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The Ledge Aug 23, 1923

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Array -���V-vv-'""''V'-'V^v^w^;^
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���iri!Lar7 OLDEST   MINING  CAMP  NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Vol.   XXX.
GREENWOOD, B. 6., THURSDAY, AUGUST 23,' 1923.
No. 5
��� ; Just received a large shipment of
McClary's
Enamel, Tin and   Galvanized  Ware
Consisting of
Double Boilers 3 sizes, Steamers 4 sizes, Stew Pots, Kettles, Milk
Strainers; Collanders. Pails, Wash Basins, Dish Pans, Wash Tubs,
Wash Boilers, Sprinkling Cans, Etc..
We carry Earthinware Crocks suitable for preserving eirsrs in
t. M. GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28L.
GREENWOOD. B.C.
X��^|��
ft*
xx: \Z2
Ksr
NOTICE
Having purchased the interests of R. Lee/in the well
known firm of Lee & Bryan, the new management would
respectfully solicit a continuance of the same liberal patron- ���
age as received in the past and we feel sure that with courteous: treatment and.fatr prices we will not oulyretain our
old customers but merit much new. trade.
,        A fresh supply of Groceries,   Fruits'and  Vegetables
always in stock.
GREENWOOD  GROCERY
W. H. & A. BRYAN, Props.
PHONE 46
^uauiuiuaanauiiiaaaaiaaaaiUiaiiuuaauuiUiiuius:
i   ���;
f-i-
r-- '
IS
School   Supplies
Of all Descriptions
AT
GOODEVE'S   DRUG   STORE
1,7
i-."y
Marmalade Season is Here
Try Our-
Orange and Pineapple Marmalades
and Bramble Jelly
TAYLOR a. JENKIN
PHONE 17. GREENWOOD  \
�� - - - i��
INDEPENDENT  MEAT MARKET
We carry only the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A trial will convince you
���J
*   ,====��� ���-���7 7 *
ft   JOHN MEYER - Proprietor |
Greenwood  Theatre
Friday & Saturday, Aug. 24th & 25th
for
Summer
New
Fit-Reform
Samples for Suits
and Styles
W. Elson & Co
So Cfcange iti: Prices.
;9 RsetS;
Commences at 8.15 p.m.
DANGE After The Show Oil Friday
COLLECTION ,fO  BE TAKEN   AT'DANCE '
REFRESHMENTS SERVED IS  KEKKEBY'S OLD STORE
FIRE
FIRE
FIRE
CHARLES   KING
Real Estate.    ~        ���
Fire,  Life Insurance
Licensed by B. C. Government
Accident & Sickness Insurance"
AUCTIONEER
���   Auction off your surplus Stock
Gall at my Office and see. me in
reference to any of above
SALE  of   MILLINERY
Half Price
Commencing June 2S, a Sale.of. my
present stock-of Millinery, at Half.
Price, will be held.     Prices and
stock will please'
.   Mrs. Ellen Trounson
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge
��� Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw. B. A.
.Greenwood
Services Sunday. August 26th
Greenwood. 7,30 p.m.
Picked Apples For Sale
50c in your own boxes.    T. A.
Clark, Midway.
For Sale
Apples 7Sc. per box.
Drag   saw,   7  h. p. Fairbanks
gasoline engine.
R. Forshaw,
Phone 7L, Greenwood.
Notice
Dr. O. M. Graves, Dentist, will
be in Ferry, Wash., the first 8
days ol every month.
NOTICE
To
GOTTLIEB STUCK!,
of Riley iu the State of Wisconsin, one of
the United States of America, Farmer,
And tc all others whom it may concern:
3Vi_, Leu.fried' Pnitiii.tnii. of Greenwood in
tlic'nistrict of Yale, and Prowuce of Itritisli
Columbia, and John Portmann, of Xsc1io1m.i_
Cieek in said District, Farmers, HKREI1V
GIVE YOU NOTICE that we demand payment
of the sum of Three Thousand Five jJu.id.eil
Dollar*, aiul interest thereon at the tate of
Eiirht per centum iier annum from the First ilav
of November. A. 1). 19M, and the sum of $72.25
(being' taxes paid by u_> in respect of tiie lands
hereinafter mentioned, and iire. insurance on
tlie buildings thereon) due to us the said Leut-
fried Portmaun and John Poitiuann upon a
certain Indenture of Mortiraire executed hy vou
Gottlieb Stuck! aud Jo_,ef Itusniann and {ViccI-
ricli Berchtold to us. and dated the First day
of June, A. 13. 1915, and -which Mortjjaire was
reKihtcictl.iu the.I/and Reyihtiy Office for,&ai<l
District of Yale on tlie 2nd day of September,
1915, as Number 4273E. for securing payment of
Tlitcc Tliousaud Five Huudicd Dollars, am!
ituerest thereon at the rate of Eight per centum
per aimuiu as therein mentioned, ou tlie following property, iiauielv-:^ . .... ' ������
-"- ATCIVaTCD SINGUI/AR that'certaiH X?.ir-
. "eel or Tract of fraud -and premises situate,
���lvintr, and lving in the SimUkarr.con Division
of tlie District; of Yale, in-the Province bf
British Columbia,- aiid "more --"particularly
. known-and' described as. r,ot Seven hundred
anil eiirhty-fotir-S (7:.4S.-iu Group One (1),"
according'to the Official-Plan", or Survey, pf
Kaid Siiuilkameeu Division of said District'of
- Yale:..," : . -'. . 7 "' "���,, ' ' v" "���
" AND-wliicir Morttra^e moneys, interest,
taxes land" insurance., you.- by .two" Indentures,
dated respectively April 3rd," 1916 and March
Sth, 1917. andiiia'de -between- I'riedricii lierch-
lold ami Josef."Ilusiii.iiui; and yourself, and
Josef; ilHSiiianii and ..yourself, "you-Gottlieb
Stucki coveiiamed'and atrreed to pay:. ���' -"
' > AND TAKE NOTICE that unless payment
of the Mori>ratri. moneys, ami interest", "taxes,
.insurance." costs and expenses be made within
ONE MONTH .from the date". of the first publication' of this .Notice," We,"t.he said I_euifricd'
Portmann.and John .Portntaiin will, proceed
with or. without any consent or concurrence on
your part, and 'without any- further" notice to
you. to enter' into 'jxissessioit of the" said lands,
and preini-.es, aiid shall sell and absolutely'dis-
jkvsc of the said lands aiid premises "by.-Public
Auction in front of tlie Court House.iii.the City,
of Greenwood in said District of -SMc. on Saturday-the fiidtiU day of September?A. D71923;
at the hour of Eleven o'clock.- in- the. foretioou,
either-for cash, or upon--such terms of-credit as
we the said Slortjrafrees may .think proper, and
convey, and.assure tlie same, when sold, unto
the' Purchaser, thereof, as we'shall. direciVor
appoint.- . ���.'���'".   -  :������   X-        - '--.
Dated'at Greenwood .in said .District of Yale
in I>"ritish^��oluml")ia t_ii's2sth'dav of Jiilv7A.D.
l'.'JS. . <     ���    . "     .
L'EUTFRIED PORT7MANN,
JOHN PORTMANN.
by their Solicitor
ISAAC H. HALLETT,
The Provincial Police have
posted up notices to automobile
owners and drivers re equipment,
number plates, headlights, spotlights, tail lights etc.. Any person found ou the public highways
violating the Motor Vehicle. Act
will be prosecuted without further
notice,   ..-   ������,        .. 7-. -- ��� <.
Paragraphs of Local Interest
One of-the nicest courtesies you can show your friends is to let them learn through
this column of your visit whenever you go away. Let us lUMK when 'you have visitors
at your homes. The Ledg-e will consider it a courtesy whenever you give us an item
of this kind.   "Write or phone 29L.
Dan McGill is spending a few
days in the Slocan.
T. Jenkin is on "a business trip
to Chewelah, Wash;
Mrs. H. McGillvray and family
have moved to Nelson.
Mrs, Cross, of Trail, is visiting relatives in this city.
Place your order7 for Fall Rye
now.    Brown's, Midway.
Miss Phemia McMillan, of
Trail, is the .guest; of Mrs. M.
Axam. V
Service will be held iu St.
Jude's Church next Sunday at
7.30 p.m. .
Hedley W. Rendell, piano
tuner, of Nelson, is spending a
few days in town.
Miss Daisy Axam is spending
a holiday in Penticton, the guest
of Miss AgnesXove.
Mr. and Mrs. J, Burman, of
Vancouver, are the guests of Mr.
and Mrs. J. McD. Reid.
F. C. Hurst and eldest son have
gone to Copper Mountain where
Mr. Hurst is employed.
Mrs. Silas Smith has returned
to her home in Blakeburn after
a few days in our midst.
Mr. and Mrs. George Boag and
family left on Sunday for a few
days visit to New Denver.
Mr. and Mrs. V. Biner and Miss
Mary Biner, of Christina, were
visitors to town on Monday.
Walter Haw, of Grand Forks,
was the guest of Mr. and Mrs. E.
F. Keir for a few days this week.
^ Miss G. Griffith,: of Grand
Forks, -is spending �� few days
with Mrs. ~EJ. Madge at Rock
Creek.
Improvement are to be made to
the Court House. The building
will be painted and a.^ence built
around the lawn.
Wm. Henderson, inspector of
Public-Buildings, was in town on
Saturday. He was accompanied
by Mrs. Henderson. v
Jack McKellar has takena
lease on the Wellington on Wallace Mountain . and has commenced operations.
Cecil Blampin arrived in town
on Friday from Cranbrook and
is spending his holidays here the
guest of Mr. and Mrs. G. S. Walters.'
W. North, of the Bank of Montreal at Kimberley was renewing
acquaintances in town for a few
days before proceeding to the
xpast.fpr;,.a..holiday.
E. A. Wanke has purchased
A.-C, Mesker's car and intends
leaving this week- on "a tour-of
the Slocan accompanied by his
brother H. L. Wanke.    -,"
"' Noel Butler, teller in the Bank
of Commerce left yesterday morning . on a two weeks vacation to
Vancouver., He is being relieved
by G. Hurrell, of Vancouver. -
Mr. and Mrs. E. Madge and
family and Mr. and Mrs. J.
Madge and family pf Rock Creek,
are leaving for a two weeks holiday, travelling by car-to Salmon
Arm. and other points.
Hunting Big Game in Africa
will be the big' attraction at the
Greenwood Theatre this Friday
and Saturday nights. Dance on
Friday night. (Refreshments
served in Kennedy's old stand.
G.*.T, Fenner, the travelling
barber, will be at the Rock Creek
hotel every Thursday afternoon
and evening and at Midway
Hjotel, Midway, on Friday afternoon and evening of each  week.
V-No.service was. held in the
Presbyterian Church on Sunday
owing to the illness of Rev. W, R.
Walkinshaw who contracTed a
severe attack of la grippe. It is
expectedthat service will be held
as usual next Sunday evening,
;;:Iiiithe;Police Court at Midway
bn'August 16th, before John R.
Ferguson and W.' H. Norris,
Justice's of the Peace, Edward
LfEutard, of Carmi, was fined $10
arid costs for cruelty to animals,
shooting and wounding a collie
dog.
Mrs. W. H. Docksteader and
daughter, Velva, returned on
Thursday last after several weeks
vacation spent at Merritt and
Vancouver, She waa accompanied home by Mrs. Harry Rae, of
Vancouver, who spent a few days
[here before proceeding to Nelson,
Doc. Goodeve's car was burned
to ashes at -11 30 on Wednesday
night near the fill'just north of
town. The fire was caused by a
short circuit and the flames leaped so rapidly that'it was 'only a
few minutes before the car was a
complete wreck. Jas. McCreath
was driving the car at the time.
The Scouts and Cubs will go
to camp at last years camping
site for six days next week.
Douglas Cavaye, of Trail, is ex-
pected-to arrive on Sunday and
will be in charge of the camp.
The advance guard will go out
on Saturday and bring all the
parapheralia and grub needed.
The committee are asked to meet
with the Scouts in the Fire Hall
at 7 30 p.m. on Friday night.
Robt. Lee has disposed of his
interests in the well known grocery firm of Lee & Bryan, who
have been conducting a successful business'lfor quite a number
of years.- W. H. aud A. Bryan
are now the sole proprietors; who
hope for the same liberal patronage as received in the past. It is
pleasing to.note that Robt, Lee
will remain in Greenwood and
intends going in for mining and
prospecting.
W. H. Docksteader has transferred his mail carrying contract
to. I*.; G.' Putzel. Mr. Docksteader exchanged the mails between the G. N. Station at Midway and Greenwood until it was
discontinued and also between
the C.P.R; station and the local
post office for many years and
during all that, time has the
record of never losing any mail
bag andgiving very satisfactory
service. No matter the condition
ofthe roads or the state ofthe
weather Mr. Docksteader always
managed to make connections.
A bath and a shave and clean
linen were magic healers ior
tired soldiers during the great
war. , In fact the - world never
fully appreciated before the
amazing virtues of pure water,
good soap and a nice clean shave.
A week of stubble gone carries
away with it a load of weariness,
fret and dispondency. It is said
that a woman can never know
this bliss till she gets, to glory,
and perhaps not even then, but
possibly nature has provided some
compensations. And then a bath
after a sweaty August day, and
the clean things, make us feel
that this old world isn't a bad
place ' to live in after all.' So
with plenty of good soap and
nice, water we are able to get
much pleasure out of life in spite
of sultry weather.
The sequel to the Kingston-
Putzel auto collision at the corner _ of_ Copper ..and _Greenwood
Sts. - on Sunday morning, Aug.
12th was an arbitration case to
decide damages. The arbitrators
were" His Honor J. R. Brown.
Chie���� Frsfser and P. H. McCurrach, who heard both sides at the
Court House on "Monday .night.
Dr. Kingston admitted that he
was on the wrong side of the
road but cfaiujed that. L. Putzel
did not. have any headlights.
On the other hand L. Putzel
swore positively that he had his
lights burning and that he did
his best to avoid a collision. It
was shown that it would cost
from $300 to $350 to repair
Putzel's car. After listening to
all the evidence tbe arbitrators
awarded-L. Putzel $200 for damages.
The Ledge has-always, room
for one more ad.
The Late Robert Wilson
Coal Output Large in July
Figures just issued by- Hon.
Wm. Sloan, minister of mines,
show thai the coal output -for July
was 26,649 tons "greater than for
Jaue.<_ Tbe total output of all
coal mines in British Columbia last
month was 212,000 tons.
The strictest supervision and encouragement are being furnished,
by the department. Marketing
facilities are better and working
conditions in the mines have occupied a great deal of the minister's attention tbis summer.
Card of Thanks
W. C. Wilson wishes to express-his sincere appreciation of
the many kindnesses shown him
during the recent illness of his
father, and^to thank the many
friends who donated the beautiful
floral tributes.
An old and highly respected
pioneer in the person of Robert
Wilson died on Friday evening at
the home of Mr. and Mrs. E. Lund
on the Midway road, where he had
been staying for the past few
weeks. He had been failing in
health for some time and the end
was not unexpected. He was a
man of excellent habits, fine moral
character, and sturdy constitution,
and he continued to be active in
his pursuits till long past the age
at which men drop out of the rank
of workers. To this end there ie
no doubt that his sunshiny disposition largely contributed. His
cheerful spirit remained with him
to the last, and he retained his
clearness of intellect to bis closing
days.
Born in Yorkshire, England, in
1842 he emigrated to Canada 50
years ago. He was married to
Mips Annie Johnson of Woodstock,
Ont., who predeceased him 28
years ago in Vancouver and his
daughter Mrs. Stabba died a few
years ago in  BaBhaw, Alta.
The late Mr. Wilson opened a
stove and implement business in
Hamilton, Ont., soon after his
arrival in this country. ��� In 1880
he moved to Brandon, Man., where
he had a large hardware business
which he conducted till 1892 when
he went to New Westminster, moving to Vancouver in'1894 and from
there went to Nelson in 1896. He
opened a hardware store in Greenwood in 1899 and afterwards was a
customs broker and 15 yearB ago
entered the custom services which
position he held until eighteen
months ago when he retired from
active life. He was one of a family of eleven children. He is survived by one brother in Providence,
R.I., and his eon William C.
Wilson, of Greenwood.
When he died, full of years and
ready to be gathered to his fathers,
the grief that waB felt over the
close of his long career was widespread aiid sincere.
He was an active member of the
Anglican church and exemplified
by his pure and noble life the
teaching? of the golden rule.
. The funeral was -held on.- ?��on-
day frouTfeEe* Undertaking Parlors
to the Anglican Church where services were held by Rev. E. A. 8t.G.
Smyth. It wag largely attended
and many floral wreaths were on
the casket. Interment took place
fn the English Church- cemetery.
The pallbearers were: Jas.. McCreath, Jas. Kerr, John Desrosiers,
Emil Lund, G. B. Taylor and Jas.
Faton.
Kettle Valley Notes
Mrs. T. N. Walker has returned
from a visit to Penticton.
J. O. Thompson is building an
addition to H. Whitings residence.
Mrs. Arthur Roberts is spending
a month's holiday with Mrs. Reed
at Vancouver.
> "There will be Service in the
Anglican- Church on Sunday -the
26th at 11a.m.
H. Douglas Hamilton is -now
convalescent and will be returning
from Vancouver shortly."
The storm of last Satnrday assumed cloud burst proportions near
Myncaster and did a large amount
of damage to the standing grain in
the neighborhood.   '
The local office of the B. C.
Telephone Co. has lately been remodelled and bronght right up to
date. Tbe whole of the alterations
were carried oat with practically
no inconvenience feo subscribers.
Jack Warrington had the misfortune- to trip over - some loose
boards and shoot himself with a
.22 in the hip. He was taken to
Grand Forks Hospital and the
bullet extracted by  Dr. Kingston.
It- has been .suggested that the
K. V. R. should be asked to' erect
some sort of shed on thc Kettle
Valley platform for the convenience
of passengers on the early morning
train and also to protect express
and freight.
South Okanagan Land
The government, through Hon.
T. D. Pattullo, minister of lands,
will shortly place on the market
additional acreage in South Okanagan reclamation district. Already
nearly ail the land sold there,
lands bronght under water by the
government, are under cultivation,
and the magnificent crops reaching
the market are a striking testimony to the wisdom of undertaking this project.
Boy Scouts
_ ,
-Troop   meets   on   Friday   at
7:30 p.m. ia the Fire Hall,
Communications
Carmi-Kelowna Road
Carmi, B.C., Aug-. 21st, 1923.
Editor Thu I^edge,
Sir:   ���
I am writing- you to call
your attention to the importance of the
proposed extension ofthe wagon road
from Carmi to Kelowna, which will
make, what I believe to be, the most
important piece of road that could be
built in the Province.
By building- about 23 niiles of road,
following- the Old Toat Road from
Carmi to the Summit, to connect with
the road now built from the Summit to
Kelowna, about 24 miles; making- the
distance from Carmi to Kelowna about
47 miles. This proposed road would
make the most direct route from the
South and East, through Greenwood,
Midway and Rock Creek, to as far
North as Fort George; being over ��0
miles shorter from Rock Creek to
Vernon than the present route via
Osoyoos; and the roadbed would be
better and the grades easier. It would
also eliminate the necessity of using
the ferry at Kelowna to get to Vernon
and other points, thereby avoiding the
inconvenience and delay which are n.
formidable handicap to North bound
travellers via the Okanagan route.
Now, Mr. Editor, I think the people
of the Greenwood District should get
together and boost for this road. Let
everyone consider himself a committee
of one and try to get some work done
in this District that will give us our
just share of the Tourist travel from
the South and East; this proposed road
would do it.
The people of Kelowna and Vernon
are thoroughly aroused, over the importance of the road and have just sent
a delegation from the Board of Trade
arid City Council .over the proposed
route, following the Old To4t Road to
Carmi. arriving in Carmi, Wednesday
last. While here they expressed strong
approval of the project.
X' ��� We of this District,, should rustle
out our forces and back up 'the efforts
of the Kelowna and Vernon people to
get the Government in line to provide
the money to accomplish this work; i.e.
the Dominion Government to furnish
40 p.c of the cost, a.nd the Provincial
Government 60 p.c. Now, Mr. Editor,
I-Jjope -you will - give thia^ycur^tfiarfc^
*_f-r-T__".T-+  _.�� "v ��..-*..1*1   _��__.��^-��.!*.*.**  %&?-��.�� ���
sctpport, as it would certainly' enng" a., ;j.
lot of traffic through this District which
the shorter route  would  invite,   and
which we will not get without it.
Give the project a new start and
keep on shouting until it is pushed
through to a finish. It is worthy of
our best efforts.
Very truly yours,
JAMES C. DALE,
Petty Tricks
Boundary Falls, Aug. 22nd.
Editor Thb Lsnes,
Sir: r
Through the columns of
your paper, I would like to say a few
words to the person or persons, who are
in the habit of entering buildings and
making away with articles that do not
belong to them. Among the many
articles missing, from my premises are,
a._pair _of field, glasses,, one .monkey,
wrench, razors, one cow bell, one dinner
born, etc.
Now Mr, Editor the .actual value of
these articles would not break the Bank
of Commerce or the" Bank of Montreal,
"in fact" it wont break me, but its the
inconvenience and aggravation that
hurts. If boys are guilty of such petty
tricks, it would surely come to the
knowledge of their parents, Who, if
they do their duty would see that tlie
goods were returned.
On fishing trips, hunting, or outing
of any kind, I extend a welcome' to all,
who want to take shelter from the sun or
rain storm, etc., but please leave property
as you see it, If the door is opened to
gain entrance, close it when you get out.
Be "good honest sports boys and you
will not regret it later in life.
Thanking you in advance Mr. Editor
I am
Sincerely yours,
J. C, CASSELMAN.
U. F. Picnic at Midway. .
Labor Day, Sept. 3rd
Big time in store for all who attend the TJ. F. Picnic at Midway
on Labor Day, Sept. 3rd. There
are splendid gronnds and convenient "places. Good roads from all
parts of the country, thus you will
see there is not a reason why every
person, his family and their friends
should not spend a day's outing at
Midway on Sept. 3rd.  ,
Boost! . Boost! Boost! Everybody and then some. It is the'
desire of the U. F. to make this a
large and enjoyable and mamorable
occasion. So come from* every
spot in the Boundary and leave all
yoar cares behind. Don't forget
the day, Monday, Sept. 3rd,
Meet me at the U. F. Picnic,
Meet me at the grove;
Don't forget the date, old pal
And to otfaei places rare. y
THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD.     B.     0.
Something  People  Should  Know, Surgeons Reconstruct Child's Face
IneloDacco of Quali by
f^ LB.TINS
and in packages
Steering With
Wireless
Scientist   Predicts   Day   When    Radio
Will Direct Everything Movable
Under the heading, "Coming of the
Wireless Age," a British scientist contributes a striking article to a London
newspaper, ln which lie predicts thai
wireless will be used in the near l'u
ture for directing ships at sea, train
and trolley services, traflic control on J
the road, fleets ot battleships and aircraft, "it will be possible," he says,
"to direct (lie path of everythinc
moving on the surface of the earth,
not even excepting human being, by
means of wireless."
The initial step in harnessing this
potent arid Iktle known force was
the establishment some weeks ago of
p. wireless lighthouse on Inchkeiili
Island, in the Firth of Forth. By
means of this "lighthouse," ships can
be directed through the dangerous
channels of the Firth my wireless, so
that there is no possibility of. their
running-7asj]brai -' or'Weing^V'yvVecked':
teven^bji. the7'da;rRes:V,^ighfe7or7i.n7.ahe^
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transmitted to Ongar, the big operating station in England.
The whole 2,000 miles of flight will
be directed by wireless.
First  "Pram"  Built In  1780
Fifth
��;He
'per-
un-
Constructed    for    Daughter    of
Duke of Devonshire
Although there are three million
baby carriages���popularly known as
"prams"���in this country, the history
of the industry has never been told.
This was remarked by Samuel J.
Sewell, who gave a Jecture on the
subject at the Society of Arts,
said he regarded the names
ambulator" and "bassinette" as
satisfactory.
Perambulator was derived from
"ambulan," meaning to walk
through or over, and would be better applied to the person who wheeled
the vehicle. "Bassinette" Vas a
French word, meaning a cradle made
of wicker.
ln 17S0 the first "pram" was built,
for Geoi'gina Dorothy Cavendish,
daughter of the fifth Duke of: Devonshire. Two were constructed by a
coachnialieiv-and" both;were .still' preV
served'-an Chalsworth; V ' - --'-���': ' '���
���" 'itvwas;an .interesting"'question, ;TS>
markcd.-Mr-; S"ewe!l7 "wliafV became ,. of,
the" 50,000" "prams" '; discarded "every
year:' ' Filly per cent'.Twere -undoubtedly renovated,.but tlie- destination, of
ilie remainder.-was not. unconnected;
perhaps','.'-with '" the.soap-box iriotoi's
w'-hicii. were'ihe deliglitof.boys.-" . .'
; B;C.  Mines  Progressing   ;
Rapid" Development Is, Reported By
,',."������' .Inspector of.'Mines '--- :";-������.'
> -Mining ."."developments.- -in' -"territory
served/by-1 lie .Canadian:,National'Railways"'-In- Central-British; Columbia -are
progressing .. more , ra'pidly.'now iliac
over- before, 'T. J.' Shpnton.Vfnspecf or
of. Mines,, states.. .. -A large amount of,-
development. work-;has. taken place 'tin-
.property 'situated' in-, the. Telkwa-and
Sniirhers- districts', also-'in the neigh-
bo'rhoo(l..of Terrace and Usjc    -���    '
Sixth Year Tooth Is Permanent and
Cannot Be Replaced
"Tell the public;" Thai is what
Dr. Mustard, health officer of Preston County, YV. Ya., wants to do. Recently the Preston County Department
of Health announced that the children
of the county were short on six-year
molars; and the editor of the Presion
County Journal dropped around io the
health oflicer's to find out what a six-
year molar was. Tills is how he tells
the story:
YVhen we asked the doctor about
molars he plunged into a corner and
emerged with a diagram of the teeth
of a six-year-old child.    "^
"The six-year molars," he said, "are
the first permanent teeth a child gets.
You, like most parents and some dentists, probably think lhat "-'first" applies only to the first milk teeth. This
is incorrect.
"Look at this diagram. Start at
the space between the middle teeth j
and count backward. The first five
teeth are temporary; the sixth is the
first of the permanent teeth; it is called the sixth-year molar because it
comes at about six years of age. Note
thai, there are four of these, one on
either side of the lower jaw and two
just above them in the upper jaw.
"Didn't know that tooth was permanent did you? Lots of people
don't. Persous who don't know,
think, it is a temporary tooth, nor
does any other tooth ever take its
place.     YVhen it goes it goes forever."
"Well," we asked, "won't it be
stronger than the temporary teeth and
last longer?"
"It may or it may not." answered
the doctor. "It's a large tooth, but
its upper surface has a lot of pockets
which invite decay unless the tooth is
kept clean and unless the child is
! properly fed."
"Properly fed?", we asked.
. "Exactly," replied the doctor. Children can't grow as they should unless
they are properly fed. Their bones,
including their teeth, will be chalky;
and chalky teeth decay quickly. Moreover, six-year molars come just when
the temporary teeth are decaying.
Rot in teeth spreads like rot in a barrel of apples; and the molars, particularly if they are chalky, stand no
more chance in a mouth full of rotting
teeth than a snowball in���July.
"Some of them are allowed to decay
along with the temporary teeth and
others are pulled by parents or by officious neighbors because 'they are
only milk teeth.'" Dr. Mustard was
waxing indignant.
We were indignant too! "How can
we help?" we asked. "The public
ought, to know aboul-iliis,\and'.we
want to .do bur share." -.-   7 7.V ; V" --
."Use,youV paper,'.' pried'the.doctor,
'enthusiastically..- _'"Teil-'em"once.;toll
-'em- - "twice; . vtoil . 'em ��� over and over
again.'- Tell each'mother',to examine
hei-.child's "nibuthand- count; back i.b
the sixtlr tooth,. ';.Te'ir"'em .if it's, decayed'.to hurry."that", child to.--tlie den:
list., ;; Tell -eni that bnce7gon'e;-a six-
year molar' is gone' -forever;, and that
these, molars are alVas important to
the. mouth" as;a keystone ."��� is. to an
arch.. -Tell ,'e'nr not to'allow six-year
molarsUo.be. pulled even if" they "are
decayed, ; unless, the "dentist-insists���
and to-'be-ihiglHy.sur'e.tliathe. is- it real
dentist X',". ,.Xy, X:')Xf'- X JX-. W-
.' So." we're -,- telling.- them'���tliat-.is.
Y6u.;   WW-' "X '-"-\ '.-Xy 'Xx-
Cooked Meal'On Boiling Lava
���. -.During.the recent-ertipiioiroNMouiK-
Etria.a Sicilian peasant dug:a .hole ih
the outer- crust'"of the cooling lava un-
fi.l .lie-reached'..the'-almost' boiling, lava
b'elow: "7He'-lowered, a pan.filled-with
water,"..'Whi<_h was thus heated''"to;:a
point.-where.Jt'could cook. food. He
then-proceeded' to. prepare, a-meal for
.himself.and"other refugees. . :   ----. .:.-_
UNLESSxyou s^ihe/name; -"Bayer"vpnMablets, :you^
xVr-V--Vyyy-'are;n9*-getiihg Aspirin'.at all..;;:������;V ���' --'_ /;-- '.
Little California Girl's Appearance
Transformed By Operation
Twelve years ago a little girl was
born into the woild with a peculiarly
queer face; in fact so queer that other
children tormented her by calling her
"funny face."
By the skilfof the surgeon's knife,
the child's appearance was transformed so that she will resemble her playmates.
Beulah Sterling, aged 12, waif, lay
on the operating table, at the Ambassador Hotel, Los Angeles, for three
and one half hours.
As a result of the surgical feat, Beu-
'lah's cleft palate was drawn together
and the mouth and face entirely reconstructed. In several weeks a final
operation will be performed, and then
the little girl may mingle with other
children unashamed.
The second operation will require
the rempval of a part of one of her
ribs;' which will be placed in her
mouth to restore the proper contour
of her face.
The child has teen in a home for
mental defectives at Santa Monica
because of her peculiar appearance.
She. is even brighter than the average
child with her books and pencil, the
surgeons asserted.
. Is Globe Growing Smaller
Time Taken In Circling World Is
Getting Shorter
Judging the size of the world by the
time it takes to go around it, the world
is certainly growing smaller. The
trip round the world was first completed in 1522 by a single ship out of
five which set out under the command
of Magellan. This ship 'took three
years all but 14 days'? Drake did it
in six weeks less in 1580. Jules
Yrerne thought it might be done in 80(
dayS, and in 1889 an American journalist did it in 72 days. In 1913 another newspaper man went rqund the
world in 36 days. Alcock and Brown
crossed the Atlantic in 1919 in 16
hours 12 minutes, and at this rate an
aeroplane- journey round the ���vvoiid
could be made in seven days,-allowing,
one day for, stoppages.���From the
Sailor.
Messenger Shows
Devotion to Duty
Says  Flies  Hard  to  Kill
by
Public Admitted To
' Cardinal  Wolsey's  Rooms
Splendid Oak Panelling  Found  Under
Canvas on Walls
The rooms in Hampton Court where
Cardinal YVolsey paraded his magnificence 400 years ago have been thrown
open to the public for the first time.
They are almost in the same condition
as they were then, since only in the
early eighties was it discovered that
underneath the papered canvas then
covering the walls .lay thousands of
square-feet of splendid oak pan'elling:
YVlien the.suite was explored theong-
inal'fifeplace was found"with its brickwork still black from 7<-he. fire, which
warmed. Wolsey's- chamber for meetings/of'the cabal: '   .".. W ' ;-     -'77-7
Accept only an "unbroken package" of --'/Bayer Tablets of.
Aspirin/"' which Contains, directions" and dose "worked out by '.
phj'sjcians during 22-years and proved safe by millions for.
-;     Colds'. V :WV 7 Headache.. ')[". x Rheumatism iW;.
.7, ..Toothache- 77 V Neuralgia,. W-.;;V Neuritis V7;7 7. W-7t
7vW Earache ��� Vv.;. 7Lumbago).XX. yyPaip). PsJ.d:/WW
Handy;."Barer" boits'criS'teblets^AIso.TiettteB'of.Si' aiid lQO^-Cruggists.'
Aipln'n-.* the trade rharfcVr^eiEtfrsd !n Canada) of Bayer Manufacture 'of=3IoBO-.
aceli'cacidcster of Saifcyllcacid. While it is tt'II known that Aspirin means Bayer
raaniifacturf. to as?I��t.ttie publiciralnst Imitation*. tbe'Tablets of Bayir.Company ���
���wSll t* ctainpcd  wish; tt��lr g,ea*ral. tr��d�� marfe," tb* "Bayer Cross, 'yyy, -        -y ,r
Ninety   Per  .Cent.   Only  -Stunned
'-Blow's Says; Investigator - - '"
.- An. earnest- entomologist',-.'one- of
-those' erudite birds' who de'viote "their
lives to the enlargement of-the boundaries ..of-", scientific.-.-.-knowledge,^-has
madea remarkable discovery, about fly
swatting.' He." fays that .when. you.
swai.the house fly. (TNIusca doniesidcaj,
you, should..watch to ."see where 'it' fails,
and-then, stamp on it: [,-X -y' . "���_ .
.'Otherwise,- -."declares :"the;.--etomo-
logist;: Musea/dom'estiea" is '"very."likely
to return to consciousness and7live to
crawl on.ybuiVriose; tickle the-hack' of
your, ear,'.,Bite'.youJ on tlnV'bald' spot,
go .out for iiioad'of typhoid bacilli arid
come,;h"ohie to drown himself in^-the
cream-pitcher. - '-��� '."... ,"'- XXr.'; :'
After, stamping.-thoroughly-,on the.
prostrate' victim-;-the-entohiologist'con-
tinues, yoii^ should.".pick, him up, stick
liinv" onva. piece- of "flypaper/, sprinkle
edine.-"arsenic oyer .Jiim and -then' put
hi 111-. in--the- kitchen������ sink,. pour car:
boli'c acid oyer 'hini, and-���wash-him
-down the trap .with,boiling water.. -���'
' 'i'hat.. done, says" the. pi-ofessor, you
may wash yoin. hanils-.with'a.-feeling
of tolerable, eohndence that'you have
probably parted:forever.with.that par
tlcular specimen'.of - Slusca- domestica.-
It is extremely "unlikely, he-says, that-
the little��� fellow will-ever- annoy you.
again. He will have learned his lesson. - He will- keep away'.from tSou in
fuftui^>7;7 7y[X- :; V .-^7--'-.!'V;.:.'[""
..; But'Uhis'b'usiness -of. merefy - swatting, flies, let the corpses, fall where
they may, is not sufficiently discouraging to TViUMca domestics, the professor says. The swat may make him
see stars.- It may give him a terrible shock. - It' may break every bone
ih his body and deprive hirn of consciousness for five whole minutes^rand
every minute is a year in Musea's life
���but it-probably doesn't permanently
disable him, says the professor, nor
does it-.deter- him, .when-he recovers
the - use' of-'-.his".wings,. from buzzing
hack at.you7and shouting "Kamerad"
in -your ear.-';.---- -); 'XX y xy. : _, -yXy, y
China Is Moving Forward 7 -'.
Notecl - American Journalist' .'.Says
Country is "Rapidly-improving '".
The 'Japanese.are.the-Vflnest type of
gentlemen- in the; world,; according, to
Dr. Frank...-Crane, . noted -:-'American
journalist, Twho has been-'speuding the
past'three months ih the .Orient.
.The Chinese, in his opinion, are the
most"'naturally;.democratic peopje in
the.universe and', in. spile'of the-pres-
i'erit.'iurmdii', which/he- "considers only
superficial,,he'.is.-fully, convinced- after
a.'.;-cafeful,- survey- of the country that
Cliina-is--moving.forward."-- Banditrj-,"
he.declares, is only,the "Chinese manner of-going on'strike.;/-': Tlie handits:
themselves are not. criminals;.' they
are only men out" of 'jobs ' and- their
banditry does' not mean "anarchy in
China any "more, than-strikes spell anarchy in. Nety. York". -"  ". ,-.    .:'..--.._" ��� .
���-'7:'.Hpnor"Unknovyn Sojdlcr.7 ' .7
-':-The first incident of the Paiis-pro?
graiirime pf .the:-overseas"' teachers'
touring "party 7was . the e'erembny,' of
placing.a .wreath on the'"'grave of the
Unknown Soldier, buried beneath thy
Arc de Triomph.-, - The., wreath, coiis:
posed, of purple immortelle lilies,.-and
which' "bore- the names of^ three overseas Dominions- represented, was carried'at, the head of the procession of
teachers."'; Miss^. Leila McKnight,,'.of
Winnipeg, .represented- Canada; ..Miss
Helen Itule", Australia;-and;Miss'_6}len
Smith, New Zealand.-.-, AH three girls
iost'brothers, in'the Great, WaiW ,',���"���'
Native    of    South    Africa    Undertook
Journey Without Question
N'ot many people on this continent
have heard of the Wanyamsvezi, one
of the many tribes of South Africa.
Yet, a man of this black tribe showed
a- faithfulness, courage and devotion
to duty of which few men of any race
are capable.
The story of his exploit was told by
Mr. W. D. Bell in Country Life. He
had left his home --to hunt for elephants, leaving his ranch and catttle
to be cared for by the YYanyasmvezi
servants. His mail was to be forwarded by the district commissioner
and for some weeks he had duly received it.
On the arrival of a new commissioner, who had not heard of Mr. Bell's
absence, one of the caretakers, an
elderly man, went to make his report.
The oflicial handed him the letters,
telling him to take them to his master.
The old man, says Mr. Bell, took
the letters without a word. Though
he knew that he had a journey of
six hundred miles before him, he
went straight back to the ranch nnd
prepared to follow me into country
much of which was quite unknown.
Being a thrifty old soul���he was
then 65 years old���he had a large
stock of dried smoked beef from
cows that had died. His preparations,
therefore, were soon made. An. inveterate snuff taker, he had only to
grind up a good quantity of tobacco,
and he was ready for the journey.   '
Shouldering his rifle and carrying
the packet of letters cunningly guarded against wet, he set off through the
wilderness and headed due north.
Sleeping by night alone by his camp
fire and travelling the whole of the
day, he came wandering through what
to almost anyone else would have been
hostile tribe after hostile tribe; countries where, if I sent at all, I sent, at
least five guns as escort he came
through without trouble. So sublimely unaware was he of any feeling
of nervousness and so bold and confident was his bearing that nothing
happened. He chose the routes that
led through the most populous centres; he did not dodge along neutral
zones between tribes as a nervous
man would haye done. Wherever he
���\vent he slept in the largst village and
demanded the best of everything.
J EventiJaliy he reached me with the
letters. He walked into camp as if
he had left it only five minutes before,
and he still had smoked beef and
snuff.". .- - _     ���
The Fast of Ramzan
Mahomrr.edans   Keep   One   Day. More
-    . Strict Than Lent( . ,
'' If the average person is asked what
is.the greatest.fast in the British,Empire, hc would naturally say "Lent."
��� -But.he! would be. wrong, fbr'it.is a
startling,: if little known fact, .that the
Empire contains7 more-. Mahommeda'n
subjects than.Christian,"and."therefore
their-' Fast, of v-Ramz'ah, is entitled to
take, precedence.-   -'���        .-'-���.���   :
In- austerity- it.. far".'surpasses.the
Christian ,Lcnr, ori whicli it: is said: to
be hiotfelled-.'/.'-Mahommed brigin'ally
iritended to, relax tlie Christian ilight
and .day Lenten fast7-by, substituting
a.day fast only, but whereas' Lent has"
.lost its first .severity the-Ra'jhzan remains" in its original, form. -.- ., .
- Ramzan is'the ninth month ofHhe
lunar calendar, and-.the-'fast"is"kept
from .sunrise to sunset, when, neither
food nor" drink must' pass the. lips.
The'-lorlure;bf. such self-denial wheh-it
falls'in.-an .Indian ,-,hot.7-weather can
well be'.imagine'd.-- ' .- '"7 "
." By-using the lunar-calendar the-'fast
moves slowly round the cycle of-.the
year;- and' sb.'is-'unHke' our. Christian
festivals with then' regular- seasons.
It begins '������when' the new moon becomes
visible "and. lasts 7until. the next new
moon appears^ ..'.'���>. '��� -'"���--- ,'..
r-The " feast, (Id-Ul-Fitar) .''.celebrating,
the end of the fast brings, very great
relief, and-is a"bank7 holiday��� throughput..tlie East. -."." .-'���'--:"'-- -'"'".
- But* the-, great "night .of the fast'
comes.'just-before; on the .27 th nigh t-
T.his is the.Night,of Power, when"it is
said- that'v.the.tKoran comes .down to
men-from.Heaven. ." '���-.
.7 On '. that .-.night-"'it.is "held that the
whole - vegetable. rind.' animal.'- creation
bow; down to" adore God,,. arid .the
waters'of the ocean become sweet-for
a moment of-tinie.. .������     -.yy- " .- ;'���.
No.  10 Downing Street
of
British     Premier's     House     One
Pleasantest in London
No. 10 Downing Street, into which
Stanley Baldwin moved from the
house next door, is one of the most
comfortable houses in London, hnd
there are few women who would not
take a pride in being for some time
mistress of its fortunes, writes Reginald Pound in the London Daily Express.
The Pittsburgh millionaire who was
alleged not long ago to have cabled a
leading firm of London estate agents
offering a fabulous rent for No. 10,
"furnished or unfurnished, was exactly 200 years too late.
This famous house has not been In
the market since the lime when, following the death of its builder and
first owner, Sir George'Downing, Ambassador to Thc Hague and sometime
Secretary of the Treasury, it passed
into. ..the hands ot his grandson,
Charles Downing, who advertised it.
'"'to let" in the Daily" Courant.
-, The" house -was taken for a lime by
Baron Bothmar, the.Hanoverian.Minister, : on- whose .death it reVerte'd to
the. Crown, and ,-:was presented .'by
George",!I. to Sir RoB'ert-Walpple and
his successor in oflice ..as their.7 official residence.'-' "���"-. .7*. :.; ' ... '
.' A..7loiig line ;of. Prime-Ministers lias,
come .-.arid . gone since' then/but' the
drab-1'oeking".house- with-the shining
lion's head door knocker, the portico
lamp, and',the white.."front -step��� remains" substantially-'whatsit was when:
Horace^' Walpole wrote: a'diniringly, of
the view" of the park froin one "of-its
windows,- and;when; the Duke, of New-,
castle made his . famous . ejaculation;
''Gape Bieton an Island!.::... Gpd'.biess.
me! ." 1 must run-and tell the king!"
. In the" little, known garden of. No,
io,' Lortl^ T.'e"aconsfiekl-. took' his "morn-"
.ing 'airing',-, unaware,-quite probably,
that" lie' was- pacing", ground./which in
earlier" days;w.a's"lhe~site''-pf..the1 edek"
-pens;from' whicli.ilie.'b'irds.,were liberated-to fight in-the "adjacent famous,
cockpit.7 Gladstone used' to sun himself there-'and';play'"-with his grandchildren-���a perfect picture, of; a-, great
man in repose. ;-     ..������-_    . -   ���   ��� ���'
During the ���war.'the garden was encroached ori. .by . important - overflow
government" offices, in "which history
was-made, with a" dispatch that must
have' frightened away forever.": ihe
ghosts - of former occupants of the
house.- -- ��� ������      ��� ' ���������'.- .- -���   ���   -'��� ''      V -
Cotton   Growing   In   Egypt
Only 100 Years .Since Commercial
Variety Was Introduced
Cotton has been grown in Egypt
since 200 B.C., but it was not until a
hundred years ago that/Jumel, the
French engineer, suggested the introduction of the commercial varieties'.
In 1822 the famous American sea island cotton was first sown. .Five
years later a Brazilian variety was introduced. The two strains were mingled and from them came the famous
"Ashmouni" plant and the. still finer
"Mutafli," \yhich is one of the most
productive cottons in the world.
'High Yield Of Clover and Hay
An    unusual    high    yield of mixed
clover and alfalfa is reported by tho
Central Experimental Farm'at Ottawa,.,
over three; tons of cured hay per acre
being secured on a first cutting, with'
a  prospect' of an additional  ton  per
acre at a second cutting.     This compares with an average throughout Canada over"the years 1916 to .1920 of 1.55 .
Ions   of   hay   and clover nnd 2.40 of
alfalfa..' -    -    -     -
Vital...question: "Why are motorcyclists always iri such a hurry, and
what do they do .villi all the time they
save?",-^Nashville Tennesseam������' ;
. It.'Is""claimed,tliat-,' crows, eagles,
ravens . and swans.;"live lo- be" 100
years old.-' '"-    . '.-- ..'-'- .. ;���'   --"   '.,."��� ' 7
ECZEMA
, V- V"-    -    The Brute -   7.7 7   V-"'-
���;''My husband has:, no-sentiment." --"
'"" ."How dreadful!" '" V .;    ;.,.". 7 W '"
"Yes, I. can cry for hours' without
getting a penny'-out of. hirii."���Sydn.ey
BulleUn. ": .;   :-
-;-"'A"little':poker'now' and..then' is,apt
to break the'bestof men.- .���.*-'- "-':���:
Human speech calls   foi   th'e
cise of 44 different muscles.
exer-
��� .London's  famous-; law "courts . coi'er
five-���a'cre.s of-ground;and contain 750
icoms,.'--iiX X-X ;.-,_��� "7'���..., ��� "������;' .-'���--.,-:' >---
-THE OLD-
RELIABLE
Minard's-gets at the root of the
, trouble. Stops inflammation, deadens pain.
��� - Robert the Bruce-7
.'"-A little. 7more7thah a century ago
three .workmen- digging in' Dunfermline
Abbey;.Scotland,7e'ariie' upon -a vault'
cqntairiirig a body .-covered, wiih cloth,
bf.gold.under folds of sheet lead:.7The
breastbone was; found "sawn asunder.
It -was' the-body.''of King-Robert -the
Brucei whose- dying" request to have
his heart carried to the Holy Land had
been obeyed by, the Douglas...--There,
are. 19 ' royal .'graves -in7-DunferiiilIne
Abbey,, and-but for the murder"��� of
James-' I. at Perth, which caused .{lie
removal of the Court to Edinburgh,
Dunfermline might never' have yielded
place.'to Hblyrood. -*
You  uro not,.-
\ :cxp'eriin(_mt-.'-
ling   wlien ���
you  use 'Dr.  .
LL'liase'.s Oint- ���
. mcntv for.;._Eczpma and "Skin   Irrlta--
-tloiis.   It' relieves at onco and griidu---
alty heals tho sldn.    Sample box Dr.
Chase's  Ointment'free if yon'mention this
paper and send 2c. atomp for postage.   GOc.a'"-
-hox; ;illdea.lers or Edmanuon; Bates'& Co.,.
'Limited, Toronto: . ��� --      . '.   ���'
MONEY ORDERS
Wlieh ordering goods-by mail, send a Do--
minion Express Money ^Order".
Keep'Stomach and Bowels Right
By grlvinff baby the-harmless, purely
vegetable, infants'andflhildren'sresrulator.
MRS.WINSLOV!S SVRUP
- brings astonishing', gratify ing results;
'. in making  baby's stomach digest
food;and bowels move as
'.- they should at teething?
timc..Gunranteed-freo~, .
-frqm.barcotlcs, opt;.
"ates, alcohol and all"
harmful ingrcdi-'
cuts. Safe aad
satisfactory,
ti&AtAtl '
\DraggUt��
Germans Making "Scotch" Tweeds
Materials. Bearing British Names Are
"". V    7    r  Sold  In   England   -;
Although' only, five years'ago-her
own people were ., wearing clothing
made from1'paper,;- nettles and oilier
substitutes; Germany Js.now making a
boklbld for .the position o'f'Britain's
clothier. -; 7:7- ' . ;, ": -"-. -'-
���''��� Thousands of women in England are-,
liow 'wearing stockings and' other garments .made of.';silkemixtures iii' German factories'. Many'm'en iii England
are buying suits of materials-bearing
good-.'British names, which never saw"
a-Britishioom..- "77 7.V- *:',.; ���
' "The " Germans,;;^-said -ay" London
wholesale" cloth merchant, ."have, since
the war made, and sold in England,
a "Scotch, tweed." .
Daddy's Fault
The small boy had climbed on to
the table and his father told him to
get down, as he was sure he would
falh   .       -',..        '" . .  ���
The child took no notice and shortly afterward fell down. As- he was
crying he'said,between his sobe;
"Daddy, why didn^t ypu catch me?
You knevr I was going" "16 ..fall���you
Eaid eo." --W'-' '"- '-..   i-"":'
-��� Found Records Made In 1087
While, repairing-a temple hear Osaka which was built in 852, workmen found records made between
30S7 and 1120, giving the names of
sculptors, etc.- An expert of the Fine
Art. Institute is investigating>the records at the instance of the educational
department. . "
The    first   iced  "car'ran.7between
���Chicago and Xew York was in 1��S7.
V..V. .More Than a Diplomat
A real.diplomat is:.the shoe clerk
iwho.can eell a .young lady a. pair.
fof shoes..telling, her tb��t" threes are
���the size"7but six would look.better.���
t; CathaHnes Standard^:- ���"'
'A/so
. pocket
size
iWelt
worth
ctbo*.
. The brilliant h^id-���a
iband.of blue, tipped wiih
[ red���is ;- the "-mark by
which you can always
distinguish a MAl'LE
,LEaF A1ATCII.'"���.
. Tills distinctive head mean��.
' to you that tfoe matches are ..
-sure  and aafe���alwaya"
dejiendablt;���non-poisonous,
. no Blow, the kind rajs won':
gnaw���stronger and longer, .
jliffereiic and better.
Look for the hrad���a ��� hand
hfbluc. iipped'ia.'th red." It-la"
the symbol ef matclJ eicell-
ance.
TOECAKftOlAM JfiATCM.(��IJMi^^_���^iOKTS��*4.-
_i - -. :__    - ��.
;v.a
m
eq
m
-���^F-,rN/': iUyii0-
ggjjj^^p^Ka?^
*B^.T^*&n5W&?5&*&��?^^ ���" &
1
'S.:
Xi'':
���/
yrnxm
^TTT'R      LKDdE,      OP^XWOO!)
R'    0.
inancia
Suspend Payments
Ready io Compete
Toronto.���Owing  to serious impair-,,
ment of the assets of the Home Bank
of Canada, caused by losses sustained
in a number of.large loans and investments, it has been deemed advisable
that the institution should suspend
payment.-
Announcement to this effect was
made following a meeting of the board
of directors, at which A. Calvert, recently appointed assistant general
manager, presented a report which,
according to an official statement.issued later, was of a serious character-.
The report showed that immediate
liquid assets-of the^bank have been
practically depleted.
Negotiations  with   other  banks   for
the absorption of the Home Bank having proven futile, it was found necessary to close the doors of the institution. The affairs of the bank will be
administered by A. 13. Barker, manager of the Toronto Clearing House,
who has been appointed curator under
ilie provisions'of.the Bank Act.
li is understood that he will be required to present, a report within three
months lime, when the Canadian
Bankers' Association will decide upon
what further action, is to"be taken.
Mr. Barker has been manager of the
Toronto Clearing House for the past
six years, and previously had long service with the Bank of Toronto, holding the position of supervisor when he
resigned.
REPLY FROM PRESIDENT BEATTY TO
CHARGES MADE BYMONTREAL PAPER
With_Co_ai From U.S.
Alberta  Coal   Men   Willing  to Ship to
Ontario  Despite  High  Freight
Toronto.���Premier Ferguson was
waited upon by a delegation ot Albertn
coal men, headed by Sir George Film-
er, who declared they were prepared
dunng.,the coining fall and winter, to'
ship 100,000 tons of fuel here so as to
compete successfully ... wiih United
Stales coal, despite the high freight
charges.       ' ���    "
They asserted the coal would be
positively of the first, quality, comparing favorably with United States
anthracite. They proposed to ship
by rail to Fort William and bv boat
lrom there, thus effecting a substantial reduction in rail haulage charges.
Sir George and his associates in the
conference are interested in the Drum-
heller mining region.'' The announce-
ed object of their visit to Ontario i.s to
endeavor to interest citizens here -in
the western mines as a source of their
winter fuel requirements
WESTERN EDITORS
A
Montreal.���-In the course of a reply
to an article printed under'the heading, "The Whisper of Death," in the
Montreal Star, in which it was claimed
the    Canadian   -Pacific  Railway  was
holding  western lands at prohibitive
prices, and which was acting as a detriment to immigration    and   'settle-
��� ment, E. W. Beatty, ICC, President of
the Company, wrote the paper in part:-
"Up  to the end of- June, 11)23, (he
Canadian   Pacific   Railway   had   disposed  of IS;19-1,7.'.7   acres  of agricultural lands, for which an average price
of $7.87 per acre; was received.   During this period, the company had, by
direct effort of its own/ secured  the
settlement of over ,100,000 farmers in
Western   Canada.     In   view   of   the
prices at whicli lands of similar quality to those of the company have .been
sold   and  are now  being offered Tor
sale, it is apparent that the.price received by the company is extremely
low arid not prohibitive. The average price received for the sale of non-
irrigated lands in 1922 was $17.06 per
acre:
"Up to the end of June, of the present year, the company had expended
in irrigation .construction and operation for ready-made farms an improved
farms, for loans to ...settlers, for buildings, livestock, etc., for agricultural
demonstration and furtherance of the
livestock industry, and in other ways
in connection with the disposal of
lands and the assistance of agricultural effort; in Canada, an aggregate
amount of $64,646,000. A reference
to Government expenditures for the
same periods will show that the company's expenditures are very much in
excess of the former."   ��� >-
Saskatchewan Wheat Pool
No Withdrawal Clause "in Contract is
-������-'' Decision of Committee
llegina.���-There will be no withdrawal-clause in lhe Saskatchewan wheat
pool contract such as-is provided in
the contract .drawn���up by lhe Alberlal
wheat pool.'committee, it was- decided ���'when the Saskatchewan contract
was under consideration by the organize ion commit lee here.
The commillee decided that if 50 per
cent, of the acreage under wheat in
this province is signed up the pool
will go ahead. If not, the pool wiil
' be abandoned. No alternative measures are to be provided. In other
words, signatures representing half of
the. crop in this province are neces-
-  "sary    for    the . materialization of-the
- pool.   ,.""',_   '���- - V"     '"���""���-   7 V-
-,-". The clause in 'lhc:. Alberta -contract
' gives the. signatory the.right io wilh-
,7 <lraw 'Aibtw'een' September .'8 to 23 by
notification 'to the pool,.trustees,-if
.'."by thai. date. 50 per. cent.'of .the acre-
.���. Kge .in'-. _(hsit ' province has not:been"
' sighed up, and ".provision is .'also-made
7' .1 hiit the pool "may _'"be ;  operated 7 hy
'���. Iho'sV?"' remaining    after  the. "close-of.
7 tlu\ withdrawal period:' X-   '��� .'7 -7    ...
7 . The following const Utile -the. .board -..
X -.��,. C; Brouiloticv Landis;- K; J.'-Moffat,"
���-7 Brad we'll:     -Geo. '"Spence,      M.L.A..-
.Monchy; .AV. 'M."Thrasheiv IJinsmbre;
. Geo.." W.- Robertson, M.L.A., AYyiiynid;'
";A..- E.-Wih-on;' indian'.lie.ul; riom'J.W;
���,- "Ma Ii a "rg7 "M odse '"7.Ta"w";' '.""Gob." Ed v ii i ���d s
",'  Markineh;- ":A. IL Reuseh.-.Ybrkl.oh:. G
7-Ga'rfiel(i-Wray, Regina; A". J. McPhfiiY,!
"Regina;  \V. L.Noybs? Saskatoon.' '
Ferguson Cabinet Formed
Regulated Migration
Is/ Veterans' Policy
Would Tend to Build Up British Race
Within Empire
Ottawa.���Oflicial reports of the biennial conference of the British Empire
Service League in London last month
have just been received by the Dominion Command, 'Great War Veterans' Association, which is the constituent organization of the league for
Canada. ['-.'-.>
, The outstanding decision was that
dealing with the question of Empire
migration. A resolution approved
the principle of regulated immigration
for land settlement within the Empire
was adopted. The opinion Avas expressed that suitable schemes would
materially assist in the establishment,
of industry and tend towards the solution; of the unemployment problem,
combined with .the building up of the
British race within the confines of the
Empire.
C MeMiuch
ly, Editor and Proprietor of
The  Herald,  Saltcoats, Sask.
Predicts Large Wheat Yield
Hon.  Wl'R.   Motherwell  Thinks Crop
Will Come Up to Expectations.
Ottawa.���^-Tliere-' is a good outlook
at the present time that Alberta and
Saskatchewan will come fully up to
our expectations," said 1-1'on. W. R.
Motherwell, Minister of Agriculture,
discussing crop prospects in the west.
"This  is   conditional  upon  getting i ,   	
good ripening weather and upon the,0rable balance by adopting the policy
ground  drying up  sufficiently  to -let! 0f wearing French-made woollens,
the binders into the   grain,   some   of'    _
which is lodged.     It is also conditional upon the absence of frost.
'In   Manitoba
Fears Economic
War With. Britain
France Convinced Campaign Against
.Franc Exists in London
Paris.���Suggestions of an economic
war between France and Great.Britaih
are met with frequently in current
conversations with leading French
business men engaged in trade with
Great Britain and now are creeping
into the press.
Large importers of woollens lrom
Great Britain express lhe view ihat
business between the two countries!
will necessariiy-rdeeline on account of
he extraordinary rise in the pound
sterling, and that no organized move
was required to bring that result about
as it was the inevitable outcome of
what is declared" here to be the London campaign for the depreciation of
Uie franc.
The Matin has asked-Premier-Baldwin if he is not aware that his policy
oward France is . tending to bring
about a movement in which the watchword will be, "No business with Eng-'
land; no purchases in England."
The balance of. trade which Vas
favorable to France until 1914 was
turned by France's war needs and7
lias since remained favorable to Qreat
Britain. "France," it is pointed out,
could easily turn the balance to her
favor by abstaining from purchases of
British coal which she might get along
without if the Ruhr production increased and measures for economy in heating and lighting were adopted. She
could also largely reduce the unfav-
yXxxM
y Seven Trustees
Many Miners Lose Lives
French business men appeared to
be convinced that a campaign against
the franc really^ exists in London, and
in .Manitoba and the southern ! that it was organiztd by bankers in
corner of Saskatchewan," he added,;'sympathy with the British Govern
"rust has done some damage, and may
result in a loss of twenty to twenty-
Bodies Found Mile Underground After
Wyoming Mine Explosion
Kemmerer, Wyoming. ��� Kemmerer
is in mourning for the miners���97 of
them���who are"-known' to have lost
their lives in the explosion at Kemmerer Coal Company Mine No. 1 at
Frontier, near here.
Throughout the day and night hundreds of relatives and friends thronged the l.O.O.F. hall, which has been
turned into a temporary "morgue, and
also to a local undertaking establishment, where half the bodies were being kept.
The latest oflicial report is 97 miners
dead, one missing and 37 rescued alive
and unhurt.
The mine is considered one of the
deepest in this section���if not. in the
United States. The main shaft goes
down at an angle of 16 degrees to a
depth of about 6,000 feet, and it was
on the lower levels, or about one mile
underground, lhat most of the bodies
were found.
ment.
five million bushels in the yield."
The minister expressed the opinion
that the yield would come up fully.to
the estimate of 382,514,000 bushels for
the total Canadian wheat crop, given
The league was pledged ro j out bJr ihe Dominion Bureau of St'atis-
All Members Returned by Acclamation
At  Ministerial  Nominations
Toronto.���The final" stage in the for
ma! constitution of the Ferguson
Cabinet was passed when all its members wei'e'"'returned by acclamation at
Ihe ministerial nominations. Premier
Ferguson's choice of his executive colleagues went unchallenged.
Nine ministers who hold portfolios,
and who hence receive emoluments
under the crown, were required .to
again seek the endorsation ,of their
constituents. .    .
The  ministers  who
assist regulated schemes in every way
possible. The view of the league will
be presented to the Imperial Conference in London in September.
French Cruiser Launched
Is    First
New    Naval
were given acclamations were:- Premier George
Howard Ferguson, Grenville: Attorney-General, Hon. W. F. Nickle, K.C.,
Kingston; - Minister of Public -Works
and . Highways,' Hoc..- George - i
East-York;' -Minister oj.'- Agricultui
Hon. J. S. Martin, South Norfolk; M
istcrof Lands," Hon. G:-S_. Lyons, Sault',
Ste.   -Marie;    Minister.of. .Mines.TIon.
Charles .McCrea. Sudbury;-Minister of.
Labor 'and 'Health,   Hon. -Dr;,Forties
Godfrey,' West. York;' Provincial
rotary, ���. Hon.'-. Lincoln   Goldie
Wellington;  ���.-Provincial
1 Ion..-YV\ IL. Price, "Park'dale.
of Three on
Programme
, Breslau.���The new light cruiser ,.Du-
guay Trouin of the French navy was
launched here in the presence of Minister of Marine Raiborti. ' Speaking
at the ceremony the. minister said that
villi 8.000 Ions displacement she
would develop 1.00,000 horsepower, and
contrasted this with the "pre-war l>:iI-.
Ileships of 23,000 tons displacement
and a-maximum of only 20,000 horse^
power. Her speed will be only 34
knots an hour.
She i.s the first of Ihe three, light
cruisers forming the naval programme
voted "in April, 1922, to be completed.
Work ohihe second was begun at
enry, j j/Ori'eni in " January and ' the", third'
will ba built here.    - -- " .
tics. No matter what, the condition
might be now, - he said, there would
be a large yield, but the quality would
depend -on good .^weather conditions.
Hon. Jas. Murdock
Is Given New Task
Will Administer
Judge Says Seizure
Of Rum Ships Legal
Foreign     Vessels . Smuggling    Liquor
Into U.S.'Can^Be Taken Outside
Limit
��� New  York.���Seizure  of-alien  rum-
running vessels that hover outside the
three-mile limit was    held   legal    by-
Federal Judge Woodrough in a decision handed down in the case of the
British   ship,   Marion   Mosher,   seized
while  transferring a lVquor cargo to
the United States owned, motor-boat,
J.H.D., eight miles off the coast near
Fire Island, July 27, 1922
Merchant
Be Utilized'
gers, it has been announced by Premier King.
The act,  which  was passed during
-.      ������ I the   last    session of Parliament, con-
Government Vessels Can  Be Used to j fers .'wide .powers upon    the    officials
Carry Grain  ���  ���'���' in charge of its    administration.      It
Ottawa.���Ten  vessels  of the  Cana-  provides that ac investigation may be
dian    Merchant ' Marine   now on the  ordered  upon  a  complaint
Great Lakes, may-be used in the grai
carrying trade (Iiis season, it was an
New Act In  Respect
to Trusts , ..---,	
Ottawa.-Hon. James Murdock, Min-1 Boncis of tlle Dotroit FidelUy and
ister, of Labor, has been charged with , Sui'et-V Company, given after the
the general'a.<!mi^:0-..tion of the aeWei2Ure "*' llie crai} ��s a. guarantee
which provides for the investigation of ilhat it.wuld proceed to its supposed
combines, monopolies, trust, and h_*r7 (iR&Ull8t1oE' St -T��hn'  N-B
c.a;
thai
���'!cl:  forfeited,
although the '
it   Im
were de
r.g contended
:sf.ci arrived at the
hor,
re'e
Canadian peri:, tlio did not 'nave
cargo, thereby violating her aj
ment. v
Judge Woodrough-held that seizure
of foreign ships engaged in smuggling
the
Calgary.���Seven trustees will comprise the board of.management of the
Alberta wheat pool, the organization
to be called the Alberta Co-operative
Wheat Producers, Limited, it was decided by the wheat pool organization''.
Each trustee will hold office for a period of one year, and it is stipulated
that he must be a wheat producer, residing within the district which he
represents.
The trustees wilTbe selected lrom
each of.seven districts into which ih&f
proviric-eT-will be divided, each representing as nearly an equally productive area as possible. The contract
signers in each district will select ten
representatives or clolegatos who in
turn will choose lhe trustee i'or that
particular district.
Thc election of lhe delegates and
Uien the selection of the various permanent trustees will be held within
the next three months.' To carry on
the organization in ,the meantime the
present organization committee will
appoint a temporary directorate. This
temporary body av ill consist of seven
members and will probably be chosen
from.the present committee of seventeen.
The,,-. Alberta Co-operative Wheat
Producers, Limited, will be organ- ���
ized under the Co-operative Associations Act, and that is the reason the
organization will consist of seven
members, this being the' maximum
number that can be named under that
act. The company, in accordance
with the co-operative idea, will be a
non-profit making concern.
Three methods of providing elevator facilities for the wheat pool have
been considered by the special committee, it was stated. No decision in
this connection will be made, it is anticipated, until the first board of trustees lias been appointed. The three
plans under consideration are:
First���By  purchasing as many elejf"
vators as might be found feasible ori
the basis of a   reasonable    deduction
from   the   proceeds   of the sale of the
I grain..
Workers Sue For'Wages'-
.-><?c-
Norrh
Treasurer^
nouncod by Ho.n.    Geo.    P.    Graham,
Minister of Railways and Canals.
Use oi" the Government boats to
assist, in solving the problem presented by the refusal of American
ship owners to comply with the new
grain rates regulations lias been under
consideration. If. is- understood that
Sir Henry Thornton "will be called
.into consultation in the matter and
should; ihe'American concerns persist
in their refusal to file tariffs the Government vessels will be utilized.
, Asked - whether ; the." Government
boats-were. of. lhat .type which ..would
lend themselves to use '��n .the grain
traffic, Mr." Graham replied that while
ment of a permanent registrar to conduct the preliininr.ry probe.
Penalties which may be imposed
where convictions are secured . take
three forms, first, the responsible'!
parties may b e proceeded against
under the Criminal Code,-second, any
tariff protection  enjoyed  by the eou-
i cern may be withdrawn,   and,   third;
' proceedings may be taken' before th
exchequer, -court    io    cancel
rights.   -
upported ; "cuor    into
the higl
am {by six persons, and  for the appoint-1 Justifiable c-ven though  ihey
as.
patent
Allege-City "of Manchester Broke,War
"'��� ;'-'���'��� Vx'Servi^-Pr^'y ��������� V >ot; especially built.- for tliat panose
c Lomtoii^A big l^suif gainst the they could;be sa.jifcctorifc empioved
Goiponmon oi the City o^Manchestor.i to carry a.portion of (he w^tern Sop
lhe plaintiff being the TramwaV Men's",
Union; with  ��100,000 involved: "  Tlie
Would Retain'Harvesters'* !'^
W'   '���������  -���;���������-. 7   "  ��� ������-���    v ;^'��V .P'a��Jis arUing:out;of.-''tl"ieMvaV... It,'..-7  ..V."W"Y W .-'''
-Improvements'For.Ellis l.sland--
-.' London;���Sir Auckland Geddes, .Brii.-
.islr-Ambassador lb the United. Stales,'
in a report onithe condition of Ellis !.-;-.
land, -makes a .dozen -recommendations
Colonization .-. Association   .'Will     En-
7_d.e"a.v'or to._Keep-Men -\h thc-West-.f���
' - Winnipeg.���-Directors".of.'the-' Canada
Colonization Association .will consider
j.si'-plan. for retaining/in Canada ihe -IO,--,
j 000 harvesters .brought-oui. froni Great
I'Britairito -help'in-the. -harvesting-' of
' Western Canada's-crops, it,'was-staled
here. X. ~X y     ���,    ,.   "-....'--
.. Th'cVqueslion of; keeping ilie-British-
ers in the-Dominion.will be one "of the
principal-subjects.tinder discussion at
for .claims'arising."out'of-lheMvaY , - .-,
ijVaileged that the .municipality, haye" I Desirability of Creating'Organization
-' ' Realized By British Ministers""'
an undertaking :-t hat it would- pay-its '
employees���'at-least--hairo"f;.iheir. wages"
"during their war servipe,.anil .that this
promise'was'-nox  fulfilled..-.-'   -.',----
Tidal" Wave-In Japan
Tokib.:���Tidal -v.'a'\ es,' eotnbhiedVvilJ:.
a severe storm; have submerged S^Oim'
VJrondbn;:-TfiB".",'Lbi(idoii,;""^
.'graph *<;  Pa, i-] ia ih eh tary -" correspbndon ('.
'���discussing, the -forthcoming.' imperial
Cduferenbe, says' Ihere'" is Vevidence .
Alberta's First New Wheat
Samples'Received Prove to be of'Very
' "������' -.���   '   Excellent Grade ,
-Calgary, .Alta.-��� It" the sample.or-nia-
tured' wheat   grown ..in   Alberta1- ibis
year and -brought: to the'office, of the
.Gbyernnieni: Grsiij   inspector,. George
E. Hill, is-indicative of the crop, that
.will be taken-off the land in this province 'in 1-1923, the "grade'-will', be" exec!-,
lent.7-,   .- - :-   -"���������    . '    ���/-;; "-���-     ��� .'.'-'   '.-.
'. The-first-1923. grown^AIberta-wheat.
"iii".a- matured- cohcition; that., has b.eon'
brought'to the .inspector, 7was- from a
farmer.in fhe Beise'ker district., .TXo't-,
only  were  the kernels ,fully'>matured ;
Second���By arranging with elevator
companies to handle the grain ol the
]iool on a basis similar to lhat of tho
Dominion Government wheat Board of
1919-20.
United States was;     Third���By leasing elevators.
were on i     ',1    l^s    connection,   however,  the
- j committee lias decided that a charge
.  i of not. more than two cents a bushel
r��,r^,...    A _>.^_,{.,\._~   D.._,���^       !v-'113   b,J  'wade  for  providing elevator
ravors Assisting Kussia   | facilities.. -
!     Many decisions are necessariiv con-
; tained in the contract, which is mado
' of J5 pages of typewritten copy. About
130,000    copies"   of   the contract will
he printed.   ' It will be necessarj   lor
50 per cent, .of the wheat acreage of
the province, to be signed   up   under
the    contract    before-   the    pool    he-
sin of-i.conies, operative.      There
of fore-; farmers in the   province.
connection i tract'as ativo.caled by
will,  be   binding
-years'.'..--Provision is made for the
organization of-.the -Dominion wheat
pool selling agency with other
inces.-as-'soon as ihey
ganized. ,.-... ��� ���"- .
1 The question -of, advances on
delivered- to the'wheat ..pool . agents
has been .considered fully, and it was
���".slate'd tliat .this-will be carried out
on;a-basis of. "safe, banking practice."
Britisn   Laborite   Disapproves  Govern,
ment's Denial of Credit Scheme
London.���J.  Ii.  Ciynts,  one  of the
leaders    of    ihe    Labor party- in the
House of Commcrs-, in the main supports Sir Allan Smith, y-.P;, chief of
ihe  'industrial "group of members of.
Paiiiament'iu lhe laiter's.criticis
the "Govcrninent on'its- lack
sight, and   imagination   in
wiih .the' unsatisfactory industrial situation-arid its handling of the unemployment^ p'i.obleni. 7       '��� -"-';"     "
. "it is-better/' saysC!yn?s; "io sjiend
a" sovereign"' in' v.-ages'Tqj\'"_prodiiclive
work:'than-. :tb -give  ten ^shillings. for
sheer'idleness:''- 77. . '..'.,.>."-. ���;  -     ���: .
'.."He 'deprecates-., lhe." Gbvernnitniis
denial -o'f.'a;'credit "scheme to. Russia'.
Such a-.diplomatic aitiiude'lie likens to
France's ' miljiaiy" altitude
Germany:,.J_7^V_,_Xy-X ��� ~:~-
are   S3.431
The -con-
Aaron    Sapiro
for a period of five
prov-
may be or-
. grain
towards
���that the/British ministers' are alive' to \'h]u]- 7o!' c'sooi\'-,'color.\but, Tthev
IM^y-^^a u,���^nd ^^ZJ^**-****-*
iIi��-desImWHt3-.or.creaoig.��n-b*inl7'i-l>1��">ii.' '����rfoolUns sck,Xl,L "2... '.^r^A'.-''^'":'''     ���   --    -- ���
          .--...- ... .... . ,    , .u.ih mat-or.Or. .tracer Wheeler. . Di'
. Hail.' On -Seage.r Wheeler  farm
Saskatobh.Wv'sc-v.?i=!7'lm"il'-"siorm';'in
damaged;.- the
,-orie of-which
the R'osthorh'-'di's'iriqV
i.garding- needed improvements; prin- |La:meeting this week. whi'ieaiioliier.JnH
cipal.ly structural aUerati9ns- for sani-; portanb step will.be "the:'appoinlm:'enl
t:.ry.improvement, lighting, yentila-jof a-, superihtemlent". of 'agricuiutre'
(.on.and" tin. like,.and-.belter medical J who wiil have 'charge'of w " '     '
.���>amlnatJpn5i-dom's.--.     ' X i        ' - |'o.'ihe'-BSsocWirti'."'   -'
.the-..west-co.a.si"of Korea:,., ,:No  esti-1 ],BIp Mo
mate. ol\ the loss of life "has. yet'.been I    "    '
received, bul:ifis said tlio dani'ico t_,      c.   <���
.heavy. - ��� . '"-". -"  .
e) fa re-'.work
To-Explore Arctic'���"���
Lo'n<ion.i���The Canadian Government,
has
conference   and
secure . a"ppropriate.:.aciio:h' to-
wahls.bii.iiging-'theiii :i'nto" effect.'   .'
' Tele
..graph. ssuggcstHr-ppuld^sit-'in London
.and Might'be-.c��"ed'the^Empire Economic Council.- -It should contain rop.-
resem'a'iivc-s . of -the.' Dominions "and
.could be. established.on. lines.' similar
completed'. I he pu^hasa frdm.ilvo J-to the existing Imperial Shipping Com
adpii'-aiiy  of  the - tag Frinbar,.-which '    '   "   ' '   "
will-be used, as an
st��-nmer Arctic -for
poses.   ...'   ,-'���, -. .-.;'.-
auxiliary" to .the
exploration ,-pur-
mit fee. ���
-, Give your local merchants a chance
Buy'at home.   ''"-"--   '     ---<���.     ".'";.     '
::   Liinis-Jreland^Eamonn ���De.T-alwaJit was; thought 'the republican: Jwder
, ..^president- of ihe; Irish "republic,-''. :at.had been-sh.o.-; but' "it: turne.i but -tl-<'
; last k in ihe custody of.the" Free;Slate j hfe-; had ' only    fainted,  ' probably   7n
.   auihorines.   . He was arrested here as [.consequence''of a blow    he    redeived
hv was stajiing an,flection speech to touring thbielar.iptde - -'- ; -W\     ,;  -
VJiisccnstinienls;;"- H? had boldly an.: j/vWheii he-recoverbd.' DbVafea was!
rouncpd his. cqming;,-and when he took ^assisted dowh.ihe steps' from-j he- p|ji>*' '
his   position   on'.the   rostrum   of   the I form by. troops.  '��� He waved a��=ide' 'r
-fiiarkel.    square.    Free    State,   troops ! number,: of person who' were" seoming-
lhrew a, cordon about him. j ly desirous of rescuing him anil sur-
, The crowd that had gathered had ���)'��� Rdered ib'an ollicejV who "'received
giiVn him a tumultuous reception and'iiiim ^-*{'i a kindly "come along."
he .fiad jitst started his address in j When the first panic had subsided,
Ga.-fic when a shout proses "the sol-!,I,e People who had been a bom ilie
dier.-s are' corning." , Simultaneously! Platform returned to ilit^garket
armoured cars ratUed up 10 the vicir_.-i.s<luare- Many of them hurled
ify of the-platform. . ' '���
The crowd,   madt up  of  aK;n'and
-'v.:omen,   fled   in   all-directions as the
soldiers ,iiri-d 'several   '.volleys --over
Choir    heads,:     .Many' '.".of the; women
fainted.    -   "   '   - -.7 ,'_)���_ .Xy
_,. Ar-.���.���c-vcsal soldiers rushed toward
tfcn'platfcrm. De Valera was seen io
Sflraj,7*nd thfn to cpUap?*\.     At first
in-
suiting epithets at the troops, iirid for
a "moment-the- situation looked ugly.
The troops, however, took- things calm
ly, fixed their bayone;_s and "soon
rff.
stored a degree of order..,": Then; with
a large crowd following him, -De -Valera was taken to ilie cbiinty jasl.-'-.He
offered, no r'e'sis.anetV- ���'':-'        '.."' :-"���'-"'""-
-AV*.X[?<y'��:>. X; 10$ i
grade; No. 1 any time.-
Another  Resignation  .   . -. .
;��� London.���Lord Ailwyn.-ha's- followed
LbriL Blcdislou's exaniple_-by. "resigning
froin 'the   Government's   Agricultural
Advisory.  Committee   bwiug".-to -his,
strong, opposition' to. _the''"Importation"
-bt" breeding animals, either pedigreed
or non-pedigreed., from Canada;. Bolh-
bbjec'i. tc the proposal, to. lift ...the ein-
bargo' tigai.n'st- bree'ding stock,-as lias
already been done in tii"e7case of-sibro
nil tie fronr Canada.   :"...'"-'
Cannot  Build./Highvvays
Regina.: W^ddressing-.tlie Kiwanis
=Club.-here,. Hon. "j/G; Gardiner,. .Minister of.Higli ways, staled- that lack of
Papulation.iri Saskatchewan prevented
.\vi_��������   -.���,'--     - -���-���������    .---.,'.Ilc'bliii(1.ine.of more-high wavs at pres-
Wh?elers farm was one orthe.'hard, ientV"-'For, s01ne/time ^to 00^11"^
.est.'])iv:,a""'l ..altli'ough' his' eiperiment'a.
Plots.suffered,he stated^thar hejwould
.be-able- to savejehougV'seetl to "carry
qn.liis work "-next yean , .His ; fruit
plantation, also."suffered; -niahy, leaves
being - knocked off- the
bushes".,."'";,'"'    -'���'..'
.trees    and
-���-'Prince May. Arrive Sept.'"1G .
'-".Quebec:���When . the ' Empress 7 of
France docks.here on September-10,
it is understood -.she will have, as a
passenger the Prince ^of Wales.
Though no official announcement has
been -made,- it is.reported'that-tho
Prince, will have six .'.people in \his
1 party. .Suite. No. ---i bri the. liner
said'to. .have been "reserved
Prince.
��" -. Greek's' Pay interest On  Debt 7
.London,.���The. 7'Greek .Government
have'paid to the;Dominion:of..Canada,-
on account,'in London,."?225',000 interest on:'its debt to' th<s Dominion,'whicli.
is - approximately ..$6,000,000. .-- The
J22��;000 ���fnteres't "is for llie ifirst'^six
nionths p.fjhis year. .-'-:.'-���'
clared, the Qtie.ilibn'of"providing bet-
;'ter ���facilities" for those "settled- on the
: land must be kept-to "the fore, and for
that.:reason demands.for the. building
of improved highway.^ for"; the accommodation pfl.iourists'.niHst bb. ignored.
7 U.$: Gunboat- Is .Seized   .7    '-'
;. Washington-^the .gunboat .Gopher,
carrying naval'reservists on their .ah-''
nual cruise, has. been-seized by Cana- -
diiin authorities'. .the.Navy Department-.
\ya's.notified, because, of damage, to-.a _
lock "in.'the.- Welland.':Cajia 1 occtirrinR-
during-   passage;  of.the ship.   ' Th'?.
Gopher was en route fo Montreal..
-i oi
ls
the
Suggested Candidates for. Nobel Prize
��� Toronto.���That" Dr, .F. ,G.'-:-BanUng,
discoverer of insulin, for diabetes,treatment, and Professor J. J. R. McLeod,"
of the tniyjtrsity of Toronto,,.may be
j presented as candidates Tor lhe Nobel
' prize this year, has been announced at
Ellis Island Conditions
Severely Criticized
rs
London.���The
has: been justified
plaints
British.   Government J avoided!-a'dciiiig ti.at-. .A
in-, making    com
.   read' his
of   many    Dritisii    subjects.
against the conditions at- Eli'i's- Island;
���,. ,      ,      ,       ...      .    .     , ".".,- i in the' opinibti-of most of she-riews-
Edinburgh. where these two scientists | v .-..-..-
have "been attending the elevehUl in- j Papers-whicli comtnent oh Ambassador
tcrnational congress of physiology.        Geddes' report of his visit to the New
�� Vork immigration station.     '. . .'
T-Fhilad^phwrR^ctord-'
Pleads For- Stowaways-
Quebec��� Lured by adreriisemems
1 for farm, help 'in- Canada, seven -young
'men in Glasgow; slowed away on the
[ liner Cassandra and were sentenced 10
j a" month ' in prison. " His "lordship,
[ however, has-asked if..the. seprette'
; may be sent west instead of being de-
-ported ;ai__ihe_txpirat!cn of'tteir stn-
I't^nces. '.[['Xy ��� XyX-X yy- ��� -' y'X.-'X"' :���
��� The Star, admitting- the difflcui-"
ties of large mixed crowds;,; fays no
excuse- caii suffice for accommodations so- dirty, and in some cases so
ibui, that, only a government paper
would be allowed to print the. details.
The .Fall Mail Gazette thinks Ambassador Geddes is not the BJah to
say a, single harsh word against American   institutions   which   coald   he
nigricans.'  nlm.
criticism" of Ellis,-lsjand .wiil,.
realize,   that'._ >hb'cohdemn;ed- .icthi.ijg-
that' is h'Oi 'cevoUing-to-'the.-'i.asiir.cis .
p.7 civilized men.- ���   7-    '      -.'
... The' -editorial.'complains   ilsa't-^elf-7
-respecting .Britishers are'.herded, with.
the lowest classes of other- coun;fie"s.
Pointing out", that    Ambassador   Ged-7"
des    urges .that" the adtnis^atiliiy r,{
every-ihdiyiduai should be .settled be.
fore' he. 3eav.es. Ms native cou.ctr-y.'.ihe.
pape'r.adds-: .'. " -      '-.     .  -',      ������XX.
"It is simply. 's>isyiQg-;. with".-,htim&n
rrJ*<_-'ry   -when', an:' Aiaeriw.n .;',��onsal "
grants'a yise t��, "s    wbald-fce"-  iniroi-''
graat aiid .simuItEnebuiiy/-vrite-s    io
hi* GoTenniit-'iit   Tecoujnjfe��,.'!:.g -;.i.hat.'"
ke shec ;e hot be adaji-.ted." " :'-��� " ''
\* ��HE   LEDGE,   ��BEENWOOD,   BSITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
Is $2.oo a year strictly in advance, 01
52.50 when not paid for three months 01
more ha-ve passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in ad
vance.
G. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil  Notices     7.00
' Estray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears li> notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal adv2rtising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals i2^c. a line each insertion.
Bird   shooting    will   begin   on
September loth.
Go   on,   but   go   steady; hasty
climbers have sudden falls.
If yon wish to know a man'e
real character, watch not what he
says bnt what he does.
Golden rod is  in  bloom,
quite    plentiful   in   waste
throughout the country.
It is
place?
The birds are changing their
clothes just now, and they are not
as attractive as thev will  be later.
Thebe are flocks of blackbirds
feeding in almost every field. They
drive the robins and smaller birds
away.
Usually the dry weather ends
the mosquitoes for the season.
This year they are likely to linger
until the frost comes.
The fishiDg during the past
week has been good, but the
anglers are not so numerous as
they were three weeks ago. They
get good fishing in places where
trout were never found before.
There wereaumerous fishing parties out on Sunday.
Th eke are many new autos this
year. Public favor seems to make
men buy these machines whether
they can.aSord.ttiem or not..' They
-iriake. life in;;the country more
pleasant, and'for.that reason should.
be encouraged .^but-.they make the
-financial problem more,difficult.
Story ofaXostHorse
. A; TRUE   I.OCAI,   YARN
Joshua Smithers came out of his corral
"7 with a satisfied smile. 7011' - his.1, face,;'and
.   putting up the bars at.the", gate. went- 611
7 to his house, arid at tlie" door was-greeted
by'his wife Miranda. "     ..      ;_���; .
"Well, Joshi   you   been-'a long..time'
'.  getti u home today."   ..." '. ���-. y   > -y [XX'
--.'. "YerManilyj-Ihad-.togoa; long, way,'-
' but, I-'found that ,'efe"  horse , Which, .the"'
cattle -dealer. Erstou   said'I could'have
��� six some.years "ago.". ���-' ���"���.'--
.'-. , ''Is that .a fact, Josh, where'd -ypu 'find
..- ,hihi".,"-,.-        -���-.-- ..- - '-���_';
,- - "Down other-side of the line,"- and' he
������ ..'added .with a-smile, ."Didn't' pay- any
'/ "duly on'li'ihi "either.". "~~-Mirarida's"^s'inile
7 is kind of-half- hearted as she has only too
��� clear a recollection of. other times when
Josh .had to.- pay double duty ..for such
- work" as this. ..-.--  ..���;'.X. X'.-X-X'X"
;"I hope it'll' be,- all-right". Josh, "you
' certainly are. the durnd'st -.man  for get-
7 ting into, trouble.'.'.7. .;77"""��� \ -' ;   ���- ,-' ....
...  .-���,_ Next-Hiorniug as'Joshwas 'going to the
. .corral, lie spie'd.a.ican standing there,
--'and when he.gpt up to him he recognized.
_ Kim'as. Will" Atkins,'who.owned   a ranch
���'., 7sonie" four iniles-away..-' -_'.,     "'- .':-'V. -
.'���-/'aiornirijosli."-''-_'������   "���      y',].-"-
X , ,\Fine',,mornin,."\yiH!.V/7\ 7:/-"7'.'"-''..   ,
'.-- "That's,a nice; horse-you got'iu  the
''   corral, Josh." ���.-   ;   '--���'���.���".'.    -'"' V
"[X.   '.'You mean-the sorrel snare?"'-   .���-; ���:;
-,'. "' ';ycs.";.., 7"V'W7.;."7 i-'i- '���'-.--:- X
��� '-'Nice jobT.had to get-her too, had; .to
.travel' nearly-.."all, day."yesterday..   Lost
bcrjnigh. a "year "ago.'.; '-'" '".V'..
'- '���.. "Guess, you.ll be givin-her.up, Josh."'
.' ."Giyih.Iier.iip, what for?" -.
"���'    '/Causeshe!s mine.""-,, V '   ' -���'"-'.-:��'""-'
-,' ."Your'n.?; ;,--.-".   . '���-';. - '���     - ;, -���' ."
"Yeh."'   '������''���")[_.      X   X-'- '. Vx
"Your dreaming when   did, you
own that animal."
. "When did you ever own her yourself
- Josh." -.' ��� -':��� -;.'. _....-��� - "y ;'���   !'-;^' '77
..''None-of.your;business,'.but I "got- her.
.. some years   ago "from: "a =-horse.'.dealer,
. -name-of Erston." ���''���'. "������-'"'.
"Horse dealer,-you. mean horse stealer,
- I think." ���  After  a somewhat lengthy
- argument,-Josh moves .back to the house,
-and Atkins goesaway.   Josh has to go in
the other direction from his-home and
when he gets-back in the afternoon, - his
wife accosts him. 7 "���""���
"Hey, Josh your horse is gone.".- "-
"What horse Mmdj." ; ..""-
"The horse you bronght lioine yesterday..' '       V .--"'. X-X'- "
"Where'd he go." "'
"I dunno, he's been took."   '
"Who took him."
"I danno again. Jest had tinue to
catch a glimpse of him flying down t&e
road, coaldn'taay who the ime was on I
his back, but he must have gone in the
corral aud took him."
"Will Atkins, I'll bet my goldarned
boots." So>he goes off in the direction
of Will Atkiu's farm, and finds him there
doing his chores.
"Where's my horse, Will."
"Your horse, Josh?"
"Yes, the one you took  from   my corral."
"Why I was just over there and took
back my horse, which you had borrowed
from me."
''Well, of all the darned gall, Will
Atkins.
The air was blue for several minutes,
and finally Josh intimates to Will that if
the horse is uot back in his corral by
morning, he will sue him for the value of
it.
"All right, Josh, maybe you'll be sued
for not paying the duty on my horse eh."
Josh goes off in a (laming rage, and
next morning, as the horse is not returned, he goes to town and consults lawyer Blatt. The attorney says he has a
good case and starts the lawsuit against
Atkins.
A lew days later, Anthony Smar*,
another farmer, living some miles from
either Smithers or Atkins, learns that
there is a horse, about which there seems
to be some difficulty as to ownership,
and having lost a horse himself, institutes enquiries and finds that the animal
answers exactly the description of the
animal round, even to the brand. Smart
therefore sends a man up to Smithers
demands the animal. Smither's confronted with Smarts description and tl e
brand answering lo the oue ou the disputed animal, goes over to Atkins aud
they both wisely couclude that the game
is up, and hand the animal over to
Smart's man namod Ryley. Ryley leads
the animal away. Now in order to get to
Smart's ranch, Ryley had to travel on
the main road for some distance, a road
very popular with automobile, owners.
The same morning a contractor named
Arthur, who was the owner of an ante-
deluvian car that you could hear coming
for miles, was chugging along at a great
pace, when coming smartly round a sharp
curve he made up on Ryley leading the
horse. The animal, having been out on
the range for a long time, reared and
swung around, and the car hit it on the
-leg and broke the poor animal's leg, so
that when Ryley got home he was still
minus the horse, and was thus accosted
by Smart:���
"Get the horse, Ryley?"
"Yes."
"Good boy, where is it?"
"Down on the main road."
"What's the matter with it?"
"Get your gun, it's leg's broke."
"Who broke .it?"
"Tony Arthur."
"Son of a gun,  I've a  notion to shoot
him."
The result was they went back and
shot the horse and -Smart was in such a
rage,' lhat he left the animal lying there,
and next, day .the road gang were going
to work with their team and the horses"
wouldn't pass the,dead horse. ��� .They had
to.takeand puH'ihe .carcas vaway, off the
road.. '- .7 " 7'.'"���"- > ' ' ':���-_ ���'���:',���'- - '"'7
- The sum-.and substance of these strange
happenings is''sumuiecU.up '-as" follows:
Smithers -is suing7 Atkins-'for stealing a"
���horse from -liini, which never belonged
to him.and has.also departed dhis'life'.
Smart is goiiig to sue Arthur .for killing
the, horse, and Arthur-is-going-to sue
Smart for damage to his anto. - The Government'is going to. prosecute.-Smart for
leaving a 'dead animal on the. public
highway, and "-also for" -the metis'.' time
spent in-pulling the .horse away and
burying .it. ~V_     -      :.". ��� 7" -     ���'-  V"",- ��� .;
Send Your
BOOTS  and  SHOES
To
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way.    Terms Cash.
Pay your subscription to The Ledge
Notice of Dissolution
NOTICE is hereby given that the
Partnership heretofore subsisting between
us, as General Grocers under the firm
name of "Lee & Bryan", carrying on
business at Greenwood, B.C., was on the
6th day of August, 1923, dissolved by
nmtuafconsent. ,
Greenwood, B.C., August 16th, 1923.
ROBERT LEE,
ANNIE BRYAN.
Mcpherson's garage
7       GRAND FORKS; B.C.^ [)'
Agent .for'pbdge,. Chevrolet,; Studebaker
and Overlaudca'rs.- Garage iii connection.
b. Mcpherson   ; '���-'-.      Procrietor
ASSAYER
, -E; \V.. WIDDOWSOW, Assayer arid
Chemist, . Box B.1108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
J1.2S each. Gold-Silver $1.75. Gold-,
Silver with Copper or. Lead" $3.00: Silver-Lead $2:00. Silyer-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
Charges; for other metals, "etc.bn ap-:
plication/. .."" - -' .-. '������.'   ���'  '..���'"',
ever
DEAFNESS CAN
.;:vBE:curE]3^-
DEAFNESS/NOISES  IN  THE HEAD,
7      AND NASAL CATARRH.      7
The sewContintinaJ remedy calleS
.   -^LARMALENE"' (fteffd ) '. ,V.V
is a simcle" harmless home-trcatsent
wfiich.. absolutely -cures deafness,
noises In the head,, etc- NO, EXPENSIVE APPLIANCES NEEDED for this
new. Ointment, instantly operates
upon the affected parts with complete
and cenmanent success- SCORES OF
WONDERFUL CURES REPORTED.
RELIABLE TESTIMONY
��� - Mrs. K. Wilkinson, of Slad Koad, Stroud,
write*:��� "Phrase could I trouble you to send me
another box of. tlie Ointment. " It is "Sot for my-
��-lM but.for a friend of mina-who isas badas I
was. and cannot net any- rest, for tbe noises in"
.behead. I feel a new woman, and can g-o to
bed _no��v and {ret a yood nifffafs rest, which 1
tnive not been able" to do for , many-
months. It is a wonderful remedy and am
inoM delighted 10 recommend it."
Mrs. E. Crowe, of Wfaitehorse Road, Croy-
d��n writes:���"I am pleased to tellyo'n that "the
small tin of ointment you sent tom'eat Vejitnor,
has proved a complete success, iny hearing? is
now ijuite normal, aad the horrible head noises
.have cea'-ed. The action of this new remedy
must be very rejuarkaHe, tor I hare been'
troubled with tbes'�� cntnpjaia.ts to* ��early ten
year?, and have had some of the very best m"*d-
ical advice together with oilier expensis-e ear
instruments all."<o no perpose. I need hardly s*y
how very frrstefal I am, for my life hasaaler-
yo'tfe an entire ciange.      -     -
To onehox todayj which can be forwarded
to any asidre-s on retVist of money order for
$1.00. THERE IS NOTHING BETTER
AT AST PRICE.
Address orders to:���
THE "LARMALEHE" CO.,
10. Scath Vkw. W&tfisj St.. DartfcfdU Kest,
FARMERS
andFINANGE
A generation ago the banking needs of the
Canadian farmer were fairly simple. But today
economic conditions make it advisable for him to
co-operate more and more closely with his Bank.
In the Bank of Montreal the
farmers of Canada have conveniently at their disposal com- "
plete banking facilities as well as
tlie personal co-operation of experienced men.     ' ���
^ Consider our nearest Branch your
^v        banking headquarters.    Savings
kijlft   . Departments tn all  Branches.
epartments
Greenwood Branch:
J. McD. REID, Mariager.
Estato!ie<I over IOOyeara
IS IT WORTH WHILE
Keeping timber for B.C. Industries?
Keeping alive a  prosperous payroll?
Keeping fur  and  feather in B C?
Keeping   timber   for   manufacture?
Keeping a green forest for posterity?
Then
PREVENT FOREST FIRES
IT PAYS
To be shown at Greenwood Theatre on Aug. 24th & 25th
THE NEXT ISSUE OF THE
KOOTENAY TELEPHONE DIRECTORY
Closes on September 1st, 1923.
If you are contemplating takiug new service, or making any changes in or
additions lo you present service, you should send notification, in writing,,
not later than the above date, in order that you may take advantage of the
new directory listings. '   -
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY.
CANADIAN
Summer Excursion Fares
To Eastern Destinations
On Sale Daily May 15th to Sept. 15
Return Limit Oct. 31
Winnipeg $72.00
Toionto .....$i 13.75
Hamilton .._rnr...$113.75
Ivondon....;,. ..'..#113.75
Quebec  ..$141.80
St. John   .' $160.30
St. Paul $72.00
Minneapolis $72.00
Duluth $72.00-
Fort William .............:.$S6.3o-
Niagara Falls ..............$120.62
Ottawa ........................$127.95
Montreal .....................$132.75
Moncton ..." ...-...$160.30
Halifax $166.95
Chicago $86.00
New York $14740
Boston $153-50
TAX ADDITIONAL
Many Additional Destinations
Ask for Rates from and to any Point
Route via Port Arthur or via Spo Line, through
Winnipeg or Portal, thence via Chicago or Sault Ste. Marie
via Great Lakes; or via California at additional fare; or good
to go via one of the above routes, return another.
J. S. CARTER, Dist. Pass. Agt,
Nelson, B.C..
CAMAOIAN
_    PACiric
Excursion Fares
Victoria Exhibition
'' Y;"':SEPf^BEFt'7l,87 yy,
NELSON, $29.55 '-_..,
Rossland, $29.35. Trail, $29.35.     7 Grand Ports, $25.75.
Kaslo, $30.90. Silverton, $32.15.        New Denver, $32.35..
Tickets Sold Aug. 30 to Sept 7
RETURN LIMIT, SEPT. 10
Corresponding rates from all points in British Columbia.
Berth. Reservations, and details from aaj Ageat, or write
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
Office, Smelting and Refiuing Department            -
,  _ .  TRAII,, BRITISH COLUMBIA *
-        SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
Producers   ol    Gold,    Silver,   Copper,    Pig  Lead   and Zinc   -
"TADANAC" BRAND    ' -   "       -
SEMI-READY
Tailored Clothes
Men's Suits and Overcoats
For Spring and Summer
Splendid Assortment of New
Samples Just Arrived
Call and see them
-at-
T.   THOMAS
Tailor and Cleaner
Greenwood
confined    to sur-
granted   covering
for    agricultural
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Minimum price of first-class land
reduced to $5 an -acre;, second-class to
$2.50 an acre.
Pre-emption' now
veyed lands only.
Records  will be
only  land suitable
purposes   and    which   is _non-timber
land. .
Partnership pre-emptions- abolished
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
claims.
Pre-emptors must occupy claims
for five years and must make improvements to value of $10 per acre,
including clearing aud cultivation of
at leastr S acres, before receiving
Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation .jiot ""
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may because of ill-health, Qr other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence
may be issued, provided applicant
makes improvement to extent of $300
per annum and records same each
year. Failure to make improvements -
or record same will operate as forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained iu
less than 5 years,.and improvements of
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleared and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required.
Pre-emptors holding 7Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements ' made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land. .    "
Unsurveyed areas not exceeding 20 -
acres, may be leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
For grazing "and industrial purposes
areas exceeding -640 acres may be
leased by one'person or company.
-Hill, factory or industrial sites"on
timber land not 'exceeding 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions include"
payment of stuinpage. -- ~"~-
Natural hay meadows   inaccessible
by existing roads may be purchased
conditional upon construction of a road'
to them.   Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchas
price, is made.
_    PRE-EMPTORS'  FREEl.CRANTS ACT
The scope of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces. The time
in which the heirs or devisees "of a de---
ceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is extended from one
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion of the present war. This privilege is made retroactive.
No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded after June 26, 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
4,1914, on account of payments, fees or
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptious.
Interest on agreements to-purchase'
town or city lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted from enlistment to March 31st, 1920.
SUB-PURCHASERS OF CROWN LAND
Provision made for insurance of
Crown Grants to sub-purchasers of
Crown I^ands, acquiring rights from
purchasers who' failed to complete purchase, involving forfeiture, on fulfillment of conditions of purchase, interest
and taxes. Where sub-purchasers do
uot claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes may be dis- ,
tributed proportionately- "over :whole~
area. Applications must be made by
May 1,1920.
GRAZING "
Grazing Act, 1919, for systematic de-'
velopment of livestock industry provides for grazing districts and range
administration under Commissioner.
Annual grazing permits issued based
on numbers ranged; priority for established owners, Stock owners may form
Associations for range management,
Free, or partially free, ^permits for
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten
head.
J..S. CARTER, D.PJL, NELSON
The: Mineral Province of Western Canada
zyVxyy;'-[Vy ^;^'^END;()_E^ECEMBER,.1922 v/:^
;    Has prodriced Minerals valued a^ follows:, Placef.GoId, $76,542,203* Lode
;.-; ;V   Gold, 8109,047,661; Silver, 859,814,266; Leaa>51)8i0sS91;Copper/Si70;723>25 - v
Zinc,  $24,625,853; .Miscellaneous Minerals, $1,358,839; Coal and Coke, $238,-
289,565; Bailditig Stone, Brick, Cement, etc-V 836,605,942, making ita Mineral
--  ..*.:  Production to the end of 1922 show    W       ~ W  7 V
VWV -An Aggregate ValuCof $769^418,462
Production loHli^Y^rlEfldm^
1 7 V: x- y ?he.   Mining ,L*wb of ibis Province are moreHberal, and the^fees lower,
,       :    Shan.those of any other Province In the Dominion, or any Colony in the British
Empire.-'      Xx.X-y.   "'������'���  X --'���-' '     '-' '       ''        ��� ���   ��� ������   ���-_.;���-
Mineral locations are granted to discoverers for nominal fees.  " 7
Abeolnte  Titles are  obtained   by developing suc^ properties, the eeenrity
of which is guaranteed by Crown Grants.
Fall information, together with Mining. Reports and Maps, may be obtained
gratia by addressing���
-'"^;w!;7W. THE HON. THE MINISTER.OF MINES
["y'���'y:yV- . ��� ���     VICTORIA, British Columbia..
>J

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