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The Ledge May 31, 1923

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THE  OLDEST   MINING   CAMP   NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Vol.   XXIX. x
GREENWOOD, B. G., THURSDAY, MAY 3],  1923.
Just received a large shipment of
McClary's
V Enamel,  Tin and   Galvanized  Ware
Consisting of ���
Doufcle Boilers 3 sizes, Steamers 4. sizes. Stew Pots, Kettles, Milk
Strainers, Collanders. Pails, Wash  Basins, Dish Pans* Wash Tubs,
Wash Boilers, Sprinkling Cans, Etc.
We carry Earthinware Crocks suitable for preserving egrgs in
T. MVGULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28L. '��� GREENWOOD, B.C.
�� For Spring Cleaning you will need
i    ,    ������      :
O'Cedar   Mops,- O'Cedar  Oil,   Liquid  Veneer,
.Brooms,   Scrubbing    Brushes,    Stove   Brushes,
Sink Brushes, Mop Sticks, Self Wringing Mops, ���   |2
Liquid and Dry Ammonia, &c. &c. '""
For the best go to
I! LEE & BRYAN Phone 46
Mens Hats
for
Spring
"New
Fit-Reform
Samples for Suits
and Styles
Around Home
i
W. Elson & Co
FIRE
FIRE
FIRE
-_* , ____ , frrS
MAY 1st.
Fishing  Has Started  in Well
You are almost assured of success if you buy your
...    _ Tackle
.<> - -
from"
GOODEVE'S   DRUG   STORE
Splendid Assortment to  Choose From
CHARLES   KING
Real Estate.
Fire,  Life Insurance
Licensed by B. C. Government
Accident & Sickness Insurance
AUCTIONEER
Auction off your surplus Stock
Call 7 at my Office and see nie in
reference to any of above
MILLINERY
You are cordially invited to inspect
-our Spring Millinery, which includes the newest "ideas in-Ladies'
Hats, Novelties, etc.
Mrs. Ellen Trounson
Next door to Bison's Store
CK>000000000<K>0<KK>0000��000000000<>0��0<>��0��0��0<>00
WINDSOR HOTEL
GREENWOOD, B. C.
The WINDSOR HOTEL is heated' with steam
and electricity. Fine sample rooms. A comtort-
-'-' able home for tourists and travellers. Touch the
wire if you wane rooms reserved. The buffet is
replete with cigars, cigarettes, cooling beverages,
buttermilk and ice-cream.
ooo<h>ooooooo<>ooooooooooooooooooo<kk>ooooo<>ooo<^^
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge
Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw, B. A.
Greenwood
Services Sunday, June 3rd
Myncaster. 11 a. in.
Greenwood. 7.30 p.m.
Picture Show
' Benefit of-	
A Good Summer Shoe
At Cost .
Boy Scouts
The Manager of the Greenwood Theatre
has kindly donated the proceeds of the
Show to the Boy Scouts, so that they can
go camping this'summer
We are clearing odd lines.of Men's and Boy's Shoes
preparatory to taking stock
TAYLOR <& JENKIN
PHONE 17. GREENWOOD
Though  hearts be  broken through
vows forgotten: though faith  may
falter and sorrow beset���   - -
"Love Never Dies"
A Wonderful Picture of Love Everlasting
Sv?eet in simplicity, strong in spectacular
sensation, human in sympathy. Adapted
from Will Harben's "Cottage of Delight"
.. "    7 reels 7
Oue reel Chester Outing
"Korearing   Around Korea"
Also one reel Christie Comedy
.   "Oh, What a Night"
j     INDEPENDENT MEAT MARKET    1
,'We carry only the best stock procurable in _ y
Beef, Veal,  Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A trial will convince you "      "
I   JOHN MEYER    ��� - Proprietor I
GREENWOOD THEATRE
Saturday, June 2nd
At 8:15 p.m.
ADULTS 50c     -     CHILDREN 25c.
Dance After The Show
Refreshments will be served
Found
Found near the Post Office a
emblem of the order of Moose.
Owner can have same at The
Ledge Office,-
Conisierclal Travellers Will Find Long
Distance Telephone Service A Time
And Expense Saver
Travelling men can save themselves and" their firms endless time and
travelling expense by regular use of our Long Distance facilities.
.Within a few minutes, direct personal conversation can bc had with-any
desired number of customers or patrons who could not ordinarly be
"coveretV anil "spokento" without, the lossof many clays' time and the
many discomforts, inconveniences and delays incidental to country
travelling.
In addition to these factors it will be! found cheaper lo telephone than
travel.
Notice
Dr. O. M. Graves, Dentist, will
be in Ferry', Wash.," the first 8
dayB of every month.    ,
For Sale
Early and late cabbage plants
plants for sale at 1 cent each.
P. Campolieto
BMT1SH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY.
MCPHERSON'S GARAGE
GRAND FORKS. 3X.
Agent for Dodge, Chevrolet, Studebaker,
and Overland cars. Garage in connection.
D. MCPHERSON -       Proprietor
The   Ledge can supply   your
every need in  the printing line
and   at   prices   consistent   with
] first-class work.
Mrs. L; Portmann returned
home Sunday from;Grand Forks.
'- Mrs. E. Thompson, of Trail, is
the; guest of Mrs. E. S. Lock-
wood.
Geo. Hambly and Joe Darragh
left Wednesday'afternoon for the
Slocan.
Spring sown grain is growing
nicely and the crops are likely to
be good.
: .
Mrs. J. R. Jackson left Midway
on Sunday morning on a visit to
.the coast. ���'
*i Miss Nellie Keir and Lewis
Keir spent a few days in Grand
Forks this week.
Cash paid for hides at Brown's
Midway.   -
All Free Miners' Certificates
expire on the 31st May. Gun
licenses also expire on the same
date.
Special arrangements have
been made for music for the dance
after the show on Saturday
nighf.   	
. Miss Ruth Axam returned on
Tuesday having successfully
passed the Victoria Normal
school.
C. M. Short, inspector, made
an official visit .to the Canadian
Bank - of Commerce during the
week-end.
Eddie Morrison was successful
in passing the Normal school at
Victoria. He returned to town.
oa Monday.
Mr. and Mrs. L. Bryant returned on Saturday morning from a'
few days visit with relatives in
Grand Forks.
Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Madge and
daughter, of Rock Creek, were
the guests, of Mr. and Mrs. James
Kerr on Saturday.
Joe Price returned to the Susie
mine, Fairview, on Sunday morning, a.fterVspending a few days
with his family here.
It is surprising how cold and
disagreeable a wet. day in May
cau be. Sunday and Monday
were good examples.
E. J. Cochrane and H. Raikes
were in town the first of. the
week and made an official inspection of the Bank of Montreal. 7
C. R. Garris left for Spokane
on Monday to purchase a truck
for use at the CombJnatiqa'Jnine.;'
He is expected back on Saturday,
On Tuesday, E. W. Berg captured a coyote "pup. The pup
was crossing the road. at the.
north of the C. P. R. "bridge
when Mr. Berg caught it.
Mrs. A. J. Morrison,
nurse, has fitted up rooms and
will take patients after June 1st;
Price reasonable. Good treatment guaranteed. Box. 426,
Greenwood./     " V
Mrs. Geo. Inglis aud daughter,.
Irene, left Monday" afternoon for
several months holiday, in the
East, visiting relatives in Boston
and Maiden, Mass., and Meri-
gomish, N.S.
Mrs. Geo. Swayne, who has
been the guest of friends in town,
went to Midway on Saturday and
left there the following niorning
for ��� Kamloops where she ! will
visit her husband.
At the Court House on . Wednesday morning A. Trombley,: of
Eholt, was"up before P. H. McCurrach, S, M., charged with
common assault ��� on ' Mrs.. . E.
Moore also of Eholt He was
found guilty and fined $5 and
costs or two months in jail.. The
fine was paid.
By attending the Picture Show
oa Saturday night you will kill
two birds with one stone. * First
you will be doing your bit towards sending the Boy Scouts for
a week's camping this summer.
Secondly you will see a good
show. After the show a diance
will be held and refreshments
served.
Tim Sullivan, who spent the
winter at the Bosun mine near
Silverton, is spending a few days
in town. Tim will do some prospecting in the Fish Lake section,
Camp McKinney, this summer.
no. y^f
Sunflower Minstrels
Mrs. Bertha Krueger, wife of
Arnold F. Krueger, of Trail', formerly of Greenwood, died at her
home in Trail on May 22rat the
age of 50 years. She is survived
by her Jausband and seven children.
E. G. Randall," of the Bank of
Commerce staff, left for Grand
Forks on Sunday, having been
tranferred to the branch of the
bank there. D. G. Bedford succeeds Mr. Randall, having arrived
in town on Tuesday from Salmon
Arm. .        .      f.
'A band of gypsies were camped
in the City Park on Friday night
last. There were about 22 men.
women and children in the party,
which travelled in two ' motor
trucks and three cars.- They
continued their journey eastward
oa Saturday morning.
The lawns are quite green and
most of them are trim. An-old
gardener has informed us that
the grass cuts easier before seven
in the morning aud early mowing
keeps down dandelions. Even
these sturdy persistent flowers
are late this year. Dandelion
wine is a great. favorite with
some and is enjoyed by others
who can't get anything better.
The United Farmers of the
Greenwood Riding will hold their
Annual.Picnic at Ingram Bridge
on-July 2nd. There will be all
kinds of sports including baseball, pony races, trap-shooting,
children's races, swimming contests, etc. Picnic lunch���bring
your basket. Refreshment stalls
on the grounds. A dance will be
held in the evening at Rock
Creek Hall, Bush's orchestra
supplying the music. Everybody
.welcome.
C. E- "Bartholomew, president
of the Eholt Mining Co., was in
town during the week end from
Spokane. He was , accompanied
by Alex Morrison, T.EV White
and another; Spokane mining
man, who came to look over the
Combination mine and Spotted
Horse. 7 They, .inspected the
Spotted.Horse on,Sunday and the
Combination on Monday morning
leaving for Spokane in the afternoon..'--        X'   '��� "'������:       -   ��� "-"
: A crowded   house   greeted   the
Sunflower  Minstrels  at  Riverside
Hall   last   Thursday    night   who
gave a' repeat  concert. under the
auspices     of     the     Eock   Creek
Women's   Institute.     The   entertainment well merited their reputation and were loudly applauded in
their  various items.    In  a receut
issue full account was given of the
offering.    Suffice   it   to   say   that
each carried out his part in  an accomplished manner which  testified
to the   excellent   practice   undertaken at rehearsals  while the total
absence of self consciousness and
"stage fright"   was probably  doe
to the confidence gained  by repetition in public,
J. McD. Eeid was the only new
acquisition to the Sunflower Minstrels. He was well received in
his two songs and in the dramatic
part he took in the sketch.
Mrs. J. McD. Reid and Mies E.
B. McKinnell at the piano, E. H.
Corpe, mandola, and Geo. Clerf,
drums, provided the music
throughout.
After the perfor mance a dainty
luncheon was served and a dance
following lasting until threeo'clock.
Kettle Valley Notes
Service will 7 be held in tho
Anglican Church on Sunday, June
3rd at 7.30 p.m.
The Minstrel Show aud Dance in
Riverside Hall last Friday was a
great success, $140 being taken in
at the door. After supper a vote
of thanks was passed by G. Beavan
Gane, for the Women's Institute,
to the Greenwood Minstrels.
The Misees Edna and Maria
Williamson were down from "West-
bridge for a few days this week,
the guests of Mrs. Shillcock.
Mrs. G. Birch and two children
left on Sunday morning's train
for Vernon, where they will reside.
Midway News
Leslie Brown, of Abbotsford,
formerly of Midway, arrived in
town last week on a visit to his
sister, Mrs. Walter Clark.
Harry Borders is on a trip to
Spokane.
Communication
Rock Creek, May 26th.
Editor The Ledge:���
���Dear Sir,���
The members of the
Rock Creek Women's institute
wish to express their very grateful
thanks to all those who. helped to
make the Minstrel how on Thursday evening a succese. "We sincerely appreciate the splendid entertainment given us by the minstrels
of Greenwood, which was greatly
enjoyed by all present!
"Work, music and supper was
freely donated, which expresses the
good will of onr friends. "~	
We tender to all onr grateful
thanks.
M. Lindsay,
Secretary of the
Women's Institute.
Mrs. W. B. Stewart, who has.
been indisposed for some time, has
undergone two operations which
were very successful, her health
being much improved.
Mrs. J. Richter was the guest of
her sister, Mrs. Hawkes, for a. few
days last week.
Mrs. C. H. Martin and family,
of Oroville, were the guests of Mrs.
Chas. Moll.
Mr. and Mrs. R.-McMillan, Mr.
and Mrs. A. McMillan, and Mi'bs
E. McMillan, motored over from
Trail and were the guests of Mr.
and Mr6. R. D. Kerr on Thursday
and Friday last.
Wm. Jenks' Auction
.graduate.
j vThe Thabit"-~6f^grumbling" "or
blaming7the other' fellow for our
.hardships, is easy- to Vacquire^but
it'doesn't do any. good. .It don't
do-any good t.o! call the men from
whom-, we- buy robbers, and the
men to whom we sell thieves. If
we.put the tirneVwe waste calling
names into downright: .study of
ways and means to make the.
most of .our buying' and selling
we would, be ;doing" .something;.
From a business .'standpoint,' calling names is a mere waste of
time, but we get some fun out of
it. But fun aims .at emptying
.our purses instead of .filling.them.
Last   Thursday1   the 7?4th   of
May    was    the 7/-The   Queen's
Birthday'?, and "a   holiday.     To
-the'older" people it seems all the
boys and girls should feel a. thrill
which their fathers": and mothers
felt on the birthday, of  the Good
Queen  Victoria.     But; this day
stood  for .more  than  loyalty 'to"
the  Empire When Victoria was
Queen, for the majesty oLwoman-
hood  was .glorified on  that day
also.    Victoria, was not more a
sovereign than she was a woman.
.But our boys and girls wererborn
under  the star of King Edward
or of King George, and could uot
be expected to comprehend  the
majesty   of   the   combination of
sovereign    and     woman.     The
King's   birthday    will   be   nest
month, but there is not  one. person in ten could fell you off hand
the exact date.   Who remembers
King Edward's birthday?   Who
that was born ia the nineteenth
century    forgot    the   ."Queen's
Birthday.'';-; .'. )'yy"- '-V    W
Wm. Jenks' Auction held at
Midway on May 26feh, proved very
successful. There was a large and
representative gathering of ranchers from the.' surrounding district,
buyers coming from Carmi, Beaverdell,; Westbridge,- Bridesville, Rock
Creek, Boundary Falls and Greenwood.-' -W - XX,.-; ..." V; 7 -
7 Bidding: was "brisk: 7 and."prices
well/maintained.,.   Dairy.,cows arid
cattle were in good demand, 'prices
ranging, froni $25. to.- S90.accord-
to. quality! Machinery and implements."- brought;; fair prices.
Horses were : in poor7 demand.
Charl.es King the, atiotiqneer had
finished selling by 5 p.m. V
Rock Creek U.F.B.C. Notes
There will, be a  debate followed
by ��� a- dance- atVthe- -Oo-Op.er^r-
tive Hall, Rock  Creek at   8" p.m/
on Friday, Jane 8.    (Date haying
been     changed     from   the 9th.)
Bush's orchestra has been engaged
for the dance.    Admission  for the
debate, sapper and dance will be
75e.    The subject  of   debate will
be ''Prohibition." Midway United
Farmers being  "for"  and    Rock
Creek" United Farmers "against."
Everybody welcome.
" 'Speakers
Midway.'��� Rock Creek
W. Tippie : '.Xy     Commdr. Lewis
R. Kerr.  . --.    Capt. Brew
A. Landers W   7B. P. Hardcastle
All of TKem Were Wrong
.':',- A.conple. of;'saiIbrs7 got into.a
discussion over Vthe kind 7of an;
animals heifer was. One sailor
claimed.thatthe heifer belonged to
tbe;hog family,, the other that it
wa8 a variety pf sheep, x'i     '���-
7 Finally -they, called in Boatswain Bill.. V 7 V. XyX    :.;���'-
"Bill^woVs a heifer^is'.-H.a'-hog
or is it a sheep?" .they asked.    . '';..
Boatswain Bill bit, off av large
chew, reflectively;. -Then..he said:
"Totellynu the truth, mateSj
I.dnnno much about, poultry."" ".
David M.; Car ley, one of the
pioneers of the fourth estate in
this province, died in Victoria, on
May, 23rd. For ph.- years', Mr.
Carley was actively engaged in
newspaper work in the province.
Years ago he started the Economist . ih Nelson;. la ter - - merged
with the.Daily News.
' D. R. McElmon writes to The
Ledge from White Rock to say
that he is improving daily and
hopes to soon have his. usual
health back.. He statesthat the
season is much further advanced
at White Rock, the air is mild
and not chilly at night; When
things again open up he will come
back to Greenwood.   ..
^There-was   a.rmeeting-"of~theV
greenwood Riding District Association of.the. United Farmers at Rock
Creek on  the   afternoon ���] of  May
26th.- "Mr. Bruce, of Midway, was
in the chair,Vand  delegates  from
the Rock Creek, ; Mid way,   Rock
Creek. "(.Women) ���   and ] Midway
(Women) Locals attended.    ���
v  lb was decided to hold a Picnic
at Ingram7 Bridge, on 7July  2nd,
spo.rts of. various kinds to be; got
np on tfip grounds.' and a dance to
be held at the. Co-Operative Hall K
the Vevening; V  Committees ..were
also appointed. " )"��� x\ '-":���- 7 7
An  interestingVdiseuBsionV.took
place'on the question of a Hospital
at Midway, for the benefit [ot the -
district.; V All   delegates,-were";. in
favor of the project provided  that ;
it 7coyid; be arranged .financially.-.
���It was agreed that .it was a matter..
for the public and  not for United-
Farmers alone.     . V.77V--'     " .-:
..The   following V committee was
appointed  with;.power .to add toV
their numbers  from .tbe'general.  -
public: ...Major Gray,; .chairman;
Mrs. .Joe- Richtpr'.- secretary; Mrs.. .
N;  Lewis, -Chester   Chariton,;A.
Lander. -..   . Xy.���'-' -.7 -      -V'-V.7-' -' '-
At the conclusion''of thei meeting,
an excellent tea Vwasvserved,7 the   :
hostesses being .Mrs.... A.. D.; Mc- '
Lennan and Mrs. _ST. Lewis.   ������'
Boy Scouts
Troop Vineets on Friday., at
7:30. p.m". in the Fire Hall. '''-
XX . )y ���     yCvrnX: X y ". ""  yX
The Cubs will meet on Saturday at 2.30';pr7 iEn./iu the 7 Fire:
HslL-- ���'.; THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD,     B.     0.
Don't wait for someone to
be in pain to get Kendall's
Spavin Treatment in the
house.
For all external hurts and pains
���tor all muscular troubles.
Kendall's Spavin Treatment makes good.
KKXASTOX, Sast., Decern!).. Sth. 1021
Gel a bottle at \)our druggist '_ today.   Regular
for Horse Treatment���Refined for Human use.
DR. B. J. KENDALL COMPANY,
Enosburg Falls, Vt., U.S.A.
J.
SPAVIN
Celestial Bonfires
Appalling Scene When Two Stars
Meet in Collision
Every now and then a new point of
light makes its appearance among the
myriad stars that crowd the heavens.
Its brilliance increases day by day
until at length it becomes one of the
most conspicuous objects in the night
sKy. Then H begins to wane, and
gradually the star grows dimmer, until nothing i.s left but a minute point
visible only with the help of the most
powerful telescopes. Sometimes a
new star blazes up and fades away in
a week or two. In other cases its
light may wax and wane for centuries.
How are these new stars born, and
why do they blaze up suddenly, only
to die down again into obscurity,
usually within a few months? Some
astronomers1 think tliey are due to
appalling collisions between pairs of
the gigantic bodies that whirl at
dizzy speeds through space.
^Imagine two mighty globes as big
as the sun thrown slightly out of their
paths by some outside force. For
centuries they draw gradually nearer
to one another; then they begin to
exert a powerful mutual -attraction,
and rush on with ever-increasing
speed. At last comes the crash.
Moving at almost unthinkable speed,
certainly hundreds of times faster
than a rifle bullet, they meet in a stupendous, devastating collision.
Each is hot, for both are glowing
suns, but their own heat is nothing
compared with that generated by
their terrific impact. Every particle
of solid matter upon them is transformed suddenly into glowing gas,
whose temperature is so intense that
if such a collision happened within a
hundred million miles of us, the whole
of our world would immediately become a charred and smoking mass.
Fortunately their distance from the
earth is too great'for anyone to. feel
the effects of the mighty blaze.,.-A
new-star is .often'so far .away.-that-its
light ' lakes one "hundredL years to
reach.- theXearth���in.:.otbei> words'if
-a new.star appeared this .^month-V the
cataclysm" would' 'have' ."taken -.place
' not in-1923, '���' but/in 1823.7- ���- As/light
travels 186,000-. miles-, a- second, such
a;'new-star-would,be-.590;000,6oo,o6o,-
..000..miles away-froni'the-.earth.,
' --rOiher""scientists" believe that-these
great, bonfires' 'of the- heavens ��� are
'caused.-by; some mighty-.liberation, "of
��� pent-up forces -''within the' star itself.'
It-'may.be that" some ['. tiny cog-getting' out of.' ;_gear suddenly, sets-free
the 'mightiest "ofall=force.s, the energy
'that is-.'stored;.-up in. - the 'minute
"atoms -of- which; all matter .-is "com:;
"'pb's.ed. "��� :; ������.' . 7" .". X[y--- ;;-.-"-.
- . - In whatever >vay7.it..,cpmes to pass,
astronomers;. know'Vthat when they
���see:a new; star- tliey   are .witnessing
"tiie actual explosion of a sun.-' .You
:.;kriow. what occurs when a few grains
. of'-gunpowder.','are'; ignited-;--.������try "to1
.Imagine the same--'-thing-.happening
_'to:' ;;a'77huge rglobe;-weighing" billions
iip'oriVbillions   of   tons'-.    Tire   force'
" created is a - million billion .."times.
��� .greater than, that pf an. explosion ."of.
.-'" dynamite. 7" ���   ���';' - '��� ' ��� *'   '.'-���-. - ������'���'
3H
New Map of the Stars
36
Noted    Astronomers    Have    Spent
Years On  Its Compilation
"What i.s regarded as one of ihe most
modern studies in astronomy is Hearing completion in the Paris Observatory after 36 years of painstaking
labor. It is a new map of the heavens and catalogue of the stars. The
compilation shows that there are approximately 300,000,000 heavenly bodies visible through the powerful telescopes.
Photographing the heavens was a
plan first developed by the Paris Observatory, and its then director, Ad-
minrl Mouchez, was called here in
1SS7 to an international congress of
astronomers which decided to map the
heavens. There were IS nations, including Mexico, Chile and the republics of Argentine and Brazil, which
agreed lo contribute to this work.
The heavens were subdivided, with
four French observatories taking the
centred zones of the heavens.
Ten thousand leaves of the photographic map contain stars to the
fourteenth magnitude, whereof there
are above twenty millions. Stars io
the sixth magnitude may be seen with
the naked eye, and above that, telescopes and other aids are needed.
ln reality, it is explained, the number of stars appear to be infinite. As
huge leny.es are constructed, each increase in fhe size of the lenz reveals
a larger number of stars.
A few years ago the number of
stars was set at approximately one
hundred millions. Now that number
has heen trebled, and as the explorers
of new worlds in the universe progress in their studies, they find space
filled with stars the light of whicli
reaches the eye of the explorer after
years of travel, so distant are these
bodies.
Mapping the heavens was a task
not undertaken by astronomers previous to 1SS7, and before the work
could be started it was necessary to
agree on plans concerning the size of
the photographs and means of measurements. The majority of the astronomers of the world used their
ingenuity and learning in the task.
By means of this new map, fresh
measurements of the location, size
and nature of the stars may be made
by astronomers, and philosophic speculation stimulated as to the inhabitants, if any, of the stars, and the
general system and scheme of the
universe.
Chinese  Capture  Trade
Add Banking to Many Other Activities
In Tahita
The establishment of a new Chinese
bank in Tahiti has brought sharply to
the attention of the white business
amen of French Oceania the tremendous strides Chinese have made during
the past few years towards capturing
trade.
Steadily every industry is passing
into their hands, vanilla curing, market gardening, butchering, pearl shell
and pearl buying. They are strong
in all lines of merchandising and now
have turned, their attention to financing their activities through their own
banks.
The history of the Chinese in Tahiti is an illustration of Oriental infiltration where there are no laws to
limit or prevent it. The French Government owing to a treaty with China,
vital to the interests of the great
French colony of Indo-China, places
practically no restrictions on incoming
Chinese in Tahiti.
Originally, Chiiiese'inimignuits wen;
sent, there as indentured laborers
about the time of thc American Civil
War, when a large and flourishing
cotton plantation was being operated
by English interests. When the price
of cotton fell with the close of the
war in 1S65, the plantation was abandoned and the majority of the Chinese coolies were returned to their
country.
A few, however, remained, entered
business in a small way, and gradually, by adapting their methods to
those of the natives, obtained a grip
on trade. This grip they have
strengthened until today the European trades view the future with
pessimism. Some go as far as to predict    that    within    five years all the
Women Still Taking
Pride In Cooking
Prejudices  Against Speed 77
How  New  Fangled ;lfinovations Were
'���--  ��� Regarded-inv Days Gone'By VW
;- .7 One.hundred .years.-ago- the 'United
States ' Postal   Service.first operated
��� stage coaches at night between-:.'New
"York, and'Boston. -.-People protested
lhat it was too "dangerous. .The.'first,
trip did result in.a "fatal-accident. The
..same" attitude-greeted, the 'coming' of.
: the railways.    JIere:'is a-le'tler written
\ in  March," 3S25, by -Thomas ; Creevey,
'���""-M.P.. about "the first railroad-hiil read
an: the British Parliament.'.'"! have
come to the;conc:Usion that' our-Fer-
guson is insane;- '' lie quite: foamed-at
.the mouili with rage .'in   our   railway-,
committee- in support "o'f UiiVinfer'nal
7 nuisance���the    locomotive   "monster,
Home   Baking   Not  a   Lost  Art,   Says
Farm Journal
��� So much mourning lias been done
over the delicatessen.habits of modern- women "that'many people, believe
home' baking-to be'about. a lostVart,
But not- so," says- the" ..Farm Journal,
after-ah extehsiv'e.-investigation among
both .farm' ;andVtb'wn'.families--in.-the"
United'States.; ,��� 7.  '��� '      ', '    -.
'ApproxlmatelyllO.OO'O.OOO barrels of
flour--are consumed -annually in that
country. The home-cooks, .--use . 60,:"
000,000". barrels- to. 30,00.0,000. -barrels
used by bakeries.'- Tlie 'rest, not Sy.
eluding, special .-cake- and ".pancake
flour, is used by..hotels,- restaurants,
hospitals,, jails, paper, hangers, and
:otliers; or-lost Vthrough fire;, water
weeyilsorother wastage. ' -,'' '."-��� y
7 'Most"of'the-pies and cakes-are bak-
ed-at/home,. for. seventeen ou'Vof every.
twenty:,'town-and ,city;" families;-bake
their own bread." V,"; 7;   -V V-"'
Elveri in tlte larger" cities of Over'25,-
0007-pop.ulaiio'n, nearlyVall.the cake is
home .baked 7-in " iw6'-thirds;b�� the
ihpmes; and7 s.ilPmore'.of tlie; pies are"
baked.-at' home.-; Only'"five7per - ceritV
bake' no;'cake "at! home, 'arid_sev.en;"per
'cent.' no pi.esVbut fq'riy-one'per ..cent.'
bake.no'.bread.' .   .'������-__
. Home' baking increases as the cities
get smaller. -.'In the smaller places
eighty., three per; cent, of the women
bake-all theirVcake, eighty-eight" per
cent. all. of their "pie, and forty, three
per. cent.' their-ibrea.d, and "only-;.one
family iri;sey"enty.buys.'alI.of the:pastry,--' ' Outiri the- country 'ninety-four
per ��� cent,;' :of ��� the farm- women, bake
their.'.bread; and nearly^ all bake, their
own .cake.and pie.;  .--"   '-"V.; .'   ;���'-,'
".These facts/'should .-give." a'.measure
of-; pea.ee7-.t07 those'.wlio Bewail-tlie
loss, of'good' old-time'1- home -baking
and -���the.-'ilecadeni spirit" of -,.cookery1
'pride and .industry -of modern house-'
.wives.".. V V ":'.  ""-'���"   - V   ������_.   '7      .���_-..
commerce of the. islands   will     be   in
the hands of the Chinese.
May Lower Duty On Cattle
Favorable    Prospect    of    Lower    U.S.
Duty on  Canadian Stockers
At the oflices ot the American farm
bureau federation it was stated that
the prospect for a reduction in thc
duty on Canadian stockers and feeders was favorable, says a dispatch
from Washington. No opposition has
developed to date. On the other
hand the application for reduction in
the duly is supported not only by importers from Canada, but also by cattle growers importing stockers and
feeders from Mexico and by American
ranchers who own herds in the latter
country and find a market for young
cattle in the United States.
The Illinois Agricultural Association and the Pennsylvania Farm Bureau Federation have adopted resolutions iii favor of-lowering the duty,-
and-.' while- no7 resolution,has been
passed-by .the American Farm Bureau
Federation, as; a national body,- it-is
significant that - the brief :;jn favbr of
reducing the duty,now: before the-tar-'
iff;commission, is sigriedVby- Gray Sil,-V
ver,-. "head, of ,'the _Anierican-Farm :BuiV
eau Federation;;."���---. - V "--���    '���'���
The'Farm Bureau'has-given" wide,
publicity to'the -communication- all-,
dressed-to.the tariff ' commission., by
tire Western Stock Growers" Associa-7
tion-. of -.^Calgary, in,'behalf ."of tlie
cattle growers;of .'Alberta; and;. Sa.s-
-katchenwari,' .in ��� .which" the-Canadian
association places ..their books.and'
all data;.at .the disposal, of- fhe.taiift'-
coniniission.   ,. 7 .7    .77 7"
.The"' -application- "before..the" tariff
commission is for; the.- reduction 7pf
the duty by; fifty��� per cent., under tlie
flexible .tariff 'clauses, pf. the F.or'dney-
McCu'mber law,, and. it-will, be necessary To. prove .-that." the .present duty
more than-covers the.-'difference in
the cost of 'production.'In'-the-United
States" ���a'ndV-VcbrnpetVin'g. 7 countries.'
After the commission has -completed'
a preliminary, investigation '; public
hearings' -will.be held. It is ""antici:.
pated that- the. evidence: taken' before
the.tariff.commission will be" the basis
-for:an application, to congress at the
next-session to place" cattle under two
ye'ars'b'f age'.on theJree list.'- .'������"-.'   -   .'-
Pine Air is Good
For Catarrh, Colds
Dwellers in pine forests never have
colds, never know the meaning of Catarrh. Upon this fact is based "CATARRHOZONE," which sends into
the lungs and nostrils the healing
balsams and soothing antiseptic of
the pine forest.
The health-laden vapor of "CATARRHOZONE" subdues the worst of
coughs, colds and catarrh.
The tiniest corner of the lungs are
treated, the uttermost parts of the
bronchial tubes are reached, every cell
in the nose and throat is bathed in the
antiseptic balsam of CATARRHO-.
ZONE. Simply invaluable is CATARRHOZONE because so safe, so effective, so sure to stop huskiness,
whooping cough, catarrh, nose colds
or bronchitis���try it yourself.
Complete two months' treatment
guaranteed, price $1.00; small (trial)
size 50c. At all druggists. Refuse
a substitute for CATARRHOZONE.
By mail from The Catarrhozone Co.,
Montreal.
A Wild Bill Story
How J. B. Hickok Gained His Reputation as a Fighter
James Butler Hickok, a noted plains
scout, peace officer and revolver shot,
got his nickname "Wild Bill" in December, I860, at the stage station of
Rock Creek, near Topeka, which he
defended against the McCandlas gang
of outlaws. The 10 men battered in
the door of Hickok's dug-out with a
log, and together rushed him where
he waited at bay with Mississippi
Yager, two revolvers and two bowie
knives. He killed four as they crossed the threshold, killed two more in
the hand-to-hand grapple, and
wounded two; killed one of these outside before he could mount his horse.
Of the 10 men, only three escaped
from the scene, and one of them died
from his injuries. . He said: "I just
got; wild and slashed about like a bear
with a death wound, and I guess that
is how I came to get away with them."
���.;-���"-7 Where;.to" Put the .Censor. '.���'"""-
-V-We have passed.some'sixty thousand laws','I am t6ld,,-ia_ the list thre;e
years:., ."'But it- is,pure evasion:,- -NO
Wore. laws but: more; obediehce'-'to-Iaw'
���ig what we need..-.:-The, cure, for this-.
Time For Both
V carrying eighty .tons   of   goods,   and | t!)inS i- a return lb -the,-faith- of our
..navigated by a tail of "smoke and sulW"1'1?1'3 who taught their children the
��� -'phur-.coming   -.through 'every...man's {fui^ametna'l principles of" right' and
" grounds'-    between " Manchester    and"- ^".t^S.-" bellevsng-Wa't .it.7wa.3   better
Liverpool."   .        '"
VWhen a man gets into a fjowd he-
��� thinks-he is the only, one in a hurrv.
to'put."a. censor in thVeVsbtil of a'! child
than to hire a censor to" sit in judg;
ment for him.���-Rev. Newell D. HiSiis,
t Brooklyn. -
FACE SORE
���r';'-FROM "'SHAVING
Dilute Minard's- one-half wi:h
.sweet oil or cream, and apply
once s day; ��� heals pimples,
blotches and chapped skin
Our   .slogan   for   the   coming   year
! should be, "Buy. at Home."      Add to
your own and .your neighbor's prosperity by.-keeping the money circulating iri our own district.    '
Nothing' jar? on ah invalid more
than to wake up,-in lhe morning feeling .splendid;" and then suddenly-remember that" he is.sick. "...'   '"'"���"���"
- - If -love would,only make a-man's.in-,
come- go; round lie wouldn't care .anything about gyrations of-the world-.:v
Economy i?. fherpad.to We��lili->���and
j it'is. a" h?.rd ''road, to .ravr-'-; WV"."-"- '���'���"
People'Can-Have Recreation and. Still
"'��� -7 , ��� ���',- \ Attend Church ,.'���,; :��� "��� -,' .-
-',���-��� A ; Philadelphia-7 pastor who;asked
1,0-13" men", why, m'eri; stay, away'from
church gets ".these ' replies: '-"Sermons
too- long; - "sermons uninteresting;
preachers too.dogmatic;.. "I .play- golf
on Sunday; there;are so riiany Sunday
excursions. ai_d_\ counter-attractions."
But tlie principal 7reason is that'the
man shut ;up;in .ji 'store .or office, six-
days.-.'a'.week; wants a, day outdoors/
and'there,now;are- so'ni'any -pleasant
and wholesome ;ways" of spending- it
outdoors.;"'- Sermons :wi!l' have. to. be
made;pretty-iiitere'sting ;'to; beat' that.
Yet the., mars '.who' does-not go to
church at'Teast-'orice:on'-Sun'day-is depriving himself of a spiritual fresh air"
which. he needs', quite, as ��� much as.he
needs' the .other;-,'- So' why not' divide
fhe day and get' some--of eacl^-^���Cap-.
per's Weekly.
Leaving On Trip
To Siberian Coast
Arctic Explorer Will Conduct Research Work for Platinum
Vancouver. ��� Canadian Smith,
F.R.G.S., Arctic explorer, sailed on.the
Hudson's Bay Company boat Bay-
chinio for a 25,000-mile trip which will
occupy at least four years. -- Leaving
the vessel at a point north of Petro-
pavloysk oh the Siberian coast, he
purposes to cross Siberia in the most
northerly latitudes.
Platinum abounds throughout this
territory and Mr. Smith will conduct
research work1 - for this and other
precious metals, lie also hopes to
be able to tell tlie world on his return-
many things "affecting- trade relations
with Russia. ,
7 Building Super-Airplane
British'  Machine; Competing   in   Derby
.'-'."'.'- ,'__ For" king's. Cup ���" ,\
Great..-.Bri.tain is ^building a super-1
airpianVof'600 horsepower.which" will
attempt "to���-��� break' the-.-.world's;;speed
record-this summer. 7 -lt~-will be capable' of -a speed of '250 niiles an lioii'r,
and-will take part in'.the Aerial-Derby
and-the race round Britain.', for" the
King's ,Cup.- '-Late17-.it, will go to'
���France ".and, contend-for the Gordon
Bennett Cup. It wiU; be- christened'
Mars'XiV/" Xyy [ ' ''')X"'y' - ''��� "
': At'the same'lime-British designers
are completing - one -of; the largest
flyingboais inthe. world..'. lt'is fitted
with; four engines" ofV.a--.. combined
.horsepower o��'2,800.'. . .The^ new.."flying boat has a.hull; of:- triple thick-;
ness,'and.is-capable of cruising as a
surface' craft- for jph'g. distances.':',-
'YOUR TEETH"
GRANDPARENTS
By    Rea    Proctor    McGee.    M.D.*
D.D.S.. Pittsburgh, Pa.
To get-the best out of education and
health, you should begin with your
grandfather and grandmother. It is
always a little difficult to go back and
change the habits of the.old folks, but
you might; start with your own grandchildren's grandparents; that is one
set of ancestors that you can control.
Why not begin right now?
Heredity is an important factor in
fhe development of the body���every
part of the body. "  ,
The tendency is Tor a perfectly
healthy organism to reproduce a perfectly healthy organism. If you start
out right, you have a good chance .to
travel along without much of a struggle for health. If your race has allowed itself to go to pieces, you will
reap the punishment.
It is your duty so to care for yourself that your children and grandchildren will not have . constitutional
weaknesses that will make them susceptible to every infection that comes
along.
'��� If you allow your teeth to decay and
allow the .pulps to become exposed and
die, you' will start a line of systemrc
infection that is liable to undermine
your health���not only your health but
the health of those who should look
back to you with pride as the one who
transmitted rugged health and keen
mind.
Do you wish your descendants to
apologize, for'you as the weak link in
their chain of ancestry? If you do
not take carejof every,element pf your
health that is just what they'will have
to do. , ������
��� Your mouth and your teeth are very
important elements in your health.
Many of the factors of health are
beyond your control, but the mouth
Is so open to inspection and so responsive to treatment and care that at
least ninety per cent, of moutli diseases are somebody's fault.
Think of the future and take care
of yourself. "
Rheims Cathedral
��� ' '"���    . _-Noise.'Wins 7 -���".'".���
- "What.does the professor .'of; Greek
get?" '   .'-���-' W '; :: 7'.;    7. 7'    ;"
;..'.'0'h. about.'$3,'0.00Va"year,".  '" ' ''""-'.'.
-.''Aiid the football coach?'- '���'."'
"' "About.? J 2,000 a. year.;''" -'.'..'-.'��� 7
.   "Quite- .1 discrepancy."   '" - : -
, "Well did you. ever .'hear. 40,000 people, cheering -V Greek -recitation?"���
-Birmingham Age-Ifernlfl. . - "..-':.-"   V
MRS. GERTRUDE "WHiTE
Manitoba Butter Exports
One hundred and fifteen' carloads' of
butter were exported from Manitoba
during 1922, according to the annual
report of the Provincial Department of
Agriculture- These cars represent
2,556,120. pounds of butter,-valued &i
$894,642.: ...Shipments wereVmade -to
New..,York, Phiiadeipnia, Chicago,-the
Pacific Coast aiid England.-' XX  v'.v
A Monument to Honest Workmanship
'Of Olden Days
Although many buildings in Rheims
were completely destroyed during the
war, the" cathedral, which from the
first was"a target for the German gunners, and which was subjected to
weeks of continuous fire, still stands.
Hundreds of shells fell within it, but
it is in little more danger of falling
now than it-was on the day when the
first shell struck it. The secret lies
in.the way jt was built. The buildings of a cathedral was the chief event'
in the; history of a town. : The monks,
who "preserved . the arts even��� down
through the'-m'iddle ages7 outlined.the
plans for the'building,'and every per-;
son in.;'the.; community .shared in, the
actual work.' . Following;the general
plans,, eacii'man worked on his-own
ideas 'and"-- made -his7 own .'contribution
to;the; structure.:. The." stonemason,"
the carpenter; the.'workcr'in.brass^ncl
in'.bronze, the", general ' artisan,;"= did
each the best-work pf which" lie'was
capable. .-The work-was: never hurried;.- it' sometimes took, two .or"three
centuries -to 'complete...a" -.cathedral.
Underlying the whole- enterprise;was
the" thought tliat.they."were building
.for'VGpd'and "that!here must "-be. iip
imperfection. ih'Vwhat was built for
Him. -The laying "of a-stone'in'tlie
wali.Vwas.as important in-His 'sight,
as carving the coronation of the Virgin; above-tKe-'door.-.-. Eight centuries
later, when .tlie .test cameVthe'catlie-
drai at' Rheims, though..exposed, to.: a
.gunfire.that. w;ould""-have demolished
most' modern;.buildings almost instantly, stood, and still stands,; a;
monument to 7 the 'unhurried, honest
workmanship of the .'period. 7- ",; - - ",;
New Land Colonizing
Policy Of. C." P. R.
Company Has a Meritorious Plan of
Real Benefit to Western Farmers
In a statement of a new land colonizing policy of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, made public recently by E.
W. Beatty, K.C., President of the
Company, the indebtedness of farmers
who now have contracts with the company will be taken over by the Canadian Pacific Railway and their contracts will be rewritten and the indebtedness spread over a period bf 34
years, the farmer to receive title to
his land upon completion of the 34th
payment. No annual payment of interest and principal combined shall
exceed seven per cent., of the cost of
the farm. Thirty thousand farmer-1,
in Canada are effected by this proposal-
President Beatty's announcement is
in part as follows:"
"The Canadian Pacific Railway is at
all times accurately apprised of the
tenor of the national mind because
it is in itself one of the largest landowners in the west; because as a national organization it is vitally interested in preserving prosperity
throughout the Dominion; and because it knows from past experience
that its acts have constituted precedent. It unfortunately knows that
in the western provinces increasing
farm costs, together with low prices
obtainable for farm~ products, have
seriously affected those farmers not
definitely and firmly established, in
their operations.
"The present, position Is due to
several causes. During the war the
high prices realized for farm produce, and bountiful crops obtaining
in 1915-16, induced expenditures by
farmers for extra equipment and increased land holdings, which since
the decrease in value of farm produce without a similar decrease in
wages br cost of living, together with
crop failures in some districts, .has
resulted in a rapidly-increasing burden of debt, and in the case of some
30,000 farmers /holding land under
contract.for purchase from the company���through no fault of their own���
they find themselves behind, in their
payments, and a certain amount of
discouragement and depression has
resulted, which, if unchecked and unremedied, must inevitably spread
wider, breeding a spirit of pessimism
with its many attendant evils.
"The Canadian Pacific has always
been the pioneer in providing favorable terms for the colonization of its
lands in the west, particularly in
connection with the terms under
whicli their lands have been sold, in
tlie preparation of ready-made farms,
the advance of livestock to settlers,
loans made to them, and the aid
granted through its agricultural and
development departments. It is clear
that the new plan will do much to
re-establish confidence in the west,
retain settlers who are now proposing to leave, and stimulate immensely
the immigration of desirable agricultural colonists." " -V '-'-."
ASPIRIN
Say "Bayer" and Insist!
Unless you see the name "Bayer" on
package or on tablets you are not getting the genuine Bayer product prescribed by physicians over twenty-
three years and proved safe by millions for ������..,���'
Headache
Toothache
Neuritis
���Neuralgia
Colds
Rheumatism
Lumbago
Pain, Pain
Accept. "Bayer Tablets of Aspirin'
only. "" Each unbroken package contains proper directions. Handy boxes
of twelve . tablets cost few cents.
Druggists also sell bottles of 24 and
100.
Chance Inventions
���\��xxmm
ie- yoo;are;;not- wmx'
HERE IS YOUR KEY '",
xxx, - TO .HEALTH W,V-
How large the Interest on a promissory-note looks"; when you are. paying
I.!-, and how .small -it-looks '.when-.you
are .rer-'eiying is.-.' '���,-.' ..- -,��� .-"������- -XX. ;'" :'���>--
' Ilattonford; Alta.���"Being run-down'
after the 'Hii' 1 was" in a weakened condition, had dizzy spells and "shortness
of breath, followed'by-fairitness. The
middle aj;e- (joriod made things seem as
tho'ujrli I'd nevor feel well again, but I
wasdetermint'd not to give up." Ilearing-
of Dr. Pierce's famous Golden Medical
Discovery I sent .for a bottle, followed
lhe directions-, and soon felt less tired
and faint, and finally I got back iojaj
pormal state- I have thanked God
many times for. the restoration of my
health so I could remain with iriy
family, and I gladly recommend this
JDi:-covery of. Dr. yierce's, for it is so
pure, aria wor'tha trial to any one who
is nin-doa-n."���Mrs, Gertrude White,
Crystal Springs Farm.- 7' .""... ' ...
' Golden Medical Discovery is put- up in
Dr; Pierce's'Laboratory in Bridsebcrg,
Ont., and sold by all druggists In both
tablets and liquid.: Send Dr. Pierce. 10c
��� for trial package of tablet?. , ..'--'"
V Write Dr. Pierce. PrestV Invalid-? Hotel,
^Buffalo. JJ. ]��.. for free medical advice. ���
.A long Life
Rules Laid Down.by aiJapariese' Paper
. Are Guaranteed to Prolong
= ' .. "' 7 'V^.Lifc' ,.---''. ' 7." ,' .
A long life is'..guaranteed to those,
who follow these rules. Said'down >by.
the-Jiji Shimpo, 'a Japanese, paper..
They are as follows-:..  - " ;��� - '-   -
Pass, as much' time as ..possible' iri
the open air. . -   ���--'..- 7..      , -     ~y ,x
Eat meat only .once a. day." -      -  .'
-.' Take a hot luith.every.day. - "\
.-,: Wear thick woollen- garment.?. .
Sleep ' for": at least six7 hours,'- aiid
never niore thati--seven and a half,
vrith the' window, opened and -the" rooni
darkened,' 7 7- - V 7 ,;'".-���.
���.Rest 'one day" in-seven.v _"'"'
��� Avoid-giving way-to .anger and/ex-";
cessive.-brain.. work. V ._;   '... '; -
-Widows'  and-  'widowers-should remarry.'       -     - '   -        ���  -   - . . -
;-, VWork-nipderaiely.
V-J)o-.not ���talk=..to--��?xce?s'.'   - .-.   ������.���'V-V
How Many. Useful Methods Wero
- "" Accidentally Discovered '���-"
'Two- scientists 7 ."were .-engaged - in
some ��� experiments,; with ��� eleetricity.,
Dui;ing;a certain process in the break.,
ing up; of silver' nitrate- a -: wire ,-,by
which .electricity was-being conducted
was:,found to be."i.eoated-witliVsilver.
Tlie;prpcess. 'was continued in-electroplating with 'great' success. "��� Blotting
paper.ls a classic.example of good-fortune resulting from an-;a.ccident,\ Sey-.
eral. reams, of . ordinary paper, were
spoiled at-a mill and laid" aside". ..' One
daya newly'-written' "letter .""came ".iii
.contact.with the. outer sheet,,and to
ihe. amazement of. theVwriter, the ink
-was^, absorbed.!- . Fortunately, the pos;-'
sibilitiesVwere realized. Ayhether'the
offending workmen"we're .suitably-rewarded; Ave are not] told. 7 A husband
sympathized -with-his wlfeVin herlia-.
bility to keep" -refractory -.hairpins in
place.' I-Ie twisted.-one, and solved
^the whole, trouble foi; "all.women..-- 'A
workman ���' fell-,'asleep while' watching
a pot of brine... It boiled over, and.
������when.' he awoke the'-pot was glazed
Machine-Made Beauty
Articles-Now   as   Artistic   as   Those
Made by Hand v
Many people share the conviction
that articles made by machinery cannot be beautiful in the same sense aa
is enjoyed by an article which'is handmade. If this conviction were 'correct it would mean that practically
everything that we used today would
be ugly. As a matter of. fact, however, there is no-reason, why a machine-made article should not be so
well designed as to appeal to the eye.
The ugliness of many machine-made
articles is due-to the lack of attention to correct proportions and often-
to indifference regarding that fitness
for purpose which is the real foundation of beauty. Some time ago a
number of British manufacturers and
artists interested in this 'phase of production formed a Design and Industries Association with the object ot
encouraging a close connection between the aesthetic and the useful in
British manufactures. This association xeeently issued a Year Book containing a large number of examples,
drawn from all sorts of industries, ot
designs which-were not only excellent"
from the utility point of ''viewy- but
thoroughly satisfactory in' appearance.
Pottery, metalware, windows, door
accessories, fireplaces, motor cars,
shop fronts, and many other articles
are illustrated, revealing an extraordinary high -standard of artistic
merit in British things made for
everyday use.
Lumbering In Peace River District
Timbering. operations have been
conducted on a more extensive scale
in the Peace River country during the
past winter than ever before, and according to authentic reports from that
areaN700 men were employed in forest
activities during"- the season and the
winter's cut aggregated .over..45,000,-..
000 feet. : "This comprises operations .
"at Jarviek',' Chisholm, Smith,, Kinnso,
Widinate, Springburn and Grande
Prairie.     V 7   ".' - - -
,:   New  Record  For Wireless   7
, .Announcement   luis   been made at
Hartford, ������ Conn., 7; that ' an .vamateur
wireless    station    had  succeeded in
transmitting-   signals.   approximately;:
halfway round, the; jvorld .establishing
a hew .long, distance -record.-;  - A1 ship'
operator. reports lie-heard the station
operated" by :E. W. RouseVit Galveston,
when.lie was 100 miles south'of Cey-
lon-inVtheTlndianTicean; a' distance of
11,000. miles; ;������ : 7. ���--'"-    '7
where.the brine had,overflowed,
result was-glazed pottery..:'
The
- Farmers' Needs ;
, .The ; fanner .needs direct. help aud
not indirect help., lie 'needs' some?,
thing in his hand,,and he needs it
now.. Helping the farmer means liejp-
ing the laborer.*.' If 'we- can.assist.'farmer's through' the present" distressful
lime, X then". Agriculture .may : revive.
Wheat production in this, country; will
come, into' its; own' again,..; forV;��ur
sources .of -.overseas, supply are con:
fracting arid not expanding, especially
en, the..American .Continent.-.r^I>ondou
Daily Mail.    ... ,X'.:������[   V
'-.:���'  ". "Protect. Their Sight 7
���. ^biscburage" the youngster \rtio;_wants -
to Vead'"just a little ~ while" insb'ed'iii,
order to become sleepy. .- Reading in
bed overtaxes" eyes'"that .have- already
done a day's 'work.-,','.- -   '7'      '���---..'
. NothingVso dwarfs . the mind as .1
constant dwelling upon trivial things'.
"������Anon. ' '"    - ,     .-"��� 1 " .---..:_-���-���"
Explaining   It ; .^
Ignatz asked his dad, "Is today tomorrow, pop?"
"Why. no of course it isn't, tomorrow," replied the parent
"But you said it was."
"When did I say today was tomorrow?". "       .       ��� 7    w
"Yesterday.'"
."Well, it was," explained the amateur Einstein. .."Today .was ��� tomor.
row.' yesterday,. :but today is; today
today, just, as yesterday .was "today
yesterday and tomorrow will be" today
tomorrow,' which rbafces today.yester.
day; and-tomorrow at-the same'time.
Xow/be quiet for awhile.";'-     ;���'.-.'���
.Production of Newsprint - ;>;.
;The-,.--remarkable,;, manner.7ihV'\vhich
Canada,-'- is-. overtaking--..'ilie" 'Unite,!
States"in the produciion of-newsprint
is illustrated in a - comparison of th:;
figures "of production since 1917. In
the five-year period whilst tlie production of the , Republic has increased
from 1.259,000 tons per annum to
1,4.18,000 ^ions, that of the Dominion
has increased from 690,000 tons to
1.0S2.000 "tons. ].'���
.-   Population of Japan
The population or Japan.proper,;.is
estimated   by .'thev;national." census
board to'be 57i65S,0GO,, 'as'",.- compared | yonr medicines."���Mrs. GoLDVrtM Mi;
with -55,961.140 in 1920. '      "    '"
MHSJiSENEFi'S
ACHES AKDPAiNg
Vanished After Using Lydia
Ei Pinkham's Vegetable
; Compound      W.
. *'Branchton, .Ont, --'' When, I wrote
to you for help my action was mostly
prompted bycurios-
rty7" I wondered if
I, too, would benefit
byyoiir medicine^ It
was the most"profitable action 1 have .
ever taken, I heartily assure you, for
through its results' I���
am relieved of most
of my sufferings. -; I
have taken six boxes
dfVkydia E, Pink-;
ham's Vegetable
Compound Tablets; anda bottle of Lydia
E. Pinkham's Blood Medicine^ and I can
honestly say I have never been so well
before. I bad suffered from pains and
other troubles since I was fifteen years
old, and during the 'Great War' period
I worked on munitions for two years,
and, in the heavy lifting which my work
called for, I strained myself, causing
pelvic inflammation from which I have
suffered untold agony, and I often had
to give up and go to bed. I had doctored
'.��� for several years -without'getting permanent relief, when.I started to take
  --   s* . ������� -
This shows, enter, Branchton, ^8t-
l
I
;������
'-V
���  f"i
'ii
M
��� *H\
��� ft
���I
7V��
xxU
i
I.
ih
���m
that the population increased at
rate of 730,C��0'S yearly, 2,000 dail;
one ia .every 43 seconds, r.'.,
the
Write to the Lydia E. Pinjkham Medi-
"_ W1 cine Co.,Colwarg, Ontario, for a freecopy
''.      I of Lydfa E. Pinkham'3 Private Text
j SJook opoii' * Ailments of Womea."   C
j.:jBj3KBs.THt3i33!.
-���^-^3^-r���ff-^ErT^J���ttw-t^i^' fm
A\
THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD.     B.     0.
. v
peals To
Over Application
stea
Washington!���Great Britain's position on the ship liquor question, as
communicated to the state department
by the British embassy, is understood
to be based "on a contention that United States port authorities have no
jurisdiction in international law over
liquor brought into United States
waters as a part of the regular supplies of foreign vessels.
The authority of United StaisaToiTi-.
cials, extends only to . portions of
the cargo o'f foreign ships, which is
Intended for importation into the
United States, and in no way permits
of interference with either physical
mechanism, rations or stores of such
vessels when" they put into United
States ports.
While this principle, apparently conflicts with lhat recently laid down by
the United States Supremo Court, indications, are increasing lhat "the
treasury department has found a way
lo' reconcile thc two by permitting
ships under foreign registry to list
the wine rations of their crews as a
part of the- medical stores allowed
under the law. In the new regulations now being drafted, treasury officials are said to have taken due
cognizance of the fact, tliat the opinion
of the Supreme Court made no men
tion.of the medical liquor clause. Some
officials are known lo hold this clause
to be broad enough lo protect liquor
stocks from confiscation as-they are
placed under the chargeof the ship's
doctor when a vessel comes inside'the
three-mile limit.
It was the original intention of.the
British Government lo await issuance of the new regulations before
making representations 7 on the subject. The action-taken today, however, apparently was for .the purpose
of making known that Jthere is a fundamental objection to the application
of the prohibition law to foreign shipping. The immediate effect, is to ini-c
tiate formal negotiations for the first
time since the court handed down ils
decision.
The British communication submitted to Secretary Hughes bears tlio
signature of Sir Auckland Geddes, the
British ambassador . It is characterized as in no sense a protest, but rather as an appeal to the sense of justice
of the United . States Government,
making the point that application of
the .Volstead law to foreign shipping
constitutes a radical departure from
all well-established principles of maritime intercourse and so involves-the
making .of new international law!
IMPORTANT CONCESSIONS ARE MADE
TO GREAT BRITAIN BY SOVIET RUSSIA
London.���Russia, in a note signed
by Leonid Krassin, lhe Soviet representative here, and personally handed
by him to Lord 'Curzon at the foreign
office, makes important concessions to
lhe demands made in the British ultimatum to the Soviet Government recently. ,   ���
The note explains these concessions
jtve made because the Soviet Government does not desire lo_ give' ground
for placing even the smallest degree
of responsibility for the results of a
possible breach between Russia and
England upon the Soviet Government
���even indirectly. v"
The note further declares that such
a breach, il is fell, would create a
basis for action to carry out the aggressive aims ot tlie militarist elements in most countries, even independently ofMhe will of .the British
Government.
The-nole offers on behalf of Russia
the conclusion of a. convention giving
Great Britain "fishing rights outside
tlie three-mile limit off the Russian
coasts, but still insists that an international conference is necessary to
settle the territorial limit question.
In political quarters the. note was
regsf ded as displaying the moderating
and conciliatory -hand of Krassin, who
had a -half hour talk with Lord Cur-
yon in delivering the note.
More Building This Year
Dominion -Statistics Show Twenty-
Five Per Csnt. Increase
Ottawa.���A pronounced expansion
In building operations during sApril
was indicated in the monthly reports
of building permits furnished by
municipal officials to the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics. The aggregate
value of the building authoiized by the
56 cities making returns stood al $17,-
541,061, $8,999,833 or 105.3 per cent,
higher than in March, when the prospective building was estimated at
$S,5'H,22S. The value for April,
moreover, 'exceeded.lhat for the corresponding month of last year by $3,-
496,863 or 2-1.9 per cent. .It was also
higher by 44 and IS per cent, than in
April, 1921 and 1920, respectively. ~
Another Complaint
; v���Ff bin-Russia
Earl of Ypres Bessarabia- Visit Regarded As Hostile
Riga.���A. dispatch received here
i'rom Moscow says the Izvekia declares thai the visit of Karl of Ypfes
to Bessarabia is a hostile act toward
Russia and a violation of the Russo-
British trade agreement.
The above dispatch it, the first in-
fimation that the Karl of Ypres. who,
;is Field-Marshal "French, was commander ol the British army in the
field for a time during thc late war,
and later was Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, had been'on, or intended to visit.
Bessarabia.    .
Insulin May Not
Be AbsoIute^Cure
Impossible to Tell for Some Time Says
Inventor
New York.���Remarkable progress
has been- made during the past year
in the use of the insulin treatment for
diabetes and over 3,009 cases in the
Eimted States alone were being benefitted byi.i, il was stated by Dr. Frederick G. Banting, of Toronto, discov-
eier of the treatment, who spoke
before lhc 117th annual convention of
the New York State Medical Assoeia-
tion.
The treatment has been most effective and ils use steadily grown until
it is now employed in almost, every
part of Ihe world. Dr. Banting said,
but as yet. it is impossible to say
whether insulin supplies an absolute
cure for dipbetes.    -
Motor Lorry Narrowly.
Escapes Royal Car
Queen and Princess Mary Might Have
Had Serious Accident
Aldershot.���Queen Mary and Princess Mary narrowly escaped what
might have been a serious accident
when mo'toring here, when a motor
lorry dashed irom a side road and col;
lided with (he car of-Lieut.-Gen." Sit
Philip Chetwode. which was following
close behind the Royal motor, car.
Through great presence of. mind 'on
the part 'of the driver >r Sir Philip's,
car no one was hurl, although (he machines were damaged.
���        ��
ay Have A
Direct Representative
At XT. S. Capital
SINKING OF THE 1ARVALE
.daki^-v'.,
SIR AUCKLAND AND LADY GEDDES
., New York.���A special dispatch from
Washington to the; World- says that
the British Ambassador, Sir Auckland
Geddes, is suffering from a very serious eye affection and as a
result i.s nearly blind. He was
stricken on Tuesday, according to the
report, and Dr. YVilmer, a famous eye
specialist, ordered him to a darkened
room. . He might have. to remain
there for some _weeks, if not ..months,
the World correspondent asserts, and
it is possible, the ambassador's illness
may delay the sighing of the British
debt funding movement.
Claims Discovery
Of Cancer Cure
Liverpool Professor Not Yet Ready to
Disclose Remedy
New York.���An apparent cure for
cancer, consisting of a solution of colloidal of lead, which is au enemy of
diseased I issues, has been discovered
by Prof. Blair Bell, of Liverpool "-University, according to Dr. L. 13.
Houghey, of Concordia, Kas., who returned on' thc President Adams after
studying surgery abroad i'or several
years. Dr. Bell, professor of genealogy,
spent JS years in developing the cure,
said Dr. Houghey, who added that
during the last year Dr. Bell had treated more than 50 cancer cases and in
none of these did the disease return.
The cure has not been made known
to the world because of Dr. Cell's
reticence and his desire to treat more
cases before, making it generally
known.
Four Killed By Snow Slide
Denver, Colo.���A gigantic snow
slide, sweeping down the mountains al
a terrific speed struck the west end
of a tunnel on the Denver and Snit
Lake Railroad between Corona and
Dixie Lake, Colo., killing four workmen and injuring two others.
Delorme Trial Coming
To Stand ' Trial at June Term of
Criminal Assizes
Quebec. ��� Official announcement
that Rev. Adelard Delorme was being
transferred i'rom Beaupon Asylum to
Bordenu jail, Montreal, lo be ready to
stand his trial on the charge of murdering his half-brother, Raoul, in
Montreal on January G, _922, was
made by Premier Taschereau following a meeting of the provincial cabinet, at'which the . abbe's case was
considered.
The Premier said: "We have order-,,
ed 'the, immediate transfer of Abbe
Delorme to Montreal, and he will
stand trial at the June term of the
criminal assizes."
Clause In Debt Pact
To Be
BEST   "TRADITIONS    OF     BRITISH
SEAMANSHIP   UPHELD. WHEN
VESSEL STRIKES REEF
St. Jolin's, Nfld.���The four hundred
and thirty-six passengers and crew of
the Canadian Pacific liner Marvale
were saved in the lifeboats as the vessel went down near St. Shotls'on the
southern coast of Newfoundland,'after
striking Cape Freles Rock.
The story ofthe rescue, as described by Capt. Lewis ofthe Mar.vale, follows:
"We ;thought, we were four miles
off shore," the captain said. ' "We
were working along the coast in the
fog by the sound of the Cape Freles
fog alarm,.believing ourselves safe,
but. the ship struck a sudden blow
on the reef and lore heY side out'.
She hung on the rock for a moment
and then slid into deep water'^gain.
1 knew she was lost and decided to
make for the poach."
Two of the Marvale's seamen who
accompanied Captain Lewis to Tre-
passy said ihat the people-of the
liner owed their lives to the captain's
seamanship and judgment and the
fact thai lhe water was smooth. A
situation with all the possibilities- of
disaster was ,-present, but hot a person was even injured. . 7
. Immediaely after (he Marvale
struck, the." captain headed her for
St. Shott's, where there was a sandy
spot to Jieaeii her and a hamlet to
shelter tlie survivors. Taking no
chances with his people, however,
he ordered the boats overside at once
and began loading them with passengers. The fine weather and smooth
sea made this task fairly easy. The
women and children look their places
in llie boats.first, then other passengers and most of the crew followed,
and within an hour the boats had bee.i
filled and dropped. The seamen in
charge of the boats, were instructed
to follow the ship in the direction of
the land, which was beginning to be
visible through the fog by this time.
The first lifeboat dropped overboard
held 20 babies and "their mothers.!
Captain Lewis and the few officers
and engineers and stokers who had
remained on board to drive her
ashore left the vessel just before she
went down in seven fathoms, a mile
from the beach at St. Shotts, which
had been her destination.
xtensive Changes Are
roposed In The New-
Budget Resolutions
WESTERN EDITORS
awn
Prohibited   United   States   From   Collecting Direct From Germany
Paris.���Sir John  Bradbury,  British
representative in the negotiations over
the pa_ incut-of the costs of (he United States army of occupation, is un-
drsood to have received instructions
from London lo withdraw   trom   tlie
agreement    the    clause~to which the
L'nited States objected, and thus come
Skilled Workers Going to States        into agreement with France and Bel-
Washington. ��� Partial Government giuni as to accepting lhe United States
The
figures for May on lhe number of
skilled workers from Canada moving
into the United States indicate tbe
May total will be about 11,000. United StatGs Government officials say the
movement is increasing.
Barnard�� Memorial Unveiled
Toronto.���Lord "Byng unveiled a
memorial tablet to the 531 -Barnanio
Boys who,, oui of an enlisiment'ot
6.211 in ihe Canadian Expeditionary
Force, laid down thcir lives in the
Great War.
draft without further charge,
objectionable clause stipulated' that
the agreement should cease to-be effective if the United Stales proceeded
to collect war damages from Germany
diiecliy.
Lavish With Tips
New York.���Waiters serving members oi llie Unifed"Stales_Cliamber of
Commerce during the'recent convention in the Waldorf-Astoria received
in one day 41,100 in tips from D. A.
Skinner, Secretary of the Association.
Immigration Law Amended
British Subjects Can Now Be Deported
For Seditious Acts   -
Oltawa.���The Senate amended the
Immigration Bill by striking out the
clause which removes British subjects from ���the operation of the deportation provisions of the present act.
Under these provisions, which were
inserted following the Winnipeg
slrilce of 1919, any person other than
a native born Canadian who seeks to
overthrow by force constituted authority can, during the -first five years of
his residence, be deported after an inquiry by the Immigration Department.
Sir George Foster asked why exception was made in favor of people
from Great Britain, and Senator
Fowler said the most dangerous men
came lrom the British Isles.
Senator Robertson said that two
years ago he had favored the removal
of citizens from Great Britain from
the jurisdiction of this clause, but he
had altered his mind in' some respects, and while 'the Communist
party sought to spread Russian propaganda in this country, ir was .v ell
to retain (he-act as-it-was;���"-
yi
O. S. Sugden, Editor and Proprietor
of The Herald, Harris, and Times,
Tessier, Sask.
FAVORS H. B. ROUTE
STATEMENT     IN     SENATE     THAT
GOVERNMENT WILL OfERATE
RAILWAY    ..7
Ottawa.���In the Senate, Hon. Rufus
Pope drew attention to the importance
of the Hudson Bay district, and asked
what the Government intended, to do
lo make .this route available to traffic.
He had in his possession an authentic
report of German activity previous
to the war, when tlie German Government equipped unsinkable ships and
sent them into Hudson Bay, where
they navigated the straits every day*
of the year. The. north country had
a wonderful mineral wealth and fishery production, and also had oil fields
and tar sands whicli could-be developed under the present freight rates;''..'
Senator Casgrain wanted this report
submitted to the members of the" Senate. 7 '
Senator Dandurand informed the
House that the Government had -not
abandoned the Hudson'' Bay route,
and would operate the railway, so
that the investment made would not
be lost.
Senator Fowler claimed   the   Hud-
j son Bay route would   be    the   great
j cattle route  ('or the west, and  would
develop the mineral wealth    of   that
enormous lerritorv.
j Cross Europe In 30 Hours
Aeroplane   Companies   and   Railways
Can Transport Passengers in
Short Time
London.���Through the collaboration
of the aeroplane companies with the
continental  railways,  it  is now  possible   fo   travel   from London across
Europe in less than 30 hours.     Passengers  leaving London  in  the  late
afternoon  can catch    the    1.45    p.m.
Orient  Express at  Paris,  arriving at
Strasbourg at 3.30 in (he morning and
taking an aeroplane for Bucharest or
Constantinople.-     The last lap or the
journey between Belgrade and Bucharest is covered at night in a machine
I with ii triple jnotor and Bucharest-is
reached about 10 p.m.
Three Prairie Premiers Endorse Co-Operative
Cattle Selling
Washington.���ileporls  from Ottawa
s
that Premier King expects to take up
thc- subject of sending a Canadian
representative to Washington luve
aroused renewed interest heie in (his
nim-h-dKcussed subject.
According to go*Mp iy:ie. the a< iual
.-ending ol a Canadian lepresentative
io thH country is likely to wait untii
after the luipeiia! conference ai London next fall. However, it is general l> expected the problem will be
solved, and that it will not be a great
while before Canada vill hate direct
lepresen.ative in the L'nited States
rapiiaj. Such :epresentation will
met-t with general approval in (v>n-
prs= and official quarters.
It is ihe understanding in Washington ihat Premier King, when
Canada does send ;i representative.
Intends io choose  the sb!est lie cr.n
' "U'7   .V. " U.    l-JTI ~
find���a man who will at' once be on
good terms with the Biitish embassy
and at the same time .i thoroughgoing Canadian, capable of looking
fitter Canada's extensive intcies<s in
iho exchange.: of formal and informal
dipjonm-v beiwetn that rounti. .md
the rnifed States.
"Ii is tlie -feeling of the I'riiied
Stairs' officials and members ol
Congress that ii would be mutual
advantage to the two counm'es it
such problems as reciprocity, the development of the St. Lawrence and
the many other problems which exist
or arise from fime to time, could be
taken up diiectiy, and with the least
possible formality. ft is said to be
likel., ih.n when Canada does send a
re.'ie.-entarhe to Washington he wi!i
be. among other things, a man who
will have a thorough understanding
of the agricultural problems and agj
lic-ulfurai sentiment fcoth of Western
fjanada and iha T'niied Putes,
A Galaxy of Nations
Day
Premier Greenfield of Alberta. Piemier Punning ol Saskatchewan, and
Premier Bracken ol Manitoba, visited the I irion Stock, ards, St. "Boniface.
Man, in'order to inspect a thousiind head of iwnoit steers gathered tor shipment to.Biitish markets under tlie co-operative pooling plan inaugurated by
l'nited Grain Growers Ltd. In tluee different consignments th��se are on the
way to Glasgow, lo Dundee and to Manchester. The Premiers also watched
ihe process by v.Inch mixed cars ol cattle .is leoeived bv the pool from thc
count, y are sorted up into'even c;ir Sots before being offeied for sale, shipped
to niarket�� east or south, or expoited.
"It is a wonderful advance in cattle markefina." said Premier Gseenfield.
speaking of the co-operative pool method. "It means getting for farmers
the full value of iheir cattle on ihe final market/'
"We have been preaching co-operative maiketim. of cattle for \ear? in
Saskatchevan," said Premier Dunning, and were delighted whtn 'he former
method of co-operative shipping to western markets was bicadeneri out b>
the poo! method to cover the final marketing: of canle. 'We are watching
with great intoiest The extension of the co-operative plan to covei the exporting of cattle io Great Britain "
"What appeals n> me most," said Piemier r.ratken. "is the s>��tem by
which caule are sorted up before ihey are offered for sale. I am sure ihis
plan of selling is going to brins more'money fo farmers, especially those who
are raiding the better grades of cattle. It nieai's developing our eattle industry b.v encouraging1 the men who are bietding r.r.d feeding the jieht kind ol
calif*."
From left io right in the trroup above are- C. C C'nipnian. .Editor Grain
Growers' Guide; Premier JJrerfcen oi Manitoba; Mr. C'Rire-.Toaes. General
Manager United Giain Growerr, Ltd.; Premier Dnnnir.sr of ?*iskatt-hewan:
Hon. P. SL Black, Provinri.il Treasurer of Manitoba; and Premier Greenfield
of Alberta.
Premier King Sends Empire
Message ,to London 'Times
London.���"The,stern logic of events
has crystallized into a formula, the
words of Sir Willrid Laurier on the
occasion ol Queen Victoria's diamond
jubilee, when." with characf eristic
prophetic insight and vision, he spoke
of ihe British ISmpire as & galaxy of
nations," sa>s Premier W. L. Mackenzie King, ol Canada, in nn Kmpire Day
message published in .the London
Times.
"The choice ol words \v;i.-> a liappv
one," the message savs. - "So longer
arc they capable ol misinterpretation
and misunderstanding.
' With each recurring anniversary ol
lho birthday ot the world's most illus-
irou�� sovereign,  the outlying Dominions weiconie-ilte opportunity of celebrating v\itii the Brills!) !s!e�� all  thai
tliey on" to common uiidn. tommon
tradition and common ideals.     Among
the nations of fhe world theie is.noui-
itig comparable  to  ihi�� expression ol
, union, purpose and co-operative, effort
j on the p.ut of cifh lor the good,of the
1 vv Hole."
Children Sbve Train
Sydney, X.S.���Discovering a flaw in
(he railway track at Eden, N.S./two
small daughters of William Miller,
seciionman, secured torpedoes from
their .father's track-walking outfit
and stopped the Svdacy express ju
lime fo prevent its-derailment. The
children aie ten and tv\eh�� .ejus
old.
Sheep in Spain
To Mippl.  iis woollen industry Spain
maintains about 19,000,000 sheep.
Otta'wa.���With., the budget debate
out of the way and the Government
proposals* carried in the House, the
members will give immediate attention to the budget resolutions.
While the reports of the special agriculture committee and the banking
and commerce committee are not expected to,come before the Commons
for some little time, there is sufficient
material yet on the order paper to
keep the House going until those reports come down.. The amendments
lo the Pension Act, designed lo make
effective recommendations of the
Ralston Royal Commission, will be
placed before the House shortly, it is
understood.
The length of the session, it is now
believed, will depend to a great ox-
tent upon the length of time required
for passage of revision^ of the Bank
Act; While the Government is understood to have decided, to go ahead
with the revision, it is thought that
the attempts to lay the act over for
another year will be renewed when the
bill reaches the House. Present expectations are that the session will
continue until June 15 or later.
The changes contained in the new
budget, resolutions introduced by the
finance minister are somewhat more
extensive than was indicated in the
brief statement which he made in the
House of Commons. They include
changes in the tariff, sales-tax, check
tax, and the tax on confectionary and
beverages. The new sales tax will
not come into force until January 1,
1924, instead of on the first of August
next.   '..'"���
The reduction in the maximum tax
on checks from two dollars to one dollar goes" into effect when assented to
by the governor-in^'council.
The repeal of the special taxes on
confectionary" and beverages goes
into effect on June 1, and does also
the substituted tax on carbolic acid
gas..   .     ... ��� ���';.'.���
In addition to postponing the date
for the coming into'force of the new
sales tax to January 1, 1924,. the minister proposes several other changes.
There is to be removed from the
list of exceptions from the sales tax
job printing matter of a firm, whose
sales do not. exceed $10,000.
There is added to the list of exemptions:
Manuscript, raw furs, wool not
further prepared than washed, or.rlh-
en drain tiles for agricultural purposes and syrups and molasses of all
kinds.
Thc conditions attending the operation of fhe new sales tax are also
amended in a number of matters, including the provision in regard to refunds and in regard to the special
licenses to jobbers.
The resolutions as they stand, said
Mr. Fielding, in making the announcement, provide that the dumping duty shall not apply on sugar,
when the price of that commodity
reaches eight cents a pound.
"We are proposing to make a limitation," he said. "We propose that the
dumping duty shall continue, but that
it shall be limited to at no time exceed three-quarters of n cent a
pound."      t
"The item of newsprint is omitted_
from the "exemptions to-tlio" sales
tax," said the minister. "Owing to
a misunderstanding this was not asked for oy any body and it was inserted for customs purposes; but,-at all
events, we are not pressing it."
Mr. Fielding said that further information    regarding    these changes
would be furnished to. members at a.'
later date.
Report Turks Destroy Bridge
Alliens.���Turkish troops are reported lo have blown up ihe bridge over,
lhe Maiitza River connecting Adrian-
ople and Karagatch. The news caused consternation here. *'
Saskatchewan And
Alberta May Establish
Wheat Board This Year
Easter Island Still Safe
Report that Isirind Had Sunk Bensath
Pacific is Now Denied
Sun'i.'igo. Chile.���Reunreni rumcMs
that Ka-ter Inland hail sunk beneath
the Pacific dining the intense earthquakes of last November have been
proved unfounded, Tiie fishing
schooner Falcon which left for the island in February has returned, re-
potEins that all was well.
The island, which i.s u-=ed b% the
Chilean Government as a penal colonv.
has ,i population of ;ibout 1.2tm. It
i~- the t-a��iernniosi inhabited member
ot ihe PoI>ne-ian group, and is re-
raarK&bte for-j;s giant pieces of sc:ilp-
tuie. anparfatlv the -Tolk of a pie-
hi^toric people/ The island lies 2 o'""i
7iii:��-s trp.-t of the Chilean foasi.
OttMwa.* - Well inlornied political
circles at the capital are convinced,
on th.e authority of private itilormation
from Western Canada, thai the t'.ov-
einnu-nts oi Sa-k_itche\\;in and A'<
beita are standing iiim on tlieii decision to establish .i whe.it' boa id to
handle the V.rl?> erop.
Thc- premieis ol these pi ovine;-'
htive had lit tie to say since the Manitoba L'?gi*lf.iiiit. decided not fo participate in the organisation of a. boaid.
but tliere have been many private
confeiences, and ihe recent visit to
Ottawa of Premier Greenfield of Al-
beua undoubtedh had a relation to
tbe negotiations.
It is suggested that Mr. Greenfield
and Premier Dunning ot Saskatchewan aie meeting this .ear the same
difficulty which made impossible ihe
osrranization of a fcoaiu last fall
vuikoritative leporis indicate ihat
James Stewart of Winnipeg, and F, W
Riddell of Regina- again have refused
to accept responsibility for the boat.!
and indicate further th^t others prominent in Hi* ��r.?.in export busir_<=s= who
wero approached "last .car and uh->
declined; then to take the chairmanship or vice-chairmanship have not altered iheir decisions. These men include John'MacFarlane of Calgary, J.
11. Murray, James Richardson and
Cecil Rice-Johes of Winnipeg, and IL
W. Wood of Calgary, President Uniie-.l
Fanners of Alberto.   - "
Faced with the necessitv. according
fo ihese repoits. of going beyond the
ranks oi tfie active export trades foi
a chairman and vice-chairman of the
proposed board, there is a strong probability, it is st.ue'd, that the two premiers, wiil offer the positions to J. IT.
Haaluni of Regina, and Thomas Sales,
Pi ogressive Member of Parliament !or
Saltcoats. Sask.
Mr. Haslam was a member of the
Eoval Commission which made, i
partial investigation" into the griin
trade in 3?21 and foi many years he
has taken an active interest in 8551-
cultural problems. Mr. Sales is a
practical firmer acd a disec-tor of the
Saskatchewan Co-xjperr.5ve Eler?.tor
Cdir.pany and the Saskatchewan Grail*
Growers' Association. THE   LEDGE,    GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
Is ��2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
52.50 when not paid for three mouths or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
tha United States $2.50, always in advance.
G. YY. A. SM1TB
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coil and Oil  Notices     7.00
Bslray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.0c
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears w notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
fa:rest representation   possible  for
every part of fehe province.
T All other legal 'advirtising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals  i2^c,   a  line each iu-
rertion.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to hove more money.
Dox't be afraid of truth; Bhe is
no invalid.
Be a  reformer if you will but-
begin on yourself.
It's awful hard to find your confidence after it has been misplaced.
Nowadays, an ideal husband. ie
one who can keep his mouth shut.
Its faith in something and enthusiasm of something that make
life worth living.
Some of the und esirable citizens
of Greenwood deserve nothing less
than to be exiled to Phoenix.
As a rule those who fail to chip
in when, the collection plate ie
passing are the first'to-criticize the.
sermon.'- .V,, 'VV --"  ���'���     '���������" ''���"���'- '':'[-'
"yA-.Chicago woman shot- her'hus-.
band because he. would  not go to
-church;.  She -was -determined . to
land him .in  heaven one. way or
anotberV 7.-:Vv--W.;VW:      "y
��� Eehe's to. lovely -woman��� -��� y/y.   '
The cause of all our.woe.y"-X
...She's fair, and sweet,. V. 7 V    V
V But her topgue and feet:'
..-Are always on.-the go..\  V    -      7.
B. CV Will Become Great
;--;��� Sheep Country
.   Victoria, -May 30..-:-One million
sheep'in B, C. ihl930, ia .the. gtial"
aimed at by Hon. TV " D.   Pattullo,
minister, of lands,Vwho.  etates ".that
the government is  undertaking an
. educational7 campaign to increase
the number of sheep,- raised in .the
province.'.; , At" present,. he" says,
; there are only 50,000 sheep in. B;C.,
; on the 16,000 farms of the province.
V There ia room. for 100,000  farms,
but if only 20 head of; sheep7were
.carriedi; on each .of .the 16,000.
farms there ^vould/ba: a; total,of
.320,000. ...The minister.points.i.out
that everyviarmer 7 should carry a
iew.Bheep; yThe.cost of their keep
is small, while the profits are large/
Furtherinpre,; there" is a. splendid
home: market for V mutton, iamb
and.wool.,, ;Afc: present. British-Co-'
lumbia brings in 50,0007sheep an-.
��� nually for home. consumption, as
well as 3,000,000 pounds of dressed
mutton and products.. British Columbia is an;, ideal";, shsiep country;
and the farmer has been passing up
a sure thing. . ���
Premier Oliver and his cabinet
,have commenced the heavy task of.
.redistribution; of seats in the Legislature of British j'Columbia, and
it is expected thai; at-the next
session of the House, which Vmn&t
commence by December "15 and
probably will start in October, .'a
bill will be introduced providing
for a rearrangement of provincial
representation. ' At the last general election there were less than
1000 votes cast in several , ridings,
while large electoral districts in
some instances have only .one
member. No 7 decision V can be
given out as to what -, diangss ''.will
be made, bat . Premier ��� Oliver is
.determined to solve thevproblem
in each a manner as to provide.; the
Hi n. William Sloan, minister cf
mines,     haa   returne 1     from   tie
nternational  Mining   Convention,
held   at   Spokane,    where   he de
vet el an address on mining in
B. C, pa?t and present. A pp-'ci;>!
mineral display was takeD t<>
Spokane anti no little interest \\&*
thus created in the great mineral
wevlth of this province. Tho
minister claims that this will In'
the b.^mier mining year in B.C.,
with a total production of from
forty to fifty million doll us.
British and American capital aro
becoming interested, while local
investors are realizing that the
tiuesfc investment opportunities on
the continent are found within the
borders of their own uroviuce.
Postal Co-Operation
Always place the stamps in the
upper right hand corner of the
envelope, well cletir of the addresp,
aud by the way, when you are putting them on, remember to moisten
the envelope, not the stamp! You
sae, the trouble is that if you lick
the stamp, in the good old-fashioned way, you may in the moment of
enthusiasm remove too much of
that very necessary mucilage which
should keep it in place on your
letter. So just moisten tbe envelope and press the stamp down
firmly upon ib,���as we said bpfore,
in the upper right hand corner,���
making sure before dropping the
letter in the letter box or post offica
receiver that there is no danger, of
the stamp coming off while on its
way through the mails, for if it
does, then although the letter will
be sent on to its destination, the
person to whom it is addressed
may have to 'pay up' on accouut
of tbe missing postage, and may
make uncomplimentary remarks
about your carelessness.
To Resume Operations
At Copper Mountain
- Definite instructions respecting
the,resumption of activity at Cop-.
per Mountain were received yesterday by'TMr. Jf. ;R; Clapp, assistant
general "manager.. of.,.'- the j3ranby
Company. Mr. ..Clapp will. have,
fnll.charge of the operations,of;the
newly organized Allenby Copper
company, and willV occupy the.
bnugalow at Copper Mountain formerly .used by Mr. Van. Wagehen,
general manager 7 of theV Canada
Copper, corporation. . yX- ' '-'
.So far as the, Granby.is concerned the work at present; will consist
of putting; the plant, both at the
mine and-miil, in shape for operation. ���'.- This will afford employment
for 100 men.. The work of repairing, the railway ; track; between
Princeton and the .Mountain is expected to; commence at .once and
will, employ a considerable force of
men for about.^..fvyo months...^The
Granby. company are planning to
have their plant in shape to begin
mining and milling.by the time
the railway spur is-,_��� repaired.-
Princeton Star.7   .'   V-V
The; Tattler
-In "ah old,: old volume,, printed
more-than one hundred years ago,,
we came across -the;;'following
recipe to make a.tattler.'' 7
... "Take of the; vine called Runabout,"V,and; the root of TNTithble
Tongue, of each ..six handfulfij
fifteen .ounces of Ambition/ .the
same .-quantity of Nonsense;, bruise
them well.' together in the mortar
of Misapprehension, then boil them
over the fire of Surmise* till yoa
perceive the scum of falsity; rising
on top; strain, it through the cloth
of Misconstruction, put it into 'the
bottle of. Malignity, and - stop it
with the cork of. Envy; such- a
draught, through the quill of
Malevolence���and you wiilVbe pre-,
pared to speak all manner of evil,
without    respect    to   persons   or
character,','   : ,
:'/->-In7.the ibrewing -of7scandal,and
"gossip we'seem-to.stili..work by.the
old n3cipe of a.century ago. 7   ,; ,
A Word for the Under-Privileged Boy
Positively, Mr. Murphy
7 Going out of business, Vwill sell
baby buggy and baby bed. Phone
204V (Want;ad^in7.Fa��oii?7Mo.,
Sun.) 7 W.WV :VW "y\Vv V"
' Old/newspapers X .for-..'sale, '"at
TheTtedge. office.;; VGet some before they are all gone...V-V.W -.V, ���
THE Rotary Club of Montreal,
like its sister organizations
throughout the continent, is an eri'i-
cient and effective organization
working for tlie good of the community ln which it exists. It has particularly devoted its attention to
work among the class of boys tliat
fall under the term "under-privileged." In every great city tliere are
thousands of such lads facing life
under grievous handicaps imposed
by poverty, or by the more dreadful
combination of poverty and such
physical or moral surroundings as
would be a menace to the strongest.
The task of brightening the lives
of these lads and oi giving them a
fair chance to become good citizens
is a grateful one, and the Rotary
Club of Montreal has done a splendid
work in this connection. It has
interested itself in a very practical
' way in the Boys Home at Shawbridge
ln the Laurentian Mountains, and has
done a great deal for hoys throughout the city and district.
#)The Shawbridgo Boys Home is the
particular care of E. W. Beatty,
President of the Canadian Pacific
Railway,- who is also president of
the Home. He has always taken a
great interest in the under-privileged
'boy, and -it was natural, when the
��� Rotary Clubs held their convention
in Montreal recently, that he should
be asked to address them on that
phase of their work.
"Perhaps the saddest thing in the
world," said Mr. Beatty, "is the subnormal boy, or one whose standard
of health is low, and no work is
greater or more inspiring than that
which helps to place the handicapped
boy where, he can face the world on
fairly equal terms with the more
fortunate."
Mr. Beatty went on to quote an
eminent English educationalist who,
although not prejudiced against
parents as a class, stated with truth
tliat many parents are not appreciative of the . problems of .their
childrenvand,"not. being capable of
grappling-with.their difficulties, do
not supply the Inspiration that'tends
.to make "them the. kind, of citizens
77they' should, grow up' to be;-, "The
under-privileged boy of this class,"-
said Mr. Beatty, "is often precocious
but more often he is undeveloped
physically and mentally, and therefore not capable of accomplishing his
own destiny.
"If the under-privileged boy of the
city, born to unfortunate physical
environment, is to succeed, ho must
have that environment made natural
and normal as far as possible," said
Mr. Beatty, aud this, he suggested,
argues even more strongly for the
supervising care by those in authority, and competent inspection involving sanitary housing no overcrowding and supervised playgrounds, etc.
Every boy should for his own sake
and for the sake of the community,
have the use of the common tools of
life or a common school education.
A boy should also be taught the incomparable practical and spiritual
advantages of honest self-made man-,
hood, he added. . V
"It has been truly said that the
best educated man is the man who '
has a knowledge of living through
contact with those whose problems
he shares and whose conditions he
understands.... I presume there is
no more effectual means of stimulating the interest of a boy than the
careers and achievements of men of
whom he has heard but'of whose
personal qualities he . knows'
nothing", and the speaker deplored
the fact that biographies and other
stories which might influence tho
boy for good are so written that the
human side is left out. He added
that the boy "must be taught that
the great personal freedom, we
enjoy under our form of democracy
carries with it the responsibility of
being and doing our very best. He
must learn that there Is no virtue
without temptation and that the
sacredness of righteousness is largely constituted in the effect of the
Individual or nation to attain it.
"This," he'said, "is not a work that '
can be initialed by parliament or
made effective by legislation; It
"requires the personal interest. and
the friendly contact of the man who
can compel the respect and regard
ofthe boy."      7.   ,7   .'"'   V:* .
>raham Martin Honored
Mominieiit to First- Scottish Settler,
First  King's  Pilot  On  the  St.
Lawrence, and First Farmer
On the Plains of Abraham Unveiled.
At Quebec recently the Hon.
Athanase David, Provincial Secretary
in the Quebec Cabinet, officiated at
the unveiling of a monument erected
by the Canadian Pacific Railway
Company in memory of Abraham
Martin, who was the first known
Canadian of Scottish descent and the
first King's pilot on the St. Lawrence
River. The Plains of Abraham received their name from him, he receiving a grant of tho land from
Champhiin in 3 0.17. The unveiling
of the monument, a handsome granite shaft- seven feet high surmounted
by a globe supported by thistles, was
an important event and was attended
by a large number of prominent citizens and political representatives.
The sturdy pioneer is further acclaimed by Andrew Patterson,  who
says :���
ABKAIIA3I MARTIN.
Auld Scotland many _a hero boasts
From John 0' Groats to Wigtown's
coasts,     .�� _
Both   Lowland    lads   and   Highland
hosts
That wear the tartan;
But now another seeks your toasts,
Old Abra'm Martin.
But what pretence has he to fame,  .
That we should celebrate his name,
Arid thus in stone and bronze proclaim
__ His style and story ?
A threefold plea can Martin claim   -.'
To all this glory.
The first of Scotia's sons was he
To cross Atlantic's stormy sea��� :
True pioneers of liberty.      7     X
Giving their best
That this Dominion, fair might be
Blessing and blest.
See in his wake the glorious band,
MacKenzies, Frasers, foremost stand,
MacDonalds, too, in high command,
And James McGill,
ITountstephen and Strathcona grand���
7'Twould pages fill.
The first was he to till this plain,
Now sacred to that fierce campaign
When heroes fell; but not in vain
In glorious strife.
O Canada, thine was the gain.
Renewed thy life 1
lie was the first to mark the tides,"
The rocks, the shoals St. Lawrence
hides���
The mariner in him confides
And bans his fears;"
"The ship," he cries, "in safety rides
When Martin steers.".
Though fate 'niong strangers cast his
lot    .
He ne'er forgot hc was a Scot,
Thrifty and shrewd he, was, I wot,
Canty and gaucy,
Proud of the nickname that he got,
"Abra'm l'Ecossais."
Let us whate'er our race or creed���
This ancient Scot's example heed,
Aud give the best that's in our .breed
That ours may be"~-
A Canada in word and deed
High-souled and free.
���A. Patterson.
S
Tailored Clothes
Men's Suits and Overcoats
For Spring and Summer
Splendid A; son ment of New
Sarocles Just Arrived
Call and see them   ,
-at-
T.   THOMAS
Tailor and Cleaner
" ���'-'   Greenwood
���Wif raiw^i^iy
Synopsis of   ,v
Land Act Amendments
first-class   land
second-class  to
confined    to sur-
ssae
Chief Inspector:    ���);v W.
7���- v . - Of. Mines v Retires
, James McGregor, who hap ;beeh.
chief inspector-of .mines, -for British
Golumbia-since'MayVlO," 1920, ��� lias
resigned-the.position7 because of ill-
health. ;. The duties', of "the" office
'.will'be.taken ,over.' on, June- 1 by;
Qeprge Wilkinson, Vwho- waschief
inspector from the .yeiir .3917 7 to
1920 and resigned, to.become.super:
intendent of the Pacific Ooast Mines
Limited.-:V':. V~        .7 ."'---";
' -;In making, this announcement^;
.Hon. "William Sloan,I'minister' of
mines, Btated .tb.aHfc was - V matter
of sincere regret,; not; only-to "-him-
;s_e_l. r.but _feo_ all the..' officials'; .ofWhe
department of.minesj that Mr. Mc--
Gregor should,be: compelled.- to. relinquish office.on account of poor
health. [Uq has been in, the service of the ^department -iov about
25.years, and-had a record throughout fehat period - of. 'efficiency and
conscientious:, atte ii tion Vto Tl ufc'y.
'It was Mr. Sloan's hope,7and that
of all Mr.' McGregor's associates,
thatihe would be .restored to complete health. ���-[��� -y:) < -':..'': ;W-W.
V-A" company  has   &een ."formed-, in"
London to exploit .sunken treasure in"
,-Na'varinp'.Bay,  off  the .west; coast
of - Greece; " -The   "promoters   state
that there is; & matter of $45,000,000
���in .bullion - and other" forms -still > at"
.the.bottomrof tht Bay,- whereJt \vas7
- sunk \y.th- the- united fleets.of Egypt
'and Turkey' by" the-.united  British;
.French-and Russian  fleets in  1827.-
.   Last7 summer 4,000 '- forest:  fires
cleared away at-least; ten'tiniest "as
"mans;, trees - as1  jvere" cut ...down 'for-
lumber, pulp" arid-paper; and all. oth-
��� er- industrial purposes! . AveryVlarge
��� percentage., of Vthe ."fires' were, caused
by careless campers,, and sportsmen-
who -"thought -it .would "die ..out"-- or.-
cast away a. lighted match or cigar-
. e'tte". end. ��� V' . ' -:..XX''~
WyXXXyX^^^^yiXoiXXxXXXXxXX
^'he$OtK';'^
:A\t work ;aiS-'mai;en^7^uafUu teefl. X We;
fV:;p%V}bo^agej;cwe.\raYV
'. E.. W. .WIDDbWSOJN, Assayer;'and
Chemist, ' Box.-biioS, . Nelson, .B...C.
Cha'rges:-7-GoldVSilvi;r,' Gopp'eror Lead
fi.vS. each, -Gold-Silver. $1.75. ��� Gold-
Silver wittaCopper. or Lead;$3-.007-'Silver-Lead ipiVoo.��� Silver. Lead-Zinc. $3.-60.
Charges" for;bdier. .metals,- 'etc.,'oh-ap-;
plication.":'""' , -.'    ��� X '' '��� [ . ��� V '   -  ' ���
;"I74N&-:&CT.W
NOTICE OF INTENTION TO APPLY TO
��� - ���' . -i [ ;P.URCHASE.Lknu.     " 7- ' -
fn Similkameen Division of Yale Laud District,
Recording District of.Penticton. B. Ci: and
situatenear Suen'cer, B'.C-sliuated west of
., aiid "adjoining- Lot 17 3 7 S. D. Y..D. .
7.7" -'J'AKlv. NOTICE''t'liatjOO days after date
I, Abel Tromblej', .of, Elioll, .B.C., occupation
r.iiiclier.iii'tuiHrtq apply for jjermiKsion-topur-
cliase't'lie followiiifj'.describert lands:.-    .-:_
Coninicitciiijr at a post planted '.'Ochains
-Soutli o��."Mie'_NoriIi;\Vest--Coriieriof liot 1737,
tlieiice South 20 cliains; thence \Vesl".20chains:
thence-Xortli 20'chains; tlie.iice "East20.chains
and cotitaiuiny jO acres more or less.l'or praz-
fiig-purposes. -    :���. --..,-.
.[-..,���.���:    ������;'.  ABEL;TRO"Mm.Ky-,
7 '"-'��� -,.-'-.--.. ''-''.   '-.   ���    Applicant.
'-."Date.d.3id April, il>3.       .   '.-' 7-    V-    -
GREENWOOD ELECTORAL DISTRICT
-.-.-NOTICfC is hereby triv^ii tliat I" sliall hold
a Court of Hevision at llie Coort House, Grt'en-
wood.'Ji.C^, <)u Monday', the 18th day'of June,
1923,-at'10 o'clock iii the forenoon, for the pnr-
pose of revistngr the. Voter's List oi the Greenwood Electoral. Di&tricty'and "of "htariiiff and
dcle'rminliiif any and all objections, to the re-
.lentroii of, any name or names on the .register
ofVoters for the said .Electoral District.- ,',
-Dated a,i Greenwood, B.C.,-this Sth day of
Mav, l.23.' ' -' 7 ' ��� -' ;- : ', - "' ���
"���   r: . - . ' ,'P, H. McCURRAC^
''Xy   .Registrar of Voters'for the
Greenwood Electoial District
^|oiisoM|ie|liiii!|%v;Sin
"of Canada, Limited
-: ., ��� Office, Smelting and Refining Department
.. -'   X- -,    X"  .'--.TRAIL, BRITI.SH COLU1IBIA .  '.".-'- -  .
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
mx:yy;xy:yyxyxx::. yyyyxyyy^yxyymxxxymxxyil
xmxxxmnmm^mmmy - mxx^mxyxmm
,ciOii*Diw^
imer Excursion Fares
TV Eastern Destinations
On Sale Daily May 15th to Sept. 15
5"
Return Limit Oct. 31
Winnipeg .$7200   .Fort William   #72.00
To.onto] ��113.75     Niagara Falls   I120.62
Hamilton ....$113.75     Ottawa $��27,95
Loudon $113 75     Montreal #132.75
Quebec .'..$141.80     Monctou  , $160.30
St. John  ...; ...$160.30     Halifax- $166.95
St. Paul $72.00     Chicago..... , ..$86.00
Minneapolis $72.00     New York $147.40
Duluth _ $72.00     Boston ..." $153-50
TAX ADDITIONAL
Many Additional Destinations
Ask for Rates from and to any Point
Route via .Port Arthur or via Soo Line, through.
Winnipeg or Portal, .thence via Chicago or Sault Ste. Marie
via Great Lakes; or via California at additional fare; or good
to go Via one of the above routes,- return another.
J. S. CARTER, Dist. Pass. Agt.,
Nelson, B.C.
Ralaoe Livery  Stable
W. H. DOCKSTEADER, PROP.
.     ~ Express and Heavy braying
Auto's and Truck For Hire, Day or Night -
We carry      ���    ^    , J
Tires, Oils, Greases, Hay and Grain
Office Phone 13. Residence Phone
Minimum price of_
reduced to 55 an acre;
$2.5cTan acre.
Preemption, now
veyed lauds only.
Records   will  be   granted   covering
only  land  suitable   for    agricultural-
purposes   and    which   is   non-timber
land. ..
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective _
claims.
Pre-emptors    must . occupy    claims
for  five   years   and   must make . im- ..
provements  to value of $10 per  acre, ��
including clearing ir'and  cultivation' of
at   least    5   acres,    before   receiving
Crown Grant. *"
Where pre-emptor in occupation uot
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may because of ill-health, or other cause, be
granted intermediate certificate of im-
proveiuent and transfer his claim.
Records without.perrnanetit residence
may be issued, provided ��� applicant
makes improvement to. extent of $300
per anuum and records same each
year. Failure to make improvements
or-record same will operate as forfeiture. Title cannot, be obtained in
less than 5 years; and improvements of
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleat-
ed and cultivated, and residence of at,
least 2 years are required. .
Pre-eniptors ...holding Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory -improvements made
and residence maintained .on Crown
granted land. .t
- Uiisurreyed areas not exceeding". 20
acres, may be leased.as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement.conditions.
For-grazing and industrial purposes,
areas exceeding 640 acres may be
leased by one person or company.
Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber land not exceeding'40 acres
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of stumpage.       -      -   '
Natural hay meadows inaccessible
by existing roads may be purchased
conditional upon construction of a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.
PRE-EMPTORS' FREEl.GRANTS ACT
The scope of this Act is enlarged to
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces. The time
in which the heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is extended from one
year from the death^jf such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion oirthe present war. This privilege is made retroactive.
. No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded after June 26, 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
4,1914, on.accounfc of payments, fees or
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptious.
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted from enlistment to March 31st, 1920.
SUB-PURCHASERS OF CROWN LAND
Provision  made   for  hwmrance    of
Crown   Grants   to  sub-purchasers  of
Crown Lands, acquiring rights from ~
purchasers who failed to complete purchase, involving forfeiture, on fulfillment'of conditions of purchase, interest
and_iaxes. "'Where���stib-purchasers" do"
not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes may be distributed  proportionately    over. whole
area.   Applications must be made by .
May 1, 1920.
"CRAZING
Grazing Act, 1919, for systematic de- -
velopment of livestock industry provides for grazing districts and range
administration under Commissioner.
Annual grazing permits issued, based,
on numbers ranged; priority for established owners. Stock owners may form
Associations for range management.
Free, or partially free, .permits for
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten
head.
BRITISH    COLUMBIA
The Mineral Province of Western Canada
TO END OF DECEMBER, 1922
Has produced Minerals valued as follows:   Placer Gold, $76,542,203; Lode
Gold, $109,647,061; Silver, 859,814.266; Lead $51,810,891; Copper, $170,723,242;
Zinc,   824,625,853; Miscellaneous Minerals, $1,358,839; Coaf and Coke, $238,- '   -
2S9,5A5; Building Sfcone,i Brick, Cement, etc., $36,605,942, making ite.Mineral
Production to the end cf 1922 show
An Aggregate Value of $769,418,462
Production for the Year Ending December, 1922, $35,158,843
,   ,.:: ,-.,Xhe   Mining^^^ Lawsj ofthis Province, are more liberal,/and the fees lower,.
���y)'[Vfchan those of any other Province in the Dominion, oi? any Colony in the British
' , "--'���"���    ;' Empire. "."'"' " -'
Mineral locations are granted to discoverers for nominal fees,
Absolute  Titles are  obtained  by developing such properties, the security
7. of which is guaranteed by Crown Grants,
..." V .,.-, Fall information, together with Mining Reports, and Maps, may foe obtained
.gratia by; addressing���:...- .
^:^��-PU-x- x ���E HON. THE 'MINISTER' Q�� MINES
)-:VV^xxy'"V,l^Vxyy)y) xVICTORIA, British Cotakia.
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