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The Ledge Jan 15, 1914

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I Provincial library  |
Vol.   XX.
No. 27
Make Your Selection of
Pocket and Office Diaries
FOR 1914
While Assortment is Good.
Books, Stationery, Mate, Wallpapei, Etc.
Ladies and Childrens Mitts and Gloves
Childrens Gaiters in Black Felt and Corduroy
Boys Reifers, Brass Buttons
Felt Slippers all sizes,    Childrens Toques and Caps
Ladies and Childrens Sweaters
Heavy Stockings for Boys and Girls
German Socks and Rubbers for Boys
Childrens Overshoes and Rubbers
Greenwood's   Big  Furniture Store
fiiflb Grade Iliattres$e$~
Ostermoor, Snowflake, Starfelt, American Felt
mso First Rat��J combination Itlattm* a�� $9.00
Special Values this week in Fine White and
Colored Blankets.
They ase going at Reduced Prices.
T. M. GULLEY & Go/
Opposite PostefQce. GREENWOOD, B. C. Phone 27
Canada's Best
You know "Automobile"
Skates. You've known them
for years as the Country's
best. They are more so
to-day than ever before.
reflect alS that men know
about making good skates.
Aluminum tops and nickel
steel blades make them the
lightest, swiftest and
staunchest skate in existence.,
A complete line here for
your inspection.
��� Around Home 1
Layer Cakes
25, 35, 50 and 60cts.
William C^rtlmrsU
Vienna Bakery, Greenwood
The Greenwood Grocery
Hisk Grade Caiined Fruit
Lee & Bryan Phone 46.
A Full Stock of First Class Pipes.       Pipe Repairs
a Specially. .
B Bappy
Dew Vear
to all
Thanking all out
customers for past
favors'and hoping
to receive a con**
tinuance of the
All Kinds of Feed
Always up to Standard
Hot Air
For Salk.���I wish to sell my
fine residence on Kimberly Ave.,
in Greenwood, very cheap. Write
to C. F. Stork, Castor, Alberta.
..    ��� ���������'��� ���' ������ ��� ��� ���
For Saxe.��� A large quantity
of Shingles, Shiplap, Rustic
Flooring and Ceillng�� all dry.
Charles Kinney, blacksmith and
wagon maker, Greenwood.
Rooms in Miller Blk. over Drag
Lost.���A long black fur boa.
please leave at The Ledge office.
Mrs. Murphy was getting the
sapper for the children on Saturday night when a woman came to
her door.
* 'I'm a collector for the Drunkards' Home," she said. "Coold
yon help us?"
< 'Come around to-night and I'll
give yon Murphy," said the housewife as she went about her work.
In the rattle of life's battle
We resort to forces queer,
Bat the force of all the forces
Is caloric atmosphere;
For it's air that fans onr faces,
And its wind that stirs the crowd,
As we straggle for the "pesos''
From the bibbin to the shroud.
One may emulate a bishop,
Have his piety as well,
Hare his head so full of wisdom.
As to almost burst the shell;
Hare the knowledge of a master
And a double jointed pull,
But he cannot cut the mustard
If he cannot throw the bull.
Grand Forks will soon haye a
steam laundry.
Mrs/ Gene Shea is paying a
visit to Phoenix.
Oscar Lachmund returned from
Butte on Saturday.
Bernie Morris is again playing
hockey with Phoenix.
Bod McCutcheon has returned
from a trip to Toronto.
F. S. Norcross is on a trip to
Montana mining towns,
Herb Neil will' play hockey
with Gieenwood this winter.
Jack Manning is tending bar
at the Brooklyn hotel in Phoenix,
Dr. Griffith is expected to open
a dental office in Phoenix this
MissH. M. Shaw left on Saturday last to visit relatives in
Mrs. Bowman, of Toroda Creek,
is in the hospital with an attack
of pneumonia.
Ed. L'Heureux of Phoenix, died
in Seattle last week from cancer
of the stomach.
The intermediate hockey team
will pfay the first league game in
Phoenix on Friday night.
W, F. Hazzard was granted his
naturalization papers, at the
County Court on Tuesday.
Sunday school in connection
with the English Church will be
held as usual next Sunday,
When your skates are dull take
them to Kinney's shop he has a
machine that makes' them sharp.
For the benefit of the school
there will be a concert iu Rock
Creek at Hanson's Hall; January
J. H. McNeil has sold his interest in the flour and feed business
at Grand Forks to F. Shaw Baker
for $8,000.
Mrs. H. C. Cummins left on
Tuesday for Brighton, England,
owing to the serious illness of her
Miss Cummins, left last week
for Vancouver where she will
take a three years training in an
hospital as nurse.
The annual meeting of the
Greenwood Conservative Association will be held in the Auditorium next Monday.
After being laid up for several
months with an injured foot, Jas.
McGregor is again doing duty as
a mining inspector. - ,__,.= ,_...,__.,
Doc. Goodeve purchased a team
of horses which he will use to
work his farm. Doc. is very
proud of his investment.
At the skating rink on Monday
evening Mrs. Bean dislocated her
right knee cap, and had to be
taken to the National hotel in
the ambulance.
J. R. Jackson, M.P.P. left for
Victoria last week to attend the
present session of the Legislature.
He invites all his friends to call
on him when they visit the coast.
W. H. Bambury of the Jewel
force was in town last week. He
is an old-timer having arriyed at
Nelson in 1890. In 1887 on a trail
near Field he fought a duel with
a bear and killed him with a
hunting knife.
C. C. Tilley, manager of the
Poultry Show met with a serious
accident on Monday that will confine him to the hospital for a
/week. He fell from a ladder in
the Show building, and sustained
a partial fracture of several ribs
in addition to being badly shaken
There was little excitement
over the municipal election last
Monday. Thomas Jenkins and
G. A. Rendell are the new aldermen there being no change in the
balance of the council. H. McCutcheon and A. F, H. Meyer
are the new school trustees, all
by acclammation.
Out of 31 Institutions for Grain
in the Field Crops the
highest score for British Columbia
was 94^ won by A. D. McLennan
Rock Creek. The next highest
93 by F, Donald, the 3rd 92# by
Ed. Hatton. This is very satisfactory when it is considered that
they had to compete against the
high priced land on the coast.
Only one point was scored in
potatoes above H. Whiting of the
Kettle Valley.
Game Protested
The first Boundary League
hockey match was played at Phoenix on Monday night, which re-
stilted in Greenwood filing a protest, owing to the fact that during
the first period when the score
stood 2 to 1 in favor of Phoenix,
the referee let his bell fall and the
Greenwood players thinking that
it was for an off side stopped playing and then Phoenix scored. In
the last period Greenwood scored
twice and if the goal had not been
counted in the first period Greenwood would have won���hence the
protest. All bets are declared off
and those holding stakes are requested nottopay over any money
until this match has been decided,
lb was won of the hardest fought
games ever played in the Boundary and Greenwood easily had the
best of the game throughout.  Both
teams cut a lively pace in the first
period and both goals were threatened on several occasion, but Clark
and Mitchell were equal to the
task and and the whistle for time
found the teams standing Phoenix
3, Gree'riw6b3X'""'"""Ir   "      '"
Both teams started the second
session in a determined manner
and the Greenwood stars kept the
rubber in the Phoenix territory
most of the time. No goals were
scored but the game was-furious.
The third period was the hardest
fought of the night. Both teams
worked tooth and nail to register a
victory. Lynn and Treheme each
scored a goal for Greenwood making the score 3-3., In the fourth
or overtime period O'Connel and
Benson scored for Phoenix.
Phoenix-r-Goal, Mitchell; point,
Davidson; coyer point, Benson;
rovetj.. Bassett; centre, Mcintosh;
right. wing, Morris; left wing,
Greenwood���Goal, Clark; point,
Axelson; cover point, Neill; rover,
Lynn; centre, Treheme, right
wing, Smith; left wing, Donnelly.
Sayers and Howey played spare
for Phoenix and Fisher for Greenwood.
Joel Rochon was referee and P.
C. McWha was jndge of play.
Both wore from Grand Forks.
For Sals,���-First class horse,
buggy and harness for $125.
Apply to Frank Bell, Anaconda.
Christian Science service will
be held in the Oddfellows Hall on
Sunday at 11 a.m.   All welcome.
Rev. A. T. Bell will preach in
the Methodist church next Sunday at 11 a.m. Sunday School
2.30 p.m.
The Rev. A. M. Lloyd will
preach at the school house, Ingram Mountain, on Sunday next,
at 3 p.m.
Church service at Rock Creek
on Sunday next. Matins and
Holy Eucharist 10:30 a.m. Rev.
A. M. Lloyd, pastor.
Service in the Presbyterian
church next Sunday, Jan. ISth
will be held in the morning at
11 o'clock. Sunday School and
Bible Class 2:30 p. m. Rev. J.
R, Munro Pastor.
I Western Float
Nelson owns its street railway.
Republic has another meat market..
There are Beveral Hindu wrestlers in Fernie.
Graham Island is to- :he:-.stocked
with red deer.
Twenty cabins are being built in
New Hazelton.
The Yukon river is navigable
for 2,100 miles. ���! ' I
S. Motes/has opened a grocery
5Sore in Chilliwack. c.
Dr. McLean, o& Hazelton,'' has
located in Bmithers..'       '    ,-'
R. C. Sinclair is 'running a picture show in Telkwa.v ',/���
Trains are how running between
Oroville and Pateros.
Duck eggs are 55 cents a dozen
in New Westminister.
Stop eating veal and the price of
beef will come down.
The C.P. sawmill in Port Alberni
has resumed operations.
R. E. Allen has moved from
New Denver to Hazelton.
A hardware store has been
opened in New Hazelton.
Richard Fawcett died in North
Vancouver, a few days ago.
Letter boxes have been placed
on the Kootenay lake steamers.
An 'old prospector, George Lough
died in Whitehoree last month.
J. M. Snow, mining engineer,
has opened an office in Republic.
Last year the value of the forest
products in B.C.  was $30,000,000.
In December there were 100
cases in the police court at Lillooet.
Last year more than 700 miles
of new wagon roads were built in
In B.C. wireless telegraphy will
be used to give warning of forest
E. M. Morgan has returned from
Prince Rupert and settled in Sil-
In Rossland, August Jackson
was fined $100 for selling liqnor to
miners.  .:, .*\ .   _   ..    _
Johnny Bell fell off a gasoline
launch at Bella Coola and was
Chilliwack how has a tri-weekly
steamer service with New Westminister.
More and brighter lights are
needed on the north end of Kootenay lake.
This winter there is very little
demand for hay in the Fraser valley towns.
The Golden Star is eleven years
old, and has never been raided by
the sheriff.
In many towns around Ororille
the price of shaving has been cut
to 15 cents.
At Clinton, James Wardell has
bought the Smith ranch aud hotel
for $25,000.
A tree was recently jjut in Ferry
county, Wash., that produced 20
cords of wood,
Harry Kayea and Mrs. Jupp
were married at Rock Creek on
New Years Day.
David Jones died in Nanaimo
this month. He had lived in that
town forty years.
Ore assaying $190 to the ton has
heen struck in the Inland Empire
mine at Paulsen.
Constable Blue was shot in the
hand while attempting to arrest an
Italian at Lytton,
Canada imports beef from New
Zealand, and exports live cattle to
the United States.
Three thousand tons of beef
from New Zealand arrived in Vancouver this month.
The eight hour law for underground miners is now in force in
the province of Ontario.
Dan Stewart has finished his
contract at Burns Lake, and moved
his outfit to Fort George.
Johnny Walker died in Golden
last week. He ran a restaurant in
that town for some time.
Professional hockeyism is out of
place in small towns, and furnishes
no fame to any community.
D. A. Stoddart has sold his 83
Mile House property, and taken
up his residence in Clinton.
L. Winn, of Marcus, has taken
charge of the barber shop in the
Province hotel at Grand Forks.
The fall catch of for is beginning
to arrive at Bella Coola. Fur of
every kind is plentiful this season.
Rev. F. W. Kerr, of Prince
Rnpert, has been called to preach
in St. Andrews church at Chilliwack.
R. H. Constable, of Woodstock,
Ontario, has worked steadily at
the printing business in that town
for 66 years.
The Grand Trunk Pacific railway will be finished in April, con���
neotions will be made about 10!)
west of Fort George.
There are a million coal mino
workers in Great Britain. Las^
year one out of every seven workers was killed or injured.
Owing to the existence of powdery scab and black wart diseasep,
Canadian potatoes have been barred
out of the United States.
W. J. Barrett was killed at
Abbotsford- He was blowing out
stumps by dynamite, and went
back too soon to a missed hole.
The majority of editors are ignorant of the origin of Christmas,
judging from the dope they hand
out every year abont that festive
At this session of the B.C. Legislature, it is likely that measures
mill be passed, providing for the
establishment of a mounted police
force in this province, with headquarters at Kamloops.
Pat Walsh has bought an interest in a bakery at Kaslo, and
will again become a permanent
resident of that city. Years ago
he was superintendent of the K.
& S. railway in that burg.
This winter Bates & Rodgers
will haul 3,000 tons of cement from
the end of the steel on the Grand
Trunk Pacific railway to the
Nechaco bridge. Over 100 four-
horse teams will be employed.
After being shut down for about
10 years operations will be resumed
upon the Nickle Plate mine at
Rossland. The company will expend from 850,000 to $100,000 in
diamond drilling and exploratory
Weston Coyney is starting an
illustrated paper in Prince Rupert.
Coyney is one of the beat writers
in the west having years ago been
on the staff of the New York
Herald, and the New Denver
Recently Mrs. Wellman, who
lives near Armstrong, was seriously
injured. "by an explosion. Her
sons were drying half a keg of gun
powder in the kitchen when it exploded and burned Mrs., Wellman
L. L. Carlson was arrested at
Colville, for bringing. Alice Hill
and Edith Stacey of Grand Forks
into the United Spates in violation
of the -Mann Act. - When arrested ���
Carlson and the two women were
found in a shack, and had less
than 25 cents among them, ���
Next November a law will be
voted on to prohibits the sale and
manufacture of liquor in the State
of Washington. In another century booze will almost be unknown
in the United States. Its improper use causes more trouble
than anything else in America.
Send for a catalogue of head-
atones and monuments, made by
the Kootenay Monumental Works,
Nelson, B. C.    '
The Chauffeur's Code
Mayor Harrison of Chicago was
being congratulated, at a luncheon,
on his ordinance forbidding chattf*
fenrs to bioff, their horns in the
crowded business section of the
city;      ���
"Chicago chauffeurs think," he
said,v "that they need only blow
their horns and the pedestrians
will jump out of their way. Let
tbe chauffers drive with care, remember that the pedestrians' right
Is supreme.
"Why, if something isn't soon
done, the chauffeurs of this city
will be getting up a horn code for
pedestrians to learn and obey���a
code something like this:
"One toot: Throw a quick back
handspring for the sidewalk.
"Two toots:   Dive over the car.
f' Three toots: Lie down calmly;
it is too late to escape; but we will
go over you as easily as possible if
you keep very still.
One long and too short toots:
Throw yourself forward and we
will save both your arms.
"One short and two long toots:
Throw yourself backward and one
leg will be saved.
"Four toots: It's all np with
you, and we promise to notify
your family.
Good fellows in the crowd are
bad providers in tbe family. finriTii
is located at Greenwood, B. C, and can be traced to many parts of
the earth. It comes to the front every Thursday morniugf. and
believes that hell would close up if love ruled the world. Et believes
iu justice to everyone; from the man who mucks iv. the mine to the
king who sits on the cushions of the throne. It "believes that advertising is the life of trade; and that one of the noblest works of
creation is the man who always pays the printer.
The Ledge is $2.00 a year in advance, or $2.50 when not so paid.
It is postage free to all parts of Canada, Mexico, Great Britain and
the county of Bruce. To the United States it is $2.50 a year, always
in advance.
A blue mark here indicates that your Subscription has
become deceased, and that the editor would once more
like to commune with your collateral.
At present ennui Is almost unknown in Mexico.
At present the world ia overstocked with broken resolutions.
Be sure you are right, put your
ad in The Ledge,  and then  go
It has not yet touched zero,
although we bought an overcoat
last October.
The whiskey market is again
reviving, owing to the early death
of so many New Year's resolutions.
Beef is still scarce and dear,
although the country is flooded
with bull con.
Yon have forgotten the things
that worried you 20 years ago.
Then, why worry about anything
The C.P.R. and the Dominion
government are pretty much alike.
They both take a long time to pay
their accounts.
The two railroads at Midway
should be connected, and that stopover at Oroville cut out. There iB
no reason why the Great Northern
railway should compel passengers,
bound for points west of Oroville,
to stay iu that town over night.
Spring dallied in the lap of
winter last week much to the disgust of the men who are cutting
logs amid the green timber, and
the people who love hockey, Bkat-
ing, and curling. No one can remember such a mild January since
the trails were first out in B.O.
Perhaps the Japan current is again
running wild.
In some parts of the world,
especially in Germany the upsetting of a salt cellar is considered
to be a sign of bad luck. It is
strange how superstition lingers in
the mind of man. Even in thia
country some intelligent people
believe that disease can be prevented by shooting vaccine into
the system.
Thinking Themes
The older I grow, and the more
experience is added to my store,
studied and classified, tbe more I
approach the belief that it is the
law of goodness to conceal itself,
and it is the law of badness to expose itself.
The common inrtLncte of the
whole world are very true; and the
world has always been a bit suspicious of professed goodness.
I am far from believing that all
men who make a show of righteousness, and call themselves good and
pure, are hypocrites; but it seems
to me they would do better to say
For one's goodness is i the most
eecret, shy, and sensitive part of
him. It is the little girl of six
who will not oome into the room
and be introduced to company, bu*
runs away and bides, la a panic of
On the contrary the best people
I have known seem willing to publish the very worst of themselves.
They admit faults freely, and if
accused of kindness or a noble
deed they seem abashed.
This, therefore, is tie inherent
lew of goodness that it ehould hide
itself in the cellars of the soul.
The two sisters of goodness is
modesty, without whom, she is
When Jesus said we Bhould not
let one hand know the other hand's
deed of mercy, that we should
pray in secret, and not give our
alms on the street corner, he was
not so much giving a command as
he was showing how thoroughly he
understood the nature of goodness
and the humanjheart.
To confess our sins is helpful;
our goodness shrinks from confession.
This being true, it [comes about
that all men are much batter than
they seem to be.
Down in the bottom of; every
heart lurks a store of heroism,
beauty, and nobility which if we
could see would dazzle us,
That is why love has no;>eason.
One loves simply because, being
dumbly conscious that in himself
are resources of goodness, he also
feels with the'soul's antennae and
sees with tbe soul's eye that the
beloved is also secretly good.
The real history of tbe 'human
race'goes on underneath appearances. Souls meet in thedark aud
recognize each others angelic
Whoever loathes and condems
any man utterly is only accusing
himself of spiritual blindness.
God, who can see, loves all.���
Dr, Frank Crane.
No Need of Charm
In "The Marriage Game," Mrs.
Flexner's new play, occurs a fine
liste: ---���-���-	
���"Unless a woman wants something, she has no business to want,
she has no need of charm."
No< need of charm 1 How many
foolish little brain, devoid of understanding, has shipwrecked
things by this unreason.
The silly woman who exerted all
her arts and wiles to draw a suitor,
drops her efforts with him when
be becomes a husband. Her markets made. She has caught her
train, is safely aboard and why
ran any more?
She gives frank expressions to
her peevish whims and ailments.
She is captious, critical.
She is dowdy at breakfast. She
is unkempt and sloppily dressed
when they too are alone.
Exert oneself to woo a husband?
Wby there are women who seem
to think it is hardly decent,
And right here is the cue for the
entrance of "the other woman."
Many a man, too, thinks the
game up when he has haltered and
altared the woman of bis choice.
The excitement of the chase is
over. It's "married and done
Then if the woman be strongly
human, which she generally is,
and a bit weak and sensitive, as
she often is, majriage breaks down.
Possibly���enter "the other man."
People speak of having tried
marriage and found it a. failure.
Most of them have not tried at all.
That ts the trouble. Tliey didn't
. Eternal vigilance id the price of
love, a�� well as of liberty. Success, io marriage also, means everlasting at it.
To sit down, once married, and
expect to be coddled, waited on,
served and pleased, you a king on
a throne and your mate your servitor, is rather sure to bring on
swift ruin.
There is not one wife in a thousand that could not keep her husband if she would keep working at
the job. The wife has a thousand
advantages over the other woman.
And if a husband will only not
stop making love, he need fear no
In Queen's Palaces
Means Morality
Princess Mary has a great fondness for cats and has dozens of
them about all the time. But
when her mother, the queen,
stumbled over a cab and nearly
fell to the floor, she ordered the
number lessened.
Queen Alexandre loves cats and
dogs. Edward never went anywhere without Caesar, an Airedale
terrier, even taking him to formal
dinners where he sat at the king's
feet and demanded a sample of
every course served. He slept in
the king's room at the foot of the
bed, or anywhere else it pleased hie
sagacious canine majesty. Ho
claims the same privilege now with
the widowed queen.
Late pictures of Queen Maud of
Norway are taken with her pet
terrier In ber royel arms. Wil-
helmina ot Holland and her idolized little daughter are photographed with their pet dogs.
Gave Life For Her Kittens
Mary, the mascot cat and champion rat killer of the American
Steamship Line, is dead, She
died, as she lived, on theTAtlantic
ocean, says the Brooklyn Eagle.
Hers was the death of a conscientious mother, for it was trying
to answer the plaintive mewing of
her kittens that she was accidentally killed. The tragedy of the
sea was reported on the arrival of
the liner [Philadelphia at Southampton.
Mary, the best of mothers, had
made a home for her kittens in the
storeroom, and was in the habit of
visiting them by way of a hole in
the saloon deck, which through
passes a lift rope. On the night of
the tragedy Mary was taking a
stroll on deck when she heard the
kittens mewing. She turned back,
crept through the hole���the lift
wsb working and in an instant the
kittens were motherless.
For the rest of the voyage a
steward was deputed to give tbe
kittens a daily supply of milk until the liner reached Southampton.
Cook Prosperous
Begin the Year Right
by wearing one of our
Suits  or Oyercoats
made to your individual measure.
"What a blight little thing!��
exclaimed tbe society woman
patronizingly, cooing at a baby out
for an airing in the park. "Whose
little one ia it?"
"Yours, ma'am," replied the
nurse. "I'm the new nurse.
"Pan the new nurse that came
Dr. Alar den, a practical philosopher, whose message to humanity
is nlways inspiring and uplifting
has written an article, ' 'Purity Is
Power." in the Pictorial Review.
He intends to write a series of
articles for them on the new
woman, her opportunities and the
danger spots in the new era just
beginning for women. We quote
the following:
"There is as strong an affinity between evil things as between good
things. All forms of dissipation
belong to the same family. The
judges in the children's courts tell
as that nearly every boy that goes
wrong begins with smoking cigarettes. Smoking has a much more
demoralizing influence upon a boy
because of his inmaturity than
upon a man. This is especially
true if he learns to ' smoke during
the dangerous years of puberty.,
when he already has all the temptations which he is able to control.
The boy should be shown the
strong probability of being initiated
into all evil things if he is introduced to a single vicious practice.
Alchohol, morphine, cocaine, all
sorts of deadly drugs, all forms of
dissipation, vice and crime go together. Each attract the other.
This is what makes it so difficult
to reform a person when he is
started down-hill. The affinity of
all that is good and pure and clean
tends to pull a man up when he is
going in that direction, when he is
trained with a family of good influences.
A point which most parents
overlook or do not fully appreciate
ia the greater temptations which
are open to the youth after dark,
Somehow the good in us seems to
subside at night, or else it is minimized by the greater magnifying
a id the greater prominence of the
bad iu us, which tends to come out
after dark.
Most of the wickedness of the
world is committed after dark.
A fraction of the frightful expense
in great cities caused by crime, if
expended in lighting up all , the
dark, dismal places of tbe city,
especially *the slums, making the
streets and the alleyways and byways as nearly light as possible,
would diminish crime immensely
and would prove a tremendous investment for the city.
Grime is afraid of light. Bad
people are afraid of light. They
want to get into dark places, out
of sight. Flooding our cities with
light would reduce crime and all
vicious practices tremendously.
When men are doing wrong, they
want to get out of the light into
the dark street, away from the
public gaze, away from the observation of their fellowmen.
A police inspector, in addressing
New York public school graduates,
said, {'I j ust come from the Tombs,
where I closed tbe gate behind a
wealthy murderer. I want to tell
you young men, that ninety-nine
per cent of the crimes today are
caused by evil companions.
"I have known groups of college
boys to go to tbe city at night and
indulge in drunken, vulgar debauches and then hate themselves
for months afterwards. ThiB is
one of the dangers of college life.
Parents should understand this
boy-gang philosophy as a most_per-
nieious thing. Even clean, innocent, beautifully reared children,
who seem so pure that nothing can
contaminate them, are often touched by the leper spots of vicious
contagion when thrown into bad
company, as the soundest and
rosiest of apples soon rot when
kept in contact with other apples
which have began to decay. One
low-lived, impure boy or girl contaminates a whole store, factory
school or neighborhood."
Whit Causes the Spouting of Th��s+
Natural Steam Engines.
Geysers are found In only tire*
places In the world, according to a publication entitled "Geysers" issued by;
the department of the Interior. These
three regions are Iceland, where geysers were first discovered; New Zealand and the Yellowstone National
park, In which these natural steam engines are more numerous and of greater beauty than In the two other areas-
mentioned. In the Yellowstone tbe
geysers are found In detached geyser
basins, or fire holes, as they were
called by the first explorers, and tbe
groups possess individual peculiarities
which give character and interest to
'each, locality. The most noted of these
ibaslns is, however, that known as tbe
Upper Geyser basin of the FLrehole
river, one of the headwaters of the
great Missouri. Tbe whole floor of tbe
[valley i�� fairly riddled with springs oi
boiling water, whose exquisite beauty
la indescribable. Light clouds of
fleecy vapor curl upward from waters
)ct the purest azure or the clearest em-
'erald and, encircling rims of white
marblelike silica, form fit setting foi
Buck great gems. A. large part of the
valley floor la covered with the white
Beposit of silica known as siliceous
sinter, deposited by the overflowing
;hot waters. The weird whiteness
of these areas, the gaunt white
.trunks of pine trees filled by the hot
jwaters, the myriad pools of steaming crystal and the white clouds float-
'ing off from the chimneylike geyser
cones form a scene never to be forgotten by those fortunate enough to behold it
I The Intermittent spouting of geysers
.was long a riddle to scientific men.
jThe theory, which bears the name of
the illustrious chemist Bunsen, Is now
generally accepted. This theory is
���based on the well known fact that the
^boiling point of water rises with the
/pressure and is therefore higher at the,
(Jbottom of a tube of water than at the
surface. In a long and narrow or an
irregular tube ebullition In the lower
���part is only possible at a much higher
temperature than at the top owing to
jthe weight of water column above It.'
If by the continued heating.the lower,
layer of water attains the temperature
at which it can boil steam Is formed,'
Swhose expansive force lifts the superincumbent column of water, causing a
slight overflow at tbe top, which, shortens the column, so that steam Is f :oim-
ed at a higher point and a further Hitting and relief of pressure ensues, followed by an eruption. "���"
p^J i^p^w^QMQI^9^l^94QH^p4^4U*V^49^^^7*9^^*91^^^g^C^^^^^j^A^^^
They Shoot, but Never Steal.
Montenegrins pride themselves on.
the possession of two great virtues���
potriotlsm and honesty. Their lore of
jcountry has been demonstrated In their
history, and their honesty is witnessed
to by their laws. One remarkable law
[of the Black Mountain Kingdom directs that any man finding a purse or
Jewelry upon the road shall place the
eame upon the nearest'stone, so that
the loser will hare only to retrace his
steps to recover his property. That
law Is never violated. A Montenegrin
thinks nothing of shooting a man with
whom he disagrees, but would shrink
In horror from the idea of stealing the
veriest trifle. Montenegrin law Is more
severe upon the thief than the homicide. 	
Ancient and Modern Bathing.
Soap Is really quite a new factor la
the world's life. Most of our ancestors
were filthy and dissembled the fact by
the use of stifling perfumes. Washing
one's hands, which was only done by
the very best people, meant dipping
the fingers In rosewater and drying
them on a napkin. Even the Romans
of the decadence, who were probably
cleaner as a community than any before or since, bathed In water and rubbed themselves with oil. It sounds
nasty to us, but then so does, for example, Chinese music, which millions
Vf human beings think delightful,
Homes Under the Ground,
in the salt district In Cheshire, England, the brine has been pumped so
contumously out of the earthTthat the
land has settled very considerably.
The bouses naturally sink with the
earth, and in some of the streets, is
Northwich only the roofs are visible.
The houses are inhabited, although the
rooms are underground. In a great
many- cases additional stories haye
been added, so that'by living In the
upper rooms the residents may have
some light and air. The roadways sink,
too, but are kept up to the proper level
by the government
Andrew Lang and John Knox.
'Apropos  of Andrew Lang's  "John
Knox and the Reformation" the following appeared after its publication in
Itrltlciam of bis views:
X think when thM twa meet
TObaever's there to see't;
Knox will come on wi' slo a banc
Our freead'll no* be Andrew l**gv
���Westminster Gazette. ~
Medicine  was  introduced   into
Borne from Greece, 200 B.O.
The 8am* Thing.
Fa Twaddles���Well, whafs tha matter now? Tommy Twaddles���Ma Bays
I mustn't never say a word while she's
in the room. Ma Twaddles���Wby, no, I
didn't clear. I said you mustn't Interrupt while I'm talking. Tommy���
Whafs the difference? ��� Cleveland
The Kinder Fate,
She���It was dreadful. He rocked tha'
boat and she was drowned. He���Lucky
girl! She might have escaped and married the Idiot���Boston Transcript
Conscience warns ns as a friend tie.
fort nantohnfl us u ��� Judgey-Staa-
The newspaper that always pleas,
ee all its readers has never been
Tbe Uaitr remedy  for  Coach* ana -CeUa
8bB*b eoeta #o Utflo and dot*  ko orach r*
THE WINDSOR HOTEL is one of the Dest furnished
hotels in the west. It is located in tbe heart of Greenwood and within easy reach of all the financial and
commercial institutions of the Copper Metropolis.
Heated with Steam and Lit by Electricity
Commodious sample rooms. The bar, is replete with
all modern beverages and the meals are the best. Booms
reset ved by telegraph.
Is the homo for all tounstB and
millionaires visiting- New Denver, British Columbia.
A. JACOBSON. Proprietor.
Grand Forks, B.C., is in the centre
of the city, and furnishes the public
with . every accommodation at
reasonable rates.
Kmil 1/UTsen, Proprietor,
Kaslo, B. C��� is a comfortable
home for ali who travel to that
Cockle & PapwoTtn.
Trail, B. C���This, hotel has been
thoroughly renovated. It is heated
by steam, and has hot and cold
water in all rooms. A pleasant
home for all who travel.
Nelson, B.C.
First-class in everything1.
Steam heat, electric light,
private baths. Telephone
in every room. First-class
bar and barber shop.
'Bus meets all trains.
Rock Creek, B. C. This hotel is
situated on historic ground, and
has tasty meals and excellent
T. R. HANSOM, Proprietor.
Nelson, B. C, is run on the American an d European plan. Steam
heated rooms. All white labor.
Special attention paid to dining
t<. >m.
Kwsomo & Campbell, Propg.
Princeton, B.C.. is the .headquarters for miners, investors
and railroad men. A fine location and everything1 first-class
Bridesville, B. C. This hotel is
���within easy reach of all the leading
Boundary towns and the centre oi
a fine farmingjdistrict.
THOMAS   WALSH,   Proprietor.
Princeton, This hotel is new, comfortable
wel 1-furalshed, and is close to the railway
de-pot. Modern accommodation and sample rooms.
SUMMERS & WARDLE, Proprietors
��� Opposite depot. Extensive alter
ations have recently been made
gendering this hotel one of the
most comfortable in the interior.
A. choice selection of liquors and
cigars. New pool room and sample
rooms in connection.
 ,..���,_. Mrs. A. F. KIRBY
Rock Creek, B. C. This is one of
the oldest hotels in the Kettle Valley, Excellent accommodation for
aLl travellers.
S. T. LARSEN, Proprietor.
Dead wood, B. C. This hotel is
within easy distance of Greenwood
and provides a comfortable home
for travellers. The bar has the
' best of wines, liquors and cigars.
..   J AMESJ HENDERSON Pro rleto
PHOBNIX     B.   O,
The Newest and Largest Hotel in
the City. Everything neat, clean
and comfortable. Steam heat and
electric light. Meals and drinks at
all hours.
The Really Best House
in the Boundary.
Recently Remodelled and.
Strictly Up-to-Date.
Restaurant in connection
OWEN, BOYER     -      PROP
One of the largest hotels In
the city.   Beautiful location,
fine rooms and tasty meals.
1 lib
Subscribers are reminded that
The Ledge is a year when
paid in advance. When not so
paid it is $2.50 a year.
Ok fialcyon Sanitarium
Has recently been thoroughly
renovated and re-furnished, and
is now the greatest health resort upon the continent   Natural hot water in baths, 124 degrees of heat A course of baths
at Halcyon will core nervous
and muscular diseases and eliminate rheumatism and uetalic
poisons from the system.   The
water heals liver, kidney and
stomach complaints.   The rates
are fa a day up; or $ia -weekly
up.   Postoffice, express and telegraph offices in connection.
Alkalies as Soda ......       5.91
Magnesia     232.00
Sulphuretted Hydrogen     32.00
: omfiam Boyd, Proprietor,
fiatcyoR, B. ft
1 %
.V-+. s^-ste*
Don't be satisfied with
anything less than an
Edison Phonograph
Throughout the history of sound reproduction Mr. Edison
has blazed the trail. Every important step has been conceived first in his mind. He is the acknowledged master
of acoustics throughout the world. His recent triumph is
the Blue Amberol Record.
It came, after countless experiments, with all its strength of volume, sweetness of quality and lasting endurance. To bring out the
remarkable tone of this. new
record demanded a new reproducer. He invented it���the
Diamond-Point Reproducer.
With it there is none of the annoyance of changing the needle
after each record. The diamond
is as much a part of the phonograph as its beautiful cabinet.
Heir a Blue Amberol���that's all we
ailc. Your Edison dealer will play over
as manv at you like. We are con.
tent to leave the verdict with your e*i.
Edison Amberol* VI
i Cabinet Mahojinyoj Golden Oak. DUmead
i-m         Point Reproduce!; Powerful Spring Motet.
ViSSt^ PUyt Blue Amberol Records
A complete line of Edison Phonographs and Records will be found at
T M. Guiley fc�� Co
The Only Up-to-Date Optical    M^lCra��      R   C
Department in the Interior.    lieiSOU, .   u.  v*.
P. -BURNS & C0.
Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Fish
and Poultry. Shops.in nearly all the
towns oE the Boundary and Kootenay.
is all right if shorn of humbuggery.
Too much water drinking is just
as injurious as too much liquor or
anything else.
are medicinal if not abused.* Every
household should have a moderate
supply of pure wines or liquors in
the closet for emergency���either
unexpected visitors or sudden ill- ,
ness, when a drop of pure liquor
in time may forestall all necessity
for drugs.
Greenwood Dquor Company, importers, Greenwood, B. 0.
SS Leaves Greenwood Daily at 3 p. m. =|
��: Arrives Greenwood Daily at 10 a. m. =3
.       ,  .    ,       PROPRIETOR 3
All signs point to a great
mining revival in B.C. and
particularly in the Greenwood
district. In the vicinity of
Greenwood there are vast
bodies of gold, silver and
copper ores that have not yet
been touched. When they
are Greenwood may become
a second Butte. The Argo is
in good ground, and at any
time may strike a large bodjr
of high grade ore. When it
does Greenwood will be a
��� VM '
Are the Best Clear Havanas In Canada
Made by Union Labor in tke best Hygienic Factory in the country,   Call for
them and get value for joar money instead of rope
WILBERG & WOLZ. Pros. B.C. Clear
Factory. New Westminster. 8. C
Imperator and Kootenay Standard
Cigars.   Made "by
I deal in Second-hand
goods and have the
largest sign in B. C.
II buy or sell anything from a needle
to a carload.
At the Windsor Hotel by
Greenwood & Midway
Leaves'Grreenwood for Spokane
at 8:20 a.m., & for Oroville at 3:10
p. m. Leave orders at Terhone's
Cigar Store.       Charles Rtjsseli,.
CO., I/T'D.
 :���- I
Tfc��y Say Over Thora II la Chaotlo,
and They Seek to Reform It.
A campaign in favor of spelling reform Is to be conducted in London and
the provinces in tlia autumn and winter.
Mr. William Archer, under the auspices of tbe Simplified Spelling society,
Is to conduct a lecturing tour on his re-
turn from the east, and lectures will
also be delivered by many other well
known men throughout the country.
The lectures will advocate the reform
of what they regurd as the present
"chaotic spelling." which they declare
Is so remote from pronunciation that
it Is no guide to the English language
at all and tends to degrade our speech.
The society desires to fix a standard
of pronunciation of tbe English language throughout the empire.
It has been stated that the English
people overseas, particularly in Australia and South Africa, are deviating so
seriously from the general standard of
speech prevailing in the mother country that the time might come when
visitors from these parts of the empire
might fail to make themselves understood in London.
Mr. Tate, director of education in
Melbourne, has suggested several spelling reforms to which effect has been
given la tbe official papers issued by
his department. Discussions have
taken place, and the council of public.
education iu Melbourne is addressing a
letter to the president of the board of
education In London urging upon him,
In the Interest of education, the necessity of a general adoption of a simplified reform of spelling.���London Chronicle.     -
Leaves Mother Lode
9,30 a. m.
6:30 p. m.
Leaves Greenwood
2:00 p.
8:30 p.
Saturday last stage leaves
Mother Lode 6p.m. Returning,
leaves Greenwood 10 p. m
Greenwood Office
jiji jiji jiji jiji jsji jtvmnrs j* j��
NOTICE Is herefcy glyin that application
w 111 be made to the Licence Commissioners of
tbe Citr of Greenwood at Ibe next sittings
thereof for the transfer of. the lkerce for tbe
sale of liquor by retail from Roy ��fc Boyer to
the undersigned for premises known as National Hotel.
Dated this 15th day of December, 1913.
NOTICE Is hereby giyea that application
will be made to tbe Licence Commissioners of
the City ��� of Greenwood at tbe nest sittings
thereof for tbe transfer of the Licence for tbe
sale of liquor by retail from E, J, Cartier to tbe
undersigned for tbe premises known as tbe
Windsor Hotel.
Dated this 15th day of Decem.bei.W13.
Leading Tailor of the Kootenays.
KASLO"    B.  O.
NOTICE is hereby I el��eti| that the
time for the reception of tenders for the construction of wharfs at Victoria Harbour, B.C.,
s extended to Thursday, January, 8,   914.
By order,
Department of Public Works,
Ottawa, December 9,1913.
During the 87 months that Lowery'e
Claim was on earth it did business all
over the world. It was the most
unique, independent and fearless journal ever produced in Canada. Political
and theological enemies pursued it with
the venom of a rattlesnake until the
government shut it out of the mails,
and Its editor ceasad to publish it
partly on account of a lazy liver and
partly because it takes a pile of money
to ran a paper that ia outlawed. Ihere
are still 20 different editions of this condemned journal in print Send 10 cents
and get one or $2 aud getl tbe bunch,
Greenwood, B. O
Enormous Profits Made by Monaco's
Gilded Gambling Den.
As an example of bow much money
Is made in some of the famous gam-
Mug dens of Europe and America tbe
figures of the turnings of tlie most famous gambling place In the world.
Jlonte Carlo, will prove. Interesting.
There are nt least a dozen kings and
princei Id Europe who receive a revenue from Monte Carlo.
The four descendants of the original
concessionaire, Edward Rlnnc, receive
each $4,500,000 u year, Two of them are
princesses. When Prince Roland Bonaparte married Edward Blanc's daugh
ter be received $10,000,000, and Trlnce
George of Greece received the same
Bum when he married thevdaughter of
Roland Bonaparte and Marie Blanc.
The Prince of Monaco's two divorced
vlves, one of whom was Miss Alice
Heine of New Orleans, receive large
annual incomes. The state of Monaco
Is entirely supported by tbe institution.
Its 20,000 citizens being free from any
It also pays the Prince of Monaco
20,000,000 francs a year, supports one
of the Quest opera houses in the world,
a standing army, fifty detectives, whose
duty It Is to persuade would be suicides
to carry out their plans outside of the
Btate, and it provides free funerals and
a cemetery for the unlucky ones who
do-take their lives when they have
Been the wheel of fortune take''their
last cent.
And who is it that supports this
place? Men aud women in equal number from every corner of the world.���
New York Sun.
How Vienna Helps Brides.
. "Lectures For Brides" is the name
of the latest course started by the
Viennese Institution for popular instruction known as the Urania and
Dow advertised all over the city. The
lectures will cover such subjects as
housekeeping, cooking, hygiene, elementary physiology and tbe care of
children. Though mainly intended for
those who are about to be or have just
been married, all girls over seventeen
will be admitted. The course will last
for eight months, tbere being lectures
on two evenings a week. A small fee
Is charged for tbe couTse, but the poor
can obtain tickets free.���Vienna Cor.
London Standard. .
' Italy's First Woman Lawyer.
Slgnorlna (Teresaf Labrlola. the first
woman lawyer in Italy, Is a daughter
of the late Professor Antonio Labrlola,
one of the most versatile and encyclopaedic Intelligences of the last century. Having obtained her degree,
Slgnorlna Labrlola obtained a position
aa professor of law at the Rome university and has entered the ranks of
practicing lawyers through a curious
strategy. The law does not allow women in Italy to practice law, but in
another article it establishes the fact
that a professor of law in the university has tbe right of being Inscribed
mnong the practicing lawyers.
Aired Her Equality.
Introduction of the new reform bill
In Great Britain recalls a story told by
iLady Dorothy Nevill of the passage of
the great reform bill eighty years ago
this Bummer. One morning an elderly
couple peacefully sleeping In their four
poster were rudely awakened by nn
excited maidservant bursting into the
room and shouting, "It's passed, it's
passed!" "What's passed, you fool?"
"The reform bill!" shouted tbe girl.
""We're all equal now." After which
she marched out of the room, leaving
the door open as a sign of her new
equality.���Chicago Mews.
8tudi��s In Criminology.
A. coarse in penal studies was recently Instituted by the University of Mont-
pelller. France. Physicians, publicists,
lawyers, police and court officials were
among those who enrolled for the
tourse. American educators hope that
the Interest in criminology will lead to
something similar la this country.
Pleasant Evening Reveries, A Column Dedicated to
Tired Mothers as they Join the Home Circle at Evening
With what a elaborate argument, perhaps spiced with
some temper, the young-ling- tries to reverse the opinion of
the olding. The sprinkle'of gray on the maternal forehead
is rather an indication to the recent graduate of the female
seminary that the circumstances of today or tonight are
fully appreciated, What a wise boarding school that
would be if the mothers were the pupils and the daughters
the teachers. How well the teens would chaperon the
fifties! Then mothers do not amount to much anyhow.
They are in the way and always asking questions about
postage marks of letters and asking "Who is that Mary
D?" and "Where did you get that ring, Flora?" For
mothers have such unprecedented ineans^of knowing every/
thing. They say ' 'it was a bird in the air'' that told them.
Alas, for that bird in the air! Will not some one lift his
his gun and shoot it? It would take whole libraries to
hold the wisdom which the daughter knows more than the
mother. D "Why cannot I have this? "Why cannot I do
For God's sake make some one happy for ten minutes if
for no longer a time.        o
A young woman bound on such a mission, what might
she not accomplish? Oh, there thousands of the manufacturers of sunshine! They are King's Daughters, whether
inside or outside that delightful organization. They do
more good before they are twenty years of age than selfish
women who live ninety, and they are so happy just because
they make others happy. Compare such a young woman
who feels she has such a' mission with one who lives a
round of vanities, card case in hand, calling on people for
whom she does not care, except for some social advantage
and insufferably bored when the call is returned, and trying to look young after she is old, and living a life of insincerity and hollowness and dramatization and show,
Dandies and fops are like a body without a soul, powder
without ball, lightning without thunderbolt. It is a dress
on a doll, paint on sand. There is much "of this in the
in the world. - We see it in respect to everything considered valuable. . The counterfeiter gives the show of gold
to his base coin, and show the value of his lying banknote.
The thief hangs out the show of honesty on his face, and
the .liar is thunderstruck if any one. suspects him of equivocation. The bankrupt carries about him' the insignia of
wealth. The fop puts on the masquerade of dignity and
importance, and the poor belle, whose mother washes to
buy her plumes, outshines the peeress of the court.
Bank of Montreal
Capital, paid up, $16,000,000        Rest, $16,000,000.
Hon. President: Lord Strathcojja and Mount Roval, G.C.M.G. G.C.V.O.
President: H. V. Meredith, Esq.
General Manager: Sir Frederick Williaais-Ta-j-lor
Branches in London, En��.{&H��"^
Buy and Sell Sterling Exchange and Cable Transfers.    Grant Commercial and
Travellers' Credits, available iit any jwirt of the world.
Greenwood Branch] - C. B. Winter, Mgrr.
Hotpoint Electric Appliances
Mazda Tungsten Lamps
Omni Hvtag��r
LL.D.. D.CL* gwum
AMirtaat Qraaral Mtam&t
CAPITAL, $15,000,000
REST, $12,500,000
Shilom __ ���	
S?��.2"Sd'iw "2* ��   ����� <������ I GmrMI City Yiterufts Company' A. H. MARCON   -   Mtoagi oi Gieewoo! ai4 So* beet Bractes
Issued by Th�� Canadian Bank of Commerce enable the traveller to
provide himaalf with funds -without delay at aaeh point of his journey in
a convenient yet inexpensive manner. They are issued payable ia every
country in the world in denominations ot
$10,   $20,  $50,   $100,  $200
with the exact equivalent in the moneys of the principal countries stated
on the face of each cheque. They are ���conomieal, absolutely safe self-
identifying- aad easily negotiated. ��B
Find Health in a Simple Tonid
How many women do you know
���who are perfectly well, strong and
���healthy as a woman should be? They
may not be sick enough to lie In bed
���but they are run-dovn, thin, nervous,, tired and devitalized.   ,
���Women are so active nowadays,
aad so much is expected of them,
that they constantly overdo and suffer from headache, backache, nervousness and kindred ills.
Such women need Vlnol, our delicious cod liver and iron tonic without oil which will create an appetite,
tone up the digestive organs, make
ptu-e blood and create strength.
Mrs. Walter Price, Biloxi, Miss.,
Bays: "I waa in a run-down condition
for months, I had taken several medicines but they seemed to do me no
good. Finally "Vinol was recommended, and from the first bottle I began
to impreve until I am strong and well
as ever.;"
Try a bottlei of Vinol with the understanding that your money will be
returned if it does not help you.
J. L, White3L Drug'gis^GreTnw^d
E. WJ, WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box Biro8, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper,
$i eac^. Gold-Silver, or St! er-Lead,
$1.50. prices for other metals: Coal,
Cementj Fireclay analyses on application. The largest custom assay office in
British Columbia,
Whjen you want a headstone or
monument write to the Kootenay
Monumental Works, Nelson, B.C
AU   the
latest   methods
in   high-class
Corner Abbott & Hastings Streets.
VANCOUVER,   -   -   -   B.C.
A SITTIN0 of-the County Conrfc of Yale -will
**��� be holden at the Court House, Greenwood,
on Tuesday thenl3th day of January, 1914, at
elevea o'clock in tbe forenoon.
By order, ' ���  ���
Registrar 0.0. of T
���:�� ���   .;.
���? /7PT ���?
your Razors Honed x
and Your Baths at
Float is not a periodical.
It is a book containing 86
illustrations all told, and
is filled with sketches and
stories cA western life. It
tells how a gambler cashed
in after the flush days of
Sandon ; how it rained in
New Denver long after
Noah was dead ; how a
parson took a drink at
Bear Lake in early days ;
how justice was dealt in
Kaslo in '93; how the
saloon man outprayed the
women in Kalamazoo, and
{graphically depicts the
iroamings of a western
'editor among the tender-
feet in the cent belt. It
contains the early history
of Nelson and a romance
of the Silver King mine.
In it are printed three
western poems, and dozens of articles too numerous to mention. Send for
one before it is too late.
The price is 25 cents,
postpaid to any part of the
world; Address all letters to
/?. T. Lowery
Many people fail to accomplish
anything because they try to do
too ranch.
The extreme Bense of perfection
in some men is the greatest obstacle
to their success. THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
|     BOUNDARY USES    |
The Loue Star at Danville is
shipping a carload of ore daily to
the concentrator afe Boundary Falls.
The  Napoleon fs  shipping   two
carloads of ore daily to Greenwood.
i There are 40 men employed at the
mine with Mr.   Longworfch as superintendent.
The Sally mine will ship 300
tous of ore this winter. In order
to determine the best kind of
a mill bo concentrate the low
grade ores of the West Fork
district, a ton of ore will be shipped this month from the Sally, to
the Henry E. Woods Ore Testing
Co. of Denver.
It is reported that work will be
resumed in a short time on the
Bounty Fraction and Duncan properties, the necessary funds having
beeu procured in London, Ontario.
"NV. H. Rainbo is shipping a carload of ore to Trail from the Standard.
The Rambler, near Beaverdell,
owned by F. J. Finticane, W. H.
Earn bo and J. W. Nelson has been
bonded to Kamloops and Vancouver men for $25,000. Eleven
years ago this mine shipped $11, ���
000 worth of ore that assayed from
SS4 to $179 a ton,
The ores of the Boundary district are for the most part low
grade copper ores, carrying from
15 to 24 lbs. of copper and from
75c to 81.50 per ton in gold and
silver. The mining and smelting
of tliese ores can only be successfully carried on on a large scale. If
the gangae of the ores was not of
such a character as to make them
self-flnxing they could not be mined
and treated with a profit by tdia
The Granby company, after
years of hard straggle in itB earlier
days, is now producing 1,250,000
tons oi ore per year, which immense tonnage is handled at a
good profit. Its earnings last year
are quite sufficient to pay back the
money spent on the investment
and interest charges if kept up as
expected. The company, no matter how big, know that mines can-
nob go on forever at that rate, and
they have wisely purchased new
properties and built a new smelter
at Granby Bay on the coast.
The British Columbia Copper
Company has pursued the same
course by buying new property at
Voights camp and has been fortunate enough, to find workable ore
bodies that can bo treated at their
own smelter. British Columbia
can point with pride to these two
'''companies,' that in spite of higher
labor cost than ordinary can show
sheets for mining and treatment
charges comparable with any companies in existence. They have
devised methods of mining, the
glory hole system and the Mother
Lode system, to meets their difficulties and cut down feheir mining
costs and have studied the smelting
end until their costs on that are
down to a minimum. Oniy by
such methods could a company
make nearly a million dollars a
year out of ore of tie grade of
Phoenix camp with copper at an
average price of a little over 15
cents. The immense production
of the district may be realized by
totalling up roughly the ore pro
dnced since 1901.
The Granby company has mined
and smelted 10,515,109 tons of ore
during that period and the British
Columbia Copper company about
4,350,000 tons. These! two companies alone produced over 310,-
000,000 lbs of copper, besides 821,-
529 ozg of gold and 4,841,191 ozs
of silver.
Besides these the Trail smelter
hag handled about 450,00o tons of
ore from the district, and the old
Montreal & Boston, later the Dominion Copper company, now controlled by the British Columbia
Copper company, produced over
642,145   tons,    making    a total
roughly approximating 16,000,000
tons for the district since 1901.
The value of the output varies
from year to year with the price of
copper and silver. This year copper was lower than 1912, therefore
the figures show a decrease on this
account. Other conditions also
change the output, but it should
be, on the whole, fairly steady.���
Nelson News.
!   B. C. MINING NEWS   i
o $
The tremendous strides in the
development and shipment of high
grade silver-lead and copper ores
in the New Hazelton district for
the year just ended have been a
source of great gratification for the
district's real friends, and a vindication of the mining investors faith
as well as giving a comfortable
feeling to ranchers in the Kispiox,
upper Skeena and lower Bulkley
valleys, as the increased payrolls
at the mines means a market for
the ranch produce, and as is generally the case in mining camps, best
of everything and no kicking on
the price.
The New Hazelton district has
done itself proud. Scorned aud
hampered by the Bail way com-
and disregarded by the government
we close the year by offering the
Grand Trunk Pacific twelve-hundred tons of Silver-lead from the
Silver Standard and seventy five
tons from the Harris Mines Ltd.,
the first big tonnage to start moving bo the smelters from this district, and probably the forerunner
of more revenue earning traffic on
ore, machinery and mining supplies
than will be offered the G.T.P. in
the future at any point on its new
transcontinental line. Had tbe
government opened up the wagon
road to the new high level bridge
across the Halwilgeb canyon this
ore would have been moved much
sooner and the cost of movement
probably reduced about one half.
However, in the light of recent
events it appears that this district
will get proper recognition in the
A tribute must be paid to the
owners and operators of the various
mining properties who have steadily plugged ahead in spite of the delays by the railway, excessive
freight charges, bad roads and the
uncertainty of labor.
The district is forbanate in having attracted such men as  J. W.
Stewart, P. "Welsh, D. McLeod, A..
L.   McHugh,   R. P.   Trimble of
Portland, O. B. Wallace of Wallace
Idaho, P. J. Jennings and John A.
Finch, of  Spokune, Oppenheimer
& Binnard, of Butte, W. S., Al. and
Hugh Harris, Dr.  Wriach, F.   C.
McKinnon,   W.  J.    Lackworthy,
and others of New Hazelton, with
their capital and mining experience
or their energy  and their brains,
who    have   battled   undauntedly
againBt a combination oE odds, opposition and vicissitudes rarely visited upon even in the ''Hard Luck"
camps of Bret Harte amd Mark
Twain.   It speaks volumes for the
vitality of New Hazelton mines and
is a remarkable exposition of the
true value of our resources.   Well,
we're over the "hump" |now and
have entered the shipping class and
from the appearance of tbe train
sheet it looks like there  wont be
aay extra list, as the Silver Standard intends to build a concentrator Bhortly, the Harris Mines will
increase their force at once to open
up No, 1 and P. J.   Jennings  intends to start  the Highland Boy
immediately on his   return from
Butte.   At  this  rate  there  will
probably be 100 miners working on
six properties before February and
there will no doubt be three  hundred working before the summer is
over.���J.   A.   Biley in  Omineca
under  construction   will  give   an.
output of 2,000 tons a clay  and   ib
is proposed to still further increase
it to 5,000 tons a  clay.    The output  of the  mine  is about IS,000
tons a month and  development is
steadily  placing ore in  sight,   iu
addition to the million tons developed up to the end of last year.
The increase in holdings is shown
by the files of the office of the mining recorder at Vancouver,   where
some eighty new claims and fractions are recorded as having been
purchased or located by agents of
the company.   The metallurgical
work is not beaten in copper ores
anywhere, the extraction amounted
to 94 per cent, of the values, as
against 55 per cent,  formerly extracted from the  cherty   ore  on
which development was originally
done.    The favorable result is due
to the discovery of a new ore body
in which the conditions are ideal
for  the Mineral Separation Company's   process   adopted   at   the
It is stated that the company
has bonded the Bank of Vancouver group from Joseph Salter, and
has a force of men on development
and surveys, while extensions of
the group have also been located.
When the contemplated improvements are carried out the Britannia
Mine will be one of tbe world's
largest copper mines. It is already
making a profit on the quantity of
ore treated of about $1,250,000 a
year. When the plant now under
construction is completed these
profits should increase to $3,500,-
000 a year, assuming the present
values are maintained; and on a
similar assumption the mine should
earn profits from $8,000,000 to
$9,000,000 a year when the 5,000-
ton installation is completed. The
new manager, J. W. D. Moodie, is
adopted a most progressive policy,
in which we wish him all success
for such extensive plans means attracting the attention of the
world's capital in the most forcible
manner to the mineral resources of
British Columbia.���Mining Bec-
g SMITH'S        SMITHS SMITH'S        SMITH'S g
��= Crockery going at reduced prices. ||
E�� See our show windows,   Someone is going to get the ____2
__i iifst choice���why not you. ^z
�� When you think of Groceries or Meats g
S~ It is natural to think of Smith's, That is the time to go ~S
zz to the telephone and call either twentyvfive or twenty- =3
��~ one,   Don't forget. .      ~j
t~ It will be well worth your time to watch oor show _���*
���� windows each day ^
g It means money in your pocket |f
����: We liave the famous Universal food choppers and coffee percolators. ������
�����_ Their satisfaction is absolutely guaranteed. ~S
2�� See our BIG BEN clocks 111 the trass finish. The same price but nmc_ Cg
�����_ nicer looking.   It is a real pleasure to have one of these clocks awaken you. ^5
9*y __ . . .   -y*
y $1,95 HATS���good assortment���good stock. Is the best opportunity to ^j
J��_ get a good hat at a low price that you ever will have. __*
IL.A. Smith&Col
B SMITH'S        SMITH'S        SMITH'S        SMITH'S 3
The Britannia Mining _and
Smelting Company continues to extend its plant and holdings on
Hove   Sound,    The new   plant
Surgeon to a Tiger
When one of the tigers in the
zoological gardens, Dublin, web
threatened with gangrene in itfa
paw, the Rev. Samuel Haughfcou,
M. D,, undertook to perform the
dangerous experiment of operating
on the animal.
It was indeed a thrilling experience, as related in the Westminster Gazette. The mate of the
tiger was first secured in a side
den. A net, devised by Professor
Haughton, was thrown over the
tiger, and he was drawn forward
to the door of the cage. Four
stout keepers then held the feet of
the struggling animal, while Professor Haughton cut away the
diseased claw.
The suffering beast furiously but
vainly tried to get at him during
the operation, but the rage of
the tigress looking on through
the bars of the Bide den was
much more terrible to behold.
She roared, and violently flung
herself against the barriers in her
mad desire to go to the rescue of
her mate.
When the tigress was admitted
to the cage after the wound of her
mate had been dressed, she turned
up the paw and examined it with
touching solicitude, and then licked her mate, aa a cat licks her
kittens, to soothe him, purring
softly the while.
But perhaps tne most extraordinary part,of the affair was the
sequel. A week later Professor
Haughton was again at the zoo to
see how his patient was getting on.
When tbe animal espied him, he
began to purr like a cat, allowed
him to examine the paw, and
seemed pleased that he should do
so." Indeed, for years afterward
the tiger and tigress showed them
selves mtKft friendly and grateful
to Professor Haughton,
Greenwood Poultry and Pet Stock Show
Over 400 Entries.  Grand Exhibit.
Winter Carnival Postponed Owing to Mild Weather.
Never in the history of Greenwood, not in fact in the history of
.he Boundary country has there
been a grander or better display of
poultry and pet stock than exhibited at. the 2nd annual show on Wednesday and Thursday of this week.
Everybody saw something to please,
something to learn and something
to be proud of. Greenwood might
well feel proud of its show for there
were bires from Spokane, Nelson,
Cascade, Colville, Kaslo, Phoenix,
Mother Lode, Boundary ��� Falls,
Anaconda, Greenwood and other
places, making in all over 400
entries and a better showing of
pure breed fowls has never been
exhibited in the district. Crowds
kept pouring into the exhibition
hall all clay and remarks were
heard on all Bides of tbe fine stock
and of the careful and attentive
manner   iu    which   things    were
The brick building in which the
exhibition was held was comfortably warm and the birds did not
suffer irom their trip. Those in
charge of the exhibition left nothing
undone to make the show a success
and from the president down all
put their shoulders _to tbe wheel,
and it is due to their untiring
energies coupled 'with the enthusiasm of the citizens and interest
taken by tbe exhibitors, that everything went along so smoothly.
All the penB were well represented everyone of the classes having
competition and so keen was the
contest that it wa? hard to decide
upon the prize winners.
The carnival of winter sports
had to* be postponed owing to the
mild weather and although many
were disappointed still the education and pleasure they received at
the Poultry Show did in a large
measure compensate them. The
raising, breeding and marketing of
poultry is an important question
in this district and every farmer of
the district is taking a keen interest in this branch of husbandry.
At a late hour the judge. Will
Purdy had not arrived from San
Francisco, therefore, we are unable
to give a list of the winners, but
next week we wilL give's, full account of the prize winners.
The largest Empire in the world
is that of Great Britain, being
8,557,65$ square miles, more than
a sixth of the globe.
Industry pays debts.
Little strokes fell great oaks.
Since thou are not so sure of a
minute do not throw an hour
Plumber f
# |
and Tinner 1
"���������-���"���T��� I
1! am prepared to ex^ $
ecute   all   orders   for
plvmbiflg and tinsmith*'
Lag ��n city or country.
Coal was used as fuel in England
as early as 852, and in 1234, tbe
first charter to dig it was granted
by Henry III, to inhabitants of
The largest university is Oxford.
in England. It consists of twenty-
one colleges and five halls.
Land Retristry Act
umbla, more particularly- _ki
us A.U tbe right title and i��U
TAKE NOTICE that in application hasten
made to register Thom.a.s- H. Greevy as the
owner t�� Fee Simple, under a Tax Sale Deed
from the Assessor and Corrector* of tbe Kettle
River Assessment District to Thomas U.
Greevy, bearing date tlic 23st day of November,
A.D. 1912, of all and singular that certain parcel or tract of land and premises situate, lying
and being In the ; SiiiiJllcameeu Division
of Ya.le District in the pro-v-nce of British fol-
Inowa and described
terest 1c said mineral cl j 1m alienated by the Crown \>y Uie grant
of the mineral claim described as follows.: Situate I n the Mining Division, of Greenwood, tot
Number 760, containing Sl,.8._acres, and. liiwa
as the "I,en-on"
You and those claiming though or tinder
you and all persons claiming any Interest in
the said land by virtue of any unregistered Instrument: and ail persona -claiming aisy interest In tie said land by descent, whose .title is
not registered under the provisions of the
"Land Registry Act," are required to contest
the claim of the tax purchaser within thirty
days from date of the service of this notice
upon you, and in default or a caveat or certificate of lis pendens being Sled within such period, or in defanlf of redemption b fore registration, you and each of J you, will be forever
estopped and debarred Irom setting up any
claim to or In respect of the said land, and I
shall register the said Thomas H. Greevy as
owner thereof in  fee.
Dated at the land Registry ��� Office Kamloops.
Province of British Columbia, this 24th day of
December, A.D. 1913.
land Registrar
To the Iremon Gold Mining; Company of British
Columbia, (foreignJ, I>lnce Id, Neb.
fienry BirKs $ Sons
Thank their many out of town customers for their
splendid patronage during the past year.
Looking backward from the threshold of 1914,
we cannot but congratulate ourselves in the
splendid increase in our out-of-town business
during 1913, Therefore, on account of the
staunch support and this display of confidence
in our service, we must thank our many out^of'
town friends for their patronage during the
past year, We do not claim that our service is
perfect beyond mistakes, for where so many
hands are employed small errors in despatching
orders are bound to oceur, These, however,
when brought to our notice, are rectified with
the utmost haste and care( while we are partia.'
lar that our customer shall suffer no loss,
We trust that each of our customers shall
interpret this message as directed to them personally,
To all we send sincere wishes for a Happy New Year.
Geo. E Trorey, Man, Dir. VANCOUVER, B, C
| St airfield's Underwear.        1
| Bell's Shoes I
I Mallory Hats ���  .1
|  P. W. GEORGE <Sc C��. I
H     COPPER STREET        ,       GREENWOOD, B. C, ��� =f
Star Theatre
New Year's Night
Program changed Tuesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays.
Contractor and Builder
Doors, Windows, Sash.
All kinds of carpenter workneatly done.
Box 127     -     -   -     Greenwood.
Received the highest award
at Chicago World's Fair
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations.
f^OAL, mining riglrts of tbe Dominion,
^^ in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years at an annual rental of
%x an acre. Not more than 2,560 acres
will be leased to one applicant
Application for a lease mast be made
by the applicant in person to the Agent
or Sub-Agent of the district in. -which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant liiinself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of I5 which will T>e refunded if
the rights applied for are not available
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the "mine shall
furnish the Agent with s-worn returns
accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty
thereon: If the coal mining rights are
not being operated, such returns should
be furnished at least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the
rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Depart
ment of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Iyands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.B.���Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be paid for.
The newspapers in Greenwood, Phoenix and Grand Forks have adopted the
following scale for legal advertising:
Application   for   Liquor   Licence
(30 days) $5.oo.
Certificate of Improvement Notice
(60 days) 17.50
Application to Purchase Land Notices (60 days) $7.50
Delinquent Co-owner Notices (90
days) $10.00
Water Notices (small) $7-S��
All other legal advertising, 32 cents a
ine, single column, for the first inser-
ioo; and S cents a line for each subsequent insertion. Nonpariel measurement
�� Employ thy time well if thou
meanest to gain leisure!
Notary Public,
Land and Mining Agent
Mining Recorder's Office.
Corporation of tbe City of Greenwood
PUBLIC NOTICE is liercly given to the
���electors of the Municipality of the City of
Qreenwood, that I require the presence of the
said electors in the City Halt in the City of
Greenwood on the 12th day of January, 1914, at
32 o'��loelt noon, - for - the purpose' of olecthis"
ji��isoi_9 to represent them in tbe Municipal
Council ��_3 Mayor and Aldermen, and. for ttie
purpose of eleoting two persons-is School Trus-
.M* for tbe Greenwood City School District.
The mode of nomination of candidates shall
3)�� ���� follows: ���
TJh�� candidates shall he nominated in -writing ; tlie writing shall be subscribed by two
roter* o>f the municipality as proposer and
seconder, and shall be delivered to the Returning Officer at any time between the date of tbe
notice and 2 D.m. of tbe day of the nomination
and In the event of a poll beini. necessary, such
poll will le opened on the lStlt day of January,
A.Tf. 1014, between the hours of 9 a.m. and 7
p.m. at the said City Office, of which every person is hereby required to take notice and govern himself accordingly.
Tha persons qualified to be nominated for
and elected as Mayor of the City shall be such
persons as are male British subjects of the full
ageof tw��fily-onc years, and are not disqualified under any law, and have been for the six
Dioiitlis next preceding the day of nomination
Uio- registered owner, in the Land Registry
Office, of real, property In the city of the assessed value on the last municipal assessment
roll of One Thousand Dollars or more; over and
above* any registered judgment or charge and
w.io are otherwise duly qualified as municipal
The persons qualified to be nominated for and
elected ��3 Aldermen of said City, shall be such
persons as are male British subjects of the full
age of twenty one years, and are not disqualified nnder any law. and have been for ah. months
next preceding the day of nomination the registered owner, in tbe Land Begiatry Office, of
land or real property in the city of the assessed
value, on the last Municipal Assessment roll of
five hundred dollars or more over and above
a.ny registered judgement or charge, and who*
a.re otherwise duly qualified u municipal
Tbe- persons qualified to be nominated for
ojtd elected as Schoel Trustees of said city shall
to any person being a British subject of the
fall age of twenty one_jears andlhavluglbeen for
the sit moaths next preceding the date of
Tuvmltta-tlott the registered owner, in* the I<and
Registry office, of Land or Real Property in the
city scftool district of the assessed value, on
the last assessment rill, of five hundred dollars
or more cter and above any registered jud_r*
meat or charge, and being otherwise qualified
to -rote at an election of School Trustees In the
sal* school district shall be eligible to be elected or to serve as a school trastee in such city
school district.
Given nmder my hand at Oreenwooc. ibis 1st
day of fxaaxry, A.D. 1914.
Betuming Officer.
To promise, to the honest man
means, to do.
Trouble springs   from  idleness
audi gtievonf   toil from needleeq


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