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The Ledge Feb 15, 1923

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Array -a     C   --'���
^T^nc^rTtibrary7  \    [ "���'    -;i? . i T';i
ya /.j
Vol.   XXIX.
We carry a large line ol
Hardware, House Furnishings, Etc.
Inspect our stock  ...
No. 30
Arouiid Home
X-x.., .ff
Bog taxes are due.
Herbert Holmes, of Beaverdell.
spent Sunday in the city,
1       T.. M. GULLEY & CO.
2____!___. ��"*���"*
In Bulk
25c. per lb.
I W. Elson & Co a
IjLEE & BRYAN Phone 46
llonni mi^^
Watchmaker, Jeweler and Optician
No More
Chapped Hands or Rough Skin
This can be accomplished by using the right kind of Soap
Vinola Round Bath  and Vinola Winsome
are the two most suitable for the hard waters of this district    |
Try Them
Real Estate   (Licensed)
Insurance. Fire, Life. Accident.
Sickness. &c.
Stoves   and   heated   pipes   cause
many fires
A.small premium will protect your
bouse and furniture
Call at my Office Copper Street
i X  XGREENWOObf,  S.76. X X
7.    . The' WINDSOR. HOTEL '-��� is ".heated;- WitbV st^am ..
-' aiid electricity;";. Fine.sample", rooms; '  A'cpmlo'rt-
V.    .    .able home"'for tourists'   and .tra-yeHers.' ���': Touch/the -   -'.-'-
, :. wVire   ify����   lA'aiit  room's "reserved.., ".The'biiffet is; W 7-
."'..'       replete'-"with-:cigars;.' cigarettes,',.tooling,- beverages,"   7.
"--.,-.   "-",���  .   -"-'���   buttermilk and ice-cream."     .--.  .;'7 .". '--
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge
,    Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw. B. A.
���   ���' ��� .* y.
Services, Sunday. Fefc 18th "
Midway, 2.30 B.ffl.
Greenwood, 7.30 p.m.
@r@eimood Theatre
Gray & Clerf. Props. ""������'���
Commencing at 8.15 p.m.
Katherine MacDonald'"Pictures. Co'rp'n
'���X:X-.'X~   presents.- -..   ".'^V'
Katherine MacDonald
V"W-  ".--���     '���������   ��� <>inV:,7   "77   '"'Xy':
The-key. to- the -heart, of. a woman  who'
������ married in haste but^didn't repent';
Such Toniance, such-mystery, such.superb"
artistry ��� as".. to' raise". this, photoplay"- to
perfection.     ---"        .',. - ".   '   '���.'-���'.
- nr'juXi-xtumawmsa
iv^They; W&x&$&��&#ixte* XX.
ADULTS. 50c.      -.     CHILDREN 25c,
We carry only the best stock procurable in
$Ip ......
:-|-":  ..��� Beef,,-. -fed, ��� Po%  Ha��% :%^,vfetfr|xW^iXxXym
7V7W .���.-iV^'^Vitri^:^ ^'xxxxM
:)X For Sale or Rent V w:
V Ksnch on'any reasonable terms,
with or vyithout ��tock. and  implements..   Apply   VW"" ''.'.'.   "-.yXx
������-���'     V: -��� "yx 'xX 'Wmi'v Jenks, V
7    ...... ,.    Greenwood.
Br. Q. M. Graves, Dentist, will
be iu Ferry, .Wash., the .first 8
days of each .raciuth-until  further.
notice,-' ���. ���''-.-.     ;.".-" "-V7V - ' "- ��� '"
D. R.NMcElmon is recuperating
at Mrs. Fleming's hospital..
Most of the ice-houses. have
been filled with good clear ice.
Mrs. .Stapletou, of Midway,
spent the week-end with Mrs. W.
H. Docksteader.
Watch forjthe Pythian Sister
Card Party^and Dance on March
loth.    Werner's orchestra.
G. A. Rendell, of Penticton,
was shaking hands with his many
Greenwood friends on Tuesday.
Gash paid/lor hides at Brown's
Neil Robinson took a paraletic
stroke on Sunday. He was taken
to the Grand; Forks hospital on
The town cats seem to be
greatly reduced iti numbers,
whether by disease or poison, and
the rats are unrestrained."
Dr. H. E. Griffin, of Spokane,
formerly of 'Phoenix, has taken
over the practice of Dr. h. F.
Tepoorten, at Grand Forks.
Mrs. L. C. - Terhune, of Tran-
quille, arrived In the city on
Sunday having been called here
owing to the illness of her son,
Bruce.     ���
Ed. Rippeto has moved into
Chas. King.V house on Long
Lake street,; after spending the
winter at the' Steeve rarich. Main
Kettle river.
Evening'service in St. Jude's
nest Sunday at 7,30 o'clock.
The annual meeting of the congregation will be. held immediately after the service.
Mr. and Mrs. P. E. Crane and
son Walton left this morning 76n
a''holiday trip to Spokane....On
their return they will reside at
the Bell.mirie, Beaverdell,; W
; Things.are going- well,in the'
school. There is no. reason why
they should not'runV smoothly: all
the time.' Harmony and sweet
rivalry in the race for knowledge
is good to see.  7       7.      -;';. .--;-.
" E. J< Chambers, [Judge .of the
Court of Revision, and Appeal,
and S. .Tv Lars.en, ^Assessor, of
Penticton, held a. sitting- of the
Court in Greenwood on Tuesday,
-FebVlSV--^   -���>- -:y-[y , ��� y [y '���- -"���:i
The rooster .is' essentially.. a
country bird. .The town rooster
cannot crow, HkeVthe rooster, on
the '-farm;" This, bird must. have,
lots of room and--fresh air if he is
to reach, a. high .standard." of
strutting. '        . -;'���      '���- ;";'"";""    -.'
��� The Minstrel' Concert .-will ���: be
held in;Greeawbod.on 'March 9th
Excitement Ran High
The Hockey and Broom-Ball
games at the Skating rink last
Friday night drew a good crowd
and there was great excitement
and    keen   enthusiasm    shown.
I Curling
Two rinks from here took in the
Boundary Bonspeil at Grand Forks
last Friday and Saturday. While
Greenwood did not bring back any
of the silverware, etill  they made
1 he rafters fairly shook with the J a      good      showing,     Goodeve's
shouts and cheers of the spectators, many comical incidents
occuring. The preliminary game
was between a combined. hockey
teams of Scouts and Cubs. It
was a clean game, manfully played and occupied two periods of 15
minutes each. The Cub team
won by a score of 1-0.
o Lineup
Cubs Position Scouts
Harry Hallstrom Gordon Jenks
John Kerr George Morrison
Juan Puddy John McDonell-
Percy Fraser .Allen Fxaser
Dan Kerr John Putzel
Leo Madden Edward Johnson
William Walmsley Jess Puddy
The big attraction, however,
was the broom-ball game between
the Amazons and Benedicts and
during the whole of the three
periods the spectators were kept
in one continual roar of laughter.
The benedicts had the best of the
play winning by a score of 4 to 2,
but, womanlike, the Amazons are
not satisfied and would like another game. Geo. Clerf was an
impartial referee for both games.
Amazons Position Benedicts
Daisy Axam Chief Fraser
���s-   Goal 7
E. A. Olson T. Jenkin
Mabel Axam...77...; .R. Forshaw
Priscilla Kerr ...W. B. Fleming
Mrs. G. VV. A. Smith ..'. \V. Jenks
Mrs. C. Nichols ....." , Jas. Muir
Ethel Fraser ���,..���,..-..,... .......Jas. Kerr
Georgina Lee     -   Sub.
rink being in the final for the
Mayor's cup and semi-final
forthe Hodges cup. The visiting
rinks had a splendid time, hot-
dogs, hot-coffee and cake being
served at the rink all day, besides
they were royally entertained by
Grand Forks enthusiasts. The
Greenwood rinks were: A. N".
Mowat, G. Randall, I. Crawford,
J. H. Goodeve, skip. C. Carlson,
K. C. Taylor, G. S. Walters, W.
Walmsley, skip.
A. N. Docketeader's rink won
the Warren cup in the final game
against P. H. McCurrach's rink.
Many spectators were ouf to witness tbis exciting game.
The feature this year at the
Curling rink is the many ladies
who come every night to watch the
curlers and who-take just as much
interest in the game as some of the
The Ross cup is now being played
for. In this competition the rinks
are reversed, the lead sfc ipso
Jack Paul Mining Co.
Midway News
The thermometer; registered 30
below zero on Tuesday morning...
Mrs. . W.' 7B.7 Stewart -returned
from Grand Forks on Monday,!
much improved in health. ; V
- Mr. and Mrs. Joe Richter left
for: Spokane last week, on account
of the illness of .Miss, Jean. Richter.
The childrens sleighing party,
arranged by Mrs. ./Macklin, .was
postponed on account of 6he grippe
epidemic.  ='..'��� W- X ���'-,'[     W
- Mrs, .j; -MelvilleV'arrivad" from
Osoyoos on Monday to l6ok after
Mr. and Mrs. Bob Evans, who are
ill with the.grippe.   . * -
under tne.auspices of the.skating
rink7c6.mmi.ttee.... Rehearsals
... - !/l
Proprietor if
the Next Issue of the
Closes on March 1st, 1923
If your are contemplating taking new service, or making any change .
in or additions to .your present service, you shonid send notification  in'.
Writingi noi later than the above date, in order that yon may fake advantage
of the. ueis. "directory listings.'-  '.-       7        .:. "V/"-<., ���'.'--������">���:-" * .'.-"".   "���
7. ''My; Lady's Latchkey,.' '
. Thomas Jefferson,, who appears
with Katherine.MacDonald iu "My
-Lady's Latchkey,-" the feature
attraction at the. Greenwood
Theatre on Saturday, Feb. 17, was
impor&uaed.by his son to tell him
a short story as he was hurrying
off to the studio. . "Weil," he &aid
| as he donned his hat and. coat,
"it's the shortest, story in the
world, and: it'_s about the new
balloon you destroyed and the
naughty pin. "Shoot," said the
boy, settling himself for a detailed
account. : "Pop," eaid Mr. Jefferson aa he dove, throcgh the door.
''Retak*,-. Retake*". shonted "the
quick-witted ;,7boy who is ..well
versedV,in.7.the langaaga "of. .his
father's, profession, .."get me '--.another balloon;.?W X-'X X '��� W.WV
beingVheld two and three .nights
a'week and things are shaping^
up'.nicelyV-.'.-_. .--���:;.',"
The.storing of ice is Important
in this commiimty. 'so we"7areal-
ways glad when the ice. houses
are full, Besides its a good; deal
niore comfortable keeping house
in , summer when everyone has
plenty "of ice. ; .^Housekeepers
could do without, .if: of course, just
as they could do without icecream, or lemonade, or dainties
of various-kinds biit everyone can
do a little better with them.
Would another: war help the
farmers? Nobody wants another
war, no one is praying for it.
There is a notion ih the back of
the heads of people that a war
would increase the price bf farm
products. .The betterment would
have.to-come through the increase in the buying of food stuffs
throughout Europe and in Britain. .But. none, of the countries
in continental.Europe are able to
buy, )Neither, indeed" is7Britain
unless she v sells something) ���. to
inake:the;j>ayment. ". WWV7W
Friday the 9th inst;.Harry
Borders', was agreeably surprised
by about "tt irty of -his friends.
Dancing and cards were indulged
iii. Music was supplied by W.. G.
Moll, Mrs. Biggin, H. Borders and
Mrs. Pannell,; Supper Twas served
at midnight and dancing was continued till..= 2. o'clock, . when, the
party dispersed.      ",.    X X    ',
Grauby "takes byer Canada
;;V"'," 7 Copper Go. 7    / :.-"
." A special,dispatchVtp theTVan-
coiiyer Province says; ^���. At - a
meeting of; shareholders -""of. the
Granby, Consolidated Alihing-.
Smelting & Power Co., held in
New York on Feb.. 8th, the proposal to issue 250,000 more shares
doubling capital "stock; of the
company was ratified.
The additional stock is being
issued for the purpose of acquiring the mine and mill of the Canada Copper Corporation at Princeton, Cfranby has agreed to exchange 155,000 of the new shares
worth approximately $3,750,000
at present stock market, valuations,.for the properties of the
Canada. Copper Corporation. .. It
is not the intention of the Granby
management to issue the; other
j95,'000 shares at present/ ;  '���';���������-7--.;
- ,-Thie 7.Granby '- .nqw'7"'owris.7'the'
.Greenwood Smelter;, site, Mother
TDode .and; 6"ther.: local .properties.
The Riverside mine, a long
abandoned property near Rock
Creek, in which O. Lofstad of this
city is interested, shows indications
of developing into a prodacing
mine. Good values have been
discovered beyond fault area, a
stumbling block heretofore. " A
series of mill tests have been made,
and the results are stated to be
satisfactory. :    .
-In-1921 the Jack-Paul -Mining
Company, a Washington corporation, was incorporated to run the
mine, with a capitalization of 500,-
000 shares, par value 25 cents,'
After.paying ont 7175,000 shares for
title to the property, and disposing
of; some. 25,000 shares Vto. raise
money. for preliminary development, there remains in the treasury some. 300,000. shares.
'[������ "Present plans: are Vto -proceed
conservatively, with .a view to
placing the property in. a position
to'ship high 'grade ore fairly regularly, and develop an adequate
tonnage of milling material," says
the Mining Truth. . "Paul Nelson
is mine manager, and Frederic
Keffer,-. M.E.,- former 7co.nsulting
engineer 7 and mine manager of
the .Canada Copper's, large mining
and smelting operations, and one
of the best known mining engineers
and esecutivea of- the Northwest,
is consulting engineer. V.Mr. Keffer
also fills the office . of. treasurer of
the company,;while Andrew Jackson."', is"-- secretary.- ..." Milton A.
Lehner, Spokane, is president of
the-compaoy.7 ."'. - 7" ;...- ���
When  the Jack  Paul. Co. took
'over the property,  there.was but
one   disturbing .'feature- to   the
proposition    and; .that  .was   the
occurrence, of faults in jSTos. 1  and
2 tunnels,  ; The early day = owners
made no . attempt7to.; find the- ore
beyond .the .faulting .area.      As
stated, before,  the  ore..has   been
picked up beyond the fault."
'-"'" Mr. KeSer,   who  is. noted for a
strong leaning to the. conservative
side  in all  his mine .reports,   in a
final ��� summary X- -states:    ' "It   is.
e.vident: from this report, ther property has hot passed much  beyond
the prospect stage,  and cannot be
classed as a developed  mine.    But
with careful and  capable management I regard the chances  for the
property to develop into a valuable
mine as unusually bright."
Kettle Valley Notes *
Major and Mrs. Davies moved
into their new house last Wednesday.
Mrs. W. H. N. Glossop gave a
large dinner party last Saturday
evening. ��
, Miss Dorothy Debney spent the
week at Midway the guest of
Mr. and Mrs. Birch.
Mr. and Mrs. Beavan Gane and
family returned home on Sunday
after spending a very pleasant
week the guest of Mrs. M. E.
The Sunday School scholars
are having a party in the School
on Friday afternoon from 5.30 to
7. Mothers please bring refreshments.
Don't forget the Card Party
and Dance in-the Kettle Valley
School on Saturday, Feb. 17 at
8 p. m. sharp. Admission 50c.
including supper. Mrs. E. P.
Rock has very kindly loaned her
piano for the Dance. Everybody
welcome.       ��
Many from the Valley attended
the Card Party last Friday in the
Co-Operative Hall, Rock Creek.
The first prize was awarded to
Mrs. Beavan Gane, first gents to
H. Whiting, while the lady's
booby went to Mrs. H. Whiting
and the gents booby to George
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Wels'tead
gave a large children's party last
Saturday afternon. Mrs. Beavan
Gane and T. N. Walker took two
sleigh loads of children from the ���
Valley. The sound of the sleigh
bells and the childrens happy
voices singing told one that they
were thoroughly enjoying their
outing. The afternoon was
spent in play&pg games and eating goodies. -      c-
Gen* MeRae will Speak in
Rock Creek & Greenwood
.:' As provisionally arranged Gea-
6ral McKae,, of Vancouver, Mr,
Stewart, of". Nicola, V. and .other
speakers will address public meetings at Rock Creek, 3 p.m., March
1st -.and 78 p.m., "March 1st at
Greenwood,' to explain the aims
and objects of the new... Provincial
W. M. S. Auxiliary
The work of the Woman's Missionary Society of the Presbyterian
Church in Canada was presented
by the Field Secretary, Misa E���
Mitchell, in both the Midway and
Greenwood churches on Sunday
with : the pleasing 'result of an
auxiliary being organized at Greenwood and an associate society at'
" The   encouraging   part   of   the
work was shown  by the response
of those to whom the missionaries "
have gone with the gospel message,
-Where -- womanhood- - has     been"
elevated,  childhood. glorified   and
countries transformed, proving the
power of God to salvation to every
man and nation that accepts.
- The policy  of" the   W.   M,   S.
in   -Canada   has     been     hospital
work as an entrance, educational
work as a  base   and   evangelism
aa an end  and   are   finding that
through      these     channels,     the
problem    of     the   newcomer    is
being   solved,    especially " in   the
educational     work    among     the
children in our school-homes.
From theBe have gone boys and
girls' who . today are teachers,
nurses, ministers and at least two
have gone to the foreign fields.
Others have returned to the colonies of their own.people to impart"-to7
them 6ome of the power that has.
come into their own. lives.'
Christ is the'7'need of^ the .world
today   and" Canon   Scott' in ' his /.
beautiful "verse.has ahown7 us the.
only  way :for Him   to'., be   made
known:" -
"The world's, great-heart is achiiig, :- :. ,..��� >
' And God alone can bearitV   ',-   .;,;' -.'
And God-alone give light, .-- ;'. - - y
And tlie ones to bear the message'-'"-. -'
v And take the-living- word; . ",  .
Are you and I my brothers.;' V   '.."- '.
And the millions who have heard."-   "
The   following   are;'the   .office :
bearers of Greenwood -.AcziliarjW .
President, Mrs. H. McCnteheor?;;
Vice-Pres., Mrs. P. E. MeCurrash; -....
Secretary, -Mrs. O;  W.VAVStaitb.
Treasurer, Mrs.   M.  Asato; Mess-7
enger Secretary, Mrs. T. ELinsman:  V
Strsngers Secretary, Mrs.-..- W. . B..
Walkinshaw; Some VHelpers?, Mrs. -
Jas.- Kerr, THE     LEDGE,     GREEK WOOB.    BV    0.
Alberta's Products Money Due Britain
Equals Bebt To U. S.
Grain Is Not Only Crop Which Spells
In addition to the grain crop which
Central Alberta has harvested this
year, and which spells prosperity for
the Edmonton district in particular,
there aro two other crops that must |tai* rai.Sllt Prove rather a curse than
Chancellor Says Reparations May Not
Be Blessing to Empire.
Payment by Germany of the reparation debt to Great Britain and repayment or the war loans from Groat Bri
be taken into account in any summary of the province's agricultural
Alberta's potato yield this year is
re-ported at about 8,000 carloads. The
Edmonton district ia tbe centre of ihis
kind of farming, aud under the auspices of the new co-opera live marketing scheni-j that is now being tried
out, it is' expected that the potato
growers hereabouts will this year receive better avcraee returns for their
crop than in any previous season.
The f'uality of the crop has also been
first-clas*, an improvement in this rc-
pnect being .hown from year to year,
and particularly in flic v.'ny of standardized varieties.
he dairy
been recognized ihat ihis is a preeminently {rood dairying country, and
the high reputation in which Alberta
butter, for instance, is now regarded
all over Canada, and even beyoud Canada, is proof that ihe industry fits the
natural conditions of th.e province.
During the present year Edmonton
butter has won many prizes at
exhibitions all the way i'rom Victoria
to Ottawa, while iu tho educational
scoring test by the Dominion Department of Agriculture, first place was
taken by some of this same butter.
Tlie  d:rirv  products  of  Central  Alive another of the main farm
i'or several years past if has
Days Of Sockeye
Are Numbered
Few Fish Remain of Vast Horde That
Formerly Swarmed.
"The number of sockeye salmon
that reached the head waters of the
Fraser River basin this year was less
than last year and much less than
four years ago, the brood-year of this
year's run.
"In consequence there can be little
return from this year's spawning.
The great run of former big years has
been almost entirely destroyed. The
remnant  of the  great run  does not
"now exceed that of the lean years.
"Few fish remain of that vast
horde that formerly swarmed in the
Fraser every fourth year.
"The run of sockeye that produced
a pack of 1,500,000 cases in 1909,
2,400,000 cases in 1913, and 560,000
cases in 1917, this year produced less
than 150,000 cases and few fish escaped capture and spawned."
The foregoing is .the substance, of
the' report m'ade.'Ho;lhci.H.on" '-William
Sloan,   .Corn.mi. sionC^'of. Fisheries' of
. British ;*Ccilumbin.  by Vhi's    assistant;
��� jqhn - P. liab'eo.ck-,' who has.   just V returned..from |t'. three weeks'; inspection
' bf'The -spawning, area' "of -the-.-Upp'er-.
VniinidnVChicf lnsi\ector"oV:Fisheries'
.for-the province:.-; ������'.  7'-:V' .-"   -���-"
a blessing, said Reginald McKenna,
former chancellor of the exchequer of
Great Britain, iu an address before tlio
Commercial Club of Chicago.
"We lose vnoro in our country by
tho existence of 2,000,000 unemployed," Mr. McKenna said, "than we
shall ever get in value from the German reparations over a period of 30
years. I would rather see our people employed and producing wealth
than receiving a dribble of wealth
from Germany at ihe cost of being
"And what I say of ourselves is
true in a lesser degree of tho United
States. When I see these things 1
really begin to doubt whether it is
for the benefit of the United Kingdom that these reparations should
be paid; and whether the debts of the
allies to us might not, if they wero
paid, prove rather u curse than a
The net war debt due Great Britain
exactly centals the amount that Great
Britain owes tlie U.S., he said.
Feeding" Sheep By Airplane"
The University of Alberta
in New South
Isolated by Flood,
During the recent floods, novel use
was made of tho aeroplane, near
Moree, New South Wales. Four thousand four hundred sheep had been isolated on a small ridge about live acres
in extent. At the end of a month
of flood waters still cut off all approach by land, and as ihe pasture
was practically exhausted 1,000 of the
sheep died from starvation. It was
impossible to transport food to the
survivors by boat, as the Gwydir River extended for miles on all sides, and
the current swept everything before it.
As a last resort tlie owner of the station engaged an Avro aeroplane to
carry maize to the animale. The
pilot had difficulty in finding a suitable landing place, but succeeded at
last, and repeated the feat five times
in one day, as only a small quantit.
of maize could be carried on each trip. Provi"1D-
Had it not been for .the food thus
carried, the remainedr of the flock
would have perished.
Oilfields In Canada
���"New Judge'Tries;,'. ���."-
V 7 7 W "VWy.-v Unique
��� -No; Witnesses' W.eYe Brought Forward
;...    .'���-..'-"to .Give EyTdence.   -  ;.-."
- Justice:II. if... Mowat,, of Toronto, the"
- neAvly-appoiht'ed judge,.of- the S upreme
���' Court of; Ontario, began his- career aa
7"a. Supreme Court judge.when- he-eon-
." ducted,the fall'assizes at. Wopdstock.
I'neidenlally,--the"- lone- case -which, lie
��� had to -try, -turned-'out .to .be.,'without
.' a parallel "in" the.- legal, history' of the
"province, and .without a..parallel with-
:.. in the. knowledge'".bf'tlie legal, profes.
-sion.-, -' ;���'. "'."-.'-'.,������".���.'-'. ���."..'V... ���"
'-. ;���'-Tlie.;case.-was .the''��20,000- .libel ac-
L~ tion-- .by :-Homer-D.- -Neely. barrister,'
- -'bf Woodstock, versns:.Sehtinp_ Review.
1' Publishing Company; and the.,unique"
��� feature about--it -was that.'not a-single
witness-.was brought" forward to'.give
, evidence on.either side,'the-case"Test;
ing entirely-' URqn7thc;7plca'VoF."consu'l-
��� to the-jury;-���"'--     '���".-. .-."-   .. "-..,    ."-���."��� ...
��� ;f-he:-. present;.!ti'OTrof .the case hinged,
- entirely- upon-the' '-interpretation -.of.
; points,.of -law .a'nd'.iiu-i'lie Vend ihe'jury.
'-"brought iii; a verdict' in favor of 'the;
���- plaintiff without, damage;.,-'-.and; a rcY
, commendation that .'the. hosts'-be: paid".
. r by- th.e."'defendant.' -".' ���  '���.- ,y  V   '. . _-
.' Sodium Sulphate-Deposit' Nea.r.'Cabri.
' ;���' .Claims" are; being staked af -...'sodium
-sulphate,' -deposit,-, 9,' .miles' south or
'C.abri'.in the;Snake'hold area7aud large
. -samples have-been' sent .by" pariies'.in-
"<ere'St.ed to Denver for.-'tesf'ing.'ncoord-.
ing .to'-T.. M.. M.dlory,.;" Commissioner
Bureau;'of Labor and .'Industries," Saskatchewan"".- -" Tlie depart in (fut "is-send-
7 ing' E. B/Websier; mining engineer;
-to ascertain theJextent" "and purity of
���this deposit.
May Make-Country Dominating Factor
In World Affairs.
Of   what    far-reaching importance,
therefore,,are;new .oilfields? ;".it. CaiK
adaV-possesses"these, ,she"--Vuay become.
a;dominating factor in world 'affaris".
She-, may-become,'the cockpit of future,
international; - wars V '.unless . earnest
steps are taken to avoid them.   .But
over-optimistic."conclusions, regarding
Canada's "oil. deposits should; be .with-.
hold .Until, more."' authentic information;
is available; /, During tlio present sea-;,
sona.large-portion of, the staff of ihe'
geological s.iirvey'7bf'the,.'Dominion at.
Otawa has.'been working in'the .Mac;
keiiKie district,-and- a-. -~considerable
amdunl bf-mapping has. already.-been
completed.     Tlie maps andreport'sof
the, geologists, wiil be eagerly'await-,
ed.;   Not until, these are made knbwit-
will. prophecies regarding the'northern
oilfields ;be. safe'- or-, justifiable,���The-
Ottawa Citizen-.-���
'.'TaxesIn Italy'
w-a=- not familiar
; .7'Somebody
'���' -The new.���-���_guar(
.Vwiih a- certa.in,sta"tion:in'.Wales- Came
"a Station -which-rejoiced* in-'the..name
. "Lianfairfeclvanpwllg'pgeryclL'V'-VFor-' 7.a
-. few minute^ he sto'od-.-lpokihg^at-'.'the.
signboard in inute.V'V-h'elide^snqss:
:,7i��Jien; .pointing, to vtie-'beatij.jaatf^^
:-,:;|hg. Ms istiifer -^t^JJo^at^'V^lif^a^.
77liia|efe 'h.s^^^4)yWrX^��SX^V^M
VfSsFff for-'bete,. ibis- is ityXyXXXyXX
Visitors    Have    to.   Pay 7. Extra
��� ���>.; Travelling on Sunday.; ;'.
- "The"visitor,.to Italy",- no matter how
brief .his."stay, is Tandy.Jieayiljr- taxed,
says- .a," "wandering"' correspondent.
There is^-lo-iier cent."addition"to..his
hot'eTbill.Tii placebo, tipsi; which have,
really been.- abolished; ;-and' following,
tliat; .come a luxury "tai; varying" with
the luxuriousnes's of. the. hotel; anpilier
for' war.- widqw.s'Vmd"- orphans,- and "a
tourist ;ta,x. 77 These" are all added-to
the-hotel:.bill, arid;.increase ILby'rather .Vmor.e -than -20 -"per7cent.7" 'Another
.ti!V.-'e'xisfs'7which,'.',.in" one case :oift', of-
seven; the tourist' may. pay. "" While
tr.iveIliiif.Vby traiii tiie other'day I was
"infoiTiied .by -the' conductor 1'haTIiniis.t
.pay. a- ��u.Pl!h''ine'n.t'.of-. something, like'.
-I-is. G'd, ��� I asked.'flic reason why and'
the .-reply"' wav,'."I''pi':-'U*;'��vf.-llinjr on." a".
'Sunday!",.";.   y-.X.-   -:X'.-'���,'  .,'.1 '.���:.--;,
.: Base Deceiver.; ���... ".; "...
���/"Timothy," .said., Mrs.-.Toddleliu'ry.
stcrnly,. - 'i'yaii   -an)-"-- hid ing.'something;
from irie.'-' ''��� X'  , "'"/���'" ..-���*. V"   '
. "Why,- my dear," faltered her .liys-
.i��;ihd. "how-can "you say'that?"   ���    V
"No evasions, Timothy.     'Out witli
it.     What have you been doing?"
,   "Why, my dear, if you must know.
I���the trolley car   conductor   neglected to collect my fare,-and���"
"Yc-s, yes. What did you do with
the money?"
"I know I should, have brought it
straight home to you, dear; but it
was-siK-iT a warm day, and I. didn't
think you'd know, so I~J spent it ror
The establishment of the University
of Alberta in Edmonton has brought
about a great intellectual stimulus in
the west where there are in the youth
of the 2��'ovince wonderful potenlall-
ties for national efficiency and good
citizenship. At the primary session
of tlie Legislature of Alberta in 190C,
an act was passed creating tljc University of Alberta and in 1908 the first,
president entered upon his duties with
sessions beginning in September of
that year.
The site of the University on the
high banks of the Saskatchewan in
South Edmonton comprises 258
acres, while there is also a farm of
300 acres. Five hundred acres are
under cultivation iu addition to those
covered by buildings. The institution is financed by the Government
aud the expenditure to date exceeds
three and one-half million dollars.
There are three commodious residential buildings���Athabasca Hall,
Assiniboia Hall and Pembina Hall,
residential accommodation
for four hundred students. The main
reaching building is a handsome
structure of neo-classic style and
was opened for classes in the fall of
1915. The new medical building
which will be completed for the
opening of the fall session, ranks as
one of the finest in Canada. It forms
the southern part of a quadrangle
of University.,_buildings, and is.' iu-
architectural;harmony -.witli 'the' other
structures. . -In .addition, to. accphimo-
-dating the .department ������ of-7 chemistry;
it confaiits laboratories for'the department of: anatomy,".physiology, pathology, and "public: health. .'There arc
two lecture, halls, in' V theatre form;
with ;a- capacity 'of' two "hundred students'.'.each': ""- Twenty-five '���'- thousand
dollars,-, representing .the- "interest oil
half 7a. million, lias bcen'made'Vayail-
able for- the medical���; faculty by, the
il) The Main Teaching Building of the Alberta University.
,2) The Engineering Building, in rear of the Main Building^
lloclcfeller Foundation, for the promotion of better medical training in the
United State's and Canada.
Dr. II. M. Tory, M.A., is president
of the University; W. A. 11. Kerr,
M.A., is Dean of the Faculty of Arts
and Sciences; IU. A. Howes, U.S.A., is
Dean of the Faculty of .Agriculture;
and Dr. A. C. Ilankin is Dean of the-4
Faculty of Medicine.
The University has achieved the
important function of reaching in its
educational work, the people of the
province at large through extension
work. There is a special secretary
for this department who promotes
lecture courses throughout the province, a Press Bulletin, a system of
travelling libraries and a bureau for
information for literary clubs, debating societies and such organizations.
One important work was a series of
discussions before various audience.1.,
in the, province,-on the social problems
t^f^Western1 Canada1 life. - .-..",',,' ";--. -
;- The"; Scientific .'Association''has".a
definite .programme; of'[economic reV
'search into the," resources' of, theVprov-
ince.- -The University -farms-are. con-'
ducting -..an'-experimental'-station -for
'agricultural-research.". " 7" --. .."-,,
'.: The, library of nineteen.' thousand
volumes,.has', -a''.large- -'collection' of
books written by. Canadian authors- p"n
Canada.",and is-;located in' the-'"main
building:"-.-'_-   ''----.--:    .''".'.-,"..,,--
Under the direction of the Extension Board, the farm young people of
Alberta were given a week of work
and play at tlio University in June.
A feature of the University is the
Summer School for teachers which i.s
carrying on its ninth programme of
"Evergreen ,. and Gold," the year
book of the University, gives a resume
of the activities of the year which
are as interesting as they are broad
in scope. The Clubs include the Agriculture Club, the Pharmacy Club in
its first year, the Medical Club in its
fourth year. Literary and Musical
interests are promoted by the Literary Association, the Glee Club, Mandolin Club and the University orchestra. The Dramatic Society has established a ' reputation in Alberta.
Bernard Shaw's comedy, "You Never
Can Tell," was the spectacular production givn in the leading: cities-or
tlie.province. -:.. . .-7. -. '-���'' .7
. The "-Writers! :'Club,- whose' proT
graimiieVhas'covered'.the .various fields
of ��� literary ''��� ehdeavor.is7of;value7in
such a7yo.uhgVpr'oi'iuce'as.Alberta. - -'
.-Amateur -s'port-'hi- Western. Canadit
hiui'been developed,by "the University',
'of'.Alberta Athletics. Society-.'V T.her&
-is-a track club", soccer,' basketball,
team, rugby and hockey, and great "acb
yahep. lias heeii -made in' woman's ath-
letics:���CVG-. -.7 ' "'"-' ""'" ' ',-.'"-   'X ���-
Alberta May
Make Briquettes
Initial Steps May Be Taken In Edmonton  District.
Steps are now being taken toward
the establishment of a coal briquetting
industry in the Edmonton district and
possibly in other parts of Alberta as
well. Estimates are being obtained
at present on the cost of necessary
machinery for an initial plant, and
when approved by the advisory council of scientific research they will bc
submitted to the Government, with
a view to inclusion in the money
vctesfor the next session of thevLegis-
It is. expected that tar from the
Athabasca bituminous sands will be
used as a binder in the Edmonton
briquettes, the manufacture of which
will begin, if present plans work out,
some time next summer. Full infor-
bation as to the required plant and
working equipment will shortly be
available aud E. Stansfield, the Government's tar sand expert, is already
at work on experimental extraction
of bitumin from tlie raw material.
Slack, low grade and disintegrating
coal from various parts of the mining field will be utilized in the production of the new briquette fuel, which,
it is belierod, will open up great possibilities for the Alberta coal mining
industry. The advisory research
council will be taking further action
in the matter shortly.
Value Of Being* Polite
Makes Things Run Smoothly and Increases Efficiency.
A newspaper in Paris has organized
a politeness contest and is going to
give five thousand francs weekly to
the most polite people in France. The
rules provide for the entry of chauffeurs, cab drivers,. telephone operators, post office, railway and transport
employees, department store clerks,
policemen and the public at large.
It is going to pay to be polite in
; But the prizes contestants will receive in this case will not measure
up in value to the reward a person
receives for being'polite at any time.
Politeness increases efficiency,
makes everj'thing run more smoothly
and speeds up production. If everyone is polite, the time that is wasted
brooding over slights and insults
may be employed in.real work.���The
Vancouver Sun.
Cow Records
More -Breeders   or "."Dairy Cattle
-��� Officially.' Recording -'.'Thsi'p
VV.:"''."        ".'Animals'. V  .���:���
-A high production! average is ".essential-to. a profitable dairy-herd.. ' More
than ten - thousand cows'-.are needed.
To enable breeders to officially estab-
iishylhc reputation .'of their herds in
this respect-7-is-the .object -of; thc
Record'- of-Performance', a. report"oh
���which" ha,s-recently been- issued. ,-;Thi.s
report" shows an increase, of- 150 "Ayr.
shires' Vthat- qualified -iii-1920-21 over-
19'I9;20, an increase in'.the'same'man-,
nor, of'.-lCO i-Iolsteins,V:of .4 6' 'Jersey s,
!and of-_43S'- Shorthorns;- -"���' An '"increase
of breeders-recording"'is-also shewn;
tlfeVnum'bei'3.'"being -336 . in -i020;2T
agaiustW.T in "191^20.-" .-'-'-The' Goip'ny,
Far.ni, British -C6lumbia7-.ii.ead..'.the 'list
in. -1920-21- witli 5'/- entries;against -25.
in iff]O-20'.V'..TIic'' Ex'herimeiital Farms."
System.of the Dominion comes a.close
-second y,;uh 57"-;i-gainst""4G'.iu ��� 1919-20-.'
ThcV-pro'. incial institutions' having.'en-'
tries in" Uie "report are besides, the Colony Farm,' B.C.,-.the'.-In'stiiul.e .'of. Agri-."
-culture,' Oka.', Que.,'. 16;"- ..Hospital 'St.
.Michei-ArehangeV Que.';--!.; Ilo.spitai for.
ihe '"Insane,.Thimirion; iQiic.,; 7;- Nova-
Scotia Agricultural College,-G-;".Uh"iv.er'-.
siiy'.'.qf ..British; Columbia. C; -Kcinpt-
v'ille. Ag'riculUir'al-VSeliooi, "C)nt7,-'5; 70h\
tarib-Hospital. Brock due,.-Ont.. .���); "Ontario Agi'Iculluhil' Cqlj-oge,. Gu"elph,"4;-'
Macdbiiald College.' Que.? 3; aiid L"ni-7
v'ersity of,' Saskatchewan;'.-"!.. /The-
C.P.R.' Demons I ration* .���Farm,V"''Strath-
hiore, .'A3ber.fa,.has'-2u. ; In-accordance
with- resolutions passed -by" the Ayrshire and Holstein -Asociation's, a departure was made. in. 1920-21, a 305-
day division being created with a 400-
day calving limit. The calving requirement in the 303-day record was
eliminated. The Ayrshire breeders
also decided to term their 303-day division the Honor Roll. The report is
available at the Department of. Agri.-,
...���-,; ^yMoXx^oyQiritmyyi
���   Kcss ~'-'(^oyB,ai&i^i0^^^4M'M^^^
./get XtXX^&fsXfrpr^^^^Igbwafe
dies V^^^^^y^XXXW'iXi^M^^X^S
' B^os^nXX$i^^X^^XXXX^X0XXM^
'..; 'B(^|^fi&7^^^
,. XB'^s^����^^^^f0^S'$^0s^
Salriion Fishing' 7;
privileges Extended
Regulation j -Made' -to'Aid' Workless;
-"--."Applies Only .to" .1921-.'."Season. "","'
-��� f?ockej"'e - salmon 'fishcrrneh: iii"" British Columbia will this year'.also fish;
for other varieties of salmon owing-
to the, "serious nature .-.of-.the unemployment situation".-.- In-view., of this
desire the Government has .passed a
regulation; permitting ���* .the;.'. sockeye
salmon'-'fisliermen- to.-use their .s.ock-
eye"-nets.-.for-Ttshing-.the ..other,..varieties." X''"'.-":-."'V ; .7 "' ' ...
V This' regulation'; only applies;'to tlie
102i; salmon';.-'fishing , season.; The.
usual-" regulation ''"provides ;tliat ���_ the
five and a half inch mesh'; .net -can
only." be" ;tised for. Wishing sbekeye and
tliat the.:pthci" varieties."niii'sc be fish-
cd with ti seven -inch me'sli-net.  -' -; ���.
"'- 7 7 '.'��� -Modern .Efficiency.- -X",, ,;' ;
-' - F re'sid ent - JMei 1; I e;i'ohn,.-'-"of - Amh.cr.'. f,
said in .a'"rc.cen't address:; "Theseniod;
.er,n.:efiici"eiic:y- experts..who would-revo-'
Julionize.all.-things remind-Hie-'of.the
short hand-teacher.-. .young, ladies and
gen'tlciiien/Vsaid ���thc sho'i-tliand. teacher -in an .address to a.new-class,;'ivc
a re- told that.it- i qok ,G ray/; the famous.
English poet;.Seven" ycars-'lp.write-that
maghificeri't,poem,.-"Elegy' ^yrillen in
a,- "Country,;."Churchyard/:'-..K.ow, -,'if
Gray'had .been an adept'at, short hand
h"e.:coui'd' have written that magnificent piece in sfc.vcn/.ycs..-iri "six hiin-"
utes. -We-have "students in this col.-,
lego;-who have done it in even less,
time.'"'���Toronto 'Mail.   '. '       .'- -    -
deS^0R;:;g77iM^^^-^KM ^Bfp^y'^^n^alVtiJe^t^^
*'^-^ii---i��**;��*.'i-i^+^TiiiSi'= ������r^**.�����-j;'A.X.r.- M.pr^^0^^f.fi^fc.'C^j^
'"''     """'""'' -"���"""������' ''gcKjaBas'
Russian Official Buys Western Land,
ilr. A. Kpukelovsky, formerly a-high
ofii'cial in the- Russian diplomatic .service in the days of Imperial Russia,
has purchased- a section of land from
ihe Canadian Pacific in Alberta, and
also taken an option on another'half
section".'   It .is'-his'.intention;W locate
Japan Takes Lots Of Lumber
.Gigantic"Buildings Are Under-Erection'
- '���;. - - For Exposition.-,, .'-.-.;-'
������-The"big International Exposition.in
Japan in.1922 has -been' the .reason" for
shipping 0O;00O;000"fee't" of liimber.'frbm"'
the V.ancouver coast to the.;Nipponese7
Islands this year,     -.   '"���'-. . X ."
Gigantic building!., are ."under-, erection in -Tokyo- and as-'the ."Japanese in-.
tend to" utilise these buildings -later'
-for- stadiums/ .permanent.'exhibition's"
arid gymnasiums', they -are- building,
them-of.-exceptionally -.good material'"
and of" a good; foundation.. -. '-.- .= V-.
.-��� According to.K7Saito,;Japanese con-'
sulMn-yancouver,, the country can con-
tin he to; ship, lumbeVio7 Japan 'for. the.
"next two. years"if.'-'tho. prie'es.-are not-'
made prohibitive..' , Japairis-'badly in:
ne'ed-'or^nore'hbusesVahd otiier.cities;-
seeing.---, the - "improvements-..- recently.;
made id,Tokyo, "liayc decidedrtojinalce
siniilar alteration's,, all of :which.7call-
fpr large ''luihbci-.''shj"piiien"ts"',fronV-.thc.
Facific'-'coast'of North-'AmeVicaV-''. -
.-Hand, power lias.been .abolished."in
ihe-Ja'pan'ese sawmills' and v.iilv new,'
machinery ,'<Japaii can cut. up-the big,
squares that are'be.ing pui-cha.scd.'froni
this' ";;couhtry, - iitilizing" "'every,footof
lumber.,', much oi- whic'h- h. waste, and'
goes; to ;the. burner -jn this ;t;6nnlry.';,
'"��� ,- ' For Dehorning VCalycs.7" ..-."7.
-li'uy-stick'.causlic potash a'tVanydrug
store., lleto'reitlie .ca.l'f.is a" week-Volil
danipen ',fhe- skin over, lhe"-horn -buttons," wrap one end of the caustic with
strong paper to' -protect-the liand.ancl
-then rub it upon tlie button' until it
Is ready to bleed;- De careful tci keep
the .caustic out of ihe eyes and do
not burn skin other than that over the
-horn button,-
India Will Produce
Cheapest Steel
High  Quality of Iron, Ore  Has Been
. ������'���   - *>     .7 ,.   Found..  -;   '- -.
���Details are available.' in regard "to"
the recent registration. of -the United
Steel;C6rporafio'n-of Indiaj.witb. a..cap.
ital of"��20',Q0Q,0p6i-)-Xy X-'^'Xx-X
X'A higli'.quality'of iron ore and "ex-,
cell.ent' cooking coal; have 'been'fo'uiid-'
close- -together-/ in the provinces of.
Beha'r aiid; Orissa.. .. AsVthe "cost;'.of.
erecting "works in India is ��� considerably .below, that in other countries/it
is believed India, is capable" of: producing", tlie cheapest' steel', in the-
world..,. ! ������" "-. " -.-,' "'.,'���"'""'. .-.; '/ ,','-'
. The' plant, wliich will be'erected.byV
the;Camme!i Laird" Company,"Vill be
capable "of {producing '750,000.:.tons-of
pig -iron ;and -500,000' tons of' finished
steel.annually, V. '.-"'.'��� --    '}���-' ' X.
Passing Of     (
The Horse
Evidence Goes to Show Good Animals
Are Scarce.
When railways superseded the stage
coach and the ancient pack-jiorse, it
was said that the days of the horse
had passed. When bicycling becamo '
the rage it was also said tbe'end bf
the animal's days was approaching,
but his numbers have g&ne on increasing and his spheres of usefulness are
still many. Last year the Livestock
Branch at Ottawa discussed tho question of power with farmers, dealers,
owners, managers of cartage companies, delivery companies and Arms interested in transportation, many of
whom were using motive power, trac- .
tors or trucks, as the case might be,
as well as horses, and the consensus
of opinion backed up by cost accounting was that horsepower, is, generally
speaking, the cheapest power for farm
work, while in the cities for delivery
and cartage work within a radius of
from five to seven miles or on a loop
route, or even on a long route with
frequent stops, horses supplied the
cheapest means of transportation.
These authorities were agreed that the
day of the Wk-se has not passed and
never wuold pass in this northern
country. The difficulty, according to
them, is to find good stock. An instance is given in the report of the
Dominion Minister of Agriculture of a
city firm advertising for horses for
fire purposes and receiving no tenders.
Clean, sound draughters, weighing
from 1,60.0 pounds upwards and delivery liorses- of good conformation and
action, with clean legs, good feet and
pasterns, weighing from 1,100 to 1,400
pounds, are scarce. Horses suitable
for military and police work, choice
saddlers and hunters are to be rarely
met with. The evil of the day is indiscriminate breeding. There is less
use or call today for the scrub and
nondescript than there ever was. The
report deplores the fact that pure-bred
horses are imported which could just
as well be bred in Canada. It also
records the success of the club system under the federal assistance policy which enables any district to adopt
community breding and secure the service of a good sire at a reasonable;,fee.
/Makes New Record
V London's Night Crier
Only" One' Left- Who ' Sti11.;-Crl-esr'the:.
���"'���"- ~ ' ... .', , Hours."- .; . -.,-' y - ,
A .-party" of "tourists from the U.S;
seirig bid England'were walking "down
Iiplborn when ' they; heard a. man's
voice cry" from""tlie Vdarkriess: "Twelve���
o'clock���twelve-o'clock.'!7 TheyVwalk.
ed,on chucklingVand one of them, was
heard .to say, .-'Drunk again.";"But the
tourists .missed-",.one of tlie choicest
bits; of that.-romantic jieighbbrlio'bd--
the7niglit;crier. " ��� There- is only one
left in London; ...He'isHarry "Dykes,
watchman.in Ely' place, 7 where ; the;
chambers 'of "Sir George'-.Lewis.and.
other. c6!ebrate"d:*solicitors. and.ba'rfis-.
tei-s are-. located; 7 From- behind .th��
iron" gate.of- an.enclosure he'.slif! 'cries
tlieV hours" duringAh& nighfrsp,lhat.'.the
people", in the. houses, near the Church,
���or St. Etheldreda, ".which" dates' back-
to'the.''thirteenth century,. can hear.'
This is the only..place.-where, the old
custom still survives. . ''���"'   V'.W-
Attains Speed of Over Two Miles a
A Leoning hydro-monoplane, carrying .pilot  and   two   passengers,   flew
from Philadelphia to New York, about
eighty, miles,' in   thirty-one  minutes,
establishing- what is believed to be a.
new. speed record for aircraft of this
type.   --The quick jump,from Philadelphia'to'.New York'was incidental in a'
flight froni Port Washington, .L.I.,' to'
Aberdeen.-'.Md.,' and'return. "7  The ro>-.
turn' from. Aberdeen to Port- Washing-: ���
ton,; 188 mile's, was inado in .'.seventy.-
rainutes.    -This- time, includes" a brief
stop -made-at Philadelphia, where a'
fourth ^passenger," picked up;"at-Aberdeen,'alighted.    -Grovcr C.- Leoning,
designer of the plane, .and. one of its
passengers',r estimated that the -flight
from . Aberdeen..to .Port  Washington .
was made'.at about 161 miles an hour-
and, that tlie. jump' from-rPhiladelphia
to New.York was at the" "rate of 171'
miles an hour, or better .than'.- 2.8 mile's
a minute.--,".-..Having a top   speed   .of-
about,135 miles an hour, the inachino-
was .aided by a strong wind-through-,
out the, flight. '.'-    -���-';.���. 7"'' ..��� -".    .'���""
"Blind" Section
V-y.'.XxV.Win Post Office:
Church Finds A7dv.erti.sing Pays/ '���;
IX pays to advertise" even.the..cliurcii/.
tional ;7at'-;New.'-7York'.' sho.w; ���' V'Diiririg-
^f 7^?|ia*aii^2E^; ^7^SV^Vt^e;7yc(^ife3a7& 6Jf
[ ���-,.-       -. "BqlshevtstV Back ..Step.'     V
"While clamoring.-tp. the -.western ha--
lions.for financial aid .iri-belialf-of- the
Russian .famine;* victims", the Bolshevist! Government" at VMoscow'"has,been
detected in the- act;o.f- sending ���?L_00Q,-
000', to.;.its agents'in France,'to. be-
used for propaganda-.purposes, It's a
pleasant arrangement "which- the Bolshevists would make with the "'capitalist nations"���tlie latter fo feed the
starving Russians with things to eat,
and .-the, .Bolshevists .to feed the nations/- -with; revolutionary theories".���
Ilamiltpny;Heraid.7;'7^7 .:.������; 77/ /";
V-''".; '���;-.Origin.-Of "!Vlbon-Eyed;"''-;/>-.V'i.,
vanceci: stage'Vof ;intoxfeat|oiiV.had;it|i
origin. in7 India Vwimre;^^eert^in/:-Tai:-;
jetyvi ofdrinlVMiikbd .i^T^ees^redciers;
tiseS 0 ^.dUrihgT^M /jt*6? ipti/^TtiiSttVVt M
pioga. |s Vsldi^i^';��
' in0ia.Sfi&;;;Wr^
Letters' Obscurely. Addressed- Sent to .
���'This Department for Correction. -
..""Few"" people- areV'awarb V that'   the."
po'st office has'a department-called the-
"Blind, Section" to/which -all letters-;
obscurely addressed .are-sent."   .There
the addresses are .completed, or-cor-:
reeled,, and. the ....letters   .'are';,, passed
back, a-ftcr'the process,.to be handled
in  the.,-"o"rdinaiy-Vway.' - -The -sorters.'
employed-in'the-.''Blind Section" be:.-
long,to the highest grade. '.-They have;
long service' and . considerable -; geographical--Iniowledge,  "anil -can'. frequently, fill-.in." the "gap's" .in addresses-
without (Using, Va book'.- of -  reference.'
Some of the sorters in. the."Blind. Sec-'
tion'- may.have 1'50'-letters.'to'dbal-.wilh -
In-a'day.-  .-"No extra, charge-is; made/"
.by .tlie G.P.O. for'this-detective-work.'
.Af. one; lime "there.w.is a - craze Vj'br,.
sending,xorrcspcindenco thro.iigh.tlie
post with/an address that, was calculated- to. confuse aiid.-. bewilder."the
postman:"-' "An example" of this .sort, of ���
humor- was .provided recently, in the
sliape of a. cork-"witlia, certain "name
and  a stamp' upon  it and -nothing-
more.     The article was-duly delivered to the addressee,   who.   lived.   in-
Cork.    Lady-Day,- the wife of Mr. Justice Day, .received a Tetter addressed
to her in the name "of "March 25," and
another whose name appeared on the
envelope thus: "abcdefghijk'lmnopqrs-
tuvwxyz.'.' -: Tie was Mr. Noel.
; >VT^gi@^mpi^^|^Ifflt^
', " -1 !
y y
PMlipbiiie? Vttat ^h^7i^;e^;^;vtp
IS: ��HE    LEDGE,    GEEENWOODa    B.    &.
Agriculture In Canada
Has Now Readied
Status Of Profession
Among the host of people considering im-Migration to Canada and contemplating settlement upon the Dominion's fertile lands to follow the
pursuit of farming, two distinct
classes, with diametrically opposing
views, loom up noticeably. The one
comprises a great number of men who
regard farming as an occupation,
which can be followed casually without regard to study or training, the
only profession wliich requires no preliminary learning, the last resource for
the failures of oilier trades and businesses. The other is that group cf
sceptics who, going to the other extreme, believe that, having spent all
their lives in cities and urban centres,
it is impossible to enter with any hope
of success or profit upon a farming
career in the conviction that a life
training, beginning with the earliest
years, is imperative, and a constitution inured to physical hardships
necessary for what they consider tlie
highly laborious operations of the
farm. Both views, so widely divergent, are radically erroneous.
Agriculture in Canada has the status of a profession which both its high
standaid of operation and the-prime
place it occupies in national life justify. The days when land was casually
filed on and farmed without any intelligent understanding of agricultural
processes are going with the dwindling availability of the land, and
rapidly passing is the epoch of the destruction soil values, and the abandonment of farms which have been rendered unproductive. Clearer and
clearer has become "the realization
that farming is a specialized profession requiring special training, and in
the place of this spoliation there is an
intelligent system of crop rotation,
pr.ub>i'vauon of the virtue of the land,
a discovery of the nobility of the farmer's calling and a determination to
secure'and achieve the best possible
in'everything. v
"Agricultural colleges, experimental
farms, government literature, railway
propaganda, all in an appreciation of
the national benefits wliich accrue,
contribute to the education of the farmer who, if he starts out in ignorance,
speedily discovers the futility and
profitlessness of continuing in this
state. It is only of comparatively recent years that farming in Canada has
become the ��� comprehensive and exhaustive study- it, is and its tenets
been so widely absorbed, and, older
farmers who have' followed haphazard
method or "systems _ .scientifically un.
"sound ��� are", gradually forced from
. necessity into an intelligent study and
. application .of-their,profession,.
'V -A- 'census'.. of- . Ca.iuidian ;' "farniers
would.probably sho>v.."that fully' pne-
./'half-.are .hot'' farmers': sons-and were
- not brought "up to the life of the farm':
���'   Yet   none   would 7 criticize   Canada's"
- farmers ;bn The score "of poor .farming
"methods-in"general, the excellency of
-"their crops, Willi-" International; honors'
-:' and. the "universal" demand  for -."their-
-- 'livestock- products'.refuting this effe.c-
���'   tuaily.   - Significant' is it too that practically all the. farmers who. have achieved the most-signal honors at inter:
national farming   competitions   have
..'.'-not been lifelong farmers"/ but" city
''-men".who, taking.-to -tlie .land  'after
. ���"_ reaching, maturity, without .the rem'ot-.
, i est previous. knowledge of ��� agri cultur-
-': til activities,- have' through .intelligent
..study, and-  close'-application of: the
/ best, farming -methods' ."surpassed the
. Vefforts -of those -agricuUuralisls'vwlio
- have continued'doing things .on. the"
" farm in the way their fathers used "to
��� ";do them.";'/���'"���'" ; .���' '  ,,-'-" ','���'  ���- '"'���
/ t)nc_might'mention -the -Saskatche-
... wan, "Wheat,Wizard,"-Seager Wheei-
.V er, .who. "has  carried .off the ..world's
" Tvheat championship no fewer titan six
- -timesi 'The-sout.of'fisher folk in, tlie
V" south7pf .England he' spent'-his .early
.V'years", as a-bookstall, clerk" and.- his.
'""farming,' knowledgc'-Vwas. nil when.. he
��� ".-took .a western homestead.' .'The Hill
./-family of Lloydmin'ster, Alberta," which
.;.- has. carried off the-.world's oats' championship-so of teiVwcre' iilso. inexperi-
/,- 'ehced.city.'follV6f..Erigland: when "they
-.settled -iii... the- '.west. ,; Samuel Lai;
-;. combe,', of Manitoba,   who'-.won   the
��� /wheat championship .two / years- ago,'
. was also an:Englisli.'city :boy."-- .J. C.-.
7 7 Lucas; of ;Cay3eyv: Alberia, who. aliaim
... ed the intortialionaL.oat.championsiiip.
-, af "Chicago "last, year,- started .lite in
- Stratford', -Ontario, -and= when lie Took
a   western "homestead'.liad;  neither
--money nor experience.;-Old farmer.'
- ./Mayiiard,; who naii/Seager-'-Wheeler, a
close, .second" _for. -champion -'��� in   1912,
was a successful Tailor iu England be-
��� lore ihe calt of- the, land/brought him
put- to .Manitoba^ to.raise prize, wheat.'.
Frank Collicur,-the-Alberta rancher,
" whose.   Hereford    herd is.restocking
many farms  all -over  the; American
continent, was also, a city boy, and
when he made bis commencement as
an agriculturalist had only the where-
, , withal to purchase one cow, which bc:
'���,''; came, the-founder of the, huge herd of
'._.-.. pure-brfed ;.��� Herefqrds-; which:;, wander
.; V'oy e r "AViHo w- Springs7. '-���_, ftick {Tat i rige.r ,'"-
-7 ���' the-' ���Xli.erta'-.lbarley; ''champion,; 7W;h6s.e
; crop"each year leavosUheVcbiuitryat'
V    fancy-.price,/; not ;onlv"li:ia-Uie/suppQs-
- .,- cd-handicap of. a youth spent in a.-JEJol-;
':'; gian-citjvb.ut/w.is '.a.1iuufcyIlti ar.nf an.d-
' XXcapital' y.h.ich/would" have been;useful.-
'.' '���'",'Neye'rli "vleW. he-Tnaii.age;s -to" i iiii-7 the;
���:",',-' farm hiniself Vandvhaa nuid'c,;"his Vuame.
//..internationally famoUsV -.;,-��� "Xx .;/-/-
-/'V TnexperieijcedV- c.ty:"---"irien..need;not
-. '��� leai/seltin^
A Defender Of Manitoba
in Canada or anticipate any disaster
as long as they do so in the recognition pf the high standing of the occupation, and with the intent of following out its study as such, in which he
will find all assistance available.
Nothing is more foolhardy than to
commence operations without, a rudimentary knowledge of farming, and jhe is a liar. There is not a better
for this.reason men lacking cxperi- land under the sun than what it is
Better Land Under the Sun Says
The Highlander abroad is not always keen to return to the lone
shieling on the misty island. Here
are some extracts from Lord Lever-
hulme's island kingdom of Lewis. The
writer has evidently some difficulty
in expressing his thoughts in mere
English: "If you could see the crop
that is in Manitoba you would say
that you' never saw a crop before.
You were telling mo that was giving you a bad account of the place
we came to, but you can tell him that
Loss To Public Life
ence should work for a season upon a
farm before starting out for. themselves.     But granted then that a com-
here. We got a very good land. I
got a splendid ox and a good, cow
and a heifer calf, and plenty to eat
mencement is made in the right direc- of everything.     We can get tho new
tion, with the right idea and the right J potatoes already, but we had tho old
intent, there need be no apprehension
of thc success of the ultimate issue.
Famous   ' 'Black  Museum"
Scotland    Yard    Chamber    Showing
Crime   Relics  Re-opened.
The famous chamber of horrors at
Scotland Yard, the Black Museum, is
being re-opened, according to the London Daily Express. It was dismantled son after the outbreak of the war,
the room which housed tlie relics of
notorious crimes and criminals being
required for other purposes.
The Black Museum was ' formerly
one of the sights of London, and
many famous people, including
crowned heads have inspected its
grim exhibits.    -
Plaster casts of murderers' heads
adorned one of its walls and the
ropes which ended the careers of celebrated" criminals dangled from the
ceiling. The actual bath in which
"Brides in the Bath" Smith drowned
his last victim occupied a'prominent
place in one corner of The room.
The exhibit which usually attracts
the greatest interest; however, is a
message on a postcard attributed to
"Jack the Ripper," and �� received by
the'Commissioner of Police. It runs:
- "Look 'put for a double event tonight.
i���Yours truly, Jack the Ripper J' Only
a few hours after tlie postcard reached Scotland. Yard the bodies, of two
women, terribly mutilated, . were
found in Whitechapel.   -
potatoes. You was wanting me to
tell you was it difficult of getting
firewood and water. No; nothing
of the two. We have very good
water, nearly as good as the water
that is in Widow  's land.     Dear
Parents, I would wish you all out
here if you can get out.���I am, yours
truly, son, .���From    the    Glasgow
Hon. Geo.  Langley Will   Be Greatly
By the resignation of Hon. George
Langley from the Government and
from the "Saskatchewan Legislature,
public life in Canada loses one of its
most picturesque figures, says the
Calgary Herald.
Hon. George Langley illustrates in
his own life the opportunities that the
west offers to men of native ability
and ambition. He was a homesteader from London. Without
knowledge of farming, with little education, but with great gifts of energy,
industry and determination, he made
his farm a success, he studied to supplement his early sparse education,
and became one of the best-informed
men and one of the " most effective
speakers in the province of Saskatchewan.
. He has been from the beginning one
of the sturdiest supporters of the cooperative movement among farmers,
who have now chosen him as president of tho Saskatchewan Co-operative Elevator Company..
Easy Running
With Metal-Tires
Strange Method
Of Counting
Long Period Of Service
Twin Brothers Finish Half Century on
Kansas Paper.
Two brothers have spent more than
a half century on one newspaper.
Walter Withers, sixty-two years of
age, is sturdy and active as superintendent of the mailing room of the
Kansas City Journal. His tyon brother, Frank, just completing his fiftieth
year of service, is his assistant.
Fifty-three years ago Walter Withers was a newsboy, when the Journal had but 500 circulation and Kansas City was a small town.
Frank A. Marshall, editorial writer
of' the Journal, said: "Tliere is no
one now connected with the Journal
who were here when Walter and
Frank Withers entered upon their
long period of service."
- The present site of the Journal
Building was an "apple orchard when
Walter began his career.
Indians of Guiana Count*By Hand and
Four Fingers.
.The Indians of Guiana have a curious system of counting. ' They count
by the hand' and its four fingers. Thus,
when they reach five instead of saying so, they call it a "hand." -. Six is
therefore-a1 "hand and first finger,"
seven.a-'-hand and second finger.'.'.-Ten
is "two; hands;" but-twenty instead bf"
being-"four hands,""is a'"man';" Forty-
is "two -men,"'- aiid.' th'us': they go "on
by twenties.. "".Korty-sixVis expressed
as;"two" men," a- hand and 'first finger."
Men Should
V Not Walk Upright
Surgeon .Says- It.. Is Cause of Many
- . yyy.X- Afflictions. ./ .;"-/'
.,- -According .to Dr. "H." GervTs,"a-well-
known.Brighton- surgeon, tho". preval-
valenco" of verlcoso ' veins'" and.'many
other .--human-, afflictions is" the .result
of maru walking -upright" instead of going- oh .'all fours,: as it .was "origirially-
intehd'edTie should. The.-doctoT; says
further,, "I- imagine''..wo shall'.reach
the,stage -when'"we. Shall become.mere
stationary, beings,-conveyed V/hcrev'er
we wish, to go'by- mechanical i'nearis."
This will be-the lazy'era. .   -
Spaniards Ideas About Wives.
The Spaniards have'a saying that &
wife should resemble three things, and
yet differ from these same things.
First, she should be like a snail, which
always guards its house, but she
should not carry the house with her
whenever she goes' out. Second, she
should be like an echo, which speaks
only after the other is finished, but
she should not always have the last
word. : And last, she should be like
the""town clock, which always;sounds
the' hours ..with regularity,"but-she
should -not ; sound so'loud that the
whole town shall hear it. . ...   ,-;   /
Air Route Trip Risky
Amundsen Taking Chances Using Airplane to Reach Pole.
Amundsen, it is reported, will use
an airplane in an effort to reach' the
North Pole. Twenty years ago An-
dree, Strindberg and a companion
thought to make the voyage in a balloon, and started from Spitzbergen,
never-to be-heard of. The Pole was
later reached' by Peary, who walked.
The airplane can be steered, while the
balloon could only drift. It will be a
risky trip, however, though the journey will be shorter than, the crossing
of the Atlantic, which has been achieved. To come down from oyer
the frozen Polar Sea would bo more
dangerous than to drop into the ocean.
���Montreal Gazette.
British Inventor Appears to Have
Solved Problem.
During the war the scarcity of rubber in Germany led to a feverish attempt to design vehicles which would
give easy running in spite of being
fitted with metal tires. None of the
designs so produced appear to have
been successful, and wagon constructors in that and other countries are
tending to the exclusive use of solid
rubber tires and even of giant pneumatic tires in order to reduce vibration and to prevent the goods carried
in the wagon from being too severely shaken by irregularities in the
road surface. Even where rubber is
cheap, however, the wear and tear on
the tires of heavy vehicles running at
a fairly high speed is rather serious,
and there is a' distinct opening for
I hrivmgf Communities
Have Been Founded
.By New Colonists
Almost Invisible Screws
Tiny Objects Have Two Hundred and
, Sixty Threads.
The smallest screws that are made
���those that are turned out in a watch
factory���are cut from steel wire by a
machine. As the chips fall from the
knife it looks as if the operator were
simply cutting up the wire to amuse
himself, t^o screws can be seen, yet
a screw is made at every third operation. The smallest of the screws are
next to invisible; to the naked eye a
pile of them resembles dust. With
some device which would really give j a good microscope, however, you can
easy running with metal tires.     This   see that each tiny "object is a screw
difficult problem appears to have been
solved by a British inventor. The
body and frame of the vehicle he has
designed are carried on three vertical spiral springs, three to each axle,
and each axle is anchored at both
ends to brackets on the frames. The
various parts are designed so that
when theo wheels meet any road obstruction the axle Can, lo some extent, be displaced backwards as well
as upwards. This horizontal movement Is cleverly controlled by compensators which give considerable
flexibility. The mechanism is suited
to cheap standardized manufacture in
quantities, and is now being thoroughly tested under working conditions in
London and elsewhere.
Germans Lose Contract
-. . Ttaly.-Peveloplng-HydroV . V
' Hydro-electric possibilities-are' being developed, tit'a-rapid rate .in Italy;-
Eiiergy.for industrial:purposes,.while
Absorbed as'quickly as it-is. produced, is. extremely, cheap,' and .in a- few-
years, it will .be abundant .and - the
whole, country will bo-interlaced with"'
transmission- lines..-/- -'-"��� -'"" '-
Argentine State Railways Gave Order
to American Firm.
- representatives of the Baldwin
Locomotive Works and tlio Middle-
town Car Co., a subsidiary of the
Standard Steel Car Co., have signed
a joint contract with Argentine State
Railways for railroad equipment costing $13,000,000. The contract calls
for the delivery of eighty-five loconio-.
tives and 2,000 freight cars and spare
parts. The companies have accepted in payment Argentine six per cent,
treasury notes, which would mature
in five years.
The American concerns obtained
the .contract in competition with two
German corporation's.'.-'     '      Xi:'X
with no less than two hundred and
sixty threads. Those tiny screws are
four one-thousandths of an inch in
diameter, and the heads are twice as
large. An ordinary thimble would
hold a thousand of them. About a
million are made in a month. No attempt, however, is ever made to count
them. To determine the number, one
hundred of them are placed on a very
delicate balance and weighed, and
then the weight of the whole divided
by the weight of the hundred shows
how many hundreds tliere are. The
number of all the small parts of the
watch is ascertained in that way.
Insects Increase
As Birds Decrease
" "-'X.x- A Minor Drawback. ';,-'.--.,
To read, .'.'The New Republic", one
would think That the Russian .Soviet.
Government is a very successful one;
Probably-it is except for tlie trivial.de-
'tail' that"most of.-thc people seem, to.,
die of -it.~Froni"-the .Wichila Eeacon,-
Goods Roads In
Philippine Islands
Add to Pleasure of Motoring Which Is
The average person, when speaking
of Africa, thinks of diamond mines or
wild animals, Ceylon reminds us of
tea and the mention of Hawaii suggests hula-hula dtmcers. But when
talking of the Philippine Islands it is
no longer proper to picture head-
hunters and jungles, or ox-carts. and
native runners, as these customs and
methods are a thing of the past.
Manila and other leading cities
have rapidly modernized in every
way and the present day automSbile
has ^replaced the slow moving bullock
just as motorcycles have taken the
place of native dispatch runners.
The native climate/natural beauty
and good roads found everywhere in
the Philippine - Islands adds " "to -the
pleasure and 7 convenience "��� of motoring. .-.'. -Everywhere- are,to" beVfound
scenes"of rare" beauty --which Vpnly
coiiid "exist in- fairyland 'or a couhtry
lo'cated,,such as,These -Islands, .in.- a
warm climate near the .equator where
Tropical vegetatioiT'thrlves.:     ,;.' " 7.
:   Dangers that are"known.aro guide-
posts "to. "safety. V   ;.'-;- ';.;' .-'.-..-'.:--...-
Be .fair.-to your-".local-. merchants,'.
Ask to .see' his goods and;compare
prices-before -sending ."your -money-'to
the .mail-.'order houses.;. "You will'iinci,
that it-pays;  '���"'"��� .".-   .';-;; .
It's"often .unwise.for a man to..be-,
.as funny- as he caiiV;   .;-.   ".���',/-.7";
Fish Culture In Canada
���".'A Good- Citizen. - ���'" "
A recent examination/-in' the  public -schools -brought forth -The"'--follow,
ing answers:.-   '.    . - ���:';- ";. VV.
. What/is an impulse?..-'"      ".
.. .-An'impulso is-what- thVdo.c.oi"- --takes'
hold'of to sec-ifr you"are:sick.- \J[ . ���
...Name, the.vowels'.���._ i; .- -,.V-;. .'..���
. Vowels" ain't got;-no names.;, VThoy
are under"the stumich. ' V ,7 V
--What are-the-duties of ji..citizen? ..,
'���' -The,duties.,.6,f a' good "citizen is not
to, spit ott"the'.Kidewa'lk' arid.."to - hold
his/banana .peels' till hp.^iicct'a an", ash.
can.'. -;   7 '��� -V;. 7. VV'.-V-V-.VW.' "'
VName .thc-races-,o,"f .mankind..;"   '; '���
.'"Bicycle /race,   horse; race,   potato-
race,    automobile- race,--and,'",other
kinds. - 77 . -./   -.-. " \,,-  .-;'   ..- ."': , 7;
-7 What,was. Ncrb'V '���  V 7 ," -'. -.',; ;'-.'..-.
./.Nero :was   a -Roman Emperor. 7 A-
sbng.7has- be'e.n.-.written about: hitn calked,'-, "Nei'b My God -to" thee'.".".'   "
-, \
.   English'Tax on .Amusements.
��� -"For 'beating your- wife I. .will- fine i
you ��1 Is.," s,aid the judge".
.- "I don't- know that X,object To the
pound)  judge,", said    tho   .prisoner,
"but'what is the shilling for?'!'
���'���That," said tho Judge, "is  the   tax
on a'inu'scmeutsa" . , ",'���"
In a note delivered To'thoV'��mb_i.ssa--;
dors'; -.council; ".the",'.Polish' 7G'pYeninient.'
accepts; tlie/decision of., tlie .allies' concerning TUpper Silesia.,    - '-.;-   .���;;���'-':;
-7 John .Boyd Duulop, kiiown a.��>"-thc'in;;
yen'or; .of:.the", pneumatic Tire, "died.- in
Dublin,, aged7'81.-': VV7VVW -;-WW
' V;A>' New .Qr.eans - firm''is. "saidi.toy -be
t'or hides-a.,.m'obth:'-. V::.V 7VWV'���X'XX'l
7;X:ntih7 comparatively VreeenlVTiiries
the-^'Chinese were".nbtrallow^ed-'To-wear
diamonds'. ;-777-'V ;/W'7V'-";"-7/-,7'-'7
-The = advantages ��� "of ��� the ..artificial
raising" of the - fox,; bearer" and -musk-.
rat.-7-spocificali.Y. .have., been", often
pointed. out, and here, it'Is'-propbscd
to'" devote a few'-words, id., that much"
abused animal,;.ho- skuuk'V "Vl'bo fact,
thai the animal is io-be found.iu prac'-.
.-tic-ally every, '-part', of Uie- American;
c.6nltheu't, and that .'the "pelt. has. sold-
as. high 'as--,t.e'n"...dollars,;..is sufficient
io'atthiet the atteutibn. of fur "farmers
aiid..indtice;a-study.'into.the feasibility
and 'advaiilages-of- the 'industry.,   -   -
Many years, ago Ernest Thompson.
Set'on,. the well known nature writer'
and .naturalist to the Manitoba Government, advocated a more- extensive
artificial propagation of the skunk, and
himself'   operated   a. most "successful
ranch of this kind.     Because, largely
of a prejudice against the_little'animal'
and its method; .ofV.dcfense','." skunk
farming".lias'/nevcr -been-'firmly -estabr-
lishedVin"-Canada".:'sis'.an -iridu'stry although the., advantages' -"and possibilities, arc- obviously so great".".   Success
on oilier parts.,of.the American7eon-
li.rient7-and. elsewhere.'.' have/'""demonstrated .the"; feasibility of establishing
tlie'industry .firmly ;7ar.d--profitabIy..'in
the;Doni.nibn.'''7;;. "'XXS ���";'���"���': ':" 7;V-
." The skunk, is wideJy:kn'o'.yn;.over..tlre.
Canadian Dominion"inV.VcveryV-corner'
and hook" where it^can findTopd-suit.e'd,"
to h��.needs-,"-and.-no'twith-standln'g.the
fac.t /ihat/itV.is i'persist'ently.-Vhunted,.
Trapp e.d - and'-worrie'd;'!..;.' dogs,.;, i1:7c'on;:,
tinues.v't*. ihrive, and. multiply-inclose'
pro'ximit^r^;^to,���-7se.^Ienie'nts^;���s.7-T._le ;'ani-
largo quantities'; of- insects, including
grasshoppers, ;.'crickets,' beetles "and
caterpillars.;. Vln captivity; -its -feeding-
is very ccoboiiiical.Thc diet 'consisting
of. meat",- fish,.."cookr'd. "cereals^ yegft;
tables��� and .mil!..;-'. .-The .food-, problem'
is ;most .easily solved where the .ranch'
Js ��������� established- 'within.-, "reach"- of.-,a
liolel,-.' The ���oouleni.s. ofthe, daily
garba'gc'.ca'iv'wcU", feed: a considerable
number....." ��� ;��� -, =,-. "-. >' ,.'.'- - -. ."
.7'TTie'\ skunk niuliipHes -;rapidly with'
lifters" -' of from' . six" lo twelve, the
period" - of -..gestation being eight
weeks.' Descent iug may be per fo filled "when the
old   and   all
Trout and Whitefish Successfully.' !n-
. -trodticed" Into British Columbia.. -
Fish .culture, iii Canada is long-past"
the experimental stage and itssueeess-
in" 'maintaining and replenishing- the
fisheries is ��� beyond . question;. - Its excellent -effects/are apparent-', on " all
sides./"." Very, few salmon "were, seen
iri; Prince" Edward Island streams be-"
fore-the. establishment- of "a hatchery,
but-liow as a .result of distribution., the
waters -practical!jVfecni with this fish.
The- Petitcodiac-liiver, ."'Now.. 'Brunswick, after'virtual depietionVlias carried-a-good run of'salmon for several
years V_p,astV .VSystematic.7- stocking
achieved,. the - same .- results . .on
the Nashwaak River in the .same proy-
taoeW;." V- , / :. . ���������;.;.. ,-'
\ Salmon are reported-to be getting
more,plentiful in NovaVSeoUaVdespite
the, heavy fishing; -and remarkable results .have; followed The." distribution
of speckled, trout-from .'the provincial
hatcheries;.' -The, .whitcfish fishery- of
Lake; Erie .has recovered from, a state,
"approaching, duple lion. Lake Winnipeg
records bigger, catches';than ever, and
trout -and. '.wiiitefish.. haye"" been successfully '.-introduced, into'. British -Col-"
iimbia-waters., ;.:'lnsta!i'ces:.i),ro'ving'the
undoubted- success- .01 ��� Canadian--iish
culture; might, be - continued .ad'infini-.
turn.���'..'".'- "-  ,;:" --��� -;.' -���-.. --"y ,
Reason  Given  For Great Number of
Harmful Pests.
That the decrease in the numbers
of the Canadian wild, fowl is responsible for the ever-increasing insect
pest, is suggested by N. Gilmour,
provincial game guardian, writing In
the annual report of the chief game
guardian for the fiscal year 1920-21.
"The   first   fact   I wish to refer to
is the unquestioned serious increases
in insect pests.     For many years, we
knew nothing of insect pests���other
than mosquitoes, trying enough to the
temper, but taking no toll of the products of labor���but latterly harmful
insects seem to have been increasing
and old-time farmers are asking 'What
next?' as pest after pest.makes its appearance.    The fact is," however, that
these insects always existed   but   in
numbers so small and causing so little damage as;not to attract attention.
"The other fact I. wish to establish
Is .the" undoubtedly- very considerable
decrease ��� in the; numbers of bur wild
birds.-  .Tt-should, be borne in .mina
that tlie majority o'f our wild birds are
migratory-so' that' the. birds "that are
ours one part of the year, are the birds
of the south at another season.'/-They
know-nothing ."of international  boundaries ; and' tariffs;. rates; of exchange
or .7 increases 7 in/-'transportation .rates
have-no terrors'for-them..... It. follows
that if migratory-birds areles's numer-,
bus in the" Ujiited States than- former-:
ly.-they, are less numerous--here
Canada."  .'���   -.     .-:""-  '    -    ' "    -"
A Tempting Target    V
Schoolboys^ .Found''-.Name ."of "Bird"
- Haid-to Resist,".'
. -One" .of, -our .great ..public/schools,.
Says the London Morning Post,;had a
head.m'aster.-whose name was Bird. -So
tempting- a' target."was"hard .for "-tlie;
boys, to resist". ���-��� Once, oil .coming into
the' classroom "tlie; master' found ."���_ Iiis
Vclass -gazingwitli-such profound "gravity either at their'desks or ."at the-ceiling that, he looked round for, symp-.
touts of. trouble. -."Sure enough/on the
blackboard was writ ten. the-o.uotation:
Hail to ..thee, blithe spirit-:-'-   7
.'���-'   Bird thou never ;wert.'-' ""-  '-.';.', 7
- '."Who wrote that?" the. toaster, demanded "sharply, --, .- .'.--.-'��� X'X.    7-","
There' w"as"de;id silence .'for ."a 'moment, and "then a' small/-lliin."studio'us-
lopkingboy/iU' spectacles, rose and re'
.plied:"-7 '.":."���-'   7VV-x'X'X'.7" "'��� "'-.'--
"Please," sir,. I think it was Sh'Mlfy."
"'Suggests' Surveying Iron Fields.
- "Thatii'stir-vey party should be sent
hito'���. the " new   Athabasca, iron field
next > ear by the. Dominion Covern-
ment, is.a suggestion tliat has  been'
made to' file Dominion -.Depuiy" Minfs:.
fer of Mines, by Dr'. Joliii" A. .'Allan;
Alberta University .geologist.
_ -"��� Considcr'balf interest iu    the    field
mimals are'five. weeksVp^-already been ��I��'<^od    by    the
^sibiiitvV.or^future i Scleral  Department, and  if is  quite
but  in
is not really J
nuisarsce may be -eliminated
domestic . raising;.,'. thi^
necessary 'contrary/-to" general belief,
a's/t-heVanimais, ; beebmc remarkably
tame/and;-fri.en"(l,iy. with' those, handling 7 them and .never-bring into play
"the -.'"powerful weapon nature has. given them, except when_..bndly,,.frightened by some-inlrudeiy .."'.-'
"' Skunk 'ranching' could be .successfully; carried on iu". practically- every
section of.-Canada-for, the animal;is
iniiigenpus'V'to/ -every;part' and-, would
find' his ha-tuiaT-t'OUtlilions-' wherever
a' fiir.ni: was' loe'aTedV'-:��� In/ wire /en-,
dosed/ pens-7- of/'-"suitable., land ."/the.
an.ijrialsV;-will;Vmak'e.'tI,<eir'- 7own" .;"b.ur-.'
teiition beyond,'feeding:/;;-The demand
for "pelts -is/steady'' and ���,puberal, -and
.the -high/ prices ''preyaiim'g,'; during", -tlie
pa s t. f ew: y.ears-V make '��� skunk '.ranches
.very; ','prpfitabie /concerns /and /augur
likely that a party will, he vent out
as suggested to make a thorough
inspection of the .area.
Mrs. Pankhurst Likes B.C.
"Hritish Columbia i�� jupI, like Eng-
land���with the Hunsliiiie added," sniil-
ed ,'Mt'H. -Pankhurst, who arrived-in
Toronto from the wesi witli the news
that she intends/lq;bccorac a C'ana'
dian and-'has settled down,- .in. -Victoria, the- cliarm - of. which;' she/ says,
c'aught.her.-V.-".;.': 7-.W ..'���.'-'���"���'���X; ���--' "���"".-,-���
Sea Water As Medicine
New   ffemedy   In   Great   Demand . By
London Hospitals..
A London business, firm, is- carrying
on-a profitable trade1���in .Veil'water! -"���-
Trawlers-are" sent - regitlarly- froni
London  to ��� the Dogger Dank., to'1, col-.'
Ic'cl-' ^.ea1 -water for-- London-'hospital.;'
rtnd doctors.,. ...... - .
.;. .As it natural medicine for nasal
troubles and infantile- -cholera ibis
new remedy is in ^rreat. demand; it
is also- used for injections for -l-heii-
���hiatisni. -
Specially fitted out vesseli. are
used to collect the Dogger Bank sea
wafer, Which is remarkably free from
In view of the'inflow of foreign immigrants to Canada from Europe during the fiscal year 19 20-1221, which
amounted to 26,153, it is or interest to
note the origin and destination of
those who have already settled in this
country during the past decade. These
new colonists are mainly agriculturists, and on landing in Canada proceed to various districts throughout
the country where their friends ��� or
relatives are already located.
The number of European foreign-,
born in Canada in 1911 was given by
the Canada Year Book as 404,941, or
5.G2 per cent, of the entire population.
It is interesting to know that at tho
time this census was taken the number of foreign-born Europeans in Canada exceeded the number of American
born in this country by 101,261, dr 1.41
per cent, of the entire population of
Canada. Since these figures wero
compiled, European immigration,
owing to the war, has dwindled to practically nothing and as a result the number of Americans who emigrated to
this country since then have so swelled the ranks of their compatriots already here, that the present census
will undoubtedly show a much larger
number, of American than European
foreign-born in Canada.
' At the last Dominion census, 393,320
persons gave their nationality as Germans; 129,103, Austro-Hungarians;
107,535. Scandinavians; 75,861 Jewish;
54,986 Dutch; Italian, 45,411; Austrian,
42,535; Russian, 43,142; Polish, 33,365;
Galician, 35,158; Euthenian, 29,845;
while smaller numbers came from the
countries bordering on the Mediterranean Sea.
Taking them In order of importance
we find that the Germans, as a rule,
gravitate towards   Northern   Ontario
and  the Western Provinces.      They,
keep to themselves very much' and
have established many fine and well-
to-do communities.',   In Saskatchewan
and Manitoba many prosperous farming centres have been established by
Germans.    Around the towns of Morden, Winkler, .Glencross in Manitoba,
and Kaiser and Vonda in Saskatchewan, Targe colonies of German' farmers have been founded.     Austrians
and Hungarians, whose mode of living
and   language   are very similar, fre--
quently, settle near German, communities. ���" A large number of both Austrians and Germans work in the coal
mines of Southern Alberta and  the
gold arid silver mines of British Columbia.  ,     ... / - -= -
.'Tlie Scandinavians, who are probably the  best foreign immigrant wo
get froni Europe, have founded many
���llirlving; community centres- throughout ..the-Prairie, Provinces, more particularly-in Central Alberta. .' They aro
a"' strong,. industrious' and clean-living
people...-They cultivate their farms
intensely'.and/go' in very extensively
for.mixed.farming. '/Their schools are -
the/most modern  and ..up-to-date  of-,
their- kind in'the province, and often
after "leaving.these schools., many -of
the students attend the provincial uni-
sily,Tvhere a diversity'of ."courses is  .
offered: them.-, 7/   ."        -.    7,/"/ ","./
7. The' Jews.are .inclined more To' city,
.life Than, farming" and very .fcwVif any",./
go on the -land,-,-although. there are -'-'
one,or two colonies in the..provinces'-
of'Saskatchewan and Manitoba whieh-
have been' in existence 7-for'.- several; .
-years and froin. recent., reports- ;.ar��;..7
yery'siiccessful.    ./- -- /   -,.".""'./..V-7'--'
' ' The -" Ruthenians,'.' 'Galiclan's,; Poles," 7
Dpiikpbors, Russians and-/Dutch.-aro 7-
grea't" agricultur.ai people, and it is "not V
surprjsirig:'t.6-;find. large numbers of '
tlieni on farms in tiie Western; Prov-.- ,
jnces of Canada.    -Like'.the Germans.-V
and Scandinavians, they form. into, lit-/.--
t.e colonies, having'their own church,  '
language, and' .schools,"-'- -Though', hot-'
as, progressive as. the. Scandinavians   -
they make ��� splendid  citizens"' and  as' -
fanners cannot be excelled; . At Win- '.
nip'off. "Manitoba; these- people jiublis.h- .
papers,  written  in their  native  Ian- ,-
guage. ' . ':'���'���--.'
The Italian,, like the Jew/tends to-.,
wards city- ��� life, buTV quite irequcn'tb":
the.', operate small "farms outside large -
cities,-on wliich,they'grow vegetables
and other.garden"truck to"be".retailed,
in Hie/city. -  :They: hrive a successful.
agricultural colony at Venice,- Lake La -;
���jliclio,''Northern-.AJbertsi": "'   -,: ../--"���'/",���
.,. During the.'- war 'many of These "for-; ���
eign-born immigrants :from. Europe en-.-:
listed.iii-the;Canadian army,V.while:a'/
largo number, of them we're-reservists-;-..
in the "Allied armies/    Those ht'lipnib;-'
bouglif Victory Bonds,:-and'subscribed-"
to tlie ited.Crostf as well as.to,'various "
other war funds.     They" also"planted ���:
an increased acreage, in grain crops in-
order to relieve the/food,.situa't'ion"a"nd
-in many other ways' .displayed   their V
contamination.     After the   water   is   good citizenship.     Many. of the.Vpro
collected it is sealed and kepi in ice
until its arrival in port.
;:"'"��� TMa nnaduke,W'l. efore weV we're marV
ly;. when ;I went down the steps."/V- 7
.".-���,3ipntmbrehcy.r-r*'And Trb'at 'does she
say, npw"Marmy?'/;V;.7,;/--;7'.::/; X.^
. .7,il'armaduke,V^"div,. -just; ''���.���tliejsame
'--.-The'Tongest .p'enduliiai"-;.7eycr
nai:is:neither.timiiTnpi:yicious;a^ avsuccessfut/futu"^ -;
u-a'cticalUV./';PPiniyorous;:-;:'de.vouripg.'. ment'"aibn��/ihf.s'c,ii.nes.:-/''.'.'7'-'7;/V7/      |o_.Ei_fer-Tpwerv;./It..wa3VS77/��e'et.].b^^
Absence from church wa? a punishable offence, in ��� the seventeenth
century.   .-���'":.���".'"
Tlie -British - museum eontaias.2.100
complete /'Kibles",'.- -writ teii - in - nil lan-
guajces/ V*;"7. '. V;-' "������- Xy-.  X-, ,   ��� -
war Immigrants, such . as    Germans,
Austrians, Hungarians and Turks, aro'*
now barred from Canada and it-wIHbe
same years before the ban is. lifted. .
V;An-'.geniuses are"more. or;Jiess:'e_e-
centric'.-;-��� Sonie hav? eyen; been TcnoT,ra
to'pay;iheir deb.i's':"/ ."-",./-':;��� -���;." .,/    -
-';: ��� Nothing/'grows/,in   the
Islands liigiier-Tban,a. table.
--One tbing.that'-:yo;a.cannot repair if
ypi. once-wear-it <?ut:is your welcome.
Says Czar ts Alive. ,:������
Count ZaccarJa. who has- bee.n'M-..
pa'triated with his family from Siberia.
and who has arrived in Rome. ir6ni7
Naples, testified bei7oro the--chief - of.
police that he has absolute" evidence
ihat- the Czar and Czarina '.of Ku'sshi.
escaped from the-   hired   TDoIsheriki���
-assassins and fied to Japan, where
they are now -living under the protection of the Slikado.
..-Count .Zaccaria .maintains 'LJ.s' coe-'.
teniions arc ~-ni?r despite" the gitiphic'.
descriptiGas taat bare "been glren" of
the execution of the Itaperlal Family. >-1 ;b��t&4at re ^.���� ��**t',i- -~/~.
Is $2.00 a year strictly ia adnmce, ot
J2.50 when not paid for thr*�� months or
more have passed. To Grest Britain and
tbe United States fa.30, always ia advance.
0. W. A. SMITH
Oelimiuent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices    7.00
3$��tray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears Ir notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
the clearing of land   and  provision
of transportation facilities.
AU other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first Insertion, and 8 cents a line for
��ach subsequent insertion, nonpariel
Tfanscient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Jiusiness locals I3)��c.
a line each in-
Thomas    Kilpatrick,     tho   ne<v|
general manager  of the   P. G.   10. i
Railway, was given a happy   send- ;
off Saturday night by   the  officials j
and staff of  tlie public  works  department,   when  he   was tendered
a dinner.    Formerly, he was  with
the  department   for   nine    years,
&even of which were spent  as  provincial superintendent of bridge3.
Daring that time  Mr. |Kilpatrick
waa credited  with  improving  the
bridges of the province  materially
and he changes dc-partmeuts  with
the fullest confidence of  his   old
associates that he will put the government railway   ou   as sound   a
footing   as   is humanly   possible.
Under the management of the former general manager, A. B. Buck-
worth, operating deficits reached a
low figure, and with this official as
deputy   minister  of railways, and
Mr. Kilpafcrick as   manager,   Hou.
Dr. MacLean, minister of railways,
is confident  of  the  future of the
wo: king at Westbridge.
Vus   Givner  is helping  to move
h!.:'/hi:.u>,i'v i'rom the Phoenix Brew-
Hard Times Dance
ry, which is being dismantled   by
'.Mu Biner.
'���'hen farmers complain of hard
-' ;;��� -rs, they are sometimes asked to
io..;.-. at the official figures which
... vv an increase in the value of
.: -heir products.    These figures,
however, are not.,very convincing,
lor   they   are   in dollars   and the
dollar is not worth as much as it
used  to be.    To be convinced of
his prosperity, the farmer must be
shown that  with his  prodncts he
can   bay as  much in   boots and
sho��e,   dry   goods and   groceries,
etc., as he formerly could- and no-
tiody is showing him figures of this
kind at the present moment.
Boundary Falls School
Report for January
"Thbbe years ago the city of
Fernie had an overdraft current
account of some $34,000 and was
keeping five horses at a cost of
about a thousand dollars, a year,
all of them ofthe full age of 21
years," says the Blairmore Enterprise.    "The city had not a wagon
��� Bate to-,-hitch pn^tp^np,.tools,\irn-.
Vppncref eV' vidi xer j777-7%V|.pQ ^er-1ori.yj��� fr:
���ipti rn#p nb)end ���'pf 7;tpplsV��^;7i^;036OO:
;: Mde;;toV t h'e;:7|| ectnKviigKtusyiitem:
���;^m Usa VpP^ipnS
^glitV;; tSEou^n'fl V djbl lair a.'' 7 VM17 the;
V^ir:^lileVi"I.Cor(l jtn;d;-|r$flSc..sVcrMife
V -7.:* 7. fi# 77gp veriuuieofe' 7^;': Stf-r|h#
-. *$;,*&. in.'7:aJl.pi:Pvihfflea :Sn'3-.3.taifej.':
teiij..c:itlM pfi��ah :behefijt .ai #h_.-iex*
... i>3i.se of  the. tPwna,    Vancoaver>
:.7;^ie|priavahd; l$$w WefctMiustee-arie
7ppt,?8low In .pressing, fctaeir cla.aiy
XyippXfiprvetaijaenV -aid.-  ��� Their prox:
Viin'$jytfy;Xl��$:0Mfc., pif g^yfertuaient-
V:;iepa^<^>-7|penV'--';ip .. Isaftdieapr ���%)&?-���
X:mmiiMieefiitiesj;but if":fehe; plana p;f
*he: goserjonaent   are   cafcrjed   on,
this advantage will be oJBraek
fiph.  W. VET.  Sutherland,   min-
���i-'U(jNi.r;Vpf public ��� w'&t&e,   ;hasvan-
ijpanced that the newer districts pi
#e province wiil deceive more VcDfe*
siderat. on in the matter of roads.
��� frailite $ifd l3-ridgeSj.;7'f()r7ih^':Ta::isob'
7that ihe welfare of 7:British Colata-.
���: -bla-'pia-* ii;;*hoJieVdertiau^#7^{ia
��� /'aPilev^lpped:'' ^r^v'^/^adeVprP^;
��� doefcive afid ;this.^a^7pniy7';b^d<ap;
.Shir^u|h77i|he7prpvi#iQB '7p!:;^de��iaaM
: transportation 7aeilil>ie%XXxXxXxXx
X: ''!RqkX$XXB)[J&^^
7 JandSj, 7jua |'; **$*��p^^pti^ t^Mdf-
XGjjn li%i'��$ri$Biifi5^flii.M^itf7pj^
7^^i|^t^Vjai^ ^[PjM0^M^$Mir
Nellie Axam, Teacher
Perfect Attendance : Daniel
Boltz,    Alice    Cassehnau,     Helen
Casselman, Annie Klinosky, Jovie
Klinosky, Verona Klinosky, Andrew Swanlund, Annie Swanlund,
Edna Swanlund.
Proficiency list.
Entrance class: John Crause,
Helen Crause.
Fifth Reader, Senior: Annie
Swanlund, Joseph Krouten.'
Fifth Reader, Intermediate;
Caroline " Casselman, Beatrice
Third Reader: Jovie Klinosky,
Daniel Boltz, Alice 'Casselman,
Andrew Swanlund, Annie Klinosky, Stephen Klinosky (not-
present for examinations.)
Second Reader: Helen Casselman, Frank Krouten.
First Reader: Louise Swanlund,
Verdun Casselman, Verona Klinosky,-,..Edna... ,J^
ortland Interests Enquire
About Local Property
B. T. Hutchinson, of Portland,
On-v, well known in connection
with the mining industry,0 has
written to Fred A. Star-key, commissioner of the Associated Boards
of Trade of Eastern British Columbia, requesting information re-
gardhig mining property in the
Boundary district near Greenwood.
The letter states that he hopes to
visit Nelson in the near future.���
Nelson Nelson.
Stock Breeders Association
There will be a meeting of the
Greenwood Riding Stock Breeders
Association at 1 o'clock ou Saturday, Feb. 17, at Rock Creek.
Anyone owning five or more head
of cattle can become a member and
should either try to be present or
send a representative, especially if
hois Hiring any crown range. For
those coming from a distance and
bringing a lunch, coffee is provid.d
.it. noon.
(Signed)       H. L. T.  Martin
V;B0U N D A R��fc.F*L'I'8;'i :K0TES7
soiie7pjS7bu ildi;ng$77 XX XXyXX XXy
fx^0ni^J'S$p a(oi7;Sv|en,fe th^weflk^'
Agent for Dodge, Chevrolet, Studebaker,
and Overland cars. Garage in connection.
d. Mcpherson       -      Proprietor
The Maple Leaf Social Club will
hold a Hard Time Dance in the
Auaconda School on Friday, Feb.
16fch at S p.m. Admission: Gents,
uot members of club, 50c; gent
members 25c; ladies free. Ladies
to provide refreshments. Ladies
not bringing refreshments will be
charged 25c. for supper. Proceeds
to renumerate musicians for their
services. Two prizeB will be
awarded, to a lady and gentleman,
for the neatest patched costumes.
Come and have a good time.
Applications for permits to graze livestock
on the Crown rantre within each Grazing District of the Province of British. Columbia must
be tiled with the District Forester at Cranbrook,
Fort George, Kamloops, Nelson, Prince Rupert,
Williams Lake, Vancouver and Vernon, or with
the Commissioner of Grazing, Parliament
Buildings, Victoria, B.C., on or before March
15th, 1��3.
Blank forms upon which to submit applications may be obtained from the District Foresters at the above named places or from the
Department of Lauds at Victoria, B.C.
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Department of Lands,
Victoria, B.C.
January 4th, 1923.
"Nash Leads The World In Motor
Car Value"
We have a special offer to the first buyer of a New
Nash in Greenwood.   Lets hear from you!
All Prices F. O. B. Greenwood
- '    $2150.
Nash Six 5 Passenger Touring
Nash Six Roadster
Nash Six 7 Passenger Touring
Nash Six 4 Passenger Sport
Palaoe Livery  Stable
Express and Heavy Draying
Auto's and Truck For Hire, Day or Night
0 We carry      '
Tires, Oils, Greases, Hay and Grain
Office Phone 13. Residence Phone 3L
��.** v- i��;-izvy^:\^-Xi.:..-,-:)?:,
Tiie. Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
ir-*-* xx;. ,^f-.Qanada, Limited, v,_.; . .
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Nash Four 5 Passenger Touring     -       - 1635.
Nash Four Roadster - -       - 1600.
Nash Four 4 Passenger Sport -       - 2050.
The new Sport Models are very attractive
All Models equipped with Front Bumper. Disc
wheels $25.00 extra for a set of five wheels. Get
in on the first carload which will be in next month.
For further particulars write
y Trail, B.C.
Greenwood, Midway. Grand Forks. Rossland and Trail Distric s
Tailored Clothes
Men's Suits and Overcoats
Fall and  Wiuter Suits and Overcoats samples (Just arrived.)
Now on view at ������>
Tailor and Cleaner
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box B1108, Nelson, B.. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
Jr. 2S each. Gold-Silver $1.75. Gold-
Silver with Copper or Lead $3.00. Silver-Lead $2.00. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
Charges for other metals, etc., r.n up-
Tbe Ledge can supply your
every need in "the printing line
and at, prices consistent with
first class work.
Send Your
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way.   Terms Cash.
The Ledge has always   room
for one more ad.
1 For Good I
il-Ecohoi^arid Satisfaction 3
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Minimum price of first-class land
reduced to 35 an acre; second-class to
$2.50 an acre.
Pre-emption  now
veyed lands only.
Records   will   be
only land  suitable
confined    to sur-
B[..;':. GREENWOODS      MFrinting Department   3
S*��   .x   r '���- - , '"**'*
granted   covering
for    agricultural
purposes   and    which   is   non-timber
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of not'more than four may
arrange for- adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
,Pre-emptors must occupy claims
for five years and must make improvements to Value of S10 per acre,
including clearing aud cultivation of
at least 5 acres, before receiving
Crown Grant.     f
Where pre-emptor iu occupation not
less than 3.years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may because of ill-health, or other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence
may be issued, provided applicant
makes improvement to extent'of S300
per annum and records- same each'
year. Failure to make improvements
or record same will operate as forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained in
less than 5 years, and improvements of
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleat-
-ed and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required.
Pre-emptors holding Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption, if he-
requires land in conjunction with' his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown"
granted land.
Unsurveyed areas not -exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesites; title,
to be obtained after fulfilling resident-,
ial and improvement conditions.
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas .exceeding 640 acres may be
leased by one person or company. .
Mill, factory or industrial sites on '
timber land not exceeding   40   acres
maybe purchased; conditions include
payment of stuinpage.
Natural hay meadows inaccessible
by existing roads may be purchased
conditional upon construction of a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.
��� The scope of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces.   The time
in which the heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor  may apply for title
under  this act is extended  from one
year from the  death of such person, as
foVmerty, until one year after  the conclusion of the present war.   This privilege is made retroactive.
7WNo fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emp-
;.tions recorded   after  June   26,     1918.
���Taxes are remitted for five years. "
'.% Provisions for "return of moneys accrued, due aud been paid  since August
4;;1914, on account" of payments,"fees or .
.taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions.
A.VInterest on agreements to  purchase
std.wn or city .lots held  by  members of-
VAllied Forces, or dependents, acquired
..direct or indirect,'remitted from   enlistment to March 31st, 1920.    "
.^Provision   made    for -insurance    of
.Crown   Grants   to   sub-purchasers'of
Crown -Lauds, acquiring rights from''
���purchasers who failed to conipiete-pur-"
Vcliase, involving forfeiture,  on" fulfill-.
Vment of conditions of purchase, interest"
;and taxes.   Where sub-purchasers; do .
;nbt claim whole of original parcelrpuri-
.bljase price due and taxes  may. be.disr.
r'.tjftbuted   proportionately. \over.- whole '
.'area.   Amplications'must be  made-by
May 1, 1920.
V.V'Graziug Act. 1919, for systematicVde-7
yelopriieut of livestock -industry pro-
Vvides for grazing districts-and "range
administration under Commissioner.
Annual grazing permits issued based
on numbers ranged; .priority' for established owners. Stock pwne.ni may form
Associations for - range management.
Free, or partially -. free, permits ; for"
settlers;'campers or" t'raveil".rs'up lo ten
head.'    '  " -   -; ; "   ��� ~ .* '������-.- '���     ;'���
i '
v The Miiieral Province of Western Canada
v     Has produced Minerals valued as. follows:- ���'.'. Placer Gold, 870,177,403;, Lode
Gold, $105,557,977; Silver, 855,259,485; Lead $48,330,575;.Copper,. 8166,393,488;
W'Zin'o. ,m,8MV^
834,072,016;   ..Miecellaneons ��� ;V Minerals,-.' $1.-210.639). .'making/ ifca ���'..���Mineral'-
Production to theendof.1921 show.      ���
IVf7��|V1^ :andv .fte7 le^lowerj.
" 7>ire.V"'77 "������....' V-: i[.i-:- , :���:-[   "XXyiiX' '������'/"''������.?.,,      .���-'.'���."' -..y. 7
'.'.Mineral iocalions are ]
||fi ;V&Wj!nie:v Tiies *re!V obtained -y-by -vd^'eib^gV'jB^V^^^^^
^ttll !sifbipniftlipn.v
��;Wd.:"lJtapiBi. 'ms^btS'.bblatb^d.--


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