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The Greenwood Ledge Sep 13, 1928

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 .Provincial Library
VOL. Ill
No. 7
The City Council met in regular session on Tuesday evening Mayor Gulley
occupying the chair and present were
Aldermen Peterson, Lofstad, Taylor,
Forshaw and Smith."
Committees of all departments.made
their monthy reports covering work
done and outlining future needs some
of which could not be approved owing
to the cost exceeding the appropriations made, for the year.
Completion of repairs to the Dead-
wood St. bridge was announced and
further work on the approaches has
been generously promised by Messrs.
Forshaw and V. Luznor who are the
chief users of the bridge. A contribution of twenty 'dollars towards cost of
bridge repairs from V. Luznor .was gratefully acknowledged by the.Council. _
It was decided to re-deck the Louisa
Street bridge, Aid. Forshaw being
instructed to purchase the .necessary
The Fire Department, reported an
outbreak of bush fire on the outskirts
of the city and the" prompt and efficient
work of the volunteer department assisted by the Provincial Forestry men
saved nearby residences from being
destroyed. Splendid water * pressure
was available, the mains from Twin
"Creek reservoir furnishing an ample
supply.    ' * -
���- Considerable'"trouble on the lighting
system has been encountered- since an
electrical storm iri .July "and a. bad
break of power is still to be located.
Under the-direction of Mr. A. Legault
it is hoped that the work of tracing
tins expensive leak will soon be finished.
Instructions were given to the city
clerk to send a final notice to delinquent
householders for light and water who
have noj; responded to the last appeal.
It was decided to ask the Battleford
Realty Co. to speed up completion of
_the transaction ratified by the Trustee
regarding transfer of their holdings.
The large chicken house belonging
and at the rear of the dwelling occupied by Mr. and Mrs. H. T. Newmarch
and family, was gutted by fire on Saturday afternoon. The flames were first
noticed at about 1:30 q'clock in the
bush south "of the building, by W..H.
Bryan, who immediately gave, the
alarm. In a few minutes the flariies
spread to the chicken house and to the
orchard on the "north side of the dwelling. The volunteer fire brigade" was
soon at the scene and when a powerful stream of water was played on the
burning building the danger of the fire
spreading to the dwelling was passed;
Prior to the arrival of the brigade
water from a lawn hose kept the sparks
from doing damage to the back part of
the dwelling near, the blaze. A spark
set the shingles on fire on the roof "near
the front part of the house, but this
was reached "by water from the large
J. Frost, Forest Ranger, of Kettle
Valley, had -the fire controlled on the
hillside by putting a guard around it.
The brigade and other willing workers are to be commended for their excellent work" in keeping the fire from
spreading to nearby residences.
The' burned building had galvanized sheeting on the roof and sides" and
this kept the flames from jumping to
the dwelling.     . i
> The  building  was  owned  by  Mrs.
Chas. King
,W. Abel appeared before S. B. Hamilton, S.M., at the Greenwood Court
House on Tuesday afternoon,'charged
under sub-sec. E of .section 238 of the
criminal code. He was fined $10 and
Werner -Preetzman*-appeared before
S. B. Hamilton at the Court House on
Wednesday afternoon, and was fined
$25 and costs for not' complying with
his fire permit regulations.
The following are extracts from 1928-
" 29 Game regulations:   -
,   Game Birds ���
Grouse  (Blue' only), in the'Eastern
District, in that portion thereof known
as the Grand Forks-Greenwood. Electoral District and that portion of ihe
Similkameen'Electoral District situate
and lying to the east'of Allison Creek,
'. the South Similkameen River, and the
Pasayten River, open season from Sept-
��� ember 15th, 1928, to October 15th,1928,
both dates inclusive.
Ducks- (except Wood and Eider
Ducks), Wilson Snipe, Copts, Geese,
"liner" Br��n1t7^tlSougHoutTtHe~Eastern
District, open season from September
15th, 1928, to December 31st, 1928, both
dates inclusive.- Provided that shooting
of the migratory game birds referred
to herein shall not commence before the
hour of 7 a.m. ori September 15th, 1928.
Quail) in the Eastern District, in that
portion thereof known as the Electoral
Distritcs of Similkameen and South
Districts, of Similkameen and South
Okanagan, open season' from October
15th, -1928, to November 15th, 1928,
sboth dates inclusive.
Big Game.
In respect of big game throughout
the Province as defined in the "Game
,  Act," no person shall anywhere in the
Eastern District kill or take or have
in their possession during the open
season more  than two Deer,  all of
which must be"of the male sex; and in
the Western District kill or take or
have in their possession during  the
open season, anywhere in the Province,
moro than one Grizzly Bear and three
Bear of any other species.
Bag Limits
Grouse (Blue only):   Daily bag limit,
5; total bag limit, 25.
Quail (except Bob-White and Mountain Quail):   Daily bag limit, 10; total
, bag limit 50.
Throughout   the   Province.���Ducks:
. Daily bag limit, 20; total bag limit, 150.
Geese:   Daily bag limit, 10; total bag
limit, 50. -
Brant:'- Daily bag limit, 10; total bag
- limit, 50.
Wilson Snipe:   Daily bag limit, 25;
total bag limit, 150.       .
Coots:   Daily bag limit, 25; total bag
* limit, 150.
Band-tailed Pigeons: Daily .bag
limit, 10; total bag limit, 50.
Every person shall, upon the request
of any Constable or Game Warden,
furnish satisfactory proof to him of the
,   locality and dates on which, any game
' was by him killed or taken;
Provided-that there shall be-a close
season on Willow-grouse in the Eastern
and Western Districts.
The Kettle River and South Okan-
agan^Pioneer Society will'-hold-.a'reunion in the Midway Hotel, Midway on
Saturday, Sept.. ,15th.'' Business meeting is called for 7 p.m. to be1 followed
by a banquet. All residents of the district prior to Dec. 31st, 1904, are eligible
to be present. It is hoped there will be
a large attendance. Those intending
to be present are asked to notify the
Secretary, A. Roberts, Kettle Valley, as
soon as possible.
War was declared on the fraudelent-
mining promoter Saturday by Hon. W.
A. McKenzie, minister of mines, says a
Victoria report. In; a letter to every
mining engineer of his department, Mr.
McKenzie issued the emphatic instru-
tions that every possible step must be
taken to save British Columbia investors from fake mining schemes. His
entire support and that of the government will be thrown behind engineers
of the department in curbing wildcat
operations which fatten on the present
wave of investment in British Columbia
mines, Mr. McKenzie declared.
"The mining laws of this province, as
designed to prevent fraudulent mining
operations, will be enforced to the limit,"
Mr. McKenzie declared. "At no time
have such measures been so necessary
as thy are' now, on account of the
present activity in the mining industry."
"Interest in -British Columbia is
greater now than at any time in our
history," Mr. McKenzie said in his
letter to his officials. "I am of the
opinion that if this great activity is to
continue, if the industry is to be kept
on a sound and. healthy basis, if a free
flow qf capital from outside as well as
from resident investors is to be maintained it is necessary that nothing be
left undone in the endeavour to.restrict
the activities of all but those who are
engaged in legitimate mining development."  -
Tidewater Go.
Copper Mines
Brooklyn,   Stemwinder   and   Rawhide
Are Well Known Properties; Work   ���
To Commence October 1st
��� A deal of considerable interest to
Greenwood' citizens was consummated
at Phoenix this -week when R. G.
Mellin, M.E., 'representing the Tidewater Co., owners ,* of' ihe smelter at
Ladysmitli, Vancouver Island, gave a
working bond on several well known
Phoenix copper mines.' Thc properties
taken- are the Brooklyn, Standard,
Stemwinder, Rawhide, Montezuma and
New York owned by'R. Forshaw, and
the Cimeron by A.' Sercu. The Bank
of England, Bullion and Timer have
also been acquired. _ Thc purchase
prices1 are said to be substantial and
monthly payments will start on October
1st, the same time when work will commence. ' -'' '���.
Mr. Mellin is remaining in Phoenix
for a short time and is examining other
properties.   ���
-'The Boundary'district is attracting
many mining men.' The latest party to
arrive - is from 'Victoria and they are
"examining properties _ in the Triple
Lake section on the Main Kettle River.
P. B. Freeland, government resident
mining engineer, is also in that district.
On Monday, Sept. 10th, W. H. Bryan
sold his 2-3 interest in the Greenwood
Grocery business to his partner, Miss
A. Bryan. The business will be carried
on under the same name with Geo! A.
Bryan as manager. W. H. Bryan will
leave next week for'the Coast, but has
not decided where he will locate.
J. PECK MacSWAIN  j.    ' -
J. Peck MacSwain, formerly a resident of the Boundary and the Kootenays, but now located at Stewart with
the'Stewart News, celebrated his 63rd
birthday by sticking type at the News
office. Peck is one of the few remaining old time comps, having worked in
Greenwood, Phoenix, Grand Forks,
Princeton, Cranbrook, Golden, Briscoe,
Fernie, Moyie in the early days, when
all the papers were hand-set and when
the dead line was 1000 ems an hour or
His birthday card is novel in'" design. Written on a piece of heavy mill
board is this inscription:
"Tempus Fugils"
J. Peck MacSwain 63 today.
Tempus certainly does fugi.t.   But I am
going to keep right on flying with it.
August 26.
Stewart, B.C.
Thc writer is planning' to attend the
British Columbia and Yukon Press
Association Convention in Kamloops on
Sept 21st and 22nd and in order to do
this The Greenwood Ledge will be
printed on Wednesday morning, Sept.
19th, to enable us to catch the afternoon train to reach Kamloops in time.
Correspondents arc kindly asked to
have all news reach this office not later
than Tuesday afternoon's mail.
Mr. and Mrs. Eric'Jackson of Trail,
ar,e visiting relatives in the district this
Miss Annie Thomet returned this
week from Seattle and other Coast
Mr. and Mrs. S. T. Hull, of Grand
Forks, were the guests of Mrs. W. C.
Salmon last Sunday. They returned
with Mrs. W. Smith.
A very successful Garden Party was
held last Saturday at the home of Mrs.
W. Salmon. The gardens were a riot
of color with late summer flowers. Rev.
A. Walker and Mrs. R. D. Kerr gave
very interesting talks: on the Bible
Society, for which the party was planned. The gratifying sum of $24.00 was
A very pleasant time was spent at
the home of Rev. and Mrs. A. Walker,
Greenwood, ori Tuesday afternoon,
when the Midway Ladies Aid met there
for their monthly meeting. After the
usual routine business a delightful tea
was served and a vote of thanks passed
to Mrs. Walker for her kindness in
entertaining the-Midway ladies.'
Mrs. Kirk and daughter,- Muriel, of
Summerland, are the guests of Mr. and
Mrs. H. T. Letts.
Mrs. Reid and two daughters, of Victoria, are visiting Mr. and Mrs. Ellis
Reid for a few days.
Miss Margaret" Davidson returned
home on Sunday from Oliver,"' where
she has been for the past two months.
. Paul Bourgeois who has been visiting at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Joe
Dumont, returned to Nelson on Sunday.
The following is an extract from a
letter written by Miss Kate Scott,
Church School ��� Worker, Seventh-Day
Advehtists, to her mother,. Mrs. Viola
Scott'at'Midway:   ".���-- ������"-������
,. Mussoorie, India, July 26, 1928.
"The rain is coming down in torrents
outside. We never know what is going
to happen within the next fifteen
minutes except that it may rain, in
fact is very likely to. But the hours
when it is clear; and we seem to get a
few each day, are simply beautiful.
The atmosphere is remarkably clear,
and we can see for miles over the Doon.
The beauty is beyond description. The
cloTTd~~ effects, too; are wonderful?
Nearly every morning and evening we
are looking down on a veritable sea of
foamy white billows. They catch and
reflect the sun's rays gorgeously.
The hills are very green now. Things
just pop up" over night. Every tree and
rock and bank has a coat of dark green
velvet moss. And from every imaginable crevice dainty ferns of' various
kinds protude gracefully. Flowers are
beginning to be more plentiful. Lillies
of different kinds and colors grow from
the rocks. Soon the4 dahlias will be
coming, so they say. ,
It is all so��wild and rugged. The
beauty that you see you can not get at.
For that reason, perhaps, I do not love
it as I do our own at home. I still believe there is no prettier place in the
world than our own Northwest."
A Clerical Error
A clergyman who had given up his
former position as a magistrate in
order to enter the church, was conducting his first marriage service.
"Wilt thou have this man to be thy
wedded husband?" he asked' the bride.
The bride answered promptly: "I
"And you," he continued, addressing
the bridegroom, "what have you to say
in your defense?"
W. B. Fleming, F. J. White and R.
Williamson attended a Social held
under the auspices of the Conservative
Association in Grand Forks on Tuesday
evening and report having had a very
enjoyable time.
Victoria.���Representatives in favor
of separating the provincial game administration from the provincial police
are pouring into the attorney-general's
department. Hon. Mr. Pooley is" studying the whole situation with a view
to the general remodelling" of the game
laws, and this plan undoubtedly will be
given serious consideration.
Mr. Pooley is much concerned over
the disappearance of grouse in many
parts of the province. He feels that
this requires strong measures to preserve the finest game bird British
Columbia has. Domestic cats, released
by .their owners and lapsing back to
their wild' state are responsible for the
destruction of enormous numbers of
grouse, M. Prooley said. He is considering means of curbing these losses
Poor Speller
Professor (to student): "Mr. Holstein,
spell banana."
Student: "B-a-n-a-n-a-n-a-n*-a. I
know how to spell it, but I don't know
when to stop."
Told in Cores From All Parts of World;
Show Colorful History of Mines
Mrs, Harold Lockwood and son, Billy,
of Penticton, are the guests of Mr. and
Mrs. S. B. Hamilton.
Mr. and Mrs. H. W. R. Moore, of
Princeton, were in town on ^Thursday
en route home from a visit to Trail.
Mrs. Ellen Hallett returned on Saturday morning from a few days visit
with Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Rendell in
R. J. Mellin, teller in the Bank of
Commerce, has resigned his position,
and will leave on Saturday for Vancouver where he will enter the British
Columbia University'. - Mr. Mellin is
succeeded by G. C. Miller, of Creston,
who arrived here on Wednesday.
Had to Examine Her Notes
"What was the name of the hotel
you stopped at in Denver, dear?"
Oh! I can't remember the name.
Just a second and I'll look through my
Abie.���Vot is the idea of raising the
price of gasoline all de time?
" Garage Man.���What  do  you care?
You have't got a car.
Abie.���No, but I got a cigar lighter,
Drs. Gordon and Colin McLaren left
on Thursday morning for their home in
California after spending the summer
at Deadwood. They were accompanied
by their parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. McLaren and sister, Beatrice, who will remain in the South for a few weeks visit.
Jack Allison, of New Westminster,
stopped off between trains on Monday
and Tuesday to look over the scenes of
his boyhood days in Greenwood. Jack
is a lawyer and also an alderman in
the Coast city and was on his way to
attend the Union of British Columbia
Municipalities Convention in Trail this
week. He was warmly greeted by the
old timers here.
(The Manitoba Miner)
"Among all the appliances used in
the mining industry, there is perhaps
none of more widespread human interest than the diamond -drill. To the
layman in mining matters, the drill
and its work are ever mysterious; while
even to the ordinary, practical miner,
there is something uncanny about the
method. To the experienced mining
engineer, the 'words "Diamond Drill"
bring recollections of pioneering days,
of life in the wilderness or on the
frontier, perhaps in foreign lands, of
the' discovery of deposits of coal or of
ore, which has since become famous
A collection of diamond drill cores
suggest picture of romance, excitement���often hardship. Here are short,
fat, coal cores from the New i River
District in West Virginia; from Illinois,
and Indiana, many of them; from
Colorado and New Mexico.' Next, there
is a core of solid rock salt from Louisiana; a smooth, thin core of limestone
from Bisbee, Ariz., 3,200 ft. below the
surface, cores, of jasper and taconite
from. Lake Superior, in which a foot a
day was good drilling. Next, then a
lump of native copper which the drilling, located in opening a rich mining
Deep on the Rand
Here is an old diamond bit with the
stones cut out, and" tagged with the
information that it was the last bit in
a hole 6,340 ft. deep on the Rand in ���
South Africa. These pencil-like cores
were made-with a "Plugged" bit in-
prospecting for lead in Southeast Missouri. Oil. sand cores are here from
Mexico, and Oklahoma, with the crevices in them from which the oil seeped when they were withdrawn. Here's
a section of 6-in. core from an oil prospect in Montana, and next to it a
smaller section of smooth sandstone
brought'in by a drill foreman returning from China.
American expert diamond drill runners have many a story of their ventures: of the fever-ridden West African
gold; coast.-.-not .so. far-south of the
scenes of Trader Horn's Adventures,
"In the Earlies"; of working stripped
to the waist in heat and in .a constant '
flow of water in the depths of a
Mexican silver mine; of hauling a.drill
up a glacier, and'cutting a station 40
ft. in the- ice to prospect there for a
mine; of looking for copper or gold'on
the Siberian Steppes with the thermometer at 60 degrees below zero, or "
hunting iron and coal in Central India
lieve the humdrum existence of the
diamond settler.
Invented in 1850
- Back in the 50's the French engineer,
L. Schot is credited with inventing the
diamond drilling process.' In the late
60's M. C. Bullock and-others began to
develop diamond prospecting drills on
this side of the water, and quarrying
machines set with diamond heads were
used, beginning with that period, in
the Vermont and New York marble
quarries. A diamond drill was on exhibit at the Centennial Exposition in .
Philadelphia in 1876. Albert Ball, chief
engineer of the Sullivan Machine Co.,
of Claremont, H.' H., was the inventor
of the hydraulic feed for diamond drills,
and numerous other devices and attachments. About 1880 some of these
drills were sent to the Lake Superior
iron ore ranges. Two of these machines
were purchased by the White Breast
Fuel Co., of Ottumwa, Iowa, and used
by them for coal prospecting.
The demand for diamond drills grew
rapidly. They were taken abroad by
American mining engineers, and were
shipped to practically all corners of
the world where mining operations are
carried on. By their use, capitalists on
Wall Street, and bankers in Paris and
London could learn, in a' short time,
with safety, whether mineral prospects
in the Ural Mountains, in-the Malay
Peninsula, in the Andes, in Australia,
China or Abyssina, were of sufficient
value to warrant devopment. On
these findings hinged the financing and
successful growth* of some- of the
world's largest and-best known mining
operations.' The diamonds themselves
contribute to the interest and romance >
attached to this type of prospecting
Diamonds from Brazil
The Carbonados or miners' diamonds,
as they" are called, are found, as every
mining man knows, in one limited district in Brazil, and are mined in and
adjacent to the beds of streams by
methods similiar to those used in Placer
gold workings. The Casalho, or diamond bearing gravel is washed in pans,
and the diamonds or carbons thus
sorted out. They look like gravel, and
are non-crystaline in structure. The
generally accepted theory it that they
have the same ancestry, geologically,
as gem diamonds, but have not progressed so far in their development.
(Continued on Page 2) PAGE TWO
The Greenwood Ledge
Published every Thursday at
Greenwood, B.C.
Editor and Proprietor
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Delinquent Co-Owner Notices... $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices.    7.00
Estray Notices  ���   3.00
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(When more than one claim appears
in notice, $5.00 for each additional
claim. ���'__ ��� "
All other legal advertising.; 16 cents
a line first insertion, and 12 cents a
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Business locals 12V2c a line each insertion.   '������
No letter to the editor will be inserted except over the proper signature and address of the writer. This
rule admits of no exceptions.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be
pleased to have more money.
(Continued from Page  1).
At all events, they are the ��� hardest
known substance, and when set in the
steel bit of the diamond drill, will cut
any rock or other material encountered. The size in which they are found
ranges from tiny fragments up ��� to
stones weighing a considerate number of carats. Stones over three or
four carats in weight are split up" into
cubical shapes for setting in the bits.
Prices of diamonds haye ranged from
$15 or $20 a carat in the 80's up to $12:j
to $175 per carat at present.
(The following paragraphs are
abstracted from reminiscences of the
late Joseph S. Mitchell, at his death
manager of the Diamond Drill Department of the Sullivan Machinery
"No chapter in the history of mineral prospecting and development is
more interesting or more romantic than
that of the Rand mines in the Transvaal
of South Africa; arid not the least important part in this romance was that
played by the diamond core drill.
Turned Down Transvaal
"Back in the 80's when rumours of
gold in South Africa began to float
about, many prospectors and miners
made the long trek by ox 'wagon to
the. Transvaal to look the ground over
Some shook their heads and turned
their backs on it; others stayed on in
the hope of finding richer ore.
"The location.was 1,000 miles from
miles from Europe, the source of supplies, all of which meant a heavy outlay before any return could be had. It
was not a poor man's camp and there
was no certainty that it would be a
success as a rich man's camp.
"The first mines, the Pioneer," Bonanza, Bobinson, Ferreira, Crown Reef,
and others, working on the richest ore,
quickly established the fact that it, was
a profitable undertaking. While these
mines were getting under way,. and the
town of Johannesburg ' was growing
around them, prospectors;were at work
on the strike of the outcrop east and
west of the camp. This exploration
work proved that values diminished
both east and west of the first workings.
The Witwatersrand
"In the vicinity of what is now
Johannesburg the reef outcrops on a
ridge of the Witwatersrand (a Boer
word, meaning White Water's Range).
The strike of the 'reef was east and
west, dipping to the south about 45
degrees. The reef itself is a con-
- glomerate consisting of water-worn
quartz pebbles averaging about the
size of a pigeon's egg embedded in
consolidated sedimentary deposits. The
gold occurs in the matrix, the pebbles
showing no values, indicating that the
gold was deposited at the time the conglomerate was formed or later by solutions. ������..������
"In the early days, mining men generally held the opinion that when the
limits of free milling ore were reached
at water level'the* reef would pinch out
entirely or the refractory ore below
would be barren. About this time- Mr.
John Hays Hammond, who was not so
well known then as now, arrived at
Johannesburg and began a ��� careful
study of the geology. His conclusions
were that the possibilities of the reef
; continuing with values to depth warranted an extensive campaign of pros-
: pecting. He succeeded in interesting
capital in his theory, with the result
that the Rand Mines Co., was formed
and took up immense tracts of land on
the dip.
Core Drilling the Reef
"Many jot the mining engineers
brought to the Rand to develop the
properties were Americans, and they
quickly realized the problem" could be
solved only with diamond drills. It
was ten thousand miles to Claremont,
N. H., the home of the diamond drill,
but it was not long before drills arid
experienced drill crews were on their
way to the neAv field. After the first
few holes were drilled the value of this
type of drill in proving unerringly the
depth, thickness and 'Value of-the reef
was demonstrated beyond a doubt.
From that time the diamond drill took
up the task of prospecting and developing the greatest gold fields and
greatest mining camp the world has
ever,, known. The work of the drills
was "progressive, the further afield they
went the more they opened up. It
mattered not whether the outcrop was
covered by surface deposits or lost,
or faulting changed the position; thc
drills" picked up the reef, then moved
along.plotting it out and tracing.it unerringly. When these drill records
were on the table engineers never hesitated to proceed with development' and
installation of equipment, running into millions of dollars.
"Prior to the opening of the South
African gold fields very little deep diamond drilling had been done. Anything
beyond 1,000 ft. was considered very
deep ancl drills had been designed for
drilling moderate depths. After the
outcrop properties on the Rand had
been prospected, drills were started on
the deep level properties immediately
below the" boundaries of the outcrop
properties. This called for 3,000 ft.
which considerably overloaded the machines then on the ground; but this
was not the end. It was now proposed
to drill on the second'line of deep
levels or.what was known as the deep
deeps. This required borings 4,000 to
5,000 ft. in depth, and Sullivan engineers were called upon to design a
drill'for handling a line of rods weighing 10'to. 12 tons.  :; ,
Could Not Wait
"The writer recalls an old bewhisker-
ed Boer, a veteran of the war, riding
up to the drill about the time the drill-
man began hoisting : rods. He asked
permission to remain and see the thing
that did the cutting come out of the
hole. His reqiiest'was granted and. he
sat on his horse- waiting.. The rods
were.;being pulled in,50-ft. lengths at
the rate of one length about every two
minutes. He watched the proceedings
for an hour, then began to get fidgety
but hung on. At the end of.the second
hour his eyes began-to-stick out. At
the end of the.third hour he muttered
in Boer a quotation from the Bible and
started home.. Until out of sight across
the veldt he kept looking back and the
rods were still coming, out. His description of diamond drilling to: the
folks-at home must have been interesting..   ..  ���'' "       .;...' '.'��� '
"During the Boer War, ��� one pf thc
first deep holes at the Turf Club, which
eventually went to a depth of 5,202 ft.,
was interrupted by military operations;
The type 'K' heavy duty diamond drill
was practically dismantled and left on
the ground. The hole was plugged,
with about 2,000 ft. of rods hanging in
it. At the conclusion, of the war, .the
contractors, Edward Chester & Co., reassembled the drill and renewed drilling operations without difficulty. The
rods were found to, be intact, and in
good order, and the holes had not caved
or suffered other damage." ,
Rand Worked 300 Drills .
- Over 300 diamond drills were employed in the development of the Rand
gold__campJn_a period of a few years.
Fifteen or 20 years later, mariy~dfills
were shipped from Chicago to the Belgian Congo and are still in use, assisting in the. development of the great
copper mines of Katanga. In 1925 and
1926 diamond drills were found making
borings in the vicinity of pre-historic
native copper and gold workings on
the Divide Country between the'Nile
and the Congo,, hundreds of miles
southeast of Khartoum.
At the present time, Canada is perhaps the scene of greatest prospecting
activity in which the diamond drill
bears a part. At Rouyn, the new copper camp in Western Quebec, diamond
drilling campaigns have helped to locate profitable ore bodies, and are used
most scientifically to, secure accurate
information as soon as surface trenching has indicated possibilities. On
Osisko Lake, a hole 2,500 ft. deep was
completed last summer. This work-
was started on ice in the winter, and
continued on piles driven. when the
ice went out. Light gasoline engine
driven rigs are favored for much of
this surface work.
Many Uses Shown
Engineers use the diamond drills for
test boring work upon the sites of proposed bridges, dams, reservoirs,- clocks,
etc., the cores indicating the degree of
solidity of the rock. The much discussed Boulder Dam location on the Colorado: River between 'Nevada and
Arizona'. was selected with diamond
drills liiounted on floating scows by
which lines of holes were drilled in .the
bed of the stream in Boulder Canyon.
An entire, chapter could?be, written
on the clever, methods "and devices
which necessity has' developed to,get
the' diamond; drill hole in and the core
out intact. As an instrument of precision the diamond drill takes first rank
among prospecting and exploring methods in every Branch' of the mineral
industry."        ��� ..-,-..
An old-time country storekeeper
notes a marked decline in the demand
for goods that .were* once considered
staples. He, complains that "Ten years
ago we carried gloves by the gross,
straw hats by the hundred, and overalls
piled to our chins to outfit the army
that came to work in harvest. In this
day of machinery there's mighty few
men to supply with such stuff, and the
only red handkerchief i sold this
season was nailed on the end of a truck
for a danger flag."���Vancouver Province/' '  :
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box L1108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
$1.00 each. Gold-Silver S1.50. Silver-
Lead ��2.00. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
These charges made only when cash is
sent with sample. Charges for other
metals, etc., on application.
Duill "from designs oi'ig'inatcd in the motive'power department of the
Canadian PaciiMc Railway, the" 3100 [e'the largest, passenger locomotive in the British Empire and the most powerful. Canadian workmen turned lvi-i' out of Angus Shops, a graceful mechanism nearly one
hundred feel long, with a tractive effort of (iO.SOO pounds equal to 3,885
horse power. Thu-use of Canadian nickle steel parts has reduced its .weight
tc- 42,400 pounds, but tiie high ratio of tractive power to weight is a
nota'd'.'. t'oaLure of tho new engine. The boil-er pressure, 275 pounds, is
the highest of any locomotive in Canada. The eight drive wheels have
a diameter ol' 75 inches and Lhe cast nickle steel cylinders are-25Vs
inches hy 30 inch-as. The length over all of the new Canadian Pacific,
engine is 97 feet 5 ;nchas. ��� Two have been built at present for the
Toronto-Montreal run. ' ������
Vacant unreserved, surveyed Crown
lands may be pre-empted by.British
subjects over 18-years of age, and by
aliens on declaring intention to become British subjects, conditional
upon residence, - occupation, and improvement for agricultural purposes.
Full information concerning relations regarding pre-emptions is given
in Bulletin No. 1. Land Series. "How
to Pre-empt, Land," copies of which
can be obtained free of charge by addressing the Department of Lands,
toria, B. C, or to any Government
Agent. '
Records will be - granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural purposes, and which is not timberland,
i.e., c:.rrying.over 8,000 board.feet per.
acre west of the Coast Range and
5,000 feet per acre east of that Range..
Applications for pre-emptions are to
be addressed to the Land Commissioner of the Land Recording Division, in
which the land applied for is situated,
and are made on printed, forms, copies
of which can be obtained, from the.
Land Commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be occupied for
five years and improvements* made to
the value of S10 per. acre, including
clearing and cultivating at least Ave
'acres, before a Crown Grant can be.
For' more detailed Information see
the Bulletin "How to Pre-empt Land."
We can supply your needs In
Letterheads, Statements,
Billheads, Envelopes,
Prices Reasonable
Orders Promptly Attended lo
enwood Ledge Office
Subscribe to The Greenwood Led&e
. Applications are received for pur--
chase of vacant and unreserved Crown >
Lands, not being timberland, for agricultural purposes: minimum price for
first-class (arable) land ls $5 per
acre. Further information regarding
purchase or lease of Crown Lands is
given in Bulletin No. 10. Land Series.
"Purchase and Lease of Crown Lands."
Mill, factory, or industrial sites" on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or leased, the conditions including payment' of stump-
Unsurveyed areas not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as hornesites, conditional upon a dwelling being erected
in the first year, title being obtainable
after residence and Improvement conditions are fulfilled, and land has been
For grazing and Industrial purposes
areas not exceeding 640 acres may be
leased by one person or a company.
Under the Grazing Act the Province ���
is divided into grazing districts and the '
range administered under a Grazing1
Commissioner.   Annual    grazing permits  are  issued  based  on  numbers
ranged, priority given to established
owr.crs.  Stock owners may form asso-
"ciations for range, management. Free,
or partly free, permits are available
for settlers, campers and travellers, up
to ten head.
The Mineral Province of Western panada
--���'���..-.- .   : "    ' -      -. ���''��� ���- . ��'       ' ���      "". [' "\ ��������������� ��� li     '".AX '""������.'.
N .".. '���'-'-...-'. '- ' ' ' *
. Has produced Minerals as follows:' Placer Gold, $78,174,795;,Lode Gold, $130,651,919; Silver, $86,689,046;
Lead, $121,850,734; Copper, $221,501,079; Zinc, $59,508,692; Coal, $271,294,668; Structural Materials and
Miscellaneous Minerals, $53,502,301; making its mineral production to the end of 1927 show an
Aggregate Value of' $1,04^,837,828
Production for the year ending December, 1927, $60,729,358
The Mining Laws of this Province are more liberal and the fees lower than those of any other Province in the Dominion, or any colony in the British Empire.
Mineral locations are granted to discoverers for nominal fees. N
Absolute Titles are obtained by developing such properties, the security of which is guaranteed by
Crown grants.   ���
Full information, together with Mining Reports and Maps, may be obtained, gratis, by addressing:
VICTORIA, British Columbia.
N. B.���Practically all British Columbia Mineral Properties upon which development work has been
done are described in some one of the Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines. Those considering
mining investments should refer to such reports.. They are available without charge on application
to the Department of Mines, Victoria, B. C. Reports of the Geological Survey1 of Canada," Winch
Building, Vancouver, are recommended as valuable sources of Information.
Reports covering each of the Six Mineral Survey Districts are published separately,'and.are available on application. ..,,..'���'"'
��*���>��� n ��� II Hill
Tli:; '������'- -,( rc-nvt; i? ;;.- _-__n\{S
of the :...cr:*.ai o.iaiiy known Trail-
RldoM -if the Can-id!:*** Ruckles are
the ilirao dau/itsM of Ramsav
.MiicDo'.-.:\!cl. ro:-mer pier.-ier of
Great Britain. They rode from th?
Chateau La'ie Louise io l.aKe Agnes
to qualify  i'o." membership
.One of tha y'.i��cp :\ir.c!iors 'of the
Coaldale dislr'r* ���:.- at present in the
Crow's Nest Pass where ii* is running a large flock of sheep on summer range. This id the first year
that an independent rancher has
moved sheey to thc mountains for
the summer and the experiment is
being watched with a good deal of
The- first of a new series of
engines, has left thc Angus shops
of the Canadian Pacific Railway
and will shortly enter passenger
service b.tweeu Montreal and Toronto. It is the largest passenger
locomotive in the British Empire,
97 feet in length, weighing 424,-
,000 pounds, and has eight great
driving wheels 6 feet,three inches
in diameter. It is an entirely
Canadian-product, designed by Canadian Pacific engineers.
Fifteen flying clubs have been
formed in Canada since May when
,,the Government's plan to encourage civil aviation was put into
effect, while application for two
more clubs are at present being
considered by the Air Board. Over
one hundred Moth planes are ia
use throughout Canada, Air Board
officials stated. Ila*"f of these are
.privately owned. More than one
hundred members of the clubs are
solo fliers.   *
. A resolution petitioning the Canadian Daily" Newspaper Association
to hold its 11)29 convention in the
Maritime Provinces was passed at
the Mid-summer meeting of the
Ontario Provincial Daily Newspaper
'Association held on board the Canadian Pacific ship "Keewatin" en
route from-Port McNichol to Sault
Ste. Marie. F. H. Leslie, president
of the association, referred in his
speech to the ardent wish of the
members for a matter acquaintance with the Maritimes.
The world wide service proclaimed by the Canadian Pacific Railway
will be further improved with the
establishment of a new hotel by the
Company in London," England.
So great a traffic of Canadian and
American travellers between this
continent and England has been
built up by Canadian Pacific Steam-
>ships; that the construction of a
new hotel in the heart of the Empire has been considered for'some
time. And now that the 1200 room
Royal York is well un-Ier way the
���project has been taken into hand.
Operations-should start next year.
Recently it was'decided that fish
are sensitive.   Now it is discovered
_that_they_are_patriotic Some_sal^_
mon in New 3run wick who were
caught anci carefully transported
alive overlanc to the foot of a fish
ladder leading Into a river draining
American territory refused utterly
to leave their native waters. As
soon as they were released into the
wate , according to a report received by the General Tourist Department of the Canadian Pacific Railway, they beat a hasty retreat
down the St. John river to the point
where they were caught and
ascended another tributary rising
in New Brunswick.
PAGE THREE     7y'^f
In response to numerous queries
that have come in to him from motion
picture fans all over the world, Edward
Small, of Asher, Small & Rogers, producers of "The Gorilla," the mystery-
comedy sensation which is playing Saturday, September 18th at the Greenwood Theatre here, announces that a
real, bona-flde, nine-foot apeman
actually appeared in the title.'role as
seen on the screen. He tipped the scales at 400 lbs., Mr. Small stated. In one
of the scenes he is shown carrying
Alice Day, the petite leading lady, from
room to. room of a house. He also
carries Charlie Murray, the chief
Charlie Murray and Fred Kelsey
appear in the roles of two trick detectives, known as Mulligan and Garrity
whose efforts to capture the huge ape-
man are anything but jwhat correspondence school policemen do.
"The Gorilla," as a stage play,' was
the sensation of Broadway. Eight road
shows toured the country for two solid
years, and then a company played
i Europe for a year. Now it has been
made into a motion picture by First
National Pictures.
"The baby looks just like its father."
"Yes, they are taking it to see a specialist,"
Greenwood & District Hospital
Visiting Hoars:
2 to 4 p.m.; 7 to 9 p.m.
DRITISH Columbia's Power resources are the envy of the world.  With Power, the
���J-* riches of the world can be won; with Power, ores can be mined ... smelted; transportation problems solved; manufacturing industries developed, and with them*
population ... .pay-rolls. Power is British Columbia's strongest bid for more industries
... more people. _
Of the millions of horsepower available in our
province, but half a million arc now-harnessed to turn
the wheels of industry. The greet hydro-electric development at Bridge River will ultimately generate more than
600,000 horsepower, while the output at Bonnington
Falls and other points is being steadily increased. The
Campbell and' Chilko Rivers, on the mainland, and
the Nimpkish on Vancouver Island, are capable of
tremendous power development,for tho conversion of
our forest and mineral resources into fabulous wealth.
Two of British Columbia's Electric Power systems
are among the greatest in Canada,  each generating'
more than 400,000,000  kilowart hours "in  1927.  This
represents an increase in the last ten years of 98%."..
truly a remarkable achievement!
Foreign authorities speak of this record as a measure
of the great vitality of British Columbia.
Today we rank third in power and industrial development among Canadian provinces. We have made greater
progress per capita than any!
It is the policy of British Columbia to foster the
development of the hydro-electric powers for the benefit
of the, public. They are allotted to private enterprises
on condition that they will bc developed within a certain
time, so that no exploitation of public assets may take
place.     -
Millions of dollars are now earmarked for Power
development in our province. Dams are being built,
turbines installed . . . transmission lines erected to care
for the imminent industrial development.
Thousands of dollars are being expended weekly on'
materials and wages; thousands are feeling the immediate benefits of this enterprise.
Side by side with our power development, Industrial
Expansion has kept pace. Today 17% of Canada's external
trade is handled by British Columbia. During the past
decade, our basic industries have increased 101.3%.
Our total payroll, including all classes, is estimated at
Fishing industries employ 72,517 people, paying them
175 million dollars in wages . . . distributing an average
wage ranking among the highest in Canada.
These 175 millions in wages arc a great contribution
to our annual internal trade in the province. They
have given our industrial workers a buying power ranking
second in the Dominion and have largely been responsible
for our ever increasing prosperity, as evidenced by the
fact that the number of automobiles registered in the
province last year was 76,187 as compared with 8,596
in 1916. ,���
British Columbia's steady and varied industrial
development has changed the conception in Eastern
Canada and the United States of our province. No longer
are we entirely dependent on the East for our manufactured products. British Columbia ia increasingly
furnishing her own needs. She now ranks third in the
whole Dominion as a manufacturing province.
Our.phenomenal Power and Industrial growth has
focused the attention of the great industrialists and*
investors on our province. Today, British Columbia in
the eyes of the world, stands for Power, Progress and
Plenty. May our efforts of the next ten years stabilize
and increase our Prosperity!
Read these announcements and understand your province's 1
progress ... clip them out aud send them to friends. If you
desire extra copies of these announcements a note to this
newspaper will bring them. Advertise your Province!
B.C Jl. 228
Contractor and Builder
Get my prices on
on walls finished, and save money
Box 332 Grand Forks. B.C.
Harry Armson, Grand Forks
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed
We pay postage one way.  Terms cash
Tlie Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada. Limited
. Office, Smelting and Refining Department
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
Producers, of Gold, Silver, Copper, Pig Lead and Zinc
E)    ������       ���<���������:   ......       - ..     |
| Of Local Interest g
'__. ar,
Leo Madden has returned to town
from Allenby.
Edward Johnson left on Sunday for
Victoria, where he will attend Normal
School.    .
��� i- ��� ��� /
Members of the Greenwood and District Rod and Gun Club are requested
to notify the Secretary, Beaven Gane
at Kettle Valley, on or before Sept.
22nd, of their intention to attend the
Annual Banquet on Friday, Sept. 28th.
Mrs. J. Ryan has returned to Nelson,
after a few days visit with Mr. and Mrs.
A. Sater.
The Greenwood Ladies Aid will meet
at the Manse at 2:30 p.m. on Tuesday,
Sept. 18ch.
H. T. Newmarch, manager of the
Canadians Bank of Commerce, was in
Nelson on Monday.
Also some Furniture For Sale
Apply to
W. H. BRYAN, Greenwood.
���|'TT��'fTT��T'��'*,/V'fV'{' ���������������������* VWV
Ladies and Gents
Miss Rosie Bombini left on Saturday
morning for Vancouver, where she will
attend High School.
The United Church of Canada
Minister in Charge, Greenwood.
Bridesville, 11 a.m.
" Midway, 3 p..m.     '
Greenwood, 7:30 p.m. '
With Temple Air-Chrome Speaker
has been appointed distributor for Greenwood
See and hear this wonderful instrument.    INow on Display.
A. Coy, agent for the Graham-Paige
car, with headquarters in Penticton,
was in town on Thursday last
Overalls, Work Shirts,
Bootsand Shoes,
Work Socks and Taney
Dress Socks,
Bath Towels, Pillow Slips
Bathing Suits
Call and inspect Our Stock
Ellen Trounson's Store
A AAA. ��*****A,*t,*^*AAAAAA
|-the   partnership   heretofor   subsisting1
t��/!vc t w oiovi. ov,/i o��� -a,���.f����� ��* between us, the undersigned, and trad-
Mis. J. W. Claik and son, Burton, of, ing as tne ��Greenwood Grocery" in the
St. John s, N.B., formerly of Green- \ city of Greenwood, B.C., has this day
wood,   have   taken   up   residence   in, been dissolved by mutual consent.
Grand Forks.
School Supplies
Exercise Books, Pens, Pencils, Etc
W. D. Smith, Dentist, of Grand
Forks, will be at his office in the
District Hospital, Greenwood, ,on Sunday, September 16th.
Ronald Kibble, of Nottingham, Eng.,
arrived in town on Friday and is residing with the Floyd' Bros, at then-
ranch on the Eholt road.
Miss Virginia Campolieto left oh Saturday morning to visit Mr. and Mrs.
Joe Ricci in Vancouver Mr. Ricci is a
cousin of Miss Campolieto.'
_DATED at Greenwood, B.C., this
10th day of September, 1928.
It's a Hair-raiser!
Are Now Arriving
For quality and value order from
Phone 46
John Kerr and George Morrison were
in town the first-of-the-week en "route
���home to Beaverdell from a motor trip
to Portland, Seattle and Vancouver.
Jack Frost, Forest Ranger, discovered
a fire uva log jam on the Kettle River
near Rhone last week and had great
difficulty in  extinguishing the blaze.
fvwvvvwvwwwyrsrww j-<tw v vrv irwvw vv vv v wvw-wrir*
Fruit Jars, Economy, Mason and Schram Tops,
Rubber Rings, Etc.
All this Season's Stock
Archie Aberdeen was in town for a
few days this week en "route home from
a holiday: in -Vancouver, Princeton and
Penticton. Archie is looking as young
as ever.
Miss R. E. Boyd, matron, and Miss H.
Hibbard, nurse, of the staff of the .District Hospital, have resigned their positions and left for Calgary on Tuesday,
Sept. 10th. Mrs. H. W. Gregory, R. N.,
is at present in charge of the Hospital
as matron.
Phone 17
M, D. Hamilton, superintendent of
Pacific Coast Branches of the Canadian Bank of Commerce, with headquarters in Vancouver, paid an official
visit to the local branch of the bank j
on Wednesday.
headquarters for
Boundary Mining and Travelling Men
First Class Accommodation
Hot and Cold Water        *      Every Convenience
Robt. Williamson of Penticton, was
the guest of Mr..and Mrs. R. William-
"son~foir~a��� few~days���this-week.���On
Wednesday he motored Mr. and Mrs.
Williamson to Trail where they ..spent a
few hours 'with,*their. son, Thomas;
Guests at the Pacific Hotel during
the week: L. Roberts, James W.
Hober, Calgary; R. Crowe Swords, Vancouver; John Butticci, J. D. Morrison,
Beaverdell; W. W. Moore, Nelson;, H. S;
Chapman, Mazama; D. B. Buchanan,
F. O. Petterson,. Westbridge, Jas. Kerr,
Mort Gernay, Penticton; Archie Aberdeen, Bridesville; John Allison, New
Westminster; G. T. Rogers, .Fairview;
Mr. and Mrs. Havelock, Anaconda,
Montana; G. C. Miller, Creston.
Charles King
Real Estate & Insurance Agent
announces that he has -completed   arrangements   with   a.
First-class Brokerage Firm
to handle -all orders for . the.
purchase and sale of
Government, Municipal, Public
Utility  and   Industrial  Bonds
Stock and Bond buying on the
installment plan is sound arid
Purchase and Sale of
Mining: Shares
Prompt and" careful attention
given to all enquiries
-   X
To those who contemplate
Wedding Presents or Gifts
for their friends
Let us remind you that we can
���supply you cheaper than you
can buy from Catalogue
'  Let us have your
Watch and Clock Repairs
We always do a first-class job
"���      A. A. WHITER
Watchmaker  and  Jeweler
F. J. White, Mgr.     .
But the Child's Life
���Was -Saved-by-the--
Also Alice Day���Tully Marshall-
Claude Gilliingwater.
Drug Store in Connection
Greenwood iVIeat Market
Under New Management
We Solicit Your Patronage
Strictly Cash
JOHN MEYER -       >   - Proprietor
Mr. and Mrs. Walter^ Gilchrest, arid
daughter, of Berkeley,, Cal., and Mr.
and Mrs. G. N. Gilchrest, of Nelson,
motored over from the latter place and
were the guests of Mr. arid Mrs. J. Reid
on Wednesday evening. The party left
on Thursday morning for the South,
Mr. and Mrs. Gilchrest accompanying
their son, Walter, as far as Portland,
Oregon, before returning to their home
in Nelson.' Mr. Gilchrest, Sr., is an
old timer of the Boundary and made
many trips to Greenwood in the early
days when he was representing the
Singer' Sewing Machine Co.
Greenwood Theatre
Commencing at 8:15 p.m.
Adults 50c.      Children 25c
Coming! Coming!
Saturday, September 22nd
Richard Barthelmess   in
"The Drop Kick"
.!*���_-AAA AAAAi
See our New Lot of
Priced from $7.75 up in all weights and colors
Our Stock of
is also--complete
We sell
They are the best in the long run*
H>.t^|��--^'i'/"1 AA J- /.it. AAAam.
A Dance will be held in Riverside
Hall, Rock Creek, on Friday, Sept. 21st.
Bush's orchestra will be in attendance.
A good time guaranteed.
Remember the Card Party and Social
in the Old School House on Tuesday,
September 18.
The Ladies Aid will hold their
Annual Bazaar in the Old School
House oh Saturday, October 27th.
Save Time, Money and Expense
Invest in a New
John Deere or McCormick
Mower and
The youngster, making its
way about the .house,' had
come upon a strange and
attractive bottle. Unseen
by its mother, it removed
the stopper and drank a por- ,
tion of the contents. Poison!
In a moment the mbther had
found the child. Quick! To
the telephone.
The cry for help sped
over ..the'.', wires to a doctor.
He hurried to thc scene, administered quick relief, and
the infant was saved.
Once more the telephone had proved its value
lis a friend in time of cmer-.
gency. :,
Place your orders for your repairs now
Midway   and   Rock Creek
There will be a reunion of the above
Society on Sept. 15th, 1928 at Midwayj
B.C. All residents of the district prioij
to Dec. 31st, 1904, are eligible to join
Business meeting at 7 p.m. to be followed by a banquet at the Midwaj
Those intending to attend pleasf
notify the Secretary.
A.- ROBERTS, Secretary,
Kettle Valley, B.C|
Apples picked from 50c in your owrj
box. Falls 25c. Strawberries 10c a box)
T. A. CLARK, Midway.


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