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The Ledge Apr 19, 1923

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Array ���a
v x^'iyu
till   ���  ���'.'���'���"
Vol.v XXIX.
- We carry a large line, ot
Hardware, House Furnishings, Etc.
Inspect our stock
B For Spring Cleaning you will need |j
O'Cedar Mops, O'Cedar Oil,> Liquid Veneer,
Brooms. Scrubbing Brushes. Stove Brushes.
Sink Brushes, Mop Sticks, Self Wringing Mops,
Liquid and Dry Ammonia, &c. &c.
For the best go to
Phone 46
^aiiiTaiiaaua iaaiiiuuaiaiiuiuiuamuuuiiuiuia&uiuss:
No More
Chapped Hands or Rough Skin
This can be accomplished by using the right kind of Soap
Vinola Round Bath and Vinola Winsome
are the two most suitable for the hard waters of this district
Try Them
-   Real Estate   (Licensed)
Insurance,' Fire, Life, Accident.
Sickness; &c.
Stoves   and   heated   pipes   cause
many fires
A sniall premium will protect your
house and furniture
Call at my OfEce Copper Street
You are cordially invited to inspect
our Spring Millinery, which includes the newest "ideas in ladies'
Hats, Novelties, etc.
Mrs,Ellen Trounson
Next door to Pacific Hotel
The WINDSOR  HOTEL   is  heated  with   itewn
and electricity.     Fine sample rooms.     A comiort-
ahle home for, tourists  and traveller!.     Touch the  .
wire   if you   wane  rooms reserved.   . The buffet ia .
replete  with  cigars,   cigarettes, cooling leverages,
buttermilklind ice-cream.
Ladies and Childrens Hose
Prints, Cottons, Flannels, Flannelette Blankets,
Sheeting, Towels, Toweling, Etc.
Overalls, Mens Shirts, Work Socks, Etc.
Just in and of Fine Quality
PHONE 17.-                           GREENWOOD
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge
Rev. W. r. Walkinshaw. B. A.
Services Sunday, April 22 nd
Beaverdell. 11 a.m.
Greenwood, 7.30 p.m.
Around Home
Robins are plentiful  and
this week.
Local gardeners have their hot
beds going.
Cash paid for hides at Brown's
Sparrows are nesting. The
early spring is their best breeding time"".   .
For the next "two weeks, house
cleaning will be the principal industry. '
A congregational meeting will
be held iu the .Presbyterian
Church.on Wednesday evening at
8 o'clock.
Mrs, Stapletou returned to
Midway on Saturday after a few
days visit with Mrs. W. H Docksteader.
Greenwood Theatre
Gray & Clerf. Props.
Commencing at 8.15 p.m.
The American Beauty   at her sweetest
Katherine MacDonald
"Her Social Value"
HereVDrania that's human���that holds
up for you to,see the lot aud the little of
the girl who has no Social Value
6 reels 6
 One reel Chester Outing	
"People in White"
- Also one leel Christie Comedy    -
"You Couldn't Blame Her"
ADULTS 50c-     ���     CHILDREN 25c.
Tenders Wanted
To cut 300 or 400 ricks of short
wood. Good timber and good
cabin. ,    Apply at once to
H. McKee,   '
' '   V Greenwood,
We carry only" the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A trial will convince you
Long Distance Telephone Seryice A Real
Asset To jTie Exacting Business Man
There are few advantages in scodern business to be compared in actual
value with the service your own office telephone is prepared at any moment
of the day or night to supply you with.
At a minimum outlay in minutes you can get in direct teach with your
desired party possibly hundreds of miles away where postal ot other delay
would be a decided drawback.   Correspondence cannot compete  with the
peed of telephone service; besides which consider carefully the undoubted
advantages of personal talk.
���   Notice
Dr. O. M. Graves,' "Dentist, will
b3 in Perry, "V^asb., the first 8
days of every month.
Funeral of the Late Mrs. J.
The funeral of the late Mrs.
John Holmes took place in Trail
on Friday 13th inst., at 3 p.m.
Christian Science services were
held in the'undertaking parlors,'
Mr. Thos. ,Coanors of Nelson,
officiating1. The' pall-bearers were
Chris. Eaton, W. G, Pond, O.
Carlson, W. Craig, J. Bright and
A. Harvey. '
' The floral tributes were received
from-Herbert and Jack Holmes,
Mr. and Mrs. Pond, Mr.' and Mr?.
A, McDermott, Mr. aad Mrs. W.
G. Murray, Mrs. James White,
Oilers at the Smelter, Mr. and
MrsVD. .McLeod, Mrs. Inghram,
Christian Science Society, Smith
families. Gateway Lodge No. 45,
Greenwood Ladies Aid, aad
Greenwood friends.
Miss C. A, Stewart who has
been the guest of Mrs. W. H.
Docksteader, returned to Vancouver on Saturday.
Herbert Holmes returned to
Beaverdell on Saturday after attending the funeral of the-late
Mrs. John Holmes at Trail.
Mr. and Mrs. G. W. A. Smith
and Miss Georgina Lee attended
the funeral of the late Mrs. John
Holmes in Trail last Frid ay.
Dress goods are exceptionally
beautiful this season, and our
women folk may7be becomingly
dressed ajl the year.through.
P. E. Crane left'this morning
for Snohomish, Wash., haying
baen called there on account of
the serious illness of his mother,
Miss Mary Campolieto returned
ta   Nelson   on   Saturday    after
spending a few   days ivith her'
parents Mr.- and Mrs. P. Campolieto.
"John Holmes, of Trail, spent a
few days in Greenwood leaving
on Wednesday on a short visit to
Grand Forks before returning to
The Court of Revision under
the Provincial Elections Act for
the year 1923, has been postponed
from the third Monday in May
to the third Monday in June,
The Banff Orchestra will be at
Riverside Hall on Tuesday, May
1st. This is their third annual
tour and they have won their to
the hearts of those who are fond
of tipping the light fantastic. A
good crowd should be present ��� -
Mrs. G. Pond with her three
children; Julia, Gordon and San-
ford, of Trail, left for Portland,
Ore., last Friday. Mr. Pond and
daughter Ethel expect to join
them, May 1st. Ralph -will remain in Trail till the Fall. They
will make their home in Portland.
On Sunday evening* last sneak
thieves entered the Co-Operative
store at Rock Creek and took $20
in cash, two shirts anjj some
groceries. The police are iaves.
tigating and it is suspected that
stranger who was seen in the
neighborhood on Sunday and has
not been heard of since is the
guilty party.
The fire alarm system will be
tested every Monday morning at
9 o'clock. All the glasses in the
alarm boxes were recently renewed and have since been broken. It
is to be regretted that the miscreants-doing this damage cannot
be caught in the act, and parents
would be well advised to warn
their^children of the danger attendant upon interference with
the alarm boxes.   .
The Calgary five piece Jazz
orchestra, gave a dance in the
Masonic Hall last Thursday night
at which there was a good crowd
considering the short time they
had for advertising. The music
was ��� out of the ordinary, and
greatly enjoyed. The singing,
duets, and step dancing were
novelties. It is expected that the
Calgary orchestra will give a re-
i turn call in about two monYas.
Tennis Club Re-Organized
At a meeting of the Greenwood
Tennis "Club on Friday April 13fch
at the Court Honee, the following
officers were elected for the "coming
President       -       - Jas Muir
Vice-Pres. " - -   P. H. McCurrach
Sec. Treae. - J. N. Butler
Chairman executive, G. S. Walters
Executive Committee, Jas. Muir,
W. Walmsley, P.   H.   McCurrach,
J. McD. Reid, E. H. Corpe, E. G.
Randall, J. N. Butler.
Fees were fixed at gents 85. $2
down balance when called for.
Single ladies $2.
Non-members will not be allowed
the use of the courts.
It is to be arranged that High
School pupils will be allowed the
use of the courts 'on special days,
which will be set later.
Tennis" balls can be purchased
from the secretary. .
- All prospective members kindly
give their names and subscriptions
to the sec-treas. as soon as possible.
Opening day was set for Saturday, May 5th.
Midway News
N. McKinnon arrived here on
Tuesday 17th and is the guest of
Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Kerr.
Mrs. H. Pannell accompanied
by Mrs. E. Hawkes drove to
Greenwood last week and visited
their numerous friendsV
Irene Johnstone, youngest
daughter of Joe Johnstone, who*
has been lying seriously ill for
some time has been removed to
Grand Forks hospital, Hope is
being entertained for her recovery.
Last week two empty houses
were completely destroyed by fire
here. The fire took place adjacent to the government house
,(W. B. Stewart's) and it too
would haveVprobably been lost
had it not been for the prompt
action of the townsmen in guarding it.- The origin of the fire is
thought to have'beeu from small
children playing with matches
and making bonfires ih the old
"Save the Forests" Week
.   April 22 to -April 28
Victoria, April 18.���"Save the
Forests" week will- be observed
throughout Canada from April 22
to April 28, and following the
recommendation of Hon. T. D.
Pattullo, provincial minister of
lands, Ottawa has given instructions .for the carrying out of an
active campaign of protection during that time. Already the British
Columbia forests branch has sant
out a mass of literature and a determined effort is to be made to cut
down the loss from forest fires to a
minimum thiB year. Last year's
losses were staggering, states the
minister of lands, and only by the
co-operation'of, every citizen can
the-forest wealth be conserved.
Norwegian Creek ,
An ecjoyable evening was spent
at the Watson home. Norwegian
Creek, on Saturday April 14th.
About fifty guests assembled in
the early part of of the evening,
and "kept the pace" until early-
morning. Although many guests
had been merrymaker's the previous evening, their "pep" seemed
to be in no way dimished. Many
thanks are due H. Borders and P.
Hammersteiu for furnishing, such
excellent music which was fully
appreciated by one and all. Excellent refreshments were served
by the ladies of the district and
as the guests departed in the daylight one and all declared that,
notwithstanding'injured toes,
they had marked another red
letter day in their lives.
Kettle Valley Notes
A. W. Lift   left   on Saturday
for Trail.
George Whiting left for Trail
last Thursday.
Miss C. Stirling was the guest
of Mrs, H. Martin this week.
Glossop enter-
of friends last
Reports everywhere from the
prairie provinces indicate., that
Premier Oliver has met with surprising support in the provincial
fight for equal freight rates. Last
week he spoke at Calgary, Saskatoon, Swift Current, Medicine Hat
and Lethbridge and waa assured of
the unanimous support of the
prairie people. His prediction that
British Columbia ports will be the
most important in Canada in ten
years and his clear explanation of
the freight rates situation have
stirred the business men and farmers of Alberta and Saskatchewan
to the point where the three western" provinces.ifre~!fdw^utting~up a
solid front in the fight for fairer
-A matter of keen interest to the
eoL'-mining fraternity ib the announcement of Hon. William
Sloan, minister of mines, that an
investigation will be made of the
new life-saving device for coal-
miners. This is a small affair
weighing abont a pound and somewhat resembles the gas-masks worn
by soldiers during the was. It
provides safety for seventy minutes
after an explosion, provided> there
is sufficient oxygen in the air to
sustain life, and if found capable
of doing what is claimed for it,
soould be the means of saving
many lives.
Another vigorous blow -has been
dealt the bootlegger in British
Columbia by "Attorney-General
A. M. Manson. -After persiste.nt
efforts he has succeeded in having
Ottawa pass regulations preventing whisky-runners clearing for
deep sea with liquor cargoes
aboard. MoBt of the rum-running
of.the past few years has arisen
out of the practice of illicit traffickers taking on their cargoes in Vancouver, Prince Rnperfc, Victoria,
and New Westminster and clearing for Mexico, while they had no
intention of going farther than
some American city. Now only
fishing vessels will be permitted to
carry liquor and only sufficient for
medicinal purposes will be allowed.
American prohibition authorities
have written expressing their appreciation of the step.
Card of Thanks
We desire to express our heartfelt thanks to our many friends for
the kindness and sympathy extended to us, and also for the.
beautiful floral tributes during onr
recent bereavement.
MRS. a. W. A. SMITH,
The Sunflower Minstrels, of
Greenwood,* will repeat their
Concert at Riverside Hall, Rock
Creek, on May 24th.
Mrs. W. H. N.
tained a number
The W. A. held their meeting
this week at the home of Mrs. J.
O. Thompson.
H'. Whiting and daughter Winnifred, were visitors to Greenwood last Monday.
Commander Lewis left on Tuesday morning for a two weeks
tour in the Okanagan.
Major K. R. Davies left last
Thursday for Vancouver and returned on Wednesday of this
Capt. S. Brew and family, of
Grand Forks, have rented Mrs.
W. J. Anderson's house here for
a year.
R. Roberts has just arrived
from England and is the guest of
his two brothers Arthur and
Frank Roberts.      '     '
It takes the movements of 63
muscles to raise z frown. It
takes 13 to make a smile so "why
work overtime? -
Thos. R.' Hanson came in from".
Penticton on Saturday   and has
taken over the management of
the Rock Creek Hotel:
Grass hockey was well attended last week and a real good
game was played. We hoye to
see a match for the 24th May.
There will be service m the
Anglican Church on Sunday
April 22 at 11 a.tn, There is also
Sunday school for the /children
every Sunday morning at a quarter to ten, Mrs. R. E. Norris in
charge. ��
Boy Scouts
Troop meets on Friday,.April
20th at 7 p.m.  in the Fire Hall.
The Cubs will meet on Saturday, April 21st at 2-30 p. m. in
the Fire Hall.
The Ledge can supply your
every need in tke printing line
and at prices consistent -with
Owing to 111. Health it is necessary for me to close up my
Business and live for a while at a lower altitude
. Commencing on
I will have a1
of"    "    ,       ��� ;
Watches,   Jewelry, Spectacles, &c.
At Greatly Reduced Prices
If you want to buy a Waltham Watch at a  Low'
Price, bring your Mail Order Price List along with you
Sale Closes on Monday, April 23rd ���...,-,...���;777T;jJAlBSaMS<��g-^
THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD,     B.     C.
Aerial Base
At Wrangel
Stefansson     Anxious     for     Canadian
Government to Take Possession
Of Island
Vilhjalmur-Stefanssoon, the Arctic
explorer, laid before the Cabinet his
plans in regard to making Wrangel Island a base for aerial operations, and
when he goes'lo England next monih
to interest the British Government, it
is believed he will have the endorsa-
tion of the Government, here. A strong
point urged in support of the plan is
lhat. the island i.s on the ISOth Meri;
dian, which goes through Great Britain, and that, in any future air route
to the Far East, it would be indirect
line as a northern base.
Wrangel Island is about -100 -miles
northwest of Alaska. It was discovered in 1S49 by Capt. Kellat of the
British navy. An American party
visited it in 1SS1, but there was no
further occupation of it till Stefan-
sson's party spent seven months there
in 1914.
The explorer is very anxious that
Canada take possession of it by establishing there a post similar to Elles-
mere Island, or, it it does not do so,
that Great Britain should. As the
Mother Country is particularly interested in the development of direct air
routes, Stefansson will go there next
month to urge that it be used as a
base for that purpose and that active
possession be taken. He is very
anxious that Canada, primarily, or
Great Britain, or failing her, then the
United States, should establish an air
base there, rather than that it shoulnr
fall into the hands of Bussia, to which
it is most adjacent.
The explorer got a sympathetic
hearing, aud it is understood that in
his overtures to the British. Government, he will be backed up by the
Government here, which may establish
a post on the island.
New  Variety  of  Morning  Glory
Plant   Discovered  in  China .Found ,to
-Be Edible "...--'
Hithor-to.it has been .the, parly risers
, who. have ��� most enjoyed-."the-morning
glory,7for...they.alone' have seen it in;
���.the.'fiill.freshness"'of;its''beaut}:. ��� "Re-
;ccn(ly, however,' a .new- .variety", lias
-Ibeen discovered in "China, and iihporl-
jeft'.io America.'- 'These species - even
the tardiest -.lie-abeds" may- enjoy���after, another .fashion. "  The    plant-,is
.edible.    "Its leaves and'hollow 'stem
form -a.-succulent, spinach-like   food.
The edible morning .glory is n'otalto"-
giether "new  to'-this   country - for  the;
���common.sweet potato- is;a cultivated
member of .the morning "glory family
.and .wasVa. staple1 foodamong' theln-
;,diacs of ihercgiori. where it flourished.
New Materia! -For  Shoes
Shark Skin Said to-Wear BetteKThan
��� - 7- ���      .777' Leather  '        ;..��� '
-.'--Parents whose brood'ofVypung'people go..through -their- shoe leather ;at
art '. alarming rate.-arc: to' -receive as"-;
-;sistance;froni -the shark.-. - Tlie. "ligor;
of the. sea'-' yields "his skin though in-,
���voluntarily, for the iinaking ;of.ii' num--
;ber-: of.-articles, among them' shb.es.'. At
.a tannery iir.Ne'wa'rk/N.J., about two
hundred  prepared shark'.'skins --a-da.;
are being turned" out-. - .The promoter
is --Dr. - Alfrejd' Ehrenreich, presidental
and . founder   of.-���' tlib'VOcean "-Leather
Company.   - In an .experiment made a
.shark leather boot .was found to be in
good" condition, and .a-calf leather-.boot,
-in "poor condition, after I'G9.days' liard
wear:.  . ���'     '  ' '��� "���;.'   7:-���.-'���"' , '��� "'   ���-.
Important Results From Misprint
Printer's Error Helped Make Queen
Victoria Empress of India
Lieut.-Col. Cecil E. Morgan, of St.
Catharines, (Tint., a veteran of many
wars and a raconteour of the first
water tells a story which is decidedly
Col. -Morgan, who. is an ex-member
of tlie old Northwest Mounted Police,
relates that in the days of his adoies-
cency there resided close by a family
named Craven, whose daughter, Lilly
by name, literally had greatness
thrust upon her. Her father was a
staunch Conservative and a great admirer of the prime minister (Benjamin Disraeli), who was meeting with
no small amount of opposition in his
endeavors to create Queen Victoria
Empress of India.
The great argument of the opposition opposing the assumption of the
title was that there was no precedent
for it, and one day during a discussion
at Mr. Craven's table Lilly remarked:
"Why, 1 thought the Queen was Empress of India; it says so in my geography."
The geography was at once produced, and, sure enough, through some
misprint or error, it was definitely
slated that Her Majesty was Empress
of India. Mr. Craven sent if to Disraeli, who triumphantly produced it in
the House. "Why, even the children
know the Queen is Empress," he said.
He carried his point, the Queen became Empress, and Lilly got her book
back with a letter of thanks on thc
flyleaf from the delighter premier.
Manitoba's' Forest Fires
A Tribute to Britain
It's foolish to fuffer from constipation,
sick headache,  biliousness, dizziness,
indigestion, and kindred ailments ���
when   Carter's
Little    Liver
Pills will end       ,
all misery in^��j
a few houra.
Purely  vegetable.   Act
gently on liver and bowels.
Small Pill���Small Dose���Small Pries
The  Loneliest  Postman
Criticized Duke of York
Manner of Riding Was Not According
to Rustic's Idea
Lots of stories are being told just
now about the Duke of York, some of
whicli are true, while others are-
well, mythical.
The following happens to bc a true
one. In fact, although it is against
himself, H.R.H. has more than 0'>eo
relatedit to his friends.
While in training at the Royal Naval
College, situated at Osborne, in the
Isle of Wight, Prince Albert, as he
was then called, was overtaken by a
dense fog while out riding alone, and
completely lost his bearings.
After riding about for quite a while,
looking in vain for some familiar landmark, he at length espied a rustic sitting upon a gate.
Turning his horse's head towards
���him, he said: "My good man, is this
the way to Ryde?"
The rustic surveyed ���him critically
Tor some moments, and then said:
"No, it isn't, young" fellow-mc-kid.
Thee turns thee toes out too much."
Immensity of Last Grain Crop
-21_7;6857 Grain ..Cars Inspected .in."Six
V.--.7.Months'"Period '���'-"���'--'.;- .-,"
. The immensity of '.the' :1022. grain
crop;' and "'.the- .splendid-work' done by
tlie Canadian railways .in moving it,
is' -m'tfde" evident-by ."figures just published,'showing ;lhat the .total number
of-'grain .cars -inspected .during' lhe;s"i\-
months.ended February, was 217,GS">,
an increase of 50,-HS, or 30'per-cent,
over 'that for the-, same "...period- last
year.- ���.--. The' .Canadian Pacific .Railway
hand led.by far'.the greater part of this,
namely;'. 11 S',2-13 -cars,- beingVan increase, of-nearly "35,500' cars over that,
for-the, same..'period��� oil. the preceding
���year..'���'���".'���-"���';'.".. .7-   .   ='��� ~X 'X--.'.'���:- --'���'
- -. " " Irish "Freedom" Cost'.-. "',- " ._
'_��� l.tvis costing.'ab'out.-four times'; as
.much; to r'uiv,-llie/.GpV-e'rhhient ��� of Trc-
' land under lldme.-Ru.c'as it -did under-
Uritjsh' rule:- .-.President. Cosgr'av.-of
ilie Free Stale.is asking for. $200,000,-
000 this year, and the, taxpayers,- ic ir.'
said, ap. beginning-"to' get: a' Lit
anxious. Freedom comes'high, and.
������"there,are sonur brands of it tliat don't
seem- to .he worth the price.���.St.
.Catharines Standard. -   -    ���
. '-:..-���; RuraHWliite Ways5;, VV
Country- -Roads.-in ;.- Quebec . to :-.be-
������ ��� 7 i">,--V.���.Illuminated.--'"���"".-l1 :;"V -7"
: -Two great highways' in the .'province
of ~Queb'e"c7"wlfer~e^
network'of. excellent roads, are to be'
brilliantly lighted. .What,were the old
tiine'country roads .are to. be turned
into somewhat '.modified'" great white
ways. 7. These roads���from ".Montreal
to. Quebec, and from Montreal, to the
XJniled States boundary.^-b'ear"an;en-'
ormous'bur'den. of traffic,-.but "ufitil.vc"-.
-cently they, were just rural highways
winding 'through7-'picturesque 7 and
sleepy "villages'! . -Now the clean, sweep
of - permanent way will.be. tlotted7with:
flights.'". It. is- believed ..-that "lighted
roads wiir'a'dd to tlieVurbariizaiion.-of
country life! 7 "x ,.[-'-���'        ��� ".'.','���:" V'V
Walks Five  Miles to Serve Only Two
ln ihe remote and windswept
Hebridean Island of South L'ist lives
a postman whose round is the most
lonely, perhaps, of any in the British
"It is a "round" in name only. In
reality it is a weary walk of five miles
across an entirely uninhabited district.. Ho starts from a desolate sea
loch, Loch Skipport by name, and
reaches his journeys end at the lighthouse upon Usinish Point.
Besides the lighthouse keeper.;,
there is bnt a single family���that of a
shepherd���on his beat, and with them
he is the one linksto civilization.
This island postman knows little
English���his native language is Gaelic,
and he must ponder long before he-
fore he can reply to a question put to
him in lhe language of the south.
Three days a week, winter as in
summer, he leaves Loch Skipport and,
after a cup of tea at Usinish, sets out
on his dreary homeward walk.
It was on a summer's day that I
walked back a'loug his track, and
even then it was hard to find. Across
innumerable streams, across Inossy
swamps, up precipitous rocks, the
way led. At times so high above the
sea climbed the uncertain track one
entered' the clouds, wet, clammy and
hiding till view more than a few yards
distant. I should have gone more
than once astray had not the shepherd's son accompanied me as a guide.
This walk gave me somc insight as
to what.-this postman's round must be
in the heart of winter. At that season his outward journey would be
hard enough, with each stream swollen by the rains and melting snows,
a raging torrent, and with mist down
to the track. _   ���
But. what must this homeward walk
be like?. H. is often dusk-before his
letters are delivered and then in the
raging storm'and with perhaps, blinding squall's'of sleet and sno,\v7in: hin
face 'he; sets-out'on his five .mile struggle -wiili tiie elements;:...: 7.7.. ".'."���'���",
-, Ko;signs.marks the.-track;, no;lielp
can .possibly'be' at -hand -if -in- -"the'
;darkiu>ss lie-misses -his -7 way, ', The"
track- , passes ' by many dark lochs;-
one false, step here might have disastrous results... ��� ���'-" -" , ���-[-j.-. "''
/.There are days".when the. wind blows
so .fiercely it-id1,almost impossible, to
stand, yet. never once'has this island
postman- failed - -iii -his-task.���-Seton1
Gordon in JDaily Mail.-.' '"      ; . -     X
.---..-'. :-' ���.���.-7 7,'.-."Security.';, : ; _-._���.. ' '''[;
'-' ��� CustbriicrT���I -vyant'.a perfectly ��� shTo
long 1e!m-.''inv,eslinent.;"tiia't I..-can.forget all about. -.;,- '7 ��������� V ---,;'7- .- .., .
- Broker.���-I sec���you t-wani ar wife.*--'
New York rHentld.'. ,-"'" 7 ."'   '" .: '* ���������'
Value  of Airplanes
Trend jn.'Aviatip'n.Tpward Commercial
'--.Utilization of-Planes';
' .Canadian -air pilotsVfiew^ 2SI7I40"
miles, carried -9,153, "passengers- and
handled.'.77,SpO pounds of freigbt'-dur.
ini_7U.ov.ve'ar 1052, i'accordingr-tb.a-report./prepared by ."tlie.. Canadian:;" "Air
Board."' Saskatchewan' 7;ivi;Uor.v .led
the Dominion- in passenger -work",
carrying -' 3,G22~ Vpcople. - ;Man!tbba
i.>iibts. were next, carrying. J.G22 pas'--
senge'rs. V .British;Columbia: was third,
taking care of 1,-122 passengers. .7.
7 ."Tlie": trend in aviation,!''7sa:.-w the
report,'-'���fs\to\v.ard commercial utilization "or planes", evidenced by ihe .great
increase,; in' the 'amount of ..freight
handled hjvairplancs during tlie year."
-" Utilization of airplanes-in- combating Torest fires" in' British.-Columbia
and Quebec formed an important part
of-.the Canadian air service, the report
says.,"; The Dominion has twenty sea;
phines and five -land 'machines-protec't-
iiig-its vast-'forest resources.' '"-Timber
slarills" valued - 7at- ..millions -of dollar's
we're saved-during llie- year .through
-tlie���icHicicnc.y 'pl"��tlic;airplane contro!
.service, in. reporting ,-��� outbreaks and
rushing fircVfighters.'a'nd equipment to
I the,scene of. conflagrations.   .   _':....
Dried Grass Creates a Considerable
Firs Hazard
In view of the approaching forest.
lire season, tiie District Inspector of
Forest Reserves points out that the
periods of greatest fire danger in
Manitoba vary in different parts. In
the south "and southwest, during the
period from the disappearance of the
snow until the June rains, tlie dried-
up grass creates a considerable fire
hazard, as it does also alter the autumn. In the north of the province,
on the other hand, moss takes the
place of the grass as ground cover.
This moss does not dry out until about
July and August, and this is the period
when most of the fires start.
A terrible experience had Edw. J.
O'Connor, of Sault Ste. Marie. From
boyhood he writes: "I have been a
constant sufferer from Asthma and
Catarrh. My nose and throat was
often stopped up, and I had disagreeable droppings from my throat. AVhen
an attack of coughing came, on, it
seemed as if. I would barely live
through it. I would gasp for breath.
Catarrhozone made me well. It's
soothing healing action was exactly
suited to my case." To those who
suffer from Catarrh, Asthma, Throat
Irritation and' Bronchitis, Catarrhozone is highly recommended. Two
months treatment, one dollar, smaller
sizes 25c & HOC, at all dealers or The
Catarrhozone Co., Montreal. -
Best Food For Babies
What Do You Put In .Your Baby's
1C you cannot nurse your baby,
choose a food that will be as nutritious and as easily digested as your
own milk. Give your baby Borden's
Eagle Brand Milk, the best food for
babies���used during the past sixty-two
years by hundreds of thousands of-
mothers. '       V*
In this paper from time to time you
will find an advertisement of Borden's
Eagle Brand Milk, a food that has
raised more healthy babies than all
the prepared infant foods combined.
Cut out the advertisement and mail it
to The Borden Company Limited,
Mon-real, and they will send you, free
of charge, what you want, either instructions in your own language for
feeding your baby, or a baby book, or
a recipe book telling ypu how to make
tasty dishes with Eagle Brand. Ask
for by name what you would like to
have. -     8
What the West Needs
Better Assistance Required to Ensure
- Satisfactory "Conditions
' It'-can no longer bo legrirded as a
secret-th^f conditions in the west are
so! unsatisfactory as to cause natural-
born optimists lo. lalkout of the other
side, of -their, mouths. V Out west people, wquld'much prefer ,to .'whistle p.n'd'
be-.cheerful:;at ;iheif "work, and would
gladly, become optimists if any sort, "of
inducement"were! given then!.-. But
thousands ''"of . homesteaders are up
against,'- Vdifllculties ,Vthat7.- can't- bo
whistled, away. ' '   .- ���;.-._   ;   ' '.'��� '- .-
Never in "its ..history did tlie west
stand in.greater need; of. a-bumper
harvest--than this: year.-and'.not. that
alone; ; but every contributory " aid
that finance,-"���.transportation;and .governmental leadership, can give "it-in
1923.���Toronto Star:-  -   .. \- "   7'77
Same Old Story Vv
���VVi Fronr Nova Scotia
.      -FAILED     X X' .      ���
Notable Chinese Urges Country to
Copy British Example
Great Britain receives so many
knocks on account of her activities in
various parts ot the world that it is
worth noting when she receives' a
boost. Sun Yat-Scn, one of the notable men of China, recently gave her
a boost which should not be overlooked. Speaking to the students at.the
university at Hong Kong he pointed
to the wonderful achievements of the
past eighty years in the government
of the city, and appealed to his hearers to copy the British example of
good government throughout China,
declaring lhat there was nothing in
China comparable to it, despite
China's 4,000 years old civilization.���
Chatham News.
St. Anne de Beaupre
Plans for Handsome New Church
Have Been Completed
The plans for the constrduction ot
the new Basilica of St. Anne de Beaupre have been completed and provide
for a church which will probably be
the most spacious and finest from an
architectural point of view, in Canada.
In architectural style the new Basilica
will be a combination of Roman and
Gothic, and the steeples in front will
tower 225 feet high.. The Basilica
will contain 2G altars in all, including
those of tho chapels.
Mrs. James Burleigh, 24S King St.
E.,' Chatham, Ont., writes:���"! thinR
it my.duty to let you know what Milburn's Heart and Nerve Pills havs
done for me.     7
I suffered for years with palpitation of the heart, my nerves were very
bad, and I could not be left alone at
any time. I doctored for over'a year,
and the doctor said my heart was very
bad as it skipped every third beat.
I gave up, just at this time, and
then my mother advised me to try
Milburn's Heart and Nerve Pills, saying my eldest -brother had been relieved by using them when he was
very,bad with'his heart and nerves.
1 got" a box and started to take them,
and when I had used it I felt a lot
better; could steep a little and felt
stronger. I continued taking them
for about three months, and felt better than 1 had for years.
When I think of tho misery and
suffering I went - through before I
started Milburn's Heart and Nerve
Pills, ITeel like letting everyone know
what they did for me."
Price 50c a box at all. dealers or;
mailed direct on .receipt of price by
The T. Milburn Co., Limited, Toronto,
Women Postmasters
. Any-'man.an"<i; wifeVcan get..along 10-
! gether unless both iinppen",to"fec_l iiJ.c;
[ pouting at. the same UmeV. .'���   y  ">
gr. pisease
' xim^MA. McNeill, G&.
riaain :Staif K.B., writes:
"I was troubled for years
with: terrible backache, resulting
frdiiirikidney disease. At times in .
eachVtnontii: I remained in bed,
the"pMit w��is more than I could
standi and to walk was almost
ijnpqssible. "1 used about $50:00
wo'-dhyoiXhlht" medicines, but
With, little ;resu!t3. Now I am
completely better, after . using
oiilyV five boxes of Dr. Chase's;.
Kidney-iJyer Pills../- .' 7�� "'' ���_-��� ''���'
ntllW-Sosei '2$cttL--:m *'03cv X'iM--^i'eife,'-mx%&nmmfa:;.B&t^X,
'.'7-V  ���.:&-!^,.:l4*7,ftE)?^to^
- ' >:-. .Shortage of .Wool". _ \;' V
.'Only two.years a'giVlt was. said tjiat
the'supply-of woop was so'"great that
not ..another- sheep, need, be 7; sheared'
for "iwd yearn,' but' now there,'is-'.'a
growing sh'oi7tage'.'of- wool' ". just, as
;there" is of:.cotton. One explanation
ofithe increased demand"for. wool, is
! ihat-V- the ^Asiatic". -. peoples now want
Woolen "garm'en'ts'rather than .the gai.-..
ments of coarse ' cotton -"with."..which
they were once satisfied. *      -' .
.Mrs... Mary    McLean'Suffered', from
:Rheumatism   arid; ..Kidney.-.-Trouble
aiid was Relieved -by Dodd's Kidnsy
"Pills.      .:      -- .;   -���" . ���   --.   7     V  -
-   The.Point, West'Bay; Richmond "Co.',
.N7-.S..���(S'pecia!}.--"I-^- suffered"    froni
Rheumatism' and;Kidney, trouble, and
after spending a considerable amount-
of money, on other iriedicihes, I- -tried
Dodd's Kidney Pills; - They,have, done
mc more good than, any.other'medicine
I. have ever taken/'.- ., -:.       _.
... Mrs.. Mary,-;M.cLean,. who lives"here,
makes.this statement. . "She says that
JJodd's. Kidney Pills are', all." that ihey-
..are claimed to be". ;V .'"''_    .
..  Dodd's Kidney Pills are no cxperi-.
m'ent.'^"They'have-been relieving Kid-,
'ney.drseasc: in all parts of Canada'for
' over'a'huart'cr.of.a century. -       "
j  .'.Dodd's- Kidney'Pills act" directly .on
;.the Kidney's,,strehglheni'ng   them-   so-
I that they do" their full work of-strain-'
ling "all "the impurities-out of the blood.
j-Uric acid cr-ystalUzing'.jn' tlie muscle's
j,causes/the.--pains known- as   rheuma-."
; tism.7With-no Uric Acid;in the. blood
there can Le'no. rheumatism".    " . , ���: 7
j'-1-' Ask your, neighbors.if Dodd's-Kid-
.Pills do not "make sound-Kidneys. .. -'
.-.._. ';'F"rance's''Damag"s Heavy "  7 7'
..The, war' damajge -in the" devastated.
region of-'France are" fixed'at' S5.750,.-'
000,000 "francs >:in  the .x-evised.. figure,
annois'rie'e'd by the'-. Minister .of 'Liber;
ated .Regions in- 'answer.lo a parlia-'
liriehtaryV inquiry. V -France  has. paid
I her war victims-���11,225,000^00 francs,
lor -IS per,cent.'-of the.entire amount;
Jargely,in7'Gqvernmenl securities. ."���-,-:-
Activity In Building
Quebec. Leads all the Provinces in'
,7 . Building for. Month of March
- "Construction contracts calling for
building having an -estimated.value,of
?19,95-1,800 were .awarded .in; Canada"
duriiigMarch. ., Tlie contracts award-'
ed.call-for. construction,having an.es-
liiiia! outvalue" bf $G,4S9,306 in excess
of those, awai'dcd duringa.-corrbspondr
'ing periodVin.'-1922.";'V '��� ���--'��� ��� -.".-..'
������'_ Residential ;building accounted for
Thirty per'.cent..of-.the.' March' .total,'
amounting ".to ;?5,97-l,200;.- business,
S7.9- 'per ceiil., amounting lo:; $7,566,'-
300; industrial' building," amounting - to
:arid -public works' and utllities; to .12.9
per.cent.', amounting lo" $2,57.3,300,. V
V Quebec led airt.he."provinccs,-having
asloiaTof new- building at an estimated - valuation- of ��S,305,G00V ' Ontario
ranked second witiV $7,342,000V -Manitoba \\al thfr'd ^wifh $'3'7iG5,760.>- 7 .77 '
. V In-, the;".'number .of projects - under1
taken,- j;csidences .ranked first, num-
.bering. 1,1-lD,- calling -for :cbnstru"ctio,i
havingV an; estimated.' valuation ' of
?5,7S7,000; stores came second with.67
projects valued at ?l,"4f)5-,500, and. factories third willi-26 "projects-valued.at
?3,81C,006-7 " ;/ - X-   7       "���'':':'"���-   '���[''
Women's Big Share in the Canadian
Postal Service
Few people, realize the important
part played by women in the postal
service of Canada. While it is true
that at the average country postofllce
the bulk of the work is done by the
women members of. the family, it
comes as a surprise to learn that out
of tho 12,000 odd postmasters in Canada no fewer than 2,577 are women.
Nova Scotia heads.the list with* 37-L
postmistresses; Quebec is second with
31C; Ontario ..third withs 295, and the
other provinces follow in this order:
New Brunswick, 196; Saskatchewan,
IH; Alberta, 137; British Columbia,
122; Manitoba, S3; Prince Edward -Island, 23 and "yukon, 1. .When to
these are added the several thousand
girls employed at the various city
postolUces and in the administrative
service both at Ottawa and throughout the Dominion, it must be admitted
that the general idea that tUe -post-
olTice is a male monopoly is quite
It ,may be interesting to state the
allocation of postoflices to each prov-t
ince: Ontario, 2,577; Quebec, 2,293;
Nova Scotia, 1,879; ; Saskatchewan,
1,405;" Alberta, 1,180; New Brunswick,
1,136; British Columbia, S10; Manitoba, G91; Prince Edward Island, 124;
Yukon, IS; and the Northwest Territories, 7.       - ' Q
Another curious thing gleaned from
official records is that 32 postoflices in
Canada have clergymen as -postmasters. Quebec, 9; Saskatchewan, 5:
British.,.Columbia, 5; the Territories,
4; Ontario-and Alberta, 3 each; Nova
Scotia, 2, and New Brunswick,:!.
And one postoflice In Alberta lias
a Chiuariian as its postmaster!
Progressives and H.B. Railway0
The Progressives" at Ottawa are criticized for, demanding economy, yet
urging the building bf the' Hudson Bay
.railway. But their hands were forced in this railway matter by the giving of orders for the tearing, up of
rails on . parts of the road already
built. The west has not insisted unreasonably on the instant completion
of this work, but. is determined the enterprise shall not^ be abandoned.���
Toronto Star.
Gift From France
Statiie   Sent  to   the   Kingston   Royal
Military Academy
���A gift from the Government of
France, a beautiful statue, entitled
"Pax," in Bisque de Sevres, has been
received at the Royal Military Aca.;
demy at Kingston and will bgunveiled
shortly with appropriate ceremony.
This statue is a token of the re-'
cognition by the French Republic of
the outstanding record of the ..Canadian Military Colelge, over ninety
per cent, of its graduates having served in tlie late war,.45 attaining general oilice.v's rank.
'   Help  Armenians
Fifty Armenian Boys to be Located on.
Ontario Farms
The Armenian Relief Association of
Canada has purchased a farm of 133
acres-near Georgetown, Ontario, ana
will bring out to it in May the first ot
fifty Armenian boys, who will be
trained in farming and fruit growing.
Another party of fifty will be brought
out in September if friends of the Armenians supply the necessary funds.
All the boys are orphans whose parents were killed by the Turks.
The Language of Simplicity
The wise teacher Is he who tells the
pretentious and verbose essayist to go
home and write it out ln words of one-
syllable.    "He need  not  confine  his
gospel to the academics of youths. The
High Court of Parliament needs a fre*-"
querit reminder to draft its measures
in the language of the Commons of
England.���London Daily Herald.
A Radio Raider
V Organ-grinders in. a Blackhealh
street recently refused to believe their
eyes, when'a rival, drawn by a donkey,
appeared on. their pitch. They believed their ears a moment later, when
the' voice .of thc London broadcasting
station announced tlie first item.
:.- They- accepted the challenge, but
the -wireless orchestra easily drownsd
.their efforts,���London Express.-    .
Sounded Suspicious.:.
Mrs. Fox.���-Aren't you very late getting home tonight?
. Mr. Fox.���-I went to. the theatre,
dear, and saw a marine play. I have
been to see a good many plays, but
this is one you want to see to see
sea scenery.
Mrs. Fox.���William, what have you
been drinking?'
Man wants  but little ' here  below,
but he never gets quite enough.
liatlie the forehead with Minard's
and inhale freely.. "It ..gives .quick
relief for every ache.
.The world's- record for speed among
passenger-vessels is held by the Whit?
Star liner Olympic. On a recent passage" from New York' to Cherbourg she
maintained for several hours a' speed
of . 27.81- knots. . The best previous
performance was 27.5 knots, logged by
the Mauretania. .  -       . ���   ;
British    Colonial    Office reports on
Ashan.fi speal-c qf. a remarkable mass
' movement toward Christianity in. that
country during tiie past two years'.
-""    " ".-      '. ��� Remarkable ���'���.-"  7 ���
Mr.. RobertsV���Fire hundred elephants are needed.every year for mak-;
.ing'bjlliard..balls.-." - --,"'-.,.-���'"       .[..���:.-
j'_;.;iA.^t;^ane,-^Hpw.7strange;.Ujat. peoj.
I pleEca a V fe^H''sBch; ;;'big;,^
:]Vkhx.h7:-SeUcMeVKOi1C- XX XyXXy- XXXXXX.
A lazy man is. a- dead loss to himself.
WIBINP Klsht aad BEoraiag.
Eye*.  If they Ti&_.
- ��� ~~^m^^f    ^tc^�� Smart or Bum,
V..,K rwrCJf So16- Imitated, *��"-
8UUR OcdflamedcrGranulated-
InfantorAdalt At all Druggists. Write
.- ferFneEreBocfc, ����$wi&��iU����*?C��.,��He��3��
Muddling Through.
The Anglo-Saxon.is-easily tho-m'ost
incoherent-being in"-Europe. 7.Put. a'
Frenchman or an Italian on his legs
and. volubility, pours out of his un:
abashed mouth. . Wc'remain tongue-
tied. -\But nol-so tongue-tide'that we"
need forget to . thank- -the gods 'eacli
morning for.having given us. that oilier
more" estimable gift of Persistence���01
knowing what, we -want,. even if Ave
cannot-name it, and of incoherontlj'
carrying on lintil we have it .in. our
grasp.���London Daily Express..    '.'���-
<���"-." ;'.- -' ' A.W.qnian. Diver ���:,-,....',- 7' .' '
"Thai'diving-may -be<looked upon as
an occupation for.Vwohien- is;demonstrated -'by" .Miss -".Margaret'""Naylor,
Great- Britain's" wpmaii'diver,' who is
searching in Tobermory Bay, Scotland,
for"treasure, lei't-by a-ship of the "SpanV
isli Arniada." A dive.of-ten fathohis
is nothing to Miss Niiylor.
7..."-'.- .'This Life Of-Ours.: "���':'-;-���'
- Screen your open grate-fires in win-'
ter, swat the liks in summer, stop.'
look and listen at grade crossings,
don't start the kitchen range fire witli
the kerosene.can, keep jour nose out
of- other'.folks' fnisiness and maybe
you will live to be run over by a
drunken joyrider.���Louisville,Cuorler-
- ' ".. .-���'    A Nutty Fish
. Prof.���"What is an oyster?"'  -','    -
Stude.���"An oyster is a. fish built
like.anut."���Buit.1 ",     ,���
;;.:,;,T:he,KiBg:vof Siani, lias.-- published . ..a
tcansiitloiiX in77 ^IzmeseXXf'tji. P^eVV3?
Shakesp$ajre's..wof& '[XyXX't XiX'XX
X W:-Im7^��t7:0.^57sg^
VXiXXFpx: ;^ittfe'75u.n-^fai<. $ ��� iirc XlS%V:
VVl&tt^^lTOSo^'tfe sdcntists7:cali;;iti77
XX V^h3;;I^iijJps&fe te^bod0mt[)XX:
^V^tsVfeTMrbfk: anid7T$v|ye$ jo^iiickXy1:
xyyiFiM, qfiietigi'gy/Vari^i -vribnrr^^hvgitfQr^^
-,:, ii^X0>o&XQr[yowi :;;V^iisfc-'tt^iVi. i3xV-7- X
iwy^tiagg^rsaw^grB^K.JOtt^ ::i;;7'7J77:;^||W,^JSii.
THE     LEDGE.     GREENWOOD..    f*.     il
General Election Will
Be Held In Ontario
Latter Part Of Jim
School Lands Sold
Toronto.���Measures, providing for
redistribution, proportional representation and fhe single transferable
vote, will bc put through the Legislature before dissolution, and a general
election will be held in Ontario in the
latter pari of June, Premier E. C.
Drury. announced in the Legislature.
The three bills were introduced by the
Premier and given first, reading.
Speaking olMlie events which uc-
curred-in the Legislature, the Premier
said they came as a great, shocfislo
him personally.
'- "I was unable to ,.make the announcements that f am ready to
make," die Premier said. "The situation cleared, when a vole of confidence, in the Government was passed. 1 bclieTe the Government has
thc confidence of the House and thc
country. I think the electors of this
province should be  consulted  before
midsummer. July and August would
not be the time, -particularly among
thc rural people. I, therefore, propose that this House continue in session until May -1, which will give us
three full weeks. The committee have
nearly all finished their business and
some contentious bills may have to be
withdrawn. After May ���!, I will advise the Lieutenant-Governor that the
Legislature be dissolved. I am now
going to introduce three bills, one on
redistribution, one on proportional
representation, and one on the single
transferable vote.    '
Thc Premier thought redistribution necessary. The material was
available for a redistribution committee, which could get to work immedi-'
ately. The proportional representation bill, he said, did not specify
where that system was to be put* into
effect, and the committee would have
to decide.
Revenue from Quarter Sections in
Pre-emption Area 12.254,854
Ottawa.���A total of S.S2-I quarter
sections of school lands within ihe
Dominion lands pre-emplion area were
sold io December 31, 1922, according
to information given to the House by
Hon. Charles Stewart. Revenue
amounting to SI2,25-i,S.j-l.i)S was derived from these sales and nt the end of
last year the balance remaining unpaid was $15,(JS7,01S.5.1. Thc number
of quarter sections- purchased and
afterwards surrendered to tlie Government was 1,2 01.
Increase Jn Living Cost
Statistics Show March Average
Slightly  Higher Than  February
Ottawa.���A slight increase al llie
beginning of March over February
was shown in the average weekly cost
of the family budget, according to figures compiled by the statistics
blanches of the Department of Labor.
In some sixty* Canadian cities tils
average cost of 29 staple goods for
a family of live was $10.79 as compared wiih ?10.51 in 1'cbruary and
?10.54 in March, 1922. In June, 1920,
the budget cost ?1G.927 while, in
March, 191-1, the cost was only $7,G8.
x?y'i 4v^ I *- W?#W -W
Discuss Coming Budget
' | Government   Caucus    Discusses   Two
j , Cent  Postage  Rate
] Ottawa.���Liberal members held a
j prolonged caucus, the groaterj.art of
| it devoted to an expression of views
j on the coming budget. So far as iho
'general    tariff    against    ihe     United
concerned,   ihe   pronounced
I feeling was ihat the time is inopportune inasmuch as the American la.'it'f
' keeps high.
As regards the extension of the
I British preference, the proposal found
1 support in some quarters and opposi-
; tion in others. .Mr. Fielding listened
| hut did noi indicate his own ideas ot
' proposals.
Providing For Taxation
On Trading In Grain
To Solve Rural Credits
Novel Proposal Made by George
Bevington of Edmonton
Ottawa.���That, the provinces should
incorporate themselves as banks under the Federal Hank. Act, was suggested  by  George  Bevington,  of  JCd-
Several   members  advocaied   penny I manton, before the banking and coin-
postage and argued that   it.   will   not   merce  committee of the House, as a
Stone,   Editor  and   Proprietor
Tlie Star, Shoal Lake, Man.
Annual Grant to Fairs
Paris.���Thc economic staffs attach-'
��� i
ed to tlie reparations commission are
keeping books on the cost to Germany
on the one hand, and to Franco and
Belgium on the other, of lfie occupation of thc Ruhr. Complicated
studies aro b"eing made of thc direct
and indirect losses to'the economic
belligerents and to their neighbors..
""The French experts are plainly interested in Germany's cash outlay
for her programme of passive resistance. - There are dealt "with under
several main headings, such as her
average monthly imports of 1,000,000
tons of coal at from 32 to 35 gold
marks a ton, or, roughly, 50,000,000
gold marks.. Tiiis average is struck
upon the actual importations and
prospective requirements of Germany.
These calculations satisfy the
French that (lie German Government
is spending in actual * cash abroad,
and in her reduced income of foreign
monies, sufficient to have met the
cash reparation payriients under the
Cannes agreement of 60,000,000 gold
marks monthly. Tho conclusion is
reached by"" these experts that, jf
Germany were to show the same zeal
in making payments as in resisting
them, she would havc been able to
continue meeting tho, Cannes programme.
On the other side of the balance
sheet, it is figured that the three
months' occupation of the Ruhr has
cost France and'Belgium a direct
outlay and losses in cash amounting
to -Ml,000,000 francs.
The loss in business to the allies
is estimated by the reparations experts as upwards of 500,000,000 paper
francs, while the loss to Germany
exceeds that estimate, and both are
increasing rapidly. The economic
to the entire world is-calculated
numbers at 5,000,000,000
francs for the three months' period.
British Teachers Dismissed
in    round
Sacred Church Symbols
Burned By Russians
Voting Communists' Campaign Against
. >    Easter Spreads Over Country
Moscow.���The bells of Easier Week
continued     to    ring    in     Moscow's
-churches while provincial despatches
reported (he success of thc young
communists' campaign against Easter.
From.many widely scattered points
come reports of anti-religious demonstrations. The Odessa railway workmen, according to ,. a government
agency despatch, during a mass meeting removed ikons from factories and
burned Ihem wiih..shouts of,  "Down
" with God's darkness." ....  --    "���"        ;
- . Hundreds. of ��� persons   gathered in
the 7.huge    yard"  of the  Church- of
-Christ,   the .Saviour.-in-.Moscow,and
. listened ��� io Ihe - soap box /orators' de:
.bating' the. question: ��� "Is' there .or-,is
there, not a God."-.-... ;   "-
V It is. reported 'that (he trial of'the
. Most; Rev. Dr.- Tikhon may be post-..
Vponed. ." , ��� V- --'������-'���       V-V- ���"''-".-"- V -
U.S. Secures Two
Canadian Professors
One    From    McGill   and    One    From
McDonald College
.. Montreal.���Dr. Gordon Jennings
Laing, Dean of Faculty of Arts in McGill University, has accepted the appointment of Dean of lhe Graduate
School of Arts and Literature, editor
of the University Press and professor
of Latin al lhe University of .Chicago.
Dr.' . M., .A. Jul 1, in charge in the
Department, of Poultry-at McDonald
College, has been appointed chief of
the Poultry Division of the United
Stales Department qf Agriculture. Dr".
Jules .was born in Durford, Ont. He
was'with"'the Department of Agri'cul-
lure. iu British,- Columbia for two
years.   ' ��� '..-, .  ��� / V,-. . -. -���,.--..
Board of Education Finds There Are
100,000 Fewer^Pupils
London.���The fall in the country's
birth rate is strikingly represented in
estimates of the Board of Education
for this year which allow for 100,000
fewer pupils than were provided for
previously and it i.s anticipated that
this condition may continue for some
years. The number of school teachers has been diminished by 1,000, tho
average number of children lo one
teacher being 81. The average cost
to tho public funds per child is
eleven pounds, eight shillings.  .
_;_,-,. ��� Progressive-Candidate Ele'ctcd--.���
:." . MooW Jaw, Sask.^After one of ihe
-most -strenuous 'poll.1 ic'al- campaigns.in
'the history of-"this part of,,llie country, -"]���_.. N. ���' Hopkins,. Progressive'' can-
'Vdidatc,- defeated" HoiiVVVV E.7Knbw!es,
-'.Liberal.nominee, by'. 1,291-.votes;"with
7 "30 'bullying polls to-, bo- heard from." ���:.
''. Mr. -Hoj.ikins' election is conceded,
'-.-but. Iiis majority'may" be cut. down
.   somewhat- by the returns from 25"or"
/so-polls'i'n'tlie,disirict along the Unit-
���.. cd .Stale's border.''';'���'' V"-;'. ���-.-    .-.���""', - V '
_-.7" - Let Grading Contracts
.Winnipeg;���The contract for, gnul-'_
ing. tlie new Canadian. Pacific Railway
'branch fromCutknife to Battle River,
Sask.,/has'been'^yar(Ied'to W.-AV Dut-
ton, of; Winnipeg,, it was ���'announced
J?y.._-D. .-;_���.- . Coleman. _..,Vice-President
Western- Lines.-,. The/ contract '��� for
grading an" additional nc-w. branch line
which.,the company!is." building from
NaJcam to' Melfort,'.Sask;, has' been,
awarded; the Vice-President, stated, To
Stewart and/Cameron, ."also of Winnipeg,. ,'./���"'     " '���'-'-.. .     7-'. '     '  ������'"" '���'-.. ���
German' Debt Increase
Berlin.-���Germany's'-floating .debt-jn.
discounted' treasury bills, at. the-end of
-March was. tJ,GOO,OOO;OO0,OO.O - marks,-
U'pr"eseniing,"an increase o.f -.800,000,'-
000,000 marks during the last, ten-days
of.Ihe'niohfh,     '.-.    '���-" .    "���-'.'_ .'" ,"-:..
Wheat from Vaiicouver-to Scandinavia.
7 Vancouver.'��� For" -ilic- first- time .-in
(he-history, of .-the 7 port; arrangements'
have" been' made to ship wheat-direct"
from-Vancouver, to Nonvtiy and Swed-,
en,. booking of 2S1.250 bitshelsfor that
market being recorded.at the Vancouver Merchants' Exchange. Ih the.
past; Vancouver grain, has -found its
way indirectly-to Scandinavian ports,"
but' tiiis' is- the first- time, 'in'.winch
direct arrangements .have beeiimadc
Violent Scenes
Prepare For
Whiskey Smugglers
American  Prohibition Agents to Cope
With Liquor Shipments From
Washington.���New Engfiind prohibition agents are advising Commissioner
Hayes that they arc preparing for- a
spring opening of liquor shipments
from Canada.
Roads in the Stales .along the Canadian border are clearing rapidly of
snow, and it was expected that Heels
of motor trucks of smugglers from
Canada soon would be-on their way.
The prohibition men say they are
prepared to cope with the situation.
Dominion      Livestock     Commissioner
Says Western Class A  Fairs to
Receive $5,000
Md mon ton.���Western fairs on Class
A list, such as Mdmonron, Calgary.
Regina, Saskatoon and Brandon, will
receive annual grants, of ?5,000, so 1-1.
S. Arkell, Dominion Livestock Commissioner, staled at a conference of
representatives of exhibition associations, provincial governments and
livestock association held here.
This official also stilted that within
two.and tit the most three years,
federal grants for "Class B" fairs
would be dropped. Restricting of favored draught horse breeds to Clydesdales, Perchcrons, Belgians and Shires
while there would= bc two kinds of
light horses, thoroughbreds and standard bred, was approved of by the
meeting. There was a great .degree
of unanimity on the beef cattle
classes, shorthorns, Hereford ..and
Aberdeen Angus being approved of.
Considerable discussion took place
over the dairy cattle eliminations,
particularly as a number of Alberta
j delegates were holding forth for thc
Jerseys while Saskatchewan was sympathetic to Guernseys.
Finally, a motion favoring thc Holstein and Ayrshires .only was passed
while the selecting of another dairy
or dual purposes breed was left to
the discretion of thc various fair
boards, who will act in consultation
with Ottawa.
[adversely affect tlie    revenues    inas-
I much    as    it    was contended  the increased  sale of stamps  will  compensate foi- lho reduction in tho price.
Another point of representation was
the need of appointing without delay
a Canadian representative' at Washington in view of the recurrence of
mailers in which such an appointment
would be oi' utility.
Photos Confirm
Einstein Theory
Results Deduced From Photographs
of Eclipse of the Sun
San - Jose, Calif.���Dr. Albert Einstein's theory of relativity is confirmed -by results deduced {j-om photographs of th'eVeclipse of the sun,-taken' at" Walla; on tlie .northwest coast
of Australia,-on September 2t', 1922. by
the \V. IT: Crocker eclipse expedition
from.the-Lick Observatory, University
of '.California/ according.to .a slatement
issued' by-Dr.'-W. \\.. Campbell. Direc/
lor of'the'-Observatory, who, headed
the expedition. ���       7/.'-:    7-7   ���-   --.
To Encourage Immigration
Ocean Passages for Immigrants from
Europe to be Reduced
Montreal.���With n view to encouraging immigration from Europe, the
Canadian railways have arranged that,
effective with the opening of jiaviga-
tion, via lho St. Lawrence route, a
substantial reduction will be made In
immigrant fare on business from Europe io Canadian "points.. The new.
fares to Winnipeg and the west will'
be on ��� an approximate pre-war.-.basis,
and effective, .with sales" inEurope,
on April 19.-   ���_-"������-��� .7--,.
- 7Arrangements have also been.made
'.filial,;" effective' May 1, settlers--"from
;tlie United .Stales', coming.to take up
land"in"Canada,"; will be accorded-: a
'-material' reduction in their, fares...
Says Farming Does Not Pay
Prof. Sissons Contends Ontario Farmers Make Small  Profits
Ottawa.���The special House Committee ons"agrlcu)tural conditions ex-
tended its investigations to,the Parliamentary cafeteria. At ihe instance
of Thomas Sales, Saltcoats, the committee sent for one of the apples retailed at five cents each, weighed it
and worked out the selling price en
.lhat basis at ?27 per barrel.
Prof. C. B. Sissons, of Victoria
College, Toronto,- speaking from
some practical farming experience,
said lhat farmers (if farming were
considered as a commercial proposition) were not making money.
"Speaking simply on Ontario," he
said, "I should say that the number
of farmers who are making or have
made at thc same time interest: on
their investment and reasonable wages
for themselves���and that' would be
niy definition of farming on a commercial basis���is extremely small and
has been extremely small."
means of solving lhe problem of providing credit for agriculture and oilier
Mr. Bevington suggested that, lho
powers cf the Treasury Board lo issue
Dominion notes in return for securities,be defined by Parliament; thai
the provinces lake out charters itndor
Ihe existing Bank Act and appoint a
board of directors to conduct lhe business, including the establishment of
"local units," or branch banks. He
led up to ike proposal by slating that
the present system encouraged loans
lo manufacturers and distributors
rnlher lhau the primary producers.
He pointed out that under existing,
conditions the Dominion Treasury
Board issued Dominion notes m the
banks on provincial'or federal bonds
or other good securities. Why, then,
should not the Treasury Board issue
Dominion notes direct to a province
on provincial bonds?
Complaint About Screenings
Says.. O.n'ly' One- Cpmp!amt:;.Has Been
- . - Received".Since 1915 -. . 7.7 ���.
.".Ottawa.���That- only., one,complaint'
had7beeninade'Vio.the;BoardVof ;Gfaih
Commissioners' with regard to--screen.;
irigs shipped Vfrom ..Canadian" Government :'elevaTors "since ; 1915;.' was the
substance of ���a -reply -by the.Minister
of. Trade'and Commerce to a .question
in the House of: Commons, by Div R.-
I. "Man.oh,. Conservative, -Fort"Wil";
Hani. ������ - ���_ .������'.'���- ���.-���-'-������������.- .-������ '.-'-���'
,-��� It- wa's' asserted', that 7thc matter
liad been allowed, to,-lapse owing to.
the - complainants failing to prove
.that they did not receive tlie-product
called for'-hy the1- documents-.-.iniy,.
rendered."''' "-.,..x"X   ,.'-.-
Jap Prince Breaks Precedent
"" "London.���Perhaps never sinceV.the.
days" of Parneil. le .obstruction has
such a scene 'of.violent uproar been
witnessed in the House of-Commons
as that which-transformed th'e-ordih-.
arily placid'chamber into ari'absolute.
bedlam-. The disorders arose primarily out of the defeat sustained \>y
the Government, by a small majority,
on a mere technical, point.
Right Hon. Stanley Baldwin, Chancellor of the Exchequer, introduced a
motion framed (o counteract this defeat only to meet-with a storm unexampled In present-day parliamentary
annals, in the faes of ' which . the
Speaker, peerless to obtain a division, declared the motion carried under closure, and the House adjourned.
W.��� N.    U.   145S
*. Amid-the general uproar-fro^n'the
Labor benches -were heard, flie sing<
j.ng. of "The - Red Flag." . It.. was' the
first -tinie. the - c'liamber, of the:
".Mother bf Parliaments." ever echoed
with ���-its "familiar words and June;
.consequently . it was; -a- somewhat,
startling innovation,, but nobody seem
ed. to. attach significance to it.
Study.- Literature, in "Place
Entering Military.-Seryiee   -V-
.-VTokip.;���rXnoiher. imperial precedent
ol': Jitpaii-'-iias;' gone vby tlie boards.
Prince Jujim'aro. Yaniashina! third sqiv
of .'Prince -��� KiRumiiro -Vamashiha, haV
de.cided" to-enter' the' Imperial Uniycr-'
jsity.-at Tokio.as1 a-stii'deht of literature".-
'l-Ie're'iofbre' imperial   princes  by '-custom- have".entered either the military
or navy service,,-hence' Prince.Yama-.
shina is the.first of-the royal 'family-
lo '-attend a -university.. -. lie .is a .graduate of the-Peer.'s-sclsool. - "   :      '
of- the London papers refer to the
singing of "The Red Flag," as having
any special' significance, and the
Laborite Herald gives it no. more
prominence than the others.
The Lab'orit'es clearly felt that they
had a big stick to wield against the
Government in the interests of ex-
service men, -which was the question
originally before the House-. In till.
attitude, the Labor numbers are likely to receive the suppoi .of the v. hole
Laborite electorate.     . _   ���; -' ���
Jailed Under Temperance'-Act
Winnipeg.���Jail  sentences -for  first
offence .convictions  under  the   Mani-
xsone jtgba Temperance Acc-'were. commenc
ed in provincial police, court when
Magistrate It. M.. Noble fined three
local men a total'of ��700 and,, sent
them to jail for two weeks, with an
additional 60 days if tiie .fines were
not paid..
Rhodesia Needs
^ v    New Constitution
New York to Peking By Air
First Stop to be Made at Winnipeg in
Long Flight
Philadelphia.���An air route between
New York and Peking, China, has
been organized whiCh will make possible a trip by passenger airplanes ;n
(13 hours, Brig.-Gen. William Mitchell,
Assistant Chief of lhe United Stales
Air Service, told the Chamber of Commerce. . Winnipeg will be the first
slop. The second stop will bc in
Nome, Alaska. Thc cost to each passenger would be about ?1,200.
General Milchel said hc had just
organized the route, and the time
was not far distant when the first trip
would "be made. Four slops will be
made altogether.. .
Thcre-will.be . bn'ly. 21 .miles of
water.10 cross al the tip of Alaska, he
said. . The third stop wouldVbp near
llie Amur"Jtiver, inVSiboiia.-. - 7."
- Slariing from .'.New -Work , .at ������?>.
o'clock -in tlie-afternoon, passengers
would,be landed- ih . Peikng. on , the
morning .'of the third .day," he said.;
Would Use Hoarded Gold
French   Minister  Suggests  Scheme  to
Strengthen   Country's   Credit
Paris.���Gold popularly supposed to
be hoarded by tho French in iheir traditional "woolen sock" would be drawn
out of .hiding to aid ihe Government
through a bill introduced in Parliament by Deputy Meunior. lie proposes that gold, which on the' world
market is worth more than Ihroc
limes the French paper money, should
be taken by the Government at twice
ils nominal value. This, he thinks,
would give France additional sound
money lo stop the fall of the franc and
.strengthen.the country's credit.
How much gold the French still
hoard seems to be a matter of
speculation, for gold of other countries thai circulated here before the
war, may very likely still be here.
Trallic in gold coins is a penal offense,
yet the trade goes on, and from time
to iimc offenders are caught buying or
selling it. for smuggling oui of the
country in order.lo benefit by the o::-
Winnipeg.���Introducing a bill pio-
viding for. the luxation ol trading in
grain futures on the Winnipeg Grain
Exchange, Hon. F. Af. Black, Provincial Treasurer, in ihe Legislature, announced thai, the laxcs would be as
Six cents per J,000 bushels on.
wheal, 12 cents per 1,000 on flax aud
three cents per 3,000 on oais, rye and
barley. The bill will ifol apply to
cash trading, hc explained.
The suggeslion was made by J. T.
Haig (Conservative, Winnipeg) that
Harry Grant, graduate of the Manitoba Agriculture College, be called
before the bar of the House to explain remarks made before the Dominion Agricultural Committee on Uie*
the question of whether farming paid
in Manitoba and the west.
W. San ford Kvans (Conservative,
Winnipeg), claimed that copies of
the evidence substantiated the .summarized reports published in Iho
press, and many of the members
took Grant severely to task, it being
contended tliat. he was siniply a
theorist, with no practical experience
of farming and lhat the prosperity
of farmers in Manitoba generally
was repudiation suJIicient of his remarks.
Premier Bracken closed the debate
by staling he had no doubt. Mr.
Grant would be willing to appear before the Agricultural Committee of
the Legislature. "
Claiming that a centralized marketing agency would probably do
much better" in marketing the western
crop, so far as ihe farmer is concern-
ed; than the present system of marketing, Premier Bracken moved second reading of the Wheal Hoard Bill
in the Legislature.
Tne Premier spoke for fully, two
hours, and dealt with the wheat marketing situation in a comprehensive
way. Keeping the promise he made
in the House the other day, when introducing the bill, ho [pointed out the
disadvantages of the measure as well
as its advantages. Dealing with the
question broadly, the Premier declared thai, while I liere were some clauses
in the bill-ihat he did not like, on the
whole, he felt that the argument was
in favor of it,
.- .The Wn'y.TI.ey" Do-It In Turkey-.
Constantinople.���Under the.terms of
a bill; submitted- to A lie Angora "assembly by.tlieNatioiial defencejmr't.y, any
person'found "guilty' of-sin act, against
the: sovereignity of", the'people;.w)_eih:'
Vladivostok Wants
Foreign Capital
Money   Needed   to ��� Work   Riches   of
Prianiur Region-
Vladivostok.���The Government, still
is in-search of foreign capital to work
the natural .riches of the Priamur region, and foreigners may/take up.con-
i cessions on advantageous"' terins.   '
." A significant.' fact is thai'there are
more;-,lapanes.c ..coming into this port
than are leaving..--Some miners from
Alaska also have come ^Vladivostok
with.' money, -and ��� intend  t'o'lake  up
gold mining in' theOkliostk and oilier
'districts where gold is known to exist.
Resolution .'Urges-   Imperial ."government" to'.'Take'Action ���-'-'     -.'�����".
; -Salisbury,  Rhodesia:-As, a West j ^^^V^:^!^?^^.^^1;^^
against   further, delay-.in. granting, a
new constitution to -Southern Rhodesia
in. accordance1 with the verdict of alio
referendum taken' last, fall;; a' representative- public, meeting organized on
.non-party, lines passed a -resolution
urging the Imperial Government/io issue letters patent-in-order-io .enable
a. new- "responsible governmenj." to- be
organized . in time:-;to7prepare, fihan:'.
cial. measures ..to-relieve thevpresc-nl
uncertainty- and - distress, before the-
.expiry'of-anollier.'ycar. 7   ,7,  ..���'-. ;
son.'.- It .is.'pointed-out-that this nieas.-
..ure, "if. adopted, would "deprive the ';��..-
position 'of power ip-'.work' "for restoration of the- Sultanate. ":   <-���"'���'-: .V---���''
Derailment Cau'ses^Heavy Loss7
.Chatham; Out.���Damage..estimated
at more-thaii $100,000 'was "caused"by
the " derailment-" of "a. Grand .Trunk'
freight near hereX Eighteen cars-.'elt
the rails- aiid eleven ��� are jiiied - in ' t he
ditch, while"30(1 -feet of track -was tor.')"
up."--. The-..i.raiii crew- escaped.."injury,
FastTSme ih Belgium
Brussels."���The Belgium cabinet has
decided to adopt summer time simultaneously- -with. Great Britain, the
clocks being advanced one hour
April 22.
Ml APPiyiWo?;e Pressure
French ,-and Belgian ," Governments
- -Take.-Ne.w Measures'to"Coliect;;.:-
���---.. "���- ���' -.. -'' -'' - Reparations'';.. ���' v 7������-.-.-'
7. Paris.--'The- French, and- .Belgian
Government, -ministers . al ,'a "ii'iectirig
here decided upon .new measures of
pressure to be -applied-' io Germany "if
site, remains unyielding on. the reparation, quest ion";     "-'  ���    :'-���.'���-���.   ----.''
-Th?. n'ai tire, of; 1 he-ni.casures was noi
disclosed, but the ministers 'announced-in an official communicpte ihat.thcy
are. -determined' to " continue pressure
uniii,"' ihe Berlin;. Government 'niai.es
direct overl tiros for a settlement."'-.   .
Will Build HL B. Road
Port Nelson is Favored as the
Ottawa.���'T would Tavor building
the Hudson Bay Bailway even if there
were no "shipping at the end of il,"
Hon. G. P. Graham, Acting Minister of
Railways, ioid a western delegation,
in an interview. "1 don't see why
there should bc any doubt about the
Government carrying out the promise
made by me in the House to place.in
operating condition that part of the
road already ' constructed," he continued:
Mr. Graham made it quite clear to
she- delegates' that his mind was
made up" lhat Port Nelson should be
the terminus of the railway.
.Tlie.delegation was headed by J.
A. Cuinpbel!,.Commissioner of Northern Manitoba.   ���    --
- During -the "interview, Premier
King entered and stayed 'for a short
fore. he left, however, lie assured the
"delegation that the Government was
anxious .to meet the wishes of the
west in the matter of expediting the
repair work on the "-road promised in
ihe House" of Commons." Mr. Camp-
.b'ell, voicing the"'view of the delega-
lion, said' 'thai, on.; the. whole, the
statement --Vol'. tlie "minister in the
House -' regarding--the" 7 Hudson Bay
Railway had been satisfactory to the
west. - - .���"' ���������''.'.    . '
Be", fair." -.to   .your local merchants,
Ask-to.see.-his   goods-['aiid    compare,
price's before .sending, your' money' io
the mail order" houses. -;'" Voir will .find
that-it"pays"..   ,-      -.  -     '-'   -' .���;',.��� 'Xyy
X ���_. Coal For/.Switzerland '.". -���_
.". BerHn.-^Swiss-firms'have begun the
importation of South:"'-African, British
and United -States. coal/oii" account of
prolonged ; stoppages/ of . shipments
from"-the/Ruhr.,- Several, fUcamera
have., already, sailed from-.Spin h Africa
wiili- coal- foi-'. Swiss firm's..''/  ': . '-
-London Daily Express
j London.'���-Great" -Britain . ipurpos-!:?
orit.oring airlo'nergoi io ��"_>roiy- \'xguim-Vt
the granting, by .ihe-'Turkish -.Nationalist's oi' ee.riRi'n concessions in,-Anatolia io.' the" -i-'nitt-d-JStaif's .inic-re>'7'.
headed by Rear-Admiral-' "Colby y..
Chester'. ViC" ��� Hvcse 'concession^ -ave
found to embrace 1 he-Mosul, oil -fields,
it is declared.-     '��� ..'.7   :.
It, is' generally believed in .London
that in j is-present, form - the ���Chest?r
agreement with. ihe- Turks '.li.ff��?rs
from the original Turko'-American
-convention/ although no -exact de-.
tails-have bei-n .received. British in- -j'gora Govei-nineni.'s action,in.awarding
formation: is that- tiie present United ;-.these,", concessions to/United State'".*
States plan is concerned -chiefly with j.citizens": will, undoubte'dt}' - raise, i*-
the opening,up of Anatolia by-'ar. ft:i-\ sues ca.iii-hg'for judicial -..or- even   in-
; tensive railway system-, and the," gran
ng as, payment /of property.-. rights
u'pon-a'large scale... ''. - '���" --, ";X~ .
In ��� view.;of ihe "official "protest, al-!
ready made by Prance:'against Ihesa
coiiiiniinieni*:,��� -io/ United States ciii-
?,eiis:ji>5 being-in-, contravention, of the
F.ranco.-Turkish '-railways and-' ports,
agreement oC 3011, /it" is considered
���certain .."the; .whole ^subject -will be
accounteil/.-at/.the' approaching peace
conference 7in'Lausanne.    .. -   -   .,' "
-How/ far tiie /Washington!'..Government .can" discreetly, identify itself
With the project is regarded here as
problematical, inasmuch, as   the   An-
WttauGiia! atiUeraeBt. �����-��_J
Is $2.00 a year strictly iu advance, or
$2.50 when not paid for three mouths or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States J2.50, always in advance.
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices       7.00
Bstray Notices ...3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
R. D. Kerr's Address to the
United Farmers
All other legal'advsrtlsing, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I2)ic. a line each in-
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that lhe editor would be pleased
to have more money.
The City of Greenwood hag ordained that Wednesday, May 2nd
Bhall bo the day Bet apart for the
annual clean-up day. May we bespeak the co-operation of every
citizen of putting hia own premises
in order and in giving vent of a
long howl if he knows of any legitimate complaint against the City
itself or any of bis neighbors?
Then shall we make tbe best of
what we have, and, perhaps, seeing that trim and clean, we may be
on the road to add new charms to
a City which already possesses
many attractions.
In every, centre in  this district
there are spots of filth and dirtiness.   "We grow so  accustomed  to
,-'dilapided shacks. pile'sVof tins_and
���boxes,.' rusty 7.iron. Via -,the. grass;
'.medlies'o.f.janfcih backyards, - that
: ��� we" do ? -not   al ways" realize . that
V.spring"is the time for  cleaning-up.'
Springtime, is. here and whether
it.be.flower bed or bedroom, there
js sprin g cfeaning to be done,  ��� No
'; good gardener, no good; housewife
-.would   aliow'V the Vtiniest   .=spot
through which  criticism  might be,,
directed..V- '.-'.���".-; ",.,,[ ''���'...   ���-' y X.
.    - Thus in the -sphere, of the in -
: dividual the springtime, job will be
done and will be followed by pride
���V: at the doing.'-' -But/ -in -the, .sphere
of    the  -community,    the    same
X Eeouence does n.ot_alwav.s__hold.. _
;.,.       V.'V   Greenwood, B,C;,   7 .
XXyX ..   ':, V.'V. VAprlnethV 19237
' Editor, Green wood; Ledge."; -
7 V7Sir^'V-v"~ -'-VV "-. ')').''���''-
r.X-.y. ���  :    - 7l. certainly  associate
myself with the letter'of.V.'.Sports-'
.man" in your iesiie of April 12th..
It s^ems absurd, that the  people of
. .this District have no .protection as
.far as 'game, preservation". W The
: ..I'oiice have pot,the time to devote
to protecting-fish and; game,  arid I
think' that some:means should- be
, takentoenlist the.aid 0f7.fche.Gov-
V ernmenfe    for. protection.     Since
: Blackniore V.was. discharged   from
; >he position . of Game .Warden  no
single.prosecution' has been, brought
to Court,, naturally,the breakers of
the law consider, themselves 7safe
from any interference,   and con-
���-. tinue to.do as they please;
. A few years ago Boundary Creek
7 was well supplied with . fish, eight
Vinches and.oyer, britV'<fchem. days
.have   gone   forever." '   I   myself
have seen visitors come from a dis-
' tance, camp on the Creek and take
every   fish  that got  hooked irre
Bpectiye of size,: there is 110 one to
interfere and in a few. years Bound
.ary Creek will be fishless.  .
There are two ways to fight this
BBspcrtsman like condition either
petition the Government for a
Game Warden for the District, or
form some Society for oar mutual
benefit. I for one will be willing to
join such a Society.
Years traly,      .. "-'-
"Spoetsmaw ��fo. 2."
B. D. Kerr in his address to the
Farmers of Midway on the cattle
industry and the growing and
feeding of sunflower silage, referred
to over 30 years ago, when the
cattle were of a much superior
quality than at the present time iu
the country. Good steers 30 years
ago would of6en dress 800 lbs., as
compared with one of tho rame
age uow that often did uot weigh
600 lbs.
Amongst the reasons for this decline might be mentioned, the
handling of the pure bred stock
before coming to the Bouudary
country had for generations been
UBed in the winter time to the com-
fortB of warm quarters and were
fed in a way to. keep them growing through the cold weather, uow
the product of this stock by heredity looking for the same conditions as the sires had been accustomed to, do nob take kiudly to the
open feeding grounds, and the allotment of dry hay that barely
keeps them alive until the spring
time. The calf at 6 or 7 months
old enters the winter at say 500
lbs live weight aud when the gentle
chinook wind blows in the month
of March, the same animal has
shrunk.to 300 lbs. This loss can
never be regained, and is passed
on, not only to the cattlemau but
also to the smaller stock in the
years to come.
Away back in the early history
of British Columbia before the
ranges were eaten off or fenced up,
the cattlemen had a law placed on
the statute books compelling the
calves to be dropped at a certain
time or rather that on certain
months, they were not to appear.
This may have been all right then,
but, times change and under new
conditions, taking the place of the
old, the best time for.the calf to
begin its career is in the very
months that by law they- are prohibited. If the cow has been fed
silage and hay, is in comfortable
winter quarters and is in good
condition even if the weather is below zero, the calf begins its existence with a much better chance of
success than the calf" dropped by a
poor cow, ;3. or 4 months later .when
the;flies and hot. sun.are a-trouble
to; them both..'.,7 "'���" 7. ' -."'.-- .-'-..-;V
:..Tt ,was'a iiice life'.years ago in
cattle'-"business.7 Saddle horses,
silverspurs, -chaps: and 7the -open
camp.fires, and .today .if we still
look with longing ..eyes at the departed years, .the ; same, conditions
will not earn iis "So ;or SG per. day.
that any. other expert gets. at .his
business.. Just for example, wheu
our s,tock isishipped from Mid way
to. Vancouver, each; and .every.
train man, .who takes . the train to,
the market, receives for his. day's
labor between $5.and Si5, "and'the'
man .who raises the stock is very.
lucky if.his.ledger.:balances at the
end of the year, . ;W V77
"X- When; the- farmer wants' to; buy-
any thing the seller'.always makes
the .price, 7but, when, the farmer
has. something, to. sell - he is not
allowed to make the price, the
buyer does that .for him. The
farmer is the back bone of Canada
aiid,still we find him just the work.
horse, for organized unions and
businessmen. 7.7. 7-: -.:;.
.-..The great cry is. to get,-more
farmers to. exploit. I wonder they
don't all go on strike.
���': I began this to. give my exper-.
iences in. growing and feeding sun--
fiowers and T am afraid I have got
far.afield, but, to get back, to niy.
main subject, the .Russian giant
sunflower is the easiest of ail grains
to raise; sowed in drills: 3 to 4 feet
apart with about 2 seeds to the
foot,.about the 1st week . in May- or
late in; April. -InV about .10 days
every seed was up from an inch to
two inches, at that, time the late
frost.caught-them on three different nights, but this,did v them ��Q
harm. The growth of tlie plant is
very .rapid. The .field was cultivated jnst once, and irrigated 3:
times, and by the last week in
August the height of the plants
varied from 3 ft., to 14V ft. It wat--
estimated that the yield of green
feed was about 8 tons to the acre.
The method adopted . to cut the
crop was- by the ordinary sickle,
catching the stalks in the left hand
and slashing with the right, laying
with the heads all one w^y in piles
of 20 aud 30 inchee, so as to make
it easy for the loader when the
hauling in was done. " The. cut
crop can lay in; the ..field -several
days without any harm being done
to it-, bnt the greener it ia put into
tlie silo, so much the hotter. A
corn binder is the proper method
of harvesting, but as these machines cost about ��350 each,- one
would have to have a large acreage to warrant this outlay of money.
The silo is the importaut part,
the storing of the sunflowers so as
to keep the air away from the cut-
crop. I would highly recommend
one dug in the ground, a", circular
hole 10 ft. in diameter and say 20
ft. deep.
A friend of mine was telling me
that some years ago he had dug a
well over 20 ft. deep, iu which he
had struck no water, and that 3 ft.
from the surface hard pan had
been encountered, the ground being
so hard they had to uso powder to
blast it, all the \va'.y down. Now
that is-an ideal ground for a pit
silo. Crib up the 3 ft. of loose
ground on the top making the cribbing 3 ft. above the top of the soil,
altogether' 6 ft. of timber work.
The hard pan ou the walls aud
bottom would be just as good as
any cement walls, that would'cost
a lot of money.
The machine to .chop the suu-
flowers costs from ��100 to ��200,
bub, consider that one of these
machines if tun steady would fill
and ordinary sized silo iu oue day.
A horse sweep or a sniall ^gas
engine will provide' the necessary
power. One cutter should cut at
least the crop of six farmers, thus
dividing the cost.
In putting the ensilage away it
is necessary to have it well tramped
down; also sufficient water must be
added. The plan we adopted was
to have a barrel at au elevation
above the cutter and a hose leading
from it to the cutter box so as the
crop was cut a stream of "water fell
ou it before it was placed in the
silo, then, when the silo was filled
the top was' well wet down. In
two or three days the fermentation
was in progress and the whole
mass was hot. This heat kept up
to well ou in the winter. It was
so warm when we' started feeding
the man remarked, "this is a nice
place to get ones feet warm. From
6 to 12 inches on tbe top. was
spoiled, being a rotten mass, but.
this.is what sealed what was..underneath, from the air.
About "the .-1st of December we
began .to- feed and;,when" it was
placed/before tho'catile iii troughs,
a few'.of'^ncm tasbd-it. ;.The next
day a few-more ���' tried-it,, and in'a
week or ten.days-they..,would leave
tho alfalfa' hay -to. eat-, the;-sunflower-sila'ge. .' ���'���,.-. .',. ; 7.'"."-.' "V. V
'".'���'A ton. of silage is not' equal to a
.ton"of good.hay in'fee'd'.'.yaluej-but
2 tons of."'hay and 1 "ton-of silage
will -give."better .results than: 3 tons
of.good bay; because it ;keeps the
'animals in'good condition, ..the
Eilage.taking theplace"of grass.7., ������
-.-There is no doubt.ab'out the feed,
value of sunflower- silage, andhif
every farmer in the Boundary district on the 1st of -Decernber.r bad a
tou-af silage.to feed toeach animal,
with the-same; amount- of hay,' in
.theV following 7-spring'; his. "cattle
would .all be. heavier : than, .when
they went into. the. feeding' sheds.
If the young'-stock.don't get fitter
"there ^ is, one- thing proved., .'they,
keep on growing.- '���������;��� '-
. Success or failure; of the cattle
business depends^ou the growth.of
the young stock in the winter.time.
Now-;..it has been amply proven,
in'.the Midway'district,..that sunflower silage, is a -nourishingVaQcJ
healthful; food,- greatly relished by
catt 1 e. and; as a feed for bogs' one
cqtild not find anything better, i
hogs, fed-all winter ou- it; was the
principal food, '.have doubled in
weight ih.four-months...
Valuable information cau be
gained from pamphlets" issued by
the Departments of-. Agriculture at
Ottawa and Victoria, and-anyone
writing to these oflicesv.for advice,,
can get this valuabie.in formation
free of charge. ' > " _   -.
The dance iu connection witli
the Maple Leaf Social Club last
Friday was enjoyed by upwards of
fifty people from the surrounding
district. Dancing was kept up till
nearly 2 a.m.. Everyone had a
real good time, the music being
supplied hy Messrs. H. Pannel, H.
Borders, R. Roylance. Frank Ma
letta was floor manager and kept
things going good aud ttrong.
S. Bombini, with a gang of men
is removing a house on to his
On Friday 27th April there will
will be a card parfey under tbe
auspices of the Maple Leaf Club-
This will be the last of the season
and all members are requested" to
be present*.
"Her Social Value"
. In "Her Social Value," Katherine MacDonald's latest starring
vefficle, considerable of the action
is staged at a glove counter .in a
large department store, a realistic
replica of which was constructed in
the Rtudio. When it was finished
it looked so true that Director J
Storm declared:
"I'm glad we haven't many
women in this studio."
"Why? inquired his assistant,
Jimmy Dugan.
"We wouldn't be able to keep
them away from that counter; they
would want to shop instead of act."
"Her Social Value" will be the
feature at the Greenwood Theatre
on Saturday, April 21st.
Send Your
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed.    We
pay postage one way.   Terms Cash.
Reports on i
Canada's   M
v. ft ��� m~ $\
^V If.  '��*** \ *M&*
���������yyy$X:y Xp'[
At frequent intervals throughout
the season the Bank of Montreal
issues reports on the progress of.
the crops in Canada. These reports, telegraphed to headquarters
from the. Managers of the Bank's
600 Branches, cover every Province and form a reliable index of
crop conditions.
The reports are furnished free.
Upon request at any Branch of the
Bank your, name will be~placed on
our mailing list.
Tailored Clothes
Total Assets iri Excess of #600,000,000.00
BETWEEN:-.    y   K
.-". AND
"'--_'-- LIMITED (Non Personal Liability)
.  ���-'. '     Defendant
'-Under and by virtue of a.11 Order mntle in
lhc above action on the 12tli day of -March,
1923,1 will offer-for sale by public auction 011
Monday the 23rd day of April, 1923, at the hour
of 2-.o'clock.,in the afternoon at the Sheriff's
Ofiice in the Court House iti the City of Grand
Forks, British .Columbia, all the riirlit,'title,
and interest of the above-named Defendant
(who is Mie-Jndgnieiu Debtor) iit the following
Iands:^ ���'-      ���    . -       "7     '-...'���-..'
\ -.Lot 013, '-Group 1, Osoyoos Division' Yale
.District, British-Columbia, "Providence" Mineral Claim,       '    ;-    ';    . .'-.,'   , .J;
. TSie'following charges appear on- the register against the said lands:-- .    .  ' '      .
' Mortgage;iit favor of the Chicago Title and
Trust Company dated 1st-January,- 1908. from
the Defendant to .secure'?30,000 at 6 percent,
payable as therein stated.' "��� -V ...
Judgment'' against Defendant in-favor of
Workmen's Compensation Board for #278.58. .
Judgment against-Defendant in- favor, of
Allan .John  Morrison and .Donald Hugh Mc-"
Cillis foi-Sl%9."38. -.    -'V':.-'    ���'������.'-.-'   -.
'-   Tiie Judgment herein for $1961.84; ',Xy.
y";, ~J udgment agaiirst'' Defendaiif ..iiF'faver" of.
the Corporation of the Citv of Greeiiwood for
S184.93. .7-;--' ���,- -:���'"-.".-.'-..'. Xy.--
:-���' Judgment agaitist Defendant iu favor of
ForbesM." Kerby for $163.51, - ..;..'.. " "'-;
. . Judgment-'against. pefendaiit in favor "of
Canadian. I'ngersoll-Rai'id Company, -Limited
fdr*147,S0.- " ;  - - ,'y   y -������ V    ���'"':
Judgment against- Dcfeudant-.'in' favor of
Wood, Vallfliice Hardware' Coiupanv,-. Limited,
for$160.98.    '-""-,'-��� -"���;'-..   --   ',7 .-;""      - "���    '.'
-   Terms'o'f Sale���Cash. ...-'-' - .- [   ._��� .
. Dated at Grand Forks,-B.C.,-this 20th dav of
March, 1923,' . -.-   .'���-'--'-.'   * ���     "   '-'
."���y .   X:    7Wr- a. taggart;   ....
: -'        ".   Slierlff-of the County of
.. ''*  ������ . .." Yale, British Columbia.
W 7-7-UWD*ACT:V.7 7.,y.;.
0   ':���������..-.:'���[��� '-':���������:   -~,  --""'���   '''"-
fa Similkameen Division of Yale Land District.
Recording District of penticton, B.c. and
situate near Spencer, B.C.; situated-west of
and adjolBing Lot 1737 S.D.Y.D.     .
TAKE NOTICE that 60 days, after date
I, Abel Trombley, of Eiiolt, B.C.,-occupation
rancher, intend to apply for permissionto purchase the following, described lands;.
.Commericidg'ata post planted 20 chain���;
South of the North-West.Corner of Lot 1737',
thence South 20 chains;-thence West 20chains:
thence North 20 chains; tbence". East 20 chains
aad containiiiff 40 acres more or' less, for grazing purposes. ���-  7 .-���'-��� y-y ��� ���-
'---: -"'-���,'    ', -ABEL TROMBLEY.';
���'-.���    '   '      -    -.      ���--.-' Applicant
Dated 3rd April, 1923;'"  -   . .-.'77 -���'.-.
Have you paid, yourv subscription to The Ledge?
TKe Consolidated Mining &VSmeltiBg7po.
,       of Ceriada, Limited
Office, Smelting aiad-Refining Department -
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Ziac Ores
.'.-;    Producers  oi    Gold,    Silver,   Copper,   Pi j?  Lead   and Zinc
I For Good ��
1 Job Printing |
���w -~ ~ ~ ; .. .'��������
^~ ..     ������___?
^ ---Economy and Satisfaction af
g combined with Promptness f|'
1 are the features which go to ||
g make up the Service we give |[
g our customers.     Are  you |-
B one of them?                          3
j^y ~~m
Letterheads, Noteheads,       3
::-      (Ruled or Plain) '"'" 3
Envelopes, Billheads, 7 2
..    (All Sizes)   .. CS
Statements, Business Cards, ^
Posters, Dodgers, Etc., Etc. %
PHONE 29       1
Ageat for Dalge,; Cbeyrolet, Studebaker,
aud Overland cars.-Garage iu couuec'tkm.
d. Mcpherson 7   -      ProBrietor
. E.W. WIDDOWSOW, Assayer and
Chemist,: Box biioS,- Nelson, B". C.
ChargesY���GoldiSilver, Copper or Lead
$1,25 each. Gold-Silver $1.75; Gold-
Silver with Copper or Lead. $3.00. Silver-Lead. $2.06. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.66,
Charges, for other ��� metals,-.etc., r,n application." . -    " .'���-'.'. --���-"   '--.-,,.'
Men's Suits and Overcoats
For Spring and Summer
Splendid Assortment of New
Samples Just Arrived
Call and see them
Tailor and Cleper
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Minimum price of first-class land
reduced to 55 an acre; second-class to
$2.507an' acre.  ,
" Pre-emption now   confined    to surveyed landsonly.
Records will, be granted covering
only }and suitable for agricultural
purposes and which is non-timber
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
claims.        ...
Pre-emptors must occupy _ claims
���for five years arid must make improvements to value of $10 per acre,
including clearing arid cultivation of
at least 5 _acres, before receiving
Crown Grant, v      -
Where pre:em'.ptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he-may be-""
cause of ill-health, or other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence
maj. be issued', provided applicant-
makes improvement to' extent of $300
per annum and records same each
year."" TFailure to make improvements
or record sariie will operate as forfeiture* Title cannot be obtained in
less than 5 years, andimprovements of
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleat-
ed and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required.
Pre-emptors holding Crown Grant
may "record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, pro- ���
vided statutory improvements made
and residence maintained on" Crown
granted land. ,-..     . ��� .
Unsurveyed areas not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
��� For grazing and industrial purposes
areas exceeding 640 acres may be
leased by one person or company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber laud not-exceeding 40 acres
maybe purchased; conditions include
payment of stumpage.
-Natural hay meadows inaccessible
by- existing -roads may be' purchased
conditional upon construction of a road
to. them. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.
The scope of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces. The time
in which the heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is extended from one"
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the"conclusion of the present war. This privilege is made retroactive.
No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable.by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded r after June 26, 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
'4,1914, on account of payments, fees or
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions,
. Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or. indirect, remitted from en-
listment.to March 31st, 1920.
Provision   made    for   insurance   of-
Crown   Grants   to   sub-purchasers   of
Crown  Lands, .acquiring rights from
purchasers who failed to complete purchase, involving forfeiture,  on fulfill-"
ment of-conditions of purchase, interest
���and^- taxes;���Where-sub-parchasers~do���
not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes may be distributed  proportionately    over  whole
area.   Applications must be made by
May'l, 1920.
..;.    .      ���-���."" X GRAZING
7Grazsng Act, 1919, for systematic de-
velopriient of livestock   industry  provides for grazing- districts and range
administration    under   Commissioner.
Annual grazing permits issued based
on numbers ranged; priority for estab-
lishedowners.- Stock owners may form
Associations for  range  management.
Free,   or partially   free, ^permits  for
settlers; campers.or travelers up to ten"
heads'"' ��� v    -.' '���  --''
v The Mineral Province of Western Canada    iii
V-.-W'Wv ^-Wa~^ '  V'iVyx
77 .Has produced Minerals valaed as follows: Placer Gold, 'we^^sJOS'-'Lod^^'-'^'
GoldVSlOg.e^GGl^ilrer, $59,814,266; Lead $51,810,891; Copper,78170,723,242;^��
Zinc,7 ��24,625,853; .Miscellaneous 'Minerals, Sl.358,839; Coal and VCoke7$238,fe!��-&
;289,;S65;7Bailding Stone, Brick, Cement; etc., 836,605,^42;.making ils MineralS��
: Production to the end of,1922 show.- V   -.   '���-���,.���' '-'" '777-.'- VvVv;WV
"- The-joining Laws of this Province are more^liberal, and, the'fees lowerf
���than those df anyother- Province in the Dominion, or any Colony iri >he7 British!
'Empire. ���-..    - X''X     :.  ~.,    [.-._��� X-Xy     ..- .'���   '   '-;-:������'' X'-XX. V X
-"-'- ^Ineral locations are granted to discoverers fprinGmiinalfees^
Absolute  Titles are  obtained,by developing Bach? properties, the'secaritr
of which is guaranteed by Crown .Grants. V
Full information, together with Mining:Reports and Maps, may be obtained-
gratis by.addressing��� " ��� .  -.
VICTORIA. British Colambli
^i ��� '-
_j.^ ^^_ <"
!*_E^:ffi��kMC3aff^��B��[H!tf*aSTOKa^^ ^asaa^wwaa'^qpag^r^iiet^^-a^i^^


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