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The Ledge Dec 21, 1922

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Array /
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Provincial Library
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I
THE.-Qt^ COLUMBIA
Vol.. XXIX.
GREENWOODy B. C;l THURSDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1922.
������;-'���    -."    -/ XX '--..,
XXiyX      1
We carry a large line ot                                        I
'������������    ���'���       X:-iX X-[- X '
-=-���
Hardware,
House FurnishingSrEtt.
���-
XX: '. x XXX ��� '���/' ii"'
Inspect our stock
T. M.
GULLEY & GO.
/
1    PHONE 28.
���                   GREENWOOD. B.C.    1
&I      ���7    '_    / ���-.        __V :",        13
ST
Wishing You
A Merry Xmas
���     Brustles Sprouts Lettuce
Holly Mistletoe Plants
Turkeys Chicken
You can be sure of the best when you eo to ___
LEE & BRYAN     or    Phone 46 ||
^iaiuaauaaa aiiaaiuiaiuiiuuiuiiiiuiaiaiuiiuiuanaif
taken iijia nppnrtunttg trf tuteljtng all ite
rfabrra. a JHmrg Xmaa an& a Srujljter aitJ��
irtfrr Jfom $f*ar.
D. R. MCELMON
Watchmaker, Jeweler aud Optician
GREENWOOD - B.C
FIRE
FIRE
FIRE
Our
XMAS HANDKERCHIEFS
are here and selling   fast
Watch for further "arrivals of
Peels, Nuts, Preserved Ginger'and Candied Fruits
TAYLOR A JENKIN
PHONE 17. GREENWOOD
000<KK><>0<M>o6<K>00<KW>00^
"  WINDSOR HOTEL "
GREENWOOD. B. C.
The WINDSOR' HOTEL is heated with steam
and electricity. Fine sample rooms. - A comiort-
.able home, for tourists and travellers. Touch the
wire If you wane rooms reserved. The buffet is
replete   with   cigars,   cigarettes, cooling beverages,-
buttermilk and ice-cream.   . _
<s - - ' o
<><><><KK>O0OOOOO<><><>O<>O<>O<>OOOOOO��<^^
CHARLES   KING
, Real Estate   (Licensed)
Insurance, Fire, Life, Accident.
Sickness. &c.
Stoves   aud   heated   pipes   cause
" many fires "
A7small premium will protect your
house and furniture
Call at my Office Copper Street
Greenwood Theatre
Gray & Clerf. Props.
a:    INDEPENDENT  MEAT inARKET    I
SATURDAY. DEC. 23rd
'Commencing at 8.15 p.m. '
;  Louis B. Mayer presents
The John M. Stahl Production
"The Child Thou
Gavest Me"
The story of a child who brings sadness
and gladness.to the hearts of three
Four Stars: Lewis Stone, who played the
dual role in "The River's End"; Barbara
Castleton, William Desmond and Little
���Dick Headrick, the Wonder-Child of
"The Woman in His House."
6 reels 6
Around Home I
���'��'   -, *
Harry Royce has returned to
his home here from Hedley.
R. E. Norris, of Kettle Valley,
was a visitor to town ou Tuesday.
Gash paid for bides at Brown's
Midway. / .     W
- '��� -i' ���'
Tom Taylor, of Ashcroft, is
visiting his parents; Mr. and
Mrs. G. B. Taylor.
.Matins/and Holy Communion
in St. Jude's Church on Sunday,
Dec. 24th at 11 o'clock.
Miss Cassie McDonald returned
on Friday from a few days visit
with Mrs. C. Henderson in Trail.
A beautiful assortment of
Christmas Cards and the Latest
Styles of Ladies Ear Rings' at
McElmon's.
Mr. and Mrs. W. R. 'Smith,
(nee Miss Florence Bryan), of
Condon, Ore., are the guests of
Mr. ami Mrs. R. 7L.ee.
Mrs. Cross returned to Trail
on Wednesday after spending a
few days in town, the guest of
her sister, Miss A. Bryan,
Albert .Mills, of Trinstram,"
Alta., who spent a\few days during the past week,- with his sister.
Mrs. W. R. Walkinshaw, left on
Tuesday for Armstrong.
The roarin' game of curling is
I now ia full swing and visitors to
the rink are enthused over the
skips   yelling    "swoop 'er   up,"
WEDDING
One reel Chester Outing
Up in the Air after Alligators
Also one reel Christie Comedy -
"Almost a Bigamist"
On Thursday afternoon Dec.   14
at the home of the bride's mother,
Mrs. Alexander McLeod,  of Kimberley townsite,  a quiet weddiDg
was  consumated between Sutherland Ross Smith, son of Mr,  and
Mrs. G. A. Smith, of Grand Forks,
and     Jemmie    Zorada    McLeod,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A.   McLeod.
"The bride who was given away
by her brother, looked very  sweet
in a beautiful dress of "projwinkle
.blue Canton crepe;    She was assisted by her sister Miss Lillian, and
the groom was supported by  Mr.
Glen Garry McLeod.    Rev.  Evan
Baker, of Kimberley, was the officiating minister. TAmong the guests
were Mrs. E.  McLellan,   Miss E.
McLeod, Miss Elva McLeod, Miss
J. Arbran, Miss   F. Kemp,  Miss
Helen LcCTaire and Mrs. H. Chambers.^ After the wedding, tea ��� was
served in Mrs. McLeod's home.
ADULTS 50c     -     CHILDREN 25c.
DANCE AFTER THE SHOW
1!
I
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i
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*hj   ����*"��* >��uiui\ ,   - Proprietro \\
We carry .only the best stock. procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A trial will convince you
I  JOHN MEYER
THE GIFT OF YOUR VOICE-AND SMILE
The best gift'of all at Christmas time is the gifi of your voice���and
smile.' It's the gift of friendliness and of thoughtfulness for others. It's, a
gift of your happiness to those .wbo~may have less. It's a gift that ["the telephone can'deliver for'you here, there and everywhere, on this best of days.
��� . Why not make the. most of your Christmas day and send your voice and
smiles out over the miles, to your'_friends whp are far away?-
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY.
Consolidated Mining .& Sieltini
of Canada. Limited
' Office, Smelting and Refining Department
TRAII,, BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Co.
Purchasers of Gold, Silver. Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
Prodnfiers of   Gold,   Silver,  Copper.    Pig Les3  and Ziac
"TADANAC" BRAND
r    MATINEE
Christmas Day, Dec. 25th
Commences at 2.30
Open to Everybody
Charles Chaplin
iu
"A DOG'S LIFE"
Also two Educational Reels
Admission:
School  Children
Adults 25c.
Free.
Presbyterian Church
Minister iu charge
Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw. B. A.    ..
Greenwood
Services. Christmas Sunday
Midway. 2.30 p.m.
Greenwood, 7.307p.m.
At the.eveuing Service, the'choir-wil I
render special music and appropriate
hymns will be sung. The minister"will
preach. Subject: The - Babe or the
Beast���Which?      -   '   -
Come aud spkatl Christmas Eve with
us.   A hearty welcome to all.
BaledJHay.For Sale
, If in the market for mixed bay,
I have a quantity to sell. It ia not
No. 1 as it is somewhat bleached
but otherwise alright. Will sell
ton or carload lots.    Apply to
Fritz Hausseneb,
! Box 364 Greenwood, B.O.
Beef, front
quarters 7c.
Beef For Sale
quarters  4c.;
bind
Wastes Clabk,
Midway, B.O.
"hold 'er," "take the broom" and
"just where I wanted it," etc.. -
The joint Xmas tree ofthe
Anglican and Presbyterian Sun-'
day schools will be held on .the
evening of Thursday 28th inst.
The' tree and program will be
held in the Presbyterian Churchy
Mrs. E. Feuwick Wilson who
has been recuperating her. health
at Mrs. W. B. Fleming's returned
to.her-home-inl Rock Creek on
Tuesday. Mrs. Wilson regrets
that there will be no pantomine
this,year by the Rock Creek Dramatic-Society owing to her recent indisposition.
The painters, kalsominers,
plumbers, etc., have completed
the work- iu the public building.
A'U the customs offices and living
quarters have been kalsomined
and painted as well as the stair-
casing -and public hallway.
They will return in the spring to
repair the roof and do certain
outside, work.
The skating rink management
hope that the people of town will
turn out loyally to the Dance on
Friday night,'-Dec. 29th. The
rink management require funds
to successfully carry on the skating and with this object in view
they have decided to put on a
Dance to raise funds. Bush's
orchestra will furnish the music
and a lively time" is anticipated.-
- There is something about
Yuletide which makes all men
benign, and the joyful hypocrisy
of Xmas .Eve sounds quite the
genuine emotion when uttered on
Christmas Day. "Peace on Earth
and good-will etc," becomes a
trifle strained before nightfall.
Many things conduce to this.
The children and , everybody else
are suffering from overfeeding
and with the customary passing
of the flowing bowl, there is a
general and half atiered yearning
among people to go upstairs and
lie down,; and the digestive
organs begin to realise what
sweated labor meass.
���Three-Year Old Star
Only three years old and a
motion picture star!
Doesn't sonnd possible, does it?
And yet that is the case of Richard
Headrick, who appears in "The
Child Thou Gavest Me," the John
M��� Stabl picture - for Associated
First" National Pictures'," .Inc.,
.which will be shown at the Green-
wood Theatre on Saturday, Dec.
23rd. Little "Itchie"���that is
what he calls himself���doesn't care
whether he is a star or not; he gets
a lot of fun out of "playing" in
front qf the camera. . But when
"The Child Thou Gavest Me" was
completed the other players, all of
them famous on the stage and
screen, gave the stellar' honors to
"Itchie" by unanimous consent..
"The Provincial Party"
A Public -Meeting will take place
at the Co- Operative hall RockCreek
at 2 p.m. sharp, Saturday, Dec.
30tb. -To- form-'a-local-branch of
the above party. "Turn Oliver
out and don't, let. Bowser
All are invited lb attend.
Midway News
Douglas and' Winnifred McMynn are home for'Christmas from
Kelowna.
J. R. Jackson left the first of
the week for Vancouver with a
carload qf cattle." _
Charlie fialmon, of Vancouver,
is visiting his parents, Mr. and
Mrs. W. Salmon.
Little Paulina Roberts, who is
at present in Grand Forks Hospital, is slowly recovering.
Carl Thomet from Westminster
and Bobbie Brown from Pullman
are expected'bona at the end of
the week.
Mrs. H. 0. Griffin and daughter,
of Spokane, arrived last week and
will spend the festive season with
her mbther, Mrs. A. C. Mesker.
On Friday 15th a very enjoyable
afternoon was spent at the School
House when Mrs, Macklin the
schoolmistress gave her pupils a
chance to show their parents their
spelling abilities. A spelling contest was arranged and the pnpils
did remarkably well. Each child
was allowed two chances. Alice
McMynn 1st and Ruth Carr 2nd
were the winners in the seniors;
Johnny McMynn 1st and Edward
Johnstone 2nd were the junior
winners. All cannot be prize
winners, but it is fair to say that
all the children were spellers of no
small merit.
There was a splendid exhibition
of work viz:. Writing," map-drawing, painting, modelling, etc.
Mrs. R. D. Kerr and J. R.
Jackson acted as jndges.
After congratulating the prize
winners, Mr. Jackson'in his speech
on behalf of the trustees, made the
intimation that he had decided
to give a medal eacn year to the
scholar who was"proficient in three
subjects namely: Reading, writing
and arithmetic. This announcement was greeted with applause.
A dainty afternoon tea was
served to the parents and friends.
The children also partook of the
refreshments.   *
_ Great credit is due to Mrs.
Macklin for the delightful afternoon, as it was the first of its kind
held in' Midway School.
Kettle Valley Notes'
-������ Mrs. E. F. Wilson has returned from Greenwood, where she
has been under the doctor's care
and is much better. She is the
guest of Comdr. and Mrs.   Lewis.
Thejugram  Mountain School
are  having  their annual  Xmas-
Tree on  Friday  the   22nd.      A
good program  and refreshments
will be served.
Owing to the intense cold last
week, the card party in the
School last Saturday uight was
postponed. The trustees ajre giving a New Year Dance in Riverside Hall, Rock Creek on Friday,
Dec. 29th at 8.30 p.m.. This
should be a good dance with
good .music. Proceeds to help
pay of school debt
A large crowd turned out to
the Kettle  Valley  Xmas   Tree
which  was a  great  success, the
programme   being exceptionally
good.    The 10 little nigger boys
was the  best item  on  the program.  - Little   Francis  Glossop'
with his little nigger bride (Ruth
Whiting) brought forth roars of
laughter.   The bed time drill and
song was also very  pretty.    The
little tots in  their^sleeping suits,
each with a'doll and  teddy bear,
made   a   very   pretty   spectacle.
This was encored.   A hearty vote
of thanks with three cheers was
given to Major Gray for managing the Xmas Tree,   buying all
the presents which, is no  easy
matter,   for nearly   50 children;
also to Miss Debney for the very
excellent   programme.      Games
ano>dances were indulged in till
close on midnight,   when a very'
enjoyable evening   came _to   an
end.
Notice
Dr. O. M. Graves, Dentist, will
be in Perry, Wash., Dec. 30th to
Jan. 8th. I make good come and
see me.
in
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k Family of Seventeen
- Born���Ou Tuesday, Dec, 12, to
Mr. and Mrs. H. W. Silvester,
twin daughters. ��� Mr. and ' Mrs.
Silvester are the proud parents of
seventeen children, four sons and
thirteen daughters, all living at
home.���Cawston correipondent in
Princeton Star.
Christmas, although the most
loveable of all the festivals of
the-year, is also the saddest, and
the most lonely, alas! There are
so many "gaps"~so many empty
plBces in the heart which the
passing of years will never, never
be able to fill. Only grown up
people have forgotten how to forget, that is why "Mbther weeps���
it is her privilege. And, truth
to tell, so many ,people would
like to weep too, only they
dare not. So they throw themselves into the feverish jollity
which Christmas seemed to demand for the sake of.the little
ones, and for the- sake of the
young people, who, because they
were so young, will never realize
thc aftermath of loneliness which
today elder people know means
the "results of war!" So they
say to themselves, "Let us eat
aad drink and appear merry because tomorrow, who knows?���
peradventure, we may all meet
again I"
The'' Ledge has always   room
for one more ad.
RtTSCH���JOHNS ^    ,
Mr. .-Arthur Allan Rusch, of
Rock' Creek,'"and Miss-Bessie Lillian, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Wm. Johns, , of Kettle Valley,
were married on Friday ISth inst.
The ceremony took place in
Greenwood, on Kimberley Avenue
Rev. W. R, Walkinshaw officiating. Mr. and Mrs. A. Sater
were the witnesses. Mr. and Mrs.
Rusch will make their home at
Rock Creek and we wish them a
long and prosperous wedded life.
Bush's orchestra will supply
the music at the Skating Rink
Dance in the Masonic Hall,
Greenwood, on Friday, Dec. 29th.
If the roads and weather are good
a large crowd from the country
wilLprobably beinattendance^-
Select Your Presents Early
Kodaks and Accessories
Stationery
Finest line of Papeterie* ever brought into Greenwood
Jewelery
Wrist Watches, LavalKers, Rings, Silverware, Beads,
Fountain Pens.   Everything in this Line
Hand Painted China
in Set and Styles.    Complete Assortment
Box and Bulk.   See Neilson's line of Xmas packages
Hanging from $1 to $6
Toys For The Children
Beautiful line of Christmas Cards.   All
prices
Everything in Seasonable Gifts
 -AT	
Goodeve's Drug Store TIIE     LEDGE.     GREENWOOD.     B.     C.
Is  the  Climate Changing?
iiiiinM
Highway Across
The Rockies
Magnificent   Mountain   Region   Opened
Up By Final Link in International
Motor  Road
Kngineers of lhc Canadian National
Parks Branch announce thai ihe 'Ver
lniiion-Winileruici't; secdnn of the new
motor highway across the J{ocki>-.~-
lrom Calgary is now nearing comple-
tion. This road forms ihe last link
in the through highway from Calgary
10 California, tho opening; of which is
being eagerly awaited by motorists iu
both Canada and the l.nited Suites.
.As soon as it is opt'ii a circle tour ol
<!,000 niilori, which will undoubtedly he
one of the most, spectacular motor
routes on the continent, touching
three national parks in Canada and
seven in the, l/niunl Stales, will hc
made possible.
The construction of this road
through nearly one hundred miles of
virgin country in the heart of die. Canadian Bockies Is an engineering feat
of great, moment. From the iloor to
the Columbia valley the road ascends
3,705 feet to tlie summit of Sinclair
pass (altitude, I.6G0 feel) from which
point, it drops down to the Kootenay
Jtiver 1,200 feet below. The second
rise is to the Vermilion pass and in
leaching this altitude of 5,000 feel, an
ascent of approximately 71.100 feet is
made in the last four miles. The descent to the Bow valley is made by a
series of loops or "switchbacks."
The size of the task placed before
the engineers when this work was undertaken in 19.19 can belter be judged
when it is known that forty miles ot
the road htid lo be cut through virgin
timber, that eight truss,' twostrestle
and four single-span bridges had lo be
constructed, the roadway carved
through the huge walls of Sinclair
canyon, and many other obstacles
overcome.
"When lhe Parks Brandt took over
the construction of "the road in* 1919
about 12.'miles had been built by the
British Columbia Government from
lhe Columbia.yalley.. . Parts of this,
sceiiou "were- widened and. gone -ovei
to bring it tip. to "the. standard' set for
- lhe: entire, stretch of. 93 mile's. "'.Froni
���'.. ''I10 Columbia valley' the', road' coniin-
: ;no"s. iip-.to  the.Sinclair pass  through
-IhV."ii'hpressive; Sinclair' canyon"-will!
'���dis-;-lowering' perpendicular/ walla    of1
- red-hematite, and then drops down, to
the Kootenay Kivoi\/ ";lt;,follows the
- =Ko"olenay."for about " eighteen ~ 'miles,,
'"lhe dat. bench making "construction".
."-easier'.'-. _.' it .crosses-���--(he Kootenay"��� n't"
. yhfif. is known'/as/Kbbtenay. Crossing.
" aiid four- miles farther, on",-it reaches
the Vermilion arid runs "'parallel/to it
. pa.st the motulrof.. the'Simp.son.-.eross--
��� : ing Vt'lie .-.Vermilion .about, fourteen.
"' miles." from Kootenay--Crossing; .- -It.
���-.ibe'iv- continues/ up- the opposite bank/
;".oi'. lhe   "Vermilion...to'-Marble   canyon
- ..ind'-ihe-.'Vennilioh":.-pass,' the -highest'
- altitude--reached in the "whole road.-.
.-I'rom 'tliere' it .drops dawn to Castle
��� Mountain, crosses the. Bow'Kiver and.
lumY along its-farther bank to .Banff-.
.   . The .hew* road opens' nil a. hitherto
'': unknown-sections of the Rockies rich'
-��� in. both scenery and big game.'-    The
���riiloiorist -will "wind"-in .~and~ouf." among"
i he snovY-peiiks.'dirough long..aveiiues
oi" virgin/ih-.s,' or'alongVthe'. *dge. ;'ol"
��� precipices, tlint.'���(!rob sheer-"down-"for
hundreds  .of-.- feet!;; :.V\"ild -gaine..= is.
-abundant "arid . ivory.7'"tame, owing . t'o-
. -.the rigid gati!.e7lir'o,!dclif>n.;so-that/las'
.-die tourist, passes'; a long through tiii.s'
7-.-inagnifl��e.nt-'.sc'eivery - ,he:' will ���-.often.
���' have "the.-.added interest .arid pleasure
of seeing slieep,-door, go at re IX; and
moose feeding oi; die. adjoining'slopes,
.and "even anb'ecasioiial -'-'bean sli-.imb-
���ling hi. and ' out;-ainong..'the-t inekei:;.-
anil boulders.   ���.'-"-;,-7-:. ��� '-'- V" 7 "7   '-
Observer States That There Is
Nothing to Show That Climate
Is Becoming Milder
Certain questions keep cropping up
and never are answered, at least never to lhe satisfaction of every questioner. Is the climate changing? is
possibly as often repeated as most.
L'nforiunai.ely, human life is far too
short for any individual to answer
this convincingly out. of his own experience, and weather reports of
scientific; value do not ;us yet extend
hack far enough to prove any change.
Most old people think Ihe winters are
not as sevensas they used once to be,
and as this conviction seems to have
been shared by the aged, generation
after generation, some will consider
this must be the case. Vet, there tire
no positive grounds for yielding credence to the claim. There have been
cold winters in the past, and there
havc been cool summers; there are
records of desperately hard winters
and   summers   when,   die   crops
Concerning Graceful Deer and Awkward Moose.*
KRY often one hears the expression "Reindeer Age*' used for the old,
onee-upon-a-tinie Stone Age. Do you know why? Because in the
long ago Deer lived on the British Isles, while now they are only
found far north in Lapland���the frozen country of snow, ice and silence. The Beindeer feeds on a certain moss that lies hidden under
the snow and he uses his anilcrs to dig for it, not only for himself but for his
herd or family of does (as Mrs. Deer is called), for they have no horns.
Kach buck (as Mr. Deer is called) is head of a large family of does. He
fights for them, keeps his nose and eyes well open for enemies from which
he protects ihem.
In abont, February or March bucks lose their horns, and as these .are iheir
only  weapons  ihey hide, in dense  forests until their new ones  shall have
grown again.     When the new horns first appear they are covered in soft velvet and are very tender.     This velvet is rubbed off alter a short while by
trees and underbrush, and when die herns are full grtftvn Mr. Deer finds himself wil Ii an extra prong.     In this way one can always tell the age of a Deer.
A fust cousin of die Deer is our American-Moose, who is thc largest of all
the Deer family.     De is sometimes called an Klk.     The name Moose comes
from die Indian word "musu," which means wood eater.     Be is called this because he not only trims trees of their leaves, leaving.the. lower branches that
are within his-reach quite bare, but he eats any tender wood that he may find.
Moose live on leaves and young wood  for tho very simple reason that
were i!l,ey win not reach grass because their front legs tire so long and their necks
,.,.,,,   , .     ..     .. ,. iso awfully short that, they can't get their heads down to the ground.     They
.- -moiled b> die herce rays ol a sun \ _,....].>. tT01) K1,lSR_ hcnV(,v01.. when lllev flnd any they can reach, for instance
lhat rose in a brazen sky day after, on the edge of a bank, but often they can find nothing but metes and have to
d:\y and, week after week, undl there j Hvc on that for months tit a time, like their Deer relative-..
Mrs. Moose, is called a cow", and there are always many cows in each fam-
Oi'ten  when  winter comes and there  is a heavy fall of snow a bull
Moose will lead all his cows to some spot,
thai lie has already chosen on account of
the tree food there. He and the cows
then begin to tread and push the snow^;
niit.il ihey have cleverly massed ii into ti
high wall around their Irees.     This wall
was no green tiling in all the land;
but, so far as the written records
prove anything, they prove that these
were merely abnormal years and ought
to be taken as evidences of a secular
change, in climate.
Some years ago I was permitted io
see certain old diaries dating back to
tho French occupation. These told
of a winter when the habitants, suffered greatly because of its extreme
mildness and thc absence of sleighing aud the usual ice .bridge across
the St. Lawrence at Montreal. They
also recorded a summer when the
skies wept copiously and continuous-
���ly, when the sun failed to shine and
the crops failed to ripen. On lhe
whole, however, the winters seem to
have been about as Ihey are today,
and the summers neither warmer nor
colder.
Possibly the reason old people believe the climate is growing milder is
that there is better housing accommodation than was the case when
ihey were young; better heating, better food, or at least a great variety of
food, and in some cases better clothing. Tlie- style of one's habitation
makes a tremendous difference in the
resulting estimate'oi' the. severity of a
winter. Try, as 1 have, Jiving in -a
wretched cabin, where lhe glass sometimes showed 20 below zero as-one\
scrambled from the blankets and lit
the shavings with lingers that were
rapidly losing all power of sensation,
and you would lie very apt to think
ishat. the era of mild winters was,as
yet below the. horizon.--..; Jn :ii". nice,
steamilieatcd dwelling,,; with'."rooms
rarely-below". 60 degrees',' .arid'plenty ol
��� hot" water-and '"electric light, the1 win-"
tci will,'! dotibi jess,', seem ''rpiHe -an.'hi'
significant-affair, -'     -   - - ���'".'.-
-.If. any change" or-climate Vs" taking'
place, -. as'!- .it. most' -_probably-ji.," the
change is so'" slight- that a thousand
years might: be all too'sho'riVio-make
sure ...of. it.'-'----Nearly, two tlmuVand
-years-'ago (he. Romans-.grew:. grapes
along tW'South' Downs��� the terraces,
they -built may- be traced - even .."yei;
M-hile;- today, grapes, only -.ripen :-'undcr.
'glass in. anv' part' of Eugluii^.'J-'be-'
Heyis: '. /This/would :terid -tb'show tliat-
die ..British." Isles are, certainly cooling
off. (except/about, ejection lime)I"- OiT
this- continent 'it is-said" by.Hhose who
have penetrated; to l .he" Barren La'ri'ds,-
t.hat" -the" iree/lirie' is .being forced,
gradually "further 7and .further from
die po")e.:.; --Today there'stand - in the"
"Lah.d. of: the", _ Little - Stick's.'- dead-
spruces, evidence!- that, some." cause.,
ihpugh.it is not. quite' certain what
that- cause.was; rendered life struggle'
loo-iliflicult- for-iliem;'"but:.'-that'' any'
change lias taken" place in; iho-'spun oi
a single" life, seems rather'. Vinlik'eiy.-
^'atur'e'does riot-act iri'siich- inanner."
Sh<_"has unlimited .time ai'dier 'disposal/and-scorns'to hurry;'.". iVssi.hiy, in
ii. thousand, years the" climate1 of the-
'north .ten. perat'e, zone' may.be lower "on
an ayo'rage'-by a?-.'i rifling ariiou'ni ;'-'inor��
probably',' ten 'thousand.- '.rears - hen.ee
iiy.
gives them protection not only I'rom their
enemies but from ihe cold winter winds.
11, la a very good.Jdea, for they live comfortably sheltered with plenty of food at
hand. The Anders of the bull-Moose
are his crown of beauty, in facial hey arc
the only good looking thing he has, and
thcy are differently formed from those of
other Deer, being palm shapeVl, and their
weight is colossal���often as much as seventy-five pounds. A baby Moose doesn't
begin lo grow horns until it; is at least
nine months old, and these continue to
grow for about thirteen years. Thejj
aro always at their best in the month of
November.
The Moose is well protected from the
cold by very thick, short hair near the hide. This short hair is in turn protected by long thinner hair from rain and snow.
While Deer are found .very far North, Moose never wander up beyond the
line of trees.and live in more southerly country than the lteindeer.or Caribou.
Copyright. .1922.
Color Blind
Sidelights On Bonar Law
First
of
To Soma People ths Brightest Flower j First     Canadian     Born   ���Premier
Bed  Is As Drab As a Photograph     j Britain Has Lots of Nerve
When a man'becomes so angry that! Andrew Bonar Law. the i"rst Cana-
he loses, his self-control and rushes! dian born Premier of Britain, has
wildly about with murder in his $j;e ! peculiar''mannerisms when speaking
we say he is "seeing r$l." ' As a mat- j ^ public which give die impression
fer oM'aetVinany of the gendest and-phnt he -is a very nervous individual,
kindest of people actually see red for: Ue grips lhe lapels of his coatVthen
the whole of their lives. The eye is -drops his hands to his vest and
a very dulicnie organ, and the slight- j iducks at it as if not satisfied that, it
est derangement may throw its whole I is fining properly. In a little while
mechanism out of gear. Cases of col- j n�� is back at the coat lapels again, but
ored vision are not uncommon. Tliere j doesn't kcephis hands there for long.
iif-e peoplewiio alwaysWi ��� as :._t hough I - So_'he goes, on ^throughout.: his ad-
lhey.'.Vi'erc' looking, through' red;, green,
or .-even, purple'glass.-." _��� others- eniihoi
'sec'.''colors- -a't-'all.-. Tl.'o-." -iliem1 ' lhe
brightes't-llowe'r bed' iH/as'/drab--as a;
.photograph. . -Most ' people'; lia ye'..one
eye iha::sees colors, .jnore' briglir.lv-
Ihan. the.o!.Jier. -- Tr-y--ihe.,:exj>?ri-mhni
of looking ai'-a''.stained, glass window'
or a.brightly painted picture with first
one eye and .then' the oilier. Vou
will- probably ".Jiiid. there is a.distinct
differencb.in lhc impression' conveyed.
Both' eyes-see' the colors, but to. one
they, tiro a'.good' deal, less vivid, and
less contrasting. thaii-V).,.he; other.' 7
TOBACCO
Saw  Queen Victoria Crowned
'PhotographV Northern! Lights
1 here- .may be "a; marked difference- and i' ;1;. whiie
Plan  to Taks'Moving  Pictures "qf-.the
Aurora  Borealis7 .,-
Captain "Koala- Amundsen', incident'
to his voyage Of discovery iij, the Arc-,
sic, plans -,1,0 'make- movie, pictures'of.
lhe .aurora h.or,oalis--ihat. /wonderful
phenomejion\ now judged io be- el.ee-;
tricid in- iis. nature.'which' manifests
itself in..the.-form-.'o.f:.lighVsireiiliters
ihat ascend into .ih'e'/sjiy all- around
the Arctic Circle. :*' '/.. ������ .' 7,-
- Occasionally we get'.a'good glimpse
of: il,1 and. -it. seems to us-/-as if tlie
Streamers.., sprang'-'from" ;.tiie surface'
���IcVoL.of.-die.eartii.- ��� Bull-they ;donot.
They -siart irdm fon'y'-to'.'filTy-or.niore
'miles .iip.   -    -    ./. '. -/-/"  .7  ; ���,-   ;;. _   '
The 'aurora, varies iti -s'izo'ahtPiiitenr
sity with life.sun's'activity.     Once in
'.when 'if-"reaches a .maximum,
Trees in   Canada.     -   . -
In Canada Micro"-, .'0-e''iiiipi-'o...iiii;j'&rj'!
- .,"ii_l different >���_��<?��-_>,<_  ami  vririeih:--  (.'''
���-plains    reaching    tree.    size.        wiily
.thirty-one', of iltese are (���D.idf-rotis-, but
Mite  wood  of these   makes  up  '���>">  per
"t-��--iit":'of t'his.country's lof-st prod.ic? -,
arid- die .frees' the,m.'-.fh'<-->'   <;{.y_._- f-. ���- n
a-'.large'r. 'in-opoit-ioii -of Ttlif-   jiiiit-ptiVil
forvsr area. .....'"--
its streamers.nitty .be seen stretching
clear/across the""nighf....sl;y,/an<I .tliere
is/so much.electi'jc'ity,let loose that tiilj
our   . telegrajth -/insiruinents -. go
si'rilv*?.   -'-..  -'    " - ;- -';"'.   ' -���' ".-
on
no. doubt in 'a.hundred .-MiouH'and .years
or.so she climate'.'.will h;- different from'
.'d.ie-'.iliJTiate-we/knbw.'', ,'7 ������7/,;7. "/. ".;
������"One""', :maple7'and o!/Janders- hlooni-
-ed iri-fireenljiifd';  -o"nv:e,'   a/.hetivy   it;'e
X')'-y, eoVf-irod ifiuch of die; Dominion
'a-rni jiiojr-f-ted it.s,e.lf far 'i'nto'.'.h.e'-.coiin;-
it'i  Iving" bejvurti. ;oui: ' bor.der. ;whi!e.
g-'ologi.itH   suspecr,' ih'a.t ;7s,uc|i.'gl;iciai
j>fTloi\>. Lave. app<v.rj-red more than'oi.ice
in f-.-ii-ri:':: ;<>...;.-. Jiir+torj; bin sm:ii :��f,i��c-
iiiiii ions .-ire ::;'.-re!y of aeade'mic inter-
���:-.*:   :-o  .'ar _::-:  man js concerned our,
'U.MV.-X- l.nve  jirobably   changed . bit'. I
iit'le-.-Incf-'dir- d.-ivv-n of hi.storv. L .   .     ,���   ,       -_.      ... .��     -,,
... ,-     ��� , , ��� in tlie hlming of a number of Tiorth-
ii-Uf:,-odidi-'changes-than, those dti-?. ���   . ,   ,      ,    .       .,   .7     ���.  ��� ; ". ,
.,.-.���.     , ,   ��� .  ern .juetures  during  die coming win
ro   cliiriii-K-- have  been  brought  abo'ui L' "     ���     -     ���- *
lei
dress. '.. .. . -, - ,
'/-But.' lie 5s'n cool customer just the
same/ . .During'"die .peace1 conference
tit"' Ban's aiid -Versailles, he-niade' several, ..journeys '-between1 London .and
Brance1. and return- by" aeroplane,'not
'bceause: lie. jireferr'ed .tliat- style, of
trav.eliing,.-but because :it" gave him
more ; tinie- 10 attend to-his duties'as
���a responsible /member of. ihe IJoj^l
George Government!, oil these journeys-"lie- managed lo; read, imich correspondence and occasionally "dictate
letters and"memoranda-to one ..of his1
secre1ar.es., ' -jlesjiile ' the'"r6ar" "of die'
,��iii-j)lane"'in'ot'ors.-.   - '-. " ������= XX ��� ���
���;".lt;js said that "on one.of, "these trips
the airplane/s engine 7w'iis not' working; /saiisfa'ctpiily.. .while., die." cross-
chtinnel ilight was in' progress., '��� Tlie
se'creia'ry 'accompanying Bonar/ LaW
���was" so, nervous /that -he. C.piihi. think
of nothing. but- the - probable coldness
of-theVseaV:'nc? 'he..chances of/rescue
therefrom1 should tiie, acrophme/drop'
ihtoit... The/motor7 was,- makhig. ;a
��� fright ful'rpar/but Bonar Law went-tin
.opening' ami.-reading���.letters as ..calmV
-)y as;-'if-;/seated ia his'-London ..oflice.
As lhe plane lpade-'an unusually wild
ij)3iinge���r,ona'r:Law, with, his "mouth al-
.iri'osi.. resting' on; ,J!ils. - secretary's -eai-,1
said.'.-sl.ow.ry." and .-��� distinctly:"."If we
drop:' into- the channel-do.-jour best to
keeji. the- membraniluni'.nvarked X dry.
Better put .'them ��� in Uia^oilsltin ��� bag
nowy "some., 01'.��� 6ur a 1 est rbyers,- ni igJi t'
pickthenr-.up.'-'1:'-.    ��� ������"��� "���' 7.7-7
--".Fbr.iunatcly,- "fur ,   (he    -secreliiry's
nerves ' and    Bonar -Law's-   political'
105th Annual Meeting
Of Bank Of Mon
Sir Vincent Meredith, President, Takes View That on the Who:;.
Trade Conditions More Satisfactory than a Year Ago.
for .Bringing   Down   Cost   of
Features of Annual Statement.
Living   in   Canada���Rev.V.v..;
A Link With the Past Is Severed With
Death    of    Lady    Crease    at
Victoria,-D.C.
. Lady" Crease, widow of Hie late Sir
Henry  Crease,  of thc British  Colum-.   .
'bia Supreme Court Bench died recent  Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor, General Manager, Shows Nece:_v,iv,
ly at. her. home in' Victoria, B.C.   -.She '"" *" " ' "       -    ���    -       -      -
.was .96 years .old. T --...*
! ^Interesting, -associations . with Bick:
ens, -������ -Thackeray . .���imL-olliei;" brilliant
writers of, the /early;' .Victorian .era"
;i.'.ave. been S(!yered...w;ith--lier death.
,ller:. ehililhood 'liorae-iif ...Acton ..Green.
Bngjand,- was -tlie"-^-rendezvous ' "of
maiiy-grejitmeii of the day;, her father,
the fate' .toliii-. Lindley, -/entertained
Charles -Dickens, Thackeray, -and..-a.
host-of iheir contemporaries ia letters,
science and itrts".' :. When a child, she
attended', as a, guest, in Westminster
Abbey, sit- (he. coronation pf Queen 'Vic-1
.toria, and she lias/lived ih the'reign
..of. five sovereigns, 7lleorge IV., -William
VI., Queen-.Victoriii.,- Krlward VIL and.
deorge "V. ��� '.-, 7. ... -7 ' ! ��� 7.
The, late/Lad.v>_Crcas'e',-jexliibil.ed--'a-
series-of hov.ow.n. wa.t.er color paintings;, depicting theV-early. d.aysVof
British Columbia.- in.", the great .exhibition held at.Crystal Palace in 1S.C2.
SJie iii;\i:ried the", late S^ilIerd-y'Creasoi-
iii .JSGS'nnd. canie'tq -British' Cbiunibiii
in ISO-.-.-. 'Two daughters,' iwci'son's,
seven grahdehiidren" and 32 great,
grandchildren survive.'    ',.'.. i'-'.
CANADIAN PACIFie     7
EXCURSIONS TO       :
^    EASTERN CANADA
. - The annual meeting of "th"e' Bank of
Montreal was marked by. especially tn-.
teresting addresses by both -Sir Vincent Meredith,'Bart., the President,
and Sir'Frederick Williams-Taylor, the.
Xiftnera'l-.Manager..'"-' . . -., - .':--;'
Sir Vincent.'ih his address referred
particularly.; to., the /conditions ' that
prevailed- throughout..the world.. - Jn
dealing with conditions'in Canada, thc
President made, special .reference.-to
���the-proposed revision/^ the Bank Act,
'and to the.absorption; of \ :'the ^Mer:
chants'.Banks.. -. - Before.-beginning his.
"annual atldre.ss,".Sir-Vincent also took-"
"occasion to, pay. special tribute to "the
;memory'bf .the late B.' B. Angus;-who
liad served for over' 30 ��� years. - as.-, si
director-of the Bank'-and who also for
some years' had acted (is General Man-'
sig_er'...--\ ''"���-..-...;:'���.���,    .:'���'���'���:!���''���:. .-
. Sir Vincent,'discussing.,'sonie of-the
.developments-of i'he-year, said:   .'---'.
-//The banking year just', closed1 lias
.required constant' vigilance and-"-I am
glad to be-.in a ."position"^to'. inform" you-
.that,.while bur profits on the.basis of
^capital - employed:-.--ha've-not- beeii-a's
.large/as. those of tlie immediately pre-/
ceding ;years; "as .was- to..be.: expected
with v lessened; ��� activity in business,
generally, coupled'-with increased taxa-'
lion, we have been:fortunate in escap.-
jdirectors,    subsequently ~~ratiiied    by-
you,   averted   a  situation   that - m;.-:;.���:.-
otherwise have proved, serious to  . ���.-���
country-, at -large, " and   secured . i ������"������
shareholders of lhat 'institution   :'r....i-
losses greater than were suffered, -"',- .
"General Manager's Address
Dealing-with the Canadlaneconomir
position Sir Frederick said.:.���' 7V7
'' -"Canada's- economic.'position, is rc-i..
satisfactory." llov. could,-It -be. sat;.-;,:���
factory,  -v/iii.    the :'whole-' fln"a;iii.:i"
-.world 7out of joint? -As everyone" i;-
aware,'-; our.':- troubles are .partly; tl"'-
trouble of.this .'"-universal". -��� condif.io.;:-,
partly- the- result of".the" v,-ar.-.:'It -.s
wftll, lioweve'r, to bear in-mindthaf
our problems are largely of ou'r'owj
creation.-" '   " 7 v"- _"'"'"-. -   - .      "  .-    -
���'.'Readjus'tnieht. will ..come in'.-tim-v"
for this 'is; r. country7of yiri-ity- and'
manifold" resources; -yet-��� one thing.;
stands" out signally, iri my opinion,
namely, .that /Canada" cannot go '."ahead
again ; as' .she   should .while.taxation
.'and tlie cost of:living are. "higher-.ia
this. counirjV than-  they-.' arc in.-the.
-ynifed-SLttes-of iAinericaTr./y.~-~  ~
/ "Canada is one,of the' best 'countries
to'Hve in,-to. work in,1 to play "in-.���in
point  of- stability, - security "and.'co'ai-
;fort;it.: is an-'earthly paradise.as 'coin-
pared; ��� with' - Europe���but - we- 'must".
remain .unimpaired.
-.  "S'ince 7 your;- last- annual- meeting,
ihe.-: Merchants-  Bank"   has been absorbed'by. the Bank of "Montreal. 7 To
--,-. -   _: r-��� :    -.-      7",       ,/the,":Incidents, connected -with' -this
Tlie  Canadian Pacific "Railway- aro/ transaction'it!. iff7n<5t7->fte'ec"ssary". fo
^^ffering  a real, travel  inducement1 in
their-' ���ro'uhdilri_) .excu'r'sioii --fares.-" to
Eastern.Canada,-.which-will'bc on siilo
ing serious fosses, and the liquid posi-{.not. stand, still, ami. ih'order  io  pr;>-
i ion'and-great strength of .the Bank ,"g'ress the eostiOf. Mving and taxation '
future, the inoto'r trouble was-adjust-
.ed -iirid ;,r lie- j(m.;ney was-entied- safely. |.]^cembeV-is Vand d^WuVJknu'afy
'.-.  ���-    " '  1-5;" 3923.
Motion . Pictures At:;.BanflF
Huskies  Brought  From .Far eJorth'lo
: ' B-s;Used By-.Fi.lrfi.Company--
- Forty .'"huskies" passed -through led"
ljionton- recently on' their .way -to Banff l "'      ,
���'---���-.     -   , *-���    ���.    -. I round
where, they willbeused by an'American motion picture producing company
Prepares Tor Flight
[.X-XXXX : W Around  the -World
.:   These" fares will apply, from all.stations  in   Manitoba     (Winnipeg    and
I West), -Saskatchewan nnd Alberta to
.Famous. British Aviator Will Attempt   aIi Eastern Canadian .points, and bear.
a final return.' limit of three month...
s will.be first-eiass-and "good in.
Cruise -Next Spring
i,y i.k- active greed, o.f mankind".
(      The dogs were purchased in the
��.    ,. .... 1C j far north during tliesummer at a cosi
.NortiK-rn African <-oasi was we 1 wViiui- -.-.,.-\ --   X  -<-.. r      i ,,     -
, ..   ,     , ... - I ol   ?.��.(mj0.      Banfi  lias become  blase
ed in the .days 01. Rome and Carthago- I        ....    '    -,     .  ���--,'    ,   ;.      -. ,:
.,,,,-,-* '     ^-'; over being made tne locale lor motion
1 lie Holy Band mav, at one lime, Jiavc.   .
, pictures.
bcen-b-sH of ;i sund>aked wasie than if.
BEAUTY OF THE SKIN
iy tiie-oatnral- ar%irf of f-vpry womau,
ftii*i is obtaiiiflMt. t>y t!,'e.iib*-- oi l.r.
Cliase1:; Oinliuent. Pi Jjiprp1!, l<!:ic!,}jr.aii.,
ro:isiin>-Fs and rr.-lnrfcM of \\:o sliit!,
irrit.ition and- (c-j-tr.-A ilisspr'fr'. B.n��l
lb*' skin ii-lefs vnli: ^nscolh *n.<i. vpIt*ty..
All aval*:r��, or Kdlija'npon, I?��t*?s -A- Co..
.I'.iiijiifW. Toronto.-- jMiup.'e JTreeif you-
iiit-ntioa 'Lis parwr.
today is, ,-ind to some' degree the lessor preeiiiitation .Ihus brought, about
hfrs- ihihii*ncc-d climate; to that extent
we may iigree dial the climate is
changing, but this is hardly what 1 he-
old men mean: when they say that the
wea.fi.er now is not as cold as when
IliV-y were -boys.^-C. a-. B. in Manitoba
Ki-r-o Bre. .-. -
.Sir. Keith Smith, famous British avia-vW \' '  _ *     , ..   ,      , - -     .    .   ,--   _     .. .--.-.- -   --���
.... ,. .... rt.._ t. ., "..: -...__,.... i.slandaru or tourist-Bleeping cars on 1 regiment of. winch; he? Is -Cdloncl-in.
.  ���        .New Handle Bar   7
An .inventor has patented a-handle
bar for bicycles that can -be readily.
turned,to one side.to save room when
a bit.-vf.le is'rested against-a wall.'
Quick Business
Oh - October  .19,  Sir! Jjoyd  George
j resigned    as    the Prime Minister 01'
i Ureal  Britain. ^ On Cciober  23,  Mr..'
'.Bonar Law-took his place.'   -November 35; thc new- House of Commons
was- elected.-    A .very  business-like
and  quick piece of procedure  for .a
country; with  a reputation for devotion to ancient and- protracted forms.
���Saskatoon Star.-  - -
".'Brazilians keep pet anacondas, if-n
10; I wen fV feetjlonp. in /their" cellars
to tlestroy "the 'rats' ;'md liiic-e./;'
invention;
StaS t&f list ni laTCBtfotw mttttti if M��atrf*c-
.��-ur*rc. - F(srftue<-�� baY0-b����n uaeiS*' it&nt tlin��J��
l<Sf����.  :"P��t!5at Proj��tloa"fc��ch!tteO f��ini����.
HAHOLD C, SH3PMAN & CO.
PATENT AlTORiiEYS . ottawa.. canajja
tor,.Is in San Francisco preparing for a
the world flight he ' proposes
to make in the- spring, of' 1923* ./-The.
course of the air cruise will! be from
London1 -to Egypt -and : Mesopotamia,:
over India to Burma, -up .the/China'
coast and across Japan; thence to the
Aleutian Islands, Alaska, arid Vancouver: across Canada-to .New/York, up
to "St. John's,. Newfoundland'and-finally to Lphdon by Greenland-and-Iceland. ;���      "   ���''-.'-
Sir Keith expects" to complete the
entire journey in three hundred flying
hours over a period' of1 three .months.
While in San.Francisco/he will-close
-negotiations with an oil company for.
the gasoline supply of SjOOO gallons to.
be used on the trip. . -   ,. -
'must be' diminished; :  odior\��lse --wt
will ��� "fail 1 o -atl niet:' imraigra'l ion'; ' it nd
improved, condiiiphs-tire,   largely- -dp:.
.pendent.-upon -increased  p'oiHiliition.
. -'"As  to' WE.va aiid  ineans-,-t.liey-ar;
obvious to-all wlio . relleef.. jliiiid   Jlif
refer, nor to'..fhe 'crltici.4ti it evoked, /necessity thereof .is-'sinw beiiiK bl.6pt.ht
further than to say'thai, in my judg-1 -hoiu'c.ta the.heedless hytisiit ii.it'i'c's;;1.
ment,--the'   prompt   action -of. -yoiir -'.but; unerring teiiche.r, necessity','-' ���
Last  Man  of Six  Hundred
Not     Able     to��   Attend     Dinner-'.On
.   //-Balaclava Day-.'  -   .-���  '- :;"
The   .Thikc.of-.'. York    presided  the
other evening at"..the' ordVcomradeH'
Dinner" vof .she . .H.h- Hussjr.s,.1" tlio
payment of the/regular-berth charge!
/Two ...line Canadian .Pacific 'trains
leave Winnipeg- for the Ea**.'da��Iy.the
Chief." Ii-w'as Balaclava/. Day,..-7K6
'survlvoi- of, the famous ���' charge-".was
present.   ��� -Only; "one; _ 'Pennington,' - Is
Douglas Fir
"How much are these -puppies, little boy?" ���'/"..' -
"All-a quarter, 'cept that one, and
lie's thirty, fiye cents. " lie .^wallowed
a dime yesterday.."
One; of-the -liigliest mountain? ' in
Gerihany Jias been successfully, ascended, by an 'airplane, which1 landed
on a .small., platen.30.yards from flip
actnnl summit."'   : = ,     7       y-:-   .,-.
"Imperial"./at; .9-00/ a.m:- for/..Ottawa,- still living. /The Duke, in-his,speech;
'Montreal,' Quebec .'and points' In the ] expressed .'iiV'wish" that -" -Pennington
Maritime provinces, ihe "Toronto =I3x-'-could h^ve been'there,.: An-invilaliari.
press".at 9!00 p:m7-'for Toronto, Ilafhil- j had been .sent him., but "oit his. behalf
ton..London and 'all central and West- j bis: daughter had--declined.-'" Ifc
ern70ntario points���Advt. ��� H.23 ;ninety, and "M"'-  too-.'weak [to
about."���Bond'ori Times. 0
Scientists say thc earth Is1
000; years bltl." .-'.- '���-    :.���"..     '
"00.000;-
I7THE
3S-
get
Sightseeing Airplanes
"Itubbcrheck" airplanes are now being operated for the-sightseers of Berlin.     One company has assigned, ten
.Considered Canada's. Finest Wood  for
..'/-.. /V 7  Structural; Purposes':
-   On account-.ol- its. .strength'! and i-'.n".
size In which it. can be.obtained. Doiig.-.'
las ih- of ISridsii Columbia'is eon.'-i/h/r- .
ed" as Canada's .finest/..wood f.-.V/M'i't'ii:-''
tunil:-purposes .although.il- lias, many
other .uses. ..--.The. tree readies heights
'exceeding';250 -.feet/, and    dianitMe.-.^-
abovc seven! or -eiglit..'-feel .aiihougiY i.s
size is/milch below: this;on arv a/enige'-
in/the/iriteripi- part of1 BrifjshVJoHi.ai-'
bia.     'It..Js-an,'shi{ior.tan.i   limber  for.
structural.inirpo^iss, for' -"thev prodii".-.;
tion:of lumber, ^railway /tie;:, -. i;'i!.os7
mine timbers, wood block pa'viiuj .an. 1 _
many other purpose's./' . 7 ,.    ���-   ^
Oflicer;���:Yes, your honor," it w;;;;
terrible experience. Whoh"! enu:r'
the .house i'found this    man    ilii-
machines'for daily flights around- the j 'inS.'.  a! botiie of ^whisky ;uid
capital;, its suburbs  and neighboring   on tlie table;
places yof interest. Trips around
Greater Berlin and Pbvsdam'are made
in the forenoon, while shorter excursions fill the ina.iinee schedule
Never meddle with a hornet   or -a
man    who    is ininding his own' busi-.
ness'.' '    ' -
. Give your local merchants a chance.
fiay at homfe.'_-'.-.:,        - ""-   '
MinardV Liniment For Colds, Etc.
Judge:���What was ho terrible nbOu.
It?....     '���'   '. ���   "   '     ���'     ���"-_.
', Officer.���There was only one/class.
Refreshes Jffeary Eyes
When Your Eyes feel Dull
*nti Heavy, use M��rm_, It In?
utar.tly Relieves tliatTjrccI Feeling.
���Mikes them Clear, Brifeht'snJ
Spulling. Harmless. Sold and"
" Recommended by AH Druggisy1.
NK��
\\\   N.   U. "VJ51
��� Mill III
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11- X
THE     LEDGE.     GREENWOOD.     13.     0.
���t>
1
orking
On Plans
gration To;
Canada Hext Spring
Ottawa.���Plans which are being
evolved for the anticipated influx of
immigration to 'Canada next spring
and summer will likely include the
utilization of the Soldiers'-Settlement
Board as a helpful agency.
The work which this board has
been doing for ex-service men, may,
it. is thought, be l'eadily adapted to the
needs of the civilian immigrant. In
dealing with the returned soldier, the
board has supervised thc loans for the
purchase of lands, assisted in the selection of die properties; livestock and
implements, and given advice' and
guidance to the settlers,    a
In the case of immigrants, the Gov
eminent will not buy any land for
them, but the knowledge acquired hyc|
the Soldier Settlement Board and the
organization generally can be helpful,
with little added expense. Over CO,-
000 tracts of land suitable for farming
have been inspected, and reports in
regard to them are on file,, A staff of
350 supervisors, one-third of whom
are graduates ol:Aagricultural colleges,
arc employed, and prepare monthly,
or in summer, fortnightly, reports as
to climatic conditions and crop tmd
marketing prospects in all of the country. All this informartion, covering
several years, is available, and should
:.be of utility in guiding new settlers
to points where the most favorable
location can be secured.
The /immigration campaign in the
Old Country, as well as in the United
States, /will' bo inaugurated [before
the end of. the ��� present month, and
preliminary reports indicate that by
.March a healthy movement will be
under /way,with farmers having the
preference, but with the immigration
not restricted to that particular class.
Artisans likely to make good in urban centres will not J>e kept out.
Egg Marketing Plan
Representatives, of     Four    Western
Provinces Reach   Decision  In
Winnipeg
Winnipeg.���Representatives   of   the
four western provinces interested in
the production and marketing of eggs
decided in conference here in favor of
Federal grading of eggs.
It was claimed in an adopted resolution that tinder the present system of
handling eggs'from producer to con-
sumerVihuch loss was incurred by all
parties concerned, due to inequitable
payment to producer, as based' on
quality and decreased consumption, as
a result of the poor product sold.
" It was decided to form a committee
of two representatives of the Federal
Department of Agriculture and one-
representative from each Provincial
Department of Agriculture with four
representatives' of the producers,
wholesalers and retailers.
A; V. McLean, Canadian Packing
Company, AVinnipeg, was appointed
convener. Tlie committee will meet
about January 15 in Winnipeg, and
will report its findings regarding the
most suitable regulations direct to thc
Federal Department of Agriculture.
PARLIAMENT. MAY   NOT!
OPEN   UNTIL   FEBRUARY
PREMIER   KING   STATES   NO   ANNOUNCEMENT WILL BE MADE
UNTIL EARLY IN NEW YEAR
Ottawa.���The opening of Parliament
which, it was expected, would take
place during the latter part of January, will, in all probability, bc delayed
until early in February. Premier
King stated that there would be no announcement regarding the opening
date until early in the New Year,
after the return of Hon. XV. S. Fielding, 'Minister of Finance, from England. -
He pointed out; that, owing to various causes, Mr. Fielding had.been delayed, and even now the Government
was not sure;of.the exact date on
which he \v.ould sail for Canada. It
is understood, however, that Mr. Fielding will probably sail for home toward
the end of this month. - As it'is customary to give 80 days notice of the
date for the opening of Parliament,
and as there will be no announcement
in regard to die matter until early in
January, indications now are that the
opening date will bo in the first half
of February.
WESTERN EDITO
Italy Suffers From Cold Waye
Death of Five From Freezing Reported
,  x        In Rome
Borne.���Italy-is- suffering  from :an
exceptionally cold  wave.      Five persons  have  been  frozen   to  death  in
Rome and: several similar cases are
-reported from other localities.     The
'.. Appeniiio.Mountains   are   completely
covered -/.with snow.     Wolves, driven
desperate/by lack of food, have descended to the plains arid are almost
seen at the gates of the capital.
Girl Foils Thief
.Winnipeg.���Miss Freda Peterson,
cashier of the Capitol Theatre, and an
unknown man, had a tug-of-war with
a cash box containing $800 through
the wicket of the box office. Just as
she was about^ exhausted, some people
coming out of the theatre alarmed the
thief and he dashed into a. wailing
automobile and escapee].
Will Boost H. B. Route ���
Boards  of  Trade   Will   Discuss  Completing of Hudson's  Bay Railway
Swift Current.���One of the interesting topics  that will be discussed at
die annual meeting of the Saskatche-
SALUTES J
IRISH- FREE STATE
enmnnin
eat Mark
MESSAGES     OF     GOODWILL     EXCHANGED  BETWEEN  TWO
DOMINIONS
Ottawa.���Messages  of  goodwill  exchanged between the Governments of
Canada and of the Irish Free State
���were  made  public  by  Premier King.
In his cable to President. Cpsgrave of
the   Irish   Free   Slate,   Premier  King
said: x     '      ...
"My colleagues in the Government
of Canada join with me in welcoming
the Irish Free State into the brotherhood of self-governing Dominions of
the British Empire. We send the
best of wishes for peace, progress and
prosperity in all that, pertains to Ireland's future.
"Signed) Mackenzie King."
.The reply of President Cosgrave follows:   .
"Sincere thanks for good wishes and
kind    words    of    welcome    into  Vhe . . .
._,,-.      ���        _. ���   ".       ���      .i      possibilities ot the grain export busi-
brotherhood   of   nations forming the I _,        ,  _, _
��� ... ,   ,. ���,   ,r       ,. i ness through the port of \ancouvor to
British Commonwealth. My colleagues , _,     ... .
uggests
g Plan
Western Port May
Be Developed
.Parliament   Will   Consider   Increased
Grain   Handling   Facilities   In   ,-'
Vancouver
Vancouver,���No definite declaration
of tlie Federal Government's policy in
regard to increased elevator and grain
handling facilities  in Vancouver  will
be made before Parliament opens, Pre-
jniier Mackenzie King advised the local
' Board of Trade.     The Premier in his
message indicates that    the    Government attaches much importance io the
and myself, on behalf of the Irish people, send best wishes for the continued prosperity of your great Canadian
nation.
"(Signed) Cosgrave, President Irish
Free State."
Severe "Storm In Cape Breton
Sydney, N.S.���Almost before thcy
had time,to fully ���recover-from the,effects of the big'snow storm wliich
swept the island on Nov. 21, Cape Breton publicHitililies got another������Severe
setback in the shape of a 10-mile gale
which tangled hundreds of wires and
left portions of the district without
electric lighting and telephone service.
Canada Is Place
For Willing Worker;
Walter P. Davisson, Editor and-Proprietor   of. The   Progress,   Melville,
wan   Associated, Boards   of   Trade,  Sask.
which convene in   Swift   Current An I
about two months, time, will be that
ever  live  topic  in Western  Canada,
the completion   of  the   Hudson's Bay
Railway.      O.  ID.  Hill,  a  prominent
barrister at Mclfort. Sask., is one of
the   most   ardent   champions of the
route, arid he will address the annual
convention    on .the.,., subject.     Last
summer Mr. Hill was one of the delegates from the . north   country   who
went to Ottawa to advance thc cause
of the Bay road, and he had some experiences while-in the cast lhat make
interesting material for a speech  in
the west,
Queen Gets Motorcycle - .-
Paris.���Queen Elizabeth of the Belgians, who often accompanies King Alport on his. aeroplane flights, having
down as far as England, has now ord:
ered a motorcycle. Her husband'and
their son, Crown Prince "Leopold, already possess motorcycles.
ARMENIAN QUESTION ONE OF
GREATEST SCANDALS OF THE WORLD
Hon.  .    Rodolplie       Lemicux       Tells
Britishers About Opportunities
Here
London.-���Hon.   Rodolplie   Len.ieu.:,
speaker   of   the   Canadian House of
Commons, who was    entertained
Alberta Cattle Win Prizes
University's Coljege of Agriculture
Was Particularly Successful
Guelph, Ont.���AVhen Shorthorn and
Angus cattle and .Clydesdale horses
were judged in the arena at Guelph,
John Wilson, Innisfail; Alberta, won
awards in the Angus class
the Orient and Australia. Tho Premier stated that, as the question of
storage and transportation arc bound
up with the western movement of
grain, the Government did not wish to
reach a decision on ihe matter until
transportation companies could express their views, and until Sir Henry
Thornton,'President Canadian National Railways, and his colleagues had
visited the Pacific Coast.
U.S. May Reduce Fleet
President
steer .class. In the Shorthorn class,
the University of Alberta was awarded the steer under-one-year championship:
' The University of Alberta also won
��y i first   prize   for   a   Shorthorn
both Houses' of Parliament,said Can-'
Harding    Would    Broaden
Scope of Naval Limitation-.
Washington.���A request that Presi-
The   University of Alberta, though   dent Harding seek to    broaden .  tho
it gaining any of the premier honors)  scope of- the naval   limitation   agree-
captured a first in the under-one-year'ment so as to include a limitation on
construction of smaller types of war
not
Advocates Smaller Farms
-. ' Lausanne.���Lord    Curzon,    at. -.the
��� .Near East:conference,.took'issue with
Ismet, Pasha's- attempt to lay nil "the
..blame on the-  Armenians.: for.   their
-  troubles. ." It was /difficult, he continued,-to!, reconcile ."Igmet's,, statements
-'". tliat, Turkey had .'given.'fair- treatment
��� -to/ the minorities with the' fact; that,
__,of the" three million Armenians-form-
-   erly resident .in .'Anatolia/ only 180,000
remained..1:."1' V. ���;;���'. XX ���-"'-���'.-'    '
V :-''/Did;tliey.'kill .themselves."' he. askn
.   euV-'ordid thcy Voluntarily .leave Ana.
.- toiia?" XX '.''.    XXy' ' X ' '-'     ,'���
-."Why wcre_thc French .troops' leav-;
ving Ana.tpjia,:; _foilowetL..-.by--Sp.'OOOVAr-
/menians,.' who    deserted'  everything
.-������they hitd?-'. he continued., '."\Vhy.are
there hunclreds-.of- thousands" of-; ihese
miserable. 'Armenians; -scattered. .over
the-neighboring countries?-' 'Why dp
.they stay; tliere.-if.all. they-..have to,do
-is'io return-to. Turkey and "be embrac-"
, .ed by the T.urkish.Goyernment"?-., Why
is die Armeniaii-'question'oneof - tlio
���greatest scandals;of"the world?."-, '���   "
It was easy, Lord Curzon went on,
for.ihe Turks to offer to live peace.-
fully with a minority that had been reduced to a miserable handful,"but, he
added, "fhe eyes of the world-are upon-
the,Armenians.and Turkey, and the
world   will  .not   be content that the
remnant bf these wretched people be
left   without   protection" other   than
what Turkey may be'pleased to accord," " -V      ,.-. ,'X���'���'[':��� X ^V .    -
7 United States"Ambassador Child liad
a long 7 conference "with Ismet Pasha
arid urged, hi in on-humane-grounds to
make: liberal concessions for the pro.,
tectiou of the'Armenians;-Greeks/and
ptlier-rainqriti"es--TemainirifViri""Tufkey7
/ /He expressed -United -.States, disap-'
pi-oval dlV the" Turkish plans"1 for- the
exchange/of -.population's, iti "Turkey
"arid Greece...-      .'-. .;       "7"':     ���
-,ismet pasha attempted to put" him-'
self im a-be tier-light with die-League
of-Nations', in l.is'.adtlress.'.'ia which he-,
announced -Turkey's refusal" to-, accept
international control 7oi".her minority
populations/-. .  '-''.   ".""-���"
Robert    Forke    Believes   "Intensified
Farming Is Solution of Agricultural Problems
JJrandon, Man.���The. only   remedy
for the existing troubles of this country .was. increased., population,.declared Robert Fovke, M.P., leader of the
Progressive party, at the: banojiei. of'
the Brandon lluildcrs' Exchange here,
at wliichiie-waffaccorded^ great reception.
Slating that -.the debi.s of Canada
were growing by/millions, of dollars
���j-year by- year, the Progressive leader
did not-hold out. Nhopes for reduction
of taxation for. riiany .years : to'. come:
He. strongly advised smaller, farms
and-intensified farming as a solution
of agricultural problems.
ada had work for all who were willing
to work more than eight hours a day,
and. was anxious.to increase the laboring and farming. population with new
people from the British Isles. ---
Mr. Lemieux said'ho desired to take
this, his first public opportunity, of
expressing the gratitudo of Canada
and the whole '���.Uritish Bmoirc'" to
Prance i'or the noble gift to- Canada
of land for: the Canadian memorial'at
.Vimy Ridge.
As speaker^of the Canadian House
.of Commons, he could tell the British
House that .they need havo ; no fear
that the magnet would ever "draw, the
sturdy Canadian stock across the
southern boundary, for he dared to
say ihey'had more real'freedom under
the present monarchial constitution.
Lachine Canal Has Busy Year
Carried. Record. Grain   Shipment   of
Eighty-Seven  Million  Bushels
Montreal.���The ���. ���' Lachine .* Canal,
which officially ended-.tho busiest year
in its history,- carried 87,73.1,212. bushels of grain,"as compared with 65,5-12,-'
801 in 1921,.which,was- the"best"previous-year. .' Passengers/ carried .totalled-'09,392, as-against/52,078. last
yean "" :.Cargo. tonnage WAsV'i,'3,6b,32S,
I as,against ."3,671,181", and the, ship ton-
rihgc.-operatcd-\yas-4f78C;5-J3,-5a.s-tJom~
pared...Willi.-1,272,327;. .The canal was
used by" 7.712 ve'ssels./as" against 6,;;2G
in 1921...; Wheat was by far. .the largest1 factor in the increased grain -tolal,-
being 58!032,506.-buslie!s, as-against'
27,68;i,75"(i in':1921.:-'--""-���. -.'-     " '���'
Vessel Frozen Ih '���'
Montreal.���The John " S., Thorn, a
steam barge, will have to winter in
mid-stream a few mile's-up the,St.
Lawrence from S.orel, as all efforts to
release her from'"the ice have Vailed.
It.is feared-that when spring "comes
the vessel/will have been so-badly
damaged by the floes that it ."will sinlc-
..   Japs   Buy   Land   In-Australia''-...-,
Sydney, N.S.W.���The Evening-News
states tliat Japanese syndicates., dur.
ing .the last year purchased a-,tract of'
land-along the- New South "Wales
coast line with the official sanction,of
the Federal authorities.
steer,
Juniper, yearling, while the second
went to the Alberta Department of
Agriculture.
The class for Canadian-bred aged
Clydesdale stallions drew before the.
judges eight animals of excellent
calibre. First went tqJ'Mareh Past,"
shown by Ben Bothweli, Ottawa.
Plague In Ireland
Typhus Taking Heavy Toll of Life in
Mayo County
London.���An epidemic of typhus of
a virulent type is sweeping through the
district of Erris, in the northwest pari,
of the county of Mayo, and whole fam-
lies have been wiped out,..according
to a Ballinla' dispatch to the Daily Express. There has been nothing like
it since the time of the Great Irish
Famine. A relief officer,/while disinfecting the houses! contracted (he
disease, and he and his wife and family died. Two local "doctors .hare
been" stricken. Erris is a maritime'
district"singularly-wild, .and the nearest-railroad station is 50 miles-away
ressels and on military antMiaval aircraft is included in the annual United
States naval bill as reported by the
Mouse Appropriations Committee., Under the bill as brought into the House,
tlie President would be asked to open
negotiations with Great .Britain,
���France, Italy and Japan for'an agreement which would limit future build-'
ing of all surface and submersible
types of war craft having a tonnage of
10,000 or less and on all classes of
army and navy aircraft.
Executions In Russia
Men and Women Put to Death On Eve
<��� Of Amnesty
NelsingfoifK.���The Soviet press announces that on November 0, the- eve
of the celebration of lhe fifth anniversary of the Soviet Republic, all prisoners condemned to death and awaiting their sentences in tlie Soviet prisons were informed, in accordance with
the recent Soviet decision,- thpy had
been pardoned and their sentences
remitted by the Government
death sentence.' bein,
four years' imprisonment,
��� According -to statements in.some
quarters, . all the revolutionary1 Socialists sentenced to death at the re-
. Saskatoon.���A permacet solution of
the wheat marketing question by making   uso   of   "the largest, finest and
most complete mechanical grain handling   and    trailing   facilities   in    tho
world,"  which are  controlled  by: the
I farmers' n_ovement)7ia.thelgreat grain
marketing companies,'the. Saskatchewan   Co-operative   Elevator   Company,
and. the United Grain. Growers Limited, was suggested by Hon. Charles A,.
Dunning, Premier of Saskatchewan, a-,
a solution of the wheat board question,
tit  a  banquet  given  in  his  honor  at
Saskatoon on December 15.
Mr. Dunning pointed out that theso
two companies control over 700 country elevators; thc best organized grain
trade offices in"AVinnipeg; terminal
elevator facilities and hospital elevators of greater capacity and more up-
to-diite than are controlled by any
other interest, and In addition an organization for exporting grain second
io none in the business and which will
this year export overseas at least .100,-
000,000 bushels of grain and possibly
double that amount.
A plan was outlined by'Mr. Dunning
for the  formation    of    a    "Canadian
Farmers' Export Company" by amalgamating 'the   two  export  companies
controlled  by the Saskatchewan""Coop" and the "U",G.G-.,'J   as   a    means  .
whereby "the splendid facilities controlled    by    the  organized   farmers"'
could be used to build up an improved
grain marketing system 'which-would
ensure   lo   the  farmer  patronizing  it
the    world's    average annual market
value   for  Iiis  product,  and  could -be
applied    to   other   grains'as well as
wheat.      Mr. Dunning staled that he
did not know of "any public'man in
Western Canada nor any/responsible
.[farmer leader,who has ever advocated
a     permanent     compulsory     wheat
board,"'but did not indicate that tho
law respecting a   compulsory    wheat
board  now  on  the  statute   books   of
Saskatchewan would be repealed.
It was intimated by the Premier
that "the Government of the province
would not turn a deal/ear to a request
for financial assistance for any enterprise for co-operative marketing' which
had die backing of the farmers' move-..'
ment through the two great co-operative companies."
Want Holsteins Sent
To London Exhibit
Ontar
c-acn
consequenlly_.it is- almost impossible ( c?nt=Sociallst irlal in   Moscow   hav
to get medical, attention
had   "their-
/'/Disarmament Conference7paiIs/-'���
������- London".���The Moscow disarmament
conference-has.'failed, to-'reach'-an
agreement and been broken1 up. says-'a
Reuter. . despatch", from- Helsingfors,:
Finland. ' .-.-���" 7"'��� 7 '': WW-'..-- .- '':���'-
OTiestioii
Japanese ;Students On -Strike-'
"Tokyo.���Four1 hundred -students..tit
.the Tokyo -Foreign. Language--School
have'declared (I strike, refusing to-attend "classes .'until; the .(..o'verunieni e.V
tends the.school course���froni^'threo to
li.ve years ami increases/the'appror.ria-.-
iibiis fov that-institution by'over ?f>0,-
0,00. "; Tho Government; has-suggest oil
a-four-year course sis; a'cniuprHinisris
-/  .V'LonilonV-Projnii.r. _}o'i)iir"L'aw,-Ii_ an
, 7ii'iiportitnt -si at cine nt in-the- House- of
.  -Comiiion.'i, . declared   frankly- -for',the
.; policy -of .die Balfour note, which adVo!
V,'.:��;ted.ail adjustment. ..of' ..nter/Allied
'..debts by ah--all-' round"' cancellation.-
.'(Irent. Ifritain, o.n her part.-surrender-
.   ing" her,share of. reparations' to. bepaid.
. -by German.;;'.'; Thus the Prime,Minis;
ter. indicated that-the ".new-Go'vern-
mf.nt, respite iis-first declaration, tli.it-
'   tiie" Hal four note uo longer' existed so
'far as.thc present Ilrilisii'Government"
was concerned,',and'-that it...would not
consider itself bound 'by it, feels im--
" pelleil to-'the same policy -asVhe previous Government.
' .The remainder-of-'Mr. Bonar Law's
speech was clearly addressed to both
France ' and    the    United States���to
France, a-plea for   moderation in dealing witli Germany, on die ground that
that country ..is. already on the verge"
of collapse;   to lhe  United States,  a
call for help and co-operation, in set;
tlihg ihe difficult problems -6L-reparations and inter-Allied.debts.' .        ''-.'.
"Another   Important   phase ��� of,. his
: speech was a picture .drawn of .Great,
.Britain's .  economic ��� and,  industrial
t&turc;   should    the much hoped, for{
improvement lit" Ira da hot materialize.
The   Prime  ���Minh-lor   showed    the
Utmost anxie'fy. that .there   .should   lie.
no., iuis.indc.rstandiiig  of British  fepl-j-
ingri    towards    both'. France-asul ihe
United ;Sf".-ite's,-,jirid -.said  .tli'ac: it was
only.Great   Britain's .difficult position
he /was."making clear.- . Great Britain
-\vtis .burdened  widi very'heavy ta:;a-
l_i.op.- which was ,-closing" do.wn in'dii's-
' trial enterprise,.resulting   in terrible
unemploymentr^a-_problem lhat made-
it j.ecjssary,  first,,:th'at  there should-
be!    no1 - jhiiitary,   occupation "of Ger--
-maiiy, which would still furthec-handi;
tap European "trade, withoue  producing results in    cash,   and,    secondly,
compelled   him   frankly. to   face the
fact'-that Great Britain was unable to
1 pay the-American debt if she received
nothing from Europe
Strong points in the speech were
the unfairness of the view that because Great Britain had- made sacrifices lo -:'pay her way she. should be
expected 'to pay her debt?,, while
others.who had hiade no such,sacrifices escaped,-and the warning that
too-  sudden 'deflation! ,7ln ���'"Germany
Manitoba's .New. Police 'Commissioner
- Winnipeg!--Col'. ;IJ.'.l.-'Mtirtih. .iorm-'
oily.a member;of -the iipyal Canadian
Mounted'Police, find inspector, of .the
Dauphin ' Division,! of-die Provinci-il
Police ^in'co' ill-',1, has been appointed
e.ointu.ission'er of Manitoba Provincial
Police, according .to announcement
here'���'by- Hon.. 1..--W. Craig". Attorney-
General.
Will   Enlarge" Cherbourg- Docks
'.-,. Cherbourg:���TU'c work/of enlarging
the" docks of. Cherbourg lb cope with
-4he growth "in    tf.aii's-AiIani.ic'    ira/llc,
'which  it.is  expected'will-reach "SOO.
calls ne,\t ye-M-,- will -be begun-in the
near  future;, it is ��� announced.1    -The-
Vxp'ensi.    of   15,0.00!000 francs" wiil.-fee
covered by:a tax on passengers."    ~   -.
!..
.;. Germany Near Collapse-C 7
London".���.Germany is very near' to -i
complete. collapse, Prime Minister
Bonar Law .told the House of .Com-
mons. He declared that this was .lhe
only information he .could give the
House on" the subject of reparations.
sentences \ commuted to
various" periods of; imprisonment,' the
length of which will depend on the future and' its attittule, towards .ihe Soviet Government..    ' "     '-���"'���'"
rio    Agricultural    Minister   Asks
Entries For Dairy Show
Guelph, Ont.���At a banquet of the
commuted - to ' Canadian   IToistein. Frcsien, Associa-
-"������'tion,-Hon. Manning Doherty, Ontario
Minister of Agriculture, expressed the
wish that the Holstein breeders would''
co-operate   with   his   department   in
sending an exhibit    to    the    London
(England) dairy show, next year.
- This,    he   believed, would' open up
���a great market in England for Canadian Holsteins:
: On November 3, the'cv.e of. the pro;
clam'adon of this'amnesty, 22 men-"arid
women sentenced .to; death .last "Octo-
ber.by tlie/Moscow.Revolutionary' Tribunal, for. "counter-revolutionary"- ac-:
tivlties-were.executed.. ''"���-"        - ���'���'
:.-Death of-Winnipeg Journalist
. .-Winnipeg.-r-pavid'--/ Blyth - Bogle,
M.A./.foriiierly-.'an.editorial writer on
the Winnipeg Telegram.and fey tho
past/.twoyeju-s on-the AVinnipeg 'i'ri-
bune,jdj.ed_be'reiou..Tuesday-ni,rht.���V- -
Record Christmas. Maif '        ..
Sout!ia>i.pibn:���The- Olympic .sailed
Dev*. ii for New York carrying v.-hat,
was said to be   a; record-/.Christmas
might produce iherVa__7.1ieVeV_,'_' of>      '-1 - - '��^�� baSi?:! containing over one
unemployment from'-wha. ether ,coan-.
tries,, ai'-e suffering.   "   ' '"''���        "������'- :'���" '""
million letteis.
W. "N. .,'U. .1451.
Of Christmas'pasHet us remember now
Oiiij- the' smiles, forgetting all the te'ars,-^
Only fhe hopes, forgetting all the fear^!
LiiVs way is all too long that-we should bow
Beneath the. ancient burden of dead years'.
��� ' ���"     ' ..-'���-- -- - ^- ���
- Of.Christmas in the future let us speak   '
Only with-courage, looking for rhe  best,--���
/-.Only with hope. leaving to faii.l. rhe rest.   _* '
-I;ii'��-"s day is.all too short/ that wesl'.ould seek   "-"-
'_'-'.-���-'/To-dini'its brightness at our owit beiiest.    - ...
,4-Vrid 'i n't lie present Chrisimas.lf-tHi.s give * /.';'-- ���-.
.-"-._/All help -""From, care fhe suffering to.release.'
,-./"-'���';'-,--=AlI zeal,to share bur happiness'and,peace!-. '
-��� 1-Vr'iii? -is ione enoueh for love lo live"     .'     " '..-
..:'.-���'-.��� "And short Enough for bitterness to cease,'-��� "
London.���The House ."of Lords gave '
second reading, to "the Importation! of
Animals Bill,.after-the Buke-of'J3ev:'
oiishiro,.Secretary/of Ktate forVhe-CoV'
bnles. dind-given assurance that "steps
would -be.-taken shortly- !to .bring all
ihev oilier, dominion's!: as-welt" as Can-,
ad.'f,' under tho provisions of'the bill.-
-   The   Duke ..of   Devonshire said he
deeply ;rt'gretted -.thru .-that clause -in
the original bill had1 been rejected' by
die -Hou.ie'.      lie had no doubt thai.
the clearest possible1 undertaking's liad
been-given Jn the  course of the/de
hates', in.  the    House-of Lords and
;ebcwl!'ers-' that  '-the removal of-.the
'restrictions On Canadian    cald.e
intended to apply "also
the   other .-'dominion.'...    He;wad i'uily
prepared -to, give; an undoriak'ing" tliat'
iX' die   point .should be. raised at Vhe
conference,"' 'which������ all   lipped V.-pnid,
'meet in1 London   iie'xt
"mutually    'satisfactory
could
^"ouId ... ���    -.     .-..,
into effect.
Tiie   Colonial-  Secretary ' said
Jirueted   ihat   by    the passage of the
biir.thc-y w'ouhl bring this controversy,
-which   had.   raged for too long, to n
safisfaetory end.
W;vJ
to;'cattle, frpiii-
year, .and - -a
arrangement
. '������ ;     .SENT/FREE"yy'xl-:
An'y/of fhe.following (exempt/Farmers' ���'
"Account Book) nif.y. be had free, o'u'--
ap'plicatfon.'tottbe ' '".'-'_.'-''
./-.. Pubircatibns branch ��� -/-��� x
"������[ Department of.;AgricuitureW;
Ottawa 'yy-'y [;
Dehorn Your Coir.?nercip.r_C;��Ulc. '-. -71
Bovine Tuberculosis." -1 '    , '""/'; -."--.
NeX-Varieties aiid.iSeiocsions, of Grain,
Winier Steer"Feedinir in Manitoba.!
Fii'iis.l'nng' Steers "Tor Market-, in "North-
���v,-esi'(M;ri Saskatchewan.   7,        ..-.
Growing -Foods for Beef- Cattle,..XOrth-;
;' f rri'Sasltatchewan.      --.        '-'.7   . - ���"-
Alfalfa browing in;'Manitoba.-'    .-
Grain, onthe- Prairies, 'Growing^  7.   '���."-'
'fhe .Potato,-Its Ctjltiyaiibn and Var-ic-
, _ ties..! . -'' ..;--.. .. .--."-���'-" ���   ���'--,'.  "   -.:
Si':7u7 Seed 'Treatment' for Grain." "  --     -
Horticulture ih- .Saskatchewan..
be.a-eaehed,   :the   ��io^rQnl7.,u^;����!'';y"Fe'e<lsand.7Feeding: ;7':    !.--'
���**��*** legisl^oH ,, '& it! SS?^ 7 ly   "
it---
Burial Of John Wanamaker
Philadelphia. ��� John-  iWan.uh.i:c;<.-r.-
merchant- philanthropist,  was  burled
here after a special fune-raLserviee in
Bfiihsny Presbyterian Chiirch. whiclr
jhc foumlc-d more than half .a cenrury
' ago, ���' Many ir.en prominent   in   ilse
ciry. fc;tate and national, life w.ere pres-"
ent.-"-'" Thousands of ethers sto-o;I EilV
entlv in the snow outside during the*
.    j Labour .Saving Devfces-on "tlio. irri
he!,  ' fld'NFarm..' ./-.., 7- -'. - -" "--.-. ; ;-.
Family,'"' Account'-'"'Book, -dXicc "in
cents}.-. -.'.-���;    . '   ,.-..'.     '���-���   .    '.-
W!iy-'".ind HoYv-io.fie'-Milk    .  " '"  V'-:
Why and How to.D. Cof.tagV'i'bee��^!-
Profi.t from'-Dahr Cows..    -' "-���-" - ""'���'
Report- of -Kxp, -Station.Vnostliern.
Sask,     "-.-���-.      .    ."-'.'.- -.-.' '- ""-
. sen ices.
Reporr oi Lxp.- Station. Sidhev, li'.r'.
Report  of  Kxp.  Farm,- Indian   H^ad"
Sask.    . .' -    :   --'-.--;-, '-���. -.;.- -'-    .      ',
Reporter Exp   Fnrai. I_rfih;Ion   M-ijV
List of CO') Available Piiblicatloris. ^ -"
������-^^jmm^s&ss^mgf'.-!:' THE LEDGE
Is $2.00 a year strictly ia advance, or
��2.50 when not paid for three ��� -months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States {3.50, always in advance.
C. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Cos} and OU Notices     7.00
Astray Notices' 3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears it> notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
SHE   LEDGE,   GBEENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
All other legal 'advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Transcieut display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business
oertion.
locals  \2l/i<z.  a line each in-
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
. V.atthe editor would be pleased
to have more money.
PEACE AND GOODWILL
The afemoiphere of Christmas
pervades schools, stores, churches,
homes, the streets, the towns and
the country at large. It also
marks the close of another year, so
that a review, in brief, of what has
been accomplished in the world at
large making for peace and goodwill may not be out of place. Dis-
arament has loomed large throughout the year and latest reports indicate that so far as words and
mutual agreements go we have
gone far along the national roads
fehat must lead to national peace
and good will. Going overseas to
the   little   realm    of   the   United
\ f ��� ������
y -
Kingdom  we  find  that the Irish
question has been  settled in a way
that seems to please the majority
of the people in the Emerald Isle.
France, 'todj.- 7with ./her   military
. burden still on hershouldere, seems
; willing  to! look. for. pea'ce7among
-her; vineyards; and. fields, -and-, to
��� realize that good will is borffoxilyj
-from a desire to see.the!df��ficulties
, of .others-.on  the  broadest-plane.:
; All,   however,: is not all.coleur de
, rose,/for7many .national'matters of
'���importance .-yet   remain- to be ad-
' justed: . There are ruffled national
-,-feathers'to smooth, and. must give
-:'- and. take / ere .the -world  fully . re-
��� covers from wounds of. Armaged-
.'- don:- ..Good ...will from all-parties.is
!VB'ecessar'y"to.complete re-establish?
. indent,, and - we are fully assured
.-thafc,gbod/Ayiil;is..n6fcJacking"on,the
. part'of.the!Anglo-Saxon.race; V
;; Legislature -,Prorogued on
���:.-.; W  .;'���' Saturday- "'" ',, xx.
"...   .Victoria,; Dec.   18.���With   the
-'passing- into -history',/of;-the third
,'--..session.of the Fifteenth/Legislature
7.0. ��� British Columbia,  one feature
! Is! - - outstanding���,tbe ' unshakeable
7 position of tlie Oliver Government.
One hundred: bills-were presented
and.passed during tji'e'seyen weeks.
the. House, was   in  session,  and
���while 'few -.- important.  situations
arose, rstill" the/ government   was
never   in   danger, 6V any    time.
When   the   Administrator,    Chief
7. Justice M&cdonald,   prorogued the
../Legislature   last    Saturday    the
Liberals seemed more firmly estab-
'.. Hstied in the saddle than ever.
7 Several important  amendments
to social.statutes were passed, chief
among them being those affecting
the Workmen's Compensation Act.
In future injured workmen will re
ceive 62J per cent of their  regular
wages   while, off    duty    through
accidents.'     Burial allowance  has
been increased from 875 to $100.
Qf great interest to the fruit districts is tbe legislation providing
funds for fighting the codling moth.
The govern man t will assess .those
benefited and provide for.a comprehensive- campaign against this
pest. .. - , ���:....'
A home for incurables will be
established by thc government, the
cost to be abont $70,000. Municipalities will be^ asked to contribute 81.25 for every patient Bent
to the institution.
Contrary to tbe predictions of
(he pessimist, no increase in taxation has been provided for, while
there it an actual decrease in the
estimated expenditure for the next
fiscal year.
The hottest fight of the session
was waged over the beer question.
But the liquor law3 in regard to
the favorite malt beverage are unchanged. The regular $5 permit
has been abolished. It will cost
��2 in future. The single-purchase
and foreign permits have been done
away with, while beer and wine
I permits will cost only $1 instead
of $2.
One drastic amendment to the
Government Liquor Act provides
a jail sentence for those found
guilty of selling beer. Seveeal
members made a vain attempt to
have this changed to a substantial
fine. Another amendment is expected to wipe out the 'bonded
warehouse; licenses to cost 810,000
in future.
Now tha. the session of the
legislature is over, the government
will turn its attention to the affairs
of the P. G. E. Railway once more
Premier Oliver; ex-minister of
railways will take the new minister, Hon. J, D. MacLean, over the
line from Squamish to Quesnel,
when a thorough inspection will be
made and the two will consider
what steps shall be followed during coming year in operating the
line. It is known that the Hon.
Dr. MacLean favors a comprehensive colonization policy, and to that
end will have a complete survey
made of the agricultural, mining
and lumbering possibilities in the
country contiguous to the railway.
Educated Without School
by the aid of the parents being
solicited. All these results are
submitted by mail to the inspector.
They are corrected and then sent
back to tbe pupil.
Should it appear that the child
has not'grasped the'subject properly, that is has not rightly understood the instructions, a personal
letter is written making the matter
plainer. In this connection the
Department makes it a rule, right
at the beginning, to explain the
subject to the parents and asks
them to assist the pupil as much as
possible. Photographs and charts
are used to teach writing and drawing. The rate of progress is set
entirely by the child. The tendency, it has been found, is for the
pupil to work considerably faster
than the pupil in the Bchool���probably because counter attractions are
less numerous than in school rooms.
The Department has a number
of interesting "testimonials" as to
the interest the course has aroused
many   homes.    A sixteen-year-
in
Hon. Dr. J. D. MacLean, minister of education in British Columbia, under whose direction, this
Province has scored a signal suc-
cesB^in teaching children of isolated
districts, who cannot attend school,
by means of a correspondence
system. ���
Living away off "in-the wilderness," . miles from the nearest
school���what is to be done towards
educating children in such isolated
families?-/:''..'��� V';:7':.-.- 'V'-".-. ,-_-.-.-.
-7 This-."is;;a;problem that has.led to
an innovation in British Columbia
which has. proved ..such-:a decided
success and which . will, !uhdoubt-
edly;, be of marked,, interest in
other provinces,: where 'the/same
difficulties have to be met."!
In.British Columbia there are
great -stretches of .sparsely pop?
ulated lands; hundreds of miles of
rocky ocean, coast; -many, isolated
islands .and/- many places, where
families , practically, live to: themselves. '-,. In.- these: areas there^ are.
ho. roads and no schools, in fact in
some of them :,mair is/delivered
only every two weeks...       7       V
Yet the children iu/these families hid to. be! .educated���but how?
_T.hen,'the7'Departi3a'ent.V"of. Education decided, to make an experiment.''..Why not try the. correspondence school; method? It did;
and extended it- until, today, three
years after.its inception, it.is -one
of '.the most interesting branchesbf
the Department,- covering every
phase of the public school: course.
/ There..we're, at first,V,misgivings
as7t<v the practical"'_��� results of the
scheme. It was feared, / for: .instance,, that the .youDger.vcliildren,
might not be able; to properly follow the instructions/given thetn by
mail. . But these fears proved
groundless aud a large number bf
these "unseen pupils" have since
came iuto the nearest, centreB and
passed the entrance examinations
with high marks' and in /competition with scholars having.the benefits of teachers' personal instruction.
The claim ; is even made by the.
instructor in charge of the course,
James Hargreaves, that the Correspondence Branch pupils make
better progress on the. whole/than
do the school-attending children,
"For some reason, "he says, *?tbey
seem to show more enthusiasm."
At the present time there are
nearly two hundred children being
taught in this manner, scattered
from the lighthouses on the coast
of Vancouver Island to the far
North.
Th* method of instruction is interesting. The. Department supplies all the books necessary and in
teaching history!and literature, the
pupils are instructed to read certain pages.and, then, in their own
words, -write, what. they have read.
Spelling-is written from dictation,
old Scandinavian girl at Port
Neville act as instructor for her
four younger brothers and sisters
and they have made surprising progress. Iu her letters to tbe Department she has opened some decidedly interesting discussions and
does not hesitate to make suggestions and recommendations to the
inspector. ^ o
From a remote ranch in the
Cariboo a mother, recently wrote
that the lessons might be stopped
as her boy was how able to attend
a regular school. She spoke most
appreciatively of the course and
asserted that the pupil, by its aid,
had begun in an advanced class at
school.   0
In developing the system the
Department does not rely upon ap
plications. Instead, whenever it
hears of a child somewhere1 who
liveB too far away from school; it
writes the parents explaing the
whole system and sends an applica
tion form. Wbera mail service is
infrequent, several lessons are sent
at once. ���*'
The system of promotions is exactly the same. as in a regular
school. Certificates are issued to
add Interest to the studies. While
at the ordinary school it is generally impossible to start a child in
tbe classes in the middle of a term,
pupils.may take, up the correspondence course at any time., =. "=_-' .!-_ '
/On the whole the.system ena'tirec
that there isno -necessity for any.
child anywhere in the/whole wide
Province, no matter =��� how-isolated,
to be deprived of an education. ���
Family Herald, and: Weekly Star,
X -y, 7 Boy Scouts   WWV';
Troup meets on ./Friday ��� at
7; p.m.  " '.-;. XX-    -""/' W   X"' X
. -   .-;';:."   ���-'    -:.-   ".CUBS'     V .- '���   ." ��� '; X. .
. The Cubs will meet on Saturday at 2 30 p; m:, in the Fir?!
Hall.   WW-77'W! -'.-���..;-. ,!
MCPHERSON'S GARAGE
GRAND FORKS: B.C. 7    7
Agent for Dodge, Chevrolet,. Studebaker-
and Overland cars". Garage-in connection'.
p. Mcpherson      -7 x proprietor
--.-.-.'  7 ..''���-��� MINERAL ACT     7
.'    X     '"''-'      '-. (FORM.F)    !"'  '; : 7.W'
-Certificate- of Improvements.
V ~    Vnotice,
YORKSHIRE  LASS  Mineral. Claim, situate
iu-lbe Greenwood Mining Division of Yale
District. > " '
Where    located:      Horse-Shoe  Mountain,-
.Maiu Kettle Biver.-   ~    ..'".. -���..-,
TAKE NOTICE that I, David G. Smith, of
^Greenwood,.B.C., Free Miner's Certificate No..
SWSOC, Intend, sixty days from .the date hereof,-
'to'-apply to..the Mining .Recorder-for,a Certificate-of Improvements, for.tlie.-purpose of
obtaining- a Crow a Grant bf the above claim. 7
.-':'������And, further- take notice that action, under
Section. 85,- must-be commenced before, the
Issue of such Certificate-of Improvements,; 7
Dated this 21st day of September, A.D. 1922.
ASSAYER
-B.;. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box biioS, Nelson, BV. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Ltead
fi.aS each. Gold-Silver ft.?5. Gold-
Silver with Copper .or Lead $3.00. -Silver-Lead $2.00. Silyer-L��ad-Zihc; $3.00.
Charges for other metals, etc... on up.
plication. "-'' '   ' .-:
^t^nM^^
bravei.
-~��J85?s�� fe. -
r "-'     .
ANFF Jiuliun Day���always the third Monday and
Tuesday in July, was this year the most successful of
ils kind ever held in the thirty-two years since its inauguration. An atmosphere of festivity prevailed the. two days the
tril.:. of six hundred Stoney Indians were at Banff, the centre of that most beautiful part of the Canadian Pacific
Rockies.
No place in lhe world could have a more perfect setting
for an event such as this, and wiiat could bc more picturesque
than the Tsciiantoga Indians "people of the woods," in
their native costumes amid these Great Mills. There is a
dignity and poise to these people of the woods ��� calm,
strong faces with-character written in every line and seam
'of their,countenances.
/he parade started at nine thirty, and circled around the
main street twice before going.-to tlie Banff Springs Hotel.
The streets en route to the hotel were thronged with residents and tourists, and the steps of the hotel and court were
den..e!y"backed with onlookers, for the distribution of prizes
for the best native costumes took place here. The Governor-
General and Lady Byng, who were on their way west over
tlie C.P.R., were among those who viewed the proceedings.
Lady Margaret Boscawen, sister of Baron Byng, presented
the prizes won. -. -
The' parade was most spectacular, and combined with thc
iports it was well worth travelling hundreds of miles to sec. .
The chiefs rode at the head of the procession and looked
picturesque in their costumes of ,buck-skin and bead work,
r.nd gay head-pieces of. feathers and ermine. Not only were
lhe natives decked out in their gala attire, but the horses also
shared in the pomp and splendour. Their trappings, were
made of buckskin, with patterns worked In beads, the coloring and designs of'-superb workmanship. Skins were also
used, and trappings of-bead work and ermine. A few
horses were painted in symmetrical design's or various colors. The higher the rank of their rider the more beautiful,
and cosily the trappings..
The sport's wer��. held in the encampment grounds on one
side of which the Indians had erected their picturesque
wigwams. ..The..grand -stand was packed and thousands
were present, and never in the history of Banff, was this
event ro well attended. Cars were lined up in all-directions, and hundreds of tourists,'and many residents were
on horse-back; which-added to the varied scene.
The sports consisted of races ofcvarious kinds; two mile!
one mile and half mrfe dash." There was wrestling on
-horseback,   bow  and  arrow  contest,  pitching  tepee and  a-
Lady A\argarer Bcwc;
inl-he Courtyard 0/ ffie Dan/f tSpr'mgsHc
bucking contest. Three money prizes were given for each
race. The - Governor General, Lady Byng and party attended, and later left for Lake. Louise.' The cowboy race
was the most spectacular. There was a pole at each end of
the course, which the horses had to go around, and as they
appeared to get there almost simultaneously, it'was a wild
jumble of horses, and riders apparently on top. of one another.
The setting for this scene was perfect. Hills well timbered with dark spruce and pine, and behind them the mountains in a dull grey haze���due to thc distant forest fires.
Against this setting thc tepees stood, white, with.thc top a
cinnamon brown, smoked from camp fires within.- Many
were of brilliant colors, beautifying the encampment
grounds' still further. The excitement of the.; afternoon
over, the Indian families returned to their own quarters, and
the little played on the green grass in'front of their tepees,
Some of the men and women reclined on sKins or blankets
in the cool of the early evening. Squaws^vent to the brook
for water, others came from the woods with armfuls of
faggots, and soon Ikes were started for supper, and their
- flames leapt into the air, adding,more color"to.-this already
brilliant scene.
The Indian-Day Committee are to be congratulated on
giving 7 Canada this annual event, which is so typical "of
primal days,- and the beauty of which'is' in keeping with
these great hills which were theirs till the-white man came.
Many of the officials of the day were Indian Chiefs, who
very efficiently did their share toward making Indian Day
the success it 1111 loubtedly proved to be.
CANADIAN ENTERPRISE IN ENGLAND
�����       ' ' '
GIjOSE to. the Dock Gates, and nearly
opposite the = South-Western Hotel,
the. new. Canadian Pacific Building at
Southampton,-.   England,, opened   ' on
Monday, Sept.74th, will -soon becorric a
well-known landmark for travellers:    .
The building stands out.in striking reT
"lief.7.to the rather.drab appearance!of
Canute  Road,; on which! it ! faces.   i'A.
: stone front, colour  washed brickwork,
and pleasant, green shutters' to the first
-floor windows.'have- ass istedV in--achieving this desirable effect.    .Window dec?
oration has been treated in an original
style,..with sliding, shutters haying reedlike divisions screening the interior, on
the lines ofthe Oriental Shyoji.
The interior decorations; and arrangement have been ��i'rHcd.out from a
strictly practical .point of view.- ' A
colour s'cheme'.of-decided character has
been, obtained by. a strong contrast of
black and ,'red/ebonised woodwork, supplying the black,-while an'unusual type
of old fashioned marbling has been used
for the;cornice arid, dado.-
, Rubber 'floors, . which, deaden tlie
sound of footsteps and are also consid
ered more ,$anitary. where, there ..is much.
traffic, are an important feature of an
office that will undoubtedly prove a
very busy one for its occupants, Mr.
David Drummond, Southampton Agent,
and his Staff, in dealing with the ever-
increasing flow of Canadian Pacific
traffic through the Port of Southampton .
:A11 the work has been carried out by
a well-known local firm, Messrs. Jenkins & Sons, of Southampton, from .designs prepared by A. H. Jones, M.S.A.,
architect, and P. A. Staynes, R.O.I., artist, of 10, Conduit Street, London," W.
SEMI-READY
Tailored Clothes
Men's Suits and Overcoats   1
Fall and  Winter Suits and Overcoats, samples (Just arrived.)
Now on view at .?���������'"
VT;   THOMAS
Tailor and Cleaner     W
Greenwooi
' \
���BEE..
-Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
first-class   land
second-class  to
to sur-
Mitiimum price of
reduced to.$5 an acre;
$2.S0 an acre.
Pre-emption now   confined
veyed lands only.  - .
Records will be "granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes and which is non-timber
land.
Partnership pre-emptions .abolished
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
claims.
Pre-emptors must occupy claims
for five years and must make improvements to value of $10 per acre,
Ijncluding clearing and cultivation of
at least,, 5 acres, before receiving
Crbwn Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation jiot
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may because of-ill-health, or other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate.. of improvement and-transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence
may be issued, provided applicant
makesimprovement to extent of $300
per annum and records same each
year. Failure to make improvements
or record same will "operate as forfeiture. Title-cannot be obtained,in
less than 5 years, and improvements of_
$10.00 per acre, including S acres cleared and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required.
Pre-emptors holding Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land iri^conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements.- made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land. - -
UnsurYeyed areas not exceeding 20
acres, maybe leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after.fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas exceeding 640 acres may. be
leased by one person or-company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber land, not ..exceeding' "40 acres
may be.purchased; conditions, include
payment of stum page.
Natural hay meadows  inaccessible
by existing roads may be purchased"
condifional upon construction of a road   ���
to them.   Rebate of one-half of cost of
road; not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.v   "        '  -
PRE-EMPTORS'  FREElCRANTS ACT
The scope of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joiniug-and serving
with His/Majesty's Forces. The time
iu which the heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is extended from one
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after tbe conclusion of the present war. This privilege is made retroactive.
No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded "after June 26, ��� 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
4,1914, on account'of payments, fees or -
taxes on soldiers,' pre-emptions. ��-
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted'from enlistment to March 31st, 1920.
SUB-PURCHASERS  OF CROWN LAND
Provision made "for .insurance of
Crown Grants to sub-purchasers of
Crown Lands, acquiring rights from
purchasers who failed to complete purchase, Involving forfeiture, on fulfillment of conditicns'of purchase, interest
and taxes. Where sub-purchasers do
not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes may be distributed proportionately over whole
area. Applications must be made by
May 1, 1920.
GRAZING
Crazing Act, 1919, for systematic development of livestock industry provides- for grazing districts and range
administration under Commissioner. ,-
Annual 'grazing permits issued based
on numbers ranged; priority for estab- ,
lished owners. Stock owners may form
Associations for range management.
Free, or partially free, permits for
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten
head.
Christmas
Send Your
BOOTS and  SHOES
-      Te
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and jaaierial guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way,   T��rm�� Cash.
\
I/Sdge ads brief results.
While shepherds watched their flock's by,
"7;   '.nightV ..-,'        ������-   - '.' 7   7.    -    -
. All seated 011 the ground,.   ;'
The angel of the I,ord cainedown,
And glory shone" around.'" : ���...  T,
."Fear nbt," s^id he, for mighty dread  -.. .
Had Eeize'd. their troubled ihind;
"Glad tidings of great joy I bring
Toyou and all mankind,"   r   ,  )   ;
"To you, in David's town, this day.
Is born of David's Hue, ,7     -  '-:
A.Saviour^ who is Christ the Lord, '...:.-..
And this shall be the. sign:
"The heavenly Babe you there shall find,
To human view displayed,;    ; r '
All meanly,wrapped in swathing bands.
And in.tiie. manger laid,":.
Thus spake the seraph, and forthwith
Appeared a shinirig:throng'-.-'.    .-
Of angels, praising God, and thus
Addressed fheir joyful song:
"AH glory be to God on high;
And to the earth.be peace;
Good will, henceforth, fro.n heaven to.
men,       -. '    .
Begin and never cease."
.7      ' ���Nahaia Tate
..The Ledge can supply yonr
eyery need in the printing line
aad at prices cbasisteat with
first-class work,
GOLUMB/A
:     The iVUneral Province of Western Canada
V   Has*produced Minerals valued as follows:   Placer Gold, $76,177,403; Lode
: Gold, *105,557,977f Silver, $55,259,485; Lead $48,330,675; Copper, $166,393,488;      *   .  ,
7Zinffi,:$21,88.4,531;; Coat and'Coke, 8226,409,505; BuildiDg Stone, Brick. Cement, r
7*34,072,016;     Miscellaneous     Minerals, ' 81,210,639;     making    itu    Mineral     7
Production to.She end of 1921 show
������j{;iv.^^pf^ite_YalM of $734,259,619
option for the Tear Ending December, 1921, $28,066,641
,Tfie Mining Laws of this Province are more liberal, and the fees lower,
than those of any other Province in the Dominion, or any Colony in the *,British
���Empire/, 7- -���   -y
.   Mineral, locations are granted to discoverers for nominal feea,
7 Absolute -Titles are  obtained  by developing such properties, the security
of which is guaranteed by Crown Grants.
..'-."; Full information, together with Mining Reports and Maps, may be obtained
gratia by. addressin g~���
THE HON. T8E MINISTER OF MINES
VICTORIA, British Columbia.
1

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