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The Ledge May 14, 1925

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 ' ~v-_  ...     .   ,-,-Vl -
oviDci*i Hb
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llie Oldest Mining Camp Newspaper In British Columbia
Vol.    XXXt '
No. 42
New Kitchenware
f v
McClary's   Bonnie   Blue
For the housewife who delights in beautiful kitchenware
15 pieces.    Buy it by the set or by the piece
Also a large assortment of
McClary's Enamel, Galvanized and Tinware
Make your selections while the stock is complete
7 7
Van Camps'
Pork and Beans
> ��� \  Small size Tins         - 2 for 25c
Medium size Tins     - 3 for 50c
Large size Tins         - each ,30c
^                                   -       V'' ' 7 '   '.'������
^Jb   For Quality andLValue Order From
Phone 46
For Anything in the
Drug  or  Stationery   Line
Call or mail, your orders to
Kodaks,   Films,   Albums.    Victrolas,   Records,   Etc.
Big Grab Sale
$1.00 to  $2.50   worth  in
every Grab Prize Box
One Pair Ladies Silk Hose, One
Gold Locket,  Oue Gold  Ring
All fofr 50 cts.
All ladles and childrens hats
selling at reduced prices
Ladies dresses in latest colors
Mrs.   Ellen   Trounson
Real Estate and" Insurance
Fire. Accident & Sickness. Life,
Automobile, Bonds, Burglary, &c
Auctioneer    ,
Houses for Rent or. Sale
Call at the Office of
���    "x   ..   i   ��� . .
Greenwood, B.C.
Greenwood Meat
Near Post Office
Fresh meat at all times
Hours:   Daily, 8 a.m. to 2 p.m.
Saturday, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Fresh Salmon and Halibut
Every Thursday Afternoon
Smoked Fish of all kinds in stock
������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ������ ��������������������������� ������������������������
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��������������������������������������*������������������������������������������������������ ������������������������ ������������������������������������
Fresh Pork Sausage Everyf Tuesday Morning
Phone'17         :_	
The Home of the
Semi-Ready Tailoring Co
"Forstylc that's sure, "With stitches strong '
And wear that's steady, - Aad*lots of style,
. The clothes to wear . Wear Semi-ready
Are Semi-ready." .     ' All the'while.".
The above neat little couplet comes from a booster of Semi-ready clothes.
a , We carry' only the best. stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon/ Lard, Etc.
���   -A trial will convince you ��� "
JOHN MEYER - \ Proprietor
for your "SPRING SUST" try
A. Biggin,   Midway, B.C.
Ladies and Gents High Class Tailor
A smart suit from Best English Cloth from $30.00 up
We also s'eil Tailors threads, finings, canvas ��nd doth    ',-.
Greenwood Theatre
Commencing at 8.15   p.m.
'H_tol_>h2(j.u>r <~ Jesse Llasktf
prtstnl a    . .
Niilhs Ernest Tonencc
*        Mary Astor
Noaa Bccry^
Chevrolet Special Touring, 22 model,
new tires, new battery, new tear" end,
nickel radiator, wind wlogs, motorueter
bar cap and bumper, spare tire. A snap
at ��550-       W. E. Hatch, Midway, B. C.
- Young pigs 7 weeks old ��5.00, aud 8
weeks old f&.oo a piece, 'Berks-Duroc
cross.   Apply H. Martin, Kettle Valley.
Minister in charge -
Rev. W. R.*Wa!kinsftaw. B. A.
_ 1
.   ��� Greenwood
Sunday, May 17th.
ftiiiSwajr li a.m.
Combining Mothers Day
Special Jubilee Services
And closing -with Sacrament of The
Lord's Supper "    * _
.   .Greenwood, ?;30 s.nt. ���' ��� f -V-
-Special Jubilee Services,7*/'
Sacraanestof T&�� Loj-'d's Sapper" at.Vthe
...���'.���,-..' -.   close of Service V-7V-.--' ,y~
McPherson's Majority 71
There were 32 absentee votes cast
at the bye-election on Saturday,
April 25tb, and these were counted
on Monday by Returning Officer,
Geo. H. Gray in tbe pretence'of
representatives of both candidates.
There were 21 for McPherson and
11 for Kingston. The following is
the complete and iiaal result of the
McPherson     Kingston
Poll Liberal     Conservative    Ab.
Beaverdell  29 .7 3
Boundary Falls. 23 10 3
Bridesville  34 29 2
Brown Creek.... 16 14 0
Carmi     9 3 1
Cascade  56. 38 0
Christian Valley   8 1 6
Eholt  13 6         ) 0
Fife ............ 30 16 0
Grand Forks..,.352 . "   432 8
Greenwood 154 86 3
Midway .;.., -43 .     61 1
Paulson .........    5 ,7           - 1
Riverside  46 "43       V    0
Rock Creek ..... 36 45 0
Westbridge. -25 .        20 4
Totals 879 -818 "���       32
Absentees 21 11
Final totals       900 829
Majority for McPherson 71.
Mining Notes
Preliminary work in being done
at the Providence mine preparatory
to the resumption of operations.
E. A. Wanke and associates
have gone up Co the Keno to un-
water the shaft and do some trenching.
An electric pump in being installed at the Elkhorn fraction which
is being operated by local men.- A
sorting Bhed and ore bin is also
being erected.
J. W. Gallagher, of Bonningfeon,
and Ambrose Tree, of Calgary,
were'in town this week en route to
the Red Chief mine, 4. miles west
of Hedley, where they will install
a compressor and. other mining
Valuable Contributions
The Board of Directors of the
Greenwood and District Hospital
wish to specially acknowledge the
large subscriptions that have lately
been given.
The amount of the $200.00 from
the Lieutenant Governor Hon. W.
C. Nichol, was'one of the most
pleasing, coming as it did in answer,
to a letter from fehe Sec.-Treas.
asking His Honour's sympathy and
support. Knowing as we do his
generosity to all kinds of, institutions-requiring money, the-people
of tbis district must ieel very much
gratified that they are nofe left oat
Of Mr. Nichol's consideration.
The Women's Auxiliary stand
out prominently with their very
generous contribution of $200.00,
which was secured" by entertainments and also from the Bale by
tickets of a Caribou head so generously'donated by Andrew Sater,
The work ou the entertainments
was very-great, and fehe Board thoroughly appreciate, the Ladies
Auxiliary's efforts in this respect.
The sale of tickets for fehe Garibou
head realized quite a large sum,
and Mrs.' G. 8.. Walters must be
congratulated on tbb large number
of tickets she sold," sending them to
many old timers who had memories
of Greenwood in its palmy days.   -
The Greenwood Hockey Club
showed their usual good sports*
nianahip, in generously subscribing
from their funds, which they wers
able to secure from their successes
afe hockey lasfe .winter, a cheque for
$38.00, for which the Board wish
feo express their appreciation.
The acknowledgement of these
subscrlpfesons will appear in the'
asual list of -Subscribers to ihe
Hospital. 7 -
Many fine games are being en-
joyed on the Golf course, and the
links are ; being gradually improved. As further ' improvements are meditated the committee would like to welcome
more members. Visitors to town
are all invited to play oa the
links at g cost of 25c for the
9 holes. .
["" A sitting- of the Conhty Court
will be held ia the Greenwood
Court House oa Thursday, May
21st. Z'XX '.XXXy.y.-x yzy���}'���....
Greenwood Superior School
Report for Month of Acril, 1925
N. E. Morrison,
No. on roll - - 18
Average daily attendance 16 06
Total actual attendance - 257
Percentage of attendance S9.22%
Proficiency List
Grade IX: Robert Mowat,
Cicilia Hallstrom, George Morrison,
Ruby Goodeve.
. Grade VIII: Mary Kerr, John
McDonell, George -Bryan, Renie
Skilton, Jesse Puddy, Edward
Johnson, Silvia Price, Leo Madden,
Irene Inglis, Vera Walmsley,
Andrew Anderson, Dorothy JMac-
Ken^ie.  7.
Absent    during    examinations:
Helen Kerr, 'William Walmsley.
Regularity  and Punctuality:
George Bryan, Irene Inglis,
Edward Johnson, Mary Kerr,
Dorothy MacKenzie, Silvia Price,
Cicilia Hallstrom,   Robert Mowat.
division II
T. Crowley'
No. on roll
Average daily attendance
38; 44
Total actual atteadance     -
Percentage of attendance
Proficiency List:
. ri
Grade VII: John Campolieto,
Rosie Bombini.
Grade _ VI: Margaret Royce,
Alice Hingley, Edward Parry,
Allan McCurrach, Roberfe Mitchell,
Harry Hallstrom, Lewis' Mitchell,
Marguerite Ritchie, Eileen Bryan,
Lawrence DuHamel, Allan Morrison, Comma MacKenzie, Bertram
Price, Meredith Fenner, Daniel
Kerr, Arthur Cox, Morris Peterson. ,   /
Grade V: Roberfe Forshaw,
Eugene McGillivary, Jack Morrison, Francis Jenkin, Lewis Clerf,
Oleo Toney, Dorothy Wilson,
Thomas Walmsley, Roy Bakke,
Helen -Bakke, Francis Lucente,
Leonard Lucente.
Grade IV: Eugene Spence,
Arnold Bombini, Beatrice McLaren, Rosa Lucente, fRoy Hallstrom,'Charles Royce," Ruth Cox;
Munroe Spence.
Regularity and Punctuality:
Eileen Bryan, John Campoliete,
Ruth Cox, Lawrence DuHamel,
Robert Forshaw, Harry Hallstrom,
Roy Hallstrom, Francis Jenkin,
Comma MacKenzie, Allan McCurrach, Beatrice McLaren, Lewis
Mitchell, Robert Mrtchell,. Edward
Parry,' - Morris PefcersoD, - Bertram
Price, Eugene, Spence, Thomas
Walmsley Eugene McGiUivray,
Helen Bakke, Roy Bakke, Dorothy
Wilson. " ""    ,
division,in _"   _
Vera A. Kempston
No. on roll        -'      -       -        3S
Average daily attendance       3(5,31
Total actual attendance     -    '581
Percentage of attendance  ��� 95.55%
Proficiency List:
Grade-IV b:' John McGiUivray,
June Toney, Alice Ritchie, Hugh
McCurrach.        -     '
Grade III: Celia' Klinosky,
Ralph Spence, Mark- Madden,
Leonard Sortome, David. Nichols,
Ralph Case, Laurence Gulley,
James Forebaw, May Clark.
Grade II a: Victor Ritchie,
Elbert Granberg, George Hingley,
Dorothy Boag, Ernest Johnson,
Elmer Granberg. - ,
Grade II b: Ernest; Cox, Walter
Nichols, Walter Jenkin, Melvyn
Fenner, Peter Maletta, Edward
Grade I a: "Harold .Ritchie,'
Clarence Sortome, Louie Lucente,
Jack Clark, Glenn Toney, Gordon
Grade I a (Receiving Class):
Eric. Cox, Margaret McCurrach.
Burton McGiUivray, Kathleen
Madden, Virginia Boag, Gordon
McGiUivray, Cecil Maletta.
Regularity -and Punctuality:
Ralph Case, Eric Cox, Ernest
Cox', James Forshaw, .George
Hingley, Hugh'McCurrach,-Kathleen "Madden, "Peter Maletta,
Walter Nichol?, Harold Ritchie,
Victor Ritchie, Ciarence Sortome,
Gordon Soitome, Leonard Sortome,
Glenn Toney, June Toney, Louie
Lucent?, John McGiUivray, Jack
Clark, May Clark
Pythian Sisters dance cm May
15 promises to be one of the many
enjoyable affairs held ia Greenwood, Nothing is being spared
to make this a night of social fun
and good dancing. Proceeds to
be divided with the. Greenwood
and District Hospital/V... %.,_-
School Track Meet
at Grand Forks
Through the kindness of car
owners a number of pupils of the
Greenwood school motored to
Grand Forks to participate in the
First Annual School Field Track
meet, which was held under the
auspices of the Grand Forks Athletic Association on.. Saturday May
9bh, and although fehey were nofe
successful in bringing home any
trophies they report having had a"
very enjoyable day.
They are loud in their praises of
tho treatment accorded fchem by
the Grand Forks people, who feook
all contestants from outside points
and as many visitors as possible to
their homes for lunch.
The track meefe itself was a
great success and the smoothness
with- which the programme was
carried oufe reflects great credit,
upon the directors and officials of
the association.
The Midway school was successful in'winning the highest aggregate score among outside schools
and they won a handsome cup.
U.F. Hall Getting in
Shape for Big Dance
The TJ. F. of Midway had a big
crowd oufe at the bee on Wednesday
and made a good start on the new
floor as well as tbe new addition
of a dreessing and cloak room.
Another crowd will be on hand
today so fehe hall will be Jn excellent shape for fehe opening dance"
on fehe 25th.
Midway. Ladies Aid
The annual" meeting of the
Ladies Aid of Midway was held
in the Old School House ori, Wednesday the 6th. After the transaction of routine business the
office bearers for the year beginning June were appointed as
President, Mrs. R. D: Kerr.
Vice-Pres., Mrs. Jas. Bush.
2nd Vice-Pres!, Mrs." Ericson.
, Secretary, Mrs. Romstead.
Assist.'Secy., Mrs. Salmon.
Treas., Mrs. A. Porter.
The entertainers for the day
were Mrs. Lundy and Mrs. Porter
who served up a real "high" tea.
Midway, B.C.,
May 13,1925.
Editor of Greenwood L.kdgs
.   Dear Sir:
'     _ Would yoii_kindlx^ud_
me space iu your paper to try and explain why the memorial service and a
picnic are held upon the same day 24th '
of May, as some people have the peculiar notion lhat it is unseemly to have
a picnic same day that we gather round
the memorial atone to pay our respect*
and remembrance to those who died for
their country.' '
, The memorial service is held
distinctly from the picnic, on the other
hand we hold the event annually not
ouly "lest we forget", but also that the
rising generation take part and be
taught by their parents why the war
was fought and the result we gained
from- the sacrifices of all those who
took an active part in the war. '    "
The monument commemorates the
end of the war aud stands there to re-
mind.future generations of their debt -
to the brave men who died that thcy.
and theirs might still be free men of a
glorious Empire.
It is hoped that aa many as
possible will bring flowers, wild -
flowers' preferred, aud the children
will lay them round the "'stone
of remembrance"awd it is especsallyap-
propriate that out of the three greatest
giftsof Cod to man. children and Sowers, should take first place.
The Queen's Birthday has always
been the children s day and there is no
reason why thej* cannot have the usual
picnic and sports in the afternoon as "
usual. Grief and joy go hand and
hand throughout our lives and therefor
we can remember those who died for us
and having thanked God for ail his
blessings to us, in the morning, cau be
glad we are still alive and are still a
part of the Greatest Empire tbe World
ever saw, and celebrate the fact ia thc
afternoon. I am
1(1 Yours sincerely,'
Member of Commitiee.
Miss Daisv Axam, of th.e7B..C.f.
Telephone Co., at Trail,��� js spending her vacation at the home of.
ber mother here. THE- LKDCTE.   GREENWOOD,    i?. O
consistency of a }n W s is obtained,
until thf d^-^Xircd raix with
&mM"-strard freshly .forj*��y
Marvels Of
Electric Power
Two  Brooklyn  Coal  Towers  Do Work
Of 20,000 Men
More thau twenty thousand men
would be required to perform ihc work
wliich can be- done, within 2khours,
by two rugged coal lowers just put
into .service at. a big electrical generating station in Brooklyn. . Quite unspectacular- in appearance, merging
inconspicuously into their surroundings among the docks, cranes, lofts and
elevator buildings of the waterfront,
these two metallic workers do not reveal their enormous power. It might
have gone unrecorded had it not been
for the engineers who brought them
into existence.
The coal towers derive their
strength from electricity. General
Electric engineers, who designed their
electrical vitals, completed their work
by making ihe calculation which
shows what the towers can do, measured by human strength.
The immense coal loft which thoy
serve is about two hundred feet high..
The towers shovel coal into the top
story windows. Their shovels pick
up two and a half tons of coal at each
scoop, and they lift two shovelfuls a
minute. After lifting these loads lhc
full two hundred feet, they curry the
coal, crane-like, to the hopper and
deposit It. They cau shovel steadily;.
ut the rate of COO tons an hour."
Less than a small fraction of what
oven skive labor would cost .is required to maintain the two'giant coal tow-
,ers. - Furthermore, they are controlled
by- a single man. ..-    7 V     -7 W" - "
"-' Few will'deny-"iliai they-are giants.
Such- feats. as tlie.v 'accomplish, fin ihe
, humdrum "routine.." of modern, industry'.
,are'ftlio-subject-pf -oxlravagjini riarra-'.
"tives .in. the ^Arabian Nights."anil the
fairy ;taie"-books -o'f.- the- -Brothers
fGriuim." Modem/man and electricity
Jiaye.fouidorie-.lhe marvels imagined' by
ancient.story tellers.   ;,.:,-'.-' }- ��� ���
Picture fMay7 Be Worth/Million
.Work of Old' Master Bought .iir'-Jurik"
X7 }-��� -'. 7 ���    Shop.for $7.0.0  "���   ���������-Xy .-"".
���The.picture owned by  _Virs7-Siuan
-Livingstone,- .;Vancouver;' - showing-'. a
ftroubadpr'.in drinking pose; which she
.turned over sonic'momhVago.to Sig-
nor Farina;- anauthorityfon the" work
of. the" old masters; for-inspection, has
been/pronounced "by liini-to".be a gent-
ui.ne:������'V.elasqueis-.a'nd 'worth.-perhaps--a
-.Billion .(loUti's.: '���_    - . '., -'   ���_-'     -'   -
'..The pictures-was bought- in a Winnipeg junk shop 40 years .ago for $7. , V
-   . ��� V "' "Not Broadcasting . ���"���_
' ���'��� "She.---Why can't you-fell"me? Can't
-you.take me into .your confidence?","
���' HcWYcs; but. I doh.t care' to'Jake
all. your friends.   .
Received  Much Benefit by
[Taking Lydia E. Pinkham'3
Vegetable Compound f
!.. .Chatham, Ontario.���"I started toget
weak after my second child was'born;
I and. kept on getting
worse., until "I could
n.otdo iny own housework and was so bad
with my nerves that
I was afraid to utay
alone at any time. 1
had.a girl working
for me a whole year
before I was able to
domy washing again.
Through, a friend I.
learned .of. Lydia E.
Pinkham's., Vegeta-
. bic Compound and took four bdtt.es of
7 it,. I gave birth to a baby boy the 4th
day of September, 1922," I am still doing
my own work and-washing.' "Of course,
-I don't feel well every day because I
don't get'myfestaa the baby is'so cross,.
Bat when .1 get my rest, I feel fihe/f I
am etiJl taking tne .Veg&table Com-
poxmd and am going to keep on with it
-tiiitll. cured.   My nerves area lot better
since taking it.. I canfstay alone day or
night and not be the least frightened.
You can .use tbis letter as a testimonial
and I will answer Setters, from women
afikingabout tbe Vegetable Compound.",
���Mrs. CKAKitES Carson, 2? Foraytha
'Street, Chatham, Ontario.
Mrs- Carson is willing to write to any
girl or woman sisSevmg frora female
JftV  N.   U.   157fi
A Country Of One Town
Bangkok Is Centre Of Work and
Pleasure In Siam
One of the oddest, features of lhat
odd country, Siam, is that for all its
size and wealth'and largo population
it is a country of one town. Bangkok
is everything lo Siam. Bangkok is
so Europeanized that it does not fairly
represent Siam as a whole, but. Siam
without Bangkok- would bo worse off
relatively ihan France without Paris.
Bangkok is the seat of a very centralized form of government and administration. Ii contains the only
permanent,residence) of the king, and
all oflicials and nobles, except a very
few provincial officers, have thcir
work antl dwellings in the capital. It
is there, too, that they take all their
pleasures, for lhe Siamese know nothing like tlie counlry life that' Anglo-
Saxons Jove. 16 tho Bangkok gentleman owns estates in the luterior ho
does not live on them.
To the European, Bangkok is all
Siam. Here he meets all the foreigners in the world.
The   First   Electric   Battery
Noted Italian Scientist Made Discovery
. 150 Years Ago
Who would imagine that a frog's leg
and a copper skewer led to the discovery of electricity? However, the
fact remains. .Professor. Galvani, a
jioied-'lutliaii" scientist and anatomist,
had:passed a copper" skewer through
tho Jiiribsf'of'a.ilead -frog.- and' was.
about to hang ihe-nrup/o'n an iron.n.iil
ih .his laboratory/,"���- As "soon.as 1he
copper touched the'-iron--ho'uoticed a
convulsive twitching "of. tfhe legs. Thau
this was due-.'10",some,electrical tuflu-.
.ence ho. proved, by- touching-a, nerve in-
the. frog's, limb with apiece of zinc luuV
a muscle witli.a-piece/of. copper. ; As
soon as. those two metals 'were coir1
neci'ed" together a- convulsive kick' took
place.-.. 'And so came-into being the
first recorded- instance oi' the fei'eeiric
battery., "Ffom I'li.e;crude cell-filled
\yith,acidulated water of 150 years ago,
we come- to the._.modern..-dry .battery
and- the' accumulator���Irulyf . a' great
stride forward,   f  '-. -W       V "   ' ~"    :"
Canadian Soldiers Held Fast
Ypres Salient Recalled By-Articles In
WV - -. London Times..;V "-"-' '-'���_
.' "Tlie London Times, rail"special arti-T
Cles,'on' April' 22. -recalling." ���what-had
happened __in _. t h e.:. 1'pi.es :Salient. ten
years" ago. 7" It "was"worth..-recalling;
for it was in "April, .1915, that .thef Can-
ad iaris. safved .'the . situation" after-
French native troops had lied in "complete disorder before the first attacks
by tlie Germans witlvpolVou gas.''. '":
;,.-There:is a temptation . to speculate
as to' what, would have' been' the result
.if" the Canadians .had' not held fast," or
if .ilie. Germans had known that-their
pois'oii gas had made.''such" a gap;
however; the Canadians did hold, and
the-Germans apparently remained -ignorant of 'tlie real situation.'-r���AVoodr
stock Sentinel-Ko-view.--:     '}..-'' Xyy
Use  Oil  On  Stormy Sea
Very' Little Will .Surround-Vessel With
.V Comparatively Still, Waters7
-'It.is .surprising"to leani bow,very
little' oil "is required "to .'sh'iooth'.'ioss-
.hig'-' ocean billows-Vand - insure- the
safety.ot'.a mighty-vessel. ".The British" admiralty Issue.} instructions as to
the application of.-'oil iii-storms,- and
points .out, thatii. very s.iuul quantity
is effective in modifying tho.act ion of
Waves, .and breaking seas. .' A-vessel
going -at": tc-ii. knots' ah-, hour.' during/"a
storm can surround-itself by comparatively, still waters, covered "with ah
oily film,' extending a safe distance, on
all-sides'," Ijy allowing, oil'lo drip on .the
water at the'rate of..little more,,than
a .pint "ah hbutv -.And the- effect", is
greatest on waves in d.eep water.-    ���
Keeping Paper Money Clean
Many Canadian Bills Are Menace to
Public Health
It is no advertisement for this Dominion lo have such a large number
of dirty bill3 in circulation, says The
Brandon Sun. A great many of our
dollar bills are physically- filthy
paper money and an unsanitary
menace. Belter health as- well as
self-respect culls for cleaner money.
The lower denominations of our paper
money service aro loud tokens of
germs and dirt, soiled money. Tliey
are ill encouragement to cleanliness at
homo and poor testimonials to Canadian habits abroad. If it is impossible to have a money laundry we
should cancel all lillhy.lucre.
In other countries paper money is
much cleaner than in Canada, in
Britain they do not. allow tho lower
values of white bank notes lo circulate at all when they-have'accumulated a quarter of the germ culture
Canada considers agreeable to the People. The Bank of Kugland never reissues a live-pound note once it
reaches its coffers again. All its notes
aro printed upon white paper which
shows the dirt more Quickly than our
bills, or rather has more while to
show. The British problem is much j
simpler, lor the Bank of England notes
are of larger denominations and therefore' are not subject tb thc constant
handling thai our paper dollars must
undergo. But we, if wre are to save
ourselves the physical effort of handling metallic coinage, must at least pay
the price of such exemption by emitting and 'maintaining' a clean money
service.���St.  Catharine.s   Standard.
Small Legacy Wei! Invested
  V ���'
Englishman Made Fortune From Purchase of Three^Prize Fowls
The romance of a fortune made
from three Gochin-China. fowls bought
for ��50 is-reealfed-by the deatli iit
Durham, Enghind,-ol" Aldernian George
S. Proctor, who was twice mayor. He
started 50 years ago by buying, with
half of a legacy of ��100, a prize
cockerel^ and two prize pullets. He
bred j'roinihom so successfully that
he soon won a-world-wide reputation
for Cochins, and Orpingtons, and carried off morVlhan ,10,000 prizes in the
United Kingdom. ��� . .7
It.was his boast that he,could cover
the-"walls, and. ceilings of his hoincf
Flass House, with/the .special and first
prize"tickets that he had gained as an
exhibitor. 7 Hu won five times at the
Crystal Palace the 20 guinea challenge
ciip/awarded for the best'hen m the
show!. /   -";-   -,'    7.   V-7. W  ...-..'.
CHEWERS always prefer their tobacco in perfect
condition; this is assured, when they demand it
packed in the famous Vacuum (air-tight) tins.
y   y- \ -. ���       ,,
The following well known brands are'now packed in the
famous Vacuum (air-tight) tins.
'  W -W'���'������':    ��� . ��� X���      .';..'���
Big Ben Black Plug Chewing Tobacco
Stag Bright Plug Chewing Tobacco
Pay Roll Bright Plug Chewing Tobacco
Piper Heidsieck Bright Plug CKewingTobacco
-'."'���.'������'��� "'j#��*>c.'. "��� '.''������ ��� ��    ���-���������'
ask for the Famous Vacuum (Air-Ti-
V   A League Of Nations:
Official.   At.  Passport -. Office.  .Settled
'    .,- ��� 'Complicated Question
."But  areryou- a  Brilisli-bor.i   subject-?" angrily dernandetl the'qflicial at
tlie passportf'ollice; W-V - -'   ' W; -'.
.""-'.'My. niqther :wa_j BritisiiW���"7.- /��� "
-"yesf-yes-���������".    '-������"   ���- ."W.-W "
" "Bul 'she 'marricda. Frenchman���W'1
--  "Ves-���W .-'.. '��� _X.X)X: >'"-.'7.    .
r .';/'n-I(aIy.";: --'-,-   '-.."-'7-'"/. .-.
". -.'i'es/ but where'. were you" born'!"
'.-'Iiras born/on,a.ship flying.Spanish,
colors whilst she was.lying-at-anchor
in: Honolulu harbor, butVsiy parents
died in -Brazil when -I was only, /four,
years bid, and li .was "adopted by a
Chinaman who;br.ought nie' up.in Kus-
sia������^    '--x)  ;'"-.-..' ' ���"'" *
���   "Well, he's-������" began the oflicial.,  .'
' "lie's." a.' League  of . Xation's'!-"  exploded another official. ."������'.  - .-'
Studious Canada
Over-'Two  Million  Persons. Attending
SchooMn-the dominion
'-Canada, has approximately,,2,200,000
persons at school. Of these approxi-'
inak'ly-:100;000" children are in private
schools, of whom "5-1,000 aro'in schools'
subsidized' bur. "not.controlled, by .the,
slat'e.'-iiiqre' than' fiO.000 are reK'istc'rod
at colleges and'universities;.3.+.000 at.-"
tend; Indian .schools;. .U.600 .attend institutions ffor ,-tp:i"clieV /.training;. V,fl00
attend .schools" for the blind-and deat;
SliOOO' attend, .schools or. classes, of a
voi-af iontii nature.   -;.-    ��� V:...-- V . _ -
- .--Average.Family Of Five7""
'/. Where.-'ls '.tliat- ."'average fariii.iy -of
five," .that the-Iabor departinV-'nt'work"
dn?". But"theri;:.'if_ everyffamily of jive
were satisfied lof-live on-f$21 a.week���
they call that the '-"ppverly iiiie"���the
driving.ambiiion, that.makes great men"
and' millionaires would-die .out aiul ih��?
world would be.a drab"-piace.-~,0'ttawa-
Joufnal. , .    '
:'X.xy. Keyy -Source'Of;- Income:..;-'' /
,���,-,Stepograpliersfoutfof jobs in Munich
hkv��3,found;h',��owrcc,;of revenue in the
local cemeteries.'V It is their custom
to-attend aii funerals and take down
.the ...words-.of. JIK7officiating clergyman. -/��� These, thcy. .transcribe neatly
on iapurniog'""paper with a black border, >arid "then,, offer,, their work ������to' the
relatives .off thef deceased. -"'��� In almost
every,; case; the.relatives' buy'act only
the "first .transcript, .But .ofte-n order a
considerable number of ..carbon coj>iei-
,. '.'./.Amend Canned 'Foods'; Act -Vf ').���'
""'First' reading was  given  to- a'fbill
amending'the Meat and Canned Foods
JAct by altering regulations  so  that
j meat and canned foods���exclusive of
���j salmon���will be sold by weight, instead
of by cubic content, in the House of
Corhihons.. ..'    ���. ', /,---; .   -
Trinidad's Lake Of Asphalt
Removal of Four Million Tons Has
Not Decreased Supply
The lake of asphalt iu Trinidad has
fallen .only fifteen '.feet since its discovery by early explorers, despite the
fact that approximately 4,000,000 tons
of road-muking material have been removed. It is estimated that 10,000,-
00.0 tons'- of tho mixture have been
churned into-asphalt by gases during
ihe ages in Pitch Lake,, .which is
known as Devil's fCaldron'.'-among the
natives.. / .To..transport-"iho material,
rails mounted-"joncties have been" extended over the, surface, and cars aro
rim'/rat'to, the' diggers who never move
the-f scene,-of operations,. as each
morning -.finds, tlie^ holes lcH.-liy.the
previous:day's activity filled iip/fAbout
every three'days,-tho pitch covers the
railway, -which-.slowly sinks" into _ihe
soft material and must'"bo raised ;-and.
relaid. . Hy. means of this track-100;-'-
000 tons of a-jphalt-are withdrawn-from
the -lake each- year. 7- -The entire- deposit/covers -an- area, of."'about.'-- 110
acres',-but-its-depth.-lias-ynovc-r- b.eeri-
measured-���Popular Mechanics.    ������    "
Preferred   To  Remain  Unknown
- ; Cancer vNdt' Hereditary "
- -The idea" thai: carieei;is IiereiHtary;
or. even infectious is/being given up,,
according to Basil Hall; noted--surgeon,
of Bradford, England,..who."addressed
the ' Ontario "Medical7Association',iri
Toronto'. . .Br.-IIail' stated 'that- the
t hcory now en tertained was^that"'cancer- was caused by a' parasite. - Cock-,
roaches, rats and mice arc under sus--
pieibn-f.as-. carriers .of-the .parasite, he
said." 'ff   .     ... ��� "  -7 ������ ,   -"
ConqifeM Breath
A, good-sized screwdriver, if aag-
.'n'fctized, will'pick up "screws.-.that have
.been dropped,;In places, you eaenot
{reach ,with firigers-pr pliers.  .-������;'
f-Th'c. day I started taking Carter's
Xittle.Liver Pills," says.,Mr. John A.
-Perry of ..New York Ci��y,f "my habitual .
Jiad "breath and' bad stomach "fstopped.
I. strongly recommend them to alPthose--
afflicted with these- nasty troubles. 1
.assure you that ray own case. was a
bad one, causing" me untold embarrassment, and Carter's helpeti irae right
from lhe start."
Bad breath comes f re��h sour stomach'
and can usually be relieved quickly by
Carter's Little Liver Pills.
They are wonderful for constipation,
sick-headache and indigestion and they
physic the system in a mild aad gentle
Eia_ittejy.no .ba<l after .effects.
Kecenu&eaidcd and for tale by aU
dreg etores. ��� f"7"/--"f.
New York ^"Man Educated Hofmann
Shunned  Publicity .
Josef Hofmann now reveals who put
up. the money for his musical education.- It, was the late Alfred Corning
Clarlr, a.wealthy New Yorker of a by-
gone generation.
In ISSS, when young Josef had^been
exploited to the limit as' a ten-year-
old prodigy, lo the great detriment of
his health and art, the Society for the
Prevention, of ". Cruelty-. ^0 Children
stepped.in. and put an end to" his appearances. . Mr." Clark then came for-
-ward and gave ?50,000 that ho,-might
study with Anton- Kubinsleitif ��� 1-I<;
asked nothing for himself and'stipulated ^that li's name bo 'withhold. Jblr>f-
mann.saw.hlrn only twice, once in.IJer;
lin and .once-in- England.-;' Accustomed as'we are to .-philanthropy!.which
has an eye cocked-at the newspapers';
this" seenis especially"fine.���New',-Vork.
World.'..-':-.-' "���    ���}') ''���-], };- ).};���" ���,}?.���
���y Occupation An Aid To_ Health
Lord Nelson Had.a..Plan That Produc-
* ed Good Results -  .
-On au.occasion .when "Nelson, had.a
big..fleet at sea "for..two months at-.a
time.he-records.that.iri that;period,no
death from; sickness. occurred', aniong
tho 7,000 tb 8,000- persons in tho'-lieot.'
He^attribiited these remarkable, results
not/merely "to" the physical surroundings "of the crows," but also to the constant mental" stimulus'-which he aroused by" providing, ilio'seamen with'occupation"-- 'abcl- "-frequent 'amusements.
-These/helped io:keep the "various .faculties in 'c'ontinua.I. play and.avoided
the riiouotony whicli most-gaps .health
through -its' deadening effects on tho
mind and, spirits".���Mahah's.. Life' /'of
Nelson.. "    -.'/���/-.   '_-'��� ' ��� -,- .���.--'���-    '-_.-���
Measure:Magnetism Of Eye
'-'Dr._-Ru.8s, after'a st'-rios' of <-xrfer}-
Tiieuts, states ", ihat ��� ihb-hurnan eye-
emits a" liiagnetic. ray- that- can;-move
a. sensitive (f-iec'trical instruiiK-nt at-'a
considerable-- -distance. This . niov��.
meuf, which/is". almost ihsianlnrieous.
may-'ampunt-.to thirty: degrees of tho
compass. /���������".". ' "" ./. -7-'- ,. -���. ..".-���.'.,- -:
-. . The human'' body, states. Dr. Rusa',
is'not magneti.ci .but "an electrical force
is/apparently generated "'in' iho brain,
and, escapes through;-.the -fcyes. during
sight.'. .'..- " '..'"������'. / ' 7.   ...'���. ���'���
Keeping the Peace
Being   Prepared to  Make  War is tin
���   Safeguard   Against  Trouble
The power to hurt an enemy is .he-
best way, human nature being what it
is, of keeping at peace. That power wo
should assume, and    should  ��� declare"
ourselves  ready   to  use.      I'i   is   the
paradox of this question that if w�� are
ready, to make .war in the  cause of
France, we shall not be required to
make it.; bur.if we pursue an aiiiious
isolation  in   the .cause of peace  we
shall not be allowed to keep il.���Lon'
don.Morning Post.
- Stomach' disturbances and constipation 'are responsible lor.much, of tha'
peevishness, of babies -and -young .chil-;
drenV  When 'tlio"- baby is'cross, or ir-.
ritable the mother'should not resort-
io. so-called "soothing, mixtures-to'-correct llie-trouble for in-the majority of
_ca_sesit.hesoiriiixtur.es. simply-drug -the -
child-into a"n,,uunatural. sleep.: -What ���
is needed is a gentle laxative that will
sweeten llie stomach'and regulate the
bowels.     Such-a remedy is found in..
Baby's '.0;.vir Tablets.. -" They are. easy
;.to tako arid, are/guaranteofl lo'bo.cri-'
j.tirely. frae from opiates-aiiti-nareot.lcs.-
i Concerning., thoni,'Mrs.-Jos. .Tousaigri- -
' ant,-   Ste.' - Sopliie,/Que.,//writes:,-^"!'
would like.all-fhioihers to,know tliat I
feel there;is.no  -other'- medicine...to.
equal .Baby's Own. Tablets.     I. always
keep a.".box in-the   house.-and ~.their'
l.roinpi use never.fails to .restore my '
littlo ones ftp.���health.",.' -The .Tablets.-.'
are sold.by medicine dealers"or by.mall
at 25 cents a'box .from The,Dr. Wil-.
j Hans MedicincCo.. Brdckvilic, .Out. /
- Because, lia. had. damaged a borrow-'
ed, book'and-had not. the money'to pay,
for it,- Abriiham. Lliigoln worked for a-
farmer.   ''���" "--    '". ��� X  :��� ��� ".-���'���_ z y
7 If/a; man ir, riot great in" liufo't Kings"
hc-_laelcs;tho" element-��/ true, greainess..
;'   Liquor, Manufacture- In..Canada
Canada.'s- output- of-hard.-liquor/cbri-
tlnues-to. Increase. \ la- the-iiscal year
i324,::4,41!|S38-proof gailon's- of "spirits
we're actually' manufactured in Canadian distilleries, compared with 3,-S2S,?.
THe :Best Sink Value
Ever Offered
Entirely new type .of Sink at a remorit-
��bty lowpiice. .The bose isr<3st"-r�������tiiig.
Armco Iron, coated with purest while
enamel,; same as refrigerators, "electric
ranges, etc. Sold complete with all' fit-
*U>xa and instructions.
SM3P'. Enameled f Sinks
(    When aa   old  man  proposes   to  a
j girl it. is up to him to lay his- heart
i at her feet and his' cheque-book in her
hand.    ' .'-. -," -
���. About all the- use some men have
for the"golden rule Js to nKasure"
ihe condu'ei of others.
SMP Enameled! Drain
Board~-Price $g,50
Wcaderfal value.. -Wfiite'enatneJed Artnco ���
Iron base. Very stroac;beadsoms;}___ii_d>-.
Th'e��e cew SMP Sintai aa& X>rein Board*
scid by nl! plumbers ����t herd weir ttemm,-
w-vpriteidirectto -���
*��5hs��t MeTAL^OSUCTS ie* THE   LEDGE;   GREENWOOD, ��� JL. &.'
. -\j?K
Geneva.���.Great   Britain   dropped a
'' bomb oh -Geneva when she proposed,
.���������'���before"the international conference on
'    .Uie control of arms and munitions, that
warships be omitted from   the' .category of armaments which.will_.be subject to international control.     Japan
and Italy supported the British move.
This action on the part of/ Britain
followed   a   move    of another kind,,
when T. E. Burton, of Ohio, proposed
an entirely new clause in the convention', whereby international, .traflic   in
poison gas for war purposes would be
prohibited.       *���', -
Mr; Burton's resolution was subse-
'quently   referred- to/a committee of
technical .'experts. .     .
Rear-Admiral-Aubrey- Smith,  British delegate, outlined to .the conference committee oh military and naval
and air matters why his country favored taking warships out of the .list
��� ���'of .armaments which, under the draft.
.-:..   convention, aro subject to a system ot
"..���/,: license when sold by one to another.
. He argued that: the chief aim of the
conference was not to prevent illicit
\    trade in armaments, but.to control and,
especially, make it public.
He' laid stress on the fact that the'
���y-yr. object of the~confercnce was not to
- reduce    armaments'   but   merely   to
-throw everything about their sale into
W   the light ofo publicity.     Now nobody,
lie,declared, could conceal the- sale of
a warship, and hence it seemed un-
���   necessary   to   keep   warships in the
category of war material lo be supervised.
Japan  supported   the  British  view
for the same reason, and Italy followed suit.     No nation opposed the Brit-
- _.  ish suggestion.
Governor-General Byng
To Make Tour Of West
Arms Conference Is
Fking Difficulties
Practically   AH   Smaller.  States   Con.
demn Proposed Armament Pact
"Geneva.���France, through her eloquent parliamentarian, Paul Boncour,
who presides over the French eommis-
mission of national de-fence, has given notification that national security
must be the precursor to disarmament.
Addressing ihe international conference on, ihe control of the trade in
arms and munitions he pleaded for
that-reign of mutual confidence and
spirit of mutual assistance among
tho nations, which would permit the
world to decrease iis burden ol" armaments.
.Practically all the? smaller states
came forward hi condemnation of the
draft convention iioav before the delegates. One by one, beginning with
Greece, they " flayed the document,
which is the fruit of two years' labor
by experts, as a blow at the minor
countries, .because in effect it-makes
them entirely dependent on the great
manufacturing'coun tries .'for those armaments, which are_vitaI-for-the-main-
tenaneo of their national security.
. Both Poland and Rumania called attention io lhe gravity of the situation
arising from tho absence of Russia
from the present deliberations.
Ottawa.���His    .Excellency .: the
Governor-General  will  leave  Ottawa   on   June   16 for a tour bf
Western Canada-which will last a.
month.    The itinerary will include
"- stops at Winnipeg^ Edmonton,
Robson,    B.C.,    New    Hazelton,
, Prince Rupert, Vancouver, Victoria and" Calgary. The trip west
will be made by the Canadian
National Railways, and the return
trip over tho lines of the Canadian Pacific Railway.     ' ' - '       -
Death Of Lord Leverhulme
Famous   Soap    Manufacturer: Passes
Away At, Age Of 74
London. ��� Viscount Leverhulme,
famous soap manufacturer and philanthropist, who has been ill with pneumonia for some days, died on May 7.
He" was 74 years of age.
Lord Leverhulmo's private inclina-.
tions, as well as his business responsibilities, constituted him a great
traveller. 'He frequently visited Canada, and when in Toronto in 1919 he
took '-occasion to reiterate his views
on the advantages of a six-hour working day as helpful to production.; On
his return from the United States a
year later he declared that if Britain
followed the States in going dry she
could pay her debt to- the States in
five years.
- In his later; years, Lord Leverhulme
suffered from extreme deafness. He
.had been a widower for a good many
years. His heir, the Hon. William
Hulmo Lever, is acting chairman of the
business wliich his father founded.
Guarded Against Plotters
British Foreign Secretary, who is ha-
ing closely guarded by plainclothes-
men following discovery of a red
plot against his life.
Seek Co-operation Of
Federal Government
Company Would Erect Pulp and Paper
Mill In Manitoba
Ottawa.���Co-operation of the "Federal Government to provide sufficient
supplies of pulpwood for the enterprise is being sought by the Spanish
River Pulp and Paper Company who,
in conjunction with J. D. McArthur,
have announced their willingness to
erect a 200-ton pulp and paper mill in
Manitoba. They are willing to pay
a price equal to the stumpage of pulp-
,' wood to competing mills.in Northern
and Northwestern Ontario and to
leave subsequent prices to be fixed by
the crown.
These vconcessions are sought, the
companies claim, only to ensure,-the
getting of a sufficient supply of pulpwood to keep the mill going a number of years. Tho expenditure on the
contemplated mill would be about
?5,000,000  or $6,000,000.
Canadians Among
Heirs Seeking Fortune,
British Estate Valued at Considerably,
Over Six Million -^
Fredericton, X.B.���G.^ Byron Crawford of MJnto, andf John Hawkes of
South Devon, representing forty odd
Canadian and American heirs to the
Crawford estate In the British isle?,-
valued in ISH at $6,500,000 and now
reputed to be worth much more than
that amount, have -left for Boston,
Mass., wht-ro they will consult Col. P.
A. Guthrie, who has been engaged as
��� legal representative of Hie claimant:..
(._-. '������ ������
" Income Taxes In West   -
Ottawa.���Saskatchewan pays less
income tax than those of the other two
prairie -province?. 'In answer to a
question* in the'House of Commons, it
was stated ihat the lotal amotfnta collected In federal income tax in the fiscal year just ended were: Manitoba,
13,477,069;" Saskatchewan, $372,028;
Alberta. $1,103,911.
Saskatchewan Coal
Is Shipped To Germany
Briquetting Test To Be Made Under
- New German System
Regina.���One of the investors most
interested _lp_the_forthcoming briquet--
ting tests in Germany on Saskatchewan lignite coal, Hugh Sutherland,
Winnipeg, together with a party of industrial engineers, has left for Germany to witness'the tests.
The fifty tons of coal shipped from
Bienfait to Rotterdam , for thc experiments have reached- tho Dutch
port safely, according to a cable received by Thos. M. Molloy, commissioner of the provincial bureau of
labor and industries.
The briquetting testa will be conducted . under ' the Thyssen and
Stinnes systems.
Friendly Act Toward Germany
Now Represented On Committee
Through Suggestion By France
Geneva.���France made a friendly
gesture to Tjlermany at.the"opening ot
the session .of the conference' on the
control of traflic in .arms, -when ���M.Paul.. Sonceour moved that the"" steering committee of the conference be
enlarged from seven to nine members,
so that-all sections of the'worldjniiglit
be represented, particularly non-members of the League of Nations. Germany, chiefly as a result, of this motion, is~now represented on the committee.
Propose Amendments Amundsen May Not
To Canada Grain Act
Ottawa.���Amendments to the
Canada Grain Act will be brought
down in the House of Commons
shortly. Hon. T. A. Low, minister of trade and commerce, has
given notice, nf a resolution, preliminary to legislation, ."to "mako
further provisions in respect to the
handling and .marketing of grain
or incident to the buying, selling
or transportation of grain; the
grading and weighing of grain:
the handling of grain in and out
by country elevators; the operation, management and control nf
terminal, public and ..private elevators; thc storing, cleaning and
binning bf grain, the mixing of
grain, k and the disposition oJC
screenings." -
Daring Parachute Descent
Flight Officer'Carter Gives a Demonstration At High River
High River, Alta.���Jumping from a
Viper aeroplane at, a height of 1,200
feet. Flight Officer Albert Cfirter made
the first demonstration parachute descent at tho High River air"station. "
The jump was*-witnessed by hundreds of peoplo from High River. A
fairly strong, wind was blowing, but
the descent was successful in every
way. Carter went up on the wing of
the nne-sc-iter machine, which was
piloted by Flight Officer Dickens.
Ottawa.���While spiritedly defending
the operation of the Canadian National
Railways in. his .annual statement on
this phase of the system in the House
of Commons, and expressing the view
lhat the showing of thc system had,
to date, been phenomenal, -Hon.
George P. Graham, minister of railways, announced^reductions in the estimates for the" railways, with a view
to lightening the financial burden of
the counlry. Ten millions is to be
eliminated from the main estimates,
and supplementary estimates for the
system-will not be pressed.
Mr. Graham felt that when all things
were considered, the success achieved
by 'tho Canadian National was phenomenal. He declared no private company had to struggle under such difficulties as the Canadian National. -At
,one of the most critical periods of the
world, tlie Canadian National hail
becn handed a disjointed mass of intricacies, the chief entities of which
liad .been "plunged into^ bankruptcy under.private ownership.. There seemed to be an idea that public ownership
should, at a stroke, remedy all the "delinquencies of private ownership, during the last half-century.     "    "
Transportation companies should
be judged by the -service "rendered,
and by the cost. .Mr. Graham compared the operation of American and
Canadian railways.
"In Canada," he said, "both the
great lines of railway are above criticism, and, in fact, ono of the great
difficulties of both the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Canadian National
Railways in this country Is that the
service in quality exceeds the remuneration in quantity. The service to
the Canadian'people is altogether too Tokio,
good.      " .
Fish Embargo No Relief
Will's Not    Help    Canadian    Industry
;    Says T, H. Johnson
Vancouver.���Tho suggested embargo
on American fish would riot bring relief to the halibut iish industry in Canada, according to T. H. Johnson, general manager of the Canadian Fish
and Cold Storage Company, Prince
Rupert. W
. "We have hopes that the .president
of the United. States will exercise hig
prerogative and. reduce the duty on
Canadian fish entering the United
States," Mr. Johnson declared, "when
the report of the Hopkinson commission appointed by Mr. Coolidge to inquire _into the production costs of
American and Canadian halibut is
"Men actively engaged in the fishing industry aro optimistic that the
result of this investigation will be a
recommendation that the president
exercise his prerogative and reduce
the duty by one-half."
The order-in-council passed In 191-1
permitting Uiited States fish to pass
through Canada in bond was a good
thing for Canada, in the opinion of
Mr. Johnson, os it provided employment for Canadian labor' and much
freight for tho Canadian National
Railways. ~
Have Competition
Algarssbn Polar Trip Held Up For
Lack of Funds
London.���The race " to the North
Pole between Amundsen and Grettir
Algarsson'of Vancouver, the mere announcement of which stirred two continents a few weeks ago, is In danger
offering called off. Amundsen seems
likely to have the race all to himself.
The construction of the necessary
airship has beeu delayed for some unexplained cause, but at the Liverpool
yard, where Algarsson's craft is to bc
built, It: Is said that tho Vancouver
man will not make the trip this year,
the reason assigned being that the
necessary financial backing is not
Meanwhile reports from Copenhagen
show that Amundsen is all ready lo
leave and those Canadians on,this side
who had set their hearts on seeing AI-
garsson win the honors, are naturally
disappointed. Efforts aro, however,
still being made to ensure that Al-
garsson will_be_able to make the attempt:.
Railway Co-operation
Pres. Beatty of the C.P.R. Says This
Policy Will Not Alone Solve
Montreal.���Addressing shareholders
of the Canadian Pacific Railway at ihe
annual meeting hore.^K  W. Beatty,
presidenl of the   company,   declared
ihat although the   Canadian   Pacific
was in favor of a co-operative policy,
wliich would" eliminate as far as pos-
Favor Rural Credits
Two Senators! Advocate the Adoption
Of Government System
.'.Ottawa.���Two speakers in the senate -advocated the adoption by.7the
government of a system of. rural credits a.s a necessary aid to agriculture
in the Dominion. Senator Mitchener
believed that the scheme of credits
recommended by Dr. Tory, president
of the University of Alberta, would be
successful in Canada. Senator Bel-
court said that rural credits" was the
most important and practical scheme
before the country.
Senator Mitchener also believed it
to be the best scheme until thc government provided a better system of
financing agriculture. If i liere was a
system of rural credits to consolidate
the farmers' <iebis,and secure extended terms for repayment, they, could remain on the land and redeem their investment, he said, but, if not, thousands would have to lose all and leave*
Canada. There was no chance of
progress in Alberta without aid of this
Considering Trade
Treaty With Finland
Question Will Be Submitted to
Parliament Shortly
Ottawa.���A trade treaty between
Canada and, Finland shortly will""" be
submitted to parliament. The acting
minister of finance, Hon. ,T. A. Robb,
(lias given notice of his intention of
���<Ottawa.���The development of the
Hudson's Bay Railway and its completion were urged before a gathering
of members of parliament and others
in the railway committee rooms of tho
House of Commons.
General R. AV. Patterson and F. H.
Martin, of the On-to-the-Bay Association, were the principal speakers.
Lantern slides of the district through
���which the line passes were shown.
The speakers were inlreduced to the
gathering by Hon. W. R. Motherwell,
minister of agriculture. General Patterson stated that there were millions
of dollars worth of equipment lying
idle along the right of way, aud that
if only a part of it'was utilized, it
would pay for the co.it of completion
of the road. He said that it seemed
utterly foolish to abandon the project
when only a few miles of the road.remained to be completed, and that the
people of .the west were amlost .unanimously, behind lho; idea, and that they
felt-that the future prosperity of Western Canada depended, greatly on tlio
north route for the shipment of grain.
General Patterson said that only
one million dollars was needed to
finish the road, and if a few small expenditures were made tin docks at
Port Nelson the project would be finally . .demonstrated as tho absolutely
feasible undertaking that Western
Canada.believed it would be.
Mr. Martin spoke along the same
lines, and in the course of his talk
referred to the statement of Sir Wilfrid Lauriqr that the .price of Canadian unity was the completion of. the
Hudson's Bay Ranway..
sible  duplicate  train  service  on
Take along a bottle of Minard's
Wonderful for-insect bites. Al-
eo gives quick"relief for sprains
and bruises.
Rhineland Radio San
Berlin.���The Socialists have intro-
! dueed an interpellation in the Reicli-
|t>tag calling attention to the regulations which, still prohibit the use of
j radio in the Rhineland occupied ter-
: ritory, and asking the government
:Upon what i-.uthority "this insulting
I measure" hy the army of occupation
is based.
lines of that' railway system and of
the Canadian'National-Railways, such
a policy was not sufficient' to constitute' a solution of. Canada's, railway
This, he said, was" thc only proposal
that had been discussed between tho
Canadian Pacific and the Dominion
Government.and no_situation-had aris
en, which should give the shareholders
of the company any reason to believe
that their-interests'would be adversely affected in finding a solution to
Canada's problems, as' regards the
Canadian National'Railways."        i
the {moving the ratification' of a convention to extend "most favored nation"
treatment'to Finland. Mr. Robb also
has given notice of a bill to ratify the
trade agreement of July 11, 1924, bo-
tweons Canada and the Netherlands.
Earthquake Must Have
Occurred At Sea
Soldiers' Memorial Arch
Names   of   Soldiers ' From   Different
Parts "bf Empire to be Placed on
Gates at Ypres
London.���-The names of some 50,000
soldiers from all parts of the empire
will bc inscribed   on   the   Memorial
Arch at Menin Gate, Ypres, which is
shortly to be erected by the imperial
war graves commission Jn~ commemoration of the missing soldiers of the
Ypres salient.     -Thero. will- probably
be S,000 Canadian, names and the high
commissioner for Canada, learns' that
approval has now been given to the
, Ottawa.���Robert Forko has decided
to remain as leader of the Progressive
parly. , J. Fred Johnston has resigned as chief whip, and is replaced by
C. W. Stewart, Humboldt.
This was officially announced following a caucus of the "Progressive
Thii ends ihe long scries of Pro-'
gressiye deliberations whicli have been
under way, in one form" or another,
siince the veto on tlie budget.     At the
Opposes Free Export Of Arms
Latin-American View Given In Speech
Before Arms Control Conference'.
Geneva.���Through the voice of Dr."'
Gustav Guerrero, of   Salvador^   noted
jurist, who spoke 'before   the   international conference on the control of
the   traffic   in   arms' and munitions,:
Latin-America    told    the world  that
arms should henceforth not be export-
ed%freely to countries in the throes or
a revolution, but. only to governments
which have been chosen by constitutional means... i
This opinion is-thought to represent
the views of many South and Central
American states, and if put into effect
i/nplies an important, amendment to
the draft convention before the conference, which- permits ihe exportation of arms as soon as the manufacturing country has recognised the'gov-"
eminent of the purchasing country.
Coal Output" Decreased
Ottawa'.���The output' of coal from
Canadiari,..mine:'. during February decreased.22.per e?nt. belo"\y.<;���!e production for" the preceding moiuh, says the
bureau of.statistics," ihe figures being
1,j 56,3-19 7tpns"Tin"FebruafyTagninsf"
l,-!SS,G5i tons in'Jariuary-' ,:.��� '���;    -     [r y
Canoeist- Reaches1 Rome.-
Rome.���George H. GZ Smythe, Canadian canoeist, '.paddling from" London-
to Romef-Arrived here:~May:<i,"and was
greeted by a  large,'and  enthusiastic
crowd;.. ' ���" ��� . ,7 f      ,.    W - .-' -r-
Report    Received    of    Terrific
Tremors Recorded at Ottaw^
Ottawa.���Somewhere in the world
there has been a terrific earthquake,
wliich, if it occurred in an inhabited
portion of the globe, must havo. caused damage akin'to that wliich was experienced in the terrible earthquake in j first'formal caucus, Robert Forke sub;
- j milted a virtual ultimatum', insisting
This is indicated by the earth trom-! on' changes in the parliamentary or-
ors which wore recorded May 5 aiid C j ganizatfon of the party as conditional
at the Dominion" Observatory. The j on his retention of the party Jeader-
earthf shocks were of such intensity j ship.
and of so'great a frequency that the! J- Fred Johnston, of Last .Moun-
officials at the observatory have been j t��Jn, who is succeeded as chief whip
unable to determine the distance toi by Mr. Stewart, of Humboldt, was ono
the epicenter. -   .-' of the 17 Progressives who voted with
Press dispatches have not carried jt11 egovernment- on the main% budget
any news as to the occurrence "of an!ITU),ion-,
earth tremor anywhere, which .'leads There-was talk after the caucus that
to   the- 'belief   it may have occurred | some oAhe 17 may now throw in their
somewhere at sea.
Appeals To Farmers.
Quebec���An   appeal   lo all French-
Canadian    farmers,    especially , the
younger element, to remain at home
Slot witli the government..    A few of
I them left the caucus before the de-
j liberations ended, but gave no intimation  of any intentions  to leave  the
Progressive Party.
W.   N.   U.   157S
Nova Scotia Elections - W '
Halifax, N.S.���The last session of
the fourteenth Nova Scotia Legislature
since    Confederation    is    prorogued.
���This assembly completes the terin of
,! the present government, ami an elec
'jtioa will be held before September 30-
Liability For Wife's Acts
London.���Lord    Danesfort,    famous
! a big city' was made by Henrf Bour- j British lawyer, will move in the house
assa, managing editor of Le Devoir, ���; f0J* appointment of a select commit-
and till the soil instead of going away
positions allocated for the inscription j ATLa attempting to wrest a living from
of these names.
Committed  For Sirdar Assassination > Montreal, in 'an address here.
Cairo.���The nine men accused of the j
assassination of Sir Lee Stack, Sirdar; Smuggled Into States,-By Aeroplanes
of the-Egyptian army and Governor-!    Montreal.���The United States Immi-
General of the Sudan, last.November.Jsration headquarters here is Informed
were committed to trial.     When ar- j that an aeroplane   making   frequent
raigned before the magistrate. Abdua' *rips between Montreal &nd Northern
Fattab. Anayat, one of the accused, i^ew York state is the latest means of! cannot touch hi
described how the murder was"carri<rd ! tnyosport fffi? Immigrants evading the [ responsible   for
tee to investigate the necessity of
changing the law which makes a husband liable for damages for his wife*?
misdeeds. The old law, whereby a.
Brltlsfi' wife is regarded as the husband's chattel, has been whittled
down, and now,s although the husband
wife's' money, he is
both -lier debts and
i United States quota laws.
| torts.
A New Dairy Pail
at a Popular Price
Sec ifte new' SSrtP Dairy Pail,
next time you'are in town. -
They arcmade of special quality, high-finished, tin, have
large dairy pail .ears."riveted
with large rivets, soldered
flush. IGQy'o sanitary- Cut
out this advertisement; Show..
it to ynur'-ngiilac dealer. He
hasoiir authority to .give yon-
a special low price on a pair
of these fine pails.      V THE LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH COLUMBIA, THURSDAY, MAYf 14, 1925
Lessee ...
Is $2.00 a year strictly in advanoe, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil  Notices     7.00
Estray Notices ...3.00
Cards of Thanks '..     1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears Ir notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advirtising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion,... nonpariel
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I2}��c. a line each insertion.
List of Hospital Subscribers
Government  Strengthened
Victoria, May 13th.���The result of the bye-election in Grand
Forks - Greenwood is considered
as a great triumph in Government circles, and , it certainly
materially improves the position
of the administration, being
equal to an increase of two in its
majority and tending to enhance
the stability of the government
Premier Oliver, in expressing
his delight, said: "Not only does
it show that the people prefer the
Government's performances to
the policies of the opposition but
it adds to pur administrative
security throughout the Province.
It is never a good thing for a
country to have a Government
which lacks a clear working
majority in the Legislature and
the new alignment of the House
as a result of our victory is for
the benefit of the Province.- The
.verdict of  the constituency  is of.
' course what I expected.'' ���
-- The final .returns gave Mr. McPherson. a majority of-seventy-
one.    As  there, was  an.fadverse
/majority ....of." .439 '. against ; the
Liberal candidate in" the 7general
election last 7-year the change7 is
considered .as  a.  tribute-:both to
-the hew  member .and'- the .party.
which he'"supports...     '"���' f
The. bye-election -was rendered
necessary-by.the death in a train,
explosion on the' eve" of --ths-'opening .of the ���.Legislature' of John
- McKie,"-' Conservative',- 'who bad
-beeii elected -by* a majority of ,108
in.a three-cornered fight., 77.7.
"The line-up. in the House is
-now 23 Liberals, 1 Independent
Liberal, -.16 -. Con serya.tives, 7-3
- Laboi.773   Provincial,    1 . IndependentV and - -..one'; seat- .vacant.
.-.': (Dewdney.)}}';-.'���'    'y..-X-:-y['--. x } ���' .
There.is a renewal of. interest ;al
the; tennis courts in Greenwood
and wUl continue all summer with
ever increasing interest. Tennis is
agood game into which bdfch-f; men
and women may enter. Like crik-f
et it is'a national game in England-
arid ^-stimulates .in. Canadaenthusiasm for the Mother Country. . Its
social connection while not exclusive, iB uplifting and inspiring. Ii
is agood game, for both men .and
women and incidentally combats the
iniluences that are setting against
.matrimony. It ia.a daylight game
f played in'the open under the Bhin-
iug sun7 and is discouraging to
plotting and aU unwholesome machinations. It is. a clean game
morally, and invigorating to both
..body iandfseal. -More people should
.7play.tennis, y.yXyi"-:. .--._���.;"., .';-'
7 x.x Shuah is Tough! -'"
;   7Cul]en;Laridis, a true son of the
.Sunny South,  possessed.of a" per-
. feet southern accent, bas foundf it
equally jdseless .on both the stage!
and screen., VW
/ During tiie years he appeared in
stage    productions,    Landis/ was
never given a southern role to play.
~:   Today*,   featured   with   Ernest
Torrence, Mary Astor, fSToah Berry
and. fPyhllfs Haver in the James
Crazi1,   Paramoant production   of
'.'The Fighting; Coward,''   to   be
shown at the7.Greenwood Theatre.
on Saturday, .Mayri.Sfebj/he. plays
"the part of a Southern,:gentleman.
Bat the .."silent drama?' ^iias^nb
use for accent,
~        "" -is'.a
"Magnolia/5 by Booth Tarkingtoa.
IS .deals7; with the days of the Old
South, when s greafe part of; the
labor was carried on bj slaves.')X)
Ice cream can now be obtained
at Goodeve's Drug Store.
Wm. Bryant, of Trail, is spending the week with his parents.
Anton Portmann, of Nicholson
Creek, is visiting Mr. and Mrs.
L. Portmann.
Mass will be held in the
Catholic Church ou Sunday, May
17th at 11 o'clock.
T. W. Trant, of Vancouver,
inspected all the Post Offices in
the district last week.
P. Campolieto has cabbage,
tomato and cauliflower plants for
sale atone cent each.
Mrs. H. Twells and two children, of Trail, are the guest of
Mr. and Mrs. L. Bryant.
D. Pasco, of Copper Mountain.
is spending a holiday in this
section the guest of E. A. Wanke.
John Mowat, of Victoria, is
spending the week with his brother stopping off here o�� his way
to Calgary.
D. McPherson, M. P. P., of
Grand Forks, was in town on
Monday and disposed of a new
Ford car to H N. Cox.
J. W. Gallagher, of Bonning-
ton and Embrose Tree, of Calgary, were the guests of Mr. and
Mrs. P.   McLaughlin   this week.
Miss Allan, of Nelson, arrived
in town on Tuesday morning and
is :relieving Miss Bawtinheimer
at ,the ��� Greenwood aud district
Frank Richter, son of -Mr. and
Mrs. Ed. Richter, of "Park
Ranch!? Kettle Valley, is attending as a student, Columbian
College, New Westminster.
McElmon, the watchmaker, has
returned to Greenwood and opened
a. pi ace of business-opposite the
Bank of Commerce'and is ready
to do watch and optical repairing.
..Twelve members'of the Masonic
fraternity-.- motored 'to-: Grand
Forks oh'TWednesday-to meet the
Grand Master, Stephen S. Jones,
of Victoria. 77A. banquet was held
at .6.30 and. a ticef sociable even;
ing was spent. D; W. Sutherland,.
of Kelowna,- was among the visitors.-" y-'';  7-      '-._." '-'XyXy.) ' 'X
, The1 Presbyterian: .Church-, in.
Canada attains;.'its.'Jubilee, this
year,and special -Jubilee..Services
aire being held; thfpughput'Cah^
add: on 'the .1.7th hist. Ib oiir
own district at -.Midw4y7]l':;a...m.
and Greenwood at 7:30 p.m. >-T'he
Sacrament of the: Lord's Supper
will .be celebrated at the close.of
both"; Services.. ;- Members- and
friends-are urged to7 avail - them-'
selves of this opportunity, .Remember���The mvitationisV Whosoever will.V. Whosoever"ytfufafe.-
Whatsoever"- - -be; "':,your;'""f a it hVor-
.creed do you but .seek .to follow
Christ and live His life, we welcome.you to commune with us. at
thef Table of your Lord and bur
Lord.,   ;'��� - -' ;_ .;' 'Xy '������'_' Z:\-y -.'-.-���.-_
-Thepublic school children are
"to,be vaccinated on. Monday,. May
18th. Conscientious objectors
must put their objections in writ?
ing and witnessed by fa notary
public or. a justice of the peace.
.Those-who have already^ been
vaccibated Vwithin; tbe-".7 past
two years must produce a certificate or. proof of successful vaccination to that effect;" Entrance and
High School pupils-will. not: be
vaccinated till after the' exams
This will be followingVout,. the
strict instructions issuedf.by the
strict instructions issued .by the
Provincial7. Health Department
to. the trustees and the. medical
healthjpfficen. Pupils not complying; with fthe, regulations as
stated; will; be excluded frota
further attendance.atthe schools
until, vaccination has been done
pt acertificate ;of objection produced. ���. X'.y  X
The Board of Managers very
thankfully acknowledge receipt
of the following subscriptions
Anyone wishing to subscribe,
kindly call at the office, or mail,
to Chas. King, Sec.-Treas., when
receipts will be given and
amounts acknowledged in the
current issue of The Ledge.
Previously acknowledged  $1287.05
Women's Auxiliary .���:-       200.00
Greenwood Hockey Club        38.00
Total       {51525 05
The Good Roads Department of
Manitoba expects to complete the
Trans-Canada Highway through
that province by October the first.
This will complete the road from
Brandon west to the Saskatchewan
The city of Halifax, N.B., is planning to re-establish its Provincial
Exhibition this coming fall according to Mayor Murphy. The fair has
only been held once" or twice since
the war prior to which it was an
annual event.
The Canadian Trade Commissioner
at Liverpool, England, is taking
steps to interest Canadian business
men in the expor-t of crushed oyster
shells to Great Britain. The United
States exports 20,000 tons of crushed shells annually to the British
The official opening of Crystal
Garden, Victoria's latest and finest
Amusement Park will take place on
June 26th. Celebrations, including
a ball, processions, and sports, ^will
mark the occasion and are scheduled
to continue until July 1st.
I Ought!
1���I OUGHT to belong to the Church because I ought to be better
than I am. Henry Ward Beecher once said, "The Church is not a
gallery for the exhibition of eminent Christians, but a school for
the education of imperfect ones." ���
2���1 OUGHT to belong to the Church because of what I can give
to it and do through it as well as because of what I may get out of it.
The Church is not a dormitory for sleepers, it is an institution of
workers; it is not a rest camp, it is a front line trench.      ,
3���1 OUGHTvto belong to the Church because every man ought to
pay his debts and do his share toward discharging the obligations of
society. The Church not only has been the bearer of good news of
personal salvation; it has been and it is the supreme uplifting and
conserving agency without which "civilization would lapse into
barbarism and press its way to perdition."
4���1 OUGHT to belong to the Church because of memories; memories of things I can never forget; memories of faces that will neVer
fade; memories of vows that are the glory of youth.
5���I OUGHT to belong to the Church because of hope; hope that
lives when promises are dead; hope that paves the way for progress;
hope that visions peace and social justice; hope for time, and hope
for eternity���the great hope that casts its anchor behind Jesus
Christ. ' '
'6���1 OUGHT to belong to the Church because of the strong men
in it who need reinforcing-; the weak men in it who need encouraging; the rascals in it who need rebuking. If I. say that I am not
good enough my humility recommends me. If I sit in the seat of
the scornful my activity condemns me. ,
7���I OUGHT to belong to the Church, but not until lam ready  to"'
join a going concern; not until I am willing to become an active
partner with Jesus Christ.
_^See the Minister at once and be ready to partake of your
First Communion on the 17th,-May.
GREENWOOD 7:30 p.m.
'Provincial Elections Act'^
- NOTICE IS HKREBY GIVEN that ['sliall,
011 Monday, the 18th day of May, 1925, at the
hour of 10 o'clock in the forenoon, at the Court-
House, Greenwood, hold a Sitting; of
the Court of Revision for the purpose of re--
vising- the List of Voters for the said Electoral
District, am] 'of heariuj; and determinint; any
and all objections to the retention of any
name ou tlie said List, or to the registration'
as a voter of any applicant for registration;
and for the oilier purposes set forth Mu the
"Provincial Elections Act."
Dated at Greenwood, 13.C. this 6U1- day of
April, 1925.
Registrar of Voters for the
Grand Forl.s-Grceuwood
Electoral District.
dpsis of
Navigation on the Great Lakes
and the St. Lawrence is now open
and has provided employment for
hundreds of men from Montreal, Toronto and other cities who have
been idle during the winter." Shipping circles are optimistic concerning   the   season   just   commenced.
"The  Fighting   Coward".-
oictamation   of   the' stage:.
Keep May. ISth - in Mind,. the,
"date of tlie Pythian Sssjtersf'Daoce.
It is announced that the Banff,
Alberta, Poiv-WW and Indians Day
celebration which takes place annually, will be held this year, July:
23 and 24 in the Yoho Valley. ���- On
these days the Stohey tribe of "Indians in full regalia, hold;-their
;Pow-Wow and compete .in; contests
of every .kind. .-    .   ���'.-���������������
; There are approximately 2,200,0.00.
-persons .attending .school"', in" this,
country.; .Of. thisf number, 1,600-are
. at -,institutions; for ' ,the blind- and
'mute; 781,000 , at'.vocational -schools
or classes;' 14,000 at Indian schools
and "the remainder-attend colleges,
universities, subsidized and private
schools and institutions for. training
teachers. ,   -    - :X--- .
What 8:30 Brings
When the hands of the clock
reacbuhalf past eight each night the
long-distance rates drop to the lowest
level ever reached by them in this
Province. These new rates prevail
until 7 a.m.
Summer Excursion Fares
With a view.to arranging a new
,'trade and" transportation - agreement
between.. Canada >���" and'. the"   British
.West -Indies. af conference, is to .be
rheld at Ottawa: ih. June .which .will
be. attended f by,. representatives  of
'.the".Governments of-Canada, Bermuda, Leeward and -Windward Islands,
Barbadoes. Trinidad/British Guiana,
Jamaica.and British Honduras. ,
The gold mines of northern Ohr
tario are said- to have yielded a
higher income during the ��4rst quarter of 1925'-than in.any.sinnlar.pe-
friod in their history. Estimates
place the income of mining ��� companies in the Porcupine f district at
nearly six million dollars and in the
Kirklahd District .at one aid a quarter '" millions..
.-.-........$.72" oo>-7.
-/Fort William....".".;
....-....$ S6.30
Toronto ;.;.....-.	
(v....,..; 113.75
.".Niagara Falls  .....
.:..:...' 126.62
......... H3-75
.;'....-... 127.95
......... 113.75
".'.;...-.: 132.75
.���.....-. 141.80   ...
'���"   Moncton ....",'....._"..
."-... ;" 147-90
Sb John  .'.;	
......... -147.90     --
.. Halifax-.......-..-..;,;;
.,;.,-...  ISSN'S
St. Paul.:...;..;.;...
...-..;.,.-. 72.00-
 ;..  "86.00
Minneapolis .......
.........   72.00 ���
V New .York....-;...."..-..
..". .147-40
Duluth- .:.....-...'...
..........   72.00;
.  Boston--;..:...,.... ....
....;... -153.50
;W7__���y. ASY_ FOR RATES FROM AND T^^NY-PpijST ^^^^ 7-7
'-; Route via PortArthur or via -Soo Line, through Winnipeg or Portal'to'
Sf..''Pa_il,.Uierice via.Chicago "oi- Sault"Ste. Marie, via.Great-Lakes; or via '
California .at.additional, fare; - or .good . to go via one. of the; above, routes, -
return another..; ,'      ''""        "   '.   .  ' "    "'..'. -*'      "        ".���'..'.   "-���'"    -X ;
J. S. CARTER, District Passenger.Agent, Nelson
W.See Local Aeent or Write for Details
Vacant, unreserved, surveyed
Crown lands may bo pre-empted"by
Bi-Ul8h subjects over 18 years of age.
and by. aliens , on doolarlng Intention
to become British subjects", condi-
tfonal���upon " residence, occupation,
:uid improvement for agricultural
' phrposes. .    ���    .    .   .      ~
Pull information concerning regu-
ations regarding pre-emptions U
given in Bulletin No. 1," Land Series,
"How to Pre-empt Land," copies of~
(vhlch can be obtained free of charge
by addressing; the Department of
hands, Victoria, B.C, or to any Government Agent
Records will be granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes, and which ls not timber-
land, i.e., carrying over 5,000 board
feet per acre west of the Coast Eango
and 8,000 feet per acre, east of that
Applications for pre-emptions-are
so bo addressed to the Land Com- .
inlssloner'of tho Land'Recording Division, in which the land applied for
is situated, and are mado bn printed
eorms, copies of which can bo obtained from the Land Commissioner.
Pre-emptions must bo occupied 'for
-five years- and Improvements mads
to; value of $10 per' acre, including
clearing and cultivating- at least five
acres, before a Cro%n Grant cur. be
For moro detailod. information see
the Bulletin "How to Pre-empt
Applications, are received for purchase of vacant and unreserved
Crown lands, not being ilinberland,
for agricultural purposes; minimum
price of' first-olass (arable) land Is $5
per acre, and second-class tgiuzing)
land'"$2.50  per acre.    Further  infor-
��� mation regarding purchase or lease
of  Crown  lauds  is given ln Bulletin
. No., 10, .Land Series, "Purchase and
Leaso of Crown Lands."
Mill, factory, or industrial sites on
-timber land, not" exceeding 40 acres,
may bo purchased or leased? the con-
��� dltlons    - including    \ payment     - of
- etumpasa.' ."'"'-/- ' ������
������-. -Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding 20
acreg,- may be.-.leased as homesitea,-
coadltlonal upon -a . dwelling being
erected in the first -year,. title being _
'.obtainable _ after-' residence and improvement   conditions,   ara -'.'fulfilled
���" and. land has. been, surveyed.'.,;     -.., ".
WV" '������   "v-^AJ^swVff..X'"-'
"" For... ffrazing  and   industrial--, pur-"
-' poae* areas not exceeding ~640 ;acre_i"
' may be leased" by oh#. person "or  a -
,v;>rrtp._.hy.        7.  y. ,-,-.-   ,   ;' -',"  ,"--'"
"V 's. V -.. '.^razinq W-Vw-'-V':"
.'. Under' the Chialng Act the Prov-
--lnca-isidividod-into- graaing-dl'stricta '.
and-'the' range administered under .a
Grazing    ',- Commissioner-". "    Annual'
- grazing' permits - are"' Issued-based on
.numbers ranged, priority being.given,
to, established ownsraf Stock-owners '
���may form ..aasdolations . for _ rango.
mahagemwit  'Free. or.partially-free,':
' pottalti.'fc?��  ftVftllabl*'   tor.  "aettlers.
camper*, (aid  trft*��ai*ni,   up7to   ten
bead. -
Advertise in The Lecjge
All Free Miner's   CertiiBcates
expire cm. the 31st of May.  7
Pfiyslcian and Surjreop
; ; Bes}deBc^.Ptione;69   -
- fereeawood.--. .--7 7:
':���'���": bENTSST""'.' -V =������������."
Office: (McCutcheon Residence
.- :.7- x   Greenwood
The Consolidated -Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
7,.--f'V': ---' .-��ffice> Smelting fand.Refimag Dejpomncnt   ....
'7: V ^'���-' - "[-'^'i :xx fTSfAUii ;brctish;.c6lpmbia7'- iypyXyXxxXx
Purchkers of Gold,^SI!yer? poppetv Lead and Zinc Ores
���.;V"--'Prodicers .-bf:7&pld, v Silver,';':Copper7':,.Pig.-f'Lea��i "and.'-Zinc ���"' ���-��� ."ff
:     The7 Mineral Proyince of Western tariada
���:y'x]'x.. TO END OF DECEMBER, 1923
:    ..-Has   prpdiioed 7 WtinM-alB as   follows:  -Placer    Gold,    876,962,203-v Lode"-;,'VV
.Goldr$li3,302,655V8ilverj $6f^^        Lead $58,132,661; Copper, 8179,046,508;' "7 7
7   Zinc, ,$27,904,756; fMiscelianebug : M and Cokej'8250,- -���: ��� ���     . ���
,-���::'"  968,113; BBilding.Stbn��Jv Brick, Cement, &icX83^415,234, .making its!M .-
7    Prodaefcion to the and. di 1923 show an. 'X 7   77.   . '������).'-"-') 7 7. f 7. XX, -[,';-'-'
iductioflffprtlie^ear Enditig Dumber, ;1923,$41;30i;320
The  Mining, Laws of this. Provjnee are more liberal, and the, fees lower, 7 7    7'
4     sh��ih those of any other Province in theTDominipn, or any Colony in the British
Empire. - Xi     V
Mineral locations ar&granted to discpverers.for.nominal-'fees:7.-JXxyiyXXyXyXy 7:.
^":VW.-74_bBpirute;- Titles are: pbteinedX' by- developing 7such properties, the security
'}}[ i.y) FaiiinforicaSion, together with Mining Reports and Maps, may be obtained
7V gratis by;addressing���   X-~x-~xy -
^&^&^^��^^^)^ THE.'.K0N.>'"TBE MINISTER' OF MINES-
���&i^��^Z^^^y^  vv  VICTORIA, British Colsibla,'" ���"'


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