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The Ledge Jun 14, 1917

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THE  OLDEST  MINING  CAMP   NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Vol.   XXIII.
GREENWOOD, B. C, THURSDAY, JUNE 14,  1917.
LET US SHOW YOU THE
COMING FLOOR COVERING
CONGOLEIM
ART-RIGS
Made in Sizes Similar to Carpet Squares
We also have it in two yard widths, same as
Linoleum,   only at lower price   per yard.
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
New location���Russell-Law Caulfield Building
PHONE 28        X       GREENWOOD, B. C.
Windsor Hotel
x
x
t
X
t
THOROUGHLY   RENOVATED AND SPECIALLY
ADAPTED FOR COMMERCIAL TRADE
THE WINDSOR HOTEL is one of the oest furnished
hotels in the west. Ife is located in the heart of Greenwood and within easy reach of all the financial and
commercial institutions of the Copper Metropolis.
Heated with Steam and Lit by Electricity
Commodious sample rooms.   The bar is replete with
�� all modern beverages and the meals are the best. Rooms
v reset ved by telegraph.
\ -*.   ������-_.. ���'..- ...-  .-   _.'.-'
z
��fr + ����>����fr��_><M_-<^����^<.l.<��&<_W_~X'<^^^
!
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver,Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
TADANAC BRAND PIG LEAD, BLUESTONE, COPPER AND SPELTER
*&&&2��*S�����5��$S��&��&��&^^
I
P. BtfRNS & CO.
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Fish
and Poultry. Shops in nearly all.the
towns of the Boundary aud Kootenay.
COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B.C.
_j*^����S5��=>_^-__V^
msmmsmsmsmstsmstsmswsMmsmsmsmsmmsmasmaBmsmsiKmassKmsmssmsasmaBxm
j The Possibilities Of The Telephone
There is an excellent instance iu Vaucouver. of how a suburban drug merchant built up business by telephone. Two
morals adorn the tale. One, that such a possibility is open to
every shopkeeper; two, that with the telephone in the house
one never needs to travel, even as far as tlie corner store.
And the telephone is just as effective in reaching outside points,
No matter where you want to go, the telephone will take you.
No time wasted, no travelling expense.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY, Ltd
TouclTr Up
LUBRICATE
turn n��f_M_M__4___ai ^mm^n^^i^mmmm^mm
-FOR-
Paints, Oils, Greases,
Coal Oil, Gasoline,
Etc., Etc.,
BICYCLE SUPPLIES
FOR VALUES WE HAVE THEM
A. L. WHITE
FURNITURE  AND HARDWARE
iI-_.__3______._K_
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
MBNAIRD.
WAUCKft, C.V.O.. U-JD. D.CJ__, Pi*_-___ent~
H. V. F. JONES. A-n't General Manas, cr
CAPHAU15_08a.9M    RESERVE FUND, $13,500,000
BACKING BT MAIL
Accounts may be opened ateve^ bri_hch of The Canadian Bank
of Commerce to be operated by''t^B^':'9iid:'.\^[t&^e'.tiiei same
carefu__*attention as is given to all other departments of the Batik s
business. Money may be deposited or withdrawn in this way as
satisfactorily as by a personal visit to the Bank. =��3
SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
H. C_ LUCAS, Manager
FOR
EUUD
CAKES
<���<* PASTRY T^
William C. Arthurs
THE BREAD AND CAKE BAKER
Greenwood City Bakery
. McKEE
GREENWOOD
COAL AND WOOD
AGENT FOR
LETHBRIDGE COAL
Heavy Teaming
of all kinds
Christian Science service will be held
in the MEI/L'OR BLOCK on Sunday at il
a, in. All welcome. Every Wednesday
at S p. in., testimonial meetings will be
held in the same block. Sunday School
every Sunday morning.
WANTS. ETC.
Fok Sale.���Double light harness, farm implements, stove?,
Whipple trees, wagon jack and
various other articles. Apply to
Mrs. S. Oliver, Greenwood.
Fok Sai.r.���A first-class letterpress for $3. Apply at The
Ledge office.
Fok Sale.���A 10 horse power
stationary engine. Applv to A.
D. Morrison, Grand Forks.
Rooms to Rent.���Free baths &
modem conveniences. Swayne
House, Silver street.
To Printers ���A few cases,
rack and fonts of type for sale.
Ledge office.
Get a Kootenay Standard at
the O. K. Cigar Store.
An honest energetic man can
obtain employment with us, full
or spare time, by representing us
locally or travelling. Apply immediately? B. C Nurseries Co.
Ltd., l493-7th, Ave. W., Vancouver, B. C.
Pig's For Sale
Ten shoats from 3 to 5 months
old. 1 large Berkshire sow with
S small at foot. 2 sows coming
in at ]5th and 30th, July. 1 pure
bred boar (Poll. China) one year
old. Apply to N. Robinson,
Rock Creek.
Easily Acquired
"If you have never had any
military experience how did you
happen to get tho title of colonel?"
asked the inquisitive Btranger.
"Well, if you mnst know," replied the old fashioned gentleman,
"early in life I gave 85 to a colored he_ul waiter and I've been a
colonel ever since."
The British Columbia Nurseries Co., Ltd., of 1493 Seventh
Ave W.M Vancouver, B. C, are
offering a pretty Colored calendar
for the current month to all intending planters who ask for it
Eid'/.mention "The Ledge."
Last Saturday Finlay McLeod
bet Nelse Lemieux$5 that he
could cover the distance between
Phoenix and Greenwood land return in 90 minutes. He won the
b;_: with one minute -to spare.
Then Arkansas bet Nelse $10
that Mrs. James Marshall could
do it in less time. Mrs. Marshall made the round trip on foot
in less than SO minutes.
No.^f
j   Around Home
Chas. Dempsey is spending a
few days in town.
James Dimmick left for New
Deuver on Sunday.
A wagon road is needed from
Christina Lake to Paulson.
D. McKenzie is prospecting iu
the vicinity of Beaverdell.
W. Thompson is working at
the Bell mine, near Beaverdell.
Last Sunday, 26 ye^rs ago, the
first railway train arrived in
Nelson.
Mrs. J. H. Willcox is on a visit
to her brother Thos. Willcy, in
Hedley.
The S. K. Power Co. is building a new sub-station at the
Emma mine.
Frank Lathe, assayer of Grand
Forks, has gone to Chile to work
for tbe Guggs.
Victor Grove is moving his
undertaking business from Chesaw to Molson.
Mrs. James Sutherland has returned from Texas, much improved iu health.
Two Seattle mining engineers
are looking over some mining
propertv at Carmi.
Ben Haley had a leg broken
while running a wood-sawing
machine near Molson.
Mr. and Mrs, Theo. Biner and
daughter returned to Phoenix on
Tuesday    from   Seattle.
Oroville defeated Chesaw at
baseball at the latter place on
Sunday last by a score of 5 to 1.
Last Sunday, Hon. Wm. Sloan,
Minister of Mines, passed through
Greenwood on his way to Fernie.
Miss Ruth Anderson returned
on Tuesday from attending the
Sacred Heart Academy at Ward,
Wash.
Leslie Brown, a representative
of the Saturdav Night, Toronto,
was in town on Monday and
Tuesday.
D. L. McElroy received the
contract-for hauling" s. shipment
of ore from the Bell mine to
Beaverdell.
Up in Phoenix, Big Andy
Johnson is always pleased to see
friends and strangers at his well-
known hotel.
Sir George Bury, Grant Hall,
and F. VV. Peters passed through
Greenwood last week on a tour
of inspection.
James Sutherland came to town
last week from Beaverdell, where
he is prospecting the hills for
wealth producers.
James Drum is spending the
balance of this mouth in Vancouver. He will begin mining
again at Beaverdell next month.
The city is doing considerable
work, that is necessary, on the
Lynn creek pipe line, when finished the water supply will be in
good shape.
Send'one dollar to Walter G.
Kennedy, Trail, B.- C, and receive one of those famous John
Cotton pipes; two shapes, bent
and straight.
Sam Matthews and Frank
Peterson of Grand Forks, are
having the license from the
Great Northern transferred to the
Pacific hotel.
The auto speed, mania is rampant iu Grand Forks. Some of
the people in that beautiful town
are hardly normal in any other
kind of speed.
The sawmill of the Western
Pine Co. near Grand Fork?, bas
been moved to Lynch Creek where
it will be operated by Mark De-
Cew and B. Lequime.
The infant child of Mr. and
Mrs. Isaac Fillmore, of West-
bridge, died in the Sacred Heart
Hospital on Tuesday. Internment took place at Westbridge
on Wednesday.
A. C. Mesker should have four
bars on his coat, for he has been
running trains for 20 years in
B. C. During the past year he
has not missed a shift on the
Boundary express,
M. P. Wetherell, manager of
the Empress theatre, Grand
Forks, has accepted a position of
manager of the new Trail opera
house, aud will take up his new
duties about July I St.
In the police court At Penticton last week, two dogs were
tried for killing chickens, and
sentenced to death. Pity to
waste so much good sausage
meat these hard times.
"The "World's Great Snare"
featuring Pauline Frederick and
Irving Cummings makes an exceptionally strong programme at
the Star Theatre tonight. That
dainty little star, "Marguerite
Clark" in "Molly Make B.lieve"
will be the feature Saturday
night.
From Qualicum Beach
Military Hospital,
Qualicum Beach, V.I., B.C
June 7th, 1917.
Editor The Ledge
Sib:
Kindly publish this letter in your honorable paper.
To Tiie Citizens Ok Gkeenwood:
I feftl that it is my duty to
thank the citizens of Greenwood
for the whole-hearted and loyal
welcome I was given on my return from the far-flung battlefields
of Europe. I must say, that I enjoyed every minute of my stay and
was rather disappointed at not
been able to stay longer.
I wish to thank you one and all
for the kind aud sociable way I
was treated while visiting different
friends; also for the watch presented to me, which I shall always value as a token of friendship.
I should also like to thank you
all for the splendid send-off I was
given, it was without doubt the
proudest moment of my life.
Thanking you all. I remain
Your everlasting friend,
Pte. GEO. MARIO.
Western Float
a factory,
art in the
from
in
Foreign Labor
There has been considerable
comment of late on the amount of
foreign labor employed in the
mines of Northern Ontario, but we
fail to see any cause for complaint,
unless it should be considered good
policy to prohibit such labor, shut
down the mines and stop at its
fountain head the main source of
wealth production. The labor situation is not confined to the mines
of Canada. The same conditions
holds good in the mines of the
United States, and if it were not
for the supply of foreign labor the
mineral industry would be unable
to continue, let alone extend the
development for which there is
such an active demand, .-.peaking
at the Mining and Metallurgical
.Society meeting at New Ybrk, S.
J. Jennings, who is connected
with the Franklin Mining, Rhode
Island Copper and Tenessee Copper company, said: "The mining
of ore in the United States is done
almoBt entirely by foreigners. In
the mines with which I am connected, 27 different nationallies
are represented." The reason is
not far to seek. Britishers, Canadians and Americans are not satisfied to work as common laborers,
but demand and obtain the positions involving the control and
direction of such, so that the mines
have to fall back on such labor as
offers or shut down.
Small Mines Give Increase
In an interview with an official
of the Miners' Union, the Northern Miner learned, it was claimed,
that some small Porcupine mines
had given increase to tbe wage
scale demanded and that one of
the large mines in that camp
had raised the wages of muckers
twenty-five cents a day to 83. In
the same mine a slight increase
was also reported as having been
given to machine helpers. While
the increase given by the large
mine did not meet the demands
of the union it is considered by the
union official to be a step in the
right direction.
No replies to the demands of
Cobalt mine operators have been
received by the union.
Asked whether or not the union
would apply for a Royal Commission the Union official stated that
it was always considered good policy to refer back such a move to
the men and it was likely that a
ballot would be taken before application was made.
The impression seems to be
growing that the labor situation
has passed a crisis and that a
Royal Coi-Wnission will not be applied for.
The increase given by some Por-
'cupine mines puts tbe scale of
j wages for that class of labor ou a
1 par with what Cobalt miners were
| receiving when the second bonus
1 wa? given.
are
Wyndel aow has a }<,
Poker is almost a lobt
Slocan.
Bees   are being exported
Creston.
Cranbrook  will   hold  a  fair
September.
The curfew bell i3 ringing~again
in Chilliwack.
C. II. Irwin has opened a dental
office in,Golden.
Tho movies work on Sunday iii
Chesaw, with a matinee.
Plums and poaches will be a
goodrcrop'around Creston.
Save that crust] of bread! You
might need it next winter.
There are 489 autos in'the Okanagan, aud G3 mofcor-cycles.
Just" 20 years ago the mining
craze died out in-Chilliwack.
Large quantities of lettuce
being shipped from Erickson.
The names of over 1,000 womeu
are on the voters~list at Fernie.
Alice Sidiug will have a heavy
crop'Jof strawberries this month.
The B. C. Telephone Co. is
building a new office at Mission
City.
A large unmber of returned
soldiers arrived iu Vancouver last
week
J. C. Bolander is becoming the
historian of New Denver and the
Slocan.
Upon a score of economy two
fire halls have been closed iu Vaucouver.
The Home Bakery at Fernie has
suspended operations'until the war
is over.
Early in May, Sergeant S. A.
Love of Chilliwack, was killed iu
France.
There promises to be an immense apple crop in the Okanagan
this year.
The world seems to be slowly
slipping back to an era of refined
barbarism.
In the United States the bees
make $6,000,000 worth of wax and
honey a year.
When a hen begins eating tacks,
she probably has some notion of
laying a carpet.
Recently in' one day,r_23 boxes
of rhubarb, were ^'shipped from
Creston to Lethbridge.
Stanley Reid wasikillecPat Vimy
Ridge. Before enlisting he was a
trapper in East Kootenay.
S. Fader of Armstrongflclaims to
have discovered a cure for cancer.
If so he can make millions.
The C. N. R. car shops at Port
Mann are completed and should
soon be making freight cars.
Hardly an editor iu B. C. owns
an auto. Most of them do not
make enongh to buy gasoline.
Pure bred cattle are being'ship-
ped from Manitoba to the Okanagan.    Some of the cows cost $300.
Near Ka9lo several Austrians
quit working for the C.P.R., because Chinks were employed on
the work train gang.
Francis Gott, of
years old. He has
from France after
months at the front
sniper.
More than half a million dollars
has been.raised by the Royal S. P.
C. A. London. England, for the
care of sick and wounded war
horses.
As Roy Geer or Oyarna was dying on a battle field in France he
said to his brother. '���Ollie, don't
forget to read the Bible, it pure if
sweet!"
George Bart ley in now editing
the Weekly Courier. George is
one of the leading humorists of the
west, and will miss a drink at any
time totel! a good joke.
It is against the law iu Ki'lowna
to drown dogs in the lake. These
times dogs should not be drowned
anywhere. The butchers might
need them before the cruel war is
over.
The Westbank Indians are offering to help out the farmers in the
Okanagan this summer, by working for low and suitable wages.
The redskins do not belong to any
labor unions.
As accurate reports as can be
obtained give the average working
life of horses in onr large cities ��s
less than six years. Nothing
wears them out faster than pur
smooth pavements.
Shepherds in Scotland have
adopted the. method of feeding
Iambs with whiskey and hot milk.
The lambs are being carried from
the hill aides to shelters, and fed
by hand. Not for fifty years has
the mortality among lamb? been
so great. Shepherd* are out on
the hill? day and.nijrht trying to
save the lamb,- of their flocks.
Many titled land proprietors are
acting as shepherds.
C. Mines
A  talc  mine is being worked at
Reardan, Wash.
Italy is abort of coal.    It does
not stand alone in this respect.
Al Hagelberg is
Copper King near
lease.
working   the
Olalla   under
A small shipment of
cently been made from
district.
ore has ro-
the Sooko
Lillooet, is G3
just returned
serving many
as a scout and
nfe  Mount
and ship
Tho Ladysmith smelter will
treat 700 tons of ore daily, principally copper.
The abandoned mine
Sicker will be re-open
ore to Ladysmith.
An ore shoot has been found in
the lower tunnel of the Hudson
Bay. near Salmo.
The Victor-Silver Leaf group,
eight miles from Fort Steel will
begin shipping this month.
It is expected to uncover another
vein of ore, by ground sluicing on
the Capella, near New Denver.
Iu the Olalla camp the coal
strike has caused the Dolphin and
Horn Silver to cease operations.
New York capital has taken over
tlie Ikeda mines on Morsby Island.
W. G. Morrie is consulting
engineer.
More work has been done on the
Molly Hughes near New Denver
this spring, and this mine is now
iu better shape than ever before.
The Gold Cure group near Kaslo
will he worked by a Spokane syndicate. A. G. Copeland is man*
ager. Some years ago George Cole
shipped 'two carloads of ore from
the Gold Cure.
Several diamond drill holes are
being sunk on the Lucky Mike,
on the divide between Nicola and
Mammetta lakes. The result of
the drilling is awaited with interest by mining men around Merritt.
The Tenderfoot group near
Kamloops has been bonded to Edmonton men. There is considerable copper ore on the dump and
shipping will begin this month.
V tram, 2500 feet will be built.
R. W. Gibbs, formerly of Rossland
is manager.
Because of threatened labor
shortage the Colorado Metal Mining association has asked the Spokane Chambers of Commerce to
use it? influence with congress to
suspend all assessment work on
unpatented mining claims during
the war and for six months after
the war ceases.
No one knows the exact date of
the first gold discovery in British
Columbia, except that it was sometime during the middle fifties.
The great Fraser strike in 1857
aud the subsequent stampede to
the Fraser and the Thompson in
1S~)S marked the commencement
of the settlement of the interior,
and brought about the advancement of British Columbia into a
Crown colony. This was the first
of the great gold strikes in the
province, and, occuriug at a time
when the yield from shallow diggings in California was on tho
wane, stimulating an exodus of the
"forty-niners," who flocked in
thousands to the now Eldorado.
The Fraser strike was followed by
stampedes to the Cariboo in'1801,
to the Big Bend country during
1S65 and ISl.G, and to the headwaters of the Peace river, iu Omineca," during "the three years following. Thiberfe Creek entered
the field in 1873: it was the fifth of
the series of strike? that followed
oaeh other so rapidly. There have
been other gold finds since then,
notably in Kootenay and the Similkameen, but the stampede to
Atlin Lake during TS9S, following
close upon the heels Of the great
Klondike rush in 1S97. was the
only one entitled to rank among
the old timers.
His Mistake
"Are those eggs fresh?"
"Yes. miss. They wouldn't
bare been laid till tomorrow if I
hadn'fe htjade. a mistake and torn
an extra leaf off the calendar."' ���
Ideas. THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
��-> a yc.T- ... Cn!.nil:i,   and   $2.50   in   the
United Stales.
R. T. LOYVERY.
Editor and Financier
ADVERTISING RATES
Di.liiKiiHMil   Co-Owner Notices ��25.00
Coal o'.iii .Oil  Notices     6.00
Api'li'-ilion Liquor Licenses        5.00
T-'.rsfev Liquor Licenses      7-5��
TJrt.r_.y Notices 3-����
Crnls of Thanks     i-����
Ceriii'ica!.- of Improvement  10.00
(\Y__<-re --lore than one claim ap-
vc-"ivs ir s-oliee, ��2.50 for each ad-
'Vlional claim )
/���J! other legal advcrtisin.tj, 12 cents a
li"': l.v.'t i'.is.-rtio:., and S cents a line for
:_.__-!_    s'.i:-sei|iHnt    insertion,     nonpariel
f! -'IM! 1 !���_!_ _.']: t.
The hhie cross n:eaus thai
vmir sul'scription is due, and
:l\.ii the editor would be pleased
'.<��� l.;'.ve more money.
i 111- (���'!
ill   1 ii_M.   1;
i'i:i.
���fi:
���-;.," (.1
will be might-
.-n\U
tlii'-iv has been consider-
;." .;_ Franc's
should make them obey at any
cost. Respect for authority is best
instilled while the mind is young
and in the making.
"I believe in compulsory military training for the reason: Good
citizens, useful citizens, have the
utmost respect for authority. I
venture to say that if we had universal military service in this country, inside of five years there would
not be a single man who would
vote to abandon it.
"We havo too much luxury in
this country. It is sapping our
national life. Automobiles have
killed more than 50,000 of our people and permanently crippled 250,-
000. There are too many machines; we ought to walk more;
every man should walk at least
ten miles every day. Cigarets are
the greatest curse of the world, and
are ruining more young men and
women than all the rum. They
kill the nerves. R our legislators
were to give a little moro attention
lo cigarets and less to rum they
would confer a blessing on humanity."���Washington Post.
Milk Is A Natural Food
Horse Saves Soldier
Tnk ban!, draft  is   not the only
trouble maker in Canada.
1    v
-i .
.   It -1
-si a
the   Czar
has retired
iYor
l   1,!1. '
UK Li
n ess
d-re
, but he is
not broke.
T
would lik
> to have a
few-
move
ads
but does
lot wish to
bay
them
���
8ii.ee the Japan current jumped
its tiolley, the weather has been
too cool in I>. C.
What shall it profit a man if he
gains .-he whole world, and cannot buy any potatoes?
The onion and potato have not
yet been knighted, although they
have been P. D. H. for many
moons.
Last week in France the orange
aud green lovingly mingled, while
in Washington the blue aud gray
were ami'lgamated in love and
friendship. War makes strange
companions.
Y.~n..x it comes to'job'.printing
and advertising, the government of
Canada.doe�� not need to advocate
economy.. The patriots of the
- press are brooming fewer every
day, and. yet without newspapers
this would be a slow world.
Tlie  cow  is  increasing in value
and     numbers     iu   our   country.
People are beginning to realize
the fact that as food producing
animals the cow ranks first, the
hog second, poultry third, and
steer and sheep last of all. Milk
is a natural food. It has been
found by specialists of our federal
department of agriculture that in
energy giving power one quart of
milk is equal to 11 ounces of sirloin steak, or 8.4 pounds of round
steak, or Si eggs, or 10.7 ounces
of fowl. These figures, show that
milk ot 10 cents a quart would be
cheaper food that lean meat at 20
cents a pouud
sell at 15 cents
still be a cheap source of energy
compared with sirloin steak and
eggs. When we consider the digestibility of the foods, it will
readily be conceded that milk
ranks first.
A French soldier, Private Ambrose Perrichon, owes his life to a
German circus horse, which picked
him up when he was lying on the
field of battle and carried him into
the French lines, says a correspondent in the Horse-shOer's Journal.
Both the soldier'8 legs were shattered by a German quick-firer. When
night came on he heard near the
heavy breathing of a great white
horse, which munched the short
grass. The animal was . riderless,
and he whistled to it and began to
clap it kindly. The horse whinnied with pleasure. Perrichon
was powerlesB to makcthe slightest
effort on his own behalf. The
animal seemed to understand, for
it fell on its knees beside him,
held its head over his breast, and
remained motionless. Then It got
up and walked around the soldier.
At last it stopped, sniffed the
wounded man all over, and then,
seizing his leather waistbelt in its
teeth, it lifted him from the ground
and galloped off. When the horse
stopped in the advance French
lines at daybreak its human burden was little more than a wreck.
But tender care has Bince brought
him round and he is now convalescent. Perrichon's sergeant, who
knows a lot abont horses, says the
animal which saved his life was
before the war in a German circus,
where ife performed in the panto-
mine known as "The Arab and
His Faithful Steed."
Quite Possible
Universal horror has been
aroused by revelations in the Daily
Mail of tbe German admission
that factories are run for extracting
oils, fat and pig food from the bodies of the German private soldiers
killed in battle.
POWER PLANT FOR SALE
Even  should   it
a  quart, it  would
France's Relative  Decline
Thi. present Provincial government reminds us of some village
merchants. It seldom puts an ad
in Ihe local papers. When properly executed, advertising is just
aa valuable to a government, as it
is, to private individuals in search
of business.
Worse Than Rum
In 1S00 there were 26 million
Frenchmen in Europe numbering
98 millions. In 1900 there were
38 millions in a, total of M.3 millions. In other words, France
contribution to the population of
Europe had sunk in a century from
2G per cent, to 11 per cent.
Iu the forty-four years between
France's two wars with Germany,
the population of her enemy increased by 25 millions, while
France added a meagre three millions to her own. Up to 1350
France was the largest nation in
Europe. She occupies now the
sixth or seventh rank. The war
would have been at an end long
ago if France had on August 1,
1914, a population of Go or 70 millions, as she would have had if her
birthrate had kept pace with that
of Germany sinee 1870, when both
nations were numerically abont
equal.
Mail Only Once in Ten Years
The announcement that the
British Post Office propose to dis-
pateh a mail to Tristan d'Acunha
has caused considerable interest,
for it is ten years since a mail was
sent from this country. "The
mail will be sent out to Sonth
Georgia by a whaler, and from
there will be sent on to Tristan
d'Acunha by a sailing ship," a
Post Office official says, "I don't
suppose the people there have the
slightest knowledge of the great
war. We understand that a company is about to exploit the island,
am) we hope that it will be possible in the future to send mails
about Once or twice a year." The
island lies midway between Sonth
America and the Cape of Good
Hope, aud ten years ago the population was seventy-five.
Aid Mining Industry
"It is time the Dominion Department of ��� Mines undertook the
establishment of mine experiment
stations: in the various provinces
and in the Yukon to promote the
mining industry," says the Mining and Engineering Record.
The Dominion Government spends
vast rurns in experimental farms
throughout the Dominion. Experimental mine stations are relatively as important feo the development of the mineral wealth of
Canada as are aids to agriculture,
to   train   his  boys,   and he' forestry and the fisheries.
Without Decay 13 Centuries
A red cedar log, which had laid
prone on the ground for over 1,300
years, and was still sound enough
to make shingles, was recently
found in a forest in the State of
Washington. The age of the log
was determined by the fact that
the tree was growing, with roots
astride the log, that showed 1,380
annual rings, each ring corresponding to a year's growth. The
log was there before the tree
sprouted, for the seed which produced the tree evidently germinated on top of tbe log and sent
roots down both sides into the
soil. The log may havo been on
the ground for a great deal more
than 1.380 years, but it had been
there that long at least. The birth
of the tree from which the fallen
log was taken ante-dated the birth
of Christ and its fall occurred
nearly five* centuries before Columbus discovered America.
"We are increasing at a startling rate the number of worthless
young men in the country. Luxurious idleness is sappiDg our
national life. Mothers should
never try to raise their sons; this
should be the fathers sacred obligation."" Cigarets are killing more
men and women than all the rum."
These were some of tbe staccato
. observations of Muldoon, former
.���iiauipion wiestler of the world,
now a lemaker of men and re-
.' torer of frazled nerves.. Mr.
Muldoon is a delegate from New
Torh to the congress of the
'.National .Security league in session
at the WiHanl, At 72 he is strong
and active. .'lust for a little recreation lie walked .12 miles about
Washington before' luncheon, trying to iiud the spot where his old
legiment, the Sixth New York,
was ent'a.nped in 18(54. Mr. Muldoon was drill sergeant of his company, and it was in that capacity
iie learned; the importance of rigid
discipline. A bachelor, Mr. Muldoon nevertheless haB had wide
opportunity to study youth, and
has seen the direful results of indulging boys.
"Our boys have no respect for
authority,.'' declared Mr. Muldoon.
"Lack of obedience is growing
every da}-, and We are deteriorating as a race. Obedience should
be he most saend word-iu the
language, but indulgent mother?
_��re teachirg  their sons obedience.
No mother should ever attempt
to rai=e a son: her task thould be
rearing the girls, with the husband
standing back of her to force her
commands. The father of a family ought to consider it his sacred
nut
r 35 h. P. Witte gas engine.
i 8xio Sullivan compressor.
I large Sullivan air receiver,
r Sullivan auxilliary air receiver.
I 300-gal. water cooler.
1 gas tank
1 water tank
2 iron barrels,  each  220   gal-capacity
for distillate.
1 complete belt hoist
1 24-inch, shive wheel
800 feet 5-8 wire cable,
600 feet T rail
35o feet 2-inch pipe
100 feet rubber hose
2 Sullivan drill heads, complete with
30 drills.
(All iu good condition.)
1 TON PER HOUR CONCENTRATOR
25 h.p. steam engine.
40        boiler
60        heater
Boiler pump
Cameron force pump; 3-inch suction,
2-inch discharge
1 hand pump for filling boiler
60 toot smoke stack, 26-inch
30 feet 3-inch exhaust pipe
Large Blake crusher, 6 tons per hour
capacity
Large Blake rolls
Finishing rolls
2 sets screens
2 Frovanner tables
Classifier and regulator,   with register.
Automatic ore feed
2,000-gal. cedar water tank
400-feet 2 inch pipe
100 feet i-inch pipe
Cup elevator
Complete system shafts and pulleys.
Enquire of
J. P. BLAINE,
Chesaw, Wash.
WESTERN - - HOTELS.
TULAMEEN BOTEL
Princeton, B. C. is the headquarters for miners, investors
and railroad men. A fine location and everything first-class
J. N. MacPHERSON. Proprietor
HOTEL PRINCETON
Princeton, B.C., now completed on the
site of the old Great Northern. Only
brick hotel in Similkameen. A first
class house,
Swanson & Broomfield. Props.
RIVERSIDE HOTEL
Rock Creek, B. C. This is one of
the oldest hotel? in the Kettle Valley. Excellent accommodation for
all travellers.
S. T. LARSEN. Proprietor.
Mazda Tungsten Lamps
15 to 40 Watt Lamps���50c each.
60 Watt Lamps���60c each.
100 Watt Lamps���$1.00 each.
m ���g en ~
LAMPS
60 Vatts
100    ������
200   " .
$125 each
1.50 ����
3.00 ��
STORAGE BATTERIES
CHARGED and REPAIRED
ELECTRIC
VULCANIZING
Greenwood City Waterworks Co*
EVERYTHING ELECTRICAL
Douglas Channel
Mining men were much interest
ed the other day in the' news of a
big strike which has been made on
the Drum Lummon properties on
Douglas Channel, twenty-five miles
from Hartley Bay. Samples of
the ore were taken to Vancouver
last week by the 8. 8. Venture.
They are declared by mining men
to show the highest values in copper of any ores yet mined in British Columbia, the assays running
over $500 in copper, silver and
gold, the copper showing $460.60
per ton, and carrying" in addition
to a trace of gold, sixty-six ounces
of silver to the ton. The ore is
similar to that found at Bisbee,
Arizona,  and  Kennecott, Alaska.
LAND REGISTRY ACT
(Notice under Section 36.)
TAKE NOTICE that au application has
been made to register Michael Henry Kane of
Phoenix. B. C, as the owner in Fee-simple,
under a Tax Sale Deed from the Collector of
the Rossland Assessment District, to Michael
Henry Kane, bearing- date the 30th day of September. A. D. 1912, in pursuance of a Tax Sale
held by said Collector ou or'about the 7th day
of November, 1910, of all aud singular certain
parcel or tract of land and premises situate,
lying, aad being in the Province of British
Columbia, more particularly known and described as:���Lot 1287, '-Blue Jay" Miueral
Claim, Similkameen Division, Yale District.
You and those claiming through or under
you, and all persons claimiug any interest in
the said land by descent whose title is not registered under the provisions of the "Land Registry Act" ate required to contest the claim of
the tax purchaser within fotty-five days of the
service of this notice upon you. Otherwise you
and each of you will be forever estopped and
debarred from setting up any claim to of in respect of the said land, and I shall register the
said Michael Henry Kane as owner iu fee.
Your attention is called to section 36 of the
"Land Registry Act" and amendments, and
especially to the following extract therefrom
which relates to the above notice:���
"And in default of a covet or certiiicate of
lis pendens being filed before the registration
as owner of the persons entitled under such tax
sale, all persons so served with notice, or servckl
with notice under subsection iGJ.of section 155
of the "Municipal Clauses Act, 1906," or Section
293 of the "Municipal Act," or section 139 of the
"Assessment Act, 1903," or section 253 of the
"Taxation Act," iu cases in which notice under
this Act is dispensed with as hereinafter provided, and those clain_ing through or under
them, and all persons claiming any interest in
the land by virtue of an unregistered Instrument, and all persons claiming any Interest in
the land by descent whose title is not registered
under the provisions of this Act, shall be forever estopped and debarred from setting up
any claim to or in respect of the land so sold
for taxes."
Dated at the Land Registry Office, at the
City of Kamloops, Province of British Columbia, this 9th day of May, A. D. 1917.
C. H. DUNBAR,
District Registrar.
To   JOHN W. NELSON,
M. J. PRICE,
EVAN PARRY.
The Knob Hill Hotel
PHOENIX.
One of the largest hotels in
the city.   Beautiful location,
fine rooms and tasty meala.
A. O. JOHNSON      -     PROP.
ASSAYER
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box biio8, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper
fi each. Gold-Silver, (single assay)
$100, Goid-Silver (duplicate assay)
J1.50. Silver-Lead J.1.50 Silver-Lead-
Zinc $3.00. Charges for otlur tnetals etc
on application.
He Did Not Start It
A. weekly paper editor, who had
juBfe raised the price of his paper
had the following to say to a
grumbling patron:
"You may be of the opinion that
the paper is not worth $2.00.
Neither is a gallon of gasoline
worth 40c. nor 10 pounds of sugar
worth $1.00, nor a pound of veal
worth 30c, nor a bushel of wheat
worth 82.00, but these are tbe
prices people are paying. Potatoes
are retailed at $2.50 a bushel, and
'sow bosom' at 25c. a pound. So
don't get mad at us. Goodness
knows we didn't start that fuss in
Europe."
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations.
C*OA"L mining rights ol the Dominion
v"> in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the
Province of British Columbia, may be
leased for a term of twenty-one' years
renewal for a further term of 21 years
at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more titan 2,560 acres will be leased to
one applicant.
Application for it lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the Agent
or Sub-Agent of the district in which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Bach application must be accompanied
by a fee of $s which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents ��er ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent wtth Sworn" returns
accounting for uie full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty
thereon: If the coal mining rights are
not being operated, such returns should
be furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the'coal mining
rights only, rescinded by Chap. 27 of 4-5
George V. assented to 12th June, t914,
For full information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands,
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.  B.��� Unauthorized publication oi
this advertisement will not be paid for.���
83575-
Died���One'Large Hen, in the
second year Of its age. Inqulsi-
tiveness over the contents of a
neighbor's garden brought the deceased to a violent and sudden end,
through the medium of a large
lump of coal, thrown by a masculine hand. The late Mrs.' Hen is
survived by a husband and large
family of feathered relations. She
was an active member of the lay -
ing community, and her death will
be deeply regretted by the middleman.���Er.
British Columbia has been
here a long time so has
the B. G. Cigar.    Abso-
���___a________________l_________^__________________i__>_i
lately Guaranteed Clear
Havana Filled. The Cigar
that never varys.    .   -   .
a-^____________________^i__i____________B^____>__^___i
Haveyou tried one lately?
___w___^1___u____a____t______________________________
WILBERG&WOLTZ
B. C. CIGAR FACTORY
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C
Norden Hotel
GREENWOOD
This hotel is under
new management, and I
will be pleased to see all
its old patrons, and as
many new ones as possible. Prompt and efficient service guaranteed.
Lunch counter and dining room in connection.
GEORGE   LAMB
ill IE STAGE
CO., LTD.
Leaves Mother Lode
9.30 a.m.   ���      6.30 p.m.
Leaves Greenwood
2,oo p. m.
8.30 p. tn.
Saturday last stage leaves Mother
Lode 6 p. m. Returning, leaves
Greenwood 10 p. m.
OFFICE-PACIFIC HOTEL
g_fi_rariB��as����g^^
^���^ ^W* H__i   ^___r TB_r M---P t__P T___r ^wkx ^mP ^__P ^__P ^_P
PHONE  13
Stages
Twice
Auto    and   Horse
leave    Greenwood
Daily to Meet Spokane and
Oroville Trains
Autos For Hire.   The Finest
Turnouts in the Boundary.
Light and Heavy Draying
Palace   Liver;   And  Stage
GREEHWOOOD. B.C
F. C. BUCKLESS, Proprietor.
*
4*
4��
4��
-���������
E LOAT is not a periodic- T
*    al.   It is a book con- 4*
taining 86 illustrations all
told, and is filled with
sketches and stories of
western life. Ife tells how
a gambler cashed in after
the flush days of Sandon ;
how it rained in New Den- 4*
ver long after Noah was
dead; how a parson took a
drink at Bear Lake in
early days; how justice
was dealt in Easlo in '93;
how the saloon man out-
prayed the women in Kalamazoo, and graphically deplete the roamings of a
western editor among the
tender-feet in the cent belt.
It contains the early history
of Nelson and a romance
4�� of the Silver King mine.
ju In it are printed three
^j. western poems, and dozens X
j�� of articles too numerous T
41 to mention. Send for one
4* before it is too late. The
4�� price is 25 cents, post-
At paid to any part of   the
* R. Te Lowety %
M*
mm
Place your order now for
PLOWS, HARROWS, BINDERS,
MOWERS and RAKES.
pp.���.t-<i feu- (McGormlck, Deerlng, Champion or
repairs ror , pa|n ^^ Mach|nefyt	
Robert A, Brown j wi�����y, b. g. and
CASH  PAID   FOR  HIDES
<c4��4*4����� ��$��*fr��&��� *$��4"4,4'4�� ^4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*���&*���!*4*1;
4"
Cbe Rtime Rote)
Blefsoti, B.C.
The only up'to'date Hotel in the interior,
in every respect.
First-class
CENTRALLY LOCATED
Hot and Cold Water; Steam Heat and Telephone in
each room.
ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATHS.
CQISINE AND SERVICE THE BEST
First Class Bar and Barber Shop
15 FREE SAMPLE ROOMS
Steam Heated; Electric lighted.
RATES S1.00 per day and up; European Plan.
Bus Meets all Trains and Boats.
_&^^_^ ��$..$..$..$. .3*4. ��$,.$. ��$���_!__ ,{..$__ *f* ���1*4*4* 4* 4* 4*4* 4* ^
4-
4-
4-
4��
4*
4-
4*
LUMBER FOR SALE
Flooring,   Shiplap,   Rustic, Cashing, Dimension, and all kinds
of lumber.
MARK CHRISTENSEN & CO.
BOUNDARY FALLS
DR. A.MILLOY
DENTIST
All   the
latest   methods
Dentistry.
in   high-class
LOO BUILDING
Corner Abbott & Hastings Streets.
VANCOUVER,   -   -   -   B.C.
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
9 T.   THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
004HOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
FRED A. STARKEY,
NEI/SON.B.C.
MINING
BROKER
PROSPECTS   BOUGHT   AND    SOLD
J. R. CAMERON,
Leading Tailor of the Kootenays.
KASLO      B.C
I
world,
tere to
Address   all   let-
4*
4*
*
4-
4-
*
4-
4-
*
* ���" *
4>     GREENWOOD, B. C.     4��
* 4��
4*4^4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4*
For Good
Job Printing
���Economy and Satisfaction
combined with Promptness
are the features which go to
make up the Service we give
our customers. Are you
one of them?
WEPRINT
Letterheads, Notehe^d^>
(Ruled or Plain)
Envelopes, Billhe&cife^
(All Sizes)
Statements, Busine^Ctfrds,
Posters, Dodgers, Etc., Ete.
>���������
I
The Ledge
GREENWOOD
PHONE 2ff
Job Printing Department
r

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