.
APPEAL
Greenwood Skating Rink
Wanted
Volunteers to help run the Sink
this winter. All who feel that the
Rink should if possible be kept going, even if only for the sake of
the children and yonng people, and
are willing to help, are asked to
give their names before Saturday,
December 1st, to L. McKenzie or
J. L. White.
Ashcroft
A new strike has been made in
fehe O. K. Mine.
Born.���At the O. K. mine, to
Mr. and Mrs. Van Horlick,  a son.
George Chataway has erected
several bnilding on his farm this
summer.
A Public Meeting in the interests of the Canadian Patriotic
Funds will be held in the Star
Theatre on Wednesday 28th,
Nov., at 8 p. m. Mr. Nation the
secretary of the Fund for this
Province will be present and
make an address.   All interested
Fortunes in Smoke
About 8200,000 in the aggregate
has been invested by the Banker
Hill Mining and Smelting company, the Trail Mining and Smelting company and the Northport
Smelting and Refining company
within a year or longer in the installation of the Cottrell process of
saving metals in smoks.
It is estimated that 75 per cent
of the gas escaping from lead smelter stacks is lead which can be
saved by the Cottrell process. The
equipment requires only a small
number of attendants and the saving is said to be important by comparison with the investment.
Some cement plants are making
fortunes from the sale of potash
which formerly went np the stack
in smoke and dnst.
Heard on the Train
"What kind of coal do you use?"
"Egg."
"Egg?   How do yon get it, by
the dozen?" '
Born.���At Mother Lode,  November 22, to Mr. and Mrs. Alex,
are earnestly requested to attend. Corsi, a daughter.
P. BHRN5 & CO.
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Fish
and Poultry. Shops in nearly all the
towns of the Boundary and Kootenay.
COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B.C.
_A����Sa��55&5-��a?55��53tH3^:^.^^W^^
Be Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA ~*
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold. Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
TADANAC BRAND MO LEAD, BLUESTONE, COPPER AND SPELTER
Canada's Victory Bonds
It is a National duty to subscribe for
Canada's Victory Bonds.
V^ThisBank wilLacwpt Vict-ory Bopds
to the amount or $i;6oo from any one
person for safe-keeping for one year
without charge.
Loans will be made to wage earners
on favourable terms for the purchase of
Victory Bonds.
THE  CANADIAN   BANK
OF  COMMERCE
"STORE OF QUALITY"
ORDER YOUR
Christmas
Groceries
EARLY
CHOICE GOODS IN ALL LINES
J. G. MgMYNN
MIDWAY      -      -     B. C.
H. McKEE
GREENWOODT"
GOAL AND WOOD
AGENT FOR
1��THBRIDGEI���0AL
CHRISTMAS is COMING
You want the best in
Cigars, Tobaccos, Gum
AND
Chocolates
GANONG'S FANCY BOXES
At Popular Prices
0.   K.   CIGAR   STORE
R. J. MUIR.
PROP.
Christian Science service will be helil
in the MELLOR BLOCK on Sunday at r r
a. m.   All welcome.   Every Wednesday]
at 8 p. m., testimonial meetings will be ,
held in the same block.   Sunday School j
every Sunday morning. I
He Fighting' Men.
~wail qour answer
IITOW   many   Victory Bonds have you
1 bought?
Have you put yourself to any real inconvenience to buy Victory Bonds ?
*���
Have you denied yourself some purely
personal gratification, so that you could
invest the money saved in Victory Bonds?
Have you realized the urgent need for
personal self-sacrifice to make the Victory
Loan a great success?
Until you have bought Victory Bonds
to the very limit of your ability, you have
not done your duty.
Campaign Closes Saturday Mfflii
What An s wer
Will You Give?
Issued by Can_tda'�� Victory Loan Committee
in co-operation with the Minister of Finance
of the Dominion of Canada.
65a
Western Float
Coal is $7.25 a ton in Creston.
Auto thieves are busy in  Van?
con ver.
"Plenty of mixed forming is needed in B.C.
Get a goat or two and raise your
own milk.
A ram was recently sold in Calgary for 8250.
The Trail postoffice has added
150 lock boxes.
Send a""copy of Float to yonr
friend in France.
West of Edmonton potatoes are
45 cents a bushel.
There are 71 telephones in New
Denver, and 80 in Kaslo.
The West Vancouver ferries are
doing a big freight business.
Around Salmo this month the
strawberries were in bloom.
There are 26,190 telephones in
Vancouver, 9,115 in Victoria.
Through labor conditions much
is being lost by thiB province.
For mote than 20 minutes there   .
has been no trouble in Fernie.
Bread is 12 loaves for $1 in Fer-   ���
nie.    It was 14 up to  this month. _
Tbe coke workers at Fernie have,
received an increase in their wages.
The motor truck has become an
important factor in the hauling of
ore.
In addition to their other lines,
P. Barns & Co. are now Belling
fruit.
The grouse are coming back, the
disease apparently having left
them.
You can sell anything in your
store, if you advertise in the local
papers.
Pte. Charles Adams of Armstrong has crossed the big divide in
France.
Recently a boy died in Revelstoke from eating sweet pea seeds
and pods.
A Victoria law firm recently
talked by telephone to New York,
at an expense of about six dollars
a minute.
Honey is a fairly good substitute ���
for butter, if not ueed in excessive
quantities.
At their coal mine on Vancouver
Island, the Granby is building several houses.
Eat spuds,, and save wheat,
meat and sugar. This will help to
win the war.
This month, Alex Ward died afe
the Old Man's Home in Kamloops,
aged 76 years.
After living more than 20 years
in Rossland, Dan Thomas has
moved to Spokane.
It is said that the Engineer at
Taku Arm, will become the greatest gold mine in the world.
Looks as though spuds would be
cheaper next spring. There is an
enormous crop in America.
While giving aid to the wounded Pte. Herbert Duggan of Kelowna was killed in France.
There are only 3,000,000 hogs in
Canada, and this number should
be increased as rapidly as possible.
In one way Nelson and Kamloops
are about the same size. The former has 700 telephones, and the
latter 657.
In the past, lire has destroyed
22 times more timber in B. C,
than has been cut by the lumbermen.
A Chinaman iu Ladysmith was
fined $50 for keeping whiskey in a
building apart' from his dwelling
house.
Deer are reported scarce in East-
Kootenay, although they are sometimes seen eating the grass in the
backyards of Wynndei.
Corp. C. A. Prosunier of a Forestry battalion is in a French hospital with rheumatism. At one
time he was rector of a Revelstoke church.
In Vancouver 20 years ago ham
was 13 cents a pound, and flour
$6.50 a barrel. Eggs were 19 cento
a dozen, and butter 23 cents a
pound. Will thoee ever come
back?
V
*k
i<
i'i THE    LEDGE,     GREENWOOD,     B.   C.
esr.
���_M_-__y_M
A German On
German Iniquities
���by :iny unuiiiiii uf \i...ii_in..\\ It v. ill)
, eross ilit- border iu liu- head- . uiu,j
1 in-urls uf lr:tvt-UiT> iviuniiiiu' from .
Sv.il z.-vhuul, if in im ml.fr -._ ;iy. ���
i Mean _\hih-      Or.     Stuen..er     hitnst.li;
Huns   are
More     Cruel
Turks
Than     the
For   r.itli.-r   11u"n"c   lh.ui   throe   yravs
tho   world   has.   waited   lu     hear   the
truth   about   Germany   from   German   rs-,
lips.       11   --coiiu-tl   almost   impos>ilili_-
that   there   should   not   In'   one     man
v.'ilh   illv    ct>ur;i:_.i_   to     hear     w itue.-s
against   unexampled   brutality,     ruth-
fcrsnes.-, and du.dicity.    Such a man,
:i_.t   for   the   salvation   of  the   l-'al'iit'-r-
land   with   irulli-tcUinp,   lias   al     last
!">ccu   found 'iti    l)r.   llarry   Smernr.-r.
ioriuer  corrcsiiondenl   of     llu-     kol-
Uische   Zfiiunf.'.      Invalided   from   the '
nnny, after  lii_,l_i_.ii_;   in   tin-   Ma.-urian .
Lake   li-.rion,   he   v. ;_s   sent     hy     his;
ncw.spuo.T, in   l'��15.  to Turkey,   where
Ik-  hehchl  li:.-  depth-  lo  whieh  Turk- !
ish briil.dity i-ould di'sei-nd. and  look
tile    niea.-uiv   uf   (__���_���__.an      eo-.'. ai'die.- < (,vc
nv.il   cynieisni,   whi.'h   cmld   aid     and   .-!,_���
nf>et   the   Ai iiiriiiau   nu.---aei.-s.   I >�������.-_>-
]y  moved   !u  iinliunali'.'iii.   h<-  si-ul   re-
purls   i>l    v. hat   In-   had   .-fen   hael
Cologne,    renuils    which    the      ee
Mippiv.-sed,   and    for   whieli    he      v. a-
dismissed   by'hi-   euiiduv ers.      \\ hc-n
lie   still   pci-M-.ed   in   out .-Jioken      eon-
(lcilinalion of the  <_,o\a mtui-iil, !_.- -. ;i-
.vecalled   tu   I'm-   culms,   although   <ie
elaivd   ab-ohi _-,-.!v   uui'l
How   In.   dually   !ii;i.';'..-
i-wil/erland is  not  hi'..,'
at   the   saerinee   i'i   his
vilhoiil   hope  uf  vewari
lion,   lie   puldi-ln-    hi-    hou
Years  uf   War  iu  (.'un-tantiuoplc,"  an
indieliueut    uf    ticriiiativ    as      tei;i:-k-
;:ud  damnine   a..-   an\   in'uuuhl  a;.::':".-'
her hy V. r enemies.
Tie  bruin-   hi-   ti--liiiio-.iv   v. iih   !.i-
FCTvicc     iik    the   Ma.-uria.M   i-ai!i:>ai...!>.
; nil'si lie i
.the prof
I uev. .1 pa]'ic-
i truth.-.-Ik
.�����\_.;,rii>
es.-iun
r man
���oni   In
. iln
an  ornament   lo ,
iuuniali.-m���a '
ih r   euinayie   lol*
.-.    Yr.rk   I-'.\ eniii>;'
The C. N. R. Handles
Vast Quantity of Grain
One Hundred Million Busheh  Hand
led Over Sysl��m  Dining
Last Crop "Year
t 'ue   hundred   million     hn-.hel
L-rain   were   loaded   ami   handled
the   lines   of   lie.    Canadian   -Northern
Kaihyay   system   in    W'-.-leru   C'.i.i.nl-.
during    iln    y-op   _vi-.tr    elided   At
A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY
10 CENTS PER PLUG
Bernier Found
Middle Passage!
Hear With Their Eyes    | Food Conservation in U. S. j       A Valuable Official
i Entirely  Free  of Ice   Says   Veteran
>'-'" j Navigator  Back   From j
Baffin's Land I
'Vl_i
Short of Miraculous
1     Among  the  twelve  hundred  pupils
i of  the    Parker School,  one of   Chicago's  largest   public  schools,    there
'���H'll-l
iu
isur
iur     ,-er\iee.
���d   iu   yet      to '
.n.     Kut  in",'..
v. hole    future,
hi   an\   diree-
JI. ���    ��� "I
In   all   SS.O.;..    ear-     were     handled!
r   its   Hues   in   Manitoba,     Saskal-I
wan   and   Allierta,  oll,5.il   ears    Ik- .
iiiL.   moved   throuith   to     I'on   Arliui' ,
aud   points  easi   of   that    Lake   Super- j
ior  purl. j
W heat   cou.-.tiiited   the     major   por- j
of a human voice.   Vet to di_-
sh   these    children   from     their
fortunate     fellows    because,   o!"
tluli    oi
ih. --lined
<le;;r'-c.   Ihe   ittten.
v ;ir--v, racked   pco]
sin
the   total   handlings,   ami   war, j
lu   relieve   to   a   considerable;
���   demand     of   the ;
es      on   I he      either ;
i   the   Allanlie. j
Jn   IS1'*,   when   Uie  inilu.-iuv  of  liie |
���na.diau      '' oi . hern      Kaih\a>      eon- ;
nieMuii   e-,a-   l_.c-;._.iimiii^;   lo     be     re-;
���elecl   iu   laruer   p,-.uiuetion   on      ihe |
i si -rn   plain.-,   the   entire   crop     al-|
iiid   lu   le.--   than   57   million   bush- \
-    .iCeuriliiiH    tu    ii_.nre-   in    tiie   ile-;
���lue-i-i   oi   the iiil.riur.     Aecei-i'i-u
Ih,-  y.-aia   loaded  and   h.mdled  ..-.
S 'I raining  of Dcai  Children Is  Little j German  Propagandists Have   to   Bc
Contended With
'That our enemies on the other
tide ot the fence arc lighting our
plan, is one. of the best rcconim.et'.da-
iions that plan can have, and lo me
the most significant sign as to the
value of Food 1'ledge Week is the
fact that the pro-Germans here have
iccoRuized iis importance and are
.;.p,htin___ it hard."
This  statement  is  made by  Dr.  K..
L.   Wilbur,     president     of     Stanford'
University  und head of the food conservation  division    of    the      United
Slides food administration while di_-
cus.-inc;'  the antagonism of  the  Prussian   propofiandtsls   to     the     coming
! campaign   to   line   up   the     American
| people   in   the  interests  of  food  con-
on  Ihe  broad lawn  in . mtvumuu.
Iiool various groups oil     Evidences   of   this   statement,     Dr,
"I   "ilbtir declares, are  brought  lo li_;hl
ieves  ot   their  teachers.   But  it   is   not j daily   from   all   jiarts   of   ihe   country
j likely   IhiO.  your  attention    would   be | iir.d  in   tlie  mosl  subtle  vi'.ys.
iiice. l:'li'-��cted lo auy particular, group be-1     ������[; you .^j,,, _iu, q'h-dRe Card, vour
much  exposure,    and ! c;'^;-   ��.   ""ytluufi;   umisual     m     the ��� lU)UU.  v,in   |H.  invaded  later  and" the
xccllenl Entr-I01'11','1'''" s >,l;">��cr ot addressing their I good>  vou  have  canned  will  be
Captain Joseph Bernier
slx-vear-old veteran voyat.
Iv back once more in Canada lull o!
praise of Ikiflin's Land, and enthusiastic about the 40,000 miles ot hsli-
inu rights which he says surround it.
In* addition, he tells ot having di*.
covered ;i ������middle passage, whien
he   found   entirely   free   from   11.C.
Captain   Bernier   was   seen     in   the
i are  more  than    a  hundred  children,
the sdxly- j ranging  in   age   from   live   to   fifteen
r, is safe-   years   who   have,     never     heard     the
somu
tingu
more
any Imperfection in their speech or
theii' inability to understand the
speech of others would be a difficult
ti'.sk. Although born deaf, they- have
been taugkl to speak almost as well
as hearing children, while their skill
iu reading the lips of a speaker is
little short of miraculous.
If you should    go    to    ihe Parker
School  any  line   morning  you   would i
probably  see
front of Ihe :
Inspiration of the West
i A Glance at Crossing the Prairies in
the Early Eighties
Traversing the prairies in the early
eighties, particularly a trip from
Winnipeg to Edmonton, is vividly
described by E.L.S., who says in
pari:
Aficr spending a niglil al the Hud-
He Keeps Cranks From the Mayor's
Office
Before a visitor gels to Mayor
Mitchell's office, or to the office of
his secretary, Theodore Rousseau, he
must see l'olice Lieutenant William
.'.veimel, the most thoroughly es'ab-.
jished  character  about  the  city   ball, i
Mavors    and    mavors'    secretaries!, ��� ,    ,.       _���    ,     .   n    ,  . ���,,,_., ~
come" and  go.    So  do  visitors.     But " _3n."...Bl.L?0r .- 'U _ClUrlcl<^' ^S."U^
not     so     Kennel.       For   more     Jlian j
twenty years and  through  seven ad-?
ministrations,   ranging    all  the.    way .
from  Tammany  to  reform,  bis   cold,
rn
v. hen he nn-t many ui'lieers who !>;��� :
come from Itelinuui and who franl.l .
told the -iiuie stories of (iennaa I' "-
J'orism as those which av>P<';t red i"
the Bryee report. Slueriuer's i'.i'-
niediate- -uperiur was uio-t iivu!'*'-.' iii
tliis  type of rcminisccnci s:
When we wanted lu make ;i requisition o>" plunder ;i house, we had a
very simple form of procedure: one
of my uen was ordered to slip a
Belgian gun through a ei-lh'r wmd-nv
into the house in .|Uesliem. Then we
made it search for hidden \\c\>V"-'-\
if we found only one rille. ve v-r'-
ordered     to     confiscate     everything,
it
The difference is al
between ihe cash.
I he   two   crops      to
produced trom
foi -.elll.-ii'enl
l do'.ib!-.- the
luetioii .if lf:
ios'
t'he
c     maniiiiicturers
goods      \\ este; ti
���without    pity,
people.
One   of   the
correspondent:-,
says   Sluerimr,
and     bring  away   f
Cicr.iinn
who. j oi
In
b c.-l-knowr.
1'aul Sehwcder,
eyniciillv tell.-- the
ttlilll in private, but publishes what
the government prescribes, odd him
that when he was iii Belgium he saw
much worse things lhaii this, lie assured Stuermer that "there bed b-en
thousands of eases of women and
young girls of. the best Bekian :iu<'_
French families" assaulted by (i r-
laan soldiers who remained unpunished  iu  most  instances. iin   the
Stuermer  proceeds   to     tell   of   llic
things   he   himself   saw   in   Constanli- |
nople, with his own  eyes, as well as |
what    he.  was   told  by   German  eye- )
witnesses.  He beheld  Ihe  commence
ment,  in   Constantinople  of  that   ter
rible via crucis upon which thousand
of refined Armenian men, women audi
children   were  forced  to  set  out, and
which, if    fate    vvere. kind,  ended, in
��� death.'���o'tiLi on   the desolate plains���'; of
Asia  Minor,,   or
pi theTaiphrate
Hue.-  in'  ihe  y'-.u..diau   Northern
!.:�� to-e:.l	
irv   opeiu-'l   up
;.,-.    i^iis���i:,      almi
A    - ���, rn   t iiuada   pr
'. e-ars   :o;'o.
m-.v.!.-:il..b!.
u.rns   frou
fi-riii.-r   itnil      tu      U
who   provide      the
Canada  needs.
There are no s'atistics available ol"
the Ciipiieit',- cd the gr^in eh-valors in
Caitiida iu 180,CS, but ollieial figures
of the department oi the interior
show i.h.ii in i'.HKl, there were in
t'-'uada -.J."' elevators and 97 warehouse,, of a total ciipaeitv of 1 c'..3,^c>.-
3-.2 buslu-ls. . In lOlti and l<i\7. th.er:
v ere o,36() elevators of a total caoac-
iiv   of   lO.i.ft-i-kiiOO   bushels.
<if  these  Mi'.rtlolia  has  a  capacity
,000;     Saskalchc-wan  (i5,f.2.v
iittle deck hou.-e of his trim . htlle
ship "Guide" surrounded by mends
������lad io"see him back again and listening to his varus. The Guide is a
shorl ve:-,-el of only 1?0 tons. She
i-   double-plated   and     easily     stand-
;::;;�����. \\:?z^ ^^. \�������� - .^ ^r i.,e
hardy   French-Canadian,     wearing
coarse blue jersey,  v.ilh  a  elosc-crup- i
ped   giv>      mou.-tache
i I.rick' red   v itli
! bald head,     lie ,   : u._._-uci- <ir one auouier; an are mm..-��� m  awav.
ilisb. but  with ;i slight   hrench aecem. ��� ^       l;Uig!iing,   and   shouting   merrily. \ cmim
i     I'ai.tain   Bernier     said     tual     a.tcr !--
! leaving   last   July   he   had   heard   that
; iIn-  L'iuetl  parte,  who  were  seaielimg
[for   the   MiicMillan   expedition, _ were
round
CN
ot   anything   unusual     m
tak-
ll is a trick of the gov-
uter 'V-"'   'i'"-"' r " "   "" -������ i einiii-jnt,  whose  officials  will  rcqtiisi-
,-\et  Ine  cnaiices are    that some    of j tion all vour preserves."    Among the
these  c' ...
m
tlie
his
had straits at Parker Show l.!av m
north of Greenland, so he made
way there and arrived on Augu.-t
191d. There lie could find
vessel nor parly. Four days of
"cut search revealed that the oth-
hail been there because some coal
e;ui
I IOC!
a i
,d
number  of furs  were
I liuallv   discovered.
j At last Captain llernier concluded
! that the Chieli parly were probahl-,
Ion their wav home, so/ie set sail for
jVard's Inlet. Haffin's Land, where
1 Captain Bernier has an estate ot 1,200
acres of laud with four houses and
camps. .  .
'it was  only after a  voyage  ol   m-
h'ort W'iilin-m al the head of Can-
i'lKl
adian Great f-akes navigation. 1 he
C.N. R. elevator at Port Arthur, capacity  0,500,001)  bushels,    -being     the
encount-
outfiowing
credible hardship, through
!(K)0- ���\lbcrla'25.88f_,00lt and liritish' c-ring bad weather and
Columbia 1.7W.0.X1. The capacity, of | ice. thai Pard's Inlet was reached
Ihe terminal elevators iu Ontario is j Here the Bernier party spent ail
given as ^! 1,750.000 bushels. These ; winter and-summer, Iradmg with tile
*,re   located  chinlv  at     Port   Arthur j Esciuivuaii>:. hunting and tislimg.
"W'e left in: chief officer _ in
charge," continued Capt. Bernier,
���"and sailed for home on August _./,
coming down bv the way ot the new-
ihiren arc among the hundred who have never known the. blessed  privilege   of hearing.
Entering  the  school, you  might go
from room to room, and not discover
neith- } 'or Quite a while anything peculiar in
tlie  manner of instructing  certain  of i cd with  doing
the classes. But in some of them you ', by burning the
will   find   the   same   little,   tots,     who
cannot hear, thai you passed on   the
lawn,     if   their   eyes   happen   to     bc
turned  away  from  the visitor    upon
his  entrance,   their attention  is    not
attracted, since their organs of sight
have to perform the duty of the. use-j t|,ilt   t|1(.   -pro-German    propagandists
less cars.    Should they see the_ new- | r,.a._7_0 _.s  ,vt.)l as we do, that a huge
comer,   however,   they   will   smile     a j American 'Food Conservation  Army'
welcome, .then direct their ga_<: .once
more to the lips of their teacher.   It
is  this  concentration of' ga^e    which
first betrays  their physical  handicap.
All the knowledge they receive must
colored people of the south the propagandists have been circulating a
rumor thai tlie intention is to lake
food away from the negroes ami give
il lo the whites. Even the pro-German bilker employee has been ch.irg-
his bit for the kaiset
bread iu his charge.
Dr. Wilbur believes that attacks
l.ke these can be easily overcome,
once  a  group  of fighting    American
food
women line up and insist _ on
1 conservation. "Their chief ���
jcance,"   he  concludes,  "is     to     show
-ignifi-
light blue eye has given the '"once
over" to callers on the city father.
He car. spot a crank as far as he can
sec one, can judge almost on sight
whether he is dangerous or not, -and
can dispose of... harmless ones gently
and dangerous ones with promptness
ancl   efficiency.
"W'e bad Iwo of those birds this
week," he said lo me when I in ad-.:
some inquiry about the subject. "The
king of England called this morning,
just for a friendly little chat. A dirty
looking fellow he was, but harmless.
And Tuesday we had the little old
lady that owns all the street cars ot:
Broad wav. She's been in before���
likes lo come around and walch her
cars keep going by. She says she
doesn't care about making money,
oul of 'em, nor how much people
use 'em, so long as the molormei.
don't forget to bring 'cm back at
night. She doesn't like to havc her
cars  left  lying  around."
There is real need for a man like
Kennel at the. city ball. Mayor Gay-
nor died as the result of a .bullet
wound, ancl Mitchell's life has been
attempted.���Collier's   Weekly.
si   consolidated
world.
elevator    plant
Was It the Cow's Fault ?
Milk
and   Feed   Record   Forms
Help the Dairyman
Supposing  thai   you   keep
to
iotind ���middle passage' without meeting a  piece  of ice.'
'���Where is that    middle    passage.
asked  his  interviewer.        . _ - .,
"Better  for  mc  not   lo     mention
was  the.  replv.    "Why  should  I .tell
ujv secrets to anvoue? - It is sufficient
come through the sense of sight.
lo
to
a    cov
giving five   thousand  pounds  of  milk
a ,v.ar, for which you receive '���.evenly
dollars .cash, hov." much profit    does
the parched shores I that' cow- make?    This  is  hot  .t;:,rul:;.
For mbfilli^she^yastdle,  but  iiuiply;_::f query  that,   ev'ery
iii a  posh ion- lo
side; the -''higher
Maily\\v,ifi.iesS''o.f^
driven  fhriyugh- the:,   streets^ of ' Pefa','.| misvver.. ? Leaving
They're Trouble-Makers
The Czar ot" Russia is married
a German woman, who is said
have wept at every German defeat.
He lost his throne. The king of
Greece was married to a German
woman, to whose influence is credited the ignoble part of Greece in
the early stages of the war which
cost Constantino his throne. The
king of Sweden is iriarried to a German woman, to whom is credited the
base part which    Sweden    has  been
will be the biggest thing in American
history, aud will test whether or not
a democratic people can organize
themselves sufficiently lo prove their
form of government worth fighting
for."
: for : deportation;: to 'tlie;;; frail way 'station: Each ������.'.city .quarter had ib '.''cIct
liver its A|iiota of yictinise The; .liteu
stfid boys went pii foot;���' tl.i.e':.;:.\vo,ni>n;:
crowdede}u street cars, every even-,
; Jiig,; do vvir t o \ i ;il a I a. :���],. I is; w; i ie,. pass-
��� inp The. police station, cmi the main
street, of the  Europe':':,   quarter,: oiie
'day   heard
who,- a* the
accounting,';  side; of -revs.me :au(l :;ex,
l.ie.ns,r',sf.:,':;p^ {-'���!_.'���'_   ���_���?:
items ;,of ���.ret.t,.:J,tU.?r?^
cialioii. etc.���-and: tak ing only -���.���j.jjcViin'f
froiif milk;;'or; ;fat,; ante cost ;;b�� feed.
arc you f lieu; in a pqsiiioii to. fay de-
finitely: that,.each cow you keep i!'."i;e_;
make, a good;; clear; pibiil ahbve, fe; d
U>know that we arrived m the Straits     ]av;__g jn scrving tlie kaiser.   Next?
of Belle Isle after sixteen days   voy-  _prom   the   Buffalo   Express,
age.  Slaving  gone three  days  rarUer .
]i^^r^ti?^:%,l^\  Harems  of Mohammeds  a Puzzle
,'ale,   but  arrived    with    all    hands      If Solomon  were  running his _us-
^;.,,.'. Slice  shop  today  he    could    do    the
\sk-d what Baffin's T.ancl w=is like,' French government a good turn,
���mdiis r.ossibili'ie-: Capt. Bernier de-j There arc many Mohammedans
Vribed it as like the Yukon. "When !._.....,..., the French Colonial troops
" erritch the ground    tbey will ,:md manv of them have sizeable har-
lind v-lnt'lhrv  need.-'  he  continued. .,...,.;.    The   French  law provides  the
"grbaiis ; of   ah   Arineiiian ! cost^
pcjliceinan ��� ihforniedeiief
was beiiig tortuia^d.: :;:Stueriiier: hint
self did; not
Whether  the  feed
is    valued     :\'
���r   mm- | icirtv or cij.hly dollars, is tii'-rr ; nel:
witness   what   happened ] profit   that  a   fair return  is pr.'.ih:    to
to  these,  unfortunales  on   their    way | you  for lite labor expended.'    For if
to deslruction in the interior; nor did j revenue   and   expense     jusl     balance
what was done  in ! showing no margin  of profit at   all,
{ found  -.ilver."
"Whereabouts?"
"I won't tell you, but the govern-
i:"iii  bas got my samples."
't'he Esquimaux, Capt. Bernier be-
ii'-ves. will become good Canadians.
'Th._y ran be civilized," he contended, "if we send out people, priests
and lninislirs to them. The old people are hard to convert, but the
\ou;-,e. gem-ratio"., in thirty years will
li" j-.is.t as good as the people here.
Wo will  have  to  tell  them  how
'vido��v of a French soldier is .'entitled
to a p'Misiciv   So  the war office    is
��� trying lo  reach a basis  for splitting
I pensions half a dozen ways.
i a rong.
by individual  Germans,  men   of    hu- !     _\Iilk and feed record forms may b:.
jnane iusiincls. who had been    horri- ' bad free on application, lu the Dairy i
fied bystanders,  that  nothing wriiwii i Commissioner,  C'tlavva,  to" that     the ���
iibotit   tlie   Armenian     masacres   can ; profit made by each cow mav be as-:
possibly have    been  exaggerated.    It ' cerlained. Perhaps some cows would'
lie personal iv .-i-e vmi.il was done in ! stiowmg no margin ot proiu at an,. >y0' Vl-j__ bave to tell them Iiovv *o
Anatolia am! Armenia proper lo the } there must surely he ton.ethinf. ! ],���iid Isouses and to provide, ior tiie
Armenian peasants.   Hut he  wa-  lold i ivrong; vour labor has lo be paid '<?'������ ; future.    Before we  arrived  some    oi
jthein  were  starving for lack oi  pro-
' per loeds. ,
'     "The   E:-cuimaiix had   never  heard
of the uar.'bm wc" had lots of mag-
, , , .    .azine; and iliustratccl papers Willi  us
does not need the corroboration of | show proht it led better, sumo w-'i^ l. ; ...ui .j,,.^. lo0]; y,-.\\c.h interest. _ \\ e
liis   felluw-coiiiitryiitc-u.   the     Cierman \ Many   men   iu   all   provinces   o:> _ t'-e :",_._.' , \\,\c   t,-,   ,��ive   thfm   an   idea   of
cow-"testing register at Ottawa _m"v ��� ��� ,[.,'.'"d.-Vtructicu and trouble that was
thirlv  and   sWty   dollars   clear   .'"��''���>,,..:.,,, ot..-
per cow above feed cost, \ounia. i" iJ,"ttK. mineral possibilities the
have made more than that; it yon- - (..Mil_..... j..lS ,_ri.at ].uv^. Boside.s
made less, was il  entirely  me   coivsi^;.  ..;,,._...    h\.    discovered, he  found
fault? ! .- >.t    r���-,.���-r    and    iron pyrites,
av     be   worth
Lithuanians Loyal
President \Vil-on has been assured
of the loyalty of the 500,000 unnaturalized Lithuanians in the Unite-1,
States, who arc represented as being
ready lo fight on the side of the Allies "to regain the liberty which
their country once lost through Euor-
pean���diplomatie  intrigue."
"How many revolutions docs the
earth make in a clay? It's vour turn,
Willie   Smith."
"Vou can't tell, teacher, till you see
the , morning paper."���Baltimore
American. .
An  Egregious  German
A German never knows when he
i; insulting. One of the members of
the Reichstag who assiled to compile the recent peace negotiations,
Herr George Gothciu, makes tha
naive suggestion that in the post-bellum settlement Germany should bc
paid for loss of her overseas trade,
but thai Britain should get nothing
for the submarine damage. This egregious persons offers as justification
for his proposal the fact that he was,
before the war, a member of the
Cobden club, the great British free
trade society, whose aims, he carefully points out, are pronouncedly
pacifist! Herr Gothein would bc astonished to find how belligerent the
Cobdcnites have become, since Germany showed them where a onesided free trade lead.���Vancouver
World.
Not a Fussy Beau Brummell
A lady wrote a horrified letter to
the  newspapers    that    she.    actually
ol the Hon. Lawrence Clarke, and
having dined at the home of Mr.
Kae, the Indian agent, we started
along the north side of tHc Saskatchewan river towards Baltleford.
The trail lay back from the wooded
banks aud when, owing to a storm,
we did not make ihe camping ground,
we turned for shelter into wdial waa
known as the Green Bluff. Space
was limited so we did not pitch the
tents, but after clearing the snow
, from the ground spread them flat
j and made our beds on top of theni
with our feet towards the huge camp
fire of green wood. That was a severe winter and it would be hard for
one who had never been a prairie
traveller to understand how cosy we ���
were. As we lay there listening to
the crackle of the fire and gazing at
the studded heavens 1 fell asleep with
the lines of the child's classis running through my mind, "Twinkle.
twinkle Htlle star, how 1 wonder
what you are." Nothing else seemed to tit the occasion so well. I remember bearing my father say that
one of the grandest recitations he
had ever heard was given by the
Honorable David Laird, who was at
the time returning cast, having, completed his term as lieutenant-governor of the Northwest Territories, as
they travelled across the Salt Plains
one night slowly following the flat
sleighs drawn by tired ponies; the
moon shone brightly and myriads of
stars twinkled down on them; theu
the governor broke forlh with the
words of the good old hymn:
"The  spacious  firmament  on  high;
"With  all   the blue ethereal'sky.
And spangled heavens, a shining
frame,
Their great Original proclaim."
"Nol a  member of the party spoke
until  its  close.     Travelling  over  the
boundless   prairies,   blue   sky     above
and  spotless snow  beneath,    seemed
to   impress   one  with   the   purity     of
everything  in   its   created  state;   and
far from  the  haunts of  man  a  cotn-
|,iadeship with  things ethereal welled
up almost unconsciously.
U.S. Vessels for Canadian Trade
An    orcler3in-council    peumits    the
United States  to engage in coasting ��� LJd  G .    - -k h]
trade of Canada on the inland waters . f,et\ml th��t leather nowadays is a
Grain Shipped by Pacific Route
According  to  press  reports  a  test
shipment of grain, consisting of 100,-
000  bushels,  is  being   made    to  the
United  Kingdom    from    Vancouver,
British  Columbia,    in    the    steamer,
^'ur    Viceroy.        The    consignment
saw Uoyd"Gcorgc'h7Co1:Vspu7strcet!?!Vou"rs to a'botit eighty carloads of
with   'a   crack   right   across   his   left!AV ��tem      Canada s        wheat,      ancl
boot.'     The  newspaper  claims     that! :,1n.l0ll,lts   to. over  3,000
between Lake Superior points and
Montreal, without penalties being
imposed for the remainder of 1917.
It is further provided that this regulation shall remain in force as long
as similar privileges are granted
Canadian vessels in the U.S.���Journal of Commerce.
treacherous fabric; furthermore that
Lloyd George never had any leanings
towards  dandyism.
'Easy Work
"What is riisant by below par?"
"Working for dad, I guess."
tons.  Should
this  test  shipment be  successful,    a
large portion of the. grain of the
Prairie Provinces will probably be
moved by this route iii the future.'
don't
Lady of the    House���Why
you go to work for a living?
Lazy Luke���Well, lady, I want ter
give everything 'cleste a fair trial
first.���Boston Transcript.
missionarie.- on the sped, who have
been equally outspoken on this subject, to induce belief in Stuerinor's
honesty. Tlis graphic and passionate
account of what he saw and of ilseh
compels belief.
Having established Turkish boundless guilt in tills Armenian slaughter, the "most terrible massacre since
Nero's days," he proceed.-. Jo accuse!
Germany as the Pilate of a whole
ra
Barefooted Officials I
Something   entertainingly
comes    at    length    irom  Kaiserland
the. silver
traces of
which   i'
?t.
; tiom-thim.--. "There is plenty of coal,'"
original'! he  declared. "I  found many    seam?.
Of course it would be scarcely vortu
ace.  "Con.sciencelessncss.  cowardice,   ille Burgomaster of Manii ivmi. zeal
ynical levity" are some of the terms | ��"s,tc.r. l."V..?���f, *.""*.*.: ������!!):, W"
with  which   he  brands  bis   own  official    countrymen     who    deliberately
���washed   thcir_ hands  in   the  blood  of
almost a million human beings." llowj
do I  come  to make such a    terrible t
land,  has  issued  a  municipal  by-law
carrying all    that    distance,    but    it;
should prove workable for those who !
live there. Wo have got the Lsqui- j
reuuiring all Staat Halle officials to i maux to use coal now instead of i
work without boots and to perform , oil. We brought thc-m stoves ley,
their  duties in  bare   feet,  girl  clerks; are  very  proud   to  knovv   Uiat     tt.e,
and  women  employees^ alone  except- j' ' "'       ""
.���cl.    The   mayor.
'can  burn 'the earth' now.'
,        ._���                 ,   .,    |_.(i      ine mavor.   m     intorming     his |     But it is the prospect ol .. success-
charge.-'    he   asks        Because  ot   ihe i      ff ���,^.(|-    "Owmg    to     the I ful  fishing  industry  away  im     north
fact that���when  the Armenian  I atn-, ���      ; ��� ,.,al,        :.ml .h.. hi_,., ,.os, ��� :,..olU    w___c__     Capt.   Bernier
arch used to eome to our atuba.-oudor (��� .   "' s* ���                    '���-
with  tear-,  in   his   eyes   beting     for'"' ^  um  ......,,.   .....           ,.m     ..
hc-Ip-aud   1     v.t.ie.-sed     tin*     M eiie   ,       . , economize   in   these ; tiaces of cod.
i.ion   than  once at  our embassy���no i '"-'l >"h     '.,
interest  was shown  for anytliim-' '������" ' v-:"   l',h'*s-
German   prestige,     wounded
fabrics,   this  order   is   law.     Vour; most  cuthrsiaslic.  Salmon and
' families-  will thank  me for : but     abound    and    there  are
hali-
nianv
but
but
vanity,
���ver  anv  compassion     for    the
Many New Settlers
"The whole area of the land I havc
annexed," he declared, "amounts to
nearly 500,000 square miles. Asking
only  tin: three-mile limit  round these
fate of the Armenian people." The; Paring the month of August 1,7J>! unl*>' ,tli,: *'' J^""'" ����������"����"����--"���
Germans, he says, had Turkey abso- U_,.ual settlers entered Western Can**?-011 '."y��-46,(100 square miles ot hsh-
lmely in hand, and could have put :,��;.���_.. from the Unite.! States through f�� ^"f " * ��oliccd on the Kcav-
end to the massacres al oice. had I the various ports of Albert!.. Saskat-: fo,,nd^lul 'a',k* .lh'U ,,CrC i
they earn, silv desired. So much ior j ,.u._.,.al. .,lK| Manitoba. Th-v brought I ��"arccly m,y,_ \et. you knovv how
his  indictment   of  official   and   ilipl...- , ...;,.!,  vln-m  6�� carloads of  i-lfeets  unit! vulujihlr JiSh .rs tu  Canada today.
they earui sliv
Ins  indictment
mafic   German''.-,
much more fe.-irfu
individual   officers
fiendish than the lurks I-!:'em selves
and assisted in the drpi.r'.atioris id
certain places in Am a Elinor. L'i:!i'-
licvable as it may s'eui. German' officers were found  vvho. when the  Ol-
')��� ?(:
ol.ieial and. dipl.
lie a.!si-. make- a
arcusv.fio'. ;ig:onsi
vviiu v.if iMure
Turks   l!v
tomaii  authorities
id
hear*.
���_..fc!r>g
.their
i-'iiir.'ri
Stner
���ib-issy
a- ci.?*
, ._,-.l,.!
icvvaii and Maniioba. Tlie.v brought
with them 68 carloads of effects and
a . personal .wealth to th i'liifiiini oi
���<3o.<,'i,).l. The.-e settlers are in addition to those arriving for the purpose of assivung to harvest this
year's crop, many of wliom are . so
satisfied with condition's in Western
Canada, that they intend 10 remain
and take up land.
The Housewives' View
The housewife,  with years of
fiericn.ee  and   frugal    providing.
-.in
i
not th'
to fire on women and children
refuge within doors, turned
fruns on the buildings and e
in "cynical artillery practice."
mtr knows that the Gcnran e
had received complaints abut:l
of this kind, which were for
to Berlin  without 'result.
This book by Dr. Stuermer. :t .native German, of unquestionable patriotism, who served  faithfully at th-
front  till  1 ���-.  In .'Itli   was  -h itt  iid,   i | he who n.vtr v
man of v.   i' lro��n honi-tv, c >i i '       ���:  tu  it'-  lu)i��',
pnd  npng1 tin-, t-- bound  i > ,    V,,        .,,_���   _v-j ���C'tirbo
deep impri -mom    oulMii.   ot  lnii       v ���       ���
?s will   i-  v lihri h?r liound.i-t< -   lur1     , .- . ���      ,
N our   ! '<��� nd   .-
>ine''ii!-,g
"\ c-      rvp'.A
scarcely  any.    Yet  you   know    how
viduable fish is itl Canada today."
("apt (Vernier will probably gr
back next summer, when he will se^
again his chief officer, Wilfrid Car
on, who is left alone among t! <
F.sciuiniaux lo suppl.v their v;:uit_>
and watch the traps.
ex-
and
Care of Blankets
Here   is   a     satisfactory    way    of
was'iitig  blankets:   Slice   half  a  cak
of washing  soap into   two   quarts  (.;
water.    Set on the stove and stir ui:
til  dissolved,  add cold   water    in
ns.ng   and   saving   almost   resents   it X^       t b     To  tW    soap     watcr ad
f-.s  :m  msuli  to  have    somi;    silken I ^ ta,)le spo(_115 0{ povvdered bora:
whii  perhaps,  doesn't  cook   a
eat i:i a "month  of Sundays."  rolling up to her doors in a shining car
and  preaching   the   necessity  of  savin lv ancl  asking  her  to   avoid  waste
Soak the blankets in  this overhigh
Then wash them in this water, nns
them twice in cold water, wring, va:
hang on  the line.    This recipe    vv,
v >sh  four blankets.       Bc  sure    r<
-to- a scr.>p, use-   HSC   onU.  coj_i   watcr  and   thev     \\
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have been committed bv their airmc
:n this coun��r\   and Fr.ince will    d
feet   the   allies   from   their     purpo��.
while  the-\   will ccrtainl.     con<titu.
the  Germane  the p?nah* among th.
people- of th-. -world in ihe long dai��
of  p��"cf   which   will   at   l?._.t  <___v,ti,��� (
!__*)'don Dailj  1 <_i.gr_.pii.
A
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HAMIUPN,   CANADA
;:   OFFICES AND WAREHOUSES AT TORONTO. MONTREAL. WINNIPEO ��nd VANCOUVER.
_,-_
i ___ '���'*t*-^N8_
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THE    LEDGE,     GREEN WOOD,    B.
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CANADIAN FORESTRY
MPORTANT PART AT THE FRONT
SUPPLYING  TIMBER  FOR   ROADS   AND   DUGOUTS
Two Canadian Forestry Ccrinpan.es are Now Working in  the
French Army Territory, Clearing Timber From Ground but
Recently Captured From the Enemy
_  (-___	
The militia department has received two interesting reports covering
comparatively recent operations in
France of Canadian railway and forestry corps. In regard to the latter,
it is said, that twelve new companies of the Canadian forestry corps
have arrived in France, making a total of 42_now in the country, with
a total strength of 270 officers and
7,233 other ranks. These figures do
not include the second Canadian
construction company (colored) 11
officers and 420 other ranks. A very
large quantity of mill machinery and
logging equipment has been received.
The report sta-fces that the sixth
company situated in the English
army area, continues to increase its
output. The production of the companies in this area proved of great
value during [he Vimy and Mcs-
sines attacks, a large, quantity _ of
timber of all descriptions having
been supplied for roads, dugouts, gun
emplacements and wining operations.
Two newly-arrived Canadian forestry companies have been dispatched to the French army area where
operations have commenced in a
forest which was a r'mrr lime ago
held by the enemy, who had a .sawmill.' There-arc still on the ground
a large _ number of trees felled by
Huns, who had been driven from the
territory before the.;.- c.c:;'d convert
them into the lumber, li: has been
established also thr.t the German
army has been in the h.-.bit of sending logs from ibis front lo. Germany.
The., operations of these companies
will be within a few kilometres of
the firing line and it has he..i. nrces-
sary to have all mc:; crj.'.ipped will.',
and" trained in the use of gas helmets. They havc also beer, equipped
villi  steel  helmets. *r    /
The report on the Crm.tdian railway troops stated that during the
month of July alone these forces located 82 miles of  the  narrow  gauge
Norway Has No Claim
Plea for Exemption From American
Embargo Not Considered
Of all the European neutrals, none
has suffered so from German fright-
fulness as Norway. Others havc endured losses ot" life and property at
sea, but not in the same measure.
And these have carried on a very
.profitable trade with Germany, which
might be regarded as compensation,
if compensation for such injuries
were possible. The Norwegian merchant marine, which at the beginning of this year totalled 2,252.395
Ions, is nearly as large as that of
Holland, with 1,611,320 tons, and
Sweden with 1.128,435 tons, combined and it is five limes larger than
that of Denmark, with 587.556 tons.
Hut, though its amount of loss by
submarines would be. normally more
than that of "he others, the excess
is out of all proportion to ils size.
No less than 604 ships out of a total
of 2,036 have been lost, aud something like an equal number of seamen has been lost witli lhem. It
has been said that one purpose of the
attacks on neutral tonnage'has been
to cripple Germany's business rivals
at sea, and this peculiar hostilily to
the first of the Scandinavian naval
powers seems lo prove it. No nation
ever was worse used by another
with which-it was supposed to bc at
peace.
jit would be easier to sympathize
with Norway in her predicament, to
lend an attentive car to her plea for
cxemplion from an American embargo, if she had resented Ihe German
attack with .uore spirit. Ilcr position, it should bo noted, is by no
means so difficult as that of Holland
or of Denmark. Nor has she pro-
Gerniiin inclinations like Sweden.
While tlie allies keep the German
fleet in port Norway is in no danger
of invasion, unless from Sweden,
is is too remote a contingency
considered. Germany has of-
icr an ample casus belli,,  and
''Over the Top"
Nerve-racking Experience   Described
By a Correspondept
A vivid sketch of war realism���
one of the most, nerve-racking experiences it is possible to undergo���is
portrayed in terse, soldier-language
by a correspondent. The "ovcr-thc-
top" feeling is nothing - compared
with the slow agonies���the prolonged nervous strain���of an expected
enemy counter-attack.
Before the attack is delivered the
Imaginative man undergoes moments
of acute terror���terror not unlike
that of a child cowering in darkness,
lie can feel the pounding of the
enemy's barrage long before it
crashes across the parapet. He suffers that sensation of paralysis so
familiar in dreams. He stands riveted to the spot till, the scorching bayonet, a grey ghost of his brain, is
tearing through his flesh. And yet
the same man with calm courage will
unflinchingly expose himself and open rapid fire when the actual attack
begins.
It is a curious point in psychology.
I have faced /several counter-attacks,
and my sensations were precisely the
same on each occasion. There was
first a waiting period of acute tension���of unconquerable nervous impotence aud agony���whieh held mc
in ils grasp, then vanished utterly.
It gave place to a quaint sensation
of excited csi i iosit.v and detachment
from llic events that were happening.
1 recall the. evening as if it were
yeslcrdav.       The  details  are  stcii.o-
!.!
railway and 21 miles of wide, gauge.
��� In  addition,   they ballasted   over  100 j 'to_. 'j.J.
miles of railway and kept other lines j frrr,f
L,LJep.!iir- D.uri,!F the month ��oa.r1:r i shecan accept it" and defend her ha-
300, miles ot railway line was being l\om] security and her national hon-
maintamed by this force which mini-, or wjthotit invoking destruction. She
1~ __.._,__. __��._ __.__*._._.��. __,*���!,._��� t'    flAf 1 **��������* !.%.������_' _���      1        . _. ** . _. ...
berg approximately 8,000 men. Casti
elties during the period totalled 3
officers aud 86 men. The report states
that a number of battalions engaged
in parrow guage works werc_cn.pSV.y-
ed close behind the lines. This necessitates the railway lines being constructed close up to the firing line
and on account of the increased
shelling of back areas on the part of
the enemy, a great amount of repair, work had to bc done..
could be of great service lo the allies
and they are in a position to protect
her. B:;i since she remains supine
under '..jury, she cannot expect tbe
United States to except her from the
operations of the embargo.���Philadelphia  Public   Ledger.
U. S. Traitors
They
Dewey Took the Rwk
When American Admiral Dared the
German Fleet
Major-General Sir George Votmg-
Itusbaiul. in his book, "A Soldier's
Memories in Peace and War,' 'tells
of being the guest of Admiral Dewey at Manila, where Younghusbatid
was visiting in a private capacity.
This was at the time of the Spanish-
American war. The German fleet
started to sail into the blockaded
port in a most insulting and provocative  manner.
This did not seem to Admiral Dewey a very correct procedure; but, as
lie said, he was not very well up in
the etiquette of the ocean, so lie
semaphored across to his friend, Sir
Edward Chicesler of the little second-class British cruiser, the Bona-
venturc, for advice. Sir Edward, a
etout old sailor, of the best old
Btock, immediately replied that undoubtedly the German fleet had no
right to be there, except by courtesy
of the blockading fleet. The Germans
had no sea manners, he added.
"What ought I to do?" asked Admiral Dewey.
"Fire acros his bows," replied Sir
Edward Chkcstcr with great blunt-
ncss.
In the course of two minutes whizz
���z���zbang, went a shot across the
German's bows, and in an incredibly
short space of time her fleet anchored hastily. Next was seen a steam
pinnace, evidently in a great hurry,
pushing " off from the German Admiral's flagship and scurrying towards the Olympia. In the pinnace;
were seated sonic very angry Germans. They were escorted courtcous-
y aboard the Olympia, simply bursting with wrath, and with their feathers flying anyhow.
"Do you know, sir," exclaimed the
Infuriated German emissary, "that
this action of yours might entail war
with the great German  empire?"
'���'I am perfectly aware of the fact,"
replied Admiral Dewey with great
coolness and courtesy. Then hospitably invited bis guests to assuage
tlrcir wrath with a cocktail or a mint
julep.
But the German was not to he pacified, and  flounced himself off to report the matter to Wilhclm II.
"And do vou know." said  Admiral
Reveal   Themselves   by Their
Bitterness Against Great
Britain
The United States can determine
who are its traitors by three simple
tests, declared the Kcv. Dr. Newell
Dwipht Hillis in the second of a
series of sermons on Germany at
Plymouth  church.  Brooklyn.
Putting hla analysis of the disloyalist situation in precise lerms.
Dr. Hillis said: "The three tests
of the  traitors  lo  this  country arc:.
"First, he tries to find something
he can criticize in Great Britain, so
as to justify German atrocities.
"Second, he will never utter a
word of criticsm of those atrocities,
but hates anybody who can prove
the German  cruelty.
"Third, he never tires of insisting
that Germany is fighting for the freedom of the seas���when, in his wicked heart, he knows that in half a century there has not been one single
British port in the world that has not
been as open and as free to a German ship as to a British."
Dr. Hillis remarked further that
there are certain German-Americans
who think they can milify the influence of every German atrocity by
"assembling people and talking on
the crimes of  England."
"These people���pacifists and aliens
���are- now with Btihtle cunning and
vast secret trickeries attacking England ancl trying to alienate the Irish."
the preacher added, "as if the mistakes of the United States and England prior to this great war have
anything to do with the moral issue
involved since this war began.
"Our insistence that every interest
of httmnaity, democracy- and liberty
is being Supported by the United
States. Great Britain and France,
does not mean that we have also
supported and justified everything in
the history of Russia prior to 1934.
or in the ancient revolutions of
France, or in the troubles between
South Ireland and  England.
"The world at this moment is concerned simply with one thing: "Shall
this fonl creature that is in the German saddle, with hoofs of fire, trample down all tbe sweet growths in
the garden of God? And these traitors who try to confuse tlie issue
with endless agitations against England should be arrested and interned.
"In their bitterness against Fug-
-Gcrmans cannot  und
-     ���   s
typed on my brain. The sky was
fleecy with while clouds. There was
nothing in Ihe sun-baked stretch of
the enemy's lines to indicate that he
was massing with fixed bayonets,
(our deep in his front line. But suddenly his guns opened, and shells of
all calibres rushed through the air
towards us, bursting close at hand
and cohering ns with earth, small
Stones, and sulphurous  fumes.
For the next half-hour my eyes
were glued to my periscope. I shall
never forget that half-hour of vivid
expectancy. .1 pray eel for something
to happen that would break the spell.
My heart was thudding in by throat.
Should I bc able to keep my legs
firm when they came over? How
would it feci when the bayonet was
pushed into my body? And, above
all, what would happen if I lost the
line? What would the men say, ami
the captain and the colonel and Ihe
general? These were the thoughts
thai cotnsed through my excited
brain.
Then the first wave of the expected connlcc-atlack scrambled over
the enemy's parapet. A thread snapped in my brain. 1 nipped ouL a fire
order.
A movement rippled down our
line. My men were manning' the
parapet. I dropped my periscope
and stood tip on the fire-step. 1 felt
no sensation of fear; only a vast and
consuming curiosity . as to whether
the* Huns would  reach  our trench.
The first wave advanced fully
thirty yards before one of lliem dropped.
A machine Rim crackled its staccato rat-tat-tat-tat��� rat-tat-tat���rat-
tat; and several others picked up the
crisp chorus. The lending wave still
ran towards us. But in their centre
a"'wide gap suddenly yawned. Tn this
gap Ihe gionnd was strewn with figures some of d.'-m squirmed and
wriggled, others lav ph-T.ld in death.
The wave of men still rushed on. A
second wave por.u'd over Ihe parapet  of the enemy's  trench.
Then our own artillery burst forth
It was a stupendous salvo, it rnnib-
fed   overhead   like    gigantic engines
Battering Enemy Defences
Machine Guns   the   Great   Hope   of
the Germans
According to the special . correspondent of the London Times at the
front the value of the machine g'.m
in defence has been recognized since
the earliest days of the war. In despatches describing the first day's
fighting on the Somme, nearly 14
months ago, it was suggested that
the essential feature of the future
fighting on this front would lie, like
the contest between naval guns and
ship's armor, an increasing effort, on
the one hand, to hide tr.'-ichine guns
in more and more-impregnable posi-
_ioi;s, and on the other, a growing
i.Hensity of heavy gun-fire lo endeavor to knock them out. in a
large measure, this has proved true.
Many new factors have come into the
war since then, such, as tanks and
boiling oil, and new gas shells of
various sorts, as well as an immense
development of aerial fighting. But
the essence of the German defence
is the machine gun, continually disposed and sheltered in new ways, and
our suprenie'weapon against it is primarily our artillery.
..When the Somme battle began the
Germans had their machine guns disposed along their trenches, generally
at commanding angles, with wooden
emplacements, which raised them
just above the parapets. Wc soon
learned to pour upon the lino of a
trench such a concentration of gun
lire that nothing could live under it,
so that no machine gun along the
trench line survived when our men
Went over. Then the Germans tried
disposing machine guns, in addition
to those which were in the trendies,
iu scattered positions in Ihe rear,
whence they rained their bullets
blindly over their own trenches,
through our barrage, at the ground
across which our men were presumably advancing. This machine gun
barrage was never very effective; and
in several cases at least' it caused
large casualties among the Germans
themselves, both in the trenches and,
especially, in masses of German prisoners as they came out of the
trenches to surrender or were being
marched back to the rear.
Meanwhile, the intensity of the artillery bombardments was altering
the character of the fighting by creating what the. Germans call the
crater area, and the enemy began to
make increasing usc of the shell holes
in this area for machine gun posts.
We intensified our artillery fire over
still wider areas, and supplemented
them in turn with machine gun barrages, so searching all the open country, as well as demolishing the established trench lines, machine gunners in open shell holes had a poor
chance of survival until our infantry
attack developed. Then���a little last
autumn, more in the winter, but most
of all this summer���the Germans began using concrete on an immensely
extended   scale.      Early this   spring,
War Makes "Entente
Cordiale" Permanent
French Estimation of English Characteristics  Undergoes  Complete Change
Three years,of war have completely revolutionized the Frenchman's
idea of the English character, and
have knit the two nations in a friendship which will lasl forever. This
opinion was expressed by a great
French war correspondent in a letter
written just before he died du the
field of battle, 'flic letter was written to a British officer whom the
French correspondent had known in
peace times and given to the Associated Press for publication. It says
in part:
"Before the war, I tried to understand the English so far as a man
could, who does not care much for
travel and is content to study a people by its works. I had read those
books which in France wc believed
to represent the best of what modern
England   was  writing.
"Modern England lo me was a
very sombre country. 1 saw it always in my mind with those gray wet
skies that we used to think of (and
in that no doubt wc were wrong,
loo) as llic habitual sky of England.
For such skies suited the England
that .1 knew. There were heavy
storm clouds always low over, llic
England where Air. Hardy's tragic
Figures stepped, bravely enough, to
their .doom; and au unbroken gray
sky over that troubled, .unhappy, mismanaged England of .Mr. Wells. I
knew that France was often unhappy,
and often all astray, and yet I knew
too, that the old unconquerable Gallic soul was slill in her people. But
if you knew her only from Ihe works
of "modern French writers, what
would you think? What were you in
England thinking before the war? I
ought  to  have  suspected  that I  did
WESTERN GRAIN PRODUCTION
AND ITS FUTURE POSSIBILITIES
s   ,
CANADA  AND  THE  WORLD'S  SUPPLY  Otf'WHEAT
The Three Provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta arc
Capable of Producing More Wheat Than is Grown in All the
Principal Countries of the World Outside Central Powers
__ ��� o 	
Germany and the U. S.
From a Speech by Theodore Roose-
vclt at Kansas City
"For no nation does ' Germany feel
and   express   such     bitter  and     contemptuous hostility as for Mid United]
States.   There  is   no
face  of  the globe  wiucii   _ _.__...   _
bc more delighted to ruin and    p?tr��-1 Spa'n,
der.    Under  .such  circumstances   the | Switzerland,     Canada,     the
It was with considerable satisfaction that readers in all allied countries received the statement made a
short time ago by the Institute of
Agriculture at Rome that 1917 had
seen ait increase in the wheat. crop
of the principal countries of the
world, outside of the central powers,
nation- mi lhei��f 3-3 per cent, over 1916. TI.c-.e-
ilu.-T -�� s-iild I figures were based on returns    from
Ull. ,'     *. ___*iU      _.*s     . r, ..,,-,        i I
France,    Scotland,     Ireland.
_  United
public men and newspapers engaged' Stales, India, Japan and Algeria,
in defending Germanv or assailing u"IlIch countries are tins year esti-
England and our other allies or in mated to show a total wheat produe-
protesting against the war and de- tion ^ 1,66.1,4-18,000 bushels. At the.
maiidiiig an inconclusive peace are Isalllc time these sal1ic countries
Ctiilty ot moral treason to this conn- ' *-bow amjncrca.se in their barley crop
trv, and while the  German-American   of 2A Pcv cvi\U: an increase in  then
not know England.    Instead 1 wond- j practically   unanimous       support
that   government   heretofore   by
Germans  at   home     shows     that
present llic Germans arc back of
crcd often where was the soul ot
England that had been, that Shakespeare had written about and boasted
of.    His words oi  England    showed J German  government. ��
passion  almost  too great  for words, j     "They    have    enthusiastically  sup-
Were  there  none  lo write     of    her (ported its  policy of brutal disregard
papers have achieved ;iu evil prominence in this maldr the professional
anti-English Irish papers are as bad
and the purely sensational demagogic and unpatriotic section of the
native American press is-the worst
of all.
"Germany embodies the principles
of successful militaristic autocracy.
Much has been sairl about our being
against the German government but
not against the German people. '("lie
attitude of tlie German-American
press and the German alliance in this
country in their hearty support of
tlie     German     government    and   the
of
I lie
at
the
now, or was. she  unworthy: _     there I 0f  tlie rights   of  others,
were  many in  Erunee  thinking    the , reverse   themselves,   until
same  as  I.    We distrusted^ all  ppli-1 0ff the vokc of militari
tics and judged  no people by
rhat
v
their public men said and did.
"And so llije war came, and we
wondered during those five days of
suspense what England would do.
Hcnv should we know? We did tiol
know her. I had only known her
from bo'oks, and such knowledge did
not seem to promise much at such a
crisis.
Until they
they cast
stic autocracy
they identify themselves with it and
force us to be against them. It is for
the German people, themselves to
differentiate themselves from their
government. Until they do this they
force us lo bc against* the German
people as a necessary incident of being against the-German government.
"The Germans' govern from above
down.     The people of this  republic,
"And then your army came lo I like the people of France, like the
France. I never remember to have pCQ])_c 0f j.;..^...^. believe in gov-
met in any of the English books any j eminent from below up. In other
such soldiers. I saw your armies | w-ords, we believe in government by
How your modern writers nave mis-   ourselves.    The   Germans   believe   in
represented you? Or wafe; it that you | being governed bv an  autocratic dy
had  suddenly  changed? Here  in   the i nasly w|,ic],   _-e_.ts"    j.rimarily
ficlds and towns of Fraircc I found
...not modern England as I knew her,
during the Arras fighting, the Times i but the England of Elizabeth,
described the new type of German "j have seen your army in many
machine gun shelter, or "AI.E.B. ; places now, and it has been like a,
U." which was built into trenches, in! pageant of English ages and the old
shell holes, in commanding position j English books lo me. 1 havc seen
on the crest of rising ground, and j Sam A-V'eller himself in khaki and
any other location which had strafe-j heard him talk, though I understood
gic advantages. Many of these were ;'little of il; and one night in a village
built in advance of the trench ,lines, ! esUmiuct, 'smoky and ill-lit, where
far enough out into No. Man's Land I your men sat around with the French
to bc presumably in front of the area j "mud thick on them, I felt myself in
covered by our botnbardmeu
The more recent fighting lia-�� seen
a great and general increase of these
tactics and a tremendous growth in
the usc of concrete. In every despatch dealing with the fighting
around Ypres correspondents    .speak
taverns,
soldiers'
one of  Shakespeare's    own
And   I   have   beard    your
songs.
"This it is that has astonished mc
in your soldiers., not their courtesy,
not their kindness, though these have
astonished  many,    but    their    great
great militaristic  class  and  a
beaurocratic  class.      No    man
supports  Germany- at this  tinn
claim   to. be--'a   real   democrat
real lover of free institutions,
false to both democracy    and
doom."
on    a
great
who |
rye crop of 10.7 per cent.; an increase
in their oat cr��p of 19.9 per cent.-
and an increase iu their corn crop
of 25.3 per cent. That such increases
should he possible among nations,
most of whom arc engaged in war, i'i
in itself a tribute to the productive-
energy of manhood.
The enormous total of l,66.i,448.00ft
bushels of wheat is so great that ie
refuses to be grasped by the human
mind without some units- of comparison. If this crop of wheat were
loaded into freight cars, 1,000 bush-'
els lo the car, and each car occupied
forty feet on the railway _ track, it:
would represent one solid loaded
train 12,617 miles in length���moitr
than enough lo reach half way round
llic world at the equator. These
loaded cars, without engines, would
occupy seven-eights the entire trackage of the Canadian Pacific railway,
known as the world's greatest transportation company.
There is, however, another point
of view, and a very' appropriate one
at this particular period when the.
agricultural countries are called upoti
to produce the utmost pound Of food.
While the countries mentioned havc
done well their accomplishn_en_.
shrinks into insignificance when com
pared   with   their  possibilities.
Guynemer Had
A Great Rezord
of scattered concrete strongholds, pill I gaiety.   So   that   T  have -always    the
ilmndirintr throutrh  th- air"jn"fVon'l i boxes, redoubts, armed with machine   curious feeling that it is we French,
Z     X     aS      The   guns, which  form    the backbone  of who  have  suflered  much    who    arc
detention of bombs sounded farther;'the  German  resistance.      They    are i now the staid,  dull  people, and. you
down the trench
I turned my pciiscope sideways.
Hun bodies were being flung over
our patapct. My sergeant appeared.
"Cleared "cm out with bombs, sir."
he remarked. "Look, sii I" He pointed to our front.
"Cease fire," I ordered. For the
attackers had disappeared. What
was left of their, bad retired.
"Thai's the end. sir'" .-buckled my
sergeant.
I thrust my liar.Ov. _
breeches pockets. I di
him to sec they were tn-
everywhere, especial    use    is    being! English,  who  have  shown  us   those
made  of  the  cellars  of    old    farm-(great  Gallic  types  that  our  writers,
houses, crossroads, estaminets. and ! Rostand, Daudct and the rest, have
other buildings, as well as of old gimfloTtd.
pits and any inequality in the ground i "I have seen English soldiers go-
whether natural or artificial, such as {ing down the street, _ waving to _ the
quarries or cuttings of any kind. The
into
. not
sibling
my
want
Midsummer Christmas
/.mi  <io  yui.  rui.-w.    =��� ��.   .......... ,      ,   u      pro.Ornj.,,.,,  cannot  under-
Dewey to us   "I'd never have risked ^   ��      * J      ,        ,..���,,     roloni���s
h .i    it  hadn't  been   for     that _ hit le ����      . >     ,   .    ft             _,���.,     ������.;,.
BntKh cruiser rrpresenlnig the Bnt- f   ��      t^  ^^ V.hlier��    frr!    t!u>t
ish floct :lt "'i' back" England's judicial  sWem.   her    mil
3,500,000 Cartridges Daily
One factory at a British munition
centre, engaged in making small
arms munitions and shell cases, illustrates the almost fabulous expansion of the manufacture in England since the beginning of the war.
This factory in August, 1914. made
cartridges at the rate of 7.000.000 a
vear. Today the output or cartridges
ifi 25.000.000 a week, or more than
3,500,000 a day. More than 30,000
workers are required to make the
cartridges and shell cases turned out
by this one firm. Half of these workers arc men and half- women and
girls.
Oh, Man!
"The evening wore on," continued
the man  who w.-is telling tlie story.
"Excuse me." interrupted the
would-be wit. "but can you tell us
what the evening wore on that occasion?"
"I do not know that it is important," replied the story teller, "but if
you must know, I believe it was the;
close of a summer day."���From Ideal
Power.
How Australians Keep Up the   Old
English Customs
Despite the efforts of the blazing
sun Christmas traditions survive in
Australia. Roast turkey and plum
pudding are as much a part of
Christmas as they arc in Canada,
though tlie average Christmas day
has a temperature of 100 degrees.
Midday dinner is the rule in most
parts, so the feast is served when
the stm is at its height. Remembering that many of the country houses
are built of galvanized iron you will
know how hot they arc, with the
51111 beating on thf-m. This is all
very different to qur Christmas day,
but the love of the old English
Christmas is so deeply rooted in the
Australians' hearts that, in spite of
the beat, they cat turkey and plum
pudding.
Snapdragon round tho fire at night \
is kept  up bv    some  of the  people,
for   as   an   old   settler   once   said,   "A ;
fire doi's-n'l  seem to make any diffcr-
enre   It.    an     Australian     December!
day."    Cluistmas day in  that    country, just  as in Canada and  England,
i..' the one d.iv of the year on which
everv uandeiing member of the fatii-
ilv   must   make  a  big  effort   to    get   English,
chief feature of these deiences is
that they can be and are disposed in
indefinite depth, so that there is no
definite line through which, once penetrated, our men can proceed over
open country. There are defences
always beyond defences. Where particular lines have to be defended the
enemy is more than ever trying to
push his machine guns out in front
of the line as well as having them in
depth behind. We are acquiring a
large experience of the German construction of defensive lines as one by
one they fall into our hands.
What, of course, the German would
like would bc for iis to advance in
dense masses across country protected in this way without artillery pre
windows their green trench helmets,
like an old muskatoer's stuck on
with Gascon swagger, great rollicking, uncouth types that would have
enchanted Rabelais. And these are
tbe men who have come lo its from
that land of gray skies, that fog-dull,
rain-sodden, sombre-respectable land
that I thought was England. My
faith, how little  I knew  her."
paration. We have shown no desire
to oblige him; though, as has been
remarked- before, he sometimes sees
visions of such masses in his ��� communiques. Instead, we strike always
at limited objectives behind the pro-
tec'ing barrage of our guns, with not
the remotest intention of being taunted into an effort at that wonderful
manoeuvre which the enemy calls
"breaking through." We eat up the
German defences a mile or half _.
mile or three miles at a time. Such
of the machine gun positions or redoubts as survive our barrage our
men stalk or the tanks "go in." The
more men the enemy puts into the
bit of groiind atircked the more
"osses he lias in killed, wounded and;
10,000 Acre Wheat Farm
The Noble Farm Produces a 300,000
Bushel Crop
The Noble ranch at Nobleford.
Alta., created a great name for itself
last season. It cropped snd_ harvested one thousand acres of wheat
which produced 3d bushels to the
acre and netted a gross revenue of
about $100,000.    People  thought that
Famous French Aviator   Who  Was
a Terror to the Enemy
Guynemer is credited in the army
aviation records with having shot
down fifty-three German airplanes
inside the German liue3 and with
having destroyed at least twenty-five
more that were uncounted. He was
one of the youngest meti of his rank
in the French army, having been promoted by President Poincare in
February last at the age of twenty-
two. At the beginning of the war
Guynemer was under age. He tried
five times unsuccessfully to get into
the army and finally had lo literally
break his way into the aviation
corps. The infantry refused him because, he was under weight for his
height and the flying corps rejected
him because the examining surgeon
considered that he was too nervous.
Finally, through the influence of a
friend of his famiiy who was in
charge of an aviation school he was
allowed to learn to fly, He astonished his instructors by his rapid
progress and coolness and won a
flying license, after which the aviation corps accepted him.
Guynemer became an "ace" iu the
French aviation corps in August,
1916, and soon thereafter surpassed
the record of Sub-Lieutenant Jean
Navarre, who up to that time led
with twelve German machines to his
credit. Iu the meantime Guvnemer
had received two bullets in the arm
at Verdun. In 1916 the Academy of
Sports awarded tho young aviator a
10.00'J franc prize for "the best sporting event of the year." At the end
of the same year, with his captain
stripes, he received the Cross 01" the
I.ecion  ri Honor.
For
instance, tlie three Canadian provinces of Manitoba, Saskatehewaiiand
.Alberta could produce three times
the total wheat crop, above referred
to! This statement ma3'. seem extravagant until submitted to the test of
cold figures. - Then we get data like
this:
According   lo  the   government    of
Canada there  are in    the    provinces
j mentioned   the  following  areas   suit-
can   ab��c for agricultural purposes:
?.'    .aI     Alaniioba 74,216,000 acres;  Saslcar-
I-Ic is 1 ./..ewan  93,459,000;    Alberta  105,217,-
iree-F{_.;;o:  total 272,892.000 acres.
i The average wheat crop in these
'.provinces for the last ten 3-cars has
been, Manitoba 18.20 bushels per
acre; Saskatchewan 18.44 bushels per
acre; Alberta 20.19 bushels per acre.
The average for the three provinces
is  therefore   practically    19    bushels
sj
was  a good  record    and    that    the-
Nobles  would  show   good  judgment
if they did  not  try to exceed  themselves.    A 1,000-acre crop was somewhat   of a  gamble  even   in  the  bc-t,     .....
of times.    But the Noble., have    an I     Captam  Guynemer s  great
abounding  confidence   in   their     land   v-?rii  ^as,  ��"   ;Ma>!   z'
and iu  their  farming, abilities.     The   ^llC11 hc brought ch.w
1,000 acres did not satisfy them.    If
1,000  acres   of   their   bind   was   good   . -__...���.
ihev had  other   thousands    just    as   ������'��  "'larked  a  group  ol ^nr. ^ \\ uh
good.     So  tbcv   took   another     risk   1 f!,Iv   turee   cartridges   left  while     011
0t  v.he-it.' ''i.'  homeward  Uight,  he   enc.uinlci en
maciuiii-.s,
I.ir in ih.-
da_,V
ot   this     \ear
four German ���
two of which he accounted j
space of two minutes, l.-.v
bush
i'fr acre. If you multiply the avail
able acreage as given above by 19
you will find that these provinces, i'*
entirely cultivated, are capable of
producing in an average year 5,184,-
94S.fH.-0. bushels of wheat���considerable more than three times the total
which is being produced' this vear.
1917, by Snain, France, Scotland.
Ireland, Switzerland, Canada. United
States, India.. Japan and Algeria,
combined. The single province of
Alberta can produce as much wheat
as all of these countries and have,
more left over than was giown in
1917 in all Canada. _
Of course, it is impossible, as a
practicable matter, to put every arable acre of land in any country in
wheat, but if we say for the sake of
illustration that one third of the arable land in these provinces is summer-fallowed, one third sown to
coarse grains or pasture, pud nr.s
third to wheal, the proportion that
is sown to wheat will produce a
ereatcr croo than that already mentioned as being grown bv all tho
countries before referred to.
Those  ficures  mav  be    interesting
generally  for  the  rrrc-at     comparison
which ttiey afford, but they must also
carry the  conclusion   that   the  world
is a very long way from  bavin .r exhausted its food prodtieifis.  po<...i!iili-
ti.L?.    Anv scarcity of food    production   which   may  at   nresrnt   wast   is
liaceable  almost  entirely  to mi     im-
oroper distribution of poptil""ion.  In
the oh1'f roi'nl ri.'s the  poiiiila'ion is
compelled  to  e>;i--.r   on   such    limited
jj.re.is that prod-n-turn on a n-k.tively
jl.^rge  scale is  i��nnossih!<\ whereas in
I'i,..  ..ewer coimiri.*^ ..neb  as  \\ f^teru
I 1" "tiada t!,e population is :'*.  vel   t,v_-
i allv iiisuffieient  to  bi-ii!_r the   country
' uiiikr   cii'i'Valion.     Th^-^  arc  condi-
1 i ni��_   which     will    doi'bth-ps      ii*_hf
lI'i'iiiM'ivc-;:   in   fact   the   process     nl
correction  is  p<">'"��r on  very  ram'dlv.
They  planted   14.000 acre.
Fourteen   thou
tiic   fourth   German   and     shot     him
prisoners.    Having gr;..-pcd  the  slice j
(tie
counUr-at-
whicii we set out to gra>!>. Ave se
down   and  wait  for the
tacks.
' A1
il
service rule, her free trade., her justice and kindness and good will, hav
wrought such benefits to their children's children tbcv must travel thousands of miles to an England tbcv
have never seen and offer their
lives.
home. Then again, December is the
liolidav month, so the summer holiday  comes at   Christmas   tide.
Rousing the Russians
The fillip the Germans have given
1 to the Russians should help mightily
,'and seems to.be doing so. There is
'nothing  whatever  the    matter    with
An
nothing but   whe.it   , .    .       .
sand acres of wheat  means a tield a I down with  one 01  the.three remain
mile  wide  and 32 mile> long.      No- '��'."-' cartridge.-..    One ot  the two vie-
lu-ie but in the Canadian west culd   ':l'1' ''f shot  down ..n  Augii-d 4 la>t
.Mich  a grain  field be  found. | was  Lu-.t      rUdiciK.orl.    n    German
;     ,. _     1 .    . .1-1     1 i aviator, who  flew  tor a  Iruuii    air-
j     It took money to prepare tin, lam.. co!1.pntlv  !)tt-p���  ,.If   war    and,
,and  put  .11   the    crop     to  watch    .1 | - ,      ,    j   ',     - d ,..,.     Frcnch\
I through  thc_ summer.^ to  cut  it.  bar-; _,..__.,���������<., J
The  fii'tv-three    German   machines,
nfiii'ially  credited    to    Captain   Guv-j
laud. ulntiT"r I'.rMpidts.'s ninv be rv-
i il" i.-ij _.- -.1  in  t'.'dine- the  w��>rld   during the 'ie\t f.'w   v.-nis-. there- rnn be
no  {jiie^tiot1   th-i   they will  hc  solvs-.l
f<
so in    .'i
���nd   for
���ich .-.���T
(he
= _iil
ft'n'ient   popi'lal.O'i   _ i*
f.irat     otu-n     lil,.ii>��
:_\\.iilin��.  t
l^b in(l-
Scotch and   Irish   Fighters! VCi{ __'and thresh it. Rut the bin risk-
American    recently    returned   was the  summer.  Hail, drouth,  r.'-in.
snow,   fire.   111st   and   cutworms   wire
from service at the front  with Cana
dian troops tells of the difference in [ risks which were to be met. It took
preparations for battle of the English i all Ihe money of the big l��lt�� crop
soldi'-rs as compared with the Scotch ] nnd much besides to finance tlie
and Irish. When getting ready for ploughing, seeding, and other work,
attack, the English soldier carefully, And if the crop failed it _m.-a": a
goes over the mechanism of his rifle i very heavy financial blow, imlcc.l, t
I 1.--11U i\s record were worth something more than 1.500.1 .'OH francs.
Some of them were manned by two
or thrvc men, and it is estimated that
be  accounted  for   more than    ch.r;it_\
I pilots,   observers   and   gunners
t urn
but  it
couise
uaU   v 1
Corn Is Grass
belongs to tlie grrcs f.\ini;v,
, gnt's that h.:s t?i_er_ a fill!
rid ha:- alo d.mc j.i.st-grad-
��� 1k i��i Na.'.:ri's__ rgiic-ultui al
college. Oilier .,i-.;s.-cs dew lop set.'
at their tops. Kim k.iftir corn and
broomrorn folh-v.  thi- p:a:i.    Hut In-
"It is a stern condemnation ol \ _|1C Russian as a fiehter.
Germany that her sons pour forth
mouthing words for the fatlierl md.
yet not a regiment of Germans from
iirr African colonb * ever went to the
front. She had hundreds of thousands of
Brazil,  but  they  never  ri
to sec the locks arc working proper-1 the Nobles. It would have ni-.re than'
, Iv, the  barrel  free  of  mud  and    so   wiped  out  the  profits  of  \')](\   Still
.forth. I they had the courage, and they ha\��. ,
culty is  to make him angry, and the      Th<, Scot an(, tll<_ Ir;_.iin1a��� pav no ! won   a train. '
Gcrniaits-JwiTt shown what t hev can" .lUrntion lc) the    nnul on |ockf s"tock       Gf the big area    10.0DO acies  villi
be  counted on  to  do in. that   bclialt   or barrc]. bm cach vcry carcf.___v- ,,ol-^icld an average oi 30 bushels, or
dian coin
the irr.sv
vi lopin.
The  diffi-
and the
precious  skins  in   a   trench     fi editing
for militarism and autocracy.
"Two and a half years passed bv
and German-Americans who misrepresent their fellows, who alwavs
defend the kaiser and denv anv ntro-
_-;_;P?���none of these nvn ever hired
a sailing ship cr a steamer ilin-i-i?
the long mouths when this was possible, to   siil   proimd   the   North     sen
when the need arises. If tbey crrrv j ;?hc_, j,;, bavonct-on liis sleeve. The
out their rumored purpose ot  trying , j.^.., ovCr. "the English soldiers may
bc  observed  proudly e;
groups of prisoners, while lhe_ Scotch
~ iii con
Asked    about
sor.��, in the coitrp fields of j t'0 "KCl food for themselves by send-   b    obscrV4.d  proud!v escorting   back
sked     their   lng :l_. army to seize the corn  lands,   _. __..* -..._.:___ ,.._ i___-���_.,i.
mg an army  .
iu the south, they may give��� valuable
aid  to     General
York Times.
,.   -,i ���     , .    >-__.���. land  Irish come back empty handed.
\crkhov__fcy.���New 1 iV_.,_j    ..,���.._    __.,.,_,���.....,   ......  _.cply
-Wali
prisoners  they
total of 300,000 bushels.
 _^ /'Prisoners!    Never saw au
���, _r.    .��� I Street Journal.
Women Tools t J	
is  said  that  Queen  Victoria of
and
fk their
lives."���From the New
\ ork Tribune.
W.__N. .   U,     1180
Officer���What do the army
tions   make   the   fi
ihr that a map.  1
larv honors?
Private  Ca=-i���H-
ior.
rcgula-
It
I Sweden, a n.uleu princess, is responsible  for    the    treacherous    German
! machinations in Argentina. When wc
read the list ot" German princcases
who have been 1r.sp0m.ible for misfortune to their roval consorts, and
for trouble in their adopted lands, it
is  impossible  to   deny   that   Wilhclm
Training of Boys
"No boy. unless he has .skill and
knowledge, ^at. make a success," said
Dr. V. A. Mclt.tyrc, addressing' Boy
Scout's in Winnipeg. "Hc must also
he possessed of character. Sen ice
is t'le crowning grace for boys. \
serviceable !>ov in cvry  wav. is the
io  be   thi
Boring the Channel Tunnel
An enthusiastic United States engineer, Mr. John K. Hcnckcn, says
he has a plan whereby four tur.nc's
could bc bored beneath the F'nglisb
Channel "within thirty-five days, thus
j-tactically ending the submarine
menace. Mr. Henckcn claims thai
his machine will cut through earth
and rock at the rate of <T��0 feet an
hour. In describing his machine.
Mr.  Hencken   says  it  consists   of    a
ret   requisite   in  or- ' planned' well for the i_ow:<taii ol  roy-   country ,   greatest. ns-e.     Io  }>c   this
1.   huri- d  wish  mili-'alty  throughout     Europe    when    he i the bov must be km.l. U patient, hc-
! managed    the    roval     marriages    ot ; mu.-t cultivate social grace. _  t  bo\s
���'<     ���'���:_.  be   dead,   members   of  the     German     feminine j aic strong in thi s_ /'ut^-.s, tne;.   wilt
aristocracy.���Baltimore Star, "be strong   in  all tilings
series of s\_fc.��.ing hammers rotated it. All that I can sav
at a peripheral speed of about 500 machine v.,_s not on fire
feel   a  second,   striking  several   him- ' ~
dreti thousand blows a minute on the
space  to  be  excavated,  and  pulverizing the material "from 5 in. in greatest dimcr-sion down    to    impaipab'e  it.
pov. der.'' - even
Giiwienn r">  la.-t  flight  is describee1.] .   .
bv a "comrade, who is quote.' hi   '1 he | the  loiitt-.
iVilsior.  as  follow.-: __       1     AMien corn
'"Gi'.Mi^'ner sighted five in'chines
of t'v' Alb-dross type 1">3. Without
hesitation he bore down op them. At
tl at moiii.iil enemy patrolling ma-
ehine?. soaring at a great height. appeared suddenly and fell upon Guynemer.
"There were forty enemy maciunes
in   the   air  at    this     ti:*'i\    including
Count von  Kicbtliofen and hi., circus
division   cf   machines,   pi-htod  in   di-i
agonal  blue  and  whit."  stripes.    Te>- j
va:d-   Gm miner's  rhrhi  ��.'iiie     P-el- ;
f_i.11   m-iehine.s   ho. e   in  sicht,   L.it   it j
w:-s  t'>o late. .     j
"Gu.ncmcr must h_>i-e b.-ri bit.;
His machine dronr*. d centlv _ to- j
wards  the  earth  ami   1   lo-:   ir__i-!_  oi _
or m;.:;'c-
. tradition
its seed in
hi eland
av.a-.   frcie
rted
de-
cars coming ttou:
f'lvcloprd this habit ii
lar.g the bid! c>f ci\iii:-:ition and started a nev era. For corn was unknown
tc- the civilized world un!'! Ar.tcriej
was discovered. Here the Iiicii.ms
were found cr.lma.mg the .-'.rang*
cereal in their primitive  w.u".
\\hen the white man acknowledged the corn, and took up i��= cultivation, he ploughed the ground _ detp
with his meal ploughs aiu: cultivated
it carefully. The cjrn. _astciiished at
this attention, vrded in lo show
what it could do in return. The test Its are v.��eii toikr-- in tlie three billion bus::.! crop the Ue.iU'd S'.a'.cs
produces.
{'rack of I Japanese Make  Many Shells
that   the j     More    than    SO.OOO Tapai.ese it.uai-
j tions  makers    are  working 'lav   and
j night  turnine  out     amnuinit'un     for
.{.-���On the    street to<hv    a very j the  Russian  armies.    Thi- st.uemcnt
handsome vouug ladv smiM at  me.     was  made  in  lie   Mrrcli,  191.. i-'i
^e���\   woudn't  fee!  badlv    about t of ihe Japan  Magazine, in an artie::
who    look  or. "Making. Munition*  for    the  Al-
1 her" arr-  'otno   mpn
f-'nnicr  than  you  do.
lie*." i.-V
THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
$2 a year in Canada,   and   $2.50   In  tlie
United States.
R. T. LOWERY.
Editor andFinanciei.
B.   C. Mines
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     fi 00
Eslray Notices 3-00
Cards of Thanks    i-����
Certificate of Improvement  10.00
(Where more than one claim appears ir notice, $2.50 for each additional claim.)
All other legal'advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, ancl
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
O.N tlie Pacific coast, salmon waB
lii-ht etuiueil in California, on tho
Saereraeuto river.
Trrrc war in some parts of fehe
world is making the people more
healthy, by forcing them to eat
less, especially meat and sugar.
In the States a man has been
lecturing upon what he calls temperance. He adviseB people to eat
all the wheat they desire, because
if it is sent to England the grain
will be made into liquor. He
should prove this statement before
any action is taken in the matter.
Central War Fund
At bhe big meeting held on Sun.,
Nov.   IS,  it was resolved to form
a  Central   War   Fund committee
for Greenwood (with Mother Lode)
tour members to be elected by the
Mother Lode, four by the smelter,
tour by  the city.    Those elected
������vero Messrs.   Gillies,   MacLaren,
Sutherland and "Wheeler (Mother
Lode), Messrs. Axam, H.   Bidder,
L. McKenzie aud Meyer (Smelter),
Mrs.  Ashby and   Messrs.   Lucas,
H. "W.  Simpson  and J. L. White
(city).    The first meeting of the
Committee was held in the  Court
House on Saturday,  Nov.  24, the
only two unable feo be present were
Messrs. Meyer and Wheeler. Officers were elected as follows:    President.   L.   McKenzie,   Vice-President, G. Sutherland; Secretary, H.
C.  Lucas;   Treasurer,  F.   Axam.
Many points in   connection  with
the work of  fehe Committee  were
discussed, and amongst other matters is was decided that  two from
each section should be required  to
form   a   quorum;   also   that   the
handling   of   the   Patriotic Fund
should be lift to the Patriotic Committee till the end of the year, and
though the matter  of   getting in
touch with the various "War Funds
in the   place  was   discussed,   no
definite action was taken.
A suggestion was received from
the Skating Rink Committee that
fehe Central War Fund Committee
should run the Rink this winter,
any profit to go to the Central
War Fund; but it was finally decided to put an ad in The Ledge
asking for volunteers to help with
the work, since many must feel
the advisability of keeping the
Rink going, especially for the
sake of the young people. Names
of those willing to help to be given
to L. McKenzie or J, L. White by
Saturday, Dec. 1.
The Committee will meet again
on Saturday, Dec. 8. ,;..'-.-
It will .pay prospectors to lool.
for cauxite.
Indians have discovered gold at
Dalton Post, in the Yukon.
There will be a mining convention in Spokane February 11.
In the Uuited States 50,080 tons
of lead are produced monthly.
Rich burnite has been struck in
the Copper King, in the Yukon.
The Gold Cure near Kaslo has
suspended operations for the winter.
Upon account of the Trail strike
the Emma mine shut down last
week.
The closing of the Trail smelter
is appreciated by the people in
Germany.
A. J. Curie has eight men, taking out manganese on his property
near Kaslo.
The force at the Cork-Province
near Kaslo, has been reduced to
eleven men.
In the Slocan some ore will be
rawhided this winter from the
Freddy Lee.
The Lucky Jim, in the Slocan
shipped over $15,000 worth of ore
in October to Trail.
At an expense of SI,500,000, the
Granby will build a coke plant at
Anyox. The coal will be shipped
from the miue on Vancouver Island.
At Copper Mountain the C. C. C.
has done US,000 feet of diamond
drilling, 12,800 feet of tunnelling,
in addition to raises and shafts.
The surface trenching amounts to
32,000 feet.
The Highland Valley Co., 30
miles from Ashcroft has struck a
large body of 4 to 5 per cent, copper ore. The mill turned out 150
tons of concentrates in October.
The contents ranged from 20 to 24
per cent.
done on the Mollie B. group of
molybdenite claims at the month
of Bear river. The lead was
traced several hundred feet. It
averages from two to four feet in
width and carries from five to
fourteen per cent molybdenite.
The Maple Bay mines owned by
the Granby Co., upon which development work has been going
on during the past three year?,
commenced [shipping to the smelter at Anyox in August. A new
limestone quarry has been opened
up at Swamp point and a short line
of railway installed. The quarry
which is also owned by the Granby
Co., supplies the smelter at Anyox
with 4,000 tons of limestone per
month.
There are 1000 horses at the
races in Tia Juana, Mexico, this
season. Five races are run every
day, except Wednesday. The
Lord's Day Alliance does not do
much business in Mexico.
Professor Lakes died in Nelson
last week, aged 75 years. He was
a noted geologist, and had taken
out of the Colorado mountains
many specimens of the animals
that lived ou this earth millions of
years ago.
LAND  ACT.
I, CYRIL, RADAN, of Kerr Creek in
the Similkameen Division of Yale District, Rancher, intend to apply for permission to lease 80 acres of land, bounded as follows:���
Commencing at a post planted at the
North-West corner of Lot 2084S; thence
North 40 chains; thence East 20 chains;
thence South 40 chains; thence West 20
chains to the point of commencement,
aud containing 80 acres be the same more
or less.
Dated'October 20th, 1917.
CYRIL RADAN.
Advertising
Speaking of advertising, here is
what some of the publishers charge
for space: Ladies Home Journal,
S8 a line or $104 per inch, anc.
$6,000 for a full page each issue;
the back cover sells for $10,000.
A full page advertisement in the
Saturday Evening Post Bells for
$5,000, and the back cover sells for
$7,000; and the centre page in
color is $12,000. As this advertising space is always filled, it is
evident that advertising pays even
afe these prices.���Petrolia Advertiser.
Your friends can buy anything you can give them,
except your Photograph
Lake Studio
��Den Dec. 11812
ONIY
Solve 12 Xmas Problems
with 1 dozen Photos
JOHN CROPLEY
GREENWOOD
Blacksmith, Carpenter and
Wagon Maker
CASH paid for
Hides,   Pork,    Fresh
Eggs and Country
Produce
BROWNS - Midway, B.G.
D. R. McELMON
WATCHMAKER and JEWELER
PIPES   REPAIRED
Spectacles For Sale and Repaired.
Didn't Want To Lose Him
Jeruda���Affeatf we's married
we'll hab chicken fo' dinnah ebery
day, deary.
Matilda���Oh, you honey! But
I wouldn't ask you to run no sech
risks jes' fo' my sake.
Stewart District
Boil Potatoes in Skins
Approximately 20 per cent, of
each potato pared by ordinary
household methods is lost in the
process, according to a Louisania
iorae economics expert. The loss
I'.?ludes much and sometimes all
'X. the portion of the tuber con-
. iuing important soluble salts.
Potatoes that are boiled and bak< d
in their skins lose practically none
of their food value.
4.4��4.4��4��4��4��4��^4��^4<4>
Tlie Fi6h Creek Mining Company, under the management of
Mr. W. K,. Tonkin, who is also
president of the company, drove
some four hundred feet of tunnels
on the different leads on the property. Several veins were stripped
and their continuity proven over
considerable distances. The ores
met with are silver-lead, carrying
gold and copper in veins from two
to five feet in width and copper-
gold ores up to twenty-five feet in
width. The ores are of good
grade. A few men will continue
at work during the winter and a
small trial shipment of high-grade
ore will be made.
The Bush property on Salmon
River under bond to R. K. Neill,
maintained a force of men on development work all summer, which
will be continued throughout the
winter. Shipments of ore will go
forward when the road now under
construction is completed.
The Big Missouri property,
which consists of some fourteen
claims, has been bonded to the
Granby Co. The discovery of a
large body of good grade ore near
the Big Missouri was made late in
the summer. It was bonded by
Messrs. Martin and Carson, who
are operating a property near
Seven-Mile.
The Lakeview group of claims
on Glacier Creek was bonded early
in the summer by the Alice Arm
Mining & Development Co., Ltd.
Two hundred feet of cross-cut
tunnel were driven and the work
will be continued during the
winter.
The Prince John group of copper claims on the Bear River were
bonded by the Granby Company
in July. A large force of men
have been engaged in the erection
of mine buildings and other woqj
in connection with the installation
of diamond drilling outfits. The
drilling has now started and will
be continued- throughout the winter.
Some    prospecting    work    was
4��
4��
Float
D LOAT is not a periodic-
*���     al.    It is a book con
taining 86 illustrations all
told, and is filled with
sketches and stories of
western life. It tells how
a gambler cashed in after
the flush days of Sandon ;
how it rained in New Denver long after Noah was
dead; how a parson took a
drink at Bear Lake in
early days; bow justice
was dealt in Kaslo in '93;
how the saloon man out-
prayed the women in Kalamazoo, and graphically depicts the roamings of a
western editor among the
tender-feet in the cent belt.
It contains the early history
of Nelson and a romance
of the Silver King mine.
In it are printed three
western poems, and dozens *t*
of articles too numerous ��|��
to mention. Send for one ����>
before it is too late. The
price is 25 cents, postpaid to any part of the
world. Address all let-
el. ters to
*
ASSYABR
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box biio8. Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper
$1 each.. Gold-Silver, (single assay)
Ji.oo. Goid-Silver (duplicate assay)
fi.50. Silver-Lead $1.50 Silver-Lead-
Zinc ��3.00. Charges for oth^r metals etc
on application.
ooooooooooooooooooo-ooooooc
T.   THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
cki-��^C>OOOOOOOOC>000000<>0<>00 6
Mazda Tungsten Lamps
15 to 40 Watt Lamps���50c each.
60 Watt Lamps���75c each.
100 Watt Lamps���$L25 each.
NITROGEN
LAMPS
60 Watts
100     -
200   ��
$L25 each
2.00  ��
3.50 ��
STORAGE BATTERIES
CHARGED and REPAIRED
ELECTRIC
VULCANIZING
Greenwood City Waterworks Co.
EVERYTHING ELECTEICAL
J.  K.  CAMERON,
Leading Tailor of the Kootenays.
KASLO     BO.
MATTHEWS  BROS.
GRAND  FORKS
Agents for Chevrolet, Dodge, Hudson,
Chalmers, Cadillac cars, and Republic
truck motors Garage in connection.
R. T. Lowery %
GREENWOOD, B. O.     *
*��* v"T* *** *$^ *���* ��* *���* *v* *T* *T* "T* *T*
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations.
��*OAL mining rights of the Dominion
^> in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the
Province of British Columbia, may be
leased for a term of twenty-one years
renewable for a further term of 21 years
at an annual rental of _.i an acre. Not
more than 2,560 acres will be leased to
one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the Agent
or Sub-Agent of the district in which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded' il
the rights applied for are not available
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents Der ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent wtth sworn return*
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty
thereon: If the coal mining rights are
not being operated, such returns should
be furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
lights only.
For full information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,        -
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.  B.���- Unauthorized publication of
this advertisement will not be paid for.
British Columbia has been
here a long time so has
the B. C. Cigar. Absolutely Guaranteed. Cleat1
Havana Filled. The Cigar
that never varys.    .   ,   .
Haveyou tried one lately?
WILBERG&W0LTZ
B. C. CIGAR FACTORY
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C
FRED A. STARKEY,
NELSON, B.C.
MINING
BROKER
PROSPECTS   BOUGHT   AND    SOLD
The Enob Hill Hotel
PHOENIX.
One of the largest hotels In
the city.   Beautiful location,
fine rooms and tasty meals.
A. O. JOHNSON     -     PROP.
TULAMEEN HOTEL
Princeton, B. C, is the headquarters for miners, investors
and railroad men. A fine location and everything first-class
J. N. HUcPHERSON. Prosrletor
HOTEL PRINCETON
Princeton, B.C., now completed on the
site of the old Great Northern. Only
brick hotel in Similkameen. A first
class house,
Swanson & Broomfield, Props.
DR, a. milloy
DENTIST
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
Winter Excursion Rates
TO ALL STATIONS IN
ONTARIO -QUEBEC
THE  MARITIME   PROVINCES
ON     SALE
DECEMBER    1    TO    31-LIMIT    THREE    MONTHS
Extentlon of Limit on Additional Payment
FARES   FROM GREENwOOD
$107.80
Montreal and
common points
$102.80
Toronto and all Ontario
points west
CORRESPONDING RATES  APPLY  FROM  ALL  KOOTENAY POINTS
MIDWAY AND EAST-NAKUSP AND SOUTH
TICKETS AND BERTH RESERVATIONS FROM ANY AGENT OT WRITE
J. S. CARTER, District Passenger Aged, Kelson, B.C.
All   the
latest  methods  in  high-class
Dentistry.
LOO BUILDING
Corner Abbott & Hastings Streets.
VANCOUVER.   -   -   -   B.C.
ill Hi ��
CO., l/T'D.
leaves Mother Lode
9.30 a.m. 6;3bp;m.
Leaves Greenwood
2.00 p. m.
8.30 p. m.
Saturday last stage leaves Mother
Lode 6 p. tn_ Returning, leaves
Greenwood 10 p. m.
OFFICE-PACIFIC HOTEL
l������W��BWW_aiM_W^
PHONE  13
Stages
Twice
Auto    and   Horse
Leave    Greenwood
Daily to Meet Spokane and
Oroville Trains
Autos For Hire.   The Finest
Turnouts in the Boundary.
Light and Heavy Draying
Palace   Livery  And Stage
GREENWOOOD. B.C
GILLIS & ION, Proprietors.
THE TELEPHONE AND ITS HIGH COST OF LIVING
Materials used daily in tbe telephone business have increased In
price between August 1st, W14, nnd September 1917, as follows:
Glass insulators, 51 per cent.; Galvanized ground rods, 76 per cent.;
Lead-covered cable, 94 per cent.. Rubber-covered telephone wire, 41 per
Dry batteries. 70 per cent.; Telephone Instruments, Pole line hardware,
123 per ceat.: Tools 55 per cent.
These are merely a few items selected from a list of more than 600
articles of material used iu the telephone business, Nowhere on the entire list of materials used by the telephone company, is there an article
that has not inc.eased in price since the war began! Some material cannot be obtained at present, at an price! While all other materials and
commodities you use were going1 skyward In prices on account of the war
telephone: rates have stim. remained the same!
Have you ever considered the fact that, compared with the prices
yon are paying- everything else.
TELEPHONE SERVICE IS COMPARATIVELY CHEAPER TODAY
THAN ANYHING ELSE YOU USE.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY, Ltd.
Cbe fiume fiotel t
nelson, B*��.
*   ___
*   ���   ,      ..'��� ��� ���'=.
������ The only up/t<vdate Hotel in the interior!   First-class
4�� in every respect,
*  -
% CENTRALLY LOCATED
4�� Hot and Cold Water; Steam Heat and Telephone in
4��
each room,
ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATHS.
CUISINE .AND SERVICE THE BEST
First Class Bar and Barber Shop
15   SAMPLE ROOMS
Steam Heated; Electric Lighted.
RATES $1.00 per day and up; European Plan.
Bus Meets all Trains and Boats.
4*
gmmmmmmmm mmwmmm mmmmmmmmmmi
I For Good
& combined with Promptness |��
I are the features which go to 3
H makeup the Service we give If
H our customers.     Are you ||
H one of them?                        3
1 WE PRINT 1
yv ���            .    .           .                            . :                                                                        '                                   ZSl
��� Letterheads, Noteheads,       ��1
S_T (Ruled or Plain)                                                                     28
g Envelopes, Billheads,            ����
(AU Sires)
g Statements, Business Cards, H
g Posters, Dodgers, Etc., Etc. ||
| The Ledge       PHONE 29      j
H     GREENWOOD        Job Printing Department   H
Pai.i.um.u.ui.um.uuu uuuiuniuiiMUi uuuuuuui
' -nfilm

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