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The Ledge Aug 25, 1921

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Provincial Library
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THE  OLDEST   MINING   CAMP  NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
Voi,.   XXVIII.
GREENWOOD, B.^ C.THURSDAY, AUGUST 25, 1921.
No. 7
V. ���  * <-V
,��f
House Furnishings, Hardware,
; Kitchen Utensils, Etc.
T.M. GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28.   - GREENWOOD, B.C.
<      x
Large Assortment of -
Christie's Biscuits
Salmon and Halibut
Arriving Fresh Every  Thursday
OrdersYour: Preserving Peaches and Plums Now-
All Steps Lead Tot X
LEE & BRYAN        Phone 46
/2uauiuaiiUiUiaiauauiuaiiaiuauuauaiUiaii.MUiU..^
M��4
XV~r,.
Take Care of Your Complexion
Vanishing, Dry, Massage and Cold , Creams,
< Face Lotions,. Complexion Powders,
Rouges and Talcs
' Big  Line   Just   In
11  GOODEVE'S   DRUG   STORE    |
M<i��>iiM|��i��*wsSilMttpi��aiM��MtiMi��l����*��>*����>'
We have placed standing orders with Okanagan
packing houses for ' x '
Preserving Fruits
To be shipped on receipt of our wire
To get the freshest and best order from
TAYLOR & JENKIN
PHQNE 17.
GREENWOOD
000<KH>0O0O0O000O00<>0000O0000<}OC^>00OO0OO000��O00<>OO00<t
WINDSOR HOTEL
GREENWOOD, B. C.
The WINDSOR HOTEL la heated with steam
and electricity. Fine sample rooms. A comfortable home for tourists and travellers. Touch the
wire If you want rooms reserved. The buffet is
replete with cigajs. cigarettes, cooling beverages,
buttermilk and ice-cream.
o����ooooooooooooooooo��ooooooo<>ooo��ooooo^ooeo<>oo<>ooo<>o
j| A   COOK'S   REPUTATION  is founded largely on wholesome
and uniform materials
USE
BURNS' SHAMROCK FOOD PRODUCTS
"Tfee Eden's Standard" ' ^
1
HAM    V4ACON   _LARD      BUTTER      EGGS      SAUSAGE $
P, BURNS & COMPANY  LIMITED - 1
Wholesale Distributing Branch, West Kootenay District, NELSON, B.C.
Packing Plants at        .     .-.
CaUrary       Etfmostoa      Regina       Prince Albert:       Vancouver
'��
Next Issue of -Kootenay Telephone-
Directory Closes September 1st
If yoa a_e contemplating taking new service, or makingany changes in
your present service, you should send notification iti writing not later tban
the above date; ia order that you may takeadvantage of the new directory-
listings-
.   Advertisers will find that the telephone directory offer an attractive and
cfiective.-medidm for their purposes.'
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY.
Real Estate .& Insurance.
Life, Fire, Health, Accident
Automobile
Best Companies t in  the  World
Enquire as to Rates
Ranches For Sale
Auctioneer -
Call And See
CHARLES KING
" GREENWOOD, B. C.
Spectacles of All Kinds
vFor Sale and Repaired
WALTHAM WATCHES
AsE "for- Prices'and "Compare" with ".Mail
Order House
,. McELMON, Greenwood
Independent Meat
Market
We carry only the best stock procurable
ui
Fresh  Meats,   Ham, Bacon,
Lard, Etc.
'A"Trial vill Convince You
John Meyer
Proprietor
Greenwood Theatre
Gray & Clerf, Props.
0N& NIGHT EACH WEEK
SATURDAY,   AUGUST 27
Commencing at 8:15 p.m.
Mary Pickford
"Heart of the Hills"
A story of Old Kentucky
6 Reels 6
Also a One Reel Christie Comedy
"Just Like Dad"
Adults SOc.
Children 2$c.
Estateof Guy Albert Southern
Deceased ..
FOR CASH SALE
One Team of Horses (Geldings) weight
3400 pounds, Age 6 and 7, colour black,
used to logging.
One heavy set of Double Harness in
good condition.
One Wagon 2*4 tires, iii good condition
Can be inspected at V. Bewitte's Store,
Bridesvitle, B.C. Sealed tenders with
references, not later than September ist,
1921, to be sent to
CHARLES KING,
Official Administrator, Greenwood, B.C
Highest or any tender not necessarily
accepted.
ffi *
Capt.  S. J. Mitchell left last
night by auto for Vancouver.
Around Home
Mr. and Mrs." E. P. Keir are on
a motor trip to Osoyoos^
Fred Hoskins, of'Vernon, was
in town on Thurdays last:
E.'A. Brown, of Midway, was
a visitor to town on Tuesday.
Mrs..Geo. Clerf is visiting her
sister, Mrs. H. Twells in Trail.,
-.Miss M. McMynn, of Midway,
is the guest of Mrs. W. EL Docksteader.
��� *
Mark Smith and Eric Jackson,
of Beayerdell, are spending a few
days in town.
Boen���To Mr.jtnd Mrs. J. F.
Worthington, of Midway, a son
on August.23.
Place your orders now for Fall
Wheat and-Fall Rye for seed at
R. A. Brown's, Midway.
, Mrs. Lewis Bryant returned
last week from a; visit to her
daughterin Trail.
itoiss Ethel Ferguson, of Midway, is the guesi ' of her sister,
Mrs. W. R, Dewdney.
Special this week. Whole
Roast Coffee 3 lbs for $1.00 at
R. A. Brown's, Midway.
Miss Margaret" Caldwell, of
Olds, Alta., is the guest of her
sister,-Mrs. G. B." Taylor.
The Misses Muriel and Rose
Peltier, returned'; to Grand Forks
on Sunday after a visit with
friends in.this city.
~Mr. and Mrs. A. N. Docksteader and daughter, ��� Shirley,
returned on Saturday from a
motor trip to Spokane.
Mrs. J. D. MacLean and two
daughters, Jessie and Betty, of
Victoria*, are .the ..guests of j Mr.
and.Mrs. G. S. Waiters.
Sunday angling was not quite
as enjoyable during the'past
Sunday as on former occasions,
and the catch was quite limited.
Mr. and Mrs.' C. A. E. Shaw
and Norman Shaw motoeed in
from Cawston on Monday. Mr.
Shaw is surveying the city ranch.
- Ivor Potts left for Vancouver
on Monday, yia Revelstoke, after
spending two months here the
guest of Mr. and Mrs.  A.  Sater.
H. M. Stramberg ' returned on
Monday from a very enjoyable
vacation at Nelson, Cranjbrook,
Vancouver, Seattle_and other
cities. '___	
Ice cream sundaes, ice cream
sodas, all kinds of soft drinks,
orange crush, lemon crush, lime
crush, cocoa cola at the Windsor
Buffe'l.
Mrs. P. A. Benson and two
daughters left on Tuesday morning for Vancouver where Mr.
Benson is seriously ill iu the
hospital.
Axel Gustafson, of Penticton,
formerly of Phoenix, was in town
on Monday ��� and Tuesday. He
was accompanied by his three
children.
D, J, McDonald of the No: 1
road, has added a small threshing
machine to his farm equipment.
The machine arrived from P.E.I,
on Saturday,
Mrs. Roberts and daughter,
Mary, of Moyie, B.C. left on
Thursday morning for Vancouver, after visiting Mr. and.Mrs.
S. W. Auger, of Eholt.
Mr. and Mrs. P, H. McCurrach
and family returned on Wednesday afternoon from a -motor- trip
to Spokane. The return journey
was made via Oroville, Wash.
Improvement in the ' school
building are under way. The
school is in good condition but
the foundation is being strengthened and some plastering done.
Presbyterian Services will be
held on Sunday, Aug. 28th in
Midway at 11 a.m. and in Greenwood at 7.30 p,m. At the eyen-
ifig service in Greenwood there
will be special music and Mrs.
Birch will sing "My Task."
Geo. S. Walters has received a
communication from J. A. Mac-
K^lvie, M. P. for this riding,
that the Customs office" at this
port will not be closed.
Mrs. A. Sater and Mrs. M.
Anderson left on Wednesday
morning by auto for Penticton,
where they will visit Mrs. Axel
Gustafson.
Mrs. Hill, of Barrie, Out., and
son-in-law, Mr. Bestedo, of Moose
Jaw, Sask., who have been yisit-
ing Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Auger at
Eholt, left this morning for Pen-
iticton.
An exceptionally good show is
billed for the Greenwood Theatre
on Saturday, evening. Mary
Pickford, the famous screen star,
will appear in a six reel feature
"Heart of the Hills" a story- of
old Kentucky. A one reel
Christie comedy "Just Like Dad"
will also be shown.
.The peace and serenity of Sunday afternoon was disturbed by
the sounding of the fire, alarm
about 4 o'clock. The fire was on
Gold St. in the big white house
at the rear ot the Imperial'hotel.
The fire was soon got under control with very little damage to
the building, but had it not been
for the prompt work of the fire
brigade, a fearful conflagation
might haye ensued. The fire
was of mysterious origin.
A most enjoyable surpriseparty
was held in .the Anaconda school
house on Saturday, Aug. 20th in
honor of the Williamson, Keir
and Beattie families. Very lively
music from the.. violin, autoharp
and jiccordion was thoroughly
enjoyed by about SO or more people. After supper dancing was
again taken up. Everyone was
in good spirits which made the
evenings .pleasant one for all,
Among" other were Square dances-,
.polkas, tuxedo and other old
dances. The evening proved
very pleasant and far too short
to.tbe many dancers.
Many people are attracted by
the grand display of home products of flowers, vegetables and
minerals in Lee and Bryan's
window. The splendid assortment of flowers and vegetables
are the property of G. S. Walters,
while M. Anderson has on exhibit two large cabbage heads,
each weighing 13 lbs, and gives
a real idea of what can be grown
in this district with just a little
care. The exhibit shown by Mr.
Walters would be a credit to any
community ~ consisting-"of "ripe
tomatoes, a cucumber 22 inches
long, morning glory, snap "dragons, pansies, etc. The samples
of minerals are all taken from
mines operating in this locality
and include specimens from the
Providence, Vendella, Helen,
Surprise No. 3, Bell, Highland
Lass, Tarn O'Shanter.
A very delightful afternoon tea
was given at the home of Mr,
and "Mrs; G. S. Walters ou Tuesday afternoon, the raison d'etre
being Mrs. J. D._MacLean, of
Victoria, who is visiting her
sister, Mrs. G. S. Walters. The
beautiful home was a veritable
bower of flowers for the occasion
all being so artistically arranged.
Mrs, MacLean wore a becoming
gown and graciously received the
guests (who numbered about
fifty) in the living room, which
was tastefully ' arranged, a firegrate adding a note of cheer. In
the hall was'golden glow in all
its sunny loveliness while on the
table in the dining room were
beautiful china and silverware.
Mrs. Taylor poured the tea while
Mrs/Thomas and Mrs. Waiters
served cake and sandwiches, No
formal invitation were sent out,
it being an impromptu and hurried affair as Mrs. MacLean is
here on a short visit and this was
an opportunity for her many
friends to meet her. In the evening a number of the younger set
gathered at the home to meet
Mrs. MacLean, when bridge,
whist, sieging and dancing
passed away a very enjoyable
evening.
- Tourist Camp Site
Locally there may be some
alight difference of opinion concerning the advisability of a camping site which certain citizens established,on the grounds just north
of the Imperial Hotel. However
thiB may be bnt there is surprising
unanimity of appreciation expressed by those parties who have used
the site this season.
It might be a good idea to have
a register book placed in the camp
where visitors would enter their
names and offer suggestions therein. Here arexa few things that
campers might write:
"We thank the City of Greenwood for acting the Good'Samar-
atan to weary travellers. For the
good of your fair city we spent a
few dollars in your town." -
Another may write: "Lovely
campsite. This is sure a dandy
Jbandy ground. We wish to thank
you for your very convenient and
excellent campsite, which are altogether tooT scarce in Canadian
towns.'?
Perhaps someone will break into
verse and sing: *"~
"Kind folks of Greenwood, please
accept our thanks
For a night of refreshment which
we spent in your camp
The company was excellent.   We
had a dandy time,
So we'll sing praise of Greenwood
for quite same time."
Others again could write in the
register such things as: "Will be
glad to tell others." "Scenery
wonderful and very much enjoyed." "At this place we have the
best camping ground yet. Thanks."
etc. etc. ''
The hotels or places of business
do not lose a cent through it.
Many campers get here rather late
and tooner than get their own sup-
go-to4he.hotelB for it.. _Th.en some
who -have been on the^ road any
length of time, when they arrive at
a town^which looks good to tbem,
will stay at an hotel for a change.
Therefore, if more people are
brought here on account of the
site, the better chances of more
business. Even thongh this were
not the case and they did not get
more business, it is certain that
they do not. lose any, because a
tourist camping is out for camping
and will not put up at hotels anyway, and will only get occasional
meals at restaurants, and those not
camping will not go to the campsite.
So there you are. Look at both
sides of the question,  and if you
are fair-minded) you. _will Jsoon
admit that the campsite is a very
valuable adjunct.
University of B. C.
Vancouver���Owing to lack of
accommadation it may be found
necessary to limit the attendance
to those with full ^matriculation
standing.
First year students with defective standing (supplemental) may
however, submit their applications
for admission, and these applications will be dealt with later.
The Lightning Peak Trail
A new route has been discovered
between the Main Kettle river and
Lightning Peak in the northern
part of the Greenwood Mining
division. It is claimed to'be much
shorter than the present route so
that the trip between the two
points can be-made in less than a
dayf Residents of Christian Valley are anxious to have this route
inspected and if feasable to have a
trail built. -It is suggested that
the road supt.' Jas. Kerr make -a
trip to that section and go over
both routes and ascertain the best
one, so that next year the government can be asked for an appropriation for the work.
A good trail in that Bection will
greatly help the farmers and give
them a northern market for their
products. It will also open
up a rich mineral and farmrag
area.
U. F. of B. C. Celebration
Statement
A meeting of the committee of
the U. F. of B. C. celebration held
on July 1st. met at Rock Creek on
August 13th and the following
statement was made out:
;    --VV-.-   ���  Receipts , -	
Refreshment Booth Tender Jioo.oo" ,    -'
Horse race entrance fee     21.00
Collection..!......    103.75
Total celebration-receipts       fJ24.75
Expenses
Saddle horse race  $15.00
Open race _ 15.00
Potato race .:...-  1S.00'
Boys race , ._ ,.��� 7.50
V. C. race ' _s.oo
Stake race ............"......  15.00
Bucking contest  25.00
Consolation  7.50
Baseball game ,.v. 50.00
Trap shoot ���. 20.00    "
Base balls ..;  g.oo   -.   '
Bills printed  8.00
Tag ribbon .*. ;... 5.00 *
Total celebration expenses     $206.00
Total profit    $ 18.7S ���
Michael Dumont and family
were visitors to town on Monday
from Bridesville.
Billy George, the well-known
prospector and miner has returned to Greenwood from the coast.
He says that conditions there are
very bad and the unemployment
at the coast will be worse than
ever this winter. ,
Miss Bryan, who has besn receiving treatment in the Vancouver General hospital returned to
Greenwood on Saturday much improved in health. She was accompanied by her nephew, H. Bryan.
Nothing made by the hands of
man is permanent," nor indeed is
anything established forever by
the thought of man, say perhaps
his character, and it may be that
his woman folks contribute a lot
to that. Good roads are not permanent, but must be constantly
repaired. The roads of Greenwood riding are in good condition, but need repairing in places.
The long wait for, the senior
normal entrance results is trying
to the candidates who have wrst
ten. These results to be announced, not later than the middle
of July and steps should be taken
to make this possible. The present method of conducting examinations has been in vogue for
upwards of twenty five years,
aud should now be given place to
something better. It is too cumbersome aad slow.
Dance Receipts
Door receipts.... ;......, $198.50
Expenses
Music , ....- $40.00
Ribbon     3,00
Amusement tax    10,00
Floor wax ,.,.,    3,55
Store account....    20.60
$ 77-56
$120.94
$139.69
of  the
Total dance expenses
Total dance profit
Celebration and dance profit..
One   hundred   dollars
above amount is to be kept for a
sinking fund for a celebration next
year and the ballance to be divided
equally between the three U. F. of
B. C. locals that participated.
Robt. BaucE, 8kc,
Celebration Committee.
While returning home on Saturday evening by auto from
Greenwood, Gordon McMynn and
party of Midway met with an
accident when the auto left the
road and turned oyer near the
rock bluff below Boundary Falls.
All the "occupants escaped uninjured with the exception of
Gordon who is suffering from a
bruised back.
Currants For Sale
Black currants and Red currants for sale at $2 per crate.
Phone 7L, Wm. Jenks, Greenwood, B.CV
. For
\
8350 Ford car, in good running
order. Owner leaving town.
Apply to w. L. Clark, Pacific
Hotel, Greenwood.
jX;^ THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD,     B.   .0.
Life In The
Far North
Mounted Policeman Returns After
Six Years Spent in Lone Land.
In May 1915, Corporal Cornelius, of
the R.N.W.M.P., left Edmonton for
Herschel Island. He departed quietly without any flourish of trumpets.
Recently he returned to civilization
again for the first time, as silently as
he had left it. Over six years of his
life has been spent in the Arctic wilds,
four of them in the company only of
the two Eskimo murderers sentenced
in 1914 and freed by order of thc gov
ernment later. Corpl. Cornelius is a
lithe, sturdy Canadian, tanned to a
brick red by exposure to biting winter
winds and the short but fierce heat of
thc Arctic summer. Though he has
gone through experiences sufficient to
satisfy thc average man for a lifetime,
hc says but little ,and if there is one
thing lie hates above another it is a
newspaper man. Thc habit of silence
is still strong upon him, and lie is of
-the breed that prefers to do things
rather than talk of tliem.
Down thc broad bosom of the Mackenzie River, lie sailed, aboard thc
Hudson's Bay Company's 65-foot gas
schooner, the Fort McPherson, Captain Hcndrickson in charge. The
schooner carries fifty tons of freight,
in addition to its passengers and
crew,-and the captain has a trading
post on the entrance of the [Mackenzie River. Two years were passed at
Fort McPherson, where the big supplies of provision and building material wcrc disposed of.     Comfortable
��� winter quarters - were established
there, and patrols of the surrounding country were undertaken. The
two Eskimo murderers who were
talcen out by the corporal, and offered their freedom, were so much
taken with the ways of the white
man that they asked permission to
enter the service of the police, and
were both engaged, much to their delight. They rendered great service
as guides and interpreters, and the
white man's law: has never had a
better advertisement in the ��� Arctic
circle than that given to it by these
two men, tried, punished and released
by .its officials, as a warning to
others. In 1917, Corporal Cornelius
was-joined by Constable Erockic, and
thc two set out for Herschel Island,
where thcy spent two years, with
frequent patrols into-the far corners
of the uncharted wilds. Thcir next
move was along thc shores of thc
Arctic to Coronation Gulf, a dog-sled
trip of som�� 800 miles, where another two years were, passed; patrols
at Bathurst Inlet, Kent Peninsula, all
points on the south and west sides of
Victoria Island to Victoria Land and
Prince - Albert. Sound being made
during that period."    "".
The final*trip.was taken by Coronation' Gulf via. Bear Lake to Fort Norman, down ��� the river to Fort McPherson, .then north -to' Herschel
Island, back by coast' to Coronation.
Gulf.once more, another return trip
via Herschel, and "through'Fort Mc:
���Pllcrson up.- the Mackenzie- River,
home by the summer steamboat.."This
latter "trip1 was taken 'by dog-sled, a
.distance of -1,100 miles' being covered
in-rnis" manner,'aiid the total"patrols
by-'dog-sled last winter ran around
2,500-miles. .  ��� '   ��� ''.
. New .headquarters were made at'
Fort- Epworth, ' the -patrol, accompanied .by .Staff-Sergeant. Clay, establishing this"' post, thc two Eskimos,
Ululsuk and Sinnisuak,- accompanying
them.     The party lived in-snow'huts
- for .the greater part of t,hi.. time, and
subsisted on the simple diet    of ��� the
- Wilds, eked' out by 'such.- rations: as
"they Hverc^ablc "td~c"arr"y Vorii. the-sleds
��� Thcy built a-wooden'hut. at Fort.Ep-
w'orth ��� .however,- and. enjoyed- a mild
taste of ".civilization. - In - -1918,:"��� two
other.Eskimo*" murderers Were brought
- inby thexoast.routc by Sergeant'Con
way.    -These" two-men,-.K'ayugana arid
.Korinik, had been triedby '.Inspector.
. Phillips for the; murder of an.Eskimo
woman, -whom both of thcrn-7claimed
as a wife,'    They-Vcrc, however,'ao-
.'quitted; owing to lack of evidence, arid
-; Gay, -Cornelius    and/Brockie; took
them'back by way-.of Herschel Island
- and'the Arctic, to" -Coronation.; Gulf,
; where-the two"';-were'allowed- to :rejoin
1 their'., tribes.- 7,. ''[
���'.- Corporal' Cornelius, says that the
'.trial of the" four Eskimos   .has'' had
- an '. excellent-" effect -on the general
conduct, of the tribesas a whole,while
' the conduct of, thc four-principals has
1  been   ~ihost'-  exemplary..-. 7- Kayugana
and Koinuk were seen several,-times
on" later 'patrols, "their-  bands    being
- usually found on-'the ice at thc: Head
' of .the, Coppermine Riv.cr,-and each
���- time the patrol.received-a-warm .wel
-,- co"me7at-.thc hands'of the tribe. 'Desr
-. pitc-their/years of isolation and hard
ship,, both Corpl.'Cornelius and Con
.. stable LJrockie are looking 'forward to
a' return to the wild -in' the nearfuturc.
. The. two .men" will- now enjoy a well-
..earned holiday, and both arc leaving
- at- once for their- respective home's,
-Cornelius going, to Halifax and
- Brockic to Winnipeg. ���
Pacific Ocean Commerce
In Future Years Will Exceed Trade
of Atlantic.
Robert Dollar, great captain of industry on the Pacific coast, states
that before many years the Pacific
ocean will be the centre of thc
world's commerce and that commerce
on those vast waters will greatly exceed the trade of the Atlantic.
P. A. O. Farrell, Canadian journalist, -writing in the Wall Street Journal with reference to the commerce
of the Pacific says:
"Standing amid the tall fir and
venerable cedars of Vancouver's
noble park, a superb peninsula overlooking the harbor's mouth, I cannot
help musing at the vicissitudes of
nations and empires. Here I havc an
opportunity, to watch thc ever swelling tide of commerce entering and
leaving Vancouver harbor. That
commerce between Vancouver and
Europe and Australia and thc Orient
is greater today than was' the commerce of New York when I first sailed over thc waters of thc Atlantic.
One of those noble Canadian Pacific
ships, thc Empress of Russia or the
Empress of Asia, has a passenger
and calgo capacity tenfold that of
thc Cunard and White Star ships I
used to watcli ploughing wild seas in
my boyhood days, and those giant
ships, linking the Orient and Australia with Vancouver, rc-frcightcd
to capacity and with full passenger
lists. Indeed, no matter how fast thc
Canadian Pacific can provide new
ships for its Oriental trade the demand keeps ahead of the supply. It
is the China trade that is abounding.
China has awakened from the torpor
of ages, and American capital, enterprise and technical skill are., enabling her to achieve . an industrial
evolution."
A Church Skyscraper
Chicago Is Putting Up Twenty-Two
Story Building.
New York's Trinity has long been
an example of how a church can be
dwarfed by skyscrapers, but Chicago
in its proposed Methodist "cathedral,"
is evidently, about to show how a
church can be a skyscraper. A lofty
steeple like Salisbury's will surmount
a twenty-one' storey business building
with the utility of the modern office
building. Thc street level will be occupied by tlie church and stores,
part of the next floor will form a
balcony, and church headquarters and
business offices will take up the rest
of the building. One will be able to
enter thc church at one door and
the offices at another. However, as
every one knows, there is next to
nothing new under the sun. European cluirchcs"havc for centuries had
shops built into them; and a certain
church in Yorkshire, England, had a
butcher's shop occupying a part of
the west end.���From the Christian
Science  Monitor.
North Country Is
Veritable Garden
, The man who is unable to work and
'smoke ��� at    the    same time usually
smokes. '���-.. - .-���.-;       ���-
Night
Morning �����*
''&^&t^.^^Cti&:^rf^i::M&&itti^
The Art of Walking
Exercise Develops Our Muscles and
Stimulates Thought.
Will our legs fall so much into disuse that after a time they will become
like the appendix which has lost its
function and is only the cause of a
fashionable operation? Such a question is indicated in a recent editorial
in Leslie's Weekly, which reads:
Dr. John H. Finlcy, has come homc
from Europe with a fresh enthusiasm
for the forgotten art and exercise for
walking. Having devoted his life
hitherto to teaching thc young idea
how to shoot, he would now teach
it how to march, thereby revising the
ordinary sequence, of infantry training, but in an excellent cause. \   '
Walking develops our muscles, .aids
digestion;- stimulates thought, soothes
and rests the nerves. It is a splendid-specific for a great deal that avails
us" socially and politically. -Here :in
America wc do not begin-to* use'our
legs enough. We'put too much store
by'articial means' of'locomotion/and
consider, as evidence of superiority
thc fact that actually and relatively
we have, more miles of railway/ more
street -cars,, more automobiles than
any other people. . But as Emerson
says, "For everything that 'is ��� given
something is taken." Society acquires
new arts and -loses old instincts." .'
. Already, literally,' wc have- become,
a nation of tehderfcet,-with all that
this .implies. . If Dr. Finlay can persuade us that.legs are made for' use
as" well ."as. for slfo.w, lie'will have
performed- a great service, for', his
country.���St.  Petersburg .-Times.    ������'������
Tibetans Use Much Butter
Eat It With'All Food: and Prefer, It
~X~-"-,.-"     ���'-..' Rancid.-". ,'- -'-���-."   ;   ...
:-'. Milking."is; one..of the,-chief duties
of - thc-Tibctan , woman."-- -Yet in 7a
land   where, cows  and7-yaks  abound,
"there :js no .fresh milk.-' ! "Tibetans say-
that " they . drink buttermilk-because
.sweet milk-, impedes - the breathing,
but' only by "churning'all'the milk-they
can-be sure"'of havihg'cnoughbutterV
Thcy burn' butter in the lamps; ithey
-color it and mold it irilo-patterhsupon'
the -cakes., that:vadorn, -their"'' altars;,
Thcy. 7cat_.it -arid- wear .it. 'Soldiers'
rations include sheep's .bladders of
hut ter;-' travelers  carry; them- ��� on .'a
'journey;: housewives" keep,.tliem hanging in,.the kitchen-r-for-years, if possible, for-, they' .prize. "rancid "butler - as
.westerners dp .��� ripe 'cheese 'and old
wine".   -. In the winter, both men and
���women smear 'themselves, with-butter
until- they '-shine and" reek.-'"with..-it;
Thcy, feed jhc'msclvc-s with -buttered
tea���a soup made of. boiled -"tca',-'.s trained, though a -sieve-and. then.churned
-with ��� butter .and. 'thickened " with
"tsamba.""     Europeans-- loatheV.this
;cbncoctiori and ;hospitable. .Tibetans,
tax.the politeness of shivering; un-
buttercd guests, by adding-;an extra
lump of long-aged butter as a special
"compliment-.���Marietta .Ncff," in Asia
Magazine:
Traveller Tells of Flowers and Fruit
Near Fort Norman,
"The country about Fort Norman
and farther north is a veritable garden of luxuriant flowers. Never in
my life, even in Florida and the South
have I seen so many wild roses as
about Fort. Norman. That was the
biggest surprise of all. I went as far
as a. degree and a half, within the
Arctic Circle and found wild flowers
very plentiful. There were, also
plenty bf wild berries in different localities. What's more, you don't escape the summer heat by going north
I never felt it so hot, even in Florida
as it was at Fort Norman the other
day. '
"People do not realize the immensity of the north country. On the trip
north, I travelled a distance equivalent to,thc width of the Atlantic. For
five %yccks I slept, all but one night,
on the water.and at that the boat
was travelling north with.thc current.
It took about twice as long to return
as to go in, having to make headway
against the current on the return trip.
The Mackenzie flows toward thc Arctic and the. people up there speak of
"down north" and "up south."���Oil
and Gas Journal.
Banded Wild Duck
Makes Long Flight
Flew.From Ontario to Port of Spain,
Trinidad.
- H. S. Osier, of Lake Scugog, Ontario, trapped two. hundred ducks last
season-and banded them.V Most, of
them .wtirc.black; ducks and Mallards,
but in the bunch were tl- -few ��� blue
winged teal. .Many of thc birds-'were
killed,near home, but bands and reports have been received from Ohio;
Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee and
Kansas; Mississippi," -Louisiana and
Texas, while.one of the blue winged
teal was-��killcd near-'Port of.Spam iii
the island-of Trinidad, more- than 2,500
miles from the'place where they wcrc
banded.' .-.,.;-.      ��� .-"'. ,   .''-���'
Squashed!
A well-known .statesman was pres--
cnt at a dinner party. At his side.
sat an old country gentleman.
A conceited .young man spent most
of his time during the meal in making
fun of this old gentleman. He kept
on.referring to him as the Philistine.
��� Finally the old gentleman' said, angrily, ."I don't know what you mean
by a. Philistine?' '   V. V'     "'  -   '
"-"' Th'cV7 statesman!;, rin tcrrupted. ���'_'(' "A"
.PhilistincV",,heysaid,~7 Vis'a-rrian���.'���who
-has.:'-.b.e^
^pm��V 'XXXy XX''"'XXXXxXi':"f-"i'X;Z. '^^IpM^^^^^^MyM^^^^^^sK^
i7s5vivWliW��I^ISI^l7i W^i^M^MM^^S&i^^MB
The Banff Highway
Work Will Be Rushed So Long As
'Weather'Permits.^
' That-.'work :on" the" ;B"ariff-Windermere road' will: bc. continued "is the
message" from "Ottawa,', a' wire having
been sent by the Government, to- En-
ginccrWardle,;in-charge of construc-
tio'n'.'tp the.effect, that $50,000was being advanced to-coyer-the cost;-; ' ���---
, This 'means :" that work- will - be
rushed so - long': as;.; weather - permits
and : .tliat':. by-. the .end .of the year
twcnty.-threc'Vniles .will;" have - been
completed,;-leaving fifteen miles; to bc
���finished in 1922". .Haclthe work"been
stopped-'traffic ovcVthis'liiik'in the
mountain-motor route- to; -"the*. Win-'
dennerc, district would.":.not: have-been
possible' until. 1923 whereas, now-it
shoukb'bc" operating ncxt"-fall.7.V' -\
V Gun to. Fire 300 Miles. ' " ',
- Richard Temple," 'the'inventor.'.of
thc'gtiri-which; it'is-claimed; can be
developed; to fire-a.shell, weighing five,
tons a' distance of 200 to 300 miles,
gavc;a' 'demonstration 'of the "working
of. the model,in.-London.--_ "Mr. ���..Temple"
is a":Loridoncr, who spent many years
in.. Canada arid 'the,.United-'States.
���'With; this, "model weapon Mr.-Tcmplc
drpvc.a bolt half, an-inch-through-a
344..inch steel boiler plate,-, the steel
being perforated as" easily,as'if- it' had
been-"butter..; ..There was -no recoil
arid hardly a flash.,        ��� ' >-.-"  '. ��� .'���_    '
Heals Inflamed Nostrils,
Stops Catarrhal Discharge,
Relieves Colds Quickly
You'll be pleasantly surprised at the
quick action Catarrhozone has upon
Catarrhal conditions in the nose and
throat. It is so soothing,.so healing,
so agreeable to use, so safe and reliable that thousands praise it and use
it every day. No nasty medicine to
lake���you just breathe in the balsamic
vapor of the healing essences of Catarrhozone and feel better at once.
Catarrhozone is breathed through the
inhaler into every air cell in the lungs,
into every air passage in the throat
and nostrils. No matter .where the
cold or Catarrh is, Catarrhozone will
reach it. You can keep, free from
coughs, colds, bronchitis and the like
by using Catarrhozone. Two months'
treatment One Dollar, small size 50c.
Dealers everywhere, or thc Catarrhozone  Co.,  Montreal.
Forest Blaze
Fired Hun Shells
Using    Canned $
Fish
BY LORETTO C. LYNCH
An   Acknowledged   Expert   in
All   Matters   Pertaining  to
Household Management.
Villagers   In  Belgium   Thought War
Had Come Again.
Tlu: inhabitants of Langcmarck,
Clerckem, Staden, Wouinoi and other
villages bounding thc forest of Hout-
hulst, were siartled ont of thcir sleep
one night jrcccntly by a furious cannonading which brought them scurrying out of their more or less repaired
dwellings and in search of dug-outs,
as thcy used to do during "the four
terrible years," as thcy were called in
West Flanders.
The peasants around thc forest
have become experts in artillery, and
the barrage that night, thcy say, was
something more terrific than they had
ever heard during the war. First
there came volleys of thc familiar
German seventy-sevens, Austrian
eighty-eights,1 to which' there w'ould
reply the rapid staccato of French
seventy-fives. The forest of Hout-
hulst was 'ablaze and owing to the
protracted drought fire was spreading with furious rapidity.
' TheA cavalry arrived on the. scene.
They were Belgians from this battered town, come to fight the forest fire.
"Has it come-again, the war, sir?"
a trembling old woman asked of the
captain. v
Suddenly the cry- was heard, "Gas,"
and there was a stampede. Thc soldiers began to distribute gas masks
and throughout the night, peasants,
and soldiers, armed with spades,
shovels 'and picks dug a trench that
the fire, might Se stopped before it
reached the huge ammunition dumps
left bj' German and allied troops in
thc centre of the forest, millions of
shells of all kinds, almost enough it
was said, "to blow west Flanders into
thc North S.ea." '.
-By morning thc fighters had .the
upper . .hand On the fire whicirwas
vanquished about "100 yards, from one
of the' largest .dumps,- but-.mcariwhilc
abfftit 10,000,000 shells of all sorts exploded. ' Thcy.were in,four separate
dumps'.and of four square miles of
the forest where they had been located nothing remains but a few trees
like bare spars swaying'in the .wind.'
A?the sun arose old peasants could
bc seen going to their fields .for'the
harvest-as.if nothing, had happened.   .
To Study Canadian Methods
American Attorney "Will .Investigate
���Handling' of Juveniles.in-Canada'.' -
', Assistant.''-United. States,-Attorney
Guy1 " C. ��� Grapple,-.attached- to the
juvenile court of Chicago;" is on-, a
tour.fo. several Canadian cities to investigate and-make an effort' to solve
the many difficult problems _. which
confront- authorities ,in juvenile work.-1
...He' will devote -particular ^attention
to the "sttidy. of Canadian, laws relating to juvenile institutions-.and the
manner in "which ��� children are . cared
for in; this-country.-- ' He. will also exr
amine into'-ihe: laws ; which ' govern
reformation7of 'delinquents aiuU 'the
corrective policies-employed in .the
-Canadian-.institutes."'-.' :-  -.7    "���'���'   '���,
When the doctor says,, "Less meat
and more fish and milk and vegetables," what is'the .housewife to do
who lives miles from-even the smallest stream-boasting fish?. -Prcserve'd
fish is thc answer. /
Among the preserved fishes-we find
smoked, salted, pickled and canned
fish. And fish in these various forms
provides delightful variety in the diet.
Smoked fish is sometimes freshened
by soaking in cold water or par-boiling.     This is also done with salt fish.
Codfish is one of the staples when it
comes to salt fish. After it is soaked or par-boiled, it may bc made into
a number of delectable dishes.
For instance, how about somc codfish balls? Mix two cups of freshened salt codfish with one cup of chop-
'ped or mashed potato. Add a little
grated onion for flavor, somc pepper,
and a little melted butler. Form
into balls. Roll into beaten-egg and
then into fine crumbs. Fry in deep
fat until a golden brown. Drain on
soft paper and serve on a hot dish
garished with parsley or watercress.
Fish hash is good for a change.
Use equal parts of fish and chopped
cooked potato. Add a little onion,
and a little chopped green pepper
if bn hand. "-Brown in hot fat on the
trying pan until one side* is delicately
browned, then fold like an omelet.-
Freshened salt fish may*, be
creamed and served on toast, as is
fresh, fish. . To prepare this, make
a white sauce by rubbing- together
two level tablespoons each of butter,
and flour. Add one-half pint of rich
milk. Cook stirring until thc sauce
boils. Add the cup of fish and the
chopped whites of two hard-cooked
eggs. ..Pour over .slices of toast.
Press the yolks of the hard-cooked
eggs through a strainer and let them
fall on the creamed fish like "golden-
rain."
���Many of tbe commercial; canners are
lining thc cans in which thcy pack fish
with parchment paper, so that thc
old objections to canned fish have
been practically removed." Not only
is fresh fish packed in cans, but even
folks far from thc sea may enjoy all
the delights of thc various forms of
shell fish.
That any casrncd food may be at its-
best, it is - necessary to remove the
contents of the can*' to a china plate
and allow thc food to air for a couple
of hours. -Rinsing canned lobster
and'crab with, cold water helps a bit.
In. fact, between the airing and thc
rinsing it is difficult "to tell when the
shell fish is put into.a-salad or other
made'dislij that it is a canned product.
Suppose, some warm evening, when
the man of the house is a bit out of
sorts, you-surprisc him with a crisp,
cold lobster or crab salad.. -Chill the
plate you serve- it on and have the
salad-on ice for &n hour or so before
serving: . - . '      ':.-', "-.'"..
L^sc equal.parts of diced celery and
crab. .Moisten with mayonnaise and
serve on, leaves of lettuce... Garnish
with radish rosebuds,, olives.'and slices
of' hard -cooked, eggs. A. few capers
drained from thc liquid-adds to.most
���any .fish salad. ' -'- '
7 ��� Every housewife should keep a few
cans of. sardines on hand'.-'. For the \-
basty luncheonette,- for thc in-bctween
inc.al that-some of the weaker among
.us. need at-times^-sardincs.are ideal.
Broiled for , a - moment after'beiiVy
drained from the oil, and.served -on
slices- of toast with scrambled, eggs
they ''make- a dish attractive alike to
the.eye .and palate.', "    ,' "        .
; Be fair.: tp./your- local 'merchants.
Ask to.see-.his- goods ":and compare
prices before sending- your, money'-to
the mail "order houses. "-You .will-find
that-.it'pays. ���-.,. '.-: '    ' ".-.,;'.   \-\
CHQLErlAViNFANTUiyi
'\    -THE FATAL DISEASE :' ,";
:OF GHILDREN
The West Getting Old
o'f
in
Alberta Farmer
AMeTo Do Two
Field Work In One
*V'If Tanlac had given me.an absolutely new stomach it couldn^t have
made a bigger change in me; for I
now eat pork,' steak and vegetables;
in fact,% anything and everything T
want, without having the- slightest
trace of indigestion," said William
Rcmmic, a well-to-do farmer, of West-
lock, Alberta. ���    ' j '
"The flu left me in bad shape, with
���my stomach all out-of order and a
leeling of weariness beyond words to
describe. Every bone in me ached
to the marrow and not a day passed^
that somc time I did not havc a dull
throbbing pain in my head that would
make my eyes water and I would get
dizzy and nauseated.
"I  was  at  my, wits  end  to know
what to do* and tried so many medicines that gave mc. no relief. that I
lost faith in them all. .Tanlac proved an exception tq7thc .rule and pulled mc around in a very short..time.. I
soon had the.appetite of; a bear and
nothing I ate disagreed with me. I
never- dreamed that any medicine
could make such a change in a man-
in such a. short time. Why, I haven't,
had a headache or a pain of any sort
since I finished thc first bottle. ~ i'
just feel fine all the time and. am now
���able to do as much Work in. the field
in one day as I used to do in two.
Tanlac certainly made a new man out
of'me."
Tanlac is sold by leading druggists
everywhere.
Sight For The Blind
Replacing   Blind   Eyes   With   Sound
Ones Restored Sight.
A young Hungarian zoologist,
Theodor Koppanyi, claims thar hc
can transplant sound cyos from living creatures lo others that aie blind
Before the. Vienna Biological Society he said that hc had experimented first with fishes and frogs,
and then with rats, moles jmd other
>small animals. 'Hc,had observed that
fishes which had lost their sight
sometimes lost also the coloring of
thcir bodies.. By replacing their
blind eyes with soiind ones taken
from."another living creature he had
restored their sight and. their coloring too.
' Frogs, ...when they "became blind,
gave lip seeking food, but with their
new eyes were as diligcnt--as ever- in
thiss respect.
Professor Kolincr, of Vienna University, declared that he had examined somc of thc eyes transplanted by
Koppanyi under thc microscope "and
had found them  to  be normal.
The Main Count.
Detective.���Give mc .a description
of your missing cashier. How tall is
hc? ~ ���
Banker.���I don't-care how tall he is
���what worries mc is that hc is $10,-
000 short. '
Egypt possesses the Largest tomb in
the world���the Pyramid of Cheops,
which covers. 13 acres and is 461 feet
high.    7     . '' .'..      -���   -
Memorial To Caruso
Monster  Candle  Will  Burn  On  All
Soul's Day For 5000. Years.
An eighteen foot candle that can be
burned on every All Soul's day for "
5,000 years, is being made "at New
York-as a memorial to Enrica Caruso
from the inmates of an orphan home
to.;.which therhoted. tenor contributed
$10,000 a year for many years.V -It
wiH be""placed in the church of the 7
Madonna of Pompeii at Napies,'
'Italy.
Antonio Ajello, maker of the candle, has-erected a derrick in his shop
by.means of which the candle,is dip-,
ped thrice ; daily:.. into -Boiling, tallow.J
It will be completed in "ten weeks'arid
will weigh about l,000.pounds." Mr.
Ajello has .figured ; that the candle
would burri continuously for thirteen .
years and seven .months. '"���-.- V-.;
X .     .��� ., , jr. ; '.X;.X'-:      ��� ���-���'"'
;  British Columbia Landslide.
A" landslide with'a half mile'; front-'
age came down without wartfing at
Basque, ->b!C, ��� ori the west-side 'of
Thorhpson River recently, changing
completely the' aspect of the country
in that section. The river vyas entirely blocked and upstream has risen
12 feet. ��� Tlie ground is still falling
down at intervals. Railways/are on
the'east side of the river and out of
the danger zone.
During    the    middle ages, wearing
long hair was a sign of nobility.
A   woman   is   credited with being -
the- inventor of Japanese bronze.
Beans
A Supply of "Clark" Good
Things, all ready to serve
provides a choice of many
excellent dishes for every
occasion, without hours of
cooking. For a satisfying,
strengthening meal, serve
Clark's Pork &  Beans
WITH CHILI, TOMATO OR PLAIN SAUCE
A real treat. Every bean cooked just rigfat in the.
great Clark ovens. Never hard,' never mushy,
and the seasoning is delicious.    \
At Dealers Everywhere.   ,"-;?j ,^^
6-2.1
Calgary"   Forming    Association
"'���' 'Native" Sons of Alberta. -   ;
.-��� A"���movement   has   been   started
Calgary, for the formation ��� of" an association' of .native ;so'ns-. of. Alberta.:
Th.e. iiimibcr -of -those'   who,.having,
grown- to maturity; could; qualify - for
membership.must now' be ..quite large.' =
11 - would" probably "fulfil,,  nuich   -the ! Ss
sairie-function".asxthc   old-timers' 'a.s-;| s:
.o'ciationj'wliich was a strong body .in iS
the Alberta cities .1-5 years, arid'more! ~
r.go.but the'ranks'of; which have .been'. E
seriously - thinned    in'   tlie.'.  interval." ~
Much ^h'as ,forVt-long time "past been  s
Motl!cr?;7shou!d;Ipok well-after .their,; ,^anl ��������� liritisli Columbia oi "native i-=
youn'sr oiu-'s-dnri'ng-: the hot summer (-��� ��� ��� ,,��� c. . _.., ; ��� .,,
months "a-s . this.-is "the time of year jso.is. ,-..' \V hen Sir, Richard. M.cBndc
j when -this' summer -complaint ;is; most.iobtairicd- the' premiership,' it>was cm
.   '   , Caused Loud Laughter.
"New Zealand is going- to become
tlie dairy, farm of the' empire," said
Mr. Massey, its premier, at A dinner
in -London. "Wc' have;' got tremendous water power''���at - which there
was a yell, of laughter.'
A French banknote of the value
of one franc,- after being in circulation - for some months was recently
examined by French scientists, who
discovered. 80,000,000 bacilli thriv:
ing ori it,..V_'      ' ���. ..tV ..'������."'���'"
/--Sunstroke is .-caused,- /hbt-.-.'pnlyVby'
;��h ei;7sun^ ;��� ^?t. ;;;|^
.vipI��tvr^ys;!bf_thK'su^^
P7^fK^I!c;��$tfi^
7^ijVi.?gS�� igfi Jif V^
prevalent..*. It- begins .-with.'a profuse
diarrhoea,"the stoinach.-beconi'es irritated, vomiting.'arid purging set in,-and
thc matter ejected-from-"the. stomach"
lias; a "bilious" appearance; the"' child
rapidly losses flesh and���issbon. rcduc:
,c'd;'td.7 great lahgour' and prostration
which in a' great many .-cas^s "tcrmin--
atcs fatally. ' ,;- - "", .-���','-,������
To "quickly offset the vomiting- jmrg--
ing and "diarrhoea.-
DR, FOWLER'S
EXTRACT OF .
WILD STRAWBERRY
should be.-administered.
' Mrs. Charles -. Kretlpw, Wideview,
Sask., writes:���"I have used Dr; Fowler's. Extract of Wild Strawberry for
summer complaint. _��� I .-think- if'saved
my; little ��� girl's, .life-;one time; ��.s she
"was,'-so-bad--I.-!.'thbught.'shc- was going
To..die,i,.'.,VAJ;fricnd adyised-.riie about
'.'Dr. -Fowler's".'-'; so..I."got;a- bottle arid
:it7h��lpe(ljhje r;?riglit>a^^''S7s^7^S^
;~7^<^.tg$n4^ g;fcr^
ItSesfifettUi^
7ai|j$ttlexipffi^
phasized frequently" that. British' Col-
'.umbia-was the .'prbviricc of his'birth.
-Edmonton'Journal.'"     '..:-.,    V
^aiJn![|IHlll!l!l!l!Hi!!!)liil!lilJi3!!l!!iIli[!!i!llllii![a!!i[ii:!li!!l!HIIIIIII��[illl!lSIIUiUi^
S You Can Prevent 40 % :     I
| V     Annual Depreciation in Your Car, |
Truck or. Tractor ''.~':'[ /.- I-'
:'- by.'using.a lubricant that, will stop friction which is the great foe; to   S'
-gear,life.     Go into any repair shop and see the number of. cars being   E
overhauled because some owners tlijnk'that all lubricants are equally - S
good:"-- '"""Repair men will tell you that' half of thcir business results ~-j5-
' from imperfect lubrication. .      -..   --'5'
Whitmore's Gear Compositions |
are not affected by changes of temper-. S
- aturc. '' They are actively fluid in the;'���'
.'colder weather, and in, extreme heat *s
- and- at ^ligh , speeds, thcy Constantly   s
- preserve an indestru'ctablc film on the'   S
- bearings,-preventing-contact of-metal   s'
.'ttT-inctal."-' Vr-',7. '-. <-       :���;'������   '--5
7. English .Company For...Canada.-
.It. is? understood   that'.an '-English ! 5".
electric'1 company,/'one of the largest | E;
manufacturers "of .electrical equipment I �����""_
in the British empire', is extending-its j'-s
operations oh a large scale into Canr ; ���-
ada.     Sveral prominent men,.both in ; _;
Canada and Great Britain, arc asso-j~.
ciated in tlie enterprise.
*M��
#5��
��
Anxious to Suit.
"Bridget," said;her mistress to the j E
new-help, "we always 'want our meals
promptly, pn,' .tlie-' lhour���".;:-7'".'"-': ���'���..' V X:''
��� "Yes, -rnum,".' returned Bridget. "An'
if-I miss.the first hour- shall, L-waif
'fpr.;iih,e^next?"^Bp^^^
WHITMORE'S do not evaporate un-
-.. ..der'extremc heat, the level is-not-re-''
','duced.    'Run. k  through.-a   strainer-
.,, and put it back, in your car, truck or."
���-.'tractor.;," You can. use  it 'over and.
over again.     One installation will last
:. eighteen,   .to    -twenty-four.'.'.months,
'where there is'rio- leakage.      Corisid-
��� ere.d,,on a mileage basis no lubricant'
is-: -so . economical ,.as    Whitmore's.
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COST. #ESS PER POUND-rTHEY COST MORE PER MILE.
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Cleveland, Ohio.
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THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD,     B.     C
London.���"If thc alliance with Japan could bc merged into a greater
understanding with Japan and the
United States on all the problcmsV>f
thc Pacific, that would be a great
event and it would be a guarantee for
thc peace of thc world." Thus spake
David Lloyd Gcorg'e, the British
prime minister before thc House of
Commons today before outlining thc
work of the-recent conference of thc
imperial premiers.
The^ Premier was dealing specifically with thc Anglo-Japanese alliance
at thc time and explaining how thc
conference had unanimously recognized that Japan loyally had carried out
Uicr obligations to Great Britain, during thc war in letter and spirit. He
saw no reason wjiy it should bc impossible to remember obligations to
Japan and at thc same time preserve
a spirit of fraternity with thc United
States.
The Premier defended thc action
of General Smuts, the South African
premier, with regard to Ireland. He
said General Smuts had acted perfectly straightforward and honoiably,
and that everything hc had done was
done with thc full assent of the King
and  ministry.
"When you come to thc question of
renewal of the Anglo-Japanese alliance," said Mr. Lloyd George, "you
must take into account how it' has
operated. There was a-real test in
the late war. No man who watched
what happened-- could come t'o any
other conclusion than thatj it .'was
loyally and faithfully interpreted arid
carried out by our Japanese ally. The
Pacific was being raided- by fast
German cruisers; our ships were being sunk. Wc had to depend on thc
help of Australia and New Zealand."
The Premier proceeded to describe
how Great Britain's immense fleet
was strained to the very last ship,
new and old, in the gigantic operations of -protecting Great Britain's
own shores in. the North Sea, the
North Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
"In the immense Pacific Ocean and
in the Southern Atlantic," Mr. Lloyd
George continued, "how were   we .to
guarantee a half million colonial and
a million Indian troops crossing
millions of miles of sea against the
raiders? We could not have done it
but for they fact that -our Japanese
ally came to our aid. The Australian and New Zealand premiers admitted it. They said: 'We would
not'-have sent out our troops without
thc guarantee.' And at thc beginning of thc war wc certainly could
nofhavc given thc guarantee but for
the fact that thc Japanese fleet came
there .to assist us in chasing thc
raiders.
"It was invaluable to us; it was one
of thc turning factors in thc war.
Thcy loyally and faithfully to thc
letter carried out their obligations
and carried them out in thc spirit.
Is it to bc suggested that wc now
turn around and say to them 'thank
you. You stood by us in trouble,
but wc don't need you any longer,
so goodby?' Would anybody'behave
like that in business? The British
'Empire must- behave like gentlemen.
When you are dealing with a country
that stdod well by you in trouble,
and it is suggested that you should
bring thc alliance to an end when
the trouble is over, I say that would
not be becoming to thc British Empire."
"'I do not belicveJhcrc is a country
in the world, "whether it, likes thc
Japanese alliance or not, that would
think anything better of thc British
if we had broken off thc alliance.
They* might appear glad for thc
moment, but \ in their hearts they
would despise usj" That does not
mean that we are to continue an
alliance of any kind on-any point
against anyone else, and certainly
not against the United States. It is
a cardinal principle bf British-policy,
and it must bc, that wc should act in
as" complete accord with thc United
States as any two countries can. I
do nob know of any country in thc
world with which it is more important that wc should act in concert than
with the United States. But I do
not see why it is impossible to remember' our obligations to Japan and
at thc same time present a-spirft of
fraternity with the United States.
Unemployment Insurance
Vancouver.���-Unemployment insurance in the future was forecasted by Hon. J. W. de B. Farris,
attorney-general, at a meeting
here between the Government
representatives of workers generally and returned soldiers. Some
insurance system, he said, was
bound to develop in Canada because of the experience the country is^now passing through.
Plate Developed In Air
Photograph Ready For Printing
When Plane Descended.
Washington.���A successful experiment in photography from the air,
which is regarded by aviation officials
as possessing possibilities of high
military value, has just been,conducted by thc army air service. A photographer flew from Boiling Field to
Camp-Mcadc, and returned a few minutes later with a plate already developed showing clearly the parade of
students attending the citizens' training course there. Thc plate was developed in thc air and ready for printing when thc plane returned to the
field.      ,
SIR ERNEST POLLOCK COMMENTS ON
JUSTICE OF WAR CRIMINAL TRIALS
London.���In thc H^use -of Commons, Horatio Bottomlcy, Independent M.P. for Hackney, again raised
the question of thc trials recently of
the war criminal in Germany. He
declared that Holland should bc called upon lo'surrendcr the Kaiser, and
if this demand-was refused arid the
British Government found itself unable to deal with the matter effectively, the Government should make .way
"for men of -sterner stuff."
Sir Ernest Pollock, solicitor general,
in replying, reviewed the trials at
Leipzig and said that the punishment
real truth. The solicitor general
pointed out that the Italian cases
against the Germans had not yet been
heard. v It had already been decided
that when these cases were dealt with
thc lawyers,of France, Belgium, Italy
and"Britain should get together to.de-
cide the truc view to bc taken of thc
trials.
Thc solicitor general said it should
bc remembered that tli�� Leipzig trials
were the first occasion in thc history
of the world that'a vanquished country had been forced to try thcir own
criminals. Thcy had already found,
some of thcir own fellow-countrvmen
imposed on the convicted German of-   guilty   of   atrocities   and   had   passed
fiecrs must bc judged by German
standards. He admitted that the sentence on Mueller.was quite inadequate, but he maintained that the
. manner. whercm_thc__ca_scs_wcre_coii-
ducted by the German authorities indicated a sincere desire to get at the
sentences which carried   a   stigma   in
their own country.        '
From    the    standpoint of international  justice,   said "Sir  Ernest,   that
was _no mean   -jic_hic__c_Jlcnt__an_d_it
markefl    a    new . milestone    in    thc
course of international justice;
Relief For Farmers
Expected That There Will Bc Lowering of Freight Rates in Time for
Moving Crop. '
Ottawa.���An    early   move    toward
lowering of freight rates on Canadian
raihva
recen
stood that a conference of thc railway )Gf United Veterans "and three clerks
executives with the Board of Railway'
Toronto Veterans
. , Out Of Employment
Most of Them Express Willingness
. To Do Anything.
Toronto.���Over seven hundred un-
ways is expected as  the, resulf of   employed returned men registered at
cut   developments.      It   is   under-   thc headquarters of the Grand Army
Commissioners will take place in thc
very near future, when a decision as
io thc amount and date of reduction
will bc reached. -That thcic wilfbc
a reduction is certain, thc only,ques
tion at issue being tlie amount of the
reduction and the date on which it
will become effective. It is now expected that whatever reduction is ordered will bc brought into effect some
time next month.
In a recent letter to the Montreal
Board of Trade, thc chief commissioner of thc railway boa.d, Hon; F. B.
- Carvel 1, said that, in his opinion the
time for the'lowering of freight rates
had come with the lowering of railway wages. Subsequently Mr. Car-
veil intimated, that he expected the
reduction would take place in time to
affect the movement of grain from
Western "Canada.
When thc question of a hearing or
scries of public hearings was raised,
it was intimated that the board had
already full information before-it as
to thc factors which had contributed
toward making last' year's rate increase necessary. - With, these and
thc month operating reports from
the railways already in ��� hand there
was not felt to be any need of holding    public    sittings     to
[were  kept   busy "issuing   registration
pace m tncj cards tQ thc mci)( aH of   whom    p-x_
pressed thcir willingness to "do anything." '
Secretary J. F. Marsh, of the United Veterans, said that arrangements
had been made with Provincial Government ,and thc city authorities to
submit thc most urgent cases to them
at" once.
Aviators In Demand
Are Offered Big Wages to Serve With
-    Moorish Army.
Tangier, Morotco.��� European aviators with experience in the late war,
according to advices received here,
are being offered 45,000 francs monthly to serve with thc Moorish army in
the Mclilia region.
These advices say- that 100,000,003
pesetas is considered a iqw estimate
of thc losses to Spanish, Allied and
neutral firms,through thc devastation
caused by the fighting around Mclilla.
Man Killed In Thresher.
Winnipeg.���While endeavoring to
replace thc belting on a threshing machine, Mike Wok, 27, reeve cf the
determine ' municipality"* oi. Birch River, on. the
whether or not tlrere should now be j Greater Winnipeg Waterline, ira.- in-
��� decrease. . .   i ��tantlv killed when hi* arm cni-cat ir.
^Passing of Peter of Serbia
Former King of Serbia and Idol of
' Country Dies.
Belgrade,- Jugo Slavia.���Former
King Peter of Serbia is dead. He
was 76 years old, white haired, deaf,
ill from the infir.mitics of age and suffering from the wounds of three or
more wa��,s, relinquished the cares of
state in 1919 when his second son,
Crown Prince Alexander, succeeded
him and became the ruler of the new
state of Jugo Slavia. He then declared: ,
"My beloved Serbia is now free and
its future, I believe, will be a great
one. My work is over. I desire
only thc continued affection and devotion of my dear people, and, finally,
a grave on Serbian soil." .    *
Small Fire Loss   \
In West Kootenay
Less This Season Than For Any In
Recent Years.
Nelson, B.C.���Thc 'fire situation in
the West Kootenay district is astonishingly good, considering that thc
'greater part of this territory has been
over six weeks without rain. Thc
Salmon Valley which has been the
chief fire area this season, is now
clear, except for the fire on Sheep
Creek along the summit, which is doing no damage. There has been
practically less fire los* this season
so far than for any season in recent
years.
Seamen Sent To Prison
Men  of  Canadian Merchant Marine
Refused to Obey Commands.
i Vancouver;���Seven seamen arrested
on charges of refusing to obey commands on the Canadian -Merchant
Marine steamship Canadian Observer,
have been sentenced to -six weeks'
imprisonment. -The men in thcir defence claimed that the ship was in
such a filthy condition and the food
so poor that they did not wish to continue on the vessel and denaanded
iReir  discharge.
Award Contract For -Montreal Hotel
Montreal.���The contract has becn
awarded for the new $9,0_00,000_hotel
on the site of the old-high school by
thc directors of thc Mount Royal
Hotel Company to 'the Thompson,
Starrett Company of New York, who
guarantee the completion of the
building ready for occupation by October-1, 1922. Under the terms of
thc contract, Canadian materials arc
to be given preference in so far as considerations of pricc^and quality will
permit. '       - ���
China Accepts.
Pekin.���China_ has formally replied
with a cordial acceptance  to the  invitation to attend thc Washington disarmament and far cas'tcrn conference.
WESTERN EDITORS
A.   Drew,   Publisher   of   The   Echo,
' Dominion City, Man.
Send Loyal Message
Halifax, N.S.���"The Acadian
people assembled in solemn national congress with representatives from all parts of Canada, beg
you to convey to His Majesty,
King George V., their sentiments
of loyalty to him and their appreciation of your appointment as
viceroy to his greatest common-
* wealth." This message was
adopted at Church Point by an assembly of over 2,000 Acadians,
and was sent to Baron Byng, governor-general of Canada.
British Living
Costs Have Increased
West Needs More Farmers
Little Growth in the Rural Population
of the West.
As the United States becomes increasingly dependent on imported
foods the demand on Canadian farmers will grow more serious. Fordney
Tariffs may come and Fordney Tariffs
may go but the American food supply
will, for many decades, havc to bc
drawn from us.
Yet we find little growth in rural
population in our west. Taking Canada as a whole wc have not many
more farmers .today than we had five
years' ago. The demand for food
rises "and our ability to supply it falls.
Already the cost of living tends to
bc higher in Canada than in the United States by a few ecu Is per week per
family. The explanation lies in the,
fact'that our remaining food growers
get American dollars instead of Canadian dollars for their goods. It pays
them to ship south whether our0cities
arc fed or riot, and no one can deny
thcir right to*do so.
But what is essential, both from the
food growers and the food consumers
standpoint is this: Wc MUST increase the number of Canadian farmers and thc acreage' of their farms.
It means more food production to
stabilize prices for the'consumer. It
means more population to share with
the present producers the high cost
of taxes, railway service, government,
etc.T
For both consumer and producer's
sake Canada requires more farming
population. To get that wc must
start to bring in more immigrants-
new���today���at once.
Farm Produce Is Very High Owing
To Drought-
London.���The Labor Gazette indicates that the cost of'-living in England, based on comparisons of the
figures of last month with those of
other months and other years is on
thc upgrade. There was an average
level of 122 per cent, above pre-war
prices during July. In -June, the
average was 119 above pre-war prices.
The increase is due chiefly to increased cost of farm produce consequent upon the drought. Rents havc
increased in conformity with the
Rents Acts. Thc prices of meat and
clothing havc generally decreased.
fforts Are
Cope With Famine
Raging In Russia
Says British Coal Strike
Leaders Lacked in Vision
la
London.���Herbert Smith, acting
president of thc Miner's Federation,
said some frank things at thc annual
meeting of the federation at Llandudno, concerning thc blunders made
in the recent coal strike.       *
Owing to the' economic position of
thc coal trade during the war, he
said, "the sense of the power and
importance developed in the minds
of workmen had not been altogether
healthy, and gave many men an
exaggerated opinion of their power."
Alluding to thc Government's sudden decontrol of thc mining industry,j
London.���Famine is still ravaging
the Volga districts -of Russia, but
there is a decrease in the cholera epi- /
i demic there, says the Moscow corres-
! pondent of the Daily Herald. Dur-..
ing July, 22,000 cases wcrc reported
as against 42,000 in June.
Some of the efforts of the Russian
Soviet Government to cope with the
famine  are detailed by    the    corrcs-    ,.
pondent.    Hc says thc Central Soviet
executive   has   appropriated   520,000,-
000 rubles for the initial expenses of
the relief committve    and    has   also   '
decided" to levy a tax of one pound per
pood '(36 pounds) on goods traded in'
thc free food markets.
Free transit of relief material is being permitted everywhere  in  Russia.
Riga.���Walter   L.   Brown,   for   the ���
Mr. Smith said this action made it vir-|
tually impossible to proceed with the; Cailea  Stalcs-  n:ld  Maxlm  Litvinoff,
negotiations  then  under  way for an i for Sov,ct Rl,ssia* a8rccd to siSn thc-
cquitablc   distribution   of  wages  and
profits.      Thc   Government,   for   this,
act, if no other, said Mr Smith, should I tcrms    granting    the
cease to hold office.
detailed  contracts for U.S.  relief for
thc Russian  famine stricken area on
Americans  e.\-
i treme freedom of movement and ab-
Britain Serves Notice
Recognizes U.S. Jurisdiction Only In
'Three-Mile Limit.'
Canada Will
Represent Dominions
/ ���
Other Premiers Not Able to  go  to
Washington. -N
London|���Premier Masscy of New!
Zealand, in an interview here, states I are   1,ow   SCul
that he fears that it will be in*practic-| m*ny mincs*"   -    '
able under any circumstances for him      ^'"d'l'ff  to  aspersions
/ i   1
"The  federation  leaders, however,"; so!ute    frecd��i��    of   movement   and
continued  Mr.  Smith, "larked  vision; c����trol of the food distribution.
and    enterprise    :n   their  subsequent>     At the same timc Russia's right is
action.   "It was a  wrong policy  fori admilted t0 exPcl on Sood   Proof   of
the    districts    not    io havc  concen-i ""desirability   any   member   of    the
tratcd on thc wage question upon I
which they had public, support. It
was a wrong decision to fight the
-pool issue. The withdrawal of
'safety men' from the mines was another piistake and the consequences
in the brcakdowr  of
U.S:   Relief  administration   organization.
upon    the
to attend  the    disarmament    confer--\ ,'oyaIty    of    federation   officials," Mr.
Smith said they wcrc too loval to thc
ences  at   Washington   owing   to   thej
necessity of him attending the forth-| s0_callcd maJonty rule; too,loyal to
coming session of the New Zealand thel-c colleagues while swallowing
Parliament.      He    believes    Premier I thcir    evictions    and  better "judg-
PVcmier
their.
their
Smuts  of South Africa  and   Premier. racnt *><-���sc 'thcy   were out-voted
Hughes    of    Australia  arc  similarly   by t,ie usual narrow majority vote.
situated, and it is therefore probable
that Canada will be the only  one of Italy Wants  Trfldr*
the overseas Dominiojis which could J
conveniently s'end a representative to ��� With  jOUtll  RllSSia
Washington next XovcniliT. | -s 	
Premier Masscy added he was fully 'RuSs!an Delegates Must Abstain From
mfident thc ant.sh delation v odd , Propaganda Attempt.
adequately represent thc interests of j
all  the overseas Dominions.
Good Crops At Saskatoon
Forty and Forty-Five Bufchels to the
Acre Will Be Common. , ���
Saskatoon.���About forty per cent,
of the wheat in thc Saskatoon district
Las been cut with( idea! harvest
weather pievaiiinir. In this district
crops of forty ��and forty-five bushels |
to the acre will be common, while
the genera] average will probably exceed 25 bushels.     The northern dis-
Rome.���Negotiations for an econ-
i omic agreement with the Russian Soviet delegation here, the Messagcro
! say, havc almost been completed.
Thc agreement, which is to be signed
in tlie near future, contains fouri
points, the newspaper asserts, as follows:
1.  A   mutual  undertaking   to   open
negotiations immediately for an economic   agreement  of  the   widest  kind
between the two countries.
7?  Russia is to afford Italy Uie same
as   those
j facilities    and   advantages
I granted other countries.
j    3   Russia is to give equitable con-
Washington.���Formal notice that-it | Diets of thc province and trie conn- > side-ration to Italian claims for cred
cannot  recognize  jurisdiction^ of  thc | try easi of Saskatoon will return sim-
United.States over the high seas beyond the three-mile limit"fixed by international  law  for many yeais has
becn  served  by  thc  British  Government in connection with  the  seizure
12 miles off thc Long Island coast"of
the British schooner Marshall reported to havc been laden with Kquo-.
. It   is   expected,   however, that the
British authorities will await thc out-
ilar yields. West of Saskatoon the
crop is somewhat spotty but many of
the farmers report an estimated yield
of 35 or upward.
The Early Harvest.
Brandon.���Harvest operations in
this district are nearly two weeks
earlier than last year. The first
wheat was brought in to a local mill
come of court proceedings and final j August 24, 1920, while this year the
establishment of-the vessel's registry i first wheat was brought to the mill
before any further diplomatic step is | August 12. Most of thc wheat cut-
takcm It has been deemed necessary [ ting U_finishc_d and a good quantity
ho\vcver," to'givc notice in advance" that j 0f threshing has been done'. Some
Great Britain cannot acquiesce in ex- coarsc grains have also becn ^rut.
tension-of American jurisdiction, over
the high seas beyong thc usual limit.
its with regard to Russia.
'4.    An    undertaking by the Soviet
Government    that    its    delegates    in
Italy will abstain from any attempt
at propaganda in the kingdom.
Streams High In North
Canada Represented at Geneva.
Ottawa.���Right Hon. C. J. Doherty,
minister of Justice, and Sir George
II. Pcrlcy, Canadian high., commissioner in London, will represent Canada at-the meetings of the League of
Nations in Geneva. Thcy sailed on
the Empress of Britain, Aug. 20,
It is considered likely that'Hon.
I Inch Guthrie, minister of militia,
will be actincr minister of justice
during,the absence of .Mr. Doherty.
Destroyed By Flood.
Lascrugc, New Mexico.���Thc town
of Hatch, X.M., and the village of
Santa Teresa, were destroyed by a
flood, following a cloudburst. The
500 residents  escaped to the hills in
Travellers Use Canoe Over Former
Dry Land.
Prince Albert, Sask.���J. J. Barker,
district manager for the Hudson's Bay
Company heic, who has returned from
a three" thousand mile "trip-through
the northern area, states that rthe
waters of the Churchill and .other
northern streams, are so high that his
party was able to cross Frog Portage,
thc height of land which separates the
Churchill River from Burnt Woody
or Woody Lake by canoe. Historical
legend says that forty years ago this
isthmus  was a  strait  but  since  that
On
their nightcloth.es.        There  was  no (
lo<=* of life icported. Thc whole dis-j timc 1las actcd ^ a water shod
trict is covered    by *cvcn    feet    ofVh<* Reindeer River, thc waters were
water.
Spend your money at home, tlicrc-
by helping your own town and local
merchants.
Warning For Irish Exbremists
Who Oppose Britain's Offer
London.���London newspapers even
those that have most warmly supported Irish aspirations views with considerable regret the statements made
by Eamonn dc Valera at thc recent
meeting of the Irish_ republican parliament. There was however' reluctance to regard his speech as expressing Ireland's last word and some edi- '
torials declared confidently that if the -
issue was placed before the Irish people. tlve British tcrms of settlement
would bc accepted. Assertions were
made on the strength- of Dublin advices that the Irish having tasted
peace since the establishment of the
truce would never consent to a return ,
to hostilities and that indeed few
Irishmen believed there was any pro-
bability���of a'resumption ofswarfarc.
Thc "Daily Mail said the Catholic
clergy of Ireland were using their
utmost influence in favor of acceptance and it Expressed belief that the
"'vast proportion" of thc members or
thc Dail Eireann wcrc determined to -
accept the British terms.
The London Times took occasion to
warn thc extremists who opposed
acceptance that Great Britain's mind
is finally made up and nothing can,
shake its determination noi to > ield
upon the cardinal ' point upon the
maintenance of a union betwce-.i
Great Britain and Ireland.   -
Considerable prominence was given
extracts from editorials appearing in
United States newspapers most of
them I'arncstly advising thc Irish not
to reject thc Government's offer. The
Daily """Telegraph commenting'upon
these'editorials said:
"Americans arc deeply impressed
with 'the dramatic tone of thc British
Government in thc pursuit of peace.
They perceive if some Irishmen do
not, what an immense moral sacrifice "
the Government has made rather than
sec the ruin of Ireland consummated,
and they that somc yielding should
be apparent on the,other side." <
i so   high   as    to havc completely ob-
| spired  the rapids.      Everywhere  the
| natives'were found in    good    health
jwitli   excellent  prospects   for  a goodi
catch of fur.      l:ox and lynx appear
o be on the increase,'
Sleeping In?
:jthe bc't..ind IsU    b}d;>     v.a:
Kill Two In Collision
Imperial Wireless Chain
First Messages Between England and
Canada- by all British Service.
Ottawa.���Messages have been exchanged between Lcafieid wireless
station, near London, and Harrington,
stalon, N.S.,- it is announced by the
Department of Naval Service?. The
stations are 3.000 miles apart and the
Lcafieid station is the first one of* thc
imperial" wireless chain which is to
establish communication between all
the British possession. The Lcafieid
station    comnntnic.itcs    with    Poison
Driver of Gasoline  Speeder  Dies of, arcs\ of 250-kilowatt capacity.
. Injuries.
Edmonton, Alta.���Two men are
dead and two others are suffering
from injuries received when a gasoline speeder aud a handcar collided
near thc Edmonton, Dunvcgan and tablMicd later on,
British Columbia Railway yards here.
Sam Kushuk, who was alone on the
handcar, and Thomas Kalpcr, driver
of the speeder, dicel of injuries. William Irwin, local president of the
G.W.V.A, and Steve Pallow, of
Fedora. Aita., arc injured men.
The chain will later ou be extended*
to South Africa and through India to
Australia.      Communication    between
Great  Britain and  Canada, and Canada to Australia, will probably be es-
Arrange Stale Loans.
London.���A Rcuter cable from Sydney, N.S.W.,-reports that the Stale
Premier, Hon. John Storey, when in
London recently, arranged for state
loans of six million five hundred
thousand pounds sterling each year
for three years, at an interest of h-/i
r'rr'.i
W.   N> U.   13S2T
i around  tlie pulley
Whin he wakes up and goes to work heu laugh at the kichtmare
. Reduce Pay of British Workers.
London.���It is officially announced
by thc Ministry of Labor that during
July the-wages of 3.600,000 workers
wi.-c reduced, whi'c about 5,000 recti', ��� <l increase*, making a net rcduc-
tioi ip. fu*l time w?gc* of about ��1,-
Or'.'.U'JO net wjcLIv,
Bandits  Escape  With  Pay  Roll.
San Francisco.���Three bandits held
up- Waiter Mayers and George Bc-
ban, paymasters, 'and escaped in an
automobile with ��9,000, ,thc pa>roll
of thc American Oil Company, which
thcy were transporting fiom a bank
to thc factory here. Thc rc-bbery
occurrcd on a busy street in the Mission district   -
Will Visit Vancouver Next Year.
Vancouver.���Lord Bj-ng, governor-
general of Canada, will not visit British Columbia coa=t cities this year,
according to a message 'received by
thc board of tiadc from His Excellency in reply to a message bf greeting from the local body. Lord Byng-
said that it wouM be impossible to*
\isit Vancouver before next year.
livery  dollar   spent  in   your  hom4
town is a boost for thc community. THE LEDGE
Is $2.50 a year strictly in advance, or $3
when not paid for three months or more
have passed. To Great Britain and the
United States $3.,"always in advance,
G. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
CCHE   LEDGE,   GBEENWOOD, -BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices    7.00
Betray Notices '. 3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement....  12,50
(Where] more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal 'advartlsing, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals i2j_c. a line each insertion.
The Home Circle
  \
If a mother is in the habit, in her^coinnion conversation,
of coloring facts, of exaggerating what she hears and relates, can she expect her children to grow up with a love
and reverence for the truth?
Parental dignity and authority may be asserted with
the utmost firmness, and yet without coarseness or arrogance. In fact it cannot be well asserted in an other
war. A rude father or mother is likely to have rude sons
and daughters.
Send Your
BOOTS  and  SHOES
To   . -
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work auel material guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way.   -Terms Cash.
DR. J. M, BURNETT
Physician and Surgeon
Hospital Phone 90.   Residence Phone 69
GREENWOOD, B.C.
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to have more money.
Some people think they can Bave
money by not advertising.
No attention is paid to a chronic
liar when he utterB an occasional
truth.
A man may return to dust, but
he'd better not do it around tbe
house.
There are always two sideB to
every question. The wrong side
and ours.
Women who wear furs when its
90 in the shade have not sense
enough to vote.
He who talks without thinking
runs more risk than he who thinks
without talking.
When a man tells the "missus."
he was a fool when he married her,
that makes it unanimous.
Practically everyone in Canada is in favor of reduction in
wages���for everybody else.
Where is the stream of life so dark and unproportious
that the sunshine of a happy face falling on the turbid
tide will not waken an answering gleam? _ Why, these
joyful, good-tempered people don't know half the good
they do.
There is sweet music in every home where the heart
strings are touched by gentleness and courtesy. The
mild word, the gentle answer, the tender act, the patient
consideration, will touch chords of kindness and make
sweet melody in the family as everywhere. A desolate,
dreary place is a home devoid of those little courtesies
which are practiced in the best social life.
Kindness makes sunshine wherever it goes; it is the
real law of life; the link, that connects earth with heaven.
Would you live in the remembrance of others after you
are gone? Write your name on the tablets of their hearts
by acts of kindness and love. The noblest revenge we can
make upon our enemies is to do them a kindness.
ASSAYER
E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Chemist, Box biio8, Nelson, B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
$1.25 each. Gold-Silver $1.75. Gold-
Silver with Copper or Lead $3 00. Silver-Lead $2.00.' Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
Charges for other metals, etc., on application.
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
T.    THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED! ^
TAILOR - GREENWOOD
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
There is no surer safeguard against the temptations
that come to young men arid women than a love for home,
It has brought back and held, many a wanderer in a safe
place. It is something not only to love home but to know
that you love it���and to know that you are happier at
home than in any other spot on eartte.
them in the interest of forest protection. To leave the camp fit e
burning has been shown over and
over again to have vicious possibilities. The value of the forest
resources is such that not an acre"
of timber can be burned without
the people as a whole paying a
seriouB penalty.
Mining Personals
P. B. Freeland, of Grand Forks,
district mining engineer, examined
the Surprise No. 3 and other properties iu this section this week. ���
Women shall be ineligible to
vote who wear low necks and high
skirts when its 25 below zero.
Merchant near Winnipeg, named
Hornet was robbed of $1700. Not
often we hear of a hornet being
stung. '
Fashicn note from Paris says
that red and brown shades will be
good this fall. Pleased to hear it.
The browns, at any rate are not
likely to get noisy, though the
Beds are always under suspicion.
A new dance known as . the
"walkaway fox trot,", is to. be introduced this fall. It goes like
this: Walk "sis steps and stop on
seven; walk . four, stepa and. do a
double stop step; 'walk four \steps.
two step .'once,, do a .paddle tarn
and finish,.with, two back Blidee.
There!, Now you know; as much:
about, it - as we ..do���which . isn't
saying much."'/'������      -     .... Vv.
Careless Fishermen Mayv
r';.-\-;:;^'--,/Cpmpel\Drastic;"Laws
V Serious  Consideration, is   being
- given by.the .administrators ,of the
forest,   resources- - ia   the . various
,.provinces!to a, scheme, for curbing
:the. gross carelessness, of .camping
parties-in needlessly, starting forjest
��� "���'- fires; .The >job   of  extinguishing
timber    conflagrations     resulting
���"��� from the fires set by campers and
cigarette smokers has caused, the
'public treasuries snch   a   sum qf
'������"���--.money that some means of curbing
. the evil will have to be devised.
'"���-..���'Already tbe province   of   New
V. Brunswick is considering, the class-
:': ificafeion of it& woodland area with
-a view to prohibiting the entry of
.fisb(ermen,,;and . others ".who  may
empioy;.camp^firea or drop.flighted
. Sobaccoandmatches.;V-:Sapfi;-i'.Te*g-.
���-���"-* niationmighi work a ;hardship, pn
������.������;many-  sportemsn,. but as'a class
V .Gshermen,,Vhuhters (and^campers
generally would :have paly themselves to, thank jfar whatever-1 penv
.������altiee:: mighl- ..be.; .imposed ������.-^opon J
Peanuts
Nearly all the young people of
this generation have a passion
for peanuts and they think it
right at all times lo gratify this
passion. It costs every community a great deal of money each
year to buy peanuts^for its young
folks. These nuts have fattening properties aud are valuable
as food, but they are too expensive. They are not, grown in
this country, but import them
from" the United States, and
thereby increase the rate of exchange. In some ill-mannered
neighborhoods these nuts are
eaten- in -the - parlors,- and the
shells scattered over the rugs and1,
floors.. People .of this district
know better th an to do this: crude
thing, but insteadV scatter' the
shells . over  ; the   sidewalks- and
leave them on the., floors of halls,
and. theatres;-V  V.       '. ;"../"
Bruce Ritchie, field supervisor
for the Consolidated - Mining &
Smelting Co., of Trail, is inspect-
some raining property in thiB
district. '  ,
IN  THE  MATTER Of the   Estate Of
.ROBERT THORNTON LOWERY.
.'���-"-..���--.-���- ���->:'���'��� Deceased ������'--.-X��� XX ���   x
Geo. Boag returned on Friday
evening from Lightning Peak,
Geo. made the trip on horseback
coming via the Main Kettle river.
J, P. MORGAN
Dealer in  Second-haufl Furniture
and Clothes, Metals, Sacks,
Horses, Cattle,  Etc.
BAKER STREET,
NELSON
TREMONT HOTEL
NELSON, B.C.
Nicely famished rooms, by the
day, week or mouth
JOHN GRASSICK
Watchmaker and Jeweler
GRAND FORKS
Mail your watch for Repair and I will
mail it back.   Charges are moderate.
C. V.  MEGGITT
GRAND FORKS. B.C.
Dealer iu Farm Produce, Railroad Ties,
Cedar Poles, and Fence Posts, Farm and
Fruit Lands For Sale. List your lands
with me,   Have a buyer for good ranch
F. Nilson
Proprietor
NEW  GRAND   HOTEL
616 Vernon St.. Nelson       _
Brick building aud finely furnished'rooms
JOHN BLOMBERG    -   - Proprietor
A. H1GGINB0THAM
(Expert Optician)
GRADUATE '.':..
OPTICIAN AND OPTOMETRIST
K. W. C Block        -      -     Nelson
G. A. Rendell came in from
Penticton on. Saturday and left on
Wednesday afternoon to look after
his claims at Lightning Peak before returning to Penticton.
MINERAL ACT
(1TORM.F)
Certificate of Improvements.
'    -.      NOTICE  '
"WATERLOO No. 3*' Mineral Claims situate
in the Greenwood Milling Divisiou of Yale
District.
Where located: In Lightning Peak Camp.
TAKE NOTICE that I,-Isaac H. Hallett,Solicitor, as Agent lor Charles Morgan-Kingston,
Free Miner's Certificate No. 29153C, and Francis
Edward Rendell, Free Miner's Certificate No.
332S5C, intend, sixty days from the date hereof,
to apply to the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of
obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claim.
And further take notice that action, under
Section 85, must he commenced before the
issue of such Certificate of Improvements.
Dated this 22nd dav of July, A. D. 1921.
I. H. HALLETT.
LAND ACT
Notice or Intention to Ap.Iy to Purchase Land
In Fairview Land District, Recording Dis-
��� trict of Slmilkanicen and situate about 7
miles West of Midway, B.C., and'one mile
North of Meyers Creek.
TAKE NOTICE that Frank Roberts, of
KctUe Valley. 15.C, occupation farmer imends
to apply for permission to purchase the following described lauds: Commencing at a post
planted at the youth East corner post of Lot
SOls, thence IVim "0 chains, thence South 40
chains, thence East 70 chains, thence North 40
cliains to pointof commencement and containing 240 acies more or le��.s.
Dated July 20iii, 1921.
FRANK ROBERTS.
PALACE AUTO LIVERY AND STAGE
V V     'W. IL DOCKSTEADER. PROP.
Auto Stage, twice daily to Midway  meeting Spokane, Grand
-���'���-:��� -:���-/; Forks1 and Nelson "train," leaving /Greenwood at 8 a.lh". """./
Fot Oroville, Wenatchee and Princeton leaves Green wood, 3 p.m.
.; Fare $1.50 Each Way... HandVBaggage7 Free.  '.-Trunks'Carried.
Express and Heavy Draying.        -   ,     Auto'Vfor hire^Day or Night
.  ��� .     .;  VPe carry Tires, Oils,'..Greases',' Hay and Graiir
'������^Office PhoneU. ���/ V .,' !        Residence Phone3 L
All jwrsons-liaviiig.aiiy claims or demands
against Robert Thornton Lowi-ry. late of Greene"
wood, B.C.. Publisher, who died on the 20tliday i
of May. 1921", are. required to send by. post prepaid, or deliver to- Walter .Robert Dewtliiejv
'('rceriwood', ll.p., the Kxi'Ciilnr bf the last Will
aiid ^Testament -or said -Kiiln-ri-. Thornton
L'iwery. J)��'ceased, fiill' particular* of their
claims, and the natnre-Aif tin; Vi'ciiritii's _if any)
held,by tliem.' And notice isliereby. given'thal
"after iheSih. day of September,' 1921. .the said
Kxccutorwill 'phi'vcedlo distribute the assets of.
the said Deceased .'.among tlie persons entitled
thereto., having, regard- only- to the .claims of
which he shallhave been given notice. '.',    - '���
" Dated at C.reonwood, U.C., this 26th dav-.'of
July, 1921.'     . ...      .'.'.--*���-���
-  -    '-'."   ��� I.. II. H ALLETT,'.-".-.-. ���.   '
.. Solicitor.for the Executor.
NOTICE-
REGARDING  SfcLIDOUENTS  TAXES
ON  PERSONAL   PROPERTY
AND INCOME
NOTICE is hereby, given that, under
the provisions bf the "Taxation Act,"
.Collectors are empowered to force payment of .all',arrears of taxes due and
outstanding on "Cands, Personal Property,'.and Income by .Tax "Sale,-distress
pr6ceedings,'"pr-b'yr action in-any .Court of
Law; and further take notice.; that; unless
payinent-.is' tnade forthwith "of all snch
delinquent-taxes action/will be. taken/to
collect/same,-together Vitlr interest-', and
costs.;-': XX --"-V"-> '.y���.���'-���.���-''/-VVVV-VVrV'
���;V: ;;,/:-/^v';HVRV.TO^SENpV;VV;
:"7---'.';-V'." V-V'V;.. ~ :/J?ro,rinc��l"Cpllect{ii;.-,.\/
'������'������;'.',- -".:Rosslan"d."Assessinent;"District".|
Green Forests are an investment /which gives big
.v '" returns:    /    .:"/ "���;        '.y^:x.^yy.%
the shareholders Include, directly or indirectly, every
���;""_-.;';  citizen in the Province;: '"v"
Dividends are snared: directly/ br" every individual
who residesJn British Columbia*
Each tree is worthy of preservatiohv and means employment to someone, sooner or later.    ;
No timber substitute has been found, vbut timber
provides substitutes for many articles.r   v
The Lumber trade is called the barometer of British
-, Columbian prosperity. ,
Keep the mark set high; destruction):of the forest:
x'vv-v^eJMoss-teeveryijody;;-vG-v.. \":-"^x^xyx
ires
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Mlnlmum*prlc�� of flrat-cla��8 land
reduced to $S an acr��; second-olaaa to
$2.60 an acre.
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed lands only.
Records will be granted covering- only
land suitable for agricultural pui-poiea
ind which is non-tlmSer land.
Partnership pre-emptions abolished,
but parties of not more than four may
arrange- for adjacent pre-emptions
with Joint residence, but each making *
necessary Improvement* on respective
claims. ^
Prs-emptora must oocupy claims for
nve years and males improvements to
value of |io per a��re. including clearing and cultivation of at least 6 acres,
b*iS*"e receiving Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor In occupation not
less than t years, and has made proportionate Improvements, he may, because of ill-health, or other cause, be
granted Intermediate certificate of improvement and-transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence may be issued, provided appll-
2S8f m*ko Improvements to extent of
MOO per annum and records same eaoh
year. Fallurs to make improvements
or record same will operate as forfeiture.    Title cannot be obtained In
LWyJK1 B J**���. �������<* Improvements
of $10.00 per acre. Including 6 acres
cleared and cultivated, and residence
of at least 1 ysars are required.
Pre-emptor holding Crown grant
may record another pre-emption, IX he
requires land In conjunction with his
^"i without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements-mads
and residence maintained on Crown
granted land. m
Unsurveyed; areas, not exceeding io
��!_������_ ffW^ bs leased as homesTtes:
_>�����"> be obtained after fulfilling rui-
dentlal and Improvement conditions.
For grasin* and Industrial purposes
areas   exoeedlng   UO   acres  may  fct
leased by one person or company.
MUl. faotoir or IndustrlaT sites on
timber land not  exoeedlng   �� acres
SJiL^I!*1^^**' ��m*ltloni Include
-P*y.msnt of stumpags. -
hv ilYf7ili,?t F��*4����*w�� inaccessible
by Je.?.utlnJr roads may be purohased
conditional upon constructionTo? iTroad
to them.   Rebate of one-half of oostof
K. s,otmaird,n' Tf * Puroh"-
PRE.IMPTOR*'     FRIK
y ACT.
The scops of this
QRANTS*.
, The scops of this Jiot la enlaiw^i t*
nolude*iiff psrsoii ftin& and^erv!
Ing wit^li MaJesty'sTrowS?.   92.
Jf a deceased pre-emptor may appw
tor title under this let iswundsS
from for one year from the death rt
Ea^JETS?' M forfa*rt'r�� until oni
fsar after the conclusion of the tru��i
���i conclusion of the present
{-emptlons axe
Provision for return of moneys 'ac-
risi dus ��ntf bssn paid stacs August
riSiSLf^J?0^1*** P*��-��mption��.
._*2_*r_,L?n ,*��rsementa to purchass
���Oi."��UROHA|J|tW^Or XIPIOWN ���
Provision mads - for issuance of
Crown grants \to sub-purchasers of
Crown Lands, acquiring rlghu frsja
- purchasers-who railed"  to   complete
f��"
ms4skr
ntv
QRAZINa ^ _ ���
Oraslng Act, lll��, for sntanaUo
development of livestock IndustwBTO-
vides for graslng distrioU and range
administration under ComraisstoasV
Annual graslng permits issued based
on numbers ranged:���'���"         -
llehed    owners.
form Associations
cuent   Free,
for ssttlsrs.
to ten asM.
ntvent   Stss, or partially ffm,"^Salts
for sstUsrs, campers er tw-wtftics. ^
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited
Offices, Smelting and Refining Department
TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver' Copper and Lead Ores
Producers    of   Gold,    Silver,   Copper,   Bluestone,  Pig  Lead  and Zinc
"TADANAC" BRAND   '
m
il
l!
il
.,11
LEDGE ADS. BRING RESULTS
X4*4��+ I*4*4*4*4*4*4*4*4* 4*4*4*4<:4��4*4��4*4*4*4*4*4*
4��  The only up/to/date Hotel in the-interior,   First-class
tbe fiumc Botcl
4��
4��
4��
sc
*m every respect,
x ��� ���        ������
CENTRALLY LOCATED
4*
  +
Hot and Cold Water; Steam Heat and Telephone in +
4-
4*
+
*
1 'i
\   each room.
ROOMS WITH PRIVATE BATHS.
CUISINE AND SERVICE THE BEST
Ffrst Class lDafe,and Barber Shop
15   SAMPLE ROOMS
Steam Heated; .Electric Lighted.
RATES $1.00 per day aud up; European Plan.
Bus Meets all Trains and Boats.
X<f 4. *!��� 4* 4* 4* ��������4-4*4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* 4..f..f..f..f..|..f..|..|.jc
I For
Job Printing
3.
3
���Economy and Satisfaction 3
combined with Promptness 3
aire the features which go to ��1
make up lhe Service we give %
our customers. Are you 3
one of them? 1
1 WE PRINT
=3
3s
Letterheads, Noteheads,       3
(Ruled or Plain) *- -      S3-
Envelopes, Billheads,  -=l
(All Sizes) ~3
Statements, Business Cards, %
Posters, Dodgers, Etc., Etc. ��
1 The Ledge
B      GREENWOOD
PHONE 29      1
Job Printing Department   ~��
^iuiiuuiuuuiuuiuuiuiiuauuiuuuaiuiiiiaiuiuuuiau^
BRITISH    COLUMBIA
The Mineral Province of Western Canada
TO END OF DECEMBER, 1920
Has produced Minerals valued as follows:   Placer Gold, $75,944,203; Lode
Gold, $102,763,823; Silver, 853,668,284; Lead $46,637,221; Copper,"8161,513,864,-
Zinc, $19,896,466; Coal and Coke, $212,573,492; Bonding Stone, Brick. Cement,
etc.," 832,168,217; MisceilaneoaaMine^^^
-''   Production%o the end ofl9^;8hb^aii
x?j:~yl^$em
r^S^M*!
'-Tha .'Mining^ lAW^|ig^^Vyro^^e/;iir^^
than tho8e;orany oth]er'|^yin|e^ V .
~ Empire;"'VV'V'V -'-'V ?;f.V ���.''"'V- '"���.���''...-���.���' i.iy   .X'-X ���   ?-'y-X ���
V; Mineral locaiSoaB are granted to discovered for noiniiial-feeB..-' -..;
' Absolute Titles areVot��itfned:Vbj^ projferties, the:��ecorit^
\'oi which ia.gnaranteed.by-::Gi*o^^ -���:":*'���-
X]X Fall informationVtog^fc?*^
- gratis .by ^dressing���-;;VV7i;VV|^ ���''��� ���'
 ^-Bri^ft:": "il?dlbiii"_bfi8r��f-:  .

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