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The Ledge Aug 24, 1922

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Vol.   XXIX.
No. 5
We carry a large line ot.
Hardware, House Furnishings, JEtc,
Inspect our stock
We can supply your requirements for Preserving
Choice Apricots and Peaches
Now Arriving
Perfect Seal and' Economy Jars; Also Rubber
Rings, Schram and Economy. Jar Caps
Phone 46
wUMMUiUim. iUiiauunuiiuuuiiuuaiiiUiuuuuauiiai^
Summer  Specialties
Disappearing   Creams,  Cold Creams,   Hand and
Face Lotions, Colognes, Toilet Waters,  Etc.
Big Assortment
Kodaks,       Films       and       Supplies
The WINDSOR HOTEL is heated with - steam '
and electricity. Fine sample rooms. A comfortable home for .tourists and travellers. Touch the
wire if you wane rooms reserved, The buffet is
replete with cigars," cigarettes, cooling beverages,
- , buttermilk and ice-cream.
*   A Car of
__.    .     JQGILVIE'S
Cereals, Flour and  Feed
��� Their Quality is Pre-eminent
- ��:	
-ft . -A
We carry only the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,  Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A trial wiil convince you
i ���������=���
Proprietor $
K Underwear
_V Shirts, Drawers and
V Combinations
/%  Be comfortable while it is warm
X    These prices are right
| W. Elson 8 Co
Watchmaker, Jeweler and Optician
GREENWOOD ���       o - B.C
Real Estate
Insurance of every kind
Have you, protected your dependants by a
Call al my Office Copper Street
Send Your
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material" guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way.   Terms Cash.
Greenwood Theatre
Gray & Clerf. Props.
Commencing at 8.15 p.m.
Arthur S. Kane presents    ,
in   ���
"Scrap Iron"
The greatest-riag-fight you've ever seen
on the screen. . A comedy-drama with a
splendid thrill, based on Charles E.
Van Loan's Saturday Evening Post story
7 reels 7   ,
Also a Two Reel Christie Comedy
"Going Thru The Rye"
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge
Rev. W. R, Walkinshaw. B. A.
-        Greenwood
Services on Sunday
11 a.m. Bridesville
7.30 p.m. Greenwood       ^
Church of England
Rev. E..A. St. G. Smyth    .
Services on Sunday, August 27, will be
as follows:
ti a.m. Greenwood.      7.30 p.m. Midway
No Account Too SmaS
O account is too small
for this Bank to welcome and. none too large for
it to handle.
Branches in all Important Centres in Canada
Savings Departments Jn all Branches -
ank of Montreal
-Adjustment of Fire Loss
Penticton, B. C, Aagust 19th, 19*2.
Mr, Charles'King,
Greenwood, B.C.
Dear Sir:���.
I beg to acknowledge receipt of your cheque for Jf 15*0.00, covering the loss of my property at Denoro by
fire, please accept my thanks, for your
prompt settlement and I appreciate the
benefit of being insured in a -good company like the Sun Insurance, Office of
England. l   -
Yoars truly,"
-.     (Signed) ,AXEr. Gustafson.
3Ir, Charles King is authorized to collect my outstanding accounts.
Dr. J. M. BtTRintrr.
Dr. O. It. Graves, Denfcisfc, will
bein Ferry, Aug. 28th lo Sept. Bth,
1922, prepared to do every thing
iu (he dental line and make good.
I can 66 the mosl difficult cases
with plates.   Gome and see aie.
Around Home
Bob Forshaw was on a business trip to Trail this week.
Miss I. Keir has been appointed teacher at Lumbertoti.
Billy- McMillan of- Trail, is
visiting friends in this city.
Doc. Goodeve is on a business
trip to various parts of B.C.
Thomas Williamson returned
to town on Thursday from Oliver.
Miss Doris Kinsman is visiting
Miss Liddicoat in Grand Forks.
. Chas. Martin, the'shoemaker,
was in town for a few days this
Mrs. L. Portmann returned
Tuesday from a trip to Vancouver.
James Mcintosh of Coltern,
was a visitor in town on Thursday last.
Gasoline 55c per gallon; binder
twine $7.95 per bale at McMynn's
Store, Midway.
T. Kinsman, of Fairview, spent
a few days with his family here
during the.past week.
Postmaster L-i Clery, of West-
bridge,. transacted business in
town on Friday last.
Mrs. Ed Pope left on Friday
for Qu'Appelle, Sask., where she
is visiting her fa'ther.
Wm. Spooner and son returned
to Trail on Tuesday after spending a few days in town,
Mr. and��Mrs. 7E. F. Keir made
a pleasure and business trip to
the Okanagan-last week.
Mrs. George Duncan left Tuesday morning for her home in
Carmi.���Telegram, Kamloops.
Eddie Morrison passed all his.
exams at the B.C) University and
will resume his studies at a later
Mr. and Mrs. JR. D. Smith, of
Victoria, and Miss Ruby Smith
of Grand Forks, are visiting-relatives in town.
Miss Lottie Haw returned-to
Grand Forks on Thursday last
after visiting Mr.-andMrs.E. F.
Keir for a number of weeks.
The Conservative-Convention
now being held in Vancouver
unanimously re-elected Hon. W.
J.. Bowser as the party leader.
Miss Dolly Granberg returned
home on Thursday last after
spending a week's visit with Miss
Ruth Euerby at Grand Forks*
Mrs.' D. Mcintosh - and two
daughters Mary -and Irene, left
on Sunday morning for Vancouver where they" will live in.their
newly purchased residence.
Mrs, Kate-Walters, who has
been visiting her sister-in-law,
Mrs. L. Lyons during the past
two weeks returned to her home
near Vancouver on Sunday.
There is some potatoe blight
in nearly every planting, but the
crop here will be better, than
usual. Indeed potatoes will be
plentiful everywhere throughout
the Dominion and prices will be
low. _;
On Saturday night the picture
show was well packed, and there
was a very good show. The pictures shown at the Greenwood
Theatre are as good as any of the
larger city picture houses. -After
the show the young people had a
nice dance until 12 o'clock;
Dr. J. M. Burnett left on Sunday morning for' Vancouver
where he will. attend a convention of medical men, after which
he will take a tour aroutid the
country. Dr. Burnett has stored
his belongingin Greenwood and
it may be that he will return.
This community has had several years of scarcity within the
past 25 years, and the " hardships
following short cropts - have
scarcely been felt, but some people do not know what real hardship means, A little experience
of what their fathers knew would
make them thankful even for a
little. -.    ' ���
Many homes are quiet ��� and
lonesome tbis week. The Boy
Scouts and Cubs "are having the
time of, their lives camping on an
ideal site north of Stutridge's
ranch ap Boundary Creek. About
20 boys are en-joying .the outing
and eating the good grub like
little terriers. Dick Taylor is in
charge-of the camp" and -has the
boys well ih hand. Many people
visit the camp daily and it is refreshing to see the boys so full of
.enthusiasm. > ,
. Married���At the Metroplitai
Methodist Church, Victoria, 01
Tuesday, Aug. 15th, Maud, only
daughter of Mr. and Mrs.- H
Creech, Pembroke St., Victoria,
to'Robert Donald Smith, of same
place, youngest son of Mr. and
Mrs. G. A. Smith of Grand
Mrs. McKinnon and two
daughters returned to Castlegar
last week after spending "an enjoyable holiday in town the
guests of Mr. and Mrs. Wm.
Walmsley. Miss Vera Walmsley accompanied them home and
will visit there for a couple of
Mr. and Mrs. R. S. Walker
and children after spending a few
weeks visit with Mr. and Mrs. S.
W. Auger at Beaver ranch have
returned to their home at Moyie.
Miss Violet���Auger accompanied
them and she will be the guest of
her 'sis.ter.Mrs. " Andrew Christensen at Lumberton.
The holidays run away quickly
and now the children have only
about two weeks left of their
long vacation. Some of them
are tired of it, some are indifferent, and hate school. As a rule
girls like school better than boys
do. Children who are taught at
home to be manly and think no
evil and give envy and self pity
no place iu their hearts have
fewer grievances than those who
are uot so wisely guided. They
will not hate school although
they may not be greatly in love
with it. Children who are able
to keep up with" their work are
not likely to hate school life.
Times will not be so easy this
year as they have been. The
small towns and villages will begin to feel the strain of purse
strings tightly drawn. The war
times are over and many a man
even in our own community spent
all the overflow ot good times
and acquired opulent habits, that
are not conducive to smooth going on a rough road. It will
take some time to master these
habits aud call back the habits
of the days before the war, and
eat. stick . candy and bull's eyes
instead of chocolate and creams.
When the whole of our lives are
attuned to the change the timea
will not be hard.
Last Wednesday afternoon a
picnic was' held at the Keir
ranch. The day was perfect and
the picnic spot fine. With the
creek and shade on one side
and a wide open .field on the
other, all might enjoy-themselves. Over SO people were
present and all joined heartily in
the sports of the' afternoon.
Young aud old united in the
races aud contests, receiving, in
the races beautiful large candies,
guaranteed to last all day. After
races, games followed for a time
and then a bounteous supper was
served upon the grass. A great
many " remained _in_ _the_ .evening
for dancing and more games. "
In t��e days of our grandfathers
when the log house was being replaced by the more elaborate
dwelling many predicted that the
farmers would build themselves
poor, and a few lost their farms
over it. Some are now predicting that many farmers will lose
their farms over the automobiles
they are buying and running. It
may be that some of them will.
Every great social change is
liable to leave some wreckage
behind it. A man requires some
character to keep steady in a
hurricane, and the wind that
sweeps away the buggy and the'
old mud road must be regarded as
something'of a hurricane. ' The
mortgage and heavy taxes are
liable to sink the ship that is not
carefully steered.
There is no doubt about it
Greenwood has a good staff of
teachers for the nest term both
in oiir'7 high and public schools.
Outsiders may send their children here with full assurance that
they will have as good a chance
for success in .our high school for
1922 23 as in any school in the
province. We have not only ""a
good school but the equipment is
not surpassed in any of the small
schools of the province. ��� Our
public school, too,. is in the
hands' of a principal who has
been found not wanting and the
two new teachers come with the
very highest of recommendations.
Last year the inspector's reports
for * the school were excellent.
Greenwood has reason to be
proud pf her public school.'
The Ledge wants the news,
the latest news, authentic news
and all our readers have a stand-
ing invitation to tell us of local
happenings we might miss otherwise. When friends come and go
or interesting happenings occur
tell us about them.
Christian Vallev
Farmers are busy threshing this
Jud Somers and two-friends from
Molson are back in the valley.
The raspberry season is abont
over. There were lots of strawberries and  raspberries this year..
F. 0. Peterson and son Sten,
and Dave Rose left for the. prairies
laet week. They expect to be
gone some months. Charlie BToren
drove them to Westbridge returning a few days later.
From reports, crops in some
parts of this province are not very
good. It would certainly pay
ranchers who have repeated crop
failures on account of lack of water
to come and look over the land in
this valley open for pre-emption.
Mr. and Mrs. T. M. Gulley and
son Lawrence, accompanied by Mr.
Smith of James creek, were up to
look over the valley. They had
lunch at the Christian ranch and
then went to the end of the road
visiting the Peterson and Schenck
Frank Christian was oufe on his
fathers ranch picking berries last
week when he was surprised by
two grizzlies, doing the same thing.
One ran away but the other gave
chase. Frank travelled towards
the house, calling for the gun as
he ran. His mother on hearing
his shouts ran to meet him and on
receiving the gun Frank shot the
bear as it waa getting over a log.
There are lots of bears up here
this year.
Mr. aud Mrs. Woodward ofthe
Woodward Department Store, Vancouver, and " George Thompson
member of a well known law firm
of that city were visitors in the
valley last week. They stayed
one day with . Mr. and Mrs.
Christian and then left to continue
their motor trip. They started
out with the intention of going to
the Windermere Valley but came
up this way instead. They did not
like the Osoyoos hill and on their
return they went around by Greenwood to avoid it. They intend to
visit "Seattle on their way home.
Rock Creek Fall Fair
It is not our intention to hurry
the summer along, but how abont
this year's annual Fall Fair to be
held under the auspices of the
Rock Creek Farmers' and Women's
Institutes at Riverside Hall, "Rock
Creek? In case you have not fixed
the date in -your mind, here it" is":
Friday, October 6th;
There is no event in the life of
any community which so faithfully portrays the prosperity of the
district as does the Fall Fair. Not
only is gathered here the finest
products of the field, orchard and
garden, but also- is assembled
woman?' work which in themselves
constitnte an exhibition well worth
travelling* far to see.
Ifc ie not too early to start making your entries for this year. No
doubt many have made selections
of produce and are ���nursing.them
along, The individual farm ex-,
hibit is also engaging the interest
of'quite, a large number and the
management Vexpects7 to be taxed
for space to accommodate all the;
entries. Notwithstanding an unfavorable growing season this year's
Fair can; be. made to exceedlast
year if everybody lends a hand.
The Fall -Fair-is. an_ institution of
the whole people;- let each individual do his and hex share to make
it a splendid success,    ���      V ;'
"X ,       For Sale '���'-���:-���>'._ :..:_-
��� -.Sixteen.; White > Leghorn   hens;
Thoroughbred R;T. R. roosters.
J. JX McMynn, Midway.
,'.'     Midway News
Miss Emma Thomet is visiting
friends in Penticton.
Mr. McDougall of Grand Forks,
is the guest of W. B. Stewart.
Mra. Pete Dion left for Nelson
where she is visiting her mother.
The Misses Dorothy and Silvia
Birch have returned from the
E. E. Blake of Victoria, is the
guest of his sister Mrs. J. G. McMynn.
The Midway Ladies Aid will
hold a bazaar sometime in the fall.
Notices will be posted later.
J. R. Jackson accompanied by
his daughters the "Misses Barbara
and Gladys^Jackson are on a trip
to Vancouver.
On Sunday the 19th inst Grand ��
Forks defeated Midway at baseball,
the score being nine to five. A
fine clean game was played and
the diamond was in excellent
shape after the recent rain. Credit _,
is due to Gordon McMynn of the
Midway team for making four
runs out of the five scored,
R. A. Brown returned from
Spokane on Monday. The journey
to and from Spokane was made by
auto. Mr. Brown purchased a car
while on the trip. "
Midway is still going ahead.
Improvements on houses are now
in order. The McName's house is
being pub in order for W. H.
Norris manager of the Midway
ranch; Bob Evan's has had his
residence over-hanled and roof re-
shingled; Thomet's hotel re-
shingled and their town residence
painted; Henry 'Strauss' house
painted; Harry Borders has put an
addition to his house also putting
in a concrete cellar; Charlie Snyder
has put some improvements on-his ,
place; Howard Pannell* is ' preparing to enlarge his residence and ia
putting in a concrete cellar.
.  "Scrap Iron"
Vera Stedman, who has become
well known for tbe parts she has
played in Sennett and Christie
comedies, has the leading feminine
role in "Scrap Iron," the First
National attraction, starring
Charles Ray, which will be shown
at the Greenwood Theatre on Sat.,
August 26feh.
For Sale
40 pure bred one-year old-White
Leghorn hens, $1 a bird, F.O,B..
Kettle Valley. N. Lewis, Kettle
Valley.    *
(Section 227)
Id the Matter of Application No. 31617 F
la the Matter of aa undivided 1-2 Interest In
and to the S 1-2 of Lot 2 Block 7 Map 21
(Inter alia) '
TAKE.NOTIQE that the above application
lias been made to register Donald Neil Morrison,
Administrator of-the'Estate of'.Norman Morrison,'deceased,'as owner in fee of the above
lands, and for the issue to the.-said-Morrison of
aCertifieate of Indefeasible Title 'thereto, and
that in-���snpport\qf'siic���'i application' there lias
been produced deed dated IStU September. 1913,
Collector-of the City'of Greenwood to Norman
Morrisou.etftl.       .   '.       '     .-..'-
reiristration-w'ill be effected in pursuance of tlie
above a'pplication.aiul a Certificate of Indefeasible Title to the said lands", issued to the said
Morrison after the lap^e of-, fourteen days from
the service upon you of tliifi-iiotice {which may
be effected by as noted .hereunder), unless ydu
shall take and prosccufc-th'i* pro_>er proceed'atr1*
to establish your claim, if any, to the said lands,
or to prevent'such proposed action oh mr part.
- DATED at the Land Registry ��� Office! Kam-
Iuops. B.C., this 8thday of AngrHst,'A.t>., 1922.
'V':"'   ; V'    ''-'V  7    .;. .E.-S. STOEES,*
. ' >- '"''. ..,��� .;;.-' Registrar of Titles.
To.Thomas McLean*. .   X,
. I.direct service of- above. notice l\y publication once a week .for two weeks ia a newspaper
circulating in the district.   ,
" ���   .������    ''    .'���".'- -E. S.'STOKES.
'���.���'.'���'.���   ��� ���: ���   '".-i   . -Reg-tstrar.
"*sS*SiPB THE    LEDGE,     GKEENWOOD,    B.    OX.
The Futility Oi Strikes
Weekly Newspaper
Renders Valuable Service
The Great War taught the world the futility of war. Those nations
which started and lost tlie war are prostrate, while those which in honor were
forced to engage in the struggle and who won the war are doomed to struggle
along under burdens of debt and obligations which it will reuuire several
generations to pay. And, after all, what did the Great War really achieve
I'or the benefit of mankind? Nothing, unless it be that at long last the
human family has learned the futlity of war, and tlie absurdity of trying to
maintain peace by tin making of feverish and gigantic preparations for war.
The creation of the League of Nations, the establishment ot an International
Court of Justice, and the signing of disarmament treaties, all seem to indicate that the lesson has been learned.
But while statesmen, capitalists, and labor are all agreed that war is a
curse and tha* no effort must be left untried which will prevent a recurrence
of the catastrophe which overlook the world iu 191-1, each and all of these
three main groups in the industrial world seem content that the age-long
struggle between capital and labor, employer and employee, shall continue
to be waged with the crude and obsolete "strike" as the chief weapon. Yet,
surely in this presumably enlighlcnea century, and with all the experiences
of the past as a guide, the able leaders in the political and industrial life of
the world must realize, and do realize, the utter futility of "strikes" as a
means of obtaining redress of grievances and the accomplishment of permanent reforms.
Take the present outstanding example of the use of the "strike" weapon.
Last Spring hundreds of thousands of coal miners in the United States went
on strike in order lo enforce their demands In a controversy with the mine
owners and operators. As to the rights and "Wrongs of the dispute we are
not, so far as this article is concerned, in any way interested. Needless to
say the right Is not all on one side and the wrong on the other. But for
fir months now betweno half and three-quarters of a million men liave been
living in idleness���in itself, a national calamity because of the injurious effects on character and the inevitable development of shiftlessness and other
bad habits.
For five months no wage cheques have been coming in to support these
men and their families probably a total of more than two million souls, and
provide them with the comforts and decencies of life. They have had to
depend on the meagre doles of "strike" pay out of Union funds and which had
been deducted from their income in previous years. In'the final analysis,
therefore, these five months have been worse than absolutely lost to these
hundreds of thousands of people.
The mine owners have suffered through deterioration of their properties
nnd machinery, and through loss of profits on operation, but their loss has
been small compared with that of their striking employees because the coal
still remains in the ground to be mined at some future date and sold, in all
probability, at a higher price because of the shortage created by "nearly half a
year of non-production.
Countless thousands of other workers have been forced to work on short
time because of lack of sufficient fuel to keep the industries and factories in
which they were employed operating full time. Railways have been forced to
reduce the number of trains in operation and schedules have been lowered.
Ocean going vessels have been compelled to carry'sufficient, coal from foreign
ports-to enable them to make the return voyage because they could not get
coal, at American ports.', .And now,-with winter .-approaching and surplus
���stocks'of coaPi^vpIdly .'disappearing,.the people of the North American contin-1
Vent-arc fact' lb face' -with \Uie'r."obIem,~'not'-merely 7of keeping the' wheels .of
industry rev'olving.'-but" of actually keeping themselves from freezing, to/death
;;!u the'monfh"s--io-cdnie;'iy.ucli coal asmay be available will sell, it is feared,
at an -almost-prohibitive'.'prlcfcV  , -   " ; ":   " V -"-'7 V  '-7'V   "     '���,.'��
"���-', '. There.are nianj' other losses to -be .charged up'against.this, "strike," as,
for- example,- the. losso.f business, to .merchants.: every where';, in 'the mining
regloris-becausc of the' loss- to/the;S.tate'resulting from the necessity of maintaining increased forces of polite and-military to maintain order.when tensof-
thousands. 'of -people are. living .in idleness ..and, suffering from-a sense, pf
wrong and injustice. '  ���--���   ,; "--��� "/ -." .7   ' ,;'   ..   . V   ' "L;  '.'."/���     .'--".��� V '-���' -
'-; .'-And-what can/possibly be. - written-.eventualiy'-;on thc other side' of the
ledger to"offset these .'enormous losses?/ -.The strike will be' settled sooner.or
later, and almost certainly in a.'compromise-of some kind.'  .-That compromise.
7cc>uld"just,as. well have been reached' in a ^conference by arbitration before
ihe strike as.'now after months of suffering and" loss.";. Even should one/side;
l.ain everything foi* 'which' they are holding out, -that"gain will not begin to
.-compensate for tlie ��� loss.. - .-'.. ���/'   '--'..-->..'   "   -    "v    ���-���-"       7.- --'.���;";-.
-/'industrial' war;'waged- through."strikes" "is just as "senseless; Just as'futile,
as war waged between-hatioiisV "Both/bring.suffering, .sorrow and.loss in
---' their .train,'-and/practically no gain. . "But.capital and labor;both" remain blind
-,'to this'-fact;: each refuses'to/ see any/side but their "own/,-;. And' statesmen
/.remain timid, and-'f earful and 'apparently have/not "the courage to grapple, with
-'.the' thorny problem and; provide .by law some method "which/will,prevent fur-
/��� tlier. repetitions, of-, this same folly.  . - It. must- be ended .eventually, - but ��� appar-.
ently.it is. going "to take some/industrial upheavel,.comparable "only to the
.'Great-War lo -bring .the;' peoples .-o.f: the,world/to their senses/ 'and/ cause'"the
'���. nublic"' to. rise in their might and' say "this thing- has got to' stop."-   .."'-���
Has a  Field of Usefulness Peculiarly
Its Own
The important service which the
country weekly renders its community
by publishing timely agricultural
news, was emphasized by W. A. MacLeod, Commissioner of Publications
for the Saskatchewan Government, in
an address delivered by him at the
Western Publishers' Short Course and
Conference held recently at the Manitoba Agricultural College.
There is a vital distinction between
the news field of the weekly paper and
the city daily, the speaker stated, as
the daily newspaper deals very largely with what might be described as
"bad news," wars, revolutions, murders, accidents, calamities of one kind
or another, and the weekly newspaper,
dealing largely ln local activities, appeals most to its readers when it do-
votes most of its space to "good
news," information about the social
life and the progress and development
of the district and community, and in
an agricultural community the agricultural news sent out by the Federal
and Provincial Governments provides
an important source of information.
Illustrations were given of how the
value of agricultural news sent out in
tho form of bulletins or news articles
was very greatly increased when the
editor gave the article a local color
by adding to the article some news of
local conditions concerning the same
subject. Information about the best
varieties of cereals or forage plants
is of far greater interest to readers
if the editor can tell of some local
farmer who is experimenting with
these varieties, aud news of an outbreak of insect pests gains much in
value if the editor can give -accurate
information as to local conditions in
connection" with such an outbreak.
Governments, both Federal and Provincial, have invested very large sums
in experimental farms and agricultural colleges where experiments are carried out of the highest importance to
agriculture, and the weekly press renders a great service not only to its
readers but to tlie country generally
when the results obtained is published even if the paper cannot afford
more space than merely to quote the
general results and direct the reader
to bulletins or reports giving more
detailed and complete information can
be secured. I
The value of pictures to illustrate
the text was referred to, but about
the only way in which illustrated agricultural articles could be used by
the average country weekly was when
they run in the ready-print portion ot
the paper, and the speaker expressed
his pleasure at the cordial co-operation extended by the ready-print,company -which supplied-the /ready-print
for. the: majority of i weekly .papers in
the prairie provinces.-, in- publishing,
cuts to show '.tlie ���'' '.best /methods -of.
identifying various' insect' pests, and
methods of-control.'    /     - ,-_" - -
"In closing,-a" reference -yas made/to
the very great demand made upon the
small -space' available- in the -average
country" paper./and' to' the importance
of condensing-the - news- articles as
much as:possible-io -make them, avail-"
able .for weekly papers-as the editor'
should, not"be/expected to/furnish -tlie
space; andp'repafe the. articles as well.
- The/.weekly-7 press.-of Western Can-,
ad.a'was "said .to take-a leading place
in the quantity.'of valuable and timely _'_ farm. news"-- carried . .iii: its' local
pages:':'-''"."-'    .-.- :'"'-. . -. "V-V-V-''
And Airplanes
Tests Show Exploding Bomb Could
Almost Overturn Dreadnought
Reports of recent British naval
tests , it which King George was
present, are of special interest to all
warship and airplane experts. The
Admiralty is apparently conducting
extensive experiments to ascertain
what is the exact possibility of aerial
attack on warship squadrons. The
controversy respecting the relative
merits of capital ships and aerial
craft is keener than ever, and until
it is settled, the permanet lines of
naval policy canont be laid down
with any degree of assurance.
In the tests, it is reported, a group
of airplanes, descending to-2,000 feet,
were able to envelop the fleet in a
smoke screen in a few minutes. In
that screen they were able to drop a
hail shower of imitation bombs on the
ships. An old German ship and a
discarded cruiser were used as targets for real explosives. It was
found tliat a certain bomb, exploding
on striking the water, was almost
powerful enough to turn a Dreadnought over. A heavier charge could
do the trick. Thus, even if direct
hits were not made, big ships could
be keeled over by close'drops. The
smoke screen is not satisfactory, however, except in fairly still atmosphere.
Moreover, 2,000 feet is a low height,
and planes would bc subject to intense aircraft fire at that distance.
If the defending fleet had airplane
auxiliaries, the smoke screen might
never be placed. The absolute necessity of aerial auxiliary service
fully able to cover all warship fleet
movements has been proven.
Tlie willingness of Britain to reduce her capital ship tonnage was
no doubt partly owing to a belief
that submarines and aircraft development had vitally affected the offensive
value of the big fleet. The British
Grand Fleet was anchored behind safe
barriers a large part of the four years
of war. No airplane raids on (it were
successful, because of tlie long flight
over the North Sea aiid return, but
the naval staff was exceedingly careful" about sending it forth on idle
movements. No other naval department is making the extensive tests
now of fleet and aircraft co-relation
that the Admiralty is, and what is being learned in these tests will be the
subject of much curiosity.���From the
Toronto Mail and Empire.
For Infants and Children
In Use For Over 30 Years
Always bears
.  the
Signature of
To Exhibit Alberta Tar Sands
Samples Are Being Sent to State Fairs
In U.S.
Samples of Alberta coal and the
famous Athabasca tar sands will be
included in the exhibits of natural resources that the Government is sending to four state and inter-state fairs
across the line. While the bulk of
the- displays thus being made for
publicity's sake will be agricultural
in .character, it has been decided to
show something also of the province's mineral wealth, and there will
be some big pieces of coal, chosen
from several mines in both the
northern and "southern mining fields,
together with a generous portion of
the bituminous sand-stuff.
Pictures of mining operations will
also be includ.ed in the pictorial section of the exhibit. These will be
interspersed with the elaborate
showing of farm pictures now being
prepared for the purpose, and will
give a graphic idea of the underground riches of this province as
well as of its agricultural resources.
She may not look so young and
pretty as she used to. If her cheeks
are hollow and pale, if she is tired
and nervous, her system needs a good
regulating with Dr. Hamilton's Pills,
a real medicine that is noted for restoring the bloom of health to sickly
girls and women. Dr. Hamilton's
Pills tone up the entire system. Complexion quickly becomes rosy, spirits
rise, strength increases-daily. Health,
vigor and good looks will soon return
to a faded woman, if she uses Dr.
Hamilton's Pills. Sold everywhere,
25c per box, or from the Catarrhozone
Co., Montreal.
Hundred Million . .    .
Expended for Toys
United States Spent Enormous Sum
." . ' . _ During Last Year
Over a hundred million dollars- was
-expended for;-tbys by'-the people of
thc.-United.Stat'des.'in 1921.. -.The factory.' value, of /toys, "manufactured, in
the^United 'States,'"says the "Trade'
Course in Bee Husbandry
The University of Saskatchewan .is
to have a' new department, and a
course of bee husbandry will be included in the curriculum of agrarian
students this fall. The University
authorities have enlisted the. aid of
Mrs. J. H. Bayford, Wawota, Sask.,
who in 1921 gathered 920 pounds of
honey, worth 70 cents a pound.
Plans Taking Movie of Mars
Planet Will Be Only 34 Million Miles
Away In 1924
Dr. David Todd, Emeritus Professor of Astronomy and Navigation at
Amherst College, is planning to take
a moving picture of Mars. Mr. Todd
is collecting the instruments required
and will shortly proceed to Fort Charlotte, Nassau, in the Bahamas, where
his experiments will be conducted.
In 1924 Mars will be nearer to the
earth than it has been for 500 years,
and according to astronomical calculations, will be nearer than for the
next 500 years. Therefore all students of astronomical science-are anxious to become as well acquainted
with this vast planet as possible.
-. Ordinarily Mars is fifty-three million miles, from the earth, in August,
1924 she will be comparatively close,
and only thirty-four million miles distant.
This attempt to make pictures will
be carried out with a -special camera
equipped with a rare mirror five feet
two inches in diameter and slightly
concave. The pictures are to be taken, not directly, but from the image
thrown on the mirror from the base
of the telescope. The camera cost
$3,000 and the mirror was made by^a
Pennsylvania clergyman, who, at his
death, gave it to the American University in Washington.
If successful films are made. Dr.
Todd believes they should be available for motion picture houses.
Professor Todd is convinced that
no life exists"on Mars. He points out
that the two main questions to be
solved are: Whether the . planet is
habitable and whether it actually is
inhabited. Personaly, he holds that
it may have harbored plant or animal
life at one time,- hundreds of thousands of years ago. He discounts tho
idea thai radio communication could
be established there, because of lack
of anyone to receive mesasges and
further by reason that in its present
stages of development, the wireless
1 would be inadequate.
The tongue of the chamelon is as
long as its body.
No season of the year is so dangerous-to the life of little ones as is the
summer. -- The-.cxcessivc heat throws
the- little". _ stomach/out of order so
quickly-that unless prompt aid is at
hand the.baby nifty be beyond all human help, before the mother realizes
he   is   ill.". ..Summer   Is .'the   season
of the. National - .Gitv Bank,! when, /diarrhoea, -" cholera infantum,
., '',.'���''.��� --.. 7.1" =-"-;- --T-i��� i ,;.,', ���'-1 dysenti-v and --colic/.are .most - pre-
New/iork, more than-trebled/when  ��� "--; "���;-.-  ���-. ���-.,-���       .������,,.     .-J\
���..���' .. .-*.- -// ,,., ������-.- ��� ��� ',. =. l.valent. Any-of-these troubles may
the war .'cut us off .lrom that iormer.j prove, deadly,if not. promptly ..treated:
chief source of our toy. imports, ,Ger.-1 During-'. the'   summer- mother's. : best
' friend-is. Babyy Own Tablets.;'VThey
Minard's Liniment for Dandruff-
Unearth Our Resources
many, and; the .value ofthe- toys -and
games-turned"."out by/'our factories in'
1919, the la.test' census- year, is 7olli-.
ciallv. stated at -'?46,000,000,V. against
$14,000,000 "in-the preceding" census
year7l9i-l, /- . ." -'".." = ��� X -.
" Meantime' the imports--" of toys,,
which "fell from ?S,0.00;6oo in the'year
-prior 'to - theV. war-to. a..little more
than. ,;;$1,000,0.00'- in/ the .year of its
close,'- .quickly .advanced to ?6,000,000
inV .1920 '/alia- $10,000,000 in "1921, so
that the/import's of toys, ih the fiscal
year'-,1921/ were .-actually 'greaterin
value .than in/any "year preceding-the
war'./       7 "-'-.-.-       , ;   ���'/. ���.',-/   .
X'-'y       .'...,. Extra.Distance     :"
-.".-The senator, took, a taxicab-to his
home in/the7outskirts;;of Washington.
It' was' a/rainy ��� .day.'    lie -. protested.
when the driver, "demanded an extra
.fare:- - /'.' -,; .' ."/ -..;'. :."-'���' '.-
"Why,'"* said the-senator, "you."are.
. charging me-for four miles, while, the
.distance is7but "two. and; a'half miles.""
'-"   "It is as a-rule,''sir,"- admitted   the
taxi   driver,.- "but,   you sec, we/skid-
d.ed' quite a'bit." '.���'.'      ".-"". - '.'-.;    }_'.���
/���In'-" tlie .north "of ."Siberia most of the.
food- sold. In shops 'is"'frozen. / Meat
is chopped with axes and.niillVis sold
in long sticks.'.- : '���������.'.     '"-'
V./" Hot-Headed Men /.. / '
';,. During.-the. "hottest 'part of one-of
the/liot-days.in'London the sight-of
men. ��� wearing: silk hats suggested; to
ah ..American' visitor, an inquiry- what
/the '.temperature-' under one' of' the.
hats might'be. -The tourist got.-hiin
a-' "tile," hung a sniall. thermometer"
in it; arid wore it for. ".ten.;-;minutes.
The7, thermometer.-.then "recorded V a
temperature of : -107.���-Youth's ��� Co'm-
. papion.;.,. - ' _'. '/ .   . -., ,7 ���     .-' -.7 - -..- ."'
.- From, "a" "literary-., priirit'"' of view,
-fame consists/in .-having" people know
;y"ou have, written;a.lot of things they
. haven't read."
Ottawa: Government-/.Placing ...Thirty-.
~.'Nine Survey .Parties in the -
���'���'���' 7'-. ��� ' 7- Field- '"'.��� -. V .' ' '"
-The Ottawa"Government; Is; to; be
congratulated ��� on "taking practical
steps-to .aid-in developing "Canada's
natural/ resources by placing -thirty-
riine survey-parties-iri the field"in the
hope of- finding.new deposits -which
>yil"l bo the .moans'-of .furnishing,; em-
.pipyment'and. railway'tonnage.. ���'
/" -Theses-parties-are to rgo :to work" iri
every prayince' and the territories as
well, including the Yukon. These uncovered resources wiil prove when
opened up, to add much, to the wealth
of the Dominion. and will" tend considerably to. Increase, our prosperity.
A ��� commendable if eh lure" of/the .policy
is- to confine the .work of investigation
to- territory within reasonable distance of 'transportation ..route's- rather
than- send' parties -into'.remote'dia*-
tricti..���--Montreal' Herald.   .  '" /."/.;.'..
regulate the,.'bowels,-. sweeten the
stomach and keep baby healthy.'.-.The
Tablets are-sold by. medicine dealers
or by mail at-25 cents a" box-.from
The- Dr.' Williams'- -Medicine..-Co.,
Brockville, Ont. . --���"/--��� :-
Deported For Humane Ideas
German/Countess . Expelled   for   Per-
..* "    sisting'.in; Peace-Propaganda/
"Countess'.I-ietta/Trauberg, the-Ger-'
man 'pacifist -who was interned by .the
Germans during the late war because
slie " condemned "submarine warfare;
the deportation of Belgian, French
���women arid children,;,and the. treatment of Allied -prisoners,:has beeri'ex-.:
peiled from Germany because' she-'stiii
persists  in  her  peace ���'propaganda..
-She is at .present...Iii Vienna'where
.she .-is'*-compiling;-, a. book, deriving
���mucK/of. her", material..from 'the arciv
ives .of'yienria. /She is said to-have
secured . war /-letters'- exchanged ;be-
tivecn." the,'Emperor/of Russia, Emperor William .of -'Germany,- -.and "tlie
Austrian Emperbr .Francis [Josepli.--'-
, Grant For Alberta- ' -X
/The .Federal Government' has -en-:
dorsed, a-grant of'.?66,965 to. the province of. Alberta "for; the .'purpose of.
aiding and-advancing .the farming industry by Instruction in- agriculture."
The-payment, will-be made .from"'the
revenue fund of.Canada: for the year
ending March 31,- 3 923, and .under the
authority.",pf-. the Agricultural. iristruc-
��� l_ori;"Act!."./"'""-~r~-.:;-;7:------- =���_- /----/
; A spider 9.'- indies ..around and with'
legs 17.inches- long' w:as / found re1,
cently in Sumatra.'- ;    ./ : ,-
V Tlie Rhine, anciently formed' the
border between the Roman' Empire
arid the Teutonic hordes..
-.-  'A New Profession. -.'. / '.,-.-.
-   There   is/./.a, "young-inan-of social
standing .whose family-.fortunes .have
' reached the point where .he must- go
- ..Dominion Woof Market Report /
; The/grading/'of Eastern. .Canada
wools is now well underway. .//Quebec'wool gradings are practically completed, but- heavy- consignihents' of 'On-
several /carr
'to work'.-    He has;ope.riedah dfiice in{-tario-vo��l3 comprising
a m'idtown ofilce building/arid laiinch: | -��*-d-s llave already- - arrived-; at. "the
ed a..new' profession:     He <calls him:
Refreshes Weary Eyes ,
:WHe'n' your eyes feel dull
.nd heavy,, use" M.iirine." It In-
. itancly relieves tint tircdfec!fn���
���makej them "clear,.bright and
���parklir.j Harmless. SoiJ aiid
recommended by all druBgi.ts.
Through ignorance,', many have suffered aches arid pains long thought
incurable. But doubt quickly, turns
to belief when sciatica, lumbago and
neuralgia are healed with Nerviline.
Its soothing healing powers are really
wonderful. Nerviline sinks in quickly, it penetrates into the sore muscles and brings grateful relief. The
hundred and one minor ills that come
to e\*ery family yield quickly to Nerviline.     Try it.     35c at all dealers.
How Far Can You See?
Details  Cannot  be   Distinguished   600
" "       Yards Away
When it comes to judging distances
the average man is apt to go sadly
astray.' -���'.-.���'
- Careful tests show that .the. following are distinguishable at 100 yards:
The parts of the body, slight movements of- the head,, arms, or. legs, and
the" details'of .dress."'-.".'' ....    "   .
Let,; the'- man 'stand another 100
yards away and his face becomes.almost a blur, it. being. impossible .to
distinguish the features. .*'���'���
/ Let him stand 400 yards away and
his face is a speck/but it.is still possible to perceive . movements of the
legs or arms.' When he is 600 yards
away..he is merely a form..  7"
V .'.- Best Of Reasons -.      .-...'
: "Why Germany--did not.send out
her. fleet/to- attack- that ofthe British
when " the.. latter' was" scattered all
over the'-world! In the/early...part of
the war is explained, in . the second
volume of.the official history 'of. German, sea '.'war, now being published
here,"-" according to a BerlinVdis~patcli.
-. The'answer to-that- Is '-easyi; It
was because .the 'British "fleet fortunately, was riot "scattered/air over
the world'-- at, that .time. Are. the
Germans. : still -..trying-to-.fool, themselves, with such' inventions as :this
regarding. the war..���Buffalo -Express.
. When a 'woman tries- to capture >a
wealthy husband,. she "eyideiitly :be-'
-lievestiiat- his- means will justify her
ends'. ������    .' \  V  .'.    '-- - "   .- :"-..
��� During- the Revolutionary, .war, 150
privateers, .sailing froin Salerii, Mass..
captured.445 English .vessels.   .'-
Jn the Striped Package]
Cook's Cottoa Roof Compound,
A taft, reliable rcnulating
mediant. Sold in thrco do*
Eroe�� ot etrength���No.  1, SI;
3, S3; No. 8, tS per box*
br all druggists, o
repaid on   receipt  of
Bold br all druggista, or tend
prepaid on receipt of prico.'
Free     pamphlet..     Adare.jj
T010MT0. OUT.  .r-mirl. Wltta..)
^-Burns. Sores.;'<3u.sil^cjvVI
Get Free Sa/pp/efromYourtyi/ff&'Sl
Send   a  Dominion   Express   Money   Order.
Five dollars costs three cents.
New and used Belting o�� every description shipped., subject to approval, Gin. 5-
ply new. Rubber .Belting-, -high grade
quality, at 40c per ft. All others at lowest prices in Canada.���York-Belting Co..
115 YorK St., Toronto, Ont.
You are not
\ e x p e rlment-
j I n g w h e n
1 vou use Dr.
Chase's Ointment for Eczema and Skin Irritations. It relieves at once and gradually heals tne skin. Samplo box Dr.
Chase's Ointment free if you mention this
paper and send 2o. stamp for postage. 60c. a
box; all dealers or Edmanson, Bates & Co.,
Limited, Toronto. ?
Prince Designed Gift
���     i 'N...   ���-''
Personal Touch In Wedding Present
to Lord Mountbatten
There was a personal touch about
the Prince of Wales* wedding present
to Lord Louis Mountbatten which was
particularly charming. It was a' gift
of his own design. A silver -figure of
Atlas supports on its shoulders a silver globe whereon is traced in enamel
the route of the Renown on her Indian and Australian voyages, in which
the two young men were shipmates together. .
Nothing could be more appropriate
than such a present, which commemorates the comradeship of those memorable months. Wedding presents
are too often conventional ratlier than
personal, but perhaps the gift of the
Prince will set a new" fashion. This
silver figure will always remind Lord
Louis Mountbatten, as no. cigarette
case or tea set could do, of the experiences they shared together. Such.
a gift shows' thai the Prince is not
only a cousin but also a friend.--I<,rom
the. Overseas Daily. Mail.
Heating Powers of Wood ���
A test of heating qualities, shows.
that the greatest heating' power is
possessed by tlie wood of the'linden
or-basswood tree, which is very soft..
Fir ."stand^ next to linden,, and almost
equal to* it. . Then' comes' pineVharcl;
ly inferior to.fir and linden; while
hard oak', possesses, eight . per cent. -
less heating capacity than linden, arid
redrbeech ten-p'er'centrlcss':r?//-'  "���'~"
For Sprains and Bruises
' The first thing to do'when 'you have .an injury is to apply/Minard's famous Liniment.-
It-is antiseptic, coothing,' healing-and -gtvei
quick relief.   ,-"���' /     /   /. -.-
self    a    "Fashion Adviser,"  arid -.his
clientele   is   among those in' society
warehouse at Weston,:Ontario. Local
buyers in the Maritim? Provinces are
paying ten cents for coarse and fifteen
and out who wish io be advised, as  to-seventeen.cents for'medium, with
to the: latest styles in men's dress.
He sends 'out a weekly mimeographed letter explaining the newest
things sartorial. He - also keeps in
touch with the smartest shops and'
tells his clients of the latest bfler-
ings. If is said that he has started
off with a very brisk business,���Ne***
York Correspondent.
An Iceberg that rises 100 feet
above the. water stretches 700 feet be-
Jowvit.-. V '; /.. '-'_  '" ....... -* . ;'
/. Every - knock   one   inan gives another, is intended for. a boost for bin.-
j self.   .-; ;. ��� ../'-
ft".   N.   U.   liZi
an occasional bid of twenty cents,for
extra choice-lots, It is expected "that
receipts of western wools /at Weston
wiil be heavy during the present
month, and 'grading of the/consignments therefore, will commence immediately. The demand . for all
grades continues good at nominal
prices-       ..-���������
. .  ,C����p��rat!ve Marketing
Ontario 7 apple. ..growers have completed arrangements for the co-operative marketing of a very large percentage.of the 33.22 apple crop;
- During" the ��� last forty years raore
t^ian eight "thousand; wreck's have oo-
curred oa the coasts o�� Great Britain.
...   ,
- Canada's Best Buy -
*H I b - 85^     ($150 PROCUMBLE-Ka fktofAGE 15$)
34- THE    LEDGE.     GREENWOOD,     B.     a
Germany Would Make
France Pay For Her
It has been definitely announced by
Premier Has chereau that a radium institute for the cure of cancer will be
established in Quebec before long.
While working at breaking up the
obsolete' battleship St. "Vincent, *at
Dover, David Wilson, of Birkenhead,
was killed by ten tons of armour plating, falling on him.
Government engineers will shortly
ifistal flsh ladders at Stamp River
Falls, B.C., leading to Great Central
Lake, to create a new spawning
ground for salmon. The lake is. on
the west coast of Vancouver Island.
Necessity of an election of members/for the Yukon Legislature, which
had.been fixed for September 11, was
eliminated when candidates for three
districts concerned were elected: by
The London Daily Chronicle announces that its net circulation now
exceeds 1,000,000 copies a day. This
. represents the remarkable increase of
more than 200,000 copies daily attained during the last twelve months.    *
Twenty cases marked "old iron,"
which had been embarked on board
the steamer Mlml at Hamburg, have
been found by the Italian authorities!
at Naples to contain pistols. They
have been seized,
A Reuter despatch from Moscow
says that as a result of intervention
by the British Mission, the offices of
the White Star and the Canadian
Pacific Railways, which were closed
by the Soviet Government, have becn
Admiral Sir John De ,Robeck has
hoisted his flag as commander of the
Atlantic fleet, succeeding Sir Chas.
Madden. Sir' John has been commander-in-chief of the Mediterranean
fleet for about three years. He was
born in 1862.
' Storms of a violence unprecedented
���for-80 years-struck- Central -Portugal,"
Aug. 13. Acres of vineyards - and
plantations aria orchards were destroyed. Houses were unroofed and
animals killed. - The damage done to
.crops was enormous. X
Canadian Trade With Mexico
The Canadian Government will
shortly appoint' a tr^-le commissioner
and an assistant trade commissioner
to report upon and investigate openings for Canadian trade in Mexico.
The Order-in-Council containing the
authority for the appointments says
that "Mexico offers a field for organizing and extending healthy trade -relations between that country and Canada." '     -   V .
Usually Victims of Poor Blood
and Weak N��rves , .
Irritability is one of the manifestations of nervousness, and it becomes
worse as-the nerves become more unstrung and approach a; state of exhaustion. . No one is irritable from
preference, and this state is often only
the outward expression of a great deal
of physical suffering which friendsVlo
not realize. ,,-It is accompanied by
headaches, sleeplessness, nervous indigestion and depression. Unless it
i3 promptly checked more serious
trouble develops.
The    treatment' for    the     earlier
stages of nervousness, as well as the
more,advanced condition,   is   one   of
nutrition of the nerve cells, requiring
a tonic.     As the   nerves    get    their
nourishment from the blood, the treatment must be directed towards building up tho blood.     Dr. Williams* Pink
Pills   act   directly on the blood, and
have proved of the greatest benefit in
a great many cases of this kind.     A
tendency to anaemia or bloodlessnessf
shown by most nervous people, is also
corrected by these tonic pills.     This*
is shown by the case of Mr. Kenneth
R. McDonald, Tarbot, N.S., who says:
"For a long time I was a severe sufferer from nervous trouble,   with   the
result that I grew pale and weak,, lost
weight, slept poorly, and always felt
tired out.     Various medicines 1 tried
had no beneficial effect, until finally
I was persuaded to try^Dr. Williams*
Pink Pills.     I found these just "what
I needed, as   after   taking   th'em   a
couple of months I not only gained in
weight, but felt stronger, more cheerful and better in every way.  " I feel
that I  cannot praise  these pills too
highly for what they   have   done   for
me." '
You can get Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills through. any_dealer _in-.medlclne,
or by mail, at 50 cents a box- or six
boxes for ?2.50 from The Dr, Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.
As    Though     France
Assume War Burden
Dr.    George    Michaells, Chancellor
of the German empire in the beautiful
days   when   the. Fatherland's armies
were  chopping down enemy orchard
trees, flooding mines   and   otherwise
heartily enjoying-themselves,   takes
advantage of" his visit here to illumine darkened American minds-
Should Germany default and France
seize   the   Ruhr   region as a pledge,
then   he   foresees another war.   The
young   men   of   German}*,   he   says,
would   not   endure the outrage.   Bismarck,   it   is   true, occupied French
provinces    until    France paid to the.
last franc, but only   those   whose intellects never have been enlightened
by Kultur will contend for; equality of
right    between    Germany    and    her
neighbors. - .   -.     . i
The worthy doctor re-parades an
old friend, namely, the claim that Germany cannot pay. The installment
due is $50,000,000, yet Germany,
though her national wealth is '3,000
times this sum, cannot .find it anywhere about her. As the German,
Government bank alone has in gold
vastly more .than the amount falling
due the ex-Chancellor, of course, cannot intend his* statement to bb taken
literally or- seriously. What-he means
to say is Germany won't pay���will
fight first. ' ;
- Instead of paltering with side-Issue
insincerities why does not some-authoritative German voice   openly   declare for a reparation settlement such
as would genuinely satisfy Germany?
What   it   would   include can be most
easily surmised.     In brief,   it   would
place on France the business of liquidating Germany's expenditures ;and all
war   losses.     Many   German   bonds
were floated, and their: owners cannot
become   calm   and labor quietly until
assured   of   payment/    Why, not demand that France assume the burden?
Except   for, an   accident    at   tlie
Marne, France would have been compelled to pay to the last centime or
else- suffer Paris to be perpetually occupied.     Why not act as if-there' liad
been no accident at the Marne and
proceed   according   tp   the : original
Berlin   plan?     Because   Von- Kluck
stubbed his toe.is righteousness to-be
mocked? '"'"��� -:    V ' /
The German argument now< is that.
France should alone meet the cost/of.
.mopping- up the damage done /in
France by German armies. That is
to ��-say, the invasion was justified,
and hence France has no. right to
claim compensation. From this conclusion it is but a short step top thc
further one that France should pay,
what Germany spent on the invasion.
A sheriff who is forced to beat "clown
"a door to serve a warrant pays* .no
damage bill; on the cotnrary, he collects his fee and his mileage.-
Germany has been too moderate.
She should add to her threats and
solemnly declare, unless she .is paid
for her war expenditures, that she
will immediately bite herself to death
by going royalist or Bolshevist.���Fronr!
the New York Tribune.
Raffles. At Bazaars
First WallpaperSent From England
A Helslngfors despatch-to. the Central News says the Russian, legation
���there announced that a Russian destroyer had been sunk during the recent naval manoeuvres. No details
concerning the name of the ship or
the-place of sinking,were given.
Lake, Soap Factory
.The,water of a lake that has been
discovered   in    Siberia is so rich' in
carbonate of soda that a" soap factory
will be established near it.
Spend your money at hoine, thereby helping your own town and local
merchants.- .. ���'
Became Enormously Popular in This
Country After 1750
Wallpapers did not come into this
country until the second quarter df
the - ISth century. - Even then thej-
were specially ordered by the individual householders .from their dealers
in London or Paris, rather than carried from the general retail trade.
. Thonms. Haneo_ck,__for instance, ordered, in 1737, a specially made
paper from his stationer, Thomas
Rowe, of London, and his letter giving the order" speaks of another
paper similarly Imported by a friend
of his, three or four years earlier.
By 1745, however, wallpaper was in
retail, stock .here. But, certainly It
was not in general use until 1750.
By that- time It had become enormously popular and a host ' of merchants in all the larger towns were"
.advertising new " importations with
the arrival of every ship.
Law    Regarding    Raffles    Held ^for
Religious and Charitable Objects
General  Victor Williams, i Commissioner, Ontario Police; has issued the
following interpretation of the law of
Canada! regarding raffles at bazaars,
for religious or charitable objects, and
instructions to the police authorities.
As  there is  widespread  misunderstanding regarding these matters it is
well to .note carefully what the law is.
General Williams says:���
"In view of requests that come from
time to time to this department, from
charitable., organizations   for permission to hold raffles, it seems necessary
to again call the attention of police
officers and of the municipal authorities and the public generally, to the
provisions of the law.
"Sectipn 236 of the Criminal Code
prohibits lotteries, with an exception
in fayor; of /raffles (which arc-a form
of lottery) for religious or charitable
purposes. .The exception is -in the
following terms:���
"Raffles for prizes of small value at
any bazaar held for any charitable or
religious object, if permission to hold
the same has been obtained from the
city or other municipal council, or
from the Mayor, Reeve or other chief
ofllcerof the city, town or other municipality wherein'such bazaar is held,
and.the articles raffled for thereat
have first been offered, for "sale and
none, of-them are of a value exceeding fifty dollars." ���       -���~   '
"It will be observed that, the permission referred to in the sub-section
is not that of.the Attorney General or
the police, authorities.     It is the permission /of 'the 'municipal authorities,
the theory apparently being   that   if
there,  is    a    strong local'sentiment
against that sort of thing the permission   .will   not:   be granted.    -At all
events, the responsibility is   on   the
Mayor or Reeve or Municipal Council.
Thcs e   authorities   have an- absolute
discretion.     They 'can grant permission or-they can refuse it.
���  "It will be further "observed that the
permission is confined to bazaars, and
to ba,zaars that; are-being, held'for-a
"charitable or religious object." ' \ If
permisison should-be   granted   by   a
municipality   or   municipal authority
for an object 7 that is not within the
description of these words the permission would be ineffective,    and    the
general prohibition would apply.
���   "Then if permission has been properly obtained/pursuant to the provisions of the statute, it will be observed that there are   two'- other ��� conditions:���
The first condition Is that the articles before being raffled   must    first
have been offered for sale.     In the
opinion of the law officers of the attorney General's Department, the intention  of. Parliament  whatever  the
technical Interpretation may be, was
that the raffling should not 'take place
until  the articles  to- be raffled  have
been offered  for sale at the bazaar, I
and also until it becomes reasonably
clear that the articles will not be sold
in the ordinary course���that is. to say,
the raffle should come .at or toward
the end of the event.     To begin selling tickets forthe raffle as soon as, or
shortly after, the bazaar opens, would,
in the opinion of the law officers, be
contrary to the spirit, if not to the letter- of the law.
"It is to be presumed, that persons
who conduct bazaars for charitable or
religious purposes will want to obey
both the spirit and letter of the law;
and -if their attention is called to the
matter, they-wlll no .'doubt conform t'o
the suggestion of an officer that no
raffling should take place, even where,
permission "has been given by the
municipal authorities, .until It is reasonably clear that the articles' will
not be sold at the bazaar in the ordinary course. .   -
"I am informed  that it is not an
unusual practice io sell, ticke.ts for ar
du&r&nfeed to be fhe puresf ..
and besf baking powder possible ' |
to produce.^ec&use o�� the parity
djx] high QaeJHy of fbe ingredients
of> Tftdgic taking 'Powder ife
leadening Qualifier are perfect
and it ie> therefore economical-
tion to the Chiefs of Police and High
Constables through the Province."
This law is Federal and is .in force
| in all Canada.
Unveils Memorial To
First War Victim
German   Patrol   Killed   Corporal   Two
,    Days  Before WarDsclarad
M. Poincare, the French .'Prime Minister, -went to Montbeliard near Bel-
fort, where he unveiled a monument
j to Corporal Peugot, the first victim' of
' the war, who was killed.at Joncherey,"
eight miles  from the  frontier,  by a
German cavalry patrol which had invaded on August 2, 1914, French territory two days before war was declared.
". After recalling the circumstances
of the incident, M. Poincare said:
"Whatever may be the efforts attempted today by Germany���' to escape the judgment of history, she
will never succeed in obtaining its
revision. The-facts are there, and
if some misguided people try to ignore
them, this incident should bring them
back to their memory."
A Suction Gas Lorry
Ladies Remove Their Corns
In A Simple Way
No pain, no trouble, costs only a
quarter. ' It.is a very simple thing to
paint on a small application of good
old "Putnam's" nighty, and morning.
To remove corns, to get entirely free
from them, use Putnam's Corn &
Wart Extractor. It is guaranteed.
25c at all dealers. Refuse a substitute.
Wheat to Japan
That Western Canada will ship
considerably more wheat to Japan
the coming season than formerly, is
the statement made by the director
of a large Japanese grain firm at pres
ent visiting Alberta.
is an acute attack of Nasal Catarrh.
Those subject to frequent "colds in th*
he.id" will find that thc use of HALL'S
CATARRH MEDICINE will build up th��
System and render them less liable to colds.
Repented attacks of Acute Catarrh may lead
to   Chronic  Catarrh.
en internally and acts through the Blood on
the Mucous surfaces of the System, thu�� reducing the inflammation and assisting Nature
in'rea-toring normal conditions.
All  l>ruegists.       Circulars  ftee.
h\ J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio.
Less Foreclosures
.A considerable reduction in the
number of foreclosures on Southern
Alberta farms has resulted as a consequence of_recent provincial .legislation, it Is stated." . -' ���
British Firm Manufactures Truck that
Makes Its Own Gas for Motive
.During the war there were  to. be
seen in Great Britain a number of motor wagons carrying   enormous    gas
bags on the roof.     These bags were
filled with ordinary town gas, which
was,used as a source   of   power   in
place    of    petrol���then    exceedingly
scarce.     The results were so far successful that experiments were, made
afterwards in the storing of town gas
under pressure in cylinders, but apparently these experiments have not
led to any yery satisfactory result. At
any rate the only substitute for petrol
to which serious attention is now being given is suction gas, which is produced by drawing    air.   and    steam
through heated fuel such as anthracite,
coke,   charcoal,  wood  refuse,   brown
coal, or peat.     Petrol, benzol and alcohol   fuels    generally are still high
enough in price to encourage suction
gas development and a leading British
firm has put-on the market a very
well constructed three-ton lorry driven by suction gas.     The steam fori
the suction gas produced is made in a
separate generator heated by the exhaust gas from the engine.     The producer itself forms part" of the chassis
and is neatly accommodated in a light
steel box at the side of the driver's
cab, where it is easily accessible for
inspection...    Its weight has been reduced to the lowest   possible    limit.
After being generated, the gas passes
along a pipe to the scrubber," becoming cool on the way.     The scrubber
removes the taf;   and the gas then
passes direct to the" engine, where it
mixes with air and drives the engine
in the usual way.   Tests made with a
three-ton lorry show that when using
anthracite it ran at an average speed
of twelve miles per hour at a working
cost a little below one-third that of
petrol.     This vehicle is specially designed    for   use in countries where
petrol is scarce   but   where   various
types of sold fuel are available at a
reasonable price.
Experimenter Blacklisted
Attempted  to  Cut Trees -With .Rapid
Fire Gun
Felling trees at CastlebrocI*, Wash.,
with a red hot wire and a rapid fire
gun to test some new inventions have
placed Rudolph Mayer, the experimenter, on the forest service blacklist.
The wire not 'only burnt its way
deep into a big red cedar trunk but
also started a fire that quickly spread
to adjoining pitchy timber. ^
The wire was carried to and fro
rapidly by an electric motor, the
heat generated by friction being intended to sever the' wood tissues
quickly and smoothly.
Mayer's* other idea was to aim a
rapid fire gun into the trunk of a
tree slowing turning the muzzle across
the diameter. lit the experiment the
pointed bullets felled a two-foot tree
but many passing through the, .trunk
chipped large chunks off other trees
and frightened the lumberjacks a long
distance off.
A Remedy for Earache.���To have
the earache is to endure torture. The
ear is a-delicate organ and few care to
deal with it, considering it work for a
doctor. Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil
offers a simple remedy.
.. ���,.     A few drops
tides to be raffled at bazaars davs or! upon a piece of lint or medicated cotton and placed In the-ear will do much
UNLESS -you see the name "Bayer" on tablets, you
- are not getting Aspirin at all   -   ;    x   ,x
Increase In Building
Returns for. July Shows Building
Trade Active Throughout Canada
during July construction contracts
awarded in Canada amounted to ?2(!,-
691,200, compared with ?35,G20,<100 in
June and ?17,7-il,-iG0 in July, 1321.
Residential building accounted for
35.3 per.cent, of��� the July total and
amounted .to ' ?9���131,400. _ Business
amounted' to $S,l*16,i00u or 30.5 . per
cent, of tlie, total"; industrial building,'
?1,397,S00, or 5.3 "per" cent; public
/works and utilities, $7,715,600, or 28.3
per cent*. The Value-of' contemplated new work - reported during July
was ?30;970,G00. The figures for the
"different, provinces are as follows:
Ontario,, $15,033,700;J Quebec, -$1,721,-
even weeks in advance ot the"event.
This Is, obviously - entirely improper,
and where anything of that kind is attempted the parties ought to be warned, and if they persist prosecutions
should "follow.
"The second condition is that no
articles -must be of a value greater
than $50.00."
In view of the want of understanding of the law on tlie subject; and the
obvious need of keeping the exception
to , the wholesome provision Nof the
law against "lotteries within "proper
limits, it is desired that police officers
will take especial precautions to see
that the law as above defined Is observed.
i "Upon learning of- an Intended
bazaar, with an accompanying raffle,
the officer's duty will be to ascertain
whether permission has becn" granted
by the local authorities. , If so, he
will then" Inquire whether the object
is charitable or religious. If in doubt
on either of these points, he will confer with" the County Crown Attorney.
If satisfied on both these' points the
in relieving pain.
-" "Father, what is fate?" "   - .
"It's crossing "the busy Main- Street
three time a day for three years, and
then being run over by a farm wagon
in the country."
000;    -British -;Columbia,    $3,031,600;   officer ought then to see the managers
Accept only an "unbroken package", of "Bayer Tablets of
Aspirin," which- contains directions and dose worked out by
physicians during 22 3rears and proved safe by millions for
Colds ,
���   Earache.
Bandy "Bayer"'boxes of 12 tablet
Headache Rheumatism
Pain, Pain
AIs> bottles of 24 and ICO���Dni^ista.
Manitoba, $1,309,300; -Nox-a Scotia,-
$694,000; Saskatchewan, $672,900; Alberta, $604,000; Xew Brunswick,
$583,600; Prince Edward Island, $40,-
700; total, $26,694,200.
Aspirin !�� tJ>* *rade mark rr��sSst"r.*<t la Carta-:i) of T.iytr J'snofactare ol Mons-
���ert'c-asl'Ier'er <s>JT Sallcyllcacld. V.*b!l<_ it is wr*!! krm-w-n that Aspirin means Bayer
Siai.ofai.tHrs. to assist the piiWic ar.-:nst!mIt3tIon��. Jhe TaM"ta of Bayer Coaipiay
Will be jtamptd with Ifce'r stnerai trafio wart, tbe "Barer Cruse."
New Irrigation District
Farmers In the district cast of Ret-
Ia.w, Alta., have decided to form the
New West Irrigation District. The
area In this district will be about
4;-700 irrigable acres, and every eGoft
Is to be pat forth to have the construction work done tbis summer in
order ihat the water may be available
for the land next season.
Hips, Back and Legs Would
Have That Tired Ache
Everett, Washington.���"Forseveral
years I havo had trouble with the lowest
.i,.t.i.M.��"-m.-V;��?ft part of my back and
my hips and my legs
"would ache with that
tired ache. I could
hardly stand on my
feet at times. I was
always able to do my
of-the affair and explain the law to
them.     It Is unseemly that persons!
desiring" to-i-aise money for religious
or charitable purposes could be haled
Alberta Coal For Export
Expect Soon to Enter Market
Eastern Canada
Alberta coal will soon he supplying
the big demand in Eastern Canada if
Calgary business men, coal operators
and freight experts are right in their
prognostications. .. Alberta has * long
been prevented by*a_series_of7circum-
"stances from entering the export field
to any great extent; but It looks.as
though . the golden path were -Open
now. Assuming, of course, that the
strike In this field is settled - at an
early date. "
There may be various' difficulties to
be overcome and doubtless a substantial reduction in freight rates would
have to be brought about to make the
scheme feasible, but the present set
of conditions, affords   a   particularly
good opportunity for the development
of the  coal mining Industry  of the
province^-       Federal action is being
Invited   by   western   men, many of
thein stating that they-see no reason
why a subsidy should not be given for
Alberta  coal  bound to  ea.^era markets.   " What is  wanted is not just
something that will fill the gap in^the
east caused by the American shortage,
but efforts which will tend toward the
establishment of a permanent market
for Alberta.     ���    -    *'
The Many-Purpose Oil.���Both in the
house and stable there are scores oC
uses for Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil.
Use it for cuts, bruises, burns, scalds,
the pain of rheumatism and sciatica,
sore throat and chest. Horses are
liable very largely to similar ailments
and mishaps as afflict mankind, and
are equally amenable to the healing
influence of this .fine old remedy
which has made thousands ,- of firm
friends during the past fifty years.
More Automobiles In Japan
Despite the high tax���$400 yearly
on the cheapest cars to fl,500 on the
higher class ones���despite bad road?
and business depression, the -. use of
automobiles is increasing rapid!/ in
Japan. The Increase has been particularly noticeable In cars which ply
for hire in Tokio, Yokohama, and
other cities, the charge for which is
about $4 an hour.
Value of Rain
How much a farmer depends on
rain can be judged from the fact that
under general farming conditions
about twenty inches of water are ms*
cessary to raise a crop. Translate
inches Into tons and we have the rather startling figure of 2,270 "tons of
water necessary to grow an acre of
crops. A soaking rain that' without
cost will spread some two hundred
tons of water over every .drought-
ridden acre Is a boon beyond reckoning.���Youth's Companion,
BEEchaks pjilS
M for Ctmsfipation
Keep your Shoes Afcai
Lettuce for th��  Ba!d  Ones
'Eat'vitamines and keep'your hair
on," is the latest health maxim to "-jet
Shoe Dressing'
Home  Comfort"   RANGE
is   no*   Bold   to   tha   user   direct   Irons   o-ir
Thouiandi  of  these. Raasoi ia u*o  over to
TfiKllnSf-i.     mi        .   , '  ���-"-~ I rears  and still eood Kansp...
puDiiutj.    i he   Inference   that these ; B��pat**s for evsrr Homo comfort Kansa mtt*
mysterious Ingrpdienls are nreventi- L,. "^.'^tH54 ��ntcUJr supplied.
tives of baldness has been drawn^from | *** "*"** **- **** C�� ��f Canad*
a report presented at a meeting of the
wo^afth^ghT^ l-Ch^lcal ��� *��*-* * in Chicago.   Some
not feel good, I saw
Lydia *E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound advertised and
havingheard several
prafse iti decided to,
try it. I feel first-rate at the present
time. It has done wonders for me and
I keep it in the house right along.   I
i iiu;c_ it. in uio iiuu^- rignt along. J.
to court for breaches of the law, and always recommend it*to others who are
the officer will probably find in almost sick aad ailing."���Mrs. J. M. SiBBERT,
every case a desire to comply with  4(^2 High St, Everett, Washington.
Minard's   Liniment
for   safe^ every-
the law. In fhe event, however, of
the law being disregarded the officer's
duty will be io watch the proceedings
at ,the bazaar carefully, take note of
the facts, and then confer with the
County'Crown Attorney as to what
proceedings ought lo be taken.
While this letter is an Instruction
to the officers of the Ontario Provincial Police, it ^ill be sent as informa-
W.   3ST.   V.   1434
To do any kmd of work, or to play for
that matter, is nextto impossible if you
are suffering from some form of f emale
guinea pigs have been experimented
on--In a quite palnles3~way. Those
fed on a diet" containing vitamines
largely lettuce, waxed fat and their
coats became "glossy; Those on the
other hand whose diet was lacking in
vitamines became, sluggish and their
hair fell out. ��� All of which is verv
interesting."���Montreal Gazette.
148 King sit. vr.
Prscsipt and Practice "
'Oh, George! I've, just won a
-  America's
Dog Remedies
and  How to Feed
���Mailed   Free   to any
Address by the
S29   West   Z_th   St,
ISfi-w York.   U.S.A.
may be able, to keep j animals."
up and around, but you donot feel good. ,    __      ���__    .       ,   __._L .
Lydia KPinJ-Ws Vegetable GomXI    UeX~,       fJf-t   TVtet*ar-e y0n g*
pound is a medicine for women.   It 13 f In�� to ��? '���nt" !t ���
especially adapted to relieve the cause [    She.~'Oh, now I can afford a new
of file trouble and then these aniKmrag   fUr coat."
pains, aches sod "eo good" fesanga
It has dona this fo? many, tosny too-
xnea; why not give it a tsis trial���new.
Nothing Is harder on  -a   woman's
ae-*v. hat than, ber neighbors.
Is $2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Gr��at Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
. Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coil and Oil Notices    7.00
Kstray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks ���..   1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal'advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
Transcieut display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I2j��c. a line each insertion.
"Wis havo  noises on  taxes, why
nob taxes on noises.
No matter what  happens  somebody always knew it would.
Wining Notes
A mining deal of consi'derahle
importance was consummated a few
days ago when the Revenge mine,
adjoining the Bell at Beaverdell
and owned by George Barrett, wbb
leased and bonded by Louis Clery,
John Bergman and Ernest Granberg. The purchase price is $35,-
000; 83,500 was paid in cash and
50% of the net smelter returns to be
applied to the principal until the
whole is paid.
Ealph W. Smailes, of JSeattle,
Wash., spent a few days in town
this week and while in the district
looked over the Beaver, Highland
Lass, Highlander Fraction, Wellington and Springdale at Beaverdell. All of these mines his family
are interested in. On Monday he
visited Beaverdell in company
with I. H. Hallett,  James Hallett
and Jno. McKellar.
Geo. S. Bailey, of Rapublic,
superintendent of the Day interests, G. W. Fairweather and son,
also connected with the Day
Smelting Co., were in town on
Tuesday lookiug over and taking
samples of the Combination mine
near the junction of the Eholt and
Boundary creeks just north of
Summer Excursion Fares
To Eastern Points
If ever a man wanted little here
below, he got it long ago.
Getting  into a rut may not be
fatal.    It may be a good rut.
They'd better leave us enough
coal to keep the train of thoughts
The man that borrows trouble
has to put up his peace of mind as
Soibg men never consult the
Lord or their women folkciintil
they get into trouble.
We could never understand why
anyone should want to look ,for a
needle in a haystack.
It's a mighty well trained conscience that can be taught only to
speak when spoken to.
And there are men who carved
their names on the desk in the old
schoolhou.se over thirty years ago
who grew up and failed to become
St. Paul, Minneapolis or Duluth
Chicago    . .
Detroit .
Toronto ".      ���     .   ���
Ottawa .    .
Montreal    '.."""
St. John
Halifax .
New York .
$ 72.00
On Sale, May 25 to 31 August. Return Limit 31 Oct.
Many optional routes, via Great Lakes or through
California at slightly jbigher fares.1 Stopover en route
Rates to many other   points.   Details  from any
agent or write ���������--.
District Passenger Agent, Nelson, B.C.
Tie Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited   ..._..
Office, Smelting and Refining Department
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
Produoers  oi   Gold,    Silver,   Copper,   Pig  Lead   and Zinc
What Shall I Do With The
.; X-, ���',;;  r VMoney?;\V, .:     *'?y
X, Many a holder of tha Canadian
Government bondi' maturing 7De-
-cember 1; 1922, hat hoi*., asking
this.question;..... Ths. adrirtisem'ent
of the Minister ���f~Fin��BC9.;iupplies
an answer.. Tka in vtitor,' by giving notice to the manager of any
; one of. the brarichei of a chartered
bank; can, arrange * to get ./new
bonds bearing the same rate of in:
terest,. the highest possible.seciirity
and a liberal rate of interest.       -
Another PRICE Suggestion
Biscuits, Buns and Rolls
BISCUIT!> What��� delight this word suggests. So tender they fairly-
melt in the mouth, and of
such glorious flavor that
the appetite is never satisfied. These are the kind of
biscuits anyone can make
with Dr. Price's Cream
Baking Powder and these
unusual recipes:
{All measurements for  all
materials are level.)
2 cups flour
4 teaspoons Dr Price's
Baking Powder
H teaspoon salt
2 tablespoons shortening
J7_ cup milk or half milk and
half water
Sift together flour, baking powder and salt, add shortening and-
rub in very lightly; add liquid
slowly to make soft dough; roll or
pat out on floured board to about
one-half Inch.in thickness (handle
as little'as possible); cut with biscuit cutter. Bake, in hot oven IS
- to so minutes. ��� ..y
��� '"-��� .CINNAMON BUNS7.
" 1\i cups flour  ' 1      ���--._*"''
.   1 teoBpoon salt   - .-"-.- 7"'  ,
7   4 teaspoons Dr. Price'i.-- >
"-    -  Baking Powder .'���  ' -       -'   "*
2 tablespoons shortening . '.   ~
I egg .-
, V_ cup water ' .... - -   -
'.   J4 cup sugar
"';. 2 teaspoons cinnamon   "
'-; 4 tablespoons seeded raisins
Made from Cream of Tartar, derived
from grapes. Pure, wholesome and
unvarying io strength. Raiaet the
dough perfectly. ,
Sift 2 tablespoon* of measured
sugar with flour, salt and baking
powder;, rub shortening in lightly;
add beaten egg to water and add
slowly. Roll out J4 inch thick on
floured board; brush with melted
butter, sprinkle with sugar, cinnamon and raisins. Roll as for jelly
roll; cut. into \% inch pieces;
place with cut edges up on well-
greased pan; sprinkle with a little
sugar and cinnamon. Bake in
moderateroven;30 to 35 minutes;
remove from pan at once.
4 cups flour
. 1. teaspoon salt
6 teaspoons Dr. Prics's
7   Baking Powder
2 te 4 tablespoons -��"��*�����-i-g
IH cups milk
Sift flour, nit and baking powder
together. ./Add melted shortening
to milk and.add slowly to dry ingredients: : stirring until. smooth.
Knead lightly on floured board and
roll out*$_u inch thick. Cut-with
biscuit cutter^. 1 .Crease each circle
with back:; of knife one side of
center. Butter the small section
and fold larger.part well oyer the
small. Place one inch apart in
greased pap. Allow to stand. 15
minutes in .warm place. Brush,
each with melted butter and bake
in moderate oven 15 to 20 minutes.
Send for FREE Cook Book-f'Table and Kitchen* '-149 Notre Dame Ea*t, Winnipeg, Can.
:x[\yx  -XX ,7-V-   V :;:���-i
f>.>��afe-.A J
51 pm cent G^iiaclaIs
Issued in 1917 and Maturing 1st, December, 1922.
THE  MINISTER QEFINAISTGE. offers to. holders
-of   these  bonds   who7desire;"to��� cpntihue  their
7investment   iri   Dominion   of-  Canada   securities .-the'
. [privilege7 of exchanging the  maturing'bonds-for -new-
bonds-bearing S\ per .cent interest, payable half yearly,
;- of either of. the following classes :���
Y7.7       V  .(a) Five. year bonds;, dated 1st November,
7 7/''". 71922,. to mature 1st November, 1927.
(b) Ted year, bonds, dated 1st November,'
192.2, to mature 1st November, 1932.
- While the maturing bonds will cany interest to 1st
December-, 1922, the new bonds will commence .to earn
.interest from 1st November, 1922, GIVING A BONUS
of a full month's interest to those
availing themselves of the conversion
privilege:; -
This offer is made to holders of the maturing bonds
and. is not open to other investors. The bonds to be
issued under this proposal will be substantially of the
same character as those which are maturing, except
that the exemption from taxation does not apply to the
-new issue-
Dated at Ottawa, Sth August, 1922.
'. Holders of the maturing bonds wha wish to avail
themselves of this conversion privilege should take
LATER THAN SEPTEMBER 30th, te a Branch of
any Chartered Bank in Csnadaand receivs in exchange
an official receipt for the bonds surrendered, containing
an undertaking to deliver, the. corresponding bonds of
the hew issue.V   7.7' 7.7  -'       ' '.",V-.":,,-"  --.-*���.'-' ������' ."������''
Holders of maturing fully registered bonds, interest
payable by cheque from Ottawa; will reeaivt thtisV
December .1 interest cheque .at usual. Holders af.
coupon bonds will detach .and, retain the last unniatured
coupon before surrendering the bond itsalf fW cenvtrsioe
purposes.'" .-'���""-;..������..'������ V*
The. surrendered bonds.will be forwarded hy banks
to the Minister of finance at Ottawa, whe?e thay will
be exchanged for bonds of the'new iscu*. in fully
registered,7qr coupon registered or coupon bearer form
carrying interest payable 1st May dxtd IstNovem&ef
of each year of the duration ofthe loan, the first Interest
payment accruing arid payable 1st May, lf23. Bonds :
of the new issue will be sent to the banka for
delivery immediately after the receipt of th* surrendered
bonds;- v ���'   ���    '   "'*,'
The bonds of the maturing. Issue which are a��t
converted under this proposal will be paid off ia cash oa
the 1st December, 1922.
Minuter of Finaac*.:
The Next Issue of the
Closes September 1st, 1922
If you are contemplating taking new service, or making any changes
in or additions to your present service, you should send notification, in
writing, not later than the above date, in order that you may take advantage of the new directory listings.
The Telephone Directory offers an attractive and effective medium for
advertising purposes. Advertisers should bear the above date iu mind so
that insertion may be sure in the directory.
Excursion   Fares
To Vancouver and Return""
Vancouver   Exhibition
Tickets on sale, August 17th to August 25bh. Jtetorn limit,
August 29th. Through train Nelson-Vancouver via7K. V.
Railway. Tickets and sleeper berth reservations from any
agent, or write     ~ '" ' Xy'i
District Passenger Asent. Nelson, B.C.   V
The woods are yours
to enjoy, but only if
you keep them green
EIRES Qlj-ju
Agent for Dodge, Chevrolet, Studebaker,
and Overland cars. Garage in connection.
d. Mcpherson
Tailored Clothes .
Men's Suits and Overcoats
A. fine>range of samples to select   B
'.,*-       from.     (Just arrived.)
Now on view at
��� ��� (i
Tailor and Cleaner-
-> E. W.. . WIDDOWSON,. Assayer and
Chemist, Box Biip8; Nelson, B. C,
Charges:���.Gold, Silver,. Copper or-Lead
$1.25 each. Gold-Silver $1.75. -.Gold-
Silver with Copper, or Lead $3.00.. Sii-
verrtead $2.06. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
Charges for other metals,, etc.,7 on application.
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Minimum prioe_ of first-class land
reduced to SS-ain acre; -second-class to
$2.50 an acre.^.
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed lands only.
Records will be granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes , and���which is non-timber
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
Pre-emptors must occupy claims
for five years and must make improvements to value of $10 per acre,
including clearing and cultivation of
at least S acres, before receiving
Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may because of ill-health, or "other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence
may be issued, provided applicant
makes.improvement to extent of $300
per .annum and records same each
year. Failure to make improvements
or record same will operate as forfeiture. 7Title cannot be obtained in
less than S years, and improvements of
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleai-
ed and cultivated, and,residence of at
least 2 years are required.
Pre-emptors holding Crown Grant
may,record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements made
and residence maintained ~on -Crown
granted land.      v -
Unsurveyed areas not exceeding 20_
acres, may be leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
For grazing-and industrial purposes
areas exceeding 640 acres may be'
leased.by one person or company.
. 'Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber land not exceeding 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of stumpage.'
���Natural hay meadows inaccessible
by existing roads may be purchased
conditional upori'construction of a road
to them;VRebate of one-half of cost of
roadiVnotjiexceeding half of purchase
price-is made.
The;scope of this Act is enlarged .to
include alljpersons joining and serving
with His;Majesty's Forces. The time
iii whichthe heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is extended from.one
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion ofthe present war. This priv-
ilege.is made retroactive. -
No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded after June 26, 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
" Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
4,1914, o�� account of payments, fees or
taxes oh soldiers' pre-emptions.
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or; indirect, remitted from enlistment to March 31st, '1920.
Provision made- for insurance of
Crqwn-;7 Grants to sub-purchasers of
Crown'Lands, acquiring rights from
purchasers who failed to complete pur-
chase.rnypiving forfeiture, on fulfill-
meiit of conditions of purchase, interest
andyaixesiL Where _subrpurchasers_do_
not claim7w;hole of original parcel, purchase: price due and taxes may be distributed, proportionately over whole
area. Applications must be made by
May 1,1920.
Grazing Act, 1919, for systematic development of livestock industry provides for grazing districts and range
administration under Commissioner.
Annual grazing permits issued based
on numbers ranged; priority for established owners. Stock owners may form
Associations for range management.
Free,, or partially free,= permits for
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten
head.' ..-..,..
7 Has produced Minerals valued as follows:   Placer Gold, $76,177,403; Lode '
V. ;���������'������:; Gold, $105;557,977; Silver, $55,259,485; Lead $48,330,575-.Copper, 8166,393,488; V
.   ���.-.*"���; Zinc, $21,884,531; Coal and Coke, $225,409,505; Building Stone, Brick, Cement, , .
;,*34,072,016;     Miscsllaneoas.-. -Minerals,    81,210,639;     making   its    Mineral      r
'"-'V-V:   Pi^uctfon to She end of 1921 show     V. ,: "-���'..; '.-,'..' ..' "V 7
Production f^^
The  Mining  Laws of this Province are more -liberal,- and the fees lower, ������-'-.:���-
than those of any; other Province in the Dominion, or any Colony in the British
'-Empire.1, "-    -V '*���.��� '-X X ' 'yX- *, XX '' '.   ":--y ���*', 7.---' ',_.���_���'���      ���-_   /���.
Mineral locations are.granted to discoverers for nominal fees.
Absolute Titles are. obtained  by- developing; snch properties, the seenrity;
"' ^ .of which i* guaranteed by Crowc'Grante,.
Fill information, together with Mining^Beports and 7Maps, may be obtained '
gratis by addressing���   . '���"'."-:'' "'"''���""';.:���-������'-���"-"V ���'������'.������'''.- ���"-'���''
. ������/; -. ��� ��� " " '--';       :",    VICTOmA, British Colsmbia.


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