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The Ledge Aug 9, 1923

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��� -<W��&c_!i
'���''\WWY~ x
*��ial Li,
J X:\l
vol.  xxx.
No. 3
Just received a large shipment of
Enamel, Tin and   Galvanized  Ware
Consisting of
Double Boilers 3 sizes, Steamers 4 sizes, Stew Pots, Kettles, Milk
Strainers./Collanders. Pails, Wasti Basins, Dish Pans. Wash Tubs,
Wash Boilers, SorlnklineCans, Etc.  -
We carry Earthinware Crocks suitable for preserving1 eggs in
simmmmmm mmmmmmmmmmm?mmm?fmmm^
ens Hats
Samples for Suits   ���
and Styles
W. Elson & Co
Okanagan  Apricots
--     . y ...x -    . '       ���-"-.
Place your orders early and avoid disappointment
Phone 46
^umiuuiiUiiu imutttuiimimuuumumuuumuuamurv
Fresh Chocolates.
Complete Assortment of
Just in
Every thing, in Box and Bulk Goods
Nice Assortment of Presents for School Closing
\ ���
Marmalade Season is Here
Try Our
Orange and Pineapple Marmalades
and Bramble Jelly -
Taylor & jenkin
)- ,
19r ,
'iff* **
Palace Livery  Stable
Express and Heavy Draying
Auto's and Truck For Hire, Day or Night
We carry
.Tires, Oils, Greases, Hay and Grain^
Office Phone 13.        -~ Residence Phone 3L
'   - We carry only the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A-trial will convince you
JOHN MEYER - Proprietor
Closes on September 1st, 1923.
If yon are contemplating taking new service, or making any changes in or
additions to you present service, you should send notification, in writing,
not later than the above date, in order that yoa may take advantage ofthe
new directory listings.
-, i
Real Estate.
Fire,  Life  Insurance
Licensed by B. C. Government   -
Accident & Sickness Insurance
-Auction off your surplus Stock
, Call 'at my Office and see me iii
reference to any of above
Half Price
Commencing June 2S, aSale of my
present stock of Millinery, at Half
Price, will be held.     Prices and
stock will please
Mrs. Ellen Trounson
Thriller of Thrillers
. .William  Fox presents
Thej sensational   speed    drama    which
rdelighled all New York
THE FAST7 mail
An Honest Motion Picture
SEE: " The Dixieland steeple chase;
- The boiler-splitting river-steam
boat.race; The daredevil jump
from locomotive to racing auto;
The jump through 'flames; The
greatest- series of thrills ever
. staged.    '
6 reels 6
Also a two reel Sunshine Comedy    -
"Laughing X��as"
Greenwood Theatre
AUG. 10th & ilth
Commencing at 8.15 p.m.   -
Dance after the Show on Friday
Collection to be taken at Dance.
Refreshments' served   in Kennedy's
- i Old Store .-
Agent for Dodge. Chevrolet, Studebaker
and Overland cars. Garage in connection.
D. MePHERSON        -.     Proprietor
Picked Apples For Sale
SOc in your own ,boxes.   T. A.
Clark, Midway.
Dr. O. M.' Graves, Dentist-, will
be in Ferry, Wash., the first 8
days bf every month.
, Tenders
Tenders wanted -to build an addition
20 feet x 20 feet to the Rock Creek
School," either as a separate room or
straight addition. Tenders to be in by
Aug. iotli. Apply to the Secretary,
Rock Creek School " Board, Rock
Creek, BrC.
Presbyterian Chords
Minister in charge
Rev. W. R. WalkinsUaw^B, A.
Services Sunday, Aursst 12ih
Myncaster 11 a, m.
Greenwood. 7.30 p.ie.
Paragraphs of Local Interest
Oue'.of the nicest conrtes.es you can show your friends ia to let them leara through
this column of your visit whenever you go away. Let us know when -you have visitors
at your homes. The Ledge will consider it a courtesy whenever you ffive us an item
of this kind.   Write or phone 291*.
Ernest McGauley of Castlegar,
is visiting Billy Walmsley, Jr.
J. S. Mitchell has moved his
family from Boundary Falls to
E. G. (Dad) Clay, a well-known
commercial traveller, died very
suddenly in Kamloops on July 30.
Now is the time to get ready
for the Rock Creek Fair, at Riverside Hall on   Friday,   Oct.   5th.
Place your order for Fall Rye
now.    Brown's, Midway.        .
Miss Margaret Morris, of Vancouver-is the guest of Mr', and
Mrs. J. E. Hoy at Mountain
A. Emery has taken a position
on J. ..C. -Cruse's ranch and has
moved his family from Nelson to
Boundary Falls.
Archie"*A.  McDonald returned
fto town on Tuesday from Sandon
where he did some- work on his
mining property.
h. Portmann ; returnedQ from
Nicholson creek on Sunday where
he was assisting' the Portmann
Bros, at the ranch.
W. Walkinshaw returned to
Vilan, Alia., on Wednesday after
a ten days visit with his brother,"
Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw.
Mrs. E. T. Smith and daughter, ^ Jean/ returned "to" Seattle^
Wash., on Tuesday after a'ten
day visit with Mr. and Mrs. A.
Legault;        ..
Pototoes will surely be a
bumper crop this year, the prices
may be good also; for the world
is large ��nd~contsrfns many people
who like potatoes.-
Joseph Bella, son of Constable
Bella, broke his arm.on Sunday.
He was running down Greeawood
street when he tripped and broke
his arm when he fell.
John Portmann came in from
Nicholson creek on Sunday and
left for Spokane on Tuesday
morning where he will go under
treatment for an infected foot.
Tom Taylor, of the staff of the
Bank of Montreal at Ashcroft,
motored to town during the weekend to spend a two weeks holiday
with his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
G. B. JTaylor. - -
E. A. Wanke has returned from
a two weeks visit at the coast.
Hc was accompanied by his
brother H. L. Wanke who recently arrived from Australia, for
a few months visit.
Rev. and Mrs. W. R. Walkinshaw, and son, John, and W.
Walkinshaw; returned' on Saturday from a few days visit to
Spokane. They report a very
pleasant motor trip._.
"" Chas. Bubar the Star automobile agent, and Mr. and Mrs.
Evans motored in from Beaverdell on Monday' morning and
spent a few hours Ja town before
returning, to their homes.-*
C. T.' Fenner, the travelling
barber, will be at the Rock Creek
hotel every Thursday afternoon
and evening and at Midway
Hotel, Midway, on Friday afternoon and evening of each week.
Mrs. Herbert Fuller, and
daughters, ��� Jean and Margaret,
of Kip, Alta., arrived in town on
Saturday for a three weeks visit
with Rev. and Mrs, Walkinshaw.
Mrs. Fuller is a sister of Mrs.
Special service will be held in
the Presbyterian Church on Sunday, August 12th at 7.30 p.m.,
for the Boy Scouts and Cubs and
their friends. All the boys are
requested to meet at the City
Hall at 7 p.m. and from taere
they will be escorted to the
church by the Scoutmaster.
Parents are asked to be present
at this service and encourage the
L. Diamond has returned to
town after a month's holidaying
in Calgary.
W. Francis returned to-Trail
last week after spending a vacation with his sister, Mrs. Jenkin.
Mrs, D. A. McDonald, of Penticton, who was the guest of Mrs.
J. A. Fraser for a few days this
week left for her new home. in
Fairview on Wednesday.
Mr. and Mrs. Kidd, and Chas.
Mitchell, of Grand Forks, were
the guests of Mr. and Mrs. E. F.
Keir during the week-end. Mr.
Mitchell is the agent" for the
Washington Nurseries, of Top-
penish, Wash.     -        X
J. J. Job, an" architect of Bata-
via, Dutch Indies, spent the week
end the guest of E. Andreas. Miss
L. Wotmar, of Okanagan Mission
also spent the week end in town.
Mr. Job is on a year's holiday
touring Japan, China, United
States and Canada.
Anton Portmann and daughter,
of Tacoma, Wash., and Anton
Rossla and daughter, of Puy-
allup, Wash., arrived in town on
Monday"" by motor and are the
guests of Mr. and Mrs. L. Portmann. Mr. Portmann and Mr.
Rossla are Mr. L. Poftmann's
brother and brother-in-law.
G. B. Gane has purchased the
store at Kettle Valley from Mrs.
A. Whiting and took possession
on the first of the month. He
also takes over the post office and
mail carrying. Mr. Gane is
well known in the district and
needs_no introduction. We bespeak for him a liberal patronage.
A good' farmer should be proof
against tournaments and exhibitions in harvest time. "Too
much play spoils lots of hay," is a
saying of the early settlers which
should not be forgotten. This
year, however, plenty of farmers
who worked all the time failed to
get all .their hay saved in good
r Only routine business was
transacted at the Council meeting
on Monday night. It was
brought' to the attention of the
Council, however, that boys with
bicycles were riding on the sidewalks and the Council instructed
the City- Clerk���to-put a-stop to
this practice forthwith. Boys
are asked to take this hint.
Long dresses are now the fashion. Who could have thought
that a few short- months and
the lengthening of dresses could
have' wrought such havoc! It is
not a question of health, or of
morals, or some ugly shanked old
thing who wanted to hide her
abnormity. -Men did it, men who
like to toy with women's frocks
and dictate the length of them.
Shame, on such men, who, to accomplish their own mercenary
purposes, would capture the
noblest instincts of art and set
them crawling in the dust! _ But
our women will still be lovely in
their trailing skirts,/ although
not quite so free as they were last
year; nor quite so youthful, and
the question of age is always
worth while.
.. Forest fire conditions all over
British Columbia at present are reported by the forest branch as
being very hazardous, and the
watchfulness of both officials and
the general public can .result in the
saving of many millions of dollars
of valuable timber during August
and September, states Hon. Mr.
Pattullo. offo date there have been
less than half as many fires this
year aa last aad the cost of fire-
fighting has been, small. Unrelenting care is the only thing required, he advises.
' Have you paid, ycrar subscription to The Ledge?
Combination Mine
Much optimism has been displayed in town since high-grade
ore was encountered in the tunnel
ofthe Combination mine of.the
Eholt Mining Co. last week, about
230 feet from the portal." On Tuesday a drift was started to the left
and after a round was blasted
the lead measured about two feet
wide, showing an improvement, on
Wednesday morning. Grey copper and native silver can easily be
detected in the ore, assays of which
have not been received. Since the
locating of the ore about three tons
has been sorted and when a carload is secured it will be shipped to
Trail smelter.
. A number of.well-known miners
who have examined the ore are of
the opinion that it is asj good a
grade of ore as taken from the
Providence mine.
It is the intention of the management, in the near future, to
put two drills to work so that
drifts can be run both ways on -the
lead. The lead still shows in the
face of the tunnel but no work will
be done on it for the present.
The Combination is one of the
oldest mines in the district having
been discovered and worked in
April, 1892, by the late F. A.
Bartholomew and C. E. Bartholomew, now president of the Eholt
Mining Co., the majority of stockholders being Spokane residents.
It is Mr. Bartholomew's faith in
camp and with the able assistance
of C. R. Garris, the secretary-
treasurer, who is at present in
-charge at the mine, that this property has been so successfully developed.
This rich strike]means much for
Greenwood and district. It will
encourage other ^properties to open
up, capital will be easier to secure
and Greenwood wi|l once, more be
on the map .as a big mining
Mining" Notes
A trial shipment of three tons of
ore will be made from the Crescent
on the Phoenix hill to the Trail
smelter. This property is being
developed by Wm. and Ed.
Thompson, of Midway, who have
some good ore in eight.
It is reported that a rich strike
of ore has been made at the Sally
mine at Beaverdell.
Kettle Valley Notes    -
G. B. Gane is erecting a dwelling on the site at the rear of fehe
Mr. Hindmoor has his brother
and family visiting him from Surf
Inlet", B. C.
Mr. and Mrs. Bonnett and family and Mrs. Welstead spent the
day at Palm Beach on Sunday.
After being postmistress at
Kettle Valley for over 12 years
Mrs. A. Whiting has resigned in
favor of G. Beavan Gane.
Mr. and Mrs. W. Johns and
family have left the Valley and
gone to the Biverside Hotel to
take over the management.
J. Eichter had' the misfortune to
break his leg on Monday whilst
cranking his car. At present it
has not been decided if it is a clean
break or a compound fracture.
Mrs. Douglas Hamilton returned '
from thecoast on Sunday. Everyone will be pleased to hear that
Mr.   Hamilton   is   progressing as
well as possible after his operation.
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Whiting
and family went to Vancouver on
the 1st of Augnst on a month's
holiday. George Whiting sailed
for Brisbane, Australia, on the
"Niagara" on the 3rd.
Capt. Geo. Swayne Dead
CaptainGeorge Swayne~an"~old
timer of Greenwood died at Kamloops on Tuesday August 7 after
an illness of over two years. He
had lived in" Greenwood for about
22 years and in the early days
built the Swayne boarding house on
Silver St. For a number of years
he worked in the smelter and when'
the . Greenwood Public Building
was built he was appointed caretaker which position1'he held until
illness forced him to retire. The
funeral, took place on Wednesday
8th in8t.^
Captain Swayne was' born ib
Chatham, New Brunswick, 72
years ago, and went to sea at an
early age. , In his young manhood
he left the seafaring life for a while
and spent some time in New York
City, engaged in office work.
While there he had the privilege of
hearing Charles Dickens daring hie
American tour, and often used so
speak of going for 24 nights in
succession to hear the great novelist read from his own works. Tiring of the confinement of office
work, he went back to the sea
which he followed for a number of
years, visiting practically every
part of the world.
He was married in 18.84 to Miss
Laura E. Wells of Dorchester,
N. B., who survives him, and they
have one son, William G. Swayne,
at present a resident of San Francisco, California. Captain Swayne
was a member of the A. F. &*&. M.
Boy Scouts
Troop   meets   on   Friday   at
7:30 p.m. in the Fire Hall.
Midway News
Miss M. McMynn has accepted a
position on the staff of the Grand
Forks public school.
W. E. McArthur has 1,000,000
feet of lumber cut andris still sawing at his mill on Meyers creek.
Mr. and. Mrs. J. O. Thompson
and family, of Kettle Valley, were
the guests of Mr. and Mrs. H. H.
Pannell, over.the.week-end.
W. C. Salmon has returned from
the Grand Forks Hospital. His
many friends will be pleased'to
learn that he has practically re��
covered from his illness.
Grasshopper are very numerous
this year and they have been doing
considerable damage to gardens.
They raided Jim Bush's garden
and practically cleaned it out.
Midway needs an irrigation
system similar to what is in use in
other parts of the province. With
plenty of water many acres of land
could be .put under cultivation on
the fiat.
John R. Jackson left Rock
Creek-the-first-of- the weekin-
charge of two carloads of cattle for
Vancouver. This makes the total
of nine cars that has been shipped
from the district recently.
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Bush and
daughters, Mrs. Stapleton and
Mayneen Bosh left this mornir.
for a motor tour of Seattle, Victori;
and Vancouver. During the next
tea days Mr. Bush's blacksmith
shop will be closed.
The Carmi-Kelowna wagon ��� road
is again being advocated by the
residents of the Boundary. This
road would go through a fertile
section aad open up a new tourist
route between the Boundary and
the North Okanagan..
While starting his car on Monday last Joe Eichter. sustained a
bad accident, the car gave a jump
forward the * fender pinning Mr.
Eichter to the wall of the garage
and breaking his leg. His many
friends wish him a speedy recovery.
, Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Kerr returned last week from, a visit to their
daughter, Mrs. C. McArthur in
Butte. The trip was made ,by
motor part of fehe way with Mr.
and Mrs. K. McMiliian of Trail.
The joornej by car took them over
1600 miles and they report an enjoyable outing.
United Farmers Celebration
' The "United Farmers will hold a
celebration on Labor Day, Sept 3
in Midway. There will, be. borfie
raees, foot races, auto races, baseball and olher sports. * Watch for
big postern later. THE     LEDGE.     GREENWOOD.     B.     C.
Canada's Gold Production
.OfThe Air
The Latest Death-Dealing' Device Is
Described .
Designs of new machines to win. the
next World War follow one another
so rapidly that governments are hard
put to keep up with the revelations of
the inventors of death-dealing terrors.
"The most fearful air weapon yet devised is being made secretly," according to the Aeronautical correspondent of the Daily Chronicle, "to
ram the transport planes carrying enemy troops."
This   new    terror   will be heavily
armored and will be launched from a
dirigible    resting   at a great height.
Without guns or any weapon save a
knife-like    cutting    bow, the pilot of
the "ram" will plunge down on the
huge troop-carrying plane of the enemy.     Just before reaching his objective, by operating interior mechanism he will draw ��in   his   telescopic
wings.     Then with his ow-n plane as
projectile he will dive at the vulnerable wings or control surfaces of the
enemy aircraft.      Through  these  he
will  cut and ride his way, and  the
groat battleship of the air will reel
earthward to' destruction.   7"  .. \ , 7 '
-Tiie pilot of. this hew projectile-will
then press a button.,'.-..The-wings will,
extend.; ; '.Tlie sudden' plunge will be
. checked/"and, by- starting/a.-powerful
/���interior-engine'the pilot,will be'-able to
i-.bring- into action .shielded."air- screws",
.-and by- mearis.of.these.he" will-be able
.'to' -climb andVrejoin the mother air-'
��� ship.' - -='    7   -     ���'     "'"   ' ���  .
. No   call 7'has . yet-  gone -'but   fo:
. pilots for "these.projectiles of the-ah
���' Mangel Beets.For Hens 7
���. Anthing in the form of a' "root such
as -turnips, beets', carrots- or mangels,
are excellent for. the .liens-" and 7 especially, is. this true-of-mangel beets.
.Thlsklnd of.beet answers the purpose
.'of both bulk'.iritiie.crop'and digesUve
"" organs, together- with the purpose/of
juicy,' green   feed; -: - Moreover;   more
/of the-manger beets can, be raised, on a
,'Briiall plot .than any-other-root'; sucti:
as. above -named.-./ Where _'there is
'���"room be sure and' plan a- part of the
ground-.for at' least ..one' of .the root
crops. ���' "' ���   '    ,'"- , -"' y'X-.
.''London    exports-   about
������worth of candles-annually."
. ' ;Have faith in your - friend.1:
will keep -them/ faithful.'-     ;
. if you.
Titles Of the Prince
Will Pay An Unofficial Visit to Canada
This Fall As the Duke of
The Prince of Wales is to pay an
unofficial visit to Canada as the Duke
of Cornwall. Queen Victoria used to
travel as the Duchess of Lancaster,
and King George visited the north of
England as the Duke of Lancaster.
As a duke is only entitled to be called "Your Grace," or addressed as "My
LordU.Duke," it is to be presumed that,
"Your Royal Highness" is not mentioned during these tours of royalty
The Duchy of Cornwall is unique
among dukedoms, in that all other
dukes inherit their title through the
death of its holder, while the Duke of
Cornwall inherits upon his fatherTe-
coming King. Another Edward than
the present one���namely, Edward the
Black Prince���was ��� the first to bear
the title, which was instituted in 1337
for "the oldest born sons of the Kings
of England." If the holder of this
title dies before becoming a King, his
son does not succeed to the dukedom
���for he Is not the eldestVsori of a
King. On that account- the title has
suffered several temporary disappearances'. .' "" ��� .-' ���[,.-.:, -..-:.'.,.-   V '������   ���' X '���''""'
.To Canadians,.'"these intricacies'- ofthe peerage/are.a continual puzzle.-; It
is . a '. fact,-", for' 'instance,'.,that -King
George,- before ; succeeding v-to * the
throne, was,Prince of,Wales and. Duke
of Cornwall and York., ' The'present
Prince of-Wales, on,the other hand,
is Duke of Cornwall, .but, not" of Yofrk.-
If his father had/died .before' King Ed7
ward,, however, the. present Prince
.would have been Duke of York,; but.
not" of .Cornwall. 7 Tli'e.Veader can- figure it. put'if, he-has time, and patience.
He will have tobear. .in ' mind'- that
when-7'King 'George .ascended , ihe
throne, the dukedom of York became
merged- in the' .brown. -'. The. present
dukedom/of York.is'a new-preatibn.".
��� The dukedom of Cornwall, which
automatically came to'Edwdrd.as soon
as'.bis father ascended' the-throne,, ls
'source of/large revenues, as well as:
considerable,-, honor. -' /As," Duke" of
Cornwall, ...the' Prince . .of _ Wales Jap-
points the. sheriffs-of-Gornwall. - No
bill directly affecting Cornwall'can be,
introduced In either .House without
his consent, and he has various other'
duties and privileges.. But he would
be welcomed by. Canadians under any
name.' Very few will;take the trouble
to' solve, the .titular complexities, of: his
royal-: or. ducal .inheritance.���Toronto
StarV'VV."  " "-''-���'..'     -     ���"   "
Exact Figures For Year 1922 Given By
To those who are not in close touch
with the gold production of Canada as
well as to those who are somewhat
conversant with the figures, the report given out by the Dominion Department of Statistics will be-of much
interest. These figures are for the
calendar year 1922, and. while estimates have been given out before,
exact statements have not hitherto
been available with reference to all
There has been considerable discus1
sion in the past few years with refer-
once to possible gold production in
the province of Manitoba. The actual
gold production, has, however, been
very limited, the total outmit in the
year 1922 being in value $3,225 for
156 ounces of the "precious metal.
Manitoba people, however, have the
knowledge that there is some gold in
the Rice Lake area, and where there'
has been proven to be-some, there
majs be a valuable strike some day.
An item in the figures which will
surprise many readers is the lower production in the Yukon and its relation to the production in British Columbia. The figures show that British
Columbia yielded nearly four limes as
much gold as the Yukon, the fig-,
ures being 51,456 ounces for the Yukon
and 207,370 ounces for British Columbia.
Ontario is, of course, the great
source of the precious metal in Can,
ada, having, the most famous and
greatest gold mine in the world, the
Hollinger. - Others in the same district in Northern Ontario are only less
famous. - -
The value of gold in all Canada in
the year 3922 was $26,116,050, and the
amount was 1,263,364 ounces. The
distribution in the provinces was as
Nova Scotia   $      21,540
Ontario .' ' 20.G7S.S62
British Columbia
So Says Mrs. MacPherson of
Lydia E. Pinkham's Viege-
",   table Compound   V
Total    $26,116,050
These figures indicate a gain of 3G
per cent, in yield over the previous
year. /
In addition to ihe gold ^figures the
statisticians give out the yield of Cobalt for "the year, of which the major
part of the world's supply comes from
Northern Ontario. The production
for the year was 569,960 pounds. The
price is reckoned at $3.25 a-pound aud
the total value, $1,852,370.
Alberta   Scientist   Commended
American Professor Speaks of Results
Obtained in  Diabetes Research
...;-.---.7- Work -
Lettuce,'beaii leaves and onions contain' "glucokinin,". "a" substance similar.- (p' lhe recently discovered "in
"sulin," which may"prove of even more
value as a cure for diabetes, Professor
J... j. Willaman,1 of the University of
Minnesota, declared ih an interview
in'New York City.
Professor Willaman said -that Dr.
J.7.B. Collip," bf the University of Alberta, one of the group first - to
make "insulin," discovered "glucokinin" after experiments ...with clams,
oysters, yeast and mushrooms.
" Successful tests with the new substance have been made upon dogs and
rabbits, it was stated. No clinical
tests have yet been made on human
beings' but Dr. Collip was quoted' as
having said:- ' '   - 7 ,
- s.There is little doubt that this substance will be useful ln ihe treatment
.of diabetes in the human subject.""
/ The, Canacian scientist was prompted to tlie new experiments because of
the. high costs of insulin,, "Professor
Willaman said. Glucokinin, he added," can be extracted at a small cost.'
An Egyptian
Interesting Lights Thrown On Ancient
Life of Egyptians Thrown Recent
The widespread publicity which attended the opening of the tomb of Tutankhamen has produced one very "excellent result. It has led to the raising of funds sufficient to permit of an
early resumption of the work of excavating the site of Tel-el-Amarna.
This work promises far more interesting results than any so far yielded up
at Luxor.
AArhatever may be thought of the
artistic value ot the discoveries in the
tomb of Tutankhamen, there can be
no doubt that the accumulation of
such a vast hoard of property in a
temple of the-dead made rather unpleasant appeal to tlie materialistic
side of our nature.
Investigators at Tel-el-Amarna wiil
not be diggingz-among the houses of
the dead, but will seek for knowledge
among dwellings that once were occupied by the living. They will be in
touch with life4tself as it was actually led by the ancients over 3,000 years
ago. More than this, they may be
able lo throw- valuable light upon ihe
early origins of religious belief.
For Akhenaten, the father-in-law of
Tutankhamen, founded the city of Tel-
el-Amarna ia order to establish there
his new faith, the essence of which
was .belief in a single deity as opposed to tlie old religion, which involved
the worship of a multiplicity of gods.'
By manyVhis is believed to have been
the very first monotheistic movement
in the history of all mankind, and to
have paved the way for the Jewish
faith in wliich Christianity "has its
It is clear that a religious change
of so striking 'and revolutionary a
character must have been accompany
ied by other no less original tenden-'
cies. And so it-was. Tel-el-Amarna
was a centre to which all advanced
thinkers and artists flocked. WHere
the pursuit of truth was a passion
amounting almost to Nihilism.
To avoid .flattery, the art of the period resorted to grotesque caricature
and ugliness was frequently, preferred
to beauty. But it is of interest to
observe that different ideas prevailed
when it came to applying art to life
itself.- Near Tel-el-Ainarna, fox- example, there has been excavated a
workman's settlement, said to be a
really perfect example of town planning, and many of ihe houses and
temples which have been, dug out are
revelations of unexampled beauty.
Already, as a result of excavation,'
Tel-el-Amarna has developed into an
Egyptian Pompeii. But it is really-
more precious than Tompeli, for liere
was made probably the earliest attempt in ihe history of mankind to establish' Utopian conditions founded
upon peace and truth. Three thousand years have passed since then, and
Tel-el-Amarna slill remains a dream)���
London Daily Chronicle.
Search  For  Lost  Continent
Francis J. Ford, Famous Explorer and
Noted Writer, Sails on_Jnteresting
-Expedition /
Traces of' a lost continent similar
to the fabled "Continent of .Atlantis,"
helieved'by scientists to have existed
thousands of years ago where now is
the Atlantic Ocean, will be investigated and studied in the Pacific Ocean
by Francis Js. Ford, famous ��� explorer
and noted writer. .
Travellers, masters of coasting vessels and adventurers in the South
Seas have brought back to the outposts of civilization wonderful' accounts of this lost continent that uphold the beliefs of scientists.      '" ...
They tell of the ruins of an ancient
metropolis, once teeming with all the
culture, arts and industries of a long-
forgotten race, uow half submerged in
the ocean. Rising-out of the sea'are
the tops of gigantic and strange buildings. Coral has attached itself to
the ruins, forming a picturesque atoll
with a placid lagoon.
The structures are said to be Egyptian in design and pyramids have been
discovered in the limpid water below
the strange atoll, basking in the tropical sunlight and washed by a shimmering sea.
Mr. Ford sailed from San Francisco
on the-S.S. Ventura of the Oceanic
Line, for the South Sea Islands. He
will visit Honolulu, Samoa, .Fiji Islands, New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, New Guinea. Borneo and Java.
And Mr. Ford is going in the wilds
alone to "hunt, wildtribes of natives
and unfrequented spots, heretofore
not visited, accompanied only by a
servant, savage carrier boys and a
guard of soldiers. ~
He will charter a "tramp" steamer
to explore the thousands of unknown
and uncharted islands in the South
Pacific.  X ������/'
British naval commanders will, afford him protection. ..
,Mr. . Ford will record his explorations" and adventures with a-motion
picture camera.
Sentenced, to Death,
No Appeal Possible
The death warrant .Is passed out
every time a corn is treated with Putnam's Corn Extractor.'' It means ihe
end of the corn. Putnam's lifts, out
corns, root and branch, and never
fails. Refuse any substitute fo/Put-
nam's.     25c everywhere/ '"    v-
Brantford, Ontario:���:""I was always
tired and the least exertion would put
. me out for a day .or., two.- I had. a
pressing pain on the top of my head,
?" " ain in the nape of my neck, and when-
stooped over I could not get up without help, because of. pain in my back.
" I did not, sleep* well and was nervous
��� \at; the. least noise.  .1 keep house,' but I,
. ;'v/as such a wreck thatM could not sweep
'. the floor nor wash the dishes without ly-;
-ing.down afterwards.   A friend living
: -,near-me- told rhe what Lydia-E.'Pink-
' 7 ham'sVegetable Compound had done for
."her so I began to take it. With the first
7 bottle I felt brighter and got so I could
Wash di3hes and sweep without.having
to lie down.   Later I became regular
'.'again' in my .monthly.terms.   I have
taken ten bottles all told and am now
all better.    I can truly say that your
wonderful medicine cannot be beaten
for- putting health and vim into a woman. "���Mrs,.James H. MacPhersoj?,
309 Greenwich St, Brantford, Ont
If you are suffering from a displace- I
ment, irregularities, backache, or any
other form of female weakness write
to the Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co.,
CoboEra:, Ontario, for Lydia B. Pink-
iiiaro's Private Text-Book upon "Ail-
saeaia Peetsliar to Women." C
The Only One .
Editor, of Newspaper .Told/Why He
XX"],. - ..-':Was'lh. Debt"'
X:A preacher; .at- the,close,of pne,of
his 7 sermons,;; said:' "Let all In' the
house .who are" paying -their .'.debts
stand'u'p." . .Presently: every man, woman -and /child, with;one exception,
"rose"to their, feet;- "7 '"-' '. ' ' -,,'..' 7 ���'���'
VThe preached seated them.and said:
"Now. every man not.paying his debts',
stand, up." -'The exception. .a.-.care:
worn',-' ��� '.lit.pgry.-lo.oking "'- Individual,
clothed iu.,his last" summers suit,.'assumed a perpendicular posilion. - 7
-7'"Haw..is it, my friend;";asked.-the
minister, -'you are JLhe only man not
able to-meet .his obligations?"'-'/-.'*''
"I - run 'a. newspaper',".; he- answered,
"and the brethren-here who stood up
are-my subscrib.er's7 and-���"
'. ���i-",Le't,,.us, pray,V exclaimed ,the. min1
ist'crV'Vl-v-VV.. xyx. ���-,.';,.. y/-"."..'   :-' '���,'���
An Ancient Garment
Cloak Worn During the Bronze Age
Found In Sweden
. What must be the oldest garment
in Europe tyas just been found in-
Sweden. Some peat Cutters' were at
work in G-erum'Fen, near Skara,- when
they, discovered a voluminous .cloak
just a. few feet;.under the-surface of
the" peat.' The preserving qualities of
the", fen -.water, liad kept it intact-since
tlie. Bronze. Age, about a thousand
years Jbefore the Christian eraV . Several noted professors/haye examined
the cloak'. aDd all agree as io its antiquity;-, -TlTe slritb geologist of Sweden, Dr7 L. ven Post; has.;no. doubt as
to its ageJ...-' Pieces of material hand-
woven in'the. same period are tiibuJat-
-ed"iii' the British" museum. These
were taken from ,ihe Swiss lake .dwell;,
ings, -and the 'dfficialsr in charge .'of the
Bronze "Age .Department "say .there-'.is
no' reason "why "the new. finds should
"Sound and Its Measurement
Instrument Which Photographs Wave
-\     Devised By British Firm
, To those of a philosophical turn.ot
mind there ls much food for thought
in the extent to which sound enters
into our daily affairs,.     The human
ear, which is so sensitive-that It can
detect the tiny air wave started by a
falling   gate   latch   a hundred yards
away,    is "deafened    by the" roar of
street traflic,. or strains to catch the
message   "of   a.telephone diaphragm
less than, an Inch away.    In eliminating   -unnecessary ,  noise,     and     In
strengthening  and   purifying   sounds
which-lt is; desired to-hear, there are
Innumerable difficulties to overcome.
The amount of energy la, the sound
wave is almost incredibly small, whatever,   our "Impression in .particular
cases.    Also the sound wave is transient, and has nothing tangible which
cau be ihcasured. ��� One of the most
useful methods of investigation  consists .in recording   tho   wave   photographically.     An instrument., devised
for the.purpose by a British.scientific
Arm' employs a very light diaphragm
which .is .set in motion by. the "sound,
and;records"its oscillations on a photo-'
graphic film.; .The   special   features
.He in. the extraordinary thinness'.'o'f.
the diaphragni, ai& in   the ��� arrangements, madeto. alter 7'tho'   range- of
measurement. V By aid of this, and
other - Instruments,"-' muchiknowledge
hasbeeh gained,'- contributing towards
the perfection ^ of the .'telephone and
gramophone^ and assisting."**! the' construction of better buildings and'silent
machines.    -V'-V V , ' ' - :'    :.- W-"
-Decorating the Cook
British      Member    -of      Parliament
Advocates Deserved Recognition
" The recent proposal or a member of
Parliament, apparently made In all
seriousness, that a decoration in the
form of a cross be given io English
cooks in recognition of faithful and
eflicient service, may excite"the quips
of jokesters, but of all persons providing public service, none is more
entitled to gratitude than the cook.
Upon ihe cook depends, In large
measure, the health and happiness of
the household. Badly cooked food is
the 'foundation for many,ills, including that tribulation of a nervous, High-
strung age, indigestion.
' Voir can live, without.books.        ���"
What is knowledge but grieving?"
- You can"live without hope.'      >
What is hope but deceiving?   '"
You can live without love.
What is passion but pining?
But where i.*the man who can live
without dining? ���,     ,7. .  ���.
And back of thedinner must lie a
cook. 'If she be a good cook, the man
rises from the table prepared io love
even his enemy, and to" give his wife
the new frock she���has been hinting
about.' '       r    ���
Perliaps If the cook got" more
recognition, than "she does, one household problem' might be solved.���St.
Thmas Times-Journal,        �� -
Oldest Ship Afloat
.Okanagan Valtey_Apple Crop
The-apple-crop ofthe bkanagan Valley now,bu-trees' wIlMotal 4,620-cars,
jiot be i>erfecuV.genuine, Jt^fe thought atcor^ng feVthe.teircrop estimat^fe
that- tlie-.peat areas "of, Ireland ;prob
ably..-cover arid preserve much -that
would throw a great deal of light upon
the -..'.little-known; "race .of the. Bronze
Age-period .of Northern-Europe.-.;-..   v;
"Alberta Lake Fisheris
-.-A recent-survey shows that the lake
fisheries of Alberta are worth $390,-
000. annually to the province. Forty-
four thousand hundredweight of fish
were marketed last year, the greater
proportion of the catch, being white-
fish- '"' '" ...       ..���������"'
U.   14U_
Japan Traces 2,500 Years
���   Japan has a,written.-history
fendsng ovrr 2,500 years.'.:' 7 ,.,-.-
In South America there is" a race of
cats whicli does not know how to
mew. -a
Farming was the -occupation bf
more than' half _the poxmlation of
France before the war;
London'imports. $6.0(m\Ti(!0 worth' of
apples every.year.7--'-.; ���'.. ..... ���;���: 77-V
sued :this season- by.the district" horticulturist. "..This is'an" 'increasesof 20.
per cent/over last-.year .and largest
ever grown. The apple crop of-the
Kootenay and boundary districts- will
b(?; ai%i;cximately^,80,000 boxes:; -.-X-X ���[
Success Is Only Survivor Of England's
. Felon Transports
The British convict ship "Success attracted great attention recently in its
trip.through the St. Lawrence waters
to Buffalo, where it was located for
exhibition purposes. The Success
was built in 1790 at Moulniein, in
British India, and is by many years
thc oldest ship now afloat, and is tho
cnly remaining survivor of England's
traditional fleet of felon transports.
- The Success is massively built
throughout of Burmese teakwood,
her.tonnage ls 1/10.0.- .She.is 125.feet
long and .30. feet,' beam. Launched as
a: .merchantman, .she'.was. cliarlered:
bj-'the British in-lS02to transport to'
^Australia the overflow .from' the jails;
continuing the.tra'de.until"1S51.-..:,'���
X At the.port of.Prescott,- "Ont.,. the
Success tied.- up: over.;' night; ���;. Ffew
people were-permitted. - to board ���. the
ship, but. those: who "did,- saw ail the
dungeons,-, cells, whipping posts-and
branding irons.which now only .fiction, tells ".of.--"-..'   -.--'" .. ,.
To Study the Sun
Chain-of Stations Around the World
���-.'��� to Keep Orb Under Continual
With reference to the recent announcement that the Australian Government; has decided to establish a
solai\observatory in that country, Dr.
William J. S. Lockyer, Director of ihe
Norman Lockyer Observatory,-at Sid-
mbuth, South Devon, England, writes:
Eveiyone knows that it is due to
the dominating heat and light of ihe
sun that life on this earth is possible,
and many of us are also acquainted
with the facts that the weather and
also ihe number"of magnetic storms,
aurorae, and earthquakes vary from
one year to another.
-Tlie past study bf the sun has shown'
us thai he is in a conlinual state of
turmoil. On his surface spots and
other markings are seen to wax and
wane, being more numerous in some
years than in others.
On his ."limb," or edge, storms or
prominences.^violent outbursts of up-
rushing gases, behave very simijarly.
Observations during total eclipses
have demonstrated that the upper
reaches of the solar atmosphere, as
exhibited?' by the "corona," undergo
great variations In ship and extent.
These and. other, facts shows that
the sun undergoes ranges in light and
heat from one year-to another, and it
has been ascertained that all these
phenomena complete their cycle In
about eleven years. There are indications of shorter' and longer cycles of
disturbance, but these up to the present are not so well determined.
The'- continuous and detailed study
of solar changes is therefore of supreme importance, if wfe are io���and
we must���increase, our knowledge
about the sun.
If the study of the sun "was limit-'
ed to tbe work of one observatory the
records would be��� very- sparse,- because no observations can be made at
night time or on cloudy days,   ,
,An effort was therefore.made io
place solar observatories first in local-
Ites where the raw material, sunshine,
was profuse, such as IndJa, and, secondly, to distribute ihe jPbservatorles
in longitude���i.e., east and west--���so
that when one observatory... is experiencing night the other is in dasiight.
Thus it was desired to institute a
chain of staiions round the world so
that at every moment of.time ihe sun
could be under observation.
At present observatories for making
this study are located-in Central Europe, England, America and India, tak
Ing the countries in order from east to
west. It will be seen, therefore, that
there is a grea<f.gap in longitude between. America, and India, and It is
this gap which, for a long time, it has
been wanted to fill.
Man Is Sort Of Machine
Liver Has  Effect On   Brain Says Dr.
Crife, of Cleveland    o
Dr. George VJ[. Crile, Of Cleveland,
Ohio, aroused great interest at the
final session of the surgical congress
at London, Ont., when he advanced
the theory that man is just a sort of a
machine with the-brain as the/seat of
higher potentiality and the liver as
the seat of lower"'potentiality. He
described the brain as the positive
pole in the human eleqtrlc machine
and the liveiv, as the negative pole,
with the nerves as the connecting
"The "function of the liver is of
foremost importance in. this hypothesis," said Dr. Crile, "and the 'cf-"
fects of that organ on the brain,
whetheR in sickness or health, is immediately apparent. - This" theory
explains the interference with digestion occasioned by strong emotion, in-
Kry or pain, etc. ^ -If, explains the ef-
cls of fear and faith arid the failure
of. health in man and animal under
the stress of chronic fear, anger, and
other si rong emotions. The theory
thai , man is an electro-chemical
mechanism explains many phenomena
of lite."   v a _ -
Minister Forgives.. Burglar
Message   to   Assailant   Shows   Jrue
Spirit of Christianity-'1
__ The Kev. Dr. Kerr, Presbyterian
minister of New York, desenes to
be classed with the'saintly bishop in
Victor Hugo's "Les MiserablesJ' Dr.'
Kerr, who is 65 years old, surprised a
burglar'at work In his home a day or
two ago, and waa attacked by the burglar, who struck him several times
with an axe - and otherwise so maltreated him that he may die; and~the
good man, as���soon as he regained
consciousness, asked the newspaper
men.-to-convey-a_message" of forgiveness to. his assailant, with the assurance thatf he would like to lend the
burglar a helping hand toward abetter way cf living. / Could the true
spirit of Christianity-, have been more
beautifully^ manifested. ��� Hamilton
Natural Gas For Edmonton" -
��� It "is expected that- the,-installation
of gas. sen-ices in residences' in Edmonton will commence-in the near future. The .contract for-the digging
of the ditch and laying the pipe, for
the pipe-line for gas from Viking has
been let, and preliminary work has already- commenced. .
"Armored Glass"
- I -.;,
Experiments  Being   Made to  Improve
'..Texture of Glass Products.
is safd that a. fortune awaits the
individual who shall invent a flexible
unbreakable glass.     "Armoredrglass,"
so-called because it contains a netting
of galvanized, wii e and is not easily
Part Of Peacemaker : -;. - .v.. .broken into small pieces, is too heavy
"l.was 'acting tlie-i>art.of peacenik'ami" %: nearly opaque for most uses.
er," explained a"prisoner.���".
_������  "But yoii knocked the man sqnso-
le.="s!" said the,magistrate.'
.:.'"! did," was- the answer.-     "Tliere
was io other way  to get  peace."���
Pearson's \Veekly. ..
In., Thibet . marriajre is' considered
a very.difficu.i ana iroublesoine . in^
stitutlo.n. .  It   only , takes . place,   in
wealthy ..families.'} .':'   '- 7 -. .'"'" [,y-
The organs of smell in. a vulture
and a carrion evow are so keen that
they can scent their prey for a distance o'f 40 miles. - '���".
'-.Canada    has    50,000' war graves .in
France,,England .and Belgian;/.; ~"y-
Vcnice is'.built
has 400-bridges. "-
on SO',' island's. -and
There is a-glass of comparatively recent "inve'niioxr-called "tbree-ply." .Although- it is neither flexible noirun-
breakable, it ..has certain advantages
over other kinds. . It is composed of
two panes of glass with a thin sheet
of transparent celluloid pressed between them and made to adhere by
hydraulic pressure. It In said that a
blow hard enough to shatter ordinary-
glass and to drive the pieces for some
distance merely cracks the three-ply
glass.. ���- '     .   ��� f
"Take ii home fo
the kids
Have a packet in
your pecket for an
ever-ready treat.
ft deljeious eonJss-
tion and an aid fo
the tseth, appetite,
Sealed In its
Portly Package
Fortunaieiy <cbi!dreii*t_o not learn to
talk until .\after_- the tooth-cutting
period.   -���
. V
5-  '
��� * - Paper Mills For B.C.
Speaking before the Liberal Association at Vancouver, Hon. T. D. Pattullo,
Provincial Minister of Lands, announced that six separate.groups of financiers were negotiating for the establishment of pulp and paper mills with
the Provincial Government. He
states that he expected two or three
concerns would be under way in a
short time.
When it comes to harvesting .the
crop, a young man is sorry that he
sowed so many wild oats.    ^ mmm
l:i   -
THE    LEDGE.  ! GREENWOOD.     B.     0.
Banks Signify Desire
i?o Give/Financial Aid
To Sask. Wheat Popl
Regina���"Some ,of the banks have already signified their desire to co-operate in furnishing the necessary credits," is a statement occurring in a circular drafted by the secretary of the
Grain Growers' Association and dealing vvithVhe voluntary *vheat pool now
in course of organization. "At all
points where banks are located," the
circular will state lurther, "tliey will
act as papers of the pool. Where |
(here are ro banks, other arrangements are lo be made."
Tlie initial  payment   on grain   con
signed to the pool, il is pointed out,
will be made through these payers,
but "the percentage of initial '���payment can be determined only immediately prior to the opening ol the
Further possible payments through
the marketing season are forecast in
the slatement that "should ilbecome
evident, as the season advances, that
a lurther substantial payment can
be^. made before the end of the'pool
year, provision has been made for
such a payment.''
I) ���
Ottawa.���Tlie rapid increase in im-"
migration to Canada dining tho first
three months of tlie present fiscal
year, amounting to 63 per cent, more
than for the same period a yeai* ago,
is accompanied by indications of a re-
turnV movement Irom the United
States, according to officials ol the
Department of Immigration and Colonization. -,
Reports   reaching   the   department
indicate that tliere has already been
a considerable movement of returned Canadians who in recent months
were attracted to tlie United States
by the industrial  prosperity then ex-
Presidential Headquarters, Palacu
Hotel, San Francisco.���Wan en G.
Harding^ President of tlie United
States, died instantaneously and with
ou^t warning Aug. 2, at 7.30 o'clock, a
victim of a, stroke of apoplexy, which'
struck him down in his weakened con-
isting   in   that   country.     The pros- j diiion after van' illness   of   exactly   a
peet of a record crop in Canada,
with improved industrial conditions,
and the northward^ movement of the
wave of prosperity, i.s already reflected in admissions at United States
border points.
Britain Has Problem      \
In Unemployment
.French    Occupation    of    Ruhr    Has
Checked Decrease   v
London.���Reviewing in the House ot
Commons the unemployment situation
in the United Kingdom, Sir Montague
Barlow, Minister of Labor, said there
was a difficult winter ahead.   The oc-
cupiilion ol the Ruhr by the, French,
which at first seemed to ussisl towards an improvement, consequently
had a contrary effect. Nevertheless
unemployment figures had steadily
lallen and now stood at 1,185,000, but
tliere was no hope of a reduction to a
point below a million this autumn.
Dealing with the Governments plan
to��� cope with ,_l1ie situation, he men
tioned that the whole amount sanctioned under the expdrt period its
scheme had been borrowed and provisions .had been made for continue
ance of the scheme. - Government
departments wore arranging to accelerate work.   -- /
Sir   Montague   said   he hoped iho
peace ol" Lausanne would result in an
"industrial boom but the ultimate solution of ihe"  unemployment    problem  New
Says French Policy
Spelling Ruin
American Economist Says World Conference Should' Be Called
New Vork.���"Nothing that Great
Britain or the^ United States could do
can help Europe avoid a smash unless
France changes, or is forced 'to
change, her policy," John F. Sinclair,
or Minneapolis, executive chairman of
the World's,Monetary Association, declared upon his arrival here, after a
five months' survey of the European
financial and economic situation.
"France*" he.added, "is pursuing a
policy whicli, if not checked Vit the
election next spring by ihe French
people, will spell absolute ruin, and
disintegration lor all Europe."
Mr. Sinclair urged that the Government of the United States immediately call a^world conference on
war debts and reparations J'and invite
every nation ol Europe owing money
as a debtor to-another nation, includ
ing Germ'any and Russia, to attend.
week. _      ���     _- -
Only Doctors Sawjer and Boone,
the chief and assistant physician,
were able to reach the room before
the national leader passed away.
They were ~ powerless \1o do any-
���thing. t f     -~
Brave "in the ..face of the President's illness, Mrs. Harding remained
brave in realisation of his death, and
did not break down.
-Tlie end came so sudden!) Hint the
members of the oflicial party, could
not be called. It came after -~a day
which had been described by Brig.-
Gen. Sawyer, the President's personal
physician, as the most-satisfactorj
day Uie President hud had since his
illness began. The physicians in
their formal announcement of thc.end
said that "during the day hc had been
free I'rom discomfort and there was
every justification for anticipating a
prompt recovery."
New Currency For Germany
Economist Predict Gold Will  Be Sub-
...... stituted For Mark
New York.���-Early disappearance ol"
the skidding German marks from the
financial horizon of ihe' world and
substitution ol a new currency on a
gold basis was predicted by J. F.
Deuilles, noted economist and lormer
member of "the United States peace
mission at Versailles, upon.hi_> arrival lrom Europe.
General conditions in Germany,
said Mr. Deuilles, .were appalling and
he could see no way our lor her -,ave
a re-organization,of her finances. It
the mark was eliminated, he said, the
outstanding issue probubl.v would be
redeemed in iho new money at cur-
'renl rai eh.
Speaking ol -reparations, he declared that all foreign nations with the
exception ot Great Britain would endeavor to avoid the pa} ment of their
war debts. "France," lie sahL "wants
2G billion gold marks a.-, reparations
from Germany before she will pay
what she owes Great. Britain. Under
these circumstances it ih not like]<-
tliat France will pay, as Germany
cannot pay, and if France asks priority
on reparations payments, then Belgium and Great Britain must suffer be
cause of that priority.
"The situation in Euiopo is serious,
and great peril is bound to grow out
oi nny possible break between Great
Britain and France."
Franco-Belgian Allies
And Great Britain
Ireland Not. At War
Court    Ruling    Reverses   Opinion
Master in Chancery
Dublin.���Amisiale  ol   war
Empire Extends to South Pole
largely depfiuled on the restoration ol
economic and industrial peace, iu
Will Not Study Esperanto
League  of  Nations Advised to  Study
Living Languages
Geneva,���Esperanto, the international auxiliary language,' tails io meet'
rhe approval oi the commission of international co-operation wliich had
been invited by the assembly of the
League ol Nations to express its opinion on the question. The commission
decided not to recommend any form
of artificial language but Vo'invite the
���League's favor to the study of'living
languages as one of tiie most powerful means ol-bringing���the- different
nations of the world together intellectually.
Zealand     Has     Control
Dependency at Antipodes
London.���According to an order-in-
council just published in the London
Gazette, 'the British Empire now ex-
lends to the South Pole. The order
states that the Ross Sea and adjacent
islands and territories are a British
set I lenient within the meaning ol "tho
British Settlements Acts, and are
named the Ross Dependency. "" New
i Zealand has the responsibility for the
Government of ihe depyylency, which
is defined as" gompiising all islands
and territories between the 31Sth degree east latitude and the 150th degree west longitude situated south of
the 16lh degree* south latitude^-
Praise For Canadian
Winnipeg Ex-Mayor Doing Good Work
On Saare Commission "
Ottawa.���In a report to the League
ol Nations Secretary in"Canada, W. G.
Doyle, special representative of tlie
Canadian organization in Europe, who
has been conducting., a personal investigation of the troifble"in ihe
Saaro Valley, expresses lhe���view that
the agitation ot the Saarlanders lias
been largely justifiable and is bound
to continue.'
Mr. Doyle, in his report, commcuts
critically upon Die personnel oi the
,Saar<��, Basin Commission. In reference to R. D. Waugh, the Canadian
representative, and a formeronayor of
Winnipeg. Mr. Doyle gays: "I have
heard nothing btff piaises of him aud
his administration. Germans and
French alike speak of him in highest
r   ~
���* 1
ti   ���
��� >
":  $
i f
Russia and Japan , Plan Negotiations
Tokio. ��� Preliminary conversations
which were lo'pave the way to forma!
negotiations looking toward diplomatic relations between Japan and the
Russian Soviet Government have been
concluded here. It now remains for
the Governments concerned to determine on the basis for the opening of a
forma! conference. ��� ,
Prohibition Postponed
Coustantinop!e.--The application of
the law prohibiting the consumption
of liquor-in Constantinople, which was
fixed for August 1, has been postponed
for the third time for another month.
Tho censorship of letters and papers
has been abolished.
Manitoba Loads First Wheat
Winnipeg.���Grading      Number      1
Northern,  and  registering a  yield  of
15 bushels to the acre, Manitoba's first
car of the 1923 wheat crop was re-
ported loaded on Aug. 3. at Morden,
in Southern Manitoba.
Imperial Conference Will
Discuss Advisability Of
Guidance From Dominions
House 'of Lords,' must
London.���In ihe
Lord Strathspey asked whether, in re
sponse to the continued demands from
tlje Dominions for a share in the shaping of the destinies of the Empire,
pny- definite offer which might be considered at the Impeiia! Conference
had b^en made to the Dominions of
.-eats in the Imperial Parliament-
* Lord Long declared that" sitch an
Offer would 'be unconstitutional, and
io offer half
not   be looked for in that direc-
Referring to the idea oKa federal
parliament, the Duke of "Devonshire
pointed out that this had been discussed exhaustively at the Iinpeiial
Conference of 1D17. Ther? were many
objections to the proposal, the1 m#in
one" being tha? it would infringe on the
autonomous rights of the Dominions-to
which  they  and  the Mother Country
dozen seats in either 'attached   the    supremest importance
Douse oi  Parliament would  be tarci-1 The Duko referri-d to speeches made
rah     The Impeiial Conference would ' b-v  Premier Smuts, of South Atiica;
have plentv of work    to   do   without } <-x-Premior Sir Robert Borden, of Can-
f-nteiing  ituo   this  complicated   qucWai'a;   ex-Premier  W.   M.   Hughes,  of
lion, 'he    added,   and any such pro-! Australia; and others disapproving of
nosal    should    come    from    the   Do- j 'he idea, and suggested that it would
minion* ihemtelve?. " j be ^mon a danger, instead oi an nd-
^ jfe     _-  ,* i-       <-....,._,- .'vantage, to the dominions.
The  DuSf.  of Devonshire,  Colonial -   ��� .        ,.,,-.
-   - .    .    .      ,.,_ ,,,.- Assurance war. given  by the Dtfkf
Secretarv, emphasized ihe difficulties    , ...
, . , ,,  . ,     ... ,i that the question of   closer   ���issQcia-
whioh would  be met with m airaLS-!  . .   .
., .  .        -   ��� tion   by   lhe   rapid   tran?ni's_non - of
ing   for   peat-v for the Donnmons ih i J . . .    , .
,  .     T     , i news and the rc-c=!vjng o* advice '��ml
the Commons, as suggested m  Lord . .  .
....   'guidance from the   g'eat   Dominion?
Strainpoej s   question,   and   he   was,a " i
,   "      ,    . ,     . v-      'overseas,  certain:i-  would  be  cor-'iO-l
���ore   the   Solution   of   ?he   problem, .      �� .,_..._
^   mm tm   __       ^ . i .."        . .   iered at the coming Unpens, (ouitr j
W. ~X-   iWj-lS-i ~~ jencv. ���       X *
Aviator Ascends Seven Miles
Noted French Ftier Breaks All
, Previous Records
Vitiaeoublay, France.���In a flight
under oflicial control, Sad Lecoulile,
the noted aviator, reached an altitude
thai may go down in the books^as a
world's record.-       ;   ~        ���    -   - ,   -
On descending, after two hours in
(he air, one of his instruments showed that 10.SOO metres had been attained, and another' registered! 11,000
metres, so"that he actually reached a
height somewhere about seven miles.
Tlie ascent required SO minutes. IT"
was forced to descend when an oxygon
bottle refused to work.   ,
does  not
exist in Ireland, the court of appeal
decided in giving its judgment in the
case ol Airs. Nora Connelly O'Brien,
reversing the opinion of the master
of the rolls of fhe chancer) division,
who held thfu civil war did exist in
Ireland on June 15
The decision w.is looked forward to
with great inteiost and its announcement caused much excitement as it
governs the position of thousands ot
prisoners held by the Government under the plea of military necessity.
Despite this decision, it is regarded as
Unlikely that tliere will be any general
release of piisoners, as the Go.'ern
ment, anticipating the court's decision, has passed through almost all
the stages ol Dail and Senate, a Jjill to
authoiize it to -continue imprisonment.'- aud other repressive measures
for three month's.
1-1. W. Betls, Edit or and Proprietor
ol The Record, Hughonden, Alta., Tho
Advocate, Amisk, and vThe Clipper,
Czar, Alta. The little girl shown in
the* picture is the seven-year-old
daughtei ol Air. B'btts 'She is just in
her glory if she can get in the oflicu
and help -daddy fix the type. Yes,
she can distribute type cleaner than
many bo\& or girls ot more experience,
although she does not have the opportunity -for much practice.
Cattle Shipments
Exceed Expectations
Prospects for August Are Better Says
Dr. Grisdale
Ottawa.���During the month ol July
just ended, Canada sent -J, 157 head of
cattle in twelve shipments to the United Kingdom, of which only 5S0 wero
fni. Discussing this new branch bf
Canadian business, Dr. J. II. Grisdale,
Deputy Minister o�� Agriculture, declared that if had exceeded expectations, especially lor the midsummer
months, which are ordinarily dull in
ihe cattle-shipping business. -The
prospects tor August, he said, were lor
oven largei shipments^ ten ^having
been arrange!] lor already and tho
business would probably be double
for the months ol September. October
and November.
Revenue StampsFor Receipts
Postage Stamps Must Not Be Usetl In
t�� Future
Otiawa.���New legislation whicli
took effect Aug 1 makes letters, including form. leLters, lorwarded by
mail, also postcards acknowledging
payment of money of $10 and upwards,
subject to the stamp (ax on receipts.
One change provided .for in the
amendment lb the Special War Revenue Act makes the maximum stamp
tax collectable upon cheques one dollar instead^ol" two dollars, as was the
case formerly. But the change which
will effect the-general public most is
the regulation stipulating lhat in future, banks and-the Government wiil
not accept postage stamps in collecting the tax, but will insist upon use
ol the special levenue stamps issued
for the purpose.
Cabinet Will Hear
Claim On Resources
\ _
Representatives From ^Manitoba and
Alberta  Will Attend   Meeting
Ottawa.���The cabinet will hear representatives from Manitoba and Alberta on the question of the return lo
the provinces ol their natural resources.
The matter of the control ol Un.-
natural resources in the prairie provinces has been the subject ot protiacted discussion, between tiie Dominion
and provincial authorities, but .-.o far
no solution satisfactory to all parties
had been arrived at. Saskatchewan,
which lias previously taken part in
these discussions, will not be represented before,the cabinet next week.
T.he Privy Council will hear the ap
peal oi tlie Governnietn of British
Columbia tigsiinst the ruling ol the Do
minion Railway Commission as to
frejght rales in the coast province,
which if is claimed are discriminatory.
Many Killed In
German Train Wreck
Hamburg-Munich      Express      Crashes
Into Standing Tiain
Berlin.���A great disaster occurred
aC the IO'( iensen siation, al the June
tion of the Hanover and Cassel line,
caused by a collision between the
Hamburg-Munich express and a train
standing in fhe station. Up to four
o'clock -H bodies had been recovered
from the wreckage, and the estimated
number of killed is 3 00, while I.4 injured are being eared lor in the hospital at Goettingen.
Identification of the killed is extremely diflicult-and in some cases
impossible, owing to their mangled
condition.. The collision is attributed
to the inability cf the driver of the
express tosee Ihe signals because of
grit which had been blown into his
London.���Prime Minister Baldwin
joined with Lord Curzon, the Foreign
Secretary, in ��� informing Parliament
that the icplies by France and Belgium to the British reparations note
seemed to hold out no prospect' of a-
settlement of the Ruhr situation iu
the near future nor Die opening of a
discussion legarding reparations.
Great Britain had submitted to the
other allies the draft of a joint allied
teply to the last German reparation
communication and Great Britain had
attached very great importance to the
dispatch ol such a reply tlie Premier
declared Neither France nor Belgium, however, had mentioned this
leply in their anfvver lo the1 British
communication and Great Britain to
the regiet of her Government, was unable to find in these responses sufficient material for the disfiatch of a
joint  allied reply to Germany.
Realizing llie danger of the European situation sinking into irretrievable ruin during prolonged negotiations among the allies, the British
Government, holding that the problem cannot be evaded, the statement
said, has invited the allies to agree
lo the publication of their communications in the hope that these documents together with those prepared
by Great Britain may convince the
world of the necessity of prompt
and united action.
Insulin Will Be
Made In Toronto
Factory Will Be Able to Supply Other
Toronio.���An   insulin   "factory"   i.s
being built here, the laboratories oi
Toronto University being unable to
supply necessary accommodation. The
old Y.M.C.A. structure is being built
and the factory will, besides providing a supply of insulin for Canada,
produce the curative fluid for all countries which do'not manufacture iheir
own   supply.      At.present insulin   i.s
���made in the United States. Great Bri-
, tain and Denmark
Documents Can Be Published
Rewarded For Bravery
Los Angeles.���Because, she saved
him from drowning when he was a
boy of 12 in 1S96, Theodore Tibbits,
wealthy leather manufacturer of Lynn,
Mass., who "died recently, left Airs.
Clara May Miller, nee Clara Reck-
with, the sum of ?250,0Q0.
French   Willing   For.. Public   to   Read
"" Reparations Notes"
Paris.���If   the   British Government
demands publication of t he documents
recently exchanged between the sillied
governments    on     .������eparations.     the
French Government will agree io this
request,   and   wilT'itsc-lf  publish   the
French note as scon as il receives the
consent of ihe other powers, notably
 - __      _/
Harvesting In
Southern Alberta
Wheat   Crop   in    Lethbridge    District
Reported Heavy
Lethbridge.���Wheat   "harvesting   is
! under "w-ay~in "Southern Xlboria.      At
Chin, cutting oi both wheat arid oats
started on  the big   'Gellevue    ranch.
! The crop is heavy.     At Iron Springs,
I harvesting of oats has started. Wheat
, cutting will start the end of ihe week.
Even in the Coaldaie irrigated district
where  crops  are  very  heavy,   wheat
cutting   will   start  about  Wednesday
Endorse Co-operative
Marketing System
Manitoba Farmers Approve Plan With
Exception of Contract Form
Winnipeg.���Another sfep ln the development ol" a co-operative wheal
marketing system lor Manitoba was
made when the Executive Board of
the United Farmers ol" Manitoba endorsed the report of ils representatives who iiitendcd fhe Regina confer-
once oi oiliciais ot llie farmers" association of the three pivirie provinces
last week
Differences aro said to exisr between members or" lhe hoard as to the
form the contract: with the producer
should take and whether ii should be
drawn with the pool or selling agency,
with the coa-eensus of-opinion favoring the laiier, i1 is understood.
Former Crown Prince
Visiting Ex-Kaiser
Refuses     To      Be      Interviewed     On
1 Royalist Activities
_ London.���Former Crown Prince
Frederick William of Germany is slaying for a few weeks at the residence
of, his father, former Emperor William, at Doom, Holland, says a dispatch to the Daily Mail and Doom.
He is kept busy meeting many arrivals from Germany at the Amersloot
station, to which he drives in his automobile.
The ex-Crown Prince, says the correspondent, refused to be interviewed
with reterence to Royalist activities.
Replying to a question regarding
what was the meaning of the summoning to'Doom ol numerous German
visitors, Frederick William says it is
iioliday lime, and, consequently, visits
weie io he expected.
, Observing Regular Christmas
Moscow.���The. Council or Commissars has fixed upon ten church holidays, to be obseived according to the
new stjle calendar. Thus this year
will be the first that Russia.will celebrate before ChrNtmas .simulfaneous-
1\- with the-rest ol the world.
Spreading Propaganda  !n  Italy
Venice.���Irish  Republicans,   followers ol,Eamonn, de Valera, are spreading their propaganda extensively here
I in favor of am Iiish republic and col-
i lectins   funds.      They   are   distributing leaflets which say: "A'truce does
not    mean    i enunciation.      Mazzini's
moiher-countiy   must- understand   up.
British Gunboats Leave for Amoy
Hong Kong.���Because of the fighting between rival Chinese factions at
A mot. tiie British gunboats Diomede
and Foxglove have been sent to lhat
port. Looting is feared. The Brit-
ibh .ami-Japanese consuls-asked -for
gunboat? to protect foreign lives and
propert y.
Fire Destroys Lumber Plant
Only Office and Factory of Vancouver
Mill Saved
North Vancouver, B.C.���Fire wiped
out practically the entire holdings ot
the KlcNaii mill on the water front,
only tlie office and the factory being1
saved. The loss is estimated at between ��73,060 and $100,000, alt oi
which is covered by insurance. T)n
boiler house at the end of the wharf
was cut off when the bridge leading
to il was chopped through by the firemen and lears^i'or the safety of the
ilight firemen were for a while entertained.
 .- %
' - "White" General Yields
Moscow.���General Pepeliayer, anti-
Soviet general, has surrendered to the-
Beds and addressed an appeal io the
remnams_of lJie~White 'forces in llie
Jar -east to cease opposition to the
Majority Of Sydney
Steel Workers Vote
To .Terminate Strike
\ i
U.S. Claims Stiff Open
L.iu*-anne.���The Turkish and Uui<eU
Slates experts compiled a formula lor
insertion in the pioposed treaty which
leaves the entire question ol United
States' claims open for fuither nei<<��
Egypt to Buy Cotton
Cairo, Egypt.���it is stated that ihe
j Egyptian Government has- decided io
I enter the cotton market as a purchas-
! er.     This step is to be taken with a
view ��o maintaining prices.
Sidney;    N.S.���The    Sydney    steel
strike is over. At a mass meeting
of steel worker/at "union headquarters about sixty-five per cent, of those
present voted to end the strike and re
turn to work. ' The union executive
will notify the British Empire Steel'
Corporation accordingly.
In their resolution the steel work
ers complain that every man's hand
is against them, and they censure
people, courts, police, newspapers,
and the Federal and Provincial Governments.
The steel company stated that 2,305
men were working at the plant oui of
approximately 3,300 who were there
when the strike, begau.
The strike began on the' morning
of June 27 for a 20 per cent, wage
increase  and   the  "checkoff"  sy-tem
ol collecting union dues*; whieh would
involve  recognition of  their union.
The resolution adopted at ihe meeting roads in part:
^'Our funds having been exhausted,
some of our low-paid members have
been diiven to return to work by the
threat ol starvation to their families.
"Everyone*? hand is against its in
our effort to obtain enough food to
sustain our wives and faniilif"-; and
enough clothing to allow our children to go to school.
"Be it resolved, iherefore, that w<_
let urn t��. work, although none ot our
grievances are disposed of, but oa
the contrary aie carried on io tli��
future; and many of oui best workmen will piobably. as in the past, bo
unable to a?ain obtain work in the
indur-trie*-   of   Cape   Breton   and   so
must leave this countrv.
������Philadelphia Led^r
r    vi f
Is $2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     7.00
Bstray Notices .....: 3-oo
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears ir notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
AU other legal'advartlsing. 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
(-Business locals  I2}��c.  a line each insertion.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
The auto traffic more than cuts
the railway passenger, traffic in
two.      .        	
Weeds grow with little provocation this year. If the cultivators
could be kept running all the time
they vvould still have weeds to cut."
Every garden of vegetables is
prospering *his year. There will
he quantities of beets, carrots, cabbages, etc. Great rows of lettuce
Is going to waste.
Fishing ha3 been pretty good
every day, and the anglers are getting good sized trout and only a
few small one8 that have to be returned to the water.
There are lots of drowning accidents every day in the swimming
holes and summer resorts, and
many a summer holiday is linked
with life long sorrow.'
The summer is half gone.    The
.    nights   are   a. little, shorter.    In
-.another  month  people who .want
., ��� breakfast'.at five o'clock.1 will have
V'.'to'eat' by 'artificial- light. - 7 -V    V
' ,It-would, -be "nice ft- everyone
V would; pull the. weeds in the. back-
.yards.... These .weeds .fill the. air
.   with, pollen,  and  give .much discomfort to victims of hay.fever.: V
V T.he^e is some'--,-talk'., of. starting,
a thrift society for, young people in
'Canat.av :Everybody'-r.et!Ognizesthe
: fact 7'that-".boy8. and girls dp.hpt
know much about saving- money..
inmanufactured timber is sent out
)f this province. The govern-
nent's policy of assisting the in-
lustry has placed lumbering well
khead in this province.
Premier Oliver is at present in
Ottawa attending meetings of the
Privy Council on the freight rates
question. The Bpecial hearing
opens ou Thursday, Aug. 9, and
before leaving for the East the
government leader Baid he was
very optimistic over the outcome.
He said his government would not
stop its campaign until British
Columbia had received a fair
measure of justice in  this regard.
Race One Feature
Of "The Fast Mail"
ere an
Over a thousand million fish cg'^s
of various species were collected by
the hatcheries branch of the Department of Marine and Fisheries
during 1921.
Inbound ships from the United
Kingdom are averaging 4,500 tons
of freight foi- dischar'��� at Vancouver. Outbound they take aboul
4,000 tons per vessel. Last year
the average outward tonnage was
practically the same while the inbound was only about one tenth of
what it now is!
The story is laid in the South
and the action opens with the
Dixieland Steeplechase. Of course;
there is a hero and hiB fair lady
love, and the villain scorned. And
this immediately leads us to the
crooked work afoot at the race.
They're oil! Horses plunge and
riders fall. But ever the hero
races, still pursued by the dark-
uued villain. Neck and neck they
race, and then at the turn.
As a further complication a murder is committed. The villain
escapee, taking with him the hero's
love, for. he is no other than the
rejected suitor. And now, in hot
pursuit comeB the fast horses, the
speeding automobiles, the churning
river boats and last of all "The
Fast Mail." Through all this
storm and strife our hero wins
through to success and in the nick
of time saves the fair heroine, not
only from the base villain, but from
the flames of the burning hotel.
"The Fast Mail" will ���be presented at the Greenwood Theatre
on Friday and Saturday, August
10th and 11th. There will also be
shown a,two-reel comedy, entitled
"Laughing Gas." A dance will be
held after the show on Friday.
I will pay a reward of $100.00 to any
person giving information that will lead
to the prosecution of the person or persons, that deliberately and - maliciously
deposited a quantity of "stink-weed" seed
in my grain field. -.-'. ',' ',.���������
[[ 77fX ..)".;."" WILLIAM JOHNSON,
7. .-... -,..;���':-"'  7.7-7-,..--.   Rock Creek, B.C.
Announcement has been made
that a Government wjreless station
is to be erected on St. Paul's Island,
which stands in the entrance to the
Gulf of St. Lawrence, off the most
north-easterly point of Nova Scotia.
Two Government wireless engineers
.have arrived there and are making
arrangements for the erection of
the station.. ��� v
Send Your
"    To
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way.   Terms Cash.
Pay your suhscriotion to The Ledge
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box BI108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
$i.2S each. Gold-Silver $1.75. Gold-
Silver with Copper or Lead $3.00. Silver-Lead $2.00. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00'.
Charges for other metals, etc., on application.
Phone SL when  you see  stray
cattle on the street. .
- The; horse./ flies ��� are big . and
strong this year, and can give, ai
person a savage bite anil are not
particular. ;where they take hold.
There is neither mercy or shame in
them.7. ."���,���.-"-'- [-���'
7, The early -settlers -wore flannel
���shirts all summer .and worked hard
all'the time. Of. course they were
warm . but- they did ; not make so
much fuss about a little heat as we
do now. y ���'   -X.-'- 7.-W--- XX\ .-"...
. _ -Sealed tenders will be'received by .the Minster of. t/aads at Victoria, not -later than 1100.11'
on tlie iotli-day of August, 1023, for' the the purchase ' of - licence" X481S, .to .cut 12,000. Fir. and
Tamarac Ties, "on an area situate 011 the Kettle
River,-- near ...Westbridee,. Similkatneen I<aiid
District..'        -',-. --- -������    '--.   -    ������" -
���   One (1) -year .will be' allowed for removal
bf timber.      -     '.''���.,.���'-"    .
.7 -Further particulars of the." Chief .Forester,
.Victoria, 'B.C., or- District  Forester, "Kelson,
B;C.    -   7-'     '���'"���     ���   " '-    -""''-���     '  -
The Strength A
Of A Bank ,    '
VER one hundred and five years '^'V^^^XXX-
ago the Bank of Montreal was
��� ex - " ...
established with a single office and
a capital of $350,000. W
���    -*>____. --���-,-���* ���
Today, after more than a century of
conservative progress, the combined
capital and reserve of the Bank amount
to #54,500,000, its total assets are in excess of #650,000,000L its six hundred
Branches extend to all parts, of Canada,
and. it has its own offices in financial centres throughout the world.
The full resources ofthe Bank
are behind every Branch
Greenwood Branch:
J. McD. REID, Manager.
Established over IOO yeari
Keeping timber for B.C. Industries?
Keeping alive a  prosperous payroll?
Keeping fur   and.feather in B C?
Keeping   timber   for   "manufacture?
Keeping a green forest for posterity?
-    Tailored Clothes
Men's Suits and Overcot ts
For Spring and Stimmer
Splendid Assortment pf New
V Samples Just Arrived
Call and see them
" ~ 7 7;���__at___ ���������     -  .
Tailor and Cleaner
- Greenwood
... Sealed teuaers will be received by the/District Forester, Nelson, not later ..than'aoon on
the 10th day of August, 1923, for the purchase
of Licence X5373,.near Beaverdell, to "cut 3000
fiesta, ties;."   '.- '.-',.,    .---."    -   .'..-:.
'"���"One year-'.will'be'allowed  for removal "of
timber. ','.,'      '  "���'"     - .'���   - ���    '".'���,
Further particulars "of. the District; Forester,
Nelson, 15. C   -��� "-'"."'.'-   " '"   "'V"
News From the Capital
..';'��� Viciofia;'. Aug.;>'J. Tha BrHisri
��� Columbia   section .of. the   Pacific
- Highway has beep  completed  as a
. paved ��� road' and on Labor.TDay,
Sept. 3, the event will be celebrated
by ��> grand opeaiug; at Cioyerdale.
.'-. This now means a paved highway
from 7 VancbuVer 7 to   .Seattle.
', Despite'.-..the' criticisms, directed
against Hon. WV H. ^Sutherland.
.   minister of:- publics. works;   for nh-.
7 d4rtaking the work this year,. now
that the .job ia finished  he is��� the.
. subject of congratulations. It is.
conceded by good roads enthusiastic
all oyer the province "that the pav-
7 iijg;bf the Pacific Highway will,
benefit every section of British .Colombia,     throngh   "the V increased
.���tourist'-.traffic.-X-..Meanwhile thr.
minister is not forgetting the newer districts and an nnnsually
large amount of, work on Eettlers'
roads will be completed before the
season ends. '.'-'..
British Colombia is not following
" ah open policy on the question of
espbrticg unmandfaetored timber.
At least tbe government is not,
states the Minister of Lands, Ho^
T. D. Pattullo, who points oat that
in every instance where it is pos
'sible British Columbia   timber is
ca% and manufactured   at  home
Only �� ?ery  aaasll percentage of
To-   ���.-'     ������'-���" -.-".���.     ��� ���".-.
GOTTLIEB STUCKi; " -.,' .. [X- '��� X-
'���'-���'- of Riley la tbe State of Wisconsin, one of
the United' States of America, Farmer,
And to all others whom it may concern:
/We, Leutfried Port maim, of Greciiwood s��
tiro. District of Yale aiul ,Province of British
Columbia; -and John Porl'mann, of Kicholson
Creek" in said -District;"' Farmers.; HEREBY
Ci IVE Y.OTJ' NOTICE tliat ive demand payment
of the sum. of Three Thousand Five Hundred
.Dollars...aii'l.- ifiterust. thereon at the rate of
"Eifht iK'r'cpiitujnjier antiuiii froiri the First dav
of-Niivember.-A. I). 1020, and the sum of'#_Z25_-
.'I'bcinir taxes jiaid by. us iii' respect of tlie Sands
horeinaflrr mentioned, aiid" lire insiiraii'ce' on
the buildiiurs thereon; due tons the said Lent-
frii>d'-L'lirtittaiiii' and ..Joh'ii Portmann upon a'
Curtain.Indeii'turu of Mortiratrc executed by.you
Gottlieb Stuck! and'Josef llusmann aiid Fncd-
rich 'iiei'chtold to us", and dated the First day
of Jurii!. A. I).-1915, and which Murtiraife was"
resri^tered iii.the Land Registry Office for said.
District of Yale mi the 2nd day. of September,
1915,' n-'Xuinber ���U73__r,'f��ir. securing payment of
,T!ire��; Thotisand Five Hundred Dollars, and
interest"ihereon at the rate of Eight per "centum
j>er annum as tlierein-.mentioncd, "on .the frillow-
ui(T jiropert\',"namclv:���- - - - '.������'.    -.
-,- \ALT.,A:N'D SINGULAR that certain Parcel"' or -Tract .of Land, and {ireniises-situate,
lyin^. "aiid'lieiiif; iu the-Similkameen Division
o'f   the District  bf Yale in the Province of
Uritish    Columbia,   and    more    particularly
known and described as l<ot Seven hundred
aud cijrhfy-fnur S  ;7S4Si  in   Group  One  (1).
'-accordinir to the. Official  Plan'or Survey of
said Simiilcameen Division of said District of
;-Val.-:-:. :'.;���'../.:    ...      ��� - '   ' -' "* 7.-7- ;'   .
.'..-.. AJID.-��''hii:li '���'Mortgage -moncj-s.  interest,
taxes.-nnd'insurance." vou. -tiv two Indentures-
dated  resijcctively April 3rd." 1916 and March
5th. 1917. and  r.iavle l>etweeh_ Friedrich  Berch-
told-and  Josff  Husmann   and   yourself, and
Jo*<-f ..Husmahn    and -y*iursclf.   you Gottlieb
-Stuclfi co\onaiu..'d and airreed'to pay:
AND TAKK SOTICE-tliat unless payment
of thi: Mnrffrajre moneys, and interest, taxes,
inyjrincc". costs and expenses be made, within
ONE MONTII. from' the date of the first pnb-
licatu.'u i>f this Notice.' We, thesaid I,CHtiried
Portaiaiiii aiid' John Portmann will proceed.
with or without miy consent or concurrence on
your pan., and without amy further notice to
you. to enter into jx>sM_ss!on of the said lands
and premises, and -shall sell and absolutely dis-
l>osif of the- said lands and premises by Public
Auction in front ofthe Court "House jntbe'City-
of Greriwood in said District of Yale, on Sat-
ttid.i;, the' Eij.rhth.day of September, A. D. 1923,
at the honr'of Eleven, o'clock; ia the forenoon.,
either for cash", or upon snehfenns of credit 2.P
we the said Mortsrairess may think proper, and
convt-y . a"r:d assure "the same, -ivhen &oldT��nio
the- Purchaser"-t3i<.re'��f, as^ve shall direct or
apjpf'in't...'";..-     ... ������"        ' ' -
.. Dated at Cr��env.-6od in said District of Yale
in British Columbia this 2Sthday 6i July, A.D.
1923^-" '-        ���������'-���
. ��� ." - .by their .Solicitor   - X. ���
���"'[[-'���'';.. ISAAC H. HALLETT
Summer Excursion fares
To Eastern Destinations
On Sale Daily May 15th to Sept/15
Return Limit Oct. 31   "
London ,
St. John ���
"St. Paul; '.
Minneapolis ....
Dulutii '	
 ��72.00 Fort William  gS6.3,o
...$[13.70. "Niagara Falls  .V ;"^j.t20.62
��� ���������SH3.7S-- Ottawa $127.95.-
,...gii3.75 Montreal :. ...$t32.75
,...^i4r.8o Moncton. $160.30
...$160.30 Halifax- $166.95
...."."$72.00 . Chicago ...;....-. .$86,00
.....$72.06- ..New York .....$147.40
.....$72.00 Boston '....^..".."..'.' -....$153.50
Many Additional Destinations
Ask for Rates from and to any Point
,- Route via Port Arthur or via S00 Line, through
Winnipeg or Portal, thence via Chicago or Sault Ste.OMarie
via Great Lakes; or via California'at additional fare; or good
to go,via one of the above routes, return another. VW
V   X S. CARTER, Dist. Pass. Agt;
.--,-" y[")V- Vx   Nelson, B.C. :..:-
This advertisement is not published or'displayed by. the Liquoir
Control Board  or by. the .Government  of British���-Columbiai"
Vancouver Exhibition
Au^ 11-18
-   "_". . m&iwm ffiBJtv x)
@ri Sale Dally Aui> 9-10, Inelaslve
Return Limit Aug��[M\x   -
Tickets, anii Sleeper Reservations from Pursers -kootenay Steamers;
V      Qr any tyrest.  Or write ' v
J. S. CARTER, !>,P_A��� NEIS0S 7
Tfie; Gonsolidatming7% Smelting Co;
77..."   iii   V .'i:lJ^vCjanada^.J_.im|te(l v jw
"��� ���"..���-> ������'/:   ....     .OflB'ce, Smelting and Refining Department '""- , '..-���- X
X*)'[-X' -'X--     X .TRAlf/V BRITISH COLUMBIA     .7   7     .. X)   ' , [
Purchasers of Gold, Silver,^^^ CopperViead and zjnc ores
,._'."' Producers  of , Gold,    Silver,. Copper,' Pig  Lead   and Zinc "
V       ,- 7 .- -   --."TAPANAC', BR'AND" v   .    '
Synopsis of . -^
Land Act Amendments
. Minimum price of first-class land
reduced to $5 an acre; second-class to'
$2.50 an acre. ">
Pre-emption now   confined   tosur-    "
veyed lands only.
Records  will be  granted  covering
only land suitable   for    agricultural
purposes   and    which. vis   non-timfier
-land. .
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
.but parties of not more than four may
"arrange for adjacent, pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
Pre-emptors must occupy,7 claims-
for five years and must make improvements to value of $10 per acre,
including clearing aud cultivation of
at least 5 acres, before receiving
Crown Grant.. y "y.- '    -
Where pre-emptor in occupation-not
less than 3 years,  and has made proportionate improvements, he may because of ill-health, or other-cause, be -
granted intermediate certificate of im-..   -
provenient and transfer hisclaim.     '���'������
Records withput permanent residence
may   be   issued,   provided   applicant:
makes improvement to extent of $300'
per annum   and records   same   each
year.   Failure to make  improvements;
or record: same Vwill operate   as   forfeiture.   Title, cannot  be;Obtained in
less than75 years, and improvements of ...
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleat-   .
ed'andcultivated,  and residence of at
-least 2 years are required. ���'7
Pre-emptors holding Crown"Graint
may'record"another pre-emption,,if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without,actual occupation, pro- -
vided statutory improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land. . -
Unsuryeyed areas not exceeding 20
acres, maybe leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
For grazing and industrial purposes "
areas  exceeding   640   acres -may   be'
leased by one person or company.
Mill, factory or industrial .sites on
timber land  not exceeding   40   acres'-
may-be purchased; conditions  include
payment of stum page. - ^
Natural hay meadows inaccessible
by existing roads may be purchased
conditional upon-construction of a road
to"them. Rebate of one-half of cost of -
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.
The scope of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces. The time -
iri which the heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this, act is extended from one
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion of the present war.' This privilege is made retroactive..
No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded ..after June. 26, ,1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.'   -
Provisions for return of moneys ac- ���
crued, due and.been paid since August
4,1914, on account of payments, fees or
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions. .
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or. city lots held by -members, of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired -;
direct or indirect, remitted from en-r
listment to March 31st, 1920. 	
Provision   made"   for   insurance    of
Crown  Grants   to  sub-purchasers  of
Crown Elands,-acquiring rights from
purchasers' who failed to complete' pur-   -
chase, involving forfeiture, .on fulfill-!.
ment of conditions of purchase, interest ,
and taxes." "Where sub-purchasers_dq   '
noTcla'im wholel>flfHginalp"arcel",~purr ���'
chase'price due and.taxes may-bedis-
tributed .proportionately    over, -whole7.
area. 'Applications must be made by   -
May 1,""1920. -- ���
���/'-. .-.-GRAZING'..       ���-"..-'-.._.
Grazing, Act,-1919, for systematic de-;
velopment7of livestock   industry';"pro--:
yides for grazing districts-and range.;*'
administration .under . Commissioner. 7
Annual ^grazing, permits issued based -
on numbers" ranged; priorityforestab-
l.ished owners. Stock owners may form
Associations for  range _managemcnt" .
Freei   or. partially   free, ^permits ; for.,
settlers, campers, or travellers up to ten.
head.        "   "X. ���[    ' ���������    ' -'���'������ ���   ���' i
-. >..
The Mineral Province of Western Canada
7;  Has "prod need..Minerals valned as. followed Pla^
:7 . 7 .7. Gold;,S109,647,G61;.Siiver,.8
7.;   ..       Zinc,  .8^V?25;853;';-M3^1tan^ and iCoke,-8238,-..
.,289,1560;, Bailding Stone, Bricfc, Qement,��tc;, $36,605,942/ making" ife�� Mineral    -V '
[': 'y'y\     Prodqefeipni to the~end7of,1922 Bhow   -V. 'yy, -; xV   "-'Xx'.-)''x'X: "'- "'x ���-'.. -X"'"   V' .yyxr
' -)x :yM:Ami^
Prodpctiqii jotM Yekf JEMing liecember, 1922^35 -158,Ui3
V The   Mining   LaW oi this Province are7-nioriB/liberal-,-and;.feh'e;.feM lowfer,"- -''"������-.
Shan those of auj other Province in the Dominion, or iny Colonx in the British
--     ���     '  ���'Empire.   -��.���'-'-        -, ���' V. -:���'���'     ..'' "" "7    -������.���'.       -7 . .'   " : "-.'   . 7. 7'���-
���; Miherailocationgr are panted to diso3verei�� for nommalf^i. .
",.   Absolute. Titles are -'obtained   by, developing -.atich';.^^pjpperfejw/the seearity
of which is guaranteed by Oowis GraatsV     ,. ". "  . . .  :   v  '
5'h11 informafeipn, together with Mining Eeporta and Maps, raay be obtained        '
grates hy addressingW   . '
the mn.-im mmster of mines
VICTOHIA, Briffsli ���olsmbia. "


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