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The Ledge May 20, 1915

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 THE xOLDEST  MINING  CAMP  NEWSPAPER  IN  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
Vol.   XXI.
GREENWOOD, B..C.. THURSDAY, MAY 20,   1915
No. 45
Greenwood's   Big  Furniture  Store
See Our New Spring
Linoleums, Carpets, Squares,
and Various Small Rugs
Special Discount For Cash
T. M. GTJLLEY & Co.
GREENWOOD, B. C. Phone 27
Opposite Postoffice.
l_E__S-6_-_8-E_S-Efil
r
WALTER   G.   KENNEDY
GREENWOOD,   B.  C.
WHOLESALE   AND   RETAIL
TOBACCOS, CIGARS, CONFECTIONERY, STATIONERY
A Full Stock of First Class Pipes.        Pipe Repairs
Specialty.
Screen Doors, Screen
Wire Cloth. Poultry
Netting, and Staples.
Nails, Locks, Hinges,
Etc.
A. L. WHITE
New and Second Hand Store
Take home some of our tea and coffee, Back
your wagon up to our front door and have it loaded
with hams, sugar.flour, and any other kind of pre
visions that you need at your city residence, or
down on the ranch, Do not forget to look at our
Dry Goods. Boots, Shoes, etc.
Always Ready For
ORDERS
William C. Arthurs
THE   BREAD &  CAKE  BAKER
Vienna Bakery. Greenwood
^'        ~     ��� "  '���"   '  "^
Around Home
CITY COUNCIL
JAS. G. McMYNN. MIDWAY, B. C.
The Latest in Ladies Misses
and Childrens'Plats
Ribbons, Flowers and
inery Novelties
Mill-
W.Elson&Co
����5H5S35_*S5_He^5_*^
IV Ira
BURNS & CO.
Dealers in Fresh and.Salt Meats, Pish
and Poultry.     Shops in nearly all the
s      * towns of the Boundary and Kootenay.
COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B.C.
JLJR -
i
I
I
V
I
*S^S=��SS__>i=_&^^;^^
__. ______R__t__________|
7.
Nearly All Our Goods Will
Be Sold For Half Price For
the Next Thirty Days
Copper St.
i ma i j mi? wwe
| First Class Work and
*"     Prompt Attention
I     Prices Reasonable
x
$ E. A. Black, Phoenix
X
| W. G. Kennedy, Agent
1       Greenwood |
I Greenwood Liquor Company, Importers, Greenwood, B. ���.
BANK-0FM0NTREAL
Star Theatre
Friday, May   21st
Pathe's British War Weekly
Fates Protecting Arm
Dramatic
Teaching Father a Lesson
Comedy Drama
ESTABLISHED 1817
BOARD   OF  DIRECTORS:        ���
H. V. MEREDITH. Em.. Vimi&nl,
ft. B. Asgvn, E*<_. E. B. GrcenUddf, Etq.
Sir William Mac joatld. H-i. RabL Mackay.
SirTlio��.S-_aaihne��iT.-C.C.V.O. C. R. Heraur, E_��.
A. Banmtarten, Esq. C. B. Gonloa, Ex..
H. R'. Draj-unond, Eaq. D. F.rbts Ansa., Ex..
Wm. McMaittr, Eaq,
SirFred-rickWiBUm-T-jlor, CentralMia iter.
Capital Paid up' '- ������'-���'���- $16,000,000.
Rest '--���    .      -16,000,000.
Undivided Profit.    - ru'   1&32JB69.
Total A��tet.(Oct.l914) 259,481.663.
Bankers in Canada and London, Eng., for
Domiriioii ' ;Goyernment. Branches
established throughout Canada and New-
fottndlatid; also in I^ndoii, Eng.; New
Vo-rlc.^ Chicago and Spokane.
E. E. Li I>ew4iiey^ ^I^eui^s^*; Greenwood Branch.
A KOREAN DANCE
Comedy
Broncho Billy and the Sheriff
Western
LILLIAN  WALKER
���IN���
Fannle's Melodrama
But it's aConiedy
SIX "BIG REELS IN Atl, SIX
Doors open 7145. Performance at 8 sharp
Prices     Children    15c.    Adults   25c.
THE CANADIAN BANK
W COMMERCE
Christian Science service: will
be held in tbe Oddfellows Hall on
Sunday.at 11 a.in, All welcome.
On the the third Friday of each
month at 8 p. in. testimonial
meetings will be held in the
same hall. Sunday school every
Sunday morning.
WANTS. Etc
SIR EDMUND WALKER, CV.O.
ALEXANDER LAIBD. General Manager
, LL. IX, D.CJL, President
JOHN AIRD, Aaa't General Manager
CAPITAL $15,000,000    RESERVE FUNO, $13,500,000
FARMERS' BUSINESS
: The (Radian Bank of CoaaSeice extends to Farmers every
facility for the transaction of their banking business, including
the discount and collection of sales notes,
are supplied free of charge on application.
SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT
A, H. MARCON, Manager,
Blank sales notes
S25
For SAi.fi:.���New farm wagons.
3, 3j_( and 2>% inch. Made in
Canada.   At Kinneys.
Bulls For Sale.���I have five
or six Hereford and Shorthorns
to dispose of. prices right. John
R. Jackson, Midway,
Eggs For Setting,���Barred
Tiock and S. C. White Leghorn,
$3.00 per 15 eggs. From stock
bred for laying. A. F. fi. Meyer.
Wanted.���A male cook de*
sires a situation. Competent
bread, meat and pastry cook.
Sober and reliable. Address,
Chef. Ledge office, Greenwood.
���&��4i5��4i3��4&&��&5��45��4Zr
Chas. Birce returned to town
last week.
War has not yet been declared
in Phoenix.
Jim Summers is paying a visit
to Princeton.
Bryan Williams was in Greenwood last week.
Lloyd Hunter, of Vancouver,
spent Sunday in the city.
Charles King returned from a
trip to Edmonton on Monday.
Mrs. Fred Hopkins, of Trail,
is visiting relatives in the city.
Oroville expects to become
quite a copper camp in the near
future
Mrs. Griffith, of Nelson,, is the
guest of Mr. and Mrs. W, C.
Arthurs.
James McGregor, of Nelson,
mining inspector, was in town
this week.
Service in the Presbyterian
Church,  May 23rd,   at  11 f a.m.
All welcome. .'.'"'
So far there are no criminal
cases for the assizes to be held in
Greenwood, on June 11th.4
Mr. and Mrs. Owen Boyer and
family returned from California
on Wednesday of last week;
All Free Miners' Certificates
expire 31st May and should be renewed on or before that date.
Mrs. W. R. Phillips will not
be "At Home" on Thursday,
May 20, nor again this season.
Mrs. George Clerf left on Tuesday's train for Grand Forks,
where she will visit friends for
a lew days.
Chief Simpson went to the
Similkameen last week, to/attend
to some police business at Hedley
and Princeton.
W. R. Dewdney has been appointed an official member' of the
Board of Directors of.the Sacred
Heart Hospital.
Fifty-eight names werejstruck
off the voter's list of Greenwood
Electoral district at the Court of
Revision held on May 17th.
""English, Swiss and American
watch and clock repairing. All
work guaranteed. C. A. Aden-
eur, opposite Windsor Hotel
Greenwood.
Lauretta Weed, daughter of
Chas. Weed, Ingbram Mountain,
met with a slight accident a few
days ago, in which she had her
elbow dislocated.
Provincial Constable A. Johnston left on Saturday last   fori
Grand Forks, to relieve Constable
H. C. Williams, of that city, who
is on a vacation in California.
Arthur Roberts, road superintendent, received an official notice
from Ottawa, stating that his
brother Frank, who has been
serving with the 7th Battalion
in France, is missing. _   _
Sergt-Major Tennant, of Nelson, formerly of Mother Lode, is
among the list of wounded.' He
was a clerk and had served with
the Coldstream Guards. He left
with the first contingent.
C. J. Campbell, of the staff of
Canadian Bank of Commerce, is
on a vacation and left last Thursday, by motor with Chaffeur
St an aw ay, of Grand Forks, to
take in the Spokane Automobile
sbow.
The body of Wm. Evans was
found in the Similkameen river
last week. He was drowned some
time ago by falling off a temporary bridge near Hedley. It is
stated that, the deceased owned
some property in Greenwood.
At the residence of Mrs. Simpson prahd Forks, this: after npon
(Wednesday), at 4 p;m., Miss
Jennie Simpson, will be united
in marriage to Herbert Bryant,
of Greenv/dod, the service will be
conducted by Rev. M. D. McKee.
The amusement going public
will be pleased to learn that with
better times close at hand Mg*".
Wetherell expresses his intentions of improving the equipment and decorative surroundings
of the popular Star Theatre, and
will increase to more nights as
soons as conditions warrant.
Grand Forks will celebrate
Victoria Day, May 24th. A special train will bring a large crowd
from Nelson, along with their
baseball, football and basketball
teams, and a full line of sports
will be featured for both young
and old. Military manoeuvres
by Grand Forks Sharpshooters.
Fife and drums-^-bugle baud in
attendance. Ball in Opera House,
good music. A good time is assured., to all who attend. For
further information addrees: W.
Mark DeCe'w, Chairman of Committee, or F. J. Lake, Secretary
i of Committee.
The adjourned meeting of the
Council was held on Monday evening.
The Lynn creek water supply
was discussed. The Committee
report having visited the creek and
found it in an unsatisfactory condition and suggested that if a short
fence was made, a ditch dug, and
the bridge extended, ife would improve matters considerably. J.
McDonell offered to do the work
for $10.00, but the ^Committee
thought that the best way out of
the difficulty was to have McDonell
cross the creek below the reservoir.
It was decided that Aid. Gulley
be a committee of one to have the
creek fenced, ditches dug and
bridge extended at the present
crossing used by McDonell, at a
cost not exceeding 810.
It was decided to notify McDonell and Son to cease contaminating the City water Bupply at
once.
The 1914: Assessment Roll will
be adopted for 1915.
It was decided that on account
of the date of the next Council
meeting falling on the 24 of May,
the meeting to be held on.May 31.
i!^^_5_i5_--J_^_S^-_?_3^_!__JH^s^a^^
Western Float
Flake Gold in Well
Merritt.���Mr. Joseph Bernard,
one of the oldest settlers up the
Cold water, was in the city on Tuesday and in conversation with -a
Herald man told us of a discovery
he made last week while digging a
r
well on his ranch. Mr. Bernard
said that he had sunk the well
down 25 feet without encountering
the water; at this depth he ceased
digging operations and secured a
point, and drove it down several
feet and was successful in striking
plenty of water. A pump was immediately connected with the point
and it was while in the act of
pumping water that, happening to
glance down at the bottom of the
pail, he saw several good pieces of
shining metal, and upon examination they proved to be particles of
flake gold.
In days of long ago. the Indians
of the Cold water district reported
the finding of gold, but the white
man while spending years in vain
attempt to find the place from
which the Indian secured the gold,
have, up to the time of'Mr. Bernard's discovery, being fruitless.
Fatal Accident
, An automobile occupied by J.
F. Moore his wife and child, while
crossing the Great Northern track,
one mile south of Gray, Wash.,
was struck by the Spokane-Oro-
ville i>rain on Monday evening.
The baby was instantly killed.
The train brought the injured ones
and the body of the baby to Valley, Wash. ' Mr. Moore and wife
were taken to the Cartwrigbt hospital, where Mrs. Moore succumb1
ed. The Moore family live on a
farm seven miles west of Valley,
and were on their way to La Crosse,
Wash.,. where Mr. fore's brother
reside.
Canada is short 1,500,000 hens.
The lime works have re-opened
at Molson.
Bridesville will celebrate Victoria
Day, May 24.
The Trail Fair will be held September 21 and 22.
At Chesaw, Miss Anna Blaine
has been appointed postmaster.
Neil Gething is a candidate for
the mayoralty in Prince George;
Oroville expects to have a busy
summer.    It is sure of a hot one.
Billy Kettyls, of Merritt, has
bought a livery stable in Lillooet.
At Revelstoke in eight days, the
police collected $440 for ��� dog taxes.
Penticton farmers expect to raise
over 5,000 tons of fruit this year.
Large quantities of vegetable
are being raised at Myers Flat, a
few miles from Fairview.
In 18 months the Vancouver
World lost 865,000. High wages
and cheap ad rates do not make fat
bank rolls.
Charles Brooks was instantly
killed and Lloyd Lyons was-ser-
iously injured by a premature blast
at the Ivanhoe mine, near Oroville,
last week.       ��� - -
Jack Beaudoin died in Edmonton last month from paralysis,
where he was working for Bob
Moore. Jack was well-known in
Nelson, Kaslo, Fernie and the
west. He was a .member of the
force thafe went to Forfe Garry in
1870, and for years was wifeh the
N. W. Mounted Police.
Senator Charles Sulzes, of southeastern Alaska, is in favor of the
repeal of the territorial tax on the
output.of copper. He says: "The
tax of 10 cts. a ton on copper is
not fair to the small copper mines.
The copper properties producing in
Alaska ar6 being developed' under
expensive and unfavorable conditions."
Two permanent stock pens, and
a chute are to be built afe Myn-
caster to accomodate the live stock
men of- Chesaw. -During the last
six months more than '5100,000
worth of hogs and cattle have been
shipped from Chesaw through
Molson. Myncaster on the Canadian side is the natural shipping
point for Chesaw.
The announcement that a large
paper mill will be constructed afe
Selkirk, Manitoba, at a cost of
9150,000, serves as a reminder
thafe Western Canada is a country
in which many diversified interests find a footing. Ife is usually
thought of as.an open prairie country, but the location of paper mills
is evidence of the timber and pulp-
wood resources of the provinces.
Every industry of this kind means
an increased market for the farm
and dairy.
Reports of seeding conditions
from all parts of Western Canada
are uniformly satisfactory. -Wheat
seeding is from 50 to 95 per cent,
completed, according to locality,
and alL correspondents agree that
the seed was put into the ground
under very favorable conditions.
Oat seeding has commenced in
some districts. Indications, are
that there will be an increase in fehe
wheat area which has been estimated all the way from twenty, to
forty per cent., much of which is
summer fallow or new land.
J. C. Burgess, of Salmo, has
opened a pool room, cigar and tor
bacco store in Sandon.
Twenty years ago: this summer
Jim Davis began mixing cocktails
at the Allen in Rossland.
Vancouver is spotted with blind1
pigs,  mostly  kept by foreigners.
When caught these offenders usually get off wifeh a light fine.
Some idea of the coal resources
of the province of Alberta is afforded   by the  following- figures,
quoted from a. recent newspaper
statement:   Eighty-five  per cent,
of the coal of all Canada is in the
province   of Alberta.    Sixty per
cent, of the coal in the  British.*
empire js in. Alberta.   One-sixth,
of the coal in the entire world is in
Alberta.   Here is another way of
considering   it.    In  Alberta  we.
have in fehe past 20 years mined
about 20,000,000   tons.    Afe  that
ratefit would take 1,072,000 years
to exhaust our coal areas.   At the.
rate  that  Canada  is   using coal
now, we could supply tbe Domih-
ion for 100,000 years.   At the rate
that the world is using coal, we
could keep up a continuous supply "
for the whole world for the next
100 years and then have coal oa
hand.
Palmer Mountain
The hen was slowly and deliberately crossing the country lane,
pecking assiduously for possible
morsels of food. Suddenly a motor
car flashed swiftly around the corner���then vanished in a cloud of
dust.
The hen picked herself up and
shook herself, thoughtfully.
"Gee!" she soliloquised."
some rooster that!"
E. Hilbecque, of Anaconda,
left on Thursday last for Montreal, en route to join his old
regiment in France.
Frederic Keffer and Henry
Johns have gone info partnership
aud have an office at Nc�� 214
Hulton Building, Spokane, Wash.
They will conduct a general mining business^ particularly as re-
_.__    ___!___. -_�����____.        _. a -_,__* _.*���_
' A Moose Jaw creamery company
has been making the following
offer for cream, which will be of
interest to those who wish feo know
the possibilities of the dairy industry in Western Canada. For No.
1 cream, which is required, to test
30 per cent, butter fat, this company offers the farmer $4.50 net
iper "can of five gallons. No, 2
cream may test; only 28 per cent,
butter fat, and the price will be
slightly lower. Payment is made
by cheque every two weeks. The
company pays the express charges.
The demand for cream is indicated
by the fact that the company is
making these offers to farmers located as much as 200 miles away
from the creamery.
The Imperial Oil Go., which
owns large tracts of Oil-producing
lands in Peru, has installed a refinery at Ioca, on Burrard Inlet, a
few miles from Vancouver, at
which erode oil will be reduced
and various products obtainable
from petroleum, including gasoline,
naphtha, kerosene, lubricating oils,
etc., will be manufactured. The
site covers an area of 87 acres and
the plant, representing a cost of
$1,250,000, consists of 50 tanks,
one of which has a capacity of
3,000,000 gals., the largest recept-
able of the kind in Canada. The
completion and installation of this
oil refinery is an advance step in
industrial development, and will
increase materially tne commercial
The monster 100-stamp mill at
the old Palmer mountain tunnel,
at Loomis is being gradually being
denuded of its machinery, it being
sold piece meal to other mining
companies.   Ten stamps? were sold
a year or two ago, and 50 stamps.
have been hauled-feo Nighthawk
and loaded on cars during the past
fortnight for shipment to (Jhewelah,
to be installed in a mill near-that
place.    The   dismantlement, and
shipments have been under charge, _
of George Melcher,, who has .been
watchman at the property, for some
years.   The handsome big building,',.
still stands, a monument to., folly
in the spending   of money   that
should  have  gone into- development work,  one of fehe altogether ,
too many monuments to over confidence, criminal mismanagement,, -
or total ignorance scattered through,
the upper conntry.
When erected the Palmer moun-  <
tain stamp mills was one of the- ���
finest of its kind in the w.eat, the
entire plant from tunnel to mill,
and from mill   to   power  honse
equipped with the most   modern
machinery and   appliances to be
found.     While in operation   the
Palmer mountain mine gave em-
ploymenfe  ta  a  large  force, and
made Loomis one of the liveliest,
small towns on the coast.    When
finally tbe bubble burst after the
expenditure   of   thousands .upon
thousands of dollars, the camp fell -
into an apathy from which, it- has
never  recovered.    The  immense
mill never turned a wheel.   Indeed,
all of the stamps were never installed.   The mine has been practically idle for years.   Some there-
are who still believe the tunnel, it
extended, would cut ore in paying-
quantities.   Others doubt that any.
ore was ever cut, or exist to be cat.
It proved to be an  unfortunate
venture for the country, and all
who bad anything to do with it.
Sometime in the future the tunnel
may be  continued   on   into  the
mountain, and then it can be demonstrated   to   a  certainty if the
original Operator was only a dreamer and that ore in that part of'
Palmer mountain merely a myth.
-HOroville Gazette.
It Will Mend
gards,  the examination, reports, rf	
upon and   the  management  oi and shipping importance  of the
mining properties. port of Vancouver.
Ex Governor Pennypicker, in an
address that was both kind and
witty, said in Philadelphia of the
divorce evil:
"There would be less divorce if
there were more forgiveness. We
forgive our enemies���would it be
so dreadful to forgive oar husband*
and our wives?
"1 have been reading- a play by
a Frenchman���Hervieu's Connate-
toi���I wish we turned out racb
plays in this conntry���and in the
hut act of this play an old soldier
says a profoundly beautiful thing
about those husb-Uids and wm*
who forgive.
"Happiness,' he say?, Hs so
precious to some of ee that, wbtn
it is broken, we stoop tmd
up the pieces.'"-- Detected. THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
$2 a year iu Canada,   and  $2.50  in the
United States.
R. T. LOYVERY.
Editor and Financier.
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     6.00
Application Liquor Licenses    5.00
Transfer Liquor Licenses    7.50
_Estray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks    2.00
Certificale of Improvement  10.00
(Where more than one claim appears in notice, $2.50 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
No  redskin   ever sank  a Lusi-
tania.
As a bird the grasshopper is a
failure.
Get   your   mine ready.     The
boom is just over the divide.
Chops will be very popular especially if they are good ones.
Give ib time and the cig will
kill more men than the German
bullets.
When a man iB crazy he does
not know ife, but his neighbors are
alive to the fact.
Titere are more than 3,000
branch banks in Canada, and all
of them have money.
Listen to all men and you will
never do .anything. Blaze your
own trail and do not wander far
from it.
Ideas of a Plain Man
0 One of the most suspicious of
human documents is the confession.
A man's evidence for or against
himself is not trustworthy, for the
very reason that self is the very
person he knows least.
Iu fehe good old days old women
confessed themselves to be witches,
and gave detailed accounts of their
bargains with the devil. Everybody believed them, they believed
themselves, and we very well
know there was not a word of trnth
in their testimony.
Most confessions are due to mental suggestion. When the young
criminal owns up that his downfall was due to reading penny
dreadfuls, he is simply repeating a
theory he has heard. When a man
says: "All I am I owe to my
mother," that is also a fine phrase
he has heard. How does he know
to whom he owes what he is?
I am impressed by the untruthfulness of -Rousseau's "Confession's," He was obsessed by a
mania of self-accusation. He did
not know how good he was.
A confession is no more than a
point of view, the expression of a
mood.
It is the interpretation of a soul
by itself, and a soul understands
itself as little as it understands the
universe.
The law is that no man is compelled to give evidence incriminating himself. The truth is that
he is altogether an incompetent
witness for or against himself,���
Dr. Frank Crane,
Helping God
Primitive people believe in magic
rather than religion. When the
god���embodied in some wooden
image���doesn't {.rant their requests, they beat him or force him
by some hocus-pocus to do what
they made him for. The god is
powerful, but needs some human
pressure of assistance.
This seems to have been the idea
of the German minister who is re
ported to have said: "God may not
always side with the big gnnB, but
big guns will certainly help Him to
make a right decision." Instead
of asking God to help them, the
German militarist are helping God
-to reach a right decision. But
those who can help God can punish
them as well. What will happen
ii the Kaiser's bosom companion
does not make the right decision?
In view of the German militarists'
well-known addiction to cruel and
unusual punishments, we fear the
worst.���The Maesea.
Early Rossland Days
The story of the discovery of the
alluring yellow metal where Rossland now stands, and the events
which, since then, have made for
Rossland a name as glittering and
precious to scores and scores of
human beings as tbe gold itself,
will ever remain one of the romances of Canadian mining history.
The part played in this great
romance by Oliver Durant was
considerable indeed. Mr. Durant
is one of the few men of whom it
can truthfully be said; "He made
Rossland." In recent issues of
The Miner brief reference was
made to Mr. Durant's connection
with the great Centre Star mine.
His work and achievements here
warrant a much more extended
reference and fehe story will be read
with keen interest by the present
residents of Kootenays.
Oliver Durant was the first man
to open up the mines of Trail
Creek, as the mines of Rossland
were formerly known. In November 1S90, a long time ago, he secured a bond from Mr. Topping on
the Le Roi, then a prospect and
location only. Forming a close
syndicate of Spokane parties, Mr.
Durant put in six months' mining
supplies and grub and brought in
his miners. They began work in
fehe month of December, 1890,
with Mr. Durant as manager.
The following spring the syndicate took up the bond on the Le
Roi, paying Topping for the property and continuing development
work. In the same spring 1891,
Mr. Durant secured a bond on the
Centre Star and Idaho mineral
claims and, getting Butte men interested, he organized a syndicate
which was incorporated under the
laws of Montana. Mr. Durant
was manager of the Le Roi and
looked after the work for abont
two years. He was also general
manager of the second company,
the Centre Star, continuing as such
until the mine was sold to Messrs.
Gooderham and Blackstock of Toronto in the fall of 1S98.
In his enterprising and persevering work Mr. Durant mefe with
many discouragements. The developing of the Centre Star claim
into a mine found many knotty
problems to contend with during
those first eight years. Saccess,
however, crowned his efforts and
proved fehat they were well done,
for on this preliminary work as a
foundation has built up the Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of Canada, Limited. In
the meantime, a great tremor had
passed over America. A city
sprung up and its name, "Rossland," was on every tongue.
Mr. Durant did not confine his
brains or his organizing genius aud
energies to mining. He also turned a scrutinizing mind to the question of how the mines of the new
gold camp were to be operated.
He formulated a plan to generate
electric power for the working of
both the mines of Rossland and the
smelter of Trail. He procured a
franchise from the British Columbia parliamnent to use the waters
of the Kootenay River falls, now
known as Bonnington, for the generation of electric power. Sir
Charles Ross, fehe inventor and
manufacturer of the Rosa Rifle at
Quebec, was identified with him
and they formed the West Koot-
ena.y Power and Light Company
Limited.
Oliver Durant was the first president of the new ci>a_pany and re?
mained in that office until the
company was a going concern
Today it spreads its heavy voltage
wires all over Southern British
Columbia and parts of Washington
State, and plays a'tremendous part
iu the turning of the wheels of in
dustry in both of these adjoining
countries.
Let tha person disposed to min
imize the importance of the work
done in Rossland by Mr. Durant,
or fehe courage he exhibited in accomplishing it, reflected on the
conditions as he found them. He
was the first to open up to do mining in Trail Creek district. He
had to cut out the trail so that
supplies could be brought in by
wagon from Marcus to Little Dales
and from their by pack mules and
Indian ponies into canape'���-.. :,
Where the mines of Rossland
are there was nothing but a wild
wilderness���no population except
abont 50 white men outside of his
own miners. It was a hard task,
especially as they arrived in the
winter and were snowed in completely.     Mr,   Durant,   however,
had the necessary faith in the mineral possibilities of the country.
The Le Roi syndicate was made
up of men who had no means, only
what they had' accumulated from
day to day, so it was particularly
hard to develop a mine, financed
as it was, little by little. The
members chipped in when they
could; Mr. Durant had to carry
them frequently by advancing
money for the payroll, bufe they all
payed it back, as they could get it.
Similar difficulties were encountered in developing the Centre Star
mine and a large amount was
Bpent. It stands today however, a
tribute to such faith and enterprise.���Miner.
The Bravest Battle
Sheep Raising
Bounaparte Valley, B.C.���Sheep
raising on a fairly large scale is being successfully carried on in this
district by a number of homesteaders and old settlers. One of the
finest stocks is owned by Mr. A.
Whitley, of the North Bouuaparte,
who has nearly four hundred head
on the range. Although engaged
in the horse and cattle business
when he settled here six years ago,
Mr. Whitley later turned his attention almost exclusively to sheep,
specializing in Southdowns, Suf-
folks, and a few Merinos, His returns for fleece average $5 per
sheep, which, with the natural increase of his flock, yield an annual
profit of 100 per cent. By caretnl
herding he has escaped serious
losses from coyotes, but other
ranchers have suffered more sever-
ly. His sheep range on the foothills, and are herded by a man and
one dog.
The Lillooet Land Company,
owners of large tracts of land in
this region are planning to establish a big sheep ranch near Fish
Lake, the intention bing to have
15,000 head within the next three
years.���Columbian.
Father's Savings
Settlement Worker (visiting
tenements)���And your father is
working now and getting 810 a
week? That's splendid I And how
much does he put away every Saturday night, my dear?
Little Girl���Never less than
three quarts, ma'am.���New York
Post.
The bravest battle that ever was fought,
Shall I tell yon where and when?
On the maps of the world you'ill find it
not;
'Twas fought by the mothers of men.
Nay, not with cannon, or battle shot,
With sword or;nobler pen;
Nay, not with   the   eloquent   word  or
thought
From the mouth of wonderful men.
But deep in a walled-up woman's heart���
Of woman that would not yield,
But bravely, silently bore her part���
Lo!���there is the battlefield.
No marshalling troop, no bivouac song,
No banner to gleam and wave!
But oh, these battles! They last so long���
From babyhood to the grave.
���Joaquin Miller.
LAKE  STUDIO
GRAND FORKS
Up-to-Date and Best Appointed Studio
in the Boundary
Amateur  Finishing   Beautifully   Done,
Postage Paid to and from Greenwood and
Other    Points.     Best  Line of Portrait
Frame Pictures in the Boundary.
Agent for Ensign Cameras and Supplies
DEVELOPING .' 25cts per roll
PRIMS 50cts a dozen
r.   J.   LAKE,
Winnipeg Ave., Grand Forks
About Float.
Float is nofe a periodical.
It is a book containing 86
illustrations all told, and
is filled with sketches and
stories of western life. It
tells how a gambler cashed
in after the flush days of
Sandon ; how it rained in
New Denver long after
Noah was dead; how a
parson took a drink at
Bear Lake in early days ;
how jnsti��e was dealt in
Kaslo in '93; how the
saloon man outprayed the
women in Kalamazoo, and
graphically depicts the
roamings of a western
editor among the tender-
. feet in the cent belt. It
contains the early history
of Nelson and a romance
of the Silver King mine.
In it are printed three-
western poems, -and dozens of articles too numerous to mention. Send for
one before it is too late.
The price is 25 cents,
postpaid to any part of the
world.* Address all letters to
R. T. Lowery
GREENWOOD, B. C.
TENTH VICTORIA DAY
CELEBRATION
&>(elson Day at Grand Forks
MONDAY,   MAY   24th,   1915
I Special Train from Nelson
BY GRAND FORKS SHARPSHOOTERS
NELSON
BASEBALL
FOOTBALL
BASKETBALL ) Grand Forks
VERSUS
Open Caledonian Sports - - - Children's Competition
GASH PRIZES  FOR ALL  EVENTS
DANCE IN OPERA   MOUSE
MUSIC BY THE McLEOD ORCHESTRA
FutlDatfs Spoii ardEntetimmei^
SEE  SMAU   BIllS  FOR  HILL  PROGRAM
W, Mark DeCew, President F. j, Lake, Secretary
GOD SAVE THE KINcI
<gl)klcts
"really DELIGHTFUL     ���
THE DAINTY
MINT-COVERED
CANDY-COATED
CHEWING GUM
Make a Corner
Cosy
Collect tbe Cushion
Cover Coupons with
every 0D.jH.Ut Package
MADE IN CANADA
[Windsor Hotel
THOROUGHLY RENOVATED AND SPECIALLY
ADAPTED FOR COMMERCIAL TRADE
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
Victoria Day
May 24th
Excursion Fares
Fare and One-Third
Round Trip
Dates of Sale
Way 22nd to 24th
Return Limit May 26th
Commercial Travellers
Siiige Fare Return Limit as Above
TICKETS:   From all Agents or Pursers
Kootenay Steamers
D. McPherson, Agent, Greenwood,  B.C.
J. S. Carter, D. P. A., Nelson, B.C.
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
T.    THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
Direct from tbe Factory to the consumer
By PARCEI, POST
at wholesale prices   to advertise onr
Brands.
Every cigar we make is absolutely guaranteed filled with genuine Havana-
Filler
Box of So's B.C. full weight, five
inches long $3.50.
Box of so's O.S   4 inches  long,
Conchas, $3 00.
Box of "Brillantes" Clear  Havana
Wrapper, full weight, 5 inches
long, 50 S $5.00.
Send money order, or certified
cheque.   Do not send money unless registered.
References:-!.. 6. DUNN & CO.
WILBERC & W0LZ.
New Westminster, B. C.
COUNTY   COURT OF YALE
A SITTING 01 the County Conrt of Vale will
be holden at the Court House, Greenwood,
on Tuesday the 25th day of May, 1915, al
11 a.m.
WAI/TER DEWDNEY,
.   -Registrar C C. of Y
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations.
'���f*QA:lt mining rights of the Dominion
^ in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, tihe Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years at an annual rental of
$1 an acre. Not more than 2,560 acres
will be leased to one applicant
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the Agent
or Sub-Agent of the district in which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sab-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refanded if
the rights applied for are not available
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the'mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay uie royalty
thereon: If the coal mining rights are
not being operated, such returns should
be furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the* coal mining
rights only, bnt the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the
rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Depart
ment of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion __<ands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.R���Unauthorized    publication    of
this advertisement will.notbe paid for.-
5828a.
THE WINDSOR HOTEL is one of the best furnished
hotels in the west. It is located in the heart of Greenwood and within easy reach of all the financial and
commercial institutions of the Copper Metropolis.
Heated with Steam and Lit by Electricity
Commodious sample rooms. The bar is replete with
all modern beverages and the meals are the best.. Booms
reseived by telegraph.
*$4*4*4*^^4'��l**-h*_),4*,l*'l* i"f��4*4"t*,t'*ft"t��(t"$"i*'t*X
Cbe fiume fiotel
nelson, B,g*
The only up^toxdatc Hotel in the interior.   First-class
in every respect,
CENTRALLY LOCATED
Hot and Cold Water; Steam Heat and Telephone in
each room.
ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATHS.
CUISINE AND SERVICE THE BEST
First Class Bar and Barber Shop
15 FREE SAMPLE ROOMS
Steam Heated; Electric lighted.
RATES $1.00 per day and up; European Plan.
Bus Meets all Trains and Boats.
st��f ��f ��$���*!��� ���f"f"t"t��*t*/f *fr��f ���������� 4�� *f*f**f*4**f��f *f**f*��fX
WESTERN - - HOTELS.
HOTEL PRINCETON
Princeton, B.C., now completed on the
site of the old Great Northern. Only
brick hotel in Similkameen. A first
class house,
Swanson & Broomfield. Props.
THIS   KASLO   HOTE1
Kaslo, B. C��� is a comfortable
home for ali who travel to that
city.
j. w. Cockle, prop.
it rides ville: hoxkl,
Bridesville,   B. C.   This  hotel   is
within easy reach of all the leading
Boundary towns and the centre oi
a fine farming district.
: THOMAS   DONALD.   Proprietor.
ARLINGTON HOTEL
Trail, B. C���This hotel has been
thoroughly renovated. It is heated
by steam, and has hot and cold
water iu all rooms. A pleasant
home for all who travel.
JAMES WILLIAMSON, Proprietor
BUSINESS CARDS.
_^_>>-��-i��^'Si^-^^i^_^^^i^_'*^*'^��_.^>^^^I^^^^^>h^^^^'^^^^^^A-^i*-*��
ASSAYBR
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer. and
Chemist, Box- biio8, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, I.ead or Copper
$1 each." Gold-Silver,-or -Silver-tead,
fi.50. Prices for other metals: Coal,
Cement, Fireclay analyses on application. The largest custom a��_-iy office in
British Colombia.
FRED A. STARKEY,
N__.I��ON. B. C.
MINING
BROKER
PROSPECTS   BOUGHT   AND
SOLD
THE SIMILKAMEEN HOTEL
Princeton. This liotel is new, comfortable
well-furnished, and Is close to the railway
depot. Modern accommodation and sample rooms.
SUMMERS & WARBLE, Proprietors
RIVERSIDE HOTEL
Rock Creek, B. C. This is one of
the oldest hotels in the Kettle Valley. Excellent accommodation for
all travellers.
S.aT. LARSEN, Proprietor.
ALGOMA HOTEL
Deadwood, B. C. This hotel is
within easy distance of Greenwood
and provides a comfortable home
for travellers. The bar has the
best of wines, liquors and cigars.
JAMES HENDERSON Proprietor
TULAMEEN HOTEL
Princeton, B. C. is the   head,
quarters   for  miners,  investors
and railroad men.   A fine location and everything first-class
F. J. KIRKPATRICK, Proprietor
OUEEN'S   HOTEL,
FHOEJ-NTX     B. O.
The Newest and Largest Hotel in
the City. Everything neat, clean
and comfortable. Steam beat and
electric light. Meals and drinks at
all hours.
HARM & WALSH
Props.
Tbe Knot) Hill Hotel
PHOENIX.
One of the largest hotels in
the city.   Beautiful location,
fine rooms and tasty meals.
A. O. JOHNSON
PROP.
SMOKE....
Imperator and Kootenay Standard
Cigars.   Made by
J. C. THELffi & CO., NELSON
J. E. CAMEBON,
Leading Tailor of the Kootenays.
KASLO      B.  C
dr. a. miuloy
DENTIST
All   the   latest methods   in  high-class
Dentistry.
LOO BUILDING
Corner Abbott & Hastings Streets.
VANCOUVER.   -  -   -  B.C.
PHONE   13
Auto   and  Horse   Stages
Leave    Greenwood    Twice
Daily to Meet Spokane and
Oroville Trains
Autos for Mire.   The Finest
Turnouts in the Boundary.
Light and Heavy Draylng
Russell's Lively And Stage.
GREENWOOOD. B.C
O. G. RTJSSELL, Proprietor.
your Razors Honed
and Your Baths at f
GREENWOOD.
iff MMM Mi| ftp ��| ��Qt ��>,��t
Mazda Tungsten Lamps
10 to 60 Watt Lamps 60c each
In cartons of 5. $2,50
100 Watt Lamps, $125 each
d
Greatood City Witervoils Coapaoy

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