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The Ledge Jun 21, 1923

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Array Provincial library
O /
Vol.   XXIX.
'".���GREENWOOD, B, C, THURSDAY, JUNE 23,  1923.
No. 48
Just received a large shipment of ;
xrVVyVx) McGary's
'0    X[    Eriamel, ..iTiii and,;Galvanized Ware, _    V||
X'X ' .    ' XXXy   Consisting of y'X.yyyyy.[ --y~y-.;-������ *"     ifi
ijESouWe Boilers 3 siifsi Steamers 4 sizes, Stew Pots, Kettles, Mtfk
^trainers, -Colland^;|Pails. Wash, Basins, Dish. Pans,'.'Wash Tiifcs.;
Vf 7iMrMti Boilers, Sprinkling Cans, Etc.   ...,. W
_   - - ���   .-   '������ .y\-    -X- ���-        ���    -     - ,*���*���-_+.-������'��� ���.���-.-���''
���'  We carry Earthlnware Crocks suitable for preserving eggs in
Mens Hats
ammmmmm mwn^mmmmmmfwmmnimmmn
Just Arrived
Finest  Eastern Townships
. Guaranteed Pure
Maple Syrup
2 l-2 1b./nh3 95c.     7,51b. Jins $1.80   y,y
V-- -������7.;.rav'Wapie^Sugar--ri-''--i-'i,^r*- ?-���-.���
���:   .- -r".        -Per/lb. 35c-
Phone 46 g
<ftuuuuummi imuumuuuuuuuuttttmmmmttui umik
Fresh Chocolates.
Complete Assortment of
Just in
Everything in Box and Bulk Goods
Nice Assortment of Presents for School Closing
Samples for Suits
and Styles
W. Elson & Co
Real Estate.
.Fire,  Life .Insurance  .
,    Licensed by B..C. Government
' Accident & Sickness Insurance
Auction off your surplus Stock.
'Call at'niy Office'^iicl' see rue in
reference to any'of above
Marmalade Season is Here
Try Our
Orange and Pineapple Marmalades
and Bramble Jelly
Palace Livery Stable
Express and Heavy Draying
Auto's and Truck For Hire, Day or Night
We carry
TiresrOils, Greases, Hay and Grain
Office Phone 13. Residence Phone 3l
. . _ H
.   j        We tarry only the best stock procurable in
Beef; Veal, Pork,   Ham,' Bacon; Lard, Etc.
A trial will convince you
Proprietor ��
Your telephone is of greater value as each month goes by. With the
steady increase in the number of new telephones yon ate constantly able to
talk with a large number of people. This applies to different parts ofthe
province. . -
It means to the business man that he is in close touch with more people.
As every telephone is a long distaace telephone, anyone on the Lower
Mainland or Vancouver Island may be reached at a moaient's notice. The
coaversation is direct, the reply Instant.
Don't overlook the cheaper Slight rates. Between 7 p. m. and 8a. m.,
you can get three times the day period at the same price.
You are cordially invited to inspect
our Spring Millinery, which includes the newest ideas in Ladies'
Hats, Novelties, etc. >
Mrs. Ellen Trounson
Next door to Elson's Store
Presbyterian Church
Minister iu charge
Rev. W., R, Walkinshaw, B. A.
_.   -., -,  ���    ���    . '   ���.���"",. Green-wood
Services Sunday, June 24th
Bridesville, 11 a. m.
Midway. 3.P.m.
Greenwood, 7;3Q'p.m.
Agent for Dodge,- Chevrolet, Studebaker
and Overland cars. Garage in connection.
D. McPHERSON        -       Proprietor
"Send Your
To '   W
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The.20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way. - Terms Cash.
Dr. O. M. Graves, Dentist, will
be in,-Ferry, Wash., the first S
days of every month.
Auto   jack. .  Owner- can   Lave
same by calling at The Ledge office.
Rock Creek Hotel
When hungry if you will drop
Into the Rock Creek Hotel you will
find set before you, without any
long wait, a tempting array of
delectable thiugs to eat. that so
thoroughly.satisfies tho inner man.
-You will also find .a full line of
cigars and tobacco and everything
in the line of soft drinks. T. E.
Hanson, the new manager, eaters
to the best trade and conducts his
business in a manner that insures
it. He specializes ' in Sunday
chicken dinners.
V'Tqday, Juni.21.st is the longest
day.Ttftll^.'^eif.!'"^-'"' " "7 ["X'X. '.;.;���<���
7Mrs, Joe Carqti; aud sou Harold
are on a motor trip to the coast.
Mrs, Sid Storer, of Princeton,
is the guest of Mr. and Mrs. J. H.
Wm. Wynn, of Rock Creek,
transacted��business in Greenwood
on Wednesday.
Service vail be held iu St.
Jude's church at 7.30 p.m. next
Sunday June 24th.
Born���Iu Greenwood on Thursday, June 14 to Mr. arid Mrs.
Gus Graser, a son.
- Last week Chas. Graser cut his
hand with" au axe. Dr. Wood
had to.put in twelve stitches.
. W. C. Wilson has been appointed liquor inspector and started
his new duties.on Wednesday. .
' Miss Hilda Smith ��� returned 'to
Grand Forks ,on Wednesday after
spending a few weeks in town.
Cash paid for hides at Brown's
Miss D.-Granberg, left Saturday morning by auto on a visit to
Spokane,   Vancouver and other
A number of Greenwood people attended the funeral of the
Memorial for Boundary's
Fallen Heroes
The Ledge can supply your
every need iu the printing line
aad at prices consistent with
first-class work.
It is proposed to, bring up at the
next Farmers meeting of the TJ. F.
B.C. of Greenwood district, the
question of putting up at Midway
or Kettle Valley, a suitable memorial to those who died for us in the
Great War. It should have been
done a long time ago.
Boy Scouts
Troop meets on Friday at
7:30 p.m. in the Fire-Hall.
The Cubs will meet on Saturday -at 2 30 p. m. iu the Fire
C. E. Bartholomew left for
Spokane via Rossland on Sunday.
His object is to form a company
to develop the Spotted. Horse
mine. This mine looks good and
it is hoped that Mr. Bartholomew
will be successful. He has an
agreement with J. H. Duhamel
when the .company is formed.
The Salvation Army has sent
but'80 boys from'England 25 of
whom are distributed on farms in
B.C. Three of these boys are
placed on farms in this district.
Ernest Mulcaster is on the Roylance ranch, Jack Wallace is with
E. F. Keir & Sou and another
with A. D^ McLennan at Rock
O.   F.   Hodgson,   an-ex-navy
late James Clarey at Grand Forks man, now ranching near Victoria,
on Sunday.
At the Court of Revision held
on Monday at theCourt House,
114 names were removed from
voters' list and 86 added.
. High School exams will be
held next week. A number of
entrauce pupils from.the district
will write their exams here.     - l
"James Kerr left for New Westminster on Wednesday morning,
to attend the Grand Lodge Convention of the A. F. & A. M.
John Thorslund came iu from
his ranch near Nelson on Thursday last. He intends to move his
family to the ranch next week,
Miss Grace Barron, of San
Francisco, ' formerly of Grand
Forks, came over ou Monday aud
stayed overnight with MrT and
Mrs. G. S. Walters.
J. C. Cruse, of Boundary Falls,
left for Nelson last week and will
be relieving .C.P.R.. agent .at
Slocan, Lardo and other points
during the summer., _ X ._ .   -_
Mrs. W. Nelson, and her son,
Harry, returned to their home
at Loon Lake, Wash., oit- Saturday after visiting friends In
Geeenwood for a few days.
Mr. aud Mrs. W. L. Touey,
of Haines, Ore., arrived in town
on Friday and are the guests of
Mrs. J. H. Goodeve. Mrs. Toney
is a sister of Mrs. Goodeve.
Ales Berry, of - Kimberley,
formerly of the Mother Lode,
spent a couple of days in town
this week and while here was the
guest of Mr. "aud Mrs. G. S.
Fishing at Rock Creek is good,
the roads fine, the scenery grand,
and the ozone healthy. Thos.
Hanson of the Rock Creek Hotel
invite's the public to try his
famous chicken dinner.
��� Hon. John Oliver motored over
from Grand Forks on Saturday
and after
was in town for a couple of days
last week speaking to old timers
who knew his brothers who resided here iu the late 90's. One of
the brothers was with the firm of
Hodgson & Barrett and the other
brother was Ronald Hodgson who
died in 1901. '
-, -Hon. -WV: J. Bowser, leader of
the opposition, J. W. Jones, M.P.
P., of Kelowna, and Mr. Morrison, of Kelowna, were in -Greenwood ou Wednesday night and
Thursday morning. While here
they conferred with a few of the
leading Conservatives. Mr. Bowser will address a public meeting
in Grand Forks this evening.
The streets had an animated
appearance on Friday and Saturday nights. The special picture
show with Bush's splendid four
piece orchestra were the attractions and large.' crowds from
every part of the district were
noticed. People are beginning
to feel a little more optimistic.
Green wood 7 hangs _ out _ the_ welcome sign on Saturday nights.
'Dr. A. K. Connolly, having
acquired by purchase," the practice rights of Dr. B. H. O. Harry
announces to the public that in
taking over the practice he has
taken in association with himself
Dr. J. M. Burnett, who is at present on the staff of Tranquille
Sanitarium. The joint practice
will be carried on from offices at
present occupied by Dr. Connolly.
���Salmon Arm Observer.
The Queen of Sheba drew two
crowded houses last Friday and
Saturday and particularly of Friday night when every seat was
occupied and many had to stand.
Bush's four pieceorchestra rendered excellent music during the
show as well as for the dance on
Friday night. A large number
stayed for the dance and it was
thoroughly enjoyed. Bush's four
piece orchestra is one of the best
Regulations for Motorists
In order to provide greater safety
for pedestrians and motorists in
B.C., Attorney-General Manson
has approved a regulation under
the Motor 7'Vehicle Act, which
standardizes.signals to be given by
motorists in  driving antomobiles.
When intending to turn to the
left, the driver's left hand and arm
must be extended horizontally from
and beyond" the left side of the
vehicle. The intention to turn
to the right shall be indicated
by extending the left hand from
the left side of the vehicle with the
hand and arm pointing upwards.
When the driver intends to stop
his machine or slow down quickly
he must extend the hand and arm
pointing downward.
It is also provided that when
signals are given by a mechanical
device, the device shall have been
approved by the lieutenant-govern-
The regulation also requires the
motorist before turning, stopping
br ��� changing' his course, or before
turning such vehicle y?hen starting
the .same, to ascertain whether
there is sufficient -space for ��� such
movement, without endangering
pedestrians or unreasonably affecting other vehicles.
The regulation, which goes into
effect immediately, was prepared
after consultation with provincial
automobile clubs and after information had been obtained from
associations all over the continent.
This "system of signalling is (, practically uniform all over America.
luncheon was   driven ever heard in this district aud thfiy
Old newspapers for sale at
The Ledge office. Get some before they are all gone.
Have you paid your  subscription to The Ledge?
through the Kettle Valley, He'
also looked over the Midway fiats.
In the evening'Jas. Kerr motored
him to Penticton.     "        ,
A meeting of residents of Kerr
Creek was held at the home of
Chas. Graser, Tuesday aud it was
decided to erect .a school house.
Nest Tuesday June 26th another
meeting will be held to elect
trustees etc.
Early Sunday on the Midway
road Chas. Carlson had quite aa
auto smash up. The axle broke
turning the car completely over.
All the occupants were thrown
out of the car but sot one of them
received even a scratch,
received many congratulations
Refreshments were served and
the dance continued until 3
a.m. Geo. Gray is to be congratulated in giving such an up-to-
date performance. On Saturday
night Bush's orchestra again
played for the show and a dance
afterwards and in spite of people
being tired from the dance of the
previous night many went to the
There is always a loud noise at
Rock Creek on Sundays. Tis the
many people eating chicken dinner at the Rock Creek Hotel.
This great tourists resort specializes in Sunday chicken dinners.
Ingram Bridge Celebration
July 2nd, 1923
The United Farmers' are getting
everything in readiness. for a .big
day at Ingram Bridge on July 2nd.
When you come to.,, Ingram
Bridge you will inhale a rich western atmosphere of true hospitality
'such as no other place can supply
or surpass.
Sports aplenty ���all kinds. The
fine Kettle river, big fish in little
streams, mountain scenery galore
and a truly U. F, welcome.
-The U. F. has "a reputation for
giving a grand celebration and this
year will surpass all previous
They do eay that the Boundary's
fairest daughters will be there.
Big Dance in the Co-Operative
Hall, Rock, Creek, with Bush's
orchestra in[attendance.. The.best
orchestra that has ever been in the
"Johnny," aaid his mother, "I
must insist that you stop shooting
craps���those poor little things have
just as much right to live as you
For Sale
A number of spring pigs,  will
be 7 weeks old on June 25.
J. Roylance. *
Kettle Valley Notes
John Haynes left for Kelowna*
last week.
Tp). P. Rock is staying with H.
Arthur Rusch is building a
house at.Rock Creek.
Grand Forks beat Kettle Valley
at Cricket last  Saturday  by 100.
Mr. and, Mrs. Beavan Gane and
family are capping in the Valley.
T. N. Walker was the first to
start hay making in the Valley.
Service will be held in the
Anglicau Church 'on ��� Sunday,
June 24th at 11 a.m.
B. P. Hardcastle is down from
his ranch at Hillbrooke Park and
is the guest of H. Paley Wilson
of Skeeta Ridge.
Miss P. Roberts has arrived
from the coast and is -spending a
holiday with - Mr. and Mrs.-A|
H. Douglas Hamilton'has practically recovered from his recent
illness. His many friends are
pleased to see him around again.
Dr. W. H. Wood, of GreenT
wood, inspected the School ou
Tuesday. He was accompanied
by A. N. Mowat, who also visited the School.
Kettle Valley Cricket Club.
The members of the above club
desire to convey to the very
charming ladies of Kettle Valley
their heartfelt thanks for their
kindness in providing' lunch aud
tea at the Kettle Valley match
on Saturday, June 16th.
,. The- Junior W. A-- held.their
last'meeting of the season at the
home of Mrs. Chas. Weed, of
Ingram . Mountain. The girls
thoroughly enjoyed their outing,
Miss Reta Weed drove down as
far as the Valley to take the girls
up.t Ice cream was served.among
other freshments and was much
Oa Sunday, June 17th, Mrs.
Walter Glossop gave a Badminton Tournament to which a number of friends were invited.
Twelve couples were drawn by
lot competed and there were some
very exciting and close games.
The winners Mrs. E.P. Rock and
H. Paley Wilson richly deserved
to Badminton���Raquetsr" "They
won as first prize. ' Miss Stirling
and E. P. Rock each won a large
box of chocolates as second prize.
A heavy rain threatened to spoil
the afternoon but it stopped in
time to allow' all games to be
played off, aad the coolness and
lack of wind made ideal.conditions for play. Tea was served
before the play and supper at the
close, began and ended a most enjoyable and successful tournament.
Coming Straight at You!
Strongheart, *��� Wonder-dog!
Half wolf, half dog-with steel-trap jaws ani fire eyes���
a Killer when the wolf call echoes in his ears���a beast of
unmeasured devotion when his animal heart, charged
with an inborn hate of men. knows tbe first touch of
human kindness bestowed by & girl.
presents the greatest dog in the world in
"The Silent CalB
The story of a mighty ios that euarded a girl and ��uided;7iifeif VW
to love in the hills of thrills *   W7.W7V
7   Reels of Real Drama   7
Also 1  reel Christie Comedy "Marrying Moljf ?i|Ki
1 reel Chester Outing "Some Speed to SurM^Sy
Making 9 Reels to be shown at the      VyxiVx.
Commencing at 8:15 p.m. No change fcsV|>rf��^fi
%- -
Always   keep
in flie  House
Bovril  prevents  that  Sinking  Feeling.
Flying For All
Predicted that Flying Will be Universal Practice in Near Future
The day when flying will be as commonplace as bicycling is brought notably nearer by M. Band's successful use of a seven-horsepower engine.
He has shown that it is possible to
move about comfortably in the air at
the rate of an express train and at a
cost of five miles a penny. This result has come to be forcing back of
flying ,to its essentials in the last few
years. The mode which depended on
employing a vigorous force to keep
one aloft was experimentally abandoned in the motorless gliding contests have taught man to know the air
as he knows the land- and the water.
They have made him free without engine assistance, of a new element. M.
Bartot Is a highly successful glider.
He knows, that is to say, how to take
advantage with his wings of every air
that blows. He has learned to depend for his use of a new element, not
mainly on a force that drives him
through it, but on his own relation to
It. He has shown that anyone who
has his balance in the air can, by virtue of it, move in a given direction
with very inexpensive assistance. Till
now the "baby" air-engine has been
of some 35-horsepower. A seven-
horsepower engine will obviously cost
less, initially and in its working. If
Its production were standardized it
would be within the means certainly
of anyone who can afford a motorcycle. To its effective use must go a
definite course in flying, just as effective personal progress through water
demands an ability to swim. But
even on a bicycle balance has to be
learned Initially, and gliding will present little more difficulty to the youth
of the future than does cycling now.
When motorless flight is mastered the
expense and the horsepower of motive
force can, it is clear, be reached to a
minimum that will make a flight a
usual means of transport for all. It
Is conceivable that beyond that is the
day when none but the physically defective will need in flying the help of
even the smallest engine.���Manchester
Guardian. .... .,  . ���
Kindergartens Not
Good For Children
Makes Them Near-Sighted and Increases Risk of Blindness
The kindergarten system is entirely
wrong. The eyes of children are extremely delicate and to subject them
to strains when so young means nearsightedness and usually almost complete blindness thrqugh myopia between the ages of 50 and 60.
Dr. James Moores Bell, of St. Louis,
specialist, and whose opthalmological
collection is one of the best in the
world, is the authority for the above
statement. The doctor has recently
visited Europe, where he went to confer with the leading eye specialists.
"It takes time for the eyes to grow
strong and to impose undue strain
upon the child in these formative
years ls a grave mistake," he added.
American schools have a lot of false
ideas of what is knowledge. It is far
better that children have strong eyes
and-learn to play of their own accord,
than to standardize them with kindergarten formulas, added the doctor.
The idea of illumination where a
lamp is shaded asd the rest of the
room is left in semi-darkness is most
Injurious to the vision. The whole
room should be illuminated, he ventured.
The enforced system of education in
Germany is responsible for thousands
of near-sighted children in that country, he hastened to remark, and we
are fast coming' to it in the effort to
make our children precious rather
than natural.
Motion pictures are not bad for the
eyes, but bad ink and bad printing and
the use of letters with sharp angles
are decidedly; bad for the vision, he
Rivers Choked. By  Flowers
' .<-'.-'"-- '* "" 'j*V
��� Harmless'.  Looking .-Water    Hyacinth
"���'. Has. Caused .Much-Trouble,-
��� ".In sonic, of" trie' world's -greatest riv-
"ers a;batt'l.e-lias,been raging.for years
between, man- and a: flower."   .'The
-; water hyacinth.; seems"   a . Tharmless,
rather attractive" plant when .one sees
..it 'growing iii. small clumps;  but' the
' harmless, loo.king" flower ...can choke a
river so effectively .that ho'ship-can
���make her way over its.,waters.     The
plants V float-.--on. the '���surface "of the
water,- and their-hanging roots interlace'so~ tightly that a* hyacinth bed is
welded firmly into one- solid mass:   '-  "
Millions of pounds have been spent
oh cutting up and removing the hya--'
7 cinth bar'rieri-but,,cu"ttingV'is.of little
-use,��� since-it cannot get rid;of"all'-'the
- seeds;-and.if only a few pf these'are
V left tlie.trouble is soon. as.bad as ever.
Cutting was abandoned some'time, ago
in ."-favor, .of-.'arsenic spraying,, but it
was found .that.this process contamin-.
- -use high pressure steam, for the des-
'. truclion of the flower pests.   The heat
- of-the "steam destroys plants and. seeds
alike. . If. >in future,-any";river, boat
-finds herself, caught in a. Sargasso-Sea"
. of-hyacinths, her; S.-O'.S. will bririg-.the
. .steam-blower,- which, is "able.byjmeans
...of pipes running from .her. boilers 7 to
..nozzles .in the-bows.'to.'blasthei;;,wa'y
- through^ .the ��� matted - flowers.���From
the Yorkshire Post;...-'   ., -"-," V777
African Sacrifice To
��� Appease Rain Goddess
Chief   of   Tribe   Burns   Son   to   Bring
Human sacrifice still is practiced in
some parts of the old world, it was
shown when six members of a Southern Rhodesia tribe were sentenced to
death for burning alive a young man
named, Manduza' "to appease, "the
rain goddess."-' " - . ��� - '���; X. , "'
^���'Rhodesia .had-, suffered, a'-severe
drought, and'the ^natives' ascribed it
to ..the7 wrath' of Vthe goddess, who
.they- believed,Vliad. been violated. Inquiries led .-the tribal chief to believe that his son-was_guilty .of hav-'
ing.;'assaulted "the - goddess, .and lie
���thereupon ordered his " incineration..
The rain'goddess, a young and hs'indr
"some',.girl;, declined to'testify. against
him.'- 7 .- ' '���'"-" .'.V'--���'���������-V ".��� ���.-. ' : .'/.-"���. '.
��� -"Defense-/,, .counsel-; commented' on
the/high;motives; which/led the .chief
to.Sacrifice his son'forVraih-and'referred to "parallel _-. eas:es7iri7 Hebraic
and.Semitic history."   ' ;..���-      ' .;, - ���
- : Rain - soon -fell after Mariduza.' was
burned alive. V-.' "���      '��� .-7   '',  -'"��� '.
Old  Curiosity  Shop  Passes
Another   Link   With   Dickens   Disappears From View
The passing of Viewegs Old Curiosity Shop in Westminster Bridge
Road is a sad occasion, remarks The
London Evening News.
Though it was jostled out of its original home (where in 1910 it boasted
establishment of over 100 years) by
the preparations for the building of
the new county hall, it was immediately re-established by its proprietors
a few doors lower down.
The late George Gus Vieweg preserved the quaint old system in the
new home, and wanderers returned
were happy to find the Old Curiosity
Shop just as it was years ago.
Thus it had the most crowded shop
window in all London; curiosities
were suspended down its panes on
strings like onions, and the majority
were descriptively ticketed so that
you could even have ten minutes of
education at that window.
You walked into the shop under a
low-hanging cloud of bags and straps
and golf clubs, and within the ceiling
was thickly hung and entirely hidden by an amazing mixture of. musical instruments, knob-kerries, barometers, handcuffs, telescopes, walking sticks, native spears and shields
and Arab guns with carved stocks.
This Mr. Vieweg died a month or
two ago and his stock is now preparing for the auctioneers.
No reasonable Dickensian will wish
to dispute the claim of that charming
old building in a corner of Lincoln's
Innfields to be the original Old Curiosity Shop.
There is nothing in the book to
prove it���but what of that? The
definite link between Dickens and the
Westminster Bridge Road shop iii, the
fact that the novelist was a customer
of the late Mr. Vieweg's father. One
can go furthe'r, perhaps, and point to
the fact that the Viewegs have always
specialized in mir.iatures and medals.
Now recall Maf.ter Humphreys second visit to Little Nell and her grandfather. After Nell's brother and Dick
Swiveller and Quilp had gone:
"I willingly yielded to his persuasions, and sat down, pretending to examine some curious miniatures and
a few old medals which he placed
before me."
However, all is surmise, and what
matters as much as anything is that
thousands of people are going to miss
this Old Curiosity Shop who regard it
with something like affection.
Old Mr. Vieweg coufd tell immediately if he had what a customer
wanted, and could put his hand on it
in all that mad miscellany.
He literally lived in his business,
for'he never, returned "frorii' a holiday wiTTTouta bagful ..of .treasures. '
'-'.- They."say he.had at one." time smd
another a'.go.ld-.violin,, Napoleon's.own
Legion of Honor.badge.-'/his.", lozenge
;box and gold star, -mariy-of the Roman
bronzes, -that-- haye,,.been['taken'.froni'
-the Tha hies, ���, and, an 'ivory V model. ��� of'
Nelson's Victory, made" 'by' French-
. prisoners- at'���Portsmouth.'1 .-.   -'-"-.
; When, "cataloguing ' the.'-,..-books���
among some .of wliich Dickens, Gladstone and Beaconsfield. probably
browsed���'they .found a circular maehe
snuff box with d. slip of paper -inside!
On this Mr.Vvieweg- had .written: ; - -
/"This box," was forhierly the/property"
o|7 Charles. Dickens. and- was sold at.
.the sale'.at.'Gad's ;IIi!l", 7 near Cj rave's -
end.;'-.. - ' ."'-' " ""���'-;��� 7 " ',".'������..:''"���'���.--   - '���
|The natural fopdj
for babies when
mother's milk
,fails is
Teaching Animals to Perform
���-     t
Horses Are Cleverer Than Dogs, Says
One Who Knows
A dog can be taught all sorts of
tricks. It is an imitative animal,
and the sillier the trick the more it
seems to enjoy them. But a horse
has dignity. It can generally only be
taught feals in which some brainwork
is needed. A horse is, indeed, wiser
than most people imagine.- The reason why it is so often thought stupid
is because it has had the wisdom to
conceal its real knowledge from man,
writes Hon. Gilbert Coleridge in
"Pan's People." Mules, bullocks and
such animals will blunder into anyone who gets in their way, or will step
on any unfortunate lying in their path.
But a" horse will sum up the situation
in its mind and take the best possible
course to prevent an accident. Dignity is the mark of the horse. If you
jeer and laugh at a horse in a loose
box, it will become irritable almost at
once, and will eventually kick out in
all directions. Horses love freedom,
and will often exercise much forethought and skill in endeavoring to
open the gate of a field in order to
secure greater liberty.
Questions and Answers
For the Outdoors Man
Protection of Trees of Vital Importance to Every Canadian
Q.���Is there any company in Canada
planting a tree for every one they cut
A.���No, for the reason that no conceivable amount of tree planting can
keep pace with the destruction of
trees caused by campers and smokers.
One unextinguished camp fire may
easily destroy, in a day, more young
trees than a corporation or government could plant in a month. Until
the forest Are menace is conquered
Canada will not see wholesale reforestation by the . planting process.
The risk is too great. ";
Q.���How many aeroplanes are being
used in Canada this season?
A.���About twenty-five, most of them
for forest survey, aerial photography,
and scouting for fires.
Q.���What areothe common causes
of forest fires?
|A.���Unextinguished camp and cooking fires, lighted - cigarettes and
matches. The woods are destroyed
usually by the people who need them
most, the fisherman, the camper, and
other pleasure seekers.
Natural Resources Bulletin
of    Arsenic    Advances
Increased   Demand
The' Natural Resources Intelligence
Service of the Department of the Interior at Ottawa says:
Due to the grasshopper pest in the
prairie provinces during the past few
years there has been a demand for
considerable, quantities of white arsenic i'or use in. preparing a suitable
The total output of arsenic, both
white and in ore, in Canada last year
was 2,57(i tons, valued at'$321.,037. ��� Of
this-'quantity-2,059. tons-of white arsenic was produced in - Ontario from
the smelting of the silyer-cobalt-nlcke!
ores bf the Cobalt district! -"' The.Hed-
ley-'Goid .Mining��� CompanyVof'"British
Latest   Photographic   Experiment
California Man Claims to Have Obtained Photographs of Thoughts c
Vincent Jones, Vice-President of the
California Psychical Research Society,
announced that he had been successful in obtaining actual photographs of
his thoughts. He exhibited what he
said was a thought photograph of a
cross, secured by using an ordinary
photographic plate, which was wrapped in an opaque black paper, sealed
in an envelope and suspended twelve
inches before the eyes of the experimenter, who then concentrated on a
cross for.ten minutes.
Mr. Jones stated that another way
of obtaining thought pictures was for
a person to hold strips of film
against their foreheads for about fifteen minutes while they concentrated
on the thing they wanted to photograph.
Horses   From  King  George^
High Bred Horses, Sheep and Cattle
For Prince of Wales Ranch '
Prof. W. L. Carlyle, manager of the
Prince of Wales ranch at HigB River,
has recently returned from a trip to
the Old Country, and has brought-with
him some high bred horses, cattle and
sheep with which to stock tlie Prince's
ranch. Included in, the first shipment; is Will Somers, of the stables of
King George, one of tlie best known
race horses and most consistent winners on British-race tracks, of recent
years."-    Prof. Carlyle speaks encour
agingly.of the-British market for Can-
Columbia reported" some-500, tons'of jadianstocker cattle, and advises Can-
Eievators At Head Of Lakes
Total   Capacity  at   Port  Arthur  and
Fort William Will Reach Sixty-
Five Million Bushels this
.The total elevator capacity of Port
Arthur and Fort William will reach
65,000,000 bushels by September, this
year, according to the chief statistician of the Port Arthur Chamber of
Commerce. In 1900 the .total'storage
capacity of the two ports wTas only
5,700,000 bushels, of which Port Arthur controlled only five per cent. By
the close of 1924 tfie elevator capacity
is expected to reach seventy millions.
arsenic'as having been recovered from': adian   breeders  and  ranchers  to  pay
iirsehicai'goid . concentrates 'shipped, to j; more, attention   10   what   the-'British
tiie Tacorn'a smelter..'. ,' '"��� ..' - :.-���'>
VThe price' of arsenic-has"'rapidly .advanced, .due :.tp -the .lieavy ."demand, -a
great";portion" of .which;'is due -.to. the
campaign to overcome- the destruction
by "the boil weevil in the cotton:'crops"
of the southern;states.- ".''-,""
Recommends LydiavE. Pinkham's Vegetable: Compound
to Other Mothersx,.'"'X
UniqueVWedding Gift 7
Hide of Largest Wainwright Buffalo
Presented to Duke.-
During" his r.eceritV visit to England,
Major ,P...K. Hodgson, Private .Secre-
taryi_to.._H_is"_Excellency .Uie. Governor.-'.
General,, presented .to Their Royal
Highnesses :the- Duke .and-Duchess 6t-
'York, tlie wedding gift of--Lord and'
Lady Byng of..yimy. V.The.'wedding
presentjwas a handsome rug", made of
the hide of the-largest buffalo killed al
Wainwright:; -Park., last'7year. - '.The
presentation was made at Buckingham
Palace and' Tlieii- Royal Highnesses
expressed their pleasure' at/receiving
such, -a -characteristically'��� Canadian
gift: ������.'/--TheiKExcellencies^were assisted i a. t lie" hiatter by the, - G overnment,''
which was. very pleased; to take'a.step
which "might" help to resi.orV.the trade
in. buffalo hides,'   V";""V      ..'���' -'���'    -.-V
A  Rare   Marine   Monster _
market1 "requirements call-for:    ��� .   .-'
... -   Kitchen .Range As_ Incubator-
,. -Something ;. now - in - electric'; range"
use's  wits  discovered  by"a  Stratford
lady, whp had 33..eggs under a clucker.
When" the- chicks- began''picking-iiie'
j shell 'she conceived- the idea of'taking
j'th em away "from the hen and-'placing
! Ihem  in the warming. department of
���ilie^electVic. range.-'    Slic fixed iip'a-hat
,-    ' '��� 'Wo V  .- _. WW     -   - ; iiox,'.. lined, -with   flannel,, and' placed
Will  Mount 12-inch Gun.and Surpass i,.-       ���      ,-   ,, .      ���.     ��� ^
..  ,  . _   ' ���-.,-: '   .    ,,-     _..-    ���'-.    -.the whole thing-in .the compartment.,-
:    Everything-in .Her-Class    .-���-  I'        .--*,, '-. -7-"'"      , ,7 ,- -.---���
--.".    - ��� -. --      ������ .- - -   :     keeping ihe temperature, at 90 degrees.
.-Great Brilainwjll. have- the -largest j ;rhc ctralpyete setdng-0J 13 chlcks-j'iv.;
and -most" powerful  submarine', in-the.
Mystery Submarine
Hideous ;.Fish   ,With 'Almost  'Human.
''���'  ..Head .Captured Near -Brazil.*'.
.The famed ,"pld-Man, of-the 'Sea,'.'-
or.--someUiing-extremely.-like .himf-lias
been- discovered.', ['��� A ..liidepus marine
mon'ster/fish, but,-with almost-a human
head, has .been- captured.by the crew
world'when;the mystery ship/Submai;-,
i.ne XL,.is.completed. "7 . - -' ."V 7. 7
,, This giant' underwater craft which
will".'soon., be..launched_,_a.t_,Chatham,
will displace 2,700 tons, and. 3,600'tons
when submerged. '.'This displacement
is,greater by'more 'thanv\a- thousand
.ed  through  the-experience.
--. Secures. Mastery'of;'.Dardan'elies ,
;Engla;nd7 .has now .secured, the.mastery- .of= tlie-Dardanelles by:a-series'-oi'
hew ..fprtificatioh's. says-the Cons'tan-.
tinople correspondent of..- the- .Paris
Echo. National.--    "The.- English 'will
of "the" barque; D.u'que.jrX'ost"aVoff the'!tdns ��?.������"U^1 ;of any,,foreign;subiiar>|-8p0n-j. have' Vonipleted' the enormous
Brazilian coast."-'-The creature's head
has", a well- definednose, ears.andgap.-.
ing niouth,; its-general appearance, be-.
ing .that of an old' man!.- One spike
projects' from the ��� monster's iorehead.j
, It -is" probable:'that early.mariners,
who -told'-.wiid .'tales of, having seen
mermaids, .mermen and-demons when
in tropic seas, had -in '.reality, seen.
sonie >such rare".creature Vof. the ocean
depths. "'���-, -'";". -7.".   'V   ";.'." /--."-;���..���
taking, the ...Vegetable', Compound riiy . ,... v
weakness has left me-arid the pain,in 1 -VJi-'e '��
Vmv back .hais gone- -I tell all my friends j only a few, is also-announced.
who are troubled with female weakness : matic couplings for
7 Faster Travel In England    ;
Express Trains Speeded Up to Eighty
'77... '';-.- Miles an HoiTir '���'������__ y
.        - ,        -...-.       J"'-.Eighty:inIj_e;aii-hour-   expresses 7will
7 Hemford; N.; S.��� "1 am the7mothcrj-beihe outstanding feature of a "Ven'-
, of four children and I'was so weak after., g ';" ''��tVoediiij'' hn of- iho 'n'rlii.-'ii  Y-in-
- my last- baby came thatl could-not-'do"i   lal. *��?-a-1.n? V ot -P*. UiHibli^ial!
" my work and suffered for months until:} wa>. services lor.this" summer,- w;it.h -a
a, friend-induced "me-to try -Lydia E.   view- to- regaining pre-war -edicioncv.
.Pinkham's Vegetable Corapouiid, Since"',. The extension ofthe Pullman car, s.er-
all railway lines, .instead  of
,    T    ,..   ���  _,. ,,,      .. ,.    .,_..   ,  couplings for,-express- trains-
; to take Lydia E. Pinkhams \egetable 1 ���,���,.���.���_���,,  ,����,����._k'i_V ���--'.��_--' -_.:_ '*-��� ,��.���
Compound, for, r, think it is the best ;.���<����neni? resemble, a. flexible tube.)
���inedfeine ever" sold.--You may advertise ; Aot. a-drop, was; spilled- from fuliriea-
iayletter;-''-^Mrs.-.GEORGB;I.,CROU^,7..cUps;on'a:fl'obr-o.f a-train,which travel-
Hemford.'N. S.    ,  ." r'V'.  .-���'���'   ;'ed'?ixTy7.m'iles ah hour in arecent tc-st.
.. '.MyjWch&r ���"������'"'xx)w-7)')y'��� : _.
Glen Allen, Alabama.���"I have been' 7 The Sea and th* Air .
freatly benefited by taking Lydia E. 7 -,_,���.. ,
inkham's   Vegetable   Comfiound  for'-   r!ie Bntish are the greatest of sea-
bearing-dowTn feelings and pains. I waa j faring peoples, because they love the
troubled  in this'way for nearly four !sai. '   Through, the centuries men of
years following the birth of my first..   "    ... ;   ...     .. ���      > 7 ..
d��ld,and at times wdd hardly stand on I 0U! ^?n<i ^ce have gone dovrn. to.it
my feet. A neighbor recommended the ;.Jn boats, .and sailing .vessels,: and
Vegetable Compound to me after I had ��� steamships,: aiid-now, in, these latter
taken, doctor's medicines without much . days/ In submarines',-.till Its dangers
i>enefit.   It has relieved my pains and '.    -- ' '   X XX  ���-    X
gives me strength. I recommend it ��*d ' h.d^��� '.or them no tenors... At present
pve you permission to use my t-esti-, so,-far as the great mass of them -is
TKonial letter.'*���Mrs. Ida. Eye, Gleo _ concerned, that can hardly b6 said 7of
Allen, Alabama. ""-.������.-'
Wbtnen who suffer sbouid write to the
Lydia E.Pinkham Medicine Co.,Cobourg,
Chitario, for a free copy of Lydia E-
I^inkha *i's-" Private -Text-Book
"AiliBentfi Peculiar to Women;"
V.-.'".-7."��� ���' .Growth of Canada.".
"-That: .Canada ^yas gradually--becoming ��� more",arid more, of an .industrial
country, and. that. ..Canadians, .them-,
selves'were,not'truly .'aware' of the fact.
was the opinion expressed before the
Winnipeg. Rotary :Cjub by. Prof. R. C'
Wallace'.' of. the .University of Manitoba.. He stated that during the
past .25 years' the population of Can-
a'da had Jnorcased '80 per cent., the
railway mileage-120 per cent.,'.while
tlie industrial .life of ;the country increased -700 per cent.
.' ������.<;'���.
-w.  *v.. r.l*.
the air:      They.. fear, it rather ,tiian
love it.���-London Times.--'-:".--'/. XX-, X: .���".
:y[ Speed with which meteors .f-nteii:.the
earth's atmosphere .Vanes '"from'eeven
to''45 miles a second/'-X['XX'Xyyy ���'���������:- -
Betting Introduced in Sweden
Betting in connection with horse:
racing was introduced in Sweden- for
the first lime May "at Jagersro, the
largest racecourse in South Sweden. ���
For many years tiie question of betting has been before the Rlgsdag at
intervals, and many times .it has been
rejected as being immoral.
ine afloat.
'.The XI. will mount a 12-inch gun.
She will :be. able .to bombard.an. object .at long' or .short-range, and .then
slip quickly beneath the-waves". .With
her great speed anil gun.power,avhich
will surpass.anythingin her'class, she
will be'.more..than" a'match for the
most surface'vessels.- '-..->
..The:submarine was laid-down only
eighteen months ago, and-,t,he British
Admiralty lias.congratulated her.build-
erson the. speed .with whicli they have
done their..Work..     ���'���' -'    .- "'-" -'
works- they have' been- constructing
since last autumn'to insure their-gukr-
dianship of ihe. "straits!". says the correspondent. ' "To .this.end they have
emp!o>eci 12,000 Russian-workmen'.
Woman Preachers In U.S.
-There are ITS women preachers iri
various denominations in the United
States, all of whom are members of "5>000
the International Association of Women Preachers, according to the list
of members recently made public at
Chicago. Illinois leads in the number of women preachers with 33,-17
of them being in the city of Chicago.
Kansas "ranks second with 30 women
ministers. " Nebraska is third in numbers with IS.     V -. .
-. Association of Canadian Clubs ���-���; ���
.Believed lo be. the.;first..of.its kind
inthe.Dominion,.a provincial committee ofthe. Association of V " Canadian
Clubs-in-Saska'tchewari. wag .-formed; at
a meeting of representatives over the
province held", recently in Regina.;
"The boy who once, wished his. dad
had a. candy storey now'', has..a ..son
who wishes' his; dad had a filling, station.--*-, ;--.  '.-..-  '-':. -XX' . '' -.- :   ���:.--. -
Policeman Returns to Bricklaying
Says Work Pays Better and Is More
The Jersey City policeman who has
resigned his job to go back to bricklaying is in tune with the times. Laying bricks, he truthfully remarks, Is
twice as profitable as patrolling a beat
and about half as bpresome. Why,
indeed, should a man stay on a police
force at $2,000 a year when he can_
make $4,000 as a mason? A. generation ago there were about 50,000
policemen in the United States and
the brick and stone masons numbered
159,000.': Now there are about 83,000
policemen and only 134,000 brick and
stone masons.' Since 1890 the ranks
of the police have gained 33,000 and
the l-a'nks of the masons, have lost
It is not so very easy to get
good policemen, , but it is much"
harder to get bricklayers.���New York
New York a City of Youth
Nine hundred and sixty-five of every
1,000 persons in New Vork city are
under 30 years of age, according fo
the New York city 1920 census committee,, which found a larger proportion of population under 30 and., under
20 in' New York- than in Chicago 01
. -Newspaper-men work so hard making others [. famous that they seldom
have time, to cop any,, fame' for them-
selves,���Washington Post.,   .���'"���   ; '-,������'
. The . banana yields. ,133'times', as
much food value per. acre as does
wheat..   -V.'-''  '��� ,--."���   '-,-������' " ."-, -'..
City  and  Coahtry  Dweilers ;.
Census ..Shows   Canada's   Population
���Almost Equally Divided
A  compilation   based   on   Canada's
census returns shows ��� that, the population is divided 'equally between city,
dwellers and. country, dwellers.";.   The
total urban, population   is   given   as
iiori -4.435,710-     The total rural popu-
tiori 4,43'5,710.     -The-tqta-lrural'population- of the'three prairie-provinces
is now given at 1,252,753, as compar-.
ed'Vvith 849,042 In the .census of 191.1.
"Rural" population, of course, Includes
the' overflow of the large cities.
.Auto Supplants Came!/
'The. .United States .'consul at Aden,
Arabia, states in a dispatch that the
automobile has supplanted the cariiel
as a mail apd.-'passengei' carrier be.
tween Djiboutih and Ze.lia over the
hot sand's of the, desert.- ��� A light car,'
he. affirms,--can''inake.the: trip.in four
hours,-'whereas" it takes a camel caravan a ..whole, day.'"' V; '��� ' "������'... V 7 ���__ .
It's not just custom "that, makes people
take mustard" with their meals.-.  Must-,
.  arc! aids digestion, and helps to assimi- ,
iate.the'meats.,. It is.a good->abit to
acquire.   Mlx.it freshly, for every meal.
Lady.���Tobe, I'm "soi'ryto'.h.ear'your-
wife got- a div"orce.
Tobe.^-Yessum, she done, gone back
to Alabama.
���'Lady;���^Who   will "do   my   washing
���now?. '.-'-.        ' -���"       "' ; ,
' Tobe.���Weill-irium,'i'se co-tin again',
and I co'ts rapid. ...-'-      ..'._._���
7 When a onan is working for himself
he., doesn't have : to employ a timekeeper." '.-' .'""'.-..
7 Look to Your Byes
.Beautiful ��yes,lik�� fine
'.Teeth, are the re��slt of Constant
Care. The daily use of Mscrihe
rnxices Eytj dear and RstSiant.
"Enjoyable.- Hi_s_!c-j. Sold tad
. ReccKtroetaJtd by All DrussiJti'
Saskatchewan S,eed; -
The Field Husbandry Department
o�� the University of. Saskatchewan,
has sent out over, 112,000 pounds of
seed this spring. Farmers of Saskatchewan received the largest proportion of tbe .seed, but farmers of neighboring provinces 'and States were also
recipients. One shipment was sent
to Eussla, where it. will be sown on
the Government experimental farms.
Of .the amount sent out, over 86,000
pounds was."elite stock."       ���   ','<��� -'
- It Is said that no, two ineri; ever
tbiEk alike���yet e great many widows
remarry....7 ;���".���,: 'VV'^..7 ..VV^'-V-7--7.: :-
Ulvorce has its casualties as. great.
as any, war; No fewer- than 80,000
children were made orphans last
year by United States divorce, courts'.
should demand them
t.  Differ*^ tnd better
2. StronJ*r nnd tmttr       .   .
3. Contain mo poison
4. Rata won't gnaw them  ---
5,' Withstand more Rt��litur��.-
6. Will net glow after Mac
7. C��i*d!*��nt��sJcior Canadian*
Well worth
��� Vll
THE     LEDGE.' ��� ..OKAEX-WOOD. '   B.     C.
Naturalization Act
Put Through Commons
Ottawa.���-The bill to amend the
Naturalization Act was passed by the
House of Commons after the Secretary of-State,-Hon. A. B. Copp,. had
withdrawn, the amendments trans-
Tferring the-granting of naturalization
.from the courts to the department.
On explaining that he would, withdraw these sections' for .the present
session, he said that it was now' proposed to repeal the legislatlonTof 1920/
fixing.'the period 'necessary for naturalization at 10 years. , Under the
present bill it was five years.     V. .
Mr. Copp said he realized that the
greatest difficulty in administering
the Naturalization Act was experienced in the west. He suggested
that western members might submit
to him suggestions as to where it
would be best to hold sittings for
naturalization purposes.
The bill was" reported and given
third reading.
Hon. W. S. Fielding announced that
it was proposed shortly to provide.for
the appointment of a board of audit to
investigate the whole system of auditing government accounts.
When the estimates of $11.1,000 for
tlie external affairs department came
up, M. N. 'Campbell (Progressive,
Mackenzie) protested against continuance of the requirement of passports between Canada and- Britain,
and the Premier agreed that negotiations might well, be begun to remove
this rquirement.
The resolution of Hon'. Charles
Stewart, Minister of the Interior, to
amend the . Immigration Act was
The main purpose of the resolution
is to allojv a second homestead where
a settler in the pre-emption area in
Saskatchewan and Alberta has not
succeeded. The grant of the second
homestead is-conditional on the approval of the provincial government.
The bill to carry out the terms of the
resolution was given first and second
reading, but as It had not been distributed, it remains in committee for
further consideration.
Prince Of Wales May
Visit Canada Again
Report Says He Will Tour All British
New York.���The Prince of Wales
may tour the British Dominions in a
campaign to arouse interest in next
year's British Empire Exposition, it
was said by W. C. Crawford, President
of Thirty Club of London, who addressed the New. York Advertising
Club. He said the' Prince was making daily speeches before trade groups
in the interest of the exposition. This
time, if the Prince comes, his visits
to the, Dominions will be for the purpose of boosting the trade exposition,
unlike his other tours of the last three
years, when his missions were social
and political; . Canada will be the
first of the Dominions -which His
Royal Highness will visit, it is stated.
Mr. Crawford gave no hint as to
wh.en the Prince would leave England
or what his itinerary would be, but
from the fact that the exposition is
to beopcned in the spring it is assumed that the tour will" probably start
within a few months.       .
Organize Unbn of Churches' f^Qf Secession
All Nonsense Says
Speaker In Senate
Quebec���As the result of the ac-
-       .... : \.    .   .,. ���      .- :..---      y   ���"'      V
tion taken by the members of the war
memorial committee In7 unanimously
voting down suggestions to close the
war memorial funds, the Imperial
Order of the Daughters of thefTEmpire
will continue to carry on this work
In Canada un_til the objective, set iour
years ago, of $500,000, is reached.
This was the announcement made
by1 Miss Constance Laing, national
educational secretary and convener of
the war memorial committee vOf the
order, at their annual convention here.
The fund now amounts to ?-i02,-
Last year the war memorial committee ' expended $7,083 in providing
bursaries for the sons and daughters
of deceased and totally disabled sol
diers and sailors, and $7,000 in post
graduate scholarships in British
unlversitiesV There were 13 application* for bursaries last year, including four from British Columbia, three
from Manitoba andVone each from Alberta and Saskatchewan.
The following resolutions were
That the present system of awarding bursaries be continued.
That in the case of junior or senior
matriculation, payment will be made
in three instalments, $250 -��� the first
year, $375 the second year and $375
the third year.
That the amount collected since
1922, namely, $25,000, be added to the
Canadian bursaries fund in order to
increase the allowance from $250 to
Trade With Australia
Commonwealth May Accept Canada's
Offer of Reciprocity
Ottawa.--Australia is^about to accept the,Canadian offer of reciprocity.
The Minister of Trade and Commerce,
Hem. J. A. Robb, was officially advised by cable that at the opening of the
Australian Parliament the speech
from the throne foreshadowed legislation accepting the Canadian offer.
The proposal referred to is that
Canada extend to Australia* the British preferential tariff in. exchange for
a similar preference to Canadian
goods under the Commonwealth tariff. As Canada is considerably more
advanced in an industrial sense than
the sister dominion, itis believed that,
with the proposed treaty concluded, a
very substantial development in trade
will result."
Ernest Wright,. Editor of The Herald,
Eyebrow, Sask.
New    Church     May    Have    a
.   Membership of 2,598,000
Toronto.���The organic union of the
Presbyterian, Methodist and Congregational Churches under the proposal
adopted by the Presbyterian General
Assembly, will create a very powerful ecclesiastical organization from a
numerical standpoint. The census
of 1921 gives the numbers of persons
belonging to the churches which will
come under the union plan.as follows:
Methodists, J,15S,74-1; Prebyteria'n,
1,-108,81.2; - Congregational, 30.574;
total, 2,598,130, or 29.56 of (the population of Canada. Allowance must,
of course, be made for the possibility of dissentients breaking away and
forming another church. > ' ' '
The leading Christian denominations outside of the union are:
Roman Catholics, 3,383,633; Anglicans, 1,407,959; Baptists, 421,730;
Lutherans, 287,484; and adherents of
the Greek Church, 169,822.
New Railway Construction
; ' ('
Considerable Extensions . to'" Branch
Lines In Saskatchewan'
Ottawa.-���Saskatchewan fares the
best of any of the provinces in thc appropriations for railway construction
now before Parliament.
It will have a total of 453 miles,
which is the largest of any province,
while out of the $27,000,000 to be
spent, the Saskatchewan, share is
$11,653,000, ranging from $2,767,00u
for the Dunblane branch, $2^83,000
for the Turtleford branch, and $1,404,-
500 for the Bengough branch, down to
$154,000 for the Willow Brook, a si:c-
mile extension.
The construction work will be carried forward by the National Railway directorate, Parliament's function
being to provide the money. It is
expected, however, that on most, if
not all of the branches, work will be
started this year,' though the appropriation generally covers a three-
year programme. One great argument favorable to work this year, is
the stimulus of immigration, as well
li�� the-conveniencertoVsettlers result
ing from the building of these lines. "
Premier Of Bulgaria Killed
Shot    During   An    Attempt
Rescue Him  From Guards
'   Sofia. ��� Alexander    Stamboulisky,
Premier of Bulgaria from the time the
peasant Government was formed under his leadership in 1918 until he was
overthrown last week by the Bulgarian army, was killed in the village of
Vetron, near his native town of Slavo-
vitza.     He was shot in the course ot
an attempt by a party of peasants to
rescue him from guards who had captured him after a three-day pursuit.
; Stamboulisky    was   brought    from
the village of Golak,   where   he   was
captured.     He   announced   that   he
had important documents at his Slavo-
vitza home and was permitted to set
out for Slavovitza in   an   auto    sur- i
rounded by guards
British Commons Drop
Ship Liquor Bill
Members Opposed to Using Retaliatory Measures on U.S.
, London.���In the House of Commons,
Lt.-Col. Joseph Nail, Manchester, moved the second reading of the private
bill providing that all vessels using
British ports must.carry a reasonable
supply of alcoholic liquor for its passengers.
The bill, which was pronounced by
Col. Nail as "the logical consequence
of American legislation," was opposed by several members as calculated to involve Great Britain in a
controversy with a friendly power and
.deprecated such retaliittory measures.
Eventually the bill was talked out and
thus it dropped.
Forest Fires Destroy
New Yorkers' Property
Value of Fishing Lodges in New
Brunswick Over $100,000
Fredericton, N.B.���The sporting
lodges owned by the Metepedia Salmon Club, a fishing club made up of
wealthy New Yorkers owning valuable
fishing privileges and elaborate camps
along the New Brunswick-Quebec inter-provincial boundary, have been
destroyed by forest fires. The buildings are valued at more than one hundred thousand dollars.
The fire cut into New Brunswick
territory for miles up the Resti-
gouche River from the mouth of the
Upsalquitch. -.'..-_
A reply has been received by Col.
Loggie, Deputy Minister of Lands and
mines,.to a request forwarded to Ottawa for a detachment of Mounted
Police to patrol the northern fire
areas of the province, stating that the
request could not be compiled with
owing to a-lack of men.
Reports state the forest fire four
miles out of Kedgewick, which had
assumed serious proportions, was apparently incendiary.
Bernhardt's Effects
Are Sold In Paris
Moose Factory In
Ontario Campaign
307,970 Francs' Realised From First
Sale of Actress! Treasures
'Paris.���The final day of the first
sale of Sarah Bernhardt's effects realised 127,895 francs���a total or 307,970
francs for the three days.
The great canopied bed on which
the famous actress died was withdrawn from the sale. The highest
priced lot, consisting of bas reliefs
and sacred objects sculptured In
wood, brought 11,000 francs. A rug
made from a skin of an antelope
killed by Madame Bernhardt while
hunting ( with the late Czar near
Moscow, brought 782 francs. The
collection of dolls sold well, the highest bringing 600 francs and the others
varying between 160 and 450.
The' sale of Mine. Bernhardt's library will begin June 25, and continue
for three days.
First Vote  For Citizens  In   Hudson's
Bay Post
Cobalt, Ont.-���The citizens at Moose
Factory, the' far outlying post of the  with Field Marshal Lord Ypres in at-
Will Unveil Ypres Memorial
. _____
Ceremony May Be Performed By Duke
Of Connaught
London.���Preparations are in progress for the unveiling of the memorial at St. Julien commemorative of
the second Battle of Ypres. ln which
the Canadians successfully resisted
the first German gas attacks. It is
expected the ceremony will take place
July 8., The unveiling probably will
be done by the' Duke of Connaught,
Alberta May Be Represented
Consider Having Counsel at Grain
Trade Probe
Edmonton, Alta.���Counsel to represent the province at the sitting of the
,. | grain commission, which is scheduled
0n tne outskirts ;for Edmonton on June 25, jnay be ap-
o"f~ the" vilfage~~a party'of peasants | ��ointed h* the government. The-corn-
blocked the road. " " mission -is desirous" that 'such an ap-
Under the fire of the peasants the i P��'ptment beVnade, "and Attorney-
guards abandoned Stamboulisky and j General Brownlee says that he is now
the peasants proceeded to escort him considering the matter,
toward the village. En route a band If U ls Welded to have such re-
of soldiers attacked the peasants with j Presentation at the ^hearing, it is
rifle" fire.-" 'It~was~~during"the_sIiort
Hudson's Bay Co., will have  an opportunity to cast their ballots at the
coming Ontario elections for the first
time in the history of the province.
(The sister post on James Bay, situat-
| ed at the mouth of the Albany River,
! must wait anotheV term before enjoying a similar privilege.
Judge Caron, of Cochrane, flew by
hydroplane to the shores of James
Bay, and while successful in making
arrangements at Moose Factory, was
unable to go to Albany post because
James Bay was filled with ice.
General Turner, who commanded
the brigade which endured the" main
onslaught, is coming from Canada for
the ceremony.
Federated Women's Institutes
Important Matters  Discussed at Biennial Convention
Fredericton, N.B.���With representatives lrom every province in Canada,
the third biennial convention of the
Federated Women's Institutes of Canada opened here, Mrs. W, Tobb, of
Orillia, Ont., the National President,
Miss Annie Playfair, of Harfney,
Man., -vyas- the principal speaker of
the opening session, her topic being
"Women's Institutes from a National
Discussion on the address of Miss
Playfair was led by GMiss Annie
Stuart, of Grand Pre, who thought
that some of the money spent on circulars concerning fruit sales, seasonable hints on pigs, cattle, etc., could
be well diverted to women's work that
especially concerns the home and children.
Mrs. MacLachlan, Victoria, urged
that a definite problem be planned
before going lo Ottawa and appealed
to all to use their influence in keeping British Columbia a white man's
"We are the front line trenches
against Oriental immigration," she
said. "At present* every ninth child
registered in British Columbia is of
Oriental birth, and all are not registered. The Japanese say that with the
lash of the vote they will put the white
race where they belong.*-'
"Everything depends on Ottawa,"
she continued, "and we need the heir
of all Canada." In conclusion she
urged-"buy at home" industrial campaigns.
Mrs. J. F. Price, of Calgary, publicity secretary, reviewed the national publicity work of the organization, stating that every province in
Canada, with the exception of Prince
Edward Island, carried on regular
departments of news in various
provincial papers, while Nova Scotia
institutes published a quarterly
periodical of their own. As an example of how far and wide women's
institute news is published, she cited
the Peace River Record, one of the
farthest north papers in Canada,
carrying five stories of women's institute meetings in various parts of the
district which it serves in one of it's
weekly issues. The policy was to get
news published wherever and whenever it could be done.
Ottawa.���In the Senate, Senator W.
H. Bennett continued the discussion
on the investigation into shipping on
the Great Lakes. He said that tho
conditions of the western farmers;
were deplorable "andthat there/was a
monopoly of grain dealers in Winnipeg who had taken the' last possible
cent from them.
Another crowd of plunderers and
harpies" were in the Great Lakes
shipping combine. In 1922 the action of the shipping combine was
"criminal." The Governnient had
vessels on the Great Lakes and could
have broken the combine, but tied up
the vessels, and had failed.to abrogate
ihe coasting laws until it was too
late to benefit the farmers.    0
Senator Gillies, of Whitewood,
Sask., said that secession talk ln tho
west was all nonsense, as tliere wero
no more loyal Canadians, than-those
of the prairies.
Says Australia Has
Great Possibilities
Development     Barely     Begun,    Says
Prime Minister of New South
Ottawa.���The value of co-operation
between the units of the British Empire, both for commercial expansion
and the stability of the empire, was
the keynote of an address by Sir
George W. Fuller, Prime Minister oe
New South Wales, speaking before tho
Canadian Club. Sir George spoke or
Australia's great possibilities, the development of which had been barely
begun. He asked his hearers^ to
cease to believe that Australia was
largely arid. If was Immensely fertile, and among other things of the future, Australia had the potentialities
of an immense wheat production.
Great as had been Australia's' development in recent years, Sir George
said that it was hoped to make her
still greater in the near future. To
that end he had been to the Old Country and he was returning with a contract signed in Great Britain by which
6,000 Britishers were to be settled on
6,000 farms in N^ew South Wales.
Landslide Buries C.P.R. Lines
Edmonton    Girls   Win
No   Loss   of   Life   in   Avalanche   in
Western Alberta
Calgary.���One    of    the worst landslides  ever known on the Canadian
Pacific Railway, but   unattended    by
loss of life, occurred June 13, between
Championship j Cathedral and Field, B.C.. when some
Edmonton.���Edmonton Commercial
Graduates, ladies basketball champions of Canada, annexed a world's
championship when for a second time
they defeated the Cleveland, Ohio,
Favorite Knits, who up to the, present
had held the world's title. The score
was 19 to ,13 for the Edmonton team,
making-the total score for the round,
53 to 33.     The game was witnessed
Canadians Entertained in Paris
Paris.���E. W. Beatty, President of
the Canadian Pacific. Railway Company; Hon. Smeaton White, Senator
of Canada; and Sir-George McLaren
Brown, European General Manager of
the Canadian Pacific Railway, were
entertained at luncheon in Paris by
the Union Inter-Allied, an exclusive
club."." -  _   "
Lloyd George Coming
London.���The Times says it Is,.virtually assured that former-Premier
Lloyd,George will visit Canada in the
autumn. He will also visit the United States, according to the Times. -
stiff,   fighting   which   followed
Stamboulisky was- shot.
Grain Freight Rates Bill
Ottawa.���Hon. J. A. Robb, Minister
of Trade and Commerce, has given
notice of a, bill in the House of Commons which places control of freight
rates on grain between Fort William
and Port Arthur and any other port or
place in Canada or the United States
of America, by, lake or river navigation, under the Board of Grain Commissioners for Canada.
Spend your money at home, thereby helping your own town and local
Friendly Termination
Of The Dispute Between
Britain And Russia
London.���A brief note from the
British Government delivered to M.
Krassin, the Russian Soviet representative, brings to an end the Song correspondence beginning with Lord Cur-
zon's ultimatum, aud terminates the
dispute between Great Britain and
Russia, which at one, time seriously
threatened a rupture of the tradfe
agreement between the two countries.
That this has been avoided is considered as largely due to M. Krassin's
diplomatic tact.' That the ^British
Government now considers the Incident closed Is seen in the fact that
it issued to Parliament an official record of thc whole correspondence.
Russia yielded on many points, In-.
eluding   withdrawal   of  the   offensive
-.   Wcins'em notes, granting compeosa-
��� Uoa   to   the   seized trawters, in the
W.   N.   U.    1477,
Harding and Davison cases, and permitting fishing rights within the 12-
milc limit. On tlie question of Soviet' propaganda, a compromise has
been reached.
The wording of the note shows that
Russia had agreed, "in the normal
course of diplomatic movements," to
the transfer from Kabul, Afghanistan, to aether point, of M. Faskol-
nikov, against -whom, according to
the note;' "the main - charges have
been made," and to insure that - M.
Shamiatsky,    at
serve the propaganda agreement in
letter and spirit.
The note further gives the important undertaking that Great Britain
and her dominions," colonies and protectorates shall - not ' assist in any
hostile designs against " the Soviet
Government or tho republics associated with It which may be entenained
by Russian emigres.
likely-that--some-official of his de-1 by-over-8,000 spectators, wholjammed
partment wil be    deputed    for    the | the arena stadium to it's greatest capa-
purpose, and there is even a possibility that Mr. Brownlee himself
will undertake the mission if his
other arangements will permit. ,   t ,
Widow Sues For $36,607
Calgary.���Suit for $36,607 has been
instituted against Elmo Edgar Trider,
of Calgary, recently freed by a jury
on a charge of murdering Constable
Charles N. "Paris, of the DrumheUer
town police.
- Beryl Louise Paris, wife of the dead
police officer, is suing on behalf of
herself and her infant son, Charles
Oliver, according to a statement of
claim "filed in .the .Supreme Court
clerk's ollice. -
Mention Hon. Frank Oliver for Senate
Ottawa.���Hon. Frank Oliver, former
Minister of the Interior, is being
boomed by many of . his - political
friends-and others for appointment to
the l Alberta senatorship -vacant
through the death of the late Senator Amede E. Forget. Mr. Oliver has
been out of public life tince 1317,
when he was defeated by General
Griesbach, who meanwhile has been
appointed to the Senate.
Saskatchewan   Wheat   For  Argentina
Ottawa.���A shipment ot" 500 bushels
of Canadian registered Marquis wheat,
produced by members of the Canadian
Seed Growers' Association in. Saskatchewan, is being made to Buenos
Aires, for sowing in Argentina. P.
Stewart, Secretary of the Association,
expressed the opinion that the performance of this seed ' in   Argentina
Tehras   shall  ob-' w3il le?d *�� increased purchases from
Jap Kills Countryman In B.C.
Vancouver, B.C.���Reporting to pol
ice headquarters lhat he had killed a
man, EteuzlMoru, a Japanese, led the
police to Railway Street, near the
waterfront, to where the lifeless,body
of an elderly Japanese, named Shir-
aishi lay with his skull crushed.
Mora.-was taken into custody and
hundreds of thousands of tons of mud,
rock and other debris, loosened by the
recent heavy rains and melted snow,
rolled down the mountainside. In all,
there-were actually six slides, which,
according to railroad officials, ran
from 50 to 150 feet long and-from six
to fifteen feet'deep.
Railway Commission'Sessions'
_Ottawa.r-The _ JBoard _of _Railway_
Commissioners will" hold sittings in
western cities as follows: Saskatoon,
June 25; Edmonton, June 26; Vancouver, June 29: Victoria, July 3; Grand
Forks, B.C., July 6; Nelson, July 7;
Fernie, July 9; Calgar.v, July 30; Regina, July 12; Brandon, July 14.
Chinese President Resigns "
London.���Chinese President Li Yuan
Hung of China, has resigned and iurn-
ed over, to his captors at Tien Tsin
a. charge of murder laid against Win. i the Government seals whicli-he took
A dispute over- money matters, Moru J with him in his  flight from Peking.
is alleged to have   confessed - to
police, ltd to the killing.
the ; fcays a dispatch to the Evening News
���. j from its Tien Tsin correspondent.
Will Prepare
Drastic Programme
President Harding Preparing for Re-
Election  As "Dry"  Candidate
Washington. ��� President Harding,
when he meets this month with the
governors of the states In the second
conference on prohibition, will have a
definite and drastic dry programme to
propose. This is the statement made'
on high administration authority. The
conference is to be held prior to the
departure of the president on his western speaking tour and trip to Alaska.
Just at the time when the State of
New York has disposed of its enforcement law and when a movement for
similar action is strong in some other
State?,���the President is-preparing-to
make himself leader of the dry forces
and to run for re-nomination and reelection on such a programme.' His
political adversers believe the great
majority "of the country is dry and
that a dry policy is sure to win at the
Royalty at Wedding
London.���Lady Mary Cambridge,
niece of Queen Mary, and the Marquis
of "Worcester, were mariled Jane 1-4
in St. Margaret's Church, Westminster- The King and Queen, Queen
Alexandra -and
were prtsent.  -
msnv-  other notables}
Grave Conditions In China
Washington Informed Lives of Americans Are In Danger
Shanghai���.-Conditions in China were
termed "the worst bince the Boxer
outbreak,' in a statement in which
the"   American    Association of .China
and the American Chamber of Com-. -
irieree of Shanghai united. -
. The organizations agreed that American lives'and liberty are endangered and thf-ir "prestige and business
are feeing desiroxed by lack of strong
action."     _
A rsible of protest  was sent  to ihe
Secretary-of Slate in Washington. ���
Renew Suggestions To
Turks At Lausanne
Allies Asking Recognition of Pre-War
Lausanne.���The allied representatives at the Near East Peace Conference renewed thier suggestion for a
provision in the Turkish peace treaty
recognizing the validity of the prewar concessions made by Turkey, ismet Pasha, head of the Turkish delegation, said the concessions were being dealt with at Angora, but he
agreed to give his experts an opportunity to study the text of the allied
proposal. The allies told Ismet they
did not think the Angora negotiations
with the concession holders were progressing as well as the Tifrks contended.. ,
Among ihe Allies the impression
prevails that the Turks are withohid-
ing a favorable reply to the concession question, pending a settlement
satisfactory to them of the Ottoman
debt problem and the question of the
"evacuation "of-Constantinople.
Fear Bulgarian
Peasant Revolt
May Rally to Call Issued by Deposed
London.���Great anxiety is entertained in Allied quarters over the course
ot events* in Bulgaria. Fear is expressed that the peasantry, which'
forms the backbone of the country,
will rally to the call, already issued,
of their deposed - leaders, some of
whom are still at large, and attempt a
counter-revolution. "
In the meantime the now regime at
is rapidly displacing members
of its diplomatic corps abroad who
were appointed, by Stamboulieky.
1 Sofia
Take Oath Of Klan     ,
Detroit.   Mich.���Between    5_00   and
1,000 person's took the oath ot the K��
KSux Klan on an Oakland Coumy farm
north of Betroit,
U.S. Compromise Offer
London.���The . British and other
governments ha*e been approached by,
the United States State Department
with, a compromise offer permitting
the ingress of liquor under seal into
United States ports provided an agreement is i cached to extend the limit
ot 'territory from three miles to 12
Armed Intervention
in Bulgaria Declared
To Be A Possibility
���*������-������"-"" ���       " i
London.���A   Belgrade   dispatch   to i countries  ha^e confined the fltcisionT
The Times savs that armed interven- ] as tfl whether any action is accessary,
tion in Bulgaria by the Little Entente!10 Jog������ia. ���* �� intervention to
. decided upon SoSa is to be occupied!
mentioned   in   Belgrade I aBd the ��sfS Home br the Little Bfc.
is openly
among the general public, who demand
decisive action. The attitude of tbe
Jugo-SIav Government towards the
Bulgarian revolutionaries has continued peaceful.
It is stated t_Uat thc LJUle Entente
rente and Greece. The Jugo-S?a^
Government, says the correspondent
intends to complain to Bulgaria s.nd
the Allied Governments, that'the Bulgaria army exceeds the streEgtb p***
niitted bj the uea.ty ef "SseUlj. ���^���eptfi^lJISsfl
Is $2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     7.00
2stray Notices 3-00
Cards of Thanks     1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.S0
(Where more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
r All other legal'advirtislng, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, noupariel
Transcieut display advertising 50 cents
&n inch each insertion.
Business locals i2#c. ia line each insertion.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, aud
that the editor would be pleased
to'have more money.
Those persons are the most up-
happy who believe that happiness
is their due.     ��� ��� .- --:: .  ������������>.-.:
Borrow trouble for .yourself if
that's your nature, but don't lend
it to your neighbors. \
Battleships are not the first
line of defence. The first line consists in friendships.
Premier John Oliver
Speaks at Greenwood
When a man insists on proving
the truthfulness of his remarks always let him do it.
A man thinks he is entitled to
Eome Eort of twilight zone betweeD
prickly heat and frozen feet.
The most popular summer sport
consists in a .frantic e��Eorti7 to "keep
within two jumps of expenses..,; .
WConsidek .-/the;'- lowly .postage
. stamp '-and learn the' secret of  success. ..It sticks to on is thing "until
ifc-gets, there.--' -7 -'���������-   .   ; -,..-..
;'   There." is no . better advice for
the young man who hopes /to getv
albhgland' make av;name7for him:
seif; than to make his appearance
- attractive..  It is so easy to assume
7a bored dilatory spirit at.work .that
..may be monotonous and. this will.
work.against you every step  ofthe:
/way..; Be alive,'-wide awake,; re:.
BourcefaJ,..' determined . to. make
���good,, to:. do ; somethiug  and    be
.somebody.- .V '""Vv-.  ...���.-.
Giant Dog Leads Cast
:V'y of: "The Silent; Call"
.':   X c"an!ne'star'is7makin:g ."his de'
.but m."'!The>S'ilen't;;Gall,.''' 7wb'ich
- will ''be'-showii  at' the Green wockJ
Theatre 'oii' Saturday,  June 23rd.
.-The' dog shows a .canine -intelli-:
gence that is striking. \ , '.;
V 7 The plot deals, with "Western life
V around the High Sierras and eallp
'.for a dog in.its leading deli.hatidn,
The, prdducere .spent monthsof '-in-
.yestigatjeri. searching 7 the foremost
7 kennels; of this country and Europe
'���' before.they: came upon Strongheart,
the Belgian police hound,<yho takep
���-.therole ..of'Flash -in the picture.' ..-.-
77'"VFlash is . a . cross   between'  dog
. and wolf; and  the "development of
the picture ..showa/the. two strain?
" in   him   straggling   for niaetery;
Because   human  domination   be
comes intolerable   he   breaks   hi*.
7 chains.and goes to tha mountains
where be mates with a full blooded
wolf, 7'���-'���'"' 'V WVWWvWWV"
In the end, however, tbehnman
, instinct of loyalty is  too strong1 to
withstand.    When he genses  tbAi
the human beings who claimed.his
affection are in danger,.Flash returns to the fold in timetoeffect a
thrilling rescue.  " WW -..
While the police dog, as aVdis-
tinct novelty . in motion - pictureV
calls for'nnusuaL attention from
audiences, the .story is admirably
.acted by an all-star' castwhich in;:
eludes..: .-"John Bowers, Ka'tbrya
McGnirei, William 'Dyer, .VTazaes
Mason, ^elson McDowell,-:7E. .$.���
Brady and .Robert Bolder. 7 X.:"7'-���).
There was a large crowd from
all parts of the district at the
Greenwood Theatre on Saturday
afternoon to hear Hon. John
Oliver, Premier of British Columbia, speak on the political aspects
of the day and particularly the
splendid efforts he is putting up to
secure better freight rateB for the
province. Hon. John Oliver wan
in great form and it is conceded
that he delivered a forceful and
convincing argument. on all the
subjects he outlined. He spoke
for two hours and created a great
impression throughout. Mayor T.
M. Gulley occupied the chair and
in a few words introduced the
Premier. On rising the Premier
was greeted with applause and
from the start spoke convincingly.
He explaiued why the meeting was
held in the afternoon aud congratulated the committee in their
endeavors to hold a meetiug in
Greenwood. He was pleased to
see so many ladies present and he
had always been in favor of
Woman's franchise. It. was the
Liberal Government who had given
woman the vote. "   ��
He explained the working of the
Mother's Pension Act, and the
changes in the act re juveniles.
The Workmens Coinpensation
Act was proving; a 'gr"ea�� success
and workmen-were receiving higher compensation, foraDJuriee*     x "���
Owing to the high cost of living
civil service salaries are much
higher than formerly. In 1915 16
the revenue of the province
amounted to 80,291,000 and "in
1922 it amounted to $18,000,000.
In 1916 39 cents on tbe dollar
went for civil service salaries and
in 1922 ISA- cents on the dollar
went for civil service salaries.
Under the old regime there were
many private employment agencies
which charged $1 per job. The
present administration abolished
these agencies and started Government agencies throughout the province and it doesn't cost a mau a
red cent, to secure employment
through . these Government agencies.. ;.- .��� ���"; 7 ���. . .' -7 ' ....-..'.'
7- Miy Oliver-. stated emphatically
that he"-'could''not' see., how .taxes
could :be reduced ratthe present
time!-. There, was a 7 general idea
that the "Government collected, a
large . revenue : fromV real, .estate
taxes,, As a. matter . bf .fact this
tax does not amount to $1,000,000.
The. total taxes of the province last
year? amounted, - to.'-" $6,o69,6oOv
First year bf Liberal- regime'$296,-
OOO was 'collected from- income
taxes. - Last year the income tax
amounted to .82,000,600.' Tliese
taxes were collected from, wealthy
concerns;;. One.V'.company' -alone
this year has paid 8250,000 on .account. .The.Consolidated, .Qranby,
and Britannia are among the big
tax payers".' Lumbering, and. mining companiesV.were .the:,.' greatest
It might be surprising to know
that education cost 83,432,000 in
1922 or more than half of all taxes
collected were paid for education.
Thus Bhowing that education is not
free for people are taxed for education.
Government control of liquor
was ratified by the electors in 1920.
At first municipalities received 50
per cent, of the profits part of this
beiug earmarked for hospitals.
Now the municipalities receive 35
per cent and hospitals 15 per cent.
For the first 15 months the muni-,
cipalities received 81,300,000 as.
their share of the liquor profits.
As to the money spent on paved
roads for autoists at the coast, the
auto owner's said they were willing
to be taxed, and auto licenses were
paying every dollar of cost of
paved roads.
Criticism was made by Mr.
Bowser and Gen. McRae re the
supposed equandering of the present administration, and to show
how tho money is being spent Mr.
Oliver explained the expenditures
in tho various departments.
The Dept. of Agriculture spent
��30,000 more last year than in
1916. 820,000 was spent for
stumping powder to help the
Mothers Pensions under the
Dept. Of .Labor cost S466;380.  ;
TDcipt..' of Education bf which
H,on. tJ.D. MacLean is tie head
cost $1,506,000 more last year than
in 1916 owing to there being more
schools in the-province.
Dept. of Lands for the protection
of forests and surveys cost considerable-while the Dept. of Mines
spent 8105,000 for mining engineers, etc.
Great interest is being manifested throughout the Province on the
equilization of freight rates for
B.C. and the Premier is doing all
in his power to have this vexed
question amicably adjusted. B.C.
is being discriminated against and
Mr. Oliver has'the whole Province
solidly behind him in his great
fight. He outlined the history of
the country since confederation.
Very few understood these freight
"rates. British Columbia ports
were the natural outlets for the
prairies. The cost of construction
in the. mountains must be considered, and the fact that people, especially in the east, say that the province has not the'population to warrant": it. .Compensation must be
given the .company to- help them
over this d ifficalfcy. V We cannot
Btand these excessive rates." Con>.
perflation;, has... been7-, given.'"-. ...The
C.'P.-R.'- contracted: to. build, that
railroad over the Yellowhead Pass,
and -had. they done.it they would
have no mountain to.contend with;
They built over "the -Rockiea instead, ; the greatest ��� engineering
blunder, and abandoned - the route
choseu by the government." Tbey
built over 4J -per- cent, '.grade,
where^the; abandonedL. gra'de :\yas
li per cent.
The premier was very optimistic
about the result of this appeal
There was only one railway in
terms of agreement. British Cc��
lumbia had to pay mountain ratis
where there are no mountains. If
this treatment is to be handed but
to one part of Canada, then "we
have forgotten the vision of the
Fathers of Confederation."
At the close of Mr.. Oliver's
speech Mayor Gulley asked if anybody, wanted to' ask any questions.
No questions were asked and the
meeting dispersed after the singing
of tbe National Anthem.
E. W. WIDDOWSOW, Assayer and
Chemist, Box buo8, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
$1.25 each. Gold-Silver $1.75. Gold-
Silver with Copper or Lead ��3.00. Silver-Lead $2.00. Silver-Lead-Ziuc $3.00.
Charges for other metals, etc., on application.
Senleil tenders will be received by tlie Minister of Lands not later tuau noun on the
2Stli day of June, 1923, for the purchase of
License X5222, to cut 720,000 feet of-Fir aud
Tamarac and 20,000 Tamarac Ties ou an area
situated near Myers Creek, Similkameen Laud
Three (3) years will be allowed for removal
of timber. ..-
. . Further particulars of.the Chief Forester,
Victoria, B.C., or. District" Forester, Nelson,-:
B.C.'        '"������       *'>    ' .     ���      ^
Sealed tenders.will be received"by the District Forester, Nelson, not later than noon.ou
the 29Hi day of June, 1923, for the purchase
of License X 5226, near Carmi, to cut 2000 l.ewn
One year will be allowed for removal of
limber.- .. - - ���
Further particulars of the District Forester,
Nelson, B. C.        .
In Similkameen Division of Yale Land District,
Recording District of Penticton, B. C, and
situate near Spencer. B.C., situated west of
and adjoining Lot 17 3 7 S- D. Y. D.
TAKE NOTICE that 60 days after date
I, Abel Trombley, of Eholt, B.C., occupation
rancher, intend to apply for permission lo purchase the following described lands:.     . -
Commencing at a 'post-planted 20 chains
South of the - North-West Corner-of. Lot 1737,
thence South 20 chains; thence West 20chaius:
thence North 20 chains;' thence East 20 chains
and containing 40 acres more or less; for grazing purposes. ,.-.���-
Rated 3rd April, 1923.   .
No one but tlio sufferer knows the1 terrible asonji
or the itching. imturo of Pilos and how hopeless
It teema tu try for'relict in ointment-!. Injections
and dilators.'. -  , .   .        -     \
.    Genius produces.
Internal Pile Remedy .
. Pax.l�� tlie" prescription of a well known physician-
nnd has moral successful ln hundreds of'cases. '
Pax" Is Internal distinct from any-other' treatment. . Applications from tlio outside are futile. ���
No ointments, Injections or dilators are necessary. Pax Is complete and is a vegetable rcmsdy,
contains no drugs or  alcohol. .-"���* ' "-
If; you  havo not'- hitherto  found . relief  da ' not
. despair,   place  jour  faith  in  Par. .-,-.,
Except"In .unusually stubborn cases one b'oi  is7
usually' sufficient.-^ ' ..        ."-���'���
GeV'TAX". from your Druggist1 or if-he cannot
supply, you-send One Dollar and "PAX'�� Will" bo
sent' you !ln a '"plain package.' '"' ��� :: --        ..' -J. '.
- -  1015 Dominion BnUfliiur   '-
.._-,'J..;--   -VAKCOTJTE-S^B.C. '---���--x
New Canadians Start For Can
A Busy Scene at the Liverpool Dock^
THE facilities for handling outward bound passengers
at the Canadian Pacific dock at Liverpool, England,
: are as perfect and speedy as any ih the ���worid. As will be
sien.from, the picture above of future Canskdian citizens
boarding the '.'Montcalm", the travellers pass from the
street and railway .station levels to waiting rooms on tbe
dock side. a:nd crossing the bridged.-wharf, board the
ship by the saloon deck - where;they are received and
assigned-to--quarters.   Their-baggage is"'handled froni
below,'' nnd' "with - despatch.".-. A - travelling - belt   carrier
;. operated "by a.n electric dynamo eliminates the 'necessity
-of many inoJsyVa-nd.Vslow moving {winch hoists .which,
^-hen.used"and not too cairefullj^operated; are the cause
of many trunks and boxes being damaged, so that thc
baggage is carefully loaded and distributed almost as
quickly as'the passengers are received. It is usually
planned to Have all the passengers aboard at least hall
an hour before sailing time, and the gangway is down,
for. their reception about three hours before that time
unless special trains are scheduled to arriveeajlier.   .
As for other dock-side facilities, the Montcalm commenced to take on coal.an'd discharge cargoe, mostly
package freight, at six o'clock of the morning of a recent .
arrival. By 2.45 in the afternoon she bad takea 1,000 tons -
of coal into her side bunkers, and at the same time sht
waa unloading 1,700 tons of freight, this being discharged Y
��>y 7.15 the same evening.   - -���    .. =
What the smoke-filled valleys meant to you last
What the timber charred, burned, and blackened
means to YOUR future? ..
That the wages paid last year for the tie crop
along the Grand Trunk was approximately
That the forest will remain a source of revenue to
you if kept green?
Then be careful with fires. Do not destroy your
own livelihood.
Summer Excursion fares
To Eastern Destinations
0h Sale Daily May 15th to Sept. 15
-  Return Limit Oct. 31
Winnipeg ........$72.00
Toionto\........ ....$[13.75
Hamilton , Si 13.75
Loudon $11375
Quebec $141.80
St. John ....$160.30
St. Paul .; $72.00
Minneapolis ,......_ ..$72.00'
Duluth ..$72.00
Fort William ...............$86.30
Niagara Falls $120.62
Ottawa  ��� .$127.95
Montreal $^3^75
Moncton '..,., .".;...$160.30
Halifax- $166.95
Chicago ;.;.... ...,$86,00
New York $147.40
Boston .' $153.50
Many Additional Destinations
Ask for Rates from and to^any Point
V...  . Route  yiaV Port  Arthur ,or   via Soo. Line,   through
���,WinnipegV.or Portal;- theiice. via Chicago or .Sault  Ste. Marie
via Great Lakes; of via California at additional fare;or good
.to'go.via oneof the above routes, return another.
v w 7 Nelson, B.C.
ConsolitoelvMiningv; & Smelting Cov
;--:X-y-"}-of CanadafrLimitecK.';r;WT-V^--^-^:
:- .    Office,-Smelting aud7Refiiiing Department... ���
XX'"....'))-    .TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA: .;'.'.���'    7,      V -  '���    '"""
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper; Lead and Zinc Ores
Producers   oi    Gold.    Silver, -Copper,  -Pig  Lead '"and" Zinc -   .    ���.
V.- ... "TADANAC" BRAND        -     -V.
Tailored Clothes
Men's Suits and Overcoats
For Spring and Summer
Splendid Assortment of New
Samples Just Arrived
Call and see them
Tailor and Cleaner
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Minimum price of first-class land
reduced to $5 an acre; second-class to
$2.50 an acre.
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed lands only.
Records will be granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes and which is non-timber
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
Pre-emptors must occupy claims
for five years and must make improvements to value of $10 per acre,
including clearing, aud cultivation- of
at least 5 acres, before receiving
Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may because of ill-health, pf^other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.
7Rec6rds without permanent residence
may, .be- -. issued,- provided,, applicant
makes improvement to extent of $300
per annum'-and records"-same each ,
year.;;.Failure to make improvements
or record same will operate as forfeiture. Title 7 cannot be obtained in
less than.S years, and improvements of
$10.00 per acre, including S acres cleared and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required.
Pre-emptors holding Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land.
Unsurveyed areas not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling resident- *
ial and improvement conditions���
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas exceeding ,640 acres -may be
leased by one person or company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber land not exceeding 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of stum page.
Natural hay meadows inaccessible
by "existing roads may be purchased
conditional upon construction of a road"
to them. Rebate, of one-half of cost of
road, hot exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.
The scope of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving 1
with His'Bitajesty's Forces. The time
in which the heirs or devisees of a de- . ..
ceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under 'this act is extended from one
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion of the present war. This priv-
-ilege is made, retroactive.
No fees relating to pre-emptions- are
due, or payable by soldiers oh pre-emptions recorded   after  June  26,    1918.
Taxes' areremitted for five years.
.   Provisions for .return. of moneys ac- '
crued, due and been paid since August
4,1914, on account of payments, fees or .
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions.
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted from enlistment to March 31st, 1920,
Provision  made  .for. insurance    of.
Crown   Grants   to  sub-purchasers   of
Crown Lands, acquiring rights from "
purchasers who failed to complete pur-    _.
chase, involving forfeiture,��� on fulfill-,
ment of conditions of purchase, interest
,and--taxea'.-:";Where -sub-purchasers do���~
notclaim whole of origihalparcel, pur-.
chase'price due and taxes may be dis-    -
tributed . proportionately-1  over  whole   .
area.   Applications must, be - made by
May V1920.      -'.    7- >    V.
-.; -CRAZING  ';- \    ;   V
;:   Grazing Act, 1919; for systematic de-   ;
velopment oriives|ock   industry  pro-- 7
vides for. grazing. districts aud range
administration'   under' Commissioner.
Annual grazing. permits issued, based
on numbers ranged; priority for estab-.
Hahed owners. Stock owners may form
Associations for  range, management/.
Free, '.or partially   free,\Tpermits7-for
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten
head. .= .7 - "  '"" .- 7 ::"-       .   .: "'-���
' 'l
The Mitieral Province of Western
��� V\:;V):{y:/y
Has produced Minerals valued aa follower;. Placer Gloid, $76,542,208; Lode-       *
Gold, 8109,647,061; Silver, 859,814,266; Lead *5l,8lOr891; Copper, $170,723,242-,  7
Zinc,   S24,G25,853; Miscellaneoaa Minerals, $1,358,889; Coal and Coke,"$238,- - :
289.5G5; BuildingVStone,^^ Brick, Cemen*, etc,^ $36,605,942, making -Its MineralVy
Broduction to the 'end-.of 1922 ebow      ..".'���''.   .: ?V 7-V :
;���   Att. ���7A^regate^Value:7;Of :$769Rir8,462-V;:V7vv.:7V>;
far tbe Year Endiaefiecefflbe^
The  Mining   Laws of fchls Province are mor^ liberal, and the fees lower, VV
Shan fchose of any otherprovince in the Dominion^ or any Colony in the British
Empire. ���.-...'���-���*.       'V.  . *"'      V .'���....��� .'
Mineral locations are granted feo diseoverera for nominal fees,
.Ibsolnte  Titles are  obtained  by developing snch properties, the security
of which is guaranteed by Crown Grants,
Fnli information, together with Mining Bepk>rta and Maps, m&j be obtained
gratis by addressing���
v V       " VICTORIA, British CdiamMaL


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