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The Ledge Nov 17, 1921

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 ./ V
.���'- s,i **. -K J > ������?
���������*    t?
vol. txxviii.
No. 19
House Furnishings, Hardware,
Kitchen Utensils, Etc.
. Now is the time to make your
,   XMAS  CAKE or  PUDDING      '
. While we can supply you with new season ���
Currants,   Raisins,   Peels,   Figs,
-Dates, Shelled  Nuts,   Etc.
AU Steps. Lead To:
LEE & BRYAN        Phone 46
^aiiiiiuiuiiiia iiauaiiuaiiuauuiuaiiaiaiiiaiaiiiaiui^
Neilson's   Chocolates
A large shipment of
Bulk and -Box
Just Arrived
t   ���
Real Estate & Insurance
Life, Fire, Health, Accident
Best Companies iu   the World
Enquire as to Rates
. Ranches For Sale
��� Auctioneer
Call And See ��
Our flour and feed sales are increasing at a very /
satisfactory rate owing to
-v    '
A car of Canada's Best four and feed on the way
Ogilvie's  goods are the   Best
Windsor hotel "
The WINDSOR HOTBL ia heated with steam
and electricity. Fine sample rooms. A comfortable home for tourists and travellers. Touch the
wire if you wane rooms reserved. The buffet is
replete with cigars, cigarettes, cooling beverages,
buttermilk and ice-cream. _
Its difficult sometimes to plan their meals, but with such an assortment
"as the following-, to  choose from  in BURNS! SHAMROCK  FOOD
. . PRODUCTS, the task is made easy,   '.::
'������-;. ;-v;.7"'"-"'; ���'. eggs; ...-..;
They are the'line Empire's Standard"
& Company,
'-.     X-     '��� 7. - .���.-���Hants at"   ������_.  -'     "���- ..--.';. --"7-   -
Calgary   V.EdnsoatpB-   'Reelfi*       Prince ;Alfcert       Vancouver
Spectacles, of All Kinds
For Sale and Repaired
Ask for Prices and Cojnpare with Mail
Order House
McELMON, Greenwood
Independent Meat
We carry only the best stock procurable
Fresh Meats,   Ham, Bacon,
Lard, Etc.
A Trial  will Convince You
John Meyer
Wood For Sale.
Second Haud Pipe, Rails,  Mining Cars
'    and other Mining Equipment
Reasonable Prices
Apply to J. W- Clark, Pacific Hotel
���; -V;..'     ���; fumVune of   ''"-.;
:    :6L0VES,vand:-SH0ES,:v::v/:':v;:vv
;;7Bahn6ckbiirr all ^rooi Tweed pants at $9.00 J
Men's white rubers $5.75.      Bib Overalls $ % 25
Ail New tow Prices
Jx 0x McMYNNx  Mi
Greenwood Theatre
Gray & Clerf. Props.
Commencing at 8:15 p.m.'
-.7   .   Louis B. Mayer presents ;
:-" '- Anita Stewart
In a drama of stage life    ';
Mind the Paint Girl
.'���:-'" Adapted from the stage, play by,; 7.
-X ���      Sir Arthur Wing Pinefo. .
Young Man! .Beware.7 ^
ofthe Painted Beauties of the Stage '
���    "Christie Comedy   '   "'',
"Shades of Shakespeare'/
Patrons ate assured of a warm Theatre
<��� 'Wanted '��� ���'< .-���
.Pairn;of. good curling rocks;
must-be in good-06134111011; cheap
for cash.     Elmer-D. Hal], Trail,
B.CVV7V/77V7V.7VVV XX   >.-  ,
7. FAKM-7.WAkTEb:-7'Vl.'-'waat ~ to
hear from party liaving farai for
saleV 7 Give price- arid description..
G.VB. Louden, Champaign,. Illr
hiois.;-:-.-..:��� ���--���=-���-..'-��� "..XX,-- 7/.: V.V
Around Home
G. B. Taylor arrived back from
Victoria on Sunday.
Mrs. P.VE. ���Crane was in Grand
Forks the first of the week.
. Born���To Mr. and Mrs. W.
Riley, of Ferry, Wash., a daughter on Nov. 15th.'
E. Bailey, of Grand Forks, and
G. A. Rendell, of this city,
motored to Penticton on Wednesday.
Geo. Inglis a^id John Hallstrom.
returned ,to Carmi on Tuesday
after spending- a couple of weeks
with their families here.
This is a good old month a
good year, a good world. "I'll
take a little more white meat and
just a few more cranberries,
The Bell mine at Beaverdell
gave their men a holiday last
Friday to aliow the employees to
attend the G.W.V.A. Masquerade
dance in Greenwood,
Jno. T. Arthur, of Shaunavon,
Sask, who has.been visiting his
brother-in-law, Robt. Wilson, for
the past three weeks returned to
his home on Monday.
Chris. Eaton, of- Trail, was
visiting friends in the district
during the past week! Chris has
recently undergone two operations the result of the war.
R. Lee, G. Boug and Wm.
Jenks returned - last week ' from
a three days hunting trip up the
Main Kettle river. They were
fortunate in eretting four bucks,
totalling 758 lbs. One had 20
The Poppy dance held at the
Rock'Creek Hall last"Friday"was*
an enjoyable, affair. The hall
was comfortably filled and dancing continued until 4 a.m. Bush's
three piece orchestra furnished"
the music and put lots of pep into
the dance. The supper provided
by the ladies was all that could
be desired.
The little flurry of snow on
Monday give hint of the early
advent of'winter.. Mother looks
over the pile of wood by the
kitchen door and suggests that a
little more wouldn't hurt; "better
have plenty," and with Christmas
not long away Johnny surprises
everybody by complying.
Peter Prasses pleaded guilty
before- His -Honor-J-.--R;- Brown
last w.eek to a charge of padding
the pay roll. The week previous
Prasses was acquitted on a similar .charge. I. -H. Hallett appeared for" the accused on both
occasions. Prasses was sentenced
to fifteen months .in the Nelson
jail,   .      " , "
On Tuesday night about seven
o'clock' two men entered,the Government Liquor Store. at Grand
Forks^ and asked for a bottle.
The vendor turned, to" get ,the
bottle when-one of the "men
pointed a revolver at him with
the command to I'stick. .'em. .lip."
The till-was rifled- of all.'-.money.'
The. police .came along; ori .time
and exchanged! shots with. the
hoid-ups*,; but, they managed to
make, their escape. .This, is the
second time, the Liquor. Store at
the: Forks has been, robbed,, on.
the first occasion; a.quantity of
liquor wasstolen.   7.
November suits every taste.
There's something for everybody.
It is well named. It answers uNo"
in: the Very; first- syllable to all
who 7 askVwhgther-���' - the;- beautiful
Indian summer of--late^October
will pass at once; arid shivers'7a
"b^r-r"in the last syllable wheri
the anti-December winds begins
to sweep down.Vfrb'm. the; north.
In November7,the year is. in,;its
"ember"., stage.;'-: But 7 what'-;' a
wonderful -"'-month V for popping
com and_.drawing a glass of,cider,
anda.panVof .Jonathans on: the
table. ' The man .who cannot be
satisfied '��� 7with; November; wont
like the,-hinges on:. the
"All other goods by Fortune's hand are
given .       _.      "    .
A wife is the peculiar gift of Heaven."
' ���Pope.
On Tuesday morning at 8:30 at
Grand Forks was solemnized the
marriage of Miss Amy Heaven,
second daughter pf Mr. and Mrs.
C. C. Heaven, well known and
respected citizens of that town,
to Ewart McMynn, a leading and
prosperous business man of Midway. Rev. p. Haymari- was the
officiating clergyman who tied
the nuptial knot of these estimable young couple. The wedding
was a quite though pretty one,
witnessed only by the immediate
relatives of the bride and groom,
and a few intimate friends.
Promptly at 8 30 they took their
places where the minister with
an impressive yet exceedingly
pretty ring ceremony made them
husband and wife. The bride
carried white carnations . and
looked the very queen that her
life characterizes her to be. The
bridesmaid was Miss W.'McMynn
and bestman was -R. Heaven.
A wedding breakfast was held at
the home of the bride's parents
after which the happy couple
left by G. N.'for Spokane. It is
a pleasure to chronicle the marriage of such worthy young
people and this- paper wafts to
them its warmest congratulations.
"Mind the Paint Girl1
The Sally Mine
A flash of the galleries, with
their comedy scenes, as well aa of
the stage itself, is scene in "Mind
the Paint Girl," a picture based on
theatrical life, a First National
attraction which will be shown at
the Greenwood Theatre, on Saturday, Nov. 19th.-
Anita Stewart takes the leading
role, supported by Conway Tearle,
in this remarkable picture of the
joys and sorrows _ of the grease
paint girls. She takes the part of
a little shim girl who is ambitious,
is pretty and has a good voice.
Her rise from a chorus girl to a
famous player in a night is intensely fascinating.
"The Sally property at Beaver-'
dell operated by the Wallace
Mountain Mines, Ltd., is one of
the few silver mines in the province which has continued to operate successfully throngh the
period of silver deperssion. Despite the demoralized state of the
silver market this mine is running
steadily with a force of 15 men and
in addition to meeting all expenses
iB paying a moderate profit to its
owners. The Wallace Mountain
Mines, Ltd., is a company company composed of Penticton men,
It was formed abont three years
ago at which time a lease was
taken on ihe Sally, a group of 12
crown granted mineral claims at
Beaverdell. These claims had at
one time been worked by Robert
Wood and pthers. Since the Wallace Mountain company took over
the property it has been developed
considerably and has shipped a
considerable quantity of high grade
ore. In 1920 abont $80,000 worth
of ore was shipped. The ore mined
at present runs between 300 and
400 ounces of silver to the ton with
some lead and a trace of gold.
Recent developments indicate a
better showing of silver values
than at any previons stage. With
a stiffening of the silver market it
it is expected that even better returns than obtainable at present
will be forthcoming to' the owners.
Recently an announcement was
made in these columns that the
Wallace Monntain Mines, Ltd.,
had given a lease and bond on the
mines to the Glenville A. Collins,
Engineers, Ltd., of Vancouver.
The ' report, however, proves to
have been incorrect. The Herald
is informed by H. B. Morley, -pec*
retary of the Wallace Mountain
Mines, Ltd., that although advances were made to them by the Collins Engineers seeking to obtain
such a lease and bond, the negotiations came to nothing and the
legal company continues in possession and will operate the mines as
heretofore."���Penticton Herald.
A Great Producer
Loton Horton, the. milk king,
said at a dinner in New York:
"The milk trade has many enemies
but the- worst of them have to
admit that milk Is . purer than it
used to be.
"A diaryman of old Si Haskins'
pattern would land in jail to-day.
Si, you know, said to his hired
man one morning:'. -'Pete, go
around among the cows and give
them each a nice fresh cabbage.
Give one to" each, but mind you be
sure and -give the largest cabbage
to  the; cow   that  gives the most
milk.'. .'.'"_'���...    -xxy .yy ���
V"On Pete's return,, bid.Si-asked
him. if- he had obeyed, orders:
'Sure Mike,' said Pete with a grin.
'I gave the cows a. cabbage apiece,
andThung the biggest cabbage on
the;pump handle.'" .;=--.
H. L. Jenkins Dead
Walter ClarkV of Midway, . was
on a,business.trip to town on
7-The second annual Masquerade
Ball - "under the auspices, of ,. the
Grass Hockey Club- willVheVheld
in the Riverside. Hall on Friday,;
;bec; 2nd, 1921. "There wUl,. be
four .prizes and Bush's':.orchestra'.'
will furnish the .musicV A\"first.
class.1 floor manager; will. ialso be
in" attendance. A-.bigvcrowd- is
expected, and a good;time_assured.
���;7The Ledge has/always.x.room
'brjonesiors'ad, ���' .-'> ."XxXy'XX:
H. L. Jenkins, head of the North
American Lumber Co., arid well
known thronghout the Boundary
died in Vancouver last Thursday.
Mr. Jenkins owned the Midway
Ranch at Midway and "Minnekado
Ranch" at Coquitlam.
Mr. Jenkins is survived by hiB
wife, two daughters and one son.
A Warning
For the information of ��� those
who are in the habit of placing
notices, etc.;,.in the postoffice,. the
following will be of interest: 7
.."Advertising notices; should .on
no account be   posted   np in  the
lobby of postoffices."
; Sometimes, unknown to the post-
masterj such ^notices are pcitih the
loqqy of the office Constant vigij)
lance is required to prevent infraction of the.law in this connection.
. Only notices from governmental
departments can be posted in post
The Reply Corjdiale
:: .Excited; Lady .(at the phone)���
f.?I: want my husband, please, at
6nce.'?,;-;77 ;7 7-7' V77' .-"���������.- "���''<"
jV-TeXephpne^Gfiri'.Xfrorii sthe exchange)��� ^Number, please?" ��� 7>vV
, _fecite^'7;L^y..-;(snapp3sly)y-
I'How manjVdo you think I've
got. you impertinent thing''���-Telephone; TalkV'V7V..VV>7.7V '"-'';:-;:
There is one dance held each
year in Greenwood-that even the,
Masonic Hall is not large enough
to accommodate comfortably the
huge crowds that flock there,- and
the attendance at the third annual
G.W.V.A. Masquerade Ball easily
beat all records and was most gratifying in every wayr The gross receipts of the" evening amounted to
$243.16, which guaranteed the
financial success of the affair.
The masquerade feature was
most brilliant, more than three
quarters of those present appearing
in costume, and during the Grand
March for the .judge's inspection,
the procession formed a ' kaleidoscope of color which was a delight
to the eye. The platform, ends . ~
and sides of the building were��
thronged with spectators, and
everybody was in a wonderfully
good, humor, each attempting to
peer throagh the many clever disguises, and name the wearer of a
masque and costume, many of
which were bo ingenious that it
was impossible to even make a
guess at the identity of the wearer.
Many costume displayed more than
ordinary taste, and the whole pre- "
sented a bizarre and fantastical
spectacle. Always a delicate and
difficult function/the judging was
this year undertaking very kindly
by Mrs. H. Snell, Jas. Kerr and P.
E. Crane. Their decisions _were
as follows; For best dressed lady,
Miss- CecilliiT Mcintosh, who ap-~ '
peared as a butfeerfiyj Best dressed
gent W. Bryant, as Court Page;
Best comic, Miss Maria Williamson and Miss Agda Carlson; Best
dressed child, Eileen Bryan, as
Kewpie, and Lewis Clerf as a
.Dainty refreshments were served
by a hard working ladies' committee. No small task the feeding of
such a big crowd���over 250 were
fed, but the supper was enjoyed by
all there being plenty for everyone,1
To Mrs. Clerf and Miss Jessie Mur-'
ray much praise is due for the pro-
flcientjway jn which they handled	
"the providing of the refreshments.
The evening as a whole proved
to be one ofjmueh pleasure to all
who attended either as participants
or spectators. The dance was ably
floor managed by H. A. Nichols,
of Midway.- Splendid musj-a.-wa8
provided by Werner's orchestra of
Grand Forks. Besides the majority
of-people of Greenwood, many notable visitors from neighboring
points were present.
MacKelvie on tour of Riding
.J7 A. MacKelvie started last
week on a tour of the riding; and
wiil visit.. every, section. Last
week he'addressed largely attended
meetings at Enderby, Grindrod and
Mara. This week he held meetings
at Princeton, ;Coalmbnt.City, Coal-
mont. Mines, .Cawston,' Keremeos,
Okanagan Falls and Oliver. .He
willaddresB meetings at the following places: ".-_.-���: x -'-.'.' :;. ���' .-, V.V7-'"':
7 .Grand Forks 8 p.m. V
;'   Rock Creek 3 p.m.
Greenwood 8 p.m.X,
Brideaviile 2.30 p.m.  V 7
. V    vWesfeBankSp.m.    7
Nov. 26   West Summerland 6 p:'m.
Nov. 28.7    ,-"    Naram"ata3p.m.7;i:
-Nov.' 22'
Nov. 23"
Nov. 23
Nov, 24
Nov. 28
Nov: 28
Nor. 29
Nov.. 29;
Nov. 30
Dec. 2 V-
Dec 5    .
Penticton 8 p.m..
Ellison 3 p.m.
... Kelowna S p.shV
7    Oyama 3 p.m.
r      Lumby 8 p.m;;
. Peachland 8 p.m.
Vernon 8p.m.
Armstrong 8 p.jn. rvrrTpi
T TnT-v^iT?
n T>TPT'\T-WTk OT)
"R.      0.
DiscovereATrue Remedy
For Systematic Catarrh
A bad case of Catarrh is not an
easy thing to treat, and a remedy that
makes good, deserves great credit.
Catarrhozone certainly fixed up Chas.
H. Webb, who .writes from Woodstock: 'Tor a number of years I was
troubled -with systematic Catarrh.
Nothing helped' me very much. I
used Catarrhozone Inhaler and got relief. ' To build up my system, I used
Ferrozone. This ...combination can't
be beaten. They made me well."
Your case may also be bad, but Catarrhozone will do for you what it did
for Mr. Webb. Two months treatment $1.00, small size 50c. All dealers or the Catarrhozone Co., Montreal.
Curious Arab Customs
- Education
Achievements and Benefits of thc
Agricultural Instruction Act
One of the most progressive steps
in recent years jn the interest of agriculture was undoubtedly the grant
of ten million dollars made by the Dominion rarliament on the advice of
the Minister of Agriculture to be
divided pro rata among the different
provinces over a period of ten years,
beginning in 1914 under the Agricultural Instruction Act. The money
was to be used for the promotion of
Instruction of agriculture, not necessarily confined to the young, but extending to all interested in the basic
industry of the country. For several
years eleven hundred thousand dollars has been so divided each year
and will be continued for a term yet
unexpired. The effect has been a
great improvement in, and extension
of, education in the direction aimed.
Ainong the main achievements under
the act are the aiding of the agricultural representative system, which
places the knowledge and experience
of especially trained and educated
men at the seiwice of every farmer;
assistance to agricultural colleges,
and in the establishing of agricultural
schools; the promotion by counsel and
advice of co-operation and marketing;
the giving of practical and valuable
demonstrations in horticulture and
other branches of the agricultural industry; instruction by direct methods,
.in livestock, dairying, poultry and beekeeping; instruction in field husbandry, Including crop competitions,
demonstration plots, seed production
and weed control; instruction in soil
treatment and use and value of fertilizers; methods lo be followed in.
under-draining and the beneficial results to be derived, therefrom; the promotion of short courses; demonstration train service; aid to boys' and
girls' clubs and school fairs, and-to.
women's institutes.,."- -,"      _'. ��� '
The financial assistance rendered by
the" grant has enabled - each of the
provinces to greatly,'extend, its efforts
.in these lilies of work with7a corresponding advance in farming -methods.
Nativ-es Do Things Directly Opposite
to English Way
An. Arab laughs at the idea of walking in the street with his wife or of
ever vacating his seat for a woman,
and his wife walks behind him. ' He
has-no use for chairs, tables, knives,
forks, or even spoons, unless they are
wooden ones. Bedsteads, bureaus
aud fireplaces are also considered
worthless by him. On entering a
house an Arab removes his shoes, but
not his hat. He mounts his horse
on the right side, while his wife milks
the cow on the left side. He puts
nearly all his compliments on thc outside of a letter he"' writes. He sees
to it that his head is always wrapped
warmly, even in summer, and disregards his feet entirely, often going
barefooted In the winter. He reads
and writes from right to left. He
eats little for breakfast, little for dinner, but at evening time, when the
work of the day is done, he sits down
to a hot meal swimming in oil or
boiled     butter. His     sons     eat
with him, but the woman waits until
his lordship is done.
How Canada Was Named!
' ."' -. A Silent Scream;':-
- "Dragging out . from beneath'_her
bed the suitcase, she crammed in the
little, garment, and, finally, .strapping
down the lid again, laid her. head
against it silently, ..screaming herdes-
-pair."���Red Book Magazine." ��� -.
. '-Swedish, mothers put money 'into
their- child's first .bath, believing that
this" brings-future wealth'.'7- ';'   -'-.'"-
-; Surnames cannot be-traced further
back than the latter-part; of. thc 10th
' century.- '������������-.������XX'     .    ���'''---' . "��� ���:
- No"improvements in the method "of
burning" '-bricks' has .been.found -jn
more than a- century.V''"'���" -'���:-��� '-������'='; -'.'��� ���������'
>etitei yW��,
Gamed 20 lbs.
Could   Not   Feel Better
���". From a .nervous', wreck this man
was. restored- to '--health,' "strength
and happiness;. V *.,.���..
* He tells 'his 'own _story in. this
7 MrV 7. Ralph    A.     Roberts,
Lbveraae Sask., writes:
- '"In .1917 I Kadloss all- appetite,
failed  25  pounds   in  weight,  become
7very nervous and shaky and -' io . fact
given Tip  all  hope  of. recovery.     Fer
.some time I had suffered from coniti-
patioB, which kept setting worse, until
! was fast becoming a total wreck.
Doctor* and their drugs were sending
me to my grave" at the, age of 39.
'.-;'.*'-Then-.-I, m��I , about/people; being
:re?tored'fcy.-Dr.-ChaieVMedicines' and'
after, three.'month*', use. of-Dc.' Chase**.
-NeiTe7F<^_-;��nd.iKidn;^-Liv;er-Pil!i I.
found--that' my bowels, were! restored .tp.
normal .iaavemerif' each; d*y;_and.'.the
.coBitipation was ho'"more: Jfhad a.,good
appetite^' had ���' gained, 20"pounds' 'and.
couid ��� not-: fee! beKer.-T-I-ihsH./ilways
be -grateful.' for these, fceaefits," "-,". X\
VVprV Chase*sr;Nerve7 Foot!, 50c/
a. box;\ Dr. /Chase'si Kidnsy-Liyer
Pills,;'25cv;a bbiiVafl- ' cfcajers7qr-,
Toronto, v-XXXyX.- "cX XX" XX 7 ;���;; ?;
Queen Victoria, Suggested Name of
"Dominion" For New Colony
J. S. McKinnon, President of the
Canadian Manufacturers' Association,
recalled an interesting and a little-
known historical fact to the members
of the Young Men's Club of the Board
of Trade, Toronto. Few people, he
said, knew why Canada was called a
Dominion. The name was decided
on when the B. N. A. Act was framed
in London. For some time there was
much discussion on what the colony
which stretched from >ea to sea
should be called. "Commonwealth"
did not suit; and "Empire" was rejected, because it was felt the term
would wound the democratic sensibilities of other people of the North
American continent.
Finally, Queen Victoria was appealed to for a suggestion. Her Majesty's reply referred the Commissioners to the ninth chapter and
tenth verse of the Book of Zacharlah,
where are to be found the words:
And His dominion shall be from sea
even to sea, and from, the riven even
to tho ends of tho earth," and so
Canada became a Dominion.
OnChest,Face,Arms, Burned
Badly. Cuticura Heals,-
" Ever since I can remember, my
chest, face, and arms were filled with
dry, ie_i-pimples. They were scattered all over me, and itched terribly
at times, and I scratched them, causing them to fester and get sore.
Sometimes they would dry away and
form scales which burned badly.
"Then I used Cuticura Soap and
Ointment. I had used them two or
three times when I felt better and I
was healed with one box of Cuticura
Ointment together with the Cuticura
Soap.". (Signed) Miss Bertha Kass,
Russell.Manitoba.February 19,1919.
Use Cuticura Soap and Ointment
for all toilet p.urposes. Soap to
cleanse, Ointment to heol.
Soup 25c, Ointment 25 and 50c.    Sold
throuEliouttheDominion. CanadianDepot:
Lym��n��. Limited. St. Paul St., Montreal.
Cuticura Soap ��b��Tc�� without mug.
Ocean Derelicts Cause Wrecks
Famous Trees
Americans Have Hall of Fame For
Historical. Trees
The American Forestry Association
announces a list of trees that have
been placed in its Hall of Fame for
trees with a-history. The idea is to
preserve famous historical trees and
to .mark the dates that had a great
influence. on American history, such
as ��� the arrival - of ' John and Charles
Wesley in America. The tree under
which' Wesley ��� preached is an" oak
.tree still" standing on St. Simon's Isr
land. The.Webster tree,is the tree
on which the great orator hung his.
scythe, when" he finally decided'to
go to Dartmouth College." To mark
the 115th ' anniversary of . the path-
finding expedition of Lewis and. Clark,
a tree-has been selected where they
held- one ��� of their .first councils, with
the- Indians-after leaving .-St. .Louis.
The .tree was 150 years "old at least
before" Lewis, and Clark camped below,it. 'Nominations to the Hall, of
Fame- aro7niade' by.various, associations.   '-       ���." -   :- '-. -   '""'V     V 7 -
Vessels Burnt to Waterline Dreaded
By Sailors
According to the United States
Hydrographic office, eight vessels are
on an average wrecked each year in
the North Atlantic by collision with
derelicts, and the average number of
derelicts afloat at any time in that
part ��� of the ocean is not less than
A derelict is a wreck that does not
sink at once. Such a vessel, if loaded with lumber or some similarly
buoyant cargo may remain afloat for
weeks���even months. She may lose
all her top hamper and so be rendered almost invisible. But the worst
and most dangerous of all derelicts
are those which have been burnt to
the waterline, and such a wreck is
more dreaded by sailors than icebergs, fogs or storms.
Such was the Taurus, a Norwegian
barque, which was sighted eighteen
times before she was sought out and
destroyed. Two ships actually collided with her, but happily without
receiving serious injury.
The Dunmore, a 3,000-ton Cardiff steamer, abandoned off Newfoundland early in 1906, -wandered
about the Atlantic for more than two
months before" she was at last
brought io book.
Twentieth Century Manna
Fal.ls - For. -Three" Months   Along   the
7  "'"'   Persian-Frontier, ,7  ,'.'X.-''"'���
;- Marina .is -found now'; in - the regions
of .upper Mesopotamia- and Kurdistan
and ,-a.iohg. -.the -Persian'' frontier.   ; It
falisisays ,the,.U.S. Consul 7 in. Jerusalem, in-the'form of/dew during. Sep:
tembeiv.Octpb'er: and -November, .and
lodges .upon the. "leaves- of7oak-trees.-
_ It' immediately hardens."and. assumes
-the form". of a "".grain."-'- ' .Early- in the
morning.before the'heat of the; day it
Is'.gathered by .spreading sheets, beneath .the -trees', which are shaken, and
: the" marina is then .collected arid ..it'or,-'
jc.d for winter 'to be-used "as" a food or'
-shipped,   to.  Bagdad, .for sale In the
; bazaar.      The manna-falls on .other
j vegetation, ��� including grass, but. all of
Itis lost except that which is gather-
; ed from the oak leaves.     The manna
:.|3 sweet and-is eaten-by the natives
as a substitute, for sugar- or honey..
Ruins Of. Ar.cient Ostia
Excavations'Show.Country Was Very
Wealthy and  Prosperous
The excavations' at Ostia, the harbor of. ancient Rome," at the mouth of
the Tiber, have brought, to light protecting walls, docks, storehouses, porn-
lofts, barracks, public baths,, palaces,
great lodging houses arid- inns. . ,In
no other place except Pompeii do ancient remains enable us so well to picture the manners and habits of a busy-
population of  twenty  centuries ago;
Two broad, intersecting streets divld-
,ed;;,the". town.;; into, four, great: quarters;
';Thft-,extent7ahd:variety of. Jhe-.'ruinjaS:
'���.-Well^aa ..the,;beauty;'. of;. some -���������'.of-;: Jhe
;. in'oriiimerits,-':such.-. as; thBviheatre,; the
;iffiperlai;.paJac"e.arid- the temples; show,
_"the. wealth' and;prosperity;, -that..: the
.-���pl'ace--had:.;in':th'e^;;days-:6f- the -.empire.'
- 'Ostia,;was-. aba.ndpned7.af tenthe./ fall/of
Rome.Vind 'during theVcenturies7of
.'neglect :wa3-;buried7'uri.'der .river jrnud
i-arid.'sand.'X VVV.77 7; yXXXX;-'VV
Why Peacock Feathers
Are Thought Unlucky
Superstition Is Founded on Legend'of
Since- the ancient days of mythology reacock's feathers, have been,
considered emblematical of treachery
and misfortune, and the origin of the
.superstition is founded ori the following classical story: Osiris, the King
ef Egypt when- starting on ���an - ex-
pedition.to India, left his-Queen, Isis,
to look".after his kingdom, with; his
Minister, Argus, as-.her chief counsellor. Argus, "with ' his "hundred
eyes (or. rather spies); made' himself
very- objectabie,- and at last, seized
Isis- imprisoned her in a castle,, and
proclaimed., himself King. . Mercury
\yas sent to:the rescue with an army,
and ������ he' took -"Argus captive' and beheaded him, when Juno changed him
into a peacock-and set his eyes in his
tail. 7 The; idea that peacock's fea'th-
.ers'in a house: are .unlucky originates
iri this legend arid thc various additions that.have been made to it "froin
time .to  time/   '"'.."=;'"      -:-.-'.-
Tke   V^inter   Bed
An  Acknowledged .JSxpert  in All
Matters Pertaining to Household Management.
With the advent of cooler weather,
every housewife is going over both
beds and their furnishings with a view
toward making them comfortable for
winter. For, while we may enjoy a
nap on the couch with the merest
sheet drawn about us in the summer's
heat, only a well-made bed, with
warm, comfortable furnishings, will do
in winter.
In almost all our large housefurnish-
ing shops sales of sheets, pillow slips
and blankets, as well as comforters or
quilts, tempt us. Before making up
her mind as to what shc needs, each
woman in charge of a home should go
carefully through the details of making the bed. Then jot down reminders.
To mako a bed, first be sure that
the mattress is the other side up from
what it was the-night before. Turning the mattress keeps it from becoming worn down in one place. You
may decide that you want your mattress in two sections to facilitate turning. In buying a new mattress or
having thc old one made over, remember this.
Have a pad over the mattress and
under tho lower sheet. Have under
sheet right side up, broad hem at top.
Have second sheet wrong side up,
broad hem at top. Be sure that both
sheets havo middle crease exactly in
the middle of the bed.
In purchasing sheets, the width will
depend upon whether .you are purchasing the sheet for a single or three-
quarter or full size double bed. But
���every worthwhile sheet must be two
and three-fourth yards long, to enable
one to properly tuck it in and protect
the mattress. In buying sheets insist upon having the sheet measured
in your presence. <
Put the blanket on the bed at least
eight inches below the top of the bed
and turn the top sheet down to keep
the blanket clean. Both sheets and
blankets should be tucked in with the
square hospital corners "and should bc
pulled so tight that there is, not a
wrinkle anywheuc. If the blankets or
sheets are purchased too small in sizo.
this cannot be properly done and the
wrinkling will cause the sleeper much
discomfort as well as give tho bed an
untidy appearance.
The spread should be put on next.
The corners may be turned in as the
sheets, but the sides of the spread
may be allowed to Jiang.
' If a pillow is clean and smooth and
lies very square upon the. bed^ it. adds
-beauty and attractiveness to the bed.
Therefore, be careful to" purchase pillow slips .that are a good.fit for the
pillows they encase. - ��� -.'
"".. If a comforter is used/roll it-neatly
and place it. at the. foot' of the bed.
Havethe sales'tnan'show you the com-
fotcrs filled with ..silk floss or down.
These "are light in weight, but give
much warmth on.cold nights.'~
' Bed, furnishings,' unlike styles in-
clothing, do not-go out" of style. .It
is therefore advisable .to have, a good:
ly stock, on hand���at. least a"' dozen
sheets for each, two beds.....    V ' ..
All-wool blankets arean investment.
Buy them at a reliable shop arid then
take good care of them. They yrill
last',for years...        ',       7     ' -,
If Losing Looks or Strength
Read This Carefully
Once you were robust, bright and
happy.     To day you are dull, worried,
failing in vitality    and    appearance.
Just when you should be at your best
you!re played out and need a cleansing
medicine.     Get the right remedy and
your blood will redden, your vivacious
spirits will soon return, and you'll be
. yourself again.     You should use Dr.
I Hamilton's Pills���a   truly   wonderful
I medicine.     It drives away headaches^
1 and weariness, lifts the load from your
i liver, tones up the stomach, puts you
son your feet in no time.      Use Dr.
i Hamilton's Pills and watch the result,
i in a week you'll feel like new.     All
dealers', 25c, or The Catarrhozone Co.,
America In Select Class
Last- Census Shows  Population'-'. Oyer.
���-_. "7   Hundred Million Mark;-   " :������'
��� .Our American cousins came'put of
their recent census" well- oyer, the ^lun^
dred'million mark.'arid therefore joined' a:very select class;1.    At' the- iiOr-7
inal rate,.says a recent authority, Rus-.
sia 7would probably- be very;near the
'2'00.'millibri'\riow-,. though .it; is impossible '.to;judge .of .the .effect idfJ the last
few years.    '"India-is far-.beyond; 300
riiillions?,. :and" China-, has   a- ..teeniing';
population of more than 100. tniliions;
Probably  Japan   conies  next  to -,the.
.United States with 77 millions at\h.c
last count.      The population of. the
world .at the present time is placed at
a'bouf 1,6:10,000,(100. .   It has-been estimated-tliat the earth can maintain it.
population    of    r.,, a. total,
which will be penfjlicd-A'.p.'2100 at the
pre'sent'rate of increase." '-
-Saving Grace
airs.- Browne.���I must say my hu's.-
band is most economical. Does your
misband save much?
Mrs. Towne.���Before we were married he saved mc from drowning,, but
he hasn't saved anything since.���Wayside Tales/-.   .
Give your local merchants a chlmce.
Buy at.hpme.-^;: XX.XXXX,,- ��� X..X    .'���"���
W.  -N>:-.17��� . J324<
y Be":falr7to-youri7ldcai='--':inerc^ari.t8.-
Ask-.-"to";-eee'Vhis/goods'a.n<�� compare
prl'ce37before. 'Eeriding;.your..money -to
the inail''order.-.housesr--".Yon -will;find
that jt pays, yXXf-y'XXX-XX x- 7.'
Charles.of Austria V.
7  7; V  Going to Portugal
Ex-Emperor -.Wil!"  Be    Deported    to
. Futichal, Madeira. .. ���'
-' The; -Portuguese , Government has
granted permission for," the deporta;
tion" of., ex-Emperor "Charles', of 'Austria,"- the'Empress and .their children
to' Funchal,' Madeira.- Isjand,' where
they.-'"will.- take.'--up-their.residence.-
Theirhome hereafter will probably be'
in" the'wing'of an enormous:building
at Funchal, which was' intended as.a
sariatoi-iurii when it .was ���.-'constructed-
some.'years. ..ago b"y'.a"group...of- German-
financiers. . The; building'never was
finished ��� because-'' of ."a.disagreement
between ihe -Portuguese Covermnent
and the Germans, and,7the.,plaee,has'
been -without occupants. . ; '
�� _ Ehnching Humanity'
IMmlop, inventor of.-thc pneumatic
tire, got his', idea -while, making -a-
bicycle for his son. 7". Many .other up'j-
ful ideas have, been;evblved by parents
while cmgaged "in'tryins.to enteria.iri
the children.- -.-7."., -
.- Soiric of the - ���world's-;greatest
.'���writers have. won. lasting .-fame -by
publishing originally -stories written
-for the amusement of the nursery.
Celebrated artists have discovered
their talents through In much the
same way.
Punishing children' is a barren occupation, but giving them pleasure has
often enriched ^humanity.���Toronto
English Settlers For B.C.
Thousand Families Coming, to Northern Part of Province
One thousand families will come to
British Columbia from the British
Isles to settle in the Stuart Lake country in the northern pai;t of the province as a result of action just taken
by a committee of the British House
of Commons, on" a proposal made by
Hon. T. D. Pattullo, minister of lands,
while he was in London.
The area to be settled consists of
200,000 acres, under reserve north of
the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway.
Mr. Pattullo placed before Alfred
Bigland, "head of the committee, a
plan for the formation of a non-profit-making- organization, offered sare
of. the lands to the settlers at a classified price, and promised that every
dollar obtained for the land would be
spent on schools and roads.
Jellie.���Oh, yes, she takes her .hair
and eyes from her mother but her
complexion she must inherit from
her father.
Belle.���Her father?
"Yes. He was a ealsominer."���
Don't attempt to train up nyour
children In the way they should go
unless you are going that way yourself.
, Welding By Clockwork
Automatic Machine Has /'Been Perfected By British Firm
In shipbuilding and in many engineering operations, it is necessary
to fix brass studs and other .small
parts to iron plates. This operation
is usually performed by drilling holes
in the jdate, each hole being drilled
separately. By means of a most ingenious invention recently perfected
by a British firm, the process is carried out in a few seconds by electric
welding. The working of tlffe machine is almost entirly automatic
from the moment the stud is placed
in position. Each size of- stud requires a different time for welding it
to the plate, and the machine can be
set to give exactly the period required
to make a perfect weld. The tests
which have been made proved that
the machine is able to weld 120 brass
studs within an hour. It might be
thotight that welding does not give
such a firm, arrangement as screwing
the stud into a hole in the plate, but
when the welded stud is hammered
the brass will break before the weld
yields. Another advantage of the
machine is that work can be satisfactorily .carried out by semi-skilled
i "Faddy'Appetites
o When the digestive organs are out
? of order you need the help of
5 .Mother Scad's Syrup. The herbal
medicinal extracts of which the
Syrup is made, restore tone and
strength to jaded stomachs, make
food yield nourishment and save
from the many ills which indigestion brings. Mother Seujel's Syrup
is now sold in 50c. and $1.00
bottles at drug stores.        0.e21
Revenue of Manitoba
He was a man of wisdom who said:
"Worry is interest on trouble, ,paid
in advance."���Ideas- and Ideals.
It is computed that the average
man speaks in the course of a year
11,000,000 word*. ���
Don't   work   too   hard   trying   to
avoid work.  ,
There are said to be nearly 20,000
known medicinal remedies.
Says Germany Not
Preparing For War
Ministry "of Defence Has Issued Denial
* Of Reports
The ministry of defence, in a statement to the Associated Press, denied
the widespread newspaper" reports
that Germany was fostering a secret
army, utilizing her factories for war
purposes, and evading the disarmament clauses of the Versailles treaty
generally, in preparation for another
"Germany Is not threatening., the
peace of the world; she is in no -condition to be a danger," was the statement.
"Relative to the charges that war
material, guns and' ammunition have
been secretly furnished the civilian
population, Germany^ international
situation is the best answer, for It is
undeniable that such a course would
gravely endanger the nation itself, in
view of the agitation and unresc in
evidence during the past year."
Big Sums Collected by Provincial!
Governmentjn Taxation
During the past year the Provipcial
Government of Manitoba has collected -30,000 as a result of the amusements tax. Last year there was
spent in Manitoba for amusements
53,763,308, while soda fountains alone
yielded in taxes ?2,225,000. The following items of. revenue will be detained ' by the Manitoba Government'
this year. Automobile licenses, ?600,-
000'; .corporation taxes, $900,000; succession duties; ?<100,000; marriage
licenses, $10,00'0. The total expected revenue of the province is csti-,
mated at ��9,770,172.
Eight hundred ches3 players, both
men and women, participated in��� a
recent tournament in London. -
In the ninth  century horses were
shod only in times of frost.
Some people who take things easv
land In Jail. :  !; !j 1)1
Banana Tree Yields Most Food
No plant gives such a quantity of.
food to the acre as the banana; it
yields 44 times more by weight "than
the potato, and 133 tinges more than
wheat. Moreover, no insect will^at-
tack it, and it is always imnnme from
disease of any kind.
Claims World's Championship
"Ladj_  Lena,"  a Barred  Plymouth
Rock hen.registered at the Dominion
Experimental    Farm  "xat    Kentville,
Nova Scotia, laid 104 eggs    in    104
days,  and is, the  Halifax  Chronicle
asserts, the. champion of   the   world.
During 1820 she laid 246 eggs.   -
1 ��� ���
, The oldest building In Itlo de- Janeiro is the Church of St. Sebastian,
begun two years after the city was
founded in 1565.
Farmer.���Would you like to buy a
jug of cider?
Thourist. ��� Well,er-is-it ambitious
and. willing to work?���New York,
t   Night
��** Morning>,���.,_���_ ,
eepVbur Eyes
Cleiin - Clear ���"<* Heohhy
Writs for Tr.e Ey�� Car* Bool< Murine Co.CMctt^o.USA
' ia
7 Wheat From Montreal
:; By-the;end.of the navigation "season
this,year,it.-is'expected.there will have
beerrmdre than--132;o6,0i000:,bushels'.of
grain .'shipped:from Montreal,- a 7totaI
.which ' is ../nearly*/ twice;' as -;;muc'h.,::as
that' shipped- 'In.'anyrprevious'"season"
and mpre.xhan-th'c - total; shlppe'-i from -;
all "other: Atlaritic-.EOjtsVco'inbined. 7 :
-77.VAstrpnomy.'7���Hd��st ScienceyX:
-V. .Astronomy; hasvtiie.-.g.lbry" of ������ b eing-
tke' oldest "of the/.s-ciences;V,,.,l.t"wa5'By.
watching7 the "spangled.'heavens '7 that
inan':. firs't.'.gb.tVliis ''concep.tion'/.of7an-'
ordered -..universe;' and -.frojii7 that .'/the :|
1 idea .of: other things'.govexned;by-.Jaw7
7| v -
THE     L-ETim. "T;RK1.]m WOOD.   -Li.
ie Every Eff6ft Tbv
Attain World's Desire
Washington.���Delegates of the British Empire approach the armament
and Far Eastern conference "in a
spirit of confidence and high resolve,"
the acting head of the-British delegation, Hon. Arthur J. Balfour, declared upon his arrival at Washington, i
"It is more .than four years," Mr.
Balfour said, "since I left thi3 well-
remembered scene and said farewell
to many' friends at**Washington. It
was a most critical stage in the great
.war, and notwithstanding that there
was nothing more to be feared from
the enemy's battleships, the submarine campaign, though its intensity-
had somewhat diminished, was still
most formidable. In the west and in
the east the victory by land hung in
the balance. America, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, animated by a
single spirit, was concentrating her
vast resources and preparing to
throw her whole strength into the
world struggle. We��allknow the result. It came more completely and
more quickly than most of -us had
dared to hope; and exactly three
years ago the greatest oF victories
concluded the greatest of wars.
"I little thought, when I took leave
of those from wlwrtiil had received
such endless kindness, that I shouj-d
again be called upon to revisit you,
( as  tlie  representative  of Great  Britain; still less did I think that three
' years after the armistice was signed,
j our whole thoughts woiild still be dl-
I rected forwards completing tho work
jof peace.      But so it is...   Nothing
j could less resemble the work that had
I to be.done in 1917 than the -work in
which we are all concerned in 1921.
Yet they.are-.;not 7 only   'intimately
connected;   but   they form a part of
the same ��� international endeavor and
he    would  .be- -a rash prophet who
would say that the victories of peace
are easier to'attain than the victories
of war.    But surely we may approach
these new labors in a spirit of confidence and -high hope.    We must not.
indeed either ask for or expect the
impossible,  although  whatsis within
our. roach  is   worth  pur   utmost  efforts.     And I cannot doubt- that under the wise guidance of your president, we shall be fortunate enough to
attain it.      Most happy was the-inspiration which moved him  to summon this.conference.   I am convinced
that all'those'who are'going to meet
here in consul, and the governments
which   they   represent, are resolved
to the best or their ability to co-operate with hiin in making it a success.
This is the-world's desire; it will not
fail of achievement."
Lloyd George May
Yet Attend Conference
Washington.���Mr, Lloyd George,
In a personal message delivered at
the state department by Ambassador Geddes, expressed regret at
his inability to attend the opening
session of the conference and declared that nothing but the intensely delicate state of the Irish
negotiations and matters relating
to unemployment legislation in"
parliament precluded his attendance. He stated that he hoped
to.'be present before the conference reached the deciding stage of
its momentous work.
. Edmonton.���That the -Provincial
Government should take oyer the control of the sale of liquor, and use the
revenue    derived    for improving- the
-health and hospital conditions of the
province, was the contention of Commissioner Yorath before the. Hospital
Association convention in. the source
of a paper on hospital finance.
' Mr. Yarath recommended the consolidation';.of all matters bf public
health - and hospital accommodation
uncrer a "local health council," consisting,  of   the" city   council with; a
'���"   "���������������'������" 7 -��� !
number of co-opted members.     Free
hospital treatment, he though, was
due those who cannot pay. the high
hospital charges-;- People-cannot afford to be. ill, arid-subsequent ^slight
ailments, through lack of treatment,
will naturally develop into a serious
<. The Provincial Government, Mr.
Yorath believed, is not contributing
its fair share towards maintaining
hospitals, and he declared there is
���waste' of public/.money- due/to lack
of centralization in all health service.
Soviet Premier/.
Predicts Trouble
Says Chase for Gold Will End in
' War.   ���'->.'.   '. ....-
,   Mpscp\y.rT7N'ikolai..Lenine,, the.   So-.
-viet premier, made the fourth anniversary of the Soviet republic the occasion of an article in an anniversary,
number issued by the Pravda", in
which he pPedicts tlie world-chase for
gold will result- in wars between the
United States and Japan, or the United States and. Great Britain-by 1925.
or 1928. .��� -      ._;
The article is entitled "The. Value
of Gold Now" and After the Victory"
���of Socialism."- In it-Lenine' says .'the
Soviet'Government has merely, retreated in the attack.on world capitalism and is strengthening its' .post
.tion" "so, it ' can make- renewed.as/
saults. ���" iTheso attacks, '.-ho predicts,
will "��� after 20 years or so, enable the
Russian   Communists  to   achieve, an.
'economic victory' which will', make
it possible to employ'all'the"gold-that
exists iii tlie building.of public-structures that.wiil demonstrate how fool-
, Ish.it _waMo.,ki!l,6,000,000.-men--in,-the-
.great war' for- the, sake' of gold,-.and
how foolish are the capitalistic" powers
who are planning, wars over gold such
-as he predicts.        ; - .     ��� 7 . - --'  - ���
Returns From
Perilous Journey
Small   Motor  Boat   Made  Journey  to
- ���:-,.'- - ':������ .Siberian Coast   -������
-.���"Vancouver.���The 'little motor ship,
Casco; captained by O. L. Lee, under
charter to the Hudson's Bay Company,
has returned from    an   .'adventurous-
Journey to th North Siberian coast,
j    The Oasco left here early in' June
<and -visited a-number of ports in the
.Behrhig and-Siberian .Seas. '   -At Pet-
. ropavlosk, while repairing gas tanks
'on a-."launch alongside, -two   of" tho.
.Casco's. crew   were' killed in an explosion. . "They were    G. A.  Clucas
and J. O.'Overhil), engineers," Sydney
Eivy, of Vancouver, sustained severe-
burns when he tried to rescue Clucas
at'tho risk of his life; ." 7     '."' - 7   -
Report Anti-Bolshevik Revolt -.,"
- London.���Cecil Harmsworth,'..undersecretary for foreign- affairs,, replying
to "a question in the'-House of Com-
��� nions," stated the" goyernment.jind received a-report that an. anti-Bolshevist
"revolution .had -broken out .In ��� the
southern .part of Russia. ; He saidnb
information.had been received,regard-,
ing a- report 7 that General Pelhira,
-'ykrau.lan-leader, was engineering (he
revolution from.'-Rumania-.".: --.'������
...New .Shippers, to*Trail Smelter/".,,/
, ".Nelson,-B.C.���Six;new shippers; all
front "the Slocan,. sent; ore lb the-Trail
smelter; during the/first*-week. in'No-
Vvember/,. - The week, was alsbaiotable."
for ..having' one.- of- the heaviest tbri-
uoges. of-tiie year.' 11,307 -ton's "of ore.
and"concentrates being received; .'The
total-receipts' for the year to 'date- ai
Trail stand at'3:13,508,tohs.   -   .������-.'''7
Ten Killed In >
Portugal Train Wreck
Rails    Placed    Across . Trgxsk    Were
_-���     Cause of Fatality    -;   77.7
Lisbon.���Teh' persons- are reported
j to have been .killed and eight injured,
when a passenger"train, from-the province of Algrave bound for Lisbon, was
wrecked.by rails  placed- across  the
track.      Many,, of--the -killed '-' aud
wounded "were wo.uen and children.; .-
.- Railway workers bave.'issued-a'mau-
ifesto.,declaring; that they'had no part
inthe7wrecking-of'.the train. -
Cocaine'Smugglers Arrested
Drug   Intended   For- Sale   to   Allied-
: Troops-on. Rhine._"'���
',. ,;Gcneva.���Nino .men" Svere. arrested
at" St. Louis,-hear. Basle; a few-dhys
ago " and,, .accused, of smuggling- ten
pounds .of "cocaine, "worth-: ?15,000. Into
:lie .occupied���_-JUiiiie- territory. .' The.
drug/was intended-for sale-among the
Allied/-, troops''��� by beautiful .women,
mostly deminoridaiiies,- at; an on'or;
nious iirofif... "...,' -'".",:
". /The :.baiid- of .'smugglers- is .large,,
and further arrests-are;expected.-'  .'
Britain Will Pay
Interest to U.S.
,      i '      /
Arrangement Has Been Made to Pay
. ��50,000,000 Yearly
London.���An arrangement has been
made to begin paying the interest on
the debt owned by Great Britain to
the United States at the rate of ��50,-
000,000 yearly, it was announced in
ihe House of Commons by Sir Robert
I-Iorne, chancellor of the exchequer.'
Sir Robert made this announcement
in- tlie course of a statement oil thc
budget prospects. He added with
emphasis: ^        >���.    '
"I hope this rerifark about the debt
we owe the United States will not be
made the occasion for any discussion
of the- inter-allied indebtedness. It
does not 'conduce to the friendliness
of the feeling between the United
States and ourselves to discuss that
matter at all at present."
%*�� :-    ; \. -
* '-1 *c>V;^>
increase in
Manitoba Population
1921 Census Shows Province Is Grow-
,    ... .-- ing Rapidly
Ottawa.-The ., result of.-the 1921
census shows that the population of
the province of Manitoba increased,
'from 461,190 in 1911 to 613,003, an increase of -12.92 per cent. The population of Winnipeg increased from 136,-
035 in 1911 .to-178,364 in 1921, an increase Of.-12,329 per cent. The city
of St. Boniface increased from 7,483
In 1911 to'12.81)3 hi 1921, art increase
of 5,333, or 71?20 per cent A recent
bulletin from the census department
gave St. Boniface a population of 13,-
816. "This, it was explained, was due
to a typographical error.
The city of Brandon increased
from 13.S39 in 1911 to 15,359 in 1921,
an increase of 10.99 per cent. Portage La Prairie incr-eased from 5,892
in 1911.. to 6,71S in. 1921, an increase
of 1-1.60 "per cent. "  ,-
Harris     Turner,     M.P.P.,     Turner's
Weekly, Saskatoon.
i ~~ ���        . " '
|     Japan Facing Deficit
Situation    Will    Make   the    Strictest
j    /   -���      Economy Necessary
j    Tokio.���Japan faces a deficit of 30,-
00.0,000 yen lor the present fiscal year,
..the cabinet was told by Baron Taka-
liashi, minister of-finance. . lie added
that   current   revenues indicated-the
figure might be even greater.     Commenting on diis. statement, thc Yomi
Hurl.Shinibun says:
"The situation renders/ strict economy in framing the new budget absolutely necessary. The finance department thus, will have to resort to
the broadest policy of retrenchment
in examining the draft estimates
presented by each government department."        _      ..
Victoria Can. Raise Funds in London
���.���. - When" Required
London.���A Melbourne dispatch to
the Exchange .Telegraph Company reports ,\V. M. McPherson, treasurer of
Victoria, as announcing ihat he had
"declined "attempting offer of 'a United States loan to Victoria." ' The declination, he said, was because of the
fact that he. had'completed negotiations in London for a loan to be available when the government here desired, to raise funds through this means.
May Postpone.   -
Payment of Reparations
Allies' May Allow Germans to Have
Five-Year Term
Merlin.���-The.allied reparations commission- is,expected, immediately to
begin".consultations with the German
Government concerning- "reparations
payments. Rumors arc current that
the" commission" is about - to" demand
an. immediate deposit, of security for
the January installment arid also that
a postponement in- the payment of .installments will, be permitted for . a.
period of five years.  7        -'.
Explosion.Causes Fire ._���-'-
Shawnee, \ Okla.���An explosion -at
the Chicago,. Rock Island and Pacific
Railroad-shops.-spread-il'ames over" the
entire structure. -The entire fire department responded to "the alarm: The
shops' here are the second .largest of
the-Rock. Jsland system'.-;  ' ���:������/'
::X- Girl' Held' in 718 Deaths" 7.. "
��� '-.Tokyo.���A .girl givlitg,her .name as
Ka.neko~i.-i..-held here jn, -connection
with ,-the death's of 1$ men. . - Police
say/the nien. died br-poisoning after
(hey had" Iiisurfed" their li.es and, niad'c
ICaneko.;their-beneficiary.-'��� 7,.
Development of
Empire's Resources
London.���The necessity for
more rapid development of the
Empire's resources with a view to
finding openings for the millions
of surplus British population and
new markets for British goods,
was emphasized by a deputation
representing the empire development parliament committee which
waited'on Winston Churchill, secretary of state for the colonies.
Financiar^olicy Of
Praised By U. S;
Fire Destroys-Ontario Homes
Great Britain Objects
to French Priority
Agreement Regarding Reparations Injurious to  British  Interests
Washington.���Objections have' been
made by the British Government to
the Loucheur-Rathenhu agreement under which Germany would pay a con- i
siderable part of reparations in kind,
that is in building materials and machinery, for the reconstruction of the
northern departments of France.
The protest, which has been forwarded to Premier Briand by cable
from Paris represents that the
agreement gives France a priority j
in payment over other allies ,and is
thus injurious to British interests.
Comment ainong members of the
French delegation to the armament
conference is that it was really upon
Two    Members   of    Family
Kearney Escape^
North Bay, Out.���Five persons dead
and one child badly burned, was the!that Great Britain intends to pay hex
total Vcached in the casualties of a jdebt to the United States and that for
New York.���A ��� tribute to the financial policy of the British Government
is contained in an editorial published,, by the New York Times. Commenting on the recent announcement
by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
firo which destroyed"'throe houses at
Kearney, Ont.        /
The dead are:
.Mrs. Fred Wheeler, her babysgirl,
Boris, aged three months; Doric,
aged .about thre-o years; Roy Wheeler,
aged about six, arfd Sophie, 17, who
died from boms. Another child,
Mildred, is in a critical condition..
The only members of the family to
escape wero William, aged 23, and
Freddie, aged nine, who jumped from
a window at the rear of the house,
j William made a brave attempt to
rescue bis mother from a front room
but she failed to answer to his calls.
She was dead. ,,
The    tragedy  occurred  during  the
absence of'Mr. Wheeler, who had left
for North Bay, a distance of about 25
miles, on an early train.   He was informed of the fatevof"4iis family by
the  suggestion  of British  statesmen,    telegram whlch waB. handed to lllm
that the French Government authorized M. Loucheur to   negotiate   with
M. Rathenau.
The London point of view was that
Germany ";could never pay more than
a I percentage of reparations in cash
and that France ought to take pro-
ductsin part payment.
U.S. Loan Declined
Auto^Runs Into Water
Four Men Have Narrow Escape
Throiii'h Driver's Error -
"Prince Rupert, B.C.���Four men narrowly escaped drowning when a-.e)os
ed automobile in which they were riding plunged, over a wharf here arid
sank in'the harbor.. Tlie men were
trying out a. new. Bar; and the driver
threw it into'"high" when-he" meant
to apply the. brakes.'. ��� 'They had to
light their way out'of ihe. closed c;ir
while-under water.      -������'.".        ' '
Students Protest
Against Ruling
Many Are Disenfranchised Under
' Present Election Regulations
Edmonton.���Students of the University of Alberta, following-the example
of those of Manitoba University are
protesting against the system of registration for the provincial election.   At
that purpose about. ?250,000,000- will
ho earmarked in the next budget, the
paper says:
"This, of course, is only in line
with ihe policy which the British
have found it wise to pursue for
many generations. A debt of ono
government to another is something
new, but the1 plan is to put it on the
same basis as if it wero a debt of
British     merchants. They-   havo
learned to feel that they will gain
more by being scrupulously loyal to
their obligations than they would by
failing to pay."
- After remarking that there never
was any doubt, that Great Britain
would pay what she owes, the Times
"In line with this   clinging   to   an
old    and   honorable tradition is the
steadfast way in which those respon-
r~ 7     XX-      ViV-" J'sible for the conduct of British pub-
at the station here and sobbing piti- ���
' hc finances have refused to run after
fully he sought the nearest telephone.
The, meagre information available as
yet does not account for the origin
of the fire.
Will Visit Western Provinces
Cousins of King George Have Planned
Hunting Trip
Montreal.���Their Roys! Highnesses
Prince -Erik of Denmark and Prince
Rene of Bourbon-Parma, each a cousin of King George,   plan   to   spend
some time in the west   fishing   and
hunting.     The latter is a brother of
.former Empress Zita,of Austria, and
!stated in an interview that she and
former Emperor Charles    had    been
a meeting of the Students' Union it . trapped ��� into    the recent Hungarian
was decided to send a formal protest
to  Ottawa  against the  virtual disen-
franchisement of the students, many
of whom are unable to return to their
homes to voto, as is necessary under
the present election regulations.
Salutes Valiant Canadians
adventure by Admiral Hortby the regent, who gained thereby a pretext to,,
have them excluded from the throne.
Shorn cf Splendor
Natives Rebel to Secure Independence
From Serbia
London.���-An insurrection has broken iu Montenegro for the purpose of
securing Montenegrin .independence
from Serbia, according. to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Rome
which connects the insurrection with
the Albanian situation.
,    ,, ,, ,     . .,     n       _,_.    -nMtio jlxj. ���U"��viUU .,��*..,. u.n< i.��,;viiuti , ~  A Montenegrin battalion,  says the
lowing cable on Armistice Day:    The , throughout theoountry. message,    has    seized the highly im-
city of Moiis, calling to remembrance i_ >
their liberators, salutes    the   valiant
Lord-Mayor's Show In London IS
Curtailed With a View to Economy
London.���The historic procession bf
thc Lord Mayor of London was shorn
of much of its customary splendor
with a view to economy in the face of
crazy notions. As the Prime Minister declared in his Guildhall speech,
they would not consent to debase the
currency. They would have nothing
to do. with the method of meeting deficits by printing money, on government presses. The gold standard has
been guarded. Liquidation,has been
enforced. Heavy taxes have been
laid to enable the treasury to make
both ends meet. . The result is that
Britain, which also had an artificial
'boom,' deflated it more rapidly and
is recovering from it sooner than other
"In a word, Great Britain has held
on to ancient and tested principles
of finance. She is now reaping the
benefit and preparing to do business
at the old stand."
Trouble In Montenegro
City of Mons Sends Message to Major-
4, . General Loomis-
M'ontreal.---Major-General   " D.      G. ,
t���������-,    -m^���- ,. t     -,.  i ' ��*,..   ,-���-' (-prevailing distress:-   The usual ban-1
Loomis,- Montreal,   received   the   10I-! ,
quets-jn connection with the election!
oi' new mayors throughout the country
(were abandoned in many "places for
.Cotton Destroyed By Fire.-
Cleveland", Miss..���Between 3,000 nn'd
5,000 bales'of cotton, were burned or.
badly damaged iii:.a fire which-destroyed a .storage shed-, at the Boiivar
Cottou-Compress Company..plant"herc.
The loss was estimated' at approximately $50.0,000. - The origin'of.the
fir.e'-ha's -not been determined.    "
Selling Out Racing'Stable: ;
Winnipeg.���D.' .7. McDonald, well-
known race horse owner of this/cUy,
is going out ofthe racing game and.-is
selling- his "entire-stable. -������ Phil-Patch;-
2:05-1-2." one of the leading pacers, in
Canada.-'l.o.sihg.onJy four races-this,
season, isainoiig the horses.to; be'sold.
Canadians, and salutes the memory of
your glorious  dead."-     -       ""
Gen.. Loomis - replied: "Vbur - message recel'/ed by all Canadians .ywith
gratitude. - W'e will never forget the.,
���sacrifices and .services of-the gallant'-!-11 s 1!
Belgian",arrhy.and. Its .people for the
Allied "cause. -Wc salute your glor
ioii.s dead."   . - -.,.-.
the. same reason.
..-  Defrauded Sister-'
New York".���Charged with- defraud-;
sister,'Miss Marjorie Bourne,
strategic    height ��� of Mount
.Lovcen.'- .   .
Vast forest ���'fires, alleged to have
been started by the Serbs, are raging in the .vicinity ofJPodgoriua.
The "advance of Jugo-Slav troops
into    Albania'   has been arrested  by
g jout.of _?3S9,120 in the distribution of  beary counter-attacks on the part of
���'-"-. : -VCaiiadian Hunter First 7 7''.-.'
Portland, - Ore.���-James "McCieavo.
Victoria, 11.C7-took -first, prize in t.he-
lightweight hun'ter.'class w-itli'Vitaliiy;'
and WaJter.' Spore,^Jiv.oL.Edrimmoh,"
was second jn iii'o same clans-with'
Dftiiiinoi ;:lt71-oiitand's.'iinriiiar-librsV
show.. -    -"_' '������.'-.-- ' <���'. ... ��� -."." -7'   ���' ���
Gets $15,000  For Auto- Injuries ���
.Winnipeg:���For   -injuries    received,
when lie was"'Struck by an'autoniobilo,-
Alpxander";T. Milne, local contractor,
was awarded-$15,000; by 'a jury' in, the
court  of  King's  Bench:  .   Mr.  Milne'
brought-suit, against the Ford Motor
Co. of Canada", Limited,   and   F-7 Ii.
Campbell, local sales  'manager,    and
driver- of' the" car,-- for""?30,'000.~" ���.' The'
case.-may  be  taken" tp   ih'c- court' of
appeal.'" ���- '. - v - ;-.'..
their father's ?40,000,000 estate, Ar
thur K. Bourne, wealthy "son of the
late' Commodore" Frederick G-. Bourne;,
former head of the Singer. Sewing
Machine Company, was "made'the de-
fendant'in a suit, - to "recdV.er.the"
amount. '     --.���  "
.the   Albanians,-   according to a Central News dispatch' from Rome-
Waterways  Plan Condemned
��� Montreal.���A -final - report strongly
condemning the scheme for.an ocean
ifcliip. channel to the Great; Lakes was
L&i'c.seriled; to:.tho..lo_cal7..chamber._ .of ..��,f_7*e_ .In^?.J^��?P:�� i��_the Imperial
i-Commerce- by7 its. transportation and
j Georgian Bay Canal'committees-and
Welcome for,..Prince
- London.���Tho Delhi ��� Chamber of
Princes has- unanimously . adopted a
resolution -requesting" the viceroy to
convey to the Prince, of-Wales, when
he" lauds-in'-India, expressions of the
warmest.greeting on behalf of the
chamber, emphasizing .the attachment
[una'nimously adopted by that body.
"'-77'.,." ��� ��� No Celebration.-,, -.7;, ;. 7
.-   Be.rlin.V-Tho   thijNl,  anniversary   of
the-.revolution which resulted, in the'
j formation of.the;republic and ihe ah-
] dication of. the. Hohenzolie'rns passed
I ofl!���wi;h6uc'celebra'tion.. - j The .plans" tp
]��� cease-work throughout; the cutirt day
:"\vc-re7atinridorie"d' for".a I'6-nnnuto. pause.
:in all -iclivitips." 7  .'.-'. .,   .""... ��������� ..-, -
':' Remarkable Escape,--
'"Giielpl!. .Ont.-T7To.be completely buried under several tbns.p'f .coal and be
j reseuedCafter an. hour's imprisonment"
I witii'.bui-'a'. few"' minor bruise's on'his
; body 7 -���was"' tlie'; ->xp6rience,-'bf7Ben
'.K-l'ot'iihbr, an -emp^iyo'e of vhc". Kloep-.
1 i'er/Coal-'Coniiianjvht're.-' ���" ---.- - "���--. . "--
. U.S. Food Prices Decrease
AVas'hirigton.���Retail, food prices decreased between'Sept.; 15"and Oct. 15
in nine of the "eleven principal U.S.
ti ties from which reports were received, I he. Department of "Labor announced." '.Among"cities reporting decreases
were, Detroit'2-;per,cent, and Minneapolis- a -decrease���"���.-��� o'f "two-lifWis - of'
one".per cent. .'-,:. 7   - ..���-"-'-'."'       "j
7,,.;.Winnipeg.���jfo decision will be.ren/
dej-e'd: in "'the "application- for perriiis-,
:sidn_;.-"t��."-' ailov.:;.the.-.-;".:._ -"adian,"Pacific
: Railway ^Company'"..the..; right to ;enter
;-the .DruihheUer .cbai fieid ov.er-the .line
" of"' th'e'-'Canadlan-i-National-.; Railways,;
until:, a^public"hearing has; beeri; held;
- at .Ottawa,. .It.,was..aiinoanced' by ,t hij"
'.;bbard bf--irailway-;cpirimissiorie_r5.;:,-7:;V-7-
; ,7 .Declaring 'that,-the basic, industry- 'of.
\Vestern:;..-; Canada-T-agrlculture���-was
'iace.d "with/absolute^prostration Vthat
..fannet'3 were-leaving the country for
���'lhe .cities;- arid that grain'-.traQic.pf the
railway's show.ed_'"absolutely.;"usurious
returns .ranging: from .351 per .centVto.
'457 per'-'cent-, -II: "j.VSymihgt6h:,.'"K.C.V
representing, the 7>Ianitoba__. and;;Sas-.
katchewan '(^vernmerits^.arid the' .Unit-'
ed .Grain Growers, Limited,, asked the
board of Tailwayv'.commissioners; -^-to"
make.' drastic" and /material -! reductions
in; Uies grain- freight -rates i inVwestern' J
territ'o'riesV' XyXXX7 :'V -yi~:-X'XXi ''���
.'���;���.'At -Tine;.' conciu?i.Qh ."'the.Ibbar-i.-'an-''
riouneed 'decision .would',;-be .'withheld
j.sh'ort!y'-'!ri:Ottawa:--XX. ; ~/:X'XX}���:���'������"v7.
. Lojido.11.~VAh.. - TLloj d- ,t; eorge', speaking-, at' the- Lord,' Mayor's banciuer, declared that there.was'','a.;betr,er pros-
pe'c't of- Great-BritaiH's -proposals ;io
Ireland-, being heeded today "Vnd Ireland accepting t.he invitation to enter'
the British cohimonwealUiasan e-rnial.
tlian for -\:ears, but thai-,. t,iie.,;eorifer7
ence was still in a-critjcal-.'stagb.7. Be:
yomi this he .carefully.-refrained- froni"
divulging���.the-.re'sults.Q.r.the po.ssibili-
ties";oi"ihe,corife'rences-;which are now
tives: ;"_7. V._.;.-.'. ��� .���;.';��� ._.,.��� '...-..���
'.'Tn'"his', opening-remarks the Pi-inie
���Minister '.'alluded ' tp.Vthe . economic'
troubles-afflicting' the world,, such as
followed7the; Napoleonic wars. He
expressed, - the.'.; conviction that." the
force: 'of ������;. the-7cyclone was already
spent,: and followed with a recital-of
numerous- symptoms' indicating that;a'
revival; was''coming,-particularly;-the
fact, that "in;every, land .'the slackness
that' - s'eemedj''t6;-Vo.vercome7'.. labor. -:.: is
passing.-away.". V''7*7.. ~i -- rXX:- il. V; .������ :"_.. -
7 ;*-*-The7;:'world v. Is' resettling dow-n: to
.wbrki"^ .sald.VAIrV. Lloyd George, "and
it-is.'work alorieUhat, will fill, the de:"
ple'ted rtiils;, which:; will ...enable " pur-
t-!:--:-,c's -to. conic to the markets., ���  The''
blue'-'sky "'is beginning ro pmerger ���-���T.he
^Va'shinclon    conference,    summoned
by President;-Harding, is'.".like .a- rain-,
bow, iri -tho..-iBky,7.fo"r, .without the as-"
suranqo'-'of" peace. lVstoration of .business;- i's:'imposHibl-\    ' .    7 V
: VThis'- conference   comes none tod.
iboul.    So far-the- war-has. not had 7
the -pffeot which .every sane 'man- an- -
ticipa'te��r from it.  in    arresting    the
growths, of   armami-nts.     Man,is the '
most unteac'hable. of all animals. _'  If'
you    intlict    punishment    upon ��� any-
other animal he quickly   learns /the.'
lesson..    But, take the.-late war'f'lt
was , the most Terrible destruction , in
ilie history of the world.,' ' ��� -That lesson was scourged deep .into the "'flesh -
of the world, and yet no   sooner   are
we out of it .than the nations- spend
their,,' substance    in    devising    and-
amassing-"fresh- engines    for   war;,:1
fresh subjects spring up everywhere ���
to.justify.war.     -You might imagine-
that." the -;-one 7. purpose and- glory, of
national ; organization,   waa - human'
slaughter. ���''.'���XX- ��� -   ���'
./_W.   N.   U.   ISS-i
Is $2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
$2.50 when not paid for three  months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices    7.00
Kstray Notices .'. 3.00
Cards of Thanks     1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal'advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I2_^c. a line each insertion.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
tV-atthe editor would be pleased
to have more money.
The way to disarm is to disarm.
A cook book is a food for thought.
fills   more graves   than
One way of showing love  is
keep the wood box filled.
mill will have a capacity of 2500
-fcouB daily, which will be the greatest in British Columbia, and greater than that of the mill destroyed
by fire last spring.
The machinery has been ordered
from the Taylor  Engineering  and
Manufacturing compauy. The purchase includes grinding and crushing machinery, except for that part
of the crushing  plant situated iu
the mine which  was  not reached
by the fire.    In  the equipment to
be delivered are IS  tube mills of 7
by 10 foot size, a set of  72  by  20
inch rolls and four sets of 54 by 20
inch   rolls.     The equipment   will
weigh   700   tons,   will   be   taken
through   the  Panama  canal  from
the plant at  Allentowu,   Pa.,   and
will be delivered  within less than
six months.
The construction of the plant
will be supervised by Bradley,
Bruft' & La Barth of San Francisco,
Cal., who designed- aud erected
the smelter of the Bunker Hill &
SullivanTMining and Concentrating
company at Bradley, Idaho. The
motive power will be electricity,
which will be delivered through
several motors having a total capacity of 2000 horsepower.
Rod and Gun
A blotter is something we look
for while the ink gets.dry.
See that your farm tools and implements are under cover.
The aristocrat of the garden  is
the one time dispised potato.
There is a rail *vay "switch and
also the kind that father sometimes
Some women won't be happy in
heaven unless they can scrub It out
twice a year.
Dp not talk of disarmament.and
then give, your children toy soldiers
.guns and tanks.
There may be. a. greater thing
.in the world than loyalty, but just
now we dout know; what it is.:
The November issue of  Rod and
Gun  in Canada   will   delight the
sportsmen of the Dominion with its
resplendent  cover painting showing a picture of a ring necked duck
in natural colors.    The  many interesting stories   and   articles   in
this issues include a splendid ducking    story    entitled   "Twenty six
grains of ballietite and  one and
one eighth ounces of number six.''
A thrilling account of one of Captain Joseph Bernard's exploratory
trips  in  the  Arctic   regious   also
appears   in   the   November issue.
Pur the trapper and lover  of  outdoor life there is the  trapliue department ably edited by  M.   U.
Bates, from material   obtained  on
his own  trapline.    The  usual  departments appear in   this  issue of
Canada's    National     sportsmen's
monthly.    Rod anil Gun   in  Canada is published monthly by W. J.
Taylor, Limited, "Woodstock, Ont.
Subscribe for The Ledge.
E. W. WIDDOWSOW, Assayer and
Chemist, Box B1108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
.Si.25 each. Gold-Silver $1.75. Gold-
Silver with Copper or Lead #3 00. Silver-Lead $2.00. Silver-Lead-Ziuc $3.00.
Charges for other metals, etc., on application.
The man who would succeed at
farming must be al 'fighter from
. start; to "finis. He must fight bugs,
and worms and caterpillers and
flies. He must fight loss of time,
depreciation-:,of ;s6ilj7 fire, flood,
drought, and thieves that prey on
grain, fruit and vegetables. .7 He
must fight greed and graft, wickedness in a thousand forms, and the
fiercest battles he ever .wages are
those against, self.'-���."" "->. V ���-
[yyxx- Mning7.News:-���-'{-. vV'^'
-'.���-.. A despatch from New. York says:
'.'.Copper, metal has .advanced .fully
' li .cent's a7pound-BinceVthe improvementi in theVmarket -set iri a
few.weeks ago. .This advance in
price is a direct.resnlt of increased
demand,-but, in addition to this,
the statistical position of the industry is of interest; This has
shown steady improvement of late,
and the   Iron   Trade Review has
; published figures which bear out
this point. Producers have"-cut
their: output severely,-both 'the
United States and South' America,"
current.' smelter.'-output, .in-', this
country being at the rate ofabqut
12%. of the 1/920 rate,. w>ile>the
youth American output is at-the
rate of about 46% of 1920. In all
new supplies of copper in North
and South America are amounting
to about 20,000.'tons; monthly."
Sales in September accounted, to
48,000 tons/ : Shipments havebeen
going forward at the rate of 35,000
to 40,000 tons ' a month;.; so >hat
stocks are .being ; redaced7 at7the
rate of 15,000..ioyZtyQQQ ;mqnthij;
"Aa .'investment '.estimated .at
$1.000,000. V is V reported, v.to -i have
been authorized by ^ the; BHtapnia.
Mining and Smelting company ;^fpr.
the erection pa mill on its copper-
gold property.at Britennia.Beach,'';
says she Spokesman Iteview."7 Thej
To the Electors ofthe
Yale Constituency
Ladies and Gentlemen,��� .
A Federal Election having been decided upon, the Liberals,
at their convention held in Penticton on October 20th, did me
the honor of nominating me as candidate to contest the Yale
Constituency. Having been a resident" of this constituency for
the last 2S years, and.having spent sixteen years of that period
on the Kelowna-council, of which place I have had the honor of
being Mayor, for eleven years, the Convention deemed it was
: time for me to enter the wider, sphere of Dominion Politics.
Beinga land owner andalso engaged in financial  and com-
. merciai business in Kelowna, I recognise that the interests of the :
whole Valley are.vitally concerned in the.present election.    We
have a great opportunity to advance.these interests byjelieving
both farmers and business men from the ever growing burden of
taxation which is sapping the vitality of the whole' country.    It
is utterly impossible to stimulate production .unless  the people .
have an opportunity, not only.of earninga living, but of saving
money  and  investing such   savings. in . further  development..
.Taxation is the only. method available to  any government to
. raise revenue to pay its obligations.. -      'r'"--
. ;���   , These'obligations in Canada are first; the interest, 7which
. amounts to $125,000,000 annually,   on  the National debt,- of
which sum ��115,000,000 is. to cover the debt of honor caused by.
1 the war.    Second-the cost of government, administration,   which
comes to '8140,000,000 a year; third and  most vital of all is the
annual deficit caused by owning, operating andmaintainirig the
7 National-Railway;system, which in 1920 amounted to over $100,--
000,000���it has been estimated to be. as much as $15O,6o6,O06.  -.
:' Now it is obvious that until  this appalling;, drain  on  our.
national expenditure vis eliminated  the :wholeI  country-must
suffer.;. There is n��..other issue comparable to this. ���'--V    V        V
,- Tariffs are by no means the-most important -issue. 7lf-tne':.
manufacturing interests of this country are to be .protected,   the
agricultural interests, which are ; the basic industry, have  a far
greater,claim to "protection.       . .     .' ~ V ... ,        :;-7,
;.-;��� The losses in operating arid' administration of the National'
.. Railways.m.ust^.be.^toppfcd7 arid bur resources developed  by,.a.
.proper, railvyay arid immigration policy.   ;       '. : " '"''
,  The whole future of Canada; is at stake.    Our credit is being
ruined by pur apparent/apathy, to these loses and  our seeming
inability  to   stop them. ���. In   consequence our production,   oh
which our credit ia based, is being throttled.    It is obvious that
if these vast sums, which are being sunk in a  quicksand of unproductiveness, can .be saved and.turned into the channels  of-
production,   unemployment can be overcome,  taxation  can be
: reduced arid prosperity, established. "-:���'      . Vs. . .   . > ; yX- 'X-X y[
��� X-    r.;Fpr this reason I am  appealing to  the electors1 ofthe Yale
;,constituency^ -''��' exercise, their, franchise pn-Vmy behalf.;  .f'Lefe
7 the dead bury their, dead'',, but let those, who'are. alive .'to the
yast responsibilities handed  on to us. asVthe> aftermath1 of the
catastrophic, tragedy of, war,   rise to the measure  of that legacy
and unite in a determination to win  the peace, which is based
: on common sense, tolerance and justice.       77-,    :
X:- >7The yalue'.to the public.of.telephone service is b^ed";on;the7reiiability, ���'
.promptness atid accuracy "of: that: service. "7 Quality 7 of7serrice - depends, on -
-.the econoinic operation ��� of, all: telephone' activities.;/ - Fi-qm'. the time "Taw '
' material is produced untilthe finished .equipment is.coraplete,'-.' HXis a-cdn-i
tinup'usexhaustive,' test's to get the best... "After "installation,; ceaseless vigil- 7
an'cejs..maintained to get- the.-best .character of service";/; '.All.^efffrts-.arev
-directed toward the/highest standard..-7..     . "7 ���_'���-" ;,"7- Xy '-"'t.-..'v:!���--'���-'��� XXX'X
y ���
The head of a great trading organization which unites its
trading with its politics���a political theorist���has lost control of
the political movement he started and is being driven into impossible positions by class rule extremists. He is under the.
domination of Wood, the political boss of Alberta. He would
give effect to Free Trade, thus destroying Canada's industrial
and economic structure.
A Vote for Crerar is a Vote for Chaos
So evasive that nobody knows where he actually stands on the
great issues of the day. Pits his policy to suit his audiences.
Talks ^ee Trade to the West- and Protection to the East.
Specializes in high-sounding phraseology. His party is pledged
^_. . Tto a large measure of Free Trade, but fails to-jsuggeat new
methods of obtaining necessary National Revenues.
A Vote for King is a Plunge in the Dark
R li    ���    "L Easily the outstanding figure in Canadian public life to-day, and
IVieiSfnCn the.only real Leader in sight.   Able, forceful, courageous, and
9 upright uv character. A statesman of demonstrated ability with
broad National and Imperial vision and an unassailable record.
Stands firm for the maintenance of a reasonable Protective
-  Tariff, and aims to provide the maximum amount of profitable
labour for all.
Ccunxtx/a TlmU
The National Liberal and Conservative Party    <?
Publicity Committee
.Physician and Surgeon
Hospital Phone 90,   Residence Phone 69
Agent for   Chevrolet,   Studebaker,   and
Overland cars. . Garage in connection. -
d. Mcpherson
c. y. meggittx
Dealer in' Farm. Produce, Railroad Ties
Cedar.Poles, and Fence Posts, Farin and
Fruit Lands. For Sale. List your lands
with me,    Have a buyer-for" good ranch
'-' 7 Send" Your!
V BOOTS  and  SHOES   v
���'-'.' V ""'V' V - ' To". --7- '���':'".'[ X '
GEO- ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed.   We
" pay postage one way.. Terms Cash.. ...
.616 Vernon St., Nelion
Brick building and finely furnished rooms
JOHN BLOHBERG    -   - Proorietor
Nicely furnished rooms, by the
day, week or month
F. Nilson     -        ��� Proerietor
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Go.
of Canada, Limited
Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead Ores
Producers    of    Gold,    Silver,   Copper,   Bluestone,  Pig   Lead   and Zinc
- "TADANAC" BRAND ; V        -    [
Auto !3feage twice daily to. Midway. meeting Spokane, Grand
"77V '.For5��8 and Nelson train; rleaviiig"Qreenwbod at 8.a~.'nu" ~
For Oroville, Wenatchee and Princeton leaves Greenwood, 3 p.m.
Fare $1.50 Each Way.  . Hand BaggageTFree.' Trunks Carried.
ExBress ana Heavy Drayine.   _:';���';'��� 7:\ AuWs for ttire Day or Night 7
We carry Tires, Oils, Greases. Hay and Grain
Office Phone 13^ .:-; : ,"   7       , Residence.Phone 3t
Fire Insurance
Real [Estate
AGENT      .
Royal Bank Bldg., Grand Forks
Land Ac0mendments
-Minimum price   of first-class   land ���
reduced to $5 an acre; second-class to
$2.50 an acre.
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed lands only. '
Records   will be   granted  covering   ���
only land suitable   for    agricultural
purposes   and    which   is   non-timber
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
claims. ~
Pre-emptors -must occupy claims
for five years and must make improvements to value of $10 per acre,
including clearing and cultivation of
at least 5 acres, before receiving
Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvement's, h�� may because of ill-health, or other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of im-
provement and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence
may be issued, provided^ applicant
makes improvement to extent of $300
per annum and records Nnme each '
year. Failure to make improvements
or "record same will operate as forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained in
less than S years, and improvements of ���
$10.00 per acre, including S acres cleat-
ed and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required.      --'
Pre-emptors holding Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption, if hei-
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown
Unsurveyed areas-not. exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as^homeiites'; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas  exceeding   640   acres 'may   b'e .
leased by one person or company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber land not "exceeding 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions include^
payment of-stumpage.
Natural h ay meadows in accessible
by existing roads may be pwrchusd
conditional, upon construction of a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.   -   - . .
The scope of this Act is enlarged to ;
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces; Th�� time
in which the heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is Extended from one
yea? from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion of the present war. This privilege is made retroactive.
No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by soldiera on pre-emptions recorded after June 26, 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five year*.
_' Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid sine* August
4,1914, on account of payments, fees or
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions.   ...
Interest on. agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by members of
Allied TFprces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted fr��m enlistment to March 31at, 1920..
Provision   made   for   insurance    of
Crown   Grants - to  sub-purchasers   of
Crown Elands, acquiring rights from
purchasers who���failed to complete purchase, involving forfeiture, on fulfillment .of conditions of-purchase, interest-
and taxes.   Where sub-purchasers do^
not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes may. be die*'.
tributed  proportionately    over  whole '
area.1  Applications must be made by
May 1,1920. ...... - -
-CRAZING--" -   ' 7
erasing- Act, 1919, for systematic deV
velopment of. livestock   Industry   provides  for grazing districts andrange
administration - under   Commissioner.
^Annual grazing permits issued based
on numbers ranged; priority, for. established owners; Stock ownerM may form
Associations for  range . management.'
Free,,  or partially   free,   permits   for
settlers, campers or travellers up.to ten 7
head.-."     ���   '   ��� . - ..">���  - ������ 7   --      .-,-.-
v ii
Send a Float to your friends at
once. You can get them at
The t-edge office
Subscription Reduction
7 .. -The, Ledge, falling in line
: with, the downward trend ofthe
.  high cost of living, has decided to
"reduce the subscription price from-.
12,50 to $2 a year in Canada; other 7
-.countries $3 to $2.50....The Ledge'..,'
ssaddinig.-ihany new,.names to. its ���;
. already good circulation "and., it is '
��� hoped_ that' with 7 this-reduction-.
7-��� many ;inore'; will subscribe.. ��� -, The;. "
7-'new;".rates ..takes-'- effect' froin \the. V
X first'*of -Koyember. " Those in ar-'X.
'. rears'are'kindiy asked. to pay ,np.,; V
The Mineral ProYw
TO END OF DECEMBER; 1920 V 7    "       ���
Has prodnced. Mineral.a yalaed as follows: . Placer Gold, $75,944,2()3; .Lode      ;
Gold, $102,753,823; Silver, $53,668,284; Lead $46,637,221; Copper, 8161,513,864;
t Zinc, 819,896,466; Coal and Coke, $212,573,492; Boildlng Stone, Brick, Cement,
etc., $32,168,217; Miscellaneous-Minerals, etc.^ $1,037,408; making its,Mineral
. Production to the end of 19297show an .7./;--,.,
Aggregate Value of $706,192*978
Production for Year Ending December,.1920, $35,543,084
7.   The. Miring   Laws of this Province are more liberal and the fees lower
.than those of any other Province in the Dominion, or any colony in the British
7    7 Empire.    ���    -. . .-   _'7     "..'������-"'''"    ^. ��� .-77
:: '������- M������-f��l locations are granted to diacoverere for nominal fees. ���'�����.?���"'.
:-���'.';. Absolute  Titles are  obtained  by developing snch properties, the security'     y'
V-;-vV7o* which isgnaranteed by Crown Grants.,/; "���'.'-��� - "'
���XiX y -7^1111 inforiBation, .together with mining Eeports and Maps, may be obtained       7
7-: 7 77-.^a^s by addr^ing-^V7-7V7--;:-������. V.7 X-yy -7 ;...:-.' . ._ _��� .-���.- j-Xx,.x:\X-: :?^'-Xi.
Xtx 7 VICTORIA^ British ���oiumbi�� : v


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