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The Ledge May 25, 1922

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Array \   -
ij Provincial Library
; /   J
Vol.   XXVIII.
> We carry a large line ol "*
Hardware, House Furnishings, Etc.
.   Inspect our stock
O'Cedari Oils and Mops, Liquid
and   Powder   Ammonia,   Soap
Powders   and   Washing   Soda,
Brooms &c.
IjLEE & BRYAN        Phone 46
No. -
Around: Home
Watchmaker, Jeweler aud Optician
GREENWOOD        - B.C-
Li *?,-.>- ^'J>?&u\
Just Arrived
Fire,    Sickness,    Accident,   Life,
Auto, in fact any insurance, with
the best Companies iii the World.
Houses for Sale or Rent
Auctioneer and Valuer
Call at my Office Conner Street
Greenwood Theatre
Gray & Clerf, Props.
��� /
The WINDSOR HOTEL is heated with steam
and electricity.- Pine sample rooms. A comfortable home for" tourists and~travellers. Touch the
, wire if you want rooms reserved. The buffet is
replete with cigars, cigarettes, cooling beverages, .
buttermilk and ice-cream.
Commencing at 8.15 p.m.
. Monopol Picture Company
Lionel Barrymore
. -in
Valley bf the Night
A'dopted from the Curious  Conduct of
- Judge Legrade
5 reels S
One reel Chester Outing
Hon. Mr. Jap Van Winkle
A Car of
Cereals, Flour and Feed
Their Quality is Pre-eminent
1 Also a one reel Christie Comedy
Married By Proxy
Baled Hay For Sale
Have for sale about 50 tons of
baled hay, mixed, good feed for
horses and cattle.   Ton or car lot.
 Fr Haussener,
Box 364. Greenwood, B.C.
Young Pigs For Sale .
.-��� ���
Good-young pigs for-sale, will
be ready. 6 weeks old 30th May.
$7 each.   8. Fbetz, near Eholt.
We carry only the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork.   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A trial will convince you
I  JOHN MEYER    ,        - Proprietor
Statistics recently compiled show that British Columbia has more telephones fo population than an/ other-province of Canada. It is to maintain
this enviable record that extensions of outside plant and central office
equipment are constantly being made and this year large expenditures arc
planned. Facilities for adequate telephoning are always kept.up to, top
notch, with the result that our whole system is in excellent condition, and
we are in a position at all times to supply service when the request is made.
Registered Percheron Stallion
Black Tartar
Will stand for Service
In Anaconda
For the Season  1922
Commencing May 22nd
(Monday's only)
Terms:   $5.00 deposit, Balance
$10 when mare proves in Foal
Vaccinating Chickens
The latest scientific, method of
safe guarding poultry against
disease is to vaccinate the fowl with
a Bpecial preparation, this method
will not only make the flock mora
healthy, but result in large profits
ihe flock will produce more eggs.
The vaccination is done at night
and to. be given under, the wing.
Ohio State" Department of Agriculture prepares the.rprip ylras and
can be got from' them for use.
They have iised. it successfully for
four years.   " V-    -.-'���'
F. C. Buckless has returned
from a trip to Edmonton.   --
Mrs. A. h. Lyons spent Victoria day in Grand Forks.
G. A. Smith, of Grand Forks,.
was a visitor in; town on Wednesday.      -..���������'������'<
Mrs. Duncan Mcintosh has returned from a delightful holiday
in Trail.
John and Anton Portmann,
drove in from Nicholson creek on
Wednesday.        -
Sunday, May 28th,. has been
declared by proclamation Sunday
School Day. V 7
Service will be held in St.
Jude's Church on Sunday, May
28th at 7.30 p.m. ''
Mrs. T. Hartland left on Sat-
urday to visit with relatives and
friends in Nelson. *
Richard Park and family were
the guests of" Mr. and Mrs. R.
Forshaw on Sunday.
It is likely that Toroda will
play Greenwood at the local ball
grounds ou June 4th.
Major G. N. Mowat is spend-
a few days in town having motored all the way from Calgary.
Bob Forshaw is dismantling
the Phoenix steam laundry and
will ship the machinery to Lady-
��� Angus Munn, inspector of customs and excise, of Vancouver,
was a visitor in town on Wednesday.
Mrs. John Hallstrom and children leave this afternoon for
Sweden where they will remain
for'ayearV"  -*"'-*"   -     ���,���---
J.. D. Johnston, auditor for the
B. C. Telephone Co., of Vancouver, was a caller at the local telephone office on Tuesday.
The Misses Joy and Mae
Sharp, the little daughters of A.
W. Sharp, of Midway, were the
week-end guests of Mrs. Cruse,
Boundary Brails.
Mr.' and Mrs. O. R. Matthews
and two sons, of Allenby, were
visitors in town this week en
route by auto to Trail where Mr.
Matthews has secured a position.
H. R. Bidder, G. B. Taylor, P.
H. McCurrach, Thos. Jenkin and
W. Walmsley attended a special
gathering of Free Masons in
Grand"" Forks llisf~We"dnesday
People of the" United States
burn eight hundred billion cubic
feet of natural gas annually.
Aud what of the billion cubic
yards that nobody-pays any attention to.
Mark Christensen has been appointed pound-keeper. Any person seeing cattle meandering
around the streets should notify
Mr. Christensen who will- attend
to the matter.
Lional Barrymore will be seen
at the Picture House on Saturday
in "Valley of the Night, "This
exciting picture is adopted from
the curious conduct of Judge
Legrade and should draw a large
He who plants a tree lightens
the burdens of his fellow man.
He who plants a - tree erects to
himself a living monument and
makes bold an attempt to leave
the world more beautiful than he
found it.
A. human life eyery half hour.,
day and night, every.day in the
year, will be the toll of automobile accidents ia 1922, if the
death rate remains the same this
year as last ia the United States.
"Safety First" cau't be over emphasized.
Chas King has reported that
tent caterpillars has started to
infest current bushes.; If this
pest gets a start it is yery.difficult
to combat and any person fiadiiag
these caterpillars oh their bushes
they should immediately cut the
limb and burn, it.
City Council
The fortnightly meeting of the
City Council WaB held on Monday
evening, May 22nd, when Mayor
Galley, Aids. Morrison, Mowat,
Docksteader. King and Taylor
were present.
An enquiry from a Vancouver
company regarding the purchase
price of a block of buildings on
Copper St was laid over unil a
more definite proposal is obtained
from their representative.
The fire alarm system was reported to be in first-class order and
first installment of contract for repairs recommended for payment.
The Chairman of the Found
committee received instructions to
have water laid on in the pound
enclosure and the fence strengthened.-
A serious breakage in the Twin
Creek flame last week near the
City Hall wsb reported by the
Water committee. Fortunately
this occurred during tho afternoon
and the City Clerk Boon had A.
Sater and a gang on the job.
Mayor Gulley took charge of the
work and his prompt action combined with the efforts of both hired
and voluntary workers undoubted,
ly saved many hundreds of dollars
worth of damage to the neighboring Btreets and buildings as Twin
creek was a raging torrent at the
time. Repairs will be effected
after the high water haB subsided.
Cash Prizes Offered
For Forestry Essays
The Canadian Forestry Association has announced a prize essay
competition for the school'children
of Canada whereby rewards of $25,
$15 and $10 will be given in each
of the nine provinces to those writing the most intelligent essays
dealing with some phase of forestry
or tree planting based on local
The object of the competition is
to stimulate study and enquiry as
to the forest resources of Canada
and their protection against the
devastation of fire; the planting of
trees on urban streets; the establishing and improving of farm
wood lots; and the developing of
tree planting on the bare prairies.
Full particulars of the competition will be sent to every school
teacher in the Dominion and replies should be in the hands of the
Canadian Forestry Association,
Ottawa, not later than November
The school boy or girl living in
the village town or city, far removed from the forest, is asked to
tell of the importance of shade
trees along the streets and in the
parks, the service they render in
human betterment and what
species have been found to thrive
best in the particular community.
Children living in a community
close to the forest or where wood-
using industries such as lumber or
pulp and paper mills are located,
&re asked to describe the value of
the forest as a source of employ-
There was a good crowd of fans m8n'and the great importance of
at Ingram Bridge on Victoria Day Preventinfif forest.fires.
The child living on a farm is
asked to tell about the uso of wood
Adjoining- Districts
Baseball at Ingram Bridge
Too much importance can hardly
be attached to the development of
districts adjoining Greenwood.
The greater the prosperity there
the more will advantages accrue to
this city, likewise Jhe more populous1' Greenwood becomes the
greater the market for the rural
population. No stronger argument
could be offered for co-operation.
More interest should be taken in.
the development of our surrounding country.   This would be real
community work.    It requires the
sacrifice of time and much thought
which otherwise could be devoted
to the giver's own business.    Who
arelhe "men who freely give their
lime to public affiaire?   Frequently
here,  as elsewhere,   they can   be
numbered among the most influential, if not the wielders of the
largest enterprises of a community!
It seems to follow therefore, that
often   the   excuse  of   '-no time"
could more   truthfully   be   stated
"no inclination."   To the citizens
of Greenwood>nd residents of the
surrounding   districts,   this; is   a
worth-while thought.
The Board of Trade might be
able to arrange out-of town meetings or hold a big district convention and among many other affairs
of importance to consider would be
the marketing of produce. Also
suggestions could be received for
advancing rural development work.
It might also be a good idea to
send out a questionaire regarding
the best plans- for community
development.~~~'"~ '" ""���*���** -
to witness the baseball and grass
hockey exhibition games. The
baseball was between Midway and
Greenwood and was a friendly
game and very close throughout.
It was the first game of the season
and many errors were made on
both sides but with a little more
practise good game will be witnessed
this season." At the end of the 9fch
inning the score was 18 to 17 in
favor of Greenwood. Both teamB
are very well satisfied with the
umpiring which was conducted by
D. Nichol as and H Hill whose decisions were prompt and impartial.
The teams were;���
Midway    ,
W. Rusk
G. McMynn
G. Hood
J. Hielscher
R. Hielscher
D. Hood
c. P. Docksteader
p. R. Lockhart
J. McCreath
E, Morrison
D. Taylor
0. Elliott
G. Randall
1 f N. Docksteader.
The grass hockey was played between Meyerb Creek and Rock
Creek vs. Ingram Bridge and Kettle Valley and resulted in victory
for the former two teams.
The dance in the evening in the
Riverside Hall was largely attended and very enjoyable,-
Boy Scouts
Troup meets as usual on Friday
at 7 p.m.
Usual meeting on Saturday at
2.30 p.m.
in the running of a Canadian farm
with answers to a series of questions guarding the woodlots or
bushlots in the district, whether
they are better or poorer than 20
years ago and how a thriving
woodlot on a farm may be developed.
For the child living on the
prairie, the task is given of describing any- shelter belt of trees
about local farms and their beneficial effect in stopping the drifting
of the soil, &aving the crops from
being blown outjby^gales, In these
prairie essays also some attention
will be given to the value of trees
in beautifying home surroundings.
All competitors are discouraged
from copying pieces out of books
and the awards- will be made in
each province by the Canadian
Forestry Association according to
the general intelligence of the
answers and the diligence shown in
investigating local conditions.
Midway News
The  Dance  held    iri  the Old
Lancashire hotel last Friday night
was a brilliant snecess.   The arrangements were carefully carried
out by the willing hands of Mrs.
Lundy, Dick Hielscher, and H. H,
Borders.    Cards were resorted to,
the winners  of the   whist  drive
were,    1st    prize.    Miss    Helen .
Thomet, 2nd prize,   Mrs. Biggin,
Gents 1st,- Mrs.  Will  Taylor (act
gent), 2nd prize,  Sonny Jackson.
The solo contest was won by John
Zurfiuh -and- the~2nd   went "to"
George Tommy.   The musical end
of the programme was carried out
by Jim Bush, Mrs. Lela Stapleton,
Mrs. Pannell, H. Borders and Bert
Snell.   The management on behalf   '
of  the   Midway    Baseball   team
thanks Tom Clark for his kindness
in loaning the old hotel to the boys.
Sunday afternoon Midway and
Toroda played ball at Midway, the .
result was that Midway lost by a
score of 6 2.
Bert Hopkins appeared before
P. H. McCurrach, S. M., on
Thursday last, charged with
assault and beat and occasioned
actual bodily harm to Robt. Lee.
He  was    committed   for   trial.
Mining News
Efforts are being made by local
stockholders to revive Waterloo
Consolidated Mining and Milling
Co., a corporation that enjoyed
some popularity during the Camp
McKinney boom, over a quarter a
century ago. Daring the past 20
years the property has been idle,
although it showed some very
promising ore-bodies under development. The ore is free-milling
and of good grade. The principal
owners of the capital stock are the
estate of the late Dennis Clark,
Dr. C. K, Merrian, Patrick Shine,
Mrs. J. p., Sloancy HVT* Jones
arid. L. H. Snyder, of Spokane.
No definite plans has yet, been de-
aud was granted bail. He elected to take speedy trial which will
take place before Judge Brown
on Saturday at 11 o'clock.
Ou Friday the accused appeared
before His Honour J.* R   Brown^ upon; but! stockhoMeW ^3
holding frequent meetings and
hope to arrive at an early decision.
���Mining Troth, Spokane.
It's the girl with the prettiest
ankles that seeB the mouse first.
Almost every girl can be stirred
with a ��� 'spoon.""
Many a girl's eyebrows are not
so black as they are painted.
A girl is known by the engagement ring Bhe keeps.
Don't make ths mistake of believing that the girl with the
dreamy eyes isn't wide-awake.
A girl's heart is naturally light
when she strisces a match.
In the beautiful air castles which
girls build you will never find any
washtubs. X--
''' Morrison.; -&- McGillis are- en-
watering lhe Bay mine up the
Phoenix gulch; with tha view of:
1' examining this well-known  prop-
����%.-��� .'������' A-;   yx'X   'XX-y y THE    LEDGE,     GREENWOOD.     B.     0.
If neglscted, it will weaken tlie
throat <ind perhaps reach the lungs.
Nothing surer to help you quickly
than the healing soothing vapor of
Catarrhozone. Its action is magical,
every congested spot is healed, irritation is soothered away, phlegm and
.secretion are cleaned out, all .symptoms of .weak throat, Catarrh, Bronchitis disappears. Catarrhozone is a
genuine, scientific preparation. Sold
everywhere in three sizes, 25c, 50c
and one dollar for a complete two
months treatment. Prepared by Catarrhozone Co., Montreal.
Lady Astor
Makes Appeal
British   Woman   M.P.   Pleads   for   Redress of Wrongs to Women and
"I don't tell men what they want to
know; I tell them what they need to
know," declared Lady Astor, member
of the British House of Commons, in
addressing a large throng of Toronto's
feminine clubs and organizations in
Convocation Hall. This distinguished visitor told the audience just what
she thinks about women and men.
Miss Agnes Maephail, only lady
member of the Canadian House of
Commons, also was present and there
was a peculiar bond of sympathy prevalent between tlie two women. Perhaps no two people ever had I'or the
time being so much in common.
"I sometimes feel very lonely," said
Miss MacPhail.
"I know, I know," Lady Aslor's gesture spoke for her.
Lady Astor was sketchy on her
own politics, but urged women lo
forget parties when general moral
problems were concerned. She ended with a strong plea for more Christian fulfillment of their beliefs by
professed Christians.     \
Dealing with the Cliveden home of
the Astor's in England, which was
turned over to the military for a
hospital, and where Lady Astor and
General S. C. Mewburn went through
the process of "winding red tape
straight," Lady Astor said.
"There is a-bit of Cliveden that is
'forever Canada.'" She had said
when in Chicago that she dreaded
speaking to a Canadian audience,
meaning that Canada had a very special place in her heart and one good
.soul immediately procured for her
help in trouble, "5,000 facts' about
"Yes, you laugh," said the speaker.
"That woman did not understand
that to speak about something we
love, hurts, when i( has meant what
it did."
In Lady Astor's vivid words one
saw the mighty young giant Canada,
surging overseas gay and gallant;
one saw the flower of her youth,
spent and dying, or bolstered up for
one more fight by tender hands at
Cliveden and elsewhere. She made
her audience laugh one moment by
the recital of a backwoodsman's proposal to her. He was obstreporous
about staying on the bed and she was
sent to scold him. "You're the sort
of woman I want to take back with
me to my cottage as my wife." "
The next instant Lady Astor Iiatl
caught the hearts of sorrowing
wives and mothers in one mighty
loving grip���and they rose up and
thanked her, just as the individual
woman did later. She inspired them
by reminding them of what public
life might mean; of the peace that
women stood for; of the things they
had to fight for until they could
make men see the need for joint redress   of    age-old wrongs to women
and children. She touched on the
returned soldier problem. "If only
you wouldn't go home with a grievance! I used to tell them. But
what is man without a grievance?"
Vimy Ridge
f  ;"'
Where the  Price of  Nationhood Was
Paid and the  Link of Nationhood
King George has been paying a
visit to Vimy Ridge. Many Canadians have vivid recollections of Arinry
Hklge. It overlooked the village of
Vimy and the town of Lens; the Arras road ran past quite near, and
some farming country spread itself
Westwards, with trees and farms and
What the Canadian ..who know
most of Vimy Ridge reinember about
it are the shell holes, the mine holes,
the blasted fields, the mud, the debris
ot war, the bits of broken guns and
rifles, the bits of broken human bodies, rotting horses, splintered caisson
The Canadian division stormed
Vimy Ridge, and took it. They
made their preparations under German gunfire; they lost, a lot of men
when they drove the Germans out of
their positions on the ridge. If was
hell at Vimy Ridge when the Canadians took it; hell boiling red and
running over; tliere were no larks
singing above Vimy Ridge on that
Everything is quiet there now, ojnl
die travellers may walk up the green
slope and see the smoke curl up from
the chimneys in Vimy village, and
watch the traflic on the Arras road,
and look at thc monument to the fallen; there are lots of Canadians still
on Vimy Ridge, their bones incorpor-
| ated with alien soil; and as often as
Canadian thoughts turn to Vimy
Ridge'it is to think of it as one of the
places where the price of nationhood
was paid and where the link of nationhood was forged.���AVinnipeg Free
A Stitch in Time
Quick action is the only hope
when kidney disease appears.'
There is a whole train of dreadfully painful and fatal ailments
which soon follow any neglect to
get the kidneys right. Among*
others are rheumatism,, lumbago,
Bright's disease, hardening of the
arteries and high blood pressure.
In Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver
Pifls you will find a treatment
which is both quick and thorough.
Mr. C. E. Raymus, Lindale,
Alta., writes:~~
"I was a great sufferer from kidney
disease and lame back for more than
a year. A friend of mine one day
told ,tic of Dr. Chases Kidney-Liver
Pills, and acting- u_>on his advice ii
tried ihem. After I x-.ad talctn oae box
I feh better, so I coniinued tintf! I had
used five boxes. By this time I felt
as well and strong as ever, and am g!a.-i J
to recommend ��� Dr. Chase's Kidney-.
Liver Pills to anyone suffering as I
did."   .      '
Dr. Chase's Kiiiney?Liver
Pills, one pill a dose,-25c a bos,
all dealers, or Edmanson, Bates &
Co., Ltd., Toronto.
Grasshopper Warning
Startling Announcement Made by
���Alberta University  Professor
"Unless farmers in Southern Alberta , adopt an active campaign
against grasshoppers there will nofbe
any crops this year in that part of
This was the startling announcement made ^���E.'H, Strickland, professor of entomology at the University
of Alberta, who.is again in charge of
combating the menace in/Alberta,
working under the Department of
Agriculture. \
"The whole thing is entirely in the
hands of the farmers," said Mr.
Strickland, "and it is solely up to
them to see that all grasshoppers'
breeding grounds are effectively poisoned. The whole oC -the infested
area lias heen blanketed and no less
than twenty-two ' agents have been
appointed, who will have nothing to
do but to attend to the extermination
of the hoppers."
Mr. Strickland stated that thc late
season this year had been unfortunate i'rom their point of" view. There
was now not, much chance of the
yo*dng insects being killed off by
irost after hatching out. On account
of the late season it was not probable
that the hoppers -would hatch out until the beginning of June. He mentioned this, owing to the fact that as
few farmers had so far come across
them, they seemed to have the impression that they will not now make
their appearance.
"Last year," ho said, "as many as
2,000 eggs were found in a 'square
foot of ground. This year, owing to
the cause I have mentioned, unless
preventable, measures -are���adopted,
the number will be at least 5,000."
Red Snow in Rockies
Effect   is   Produced   by   Presence   of
Myriads of Tiny Organisms'
Last summer red snow made its ap
pearance in the Rocky Mountain- Na
tional Park to the wonder of tourists.
The great masses of color present in
the snow fields of the higher eleva
tions, says the ��� Scientific American,
are due to billions of tiny organisms,
half plant, half animal, that have the
power of movement, growth and reproduction.
.The organism is an Arctic species
known as Protococcus nivalis, and it
has been found in Grazier and Mount
Kainer National Parks .only within
lhe past decade. The color reaches
its maximum density about a quarter-
of an inch below the' surface of the
snow; on the. tongue its'flavor suggests watermelons. It is a mystery
how the spore traversed such great
distances," but it is supposed'to have
travelled on tlie Chinook winds.
Tho Wonderful hcrbr.l balm for In-
juries & skin disease. SOc. nil dealers.
Embargo On-
European Bees
Steps Taken to Prevent Introduction
of Disease
There is not at present, so far as
known, any case of the "Isle of
Wight" disease among bees in Canada, and steps have been taken by the
Dominion Minister of Agriculture to
prevent its introduction in this country. What is known is that it has
existed in several European countries
for some years. This fact has been
directly brought to official knowledge,
both in Canada and the United States,
by a sample of live bees, imported
from Scotland, being sent to the Bureau of Entomology in Washington,
D.C., which on examination were
found to contain living mites which
are the embodiment. of thc disease,
thc worst phase of which is that no
treatment has been discovered that
can safely be recommended for its
eradication and certainly of. control.
The insidiousness of the disease is
emphasized by the mites being so
small as to be invisible to the naked
eye and consequently beyond the general recognition of the beekeeper.
From these facts will be readily
recognized the importance of immediate action being taken to safeguard
bees from a disease which, once introduced, may prove widely destructive of the honey industry of the
country, i .The subject was considered at tlie meeting of the American
Association of Economic Entomologists in Toronto last fall and a committee was appointed to further consider
the matter. This committee met in
Washington:' and upon its suggestion
the importation into- Canada from any
European country',was prohibited; on
the order of the Minister of Agriculture for the Dominion, of Bees, used
or second-hand hives, raw hive goods
or products, excepting honey and wax,
from the first of the present month.
While the importation of bees from
Europe has hitherto been on a very
small scale, consisting principally of
Italian queen bees for breeding purposes, it is nevertheless desirable
that every possible channel by which
disease might enter should be closed.
Do You Know a Sunfish When You*��ge It?
1-1E sunfish is a member of the Globefish family, and Pimzie learned
this after his wonderful play and rest among the rocks that had been
uncovered by the low tide. . . . when he learned all about everything concerning Hermit Crabs. What a good time he'had-had!
He hated the mere thought of leaving the place, and yet he had to,
because at last the tide was coming in���which, as you know, it does every
twelve hours, just as it goes out again after the same lapse of time. So,
tide coming in and Pimzie perforce going out, he naturally was on the lookout for new things to learn about. He had watched Hermit-Crabs until he
really was tired, and that is unusual for any Brownie. He had seen them
light about nothing (which they are always more than anxious and willing to
do), and he had seen them battle about the homes they lived in, had.;lived in
or were wanting to live in. Such fights! He had seen some of'them ter-7
ribly wounded and torn in half, while the" victors triumphantly took posses-^
sion of the empty shell; and he had seen other things, too! And one of them
reminded him of once when he had been on Fifth Avenue, in New York City,
and when looking in a shop window had beheld a Japanese screen that had
been so beautifully painted and landscaped that for a moment as he gazed at
it lie-almost thought himself beyond the city limits and far away near the
ocean. In any case, he wished himself there,-arid thought of fields aud birds
and flowers and waters and fish and reeds. ..___
Can you guess what he saw? v
He was leaning against some
rocks overlooking a patch of
water which'the sun directly
struck, and Tight there, where
he could so distinctly see them,
a whole,school o'f Sunfish were
lazily basking and swimming in
the sun warmed waters. They
went around and. around, none
of them hurrying and none of
them lagging behind the others;
and Pimzie, who in spite of being full of mischief is just as
full of love of the unusual and
beautiful, could hardly breathe;
he was far too busy looking! It
was almost exactly like the design on the beautiful Japanese
screen that he remembered.
Oopyright. 1922.
'When thinking of Sun fish we are very apt to make mistakes'.-"" We order
Sunfish from the fish dealers when we should say Panfish. A real Sunfish is
almost round in shape and has two long and pointed hand-like fins toward
the end of its body. It gleams and shines with phosphorus by night, and for
this reason is often called Headfish and Mooniish. It is not very good to eat,
and the Panfish that we wrongfully call Sunfish are delicious and much in
Have you ever
about it.-
heard of a Toadfish?     Next week's story will tell you
Defending the Crow
When Water is Compressed
Ocean   Level -Would  be  Much  Higher j
But   for   the   Weight   of   Water
Which Causes Compression
People often say that water is incompressible; but this is only relatively true. But, really, water may
be considered to bo incapable of being pressed into a smaller space, although it' yields under pressure to an
exceedingly' slight extent. Thus,
1,000 volumes of water become D99-95
volumes under an additional pressure
of one atmosphere (about fifteen
pounds to*the square inch).
Sniall as this quantity is, it pro-
duces-a-surprising -effect," for~as "The
water at the bottom of the sea is
compressed by the weight of a varying depth of water above it���sometimes as much'as six miles���the surface is lower than it would be if water
were absolutely incompressible.     On
Science   Says   He   is   ths   Friend
'Feelings towards the old crow, as
his voice is heard early in the spring,
after a long winter absence, are not
hostile. ��� But as .the summer wears
on, and he establishes afresh, justly
or unjustly,, a reputation as a poacher;
killing brigades of humans, are organized.
Duck hunters declare he destroys
duck eggs, the prairie chicken experts are sure that .his main food is
eggs and yonng. chicks, and so on'the
evidence goes.  -
Science, that foe of credulity and
superstition, has, got around to the defense of the crow. The* bird of evil
omen, criminal instincts, with predatory tastes and habits is now said to
be the friend of mankind. Instead of
being shot at, and generally- terrorized, science comes along and says
the enmity is false in" theory and injurious in practice.
What science tells- us*"is that the
food " of the crow consists largely
ot beetles, bugs, cut worms, grasshoppers, mice, etc.���all enemies of the
Science, in a word, declares the
crow will effect to the 'farmer a, saving of far more seeds than he will
himself appropriate by way of varying the monotony of a meat diet. -
It is a little early in the season for
a discussion on tho crow, but if
science is right, the fellow hitherto
regarded as a black rascal may prove
to be real white and of service to
mankind.���Winnipeg Tribune. - '
Employment Better
Volume   -Showed     Considerable
provement During April
The volume of employment as reported by employers to the labor department showed considerable revival
during April from tlie losses reported
at the end of March. ..; At the close of
April, however, temporary shut-downs
in some of the railway car shops caus-
fed large reductions ; in employment,
but the declines' were on a somewhat-
smallervscale than' those indicated at
the "end of -March.
Unemployment, as registered by
trade unions, showed a decrease ..at
the end of March, as compared with
the preceding month, whereas during the corresponding period0of last
year the percentage of.idleness had
shown an increase oyer-the February
The iobacxo of Quali ty
and in packages
Pulp and Paper Exports
Canadian exports of pulp and paper
for March weres valued at $10,672,332.
In total volume, both', pulp and paper,
show a substantial gain." Exports of
newsprint paper amounted to 1,903,;
913 cwts., an increase of 388,445 compared with March a year ago, and constituted a new record. Pulp exports
increased .both in volume .and value
compared with a year ago, the volume increase amounting -to 586,138
cwts., and' the value increase to
Prime Ministers-of Britain
j Thirty-six  PremTer/s  in   England
ing Last Two Centuries
How many could give off the names
of Great Britain's Prime Ministers in
say the last two hundred years? -
Watch Your Brain
. Take care of your brain. It is the
most wonderful part of your body,
and yet you take- more care of every
other organ. You exercise your limbs.
You develop your muscles. You
worry about your intestines. But
you seldom/bother about your brain."
For example, you allow poisonous
thoughts to enter it, as if the brain
could thrive on poison. .You would
die rather than1 swallow a pint\of
cholera germs, but you permit deadly
thoughts to injure the beautiful machinery of your brain. "Keep your
brain as clean as your body.���London
Sunday Express.
^Arabs Drink Cold Water
The Ara6 drinks cold, water with a.
spoon, but= never-bathes -in- it"unless
his home is near the seashore.
Well, the two centuries from 1721
an average, the level of the surface of ito th�� PrcS(-nt year, there have been
the ocean is depressed as much as nt> i 11*hl'>'-six I>rimo Ministers of England.
feet, ' and thus about two million j
square miles of land are now uncovered which would otherwise have
been submerged, if water could not
be squeezed into a smaller space.
The.Vancouver Exhibition Association will stage an exceptional display
of cattle at- the forthcoming fair in
August, according to the entries already being received by the manager.
Eleven thousand- dollars, in addition
to silver cups and diplomas, is being
offered in prize money. The Hol-
stein-Fresian Association of Canada
lias donated a generous.prize list of
special awards.
2?/.   N.   V.   1421
The Alberta division Canadian Red
Cross have completed arrangements
to bring six films to the province for
use in their- health education campaign. A special appropriation has
been made for this purpose by She
national executive of the Red Cross
and Alberta has taken steps to *_5>t a
supply" as soon-as-possible. It is expected that they will arrive in the
near future.
"Fingerprints" of a Cow's Nose
New Method of Identification of the
Bovine Family
According to a plan instituted in
Minneapolis lately, more than 2,000
prints of cow's nose have becn filed.
William E. Peterson, superintendent
of the official testing bureau of that
State, says nose prints are as infallible as fingerprints, and that every
pedigreed cow should be so registered.
Tlie chairman of the International
Association of Identification and, editor of the Detective, said that the plan
is receiving such favorable support in
Minnesota that it will become national. ,
"I have gone into the matter and I
find that a cow's nose never changes,"
he said, "it is the same as with fingerprints. ' So many purchasers have
been swindled by substitution of low
"grade stock for pure blooded, that the
wise purchaser hereafter will look for
a nose-print identification." .
Their names, -arranged in the order
of their first taking office are: Sir
Robert Walpole, Earl of-Wilmington,
Henry Pelhaxn, Duke of Newcastle,
Duke of Devonshire, Earl of Bute,
George Grenville, Marquise of Rockingham, Earl of Chatham, Duke of
Grafton, Lord North, Earl of Shel-
bourne, Duke of Portland, William
Pitt, Henry Adriington, Lord Grenville, Spencer Percival, Earl of Liverpool, George Canning. Viscount
Goderich, Duke of Wellington, Earl
Grey, Viscount Melbourne
Peel, Lord
Derby, Earl of Aberdeen, Viscount
Palmerston, Benjamin Disraeli, William Gladston, Marquess of Salisbury,
Earl of Itosebery, Arthur, now Earl,
Balfour, Sir Henry Campbell-Banner-
man, Henry Asquith and David Lloyd
Sir Robert
John vRussell," Earl   of
Love is like seasickness���it can be
felt but not described.
Many women get weak and.run down
and unable'to look after their: household-duties owing to*the heart action
b ecoming impaired or the nervous system unstrung.
Nature! intended women to be
strong, healthy, .and happy: instead of
sick and wretched.- But-how can a
woman be strong and healthy when
day in and day out she h**.s' to go
through the same routine of work,
sweeping, dusting, cooking, washing,'
etc. Is it any wonder-that the heart
becomes affected and she gets irritable and nervous, has hot flushes, faint
and dizzy spells, smothering and sinking spells and can't sleep at night.-1--
. To all women whose heart is weak
and whose nerves are unstrung wo
would recommend        , o
as the best remedy to tone up the system and strengthen the weakened organs. * .
Mrs. Daniel Bezarison, Loganviller
N.S., writes:���"As I was troubled with
a weak heart for nearly two years I
am writing to tell you what-your great
renfedy, Milburn's Heart- and' Nerve
Pilis, has done for me, ���'    *
My heart was so bad at night'I
could not sleep, I would take smothering spells, and was so weak I could
not do my housework. I tried two
doctors, but got no-results. A friend
advised me to try your pills. I used
six* boxes and am completely relieved.
I think they are the best remedy for
heart trouble there is."
Price,, 50c a box fit. all-dealers, or
mailed, direct on receipt of price ..by
The T. Milburn Co., Limited, Toronto,
Oat. . "
Will Operate Large Stock Ranch
Dr. W. II. Geddes, and his brother
have* purchased *the~14,000-acre_pror>
erty of the Columbia Valley Archarda
Ltd: It is understood- that the owners will utilize a large area of their
holdings -as a stock- ranch.
Will Test Utility of Poplar. Shingle
Lumber Mill to be Erected on Shore;,
of Lesser Slave Lake   .       <
Homesteaders    and    others    living'
along the' south shore, of Lesser Slave
Lake will- be able to roof their, build--
ings   with' native shingles 'at a low'
cost- in   the   near' future."    George
Frued intends to cut' poplar .flooring
and shingles at a mill to "be erected.
a couple of miles west of Faust.   He
thinks    that    the former article can
be made.to-sell. F.O.B.- the mill, Jor
thirty-five dollars per thousand, while ���
the, latter might be   had   for   about
two dollars.     While   well    seasoned
flooring cut from poplar is an excellent   thing,    it   is doubted ,if it- will
earn the same   commendation   when
placed on the roof.     This is due to
the fact that flooring is   inside - and
after a wetting is allowed to dry,-but
on the roof different conditions prevail.     The amount laid ' to   weather ���
will dry alter a rain, but the wet penetrates'-underneath  the   covering  and
it is here that.rot may be looked for-
in a short space of time.     Mr/Frued
is   well   aware   of this so will"cut a'
limited quantity for the first two seasons.���Edmonton Bulletin."""   ' ." /   '    '
What Radio Will Do'for the Farm
From all ' indications the radio
promises io take its place ahead of
Uie automobile, the victrola, modern
sanitation facilities, electric lightiLS
and power equipment, wireless telephone, et'c, as a scientific development -calculated to * make farm life
at once more profitable and more alluring; and its inevitable tendency
will be to ^hasten the solution of the
perplexing problem of how to keep
the young folks-on theMara.���From
the Atlanta Constitution.
Worries of Arkan,' Reporter
Well,   I .guess   everybody --knows'
tliere is nothing tojfwrlte about down
liere, there is hardly.any news at all
to write.      This is    a   place   where'
everybody stays at,home all the time
and   never   sees his neighbor, never
knows ' when anyone dies or -anyone
marries," and "thenT'if "you~"go"to~""t~eTf
them*someone' has married  or died
they say, "Well, that is no more than
I   was, ..expecting."���Council's-  Point
News, in-Marvell Herald. ,,
Chi I d ren Cry For
The    number   thirteen    is    never
used   by   the' "Italians in making up
[ their lotteries.
>3��   the The Name
%."C��Xtte/Zj "Clatters"
^**���������! 1       ��� jxiSentma, Vaccines
ond tfigilressms Kjniffes, Made by Thc Labors'
/ toiy thit Knows How.��� Twenty-five years of corv
���sjsdcnsriout endeavor in one line count fat ttxaetiuog.
Tlie Cutter Laboratory
Ser&cley   ,   (U.S. license) ���_   Cslifora&r
Opening Up Fish By-Products Plant '
George1 Bushby, of Victoria, has arrived to open up the fish by-products
plant at Tucks Inlet for the, manufacture of fish fertilizer and meal and the
extraction of fish oi!. It is expected i
to porduce 3,000 tons of fertilizer and
meal and 300,000 barrels of fish oil
this season.' The/ plant will operate
all the year round and at the height
of the season will keep four-tugboats
busy, as well as.alarge gang Qf men.
By making your purchases -from
yocr home merchant - you are contributing direct to the prosperity of
the community in which you live.
London University in England,
with 20,000 students, is the largest in
the world. N
-   ��l
Special Care of Baby.
That Baby should h^ve a bed of its own all are agreed. Yet it
is more reasonable for an infant to sleep with grown-ups than to use
a man's medicine in an attempt to regulate the delicate organism of
that same infant. Either practiced to be shunned. Neither would
be tolerated by-specialists in children's-diseases.
Your Physician will tell you that Baby's medicine must be
prepared with even greater care than Baby's food.
��� A Baby's stomach when in good health is too often disarranged
by improper food.' Could you for a moment, then, think of giving
to your ailing child anything but a medicine especially prepared
iorjnfants and Children ? Don't be deceived.
Make a mental note of this:���-It is .important, Mothers, that
you should remember that to function well, xtbe digestive organs of
your Baby must receive special care. Ho Baby is so abnormal that
the desired results may be had from the use of medicines primarily
prepared for grown-ups. -
Bears the Signature'of   '
"Exact Copy of Wrapper.'
I ";---3'-.iW3��S-5r.l
Causing Delay
^Dublin.���Speaking to his motion fix- ] seats, but have been met with an in-
ing the elections lor South Ireland���' solent threat ot" civil war. It we are
nominations oh June 6,*-and June 16 faced with an armed force, we shall
the polling���Mjr. Griffith in a strong meet it, and those shedding Irish
speech dealt with the delays caused | blood rather than allow the people
by the treaty opponents who, he said,'to vote-will be branded with greater
rejected every effqrt at a compromise. I intamy than Dermod MacMorrough."
lie declared nothing more insolent Kevin O'Higgins, seconding the
could be found in the .history���"of mod-! Griffith motion,; provoked-a scene of
em' civilization than the njinority's J angry recrimination with "-"de Valera
claim to deny^the people's right to de-'l who' stoutly. denied O'JE-Iiggins' asser-
THE     LEDGE.     GREENWOOD.     B.
Investigate Alleged
Turkish Atrocities
termine their, own future
The men making this claim, Mr.
Griffith added; were greater enemies
than the British because they wore
the mask of patriotism. It was time
this humbug ceased..; They would''be
poltroons If they submitted to a tyranny which he described as meaner
than England's. The opponents represented only two per cent,   of   the
lion that de Valera had ������ told ��� the
young men of Ireland they would
have to wade through Irish blood and
attributing the present raids on-banks
and other disorders to incitement by
de Valera.
...Charles Burgess reviewed the'whole
course   of   the   peace   negotiations, |
provoking some angry passages with
Griffith.     lie declared that the Grif-
London. ��� . Favorable replies
have been received by the British Government from Franfce and
litaly to Great Britain's proposal
to send a commission to inquire
into alleged Turkish atrocities in
Onatolia. No reply has yet been
received from the United States
Government, but hope \0as expressed by the Government that
the United States; woul<T.:be able
to participate in the inquiry. It
is considered that the Allied High
Commisisoner in Constantinople
may designate certain persons to
formv a part of the .co'mr
which rn^y include neutrals.
Casgrain Says Canal   ,/..
Would increase Rates
inhabitants ol the country who stood j fith molion lecognized partition of
like highwaymen with pistols at the i Ireland. 7 The. elections, Burgess beheads of the people.
"They will not have .our votes," Mr.
.Griffith shouted, "and they will find
some trouble in having our lives." lie
continued: "We have offered our opponents five.seats'for the: one they
will    be   able lo win and have even
offered to allow them their existing   the Dail
lieved, ought to be on an audit suffrage-basis and in the 32 counties
and England ought to give an undertaking to the. United States to
abide by the results: If this were
done he was ready;to.agree to the
elections,   but   otherwise he advised
to vote against the motion.
Genoa.���The agreement for a truce j on the questions metfUoned in clause
or temporary- pact of non-aggression
contains six clauses summarized as
' Clause 1.���Provides for the ."appointment of a commission by the
powers to-examine again the divergencies existing between the Soviet
Gove'rnment and other/Governments
and with a view to meeting a Russian
commission.having the same mandate.
Clause 2.���Not-later tlian June*20
the name of the powers .-represented
on'the non-Russian commision wifl be
' communicated to the   other   Governments.
Clause 3.7r-Tlie questions to be
treated "by' -these, commissions will
comprise debts, private properties
and credits. i   -���
Clause 4.���The mermbers ,of the
two commisisonsj must'' be at The
Hague on June 26.
, Clause   5.���The' *two   commissions
will strive to
Clause 6.���To permit the commis
sions to work peacefully' and also' to"
re-establish mutual confidence, the
Soviet^ Government and its republics
I on the one side and the other Governments on the other, pledge themselves
to abstain from any act of aggression
and subversive propaganda?" .The
pledge for abstaining from any act of
aggression will be phased upon-the
present, status quo and will remain in
force, tor a period of lour months after the conclusion of the work of the
commissions. '
The pledge concerning" propaganda
will oblige the Government's not' to
ihterefere in any way in the internal
affairs of other states and not to
assist, financially or by any other
means political organizations in other
countries and will- oblige them to suppress in their territory any attempt
to commit acts of violence in other
states or.'aiming" to disturb 'the'terri-
Ocean   Vessels   Would   Not   Compete
With Low Charges
Ottawa.���-Resuming   his, speech   on
the  St.  Lawrence ship canal in  the
Senate,   Senator   Casgrain   declared
that its construction instead of cheapening rates would increase them.   On
May'5 the rate on wheat from Port
Arthur   -to    Montreal    including   all
charges, was less than  7  cents  per
bushel,    while    the average rate���per
bushel from 1910 to 1915 from Port
Arthur to Liverpool,    including    ail
charges was:10.73. cents.     No ocean
vessel'-''would; - ever   enter the .great
lakes, and compete'-Witli that p6rt.77' 7
A ten-thousahd-ton  tramp  steamer
costs ?800 per day   to   operate, 7 and
it would take fifty days for a return
voyage from Liverpool to Duluth, or
a   total   cost of $40,000.   Such a ship
would carry only two hundred thousT
and bushels of grain at 11 cents per
bushel.-wliich would'mean.a net loss
of   $18,000    dollars.-    Lake    carriers
could  handle  five  hundred thousand
bushels of grain on an average.   They
could come down with ore and grain
to the lower lakes and get a complete
cargo of coal back.   They could make
the return .voyage in ten days with a
revenue Trt ""$11,000.'
IT. D. Peddlar, Editor of The Herald,
Oxbow, Saskatchewan.
reach joint .resolutions ,torial or political status quo.
Honorary Degrees Awarded
Feature of Convocation^.Exercises at
Manitoba  University
Winnipeg.���A feature of the convo-
'V,cation exercises of the University of
Manitoba here at which 200 graduates
.in* all faculties were admitted to degrees, was the'awarding of honorary
degree of Doctor of   Laws   to   Rev.
-  Joseph Blain, S.J., of the Edmonton
Jesuit   College.     Rev.   Father Blain
was connected with.the St.-Boniface
College here for 26 years.
, Honorary Doctor of Laws degrees
.were    also    conferred on Dr. A. B.
-   Baird," o* Manitoba College, Robert
Fletcher, Deputy Minister of-Education for Manitoba, and Rev. A. Stew-
_,,__art,_of_5Veslev College.and-a- Method-^
ist pioneer of Western Canada.
John V. Straumfjord, a Wesley Col
lege student, won the Governor-
General's medal for the highest aggre-,
gate marks in the first three years.
Imported Live Canadian Cattle
London.���Replying to a question in
the House of Commons, Sir A. Griffith Boscawen, "Minister of Agriculture, said 31,974 live cattle for food
liad been imported by the United
Kingdom from/Canada in 1921 and 2,-
193 "in the first four months of this
year. No importation occurred in
1919 and 1920.
Early Sailing on
Northern Route
Steamer  Northland   is  Carrying   Full
Cargo for Fitzgerald
' Edmonton.���The steamer Korthland
Echo left Fort McMurray lor Fitzgerald, May 16, according to advices received by the Northern Trading Company. This is said to be the earliest
sailing on the northern route on record. A clear channel is ahead though
it/is expected that some ice may be
encouhtedon Lake Athabasca.
The Eoho carried a full cargo of
freight and mail,'including the winter's accumulation of second class
matter. . A quantity of supplies and
machinery for the oil camp at Hay
River is aboard and more will follow
on the next trip.
A Monster Memorial
To Inscribe Names of Missing Canadians on Vimy Ridge Monument
Toronto.���Major-Gen. S. C. Mew-
burn, Hamilton, former Minister--of
Militia, addressed delegates to the
joint conference of the Canadian and
Oritario Dental Associations Here at
luncheon. He reviewed the work of
the Canadian Army Dental Corps
from:; 1914 .throughout the war and
praised the caje and treatment they
gave the Canadian soldiers. Speaking as-chairman, of the War Graves
Commission, General Mewburn said
that the names of 19,000 missing Canadian soldier's s.would be inscribed in
bronze on the memorial'to be erected
at, Vimy Ridge, the base of*which
monument would cover an acre of
The monster, memorial, General
Mewburn said, would . probably^ be
visible for a distance of 15 -to 20
miles. It was designed by W. S. Al-
ward, the Toronto sculptor. The
site had not been fixed up yet the
General said.
Oriental Problem for
Whole of Canada
Victoria���That the Oriental
question is one for the whole of
Canada to solve, and that the
menace of the Oriental is one for
the Dominion and-not British Columbia alone, was the assertion of
Attorney General A. M. Manson,
at a dinner given here by the Advisory Boarc. of the Provincial Retail Merchants'. Association. '-The
Oriental: is not possible as a permanent citizen in British Columbia," declared the Attorney-General, who stated that the visit to
British Columbia' this summer of
prominent members of the Federal .Cabinet might be instrumental
in remedying conditions.
uge Sum Is Woied By
House Of Commons For
^Government Railway,
League Will Consider
Mandate for Palestine
Meeting to be Held Not Later than
Geneva.���The Council of the League
of Nations decided to hold a special
-meeting not later than July 15 to consider the question of approving the
British mandate tor Palestine. Lord
Balfour in a speech before the council,
said Great Britain was greatly disappointed that the present session had
-failed to register""the League's consent" to the terms of the mandate,
which the allied.powers had -long ago
agreed uopn.     Lord Balfour pointed'
To Meet at the Hague
Selected- as Meeting Place to Discuss
Russian Question
Genoa.���The Hague has been '.-definitely, selected'as'the meeting place for
the experts who will further .examine
the Russia problem. 3 Arrangements
for The Hague conference-, in June
were practically completed with 'the
acceptance by the Russians of the
proposals submitted to them, which
have, been amended so as to provide
that a truce between the various powers will continue for a maximum of
eight months.
���The process verbal relating to the
Lloyd George plan for dual commissions to ;meeV at The Hague, which
was presented to the'Russians was
adopted .with an annex. With the
amendments carried by the sub-commission, it will be sent to'the Washington Government" probably with a
letter from'the secretary of the Genoa
conference.   7*    '
Clause 6 of, the annex to the process verbal, which refers to the truce
or preliminary pact of ""non-aggression, was amended in such a manner
as to make it clear that the truce, as
well as applying to the Russian Government proper, will   apply
Understanding With
France is Necessary
Should Also  Have  Good Will of U.S.
Says- Viscount Grey '
London���-Viscount Grey, former
Foreign Secretary, in a letter to the
Liberal Federation meeting excusing
his absence, comments on the Genoa
conference as providing an example
of what should be avoided. To secure the. ends desired, he contends, a
closer understanding with.France and
the co-operation of the United States
were essential.
"I cannot believe that either of
these powers would not have shown
genuine good will had they been
consulted beforehand," he continues.
"This omission greatly impaired, il
it did not destroy, the conference.
France was filled with distrust and
America refused to participate at all.
The conference thus became a sort of
I political international gamble.
"I continue to believe that an understanding with France and the
good will, of the United States is the
only sound foundation for economic
reconstruction" and -peace. Both these
essential conditions have been rendered more difficult-or.less likely by
the Genoa conference."
Best Care Bestowed
On Soldiers' Graves
a general
the eight republics allied with'Russia
This w;ould bring in the Far Eastern
Republic, with which Japan has been
vainly trying to conclude
The Japanese delegation accepted
thiswamendment with the understanding that it must be ratified by the
Japanese Government.
A second important amendment to
the document provides that the truce
will continue to operate for a period
of four months after adjournment of
The Hague meeting. As it had been
previously understood that The Hague
conference would last about four
months, this change is interpreted as!
indicating a - probable European and
Asiatic truce of about eight months.
This extension is also considered a
victory for Mr. Lloyd George because
King   George   Pleased   With   Splendid
Work of7Commission
London.���His Majesty King George
has written a leiter with regard to his
recent    visit    io    the war graves in
also   toiwll*c"*  lle  says:   ""-1**3  M��ijesty  trusts
lhat the high commissioners and
other representatives of the Dominions will convey lo their people the
great satisfaction he expressed lo
them personally at the care bestowed
on the graves of those who lie so far
from their homes. Ip. all the cemeteries .visited- by His Majesty, the Do-'
minion and British graves lay side by
side. The King assures the people
overseas that these graves will be reverently and lovingly guarded. It is a
satisfaction to His Majesty that the
Imperial War Graves Commission is*
so constituted that these graves may
be honored for all lime."
Lose Show Horses In Fire j
Oakville, ' Ont.���Twenty-eight or
thirty show horses, hunters, belonging
to H., C. Cox and Sir Adam Beck, were
burned to death when' the arena in
which-Hugh 'Wilson trains_the~horses
was _ burned to the ground. The
arena probably cost $25,000.
British Settlers for B.C.
Victoria, ��� Sir William Beach
Thomas, noted war correspondent of
the Daily Mail of London, has arrived
here to spy out the land on Vancouver Island for the settlement of agriculturists," who, it is ' proposed will
emigrate' from the British Isles.
Sir William was sent out by-Xord
Northcliffe-- as a- result of what the
latter learned of Canada during his
tour last year.
Gift of French Government
France Gives Stone for a Memorial at
_ _ Ottawa. ��� Premier   Poincare    has
not mean that the allied policy regard-!sion .pact   into'   which he hopes'3the |n/otjfied lhe Government ��f u��� desire
out to the council members that their ��� it provides more time for the consum-
refusal "to consider the mandate did j mation of the permanent non-aggres-
ing.mandates was endangered.     The j truce will be merged
council could not change the decision
of, the allies on the mandate he reminded the members.
Lady Astor Delivers
A Rotable Address At
Meeting Held In Ottawa
* i
Ottawa.���In  all respects  the most! new world would remember the "deot
brilliant event..of its kind "there haa' they owed England for the battle she
been in Ottawa in a long time was ,J0U&ht: and won at Runnymere.     She
the meeting hero addressed bv* Lady  he,'SeU loved Canat,��- ior the sacrifice
A-* ..  r   *" .        ' Canada had made in her turn   of 50-
Astor, first woman   member   of   the  r,��� -�����������, ��������. *. -       X X ,.      \
,,.,.,������ , 00�� llves for things that Canada held
British Parliament.   Apart lrom Ladvfdoar
y Recover  Canadian__Market	
London.���A   gratifying   revival' of
trade has, occurred-in the New South
j Wales tin plate industry which des-
��� I pite the total absence of buying from
Central Europe is now working at 70
per cent, of capacity.      One' of the
Unemployment iri B.C. Decreasing *'
Victoria, .B.C. ��� 'Unemployment
throughout British Columbia has de
creased so rapidly that in some parts
of the province it has practically disappeared altogether. '
' 'Provincial employment officers in
their reports to the' Department ot
Labor, state they are now placing men
much more freely than before. Improved _weather conditions are given
as partly-the cause. * "
Special Brand for Australia Butter
London.���Reuter's Melbourne correspondent cables that at the conclusion
of the Australian butter conference,
. Ihe Minister of Customs states it has
most re-assuring features is declared j been decided to establish an Austra-
*"* u" *'     "" ~       "        Uan-TH-and for exported.butter.     The
to bc the recovery.of the Canadian
market which the Americans captured
before the war.
Astor's address on public questions,
the nflair took somewhat the form of
Declaring   that   Canadian    women
who got the chance did   as   much   in
DrumheUer Mines May Re-open
Calgary .--Mine operators of the
DrumheUer Valley say coal mines will
re-open June 15, according to a special
dispatch received here. , Meantime,
however, everyone is awaiting announcement of a -decision by the con''
filiation hoard, which now stands adjourned.
buttervcouncil would advise the Com
monwealtlrand State Governments re-
garding'Uie industry, said the minister.
Vesuvius is Active
Naples.���The volcano Vesuvius is in
eruption with renewed violence, emitting large quantities of lava and
clouds of dense vapor.- It is not
thought the present eruption will endanger,the surrounding territory.
reception   to  the  British-American] the' war as any, she said that Eng-
woman who has become one of thcjlish women had a better opportunity
most   prominent   of   her sex in the {for service and all   lived   up   to- it.
world���a reception that was meant lo'"No, not all," she qualified.     "Somei
'honor her for her distinguished effort j people \jn England wrote diaries dur-i
and leadership in public affairs and at
the same time to convey to her the
warmth" of Canadian feeling for her,
arising from her kindness and generosity to* wounded and sick Canadian
soldiers during the war.
The Prime Minister, Hon. W. L.
Mackenzie King, was chairman and
welcomed Laxly Astor on behalf of
Ottawa and Canada. Right Hon. Arthur Meighen, lea-ler of the Opposi-
ing the war. And the ' people who*
wrote diaries���well, they wrote diaries. Nev��r judge England by the
people who -v-rote diaries during the
Lady Astor said that women's taking a voiee ia politics w_puld_rM public life of some of its evil���not all, but
some. Touching on the attitude of J
Americans to Europe she said that
j those   who   said   that  America   was
tion   conveyed   to   her the gratitude ' wanted in the League of Nations that
of the Capitol and the country tor
her visit, while Hon. Dr. H. S. Belaud
voiced the esteem and affection in
which she is held by French-Canadians.
Discounting at the outset her work
for Canadian soldiers. Lady Astor said
her sons might be brought to fight in
unknown wars "knew perfectly well
that they were lying to the cfiUck
when they said it." , Americans had
as much longing: for the League as
England. She had not been 'sent
j over, as a Chicago gaper said, to get
hundreds of English worked as hard j the. United States into the British JEm
as shc- and hundreds'more envied herjpire, but desired, with Lloyd George
opportunity. From the part played I (the audience applauding his- Eame}
by English ���?- omen in the war she pro- j that the" two countries should walk
ceeded to the age-long leadership of
England in democracy and expressed
ike wish that all newcomers to ?he
side by side.     She fenew, although i
she cottld not prove, lhat all the sacri
rice had not beea in rain.
Expect Reduced Total
Acreage in Wheat
Saskatchewan Will Suffer Most According to Weekly Crop Report
Winnipeg.���"From present indications we'anticipate a somewhat reduced total acreage in wheal this year,"
stated the weekly^ crop report of the
Grain" Trade News issued here.
"While Saskatchewan will perhaps
suffer^ frpjn_an_acre.*ige_reduction -of
from 8 to 12 per cent., 'Alberta and
Manitoba may  both  be  expected  to.
have made a gain of from five to 10
��� per cent.,", the report continues.     If
j last year's figures of wheat acreage
' estimated by the Dominion Bureau of
Statistics are taken then the acreage
fot\   the    two    years might compare
somewhat as follows in round figures:'
Manitoba���1J)21, 3,500,000;  probable
1922, 3,750,000.,
Saskatchewan ��� 1921,     13,500,000;
probable 1S22, 12,000,000.
Alberta���1921,   5,120,000;
1922, 5,500,000,
Total���1921,     22,120,000;
1922, total, 25,000,000.
of France to contribute a consignment
of Lorraine stone to be used in the
construction of the memorial chamber
in the Parliament Buildings.
- In accepting the offer, Hon. W. L.
Mackenzie King, Prime Minister,
wrote that the gift, in addition to its
practical usefulness, "will serve as a
perpetual memorial or those Canadians, sleeping in the soil of France,
who gave their lives in defence of
those principles of liberty and justice
upon whose vindication the< future of.
the nations depends
Ottawa.���Following a discussion
the House of Commons passed railway appropriations totalling approximately ninety millions- of dollars. Of
the total thus voted for the Government railway system, $42,800,000 is
foi- the Canadian National; $25,750,000
for the Grand Trunk; and $15,900,000
lor the Grand Trunk Pacific. An
item of $7,000,000 on Canadian Government Railways still remains to be
voted, however, and on this there may;
be more discussion.
During the general debate, Hon. W.
C. Kennedy, Minister of Railways, announced that revised figures gave the
actual deficit for last year on all
Government lines, including , the
G.T.R., as $72,662,27S. For the previous year the deficit was $74,378,315.
The deficit includes fixed charges except on the I.C.R., the N.T.R., between Winnipeg and Monclon, and
on the Hudson's Bay Railway.
Mr. MacLean declared that he had
been an upholder of public ownership
since his gentry into public lite. It
was a reveration to! him to find in the
House 60 or 75 men who were a solid
bloc in favor oi' public ownership.
Service was the underlying principle
of public ownership but private ownership sought profits very often on
watered stock. He explained that
he made this statement with no intention of reflecting on the Canadian
Pacific Railway which was a successful privately owned corporation.
There had been much talk of .-frequent
cutting of' melons in connection with
the "Canadian Pacific Railway. The-!
shareholders not only received their
10 per cent, profit but they*, also received their share of the melons.
Mr. Maclean declared that owing to
certain    voting'   trusts,    the    C.P.R*.
shareholders   could   not   elect   their,
"What control have the people of
Canada over the directors of the
Canadian National?" put in Lucien
Cannon (Liberal, Dorchester). 0\ *
* " We have ' now got, I hope," was
Mr. Maclean's comeback, amid gener- '
'al laughter to the left of the Speaker,
"responsible Government in this coun- '
try."( ' ,    :
Mr. Maclean declared that-a, great   '*
wave of public ownership was sweeping over the world.     The system had "
vindicated   itseir   in   Europe and in
Australia.   Those who would not see
it were blind and did not want to see
the-truth.      If the Canadian'Pacific
could   secure   a   competent��board,of    -
directors there was no reason why.an
equally good board could not be pro- *
cured by the Government to manage
the National"lines.
To Dispose of States
London.���Another    duke - has    announced  his intention    to    sell    his
estate    owing   to increased taxation
and other burdens.
The Duke of Richmond is the latest
recruit to the ranks of the "new
poor." He offers for sale his estates
in Aberdeenshire, including the town
of Huntly and six parishes, comprising 60,000 acres, with -100 farms and
small holdings.
Tokio.���The entire staff of thoChi-
nese-delegaTion here left Tokio with
out notifying the Foreign Office, de
claring that their departure was due
to the failure of Peking to supply
funds for Chinese students here and
the refusal of Japanese banks to make
further advances on the ground of
lack of security.
Dublin.���The peace committee of
the Dail Eireann, which has been frying lo find a basis for unity of the
Irish factions, formally   reported    lo .   _.., ���_. ���. tl
j the Dail a breakdown of the negofia-   for the meeting of the experts com
probable j {)onf._                                                          mission at The Hague.
! . .
Cannot Attend Meeting
London.���The Duke of Devonshire,
former._Governor-General���of- Canada-
has expressed his inability to preside
at a meeting of Members of Parliament favorable to removal of, the embargo against the importation of Canadian store cattle. .- He gives the reason that he will be absent rfom town.
Further Message to U.S. .
Paris.���The Havas correspondent at
Genoa understands that Premier
Lloyd George has sent another message to the United States Government
giving a fuller explanation of the plan_
Japs Want Control
Of Coast Fisheries
Department Asked to Investigate Conditions at Once
Ottawa.-*What was declared to be
a new Japanese method of establishing the fisheries regulations in British
.Columbia, was brought- before ihe
fisheries committee of the House of
Commons by A. W. Neill (Comax-
Alberni). Mr. Neill said the Japanese fishermen had first employed
white men on their boats in order to
secure further licenses and had been
checked in that. They then tried to
evade the Canadian laws by fishing
Hon. T. A. Crerar
Favors Placing Settlers
Along National Railways
Ottawa.���Discussion of railway esti-f their potential value, but
mates in the House brought from
Hon. T. A. Crerar, leader of'the National Progressives, an important declaration of his policy on the national
roads. He advocated the closing
down of part of the trans-continental
lines running across lhe wilderness
between Eastern and "Western Can;
ada.     He urged a revaluation of the
outside of the three-mile limit.      In J entire system on a replacement basis
onler to check this, the white fisher-
-men had requested the department to
employ two unpaid overseers who
would assist the regular overseers.
Mr. Neill said -he had received a telegram alleging to offset this ihe Japanese fishermen had threatened one
of the overseers with bribery charges
unless he withdrew from his work.
The overseer demanded a full investigation and Mr. 2Ceill asked that the
��� department institute this.
C. C. Found, head of the fisheries
branch, declared that the department
would take action at once.
and its unification. He favored and
suggested regional districts. He
took the ground that, in encouraging
immigration, the Government should
take steps to see -that tbe new settlers
were placed along the naational lines.
It   was   too.   Mr. Crerar argued,.a i
W.   N.   U.   1421
would not
escape the liabilities involved," Mr.
Crerar declared.
Mr. Crera*:'SaSpeech came-, at the
close of an afternoon's* discussion on
ihe ljiilway estimates, a discussion
which would be continued.
Earlier, Hon. Walter Mitchell, Liberal -member for St. Antoine and
formerly one of Sir' Lonser Gouin's
lieutenants in the Provincial' Government of Quebec, had defended
private ownership of railways. Mr.
Mitchell went furtber;_ he expressed
opposition to the principle of public
ownership and operation ��� of all public utilities.
"jf Save come to the conclusion on
general. principle,"  Mr.  Mitchell ~ i
sound principle that the fiscal policy  serted, "that ihe public pay. more ��5*V
of the country should be so drafted  der public ownership than they bena-~
as   to   stimulate production from, the'fit from lower charges."
J farm, the forest aaci   the' mine   and
railway traffic would thereby be encouraged.
"If the'National i-ailways are turned over to private ownership at any
price -whicir private ownership would
pay, the country woald forever l&a&
Eight Hon. Arthur Heigben, leader
of the opposition, charged in rejtiy
Ibat Mr. Mitchell had "no case. As
the national lines had not been cos- -
structed as commercial- propositi��&��,
no private company could ssake them
say- ->-'
:-������?*��-$����! *6i
Is $2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always In ad
The Home Circle
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices {25.00
Coal and Oil Notices    7.00
Batray Notices ���......3.oo
Cards of Thanks    i.oo
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I i2^c. a ���line each insertion.
Tbe blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pi eased
to have more money.
Poverty is the self Bharpener of
In a raw deal some one ie snre
to be well done.
A friend that you buy will be
bought from you.
Those who don't lose their tempers gain no face lines.
A kind word costs but little, but it may bless all day
the oue to whom it is spoken, Nay, have not kind words
been spoken to you which haye lived in your heart through
years, and borne fruit of joy and hope? Let us speak
kindly to one another. "We have burdens and -worries, but
let us not, therefore, rasp and irritate those near us, those
whom Christ would have us save. Speak kindly in the
morning; it lightens the cares of the day, and makes the
household and all its affairs move along smoothly. Speak
kindly at night, for it may be before dawn some loved one
may finish his or her space of life for this world, and it
will be too late to ask forgiveness.
You will never have a friend if you must have one without a fault.
A woman without religion is like a flower without perfume.
A Matter of Looks
He   who begins and   does not
finish has lost his labor.
Don't be a fault finder unless
you are a fault mender.
Money is like fire���a good servant but a bad master.
That man is right who is most
closely allied with the future.
A homely young English chap,
having his view obstructed by the
headgear of the girl in front of
him, ventured to protest.
"See here, miss," he said, leaning over, "I want to look as well
as you."
"Oh, do yer?" she replied in a
rich Cockney accent. "Then
you'd beter run 'ome and change
yer fice."
Montreal Nursery Rhymes
Sing a song of sixpence,.
A pocket full of rye,
Four and twenty YankU'es
Feeling very dry.
When the flask was opened,
The Yanks began to sing:���
"We won't go home lb the U.S.A.
God Save the King."       -     -
Abolish fear and yoa can accomplish anything you wish.
Business goes where it is invited
and stays where it ia welcomed. "
Sure it is that the truth most
required is the truth least liked.
Being ignorant is not so much a
shame as being unwilling to learn.
There are bo many -'suckers"
here on earth that there surely
can't be any in hell or heaven.
Never, leave a camp-fire, even
for a short time, without quenching it with water and then covering it with earth.
It was a saying of- a great man
that "if we could trace our dependents we should findjall slaves
to come from princes and all princes to come from slaves."
Agricultural Returns
Farmers throughout Canada are
reminded that next month (June)
the Dominion and Provincial Governments will make their annual
collection of the arena sown to field
, crops and of the numbers of farm
animals alive on the farm. For
ibis purpose, following plana which
have been in annual operation
Bince 1918, a simple cardboard
schedule, with , instructions signed
jointly by the Dominion Statistician and the Deputy Minister or
otter officers of the Provincial Department of. .Agriculture, will be
issued to as many farmers as can
possibly be reached through the
agency of the teachers and children of the rural schools. The returns received, when compiled,
will form the basis for the estima-
. tion by provinces of the areas
sown for 1921 to the principal field
crops aud the number of farm
animals alive on the farm at the
date of. enumeration on or about
the 15th of June. ,    -
The fly, the flea, the mosquito
and the,rat have all been arrested, indicted, proved gsilty of
carrying disease add condemned.
NOTICE is hereby given that I shall Hold a
Court of Revision on Monday, tlie 19tU day of
June, 1932, at tbe Court House, Greenwood, B.C.,
at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, for the purpose of
revising- tlie Voter's JMst of tlie Greenwood
Electoral District, and of "rearing- and determining any and all objections to the retention
of any name or names 011 the register of Voter's
for the said Electoral District.
Dated at Greenwood, B. C, this 10th day of
May, 1922.
Registrar of Voters for the
Greenwood Electoral District
Surveys and Reports
Land, Timber and Mineral Claims
Will be in Greenwood District
in June and July
Room 6, 525 Pender Street, West
���..VANCOUVER,   B.C.
achinery Prices  Have
Ploughs,   Harrows,   Mowers,   Rakes
and Binder,
McCormick,    Deering,   John   Deere,
Champion   or   Oliver   Lines   on
.Wood For Sale
Second Hand Pipe, Rails, Mining Cars
and other Mining Equipment
Reasonable Prices
Afiply to J. YY   Clark. Pacific Hotel
- Corner Abbolt & -Hastings Streets.���
VANCOUVER,   -   -   -   BX.
���S* ���������!��� aJ_*a��> _1�� ������� _&�� _���� �����__ Jb. ���!��� Jm
tP,TT tP V1* Tr "sr Tr f-fr WV
A C LOAT is not a periodic-
*V   &1-   IS is a book con-
F loaf
taining 86 illustrations' all
told, and is filled with
sketches and stories of
western life. It tells how
a gambler cashed in after
the flush days of Sandon ;
how it rained iri New Denver long after Noah was
dead; bow a parson took a
drink at Bear Lake in
early days; how justice
was dealt in Kaslo in 93;
����.- how the saloon . man out*
ju prayed the women in Kalamazoo, and graphically de*
picts the roamings of a
western editor among the
tender-feet in the cent belt.
It contains the early history
of Nelson and a romance
of the Silver King mine.
In it are printed three
western poems, and dozens
of articles too numerous
to mention. Send for one
before it is too late. The
price is- 50 cents, postpaid to any part of the
world. Address all letters to
The Ledge
and all concerned.
The attention of
Timber Licence holders who are
taking advantage of the provisions
of the 1921 Amendment to the
FOREST ACT, wherby arrears of
licence fees accrued prior to 31st
December, 1920 have been funded
and made payable in annual instalments, is specially directed to the
fact- that any renewaPfee which became due in 1921 is not included in
the instalments above mentioned, and
such 1921 and all subsequent renewal
fees must be paid within, one yeat-
after the date of expiry of the licence
in order to maintain the right ofthe
holder to obtain a renewal of the
Licence. ,
-" Nicely iurnished rooms, by the
day, week or month
F. Nilson
Chemist, Box biio8, Nelson, B.7 C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
$1.25 each. GoldfSilver $1.75. Gold-
Silver with'Copper or Lead $3.00. Silver-Lead $2.00. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
Charges for other metals, ��� etc., on application.
Send Your
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way.   Terms Cash.
BROWNS, Midwdy, B.G
Tailored Clothes   -
Men's Suits and Overcoats
A fine range of-samples to select
from.    (Just arrived.)
Now on view at
Tailor and Cleaner
Greenwood ' ,
-   Physician and Surgeon ���
Residence Phone 69
Agent for Dodge,-Chevrolet, Studebaker,
and* Overland cars. Garage in connection.
D. McPHERSON       ;       Proprietor
Send a Float to your frieods at
once. You . can get them at
The Ledge office,
_.���  Pacific
Summer Excursion Fares
To Eastern Points
St. Paul, Minneapolis or Duluth
$ 72.00
s                        ���                        ���
'   86.00
Detroit ,    -.'..-
���                               v                              *
���   105.65
���                               ��                         '      *
���               "              ��                              0
Montreal           ,   -
*    '                          ���                       <       *
Quebec .            .
���                             -���'-'���
St. John   '"   '   .
Halifax,      '-.'..
��                                *                               ���
New York
��                               '            '                 .
,  147.40
*f * i�� ��#�� ���� -f ���l,4* 4- ��!��� ��$* ���!��� ir JI
On Sale, May 25 to 31 Aagusi Return Limit 31 Oct.
Many optional routes, via Great I.akes or through
California at slightly higher fares. Stopover en route
Rates to many other   points.   Details from  any
agent or,write "'."*"
District Passenger Agent,
Tbe Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited./
Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
Purchasers of Gold, Silver,' Copper and Lead Ores
Producers    oi   Gold,    Silver,   Copper,   Bluest one,  Pig  Lead   and-Zinc
" "TADANAC" BRAND      .  ' '
Auto Stage twice daily to .Midway meeting Spokane, Grand
Forks and Kelson train, leaving Greenwood at 8 a.m.
For Oroville, Wehatoheeand Princeton leaves Greenwood, 3 p.m.
Fare $1.50 Each Way.   Hand Eaggage Free.   TrunkrCarried.
Express and Heavy Drayine.        -        Auto's for hire Day or Night
We carry Tires, Oils, Greases. Hay aud Grain
Office Phone J3. - Residence Ptone 3L
When you have something
to sell, put a
For Sale Ad.
In The Ledge
The charge  is reasonable
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Minimum price of first-class land
reduced to $5 an acre; second-class to
$2.50 an acre.
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed lands only.
Records will be granted covering
only land suitable for .agricultural
purposes . and which is non-timber
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for.-'adjacent pre-emptions
with* joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
Pre-emptors must occupy claims
for five years and must make im-.
proveraents to value of $10 per acre,
including clearing and cultivation of
at least S acres, ^before receiving
Crown Grant. "        * __
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years,' and has made pro*
portionate improvements, he-may because of ill-health, or other canse, b��
granted intermediatecertificate of improvement and transfer his claim. ~
Records without permanent residence
may be issued, provided applicant
makes improvement to extent of $300
per annum and records same each
year. Failure to make improvements
or record same will operate as forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained in
less than 5 years, and improvements of
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleai-
ed and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required.
Pre-emptors holding Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption,' if he
requires land.in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory. improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land.
Unsurveyed areas not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesites; title
to be.obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions. -
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas exceeding 640 acres may be
leased by one person or. company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber land not exceeding 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of stumpage. * _
-Natural hay .meadows inaccessible
by existing roads maybe purchased
conditional upon construction of a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made."".  , ' *
The scope'of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces'. ,The time
in which the heirs-or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is extended from one
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion of the present "war. This privilege is'made retroactive,
_N6.fees relating to pre-emptions rire
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded after .June "26, 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
Provisions for return of moneys accrued;-due and been paid Bince Augnst
4,1914, on account of payments, fees or.
taxes on soldiers^ pre-emptions.   "   ,
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted from en-,
listment to March 31st, 1920.
Provision made' for ' insurance of
Crown Grants to .sub-purchasers of
Crown Lauds, acquiring rights from
purchasers who failed to complete pur-
chase,,involving forfeiture, on fulfillment of, conditions of purchase, interest
and -taxes. ���Where-sub-purchasers do-
not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes may -be distributed proportionately over whole
area.' Applications must be made, by
May 1,1920.
Grazing Act, 1919, for systematic development of livestock industry provides for grazing-districts and range
administration under Commissioner.
Annual.-grazing permits issued based
on numbers ranged; priority for estab-.
lished owners. Stock owners may form
Associations for range management.
Free, orCpartially" free, permits - for
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten
head.   *
        * *
nelson, B.C
_       The Mineral Province of Western Canada
Has prodnced Minerals valaed as follows:   Placey Gold, $76,177,403; Lode
-   Gold, $105,557,977; Silver, $55,259,485; Lead $48,330,575; Copper, .8166,393,488;
Zinc, $21,884,531; Coal and Coke, $225,409,505; Building Stone, Brick, Cement,
$34,072,016;     Miscellaneous    Minerals,    $1,210,639;"   making    its    Mineral
*   Production to the end of 1921 show -
An Aggregate Value of $734,259,619
for tlie Year Ending December, 1921, $28,066,641
The  Mining  Laws of this Province are more liberal, and th�� fees lower,
than those of any other Province in the Dominion, or any Colony in the British  -
Empire. v - __
Mineral locations are granted to discoverers for nominal fees.
Absolute Titles are obtained by developing each properties, the security
of which is guaranteed by Crown Grants.
Foil information, together with'Mining Beportsand Maps, may be obtained
gratis by addressing���
VICT0MA, BnHsH Colombia.
t B
^ w��t^w^; j>H^_i^j^gjjs��erg^


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