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The Ledge Mar 29, 1923

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THE  OLDEST  MINING  CAMP  NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
\
Vol. - XXIX.
GREENWOOD, b"c., THURSDAY, MARCH 29,  1923.
No. 36
^ We-carry a large line ol .
Hardware, House Furnishings, Etc.
Inspect our stock
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28. '-��� ) X- GREENWOOD. B.C.
Spring
Better have one for
Easter
Meatless  Days ||f
V'���""'���' ���-  ���. s^.
Canned Salmon, Chicken Haddie, Herring
and Tomato Sauce,  Pilchards, &c. &c.
Tomato Soup        . Heinz Spaghetti
Fresh Fish Every Friday
_��^wo
t �����
. Elson & Go
Around Home
A Good Lecture
D. R McELMON
Watchmaker, Jeweler aud Optician
GREENWOOD - - B.C
1 LEE & BRYAN
Tftmuuummu uuuuuiummuimmmmmuuumuuuuli
FIRE
FIRE
FIRE
/**
M_amwM??fTO?iw;e?aBEas
No More
Chapped  Hands or Rough Skin
This can be accomplished by using the right kind of Soap
Vinola Round Bath aiid Vinola Winsome
are the two most suitable for the hard waters of this district
Try .Them
GOODEVE'S   DRUG   STORE
CHARLES   KING
���Real Estate   (Licensed)
Insurance, Fire. Life, Accident.
Sickness. &c.
r Stoves   and   heated   pipes   cause
many  fires
A sniall premium will protect your
house and furniture
Call at my Office Copper Street
MILLINERY
You are cordially invited to inspect,
our Spring Millinery,  which   includes the newest ideas in Iiadies'
Hats, Novelties, etc,
Mrs. Ellen Trounson
Next door to Pacific Hotel
,<^*.-��w*_��*,_^.
000OOO0<K>0��>OO<><��rrQ<><>��<K>00<X>��0<><X^
* WINDSOR HOTEL  *
GREENWOOD, B. C,
.  The .WINDSOR   HOTEL.' is . lieated   with 'steam'    '
and electricity,V--Fine sample-.rooms.;   A  comiprt- -7   ���
," able home for tourists' and "travellers,     Touch tiie ;" "
-  wire   if you-wane-rooms reserved. '���. The buffet'is     "
"replete   with, cigars,, cigarettes; cooling ;beverages,:
���. ' ���    ."���  ". -   buttermilk and ice-cream."' ���" a
*"-"--.. ;- .-"'        V      .-   .'-.v     . '��� ' '��� -'   V .;   .     ���'���.���: i'.'-XE
I .SI Hi A
anrt
- UISW,"
. .1 1#<I%��
'XJUJ.U1
�������#ibsi.
Prints,; Cottons, Flannels, Flannelette. Blankets,
'.""_-. Sheeting, Towels, Toweling, Etc.
Overalls;' Mens Shirts,  Work Socks, Etc. 7
; Just in and of Fine QualityX;[���'.
PHONE 17.
& XJENKIN
GREENWOOD
riari CJiurcn
Minister in charge
Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw. B. A.
Greenwood
Services April 1st
V   Easter Sunday..
Midway. 2.30 D.m.
The Sacrament ofthe Lord's Supper, will
������ -. ... be observed at this" Service
Eeuiember:   Sunday 8th April
; "Mr.-Neil McKimion will preach     -.
-���-   Greenwood, 7.30 p.m. ������   .
Special Easteriuusicvvill_.be rendered by
the.choir." Easter hymn's/for :cougrega-
.tional praised ..;,' _'���:- .',"" .'���-'" - ������."
'.'The 'Winter is-over -and gone","The
time .of. the-singing .of the birds.has
come"-���if ypu have/not been. to.. Cbii_ch,
For.-u -loug--tiine- make 77a" beginning this
Easter Sabbath .Day."'   -    ,'".
7'   Everybody Welcome
vi;
INDEPENDENT MEAT MARKET
Mesas* .<?sf^?ss<^��^*<?
���   'wi
mmmiimx��m-mmmmm
xsmms��mmmmxm-xmxik
Gray & Clerf. Props.
SATURDAY, MARCH 31st
Commencing at 8; 15 p.ni.
on
:7i'n.
Dust''
I JOHN MEYER
Proprietor
l^iig." bfstahce. -ijelepiiioiie .Service'-A .',Reai
���'-��� v AssetT0 The Exacting Business Man
"Thereare few advantages in modern",business to be compared, in actual-"
value.with"tbe service-your own office.telephone is prepared.at any"-'inqment7
V ofthe day'or night to supply you witH:". .~ ���.-[   ���'���-'-'���
.-At a minimum outlay in minutes j-oni can "gel, in direct -toacli with your-
,. desired party possiblyhttfldreds of miles.away where postal or. other delay
would be a .decided drawback. -������ Correspondence cannot' compete  with the
-'" speed of telephone service; besides which consider carefully': the undoubted-
advantages of personal talk. -.     V-   -"-"   7    .--'---', VV 7  "_���-"-
BRITISH CQtUMBSA TELEPHONE COMPANY
A play that finds humanity in the shadows
and! reveals*a.girl-who "rebelled', against
love .'and .the''shackles which wifehood
..- imposed; Vlt's soul-searching!. .7.
,.     -.. As true to real life.as.is ���
FANNIE HURST'S FAMpUS .NOVEL
.'..'   7    which, suggested it!    - "'. ��� ,'-���
"X 6 reels 6-"   " ' ���
.-.: . . One reel"Chester Outing   - - X
"Considering Posey" 7 ���
.... ; Also "one reel .Christie Cdrae'dy   .
"Five Hundred or Bust**-
ADULTS 50c,V.-.���'-'"; CHILDREN;25c.
MHCE' AFTER THE SHOW
7 Stenographer's Examination
for British Columbia Civil Service
wili-be-field . on Saturday. afternoon ;.and evening, April 28tbi
1923, ..Application, forms iand full
information.may-be'had from tlie
Government Agent, Court House*
Greenwood. 7      Y ���-.
Have you paid yoisr sub-
scriptiotf to The Ledge?
"X". ���'-���': ��� '���. -
Ed. Richter, of Rock Creek,
was a visitor in town on Tuesday.
The local stores will be closed
on Goo'd^Friday and Easter Monday; ;,:
Service will be held in the R.C.
church on Easter Monday ' at
10 a.m.
Born���To Mr. and Mrs. E.
Bidder, of Marysville, a sou on
March 21st.
." Service will be held in St.
Jude's Church on Easter Sunday
at 7.30 p.m.
Born���To Mr. and Mrs. E.
Bohemier, Norwegian creek, a
Son on March 21st.
I. H. Hallett returned on Sunday from a business trip to Spokane and Vancouver.
Dr. J. M. Burnett is relieving
the staff for a short time at the
Tranquille Sanitarium.
Jno. Benson is spending a few
days with his family until they
recuperate from a severe cold.
Mrs. A. Krouten and three
children of Kerr creek, were
callers in town on Wednesday.
Miss. Vendella -Gustafson, of
Penticton, was the guest of Mrs.
A. Sater during the week-end.
Dont forget the sale of Fancy
Work by the Ladies Aid next
Thursday afternoon, April 5th.
The curling rink closed last
Thursday. A large number were
out and a social evening spent.
Mrs. I. H. Hallett, who. has
been oh a visit to. Spokane, returned home on Monday evening.
--Mr^-J; Thoi's'lfi'ticl had .the mis-*'
fortune to slip   on   the- ice last
week and dislocate her shoulder.
Cash paid for hides at Brown's
Midway.
. Lost���A lady's watch initialed
M.V, Finder will be rewarded
by returning same! to The Ledge
office.  ".   .'.-..',-
A number, of pair of skates
were left; at the7 Skating Rink.
Owners can have same at The
Ledge office.   .'   ,. -'������ '.'���''
The Provincial Party will hold
an organization Meeting in
Greenwood on.Wednesday, April
4tH;at 8;o'clock. XX ---
,Quite a number from here intend, faking in. the' Magp!e_Minr
strei"VsH6w -at Rock Creek, .on,
Easter-Monday/
"Albert Christensen has ^ returned from Penticton and has taken
apposition Vat. the Leqmme, saw.
mill, Norwegian-creek,-' '"..'.: ... '
'.'.' Noel Kelsey, formeriy.oi Rock
Creek, has.arrived back in Grand
Forks after spending tbe , winter
in Northern mining-camps. 7   )~
Mrs. "A. N: Docksteader and
her mother Mrs. M_- Schamburg
left last ThursdayVfor Spokane
where-' they will, .spend the nest
month.- :. v V .'.'-"
���' M. McLeod, "optometrist will be
be at Goqdeve^s VDrug Store.on
the morning of Thursday; April
5th. Another; chance to. have
your eyes attended to.      7; ., .   ,
E., 'Engen, of~ Penticton, formerly, of Phoenix,.was a visitor
iti:. town [on - Saturday. At one
time , Mr.; E�� gen was the ch am-
pion ski jumper of Canada. .;   7
.���,7Rev> Dr.;J. Knox Wright, Dis-j
trict secretary of. the . Canadian
Bible Society* will, give an illustrated lecture in. the Presbyterian
church,. Tuesday evening April
3rd.JWW->. '---V'"'V   "'-;..
7 Dr. -HV L- Bryce, spiecialist .in
diseases ofthe eye and correction
of errors of- eyesight, wiil. visit
Greenwood, April -12tb,..aridL m.ay
Ise. consulted at .the; Windsor
THotelV .'"��� " ��� :';"-;"
A  very interesting and highly
instructive lecture on Geology was
given in the Court House on Tuesday evening to the Boy Scouts and
Cubs by P.  B.  Freeland,  government    mining   engineer.      There
were 24 boys present as well as a
number of   the   Scout committee
and all took a keen  interest in the
lecture.   Mr. Freeland dealt with
the formation of the earth and told
the boys in a very clear and simple
way how  the various   ores  were
formed.    He also told them how to
tell and where to expect to find
the   different   ores that might be
around the hills of Greeuwood.   He
clearly demonstrated, how to pan
for gold.    His hints to the boys
for use in their camping and prospecting expeditions were especially
useful and instructive.     He   explained how to use a watch for a
compass,   what to do in case of a
severe cut, how to make a tourniquet, what to do for a snake bite
and   bee sting,   how to deal with
bush  ratB, and  what to do when
meeting   a   bear   in   the   woods.
There were many other interesting
points in the lecture. Mr. Freeland
closed with a timely exhortation to
the boys to live up to the principles
of the teachings of the Scouts and
above all to be unselfish.    Money
was not everything in  this world
and money could not buy the three
best things  in this world namely
health,   happiness   and   affection.
At the close of the lecture the boys
gave Mr. Freeland a hearty clap of
the hands bb well as vote of thanks
for the lecture which was so much
appreciated.
Midway News
Mr. and Mrs; Paul Hielscher,
accompanied by their daughter,
Mrs. H. Holmes, and family, left
oti Thursday the 22nd., inst for
Spokane enroute to San Francisco
where they expect to locate.
Mr. Hielscher came to Midway
from Nakusp 25 years ago and in
his departure the town loses one
of its old timers. In February,
Mr. Hielscher retired on a pension
from the C.P.R., after 35 years of
continuous service.
Mr. and Mrs. Ewart McMynn
left on Sunday for Vancouver,
where they expect to reside,
Mrs. Hawkes returned from
Tranquille after a week's visit to
her husband, who is much improved in health.
On Tuesday Dal'bert Hood was
taken to the Grand Forks hospital suffering from pneumonia;
His many friends wish him a
speedy recovery.        ~
Midway Hat is about dried up
and with the warm days will soon
Kettle Valley Notes
Miss Debney is the guest of
Mrs. Lewis.
Major R. Gray has "500 baby
chicks already this spring.
Master Bruce and Rupert Gray
returned home on Wednesday for
the Easter holidays.
be green
How to Construct a Hotbed
John Wyder and two sons, John
and Ernest, returned to townTlast
.week from. Coaltnqiit.; Mr. :Wyder
has^secured a 7cbhtrajct for V..3000!
ties which he lntjebds . getting
from his ranch up Boundary
creek.
Owing, to-ill health -Ivpropose
closing-jup my business .is.Greenwood. [Wiil shortly have 7 a sale
at: reduced-prices of .which due.
notice    will
1 McElmon;
.bei7'givea.-7:D..--R.
Chas, Bickerton died in the
Nelson Hospital on Wednesday
morning the result of an accident
received at Ymir last week.. He
was well known throughout this
district and leayes a wife and
large family.. ......
Be7 sure and . come to "the
Pythian . Sister Dance in the
Masonic Hall,., Greenwood, on
Friday, April 6th. Dancing with
cards.��� as.;a; diversion. Werner's
4_. piece..orchestra. Admission:
Ladies 25c,Vgents $1.00, supper
'35c.W7  WW." -
V The Ladies Aid are having7_a
sate of .Fancy Work and .Home
Cooking in Kennedy's old store on
Thursday afternoon, April oth.
Great preparations are being made
for this sale and it is hoped everybody will come. Afternoon tea
and ice-cream will be served at a
nominal charge.
; Regulations have been passed,
by the. Department of Public
���Works,: Victoria, limiting the
weight of trucks and their loads
oh provincial roads to four tons^
Thisapplies every place but between Vancouver and New Westminster,., where the main highway has been built in a manner
to permit.ofveight-ton loads.
7 We are. having ^nice Spring
weather. We can do away with
the extra load bf wood, la zero
weather there is nothing hke the
.crackle'-of Sebright wood fife.
It reaches the bones and warms
the marrow,, and scorches our
clothes.. In Springtime, however, we. don't need, any of these
blessings. We have the thrill of
the rhubarb pie ia the air.
The Scouts, committee met io
the Court House on Tuesday
night and it was arranged to continue the Scouts and Cubs meetings duriagVthe summer months.
���The first meztiiag of the Scouts
wiir.be held-ii. the Fire "Hall on
Friday, April 6th at 7 o'clock and
'the. Cubs ���will meet on Saturday
April 7th at 2.30. Rev. W. R.
Walkinshaw will be Cubmaster.
Itwas arrrnged that the committee will take turn about in holding the Scout meetings .until a
suitable Scoutmaster has been se
cured,.
Garden crops such  as tomatoes,
cabbage,   cauliflower,   lettuce and
celery, can be greatly  advanced in
the SpriDg by the use hotbeds.  .On
the farm the making of such a bed
is a simple matter  because of the
presence of manure of a suitable
kind.      Whereas the   greenhouse
has to depend on steam beating for
the necessary warmth, the heat for
a   hotbed   is   secured   from   that
arising from  fresh manure.    The
hotbed may be placed on top of the
ground    or    in - an   excavation.
Whichever plan   is decided upon,
the site chosen  should  drain so as
-no.fe7.t.o^g^X��^3y^��<��^^.^nd,^jIf'
the below ground plan is adopted,
the soil should be taken  out to a
depth of about eighteen inches and
for about three feet wider than the
frame, so that there may be room
for banking outside the frame. The
banking is  very important,  as it
conserves the heat.    Horse manure
is the best.    It should  be turned
once or twice, and should be quite
hot and ready for use in five or six
days.
To -support the glass sash, a
simple frame should be made of
two-inch planks. It should be so
constructed that it may be raised
if the plants get too close to the
glass. To provide for the shedding
of rain, the back of the frame
should be "six inches higher than
the front.
When    building   the   bed,   the
manure should be shaken so that
the long and  thort particles are
well mixed.    Tramp well as - each
layer is added, until a depth of two
to two and a half feet is secured.
The frame is -then put" in  position
and five or six inches more manure
is.shaken in.    Good garden soil to
a depth of six " inches should now
be placed over the manure and the
sash pat on.    In five or six days
the hotbed will  be.ready for the
seed.    A - thermometer  should  be
used .and  the temperature of the
eoii should not exceed 80 degrees.
The. seeding   should   bedone in
rows about four iuches apart, as it
would be in the open ground later
in the season."
More complete instructions, for
handling the cold frame and the
plants themselves are contained in
Exhibition Circular No. 16, obtainable from the Publications Branch,
Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.
Matins and Holy Communion
ih the Anglican, Church at 11
o'clock on Easter Sunday, 1st of
April.
Joseph Richter was the first
person to drive a car over the new
Ingram bridge;. George Watson
rode the first saddle horse and
Teddy Wilson was in charge of
the first rig.
Don't forget Monday, April
2nd, the Magpie Minstrel troupe
at the Co-Operative Hall, Rock
Creek, commencing at 8 p. m.
sharp. ,y There will be a "Sketch"
played by Mr. Bodman, of Brides-'
ville, which is going to be very
good. Just fancy a Sketch,
Minstrel Show, Supper and Dance
for $1.00,    Can you beat it?
Easter Greetings!
SlIi
3Ml
Easter is coming near again,���
the festival of hope and spring
time! How the youngsters love to
get those fascinating Easter cards,
with their,, snow-white bunnies and
fluffy yellow chicks, or a wonderful chocolate Easter egg;���well, at
least it marks definitely the ending
of a long cold winter���the coming
of sunshiny-days, and flowers, and
new growth of all kinds; to some
perhaps, a more frivolous considerations!, comes the deeper and the : ._, ;,^
real significance of this season���- <.V X X-" ;r
all it has meant to mankind.
Remember the kiddies when tha
time comes���send them at least a
postcard of the real holiday kind,
or perhaps a nice big chocolate egg
to   divide  among  them.   If you
send the egg, though, be sure that
it is carefully done up for mailing,
in a substantial box  with lots of
fluffy packing so that it will arrive
in good condition and the youngsters won't just have to try and
imagine what it should have looked
like.   And   if  the other  friends
whom you are sure to think of at
this season   have   outgrown   the
'sweet tooth'  of other days, they
wiil certainly at least appreciate
getting a-pretty card or-a letter
from you���particularly,   perhaps,
the older people,  who, often specially need remembering, and whom
we sometimes overlook.
And whatever you sendf be sure
to get it mailed in plenty of time-
there will be a lot of other people's
cards and letters and parcels
travelling about in that last few
days before Easter, and getting
everything away in good time carefully addressed, and with the right
amount of postage on it, helps
your postal service to give you the
best results and makes for happiness all round.
Co-Operative Selling
Hope Hampton Has Fine
Support.in "Star Dust"
Hope Hampton, whose latest
starring vehicle is "Stardust,"
suggested by Fanny Hurst's novel
of the same name, has surrounded
herself with a cast of extraordinary merit in this First .National
attraction, which will be. shown at
the Greenwood Theatre on Sat.,
March 31st.
In addition to James Bennie,
who is the star's-leading man,
others appearing in important roles
are Noel Tearle, who played a leading part1 in; "Over the Hill";
Yivia Ogden, who came into prominence in . "W&y Down East";
j Charles Musaet, Tom Magaire and}
Mary Fey. W j
' Co-operative selling merely
means the clubbing together of a
number of people to place iheir
product on the market in a modern
business like manner, using modern
methods of advertising and selling.
The expense of doing this is greatly
minimized when a considerable
number of people, all interested in
the same product, unite for the
same' purpose; Co-operative Belling is necessary because there is
co-operative buying. Of course
dealers, who make their living by
trading. in farm products do not
call it by that name, hut the
modern combine, She gentlemen's
agreement or whatever else you
wish to call it, is no lass Shsn cooperation, one with another in buy*
ing as cheaply as possible, eliminating competition wherever it cast
be dose.
For self protection, therefore, the
farmer should avail himself of
every opportunity   lo coatrol hia
own market. ""V^^p^^ss^ggyw
TIIE    LEDGE.     GREENWOOD.     B.     0.
v>
xy��ofiyxxxx . ,
HEADACHE. BILIOUSNESS
W jCaNSTII^l6N,Wf
l%'^DNE^^iyi5_R^i:
x?yxBMZi&Xxy$x
Supe
rior Varieties
Of Grain
Should  Sow Only   Best
Can be Obtained
The difference in yield of different
varieties of grain when grown side by
side, frequently amounts lo several
bushels per acre. For this reason it
i.-5 worth while (o sow only the hest
varieties that can be procured. Apart
from the seed, which may cost a little
more for tlie hot tor sorts, the expense
of growing i.s practically the eame.
The Improved crop may b��_ depended
on to more than offset lhe cost of the
superior need and leavo a good profit.
Tho Dominion Experimental Farms
have not only developed many of ihe.
best kinds of grain now grown, but
they have ascertained by comparison
which of these and of oilier varieties
are the most productive, ln Pamphlet
No. 31 of the Experimental Farms
Tlranch of the Dominion Department
of Agriculture, wheats are. classified
in several groups. It is in (he second
group, which is classified as early
ripening, that .Marquis, otherwise
known as Ottawa .ii, appeals. This
variety is set down as the leading
wheat of Canada not only in yielding
and standing well, but in making tho
very highest class of Hour. Early Red
Fife, Huron, Kitchener and Red Bobs
also appear in this group. In the still
earlier sorts, Pioneer and Ruby are
named as particularly adapted for
more northerly districts where the
growing season is short. A stil)
earlier kind is Prelude, which is recommended for districts where there is
a, tendency towards the production of
too long straw, and where the greatest
possible eaiiiness is essential.
Ln oats Alaska and Daubeney Ottawa So. 47 are given as desirable
early ripening sorts. Later kinds of
high value are Abundance, Banner Ottawa. No. -19, Golden Rain, LIgowo,
0. A. C. No. 72 and Victory. Where
the seed can be obtaiued, a hulless
variety called Liberty Ottawa No. -ISO
is useful for the -feeding of young
animals and chickens.
In barleys, Alberta, Bearer, Chinese,
Manchurian and O. A. C.:No. 21 fire nil
recommended ��� in the six-rowed class!
Charlotleldwu No. '��� SO," ��� 7Du.di.bm " and
Gold are giv.en ; as - good. - two-rowed
sorts.- A Eur'dpcari two-rowed.yiirietj;
called JTanncheh-luiH given very-good,
results-.' iii 'sortie, parts, of".Saskatchewan.  ',-.-.. -... X.- '.X'X'  ' X-. x   .-���-
An Ancient Temple
!
The  Useful Palm Ti
rce
After Every Meal
The Feathered Glider
Excavations on Site of Chaldean City
Prove of Great  Importance
Discoveries that are expected lo be
of great archaeological importance
have heen made by the joint expedition of ihe British .Museum and lho
University of Pennsylvania Museum
on u_��; site of lhe city City of Ur, the
ancient capital of thc- Chaldeans, in
Mesopotamia.
A letter made public by Dr. George
B. Gordon, Director of the Pennsylvania Museum, from C. Leonard
Wooley, leader of tha expedition, said
the explorer had found beneath a
floor built by Persian conquerors of
Ur and below a pavement laid by King
Nebuchadnezzar, in the temple of the
Varieties that Moon God, a secret recess containing
a great store of jewels, ornaments o_
gold and other records of a civilization
which existed fifty centuries ago. In
addition to the jewels and ornaments
a golden statue of a woman, silver and
bronze vases, engraved sealstones and
pottery representing some fifty types
have been recovered. Thc great temple of Nannar, later known as the
Moon God, was found to be even larger than earlier explorations had Indicated and its complete excavation
probably will require many months.
"Within the temple area," said Dr.
Gordon, "the expedition has found a
great quantity of inscribed documents
and temple records. These must not
bc confused with the papyrus of
Egypt. Ur has been buried for too
many years for any parchment or
papyrus records to survive. These
are incised in cuneform characters
upon clay tablets. These tablets are
reported to be In poor condition and
It is impossible at this time to state
how valuable they are."
���.   May Lct; Foreigner's In'
.' -.Tho - Japanese -: Government, is now.
. considering the advisability' of'permitting foreign ownership of land in.Jap-
. an,;,somei.hing that .liad been strictly
'.'forbidden   iiv'" the-, .past.     This   announcement was ma'dcin :th<i. Diet rc-
-cent.ly by .Count U'chid;i.,V Minister for
��� Foreign" Affairs..'   _ It Vis---contended by
/advocates of-the" proposed concession;
-that" the'.opening of. lhc land.for .foreign, ownership hero would"open.-the
V door .for-.better freiitmc.it:of Japanese
7 in foreign countries-. -   '  .-- ."���    ".. ��� '..
-Marvels of Science-7-7 "-���������
": ������- The day .is-not .far dis'tant.wlien huV
man heads; can be -interchanged, think
vs(:ienti_.j;.^
.atiorfout. successfully"- with-', insects.
' Eyes ."also .have." been removed "from
' rats,' fish and toads- and grafted' into
the heads of. other subjects:"    J
V .'The -world's, re cord obelisk, lias been
.unearthed at Assouan; Egypt.:. It is
113' feet long, 1! feet at base and-eight-
feet at narrow! endVand weighs ISO.
V'tcms.        ��� '. ' ���' '      "'
TO EXPECTANT
WMOTHERS
A Letter fiom Mrs. Smith Tells How
Lydia E; Pinkhaffi's Vegetable
Compound Helped Her
Honey-Filled Tree
Cedar Tree Pours Forth Its Accumulated Riches
In the virgin cedar swamp of Mr.
P. Berranlgan, on Alumettc Island,
near Alumettc Rapids, Ont., another
huge cedar tree has poured forth its
accumulated riches of perhaps centuries.
This time il. is a cache of wild honey
lying in combs that measure two and
three feet square. The son of Mr.
L. G. Foster, whose single mill near
Pembroke is devouring the product of
this splendid swamp, preserved in a
miraculous manner from the de-
vasting fires of the centuries, says
there are at least five hundred pounds
of wild honey. Before precaution
could bo taken, exposure to the cold
weather had frozen the huge colony of
wild bees which year after year had
colonized and slocked with honey the
dead heart of the huge cedar. -
Forming Habits
of
We -.Should Cultivate 'the " Habit'
'XX'". .'--.' :-. Good Fellowship; ..;\
' "Man,", it'has been said, "is'aV bundle "ofViabits;"'flTid habit is' 'sccond.'ha-.
tureWW " ,""'.. W '-'-' .'y-.-'X. [.'-[ -['
V'.IIavc you ~ the habit of "forming, habits ?."-_" Of course .you . liave; Vwe .all
'have.. It ia one'of tlie'easiest things
In the, world to7do. Aye'form habits
consciously and.unconsciously; intentionally and .unintentionally,; aiid "once
formed.-they are -like, .a chaihj-of -iron
around bur necks.. -.They become part
of pur. daily life; .' Todoften they are
bad. V'-Txy tlichabit'of forming one
good habit-each day, anddiscontinuing
one' bad."one.'-'--: Replace- the- habit .'of
mallce-.Avith that of good fellowship-,
of -"tiate: with-'love f of envy-with good
will;.of.fear.with.'confidence.V. Cultivate the.hab.It o" good fellowship and
the' bad Jiablts .will of necessity_-disappear. .-.With,"good fellbwsliip. in .the
.heart. ..hcre'Uivill beVna. rooni.for.nial.r-
ic.e, hate or envy. Get the"-habit; of
good-'fellowship!���The Kiwanis Magazine.    ','���'      ' 7 " -   W.
Every Part is of Service  to  Egyptinn :
People !
"A Briton iii  Kgypl,"  writing from !
Cairo, says:
The raucous voice of a dusky "I'd- !
hih," trundling his barrow down lhe;
street, with its cry of "ijnluli," adnioa-1
ishes us lhat our changing Kgyplian j
year has brought us round again to j
the season of dates, which, fresh ori
dried, form such a f;i:ipl<\ p;irt of iiiej
diet of the dc-serei. A few weeks ago '
the year's crop was dangling, like j
masses of red honeycomb below im>j
branching leaves of ihat aerial fern,!
the palm tree. Imagination saw (he i
fire-topped stems as blazing torches
against the evening gold of lhe sky.
Today the fruit i.s gathered and stored for drying. 'The.palms have adorned their tall crests with a new inner
circle^of fresh leaves, and the oldest
branches at the base of the green iult
are drooping to earth, like the back-
turned antennae of a gigantic beetle.
The palm tree's animal tribute to
dwellers in the east is not of fruit
alone. Every part of tho tree fulfills
sonic essential service for human kind.
The drooping leaves when they are
cut, will make brooms for our balconies and garden paths. The wiry
shreds of bark, that come away with
the several! branche.s, are picked over
by fellaheen' women at the doors of
their mud huts, and iheir coarse fibres
separated to be made inlo mats, us-.tl
In weaving baskets, or spun Into rope
Broken into sections, the palm
leaves will be arranged In natural
"ehevaux-de-frise" to protect young
shoots from the scorching sun or f#
screen the budding grapes from the
ravages of next summer's birds. The
long lance-like stems will make sufficient foundation for' the roofs of tlie
fellaheen mud architecture.
Moslem people cherish a quaint and
attractive tradition, which bespeaks
their gratitude for the tree that is so'
nearly the staff of their life.
AVhen God created Adam, they say,
from the dust of the earth, there remained over a little handful of earth
froin the,raw material of his handiwork, and with it He created the
palm tree to be man's own brother in
the vegetable world and the supplier
of his greatest needs. , And the sign
of-this kinship is preserved in a characteristic whicli separates the palm
from all other frees. As man can
live, though maimed of his limbs, so
can the palm tree survive, though it
may shed its bark and its branches.
Cut cut off their heads, and man and
palm alike must die.
Model
Alberta Poultry for B.C.
Breeding of Poultry Being Developed
In British Columbia.on Large
' ��� Scale
; .Poultry.-raising is being developed
in British-Columbia on.a large scale
and a lot .'of new-poultry plants are
being opened up by" the .returned soldiers, it'is reported. .In fact. B.C. is'
getting'to the state-where it will soon
lie "an exporter rattier than an import:
.er. of eggs, and fowl. -   -. . . .7.-. ";    , .
"This year .they arc'getting a; lot .of
eggs for hatching and are.also coining
as far as Alberta for breeding birds
and 'day.-oid chicks. --'-; ; ; -' " V ���_ -; - '���'.-
': J.eecntly,. at',one-.. shipment $100
worth of breeding-males were'shipped
from the ���C.P.R." farm'at Strathmoro fo
British-Columbia".and they, have'thousands of-orders-.for day-old chicks both
in.Alberta-and in.B.C.   . -   ": ���'"--' '.',"'������
7 If. tlie western - province .Vwhich- up
till now. has been our 'biggest* market,,
starts to supply, itself.- and 'in 7fact-
start's -to "��� export, - it will mean "that
more -of. Alberta products go east;���
Edmonton Bulletin. --'! .'-..-' 7- V" ' .-
In work or
play, it gives
the poise and
steadiness thai
mean success.
It kelps digestion*
allays thirsl, keeping tlie mouth cool
and moist, the tluoaa
muscles relaxed
and pliant and tfi,e
nerves at ease.
M.-ui-o'-War Bird Taken As
For Airplanes
A model for airplanes nnd gliders,
is lho M.-m o'-War bird, which calmly
lloais through ihe air, seemingly without, moving its wings, for hours at a
lime. Sometimes ascending in spirals, io a high aliiiude, or drifting J Ai least sixty per cent, of a dentist's
lazily along, it directs its easy flight j patients are women. The.other forty
by changes of the angle qf its "plane;," j per cent, are men and children. There
are two reasons for this;  one is that
Women  more   frequently   consult  tlie
"YOUR TEETH"
DECAY OF WOMEN'S TEETH
By    Uea    Proctor    McGee,    M.D..
"      D.D.S..  Pittsburgh. Pa.
M
FQR*
ABETTER
SCORE
"  Trenton, Ont.��~"Iam writing.toyc
in regard to Lydia E. Pink ham's "Vegetable Compound.-. I
Older Than Egypt
Relics.of Ancient Race .Found on Kola'
--.   "Peninsula-
-Remains of h. very ancient civilizar.
tion, believed'to.be much older than
the Egyptian, have been found on"the
Kola��� Peninsula in."Lapland, between
tiie. Arctic Ocean.-and :i'he;White Sea;'
-This, ahdniincement Was- made Ja'a
. despatch- from Petrograd,, which, said
ii Russian expedition.-ied. by .Professor
ila'rlsenko,. liaih'just returned witli tlio
n^ws.of. the: discovery:      '"--'-.   ,[.;���[
���'��� Pyramid-shaped' tquibs were  found
"and. "there   were.' traces pf.dwclljng.s
-and temples reared   long ." before" the
days of Tut-ankh-ahien, it is, thought.
They. Used- Newspapers '"'.--.-
would not" be with-.'. \yUh"-a, con pic -.of', school .friendsVi
out it. 1 have taken v...iit for-'a-whllc'lnto "the" coiintrv" r.V-
&SST w2 ��te ! ^nily, and:ca;iled ;at' ��� thW hoiisc/: of
and afterwards,"and il country wpmiin-whom,I knew.. - -v-V;
find'ita.great help..]-  She -i'nvited'Us" lo"slay..for. tea; anil,"
""KiUj.,';-.toI<V;Iier   to ' bring-the,-tablyj
cLoili;; X:yi y, X': ��� -:       '
The   child, re turned;."in a few .minutes, saying, to the annojahce^bfTier
mother nnd to ihe amiisemont of'tiie
to    wait,    for
reading   it.
stairs."'
-a
ip-
nesg. of breath and
ringing in niyears;
I .felt as if 1 would
never,^ull through.
One- day.'a friend of
my husband told him what the Vcgeta-
;V'ble Compound had done for his wife and   other: "You'll have
-'" advised- him to tafce a bottle homc for   vt-liil*-��� "ramlf-uln-i-'
- ine.- -After the fourth bottle-.1 was a       '	
7 different woman- I have four children
-V now,-and I always find the Vegetable
.-Compound a*great heip as it seems to
"'jiiake confinement easier.- I recommend
"it to' mv. friends:"���Mrs. Feed. Hi
Smith, John St., Trenton, Ont. ,
'   ' Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com- \^y- S'oars b'mcc
pound is an excellent medicine for ex-   hall.
pectant mothers, and should be taken ,    Music . Halt   Artist. {res-'reffully),--
during the "entire period.   K h*" ��?"'   And I'm quite .certain, sir/it's .twen'v
eral effect-to strengthen and tone upthe .   '...       . . '     .��� \���.   ��� V   -
CTtiSsys^m. so Wit may work m   year* smre I .was ma bank.7. ���-   .. .
every respect-effectually as nature in-!. _^_7������__ ^_-  < .:
.tended-.  Thousands,;of women testify;'    u. was an ancient, belief that nine
���' to this.faet..   . ... -     gr5in5 of wheat laid on a four-leaved
'' W-' 7^7 "OV'iTclf'' "     I clover enabled one to see tiie fairies." .
Affable Pas?engejv���Indeed, and you
; are a music hail artist! I ani a bank-
>cr, and t think it niu.st he" af loast
I was in a, music
Umber Wolves Not Dangerous
Thrilling      Stories      of      Man-Eating
Wolves Said to be Fiction '"
The "big" stories of ferocious man-
eating wolves that have come out of
the north country during the past winter make good fiction, but are fur from
the truth, and are harmful in creating
a false impression of the northland to
newly arrived settlers. The phantom
wolf stories are having u terrifying effect upon the wires and children of
newly arrived settlers,, according to
Kev. P. 0. Stevens, a veteran missionary who has lived among the Indians
for 30 years, and stationed for thc
past 35 years at the Fisher River,
Manitoba, Indian reserve, y
The thrilling tales of people being
pursued by wolves make good reading,
said air. Stevens, but they have no
place In fact, for no p*erson in the
north country, white or red, ever has
heard of a timber wolf attacking or
killing a man. They are the" most
cowardly of beasts, more fearful of
man than the lowest bred mongrel.
The wolf is a very inquisitive animal,
Mr. Stevens says, and often will follow a human being for several miles
out of sheer curiosity, but turn on him,
and he flies with his tail curled between Jiis legs. Although these
wolves are as large as a St. Ucrnard
dog. they frequently are taken out of
traps by the Indians, hitched in with a,
dog team and made to worlc with a dog
team on the first day of their capture,
he asserts. Once iu the power of
man, they are utterly bereft of courage. Single-handed and armed only
with a stick Indians have often chased
and clubbed them to death.
During his three decades Iu :he
north he has travelled' thousands of
miles, mushing it alone wiih dog
teams,-and"Mr. Sievens has never-given a-thought.to. the possibility of being attacked by wolves. . He has observed, wolves "following -him -but'he
knew that-they-were after his,dogs;
A timber "wolf--likes nothing 'better,
than,clog nieat. and pains must be taken ib-protect'the teams against the
'nlglit prowlers. :' -lie" mny.Vhowf hideously iu.-tiie. outskirts of-aVcanip.Jira;
but-the'object of his interest invariably'will; bo..found to. be a "joint of.
moose, orateam of dogs. V ".���'.,"".'
- It is the expressed-opinion-of all
naturalists, that the-' American'" timber wolf does-not attack, human bc^'
ings, and. Mr.. Stevens, declares; he'is
fully.'.persuaded . that 7 th��". Canadian
timber-wolf, like. liisrAmerican "cousin;,
has established no authentic record of
having taken human life. ,     -  - "''-. -.
i ko slight as to be almost jmperccpt-
I ilile. The bird which is distinctly
! tropical, is impressive by reason ot its
j size and ilio wide stretch of its long
! narrow wings, measuring nearly eight
feet across. When thousands of these
birds in one great: Hack soar on motionless pinions they appear like an
aerial army of invasion. The German'scientists who bent their energies
toward the perfecting of "gliders,"
made their first experiments with
caged birds. Into ihe great cages in
which birds ot ��� various kinds were
kept, they pumped air.currents, noting carefully the effect which these
would have upon the Ilight of the
birds. The success which the "glider" has attained through science, is
being more and more demonstrated
every day.
W WB;���. Honey ;Crop"x V
Largest.Crop.iii-History Garn.ered-l-ast
' ",,'"" - .Year' 7 .'.'-."- - 7 \
. The largest "honey-crop'7in the hls-
torS'.bf -British.Columbia was. garnered
during'--1922. -registering";',as, .it" 'did a
value of $177,839. at''wholesale.-"" Last
year's big output represented the remarkable average
honey per- hive
2,1-13.apiaries.. This- compare's favor-;
ably witli 1021. when the average production was-30 pounds per .hive, from
30,320 hives, in 2,072 "apiaries,. ��� ''���"-"..
7MW:,Wit!iLPredges
Gold
of .' SI ��� pounds" .of
from' ll,591" hives; in
���.-���:.'' -.Ontario Gold Production- .. .'"
7 Figures -just, published byc the On-
iario' Department of ..'Mines.show- that
in the-iirst nine" months ofVihc -past
year. Uie value-of" the-gold output in
the province .was' moro.'than,?15,000,:
000, as compared withsomething. over
��9,700,000 for the corresponding period
in'the previous, year..-; ".Vhcii -figures
are complete for the'twelvc-��� months',
period,'Ontario will -stand - ahead-'of
California as'a gold producer.-V ;      -y
-;���-���.'.��� '; U.S: Tariff.Receipts W-'.'-/
.vU.SV tariff" ree'eipi's^are-. rapidly, ajv
proaching. a mark- of ��2,o'00',0,6o :V day,
unprecedented iri the history of. the
.X-uited' Slates, 'according .lo-,.l.c^Kury
figures;..," v..yyX'-- ,-,;---*���    ��� X- ��� .���.
An Alberta Winner
John   McKenzic,   of Lacombe, Al
b'erta, captured the grand aggregate
honors in the livestock judging contest at Brandon "Winicr Fair, held recently.-   There were 51 contestants.
Dredges "Extensively Used for
Mining.in the Yukon - ,
-A . considerable.; proportion of "the
placer gold that "comes from the Yukon
Territory. .Canada,, is mined by means"
of-; dredges,- some", of which are. among
the'largest in the- world, capable- of
excavating and treating:" 15,000 . cubic
-yards->;of gravel, per. day." ."These,
dredges' are,. operated, by electric
power a'nd'havo been, found to be most
satisfactory-; The period of operations,
is' not- confined to- the''short summer
season prevalent .in that' district; as
they cim operai c- long after .winter, has
.set iri. ��� OneVseason. a .dredge work Ing-
-on-the Klohdyko,River was.maintain-;
ed.in operation allwiht'en There are
dredges used" for "this purpose. in,-Yu'-
kon.TeiTitory;' '' Thisy' are:" located at
th.e present ;timeV'on- tlie lower.pavt. of
'"the Klondyko. River, ohsIIunker.'Creek,
Gold Run Creek, Dominion- Creek rind
Highest Creek. - ,'Th- order tq.'mine the"
'submerged beds .'of rivers and.lakes'in
Yukon, theVUeparlihent of the'interior,
Canada/introduced ...dredging . regula-,
iidns. iuider. which, dr.edgiii'g'-lea.scs for
such areas, are- issued... - ',:��� - -r_-��-'
HEART PALPITATED
And Was Short Of Breath
Through oue cause or another a
large majority of people are troubled,
more or Jess, with some form of heart
trouble. "
Many people may be unaware of
having anything wrong with their
heart till some little excitement, overwork or worry starts, it to palpitate
and throb, skip beats, beat fast for
a time and then so slow as lo seem
almost to stop, then it causes great
anxiety and alarm.
To all such sufferers
MILBURN'S
HEART AND NERVE PILLS
will give prompt and permanent relief. Mrs. Alice Bishop,��� 15 Hawthorne Ave., 1-Iamiiton, Ont., writes: ���
"1 take pleasure in recommending Milburn's Heart and Nerve Pills to all
persons troubled as I had been.
I suffered from palpitation of the
heart and shortness of breath; my
heart would skip beats, and in *.he
night, at times, I would havo to sit
up to get my breath. I could not go
up stairs without my heart fluttering,
and my nerves were all unstrung, but
since using your famous Pills I. have
felt like a different person."
Price 50c a box at all dealers .or
mailed direct on receipt of price by
The T. Milburn Co., Limited, Toronto,
Ont.
Yukon ��urs
Yukon Proves One of the Best Fin-
Producing Sections of Canada
The Yukon Territory is holding up
well "as one of the leading fur producing sections of Canada. The official
report shows a total of approximately
70,000 skins taken during the year
ended August, 1922, with total value
estimated at ?.170;000. Of the skins
taken nearly 60,000 were muskrats, ;-,n
increase of. -16,000 in that particular
skin over, the previous year's catch.
The 'second heaviest catch last .'year
was Jn. weasels, with a-total-'of 3,900
skins, r'The balance'was made'/up-of
marten;-mink, "red fox",')yrix,.silver To.\v
hears, etc. X' -,-:-.. '.--, Ty :' .--;-���.'    [y
MQTHPMOVE
ilLD'SlWELS
" California; Fig v Syrup "> is
:  Child's Best Laxative -
dentist because they are more careful
of their health and appearance and
the other is that women's teeth actually are more subject to decay than
men's.
The.te^th of women are/of the same
structure as are the teeth of men and
are expected to perform the samo
work but they usually do not get the
chance because women do not oaf
foods that require as much vigorous
chewing as (hose that men select.
One of the duties of the great majority of women is either to prepare
or supervise the preparation of food
for the household. The clement of
surprise in what the next meal has in
store i.s absent and the inhalation of
(he odors of cooking food takes what
little "edge" there is left to the appetite. ��� In addition, the preparation
of food requires more or less frequent
lasting of savory mixtures.
Women as a rule are satisfied to eat
(he softer and more highly flavored
foods and sweetened desserts.   ���    ���'"
As a 'result' their teeth do not gel.
the vigorous exercise that men's teeth
do. .   .
This lack of vigorous chewing allows the mucin ot the saliva to stick
to the teeth and the debris or soft food
packs between and around ihe teeth.
Unless the teeth are most carefully
cleansed with the brush at least twice
each day and in addition are given a
prophylactic treatment by (he dentist
occasionally, fond and mucin will decompose and form an ideal soil- for the
growth of the bacteria of decay.
"Where there js decomposition of
food, organic acids are formed that attack the enamel ot ihe teeth and make
the work of the bacteria very easy.
As the teeth decay, tho packing of
food becomes more extensive and ths
gums are inflamed and bleed easily.
All inflammation of thc gums tends
toward the establishment of (hat
greatest of all enemies of the teeth-���
pyorrhea.
VALUE IS GREAT
SAYS CONTRACTOR
Declares     Tanlac      Overcame    Longstanding Intestinal Trouble and
Is Worth More than  Money
Daniel MePhadden, a prominent
contractor, of thc Richmond Court
Apartments, Saskatoon, Sask., is still
another who has realized the fact that
Tanlac "makes you eat better, sleep
better, feel better and work better.".
Mr. MePhadden has been identified
witli the people ot Saskatoon for
eighteen years. lie is one of tbe
founders of .the Saskatoon Co-operative Society, Ltd., and his standing
and influence are too ^11 known to
require further comment. ln relating his experience with Tanlac, Mr.
MePhadden said:
"I have found Tanlac to be a remarkable medicine and tonic. For
a number of years I had been bothered with intestinal-trouble and was in
a general run-down condition. 1 w:ih
under weight, couldn't sleep well :it
night, and fell tired and worn-out all
the time.
Well, nothing seemed to roach my
case and I just kept getting, woal;< r.
Kpally, I don't think .1 could havo
worked much longer-if it had not l.wn
for Tanlac. It has been worth morn
than all the money to me. J\ly aii-
jmenls are not only gone. \but I have
been built up until I feci like an entirely different man, and am enjoying
splendid health."
Tanlac is for sale by all good dm:..;
gists. ,
Over'?i:".-mI_lion bottles sold.
Influence   of  the  Planets
Have the Stars Any Effect on  Hum.-in
Life?
Long ago if. was thought that stars
had a great effect oi^us, and this belief
gradually grew into a cull called astrology.
Every action, of our lives was attributed to., the influence of the planets.
A child was born "under" such and
such a star, while other, stars had
more or, less important powers over
him, too, and by thc position of these
stars would his every'action he regu.-
lated.     ...
".Later on we -.discovered that the.
earth was, "after all, only a star itself,
and not; a very important-one at 1 hat,
aiid .that it was not the centre of '.he
universe as'-we had formerly thought."
Yet thercmav-.be something in astrology. V The "moon, we know, affects
iho" s7ea tides, -and probably." also
creates, atmospheric tides.' Pressure
of atmosphere- decidedly-does' - affect
us, mentally and-bodily; and therefore
the-old idea" of the. moon's affecting us
may not. be. so"; wrong.as w.c.-bnce"
thought.'  ���'���'.'-' ~. "..-.-; V.V ' X--i -X "���' .
... Immigration Statistics V'
' /immigration-'from tlie.'Ulritish". isles
li:is^_latel>7been .showing-,^considerable
Increase' when'compnred'.to'tlVe corresponding; period- of, last year. Uritish
fmniigrahtsVini'January. to"tal!ed7il,0rj 7-:-
in'January; 1022, they were.-167.. "Immigrants from-1he United '.Stales ��� to-;
tailed'642,-and 3,001. iii January of Jhst
year.' ."Immigrants from all countries
for the.,ten''mo.nthSif''ndin'g January 31-,
totalled, 62,S-l!., Vin'-'-coniparison'-wiih.
"82.263'-for the corresponding period-of
the previous fiscal year, a decrease of
2)-.pe'r cent.-   '   -">-."'   . - .   .'
Reason and Confidence
Pessimism Is Not Justified, by E:<isti.i<,
Conditions
The candid statements made by cm-
laiii financial men iu Calgary recently
were somewhat encouraging a:n!
should have the effect of establish!-i..
confidence .among the people of Alberta, where there is loo much pessimism. The pessimism is not justified by existing conditions.
Tho loan companies regard "tlK.ir
accounts i'xir the most part as noi
badly in arrears. Ninety per cent.,of
their loans are good and not more ilian
ten per cent, are at all questionable.
The banks have more depvsits fr".'.i
AlbertiViieoplc than they had one yc:;r
ago. That is very satisfactory :ill
round and indicates that we are at Mi"-
turn. It certainly proves that tlr:.':
is no justification of lhc pessinn'-..
whicli exists.���Calgary Albcriun.
Cause of Asthma. No.one can .-:;i;
with certainty exactly what caua-.'s
the establishing of asthmatic conditions. Lust from tlio. street, i'vt-.��.
.lowers,' from grain and various oih-i-
irritants may set up a troublo imp-i.j-
sible' (o it-radicate nxccpt through a
sure preparation such as Dr. J. P. l\ 7
logg's Asthma llemedy. Uncertainty
may exist as to cause, but there <mi.
bc no uncertainly regarding a rennciv
whicli-has freed :i generation of :>Bii,-
mattc victims from this scourge of th \
bronchial, tubes. It is sold ever;.���- -
where.
���   Post Office  in   Far  North .
A   post  ollice   which   has   rocon!!.
been established at Craig Harbor ������v,
Ellesmerc Island, in the North of ��_���!!.
.ada, is said to be Uie most norther:.-
post oil ice in the world. ". It" is o:'ily-
S50 miles from the North Pole.*;
Every year a patrol ship will��� hriii-j'
the "mails to explorers aud scienti^s
in'the'district..". What:  ihe  postm-vi
'will ���do'.between .tlie-ppstsisnoi mentioned.'.    Perhaps he will. slioot-'Po:."r-
bears!- . '���:��� -'���_". "*?��� ���     - ... ..' -,   "��� -; -" '
W - T   ���'"'-:",  ��� Cured    7   " - ���
.���.r_P.<ther,___LYoiii)g_-_.maii_-]_"7^awi'._.>
kiss lily dauglif���er.-���  WLiat'are.your
'tentions?/..'.:.'   '[���[.. ���..",'- ���-. \- '_--'    .-
V -'Neryous, Youiig" -_uaii.7rNcy_er... to!
it again", sir.-���Pathfinder. ..V :    '_- .
uo-
' Rub-it in for Lame Back!���A'brink
rubbing-with-Di:.- Thomas' -Eclectric
Oil-will 'rclifj'v/. lame- back. ��� .The .skin
will Immediately absorb the. oil and It'
will "penetrate the tissues', and bring
speedy relic!",. " Try "it a*nd'b<_:f:onvinc-
V ed. As. the .liniment sinks -inj .he
I pain comes out and there are airrj>lr>
Hurry ...tiiihef! . A. ieas_poonrn'.,-.of
"California Fig Syrup'.' now will thorr
puglily-. clean thelittle bowels,' and. in a
fe,w. hours, you have. :i well,-playful
child again. ' .Even If .cross, feverish,,
bilious, eohifetipated or full, of, cold,-
children love, its "fruity.''!"taste,"aiid
inotherii can rest easy because' it never
fails to .work all-the.souring;food7_and"
hasty, bile right- out - of the stomach
arid, bowels ��� without '.griping', or upset'-:
:.ting-the child.    !: W'_. '     .
': Teli- your .druggist you want only
the'gehuinc "California Fig 'Syrup"
whti.ii  has directions  i'or babies .and
| children of all.ages printed onbo'ttlc;
���Mother, you .must., say... -''California.".
< Kcfuse any.imitation..    -<."-;'"-.
���", A-Muskrat..Farm ..'
V Willi (lie object'of; starling a."music?,
rat farm. t)v'. Gordon Itichards, otToi':
onto, is engaged 'iir-fehciiig.ofC a. large
portion-'of the lowlands of -Newboro
Lake,.near 'lho'-village of tlie"-same
name,- to -broaden.his fur farming-activities. Vile,-is. already engaged -iii"
"raising.mink at Newbof'o!���- 7   " ���-��� .'.'.'
",.,.,v -It-Needs -Turpentine
��� Sometimes shoe- polish becomes
hard in the box and not fit to-aisc. .You
can soften it and. make it; as good.Hs
ever, if you add h' little, turpeiitiheand
-let i't.'st'and-. for a'short- time.  "- -   ���.'.-.
grounds for saying that it i.s an excellent lUiiflp.
���Don't be impatient; it ���onlynisil.c:.
people about you uncomfortable ami
doesn't hurry things a. bit.
Jersey Cattle in. Quebec '-.
According to a recent census con:
ducted by the jersey breeders' of.'Quo>
i bee there are,approximately one liuri-
'--'dred "farinr'rs raising jerseys'iu.-Unit
j province. Their,, herds comprise
| about two thousand pure-bred animal s-
i and over six hundred grades.
��� The.a\e"r;'ige'woman is so."coiili'jp/y.
that she. has faith ,in her, husband lie -
cause,nobody'X'Jse-.has.' - "    ���     i ' X;   '
Large and Red. itched and
Burned. Cuticura Heals,
' " My face, was itchy arid broke out
with'large, red pimples."-' Thejr were
scattered all over niy face aiid itched
and burned so'that I scratched which
caused them to grow larger.' I could
haidly sleep at night. .They.were-a
real torture and ray face-was a sight.
'���The trouble: lasted oboirt three
months. I began using .Cuticurr.
Soap and Ointment and; the T:rr.t
treatment- stopped the, itching and
after using" two cates of Cuticura
Soap arid one-box of Cuticura Oim--.
.meat iwasbealedl". (Signed),Miss
Ora Qoulette. R. F.'D.'.4, Box 80,
BarnyVt.. March 24, 1922, ";
- Use. Cuticura'Soap, Ointment'and.
Talcum; .exclusively for "every'-day
toilet purposes.     ' '      .",-"-'    ";-
Suspl��t��chrM��*rKi__.'A,:i!!r5f��:*'Irn��Bf,TJs��-
itei, 3-J4 St.- Pnal it., VI., U��ntr��sl." KoW rvery-
whw.-. Soip2Se. OintmeoteCandCOe. TulcnmKc.
" Culicur* Soap stinTea without hike:.
Lord.lleatty, one-of Britain's naval:���--;���-
j heroes'   in ��� the.-late v-ar, established:
I something like ti record when h*. be- j
came a captain.     Ife'rose to'tfiis runs. I
before lie was thirty. j
Look to Your Eyes
Beautiful Eyes,l.ikefine
Teeth, are the re��u!t of Constant
Care, 'i lie daily use" of Murine
iriakes -K.es Clear ,a:nj Radi^nr.
Em'n.zb!e. KarmleM.- Sold anA
Reic"tnmer;ue<l by Ait Diujigl.tj.
'Wise, men settle their ��� quarrel:-
fore.thej-'are begun.'
��NE*
/o��yct-K EVES
The lacf that there were no automobiles hi his day may account,.to-some
ostent at least, for the advanced "age
of Mr. Methuselah.���Columbus Dis-
p.urh. .    -
During    tlie    recent Turkish' crisis
more than TOO Armenian children had
to escape from Constantinople to the
I Greek "jsdar.d of Corfu.
WeUwotthffia hox
The. added-length of .MAPLE
3LEAP MATCHES means greater safety
when lightiing ranges, stores <6r lanterns;
They wil! not glow after tise. They are
not poisonous. Rata won't gnaw.them.
They ivithsfand more moisture.
Thcy are Different and Bei_er.
-   Ask for them
by name s
$<
11
THE GA^^tADIAH MATCH C9
,4   UMlTED,MONTREAI.. I** ,��
THE     L.EDGH.     GRKKWYOOD.     II.     C.
���w
'. "Vi
"IS' if
Canada Shonid
ake Contributions To
ritish Naval Expenses
London.���Speaking in ihe House of
Commons during  the report stage off
the navy vote, Sir 0. Kinloch-Cook.?,
Conservative  member   for  Devonporf, i
.argued that as, under the Washington'
agreement,  the  Dominions  were  pro-
eluded from building further warships, j
the time had come when they shonid
consider   monetary   contribution's   io !
Uritish naval costs.
A naval conference representative
of all parts of inc. Kinpiru,should ,bo
called, lie declared.    .  "
Commander G. Daikiirc (C'onserva-
live, Maidstone), said Canada had
passed a resolution in 190!) in favor
of large naval-contributions and had
also suggested at tho' Imperial coh-
forencn. that the Admiralty should
prepare estimates on a basis of .CtlOO,-
000 and also ;C.100.000 .yearly. Tho
navy did so and found thcy could get
live light, cruisers and four destroyers
fully manned for ��-100,000.
"We, however, never had that made
good iu. any way," said Commander
Bellaire. He suggested.It was as virtual a promise to Great Britain for a
naval contribution as ever was the
promise in tho. Canadian cattle embargo pledge.
. Col. L/C. Amery, First Lord of the
Admiralty; speaking subsequently,
rejected Commander _BeIlaire's suggestion that the naval base at Gibraltar should bc removed elsewhere. The
objection, said the First Lord, was the
enormous cost and diiliculty of finding
a position where suc-h a valuable base
could bc created,
Tho matter of tho cable despatches
which passed between ihe Lloyd
George Government aud the Canadian Government last September whon
vwar with Turkey was threatened and
ft was suggested that Canada should
co-operate with' Great Britain in any
military effort in-ihe Near East caiuo
up at- question time in the House of
.Commons when a member asked why
the despatches in question wore mn
made public.
Premier Bonar Law declined to
slate why the Governineiil objected
to the publication of ihe despatches.
He,said he 'was awaru of what tlie
Canadian premier had said in a general statement/made in (he Canadian Parliament on February 1, out
it was thought advisable in the pub-
He interests not to publish life text
of thc communication of September,
many of which wore of, a secret and
confidential nature.
nitoba Farmers
Discuss Wheat Board
{inees.     Under these conditions ii was.
I impossible of success. .' . !
|  - Neither" Premier. Dunning nor Prem-!
; ior Bracken liad ri.iv.ch faith in lhe pro- j
j posal.   declared Mr. Muir, Mr. Wood of"\
j Alberta was the chid man behind the j
, demand    for   a   hoard to control audi'
; stabilize   the  market-���but.    the,    only j
way it i.-tiulcl control  would be.: by re-j
larding the  flow ol grain, anil' if old i
country mi tiers and buyers  were re- i
fused wheat-, by ihe hoard when they!
! wi nl ed it, ihey. would-'buy elsewhere'}
j and leave  a   lot of wheal,  without  a!
j market,    on    the   Canadian    farmers'���{
j bands.       Mr.   Muir   cited   figures   to J
Strong. Feeling   Expressed   that   Plan j show ihat froin 1908    io    Jijli;    iherc
Will Not Worlc Satisfactory j were only two years out  of the eight
when it might have'paid ;'i. fanner'io
hold his  wheal.      Generally speaking
il. did not pay. ..-.������
If    wheat.' were    around a dollar a
bushel, declared  Mr. Muir, ihe board
could   not   afford   lo  pay   ihe   farmer
... ,.,���., r ���     -, more than 7,1 cents as an initial nav-
met  tor the  purpose  of pronouncing ���  , ' ,l->
' ment,   and   they  would   have  lo
WESTERN   EDITORS
Activity In Building
The proposed establishment of u j
compulsory wheat board to handle the
V.V22 crop, was the subject of an inter-,'
est ing discussion at Portage la PrairieV
on'Saturday,. March 10, when upwards j
of 50 leading farmers of the district.
their views in anticipation of a wheat I
board bill being introduced into the
Manitoba Legislature.
'���.Among the representative farmers
wlio spoke were Ed. Muir,'for many-
yea r.s reeve of the rural municipality
of Portage la Prairie, who was bom in
Manitoba and has spent most: of his
life farming upon a largo scale al
High "Bluff; Joseph Trimble, President
of. the High Bluff local of the United
Farmers of Manitoba; Frank Baker, a
representative of the Farmers' Advocate,7 Thomas Kitson, a prominent
farmer of Portage Plains; J. Tidsbury,
another leading farmer of High Bluff,
who farms upon much the same scale
as Mr. Muir; Charles Grobb (Chairman), another old-timer of Manitoba.
wan
1 I or It. month., for the balance. Hc
did not see 'how any fanner in (lie
west could curry ou if he received only
75 per cent., or less, of Uie value of
his wheat. v
Mr. Joseph Trimble, President of
the High Bluff local of the C.F.M., declared tliat lie was opposed to the
wheat board for many of the same
reasons- as advanced by Mr. Muir.
There were no financial arrangemcife
-that could bc worked oui:.' lie said/under the proposed plan. Without control of transport, terminals and flour,
it was a poor, weak and lame attempt
lo handle the wheat crop of this coun-'
try. - He added: "I feel that the Western provinces havo harvests inter than
ours and have \not the railway facili-
and a largo farmer himself; W, Mac- j ,|es U)at ve liav0i aml owlng to tlie.
Irenzie,. another member of the Port-1 distances they have to haul they can't
ago   local   of   the U.F.M., and many
The Briquetting Experiments
Senator Claims that Bienfait Tests
Are Dismal Failure
Ottawa.���The expenditure of ?yu0,-
000 ou briquet ting experiments ai
Bienfait, Sask., of which one-half was
paid by tho Dominion Governmenrand
it quarter each by Manitoba and Saskatchewan, was brought up in Uie
Senate by Senator Casgrain.
He felt, that a committee to investigate this expenditure should be appointed. He hIso recommended tli.it
efforts be mado .to utilize the plant for
some other purpose. The experiments had been, a hopeless failure, lie
said.   " - -.' .-.-'-���'. V
7 Senator Turin, recommended-that: a
further "small expenditure be. made. to.
complete the experiments.  :.-..---   ���
others.
j\rr. Muir staled thai he would much
rather listen to others than talk himself, but felt that the "desire of tlie
farmers lo secure a better price for
their wheat would not be accomplished by a wheat board; in fact, the-lOll)
wheal board was designed, he said, to
keep .prices from going higher, to
stabilize, financial conditions and stave
off financial panic.
..Conditions now were, not ,thc same
as in J 919; in that year, said Mr. Muir,
all allied Kuropean nations were buying through one board; not only had
that condition changed, but the powers provided in the federal bill for the
wheat board now proposed/were far
short'of the powers whicli thc 1919
board possessed. During war, governments could, exercise all manner of
compulsory powers whicli could not be
called into play in limes of peace.
The 1919 board had power over transportation: il had power over terminals at the.head of the Great Lakes-
full control, in fact; it had control
over milling and flour and also had
the Iricndly co-operation of the grain'
trade and those wlio owned grain
handling facilities!. ..
j The proposed board for l$23, would
jiot have those power?; and in spite of
i Official    Statistics    Show    Revival
j Building Trade
:" i Ottawa.���The value of buildings :ii
j iliorized  throughout    Canada    during I
February    was    considerably    high ?r!
than  i'or  ihe  month of January,  and;
also higher than 'for February of last'
year.     According to official statistics, j
cities  making returns issued  yer-
in 1
Plan Of Senate Reform
ubmittedfo Commons
By Minister 0f Finance
-o
! 50
I mils     during.    February     valued
:u.
EXEMPT FROM TAXATION
?l,7-i'l,-17S, compared with ?:.,70i).25ri in
January, aud wiih ,?���!,20.1 .!):">..   iu Feb
ruary last year.    The largest ���percent
age in increase occurred in Saskalcho
wan    where   permits    were JS2.I. per j   .uuawa.~Lnn.eii      .suites      citizens j pressing a poison
cent greai'er Ihan in the; correspond- j w01'ltjnS in Canada but resident in the j a nominated Senate as follow
I NO  CANADIAN  TAX  UPON  A'MERI-
j     CANS    WORKING    IN    CANADA
j BUT LIVING IN  U.S.
Ottawa.-;Hon. \\ S Fielding, Minister of Finance, submitted to the
House of Common., a .scheme ol Senate reforms. In biief, his .scheme���
as~ he 'emphasized ihat he vas not
speaking i'or tho (jo eminent, but e.v-
.11 iiew��� provided .or
t ing month last.year. S_
Of   the   larger, ciiies,'Toronto, Ot
lawn, Calgary,  Vie1orJa..iind' Vaiieou
J ver showed larger totals, while Mo:a
' treal and \Yinni��e
1 United States will remain exempt from'
X. Carter, Editor and Publisher
The Press, Wilkie, Sask.
of
Mr. A. F. Brydon slated that he hud
called up many farmers of his ac-!
quaintancc whp .could'not get to the
meeting owing to the storms and the
conditions of the roads, and not one
of them had wanted a wheat board.
Mr. Trimble regretted Unit the roads
and storms precluded -100 or 500 farmers from meeting, but felt-ihat the
ventilation1 of the views expressed
might result in more and larger meetings at which the propositi for a wheats
board couliI_.be very thoroughly' discussed.        "
Mr. Grobb, in closing the meeting,
declared that there had been a strong
reaction from tbe wheat board idea,
and that many who three months ago
favored a wheat boj.in'1,
i'erly opposed tol.V
wero now .it-
market il as early iu the falf as we do.
But when wc market HI! per centT of
ouf crop before Saskatchewan ever
gets in at all, and about G5 or, Glr-pcr
cent, of our crop if. marketed in the
first 2 mouths of the season, wc would
bo* sacrificing an awful lot to Saskatchewan and Alberta in the way of premiums. Take thc records of the 'Winnipeg grain exchange and the Chicago
grain exchange, the latter for 60 or Co
years; the winter price has loomed
very largely as the chief ^rasis; we
would-bo sacrificing an awful lot to
the western provinces in going in for
a wheat board."
''Another fact I might mention,"
added Mr. Trimble, "i.s that 1 feel $s
an individual farmer that 1 am not
prepared- to take CO or 70 cents a
bushel next fall and wait 12 months
for the balance: J feci that thai is
largely the ca3e with every farmer in
the province of Manitoba today. I
feel that it would be a very grave injustice to the province of Manitoba for
us to market on any programme like
that, at the. present time."
Mr. Mackenzie felt thai, those expressions should have nct'ii brought.
i
(I)���One hill nominated    (;t->    the
j Canadian income tax. j Senate j;. now 11 .lninatcd) by the J'o-
i     Under an amendment id the Cana- J million Government and  10 be knoMi
I dian Income 'fax .Act passed last ses-1 as Dominion Sen.iuus.
recorded declines.- ision'   ''"dboriiy   war.   given   10   make j     (2)---One    hall     nominated
 :, . . . {United States citizens working in, out j Provincial'  govininenis    ;:nd
Q    -' *-1   D   1 r '11C"' ri?si('0Ilt m Canada, liable  (0 in- j known as Proiitif hi I Senators.
uP���CI��ll   fultCS   OR   Lr63ltl     'come'tax, while    the . United    States j    The nominations would    bc
  ��� granted exemption 10 Canadians simi- j period   ot   ten   i ��_u-. wiih ol
Privy    Council     Allows     Appeal     of j htrly .situated.      The amendment was! for a second Icn _e.ii-..
National  Dairy Council I 10 go into; effect, on proclamation, bur j    At    eighty    jcns
Ottawa.���Tho appeal of lhc Nation- j '" view of the recent act of Congress
al Dairy Council from .judgment of 1 he! conferring   exemption   on   Canadians
O'
ho
lo
bo
lor
.1
.ihilH.
railway commission which refused application for the cancellation of tlie;
2.0 per cent, jn commodity rales on
cream, has been allowed by the Prjvjs
Council. Accordingly special conn
niodity express rates will become ef-
fociire after April X.ivcxl.
The appeal of -the National  Dairy j
Council from a judgment of the railway commission refusing '��� lo   classify j
ice cream as a second class express
commodity has been dismissed'
working, but not resident, in the
States, lhe Canadian amendment will
not. be proclaimed.   _
Spring Rush In Yukon
would
\yould
All
Being
,out long before;.ho voted $oi\.a wheat
--'. ��� :_ Would ^Abolish" Prefix
.--  Ottawa.���The.''abolition of" tlio "pro-"'
���" fixes 'Tlonorabi'e'-' and ""-"'Bight^llonoi-
able" for members of> the privy, couh.-.
, ' cils of Caiiadajand- Great Britain re-
-" spectively, isVe.e.omui ended in a re so-'
��� lution which' l7..II! -Miu'teli - (Liberal.
- Ilahts),"intends tiioviiig iiVihe House
.'of Commons!'"-"  -'.'-���:". V . V. ',' 7.
board ut (hc last TJ.F.M. Convention,
being   fairly-' well satisfied with the .
operations of the 19.10 board,     lie re-f
called    that   Mr.   Dice-Jones, of thc
United  Grain  Growers Limited,  had
declared that he would not accept the
having these powers, the 1919 board I chairmanship of a '.11323 board, giving
had not been a success i'rom the
standpoint of securing better prices
i'or thc farmers. The average price
secured by United States farmers-dur-
ing 1 in; pperatipns of the 1919 board
'was UO cents per bushel higher than
the ?2.G3 secured by the Canadian farmers for No. I Northern. As a mat-j handling the wheat crop. Both be
ier of Jiict. many farmers adjacent lo lieved the present system the besi, wiih
iho   international   boundarv,   hauled .���il bctter degree ��L co-operation among
as a reason, that he did not know
enough about transportation. Premier Bracken, he also recalled, had
pointed out that Manitoba farmers
stood to lose In premiums.
Mr. Vf. Hyde and Mr.-Thomas Kit-
sou both expressed the view that a
wheat board," compulsory or otherwise, was not ihe proper system i'or
Saskatchewan House
Is Prorogued
Final Passage of Some Thirty Bills on
Order Paper
Regina.���After being jn session "0
working days,, the Saskatchewan
Legislature was prorogued ai 10.30
Thursday night. y
In proroguing the third session of
tho fifth legislature, with the usual
ceremonies, His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor made reference to the
new enactments simplifying and making less expensive the process ot debt
collections; the provisions made for
the treatment of tuberculosis; tlie
creation of a department of health,
and the passage of resolutions for
presentation to the Federal Government.
' While tho last day's work" consisted principally of the completion in
committee and iimil passage of some,
thirty bills still on the order paper, a
couple of announcements of interest
were made in ^connection ��� with the
Royal Grain Inquiry Commission and
the'proposed "cruise io Hudson's Hay
through ihe straits to bc organized by
eastern interests.
In connection with the former iho
Premier stated as hc had not"received any replies from Ottawa to his
queries, the House would have to remain satisfied with thc assumption
that the province already has sufficient authority to confer powers on
the commission with respect to the
inquiry so far as it affected the in 1 crests of this province.
Willi respect to the irip to Hudson',*
Means   of   Transportation
Used to Carry Ore
Dawson.���Tlie spring rush is on jn
tlie Yukon.     The overland trail from
While -Horse   lo  Dawson  and   Mayo
with horse'and dog teams aud hikers
bound northward.'-     The White Fass
shipyards' are operating at full blast
j repairing the upper Yukon river Jlect.
W.   Davidson,  of  Calgary.   Elected      a    ten-toii    caterpillar tractor with
Ihree trailers hauling five tons ot
freight each has started over the i'rjil
from While Horse for Mayo, a distance of o00 miles, the first journey of
Rotary Presentation
Nominee for Governor
Winnipeg���Presentation of Crawford's Rotary wheel by the Yorkton
Club to the Fort William' and Port
Arthur Club, fhe Osborne attendance
shield to Kenora, and the conference
attendance trophy to North Baltic-
ford, were Hie chief features of tho
final session of the sixth annual convention of the fourth district, International Rotary here.
James W. D.-nidson, lust President
ot age Senators
be K'liting. Mi. rii.idi.T_
not diatuib exiting Senatois
but woultl give them lho light to retire, nt 75'on ti pension of twn-Umd-,
; of their pres<nl ituleinnii\.
: He -was oppo.od to ,t popular!v
; elected upper Jlou^e, Idling ii vould
1 become.-a .rival ol the llou-e of Coni-
\ mon��-.
.1
i     Previously,    ,1.    .1.    Denis,    Liberal
member for .lohette, presented a resolution calling tor ,t lon-tiiulional
amendment'to peiniit ol a popularly
elected Senate. -Mi Denis, dialing
parallels, with the t'niied Slates and
oilier coun ti ips, declined that the
Canadian method o) appointing a Sen-
aje^-wns an ob-.uklo system ol the
federal house.
Comparing Canada with oihor pans
of the British Finpiio, Mr. Denis said
Australia, South Allien, New Zealand
and Ireland all had elective sonars.
its kind ever undertaken over Yukon j'riius, Canada was ihe only one of the
snows. j f_vc great Biiiu-h   -Dominions    which
So many individual    silver    claims  lmd not. an ckctiie s\t.lem.     Austria,
are producing al Keno Hill in addition
lo two big companies, that every
horse, dog team, automobile sleigh
and caterpillar in thc district has been
crowded into service,  rushing ore  to
of  thc Calgary Club, was elected by  Mayo Landing before thc snow ilisapyi
acclamation as nominee for Govermr
of the fourth district.
pears.     It is expected thin S.0U0 tons
will be transported before April I.
New Dancing Record
Marseilles.���The world's non-stop
dancing record is now claimed by a
Marseilles '"professor"' who held the
Jloor for 21 hours, -10 minutes and 5
seconds. He was assisted by two
young women'pupils, iho first of whom
danced
seconds
1l>   hours,   25 niinutes iinri.1:
.iheir grain across   and   secured   the
higher prices.
There was no duly 011 wheat in .L919
and had it not been for the wheat:
board the Canadian fanner would have
got a far better price than he -did!
Controlling the millers, the 19.19 board
was able to take u proportion of flour
-profits-inlo-its -revenuesr'-that" could
not be done Ihis'yearV Iu view of "tlie
limited "���' powers7 "provided- the ' 1923
board, :-_h'c"felL,that it would be a mis-
takeVfor." western- fanners to have a
wheat board Vestablished. ; this year.
-.Having no control;overVlransporlathJh;
:none'over, flour and none.over terminals; the board - would-be. a "niere selling agency'lo-bo'financed by the p'roy
the farmers such as could bc brought,
about. W. C. Hall endorsed these
views nnd strongly opposed the sacrifice of Manitoba's advantages and the
premiums gained through early-harvest and early marketing. ',-'-,.-:
Chairman Grobb declared, thai'he
had talked with Premier Bracken personally and that the premier, was riot
in favor of the wheat: board.- When
Vone-Vconsldered-the-price.of"Manitoba"
land, we should-not give any bouquets
to . Saskatchewan- arid...Alberta, -,'lt
would be impossible to get any ready,
'money. next. fall if. the wheat'. board
plan were" putVlhrough.-' . ';'":.7 V:\ !'
',-.,Mr.!'Tidsbury .spoke, briefly, in", support' of tho ..wheat'board, "admitting at
the same time V-the . disadvantage-.to
Manitoba "in the/Ioss;.. of; premiums.
He'was dissatisflc'ii with present methV
ods. prices' and'grading.
Eruption Forms Island
Saigon,' Cochin China!���A Fren-.h
survey ship which has arrived here reports that after "ihe volcano eruption
March 2 the vessel sighted a new circular island four hundred metres iu
diameter and 35 metres in the South
China Sea in latitude 3 0 degrees north
and longitude 108.59 east.   '
New Air Route Inaugurated
Regular     Service     Opened     Bstwe.11
Chicago, Detroit, Toronto and
Ottawa
Toronto.���An immense all-niet'-.il
monoplane, with :i wing spread of r.2
feei, has reached Toronto. 1hc first, it
is declared, of a regularly ,-.chcdul..d
passenger and package seniw between Chicago, Detroit 'and Toronto
and Ottawa. Five men came wi'.h
tiie piano.
The machine i.s owned by tiie Inter-'
national Airways. Limited, an organization which is developing plans for
the establishment of a regular air service. "��� -
Belgium, France and Czecho-Slovakia
till had an elective system, alihou.;h
the French s.Mem i\,is iudirect. The
French system he thought, vfis the
best, in the world.
���'Our system is ,'n.ibsolulely obsolete system of the Middle Ages and
should not be maintained any longei."
lie said. Progrossi es moling approval.
Under (he schedule. Detroit and Oi-
Says imperial Conference Needed     j lawa will be made   only   two   hours'
Melbourne,  Australia.-���Prime Miii- i distance from Toiomo, while it will be
ister Bruc, of the Australian Common- j possible to  reach    Chicago    in    live
wealth, has sent a communication io|bours.     Toronto is 10 be ihe base 01
the Governments of ihe other Dominions, emphasizing his view thai there
necessity for holding nn
imperial conference ai the earliest
possible date.
Bay, lhe Premier announced ihe Government was 01' the opinion ihey js u_��� 0111.
���should "noi be '-represented on tho
cruise, but stated that steps were
being taken by some of the western
provinces-to. organize an ollicial. trip
to'lhc Bay over-the l.I.B. Railway during .192W '-;"���' 7 - ' '"" '-".',
The reportof lho coniinittee'oiv'ag-
ricjdl.urOj;Wilicj.iJias.b^eii'.iiives.tiga.ting:.
thc;:aiiaiity; of liquor .-supplied to ihe
druggists -.under-" the authorization of
the Saskatchewan .Liquor Commission
recommending changes ih methods, of
handling-.these supplied was. adopted
by. the House Avithout discussion;''   -'", [:.!'._-���;���-' De'Valera. Has ..Close Call ������" X
Dublin.���! t.is "reported ihat' Kiim'bnn
Prince ;-Henry Meets With Accident
London.���Prince Henry, _��� third son of-
Ki.ng. 'George,, wasthrown while exercising .i, horse at the-cavalry school';__
Wee'doiir-" ���" ~~y.~y~~7y
.'According"to .the. iDaily"7Mail,.--She
Prince" suffered ,;V slight concussion of,
the'brain;.,-but isr "..recovering .satisfactorily.'       .'������'.'    --.=���.'';���-        " .-,'
operations.
A Unique Memorial
�����
Calgary.--The Colonel MacLeod
Chapier, Imperial Order of the Daughters of llin Empire, is erecting an imposing war memorial, in front of the
public library. Coeur de.Lion McCarthy, of Montreal.' is ihe sculptor.
Tho__ng'ure_'is._ otbronae-and-depicts-.T
"���youth, virile, energetic, spontaneous',
attired in,full kit,.just receiving U10
news .of life armistice.'   '  .Xy.  y ,
."'.', Killed Trying- to Save Dogs'!
��� Winnipeg.���In an".effort io save .her
two' dpgs-from being '.run .down by'; ti
Canadian National passenger train.,''::��'
Indian woman; .Mrs.. Marie Sanderson,
of Fort' Francos.,Qnt.V.received, fatal
injuries..���;   -.' ���, -V '"'���     - -' ' '���������    ���. - -"' ���
w  Shipment Of Liquor
Wihiijpeg.r^Poiico-.agents are seek-^riie,- key    the' authorities- have been
p*��
'.Ing'-. important1'. iigures   in the- coast
bootlegging- ring:rc.spo.nsIl.!e.-Tbr". .ship-
, ping..$25,000 worth ol" line wines-ami
-. whiskies to the Dominion Luniber'hn.d
', Fuel. Company, of. Winnipeg; caiiiou-
. Ila'ged' ijfs "sliirigles.: , Arrests are ex-
' peeled- either at Ctilgary-.oVViiii.eoiiver
7!.)r.at both'places..':: .'....!  :���',.','  .',.-_ ���'   "-".
:- ,Ofiicials of- the.-company here'Vefus-
, ed to receive the-car as'billed to them'
" when' reported;by th'e'Vrailway7com-
-'.pany-aiui'declared the nanie-of ihc.al--
loged shippers were .;.spurious.'. - The
.^company iias.ua, branch' at tlia-'coast
rind waV:iiot interested iu what-tho'
cdmiVany officials supposed was'an 'or-
din.ary lumber- shipment/ misdirected.'
, The railway .investigation 'tha.t followed, disclosed the-.character of the con-
farits.^a'nd-.the police confiscated the
��� whole shipment,- both the .railway officials and thc i'ucl company aiding the.
authorities. The address given al
Vancouver proved, to be fictjliou.. on
"police .-investigation. an<l thc men re-
rponsibie for the transhipment of the
��25,cases of assorted' rare vintages are
still unknown;
The disclosures arc believed   to   be
seeking for some.iiuie as to'.the'.idou-
l.ily- of-'persona'.eoiineeled'with'whole,-
salo' bootlegging.' ii' /Manitoba, and thc
Lake-of lhc "Woods district. ,:Thc'contraband -was 'completely- covered-.with
shingles and it is bolieycd.liie shippers
planned, as a part .cif liic "sch.enie, to
divert, the car by wire'attlse.Iast nib'"
nient" to-v:in'address between Winnipeg imd  Fort'WiiIiam.7   This is not
',-..���  Women -Lawyers in hidin V'-'
Delhi,'- rudia.-rTITie '-In'dian" Legislative Assembly, unanimousiy passed -a.
���bill'" iogiilizing -the "en'roiliuenupT. ivo-
Mi: .Trimble!
"_.""' made a swift rejoinder.' lie said in
part, "Are we hot on ,��50, $G0 and ��G5
an acre laud wliich takes-most jntenf
slfied cultivation? "-. Are. we-not plac-
nig- ourselves in a position'of equality
f with Saskatchewan' SlO'aii acre laud,
with no noxious" weed's? . I think that
is. worth .thinking-about.- 'If there is
any.premium coming/ we -were".-the
pioneers���or .oiir fathers���niy "father
was. one.,."'- AVe ,paved. tlie . way ;"���' we
were .the trail-blazers'; ;iiui if" there.is
anything"comin;: to this'western couii-J men 'as -legal praViiiioners:
try it-is. surely-, coining "to Manitoba-j . - V. /   _���rrr~X X. V
iiiui-if'wc ..have. goi./anyihing iitihoi
present-tinie. wc should jiang.-ori'to it."
art-;. Trimble add'eil' that lion.  T.~ A.
Crerar haiLspbkcj' .���fgaiiist.-the- bo:ird--
at tho conv.entiqn-In Jlrniuhm. - ''..' . V-
-   Thomas . ICiison.   a.lso. sjitdcc.in'opr
-position  to -the-board.-     -Unless, 'the
"board could hand over aH'profils' with--;
out waiting a year or so to.-do it,.the
idea was Tci o good at all.-.  Mr! Muir
.opposed- Mr..Tidsbury s. stateme'iU-ihat
lho present sysjen.i was/ono of coin-
pulsion;  there was great competition
in the- grain irado."/ If ho wanted .to
De': Valera.;h:id" another narrow .escape
fr.oni :caju are. It. is.asserted-ihat'so
close'was ..he to'Vbeiiig lakoii into ctiV-
tody that: he/left-behind documents-:il-
legecl". Ui-.be! of impprlanee.7'7'7- V    ,.'.-"
Weed More. Funds , .���' -'���','
; Quclictv^-The funds;for"i'hc:reliuii.-l-
ing.o.f Quebec. Ihisilica. now siun'ds at
?,l2ii,000. In order- io' completely rc-
..siore the (..iebee;13asiJica". .which was
desiroy.ed.last;December, ?..Q0,0(>0 will
be' required. .' -,���''"''���'.  ,.,-"' ".7  7   --" -' ' V ���' 7
:- -Will Sah". Heavy "Wines ".
;Chris'liariia." Norway .-i-'J-ho pdel-,
sting,", by ic'yoie of ;>9 10 5"._ad6j)ted a
bill -for tlie jirohibi lion of heavy "wines
iir Korway.7.". li, is, expected iliat-:"tlie
bill "'will also "obtain it majority ..i_'.iii<y
Lagl.icg. .the. oilier' -seciion .of f ho
Sio'rt.hing; ', . '���--[      .' -.���. '..,-   ���.- -' V."
/ Every',';doJiar,-.spejit'v in your lionie
town .is a boost .for ihe community./'
U.S. Asks Canada
To Shelter Russians
Mny Be Depot ted As Quota Exhausted
to July 1
Xcw York���ltelusod entry into 'he
t'niied Slates because their eoumrj's
quota is exhausted up to July, t.e.'-
cnfy.rfive Jiltihsj.ui imnijgi.-mts are
awaiting depoitation on Kllis Island.
Immigrniiou t'omniLssioner Todd got
into touch v.ith Canadian Immigration
nulhorJlics and aimounced that il 'he
Ilusgiaus measure up to .the Caniuliin
immigralion lequireu'euts ihat they
might find a temporary refuge in C.ui-"
ada. li is eipcciod that, it th^y arc
allowed to enter ihe Dominioti, they
will remain only vmil atler July J,
when they can be admitted to th*
Failed States
New Assessment for Win.iipeg
Winnijieg.���Without inking the e.i-
dence of real estate intcrcf-ts and
others fighting foi ,1 lower assessment,
lho Hoard 01 Valuation and Revision
delivered a, judgment c.tllhm tor a in w
assessment tor ilx> vholu ot the city.
Revision of tlic"a.sse,sMiienl tolls will
-have^to-be'-slaiied-iminedialelyra'sT.lie"
taxes fdr.l92'. are due on June 13
/- Member of the Royal Society
- Victoria, J5.C���Dr. J. 11. lTaskeu,
Director.of the Dominion A.-troph.\ .i-
.cal.Observatory heic, has been elceLed
a.fellow of the Ko>,il Society, Tliii
is-the highest sfitmific distinc'ion iti
the Uritish Empire.
���   Ft"3nco-Russian Radio
-Riga.��� Xoinuil i.idio cominuuic.ition
Tias-beon.re.siored hetween ltuesia and
France/according io iho Uo��ta s^ini-
ollicinl news agciuy.
wish, the U.F-.M. the worst luck-poa-
uifuSual in 'lumber. Which is-.trcquciit-. sToh'. he-said:.he would ui.ge ii to" supt,
ly .seiii. from''-���iiie coast; on- the ship --[ port t.iie;wheai.'bOard.   ���   -.     - .    .j.'.
ping-in-transit-rate,, and diverted by.
wire orders "of the" shippers io other
poi n't s a s the - nlarke t' is d ey'elop'ed' for
iumbcrV' The/fact fh^jiio bill of lad,-,
jng accompanied the-car, but was retained by the shippers,- is .believed (o
Frank- .Baker-,', of ��� tin:' Tarjiiei-X. :Ad- j
vOcate, .dechirea'-tliai lite ]!��!!> board.r
was hot thn' huge..' .-uci^'ss --soni,��i J
thought;, it .-.'-was.' \i 'aV.conipu'sory !
board' were not-a-.success as' a'tern-'!
poniry measure, .it would have a bad.
effect on the. co-operative plan it. was
., ... . _        ,     .hoped  fiub'sequeniiy  to .evolve.^    He
be evidence 01.this, phase 701 the plot, j ausgesiea. Uk(i h Mi\ Savnllic, '.who
Thus, ownership .remained with the..!- had made a great! success in placing
original consigners in .Vancouver ori thc raisin trade-upon its feei "in a. cooperative way in tlie south, should lie
W.   N.   U.  ,1IG5
Calgary, and' by presenting (his evidence of ownership, the .car could bc
diverted without the. company to wliich
it was'originally directed in Winnipeg,
being aware that-their name had been
used to camouflage the booze -movement. This, however, involved, giving a fictitious name in a transportation transaction, which is a violation
of a clause of the Railway AeL
invited by the Manitoba Government,
to conie here and hires) i'gaic with a
view tp- 'recommending ;in " eiJic-JCnt.
riystehiof co-operative markeiing. -Sir.
j Sluir and Mr. Trimble warmly, cn-
1 dorsed .the .suggestion.. ^Ir. Tidsbury
reniind.ed- the mcfling ihai Miss ,\��.
Cora Hind liad pronounced against
the wheat board and: had staled that
thc British buyer would discriminate
against Canada if he:ha.d to buy wheat
through a board established this year.
Possibility Of
Shipping Alberta Coal
Provinces
-i-
\ - Ottawa.--ii,.._ui;
j an axiom,."' said
1 President.of ~<)\>\
��� Railway's, giving
ilu  be laid down as
My llonry Thornfon..
'Canadian".   XationaJ
.evidenrt^-- he fori. .;ii"
rates-as' \vill t liable our ovi >i t.oa'i i')*
iir mli.l 'm   "ntaiio   and Oucbec in
^competition with loreign coat wiihuit
���inipai'i'ng'..- the   io\onucs> ot  the i.i'l-
! Senate Fuel- Coii.niitte.e-. "ihai  ,C;uiada Lway"'!"
j'shoiiltl -noi  I.e. (ir-pf-nder.t.oii :i neiirh-j/   '-\Vlu.'ro   doc-   jour  ^j-teni   crci   J'<
i'borjnsr -stale.. isi�� nian<?r..liow  frieiiijly;-' <-oal.��upj-,jj-: in \Vc��tiui Canada?" t!ir
' tfvr.hcr coal'Aipplj/.'; ..'!        "V -    .-   j-Henry was n^ked.
ihe., United   Staled -haii   heen   good !-'-"'I'T-oiii   .Use    Albciia  fteid." he i\-
.1'
10 Canada 'In ������su'iiply.ing; iis.'v.ith co.il ! plied;
. j Henry 'wIien:"que.s;ioned. 011/ih.e poi-V
J sibilit.y .of bringing Alberta/, coal,-to
A GOOD" HOU6E'NEEDS C.OQIt RTfiUKOATIOKS
���London Daily Expiv-ss
.  ' bu'i tin emergency niighi arise ai" any j,'-  Allien a coal -s\n-, u^d on tne Cini-
��� /lithe which w<Ai)(l 311ake.il "impos..ii>!.. -ilian National Jl.iilwajs as    isir   ��.i-t
::for tha.t cbuiitry. lo'tomintie'. .   Tliei-i.--! ns Winnipeg. He inought So\n ri(o U
ipre; it .became "e.s.-enU;i5;.to so!ve-: ihe  cojir-wo'ulti'-alw.tjs haic a tendency 10
""problem'wiij.iin.Camwh!:"'--.'. x.'y / '""'-���  'take advantage of the water rou'e
"it   looks.- fairly hopofuK,-' "said .Si.    .'Sir Henry ^ as a^ked   if   it   would
not'be difficult to ials������ thc rate on
'coal.supposing it w'a? reduced Temporarily 10 nif-et ;m rmeigcncj". 1I��_
Vreplied --that it" might be difficult \nii
ihere-.-w.tS'no season ^hj it si*oui>l
nor be-done. If a low rate hsd aerotu-
pHshed- i'.'i imrpnso it would go 11.k.
Tliere-was. no rea-on why the efan--
ing. of ai i"eu��ced r.ttc on ce��.l i>hrt-iui
be ibsioweil by redactions cm i/ili-i-
coiumodiiles."-.' ��� ���--""-���.���'
-"!,,
-Ontario and Quebec- itud,selling .ii.'"iir
compeiition'.wiil.  -the  Anierican pro-.
"���duel.     Biit railway raves must: not he'
1>0 low as 10 "cut ilse. "throat   oi, ..he
i laihvay."        - , . ,7   .��� - ;   - -'    7. .. r""
j' : Canada liad coal.   The fiwstibn' was
.'one of transportation/ -   "'-; -".
1 . - - - -���        . ......
I.   "First,'' proceeded Sir   Henry. . 'V?
! jiiust.' ,see~ .'if \'we can-''esiabrtsfa -sut-Ji V#7
astsmtaamm
ffHE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BEITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
Is $2.00 a year strictly in  advance, ��r
;7-.i.5o when not p��id for three   aonths or
r.ore have passed.    To Great Britain and
tiij United States $2.50,  always  in ad-
vr.^ce.
C. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coil and Oil Notices    7.00
!S.r.tray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears ir> notice,  $5.00 for each additional claim.)
- y ��� ...       	
board feet of standing timber, with
an annual increase through growth
alone of 8,000,000,000 feet, and
while the total capacity of provincial saw-mills is only 2,500,000,-
000 feet of lumber annually, still,
fire destroys as much  timber at is
ib. It is a simple matter to put
ont a camp-fire, but it requires
from 50 to 100 years to reproduce
forest giant.
Provincial Party Organized
at Midway
All other legal "advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
���sach subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I2^c. a line each insertion.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
PULL  TOGETHER
The spirit of a town has much to
do with the success of that town.
It may have good location, natural
resources and facilities, but if the
energy, 'she spirit is lacking, little
can be expected of it.
Hundreds of promising towns
have died just because its citizens
allowed themselves to be discouraged, grew pessimistic, then pen-
. urious, lost confidence in themselves, their neighbors and their
town.
When people are willing to slide
down hill, they usually Blide. A
climber may not get to the top,
but he is always on the way.
Greenwood has had varying fortunes in recent years���it has had
.its ups  and downs...Times have
been goodr~aud anything but good.
. V:3ut-/ fate   has- dealt more kindly
' with us" than-with, some; - -TWe have
���740.reason-to be. discouraged.   The
Vvvlieei"is. bound-to turn.'. ���'-.
'-.. It is noteo much. the.people-who
VVsaake'a" town, but the spirit of the
7 people.- V- .V7W' VWV 'X~ ���';'
. TEnthusiasfn' .and. courage., are.
-   never.wasted.    They communicate
;" /themselves to others.    Because ypu
feel a little discouraged just now*
���don't let that be an excuse for/declining to; participate in any public
enterprise that/ has for its objects
the betterment , of ' conditions for
���.the'general good.'-'! ' -���y.XX'-' - ,'/'
: We7 dont. believe, -iri.a 7fatuous
X optimism, that goes, blindly ahead
7  not counting the cost;  but we do
believe in wise optimism, carefully
directed   enthusiasm, and   public
.   spirited co-operation.
B. C. Healthiest    W
Province ih Dominion
V Figures, were quoted recently by
Hon.  J.  D. ��� MacLean,  provincial
.secretary,"   showing   that; British
Columbia is the healthiest province
in   the    Dominion.     The   larger
,-.-centres have rem arkably low death
rates and the. smaller] towns have
set up ais enviable.record.   The
>. deaths from accidents have, been
V few as compared  with other prov-
'".��� inces, bat the loss annually through
���fires is: toolarge a one: to be.proud
"���-.bf,- ���[,   x XX   '������        '       W'v '-'W
X  Prior   to   leaving   for   Ottawa,
..Hon. T. D.   Pattullo,  minister of
'-' JsadaJ issued  instructions for the
distribution;of literature regarding
fire prevention  and readers   who
have not received this raay secure;
it direct from the forest branch.
/Last summer witnessed very heavy
ilra losses and tbis year the laws
Lave been made very much:sSricter.
P-iiiish Colombia has an  assefe in
1 er timber which can be conserved
indefinitely, but every citizen must
'assist in fighting fires, if tha heavy
Closes are not to be paid each year.
���This, province lifts 400,006,000,-
The regaining of her autonomy
by South Vancouver reduces the
government's obligations by upwards of a million dollars. Since
the apointment of a commissioner
to govern the municipality much
progress has been made and under
careful government supervision the
people of South Vancouver have
landed upon their feet again.
Mining Notes
" Rumors that the Granby deal for
the Copper Mountain property had
fallen through is apparently without foundation. Manager H. B.
Munro states that while starting
has been delayed on account of
certain technicalities in acquiring
the property he expects that operations will get under way about
midsummer. Several men from
the upper coast reached Princeton
last week and have been put to
work by Superintendent John A.
McLoughlin.
JT. H. DuHamel and son are
doings some' work on the Spotted
Horse on Jubilee 0 Mountain west
of town. They are taking out ore.
This property has not been worked
for many years.
The Revenge group of Beaverdell, made its first shipment (23
tons) to the Trail smelter a few
days ago.
Rod and Gun
The April issue of "Rod and
Gun in Canada" contains several
features which should instantly
recommend it to lovers of the out
of doors everywhere. There are a
number of articles and narratives
portraying experiences and opinions of: hunters, and sportsmen,
among these being "What Are
You GoingToDo About It?.", by
W. CVMbtley, /'Seal Hunting in
the Northern Atlantic-', by Bonny-
castle Dale, "Point PeleeV-A Pub:
lie Shooting Ground," arid a host
of others.-- There is an 7 account .of
the annual meeting of the Ontario
Hu riters Gaines arid Fish! Protecti ve
Association, dealing with all the
matters taken/ up at the recent
convention in Toronto.. The/departments contain some particularly interesting material, and on the
whole, the magazine is one of the
best numbers yet published.
W'.Rod .and Gun in Canada" is
publishedmonthly-- atlWoodstoek.
Ontario, by 7W. J. Taylor,-Limited,
-The   Ledge has always  room
for.one. more ad. >
H
ereari
ere
. ��� it" is announced that, a new cav��,
the   extent "of "which, can/'only   bt
-surmised, has been discovered "sere*
miles from. Glacier. House; Glacier,
B.e; ���- . -.- -   ��������� ��� -
The .Yukon. Territory.. is   rapidly
"losing its 'inhabitant's.'- Ih  1911. thr
population .was-.27,217,,.and- in 1921
it had dwindled'down "to'4,157, "
.".--In a'n'.address to-the/Rotarians-ia"
Montreal last" week. E.--W. Beatty,
president of the Canadian Pacific
Kaihvay, made a-pointed statement
to ��� the .-effect" tliat Canada - needs
more capita! for its development and
more - men. for, the same.' purpose.'
. ' An old-time stampede will be' held
-in Calgary, .Alta;. between July' Sth"
and July, 14th;11923. -The. programme
will,"as 'usual,:-include calf roping
contests/broncho ;.busting, and fancy
riding'and  roping, etc.   - .���
Resumption   of   direct  steamship
service   this, spring;, between   Meat:--
���'real''and /the 'principal" Norwegian-
ports,/with ."tne", objeet'of .furthering,"
lhe;e?:pansion of trade. beiween'Caa-:
adai  and '���' Norway,' is - announced  by
the Canadian  Pacific traffic, agent*
for   the   N.orweffia'n-Ame.riean  Lint.'
' The Canadian Pacific steamship
"Metaeama" recently brought oyer
to Canada -.00 men and .women of
the Hebrides���the first mij?rati��n
of young Hebrides farmers to Canada under the Ontario immigration
scheme.
A bill has been introduced into th��
Chamber of Deputies. Paris, authorizing the Government to expend
3,750.000 '; francs . on the Canidlaa
travelling.exhibition. .At- leist thirty
French towns will be visited by ths
train this summer.
As gireste of Presiden: Beatty of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, fear,
I>oy members of the young "fanaars-
ciiib3 of Great Britain will c?ass th#
-Atlantic and tonr the Eastern nad
Western proyimxs of CiaAfa;.
An interested and enthusiastic
gathering of ranchers and business
men met at the old school house,
Midway on the afternoon of Saturday, March 24 for the purpose of
forming a local branch of the New
Provincial Party.
Mr. Tippie was voted to the
chair and Mr. Landers acted as
secretary. In the absence of-Commander N. Lewis, R.N., who is
still in Vancouver Island' assisting
General McRae in the organization
of the Provincial Party, the chairman introduced Major R. Gray and
Mr. H. Martin, of Kettle Valley,
who in an able manner put before
the meeting the chief points of the
Provincial Party programme.
Major Gray, who spoke first,
apologized for appearing for the
first time in his life on a political
platform but he^said it.was impossible so keep silent when he realized
into what a state of corruption aud
bankruptcy the country was heading and that it behooved us ail as
citizens to do our utmost to remedy
the existing conditions, ��� He gave
some startling figures as to the running of the P.G.E. railway and the
utter chaos that had been produced
in its administration by the two
existing political parties; ifc appeared that as soon as any scandal was
discussed in connection with the
running of this railroad the two
parties voted together to avoid investigation so that they were in
reality not two but one party.
Major Gray pointed out the indebtedness of this province had increased since 1913 from ��10,752,146
to $80,614,528 and that with the
authority given at a recent session
of the Legislature the indebtedness
of the province would shortly be
over $96,000,000. He said that
unlesss immediate and drastic steps
were taken to kick out the present
government the country would be
on the verge of bankruptcy. The
depressing state of our. economic
conditions we due to excessive taxation. Capital instead of being
encouraged was driven but of the
country. No encouragement was
given to enterprise and there was
consequent unemployment and unrest on all sides.. 7 Party patronage
was to.be condemned.'^.'Government employment shonid be given
to good and' capable men irrespective of their political leaning/ 7
Major Gray urged everyone to
study the Prqvinaial Party's manifesto and not only to read, it themselves but to hand it on and discuss.
it with their neighbors. V;W   //������
'In conclusion he.urged all present to take a greater interest in
politics,and at the;polis: to -vote for
the Provincial Party that is: for
clean and honest-"government".'-,' -".-
The chairman then .called upon
Mr. H. Martin who in his opening
remarkssaid that" he^"spoke/purely
from the point of view of the rancher../ He1 like, the /former, speaker
was also a novice on tbe political
platform but the agricultural depression duevlargely to the; lack of,
administration in thetwo old polit-
cal parties made him. realize that
sbmething.had to be done andright
now. He felt that under the present
conditions the rancher had either
to get out.or go under and /that
things were going -from bad to.
worse.. The only remedy .that "he
could see; was to put ina hew party
determined-to run honestly and to
The Natural Wealth of Canada
Canada's Banking System     V
AMONG the agencies that have combined to
build up Canada's trade and thus increase the
available wealth, the Canadian banking system stands,
in age and excellence, by itself. No country has a
system .better adapted to its requirements. It has
established Canada's name abroad as that of a. solid,
stable country, remarkably free from panics and
financial crises. It has stood the test of time, through ���""
periods of business depression and periods of inflation. For over 100' years the Bank of Montreal has
been a leader in the banking system of this country.  .
K OF MONTREAL
Established over IOO years
���fc|\ti
m\
[h
%
'%
H
>5kS
rs
SEI
Tailored Clothes
Men's Suits and Overcoats
For Spring and Summer
Splendid Assortment of New
.. Samples Just"Arrived
Call and see them
 at	
T.   THOMAS
Tailor and Cleaner
Greenwood
%
%
benefit the country���not themselves.
In addition to many interesting
statements he deplored the present
immigration policy the object of
which was to fill the country irrespective of employment, in other
words they we're putting the cart
before the horse.
Other speakers were Mr.. Bruce
and Mr. Landers who .wholeheartedly gave their suppirt to the new
party.
After a hearty vote of thanks to
the speakers a branch of the Provincial Party was formed at Midway with Mr. Landers as secretary.
WANTS.  ETC.
Hatching Eggs
' Purebred.. "White.. Wyandottes,
1st grade, SI.50 for- fiffeen; 2nd
grade,' .SI.00. for fifteen. -.' Apply
The Ledge, Greenwood. .
7 -.vw; vWill Sell.. 7- ;w-
- Set of double  team harness��
$30.00,7 . -   '���;-'-  ;. V" : ' X ���
...:7-    '      ' Harry Royce.
) yXx'-- :'Wante.d.:::v..'..v.y- '���'
Xy Representative for old established
cpa3t . firm.-:", Must -. be- hustler���
popular���with good connection and
driving own ; light..deliveryVtruck/
"Apply.;P7..0. Drawer. .619, Victoria,;
B.C. - v.w ' W.--7W vvW-'
��� ':���'���.���'���    . VNbticew
.-Dr. O.' M. Graves, Dentist, will
be in -Ferry, Wash.,;.the first .8
days of every month.--"���<_ 7.  V-.vV
-��� Send Your
f BOOTS and SHOES ���'."
':"._;." "'"'; ' ':" ���"���To,W> XX).-yy]
GEO. ARMSON, VGrahd Forks,
The 20 th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and- material  guaranteed..  We
���pky-postageoiie.way. ..Terms.Cash.
mm
Tte; Consolidated Jiiriingi & vSmeltiiig Cov
Ww-" 7 oiTC.ana.da, Limited::'/.   v,":--;
' .Office, .Smelting arid Refining D'epartmenV . - - ���"
'VV'V; ;--..VV.'"' '-'7 TRAII,, .'BRITISH- COLUMBIA" .'    ' '"   :-- x\    -- *'"
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
Producers, of   Gold,    Silver,   Copper,    Pig -Lead   aad Zinc
"TADANAC" BRAND .
Palaoe Livery  Stable
W. B. DOCKSTEADER. PROP.
MCPHERSON'S GARAGE
.0
GRAND FORKS. B.C.
Agent for Dodge,-,Chevrolet, Studebaker,
and Overland cars. Garage in connection.
d. Mcpherson      -      Procrietor
E. W. WIDDOWSOM, Assayer and
Chemist, Box biio8, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
$1.25 "each. Gold-Silver .$1.75. . Gold-
Silver- with Copper or Lead #3.00. Silver-Lead $2.00. Silver-Lead-Zinc ft}.60.
Charges for other metals, etc., f.n application.
1 For Good 1
.��**- ^_ ;  i*����js
*��-*���) " "    ~       ~~. -~  ' ,-��^
��^-\ ,      .. , ����
1 Job Printing 1
���^^ ���_ ��,. ... ., ^^^. "^*��
^^ _ - ��� . ^^
��*"-  " _ �������
I;,: ���Economy and Satisfaction 3
B'- combined with Promptness 2
Bx-'x are the features which go to -=3
p makeup the Service we give |j
B bur customeirs.     Are  you 3
B pne of them?                         3
I WEPRINT 1
=3
* ��M_I
Letterheads, Npteheads,
(Ruled or Plain) .7   .-   '   '. V  , ���'. .-.'-���
Envelopes, Billheads,
���-'-;.     '(All Sizes):".'. [.������'������"    '-:-.,���'.-".'-���;'     -; ,���
Statements, Business
Posters, Dodgers, Etc., Etc. -3
' -    '- ���---,.-.=."���-.;-. -  -    ��� ���.   .'   -����
v PHONE7 29      1
Job Printing^Department    g
- ge
��      GREENWOOD^
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Minimum price of first-class land
reduced to 55 an acre; second-class to
3|2.50 an acre.
XPre-emption now   confined   ..to surveyed lands only.
Records will be granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes aud which is non-timber
land.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of uot more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvement* on respective
claims. ,
Pre-emptors must occupy claims
for five years and must make improvements to value of $10 per acre,
including clearing aud cultivation of
at least 5 acres, before receiving
Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may because of ill-health, or other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of im.
provement and transfer his claim. ���
Records without permanent residence
may be issued, provided applicant
makesiniprovement to extent of S300
per annum and records same each
year. . :Failure to make improvements
or record same will operate as forfeiture. -Title cannot be'obtained in
less than 5 years, and improvements of
��10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleared and cultivated, and residence of at
lea&t 2 years are required.
Pre-emptors holding Crown "Grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements made
and; residence maintained on Crown
granted land.
Unsurveyed areas not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling resident-    -
ial and improvement conditions.
For.grazing and industrial purposes
ureas exceeding 640 acres may be-
leased by oue person or company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber laud uot exceeding1 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of stumpage.
Natural hay  meadows   inaccessible
by. existing roads may be purchased
conditional upon construction of a'road
to them.   Rebate of one-half of cost of ���
road, not exceeding half of purchase   ""
price, is made. " -
PRE-EMPTORS'  FREEl.GRANTS ACT
The scope of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces. The time
in which the heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is extended from one
year from thc death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion of the present war. This privilege is made retroactive.
No fees-relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable b3r soldiers on pre-emptions recorded after June 26, 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
.Provisions for return of moneys ac- -
crucd, due and been paid since August
4,1914, on account of payments, fees or
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions.
��� Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted from- enlistment to March 31st, 1920.
SUB-PURCHASERS OF CROWN LAUD
Provision   made   for   insurance   pf~
Crown   Grants   to  suto-purchasers  of
Crown  Lands, acquiring rights irom
.Purchasers whpf ailed to_cpmplete_p.ur_-:_ __.
chase, involving forfeiture, on fulfill-.    .���
ment of-conditions.of purchase, interest    .
and taxes.   Where:sub-purchasers do
not claim whole oforiginal parcel, purchase price due and taxes  may be distributed  proportionately    over, whole'   :
area. .Applications.must be made by   V
MaVl,"1920.    " .'-'.'���.'--     --���--'
xX'XX       ....grazing -":'���..  "X '���'
'   Gracing'Act,.1919. for systematic development of livestock   industry .-"provides  for grazing districts and range-.
.administration'   under   Commissioner. :
Annual -"grazing permits issued based -
on numbers ranged; priority for estab-
lished owners. Stock owners may form
Associations- -for."range management.
Free,   brpartially- free, "permits, for    ,
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten -
head. . "   '
Express and Heavy Dray ing
Auto's aad Truck For Hire, Day or Night
- We carry
Tires/Oils, Greases, Hay and Grain
QtfiU P66ae 13/ Resfdeisce Pfeoae 3l
y-: The Mineral-Proyince; of Wesfe
';:XX))"x J0 END OF:DECEMBE^J9;22.:^'y X)xV V[ V/V) ��� [V
-Has produced Minerals valaed as follows;   Placer Gold, .��70,542,2.03;;Lode VV   : .
Gold, S109,647,G61; Silver, $59,814,286; Lead-ff51,810,S91.; Copper. .8i7(J;723,'M2;. "       ,,
Zinc,' .S2'i,G25,S53;--'Miscellaneous  Minerals, 81,358,839;. Coal and Coke, $238,-
^289,565; Building Stone,'.Brick* Cement, etc., $36,605,^42, making its Mineral    '; 7   '.
Production to the. end of 71922 show 7 W 'XX''-���-���'''���'' .7
V7A:ri Aggregate-Value: ofv$769,M,462 Vv7
for the Year Ending December,v192^$35il58,843
The   Mining   Laws of this Proyince are more liberal, aiid. the. fees.lower,.,      :'- '
than, those of any other Province in the Dominion, or any Colony in. the - British
Empire; ."-"'.
Mineral locationa are granted.to.discoverersi for nominal fees..
>    Absolute  Titles are  obtained   by developing such properties, the security
of which is guaranteed by Crown-Grants. 7 .    ...
Full information, together with Mining Beporls and Maps, may be obtained
gratis by addressing���.., . .������",, '���'"-��� .'���
E-'B6K^:THE^^;MiNIStER, OF MINES
YICTORIAv Briffsli Columbia.   .
T Si
Tx*
ti
mmm*mmm8

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