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The Ledge Jun 28, 1923

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THE  OLDEST   MINING   CAMP   NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBii
Vol. ���_ XXIX.
GREENWOOD, B. C., THURSDAY, JUNE) 28,  1923.
No.: 49
Just received a large shipment of
.    McClary'sv V
Enamel, Tin and  Galvanized Ware V
V; .. _ - ��� ..   -o Consisting of   ..'- 77
7bouble Boilers 3 sizes, Steamers 4 sizes. Stew Pots, Kettles, JHiik
Strainers. Collanders, Pails.-Wash Basins, Dish Pans, Wash Tubs.
W Wash Boilefs, Sprinkling Cans. .Etc.
We carry Earthinware Crocks suitable for preserving eggs in
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28L. ��� -       GREENWOOD, B.C.
Just Arrived
Finest  Eastern Townships
"Guaranteed Pure
Maple Syrup
2 J-2 lb. Tins 95c.        51b. Tins $1.80      ���
^  Maple Sugar
Per lb. 35c.
Mens Hats
for
Spring
7   New
Fit-Reform
"Samples for Suits
and Styles
W. Elson & Co
LEE & BRYAN
Phone 46 3
?iummumuuiuuuummi.mttuuuimuuiittummaimi^
*>
Fresh Chocolates.
Complete Assortment of
NEILSON'S CHOCOLATES
Just' in
Everything in Box and Bulk Goods
Nice Assortment of Presents for School Closing
GOODEVE'S   DRUG   STORE
FIRE
FIRE
FIRE
CHARLES   KING
Real Estate.
Fire,  Life Insurance
Licensed by B. C. Government
Accident & Sickness Insurance
AUCTIONEER
Auction off your surplus Stock
Call  at my Office and  see me in
reference to any of above
SALE   of , MILLINERY
Half Price
Commencing June 28, a Sale of my
present stock of Millinery, at Half.
Price, will  be held.     Prices aud
^ stock will please
Mrs.. Ellen Trounson
Marmalade Season is Here
Try Our
Orange and Pineapple Marmalades
and Bramble Jelly
TAYLOR & JENKIN
PHONE 17.
GREENWOOD
Palace Livery  Stable
W. H. DOCKSTEADER. PROP.
Express and Heavy Draying
Auto's and Truck For Hire, Day or Night
We carry
Tires, Oils, Greases, Hay and Grain
Office Phone 13.
Residence Pbone 3L
INDEPENDENT  MEAT MARKET    1
��� We carry only the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A, trial wii! convince you W
JOHN MEYER
Proprietor
*$&z&��&&y?&zi^^
mm
THE INCREASING VALUE OF YOUR
TELEPHONE
Your telephone is of greater value as each month goes by. With the
steady increase in the number of new telephones you are constantly able to
talk with a large number of people. This applies to different parts ofthe'
province.
It means to the business man that fee is in close touch with more people.
As every telephone is a long distance telephone, anyone on the I/5wer
Mainland or Vancouver Island may be reached st a moment's notice. The
conversation is direct, the reply instant.
Don't overlook the cheaper night rates.   Between 7 p. m. and S a. in.
you can get three times the day period at the same price. '
^mflSiTcOLUMBIA TELEPHmSncOMPANYT"
Greenwood Theatre
SATURDAY, JUNE 30th
Commencing at 8.15- p.m. ..^
V -    '"  - ' '' ���      ��� ��� '   .
���    , , , . . _�� ^ _
WlfcUAM FOX presents"
Tom Mix
in
"Just Tony"
A Story of Tom Mix' Horse
Adapted from Max Brand's novel
AtCATRAZ "
The   thrilling   romance   of  an unusual
__ horse ���
6 Thrilling��� Dashing���Stirring Reels  6
Also two reel Sunshine Comedy
"Please Be Careful"
ADULTS 50c      -     CHILDREN 25c.
DANCE AFTER THE SHOW
MCPHERSON'S GARAGE
- GRAND FORKS. B.C.
Agent for Dodge, Chevrolet,' Studebaker
aud Overland cars. Garage in connection.
D. MCPHERSON
Proprietor
Notice
Dr. 0. M. Graves,,
be in Ferry," Wash.,
days of every month.
Dentist, will
the   first   8
For Sale
A number of spring- pigs,
will
be 7 weeks old ou June 25.
J.   ROYI.AXCK
. Furniture For Sale
Household   furniture.      Apply
at The Ledge office.
Cow For Sale
Good family cow.   $75.    Apply
to Chas. Nichols, Greenwood.
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge    ,
Rev. W. R��� Walkinshaw. B. A.
Greenwood
Dominion Day Services
Myncaster. 11 a. m.
Greenwood. 7.30 �����m.
Appropiiate Music.       Patriotic Address
Community Auetion
This Auction wiil be postponed
till some future date. All persons
having entries communicate with
Charles King, Greenwood.
Around Home
Mrs.  Rock,.'of  Bridesville,
Riverside Mine Greenwood Superior School
...IS
the guest of Mrs. '.James Kerr
Mrs, M. DuMont of Bridesville,
is on a.few days visit to this city.
Cash paid for hides at Brown's
Midway,
Mrs. Ed. Richter. of Rock
Creek, is spendinga few days in
town.   ' -
J. H. Duhamel" and Norwood
Docksteader are'now the possessors of autos.
Harold Mellrud left last week
for Saudpoiat, Idaho, where his
father is located. V
���Miss E. A. Olson is in charge
of the High Schoof during exams.
Four pupils are writing.
, Tom Hartland returned from
Allenby ou Sunday and left for
Grand Porks on Tuesday.
��� "Mosquitoes are. getting to be
quite numerous and their bills
are sharp after the long winter's
grind.
L. G. Putzel and John Meyer
returned on Monday from a motor
trip to Rossland, Trail and
Nelson.
Percy Abbott, of Grand Porks
is spending the week in town before going to California for a
vacation.
Mr. and Mrs. John Thorslund
and son, left for their ranch near
Nelson on. Tuesday where they
will reside.
Mr. and Mrs. C. Charlton and
family and A. F. Edd��, of
Bridesville, were visitors in town
on Monday.
^Herbert Holmes^o|.Beaverdell,
spent Thursday and Friday in
town on his way to- Trail for a
few days visit,
Paul Nelson, superintendent of
the Riverside mine the property
of the Jack-Paul Mining Company, of Spokane, on Tuesday
struck what is believed to be the
main lead on the property, and
the lead is over four feet in width
of solid high grade ore.
The ores in this mine are
silver-lead carrying good gold
values, but no assays have been
made .from the present strike
owing to it being just reached.
The lead was found on a 50
foot drift from the lower tunnel,
and was driven by Superintendent
Nelson on instructions from
Frederic Keffer, M. E-, the con^
suiting engineer of the Company
This proves that the lead  ex
tends down strongly.
The   Company   is to be   con
gratulated on its success.
Sound Reasoning
Village Doctor (to the old elder
who is paying a call): "But surely, Saunders, you will have a drop
of something before you go?"
Saunders: "No, thank ye,
doctor. I've three- gnde reasons
for refu&ihg yonr hospitality.
First, I'm the chairman of the
local temperance society; Becond,
I'm just gaein' tae a kirk meeting,
and third, I've juBt had one."
A. R. Fingland and Henry
Britzens start work next week on
the L. H. Some years ago F.
Keffer and Captain Harry Johns
had a bond on the property, but
owing to the death-of the latter
the bond was dropped. Values
are principally in gold.���The
Leaser, New Denver.
F[shing at Rock Creek is good,
tlie roads fine,u' the scenery grand,
and the ozone healthy. Thos.
Hanson of the Rock Creek Hotel
invites
of Grand Forks were the  guests
Last Friday Miss E. A. Olson
treated her school pupils to a
picnic to which the teachers and
pupils from the other classes were
invited. Unfortunately it was a
rainy day, but nothing daunting
the picnic was held in the skating
rink, where the boys and girls,'
with real school day appetites
enjoyed their lunches. Races
were held and prizen given.
Teachers and pupils alike had a
good time and thus the long summer vacation has started.    ^
of Mrs. F. L. Peterson for a few
days this week.
Douglas Bedford, has resigned
from the staff of the Bank of
Commerce. He left last Friday
for his home in Salmon Arm.
James Kerr returned ou Sunday from attending the A. F. &
A. M. Grand Lodge convention
in New Westminster last week.
G. S. Walters has purchased a
new Baby Grand Special Touring
car. -It -was���purchased- tnough
McPherson's garage at Grand
Forks.
Two prairie schooners, each
pulled by a 4-horse team, passed
through town on Monday on
their way to the Okanagan from
Alberta.
In Division 1 of the Superior
School, Bessie Bidder received the
Honor Roll for Regularity, and
Punctuality and Mary Kerr for
Deportment.
The fine chicken dinner put up
by the Rock Creek Hotel every
Sunday is attracting many tourists to spend Sunday at this
popular resort.
There are a great number of
young turkeys being raised in the
district -and it looks like a
real Thanksgiving and Merry
Christmas this year.
Geo. Hallett, returned to Kamloops last'Friday after spending
his vacation with his parents here.
He went as far as Penticton by
auto, accompanied by his mother
and brother.
The Scouts will meet this
week on Saturday at 7 p.m. This
change will give them, an opportunity to practice ball on Friday
for their big game at Ingram
Bridge oa Monday.
the Greenwood oa July 13th and
will be shows. Bush's four piece
for the dance to follow. Refresh
msnts will also be served. Watch
for full particulars next week.
There are vermin to pierce the
rosebuds and vermin to bleed and
annoy the downy chickens.
These little pests take something
away from the glory of the summer, destroy some of its beauty,
abstract some' of its joy. The
mosquitos are buzzing about "and
the bighting flies are here. Back
in the geological ages, man was
provided with claws on, both feet
and hands and could do a lot of
scratching.. Now half of his
powers are imprisoned, and the
other half so trimmed that he
has to rely on soap and water for
relief from the pests of the summer time. And there are a lot of
fine soaps on the market.
Men and women are now able
to leave their winter togs at home
and appear in fresh summer
things. A congregation of slim
women with roomy skirts and
many unoccupied areas in. their
blouses, has a Grecian look, and
calls back school days when history of ancient Greece and its
geography, its statutory,' its men
and womea in flowing robes,
were interesting subjects. But
these same ample robes were the
undoing of the Greeks. There
was too much room in them for
feasting and for wine, So the
Greeks   with    their   wonderful
Report for Month-or June,, 192 3
DIVISION II
E. A. Olson, Teacher
No. on Roll 7 . - ��� - - 27
Average Attendance - 26.66
Percentage of Attendance       98.74
List of Promotions in Order of Merit
Promoted to Entrance Class:
(Total marks 1200) Vera Walmsley 817, Edward Johnson 793,
John McDonell 791.
Failed: Eraine Du Hamel 646,
Tillie McDonell 515.
Promoted to First Year Senior
Grade: (Total marks 1100) George
Bryan 818, George Hurst 737, Leo
Madden 719, Helen Kerr 712,
Percy Fraser 639,   Bill  Walmsley
614 ,_       V['yyy-' - -[y V
Failed: Lawrence DuHamel 494,
John Putzel 488.
Promoted to Second Year Intermediate Grade: (Total marks 1100)
Harry Hallstrom 762, Margaret
Royce 722, Allan McCurrach 720,
Eileen Bryan 707, Robert Mitchell
683, Lewis Mit,chell 661, Edward
Parry 655, Marguerite Ritchie 645,
Bertram Price 640, Arthur Cox
615,.Meredith Fenner 601.
Promoted on Trial: Daniel Ken
570, A Han Morrison 544.
Failed:   Thomas WalmBley 479
Rolls of Honor. ���
- General     Proficiency ��� George
Bryan.
Deportment���Eileen Bryan.
Regularity    and   Punctuality-
Edward Johnson.
Regular Attendance for June:
George Bryan, Eileen Bryan,
Arthur Cox, Percy Fraser, Meredith Fenner, George Hurst, Daniel
Kerr, Helen Kerr, Allan McCurrach,. , Lewis...-Mitchellr. -Rober*.
Mitchell, Allan Morrison, Edward
Parry, Bertram Price, Margaret
Royce, Thomas WalmBley, Vera
Walmsley)' Bill Walmfileyf Harry
Hallstrom, Eraine DuHamel, Edward Johnson, John McDonell,
Tiilie McDonell.
DIVISION III
E. B. McKinnell, Teacher.
No. on Roll 29
Average Attendance      -       28.11
Percentage of Attendance       97.27
Promoted to 'Book IV: Helen
HurBfe, Eugene McGillvray, Mary
Putzel.
Promoted to Book III A. Class:
Roy Bakke, Francis Jenkin, Cleo
-Toney. -Robert - Forshaw, -Bruce
Terhune, Helen Bakke) Roy Hallstrom, LewiB'Cierf, Charles Royce,
Gee Mon Yen," Robert Carlson.
Promoted to Book III B. ClasB:
Ruth Cox, Beatrice McLaren, Jack
Morrison, John McGillvray, Albert Kinsman, Alice Ritchie, Viola
Benson,
Promoted to Book II: Kathleen
Forshaw, John McCurrach, Jane
Toney, Stanley Kinsman, David
Nichols, James Forshaw, Victor
Ritchie, Mark Madden, Leonard
8ortome.
Regularity and Punctuality for
Jane:
Helen Bakke, Roy Bakke, Viola
Benson, Lewis Clerf, Kathleen
Forshaw, James Forshaw, Robert
Forshaw, Helen "Hurst, Francis
Jenkin, Albert Kinsman, Stanley
Kinsman,', John ��� McCurrach,
Eugene McGillvray, John McGillvray, Jack- Morrison, -Charles
Royce, Leonard Sortome, Brace
Terhune, Cleo Toney, June Toney,
Gee Mon Yen.        '
Rolls of Honor
JameB Forshaw, first rank for
Deportment.
Helen Hurst, first rank for
Proficiency.
Albert Kinsman and Robert
Forshaw, first rank for Regularity
and Punctuality.
Another big time in sight at lasg��a&e�� their poetry and their
_*.    _0_- __-. �� ����������� ���   -~  __ _ -ft*"*     f_E_tl1     ��*�����__��_      1a��������� __.  _ .    .        * m
art fell into loose ways aud be-
14th,    "Nero" a 10 reel special c,ame the projectors of a dr|vel.
Ti7.;i1 ��.��.��.*_.., Ts__.__,_T . ����� . lino* ran*       Tiio   J>.~..   ;_	
ling race.   This danger is neg-
orchestra will play throug'out the 1JSaWe *a o��r days, however, for
show on Friday night and also the necessities of business make
frequent chaages in fashion.
PhoHP 5L when
cattle oa the street.
Kettle Valley Notes
Ed Richter has purchased a new
car.
Kettle Valley School closes on
Friday the 29th.
E. P. Rock has moved his family back to the Valley.
B. P. HardcaBtle was in Grand
ForkB for a few days last week.
Service will be held in the
Anglican Church on Sunday, July
1st, at 7.30 p.m.
Commander Lewis, R.N., was a
week-end guest of J. R. Kinghorn,
Spes Bona, Sorrento.���Kamloops
Standard-Sentinel:
Mr. and Mrs. Frank Welstead
and Miss K. Welstead were down
from Nicholson Creek ou Tuesday
visiting in the Valley-
Miss Winnifred Whiting, Frank
Richter and Thomas Waiker left
for Greenwood on Tuesday for
their Entrance exams. Their
many friends wish them success.
The annual School meeting will
be held in the Kettle Valley School
on Saturday, July Hbh at 7 p.m., .
for the purpose of electing a truBtee
for the ensuing three years also an
auditor for a year, and transacting
ordinary school business. All taxpayers should make a special effort
to turn out ttfthis meeting.
Ingram Bridge Celebration
July 2nd, 1923
Boy Scouts
Troop meets on Saturday
7 p.m. in the Fire Hall.
at
CUBS
The Cubs will meet on Satur
you see stray day at 2.30 p
Hall.
The United Farmers' are getting
everything in readiness for a big
day at Ingram Bridge on July 2nd.
When    you   come   to  Ingram
Bridge you wilUnhale a rich western atmosphere of true hospitality
,BaP^w jg0. other.place, can supply-
or surpass.
Sports aplenty -all kinds. The
fine Kettle river, big fish in little
streams, mountain scenery =galore
and a truly TJ. F. welcome.
^ The TJ. F. has "a reputation for
giving a grand celebration and this
year will surpass ail previous
events.
They do say that the Boundary's
fairest daughters will be there.
Big Dance in the Co-Operative
Hall, Rock Creek, with Bush's
orchestra in attendance. The best
orchestra that has ever been in the
Boundary.
��AJ
Women's Branch of the
UrP.: "of "Rock"Creek
A General Meeting of the Local
Women's Branch of the United
Farmers," of Rock Creek, was held
at the Co-Operative Hall on Sat.
22nd of June. The meeting was
well attended and the three members from Midway were heartily
welcomed. This being the last
meeting of the Session there was
much business to * be transacted.
The following elections were made:
Programme Committee���Mrs. Pitman and Mrs. Smyrl; Entertainment Committee���Mrs. H. Martin
and, Mrs. 'Olsen, with power to
Co-Opt members.
It was decided that a Sale of
Work be held on Saturday, Nov.
17th and for this purpose a large
consignment of choice materials
has already arrived,from England, '
which, when made up,' tbe mem-
Sere feel certain, will briDg many
buyers. ~
A War Memorial was discussed
and it was left to Miss Debney to
obtain further particulars.
A delicious tea was served'to
which the farmers were welcomed
and appeared to thoroughly enjoy.
The next meeting wiil be'held oii -
Saturday, Sept. 8th..     *
The cheeses made. at the cheese
classes held in the Co-Operative
Hall, will be put ap for auction at
the Ingram Bridge Picnic, July 2.
The Pavilion at Christina Lake
has been moved and newly fitted
up with a hardwood dancing floor
and a new dining room. Victor
Biner, of Los Angeles,  formerly
m. ia   the   Fire of Phoenix,  oae of   the owaers
is ia charge of the Pavilion. Iplliij
THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD.     B.     0.
IJSmTwPANYOJgg
For
Sanitary
Homes
There are numerous uses in every household
for Gillett's Pure Flake Lyel It costs very
little but gives valuable service in cleaning
and disinfecting sinks, closets and drains;
softening water and making laundry soap;
destroying verm in ^cleaning dirty floors,
greasy pots'and pans*etc.; removing old
paint," and for scores*of.other purposes!
Avoid inferior substitutes.*' Ask your grocer
for the genuine���
2 FLAKE LYE
Oldest Towns
In Europe
Many European Cities Founded Before
the Christian Era
It is a common notion that Rome,
the "Eternal City," is the oldest city
3n Europe. It is true, Rome was
founded upwards of 700 years before
the birth of Christ, and the ruins of
three successive cities He more than
CO feet deep, under many of the present streets. Vet, Rome is many centuries younger than Naples, just as
Naples, so long famed for its climate,
beautiful bay and throngs of beggars,
is itself ages younger than the oldest
city in Europe, though it is the successor of a town occupying almost the
same site at the foot of Vesuvius, centuries before its first recorded eruption, by the ancient Greeks.
Client;    Bruges,    Antwerp and Am-
>teaidam  looked upon as  old towns,
are middle aged only   ln   comparison
with  many othc-is.    "They took their
lise from the revhal ot commerce In
Europe at   tiie close of the so-called
l'ark Ages.     Yet'they are older than
Berlin.     On-'Albeit the Bear subduing
. the Vandals; who.had built their huts
in .the marshes-of the Spree, he-erect--
���yd.' li fbrtrt'ss-'tli'ere in the middle.of
��� the twelfth, century,,-.And    'from" 'the:
; house's clustei.ing;round it for protee-
-.tion .the' town   .arose.-     Berlin/ is. '.a
; stripling .in agejalongside.Cologne," for
"liie'latter' was  built-by  tlieVRoman.
-Empress'Agrippina;.and wits considered ancient before Berlin ever .was.'' "���
...LTnquestionably -the oldest'.'town-of.
-France -is". Marseilles/ it -having-.been
"built.'by a colony"of, Phoenicians- in
��� -.the same century as-Rome'; and-even
. in the'_far-'6fJ_"da'ys-of!' the,Emperor Au-.
7 gustus . was ' any. important . seaport.
-Lyons.has disputed that claim; but all.
,'that-'.is--certain is that-Lyons 'was already. somethin'gVof a- town "when the"
��� Rinie.-:Emperor made; it.tiie capital of
' Gaul..-,Paris "is not so .very did: ./A
- inn all town; in," the.-',-.time of .'Julius!
'Caesar,' It became, the "capital of the
7',Frank's-;ip.7'496." V. As~a~7capiial,~ it "has"
seen more riots'and. revolutions tlian
. any .other 'European .capital.     ." ���-'- ? - .7'
- - London is much older.--/.'Evidence
"obtained during,.-Excavations.on many
occasions7 for  '.the   -foundations. - of
.'buildings, .etc.7  all "point. to. the' fact
... that. what, is-now"called the -Ci'ty.'of
London" was, an-, established community of Britons, centuries.before, it be-..
importance, and was finally raised to
a Metropolis by William the Conqueror, not long after the Conquest, 1066.
It Is remarkable that the capital of
the British Empire is the only capital
city in Europe that has not been ac
tually captured for close on nine centuries.���Millgate Monthly.
Etiquette In China
IS
Knowing   How  to   Deport  Oneself
Very Important
When a saleman, or person seeking
business interviews, presents Iiis card
at the entrance to a Chinese merchant's place of business, the possibility of an audience depends altogether
upon how he deports himself while
awaiting the return of the cardbearer.
Should he be so indiscreet as to put
one foot over the twelve-inch railing
that Intervenes between the step and
the doorway, no manner of persuasion
can prevail upon the merchants to
grant him an Interview. In case he
waits patiently in the space allotted
to unknoAvn callers, this fact is noted,
and he,is usually ushered in. . '
Once in, there is still a more delicate matter to be disposed of, and in
case.the.newcomer is Ignorant of.the
customs, he; fares ill with his errand.
Immediate_"y,v.upon tiie. caller's..'enter-:
ing and takihg.a seat','a servant" brings
a serving of tea.! which includes',.a
small, cup for.-each' person present.
The point' of etiquette "demands that
this.tea sliall not be.;touche.d-untiI,t,he.
guest Is ready to depart, in; case the
Interview has beeri.a- pleasant.one, in
which"event the.-caller is supposed to
take;,iip-and." drink iiis'tea at .parting,'
and' at this signal' all "the others do
likewise.';-; However,, should-it so happen .thatyilreV Chinese is not.pleased,
with his caller,- and is" in any way. annoyed by him;lie. takes'up the tea and
begins to. drink at: once,'.wliich act. is
a direct'and. decided hint'that"'the interview-is'ended,.and has not; been to
the pleasure of' the.'merchint'.V"-The
caller-is tthen.'expected, to take his immediate, departure. ' . ���   .""     .   "-.       '.'
Wlieii a -caller has become well-acquainted',-"some ..of-"; the' formality ;is
broken by the Chinese,' and. on' a "cold
day a cup'of tea"is served. Immediately to ihe..giiest, in a social-way;- But
the--'.;rornial"' tea is' still to be .observe
cd, and partaken. of; at'.'parting, irre-
speetive of. .the cup given to.warm
and -greet���-! her. caller -on. bis' arrival
This',   .however,'; is.  done'.only-after
Prairie  Minerals
Most Northerly
Believe Alkali Deposits Are Source of
Much Wealth
What was at one time regarded as
a nuisance, but one to which tliere
was no remedy���the alkali deposits
in the Dominion are now regarded as
a potential source of wealth. In consequence of this change in view the
matter is to become the object ol an
investigation by L. H. Cole, of the Dominion Department of Mines.
Mr. Cole, who is at present travelling west in pursuit of his investigations, is now on his third field season making inquiries on behalf of the
Dominion authorities, into the question of the alkali deposits. His particular task is to determine the possible economic value and the extent
of the reserves of the sodium sulphate
and other alkaline deposits iii whicli
are included magnesium sulphate (Epsom salts) and sodium carbonate. Extensive beds of these minerals are
known to exist in Saskatchewan. Some
form the basic industries already established, and their product is of
value to manufacturers of many articles of domestic importance. Manufacturers of soap, paper, textile fabric and coloring matters use these
chemicals In some form or other,
hence, no doubt, the importance attached to the survey of the deposits
In Saskatchewan.
Plants for the extraction of the
chemical salt contents of the waters
of lakes in Saskatchewan are now in
operation at Dana, where the waters
of Muskiki Lake are utilized, whicli is
expected to produce no less than 30,-
000 tons of salt cake per annum when
projected improvements to the plant
are completed. At Frederick Lake,
five miles southwest of Dunkirk, another salt cake recovery plant has
been erected, and yet another at Fusilier, Sask.
Air Service Between
Spain and Argentina
Poison For Eccentrics
Missionary From Congo Describes
Native  Customs ��
Alexander George Mill, an American
Baptist missionary, has returned with
his wife and daughter Barbara, from
the Belgian Congo where they passed
the last eleven years among the 75,000
natives of more than 100 villages.
During the last four years, Mr. Mill
reported/there were no murders in
this colony despite the fact that the
natives are regarded by the rest of
the world as cannibals.
"When a native discovers a
friend or relative whose manners
are somewhat foreign and unusual and
cannot be explained by any other reason than contact aad association with
evil spirits," said Mr. Mill, "he is reported to a council .which.invariably
decides that .the iaccused.be purged of
the devil by, drinking a poisonous concoction.,-.. ���.-���"..-".-':'... ���-��� '; -y- ���- , ���-- ���' .-..
V If-the::vietim- protests against-..the
sentence he "is .charged with. being', a
coward and' his .'-"attitude.. Is, "construed
to ..show- clearly that lie. has: been" iri
cahoots' with . the. evil spirits.'., The
nafiv.es.do not" like Vto :have their.cour-:
age'or prowess challenged, so.between
their, desire, to'-live and! their '-effort, to
prove -that they are-nbt possessed-"of
any "devilish-spirits they quaff the poisoned'cup. .. Rarely, 'if; ever, does-a
victim reeover.-but if he-does not succumb, his innocence is established:" "y
' -Although the natives"are'naturally
niodestv-'Mr. Mili'.'conliriued, .^virtually
the .."entire population go about their
daily task's without tlie-"encumbrance
of ^clothing.' -'..-Sometimes -the, natives
can.be persuaded to don clothing after
the European fashion, when they pose
forVpljotographs.;      '-- X-'X V!  ' 7- -'...-"
came a" .Roman station.,in -i\y-reign; .many, .visits,, when-the business deal
of. the!. Empero.r .Claudius' during .the.
second .half of the" first century, A.D'.
'���'Under the; Saxons- London-became of.  pitality..... ;"-"
ings "have, been of such.a. nature-as'to
warrant.-friendship:  arid   Vthis ' hos-
HELP FOR
7^0UNGiltfQMEH
Mars.  Holmberg ��� Tells ;How
Lydia EPinkham's Vegetable
Compound Helped Her.
-;'- -V Dominion Swimming "'.'." ',.,.
.-..The.Dbniinipn .swsrnmirig championships lia\;e been !set for August li- at
Grand -Bcacli/.a. summer resort, near
\Vinni|)^g,;;'s.\viriiriiers from the Unit-
f-'dv Suite's -are" expected,to.-compefe
��gains 1 Canadians,for! the"'tltleW 7 "'���
Viking; A.ta.-^"From the. time I was.
',, 15 years old;I would get such sick feelings rin the. lower part of my abdomen,
followed by cramps'and vomiting. This
-_.-��� kept rrie-from my.wofk (I help my.parents on the farm).as I. usually had to
go to bed for the rest of the day. Or at
times r would-have to" walk the floor. I
,.suffered in this way-until a.friend in-
,���-._-���.; " Autos Iri Manitoba."-
-.,Over foriy-one-'thousand automobile
licenses: wfi��' issued 'ih- the. province
61 '..Manitoba ;]ast-'year.- Whis is ..1,775
more than "in 1021.and 4:560.more than
in H.207 in 3908 there were-only 408-
ears iicenseiL ' There areieiVdiffer-.
f'nt makes of cars now in operation,
as-against 165 in 1921, and, 18'4.in-3920.
How St. Bartholeinew's V
V   Hospital Was Founded
Citizen Erected It In Gratitude. For
. Recovery" From! Illness-
. StVBartholeiiiew's. Hospital,7Londop,
has'just, had-its'' 800th : -Anniversary
Luncheon. ���' It. was founded in the
reign of.'Henry 1. by a citizen named
Habere, who, falling ill on a'pilgrimage to Rome,' vowed, that if he.recovered he :wou!d show his gratitude to
God byVa'charitablefbundation for the
sick poor". "-At first;the'hospital was
very-small, "and in the roof was a lantern beneath wliich. a.; fire burnt day
and night to provide the; necessary
warmth. [ The!fire" was also" intended
to.counteract infection, for the'smoke
from -'Hie;brazier..'.curled', round, and
round';the! two. wards; The endowment of the hospital inust, at .first,
have;been .exceedingly sraall, as the
master had to go every morning to. the
shambles af'Newgale to buy-the meal
where wit li t,o - feed the. poor su ff erbrs,,=
Mail and Passenger Service Maintained Within Arctic Circle
Very few people are aware thai,
high up within the Arctic Circle, under the most adverse conditions of
darkness and storms, a regular mail
and passenger service by aeroplane
has been successfully maintained for
over two years without a single serious accident. v
This service, which follows the most
northerly air route in the world, links
the little community of Suorva, in the
extreme north of Sweden, with the
great waterpower centre at Porjus,
further to the southeast. The distance is only about 70 miles, but before the' aeroplane came it took days
to cover, over the mountains and
lakes, and Suorva was practical)', cut
off from the outside world.
Today the journey is completed in
about an hour, and there is a triweekly service. Last year over S7
per cent, of flights with the mails
were completed within schedule time,
even when the thermometer stood as
low as 40 degrees below zero.
The kind of difficulties are shown
by the fact that in the region - of
Suorva the wind has been known to
change and increase in velocity, within an hour, from 30 feet a second
southeast to 60 feet a second northwest, while an aeroplane leaving
Suorva in mild and damp weather has
suddenly entered a region so cold that
the weight of ice on its wings has
brought it down.
On many occasions the aeroplane
has been used to convey doctors to
patients, and vice versa, in cases ot
sickness or accident, and never once
has it failed in its errand of mercy.
During the winter, there are only three
or four hours of daylight but the pilot,
Mr. Holman, has flown in the middle
of the long night.
It remains to be added that the machine used is an English Avro with a
130 h.p. Clerget motor. It is fitted
In the summer with floats and in the
winter with skids.
There is to be an International Aero
Exhibition this summer at Gothenburg,
and Sweden points proudly to this remarkable service as showing what her
flyers can do.
Zeppelin
In    Trans-
Will    Be    Used
Atlantic Service
Details of the first Atlantic airship
service between Spain and Argentina
have just been made public by the
London Daily Chronicle, which says
that it may soon be possible to bridge
the 5,000 miles between the two continents in three and a half days. The
service will operate between Seville
and Buenos Aires, and Zeppelin aircraft will be used.
- There will be terminal airdromes,
mooring masts, repair sheds ami
hydrogen factories at Seville and at
Buenos Aires. In addition, emergency landing grounds will be laid out
at the Canary Islands and at Cordoba,
In the Argentine.
On the American side of the Atlantic the hangars will be made on a revolving principle, because of the variability of the wind. Four airships
are being built to inaugurate the
scheme, and it is anticipated that
service will begin next summer. It
also is probable that arrangements
Will be made to link up Seville direct
with London by an airplane service.
The airships, fitted with nine engines, each developing 400 horsepower
will carry 40 passengers and 11 tons-
of' malls and merchandise. There
will be two simultaneous flights a
week in each direction, and the time
taken to cross the Atlantic will bc
three days and 16 hours. Passengers
will have all the comforts of an Atlantic liner without the disadvantages
of seasickness.
The ships will have a speed of S2
miles an hour. Zeppelin pilots wiio
have not less than 1,000 successful
flights to their credit will be engaged'to operate the craft. Each airship will carry six pilots and a commander.
Powerful wireless sets will be fitted into each ship, thus it will be
possible to keep in touch with 45
weather stations on the coasts of
Spain, Africa, America, the Canary
Islands, Cape Verde and Fernando
Noronha, as well' as with ships at
sea.
'���'.-���.-'������'.-���   Self-Restrairit:;
- -Lady���The" idea!' of ,a:'..great..'big,
husky man like-you asking'a' stran-
er for money.! .   '.''      '-���"-''.- '.-V X
,duced"me"to"tV^ Britain fan speak'by telephone to j  . Tramp.���I know, lady,, but ..I'm too
'^Vegetable Compound.   I have had very . Fi'hnee,    Belgium.    Switzerland    and
"satisfactory, results so far and am rec- : j Tolland.
ommen'ding" the Vegetable Compound, to __^ ,^_- ;
my" friends:V Fsurely".am glad -I tried. V -
it for I-jfe'el like- a different person .how-. - The "\v-rjriklcs Caused by worry are
that I don 't hayWhcse^-troubles.''���''���.Vilie-^reMiih of.;worrying over'so.methinu.
-ii;X6r[hXX<;o\xld jiot;.h'eIp..:Vv \V"- V'!
-yo'ilcanit '.offend '������{ homely'
h��:r fclie'isn't.?,        -:.
woman
Odelia HoLMSERGiBox 93,Viking,;Alta. \ ,
Letters like this establish the riierits :.'.
of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com- ! '
pound. They tell of the relief from such  .
pains and ailmtn'teafter taking it.. : by t'iijr.r
. .   t,ydia.E..Pinkham's Vegetable ComT- j X-.-XXX-,
|*undymade'fr<ttnBati I
..- coritai%-'iitt,barco.tic^^^
yy, and' ixs4ay nol!ds:,tfae ''reeordV'i-f \ liein'g-the-.
:���:-. :.irnfe#suceessfrii.!:r.em^yVf<>r^eroaM^ilsV'j!
!X.-jri this :c<raitr��,v''aild' ".thousands of Vol-'!
kind-hearted to. tap you on the bean
an.' take it aw"ay.~Philadelphia..Bulletin. "_ . ��� 7
Island That Appears
At Regular Intervals
Comes to Surface of Michigan"^ Lake
Every Summer
Eeports from Saigon, in South
China, announce the remarkable appearance of an Island suddenly making Its appearance- on the surface of
the,ocean.- ���- TKls new addition to the
world's collection of Islands is the result of a Volcanic eruption,J and measures, four .hundred-yards in diameter.
' VA1 though -an -occurrence of, this na-
ture-seemsuncariny, it Js not. the only
case on record .of inlands with- pecu.
iiai-.habits. .'In,;the;' State.of. Michigan-tiiere>is one Vwhicli:every "summer
comes! to tlie surface of Lake" Orion
and .every winter, returns' to the depths
from-���'which- it came. ���'������ So.regular are
the> appearances: and' disappearances
of.this island "that,the actual-'date bf-
its arrival:and. departure !can almost
.be foretold';;"- '"V '; y'i. . ;���.��� ���' --
'  AH efforts.'to control.its.movements
have failed. 7_On,one-.occasi6h a party
o.f fanners attempted to" sink it,once'
anil'for.. ever byToadirig. it.,up: -with
large, quantities of "massive' "stones, in
the hope "that .when it-took its annual
dive it; would.' beunableto rise again/
-Wheri-;lhe-a'ppoint<.d--tim'e-'for--the;Jis-
land's reappearance became due/how-,
ever,. up it came, as usual, but;"the
stones were-all gone." 7 7 ',."..
[ 'Another 7curIous" instance-is that of.
an Island-on Henry's. Lake, in. the
Rocky Mountains. ������ This freak of Nature-floats,,^��^ on the surface .of.the
water like a boat. ���: A- willow.-thicket
thri\��es. in .the -centre,- interspersed
with-'small aspens arid, dwarf-pines,
which.-.catch!the breeze and"" act as
sai!s,*by means of .which the island- is.
carried - from .place ��� to place.' -One
evening- it may be.-within _i- stone's
throw! of the siioreV 7'.-Next niornln'g'it
may.befive.milesaw.avi -.- ���.        "' '
Islands which come and go usually
owe: their;origin'to volcanic disturbances.-   ' ���'���������������.:. .'���;. '. .���'
A Gentle Protest
Weather     Man     Does    Not
Regulate Matters to Suit
We have wanted moisture in this
southern part of the province, but Alberta should work on a better average. > It is not really necessary to
make up in two or three days for
three or four years' drought. The
weather man of .this province lacks
poise. He goes Vto extremes. He
has parched us until we longed for
rain with a great longing. Then he
flooded our .houses, disconnected our
gas and water-logged our power
plants. Our businessmen a few'weeks
ago .'implored the ministerial'alliance
to pray-for rain.. Perhaps, the alliance,'.prayed -;toa ; powerfully.."- Our
friehd Hatfield." should
���the" job this year.' .1 lis ..reputation
would .-have.been secureVfor all. time:
.Those citizens along ,tlie. Elbow' may
have had !riiuch, sympathy- for.the/farmers .in the la Iter's1 need of rain,' but
they- are justified in-wishing that the
needjiad- been "supplied, over a- longer
'perio'd. "- One. brings to mind'the old
story of the" Scottish' minister "who.
was ."asked -to" pray^'Tor 'rain, 7. After
praying for 25 minutes^-abbut twpi
thirds'of a!.realVPresbyterian prayer-^
the rain came;,dowri in torrents,, arid
the. riiinis'ler said.: "Oh,-Lord, this Is
fair'reedi(:'ulous.:"7���Calgary Herald..",,-
'Bug" Was Not Insulated
Son of. Electrical Engineer Did Not
Understand Nature
The sniall son of a well-known
electrical engineer is more: familiar
with the appliances of modern civilization than with the sniall things ol
Nature, and when visiting the counLry
unhesitatingly picked up a hornet to
more closeiy inspect ils mechanism.
When his father hurried out to dis-
Always 'cover the cause of the commotion
which immediately broke the peace of
the summer day, the little lad was ruefully "sucking a thumb while tears
streamed down his face.
"Why, what is the trouble, son?"
he was asked. ���     '
"It was that bug," he managed to
explain between sqbs. "I think his
wirin' Is defective: I touched him
and he wasn't Insulated at all."-1-
Philadelphia Ledger.
..'   Villi-' Vlong_    f_* - i   KmK     KirppAef .'
-"-  k/i.iiB_ -AAVpC    iv:-viiulu -utCiwi	
Anoth��'r.Expedition May.-B��"Launched
' VNext Year'"'
"Man is far from being beaten-by
Mount Everest; .We hope to launch
another expedition to.attempt to climb
.'it next-year.". - - -���'" '.������:���.'
���""The Earl, of Ronaldshay made this
new' declaration.-bf war'against the
world's higiiest.mountain'in his.presidential address to the Koyal Geograp-r
hical Socielj'.. He added that, .since
tiie last year's, expedition had proved
that" it was' possible to establish a
camp-at an altitude of 25,500 feet,, it
gave ground for hope that next year's
proposed^ expedition, would be, successful. V . '.-,. [,.x  '-. -' ''-- V    "7   "'-- ���:--'���'������
Ths. Real. Question'"'
.: ^-...WifeV^-DO-you^know that you have:
Vi n't kissed'me for six weeks?
" .A" Terrible- Mistake-, V, . ������'.-
A neaf-siglited man V lost his new
straw hat iri. a strong wind. He gave
chase, but every time, he thbught.he
was catching up. with it it .was wliislt'.
ed away frorii under his hand. A wo-;
man screamed ���' from" a nearby; farm-;
house:;-.-. ' ���        "'   7  ',-~ ,;"';--."!;..-. 7 ���"-
"What are. you doingthere?".--..
7 He^.mildly-replied that he was trying, to retrieve'his hat.
. "YVoiir hat?" exclaimed the. woman;
"There" it-is over there 'under -.-.'that
stone wall; that's.our'liftle..white hen"
you've been, chasing.";
Railway Extensions
V
Worlc on
to
Canada's Automobile Industry
Over'Half a Million Automobiles Now
1 Used In Canada
���- A compilation showing the develop-
have.7been- on-jnnent ;of the automobile industry in
Canada places the capital invested in
this-industry at :over $47,000,000.. -A
total Vof 101,007:: automobiles, were
manufactured-.in .'Canada in .-1922,
which'.was-fifty-three.per. cent; more
than in .1921.-'-;Over half a million
automobiles are now registered as in
use in.Canada,".of which the" greatest
number-are .in Ontario'-and the small-
,est. .in-the /' Yukon .. Territory.^ - -..The
number ;by" -' provinces" is as'.-follows:.
'Prince 'Edward "Island;.. 2.167; Nova
Scotia"/ "16,159;,.'New'- Brunswick, "13,-
:611;V Quebec,''61,395;- Ontario, 241,986;
Manitoba/ '42,230'; ������ Saskatchewan,1' 6L-
367.; Alberta, 40,612; British Columbia;
33,630"; Yukon,-V-S5!;.'--.V -'  :.;  ,.'.'
Branch   Lines  of  C.N.R.
Start at Once
Work will start immediately on the
453 niiles of Canadian National Railways extensions in Saskatchewan, al- .
ready authorized, but in the face of
the prospects for a. crop of unusual
size in the west, labor, shortage may
to some extent retard the programme.
It was pointed out;! in. an interview
with Sir Henry Thornton, President
ofthe Canadian National Railways.  "'-
"It seems that we will have^a mil-'
iion acres more crop along our lines
this year than last," said Sir Heriry.
"All our officials are unanimous that
this, is one of the most splendid crop,
years we have ever had. We have
had a few washouts, but I say we can
stand the washouts if we iget the rain.,
for the crop."
Produce Real  Pearls
:"!'V. V, Cattle-Saje's-Increase-' " -! .V;
Combined, sales of cattle at jmbitc
stockyards during the 7first.' four
months of 3922 'totalled,204,900 head*
asVcomp'ared-with 160,500 offered'during the^same;period-of '1922, 'accord-1
fng. to. a report issisedby the Markets
Inteliigence^Branch of the'Department
of Agriculture; Cattle on through billing for the same period totalled 11,786,'
as compared with 6,097, an increase of
oyer S3 per cent.-'"-'..'.- 7-7 -X:- '���'���'���"xXX
,.'Drill .For-Oil;ln Manitoba- ..;. ',
It is reported that drilling, arid tests
for "possible oil deposits will be carried out- in. the Porcupine- Jlountalri.
district of Manitoba during i he coming summer,by. the Porcupine.Mountain Oil ..and Gas eompany. . Work
of drilling'the initial well" Is already
under way.-. -       .' ���_���"���'."������������' ���-. .
Japs Have a System of Grafting that
. Produces Results
The Japs have gone one better than
nature,in-producing real pearls from
oysters with a little help.     The process Is. not dissimiliar    to    fruit-tree
grafting.      A' little  mother of pearl
nucleus is enveloped in a fragment of "
the tissue, of a pearl producing oyster..;
This nucleus.Is then introduced into
the deeper tissues of the oyster and
after 6 or 7 years-the pearl is born.   It
reacts frorii all tests:-lik"e" the purely ������-
natural : pearl.'-' The ; discovery   has -
not cheapened pearls very riiuch'on ac-.-
count of thc'diflficulty and time con-.
sumedbyVth* process..." " V  .-
.,'--7     At-Home-Everywhere '' ,'���'X
" -Scene!���A hotel' in Buenos. A ires!.    "
..Hotel Clerk (registering new'guest).
-^Fpreigner,;"slr? -*'y-��-:���y-_-y-y--
'. New ;. Arrival ' .-(testily).���--Certainly-'
riot.     English.���London Express..,,
.  Buttons In;the Collection .. -;V ..
"'. A", sportirig.'padre, %yho had. just nd-.;
ticed several buttoris. in :the offertory
plates,  exclaimed: ; "Brethren,    ren.l.
ypui; hearts and not your garments."���
News'of "the; World.7".',-; , X'X '
��� "      '        ' ' " '""'      ""���    ' ""      '"  "     "     "MM*-
������!   iH si' nian is unabie'-'to show scars on
his fingers he never "learned to whittle
Eczema Covered Arms
ot This Healthy Child
Mr*. AI��r. Mw��h��ll, Spruced��le,  Chxt., write*:���-   7
"When! my  little- s"ph-/-yyas.;"three"
months old. he broke out in sores on
his cheat and arm��. We  did all we.
could to heal those terrible sorts, but
nothing did Vhirii. much Vgood.. Finally.! ventured.on"'* box of Dr/Chase's
Ointment  and .kept  oh  using, it.  At
- ... last we. were  rewarded by the
steady healing of the sores; and.
finally he, was compieitely teliev-
ed "of  them.  He is. now three
years old, and'has had no ,rc-
7 7 ,7 ;   Baby WtornhaiL!! .. turn of tlie trouble since."
.-: im. CHASE'is'OINTMENf v;vv\
6.0 cents a box, ail deslens or Edinanson, Bate* & Co., Ltd., Toronto.
77 ^ft^^}^^7!t;#trif �� th tirXs^^[0
:prOteaio!ri.Vag&jri!stvC^l��lV '��� V7 XXXXXiV
;V.^i^!M!ridsi<;!��tt^
.-It- jori.doahf ���.'ttotLtdii ^.Krifeham%|
:T?efeital)W Xhnipdim^i^iityXh^Xf^XXyyXXXX'
yyritie ���t&.0��<I[#&aX&XPiri^
. ���TmU^mr8:-'p^'i��i0(textrb^k[zti4Xl���i "'"
���shot��'Shout j^^7'*^*^: xsMXXx^yy
-���'.-.. Saskatchewan Municipalities
-'Including incorporations authorized
by the Department of Muncipa! Affairs in 1922, there is now a total ol
Prof7(-ivho!is absent-minded)��� Good 1741 urban and; rural huihicipaiiiies in
.heavens, w-hb.-have I been leasing.' Saskatchewan. Numerically, the-dif-
tjjen?.^vi?.cpnsiri. Octopus!.: ���;.."���, ���, -..:���; - ferent types of municipalilies are div-
jd'ed .as^foilo-ivs": ��� 'Giti.es77.v-'-towns,'7-S;-
!^!p{^^7s49;;.-j5umdier;iesof|,.yipage^
^VjsridVjif til 'TOunicipai?tifi<.i:'3ftl,.!j [XyXX
our! V-little
;veiT;:VbadIjv;'.SIrs^
g;a:^M^|S|;^^^riJ^;ri |lafidS^
;!> MiriisterifTjiThe!" roof X til
:churchV7i^; VleriklQg;;
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>l^ii^^^te "jas ;&a ;a^7!'ii*^^VCq3!
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THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD.:    B.     C.
$
1/.
Loses Out
anitoha When
rovince Votes Wet
Winnipeg.���Early returns gave a
majority in the province for the moderation bill of 31,106. Nearly all
rural constituencies were incomplete.
Electrical storms had occurred in
many districts, interrupting telegraph
and telephone lines.
X)f the total majority for the "wets,"
25,732 was secured in Winnipeg and
'5,'ltH in the country districts so far
reported. If will be.some days before complete figures for the province
are available, but it is estimated that
the majority at that time will be, close
to 30,000.
Only six polls in Winnipeg gave
dry majorities. The suburbs all went
wet. Brandon, the second city in
the province, had a wet majority of
903, the' figures being 2,435 and 1,532.
Nothing whatever has been received from nine provincial constituencies
���Turtle Mountain, Si. George, Rupert's Land Mountain, Killarney, Gilbert Plains, Fisheiv Deloraine and
Fairford. The wet majority is so
overwhelming, however, that belated returns can have no material
effect upon it.
Winnipeg, which voted wet in the
importation referendum of 1920 by
about ",000 rolled up tremendous
majorities in almost every poll and
more than tripled that figure.
Prohibition workers admitted by
10 o'clock that their cause had met
decisive defeat. ' They were surprised
and ^disappointed at the showing
from the rural polls and the smaller
towns, and at the size of the majority in Winnipeg. Moderation
League workers expressed gratification and pointed out that they had
caused a change in sentiment
throughout the province.
EFFORTS TO FORM WHEAT BOARD
HAVE AGAIN RESULTED IN FAILURE
\Vinnipeg>-Arter prolonged conferences and negotiations the premiers
of Alberia and Saskatchewan- have
reached the conclusion that it is noi
possible (o form a satisfactory wheat
board. This decision is concurred in
by-representatives of the fanners''organizations who have been in conference here with Hon. C. A. Dunning,
Premier of Saskatchewan, and Hon.
Herbert Greenfield, Premier of Alberta. A statement . reviewing the
negotiations, and -announcing ��� the
abandonment of the effort ,to form a
board, was issued to the . Canadian
Press with the signatures.of the two
Premiers, who are to leave for their
homes ac once.
"We have found it impossible;" said
the statement, "to secure a board combining all necessary elements of ex
perience, ability and public confidence." The situation was made more
difficult, it is stated, by the decision
of the Manitoba Legislature to not cooperated with the other western provinces. This made it\certain' that
trading in wheat on the" Winnipeg Exchange would, continue, and men who
might have been available had tlie
proposed compulsory board applied to
all three provinces would not accept
the ' responsibility lor marketing the
crop of two provinces only..
Failure of wheat board plans for
the second' year in succession, will
leave the western wheat crop to be
marketed under existing machinery.
While there has been talk from time
to time of a voluntary pool, no definite steps have been -taken- in that
direction.   '
Alberta Crop Prospects
Minister Says Wheat Crop May Total
175,000,000 Bushels
'Lethbridge,-Alta.���That he' would
not be surprised if the. total ��wh'eat
production of Alberta ' reached 175,-
000,000 busheis this year, was the
statement made here by__.Hon7 V. W.
Smith, Provincial- Minister of ��� Railways and telephones'; wlio has just
completed a tour of the province from
Grand Prairie, iri fhe far north,, to
Lethbridge, in the south.
Hon. Mr. Smith pointed out that
last year the province* had 5,701,000
acres in wheat; and recent estimates
were that, there would be.an increase
.of ten per cent, this year. ' He declared thatV mid-June conditions are
better today than they were in 1915,
'when .the" average yield was 32.4 bushels per' acre, 'so ��� that the enormous
total of 175,000,000 bushels was not
impossible.
V Canned Heat'Proves Fatal .
'-' Winnipeg.���Three. men are dead as
.'.tlie result of a .party/' where ..canned
.heat arid wood alcohol were consumed." "While an inquest into'the'deaths
: of two victims was in progress it. was
Vannounced that:Percy-Totteri, 19, also
had,succumbed.'   '-- .XX    y- ;
The   coroner's   jury   recoinmended
tha!tVpreparalion.s of'canned,heat'arid
wood.alcohol be prominently ma!rke(l
"Poison," arid that purchasers be cau:
-honed by. the merchants selling, such
.goods;":" -..    .. ,-..- " -   ;   ,-'"." -.-; ;.
Safeguarding Food
Supplies In War
British House of Lords Discusses Submarine  Development
London.���The question of safeguarding the nalion;s food supplies in
war-time, especially from Empire
sources, in view of the development
of the submarine, was raised in the
House of Lord. . .
The Earl of Clarendon, speaking for
the Government,. was reluctant* to
give publicity to the Government's deliberations inasmuch as the subject
was closely connected with imperial
defence. The Duke of Devonshire,
Secretary for the Colonies,- subsequently stated that the matter was
receiving close attention and would
be considered by the Imperial Conference.;,    . .."..
Wheat Thirty,]Inches High -.-"'
Le.hbridge.-~On the Keissler- farm,
east- of TLethbr.idge, is a field of. 135
acres, of. Marquis -.wheat, sown: April il
arid...l2,.7which stand_s."30=.inches' high
and;is just beginning to head;out.'
i     Australia  Deporting  Radicals
London.���The London . Morning
Post's Melbourne correspondent cables
that, the Australian Federal Government" has decided to carry , out. the
recommendation of the special board
of enquiry' and deport the Irish Republican . envoys, Father O'Flannigan
and .O'Kelly, who,went.to Australia
several-weeks'ago~to_foster Irish Republican sentiment there.  .
Polish Priests Coming to:West
Montreal.-Vllt.-Rev.. Bishop. Budka,
of the Ruthenlari -rite,Wirinipeg, returned 7 to. Canada on'the Empress ...of
France. V. He has .been on a visit to
Poland. .; He was accoinpanied byVfive
Polish priests, who. will minister to
charges'in: Western Canada.   ���!;.   .
From royalties on.phonograph records .alone... Caruso,: famous 'Italian
tenor, received more than $2,000,000. .
ion
; Catania.���-The' smiling, fruitful'arid
thickly populated slopes of Mount
: Et na. arid ' the surrounding ��� country: as
the correspondent of the Associated
Press saw them, .in past,, have now become., with ghastly -suddenness,; tlie
"land-of dreadful night."   ���;'���
-Through the thick darkness, which
can-almost be felt,'glows-(lie crimson
of the lava fire- flowing, from th��? broken-lips of-the craters, extending for-
miles and. gradually growing darker
as the moiien mass cools and hardens,
until cracks and crevices appear oh
the surface through which can be seen
bubbling up the boiiing lava.
The fields of Fiume. Freddo, Diana
and Calatabiano; once green and beautiful, now covered with heavy deposits
of dust, and - cinders"., tremble and
heave ��� beneath the feet, while the.
.roaring sounds accompanying the
eruption mingle with the rumblings of
lorries through the darkness carrying
away the refugees and their possessions fronj '.he -doomed viliaces.  ' 7
Trotzky Hurls Threat
At Great Britain
Bolsheviki Leader Directs Hate Toward  British and Italians
Moscow.���An attack on Great Britain, hints ol' a Russo-French rapprochement and a plea for "more
metal in our national character,"
marked an address by Leon Trotzky,
Soviet War Minister, before the all-
Russian congress of metal workers.
"If an ultimatum is presented to us,"
he exclaimed, referring to the recent
13ritisli_noies,- "let us create a detachment of airplanes. If a coup .d'etat
occurs in Bulgaria, lei us build another detachment of airplanes, and if
there is a coup d'etat in Persia build
more 'planes.
JI." Trotzky said Great Britain ami
Italy had, according to information at
hand, assisted in the coup d'etat in
Bulgaria, and the British had aided
in the nationalist overthrow in Persia. Declaring thafe%Russia's losses in
the world war were overwhelming,
greater than Britain's, Trotzky added:
"It was for this purpose, perhaps, that
Lord Curzon felt strong enough to deliver us his ten-day ultimatum.
WESTERN EDITORS
Canadian Divorces Increase
Dominion    Statistics    Report    British
Columbia   Having   Greatest
Number
Ottawa.���An enormous increase in
divorces throughout Canada in recent
years, and particularly since the war,
is shown by a bulletin just issued by
the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. In
1913, divorces granted in Canada nurii-
bered 5.9. In 191S, the number was
90. In 1919, the first year of peace,
the number jumped to 376, and in 1922
there were 544. British Columbia
with 138 had the highest number of
divorces in 1922, Alberta coming next
with 129, Manitoba had 97, Ontario 90
and Quebec only 6.
The causes for the increase in
divorces, says the^ bulletin, may be
found in the generally uns'ettling effect of the war period and the fact
that since 1918 the prairie provinces
have had power to grant divorce decrees in their own courts.
In Australia and New Zealand the
same tendency is observed, divorces
in the former country increasing.from
617 in-1916 to 1,051 in 1920, and in the
latter from 246 in 1916 to 660 in 1921.
Close On Sundays
3.    I.    May,    Editor   of The Review,
Cardston, Alberta.
House Approves the
Sales Tax Amendment
Aim   Is  To   Do   Away   With   Present
Varying Scale
Ottawa.���The House of Commons
adopted the resolution on, the sales
tax in the committee of ways and
means practically without discussion.
The aim of the amendment is to
substitute a general sales tax of six
per cent, instead of a varying scale,
as at present in effect, explained Hon.
W. SV Fielding, Minister of Finance.
He hoped that the new system would
Increase revenue and simplify collections.
- A bill to amend the special war revenue act, to give effect to the resolution, was-separately introduced and
given first reading.
Manitoba Theatres and Stores Cannot
Open   on   Lord's  Day
Winnipeg.���Despite the decision of
Sir Hugh John MacDonald that the
Lord's Day Act is of no effect in Manitoba, theatres aud places of business
wiil not be permitted io open Sundays,
in the opinion of Hon. R. W. Craig,
atlorn.-y-general.
Following a conference between
Mr! Craig, Crowi, Prosecutor Graham
and John Allan,, deputy attorney-general, Mr. Craig "issued a statement
lhat places of amusement which attempted to remain open Sundays
would be liable to have their licenses
cancelled and their employees would
be open io prosecution under an English law of Charles 11. Storekeepers
opening Sundays also would be liable
under the old law.
Mr. Craig urged complete, revision
of the federal law after a decision is
handed down by the Privy Council in
the appeal from the ruling of the
Manitoba courts that Sunday i rains
to the beaches are legal in Manitoba.
Government Probes
Canteen Activities
To Establish Police Posts
Ottawa Government Sending An
Expedition   Into  Far  North
Ottawa.���The Government intends
to send an expedition to the Arctic Islands, this year fo . establish . police
posts and to acquire scientific information. Information to this effect Is
contained in a return to an order of
the House moved by George Parent
(Liberal, Quebec West).
The return states that the Government, intends to equip the steamship
Frankling for service In the Arctic
regions at a cost of $80,000. The
amount will purchase, equip and maintain the vessel during 1923. One motion picture photographer wil be carried.' -���-...   -���' -       ".---.-
An expedition was sent to'the Arctic last year under the command of
Captain "J. E. Bernier. ':���-..
Sir Thomas Liptoir
After Trophy;Again
S.hamrockj.V._Wil LRace 7| n 7,1924���For.
. ���?,���       .American Cup"..-.   ^_."
- - New'.. York!���Sir-.'' Thomas/ Lipton,"
famous Irish yachtsman, will challenge
again this year for 'another ..series of
races;for the" America C.upVtp be run
in-the summer: of 1924,-the Evening
Post says it-lias  learned.'-.'7charl.es
Nicholson., and ^Villlam Fife; two -of
England's, most noted yacht designers;
'are-to, collaborate on the design of the
newVchallengeivwhich will be named
Shamrock V.'.        .".-"���������=' ...... 'V"' -
...It was ^earned Sir Thomas had. ordered^ the 23-nieterV Shamrock reconditioned to ..be taken: overseas as a
l"tace;setter for the new'yacht.
Insulin From Dogfish
Supply ��� More Prolific, Than From
Cattle,  Says  Alberta   Professor
Seattle.���Insulin, the new agent for
the treatment' for diabetes, has been
isolated in proriiising quantities from
dogfish taken in Puget Sound, Dr. J. B.
Collip, professor of bio-chemistry in
the University of Alberta, told an audience here. Dr. Col Up, in his laboratory at Edmonton, obtained more
irisulin from the pancreatic g'.ands of
seven tons of dogfish than he could
have obtained from an equal quantity
of pancreas from cattle.
Dr. Collip lectured in connection
with the annual meeting of the;Paci-
fic Northwest Medical Association In
progress here.
Passengers From the Orient
Regina,���Carrying passengers from
the Orient for Great Britain and other
European countries a special boat
train operating as second section of
C.P.R. No. 2 passed through here June
19th.' tn addition to the other passengers the train carried a coach load of
Chinese in bond bound for the West
Indies. . Passengers on the train
crossed the Pacific on the Empress of
Canada.      .     - ���'...'���
To Protect Tourists In China
- London.���Great Britain, in collaboration with the United States and other
powers,,is considering what'measures
can be ta.ken in co-operation with the
Chinese. Government for ' the safeguarding.-of'foreign passengers while
travelling oa Chinese.railroads..; .One
suggestion-considered is the formation
of-arChinese7gendarmerie-un'der'the
command of'allied and United.States.
officers.   .- V V       '        '":���"���-,..-
Witness Asserts Profit Enhanced By
Sales to Arabs
London���Some remarkable evidence'
concerning the army and navy canteen board's dealings with the Arabs
iri Mesopotamia was given at the
governmental enquiry into the workings of the canteens. It was asserted
by one o'f the witnesses that whereas
the managers of the canteens had
been instructed to sell only to British
and Indian troops, they had also sold
to Arabs at one hundred per cent,
extra, the margin finding its way into
the managers' pockets.
Another assertion made was that
fourteen tons of butter had been sent
to Constanlinpole when there was
room for only one ton, the result being that most of the remainder was
spoiled. An ex-offlcer of the canteen
board, it was also alleged, had purchased goods for ��8,000, for which
other firms had to pay ��14,000.
Government Intimates
Wprk On H. B. Road
Will Be Carried Out
High Grade Stock
Excites Comment
Convention  Delegates Impressed With
Showing   From  Saskatchewan
University
Saskatoon.���Advanced lectures on
soils and forage crops and a livestock
show were features of the programme
of the first day of the convention of
the Canadian Society of Technical As-,
riculturists, held at the University of
Saskatchewan.
Dr. F. J. Alway, of the University of
Minnesota, lectured on "The Diagnosis
of the Unproductlviiy of Soils," and
A. J. Peters, or the United States Department, of Agriculture, Washington,
spoke on "Forage Crop Problems in
the Northern States."
The show of the university livestock excited comment, from the delegates. President L7 S..,Klinck, of the
University of British Columbia, said:
"No college in Canada has a siring of
horses io compare with those shown."
The large numbers and the high
average quality of the otherJcinds of
stock also impressed ihe visitors.
Russia Holds U.S. Ships
Schooners Reported to. be Carrying
Liquors and Furs for Sale    '
Rome, Alaska.���Liquor aboard for
trafficking was a factor in the detention of four United States trading
schooners at East Cape, Siberia, by
the Russian ^Soviet Government, according to information received here.
Besides a license for trading, it is
reported that, the Soviet has imposed
an extremely high tax on skins exported; from-Siberia.- ��� JV Costell, of
Nome, owner, of the Belinda, one of
the seized schooners, is reported to
have a thousand fox skins that he has
been trying' to ship out of that country by that vessel.
The entrance of liquor into Siberia
is absolutely opposed by the Soviet
authorities.
Export Of Gold
Isjtill Prohibited
Government Also Suspends Redemption of Bank Notes in Gold '.
Ottawa.���The Government proposes
to continue in force the proclamation
suspending the redemption of Dominion and bank notes in gold i'or a further period of three years, unless an
earlier date for the resumption of the
gold payments is set by order-in-
council. This announcement is made
in a resolution introduced in the
House of Commons by Hon. W. S.
Fielding, Minister of Finance. The
resolution also gives the Government
power to continue the prohibition of
export of gold, and proposes to continue in force the authority for the issue of Dominion notes to the banks in
return for securities.
��D _..'JIM
Reds'^ Menace to West
C.N. Criminal Investigator Says Police
' Co-operation. Needed
Windsor, Orit.-^Western Canada is
in .the same state" of unrest from the
activities., of "Bolshevists arid other
"Reds", as Europe." was iO years' ago.
Approaching ; the volcano . masses ^UPL Page,.of. the. criminal inv'estiga-
oj fiery niaterial, thrown up" from the *ion department-.of the Canadian Xa
:smaller7eriiters'"cah7be seen...- - They,
roll slowly .'down !the. niountain. side,
and above. them are dense clouds of
smoke arid vapor.     One by one, the
tional!-'Hallway's, told members of the
Police Chiefs' Association, in - session
here. ' He declared that the co-operation'- of - every, police chief iu. -Canad.r
.splendid  homes aiid -Villas.: are .over- ,%vas needed..to; stamp-out the trouble-j-
borne VmLdcstrpycd.     Vineyard's and-.i s.ome. foment.'
gardens -have';.been consumed iii the] ~r"
intense heat'long    b.-i'ore   -the    lava'
reached '.them, -throwing off myriads
of sparks, and,.finally-smoulder down
into grini darkness.
At Castinione the inhabitants lingei:
iri' their houses, collecting and packing their possessions, though doubtless''most of these must be abandoned
along the road.
Urtempjoymeht In Great: Britain
London.���The .uneiriploynient'situa--,
tion in Great Britain which, has' been
steadily improving in recent, months,
underwent a' setback last week-when
-the figures" were, increased by ten
.thousand. The total number of 'unemployed is bow 1,197,000.
Berlin,���Five  million   Germans, are
"it.     N.     U.     &-i'.&
The visit of King Victor Emmanuel I at  present receiving government  un,
was the outstanding event of ihe day. ^employment relief.
The King, wherever he appeared, wa^s | ���
the object of ini.er.se enthusiasm, the.
women especially crowding around
the    royal    motor,'' holding up their ! ident   of   the   Dominion  : Command,
- - To Attend Convention
0'.iawae���Robert Maxwell, late j>res-
childreri and telling,them jo-.look .on.
the royal deliverer, crying: '\Long
live the King;" he wil! seeh that-we
have ail we Eetd-"     -.-.'-'!     ..'.-���   ."*-������--
Great-War "Veterans'.. Assoeiation. is
leaving tor- England early in 3aly .to
aitf'su .the. British Empire. 'Service
League is Lond'oh,1 July .15..-'   -'-���.'
.... Canada?s Envoys to Geneva
',. Ottawa.���Sir Lomer Gouin, Minister
of,. Justice,: and probably Hon. GV P.
Graham, will be the Canadian ministers wlio will represent Cariada this
year at".the/Assembly.of the League
of .Nations"' In Geneva.;-' Afterwards
they will go-to the Economic and I.mr>
perial,conferencesin.London.'   .;  -
Another Triumph for Air Pilot
F. L. Barnard -Who Won King's Prize
' Adds to Laurels
London.r-Air Pilot F. L. Barnard,
who won the King's* Prize.'last year
for making a circuit of Great Britain,
flew from Croydon .to . Cologne' and
Brussels arid back, to'Croydon.- The,
total'flying time was six hours and 32
minutes: ' VBarnard carried, five'passengers to Cologne-from Croydon,-six
from Cologne_ to ��� Brvlssels7^nd seven,
from Brussels to Crovdon. 7
Forecasts Big Cattle Shipment,
; ��; Montreal.���It was estimated here by
J! R.- Ryan, Manager of the Canadian
National;Bureau,of Breeding, that between the present tiriie and.the,close
of- navigation from ,- Montreal,'; next'
fall," about. 50,000! head,oi.'..-fat arid
store.cat.tie.will be."shipped frorii various-pari's of Cariada through Montreal
to the Brifish market. Over 10,000
head liave7already.been shipped.
Declines Post On
Proposed Wheat Board
General- Manager of Grain Growers
Will Not Act
Winnipeg.���J. R. Murray, General
Manager of the United Grain Growers
Limited, announced that, two weeks
ago he had declined the offer of the
chairmanship of the proposed wheat
hoard; that the offer had not been
renewed, but that he was of the same
mind should he be approached again.
Premier Greenfield of Alberta, on behalf of himself and Premier Dunning
of Saskatchewan, made the offer, said
Mr. Murray, and the executive of his
comp"any-Jwere prepared; to grant him
a year's leave of absence should he
desire to accept.
Otiawa.���Picas for more branch
lines for the Canadian National, particularly in Quebec and the Marilimcs,
were made in the House.
The House is considering a recom-'
mendaiion covering proposed branch
line construction, a resolution was
adopted, and a bill based thereon
was given first reading. During the
discussion,' Hon. G. P. Graham, Minister of Railways, said thai believing
ihe. promises of the Government and 7
Parlianient in regard to the Hudson's
Bay Railway should bc carried out,
he would consider including an item
in the supplementary estimates in
this connection.
There was a long, and, at limes,
vigorous discussion, iu the House over
the resolution introduced by Hon. J.
A. Robb, Minister of Trade and Commerce, to provide for the control of
grain rates on the lake boats. The
resolution is thc result of thc report
of the Royal Commission on that subject, and the members of ihe commission came in  foi- criticism.
The resolution provided for control
of grain freight rates by the Board of
Grain Commissioners, and Hon. H. II.
Stevens' (Conservative, Varicouver
Centre), asked the minister why the.
grain commissioners were resorted to
to take care of this matter rather
than the Dominion Board of Railway
Commissioners.
Hon. J. A.'Robb said it was felt
that the .grain commissioners, at the
head of the lakes, conversant with' tho
grain trade, were better fitted to
handle the matter intelligently than a'
board in Ottawa, far from the scene
of operations.
Mr. Stevens expressed the opinion .
thai the committee was being asked
to frame a law which purported to
do something which it did not do at
all. He thought thai the effect of the
bill- would ;be io heighten rates.
The Government could provide against
unreasonable increase by a vigorous
application of suspension of the'coast- ���
al laws.
, Mr. Robb said the Minister of Marine and Fisheries was providing for an
amendment which would give the Government, power to suspend the coastal
laws. It was felt, however, that the
Government, would have two levers
with which to prevent undue.enhancement of lake freight, "rates if the riieas-
ure before the House was passed.
.- Frenchman May Try Pole Flight
. Paris.���A ��� French* -ex-army officer
intends to mnke an attempt to reach
the' North Pole by air now .that
Raoukl Amundsen has abandoned his
scheme, the newspapers announce.
The prospective adventurer's name \i
withheld.
Births In Canada "
Ottawa.���-Births in Canada (except
Quebec), during 1922, are ..announced'
by the Bureau of Statistics as numbering 162,552 and deaths as .6S.17!)..
ln 1921 births were 168,979 and death3
fj7,772. ..-��� , ''
Greater Population Is
Needed For Deyelopment
VOi National Resources
London.-r^Spnie'.  frank -views, "con- -'arid Ukrainia, into.the stockyards, the
cerning Grand.-Trunk-.'matters.:   were  steel works, and the-mines. The same
given at considerable length by Presi-, mistake,-but, to" a-less  degree,  had
derit-JE.- AV.- Beatty^ of 'the  Canadian' -been made'iu-Canada.'
Pacific-Railway,',in fi' speech.'delivered -   "."What-we .seem .to. need Is what I
at-the".Canada .Ciub"h'ereV''    '.-'. .''���;_'.. '   ri)ight!-.call".a    balanced    immigration,
' Mr." Beatty. a|p"o.-dealt,  with   Carta-   which    would    supply" our-industries,"
dian -.deve'lopment.-eiiiphksii'.irig"-tlie   as. weli.-'as. t he tanners with the best '
necessity "i'or greater, population arid   available help," said'Mr. Beatty.
the equal necessity for th'eVinti-o'duc-    -If the doors of immigration are kept
tion 'o'f.new. capital! to, the-. Dominion: open,7 wc,"may 'find'in- Canada a home
; .E..-.R. "PeacQck,'..a"7directqr    of;,: the "for workers; w.hbifdr generations have.
Bank  of England', and-former ;issist:   been,< identified  with-"the-highly -skill-7
;ant' headmaster   of'.Upper". Canada   ed " trades "a ndVcra'I'ls. " Progress, so-'
.College,; and  ,a ..large:" gath'erinif' of  oiten'depends on'inventive genius and
prominent VEngMsiiui't'ir "and- . Cana-  the-.actual  workers. ..The ".more    pf
dtaris. were present.        ���"'���'-.- V".,...  such-irtvenJiyt.. skillV-vve-   obtain ' for
- *;in.;-re'centjyears,'-" said.'Mr. "Beatty;  Canadian industries'the" beilt-V.   'We
"Canada 'has' 'proceed.fcd  in-framing "would be "wise to keep, our- gates "open
policies-- with    tortoise-like slowness," for, brains hs'w<.H'sis. brawn.'
which has. been., iriitatlrig^.-piiriicular-    ;"Yo'u tK-rliaps-have' heard Uiatdur-
ly whpii contrasted with'tlii!* forward  ins _hi'_-|_.st;'your.'there   has-  been   a.
jandprpgressive policies, of, other parts ���fon'sldcr'ahU;- .exodus of Canadians   to
, of "the. Empire. "   Faith- in ourselves   \he I'.nitcd Slates." Vou also-i>erha"tis
1 ; ���- --.----���-.-.���"���.-'������.-   ���   :~   - -...-      -   . - -   ���      -���     -. - -.'
I is. ho wey.er." .returning-, and'ppmy.of-us   have bre'n informed that agriculturists'-
I now fear t.Uaf tlii* 'greatest' mistake of  did - not  prosper th,ori;  to  the. ���'-���xtent-
! si 1X was'that on the delay and loss, of  that .they' ha'd ".expc'cied."'' Bosh state-.'
^opportunity to secure the.highest typ<- mcmVinvblve nothing but!the natural
,,'o'f in") migrant", wliich-. has' ,b<-en    the j inMisoquonci-". of ''cononiie, dislocation,"
��� pchaliy'ipr thaVjhMay; :    -..  ..    7       '��� whirii  is ,ari "intrutable result "of the
V'Fonuniii'eiy.', however, .Point- -"agL'D-;j woi Id   wid" V war,   nnd. why- it should
cies wcr.'.ab.'eVto counteract -ihe'-.pro- ! give  any .Hppi;eh,',n"_.ion to  the pc-oplo
���paganda -of despondency to a .liinit.edU>}'. ?. cpuntiV (irsuHi.infinite resources,
extent,    and    irimiigrants    are   .how. is beyond my- comprehension."      Such-
toming.j'orwaid. -and. many niore- will !.a h.o-.-<;.-_iicni does not riiean lackVof'op-
corlie, forward, in. c-onsvquence of the. p'oruiniiy in. Canada, bill"that the. in'-'.
: optimism and confidence whicli prevails arid ���Also the' remoWng of cer-
tKin Government   restrictions1.-   which
fjatf d   coriinier.cial. "conditions   in -tho '
United ,Rar.cp have lured those, whoso-
positionhas enabled-them' to take a<l-'
have denied up ionow, the.-entry-of! vantage cf th<*- icinjiorarily greatcv op-��-
sonie    of ; the    finest types of-i'iimU- '������ portunitics.'" ;.- ,. . -, ;- ,.-.--'"...
grant.? that Canada could secure."        J  ���."���\\"e'have ,bcen".disappointingly slow-.-'
.Mr,  Beatty  proceeded  to speak'-of   in advertising .our: country's uridpubt-
A SQOB 33TTI25C-.
r���'C'revi-Iand Plain Barter
industrial expansion being as!'���.important as agricultural expansion.     It'was;'
ed 'i��s5ibi!it.ies."-Vcontinued fhe .speak*
er.,    i*We have no; made stf-ps/sufE-
econoniic'aly  unsound  for   Cariada   to j-eienljy..7forward to warrant  those" la
count on recruiting   industrial   labor j England   believing-- in- our confidence
. - �� .-       -j-       -.--.-���,  ' ���.-.-���.-
from the agricultural population. That ��� in-ourselves, and-the,result has bfeffi.
fatal mistake had been siade. by the until jvery .recently, a-yiery "plow nsb-ve-.
Unit pi! States when it diver-fed'peasant ['reentVofsertlcrs arid--limited inier-Etk",'
inunfpraiiqn   from   Poland,   Hungary"; fire trade expansion.'.-W        - .���   . *jsa*rMaMgttr__
jg^��ii'W'f^:x'itty
ffHE   LEDGE,   QBEENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
���w^
THE LEDGE
Is $2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
$2,50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always ia advance.
G. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices  :    7.00
Bstray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificaie of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
[T All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I2^c. ,a line each insertion.
Entrance Exams.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that fhe editor would be pleased
to'have more money.
A narrow mind is one that has
not had wide experience.
You may be sure of one thing���
that you can't be sure of anything.
Really, the reason babies cry is
because everyone says they look
like papa. -~
European diplomats have been
reminded that between idea and
ideal there is a L of a difference.
It is estimated thai there are
enough chances for easy money to
keep our jails occupied until 1967.
The right of free speech is contingent upon your possession of the
decency to keep your mouth shut.
There are 30 pupils writing
their -Entrance examinations at
Greenwood this yeaj. Sixteen
from the outside and 14 local
pupils. Miss E. B. McKinnel is
the teacher in charge of the
pupils. Following is a list of
the candidates:
John Crause, Kerr Creek;
Evelyn O'Donnell, Florence Jupp,
Nellie Johnson, Rock Creek;
James Rock, Viola Kiagsley,
Margaret DuMont, Hubert Du-
Mont, Merle Scriver, Lancelot
Kempston, Bridesville; Winnifred
Whiting, Thomas Walker, Frank
Richter, Kettle Valley; Aretta
Weed, Ingram Mountain; Esther
Noren, Charles Noren, Christian
Valley; Bessie Bidder, Allan
Fraser, Ruby Goodeve, Bennie
Hurst, John Kerr, Mary Kerr,
Doris Kinsman, Mary Klinosky,
George Morrison, Silvia Price,
Jesse Puddy, Cicilia Hallstrom,
Ernest Wyder, John Wyder,
Greenwood.
Ontario Elections
- The result ol the Ontario elections last Monday was a great surprise. The United Farmers, were
6wept out of power and the Conservatives elected with a huge majority. -The following is rthe result;
Conservatives 75
United Farmers 17
Liberals 14
Lrbor 4
Independents 1
Total
Conservative majority
111
39
Reports on
Canada's
Crops
c
**'?-���;    ?_.*��' '.'WW
'�����i.';?   7*/   .-����� ��� ���'*���_>
�� 'v __���
,-a
Jfc��
��j\%(^^>:&$
*' >i\^Hivk��i,^'-'������
7?S^
_��w
"*^.
. y.' ��te.!t. ���
:-j*x. ��� :������. ��� ,'A-;
^Js5?*-^
%^��fe>v\' At frequent intervals throughout
the season-the Bank of7 Montreal
issues reports on the progress of
the crops in Canada. These reports, telegraphed to headquarters
from the Managers of the Bank's
600 Branches, cover every Province and form a reliable index of
crop conditions.
^ The reports are furnished free.
Upon request at any Branch of the
Bank your name will be placed on
our mailing list.
BANK OF MONTREAL
Total Assets in Excess of ��650,000,000.00     ���
DID  YOU  THINK
What the smoke-filled valleys meant to you last
year?
What the timber charred, burned, and blackened
means to YOUR future?
That the wages paid last "year for the tie crop
along the Grand Trunk was approximately
$383,000?
That the forest will remain a source of revenue to
._   you if kept green?
Then lie careful with.fires. Do not destroy your
own livelihood.
PREVENT   FOREST   FIRES
IT   PAYS
SEMI-READY
Tailored Clothes
Men's Suits and Overcoats
For Spring and Summer
Splendid Assortment of New-
Samples Just Arrived
Call and see them
^���at---
TV THOMAS
Tailor and Cleaner
..    Greenwood
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
first-class   laud
second-class to
The Combination Mine
The man -who said ignorance
was bliss never .was caught five
miles, from town with an empty gaa
tank.:.-';:-."-'.v.."7 .;'.���.���-'-;''".'���:"--".. V. '"
'��� [Asl efficient,wife is one who can
get her work done.in .time to take
a'nap -or -have
affcernoori.7
a nice, cry iu  the
., Man 13 an able creature, but he
has made.' 32,047,389 laws and
hasn^t yet improved the Ten Commandments. ��� "   - V ' "' ;" -..".'- -
.Lipsticks and. marcels, powder and
... ' ���" '��� paint. '���-,   V ���[- X ,'y -     -���  .���_
S?ie looks .like a.beauty but maybe
���:.'     ���,'  she aia'b. V -". W7
Surplus Berries to be ; W
-   . Sent "to ;��� Great "Britain
. VVictoria, June 27.TThrough the
efforts o'f'-Hon! E. D. Barrow, minister of Agriculture, surplus' British Columbia  berries   will, find a
: ready market in Great 7Britain,
where jam manufacturers require
large quantities of raw: fruits between June and October* The
TrultLwili be pulped and shipped in*
'sealed tins/ Agent- General Wade
advises provincial growers] to.make
-. a closer study of provineialVnaar-.
kets. - ��� )X [ X-X   X: -.���       '���' ���'''""'. y\
Hon.VJohn   Hart,; minister of
~ finance,  will .visit..Great. Britain;
. shortly, in order to: make, a study
of financial  and. industrial, condi-
. bipne. He. ,.*Btates. - thatV British'
capital is becoming! more and more'
interested. in .investments, in  this
; province' and is hoped of .stirring
.up a wider interest among old
country investors in. industrial
enterprises here. 7 ...
Crop Report
Below will be found a brief
synopsis of telegraphic reports received at the Head Office ofthe
Bank of Montreal from its branches.
The branch managers have complete and intimate knowledge of
each local situation and are in close
touch with crop conditions in all
sections of the district mentioned.
.   GENERAL
From almost every section of the
Prairies the report comes that during the, critical early period of
growth moisture has been, ample
for the grain.V . "Weather conditions
are generally favourable, prospects
are good throughout Manitoba and
Saskatchewan, :Vwhile. in Alberta
they.are more favorable than.they.
have been for many, years. V In
Quebec and the Maritime Provinces
crops are backward, but .now growing rapidly. V In other territory
good growing weather.has made-up
for the backward Spring aiid .Fall
wheat is-already heading .out, a
good average crop being assured;;
.''���':,;:���;-���.��� V-'lfHITISH. COLOMBIA -'.'
V Crops, orchards, and pasturage
are.all in good condition and promising; field crops are making.rapid
growth; .apples setting heavily;
pears Vand cherries .dropping and
will 7be ;,- balo_w_..average...;...\7Early
strawberries are .moving but have
been damaged by rain. Later
varieties in good condition. Range
and pasturage are all above.ayer-
age. Grasshopper menace: erased
by,.rains.  ��� 7-7 -      . VV-' W '������' ���'-   ���"'
When Father. Chases Chickens
7' Attorney^'Generar A; M. Manson
is greatly, disappointed in the action of the Canadian Senate in requiring British Columbia to hold a
. plebiscite on,the. question of provincial control of, liquor, importations/ He and Premier V\Oiiver
maintain that' the people of. this
province decided in favor of gov?
ernment control and that it is unfair to ask that- the ^province be put
to an expense of between 875,000
and ��100,000- However, if a
plebiscite is necessary it/will not
be held until after the nest session
of ilie Legislature, which will ccrn-
iaeace in October and -end before
Christmas., yXyy'' 'xXXxX' 7'
When father chases broody, liens 7.
There is a.dread fuss;   - ."'-"
And mother says the'house is full."
dffifty.kiuds.of dust. W ) XV      -V-V
They're setting round in boxes ���[ ��� y '
Froni the back-door' to, the.fronl;. .
AsuVwhesi 'theyget avyay from,us;;
There is adreadful hunt. -"���'- X .    ��� V
Wc chase thdm.up and.down the'road  ���-.
The'-iieighbors all do stare/     ...     "',"'���."'-'
And when wcVgrab a chicken���- 7-"...
-WhyUie chicken isn't'there! ��� V
Their.cackling niakes an"awful noise,, ;.
I think^niy ��afs will cracky   ��� yy-'
But when,we catch the broody, hen���.
Why,���.we "put hcr-in asack! -  - "    7"
Doris E..Clark.
Rock-Creek, B. jC.,- -     ,"���'���-/"'     '      :
June'a3, 1933.' '   ."��� ',
Rock Creek Hotel
When hungry if you will drop
into the Roek Creek Hotel you.wiU
find ..set -before Vyouj ...without Vany
long .-wait,':.' a ./tempting' array of
.delectable 'things to eat that so
thoroughly satisfies the inner man.
TVpuVwill. also find '.a. full line of
cigars? and tobacco.; and .everything
in the line Vof- eoft drinks. V T.. E.
Haneon,-the, new' manager,; caters
to the best trade and: conducts, bla
business in.a manner .that V iafiures
it. .: He :. specialize jh V- 8anday
chicken'dinners,';VV;;f        '- -'V '-: -,y
The following reference to the
Combination Mine, now operating,
is taken from the Bonndary Creek
Times published in Greenwood on
Sept. 12, 1896, Vol. 1, No. 1, aud
will be of interest to our many
readers:
"Mr. 0. E. Bartholomew, one of
the old-timers in the camp and the
original locator of the Providence,
ia now working on  tho Combination, a claim recently stocked  for
$600,000.    A  hundred  pounds of
rock, sampled from fche"edge of thiB
claim,     was     recently    sent    to
Spokane,  where it went-through
the process known as "bucking it.''
This   is   a     technical   expression
for 7 dividing     several    pounds
of  ' sampled   rock   into   a   small
parcel for assay purposes,,-so as to
ensure the7.proportionai. valuation
remaining  the   .same.     This    is
effected Vby .placing   the7 sample,
after It: has been well shaken up,
on a large open sheet; and shaking
it like sieve; the ore.is then divided
into  four quarters,   one- of these
undergoing the same process and
another division,  and  bo on  until
the 7r,equired amount is obtained,
The result, from the .Combination
assays;,were:.   Lead,   30 3-107per
cent., value1818.12; silver,'512 8/10
oz3., valueVat (58 cents (the price
at that time), 7 8348.70; gold, 320
ozs., value 866,15; total - value-per.
ton, $432.97. 7 This is a very satisr
factory showing,:but Mr/ Bartholomew   eays ; that   owing, to a rich
strike within, the last few days, the
assays   will   probably   run. much
higher. /The strike was.made at a
depth of 35 feet in the" shaft.    Mr.
Bartholomew brought in some of
the rock on Tuesday,  and if there
is  much. of. the  same, kind the
stockholders., will V have .very little
cause to regret their inyestmentB.^
.   Since the above date work haB
been   done  oh \ the  Combination
mine at different times in the shaft
when much richer   ore   was   en-,
countered.     A.   tunnel   was  also
starred to cross-cut and. intersect
the vein at a depth of 75 to 100
feet below the bottom of. the shaft.
Last fall the: Eholt   Mining   Go.
was formed, with C..E.  Bartholomew aa manager. ;_,,Thia. company
has assambled. machinery, consisting of a 8-drill compressor, 75 b.p.
motor; water is Sakeci but of Eholt
creek and run by gravitation to the
compressor; 1000 foot pipe line was
laid  to   the   tunnel. aiid machine
drills installed all of. which, are in,
operation.   Six men are.employed
and the tunnel  ia  going forward
with every prospect of encounter-;
ing the same character of ore that
the shaft has produced.
Tom Mix in a New
Thriller "Just Tony"
Lariat, spurs, chaps and saddle.
They're all coming1 to the Greenwood Theatre on Sa t., June  30th.
And the star that will use them
is Tom Mix, from William Fox's
famous fold. For action, aim and
accuracy "Just Tony," based on
Max Brand's novel, "Alcatraz,"
will surpass much of his past woik,
and that's saying a saddle-bag full.
This new vehicle for the stalwart, stimulating star will prove
entertainment of the highest order.
For many years it has been Mix's
most ardous endeavor to feature
his sprightly steed, "Tony," in a
filmplay, and Mr.. Fox has finally
consented. 80.. Tom . went about
his performance in front. of a
camera with an enthusiasm born
of an inspiration for love of the
animal which haB accompanied him
through much of his life and most
of his hazardous episodes on the
Western plateau.
Aside from its stirring.incidents
and absorbing detail, the story contains an au usual scenic background
that adds charm to the narrative.
...The government has appointed
W. A. McAdam,'". assistant 'deputy
minister of finance, as secretary
and assistant ..to Agent-General F.
C. Wade -in London. A strong
campaign.will be.carriedTon- to interest Britishers in settling in British Columbia and directing/ capital
to" this province. , Mr. Mc Adam'
will tour the province1 before leaving for London, in;' order to familiarize himself with .- conditions
here in every branch of, industry.
CANADIAN
Summer Excursion Fares
To Eastern Destinations
On Sale Daily May 15th to Sept. IS
Return Limit Oct. 31
Winnipeg .'; ..��72.00
Toronto?... ��113.75
Hamilton $113.75
London.. ..'..:...$113.75.-
Quebec........ ......_..$r4_.83
St. John $160.30
St. Paul ,#72.00
Minneapolis  _..,..$172.00
Duluth ,..., $72.00
Fort William ..;.....���..V.J86.30
Niagara-Falls ,;.|i20.62
Ottawa '......-..........^127.95
Montreal^:.7. ](!i32.75
Moncton ..;...��� ......$ 160.30
Halifax-.....;.........���.......|i66.95
Chicago |86.oo .
New York fi47-4��
Boston ........../... $153-50
TAX ADDITIONAL
Many Additional Destinations
Ask for Rates from and to any Point
Route via Port Arthur or via Soo Line, through
Winnipeg or Portal,-thence via Chicago or Sault Ste. Marie
via Great Lakes; or via California at additional fare; or good
to go via one of the above routes, return another.       -
v    ^^ Agt.f
V'Vx Vxx..   -:'^:v.";\Nelson, B.C..--7
.V.Send.Yiar   .-���'���["'
BOOTS and SHOES
:-���-.'-'    ..' '   7 To,"-" 7 ',V  - ""':-\X
QEO. ARMSON, Gran^i Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer.
AU work and material guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way.  JTerms Cash.
Excelsior
The shades of night had fallen fast,
,   Breakfast time had come at last; :
A plate of food before him placed,, -
V He wondered at the funny taste.
X-'.'X-[-. -X.X .'������ Sscelssor.���Selected.���-"-
ASSAYER
E. W. WIDDOWSOW, Assayer aad
Chemist, Bosbi 108, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:^���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
J1.2S each. Gold-Silver $1.75.. Gold?
Silver, with Copper .or tead J3.60. Sil-
ver-Lead $2.06. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
Charges for other metals, etc., on ajs-
plication.,   ���'-���-��� 7
PILES
' ^^o one bot the taSatr Jmowe. the tetrlbls "aaoay
-  or, the liciilng-Dtture or Plies and how Uosel"-!
IS items to tor tat reliel ia otaxmenUt, lalectlsns-
lad <UI*tcr��.' .   -.,-.;.-
, - Geniui producei -
Internal Pile Remedy
P��i !i OM-jwescHpaon cf e. mil Jaiown" ptarsictea-
md luu-sroTtd nucttafal In bantlredi of c��M3.
P��x is fatttrnal ��Jirttoet taan  ��ay. otiicr" tmt-
meal    AspilnUca* irom.ths ouitiSe an fatile.
No olntisenu.  InfcctJoo ��  dilators. aie ne��3-
**ry.    Psx ii ousjtltte Had W *>egeul-U leaedj.
cbnsito co dnvs c? stoAol.
If  ytra hot sot   hitherto tooad  relirf do  net
^spilr,  jiltes ybra fiiiis  in Pis.
Except Jn nmuTsiSr maKxan cues one twz ls
; nsoilly nfflefeat
Get 'TAX" fron JBKr Droerist or ir he ctwoot
������Jliply yra ��Dd One DoHsjf md 'TfAX'* ��iill im
*��nt jon ta * pUSa p��<**s*.
.-"''��� "- CSOWS' CE2JSIO&I, ���
. \ ynsmvern 07 c&baba. ������
..   10JS HmsSxSjm Stt&Uag;
���,'.-���-- VAarooinraat as. c
The Gonsolidatfid Mining v & Smelting Co.
y:Vxxi.V-   MStanadavLimited^V77'wi'j^
���'.-������'   k 7; . Office, Snieltnig and Reliuing.Department.  '     VW".'.
'.  'X'X '"'[' 7  i.'X'X'. y: TRAIIi, BRITISH-7COLUMBIA' i.xyyx'y '.' ")[['
SMELTERS AND REFINERS   7
Purchasers of Gold, Sityefi^^Coppef, Lead and Zinc Ores
7   Producers .of   Gold,   Silver,   Copper;;/ Pig  teaid. and Zinc
"TADANAC" BRAND.    V ''.'-'"-'.
Minimum price of
reduced to $5 an acre;
$2.50 an acre.   ���
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed lands only.
Records will be granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes and which is non-timber
land.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
claims.
Pre-emptors must occupy claims
for five years and must make improvements to value of $10 per acre,
including clearing and cultivation of
at least 5 acres, before receiviug
Crown Grant.
' Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, ana has made proportionate improvements, he may because of ill-health, or other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer bis claim.
Records without permanent residence
may* be issued, provided applicant:
makes improvement to extent of $300
per annum and records same each
year. Failure to make improvements
or record same will operate asV forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained in
less than S years, and improvements of
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleared and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required.
Pre-emptors: holding Crown Grant
may record another, pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, pro-s
vided statutory improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land.
Unsurveyed areas not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas exceeding 640. acres may be
leased by one person or company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber land not exceeding -40   acres-
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of stumpage.
Natural hay meadows inaccessible
by existing roads may be purchased
conditional upon construction of a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.
PRE-EMPTORS' FREEl.GRANTS ACT
The scope of this Act is enlarged to .
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces.   The time
in which the heirs oVdevisees of a de--
ceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is extended, from oue
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the con-'
elusion of the present war.   This privilege is made retroactive.
No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded after June 26, 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
4,1914, on account of payments, fees or
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions.
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held, by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted from enlistment to March 31st, 1920.
SUB-PURCHASERS OF CROWN LAND
Provision made for insurance of
Crown Grants, to sub-purchasers of
Crown Lands, acquiring rights from
purchasers who failed to complete purchase, involving forfeiture, on fulfillment of conditions bf purchase, interest
and,7 taxes.., /Where.. aub-purchasers_db i
not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes may be distributed proportionately over whole
area. Applications must be made by
May -1", .1920.7  .       ;
GRAZING ,
Grazing. Act, 1919, for systematic development of livestock industry, provides -for grazing districts and range
administration 7 .under Commissioner.
Annual grazing, permits issued based
on numbers ranged, priority for estab-.
lished owners. Stock owners may form
Associations for range' management.
Free, or partially .free,-"permits for
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten
head.       _     ���       7   ���'
the Mineral Prbyince^ of V^sterii X^tnada w
��� .;;/ TO END OF DECEMBER, 1922
V    Hasproduced Minerals/valned as follows:   .Placer-Gold, $76,542,203; Lode;  7
7gold, 8109*647,661; Silver, 859,814J266; Lead $51,810,891; Copper, $170,723,242; V
Zinc,  $24,625;S53;  Miscellaneous Minerals, $1,358,839; Coal and Coke,7$238,V.
289;565; Building Stone, Brick, Cement, etc., $36,605,942, making, fte Mineral -.'
Production to lhe end of 1922 show W. W V V   -.,'���.   7 x'y -:X"x 7.
7:7'v;An:: .Aggre^te7yaIuevv:ofv ^?!69,418,4(625.; ^V 7V7::V;-7V:
the Year Ending December, 19221 $35^158,343
The Mining Laws of this Province are^ more liberal, and tha ines IpwW
than those ol any other Province in the Dominion, or any Colony in the British
Empire. ������''  .y '.-���'���  ' ���'.).:-' -.   .77
Mineral locations are granted to discoverers for nominal.fees.
Absolute Titles are  obtained  by developing such properties, the security ..' '
of" which is guaranteed by Crown Grants.
Fall information, together with Mining Reports, and Maps, may be obtained
gratis by addressing���
T8E HON. TBE MIMSTEI* OF MINES
VICTORIA, British Celamfck

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