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The Ledge Dec 13, 1923

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THE  OLDEST   MINING   CAMP   NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
1
Vol.   XXX.
GREENWOOD, B. C.,.. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13,   1923.
No. 21
I
1"*
.'���;.  We invite your inspection of a
Nice assortment of
Mechanical and Other Toys
Just opened Up
Also a varied selection of
' FANCY CHINA
Suitable for Christmas and Nevr Year Gifts
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28L.
GREENWOOD, B.C.
S3W5��s3W5W��WS3>S^3a*3&W-��
Good Things for Christmas
Cluster Raisins, Turkish Figs, Dates,  Preserved
Ginger, Bulk and fancy packages Chocolates,
Mixed Nuts, Etc
Jap Oranges, Apples, Bananas, Grape Fruit
.  Sweet Potatoes,   Celery, Etc
Christie's Biscuits,   Mincemeat
For Quality and Value Order From Phone 46
GREENWOOD  GROCERY
J<ap Oranges,  Cluster Raisins,
  ���       " a
Figs, Dates, Nuts, Holly, Etc.
Just In For Xmas
TAYLOR d_ JENKIN
GREENWOOD
PHONE 17
<&<^4&^^^^^���&&^
INDEPENDENT  MEAT MARKET
i
I
We carry only the best .stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A trial will convince you
|  JOHN MEYER - Proprietor 1
JUST ARRIVED   ���
Christmas Candies, Fancy Boxes of
Chocolates, Jap Oranges
Childrens Sleighs, Toys of all kinds
BUY YOUR CHRISTMAS CARDS HERE
.   Complete assortment to choose from
Fresh Meat For Sale
McMYNNS   STORE   -   MIDWAY
The Consolidated Mining k Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited   -
6ffiee,- Smelting and Refining Department,
TRAIL., BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
Producers  of   Gold, ' Silver,   Copper,    Pig  Lead   agd Zinc  *
, "TADANAC" BRAND
:MvS:
&<;
"Hot wonderful is the human Toicc.
It is in-fed t&e orjraa of the sou!.'"
��� Long-fellow.
"It is indeed the organ of the soul!" Each inflection of your voice has
a meaning for those who know you. Nothing may substitute for it. Yoar
voice is yoa!
Wlxen yoa have news for a friend���when a business matter needs attention���when yoiswish to bring joy to those at home���send yonr voice���
yourself���on the errand.
All this company's telephones are available day and night.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY.
W V SHOWING   ;   .   S
Fit Reform    &
������.���'���-..^���'���SAMPLES'���:���.���'"
rfor Fall in Suits   and Overcoats
^ STANFIELD'S #
if '   W   ��'   '   _ "
f%  Blue and Red LabelBrands o'
Underwear
Aho Tweed Shirts, Khaki pants
TBlue Overalls, etc.
W. Elson & Co
FIRE
FIRE
FIRE
CHARLES   KING
Real Estate. .
Fire,  Life Insurance
Licensed by B. C. Government
Accident & Sickness Insurance
AUCTIONEER       .
Auction off your surplus Stock
Call at my Office and see me in
t.      reference to any of above
New   Fall   Millinery,
Dresses and Stockings
JUST ARRIVED
The ladiesof town and district are
|      cordially invited to inspect same
1      Mrs. Ellen Trounson
Special 'Attraction
Vaudeville, Pictures,   Dance
and Supper
Proceeds, in,.AW.,oL SKatinjr^Rink,-
Latest Songs in Costume by
Local Talent
"Omar the Tentmaker'?
The Persian love-play ecstatic!
A photomarvel athrob with the subtle
magic ofthe Rubaiyat
Dance and Supper
Masonic Hall
Good Music.    The Ladies are supplying' refreshments
GREENWOOD THEATRE
Friday, Dec. 14th
8_p_.m. _Sharp_  - *_ _
Admission to Show:  Adults 50 cts.,
Children 25 cts-; Dance: Couple 75c ,
Single 50c   Supper 35c.   ,
Mr. George Gray, manager of the theatre
has very   kindly - donated this   special
picture to the Rink Committee at cost
There will be no Show on
Saturday following
Send Your -
BOOTS  and   SHOES
,     -To
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
AU work and material  guaranteed.   We
pay postage one way.   Terms Cash.   ,
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge
Rev. W. R. Walkinshaw. B. AV
Greenwood
Sunday. December 16th
Beaverdell 11 a. m.
Greenwood 7_3Gp.hi,
W. J. Farney, an oldtimer of
the Boundary, died last month in
Vancouver. Prior to going* to
the coast six years ago, he bad
been a resident oi. Phoems and
Greenwood. Deceased was interested in mining- properties
along the Main Kettle river.
The staff of the .local B.C.
Telephone Co.. comprising Miss
Cassie McDonald, Miss Daisie
Axam, Miss Mabel Axam and
Jataes Hallett presented A. X.
Docksteader with a "Watermans
Ideal gold Fountain; pen as a
tokec of esteem in which he is
held by the the staff.
~Thos..Row;e arrived in town on
Wednesday from Fairview.
John Thornton, of Ferry, was
a visitor to town on Saturday.
Dr. G. H. Acres, of Grand
Forks, was in town on Tuesday.
See our Toys; and Fancy China.
T. M. Gulley & Co.
A three-cent postage stamp
printed in red wil! shortly be
used.*
Dan McGillis is doing some
development work ou the Bay
mine.
'/
W. Johnson, of Rock Creek,
was in town on business on Friday last. ���   . ���
The Kettle Valley Creamery
opened. for business in Grand
Forks last week.
A. G. Yardley, of Vancouver,
is looking after the' Customs
Office for a few days.
It is contemplated that work
will start on the Strathmore mineral claim next week.
Lost���An earring. Finder will
be suitably rewarded by returning same to The Ledge office.
E. F. Keir returned on Sunday
from attending the Provincial
Party's Convention in Vancouver.
Mrs. J. C. Cruse left Boundary Falls on Monday for Lardo
where she will spend' the winter.
J. H. Dawson returned to New
Denver on Tuesday after a few
days visit with AMr. and Mrs. G.
B. Taylor.
Miss Ethel .Fraser' was the
guest of Miss -Ruth Axam at
Boundary Falls jpn Thursday and
Friday last.
Bruce and Lorna Terhune left
on Tuesday morning' for Vancouver where they will live with
tbeir mother.
Mrs. Joe Richter and youngest
daughter .left Midway last week
for Spokane where they will
spend the winter.
Mrs. W. Muir Wilson and
children returned - on Saturday
from^ a visit to Mrs. Wilson's
brother at Abbotsford.
Mr. and Mrs. A. N. Docksteader and family left by motor for
Vancouver via Spokane and Portland on Wednesday afternoon.   '
- - Thos.-Jenkm-left- on-Tuesday
morning for -Fairview to relieve
Thos. Rowe so that Be will be
able to visit his wife who is quite
ill in Greenwood.
Mrs, Noel B. Kelsey and
children - left Grand Forks last
week-for Grbsse lie, Michigan;
where Mr. Kelsey is engaged in
the mercantile business.
C. M. Spence, of Nelson, has
taken over the plant management
of the B.C. Telephone Co. Mrs.
Spence and four- children will
arrive after the holidays.
Arthur Legault has received
the sad news of the death of his
father Ludger Legault at Perth,
Ont., on Dec 4th at the age of 72
years after a month's illness.
Ice is being made in the Skating and Curling rinks aad if
present weather continues it will
not be many days before these
places of amusement will be open.
, Three carloads of cattle left
Midway and Rock Creek on Wed'
nesday for New Westminster.
The shipment was in charge of
J. F. Leighton and Sonny Jackson.
The Ladies Aid of the Psesby-
teriaa Church held a successful
Sale of Work, Home Cooking and
Tea in the Kennedy Block on
Saturday last. The net pro*
ceeds amounted to $41.
Mr. and Mrs. E. H. Corpe and
little daughter left on Monday
for Nelson. Although here for
only about two years tliey will be
greatly missed especially ia musical circles, Mr. Corpe assisted
at all local enteriiinjnents aad
dances.
Greenwood District Unveils
War 'Memorial to its
Heroes
Unveiling of a monument to the
memory of 31 gallant men who fell
in fehe Great War was Bolemnized
at Ingram 7 Bridge on Sunday
afternoon, December 9fch. The
monument is a pyramid of
stones cemented together standing abont 10 feet high, with
the names of 31 men engraved on
a marble slab and underneath are
Kiplings words "Lest we Forget."
The committee, Mies Debney, R.
D. Kerr, P. H. McCurrach and A.
Lander have worked hard during
the past two months for this memorial. A huge bonfire was built to
keep the people warm during the
ceremony.
The unveiling was performed by
S. L. Bubar while R. D. Kerr
in the presence of about 200 people
delivered the following inspiring
address:���
"We are today passing another
milestone in our lives. Every
since early childhood we have been
passing milestones. Some of these
we are proud of and others we
would rather forget. We have
passed many of them very quickly
and others have taken a long
time. Most of them we have
passed alone, bnt the milestone
that took: us' over four years to
pass, 1914 1918, (the years of the
Great War) we were altogether.
The whole civilized world was with
us during those fateful years.
It was in these years that the 31
gallant gentlemen in' whose memory we have erected this Memorial,
gave their lives defending usiand
ours. Defending also the Institutions handed down to us by our
forefathers.
We sorrow with the relatives of
these departed gentlemen, - but are
glad and'proud that we belong to
the same British and English
speaking race,
These gentlemen, (also others
who are with ns today) from the
Greenwood district joined the British and Canadian armies, when
our form of cililization was attacked
by the enemy,-who had vowed to
destroy it.
Ever since British history began
heroes have risen np, to defend our
liberty. Bruce and Wallace in
Scotland, and Oliver Cromwell in
England are outstanding figures.
And in the new world George
Washington the finest type of English gentleman, fought for liberty.
A-~no~ti-ae~in our" history "did-we
have such deeds of heroism as during the years .of the Great War.
God granted us the victory: and
behind the bulwarks erected by the
armies' of the English speaking
race, we can live in quietness and
peace within the law. Just now
there is no combination of forces
that dare attack the English speaking races of the world.
It seems to me after all great
wars our race has" risen through
the surrounding mists, to a higher
conception of what our lives ought
to be. If we are to be worthy of
the heroes who died for us, we
most rise" to. a higher plane of
living.
God has Dptaced the English
speaking people in the premier
place of tha world today. . It must
bo He has meant .us to carry on
the work of taking the gospel of
Jesus Chri&t to the whole world. -
Great nations have risen in the
past, as Egypt, Israel, Greece,
Rome, and at a later date Anstria
and Germany, the greatest of them
all. These nations of the. past are
now - in tha duet. They had
Education, Courts of Justice, Parliaments, Kings and Emperors and
grand armies. Each its time defied the world.
In 1914, the German nation,
with the finest army the world bad
ever seen, {Ifc was mobilized to the
last button) attacked us and * ours.
8arely- sines we were given the
victory God has meant us to carry
on some great; and good work in
the world. *
If we are- to be worthy of these.
men who died for ns we must carry
on.   Tbey sacrificed their lives for
us, and we must sacrifice^ourselvee
for our fellow'men.
We are not in this world to
[gather riches and possessions. Our
Law Courts, onr Churches and our
Parliaments are merely reflectionp
of what we ourselves are. Unless
we as a nation strive to live a better and purer life, God may take
away our portion fand give it to
some better race that He can, in
bis wisdom, raise up. " * -
Let us so carry on that when we
cross the Great Divide, we will
not be aBhamed to meet those
gallant gentlemen who have gone
before."
After the unveiling "Rev. W. R.
Walkinshaw gave- the dedicatory
prayer. Eev. E. A. St.G. Smyth
was unable to be present through
illness.
A number of evergreen wreaths
were laid at the foot of the monn-
ment, P. H. McCurrach placing
the one for the district. Another
was a most beautiful wreath of
poppies with the words, "Silent
Tribute From Greenwood." -
The wording on the tablet is as
follows:    r
TO THE  GL.ORV OF GOD AND IN MBMORV
OF
* Anderson, W. J. Major; Brown, F.;
Biirnell, Geo.; Cameron, Archie Capt.;
Cameron, Johnny; Carew-Hunt, M.;
Cave, Ef Jasper Lieut.; Cave, Tom I/ieut;
Christensen, E. G.; Graves, Edgar;
Glossop, H. A. P.Comm. R. N.; Glossop,
W. H. N. Lt-Col., Hatfield, Jack;
Jacquest, S. P.; Johnson, Andrew; Kesson,
James R.; Loring, L.N. Lieut.; MaGraw,
Hugh; McCutcheon, Hugh E. Lieut.;
Oliver, James; Oliver,. Sid;. Oliver,
William; Richards, Joe (Frank); Shaw,
Alex.; Sparkes, Ed; Swanson, C; Tallett,
B. (W.); Tenuant, Joe. Serg.-Maj.,
Thorburn, W. A. Serg.; Tuzo, John A.
Capt; Welstead, H, M. Major.
FROM GREENWOOD DISTRICT, WHO GAVE
THEIR "OIVES FOR KING AND COUNTRY
IN THE GRIUT WAR I9I4-18
Big,Time at  Theatre
Friday Night
on
-, Farewell Gathering
Mr.'&.Mes. A. N. Docksteader
X       HONORED
There will be a Speeial Attraction at the Greenwood Theatre on
Friday, Dec. 14th at 8 p.m. sharp,
when there will be vaudeville and
pictures. Proceeds in aid of Skating
rink. The programme will consist
of latest songs by local talent in
costume; also "Omar the Tent-
maker" a Persian story of the
desert.* Immediately after tbe
show the Ladies committee will
serve Supper in the banquet room
of the Masonic Hall, after which
a Dance will be held. Excellent
music. A good show, a good time,
a good cause. Help it along by
yonr presence.	
There- wiH""be no~Shdw in the
Greenwood Theatre'on Saturday
following, Dec. 15th.
Gathering to pay their respects
to Mr. and Mrs. A. N. Docksteader, who have held a high
place in Greenwood for" some
years and many from the countr"
met in the Masonic Hall on Tue'.
day night, Dec, 11th to bid fare
well to this esteemed couple.
The affair was in the nature of a
social evening, with, dancing,
supper and presentations. The
gathering was arranged by Mrs.
G. S.Walters, Mrs. A. Sater, Mrs.
A. J. Morrison and while it was
mooted about^town for only two
days the most sanguine had no
idea that so many could be
brought together in, so short a
time. The evening was one long
to be remembered.
Mrs. J. McD., Reid was the
pianist for. dancing assisted by
Geo. Clerf on the drums. While
A. N. Docksteader helped considerably with his sazaphone.
Mrs. Stapleton, Mrs. Ritchie and
Noel Butler kindly relieved at
intervals.
Jas. Kerr in a few well chosen
words presented Mrs. Docksteader
with an ivory set and Mr. Docksteader with an auto tire akd
tube and voiced the opiaion of
the citizens when he said that
their departure was regretted,
but at the same time all were
glad that ah advancement had'
been given Mr. Docksteader in
his chosen profession. ' "They
are jolly good fellows" and "Will
ye no come back again" were
sung and three cheers given,
Mr. and Mrs. Docksteader at the
same time being visibly affecte_L
by the- demonstration of .friendship and good feeling. _
Mr. Docksteader made^sTtoach-""
ing reply, appreciating the kindness shown and - that he would
always have  a warm spot in his
heart for Greenwood.
Supper.was served upstairs and
one of the most social and jolly
dances continued until 1 a.m.
The last Dance of the year and
the first Dance of the season will
be held in the Masonic Hall,
Greenwood on New Year's Eve,
Dec. 31st under the auspices of
the Knights of Pythias*. Bush's
four piece orchestra will supply
the music. Admission: Gents
$1., Ladies SOc. Pythian Sisters
wilFserve" supper "at ~35"cts. Dance
the Old Year out and the New
in.   "
Goodeve's Drug Store
Headquarters for everything in
XMAS GIFTS
Victrolas
Fountain Pens
Kodaks
Flashlights
Stationery
100 Boxes, no twcTalike
Wonderful  Assortment Extraordinary Values.
fates
In Beautiful Boxes.   AU prices
Buy your bulk Chocolates in 5 Ib. boxes, and save money
Ail Chocolates are the celebrated Nci-son's make
Largest assortment ever shown in Greenwood
At pre-war prices
��
Toys
Motion Picture Machines, Magic Lanterns,   S*wing
Machines  and   everything  in the mechanical   line.
Something for all ages
Xmas Cards, fags, Seals, Ribbons, Etc
Look them over your bound to be pleased
.,w_C- -rj;
'+>3
THE     LEDfiE.     OREENWOOD.     R     C.
. ::;���., ;y.y.. :-{. J^^. WjgW^S
m)im\0sm��^x
xmxxx:^^^mx:m^
The Abstemious Bookmaker     }
i
Russians
Are Wretched
From
A Remarkable Character in  Person  of
Mad  Who Recently  Died  in
England
A remarkable character, with many
characteristics ol' ;i former lime, lias
just died in tho person of George/
tltirnoy. once a well-known bookmaker
and for many years a farmer in a
small way near Aylesbury. lie ls
under.stO'jd to have left, a considerable
fortune.      A  correspondent   writes:
"Jle. -was as unlike the popular idea
of :i bookmaker as well might be. lie
was straight as a dart, hard as nails,
and lie used io boast that he lived on
sixpence a day. He retired from the.
turf in 3907, giving his clerk enough
Everything    of    Value    Take;.
People by Officials
Unofficial   .travellers   who have recently returned from llusssla say Unit.
on every hand iu that country are evidences of ruin and decay.      Little or
ho Ui In (j has been done in the way of
rebuilding or new construction. Thou ]
bands    still    live    in window!....* and
doorless houses.
There i.s more money than one
would think���real money. It is hii
example of what thorough loot will
do aud as an illustration of the
length of Unio j; takes utterly to exhaust the gathered wealth of even n
country like Russia. By U c: sale of
jewels, rugs, fur's, all ohjo< ts of art
and other tilings, which aro. taken
ruthlessly wherever thcy may be
fiuund, ollicials and theii" favorites still
seem to maintain incomes largo
enough so that they can import what
luxuries they want, even though thoy
may pay exorbitant prices for iheui.
One thing i.s apparent to all visitors,
and that is that the methods of life
which has been necessary in Russia of
late years has trained the people to
such cunning and unscrupulousnesr. as
never have been equalled elsewhere
at any time. The Government officials continually cheat tho peoplo aad
the people continually cheat the Government oflicials. If a foreigner gets
Jn and tries to do business of any sort
he must be a. trader of amazing skill
if he is to get out again with his coat
on his back.
The amusements of Moscow are
as unhealthy as its business. They
are even more hectic than those of
Berlin. Gambling houses are licensed
by the Government,   whicli   takes., a
-rake-off on each bet, and one finds
them crowded by fools throwing their
money away while beggars, at the
point of actual starvation, stand out-
aide, ready to abuse a loser who comes
forth or fawn upon ami beg of those
whose manner show that they -have
won.'       "     "    "     -        ".. "   .' .'-*.;
������ ��� .lust'outside'these g';unblizig;houSGS,
every night, may    be seen;"r.-always,
. pathetic knots of 'girls. .irf_'even;fiheir
.   ."mothers',, who-f'tjiu:.. far;:liave '.lick! oiii
against temptation, bul-whoiio longer
... -can'endure .life, pangs, of -.hunger.'    li
- ��� 'ts; ��� VioticOiibio"'-1 hat f i hose le.rrificall j-
'yy tragic grottps'no. lon.gcr have;" as t-h.ey"
'   'pned'tlUif.aiiy .s^nsfe of their own- ira.;-
Wdy.. :'-''- X    ' y .    W" 'VW:
'  -' -Ke^otiation's. arV
[x onXihc- plain .basis'of barter
'.'  ..Anything is better-tTi..n\-the. ordinary-
- -family life of.the i>oor-.iiiul"'as_all;rG.
"Oigioiv is banished - fronif the" lain!, -or.
"clung to at. -the peril, bf thfe devotee,
' there arc. no . - restraining'������ influences.
��� -save-those  of tlio.-. dim. memories  o
��� ot'hetv'h.'ighfcr; b'citer.tiniosf';-'���   ���-'-'.,.
j money to start n farm in Canada, and
Ihe settled down himself on a little
farm. He would rfevor state whether
he included in his sixpence a day tiie
price of the products of his garden
that, he ate and the eggs from his own
hens. He often came up to London,
but there is no record of his visiting
hijj old colleague.', of the ring, who aro
to be found in many oT the London
almshouses.
"Gurney was a very careful man
even in the days before the present
banditti made race-going a dangerous
trade. He used to have express
trains slopped at Rickmansworth especially for him when he lived there.
On arrival in LoSRm he would be met
!>>' it pugilist, usually a famous negro
boxer. He mado no bad debts, for
his transactions were all in ready
money. lie had an extraordinary
head for figures and he sometimes had
as many as 6,000 transactions in one
week, all that number being written
down, calculated, and balanced by a
single clerk. He had many of the
qualifications to become a useful citizen, instead of whicli���"-^Manchester
Guardian.
Chinese Asks Canada
For Fair  Treatment
-.'", Season'.. Tickets Ori" Air Routes
-"" Season .tickets are-.now'being, issued
.on.' Britain's, first inland    airway '-between ..London and Man cheater.     Tho.
price is .,�� 100 aiid a'ticket covers' CO
"fiights'between the two cities, iriclud-,
ing"tiie.moior -car. '.iouniey"between"
.""Croydon-aerodrome -aud- the"'city;. ^ Several firms,i:i the, northern, city have
bought..tickets-.-which will enable.them
'to. send iheir .representatives lo-'I.oii-.
ilon .:ii-ji-nlomeni's notice.---  -   "   '-   ' ;.-
Chinese Consul-General Says Immigrants Are Poorly Treated
Dr. Cliillen Tsur, Chinese Consul-
General for Canada, who has just returned to Ottawa from an extensive
tour of Europe and a visit to his country, spoke strongly of the treatment
given to the Chinese Immigrant and
student entering Canada at Victoria
and other British Columbia ports.
lie returned to the Dominion via
Victoria and while there visited the
detention sheds where the Orientals
are kept upon landing in Canada. They
are confined behind bars and/ed poorly and conditions, ho said/were better in' some Chinese': prisons, tiian-they,
were in the immigration sheds', "at Victoria. VV.--"'-. ���-"���" .'. - V '.-XX---
'" llev.-'iirged-."'. thar; steps.'-should" .be
'tnlccn to-'secure" better; .treatment"'.Vof
the.--Chinese; iii Brif Ish .'Columbia; anil
spoke -.-specially of.. the public. schools
question.' - .-. V" : -; . -; - .
��� 'Die .Chinese take.' a" great - jn.terc.st'
iii their "own. people' who are. abroad,"
and', .if "they are. ill-iron ted, thcy-rc.-
5jent' it,-' he said.':"., "Canadian people
_ fairly', as
treat.-, Canadian'-" iner-
.chanls^; aiitl ���' travellers ; wlio--visit
China," .Jig' declared." lie" believes
.Canada",, has 'a"\ wonderful chance to"
improve its trade by investigating the
ma'rk.eis . of.' .ChiiiaV. Great, .preparations are being 'made:..to. welcome.'-thc
-visiting.-Canadian' manufacturers-.'"
conducted-; openly ishouli!, treat ft he Chinese
md'sale.  the' (iliiupVo
Contaminated  Wells
- Preparedness His vRule". '
.'Hi-re's'a bit of Chinese 'wisdom' that,
i.s \voitlr-niedit:U.ing".upon.:''''.We must
do'quii'-kly'what ihcVo is- no hurry foiv
to bo able."to do slowly'wliat.deiifauds
hast'ef���Xcw- Haven l.tegisier."   yy   i.
Hard, Large and Red Pimples, itching Was Terrible,
�����  .
"Had been troubled all my life
with acne on my face.   My forehead
fS��-^     was a mass  of pimples.
CsgjX'tih They were hard, large end
\y~ Xi red. and the itching was
Vi     '^)  "i,ost terrible. IVIy face was
V XzJ dTsfigured I sent for a free
\^^2?   sample of Cuticura Soap
^^^^ and Ointment and after
using them got instant
relief. I bought more^ and after
using two calces of Cuticura Soap
and three boxes of Cuticura Ointment I was healed." (Signed*) Mrs.
G. S. Miller, Box 14, Marshall,
Wash., Jan. 9. 1922.
Use Cuticura for every-day toilet
purposes. Bathe with Soap, soothe
with Ointment, dust with Talcum.
f-umpltEaeh Tret by MM1. Atldrc-ftarJ.I'riBftiis.Limited, M4 St. P��sl St, Vf. Montreal?7' Sold every-
where. Soap2Sc, Ointment 25nncl50c. TBlci_m26c.
Cuticura Soap shaves without mug.
Another  Game  Reserve
I Big   Area   in   tha   Cariboo   District   C-t
Asid.2  by Govsrnment
Krii.i.-.li Columbia is to nave another
L;aine reserve���a rei'ti;ve i'or a Rreater
variety   of   the   kindred   of   the  wood
i ilinn  is   to  be   found  else'w'here..     In
the Cariboo district a strip of country
approximately seventy miles lone; and j
forty miles wide is to be set aside for ;
this purpose. Recently a body of'
naturalists and bijc Kanie eutbusiasis
urged the Game Conservation Board
to establish the reserve. The plan
was approved and it only remains for
lhc officials to determine the boundaries. "Tlie Uowron Lalce Game
Uefuge'," as the new park is to be
known, "will be enclosed within the
outside, shores of Bowron, Spectacle,
Sandy, Long, Isaac and Indian Point
Lalces, which, with thc streams connecting them and several minor portages, form an almost circular waterway 200 miles in circumference. The
southern part of the reserve is 22
miles east of Barkerville, in one of.
> the finest big game districts of British
I Columbia. Here is the natural home
of   moose.' deer,   caribou,   mountain
  I goat,   grizzly   and   black  bear,   lynx,
Where the Ancient Royal City of Kishj marten  and  kindred   fur-bearing ani-
Lies Buried mals.      Trout is plentiful, and "geese.
American   and   Knglish    scientists I brant, ducks and grouse are found in
Unearth  Oldest  Capital
Necessity;of-Taking Every;Precaution
- - To "Guard Against impurities
'The -Division" of Chemistry "of.the".
Dominion,..- Exjjerirfientalf farms,,, last,
year,, analyzed 1 It) sample's of- water
taken from farm .wells, and the result
y;as alarming.;.. Of. these- samples' 42
Ve"re found to, be dangerously polluted
and 21!fwcre suspicious, anil"probably
dangei'ous. ' '- ."-..'���- 'V- '--' -.zX'X'���:��� '-
f Water-.;whicli- .comes{ from, thirty-
feet or- more under.' ground is'-'-in the-
vast liiajority - at.-cases; pure',- so pollution vis' generally- caused .by, surface
waii.r. b;eeping;in"- under-, ground,'- or-
:elso.;.-because- Hherof'-'Is'-^nq-.f-cribbing
above ilie .ground/, the. water.-from
barns- or- yarils'irau7 filter .dlrecl ly'jiuo
Hie;-'weli:; -".;..;'" '���....' [" ��� 'X- .' X X .
I>ttp7 v.-(_Ils. "should 'hot .,be,-i'n barn
yards- or..' under barns",, unless'.tliey
are' tightly cribbed ten or'awelve-feet
below' the ground arid-a foot above it:
Jt is also tidyisabio..wherever- possible';
if/.gil.ow.i'urf'all iotiiid a'.wej!.",
';'ii'. coiitaniihiition is-suspeeleil-, if is
.advisable to._h'itve an   -aiutlysis 'made
  byVthe.-I��iyisIon.-'of"'Chemist.ry .qf the !
Hemf<>rd,.N:..S.~*'I am.the mother ! lic.pa.niiieii!,   of. -AE.ricuilure',   Ottawa,
MOTHERQ
LARO
are co-oiierating in an expedition
that will rediscover the' capital of
the oldest dynasty ln history, according to Dr. I). C. Davies, of Chicago, director of the Field Museum
of .Natural History. A party ot excavators representing tho Field Museum and tho University of Oxford
left England for Bagdad early in November. The expedition will explore
long forgotten cities in the east during the ne:a. three years.
Between the Elvers Euphrates and
Tigris in Mesopotamia, where tradition asserts that the Garden of Eden
once blossomed, lie the graves of
many long dead cities, Dr. Davies
said. Eight miles to the east of
Babylon a series of mounds rise to
the height of 70 or SO feet above tho
still fertile plain.
Beneath the mounds lies buried tho
ancient, royal city of Kish. Not only
was lush the seat ot the oldest dynasty in history, - but in the days of
its glory it was the capital of three
more powerful later dynasties wliich,
for 1,700 years (4500 B.C. to 2S00
B.C.) ruled the whole of Western
Asia..
Even after that date the city occupied a prominent place in the
history of Babylonia, maintaining
that position until the Babylonian
empire crumbled away in the fourlh-
fithf. centuries- B.C. '������ Tims' these
mounds.--cover, not only' the remnants
of the 'earliest "-history" of mankind, but
UiW'ontinuaUon bf it" for.more'Lilian
���1,000 year's. 'If.anticipations'are real-.
Ized flie'..iiglit;ihat -will :be shed.'on this
blurred chapifer-of human 'history will
prove, t.o be of incalculable 'value" and
intere'slWriie Kansas'City StarVV  -'-���
large nunibers.-
A canoe can be taken around the
circle with no difficulty, while inside
the borders of the refuge are magnificent snow-clad peaks rising to an altitude of 7,500 and 8,000 feet. The
scenery is enchanting. This district
is one of the greatest spawning
grounds for sockeye salmon in British
Columbia.
Wanted Best Terms
Printer Thought He Had Equal Right
With Surgeon
A printer received an inquiry from
a. surgeon who wanted bids on several thousand letter-heads, different
sizes, grades and colors, and lie
wanted the form held standing.
The printer wrote back: "Am in
(he market for one' operation for appendicitis, one, two, or five-inch incision, with or without ether; also
with or without nurse. Quotations
must include putting appendix back
and canceling0 the order if found
sound. Successful bidder is expect-
to hold incision open for sixty days as
I expect to be in the market for an
operation for gallstones, and I want
to save the extra cost of cutting."���
Judge.
"YOUBJEETH4'
LOSS OF THE TEMPORARY
TEETH"
By    Ron     _>rocior'    McGee.     M.D..
D.D..S..  Pittsburgh. Pa.
who have once had Zam-Buk applied
never forget how it soothes and heals
their hurts. Wise mothers never use anything else. A touch "of herbal Zam-Buk
������a bandage made of almost any clean
rag���no more tears or worry. Zam-Buk
is so pure and so refined that it provides
the ideal healer for every sort of wound,
abrasion or soreness.
Mrs. J. E. Bierwirlh,, of Carnduff,
Sask, writes:���".My little boy cut off
the end of his finger and it seemed a
case for a doctor. However, I applied,
Zam-Ih.k lo stop thc pain and bleeding
and it gave the child such relief lhat I
continued lhc treatment. Using; nothing
but Zam-Buk, I dressed llie finger each
day, and the wound healed perfectly."
IT ENDS PAfft*    *
iGc. hex, SfortH-iS. AU Stores anil CUauisla.
f. STOMACH MISERY,    "
-GAS, INDIGESTION
A   Unit   of   Electricity
Equals Work of One Horsepower for
45 Minutes
A French Society ror encouraging
national industry has just issued a list
of the things, that can be done with a
unit of electricity���equal to the work
of one horsepower for -15 minutes.
It will save a gallon pf petrol, or
boil two gallons of water, or make
nine pounds of ice, or sterilize 2,000
gallons of drinking water, or grill fifteen cutlets,'or plough 120 square
yards of land to a depth of a foot,
or thresh 1-10 sheaves of corn, or make
four hundredweights of butter, or separate the cream from S00 gallons of
milk, or lie up a hundred, sacks of
com. .
It will light up a hall 30 feet wide
ancl 50 feet long for 25 hours, or pump
a thousand gallons of water into a
tank 50 feet above the ground.
All    temporary    teeth    that tire abscessed   must   bo   removed.      There
must be no    delay.      Harmless    ab-
i scosses  do not  exist.      If your child
j is carrying poison in its mouth, "tfind
I you  know it,  are  you  willing  to   assume the responsibility when the Utile one suffers from systematic infection  or  do  you  expect  to  place   the
bhuneo.upon an  all-wise. Providence;?
Rvcry child's mouth should bo examined at frequent intervals to find out
whether or not there is decay or infection or both.
In many ciiies ancl towns both in
this country and in Europe there arc
public school clinics -where the children's mouths are examined and
where reparative work is done. In
many states thc public health boards
send out dental clinic committees to
examine the mouths of children in the
country and sniall town districts so
that the parents may be informed on
fhe conditions that are present in the
mouths of their children. The interest ln these clinics is very "great; in
January, 1920, an examination clinic
was being held by the Minnesota Public Health Commission in a far northern district where the temperature
was below zero and the snow was two
feet deep. One country school twenty
miles away bundled'up three bod-sled
loads of little tots and sent' them to
be examined. The people of that
kind of district appreciate their children and are going to raise' them up
to be_strong, healthy citizens.' These
clinics are for the purpose of informing the parents what should be done
and the parent can then take the child
to the dentist of their choice arid have
the child's mouth put in order. When
you get a school report' on your' child's
mouth, appreciate it by following Instructions.
Prompt���Permanent���Relief
CARTER'S  LITTLE  LIVER  PILtS
rarely fail.   Purely
vegetable ��� act,.        xstsgr -y
surely but gent
ly on the liver.
Relieve after
dinner distress ��� relieve indiges-     	
tion; improve the complexion���brighten
the eyes.
Small Pill���Small Dose���Small Pfle*
Better Prices For Wool
Better prices for ,wool wore'received by Saskatchewan wool growers
during 1922, according to#i report issued by the western manager of the
Canadian Co-operative Wool Growers'
Association. Tho average price per
pound for the year was _S% cents,
nearly fifty per cent, higher than l.e
1921 average scale.
Miller's Worm Powders.will,eradicate the worm evil that bears so heavily on children and is believed . to
cause many fatalities. They'are an
acceptable medicine to children and
can be fully relied upon lo clear the
food channels thoroughly of'these destructive parasites and restore the inflamed,and painful surfaces to health-
fulness. They are an excellent remedy for these evils.
What a splendid thing it would he
if peoplo who lose their tempers wci-c j iii.stiucted in iirst-aid
New Emergency Kits
Pullman Cars Will Soon Be Equipped
With Modern Outfit
The old-time hammer and axe emergency kit in railroad cars, a familiar
object to every railroad passenger, has
outlived its usefulness. The new order is a compact, modern first-aid kit
to be installed in all Pullman cars.
With the installation of these kits
; all employee's of the company will be
-unableto'iind them again.
"Pape's' Diapepsin' '/Corrects
.'/.Sour,' Upset Slomaths :
Merchant Marine Helps Business
Instances-Found", in   B.C.   Trade   Says
. -.Dominion Bank. Director..
'; "Addressing ;ihe shareholders" at Toi-';
onto of -Life Dominion- Rank- of which.;
he: is. a director,-]':; W.f H'amber, .Presi-I,
dent.-ancl .Managing Director of.the.
British' Columbia Mills, Timber-, and
Trading'Company:of Vancouver,, said
tliat product ion. in the' llritish Colunv
bin ..lumbering aiid. associated ��� Indus-'
���tries -wa}. 'steadily expanding due iiv
large' measure-'- io - increased ��� overseas
trade 'with China",'."_, Jopaii. ���'' Australhi,-
>*c"w 'Zealand. Jind" India:'., .' ���-; ,,-' -
"'Mr. Ilanibei;.attributed, tliis increase-"
in -overseas-.iraclevin.'pai't lo....lhe ad-,
vent of the' Canadian'; Government
Merfchantf-Marine," -lie had it on good
au'thbrlty" that'-the' Government- service, operating but' of .Vancouver; had in
tii_-:''past: year-.paid its'- operating
cliargos .aiid from, "the present outlook
should,- in' the ..near "future, -give, tide-
qua !e:;returns on the inv.estmcrit.sV
\-;_x.-X.XX) ; atDnce^.--':."-   ._-",.;.' .|
. VPape's DiapcRSiri"" Is .th'e quickest,"'
surest    relief    for indigestion, gases,
""flatulence, heartburn','"sourness., fer-,
mentation o ".stomach distress caused.
- by acidity.. ���-' Afew. tablets give almost-
jra'mediate 'stomach relief. ;. Correct'
your stomach-and-digestion now-.for a".
Tew cents. -: Druggists sell -millions o��-
pa.ckages, ;; ���-'    '- ',    ;-VV   .;-.   ,'."'.'.
1 If sometimes- happens .that a -nisii.
convinces",others without convincing
himself.  . -"' V ' '    '     -
-If'.you: would- be- happy don't'-'pui''-
'"chase-today and road 'the'bargain, advertisements tomorrow..----'." l''Vv ���'
���Since ..I8GI7 the'  United.'States di.
America has had thirteen'.-President's.
The first-aid with which all Pullman cars will soon be equipped will
contain two flrstrnld packages, bandages arid dressings, iodine swabs and
a small bottle of aromatic, spirits of
ammonia".-.' '   .1.-
Journallstlc Self-Respect
A newspaper has as much idea of
loyalty to its constituency a* any
citizens in it. It possesses equal wisdom with the best citizens and has
a 'good idea of proper discretion in
public matters. It handles more subjects needing wisdom, discretion and
judgment dally than a few hundreds
of its readers meet with annually.
As to the honesty of the newspaper,
without Integrity -it would not long
exist and obtain the support which
is its life.���Urandon Sun. V
From 1901 to 1920 the total number
of new British settlers in Canada was
3,2'19,269. During the same period,
Canada received 1,318,469 ' settlers
from the United States.
A sharper is a keen
dull conscience.
man   with   a
CASTO RIA
For Infants and Chiidren
In Use For Over 30 Years
Always bears
the
Signature of
yf*4t&&Ac
., Good workmen are like shear's; Ih'.-y
shut upVvhen-Jhcy goto'workf
Amenities of .Breakfast   -   -
SmithV-I wish I had one of the, crisp
rolls: thiiV'mothcr used to makc.f""
V.Mrs:. Sjinith.���-Yes,-."and I.'wish; you
bad one .of.the.crisp.rolls,that- father
.used.;t'o" carry.-���'New- York .Siui."
-.Nibses -was." supposed' lo "haye" been'
18.. feel .in height. - f. ."   X-X.--'"--.-"
About a Moth Leaving.Its. Cocoon.;,;
vic-
-.111.1
Recommends Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Corn
to Other Mothers
���-"���Aiito Fatalities ..In-U.S."
; VM-i"e..t'han 12,000 "persons, .were
tints, of-automobile "fattdilies' in
.United Si" tiles in 192 2f,, .,"-"-' yX; \)
V'New-: York; headed" the-list- with :i
"fo'taWf \7S5," Svhk-Hf didV'noi. - include
;tiic\monlhVoi'7'ft^^^
had. -73"�� ahd-f.I.os, Angeles "ranked
third .wiiiVst'l."-'-.   "..,- "-*'.,'��� ,-"--������- :-\ '
]���: TOLD you ofilt'Ue .Chblmoridejey's. accident -when sleighing, down
'-'-'a hill.in .the'country while visiting a boy friend, and-of how he'had
' been-brought brfek.to ihecity-where helay.flat on ,his'bjy_clc -in/bed
- for throe.-long..months. It also told you-that his mother's friend,
.'.'. -Mrs.TTillis", had then brought hint a." pot of Ivy. because .he-had:" told
lier'h'ow sbrry he always felt wli.en his 'dowers died and that he wanted a .plant,
ihat would last for years; .and/ furthermore; tliat one morning when his mother
'.was watering it she.discovered a tiny'cocoon firmly .fastened.to.one of the Ivy
-leaves."' ��� . ".'...- '��� ��� :"--.-.:'-. ���- ���-���-.'.������-'.'..��� -..,-- = .-"
.,.:,--. Loth she and Cholmondeley could hardly wait -for" .lhe" warm day? of spring
.tn'-.c.ome because tliey were'.so. anxious. i,o. Know, what;Uiiul of Moth or Butter-
fly" would break open llie cocoon:-' XX x'X   x.X'-x   -"."'V     '���'. -.-'  -.'���"
- .Lots.of times as Gholnio'ndeleyJay-'Ju bed ancl talked with his mother.he
had said:f ������'-.-"." -:    -."'���'..".   .   "- '-    '  -XX ���������." V . ���".    - ������"'���-
��� -. :'.'Mu'/z,'.you can'Vinsa'glni. how.curiousl-am.to know just what is sleeping'
awVy Inside-that'co.eoon..- . ' _'.." ..-."and wailing.for the spring.- 1 wish"it were
time for it to com e out-!".. '.���..������' -- '. : ��� \-f. 7 -' ' '.: X " "Vf ��� ""'
ffiile.. had-been fiip".and around for a" long while, and quite, recovered from
hi i accident, whicli. by this time-'he"-liad almost-forgotten." when, the first day
-of-spring nrrivc'dVand'-iliat.- morning his X -;."'--:,   -;V  ".'���-'     "..'-, ".;.'-."
mother sa.id-:'. -''���--. -������ X ' ������  ,"   ��� I "" ''��� ���.- . ������- -.
-"   '.-...'.'I .think Chunim"y.'dcar.-.fthat-wc liitd
better-put "some .netting  round  your  Ivy
'      ' " 'lot
. The . "Modern-". Woodmiin,'V"publica-
tipn of., tlie ,'Woodmen of the~ World
Lodge, has ti etrcuiatiori". of, l';OGS,r)00
monthly-.-" ���-.. ',-���"-,"''.      ':- -���
��'-vk.��<ve'V��<Xy|'<txO'^e'T>9
I
. Cause of
Early Old Age
"I
Tho celebrated Dr. Michenfcoff,
an authority on early old Bge,
say* that iti* "caused by poisons
generated   in   tho   intestine." ��� A
When your stomach digests food  ^ '
'I properly it is absorbed without  1 -
?  forming poisonous matter.   P01- '7
?- ions bring on early old age and   ^
if- premature death. IStoSOdrops .if
Jet "Sclgel's Sjrap'*_ after meals ���>
.makes your digestion sound,   to  f
����V��-;��'��-;V��',;*"'��>9'^X&'%>��-��HB -
weaknes- has Jeft'mc.andthe pain in . .    .       .      .
my-bac!i ha.s.Konc.::l tell all my friends- ,or   *l���king   or-   cookmg should be
who ai;e troubled .with; female weakness-; boiled for ten ni.inu'tes.      This water
to take Lydia E.f Pinkham's'Vegetable'sviij-''not    taste    flat -if cooio'd in the
-.Compound, for I think- it. is^ the best;,   -n   Jr
' medicine ever-sold. -You mayfadyertise. i"';' ,"   '
my.letter."��� Mrs. Groi'.GE I.;CEOU_B,    , Or in \>L\rr. of boiling, one ran lake
He'mfor'd, N". S. '   ���-'' .' yy.'--.)? xiyyrt '- -teaspoonful    of t-hlrtride. oi
'���   ' '     My First Chilcl      'WVV!n.iWrub..ii .witli a., little   water   to
V Glen-Aliin-, Alabarnaf-'*! have been; \hXX'-^iX^yX^XMh^XX^:}]^,
greatly-benefited by taking Lydia  E.': 'lhi>n)Ughlv-'-mix'-ii"J;-i'wirhV ;!7"plnr:.   o'f.
J>ihkham'_   Vegetable   Compound  for '; v.-.;,tVf. bortlV'a'nVlf'Vr.rareh-.v. ���rb'rie'fir"'
bearine-dov.*n feelings and pain?. I was '   ....,     .,.,-."��� ���'-���,, ", ; -'   >,:""      -'- ,7'
SSSfcd   Ln "this way for nearly, four ; "���"  ^.J""n '-w?��  ^'P �����.����:- -T ���clr,.j
years  follovf-jnjj the birth of .my first j ��"d .oik..' :i��i;y.on!ul.,?>!',-. it ..ii-mixed-;
child.and at time's ���';���> .-1 hardly stand on ..witli <��� two-f'paliimV.of. w;.r'er., uiil.'.in i
my.feet-.. A neighbor recommended tbe,;'fUl(.(;; ,;i;ifin���-!,^/-',>Vt:-ovV,ii'-,ii-ea?ei
Veere table. Comrxiund tome after I had :-     7. y;. ���   -      ,-.-7 ;..-.'���'.  -----   ���-   \
taken-doctora 'medicines without much"; yz'^y-y XX "'    ������'. XX.y.'',-'..: "Xy '....;-
benefit:   It hag relieved my pains and.t������'������:,-;'- -':.-,.-,..---'-."��� ---.7"--"rr":'' -'-,:."-'-'.'-f   ;
. jjives me streagth..I recommcnd.it' and ],'-,-,= ^v �� p0V^aV Mili&ry -Camp V'V \'
cive  vou permission to ss�� my--toati-.-���;''���::--.--.- "-'.���  '.������-���.-.-.,.'..���--..,.-���. ,'---..���'.' I ,-.
monial letter/"���Mrs-.- Ida Rv��,"'_ Glen ! '��� /Ilnliiioo.s.^ are'710.. be.j-aised".c)n ih-. j l"
In* .Albania: the ' women arc" treated
���'witli the ' utmost.- consideration, .���' To
.such ane-xtenlf indeed, is the vcSpcci
for. women Vairied oui. by .the, Albanians' thai-it is contrary to their sen si*,
of propi'ieiy _<:ver to make, women ti-.o
subject .of Jokesf oivhumorous. storieH
this "the.-very li'rsst thing .after -wakings-
even: before "his bath and dressing}., and-to ,      .
his dellgfit'ho found thtit'tlie cocoon had been bur.-Lop'fn -while close by i.lon
the'same leaf was a", most disappoint ing looking'- Moth'..'      --..-   '      ::-
���'- "<;ee."' he muttered- 'ur- himit'elf; .'-'if wtt's hardly'.worth". waiting.air,ih'3ae:
months-for!" ' .Nevertheless, .lie.ran-to'acll his inother.the news, and she-re-
turned with .him to see it.-'.- . -���'���    .'��� '���'-    ���.'-'���'-'' ��� -''���;..'   .   ��� X.       .'.'������--
'"\ycll,. of course'," she s"aid."-"it-dop��n'.t look-like "much now because;it has
bnlv-just come foul-of-the" cocoon-arid its: wings are still wet aml-krinkled,S��ut-
let's wait and watch it," imd she took off.the-net!ing so-as.lo,sec better;, -'live'
little creature never stirred 'for*a,:long- while,,It just waited patiently for the
warm breezes to dry its-wings, which very" grautiallylost.iheir funny wri'nkle-il-
up'siate. Vou see. it'realized ih'atthis was-the'thing'to doF.an<l that it "must
first get- its ?tibn'gth.- for --'it- felt strangely weak". It was also bewildered, by
].tJv?"brireanr suniighi and all the newness of its surroundings." -1 suppose thiit"!
��� " .......... ,...._ -ymji.tijfiy become
Allen, Alabama
.1
-Op
*^iiknents. Peculiar toWotxien.
} Tf-ni'psl'hoi'cr. Fields ;.on" the. ciirskirt."
W-
u.   iita
c-'j.n5i?t'i"';:..th.��;);f \\'<
,1 lie. plaj i'r.oun'ds...
'"''ail young.Uiir_g.s-.f-el thai ,\yay just-after having been born, .unul=.ihcj7be<.'0itie ;,
~ 'accts-tcmed. t<> ltfe.'.;-'-','".. -' '- 'y X - xXXx-X X-: "*''"".���'-.-.'._.���-'.-���''".. -'"XX\..'XX r'-X- XXX.)[
'��� -i f -": ,Cla'>linon(iele'y....uiiV.lns;-nio{liei-. br.oathlessH-;- wqlelird/lit.*?-->"'��ng Mhth'fMul' :'
-"jas iWwihg's""dried, tirid'straightened'but and took oii",tii.e'i'r rialuralfgray brown  \
color-1 he-boy V mot her re-cognized it.
i "Why. that."-she-exclaimed-, "is .an Autog-rapiia riras.-.ric; but I don't see
-how irs cocoon happene.l ;o bc on an Ivy leaf, for tliey are generally near Ciib-
i bjigo bed.^. and when '.lrey arc'in'their Caterpillar stage they generally feed on
1 Cabbage- leaves." , >     ' ' - ���   '        " " .
"I can tell . you,"' cried.Cholmondeley.
"Mrs. Hillis told r.ie.that when she polled this
-ivy she had cut it. from a - vine .that., grew
against..her vegetable .garden "fence." -T-liis
'.Moth, when it. was. a'worm. must, have crawled over to the Ivyf.vitic wlien. it Ranted to
'spin its cocoon."'"---,f''"���''-'-.  "���--"' ''   -.���'..  '��� ��� '���-. '-"���
.it
-'���'   Tliat-f tender, almost juicy
cikc -.with the \rare ftavu'r '.o.f
.delicious ".'raisins- and - picjiiant'
spice. "."'/.    ''";.���.'
Z; Tliat .riclt,'.'fruity' -ltiscicnis;
cake that doesn't crmfiUlc aml-
' dry-out...   '    -V' ;_-'.- . W '��� '.[
- fTlic'. kifid that y o'u - It a ve .
.-always'.likedrT-tlic'.-klndyoji -
:"mean'-wlic"n vod-.say ��� 'fruit
,cokc.;V-:j X X'[Z'X XX Xy
'-""' You_.can-,.iwy it" rib-A-���g'ct.'
just the kind "you-like-^aivl -'.
save bakiny; at'lmmc.    �����
,'' 'l.'ltesc   pliiinp,   tender, - juicy,
."thin-skinned "raisins.''are 'ideal-:
- for .cake.    Taste -the '.rake you
. get and,see. -T7   ,".'. f   -'-'-���
."'. You'll" enjoy' fruit cake snore .
ciftPt.1 when you can secure' such .'.
_ t/o'Oil'cd'is rcady-maJt. - ;   ���.  .
-'""Mail coupon for. free-book o'f
,t"f!>ttii ,recipes, "suggesting scores -������
uf other .luscious.raisiu,foods."'-  ,.
Just ask"your -bake-' shop  cr-
-ronfectiotier ' for :
that's- made .Vvith
���ths'. cake-
xi-y- V'Surt-Maud-'Rausm-Growers ���.;'-.,'" ;���'���-,.';,;-''"
'J.d>.o*'ra:t-.{.Gricr.;Tai:oa Onf'inV; KpOO. C-'orXr \ltmbcrt--
.-'        ��� ��� Ue'pt.   N-55t-j-1 j-F-Rr.5Np,-<'A'..ij'Oi:N'l_l. r       ���'""
CRT THIS OUT AND SENT) IT
3*55*
San-Maid RaUm Grower*,
Dept. N-5-54-31, I'resnc.,'California.   ,' '
' Please; send me copy of your free book,
''Recipes Tilth Raisins.'",.      ...   _-.."-���"-������
STr.rr.T-_
:';..-5!rovlnoe
____:""'__J
���z.zL^-s.s*~<:sK.-raxiaraSi
T ft.BBUpu, _)ii--..v f-.y_v.--T>-'''"'""���
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THE     LEDGE,     GREENWOOD,     B.     C.
N     V_|
any Lives Lost
In Mine Disaster
Cumberland, li.C.���The lives of oC!
men were snuffed out as the result cf
the explosion in No. fi mine Thursday
evening, according to a statement: given out by officials of the -Canadian
Collieries, Limited. 'Thirty-one bodies have been recovered and two remain in the -mine. Seventeen-of file
victims are white-men and the remainder Orientals���mostly Chinese.
The cause of lhc explosion is
shrouded in mystery. On the occasion ofthe last explosion in the same
mine, in August last, a broken cable
leading to tin electric drilling machine .struck the spark wliich ignited
the gas. in the latest disaster,, however, no drilling, machines were, in
operation, and the nearest electrically
driven'- machinery���tho pump anil compressor���were not more than one hundred .feet from the scene of the explosion ancl neither were in operation
tit the time.
The slowness of ilie investigation
and  recovery of. victims was  due  to
the neces.sily of removing large heaps
of fallen rock, caused by the cave-in,
ami the'Vescue work was interrupted
frequently because of the' hick ���of
ventilation.
In the Cumberland hospital arc
JJir:.a white men, suffering from the
effects of after chimp, who had been
reported dead. They are It. Brown,
J. Gibb and J. Weber.' They are.
making a gallant fight i'or f life, .but
thc-ir recovery is doubtful.   .~
The whole town and district is in
mourning. A coroner's jury has l^een
empanelled and the first steps in probing the cause of tiie explosion 'which
snuffed out nearly two score lives will
betaken. In addition to the coroner's investigation/a full enquiry into
lho disaster will bo held by the Government, and it was announced from
Victoria that lion. William Sloan has
ordered an exhaustive and complete
investigation. He has instructed
George .Wilkinson, former Chief Inspector of Mines, to proceed at once.
Greek Military Posts Attacked
Bulgaria   Uneasy   Over   Cessation   of
Conference at Lausanne'
Sofia.���-Ad.vices    Iron*,   the   frontier
declare the activity of irregular bands
in -Thrace....is on the increase ttntl that
several Greek military posts along '.i.e.
Maritza River nnd in the interior,weie |
al incised.      Th'e ' Greek  troops under-'j
taking measures in reprisals, tire said i
to have occupied several points along j
the Marirza and near the Adrianoule I
station of Karagatch.
The Turk ish and Bulgarian popu-1
latum of'Thrace is reported, on the
move toward the Bulgarian frontier.
The' concentration of' the .-Greek
troops in Western Thrace is said to
have been completed.
'������ The Greek military authorities are
reporlcd-to liave punished 200 Greek
oilicers for laxness in discipline.
Much uneasiness exists among the
Bulgars over the possible couse-
riuencefs of cessation- of peace negotiations at'Lausanne.
WESTERN   EDITORS
Advocates Measures
To Aid the Farmers
U. S. COMMISSION WILL NOT FAVOR
OTHER NATIONS MORE THAN BRITAIN
Washington.���The U.S.' debt, commission does not desire to make more
favorable, terms with thc debtor nations than are embodied in the settlement agreement reached with the
Uritish Government, the House Ways
and Means Committee was told by
Representative Burton, Republican,
Ohio, a member of the committee.
Legislation which would give effect
to the British debt commissions was
introduced by 'Representative'." Burton
in the form of a general amendment to
the existing debt funding-law and
and would approve and authorize the
British settlement. ln addition it-
would authorize settlements similar
In terms, with other governments indebted to this eoimtri "subject to tho
approval of Ihe president."
ln its present form the bill was declared to be satisfactory to neither the
majority nor the minority of the committee. Republican members wanted
the specific terms oi' the British settlement setout in the amendment.
Democrats'on the committee regard
the proposition authorizing the commission to make settlements witlilhe
other nations similar in terms to the
British agreement as leaving the-door
wide open'������ for. much more liberal-
agreements. , Their chief objection,
luTwevcr, was to the section authorizing future settlements subject, only- to
the approval of the president. Their
argument was that, pending such de-
ci.--ion, Congress, would remove its control lrom the remainder of the foreign
debt aggregating about 6,000,000,000
dollars.
Soviet Decides Against Wav
Leaders  Believs   Russia   Needs  Peace
For Her Reconstruction
Moscow.���Soviet leaders in a series
of conferences held during the past
fortnight,    have    definitely    decided
against Russia's participation  in tiny
, European or Near Eastern war growing out. of ihe Ruhr or Lausanne situations, tlie coi respondent learns.
Russia will del end herself if at tacked, but will take no active part in a
conflict outside her own territory, even
fo aid German workers should a revolution develop iu Germany. .Russia';'
leaders believe that she needs peace
- for her reconstruction aud want her
io be in the position to play a profitable neutral role in the European war
which some believe will be inevitable
sooner or later.
Keeley Ore Creates Sensation
Northern Ontario Silver Strike Richest in Modern Mining History
Cobalt, Ont.-���One side off a vein of
.the Keeley, mine is plated with a
sheet; of pure-silver from a nuarter-
inch to au 'inch thick; This exhibition of sterling* silver is twelve feet.
long ancl is-exposed for a height of
ejght fec-t ancl "may be higher. Oil
the othqr side it is ore live feet thick,
running."one-quarter silver. No such
sensational ore has ever before been
located in Northern Ontario. Mining
men with international-knowledge and
experience say that this find in the
Keeley, IS miles from Cobalt, is the
richest silver deposit in modern mln-'
ing history. ' 7    ,
.At the mine it is anticipated that
eight hours', work and $25 worth of
dynamite will blow out 1-10,000 ounces
of silver worth $100.000���five tons of
solid silver.
Wm. X.,Jones, Editor and Proprietor
of The Pioneer, llawardcn, Sask.
Cost of Living Increases
Damage From Tidal Waves
Total Loss In Hawaii Estimated at
"     ' '     $500,000
Kahului. island'of Maui, T.M.��� Revised estimates of damage done hero
by a-series of tidal waves, placed the
tottil loss in tiie neighborhood v.f
$500^000.
The beach is- littered with lumber
for miles, but tho damage fo roads an.l
scows 1 brown up on. the beach is not
thought lo be as heavy as first estimated.
Cost of Federal Elections '
Ottawa.���Federal genera! elections
of 1021, when the King Government
was returned to powpj^ cost the Dominion oi Canada a total of ? 1.739,-
9SS.92, according lo "ilm auditor-geu
oral report for the fiscal year, ended
March 31. 11)22. The forfeitures id
election deposits totalled $39.-100
Germans On Rations
Population   in   Ruhr  District  Will   3s
Restricted in Their Diet
Duesseldorf.���The French occupational authorities are devoting much of
their time, energy and efforts to organize shipments of coal by rail and river
from the Ruhr area to France. Tli,\v
are making slow pi ogress., however,'
the shipbienls averaging under 5,000
tons daily ot coal and coke.
The food situation is growing worse,
despite the report of Dr. Luther, the
German iood administrator, that there
are Hour and cereals enough to last
until March 15. .The .Germans are
preparing a schedule of 'restrictions
which arc. to bc enforced beginning
-Monday.
Th?sc , will include prohibition
against lhe serving of eggs for breakfast, and meat will be permitted nl
only one meal a day.
Warning For Turks
Allies- Demand Withdrawal of Order
Regarding Warships
Constantinoplef^-The British light
cruiser Curacao," -with .Rear-Admiral
Nicholson nboardfhas entered Smyrna
haibor.. The Admiral called ori tho
Turkish' military commander and
warned him of the responsibility that
would be involved iu any act of hostility.
The - Allied commissioners have
handed tho Kemalists a-'new note,
demanding withdrawal of the obnoxious order against the presence of
foreign warships at Smyrna.
Uto Janeiro.���Lt. "Walter Ilinton, the
I'nited Stales aviator, arrived here
Feb. S, completing his seaplane flight
from New Vork to Rio Janeiro.
French Are Taking
Strong Measures In
The Ruhr Situation
Agents  01   the   coyiiniuee   aie   cir-
Aid For Soldier Settlers
Great War Veterans' Want Royal
Commission to Get Facts
Winnipeg.���The report of the agricultural committee adopted at the provincial convention of the Great War
Veterans* Association here urged that
every effort be made to secure a thorough investigation of soldier settlement conditions nl once, and recommended that all possible steps be taken to have a complete investigation
made by ihe royal commission on re-
cstnblishment now louring Canada.
The" report stated that there was
general hardship and distress among
soldier set Tiers, due chiefly to crop
failures and adverse market condi-t
tions, and recommended that, the superintendent oi" each district should
have discretionary powers .10 carry
over .such settlers during Their time
of stress, in order to save iheir local
credit.     *   '   -
Will Secure Fortune
Seattle-Bookkeeper Heir to ��150,000
English Estate   "
Seattle.���bookkeeper and gcneial
ollice assistant at a small plumbing'
establishment here, Mrs. Catherine K.
Mortiboy, wife of p. drug clerk,, loid
frlends'she had inherited an estate in
Hull, -England, valued at "��150,000.
The estate was left her, she .said, _by
Mrs. Catherine Wilkinson, a third
'cousin, whom she had never seen, but
with whom she had corresponded fiv
.many-years.������ - -     ��� -    -
"Mrs. Mortiboy stiid she planned to
continue her- work here. She came
to Sealtlo-from Lethbridge. Alberto.
Severn I years ago.
Figures for January Show Advance
Over December
Ottawa.���The cost of riving is again
increasing. Tlie average cost of a
weekly family budget covering 2.)
staple foods in sixty Canadian cities,
was $10.52 at tlio beginning of January, as compared with ?10.'J9 at the
beginning of December, 1922, according to figures Issued hy the Department of Labor. Iu January,--1922, the
same family budget cost ?11.03, as
compared with $7.73 in January of
19.1.-1, and $16.92 in June, 1.920, the
highest point reached.
.Including the cost of ftiel and rent
with that of foods the cost averaged
$21.18 for January .as compared with
$20.97 for December and $21.52 for
January hist year. '
.       '    V.     ��� -���:-     -
Fatal Gas Fumes
Employees of Consumers' Gas Co.
Meet Death-in Toronto
Toronto.���Two men are dead, six
are in hospital and a dozen others are
ill "in their homes as a result,of being
overcome by gas at the plant of the
Consumers' Gas Company. Fivencm-
ployees of the firm .who descended
into the valve chamber to attach a
"booster" pipe to keep the.pressure at'
normal were, met by a rush of gas
from tin eighteen-inch-' main as ��� soon
as the cut. was. lnade,-:'..the. flow'noi
having been':.'cut offV���-��� They, were 'nl?.
most immediately overcome and five
others who wont io their rescue also
mot death in the gas-laden chamber.
Bank Robbers Failed
-Vancouver.���A determined effort to
rob two stiics at tho Royal Hank,
Steveston, proved a failure, but the
office was wrecked by thc explosives
tiaed, telephone wires were cut, and
the little fishing Ullage was terrorized
by shots fired by the five men iiiipli
cated in (he attempt.*
Th�� robbers found one safe empty
and lhe other was partly wrecked,
but not opened by the blast. The men
escaped. .
j Progressive Member for ��wift Current'
! Offers Some Criticism j
J Ottawa.���A. J. Lewis (Progressive,
i Swift Current), in debate in the
j House, referring-to immigration, said
! that in the last census decade the 11a-
I tural increase over deaf lis in spite of
j war ami ihfluen__u, was. apprbxiumtely
i 1,500,000. In addition there, were 2,-
j 000,000'iminigrants in the same period.
The country lost 2,000,000 people-,
i just as many as came in. What was
I the use ofj-earing a family in Canada
I and trying to keep" abreast'of llie
country's natural development if, tit
the .same time one goi no fun her
j ahead. ;
In order to maintain the price of
wheat and to make if possible I'or the
incomer to make a living, he advocated measures to preserve the iden-
lity of Canadian Avheat in foreign
markets and he favored ihe completion of ihe Hudson Day Railway lo
provide another outlet.    ,
lleVlid not agree wiih ilie eulogies
wliich had been uttered on the Government's course in thc Near Kast.
He condemned lhe practice by which
postage stamps were used in the
payment of stamp taxes. A special
stamp should be used for that:-purpose so that the peoplo would know
that their money was going to reduce thc burden of the debt and not
to increase the income of tlie Post
Office Department.
He urged ou the Government: the
need of" economy, and said he was
not at ail surprised by the sub-amendment: moved by Mr. Shaw. Groat
Britain and the. United States were
living within- their income; Canada
should do the same.
The House adjourned.
Saskatchewan Will
Assist In Furthering
���     \t ���������-.���'������'���.'������.'  *7
Wheat Board Project
"-t.
To Stop Liquor Export
Italy Arrests Communists
Police'Have Evidence of Plot Against
.    Fascisti Government
Rome.���The authorities are continuing to take into custody large numbers of Communists cm charges of
plotting against the 'safety of the
state. In the province of Ancoli
alone 297. persons have been arrested.
Those 'apprehended at various points
include former 'mayors, lawyers'.and
professors.
As a result of the numerous arrests
of Communists and agitators throughout Italy the. police have gained irrefutable evidence, they say, of a vast
plot for the'overthrow-of ihe Fascisti
Government;.    .-'.''   " _��� v'y. ���
Manitoba       Government       Considers
Measure to Prevent Export  From
o      Province
Winnipeg.���--Tho' Manitoba Government is considering the passing of an
order-in-council requesting the Dominion Government, to apply the Canada- Temperance Act 1.0 Manitoba ;m
is applied to Saskatchewan,'- in order
10 prevent llie'exportation of. liquor
from this province.
The Government of Saskatchewan
asked the federal authorities hist
year to put an end lo ilie existence
of liquor export warehouses in that
province, and the Dominion Government, acting under the Canada Temperance Act, passed on order-in-
council prohibiting the export of
liquor from Saskatchewan, as from
November 15. Saskatchewan is the
only "dry" province which has asked
the prohibition of liquor exports.
It is contended that,-should tho
province vote "wet" at the coming
referendum, Manitoba, being no
longer, a "dry" province, the export
warehouses could bo established, as
iu llriiish Columbia, where the Government failed in the courts to maintain a monopoly of liquor import aiul
export.        . "v
.* The view is expressed that; a
"Moderation" regime In Manitoba
would result: in the advent of the
export house, tho rum-runner, highjacker and���probably the bank bandit.
Opium Seized at Manilla
Maui Li.-^-Customs ollicials .seized
opium valued at $125,000 in a Manila
warehouse. The drug, the oilicers
1 declared, had been shipped Irom Hong
Kong concealed between lajers of
dried futit.
���"-Canadiah.'Saifors Get Priz.-, Money.-.
Ottawa.���Tho Canadian naval authorities are distributing over $ 100,000
in prize money growing out of the
seizures mado by the navy during the
war. There arc 5,070 oilicers and
men who served in the Koyal Canadian Xavy and auxiliary services dining ihe war who are entitled to naval
prize money. The fir-si payment
totalling $!57,,300 has- been nearly
completed and ilie second payment.of
?2I3S,600 is t\ell under way.
Invasion of Ruhr Costly
Germany May Refuse to Bear Expanse
Of Occupation
Berlin.���French occupation of fhe
Ruhr up to and including February -1
cost approximately 37-1,009,000. marks
in supplied furnished by the Germans,
according to figures announced in oflicial "quarters.- Tliere is'some discussion as to whet her France or Germany
ultimately .will bear this expense. The j of the 1923 .wheat board
German  newspapers   contend    it;    ns | 7 ��� ��� ~
French liability. The occupation was i
not authorized by international law or '
the ���.Versailles treaty,'''they say. .i
Jlegina.���No time is being Ios< by
the Saskatchewan Government in 'ak-
ing ..initial steps necessar> to do its
share in making possible the opciatiou
of.ii. compulsory wheat board to handle
the .192:1 crop in co-operation with the
other prairie provinces and the Federal House. 'f
This question was brought to the
front in a notice-ot'.motion b> Premier Chas. A. Dunning an,d Hon. A. P
McNab immediately the opening foi
maliiies in connection with ihe inauguration of tho third session ol tho
fifth legislature had been disposed 01
in ihc.Saskatchewan Asseniblj.
The.motion is in the naiuic ol tin
authorization of llie Assembly 10 .he
Government of this province to re
quest the Federal Government to extend its wheat; board legislation loi
one year; to notify the Manitoba. Go-. -
ernment of thc.Saskatchewan Go-win-
inont's intention to renew lor one \etu
_ ��� .
ihe provincial wheat, board legislation
and to communicate to the Mani'ob.'
Government the Saskatchewan Go\
ermnent's wilingness fo comply .\iib
Premier Bracken's stipulations le-
speciing lho evolution of a cooperative method of marketing lor ^tibno-
quent years, "but without in an> M.n
restricting discussion and co opeiation
to the precise type of 01 gam/at ion
outlined by the premier of Manitoba "
Premier Bracken made his Go\eni
ment's ���participation in lompul-orj
wheat board legislation for 1923 nop
contingent upon co-operation between
the governments'and farmers' org.uu
/.ation of fhe three prairie pio'uncpo in
expressing a desire to endeator 10 develop, "a purely co-operathe. nonprofit, non-compulsory organization t.i
handle subsequent crops." This is
set: forth in the preamble 01 Premier
Dunning's. resolution .as ������well as I Vernier P.raeken's other conditions in
volviug extension of wheat bo.nd
legislation for one year by the Albivt.i.
Saskatchewan and Fedeial Goaoiii
ments, and assurance lhat suitable
men could be secured to take charge
Winter Navigation
fRepqrls have '.reached here that ihe.
homo..-.of the Tvi-jipp family has been
occupied and is-used by three'generals, seventeen o'lier obiccis and their
stall's.
Russia May Befriend Turkey
But    Persecutions    at    Angora    Must
- Cease  Says   Moscow  Paper
Tug -
Boat  Clears  from   Fort   Wt'liam
.and Steams Out Into Open
7 "-'        Laks ....
"Fun William, Cut.���Lake navigation
is open. *   At nine    o'clock    on    ihe
morning ol Feb. 7th,  the tug. Sn.il'i-
bogie, ot ihe Great Lakes Tian��poj(,.
lion   Company,  cleared     the    h.ubti.
steamed out into Thunder Ya\\ , and hj
noon was outside Ihe cape, bieat-iiitg
Lake Superior, heading lor Silver 15-
Moscow.--Tho seini-ofllciul I/.vesd._, 1 land, about 20 miles from this pott.
Irish Raiders Attack Villag
Bomb    Buildings    In    Reprisals    For
Death of Comrade
ttelfasl.���Fifty laideis imaded lhe
village of Beltiiibet. County Cavan,
bombed the bank and other business
buildings, assassinated a teacher uf
Goalie, killed a store clerk named
Kyiin, and wounded Kyan'.s employer,
a message from Jlelmrbrt states. Vvoc
State troops were summoned but did |
not arrive until a ft or tlie raiders had;
left. i .    '' -  j"
The mid is described as in rcpii-Tili
for the shooting or1 a raider following
an attack on the Deltnrbel post ollioc >
a Sornight ago. ,       ' I
Dynamite Kills One
Vancouver.--Archie Campbell was
instantly killed and W. Sjmcock was
seiioutily lnjmed when 'a charge ol
dynamite exploded prcmaiurelj af the
University site Feb. (i. Tho men were
engaged in dealing the land.
American Troops Horns From Europe
Siivanni.b. Ga The last of the
United Slates forces-have come home
irom Kurope. signalizing the clo.-in-..
action of the 1'niicd Staler' participation iu tlie war.
Son Born to Princess Mary
London.���A son was born-to Princess Mary, wife ot Viscount Lascelles,
on Feb. 7. Although the father is not
0! ro>al rank, the Lascelles baby will
bc styled "Prince" by virtue of his
mother's royal birth, but will not havo
the appellation of "Iloyal Ilighnes.-."
customarily attached -lo Piinces .'11
l��i ii a in.
J ���"���Letter to League
Liile, France.--The congress 01 the
j'Frencli Socialist puriy. in which Drit-
ish, German, llclginn and nalian,'So-
ciulibt lcndeiB also are participating
hcr<". has addressed tin open letter to
the League of Nations declaring ii ih.j
League's dtuj to attenipi fo .-.etT'e the
rcparui io��_> quest ion.
commenting on lho reported rupture
of the. Lausanne conference, sh\.->:
"Henceforth Turkey will be compelled
to unite villi Soii._t  llusMa  in  intc-r-
1 nalional relations.
i The paper declares that l_ti.-.si:t!_
iriendship would et en safeguard Ta.'-
key fiom a war, as Great Hiilain and
Greece, knowing this, would hesitate
before relighting lhe war torch in the
Near   K.-.st,   but   again   predicts   ihai
I Turkey may Jo-.v* Kus.sia's iriendship
if idie persecutes eomiiiuni--is al
Angora
Find Second Victim
VicioriaT���The remains 0! a second
\ieum ot the steamer Alaskan, lost
with all hands off Puchena Da:. , January 2, were found buried in the be.tcli
sands at the same .sj>of wliere the first
body was found two days after ihe
dis-asi^r      It has not been identified.
Royal Wedding April 26-
l.ondon.- The dati: has been sei lor
the wedding ot ihe Duke of York and
I.:'.d> Llizabet'i Dowo-,-Lyon. - 11'will
take pl.it'c ai W. siniinsler Abb^N,
April 2<!
Irish Castle Burned
j Dublin.���Castleboro, the magnificent
and historic residence of Lord Cnrew.
near Fmiiscoi thy. was completely dev
iro>ed by tire, Feb. o, by armed raiders. ' The "damage is c-siimaied at
mon1  than   ,C 100,000,
��� This is iho annua] FebniPiy demoe-
stration. staged by John Dell, )oe,.j
manager oi the Playfair interests, ih.il
the lake may be navigated legaidle.,.,
01 the season. Only the nanow approaches to rivers and shoals leal'.y
give any trouble. The outside lake 5,
nlway*. on thc move. On the tug weie
representative citizens. Cipl.-in Angus Morrison commanded. Thc -\Oi-
age was commenced in modeinto winter weather, following one of the
severest, cold spells in years, the thermometer registering 2o to 10 below-
zero tor days. No diiliculty was experienced in pushing through the ihira
foot ire-olusi in.	
French Cannot Enter Zone
Loudon.���Britain ha-- sent a note to]
France llatly declining to permit train.: j
manned by French uoops, to lra\er.io'
(he Drilisii Rhineland zone.      Ii w.Vsi
filiating licclj in the   Jtishr,   especial- "learned on   highest  authority      The
lj   irom Klberleld, whicli is less than   Dritis.i i_ot- Mtggested such trains h
two'miles from the extreme advance j diverted.      The    communication    au ]
posts of the French occupation at Dor- j swers a.Frencls uote asking what \icw j
'ihe"!3iitai>h would    take
Dussd.lorf.���Thc death penalty will
bc inflicted on Germans caught in ihe
act 01 tampeiing with railway equip
ment, signal boxes or taking part in
other acts of sabotage endangering the -.���-..,
_��� .. j,     r- 1'     ;��� ���  ���     riim Troon*;     rf.uu.lotelv     eiu-iiv-tf' tllc-'Ulitillsn   would     t.iUc     ot     troop
lives of travellers, the I-rench autliou-   Ucli' jiih>ps    umipjcici..     iiiuic.c , ... _
ties announce - "        KlbeiTcR lho line limning from Dor-, manned,! rains, in tie w <>t the stril.-i c f,
Sennits have been ordered  to-fue ! nalrio Vohy.inklc. thence southeast ;0j^f>""un jjiI worker:-. . \
to kill  upon  anv person approaching j I-�������P. tben to Donberg to the norm I .          "~\   y r
raiiwae'erossings, tower    houses    01 \;ill,J D^in w"��t (o Wulfrath.      People, A.rpl.ine  Saved  Man':  L ifs }
: talioiiSr and refusing to halt after rhe r��n U'e newl> occupied area are in sull-      chailcioiv, Midi -A   I niicd S1..1  V
��� u.tomai}   challenge. , c" ,n,)0tI- ��-fusing (0 halt  the street   army   tight ins   machine   ami   mctlir..! ]
The French say that these nuMsures j rai"15' or -^u^ occupation officer--- science, save-! ihe lite 01 Jessie Cole '
aie m-cessan owing i<> increasing des-. Tho-v 1!3f,lle ^'"J nttcuipt to render a woodsmau, who was injuied 0.1 I
uucii\cne��/o_i the part 0) Un* Ger- ithe Hie of the troops unbearable. Thejnea'.er Island, an inaccessible dot m1
,..alls, - 'women  toik ha\e been threarened by j i^ke Michigan, which. ph>siei-_h- weie'[
General ]ipgo_i.it> .'.\pl.iimd that tbc.7tho Uli,1'% ��'^����.'nt with fhom heads if.'nnable lo readi bei-atise of i-e condi-|
i,iilit:,rv   law - pi inido-, capital  punish-  ^-^ -pcakinij with Fiencli officers ar.d j tion.-.   until    an   airplane va    1 ailed j
'obiicrs-       ^ ,  ' ' into =��5nic*. -      - i
Fiench    con'tot    of,   the    i.iilroads    -        '  ,  |
.uoun.i Kbetfeld previ nt-f Cie expojtl Wts-lunEton.,- \ piototoi ain-j bc-n j
ol any coal 10 SouiUin Geimr-n;.. signed b\ U��e I'nitrcl Starts, s.nd Cosia I
The G(.im:<n< !i3\e not ai.*empt��il  joiKic.i    eliminating   differences  "dating.
���ner.i lor Mid: ofl'c-nee-- and iledarcd
thai if ihe (Jtrnrins. in obejing the
onU'i-- of "1 be cotnniiitee lor de-iem/
unO. reprisals in Uie 1111111." pci-i.-�� in
the'-i'' t>iiir.!g����\ no m*rey will be
showi. ���
tSLZZ��� !*,K ~ *
iVV *\'.    L.
pas- dial ibiougb i'_. (Citlon. b'
to slip bj with a ^"-c.-.r ti .i-i c .
v hi< h v.. s co_i:i- 'ated.
uk-!, bp.c-k   man}   j"ar< anil   affecting   tiie {
" r.' 1! ! possible  future  ile-wlripiiicnt     <*i,   th.-j
' JCicai.muan  inter oc^ahie' < ;>nil  ioui<   {
Millionaires On Cruise -
JN'ew Vork.���Tiie liner Maurelauia,
chartered at a cost of $1,250,000, sailed with iiI7 millionaires and near millionaires on the most costly pleasure
cruise'ever arranged in New Vork.
The cruise, across the Atlantic and
through- tho  Mediterranean,  will  last.
(jn   dn>s.     -Members   who   wish,   will
1
have the opportunity of visiting,
among other places, the tomb of King
Tutenkhamen. now being excavated at
Luxor, Kgvpt.
Sir George Foster
Addresses Senate On
The Economic Situation
������ K-_Jcr_���� tittle ofies suit ;sd cf hie crati���
- cior^lpud Finn ivlf
Ottawa --Sir   Geo    Foster   f-pokc   iTi
Jboiti French ami F.uglidi in resumiim
the debate 011 tho address in the sen
are. The main burden of In; ������-ppcdi
1 whs' the  piesen'   economsc. .-siuatioi'.
which he traeed bail; to win and nil
' w.i\s as its-leading inures.
; 'With our j-ailways," he said, "we
' shotiM bear the luud'm with iip*c
��� tantin of stiei es-s We hail imposed
' 1 ln^ war debt on o;n_-che- and siioti* I
-earn ii with the same spirii 1li.ii w��>
I had tallied on the wai
Some     could     nul   undei siii.'i'l   wIp,
wiih our tvfoin (c��, 0111 economic -ii-
! mu ion  -hciuUl be such ac to  pu.Jucc
tineniiilOMiienl and want. lie said
jour vf-onices weie producthe onl>
I when tliere w,t.i- a < tm��u_nipiii e d.-1-
1 m.ind. and thai w^ onl> jio-bibie
, when the vorld v.,i5 in a condition io
|puicha.-e and con-inn's Th'> demand
'irom   loreicn  coun'iit-.  had been f.M
off. Th*".e conditions would be j>'cti
1 fied h\ the coopeiM'b'n of nation-1,
1 ihc patience- of our wn people, and
ihii'i. economy and sell,denial by p< 1
1 scn^ and governments,
j     Sir    Ceoige   ilewed with suspicion
tht- <!'n 11 iiuiciiiV disiiiissal ol tin-
national laiiw.ii bo.ird ;mil its re
plact ment by ;i "partisan hody." lie
I believed that ii would le;t<l TO smiou-.
tumble, lor  th'e Govcinmenr.
He   protested   againsi   an''  aiteinpt
. in "liiiuiioiish modily the  "Citil    ,Scr-
\ice Act  in rthe inter- -s"-. '"oi    patron
aire."
1     On  the fpie-;Tjoi! hi   smuiisiatjcn. lie
'ir��'��gl\ , iiru.'d   tli.it    cm cry   attempt
. siiouhl    be    iimiIo    ;.�� consir. o .Can-
ad::'~    own    poopje.      lie beh.'vcd in
, ui.li,_iii_' the Sahatmu Ami;   tu biing
new   s.^iiiei's 1.1 Canada and n_-=o lli-ii"
' ve should lake ad's ant ago of thc Krir-
; i��h Goiernineni"-   cnipiie    --��"nlr>nicni
1 -clienif1-
! Senatni Pope derlaied that "we
'must \<u\o ;i gineinnieiit that: would
jgite u. .1 jwlicy ihat_ would I.eep our
, nativr-boru at iioue befoie we bring
joiiic-r pt,-opie io this country."
��� 7The wiiear bo.ird frisco of last
-e.->-i'��n was a crime again-t i!.f�� we-i.
;wl;o.-e epltndid prikiuct wa-= b>'tns;
' moved v jih inferior Americun wheat
,j and sold in compcihion v.ith csrr
' own,' he declared.
_-_J-'-*s'
s-tsa.
���ft-^j^iyywo'.^jifi���1
"iii-^TBtou*^aotfgw *l
THE    LEDGE,    GREENWOOD,    BRITISH    COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
Is .$2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
J2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
G. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices     7.00
Hstray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears ir notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
"    ���   ��� ���    ��� =^
All other legal'advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cent9 a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each Insertion.
Business locals i2^c. a line each insertion.
'!���"��� " "     " '" ��� '    - ' ���     =
The blue cross means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to'bave more money.
mission  at   present   investigatini
the export of Canadian  pulpwood
Hon. T.   D. Pattullo,   minister  oi
lands, persisted in his defence that
the best interests  of  the  industry
and of the public were being served
by permitting export in   a  limited
manner, and   he   again warned of
the   probable   retaliation   of   the
United States if an  embargo  were
placed.    He shows the folly  of interfering with a market at  present
absorbing two-thirds of the  manufactured    lumber   of   British   Columbia.
The Christmas Rush
Those who post parcels of
merchandise for the United
States should understand that
these parcels are sent by the
Canadian post offices to a United
States border customs office and
not direct to the office named in
the address. At this border
customs office the parcels are examined for customs duty. Owing
to the immense volume of business at the Christmas period
there is apt to be delay in the
handling of the parcels, and the
public are advised to post all
Christmas parcels for the United
States in exceptionally good time.
Kettle Valley Notes
  f
Mrs. Roylance, of Greenwood,
is visiting her mother, Mrs. A.
Tanner.
Dont forget the Masquerade.
Fancy dress dance under the auspices of the Women's Auxiliary on
Friday, Dec. ISth. The Banff
Orchestra will supply the music.
The Riverside Hall will be especially decorated for the occasion.
Fancy dress optional.
The Kettle Valley School Xmas
Tree will be held in the school
house on Friday Dec. 21st. Tea
will be provided from i p.m. to 5
p,m. after which the school programme will be proceeded with to
be followed by the arrival of Santa
Claus, who this year is bringing
all his presents with him. Ladies
are requested to be en time and
bring refreshments.
Midway School Report
For November
Each year the festive season of
Christmas bringSjin its train'hap
piness and rejoicing to millions of
people throughout the Christian
world, and its influence is espec
ially felt in every post office in the
land.
It is at this time letters are written to these who have been neglected during the other eleven mouth?
of the year, and as the Christmas
spirit takes ita grasp upon the
heart, memories of bygone days*
flood the mind; letters are written
to old school chums; and, to friends
of long ago���almost forgotten ���
must be sent some sign of remem
brance, if only by means of a
seasonable greeting card. Many
an acquaintance and friendship i."
renewed annually in this way, and
/ this together with the.v.cominunica
��� tions. and - packages, sent.. to .thoso
..nearer and. dearer, gof to'..make up
: ���'"'the Christmas RushV':!'-. . ,. - ���"- 7
"- -".Countless missives of-.,goo^l:will,.
"" cards".of'Christmas and New. Year's*
'. greetings,' and packages of all de;
" script-ion ^bearing tokens; of regard
and .love pass.throughfthe.hands of
postal employees, who find  them-
. selves1 called, upon/to put-.forth J an
extra VefEortf in- their .'.devotion-:-to '
."duty-.'-eo 'that, as  far as humanly
..possible, Veverybne -" may. Vrecbive
'their 'Yuletide mail 'at!vleast not-
later. .thari'V .Christmas-: mprningX
Every post .office -becomes the-busy
-channel :,through.:, tidings... of; good
��� will are distributed." xAs tlie -great-
f Day'draws near, "the  approach of
the' postman'' brings' that thrill of
expectancy only  experienced, once
-. a"year. .    - . '-. -   ��� _' - ���
A Pioneer Pension
System
.Kews"'From''the';Capital:i
.-"-;��� .Victoria,.Dec., 42.WA compre-
. tensive road programme baa been
brought down by'Vrlori. W. -,E
Sutherland,, .^minister, of. .public
works, andfa loan. bilV has. heen in:-
troduced by the finance -r minister j
v-EbnV;Jobn- Hart, ! for . 82,000,GOO,
mostly .for: .highway purposes. V It
is explained tliat most of the road-
work carried, on "next year will.be
fin the less densely, settled districts.
SettlerB* roadsTwill be; constructed
and improved.'.' wherever possible,
while a good deal of money will be
spent in,re-locations, withVa view
to overcoming dangerous -section?
_ and.shortening distances,   W;f
It. has been definitely announced
-that   construction; . will 7 be , .'com
menced next ^pririg.on the completion of.theVTr&nsprovirieial Bigbr
: way.. ;,Either ..the - Hope-Princeton
. or the Fraser .Canyon- route will bo
utilized^ The former would cost
approximately 81,000,000, and the
Fraser Canyon Highway $1,250,-
:0.00, .according to engineers?, estim,
ales. "���:-Hon. Dr.,Sufeherlandf sitafccs
that all necessary.: data ., is on "hand
and that tenders could be called fo.t
within 24 hours. . Meanwhile, it in
hoped to secure a grant from the
Dominion Government, and; until
ail preparations are completed; no
announcement ot the. route can:
fairly be" madeV "������;"-..     V.'_\.W--V-
.7 The government1 won, oat by.a
handsome major!ty[XOn. the timber
export question, and by. a vote-in
the H6use: the Legislalnre decided
to ask Ottawa: to . have .She" whole
matter referred to the royal coni~
The Canadian Pacific Railway is
this year celebrating the twentieth
anniversary qf the.foundation of the
Company's system of pensions for
the employees.
It was in 1902.that the Board of
Directors, under the Presidency of
Lord Shaughnessy, looked into the
future for the benefit of those who
were laying the foundations of the
service that was to take so large a
part in the up-building of Canada.
In December, 1902, the directors
passed a resolution stating that a
time had come when provision should
be made for officers and permanent
employees who, after long years of
faithful service, had reached an age
when they were unequal to the
further performance of their duties,
and announcing that a plan of superannuation had been determined upon.
The plan was a generous one.
The Company provided all the money
necessary, and the employees were
not called upon to contribute to it
in any way whatever, In 1.903 when
it-was first put-into effect Canadian
Pacific, employees [ numbered about
40,000:, \To-day...they; "approximate
80,000,.'and -every, one -of them, from
the .humblest ^stenographer, office
boy, or "'-track'", walker" ;or" even" the
-minor employee at. some far-'off out-
postfin-China'��� or in "Europe, has .old-
age .sustenance-guaranteed so "long
as he'or-she stays- with the Company. :. -V .'VV .-_ -yX-'X ���' 'XX "���:::
Some Statistics..        _;'
.... The '.Company's'- first., contribution':
to 'the pension- fund   was '. $250,000.'
"which .was supplemented- by fannual
grants  starting." at   ��80,000'.-which
hav^. from' time- to ..time,, been in-'
creased, until foVsome yeafsvpast"it
������has been"$500,000 annually. .To""the,"
���end of. 1922 -the Company. had con-
-tributed a total;.of: $4,715,000.to the
fund.while payments oripensions.fhad
amounted   to '.$3,857,802,"- leaving " a
,-balance to the credit of the'fiind of
$1,640,1037  In'-1922 the' total'pay-,
;mehts." made-amounted- to .$508,061,.,
and at Oct,ob:er:lst:of this year the;
.;t"otal "number of-the Company's pensioner's, was. 1,182,-feach, of .-whom"
���was ; drawing ;an"J"average of' $35.92'
per"month. .It" is "of interest'to note
that-since, the pension fund became
operative,:.877 pensions have'become
inoperative th'rough-the death of the
-beneficiaries'.-'--.-.-��� - :"-."-,��� vr ��� ~'-;Z- -:.- ���
, - Haying in. view-conditions .of increased'living costs which thenf prevailed the world over, the Company
���in 1919 -allowed ..the pensioners, an
additional;-bonus of-twenty-five per
cent- ;of-.; their 'regular.'allowance.
This-went/into effect on.May 1st of"
-that .-year,-and" continued until the
"end.of 1922;- -In view of. the modi--
fi'caftio'n:of '.'the- condition that made'
,it necessary, that bonus,is this year.
set' "at twenty, per cent,".' '". ���"-'.'. --- ���--'_���
;:,. Kept in Canada-. .:.'���"'-���"
.: By< far the  greater-part "of this.
.money is, of-'-course . distributed' in
Canada,'just as is,"the case.with the
Company's.-   va'st..' payroll   of"-'-over1'
$.10.0,000,000.annually, and the manyf
millions- it'  yearly   spends   on.the
purchase of supplies"-under the pol-f
icy. of .'distributing' as -much of. its7
expenditure   as   is ���- possible   in .'the
country-it-exists" to .'serve.-....
.'  Tho .operation"- of "the.-fund: is> simV
.plicity. itself.-r- Upon . reaching"' the.
age of-C5--eyeryf ehiployee who has;;
joined the .staff.before -reaching the
age of forty is entitled-to'retirement
;-if the "Company so' desires, and can
claim a pension, of-.one-per" cent, of
the"' aye rage,, monthly" pay- received
for the'-',ten. year's   preceding retire-
mentfor" every, year'in, which he! has
been "in the -Company's serviceVThis
is as. the, system" was/.first devised'
twenty -years :ago,'.and .there-has
been.but one amendment to'its pro-,
visions.-   In 1908 it- was found, that'
,in some .cases   the   amount  of the
.pension   so  calculated  was  insufficient to protect the.recipient against,
want-as -was-intended, and-fit .was
. provided; that from' thenceforth "the."
..minimum- .amouht-.'of.f pension- paid-
��� would be $20 per.month.  '
...'   Fosters  Efficiency .
-' That this system has been a big
; factor in fostering the efficiency so
".largely.' identified   with     Canadian
Pacific operation is undeniable. Mr.
E.. W.-   Beatty,   President   of'the
Company,..speaks of it-not only as
- a" prime - necessity in these days of
sociological progress, ��� and as an inherent, right of those who give live3-
:' of -faithful work to Canadian Pacific.
"service, "but. also ' a3--one   of   the:
..thihgs^tbat has helped to'bring into
existence'.the high  standard'of cooperation  that -exists .-between -all
branches ..of .the. Company's service,
'""It is' helping'to-make' contented em-
. ployees," says Mrf' Jteatty^ "and that
is the first-requisite til. faithful, effi��
-Heat seryice/'r" XX'XxZ x.y.:y.yZ"X >'
27
26.31
Miss Isabel Keir, Teacher
No. enrolled
Percentage of attendance
Proficiency List
Entrance: Nellie Brown, Annie
Thomet.
Grade VII:. Alice McMynn,
Rath Carr, Pearl Johnson, Leslie
Salmon, Joy Sharp.
Grade V: Kathleen Salmon,
Rosalie Brown, Roy Sharp.
Grade IV: May Sharp, Kenneth
Stewart, Mayneen Bush, Johnny
McMynn, Verna Evans.
Grade III: "Gladwin Sharp,
Olwen Mair, Jimmy Brown.
Grade II: Bernadine Brown,
Gladys Mitchell, Alice Mair.
Grade I: Gordon Roberts,
Lucile Evans.
Receivers: Edythe Griffin, Jack
Brown, Marion Mair, Mae Mitchell.
Here and Inere
Exports in Canada's inter-Empire
trade last month exceeded imports
by over $12,000,000. Against im-
porls from 20 countries belonging
to the Biitish Empire, amounting
to $f5,71o,000, Canada exported
goods   amounting   to   $27,888.01)0.
Noeil Victor Pearnehough, aged
seven weeks, son 'of a farmer of
Morrin, Alberta, the youngest child
on record^ to travel alone, left
pool, England, in charge of officials
"of.-.the- Canadian- Pacific .-Railway
and- :SteamshipV Lines ::throughout,
the trip.-""-'  ' 7,"   '..":   '- ; -".    -���',"
;' An, experiment":in. shipping -Canadian- peaches ' tp- -England -has
proven" successful. -. The.. - peaches
were paeked. in- small.- boxes'���' and
placed in - cold storage, - reaching.
London in, fine condition; . There is"
-likelihood'of[an increased-demand
. for "Canadian- peaches..   '-'    '���-   . '-
Representative of-.-.the- best'sheep
and  swine iblood;of Great .'Britain,.
33 "animals - imported from, the .Old
".Country arrived in .Regina,"- Saskatchewan," recently.'-   There  were- 19
."sheep and 16?h'ogs-fin the shipment.
��� The.,-animals   were: -bought  by,. the
.government-'for farmers in .the pro-
��� vince."   '."'7 7 : ������;""       -.-���..-  ; ""- '���'"
'' -Canada's; highest, lookout' station'
has   been   completed-'.and   will- be
vrea.dyffor.use next .year.^. -It "is sit-f
"uated oh- Mbuht'Cartie'rVnea'r "-Revel-"
stoke; British-.Columbia, ;and-is 8,623
feet above'sea-level. .'It will befused"
for the detection of forest fires.and"
for liieteorological-fand other '.observances;' , - -' ���        '     ~ ;;..
Electric Traffic Cop at Railway Intersections
DEAFNESS CAN
BE CURED
DEAFNESS. NOISES IN THE HEAD,
AND NASAL CATARRH..
. The new Continental remedy called
"LARMALENE" (Regd.j
is a simple harmless home-treatment
which absolutely cures 'deafness,
noises In the head, etc NO EXPENSIVE APPLIANCES NEEDED for this
new .Ointment, instantly operates
upon the affected parts with complete
and permanent success" SCORES OF
WONDERF.UL CURES REPORTED.
,       RELIABLE TESTIMONY
" Mrs. K. Wilkinson, of Slad Road, Stroud,
wrttes:���"Plense could I trouble vou to send me
another box of the Ointment. It'is not for iny--
self, but for a friend of mine who isas bad as I- -
was, and cannot g-et any rest for the noises in
the head. I feel a new woman, and can g-o to
bed now and pet a good night's rest, which I
have not ' becn able to do for many
months. It is a wonderful' remedy and am
most delighted to recommend it."
Above.���Interior of the Canadian Pacific West mo
tower, showing the control levers and the illutnl
light bulbs appearing as black spots.
��� Right.���Exterior of tower with view of tracks show!
signals switch plant.
From statistics which cover all railroads and cities on
the North American Continent it has been adduced
that pedestrians on city streets are much more liable
to meet with an accident than are the travellers by tram,
yet few of those who rely upon the railroads to carry them
with safety and despatch from one place to another
appreciate the enormous amount of energy and money
which is expended annually on the installation and maintenance of the myriad-safety appliances and devices
which insure the safe and quick handling of rail traflic.
Because, with few exceptions, every industry contributes
to the upkeep and operation of the railroads, science of
late years has contributed more to railroad engineering
than to anything other than medicine. As new appliances
are evolved, so they are tested for their practicability,
and being found serviceable are placed, into use. That
Canadian railroadf are not behind those of other countries
in the adoption of improved appliances is evidenced by
the fact that the Canadian Pacific Railway has recently
installed electrical Interlocking Plants at all points
where its rail crossings were unprotected along the line
from Montreal to St. John, N.B., and at various points
elsewhere. These ebctrically operated plants at points
where the lines of two companies cross, eliminate all
danger of trains crashing into one another at crossings,
and considerably facilitate train movements.
Electrically operated interlocking plants have been
operated by this Company for many years, and
although not actually revenue bearing they have afforded
an additional degree of safety, which can hardly ^be
reckoned in dollars and cents. As an instance of what
these plants are and do:���trains approaching Montreal
from all over the continent, with a few exceptions,
converge at Montreal "West, and run over the same tracks
from there to Windsor Street Station, a distance of 4.6
miles. J Taking into consideration the empty ones and
those given over to freight, it is obvious that hundreds
of traina'use these tracks daily, and it is to safely.govern
these trains that three electrical interlocking plants have
been installed, at Montreal West, Westnrount, and the
entrance to Windsor Station. .   _,; ,       ,   ��� "
The one at Westmount was last installed, replacing
the hand-lever system which controlled trains entering
or leaving the Glen Yards and using the main lines. Th.
signal tower, which houses most expensive apparatus, i.
entirely fire proof, and has two stories and a basement
The top floor contains the interlocking machine or leverr
by which the signals and switches are controlled, ar,
illuminated plan of the tracks under control and telephones giving direct communication with the towers al
Montreal West and Windsor Station and the train des
patcher and yardmaster at the Glen Yard.   -.���   .
On the ground floor is the power apparatus, the switch,
boards, relays and other necessary apparatus, and the
basement, specially ventilated, contains 55 cells of- storage
battery with a capacity of 160 ampere hours, or sufficient
to operate the plant for one week without recharging.
The track plan, directly over the levers, is electrically
lighted, and by .watching small light bulbs, the operator
is able to mark the approach and progress of all trains.
A bell rings when an approaching train is within one mile
of the plant, and continues to ring until the signal-man
clears the signals and sets the switches over the route.
The levers operating the switches and signals are so
interlocked that a signal cannot be given for a train to
pass through the plant until a route for it has been set
up, and it is impossible for a conflicting move to be made
which would endanger it or any other train. When the
operator has cleared a signal the switches are so locked
that they cannot be changed until t the train has passed
over them. Should a train be required to travel over a
route other than the one originally set up for it, the signal
man cannot make the change without operating what is
known as the "Time Release", a clockwork mechanism
which opens and closes electric ^circuits, unlocking the
levers after a time limit of from "one to three minutes..
The speed with which trains may travel over some
routes is limited, and the object of the time release is to
prevent the operator from changing the route so that a
fast train would proceed over a slow track.
This safety apparatus, unheeded by the travelling
public generally, cost a jgreat deal to iristal, and the
Canadian Pacific receives no return for this except that
which accrues through the additional safety and despatch of its trains.
Mrs. E. Crowe, of. Whitehorse Road, Croydon writes:���"I am pleased to tell you that the.-
small tin of ointment you sent t'o meat Ventnor,
has proved a complete success, my hearing is
now quite normal, and the horrible head noises
have ceased. The action of this new remedy
must be very remarkable, for I have been
troubled with these complaints.for nearly ten
years, and have had some of the very best medical advice together with other expensive ear
Instruments all to uo purpose. I need hardly say
how very grateful I am, for my life has un ler-
pone an entire change. 7
��� .������~ 11
Trj one box today, which can be forwarded
to any add res on receipt of money order for
$1.06. THERE IS NOTHING BETTER
AT ANV PRICE.      .
Address orders to:���
"LARMALENE" CO.. (H. Thomas).
"Woodlands," Bean, Dartford, Kent, Ene.
'. :-. SYNOPSIS =0F-"
LMDAGT AMENDMENTS
BAY FOR SALE
Mixed baled hay, Timothy .and-Alsike
Clover, good for cattle and horses, $20.00
per ton;- transferred or F.O.B., Greenwood.
F. Haussensr, Box 364, Greenwood, B C.
-   for:.saleV VVW;'
������-.-'Milk-:Cow,;.justj.-fre'sh," 4 years old,,
Durham', -price "S75.06.- -; -Apply Ji-C."
Madge,'Rock Creek, B.C.-
' VFOft SALE      ���:���; _
Singer hand sewing" machine, iu, run-
ning order, eight dollars cash, apply .'��� -
".= -..-    ���'-Mr'sVH."H. Pannki,!., Midway.
-.Special attraction at the Greenwood Theatre'on Friday, Dec...l4,
the proceeds in .aid of the skating
rink.. A seven reel feature Gmar
ihe Tentmakerf will be" shown'" "as
well as local talent giving selections.. : Refreshments -. will be
served and a dance held..       '
DR. H. E. GRIFFIN
'7 DENTIST   V
Has opened an office above.Cha��...
".'King's office...       .':, . y X
bperi\'o,.3oa.i__i, to 5 p.m;
TIMBER SALE X5740
---Economy and Satisfaction %
combined with Promptness |j
are the features which go to. f��
make iip the Service we give J��
our wstonnfers.
'^k$
^iUUHUUUiUiiitiaHUUi Ui^UUiUaiUUHiiUiiUiaiU
, Sealed" tenders will be received .by the Minister- pi Lands, at. Victoria,' not- later than
iiooii-ou'tUe, 20l)i d_ijv of December,'--1923, for
the -purchase- of" Licence XS740, to cut 27,000
feet.of Fir, Yellow "Pine and Tamarac,..and
6,750 Fir and Taiiidrac Ties, on an area adjoin^
ing- the iiorth houridarv of" Lot 1441s, Kettle
River; north of Rock Creek, Simllkaiueen Laud
District..--"-. " - -."    ,,    7.-    ;-���'.-[      "-   "
~ Two. (2).years vrill.be allowed , for.', removal
of timber. '. .'-'.'   -"-'���''".   -     : -       .--'-.'
'.'.Further- particulars of .the Chief Forester,
Victoria,. B.- C, or -District-Forester, Nelson,
B.C..       . '--   _ .-���.."".���.-.'      -
The Ledge can supply your
every need cin the. printing line
and -at' prices consistent with
first-class work..   - X ��� ���'
SEMI-READY
Tailored Clothes
Men'* Suits and Overcoats
For Fall and Winter  .
Splendid Assortment of New
Samples Just Arrived    .
Call and^ see theni
"���/-.-���"'-���;������at���"W;   fW
TV THOMAS
Tailor and Cleaner     7
''-.Greenwood -'."W
..The next big dance 16 be held
in the Masonic Hall will beheld
under, the auspices of Knights
of Pythias and Pythian "Sisters,
6n_New Year's EJye. ���.���'���Dance!-the'
old year but "and the New Year
in.- Bush's:!four piece melody
orchestra.-
PRE-EMPTIONS    ���
Vacant, unreserved, . surveyed
Crown lands may be pre-empted by
British subjects over 18 years of age,
'and by aliens on declaring intention
to become British subjects, ..conditional,  upon   residence,    occupation,
���and improvement for agricultural
purposes.
JFull information concerning regulations ��� regarding pre-emptions is
given in Bulletin No. 1, Land Series,
"How to Pre-empt Land," copies of
which can be obtained free of chargo
by addressing   the    Department    of
. Lands, Victoria, B.C., or to any Government ..Agent. .-..',
Records  will  be  granted  covering
' only  land  suitable   for'   agricultural
-purposes, and which- lsvnqt. timber-
land, i.e.,. carrying>over 5,000. board
feet per acre west of the Coast Range
and S,000'feet per acre east ot that
Uange.   .      ..   .������'....
'.; Applications for pre-emptions are
(>, be  addressed "to7the  Land Com-
. itissioner of th'e Land Recording Division,; in which'the land^applied for
.is situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of which can be obtained from tlie Land Commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be occupied for
five years and improvements mado
to' value of $10 per acre, including
clearing and cultivating at least five
acres, before a Crown Grant can be
received.
For moro detailed information see
-the    Bulletin    "How    to    Pre-empt
Land."'
PURCHASE
Applications are received for purchase of vacant and _ unreserved
Cro.wn lands, not being Umbcrland,
for agricultural  purposes;   minimum
- price of first-class (arable) land is ?5
per acre, and second-class (gracing)
land  $2.50 per aero. - Further infor-
.matton  regarding  purchase  or  lease
of Crown  lands  is given  In  Bulletin
No. 10, Land- Scries,. "Purchase and
-Lease -of- Grown Lands."
.     Mill, factory, or. Industrial sites on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
;.may be.purchased or leased, the con-
; dltlons     -including     ��� payment       ot
stumpage.. .     7 -''������-
'''.;,'.   V.HO.MESiTE   LEASES
... Unsuryey.ed'.areas," not exceeding 20
acres; may. be  leased  as  homesltes,
.^conditional   upon   a- dwelling   being
- erected-in" the first year, title being
��� obtainable   after  residence   and   improvement   conditions    are.-- fulfilled
and land has been surveyed.
., _..._...,_... -._^^EASESW"' '"
.. ' For. grazing "faridj industrial purposes ,areas"not exceeding. 640 acrea
. may be leased;, by. one-person or a
'--company..   .'.-.'    -..-.'-....
'���}.. -'���-'. QRAiiNG    7
7 .Under the"Grazing Act the Prov-
.Ince is. divided into grazing districts
"-and the range administered under 'x
.- Grazing -. .Commissioner. .   .Annual
grazing-permits .'are issued based on
' numbers: ranged;, priority'being given
-to established owners.  Stock-owner?
, :rriay -form   associations     for    ranc;e
-management. ' Free, orfpartialiy (roe,
. permits; are  available .for; '.settlers,
. campers', and -'travellers;;.' up   to   ten
-.'head. ���-' "--     ,''";     . -.   .""". -    ;
y): The Mineral Province of Western Canada
. Has produced Minerals valued ��s follows: Placer Gold, $76,542,203; Lode
Sold, $109,647,661; Silver, 159,814,266; Lead $51,810,891; Copper, $170,723,242;
Zinc;, 124,625,85$; Mwcellaneoiu Minerals, $1.358,83?Y Coal a^d-Ooke/fSisV
>;289i:66.^j>;||ailto 136.605^942^ making \t�� MineralV
f:!f^{Mti;ctiog^3J.l_^
���..���'"3?|fetf' Ml^iagf.fLafw^ ^J-.fj^sf/Sroyiiice; ;;ar^.!p<^i!Ii^OTai,f!%M!f:4ii^
������thfk''&Bi.i^
ire^  '.-. ���'-���..      [ xy - ..Xy-X;..     V f'!''V:\V;V''���-,'��� 7,'V !'-: V'^-VV
Miaieral^datis^Kfara ;.|raalM^Pf4i#pyei^ni!i^ :    '
-Bucfrf^if)pef3^,' 'thfr^secMHty..
7-f,-^h��Qlal8 !^fiIip~��r&''.'Q^ilibipil:' $$
;$&��� ���w:Mc|��ftegi^aHl^fi^''<^ -;-'
,-.. ..Fiall'&^rjBapja^ ;|��ge|fe"'s?ii&:'^nfeg
f'gralla'l^r
, to% ffe bbfeainfed
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