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The Greenwood Ledge Jan 24, 1929

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 Provincial   Library   li
No. 2(>
Pattullo Chosen
Will Lead Opposition in Legislature-
Hoh. Dr.- J. H. King Appeals for
Complete Support   '
Hon. T. D. Pattullo was elected house
leader in Vancouver on Monday.
- Mr. Pattullo-s.appointment was made
by the executive of British Columbia
Liberal Association., today on .the
motion of Hon. Ian MacKenzie,.M.L.A.
for Noren Vancouver, seconded by Hon,
A. M. Manson, M.L.A., lor Omineca..
, Tne execucive appomced a committee
of six to meet a committee from members eiect wno had conferred on "Saturday. .    ,.
, Tnose committees returned and reported.that Mr. Pattullo was their unanimous cnoicer Adouc 80 attended the
��� eAeouuve, meeting.
A vote of- conridence was expressed
in Premier Mackenzie King ahd in
Hon. Dr. J. H. King as representative
from British Columoia in the federal
camnet.    *    * -
Following Mr. Pattullo's appointment,
the executive of the party in session
concentrated its'attention on organization, plans and*in this connection a
resolution, - constituting a new department in organization principle -was
moved by J. W. Deb Farris.
' Appeals For Support
Addressing approximately 80 members of the executive at a banquet on
Monday night, Hon. J. H. King appealed for, unanimous support of the
Liberal party, both Dominion and Provincial. ��� -
"Canada-cannot be secondary to any
unit within the empire," Dr. King said,
"We must.indicate our position to thc
nations of the world. This empire will
be the greatest contributing factor in
world politics."
The newly appointed house leader
congratulated the executive officials on
the harmony of thc day's meeting. He
paid special tribute to the work of the
., _Mrs. Mary. Ellen Smith, the president,
aisb'spbke,'as'did others."-' ""     ' " ",:
The death occurred at the* .Grand
Forks Hospital on Monday afternoon,
January 21st, of Mrs.- Jessie Clara
Crawford beloved wife of.Isaac Crawford of Cascade.
The late Mrsi Crawford was born in
New Brunswick and was aged 61 years
"and 7 months. For over 30 years" she
-was'a resident of British'Columbia, living at Sandon, Phoenix, Greenwood,'
Rock Creek, Carmi and latterly at Cascade.'
1 The. heart of Greenwood has been
deeply-moved by the heavy'sorrow of
the highly esteemed'family. ,She had
,endeared herself to all who.knew her,
being home-loving patient and kindly.
There are left to mourn, the husband arid1 father, and Mrs. W. G. Kennedy of .Trail and Mrs. T.- W Clarke of
Beaverdell, the 'surviving daughters.'
- To them the sincerest sympathy of
a host of friends in* the Boundary: is
The funeral will be held in Grand
Forks this afternoon at 2 p.m.
Bruce Opens
B. C." Legislature
British  .Traditions -Are   Observed   by
. Lieutenant-Governor���J. W  Jones
��� is Sneaker
Miss Gladys Brereton was a visitor in
Greenwood over the week-end.
The November-December essay contests conducted by the Canadian For-,
estry Association answered in no.uncertain terms the question:. Is "Forest
and Outdoors" being used in the
classroom? _ _  .-  .. _7 .
' The contest subjects were based on
subject matter which appeared in the
fall numbers of the magazine and the
knowledge displayed by the children
who participated in the contest showed
the thoroughness of the instruction
given'by the school teachers,
As'iri previous contests, the school
teachers themselves participated in
judging the essays; in that- only the
best essays written were submitted.
Every essay received was certified by
the teacher in charge to be the work of
the pupil.
_ The directors and officers of the
Canadian Forestry "Association wish to
express their appreciation of the cooperation of the teachers in making
this contest a success,
The British Columbia prize winners
First���Arthur Eastham, Vancouver,
B.C., Queen Mary School, H. F. Crate,
Second���Charles Warrington, Beaverdell, B.C., Beaverdell School, Wm.
Farrenholtz, teacher.
Third���Mavis Eastham (age 10),
Vancouver, B.C., Queen Mary School,
Helen Creelman, teacher.
Provincial elections commissioners ap-
" pointed for the Grand Forks - Greenwood electoral district, numbering 41,
accor-ding to the current issue of the
British Columbia Gazette,- are as 'follows:
C. W. Clark, Edgar .Bailey, J. D.
Campbell,-H. C. Kerman, T. A. Love,
- Dr. C. M. Kingston, C. A. S. Atwood, P.
Mattida, S. Dinsmore," -A. F. Crowe,
Walter Ronald, E. V. ,.de Lautour,
Grand Forks; I. Crawford, Cascade; O.
Tambellini, Fife; W. B. Fleming, A. J.
Morrison, Mrs. R. Williamson, Robert
Lee, F. J. White, Charles Nichols,
Greenwood; M. W*. Ludlow, Eholt;- F.
v Roberts, John Zurfluh, Midway; J. H.
Bruce,' Capt. S. A. H. Brew, Edward
Richter, Kettle Valley; Gerald P._ Harpur,' R. C. Johnston, H. Brown, Rock
Creek; Arthur Mellor, Harold A. Tanner, Westbridge; Mrs. Jeanne Clark,
'R. D. McKenzie, T. E. Crowe, Duncan
Mcintosh, Beaverdell; A. R. Barwick,
David Blythe, W.-A. Brown, Bridesville; J. P. Gachain, Carmi; D. B.
Merry, Paulson; and JA C. Boltz,
Boundary Falls.
Another old-timer of Greenwood, in
ihe person of Mrs. Margaret Stevens
R. N. of Wellirigtori Lodge, wife of Mr.
R. K. Stevens passed away at Chatham
House Hospital," Vancouver, "on Tuesday,
January 15th.
Mrs. 'Stevens was a native of Edinburgh. She came to Canada and to
Winnipeg in 1886, and entered the
Winnipeg General Hospital, froni which
she obtained the degree of' R.N. In
1900' she was married to Mr. R. K\
Stevens in Nelson.* Shortly afterwards
they moved to Greenwood where they
resided for- ten years and removed to
Vancouver. -
The funeral was held in Vancouver
on Thursday, January, 17th, - Services
being held in.Harron &-Williamson's
Chapel, with Rev. R. G. MacEetir
offlciating. Many pioneers of.the West
were present, for Mrs. Stevens had won
a wide circle of friends during her
forty-three years of residence in Winnipeg^ and British Columbia. The pallbearers were her brothers^"Messrs.-'J/Ni;
R. G.- and A. N. Mowat, the last mentioned a former Comptroller-General
in British Columbia, and Mr. George
Kellaway. Internment took place in
Ocean View Burial Park.   '"   -
The sincerest sympathy of'a large
circle of friends ..in Greenwood is extended to the bereaved ones.
Fred K. McMann, aged 55 years, one
of the earliest residents of Greenwood,
and a nephew of th"late Robert Wood,
founder ancl first Mayor of Greenwood,
died on January 2nd at Sumner, Wash.,
after an illness of four months.
McMann's last visit to Greenwood
was in the early part of. 1926 when he
was inspecting his mining property in
the Deadwood Camp. He then lived in
Penticton. where -for some years he
owned a pool hall" later* selling .and
moving to -Sumner, Wash. Prior to
living in Penticton, he was in business
in Cashmere, Wash.
He "is survived by his wife, Bertha,
and three children, Mary, John W. and
Gladys. The funeral was held on Jan.
The above sad news was received by
The Greenwood Ledge in a letter from
Walter S. Keith, of Seattle, Wash., an
old-timer of Greenwood.
There died at Westlock, Alberta,
James Carson McLaren .in his 79th
The" deceased was born and spent
his early days at or near the village of
Balaclava, Grey County, Ont. He
spent most of his life in the West
taking an active part as a worker and
contractor in the construction days of
the C.P.R. He was at one time Jailer
at Kamloops, and spent some years in
the Boundary. He has been in Alberta
since -1904. His last visit to Greenwood
was about two years ago. He leaves to
mourn his loss two. brothers, David in
Vancouver and Donald in Greenwood.
Thomas Crowe, formerly of Silver-
ton, died on Saturday in .Independrice.
California. Mr. Crowe was well known
in the Slocan, Nelson and Rossland
districts, where he resided for many
years.. He leaves a widow, Mrs. Mary
Crowe and two sons at Beaverdell, and
daughters/ Mrs. White of Silverton,
Mrs. B. Benson of Vancouver, and Mrs.
William Croker of Butte, Montana.
Victoria.���Amid glorious sunshine,
and to the music of-skirling pipes, and
the booming of "guns, ,His Honor R.
Randolph Bruce, Lieutenant-Governor
of. British" Columbia arrived at the
Parliament Buildings at,1 3 o'clock on
Tuesday 'afternoon to formally- open
the seventeenth Legislature." All the
pomp and circumstance of tradition
featured this, the "most ceremonial
occasion of its kindln the history of
the province. Customs which have become mellowed by time, and possessed
real significance in the days when the
commoners of England were constructing the bulwarks of "present-day parliamentary institutions, "were religiously
Accompanied by", his personal staff,
consisting of officers of'the Canadian-
navy arid military forces, and escorted
by a guard of honor from the 16th
Canadian Scottish, His Honor arrived
at" the Assembly Chambers-to And that
there* was no Speaker to welcome him.
In formal language he declined to announce the reason for his having called
the legislators into.session until they
had .chosen one of their numbers to
preside as Speaker. - He then retired.
.In the absence of His Honor," the
name of J. W. Jones, member for South
Okanagan, was -formally "placed in
nomination, and he was elected. ��� Mr.
Jones then withdrew to assume the
three-cornered black; hat' and silk
robes of his office." He then proceeded
to meet His Honor,, who accompanied
him back into the - Legislative Hall
where Mi;.-Speaker���following the time-
honored ' custom ��� officially notified
hint" that, unworthy as he .was, thc
members of the Legislature had seer
fit 'to .elect him to the office oi'
Speaker.       -'--..
His Honor bowed his acknowledgment, and ascending the dais, proceeded to -announce his:, reasons, foi
having called the meMrv.ers ���into-sessior.-
The Provincial Secretary, Hon. .S. L
Howe,' then proceeded to read "the
names, of members who had been
elected, that they might be enterec'
officially upon the rolls. Notice was
given of thc introduction-'of a minoi
bill; the ministers presented departmental reports; the adjournament ol
the sitting was ordered; and the seventeenth Legislature of British Columbia
was under way.
cupied in "the public galleries and on
the floor of the House by an interested
crowd:" Men and women prominent in
the social,' political and commercial
life of the province were .accorded reserved seats, while the general public
crammed every inch of space in the unreserved galleries. Some, anxious to
view the proceedings were in waiting
two hours before the doors to the
balconies were opened.
Miss Nellie Knight spent the weekend at her home in Grand Forks.
Boyd Nichols returned home from
Grand Forks Hospital on Friday.'*
Annual Bonspiel
Starts Today
Expect Four Visiting Rinks���Weather
Ideal���Ice Excclient���Ladies to
Serve Refreshments
Mrs. John Bush and Miss, L. Bush
spent Friday at the Jackson ranch.
The .ice contractors are still busy.
They report a very fine quality of ice
this year.
Mrs. Harold-Erickson entertained a
few friends "on Friday evening to hear
the radio.
The annual local Bonspiel will open
this afternoon at, the Greenwood Curling rink with two rinks from Osoyoos,
one from Grand Forks, and one from
Beaverdell to play in competition with
Greenwood rinks. The first games are
called for 1 o'clock. Ice maker, Frank
L. Peterson has spared no time to put
the two sheets in A. 1. condition. The
members of the Ladies Curling Club
will have charge of the refreshments.
Mrs. Wm. Salmon's many-friends will
be pleased to know that her health is
improving. -,
Mrs.' Oscar Johnson and brother,
Henry, were visiting at Grand Forks on
Thursday last.
Joe Richter and A. Lander are busy
with the gasoline saw felling trees for
fire wood, on Mr. Richter's ranch.
, Charles Weed of Ingram Mountain,
was a visitor at the home of Mr. and
Mrs. J. R. .Ferguson ori Friday last.
Mr. and Mrs.- ��� Joe Richter were
visiting in town on Monday having
come in their cutter for the first time
this winter. Joe reported that the roads
were poor for sleighing.
Mr. and Mrs. Werner Preetzman and
daughter, Jean, were' visiting at the
Bennett ranch for the week-end.
Werner bought a fine heifer from'Mr.
Bennett and brought it home.
The .Cribbage Card Party was quite a
success on Thursday last. There were
14 tables. A. H. Biggin won the prize.
He also made; the highest points of .the
season "so far with"2orpoirits.- -"���""-'���"���'_
cEditorial Staff: '   -
John Campolieto, Eileen Bryan,
Ernest Johnson, Alice Clark
~ Grade IX has entered into the Challenge Spelling" Competition, and has
made a good start by-gaining 100% the
first time. Results for other Grades
were as. follows: Grade IV���97%;
Grade V���97.5%; Grade VI���97.5%;
Grade VII���100%; Grade VIII���95%.
School re-opened on Monday the 21st
after being discontinued for a week
owing to the amount of illness around
The water pipes of the local school
froze twice on Wednesday morning.
They were thawed out at 9 o'clock and
by 10:30 they were frozen again.
The Tigers' Club is glad to hear that
George Bryan, Jr., one of the most
popular members is on the way to recovery after his serious illness.
Brethren All
A teacher was giving his" class a
lecture  on  charity.
"Willie," he said, "If-I,saw a boy
beating a donkey, and stopped him
from doing so, what virtue -would I be
showing?" ,
Willie (promptly):" "Brotherly love.'*'
The ladies are using snakeskins and
catskins for shoes, and even banana
and orange skins make wonderful slippers.
A new lot of library books have arrived and the librarian will be on deck
every Monday afternoon from 2 to 4.
Remember the Hockey Game in the
Greenwood Rink on Friday eveniing.
Jan. 25th. Grand Forks will be the
opposing team. This will be the first
game of the home and home series,
total goals to count, for the Intermediate championship of the Boundary.
Game is called for 8 p.m. sharp.
Mrs. Jim Bush gave a party at her
home on Thursday, evening last in
honor of her daughter, Leila, prior to
her leaving for Spokane. s. Cards and
games were played after which a
dainty supper was served.
Walmsley's Rink Wins McLennan &
McFeely  Cup
Great interest was aroused in the
McLennan & McFeely competition with
the result that Walmsley's rink in the
play off with Goodeve (winner or the
first round) won by a score of 11 to 4.
The results of the second round were,
Forshaw beat Goodeve; Walmsley beat
Walters; Walmsley beat Forshaw; Walters beat Goodeve, Walters beat Forshaw
and Walmsley beat Goodeve. The
Walmsley vs Forshaw game was the
closest and most exciting game of the
season, the score stood at 9-9 on the
10th end with Walmsley making one on
the 11th end to win. Walters made the
highest score of the season in the
game with "Goodeve.
Investigation Shows Value of Forest
Litter to be Enormous       . .
Mrs. Tippie entertained about 30
ing. Cards and games were played
after which the young folks danced and
at midnight a very sumptuous supper
was served and all left at 2 a.m. feeling
much better for the pleasant time
The   government   road  snow   plow
came through from the Forks today.
Mrs. Martin Anderson left on Tuesday for San Jose, California, where she
will visit Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Bodinar.
The case of furious driving, heard at
Midway on Monday, was dismissed.
News item in The Boundary Creek
Times of January 2, 1897.
W. K. Gwyer, formerly government
road engineer in this district, prior to
taking charge of the Big Bend road
operations, has been appointed road
supervisor for the Prince Rupert
Mrs. Hester Ann Groves died at the
Trail-Tadanac * Hospital, Trail, early
Saturday morning after a lengthy illness. Mrs. Groves made several visits
to Greenwood when the Lund and
Hartland families lived here. She made
many friends who will regret to hear of
her passing. Funeral services were held
in Trail and Nelson, interment taking
place in the latter place on Monday.
Guests at the Pacific Hotel during
the week: C. Radan, Joe, Bayo, J.
Bayo, .Midway; Oscar Rudd, City; C.
Home, Vancouver; Rev. E. G. Smyth,
C. W. Clark, H. H. Henderson, D. McPherson, G. E. Massie, Grand Porks;
P. Poiselle, A. Van Gelder, F. Tanner,
M. Petterson, Westbridge; R. H. Plaskett, D. E. Burpee, N. Nicholson, R.
Lewis, Osoyoos. -
The Test
The old general was walking down
the street when he was stopped by a
"Don't refuse a trifle," said the latter.  "I'm an old soldier."
1'An old soldier, eh?" replied the general.   "Then-I'll gove you a test: Shun!
Eyes   right!   Eyes   front!   Stand   at
ease!   Now, what comes next?"
{ "Present alms," retorted the beggar.
/ The fertilizing value of forest litter,,
composed of fallen leaves and twigs,
has long been recognized in Europe, but
in this country where we have not had
to grow our wood, little thought has
been given to the soil "on which the
���trees grow. With the disappearance of
the virgin stands and our ultimate
dependence on second growth secured
by either natural or artificial means,
every.-factor which affects-the rate "of
growth of the timber becomes important.
A study of the forest leaf litter deposited by-red and Jack pine in Michigan
has just been completed by the United
States Forest Service and it showed
that on the average, the annual deposit
of needles per acre weighed 2257 pounds
air dried and 2100 pounds over dried.
Most of the needles fell between the
middle-of��� June-and���the^-middl'e-of-
From the chemical analysis of samples
of the litter it was found that the accumulation on an acre in one year con-
taied from 8 to 16.5 lbs. of nitrogen,
9.9 to 21 lbs. of calcium, 2.1 to 3.5 lbs.
of phosphrous, 1.6 to 3.5 lbs. of potassium and 5.6 to 6.7 lbs. of sulphur.
- The nitrogen content alone averaged
15 lbs. per acre, which js from one
sixth to one eighth of the amount of
nitrogen collected by crops of alfalfa.
In an unburned forest there is an
accumulation of three or four years
undecomposed and if- a fire destroys
this it robs the soil of from 40 to 60 lbs.
of nitrogen per acres, to rplace which
would require the application of from
$9.00 to $13.00 worth of sodium nitrate,
per year.
It was found also that a ton of this
litter could absorb one and .one half
.tons of "water and in addition to the
water that soaked into the needles
themselves a large amount is held for a
time by the litter but eventually drains
The School Trustees of Kettle Val-
ly have arranged for a Night School at
Kettle Valley to be held twice a week.
German settlers, recent arrivals in the
district are the students. The .classes
are in charge of E7 P. Beckett and F.
B. Pearce.
A fleet of twenty monster oil burning
locomotives intended to revolutionize
the company's freight and passenger'
traffic in the west have been ordered
by the Canadian Pacific Railway from'
the Montreal Locomotive Works for
service through the mountains of British Columbia, according to a Montreal
report. They will be used to speed
freight and passenger traffic.
The Reason
"To what do you attribute your long
life?'.'     *
"Among other things, to the fact that
the sheriff still don't know who shot
Jim Williams."
Sign in music store: "Kiss the Girl
You Love" and many others just as
good, PAGE TWO
The Greenwood Ledge
Published every Thursday at
Greenwood, B. C.
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Delinquent Co-Owner Notices .. $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices.... %     7.00
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All other legal advertising 16 cents
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No letter to the editor will be inserted except over the proper signature and address of the writer. This
rule admits of no exception.
ing the souls of all who heard him. In
our solitary walks of a summer morning the simplest floweret by the wayside, every sight of rural simplicity ancl
happiness, every creature that seemed
to drink of the Joy of the seasons
awakened the sympathy of his heart."
His lines "To a Daisy" appeal strongly to the Scottish exile. In Scotland
tho wee modest crimson tipped flo'or is
taken too often a matter of course, but
when we look for it in Canada we are
sadly disappointed. I was travelling in
the train in Scotland with a friend
newly returned from South Africa. It
was the end of May, the hedges were
white with hawthorn and all nature
was at its loveliest "Do you know," said
my friend, "what I like seeing best of
all? It's the little daisies." I understand what his feelings were now and
Robbie showed his genius in picking
out the lowly little daisy for one of his
most exquisite poems.
Burns put himself into all his works.
Everything he wrote, except- perhaps
his letters, was written from his heart,
a heart always flowing over with emotions of some sort. Sometimes it was
a beautiful woman���or if she wasnt
beautiful his imagination supplied all
the deficiencies-���sometimes a flower or
scene of rural beauty; again an animal
in pain or distress; everything he saw
influenced, him strongly. He was no
coward. He stood heart and soul for
liberty, justice and right. It is these
qualities of his and his sympathy with
the struggles of humanity that has
given him such a high place in so many
nearts, His sweet songs are among the
finest in the world. 7 'a
The blue cross means thai
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be
pleased to have more money.
(By Mrs. T. Thomson in Family
Herald and Weekly Star)
The 25TH DAY of January this year
is the 170th anniversary of the birth of
the immortal Robbie.;
A reminder that he still, holds a
warm place in our .hearts hangs before
me as I write���a Christmas present
from Scotland. It is a calendar fash-.
" ioned out of soft leather, cut in the-
shape of a thistle flower with a bust of
Robert Burns in sliver, between sprays
of heather.   Beneath are his words:
"An honest man tho' e'er sae poor,
Is king o' men for a' that."
Some might say: "Oh! he's all very
well for Scottish people. They understand him. H e wrote of. them and
their ways, its different with Canadians."    ...- yy-- '������' 'A,.., '������
I don't think that is so. There,: are
thousands of Scotties who know little
and care less about Burns. Which reminds me of the story that.I was told
of a schoolboy howler, last year. There
is a great granddaughter of the poet
living in the town of Dumfries where
he lived his later years. The class were
having a composition lesson on Burns
One boy wrote: "One of Burn's parents
still live in Dumfries. Her name is
Miss Burns Brown." Admirers of Burns
They are not confined to any class of
people. An editor of a U. S. farm paper
confessed lately to Burns being his
favorite poet. I daresay he has quite
as many enthusiastic admirers in Eng
land as he has In Scotland. Here Is an
- Englishman presenting his book with
the following accompanying verse:
"Farewell, dear friend!   May good luck
hit you,
And 'mang her favorites admit you!
.If e'er Detraction shone to smite you,
May nane believe him!
And only diel that thinks to get you, A
. Good Lord deceive him."
Carlyle foretold that the day would
come when he would be acknowledged
as the greatest Scotsman of the 18th
century and it would be hard now to
name another whose works have -lived
or whose personality is loved at his is
at the present day.
Burns was the spokesman for . the
common people. He knew all the evils
pf poverty and that the hard labor that
bends the frame and crazes the bones.
He was doing a man's work at the age
of fifteen, yet it did not damp his
buoyant spirit. The beauties of Nature
enraptured him in the midst of the
most arduos toil. Once when he was
having a hard strife with, a fellow
workman who was able to keep up with
him, "Robert," said-his rival, "I'm no
sae far behind this time, I'm thinking.'
"John," said he in a whisper, "you're
behind in something yet: I made a
sang while I was stooking."
..'; He .delights in feats of skill. He
loved to draw the straightest furrow on
his fields, to sow the largest quantity
. of seed of any farmer in the dale in a
day, mow the most, rye-grass and clover.
in ten hours of exertion and:stook to
the greatest number of reapers.A He
could move a 20 stone' (280 lbs.) of meal
without much apparent effort.  7
Much has been written on his life
and habits. One very charming description is given of his habit of going
for morning walks with a friend. "His
whole air was that of one who had enjoyed refreshing slumbers,- and who
arose happy in himself/ and' to diffuse
happiness on all around him; his complexion was ffresH and clear, his eye
brilliant, his whole frame vigorous and
elastic, and his imagination ever bri the
wing. His morning conversations were
marked by that impassioned eloquence
that seemed to -flow from immediate
inspiration, and shed an atmosphere of
light and beauty around everything it
touched, alternately melting and eleva-
This will bc one of the outstanding features of the first Sea Music Festival held at Vancouver,
January 23-2G, under the auspices of the Canadian Paciiic Railway. Headquarters of the festival will
be "at the Hotel Vancouver and an unique programme of sea chanties, song's and dances will be given
by distinguished singers, fine instrumentalists and well trained artists, under tl�� musical direction oi
Harold Eustace Key. ��� .
(By A. G. Clarry, of Dominion Swine
Division, in Vancouver Province.)
The official hog grades included in
the regulations have been designated to
take care of all the types, weights and
qualities of hogs produced in the Dominion. Each grade is recognized as
distinctive in the quality of carcass
which it produces; and the designation-
of the live hog grades is therefore based
upon the market demands and selling
values of the commercial cuts produced
therefrom, y :���      :.. ���- ���:-,.������
Grade 1���Select bacon:' Hogs weighing 1.70-to 220 pounds at stockyards and
abattoirs, or hogs weighing 180 to 230
pounds at' local shipping points and at
such other points as may be designated
from time to time; of a type and finish
indicating suitability for the production of choice bacon or Wiltshire sides
for export. Jowl and shoulder, light
and smooth; back; from neck to tail,
evenly fleshed; side long, medium
depth, dropping reasonably straight
from back ham, full; good general finish; .no excess fat. .
Grade 2���Thick smooth: Hogs weighing 160 to 210 pounds at stockyards
ahd abattoirs, or hogs weighing 170 to
220 pounds at local shipping points',
not conforming to "select bacon"
standard but smooth conformation and
- Grade 3���Shop hogs: 'Hogs weighing
120 to 160 pounds at stockyards and
abattoirs or hogs weighing 130 to 170
pounds at local shipping-points, of
��nooth'conformation and finish* ��� -
to 260 pounds "at stockyards and abattoirs or hogs weighing -220 to 270
pounds at local shipping points. Hogs
of select bacon or thick, smooth, conformation and finish!       '        7 ;
Grade 5���Extra heavies: Hogs weighing over 260 pounds at stockyards and
abattoirs or hogs weighing over 270
pounds at local shipping points; o'f
smooth coriformation and finish.
Grade 6���Feeders: Hogs weighing 170
pounds-and under at stockyards and
abattoirs or hogs weighing 180 pounds
or under at local shipping points. Any
type of smooth conformation but unfinished.
Grade   7���Roughs:   Hogs . of   rough
conformation; any weight.
:  Grade   8���Sows:    All  females  that
have raised one or more litters.
Sub-grade A���Those of smooth finish
and trim underline weinghing up to
350 pounds at stockyards and abattoirs,
or sows-weighing up to 360 pounds at
local shipping points.
Sub-grade B���All other sows.
Grade 9���Stags:   Boars which have
been castrated and are well healed.
Why Hog Grading is Necessary
The consumptive demind of the
home market is already a'big factor
in maintaining a good market for Canadian hogs'. ��� As previously pointed out,
the Canadian consumer is demanding
best quality products. In ;fact, the
regular Canadian'cuts are graded on a
weight and quality basis, so that no
matter whether hogs are put into Wiltshire for export or,'consumed at home,
farmers who produce the bacon hog
are entitled to the premium.
; 'Standard for* Wiltshire sides "in all
recognized bacon-producing countries
of merit are based on the '.product
from the carcass of the bacon hog.
Hence, if the hog industry of Canada
is. to grow and develop; Canadian' hog
raisers must produce bacon-type hbgj5
in order that the surplus miay'be exported profitably; - aa
Producers of hogs now realize that,
as a result of hog grading, the premium has been made available for select
bacon hogs and are assuming responsibility in the sale _of their hogs, by insisting on sale by grade. When this
demand becomes general and farmers
individually and, collectively become
more accurately acquainted with the
grades, the' necessary confidence will
have been established, permitting of
trading to the general satisfaction of
all interested parties from producer'to
packer.. ������-.'.'.-:.���'���:������  y--:
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1 Pays to Advertise
In the
Use the Advertising Columns of
the Local Paper. It is just large
enough to make your advertisement appear one of the important things published each week.
The Greenwood Ledge
Thirty or thirty-five years ago, wc
remember when hens were 25c apiece,
and turkeys $1,00; butter 10c a pound;
thc butcher gave away liver and treated
the kiddles with bologna; and a leg .of
mutton cost 25c to 35c. Women didn't
smoke, vote, play poker, or dance the
Black Bottom. They hadn't taken on
paying for the school boy bob and the
permanent wave on the installment
plan. Men wore whiskers and boots,
chewed, spit on the sidewalks and
cussed. Beer, was 5c a mug ancl a hot
lunch was served free-with the beer.
Laborers worked 10 hours a clay and
never went on. strike. Tips weren't
given to waiters and the hat check
grafter was unknown. A kerosene
hanging lamp and a stereoscope in the
parlor were the height of luxury. No
one ever heard of calories, microbes or
could be satisfied with-one mump. No
one got rid of the appendix or bought
monkey glands. Folks lived to a good
old age and walked miles to pay their
friends a New ..Year call.
Today, everybody rides- in automobiles or flies, plays'golf to rest the brain
and bridge .to exercise it; shoots* crap;
goes to the movies nightly; plays the
piano with his feet; smokes cigarettes;
drinks hootch; blames^the h. c. of 1. on
his neighbors or the farmers; never goes
.to bed the same clay he1 gets up, and
makes himself believe.-he is having .one
hell of a time. These are the days of
suffragetting, profiteering, commission
rent and road hogs; excess taxes and
government liquor control at a profit
to you and me and the rest of the family. ' If you think life is worth living as
we do it is a great pleasure to wish
A   Happy   New   Year���Okanagan
Contractor and Builder
���    Get my prices on
on walls finished, and save money
Box 332  Grand Forks. B.C.
We have inquiries for
Good Prospects and Partly
Developed Mines
Anyone having properties foi* disposal
please. get  in touch with us
Nelson, B.C. * Box 901
Possible, Not Probable'
School Girl: ' "Grandma, can you
help me with this problem?"
"I could,, dear,' but I don't think it
would be right."
"No, I don't .suppose it would. But
have a try at it and see." ���
A Vindictive Subscriber
An official of a telephone company
was rudely aroused from his slumbers
by the ringing of the telephone. After
bruising his knee on a chair, he reached
the phone.
"Hello," he growled.
"Are you an official of the telephone
company?" asked the voice.
"Yes, what can I do for you?"
"Tell me," said the voice, "how it
feels'to get out of bed at two o'clock to
answer a wrong number?"
Not Necessary
Mother: "Now, Jimmy,**suppose you
were* to hand Johnnie a plate with a
large and small piece of cake on it,
wouldn't you tell him to take the larger
Jimmy:   "No."
Mother: -"Why not?"
Jimmy: "Because It wouldn't be nec-
Never Missed
I'm awfully- sorry, Mrs. Blunt,"
drawled the fashionable youth, "that I
forgot your party last Friday."
"Oh," remarked Mrs. Blunt, innocently, "weren't you there?"
Harry Armson, Grand Forks
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed
We pay postage one way.   Terrhs cash.
Provincial Assayer and Chemist
i   V. O. Drawer L1108, Nelson, B.C.
Established 1900
Charges made are the standard Western
rates.   Price lists sent on application.
Application for Grazing Permits for the
Season of 1939
Applications for permits to graze
livestock on the Crown range within
any grazing district of the Province of
British Columbia, must be filled with,
the District Forester .at" Fort George,
Kamloops, Nelson, Prince Rupert, Vancouver, or Williams Lake on or before
March 31st, 1929.
Blank forms upon which to submit
applications may be obtained from' the
places, or from the Department of
Lands at Victoria, B.C:
G. R. NADEN,     '
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Department . of Lands, Victoria,
B.C., January 7, 1929.
Kootenay Lake
Service    *
Owing to ice conditions, boat service, between Nelson and
Procter discontinued for'present and train service substituted
as under:
8:10 P.M. 9:40 A.M. Ar. Nelson.,
7:15 P.M. 8:45 A.M. Lv Procter.,
...Lv. 1:00 A.M. 5:00 P.M.
...iAr. 7:55 A.M; 5.55 P.M.
SLEEPING CAR SERVICE-Sleeper arriving Nelson,
No. 12, will be parked for occupancy at Nelson station and go
on to Procter following morning, connecting.with steamer for
Kootenay Landing. "' "
Steamer service between Procter - Kootenay Landing-
Crawford Bay-Kaslo-Lardo and way ports will continue on
present schedule, with Sunday service to and from Kaslo.
J. S. CARTER, District Passenger Agent, Nelson
E The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
Ollice, Smelting* and Refining Department
��� .Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
Producers, of- Gold, Silver, Copper, Pit.  L,ead and Zinc
���A*    ���
t I-
Are you in need of:
Office Supplies?
Let us know your requirements and
we will gladly quote prices on same
The Greenwood Ledge
Phone 29L
Subscribe for
The Greenwood Ledge ��AGE FOtic
THUKSDA'Y,  JANUARY  24,  192<J.
Come in and Hear j
The New Marconi
1929 RADIO
With Temple Air-Chrome Speaker
Distributor for Greenwood
Mr. Albert Madge and Relatives of
Rock Creek, wish to thank the many
friends for theii* kind sympathy and
floral tributes in their sad bereavement.
Rev. St. G. Smyth will hold Service
in Midway on Sunday evening, Jannary
27th al 7:30 o'clock.
Five   Hundred   will   be   played   on
Thursday, Jan. 24th, in the Old School
House in Midway.
Strawberries 2s in heavy Syrup per can 30c
Mixed Vegetables 2s      - 3. cans 70c
Harold Erickson will donate the prize
for tlie Cribbage Card Party next
Thursday the 31st, in Midway.
Grand Forks
Friday, Jan. 25th
(Good for Soups or Stews)
Elbow Cut Macaroni
2 lbs 25c
Fresh Salmon, Halibut & Cod Pish
Every Thursday
fresh Sausages Every Friday
For Quality and Value Order From -P'10ne 46
Greenwood Rink
10% OFF on all
Childrens Rubbers selling for SOc
Sale on Heavy Underwear
Ellen Trounson Store
The Farmers Institute will hold their
monthly meeting in the Midway Hall Firgt of Home and Home GiimeSj total
on Saturday, February 2nd.
All mem
bers that can possibly make it are requested to attend as there is some very
important business to be brought forth.
The meeting will commence sharp at
2:30.. All meetings of the Farmers Institute are open io the public. .Please
keep this date open,
goals to count, in Intermediate Series
One buffet, oak table, three chairs,
one rocker, and a man's good fur coat.
Apply to Mrs. B. Palmer, Kettle Valley.
J. Ac^ i C^ o- T*. Q. JL H.L..1.Q
Edison Mazda Lamps
Have taken another
Drop in Price
We Are The Sole Agents
Ojlbway Indians of the Nipisor-
���district will not touch bear meat
because they arc mostly in mtiers
of tlie Hoar Clan, says Ozark
Ripley, lhc -iVOil known sporting
writer. They mo averse to killing
the bear and one hunting party relates having to forego eatin.** bear
steak and having' to bury a bear's
carcass because their cook refused
to touch the meat.
Vancouver hears
clicking of
typewriter keys
in London
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Phone 17
A I rout weighing eight pounds-
was a catch reported last summer
by "William Milchellree in tlie
neighbourhood of Banff, Alberta.
".My record for the season is 39C
fish," he writes, "all caught on rod
and lino within easy reach _ of
Banff. Recently at Wapta I caught
two six pound rainbows and several cutthroat weighing from two
lo three and a half pounds."
Headquarters for
Boundary. Mining and Travelling Men
First Class Accommodation
Mot and Cold Water Every Convenience
A record was hung up beside,the
Christmas stockings of the employees of the Canadian Pacific
Bxpress Company on Christmas
Day when, froni coast to���coast,
every Christmas package was delivered to its* destination, except
where there was no one to-receive
them. According* lo T. E. McDonnell, president of the company, express traffic was unusually heavy
this season aud was well handled.
A Vancouver business
man, seated in his home,
hears the clicking of typewriter keys in far-away London, 0 England. Impossible
one might have said a few
years ago; but today it is
not uncommon for telephone
service to bridge the impossibilities of yesterday.
The Vancouver man had
put in a trans-Atlantic tele-
: phone call to his company's
agent in London, and the
first sound he heard from the
Empire's capital was the
click-click, of typewriter.keys,
followed .by a voice saying,
"Stop that typewriter!"
Incidentally, it was a business call, lasting less than
three minutes, but it made
possible a deal involving
about $450,000.
Charles King
Real Estate & Insurance Agent
Arrangements with first class
'. Some to handle BONDS,
��� others STOCKS,  "* ���
'>         others MINING SHARES
��� -on installment system
��� -..-'-
��� on   margin
��      Call and state your business
The United Church of Canada
Minister in Charge, Greenwood.
Greenwood, 7:30 p.m.
Many    enquiries. for    Reward
wheat, one of the early  np_enlng_
Drug Store in Connection
varieties evolved' by the Canadian
Government Central Experimental
Farm, Ottawa, are being' received
by the Dominion Cerealist. The
farm will have 10,000 bushels of
this new wheat for distribution,
and the 350 growers who were
allowed to grow Reward in 3y28
will have a surplus of 2,000 bushels making available 12,000 bushels Cor seed in. 1929.
Worse and Worse
To those who contemplate
, .    -*��� . buying.
Wedding Presents or Gifts
for their friends
Let us remind you that we can
supply you cheaper .than you
can buy from Catalogue'
Let us have your
Watch and Clock Repairs
Watchmaker  and   Jeweler
F. J. White, Mgr.
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Greenwood Meat Market
|We Solicit Your Patronage
Production of agricultural implements and machinery in Canada
amounted to $42,996,288 in 1927,
according to the Bureau of Statistics, as compared with $38,269,21-1''
for tho previous year and $24,770,-
21G for 1925. Of the 65 firms reporting, i'i were in Ontario, 12 in
Quebec, 1 in Manitoba, 4 in Alberta,
one in Saskatchewan and one in
Prince Edward Island.
. He (at big party): "I made an awful
mistake just now. I told a man I
thought the host was .a stingy old
blighter, and it happened to be the
host I spoke to."
She:   "Oh,'you mean my husband."
The Lost Golf Ball
No Picture Show
in the
HAAt^ti__^it_���JA_�� AAfcAAAAAAAAAA*
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See Our Complete Stock Of-
Men's Mackinaw Coats, Shirts and Pants.
Wool Shirts, Socks, Hudson Bay Blankets.
Men's Heavy and Light Rubbers and Overshoes.
Ladies Zippers and Light Rubbers.
We are giving FREE
One Brown Water Jug to each of our customers
Have you received yours?;
Having successfully competed
for her trials off Scotland the i e\v
Canadian Pacific British Columbia
coastal steamship "Princess Norah"
will arrive shortly at Victoria,
Vancouver Island. The new ship
is the seventeenth "Princess" of
the company's fleet and is equipped
��7ith bow rudders to facilitate navigation in the narrow channels ot
the west coast.
Freddie came home with a new golf
ball, which, he said, he had found. - His
father looked at him sternly for a
minute then said: , ���
I   "Are you cure it was lost?"
"Oh, yes, dad," said Freddie, confidently.  "I saw the man and his cad-
Greenwood Theatre
Further Notice
Canadian seed wheat is in considerable demand in South America according to officials of the
agricultural department of the
Canadian Pacific Railway at Winnipeg. A ton of seed wheat was
recently shipped from Brandon -to
Peruvian wheat ranchers, and it is
expected that further orders will
come from the'South American
Loss than a minute was required
to launch each" boat when the iifo
' saving equipment of the Canadian
' Pacific liner "Duchess of Bedford"
1 received  its regular test at New
York   recently   before   embarking
ils  Christmas" cruise of .the West
Indies.    "The finest and most efficient boat lowering apparatus
have ever sec*"**,-" was the commen'
made by John J. Grady, head of the
United States steamship inspection
service,  who  was  present at the
test.   The "Duchess of Bedford" Is
one of four sister ships of the.new
"Duchess" class all of whom are
speedy  oil  burners  and  equipped
with the same efficient life saving
- -ipjj-iraUis tor use in an emerge acy.
Job Printing
o ���*���
We can supply your needs In
Letterheads, Statement,
Billheads, Envelopes,
Prices Reasonable
Orders Promptly Attended To
The Greenwood Ledge Office


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