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The Ledge Jun 12, 1924

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 w,
Provincial Library
���*��� ���. \
y **��
THE  OLDEST   MINING  CAMP   NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Vol.   XXX.
GREENWOOD, B. C, THURSDAY, JUNE) 12,   1924.
Now is the time to Brighten up your Home
We have just received an assortment oi
Paints, Oils, Floor Stains,
and Varnishes
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28L-
GREENWOOD. B.C.
WE  SELL     ���_,.
five Roses, Purity and
Royal Honsehold Flour
Crushed, 3 c. w., 2 c. w., and   SEED  OATS
Bran,   Shorts,   Oat Middlings,   Corn,   Etc.
For Quality and Value Order From Phone.46
GREENWOOD GROCERY
Just In A Big Line Of
INEILSOIN'S CHOCOLATES
Box, Bulk and Bars
Buy a box of these extra fine fresh Chocolates"
GOODEVE'S  DRUG  STORE
DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP
NOTICE is hereby given that the Partnership lately subsisting"
between the  undersigned  George  Birkett Taylor and Thomas
Jenkin, carrying on business at Greenwood, B.C., under the firm.
. name of "Taylor & Jenkin". was on this '31st' day of May, 1924, f
dissolved by inutual'conseiit; and that the bnsiness in future will be
carried on.by. the*-' said George Birkett "Taylor and his son Richard
C. Taylor under the firm name of "Taylor St Son," -who will pay and
discharge all debts and liabilities,, and receive all' moneys payable
to the said late firm.   ��� '���'_ ";  - '��������� -- ���". ,���'-;;    ;'-_-- 7 X    , V".  - ["X -7
...  Greenwood, B.C., May.31st, 1924."
- '-X,-. X     XG. B..TAYLOR,
���������- ���"-;   ._ :7W "/..';:-"'"-. ���������'������:���.. x. ' x '.' ":~f. jenkin." .7 -'
pEreKDENt MEAT fllARKET
...    -X.'       We. carry ohly.7the best stock procurable in     X-
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A trialwill^convince you
JOHN meyier;
.     X W .   - |
Proprietor S
���Xx- -    - 9
fcfc&IfiA2fi&21_a2S_ft5__&_l
To the Electors of the Grand Foirks-fireenwood
Electoral} District
Owing, to the'', large;territory of the"7present
EJlectoral. District and the. limited -time before . election it inay not be.possible,for;me.to. meetWach
elector personally,;, but I will appreciate your vote
in the Conservative interests and promise .to repre^
sent the district' fp the best, pf my ability,.;
Meetings will be held as follows:   ':      W ' 77..
. Greenwood Theatre, Greenwood, June 14, 9 p. m.
Bridesville Hall, June 16, 8.p.m.
Bertois Hall, Cascade, June 17, 8 p.m.   x'yzXy
Empress Theatre, Grand -Forks, June 18, ,8. p.m..
Old School House, Midway, June 19, 8 p^m.' xy.
yyV-y '���-}:}��� 'Vy[x.y;X)X_y]. :john,-mcexbj..-v.-.
HATS
For Men
Felt and Straws
New Shapes and Colors
Just Arrived
W, Elson & Co,
FIRE
FIRE
FIRE
CHARLES   KING
Real Estate.
Fire. Life Insurance
Licensed by B, C. Government
Accident & Sickness Insurance
AUCTIONEER
Auction off your surplus Stock
Call  at my Office aud see me in
reference to any of above    .
Just Arrived
CHILDRENS HATS
For Boys and Girls
Also Stockings for Ladies,���
Girls and Boys
Store Hours.
8.30 to 10.30 a. m:;  2.30 to S p, m.
MRS. ELLEN TROUNSON
B. W. HARDING
Chiropractor
GREENWOOD
Office: Bank of Montreal Residence
J    near Post Office
Office Hours:
Mon., Tues,, Wed., Thurs:
10 a.m. to 12, 2 p.m. tp.5 p.m, 7to 8
7"-.   Friday, 9 a.- _____ to -i p.m. ���.   -:'"
Greenwood Theatre
SATURDAY, JUNE 14tK
Commencingfat
ww-''-" ��� P# ***���
'.. (Note change in hour) ,���������--
Jesse f_,. Lasky Presents .'-."
'7.;f-;"The;Sheik^f:':;'::
...   .'  - with" ���'.    '
���Affiles Ayres and Rudolph Valentino
. -At'first the.lovely English- girl hated-
the-bronze. Arab chief who had captured
her:in, the desert;-,then as"she sees his
tyranny overa hundred tribes, hate turns
to fear, and fear "_ to fascination.- The.
Shiek is determined to'.inake; her love
hiih.f^Does he.succeed?" That is.theplot-
of-tkis"wonderful Paramount picture.  -
ADULTS 50c     -".  CHILDREN 25c.
���-/.' Conservative Meeting
A public meefeibg.will be held in
the Oo-operative.Hall, Rock Creek,
on Friday, June 13; at Sp.m. in.fehe
interest of the Conservative Candidate^ John McKie, aad the\ folr
lowing.night Saturday, June li at
9 . b' clock,. (after the -. show avhich
starts at 77p.m.f) in the Greenwood
Theatre. Both ��� meetings" will be
addressed by. W. K. .Ealing, ex-M.
Ir.A.; fofr Eosalandjf John.:.McKie,
���and others.'������.-���-XyX.XXXy XxXz XX'X:
AROUND HOME
Boon to Hungry Motorists
The Kock Creek Hotel is now
running fall swing, catering to the
needs of many tourists every day.
A first class cook has charge of the
kitchen and is now prepared to
serve meals at all hoars. This will
prove a boon to hungry motorists,
who have been delayed en route;
The ehicSen dinner every..Sanday
is worth travelling .manyX miles.to
partake of. ��� '_7'-'--W-7/7'';
7 Thos Cole, provincial auditor,
was in town on Friday.
John Morrison left on Thursday on a trip to Powel River.
Wm. C. Wilson now. has his
headquarters at Grand Forks.
] There are 1931 names on the
Grand Forks>Greenwood voters'
list.
Mrs. Eileen Thompson, of
{Trail, spent a few days with
jfriends iu town this week.
X yA. R. Royce returned to Trail
on Wednesday after a week's
holiday with his family here.
"Miss Ethel Royce returned to
Vancouver on Monday to resume
her duties in the General Hospital.
. Chs. Davis returned to Spokane
on Tuesday morning after several
weeks visit to his sister, Mrs. T.
AC.' Gulley.
W. M. Skilling, of Nelson,
commercial representatives of the
B.C. Telephone Co.. was ia town
ori Wednesday.
Mrs. Benson arrived on Sunday
from Sweden on a 3 months visit
to her sons John E., of Greenwood, Axel, of Beaverdell, and
Fred of Seattle.
Mrs. W. P. Miller, formerly of
Greenwood, passed away at Ham;
ilton, Mont., on May 28th. She
was buried at Spokane in the
Greenwood cethetery.
Axel Gustafson who met with
a serious automobile accident on
the Doukhqbor hill last week is
improving rapidly-in the Grand
Forks hospital.    7
Miss E. A. Olson, teacher in
the Greenwood School for the
past two years, has tendered her
resignation. Miss Glssori intends
going to California. .,,_ ._ x.y ;':;'���
Mrs. M. C. Jarrett and daughter, Edn a, who h ave been visitin g
Mrsi Royce for the past 2 week's
left on Monday for Banff and
Lake Louise before proceeding to
their home in Toronto.
After General McRae's meeting
in the - Greenwood Theatre on
Monday nignt those interested in
the Provincial Party had a meeting and formed a local .organization. :. The followingV- officers'
were elected;.. President*,.. D. J.
McDonald; Vice-President, E.: F,
Keir; Secretary; Chas ISTichbls,;. .
Mrs. A. Wakelin and Mrs.-R7
Harris;and W". Spooner,. jr., of
Trail,. inotored :over and spent
thejweek-end. the. guests of -rMr.7
and Mrs j.: Keady. Mrs. Wakelin and W; Spooner, jr.-were wishing their many friends good-bye
as they are - leaving shortly. for
Lewistown, Pa.
Farewell to Popular Tele-
; 'x-r    phono Girl ^
. Oa the eve of her .departure for
Wallace, Idaho, a farewell dance
and. presentation was. given in
the .Greenwood Theatre to Miss
Cassie. McDonald, by her many
friends who all regret to see her
go.. Miss McDonald has been
local'agent of the BX; Telephone.
Co-i for nearly five years and pre-,
vious to coming here was .agent
at Phoenix for a number of years
and during all that time she has
always been inost-obliging' arid
ever .courteous,. So much so.'.th'at
a travelling auditor, of. the company said that .she. was..one of.
the most efficient -agents they
had. 7 ''''"-.- .77 yX- Xy; ~~. :.x'.y
X During the week.the telephone
subscribers got busy arid collected
bver.842, which'was-, given -to
Cassie, as. she is familiarly.called,
as a token of appreciation of her
faithful service. She was also
the recipient of maHy gifts from
her numerous friends.7'W������... > "X,
. G, S. Walters made.r.the.,:pres-
eritation^ address who..expressed
the sentiments' of all when he
said everybody was sorry to see
Cassie and her sister, Loiiise,
leaving town, but he.rejoiced to
know that they were going to
better themselves as they so richly deserved. . Richard , Taylor
also spoke appreciatingly 7 of
Cassie's many Stirling (jualities.
Dancing was then continued the
music being supplied by-Miss L.
Pickthall, Miss- M. McLoughry,'
Mrs. Mowat and Pete Docksteader with, the- saxaphone. WCassie
and Lonise left by.-GiN;,oa Thurs��
:day inonimg,: .7 X'yX'XX!X; X'\<
Midway Warbles
Bill Akers left on Saturday's G.
N". train for Oregon on a short vacation.
The farmers are singing rain,
rain, glorious rain, give us some
more of it.
The tie hacks are all going on
high these, days. The G. N". Ry.
does not intend to accept ties after
July 1st.
Frank Carey paid a flying visit
to town last week7 Frank says the
fireworks are all in order afe Rock
Creek for June 20th,
Joe Johnson had a horse that
thought ife belonged to Ringling
Bros. It tried to loop the Iooplast
week and broke its neck.
The Midway ball team travelled
to Republic last Sanday and met
the locals in a league fixture. Republic won a hard fonghfe game.
Ab Savage, Chief of Police of fehe
City of Grand Forks, paid a visit
to town last Monday. He escorted
McLeod back feo fehe Forks for trial.
The welcome rains of the past
few days have put the farmers in a
better mood. We hope they will
stay that way until "after the 20feb.
Ace Mesker ^returned to town
last week. Someone said Ace interviewed Hatfield the rainmaker.
Anyhow the rain returned with
Ace.
John L. Bnshgleft lasfe Saturday
with his family on an extended trip
to the old home town back east.
He expects to be away abonfe two
months.
W. C. Salmon has been appoint-:
ted Deputy Returning .Officer for
1ihe Midway Polling Division. Mrs.
R. D.   Kerr " has   been appointed
PolLClerk; yX xX-y.Xy.
E. Of Henniger, fthe Liberal candidate^ and D. McPherson were in
town last ��� Saturday^-The genial
Mac will either talk poHfeios or sell
a Ford'anytimeyou feel thafeway.
X Jack" McLeod,'7a7ib^geri':'waBvfar-
Tested:'', at. Midway lasfe Saturday
night, wanted at Grand Forks .for
stealing a club bag" loaded with
booze. Jack got tired of the logging game these hot days and decided feo join the .'iKnights. of the
Grip." .Unfortunately -for Jack
the grip.he started .but..with belonged to some other person.1 '-.
���';-7"'''_lj([idway:'";N<)tes^-w!"
7 Mr. and Mrs.. H. A. Nicols and
daughter have arrived from Penfeic-
feon and have feaken^ up. residence
here. *=; '.""~v_: xy-y x- ':""���'"" }['. :'~-
"W. Tippie has been moved from
Grand Forks hospital feo Myncaster;
where he is being cared for by .his
daughter.- 7, "-, ..    -'..
Miss Josephine Richter was successful in the: nurses graduation
class, in Spokane last week, haying
passed with 89 per cenfe. 7
.7 The ladies. IJ.F." lo'cal7met7.1asfe
Saturday; and planned work for fehe
future.' A dainty lunch was served
.by Mesdames Richter and Bruce.,
The next meeting will "be held on
July 5th. : The programme will; be
"Housecleauing.^;
The-Ladies Aid met last ./Wed-,
nesday.ifch iastf..an'd installed' the
following officers; President, Mrs.
R.D. Kerr,7-Vice-Pres. Mrs. /W..
Salmon; Secretary, Mrs. Romstead;
Assfe.. Sec. Miss Kier; Treas. .'Mrs.-
Porter.,- Rev. W. R, .Walkinshaw
acted as returning officer.. Tea was
served at the. home r of. Mrs!" H.
Pannell, where a. presentation was
made to.-Mrs. 0. J. Lundy, retiring
president,"as a mark fof appreciation for six years 'confeinriousliard
work in.connection with the Aid.
No.J<^.
Si
Kettle Valley Notes
Mrs. "W. Berg is visiting Mrs. A.
Sater at Greenwood.
The-Misses Caldwell spent a few
days last week at Grand Forks.
Miss Hindmoor is spending a
few days with Mrs. J. 0. Thompson.
J. Warburton who has been
spending the winter at Lake Louise
is nowQtelling fehe natives the news
at Peanut Point.
fNorman Haynes and Russell
Clark, of Nicholson Creek, left on
Tuesday'morning for Kelowna on
an extended holiday.
Matins will be held in the Anglican Church on Sunday, June 15th
at 11 a,m. Sanday School afe 10
a.m.
Roll up and hear the ladies sing
"My blue eyed boy" on Friday at
fehe Co-op Hall afe 7 p.m. An" expert has lately inspected the building for stress bo its quite safe.
Christian Valley Notes
Cummine"Abel left for Rock
Creek on Wednesday last.
Gardens are looking nice after
the good rains we have had lately.
Mrs. Cochran and son Charlie
went down to Westbridge this
week.
The road work afe the lower end
of the Valley will be finished next
week;
Mr. and Mrs. W. .8. Abel have a
nice herd of cows freshening. They
will ship their cream to the nearest
creamery.
Miss Barns is looking forward to
the summer holidays after a good
year's work at the school. She
plans to attend fehe University next
year.:'
y Christian Valley is likely feo have
a post office in the near future. An
endeavour is also being made by a
few to have the name changed' to
Hexfeori. Christian Valley / is
known all over the country and it
would be a great shame and inconvenience .and liable to cause confusion to have the name changed
at this late date. ,f
Provincial Party Meeting
. - A public meeting in the interests
pf the. Provincial Party will be. held
in.the Greenwood Theatre bn June"
17that :8 p.m. ;;C. A; S,.Atwood,.
Provincial Party candidate,' Major;
Gray and others, will, address the .
meeting., All electors cordially iri-;
vited;-""WWT--.-"":-r:.7'"'W "~'yz ;
7  Liberal Meetings
..E.f C. -Heuniger,7 liberat ���candidate, .and "Miss. A.. Sutherland,
barrister^ will speak in the Green-,
wood Theatre ori * Friday, 7june
.13th.;'L:;Other-meetings will be. at,
Beaverdell .pti Monday, June 16th ;f
Bridesville, Wednesday, June IS;..
Riverside,. Thursday,' June 19th.
All meetings opened  at 8, p.;m..
All electors are cordially invited...
Farmers Annual Picnic
At the monthly meeting of the
ditsrict United Farmers, committees,
were iappointed to make arrangements for their, annual picnic on
Dominion Day,, July 1st-at Ingram
Bridge. . There will. be athletic
sports and junior baseball. The
programme will be. published next
week. ���-.'=.   ���".-. '';���"���'.
Sam Lee, the laundry man, h as
moved to Midway.. He intends
calling inGreenwood once a week
for laundry, yy. 7;; "���_-���
to the; Electors of Grand: Forks-Greenwood Riding
The time at mj .disposal' is not sufficient to permit my calling personally upon every elector in this
riding, I am therefore taking this means of soliciting
your votes and support 'at,the coming election.
J.Being practically  free. from. ;private;.'business
. connections, I can honestly promise .that, If elected,
I will be able tagive every needed attention.to* ydiir
f"interests.:7 Xy-'-X- )-���'-:}':'._ WvW-W'w^xV'^ xV-Xx^Xx   Xy
V)xVxxVVx)Vy}VyxVz)Vyyx��;-& THE      LEl'XJE.     GREENWOOD.     B.     0.
You can cither take our
word for it, or experiment for
yourself, but   you  will  find
BLUE RIBBON TEA
is in a class by itself���-Try it.
Britain Snows The Way
Groat Britain continues to be .tlio wonder of the world. Those who said
her people were decadent, and that the foundations of her financial, moral
and physical life were crumbling, have her answer in the Empire's record
during r.nd since the Groat War. Asking no favors she is paying her debts
to the last farthing and her credit is unquestioned. While other nations have
quailed beneath the burdens they have had to bear, Britain has shown the
world ihai she is .still able lo triumph over great, obstacles and turn seeming
defeat into victory.     A British paper sums it up in this way:
"Those in charge of the public purse since the first year of peace have
reduced the expenditures of the country from over ��2,000,000,000 a year to
but Utile over ��SOO,000,000. The staff in tho Government ofiices have been
so greatly"reduced that there are now only ten per cent, .more oflicials at work
than before the war. And here it must be remembered that the work of the
public administration has been enormously increased owing to the pensions
and other services introduced during aud caused by llie war. Though nearly half our income goes to the payment of interest on debt, we have in three
years out of income reduced our debt by ��-150;000,000. Since the Armistice
we have nearly halved the floating debt. It was ��1,500,000,000. It is now
only ��SOO,000.000. We have paid off, in addition, all our foreign debt, except to America. We have balanced our budget and we have established a
sinking fund. These things have been hard to do, but we have maintained
the credit of the country." " '.
Ramsay MacDonald, the Labor Premier, is maintaining this credit;    Many
problems had to be faced by Britain during last year.     Strikes and unemployment had fo be dealt with, and millions of pounds were paid out in doles
and pensions.     Her army and navy had to be provided for, and she had to
meet the expenses required for administration of the Empire, which comprises
a quarter of the world's territory and a third of its population.
.... , - In the. face, of all .(his, t.he.surplus of- ?:MO.pOO.0OO has been produced, the
-llo'ii'Ung debt.redncedrby- $.17-3,000,000. anil.food.iaxes 'considerably.lightened.' '.
.  '���������' Brilafin/siaridi. for progress," anil :whil.i\other'na.tioh's,hav.e_"..'cen"eng;ig'ed in
.fii-liy "sti'ifo.-'.sht!. has-nor been, afraid to- disarm."'-' Tolling-'. foiWeaee aiid :r_o-.
���'(.���onslnici'ioiv.'.she is today, ah-Empire o (.which-.her people are proud."      'X-X
;." "-"   What- a'.'-br-ight example has been set-in  (he:-fearlessness of-her denio:.
���i cracy.    ���'-Tlie creating -of free-nations.within "a .nation, welding' together.- and"
coiisolHating the'people of'-l'ar^flung -countries'into one vastfun.iie.d'empjre- on
.;which'the.,sun''never'sets,''-    .-'       .""" / ~ .'������-.��� '"   , ���-. .; /--..    '"'
"���"   .-"Addressing'a gathering-at.an"-.Empire'   Day ������meeting.-held   .in   London;
Colonial 'Se..n.>iary Thomas said'ih'ere.eould be-no shadow of doubt/that there
-  was ho nation in-.ihe-world: whose record stood higher," for aH'.ifh.ii/ was.'goo.d
and nob.lf in life-than ihe-record of.ihe British- Empire, '. ThesUiddils he was;
addressing'had just".sung '"Land "of Hope and Glory."- and. referring .to this
. fa.ct. tho ���speaker.', saiil. tliat" his one .aim and "hope was lo.heip-to'jniake -our
Entire a"_ari(rot_hbpe and.glory���-hope for. those who luiv.e' believed- we could
-- havv.;. world'-"peace; ..hope'i'or .those who -have Teityt hat', social Jnjusl ice "muslVbd;
'��� "re'iVigyeiV; and hope' for'(hose, who are dOw.h-irodden; ihat .ihcy-'may reel a hat
.'they-wiH"he,giyen""a chance.  "In'short, we should have'hope1 aiul. belief-in the.
-"-fact,,that this'Empire" of-purs 'is ho'pthe preserve,or'monopoly- of-arelass or
:  creed,-.but something-Uiat-l>e"l6hgs So us,, thai must-be maintained anil'defend''-.'
'���i'ecl by .'us,- and.made .worthy bf~"tis"=all.    ' .'    ."- . '.-- '.   ./-���"" '-���
Tourist  Traffic To  Be  Heavy
He^vy Tourist Traffic Is .Expected In
Alberta This Season
Expectations are for a very heavy
tourist traffic to Alberta this season.
The railways are preparing for a largo
influx- of tourists to the mountain
parks, which will be open shortly and
the various auto club's in Alberta have
indications of heavy motor tourist
travel. The Mounted Police Pageant
and celebration at Maeleod, the Stampede at Calgary, and the Stampede
and Exhibition at> Edmonton, are
events which are expected to attract
many visitors. The Mounted Police
Pageant is on July 1, 2 and 3, and the
Calgary Stampede is in the week ot
July 7, with the Edmonton events the
week following.
Stops Coughs, Colds
Sore Throat in a Night
^
#CGNSTiPAX'ONi x
4illMDl6EStlON,p3
WWffOWfLSV7"W
Think of a medi-
Higher Education Pays
Investigation Shows College Men More
Successful On Farms
The old tradition that farming
could be carried on just as successfully without higher education as
with it appears to have broken down
under investigations recently carried
on. The Kansas Agricultural College
took the initiative and on a question
covering 1,237 farms in that state
found that the annual earnings of far-
British
cine  so  healing,  so , .     .    ,,
balsamic and antl-'mers havinE a common sch��o1 educa"
septic that every ��� tion was $422; of those with high
trace of cold and! school education, $554; those with a
soreness goes before'      Ual co]lege course, $S59; and those
CAT 4 R It H 6- v'T'tu lul1 college course, $1,452. All
ZONE" is so certain > succeeding investigations in other
in catarrh, bronchi- j states showed practically the same re-
tis, that every case; sults when it came t0 the queslion
ls relieved promptly.     . ���     , . , .
Experiment   no 0l modern conveniencss and lmprove-
' ments, the college men were always
ih the lead by fifty per cent, or more.
Perhaps it is the more ambitious men
who get the education. Maybe they
would lea.d in any case. But with
data so widely gathered the conclusion seems clear that education is an
advantage In every way. Man is designed to be something more than a
drudge or "a hewer of wood and a
drawer of water." Anything that enhances the value of his manhood is
good and a permanent available asset.
���From the Amherstburg Echo.
longer ��� success is
guaranteed if you use CATARRHOZONE���a veritable death to catarrhal
diseases, because it destroys their
cause and remedies their effects.
Delightful and simple to use, quick
to act, sure in results. Better get
CATARRHOZONE today. Large
size, sufficient for two months' treatment, price $1.00; small size 50c. At
all druggists. Refuse a substitute for
CATARRHOZONE. By mail from
The Catarrhozone Co., Montreal.
Farmers and Monopoly
Price Is Usually the Factor That
-   Governs Production
We may reason that a certain group
of farmers should produce the wheat,
another group corn, another group
dairy products, and so on, but it will
be found that no power will keep men
producing a certain kind of farm product when some other pays better.
Price is the greatest force in influencing tho kind and quantity of farm product produced.
Wages aro relatively higher in the
city than they are in the country. This
causes a movement of the people from
the farm to the city. We may well
reason that the people will be better
off to remain on the farm, that the
disparity between the prices of farm
products ancl other commodities cannot last. Nevertheless it is but natural- for people to seek the occupa-
tipns that will return them the greatest income.
Those who feel that through cooperative effort" a farm monopoly will
be established, forget that if any farm
product becomes relatively higher
than some other it stimulates an increased production which would do-
feat any form of organization attempting to establish a monopoly. Every
sensible farmer and every thinking
business man knows there is no such
thing as a farm monopoly.���Hoard's
Dairyman.
Plan Metal Seaplane
Refuelled   In
Craft Will Be
Mid-Air
The march of progress goes on
apace in aircraft construction and research now proceeding aims to evolve
winged ships of metal with staunch
sea-going" hulls, which' will be able to
'stay.out cruising, fly. over oceans,.antl
bnly.re.quire toreplenish fuel occasion",
'ally .from some,- surface ..tender.--,""
��� .���. Secret' "developments Jn ��� metal "construction;, will-be incorporated- in the.
new planes,,wliich:. ;wi!i "be ".larger
than' those 'just tested ., to. carry. "12=
passengers;, at .7100 "' .miles ah; 'hour..
Refuelling- iii mid-air frorii; airplane
tankers'"by "means "'of flexible'-tuba
devices.. is . to/be"'deveolped "ori the
new air" boats.. " '   - -    .'-   -7'. "'   ".
^v^^&^m.
passed to.^W^Waliy lat meat.,
taking it with m��Hj:^m. aml aids in
^stimulates the digestion
.assimilating, your
food.
Sfk ������*(&
ifgJSs
mMn
^fyXi
SMP Enameled Ware has
the smooth, surf ace. and polish of
finjj crockery���without the breakage. And it is so very easy to cl^an
*���just like china, and therefore
inakes light work of pot washing.
Try this test Take an SMP
Enameled Ware saucepan and'an
all-metal sauce pan of equal size.
Into -each pour a quart7 of cold
water. Put oil the fire at the same
' 'tim&Wp^
���v hoiling'iner^^
' ,-$3^fe -''O^iitieat-.-iS"'- j^j^t:---&e:g-fiiiiiiig' to
^siMM^XXxy^yMiXxiyxyyxy..    .w
/ ^^Pa^^ofi^reMam; fiJsief ,��}iftjp<if:ipf. Steel'* ���
:y;^ret';S:nhft^i;^!i^l.M^T4.yiwo}e9^U at ��ear_y -���
.-���'it!��T/en.*B3<(I 'inaWe!'and Sat,,' Diamond .lustre, three  -
-iicSiti,* Iirftt: !>!tie.'..-au��:A;. wfeite.fttutsMi-,: w{.iti7Sm5nr*".
:������ -''.C!rjfst-ii-:W��rc.' tJif *��;::coats��-:. par��-.'ir!iita ������ Ssuid* !_��nd
7��Bfe;W$th.:����^yBltse;e<S��ri:^ ;. ;--,'-"������-L- -
'.'Miller's-_ Worm- .Powders-, ..are. tho'
medicine-: for .children- who are-'found
suffering froni- the' ravages:pt' worms;
Thev;immediately?.alter..the' stomachic
condition's, tinder:' which . "the " worms,
subsist "and .-drive; them. from, the sys
tern, :and(; at "the same time, they- are
.loiiical in their effect upon'the diges;
tive.--organ's',-'i est.o.-ing' them to 'healthful opera tion .and- ensuring; -immunity
froni further'""disorders 'frornvsuchfa
-cause.   -    - '. - -'���;'���' .--"--;..-    "���   -       ���"'" -
Cuts and Bruises Disappear.���When
suffering from cuts, scratches, bruises,
sprains, sore throat or chest and any
similar ailment, use Dr. Thomas's Eclectric Oil. Its healing power is well-
known in every section of the community^ A bottle "of.Dr. Thomas Eclectric..Oil should be in every medicine
chest.ready-for the emergencies that
may always-'be..anticipated.  ... ;
Was Friend Of White Man
Memory:   .Of   .Indian..'.Chief.    Peguis
���-Honored-By" Monument >-
���;-' In co'rnmemoratiou of the good work
pf Peguis,-"chief?:of-"the ..SauUea'ux' In-"
dians,- the _-"white. man's friend arid'a'
faithful Christian;". a-.'monument rwas
.unveil.ed.in'Kildonan Parlt'oh Yictoria
Day by'Sir "James Aikins.".Lieutenant-
' Government of" Manitoba. - 'A notable
gathering .of Ited.River.Valley, pion1
eers; including, many .members., of .the
Peguis" trihe, attended the .'ceremony;-
Chief Henry- Prince,fgrandson of.Chief
Peguis,- was"present.-.' "��� 7 ..-.-' ,-..,
.: The monument, was .erected by the
Lord-Selkirk Association.';i_ ������
.. It is. really-, a ^'simple thing to remove -ypin. corns, aud "without .pain,
if7yo"u applyff'Putniuh's "Painless Corn
'���Extractor.- it, acts llkefmagic, lifts
-put. the corn,'-root"arid branch",>leaves
the skin sriiooth as-s.ilki' -No-failure
with "'.'Putnam's," .-25c everywhere.-' -
Exploits Off D'Oisy?:
Stir French Aviators
Attempts at -Recordf Plights-Are-Soon.
'"' "" .' ...-'.To Be Made ',_ 7 ' -
The exploits fof- Captain Peiretter
D'Oisy," the. French' airman who 'flew
from;Paris to,Shanghai,'have so,stirred-' French aviators . that various- at:
tempi's .at record flights are soon" to be
riiadef." 'Co.l.-fVuillemln.isfcoritemplat-
irig a'flight across. Africa to the"Cape
of Good "Hope it is. understood'.-; Lieut,
be Peyser. ^'xpect.s"-th3';govnrnme'rit to
'authorize'- a [ -trip " to"- the -North -Pole,
A:-Severe Attack
Oi Heart Trouble
'   -7.Was- Relieve i, By 7 7
V.; MILBURN'S? V'7--;
Heart andi Nerve Fills
Coming Events
List of Dates For Some of the Forth-
,,       coming Summer Fairs
Manitoba^ Summer ShoiK, Brandon,
June -30 to July 5.
Calgary Summer Show  and  Stampede, July 7 to 12.    ~
Edmonton Summer Show, July 14 to
19. .,       ,;   ,
Saskatoon Summer Show, July 21 to
26. ' (-
Regina  Summer  Show,  July 28  to
Aug. 2.
Saskatchewan Corn    Show,   Swift
Current, Nov. 19 to 20.
Manitoba Corn Show, Melita, Nov.
(date to be named).
Alberta Corn Show, Medicine Hat,
Nov. (date to bo named).   ���
;-The Royal Toronto, November 1S-26,
3924; '������'..-. ;���-'      , ���   - ������- -   -'Xx ' :
If Tormented With Corns
;":���-��� WUse Good Old "Putnam's"
7Jw Secret op
Successful Baktng]
consists very largely of
choosing a baking powder whose leavening
qualities are uniformly
reliable.
Magic Baking Powder
is the powder that never
fails you. This is ths
reason why it is by far
the most popular baking powder in Canada.
MACIC
BAKING
POWDER
Producing Blood Oranges
Fruit    Is    Cross    Between    Ordinary
Orange and Pomegranate
It has been recorded of George III.
that he once asked: "Tell me, how do
the apples get into the apple dumplings?" The answer to that question
may be simple enough, but should we
all be able to reply with equal readiness if someone inquired of us:
"Who put the blood In the blood
orange?"
The fruit commonly called blood
orange is really a cross between tha
ordinary orange and a pomegranate.
The juice of the latter is dark red in
color, ancl when an orange tree branch
is grafted into the pomegranate tree.
the resulting fruit takes the form of
the orange, hut shows.traces of.the
juice of the larger fruit.   . ,   -    -
"���:. There is a difference in the flavor,-
but it requires a very keen palate to
detect .the-sharper taste, of the pomegranate..; f The juice- off any.' orange,
blood "or ordinary, is an antiseptic/and.
.most/beneficial;to the system.'.-.
,'7Mr.'7 S."' E. - Barnes,'.Athens, Ont.,-
writes;.'���"Four, years ago I had a.;very,
severe attack-, of heart .trouble. '- I
consulted .my.doctpr;, he treated, mai
for sbhie time,-but-1 only,'seemed-to
be getting'.worse; .��� I finally went'to
our" -druggist' "and '"-purchased-. three
Thumb Is Index To Mentality
Tendency to Insanity Ruts.the Thumb
Out of Action-".-
The thumb"'is. said,to be an excellent, indicator ."of- character. '. . Those"
who are.In full,possession of all"their
faculties"-niake good .use""- of. their,
thumbs. '"."Wherever, there .is a~ tend-
eney'to insanity this generally.useful
and" active metnber.falls-out.^of-,work.
.A physician in'charge;6f a.lunatic asylum "states' positvely.lhatjf/you see a
.person'whose^thu/nb remains inactive
���standing a.t"; right -angles and-taking
ho, part infthe act of writing, salutation or manual'exercise generally���
you may be, sure'that he has ,'a diseased mind.'.. lie: may talk " intelligently- and-appear'saue in .every' re-'
sp'ect.but undoubtedly a tipge of madness Is'lurking-within his'brain. .  ...7
;_w.hich.lie is;planning to make. '. Capt. 1 boxes of Milburn's "Heart and Nervo
Dagneaux.ph'.ns I.o fly. from7Fn1.hce-.10 pills and- derived ' immediate .- relief
Ma'da'gascar,7-'whil.e7.Capt". Girie"-'wants from' their-use,", and-1, can truthfully
to" perform' thb'f'stunt" of ���"leaving Paris "say they' are .a wonderful medicine. .1
in- the., morning,; lunching .in"Algiers'.-"always."keep-.a'-box'- on hand,..and- if,I
arid-.returning to Paris for .tiinhe'r", or
covering";.3,600. "idlomet'res' by^airpiahb"
-in,6ne.-da}'-.^ .. -,  ���-  -" ���"    ���''���';   , " ���''"<"��� -.���['.
XzyXfj^NTti&diZ^f^^ X'X.
Stock For Prince's Ranch;
Shipment .Includes Seven Hunters'and
-"-., .. ' Small .Dartmoorf Pony -' -..,������,
- 'A number f-.'.of-". valuable.; pure-bred^
.sires-and niares ,_ belonging, ."to. the
Prince'of Wales "haye been'shipped
froni Liverpool ..aboard the ' steamer
Gracia,' enroute to-the Prince's ranch
in-Cahada for breeding' purposes."
Tlie. consignment was purchased by
the ranch manager, \Y. h. Carlyle.
when, on-his rfcent visit to England,,
anil:-comprises four.: Clydesdales, in-
ciuciing:>' the_Xthrce-yearrold "stallion,
Baron. Blackwood-; seven-.-hunters,f.in-
cludingth'e- w;ell- kn'6wn7sieeple'ch'aser;
Irish Frieze;1 ;"and" a" Daftmoorfpony.
The pony-is so small ..that." itf-was
brought to the.sttamer-.in.a wooden
crate.;-  ���'   " -- ���". f "'- ���.-"'���.-".' "- ������'   -
feel'out of-sorts.I take.,a' few pills arid
"Yee.l-ais right' again.'-'V'. X--X Xy   -- X-'i.
-; Milburn's Heart.and Nerve Pills ara
'50c a.box at all".dealers,   or   mailed
direct   on .receipt of price'by- The-T,
Milburn Co., Limited,' Toronto,'.Ont
-'���" .- X". Better':To: Stop,-""
- Much better to stop at ��� the crossing
and-cuss-if you want, to than-have, the |
coroner' poking- into yo"ur to- see. what
went wrong.;.   "_       -}'���- '���_     '.'' '; -.
''..'Lunch For the Man ��� .__��� -.-���
,'It.is always a problem to-make up
rt ������'tasty..'and " nourishing." luhch.7 A
-reader sends- us this letter on. 'the. subject: f -' X '_ '"x.z 7 -. :"-'. f ; v 7-;';..'
: .-'"My-fhusband',.as a rule, hate's'-sand-
wiches","but this'on'e never;r_ills to call
"forth .words- off-recomnieiitiation���btie
"hard bbile'd. egg, one'-lialf"tlie .amount
or salt .meat (ham/corned beef,;diied
beef, or cooked'-bacon):7 vGrihd -the
egg and the" meat.--. Season to-.taste
with :s"ait,"pepper," mustard,fahd a-few
drops' 6f vinegar/-,' Molsteii to. spread,
with Bprden^St. Charles-;Milk. -...Serve
on.a crisp- lettuce-leaf..(wlth-a little
onion, - chives, or celery - chopped- in
witli it, if you-like)';/ "Allow, one egg
for each 'three/sandwiches." ;, 7 >-:.   .--.
' Old Drav/bridge Discovered/'7.""
���7 As "fiive . ���, result;- of/excavations, "at
-Trent ���"- Park/ '.'.the-", residence "/of���:} Sir
.Phiiix),-SaSspbn/.a.;,.drawbridge, of- great
antiquity, has "been/discoyered.,-Roman
daggers and fsahdals/and./some quaint
hprsi-shoes falso. La^e:';been/ unearthed;
According:; to"' tiadiiiqn, pick Turpin
:use,ii to hide'ia;-.th"e..moat/iii"tliis park.
It will Relieve a Co.ii.���Colds.are
the - commonest, ailments ��� of,-mankind
and-, if-' neglected - may "lead tb's'eribus
conditions.' Dr. Thomas' f /Eclectric
Oil wiil relieve the bronchial passages
of inflammation'speedily" and-   thor
ouglily    and   'will    strengthen    	
against subsequent attack..     And -as j-hbuses in Peru, ancl it frequently .hap^
it eases the' inflammation it will usual-,     ns that a COw passes her whole life
irritation, in the -.throat.-:,. -��� 1 ry;;.it." and ^"."-.'v   ' .
, Cows Live High ���
��� A Lima" shoe dealer was .killed re-'
cently  v.h'esi a-fcow  fell- throughVtlie
roof :ol" his house into" thedining room,
them I Animals- often 'are* kept on; top-"of -tlie
PALAWAN CHEEKS xxy.
7 ANDDULLEYES
Isf- Proof   That   the . Biood .is . Thln-.-
��� --".   ^  -" and Impure- .   f   . -
-It.is the "blood'-tliat/gives'color ,-to
.the cheeks and lips,/as well/as bright-.
ness to the "eyes'. ���'7if.your'blood-gets-
thin the.color will fade.and the eyes   ,
grow, dim. .   By/the time this happens
you will notice that  -you"  tire '- easily,
.and'" are   subject   to'.headaches and   -
.backaches, for: the blood goe3 every-
fwhere and_th'e ealire.'systera,feels tha
-effects when/it "becomes' tliin7 Dr: WH-f ""'"
. Hams'Pink Pills contain the .cle'mbnta/-
necessary to,eprich the blood.'and this" _
better blood strengthens.: the."'.nerves ~-
and,all.the organs of the body,' brings'
a glow of health! tb the' cheeks,: brightness tb. thc, eyes'.and a general fe.eling
of renewed".health and strength-.  ,Misa7
Florence    Johnson,'.  Stratford,.   Ont,
who has. proved tho value "of Dr. Wil-  :
lams' Pink-'.Pllls;Iri eases of this kind,
says:-r-"A few years "ago I..waa greatly run-down; niy blood, was very poor
and'-my .nervous "system in bad. shape.-
Tlie .doctor-said my..condition. .was due
to improper dlsf-and lack of fresh air.- ���
1'then.commenced eating-the food he.
advised and went but daily for a.walk. -
I fdidf not improve",: however,-, and' wa3 -"-
much discouraged. ' " A friend advised
���me-to-try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.- _ I -
lost no time in'getting a supply and .
.can-truthfully, say   that. when. I/liad
finished the first-box. I'could note "an
.improvement   , From then-; on-the "pro-- -
gross was-steady..     My. coitiple.xioh, ���
which, had been .pale, and sallow, bo- .
gan to. take.on u healthy glow, I-felt
a-great deal stronger and my appetite7
bccamo/normal, ami .soon"' my' health".'
was f fully- restored. 7. Before using Dr;
Willianis' Pink"Pills;. 1 did   not   know,
any thing: about their/wonderful "quail-"",
ties, but now I recommend..then!to all
.suffering - from', similar ailments."- ''������'':'
..--You'..can./get' these piilsf from .any, -
medicine deaieroir- by mall-at GO centa. -
ar box from The ;Dr. WiUiams'. Medi-..
cine/Co., Brbc'kvjlle, Ont..."   ','   ���   "-;   -
prove it.
yWXTXyzp.ylopX
Largest Australian F_ari'ch....':
The biggest purchase of "pastoral
property' ever-recorded... in . .Western
Australia ;has'- been ,-made /by ;-Sir
Richard .Waidie Griffith,.who recently
bought two properties' "eacli; consisting of about 560,000 acres., 7.The pastures,- for .'.which/.tlie/price, of" SSO'o.OOO
was, paid,'have bee.si enclosed with;.70O
miles of fencin^acd" 50.paddocks have
;been'built/;:.?':.,- -. '-''''"'r,:-.-;-; '.������''���*���-"yX;y~- /
and :finally>-brought; down- as ...fresh
hcefz:yXy'XX:Xy:Z Xx-X;"'XZ''''--. V-.
'The last t<ki. presidents' 'pf the.Unit-'
ed States who have died had an aye'r?
age length of iife of fil.9 years:.;. Then,
ten .'presidents who .preceded '- them
lived "to an".average of 6S.5-years.',and.
the first six reached an average oi
.79.6:years.;." :X[: yXy.-XX [X '.77
GHIIMEICRY;M "CASTORIA"
Especially;; Prepared^for infanls and Children pf AH Ages
Minard's X fUinimenti -; /the; ".-"Athlete's
7'-// ���;R,rni'-e*/.7:-'7:/. Xyx XXX: :x- y
. Motherl. Fletcher's. Castprli. has
6een k-'tife for "oyer 30 years as a
pleasant/ harmless; substitute for
Castor-Oil, Paregoric,; Teething Drops
and Soothing Syrups:'-:',;Contains no;
carcoticsf'-\ Proven directions, are oa
I ��acb' packaee. ������"':���.''- Ffeystcians.-1' erery-.
wbere re.commenil It.     The-kind yof
haye always bought bears signaturft q=
;.. >
S- ��� '��� THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD.     B.     0.
*7'1
Suggestion Made For
Creation Of Rational
Farm Loan Board
WESTERN EDITORS
Ottawa.���Emergency legislation lo
authorize the Dominion, Government
to make loans to the provincial governments *for use through the provincial loan organizations, was suggested
by Dr. H. M. Tory, president of the
University of Alberta, and author of
the recent report on farm credit, be-
for the Commons banking and commerce committee. The loans should
be guaranteed, lie. said, by the provinces. Dr. Tory thought that all that
would be necessary would be to get
parliamentary permission. The' details might be left to be .worked out
by the Dominion Government.
As a basis for this proposal, Dr.
Tory summarized his main conclusions
on the permanent problem. He laid
down these principles:
(1) The farm loan board principle,
$s operated in the United States, was
Bound, and could be applied to-Canada.
(2) Government help would be re-
uuired in the way of capital.
(3) He- had serious doubt of the
soundness of direct loans by the government.
(4) Therefore, an effort should be
made to establish a national farm
loan board for the purpose of supervising the bank or banks which
would absorb the existing "provincial
government loan organizations.
(5) This bank should be capitalized by governments, Dominion or
provincial, and by private capital, if
obtainable. In the United States no
private subscriptions were obtained
for capital, but plenty was available
for bonds. The loan should also be
financed on bonds.
(6) Interest rates should be regulated, and divided rates in the bank
or banks fixed. The loans should he
amortized, and there should be steps
taken to secure a, sense of responsibility on the part of the borrower;
In-'.reply ...to��� Hon. H. H. Stevens
(Conservative,. Centre Vancouver),
Dr. Tory said ho did not think a permanent plan could be drafted before
the end of the present session;
"Have the local governments made
any application for ���- help from the
Dominion?" asked Dr. McKay, of-Renfrew. . ' '-"'"' 7 .-..' ' " ' W '
7 Dr. Tory; replied that the "provinces
were awaiting .the result of.the proceedings in the'Commons,/and were
. looking forward to a conference With
..the Dominion.
Gf C. Coote (Progressive, MacLeod),
analyzed western farmers into three
classes;"'.-. .-.-. .-   '7; ."��� ���-.,���:���-
- ' (1)  Those who",had good-security
'and could get.loans';-���" '-.'���. ���'-'/ .  '"   -
.-'���" (2). Those ��� wjip-.carinot get . loans,
but7'are not insolvent;- .".
(3) Those who are, insolvent.-'
. . . He ".did not; care ...to/; estimate. the
.number' in- each .class,. But .quoted, an
estimate given 'to. him/as'-one'-thlrd in
.each:'... He - urged, the- "rieed of. some
legislation to enable -the' fanners to
get advantage-of the Bankruptcy Act.
& Peace With Turkey :;
. State Of.War Ended -With Signing Of
;��� Lausanne -Treaty"  ���
��� Ottawa,���The- "government" .attitude
In regard to the/treaty "of Lausanne
.was further outlined in the Senate
when Senator' Griesbach-asked'whethr
er ."Canada.- was still 'at war- with .Tut":
key, and'if not,'by what act had the
war been-brought to" a- close. -
Senator " Dandur'and, leader of the'
government,"replied that Canada- liad
entered on- war with Turkey when war
had been' declared, by'His Majesty', on
. Turkey, or -by Turkey on- His. Majesty.
A state, of war had ceased to exist
frecently/when His- Majesty had ratified'  the -.Lausanne."  Treaty .of peace
r'.with 'Turkey.'" -' - -      -."���.-���" '���=" -   '' -:"-" ..
fPor Prohibition Enforcement--,
���'..'-.\VashIngloh.~A-.brand new Congressional -investigation, directed at
prohibition- enforcement; . was .deter-,
mined upon by the .. House alcoholic
liquor-traflic fcprnmittee.. The'.'com-
-mittee.designates.. a; sub-ebniihittee,
with 'instructions to-go-into all phases
of the liquor law .situation; including
rum smuggling and charges of abuse,
of the present" system.   . .-.'-'
Offers Large Grant For
Mental Hygiene Research
Toronto.���"The Canadian National Committee for Mental Hygiene, has received a grant of
375,000 from the Rockefeller Foundation, for research, experimentation and demonstration in mental hygiene, says an announcement by the committee, on con-
edition that an equal amount should
be provided from Canadian
sources for similar purposes. "The
Rockefeller Foundation also stipulates that studies be conducted
for a period of live years in apply-,
ing mental hygiene principles to
school children.
Brilliant State Ball
Buckingham    Palace    is    Scene    Of
Splendor In  Honor Of Italian
Royalty
London.���The state ball given by
King George and Queen Mary at Buckingham Palace in honor of the visit of
King Victor Emmanuel and Queen
Helena, of Italy, was on even a greater scale of lavish splendor than the
recent ball tendered their own subjects. The function was the culminating social event in connection with
the visit of the Italian sovereigns.
Large crowds of Italians gathered
in the precincts of the palace, where
they were entertained with selections
of music played by the band of the
Coldstream Guards.
(King George and Queen Mary and
King Victor Emmanuel and Queen
Helena, after the procession to the
ball room, during which the national
anthems of Great Britain and Italy
were played, led off in the quadrille,
and all the members ofthe royal
party; participated ; in' . the ordinary
programme of the ball which followed.
The state apartments were beautifully decorated with flowers and
shrubs. A' guard of honor of the
Coldstream- Guards' were -mounted at
the entrance'of the palace. ��� The ball
room presented a dazzling display
of . jewels," the- royal " visitors having
brought / with them the . priceless
crown jewels of^the House of Savoy
and also specially ihade ball dresses,
the work of Italian designers.
The;gU2Sts included large numbers
of .."members . of foreign embassies
especially, the;Italian .embassy,.representatives'of the British - Government,
.headed.- by- Premier MacDonald, who
had with him his"da"ughter,"Ishbei,.'a'nd
the 'leaders, of -all -ranks' Pf society.1 '
G. C. Duman, Editor and Proprietor of
The Maii, DrumheUer, Alberta.
ASTHMA
Spread 'liniment on brown .'paper
'and-apply to throat, also'-lnhale:;.
Brown EnclsTermsAs
Lord High Commissioner
Old-��� M'in��r'�� arid   IKIs -Wife- Return -io
.-��� 7���'-. -'��� .Humble Cottage/"'-- , '-."-"
. Edinburgh.���'Jamie" Brown's - term
as Lord "High" Commissioner to "the
Geneva! Assembly, of'the Church, of
Scotland, has ended; . The. old miner
and .his wife have returned to- their
humble; co't'tage-honie at'Aiinbank,-automatically divested pf their- temporary titles anj3 dignities, wliich, by/universal testimony they bore .with, great
eiliciency,. ino.desty' and dignity/ ��� In
his farewell address to the -General
Assembly of. the church- "Jamie"
tpuchingly- testified'1 lo Divine help in
discharging his duties, ..and heartily
thanked the members bf the Assembly
and tlie'.public ' for "their unbounded
kindness-and goodwill./'/,, -,.. -'.; -.
: ".We" bayei been received everywhere
with open arms "by ' air../classes,, lie
said..'-'.. 'voisr visit-has. been a continuous. pleasure and ..the'memory' of. our
sojourn :will; .remain '"with" us"; as ��� -an
abiding joy." ���_.'- ���'::'.""    "': . ���        "../.-. 7
. Traihm^i;- Wage/Negotiations
. Montreal.���The putting into, effect
in Canada.,of 'the;same wage, concessions recently--put into-effect on principal lines'in the United- States for engineers, -'-firemen, conductors and trainmen, 'is' the/sum- totai/of'the' request
made., by tlfe, executives- of'the" Order
ot' ' Railway -.'Conductors- .and , the
Brotherhood, of. Railway Trainmen,, at
!��� the" wage conference with the'operating'-committee of the Railway Assri;
eiaiion of Canada.
W.-' N.--U."",ia27
r./-/Lbiidfln .'Sti 11.- Financial, Centre"; -_��� ..
���;' Londob.~-Sir / John  Aird,,' president
Canadian Bank bf -Commerce,, in an; interview in; the, Financial   Times;;/ex-
|pressed; ih^/opinion/.that New /York
: would ��� never, supplant London. as "the
monetary/and: financial ..centre/pf the
world. / fWith the increasing stabilization / of   exchange, Sir John said,
CaDada wxmid ggain turn... to London
[for, loan' flotations.'"'-..-������ .-���.���/"./-/._"'Y- i'-y
C N R DEFICIT
IS REDUCED BY
SUBSTANTIALSUM
Ottawa.���It was in terms of optimism that Hon. G. P. Graham, minister
of railways, presented to the House
the annual slatement of the Canadian
National Railways and the Canadian
Government Merchant Marine. He
gave comparative results for last year
and the year previous.
On all Canadian ,National Railway
lines (including the Central Ver-f
mont) . he gave the net operating
revenue as:
1923, $21,1S7,462; 1922, ?3,993,237;;
increase, $17,194,225.
After usual deductions and additions
involved in taxes, rentals, hire of
equipment, etc., total income before
fixed charges was:
1923, $13,364,875; 1922, $1,499,782;
increase, $11,865,093.     ;     ..
. Fixed charges. during the year in
creased from $60,196,693 to $66,144,-
226. The total1 deficit, after, fixed
charges, was:
1923, $52,779,350; 1922, $58,696,911;
decrease, $5,917,561. .
. The Canadian Government . Merchant Marine" had a deficit last year,
after all charges,, including depreciation, and Interest, of $9,368,670... This
is an Improvement of. $280,808; over
the.previousVear. . ' . '..'. : '/.";,.���.
"Mr. Graham drew .attention "to/the
point" that as a "result- of' the -year's
operations, the .railways, themselves'
had been able/to provide.$13,364f875.
'(an - improvement.. in round .figures
over" the .previous, year, of twelve millions) towards fixed/charges due the.
PUbliC.      f .   .    -." . .- "-.;
- Sir:/ Henry���. Thornton, Mr". /Graham;
said, .had mad3;.it "clear that restric/
tion .of.' maintenance--had ' played no
part-hi the i'rnprpyemcnt .last _- year"/
Mr. Graham suggested for-:" the.".consideration, of. .the House:' ; y ���;, '-" ���'--"..
_.7(i). iocr5a?_e-.9.L;ib(j ^
tors, to'-., have', a" strong executive ol
business' men-close--at 'hand who
could/be called together by'telephone
overnight."   .'���--- :, .",_
' (2).;' Whether" the " goyer.iiment
should be asked, to.guarantee equipment-securities'. '--���.���/    ���"-.:
Sale Of Shares Act
Is To Be Tested:(
��� Winnipeg.���Validity of the Sale
of Shares Act in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta will be
tested by court :.etion in all three
provinces. Tho action will be
brought by the Shareholders'
Protective Association of the
Northwestern Trust Company, in
liquidation. This was the course
decided upon when the return of
the application to settle the list
of contributories of the company
came up before George Paterson,
K.C., master of the Court oC King's
Bench. An adjournment of two
weeks was granted.
Says U.S. Offers To
Purchase Death Ray
Matthews Clatims American Government Is Interested In Invention
Paris.���Americans have entered the
race to obtain 'ihe secret of Grindell
Matthews' death ray, Matthews
claims.
With Great Britain, the inventor's
own country, and France in competition for the diabolical, invention
which, it is claimed, may revolutionize war and make the nation which
holds it supreme, Matthews gave out
that he had received a written offer
from the United States. ,  "
Other reports said ' the National
Academy of Sciences at Washington
had cabled the inventor asking particulars, and that American naval attaches here had been ordered to investigate Matthews' claims.
American ollicials here denied that
the United States Government was
in any way interested in the ray.
Meanwhile, bolh French and British
claim to have a definite contract with
the inventor entitling them to share
in the deadly ray, which kills at great
distances, explodes ammunition, destroys machinery and brings down airplanes in flames, according to
Matthews.:
apan's Solemn Protest
Against Exclusion Act
Of Immigration Law
*<a
U. S. Presidential Aspirant
WILLIAM G. McADOO
secretary of the United States treasury under President Wilson and now
himself an aspirant for the Democratic presidential nomination.
Long Term Credits
For Farmers
Dr. Tory, of Alberta, Urges Necessity
For Giving Aid to Agriculture
'Ottawa.���The necessity .for long
term- credits at uniform rates, .under
federal control, to ��� permit Canadian
farmers to finance their operations,
was suggested.by Dr.-f H. M. Tory,
president,of the University of Alberta,
and advisory' chairman "of the '.Honor;
"ary Council for "Scientific", and' Industrial Research, who-was" examined, by
the" banking, and commerce commit-,
tee of .the House' of Commons. ��� "-- .-
X Dr.. Tory . followed,-'closely"/'the.
lines .laid down- in: his report on rural
credits published..by the.Federal'Gov-
ernnient"in/April last. -- ��� '-.- "-:-_'-
'���-He-said" "that "in the United Stales,
and Canada; most of the advocates ��� of
the long term credits system-were-of
the". opinion that, only diversified fanning -would1,provide an; adequate .measure,of -security/for such loans.. In
the western states-such credits gener/.
?lly__ /Vfere .".only ;���- available tb - mixed
farmers. " '"/ '"  " -���"���-.""- '.������'/"-  ..- -./
No Financial Aid From Ottawa
Proposed-Inland Trip For British Tars
'. May Be Cancelled /
. Vancouver.���Plans of the civic committee ��� for the.reception, to the.special
service, squadron .of the British fleet
liere . next month 'were' given . somewhat "of a jolt when wires; were ': received from Ottawa that the. Dominion'Government would accept no re-
Eponsibilltjvfar /plans of. entertaining
the- fleet other" than. the two" smoldnig
concerts '. "which :- :it' had ���'.previously
agreed'tofgive themen at-Vancouver.
������ It bad-been-the understanding'by.
the commStteefthat the federal auihor-
Hie_S"would.give 240-iii'en7a'nd.4'0 officers a -trip-tp "the-Interior "as far-.east
as /Winnipeg. All '-points-"b.ctween
Vancouver and -Winnipeg were great;
ly'interested in this'proposal and were
preparing welcomes,, biit' the- wire
from Ottawa" stated- that the'govern:
ia'e&t,' recognized .no responsibility in
this connection. - /    r.
The.- provincial government: -has
made a grant of $2,500 toward the reception and the Vancouver city council has voted $S,000.
.Weekly Newspaper Men Go.Overseas
-' Monteral.���Members, .of the Canadian .-Weekly Newspapers' Asspciatiori1-
! who will .undertake-, the" t-wp months'
lrip;to Belgium, France- aridthe Unit-
fed Kingdom.after the annual.c'onvenr
tion which will terminate in Toronto,
July 7,- .now.number 178!-, Members
have, signified "their Intention of-joining/the party from as far" west as Duncan,'. B.C; and as' far east as'.Lunen-.
burg,.N.S., ..[..:���"   -.. ',-'     -'-'/. ."������-���/���
"Stefansson.ln'Australia.- f-f ���
Sydney,'; N.S.W���Vilhjahfiur, f Stefansson, the -Ar.ctic: explorer;.'who proposes : to,"explore the .wild .region of
Australia '.with the idea of ascertaining the possibilityiof cultivating them;
arrived' here - May 27.',; file was well-coined by/delegates' of ,the.-Ro|-al. Society.. .-."  -/""-' ���'../-, .: -X- -���;- '[���"-:    '-,
".Gets-.By,the./Senate'"," ���' ". ."
"X Ottiiwa.���One ., .Canadian" '. National
Railway - branch line ..bill' passed- - the
Senate committee'oh railways,.that to
provide for a .line runbing/lS. miles
from- Peebles iu" the- province, of ffiaB-
katchew.an,     .
Radio Messages Sent
Printed For Delivery
Letters As They Appeared On Telegram Form Were Perfect
Montreal.���For the first time in the
history of wireless telegraphy at sea,
radio messages have been automatically transmitted, and actually printed
for delivery lo the addressees without
human aid. Word to this effect has
been received by the local offices of
the White Star Dominion Line from
the purser of the Olympic, in. mid-
ocean enroute to . Cherbourg. The
message states that. 90 words a.min;
ute transmitting -apparatus " on.. the
ship automatically sent messages' over
a distance of .900 miles to .the land,
station at Devizes; England, whence
they were relayed to the General Post
Oflice, London.." .-.;���" - ' ' --.
.'The message.further states that th.e
printed letters as they appeared on" the
telegrarii form.ready to be delivered io
the "addressees" were'perfect..; "'   ���'���'..
U.S. Has Stiff Problem
Washington.���Japan's "solemn protest" against the exclusion section of
the new immigration Jaw was formally presented to Secretary Hughes oil
Saturday by Ambassador Hanihara,
and was made public at the state department without comment.
Coupled with the protest is tho
request of the Japanese Government
tliat the United States Government
"take all possible and suitable
measures" I'or removal of "discrimination."
The communication declares international discriminations are particularly "unwelcome" when "based on
race," and adds that discrimination ol
that character is expressed in the exclusion statute.
Tlie history of commercial agreements between the two countries, it is
declared, show that the Japanese Government has sought lo protect its nationals from discriminatory immigration legislation in the United States
which position was "fully understood
and appreciated by the American Gov.
ernment."
The Japanese Government desirei
now to point out, says the note
"that the new legislation is in entir<
disregard of the spirit and circum
stances that underlie the treaty ol
1911." It is added that the provisions
of the new law "have made it impossible for Japan to continue thc
undertakings assumed under tin
'gentleman's agreement.'"
The patient, loyal ancl scrupuloui
observance by Japan, for more thai
16 years, of these self-denying regulations, in the interest of good rela
tions between the two countries, nov (
seems to have been wasted," the pro
test continues.  , /,','
At the end, Ambassador Hanihan
appended the following paragraph:
"I' am instructed,'further, to ex'
press ..the, confidence that this communication will, be received by tht
American Government; in the sann
spirit of friendliness and candor u
which it is made,"
Metric Weight System
Adopted By Japai
Actual
Introducec
Claim /Immigrants   'Are ."Smuggled
..Across" Border .From ' Canada"-
'' Montreal.���Immigrants'-smuggled, by'
automobile., across/the. -Quebec.'. bprder
into the/United' Stales-are-fiiling'N.or-
thernf-  New    York,.. Vermont,". New
Hampshire'and Maine jails; organized
bootlegging in- aliens has been uncovered;  stiff-penitentiary/terms" are being handed out by United Stales-courts, j and .measure
to those'caiight; and tlie'United States'
immigration service is strengthening
its/frontier pairolr"���-;���;-���" ,- "-';���-���<-" ;.'-'-
. Such is-the situation; today, as -outlined- by- J-. R. Clark, .United States
immigration - commissioner; ;ih -this
district, who.-terms- the-problem facing his .organization as "gigantic."".---
; _\Ir. . Clark... pointed, put /tliat -wartime passport "-'regulations are still in,
force in-the United States,; and that
judges have, the power to impose sentences-of this offence' of ,10 years
in""the penitentiary" and ��� a, fine of
'$10,000.77.."      '   ���'   -"   f   '���' "���" .:     '-'.
Usage Will Be
..,'; ,,--���_- _. During July"
'. Tokio.���Japan is- preparing to adop-
the metric system of weights am
measures, and educational propagand.-
designed to acquaint the people will
the"system is being spread under tlii
direction of Uie "department of agricul"
lurefand'commerce.-;..    "'  --���=
Actual adoption of: the-system will
begin .'July-7.'-. Within-five years front
that -..date .all government .-depart-
liientSj factories, services and schooh
must.substitute the metric system foi
the present Japanese ,units/of ..weighl
/_M?y-.Improve  British/Ports_
London.-
Sche.mes    for.   improving
the port"facilities of, the United Kingdom "at an" "estimated, expenditure- ol.
��20,000,000" haye-been recommended .
by .a." committee, appointed by" the/Shiji-
ping Association, British .Chamber��� bt -'
Commerce,' ...nnd   the   Federation . ol;
British  Industries,', after ."."a" searching--
inquiry..into- the matter of,, the,British-
ports.-'     'y X .-;-..:���    ".. ... . . ././���'  \ ' ,-.
w Increaseln Exports >
During 1923- Canada's .Best Customer
���-"' : ; Was.United States -. ....
f Ottawa .^Canada's best'--.': customer
during.the 12 months ended_ April, was
the United-State's, it having imported
Canadian goods to-the .-value of.$429,r
265,000/ an increase over/the previous
year ;of/ :$od',OOXi;oob'. /' Canadian, pur!'
chases! from the' United States were
��596,532,000/'a.n'.increaes.;of.$41,00p;f)0p.!
"���"Canada's.-'next7.best customer- was
the. United Kingdom.'. Imports froni
the-' -United    Kingdom'' were    $152,:
7. Six Killed By Bomb .
:~ Kiiruman,/ Bechuanaiand.^W.hile -.'a"'.'
"review/of military -commands was,in
"progress here, a-bomb fell.accidenlal-'
ly from a inilifary demonstration air-
'plane into a crowd of Fpeclators," Six
persons were, killed' bulright/and ia
���injured/.-,-.,,     - .-���/ . . -'-. ��� .   ���.-/- ;   "
Wins Story Competition
'"' Toronto'.���John'. 'T. ,- Babcock;/ -Vic-'
tb'ria","B.C., was-the winner of the $200.
I.O.D.E..piize for the best blor-y- "in'thtV
Order's/annual competition.    .'-.'".-.'
plT.'-QOC,-an increase or ?7,000,000; ex
ports; lb   the   "United Kingdom ..were; ing ^as valued at.-.? i, 000,
JSoS.SoO.OOO, a'decrease.of. f^S.'OOO.OOOv^gtock at-?7,000.
Fire At Sutherland    -XyXX.-
Saskatoon.���Fire of unknown -origiff
completely destroyed'the/store of II
teitch'at Sutherland, Saekf- Tlie build
and    Ihi ���
-."..'���'-La.. Follette  Possible Candidate.
/���;Wash��ngtbn..-^--Sjena'tpr. Robert.M:"'La
Follette 'annoiinccs/.hirnself::- ready, ftp
run for the; United /States ���'pre'sidfinc-y;
on,an independent ticltet/-/ ;f/:/f.7..'-.-.
'-';Sleeping'Sickness,.!iv.Britain ':���:/������.,-.
. _London.��� In the last quarter ending
March 31,'.there:have.been.229'deaths
I In England from/sleeping sickness..;---'
l/'SA
f.P.R0^.6tE:H'ijCt6 M^WCj
(Aiso m Packages 154 & ZOi)
59 THE LEDGE, GREENWOOD, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  THURSDAY, JUNE 32,   1924
'Hon. J. D. MacLean Speaks
In a fighting speech, brim full
oE facts, hurlitig obstacles at the
McRae party, critiziug Bowser
with telling effect and showing
the many good acts passed by the
Oliver government, Hon. J. D.
MacLean in one of his best and
ablest addresses he has ever made
held an^audieuce in enthusiastic
rapture for over two hours in the
Greenwood Theatre on Tuesday
night.
Mayor T. M. Gulley occupied
the chair and in opening the
meeting said that it afforded him
great pleasure to see so many
present, more especially as there
was such little time for advertising and also considering the adverse weather.
On rising Hon. Dr. MacLean was
given a tremendous ovation and
when it subsided he said he was
glad to be once more among his
old Greenwood friends. He appreciated the compliment that
had been shown him by the large
audience. He always enjoyed
discussiug the affairs of the province, but he also found it a
great pleasure to he here in support of the Liberal candidate, E
C. Henniger. (Applause.) He
also regretted that he was not a
candidate in this riding, but
owing to the diminished population Greenwood and Grand Forks
were made into one riding and as
Mr. Henniger was already established here, Dr. McLean was
asked by the government to find
another seat and he had chosen
the riding of Yale. He was confident of victory for himself, for
his party and for Mr. Heuniger.
(Loud applause.)
The Honorable gentleman eulo
gized Mr. Henniger in very fine
terms and gave a history of his
private and business career, and
showed the many qualifications
Mr. Henniger possessed for representing the combined   ridings at
Victoria.
The speaker then launched into
the   new    party.    Some    people
called - it. the. Provincial  Party,
. '.some7the' Progressive':fparty.  but
��� he called "it"-:MrRa6's-'-.p,artj.'.-7 He
- f n atned"'. tb e\ le ader s ������ of'" that. "party:
Wnd/'sh. owed" they we're "all- cqrpor-
f /'a'tiba - lawyers.;:' He'/also/.stated
."f thatfse-venty.five" per, cent ..of- "the
.'tnen' employed -.at .'McRae's-..s,aw"-'
/mill- infGolden were Orientals and
7' on   Atwood's. ranch:-.;_ at   - Grand:
/.Forks there were all "the colors of
���-.".the rainbow.  ..,;   /- ���   -.-..--..������.
Bowsers party ' "then  "came-., in
'-"for a'ffaymg./ Dr. '.MacLean said
the the conservative" party "sold-
;-the-natural/-res6urces", of the prof;
��� yince without'settletoentf cpndi-
7"lions,.'sold..them-to.speculators in
"-other.'words.-."'Today under. Lib'er-
��� al -irule.-you cannot/buyjland' with>
��� oitt" settlement;" conditions.;...,'; The
,; Bowser 7 government' guaranteed
'-'bonds to. railway companies .and
: Vailway-contractors;"   Theyguar--
-ahteed tfaeTbonds.of the Canadian
.'.Natiorial-'Ry "for'$46,000,000" aqd
'   asVresult"of  Bowser's, railway.
, "policy" theP.-G.E.-;isf"fcostiug. - the
province -$2.$00,000/ af .year..." He
f- ��� explained -how-Bowser: ��� withf-his"
extravagant     squandering    and
;   reckless""-.-borrowing/; had   ruined
���. the credit bf .-��� the'_ prov idee. -.; He.
. .showedby.facts and figures/how.
the .Oliver; government .restored
the 'Credit and- of how -theyf had "to
��� ..reduce .expenditures aiid-/double
-.��� -taxation to/save.the-couiitry/frorh
'7f bankruptcy;.: 7 -���;-';-���" ."/ ;-'7'--",
,-' He said /that the- Bowser -Government'had negected" the'Public
-Health/and Social.Welfare.-,f.The
7<leatlis. f rom tube^colosis .in.-1916
were 2 in every 20 people. /.Today
by .sane'legislation the death/rate
wasfreduced to 1 out; off 20.'  The
��� Sanitarium at Tranquille has 250
/- bedsand-is owned and maintained
.." by the government.- Even though.
��� ���".���a patient has no-money-"/they, get
:'    the same food   and: attention "-.as
those who are.able topay/   The
;���/government' has;-also/a medical
.---; health officer' ./who""' addresses,.'or-;
.."! ..gamzations on consumption  and
/7/is doing wonder's in. the' preyen--
���ftion-of. this   dread   disease.'   In.
7; 1918. there were in thc -province
400 deaths from consumption.  In
:   1923 "this was reduced,to 379. ,.No_
-.other province  in the Dominion"
. - had- such af healthy - record."'.; Xy /���
Duricg the Bowser/regime.they
spent three and   a   half  million
��� "dollars in useless jails- and "court
houses, while the Oliver government hafd not spent half a million
in eight years, said'the doctor.
The Minister of Education" explained how he had established a
school for the deaf, dumb and
blind where 60 of these unfortunates were .taught/;to. read, and
.write.-'-, -���' ' -. - .,.'   ...,..
Continuing he/said .that ia 1914
under the government $40 out .of
every $10.0 went out for. civil/serf
vice. ..Today, under- aa ."economic
government oniy/S.lfUti e.yery $100
Was spentiii civii.:.seryiceTf7..' ���'���������'���'>
x.y -Gealing;with;the;; policy faff the/
liberal government he said they
never guaranteed and never would
guarantee the bonds of railway
companies. He spoke of Mother's
Pensions, Mmimum Wage Act,
and the S hour day law. He said
that capitalists were being attracted to B.C. and hoped thU this
part of the country wou'd share
in the prosperity that was coming all over British Columbia.
In closing he made an earnest
and strong appeal to support the
liberal candidate, E. C. Henniger
on June 20th amid tremendous
aud prolonged applause.
A feature of the meeting was
two songs by Miss Lily Pickthall
one at the-beginning of the meeting and so pleased wds the doctor
that he specially requested her
to sing another song at the close
his remarks.
NOTICE
Sprinkling rales (��3.00) are clue and
must be paid by June 15th. Pressure
enough for domestic purposes will be
allowed those who are using hose and
have not paid by the 15th.
By order,
WATER COMMITTEE.
NOTICE
NOTICE is hereby given that the statements
made by Mr. James Kerr that he has purchased
ihc '^Providence" Mineral Claim are not correct
and if Mr. James Kerr or anyone reprcseiitin"
him is found on the "Providence" Miner;"!
Claim, Lot 618, of the Greenwood Mining
Division they will be prosecuted for trespass.
DATED at Greenwood, B.C., this 3rd day of
April, 1924.
(Signed) WILLIAM MADDEN.
Send  Your
BOOTS   and   SHOES
To
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and material   guaranteed.    Wi
pay postage one way.    Terms Cash.
MINERAL ACT
Certificate of Improvements.
NOTICE -
"I5ANAXZA" Mineral Claim, situate iu the
Greenwood Milling- Divisiou of Yale District.
Where located: In Fish Lake Camp.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Isaac II. Hallett,
Solicitor, as Ag-ent for Timothy Sullivan, Free
Miner's Certificate No. 57S21, intend, sixty days
from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining
Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements,
for the purpose of obtaining- a Crown Grant of
the above claim.
And  further take notice that action, under
Section 37,  must  be  commenced    before the
issue of such Certificate of Improvements.
Dated this 27th day of March, A.D. 1924.
I. H. HALLETT.
Provincial Elections Act
(Sections 162 and 163)
GRAND FORKS-GREENWOOD
ELECTORAL DISTRICT
The following Candidates 1-ave appointed their Election Agents as follows:
Candidate, Clinton A. S. Atwood
Agent, E. F. Keir, Rincher, .Greenwood
BC.
Candidate,  E. C.  Henniger;  Age- t,
Frank B. Hetheringtou, Barrister, Gram
Forks, B. C.
Candidate, John McKie; Agent, A
F. Crowe,  Barrister,  Grand Forks, B.C
Given under my hand this 29th day
of May, 1924, at Greenwood, B.C.
GEORGE HERBERT GRAY,
Returning Officer.
Necessity the Mother of Invention
he'secret of ;mslri.ng.ends meet, is,
not..infrequently,- .the'.".difference-
: between Success and Failure.7A"dap't?f
ability- to . hard-./Circumstances- .in
J order tostudy- them with "a view to
oyercbming'.them, is'a mere steppingr-
stone to the f o.ot of the born Inventor.
.And, however- we look ;at"-tliem,
-Inventors- are' -"born" - as -well - as"
7"made".- ���   .     ..,���,.-..���..-   ���}-���   '~  ,
- iAn .Inventor "lias the ability'to step
.. off, into,Space.;as it were, ,tb-"take
the plunge" to- quote the man in the
-.��� street, ��� which more timid; or. more
7-sbphisticated".fblk,, lack.'.'.,' _'' ." "��� z���
Most-Inventions'"come ;but of two
desires.-'.A desire.to" save-labor,'and
.a/desire, for. bettei- service'. .But an
even, -more fundamental '-stagey lies-
back of these.'" The period in some'
���.man's life,' of Rocfc-bo.ttbm Necessity.
And -.so" there has. come dbwn'tb"' us
"from the -Ancients'.; who were'fond pf
'putting Truths"intb'adages th'e pithy
��� statement' that: "Necessity- is "the
-. Mother, "of- Invention.''��� -.   . .?;.��� ���'   -
'-.7 The'Age of Necessity, is^ftherefore
. the-Age richest m.-Ih'yentions;.. The,
; Inventions .of- a fundamental folder,'
those that'saved .mankind from ex-
\ tinction',-..' rather���' .than   -those., .that
-spared his strength.'7 V ..- "'_-;; /���}'"
;.;'���  Regarded from this, viewpoint, what
""'.people, more, rich -in' Invention-.than'
the, "Indian? -; What -people   'more
��� -capable   of'..^'making.'-, ends.-meet"?
What people-closer in spirit to-the
. Secrets of-Nature.?,; What .'people so
able-tpfsee possibilities,"a way out"
-_'whererno.,-way^apparently- exists* as
' these simple people of the woods,
lakes, rivers,.plains arid mountains?
From these Fundamentalists, the
-Pioneer had at once most to fear and
most to learn.'  It was this antithesis
. which sharpened- desiie' to talce-up
,' .the land and'hold it against the.verit-
... ably, embodied.Spirit of Circumvention.   .And it Was wheii the early
-': pioneers'' began   to   appreciate   the-
.-.cleverness  of  the  Indian  and  the
Indian began to appreciate the'qualities of life as introduced by the new
people, that oiie began to learn, -of
fehe other and to prosper by exchange
��� of experiences and by exchange of the"
inventions for which each stood. -
The Indian and the pioneer have
this in common."'- Both" Were always
-face to face with Necessity.   Danger
.was- clear-cut..1,   everywhere.    No
.getting-away.from it.   And to seme
extent.it is-interesting to be able" to
decipher, in .'most; of the primitive
indicative of the presence  of.the ���-.
sinister form- or forms which originally.
��� called-into existence' that particular "
invention.-" f- '"    _--',-���'.
-[  I well recall .the impression's .'experienced the first "timel sawf'our Indian
guide, of the'French River, dririk.fr'ohi-
-his paddle. '''' We.had gone.' up' tlie-'
Murdoch  and portaged,. to Crooked..
Lake.' (A;lake_th"at-6:niy-last-year was
opened up by the .Canadian Pacific 7"
.Bungalow Camp^-above).  Nosooner. X
had.wegot into the canoe and gone a  -
few lengths than.the guide-ceased".-,
stroking., and."" careened -the "paddle-"
blade "so.that-the; clean',* cool water
dripped'as from a clear fountain.into-..
his thirsty mouth and'-.throat.7 No
weight .had changed,..the canoe still
ranged ahead from-the_last'stroke,  f
the guide did hot change his posture,
there-was no sound,-his eyestill commanded ihe scene;-f-.The action was"
so . swift - "and - silent" .that ""with out.'"
bidding my own eye ranged off'to the." .-
wooded   bank,'   searching   for   the
imaginary foe whose mocassined feet   _
and wary intuition may have traced',
the'invasion by the summer camperf;
of -this ��� hitherto ��� undeveloped haunt --"
of trout. ."���   -   ... ��� . .'' ..- ��� -,.
- Thus-swiftly, did this simple act
recall the .-time 'when" it--was- first "
practiced.   That time, in"-the history -
of Canada when the- Red man's foesf -
were so, numerous, when the urge of-
Hunting so" keen that even when he''-
took a drink of water he.must never
.lose that vigilancfe which.kept bini >
always, on guard; '      .-- "   .'--,,���
.In itself a mere'straw/ it .holds a..;
psychological subtlety that in-detail 7
shows "us to .what necessity. and to
.what'finesse for-inventiveness those:;.:'
who live right down to the elemental'
were, driven by the .combative ele- .
mental-/ forces, .".with-. whicH . fthey-.
.warred for existence, [yy. ���'<:.....
-. ��� We admire these"thihgs'in' ancient :'
and'distant peoples, but we are'given:.'
to'overlook'them and.set little'value
.by them when they occur.at oiir very
doors as it were.
Canada is particularly rich in
"inventions" of this-nature. They
are not here things of the Past but of
the living Present. I saw the Indian '
drink from the paddle only last summer. You may-see him-this.
Adaptation "or resourcefulness "in
so simple acts are among these "primitives, progressive after a fashion. The
next- time our. guide took a drink of
the cool lake water, he broke the deep
'ilower of a pitcherplanfcfrom a clump
that grew by.the bank and made a
drinlang-cup of it. Not limited to
one. cup you. see. And in the. transition, from the oar we can feel there
was a transition in poetic fancy. It
was a drink of relaxation... a sip
of nectar from the flower's heart.
And Had he been of the Far East we
should have said "See the artistic
development of this Jap" but being
of the West and Pf the Wilds, it was
wholly uniooked f bt and evoked more
of surprise than anything else.   It
- inventions, of;the Indians; .whether called'out on elemental feelings off
;,. their - habitat Vas the shores about " "*      * .....       _.   .
. the Great Lakes, the Prairies from the
Lakes, of .the.. Woods. to the foothills
7of the "Rockies,"or.the-Rockies them-
. "selves or'-the-littoral- bt the Pacific,' &
- certainVSoraethiiig. Hk'e- an Atmos-
���f'jjhere,"- a. curious ;Pragrance, suggest
. tiye'pf;;Danger..7 a fcizarre .note,,_'
lurking danger or watchful foes, but
the  pleasing
cognizance ,that Art
!3_ Universal,, and that some of.the-primitive inventions follow the.
sweeter paths oi fancy, rather, than
the:ever-present Danger, spelled of
fee "oar-blade", cup.���-By Victoria'
Hayward. ���x.:.zT=ty.sr^.r -.^;7"__.'.���!���.-1'
Clear the Track
pEANUT POLITICS is trying to hold up the Relief
Express. By your vote remove this obstruction
to prosperity on June twentieth. A vote for the
Liberal Candidate is a vote for John Oliver, the
engineer who will bring this Relief Express, bearing
prosperity fpt British Columbia, safely through. It
carries Equalized Freight Rates--the one fundamental
that is essential to the prosperity of every
woman and child in this Province.
man,
Equalized Freight Rates will bring: inillibns7 to our
Province;;-wiil doiiblei our population
develop i>ur iportsr willbring to us^K^
ing industries and their pay-rolls; jyill develop the
necessary market for our agricultural products.
Equalized Freight Rates meansi more   mqney--
more industries-more people--16wertaxes^-lower cost
Equalized Freight,Rates is theThtnge dii which the
dopi^ to; prosperity hangs* i John Oliver aiid his Liberal
G6vernmeht!have^the key in the form of the sympathetic
ear of a like Liberal Government at Ottawa,
Your vote for the Liberal Candidate is a message to
the industrial, financial and political^interests of the East
that you are behind John Oliver in his fight for prosperity*
Remember this on June twentieth*
i
���-���-.��!
X -.'ii ���_
THE.xJJEDdK   'GREENWOOD,   B.-O.
(V
CL0S1NGDAY     ^w*a��
OF THE DEBATE       ,n Southern A11,er,a
ON THE BUDGET
; Ottawa.���Closing day of the debate
on-..the-'budget, brought-scenes of excitement aad animation hot witnessed since the ���financia.r statement was
submitted to the House over a "month
ago.: -Galleries were packed, and
scores wen? turned away, disappointed. The -day, too, saw the Prime
Minister and.-the leader of the Opposition battling in debate.
Ilight Mon. Arthur Meighen opened villi a continuation of tho .speech
of the day previous. He dealt, more
particularly with the tarilT.
���^'We have had,'1 he declared, "a
policy oi* tariff hacking, chipping and
tiukering,    iideliiy    to    no    principle
. whatever. ���   We have liad nothing but!
a' bartering  of tariff concessions on
' the auction block, theWelim, industry, being chosen every time with an
eye    to    political    support    in    this  Thinks
House.-"., .'--._:���
Premier King 'came back with do-
tailed reply.. - He replied to". Mr.
Meighen's attack on" the thirty million
reduction in net debt claimed on the
budget speech with the assertion that
revised figures .would show the surplus
Edmonton.���The Alberta department of agriculture is. malting arrangements i'or rounding up about
30,000 wild horses at"larg.v;on the
range areas of Southern Alberta,
.in-tha Uow Valley district and
other open range sections ln that
portion of the province. The
round-up will be held some tinie
In June, according to present arrangements. The corrals, according to the department officials,
will be built within the next few
days. For years bands of horses
have be.en running at large in
these sections and are practically
wild. Some of them are strays
that have cotr.o into, the district
from other pfrr'ls of the province
antl have nolbeenclaimed by the
owners.
Fr. lineh'an On Church Union
Present Moment Auspicious
For Settlement of Dissensions y,
Toronto.���Writing in the Catholic
Register, _Rov. Father L. Minehan
again discusses?7 church' union, and
takes the; view that the present Ottawa outlook points very strongly "toward" a  modification-of  the  present
to be not thirty millions, but thirty-five., union bill, which will, without destroy-
. millions.-' ��� Mr. King, referring to the, h'ff its eiliciency. concede something to
C.N.It., said Sir Henry Thornton and- '' it* opponents.
cipated a surplus during the present j Continuing, he asks: "Cannot it be
year of thirty million. The Prime ; niade'an epochal affair,; a_ something
Minister.further announced, that it was which will stand out. in fhe'liistory of
proposed to add to the finance depart- \ our Dominion as does Magna Charta
ment :t; tiu-iff board to advise in mat-". i�� that of England? Can we not
ters relating tb-tariff and taxation.'' make the present moment Mhe begin-
'-���'���\Ve. have, we believe," proceeded- ning of a greater Canada, religiously,
the Prime7'.Minister,'. "the-onOpolicy j socially, politically? Wejiaye our
called   the   ha- racial, lingual, and unreligious (that is
Search For Sniall
New     Effort     May     Be     Made     to
Solve    Mystery    Surrounding
Disappearance
Toronto.���Florence    and    Gertrude
Small, sisters'of Ambrose   J.    Small,
the missing theatrical   man,   held   a
conference  at  the  Parliament  Buildings with Hon. W. F. Nickle, K.C., attorney-general,  and   provincial  police,
regarding    what,   'In    their    opinion, (
should be done io get at the solution i
of   the    mystery    surrounding    their J
brother's   unexplained   absence   since j
December  2,  .1919.      The  sisters  believe    that   a-'vigorous investigation,
even at this late date,"might solve the
mystery.
Hon. Mr. Nickle and the police officers assured the Small sisters of the
fullest assistance I'rom the department, and asked them to put certain
things in writing.
Tbe Elections in France
___^^
A Wonderful Milking Machine
ARISTIDE BRIAND
ex-premier of France, one of the two
chief leaders of   the   Left   bloc,   who
��lined brilliant victories In the recent
elections in France.
Empire Exhibition May ^DISCUSS MEANS
loriinued'As Regular raturei TA o __ rrmi i nn
TO SAFEGUARD
BANKDEPOSITOR
New Apparatus Will
Foretell Earthquakes S��� 7
London.���Tho Houso of Commons, without.'a division, agreed-
to increase i.he .government guarantee in connection with (he British Empire Exhibition from $.100,-
000 to ?��00,000, after a motion to
reduce the extended guarantee
had been withdrawn. It was announced that the millionth visitor paid into the grounds on May
3-_f.li. The exhibition opened on
April. 2:5. .7 H. Thomas, secretary for lhe colonies, expressed
the personal hope thai it might be
decided to continue tlio exhibition
as a regular feature of Empire development.
Saskatchewan
Economic Conference'1
f
With!
that is entitled to.be
tional policy."        '   -'-/ 7   -
fRight Hon. Arthur .Meighen took
exception to the attitude':of-.ilie "member for AVinnipog, .Hon. A. B. Hudson,
who said no country could be self-
contained, and. therefore. Canada
should buy in ilie cheapest-market.
Well, the west was more industrial;
that he-might be willing to admit. A
letter from tho Manitoba Rolling Jlills
said that"a-very small reduction in the
tariff now would close its doors: Was
the member for Winnipeg us willing
to close out this important factory in
Winnipeg as h�� now was to close out
eastern factories?    '- -
The Government supporters had
goi. much  comfort -out .of the  stater
: the ^proper word), discords.      Can we
not nt one ayeop- seek and find a. set-
��� dement of all of them?"    7
CHURCH UNION
QUESTION MAY
NOW BE SOLVED
machine, which can be operated 'either
by electricity or gasoline, is absolute
ly. guaranteed. Every user has. become "it booster. It.is sold by Jl. A.
Lister '&. Co. - (Cariada), Ltd., wilh
agencies at Winnipeg, Regina and .Edmonton. Thoy want a farmer ageiit
in every district. Write to the nearest agency today for further'information, and ascertain how eusy.itwilLbe
for you to pay for this machine' by
selling to your neighbors.   ,     -,.-.-...
Permanent    Board    To     Deal
Economic    Crisis    and
Contingencies , I
Regina:���A   resolution   authorizing'
the creation of a permanent economic j
board i'or Saskatchewan to investigate
eoiiomic crisis and con- i
tliey  arise  crystallized ;
the" lwo.-d.iy discussions of the econ-j
omie conference here.
Under the terms of-the resolution,!
adopted on the rocpnimendalion of a
���..,,,.      ..-���.      .. resolutions committee, the board will
-', Professor Caselh, noted seismologist, I I)e ccnlp0rit;(1 of Uo farnK>rs> consist.
-who claims to have   constructed- an; ,n���  ���r .,  lvJ>1.0seutalive,ol.  (he  S.1S.
apparatus, already patented, whereby   Katchewan Grain Growers' Association
Will Prove To Be a Boon To Farmers
��� and Dairymen
The Lister-Page MilkingWlaehine
has been designed to solve, the milking problems of the farmer. 11 is so
simple in operation that anyone can
operate it.     The machine is portable
���fitted   -with    wheels, . and   can  be   Prophecies of Italian  Professor  Have
handled  readily.      It is  compact, noj Been Confirmed _.
piping, or installation of any kind, two J " spezia. Italy.���Earthquakes need no,
cows can be milked at a time.     This j }on^Y cause loss of life, 'according to !
lausanne Treaty
Becomes Effective
! earthquakes are announced at least ]u
j minutes before, thoy occur.
j    The scientist also claims to be able,
l with fvery slight possibility  of error, j ono  r01)reRen
j to locate beforehand the centres oi
telluric phenomena, their intensity
and the location of iheir most intense
manifestations.
Signor Caselli's telluric prophecies
of last March., which were deposited
with a notary here, some time in advance of the expected disturbances,
were completely and accurately confirmed   by   subsequent   events.     The
and one from the Farmers' Union, two
labor representatives, one    of    whom
shall  be a woman, one manufacturer,
alive  each  of  the  loan
ie 1
j (alive of the University'of Saskatchewan,    one    I'rom    the Women Grain
��� Grower.-.' A .socialkm. a representative
I of the.transportation companies,'a re-
: tailer    and    a    representative of the
government:, the hoard    being   given
power to add to its numbers as occasion demands.
Has  Been Approved .jBy Britain, .Italy  Pressor promises fo iv.veal his niedi-
Ottawa���A compromise to'settle fhe
differences    between    the    Unionists
and the anti-Unionists over tlie church 1
union bill has been made public here, j
Deputy Speaker "George Gordon, of J Britain, France, Italy and J a pan.'rati
the House of Commons, was asked, as
and Japan.
Tokio.���The  privy   council  has  ap.
proved the treaty negoli
key at the Lausanne Con
has recommended "the Prince.Regent
to ratify it.   ,   -
.Since  the  treaty  is  effective when
any  ihree  of  the   four.,-power',. Great
oils in the near future.
ted with nn | Britain Now Building
mterence; and; ........ =>
Largest Kadio Station
_men(. recently --ssued by .the Massey-., it��� outsider, to .suggest amendments to
Harris   Company  regarding  lis - post-  bri.u, U)c ^^ ^fl,*,.. ilC(i a series
care-1
nothing
-budget policy. -That statement, ��_���-;   r amendments, chiefly dealing with
fully .scrutinized, . revealed
except a generous intention on thej
part of die eompanyto refrain'- from'
charging ihe farmer die sales fax *
-it 'did- not'have, to pay to' the Govern./!
nieiil, ancl.'io (_:irry-"on and make the
best of the new: conditions. '���'���'���''.
DYSPEPTIC
Food Doe3 You No Good
Half the time you're afraid
.to eat'; your tongue is coated;'
mouth tastes bad,, stomach.-is
bloated.'-":' If. you-want/.to_get-
"'welir.'stop'yusing -:_ .dyspepsia
tablets' and go. to/the- source of
' the trouble-before-it is too late.
Strengthen" your stomach,' cast,
out the bile; regulate, the bowels
: -���-do this,- and. dyspepsia will be
. -no mere." 77,. " X...   .     x ���   .'
non-concurring.   congregations,     was
'(Trawn up by hiin.  _" . -_ .
- The first of,these amendments pro-'
rides lhat if any congregation-of the
Presbyterian, Methodist or Congregational '"churches," within six 'months
before the" coming into-force.'.-Of. (ho
othe^ sections.oi' the act,-shall decide
"not..to. .concurin" the', union,- then tlie"
property", of'such non-concurring cori^
gregation shall b'e held by.the existing
trustees-or by other trustees elected
by the. congregation for .the 'sole-benefit ofthe .congregation; ' -f ' ' -,- -_ . ���
Should' .ii'non-coneurriiig-coiigregfi,:'
tioii-deci!le.-Iatervtb-=ei'it'er-:'iIie._Un'idn
then.-the Union Act/shall apply to
:such;--congregation-from .'the- date of
that decisiori.7-;. f". ,'' ; : '- ���""' ��� "'���'.''
- ..The .persons-entitled io' vote at ,t
congr'egational / meeting lor the pur-'
���pose. me.!\tibneii"above.' according to a
second "aiiieitilmontj'is ' to be limited
fy -it, .".and Great Britain and Italy
have ��� .already done. ; ihis,' ilie- treaty
comes.'into force with Japan's -ratification."-'." 'x-X   :        -..'���.������' '.- } ���- -
The treaty was signed -on>_iy'>l,, 0l- 9Co;llCl.-CK ui. nill Morion, near Hug
1923, concluded peace between Greece; by.""where flC m'ti0s.-SiO feet, in height
Designed to ��� Communi'cats Directly
. With-India and Australia
London.-���Great- JJiiiuin is to h-.ive
what i.-i claimed will be file larposl and
most ])0\veri'ul .radio "slnfioi.r in- the
world,   iiuco'fdiug . to "the ..Daily-Mail.
After Everything
Else Had Failed
Quebec Lady Used Dodd's Kidney Pills
Ottawa.���Further evidence by
George Edwards, accountant advisei
to the department of finance, in regard
to further safeguards for depositors,
and a suggestion by Sir -William
Stnvert, .Montreal financier, as to the
creation of an organization, headed by
a bunker, which would receive reports
from all banks, ���with a view'to preventing failures, featured a sit tins of
the banking.and commerce committee
1 of ihe House of Commons.
With Mr. Edwards being examined,
J. T. Shaw (Independent, West Calgary) called attention to lhe rank
of claims against lhe assets of a
bank: (J) .the notes; (2) the Dominion Government; (-3) Provincial Governments; and, (4) depositors and
j other 'creditors.
lie asked Mr. Edwards' opinion us
to the withdrawal of the priority whicli
the government claims. ���
"Personally, I think they might.well
be abolished," was the reply.      '
G-. G. Cooi,e (Progressive, Maeleod)
asked -.whether Mr. Edwards would
j advise an amendment of the Bunk
j Act to1 limit loans to one concern to a
percentage of the paid-up capital*
Mr. Edwards did not favor it. .:���-.
Mr. Coote asked Mr. -Edwards' op-
i inion of a provision tliat a director 0/
ia bank that-failed should be liable up
j to 50 jier cent, of his estate.
j "If a director had done his duty,"
j was Mr. Edwards' reply, "1 do not
1 see why he should be penalized."
I In reply to-'a question as lo the
j effect of having Hie bank circulation
j-redenipiion fund of all the banks
/used to pay the'notes of a'-defunct
j bank, Mr. Edwards sniri- the banks
1 would, in turn, become creditors of
��� the deJuncl bank, equally-with the depositors.
L. ,J. Ladner (Conservative, Vancouver, South) called Tittciiiion tb a drift
in the deposits from small in.jarge
banks.' He asked whether a ��� gua rail -
tee of "savings deposits up to ".fS.uOO
v,-ould nor. help (.0 restore public "eon^-
fid en ee ami check this tendency..
Mr.'Edwards said thnt-a'Ku'arhntee
of deposits liad failed in OKlahoma.-
Miss   W.S.   Godmyrs   suffered   from
'.'.rheumatism, . backache    and    head-
:   aches and found complete'relief in;|
. Dodd's Kidne>-Pills. "-    .---..-"   f,..'
j-- Cedar,   xCue.7-(Spocia!.}'!���-.-'J   ."huv.;
j-sufft-red for years wiih'niy kidneys.- to
Work;js.uIi;i'a"dy in progress" on 'Xc site   such"-an., ex ont"-that 1 -hnd to, give-tip
niy 'work' for' days id'a time. : "-i'tried'"
Menace Of Bush Fil
es;
and :" Turkey    and -;. eslablished .mew
boundaries for" .the latter, nation.,"-'-.-'
Reports Decrease la -
f^fWinterlinedWheat
Return" Issued 'By Dominion' Bureau
'���'".' .Of Statistics'.     ���-"    '.'" -.
. (5ttawa.--Gener._il -decrease in ft he
��'ini6iint; of.-fall wheat' whiter' killed U
reported in-a return "issued by.tlie Do:
niinioa-Bureau "of :Siaii::tic.s.7 : Of;(he'
767,000 acres.of fiill wheat,' sown in
Canada .last year,' 702;10'0 acres are in"
Ontario, .-49/500" in Alberta-)', anil -15,ii00.
acres in; British'Columbia. - The .'proportion "reported; as'winter, killed,iii
Ontario is four,;pei:- cent., .in. Alberta
are-being erected io carry iho acriiils..j well". '���   1 cannot, praise .them too;high.
The station, is designed  io comuiuni-.j iy.-.io'.my fellow.'sufferers.'';   ft gives
eale direcily'witii In.diii and Australia;
says  the  jitipeiv/iilthougiV. n.cii.her of
these.couiitries.'ltas any station,fas ye'i,
powerful enough'..lb'reply .without re
laying.- ';-"'"-���.     '   '. ,.": =-',    y; "���:
Northern "Alberta   and. .Saskatchewan'
- '-'Suffer' From ;Fires 'Over Wide -'
'-";   7- ."' '��� ,   '- 7- Area'.. "7',
,  Ediiioii.t'iin".���Bush"- fires'  are - raging.
,J>odd'.s-Kidney  Pills' after "ovcryihing ,(>v��'^ide-areas in.Nori'hi-rn Alberia.
���:el.se  had   tailed' and ' now  I am' <ju|j.e j'T'ie most serious"oiitbi-ealcs are wi-st.
oJ":.Edntoh!:on',-' nort hwf\��t-'f>i"" A.t h.Hbase.i
,.,.,,      ,,.-,     ,   ������    .   . - ���    - -       -., aiid in tiie' P.eace iiiver.eoii'ntt-v.--    Si.v
me pleasure indeed to voice jiiv ap.- '���-- ,     ,--,-"--      ",  . --    '-
preciaiiui!-  of- your ".Dodd's ..'Kidney Mn,f,d^;d ..tllousalul 7i-('.''l;.i,r  '"r'-"5-   !h,;
J'iils." -   'I'liis-siaiement" comes "from ' property;!)!'' II.; J;oberiH,:=wvre. burned '
Miss \K: -S. 'GoHihyre.' well-known .and 'near- While  Court.' 'norlhwe-Jt' of "Ed- ���
highly respected resident of this place. X^^X^. , Telegraphieeonimuiiieaiioii;
li','.",'; Pea ee   .! (i ,-er Xnn n t ry lias''
Sh'o. feels...i'hat ^lie-'owes.-it." toother-    ..,,-
sufferei-s' to tell' tliem .liow" she found ,' v-   .'
COMITTEEHAS
I;been interrupted by-th*
fi !���(>.> -burning
wites    down
��:U5
OFBRANGHUNES
,01 tawa~]{cmaihing...Canadian -National 'branch', line.-;bills -Jiav-j . passed
the railway, conihi it tee of the .House, j
For your cor,df*ion the best prescrip, {o 1Msnhl,rs   ra<,0���f' Uiat'oibers may
[on spills, whiciv are ..",   -.   ,        -..-" -.',   7.   -",--���'      -',..-
(firm is Dr., Hamilton'
"mado specially for tho-stomach, kld^
'neys arid' liver.' ,-_''-   , ���-' '     .'*%.
Dr; Hamilton's Pills'
Aid the Stpniach
. Get Drfiramilton's Pills to-day,-25c
per box; '5 i'or. $L"00, .all-dealer's," or.
.TUeCaUirrliozpue Co.,- Montreal.
gration : w    7
Of British Children
vote .where.permitted to do;-so 'by
provincial: ��ict.. - . -/. - -..'.-" '..'
. 'A. third 'aineiidnien7t authoriKes tlie
non-concurring "congregations'..in .co'rii-
tnunibn with ihe Presbyterian" Church
In. Canada, to use the name-"The Pro's-
byterian'phurclr of .Canndsi'-' or. any
name , other" than" ."'"The Presbyterian
Ciiiirch.in Canada7." ������'   ".   -.��� ���; ���'" -,:
In.order lb-have ?, meeting of .the
congregation called for.the purpose'of.
���.voting.-- concurrence,..or non-concur"-
renco' in "(lie union, the anu-ndnients
umbia, about .three per-cent.,'a mark
ecHdecreasein each c.iso'; _ ' '���'���..
.   The    average ... condition'   of. '.full
���the . conihiitiee)"- the. point, wa'sf-'takerij
that while..total.'expi>iidiline. onfthe:{
th.e    oldest.'- resident-." o.f    .Manitoba,
.-..-,- _.   ���-   , .    ^ . . ,   _-. ���,   ,,- ,     -., ���   - .t'i'erre'.Allaryff.of St. Eustache, Man.7
about'3q percent., and in BnUsh.Coh j.\\ hen-the bU(s-w'w-e. previously be*^.} j,.-^ ;.u l{x ,lllTnnc,-.d age 0{)yfi
y-eai:s.   ' A   veteran ,of many-buffalo
, hunts mi" thf> .western praiiiiei-", he was.
ines was-15 per-cent", moro" than the   :,      ���-���.'-'.���   :"."   - :.'"���"������. ,   ',*-���-,
,-..,-,,., . ���,     -.       --.'..      -���-.-. ;-��� ...   .-     the principal organizer ami founder ol
wheat.in all three -provinces :was.-:fe- ��� estimate given in.the bill, there was ',,..��� ,.,,,       ,: ,   ���- .,.,   o,;'-/*   .,      . '
-.   ���   ,       -..     ., ���. ;���-.,,.   ������-.-.-   ���. i   -,. , .      ���-....���-.,   .-, ,-   -..     ,.   ;'be little parish of Bale at..Paul,- uow,
ported-on-April. 30 as excellent-.-  7   ' j. nothing., to prevent tin; .wliole  ol  die. ���,   ��.,,[., .i,-,
-"""-  yx--yy~-y~-���.- ���,X-X. y\ money beipg'spoii Lou- part of the Ull<y | graT.<Iciiik]i-./n
tiiil tho'Canadian Xution.il then com-    ,..,  r7 , " ���
I and four
later, for. a.|   '.,_,-.
i survjvi.
iineauhnont. t- ������  ' - -���
���   ���    ���   '��� was
bill���and ir \vill.-l..'.   . ,
.-lri'-'iid.<
j r.elief.-.- -. -:'. ���" -'   ."    -���'..'
.    Dodd's.'Kidney- Pills "are .known-, all'"t'hi^'pbl'esi 'hrjiigirig   the.
over Canada as .'iho old reliable'(-una- | ^-Jiii -diem       '"��� "" '      - -   -- " ���.-���"    ' -��� ' "
dian Kidney remedy. They are" known.;"'. ,7.:   "   .',-."-". ".f" ,-��� ... .'   "���-, -.' ���  '���'..-
!fby the'workiliey-haverdoiie."    ,   '-'- "J-- ���'\."Rc,i A"Wi-i-~M orih i;.^clij;d-.Hvre
!'  .->_'pu7_wjn.'-iiiid.j4iaLl.)odi!';5.fKid large"area's"
r-Piii.s'-wKi-'.sy'lK've-'Kidhey ������tr(Hrt��l7>."'np'.,."in'.AiJuglj-Noril!__"ide\arHl"Paddo'ckwootl-'
I matter where ;or'in what; foi;ni ii-Ks . ;^tnCt., }\X\iouX> 25.' nUles^imrth of
I lound.' .     ���    ���- ��� '���', '  ���'      _ ���"   , ;-.",-     "       --.-"���'" " ���. .
-'  ���   ��� ^ ;_y :_:_.'���'"!'��� ..     ..   ��� Prince- Albert,- burning out two home.-.
.~- .  .        ���_.     ."'     .-".'-'-...' " '' I .steads- without, loss .'of- life''to liunmris-'
.---.".   "  Was Western Pioneer '     v    .iz*,- ' .\-- X ��� ' ,'��� .-���   '   'X- ���'-'-���
-    x     . ..       ��� or-stock.    iNuiiH'rous hush Pres-have
\\-innipec.---l.!elK'voil ��� to   have   been   , -   ���   .-    ,'   ��� ,.""   .-..        "-.-"-.���
-'   --���       ���       ��� *-;.<.   .hoeii.ragmg. in .tho.district Tunned.   It
is' runiored' a hot her", lire caused, damr"
age -. on
Alingly.
an;-. Indian reserve north of
Advocates -Wider .Union;
Sherbrooke,-. .Quo.���'In
back, to
Vole..
emphasizing! in
the .importance "of .-co-operation . M-.j-furiher
-elnirchwor!c7.at the; annual.- dinner- of j'was iuseried in one
thef Slierbrookc." 3Ie.tlio.disf
irliani.e.af
Today,, sill'.
Fourteen' cliiidren; .70
10-great gra'ndchildr'eii:
gi>-;i.t ���   preat'' grariilcliiidrfcri
';r.o--yi''tix Sr.' Pii-iM.-e,.*-'
'inliinat.ely. .lniown.'; anion
Church.-stated the minister of railwax?. be in-,
Rev. \V. S_ SteVens.-'of Quebec, advo- j corporal ed in-all branch.'line bills���
cated the unionof all deiioniiiuition.-? i.'pro\ iding ihat. the1', 't.'.N|iendi'tur'e .may
of the elmrch���Methodist., Presbytci-^l noi- exceed -15 pi'-r <;ent..-i>ver !h'e7esti-
-" .-.;Ask Bail" Foi- Dejorme-7  - "
Mont real--"-'i'Si'e.'tiialpl' Jlev; Ade!
ii'd
'. .'_���-New Tammany Head -' '.."'.-
; New Voirk'���Surrogate-Judge .Inmes
A,- Eoley was "Elected sucoe.-iKor to "iho.
Resolution  Passed .-By"Labor Women''
"-'"At: London'Conference !
.'..������"" '
"" London.--ProU'-F.is-'against  the emi-,1
gradim of i-hildren apart from their'
re!a 1 iv_>.s to .die-'Ooiiiinions were.madii
by delegates''lo".t.lie Xathyial."Conference nf LaborfAVpiiieii-held in London.
. A.resoludob was p'asgiiil urging'that
; such rniigration should-be siopjicd until, eoftsplvuly -MitinfiiCiory plans':were
.eslablislhd ".l\>r asci.'rlai.ntiigi.-.the-ch'il-
pr'ovide that a petition of JO members!Jilllj Congregational, Anglie'an, llonian , niate, op- thcr-average mileagt','     Tlii
should be secured in it congregation
or 100 members, of 25 Members in'coh-
.greKafiohs up. to 500, ��� Of "SO. members
hi-congregation:, up to .1,000,, and-of
100 members in ./congregations.' over
1.000)'   "';   -"'-;"   . '���-"���'../
;Abandon Farms
Otta'wa.���Tliere   .have,   been    4.153
abandon ments o'l' farms by "sOldier set-
tiert.,'fMajor iUrneit", chainnanof Vim"
(irenVovs-n i.icllaaiions in the matter. Soldier Setllemeiit. Board,    fold-    tlie
and for ..sijj2��':i vising the: i-hildrc-ii' after
th."
arrival in tiie Dominion?..
CHAPPeHANtt
Minard's i.s 'excellent" for chapped li'amlsMihd all skin diseases.
-House, of Commons cpmmiitee.ort pen.-.
fio'ris and.-' re-e^tabiislinient.     This fix-
ure 'represented  IS-per cent, of. the
total soldier settlers   Svho   had   been
, granted" loans-.      in no province, except  Quebec,  had  tlie -percentage  of
, soldier-settler abandonnients been as
great as-civilian" abandonments.
Catholic and others.    _"...      ',.' X it ."was .si'HiV-df.w.buld ..iiieet".the;.obj'.'e-
,_tioti raised'. ,.���. . ' -. "7. /'.' 7 -.���:.'
... lion.'J. 1>. M.-.Haxi'>r,'p"rpj)OKe(3' die
P.rince>',iAlbert.���.-Ah-. Oii-forthe-IJay iinsertion ol'.-'aiiuth__r -'clai..sc-:iii all tlie
Ass.ociai.ioiV. Tor: KorthenY Saskal(jli<:-;bills' providing'that "im part of the
wan "at Prince Albert has.been decid^vvor.k authorizod shall, lie proceeded
ed upon','    A, cdruniitt��jo of, brgan'iza- / .witli.uuless the Horn puny shall tirsftib-
1 members.
OnVt"o-Bay. Association'.
tlio"!.IH'iJlu,'ls." pt-
[voted agniust.him'
Tauiniaiiy's.'.'-'executive
tion.' has ��� been" appointed and
working but'its details). / ���'.
is now.|.fain, from responsible parties a tender
j or tenders, fur the cojj.s.motion of the
tt-^ I whole,.lino authorized, or of all the
."component parts thereof, such tender.
���-lV-lorine.' cluu-g.'d"'wi'tli'-dm-lmird'er bfi'lale  X^^X^- ^""I'l'liy/as. leader'-of
%ly >alf- brother. WaoUl^yillftake | Tammany;,lja!l..7'. But   two.;of -the 70
r.place- iu-th.o'Hciitesuber "term '.of,
'-'court' 'of King's' lleneh.,-'   Alban" Ger-
imaiii'. K.C-.-.-ffor-'lh'e 'ilefenct"'. 'made ah"!
--.ajjplicati.ou iu Chief-Justice.Martin for
j. bail.     -"Tin.1'presiding judge said Lhat-'
the- present -assizes would ..consider as
: to    die   -coS'npKeiK-y    of- the court- t'o
-grant;bail under the- riij-'unistancps.   -
.1'
ior die aggregate of such tenders, not ;
if exceeding 1 lie" expenditure hereby au-;
I thorized."
j    It was agreed ihat iho.,amendment
W-~N.   LV  1525
-   Many. Receive Degrees
Edmonton.���Graduating students of
the- University of ���-' AIL-erta    received
tiieirf degrees. ia thb 'largest convocation ever'held-ia this province.   More
than 150. degrees were awarded*   Dr.
IL, M. Tory, president bf tlie univer-
j fliy,' presided, ami; Xkuleiiant-Gover:
j nor Brett'' presented the. prfcea../.
onsiip
or Blotchy Skits
Wast   t.  clear, healthy complexiso.
regular bowels, and a
pertectworking liver?
AJ_ easy to ob-
tain.if yo'ts taie
CARTER'S
Little Liver
Piils, the sure'
aafe snd easy
nciiog rem	
tdjr.   For beadiche. diiaoeea, ��psg<(:
4^narcira__nr'ffiSpeadEfic��. il.<>. fc**e.
catijfiti.. Purely.*ef��ub!t   --,���:;....-/-'������-
Soaii PlU-SEsati P$$e~-Sta&U Prtc��
proposed by Mr. ' Baxter should be
discussed at a special' uie.eiing of (he
comniitice. ���   ' '.
Three, remaining branch line bill^
carried:, Between .Kousseuu and- Laurent. Que.;" to Mile 41 of the. Melfoft be .visit (id
branch near - Pipawinf Sa.<k- (with. a
minor amendment as to route);, from
Lloydininsier,". Sask../northwesterly -Jo
miles. ' [y'X.X Z.y ' :..''. /��� f. .������' ' ' ~"
-The. bill waV-amended ,, to. provide
that, for the purpose of Avoiding duplication, tlie C.P.R. "mav.vwitliin.- seven
years, have//joint", owiiershf p' of ...the
iia��- z... ~'XyXXiX x7; ������";-,
To Visit. Prairie Provinces
Vancouver'.���-With a view of carrying the message of Vancouver io the
people of the praiiieSj 100-members of
die Board of Trade propose to make
a trip through Alberta and Saskatchewan iu the first week in .September;
L'ilmoutou. North Battleford,. Saskatoon," Jtegina, Moose Jaw, Swift
Current /Lethbridge' and Calgary will
5^f��#5^
... ..Will Poo! B.C. Fruits
,... Vaneoiuvor, li.C.T^Pooling of fruit
und.er die Associated Growers*' Limit:
ed,_of British Columbia.'will continu*-,
anil S3 per cent, of the tonnage ip. the
Okanagan .: Vall.ev," /actually has"been
signed 'up'.*-.'aceprdih&-.to_ .a'.siatemeBt.
Xy.[ :X I by^the'.direclfprsf/ /. Z-X-XXX-'��� X *- - XX
Say "BayerJ,��-
For Pain
Neuralgia
Lumbago
Headache .
Rheumatism
Colds
Accept only a
Bayer package
fwliich contains proven directions
Handy "Bayer1 boxes of 12 tablH*
Also bottles of 24 anil lOOr-Druggist'*
-Aspirta'' Is'tie trade' :ro*rt trejistereS .����
Cani<5*} of.' BiiTtr Mtoaf*ctor�� of" Mes��-
"*��tic��cldester ot .SaltejlleaeM'.. ��� THE LEDGE,  GREENWOOD,   BRITISH COLUMBIA, THURSDAY, JUNE 12, 1924
:, t
i..
Provincial Elections Act
Form 12 (Section 41)
PROCLAMATION OF RETURNING OFFICER
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
In the Grand Forks-Greenwood Electoral District
TO WIT:
PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given to the Voters of Grand Forks-Greenwood
Electoral District lhat in obedience to His Majesty's Writ to me directed, and bearing date the Tenth day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred
and twenty-four, I require the presence ofthe said Voters at my office, Greenwood
on the 30th day of May, at 12 o'clock noon for the purpose of nominating and electing a person to represent them in the Legislature of this Province.
The mode of nomination of candidates shall be as follows:���
The candidates shall be nominated in writing; the writingshall be subscribed by
two registered voters of the district as proposer aud seconder, and by ten other
registered voters of the said district as assenting to tbe nomination, and shall be
delivered to the Returning Officer at any time between the date of this Proclamation
and one p.m. of*the day of nomination. In the event of a poll being necessary,
such poll will be open on the 20th day of June at
Beaverdell Carmi
Bridesville Cascade;
Boundary Falls Christian Valley School
Brown Creek Eholt
of which every person is hereby required to   take notice and govern  himself
accordingly.
Given under my hand at Greenwood, this 16th day of May, one thousand nine
hundred and twenty-four.
GEORGE H. GRAY,
Returning Officer.
Fife
Paulson
Grand Forks .
Riverside
Greenwood
Rock Creek
Midway
Westbridge
LIQUOR CONTROL PLEBISCITES ACT
PROCLAMATION OF RETURNING OFFICER
!;   province of British Columbia:
Iii the Grande Forks-Greenwood Electoral District
l6:Wn:'XyX .���-X)}[)X[:y)).:).).y,}     )���  ���������       -    7..   .      )
" -PUBLIC "NOTICE .is hereby .giveri;fto the Electors-of the-Electoral District
aforesaid ttaat.I have received His'Majesty's1 Writ to ine directed; "and bearing date
the ioth day of May, '392"4,.commiinding me to cause "thefollowingquestion, namely:^
7 Do you approve of tbe sale of beer hy the.glass in licensed;
''-'���;'      '-"���]' premises; without a. bar. under Government -y. ...-". 7 X
'y "���-'.���'���'������'- .,   control and regulation?'-:,") -""    -'.WW,; Xx X���
tobe submitted according'to law to the Electors qualified} to. vote for.the election,
of aineiribcrof the.Legislative Assembly for the'Electoral District aforesaid;, and,
further, that in obedience to" the said Writ a poll shall'"be opened at'eight o'.clock-.in
��� the forenoon-and shall be closed at seven 6'clockin "the .afternoonfohtlie-20th day.
-of June, J924,'for taking'ahd receiving the votes of tbe ..said. Electors in, each polling
f division-'of the Electoral District "aforesaid at. the respective "places f ollowing.-rr '
7' ' 'WW'"-"7 :W-7"W POLLING--DIVISIONS..'7.7 W7'-   '   '/"/'.  ""'-'.'������
���Beaverdell,'.,Boundary Falls,- "BridesvilleV.fBrow.n Creek, ..jCarmi, '.; Cascade,
.���..Christian','Valley School, . Eholt,. '/Fife, ...Grand Forks,   .G'ireemvoods-7; Midway;
'.Paulson,'- Riverside, -Rock Creek,-   Westbridge. '7'  _"���". ."-.'���"-'-'..
. Of  which, all'-persons-, are .hereby, required' to. take 'notice and-to-govern
themselves-accordingly.   ' .....    ���* . "'.'-"���'   ,-X-.-:_-.x-Zy-.X *",-'/   W-"-W-
''..-.'.   GIVEN under, my hand at Greenwood,'. B.C.', this' 16th day of .May,-' 1924?.   W
7-77'"--'-- XX'- .-''-      f 7 y- GEORGE H.QRAY;  '���"')���'-}
i.y}- --.-' ���'���',':      ' ��� x-Z   -���'.'..'..-     7.7.    "-','   -Returning.. Officer.;;.".
The Canadian Pacific steamer
Empress of Britain will arrive at
Quebec shortly on her- first voyage
from Liverpool as a cabin-class
steamer under her new name Mont-
royal. She is the fastest vessel sailing out of Liverpool arid is scheduled to run from there to Quebec in
six and a half days.   "
British Columbia's, payroll for
L923 was $150,000,000, according
to the annual report of the Workman's Compensation Board. The
payroll for 1922 was $128,592,-
502, and for 1921, $130,099,373. Employing firms operating at the end
jf last year numbered 6,524, an increase of 145 over the previous year.
5 	
The 1924 season for the port of
Montreal was officially opened on
the morning of the 18th of April,
when the Government ice-breaker
Lady Grey arrived in the harbor. A
big season js anticipated, especially
by the Canadian Pacific steamships,
whose vessels on the St. Lawrence
route this year will exceed 197,000
eross tons.
SJIACTAMEIMENI
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vacant, unreserved, .. surveyed
Crown lands may be pre-empted by
British subjects over 18 years of age,
and by aliens on declaring intention
, to become British subjects, conditional upon residence, occupation,
and improvement for agricultural
purposes.
Pull information concerning regulations regarding pre-emptions is
given in Bulletin No. 1, Land Series,
"How to Pre-empt Land," copies of
which can be obtained free of charge
by addressing the Department of
Lands, Victoria, B.C., or to any Government Agent.
. Records will be granted covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes, and which is not timber-
land, i.e., carrying: over 5,000 board
feet per acre west of tbe Coast Range
and 8,000 feet per acre east of that
Range.
Applications for pre-emptions aro
to ba addressed to the Land Commissioner of the Land Recording Division, ln which the land applied for
is situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of which ca_n be obtained from the Land Commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be occupied for
five years and Improvements made
��� to value of $10 per acre, including
clearing and cultivating nt least live
acres, before a Crown Grant can be
received.
For more detailed information see
the Bulletin "Hpw to ��� Pre-empt
Land."
PURCHASE.
Applications are received for purchase    of    vacant    and    unreserved
Crown lands,  not being timberland, -
-for-agricultural purposes;   minimum-
' price of first-class (arable) land Is $5
..per acre, and second-class" (grazing),
-ilarid - $2.50 per-acre.    Further-Inf or-
.matlon- regarding' purchase, or Mease
'.ofCrown lands is given iii -Bulletin
No. '10,\I��and.' Series,  "Purchase and -
Lease ..of .Crown Lands.":...-"
- 'Mill, factory, or industrial site's" bii .
rtlmber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or.-leased, the conditions    : including    'payment"     of
atu'mpage. ���'������."��� - ���,>���'���'_.     - ���:' "
'���-'.'..   HQMESjTE. LEASES   .7
Unsurveyed areas, nbt'exoeedlng '20"
acres,'- may.be  leased .as"_homesite9,'
conditional . upon': a. dwelling : being-
erected .in. the first" year,; title belngf.
-obtainable  after" residence   and. improvement   conditions    are ' fulfilled'.
and. land has been surveyed.
W '' 7'' .        LEASES     7
"'.For grassing and   Industrial"   purposes area* not exceeding .640"acres'
;n__ay._be Ie*s*diby���on*,_person..ori.si.
company.- '. -; 7-
" GRAZING       '   ,/"f-7f
-Under th�� Graslng Act' the -Province. In divided, into grazing districts
and. the range administered -under - a,
���- Graslng ... fCommUsloner. Annual
grazing permits ewe Issued based on
numbers, ranged, priority being, given,
to-fes'tabllshedi owners.. Stoclc-owners ���
.may  form ; associations    for '-range.
management-Free, or partially free.
permits.. ar�� available : for    settlers,
campers   and   travellers,   up   to..feo:.
head."- .'   "; -.. -.,.  -_.,-.-_:-.
)}'}  the JWner^
::;/7W;^
7   S��8   produced...Minerals:.as   follows:^ Placer   Gold, f $76,962,203;   Lode . . ���
Gold,; 1113,352355; Silver, |63,532,655;.Lead 858,132,661; Copper, $179,046,508; V
7-Zia:o,;^ $27,904,756rf3S_IiBcell.aiiebas: Minerals,; 81,408,267; Coal and Coke, $250,- .7
7 968,113; Building Stone,-Bricks Cement, etc.,.$39,415,234, making ite Mineral W.
;7     Production to the end of 1923 ahowf.an ���������: -- '-Xy X- "y, f   :""': '., ',"W-"-WW7
777';Aggregate;Valiie of^810,7^2,7827;7ff::7,7'fff.:7f'
Proiartion ter^e Year Ensiiiig December; 1523, |4tp4,3?0;
7f '-. Tbe   Mining   Lawa of this Province .are more liberal, and;the fees lower,
W.   thaa tbose of aiy other Province in ehe Dominion, or any Colony, in the. British
W. .',     Empire.  '"'���'.' -
Mineral locations are granted to discoverers for nominal fees.
Absolute  Titles are  obtained   by developing snch properties, the security
6t whicli is guaranteed by Crown Grants. v
Fall information, together with Mining Reports and Maps, may be obtained
gratis by addressing���
THE RON.' THE MINISTER OF MINES
> VICTORIA, British ColMnfeia.
Indian Treasure Hidden at Bon Echo
-, ��� "v.       ��� - i
"   X X; -   ,. 3jf |ffej>r7;t
E2SE"
Above, left-The Big Rock In which the Silver Hoard is said to bp hidden.  right-Tlic Rock viewed from Bon Echo Inn.
Below, left���The Landing Stage;  right���Another View of the Big Rock. "
Long before Jacques Cartier sailed up the St. Lawrence
to discover Ho.chelaga, a now-forgotten race of people
were making pilgrimages to the Big Rock towering above
the waters of Lake Mazinawe in Eastern Ontario to
observe religious ceremonies, to worship before this
great natural altar and to propitiate the gods who dwelt
within its grariite mass. In the backwoods now, five
hundred years ago the Big Rock of Bon Echo was in the
center of the greatest white pine forest the world has
ever known and on a main highway between the north
and Lake Ontario. ' There were no backwoods in those
days, and the streams were the travel routes for the
pagan people who followed the seasonal migrations of the
animals with which the forests teemed.
To them the Big Rock at Bon Echo must have been
a thing of mystery, as it remains today both to arche-
ologists and geologists. None can reconcile the sheer
untouched face with the glacial markings alojig its top,
and in the same way the paintings along the face are an
unsolved riddle. "Who put them there!'? arid "what
do they ljean"? are unanswered questions. Along
the face of the Big Rock a few feet above the waterline
are the hieroglyphic records of an unknown people.
Painted in a virtually imperishable paint, whose.composition is unknown, and which has defied the weathering
effected of wind and water, these records baffle the
archeologists of the continent.
Whether they have a warlike or religious significance is
not known, although some people hold that they record
a great victory of the Iroquois over the Hurons and
Algonquins and have been written in some involved
and mystic code.
A more conservative interpretation claims that the
paintings of the Big Rock are trail marks, .records of the
hunt, signboards for other travellers. The natives of the
backcountry claim that they bold the secret to the
treasure cave located in the Rock, and that the solution
of their riddle would open the entranceway to the long
lost silver of the Indians.
From Brockville to Trenton, on the shores of Lake
Ontario, the legend of.Meyer's Cave has long persisted.
The hint of such, a cave first came ���stfhen the Indians
from the country to the north brought in bars of native
silver to exchange for food and firearms. For years they
refused to discuss-the source of their wealth with anyone,
but in time, a trader by the name of John Meyers, who
had been brought up in-association with Indians,- was
able to ingratiate himself into the confidence of two
members of the tribe and in exchange for liberal quanti-
, ties of fire-water, they agreed to conduct him north.
Late in the fall they set out, made their way up the
Moira and Skootamatta Rivers, portaged from Lou-
mishtigo'u'che Lake into Lake Mazinawe and came to the
Tdg.Rock.   Conflicting stories tell of Meyers actual find.
One tells of a fissure between two huge masses of rock, a
long entranceway through which the trader crawled,
and of a cavern at its end. When the fat pine torches
carried by his drunken guides illumined the interior
Meyers found himself inside an irregular cube. fifty
feet in size and along whose sides were piled rough cast
bars of native silver, as one piled cordword.
The trader took what quantities of the metal he could
place in his knapsack and in his pockets,.and departed,
making as accurate a mental record of the location of the
entranceway as he could. His companions would not
allqw him to blaze a tree, or to'place a cairn, for by this
time they were becoming frightened over their, betrayal
of the secret. The small party set out for home but
crossing the lake at the headwaters Qf the Sko'ot River,
their canoe was swamped by a heavy storm, arid the
Indians abandoned Meyers who had made his way to
shore with difficulty." In order to save himself from
drowning he was forced to throw away all but a small
quantity of silver-carried in the pockets of his coat.
Without food, his firearms- gone, ill, wet and hungry he
reached Belleville after ten days hardship... As a result of
the exposure he took pneumonia and died in the course of
few months. ,
It is an improbable story but one thing is certain. In
the Meyers family there are spoons made from the silver
he brought down with him. He left a map, drawn from
memory, and in time this fell into the hands of a lawyer,
George Merrill, who went north and relocated the cave,
in company with another man. Loth to divulge the discovery, he did nothing for some years and when he did
return the fires had swept through the backcountry and'
had altered its typography to such an extent that he was
never able to locate it again.
Several comfortable fortunes has been spent trying
to locate the cave. One man lived for fourtee'n years on
top of the Big Rock going ever every square inch'of it,
time and time and again, certain to the day of hisdeath,
that his perseverance would be rewarded. Today in a
sheltered hollow there* are a-few rotting logs at "right
angles to mark his home.
.  Another expedition spent thousands of dollars scraping-
the earth off the central portion of the rock.in a vain search-
f or the cave.   Once or twice eyery summer a group of old
prospectors will appear, at Bon Echo Inn, and armed '
with pickaxes and hammers, will mysteriously disappear
up the iron staircase mounting the Big Rock, certain that"
at last they are going to find ;he lost millions.  A day or
two later they creep down the staircase, climb silently,
aboard the Canadian Pacific train, and-go home as they
have come, without the treasure.    ' -
And over all the Big Rock watches as it has watched a
millions years, serene and indissoluble.
H
ere an
dTh
ere
,. British [z Columbia's    agricultural
production   last.-vear- increased   in
iralue ?4,000,000 over the 1922 period,
.figures.' compiled by the provincial'
Department   of-:��� Agriculture- show.'
���, A- -steady,. increase" in" the' volume
of .-wheat .-exports"-from ...Canada--is_
noted.in the .monthly/statement just
issued by. the Dominion Bureau of
Statistics. ��� In April, 1924; 6,085,465
bushels, in. all'. were exported, as
against 5,143,304. in.April,.1923;
Summer
It is anticipated.that.hundreds and
thousands. of-visitors to the beautiful Aiinapolis Valley, Nova Scotia,
will help. to celebrate f the . famous
fruit-district's ."Apple;' Blossom Sunday," which falis. ori June 8th this
year. -. The - entire f orchard belt, ;*x��
tending. -from Aiinapolis /��� Royal, to
Windsor,. a distance of about _80:
miles, is always white and pink
with, btessem in the first part bi
June,  -\ ���    ,..       ' ' - ~ " ���  ���
Hon. Honore Mercier, Minister of
t^nds and Forests, speaking, of arrangements made in the province for.
forest protection this year, stated?
"I realljr believe that the -way tha
service is organized and with tha.
good-Trill maififested by all classes
d�� the community, who realize tha
importance of protecting! your na-f
tional domain, the year will bo a
good one and-the losses reduced to
a 'miiunram.'V., . ..    -x'X"-'.  '--, }}���;}
X. The Teportv off the statistician to .
the  board  oi. grain commissioners,,
for: April,. recently  issued, recbwla
.ihe heavdest spring.great lakes ship?.,
ping, season on record;   The xeport .
says that .there ^are indications that,..
air the surplus of the western cropa
will, be moved :as: fast as txaJisporta-7
tion facilities permit, as export pur?,
shases. are;to be heavier than usual
Mid "all ocean tonnage ..out. of .Montreal for May arid.June has already.'
been .engaged, a3 well .as . part for
the' July loading.- '  " '
Something new in;the wajr of rail-
' way Equipment .'is' the new storage
battery   car, now   operating, over
Canadian -Pacific- lines between.Gait,
and Wamilton.    The  car attains a
speed   of   35 - miles   per  hour .arid
makes two trips a day ii_ ��ach direc-
..tion/  It has-three coiripartmenfs.
general,   passenger,   smoking   and.
. baggage, is of all-steel construction
and-will accommodate. 50 passeagers.
The service is reported to be giving
every satisfactioft to th* people of
the district. *
To Eastern Destinations
ON SALE DAILY MAY 22 TO SEPT. 15HRETURN
UMIT OCTOBER 31
Winnipeg ���....-;.
.......;...$ 73.00
Fort William.!..
:..'.'...')'.% 86.30
Toronto ���	
��� ������������'��������������������   **t)*/*'
Niagara Falls ..
.".v..-.;.".'..'- M0.6a
Hamilton.........
..........;. 1*3-75
Ottawa ............
............' i2?��95
Xrondon ;
..-...".V....".':��3-75
< Montreal..........
#��������*�����*��� ���# ^3**75
Quebec/...,.......
���;���*���>���"���������#���. 141*00 -.
Moifcton .........
.;.,....... I47;9<>
St. John ..;......
.......<.,..* 147*96^
Halifax-.;..........
.;.;....... 153.45
St. Paul..........
��� ����������*��*�����*���     ' f ?������v
Chicago...........
;....;....��. 86.00
Minneapolis .....
    72.00.
New York	
..,���..."... f47-4?
Daluth ...........
  72.00.
Boston	
�������*�����*�����������* *53*5"
Ask for Rates From ah^TpAiiy Point
������'���.-X-X Rottte yia Port Arthur or via Soo Line, through
Wiflnipeg or Portal, thence via Chicago or Sault Ste. Marie
via Great Lakes; or via California at additional fare; or good
to go via one of the above routes, return another*  ,
/ See ^L/6cal Agentvor Write for Details
J;: S'.: CARTER^ Distdct ;Paissenger Agents Nelsoii
V
I
I
.
\
x
X
ff. ���t\
i
%
<i
1
3*
THE), LEDGE,  GREENWOOD,   BRITISH COLUMBIA, THURSDAY, JUNE 12, 1924
X)
This is an extract from the Amendment te the
Liquor Act which comes into force if the Beer
Plebiscite carries.
1.  The board may grant beer licences in respect" of premises kept  or  operated   by  the
licensees and specified in the licenses.
2 and 3. Provides for advertising notice of application for license. > "���''���_.'.'
74-. Upon receipt of application and being satisfied of the truth of the facts stated in the
.application and that the applicant is a properfperson to be licensed, and that the premises
in respect of which the application is made are suitable and that the application is otherwise in order, the board may issue "to the applicant a license authorizinc him to purchase
beer from a vendor and to sell by the glass of by the open bottle the beer so purchased to
persons for consumption on the premises in accordance with the terms of the license.
. 5.. For the purpose of passing on any application for a license, the board may cause an
��� inspection of the the premises to be made and may consider any objections to the granting of the license filed with the board by any person. The board may at its discretion
grant or refuse the license applied for; and may at any time in the exercise of like discretion, with or without any hearing, by any writing under the hand of the chairman ofthe
board or of any two members of the board, suspend or cancel any beer license for such
reason as the board may.deem sufficient. , ":
'   6. Unless sooner conceited, every beer license shall expire at midnight on December 31.
7. Every beer license issued under this section shall be subject to all conditions and restrictions imposed by this Act or by the regulations in force from time to time.
8. No holder of a beer license shall keep or permit to be kept in any part of the premises
in respect of which the license is issued any bar or counter.over or at which any. alcoholic
or non-alcoholic beverage is sold. 7; y.X: 7; ; ,
9. No person shall have, keep, or consume any liquor other than beer in any part of the
premises is respect to'which a-beer license is issued.
10. The powers confeired by any general or special Act on a municipality to impose
license fees shall become suspended and be of no effect in respect of the business carried,
on by a person pursuant to a beer license issued under this Act.
Form of Ballot on the "Beer by the Glass" Plebiscite
Note - This Act
does not prevent
tbe sale of soft
drinks ���such as
Ginger Ale, etc.���
_ except over a bar.
The Intent of the
Act. Is.simply to
provide that there
>shalIite>rno semblance of a bar
on licensed. premises.
Do   you   approve   of   tbe   sale   of beer  by   tbe   glass   in
. licensed   premises,   without   a -bar;   under government control and regulation.     -
Yes
No"
X
Mark
Your
Ballot
Here
Vote and work for Beer by the^GIass
Moderation League of British Columbia
Gordon Ross, Sec'y
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada. Limited
Office, Smelting andjRefining Department
TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
purchasers ofGoId, Silver, Copperhead and Zinc Ores
Producers  of   Gold.   .Silver.   Copper,    Pig   Lead   and Zinc
���'TADANAC" BRAND
FOUND
Ladies raincoat on tbe Eholt road.
Owner can have same by calling at The
Ledge and paying for this advertisement
m
M
TIMBER
British Columbia's
Greatest Industry has
helped to kild and is
now further developing a
huge trade with the world,
Raw material is essential
1 to keep, foster and
: enlarge this business.
FOHEST BRASCH,
VICTORIA, B.C
Interviewed in Vancouver as to
the success of the round-the-world
CTuise completed on May 24th by the
"Empress of Canada," E. W. Beatty,
said:
"To. gauge the success of the
'Empress of Canada's' round-the-
world cruise one has only to ask the
passengers-their opinion of- the -entire trip. I spoke to several while
crossing from Victoria and without
exception^ they all expressed their
complete satisfaction with the ship,
its officers and the arrangements
made and carried out since the day
she left Vancouver, almost five
months  ago.    ,__
"That is good enough for me. It
is simple demonstration that the
Canadian Pacific can successfully
conduct cruises in competition with
any organization in the world and
maintain that company's standing
as a credit to Canada. The "Empress of Canada" has, carried th��
Canadian flag over the seven- seas
and into most of the world's great;
ports, and the missionary work she
has done for Canada in the various
countries touched should not be lost
eight of. As one result of the undoubted success of this cruise, w��
look forward with renewed interest
to the Canadian Pacific cruises of
next season. They include the West
Indies, the Mediterranean and another round-the-world cruise which
will be made by the" "Empress of
-France," already overhauled and fit.
ted. with "a view to providing th��
greatest possible comfort for her
passengers. The experience gained
this year will greatly help in enabling us to make these cruises even
more successful than tfeoge wceatly
completed.'* -   ' WW11J& .
Vancouver this season has beaten
Portia. \ the j^-eat wheat port of
the Northwest and formerly the
great _ wheat port of the Pacific
Partlaind includes flour in its wheat
totals, Vancouver does not. "According to the Portland press the American city has moved over 29,000,000
bushels of wheat to date. Vancouver, in the same period, shipped 38,-
000,000 bushels, exclusive of a very
considerable quantity of flour.
'���    ft ���-^_ j
- The much prized Wilder silver
medal, the highest award of the
American Pomological Society, the
oldest horticultural body in North
America, has been awarded to the
Central Experimental Farm at Ottawa for the'sixth time. The medal
on this occasion was given for the
I Lobo apple, one of the many fine
( varieties ����- Mcintosh Red parentage
originated at -the Central Farm.
General McRae Speaks
In epite of the early hour- of the
meeting of the Provincial Party at
the Greenwood Theatre on Monday
evening there was a very good attendance when General McEae,
one of the-founders of the Provincial Party, was the principal
speaker. . Mr, E. F. Keir was. the
chairman who expressed his pleasure at the splendid gathering.
In opening. General McRae said
he had not   been   able   to decide
whether the increased attendance
throughout the province had  been
due to the coming election  or to
the curiosity   on  the  part of' the
people to see what was left of him,
after, all the accusations had  been
made.     That   35,000   people had
promised   the   Provincial    Party
their support, that every cent donated of the $45,000 had been  used
for travelling expenses,   hiring, for
public meetings; that the Provincial
party truly represents all classes of
British Columbia-���these were some
of the points   emphasized   by  the
General in his   rousing" and' very
interesting " speech.    He   said the
great bulk of   the   good practical
citizens are   concerned  about the
welfare of the province. They have
been greatly  shocked  by some of
the actions of their own party, and
would like to get rid of the rot
spots.    The two old parties would
like you to believe   that   there no
rot Bpots,   that   there   is  nothing
wrong.    But now the rank and file
are demanding - something    more
than party   platforms."   They  are
demand ing -f honesty " in    govern ���
ment.    (Applause.)   .-
Continuing he said  many of us
found we could not clean  up the
party to whicli we  belonged from
the inside.    The thing to do was to
get on the   outside  and tear the
house down.  The Provincial Party
has been at that for the past 18
months.    In that   effort'we have
aroused   great antagonism.    Like
many other people I   do   not feel \
that I have left my party. ��� It has
left me.    Everyone has made mistakes.    It is not a crime to make a
mistake, but it is a crime to peipet-
uate  them.    Can   you   remember
one   instance    when    Bowser   or
Oliver  have admitted   they were
wrong?   The conception that politics is a game for   profit   has been
all too evident in B.C.    When you
come to Provincial Party nominees
we find a  party   composed  of all
classes and all sections.    We have
16 men in the   field,   15   of them
[.farmers, 15 business men, 9 promi-
'nent labor men. two ladies, the remainder chiefly professional men.
80 'you see we have made good onr
promises that this would be a true
party of the people.
General McRae  said   that tbis
was his first venture   into public
life, bat he believed he was generally recognized to be a business
man and he  continued that Mr.
Sloan was going to to issue a writ
against him.   He had been to Na-
naimo twice since that threat had
been made, but no writ  had been
issued.     Why?    Becanse   if Mr.
Sloan had issued it he would have
been up for examination for discqy-
ery,"which~hendid~not "wanfc""I
have been inviting  him   to serve
writs for months bnt I am afraid
you are going to go   through this
election without that  excitement.
We expect to win.   I! we  do not
who will have the courage feo take
up the fight again.    We have a definite platform before   the  people.
This platform was decided upon in
convention and every   member is
pledged to ifc.
The General spoke of the Oliver
scheme, the Sumas lake scheme,
and Mr. Pattallo'a plan to bring
out Scotch crofters and put them in
the Stewart lake country, 45 miles
north of Vanderhoof, without
church, school or road. The General said the thing was not to bring
out more people into the province
but to provide work for the people
already here.
He went into the question of
the lumbering and mining industries of the province and warned
she audience that the present government were considering royalty
arrangements In regard ��� to timber
that were not in tha'interests of
the people, -
.Referring to mining he thought
that the miner should'be given a
rah for his money and not' pot on
aU these unnecessary little charges
and taxes and fees and certificates.
Develope lumber and mines, and
you will haye opportunities for
men to get work, yon ^ will have
the girls and boys staying is our
province and yoa will have new
business. "AH I am here to ask
you to do is to help yourselves lo
government on the 20th of the
month," he concluded.
John Eedman then gave a history of the Provincial - Party from
the time off its first Convention.
He was confident that tha Provincial Party woald. win and a vote
for Atwood would be a vote for
good, clean, ioaesfe government.
A Woipan's Appeal
Who is asking for the Sale of Beer by the Glass?
The Brewers; certainly not the Retail Merchant or the Boards of Trade.
Who will Benefit?
Those who sell the Liauor. especially the Hotel Men.
Who will Suffer?
The Women and Children in the Homes, but the Men also.
How and Where will Beer fee Served?-
In Licensed Places where Meals are Served, and in Special New-Style
Bar Rooms with Tables, where young people and men and women
can gather.
; Who will Serve It?
Mainly Waitresses.   How would you like your daughter to be one
of them?
Does Beer Intoxicate?
Yes. popular B. C. Brands are guaranteed to contain as high as 10 per
cent alcohol Proof Spirits.
Does Beer Create an Appetite for Strong Drink?
Yes. little by little the craving for Alcohol is created.
Would It Decrease the Sale of Hard Liquor?
No. the Second Year of Sale of Beer by the Glass in Quebec the amount
of Hard Liauor sold increased $4,485,971.83.
Vote No.   Also Vote against anyone who favors the plan
This advertisement^ not published or ��� displayed f by  the Liquor Control
..;,������-   Board or by the Government of B. C.
The ordinary way to measure distance is by niiles. You think any
place you have in mind is so many miles away. It seems a long way off.
Look at it another way. Measure the distance by minutes. Say to yourself,
"Such or such a place is so many minutes away,!' meaning, of, course, that
if the telephone is used distance does not need to be consklesed.
If you want to talk to a friend or discuss a business matter, no place is
very far away. Not only that, but the means- of communication is always
right at hand. Every telephone is a long distance telephone. ��� Besides, if
you talk in tbe evening, you can take advantage of the special rates.
What Tom Moore
Says About the
Oliver Government
"The British Columbia Legislature
is now leading Canada in the matter of
legislation beneficial to the workers.
' 'It has the honor of being the first
Province to give legislative effect to the
8-hour day convention of the  International Labor organisation, passed at the
.Washington Conference in 1919.','   -
Extract from the   "Canadian Congress Journal,*'
February,  1924 '   -
"Between 30,000 and 40,000 workers
wili benefit from the Hours of Work Act
which comes into force New Year's Day,
1925."
VOTE  LIBERAL THE     LEDGE.     G-REENWOOD.     B.     C.
Famous Defender Of
Kut-el-Amara
Dead
Empire Day
At Wembley
All   Dominions  Were   Represented   In
Huge Gathering
There must have been r.egrly'7125,-
D00 persons in Wembfe; Stadium  on
May 2-1, to join the King anil Queen in
in Empii;e Day thanksgiving service.
Amid solid banks of humanity from
suburban  London  and   towns  nearby,
there  were  little   patches  of  natives
i'rom all parts of the British Empire.
A thin   line  of men  in  blue clothes,
many of them in invalid chairs, was
n. grave   reminder that  the  war  hospitals are not yet empty.
Needless to say, Their Majesties
had an almost over-powering reception on their arrival. """The proceedings which immediately followed were
unmistakably demonstrative of the
breadth of the empire, but were so
Admirably^balanced as to exclude any
...suggestion of llambuoyancy.
,7-Trumpeters of .the .Household Cay?.
'airy, heralded-the procession. . Royal
Cahadian'.^Iqunted'Poiice, who follow-
:'ed_: Iheir"-' nioref .soberly'uniformed
brethren'"of- the ..-Metropolitan -Police,
'were" ���" cheered "loudly. .- .The same
rousing reception was given to every
section of-the procession. - One phase
bf war's bitternl'ss was deeply impressed -upon-.the assembly when 'ai
line .of .sightless7iHen'-frorn St. Dunstan's- marched Vsteadily across the
arena". '���'��� .. "7- 7 ,
-.The ensigns"-.-of-all the Dominions
appeared in.the- procession,     A choir
'..of .1.000. Boy Scouts wa"s' another feature,.'while7'the\i)uke of Connaught
took the. salute.' - Thousands of musicians from all. branches ,of tlie army
assembled -inf.'the "stadium as,a final
fe'alure'fof- .the fproceedings, making
tlie biggest "b'ajif'i" the world has ever
seen. 7 :"".. ���:-'-..   '-'    '
...Mr. JCewrich-.wished'to give a concert in' his splendid salon, and so con-
,\suUed\a. musician; concerning neces-
: Bary- arrangements.'
"You will need .two first, "and two
second violins."'-
Drawing hiinsolf up haughtily, Mr.
-Newrich" said offended!j':
'��� -"No second vio'ins tor m.e, sir!    .1
am   rich    enough,   to have only the
.first.'1 x..; Xy).,:.
MEN OF
M*y Pa�� the Critical Period Safely
and; Comfortably   by Taking
':, Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable 7
'i ������;-'.. Compound. -.' 7 ;:
Regina; Sask.���"Iwas goirigthrough
Change of Life and .suffered for two
yearswith headache,
nervousness," sleepless frights.ancl.general weakness. Some,
days I felt tired'and"
uniii t to do my work".
I. gave- Lydia E.
Pinkham's ..Vegetable. Compound- a
trial and found good
results," and'' I also
I find it a very helpful
j Spring tonic and use-
  i.ful for constipation
from which 'I. suffer much.... I have rec-
. .ommended Vegetable. Compound.to several friends, and am willing you" should
- f publish.this."��� Mrs. Martha W. Lindsay, .810 Ebbinson. St., Segina, Sask.
. If yoa have warning symptoms such
as a sensefcf suffocation, hot flashes,
headaches, backache, dread of impending'evil, timidity, sounds in tbe ears,
paTpitation.of the heart, sparks before
the eyes, .irregularities, constipation,
variable  appetite, weakness, inquietude, and dizziness, get a bottle of Lydia
E. Pmkbani's Vegetable Compound and
begin taking the medicine at.once._W*
' know.it wiS fctip joa as it <#d Mra.
' Iindssfi. '-.���-.      .    . '       .
Italy Tests Device
For  Radio Secrecy
Inventor   Has   Proved   System   to   Be
Great Success
A system of radio telegraphy and
radio telephony which, according to
the claims advanced for it, opens up
a new field of radio technique, has
been demonstrated hy ils inventor,
John Hays Hammond, Jr., to Italian
army, navy and'-aeronautical authorities, who have been greatly impressed
by its possibilities.
The characteristics which confer
upon the new system its great importance are secrecy and the possiblity for
the same sending or receiving station
to send or receive more than one message at the same time on the same
wave length.
The system consists "in modulating
the carrier waves with a plurality of
super-audible waves, each one 0��
.which, can,, in its turn, be modulated
in such.a way aa to carry a message.
A . station using a certain wave
length can, it is.said", by simply changing": the ���frequency ��� of. the super-audible waves, send several messages
simultaneously -without "their interfering with each other.-
;As an infinite number of combinations of wave lengths can be obtained,
it is impossible, the inventor says, for
anyone to listen in on the message
unless lie should know beforehand on
what, combination-of wave lengths the
sending station is working." - This"
feature,' it was emphasized, confers"
privacy ,to the new system, which is
therefore extremely valuable for military purposes as well as for commercial uses.
These properties were brought out
in the experiments recently made in
Rome by army engineers, according
to an announcement'. - One* station on
the same wave length sent two simultaneous messages, one being a musical programme and the other the human'voice"." Each of these messages
was.independently, heard by the. same
receiving station several miles away,
while all the other stations around
Home were unable to1 pick up either
message, as they were unacquainted
wiih the particular combination of frequencies.
W.   N.   U.   1527
Tablet Bears Ancient Writing .
Discovered In City.Of Abraham, Is
Dated '4500 B.C.
The Joint Expedition .of tho British
Museum-and\ of the University' Museum, Philadelphia,' which has resumed
work at Ur-of.the Chalde'cs, the city
of Abraham, reports.' discoveries - of
the greatest'interest ;.G.' Ii "Woollcy.
leader of the joint' expedition;-reports
that the huge platform originally built
by'.Ur-Engur about2300 B.C;,.stands
almost intact, much-of its. brickwork
as' sharp as when the builders laid it.- "
^Details of the discoveries-made-are
given," and, describing the contents of.
a.sniall temple -aiid Hs surroundings,
the report "jays:
"Such' finds would have been indeed' noteworthy to whatever, .period
they-belonged,-but these are the more
surprising in'that they.are .the. oldest
works of-art'ln-irigtal yet known."-
' A marble tablet.was discovered, in-:
scribed in. S.umeriaiK. . Taken at its
face value, the Sunierian' chronology
would assign our statues and reliefs to
a date somewhere'about .-1500 B.C..'
even if that chronology has. . to be
modified, we' can ' yet say "that our
month's work has given us the oldest
dated example of. man?s handwriting
and the oldest known triumphs of the
art of Tubal: Cain."
Major-General Townshend Was 111 For
Six Months
Major-General Sir Charles B. F.
Townshend, famous as the defender
of Kut-el-Amara when he was commander of the British forces in Mesopotamia during the World War, died
in Paris, May IS, after six months' illness. He was on a visit to his
mother-in-law, Countess Cahen d'An-
vers, at the time��� of his death.
Major-General Townshend was born
in 1S61. He entered the Royal Marines in 1SS1 and sa\v extensive miliary service in Egypt, India and South
Africa.
At the outbreak of the World AVar,
he was given command of the British
forces in the attempt to take Bagdad
from the Turks. After a few initial
successes the Turks, who greatly outnumbered the British drove back Gen.
Townshend's forces at' Kut-el-Amara-,
he British suffering heavy losses in
Iheir retreat. From December, 1915,
to April, 1916, the British gallantly
held Kut-el-Amara, but finally were
compelled to surrender.
During the siege British aviators
several times Hew over Kut-el-
Amara and dropped food to the
starving troops inside. General
Townshend declared afterwards that
Kut-el-Amara never was captured by
the Turks; that the town fell after
148 days of siege from starvation and
mental and physical hardships which
were indescribable. The Turkish
commander permitted Gen. Townshend
to retain his sword when the town fell.
The British official report at the
lime of the capitulation announced
that the British force numbered 8,970
men. Gen. Townshend was released
by the Turks when Turkey signed the
armistice on October 30, 1918.
Some ' Modern  Crusoes
Number of People Content to Live on
Lonely Islands
Census returns recently issued in
Great Britain show a surprising number of instances of people who are apparently content to live Crusoe-like
lives on lonely islands.
Little Papa, in the Shetlands, for
example, has only one inhabitant,
while Havergate Island, off East Suffolk, has a total population of two���
both men.
' A man and his wife live alone on
the Island of Holm of Grimbister, in
the .Orkneys, while on Hunda, south of
Kirkwall, there aro three people, and
seven on Copinshay.
. There are tiny.groups of male and
female .Crusoes scattered throughout
the world. On Peliug Island, in the
Straits'Settlement, are a handful of
people who'live a tax-free life.
When Peling first defied the tax collector an attempt was made to'enforce
payment, and.K.M. gunboat AA7asp was
sent to persuade the islanders'to hand
over "their share bf the Empire's expenses, but the boat was wrecked and
all hands" were lost. Since then the
authorities have lelt thc place alone.
There, are about 352,000,000 cotton
spindles in the world.
Golf is becoming very popular with
the rank and fil-s of the British tor.
London's Smart Set
Now Prefer Carriages
Coach   Owner   Says   Horses   Coming
 Back  Into Favor    '      ���_ _
Tired of luxurious motor cars, many
members of London's smart set are re-,
turning lo the horse carriage for shopping purposes and for driving in the
park. Many smart equipages are
seen every day In Bond Street, May
fair and the park with high-stepping
horses as in the-Victorian era.
A well-known coach owner, who
regularly drives four horses in his
coach, expressed the opinion lhat the
carriage, horse is coming back into
favor. . Many people, arc. bringing
their horses up to 7town . from their
country" residences,, he" .said,.' arid
others-f are hiring carriages. and
horses in preference to'motor cars. ...
With The
Boy Scouts
What Is True Courtesy?
Just what is true
courtesy? For it is
not the performance
of some act of good
manners merely because you know it is
expected of you.
True courtesy is
shown in the spirit iu which you do a
thing. If you give up your street car
seat to a lady only because you feel
you must, it is not courtesy. If you
rise and give it because you wish the
lady to be comfortable, and do so
gladly and with a smile���that is courtesy.
King Edward's Though.tfulness
True courtesy comes from the habit
of thoughIfulness for others. A homely but perfect illustration is given in
a story ot the late King Edward, when
Prince of AVales. He was dining with
a party which included a man of little
social experience. During the lun-
cheou the man poured his tea into his
saucer for drinking. Immediately the
Prince also poured his tea into his
saucer, and so drank it���in order that
the other might be saved the discomfiture of discovering that he had committed a breach of conventional table
manners.
A similar story of thoughtfulness is
told of a certain English princess, who
when a member of a party dropped
and broke a cup, immediately herself
dropped a cup���to save the other's
feelings.
It Can Be Developed
There is a kind of politeness which
is only an imitation of courtesy; sin
imitation of the words and mannerisms understood to be characteristic of
people of social, standing. Its artificiality is nearly always recognized,
and only leaves an impression of insincerity. On the other hand there
are boys who really are thoughtful
for others, but do not know how to
show it gracefully. Such boys should
not feel that they are at a disadvantage as compared with boys who seem
to have the faculty naturally. Any
good quality like courtesy, acquired as
the result of sincere and intelligent
effort, is bound to be deeper and more
lasting than a faculty which has come
naturally and without effort. Boys
without natural graciousness of manner therefore should practice a courtesy of words and bearing that will
properly express their feelings.
is good tea
and the choicest of Red Rose Teas is the
ORANGE PEKOE QUALITY
T-l
FOR    BOYS    AND    GIRLS
"LITTLE FOXES"
By E. A. Henry, D.D.
Interesting Stories For Young Folk*
Published By Permission
Thomas Allen, Publisher
Lift Off-No Pain!
Bells For Canada
Set   of   Carillon-  Bells." Ordered   For
f Simcoe,-OntarioyAre Exhibited -' -
at Wembley ~.-\
,. Tlie set of carillon bells ordered to
grace  Simcoe,   Ontario,  Canada;   has
been - installed in- thef clock. tower -of
the Vickers Research Building: in- the
Palace   of  Engineering   at  AAfembley,
for the duration-of the exhibition.   7
The  bells,' 23 .".in .number, cover a
range.of two octaves,.except -the two
lower, semi-tones.' .: A 'weight-driven
tower clock mOvemenV   chime's " the
AVestminster. Quarters and strikes- the
hours, ,and   after   the  last  stroke--of
each hour releases the. starling, switch
of a fully automatic electro-pneumatic
machine which plays some-weil-.knowri'
air.     AVhen the exhibition closes the
bells will be shipped to Canada.
African Oranges
The latest orange orchard In the
world is located ih South Africa.
In that land orange cultivation has
reached such proportions that it Is
predicted South Africa will have
7,000,0.00 boxes of oranges available for export in 1930.   '.
Doesn't hurt one bit! Drop a littlo
"Freezone" on an aching: corn, Instantly that.corn stops hurting, then
shortly ;,you ; lift lt; right, off with
fingers. ' --..-      ; - ���.' ---.'-���
Your druggist sells a tiny.bottle.ol
"Freezone". for a few- cents, - sufficient
to remove every hard corn, soft corn
or corn, between the toes, and the foot
callouses,, without soreness or Irritation,. ..-.;.        7
f.Organizing FirstrAid Classes
;[��� 3. Cook, in charge.of;firsf.-aid activi-:
ties of: the" Canadian..Nalional Raii;
ways'.-westfern region.1 is;'on.a .tour'.of
the.west organizing first-aid .classes at
various -points,' including .Saskatoon,
Edmonton'aud Port.Mrt.nn; B.C.; . .'.77'
^enuuie
(Continued)
THE      SOLDIER'S,   OUTFIT���THE
��    .   KIT BAG
Oh, how grand it is to have a life
filled with precious values���the value
that makes us richer, and help to
adorn us and cheer us and brighten
us.
A little child on the seashore saw a
bright spangle. Picking it up, she
found;it was attached to a gold thread,
and drawing the thread, she found
other spangles, which she wound
round her ,neck and body., covering it
with brightness. And "as we go
through life, it is" very lovely to pick
up the precious sparkling things filled -with love value, and wind them
around our hearts.
Dear girls aud boys, have you anything of value in your lives���ot a real
worth while���real costly things?
Marbles and toys and air. balloons,
and wrist watches and spats and goi-'
geous neckties are all right; but you
will need more if you are going to
amount to anything, and I suggest yo.u
store your kit bag with precious
things of noble thoughts and lull
minds and-sweet-memories .and useful
deeds, for it is hot-what you have" or
how much you weigh that counts, but
what you are ancl what you can do.
Did you "ever "hoar people discuss-
inig somebody, and did you overhear
someone say, "Oh, there's nothing in
him." ..There'may be feet in his boots,
and arms in his coat sleeves and legs
in his pants, and a head in his hat, but
his real self fs empty���"To Let" is
seen written oyer his face.      ��.
Be something in this toiling age
Of busy hands and feet.
A light upon some darkened page,
A shelter from the heat.   '
Be found upon the workmen's roll,
Go sow or plant or plough.
Bend lo the task with willing soul.
Be something, somewhere, now.
Third: Each soldier has to have a
kit bag, and he puts his name on it
in white paint, so that everybody
knows it. is his.
You and I have lo carry our belongings with us too, good or bad, and nobody can steal ihem, as sometimes
happened with the boys' kit bags. Ours
always go along with us.
It seems so foolish not to gather
good belongings that you won't want
to bury or throw away. Life is a
queer sort of thing, and the strange
thing Is that while you carry your belongings with you, you are also send1
ing them on ahead of-you, and they
build your future home.
"A woman once dreamed that she
died and went up to heaven. Angel
guides took-her through the lovely
city and showed her its wonderful
streets and homes.
One was a magnificent palace with
a beautiful situation, and great towers
and windows. ��� She asked ,who it was
for and was surprised to hear it was
for her footman who did the, dirty
worlc around the stable-and house.--
In another street was a little bungalow���beautiful too, for everything was
fair and lovely, but still very small
and humble. She asked who that
was for, and was told it wa&^to be her
future home. In disgust she said:
"What! Do you know who I am, antl
f how much wealth 1 have? You give
my-ignorant loolraan a. great palace,
and me.this little bit-of'a'place." And
the angel quietly'said: '.AVell, madam,
.we are .doing our best with what's sent
.UP."-,.'-'   ,. '   -.-'" '.   ;���
���..So you see.your kit.bag possessions
are with-you'now,, but tht! real possessions of your' life.- your thoughts
and/-words and. deeds, are helping to
form theh'ome.you will some day live
in forever.'. . .' '-.:- ��� -
v. I think i'L would-be a.good idea to
see-that'we havo only, the best, and
send on only those things that will
help build a, beautiful home of the
sou!.' ....   .-.'.'-.-"'-���   -
Oliver- Wendell. Holmes, a great
American,- writer,/ once, wrote Iheso
words:"- ���������''���}_   .
"Build"-thee mora stalely mansions, O
- .XX . my soul,. [ "'
As.the swift"seasons roll; '
Leave thy low vaulted past;
Let each new temple nobler than the
��� ���������" .-last;   "   -     . .'.-������
Shut" thee"from, heaven' with "a dome
"". "    more vast   ..._���/
Till": thou; at length art free,
Leaving thine outgrown shell by Hfe>
unresting sea." .
A Giant Telescope
Being   Manufactured   in   England- for
Shipment to Observatory in
Russia
One of the world's wonder telescopes,'* which took seven years to
make, and stands higher than six men,
is now being tested and assembled at
the works of Sir Howard Grubb and
Son, where the final details are being
added before its shipment In three
nionths' time to the Simeis Observatory in Russia.
The telescope is worth ��15,000. It
contains a mirror, 40 inches wide, SV6'
inches thick, and weighing nearly 1,000_,
lbs., which took more than a year of
continual grinding and polishing to
make. This piece of glass alone cost
the Russian Government ��1,000.
The principal eyepiece is not at the
lower^ end of the barrel near the
ground, but juts, out at the mouth' of
the telescope. The observer is hauled up from the floor some thirty feet
below In a steel chair, and, dangling
like a spider from a gigantic pencil, .
follows the stars in their courses. The
movements of the instrument are controlled by a clock, set so that the star '
under observation will be kept in sight
as it moves across the ...heavens.
Thus, as the astronomer hangs in midair, he is carried in.an are inside the
dome, which also moves round as the
telescope is operated.
Many astronomicat telescopes are
made for vision alone, but this one is
constructed so that photographs may
be taken of the stars it mirrors while
the astronomer ��is ��� observing them
through, the ""eyepiece, on the end.
Completely Relieved
Of Her Kidney Trouble
So   Says   Quebec   Lady   After
Taking Dodd's Kidney Pills.
Madame    S.   Poirier   suffered   for   a
whole year before she.took Dodd's
'   Kidney Pills.
Les Cedres Sta., Que.-���(Special).���
No place in Queoec Province seems to
be too small to furnish at least one
person, who is prepared to say that
she owes her health to the great
Canadian Kidney Remedy. Madame
S. Poirier, a well-known resident here
is one o': Jhem.
"I have suffered for ono whole year
with my kidneys. After taking Dodd's
Kidney Pills my trouble has gone and
I am now quite well."
Dodd's Kidney Pills have become a
family remedy because people have
tried them and found them good. They
help Rheumatism, Lumbago, Diabetes,
Lame Back, lleait Disease and Urinary troubles, because all of these are
either Kidney Diseases or are caused
by the kidneys .failing to do their
work. j
Obtained from di'uggibis everywhere or The Dodd's Medicine Co.,
Ltd.,-Toronto". ~ " ���
Spillers, Limited, Building Elevator
Work has'commenced on the erection, of the, immense elevator which
i.s to be built at Vancouver by Spillers.
Limited, the great British company of
millers and grain dealers. The capacity of this elevator will,-it is stated,
be 2,000,000 bushels and its cost," exclusive of jetties, will be approximately $2,500,000. The construction ol
this'elevator will more than double
the," capacity of the port as it now
stands. " -  -
MRS. A. A. FOULGER
ForPairi      Headache   '
Neuralgia/    Rheumatism
Lumbago    Golds
Accept only a
Bayer package
[which contains proven directions
Handy "Bayer" boxe* of 12 tablets
!Also bottles o! 24 and 100���Kruggist*
aUpirtn !* ti�� irate ����*.. {wgitttfta ia
SmeS*) of B*7�� MufinftctBte ��{ Mcs��-
��e��{lcsrtae*t��r" ��i St��cjil����ii
Saskatchewan Butter.Production
.. Creamery' butter .production in Sas-
katchew'ari,'-���''during'- the fiist three
months of this j ear,.shows an increase
of'" 409,'ioS pounds; according to" the
provincial.dairy commissioner. Total
production, for tlie period amounted to
1.683,-764- pounds, compared with 1,274,-
306 -pounds for the first Quarter of
1923".
During the 21 years ending in 1305,
japaii had an average bf 1,461 earthquakes a year, most of them slight.
The   real   Eobin'son Crusoe's name
was Alexander Selkirk, a Scotchman.
This Nurse Sends V Message
to Every Womsw in Canada
Brantford. Ont.���* During twenty-one.
'years or experience at ntirpii.fr, 1 not
only took Dr. Pierce's Faveritft Prescription myself to keep up my health
'and strength, but I have also recommended it to many a patient, especially'
to crospactsve mothers, and think it is
by iar the best tonic and. nervine that a.
woman can take, and for that reason I
give It my highest endorsement.'--31rs.
A. A. Foulger, 4T"Sberidan Street.
Health.^, most - important to every
���woman. ISBpu cannot afford to neglect
It when yonr neighborhood druggist ca��
supply yoa wUb. Favorite Prescription,
ia tablets or liquid. This Brescriptioa
is made in Dr. Pierce's Laboratory ia
Bridgebnrg, Ont. Send 10 cents titers
il you wlsfa & trial package, I.
w.
/
il
I
tf
THE     LEDGE.     GREENWOOD,-    B.     0.
SMOKING TOBACCO
IS FOUR TIMES SEALED
7ieeuleriix*firtr
pneff*nfl!ii/*ptr+
Tkfrriultr "<Xi
Chum wnpper
ihojuiai mm*
. ind trtlemark ���
(���Tht heavy
manilb pip*r-
to bring you the full richness
and mellow sweetness of this���
Tobacco of Quality
Manufactured by'
'IMPERIALT06ACC0 CO. OF CANADA LIMITED
Insulin Value Shown
Statistics   Show  That   Diabetes   Has
Declined 23 Per Cent.
Evidences that the use of'insulin,
the new discovery for curing diabetes
6 serving to '.halt the mortality rate
.Vom thefdisease, are contained in
statistics just made public by the
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company.
With the record of its 15,000,000 industrial policy-holders ioiy the first
quarter of 1924 at hand,,the statistical
bulletin .of ��� the company announces
that "mortality from diabetes declined
23 per cent, as compared: with the
first quarter, of last1; year among the
while policy holders, and 17 per cent,
among the colored. Each additional
month helps to confirm the impression
that the, growing use of insulin is an
important factor ^ in bringing this
about."
The death rate from diabetes for
March, 192-1, was 16.-5 per 100,000, as
compared with 22.3 for ..March, 1923,
according lo the company's figures.
Peevish, pale, restless and sickly
children owe their condition to worms.
Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator
will relieve them and restore health.
For War Services
���Ralph Conner Paid $17,640 As Captain
and Chaplain in C.E.F.
Rev. Dr. C. AV. Gordon,""Ralph Connor," of AVinnipeg, was paid $14,67S
for his services as captain and chaplain In the Canadian Expeditionary
forces. The amount paid to his "dependent" was 52,962 during this period, making a total payment bf $17,640.
Br. Gordon served for four years,
three months and twenty-eight days.
j^Tparfof the time"lieTwas"ebgaged in
delivering addresses at patriotic meetings throughout Canada and the United States, The information in regard
to his services was given in the House
of Commons in answer to a question
by William Duff (Liberal, Lunenburg).
Manitoba Increases Butter Output-
About 15 per cent, more butter .was
produced in Manitoba in' 1923 than in
the "preceding year,. according to an
estimate of the provincial dairy commissioner. . ,Tlie quality, he states, Is
also distlnclly ahead of last year.
The wolf is the most dangerous wild
animal in the United States and Canada. ' ���       y '
%Zyovf,EYES
Refreshes Tired Eyes
WtltcMi ine^ ..Cli.c-Bo.fo.EyeCfireBooi.
MONEY ORDERS
AVlscn sending money by mail uso Dominion Express Money Orders, Safer
than rending bills.
G
niHi
lion
S'p'c
.das
ERMAN ��� MONEY for sale���200.000
ks.  SOc: 300,000 marks. 90c: one mil-
mnrks. $1.25; ten million.marks. S6.S0.
cially-linpo?*.Co.. .(Dept. i)-3 AV.'Dun-
S_.,;-Tor_or_tu.'Ont.'  , . .'   ,    ��� 7
Russia's Fighting Malaria
Tropical Disease Has Become Virulent
In Northern Part
The stupendous loss of life'suffered
in Russia during the war, and through
post-war epidemics, is just becoming
known through the medium of official
information' which has been published
in Germany. -Epidemics of typhus
fever, cholera and smallpox which devastated vast areas have been largely
checked; but the country is now in
the grip of malaria which has attained
tropical virulence, ��even far, north.
Medical history invariably attributes
the downfall of Greece and Rome to
the introduction of malaria. The
Persians are supposed to have carried
this enervating disease into Greece,
and no fewer ihan 7,000,000 Greeks
perished from it, according to ancient historians. The Greeks, In turn,
are believed to have been responsible
for its spread In Rome. It Is regarded as a clinical fact that peoples
which have hitherto been entirely free
from malaria or other germ diseases
succumb the more readily following
their - introduction because they possess neither natural nor'acqulred immunity with which to combat them..
WORLD HAPPENINGS
BRIEFLY TOLD
SATISFIED MOTHERS
No other medicine gives as great
satisfaction to mothers as does Baby's
Own Tablets. These Tablets are
equally good for the newborn babe or
the growing. child and are absolutely
safe. They cannot possibly do harm
���always good. The Tablets are mild
but thorough laxative which regulate
the' bowels and sweeten the stomach
and thus relieve baby o�� any of the
minor ills of childhood such as constipation, indigestion, colds, colic, etc.
Concerning "them Mrs. 'Arthur Fillion,
St. Sylvestre,' Que., writes:���"Baby's
O.wn Tablets have been of wonderful
benefit to my baby who was suffering
from constipation and indigesilon, 'I
always'keep the Tablets, on hand and
would advise all mothers to do likewise." The Tablets are sold by medicine dealers or by mail at 25 cents a
box from The Dr. Williams' Medicine
Co., Brockville, Ont.
Increase In Employment.
Conditions    Show    Considerable    Improvement  According  to- Government Report
Considerable  improvement in " employment was Indicated    in    reports
from employers to tho Dominion Bureau of Statistics at tho beginning ot
May, when- some. 20,500 workers wero
added to the staffs of the reporting
firms, according to a report Issued by
tho bureau.      . -       ���-''/'
An aggregate payroll of 760,700 persons was reported by the 6,008 firms
making returns, who had employed
710,162 workers on April 1. - While
practically all industries shared in tho
upward movement, the gains in construction,- manufacturing, -mining' and
transportation were most noteworthy:
Cigarette Papers
o
,Lai-$e Double. Book
120 Leaves
Finest You Con Buy/
AVOID IMITATIONS
_W��H_HEW  FRKNOK. RBMKOV;
THERAFIONN0.-2
THERAPiONNQ.3
Be. i tor BUdder Catarrh.   So. a for Blood ft .
IkSEDlsenles. Me.3forChroDlcW����3-i_������6��.
_K>_.�� BV LK<r>INCCHF��_ISTSw_'II|C_'.m E*b'_.___ID_3t_
. Ell.LeCLSR< ��_.-.-Ca.H��rrrt.ot:'-__U.N.M'.-., LoVirfoiw
���Ja Mjui/SJ. Jttow 11. Pk'.ht St. East. Toboxio.
JE   *!*���    HI.   P-tKJ.    SlXEET   WEST.    MoNTKEAU
Will Have 600 Planes
The London Westminster Gazette
says that when thoYaiiv���ministry's prb-
,gramme is;completed,'. Great Britain'
will have 600 "up-to-date first-line 'airplanes:.arid"'a. similar niiniber'.Of. reserves 'employed exclusively in-de-'
fence.     ,_'".���������
-Corns disappear when treated with
Holloway's Corn Remover without
leaving, a scar.
Had Small Noah's Ark
-A passenger o.ithe Cunarder,- Sax-
onia, which recently docked at Halifax,- brought a small" Noah's ark with'
him. He had two ge��se, two ducks,
two owls, eight different kinds of cage
birds in pairs and a pair of white mice.
Minard's Liniment for Falling Out of
Hair.
Hon. George Lawrence, former minister of agriculture and Immigration
in the Roblln Government of Manitoba,
died in San Francisco, Cal., on May
25th.
Seven families just arrived ln the
Dominion, appear to have established
a record in immigration with 11 adults
and 54 children of various ages from
23 to 1% years.
Chong Sam Bow, four times tried
on charges of murder of Arthur Jones
in Vancouver, has been granted leave
to appeal to the Court of Appeal in^
Victoria.
Dr. Coleman, woman physician, and
Mrs. F. W. Jarman, \purse, Toronto,
havo left for service ln the James Bay
district. They will travel by aeroplane from Cochrane to Moose Factory, their headquarters.
Premier ^Stanley M. Bruce has outlined a scheme for the acceleration of
the settlement of British Immigrants
in Australia, the . scheme including
free passages for children under 32
years of age and half fares for children between 12 and 16.
That Canada's building^ and the exhibits, which it houses are the most
striking in the British Empire Exhibition ls the opinion expressed by Hon.
W. C. Nichol, Lieutenant-Governor of
British Columbia, who has returned
from an extended tour of Europe.
Neuralgia Conquered
Its Pain Destroyed
Magical   Results   Come   When   You
Apply
NERVILJNE
IT ACTS QUICKLY
Mr. W. T. Greenway, formerly connected with the Guide newspaper staff,
has written: "For twenty years we
have used Nerviline in our home, and
not for the world would we be without
it. As a remedy for all pain, earache, toothache, cramps and disordered stomach, I know of uo preparation
so useful and quick to relieve as Nerviline." Remember this, wherever
there is pain, rub on Nerviline, and
you will get prompt results���35c at all
dealers. -        ���     .
Production of Motor Cars
Is
Motor  Vehicle  Output  in  Canada
'��� Rapidly Increasing"' "^
The production of motor vehicles in
Canada during 1923 exceeded all previous records; and reached a total of
14.7,582 valued at ?97,639,714, as compared with 101,007 in 1922 and 94,144
during 1920, according to a statement
just Issued by the mining and metallurgical branch of the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. Included in the
foregoing total was 380 trucks, valued
at.$755,638.
Employment was- afforded to 9,305
persona, an Increase of 1,061 over the
previous year, and 1,024 over the
number employed iri 1920.
Salaries and wages advanced .to
?14,998,267,- an -Increase of��� $3,724,624
over the previous year, and $1,667,183
In 1920.      _
There were 10 firms engaged in the
industry in 1923 as aga!nst~'15 in the
previous year. In spite of the decrease in number, the capital employ
ed increased from 547,761,964 to $60,
146,195.
Clark's Beans Wiih Pork
Clark's Beans and Pork are all cooked, ready to heat and serve. They
Bave labour, fuel and worry and en
sure perfectly cooked . beans.. The
family size contains two pounds net
weight,
"Let the Clark Kitchens .'help you."
-" Alberta Great Golf Province.
- According to figures which1 have
been compiled, Alberta stands second
only1 to Ontario In Canada in the matter of the number of golf clubs. Ontario has 116 clubs, while Alberta, haf"!
56.      - 7      '       X-x ";'-
Miss Eva Roddick
Tells How Cuticura
Healed Eczema
* My trouble began with an^itcb.
ir_& and, burning of the skin ..and
ihen. eczema .broke
out on my. hands bi
a rash. It got' so trying-' on',.-my..: nerves
"that. I 'scratched, it,
which caused watery,
eore eruptions. It
was/ very .painful t'o
put my hands in
water, aiid hard' for xae.Jtb do my
work. I ilao lost iny rest at eight
because of the irritation.
"I began using Cuticura Soap and
Ointment and they helped toe; and
after using.'almost two cakes of Cuticura. Soap and two .boxes of Cutl-
saira" Ointment I was completely
bealei" (Signed) Miss Eva Roddick, F*lleigh Lake, Nova Scotia.
Daily use of Cuticura Soap, Ointment and Taicmn helps to prevent
skin troubles,
tunple Kick ?m fcy K��fl. Adsfrera Cuaidfiui
Dejwt: ���' OatUiM*, _��. O. aaUM, HaatowU."
��ti��, Soapffic 0!_i___!��at MesdWe. ToIcsmSs.
IT onr kow Sharing Stick.
This charm you
can
Youthful radiance of complexion! Millions of
women have learned this simple way
The fresh softness, the radiance
of youthful skin need not be lost
as the years accumulate. Clever
women guard this charm���keep
it!���today.
This simple method docs that
for millions of women. Now you
may use it���and keep that schoolgirl complexion.
You need only do this
Cleanse thc skin regularly, authorities say, to keep your complexion lovely, radiant, youthful.
Volume and
efficiency
produce
25c quality
for
But beware of harsh cleansing
.methods.  Thcy injure skin.
Wash thoroughly with
Palmolive Soap���each night before retiring. Rub the creamy,
foamy lather well into the tiny
pores. Rinse ��� and repeat thc
washing. Then rinse again.
Then���if skin is dry���apply a
little cold cream. That is all. Skin
so cared for is not injured by cosmetics, by wind and sun, or by dirt.
The simple, correct way
You cannot find a more effec
tive beauty treatment. Because
Palmolive Soap is blended of rar��
palm and olive oils���famous for
mild but thorough cleansing
qualities since thc days of Cleo-
< patra. And it is inexpensive.
Be sure you get Palmolive ���*
which is never sold unwrapped.
All dealers have it. For just one
week try this simple method and
watch results. You will bc astonished, delighted 1
Use Palmolive for the bath,
too. Thousands do ��� it is so
economical.
THE PALMOLIVE COMPANY
CANADA, LIMITED
Winnipeg
Toronto
10c
OF
Montreal
Palm and olive oils
���nothing else���give
nature's green color
#��� Palmolive Soap.
_24<H
Lost Mine Re-opened
Old Eureka Mine In B.C. Is Now
Working Again
Every mining district seems to have
its lost mines, but It seldom happens
that such a mine is found and re-opened. British Columbia's original lost
mine���lost for fifty,years or more���has
been found and work will begin immediately to get out the high-grade
silver ore.
It 13 what is known as the old Eureka mine, search for which has lured
prospectors for years. It Is eight
miles from tbe town of Hope, B.C.
General J. W. Stewart and associates
are now owners of the mine and a
crew of men and supplies have recently been sent in.
The lost ��� Eureka was last
heard of in the early "?0's. According to the story which has gone the
rounds of prospectors for years, it was
discovered by an Indian trapper, who
brought a chunk of solid silver into
the then wild and woolly western mining town of Hope. Hope waa then
the mecca for hundreds of adventurers from all over the world, attracted
by the gold in the' rich bars of the
Fraser Elver.
A company was formed in which
were many men prominent inJBrltisli
Columbia in those days. ' Cabins
were built and mining with crude
methods was undertaken. Considerable ore was taken' out and, shipped
to San Francisco to' be treated. In
those days the ore had to be packed
from the mine to Hope on the backs
of Indians/        . .        "
Even with the. tremendous transportation coat, the -mine paid until
the owners got into 'difficulties ' ancl
with the gold rush turned elsewhere
Interest in that part ot the country
waned t and the old mine was finally abandoned. ��� -   '
Theu it b&eame lost lo memory as
far as Its exact location .was concerned, but^tho "lost mine" story-remained to be often told by old-timers and
given'llttle credence by thos'o who had
heard stories of that kind before. That
the mine really existed was a matter
of record lu the archives-ot the province. , y .
About three y-jars ago A. S. Williamson, whilo hunting, discovered
the old camp and workings. He interested his firm���Foley, Welch and
Stewart���in the discovery' and engineers were sent in and gave the
property a thorough examination.
Belief - Is expressed . by > those in
charge of development work that the
Eureka will be a bonanza silver mine.
SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON
JUNE 8
EZEKIEL
ENCOURAGES
EXILES
THE
-    Trade With Germany
, Canada's trade with Germany
doubled in the last fiscal year, according to recent trade.returns made public. In the twylve months ending
March, 1924, iniports from Germany
were $5,379,737, an increase over the
preceding .'fiscal year . of $2,811,328;
exports; to Germany were $16,153,673,
an.ine'reasVo? $6,202-,796.-    -   '  '     \
~ ., More Factories
Business "--is." not. altogether at a
standstill iii Canada. During April
contracts 'were let in various parts of
the Dominion for 37 factories which
will cost 33,641,000, or almost a hundred thousand dollars each.���Toronto
Globe. .
Canada Has- more surveyed territory
than any;other country in ihe world,
according to the president of the Dominion Land Surveyors. ��� -.
Minard's   Liniment
. Pains
for   ^ches   and
Golden Text.���I will seek that which
was lost, and will   bring   back   that
which    was    driven    away.���-Ezekiel
34:16.    ,
Lesson.���Psalm 137.1-6; Ezeklbl 34,
Devotional Eeading.���Psalm 23.
The Text Explained and Illumined
I. The Selfish Shepherds of Israel
Denounced, verses 1-10. In these
verses the prophet Ezekiel la thinking of the old state of things in Judah,
and is denouncing the rulers as unfaithful shepherds of their flocks. To
them had been entrusted the care of
the people, and-they cared only for
themselves, using their position to
further their own ends, while their
people were scattered over the earth.
What they had failed to do, Jehovah
himself promises to do: the flock
shall be gathered 'arid tended . by
Jehovah aud his servant David.   *
II. Jehovah's Care of His tI?lock,
verses 11-16. We have, in these
veraes a glowing picture of hope. The
prophet Ezekiel sees the. time coming
when the exiles, no" longer, scatter
ed, will be brought back to their, own
land like sheep to their fold, and
Jehovah himself will care for thtem as
a shepherd cares for his flock, gathering the scattered, caring for the sick
and wounded, feeding tho flock in
security. ''We can almost see that
���harried, panting flock, worried by
wolves and dogo, scattered amid the
drenching mountain-mists, but tracked and gathered by the shepherd-care
of God" (F. B. Meyer). Compare
Jesus's word3. in Lk. 19.10 :��� For the
Son of .man came to seek and-to save
that which was lost; and in Jn. 10.11:
I am the good Shepherd.
The Death Ray
Machine Copies Statuary
Guided By Photograph New Invention
���Vj Does Perfect Work
An invention which chisels out a
beautiful ��� sculpture by machinery,
guided only by a photograph,'has been
brought to such perfection - that a
sculpture^studio has been opened for
Its development in London,.' To make,
a photo-sculpturo the sitter is placed
in front of a lantern which throws an
image of hundreds of the parallel lines
on the face. Two cameras are placed
one each side of;the sitter, and photographs are ��� taken of him in which
these lines appear more or less wavy
according to the contours of tho face.
The mechanical sculptor is a very ingenious Instrument wliich can interpret these waves as relief." At ono
end, of a lever Is a pointer; s�� the
other end is a drill. If the pointer
be drawn over the lines, one by one,
and, traced exactly along their wavy
pattern, each time It is moved to one
skip...to follow,a curve, the drijl.digs
downwards; the bigger the wave of
the line tbe deeper ihe drill works.
Side to side motion is translated into
up-and-down movement. The 'drill
so guided carves.'out. a picture in relief, which gives :a faithful portrait of
the sitter," and' - from this a bronze
statuette' or "plaque can be made.
Beautiful statues ..can be copied without removing them. Miniature models
of beautiful buildings can be produced,
and models can be-made ofall kinds
of specimens, for scientific purposes.
Tokio,. Japan, was shaken by an
earthquake, Nov. 11, 1S55, which' destroyed 50,000 homes and killed 6;700
people.      ���' -  -        *
The "hand"'' us^d' in reckoning the
height of a horse is equivalent .to four
inches.' ' ���'���"������-.
Minard's Liniment for Distenipej;
Can Hait.Planes and Cars by a Patent
Device
Dr. T. F. Wall, lecturer in electrical
research in Sheffield University,
claims to have discovered a "death
ray." He has applied for a patent
covering "means for transmitting
electrical energy In any direction
without the use of any intermediate'
transmission wires."
Dr. Wall expressed the belief that
his invention will be capable of destroying life, stopping airplanes in
flight and bringing motor cars to a
standstill, although he has not made
tests on a large scale as yet.
No Asthma Remedy Like It. Dr.
J. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy l3>distinctly different from other so-called
remedies. Were this not so It would
not have continued its great work of
relief until lenown from ocean lo ocean
for its wonderful value. Kellogg's,
the foremost and best of all asthma
remedies, stands upon a reputation
founded in the hearts of thousands
who have known Its benefit.
Taking a Few Notes
- Convict.���What are you doing here?'
Reporter.���Only taking a few notes.
Convict���Well, you'd better be careful;  that's what Jim Is' here for.
Arabia Lacks Rivers
Though Arabia is some 1,250.000
squara miles in extent, there is not
one real river in It3 whole length or
breadth.
WWGLEYS
��"*    After Every Meal
It's fhe longest-lasting
confection you can buy
���ancl it's a help to digestion and a cleanser
for the jmoiifh
and teeth.
Wrlgley's means
benefit as well as
pleasure. ,
Sealed
in its
Purity
Paekaae
>.
Yom: Grocer
Fr*e PceTpe Bosk���
Write *he Harden (Se,
Llmitedt  Montreal.! THE! LEDGE,  GREENWOOD, [BRITISH COLUMBIA, THURSDAY, JUNE 12, 1924
THE LEDGE
Is .$2.oo a year strictly in advance, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance,
G. YY. A. SMITH
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices  $25,00
Coal and Oil Notices    7.00
Estray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificale of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal advertising, 12 cents a
Hue first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, uonpariel
measurement.
Transcieyt display advertising 50 cents
au inch each insertion.
Business locals i2^c. a line each insertion.
"That Man Henniger"
In "Farm and Home" of August
ISth, 1921, there appeared under
the above heading, an editorial
from which the following extracts
are taken. The opinions of Farm
and Home should be of interest to
the electors of Grand Forks-Greenwood riding at the present time.
"Grand Forks may compliment
itself on having provided British
Columbia with a real political representative of integrity, strength
and all round merit in the form of
E. 0. Henniger, the present"""member of the Legislature for that riding.
"Henniger was elected as a Liberal and won his seat on the
strength of the promise of a badly
needed irrigation project . . . . .
Henniger was sincere in his desire
to serve his community and was
not merely looking for a seat in the
legislature.
"While there is nothing fancy
or oratorical about Henniger there
is a great deal of solid worth. He
holds, his constituency above his
party.
. "One thing is certain; no matter
under what banner Henniger travels, he will serve his constituency
. faithfully. ' He is of the type for
which rural British  Columbia has
. been looking for a long time . ". .
Grand Forks will do well to.keep
Henniger where he is."- "
Absentee. Vote May be Cast
7; Persons; who find themselves
away from: home on; election day
may yet vote;i�� they arefon the list
in;their own-"ridings, by 'reason of
the-"absentee" clause in the Elecr
fcioii; Act, They vote- as. do others,
here, but in a separate. booth . and
the ballots are placed in a special
ballot box. All '^absentee" are then
segregated arid sent to the. returning officer'in their respective ridings, who keep them sealed for .21
days,'." Oh the 21st day - after elec-
.tion day the .election officers open
fthe-sealed envelopes containing-the
.absentee votes, "after   getting-the
. time of fday7 for doing .this, arid
count them in the. presence of re-f
preservatives of.the political parties.
The result of this counting is then
communicated to the* government
at Victoria.     ���; f .',-   '; -X _.;:'���- .;,
'The Sheik"
"���" George''.Melford's"superb' pic.-"
turizatioa .of E. Mv-Hull's famous
novel,. "The, Sheik;" "which is the
literary sensation . of' the year,
.willi be seen at. the   Greenwood
/TheatrS 011 Saturday, ;June 14th,
'at7  p.m."".- (Note the.'change of
.time.-.)."-"   ..'.-.'"'"'."-'' -.;   ... '-'
'Agues Ayresi Paramount. star,
arid Rudolph ;. Valentino, Vwho
made -such a. hit in "The Four.
Horsemen of the Apocalypse,"
are7the featured, players."   "-7
Myers Creek News
Miss Clara Scott has been ap-
poineed chef at McArthur's camp.
John McArthur returned to the
camp on Tuesday after a short
stay itf Greenwood.
Frank Fritz and Chas. Jaeger
made a business trip to Grand
Forks on Saturday.
E. C. Henniger paid the camp a
visit on Wednesday and discussed
the political situation with the boys.
Calix Delisle is becoming an ex-
pere Ford chauffeur having been
as far as Bridesville. He had no
previous experience in driving.
The lumber pilers at McArthur's
dont get much time to discuss politics as the mill is cutting iu the
neighborhood^ twenty five thousand feet daily.
Jt. A. Eoylance narrowly escaped
injury last -Wednesday when a
building he was working in collapsed. His many friends con'
gratulated him on hia lucky escape
A skunk invaded the Doukho
bor camp on Cedar creek looking for
sunflower seeds. Not knowing the
nature of the beast the Douks tried
to scare it off with sticks, They
left camp without delay.
Greenwood Superior School
Report for Month of May. 1924
21
449 5
20.43
97.57
DIVISION  III
Elsa A. Olson
No. on Roll       -
Total actual attendance   -
Average actual attendance
Percentage of attendance
Proficiency List
Grade III : Eugene Spence,
Beatrice McLaren,. Ruth Cox,
Violet Benson, Munroe Spence,
Donald Garris, Rosa Lucente.
Grade II a: June Toney, Alice
Ritchie, Hugh-McCurrach, Laurence Gulley.
Grade   II   b.:   Celia  Klinosky,
Mark   Madden,   James  Forshaw,
Ralph   Spence, Leonard  Sortome,
Victor Ritchie.
- Grade I a.: Dorothy Garris.
Grade I b.: Ernest Johnson,
Ernest Cox, Melvyn Fenner.
Rkgulaiuty and Punctuality:
Rosa Lucente, Eugene Spence,
Munroe Spence,' Violet Benson,
Donald Garris, June Toney, Celia
Klinosky," Ralph Spence, TLeonard
Sortome, James Forshaw, Dorothy
Garris, Ernest Johnson.,   -
PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
Minister.in charge"-',-.-_..      X- ..
Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw. B. A.
.'      - Greenwood
Sunday,fJune 15th.,
).""��� fBeaverdell 10.30 a. m.
XX-,  fdreenwood 7.30 p.m. .
SEMI-READ^
x,7 Tailored fGiothes:  .:���.
Special Display of
Nerv Patterns;
The Seasons Latest Styles
'���- '.For Men ���
y'fW���atr������ ".'
V-T.   THOMAS
Tailor aad Cleaner
Greenwood." B.C,
DR/H. E. GRIFFINw
X ,-:'-  '   .DENTIST   ''
Has opened, an office" above Cbas.;
,-. 7- King's oflice.     WW-
f   Open 9.30 a.111. to 5.p.m.7:.
Bowser ���aft*t wi^p^
:oneS::-'f;-:-J
Vote fer Provincial Party
*ve turned the grindstone long enoughs
to swing our axes.   Jane 20th' is the
Eopalixed
HreMitBates
Ew��. HENNIGER
w^g|meam
clothing; shoes; kitchen utensils and hardware; factory machinery and a hundred
pne
s;
7an��^
ami
If^nipp^;;^
fjura&^lp^
kBntislfeti^
i
;������.. ������'.V':
xx

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