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The Ledge Mar 4, 1926

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 .Pxftiiiicial. Library
i'       ii.
HOCKEY CLUB DA!)JCE and
BASKET SOCIAL
Masonic Hall, Wed., March 17th
Ladies bring Baskets which wiirbe Auctioned.
The Oldest Mining Camp Newspaper In British Columbia
HOCKEY CLUB DANCE and
BASKET SOCIAL
Masonic Hall, Wed., March 17th
Laliea Free (Bring Baskets) Gents $1., Children SOc
-J-
Vol.   XXXII .
GREENWOOD, B.-C, THURSDAY, MARCH 4, 1926.
No.   32
We carry a large line of ' /
j
���   /
Hardware, House Furnishings, Etc.
Inspect our stock v
j|~ New Spring Millinery ~2
�����:        will be.on-'ilisplay about        ^3
sS: March 15th       ..-;:3
i'/\
^y
i
^
Agents Jfor the
Victor Northern Electric Radios
2, 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8 Tube Sets at all prices
t. M. GULLEY &GO.
\       Specials for LENT
7  Malkins Best Sockeye. Salmon
ls40c      1-2 25c.
K. D. Pink Salmon 1 s 20c
Finnan Haddie, Sable Fillets, Kippers, Cod Fish, &c
.   Fresh Salmon and'Halibut
Every Thursday
��(J FonQuality a'nd Value Order From    ' ',        ,   Phone 46
GREENWOOD GROCERY
��������������������������� ������������������������$���������������������������������������>��������������������������������� ������������������������
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Edison Mazda Lamps
���b������i WMwwwiu wi mi ���������������^������^^i^mmmimm
10   -    200 Watts   125 Volts
Tungsten and Nitrogen
Plain or Frosted
���    .--��� i
TAYLOR  & SON
Phone 17
������������*������������ ������������������������������������������������������������������<����������������������������������� ������������������������
Huskies 25c per box
Try them for that tickling cough or sore throat
A great preventative for the present contagious diseases
Creophos $1.00 per bottle
For the obstinate coughs and colds
.    c      AT     	
x GOODEVE'S DRUG STORE
!!    INDEPENDENT MEAT MARKET
We carry, only the best stock procurable in
ii
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
/ A trial will convince you
I
1!
Proprietor |(
i\  JOHN MEYER
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
Office, Smelting and Refining Department
TRAIL. BRITISH COLUMBIA >
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
ProducersX. of o Gold,   Silver,  Copper,    Pig   Lead   and  Zinc
TADANAC" BRAND
�����7 Ladies end Mens y^*
Er     fancy Silk Hosiery 7 ~2
5^ in all tbe latest checks& colors ^5
SZ. Fancy Silk Handkerchiefs ^S
*��:   fancy Coif Sweaters   ~|
�����;.        Mens Fine Blue Pants cS
IE Sport-Shirts      ;"   -   ^
*��� . ��� ���_.       ��� - ������
g^; Slimmer Underwear CCS
g^;  Watch for tbis display March 15 CZ&
o-- -.-: : :���. .".., .'..'. -~g>
|r Mrs. Ellen Trounson ^
AROUND HOME
Real Estate and Insurance
Fire. Accident & Sickness. Life,
Automobile. Bonds, Burglary. &c
Auctioneer
Houses for Rent or Sale
Call at the'Office of  -
CHARLES' KING
(
Greenwood, B.C.
SERVICE      .,
_������
We know that the People oi Greenwood
and vicinity appreciate the service that
we have given.them in the past.
You can be sure of getting the best there
is without any delays       ���
Let us have your
Watches and Clocks
e    .      We carry a good line oi
��� J   x     Classes
A. A. WHITE  ,
Watchmaker and Jeweler
F. J. WHiYe. Manager.
Masquerade Carnival
Greenwood Rink .
��� ' -   ������-������������  ���,- ���<, 1    . ,       ,��',, .,
Friday; March 5th at 8 p.m.
Five Prizes   _..'
Best dressed ladyrbest dressed gent, best
dressed girl, best dressed boy. best comic
Broomball���Ladies vs Men
���Children's Races   t
Admission���Masquers, Adults 50c-.
Children 25c, Spectators 25c
H. W. R. MOORE, B.A.
BARRISTER      SOLICITOR
 ^^NOTARYPUBLIC "~
Greenwool
J. WILLIAM WATSON
VIOLINIST
^ Will Teach  '
Beginners or Advanced Players
Phone 18G or Write Box 626, -
Greenwood
The United Church of Canada
Minister in charge
Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw. B. A.
Greenwood
Sunday, March 7th.
Midway 11 a.m.
Greenwood 7:30 p.m.
Mrs. Poulton
Milliner, Grand Forks, B.C.
MILLINERY OPENING
Tuesday, March 9th
Next to Henniger's Feed Store
-"" Bridge St.
Tie Makers     ,
We will buy a number of Peeled
Fir and Tamarack Railroad Ties that
will begotten to or tributary to,a
reasonably good truck road, that is in
thej vicinity of Rock- Creek, B.C.
See or write
Rock Creek Land Co.,
Rock Creek, B.C.
For Sale
Pure bred. Chinchilla rabbits,
prize slock.    Apply to
" .   S. F. Keir,
Box 626. Greenwood.
A. J. MoTrrisou is on a business
trip to Trail.	
The robins returned to Greenwood on Sunday.
Mrs. E. Hallett has returned
from a visit to Spokane.
A number of Bridesville residents attended court in Greenwood on Wednesday.
Miss Mclntyre, of Beaverdell,
was the guest of Mts. Alex Greig
during the week-end.
A 2-ton caterpillar tractor arrived, in town on Tuesday, for
use on the roads in the district.
Mrs. I. Fillmore and daughter;
of Rhone, were the guests of
Mrs. Geo. S. Walters during the
���week-end.
Tbe United Farmers will hold
their monthly mee tin gin Midway
on Saturday, *. March���'**'6th. A
large attendance is requested. ���
The Pythian Sisters Lodge has
given up the evening of March
17th to the hockey boys, and instead will hold' a Tea and Dance
on April 1st.      -
Lewis Keir has been promoted
to head feeder on the United
States Silver Fox_!Farm near
Spokane, Lewis has-been with
this farm five months;       W
H. ��� Sal-chert, 7 of Lewiston,
Idaho, B. J. Wagner and J. .D.
Graham motored in ��� from Spokane oa last week and inspected
the D. A. at Deadwood.
John Mowat, of Victoria, accompanied by Harry Miller, a
mining man of-. Vancouver, are
spending a few days in town.
Mr. Miller is examining a number
of well known mines.
D. McPherson,'of the McPherson Garage, Grand Forks, was
in town on Tuesday and delivered'
a Ford, touring car to A. N.
.Mowat.s The new model is very
attractive."   "   * ^���-" '   v  ���--"���'-���
Dave Rose, of Westbridge,
appeared before P. H. McCurrach,
S. M., on Friday, charged with
having deer meat iu his possession. He plead guilty and was
fined $10 and costs or one month
in jail.   He paid the fine.
The news of the . death of
Theodore Biner iu Los Angeles
on Feb; 15thv was received with
deep regret by a large number of
friends in:" Greenwood. Mr.
Biner was a-,, former resident of
Phoenix���-ahd^for^many���Tyears
operated the Phoenix brewery.
In the Presbytery of Kootenay
the Greenwood charge, one of the
most widely scattered Mission
fields in British Columbia has ex-f
ceeded its quota by 33 percent.
The Home Missions are measuring- up with fine courage and
vision.���The New Outlook (re
Maintenance r and Extension
Fund.) 6
' A Masquerade Carnival will be
held in the local Rink on Friday,
March 5th at 8 p.m. Five prizes
will be awarded. A feature will
be a Broomball game between
ladies and men. There will also
be children's races. Admission,
masquers, .adults'SOc, children
25c, spectators 25c.. Attend and
help the hockey boys raise necessary funds.-
The Hockey Club are making
arrangements to hold a great big
Dance iu the Masonic Hall 00
Wednesday, March 17th. Tbis
will be al great time. The hockey
boys request the ladies to bring
baskets which; will be auctioned.
The boys have done noble work
this winter and it is tip to everyone to come and help make this
affair a financial success.  """
To Encourage Coyote ���
Killing During Summer
The British Columbia Wool Growers' association are offering ��100 as
firsty prize, and the Lieutenant-
Governor,, Walter C. Nichol trophy,
to the hunter killing the most coyotes
during the months of May, June,
July, August and September, when
the pelts are of no value. ���...This is in
addition to the government bounty,   y
The British Columbia Stock Breeders association was putting up additional prizes, of $50, 125, 215 and
210, for the four next best scores;    >
Commission Claim Disallowed
Mrs. Cudworth, of BridesviLle,
failed in her action against Alan
Eddy, custom's officer of Bridesville, for a commission for effecting a sale bf his ranch. The
case was tried on Wednesday be
fore His Honour J. R. Brown and
She proved that she had made
the sale and that Mr. Eddy had
promised her a commission of
$500 00. Judge Brown, however,
granted Mr. Pincott's motion for
a non-suit before the case.reached
,the'.-.-jury,on the ground that she
had not bought her real estate
agent's-license- in time. Mr.
Moore'contended that the-deal
was not closed for at least four
days after she had got her license
���and that therefore she was entitled to succeed. It is understood that Mr. Moore is appealing the case to the Court of
Appeal. -_.'.--���������;��� ('-
Highly Mineralized; 1
,     [Surface Showings
Recording of 20 mining claims and
display of some samples of ore taken
therefrom, caused quite a stir in
Vernon last week' says The Vernon
News. The value of the find cannot
even be estimated until samples sent
to the Denver School, of Mines'" at
Denver, Col., have been assayed.
E. J. West, who recorded claims for
a group;of Vernon men, states there
is a wonderful surface showing and
the ore body contains gold, silver,
lead and copper. ~
The find was made on the Kettle
River'side' of Monashee Mountain,
only a short distance off the Edgewood
road. There is water and timber to
be had easily, and if the assays shows
as rich as is hoped for, an attempt-
will be made to interest capital in
development.   7
The owners of the twenty claims
have agreed, so it is understood, to
act in concert, thus there is a sufficient
ore body to interest capitalists who
desires volume.        -
The twenty claims were recorded
in Greenwood on Monday as they
are-locatd'd- on ^Brewer Creek;near
the head waters of the Kettle River
in the Greenwood Mining Division-
It is stated that ore* was shipped
from that section, in the early days to
Swansea, Wales, when transportation
was very difficult. Now, -with'the
Edgewood-Vernon,; highway within a
short distance, ore from thcrecent
strikeVcan be easily shipped, to the
smelter. '  ;!
Deal on Last Chance Mine
Farmers Institute Meeting
The Rock
stitute held
Creek Farmers In-
their___firsWmottthly
meeting at Riverside Hall on
Saturday, Feb..27th. WTkfembers
of both the 'Institute and the
United Farmers attended and the
election of officers for the year
was held which had been postponed from the general meeting
to await the decision ofothe U. F.
Local, as to whether they .would
join up or not. Slight differences of opinion have "beeu amicably settled and there is now one
society for the farmers of the
district. \
The following officers were elected: President,, Major Gray; Vice-
Pres., S. Bubar; Sec,-Treas., R.
Norris; Directors, A. E. Bonnett,
W. Johnson, W. Hatton, E.
Richter and M. Jewell; Auditors,
T. N. '.Walker and H. Douglas
Hamilton.
A large quantity ofcyoragas,
which proved so successful last
year, was ordered by members
andif there arc. any farmers in
the district ^ho wish a supply of
this gopher exterminator aud
have not already ordered it,
please let the secretary know as
soon as passible.
Application has been made to
the Agricultural Dept. to send in
the entomologist to look oyer_the
district and advise members how
to combat the grasshopper pest.
The meeting went on,record to
help out the Pig Club, which was
such a success last year, in every
way possible. -y      1^
It is hoped that all the formers
of the district will come forward
now and join the .Institute.. The
government -give a grant dollar
for dollar of the membership and
last year the -Institute paid out
over $80 for gopher tails to the
children of the neighborhood.
; A hearty vote of thanks to the
retiring President, Major F. 'yE.
Glossop, who for many year* has
worked hard for the Institute,
both as president and secretary,
closed the meeting.J
A deal ' is pending on the Last
Chance, one of the oldest mines in
the district, situated about one mile
east of Greenwood on the Phoenix
road. Referring to the proposed
bond the Grand Forks Gazette says:
Negotiations looking to the bonding of the Last Chance mine at
#40,000 are under way between
Spokane men and the owners.. Those
interested in the acquisition of the
bond are Thomas Murray,, Eric E.
Jackson and T: R.. Roberts of Spokane, while the owners are James
Poggi of Grand Forks, and H. M.
Stramberg and L. E. Brawders, now
located at the coast.
r Messrs. Murray and Jackson are
two former' Phoenix mining men,
well acquainted with the property, and
with Mr. Roberts motored up from
Spokane this week and looked the'
property over and1- started negotiations
with Mr. Poggi, who holds a half interest." They went into results of
former shipments and it is expected
the deal will be consummated when
the owners of the other half interest
have-consented.
The Last Chance shipped considerable ��re two decades ago and^Mr. '
Poggi made further shipments about
five years ago. The ore is said to
run between 45 and 50 ounces-of
silver, an ounce of gold and substantial qualities * of zinc and lead to the
ton. It is located between Greenwood and Phoenix adjacent to Skylark
camp."     ,;*..; .- . , ���>
Greenwood & District
^Hospital Annual Report
The-Board of Directors of the
Greenwood and District Hospital
present herewith their Annual Report of receipts and expenditures for
the year ending December 31st, 1925,
and wish to state that any member of
the Hospital Association wishing to
examine the* report in detail, may do
so by calling at the office of. the
Sec. -Treas;'* v
The directors wish to thank the
public for their generous support of
the Hospital, and trust that now the
���hew..Hospitkl building is'nearing completion, chat they will endeavor to respond with subscriptions to help
defray the necessary expenses -incurred by this departure. Anyone so
generously inclined will receive
prompt acknowledgement from the
Sec.-Treas..;.-':*:
Total number of patients treated..205 '
Surgical (major)  36
Surgical (minor)  61
Cured ;., .���'.:'. 118
Improved...  16
Unimproved '. \    1
Births    8
-X-Ray Examinations ._.  10
Consultations1 -..'.~  22
Generalanaesthetics���.-..-.-..-..-. .-.-.-._94=
������   Revenue
Per capita grant S1559.06
Revenue from L.iquor
profits .............   274.25
Patients fees  4005.84
Workmen's Compen'ion    62.50
Donations .;,,".-.- ���-. 652.65
Refunds ,...,,.".      17.15
Grant..,...,, " 500.00
Total S7071.45
..;._.,__.;.... ���:._.'.Expenses       /
Administration....:.. .S 425.11
Professional care of patients, equipment.. 3527.95
Stores, , kitchen    and
housekeeping-     1788.63
Heating and I/ig-htiug-   408.76
Building1 and grounds   146.60
Laundry    188.80
Miscellaneous      414.25
W,    Total S6900.0+
Cash on hand first of 0
-year  S 116.58
Total receipts  7071.45
Total.... S7188.03
Total disbursements . .36906.04
Cash on hand ...\ 287.99
Total J...S7183.03
Charles King, Sec.-Treas.
Greenwood Entertained
At the conclusion of the Green-.
wood-Kimberley hockey game on
Monday, evening in Crahbrook, the
Greenwood team was entertained
at the home of Mr. and Mrs. A. S.
Ward there, where a very pleasant"
time was spent, music and dancing
having their place on the impromptu
jprogram, as well as the refreshments
which were served. It was the intention of the Kimberley boys to
have entertained the visitors from the
boundary,, but in this commendable
intention they were forestalled by
others. . The visitors expressed themselves in the highest terms of the
hospitality shown them, and it is good
to know that they left with pleasant
recollections of their week-end in the
district even if they were not able to
take away the right" to play in the
finals which they rightly coveted.���
Kimberley Press,
vl TEE   LEDGE,   GEELWOOD,   B. Q
WORLD HAPPENINGS
BRIEFLY TOLD '
Tentative plans for extension of the
flight of the Spanish transatlantic
aviators headed by Commander Ramon
Franco', havo been abandoned.
Premier Bruce, of Australia, has
announced that his government was
considering a plan to reduce ocean
iare.s for immigrants.
. . Buried beneath au avalanche of
sawdust--which lie was clearing away,
Robert Mailland'met death by suffocar'
tion at a lumber mill in Vancouver.
Kdward Noble, prominent British
Columbia Orangeman, who walked in
a parade there; last July when he was
9S years old, died on Feb. 21 at Cedar
Cottage, a suburb,
A resolution calling for the abolition of the stamp tax was unanimously
carried during the third and final convention of '.he .Retail Lumber Dealers'
Association of tho province of Quebec, attended by some 125 members.
France intends -to give the Syrian
people a form of government resembling that given 1o Irak by the British,
Count Robert Dc Caix told the mandates commission of the League of .Nations.'
Hon. H. W. Ncvvlands, ICC, has
'been reappointed Lieut.-Governor of
Saskatchewan. - Mr. Newkiuds has
been Lieut-Governor of the province
since February, 1921, when'" ho succeeded Sir Richard,Lake.
The present serious industrial crisis
in Germany is forcing many firms to
restrict their operations considerably,
and the nuinber of iiiioniployed in the
Ruhr district, especially, is increasing
daily. 7
A British Government air service for
y
passengers, mail and small freight,
between Cairo, Egypt, Burma and possibly Australia, is in the making, according to Maj.-General Sifton W.
Braccker, director of civil aviation Jn
the British.,air ministry.
Right Hon.W. L. Mackenzie. King,
Prime Minister of Canada, has been
oflicial ly declared elected as a member of the House of Commons for the
federal constituency of Prince Albert.
Brilliantly uniformed diplomats and
oflicials paid their respects to the King
at the first levee ot" the'season, "held
in St. James' Palace recently.
C.N.R. To Build Branch Lines
Heavy Expenditure To Be Made This
Year OiKiBranch Lines In the
'    West     *
The    Canadian    National   Railway
contemplates an expenditure of $5,896,-
000 in 1926 on branch lines.     This-is
the estimate brought <to*vyn by the government and tabled in the House of
Commons.     Between     15     and-  "20
branches throughout tho Dominion remain incomplete.     On seven of these
track will be laid during 1926.
The biggast expenditure will'be on
tho Turlleford, Sask., branch, on which
about, -l-l miles of track will be laid and
?1,571,00.0 expended. A million dollars will be spent on the Dunblane-
Central Butte, Sask., branch, and ?9'15,-
000 will bc spent on tlio Rosedalo,
Sask,, branch, which will be practically, completed this year. At least two
other branches will bo practically
completed this year, tlio St. Paul S.E.,
Alta., and the Acadia "Valley branches,
on each of which about half a million
dollars .will be spent. A total of
16S.3 miles, of track will be laid on
branch lines this year, under present
plans. The only two branches on
which no worlc at all will be done aro
Kingclear-Vanceboro, N.B., and the
Grande Fresuier, Que.
Last. yeai- ��9,532,050 was spent on
branch lines, says the statement-from
fhe railway department.: -These figures arc, however, incomplete, and a
final statement on last year's branch
line construction is still /to come. The
three chief expenditures last year
were: $2,086,000 ou the K.imloops-
Kelowna, B.C.-,'" line;. $1,2X2,000 on the.
Dunblane-Central Butte, . Sask., line,
and $1,095,000 oi). thc Hanu-Warden,
Alta., line.
Britain   Discards  Helicopter
Will  Concentrate  On  Auto-giro 'Type
Which Is Much Simpler:.:
, TheDrenhan helicopter experiments,,
on whicli 5250,000 has beeu expended
to date,will be discarded by tbe' all-
ministry in favor of concentration cm
the . Lacierv'a autogiro, it is understood. The ministry is credited, with,
the. intention'of constructing four or
five machines embodying the .principles of the Spanish "Windmill" plane,
wliich was .-hailed by Sir Williani
Branckcr, Aice Vice-Marshal-when il
was tried out at Farnborough. as "(lie
greatest aeronautical invention since-
the Wrights flew."'       ",.  ~~   . .   |
Experiments with the helicopter
have been carried out in the closest
secrecy for tho last five years, but air
experts are now said io haVft-qonie to
tho conclusion that the autogiro (ypu
achieves all Ilia I, the perfected helicopter would have been able to do, while
its principles arc much; simpler. ,
THE AIR
Wri^t   Is   Doing   In the   World  of
Radio
OUR CROSSWORD PUZZLE
Russia Competing For U. S. Trade
For Cheaper Money
Political Trickery
",    Menace vTo Democracy
Sir Arthur  Currie  Says   Present-Day
'. Politicians  Suffer in  Comparison-
to Lincoln 'W -
Abraham Liucoln "was. a man whom
Canadian politicians would'do well to
emulate, said y Sir Arthur Currie.,
G-C.M.G., principal of McGill' University and former commander of tho
Canadian, corps, iu an address at Montreal. While Sir John''A.-Macdonald
bowed to the Conservatives, and Sir
Wilfred Laurier to the Liberals, the
great United States commoner' bent
the knee to no party, political, moral
or social.
.    Sir Arthur contrasted Lincoln with
men_or_Ie_sser_gualities.j "Thb-pol t
tical agitator," he said, "too often
appeals to the passions of the crowd
in order to get votes. He often sets
���cast against west, creed against creed,
and class against class. This political trickery, for it cannot be called
���strategy, is the danger of democracy."
Western   Members Launch., Drive  For
_ Six Per Cent. Long Turn Loan's
Ayes tern members, Liberals and Progressives, are launching a drive for 6
per cent, long term loans under the
Rural Credits Act" to be brought in toy
the government.
Negotiations hitherto have disclosed that the opinion of most of the
experts consulted has been that: the
farmers will, have'to pay 7 per cent.
It is the general view that, unless
absolutely essential, .the* govern mem
should not guarantee the bonds ot
the rural credits .organization; and
that,.,contrary-to ..the"'practice in Uie
United .States, theseborids should noi
be tax-free. ,
' Without a government guarantee,
and without exemption from taxation
���the. rural credits bonds, according io
���experts consulted, would have to bear
interest .'aty.5% per cent, in orjer'io
sell. At this price it would be essential to charge (he farmer 7 per cent.,
as at least one per .cent.."Will be requir
ed for administration.
..'.With', a government. guarantee, ttie
bonds could be marketed at less than
5 per cent.-interest}-which, after providing for administration, would give .
the farmer money.at 6-per cent.
Most-of the-westerners claim that
6 per cent, money is essential, and
Progressives who dislike'the-government guarantee feature,' would rather
have"it=than=p_ay^m^ti��ur6Tpw=?^n.t7
for the. money.
Preparing to Export Many Commodities During Next Six Months
, Officials of the commissariat of agriculture announce that Russia is preparing to export to the United States
during the next six months, six btllioi;
eggs, "S0,000.000 pounds of butter, and j out of the sockets
40,000,000 chickens, ducks turkeys ami
wild fowl.
The United States, officials say, will
also be able to absorb about seven million dollars worth of sausage casings,
?10,000,0.00 woi'tii of wool foiy carpels;
horso hair, and animal bones for sugar,
refining purposes.    ,. ���'"���'';���-���������
' Declaring that these commodities
are now being purchased by the United Slates iii England amL Germlny,
they urge Russian producers to-compete for this trade.
���N_J__K<��*__<
"1)^
,-x &duswej>af{emt\
Canada and the Locarno Treaty
No Action Necessary to Remain Outside Terms of Pact
Rumored government- action to disassociate Canada from tho Locarno
Treaty is officially denied. 'No action
is necessary on-the part of the Dominion to remain outside the ��� terms of
the treaty, as it expressly provides that'
the treaty shall not apply to the British-Dominions unless they definitely
accept it.     b
It is probable llie government will
make some announcement in the houso
respecting Canada's position.
Early in the present session, Hon.
Ernest Lapointe, government leader
In the house, said in ' reply lo Mr.
Meighen, that "no step will be taken
by the' government before parliament had been consulted in the mat-'
ter." He added that "our intention
is certainly to- have the- matter discussed in. parliament." WW
Honor Belongs To Canada
; The first steamboat to cross the Atlantic Ocean vsas -the Royal William,
built in Canada tin. 1831. The', honor
of this' achievement belongs, therefore,
to the- Dominion.���. It was also the
first trans-Atlantic boat built of iron.
A tablet commemorating'the historic
event is inihe.Parliameht Buildings at
Ottawa. y.
Sunday, School Teacher.���"Some
little boys are good and some, are
?>ad.    What kind^go Jo heaven?"/"
Small Arthur.���"Dead ones."
Say*s Brain Never Tires
ICannot  Be  Overtaxed   By  Work  Or
:.,-  Study, Opinion  of Scientists
"The brain,of; the ordinary citizen,
provided he'.takes to language study,
is capable of holding any number of
different vocabularies,'' Sir Deuison
Ross, famous surgeon-scientist, told
the School of Oriental Studies, thus
joining the: select band of scientists
who decline to admit that the brain
can be overtaxed by work, reading or
study.
Just previously, Sir Arthur Keith,
Britain's leading' anthropologist, had
derided the idea that brain fever was
ever caused by overwork or study, and
Keith eveil contended that brain work
never kills; it is physical defects or
diseases, perhaps due to unsystematic
feeding and neglect of tlio body while
concentrating on study, that results
in the fatal collapses ���Which are commonly put under "brain fever*' or
"overwork."
Developing- the same theory?though
on somewhat different Hues,.Sir Denl-
son Ross urged his hearers not to he
scared by'tlie fear of overloading the
brain in their studies. '��� There is practicallyno'limit tb the amount of knowledge or learning: that-lhe human brain
can store up, he said.
(}/ B. Shaw says radio is doing serv
Ice la theatres by training artists, to
perform without applause.
Reception of a radio programme
from Johannesburg, South Africa, on a
thrce-tubo set at London-, Ohio, recently has been verified.
The aurora borealis is being blamed
by exports for unsatisfactory radio
reception. There are now more reasons why the radio set will, not work
than why II should.���Hamilton Spectator. -���    '
An ordinary street light in an English town has the peculiar property of
acting as a radio and every day it
broadcasts radio programmes. The
postman stops on his rounds to listen
to a'.programme.
A college which will broadcast all
of its lectures and instructions- has
been"inaugurated' at Vienna, Austria.
The daily courses will start at 10
I..m. and will last approximately two
hours.
Rough usage harms many radio
tubes and causes the- owner to purchase a new set before he should need
them. Handling tubes,-taking them
and such often
causes damage' to them.
Five thousand dollars' damage, was
done at the Montreal radio station
CKAC when a mouse collided with a
fuse and caused a short circuit, blowing out 1-1 fuses. The-night's programme was abruptly terminated. Thc
mouse was charred black.
Direct wlrelS'ss telephonic communication with Australia, a distance ot
12,000 miles, has bene established by
Prank Neill, an amateur of Whitehead, near Belfast, Ireland. The test
lasted 15 minutes and the voice of a
Melbourne citizen named ll'owdeh
could be distinctly"heard. The wave
length used was 115 metres.
y
Eskimos Fight  To Save Coal
Dragged Heavy--Bag's* to. Safety When
Storm  Broke
A desperate fight by Eskimos lo save
a winter's supply oCiCOiil from the elements has been reported by Dr.-AV. A.
Newhall; pastor of three missions in
the vicinity ot Point Barrow, northernmost lip of Alaska.
The fuel had been landed on the
beach from a supply thip when a
storm, described as the worst in years.
Horitzontal
."I���Small casks.    _    '
4���Hypothetical forces.
6���Endure..
9���Deserve.
11���Heroic poem.
13���Cylindrical pulley in
machinery.
15������Amorous.   v"    ;
���17���After-thought (abbr.)
IS���Milky extract of almonds
2Q���Correct
21���Sick.
23���Pertaining    to     the
goddess Isis.
24���Beverage.
25���Scarcity. ���
27���One who works at a
loom.
29���Engineering degree.
30���A continent (abbr?).
ill.���One who sows.
X5���Annexing.
X!)���Cushion.
���10���Color.    .
���42���Name of many popes.
-13���Conjunction. '\
44���One ���>   who      places
things on board ship.
45���Like. "'���- .
17���Springs forth.-'-
49���1\[ o h a m m e d a n
"princes.   '
51���Mass or heap.
52���Serpents.
53���Chair.
5-1���Title.
65���Ooze.
''.    Vertical
1���Numb.
2���Beseech.   - -
3���Wise man.
-J���A rushing onward.
5���Teeter.
(i���King of-beasts.   ' ���
7���Perform.
8���Part of a stockbroker's equipment.
10���Send -hack._ '
]__-
���16-
-Cost.
-Small body of land.
���Daughter of Eu'pytus,
���     King    of     Oeehalia
(ntvth.).
19���Chinese  measure pr
distance,
22���Fastened with a kind
of cord.
24���Turn lo advantage.' *
20���Color.
28���Also.
31���Ruins. .    '.
32���Auricles,
33���Girl's name.-
3-1���Elevates.
15���Come into sight.
3C���Adjudges.
37���Approach.
38���Idle talk.    .(
41���-Above.
���1-1���Article of apparel. .
���15���Diagonally '   striped.
fabrics.
48���Mineral spring.
50���Point of.compass.   '
War Veteran Would Help Others
Body
Deaf  and .Almost  Blind  Offers
For Research
Leonard George Charman, aged 30. a
former...member of the ISth and 142nd
Canadian    Battalions,    despairing   of
ever recovering from tho  silence of
complete and permanent deafness and
approaching blindpess. is slill .anxious
to serve,     Ho has offered to 'submit
his body to any scientific society or
laboratory and to endure experiments
v,..lrr.      *n.,!..   -._.__���        ���  i i 'Jin connection with the ailments which}
oioke.    .Rain, accompanied by snow ,        ,        ._.,,,. _    -
���,.,i ,. .,  f.n ���.,,.,, ,      ,  have brougnt about his present con
and hail, fell, and wind drove saud and   ,. ,       ,     '      .,,    ,       ,.    ,
(i���� ,^m,i���. K���r���.   -.*���   mi     ��� ��� diuon, for possible benelit to others
line pebbles before it.    The rising sea ,,, , ,,,,_,.-
������.. ���,���,. ,,���,., .   .    ., Charman   has -made    his offer m
boon was lapping against   the   mam '
Answer to Last Week's Puzzle
!c[
. W.   N.   U." 1618-
- Aeroplane Oil From Crickets - -'
7 One of the'-United .States consular
agents in Algiers reports the discovery there bf an oil extracted from
crickets that^Lirery suitable for aeroplanes,' since it does not congeal even
at high altitudes. ' Recently 18 tons
of crickets were shipped from Algiers
to Holland to be used in extracting
this oil. Crickets also are collected in great numbers there to be.used
as chicken feed in other parts of the
tworld.
Boudoir Or.Breakfast Coat
Nothing more fascinating among
the fashions -has emanated from
Paris this season, than this tailoKXl
breakfast coat for restful.leisure hours.
It possesses all the loveliness uimI
chic.with-which the smart woman of
today loves to surround herself at all
limes. Heavy.crepe de chine develops this .model witli puffed��� ���trimming
around the edges, and. having a side
fastening. AVhle wale corduroy or
quilted satin are also .suitable and
practical materials. The diagram pictures the simple design of NO. 1226,
which is in four sizes only, 36, _40,'-l-l
and -IS inches lust Sizo 3.<i Is suitable for 34' or M bust; size 40 for 38
or 40 bust; size 44 for 41 or 44 Lust;
and size -18 for 46'-or 48 bust. Size
40 bust requires -P.4 yards 3G or 4fl
Inches material.     Price-20 cents.
Every woman's desire is to achieve
that; smart, different appearance
which draws favorable5 coftiinem
from -the observing public. The <le-
���sign's..illustrated.in" our new Fashion
Book are originated in the-heart.of'the
style centres ancl will help you to acquire that much desired air or Individuality. Price or the book }0
cents the copy.
How  To  Order  Patterns     ;
Address���AVinnl-po-g Newspaper Union,
175 McDermot Ave.. Winnipeg ' *
moth pile, of 'sacked coal.
AVithout waiting for suggestions or
orders, the natives, men. women aiul
children, fell to worlc .moving the
heavy bags to safety. For hours, until well past midnight:, the labor- continued. The men ��� carried the sacks
on their backs, while the women and
children^ tugged and dragged them
through the' shifting sand: until more
than a- hundred tons of coal'had been
placed out of reach of the waves.
Disease Decimates Indians
Trappers in Far N'ortli Are Victims of
Epidemic '.
.A total death list of 12 Indian hunters at Fort Good Hope, on the lower
BEcKenzle Ittve.r, from.an epidemic,
the exact nature of which remains unknown, is contained in news received
by L.,:Itohianet, manager of-the ������Athabasca and McKenzie districts of tne
Hudson's Bay Company, by'the recent
mail from the far north.
Indications of this sickness wore
noticed in the fall, and iis continuance with the above comparatively
large-number of fatalities has resulted in a'demoralisation of tho fur
trade' at that point .during the earlier
part.of the winter.
Pattern No.
.Size...
* ������*  ��  4   ���  I
��� �����-��>  ���-*   ��  **������  I   D"��   ������ I
r������*��*ti<
Name
Town
 ��� ���.��������"���������_.
Province	
Send 20c coin or etampa ,(wrap cola'
carefully)
Bill Collector.T-Shall I call lomoi-
row:? Young Lawyer.���Do. Call often. People -will, think, you're a client
and that may bring- others/
French  Women  Patriotic
\. ������ ���'~r~~ .     w ^
Off*r Wedding Rings To Be Made into
Gold Francs
Thirty-seven women in a St. Denis
factory havc offered to help-solve
Trance's financial troubles. * "If a lot
oi gold francs could be struck no doubt
Trench money would improve," they
wrote the editor .of Iutransigeant's wet
raen's_page. ."But. tliere Is no gold,
except in' jewelers' shops. ' "Well,
then, we are all ready to give the Bank
cf France the only ..gold objects we
jossess, our wedding rings, to be made
into- gold, coins. Madame, we ask
you to communicate our oHer-to -the
gentlemen of.the government. < 'AVe
are'sure millictosof women willJfoHow
cm example."
,s oner m a
written document, full of pathos,
"3'eople may thinks I am crazy,"
reads thcjlocunient, "but 1 can assure
them that I am In my right mind.
The trouble is I am deaf andmyhealth
an<I iny eyesight is failing, and I am
worried and tired. .'T am ready,-, to
sulnnit myself to any scientific research laboratories br hospital or doctors for any.purpose they want, y lam
doing, this because -life/holds nothing
for me. now. Someone who is -more
fortunate than I may profit by. what I
am_doiug_aM_iu_tlf(rf^yeaTclFitTnay~
prevent deafness and sickness which
Is dreadful in itself, when, I am shut
np in a world of- my own."
The only-one remaining bright spot
In the life of this Canadian soldier,
whose offer "stands' until accepted, i3
his love of-flowers.' If'his offer to
research societies is not accepted bo-
fore next spring, 'Charman' cherishes
the hope of buying a small plot where-
ing to plant his assortment of flowers,
the scent of whiclrbrings him one of
the. few remaining joys of life.
First Recorded "Eclipse
Eclipses were predicted by an Athen-
isn,' named Caiippus, in the year 33G
B.C. The first eclipse recorded in history happened on March 19, 721 B.C.,
according toPtolemj*-. It was an
eclipse of the moon, and was observed, with accuracy at Babylon in Meso-
Jf.ota*wfa.
Prince Responded To Request
French Newspaper .Asked Him to
Make Umbrella Popular
Frenchmen are .pleased at what they
consider the Prince'of Wales' prompt
response to a request made by a Paris
newspaper In the fo^-m of an open letter, lhat he take tho lead Jn making the
uiubrella .fashionable/. It , was*;*said
that umbrellas were becoming more
aud more unpopular among thc youth
of France, causing "ranch, spoiled
clothing and endangering health.' A
day or so after publication pf the letter, the Prince happened to appear, at
the Dath Club, carrying a crook handled umbrella, folded in ari impeccable
way, which the gilded youth of Bona
Street'are now trying to imitate.
Explain Slow
Recovery Of France
One-Seventh   of  Agricultural   Population Killed in War .-_    -
Franco   lost   1,363,000   men in tlio
World War, according to the oflicial
record, and, with a view, to ���showing^
how that loss ..has affected the ccono- j
niic life of the country, Gaston Cadoiix,
former president of the Paris Statistical Society, has drawn lip tables disclosing how these dead men were era-
IilojyecLbefore__the_war = ���-���-
Super  Flying  Boats
Huge Seaplanes Being Constructed,For
. ��� Great Britain
33uge seaplanes Jare in course of cori^
struction for the British authorities,
ani when complete will- be the largest aircraft in the world. One giant
is having two 1,000 horsepower"" engines installed and when""fully loaded
will weigh more'than 15 tons. Another super flying boat will be driven
by three engines, capable of develop^
ing 2.100 horsepower. It will havo
accommodation for thirty passengers
In a luxurious. saloon.
The biggest' loss was to the land,.
669,000 of the war dead -having been
farmers and land workers out'of a
total agricultural male population
of 5,500,000. Industry gave the nest
largest figure with 235,000 out of 2,-
000,000. y     y '   J
'In-comni.ercIal pursuits, 159,000 men
fell.out of-1,327,000. ���'*" The'civil sen-,
ice gave 21,000 out of.a total of-B00',-
000 and the liberal professions 40,000
outi of a total of less than 250,000.
One man in every twenty-eight lu
France was killedrone in thirty-five ln
Germany and one in sixty-six in England, __ ~~
Even with the return of. Alsace and
Lorraine, tho population of Trance 3s
still less than.it was in 1914.. With n
seventh-of her agricultural'male population killed, the slowness, of France's
recovery becomes somewhat more understandable.
.   Advance In Radio
Transmit -At  Same  Time  On   Same
Wave Length-
Possibility of the simultaneous" use
by two or more radio tl-aasmitters of
identical-jvave lengths is seen by en-*-
gineers,v with the announcement ol an
invention- of L. Williani Skala; youthful    graduate    of  "thc, ^Engineering
Schools of. thc University of Prague. '
Based upon- what-was said' to be heretofore-unknown wave . length   fundamentals, tl^device performed without
a hitch in Skala's. laboratory \at,_ Ber-
wyn, a suburb.      ���
In-addition.it was' declared that-it .
would make possible   wireless .'telephony   for   all purposes where wiro
senlce now is used.
.   Wished Him WeU
Daughter: I've been engaged to "him
nearly two years.    Dou't you thi^k it's
time 1 married him? ���
^ Father: Oh, I don't know; if yo��
J really-care for the- fellow, let. him r����
main happy a3 long as you caa.- J
THE   MGDGE.   GKEENTTOOD,   B. 0.
.
���f
-x
i
i
fl
\
^
GARDINER TO BE
SASKATCHEWAN'S
NEW PREMIER
Regina.���Hon. J. G. Gardiner, minister of highways and minister in'
charge of the bureau pf labor and industries, was the unanimous choice-as
successor to Hon. C. A. Dunning at.a
meeting here of .1,200 Liberals in the
City Hall.
The meeting was made up of sixty
members of the legislature or candidates at the June-elections, as well as
the presidents, vice-presidents and secretaries of tho ' constituency Liberal
Associations.     . '
Mr. Gardiner's name was placed in
nomination by Hon. C. M. Hamilton,
minister of agriculture, who revealed
that four ministers had been nominated at the afternoon conference of members of .the legislature ancl candidates
at the June elections: Hon. A. P. M.c-
Nab, 'minister of public works and
"father" of the government; Hon. S. J.
Latta, minister of education; Hon. J.
C. Gardiner, minister of highways, and
his own. It' had beeu decided unanimously to p.'ace;only one name before
the convention.
tityier nominations wero called for
ancl Mr. Hamilton, Mr. Latta, Mr. Mc-"!
Nab and others addressed the convention before nominations were closed
and Mr. Gatdiner-was appointed leader of the government amid the greatest enthusiasm.
The 'chairman explained the purpose' of thc convention was to select
a successor to Premier Dunning.
While all .regretted that ho^vas leaving Saskatchewan they would rejoice
that he had been honored by being
���selected as the-new minister of railways. He was sure Mr. Dunning
would nOt forget Saskatchewan and
that in him the province would have a
champion at Ottawa.
When Premier Dunning was' called
upon, ^ the huge audience rose en
masse, welcoming him with round
after round of deafening applause.
Four years ago, said Mr. Dunning,
thc Liberals of Saskatchewan gave
him a; trust and he was glad to be able
to say that no man ever had any more
loyal support than he.; had enjoyed.
One of his most precious memories
would be .that he had, been'-so lib nor-
ed that his name would be associated
with the names of Hon. Walter Scott
and Hon; 'William' Melville Martin"m
the history of the-provincc.    '
Premier of Saskatchewan
HON.  J.   G.   GARDINER.
Aviator Killed In Paris
Progress Is Made On     i.
Alberta Highways
Plane Caught in Wireless Apparatus
In Arch of Eiffel Tower
Paris.���An- attempt to Hy through
the opening oi the Eiffel Tower* proved fatal.
The, aeroplane, caught In wireless
apparatus, crashed In flames - and
the aviator burned to death.
The flier, Lieut. Leon, Callol, had
passed through the arch "when he
struck tlie radio wires. He made a
tfospairing attempt to bring the machine under control, but it fell and
burst into flames.
Firemen wore quickly, on 4he scene,
but wero unable to save the aviator.
Lieut. Cal lot's brother witnessed the
accident. He said tiie lieutenant attempted the feat after a,wager with a
friend.
AGAIN TO FORE
Will Discuss Peace On Pacific
Shut Out Canadian Butter
United  States to- Raise Tariff is the
.   Prediction
Washington.���A.    prediction   . that
President-Coolidgc is soon to issue a
proclamation under the flexible tariff
law Increasing the tariff on butter fifty J
per   cent.,   was- made by Minnesota
members bf the house!   Canadian butter Imports would be seriously hampered   by,   the   increase   should   lc
..materialize.-���^ -- - -���. =.���'-
The forecast' of the Minnesota .members'came on the heels of the announcement that.the tariff commission
has completed its butter investigation
and delivered its report to the White
House. The -contents of tho report
eould not be learned.
Trans-Canada Starts May 16 -
Mooso     Jaw.���The     Trans-Canada
Limited, the fastest transcontinental
train   on   the   American   continent,
s -
which is operated every year by the
Canadian Pacific Hallway Company
from Montreal to Vancouver, will .be
Inaugurated on Sunday, May 16, starting from .Vancouver, Toronto and
Montreal. The trains this year will
be operated on practically thb" same
schedule as iu the past year.
Government Ready to Proceed Witn
Farm Loan 'Measure
Edmonton.���The debate on the address from the throne has given several, of the ministers an opportunity
J/, explain the work of their departments. ������ \ '
Hon, Alex. Ross, minister,of public
works, explained the progress that has
been made In the construction of main
highways throughout the province.
600 miles of main highways Jiavc been
rebuilt-according to the specification
necessary to earn the Dominion Government grant of forty per cent, of
the cost and 2-10 miles 'have -been
gravelled. The department expects
this year |to do-more work than ever.
By the end of ihe summer they expect
tliat a main highway from Athabasca
on the north to the international boun-
clai(y on tho south will-have becn completed, and also a 'highway from Edmonton to Peace Riytir. A motor road
will al-fo bo completed from Edmonton
to Jasper National Parkr At-present
tho road is Uveal y-liveV 'miles', from
Jasper, and'should ;reaV;h'Jasper this
summer. .The" progress';,made' in
road construction-had attracted,many
tourists this summer, '22,000* having.j
-registered at .the east gate^'of Banff
National Park during 31125?' ' -
Hon. R. C. -Reid, provincial treasurer, iu formed dhc house that the muni-
eipal districts throughout the'" 'province were in very good financial-shape.
Daring the year only-forty had borrowed from the banks, and "at the eud o'f
the year,only 2t> were owing the.bauks
anything. "'    '
A Liberal member had.charged that
tho hotels of the province were cluttered up with government inspectors,
but if. that was the-cause, said Mr.
Reid, during-the Liberal* regime' they
must have beea\parked outside, for at
tlie present time there wero'only 105,
as:.compared with 138'in 1921. ��� Calories were down.?59,300, and travelling, expenses ?13$,0U0."
Tlie government were ready to go
ahead with their farm loan measure
as soon as a bill was introduced in"
_the_l)ominloi!_house They-look-tho
position that the loaning of money for
farm loans was tlie business of thc
Dominion" Government, but the province was ci)-op6ratlng, and had appointed a strong commission, which had
collected a mass of evidence during
the past few months, which would he
of great value. '- y
The criticism of ihe Liberal members has been largely on .tho change,
of premiership _ from Greenfield to.
Brownlee, and on the charge that the
present government Is a classy one,
being dominated by the U.F.A. p
" 'On'.tlio-'government side, members
havo stressed strongly the desire for
co-opcrolion between cities and rural
areas.
Ottawa.���The Crow's Nest-Pass rate
prqblem is again in the hands of the
board of railway commissioners. Tho
order issued last September extending
these rales to westbound grain and
flour resulted in three separate appeals to the board . for further inter-.
protatlon. The first of these was settled last month, when by an equal division among tho commissioners the
September order was continued in
force. .The board closed a week's sitting on the other two appeals, ill both
of which judgment lias, been reserved.
These two last .cases were parts of
an effort by the provinces of British
Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan
to get a further reduction In the rates
as put in force by the railways-under
the September "order. These provinces claimed, first, that the eastbound
rales on grain and flour are above the
Crow's Nest basis as interpreted by
the act passed last June. They nsked-
that these eastbound-rates he reduced
in accordance with this claim, and
then used as a basis for making westbound rates. On this matter, thc
board reserved judgment.
The second effort of the three provinces lo get the westbound rates re-
More than 100 delegates, includingjduced was an application for a direc-
representatives of the Soviet, are ex- j tion to the Canadian Pacific Railway
pected, McNamara said, jio discontinue the differential of 32-1
Ho added it was intended lo bring;miles, used in making ils rates east ol
together representatives of Labor and j Calgary. The rates, in effect,'were
other   organizations   I'rom   countries;made by the railways on the basis of
Canada and' United States-Invited to
Meeting in'Hon'olulu
Honolulu.���-The ,-Australian Labor
party has issued a "call for a meeting
in Honolulu iu November for all Pacific nations, including Canada and the
United States, with a view of arriving
at. a better understanding in respect
to thc future peace In lhe Pacific.
This information was contained in a
message from D. L. McNamara, secretary of the Labor party, to A. II. Ford,
director of the Pan-Pacific Union, hero.
Scales Mountain In
Blinding Snowstorm
Highest Peak In South Africa Conquer-
' ed By Cape Town Climber
Cape Town.���Kilimanjaro,'the highest mountain in Africa, has been conquered in a blinding snowstorm, after
the eecond attempt within a month,
by G-. Londt, the noted Capo Town
climber.
Mr. Londt said that he set out with
two natives at the beginning of November. He climbed nearly 20,000
feet in four days. He slept one night
Jn a crater of th0 Kilimanjaro wilderness by a jagged rock of twJsted lava.
He pointed out _a_-mistake which
had been made by previous; climbers.
They "imagined that the crater was
thc top of the mountain, but that is
not so. The real test lies in the GOO
feet above. He discovered the record
of .two Germans who, in 19M, reached
the highest point.
li is an American cloth-covered exercise book containing two verses of
poetry. ��� There followed the names ol
the two climbers, Carl Von'Salis and
Walter Von "Ruchteschell, dated.February 33, 1914.
bordering on tho Pacific.
SOME MANITOBA
CABINET CHANG!
ISPECT
j tlie'Canadian National mileage . from
Edmonton to Vancouver, which is 12-1
miles greater IVan lhat from Calgary
to Vancouver.' The three westernmost provinces claimed that the railways h:d no rifjht to use this differen-
llial or constructive mileage; and nsk-
I ed that it be discontinued. On this I
issue the board reserved judgment.
Winnipeg.���Many changes in the
cabinet' of Hon. John Bracken, premier
of"Manitoba, -.re ponding, accoiding to
reports in legislative circles.
It is sjated that a com pit-to reorganization of the cabinet will be undertaken at the close of tho present
session, -including a gencial shifting
of the positions of several of-tho mm-
Asking Explanation Of
���    Alleged Bombardment
Prince Has Narrow Escape
Had to Duck to Avoid Plunging Horses
At Islington Show
London.���The Prince o'f Wales had
a dangerous experience   at   a   Shire
horse sIioav at Islington when a mare
in the ring near him began to kick
and set several horses   rearing   aud
plunging.    Tliere was general commotion abouL the Prince, but no one was
���_
injured.
Just before this lie had been compelled to .duck and junip';-;asi<ie roi
avoid- a horse which had suddenly
swerved in his direction.
Not having had enough of horses
I'or the day, the Pi ince went hunting
in tlie aiiernoon,.this being the second
tinie ho has followed the hounds since
Uie recent accident in which he sul-
fereci a broken collar bono.
Ottawa.���Ministers who have been
at the head of the customs department
during the last few years h.*vve not always taken "the action most in the
public interest," though they have not
done anything they had not a legal
right' to do, in the opinion of R. P.
.Sparks, of the Commercial Protective ,
Association, witness at tho customs
probe.
The ministers referred to were Senator Jacques Bureau aud Hon. P. J. A.
Cardin. Mr. Sparks was being Questioned by Hon. G.'H. Bolvln, preseni
minister of customs, as to his'opinion
of the integrity of the administration
of the department. Some of the oflicials "might be more efficient," added
Mr. Sparks, but he knew of no cases
of personal malice or dishonesty,
Discussing the port of'Rock Island,
Quebec, Mr. Sparks said that officers
there knew that smuggling was going
on and that some of them had winked at it in the past. Mr. Eoivin said
that the department could make better distribution of officers II* it had not
to get the permission, of the civil sur-
vice. commission to move "a. man from
one locality, "where he had got to
know everybody," to another.
, Mr. Sparks spoke "of "intimidation
by politicians" of customs officers,
who wore* often afraid to reveal, facta
.that had come to their knowledge lent
ihe member for their constituency use
jhis influence at Otiawa against them.
"That is irrespective ot what government is in power," remarked Mr.
Sparks' counsel.
British Ambassador Must Get Repoft
From U. S. Government
Londc;i.���Sir Esme Howard, British
ambassador ��l Washington, will be
asked to make inquiries of tho United
isturs. "Since the resigna-tton of Hon. j Stufjs Government- an:! send a report
P. M. Black- as provincial tr-sasurer,
Premier-'Bracken  has held the port-
DERAL RURAL
OIT PLAN IS
ENT
Financial Plight Of
Soviets Is Revealed
regarding-tlie alleged bombardment of
lhe 'Canadian schooner l-.astwood by
the United Slates   coastguard   cuttei
Seneca off the j*cw Jersey coast re-j such
cently. | Italy
This was  slated in. the House  ol
folio, in addition to his oflice as pre-
mier and president of the executive
council. It'is now reporl-ed that Hon.
W. R." Clubb, minister if public works,
will assume control' of-the treasury j Commons by Sir Austen Chamberlain,
departmeuL I foreign secretary, who liad been asked
Otlier cabinet ministers would be-about the circumstances of the <-as<<
shifted to new departments, and onu{ail<1 whether he inter.-ded to take ac-
new miuisrer appointed. . I. B. Grl f-���tiou to ensure* rc-spect lor British mor-
fi-:hs, member for Russell, is mention- j chant shipping,
ed as a possible appointee.      " ;
Situation In  Russia Not So Rosy A��
Depicted
, Riga, Latvia.���While more than 100-
foreign, delegates are taking part ln
the .session of the executive committee of the communist liit'ewia'tlonalo".
at Moscow, the same Soviet pap'-rs
Ihatau-o printing their optimistic predictions of the downfall of capitalistic
countries reveal examples of high iin-
j unco whicli it is impossible to dupli-
I caio in the history of- international
'trade.
While the delegates arc unable to
read the official Soviet newspapers,
they   are   realizing  'tho situation in
Sir-Austen said he had no informa-
Hon. R. W. Craig, attouncy-general, !lio11 except-whar had appeared in the
It also is reported, has definitely ilo-jpress
"^Letters By Sleigh
' Cappercleuch," Scotland.���Owing to
the. roads being blocked by snow the
"Stalls- to this, town are being conveyed- by a horse-drawn sleigh over the
field, and in other quarters goods am
being conveyed by men"oh horseback.
.Several areas onythe Scottish borcler-s
have'been cut off by snow", and sheep
farmers have suffered serious losses.
; Manitoba-Debate Brought to Close
;��� 'Winnipeg���The debate on the ad-
-.'dress in reply to .theSspe'ech from the
''-throne.came-to-an._unexpected end in
,-the   Manitoba   Legislature   after   23
'���: days of debate.-' -Quietly' and without.
. ceremopy.the" house passed the.custom-
;' ary motion-.,that tiie ��� speech- be en-
1.' grossed and presented to the lli'ut'en-
-= arifgovernor! :..'.-./".
cided_not"to"be_a���calfdiuallTarChe pro-
vincial election, and should the' government. be successful at the polls,��� R.
M. Matheson, ICCf, Brandon, is mentioned as 'Mr. Craig's successor. Mr.
Bracken will make an appeal ,to the
electors either during the present summer, .oi- in 1927.
Hope To Resume Debt Parleys
LondonV���Winston Churchill,, chancellor of the exchequer,-stated in the
House of Commons iliat if. "iJdumer,
French .minister of. finance, expressed
hope that he would be able .to come
to London soon for ,the resumption of
debt negotiations.. .'
Suspend Proposed
Increase In Rates
t  -
Plan to' Raise Rates on Stockers and
Feeders by Fifty1 Per Cent.
Ottawa.���Suspension of the propos-
ecV fifty per, cent.-increase -rate on
stockers and '��� feeders, in the western
provinces, was'ordered by the board ot
railway .commissioners.
The increase, which it was proposed
by the railway to put,into effect:on
March 1, would- apply ��� to ��� rates on
stockers and feeders from primary
markets such as' Winnipeg, Moose Jfiw,
Calgary.' and- Edmonton lo stations-in
Manitoba, Saskalchewan\and' Alberta
It is probable that tiie matter will
be considered at the lime" of tlie hearing in Regina on the general rates" Inquiry. . .No date-for this .sitting has
beendecided upon, but it will probably
take place within the next two months.
The.;application for suspension was
niade byW. H. McEwen,-counsel for
the province of Saskatchewan.
W-   N.   U.-iCIJt
Oil  Monopoly In Turkey
London.���The   Standard   ��11 Company has obtained an- olrmonopoly in
Turkey, according  to   Constantinople
newspapers.
The Turkish Government is said- to
have agreed to purchase all its oil
supplies from Standard depots at. Constantinople, Smyrna and Samsoun.
IIe_addc'cniiaTlie was unable^to say
what trade the schooner was engaged
in, but*the press accounts said she
was engaged in an attempt at rum-
running.
Regina.���The operation of a federal
long-lerni rural credit plan with provisions for the establishment ultimately of co-operative credit societies
is exist in Ireland,- Germany, .Russia is not so rosy ;is"is depicted
tnd other Kunipran countries, Ihy tho Soviet orators, because the
was approved by the Canadian Couu-|fIDailCo commission has already slash-
oil of Agriculture at ils annual meot-joci their requests for propaganda funds
Ing hero. ��� >__\_-iy por cent. with an additional cut
The   council   referred back to the j promised before the end of the con-
various organizalions the question oi
making Armistice Day a separate lioli-
ferencc.
The shortage of manufactured goods
day to Thanksgiving Day and Jcft io I throughout Russia is felt more by the
population ihan in the early days of
tho   revolution,   when the people had
plenly-of-oId-clothos^aiid-lUisbia's-foF*1'
nier rich were selling their possessions
to buy bread.
.High Cost of Education
Winnipeg.���By an overwhelming majority delegates attending the aiinu.-il
convention of thc Manitoba Teachers'
Federation, "declared against increasing consolidated school areas in the
province. Referring to charges nf
high, cost of education, Dr. Shortrcod
maintained-that more money was
spent on liquor, tobacco nnd'other unnecessary luxuries than on education,
without-.arousing a murmur of protest.
the association to deal with themselves
the question of liens   prior   to   fust
mortgages.      Resolutions   asking i or
the re-organization of thp board of
pension commiSftiQuers, tor more timely distribution nf reports of experimental farms,, for the elimination of
exchange and ihe cashing of all
cheques at par unci favoring the conscription of wealth during Avar time
were among ilie more important measures adopted.
Chief int ere-; i, t however, centred
around the t.-^pic of rural credits,
moro especially  in view of lho fact
To Meet Competition
Americans Cut. Prices As Alberta Coal
: Goes Oh - Sa le I n ' Onta rlo
Toronto.���Reductions   in   prlco   of
American   .anthracite   and    domestic
coke were made in,Toronto, coincident/
witii the commencement, of sale by the
\ot the HiiiiDiinct'Ujeni ot the Dominion ; city authorities of tho first part'of its
Government In r.hq speech from the
throne of its hit tuition to provide during tlio prudent session of parliament
to establish a syplem of long-term
loans to farmers,
The preamble of.the resolution ultimately adopted' set forth tlio belief
of the council that "the ultimate
solution of the problem of rural credit
will-bo found in the development-of
thousand-ton shipment of Alberta coal.
Coke was reduced two dollars a ton
and"semi anthracite ono dollar a ton.
Property Commissioner Cblsholm-.'sald
that it was obvious tho city's Alberta
coal competition had" forced -down
prices-on coke and other fuels here.
Will Test New Helicopter
London.���Four  European   countries
co-operative credit societies' controlled! arc hastening "to test tho Cierya hc!l-_.
I"-
and  operated  hy  the  farmers  them-'copter
selves, but' also recognizes that con-
dilio'ns in many parts of Canada aro
not yet. favorable for the development
of such societies on_a hirge scale." '
Rome���Indications that the Vatican
will take a stand,against crimc'.qews
in the dally papers;"'in the same way
that it lias opposed immodesty in
dress, are contained in-the Assevatore
(Romano, official organ of-the Vatican.]
Honored by Indian fribe
Here is a photograph of Robert-Randolph Bruce, new Lieutenant-Governor
of the province, of British Columbia, being appointed as a chief of the Stoney
Indians. The governor-was given a puff at the Pipe of Peace and seemed to
enjoy it. ".������.���
Display Of Wealth
r       . ______      - -
Splendor Marks Great Coronation Fete
Of Indian Ruler
��� Jaminu, Rasiiinir.���Rarely hasindla,
with all the riches of its'-princes, witnessed such splendor as" was. display;
ed when the-new Maharajah" of Jainmu-
an��l-Kashmir, Sir Hari Singh,, enter,
tained 150 guests* at a."state,'banquet
in. honor of the ruling princess ancfi
chiefs of the native'Indian states-who
.jire hero from all parts.of the country1
for his coronation.;,
The princes ���- were served on gold
plates ancl tho members of their staffs
on solid silver. ' The native"rulers
were attired in their priceless slate
robes; and the great ornate banquet
hall bf the royal residence blazed with
light cast from Jewels whose value was
estimated at a total" of several million
pounds. ..
which its inventor claims will
revolutionize aeroplane construction.
Five Clerva helicopters are under
conslructioir-iu England with the inventor supervising, the work; tho
Spanish Government is building two
of 300 horsepower each; and France
and Italy each" are negotiating for tho"
construction of five.
���-, .. Manitoba'To Return Money
. .Winnipeg.���Provision for returning
the money collected under the Manitoba Grain.Futures Act, will be mailo
in.a bill to'be introduced during ihe
present: session of the Provincial
Legislature, by. Premier, John Bracki-n.
^thc-act was .recently declared ultra
-vires of the province by a decision of
the judicial committee of the privy
council, following joint action by Alberta and Saskatchewan. '���:
Heavy Catch Sinkr Vessel
Copenhagen.���A Norwegian  fishing-
vessel, ���which left Vaag3oy one morning, *���' and last seen at four tho same
day,.is believed to have sunk with all
Ave hands, under the weight of an w.
ceptionaly heavy "catch, . THE LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH COLUMBIA, THURSDAY, MARCH 4, 1926
ssse
frmr-wt���
THE
LEDGE
6. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
Rock Creek Items
Wtn.  Bruce,  of   Ingram . Mt.,
fs' #2.oo a year strictly in advance, or'
ga.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To^Great Britain aud
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $2^5.00
Coal and Oil Notices     7.00
Ustray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks .....  -. 1,00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
O.Vhcrc more than oue claim ap-
pears lu notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)    ���
was a Saturday
side.
visitor to  River-
Miss   -Dolly    Pittendrigh,   of
Rhone, spent the week-end
her parents here.
with
The blue birds and robius have
arrived here and are busy in*
specting tbeir summer residences,
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Hatton,
Bridesville Road, Mr. ancl Mrs,
G-. Pitman and Mrs. Smyrl, of
Myncaster, and Mr. and Mrs. J.
Lindsay and daughter, were
among- the visitors to town on
Saturday. .  .  . ���
Kettle River Assessment
District
DR.
A. J. DORMAN
DENTIST
Office:
McCutclieonjResiclence
Groeiiwood
All other legal advertising, 15 cents e
line first insertion, and 12 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion,- nonpariel
measurement.
Transcieut display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals
sertion.
i2^c. a  line each in-
The blue cross means that
your, subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pi eased
to have more money.
With the Curlers
The cold night's of the past
few days has kept the ice in very
good condition at the curling
rink and the knights of the broom
are having a grand time. The
Ross cup competition" (reversed
rinks) is well under way, with
Clothier's rink leading with 32
points and Peterson second with
31. The games played to date
are as follows:
Wright 11, Peterson 10.
Clothier 10, Moore 4.
Wrights, Smith 7.
Newmarch 8, Wright 6
Newmarch 9, Smith 8.
Clothier 18, Puddy 9.
Puddy 11, Newmarch 8.
Moore 11, Peterson 8.
.Moore 9, Smith 8.
Peterson 13, Clothier 4.
The McLennan & McFeelj.
competition will be decided
on Saturday night when Gregory
will play. Walmsley for the cup
Midway School
Report for February
division r
Teacher, Joso MacDonald
Total actual attendance
Average daily attendance
PerfectwUstendanco
1
Angft   Marie   Bohemier,   Chris-
282
14.1
James   Brown\
Mayneen   Bash.
Mr. Ryan, a director of the
Canadian''Farm Implement Co.,
of Medicine Hat,- interviewed a
number of shareholders here on
Tuesday of last ��week. He left
the following- day for Grand
Forks.
The officers elected for the
Woman's Institute at the meeting on Saturday in Riverside
Hall were: President, Mrs. J.
Lindsay; Vice-Pres., Mrs. W.
Clark; Sec.-Treas., Mrs. Ed.
Richter; Directors,- Mrs. Blain
and Mrs. Olson; Programme
Committee, Mrs. Kayes, Mrs.
Pittendrigh, Mrs. Blain, and
Mrs, Douglas. Homilton; Librarians, Mrs. W, Clark and Mrs.
Pittendrigh. There was only
one item of business brought up,
re Solarium, which will be discussed at the next meeting. A
delightful tea was served b~y Mrs.
Glossop, Mrs'l Hamilton,' Mrs.
Lindsay and Mrs, Clark, to about
SO people. A big Dance will be
given by the Woman's Institute
on Victoria Day, Monday, May
24th, at Riverside Hall, Rock
Creek. Posters will be issued
later,
NOTICE, is hereby given that a
Court of Revision and Appeal, under the
provisions of the "Taxation Act" aiid
"Public Schools Act" for the Kettle
.River Assessment District, respecting the
Assessment Roll for the year 1926, will
be held at the places, aud on the dates
hereinafter mentioned:  .
ROCK CREE.K
Tuesday, March 16th, 1926, at 10 o'clock
A. M., at Riverside Hotel.
GREENWOOD
Wednesday,   March   17th,   1926,    at 10
o'clock A. M., at Provincial Court House.
GRAND PORKS   ...;.
Thursday, March iSth, 1926, at 10 o'clock
A.M., at Provincial Court House.
KEREMEOS
Monday, March, 22nd; 1926, at n o'clock
A.M., at Provincial Police Office.
,.'   .   PENTICTON '
Wednesday,   March   24th,'  1926,   at   10
o'clock, A.M.,at Provincial Police Office.
���     Dated at Penticton, B. C, March ist,
1926.
-R. G. KEYS,
Judge of Court of Revision & Appeal.
DR.   A.   FRANCIS
.Physician and Surgeon
Residence Phone 69
Greenwood
SEND YOUR     -
BOOTS  and  SHOES
GEO. ARMSON, .Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Reoalrer
All work and material guaranteed.   We
pay postage one wav.   Terms Cash.
���JWBMWMlH^wiayMiH-roBwgengi^^
If price i�� a consideration the pries you pay for a Chevrolet
is the price of a_l fully, equipped car
STARTER, WGHTING'AND IGNITION SYSTEM,,
SPEEDOMETER,   AMMETER   AND OIL GUAGE'',
AND DASH LIGHT. y -.^
* VACCUM GASOLINE SYSTEM
With Tank in Reai\
DUCO. TBE LONG LIFE FINISH.      COWL LIGHTS.
All these and,many other accessories, necessary to real molorhig comfort..
.���'*...'���   and convenience are included in the first cost'ofjtlie        7;
NEW CHEVROLET
. ������;���.-    THERE ARE NO EXTRAS TO  BUY
GRAND FORKS GARAGE
JOHN R.' M00YB0EF, Proprietor.   --        TELEPHONES 24 and 18
Clothes Cleaned, Pressed and
'Repaired
also Shoe Repairing   *
C A CARLSON    Next Swayne House
The Hockey Club Dance on
Marcli L7th promises to be a most
enjoyable affair.
PROVINCE  OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA
Forest Branch. Department of Lands
r    .
EXAMINATION   FOR THE POSITION
OF ASSISTANT FOREST RANGER
��� synopsis of
landact-Amenoment;
tiane Bohemier,
Yves .Bobeoiicr,
Verna Evads.
Proficiency List.
Grade VIII: Kathleen Salmon
mid Yves Bohemier (equal),
Rosalie Brown. Absent���Roy Sharp
Grade   VII:     Mayneen   Bush,
Verna ^vauF, J0'111 McMynn.
Absent���Mae Sharp, Raymond
Tippie, William Tippie.
Grade V: Marc Bohemier, James
Brown. Absent���Gladwin Sharp,
Gisele Bohemier.
Grade IV: Christiane Bohemier,
Ange Marie Bohemier, Bernadine
Brown, Fred Tippie.
DIVISION   II
Teacher, Nellie F. Keir
Total-actual attendance    -      29]
Average daily attendance   -   14 55
Proficiency List
Grade III: Jack Brown, Bertille
Bohemier, Ethel Bender.   Absent;
���Lucile Evans,  Gordon  Roberts.
" *-
Grade II: Philip Pannell, John
Champa, Just Bohemier, Fred
Erickson. Absent���Pauline Roberts, Ernest Hawkes. W>
Grade I a: Louis Delisle, Absent���Roberfe Evans.
Grade I b: Floyd, Warnick, Jack
Champa, Dale Brown ^aud Eloi
Bohemier (equal), Edward Bryan,
Leslie Bryan, Absent���Evelyn
Hawkes. ' .'
Perfect Attendance0
Ethel Bender, Bertille Bohemier,
JuBfe Bohemier, Dale Brown.
object ���-
Tliese examinations are for the purpose of
filling present vacancies ami to enable ca.it-
diilitcs to qualify for EiiliiFe vacancies and increases in staff. ��� .   '������
" ASSISTANT FOREST RANGEBS
Assistant Forest Rangers are cniploved
cluriiijr tlie fire season of eacli year and this
period is extended where possible by vork on
tnijiroveuients such as trails, etc. Re-aiipoint-
���iiient is made each year as.lonjjras satisfactory
service is piven. Promotion to the permanent
stuff is made by merit and examination .as
occasion offers. The salary is $100 per month
tlie lirst year and SllOper month the second
year, and $120 the third year. Traxclling expenses are also paid.
QUALIFICATIONS FOR CANDIDATES
Candidates must lie British 3ubjects residents i ii_35 rittsUjColtiiiiUUi for at least oiie^year,
'ofKood"cliafacterr(roo<i"plrysicalI_<_ouilition~a:Kr
witli -woods experience.
Thcy should have experience in fire fijrlit-
iii(r; possess the ability to organize worlc and
handle men; and have liiiowledfre of the Forest
Act.
The examinations are partly written, partly
pnil and are designed to test the candidates'
ability alon^ the abo-ve lilies. All statements
made by applicants as to experience, education
ancl fitness are subject to verification by (lie
examining board. '"
Preference is elver to  relumed soldiers
with Ihejnecessary qualification*.
THE EXAMINATION
Tlife examinations will he held at tlie places
and on the dates iianicd below. "Each intending
candidate sliotild apply to the District _Forestci>
of Iiis district for application forms and for information regarding Hie hour of the exainiua-
tion and the building in which it will beheld.
Amplication forms should, in each case, be filled
out and mailed to the District Forester in time
to reach him at least six days before the examination.
Apply to District
Place
Date
Forester at
Merritt
March 2nd '
Nelson
I'entlctoii
March 4th
Nelson
Rock Creole
March <Jth
Nelson
Cianbroolc
March 8th
Nelson
Invennere
March Oth
Nelson
Nelson >
March 12th
Nelson
Kamloops
March 18tli
Kamloops
G. K.'NADEN-,
Deputy Minister of Lands
Advertise in The Ledge
pre-emptions
Vacant, unreserved, surveyed
Crown lands may lia pre-empted'by
''British subjects over 18 years of aga,
/and by aliens on declaring* Intention
to become British subjects, conditional upon residence, occupation,
and improvement Cor . agricultural
purposes. " ".."''
Full Information concerning, regulations regarding pre-emptions is
*|iven in.Bulletin No. 1, Land Series,
"How to Pre-empt Land," copies ol
which can be obtained iree of charge
by addressing the Department oi
Lands, Victoria,, B.C., or to any Government Agent. -ty
Records will* be granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes, and which Is not timber-
land, I.e., carrying over 8,000 board
feet tier acre west of the Coast Range
and 5,000 feet per acre east of that
Range.
Applications for pre-emptions are
to be addressed to-the Land Commissioner of the Land Recordlrig"T)i-
vision. In which the land applied for
hs situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of which1 can be .obtained from the Land Commissioner
Pre-emptions must be occupied for
fiye years and improvements made
to value* of $10 per aero, including
clearing and cultivating at least five.'
aeres,.before a. Crown. Grant can ba
received.
For more detailed Information see
���the Bulletin "How to Pre-empt
Band."
PURCHASE
Applications are received for pur-
=chase=of==-vaeant=and=unreser-ved=
Crown lands, not being timberland,
for agricultural purposes; minimum
price for first-class (arable) land is
$5 per acre, and second-class (grazing) land $2.50 per acre. Further information regarding purchase or leaso
of Crown lands is given in Bulletin
No. 10, Land Series, "Purchase and
Lease of Crown Lands."
Mill, factory, or industrial sltei on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acr.es,
may be purchased or leased, the conditions      including      payment      oi
stumpage,;_'...:..:.._        .;..'.",.....    7..	
HOMESITE L.EASE8
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding 29
acres, may tee,leased as homesiteo,
conditional upon a dwelling being
eroded- ln the first year, title belftg-
obtainable after residence and im*
provemeat -conditions ar.e fulfilled
and land has been surveyed.
LEASES
For  grazing  and  Industrial   purposes area�� not exceeding 840 acrei'
may be leased' by one person or ��K
cdmpany. -
GRAZING
Under the Gracing Act the .Province is divided Into grazing district*
and the range administered under A
Grazing Commissioner. Annual
grazing permits are issued baaed on
number ranged, priority being given
to established owners.. Stock-owners
may form associations for range
management. Free, or partly free,
permits ore available for settle
camper's as__) travellers, up
bead.  -
to    I
���x ,..'*,*. ''*
Greenwood  hopes , the  neighboring-district will  turn out ea
masse to the big Hockey Dance
on March 17th.   .
Job Printing, at The Ledge
Copper Trails
Extending-to various parts of southwestern British Columbia, ^the copper
trails which we call telephone 4ines are
ready to carry long-distance ^-conversations atTspeeds ranging from 8,000 to
178,000 miles per second. When speed
countsf-Long Distance. ,
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY.
JQB P
The Ledge
Lady Byng Inspired fey Rockies-
Lord Bjirfc j'olfing on the famous
Banff courso
Jo one has any right to speak with
authority of Canada-who has
.seea only the East or the West."    *
It was Her Excellency, the Lady
Byng of Vimy who made this "statement recently at a luncheon of the
Ottawa- Women's Canadian Club
shortly af tea' her return f rom a trip
_iej^sB__and_t_hrougli_jC_anada-_over-_!a.
master of some eighty thousand
miles. Accompanying His Excellency
the Governor General-,-/Lady Byng
had visited practically all parts of
Canada meeting at every stopping
place the warm welcome Canadians
everywhere reserve for "Byng of
Vimy" and his charming Lady and,
.not less important, becoming ac-
���quaintecT with Canada's unrivalled
and never-ending succession bf scenic
glories.     ..
"I fael~rhave_some plea to come to
speak to you ou Canada", said Her
Excellency. ""I come as a sort of'advertising agent to beg of you that
. you.go west and visit there. I know
the 'terrible question- of expense but
let'me tell you, it is well worth it
I do so regret that people will go to
the South of France or some seaside
resort; rather than view the beauties
of their own Canadian Rockies and of
Vancouver Island."
Lady Byng described her first view
of the Rockies.' "It-was so great an
inspiration...., I cannot convey the
beauty and wonder of that undulating
line rising out of. the mist; that endless, unending chain of marvellous
mountains and the valleys below m
colours of acquamarine and emeralds."    -.-���.   ���- ..      ""��� N
The opinion y of Her Excellency
regarding Western Canada is not that
of a mere, passerby. With the Governor-General she has been all over
the country, going by motor where
tbe rail -ana river do not penetrate.
"There arethose'," said Lady Byng,
ilwhbjwsitjCanada.landing.atJQuebec,:
coming on to Montreal, proceeding to
Ottawa, and Toronto, who have gone
away giving their view on Canada.
Such views are always^defective even
if sometimes they are not wholly
unfair and unjust. Canada's bigness
is evident on the map, but its, actual
size is only realized through direct
contact and acquaintanceship."
The idea of interchanging visits
east and west is developing the
attitude so. admirably taken by the
wife of the Governor-General should
speed the' movement and give it
wider impetus.
In our Dominion, different localities
have different interests and problems,
and nothing but., a close and syna
iler I xcellcncy, Lady Byi A
pathetic study of cause and effect will
solve the difficulties which confront
the country as a whole Books and
newspapers assist somauhat in bringing- into closer touch .the eastern,
central and western regions of the
Dominion. But not until-the people
living east visit the west and the
!pe.ople^in=thei��_west^visit=the^older=
provinces ��� visit them with the.
intention of becoming acquainted
with the life and ideals of the native
born, will any degree of intimacy or
understanding be reached.    '",'-:'_.
The lesson of Lady Byng's speech,
then, is for Canadians, when they go
travelling on holiday, to extend their
knowledge qf-v the .-. structure and
economic life of the people in other
parts of the country than their own
and to see for themselves the beauty
of Canadiaascenery which travellers
from other landd say is unexcelled the
world over and of. 'which every
province has its full share ��� see
Canada first, and see it from Halifax
to Victoria. Xz.
ITISH  GOLUMB
- x y   x ' ,
The Mineral Province of Western Canada
TO END OF DECEMBER, 1924
��� Has produced Minerals as follows:,   Placer Gold, $77,382,953; Lode Gold,'
$1.18,473,190; Silver, $68,824,679; Leadj $70,548,678; Copper, $187,489,378; Zinc,
��32,171,497; Miscellaneous Minerals,  $1,431,349; Coal and-Coke, $260,880,048;
Building Stone, Brick, Cement, etc., $42,225,814; making ifes Mineral Prodacbion
to the end ol 1924, Bhow an \-        , ,A
Aggregate Value of $859,427,386
Production fortheYar Ending December, 1924-, $48,704,604
The,Mining Laws of this Province are more liberal, and the fees lower, than those of any other
N Province in the Dominion, or any colony in the British Empire.
. Mineral locations are granted to discover era for nominal fees. ~
Absolute Titles are obtained by developing such properties, the security .of which is guaranteed
by Crown Grants. ��� _
.Full information together,with Mining Reports and Maps, may be obtained gratis by addressing���
~ THE HON. THE/ MINISTER OF MINES
\
VICTORIA, British Columbia.
NT. B.   Practically all British Colombia Mineral Properties upon which development work has been
done are described in some one oi the Annual Reports of.the" Minister of Mines.   Those*
1    considering mining in vestments Bhould refer to such reports.    They are available without -
charge on. application to fehe Department of Mines, Victoria, B.C.   Reports of the Geological
SaiTey'of1 Canada, Pacifiei Building, Vancouver, are recommended as valuable)sources of
"'. information. .. ���"'���.������W--        .yy     "yx ]'���������- W ���
���\1
,il

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