BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Ledge Aug 2, 1923

Item Metadata


JSON: xledgreen-1.0306055.json
JSON-LD: xledgreen-1.0306055-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xledgreen-1.0306055-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xledgreen-1.0306055-rdf.json
Turtle: xledgreen-1.0306055-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xledgreen-1.0306055-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xledgreen-1.0306055-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

'(Provincial Library'
Vol., XXX,
No. _!
Just received a large shipment of
Enamel, Tin and   Galvanized Ware
- - ���      Cousisting.bf
Double Boilers 3 sizes, Steamers A sizes. Stew Pots, Kettles, Milk
strainers. Collanders. Pails, Wash "Basins, Dish Pans. Wash Tubs.
Wash Boilers, Sprinkling Cans, Etc.
We carry Earthinware Crocks suitable for preserving eggs in
i    Mens Hats
^Ij-lllfflmmm mm^
s       -    -
Fresh Local
���        - ������ __ T��
Le^ye your orders with
Phone 46
Frgsh Chocolates.
Complete Assortment of
* Just in
Everything in Box and Bulk Goods
Nice Assortment of Presents for School Closing
Marmalade Season is Here
Try Our
Orange and Pineapple Marmalades
and Bramble Jelly
JE*alace Livery  Stable
Express and Heavy Draying
Auto's and Truck For Hire, bay or Night -
We carry
Tires, Oils, Greases, Hay and Grain
office Phone 13.   - _   Residence Phone 3l
|C       Summer
X .  New
I    Fit-Reform
Samples' for Suits
and Styles
W. Elson & Co
Real Estate.
Fire,  Life Insurance �� '
Licensed,by B. C. Government
Accident & Sickness Insurance
Auction off your'surplus Stock   *
Call" at my Office and see me-in*.
^ reference to any of above'
Paragraphs of Local Interest
One of the nicest coartcsies you can show yoar friends isjojet them learn through
this column of your visit whenever you go away. Let us know when .you have visitors
at your homes. The ledge will comider it a courtesy Whenever you give us an item
of this kind.   "Write,or phone 29L.
Half Price,
Commencing June 28, a Sale of my
present stock of Millinery, at Half
Price, will be held.     Prices and
stock will please
j -   Mrs. Ellen Trounson -
Greenwood Theatre
Commencing at 8.15 p.m.
Shake a shim with Jackie Coogan
You ought to see him do it. '      -   '    -
And shake a rib with laughter,  too,
all through this story of a  kid  who
adopted a man. Jt's Jackie's latest���
and Jackie's greatest,
5 Reels of Fun
and sometimes a sob
Sol Lesser presents
in 7
'.'My Boy"
Also one reel Christie Comedy
"Lost a Bridegroom"
And Oue red'Chester Outing
. "Every Day is Fiegta"
*-����*��/ JL_r * w-JvC'
Agenf for Dodge, Chevrolet, Studebaker
and Overland cars. Garage in connection.
d. Mcpherson      -     proprietor
4Ct - M
��� We carry only the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
. A trial will convince you
���JOHN MEYER - Proprietor
For Sale
Black Currants, Red Currants,
and Raspberries; also Spring
Chicken at 25c. per pound, undressed.- R. Forshaw, Phone
7L, Greenwood.
Closes on September 1st, 1923.
If y��ii are contemplating taking new service, or making any changes in br
additions to you present service, you should send notification, in writing,
not Uter t��an the above date, in order that you asay take advantage 'of the
new directory listings.
British Columbia telephone company.
Picked Apples For Sale
50c in your own boxes.    T. A.
Clark, Midway.
Dr, O. M. Graves, Dentist, will
be in Ferry, Wash., the first 8
days ol every month,   ���
'  Tenders  ..
Tenders wauted to build an addition
20 feet- x 20 feet to the Rock Creek
School, either as a separate loom or
straight addition. Tenders' to be in by
Aug. loth. . Apply to the Secretary,
Rock Creek School Board, Rock
Creek, B. C.
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge
Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw. B. A.
' ""* Greenwood
Services Sunday/ August Stfi
Midway. 2.30 p.m.
 Greenwood. 7.30 p.m.
Rev. I. S. Reeds, B. A., will conduct the
A. Sater *"i_ on a two ��� weeks
holiday in Idaho. \
. Mrs. John Hallstrom has returned from a few days visit to
Spokane.   ___
Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Pope returned last weekfrom a week's trip to
Doc. JVH. Goodeve has returned from a successful business trip
to Merritt.
Miss Ruth Axam has been engaged as teacher of the Boundary
Falls school.
Joe -Christian, of Christian
Valley was in town "on business
'on Saturday.
ChiefJ. A. Fraser and daughter, Ethel, returned from Nelson
and-Ymir on Friday last.
Sheriff T. A. T'aggart and
Keith Pincott, .of Grand Forks,
were in town on Tuesday.
.��� By defeating Midway 16 to 10
Grand Forks.stands second in the
Boundary Baseball League.
Cash paid for hides at Brown's
Daniel McKee left for Salmon
Arm on Saturday after spending
a couple of weeks vacation in this
city. ���     '"
Miss Mabel Axam left on Monday to spend a two weeks holiday
iu Trail, the guest of Mrs. Roy
' Berries are plentiful but sugar
is high and hogs are cheap hence
preserves are",nil. Years ago
they used to dry them.
Mrs. K. Walters and two sons
returned to Vancouver this morning after visiting Mr. and Mrs.
Wm. Walters for a week.
Miss Josephine McKee arrived
from Port Alice this week to
spend a holiday with her parents,
Mr. and Mrs. H.'McKee.
John Fisher left for Grand
Forks on Monday after being in
charge of the Government Office
during P. H. McCurrach's holiday.
Mr. Grooves returned to Trail
on Thursday last after spending
eleven days holiday, the guest of
Mr. and Mrs. E}. Lund, Kerr
ranch. " - _. -
Mrs. J. P. Flood returned to
Hunter's, V^Wash.,���on -Monday
after spending a few~"days in
town, the guest of Mr. and Mrs.
Charles King.
Mrs. E. T. Smith and daughter
Jean Louise, of Seattle, Wash.,
are the guests of Mr. and Mrs. A.
Legault. Mrs.-Smith is a sister
of Mrs. Legault.
Joe Caron and son, Harold,
returned on Saturday morning
from .Salmon, where they were
doing some work on Mr. Caron's
mining property.
C. T. Fenneri the travelling
barber, will be at the Rock Creek
hotel every Thursday afternoon
and evening and at Midway on
Friday afternoon and evening of
each week.
Rev. and Mrs. W. R. Walkinshaw, and ..son, John, left on
Tuesday morning on a motor trip
to Spokane. - They were accompanied by W. Walkinshaw, of
Vilna, Alta.
The boys who go out, from us
and make their way sturdily are
always honored when they come
home en a vacation. And the
successful boy does not readily
lose his affection for the old home
town. He likes to come bacfr to
it.      -
People lire of pleasures. Waiters get sick of the sight of roast
duck. To sit in' a boat all day
and watch a man fish is an unbearable hardship, to many, Yet
the worker in the hay field thinks
his the hardest work. But everyone knows that a lazy job makes
the hours long and hard to bear.
Community Picnic
W. Walkinshaw, accountant in
the Canadian Bank of Commerce
at Vilna, Alta., arrived in town
on Monday morning to visit his
brother and sister-in-law, Rev.
and Mrs. W. R. Walkinshaw.
Anund Anderson, youngest spnv
of Mr. and Mrs. N. J. Anderson,
of Boundary Falls, has returned
to his home after a year's treatment in: the Vancouver General
Hospital. Anund's many friends
will be pleased to learn that he
is greatly improved in health.
Although warnings against
the forest fire menace has "been
sent out repeatedly, Hon. T. D.
Pattullo, minister of lands; has
another appeal to make to the
citizens of British Columbia. The
hazardous season has arrived and
care during the next two months
will make a saving of millions of
Two nights' of great excitement and the liveliest things in
films will be shown at the Greenwood Theatre on Friday * and
Saturday, Aug. 10th and 11th,
with the William Fox screen
thriller "The Fast Mail" will be
shown. A Dance will be held
after the show on Friday and a
collection taken to pay for the
;.D. J. McDonald, of the No..1
Road and P. Gillis, of Newport,
R.I., called at The Ledge office
on Tuesday. This is Mr. Gillis'
first trip in the mountains and
although upwards of 70 years is
still bale and hearty. He has
worked with one firm for over 40
years. Mr. and Mrs. Gillis are
visiting Mr.-and^Mrs., D, _J, Mc-_
Dotfald.   x
_ The crowing of the rooster
seems a useless function, more
useless than the appendix which
decorates the human interior.
Yet the whole world wants to
strut occasionally and glorify itself with a proud defiance. This
seeming boasting must serve a
useful purpose, else it would not
have been so universally bestowed
by nature upon all creatures.    -
Special service will be held in
the Presbyterian Church on Sunday, August 12th at 7.30.p.m.,
for the Boy Scouts and Cubs and
their friends. All the boys are
requested to meet at the City
Hall"-at" 7. p.mT_ and~from~~there
they will be : escorted to the
church by Vthe Scoutmaster.
Parents are asked" to be present
at this service and encourage the
boys.   *
After living in- the district for
over 12 years Mr. and Mrs. H.
Snell left Rock Creek last Sunday for Brookmere, B.C., where
they have taken over the lucrative
business of store", hotel aud post
office. During the past few years
Mr, and Mrs. Snell successfully
ran .the Riverside Hotel v and won
a host of - friends throughout the
district who regret to lose such
good citizens, but wish them all
kinds of prosperity in their new
venture, ' '
It is interesting to watch the
harvesting of 250 tons of hay on
Floyd Bros, ranch near Greenwood. Their hay crop this year
is an average yield, for even in
dry seasons, with their splendid
system of irrigation they always
have a good crop, This year
they have added newv farm machinery including a side rake and
hay loader. The.side rake puts
the hay into wind-rows so that
the loader when attached to a
wagon can pick the hay up. This
machine is a great labor saver,
dispenses with two men and besides the hay can J?e harvested
much quicker. Both machines are
manufactured by the Massey-
Harris Co. of which T. M. Galley
is the district agent.
Have you paid your subscription to The Ledge?
Combination Strikes Lead
In answer to so many little
prayers and hopes and wishes,
Wednesday, Aug. 1st dawned fair,
bright and Broiling.
If "Old King Sol" could have
known just how many little people
opened their eyes and smiled yesterday morning when they saw
what a beautiful day he had presented as his Community Picnic
gift, he must have felt a very
ruddy glow in his warm old heart.
Morning was spent in great anticipation, and about 1 o'clock
the children and their parents and
friends .commenced to wend their
way to the school playgrounds
and later to the swimming hole.
Sports of all kinds, .land and
water, were the order of the afternoon and provided enjoyment for
everyone, participants and onlookers. The variety and number and
the way they were bandied reflect
great credit npon those in charge.
Towards the close of the afternoon the weather seemed somewhat undecided but even that did
not prevent the children from having a glorious day. After" fehe
sportB the young and grown ups"
Went to the natural picnic grounds
near the C. P. R. Depot, and there
under the shady trees, along fehe
creek bank the picnickers partook
of supper. The crowd was big
enough and happy enough to secure
the maximum of enjoyment oufeVof
this popular part of the proceedings.
The ladies who capably handled
the refreshments bad all they
could do to keep the many hungry
mouths full and that everybody
had abundance to eat ia due to fehe
able effortB of the ladies.
Boys under 5 years���ist C. Sartome,
2ndG. Sartome, 3rdB. McGillvray.
Girls under 5 yrs���1st C. Docksteader,
2nd D. Garris, 3rd S, Docksteader. _
Boys over 5 yrs and under 7" yrs���ist
M. Madden, 2nd Ernie Johnson, 3rd
L. Sartome and D. Nichols.
Boys 'Over 7 yrs and under 9 yrs���ist
John McGillivary, and J. Morrison, 3rd
Roy Hallstrom. .
Boys over 9 yrs and under n yrs���ist
A. McCurrach and Eugene McGillvray,
2nd L. Mitchell, 3rd Tom Walmsley.
Girls over 9 yrs under 11 yrs���ist
Helen Kerr, 2nd Helen Bakke, 3rd Mary
Putzel.   '
Boys over 11 yrs and under 13 yrs���ist
P. Fraser, ,2nd G. Bryan, 3rd Edward
Boys over 13 yrs.���ist A. Fraser, and J.
Putzel, 3rd Jesse Puddy.
Girls over 13 yrs���ist Sylvia Price, 2nd
Bessie Bidder, 31 d Ethel Fraser.
Three-legged , race���ist G. Morrison
and R. Mowat, 2nd Allan and Percy
Fraser,_ 3rd Edward Johnson, and John
��� Three-legged race���ist Roy Hallstrom
and John McGillvray, 2nd Tom Walmsley and I,, Mitchell; 3rd Meredith Fenner and Bertram Price.
Centipede race���ist George Moarison's
team",- 2nd G. Bryan's team, 3rd D. Morrison's team.
Bicycle race, (boys)���ist Jesse Puddy,
2nd Geo. Morrison, 3rd Edward Johnson.
Bicycle race (girls)���ist Cicilia Hallstrom, 2nd Vera Walmsley.
Starter���Geo, H. Gray.
Sports Committee���Messrs. Bella, McCurrach, Taylor and Smith.
A report from the Combination
Mine of the Eholt Mining Co.,
states that ore was encountered in
the tunnel after the blast on Tuesday afternoon. During Wednesday ore was sorted out from the
muck and about one-ton-was secured with considerable more in the
muck in the mine which was not
cleared as The Ledge goes to press
so that the.width of fehe ledge can
uot at present be ascertained. The
ore ia high grade and shows native
silver and ruby.
Examination Results
Examination results for Entrance
and- High School were issued���last
week in Victoria and the results
for this district are as follows:
Greenwood���Ernest Wyder, 312;
George Morrison, 300; John
Wyder, 300.
Christian Valley���Charles C.
Noren, 300.
Rock Mountain���Hubert Dumont, 314.
Preliminary course, junior grade,
maximum 900���Juan L. Puddy,
Advanced course, junior grade,
maxmimum, 800���Ethel M. Fraser,
Junior matri.culation, completed
matriculation���Neil -E.   Morrison.
Q; F. District Association
At. a meeting of the United
Farmers of Greenwood District
Association held at Rock Creek
and attended by a large number of
delegates it was decided to appoint
a committee to take steps to bring
before ihe public the question of a
War Memorial for the Greenwood
It was also decided to hold a
Picnic at Midway on- Labor Day
and a committee was appointed for
the purpose.
Boy Scouts'
Troop   meets   on   Friday
7:30 p.m. in the Fire Hall.
Crop Report
In renewing her subscription
to The Ledge, Mrs. I. Skelton
says that she looks forward every
week for the news. There is
Eothing new or startling around
Danville except the crops are out
of sight, super abundant would be
the proper way of expressing it.
Below will be found, a brief
synopsis of telegraphs reports re- '
ceived at the Head Office of fehe
Bank of Montreal from its branches.
The branch managers have complete and intimate knowledge of
each local situation and are in close
touch with crop conditions , in - all
sections of the districts mentioned.
Satisfactory conditions continue
in fehe Prairie Provinces and prospects indicate a good all round
crop. Damage from hail and pests
is unimportant in aggregate. Prospects in the other Provinces, with
the exception of New Brunswick,
which has suffered from drought,
continue satisfactory.
Weather conditions continue
favorable. First crop of hay of
good quality gathered. Grain cafe-
ting commenced; crop above ever-
age�� In Kamloops \j3i_8tricfe _gram
more than double average, but rain
now needed. Okanagan apples
heavy crop, showing above normal
as to size, ��� Early varieties now
moving. Small fruits, roots and
potatoes slighily below average.
Prospects for later varieties of
small fruits improving. Pasture
Jackie Coogan to
Be Seen in "My Boy"
Jackie Coogan, the little star
who has won the hearts of millions
of Americans, has'-made another
picture, which will be seen at fehe
Greenwood Theatre on Saturday,
August 4th, It is "My Boy" and
it is by far the best thing this little
actor has ever done.
The story is gripping effective,
and contains both humor and
pathos. Jackie plays the part of
an immigrant orphan, who, although only "six years of age, is
faced with the necessity of making
his own living.- His start in the
game of life is effectively consum-
matrd through bis clever brain
work, and it is not long before
good fortune smiles upon him.   '
Claude Dillingwater and Matilda
Brandage are among the enppoife-
ing cast.
United Farmers Celebration
The United Farmers will hold a
celebration on Labor Day,   Sept
in Midway.    There vrill   be- horse
races,'foot r��eee, arjfeo faces, baseball *nd other sports.    Watch for
I big posters later. -���/
THE    LEDGE.     GREENWOOD,     B.     C.
Wireless Still
In Its Infancy
New System Bringing Wireless Within
Reach of All
Another great step in iho development of wireless telegraphic transmission has been realized.
A new system of low cost transmission has been discovered, which'
���will pu-t wireless communications ultimately within the reach of all.
Senator Marconi has amplified the
cabled statement concerning this
new system by giving further details
of the two m. nths experimental
cruise from which he and his staff
have just returned.
"The results have been very satisfactory," lie said, "and they constitute
a great progressive step in wireless
"We have transmitted message^ up
to a distance of 2,250 miles, not only
with a very much smaller amount of
energy and power, but faster and more
cheaply than with the ordinary system of long-distance wireless.
"There is a great increase, in efficiency, and cost i.s much reduced.
When this system is adopted il. will
mean that a power station for longdistance work can be erected at a
much less cost. 1 have telegraphed
on this system from Cape Verde Islands, off the African coast, to Marconi House, and 1 wanted to try from
Brazil, but time prevented it.
"To send this message clearly nnd
"more rapidly over those 2,250 miles
took less power than- a message from
London to Paris by the ordinary methods. In fact, it was only a small
fraction of the power required.
"It Is done by the utilization of
waves that have not been used before,
and the production of them efficiently.
The production of these waves could
not have been achieved at all 20 years
ago when I started on wireless research. The experiments have resulted in a greater Knowledge of the
science of wireless.
"That In itslf is a great satisfaction
to me. The fascinating thing about
this science is that you neverV know-
where you are, in the sense that something fresh is likely to turn up in research which shows you how to do
things better.
"That is why I say wireless is in its
infancy, though, of course, finality
will be eventually be reached. We
are a long way from that stage."
Senator Marconi declared:
That the long-distance wireless of
the future would be sent from stations
built at comparatively small cost;
That, given the necessary mechanical element, messages could be sent
clearly at seven times the present
speed, and ihat press and public would
ultimately have the benefit of-much"
cheaper commercial charges.'   '���' ���
In regard to;long-distance directive
wireless,'progrcss-has'also^ been-made':-'
Successful' directive"'-"messages .liave
been sent bvera distance .of-1.00 .miles,
��nd it wiil. soon be, possible to send
messages   directly -'���."localized"'.-' over
7 longer distances'.     ���;-   7   -���-." . -. "' V'
��� -- Senator: Marconi' proposes' lo go on
.-  another.; experimental, trip' in "a -few
.weeks'.time; and later to try- the new,
system of long-distance _wi..eles's-.;i'rom
.off-the coast pf America.'--" 7     .', Xy
' -7 The commercial advantages ;frorir a
cheaper ��� arid quicker system' of wireless between "the two hemispheres cannot, be.over-estimated...   .        '7'..'
Muzzling the Press in Russia
An Iceless Icebox
Story of How News Is Distorted
Suit the Communist Party
How the Soviet dictators gag the
newspapers of-Russia is told in the
New Vork World by its special correspondent, Samuel Spewack. Born
in Russia, Mr. Spewack received his
newspaper training in the United
States before being sent for the last I governed by the need.
.Will  Keep  Milk Sweet for Two  Days
In Warmest Weather
Make a double box, the walls four
inches apart, with a close-fining cover, or covers, but no bottom.    Dimen-j
sions 20 inches wide, 3U inches long !
and IS  inches deep, inside-measure- )
The   size,   however,   may  be
Is You t; Nose
Stuffed With Cold?
Sight For the Blind
Asks Canada's Help
In Pacific Defence
No'Excuse. If Dominion- Defaults Says
;-    '",'"'���. ./"Australian Paper     '.-'  '-",'_
. The London" Daily..Telegraph ���" Syd-
:ney-.correspondent^quotes the-'Sydney
Sun"-' as" commenting 'as-;folIow"s on
Premier Bruce's speech .recently, in.
which' he.'. demanded', for ..Australia' a
greater-part in'framing the' foreign-
policy of-the. Empire: 7
. "We must do.our-share-in tlie matter pf defense- and; call upon the other
dominions, to do .their share. - If Canada., refuses.' lo play her .part-in. the
7defense'.pE. the-;- Pacific���the ..present
contribution to its/defense.is. only 16
pence 7a .-head compared- with Australia's 98" pence���a pressing'; obligation
��� remains.'. There-is no excuse for-Can-
ada if she defaults."" "" "V-. y
[   The 7Sun'"-further declares that.the
effect.. of Premier - Bruce|s plea -.'for. a"
slronger voice in the -policy   of. the
Empire-is"that-' Australia   refuses   to
7. be   dragged" -Into  -the Empire's-wars
. without -the. fullest enouiry -. and - the
."most definite assurances. .    -���'-.'���   .''���'
year to reside in Moscow. Being
prevented by the censorship in force
from sending the true facts outside
of Russia, Mr. Spewack has written
his account while fresh in his memory upon arriving at Riga. Prom
there he explains how the "much-
quoted, but little known, Soviet press
constitutes one of ihe most important
phases of Russian lif.e"
He can vouch with intimacy for
that about which he writes. "For a
year," he writes, "1 have read the
leading Soviet newspapers. I know
their editors and reporters. 1 have
spent many even.'ngs in the office of
the Moscow Pra'vda, prize and pride
of Communistic journalism."
"But,, every newspaper in Russia is
the organ of tlie government. Every
newspaper editor is hound by the
discipline of the Communist party.
No pretence, is made at presenting
news. The function of fhe newspaper is to create public opinion which
will1 favor what the government favors."
''Consequently; every ''editorial is a
government pronunciamento, every
story, a government, interpretation.
News is distorted, faked ad colored
as no subservient press anywhere
else could attempt." 7-. . So "the
man in the street in Russia has no opportunity of judging events in or out
of Russia except as the Soviet government wishes him to judge them."
News as such does not -exist.
"Take Lenin's illness, certainly the
biggest story in Russia. "��� For months
every Communist in Russia knew Lenin was ill. ' But you did not find a
word of it in the newspapers. Then
the council of people's commissaries
held a meeting. Somehow the rumor
had leaked out, and oflicial silence led
the rumor-mongers to believe Lenin
was already dead,
"The council obtained a carefully
pruned bulletin from the physicians
and ordered the newspapers - to Sprint
it without comment. From then on
every morning the newspapers car-
rid a box giving the temperature,
pulse and general condition of the
patient. Then a brief announcement
was'made that his condition had improved to the extent, where bulletins
were no longer necessary. 7
"After   Lenin's   second   stroke the
council decided if would'   not -��do   to
worry    the    masses' with the story.
Every, newspaper received  strict  orders not to carry it.    ,One of Lenin's
physicians told me there 7 was   little
chance   .of ' recovery.    T 'managed to
send the hews out.- =;',-   -.,     .'. '���-���/���_��� 7
. ."Immediately"   after  .this" the .ban
was' lifted:, .. Once more" the ' cryptic
bulletin appeared.Wit still flare's- in-
termittently,-.a".set of figures-meaning,
nothing to the .average/mind.... -.;.'..
.."Tlie'   execution    of'Mgr.-Butchka-
vitch". 'was. dismissed   in two lines,-
tueked-away in an.'obscure corner. .11
was printed - three _days; after, the exe:x
���cutipn,'. three days after' every newspaper  -rri'an   in;" Moscow knew of. it.
Such was the ."orderqf'the. council."
-Mr. Spewack. writes that one. .ofthe- favorite .tricks . of. Soviet.- -newspapers Is printing, .a; fake, letter from
a: mythical individual -demanding, an
act contemplated^ byvihe government.
As he explains:---'Theh other- letters,
appear."' A- cam p.aign Is- started. The
government'"steps in -to. ."satisfy .the
popular-clamor," and-.'does' what .it.al:
ready had determined to do." ���"-.-.,'_��� 77
T'7r'Th'l_Tprbcedure,--'was followed, in the
seizure of church "treasures.' 7 It be-.
gan','wlth": a letter .purporting to come
"from,-a priest printed-.In" the Pravda.
Other, letters' followed.. The-only
way-of alleviating the>. famine .was-to
seize 7church-,' treasures. . After ..two
months: the government took action.
��� 'Summing up, Mr."Spewack writes:
"The Soviets regard" the press as-.one
of their departments. - It is-a means
of continuing In power. ' .Given, this
machinery, the .result, could .be" foreseen.".  ''"     7." -:.' -..   ".-���'. ''-���".' -.' ."���'���
Several one-inch holes should be
bored in the side walls of the inner
box and covered with fine screen. In
a shady place dig a hole-the exact
size of the outer box- and floor it with
several inches of gravel. Place the
box therein with the top flush with the
surface of the ground and the gravel
forming the bottom. Every morning
pour on the gravel a pailful of fresh,
cold water and the icebox is iced for
the day. A larger box would require
more water.
This 'box has kept milk sweet two
days during the warmest weather.
The evaporation keeps the tempera-
lure low. o
The above is,not only useful where
one does not have an icebox, but is
excellent to take care of the overflow
from that always congested receptacle.
It would be exceptionally good on a
farm where there is a great deal of
milk and butter to be taken care of.
Making Pets of Fish
Zurich Doctor Has Fish Eating Out of
-His Hand
Is it possible to tame fishes in the
same way as we do other creatures
that become our pets? The answer
is, "Yes."
Dr. Fastenrath, of Zurich, has succeeded in taming fish ln the Lake of
Lugano to such an extent that they
eat out of his hand and allow them-
es,lves to be taken up and caressed.
For six months the doctor repeatedly stood in the lake up to his neckin
water, and holding a piece of bread in
each hand. At the end of a couple
of months the fish^came up and nibbled at the bread and eventually became quite friendly.
Upon several occasions Dr. .Fastenrath let a white'-gcreen down into the
water, and against this background, by
means of a special eamera, he took
some curious photographs of his finny-
Don't load- your i
stomach with cough j
medicine. N '���-
Send healing medication through the
nostrils ��� send it
into the passages
that are inflamed
with Catarrh.
It's easy to get
rid of a bad cold, to
drive out Catarrh, to
strengthen a weak
Hhroat hy inhaling
Calarrhozohe. Get Catarrhozone
from your druggist today. By using
it frequently .you keep the air passages free from germs, and thereby
prevent many a bad cold. Two
months' treatment $1.00; small size
60c. Refuse a substitute. . By mail
from The Catarrhozone Co., Montreal.
Strange Destruction Of Church
"Gone tb~ the Dogs" Was Bishop's
Literal Report
Strange was the destruction of a
little house of worship north of Hudson Bay, as once reported by the former bishop of the diocese.
. He had attended a Synod of the
Canadian Church -at Winnipeg, and
there had" seen a. missionary bishop
who- had been six weeks, on the way,
having come most of the distance in a
canoe.'.' The missionary bishop reported "gravely that.'the diocese of a
brother bishop had "gone to the" dogs."
'-' Being asked for,an" explanation,";h"e
said that'the-Eskimos' in.the diocese
liad- built the church, with .whales'.'ribs
for rafters, and covered it with walrus'
hide." . The little.- church7held. eighty
persons; "but 'in. the lime .that'elapsed
between two, services'the building was
set',upon by a-pack of famished dogs,
and "actually devoured in- a fe.w' hours.
German . Girls   Receive   Strike' Funds
��� Thousands of women arid girls',were
thrown' out .of employment,, in .faetor-
-'-les by the French.occupation of 'the
. .JRiihr district, but'ignore-domestic,'ser-
���; vice offered them.because they receive
-" strike - funds from ; Berlin -and local
* municipalities anioun.fng.to more than
'wages,in homes. It" is." as 'difficult to
-"obtain.housemaids .in Germany" as in
this country., -���  . '-.'��� ",'./ .���-.:       -7
._ A.girl's idea of a   rose 'withoutVa;
"thorn ��� is a handsome' young man-who
��� Is rich-and eligible.--
-. TPoisonous mushroom readies its full
growth'in 12 hours.
Clear, Bright and Beautiful
W.   H.   U.- 3-1S3
7:P!easing Himself.- - '���', 7"
..'Uncle Joe,.on a.visif.to his.brother's
household,: see.med ..particularly; interested In. Henry,., the hopeful. 77 "And
what are. you going to .be-when you
grow. up,.Henry.?-"-.he asked genially.
."?Well."-returned Henry;, thoughtful,
"after.'I have been a minister to please
mother,'.and a judge.to please father;
I am/going to be a'"policeman."" -'.7-7
Win Many Prizes
Total of.229 Prizes Won by Saskatchewan .Farmers in Eleven-Years
7 From- 19V1 to 1922,. Saskatchewan
farmers,have won 229 prizes:for their
grain, grasses and-vegetables'at International shows held in Canada and the
United :-"States7" Of.-these VrVotal- of
8f were .either sweepstakes.or first
prizes.-- . In: addition;:a ji'n rge'7 number.
of7p'rizes .have been -won for livestock
raised in the" province,,the exhibition
of .-wheat has' been a-' prominent-feature at ��� all the shows where.they' have
been shown."     .-.-.- .'��� ,   - -  .
Coming' Of
Wireless Age
May  Direct Path  of  Everything  Moving on Surface of the Earth
Under the heading, "Coming of the
Wireless Age," a British scientist contributes a striking article to a London
newspaper, in which he predicts .that
wireless will be used in the near future for .directing ships at sea, train
and trolley service, traffic control on
the road, fleets of battleships arid aircraft. "It will be possible," he says,
"to direct the path of everything moving on. the surface of the earth, not
even excepting\-human beings, by
means of wireless."
The Initial step in harnessing this
potent and little-known force, was
the establishment some weeks ago of
a wireless lighthouse on Inchkeith Island, in the Firth of Forth. XBy
means of this 4'lighthouse," ships can
be directed through the dangerous
channels "of the^Firth by wireless; so
that there is no possibility of their
running ashore or being wrecked even
on the darkest night or in the densest
fogs.       , ��� '"   ��     '
Steps are being taken, in conjunction with the British Board^of Trade
and the meteorological office, to internationalize wireless direction of ships
at sea. At the present moment there
Is lying hi the Port of London a ship
that has been specially fitted with
powerful wireless deceiving sets to
give demonstrations of this new
method of navigation in, all the principal ports of the world. ;
Setting out from London, this^ missionary ship will sail for China,- via
the Mediterranean/Indian Ocean and
the Straits, and: thence on _,to North
and South America, and back across
the Atlantic to . Europe and South
Africa, giving demonstrations at every
Wg port en route. .
. The most ambitious effort, however, will be a cross-Atlantic " aeroplane flight which is to-be made late
<in" the summer: 7 The machine will
carry : both ��� pilot and ' observer,.- but
their'.attentions"' will be- confined , to
the actual flying side.' ' 7 . XX V -. ''-.."-
��� Setting out from Newfoundland, for
the first"-600 -.'miles of Its flight "the
awopl'ane will be elirected.by the Glace
Bay .Wireless Station. ��� \ Then it "will
bo picked ,.up'and, navigated . by a
wireless "lightship," cruising In", mid-
oceah; to a point, where control will be
transmitted to"Qngar,"-the- big-operating station-in.-this country. - - ' -. 7
' .The' whole 2,d6o"iniles o'f flight- will
be ..directed by wireless."..'
Sightless Animal  Is, Made to See
Viennese Scientist   -
If reports are true, Dr. Paul Kam-
merer, the famous Viennese scientist,
has.succeeded, not in restoring sight,
but in creating eyes where no eyes
were before. In a lecture before the
Cambridge University Natural History
Society he claim 3d that he had developed eyes in the proteus; a small
newt-like creature that is normally
sightless. '
The proteus is found in the waters
of underground caves, notably in Kentucky, where no light can penetrate.
Its entire existejo.ee is spent in dark
ness, and scientists,have argued that
if it ever possessed vision, this must
have been lost thousands of years ago.
Dr. TKarnmerer stated that he' took
the proteus���a sickly white-hued creature with no outer vestige of an eye���
from its dark environment, and placed.
it in the daylight. But the effe'et ot
ordinary daylight merely- caused a
dark pigment to form. on the skin
which destroyed all chances of optic
development. Thereupon, he secured
a young proteus and exposed it to a
red light for five years. -     -���-
"The water," he stated, "in which It
live.d was ' continually illuminated."
Ordinary-re"d light develops the dormant eyes, causes it to grow eighteen
times its original size, and makes it
penetrate the skin under which it was
previously hidden."
The blind porteus, with a blind ancestry of a thousand years behind It,
came to see, and Its body color changed from a forced rhubarb appearance
to a respectable dark hue. ^
The_doctor appears to think -there
are many hidden things, even in human beings, that may be brought to
the surface by suitable illumination.
Volcanoes In Britain
Many. Thousands of Years Since They
Were Active Say Geologists ^
"The recent performances of Mount
Etna have set scientific people specu-.
Jating about the volcanoes which, they
declare, certainly existed at some-remote time in the British Isles. They
even go so far as to say that, at one
time Dartmoor must have been a volcano, declaring that its "form suggests
a breaking through'and spreading out
of the granite. They do not, however,
say how long ago this was, but content themselves with3 the statement
that it, must have been a very early
volcano���and when a geologist talks*
like that you know, that he means a
pei'iod almost incredibly remote. More
recent are said to be four volcanoes
in Scotland, in Skye, Rum, Mull, and
In Ardriamurchan Point. These I understand, are believed to -have been
Don't refuse the mustard when it 13]
passed to you. Cultivate ~the habit of'
taking it with meat, especially fat meatJ
It stimulates the digestion and aids ill)
assimilating your food.       ."'    ,
HousekolcL Hints
Recipes   For
the   Busy
Chocolate Raisin Frosting
1   cup   milk,   1 cup confectioner's
4 squares unsweetened chocolate.
1 teaspoon vanilla. s' '-
*�� cup chopped* Sun-Maid seeded
Cook milk and "-chocolate together,
stirring constantly until'thick. Add
sugar and cook again until thick. Tlie
mixture shuld drop heavily, from a
spoon. When cool add raisins and
flavoring and spread o'n a cold cake.
Utilizing Farm Waste
Paper May Be Made Fr��m Straw and
.-   '.':.' V: Other, Material- . 7.
���[ The possibilities of the development
of amelhod "by which straw and other
waste on-farms may be ,u"se"d; In'tfce
manufacture of .paper; are tb "be" investigated in Canada by "Sir Frederick
Becker, the noted "paper manufacturer.
He will spend . two months in the
Dominion. 7 7 '-.-"'"-''" -���    ���   -".'���
Objects to Paying Taxes
Former    Kaiser    Has. ^ Quarrel--'With
.-���" Municipal Authorities at Doom'   *'
-.William Hoheuiollernls quarrelling
with the Dutch ��� over. the payment o'f
taxes.:' -He.is7now engaged"in a"dis:
putc.with. the municipal authorities of
Doorn- oyer- the question of ibcalV.as-
sessments.': The fornier German e'm^,
peror refuses to. pay,'contending that
the municipality Is not entitled to^lts
demand because7he came to, Holland
under, compulsion.. ��� 7  7.
-The. Doorn ; city fathers maintain
that he came there' voluntary, and
have decided to enforce the. law: with
retrospective effect. /       : -/.       ;
...The municipal council of Amerori-
gen, where . the' former .emperor resided the"first' year7of. his exile,'has
not been slow in following up the
decision of the Dporh. council, an<3
proposes to" submit Its claim for arrears Jn taxes;..-.'.".     . -" -. '������
10,000 feet high or as high as Etna-today ; at" present, of course, they ar��
but a~third of that height, a fact, which
suggests that quite -a few tens of
thousands of years have passed since
they went out of the .smoke and-lava
business..- .There is.not the least fear
that, you will ever hear of lava streams
pouring- down the Scottish hills or of
tourists,dashing to'.see" an eruption in
Skye,".as they, have been dashing-'to
Sicily7-:, There;are some luxuries we
must be content to do without���From
theOverseas Daily-Mail....";.
Oldest English Inn
The Original Prescription.
The" Prince ./"of .Wales tickled.the
medical world o.f London" at their ban-,J
quent - recently- by :"remarking. that!
there were no doctors in-the Garden
of,"Eden because' Eve- obviously knew
the. familiar prescription.:'"An apple a
day keeps- ihe doctor away." -.
:  $2'is. Minimum For Weeklies      -
A! two-dollar subscription .rate for
weekly newspapers Is--.the- minimum
price at which tliey can be produced
without loss, according... to. E.   Roy
Sales, .manager of tiie .Weekly Nevs;
paperA'Asociatio.n, in addressing mem:
bers.of the,Bay of- Quinte Newspaper
Association.'   . - :���---���>-' --'
. Cahnot^'Get Insulin-.From Sharks .���,
;" '���:��� The".; .Fisheries .Bureau.'.."at''Washing-"
ton reported .that it'had met-w'itYt little or no success iii- efforts to obtain
from sharks a supply of insulin, now-
being used with excellent results in
the treatment ofUlabetes.
A' single.'ounce,'of'gold can be
drawn into a" wire forty-eight miles'in
length.-7.-' '"     ��� - .-   7- ,-''-['
Was Given Licertse As An Alehouse In
-X- [ ,i. \ ��� V'l397V:' "'-'_��� ���'.'���.-'���'
: One\pf the oldest inns in England IB
the"George Inn, at a,village near Bath,
Icalled Norton St. Philip.- it is a>al>~
timbered house; with walls three feet
thick, "and was licensed as an alehouse
in '1397.7 -It has"historic' Interest'as
the Duke, qt^ Monmo'utlVand' Oliver
Cromwall- slept beneath- its.-roof���the
Duke"of7Mcnmouth,- on.-the..night of
J'unb.26,1685, just-before the battle .of
Sedgemo"or'7 There, is, a'small oalt
chair of .the" same .peribdj;which was
used in this bedroom1;.arid t'Bfe massive
oak door is intact.and shows the game
strong iron bolts which.used to. secure
It in those far-offdays.'V: AJso.may.be
seen sme7old: oaks settles arid several
deep""bak cupboards; and tlie rooms
contain much fine oaic panelling."
��� Apple Cake
4 cups flour, 1 teaspoon salt.
6 teaspoons baking powder, 1 beaten egg.        ' '-..-���
���''4 "tablespoons butter, 1 teaspoon cinnamon.      ...  '
- %' cup.sugar, 1 cup Sun-Maid seeded
raisins.     , .,'���''
Apples, 2 cups milk. ""^ -     '
., Sift together.the dry ingredients and
rub in the butter as for biscuits, add
the beaten egg and/the milk, work to a
smooth dough, and'spread on a shallow
baking pan. Spread the top with
melted butter, and four tablespoons
sugar mixed with one teaspoon of cinnamon. ... Cover this with one cup of
raisins and cover the raisins with
peeled, cored and sliced applesr Bake
in a moderate oven thirty minutes.
Mystery of the Heavens
Inventors  Spent  Much  Time  On   Instruments to  Measure Sun and
���'��� ' '*��� ������' 'Stars   '   ���'-
Professor II. 7 Turner, iru a lecture
delivered at the. Royal Institute, said
that we couldV make7 a 'soup-plate
seem the same size as tlie sun pivthe
moon by putting it at a suitable'distance from'-the eye.
"The subject of his lecture wasy"
"The Size of a Star," * and "he told
his audience how ingenious world as-
tronomers had been in inventing accurate methods of measurements..
"You will have, noticed that the sun
and the moon seem to be the same.
size, bufthe. sun - is 400 times larger
than the moon. ���Now, even if we
know the distance of the stars from
the earth, they seeih to be of no size
at all, even in the biggest telescopes."
It looked as if it were not possible to know the size of, the ,stars
until Michelson.��the American, showed how. to.-adapt a-small-telescope to
a system.of mirrors. ':'
In that' way the first star, Alpha, in
'*{ the constellation of Orion, was measured and found to be 400 times as
large as the sun, .   It was hoped to
measure a smaller star in the future.
Beacon Lights For
Night Mail Flyers
Route Between. Chicago and Cheyenne-
Will   Be~llluminated
Thirty-seven searchlights,..to be installed, along the "after dark-section"
of   the/ trans-continental, aoroplano,
mail route, to be established by tho
post-ollice department   this   summer ,
have - been   shipped   by the General ���
Electric  Company from its  plant  at,
Schenectady to various places between
Chicago and "Cheyenne, Wyo.
Each   one^*of   these lights has a*
rated   illumination    ofv 5,300,000 can-
These  searchlights  will   constitute
the   Beacon    posts    of the night by
which   the   postal   aeroplane' pilots���
will   be, guided   over the entire 800~
miles of the night airroute.
- At each town where the lights are
to be'placed   an   emergency   landing
field will be located, scientifically illuminated, to be used by the pilots if a
landing is necesasry.
Each light will be mounted on a
steel tower 54 feet high, and will
be operated automatically by electric
. Doubled Up
'���     With Pains
If you are suddenly attacked with
.diarrhoea, dysentery, colic, cramps or
pains in the stomach or any looseness
of the bowels do"not waste valuable
time but at once procure a bottle of
Dr. Fowler's Extract of -Wild Stfa#- -
berry and' see how quickly it "will relieve you.
Mrs. -Ernest Morris, 3 Webb St.,
London, Ont., writes:���"I take great
pleasure in recommending Dr.vFowler's Exiract_of Wild Strawberry for
what it has done for me.
Some time ago Itook an awful vie *
lent headache, then started to vomit
and felt so sick I could hardly stand it
all day; towards evening intense pains
came In my bowels and I was just
doubled up the pains were so bad; the
perspiration stood out'like, beads'on
my forehead; then the diarrhoea started and I-really thought I was going to
die.      .     N   .
My husband went to the drug" store
and got a bottle of Dr. Fowler's Extract of Wild Strawberry; he gave me
four doses, at intervals, and by, noon
next day the diarrhoea had' stopped
and the'pain was all gone too.     -;
Now I will never be���without,'Dr.
Fpwler's' in,the house?' " 7
Price 50c a bottle; put:up-bnly by '
The T. Milburn Co., Limited, Toronto, '
Ont. '     '
Mahogany-trees; do. not reach their
full height-'until-, they are 200 years
old:;-':'5' ���" ''.'.'
Paid Bill With-Gold ,., 7
r The days.of the Klondike were recalled ,at.tli<�� Waldorf:AstorJa recently
when- the hotel treasurer sold $5,000
worth of gold dust and nuggets to the
Government.^ A westerner; arrived
at the hotel, with no baggage and .with
very, little cash.. - He .had ��� several
pokes of gold which ��� he'asked the
hotel; treasurer -to- guard.'- 7 When',he
.was'"ready.to leave he requested that
the gold be sold: arid thehotelbiildeV
ducted. The Government, warn iff adv.
purchaser. .-'.'"
V Wheat Exports'nerease . .
. Exports of wheat .from Canada dur
fnjj, June amounted to 22,228,898 bushels'compared with 11,760,477 bushels
in June a.year''ago.- . Wheat flour exports also increased from 784,625 barrels'to 904,619 barrels; ..During, the
ten months ended June, wheat exports
were 205,000;000'bushels,-an increase
of -68,0.00,000 bushels" over7 the . same
period a year-ago.   - --���  _.' ..-.
London Still World's
Financial Centre
......��� ^r   ���
7 Perfected
Secret   of   Supremacy   is
Machinery of;Money Market -
.Despite, .the. "fact-- that' the United
States, now holds .half of -all; the
monetary gold 'iri" ther^wptld.' Lon:
don still retains .its position as-'the
world's financial .���centre.. Various reasons.'are given .for this;fact,, but..the'
real s'ecret.of its-continued supremacy,
is ihe.:.j)erfected .machinery of . Its
money market.--- Its marvellous" dls:
count market,' jits expert appraisal and
knbwledge.ofworld markets for goods
pf practically'every kind, it's complete
and tested system of insurance., and,
largely as a .result of all this; its low.
interest- rates���these", are the "things
that have kept London's posilion relatively secure. It Is. the' result not
pnly.'of tlie lifelong"training of the individual British - banker," but -of the
generations of training and tradition
behind iiim'.r���New York.Herald!,
^Frenchman's Daring Stunt
Rode  Bicycle  to Ground from  Eiffel 7 ~
V   Tower Station      %   "'";
Elding" from tiie   first   station  "of 7-
the Eiffel Tower to the ground on a
bicycle was- thev-daring achievement .'.
of -a'-ybung"F:erichraan.7"~In~ "the' "first-.-- ~-
leap the bicycle coyered forty steps.
The.  remaining ; steps.were coyered ..
at the rate,of from, fifteen to. twenty ---���'-.
in" each jump/    Iri less than orie7and 7
.brie-half minutes-he had covered the \>
entire distance pf ninety, yards and ��� 7
was-only slightly".scratched   on 7 pne,:7
leg as. he rounded a post at the bot-  .
torn.     Not.a burr on the bicycle was 7
looisened. ���--'-'- -" ���'*-��� ���'. -.���.���.;'"..' .?:-    '���'." "-
Electric light meters in Toronto
are- now "read" by mf;ans, of, photograph's taken with.a. special roli-filni
camera/1 -   X' -       -   7-    '; .... ���
A Greenforci. (Middlesex)' factory
has a. .doctor, demist; .nurse, raanirfr-
Ist-.and chiropodist.en its.st.aC/..- ���'
FEET..     **'
Eath'e" them, with Minard's.
heals, eases.
Recall Scottish immigration
The-residents of Pictbu'district:'and
many others from neighboring- coun-
(ties, as well as public men from differ-,
enl parts of Canada, headed by Governor-General 'Byng . and Lady 7B3-ng7
liars* just engaged iri a celebration to
mark the 150th anniversary of the
landing of the first Scotch settlers in
Canada. A replica of the ship "Hector/' which brought the iiistdiic immigrants, was a feature'.in the pjfgeanf
which marked the event.
Hubb.���"Haven't laiways given, you
my'salary;check bnrthe.first, of every
month?" /.. : '"'���'���' ���; ��� X: X -V'' -'
������ WifeV-"Yes. but,'you "never-told, me
you got paid, on the first .and the
fifteenth,.you embezzler,!", -..   ���";
Self is lost to "the individual who as
surries the^ airs' of others
7 Little Unemployment -
Statistics published by the Doniln
iori Labor.Gazette, show a marked increase iri enipioyment-'In -all: industries. ��� 'Unemployment has fallen��� 50'
per "cent; as compared with a. year ago.
-Machines for-.the. detection of. the
deadly "carbon monoxide.gas,, for, .use
Iri- mines,' .are now being- tested, '���'
Dusting Cotton From Airplane
,... Fifteen '.centsan acre Js. what.'a-corii-,'
merclal aviator charged to distribute,
poison over cotton fields -in Texas, and
the plane required pnly"three hours to.,
dust the,460;acre field'.   . The farrner"
who employed- the   aviator   said   .it.
would 7 have   taken   more than three
days 4ip dust the cotton ln the ordinary, way. ���--   ���'  V;   --..-, "     '.-���:.      -: 7
.,    The. Prince. Is.Winner '. :'
"-, Added interest was given; to Calr1
gary's. most- successful summer cxhi-"
bition by' tlie" winning of first place���-.-'
for .Clydesdale females ' by 7"'Balcalra
Eingle't,'", 'the" beautiful -yearling' filly ���'
recently imported: for the Prince of.
Wales' ranch near'High River.      ..  :'���
- .When a wman .loses her ..temper,
she-shows her, age.
Typewriters whicli are painted
white all over are said to improve
the' users' output and cause Jess ey<e~
Etraia. --'-."' I ,
THE   > LEDGE.     GREENWOOD.     B.     0.
1 l/P-w
The Food Situation ^
In Germany Is Now
Said To Be Serious
. -j
Ir "��� ���:)
Berlin.���Berlin was a cilj; of penniless-' billionaires tonight. ' Bank deposits and foreign' bills of exchange
were useless, as the banks had only
small amounts (Of currency, .which,
were paid out, today in. small-bills.
51 any tourists were, unable to gel
money enough, to continue their journeys. The banks promise lo have
currency tomorrow, but no Jargft. bills
are yet available in- Berlin, and foreign monies are entirely out of circulation.
The food shops" in various parts
of the'city have exhausted their supplier of sugar, flour and rice, and the
police have been ordered to give spe^
cial protection to food-transports.
The political aspects of the situation are such that the municipality of
Greater Berlin has officially petitioned the Government to lake immediate
steps to safeguard and reorganize the
city's food supply and inaugurate a
system of price control.' This week's
price index shows food prices' tp, - be
71,000 .times the pre-war average.
In consequence of the food difficul-
'ties, Chancellor Cuno has,telegraphed/
the heads of the various agricultural
organizations,   appealing  lo  them-to
put the early potato crop on the mar-
-ket with the least possible -delay.
The present official rate on mark
exchange   is   760,000   marks   to ""the
. dollar,- but   speculators . today   were
giving "900,000.
London.���A dispatch to the Daily-
Mail from Duesseldorf says the questions of food and wages are growing
acute. Food supplies are slowly decreasing, and only a few shopkeepers
kepi open all day. Anxious crowds
' surrounded the banks and exchange
' offices..   -
The' dispatch adds that   the-  Ruhr
outwardly is calm,- but   that   underneath disquieting symptoms are 'discernible.     The people are-sick of be-
. ing coerced and would like to end the
situation, but will not yield.
Passive resistance has lost a certain number of supporters, but it still
remains a very definite obstacle to
peace. The correspondents say that
resistance-will end in about three
months, "when the people are faced
-with the approaching winter without
coal or work, and perhaps foodless.".
N   Chinese Must Register
All Chinese in Canada Must Secure
Ottawa.���The registration of all persons of Chinese origin and descent in
Canada is provided for by order-in-
council just gazetted, in accordance
with legislation passed at the last session of Parliament. The registration,
according to place of residence, has to
be made with immigration inspectors
or commissioners,1 customs oilicers, or
members" of the Royal' Canadian
Mounted Police. . Failing such officers, the Chinese may register with
the postmaster of their district. Parents must register children under 13
years of age, but such children must
appear before the registrar. Every
person so "registering must produce
three -copies of his' photograph, of
front view and without head covering.
A certificate of landing-is also required where available.
Chinese thus registered will be is--
sued with a certificate,""-., giving their
n^ime, age, description, v address, occupation, condition, birthplace, date
of entry into Canada and amount of
head tax paid. Attached to the certificate will be a photograph of the
person concerned. ������ ' ' '	
By another order-in-council now
gazetted," o/Iicials of the Department
of Immigration are made controllers
of. Chinese immigration at such cities
and ports at whicli they are at present located. Registrars will forward
completed registration forms to Percy
Reid, Chief Inspector .of Immigration,
Ottawa, who now becomes also Chief
Inspector and Controller of ^Chinese
immigration.     In the case of British
Columbia'   and   the Yukon, however,
.- . .' .'i
the ..completed forms will be sent to
the ' Commissionerv of   Immigration,
Vancouver. '
Notices,,will'be posted in all post
offices and other conspicuous places
in Canada, indicating where-registration may be made.
Increase In Butter Exports
Japan ��� Was Canada's Best Customer
During Month of June
Ottawa.���A remarkable increase in
the quantity of.butter exported during
the -past twelve months, compared
with the previous 12 months, is shown
by a report of the Dominion Bureau of
Statistics. Cheese exports show a
slight decrease.
Butter exported last June was 29S,-
123 pounds, valued at. $119,232, compared with 233,330 pounds; valued at
$78,909 in June, ^1922.     '���
Last-month's largest customer was
Japan,- which country, took 88,89.2
pounds. Butter exports for the year
ending June 30, were .22,569,033 lbs.,
compared with 8,096,7^73 pounds, the
previous year.
Exports of Canadian cheese, in
June, were: 61,786 hundredweight, at-
a value'of $1,137,650, while for June,
1922, they were 70,930 cwt., value
?1,087,327.     Cheese   exported for'the
..Chas. R." Morrison, Editor and  As-
Aaron Sapiro Coming
.Co-operative   Marketing   Expert   Wiil
-   *    Address Many Meetings
Regina.���Aaron Sapiro, the world's
greatest co-operative   marketing   ex-
. pert, wlh/deliver a series of addresses
in '"-Western Canada,", commencing in
Calgary on August 2nd. He will be in.
Edmonton oh August 3rd, and" will|ad-'
.dress a mass^ meeting in the Regina-
' Stadiufn, on the evening   of   August
- 4th.   ��� There will be a conference at
.Saskatoon on-Monday, August 6th. - At
.this meeting there will be"represented
many of the-business-  Interests' :of
-Western Canada, that are desirous of
seeing the  farmers receive abetter
-price for their crops." It-is expected
that, this representation "will   include
retail '.merchants',  wholesalers," bank-
..-ers; managers of loan- complies, implement men, .lumbermen, :the,oi;gan-
.. izers of rural municipalities," boards of
trades'/representatives of tra asportation companies as-.well as/farmers and
their,organizations.' -   -, *.
.���A mass"m"eeting7'wilrblTliefd "in "Sas-
; katpbn on August 7th, on the 8th and
Dth, Mr.-Sapiro..will be in'"Alberta,-and
on thiWoth-at Moose..Jaw...-. '&* wi,i
.'be in/Swift Current on August ll.th.
--'All the meetings -n ill .be held "at .2.30.
.o'clock in the afternoon, with the;��X��
-ceptiori of Regina, where, the meeting
' will be.held in the Stadium, commencing-f/i nine o'clock, city.time. .���'
. Brazilian Troops Revolt -"."'���,
:. .Buenos/ Ayres.���The .-.FifiV Cavalry
Regiment of Brazilian federal troops,
consisting of' '350 - .men," revolted al
Uruguayans? In; the. absence of-their
officers' and rode .the streets'.of the
town, discharging .their revolvers, "re.
-tiring-" after a short fight. with .'state
troops..   V      .'     -  .       '.   ���
.Establish Grain'Station
- Hamburg.���The Russian Soviet Government, it-is learned,;will establish a
grain receiving and  distributing station/here. ���_ Russia's "export grain will
��� be "cleared -through .',this station.,-   7 , ���
, Win For Conservatives
\-          7
Big   Landslide   Witnessed   In   P.   E.  I.
Elections ���
Charloltetown, P. E. I.���The Conservatives made .almost a clean- sweep
in the provincial election, tiie Bell
Government coming out of the.debacle
with only four seat's out of 30, ac.
cowling tp.,jvhal are..practically complete returns. . The opposition carried the .whole tenV seats in. King's
county,\ where the leader, J. D. Stewart, K.C., was,running. ..
In Queen's tho result was nine
Conservatives and one Liberal.
In Prince county, three,Liberals and-
seven Conservatives' were elected.
Every member pf the-Bell Government was' defeated, in almost every
case by large majorities. - ' -     X  [
���12 months ended June, was 1,129,855 ���'  rr���'
cwt., compared with    1.2-12.235    cwt.. j S,Slant Gon?ral ManaSei'< Daily Jour-
'nal, Edmontflfc, Alta.
compared with    1,2-12,235
during (he previous 12 months. i
Fresh cream exported to the United j
States, in June, amounted to 339,620 j
gallons, value $559",519, compared with
248,51.4 gallons and value ?347,987,
in June, 1922. 'i;he United States
took 2.11,077 gallons of fresh milk," in
JiUjc, value $'15,877, compared with
���15,529 gallons, Value $11,227, in June,
a year ago, \
First Irish Appeal
To Privy Council!:
More Traffic   -
Through Soo Canal
Last    Month    Shows. 70    Per    Cent.
- Increase Over June, 1922^
' Ottawa.���Traffic through the Canadian and United States canals al Sault
Ste. Marie during. June showed an increase, of 5,683,025 tons 6r over 70 per
cent, over June, of 1922. Wheat increased 13,050,590 bushels, or 105 per
During June last there was a total
of   18,909,000   bushels   of ' Canadian
Five    Appeals    Heard    By    Judicial
Committee Were Dismissed
London.���"1'he    first   petitions    fori.,
leave to appeal to the Privy Council j buslie,;7 f^unii^'stales"ports,
from Ireland since the Irish Free State
Defends League Of Nations
Expenses Not-Within Its,Control Says
' 'French Writer
'. Paris.���Recent attacks on the
League of Nations have moved Leon
Bourgeois to write a two-column letter in defence to Le Temps, which is
among the newspapers that havo
printed the criticisms. --
- M. Bourgeois summarizes the attacks as directed mainly against tin?
expenses of the league, which have
been declared excessive, and the cost
of its secretariat.\ Me says the finances of the league are controlled in
such a way that lhe secretariat cannot exercise any action in determining
expenses. "He points out that the
salaries were hot fixed by the league
Uself^but by the peace conference under Wilson, Clemenceau, Lloyd George
and Orlando. x
M. Bourgeois, denies the charge
lhat the league seeks to play the role
of a super-stale. Such a thing is materially impossible under the system
of organization, he says.
was "established,  were heard  by the!
Judicial Committee of the Privy Council, Lord Haldane presiding.
Previous to the creation of the Irish
Free State Parliament the. House of
Lords was the final, court of appeal for
Ireland, as fqr the rest of the British
Isles, but Ireland having become a Do-,
minion the Judicial Committee of the
Privy Council is the last "court of resort, for that, country. The appeals,
five in number, were dismissed.
grain passed ^through the canal_des;,
lined to Canadian ports and 6,9-14,406
this total of 25,S54,304 bushels Canadian vessels carried 19,288,657, while
United States vessels carried 6,625,-
647 bushels.   , -.-..,. - '-
B.C. Forest Fire
Freedom of London for Premier King
London.���The Corporation of the
City of London unanimusly resolved id'
confer the freedom of the city on Pre:
joiier./Baldwin of Great Britain, Pre;
mier W_; L; Mackenzie King of /Canada, and Premier S.'M. Bruce of Aus-.
tralia, in recognition bf their, eminent
position-and services..to the empire.
The presentation wiil lake;place in
October, when._the.7 Im perial/-Con fer-
'ence meets. . :. '  7 ��� -../'-��� v ��� -7
....-.-' . Withdraw Troops" : '.-:.-
Kingston, Ont.-^-The troops are. being ���wUhdrawn;.from-.Syd"riey,,.N.S.'.- as
a consequence of the settlement of the
miners'.strike. The'Royal Canadian:
Hgrse. Artillery'and "drafts.; from permanent'/force-units, left" on". Tuesday,
'.for_this "city.: i 7-7 .-..-_      ���"'������:: , '- _.'
..-.���r______ 'J.    . - :--v,-.-fr-i
.....     . - ���     --. ���..        .���    f - -   .
7 King's Yacht Aground, \.
...Southend-on-Sea,���The King's yiicht
Britannia ran aground, on the - Shoe-
bury sands near the. mouth of. the
Thames at the completion of. the, first
round of $ rlice. ���< She lies high and.
dry and her position is regarded as
Expect Rush Of
British Farm Hands
Railway "��� Officials Making Arrangements to Handle Large Traffic
Montreal.���Preparations are being
made by Canadian National Railway
officials at Quebec and Halifax ��� to
handle the large traffic in.. -British
farm laborers which=is expected to begin about the second week in August.
As a-result of.the reduction in fares
advertised by steamship companies in
till British Isles, it is- reported sev-,
eral thousand young Britishers will
"cross tlie ocean. Most of'them will
be sent to Winnipeg for distribution.
Self-Government Is
Success In India
Experiment  Has  Been  Justified7Safy3L
." Sir Frederiok White    '���'.
Simla,'/India.���Remarkable, success
has attended, the greater measure of
self-government - extended Wo the Indians three.years ago'according, lo .a.
statement  made- by, "Sir  . Frederick
of. Several Hundred. Acres
-vastated By. Flames
. Vancouver.���Two men have been injured, and a logging camp, including
bunkhouse and rigging, together with
a considerable quantity of timber, has
been destroyed by a forest fire ' al
Menzie3 Bay, near the moutli of Se��
mour Narrows, about 150 miles norch
of Vancouver. The identity of the injured men has- n^ot been ascertained,
but they have been removed io tlie
Campbeli River hospital.   ���
The' fire is reported to have"com-
riience'd in worked^ovtr slashings, and
it is said to be raging over an area ot
several hundred acres. The fire is
out of control, and is being fought b���v
a crew of "70 men.    .
Will Give Liquor ' w
Law Fair Trial
Premier" Bracken to"'Appoint Strong
j_ ' Commission In Manitoba' - V
-Winnipeg.���-'"It-is the purpose ot
the. Government-to appoint as strong
a-ebmhiission as possible, and to keep
politics "as_.far away, from it .as ���we
can," declared Premier Bracken when
commenting on'the new liquor law.in
the course of the 'speech from',the
throne debate. ./The legislation would
be given. :a.'fair trial, "he said,, and
nothing-would be .left undone to in-i
j sure it's success/ "'.in
Father Delorme Case
May Have Commission of Alienists
Examine Into Mental Condition'
-Montreal.���A petition to the.Lieu-
lenant-Governor-in-'Council for a commission of alienists to enquire into
the .mental condition of the Rev. Ade-
lard Delorme is believed tp be the
next step in the tangled situation that
exists in this case. While definite
nnd official information was not available today, it is stated on good au-
tority that this will ��� be Uhe-procedure'
to be, followed, says ihe Montreal
Should a commission of experts be
named, and should they find that
Father Delorme is insane, it would
mean his removal from Bordeaux jail,
where he is at present confined;��to
an asylum and would probably, be the
last chapter in the case.
: :������    j.j&t
First Seaplane
Launched at Montreal
Five More Being Built to Fight Forest
/ Fires
Montreal.���The seaplane E.U. was
launched-here, and made a short trial
'flight, at the end of which it became
the property of the Canadian Government. It cost $20,000 to build and is
equipped- wiih 350-horsepower Rolls-
Royce engines. The seaplane is the
first of six now being built here and
will be used in fighting forest fires.
' Railway Construction Activity
Ottawa. ��� Employment conditions
throughout the country showed a
slight improvement en July ti: Reports to the Bureau of Statistics from
5,755 firms, with,an aggregate of 81.5,-
1.25 persons, ^showed an increase ot
two per cent. <��� The greater activity
is indicated in the Western and Maritime'Provinces, - The most notable
.Increase in "employment is. on railway
constrtiction.'and maintenance,' which
is' up to JG9: ���     .      "   , "\
Message Of Good Will
Is Brought To Canada;
By President Harding
Beaten By Turkey
turkey    Wins    War-Against    Allies
Which She Began in 1914
New Tork���Commenting on the Lausanne treaty, the Times says lhat on
the principle that peace, is better than
war one can be glad that the Lausanne negotiations have ended in the
signing of ji treaty, but that is about,
the only occasion for rejoicing.
The treaty-writes into history the
fact that the great powers^" were
beaten by the s Turks because of
their own moral and intellectual
shortcomings, declares the Times, adding that, while the Allies Avere beaten, the Greeks and Armenians will
have to pay the bill. "Nevertheless
since the powers entred into a Near
East arrangement^s-hich really settles
nothing, they will have to pay their
share in due lime," the paper asserts.
Thc Morning World declares that
"fine promises of -humanitarian obligations have again yielded lo political necessities," and the Turks unaided have again won a victory for
iheir nationalism whicli the Central
Powers in a military alliance could
not win for their armies.
_, The World adds: "It is fitting that
salvos in Constantinople should celebrate the signing at Lausanne and the
news that in 1923 Turkey has won a
vtar against the Allies which she.began ln lOl-l-;."     -    .
Ban Wheels Of Fortune 7,
Edmonton Mayor Puts'Clamp on This
Sporting' Practice
Edmonton.���No...more wheels of for-
tune will be allowed in fhe city under
any conditions, is ihe edict sent forth
by Mayor Duggan.
Wheels were allowed over the en-
lire Class "A" circuit of the fairs
and were run here, but the Mayor declares .he was not responsible for
them, as' he simply allowed the same
practice here as at the other fairs on
the circuit and the - ruling, against
wheels of fortune being a Government
affair, should be laken care of by the
Attorney-General's Department.. City
authorities have stopped local 'organizations running wheels at their
affairs in the past, and slate they will
do so jn the future.
Whyte;. President' of ..the/ Legislative' i V" " "" ������""" ,' "XX - f,ayiDg -' ,hflf'
a..������~_v.. ���rr��_r - ' "1 ��� 7 , ��� 1 however,.he appealed 10 the people to
Assembly of India, speaking ata-ban-; - . ���-��� .,, .- ��� -- -, - .,-' - .-
_V_Q*' c_W 1 'M���'hL' tV " m, --recognize, their moral responsibilities
quet. given, in his. honor here.,- . Thei^--- y. -.-. --, ,-- �������� - _..-- .-
r... >��� <!.���_. ���~ / r XL r ;��� " -A T.^it0 set behind-the. Government nr en-
first, three years of the Indian ParM-    	
meni," he/said,.has" proved this/
7Sitoation. In-Greece, is Grave '
V Paris.���The7_situation in ".Greece is"
described ..as of, the gvayest; by Belgrade, newspapers, says a'disjpatch.toi Cemeterv. here!
fprcemeut of-1 he .new-law;
the/.Matin, from the Serbian capital."
News from Athens declares the Re-'
publican- movement is. gaining/ headway in the army and. that a ministerial
crisis isiiiin^nent owing.to,a,split, iu
tlie Venlzelist party. 7 7
Dr.. RutherfordTBuried at Ottawa ,
.-' Ottawa.'/--; Dr.';--J.  "G_   Rutherford,
memb'er"br.-ihe Board-pf Railway Commissioners; .was buried in/Beechwbod
The funeral 'was/an
.7  Create New Judicial Pistricts ' '-
Regina.���Two new judicial dlstricFs
have been- created in Saskatchewan,
an order-in-council having"; been passed, Hon. J. A. Cross, Attorney-General,
said/   /These are. termed the Maple
The King was not .on board.' Creek.and Leader districts arid wil!
\ ,-���-.-       , .fcave.their.ceiHres/at those hyp towns
'respectively.''--.-:'-"  '-.-���-.'..   -_-.-.     -.;
Will Keep Secretaryship '.. .
London.���Official denial is made of
ii. rumor which has . been prevalent
here lately that the Duke of.Devonshire wishes to resign fiom the Colonial Secretaryship. '   / -  :'.''���
Speeches Of Poincare
Bristol, . Eng.���Former .Premier
Lloyd George" made k fierce attack on
M. Poincare, the French Premier, in a
speech here.- He objected to M.
Poincare's habit of making speeches
on* Sunday, which, he pointed out, was
a day conseirated to goodwilling and
hardly a day to '"'unscrew the.-cylinders of carefully distilled hatred, ill-
will, siispleioa and anger_among. the
jaations--"--     ���   . -' -  ... ".   ���
&X N. ��� U. ,/l453 ,
..Alluding   to   pjiBt nogQiiatiohs
Lloyd George said: ;
"I did not. fall otit with M. Poincare.
but it was very difficult. Mr. Bonar
Law5 also found it quite impossible io
work with ,hini."   '
Tiie former Premier- accused' M.
Foincare. of "wickedly distorting" his
speeches, and expressed the hope
lhat the "British efforts toward peace"
would' not be converted into "mere
fuel for further devastating".' and
scorching flames; whj^h bum up the
peace., prosperity,. projrr��-s and .happiness of mankind."'-    ";.. ' ���""*��� <
unusually, large one, and was attended
by "ministers o.f the crown, High 'Government official and a large".represent
tation'/bf.-- the' capital's business, life.
The:: honorary -pallbearers included the
entire Board of Railway Commissioners/ " Sir /Robert Borden, 7 Ifon.VG.,, P.'
Graham and Hon. Chas'/Murph'v.'-
i-.v   -....---      .     .... - *      -   ��� .
./Entertain. Senators From Canada.:
Paris.-r^P;remier Poincare entertained at.' dinner:: Senator", Dandurand,
Senator Beaublen and-other members
of the mission accompanying the. Canadian'.trayejiing exhibition now louring'France.',,      y 'y ���[_.'���. ';���"���-"--"��� -.     - ;
-;      -: Restocking jasper Lakes..   ... .'
1 Winnipeg.���-Restocking the'Jakes ;it
Jasper'National -Park ,' by. Dominion
parks. . otlicials is.'now. under, way.
80,00.0 Atlantic "sea'trout-. and 43,000
salmon- trout-fingerlings we"re"'/liberat-
ed in two lakes bn'the" Canadian.Na-
iibnal Railway. '.'The." sea "salmon frv
were liberiited in-Patricia Lake and
the salmon' trout- fingerljng's:in;;.Pyni>'.
.mid''LakeV-V-Mor4 vrp'rk,'along this-line
will, be-carried-out-within tl.e:next-few"
weeks.- . '��� .  ' ���". ���-.      /���'" - ��� ���-   .'.'��� ' -. .-
"Geirmans Arrest French/.Cou'rier
Berlin.���The 'Berlin- newspapers 're-
.p.ort. ihat :'tlie'German police have-tr--
rested'a French courier belonging to
the' French .Embassy" In, Berlin, :'in an
express- train near llagen, "on the edge
of the -Ruhr.. "..Important documents
intended for the commander. of - the
French Ruhr.army were seized,-it iis
said:-:-& ,     ��� W"VV;- .-.���''".:    - 7
v   Appeal Is Dismissed
Privy ^Oo'uncii   Throws -Out   Case
Paper   Company   Against
Louden.���The appeal in the case of
the Fort .Frances Pulp and Paper Company, Ltd., vs.' ihe Manitoba Free
Press Company, Ltd., and others, in
connection Vwith a claim.to recover
money paid In excess of prices fixed
by the paper control board under the
War Measure's Act of--191-..7 was dismissed with costs by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council.
The'judgment" states'that the appeal
raised questions of some.nqvelty.and
delicaev.-"    - ���;'   ,. .-    ..--'.'���.    ���-'.'       =���
~ For Railway Commission
7 Ottawa.-^SpecnUtion " continues in
regard;to', the 'appointment 'of,a.western represehtatiye .on '-[the-, Bpard of
Rail way" .Commissioners in' succession
to the" late'-,' Dr. 'J. G. Rutherford,"
among, those mentioned for the post
being -Hon:* Frank' .Oliver and," Levi
Thompson, who' was:a member-pf,-.tho'
Lake Grain-Rates Commission.'''
..New.Mbuntairr.Highway. Popular
OUaw'a.���-During - the- "first "23 : days
subsequent:to June 30, the date of the-
opening. , of- the . Banff-Winderraere-
higinvay,,.1,0S9-: motor'-"cars, have 'traversed . this road, according to. figures
received from, Banff,- Alia;, by officials
of /the1 Canadian'.National:-'Parks
Branch:-.. Of this number, 4S8..carried
United States/licenses.-'"'-.-���-    ���"���
���<-,. Pay Strikers For Time Lost "��� -
; .Montreal.���Striking track "laborers
employed" by" the Montreal" Tramways
Compauy in. maintenance . and new
construction work, who demand increases1' in .wages: have.' gone' back, to:
work..'.^ -' "<��� 7.,-. " -- '-- '['[-[[
-In addition-to a.five-cent an hour
increase the'y.-arq/ to- receive."pay for
the.four and.one-half days.'they"we're
off. ���'���-;���_��� .7-'���-'-.' ���;-��� 'X   yX ������ y  '-[-,
Vancouver!���More than 40,000 persons heard President Warren "s. Hard-"'
ing of the Uinted States, deliver a
message, of warm friendship and admiration for Canada. Realizing the
significance of the occasion���the first
time a holder of his high office- has
visited Canada���the reception accorded him along the-line of march and at
Stanley Park, where the address"swas
delivered, was most impressive in en-'
thusiasm. -
Th President himself frankly admitted thai the welcome far exceeded
expectations of himself an<J his party.
The manifestations of welcome were
continuous, beginning when the naval
transport Henderson, bearing the
President and his party from Alaska,
steamed into Burrard Inlet and received froni the British light cruiser,
Curlew, a salute of 21 guns, and
continuing until 9.30 o'clock when, after attending a state dinner given by
the Governments of the Dominion and
of the province of British Columbia,'
Mr. Harding retuvried to the Henderson for the overnight voyage to
Seattle; It was a welcome bespeaking friendship and cordiality, not'.
alone for the man himself, but for_the
great nation he represented.
Declaring that the traditional friendship existing between Canada and the
United^ States presents an excellent
example to other parts of the world,
the President said a significant symp-
tch of the growing mutuality of.the'
two countries appeared in the fact
that a voluntary exchange of residents, wholly free from restrictions,
has been going on. "Our natural
and industrial exigencies have made
it necessary for us, greatly to our regret, tdv limit^immigration," he said,
"but there is'no quota for Canada.
We gladly welcome all your sturdy,
steady stock who care to come, as a
strengthening ingredient and .,influ-
On the historic moment when���the"
President set^foot on Canadian soil
the first., gun of the 21-guri artillery
sounded. Escorted by Gen. Victor
Odium, and the naval officers and
members of the. United States. Cabinet, the President, inspected the
guard of honor, which, on his arrival,
presented arms ' while the band
struck up "The Star Spangled Banner." '    v"
Then the President was escorted
back to where Dominion, Provincial
and civic authorities presented official addresses of welcome, expressing keen appreciation of the more-
than century of-''peace between the
two nations, a' lteon desire for promo-'
tion-of still more-friendly trade relations and admiration for the nation itself and "genuine 'cordiality for the
men representing tliat nation.
Hungary's Wheat
Crop Increased
Will   Harvest 6,000,000  Bushels  More
Than Last Year
- Washington.���Hungary's wheat crop
this year- is 6,000,000 bushels . larger
than' last year's harvest. A cablegram from the International Institute
of Agriculture at Rome to the Department,of Agriculture'placed the crop at-
mates'of last year's crop at 54,711,000
bushels. - All cereal'crops in Hungary,
show larger yields than last year.
7No Slide Reported
-,- ���Washington.-���No report of a serious
slide in- the Panama. Canal has reached'lhe, .War Department and officials
$tSLt'e that any real obstruction to traffic ,through,.the 'canal, would have been,
reported promptly..
/ ..Drury.Will Lead Farmers
". Toronto:���Hon.7E.C;'Drury accepted the" invitation.to become the U.F.'O.
leader at the'meeting of the .remnants
of'ihe.-. party/here,., according to the
Toronto .Telegram./' ':.. ' \   ''���
Sask. Grain Growers
Regina^-Two /.hundred - and ;. fifty, i meetings' to- members"- of .the -asspcia-.
meetings-.tp.be' held in theshort space
ofJtwo weeks is part of.the proposed
programme - of"' the-' Saskatchewan
Grain Grower's' Association in an inton-'
sire campaign to bring before the fan'
niers. its plan.' of. a 'Voluntary .wheat,
pool.-' The. meetings-are' to embrace
the whole of the province and it is
hoped to commence them in tlie week,
commencing August 6,' .while, the last-
one should, be held on. "or^ be.ro're Au
gust 20.. - .       "   V    W
the Association, and A.. J. McPliaii,
.Secretary-, are' those upon, whom the
task- of working out the "pfbgrafnm'e
has devolved. A number of speaker's
will be utilized wflose names would lie
published when the- list has been completed.        - ;.
The organization of the- association-
would, be drawn-, upon very largely
to fester the. arrangements for the
meetings.. It -was not intended,, however,    to   restrict attendance u> -ths
tion; they, would be., public meetings
in ... the ��� .widest: .'.sense/of- that term. .-
.The-speakers :wou!d .be prepared with-
the' complete -plan- or.'"}he association [
by .which it-was .'hoped-, to cope" with
-t'he.crop-of this j;ear, and;would make 7
a 'detailed- explanation thereof. 7   '������-'".'
7  The plan:for this;, year-.it, 'is   believed.'will be   without   the. contract-
clause that'it. is intended to incorpor-;-
ate in" the _substantive'schemes of the '.'���
three/prairie provinces,for 1924.   In-
Geo.    Edwards,    Vice-President pITasmucii, however, as 7by7 all  appear-;
ances Saskatchewan alone" is endeavoring'. Jo,.handle:"the-.crop.-through a/
poor,this/year.: it is assumed that .too
large 'a. .scheme,- or-- -too ambitious. �� .
one;  would  fail, for lack of "time in
which"'  to"   ' complete,-organization.'_.
Therefore "if: is. likely "_Uiat- the- opira-. "-
<io'n'.,of'a pool-in this, province this "year
wil'i be" as'extensive ss-the:desire" o*
fanner's.in'"general-for a' pool is trans-'"
lated -into wining .?^d.'iaamed_i&ie_-fcap* -
port;of.it_-'-'-'.. '-"/-',' Xy -'-""    -'-.-.
��� '*������-   -    :���-.���
'���C^^^^jSiS"''"'''" V
��������-���- *������ **�����
Is $2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
��2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     7<oo
Satray Notices ...3-����
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where moire than one claim appears ir notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
*d that; tbe  plans  will  have -been
joo>pleted and announced.
* All other legal'advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I2j��c. ia line each insertion.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
Thk timid .man never creates
anything. He who would must
Some men are continually going
to the dogs. No wonder they
It is hardly fair to judge a
woman's complexion by the pack'
age it comes in. _   "
Judging by the harmony evi-
denced in the Liberal Party ranks
it the annual picnic held at Gold-
itream on Saturday, there is nothing but optimism in the Grit camp.
No important announcements of
policy were made by the Premier,
bat he strengthened the Bupport of
his followers by the Btrong speech
which he made, a speech clearly
showing that the administration
was functioning efficiently, despite
the barrage of adverse criticism
hurled at the government by Mr.
Bowser and his supporters.
Another speaker, M. A. MacDonald, K.C., president of tbe
Provincial Liberal Association,
maintained that tbe record of the
present government was the most
striking of any administration the
province has had.
Hon. J. H. King, Federal minister ot public works, assured the
gathering that British Columbia's
interests were being well cared for
at Ottawa. He predicted a remarkable future for the western
ere an
A jersey cow owned by a Montreal man has broken all Canadian
records by producing 1,200 pounds
of butter in a year.
The average annual per capita
cost from fires in United States is
$2.26, while Canada loses $2.73 -per
capita by fire; Spain, $1.86; France,
97 cents; England, 64 cents; Germany, 28 cents, and the Netherlands,
only 11 cents.
Bungalow Camps in the -wilds of
Ontario have been opened by the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company
at French River, Nipigon, and near
Kenora, Lake of the Woods.
Traffic through the Lachine Canal
during the month of June showed an
increase of two million bushels of
grain and one hundred thousand tons
of coal with increases in pulpwood,
produce and passengers over the
same month of the previous year.
Send Your
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material guaranteed.    We
pay postage one way.   Terms Cash.
E. W. WIDDOWSON,, Assayer and
Chemist, Box biio8, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
$1.25 each. Gold-Silver $1.75. Gold-
Silver with Copper or Lead J3.00. Silver-Lead $2.00. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
Charges for other metals, etc., on application.
Phone'5L when  you see stray
cattle on the street.
A hypocrite never succeeds in
misleading others as far as he misleads himself.
(^A boon companion is seldom considered a boon by the family of the
man with whom he associates.
The name of Canada is the most
sacred and priceless possession we
have. Let us guard it in all
Nature cannot jump from win-
..ter to summer without a spring, or
froth. Bummer to winter ...without, a
fall.VW.7'7... V'-\7:7:/'' ���"-!-; y'.V V-
Apair in a hammock,.       ,: 7
VAttcmptedto kiss,/' '���'-
Ih.iess than.a jiffy.. V - 7-..
'6iq<( 93(11 9J9M.'iteqjW 7
"I hate to be a kicker,
I always long for peace, =7.7
7 : But: the7. wheel   that ..does: the
���:"'..-"-'-. squeaking :       .".-. XX   '7.V.
rla tiie~one thai't gets t'h'e'greaae.". .
WW/Z/WW .VW; )y WEx.
/--, Said the big touring car-. - -.-.". ���
7,-. To-.the-little' tin fliver:- ....    VW
X wonder why yon:shiiyer & shiver!
.-'Said-the little/tin flivver :
; /To the big touring car:
Its fguts-^just .'guts���that what'it
. -'.. are.. . - ,.   -..-"   V7   ' "��� "
British Columbia Has Best
������ -': .-Accounting- -System    ���
A reduction of express rates on
westward moving business between
Europe and Canada was 'announced
by the. Foreign Department of the
Dominion Express Company recently. This reduction on westbound
shipments follows a similar cut on
shipments from Europe to Canada
made a little while ago, and amounts
to a reduction of 'approximately
twenty per cent, on the trans-ocean
trip. The rates came into effect on
July 9 between all points in Canada
and Europe.
, The Banff-Windermere highway,
the last link in the 6,000-mile chain
of good roads ^which extend from
the heart of the Canadian Rockies
to California and return is now open
to motor traffic, having been officially opened on June 30th by the
cutting of a riband at cKootenay
crossing in the presence of a number of Federal and Provincial Government officials, and a host ->f
automobile .tourists. The completion of _this road has rendered accessible the most beautiful scenic
country on the continent.
I will pay a reward of $100.00 to any
person giving information that will lead
to the prosecution ofthe person or persons, that- deliberately /arid' maliciously
deposited a quantity of.."stink weed" seed
in my.grain field, .-.v" .--/./71 "���-. ������[-���'
"- '   VW-    "''���':��� '.;""..Rock Creek, B.C.
7 Sealed tenders wili'ise.receivedby the Minster of .l/andsivt Victoria, not .later thatrnobn
oh tlie i(ith day of AuuustV.1923, for: the the pur-
"cliase - of licence X481S, to _cnt 12,000 .Fir. and
Tamarac Ties; On an area situate on the'Kettle
Kivcr,.'near .Westbridge,- Similkameen Land
District.'-        ,y .���       ���' -.-���-     / '" -' .,. .    - .' ���
- One (1) year will lie allowed for removal
of timber: -   - "..-   '- ���  ������- /    -7 7-   .;.
Further particulars of the Chief. Forester,
Victoria,'.B.C.,'..or. -District Forester,. Nelsdn,-
B.c. .:-;-���... /- -   '     ���.-'-., 'X '.. '    -. -/  --'...-
[[., ../Victoria, Aug. I.���Strong praise
.; for the accounting -r system- in. use
- in .British .Columbia ia-contained in
: an article published/recently in the
"v" Toronto 7 Financial   Post;. .  That
'IVleadin'g-jodrbal-in ifee field/1 suggests
'that the. new. Conservative Govern-
77'ment'of;;Ontario-.follow the example
-;   of ^British;-Columbia. \u installing ..a
: really efficient system . pf financing
'7'aiid accounting. .-The system work:.
.  ed out here by./HbnV John /Hart,
.7   minister, of finance;:?is .conceded.tp
--.'''" be the. most up-to-date'in .Canada/
7.. /Something unique injfehe way of
V. administration  swas .recently. ex'y
/ plained. by  Premier Oliver to an
"-up-country.,'-audience, 7 Answering
" -qiiestione. regarding  Sirv Bowser's'
cbargesof spending, public.- money
.wrongfully, tha govern ment, leader
"stated" that' .for  'five   years.. Mr.
Bowser   and   his   supporters  had
never  been   able   to discover the
"spending of a dollar. in  an 4ne9ic-
ient w^y, althongh ;ihe. public ac;.
counts committee, of tb"e.ijegislafcu"re:
always had foil access'to". the accounts of the government. .:.:
'Operating deficits  of the Pacific
. Great Eastern   Railway are being
reduced materially from  month to
month,   according   to. the  figures
given   out   by the department of
railways,   under Hon. J. D, Mac-
Lean.    Meanwhile, the minister is
preparing a'definite plan for the
f utnre" of the line,  which promisee
to cbacge this white elephant legacy of the former government into
'  an.asset. .At the coming fall session of the Legislature It is eipeci-
/ Sealed tenders wiil bc received by. the IMs-
tnct'Forester,'Nel90u; notdater than noon.'ou
the lOtH'da'y- of-August.' 1923, for the'-pufchase
ofrLi'ccncc'.X53"3,:Tiiear Beaverdell,-to cut-3000
hewn ties.,  -'      -��� ' .-..,'' =
-.��� One" year ivili .be-.allowed for.renioval of
timber.:  ' 7 -   7  ' ' . "'-'.     . -".      ���' ,
'��� Further, partlculai-3 of the District Forester;
Nelson, B.C.    .���.',''...""���."-.     "7" /.'.--"''.   .
To       ; "-'"-." . "������������ / - 'yx.yi- ���.   -
of Riley In tbe State of Wisconsin, one of
the Unites States: of America, Farmer.
.   Andtc all others whom It may concern:
'"We. t,eutfrie(l' portman ii; of Greenwood in
ilie District of-Yale and Province of British
Columbia^ and Join? Portmann, of Nicholson
Creek liV- said 'District,; Farmers. HEREBY
(JIVE- YOU'NOTICE that we demand, pay ment
of the Sinn of Three Tl_n..s.ind' Five' Hundred
Dollars.-and interest -thereon "" at the'rate of
Eiirlit per centum per annum fromilie First day
of S"ven"i1)cr,:-A.'l>: l'JJO.-aiiil -tlie sum of. *;2.2S
ibein'ir taxes paid by us in respect of. the lands
hereinafter mentioned; and' (ire insurance on
the buildings thercoiij'tlu'e to" us tlie said Leut-
fried i'ortmnnii and J<��hri".I,��ii,tiiiann utioii a
certain' Indenture of Morttrajie.execUted.by you
(Jottlieii Stuck! and Josef- Husmastn and --Fried;
rich Uei-chtold to- us, aiid dated the First-.day
<">f Juiiei A. I).-1015. and which MortKaire was
ivisiertd in lite Land Registry. Office for said
nKtrkt of Vale on. the 2nd day- of Scptember,"
l'n5;":is'XumlJcr427:iE. for Kecuntifr paymetu of
Tli'ree Thousand Five Hundred- Dollars, and
iiiu-rei-t.thereon attife rate of Eiprlu per centum
per ahnum.aK therein mentioned, on the follow-
niSf'proiR'.rty, namely:���- . .'.. -.- ,'. XX;'-
-'- Alllj AKD SIXdU.l'^AR that certain Par-
' eel or Tract of '-fraud and premises situate.
'1 villi.', and U'inc-iii the Similkameen Division
o'f t|]�� District of Yale-in the Province of
Uritish Columbia, and- more particularly
kiimvn and described as Lot Seve'n.-hundred
and eiirliiv-four S.CWSi in .Group'One (li,
acfcoi-diiijrrto the. Official, Plan.'or Survey of
said Siniilkaineeti Division of said' District of
- -Vale:--. 7'r/.-'.���'-'���';. " ���'. " '- '
' 7A.\'D vyli.cii'.Morturaife moneys, interest,
taxes and insurance, vou. by two" Indenture's
dated respectively April.3rd. 1916 and. March
ftli, I'd", and made -between "Friedrich Bcrch-
told and JoSei llnsmann and yourself, and
jo-ef Hasmann and yourself, you Gottlieb
Stucl.! covenanted and agreed to pay:
" . AND TAKE" XOTICE that .unless payment
of tin' MortiWye. moneys,- and interest, taxes,
insurance, costs and expenses be- made itithin
ONE MONTH from the date ofthe first" pub-'
licati.m >���'. this Notice. We, the said Lentfried
I'ortiriaiin'and John Portmann will proceed
\iitli or 'vitliout anv consent or concurrence on
your part, and wiilioniany further notice to
you. to filler into jios-es-iion of the said lands
and premises, and shall selland absolutely dis-
lK>seof tbe said'landsand premises by "Public
Auction in frontof tbe Court House.in theCity
of (JrOi'nivnml in said" District of Yale, on Sat-
urday.the Eitrhth day of-September, A. D. 1923.
at the hour of -"Eleven o'clock in the forenoon;-
eillier for cash, of upon =nch terms of credit as.
we-the ^.iiii Mort_rajret-s mav think proper, and
con-.ey and .is^arethe =apie. when sold, unto
the Purchaser iL<-ieof, as we sha.ll direct or
Dated at (irccnirood in said District of Tale
in British Colombia this2Sthdav of July. A.D.
VS.'   '
br their Solicitor
-    .   .- ISAAC E- HAI,I,ETT.,
/      /       /
��      1,
This advertisement is not published or. displayed by the Liquor
Control Board   or  by  the  Government  of  British   Columbia<
Vancouver Exhibition
On Sale Daily Au��. 9-18, Inclusive
w: Retuirn Limit Au$. 20
Tickets and Sieecer .Reservations from Pursers Kootenay Steamers.-'
/vV-WW'    .'���"..,-������'   drany Ageht.7 Or write,        '.-'".'     '-.XX.
In the G row^ N eist
..'    ������������������   CKOW'S   SI3ST.   '      '' ���-.-
' OW THK. .WAY   T.O   CKOWS   M0��3T���Till-:
Follmg up to  the  Crows Nest Pass are olive green foothills "without a
-4 tree upon them-^natural cattle runs clothed .with succulent short grass..
.Here are seen, occasional outcrops of rock, whichih their four or five feet of
height show all. the characteristics of a mountain range; miniatures ofthe
Rockies, with crag and precipice;and coL.reproduced on the smallest scale/
room with advantage to.herself and her pupils, oanauians east oi Memcine
Hat-know too little, about .the construction of. this Continent and "about the'
gloripuis engineering of Nature.".
Consider the Crow's Nest itself." The name brings before some of us a.
schedule of railway-rates; to others, .a series of coal mine's. These-are deriv-'
ative impressions. The original Crow's Nest is. a mountain rising to 9,000.
feet and more above" sea-level and visible for many miles. The rock-peak, a"
one looks from the foothills, is set like a fuzzy, round crow's-nest on the
sky-Ime. Leading up to it are the olive-green billows fading into a soft,
blue haze.    .
In the distance near the peak is a snow-white precipice, which they tell
us is two miles wide and a mile high, ft is all excellence and loveliness until
one travels twenty miles farther. Then it gleams like the fangs of a wolf
It is the rock-face of Turtle Mountain, cleft from top to bottomin 1905 to
the^aestruction bf the mining town of Frank.
"To-day the whole valley, two miles wide, is a tempestuous chaos of
. white stone blocks, some of them as big as a* house, all with lagged edge*
and sharp corners. They are piled from fifty to one hundred feet high above
the original valley level. The railway line climbs over the debris Beneath
it lies Jfce broken city. -On either side of the avalanche stand a few deserted
houses, windows out, glaring like skulls upon the newer town. The whole
valley spells terror and tragedy. Even yet peopis talk of- Pompeii and
tierculaneum, &ut they are like to forget the more terrible fat^ of Frank
when rock hy millions of tons fell a mile out of the sky.
Keeping timber for B.C. Industries?
Keeping alive a  prosperous payroll?
Keeping fur   and  feather in B C?
Keeping   timber   for   manufacture?
Keeping a green forest for posterity?
Men's Suits and Overcoats
For-Spring arid Summer
-Splendid Assortment of New   |
Samples Just Arrived
Call and see them
.Tailor and Cleaner
Slimmer Excursion Fares
To Eastern Destinations
._   On Sale Daily May 15th to Sept. 15     :    .
Return Limit Oh. 31
Winnipeg: ....................$72.00 Fort William ...............$86.30
-    ToiontoV.. ......'7...$113.75 .Niagara Falls..............$120.62
Hamilton ...7... '. 5U3-75 Ottawa ;.................. $127:95       -
Loudon.,......................$113.75 Montreal .................V..$t32775'
Quebec .$141,80 Moncton .........;���_..".'.'....$i6o.3o-;---.:
St.John    V..r:.$i6o\3o -Halifax'... ,....$166.95  -
.....St. Paul .....$72.00 Chicago ..'"'; -.....$86.00
.-Minneapolis ". ,.$72.00 New York $147.40
.  Duluth 7,......$72,90 Boston ......'...".. $153.50
Many Additional Destinations
, ..Ask for Rates from and -to!any Point
, -���_ Route ;via. Port Arthur or via Soo Line, through
Winnipeg.'of Portal, thence via Chicago or Saulf Ste.fjMarie
via Great Lakes j or>ia California at additional fare; or good
to go via one of the above routes, return another. 7
wi. S; CARTER, Dist. Pass/Agt,
'���\^w.w/w.v- 'x-VyVyxXxy. ..Nelson^BX.-;-./
tonsidated lining & \Smelting Co..
xxyyx. -Tof7Ganada,VLjmltedW-.Wv;4^^.W_7
_,������'    ;.  Office, Snielting 7aud Refining _Oepa,rt'ment' .   -
V  .. 7>'..-TRA^i BRITISH'COLUMBIA.-. 7. ;   y-y'.i^ :X���-.--""���'
Purchasers of Gold,>SilyerrCopper, Lead and Zinc Ores
Producers' oi    CJold,    Silver,. Copper;. ;'Pij* . Lead   and . Zttic'    - V
."-:-"- ���       V   -V" V "TADANAC" BRAND   -1-.   Z-     -    .''      -.-.,--
Synopsis of v
Land Act Amendments
- Mitumum price" of first-class 7 land
reduced'to $5 an' acre; second,-class to
$2.50 an acire. ���
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed lands only.   .  -.    ���
Records will be granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes and which is non-timber
land. .-
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of.not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each" making
necessary Improvements on respective
Pre-emptors must occupy claims
for five years and must make improvements to value- of ��10 per acre,
including clearing aud cultivation of
at least 5 acres, before receiving
Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, and has^made proportionate improvements, he may be-.,
cause of ill-health, or other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence
may be issued, provided applicant _
makes improvement to extent of S300
per annum and records same each
year. Failure to make improvements
or: record same will operate as forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained in
less than.5 years, and improvements of
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleaned and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required. -���
.Pre-emptors holding Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided'" statutory improvements made
and'residence maintained-on. Crown
granted land.
' vUhsurveyed areas not exceeding 20"
acres, maybe leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.     _.
Fongrazing and industrial purposes
areas  exceeding   640   acres   may   be    -
leased by one person or company.
-Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber "land not exceeding   40   acres
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of-stumpage.
Natural hay meadows inaccessible
by existing roads may be purchased
conditional upon construction of.a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.
The scope of this.Act is. enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces. The time
in which the heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act 'is extended from one
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion of the present war. This privilege is made retroactive.
No fees relating to pre-lmptions are
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded after June 26, 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
4,1914, ori account of payments, fees or
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptious.
Interest on agreements to purchase ~
town or_city lots held by  members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted from enlistment to March 31st, 1920."
Provision made for insurance of
Crown Grants to sub-purchasers of
Crowu._I<ands, acquiring rights from _
purchasers who failed to complete purchase, involving forfeiture, on fulfillment of conditions of purchase, interest -
and taxes. Where-sub-purchasers_do _.
not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes may be distributed   proportionately    over   whole
area.   Applications must be made by .
May 1,. 1920. -   .   ���
Grazing Act, 1919. for systematic development of livestock   industry   provides for grazing- districts and range
administration    under   Commissioner. -
Annual  grazing permits issued, based
dn.numbers ranged; priority for estab- ,
lished owners. Stock owners may forjn
Associations for  range  management.
Free,   or partially   free, 'permits   for
settlers,- campers or travellers up to ten
head... 7 '
v The Mineral: Pfoyike of Wes
Has produced Minerals valned as follows:   Placer Gold, .876,542,203; Lode
Gold, $109,647,GQ1; Silver, 8B9,814;266; Lead 861,810,891;.Copper, $170,723,242;
..Zin^'-:8^j025;i8^;.>.Miiacdluie6ixs Minerals, $1,358,839; Coal _w&... Coke; .8238^
^289,565; Building Sfeone, Brick, Cement, etc., $36,6Q6,942,' making ;ite Mineral   W..'!'^
Production: to the end of 1922 sbow     ~'; ....;-. WW-"',..",' 'W-.-.       ���'"--.      ; 7 V.
7   An7Aggregate Value {of $h9;M,462 XyX
ictijt. n for tlie Yeat Ending peeeml3er,40?2, $^158,843;
T&e .Mining   Laws of this.Province are more liberal^ and the fees lower,
than those of any other Province in iheUominipn', or any-Colony in the. British
Empire. .-���',���'     ���-'���    - . -V ���-..    ,';-..-"'- "W ..' ,7      '-'
Mineral locations are granted to .discoverers for nominal fees.
Absolute  pities are  obtained   by developing snch properties, the security
of which ie gnaranteed by^ Crown Grants;    -
Fail information, together with Mining Reports and Maps, may be obtained
gratis by addressing��� '���-���
'-VICTORIA, British^Giambis.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items