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The Greenwood Ledge Mar 1, 1928

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No.. 31
A full Line of McClary's
Ranges and Heating Stoves
McClary's Enamel and Tin Ware
Assorted Dishes and-Glassware
Lenten Specials
Pilchards ���  3 cans 50c
Salmon Pink  f  Is 20c
Salmon Sockeye  :  Is 50c
Lobster    ....-  halves 55c
Fresh Salmon.and Halibut Every Thursday
\       Kippers, Sable Fish, Finnan Haddie, Etc
For quality and value order from Phone 46
Start the New Year right by using
Edison Mazda Lamps
Reduced prices from January 1st
Phone 17
I? ���
    Try   ������
INyals Creophos
for   Coughs and Colds
hUSkieS   for Sore Throat
Both work splendidly      .
Mail Your Orders
We have a full line of
Hudson Bay Blankets"
All Weights and Colors
���.Also  Men's ���  ���   ,;v
Tel. 2. GREENWOOD.  B.C. Box 391
Special This Week
White Fish Beef Tripe
Pickled Pig Feet
Nome Fed Hams
Beef, Veal, Pork
Pork Sausages
y <-.-���-. .*..,.
Job Printing at The Greenwood Ledge
Ladies and Gents
Don't overlook, our
Sale on Rubbers
 '-      j.
Our New
Spring Millinery
will be on Display on
March 17th
;       Agent for
Matched-Unit Radio
Ellen Trounson's Store
Licensed Insurance  Agent       <
Fire, Life, Accident & Sickness,    <
Automobile, Bonds, Burglary     <
Real Estate, Ranches, Dwellings    J
Call and, see        " v      <
Charles King, Copper Street   ~ <
in reference to above <
We have quite a few letters
from  People  expressing their
. appreciation of our work and
we~can assure the Public that
all Repairs turned out by us
will be of the highest standard
" of Workmanship and we always use the best quality of
When your watch goes
wrong bring it tb us and let iis
prove our claims.
Watchmaker and Jeweler
F. J. WHITE, Mgr.
The United Church of Canada
Minister in Charge, Greenwood.
/       SUNDAY, MARCH 4th
Midway, 11 a.m.
Greenwood, 7:30 p.m.
St. Jude's Church, Greenwood
 .___- Greenwood, 7:30 p.m... .
Kettle Valley School News
E. P. Beckett
No,, of Pupils         13
Aggregate Attendance      257.5
Average Attendance '.'..     12.87
Percentage of Attendance 99.03%
Standing of pupils in grades arranged
in order of merit:
fGrade VIII.���Eric Whiting, Spencer
Grade V.���Joe Gane, Ruth Whiting,-
Pearl Lindsay, Muriel Thompson, Mary
Grade III.���Yvonne McCelvey, Elise
Grade II.���Theodore Gane, Ronald
Grade I���Jack Bonnett, Jean McCelvey.
Pupils having -perfect attendance for
��� February:
Jack Bonnett, Ronald Bonnett, Joe
Gane, Elise Gane,1 Yvonne .McCelvey,
Jean McCelvey, Pearl Lindsay, Eric
Whiting, Ruth Whiting, Theodore
Pupils having perfect attendance   ������
,   todate:
Joe Gane, Yvonne McCelvey,  Jean
McCelvey, Eric Whiting, Ruth Whiting.
-1 Special. Merit
Joe Gane���Canadian History.
Ruth Whiting���Spelling.
Yvonne McCelvey���Spelling.
Elise Gane���Reading.
Mary Hindmoor���Improvement.
Joo Gane���Geography.
The  Teacher  and  Pupils wish  to
thank the "Board of Trustees" for the
new books which they purchased for
the Library, 28 in number, also the
"Rock Creek Farm Women"-for their
kind donation of Four Nature Study
Books which are very much appreciated.
Of Local Interest
W. H. Bryan was in Grand Forks on
Friday evening.
J. Marsh of the Vendela mine, left
on Monday for a few days visit to
Mrs, John Hallstrom and son, Roy,
were visitors to, Grand Forks on Friday
W. Clark and Geo. Boag, of Beaver
dell, were visitors in town during the
Geo. Sutherland, of the Sally mine,
Beaverdell," spent the week-end at his
home here.
W. R. Walmsley left on Saturday for
Tadanac where he is employed by the
C. P. railway.
R. D. McKenzie of Beaverdell was in
town the. first-of-the-week, leaving on
Tuesday for Grand-Forks.
R. O. Leslie, Forest Ranger, with
headquarters in Kettle Valley, is
spending a few days in Greenwood.
Mrs. Hugh McGiUivray and son,
John, attended' the Monarch - Trail
hockey game in Trail on Saturday
evening. ~ ���"
R. Lee returned to the Wellington
mine, Beaverdell, on Tuesday morning
after spending a few days at his home
in Greenwood.
W. Reid of Nelson, was in town on
Friday and Saturday and placed 10,000
trout eggs in Boundary Creek from the
Gerrard Hatchery. -
A Junior Red Cross meeting was held
in the School on February 18th, with
the President, Eric Whiting in" the
chair. The usual business was transacted and a short concert provided by
the junior grades was enjoyed by. all.
Spencer Thompson reports two more
yearly subsriptions to the Junior Red
Cross Magazine. '
Employment is nature's phisician,
and is essential to human happiness.
Mrs. I. Fillmore, of Rhone,' and Mrs.
Howard- Smith, of Westbridge, were the
guests of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. S. Walters
during the week-end.
Trail senior hockey team were the
winners'in.the series with the Monarch
team of Vancouver. Trail will now
meet the Alberta winners in Trail next
week.   - :
E. Ruzicka, lineman for the B.C. Telephone - Co., of Grand Forks, accompanied by A. N.' Docksteader, motored
to Greenwood on Wednesday via Curlew,! Wash.'"
Mrs. Ed. Blundell and two-sons, left
on Sunday afternoon to visit with Mrs.
Blundell's mother nin Spokane.,, Mr.
Blundell accompanied his family as'far
as Grand Forks.
Masquerade Carnival
The annual Masquerade Carnival
was held in the local arena on Friday
evening, Feby. 24th. Although the
masquers were few in number .there
were some very good costumes! Mrs. A.
Walker, Mrs. W. Muir Wilson and F. J.
White were the judges and they'made
the following popular awards:
Best Dressed Lady, Miss Renie
Skilton, "Spearmint".
Best Dressed "Girl, Dorothy Boug,
Best Dressed Gent, John McDonell,
"Convict". "        fc
Best Dressed Boy, James Forshaw,
"Hockey Player."
Best Original, Miss Ruth Axam,
"Community Singing."
Children's races were held after the
Carnival  and were keenly  contested.
The winners follow:
Boys 6 to 8���1st, Hazen Powers.
Boys 8 to 10���1st Ernie Johnson, 2nd
Walter Nicliols. ,-.        �����
Boys 10 to 12���1st James Forshaw,
2nd David Nichols.'
, Girls 10 to 11���1st June Toney, 2nd
Dorothy Boug.
Boys 12 to 14���1st Tom Walmsley,
2nd Jack Morrison. "
Girls 12 to 14���1st Cleo Toney, 2nd
Donalda Walker.
Girls 14 & over���1st Vera Walmsley,
2nd Miss Lowe.
Boys 14 & over���1st Harry Hallstrom,
2nd John McDonell.     t
Coat Race���1st Vera Walmsley and
Harry Hallstrom, 2nd Renie Skilton
and R. C. Taylor.-
Potato race���1st Tom Walmsley, 2nd
Charlie Royce.
The Vendela Mine
Guests at the Pacific Hotel during
the week: H. Griffiths, Vancouver; W.
Reid, H. J. Evans, S. A. Williams, Nelson; M. C. Jewell, Rock Creek; Slim
"Johnson, R. D. McKenzie, Sam Mulhern, Beaverdell; C. Radan, Midway;
Rev. St. G. Smyth, Grand Forks; R. O.
Leslie, Kettle Valley; Joe Durolya; J. E.
The Ladies of the Altar Society met
afternoon, February 29th. A pleasing
event took place after business was
oyer, when Mrs. Geo. D, Sutherland,
the president, was presented with a
silver tea pot, engraved, from the
members of the. Society. Mrs Sutherland has been president for the past
two years and the members wished to
show appreciation "for her capable
management of the Society. Mrs. Wm.
Madden made the presentation. Mrs.
Sutherland was taken by surprise, but
arose to the occasion and thanked the
members for the lovely gift. Following
the' presentation those present partook
of dainty refreshments.
All lakes in the West Kootenay and
Boundary districts will be closed to
trout fishing from March 1 to April 30,
inclusive, according to an announcement made by CH. Robinson, fisheries
overseer, to The Nelson News on Tuesday night. This is to give parent fish
an opportunity to get to the spawning
grounds. The closure does not affect
Rocky mountain whitefish (grayling),
or char.
No change has been made in regulations for East Kootenay waters,
which are closed in any case.
With the exception only of Kootenay
river, no streams in West Kootenay
and the Boundary will be open for
fishing .until May 24th, to give additional protection to. spawning fish.
Kootenay river opens on May 1st.   -
Vancouver.���William Delahay, aged'
71, - resident of. British Columbia for
more than forty years, who was well
known in Nanaimo, where he -was a
Canada customs collector for many
years, .passed . away on Wednesday,
Feby. 22nd, at his home, 2746 William
Mr. Delahay was a native of Wales
and came to America at the age of 20
to reside at Oakland. In 1883 he moved
to Nanaimo. A few years later he
transferred to Phoenix, where he joined the customs service. Fifteen years
later he was appointed' to serve in
Nanaimo.   He retired some years ago.
The;deceased is survived by his wife,
Mrs. Eliza Delahay.       '.     -.,-::- V   >
The funeral was held on Friday, Rev.
J. R. Munro officiating. Interment
took place in Ocean View Burial Park.
Giving to the poor increaseth a
man's store.���Proverb.   '
On The Ice
;-A-Points competition ��� (second of the
season) was played on Thursday, Feby.
23rd, 15 curlers taking 'part. The ice
was in Al condition. H. W. Gregory
won first prize with 31 points and R.
Forshaw the second prize with 25
points.  A few of the scores follow:
H. W. Gregory 31.
R. Forshaw 25.
W. H. Bryan 23.
G. W. A. Smith 21.
R. C, Taylor.20.
W. r; Powers 19.
K. Skilton 18.
S. B, Hamilton 17.
Geo. Bryan, 16.
Competitions have been completed
and until the ice softens scratch games
will be played. The cool nights keeps
the" ice in perfect" condition and the
most enthusiastic, curlers are figuring
on more games.
It was "with interest that the writer
recently visited the Vendela mine,
situated south of Greenwood. This
is being developed by J. Wichser, of
Seattle, Wash., and it is certainly an
object lesson in v economical operating.
The power is derived from a Ford car
engine,, which drives a Cardinal Rex
compressor, which develops ample
power for a water-liner drill. A very
practical but simple device is connected
with the engine, which governs the
consumption of gasoline. It is automatic fqr'when the compressor cham-
.ber is full it cuts off the supply of gas,
but- when the chahaber is not fully
loaded it increases the supply of gas,
without any attention of the operator.
This device is the outcome of", Mr.
Wichser ingenuity.
The tunnel 7 feet by 5 feet is in 180
feet and the objective is still some 40
feet ahead. This will give some hundreds of feet upraise tq the surface'
showings. Already indications of ore
are incouraging, for during the past'
few days ore has been'struck practically in > the centre of the face of the
tunnel. ' A small creek, , with ample
supply of water runs at the mouth ot.
the tunnel. There is unlimited space
for dumping. When shipping is ready
it will no doubt be done by gravity as
the mine is same distance up the
mountain from the raihvay.
Anyone planning on developing some
mineral claims should certainly pay a
visit-to .the Vendela as the working of
this property is a practical demonstration of-economy in operating and accomplishes quicker results than hand
drilling, with a very small' expenditure
of capital.
' Mr. Wichser is to be congratulated
on the amount of development accomplished in such a short period and it is
to- tie hoped that a good measure of
success may follow his perseverance.
Midway News
Dance on Friday night at the Farmer's Hall. Bush's orchestra. Your loyal
support is asked.
Miss Alma DeLisle of Bridesville, was
a visitor to town last Sunday. She was
the guest of Mr. and Mrs. E. DeLisle.
Farmer's and Women's Institutes will
meet on Saturday, March '3rd at 2 p.m.
Please get all your entries in for the
Emery DeLisle returned from Revelstoke on Thursday last where he was
firing a freight train. He has resumed
his duties here with the C.P.R.   <
Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Bush entertained
a number of friends to a Pinochle
Party last Thursday evening. The
ladies first prize went to Miss Helen
Nystrom and the gentleman's prize to
Harold Erickson. All present had a
good time.
Breeders of the Light Sussex breed of
poultry have recently formed a club
in co-operation with the Provincial
Poultry Branch and the B. C. Poultry
Association. This is to promote and
further the interests of this breed in
this province. The breed is becoming
more popular every year in the Province. Strong efforts are being made
to have the breed included in the new
Standard of Perfection -wliich will be
published in 1931 by the American
Poultry Association. Efforts are also
being made lo affiliate with the Club
in Great Britain.
B. C. Turkey Club   .
Efforts are also being made by the
Provincial Branch to organize a
turkey Club in the Province, taking in
all the pure bred varieties. One of the
main objects of forming the club will
be to get out a reliable Breeders'
Directory. Many inquiries are being
received for turkey eggs and breeding
stock in the Province.
Breeders of either 'Light Sussex
poultry or Turkeys, who wish to join
either of these clubs notify G. L
Landon, District Poultry Instructor'
Nelson; or J. R. Terry, Department of
Agriculture, Victoria.
The Greenwood Hockey Club have
announced a Dance for Friday, April
20th. Bush's orchestra have been engaged for' the occasion. Watch for
Donations for' January and February
>  The Board'of- Directors thank,the
following donors:
Mrs. A. Sater, a steel; Mrs.-Wilson,
old linen;  Mrs. H. Pannell, flowers;
Mrs.  A.  Sater,  oranges;   Mrs.  H.  T.
"Newmarch, magazines;. H. W. Gregory,
' milk; J. C. Boltz, eggs.
Rock Creek and District
/ <	
On Monday the very sad news was
received in th'e Valley of the death pf
John (Johnnie) Jacques at St. Moritz,
Switzerland, where he was attending
the-'Winter Sports. The few particulars say he caught a bad cold which
developed into pneumonia from which
he died. His passing so suddenly ,hais
cast a gloom over, the entire Valley, as
he was a general favorite with everyone and an all round sportsman."
Many were the regrets expressed when
he left here three years ago for England and all hoped that he would
eventually return .tojiis ranch at Myn-'>
caster. Burial took place in England."
The sympathy of his many friends.and'
acquaintances in the entire Valley, is
extended to his mother and sister in
their sad bereavement.
-It registered 54 degrees below, zero
in Ontario on Friday, Feby 24th.- Rock
Creek must certainly be in the semi-
tropics for its warm sunny days and
lovely blue sky is certainly delightful.
The farmers are thinking the wood
tick will be making its unwelcome appearance shortly. Several q>f the Valley people have turned out their cattle
to feed on the open range, which is
clear of snow on the south slopes only.
Injnany placesjhe green grass .is half
an inch high and the children are on
the watch for the first buttercup of the
season. The pussy .willows are in
bloom and the blue birds are expected
back-any. day.
Ed. Madge,-who was "'for'two years
the genial clerk at Brown's Store, has
bought the old Larsen ranch, situated
'on Bridesville Road, and has said
goodbye to store-keeping in order to
try his luck at farming. He and his
family have taken up their residence
on the farm. His many friends wish
him success in his new undertaking.
Among the visitors to town on.Saturday from the surrounding country
were: Mr. and Mrs. Andy Johnson
and family, James Lindsay, A. D. McLennan, George Pitman,- F. Richter,
John Caldwell, David Caldwell, Ted
McArthur, Mr. and Mrs. T. Wilson.
John Walker of Meyers Creek, left
on Tuesday's train en route to Cornwall, Idaho, on a surprise visit" to his
daughter, Ida, and expects to reach
there on Friday for her birthday. He
intends tq stay for a few weeks rest
before" returning home. .  '
Milt Dressers friends will be sorry to
learn that he had a mild attack of the
Flu. He is now convalescent and expects shortly to be able to visit his old
friends again.
The black birds have arrived three'
weeks earlier than usual, from their
Winter sojourn in California.   "It is a
sure sign of Spring."
Mrs. Rupert Gray returned to Kettle
Valley on Monday morning's train
from a six months vacation in England
and Europe.
Ted McArthur of Midway, has used
his motor car all winter. The traveling
has been hard but Ted got there just
the same.
Major and Mrs. F. E. Glossop returned to Kettle Valley on Thursday
last from a two weeks visit to Vancouver.
There will be Divine Service in the
Anglican. Church, Kettle Valley, on
Sunday, March 4th at 11 a.m.
R. C. Johnston is the mathematical
log scaler for Ted McArthur.
George   Guise   of  Midway,   was   a
visitor to town on Saturday.
' Mrs. Carl Olson is indisposed with a
is do od tea
Red Rose Orange Pekoe is
the best tea you can buy
In clean, bright Aluminum
The Water Powers Of Canada
In tlie "forward look" which is now almost universally characteristic of
tha Canadian people regarding their Dominion, and which offers such a
sharp contrast to the less optimistic,���in fact the rather pessimistic,���view
entertained a comparatively few short years ago, the subject of power, and
. power development schemes,'looms very large, coupled with the question of
Improved and cheaper means of transportation which has always bulked
largely in ;the national policies of the country.
The development of power through the generation and application of
steam made the nineteenth century noteworthy, and introduced the age of
machinery in the work of production as contrasted with the old methods of,
handwork and manual labor. The closing years of the last century saw the.
beginn ngs of the development of power" through electrical energy, largely
developed through the primary utilization of steam. The internal combustion
gasoline and oil engines also had their beginning.
During the first quarter of the present century development'of electrical
energy, and of internal combustion engines, proceeded with amazing rapidity, particular attention being paid to the harnessing of water-powers
throughout the world'for the production of electrical energy in its cheapest
form and in enormous quantities, until it is now recognized that those countries possessing ample water-powers, and those natural resources that are
the basic requirements in .manufactures, are, and will to an ever increasing
���.extent be, the great industrial nations of the world..'" -
In extent, variety, and wealth of natural resources required JiT manufactures, and in the magnitude, of its available water-powers within reasonable
.distance of such resources, Canada is probably the richest country in the
known world, and the development of its -water-powers for use, and the consequent utilization of its natural resources, is going ahead by leaps and
bounds. The value of these water-powers' and' resources are only beginning
to be fully realized by tlie people as. a whole, and what they maybe made to
: mean in the .future, of.the Dominion. �� *    s*
Men of wealth, captains of industry, financial magnates, are alive to thc
importance of these grealf sources of potential wealth. They realize they are
the foundations upon which great enterprises and an abounding, prosperity
can be built. As a result a scramble, a struggle, for possession and control
- of water-powers is in progress, and it behooves the people of Canada to give
close attention and deep study to the many issues involved.
'" ��� Naturally two schools of 'thought have arisen as to" the policy which
should be'-followed in relation to possession, development and control ol
water-powers, one advocating retention by the Government, whether Federal" or Provincial, and development and ownership by such authority as a
matter of public policy; the other strongly urging private ownership, devel-
, opment ancl control. Il is argued, probably with, truth, that development will
" be more rapid through the investment of private capital than can possibly
be expected if left soleiy to Governments. It is funther argued that, through
the retention of a large measure of Government control over operations and
rales, the interests of the public and the country at large can be protected.
Advocates of complete Government ownership, on the other hand, contend that these water-powers are the property of and an asset to the whole
country, and should not be alienated; that these water-powers will run-on
forever and not be dissipated or exhausted as other resources may be; that,
even granting that development might be more rapid under private ownership and greater initiative shown through the investment of private capital,
the Canadian people will be "well advised to take the longer look into the
future of their country and protect that, future by retaining complete pos-1
session and direct control of these sources of industrial greatness and national wealth and prosperity.
Ontar o is practically committed to the   policy   of   public   ownership;.
Quebec, on the other hand, has followed the policy of development through
private investment.  Manitoba has both   public   and   private   development;
schemes ��� under way. Saskatchewan has a Power Commission studying the
 whole sub.-'ect. Manitoba and_Alberta are both striving to obtain control nf
Tribute To Sun Life President
Mr. T. B. Macauley, president of the
Sun Life Assurance Co., who recently
celebrated his fiftieth year of continuous service.
Rub Vicks on throat
and chest. Relieves
two ways at once-
absorbed, inhaled.
certain water-powers, title to which now rests with the Federal authorities.
And loonrng over all is the great issue of development and control of the
huge powers along the St. Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. ���
-This whole subject is &o vitally important to the future of Canada
it is well thakall citizens should give earnest and careful consideration to It,
and not be stampeded by private interests or by political catch-cries into
either approval or condemnation of any policy now presented until it has
been mest thoroughly examined and demonstrated to be sounds and wise, or,
on tbe other hand, inimical to the country's best interests.     "'
Manitoba Old Age Pensions
Monies To Be liaised By Special Levy
On Property
Monies for the payment of thc old
age pensions will be raised by a special levy on property ir the province,
based on the " equalized assessment.
Premier John Bracken told tho Manitoba Legislature, when introducing
the bill. One half of the total amount
LESSON No. 17^
Question: Why is
emulsified cod-liver oil
so. efficient a food ior
young children ?    /
'Answer: Rickets .or
weak bones are evidences
of lime-deficiency. : Emulsified vitamin-richcod-liver
oil helps Nature supply
this- deficiency, yxi
Pure, pleasantly flavored,
nothing quite surpasses     ,
necessary to finance the scheme will
be paid by the Dominion Government,
but the province will have to pay the
other half, and in addition will have
to bear the cost of administration,
which will be placed in the hands of
the Workmen's Compensation Board.
Extraordinary Expansion Of
Sun  Life  Assurance
Business Has Doubled On An Average Every Five Or Six
��� ���'''   Years
The extraordinary expansion of the
Sun Life Assurance Company, of
Canada during the last few years has
caused its annual report to be awaited with unusual interest, not only-by
the policyholders of the Company, but
by a large section of tlie general public.
Perhaps a sentimental interest attached to this expectation this. year,
because the President, Mr. T." B.
Macaulay, in October celebrated his
fiftieth year, of continuous service,
and it was known that the worldwide organization of the Sun Life
Company had determined to specially
honor his* jubilee with an outstanding
tribute in the form of increased business.        "~
Having in view the fact that the
Company's business has doubled on
an average every five or six years
since it was organized, it would appear rather difficult to outdo previous
records. But the annual report which
the ^President has just submitted, and
which appears in this issue, must
have surpassed the expectations of
the most sanguine. The total amount
of assurances in force.with the Company now approaches the billion and
a half figure, $1,487,000,000, an increase for the year of over $231 ��00,-
000. The total net income for the
year exceeded ��100,000,000���five times
what it was ten years ago, and more
than $23,000,000 in excess of the income for the previous year.
The. outstanding position of the Sun
Life Company in thc assurance'world
is not confined.to Canada. Such statistics,,, as are available for 1927 indicate that the aggregate new business
of all the companies operating in
North America last year barely exceeds the total new ^business of the
previous year. The increase in the
new business of the Sun Life of Canada, on the other hand, was twenty-
three per centJ Assurances in force on
the books^ of the" Company have
doubled in four years���new business
has trebled in that period.
This wonderful expansion' has been
paralleled by a great increase in the
already proverbial strength and resources of ..the Company. The assets
have been increased by over $56,000,-
tal of over,$400,000,000. The Company's assets approximate the amount
of the total assurances in force only
eight years ago.
Dread Of Asthma makes countless
thousands miserable." Night after
night tlie attacks return and even
when brief respite is given the mind
is still'in-torment from continual an-
ticipati'on. Dr. J. D. Kellogg's Asthma-Remedy changes all this. Reliel
comes, and at once, while future attacks are warded off, leaving the
afflicted one in a state of peace and
happiness he once, believed he could
never enjoy. Inexpensive and sold almost everywhere.
Thousands of people every day read
of and ask for "Orange Pekoe" tea,
yet rarely know what this' term
means. Mr. Spalding Black,, of the
Salada Tea Co., gives the following
information on the" subject:   .
"At one time China produced practically all the tea used in the world.
There tho tip leaves of the tea bush
looked silvery in color and when cured
were wiry in shape. These tip leaves
were called by the Chinese !!pak-ho"
(meaning silver hair). In the latter
part of'the nineteenth century, when
tea growing had spread extensively
to Ceylon and India, tea growers. discovered that.the color of the tip
leaves on the Ceylon and'Indian tea
bushes was changed by the climate
to a slightly more orange, shade, so
the Ceylon and Indian tip leaves came
to be called "Orange Pak-ho." This
was soon Anglicized to the term we
now have���"Orange Pekoe," which
should be pronounced "Peek-o."
-The ordinary buyer of tea, when
asking 'for "Orange Pekoe" expects
to receive a Ceylon or Indian Black
Tea. However, there are so many
qualities of "Orange Pekoe" offered
to the public, and frequently at bargain prices,: that a word of warning
is necessary.
Everyone is familiar with the merchant who has perishable fruit and
who sellsJEor very low .prices; the last
of the shipment which has lost its
freshness, which the merchant wants
to be rid of to avoid loss. The same
thing applies to tea, which-also" is
very perishable if exposed to the air.
When you'see cheap tea, it is either
very poor quality or else it has lost
its freshness and most of its strength,
whether this tea is called "Orange
Pekoe".or not.
In this age of well-edited newspapers, ' radios, automobiles and fast
trains, accurate knowledge on a great
host of subjects is transmitted rapidly. The advance of science has nowhere been more valuable to mankind, except perhaps in preventive
medicine, than in the means of protecting the purity and goodness of
food stuffa.
���Today, in accord with enlightened
knowledge, the best tea is always
sold in sealed air-tight packages, preserving it from deterioration in flavor
and contamination1 from any outside
source. Canadian tea-drinkers are today getting better and purer tea than
ever bsfore. The sales of well-blendea
and carefully packed package teas
are constantly increasing as. a result
of the purity and superiority of these
teas being advertised to the,public."
If one be troubled with, corns, he
will find in Holloway's, Corn Remover
an- application that will entirely relieve suffering."
Scheme For Aerial Signs
Principal   European   Cities   To   See
-��� Signals Flashed From Air ���
Giant equipped aeroplanes and rigid airships of new designs are soon to
be employed in organized schemes for
flashing aerial night signs^above the
principal cities of Europe.
One project nearing completion is
for a powerful multi-e'ngin'ed nifctit-
flying plane with a device underneath
its widespread wing which will permit huge gleaming letters to be spelt
out by an operator as the machine
rushes through the darkness.
Another plan in active preparation
is for a super-giant ingeniously equipped airship to be stationed, permanently in a big shed at Friedrichshafen,
ahd to set off on long distance flights
during which'it will appear suddenly
in.the night sky above one great city
after another.
On either side of the-monster's hull
will be' immensely long frames containing countless electric light bulbs
of various colors. As. the machine sails
majestically above a densely populated^ area, electricians in a chamber
within its keel will tap keys and cause
great letters to flash out along "the
airship's sides, spelling words which
will be seen by the throng gazing up.'
Yet another plan .being worked upon is for a- series of pilotless air
machines of a perfect type, wirelessly
controlled to be,sent "up on night
flights. '
These manless craft, emitting a luminous smoke stream, would go up
and repeat automatically a series of
prearranged evolutions which would
form easily seen letters at great
heights in the darkness.
��� ���      <'
Birds In Northern Canada
According to explorers of the Topographical Survey of the Department
of the Interior, the predominant bird
note of the Northern woodlands oi
Canada, in the latitude - of Great
Slave Lake, is that of the white-
throated sparrow, while the plains
to the North of this wooded area are
always associated with the plaintive
song of the Lapland Longsp'ur. This
friendly little bird is always about
camp and follows the traveller on his
i*J5> Why pay ni��ot�� doable prices for tntr.
*�� V-^ shrubs and plants! Hay Canadian-grown
i��^\  Block direct from u�� and bsvo sgent'a
(?.>J commissions. Wo handle only high grade
��l    stock, guaranti'cd trae-to-name.  Our
packing and shipping facilities nre tin-;
excelled���customers everywhere endorsa
onr money-saving b&Icb methods.  All
standard variutlca of fruits, berries,
shrubs, ornamental trees, bulbs, etc.. fully
described in our largo completo catalogue,
with explicit planting directions.  You'll
savo money and get better results wiih our
i Stock. Bend today for catalog���it's TREK.
Boa K FonthlH, Ontario
for our free list of Inventions wanted, and free ndvlco. The Ramsey
Company, International Patent Attorneys.
271 Bank St., Ottawa,
Loganberry- Wine
In 1927 some 90,000 gallons of
loganberry wine were manufactured
in British Columbia, as against 25i-
000 gallons in 1924 .according to S.
G. Coventry in the Provincial Legislature, urging tlie local sale of the"
wines to further expand the industry.
Mrs. Geo. McKenzie,' Campbellford,
Ont.,,writes:���"A short time ago'I
was troubled very bftdy with my heart
and nerves, the cause of, it, I think, -
waa my going througlv-the change of
life. / ...      .      .
"I was very weak ��� arid melancholy,
aad so nervous I could hardly bear
to hear a clock ticking, and I did not
deep well.
"I was advised to try       j   .
so I sent'at one*
for a box; took
them and got an-
1 other, and before
they were all gono
I felt,,, good, my
nerves'are -fme,*I
"do not mind any
noise, and I caa
sleep well. I cannot recommend thorn too highly to
those suffering as I did."
Price 50c. a box at all draggists and
dealers, or,mailed direction receipt of
prico by The T, Milbura Co., Limited,
Toronto, Ont.
Muscular Rheumatism Subdued. ���
When one is a sufferer from muscular rheumatism he cannot do better
than to have the-region rubbed with
Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil. Let the
rubbing be brisk and continue until
ease is secured. There is more virtue
in a bottle of it than can be fully.es-
Life's greatest illusion is that
money brings contentment and felicity. Nothing of the kind. It brings responsibilities and worries.
Was a Fast Worker ,
With lightning speed a "cat" burglar ransacked a room in an Esher
Hotel and escaped with jewellery
worth ��250. In three minutes the thief
climbed througli a. second-floor window; ransacked a wardrobe, portmanteau and a chest of drawers, and escaped down the stackpipe.
At Grun,' Germany, in the same
parallel of latitude as Newfoundland,
are the most northern vineyards in
the world.
-Many a man.who is fancy free"does
not fancy his freedom.        -     .    .
Advocates Film Censure
Member     Of    Ontario    Legislature
Wants Films Specially Censored
For Children
Aureliah Belanger has given, notice of his bill to amend the Theatres
and Cinematographs Act, as indicated when he was addressing the Ontario legislature recently. It proposed
appointment to the board of censors
of a man whose duty it would be to
revise films from the standpoint of
their effect upon children. Approved
iilms would be stamped to indicate
that they may be exhibited to children under 16, Tho^e not so approved
would not be permitted to be shown
children, even when they are accompanied by parents or guardians.
liecord In Miniature .Writing
Writing in   miniature   on , three;
penny pieces is the hobby of a Har-
! row engraver. He has just completed
: engraving the"Lord's Prayer twelve
��� times on one of the small coins. And
there is still room for (three more
versions! He thus beats the record
; of a Southampton man, who succeed-
��� ed in writing the Lord's Prayer 11
and two-thirds times' in a space the
[size of a threepenny piece.
W.   N.   V.   1722
Keep Minard's in the Medicine Chest.
Canadian Coal Industry
The number of men employed in the
coal Industry of Canada last year was
29,004, divided between 6.611 surface
nien and 22,393 under ground. Nova
Scotia mines employed 13,402 persons; Alberta, 9,469, and British Columbia, 4,903. Saskatchewan had 648
and New Brunswick, 582.
True love will conquer a great
manyi obstacles, but. poverty and the
toothache are, exceptions.
Most Competent Air Pilot
Colonel     Lindbergh .   Can     JEeasily
Qualify For This Title
At Havana - Colonel Lindbergh
completes his program of Latin
American visits. Twelve indepen-
dent nations, a British colony,.'
two insular possessions of the .United
States and the Panama Canal Zone
have been visited by him since December 13, when. he rose from Boiling Field in Washington under
weather conditions that to ''many
seemed' inauspicious, but which to his
trained intelligence were propitious.
Each trip was a pioneer voyage.
Lindbergh's maps were necessarily
makeshift affairs for; he blazed the
trail over uncharted wildernesses,
���seeing what no man ever saw before,
solving problems never before faced.
He sailed near sea level, at high altitudes, in weather fair and weather,!
foul. He kept his.schedule as a railway president might hopes to have a
train keep its schedule.    *
It is all very extraordinary in aviation as at present developed. It is also very fascinating. But above all it
silences those inevitable ones who are
Inclined to say that.every great feat,
like the flight from New York to
Paris, is "luck." The conviction is
nearly universal that Colonel Charles
A. Lindbergh, formerly of the United
States Air Mail Service, is about the
most competent pilot in the world.
One or two drops of tincture of
iodine will vanquish germs in a quart
of unsafe water within 20 to 30 minutes.
For Troubles
due to Acid
What many people call Indigestion
very often means excess acid in the
stomach. The, stomach nerves have
been over-stimulated, and food sours.
The corrective is an alkali, which neutralizes acids instantly. And the best
alkali known to medical science is
Phillips' Milk of Magnesia. It has remained the standard with physicians
in the 50 years since its invention.
One   spoonful   of   this   harmless,
tasteless alkali in water will neutralize instantly many times as much
acid, and tlie symptoms disappear at
once. You will never use crude methods when once, you learn the efficiency
of-this. Go get a small bottle to try.
.��� Be sure to get the genuine Phillips'
Milk of Magnesia prescribed by physicians for 50 years in correc'ing excess acids. Each bottle contains full
directions���any drugstore..
Nursing Record In Two
.Continents Hard to Equal
-������_ Nurse Walte of New Brighton writes:
" "While nursing in'New York, in my
early twenties, I wa9 poisoned by food,
my sister nurse recommended your
wonderful Vegetable Laxative Pills. -
. "I am never without,thenr and have
prescribed them for thousands of my
patients who were suffering with indigestion, gas and sour stomach, biliousness, sick headache and indigestion
caused by constipation poisoning."
(All druggists���25c and 75c red jtkg^
A Prime DrcssIngiFor Wounds. ���
In some factories and workshops carbolic efcid is kept for use in cauterizing wounds and cuts sustained by the
workmen. Far better to keep on hand
a bottle of Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil.
It is just as quick In action and does
not scar the skin or burn the flesh.
-���> y������ ..������������ ,>        T
Will Shelton, chief of the Snohomish tribe of Indians, is carving his
tribe's history on a huge cedar pole.
Sawgrass, a tall grass that grows
in marshy places in Florida, is used
for making paper pulp.
Minard's Liniment���Invaluable la the
CUT IT���It doesn't tear easily
There's no denying that the
most careful'carpenter doesn't
handle his tools with the dainty
movements of a dentist,   -
Consequently he will appreci-'
ate a building paper which allows him to throw careful hand-
lling to the windsand work
rapidly without fear of tearing.
Hercules Permanent Building
Paper is tough. Tearing or
'cracking in using is unheard of.
Carpenters prefer it because it
W$ '8 *asy to use. v
Hercules���in three- grades, x
light," xx   medium,   and   xxx
' heavy, is wind proof and damp
Send now for^Tamples and
prices. "*'
4. X,
. ;;'-'' \*lyfyy'.:M.��
Yf you give- us their names, your
���*���' relatives and friends may obtain
the low ocean rate of ��i, reduced railroad fares, and FREE transportation for
children under 17, providing they are
placed in farm or domestic employment.
��� Ask at once for details of the
British Nomination Scheme
.  from any of our offices or agents
Saint John
Study Of the Atom
Some Practical Results From the
"Application Of Atomic
The outstanding development of
science in the twentieth' century has'
been the increase in knowledge about
atomsT the ultimate particles of matter. Physical'investigation has shown
that atoms are composed of a. relatively massive nucleus surrounded by
a cloud of electrons. These electrons,
���'. therefore, are a universal constituent
���of all matter, and the investigation of
their properties has been a subject of
profound ��� scientific interest. Recently
at the Dominion 'Astrophysical Observatory at Victoria, British Columbia,
an examination "was made of the
mass of the electron.and other atomic
dimensions from studies of the spectra of some^very hot stars.- One important result of this investigation
was to show that the structure, and
dimensions of the atom were exactly
. the same jn the hottest and most distant stars as on the earth, an important confirmation of the homogeneity
of matter throughout the universe.
I Thus, by collaboration, largely be-
|. tween physicists and astronomers, the
modern comprehensive knowledge-of
|'. the "structure'of matter has been built
In this respect It may he appropriate to recall hQW this knowledge
has reacted upon the practical life of
the community! Modern developments
in certain improved' X-ray tubes
which have revolutionized medicine
and.certain branches of industry.have
come*'directly from an application ot
modern-atomic theories:"5 Again, the
recent almost miraculous growth ot
radio broadcasting and reception is.
due largely to research on atomic
These important inventions,-to say
nothing "of the modern developments
In the reproduction of music, the detection of icebergs by-heat rays, ancl
other more or less important devices,
[are all the outgrowth" of "modern
knowledge of. atomic .structure. ..-. In
short these integral parts of present-
day civilization arc clue to research in
physics and astrophysics alone.
Product Of New. World    '
Skyscrapers Are Efficient But Can-
-     not Be Made Beautiful-. .
- The first skyscraper-was the Tower
of Babel., It was ��� not ��� a success. The
job seems to have ended in a general
Since that far day the skyscraper
has grown in favor, utility and appearance. It lias become, ��� in fact,, tlie
chosen architecture of North America. The Old World may stick to the
old styles, wliich express rest, beauty
and sharm, but the New World develops a style of its own which expresses power and striving. The skyscraper ,is: the symbol of a future
which always aspires.
The skyscraper "is a" hard thing to
endow with beauty, but the architects
have been busy with it to good effect,
so that if now it does not spell grace
it stands for grandeur.- Grandeur is
moro difficult to live with than beauty and charm, but it is our fate to
fall on these gargantuan times. and
we. must not repine. One could wish
that the grandeur were confined-to
the public buildings, but the skyscraper already makes inroads on our
private life. The more modern apart-'
ment houses begin to .assume these-,
towering lines and a hundred years
from now; the inhabitants of all our
great cities will be practically cliff
The skyscraper-is efficient but" it is
not .beautiful, save in the ��� sense that
strength is beautiful.'7We"call it a new
mode of architecture; biit its elements
are as old as the hills. When it is not
a - tower^it, is a pyramid. Sometimes
it is:both..
As Shakespeare says, foreboding
no doubt these huge and hulking edifices, "the cloudcapped towers,... the
gorgeous palaces." Alas they are om
destiny- They astound and amaze,
biit they bring no peace to our souls.
���Montreal Star.   ���
Among the "lost property" found
in London's    underground    railways
���during the past year were 20,000. pairs
1 of gloves, 12,000 umbrellas,"and 5,000
[walking sticks. -      ,''
Ruth, "Does George know much
, about his work?"
Agnes:,"I think not; he's worked
in a packing plant for years and he
I can't even pack a suitcase."
A Blessing to People
of Advanced Years
Gin Pills relieve sufferers
from kidney and bladder
"I wonder if you really know what
a blessing Gin Pills aro to people ot
advanced years.
"I am 72 years of age, and suffered
for a considerable time with kidney and
Madder trouble; My rest was broken
through havinc to'get up in the night
three and four times. Later I suffered
with pains in the bladder, and my
eon, who had used Gin Pills for pains
Iii the backhand, lumbago,' bought me
" a box. Before I had finished, it I waa
relieved of the pains in.my bladder
end had to get up'less frequently. At
my axo I can scarcely expect to bo
permanently free from troubles of
this kind, but if Gin : Pills will (five
others the relief they have given me,
they will be a blessing indeed." " .
(Name on request.)
Prompt and lasting relief has
been found in Gin Pills by thousands of people of advanced years
who have had kidney or bladder
trouble.' If oven slightly troubled
in this way, get a box today at
your druggist's ��� 50c. National
Drug & Chemical Company of
.Canada, Limited, Toronto, Canada.'
W.   N.   U.   1722
/ . Claims Dog Can Talk
Vocabulary Of Brindle French:.Bull
Includes Several Words
The Boston Herald describes-as-the
heroine of., the'fashinoable' dog' club
show here���a .dog that speaks.
From time immemorial the command, "speak" .has brought forth
from the canine world, nothing more
intelligible than a bark. From Princess - Jacqueline, three-year-old brindle-French-bull, it elicits a distinct
Princess Jacqueline is the property
of Mrs. Mabel A. Robinson, of Bangor, Me.,, who acquired-her when she
was. seven weeks old and ever' since
has concentrated on making the dbg
talk. The Princess'��� "Hello" comes in
a high-pitched falsetto voice, hut it
is a real "Hello." When asked where
she wants to go, the. animal responds
"Out" and to demonstrate its civic
pride has included "Bangor" -in its
growing vocabulary. .
Mrs. Robinson commandedi the dog
to spell the letters of the word "bell,"
and, repeating' after' her mistress,
Princess Jacqueline spelled "bell."
_Each_sqund_._\vas_understandable -���
��� The dog has even mastered verb
forms" and registers likes and dislikes with "I will" or "I won't," according to' her mood.. Princess
views' her aristocratic but barking
companions with something' akin to
'a"disdainful silence until her;mistress
coaxes her into conversation. Then
she brightens up and becomes for the
moment the centre of the show.
U.S.-British Air
Service Is Expectcd-.To Start Within
Three Months
Regular trans-Atlantic mail and
passenger service by dirigible airships, will be instituted within three
months, with the co-operation and
approval of the United States (Government, Secretary Hoover said, in
announcing the conclusion of a conference with representative British
interests who are responsible for the
The dirigible R-100, now under construction in England, designed to carry 100 passengers and ten tons of
mail, is to^inaugurate the new air
service on a tentative schedule thai
will consume 48 hours'on her westward voyages and 38 hours on the
eastward! run.
The United States. Government will
lend the R-100 the use of the naval
air station mooring mast,and equipment at Lakehurst, N.J. -
In case the trial trips with the
R-100 justify the outlay, Mr. Hoover
said, Americans will, be invited to
associate themselves with the British
enterprise in the construction of several additional dirigibles for the service.
'Vicar: "I am very sorry indeed to
hear of your sad bereavement, Mrs.
Jones. I should have thought thatto
have drowned himself would have
been the 'last thing your husband
would have done."   " ���
Mrs. Jones: "It were."
Why is Red Rose Tea so
fresh .and flavory? The
answer is that it is a blend
of the choicest, juiciest
leaves, picked when only ten
days old���and sold by your
grocer ih clean, bright
aluminum. No tea can be
expected to retain its richness and ^.strength unless
packed in,this modern metal
container���the only package
worthy of Red Rose quality.
He Filed a Nation In War
Author Of "John Brown's Body,"
���    Passes To His Reward
There were few to remark' the
death at Maiden; Mass., the .other
day of Henry J. "Hallgreen. Indeed
there probably are few who could
tell who he was. Yet he inspired millions, in his day, with veritable free-
zy, and his contributions to the Great
American Civil War may be said to
have-kept the war alive until the issue which caused it was dead.
Who, then, was this man ? HeT'was
the author of a "song not yet forgotten, "John "Brown's Body Lies a-
Mouldering In the Grave." In far-off
days of the great' struggle between
the American North and South thousands of northern soldiers chanted
the grim words of this-song as they
marched across the Southern countryside or swung into action. Thousands
of hearts once responded to tlie fierce
determination / expressed-' ih those
lines. Indeed, plallgreen's- song so
perfectly expressed the attitude of
the North that it was the only recruiting literature found necessary
for; the prosecution of the war.. -
As for Hallgreen, he rose to be .captain of Massachusetts' "Fighting Tiger Regiment," served throughout-the
war and then retired to the bosom of
the Grand Army of the Republic. He
lived to the ripe old age of 95. ���
Has Many Underground Rooms
.250,000   In   London-  County   Havo
Ceilings At Street Level
A recent census' in " one London
borough alone * reveals the existence
of 7,000 basement rooms, of which
1,500 have .ceilings at street level and
are death-traps, therefore, if floods
come. It is. estimated tliat there are
250,000 basement rooms in the' County of London. ^
Of course, not all are used as sleep
ing apartments,' but the majority are
habitations for day use and are let to
people who cannot yet find other
homes. One can scarcely 'call, this
condition of things "shameful."- It is
an unwholesome legacy of the war,
and. borough authorities, in sheer
mercy, are compelled to turn a blind
eye to theiaw until, arrears of building, particularly of workmen's' dwel
lings, have been wiped out. They cannot turn the people into the street.
Trail Riding In the Rockies .
There is no place in the Canadian
enjoyable than in Waterton Lakes
National Park, in southern-Alberta
Over 150 miles of trails, broad, well-
made and so "safe that not even the
most timorous may feel alarm, are
open to the visitor. Nearly a score of
trips can be arranged from the town
site of Waterriton Park.     '-
. Dismal Patient:. "Yes, doctor, my
head is like a lump of lead, my neck's
as stiff as a.drainpipe, my chest's like
a furnace, and my muscles contract
like bands of iron."
Doctor: "I'm not sure you shouldn't
have gone to a hardware dealer."
A new bullet will make ��� easier the
task of capturing big game, alive
The bullet inflicts only a flesh wound;
but carries a chemical preparation
which brings about temporary - unconsciousness.
On Arms and Legs Six
Years. Cuticura Heals.
" When I was a small boy eczema
broke out on my arms and legs in
small pimples. As I grew older the
eczema became wet and turned very
red, and my clothing aggravated it.
It itched and burned eo that many
a night I could not sleep. The trouble continued for six years.
"A friend advised Cuticura Soap
and Ointment so I sent for a free
sample. I found great relief after
using it so purchased a cake of
Cuticura Soap and a box of Cuticura Ointment which healed me."
(Signed) Louis W. Plunz, 7128
Jasper Ave., Edmonton, Alta.
Use Cuticura Soap, Ointment and
Talcum for dally toilet purposes.
Bunpli Each Vnt *T Hill Addreii Canadian
Depot: -SUnhoiM. Ltd, UontruL" Price, Soap
2Se._Ointm*nt !S and SOc. Talcum 25e.
Cuticura Sharinc Stick 25c,
C.P.R. Has Big Program
Will Employ Thousands Of Men and
Spend Millions Of Dollars On
���   New Work In West
Work for thousands of men in
-Western Canada and . payrolls running into, millions of dollars are indicated in the western building and expansion program of the'Canadian Pacific Railway for the 1928'season. The
details of the program were announced by D. C. Coleman, vice-president
of western lines".
Tenders are already out i'or some
of the work and operations will be
pushed to the utmost as soon as
spring opens.up.
In Saskatchewan ��� new' stations
will be erected at MTcMahon^'Armley,
Sylvania, Laevert, Neilburg^ Grane
Valley, Tuberose, Rockglen,. Coronach, -Fox Valley and Carmichael.
���At Queenstown and Hebbema .in
Alberta, new, stations will be erected, the program states. A number of
stations will be erected at different
towns in Manitoba. The capacity of
the Weston freight car shops near
Winnipeg are to be doubled and the
locomotive shops enlarged.
At the town of Hardisty, Wilkie
and' Goudie, in Saskatchewan, new
coaling plants will be built and the
same construction;will occur at Vulcan,. Alta,, and at Crow's Nest. Nelson and Tadanac' in .British Columbia. Additional washout-plants will be
installed at .Calgary. Red Deer terminal ' will be extended, - additional
trackage will be built at Ogden, Calgary and Winnipeg and at Vancouver new tracks will be built to serve
the. company'.? pier? and' also to serve
the grain elevator��� to ne.constructed
near the Second Narrows bridge.
A1 very extensive program - of
bridge replacements"will be undertaken and approximately 250 miles
of 100 pound steel will be placed in
tlie main track west of Swift Current.
By Enriching Their Blood With
. Dr. Williams'-Pink Pills
Rheumatism is.a disorder of the
blood. It attacks people when the
blood is thin and impure, thus setting
up inflammation of the muscles and
joints. Wet or cold weather may start
the pains of rheumatism, but is not
the cause. The cause is in the blood.
Hot applications or rubbing with liniments may ease the pain, but do not
reach the cause and the pains'" are
soon back again. To get rid of' this
most painful "trouble "you must, treat
it through the blood and.for this.purpose nothing else can equal Dr.'Williams' Pink Pills, which' from first
dose.to last actually make new," rich
blood, .thus driving the rheumatic
poisons "from the system. Mr. Henry
E. Arrilro, Lower East Pubnico, N.S.,
tells what .these pills-did-for him.
He says:���"I had an attack of acute
rheumatism so bad that I��. could not
.walk a' hundred yards without so
much suffering that I would feel
faint. I could not do the least work,
and any movement-caused great'pain.
I was under the. care of a doctor but
did not improve much. Then reading
"of a similar case in a newspaper I decided to try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.
By the time I had uscd three boxes,
tliere was no doubt they were helping
me. .1 took altogether about a dozen
boxes when I was entirely relieved of
the trouble, able to walk four'miles to
my work, chop wood all day, and then
walk home again. To anyone suffering
from rheumatism I can stronely recommend Dr. Williams' Pink Pills."
You can get these pills through any
medicine dealer or by mail at 50
cents';a box from The!Dr. Williams'
Medicine Co.,' Brockville, Ont.
. Heavy' Livestock Shipments
Livestock handled during the:year
1927 at Lethbridge at'the yards was
double the total of 1926. Hogs showed
a 50 per cent, increase' due" to'heavy
shipments to the United States coast
markets, and horses doubled in number due to shipments to Russia and a
keen demand in Eastern Canada. The
sheep run was exceptionally heavy. -
Shipbuilding In Canada
A total of 395 ships were built in
Canada during 1926, according to a
report of the Department of Marine
and Fisheries."" These vessels had an
aggregate gross tonnage of . 48,395
and a net tonnage of 37,806. British
Columbia.led in the shipbuilding with
253 vessels to her credit.
Minard's Liniment kills. warts.
Clerk���"You say it's not ink In this
bottle? Why, certainly it's ink."
Shopper���"Well, it.says right here
on the label: 'made by the Blank &
Blank Company.   Not inc.1"
Protect the child from the ravages
of worms by using Mother- Graves'
Worm Exterminator. It is a standard
remedy, and years of use Lave enhanced its reputation.
Pierre Charles L'Enfant, a French
engineer, planned the layout of the
city of Washington in 1791.
Success is merely the matter of
doing the right thing ' at. the right
To break a cold harmlessly and in a hurry try an Aspirin tablet
And for headache.. The action of Aspirin is very efficient too iii
cases^of neuralgia, neuritis, even rheumatism and lumbago I And
there s no after effect; doctors give Aspirin^ to children���often
infants. Whenever thefe's pain, think of Aspirin. The genuine
Aspirin has Bayer on the" box and on every'tablet; All drueeists
.with proven directions. J
Physicians prescribe Aspirin;
it does NOT affect the heart
Little Helps For This Week
' "Be not hasty in thy spirit' to be
angry; for anger res.teth in the bosom
of fools."���Eccl. vii. 9.       �����
As through an ill-thatched roof
The pelting rains descend,
So an unthinking mind
The stormy passions rend;
As well-thatched roofs defy .the rain,
So passions crash and dash against 1
The /thoughtful mind in vain. j
���  ���The Dhammapada.'
(Like those who burn their houses,
and themselves  within  them,  anger'
makes all things within full of confusion, smoke, and noise; so that the
soul can neither see nor hear any-j
thing tliat might relieve it.,, Wherefore,-sooner will an empty ship in a
storm at sea admit of -a governor
from   without,   than  a   man, tossed
with anger, and rage,- listen to the advice of another, unless he have; his
own. reason first prepared to enter-
Tain it.���Plutarch.
More than 65 per cent, of the passengers who cross the Atlantic to see
Europe are women, many of them
elderly.'Seventy per cent, of the passengers on cruise3 are married couples.       '..���'-
One of the most effective vermifuges on the market is Miller's Worm
Powders. They will not only clear the.
stomach and bowels of worms, but
will prove a very serviceable medicine for children in regulating the in- ���
fantile system and .maintaining it" in
a healthy condition. There is nothing
in tlieir composition that will injure
the most delicate stomach, when directions are followed, and.they can
be given to children in the full assurance .that they will utterly destroy
all worms. '"       , '���'.'������
Fish bones are being turned-' into
ornaments for women's -hats'by an
English firm.
Prince Owns Oyster Beds
Leases Ground In Duchy Of Cornwall
To Company
"^I~\TOnder Tiow*Jma,ny peopl(T~kn ow
that among the many varied possessions of the Prince of Wales are
flourishing oyster beds in the Duchy
of Cornwall. The Prince does not
breed them himself,-, but leases 400
acres of groundJ;at Port Navas to a
company and allows them to be bred
in the River Fai and afterwards
transferred -to a stretch of "sweet"
water at Helford. Although he is not
a great oyster-eater, himself, H.R.H.
takes such an interest in an industry
which gives employment to many of
his Duchy tenants that I hear he has
converted the King not .onty to having a regular weekly supply sent to
Buckingham Palace, .but to having
no others on the royal table.
Another Aid.To Aviation
Radio Signals Guide Pilots Through
Fog and Storm
One more obstacle to safe aviation
��� fog ��� is about to be overcome
through experiment, says Col. Paul
."Since" radio engineers have found
that radio waves can be directed
through ether," Col. Henderson said,
"experts have evolved a system of
guiding pilots through fog and storms
by means of radio signals.
"In a recent experiment one airman hadvbeen guided through an intense fog from a New York field to
one in Western Pennsylvania."
Bubonic    plague   killed   off   one-:
fourth of the world's population -in
1348. ��� ,    v
In order to demonstrate the advantage of using clean seed special seed-
cleaning machinery is to be, taken
through the province of Nova Scotia
by the provincial Department of Natural Resources for the purpose of
enabling farmers to clean their seed.
Jules Verne was born'a hundred
years ago, and the extravagant.fancies that made'him a popular writer
of fiction have become the sober commonplaces of oui? everyday life.
On fishing trips take Minard'*
No mother in this enlightened ago
would give, her baby something sha
did not know w^g perfectly harmless,
especially when "a few drops of plain
Castoria will right a babv's stomach
and end almost any little'ill. Fretful-
ness and fever, too; it seems no tima
until everything is serene.
That's the beauty of Castoria; its
gentle -influence seems just what i3
needed. It ,does all that castor oil
might accomplish, without shock to'
the system. Without the evil taste. It's
delicious! Being purely vegetable,
you can .give it as often as there's "a
sign of (colic;''constipation'; diarrhea;
or need to aid sound, natural sleep.
Just one warning: it is genuino
Fletcher's Castoria that physicians
recommend. Other preparations may
be just" as " free from all doubtful
drugs,' but no child of this writer's ia
going to test them! Besides the boon
on care and feeding of babies - that
comes with Fletcher's ��� Castoria. is
worth its weight in gold.   .
Children Cry for
.ism �����
The Greenwood Ledge
Published every Thursday at
Greenwood, B.C.
Editor and Proprietor
" Subscription: In Canada and to Gt.
Britain, $2.00 a year in advance; $2.50
vhen not paid for three months or
more have passed.- To the United
States $2.50, always In advance.
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices...$25.00
Coal and Oil Notices    700
Estray Notices   ���    3-��0
Cards of Thanks     1-00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(When more than one. claim appears
'in  notice,  $5.00 for each  additional
claim.      .
All other legal advertising 16 cents
a line first insertion, and 12 cents a
line for each subsequent insertion, non-
. pareil measurement.
Business locals 12He a line each insertion.
No letter to the editor will be in
sorted except over the proper signature and address of the writer   ���"��
rule admits of no exceptions.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be
pleased to have more money.
Victoria, Feb. 29th.���Businessmen in
all lines of endeavor throughout the
province are expressing approval of the
announcement that British Columbia
will be extensively advertised by the
government. During consideration of
the estimates in the legislature it was
stated that already moving pictures
showing the province's opportunities
and industrial and commercial development have been made. When
they are edited and suitably prepared
they will be sent on their mission of
boosting British Columbia. Higher
votes for various forms of advertising
will be provided. This year's estimate
is placed at $65,000 and Premier Mac-
Lean states it is his intentipn to, extend this service.
Outlining tlie work being Jlgne at
British Columbia House, London, by
Agent-General P. A. - Pauline, Premier
MacLean recently informed the legislature that British is looking more and
more to the investment opportunities
in this province. British Columbia
timber, fruit and minerals are coming
to the fore rapidly in the Old Country
demand, and . a greatly increased
amount of capital is being invested in
British Columbia ventures.
��� Disciples of greater flexibility in the
the English language now asks the
literary world to accept "Aren't I?" as
a fit and proper substitute for "Am I
not?" Sticklers for purity, of course,
afe shocked at the suggestion, while
even the great army of followers of
-"Ain't I?" express their, disgust over a
proposal that is based upon no more
.legitimate grounds. '
"Am I-not?" is declared to be too
cumbersome by such an authority as
Prof. Samuel Moore of the University
of Michigan, who' has thrown the mantle of his approval upon "Aren't I?"
and thereby given it a status it has not
hitherto    enjoyed.    "Ain't"    appears
' In most dictionaries, but apparently
with no idea of giving it a standing,
as it is knocked down as speedily as
it is set up witli the significant little
battery of italicized. words���colloquial
or illiterate."
But "Aren't I?" as a contraction of
"Am I not?" presents something analogous to a grammatical anamorphosis. How "Am I not?" can be
squeezed down into "Aren't I?" passeth
the average understanding. Placing a
perfectly good "Am I not?" in a letterpress or similiar device-and subjecting
it ,to several hundred pounds' pressure,
an experimenter would find, if he
found anything at all, not an "Aren't
I?" but either the ancient and offensive ��� "Ain't,I?" or a peculiar-looking
ahd certainly no less offensive "Am't
Thus far no outstanding authority on
the English language "has boldly come
forward - with an indorsement of
"Am't I?" as an economical substitute
for "Am I not?" And yet a quasi
approval has been given to such a
transparent distortion as "Aren't I?"
which, to use a colloquial expression,
"hasn't.a leg to stand on" when it is
submitted to the most casual grammatical test.���Christian Science Monitor.
Preliminary steps towards the writing of another chapter in the Liberal
government's record of social legislation are being ��� taken. The,, issue is
health insurance, sponsered ��� chiefly by
Dr. H. C. Wrinch, Liberal member for
Skeen'a, and generally approved by the
MacLean administration.
Dr. Wrinch has introduced a resolution asking for the appointment of a
special committee to consider health
insurance, and it is expected before the
end. of thhe present session a report
will have been submitted.
British Columbia is now far in advance of other provinces of Canada in
social legislation in force. The passing
iof health insurance legislation would
place the province in a' remarkably
advanced position.
The health conditions of British Columbia's finances was fairly pointed out
in the legislature recently by Attorney-
General A. M. Manson, who closed the
budget debate for the government. As
Minister of Finance, Premier Mac-
Lean had delivered the budget speech
and could' not take the floor again.
In his stead Hon. Mr. Manson pointed out that the total debt of British
Columbia is;-, carried at an interest rate
of 4.76 pe fcent., the lowest of any
province iir-^Canada. He also stated
that when the finance minister sold
British Columbia bonds last year for
the low interest rate of 4.42 per cent,
the issue was' eagerly subscribed for.
One other province sold bonds at an
interest, rate-of only two-tenths of one
per cent, higher than that of the British Columbia securities, but the brokers
could not dispose of the bonds, without
some delay.
Judging from recent reports, silver
fox raising in Canada is becoming an
important and profitable industry. A
shipment of 95 of these beautiful animals from a ranch near Riding Mountain, Manitoba, not long ago represented a value of $47,000, according to a
Winnipeg newspaper.
Starting with five pairs in 1923, this
particular ranch now has about 500
foxes and employs. 30 men during the
busy season. > Similiar reports of success have come from other parts of the
Dominion. u
Aside from the profits which un
doubtedly accrue on a well-managed
fox ranch, the industry has another
commendable feature. The raising of
the animals in this manner, whereby
they are well cared for during their
lifetime.is a much more humane process for securing furs than by ordinary trapping methods.
" Discovery of a complete cure for pernicious anemia, is announced by Dr.
George R. Minot of Harvard Medical
School and approved by authorities.
The cure has been found to be liver extract, and the preparation in powder
form is now available for the public.
Usually, in one month, the worst case
can be restored to normal. The announcement sent liver in prices in
Canada soaring, indicating the disease
is widespread.
[ERR is not liquorj it is
liquid food., A 4iquor
is a beverage in which
alcohol is the base and
principal ingredient, as, for %:
instance, whisky. In beer
the alcohol is only incidental, being about the
one thirtieth (h) part of it,
just enough as a valuable
aid to digestion.,.
Professor:   "Why don't you answer
Student:   "I did shake my head."
Professoi;:   "1 didn't hear anything."
June Bride:   "I would like to buy an
easy chair for my husband."
. Salesman:   "Morris?"
JuneNBride: '.'No, Clarence."���Watchman-Examiner.
other's songs is diflicult to know.
They' certainly stimulate one another
ln good-works. Their joy seems emulative, ancl sometimes as if born of
rivalry. Nor are birds troubled with
overmuch reticence in song. The sparrow does, not make way for the lark,
and he goes on chirping even though
the nightingale is singing.
Had it been otherwise, the world
would have been the poorer in song.
Reticence, however excellent, sometimes has the effect" of hojding back
gifts and graces. After all, it is on the
whole best that each exercises his
If the owl considered the nightingale,
he would never sing, and the world
for many would have one delight' less.
For some have found romance and
delight in the owl's hoot. Others have
found melody and a ministry in the
curlew's cry, or the "honk, honk," of
the wild geese, or the strange call of
the corncrake. In these calls of the
wild, they feel a thrill that the more
domestic notes fail to rouse
Many birds seem to live on the margins of song. They so easily fall to
singing, slip,into song Hke water-fowl
lntq the mere. They neither preparation nor persuatlon. Some go on
calling even after dusk as though the
day were all too short to proclaim
their joy. They sing to the setting sun
as -though they would fain stay his
course. And they are there at his return, ready to begin the day with
praise! ,
Some take to singing, if disturbed in
the night. A sudden gust of wind, a
splash in the reeds, is enough to start
the sedge' warbler. He sleeps on the
edge'of song and turns even a disturbance to praise!
The birds do not sing to win our
suffrages.v Man or no man, the owl
would still. hoot, and the black cap and
the cuckoo sing, just as flowers would
still bloom! Primarily the beauty of
the flower seems, a lure for the insect.
and the-birds song an attraction for
his mate. Yet we may partake of the
crumbs from the table of natural
selection. We may enjoy and find in
these -songs no mean comforters.
Round them gather many precious
memories/In exile they can still minister to us, and rook or lark may give
healing visions of home. They may be
as hope set-to music.
The London Daily Express has compiled a number of comments on what
February's extra day this Leap Year
will mean to the public at large. Since
1928 ends on a Monday that means,
that there is an additional business day
in the year. Since it began on a Sunday there will be an extra1 Sunday, so
that clerymen will have to preach on
fifty-three Sundays this year for the
ordinary twelve months' stipend, but
to offset this there are two extra collections in 1928. The number of births
and deaths are increased in a Leap
Year, and presumbly also tbe number
of marriages. All thost whose pay is
calculated at a daily rate will receive
one day's salary or wages more; whereas others calculated on a yearly basis
must work through a year of 366 days
Leap Year has many compensations.
For instance, season ticket holders on
the railways will have an extra day's
travelling free, and motorists will have
one day's extra use of the roads for
the same "taxes. Then again, hire purchasing firms engaged in the monthly
instalment trade will be giving customer's an additional day in which to
complete their payments. The holders
of preference shares and debentures
in industrial concerns will only be able
to claim their fixed annual ratef> of
interest, but ordinary shareholders will-
benefit by the extra day's trading profits. Leap Year is full of anomalies.
Leap Year, or rather the twenty-ninth
of February, is a piece of. chronological
padding, the makeweight of the calendar.
Associate with men of good quality,
if you esteem your own reputation; for
it is better to be alone than in bad
company.���George Washington.
Certificate of Improvements
Situate in the Greenwood Mining
Division of Yale District. Where
located:   Near Bridesville."
��� '' " TAKE NOTICE that I, C. JE. Shaw,
agent for Joseph Pringle, Free Miner's
Certificate No. 335-D, intend, sixty
days from the date hereof, to apply to
the Mining Recorder for a Certificate
of Improvements for the-purpose of
obtaining a Crown "grant of the above
claim. ������:���        I'...;-*-
x. And   further   take   notice   that
action, under section 85, must be commenced -before the issuance of such
Certificate of Improvements.
-Dated'this :21st, day of February,
Job Printing
A new mechanical toyconsists of a
group of workmen repairing a- road.
It is said the realistic way in which
the picks are lifted, poised and.slowly
lowered is most remarkable.���Humorist.
Every year strips us of at least one
vain expectation, and teaches us to
reckon some solid good in its stead. I
never will believe that "our youngest
days are our happiest. What a miserable augury for the progress of the
race and the destination of the indivi-
dua, if the more matured and enlightened state is the less happy one!.";
All this, to" prove that we are happier
than when we were seven years old,
and that we shall be happier when we
are forty than we are .now, which I
call a comfortable doctrine, and one
worth trying to believe!���Christian
Science Monitor.. ....:���
A good book is the precious life-blood
of a master-spirit embalmed and treasured up on purpose to a life beyond
life.--Milton.,-     - *": -
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box L1108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges���Gold, Silver, Copper, or Lead
��1.00 each. Gold-Silver $1.50. Silver-
Lead $2.00. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
These charges made only when cash is
sent" with sample. Charges for other
metals, etc., on application.
To The
Greenwood Ledge
Contractor and Builder
Foreign and Domestic Monuments
Asbestos Products Co. Roofing
Lamatco Wallboard    ' -
Box 332 Grand Forks. B.C.
 ��� To   	
Harry Armson, Grand Forks.
The 20th Century, Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed
We pay postage one way.   Terms cash.
Silver    Spring    Brewery  Ltd. i
^Victoria,. B.C.^eB!SBSBSS^SBdfa
This advertisement is not published or displayed by thc Liquor Control Board
or by the Government of British Columbia.
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada. Limited
'���' Office, Smelting and Refining- Department
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
Producers, of Gold, Silver, Copper, Pig Lead and Zinc
Sometimes the informality      -
-     of the spoken word
is more effective
than a letter
"Long Distance, please"
Vacant unreserved, surveyed Crown
lands may bc pre-empted by British
subjects over 18 years of age, and by
aliens on declaring intention to become British ' subjects, conditional
upon1 residence, occupation, and improvement for agricultural purposes.
Full information concerning relations regarding pre-emptions is given
in Bulletin No. 1, Land Series,- "How
to Pre-empt Land,-" copies of which
can be obtained free of charge .by addressing the Department ..of Lands,
toria, B. C, or to any Government
Records will be 'granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural purposes, ,, and which is. not timberland,
i.e., carrying over 8,000 board feet per
acre west -of tlie Coast Range and-
5,000'feet per acre east of that Range.
Applications for pre-emptions are to
be addressed to the Land Commission--,
er of the Land Recording Division, in
which the land applied for is situated,
and are made on printed forms, copies
of which can be obtained from the
Land Commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be occupied for
five years,and improvements made to
the value of $10 per acre, including
clearing and cultivating at least five
acres, before a Crown Grant can be
Por more detailed information see
the Bulletin "How to Pre-empt Land."
PURCHASE      "  .
Applications are received for purchase of vacant and unreserved Crown
Lands, not being timberland, for agricultural purposes;,minimum price for
first-class '(arable) land is $5 per
acre. Further- information regarding
purchase or lease of Crown Lands Is
given in Bulletin No. 10, Land Series,v
'Purchase and Lease of Crown Lands."
Mill, factory, or industrial sites on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or leased, the conditions including payment .of stump-
age. - ���;*;;*..;. ���    . :-: . . ;��� y.x
i [.  HOMESITE LEASES   ')",
. Unsuryeyed'areas not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesites, con-
.ditional upon_a.:dwelling ^being^erected:^
in the first year, title being obtainable-,
after residence, and improvement con- s]
ditions are fulfilled, and land has been
surveyed. ���'���������:    ..'���������
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas not exceeding 640 acres may be
leased by one person or a company.
Under the Grazing Act the Province
is divided into grazing districts and the
range administered under a-Grazing
Commissioner. Annual grazing permits ar.e issued based on numbers
ranged, priority given to established j
owners. Stock owners may form associations for range management. Free,
or partly free, permits are available
for settlers, campers and travellers, up\
to ten head.
: The Women's Auxiliary of Rock
Creek will give a "Dance on Easter
Monday, April 9th, at Riverside Hall.
Look for posters. *'>'\
Clip this coupon and mail it with $1 for a six weeks' trial subscription to
A Paper jor the Home, World-Wide in Its Scope
In it you will find tlie daily good news ol the world from Ub 750 special writers,
ns well as departments devoted to women's and children's interests, sports, music,
education,'radio, etc. Sou will be glad to welcome into your home eo fearless an
advocate of peace nnd prohibition. And don't miss Snubs our dog, and tbe Sundial
and the otlier features.    , J ^    " ���
The Christian Science Monitor, Back Bay Station, Boston, Masa,
. Please send me a. six weeks' trial subscription.  I enclose tone dollar ($1).
(Name, please print)
>��.**��� A.A.A.A.&.t *,
(Town) : - (State)
The Mineral Province of Western Canada
Has produced Minerals as follows: Placer Gold, $78,018,548;    Lode'   Gold,   $126,972,318; '^*    * -,
'     Silver,  $80,787,003; Lead, $106,976,442; Copper,-$209,967,068;   Zinc,  $50,512,557;  Coal and     ���
Coke, $284,699,133; Structural Materials and Miscellaneous Minerals, $50,175,407; making v ;
its  mineral production to1 the end of 1926 show an /
'���'��� ���* . '*' ;*1 '���'     ������''.'"- "'     '���'''-.'     '.'".-     '..-..���������������       ������,..���"" .���/     ���'.���''.:     ""*''-..
Production for the year ending Pecember, 1926, $67,188,842
The Mining Laws of this.Province are more liberal and the fees lower than those of any other Pro-
..... vince in the Dominion, or any colony in the British Empire.
Mineral locations are granted to discoverers1 for nominal fees.
Absolute Titles are obtained by developing such properties, the security of which is'guaranteed by
���   Crown grants.1 [;...',.'���; .      -^ "."...      -   '���" ''  ������������.. . /'-." . ;���'��������
Full information,- together with Mining Reports and Maps, may be obtained gratis by addressing:
/)yi^y/^y^'y^ ^VICTORIA, British Columbia,
N. B.-rPractically all British Columbia Mineral Properties' upon which development work has been
done are described in some one.of the Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines.   Those  considering
, mining" investments should refer to such reports.  They are available without charge on application
to the Department of Mines, Victoria, B. C.  Reports of the Geological   Survey   of   Canada,   Winch
Building, Vancouver, are recommended as valuable sources of information. '
Reports covering each of the Six Mineral Survey Districts are published separately, and are-available on application. -,-..;_.:/


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