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The Ledge Jan 22, 1925

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 Provincial Library
7
Hockey Match
Grand Forks vs Greenwood
Greenwood Rink
'/
Friday/Jan. 23rd, 8 p.m.
The Oldest Mining Camp Newspaper In British Columbia
Boundary Cup Hockey
Grand Forks vs Greenwood
.Friday, Jan. 23rd, 8 pm.
First of Home and Home games
Vol.   XXXI ,
GREENWOOD, B. ��., THURSDAY,-.'JANUARY 22, 1925.
No. 26
re
Mesmwmsta i
Just arrived
McClary V Graniteware
Double Boilers, Stew Pots, Pot*, Roasters, &c.
An assortment of Bonnie Blue Ware
Galvanized Tubs, Boilers and Pails
Copper Boilers and Copper Bottom Boilers
Great West Saddle'ry Co.'s trunks, valises and hand bags
""*
%���_����
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
,.j
i
anitoba White Fish
Now In
Order at onCe.    They are in demand.
cte   For Quality and Value Order From
Phone 46
GREENWOOD GROCERY
For Anything in the
Drug  or   Stationery   Line
Call or mail your orders to
GOODEVE'S DRUG STORE
Kodaks,   Films,   Albums.    Victrolas,   Records,   Etc.
*�����������������������<>���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������
i
Fresh Salmon and Halibut
Every Thursday Afternoon
Smoked Fish of all kinds in stock
Freshf Pork 7Stfi��sagef;-Every,f Tuesday7 Morning
:SxX&^MIKsoWSM
$W^-^fEfw
IV-'!';-
m
J'xW
m
i^^[%^^SyM^O^)^M
������' WJ5j��s��_����S^&?SSi_W<J^^
IK
'4mm4*e<i&<SH!-.
Mens
Furnishings
Hats and Caps
Boots and Shoes
Rubbers
- '���������    . -.      /'.
W, Elson & Co,
FIRE!
FIRE!
FIRE!
Winter time is most
Dangerous for Fires
A small premium will give you "
Protection, on your House
and Furniture
CHARLES   KING )
Real Estate and Insurance
13UIJ
i3HU
iaaid.
Ladies and Childrens
Furnishings
Ail Hats Selling at Cost
FPR SALE. GUITAR
Iu first-class condition with -steels
and case
MRS. ELLEN TROUNSON
Special
Reduced Prices
All Wool
Heavy Mackinaw Coats
Regular Price $9.00
Special    'X    $7.00
All Wopl
Heavy Mackinaw Shirts
Regular.Price $7.75
-Special w4   -$5.75
���_ " ������
AT
McMynn's Store
Midway, B.C.    .     .
Greenwood Theatre
SATURDAY, JAN. 24th
Commencing at 8.15   p.m.
V;^?'-;carry;f%_ljVtbef-
\,S:;X~y
Hliiiilili:
V;R!W^^
f  ^OiHce'.: SmSitni^^^
:tKAi&,. .BRi_HSafCOETJM|lAi-'.'
. '������ -tMEIiiiRS M> RffiMk x
0&M, Si!? tt, Wffl&r* padf.aBi'liEl,;Ofe^
'^Prodwceirs:'of   GoiS, f Sil^ei*,;''Cogger,-.��������� 3*i��fIAMl7fsijtf''-ZIlW '���. V.
[��� ~y..'..v- V f��*M^��CP;!B&4&r��f.7- XXy-X..yyX xxyX
ABuirs m$x
CHILDREN 2 5c
-;"*ti* ikxtme:imM- Reefer Major
���of }Gvmti ���'-. .'E<orks ������' last;.' -:Tfaursday
���with. .ft:-taaj;ont^;of '48;-wWyV'^' r7
AROUND HOME
Bokn���At Kimberley to xMr.
and Mrs. S. R. Smith, a son, ou
Jan. 12th.     ' .
B. Hodge and Percy Leigh,
knights of the grip, were in town
on Sunday. ., .' f
The Pythian Sisters will hold
a meeting* on Friday 23rd at the
usual hour.
Read the letter on Church
Union on page 4 by Rev. W. R.
Walkinshaw. ....
There is a 2-ton Fordson tractor
in town which was driven over
from Grand Forks on^Wednesday.
Mrs. A. Francis and two
children returned, on Friday
from a few weeks holiday at the
coast.
John Wyder and son, John,
returned on Saturday from Hedley, .the mine having closed down
until spring.
"H. R. Pldmmer has succeeded
Valentiue Quinn as manager of
the Vancouver office "''"of the
Granby company.
Mrs. J. M. Bella and son, Joe,
and Everett Robinson returned
on Monday1 from a week's visit in
Nelson and Moyie.-
Constable J. M. Bella has received word of his transfer to
Victoria and will leave for the
capital in a few days.
Service in St. Jude's Church on
Sunday, Jan.'25th at 7.30 o'clock.
The annual Vestry meeting will
be held after the Service.
, William Fox will present
"Hell's Hole" at the Greenwood
Theatre on Saturday, Jan. 24th.
This is a  1924 Cine-Melodrama.
Grand Forks will run a special
train to Greenwood on Friday
night when the first of the home
and home games for the Boundary Cup will be played.
Miss Hattie Auger and Herbert
Auger,' of Eholt, are visiting
with their sisters, Mrs. Walker
and Mrs. Christensen at Moyie
and Lumberton.
Mr. and Mrs. W. A.. Bain left
on Friday morning* for Salmon
Arm*, Mr. Bain having'recovered
sufficiently from his illness to enable him to v leave the District
Hospital. V.
An enjoyable Dance was. held
in the Greenwood -Theatre after
the Hockey ..match, on. Friday
evening-7last, -.excellent ..music
being supplied by Missy Victoria
Shillcock,"7Dr:WA; ."Francisv'and"
Geo. ,Clerf.'": V
��� - - -.���������'*���.:' ' " -. ''��� ������������' -
,G.,B. MacDonald of Cranbrook,
arrived fin town, on BMdayfand
has taken Ef Andreas' position.in
thef Bank f of Commerce,' . Mr.
Andreas- haying undergone an
operation for, appendicitis and is
progressing very rapidly:   ..
'-[y '/wCurling/w.
Good progress - is being* "made
in the Competitions at ;the local
Curling - rink, many exciting
games.being played. The foilow-
ing.is the standing:-..
-.-.'-.7. ;��� warren-ictjpV.
:,-,.-.-   " "' 7 1st Round VW -
- Walters .beat Ketrf 7
f  Walmsley beat Morrison.
Goodeve:beat Bella.;,..      '"���'
;..-���. ,.2ad Roundff;
Walmsley, ;bye. " f. :'  f
-. -Walters beat Goodeve. '���������������
"7-" --��� '';������')})'Final' .      7777 ���
f 7 Walters "plays - Walmsley.! this
evening-,  y ���" -,; y-'-'-'X-X
' -.-MCtKNNAN  & .MCF.EEI.Y CUP   -.-'
Morrison beat.Walmsley....' f-;
"..  Morrison beat,Bell af_. ff"
:   Goodeve beat Walmsley. ..,}'_'���}
7.Bella plays. Kerr this evening...
'., .Tuesday v will .be a Jiyely day
at the rink .when fthe.'*;.Osoyoos
curlers will be the guests of the
local club.  - W f ...  .
PHESBYTE$A?i  CHUKCH
Minister ia charge
Rev. W. R. Walldnsiiaw, B..-A.
Greenwood
fSasday. January 2 Stft,
.- ��� Midway 11-a.si. .
X Greenwood" 7.3 0 v.m, '���'.7 "7""'
Greenwood Wins
Hockey Championship
By winning the game at Grand
Forks last night by a score of
4 to 3 after 20 minutes overtime
play Greenwood holds the Boundary Intermediate Championship
which entitles th^jn to play with
other leagues for the B. O. Championship. The game was undoubtedly the hardest fought this
season and when time was called
the score stood 3 to 3. Overtime
had to be played 5 minutes each
way, and after 20 minutes of the
fastest and hardest game ever
played in the Boundary, Crowley
got the goal that cinched the
championship for Greenwood.
Grand F��rks bad their - team
greatly strengthened by"the addition of Pennoyer and Galipeau.
They played nine men and
Greenwoods six, the visitors not
using their "spares. The Grand
Forks baud was out and the rink
was crowded most of the spectators
admitting that the best team won.
Greenwood Trims Grand Forks
Displaying a brand of hockey
which-has not been witnessed on
local ice for many, a year, the
Greenwood hockey team outskated,
outgeneralled, outgamed and out-
everything-elsed the Grand Forks
team afe the rink last Friday night
and when full time was called the
Greenwood boys had four goals to
their credit while the hapless
Grand Forks boys only had one
lone tally.
From the very start our boys
put in the necessary, zip into the
game and all worked 'to better advantage than at any time this
season. Grand Fsrks was held
safe at all times. The local defense was never called upon feo
exerfe itself, though Taylor at
point made many of his sensational
rushes*, while Clerf afe cover, who
played that position for the first
time, showed great head work and
intercepted many a pass. Francis
in goal kept his eagle eye on the
disc all" the- time*:ami "made"some
good stops but was nofe overworked.
Crowley was tho great surprise of
the evening. He netted three
goals. Crowley (scintillated from
start to finish,, bringing the faithful
to their feefc time after time with the
brilliance of his corkscrew rushes.
Another man on fehe home team feo
show fine, style was Morrison at
centre, f Morrison's work was most
effective, shooting on fehe opponents
goal time after time and especially
thrillingVwas his back cheeking.
Hallett who' played . for, the first
timethis season-'was in fine form
and-- never - showed . tof better advantage.- -Hekepfefhis posifeion-and
made.- many. a7seneafeional rush.
His shooting ;.was -" excellent and
only the marvelous 'luck of the
goal keeper- stopped him from having many goals.to. his credit. He
���scored Greenwood's firsfc goal after
eight finiunfees of7 play. - Of the
Grand Forks,, team probably fehe
Atwood. Bros, were , the. most .outstanding.. They are hard clean
players and made -[. many good
r.ushe8.7 O. Atwood .scored the
lone tally for -Grand Forks in the
second .period.-W "V; ��� ; -
f While. Greenwood had it all over
the . visitor?, . the latter were far
below the form, displayed in previous .games. Tlie team appeared
tp be working hard and went up in
three mauf formation,' but the
splendid. back-checkipg and .ironclad defense, 'tells the story.
7 The first period was 3 tb nothing
for Greenwood; second period 4 feo
i. in favor, of Greenwood. The
third - period was a regular bombardment on the Grand Forks goal
and the visiting goal keeper was
worked feo the utmost..._ Time after
time he.stopped -shots that looked
like af goal. fNo goals were scored
infthia period aqd; when the gong
sounded the scprei wa3 4)to 1.
���, J; ; Morrison refereed the game
(satisfactory. ..There was a good
crowd but it is hoped that a bigger
crowd wil! turn .out on Friday
nighfe when "fthe':'same 'Uwo' teamB
willxlash sticks for the Boundary
Cupf Goals'to count'in home and
home games.
Members and adherents of the
Presbyterian Church please note:
A Congregational meeting wiil
be held in the Church on Monday
26th January at 8 p.m. prompt.
Refreshments wili be served by
the Eadies Aid after the business
is over. Let every member ana
adherent make a special effort to
ot present. ;        ���'���*- /.-.-'
John R. Jackson
Dies in Merritt
In the sudden death of John R.
Jackson, who died at Merritt on
Tuesday night, Jan.�����0tb, the
Greenwood District mourns the
loss of one of its greatest and
most respected pioneers. He had
been at Merritt to attend the
funeral of his brother, Archie,
and went to bed at 9.15. Shortly
afterwards one of the household
went to his room to find out what
cime Mr. Jackson wanted to be
tailed in the morning, aud found
him dead. He had apparently
died of heart failure.
The deceased was born in Ireland 66 years ago and came to the
United States, with his parents, at
an early "age, later moving tb
Grey County, Ontario, and when
a young man he answered the
call of the West, coming to the
Nicola Valley. He lived there for
a number of years and was married to Miss Tannahill. In 1890
located in Midway where he purchased the Bill Jenkins ranch,
and which he has successfully
run ever since. Besides this
ranch he owns a strip of grazing
laud Yi mile wide extending from
Pasco's at Boundary Falls to the
Midway coal mine. He was the
largest stock man in the district
and it was due to his efforts that
cattle was shipped to the coast
from time to time. He took an
active part in farmers organizations as well as all public matters.
���For two terms he was a member
of the Provincial Legislature for
Greenwood riding during the
McBride regime.
Besides his widow and five
children, Barbara, Gladys, Nora,
Eric .and Robert, there are two
brothers and a sister, Frank W.
Jackson, of Kamloops, Samuel
Jackson and Miss M. Jackson, of
Merritt,
He was a man of excellent
habits, fine moral character,
sturdy constitution, and he continued to be active in his accustomed pursuits1 till long past the
age at which men ordinarily drop
out of the ranks of the workers.
He met most of the conditions
and situations of life with a joke.
Hewas a practical matter of fact
man, but had his own peculiar
way of extracting merriment from
life as it went- along.
When he' died, full of years,
ready to be gathered to his
fathers, the grief that was felt
over his long aud useful career
was widespread and sincere. His
best monument will be the good
report he has left behind him in
a district in which he has so
prominently lived for 35 years.
_ _To_t'he be_reayed wife and_fam-
ily the sympathy of the entire
community goes out to them.
The funeral will be held   in
Midway on Sunday, Jan. 25th  at.
12 o'clock, Service to be conducted
by Rev. W.'R. Walkinshaw.
Merritt Pioneer Dies
Merritt and fehe Nicola Valley
loses one of-its oldest respected
residents by fehe deafeh on Friday
lasfe 01 Archibald J. Jackson, age
55, jvho was the pioneer merchant
of Merritt; having opened a general store there 21 years ago. Mr.
Jackson came to British Columbia
in 1S99 from Ontario to join" his
brothers, who had come out' West
a few years previously. After a
short period spent; wifeh his brother,
the late John R. Jackson at Midway, Archie Jackson, as he "is
familiary known, came to Douglas
Lake, afrd a few years later.feo
Quilchena, where he kept the store
and post oflice. for a nnmber of
years.
Bnrial took place in Merritt on
Sanday afternoon.
Provincial Mineralogist
A Government appointment
which has given great pleasure" to
the people of this District is the*
advancement of John D. Galloway,
B. A, 3 to fehe position of Provincial
Mineralogist;
Mr. Galloway has been Government   Mining   Engineer   for   tha-
North   Eastern   District  of   this
province, stationed at Hazelton for
three years.
He   came   to Greenwood   as &,
small boy and attended the'schools'
here   natii   he    went   to   McGill
University,  where his career waa
distinguished.
We fortell a brilliant fatsre for
him, TIIE,
LEDGE,   GREENWOOD, jk fX
Copper Mines In
The Far North
Marvelous Human Machine      !   End  of the  Dreadnought  Era
Rich   Deposits   Near   Coronation   Gulf
Compare With  Lake Superior
Copper Region
Tlio Natural Bosourccs Intelligence
Service of Uie Department of Uiu Inferior at Ottawa, says:
In the -world search for economic |
minerals the nortliern porl ion of Canada has not escaped attention. As
early as .1770, Samuul Hearno, ono of
tlio Hudson's Hay Company's servants,
then at Fori Prince of "Wales, received instructions from London to investigate rumored copper mines. After a numbur of attempts Hearno accepted tho "offer of an .Indian chief to
"guide the white man to the 'far-off
metal.'" The trip v.as successful,
ihe outcvoppir.gs of copper wore
found, and Hearne named the river on
whose banks the discovery war. made
tlie Coppermine. Tlie river is situated in the Mackenzie district of the
northwest territories and flows into
Coronation Gulf of tlio Arctic Ocean.
Tho copper deposits are ���niuatod at
what ls known a.s tlie Coppermine
Mountains, some sixty miles from the
mouth of the river. The Scientific
American in reviewing a number of reports on tin. area, compares it with lho
Lake Superior copper region. At Coronation Gulf the copper-bearing belt
is said to bo Hi miles wide and of unknown length, whilo at Bathurst Inlet,
au arm of Coronation Gulf, The area is
said to bo Go miles long with a lviaxl
inula width, of 25 miles. "Taken altogether," says tho Scientific American, "ihe indications are favorable for
fhe existence of high-grade mines as
well as larger low-grade deposits In
this region. "We have, therefore, it Is
probable, a region comparable, let us
say, to the Lake Superior copper region,'on the Arctic shores."
Speaking of the possibilities of mining enterprises in lho northern field,
llie late Dr. James Dougless, who
headed an expedition in 1911 to investigate the copper deposits, at. the
meeting of the Canadian Mining Institute in 1D1?,, said:
"One has to recollect'that "for many
years ihe Keweenaw ' promontory . of.
.Michigan was cut off from "all .com-
.-municaiioii'with the .market" except
during the comparatively.-few months
of open "navigation;, that-supplies of
fuel.and merchandise "were conveyed
. by water io the' mines before navigation closed, and that, the .copper ac-'
'.cumulated on tlio peninsula until navi-
'"gallon." "opened . the f following   spring.
r The "-open season-was- of -course' longer
��� -than it would be'in" thef Arctic-.Ocean,-
V*iud"-ilic- cliiiiatc of the-Arctic'is more
, Severe than!' ih 'Michigan,-*thc'..Lhe'rmo'-
��� "meter- ni*.o'ppii_g,_occa.sioiia)ly to -10 and
T.O .deg..below;5_ero.' "Tho fall-of snow,
��� however, a.s reported on ilie Beasts
' I.Ivor, did udt-jit any time exceed 2 ft-.;
.'an.d,7therofore.,,imnin'g, ore iconc'onlra:
tion, and smelting; as welli-sis;.railway
'transportation, .would not befcomluet-
.-,ed -under ; conditions;-n'nich. more oner-
'���ous'than in- the province- of'.Quebec,
-'or in .Michigan,-":.'- '      .'-''.      -. "'"   '���
Must Be Cared For Or We P-ay tlie
Price
Kach human uuit, is boni with a
certain amount of vitality.. He i.s allotted a certain number of years of
life. Like a marvr-llous piece of
mechanism (au automobile, for Instance) ho is capable of lasting a certain number of yours.
A  high-powered  automobile   in   the
I hands of a careful chauffeur will  be
| useful  many  years longer  than  if it
were cared for by one who is ignorant
i or neglectful.
This marvelous human machine or
ours needs even greater care than an
automobile. If you are a good human
chauffeur; if you know how to feed
tiie. human fire box. tho stomach; it
you know how to keep tho human carburetor, the lungs, in proper condition; hi other words, if you have, the
information essential to maintain the
human mt'elianism in perfect repair,,
and if you fulfill your duty in connection therewith conscientiously and
carefully, you are fitted for long life.
Many burn the candle at both ends.
They try to crowd tho experience of a
whole lily into a few years. They,
too, have to pay an early penalty.
Tho Inws are fixed definitely. They
are as unyielding as adamont. There
can bo no deviation, no favoritism.
You break those laws, you pay the
price.���Xew York Evening Graphic.
-'-. ,f. ._' ,_-��� Sure" Grounds.-, ,f ��� - f.-f .--
: Judge.���."Have -you\.-good'.grounds
against "tiiis.fman- For, your."breach of
promise-suit-?"'. --"'������"'*��� .-."'""'_
*. -.Liza.���r'.'Deedf Ah has. Ah promise
cd.mahself.to marry datf.man, and.-he
Hin.'t nevah'askod. nie.-to.'V'f  '.  W
'���".*-" St. Peter's Cathedral; Rome,, ran accommodate 5-l,00t\wbrsMppers.'    '   V
Many-  churches  * in "Germany.
��� ''quipped* with, bells of- bast steel. ���
WOMAN'
Weather  Records  From  Trees
Every   Event   Is   Recorded   In   Rings
Says Arizona  Professor
Professor A.' 13. Douglass, of tlie
University of Arizona, in the annual
report of the Smithsonian Institute:
gives a description of trees as prehistoric almanacs, giving weather reports
for ages when there was no other
weather bureau io record them.
Professor Douglass' studies sire, based on minute examination of annual
rings of trees. -Beginning with the
common knowledge that Iheso rings
are formed at the rate of one a year,'
the light, porous section growing in
thc spring when there is plenty of
water, .and tlio denser part, when the
summer drought comes, ho wont: on to
study, tho effect'-of. years of drought ns
compared with-years, of plenty, of ac-
cidenLs to tlie roots, of fires and of attacks of disease. Kvery oveut in the
life.- of fa 'tree lefl.,i.s record iu the
rings.'-. . ":..-=. =���-.'.'-
��� ; "Weather records of tho iinio of ilie
discovery of.America, of.Ibc-Crusadcs,'
pf-fthe .Norman, invasion "of ..England,
and of- (tven'moro remote periods,-can
be road. o.u manyffstiinips��� iii.Calii'orjiih.
French Is Secondary .
.'-:.". Language In France
Sixty Per. Cent.������"of"-'-.Population -Uses
; .'. Dialect .'of."Provinces.-,",
-f According, to Bernhard Kayner,."v.-j*p
���hits . miid.e ��� a .study, '.of ft ho -' .subject,
Pi-ouch is" a.- secondary language"for
���p'ei*b"nps;.C0- per cent.', of tlio -population
of,-Franco. ��� - Mi*. Eayiter. says:
., -The French peasant, who.se ."substantial virtue's 'incarnate-the' real strong, h-
of France, in most, .ca'sess never "speaks
French. p;cept.-wheti-l!e'-is-obliged-to.
He-can.speak.French,- but jh.his daily
life * he"; does not-, dp': so."-" ��� -When ���. ho
speakers ��� to iiis-' wife, .to" .Iiis children,
his neighbors, or his.-p'riestf ii.is' in
the patois or dialect'of- Iiis' province.. -
-. In the Fi't-nch -.'country schools,'the
average child, "begins."" his /"education
'without , knowing, .a ".singlef word of
���French; he-has"-, a. perfect command-.of
patois, butftha.t-;i3. all,.' I discussed,
this problem" wit h the ���retired", school
master, anil ho told tne-. that/during
forty-years of services-he' had. not .encountered "more than-twejiy. beginning
'pupils who knew French..-    .'- 7 '  ���
New Type of Battleship Will Revolutionise Fighting Machines
Tho design of the battleships Nelson and Rodney, now being built by
I Don't take cliance* ot yonr horses or male*
Croat Britain under lhc provisions of   (wins'  laid   un   with  Distemper,. Influenza,
,,.     , . , , ! I'lnlc   Kj-��,   J.nrj-n��1tl��,   HosiTew,   Coujths   or
the Washington naval treaty,    is    so; ('���[,],,   c;iT��� -sroiC'S" to both tho nick
v_-.-__i,u ._���,_._..,-    .-_....,v.ii,.rr   ._-.   n,n   ?,���___   i "�������'  iil* wel1 ��">����.    1vI"e standard  remedy
i.-%qliuionai>,  vtccoiding  to   the  l_.ou- j for 30 year(,#   gi*��p "HPOMN'S" f����r no* *Din-
don Dailv-Express, that it marks the i temper.     *>��i-i iu t����> .sizes  at drug, store*.
.'���>.". , _ ���'     _        .i    .1 SVOH.V MEDICAti CO, tiOSBES, 1200-
end ol tne dreadnought era, just as tho j  . --.   -  	
dreadnought  marked the end of previous types.
The new ships will be entirely different from any others in the world,
the paper says.      They will be both
floating fortresses and airdromes, aud
will have a radius of action covering
thousands ��� of   miles.     Nine   sixteen-
inch guns will be-, mounted on each in ,
three turrets, all forward.     There will;
be no guns on thc after-part, which .
will constitute a flight deck, and Unships will, carry their own flying corps
and planes.
Another feature, the Express says,
is that there piobably will be no funnels, the waste of the furnaces being
discharged through pipes running
alongside ilie stern.
Tho distribution of the armor will
also bo revolutionary. Tlie magazines���like ihe guns���being all forward, and <is the usual armor bolt extending for three parts of ihe ship's
length wiil be. unnecessary, the weight
���save on the .'ides���can be added to
the deck protection against high-angle
fire ;tnd aerial bombs. There will
also be possibly- more than one armored dock, thus giving successive means j
of protection.
Hopes  To  Increase
Scientific  Knowledge
Berlin   Professor  Thinks   Analysis  of
Water for Minerals May Prove
Valuable
Prof. Fritr. Naber, of the University
of Berlin, the inventor of thc Ilaber
process for ihe Fixation of nitrogen,
who created somewhat of _i sensation
some time ago with the announcement
that hc had devised a method of extracting gold from sea water, now is
in tho United State:* following this
same lino, of research.
Prof. Ilaber has requested the United States Bureau of Fisheries to furnish liini samples of the coastal waters
o'f tho North American, continent for
analysis. .:
lie explained lo Bureau of Fishen'ea'
oflicials, however, that he no longer
considers his experiments as commercially valuable and is pursuing thorn
only with the hope of increasing s��"*ieti-
.tifi'e knowledge;- >-',-""'���'; ."���'- . -
,: Analysis'of. water'as',to'iis mineral,
quantities may prove u valuable asset
to- 'oceanography;'- Prof. Haber- believes,'just, as analysis of rocks is-vnUi-
CanadVs Early Currency
Playing Cards Were Used As Cash In
1714      '   F
Playiiig cards were currency, in'Canada a little more than 200 years ago.
A jack of diamonds or si six of spades
with tho-'Vignaturc of tlio Governor of
New France on.the back or across the
face, (.together with the value of the
particular bit of pasteboard, would
procure the esesntiails of life or perhaps some of the luxuries the Crinada
of-1714 had to offer.
The playing card currency did not
last long, and. today "there are only
a few tattered fragments of it in
.existence," ;md these are thc properly
of the Government of France. Dr.
(!. A. Dought, Dominion archivist,
who has recently returned to Can-
ad;, with trunks full of treasures of
historical significance, has brought
back accurate copies of the playing
������ard money. While in Franco he
had an artist iaake^ reproductions of
lho fragments. The actual card
money was very common in Canada
in the early part of thc ISth century;
and in the nrchives there are many
pieces of the plain cards with the writing required to make, thorn negotiable
upon them, but tho playing cards were
less common. Dr. Doughty feels that
the copies'brought-back to Canada will
be most valuable as . records and of
particular Interest to any: person
carrying on research into t.*e origins
of currency in Canada.
able"- to. tiie. geologist, in tracing the i'.
Success Depends On Initiative   ���
Waiting   For  Orders  Will   Never  Get
7 You Anything
One of the greatest improvements of
the automobile is the self-starter. This
device, suggests the reflection ihat' a
very large proportion of the hufnan
family require- something of like nature. They lack initiative,-voluntary
effort.'"' They needf cranking, in the
form of orders or directions, before doing anything \vorih while.
The men and women who succeed
best in. life and got tlie most out of
it aro of the sell'-starier- type. " Tliey
(don't wait-to be told or advised, what
to undertake, but proceed of their .own
accord to .do things. -'-    .
-The.great inventors, such as Edison, arc all \>f this sort, "-They.are
originators,-  not    more .followers or
Noted Waiter's Flight
From London to Paris
Why Plane Remains In Air Puzzle To
Yale Professor
William Lyon Phelps, of Vale University, writes as follows in Scrib-
ner's for January :._We flew from London to Paris. For the first time in
my life, I travelled in an airplane.
There is a daily service both ways,
and there aro passengers who take it
as a matter of course. In our. airbus, seme were reading newspapers,
and some were asleep. My own sensations were different from wha't I
had expected. .
xEvery one of us had "boon weighed,
and, assigned to a particular seat in
the airship, with the idea of. trimming
her properly. Pieces of cotton *were
doled out, and our ears plugged so
thattlie noise of the machinery became "a muffled and rather agreeable
accompaniment.
I had supposed that we- should soar
into the air *nnd..skim along like a
���bird.;. But it seemed to mc that we
rose like a freight train, and plodded
through the air with an elephantine
motion. ' This was the only thing disconcerting; 1 wanted to be higher up
and fly faster.
' We had a rather violent hesid wind,
and as the sea was white, it was evidently rough; but, looking down from
fifteen hundred..feet, the waves were
flattened into wrinkles. The whole
journey was an experience I would
not have missed for anything, but. I
still cannot understand why that mass,
containing tons and tons of weight,
remained in the air. I am, however,
glad that it did.   ���
7';' ww^ep *W 7"WW,
HEADACHE, BILIOUSNESS
CONSTIPATIONS V
7V iNDiGESTlbN^'W
KlDNEYSYtlVERv iy
-     ���'���;-: BOWELS VV   v
New   Treatment   For   Colds
Long Distance Forecasting
Can Now Forecast the Weather, a
-Month In Advance ���
Accurate long distance weather forecasting, almost a month In advance,
through "observation of sun spots, is
now practical.' ��� .-
The weather in New Vork City is
now being predicted with .a-remarkable degree of'correctness from three
to 25 days in advance, as the result of
experiments conducted at tho Smithsonian Institution's astrtiphysical observatory ia Montezuma, Chile, according to Dr. G. Ci. Abbott, Assistant
Secretary of the institution.
;'The results are. definite and convincing," Dr. Abbott declared. "Within six months they will; be published
and. will create a world-wide demand
for continuance of the work."
U.S. Brigadier - General Claims
Chlorine Gas Is Antidote
The value of chlorine gas as a curative for colds apparently is a subject
upon wliioh Brigadier-General Fries of
the army warfare service, and Major
Henry Jf Nichols of the army medical
corps, think 'differently.
Major Nichols, in a recent address
before the American Association for
the Advancement of Science, expressed the opinion that use of the gas still
-was in the experimental stage, but
hoped that if could be developed to
where it might be considered an effective cure. "'
Still Enjoying Good
Health at Eighty-one
Newfoundland Man Attributes This
v     To Dodd's Kidney Pills
He  first  began   using .Dodd's   Kidney
Pills twenty-four years ago.
Fortune ilarbour, N'fld.���(Special). '
���No place seems to bo too sr.iatl to
furnish at least one person who is prepared to say that he owes his. health
to the great Canadiiin Kidney Remedy
������Dodd's Kidney Pills; Mr. Richard
Quirk, a well-known and highly re?
specled" resident hei-o, is one of them.
"About 21 years ago I had a. very
severe attack of kidney trouble.**- I
was so ill for three months with an'
aching back.that I was almost, if not
quite, a cripple. 1 began using Dodd's
Kidney Pills .and in six months I was
completely relieved.-       "[ __, "-  ,    '
I am now in my Slst year and am -
still In good health and strong, which
I firmly believe I can attribute to the.
use of Dodd's Kidney Pills so many
years ago."
. Dodd's Kidney Pills have been- successfully usedTor Rheumatism, -Lum- '
bago, Diabetes. Lame Back, Heart Disease and..all illness caused by faulty
kidneys. ''     "       .
history-of'.'different formation;. ;df tin*
'.country.     "- W.      ' '   " .   W "-",-."��� '-:
imitators, and they, rank.ainong
! chief benefactors, fof-  the   world.
New Punishment For Speeders
-.-'���! a t
limit. ,lt
mm
Relieved.; by Lydia E. Pinkham's. Vegetable Compound
". P Verdun, Montreal, Quebec..���-" I am
whe of thousands -who have taken.Lydia-
-R. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound-and
i have great faith, in. it. '* I can 'safely-
eay it- has relieved' thy troubled arid I
shall never be without a'bottie'of it in
my house.    Since [my la'sS_;b"aby was
, horn I suffered frompains and backache
"and would feel so .tired I could not do
. any thins?' -in my home.   Since ' 1" have
��� been taking the Vegetable Compound
; and Lydia E, Pinkham's Blood Medicine
';-] feelfsp different. . Irbcommend it to
all my-friends and hope it'wiil cure other
women who arc suffering, from thetiou-
VUes I had,"���Mrs;Thos. H. Gardner,-
. ��21.Evelyn-'Street, Verdun, Montreal,-.
' Quebec..' ,.  7      , 7 _
-.. "Lydia E.-Pinkham's Vegetable. Com.--
. pound fis a dependable medicine for the
new mother.   It-is prepared fromroots
and.herbs, contains no harmful drugs
and canbe.taken by the nursing mother.
fits worth in restoring the mother, to
norma! health and strength is told agsin
and again in just-'.such letters as -Sirs.
Gardner writes.
��� A .recent canvass ot" women' users of
lhe Vegetable Compound shovrs that
S�� out of every 100 women takic^tfae
jnedicine are "beneStcdl by. it; They
; write and tell ue.so.' Such evidence entitles as'to call it a dependable medicine
for women. It is for sale by druggists
everywhere.' ��� C ..
.   Superstitions About Birds
.Many Ideas of Ourf Forefathers Are
'- '-""' -Still'-Believed '" .'...��� '. '
"Although \\;c live in'a'niatter-bf-fstct
age, not.a- few of. the superstitions' .of
our .'forefathers still sHrviYiy. eays'-a
writer'_in-.a.London pajier: , Many, of
these-have to do-with", birds, and "some
of ihein are. sjill fn*mlj7helicved in by
count ry. folk. ."'..."'-���
It. i'i. quite a- common thing even; to-'
day ;to- hear- .someone, exclaim; "Oh,-
dic! you hear- that owl hooting .-last
night? ��� I hate, to-liear'thijm." . .The
hoot'of the.tawny owl-iuay strike-some
people., as .-"being" weird and-niournful,
but f therb'is no '-niore" foundation for
(iho'idea.tha.t. he i.-s a prophet of evil
than th'-re "i-" for the. notion, that the
barn owl screeching near the" house,
foretells a death in the family.
- Fire Insurance
- Larfi yt.ii*. 1'iarUed tlie '25Sth arihl-
vf-rs-ary, of ihe birth of fire insurance.
Originattd. by Dr. Nicholar Barber,
following tlie tremendous conflagration that"; devastated. London in 166",
it has i.ince become iateiwo-VOn"with-
the whole', fabric of society..  .
Copying"'- state -..Traffic ' Codes., More
.... Effective Thain Fine f-
.; A now.atid c.ffec.iivb fonn of puriiali-.
raent;hits been devised by "a judge in
the siaio of VVashsn'gton, for - motor
istN:.Vyiio_ l.e,\c.c'ed_*7fho_"._.fcpeed
Three -.'young . .nien' .wcrev'recentiy
broujjiit before liini, eacli-cliargod >vlth
driving, automobiles'--at - an .exceshlye
spt'e'd.:'- instead., bf lining f.'tliem 'or
sending' tliein to'-prison.-they were sentenced bj;.the ju'dgc'to. copy in'long-
hanf-thef Stat'c.-Tra.fTsc- Codes. ������ The
law "Ik-15,000 words' long;" and the judge
believes.."that 'this.- punishment,.will, fit'
lhe crime. ��� .��� .  - --. '-���- ':;.-."' - -'--..'    _ ' "
Where Radio Is Useless      ,
Impracticable.-- Between' Entombed
Miners' .and ..'Surface- Rescue-'.-
'. . ~X'X~- ��� ���- : '. Parties -ff "V V ."f-.f
Radio, as a"fmcan.s.of..'c;oininun.icaiioH-
between entombed'- miners and surfaci*'
rescue parties -.has proved ihipractio-';
able,' the. Interior Dept. announced iri
describing' Bureau of Mines ex'pfcrb
'inonts'extending over "several years:' ���
.' High power equipment ��� necessar.y
for conimunicajiori _oyer': distances "ol
even 3,000;. to.2,000. feet liiVqiigli strata-
the bureau said, would: be .too.heavy,
bulky ��� and fcomplicated," and';. at''- the.
same UbW'iub ('ragilejan'd^delicaln-for
-practical requirements.".'-      ,;���  ���    :..,'
.the
So
it 33,111 business," literature, artr the
various industries, f; and, -in; factf all
occupations,.- Success.hi"-each is dependent- chiefly '.upon originality or
initiative.^-Kacrainenfb-Bee;
.. W Toronto's Population, ���". '--��� f.
-'.'According to-an analysis-presented
;i meeting'-of the 332-1. council; the
pbpuhtti'bnrof"Toronto lastfyear total_-".
led 542,187. fThWinci-oase.fin ten
years Is given'as 72,030 and in twenty
years'316,142.7" ' . VV"... '���'��� " . ," _���
f Further ."."statistics state fthore arc
i'57,000 -Anglicans in' Toronto.; J'17,101
Presbyterians;- 80,008'.-Methodists; 56,-
'956' lloman!Catb'olics; 3'3|'22D"Hebrews;
and 23,192 Baptists; .     * }    -X ' '   -XX,.
... Launch Seagoing'Submarine" ,
f A seagoing .-submarine'; -the .-V-2,
viil'cji; ."with"- her Bister ship;'the V-l,
can' a'ccb.m'paiiy - .a - battle fleet'.into
a'ctionr"undei* any-conditions in'.;-wiilch
the licet can- fight,,-was .'launched at
the Nayy Yard at Portsmouth,. NIH.
Each Of tlicsO .-vessels -is. twice.'as- large-
as any previously'constructed in "the.
.United States. ' The V.Wis 34.1 feet 6
inches oyer' ail- and displaces 2,1 (jl
tons-on" the surface, f       '��� 7 .......    .-
Afog^bell that-isfaffected by danip-
nes-H, of atmosphere id being installed
along.tbe cpas.w."* f   '���''������, xXz;'    .-"'.:
J LITTLE HELPS FOR
j THIS WEEK
��� In-the day. when I cried Thou un-
swe'redst me, and strengthonedst mc
with 7slreugth . ju .my sou!.���,Ps.
exxxviii., 3.  ���      - ' V       -���.-".
. 'DearfJLord, what can I do?     I come
;'  "���" to 'ihee;. -'  --..".'
I have none other helper.) ."Thou art
-   --'free. ' .'��� y--   '. [   X.y,   ..
To" save me or to kill.     Butf appeal
To-Thy dear love, which' cannot; else.
v.--*' . wisedeal.    f f f...   '   '.-
Than  prove 'Thyself my .Mend, Thy
*'. -vrlll my weal. -.-- - -
._--_._.f^_.._;���-'������-���.���:Henry-G.'. Sutton-i-
My. ��� mind-showed"' inc it was just
such " as I-^tlic helpless,' who."feel
themselves" helpless���that God especially .inyitcs.to c-oine to.llim,-and offers
all;..the- riches; of. Ilia" salyatioh^not
forgiveness -.f'oiilj'-^-fbrgivene'ssf- would
be worth little if it left- us under the
power -of - our .-evil .passions-���but
strength;, that strength which enables
us to conquer..sin.-  .,'...;    '.';������'
* ".' -- --,���George Elioii .
-- .-'. r-T-wo SumrTotals '"/-'���
Tlie sum7,to'tal - of. 29-'cents of bur
naval expenditure is just about,"equal
tb the sum. total of ' the-. self-respect
we should claim.fif. Canada continues
to. sponge on. the b'ther' parts- of the
Empire"/-' particularly ' the desperately
taxed" British. ".isiesC���St. Catharines
Standard, fnd.      "  ,-' "'���_"-.
-  The-,' .trouble-. -,withf Vthe'-. man. who
knows -nothing is." that- he - is" always
llie last-to find if out-- ��� ";.-* '-.-'��� -���- ' -_.'
For Amateur Radio Operators c
Special VVave Lenflth Is Reserved For
Inter-Dominion Work
. Canada hastaken .the lead over the
other Dominions in reserving a special,
wave for inter-Dominion amateur
work; and the Radio Branch of the
Department of-Marine and Fisheries
stated that a wave length of 125
metres Is being specially reserved for
Canadian amateur transmitting stations .for trans-Canada and inter-
Dominion radio work.
His Part
- Judge: "Are you trying io show conr
tempt for the court"".
Gustus: "No, I'm Irving to conceal
il."   . '' -V      -
*'-���-,    Good Prices For Pelts
.  Hundreds of coyote, skins are being
received at Calgary.   . Due to the cold
weather the pelts are hi fine condition
and are "bringing good prices." ���   *-. .-,"
V- " " ,"��� Alberta Honey': *���
f Production of honey is appearing for
tlie.- first "time-iii" the annual-.lable.'.of
fhe-Alberta-agricultural products. - It
Is estimated., that- there are -now' 160-
beekeepers' in 'f Alberta'-" and ".that 'the
production" lor.'- the', pasct 'season ..was
55,000 :!b.V or about -?13.'000;in--yalue': -
Best For Coughs & Colds
Minard's gives quick  relief for.
.coughs and colds,.grippe, influ-
f enza, etc.-. . Madame J..Edmond .
Ppitras^ of Faubpurg, St. Jean
lite'., Quebec,5 is only'oue ofhun- -
[i dreds who highly recommend it.-.
.. She .writes as follows;.
7- "After .-having-  tried'   several
-   syrups and-rubbing lotions, for ':
ff cough. I consider'-that "IVTinard'o'.
alone gives satisfaction.     I'also'-
---  value "iff for warts^fwhich'L-haye
' quickly removed with' Minard's.!'-'.
���-MINARD'S: LINIMENT".
f  Manitoba Salt Industry -
. A charier has been issued  to the-
Manitoba Salt .-"Co. Ltd., ..capital. stock ���
$500,000, ; by; the   Provincial -' Govern-:
ment, for the'' purpose off' developing
sait-bearing property in the vicinity'bf
Neepawa;'.Manitoba;. '..'
iV-
U.   15��*
. Tlie u?e Oi a continuous tread tractor drive iii; winter time-has made possible 'i-eguiarfinoiorit-sr postal service
ia Finni-jb Lapland. *: 7 -.
'.Wheat' Via.Vancouver , f
According to' estimates made by Cal- j
gary- grain men,-approxiniatcly- 20,000,-
000' bushels .of wheat;will-be. shipped.
via Vancouver1 before,tlie close*of'tiie.
[grain shipping ��� sfc'ason next.-July. '' Vp
to the - end of. December,..0,476,00.0
bushels had been, actually-shipped and
at" the. present. tim,>* 2,10t>;000 bushels
have ber.i booked.for January loading."
Not Much Chance
An n.s'cripiiou placed below (he pic-1
ture of a r-w&sH'i* in a tavern -iwirn j*v-!
cently . c-xcavatc-d at Pompeii, Italy, j
road's as follow..-.:_ "When tbis rooster.;
crow?, w<j'll give credit." |
' Renewable steel wire brushes- make |
up the head of a broom tisat has beea!
patented for scrubbing .floors or au*��r.U
surfaces. !
lAnguidgirls
IIIS
They Give New Vitality "and more.
'..'   When girls.become breathless, languid and. pale, par-;'.,
onts should -take, prompt .-steps,;, for- delay means, danger..;
.The girl in. her ."teens" cannot'd weiop. into robust, happy. V
womanhood without abundant, rich red blood hi h'T-vc-iu?,.
and .it"is. the'lack, of .this. that, isf the great trouble'*;with -
moxt girls.-":.;They grow.anaemic; depressed-aridAveak.'-wiilif
'nu'appetitei-and no interest in life.  .'" ,.  -'.,..      ,.'��� 7''-"*  f ���"
��� f-. Evpry anaemic, girl: who" is struggling to Svomanhpod iii
a' poor'-'state...otHhealth". .can'.find.'.spleridld,-' vigorous? health. '���
with, glowing-c'b.ceks and '_.parkling- eyesrin.T)r. \Villfams'.'
i'lnk Pills':- -'For these fpiHs npfonly'Increase tlie supply;of"
sick, red7blood;   they create appetite, relieve ihe weary
back'.and'limbs, restore full womanly health-and charm,
and so transfprni pale, anaeiiiiq" girls .into-robust;, happy
women.       ���".- . ,"���-     ���;.,.''-���'-;'-' '-���  -
So if you Vrn anaemic-let.Dr'._Williams',-Pink- Pills_ help "
vou as tliey did Miss - Clara Clicslock, High Falls, "Que.,
who -.ays:���������-Before.; I- took Dr.'.WilHamB'.Pink/Pills I \��s
pale, bloodless and badly mn-down-. The.Jeast txertioii,
would tire me and my appetite was fickle.. A short trc-aJ-
ment with Dr. Williams' Pink .Pills has changed all ibis
and_I arn noyr. .enjoying-the best of. health, for*.which joii
liave my "sincere: thanks;" -' -   �� H
IHE   LEDGE,   GlIlCl'NWOOD^ B. G
contind:
of improving
stocks of seed
m&
Saskatoon.���"The .,;'progress ire
Jhave-made in the past in field husbandry is only a foundation on which
to build greater things for the future,"
declared Prof.. Manley ..Champlin, pro-
. lessor of-iWd-husbandry at the University of Saskatchewan in aitaddress
on "Looking forward in field husbandry" at the agricultural societies
convention. "At the university, wo
must continue to study the fundamental principles of crop rotation and soil
' productivity. We must continue to
test new varieties of field crops and
compareethem with the old ones to
prevent frauds being perpetrated and
to piovu the value of really superior
productions of the plant breeders art.
We must continue io produce elite
stocks of seed of the best varieties,
giving lliem every attention that unremitting toil and thought can give.
"We must keep on trying to develop,
through scientific plant breeding
methods, vaiieties that are better for
our conditions thau any wo now have.
The 'future of the field is unlimited.
We need a rust resistant wheat that
will also be resistant to blights of various kinds and that will possess a
sturdy si raw and good milling quality.
That is a large order, but with the
wonderful advance that has been made
in the science of plant breeding during recent years, it ought to be within
ihc range of possibility. -We now
have rust resistant varieties of wheat
but all of them possess somo serious
defect.- For example: Acme wheat
resists rust hut it is susceptible to
blight; Kola wheat resists rust but
lodges-, basily; Pentad wheat resists
rust -but is of poor market quality;
Kanred wheat is very early and dodges
rust but does not yield as well as tho
medium or late varieties.
Optimistic Outlook
Conditions Now-Better Than At Any
Time Since tbe War
Winnipeg.���"An optimistic outlook
i-* better justified now than at any
lima since "tlie war," slated Premier
John Bracken in addressing the Manitoba agricultural societies convention.
As reasons for his statement the
premier cited tho Improved world con
ditions on tho acceptance of the
Dawes' reparations plan, tho greater
stability in England and the United
States consequent on recent elections,
the improvement in rates of exchange,
malting Canada a better field for capi
nil, and Use increased purchasing pow-
.it of the farmer's dollar.
Endorsed Proposal
For Trade Relations
British Guiana Will Send Representative To Ottawa Conference
Georgetown, British Guiana.���The
commercial Interests of British Guiana
tendered a^reunion to    Hanco    J.
Logan, M.P., special Canadian commissioner here, and .strongly endorsed
his proposal for closer trade relations
between this country and Canada.
The invitation conveyed by Mr.
Logan from Pn micr King, of Canada,
to send delegates to attend a joint conference to be held at Ottawa next
s-pring was cordially accepted.
Received Thanks From Prince
London.---William Phillips. European manager of the Canadian National Railways with headquarters in London, was received by "the Prince ol
��� Wales at ,St. James' Palace. Tlie
Prince expressed his thanks for the
arrangement**, made- for his comfort
and convenience on the C.N.U. during
bis trip in the Dominion last autumn.
Money Makes Berlin Grow    . ."7
���    Berlin.���Since*tho\r��nte*tim"ark was
- 'stabilized, Berlin lias become'a better
flty iri which to -live/-.   Such; would
'  s<>cm to be the opinion..of-at. Icjist 42,-
SS5 Germans who swelled'the .-popular
tion of the capital during the first nine
months of ISM.  ,
Value Of Horticulture
Makes For Permanency of Farm Life
In Western Canada
Winnipeg.���"Among chief obstacles
to be encountered, in agricultural progress on the prairies is the idea of
making a fortuno rapidly, aud -> then
going elsewhere to live," stated Dean
WV C. McKilllcan,' Manitoba .Agricultural College, at the annual baqnuet ot
the Manitoba-'���Horticultural'and..Pores-
try Association "liere..- "Twenty years'
observation leads.mef io ,believe tliat
prairie farming is too often successful,
and short, or unsuccessful and_ discontented. The development of horticulture is/among the chief means of
overcoming this obstacle. Beauty
and comfort in home surroundings
with homo grown foods, attach those
responsible for them to the place
where these are produced. With better homo building, of which horticulture is the very heart, agriculture.becomes permanent."
Propose Larger Annuity    -
For Dr. Chasf Saunders
Ottawa.---John Miller, M.P. for
���Qu'Appelle,- will propose "a* resolution this session to provide an annuity of. ?i,000    to    Dr.    Charles
���'���'. Saunders discoverer of Marquis
wheat. Mr. Miller considers the
$1,200 upon, which Dr. Saunders
was retired to bo utterly inadequate considering ihe millions thaf*
f havejjoen made out of the product   ���
of his. research. .    -
Constipation
3>o&'t let constipation poison your blood
and curtail yooreoagy.
If yoar liver smd fo
don't work prop-j
erly  take
CARTER'S
if (tie 14 yer
Fills  today'
��� nd   four
trouble -ttiS-    	
$e relieved.   For  dizziness; lack of
appetite, headache sad blotchy eksj
try them.  Purely vegetable.
Ss-aU POI���&ossH Diws���Sua*!* ?��&)
C.N.R: Contemplating
Branch Line Programme
Question- of Western Extensions to
Come Before Parliament Soon
���Ottawa���A branch line, programme
is contemplated by the Canadian National Railway for the forthcoming
���-���epsion of parliament. The particular linos'* for which the parliamentary,
sanction will be sought are .not yet
definitely indicated, but so far as the
west la concerned," it is believed that
practically all of 'the projects rejected
by the senate, ls.pt May will be renewed. It will lie argued anew that Uie
lines are required as "feeders for ,tiic
national .system and for development
and colonization purposes generally.
It is doubtful if some of the eastern
projects are revised.     -���
Sir Henry Thornton has been in conference with Hon. O. P. Grabam.     -
W.   N.   U.   1560
Natives Of India
May Cause Trouble
Greatly    Angered    Over    Export    of
Monkeys Says Report
London.���The native, extremist papers of India have started a campaign
against the wholesale exportation of
monkeys, which has reached remarkable dimensions in recent hionths, according lo the Daily.Telegraph's Calcutta correspondent, who predicts that
this propaganda will arouse angry
feeling among the Hindus, millions of
whom worship monkeys.
The editorial warns, the government
that unless it forbids this "devilish
trade" it will have a terrible responsibility when the consequences of tlie
popular indignation become manifest.
Grade Wheat for Milling Value
Suggest That Saskatchewan Government Establish  Laboratory
Saskatoon, Sask.���A resolution requesting the provincial deparlme"nt oi*
agriculture to investigate the feasibility of establishing a 'laboratory to
study and eslablisira system whereby
wheat might be graded according to
'its milling value" was passed here by
the Saskatchewan *Field Husbandry
Association.
"If we cannot continue to produce
seed on a" scale satisfactory to ourselves we will have to dissociate ourselves from the Canadian Seed Growers' Association and run- our own
business in our own way,", declared
Prof. Manley Champlin, secretary, addressing the meeting. -Prof. Champlin warned the .association (.hat a
movement was on foot to' limit the
acreage assigned in each province foi
elite seed production, to five acres.
This prohibitive resolutio^, hc said,
would be brought before the CfS.G-.A.
when it meets in Edmonton during the
coming summer.
Will Not Alter Rating
Railway Commission Decides Classification of Liquor Will Stand
Winnipeg.���Application for a reduction in the classification rating of
liquors which was made on behalf of
iho Manitoba liquor commission before the railway.commission last November, has been refused,-according
lo advices received by" the Canadian
Freight Association in Winnipeg.
The judgment ot the board slates:
"Until conditions warrant a different
conclusion, we think the present class
ifieation should stand. The" application, iherefore, Is refused."
Famine Report Exaggerated
Adequate Relief Measures Have Been
Taken In Korea
Tokio.���Seoul, Korea, reports that
have be-on circulated to the effect that"
3,000,000' persons havo been famine
stricken are greatly exaggerated, according to announcement In government circles.' While.admitting the
cxit-'tciico. of famine conditions in
Korea, duo to the failure of lho rice.
.crop, .government officials. aro, inclined to* mini mine, reports or suffering.
Adequate 'relief; measure.'*. have been
taken, it-was paid.-
Settlers For Saskatchewan
London.T���A .large . fsiihily. named
Bradley, belonging'-.to' .IMford, Xot-
tlng'ha'iusliircv is omigra'iing_,tb Saskatchewan under- tlie govenimeht migration fschenie., .Tlre family'consists 01
35 members,'.'and .lakes in three gen-"
orations,- all having had -farming "experience.';     7-7- 7- ' ;   X
PAYMENT TO
CANADA UNDER
THE DAWES PLAN
Ottawa.���Canada will .receive five
thousand pounds sterling per year less
from the annuities payable under the
Dawes plan as a result of the agreement signed at fhe inter-allied financial conference, which provides for
the United States being paid 2<4 P��'
cent, of all payments, it was slated
m oflicial'circles here.
Generally speaking, the belief is expressed ihat the whole question has
been' dealt with very* satisfactorily,
insofar as Canada is concerned. When
the matter was investigated personally hy an ofileial of the Dominion
Government in Noyember^ list, tho
position of Canada did not appear to
be at all clear. in the first place,
the, amount' paid Jor the benefit of
ihe British Kmpire was very difficult
to estimate, on "account -of tlie- cost
of the armies of occupation and the
priorities of llelgium and Italy. Furthermore, it was not settled whether
the amount received by the United
Kingdom, under the German Reparations Recovery Act, would be taken
'into consideration, and 'payments
made to Canada. ""This alpo applied
_(q_delivery_in_kind_c_ f____ __-	
Canada receives 4.85 per cent, of
all moneys received on behalf of the
Uritish Empire, whether paid under,
the German Recovery Act by delivery
inkind, or by direct payment of cash
reparations from what ls known as
lhc transfer commission at Berlin.   .
Many Die In Earthquake
Four ' Villages    Destroyed    and    140
People Killed in Caucasia
..London.���Four villages   have   been
destroyed, and  110 people lulled, "in
an earthquake at Ardahan, in Trans-
Si ail from Constantinople.
'The dispatch adds that 2,000 perrons
are homeless, with the temperature
are homelcs**, with lho tcmeperaturo
22 degree's, Fahrenheit, below m;o.
Earth shocks.:aro continuing intermittently." -     '   y
Britain's   Well-Beloved Actress
'Arrange Anglo-French
Debt Conference
Ellen Terry, who became a Dame of
the Order of the British Empire, at the
New Year's distribution of honors.
Coolness May Result
From Soviet Policy
Tension Between French and' Russian
Governments Is Reported
^ Paris.���That .here is some tension
between France and the Russian Soviet Government, 'was indicated by
Premier Herriot, when he told reporters" that "it tho Soviets continue to
carry out a Soviet policy in France,
a coolness might result." M. Herriot
said that the instructions carried to
Moscow by Joan Herbette, ihe new
French ambassador to Russia, contained this information to the Soviet
Government, The tension arises
mainly from ��� a speech made *by M.
Zionvii.'fi, president of the Third Internationale, dictating to-the French
Communist parry iho policy it should
follow.
Must Not Eat Raw Oysters
Chicago.���Eating    raw , oysters    in
Share-selling Sharks
Protection   .Sought    For    People    of
Saskatchewan  Against  Worthless
Companies
Rogina.���Protection Js���boing sought
for the people of Saskatchewan
against share-selling tharks employed
by worthless Dominion ''���ompitnies
operating under Dominion charters.
The Saskatchewan Legislature unanimously endorsed a resolution authorizing* tho. Provincial Government,
in co-operation with other Provincial
Governments, to continue to xuga upon
the Dominion Government the necessity for asking tho Pailiament of Canada to pass legislation giving the provinces power to control and roguiate
within tbeir own borders the sale of
shares of all coinpanip.:.
Begins To Regret Treaty
Australia Thinks Arrangement With
Canada Too One-sided-
Melbourne, Australia.���Although the
reciprocal tariff with Canada was received first with.enthusiasm and was
ratified by the Federal Parliament by
a vote_oi"-35-to 7��� ihe feeling iu-busi-
ness- circles now is IfSsi buoyant.
- The tariff board reported as follows:
"The proposals are admittedly - of
greater immediate benefit "to Canada
than to Australia. Raisins and currants are lho only lines in which we.
can expect, lo do extensive business.
Tho one great concession,, one which
Canada is very anxious to havo, is
tho open-market in AuMraJi.i for newsprint."
No Money to Waste
-Toronto.���Declaring that there were
many demands on the Federal Government- for improvements in various
parts of the country, Hon. Dr. J. TI.
King, miutetcr of public works, tokl a
delegation of city official:*, harbor com
missioners and city members of parliament that consideration would~only
bo given this year to works of tho
greatest urgency. > ' '
Cattle  Disease Spreads
Malnioe, Sweden.���The epidemic of
Chicago hcncHforth will bo punishable Hhe hoof and mouth disease in Skaan?,
by a fine of $23, Corporation Counsel South Sweden, has already caused the
Buseh has ruled. - Health Coium*?
sioner .Bind��-son announced he wa.<
starting, to post warning signs.
The    state
forbidden  ilu:
slaughtering of 30,000 head of cattle,
invoh ing losses of nearly S2.000.000.
A mimb'.i* of Sweden's most'valuable
health dtr-partnu-in ha.V.prize-bivtdins   animals "have " become
eating- of raw
oy_. torsi victims of iho disease, and all u-xport.
live cm tie L-* prohibited.
'. 'Protests. Potato Embargo .
, Ottawa.���Hon."' W. R /.Motherwell,
.minister'-.of agriculture,;'forwarded a
cable'. io\ thef.high commissioner at
London, protestib^againstany proposed embargo being-placed on the shipment of-potatoes from .Canada, and
asking "for-further official information
on the matter. V . .
because of typhoid fever cases'which jof
have   been   tra#*l   to   eating t'ie bi-J
1 valve?.' ' X   ' j
High-Seed Standard -' jkeung products from all-parts of
Furthering Empire Commerce
Otiawa.���Improved methods of mar-
the
Seed Standard
Saskatoon. ��� Exhibits this j ear a) i Empire in" Great Britain, is expected
the .annual provincial seed lair ,worn j to be the ba_*is of deliberations, by fhe
of an exceptionally high sta*daVd and imperial economic coiiiiiiiltee, to be
competition tho keenest in years. Seine jicconsiituted shortly. - Canada is-<*.\-
of the Marquis'wheat shown excelled | pected i'o receive particular benefit in
the standard of ivternational prize I rrade expansion from the proposal,
winning s*ted at.Chicago, in the opinion of the judges.
Australia's Population 6,000,000
Increase Jri Wheat Crop
Ottawa.���A cablegram received from]
the international institute "of agricul-j
ture, Home, states that the production j    Melbourne.���The Australian popula- ] l��eth  was  discovered
of wheat in Australia is J62,000,f<001 tion Is now approximately six millions.!of the Syndicate
bushel:1,   compared   with - 123,654,<H>0 and is increasing at tfc
Saved the Teeth
Edmonton.���Cased safely in a tum-
bfer-shaped cake of ice, a. bet of false
in   the  debris
Block br a tenant
by a night fire
rate of 2 peri who was driven out
last year, and 303,208,000 the average-!cent, annually.      The -iarg^.-t dry 15}which completely demolished bis suite
of the previous firajesrs. jgydney with a population of 3,000,000. 'io tbe top fioor a few days ago.
f London. ��� An Anglo-French
debt conference will meet in Feb-
rurary or March, according to an
Exchange --Telegraph Company,
message from Paris. If the conference' should be held, it would
mark Great -Britain's'- acceptance
of the: United .States thesis thar,
the various war debts are subjects
best settled between the creditor
and the debtor,, and not through
round table conferences of all the
nations concerned in thf* war
against the central powers. '
EQUALIZATION OF
FRaGHTKATE
ISDEMAN
Loses Life In Storm
Girl
Mountain    Climber    at    Denver j
Overtaken   By   Blizzard
Denver, Colo.���An effort to scale tbe
east face of Long's Peak in unfavorable weather, a previously unaccomplished feat, cost the life- of Miss
Agnes ��� Vaille, secretary of the Denver Chamber of Commerce, intrepid
mountain climber, nnd daughter of F.
C. Vaille, retired Denver millionaire.
Herbert Sortland, member of a
searching party, was lost iu seeking
Miss Vaille, and other parlies plowing through snow drifts in the face ot
a raging blizzard and temperature of
50 degrees belovr zero in search lor
him had but little hope of finding hjm
alive.
Canada's Financial Outlook
President of Bank of Commerce Holds
Optimistic View
Toronto.���"Surely wo may look for a
gradual, if slow, Improvement and wc
confidently hope that Itsbcoming- is nor,
to bo much Ibnger deferred," said Sir
John Aird, president of the Canadian
Bank of Commerce, summing up his
opinion of Canada's financial and business outlook for tho year at the annual
meeting of the shareholders of the
bank here.
Sir John,called attention lo tlio fa<.c
lhat commercial failures in Canada
had decreased, there had been a groat
'Regina.���Declaring Unit the west
was "footing the bill", for the east, and
not the east.Tor the west in the matter ol' freight rates, Allan D. Picket
(Government, Dattleford) moved a
resolution, which was u nanimously
adopted, urging lire Saskatchewan
Government to secure statutory pro-
1 vision Ior tho equalization ol. freight
rates and also the equalization of
rales affecting different points in ihe
province.
Chas. McDonald (Government:,
I Prince Albert) in seconding, dfcliiml
that under present conditions wefO-rn
wheat fields .were of more value to llv_
United Stales ihan ..<> Wefcu-rn Canada.
W. G." Daki'i* (Government, Moo-o
Jaw) suggested lhat as a basis for tlio
complete revision of freight rates, 1 he-
west should agree to "exchange tine
Crow's Nest Pass agreement for :iu-
other statutory agreement prolactins
Western Canada against excessive
freight rates and insuring fair and r< a-
sonable rates to all parts of Canada.
The resolution reads:.
"That this legislature is of opinion,
that the equalization of freight raLu
throughout Canada is Impossible without statutorj provisions for maximum
rate, in those parts of Canada in
which rates aro not controlled by compel itiYo water transportation rates;
and further:
'���That tho government of Saskatchewan s-hould continue its ellorts to insure "-iicn statutory provisions and
also tho. ecjualization ot rates affeelinc.
dlffer--_.it points within the province."
Canada Needs Population
McGill " Professor Says Dominion
'lust Advance or Meet Disaster
St. John, N.R.--That the economic
salvation of Cauada was to be'found
only iu the influx of men and money
baiTest and the '���maladjustment of thc Unto this count ry as pan 01 a scheme
fanners' posilion had been largely 1 which ho described as the economic
corrected." " '   iiritegr.ulon of the British Kmpiiv, was
  'a staU.n_.t2Hi made here by Professor
i Stephen Leacock, of McGill University.-
{Montreal, In au address    before    the
Canadian Club.     Saddled wiih a railway  and  manufacturing system  capable of satisfying the ner-ds of 25,000,-
000 people, the Dominion had but one.
J course anci that was" to go ahead,
j    He urged  that tho  Dominion   w*-.?
I insisting too much on the Shibboleth*-
diversified | of   independence   aud   s-euii-independ-
ser.t- j ence and holding at p.rms length tho
���*��. _
BETTER DAYS
FORTHEFARMER
ARE IN SIGHT
Saskatoon,   Sask.���More
farming, lower production cost*-
pulous regard for lho ba malty -ff con-! British capitalists who could put -fin
tracts, and the maintenance of credir,-country on "its feet. Economy in tit..*
and respect for constituted authority, j Dominion, provincial and civic affairs
were emphasized by President N. 11. jvas absolutely necessary he declared.
Williams of Aberncihy, at tho opening |      "  ���	
of the annual convention of Saskatchc-' hb       s>               /t *.    *��   ..
wan Agricultural Societies bore, as! $&}' DeCORH} OCpamte NatlOR
factors which ultimately v.ill have in  '
govern tht; bubinehs methods of western farmers. ���
Mr.  '\Villiams,  Iu a   temperate re-
Bill   to   Come   Before   Parliament   oi
London-
South Africa
Some     misgivings
hav-
viojvfoif lhe_._jtujuion__of_ agriculture. bcen_.a.roused_ here by_a cablegram,
in*the province, mentioned the im-j from Pretoria".���stating that the govern-
proved financial condition in general.' ment ofthe Union oi-South Africa ir.-
as-evidenced by the returns to fiuan-i tends to Introduce a bill in the South
cial and insurance compani-.s by their' African Parliament dealing with tho
debtors.     While asserting the ability j question of. South African nationality,
of 'Western Canada to experience a
financial metamorphosi*-.almost in one
crop season, Mr. "Williams advocated
the adoption gradually of a system of
farming which would to some extent
make tho farmer less dependent upon
the-eccentricities of weather.
As regaids the various economic
conferences held during the past
year, Mr, Williams described one as a
sort -of controversial merry,-go-round,
but admitted that the September con*
ference'with the government liaddono
much to clear tlio air.
mid creating a South" African'flag.
'J'he cablegram adds that it. Is believed the proposed bill lays down the
principle, that a person wlio becomes
a British subject does not necessarily
become a South African citizen, and,
therefore, if the bill becomes law i'
will create a South African national!u .
, New Lieutenant-Governor
.. Ottawa*���James Robson Dougia.*,
Amherst, N.S., is appointed.lienteuaiH-
governor of Nova 'Bcotia in succession
to Hon. MacCallum Grant, who resigned. The appointment oi Mr. Douglas
dates from,the 21st of this month.'
Parasites* Affect  Livestock
Saskatoon.���"Tho   extent   and -var-
ieiy of parasite:-; injurious; to livestock
as demonstrated in the researches car
ried on ai  the new laboratory devoted io tho luvvsligatioir-nf animal i.l-,-
eases was another proof of the value
of tho rericajeh work cariied on _it Uil.
university Jo the agricultural industry
of the province.      It was fuund thar-
the ��*xt��-nt   to  which  thfse  parasite-*
were   affecting   young livestock w_i>*
much greater than previously realized.
ffiSL
���v-rjef-v __.	
��5K__.i;s.
- One would often give much
' to be able to lay his hands on
directions fer treating seed for
smut, preparing a ration for
laying hens or ior doing a hundred and one , other kinds of
���work about which he has read.
A proper system cs�� preserving
and filing pamphlets would meet
such a need at all times.' Stsch
a system has been devised by
the Department of Agriculture
at Ottawa. It is fully, explained
in "THE PUBLICATIONS
INDEX BOOK" in which the
pamphlets  of  the   Department
Post Office ���
and   other   documents may  be
recorded m classified fashion.
To receive the INDEX
BOOK and a LIST of FREE
PAMPHLETS on ail farming
topics, fill in this" slip and return it. post free to:    -
The Pn?>i;csrt!oBs Branch
Department of Agriculture
Ottawa, Ont*
...7.....Province. .���
���>������.��������*> tit ��������<��������<
W3* THE  LEDGE),  GREENWOOD,   BRITISH COLUMBIA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 22,  1925
t
THE LEDGE
Is $2.00 a year strictly in adrwioe, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.so. always in advance.
G. W. A. SM1TB
Lessee
Communication
CHURCH UNION
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Goal and Oil Notices     7.00
Estray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks     1.00
Certificate of Improvement  n.50
(Where more than one claim appears ii* notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
���      ���   j-
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Transcieut display advertising 50 cent*
an inch each insertion.
Business locals i2>��c. a line each insertion.
Mining News
Mr. M. Taylor an expert mill-
man and assayer has been engaged
by the Boundary Equipment Co.
and arrived in town on Wednesday. He will superintend the installation of an S-ton concentrator
which is due to arrive on Monday
and will have charge of the aBBay
ollice.
A. new LpddlawTDunn compressor
has arrived for the Prince Henry
mine and will be installed in the
near future. The latest type of
Ingersoll-fRand water-liner. is part
of the drill equipment to be used.
J. D. Morrison is in charge of
operations.
A. complete assaying outfit has
been purchased by the Boundary
Equipment Co. froin the B. C.
Assay and Chemical Supply Co.,
of Vancouver and will be put
into immediate, use."       ,-' y   . ���" 7
.. G. S. Walters or J. W. Clarke
will be glade, to; negotiate with
local claim owners for any -milling
ore on hand, lead ore being. spec-f
���ially wanted;. -'W-      ���.'.'' . X -.V V
V Midway, Warbles k')
' '-  i[By the Warbler)-"- "7
For over twenty years the question
of Union between the Congregational,
Methodist and Presbyterian Churches
in Canada has been under careful and
prayerful consideration. The three
Churches have at length given their j
final deliverance and the Union will be
consummated on ihe 10th clay of June..
1925.
Throughout our Boundary country
i. e. from EJholt to Carmi, Christian
Valley and S. W. to Anarchist Mountain the Presbyterian Church has for
the past few years been carrj'ing on
Services for all other than Roman
Catholics and Anglicans. This arrangement will be continued, with this
difference, that from date of Consummation of Union i.e. 10th June next,
the Minister will be a Minister of The
United Church of Canada and members
in full Communion will automatically
become members of that Church.
It is possible that there are some
throughout this wide territory who do
not desire to enter the United Church.
If so, the Minister would be glad to
hear from them. For the present
however, auch members may rest
assured that continuing in fellowship
with the congregations going into the
United Church, in no way disqualifies
them for full membership in 'the Presbyterian Church of Canada, i.e. the
seceding bod}'. In the event of Church
members moving from this district, the
Minister will gladly furnish Letters of
Introduction or Disjunction Certificates, and such' transfer's-*will vbe
honored by all or any Protestant
Christian Congregations. *
No vote was taken in this district,
but on several occasions the Minister
made statements regarding the Union
question. No one expressed a desire
for a vote, therefore with the mother
congregations of .the Presbyterian
Churches in Canada we become part of
The United Church in Canada. ^
All congregational rights and
priviliges are retained as at present.
For the sake of Western Canada,
Union is necessary. Co-operation has
been tried for years, .but cannot be
counted as- successful.- Inter denominational : jealousies . proved .a great
hindrance to real progress, Hundreds
of school districts from Ontario to B.C.
are without Christian'.Service 'or Sunday Schoolsf By making* better use of
its'men "and money The United Church
hopes ;to ,-nieasure. '"tip to' .the -task of
keeping'Canada Christian.. '   ���*;';' . * ���'"
V   .-Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw."
,. Martial.Saunier, off Rhone,  was.
a business "visitor . to7 town-��� last
-week-end. -
We, had a, January thaw last
Sunday, but unfortunately, it only
came in baby form,-f -V-
Miss B7 -M. Jackson7 arrived
from Trail on Wedneiday, haying
come home on account off the .sad
death of her father. 77
The powers thafc-be on the Kettle
Valley Railway have .been house-
cleaning. : SeverVi;passenger-,con
ductd^s have been suspended. X yX
7. .MrB.C. E.. Carr.f went, to the
Greenwbodf District7 Hospital -last
Saturday with herf young baby for
.medical, attention.." She returned
on Sunday. ' .,     ff * .
. Sonny Jaokson met with a pain-
fnl.accident ;fco oiie of his eyeB while
-cutting wood; last' Tuesday. He
went to the Grand Forks Hospital
on the,afternoon train.���'.;"'V  f
)[. Harry.. Glark- is'; hauling:logs tb
the 7 0. N. depot at. Midway, for
shipment to Deer Park,.. Wash.
Pine-timber is in great demand in
,.t^at part of the country.
. M; E.f Jones, raining engineer,
ol Seattle,. Wash.,  has completed
; his inspection of the Midway coal
..mine. Beparts are that Mr. Jones
i$ wall satisfied with the showing.
, So here's hoping that we wili have
a little/coal .mine of our own in the
near future.        WW '---*/'���'
. News-of the fBndderifdeath .of
John R-f Jackson "at Merritt on
Tuesday night has .cast a gloom
;6yer the 4own arid district and
came as a.shock to this, community.
.'Mr. Jackson was preparing to return home after attending the
fbneral of his brother Archie,
which ;wae held afe Merritt last
Sunday. 'The heart felt sympathy
of the community goes out to the
bereaved family.
deterrent to other criminals from
the United States who think British Columbia is a "soft" place in
which to operate.
Premier Oliver's recent return
from Ottawa, where he attended
the federal railway conference, has
been received with mixed opinions
of his success with regard to the
disposition of the Pacific Great
Eastern Railway. The Dominion
Government baa decided ' to construct a railway that will give the
Peace River country au outlet to
the ports of tbe Canadian Pacific
Coast. Even though the proposed
line may not form a direct line of
communication over the P. G. E ,
it is felt here that the opening up
of the huge empire of the north
will benefit this province to such a
large extent that the annual dt licit
and interest charges on the P.G.E.
will be small in comparison.
For Sale
Black Broad-cloth Fur-linid
Coat with sable collar for sale.
Never been used. Bargain. Apply
P. H. McCurrach, Court House,
Greenwood.
News From the Capital ;
.Victoria, J*n" 21-.���The efficiency
of thie Provincial Police,; under
direction of : Attorney-General
Manson, has .been fully' demonstrated through * the remarkable
appreh'ensiqn7 of. American criminals during the past two months.
The. finding bf the murderers of
Capt. Wiilliam. ,G....Gillis and
his son,, owners and operators of
the ."Beryl G.". haB * caused police
officials.all over, the continent to
"take of their hats" to the. British
.Columbia force. Added to. that
achievement was - the apprehension
of the perpetrators of-the Nanaimo
bank robbery. While the attorney-
general takes no particular credit
to himself-for the arrests ofthe
criminals involved,, it is .only fair
to say that be. has shown shrewdness and legal judgment in *he
appointment of his law officers arid
the latter have "made- a name for
themselves" through "their clever
work; TJpwards. of a dozen hijackers .and Voaurdere'rs will be
brought. back to Canada for trial
arid it -is safe to say that the. almost incredible skill 6hown by the
Provincial Police in tracking down
the felons "will, act   as 7 a . strong
LAND ACT AMENDMENTS
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vacant, unreserved, surveyed
'Jrown lands may ba pre-empted 03
British subjects over 18 years of age,
and by alien* on declaring- lntentioii
to become British subjects, -condl -
'.ional upon residence, occupation,
and improvement tor agricultural
purpose*.
Full information concerning regu-
. ations regal-dins' pre-emptions ls
given ln Bulletin No. 1, Land Series,
'How to Pre-empt Land," copies of
whloh can be obtained free of charge
by addressing the Department of
Lands, Victoria, B.C, or to any Government Agent v    l
Records will be granted covering
only land suitable -for agricultural
purposes, and which is not -timber-
land, i.e., carrying over 5,000 board
feet per acr�� west of the Coast Range
and 8,000 feet per acre east of thai
Range.
Applications " for  pre-emptions  are
io  be addressed  to  tho  Land  Commissioner of tho-Land Recording Di
vision, In which the land applied for
ls situated, and'are mado on printed
Corms,  copies of ' which  can ' bo  ob-.*
'.allied from the Land Commissioner.':
- .Pre-emptions-must'be occupied foi
Clv�� -years arid . improvements ' made
to  value  of  flO  per acre,   includins"
olearing and. cultivating at least five-
acres, before a-Crown Grant .can' bo *
: received; f   '   ���':,-��� ���-- -   .        -���  -'"
������" For more detailed lnfonrfiation see
the -.Bulletin '"How -: to ���'= Pre-empt
Land."  ' XX - -.-
PURCHASE V
Applications are recelved.for purchase':   of-"vacant-- and,-funreserved
-Crowrif lands,- hot <being ' timberlandf
for -agricultural" purposes;-- minimum
. prlc�� ol 'first-class (arable)' land Is'$6
per acre, and- second-class  (grazing)
land $2.60 peracr*.    Further'information, regarding - purchase  or lease.',
of .'Crown land*'ls. given in Bulletin
No. 10, 3__and Series,  "Puraha.se and
Louise" of .Crown Lands."
.  Mill, factory, or industrial sites on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,,
may b��: purchased or, leased,.the conditions;     Including      payment      of
sturhpage.-
HOME8ITE   LEASES
... Unsurveyed areas, not .exoeedlng 20
acres, .may be leased as homesites,
conditional upon. a dwelling being
erected "lb the flrat year, title'being'
obtainable "after residence "and" Ini-,
proyement conditions'-, are fulfilled
and land has. been surveyed:
)'}..-'}    CEA8E8
For . grailnf and . industrial    pur-"
.poses, area* not ��xoeedih�� 640 acres
may. bo- leased.-by' one "person- or  a
company.   ���      '-*'.--
"-,,.   "grazing 7'
f Under th�� dirMjng Act. the F"r6v-
inos ls divided into erasing districts
and the range administered under a
Gracing - Commissioner. Annual'
grazing permits art issued based on
numbers ranged, priority being-given
-to established owners. Stock-owners
.may form associations . for -range
management   Free','.or partially free
-permits: are available' -for- settlers,
campers and travellers. :up to. tftn
head. "7 '.- ,'  ���- - :  --'   ������ *..,
/DR. A. J. DORMAN
DENTIST
Office: McCutcfeeon Residence
Greenwood
DR.   A.   FRANCIS
P&ysiciaa aajJ Surgeoa
Residence Pfeoae .69
Gtunwooi
V'the ) y
Daily
4
forfl;00
Subscribe Now
The same reliable family newspaper
ing
Subscribersi^rho pstld in advance; at the SOc rate will
V.V- V XX.fee. gv?en advantage of this offer,v7-.'V Xiy-
Calgary and Banff to Unite in Cariiiva!
i op loir, Banff Springs Hotel in wmcerft-aru; below, a dog sled team, Stoney Indians attenu die Carnival in fui3 force and regalia, and
. figure skating, snowshoelng and ice yachting are but a few of the many seasonal attractions to the famous mountain resort.
&anit. Immediately one conjures" up visions of the
5 Bow River, the Valley, sunny skies, warm days,
summer dresses, ponies, excursions into the snow capped
mountains, swimming in the pools, hiking boots, breeks
and bathing suits. There are a thousand pleasant
memories of Banff.in summer time. Comparatively few
however, have any idea of this mountain resort in
Winter. The thought at this season gives us a chilly
feeling perhaps. Yet, after all, having leisure, what
better place could be found in which to spend "a long or
short vacation after snow has fallen. Cold? Certainly no
mcrre so than down on the plains where what winds there
are sweep uninterrupted.
Sheltered by the rocky slopes on practically all sides,
high and with a drier atmosphere, the frost there gives
���'an invigorating touch ,that stimulates life and activity
. where elsewhere the country sleeps through the winter.
.. As Quebec is to the Ea3t, so,' perhaps even to a greater
'degree, is Banff .to the West.   The home of Winter
Sports.'- ���.-""'���'.'. ��� "   '.
.--.-Instead of going to sleep,"the little town of Banff
...comes .to life with the coding of snow.   One event and
community effort follows the other,- and a'long list of
"sporting, activities culminates in February with a huge
seven day "carnival in which all citizens and hundreds
of enthusiasts from all parts of the World, take part.
"If will only be the case of a very few years until
" "ourists arrange their trips to take in the Carnival at
-Banff as they nqw visit New Orleans in March for the
Mardi Gras, or Pasadena for' the Rose Tournament.
Apart from the glorious scenery, it is a perfect Winter
playground.
Preparations are even now. under way for the next
Winter Carnival. This, to be held from February 7th
to 14th inclusive, is planned to be the greatest yet.
Calgary enthusiasts have decided tq cancel their own
carnival arrangements and to unite with the Banff
citizens, to make it a success. A very comprehensive,
program,of sports has already been drawn up. covering
events iri curling, skating, snow-shoeing, ski running and
jumping, ski-joring, tobagganning, trap-shooting, sleighing, and swimming in thc hot sulphur pools: For none of
these sports could the setting or the conveniences be
excelled.
For the adventurous visitor Lake Minnewanka offers
ice-yachting. Dog-sled races are a never failing source
of interest. These races are often run down, the main
street, and, as in other sports, it is often a case of the~best
dog being beaten as a great "deal o.f comedy is played. It
often happens that an over anxious or jealous contestant
grabs an opponent in any convenient place and in the
ensuing mixup any old hound can waddle home an easy
winner. ..But its all in the game; and the game at Banff is
the. out-door game-,���with dancing, cai;ds or concerts in
which each one plays a part in the evening.
DEPARTMENT OF  LANDS
NOTICE
APPLICATION   FOR   GRAZING PERMITS FOR THE SEASON OF. 1925
- Applications for permits to graze livestock
oirtlie'-Crown-range within eacli". if razing district,of'tlio Province of Uritish Columbia must.
l>c. filed with the. DistiictForesterat Cranbrook,
Fort'Georpe, Kamloops, Nelsou/Priiics-Rupert,
Vancouver, Vernon,and- ^Williams I,a!ce on or
hefcre'JilarclifS.st, 1925"' '     -     . -'  ,y
f Blank forths.upon which" to submit applications may be obtained Xrotu the District Foresters at the'ahove'"named places; or from-the'
Department of l_,auds at Victoria; B.C.. . .'"'."
���_-������- ���.-' . f.     .   ;G; R7.NADKN,   '.     .. .-
'    .      ._      '    '.      - Deputy Miuisier of IvdnUs.
Department of Laud's, 7 .      -���'   . . '   '-
-'..'     'Victoria, B.C.,"
January. 9th, 1925. 7.. : ..        f-
The Ledge for Job Printing
l&l��Ji'-,UmiLM��_t~__��aW��_!B!nWB_Bt
it
IWonderWiio ThatWas"
f V She.waitedfonly a.rnomeut to finish, .a"-conversation- with-
a neighbor'before answering thec'telepho.ne,.'but7in the meantime "Uie party caliing.h'ad de'eided-that no-one washome and
had hungup.   'XX -,'"W X-    -.-���;=' *"-,.*..' -f-".   f V.V V,-WV'
���_ " Who.-had.".tel.epho'aed?"'Was it.'an 'important -call?   The
"'possibilities-are-eiidless.f Proinptf-answefiug-'wouid-'-'have;-
��� saved.worry."  .:   XX}X- ���"'-*'*:        -    ���;
BRITISH CO LU MBIA. TELEPHONE COMPANY.
g at
The Mineral Province of ^estern Canada
':%):'::yy;:(^
.V Has   produced   Minerals as   follows:   Placer   Gold,    876^962,203;   Lode.
Gold,; 8113,352,655;-Silver, $63,532,655; Lead $58,132,661; Copper, 8179,04G,50S;
Zinc,, $27,904,756; Miscellaneous Minerals, $1,408,257; Coal, and Goke, $��ffl,y
968,113; Bailding Stone, Brick, Cement,'etc.,.839,415,234, making.ita Mineral
Production to the end of 1923 show an. '���������;
:v^v^gRgiite7ValHe''f'of f$810;7^2.^82.;'7777ff
Production for the Year Ending
V \m, $41,304^320
The   Mining   Laws of thiB Province are more.liberal, and the. fees lower,    .
shan those of any other Province, in the Dominioa, or any. Colony in the British    7
Empire. ��� '.���"*'���'
Mineral locations are granted to discoverers fof nominal fees.
Absolute  Titles are  obtained   by developing,, such properties, the security
oi ���yhieh ia guaranteed by Crown Grants. V
f'-lTull information,,together with Mining Reports and Maps, may be obtained *
gratv^yaddressing��� f:       y   7. .-",'��.,"" ���,'"''���' ..-
;v:.vvvw';:;K:'fw OR MINES
^yv^'fe'-V^^v-SJ- x-    VICTORIA, British Columbia, -

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