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The Ledge Jun 7, 1923

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-THE  OLDEST   MIKING  CAMP   NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
E^Kssawn
Volv   XXIX.
qresnwooi), Brc, Thursday, jun]_) 7, 1923.
V v> 7" Just received a large'shipment of
-;V;^
Enamel, Tin arid  Galvanized Ware;
"."'/<-��� ; .'""V-":-     -"'.-...���   ^Consistingof; yy'���,<���..-'     "    ;._'   V
Double Boilers 3 sizes, Steamers 4 sizes, Stew..Pots, Kettles. Milk
Strainers, Coilanders. Pails, Waslf Basins, Dish Pans. Wash Tubs',-
Wash Boilers, Sprinkling Cans, Etc. -������'-. *
.   We carry Earthinware Crocks suitable for preserving eggs in   ~
T. M .GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28L. >. ��� GREENWOOD. B.C.
Mens Hdts
for
Springy
���"-   New V-"v.
Fit-Reform
Samples for Suits
and Styles
5^:| W Just Arrived - f^
~' X FiiiesrEastem Townships
Guaranteed Pure
^    Maple Syrup
;     2 1-2 lb. Tins 95c.        5 lb. fins $1.80
Maple Sugar
Per lb. 35c.    N"
Wilson & Co
Z3 I    FIRE
FIRE
FIRE
71
Phone 46 2
LEE & BRYAN
aaiuuiaiiuuwiaaiaaaiUiauiiiiaaamuiiUiuuuuwunW
-**
MAY 1st.
Fishing Has Started in  Well
You are almost-assured of success if you buy your
Tackle
.        from
GOODEVE'S   DRUG   STORE
- CHARLES   KING
Real Estate.
Fire,  Life Insurance
Licensed by B. C. Government-
���. Accident-* Sickness Insurance
AUCTIONEER
��� Auction off your surplus Stock..
Call  at my- Office and see me in
-     reference to any .of above
Splendid' Assortment to Choose  From
MILLINERY    .
You are cordially invited to inspect
our Spring Millinery, which includes the newest ideas in Indies'
Hats, Novelties, etc.
Mrs. Ellen Trounson
Next door to Elson's Store
u
000<K><>0000000<��OOQCK>��K>��0<K>0000<>��<>0^
WINDSOR HOTEL
GREENWOOD. B. C.
The WINDSOR  HOTEL   is -heated  with   ste'am
and electricity.     Fine sample rooms.     A corniort- ���
able home for tourists  and travellers.   ' Touch the
wire   If you   want  rooms reserved.     The buffet is ���
replete  with "cigars,  cigarettes, cooling beverages,
buttermilk and ice-cream.
f\ ' - J_
00<X>0<><>0<>0<><>00<KX>0<>����00<>��00^
Greenwood Theatre
Gray &,Clerf', Props..
SATURDAY, JUNE 9th
Commencing at 8.15 p.m.
Bet you'll laugh louder thanany kid at
Jackie Coogan
. Tom Hartland left for Princeton oa Friday morniag last.
"I.H.-Hallettand son, James,
are on a motor trip to the -Okanagan.. V-;    7 'Xy-- ^ ���_.
Mrs. S. Jr. Roylance purchased
the Ford truck car from Wm.
Jenks.
��� May isended, and a bitter and
wet May it was,' the wettest on
record.
H.- Bruce audVA. Landers, of
Midway, were in town on Wednesday.    . -
Cash paid for; hides at Brown's
Midway.
i
H. H. Johnstone, of Nelson,
mining inspector, was in town
this week.
W.-T. Trent, post office inspector paid his annual visit to the
post office on Wednesday.
In a very excellent baseball
game on Sunday^ Mid way defeat?
ed Grand Forks with 5 runs to 2.
' N. E. Morrison is substituting
in the Superior school during the
absence of Miss M. McLoughry.
Miss Ethel- Royce was among
the successful graduates at the
Vancouver General Hospital last
week. -
Mrs. E. G. Warren, a former
resident of Greenwood, is visiting
at the Riverside hotel, Rock
Creek. "
- A. N.' Docksteader and Wm. C.
Wilson killed -a rattlesnake on
the road near Ingram Bridge on
Wednesday. The snake had 7
rattles.
Archie McDonald returned on
New Game Regulations
Begulations, embodying many
changes of fehe open seasons for big
game, fur-bearing animals, and
game birds of British Colombia in
tbe ensuing year, have been promulgated by the Game Conservation Board, of which M7 UB.
Jackson, K. C, M. L. A., is chairman. *       V
Suggestions for further changes
are invited by tlje board before
June 15, otherwise fehe regulations
will remain unaltered.        ������
The important changes to the
open season, in the Eastern district,
(in which Greenwood Riding is
situated) which includes the prov>
ince east of the summit pf the Cascade Mountains, and south of the
G. T. P. Railway, are as follows:
Mountain goat, in the eastern
district south of the main line of
feheO. P.R., September 15th' to
December 15th.
7 Bear, throughout the eastern district, September 15 to June 15th'.
Deer, bucks only, over one year
bid, throughout both districts,
except white-tail deer inTNbrth and
South Okanagan, Similkameen and
Greenwood electoral districts, September 15 to December 15.
Bag   limit   deer,   three   (bucks
only.) -"
No game may be sold, except
moose and'v cariboo in~Atlinand
Omineca electoral, districts from
.October 1 to December 15; bear, in
the northern district, September 1
to June 30, and in the eastern district', September 15 to J une 15.
Trapping. No'fur-beariug animals may be trapped south . of the
main line of C. P, R. December 1
to April 30, 1924.
Grouse and ptarmigan, except
prairie chicken and sharp-tailed
grouse,   in the. northern   district
Midway U.F.B.C.
The   monthly  meeting  of   the
U.F.B.C. was held at Midway June
2nd.    There was a good attendance
of members.    Owing to the amount
of business to go through   the address by two members of the organization was not given.   It was der*
cided to havo the usual sports for
July 2nd including baseball,   pony
races,   swimming   and    childrens
races.   A committee was appointed
to look into the question  of building a Community   Hall.      Also  a
committee to obtain new members
etc. etc.    The  meeting adjourned
until July 7th next.
Kettle Valley Notes *
.Sunday evening frcim  a visit to jan(? in-ttiose portions of Omineca,
in
"Peck's Bad Boyl'
Five.Rollicking Reels!
" A Non-Stop I,augh    -
And, Gee! What a wonderful Boy!
A Good Summer Shoe
At Cost
One reel Chester Outing
Good Indians in Wonderland
Also one reel Christie Comedy   " -
^"Hard Luck"
ADULTS 50c
CHILDREN 25c.
We are clearing odd lines of Men's and Boy's Shoes
. preparatory to taking stock
TAYLOR & JENKIN
PHONE 17,- GREENWOOD
r    INDEPENDENT MEAT MARKET
DANCE, AFTER 1HE_ SHOW
COMING!     V     COMING!
"Queen of Sheba"
_ Friday and Saturday
June 15th and 16th
Dance after the Show on Friday
1 Bush's 4-piece Orchestra
will play during the Show on Fridajr and
for Dance afterwards.
.We carry only the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham/ Bacon, Lard, Etc,        ��
A trial will convince youV.
%  JOHN MEYER-       V  -< Proprietor
THE INCREASING VALUE OF YOUR
TELEPHONE
Your telephone is of greater value as each month goes by. With- the
steady increase in the number of new telephones-you are constantly able to
talk with a large number of people. This applies to different parts of the
province*
It means fo the business man that he is in close tonch with more people.
As every telephone is a long distance telephone,  anyone on the Lower
^Mainland or Vancouver Island may be reached at a moment's notice.   Thc
""conversation is direct, the leply instant.
Don't overlook the cheaper night rates. Between 7 p. _n. and S a. 111.,
you can get three times the day period at the same price.
MCPHERSON'S GARAGE
GRAtNfi FORKS. B.C.
Agent for Dodge, Chevrolet, Studebaker
and-Overland cars. Garage in connection.
D. McPHERSON       -      Proprietor
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE ^COMPANY
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge    '
Rev. W. R, Walkinshaw. B, k.
Greenwood
Services Sunday. June 10th
-Midway. 2.30 p.tn.
Greenwood, 7.3j0 p.m.
Notice
Dr. ,0. M, Graves, Dentist, will
be in Ferry, Wash., the firs! 8
days of every month.
There will be a special attrac-.
tioa" at the Greenwood Theatre
on. Friday and Saturday, June
15th and I.6th, when thc "Queen
of Sbeba" a sine reel feature will
be shown. Bush's four piece
orchestra will provide taasic daring the programme on Friday,
June 15th, aad for the dance
afterwards. Refreshments will
also be served at'midnight. Don't,
miss these big nights. |
Spokane, Seattle, Vancouver aad
Victoria.
Miss Annie Eustis, nurse in
training at the Vancouver General Hospital is the guest of Mrs.
T. Jenkin.
Thompson' Bros., of Midway,
are doing^some development work
on the Crescent mine up the
Phoenix road.
Miss-A. Bryan returned from
the Grand Forks Hospital on
Wednesday, having recovered
from her recent illness.
Mrs. A. J.'Morrison, graduate
nurse, has fitted up rooms - and
will take patients after June IstT
Price- reasonable.- Good-treatment guaranteed. Box 426,
Greenwood.
Pete Forin and Geo, Eales,
Pullman College students, were
in town this week. They are
travelling by motor and"intend
spending the summer camping on
Vancouver Island."
Mrs. Ellen C. McLoughry,"wife
of Robt. A. McLoughry died in
Vancouver on June lst-at the age
of 54 years. . She was the mother
of Miss M. McLoughry, teacher
in the Greenwood Superior
school.
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Jenks and
son, Gordon, left for the coast
last Sunday morning and will
take a look around before choosing a new home. Mr. Jenks has
lived in Greenwood for 24 ' years
and was one of the most influential and prosperous farmers
of the district. All their friends
in the neighborhood wish Mr.
and Mrs. Jenks the best of everything.
Fort George and Cariboo electoral
districts in the eastern district,
September 1 to November IS; in
the remainder of the eastern district, September 15 to October 15.
Bag limits for groase aud ptarmigan, six of one species or 12 of
all species in one day.
Pheasants, cooks only, in the
Sooth Okanagan and - Similkameen
electoral districts and Salmon Arm
Municipality October 20 to November 10.
Quail, in the Similkameen and
South Okanagan districts, October
20 to November 10.
Docks, geese, brantj coots,
Wilson snipe, black-breasted and
golden_plove and greater-and-leaser
yellowlegs, in both districts, September 16 to December 30.
Midway Woman's Local
A meeting of the Midway Woman's Local of U.F. of B.0. met at
the home of Mr. Tippie [on Saturday June 2nd.... A good attendance
waa-present and several new members were received.
A report of tbe general meeting
held to. discuss the advisability oi
starting a hospital was given by
president (Mrs. J. Richter). A
keen interest is being taken and a
committee is making investigations
concerning it. Plans were also
made for the picnic to be held at
Ingram Bridge July 2nd. It is
hoped a good attendance will be
present.
The usual business;of the meeting was"conducted"after which a
most enjoyable lunch was "served
:by Mrs. Lundyand Mrs. Lund.
A cordial invitation to all interested in tho Local is extended for
our next meeting to be held Saturday, July 7th.
The Government is repairing the
Nicholson Creek road.
Comdr. N. "Lewis left on Sunday morning's train-for Yernon.
A. E. Bonnett shipped a Registered Ayreshire Bull on Monday
to Dot, B. C...'
BoBN-~0n May 2Sbh to Mr. and
Mrs. Harry Blakeman, a daughter,
at Nicholson creek.
Service will be held in tho
Anglican Church on Sunday) June
10th at 7,80 p.m.'"
��� Misa Elsie King arrived from
England on Saturday and is the
guest of her. sister, Mrs. R. Gray.
The Woman's Auxiliary have
postponed their meeting this week
on account of so much illness
about.
The Sunday School picnic was
again postponed on account - of the
wet weather and'will be arranged
for some later date.
A return cricket match, Kettle
Valley- v Grand Forks will be
played at Ingram Bridge on Saturday, June lGth, play to commence
at 12 noon, Any cricketers wishing to play please communicate
with Major R. Gray, Kettle Valley.
Premier Oliver Will
Speak in Greenwood
A public meeting will bo held in
the Greenwood Theatre on Saturday, June 16, at 4 p.m. Premier
John Oliver, will discuss matters of
vital interest with special reference
to freight rates. The,-Premier is
anxious that everyone should hear
his message.
My Garden
During the early hours of last
Thursday morning the ��� Govt.
.Liquor Store was raided by burglars and got away with about 35
cases of the very best whiskey.
Entrance was made- from the
rear and after prying off some
boards they broke open the .back
door and carried the wet goods to
the car. It is presumed that the
robbery was committed by some
bootleggers from the other side
and by people who are acquainted
with local conditions. No trace
of the robbers has been found.
A garden is a lovesome thing, "God wot.
Rose plot.
Fringed pool,
Fern'd grot���'���
The veriest school
Of peace; and j*et the fool -
Contends that God is not	
Not God in gardens when the eve
is cool?
Nay, but I have a sign;.
Tis-very-oure God walks in"iniae"."~~"
���Contributed.
Christian Valley
Mr. Kelly and Mr. Armstrong,"
of Ferry County, Wash.,0were visiting Mr. and Mrs. Caehrane this
week.
August Liadgren is busy making"
ties again.
Two pupils will take tbe entrance
exams in Greenwood from --this
school.
'Charlie Noren feffc forWes&bridga
Friday.-'   '
The contract has been let for
the Edge wood Vernon road. This
Valley will have direct communication with the Okanagan when
the road to Lightning Peak is made.
Work on the trail���the forerunner
of the road - is now going on. The
road is also being extended, so a
welcome awaits settlers.      ^ *
The-Boy Scouts "are now fairly
well assured of a camp this summer due to the kindness of Geo.
Gray who donated the proceeds of
the theatre on Saturday to the
Scouts. The Scouts had everything well arranged. Special
music was played during the
show by Mrs. Seid, E. H. Corpe
and J. N_ Butler while for the
dance Miss McKinnel and Geo.
Clerf assisted. $48.50 -Was realized as a result of the show-and
dance. The Scouts desire . to
thank Goe. Gray, and ali those
vhc. contributed towards the
ssusic and tbe refreshments.
Good manners bring friends to
a boy at a time when be needs
them most, when he is making
his start in life. A boy who is
nice to his mother makes a good
impression upon lads who are
younger; and especially upon the
men of au older'generation, and
1 this impression helps a4ot ia the
early ventures of young manhood.
Most boysare nice to their fathers. This is not a question of
the heart so much as of the hand.
A broad hand is better than
anything else to guide the young
traveller past the turn in 'the
road where childhood and boyhood meet. This is the universal
experience of everybody. So the
boy is nice to his old dad aad
helps him over the rough places
as his limbs grow weak and his
steps slow. Good manners and a
gentle voice make the very
Angels smile as they fly past
bearing their messages of love.
At the Greenwood Theatre
If you want action and thrills
see Jackie Coogan in "Peck's
Bad Boy", at' the Greenwood.
Theatre next Saturday night,
June 9th. The manager of the
Greenwood Theatre is now getting iu a better class of pictures
and from now on superior pictures
will be shewn and the admission
will be the same as usual.
Rock Creek U.F.B.C. Notes
There will be a debate followed
by a "dance at the Co-Operative Hall, Koek Creek at ,8 p.m.
on Friday. June S. (Date having
beea~ changed from"" th"e~9tbr)""
Bush's orchestra has been engaged
for the dance. Admission for the
debate, supper-and dance will be
75c. The subject of debate will
be "Prohibition.3? Midway United
Farmers being ufor" and Rock
Creek United Farmers "against-."
Everybody welcome.
,  -      Speakers . - -
Midway' Kock Creek
W. Tippie Commdr. Lewis
R. Kerr Capt. Brew
A. Landers B. P. Hardcastle
Community Auction Sale
(As Requested)
SATURDAY,  JUNE  30th,   1923
AT
.  A. B
,- B. C.
All persons having effects to auction, please notify
the Auctioneer before Friday, June 22nd,  to enable
getting out of Bills
Stock, Horses, Machinery, Household Furniture and
effects accepted
For Terms Apply To
CHARLES KING
Auctioneer Greenwood, B.C V-:
the   ledq-e;   greenwood,   b.   a
Forest Destruction Affects Climate
VITAMINES
MADE. IN CANADA
Th�� importance of
Vitamines in food is
being recognized at
the present time to a
���greater extent than ever
before. It has been conclusively demonstrated
that yeast is rich in this
all important element.
Many people have received great benefit
physically simply by tak-
c
ing one, two or three
Royal Yeast Cakes a day.
Send name and address
for free copy "Royal Yeast
Cckcs for Belter Health." )]
E. W. G1LLETT COMPANY LIMITED
TORONTO, CANAUA
WONTKCAL     _.
prepared under
the most
careful condition::
to make it safe
and keep its
richness
��_
ST. CHARLES MILK
Free   Recipe  Book-
Write the Borden Cc
mitcii,   Montreal
Notable Family Of
Stanley Baldwin
Mother   of   New   Prime    Minister   of
Britain    and    Her   Three   Sisters
Married Prominent Men
"The four remarkable sisters," is a
phrase that occurs again and again In
memoirs of tlie family of Stanley
Baldwin, the new prime minister ot
Britain. It concerns his mother and
three other daughters of the late Rev.
George B. MacDonald, a Methodist
minister.
Alice married Lockwood Kipling,
father of Rudyard Kipling; Agnes
became the wife of Poynter, the
painter; Georgiana became Lady
Burne-Jones, and her beauty, it is
. stated,    inspired    her    husband    in
By   Gene   Stratton-Porter   in   McCall's
Magazine
Willi ihe cutting of our limber has
come a change in our climate; weeks
of drought in summer and destructive cyclonic windstorms, winters alternating from a condition so open as
to freeze prematurely forced fruit and
grain, and winters so stringently cold
thai Hie fruit trees are killed outright.
Tlie even temperature and the
rains every three or four days which
we knew in childhood are things of
the past. Summer in these days
means to scorch for weeks at a
stretch with unalleviated heat; and
in the same state in wliich 1 was
born,    it    has    become necessary for
sons    of    the    men    who wasted tlie   	
woods and the waters to put in over- | r
head   sprinkling   system   in   order   to j Forbidding   Region
grow   their   garden   vegetables   while
windmills and irrigation are becoming
common.
- ln my childhood my father planted
grain with llie same certainty of
having a full crop, that he had of
having alternate day and night. Today tlie farmer on my land has no
more idea whether lie will get a paying yield from the wheal, corn and
potatoes that lie puis into the ground
than he has as (o whether the next
cyclone will blow his house into the
lake or pass a few yards on the other
side of it. We, as a nalion, have already, in the most wanton and reck'-
less waste the world has ever known,
changed our climatic conditions and
wasted a good part of our splendid
heritage. The question now facing
us is whether we shall do all that
lies in our power to save comfortable living conditions for ourselves
and the spots of natural beauty that
remain for our children.
Goat Ranching In Alberta
Below Sea Level
Examine Cars Before Loading
Shippers of Livestock Should Make
Careful Inspection
Inspection of.700 arriving cars of
stock at seven of the large markets
by supervisors of the Packers and
Stockyards Administration, United
States Department of Agriculture, has
shown that shippers would do well to
make careful examination of cars before loading them.
"The railroads maintain satisfactory*
car inspection service   at   the   large
Great    Cities    Found     In     Ruins    In
Chinese Turkestan
Tliere is a place iu Chinese Turkestan, called Lukchun, tliat is far below
the sea level. This forbidding region
is one of the most interesting in the
world. Everywhere in it are' found
ruins of human habitation. Great
ciiies are liere/'with their mines, farms
and industries, dead as though time
had stricken them as they stood.
When .Atlantis stood high the gulf
stream played on one side of it and
Arctic currents on the other, but
there was little' or no intermingling
of the waters. In consequence storms
as they passed here were deflected
down into Europe exactly as Alaskan
weather comes lo the United States.
But. the instant there was a gate by
which the Gulf Stream could enter the
Arctic Ocean all this was changed. A
great suction whirl was set-up which
lifted the storms from all surface contact with the >ocean and switched
them into the.upper air, to descend,
dry and thirsty, on Turkestan. .
<. There is . every reason to believe,
scientists say, that this is the true
explanation, I'or the sinking, of Atlantis and the North-Sea correspond
in time to the formation of the deserts
iji Asia and Africa. '    _   '   ������
Danger In Cod Liver Oil
painting that saintly type of woman   markets, but not all cars sent .to coun
known as the Burne-Jones woman;
Louisa married Alfred Baldwin, the
iron founder, who established the
great, firm of Baldwins'.'-. ���'���- ��� "-
Alice, when-her father-.was. in the
..otteries,    met ���_ Lockwood���' Kipling,".' a
young   designer'6f .pottery, -at' Rudyard    Lake,-   in Staffordshire,.a- noli:
���    day.resort of-the "district;"; "He" .pro;,
posed to her,-.then-received'   an .offer
of a��� post-..in-.India'. and' she .went out
there to'marry, hl'iif:   (In   memory . ot,
.."tlie place" oLVth'eir.meeting.-.the'y chrisr
V"-".fined tlic-ir.son-Rudyard.   "��� X ��� /���:���-[
��� .-MrVBakiwin'sV-mothev.-  years ...ago
. ."had .all ;thc .wonderful , industry.- aiid
...talent, of-her'father, ."He' was a man
. of, restricted means, and- she' married
Win..-engineer7 and ��� Iron 'master'who
-: was/to become a' millionaire, but. she"
-."-worked "hard noue-.t__e-Ie.ss. and made'
"a name .for-herself as a' writer.     ..',������
W'Mrs.- .'Kipling,   -'Lady  Poynter 'and
V Lady 'Burne-;j6nes,.afe..d"ead. V' Mrs:
V Baldwin has lived-'to. see .he1; -,?on
���"��� "achieve' the' greatest-.political ,-tri-
.'   ump. that a" commoner can'aft a in.  .-
try shipping points have moved directly from the terminals.     As a consequence many  cars have defects that
may  cripple   animals, or  even  cause
(heir death.-   'Of the  cars inspected,
in this investigation 7 had holes.in the
iloois, 9J  had .projecting-nails in. the
.walls, "andSS  had-/cleats, that, might,,
and. probably .did, .cause bad -bruise?.
.E_g.li.ty-. wo ..of;,the.-cars- were without:
bedding,-a; large; factor- hrine/safety-
sind. comfort- of animals "in transit."..'
" -''Nq'rnat.ter who is responsible "for
Hid-condition -of .car's, it. is .to'-t'lie .in--
leresr. of-' the shipper always to "make
an inspection, of his'-'own,   -and " most
certainly "it is.'-'up' io him ,to see/that"
the right kind, of bedding is provided.
Frequently; .partitions "'.are .used' in
stock" .cars., and- because'of this"a cii refill-examinaiio'n-. must. be. made', for pro-;
iecting nails-and cleats-that mily'have.
been left ,;w'heh.~ these, partitions .were"
removed.    -The''floor/is the. most "im-.
.portant.. pari  of "'���..tire -car.;; _-It' should
begon'eo'ver-thorpughly and'any holes
.patched.'     Doors/must be in good .re-
French  Doctor Says  It  May Promote
Bone Malady
Parents who have not yet abandoned   'the   ancient habit of dosing then-
youngsters  with  cod  liver  oil 7 every
winter and spring, have been warned
by  Dr.  Michel  Mouriquand of Lyons
that they are endangering, instead of
guaranteeing health.
.'Long experiments involving, the lise
of cod liver oil ingui'nea pigs and rab-.
bits /show; that/ while..cleansing   the
blood V-aniiVpreveiHing,   "even ... curing,
.scorbutic .'diseases,  there'Vis/also.-ihe
danger'   of : promoting, boric maladies'
from which there- is no xure._���.' Better-
the doctor says, rely itp'on castor oil,
which.though- unpleasant is much' surer- in", results, .whereas    even . non-
Fascisti .in-' .Italy-'���are'-'not known-to
liave.-VncQUnibcd.   to 7the:- maximum
doses: administered as punishments by
Mussolini's disciples.-.,:    ...    .   .      ,.'������
Predicts Prosperity  For Farmers
Profitable    Industry'  Established    By]
Farmer Near Maeleod j
i '
j    Goat statistics arc not to be found
\ in the livestock figures of the D'omin-
J ion of Canada as the raising of these
animals in Canada has never reached
a status warranting its inclusion. The
only province where goat raising has
become thoroughly established and
-where *��� it has arrived at undoubted
success is British Columbia. Here
there are approximately 5,000 of these
animals, whi��h have increased to
these proportions I'rom an original
herd of 200 head imported from the
United States in 1917, whilst a goat
breeders' association in the province
formed in the same year with a membership of 17G, now has more than -100
adherents. ���-.,.
With its ^favorable conditions in
many sections there seems no gbod
reason why the prairie provinces
should not have a flourishing goat industry, especially since this pursuit
has proved so profitable iu the province across the mountains. Alberta
has at length its pioneer in W. A.
Schroeder, wlio came from Switzerland and settled near Maeleod, and
has since been engaged In proving the
feasibility of the goat-breeding industry in Southern Alberta and the profit
to be found therein, which he would
seem to have done conclusively.
. He has cne hundred goats, and witii
this substantial herd is following
along the same principle of domestic
dairying thai have for generations
been so successful, in Switzerland. He
is making fifty pounds of buttei-'and
cheese every week, which he sends to
the Maeleod and Calgary markets,
where it sells on even terms with the
ordinary dairy brands. An advantage in this industry lies in the. claim
that one gallon of goat's milk will
make as much cheese as two gallons
of cow's.milk, and each animal averages a quart at a milking.
-Goats are easily raised in Alberta,
according to Mr. Schroeder, who first
experimented with sheep, especially
��� on. hilly. or broken land such as is
found in certain sections of the province. They are economical to keep
because they feed largely on brush
and weeds, the snow offering no deterrent to rustling, whilst they seldom
fall victims to coyotes. The meat of
the goat comes under the elites of wild
game, and from ten to twelve pounds
of tallow are produced from each car.-
cass. The "pelts when well "tanned
are waterproof and have a good commercial value. r'
Mr. Schroeder's experiments have
been watched with-a good deal of interest throughout - Alberta and his
present herd is'in"rather general dc-'
marid. for" foundation stock .for-other
herds.. Somc have gone as far north
as-the.Peace River country, where a
^miniature goat-dairying industry.is-,in
process'of "being, established.". -Now
that-it .has -secured, its.sta'rt, and.certain, -provenVadvriilages -..hay.eV.been-
proven 'for.it; there': Is .every:'possibil-_
ity-of the- goat-raising industry, be-/
coming 'established on the prairies of-
Western-Canada.   .  V.-.-7"'''   ���-- '_���  ''
Britain Remits Indemnity.
Still Owes 50,000,000 On  Her Debt to
China
The British Government has, even
in the midst of meeting its stupendous
debts'lncurred "during the war, decided lo remit to thc Chinese what Is
slill due on account of the Boxer indemnity to Great Britain. The
amount is estimated at five times the
sum which America remitted���between two and three millions a year
for twenty-three years," a total of over
?50;000,000. According to a dispatch
in the Philadelphia Public Ledger, the
Japanese have now been infected by
tlte same generous- purpose. At any
rate,- a bill providing for the remittance of Japan's share has b.een-in-
troduced in thc Diet and its passage
is "virtually assured." The contemplated use to which tlie remitted fund
is lo be put is also educational.
it has been suggested'by those interested in the use of this money in a
way most beneficial to China that it
should be placed'in a great common
fund, to" be administered by a committee in which the, Chinese membership should be..dominant but which a
representation also of the Governments which have made these self-
sacrificing grants for the benefit of
the Chinese people. While every
safeguard should" be taken to insure
the most economical and profitable
expenditure of' the income from the
fund; it should be solely with the
thought of the good of the Chinese
themselves. " It is regrettable' that
the bill providing for.the remittance
of the rest of our share-was held up
in the Committee _on Foreign Re-
Jftlions'in the House at the last ses-'
sion after its passage by the Senate.
Our own earlier example, together
with the greater generosity of Great
Britain"-'and what will be probably a
slill greater sacrifice of Japan, should
lead to an early favorable action' by
the next Congress.���From -the Washington Star. ' -..   -    -
"YOUR TEETH"
EXPRESSION
By    Ren    Proctor    McGee.    M.D.,
D.D.S..  Pittsburgh. Pa."
Success Of Insulin
Canada's Oat Crop
" -    .'.��,...- -', " '      ."..', '"" -   -""
'.Took .Second;Place -in Total -Yield" of
_-  X": V-A!I NationsTn the7Wo>ld' 7.7._.
,- According" .to"- -international figures
- 'Canada..took,second'place to the Urii.t-
Ved States-among all-the-farming ria-
' ti.bns of tlie. world in- the volume/of
her" oat' crop" ih-1922.;  'The Dominion
/-production ������'���-was - 491.239,006   bushels
-froni 14,541,0.00. acres; as against .the'
���; Republic's i;215,4SG,000- bushels'/'froir.
,7sO,G'93.000 acres.. I'twill.be'. noted .that
".Canada's "average yield per;acre was
- over 33   bushels,  whilst' that  of the
United    States    was '.less'  than , 30.
bushels"."      [���    V  -'"-W ; - 7V : - ���'<.-, 7
Striking. Case"'- of   Child ^Restored.-
Health' Related  By Dr. Banting
-'.Striking.instances of the' success
to
ol'
No;w "In; For a  Long StretcTT .of Good | Uie>slllill< treatment  were*given .to
Improved Health Of
7       . Canada's.Lives'.jck
���if
_������   Agricultural-Years
history   repeats -itself," and."
Ave !
| the" delegates attending the-ninth.an^
are-'told -tliat--it/invariably, .does,  we
'riiiir'- and   "when V the-.cattle or other- -are now "iri- for a' long stretch -.of good
livestock' are-loaded,{securely fastened:
Naval "Base...;At Singapore
: i.-
Would   Be   Of  Great   Help  to   British
���������'""' W  ",     .- Fleet --._' ."-'-.- '���"���."
'. Archibald    Kurd, "-writing    in    the
Telegraph/on.the.'naval  proposals to
be, placed "before,the.Imperial con.l'er.-
ejiee;,says: ''   y '-���-���"-"' V'"7V   :.'
--"It is" no very long; time sihc'e.tlie.
distribution of.the British'.fleet .pivoted in. the middle seas'. " ..Tlie old conception - of. an  oceanic. n.t'vy; ���. iyitiiout
an immediate enemy in view must assert'.- itself- ori 7. the perimeter ,oi'-'iho {
Enipireas well' as on the-yisioii oi" the ]
peoples of .tlie-- -far:Jlung'_, Dominions.-] fA1-
This mean's we must'take-up-tasks of
riaval'-prepanition'Vab'antloned.,in  the
early years of. tlie, century..   'Ainong
these-none!is more.itiiportant than the'
.development - of = the, Singapore - naval
���base,'.'>.7   -.[-������X'X-y  i'y[.x   -',-"'���
,  ;jjurd. concludes by declaring'tliat'if
���Singapore'"is.- not Vconyerted_' into
agricultural-years; probably another
twenty-vear. period;-'; Of course.things
have- been ' tremendously -disturbing
for., all'7. classes, depending, fbripros-
perit'y on tlie western crop.. But com;
mon,-  horse-sense   "should tell us-that"
1 nual conference.of the Ontario Health
Officers' 'Association, -Tororito, by/br.
F.-G...Banting, Avho delivered_an-.ad--
dress on ;"lias"uli"n in/the .Treatment' of
Diabetes.'.' "" '������'.-'. -";' ' .". .-���='.". V :".--
'..He-:-dispJaye"d a. chart 'showing..tho.
lxcord "'of ���'"artt'labeUcr child:'/.':; Pii.oirto.
���ihe/ use ..of- insulin - his little patient
wa.s'-'given"-a very careful and", special
diet, treatment, which.-served -.only, to
prolong it's .life."'; It was,";Dr. Banting
said, one .of the thiimest children "he
we arc now 'over the hii!.' " The ravings" of:the incurable.pessimist stand
refuted ..by recorded;. facts -covering
forty 'years.' ���   'At .any rate, .those, who
liaveVweatiiered.the atprin so far,, will j 0[..a whenc0 0ld-'man,- and the." child
undoubtedly be all the.better- for .Uic'j;-wng contip^iiy whining'and crying."-'
experience," ho.wever'biitcr it.may have p  "..it. i,.is 'now  doubled 'its' Sveight;*'
bee'n. "  This .is no lime fo quit'.-.. Let':<'gajd  7^/- .;BantiD%/    -it. Is."running.,
us no\v;_liaye it long and-.-a str6!ig'uull'|ai.ofin(j n^ children normaiiy ��� do " and I
or improved; marketing-of our .-pro1;! '
Large-Sums Paid-m Compensation for
. Animals Slaughtered ' -. -;/ . ''.
.".In five-months" in '1905-.6,7acco'r'ding
to statistics given'iri- the -Veterinary
Director-General's report .for". l"02VL22!
there were;,1.3S7. animals slaughtered
iii- Canada arid $10.8,045'-paid in com-
pensatipnl in Vhe{, effort' to.-suppress^
glitridei's;'; {^vliereas -, iri""l82l-227 there
were . only' 29 .animals slaughtered, on"
thatVaccount- iii the.-, full, ."year ..and
$2;506/ paid iri ^compensation. " . In- like
manner.in 19.U-i-9, there-.were. 3.4,779
swine- slaughtered,' and/ $196,981.; paid
in'', compensation. In. "the. campaign
against, h.og cholera;".while/in-1921-22
only: 432.pigs were "s'acrificeel a'ntl 53,-
329 paid in compensation'.; Inthe sup-"-
pressioh of dburirie-, 471 ;mimals .'were'
sia ugh "ter ed'Knd '? ISX'-j 3:~.p>ikl""iri".c6iii"-"
pciis'atiqri-in..I913-;.l'4,;'whereas in 3921--,
22.. no 'anifflitls'-had' .to - be'; slaughtered
-and no" comperisat.iori. was .paid.- ",ln:
tlie "checking pfiuberculosis. there ivas
a  large" increase'- in /1921-22; .bolli-^in
When you look at other people,.your
impression of them is governed very
largely by the expression that you- find
upon their faces. .
We commonly speak of 'Uhe...expression of the eyes," and we have so long
continued the use of-that phrase that
we really think the eyes have expression. Tlie eye proper has no expression, but tlie movement of the. eyeball and the opening and closing of.
tlie lids, is what make the so-called
expression of the eye. The upper lid
has only an up-and-down motion, so
that it could not bc very expressive;
but the" lower" lid can be moved up-
ward__and downward and can be pushed about by the muscles'of the face
so as to make a series of pleasant-
looking wrinkles about the corheiTOf
the eye. s    .. -'��� .'
More than seventy-five per cent, of
facial expression is due to the muscles
of mastication. These are supported upon the teeth and the bones surrounding .the teeth that depend for
their shape upon the stability of the
teeth. We.are safe therefore in saying that the great ���'- majority of all
facial expression, either pleasant'- or
otherwise, is due to the region that is
dependent for its support, and, c'on-
secjuentiy,- its appearance,- upon the
teeth.'     ;   . ../-���. ,..     ' ;.    '7
' In addition to the movement of the
inuscles of the face, the. appearance
of the teeth themselves.,..is a very..
large element of expression. If you
look at a mouth full of. clean, pearly,
ivell-shaped, healthy teeth/'surrpundfid
by natural pink gums, you' get immediately a pleasing effect that is out
of ali proportion lo tiie general
beauty of tlie face. In fact, many
faces tliat are most unprepossessing
when in repose, -are extremely attractive when they -.smile, beca'tise'./pf a
splendid dental equipment.'. If a most
beautiful wojnan shows, when she
smiles, either an irregular, or a-"decayed, or a plained set of teeth, she
had better not, smile, because, her
reputation lor' beauty disappears at
the, first' glance.V - .,
V.If.a man .who. "wished to-talk,business: with you .was well-gro.omed arid
generally pleasing in appearance, and
yet, when.'he-opened his mouLh,- showed a-collection of dental'wrecks, he
would ^immediately- lose, the psychological; adyantago7.that,;h^ had gained
by his. first appearance. ,"./
;' .Iii order l6>be':charitab!e.-to other
people,' and-to "create, a good-impression upon other people/it is.necessary
.for" us ail to look, the best .we..can at
tili-.'times.. . And if-yoir'are{ going tp
look.your best,' y'oiii-7teeth -must be-in
good order. '���    '.--  '.'        7   -_.'X :      :.
Canada's First Railway Ticket
Sold When Northern Railway Opened"'
���  .,       Seventy Years Ago
Seventy years ago the fins.t railway
ticket   was   sold   in    Canada.'   The "
Nortliefn   Railway   was   opened   to
traflic,  the road  being  completed as
far as Aurora, a ^distance   of   thirty
miles .from Toronto.      Thousands of
persons witnessed the "send-off" but
very few passengers would risk their
lives ori the preposterous thing that
seemed to them on tlie point of exploding.     All along the way the road
was lined with<spectators, full of excitement  at  the   iron   horse   hauling .
along  at'the awful'  spetfd  of fifteen
miles an hour. - :   -
At Thornhill,"" about halflwayrto
Aurora, the ���wood and water 'were exhausted and' a new^supply was provided. The whole trip was made.in
two hours, but' as .no telegraphs were"
infuse the.Torontoriians-had' to wait
in suspense till the machine came
back, when'confidence Was" established in the newfangled horse.���Durham
Chronicle.   ; -   '   '���
i-*
\
:
i
\
1
X
<
That-Goose and Its Golden Eggs
Anent /the    Unprecedented    Building
W"     Boom in"the U.S. -. V       *'
Of course only-a goose would lay
golden eggs. ^.
And of course oiily a goose that*
would lay golden eggs would lay them-
under duress. ''   ������  ���������'������."
Yet even a goose that does lay gold-
en..eggV knows-^vhen it is being choked to death. 7-.;'. :'������'.-
The greatest building boom in the
history of the United States has be-
,gun to flatten . out aridis gradually
tapering off.,     -
Ayillthose most interested���the producers .of building material and the
workmen who--put buildings, together
���have the wisdom ���to see that it
might be worth while to coddle the
goose rather than to clioka it?-^-Buf-'
falo Express.,.,..
V
yi ���
New'Ray"VR^sists Full""of-Gravity
duct's.-���Farm and-Rancli.'Review,- Ca'l-.
Vv     Adyertisirig By Radio
, VVirsnipeg Board of Trade .Has Novjl.
. Plair to Spread,iri.formation-.;.. 7-
��� "The radio is being', used'to advertise
Western Canada./: . Tlie::' Winnipeg
"Board of/Trade recently" launched' an
advertising, scheme  of- 52 ;radio. le'c-
��� tures'-from the'Government'-Sthtion.a'l,      - , ,      ���   ,.   ���-.... .  .   ..,_   _    ,    ....
��� -   . -        ;   ���   ��� ..  -..--   .   .   . ,,,.ina-.a! base the British battle .fleet will
.that point,, each"-to be given.fay-.a dif-; ..: -.y ��� .    ���   -',-:���.���.,--.',,-'  ���
* ''-���.'-   -, "   -     ."-���__    be perman��._itlv'shut-out of the-Paci-
ferent speaker..- -The scheme origin-,I ..,-.--   --       ..-.-,..""   , .-     ���-  "���-.-'.
.   .',   .-   .,.--.-..    --7.   ..'.'���  ,   '.    -fie wuir-no-possibility.of co.-op.erntion
atcd in the wide interest  -evinced-, in!   ���   -. .   --.- -        .---;,'-,-      ", ' "     ,
.   . ��� v. ��� ��� ' , . 11- i-   betiveen    the    mam . fleet and naval
Winnipeg history and-progress, which"   ���-. - -,.-���_,   ���;  .-     ,.-.-.-     -
,.��� ������-..l     ������-. ���      ���-- ��� -j   '.-.-,-. .--.;.; -forces the Dominions-may. provide. ���
Jias. been/increased   substantially...by j,.-.--     ;-..-- ���     ���-    -y..    . .��� ��� ���,        .   -.-..
the increasing use-of tiie.radio; '
Method lo Cure Heart Diseases
had ever seen;-theVskin was like that (animals slaughtered and 'compensation paid, due to the-adoption of the
Accredited- Herd-.-system-'.and-'to-, the
contr6].-"of7tii.berci.ilo"sis'in'mu'nic'ip._ili-'
lies.iinder. the municipal tuberculosis
order-of 1915:1G.V The per centag.e ot
reactors- in- municipal- testing was 5.9,
whilc.in llie''acci^dited-henls'tlieVper-
cen._igc'ws_s"i-f.70;. "     ���. -.    . -"'/ ���--
Has -Made; jnfr
is going, to.'start bacicto school."'- \ .
Dr. Banting explained-, the .tre.'i't-
.ment: for. diabetes, .insulin "not being
used at, tlie'.present time in the. mild'-,
er-cases,'oiving" io tlie groat demand
for. if.- -"".The-time 'was''gradually-;bo-.
reached- AVlfeii Vlnsulin could "be
stipplie'ilas rieededi . ' -'  ; .
New\ Surgical - Iristrurnent
'-������' ''impossible'- Operations-Possible
'. ;_V"-.riieifiod'. foi-; the./cure' of common j,    ., ���'-  ���'--,      -'---.���' -���^���X ,
iie'art disease's through rise'of a-'neivly.i r    i-V V-.. %    t '  "V   ������ ���
��� invented surgicM.Vinsfrument .khowh] t��M:,GirIs. mvesbgate
'!....        ,..".���.....-_ ..:.-:-......-./.,:.!���        ./Canadian Farm methods
It Will Relieve a Cold.���Cold's are
the commonest ailments of mankind
and if neglected may lead to seriou.s
conditions. - Dr. Thomas' Eclectric
Oil will relieve the bronchial passages-
or inflammation speedily and thoroughly and Avill strengthen 'them"
against subsequeat attack. And as it
eases the inflammation it will usually
stop" the' cough because it allays the
irritation ln the throat., . Try it and
prove it,." -: ���   "-
Sir John's Wisdom .   ,     .
7Letters    of    Sir / John;Macdonald,  "
edited by Joseph Pope, show-JJiat Sir ;
John in .the sixties   of' last'  century'"
formulated aVplan-for the'eonserva-.-���_,'
tion of the forest wealth of Canada,; -
and suggested stringent, action to' pre- '.
vent'forest fires.     What a much" rich:"
er "heritage Canada would/have had
today.if the statesmanlike advice had. ���
been, followed? '   Sir.-Johri "suggested '.-
replanting "as. Carried'out in .Northern-
Europe. ." What 'lie said'-before Con: .
fe^eratlonVhasVsQualTforcer today7^St7"
Catharines'Standard. .- XX-.X-'X
as"the caidioscppe. 'wrfs announced"at
fhe" annual 'meeting/o'f -the- American |
;A^soclation- for ''riiora'clc/Surgery.-   =y[
' - Tlie-- iiistruriieht,    invented by"I)r,
Duff;' of V(ie6rg;e .-Ayashinglbn/ L'niver
si'-yV.- v
Four Farr.ierettss Are Making a Tour
-  ofthe Country-.'��. ��� '-.    _-��� '���
Four  English farmerettes,   winners
.-.ill" nia'ke." .j>qssibie,-..fieret6fpre" .?*��� scholarships '6iTered.;b^'Sir Henry
Prbposed Sugar Factory for Raymond
, It.is reported -that efforts are' being:
made.to interest'American capital-in a
sugar7 fa.ctoi-y to' be "osla'blisli.ed" in
'Soui.lVji'ri' Alberta, probably .at Ray-'
i mo'nd. ".A ," sugar, 'company ..it- Salt
Lake- Cit.y is said, to-be .behind the
project, a'nd'.iivlll liuild a factory if result s^of tests with;beets this.year are
satisfactory./','.       '".,  7"" ". ���  '""...'���'���.
".China srJiiUea'dsin.silk. production;!.
..'aUhough   the'   actual, ���'amount" is un-
.Tknowri; with Japan "second.
Detection. Of. Submarines
.'impossible..--o'p.eraiions.
it -was-, stated-,.j'Hioniion.
Use of Super-Sound- Waves"Has Des-
. troyed Menace
President, of -the Cahadiai.
in.
e,
- Dr.   Howard   Lildenthal,"prominent,: Leicestershire;   -Miss '-/-Ivy Townsend.
Kew ^"ork surgeon," declared-the. eai- j Surrey;,Miss. Mildred'White, Devon-
[and 'permits".inspeciionVof. Uie.' insidd-, N'a'Uonal- ltailway;-.have7 arrived. : in
'of:a beating heai;tV,.77-; 7 V.7. V  /=' J.Can.-ida./ 'They are: -Miss- Joan Moore,
.7 Blessed are-the ;iiinoce.nt. for tliey
��� have, a" lot- to learn. ��� '���"      -./..' ..">    :-
.A cold, douche has; been ^idmiriistr-r-(. dioscopc- .was . perfected   to"-' "such "a'! s}iir"e; and Miss Emma' Absolon, Mfd^
led to French enthusiasis 1't.r the PHb-Vdegreeit could' be/ used with-success, i'dlesex..    All the girls, are/experts in
marine   by
Professor" Larigevjn,' who j Its-    chief
��� haspbinted out in a lecture before the   s3jd.
. 1'
ST.-
1475
A/ademie'. de-;Farinc    how    modern ��� heart.
nief.h.ods; of-'submarine defectiqri have,
ran'fasten.on to it rcmorseles��l\v7an(I |
hunt/it. -to' de?'ruc'ion'V-London;,"Daiiy
Chronicle.'- ' /; v ���,"'.-;-���"-- /' '..':.=    ���.���'��� yX-xi-. .
-: Our .sip"ga:riXyy.for.;"\he7 corning..j ea r.
should -be. "Buy; atHonie."'- -A_dd>to
yoij'r [own'XftriQyyovir.neighbor's, .pros-
.p*z-itir by. kf~t-piKg the Eoney' clfc-ul3t;
ain'sr.in our- o;btj;^is?ritC ; '':7-'V;'-:,,'._:'.
f.uh't-Uon.    Dr:  Lildcrilhai-i^���^^    They are'.being.chaperoned,
is-  in   cases'   of   ieakaSeof ihe- b>" ^5ss Stella WOlfe. Murray, a well-
j known- Englisir.neivspaper woman.and,
'   .. -    ���'     ��� -: ������/   t, .,>;   '; a.descemiant/or.General-Wolf eV ���/���Tl'ie^
bout
lim'o
he
girls io study . Canadian agriculture
under the most favorable conditions
and to visit the various provinces. Ih;
vitaiions" have been accepted for Miss
Moore and/Miss Absolon to take a
course - at7 the Ontario Agricultural
Coileg^-GiwJph, -vvfeile Miss Townsend
and.Miss While" will.attend tbe Manitoba. 'Agricultural Collegia' at Winnipeg.
pretty ,welS= "ext!riguishey;;th^7'i0ris>" V'iA'VeW in Ga"ada ror *h��'
irom   the   robstVueacheroas''WWW months""..and    during this tin
craft.    ..ByV'the.  use of "*ubequeou? | jS-.ri bicycle." said- 'the teacher.   "Now. j��"'>'  op"pofi'unity  will  be given  tl
.super-sound-waves a surface ship can j Edgar, what would.you call a. vehicle
locate a .submarine "at. vast., distances'^Jth one wheel?.'*..' .-; -    ���-���--        ���
("far greater and'with far greater cer-1:   "A   V.-lieelborrow." ' proinptiy - ah;
.taint}-;than- visual, obfervation. givesi";! pwerecl-;Uie~'IitUe7"fellow.".'     " V; ���; ' ;
Refreshes $��aiy Eyes
When Your.Eyes feel jpuilj
an<i K����T. *&% Mitritir. .it In-
Kintl^'Reu^-csihaitTsTc^Ferlini.'
" ��� Miics thftn Q��ar, Erighi and --
Spxrilir.e.   fUrslesJ- So'-d *nd
INE.*
,7.Like"a" postage staicp, a man's value
depei'ds "oji-his./ability to stick 10'a
tjiir.g till lie'gets- iliere. :   -.'������"   '"'  ; ���.:.--.
in PhripleSrFormedHardCrust.
Hair Fell Out., Cuticura Healed.
';'���'? I'.had ."eczerna on' tny scslp."' It
broke x>iit in '.little'.pimples >vhich.
-formed a hard crust/ My scalp itched
ssnd burned' so badly I was up half
the night.:   My hair fell out terribly
-and Icbuld nbt'eorab it.
"Thi* trptible lasted abqat three
��� xrioftths before I sent for a free s��ni- -
pie of Cnliaira. Soap and Ointment;
I bought snore and I used two fcc-xta"
of Cuticura Ointment with the Cats--
cura Soap when. I was hesled^'
(Signed) Miss Gertrude Harrington,
1010 Delaware Ave., Butte, Mont..,
. Cuticura Soap to cleanse and purify. Ctaidir* Ointment, to sootfce-
itad'heal aad Catscara Toloaih to
powder and.'pcrjfame are ideal for
dtuiy toiletpmrpoies.. :���
I hv'cn toe's.-Discovery .May: Revolution-
���"':"..   izo'Airshipof Future '-' .[. -���
.'"Av.i.it.icm of-tbe future may. be bits-
c3s.onl'Vhe;-use of- a -ney.iy ..discovered
my-\vbkH .���'shuts"'off", tbe. pull of gray-
it y; -il". it theory profjountleii-Vb'y. Ed^ar
,'L.   HOliingshead,   Pascdena,   Cal., .inventor, aud-experisrienter in the.fieli) pi-
ei'ecti-icity,'- is ' substantiated .in prac-.
tie'e. .7 > [[ X    ,.) '" x V-   ' -",'V ' '=.- -; .
'/. Mr. "Hollii.ij.islie.ad calls the' new-; ray,/
vrhiclv:he"said- lie"dfec'o.vered- after -20-
ycai'b- -of   ..ex^erlmeriiation, .tlie   cidic
vay. -'.)" _  .    '_-".-  '"   ):)'-, .=.-' .- "��� - -
- Its".-most,' spectacular   iiipperty';- lie
says, is the .power to increase 'atomic
speed in  matter upori"   wlikli    it/is-
focused.     U'lien ..ihe' siieed   of-the.'
whirling   Tut'orns"   readies"   a    certain
I'oint..he explains, the pull, of gravity
1'as no effect-on-(heni.      /:/'"-;      '"���"���--
When- (he, use-.of the-odic ray has
beeu"' .peil'eeted', -. Mr. -- Hollingsiiea<l-j
prcdicis. any solid object.on v.'hicUVit;
"jiiay- be- focused   will .,iioai  'in . air.-
Eauippedwith .tiie "proper apparatus-
for-' '(.crierating .this. powerful: ray," he'
ac'serts. the airship of.the. future'could
"be-buiit of steel a.nd7i-��M-iseVwit!i the-
ease of a^gas-filied dirigible.-.-: .. "��� 7 7"
''.Heat filso .accelerates; the'spcTtd. oX
the ' whirHng atoms '  composing-' -any
fubsliince.' .Mr.-���..lipllingsiiea.tr   points
out, but lrcat '-freely'-applied -evr-ntually-
transforn'ts the solid into a'gas... ..The'
pdic.'.i'fiy.. on the other, band. ,cari in1..
fVe3se'Vtlie'Vito'iiiic.spee.d 'tremendously
"wii-liou* causinp- thedistintegration of
! llie solW. lie said. .'���''"���
.V
: ~~~*~
- : >
y.x
Minard's Liniment relieves. Burns, etc,
VTo -Finish" Tovyer ���"���-...       ,';'
Plans liave been .completed :niicl: ofliV;.
ciallj; approved i'or tlie construction'ofthe  remaiiiing���.portion- of the- tower
over the"main-?entrance .to'the Caria-;
7dian 'Parliament. Building. -   Work on"
this-"Victory .Tower" -.as'-it'is t'o.'be
known", may. be' ' recommenced, . this
year.'.   It is-hoped to finish "the job be-/
fore .the.'end,6'f 1924.'"  ���"' ;���-..'.../ 7   .'' V-:
��� The V "Roosevelt
3,3G8 miles..--.'.7,
.Highway' ��� covers
��t___j_E�� E��*i r_w ��T K^L A��o��bc Tmravit, JJsa-
-ii>4,Zi*. 6t P��aJ et. V.KraeBwL'1 Soli mrj-
JUB_S" 'CB&ffir* Se&p *fc��T���� w-Jt&OTst nit.
Your friends think that you arc
right and" your enemies ��� think -��hai
you are. wrong, but you have io show
the rest of. tne cold, unsympathetic
world.   ��� ��� -  . '      ..' ���'*.. ", -" ,;���- , .
Tramp.-r-Your "dog just bit a pS'ece
of flesh'out of my leg, mum.
. Womah.r���Glad. you; mentioned it.  .1
was just going-to feed.Khn.���Catoon.
A sturdy match,"Mg enough
to.handle with ypunnitts on.
; Sttrorig enough to strike on ���
"rough  surfaces.    Made  to:
withstand more moisture. 7   -
'A. safe;, match," free, from
poison and free from glow,
when blown out.
Their  added  length   gives
longer light in the dark.
''��E.-ttie sea of-.a^yerslty the pawc-
ferottr Is captain af'the watch.
CHES
fke Caaadiss Match Co, 1AM*M w&m
?;
�����T
THE     LEDGE}     GREENWOOD,     B.    C
if
X
X
'est
aiivse Immense Losses
In
FUEL PROBLEM REPORT
NEED     OF
AWAY
(
.-.
i
i*
t *
-j-
Sudbury, Ont.���With a heavy pall of
���thick smoke and the smell of .burning
pine stifling tlie air, the whole of'the
-northern country is in the grip of its
���first" forest Are experience of the d��23
season. "' - '-.-'
"-���    Ori"a 200-mile'front there have been
fires  6f varying  proportions   for   the
'���past two or three days, but the situation is said to be well -in hand.   /Both
the  forestry "forces arid  the railways
" report .that, given any break in the
ivealher, they will conquer the fire.
An army of 1,500 to. 2,000 "men have
been thrown into the fight, the Canadian Pacific and Canadian "National
Railways suspending all track operations to release large gangs of men
for lire fighting, and -all available
bushmcn have been pressed into ser-'
''vice by the employment agencies,
shipping out" in gangs'.of 25.to 5u all
through the, north. '        '"""
There have been serious fires from
Biscoe Landing clear through to" White
River at points along the main line of
the Canadian Pacific. Communication, has been restored at White Riv-
���er and all is reported well there.... At
Girdwood and Lochalsh, eye witnesses
tell of walls qLllame to the height of
80 feet, accompanied by a terrific wind
advancing with increased'--swiftness
and laying waste all in its path. V
PRAYER FOR "PEACE.
EDUCATING PUBLIC
FROM USE OF,.
ANTHRACITE " .
Ottawa.���Methods of meeting the
fuel problem are suggested iu an interim report issued""by the Dominion
Fuel'/Board. The. board was organized by order-in-council iiVNovember
last, -under,-the. chairmanship of
Charles-Ca,msell, -Deputy' Minister of
Mines. It points out' that in the ten-
I year period ending 1921 Canada's bill
for imported  coal  exceeded   the sum
WESTERN EDITORS
PRESIDENT        HARDING       MAKES
NOTABLE    ADDRESS-   AT
.   Washington   W -
,,.    , .    , ���--'   ���-.     ,.     ,.     .',.    7   I of. ?5S0,000,000,   and "emphasises that
Washington.���Standing--m Arlington j'.,_. ,,,__S _V..V _,..,.   X...-.       "... -
Memorial.   Amphitheatre   and  /facing;
Organization Formed   x V
For Cancer Research*
.*
Earnest Appeal "issued Throughout'
British Empire For Funds
London.���A number of the foremost
British physicians and surgeonsV and.
other prominent persons have formed
an organization-for'-the promotion of
cancer research., The first step7in
an'energetic movement to encourage
investigation of 'the disease^ was* the
issue,of an earnest appeal throughout
the: British",JJmpire. I'or funds to aid
in the.work.���_ .^. ,-:   ,���'<���'
The movement is to be known-as
"(he British '���Empire Cancer " Cam?
paign."
the'wooded slopes, where rest thousands of the wa]:..dead of the nation,
President Harding uttered-a prayer
that the United States'"do its full part
toward making war .unlikely, if "not
impossible." V
We have already proved that we
can have less of armament," the
President declared. "Let us strive
for the assurance that we shall, have
none of wa?." ^ '��� X ���
Scarcely had . the applause from
those assembled in the great national
cemetery for the annual Memorial
Day exercises died away, when the
chief executive coupled ' with ��� the
prayer the hope that should war
again come to America, "vre will not
alone call to service the youth ot the
land���but we will draft every resource, every. activity, all of wealthy
and '"make common cttuse of the nation's-preservation." t"    "'������-���'���.
Several minutes passed before the
applause .which greeted 4his pronouncement, allowed Mr. Harding to
continue."   - ', "    -
Dissatisfied With       v-v..
Pensions Board
v        " Would Increase Air Force    ���-'..
London.���A meeting" of lhe\ Air
League at. the Mansion House adopted a resolution demanding a one-pow-
Wr standard-air force for Great Britain
and the fullest, development of Imperial air routes.
Lord Birkenhead, who addressed the
gathering, declared "we are.quite defenceless   in   the ��� event .gi   an   air
" attack." ���, ' /
Citizens of Victoria Want All Members
Removed
"Victoria.-���A^ resolution moved by
ItighWltev. Dr. Schofield, Bishop of
Columbia, and. seconded by" Alderman
E. S. Woodward, Secretary of; the
Trades . and u Labor Council, calling
upon ���������the Dominion Governmerit. to, remove the members of the Canadian
Pension's Board; .was endorsed ,at a
meeting of: three hundred citizens. H.
D. Twigg,' commandant of the Canadian legion here, quoted individual
cases of alleged harsh treatment by
the. board, and reviewed the recent re-
port.of the royal commission which recently investigated the acts of that
body.   "      . ,
he ideal solution of the fuel .problem
is dependence upon our .own fuel resources.
The report urges:
Wider range of "Utilization Of the
coals of British Columbia, Alberta rind
the Maritime Provinces.    X  -
.Investigation into the feasibility ol'
establishing by-product reeovory'-cok-
ing plants.
That peat should be utilized to supply a portion of the fuel needs of Central Canada.
That our .- wood "resources'," under.-
proper management, could be utilized
for fuel to a. greater degree than at
present.
The board is of the opinion that,,
except in an anxiliary capacity, electric house heating is impracticable on
a large scale, but electricity for industrial and transportation purposes
.would set free a' large ^.amount of coal
for - heating. The report concludes
with a word as to the need of educating the public away from anthracite.
Barfiot Has Brought
Glider To America
Intends" Attempting Trip\From .New
York to Chicago
New York.���Georges B.arbot, the
French aeronaut, who .won '25,000
francs by, gliding across the English
Channel in his "baby" molore'd mono-'
plane, arrived from Le Havre, on the
steamer Chicago,'accompanied' by the
craft in which lie hopes to soar from
New York to Chicago. , He wiil attempt; 7to glide to Chicago to demonstrate that "air flivvering" ..over-long
distances iSvnow, entirely feasible.
Execute Irish Bank Robbers .
Dublin.���Michael Murphy and
Joseph O'ilourke were.executed by the
Free State authorities at Tuam,
County Galway. They were convicted of participating in a bank robbery
at Atheh'ry.. "' ��� ,- -��� ���-
COLONIZATION ASSOCIATION IS TO
BE REORGANIZED, SAYS A REPORT
J
Winnipeg.���It is /reported lhat the
Canada" Colonization Association' is to
be reorganized immediately upon a
new'basis, with' tlie Federal Govern-.
ment, tlie" Canadian. Pacific.- Railway
and -the" Canadian "National- Railway'
equally represented upon a new .board:
of directors:   ..,""   -. ��� '���"'- yy.       ;.'".   ' V
lt-.is.'stated that M.-'A."Bi;own;.prc"-'
' sident. ";OfL-'' the'7 "association ;since-its'
Inception,- lias resigned.that position
_ and7_tliat.._a'_.jmeeting._wiU..be.-held".in.
Winnipeg, to '.'complete /the reorganization. ' It is/stated that DVC. Coleman
and CoI/'J.'S.Dcnhis, for Uie Canadian
Pacific;';:A."-.E". WaiTen, Vice-President
and':' General -Manager: - of - Western
Lines;--for .the Canadian-National; and
Dr.VwV'J.' 'Black,'.' Deputy Minister' -of
Immigration, "will'"have' places ..on 'the
new board.   -.-,"������.  V- '��� . /   -,".'-. "
It is added -that' the".,Canadian/Pacific ,'and ' the '-Canadian. National. Rail'-,
ways"/.have", agreed '7 to 7- contribute
$300,000-a. year'for. five years-.toward
the- funds o'f the organization; to' be
added'"to-ihe'general grant:  '--',"���-   7
According   ��� to .,-another report,, S.ir
peg financier, hasJieen"asked to head
llie "reorganized"association'. -��� Strong
pressure is-being/brought to bear to
have.him accept the chairmanship ,of
a board of management, which will in
future conduct" the affairs, of. the organization:. ' 7.;. V. ���-'���"-"���" ��� -'' ������, ��� -:.��� ;'/���
.D. . C. Coleman,; Vice-President; P.
L. NaismiUi,- Calgary7 and Col.'- J.y-S:
Dennis," Commissioner-.of Immigration
and Colonization,- will be the repre-
.sentative's.-Qf _the__C.P:R.;. orij_the/_b.oai:d._
D. .Itobb,' Vice-President; .A. E7 Warren, General- JManager; Western .Region ;' and E. A. Field, Lands Commis---
siorier; will represent , the* C.Nit.-,- this
report "declares.. X-, ' /��� VW-W '-'-
-7-Complete.reorganization./wiil, be .effected at ii meeting .of -the"; association
here.. 'It is understood, ��ays"'the.report,. i.hat--ihe- Dom'inion'.Goverhment.
���and /the "two railway, companies have
undertaken jointly-to-finance the; as-;
sociation. to- the ..extent "of $1,6.00,000/
spread over a'-period- of-five .years. .,
.' Steps -.have.' already- been - ta'fo^n-- to
am special settlers'������ excursions', into
Canada:-during:.the -present7 '."summer
S. G.~. Soper and daughter. Mr.
Soper is-Edilor and Proprietor of The
Star-Standard, Areola, Sask.   .
Scottish Firm Has
Closed Big Deal
Taking Over 2,000,000 lbs. of Saskatchewan Butter This Summer
Regina���Negotiations halve been closed Svhereby the entire exportable butter
output ofthe Saskatchewan Co-operative Creameries during the summer
months will-be'sold lo Andrew Clements &..Son, produce merchants, with
headquarters at..Glasgow, Scotland.
The order was.placed by Sir Thomas
Clements following a lengthy conference with the local creamery direc-.
tors. The''', deal" will result in the
Scottish firm handling between two.
and three million pounds of Saskatchewan butter.
I0RTH-Mr���      "
..      DESPERADO PLED
LEO ROGERS, WHO KILLED TWO
CONSTABLES, IS SHOT DEAD
North Bay.���Leo Rogers, North Bay
desperado and slayer of two constables, is dead, being shot and killed
by a posse. The escaped desperado
emerged from the bush about eight
miles from Nipissing, long enough to-
be brought down by a bullet from a
member of Inspector Storey's party,
which, with several other groups, had
been hunting Rogers since his escape
I'rom a crowded court room with a
flourish of a cardboard pistol, some
two weeks ago.
The killing.of Rogers came as the
climax to one of the most dramatic
manhunts this territory has ever experienced. "Bad Leo" brought down
two of his pursuers and wounded another before he himself was dropped
by a bullet. lie shot Detective Fred
Lefebvre shortly after his serialional
escape, and sent'a bullet through the
heart of Sergeant John Urquhart, of
the Provincial Police, a member of a
party thai surprised ilie gtinmqn in
his father's house. ���>
"Train Falls 60 Feet Into giver _
Moscow.���A dispalch from Chita
capital."ot the Far Eastern republic,,
reports that a passenger train in the
Chita-Amur region was wrecke'd on
May 24, with the loss of' many lives.
The-{raiu fell from a bridge into a
river, a distance of 60 feet. Twenty-'
eight bodies have thus far been recovered and it is believed that forty
more are still in the river. ��� More
than one hundred persons were injured.    ,.--'.
Delorme Trial May "Be Delayed .
Montreal.���The-trial ~of Abbe Ade-
lard Delorme on the charge of murdering 'his half brother, Raoul-Delorme, may not be held until the September ' term of the Court of. King's'
Bench here, according to R. L. Calder,
K.C., crown prosecutor. 7 '.    " -'     77-
/^c'?Pt.R*'c'n Budget
. Berlin.-���The- council   of" lhe Reich
adopted the" budget for 1923, as passed
by;the Reichstag. .. The budget-shows
a'' deficit of l"2,40.0,OOO.QOO,000 marks'.'' .
Discuss Livestock Problems
/ ������ '.'":-. '       '.' , '���   ' ''
Flailway Men and Western Stock
Growers Hold Conference. "'
Calgary.���rAt""a meeting held., at- the
PalliseiC Hotel, in Calgary ^between
Messrs. Todd,-. Stephen and MeKean,
representing the Canadian Pacific
Railway, and Messrs. Fair and Rose-"
vear, representing government railways, and Messrs. Riley, Cross, Mac-
Leay and Dillon, representing western
stock growers association, many prob:
lems affecting the livestock- industry
were discussed. A very satisfactory
.hearing was given-the sto'ck growers
and Uie feeling prevails that much
good will result from this conference.
Rilsudski Resigns
"Warsaw.-;���Marshal Joseph Pilsml-
ski, foprner president of "Poland, lias
resigned as'chief of the general staff
and in radical circles it is said he will
withdraw entirely- from the army:.
^Counsel On Grain Commission '.".
Mr. Justice .Tt'irgeon has announced
the 'appointment of D'Ar'cy Scoft/.Ot.-
lawa, 'and."J.'- S. Fisher, AVinnipcg,'. as
senior.and junior counselto-' the" 'Grain
Enquiry. Commission,... -'"      .   :V
-Southern Alberta Floods
Old   Man  River ^Overflows and Causes
Considerable Damage
Calgary.���A special dispatch io the*
Herald from Blairmdre says:��� V
"With twenty families driven out of
their, homes, six houses washed away,
the /Victoria Street bridge' swept out,
anil all the lights,and power off, the
population here is suffering from a
flooding of'the Old Man River, following sixteen hours downpour of rain,
which has done damage; estimated at
more than ten thousand dollars..
The C.P.R. tracks are reported to be
washed out in two or three places between Blairmore and Lumberg, temporarily holding up. all'the railroad
traffic and the suburb of Coleman,
kno(wn as u Bush Town, as.. well as
Frank, with a population of less than
two hundred, a mile east of here, was
also under water. ' ������ ������ .
.'"��� .,   ' V    '"'
PLAGUE    BREAKING    OUT   BADLY
IN   SOUTHWESTERN -SASKATCHEWAN   *
Regina.���Millions of grassiioppers
menace the growing crops in the
southwestern district, west of Assiniboia, Sask. More damage has already been done this year than was
suffered in the province during tlie
whole of last season, according to H.
F. Auld, Deputy Minister of Agriculture, and contror'ofthe pest depends
entirely upon the co-operation of the
farmers in the districts affected with
officials of the Field' Crops'Branch of
the Dept.^of Agriculture and municipal
officers, who are fighting the hoppers
with poison bait.
The locusts will continue to destroy
crops until.tlie end of June or the first
week in July, when they begin to lly.
After that _ damage will not be so
r-evere.
M. P. Tullis, Field Crops Commissioner has gone to Assiniboia to
personally direct the "fight. Mixing
stations have, been established where
farmers may secure bait made of a
mixture of bran, sawdust, .salt,'arsenic
and amyl acela'te. v
'./.���-���'Expect Release Of Captives   '
Tsao Chwang.���Negotiations for release of the 12 remaining foreign captives held by thc Shantung bandits on
Paotzuku mountain, are entering the
final stage and U is expected all will
be Tree within a week.
Government officials will commence
re-enlisting  bandits in    the    Chinese
v
army in accordance wiih outlaw's demand's.
Ottawa.���Objections of the National
Dairy Council and of dairymen's associations throughout the Dominion to
continuance of the importation, manufacture and sale of oleomargarine in
Canada were placed before the members of the committee on agriculture
by reports of the dairy council and
other associations. . In the course of
the meeting a protest was made to tho
chairman by \V. F. Carroll, member
for Cape Breton, South* that the committee should not hear one side oL thc
question without also giving those in
favor of the continuation of oleo a
chance of being heard. Mr. Cart oil,
who lias. a resolution on the order
paper extending the lite *o[ oleo in
Canada was ruled out of order by tlie
chairman, Fred Kay, of Mississquoi,
and left the meeting.
Speakers were D'Arcy, General
Counsel; E. IT. Stonehouse, President
of the Dairy Council; E. T. Love, Secretary of the Alberta Dairymen's Association; and W. A. Wilson, Regina,
Saskatchewan Co-operative Creamery
Company.
Bishop Laments Lawlessness
Kingston,, Ont,-���In . his annual
charge-at thc opening of the 57i.!]rsession " of 'the "Synod of the diocese ��� o'f
Ontario in St. George's /.Cathedral,
Bishop Bidwell deplored the conditions prevailing.1; in a g'reat part of the
world today, pointing out that there
had been a, spirit ' of lawlessness
spreading over the world and that
Canada'was not entirely; free .of this
wave.. -. .        '���    ..      ...   ���      ...���'.
Britain Retains      ,
Blasphemy Laws
Earl    Russeli's   Bill   Refused   Second
Reading in  House of Lords
���    -���-/
London.���The House of Lords nia.de
short/work of the Earl of Russell's bill
to amend the blasphemy laws refusing
second reading by a majority of OS
votes. The object: of the measure
was to provide that no criminal proceedings should be instituted for
���schism, heresy, blasphemy or atheism.
".Abolish the blasphemy laws," the
Earl of Russel said, "and there will
still be protection against offensive
language used in public and calculated to endanger the peace."
Lord Phillimore arguing frpm his
legal experience, pointed out that the
present law was a protection for or-
j dinary occasions. He was not afraid
ofsuiy practical effects which the bill
might have on organized Chrisiianity,
but lhought.it might., be extremely
mischievous in an indirect fashion.
On the advice of the Marquis of Salisbury, speaking for the Government,
second reading was-rejected..
-   -   ���   - Kaiser To  Be Taxed
"Dob'rri.--���Former-   Kaiser' -Willielm
must   pay   income  fax   to. the   Dutch
state as well as to tlie municipality of
Doom,  authorities have  decreed.
TO T0URVAGRICULTEMI,37CANADA
Augustus  Nanton," prominentVWinni-. -from all parts of "the United Stales
J>ecia3tes Rtissiav Will
otMelci Mrther
.ritisli Demands
Moscow.���The. Soviet Government ia
"��� 7: ���-',-   ���    --    '-'-     ������=..- --.    'V
gravely - considering' ihe    latest.- .der
mands of Great Britain"in.the:Anglo-
Russian' dispute ivhicii-are Reported to
ihclud.e.ir.sistence upon", the withdrawal-of the/Russian .representative's' from/
Persia and,Afghanistan,-/,.where ihey
have been accused of anti-British pro-'
paga'nda-. ��� - White no .instructions, to"
Leonid-: Krassin,,.Soviet representative
In /Loudon -have- yet" ;been ..forwarded
ihe tone of.the'oflicial.press indicates
' that" Russia "will not likely yield further.
J'The whole affair now tests with
British public opinion," says the
Izvestia, in. declaring that the appetite
of Lord-���urzon, the. British Secretary
; for. Foreign Affairs, "is growing 'as he
cats," and that he .is  striving _ for."a-
break. ".-"The. Soviet .Government,',-it
.-"adds, "has done everything possible .to
'preserve pe^tce and cannot be-blamed
������'It the results are not satisfactory"::;
���-Ths newspaper, Laboring Jloscqw,
W.
U,   .14.
says: .;'Let: England know ..we '.'will
not. yield to the demands/"I'egarding
I he."'f so-called' "propaganda, in
east.':''-.. -" , : "-��� "7; '������';-: ���'���"���, / ".,.'���
_ -.-Tiie crux bf-nffairs-seems" t'o be.Lord
Gurzpn-s demand" - for- - the recall' or
irtjnimatsky. Russian representative in
Persia, and Lieut.-Raskplnikpy'. repre^/
..serita'tive at'Kabul,'- Afghanistan,-"and
disciplinary punishment. for:-M. -Ruth-,
f-tei'n". former.-Russian representative-
inr Persia, wjto only recently was" elevated to a post in the commissariat
of foreign "affairs. .   ���'".
Laboring Moscow says that Signor
Amadori, a representative bf .-Ita'ly,'
in Moscow, alleged in political quarters to be the -author of cypher dispatches advocating n break, with Russia, is leaving for Rome, never io return; " -      .   ":      ���' ":"-;.���' . ' 7 '.   ���'���.'
"... The appearance ne'ar't'he.Murmansk
cbast-of.two British cruisers, gunboat
and several armed "trawlers is .reported by -the Moscow newspapers,'.which
. comment ufrfra the;' possible .; significance of the wayships'coining.'''.'   "'
Asks "Armed Action
Against Brigands
Americans Held By: Chinese Outlaws
Suggest' Foreign   Intervention
���Tien Tsin.���An armed intervention
by the -"foreign powers to put down
banditry in China is favored by Major
Roi'aiui .AV. Pingei-; L\S.A���" one of the
l-l foreigners held by outlaws on Paotzuku Mountain. lie expressed this
opinion in a leUer to the Associated
Press received here.
Shanghai.���Major Robert, A. Allan,
ol' ihe United Slates army and Wr.
Smiih, of Manchester, England, who
wore captured i>y bandits May 6, have
been released, accoiding to advices
received here. ~__     _    _-    	
British Warships Appear
Moscow.���'Die appearance, near the
Murmansk coast ol two British ciuis-
ci's, a gunboat and several armed
tiuwlers is repoited by the Moscow
newspapers, which comment upon the
possible significance'of the warship's
coming. It is reported that Lord
Curzon, the British Foreign Recreiary,
i.s slill insisting upon withdrawal ot
the Russian repiosentatives lrom
Persia.
Belgian Scheme
For Reparations
Proposes Monopoly of Certain German
Commodities  and   Exploitation   of
Railroads
Paris.���Belgium's reparations plan,
according to Le Matin, suggests the
formation in the Reich of monopolies
in such commodities as alcohol, sugar
and tobacco," together with the exploitation of'the "railroads' and state
property. The proposed monopolies
would be managed by international
syndicates on which the Allies would
be well represented.
The newspaper says Premier The-
unis believes that this plan would
furnish a, minimum - of 2,400,000,000
gold marks, annually. It'-would have
the.,..advantage of making Germany's
debt a /commercial one and _would
mean that she would And wajs of
meeting it within her own borders,
thus making it unnecessary ior the
French and Belgians to relinquish
their pledges. *
Trade Treaty With France
Bill, Introduced Into Senate Is Given
Second. Reading
Ottawa.���The Senate gave second
reading to (he bill to give effect to the
trade treaty with France and adopted
in-'committee all clauses except three
of the combines bill.
Speaking, on' the French treaty,
Senator Beaubien. said there were
two conditions which made trade with
France "difficult, at the present time,
the. depreciation in the value of the
franc and the lack of knowledge by
the French people,. of_ Canadian production.'- Once the franc regained its
nominal .value, "and there -was a fair
prospect of this being accomplished
shortly, trade with France would be
very valuable. *
, lie instanced the development of
Canada's canned salmon trade with
France as an example of what could
be done by educating the French people to tlie possibilities of Canadian
trade.
Death Of John Stovel
Winnipeg.���Winnipeg has lost on?
oi its most prominent citizens in the
death at Rochester, Minn . of John
Stovel, head of the StcM el Priming
Company, lormer member of ihe provincial legislature, and a past president o'f the Winnipeg Boardof Tiade
and other business, men's organization".      Mr  ftSiovel underwent* a peri-
_
on.-,    operation    at    Rochester,    irom
v. hich hc did'not  rali>.
Soviets Are Vindictive
Reported That Swiss Residents in
Russia Are Persecuted
Berne.���Although the Soviet authorities /deny acts "of revenge against
Swiss residents in Russia for the assassination of M. Vorovsky, at Lausanne, advices received from some of
iho Swiss in that country icport that
Communists haie organized a regular
programme against them. At Odessa,
the chairman of the Swiss colony has
been killed and two other prominent
Swiss residents have been badly injured. Numerous Swiss have been
arrested at Pctrograd, Moscow and
Kiev and S-wiss stores pillaged.
>l
Strike Oi! Gusher In Alberta
Calgary.���A gusher whicli threw oui
D.t'.OO barrels of oil and is now flowing at the rate of 3,500 barrels,daily,
has heen struck in 'he Shelby-ICeivin-
Sunburst..field, according to telephone
rcpoits received here.
V     . ., Feof. EaxlUh   bay  Uri��ffi-"-"pli��t<i��r��paei"-��b..n_l'-.ih��_ C��o*Si��n. F*eifie- ��<e*ioer "Mtmteaira" prlir U, rtillas from En��U��rf.
���It -js-verv liittch' to be doubled
.---.���       -   * ���
four happier bo>s ever arrived in Can
ada than Clifford White. Gordon Salter. Joseph Murray* and ��� Leopard
.Grimmer, recent passengers on th.:
Canadian Pacific steamship Monicalm.
Singular opportunity ,lias come to
these, boys, whose lives have been
largely circumvented by their small
villages in England", to cross the Atlantic, to see ihe wonders of Canada
snd her.. nVodes of agriculture, and,
having seen, and learned, to use their
knowledge to -the "advantage of'boys
otii'r than-themselves.���'"..���������;.".". .-���-.' , ..
..--Some, time ago. the'T.onuon Daily
Mail organized a movement known as
it' Britain," along" similar- lilies to -iho.-e
operated i$ Canada ..arid .the United
States for the purpose 'of encouraging
boys in specialized - farming.- Pis
clubs, -calf clubs, poultry' clubs and a
host, of other clubs-were formed in almost every- farmirtg commmuniiy in
the British .Isles, and various competitions brought about much enthusiasm among the young-farmers.'
��� The' idea was-,,e6ncelved of promoting a spirit o.f emulation and competition between -the- agricultural students
of .the^Mothcrland and Canada, and
giving those of. England a more coxh-
prehehsiv-e.'understanding of farming
cohdi!ions .overseas. .. E. \V7-_Bf-r_tty,
President*' ot the ' V .Canadian: V.PscISc
Archaeologists Search
At Gravesend For
Railway, -..who':, is .- an actire .worker
. the "TTCung Farmer's. Clubs of Great i among ".iroy's .'.was , a'jiproa'thed.
anu
through his. geneio.iiu it wa- m.ule
.possible for tl"i��we lour bo>-, pir/e
winners among all the Lin-' :.g_iuil-
'iu'ral-clubs of firem lhitain. 'o tonit.
to Canada, tour ilK> Dominion an.l
tckfi a full summer coui-m- at an Alberta agricultural college.
The benefitsfwhich may follow in
the wake of tbeir \isit are manifold.
Upon.- iheir return to England ihe
diaries- which the> aie keeping will
be edited and published by the Daily
-Mail and various fr.rm journals-, anil
ihe minds of other toojs ia the ���< arious
Chits-will no .doubt'be-turned to. the
advantages Canada has to-offer. . An'
immigration Row o* such fi class, even
eventually."-should be from��� Canada's
standpoint,""".-V*e "<KO-t valuable snd
profitable..-"
Grawsend. V-ne���Another -torm o!
piotesi over ihe exhuniaiion ol iotie
lorgotten dead, leminiscent o[ thai
-a hich attended
Carnarvon    and
his pains by indignant Bii'.ons v.hose
boiebcars iie buiied -with the legan-
dar\ sa^ iour ol Captain John Smith,
the efforts ot Lord j Some of them declared that if Gaston
Howard Carter to , violated iheir dead, he would be r-urs-
resurrect King Tut. has greeted the j ed by evil spirits and would "meet tho
attempts of scientists seeking to re-   same fate as Carnarvon."
Undaunted by these threats and
dire forbodings, accompanied by - a
tfrred in the grave>ard of the parish . number of British anthropologists
<hurch in this little town on thei?r.d pttysieians. and armed with au-
Thames. ' . ihorisy.from the Home OfEee, Gaston,-
, Edvard Page G'astosV of Chicagal j who asserts tha* he is "a Hneal de-
archae'oiogist,. -who' led the modern Ucendant of Pocahontas .dug iip more
excavating patty wiikh attempted ;tban a huriGred'skeletons-whl'ila crowiS
io secretly unearth the bones of the! of hostile villagers peered through th*
Indian'FriEcess,  was' .'threatened  for :"iion gates of thc churchyard.   "    "
cover the remains of the Indian Princes*.  Pocahontas,  believed to he in-
���? ��� .is!
-���^"il
____m_u_u my���
MBHiiffii.""*
SOT   LEDG1,   ��BEENWOOB,   BBITI9H   00LUMBO1.
THE LEDGE
Is $2.00 a year strictly in ad-ranee, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain aud
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
G. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $35.00
Coal and OU Notices    7.00
Bstray Notices 3.00
Cards of Thanks     1.00
Certificafe of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim ap-
o
pears lr> notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
Greenwood Superior School
Report for Month of May, 1923
DIVISION I
Anaconda School
Report for May
to" AH other legal "advertising, 12 cents a
line first Insertion, and S cents a line for
each subsequent Insertion, nonpariel
"measurement.
Transcient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I2#c. ;a line each insertion.
The blue cross means.that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to'have more money.
M. A.  McLoughry,   Principal
No. iu Claas - -        19
Average Attendance       -       18.47
Percentage of Attendance      97.21
Proficiency List
Entrance: George Morrison,
Beaaie Bidder, Allan Fraser, John
Wyder, Silvia Price, Ernest
Wyder, Mary Kerr, Cicilia Hallstrom, John Kerr, Jesse Puddy,
Ruby Goodeve, Doris Kinsman,
Bennie Hurst, Mary Klinosky.
First Year High School: Juan
Puddy, Mildred McLaren, Bobert
Mowat.
Second Year High School: Ethel
Fraser, Mabel Axam.
Regularity and Punctuality:
Bessie Bidder, Allan Fraser,
Bennie Hurst, John Kerr, Doris
Kinsman, Silvia Price, JeBse
Puddy, Cicilia Hallstrom, Mabel
Axam, Ethel
Mowat.
28*
Friendship made in   a moment
is of no moment.
A woman is   never   too   old  to
make a fool out of some boob.
Smoking in the street was  once
an offence punishable by fine.
Truth is never popular. The
majority spend their lives in avoiding it.
Some people go to church more
to Eave their faces than to save
their souls;
There is one attempt in which
failure is unforgivable���the attempt
to be funny.
The edict' is that womans hair
and clothes roust harmonize. That's
why. they are bobbing the hair.V 7
VScientists tell.-us that bur. ancee-
tors lived i-'n. trees... Guess 7 that
mujit.be" right. The.average ban
is up a tree most: of the time..
It cokts a lot to livethese days VV
. More than it did of yore      ���'. ; -_���.
But. when you come to think of it.
Its worth a whole lot inbre.:
���.-We .--know a giddy girlie
;;"Wh6 dr'eBaes like a whizz,   .
And though her mind., is! not  oft
made up; '..   V ,
.-." Tho rest bf her sure is.
Premier to 7 Tour Interior
, .Premier Oliver will. leave shortly
for another speaking tour of the
province,, when he will address the
electorate upon'-. the freight - rates
question." 7N"ext month he and Mr.
G. G. McGreer,.will go to. Ottawa
. when the eiifeire freight rates' mat-,
���ter will, be .fully, considered by
Premier MacKenzie King and. bis
cabinet. "/;PremierVOliver is optimistic 7 over the probable- outcome
and maintains that.wifehin', a'cbm ���
paraiive short time this province,
. as well ag^ Alberta -and Saskatchewan; will enjoy as'-low rates as .the
��� eastern provinces; V. 'XX)'X'.'" 7 -, "7.
So^ar this, season 300 forest fifes
have been reported to. they government, /andv while   they have not
assumed    alarming    proportions.
r'afeillV Hon. V^.;,D. - Pattullo,.  is
-sending but fresh warnings all-over
fehe-  province,  for   citizens   and
officials, to be mora careful.    If the
. magnificent forests of British Columbia  are .to.be   conserved the
public must co-operate to the fullest extent. V r
Attention is being'called7 bythe"
7 government to the regulations gov.
enriegthe keeping   of dogs.-   In
sheep protected districts all dogs
muaS be licenced and anyone may
kill a dog which ia found worrying
ehesp.    The owner of, the 'dog ie
alio liable to a fine of SoOupon
eumisary conviction. . Hon. T. D.
Paitallo states that h& is determined to increase  the  number of
she*p in tbe province go lhat it will
no* be necessary to import snillions
of dollars worth bf mutton annusl-
jj- xyyyyyyx '..������"'. :x.
Fraser,     Robert
DIVISION ii
E. A; Olson, Teacher
-No', on Roll "- -" - 28
Average Attendance - 25.97
Percentage of Attendance       93.78
Proficiency List
First Year Senior Grade: Edward Johnson, Vera Walmsley,
John McDonell, Eraine DuHamel,
Tillie McDonell.
Second Year Intermediate Grade:
George Bryan, George Hurst,
Leo Madden, Helen Kerr, Percy
Fraser, William Walmsley, Lawrence DuHamel, John Putzel.
First Year Intermediate Grade:
Allan McCurrach, Harry Hallstrom, Robert Mitchell, Lewis
Mitchell and Margaret Royce
equal, Marguerite Ritchie, Edward
Parry, Eileen Bryan", Arthur Cox,
Bertram Price, Daniel Kerr, Meredith Fenner, Allan Morrison,
Thomas WalmBley, V -7
Regularity and Punctuality: .-'V
; .Eileen Bryan, George Bryan,
Arthur Cox, Lawrence DuHamel,
George 7 Hurst, ;��� Lewis Mitchell",
Robert..Mitchell,.Margaret Royce,"-
Thomas y\Vn]ms\ey) X- William
Walmsley, ���-"���-_.Harry .Hallstrom,
Eraiue. DuHamel, Edward Jobh-
���flon.77 """-"��� ."7 V. V- ; V   -    ' " " .
'������'_  :���:' ['���'   [ DIVISION'III   "''    '-  --."-"���;.
. . E- B.V McKinnell,. Teacher. -
TNo.oh Roll '-'���, W.-,-; y')). 29
Average Attendance... -V 7"- 28.07
Percentage of Attendance      :9G.79
PROFICIENCY . TLlST    ���    7" " .'-'  "''.;"'   '  " -
;First Primer: Kathleen Forshaw,
John. McCurracti, June' Toney,
Stanley. Kinsman, DavidT-Nictible,
James ..For'shavv, Victor VRitchie,
Mark TMadden, Leonard Sortome.
7 Book II A. WRuth Cox, Jack
Morrison. Beatrice McLaren, John
McGillvray, Alice Ritchie, Viola
Benson,-Albert Kinsman.
7 7 Book III 7B.:" Helen .'��� Bakke;
Francis Jenkin, Robert Forshaw,^
Cleo Toney, Brace Terhune,' Roy
Bakke; Robert Carlson,; Lewis
Clerf/. Geo. Mon .Yen, Roy Hallstrom, Charles Royce.. V    7 7....
. Book7 "III7 A.:   . Eugene \Mc-
Gillvrayi Helen Hurst.    X-X'-.    V
Regularity and Punctuality: "
7 Helen Bakke, Roy Bakke, Viola
Benson, Robert CarlsonV Lewis
Clerf, Kathleen Forshaw,.; James
Forshaw,, [Robert .. Forshaw, Roy
Hallstrpm,/ Helen Hurst, FranciB
Jenkin, Albert, Kinsman^. John
Hugh' McCurrach,1 Cleo.. Toney,
June Toney,; Gee Mon YenWvW.
Miss H. E. Hopps, Teacher.
No. on roll - - 13
Average daily attendance       12.95
Percentage of attendance      ^99.
Total actual attendance       -     2S5
Proficiency list.
Entrance^    Lilly Intilla.
Intermediate Grade 2nd Year:
Andrew Anderson.
Intermediate Grade 1st Year:
John Campolieto, Euginia Campolieto, Rosie Bombini.
Junior Grade 3rd Reader: Alice
Hingley.
Junior Grade 2nd Reader:
Cynthia Docksteader,- Arnold
Bombini.
Beginner's Reader: George Hingley, Dorothy Boag, Elbert Granberg, Peter Maletta, Elmer Granberg.
Perfect attendance:
Andrew Anderson, Arnold Bombini, Rosie Bombini, Euginia
Campolieto, John Campolieto,
Cynthia Docksteader, Elbert Granberg, Elmer Granberg, Alice
Hingley, George Hingley, Lilly
Intilla, Peter Maletta.
".-������'- ���- Crop. .Report V '-
Prospects'are goodV.for crops in
all lines except for potatoes, and
stnail fruits, in British,: Columbia!
according to the Bank of Montreal
crop report.. Weather conditions
are favourable with . ample moisture; -���-.' except i��7 Ashcrof t and .Mer-:
vitt districts. Seeding is completed.
In the Okanagan Valley all fruits
have set well and indicate large
crops. Winter apples are especially
heavy. Range and pasturage are
above average,, except in lower
Cariboo and Nicola Valley, where
rain., is. badly .needed. 'A grasshopper, plague V is, feared ;'.in. the
Nicola district'--.-:-'-     '-'--:'""" -.':V 7
v. The; 7 I^dgcVcaq-/supplyV'.yoiir
every need ...iu'. ��� the Vpriatiag line
and 7 at ���" "prices : consistent /with
first-class.woirkV'.TV WV- WW" V
Norwegian Creek School
Report for May
Ada M. Burnstill, Teacher.
Number of-pupils       -_    .-       21
Total attendance       - 376.5
Average attendance       - 19.70
Percentage of attendance 90.
Perfect Attendance:
Charles Riley, lames' Riley.
Proficiency List
Sr. 5th Reader:  Andrea Caron.
Fourth Reader: Yves Bohemier, Lawrence Folvik,. Madeleine
Gidon, Jules Caron,- Daisy
Watson.     .
Third Reader: Alice Watson,
Louis Carou, Irene Watsou,
Marc Bohemier, Gisele Bohemier.
Second Reader: Alexina Gidon,
Mai Bohemier.
First Reader: Charles Riley,
May Clark, Angemarie Bohemier,
James Riley, James Watson,
Virginia Riley.
Receiving Class: Mary Gidon,
Bertille Bohemier.
Boundary Falls School
Report for May
Nellie Axam, Teacher
No. on Roll     '"-       -       ���        23
No. attending during month       19
Perfect Attendance:
Alice Casselman, Verdun Casselman, Annie^wanlund.
Proficiency list.
Fifth Reader,. Senior: Annie
Swanlund, Joseph Krouten.   ���
Fifth Reader, Intermediate'.
Caroline Casselman, Beatrice
Casselman.
Third Reader: Alice Casselman,
Jovie Klinosky, Andrew -Swanlund, Annie Klinosky. Daniel
Boltz, (absent during examinations. )
Second Reader: Helen Casselman,.Frank Krouten.
... First Reader: -Verona Klinosky,
Edna Swanlund, Gladys Mitchell,
Verdun Casselman, Louise Swanlund.; .._- :..""-"   .-.���"���, VV ���'...._;"y.      7.-
Receivers:. Alfred Bouers, Alice
Bbiiers .(equal)'- Mae" Mitcliell.;   '
Midway SchoolV _,;'
���"--_'!'- Report for JMay:
V   ,     7   '���.''.���"��'  ..  --  --���' - --���' --" - ���
.0. M. Macklin, Teacher'.;,-W
No. of. pupils enrolled;' ;.--- 7���"'V 39
No. attending during month V . 26
Aggregate-day'sva.tteridance - 475.��.
Percentage bf attehdancev V  S3.11
7 Proficiency-list:-"       .     . Vv 7
-{;Senior--.Fifth. Readex;:.. Nellie
Brown,.;Annie Thomet, ~ ..-
-.Junior. Fifth, Reader:; .Pearl
.Johnson, 'Joy; Sharp,; jUice -_ McMynn. V  "'    --,'��� 7 V   ..     -X"'xy ���''-���
..Fourth Reader: - Roy- Sharp,
Rosalie. Brown, 7 Leonard.. Mpli.
'.Thirds Reader: - May 7. Sharp,
Mayneen Bush,. Jphnriy McMynn,
Yerna.Evans, Kenneth Stewarts
Second ReaderV .GladwinSharp,
Jimmy Brown, Dorothy. Birch.   .
First' '.Reader: 7 Ol wen. Mair,
Bernadine Brown.. V-
Receiving Glass: Gordon Roberts,
Alice Mair, Peter VBidino, Luceal
Evans, Billy Moll, Marion Mair!: -
.... Punctuality and Attendance:.
7 Jimmy-Brown, Bernadine Brown,
Verna-. Evans, X Luceal. Evans;
Pearl Johnson,, John,".. McMynn,
Gordon Roberts, Gladwin Sharp,
Joy Sharp, ;May Sharp^Eby Sharp,
VAnnie Thomet. V 'W'
Here and Thei\
Seeding in Alberta was two weeka
later this year than last.
A second partyof Swiss immigrants
recently arrived at St. John aboard
the Melita and are en route for tl\e
West, where they will engage in
agriculture.
Twenty-two thousand immigrants
to Canada from -the United States
were inspected on. trains and-highway crossings at the 33 points from
Port Arthur to Kingsgate, B.C., during March of ��his year.
To date the port of Vancouver has
shipped or booked 17,000,000 bushels
of wheat to' the Orient and South
America. The railroads expect at
least 2,500,000 additional bushels to
be shipped this Way in . the near
future.
The memory of tho early missionaries of the Oblate Order will be
perpetuated by the Canadian Pacific
Railway, and several statioirs' on the
extensions of their . lines ' between
Kipawa-and Quinze will bear names
of early members of that organization which did so much for tho
colonization of the country.
Old newspapers for sale ' at
The Ledge office. Get some before they are ail-gone.
".. Send. Your .
BOOTS  and  SHOES W
V " WV77 X To :.' --. - X'-Xy.-'"
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work- aiid. material guaranteed.- We
_: pay.postage.one way. ��� "'Teniis Cash.7
:{    ASSAYER
E..-'-'W.-' WIDDOWSON, Assayer and
Ch'eniist," .Box BI108, "Nelson, B. C.
'Ckarges^Gbld, Silver, Copper or/Lead
$1.25 each. Gold-Silver.7 #1.75.^. Gold-
Silver with Copper ...or Lead j.3.0'0. -Sil-
ver-Lead"$2.oo.'.Silver-Lead-Ziiic $3^00.
Charge's, for"-"other metals, :etc, on,application.' 7     -.   '/ . y'-Xy
[X,y   X-y-^.. LAND ACT- , ' -x XX:
NOTICE   OF   INTENTION" TO' APPLY  TO
.'"    PURCHASE LAND 7. "
Iri Siinllkameea Division of Yale Land District,'
...Recording District of Penticton, B. C, and
..   sltuate'near Spencer, B.C.; situated west of
' and'adjoining Lot 1737 S-D. Y. D7'
TAKE NOTICE-that CO days after, dale
I, Abel Trombley, of- Eiioli, B.C.; occupation
'laiicher, liitcud io apply .for permission to ptir-
cliase tbe followinjf.described lands:'-.. ;---
' . Conimenciug: at a post planted' 20 cliains
South of .tiie North-West'Corner-of "Lot 1"3",
thence SbuU.1.20 chiiins; thence West 20 chains:
theuce NorUt'20chaius'; thence East 20 chains
and containing 40 acres more or-less, forgraz-.
Infjpurposes. :"-'---" V ���'
-' V. ABEI, TROMBLEY, ..-
"���-'     .     '     -'     "... ',-   'Applicant."
Datcd-jfd"April,'1923..,''.. -7;   -v ," 7   ���?" ' '.'
Boy Sebuts
-Troop    meets 7oq 7 Friday    al
7:30. p.m.7 iathe, Fire Hall.  Xy
CUES
V The Cubs will meet- on -Saturr.
day;.at. 2-30 p;  trT. [my the "Fire,
Hall.'V WW'*���'-'- -���'--���"' ' '
No one but (liu sufferer knows the terrible acony
or-the Itc-tlng nature-of I'Bm and'how liowlra��-
lt. Bti'ina ta-iry tot relief ia ointments, Injections
' and - dilators.' --"-'--,        '    '".'
'.'-..    '���-.-'   denius produces. '  ,-" -
X: -7'��PAX'? -777;
Internal Pile Remedy
Tat. Is. the prescription of'n. well. Isnorni -phyilelan
*nd has' rroTed successful ��� Iri hundreds of. esses..
Pax. Is  Internal  distinct: from' 'any other  treat- -
ment.- ApDllc-ttlons from tlio outside  are futile."
No'ointments.-lhjectlons  or "dilators   are  ncres-.
sarjr.   Vex Is complete and Is a vegetable rctuetb.
contains no dries' or  alcohol.   .
. If. j'ou-.hare  not  hitherto  found  relief  do  not
di-spalr,   place  faux faith  In  Pai.      "   .
Except  in  unmually stubborn cases, one bix  is
usually sufficient . -;���''���-;
Get "PAX". from jour - Drusjlst or If he 'cannot
sui'ply you send One-.'fioUar and 'T_1X'��. will be'
sent you'in a"plain packam.--'
7:.' i' XXi-C&QWU CHEBSICAI.--
; saootrcss or gakajja
iOlS aJominloff Bulldiaff
VAarCOTTffEB,  B. c.
Palace Livery Stable
W. B. DOCKSTEADER, PROP,
v "Express and Heavy Drayinr
Vy   Auto's and; Truck For Hire, Day or Right   ').,
.-V'.    -:. .���-'"'���'-:'������' "-'-".''' ��� X, We.carorVV :'������:-'    ���   '"-' X' "-."'-''
V))xx.:'jit^x^ls, "Greases, ';Hay^and Grain -;'-.
��� OfficePlsose 13." ���-���.-.���-'."Resideacie PhossSL
DID  YOU   THINK
What the smoke-filled valleys meant to you last
������'��� yea^ ���
What the,timber charred, burned, and blackened
means to YOUR future?
That the wages paid last year for the tie crop
.    -along the Grand Trunk was approximately,
$383,000?
That the forest will remain a source of revenue to
you if kept green?   ^     -
Then be careful with fires.   Do not destroy your
own livelihood.
PREVENT   FOREST   FIRES
IT   PAYS       7
SEMI-READY
Tiailored Clothes
Men's Suits arid Overcoats
For Spring and Summer
Splendid Assortment of New���
Samples Just Arrived
Call and see them
".".'.     '���at-"      '" )
T.   THOMAS
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
Summer Excursion Fares
To Eastern Destinations
. On Sale Daily May 15fh to Sept. 15
Return Limit Oct. 31
Winnipeg  $72.00
Toionto1 J>H3-75
-Hamilton S113.75
. London $H3-75
Quebec ..$r4i.8o
St.John $160.30
St. Paul $72.00
Minneapolis .....$72.00
Duluth- $72.00-
Fort William ..: .$86.30
Niagara Falls  ..$126.62
Ottawa ........$127.95
Montreal"... $132^75.
Monctdn ...$160.30
Halifax........7.. $166.95
Chicago $86.00
New York ..$r47-.4o
Boston  _...,.-.._: $153-50
_ 'W   " "-���- TAX ADDITIOWAL     ;
Many Additional Destinations     "���._-���-
v Ask for Rates from and to any Point
,'��-'XiRoute, via PortVArthur or via Soo"""L.ioe, throuigh
Winnipeg or Portal,,thence via Chicago or Sault Ste, Marie
via Great Lakes; or���via California at additional fare; or. good-
to go via one of the above routes, return another. V
J. S, CARTER, Dist. Pass. Agt.,
;;":7'"{v^;';;v"7'VNelsoni.B.C.    ��� ��� ��� ~ '
J
'-'-x V ."-'y....--.' -"pf'Canada,;Limited :."V'-"'''"'
V V   -: V -Office;. Smelting and Refining Department     .'
7    V .'   - ;     TRAILS BRITISH-';COLUMBIA V ,\ . .7 '���[-.
^MiELTERS AND REFINERS       w
Purchasers of Goldr Silver, Copper, Lead andviinc Ores
.:" 7 Producers  oi ;Goid, ..Silver,  Copper, 7Pig. Lead' and Zinc  7
.   "TADANAC'' BRAND
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
Minimum price   of first-class   land\"~
reduced to $5 an acre; second-class to
$2.50 an acre.   -���    '���"   . ;' ��   --���'   .-��� ��
Pre-emption now confined to-sur-
veyed-lands only. 7" c
Records will be granted . covering
only land suitable for agricultural
purposes and which is non-timber
land. .���'..-���
- Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of not more than fou"r may
arrange, for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences," but each making
necessary improvements on respective
.claims.       - .    ..    ' , ^'., V'
Pre-emptors'must  occupy    claims
for  five   years_ arid   must make   improvements to -value of $10  per acre, .
including clearing .and  cultivation of
at   least    5   acres,    before   receiving.
Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not '
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may because of ill-health, or other cause, b*e
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.
Records without.permanent residence
may, be . issued, provided applicant
makes improvement to extent, of $300
per annum- a.nd records same each
year. Failure to make improvements
or record same will-operate as for-"
feiture. -Titl-e cannot be obtained'in
less than 5, years, and improvements of
$10.00 peracre, including. S acres cleai-
ed and.cultiyated, and residence of at
least 2 years are required.
"Pre-emptors holding Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction., with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements made
and residence maintained, on Crown
granted laud. _��� '
Unsurveye'd areas not exceeding 20
���acres, may be leased as homesltes; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
For grazing and industrial; purposes,
areas exceeding 640 acres may be
leased by one person or company.
���Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber land not exceeding- .40 acres
may be purchased; conditions- include
payment of stunipage. -,
Natural hay meadows, inaccessible
by existing .roads ,may be purchased
conditional upoii construction of a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of cost of
road, not exceeding half of-purchase
price, is-made.
PRE-EMPTORS'  FREEliGBANTS ACT
The scopeu5f this Act is enlarged^ to.
include all persons joining aiid serving'*-
with His Majesty's.Forces.   The time
'hi which the heirs or devisees-of .a deceased . pre-emptor liiay- apply'for title
under this act is extended from one
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion of the present -war.. This privilege is made retroactive.      -
No fees relating.to pre-emptions. are
due or payable by soldiers on pre-emptions recorded- after June 26, 1918.
Taxes.are-remitted for five years.
'., Provisions for return of -moneys accrued, due and been paid since.August
4,1.914, on account of. payments; fees or
"taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions.
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by  membersof-
Allied Forces, or. dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted- from enlistment to March 31st, 1920. :.   '
7   SUB-PURCHASERS OF CROWN LAND
_ Provision   made   for   insurance    of
Crown" Grants   to  sub-purchasers  of
Crown.-Liands, acquiring rights from
purchasers who failed tocomplete pur- ���
chasa,:iBVolving" forfeiturer^on:f ulfilU "
ment o.f conditions of purchase; interest,
arid, taxes.'-. Where '.sub-purchaser's do
not claim whole of original parcel, purchase price dueVind- taxesTrnay -be distributed -proportionately    over whole
areai. -Applications-must" be made by-
May 1,1920.7 --.��� -- .'''������   ":'
-.-��� > -���.;--       -- ..grazing:; - ���--.-'���"
\ Grazing.A,ct,.3919, for systematic development, of- livestock, industry -provides "--for grazing districts, and.fange
Bdministratioii -under' Commissioner.
Annual grazing permits isWed based
on numbers ranged; priority for estab-.
lished owners.' Stock owners may. form .
Associations-.for range .management.
Free, or partiallyVfree, ^permits for
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten
-hea'd;- -,-i        \     ���'���_   .   -.X -X'X.' -
* .��
-.'     :'���'
"t
Tk Mineral Pfeyte
:::xVxV)X- 7^::';        TO END OF DECEMBER, 1922 ;:V   ":i VyX'xVx
Has produced Minerals valued as follows:   Placer. Gold,r .$76,542,203; Lode
7     Gold, $109,647,661; Silver, $59,814,266; Lead $51,-810,891; Copper, $170,723,242;  .
7 Zfiic,  $24,625,853; Miscellaneous Minerals, $1,358,839; Coal and;6oke, 8238,-   ���;
. -V 7 289,565; Bnilding, Slone, Brick,; Ceiaeat, efec, $36,6O5;042, inakiag its Mineral, :'x
'-'���-.     Pro'dncfeion to the end of.1922 show:   --W; -/'7 7-: -.X-'\���-���
An Aggregate ValwOf ^769;4l^,462 V   v
rodnction for V^m^tf^
The  Mining  Laws of this Province are more liberal, and the. feag lower,
than those of any other Province in the Dominion, or any Colony in the British
e        Empire.
Mineral locatiortB are granted to disebverera for Dominal fees, v-
. AlKoiate Titles are  obtained   \yf developing such properties, the security
.    of which is gaarftnteedt by Crowa Grants* -        ' -   W"     '
_ Fall information, together with Mining Ssporta sad Maps,, nsay be obtained "
.   - gratis by addressing���. ..-.-.  V   '- "'      ��� _
'xxV:VxV'y' ~ T8E BOS. THE MINISTER OF MINES
-YICtOMA, Mtlsk ColBOiMa,

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