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The Ledge Apr 23, 1925

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The Oldest Mining Camp Newspaper In British Columbia
Vol.    XXXI
GREENWOODVB. C, THURSDAY. APRIL 23, 1925.
No. 39
Friday Evening, April 24th
AT THE
Old School House
M.DWA
8 O'Clock
MEETING
Will be Addressed by
HON. J. D. MacLEAN
Minister of finance
and  others
Everybody Come.
Ladies especially invited.
__nWS^W^_^W_M��K'aJlAin_MB^M
Don't   Forget   The   Date
GOD  SAVE  THE  KING
Mens
Furnishings
Hats and Caps
Boots and Shoes
W, Elson & Co-
Cabinet Ministers Speak
at Big Liberal Rally
Van Camps'
Pork and Beans
Real Estate and Insurance
Fire, Accident & Sickness, Life,
Automobile. Bonds. Burglary, &c
Auctioneer
Houses for Rent or Sale
Call at the Office of
CHARLES    KING
Greenwood. B.C.   ������
Small size Tins - 2 for 25c
Medium size Tins - 3 for 50c
rtj Large size Tins - each 30c
)j*   For Quality and Value Order From
Phone 46 .Sfc
GREENWOOD GROCERY
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Fresh Salmon and Halibut
Every Thursday Afternoon
Smoked Fish of all kinds, in stock
*mxmmmmmmmsm
Next Sunday is
Easter
Call and see our new line of
Hats and  Millinery
for that occasion
Mrs. Ellen, Trounson
Just Arrived and Bargains
in      7 V
Men's   Heavy Work Shoes
$3.50 and up
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Greenwood Theatre
SATURDAY, APRIL 25th
; Commencing atj8.15   p.m. 7
Tom Mix;
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Por your "SPRING SUIT" try
A. Biggin,   Midway, BX.
Ladies and Gents .. High Class 'Tailorw' yx
A smart suit from Best English Cloth from $30.00 up
We also sell. Tailors threads, linings, canvas and cloth
"Soft Boiled
Did you ever before see bathing girls in a
Toin Mix-picture? -They are in tliisone!
Lots of-oilier sceues, too, -that yoii don't
usually associate with Mix:���a.ul;they are
loo.per cent right iii this special attraction
ADULTS 50c
CHILDREN 25c
PjRESBYTERIAN   CHURCH
Minister iii charge
:���    Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw. B. A.
-..'.  V   ���    f;   W Greenwood
- 7 W Sunday, April 26th.
7    7' Beaverdel! 10.30 a. m.
'- Greenwood 7.3.0 .cm..
W. Elson Dead
Word was received.by wire today of the death of Wellington
Elson, who succumbed after au
operation in Spokane. He died
at 9.20 this morning. The body
is being shipped to Greenwood
and is expected here Friday night.
Mr. Elson . rati a; tailoring .and
gents .furnishing- store,- here for
many; /years:..'.; His -:;., wife". - predeceased- - about.1 .---two' -years '{ago;
Fuller details nest week.;-;- . -7-
Greenwood   accorded  a  rousing
welcome to  Dougald  McPherson,
Liberal candidate,   in  tho present
Grand  Forks-Greenwood by-election fight on Monday   night   at  a
public meeting held in  the Greenwood Theatre, which was crowded.
Tbe exposition   of the candidate's
platform together with the speeches
of Hon.  Wm.   Sloan,   Minister  of
Mines   and   Provincial Secretary,
and Hon. Dr.   MacLean,   Minister
of   Finance,   aroused   enthusiasm
and gave a boost to the McPherson
stock in this   section   which,   his
friends predict,   will" be   apparent
on Saturday next.   Mr. McPherson
in outlining   his   platform,   stated
he was in the fight to serve  to the
best of his ability every  section of
the riding and he   promised that if
elected he .would put those interests
before party   advantage.    It was
his belief that tne electors'of the
riding   in general  and  of Greenwood in particular would be serving their own best interests by returning a  man sympathetic to the
present     Liberal    administration
which is certain to last out its full
term.      An   opposition    member,
however,   estimate   he   might   be
forced to sit in the cool shades  of
opposition    unable   to   exert  any
influence in behalf of his  constituents.    That great basic industry of
mining is showing wonderful progress in all sections of the province
and,  in  the   Greenwood   district,
once such an  import mining area
this improvement is  making itself
apparent,   was the   declaration  of
Hon. Wm.   Sloan  whose first appearance it was in this centre.   He
declared the actual state of affairs
in B.C.'j   refuted  in  no uncertain
manner the blue ruin  talk  of  tbe
opposition ^speakers   whose   utter
lack   of constructive criticism. of
government policies  was the outstanding proof of their inability to
put forth a reasonable case against
the Oliver   administration.     The
Minister of Mines   quoted - figures
in.support "of   his  contention  that
under the Liberal' regime progress
in every department ha3 been made.
In none had   such   progress  been
more apparent than in the  mining
industry the total value of the pro-
pucts of which in 1916  was  under
thirty millions whereas in 1924 it
was but a shade under fifty millions
and. tbe present year would see that
figure easily passed.    Fisheries "of
the province aggregated over, twenty-million-last year- compared with
eight millions in 1916 and . B.C.   is
now the: banner province .in  that
regard-   Other figures quoted  by
the .Minister   showed   that in  all
lines of. industry the corner  has
been turned and the effect of war
years-and subsequent reconstruction period "have'beeu overcome.
���-" "We"want optimism in.this province,'1  declared Hon. Mr. Sloan.
"Here in. Greenwood mining is improving.: ' I have visited  the Sally
and Bell-mines and I predict that
you will shortly have many  more
promising properties producing   in
this district.".
' Hon. Mr;. Sloan touched on the
Department, of the Provincial Secretary Bhowing the large amounts
of money which are being spent on
the care of the sick ,-arid mentally
afflicted.on;siich institutions as the
mental hospital at Fssondale, the
Tranquille sanitarium, the various
hospitals, the Old Men's Home aiul
other institutions which have .culled
for the outlay of millions. These
were the outlays which were.'necessary and, when the Conservatives
claimed extravagance it. should bo
born in miiul^thatfin no province
are the-- unfortiiuatef'sick-fand aflic-
ted batter .taken, .care .of.' "These
outlays ��� were absolutely ��� justified..'
He.predicted.that. Mr...- McPherson
would prove an ideal, "member, "and
prophesies, he would go far in the
public''lif&'of the province.
Financial affaiis were touched
-upon by Hon. Dr. MacLean who
expressed his pleasure at beiug,
again ih the ridiug whicli he.had
represented for so many years. Referring to some Conservative criticisms and especially" that which said
���,aa fair test of Dr. MacLean Vability at estimating is contained in
the reference to his own department
the. Provincial Secretary'?, where
the year 1923 2i showed an over-
expenditure of ,-. S647,4S9 . etc."
Hon. Dr. MacLean stated the fact
was that the Public Accounts of
1923, the year referred to, -.on -page
33 showed the.total money appropriations fo'r-V the V Department
and ' showed -clearly���"-��� that the
, (Continued on Page .Four/'.. -,,, 7 ���
Pioneer Visits the City
On Monday John T. Bell visited
Greenwood for thc first time in 25
years. He was one of the first residents of our locality and pre-empted and crown granted a portion of
which is iu E. F. Keir's ranch.
He and Alexander Wallace were
the first prospectors and locators of
mineral claims on Wallace Mountain, which mountain received its
name from Wallace.
On May 13fcb, 1S97 Wallace located the Bell Mineral claim, now
owned by Mcintosh & Orane, and
as the West Fork Mining District
was in the Osoyoos Mining Division
the claim was recorded in the Mining Recorder's office at Osoyoos on
May 2Sth, 1S97. Wallace named
tbe claim after his partner Bell.
About the same time Wallace
and Bell located the Highland Lass,
Beaver, Highlander Fraction,
Highland Chief, Rob Roy and
other claims on the mountain.
For some years past Mr. Bell bas
resided at Cumberland on Vancouver Island by is now living at
Duncan .
Mrs. Ralph Smailes, another
old timer of Greenwood is his sister.
Conservative Leaders
Have Rousing Meeting
Miss Victoria Shillcock
Honored with Shower
Over 100 friends of Miss Victoria
Shillcock assembled at the Riverside Hall last Friday night and
gave her. a real good surprise.
There were people present from all
over the district and so quiet was
the affair arranged that Mies Shillcock did not know anything about
it and had to be sent for, When
she arrived, with her mother,
everybody gave three rousing
cheers,
The party was in the nature of
a.7 ,'shower" and Miss Shillcock
was the recipient of many
useful articles to start., house-keeping when she gets married in a few
days time. The "popularity of this
favorite young.lady was demonstrated by th��: great number presents:;���-.
; 'The evening was.-spent pleasantly in dancing, the music being; voluntary supplied.by local musicians.'
At midnight a dainty supper.was
served after, which all joined hands
and sang "For She's a Jolly Good
Fellow." The party did not break
up until nearly 8 a.m.
Liberal Meeting at Midway
An enthusiastic meeting was held
at Midway on Monday, April 20th
in support of the Liberal candidate,-
D. McPherson. The first speaker
was Mr. McPherson himself who
outlined his platform in a very
concise and convincing manner.
_Hon. Dr. Sutherland- followed
with a .very able address oh the
business situation of the Province.
The Attorney General, Hon. A.
M, Manson, was then called upon.
He responded with one of the most
convincing speeches-heard in this
district for a long time; He covered -most of the important questions
affecting the Province today. .His
explanations ai: the various problems wero so convincing tbat the
audience did not have one question
to ask.
J. R. Ferguson acted as chairman of the meetiuc
Midway News.
VThe;MidwayFarm; Local wish
to. thank.the. .following.', subscribers towards., the- new ball;���-R.
.A.-' Brown, -$50;7 C.VG-. McMynn,
��2S|.'L-.'.^ Salter-,--$25;':--J:-; R,'Ferguson, 85.. ""���'}���.[��� xyy ' ��� ;;���������' 'V
7 The Women's Lo.ca.l; take '.'-this:
-medium, .o.f- thanking".������ theVRock
-Creek Local and. member's '.of
Bush's-orchestra,for-;their kindness.in-making the', dance; which
jwas7 held for ..Midway. Farmers
Hall; a great success.     ....   -;.
Owing;-to a new floor, which, is
expected'to^ be put in theiiew hall
shortly, the cardparty arranged,
for May 1st has beeu postponed.  '
The Farmers are planning to
have every thing ia shape for the
opening dance da Monday Mav
25th.
Candidates Nominated
Nominations for the Grand
Forks-Greenwood riding by-election was held in Greenwood on
Monday.. As was expected D.
McPherson is the Liberal standard bearer aad Dr. G. M. King-
stoa for the Conservatives.
A tribute, not intended perhaps,
but one none the less, to the fairness of the Oliver administration
was paid by Dr. Kingston, Conservative candidate in the present
by-election contest, and by Mr. J.
W. Jones, Conservative member
for South Okanagan, when they
spoke at the Opposition meeting
in the Greenwood Theatre last
night. Both gentlemen declared
with emphasis that the record
showed that the constituencies represented by opposition or independent members received as fair a deal
in the matter of road and other
appropriations as those Bending
government supporters to Victoria.
True both speakers claimed that
by reason of that fact there was no
reason why Grand Forks - Greenwood riding should not send an
opposition member to the Legislature, but the fact remains that
this unsolicited testimony to the
fairness of the government was
voiced from a quarter whence it
could be least expected.
The meeting was well attended
and the speakers were given an
attentive hearing. Mr. Wm. B.
Fleming officiated acceptably as
chairman. All speakers were
liberal in their predictions of victory for Dr. Kingston on Saturday
the 25th inst.
Dr.   Kingston pain  a tribute to
the late Mr. John  McKie,   elected
member at the last general election.    He admitted, he (Dr. Kingston)   had   a   whole lot to learn
about policies  but he promised to
do his best if elected for  the riding.    He gave credit to the Conservatives  for forcing, an   amend��
ment to the Elections  Act where-
under a vacant seat  must be filled
within 6 months opining that without   that   change   Grand   Forks-
Greenwood  would- have  been left
vacant for a long time as  with its
present strength in the  House the
government wanted no by-elections.
���"������[; J.   W, f Jones   touched on  the
governmerit'sf Alleged " pfe-eleclion'"
methods of securing votes, declared
millions have  been  thrown away
on unbusinesslike settlement propositions and held that these losing
ventures were responsible, together
with gross extravagance and waste
of public funds, for  the mounting
debt.     He claimed    the   government's strength in the Legislature
has been  steadily  declining while
the opposition  strength has  been   .
increasing indicating the change in
public opinion.    He asserted  that
no aid has been given  towards the
mining industry in this riding nor
to agriculture and that heavy taxation is throttling ;,industry.    Only
would.relieLcome with-the advent-
of a Conservative "government.
R. H. Pooley," House leader of
the Conservative party, .was going
to do his .beat to  pitch-fork  the
Oliver, government into  oblivion.
He took credit for- forcing the government to hold  the- present by-
election.    He explained the fact of
the   opposition   voting   with"   the
government  loan   bill  at  the last
session by saying tbat the over expenditures by the  various  departments had been so large that the
money having been spent anyway
there   was   nothing   else   for jshe-
House to do but to vote .�� loan' to
make up the wastage.    He referred
to. the various court actions arising
Dut o'f'disqualification  proceedings ;,
instituted .by the Conservatives in
Kamloops and Dewdney.    He criticized Hon,\-Wm. Sloan for having
failed to do anything for the mining
industry.and  held .that . until the
government f responsible    for   the
���Dbily.  Vardeh.,  legislation     was
ousted capital would  hot be.forthcoming   for development of prospects. ,v7-'������-.'-��� WW X [,.-'
''Mr ' -'-'Pat''.: Maitjjand,' president
of.'B.C.-. Gbnservativef Association,
rbuhdly assailed the governmen t
for -.extravagancy, for. its alleged
violation of alt pledges made in
1916. and he eharged.._that by means
of the'absentee vote, the govenn-
naenthad stolen the last general
election. He claimed party friends *
bad been allowed to profit through
dealings with the government. He
asserted that the only thing that
would save the province ~ from
bankruptcy was the return of tbe
Conservatives'. .Jfow business was
stagnant and the yoong men were
being forced to leave the country -
to earn a living. But with a Conservative government in power
prosperity would return and a new
era of economy coupled with efiici- '
ehey would result. PAGE TWO
THE) LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH COLUMBIA, THURSDAY,
APRIL 23, 1925
THE
LEDGE
Is $2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
G. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices...;... $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices    7.00
Estray Notices .-3-oo
Cards of Thanks    r.oo
Certificate of Improvement  12,50
(Where more than one claim appears ir>. notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals 12^4c. a line each insertion.
The Issue is Before Electors
On Saturday the electors of the
Grand Forks - Greenwood constituency will be called upon to
decide what, in their opinion, is
the best thing in their own interests. The candidates' appeals and
the hurrah of a campaign will
soon be over and sober thinking
must be done. The issues in this
contest are clear cut and unmistakable.
What is the best in the best interests of the riding in particular
and the Province at large.     The
appeal is a straight one as between the   two old-line parties.
Anyone cognizant of the Conservative administration under Mc-
Bride and Bowser aud the carnival
of squandermania that characterized that discredited regime, and
possessing    knowledge    of   the
Liberal  record  of rehabilitation
of credit, sound finance and pro'-'
gressive  policies must,  if he or
she.be true to the best interestof
B.C. vote the.Liberal ticket. The
Oliver government,' coming' into
office-during' the., stress.-"of. the
war, with an empty treasury, and
pressing 'obligations  bequeathed
them by.-their Conservative..pre-
. decessors V ���'������cannot'''.'-'-' but    -be
convinced .that; to"- restore" .that
; incapable .Conservative   regime
-/would be-.aa/actVof'utter folly. -.
V - After - all- -the f'selfish   instinct
..plays its ..-part. - The electors.-"of
���' thisriding-.must look ..after. their
. own interests. -: They'must figure
-'-out what wiir be;.best.for thetn-
' selves, what party can best serve
' 'their qwnfiutcrests..   It is.strictly
up "to the-electors who, -after the
~ poll is; taken,   cannot blame, any
/but.themselves .'if  the. cfarididate
-..-pf- a tried and provedfadminis-
-  tration, .with a. record, offaccom-
���- plishraent and progress is.rejected.
.    Running true to form the Con-
'- servative efforts in this campaign
...:;h a've.been .'distinguished-, by.gross
- mis-representation, deliberate fal-
���."���sity and petty criticism which
ff shows the straits' to "which they
have been put to build up even
the weak case they are presenting.
It is the Conservative effort to
, .make it appear  that should  Dr.
Kingston,   the party   henchman
and  candidate,    be   returned   to
-power   the   days' of  the Oliver
���.-government are numbered.    The
.fact   is. the-  return   of   a   Con-
f servative will have no effect on the
., government which is in the saddle
" forth'e.'fuirterm.'.But the question;
..whether, it 7 is "better; .that Mr.'
.   McPherson, thef.Liberai;,stanfii><l
7 bearer,'a maa'ia .sympathy  with
-the.government-/and;whdj "natur-
- ally will receive favorable; atten-;
tion at the hands.of his - political
friends, should, be returned or This
opponent sent downVto Victoria
to fill an opposition, seat/ These
are pertinent-points to- which the
.   electors must give due considera--
���, 'tion.'-''.   7 7 V -...'/V- '��������� ���"" ,; " 77
Business is improving.thrbugh-f
,  put    the    Province.     Here    iii
7 .Greenwood and district mining is
"   improving and the  future holds
}, out materially brighter promise.
, It is apparent that the present is
'  .no time to swap  horses.    A vote
-fairMcPherson is certainly a vote
for   good ';government  and pro-
. .gress,       '"' :X XyXX'X'iXx "V ��� ������
they one and all together with
their other Conservative friends
in the House held up their hands
in support of the $3,500,000 loan
bill introduced by the government. Consistency is not a strong
attribute of Conservative action
and argument. But then they
are strong believers in what they
themselves call "pre-election
bunk."	
Anyone who heard the splendid
exposition given by Hon. Dr.
MacLean, minister of finance, at
Monday night's Liberal meeting
here, of the financial position of
the Province and the financial
policies of the administration
must have been struck by the
wonderful change for the better
which the Oliver regime has been
able to effect in its eight years in
office. Today B.C. bonds are
bringing the highest price of any
province in the money markets of
the world. An enormously increased service is being given to
the people in the face of reduced
taxation and careful supervision
against unprofitable outlays.
Current outlays have been
brought within current receipts
and the whole financial structure
placed upon a sound and businesslike basis. Contrast the present
situation with that under the
Bowser regime when B. C. was
forced to pay a commission to sell
its bonds, when deficit after deficit was the familiar condition
and a growing debt was piling
up without any regard being had
to the future.
It is a record or which any
government might well be proud.
It is a record that is entitled to
the full approbation of the electors of this riding. They have
an opportunity on Saturday the
25th inst to show their "appreciation.
AROUND HOME
Former Resident of
Greenwood Dead
The soldier settlement at Camp
Lister is in mourning this week on
account of the death of Mrs. John
Finlay, which occurred at an early
hour on Monday morning, April
20tb, following an illnesB that bad
confined her to bed for about five
weeks. Deceased, who was in her
74th year, was of Irish birth, was
married at Cleeton Moor, Cumberland, England, in 1S70, the couple
leaving a few years later for America and for a time resident in Michigan and then iu Minnesota, from
which state Mr. Finlay departed in
1S97 for the Slocan country, locating at what is now Silverton,
where Mrs. Finlay joined him in
1902, and where they made their
home until 1905, when they removed to Greenwood, and resided
here continuously -until the Fall
of 1920, when they went on to
Camp Lister to be with their sou,
John, who had taken up land in
the Soldier settlement, along with
their son-in-law, AV. J. Jory.
The funeral took place to the
Creston cemetery on Wednesday
aud was very largely attended by
residents of the Camp Lister section. Rev. Ot. Knox, of the United
church conducted the last sad rites
and the pallbearers were all residents of Lister, many iloral tributes
bespeaking the high esteem in
which she was held. In addition
to her husband she leaves to mourn
her passing two daughterp, Mrs.
Belljacka, of St Paul, Minn., and
Mrs. Jory of Camp Lister.
The late Mrs. Finlay was Camp
Lister's oldest lady resident and
was^very highly etteemed by an
extensive acquaintance amongst
the returned men and their families
in the Lister area, and to the bereaved husband and family a very
deep sympathy is extended in their
great sorrow.
r
New Kitchenware
McClary's   Bonnie   Blue
For the housewife who delights in beautiful kitchenware
15 pieces.    Buy it by the set or by the piece
Also a large assortment of
McClary's Enamel, Galvanized and Tinware
Make your selections while the stock is complete
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
DR.
A. J. DORMAN
DENTIST
Office:
McCutcheon Residence
Greenwood
���i I
For Anything in the
Drug  or   Stationery   Line
Call or mail your orders to     <>
OODEVE'S   DRUG STORE
Kodaks,   Films,   Albums.    Victrolas,   Records,   Etc.
DR.   A.   FRANCIS
Physician and Surgeon
Residence Phone 69
Greenwood
It would be amusing were;it.
not a serious matter for the people
of this province to. consider, to
find the Conservatives loudly and
always failing against the alleged
reckless borrowings -of .the government. -How... Messrs. ..Pooley,
Twigg,- Jones,. -MacKenzie,.. and
other opposition f speakers':��� was
wrath as they point .to the government's loaasf 7 And yet those,
gentlemen have not jet explained
to an interested electorate in.ihis
nding just what it Xw&s that a.t
the last session ol.the Legislature
Election returns will be shown
on the screen in the Greenwood
Theatre on Saturday night.
The Providence mine is being
pumped out and getting ready
for the resumption of work.
Ernest Andreas and Robt. Lee
motored to Spokane last Saturday afternoon returning on Monday.
The' hospital is in need of
bathrobes (mens or ladies) and
also bed room slippers, not necessarily new,
Fourteen cars from here loaded
"with people went to Graad-Forks
on Tuesday night to attend the
big Liberal rally.
Mrs. J. Christian and family
left on Tuesday morning for their
home in Christian Valley. Mrs.
Christian expects to return in the
Fall.
Miss Dingley, who has been
visiting her sister, Mrs. C. Case,
for some few- months, left on
Tuesday afternoon for Cranbrook
where she will reside.
High Mass  was celebrated   in
Catholic Church Easter  Sundaj-.
The   Grand  Forks   Choir   came
over.and their singing was much'
appreciated by the congregstioti.
Dr. W. H. Wood returned .46
town on Sunday after a trip of.
over five months .to Winnipeg,;
Chicago and : other", points:. Dr."
Wood is opening up. a practice
here again.7 " -.-.-   -y:      .������"'���y-i-'y
The .drawing 7for the, Moosef
Head donated to: the hospital, by
A. ...Sater, .took place ."at ; the
theatre last Saturdav./ Wm.7Pat-.
tersbn, fwi.th ticket .No. ,214 7. won
the head. . There were 204 tickets
'sold.. :'".-'." /'���";..-. 7 }:) -xX-'x- ���.-'"'/V. .-
While many' citizens were.at
the Liberal Social in Grand Forks
and' others at; a party in Rock
Creek last Friday night, April 17,
fire broke out in the building
occupied by the Greenwood Trans-
ferXo./owned by Frank Peterson; While going home about
9.20-p.m. Robt Lee and J. Price
noticed the blaze in the building.
They smashed open the door and.
at great risk Robt. Lee rushed in
released the brakes of the big
truck aad shoved it out to safety.
Two streams of water soon had
the fire under control but not ber
fore considerable damage had
been done to tbe building. A
four cylinder Studebaker touring
car ^^dS|^Sam?|fetthev?s;.was,
partipl^ilesfr^^
exed'^:iBs��rS^
was ^whedf'hy;the City'and^eated
to Fr^nkf:7;t^tersphvfV^he:f'catise;
bf the fir^IsTthpiightiqfbefa -short
cita^xxyxxyxxxiXXyyyxxx
John Bender Passes Away       BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY
After an illness contracted from
the fla, John Bender passed away
in Spokane last Thursday,-:-'-April
16th, age 33 years���jusb in the
prime; of ...manhood.;. He at one
time, lived, -with 7 his. brother in
Boundary Falls and left in Angnst
last, year forfSpokane.   7   ,'.,- ,"��� .   7.
He waB.born in Springs, ..Penn.,
ahd leaves, five brother?, .Sam ahd
Irwin, 'well.known in. this district,
the other.three .brothers living in
the EasternStafees.,- "He.alsojeaves
four, sisters.: .While living-, liere
John.was very.well liked, a quiet
and retiring "disposition: and. a true
friend. ; VW ;- "7 ')���"������'-.-"������ ������
-. The" body, wasshipped'to Midway
where the funeral .was held fon
Monday !fiafternoon,. Rev.7 W.. R.
Walkinshaw... officiating. - Burial
took place ia;' the-Midway.'; cenae-
4ery.v ��� ;[-'������ '':���-���'-__'-- "'    '���". - -WW' ;-
The patll-bearers were:���Lewis
Keir,; Sylvester'/McDonald, Garibaldi Bombini, JoeTKrputip, Gordon McMynn^aind Robt. Brown.   ;
Long = Distance Is
Cheapest At Night
New night rates are now in force
for Iong=distance conversations be=
tween 8:30 p.m. and 7 a.m.
RANCH FOR SALE
291 acres of pasture land, some of
which is very good early spring pasture.
About 40 acres tillable aud also contains
a lot of good timber. It is situated O/z
miles from Kettle Valley station, 3^
miles from Rock "Creek, and corners on
Great Northern Railroad at Bergen. Will
sell very cheap. Small amount down
and balance on terms to suit purchaser.
For further particulars apply to
Anna Tanner, Kettle Valley, B.C.
SYNOPSIS OF
L
S
.HELEN MINE, GREENWOOD.
,W V      FOR SALEV   WW"''
; Will trade in part payment for the
Helen .mine,-a good car or-truck,'la.te
model.! 'Apply to. WV -..'- -'���
'-/���'��� -.'    Oi,a Lokstad, Greemvrood.
the"Consolidated Mining t Smelting Co.
X}:y   of Canada,. Limited
,-',-y -",'������' "Office, Smelting and Refining Department' 7-   -
,-���_.'"-���-  77 X:    Xyy: VTRAIL. BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper .Lead and Zinc Ores
Producers   of ..Gold,    Silvers-Copper,".   Pijf ' Lead   and  Zinc -.
��� -'-'��� )'Xx- "  ���-'-'" ����f adanac" Tbrand. V W.W-.W'- V'.W
Provincial Elections Act
(Sections 162 and 163)
GRAND FORKS-GREENWOOD
E LECTOR AL DISTRICT
Provincial  Elections
���"���Form ia (Section.41") ���-'.-*''
Act
71 The following Candidates have- appointed-their Election-Agents as follows:
^���-Candidate,'. CharlesfMorgan...Kingston;.
Ageut', .Arthur V. Crowe, Barrister,Grand
Forks,JB.C.V ' : '" f ; ' : '-.. X} ' ' [
Candidate, Dougai McPherson;. Agent,
George C. Egg, ��� Realty Agent,. Grand
Forks.-'B.C; . -7    ,    ���  X.'X'X
,'i' Given under tny hand this 20th day.
of April, .1925, at .Greenwood; B.C.   ���;    X
. -GEORGE HERBERT GRAY, .
V    ' ���-.���'-, ''��� ..'' X : ��� V  Returning Officer;
The Ledge for Job Prihting
<��
Provincial Elections Act"
GRAND FORKS-GREENWOOD
7     ELECTORAL DISTRICT    V
f X NOTICE' IS HEREBY.GIVEN tliat"I sliall,
oil Monday, the IStli day of May, -1925, at the
.hour of lO'o'cldck in'the forenooii,.atthe.Coi4rt-'
House, ' -Greenwood, hold' a - Sitting-, of
tiie. Court o'Cj Revision for the. purpose of. re-'
Tlsliig- the-t,ist oi Voters for the said.Electoral
District,'and" of hearing* and determining any
and ail objections to the retention . of * any
name on. the said List, or to the registration
a3-a voter of-any applicant for-registration;
and for the other purposes set fortii, iii. the
"Provincial Elections Act." .'-'.'_*   -..
- Bated at Greenwood," B.C. this 6th day of
A'pril, 192S.'- :        -     f       .  " ,.'
.    -        ',        :. P. H. MCCURRACH,    ���   ��� -" .���
","- Registrar of""Voters for the
- -:'������- _ _      Grand Forks-Greenwood   "
, ." '   . .   Electoral District,
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vacant, unreserved, surveyed
Crown lands may bo pre-empted by
British subjects over 18 years of age,
and by aliens on declaring: Intention
to become British subjects, conditional uponc residence, occupation,
and Improvement tor agricultural
purposes.
Full information concerning regulations regarding pre-emptions ls
given ln Bulletin No. 1, Land Series,
"How to Pre-empt Land," copies of
which can be obtained free of charge
by addressing the Department of
Lands, Victoria, B.C., or to any Government Agent.
Records will be granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes, and which ls not timber-
land, i.e., carrying over 6,000 board
feet per acre west of the Coast Rango
and 8,000 feet per acre east of that
Range. ���
Applications  for  pre-emptions   ara
to   be   addressed  to  the  Land  Commissioner of the Land Recording Division, In which tho land applied for
is situated, and are made on primed
forms,   copies  of which  can, be  ob- .
tained from the Land Commissioner..
'   Pre-emptions must bs occupied-for
five years and  lmprovemenl.s  made
to  value  of $10  per acre,   including  -
clearing and cultivating at least five
acres, before a Crown  Grant  can-be
received.
For more detailed information see
the    Bulletin    ','How     to ��� Pre-empt.
Land." -       - "'-'
PURCHASE -.'--.
Applications are received for purchase    of    vacant  ,and    unreserved..
Crown lands,  not. being" timber.and,
for agricultural, purposes;. minimum
. price of first-olass (arable) land ls $6 '
per acre, and second-class "(grazing) '���
land' |2.50  per" acre.    Further  Infor-
,m&tlon  regarding purchase -or lease
.of Crown lands Is.given in" BiiHcitlu .
No.- 10, Land. Series,- "Purchase', and
' Lpase. of." Crown'Lands.''    - ���".-."     -, ...
��� Mill, factory, or industrial sites,on
'^timber. Iand,;.7n6t exceeding- 40 acres,
may- bs purchased "or. leased,'the icon--
ditions '' Including " -" payment " > ".of
Bt.umpage." "f "  . .,
HOMESITE   LEASES-    ...
' Unsury'eyed. areas, ;not exceeding 20,:
stores,"'may. bo leased as < homesltes, '
conditional upon ���>- dwelling being
. erected. In" the first year,' title being',
obtainable -after residence and. im-'
provement' conditions'- "are " fulfilled".
and-Uund ha* been surveyed..
��� WW;,. ; ' ," LEASES. ., .7.'. '-,.,-;'"
""'-'For ;graaing"' and~ tndustrial/'r/imr-"
poses areay.1 not exceeding 840 acres
. may  be ������ leased , by  one. person ' br   a
company.   ���       ,-,      ,-'...':-'���
'X "";     GRAZING _-.''--.'
���: Under.tho Qrasing :Aot,the Province la divided Into grazing districts
and the'range'administered under a-'
Graslng ���,.Commissioner."      "Annual,
grazing:permltu -are Issued-based -on-
uumbera.ranged, 'priority" being given_
tb -established owners.  Stock-owners.-'
- may  form   associations ���'for7 range",
manageaient.   Free," or partially free,
���ptn-n.its  are  available   for. " settlers, .
' ""ampors and tra.r-.Hi_.rs. up to"' 'too.
tipad. " '   - > ���-..       ������ , - j.
7 Fpf Vkinfl^B;i.fVaii3W.f
brOBBfer^olipiiff-t
lhaajtsfforf2dr^lf:MfetifeSBsV$f7V>
%X- -xxffXiyyxxy^zEXxBmjy^m.
��� Proclamation of Returning; Officer
-;.:.:       Province of -British -Columbia    " '.....
In fthe Orand  Forks-Greenwood
7'f7 W. Electorat" Dlstrict7f.77:".7 f
TO WIT7.'      -.. ._;.' ���'���-'���'. 7   ";,..   '-./.'.
- iP.Uar_liC1NOTICE''Ss7hereby.(riscti..tp the
Vetera ol the ("irand-Forks-tlrci'itwood Electoral
District that in obedience.to His Majesty's; Writ
10 jne-iiireclcd', a"'1 bcarjujr date the 7th" (Jay of
Apdl.iti thtij-carbf onr Lord o_ie.thousan<l" nine
hundred and.twcnly-iivc'-l require the ."presence
of ..the said Voters.^-at tlie^'Government Oflicp,
Ci'rccn'n'oodt'on theUveiitieth day of April;' 1925,.
at twelve o'clock nooii, for the purjyose af n'oni-
iitiitiiijf aml'electiripr "one %persoii" to rfeprc'seiit
ihcni in the Legislature of this province. ' _-.
The.Mqde of Noralnatipn of CandJdates shall be
. as follow*:���
' The Candidates shall tic nominated iri writ-
inft; tlie" wriiinc- shall be." subscribed l>y- two
rcjjistcred voters of the district-as projwSer and'
seconder,-and hy ten "other registered' voters of
the eaid district asassentintr to tbeijoniinntion,
and shaii bedelivered to the Keturhiri'ir Officer at
any time "between the date of this Proclamation
and 00a p,ni:.of.thc' day.'of..noiiunation,-,'Iu..t__,��
event o.f.a..p��U;:bei!tir,;.a.e^ri^ry'^^
X^p&faj^i^&isXsX^^
���XZXXX.::X: ���.- '^iii^tti^xyyyxyyy.
'��� XXXi��� t--7;V^O^lng Divis!o3Mf'77V-s Xyiy
Be^e&tiyXy-Gii*^&z:yyiat&Trw<>^i
Eoriirid'aty Fattsy&iistim.y*lity,:'$W'w'&yr;- ���:
'B^��VHte,';;^;fi^-EteUifVCff:^:f''F^I^''*';if
B^-^-:tTe^yxFu^yxy!:xXx;fiiverm^y
CarM^y -:.: vfi_^..'*jras^d'Foriesi;:.:;^ Rotlt.-CrweSv:
7 XXHyXXXXX y VSWespridge.;;; 'XXXXXy% V
���.of wfiicii'rexe^-pei^o-'^hOT
niErtifCe-i_,n:4:govern Mtaseit tto^dip-glyXXyy
.J.V'S^^NifS^^W.ffc^^^^^^^^i^��"
eirskiliZ. day';.*) f ipA|3ril ,:7��^^fitiji9an3-v.ni_ie
fov^ie&:iu^r&&^X&^Zi'X'yyXyy'yzy:yz
;5fesSeWS?SS;KV'&GEMGE &'mtxfXXX
XXyXX':XyXXM::XX:X:MX:J^''t^"^P^^X^.
v The Mineral Prpvince70f Western Canada ;
��� v/^;'7;;v7^^^
:    Has; prodaced   Miuerals as , follows:    Placer   Gold,    876,962,203; .Lode',
(fold, $113,^ ..') XX
Zinc,-  $.27,904,756;  Miscellaneods Minerals, $1,408,257; fCoal-and Coke, S250,;-��� '���}���)
968,113; Building Stoae, Brick, Cement, etc., 839,415,234,^making, its MineralV 7       ;7
. Production to'.tba end. of 1923 show, an, 77-'       ���   -��� ,X  :-���-.  '"'��� - "7 ."-���" :'Xx  X ���"'Xyy''.'.'"'-'. '
77/Mregate;Mb& of;$S10,722,78'2:V-: --,
for tte Year Ehdirir^
The   Mining, Laws of this Province: are^^ more liberal, and .the fees lower,
���. shan those of any-ofeherfProyisca in. the Dominion, or any Colony in tha , British
f;gmpr^7vW?%W;VV7VV'f;^ ���-' ' . X. ���   . ��� . : ���:    ��� y ��� ���-.'
7f-.77vAbkin1ie7f^li^^at��....'oht^M    %. d^elopingi'vsneht g^eii^,; ihe-'S^nrity .'V
;dC^fcafifr-gt^aranteed���iiyf;C^^e.-dra&tp.V'f,:f:-''-..7 f/ X-     VtWW -
||W;|?aii inforina^|iV'.ti6getiher with. ^ining^Kafwla;' aud'.- M^ps/m^%e':d&taiiBed7;:;7
f^j&dajn^K^ffVW yXX .������:7--VfW-f -V THURSDAY, APRIL 23. 1925
THE) LEDGE
3 j,
siei
PAGE THREE.
THE CANDLELIGHT
The Candlelight ' was published in pamphlet
form by D. McPherson and has received much favorable comment.
Introduction
This little pamphlet is being "written and respectfully submitted to the electors of the Grand
Forks-Greenwood riding with the object of outlining
to them, in a frank and simple manner, my views
as to those problems and conditions which, in my
opinion, are of most direct concern to them and in
connection with which the approaching bye-election
in the riding is something of more than ordinary
importance. The size and character of the riding
are such that there may be a number of electors
tfhoni I cannot personally visit and I feel that this
circumstance entitles them to a written expression
of my views and attitude in regard to such matters.
Desiring to avoid everything that savours of high-
pressure methods, I am mailing this document early
in the contest hoping1 that its modest contents may be
calmly and sincerely considered by those who receive it.
This pamphlet is not pretentious enough in its
conception, nor sensational enough in. its make-up
to permit of its being named "The Searchlight," but ������
believing that it represents a moderate amount of
common sense, indicates a fair grasp of the more
serious conditions which face us in our respective
communities and reveals in some measure the practical paths to their solution, I have ventured to name
it "THE CANDLELIGHT."
The Vacancy
cThe vacancy in legislature, so far as this riding
is concerned, was caused by the tragic death of that
estimable citizen John McKie and the machinery ot
the province is being prepared, according to custom,
to elect his successor. Though the exact date of the
bye-election has not been decided it is safe.to say
that it will not be far from May 1st. At the General
Election in June last the province as a whole returned the Liberal Government to power, while this
Riding, iu a three-cornered contest, elected a Conservative. Having accepted nomination as the government candidate, I hope to succeed in convincing
the electors that, their own interests will be better
served by supporting that government father than
by electing1 an Opposition member. There are times
when a government have too much power while the
opposition is weak and ineffective. At the present
time there is an opposition numbering sixteen Conservatives, in addition to several Independents and
L&bor members. It would seem, therefore, that any
function which can be performed by an Opposition
can be reasonably taken care of as it stands. The
government, on the other hand, while .of ample numerical strength to hold office, would undoubtedly
be in a much better position to properly carry on
the affairs of the province if they had one or two
more supporters. ' V
The Opposition party will probably attempt to
create the impression .that if their candidate is elected they will defeat tlie Government, bring on another General Election and the Conservatives then
assume the reins of government.
In this connection the following record of the
Divisions in- the legislature during the last session
. should be interesting:     '.
Result of Division in the House���-Session 1924
U)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)-
Re Sale Pacific Great Eastern Resolution
(Government Resolution). Carried. 29-17 .
-Appeal  from   Chair    by  Opposition  on
Speaker's ruling re Unemployment Mo-
"��� tion���Chair sustained ��� 25-20
Opposition want    of  confidence   amend-.
"ment- re .Mothers'  Pensions  on motion .'
- to" go into supply.',Defeated 7���=       ���   -' ���" 27-15.
Government Motion to adjourn debate on
Hincliliffe    Amendment    to    Provincial
- Elections Act. Carried   - 25-21
Motion  for  Second Reading  Succession
. Duty Act (Government Bill) Carried    ." . 28-17 -
Motion for Second-Reading to repeal 1923. ...
-. Amendment ������: to   Public -,: Enquiries   Act - -
���W     26-18
"f 7.   (Opposition.Bill).-Defeated
(7)-Barbers" Bill Second "Reading;'non-parti-. "'"--
���- V.   sa'iv division, .-Carried -:;   -';-X -' ���'���'./' 29-16
(S)    Forestry Act'Second; Reading1 (Govern-
���.:'.-.    ment. Bill),, Carried ���    . V-7;    W "" V 39-6. 7
' . 7(1 Opposition; 3 Third Party'and"2 Labor      ;  -
V '-.- opposing).-'';    .       ���-     ;��� -. "\"   -   'WW  "
(9) -'Racing Control Bill Second.Reading (Gov- '-
:7".,:-ernment Bill)." Carried-'. -X'X. ' .-'���    - V 29-13
(10) AnaeudnienVto Government Forest Bill-
by Third Party. Defeated:" .34-8..
.(11) -Church   Union. Bill   (Private) ,  Second
.'.-   -7 Reading..-Carried-  -.7' V  V-'1"' W'.\ '32-12,
(12) - Government-Liquor.' Act, -.Dr.-,-Rothweirs--������������;-���- -
��� .'/'��� "amendment.,, non-partisan-division, -Min- .'-
:" '"-���'.-istry, dividing. '.Defeated,-   W -,"���      --'-"26:14.
(13)-}"Government"".Liquor; Act  Chris. "McRae 7- -  "V
���X Amendment, non-partisan-division, Min-     ���
.-���������'   .istry-Dividing-: ".'Defeated. 7'. ,-   27-13 ���
(14)7 'Oriental "'Resolution " ."by - Opposition, .'
- Amendment   by   Government.' ��� Amend-
W.      ment Carried..       -   ,-.---. W  -��� .-.V-V 43-0"
. (15). Senate . Resolution  by Labor, ^amended '.:.",
.   by Government.-'Amendment Carried..   26-14
X. You -will -note from, the ;foregding.that.the "clos-"
"est shave!'the government'had at any. tima. during.
.the .session was a majority of 4'X And this vote was ���
onf a motion "of minor importance.' If the Opposition felt,.in their anxiety to.save the province, that
this.rapacious; government should' be defeated why
did they, riot attempt to, dp so on some of the more
important .measures? . Furthermore, no -"division"
was. called for in. connection with the big Loan bill
which the government introduced towards the close
of ".session. IT WENT THROUGH UNANIMOUSLY.
Tlio. fact is that an additional member In the ranks
of the Opposition would still leave, that party unable,.
to defeat the.government.. I do not believe, that the
people at largo want another General Election for
some time, nor do I believe that the Opposition party 7
, want it either.   Why," they .have hot even selected a.
permanent leader.  -Who. is ho7going to be? What
arc going, to be his policies? What do. the electors-;
know of the possibilities arising from that situation?;
Simply nothing.- When the Conservative party, fur--
,'nish reasonable' proof.that- they have settled- the im-
portant questions-! have just outlined; when they can
f-reasoiiably.claim to' interpret:- the 'sentiments of the.:
people as desiring'another-. General -ElectionVwhen
; their-elected members fin the House'practice what-.
��� they preach by.'actually trying to" defeat.the Govern-'
ment on some    measure, of-real::, importance- then
..they may, without doing-violence-tb. common' sense,-
���ask .the" elector's to augment' their number.-;
It is a f matter of common knowledge that the
"three members.',representing the. Prbviacial party'
have- almost invariably'.'-supported.the Government.,
This is also true' of" the Labor, members", some of
whom have openly stated in the House that they
"will not vote Oliver out. to let Pooley-in."     ...
Industrial Conditions 7VW-...W
Our industrial and economic conditions through-.;
out the District seem, of recent years,   to have at,
'fkitik" iu them and we are unable to ascribe a   aa-.
isfactory reason.     Few or no new industries are
being established, some, old ones have given np the .
struggle.     There    appears    to   be   some   prospect
of improvement in the way of a revival of activity
in mining, lumbering and general development.
At the last session ot the legislature -the sum
,o�� $150,000 was voted-for the relief of distress and
serious unemployment'throughout the province. Wo
were able to convince the Government that this
Riding was entitled to share in this expenditure
and the stun of $7,000 was allotted to nsX This
money was s;pent by the Public Wosffcs Be^artHtfafc.
in carrying on needed improvements to highways
where the greatest value could be secured for the
expenditure and where the greatest unemployment
prevailed. . Enemies of the Government have asserted that Doukhobours were employed on this
work in the Grand Forks district while needy Canadians were denied work. This is untrue. Some
work was given to two or three men of Russian
origin who are naturalized Canadians and this was
done only after it was positively known that their
families were in need. I have some personal knowledge of the methods used in distributing that Relief money in the Grand Forks district and do not
believe it could have been done more fairly or satisfactorily.
Farming"
If the industrial conditions have made hard the
path of the wage earner the lot of the agriculturist
has not been any easier. Nor has the business man
been entirely free of trouble. In times of depression farmers, merchants and laborers are "all in
the same box." The Government have endeavoured to assist farmers by various means, encouraging co-operative societies, advancing money for
development purposes, etc. The results obtained
through such methods are not always what were
expected. For instance, a large sum of money was
advanced to the farmers of the Grand Forks valley
for irrigation purposes and it is uo secret that a
serious situation exists with regard to that venture
today. The steps which I have already taken in
an endeavour to arrange a measure of relief in this
matter need not be recited here. Suffice it to
say that I hope][for success.
The Doukhobour Question
The Doukhobour Cjuestion is one which arises
periodically, is dealt with in a sort of spasmodic,
manner and then lies dormant for a time. Under
ordinary^circumstances, politically speaking, it has
a natural inclination to "arise" around election
time. There is no doubt that public sentiment demands some concrete action and a permanent solution of this difficulty and, apart altogether from
political considerations, the present would appear
to be the opportune time to obtain them. The
Government have declared their intention of grappling with this question, abandoning the "peaceful
persuasion" policy which, though long tried, has
brought no adequate results: The Doukhobour
question must be solved. We are going to find
out, once for all, who are going to "rule the roost"
in��this district, the Doukhobours or ourselves.
It would be improper for me to detail the knowledge I have of the plans which have been laid for
dealing^-.withj^the^Doukhobour situation. I believe
those plans to be based on sincerity, good judgment and determination. They must succeed. For,
my part, I am behind the movement to the end.
It is earnestly to be hoped that, for the time
being, at least, those who are "dubious" in regard
to this question will refrain from casting reflections
upon the sincerity of those who are giving their
time and energy to the subject. Every good citizen should encourage rather than discourage their
efforts in handling a problem already sufficiently
difficult.
The Patronage Question
When  the  Liberal  party carried the  province
.in  the General Election of 1916  one plank in its
platform called  foi* the abolition of patronage.   It
would be folly to pretend that this plank has been
preserved;   indeed, there are few people with any
knowledge of the party system of government who
would believe in the possibility, of literally carrying
it out. "   Criticism in this regard, however, comes
with little grace from the Conservative party, whose ,
record in the matter during their last few years of
office was certainly nothing to be proud of.     Not
only "was it impossible for" anyone but a Conserva--
. tive to get work on any. government service-; it was ,.- [
: impossible to get work in certain private industries
-.right" here' in" the   boundary,  district."     However,
two wrongs do not make a right and, personally,
I haven't much faith in the    efficacy of "planks"
in a party platform in connection with any. such.
-question as this. .   Common sense dictates" the pro- '.,..���
per' solution. . .My. stand on the patronage" question"..;
is this;: that any-person being appointed to an.ad-. .
���ininistrative or con.fidehtia.1 position -in the".govern;..  ',
-meiit -service should.'be' friendly-to;the" administra- ..'
.tion, as anyfother course would not be sound "busi7
:iiess; - biit,'wlien .'.it-fcomes ���to.-;the. matter.-."of men     :
working ori-.public. roads',   bridges,  surveys.; or the  ���
like,' the ordinary priri'ciples'foff fairness\and equal-. .
' ity- should-apply and- the- opportunity to earn a; few. .
..dollars should, be'extended to-the. taxpayers'.without regard - to ��� .their political-inclinations.   .This- is   ���.
my "plank", on the.patronage question; it is.-home- .:
.made but I believe it is fof sound material and: if 1-..-
-am. elected "I am going to put it. into.-use.;. V 7 -'
.Sonie Rea|.Problems : V'���-.'���
'"'���.    It would "probably be-a "good "thing if'every.   '-.
elector ' should give a little - time, occasionally., to a. .-'_ -
consideration,of the .magnitude.-.of some of the' pub-'
' He problems of-'which we"    often'-spealc so lightly,"
.The -P.; G.'.E;  Railway "is  the-fmost-formidable, of
'these. .Approximately forty-five", million '"dollars has '
been, spent fin this  enterprise.,and-we are  paying ,
-about two and a half millions ".every year, for,-Inter est.' ,,
and loss on operation.. -This.;is._between ten. ahd
fifteen' per cent of what we collect What business- -
man W'ould-undertake to keep oh. doing business if .;
'he were to take over ten.per cent of his.total.col- ;--.
lections' y (not. merely his" profits)  anil "throw-that ",.
suni" into the -fire? That is", almost what Aye .are do- ."
ing iir.connection  with.the-p., G. E. How can- we   "���
hope-to. substantially redi.ice_.our-.heavy publicf.debt
;as long as this condition exists? -     '-'������     . ��� '='-"
. This' government are  assailed   in -many  fluar- - ���
-ters-because they, spend .too much money and fail ;
tb swiftly reduce .taxation,-while".in other quarters .
they are attacked because they, decline to, financially  ���'
.'"assist" this,-that or the other-proposition."
As long" as this huge suni,of money is;annually���".
fed  to our  provincial white elephant we may as
.well-face the fact that.other worthy causes, will go  >
f .wanting to souse..degree/ .Similarly, it. Is difficult '..'
to be convinced-that as Jong.as this condition exists- '���'":
the Conservative,promise of Interest-free, money to W
. farmers:could   ;be' carried-- out^,--'-This -is    another --,:
"plank"   in'a political platform tliat is liable, to. be W
badly splintered. .;....> .".       ,      -.'"'...    "   "W VV:
V.:-There, is a ray of .hope in .connection .with the V
P. G...E.. Railway, namely, the-possibility of its sale.
to '..(or- absorption } by)   one.of the  larger" national':-V
:."systems. The" 'government"are pledged'not' to.con-:  ���'���
elude" any such deal-without consulting: the legisla-"
:-��� .ture.   May I hope to escape - a. charge .of-/egotism if.    _���
.1 say-that""r:ftel competent to render .some assist- ":'
_ arice In ��� that''.very-..matt'er? Having been a railroad ���
man.for'many years, knowing the railroad.situation: 7
in the.country ;fairly'well    and having a personal 7
acquaintance, with practically all the leading rail- ���
road men' of the country as- well.as with-the mem-
,bers of. both Federal'.and Provincial governments.-1,   .
feel'warranted in believing that, in some degree, my'~
services might be useful.    ���
If we are. unable to dispose of the railroad we
��� willj,^ I,presume, have.to.keep it and the endeavor,
then-must be. to inkke fit. pay-^and save two, and a
; half ..millidn7".dpllars."7a .year:-for-f-the -.taxpayers. - ,1 ...
wonder;again,if I 'mayf'fsuggestf-th'at^ah-experienced 7 -a.
railroad man could probably assist in.'that;direction?-'17-';
Not many electors, are likely, to-dispute;with '.me . 7'
when I say that,.from our" past experience, our pbli-7 ���-
tieians have not brought us-much prosperity via .the   .
.railroad route, whether.in planning,.building, operat- .-.'
tag or, disposing of a.road. f :.-'���., _'X.X-~ ;-   . .-.,
XX- [y- Xyy V-'-The ServicssiVWe'-Enjoy.7v ..-7- 7      7W7
-'" Notwithstanding the heavy firain upon bur rev-; :
ennes. because of the P. G. E. Railway ahd other am- 7
bitions ventures;   notwithstanding , the'.disastrous ;;'������'���_
;consequences of-our. "boom-day", policies;, in spit37 .
of the expensive character of British Columbia from
a cost-of-governing' standpoint, there is no doubt
that we enjoy the most advanced and progressive
social legislation of all the Canadian provinces. The
millions of dollars that has been paid out by the
government in Workmen's Compensation, Mothers'
Assistance, for the care of the aged, Boys' Industrial schools, in promoting the public health, etc,
has been money well spent. The critics of this
government should be honest enough to give credit
where credit is due.
A Discussion of Principles
A political contest is frequently taken by some
excitable people as the occasion for indulging in
unkind or untrue remarks about their neighbors of
opposite political leanings and particularly towards
the candidate to whom they are opposed. A man
seeking political office should not, of course, be too
thin-skinned but neither should the public be too
gullible. I know that certain of my opponents have
already endeavored to spread very foolish reports
not only about myself personally but also in regard
to the awful, things that might happen if I were
elected. Here are a few samples of the nonsense
being peddled by parties who apparently know little
or nothing about my intentions, or care less:
That the present activity in connection with
the Doukhobor question is all a "bluff";
That I am merely flim-flamming the farmers
when I pretend to assist the Irrigation District;
That I will move to the Coast if elected;
That I have made extensive promises of "jobs"
to certain people, and so on.
My first request after my nomination was for
a clean, honest campaign, as free as possible from
mud-slinging and foolish talk. I need scarcely ask
my supporters to'Jadhere to this policy to the-end.
In view of the possibility of sensational statements
and false reports being circulated by my opponents,
especially towards the close of the campaign, I
wish to caution the electors against paying attention
to that sort of thing. While I have never pretended
to be an angel, I have nothing to be particularly
ashamed of, and so far as this campaign is concerned, it is based, like my whole business life, on
common sense. My public life, if elected, will also
be on that basis.
"The Grand OldParty
There are many people in our country whose
fidelity, to one political party or the other amounts
to a kind of religion. In a General Election most
people lean towards a party. In a Bye-Election it is
natural to expect that party lines are, to a large extent, forgotten. In fact, in so far as provincial
matters are concerned, one is justified in wondering
why party lines' should be very tightly drawn, as it .
is simply a question of good or bad administration.
At the present time, with the Liberal Government
in power and, barring something of a most unusual
and unexpected nature, likely to remain in power for
the next three or four years; with so many important and pressing problems calling for government
assistance ancl attention in this Riding; ; with a
situation in our legislature which would give a government supporter from this Riding a position of
wonderful strategic importance, any serious thinker
must be excused for.doubting the wisdom of attaching too much importance to . the interests of the
"Grand Old Party.". Facts are more serious than
theories and dreams, human nature does not change
over night. Thc Liberal Government will not, I
take it, 'abolish patronage' to the.extent of receiv- ,
ing an Opposition member with open arms and ask-7
ing him, "What can we do for you?" What I want
to know it "what can he do for us?" Oh! the Opposition party-can .make us promises! But can we
���take those promises.to the store and."buy the baby
shoes" with them?.      .,-.   .-""���"- ..:
���'" Is it- not still-true that- a' bird in the hand is
worth two in the bush?
- - I feel warranted iu asking the people of this
Riding tb support me because, as long as this government are in power, I can do more for the Riding-
than an Opposition member can' do.   There will be
.much to" do.-. It is -foolish of any man to think that -
a-Riding-of this. kind7,canf bo,.properly .represented
in his ..spare moments,' or';by- merely - attending the f
"sessions of the" House.   I have'had sufficient, expe-7
.���rlence.-in- handling, the; business . of--.others. to con-
, vince'7me- that',- if electejti.-.-.at- least ,one7haIf - of. my'"
time.must' be devoted,to'. the' business of .the "people.;
My;private business is"-such .tliat" this- can, without.
..great,loss or inconvenience, be arranged. .' ;.,-. ',"
V .'-"���       ' V -V-7 ;:- Promises '. ���"- -'.'-'   - WV
- "''7 It .is "said that a- candidate.-' who "makes--, pre-elec;
:..tion-.: promises'.is a. fool.., Even- so, ��� I- am. going to"
-make.some, tor I-do riot.see any wrong in making
a;sens'ible promise.wtiich'cari be/carried'out.       V 7-
._ fl'f-.I- am1elected: }[ V ..7 V -.W:.'V 7:..7.._"7-7:_
X X The Doukhobours. will get ino more timber limits--
'-in this Riding until-' they comply fwith our laws; and 7
. live 'on/the same" lines as we do:'-        ,-: ,'   --- - , ,:V
--"���- I will endeavor to-have a sum of hloney ..voted -
every year, for the .relief of- distress and \vihter7un-_,
employment "as- long -as- the present' Industrial' con-' .
editions continue in. this ���Riding;.'-, - ���     - "'-
���' -I will' insist upon- tbe abolition; of the Personal
Property Tax,-.and endeavor to -institute _a special ���
tax to get the: same.'   revenue from Chinese merchants and -others who keep.no books, and who.' ex- -,
cept .for.this form, of- taxation,' would' pay .nothing -.
to the-;provincial treasury;   f' - ���''���'       J        --  ���-"--'
... 'I will" assist any sensible. measure-.lo encourage -
co-operative, methods of financing and marketing by
farmers;'-   ','���"   .'-"_    '.-''���  -- ���'-.[������.   ���    '.-'='.��� ."-.
..'���������    I will endeavor .tV reinstate the .wage scale paid."
some years ago:; to... nien". working .011 -'Government-
' rbadwork,'whicli-scale was reduced about the time,
.that.the members': sessional'   allowances: were "increased.  .  ��� '������..������- "���."   .������-'    .'.'7V. -' ��� '    " 'W ..-_    .-
;.���";'I will, be independent of .cliques, classes ;'or-in-"
. diyiduals; always seeking advice on''important''mat:j
tors but not taking .dictation.   .... .."-7
V ';��� I win visit'all portion's of the.'Riding between
sessions, not. at election time"'aioneV -'-_."-'    - -V
'-'.'.-Below I-take-the-liberty'of printing a-few "ex-'".
- tracts-from two.letters, one from -Hon..G,,D. Robert-"
son, a..member :df the Senate aiid-a-.former 'Federal" -
-Minister of Labor; fthe'. other from the pen'of-Hon. '
: James Murdock, the.present"Minister of Labor. Both
of. these-'gentlemen fwere.  "co.-workers "bf -mine" for
many years in. the-Labor movement. . .Mr. Robert-.-
"son _is.;a:Conse'rvativer -having. received his '"political ';
"appointments  from; the. Borden  Governnient. '.-'Mr.'
- Murdock. is a Liberal;-a''member of "the Cabinet-.of-'
Hon.. W7.L..''McKenzie:-King.-," Why-', have -Labor"'
Unions made such-progress in-recent years?. I - think
,it, is-" because ..thoy all pull ."for the interest "of- their
class; .they "forget about'the',-"Grand  Old Tarty"-
when, their bread "and; butter .are. at stakef--
'-Perhaps others might benefit by following their,
example.    . -- 7.      .' '
From-Mr; Robertson, addressed to ;myseif:
."I have.much confidence.-in your sincerity and
honesty of. purpose and feel sure that if you are sueV
cessful your presence in the legislature will.be bene-X
ficial to all concerned."  .       .-' .yy Xy->V""---'.'.--.-'���'-..-V.:
_..-;.; From -.-Mr.\ Murdock,1-..addressed 11tb"7bu'e':or mv'
.suppbrters.:;Vfi'f,ff;" XXyyzXXX. ('���'-"-���;"'":'���. '''"������   '"   '���
X: -..;?"Many- of'lusTwho"" ba%;e -known" Mf7'McPherson
..for years'as .a strong'contender for the rights of
common' folks feel, sure that his attitude - will. wiii
for him. in your constituency the undivided support
.of.those who believe in- giving labor and all ranks
of ordinary' citizens'- a square deal."   .-.."'
.--'��� -If the people of. this Riding elect -me as .their-
-��� representative, I,will try to see that, as.far as possible,, they also get "a square deal."  '  '
Fifty    Thousand    Canadian-
Norwegians   Will Attend
Norse-American   Centennial at Minneapolis and
St.' Paul in June.
King   Haakon,   President   Coolidge
and Lord and Lady Byng Invited.
n June nr.xt,
between three
and four hundred thousand
Canadians aud
Americans of
Norwegian origin will gather
at the twin cities
of Minneapolis
and St. Paul to
celebrate by a
great national
gathering thc
hundredth anniversary of the
America   of   the   first
ProfesGor Gisle Bo time
landing   in
^organized party of Norwegian settlers
on the Continent. It was'in 1S25 that
the little slpop Restaurationen, of 45
tons, set sail froni Stavanger carrying
a little band of adventurers who
settled in New York-state and ever
since, that "time there has been a
steady stream of newcomers to this
continent from their homeland.
The coming gathering and its purposes were recently discussed at the
head offices' of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, Montreal, by Professor Gisle
Bothne of the Minnesota state University at Minneapolis. The professor
stated that the Legislatures of Minnesota had endorsed the gathering
and had forwarded through the o
Secretary of the State of Washington
invitations to President Coolidge,
King Haakon of Norway and the
Governor General of Canada. President Coolidge had already accepted .
and Lord and Lady Byng have given
assurance that they will attend. It
is expected that about 50,000 Norwegians now living in Canada will
attend the Norse-American Centen- .
nial.
The gathering will be opened on
June 6 next and about forty "Bygde-
lags" or Norwegians Clans will hold
meetings during the first day. On
Sunday June 7 the Bishop of Oslo,
which until recently was known as
Christiana, will hold a divine service
and the succeeding days will be
given up to meetings, field sports and
musical competitions, and an
'Historical pageant depicting the
.Viking activities fof one thousand
years ago. and the history of Norsemen at home and abroad up to the
present time, portraying their contributions to civilization,' in discoveries, science,. agriculture,, industry and commerce, in art and literature
wili be staged. The costumes will be
magnificent and in brilliancy of technique, in magnitude and splendour the
whole array will rival anything of its
kind-that has heretofore been produced. . The other features of the Centennial are- being prepared on the
same elaborate scale.
. It is already arranged that a large
delegation from Norway's parliament
.will be presentahd there-is some hope'
that the Norwegian Crown Prince
may attend. .Five Norwegian-American". universities are closing for the
summer, early, so that their faculties
and students' may be present. Professor Bothne pointed out that the
Norwegians had done much, in the
building up - of - the central ��� western
states and their influence was shown
by-the.fact that the governors of no
aess'than" five states were of Norwegian birth "or/descent.   It has been.
^proposed that the.Canadian Depart- _
ment'.of'Colonization shall have an
exhibit at tlie convention.-""    .   -.  ,-
-In the course-'of the interview professor Bo time stated-that Undoubted- '
ly the-new United States immigration "
laws would, result in large numbers cf -
-Norwegians coming, to'this country
during-tlie-next few years."   '��� -.-   -"-
d. Mcpherson:
Grand Forks, B.C., April"2nd��1925.
Southern Alberta is'to. Have. an-,
other addition,; tof its 'growing-list-.of
titled ranchers/according, to'report."
The Due' de-f Nemours," a. descendant���
"of- Louis Phi *ipe of "France, it is'stat--
ed.is' sailing in.-April-..'to visit Lord'
and Lady Rodney,;- y/ho ' have "'.fa
raneh at Fort' Saskatchewan; and,-
��� later, "to acquire _a' homestead fhear-
the establishment of - the Prince of
Wales.  ���..""���        " -.'    ""
:. -The-Nova Scotia- Technical".College, assays - under" direction _bf* the
Dominion- Council.of Scientific,Re-.
search-. indicate "Nova - Scotia oil
shales to be1 the richest -iii'- the world, ���
giving'" fifty- gallons-'" of high-grade
;paraffin .to,a ton of shale. One
'hundred   million-tons  of  the-.shale
; are readily accessible, and vast oil"
industries similar to .those of Colorado and' the Western; States might'
.well come into-.being,-in" this  piro;
.vince..' ���,---""'��� ���'" . :.���"":'���/     "7 '    "'-'-���
7,.-"I..find "general   business   condi---
tions" quiet but improving through^
out   Canada   and   undoubtedly, the ���
increase in the price of farm products will" prove  very  encouraging'-
to the west," said Grant Hidl,-'vieeV
president cf the Canadian  Pacific
Railway, on'his return ;frpnr_a"rei '
cent tour bf the' Domiriion7 -'.'targe,;
-orders for hardware shipped oyer'
our lines of-late to the west indicate  that- the  crop   money- is- now-'
- beginning to circulate more readily,.- ���
which in its turn is a mark of ths
. farmer's confideace in the country."*
 ll PAGE   FOUR
THE LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH COLUMBIA, THURSDAY,
APRIL 23, 1925
���.i..,i".
sets
3SSSS
(
_
i
f
I
Electors of Greenwood Riding have a grand
opportunity to advance their own interests by electing
the Liberal candidate on Saturday next
The Issue Well Defined
Liberal Progress or
_ �� i
Conservative Stagnation
Common sense calls for the return of a supporter of the Oliver Administration the record of
which contrasts in a most favorable manner with the
reckless and wasteful rule of its predecessors in office,
the discredited Bowser regime.
Remembe
The record of the Conservative regime
with its orgy of extravagance, increasing debt
and waste of natural resources.
Compare that record with the policies of the
Liberal government under which credit has been
rehabilated, resources developed, taxation re=
duced and results obtained
A Vote for McPherson
.-������.'������
will be a vote for sane administration and pro=
gressive policies.
��� V      ��    ' .    ' - -    "
Will aid the advancement of the best interests
pf f hL^iidihgy
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