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The Ledge Jan 19, 1922

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 'Provincial Library  ,
/
1
,i.M
THE  OLDEST  MIMIHG  CAMP  NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH  COLUMBIA
y ,.
fif.'.y1---':. ���'
Vol.   XXVIII.
GREENWOOD, B/C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 19,  1922.
V
We carry a large line of
Hardware^ House-Furnishings, Etc.
Inspect our stock before buying elsewhere
-VIM
T.
PHONE 28.
M. GULLEY & CO.
  GREENWOOD, B.C
H| We are fishing for your Business   |j
B,   Fresh   ��
SALMON   and   HALIBUT
' ������ Smoked       "-	
"Kippered   Salmon,    Sable   Fillets
Finnan   Haddie,     Bloaters
        Salt       : ~
Cod     and   Herring
g   LEE & BRYAN        Phone 46   g
Wall Papers
1922 Samples Just In
THEY ARE BEAUTIES
You. Want To See Them
No; 28
fi-
Around Home
Midway News
GOODEVE'S   DRUG   STORE
000��00000000"0��<H>��00<*H>000<>C<K>^^
1  WINDSOR HOTEL
GREENWOOD. B. O.
'
The WINDSOR HOTEL is .heated witU steam
and electricity. .Fine sample rooms. A comfortable home for tourists and travellers. Touch the
wire if you wane rooms reserved. The buffet is
replete  with  cigars,  cigarettes, cooling beverages,
buttermilk7and ice-cream. * ~ $
OOOOOOOOOO<>OOO<>O0O-CK><>C>OOOO<>O^
���s *   ~~       y^
Ladies Braclet Watches
A fine line of
Waltham Watches   .
In 16 Size Gold Filled and Nickel cases
$15.00 up
Silver Spectacle Case a nice Gift
for Mama
Pricei list /
WALTHAM WATCHES
In a variety of cases
Just in a trial shipment of
Canada's   Best   Flour
We feel sure this brand will meet the demands
expected of any flour
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Mrs. C. J. Carlson left on
Tuesday for yancouver, where
she will reside.
A Masquerade Carnival will'be
held in the Greenwood Rink, on
Friday, Jan. 27.
A.TR. Lord, of Kelowna, Public
School Inspector, paid an official
visit to 'the schools throughout
the district this week.
Capt. Van Yarrow arrived from
Penticton on Wednesday and is
relieving in the :local branch of
the Bank of Commerce.      f|
The annual Vestry /meeting
of St. Jude's Church will be held
on Sunday, January 22nd, at the
close of the evening service.
A genuine Waltham Watch,
guaranteed, for $13 00 at Mc-
Elmon's.  "
At the recent civil service ' examinations for stenographers held
in Greenwood Miss K. McRae, of
of -Penticton,   and   Miss   A.  E-
Beattie were successful candidates
Dr. H. S. Simmons, dentist of
Anyox, and an old timer of
Greenwood;-died .7 on the Str,
Venture, near Ocean Falls last
.week. He leaves .a widow and
one son.
Mrs. S. ���Griswold, of Camp
point, Illinois, will pay $50 to
the first person who gives information that will put herin communication: with her son, Emerson Griswold, who has been
missing since June, 1920.
On Saturday a-carload of ^35
heifers arrived from Calgary,
Alta., in charge of, Wm. Gardner.
The herd is a fine grade of Here-
fords.and Shorthorns- -_ Av. Sater,,
R. Folvik and" R7 Forshaw purchased the lot between them.
This makes the third shipment of
cattle that has come into the
valley during the past few
months.   -
Ace Mesker is spending  a few
days in Spokane.
George Green has returned from
Penticton where he has been work-
1 ing on the power line.
Spencer Beunerman who has
been confined to his bed for two
weeks is now on the mend and able
to be up.
MrB. A. C. Meeker entertained a
number of little girls on Wednes-
day 11th in honor of her granddaughter's (Mins Edythe Griffin)
fifth birthday. . A very enjoyable
time was spent.
On Thursday 10th inst. the
Whist Club held a drive in the old
school house. A delightful time
was enjoyed by all. The first prize
went to Mrs. R. A. Brown and
Robt Brown, jnr.,"Mrs. R. D. Kerr
and Harold Caron carried ofi.booby
prizes. Refreshments were sorted
by Mrs. H. H. Pannell and Mrs.
R. A. Rrown.
Kettle Valley Notes
Mise P. Hookam returned from
Penticton on Monday's train.
G. Cawston is in the Valley buying a carload of cattle for David
' Spencer, Vancouver.
W.. Johns has moved into the
residence recently occupied by O.
Wheeler and family.
The Junior W. A. had their
first meeting this year, at the residence of Mrs. F. Bubar.
WEDDING
Mr. JBaynes, of Kelowna paid a
visit .to hie ranch up Nicholson
creek. Along with R. Bruce he
has a contract for 3500 ties.
Anaconda is becoming famous
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TAYLOR <& JENKIN i
PHONEJ7. GREENWOOD  I
I        ���      . ~   ���-   - ��� ; "
Bums' Shamrock Brand Sausage
make an appetizing breakfast, luncheon or dinner, put up as ty
X   thcy are fresh every day under the most sanitary conditions X
| You'll enjoy them! ��
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dolin, and Harold Moll, piano, en
t    ..    . �� ��� tertained the folks next.   C.  Moll
for its dances and the one hpM Li
on Friday night ��, ,,^1, �� *" T"'"" '""""^ ""
many fine vocal items were render-
Charlie Moll was agreeably sur-.
priced on Wednesday evening 12th |
inst, by over forty of his friends,
the occasion   being  his  birthday.
The raiders headed by Mr. Nichols
walked right in on   him   and although surprised, Mr. Moll rose to
the occasion and welcomed  them
in his usual jolly way.     Friends
from oBergen,   Kettle Valley and
Ingram   Mountain   were  in    the
party.   Whist   was soon in    fall
and eight tables were provided for
the players.    First prizes went to
Mrs. R. D. Kerr and Joe Hielscher.
The booby*prizea were awarded- to
Mrs. T. Roberts and Fred Lander. ~��   '""   *""   ������-wwioem
After card playing, refreshments The election of officers forl922 was
were    handed    round.     Musical  beId    Md    resaIted   "  tollowi
selections by Harry Borders,  man
Mr. Telfer haB resigned as manager of the Co-Operative store at
Rock Creek, H. A. Ames former
manager has taken his place.
Don't forget VThe Famous Magpie Minstrels'- on Friday night at
Riverside Hall, There is a large
crowd expected, and real good
entertainment guaranteed. Come
early and get a good seat.  .
The   Annual   Meeting   of  the
| Farmers   Institute   was  held  in
Riverside Hall,   Rock  Creek,  on
Jan.  7th at 2.30  p.m.   Adverse
weather conditions prevented many
members from attending but a fair
master was present.   The annual
report showed a membership-of 10
for the year 1921 and the financial
statement a balance  in  hand of
$118.   This -report  proved  satisfactory in comparison with a membership of 21 and a balance of 1101
for the year 1920.,  Eighteen members enrolled during the afternoon,
including  two   new   subscribers.
church
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D. R. McELlHOM, Greenwood
P. Burns & Company, Limited.
Plants at     -
Retfna       Prince Albert       Vancouver
Calgary       ESmontcn
Independent Meat
Market
We carry- only the best stock procurable
in
Fresh Meats,   Ham, Bacon,
Lard, Etc.
A Trial will Convince You
KEEP TO THE RIGHT
John Meyer
Proprietor
Now the New Year is began, "Keep "to the mghV is a verr zood
motto.   Follow it. to avoid all accidents. -^ ^ g
Keep to tie agbt, too, -when yoa telephone.   That is.be right fathe
tt�� wh1Ch make for good telephoning.. Keeping- to tbe right snean* good
^ITiSH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY.
TRUOK   FOR   HIRE
,     BY   DAY   or. CONTRACT
Wood For Sale
Second Hand Pipe, Rails, Mining Cars
and other Mining Equipment
.Reasonable Prices
Ar-Dly to J. W- Clark. Pacific Hotel
Send Your
>-  BOOTS  and SHOES
To     *
GEO, ARMSON, Graad Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All -work and material gaaranteed.   We
pay postage one way." Tarna Caah.
good and as_..well. attended as
those of the past." Everybody
had a real good time.. The music
was supplied by Sain Bombini,
DolUe Granberg and Miss Ada
Beattie. These enjoyable social
evening's are doing much.to while
away the long  winter evenings.
Officers of Boundary' Valley
I.O.O.F. were duly installed for
theensuing term at'Grand"Forks
last Thursday evening, by C. D.
Pearson, D.D.G.M. Other Grand
Lodge Officers assisting him were
John A. Hutton, John Kavanagh,
F. R. Scott, W. Sr. McPherson,
A. I/indley and T. A. Love. The
officers installed included; N.G.,
W. Fleming; Secretary, George
Bryan; Treasurer, G. B. Taylor.
Master Billy Walmsley, son. of
Mr. and Mrs.   Wm.   Walmsley,
entertained a number of his playmates ou Friday night,  Jan, 13,
Master Billy is .eleven years old
and eleven boys and  girls were
present    to   wish   him   "many
happy   returns    of    the    day."
Games of ail kinds were played
and the guests had lots of fun
frolicking   around- as   only   the
young can do.   Mrs.  Walmsley
served    refreshments ��� and   altogether it was a most happy and
pleasant birthday party."
- One of those happy gatherings
which only those in the country
know how to have was held last
Saturday night when Hbout 60
gathered at the home' of R.
Bower, Kerr Creek, to enjoy an
evening of song, mirth and
dance. Music for dancing was
supplied by the Kerr Creek orchestra and"the dance was cer-
tiialy merry and bright. Songs
were sung by several and to
crown aa'enjoyable evening'refreshments were served at midnight, making the gathering a
mo��t happy one.
Gifts that last���""Waltham
Bracelet Watches. $15 up at
McElmea's,
ed. W. G. Moll ��rid Mrs. H. Pun-
nell sang a very pleasing daefe. H,
Borders and W. G. Moll played
the mandolin and violin respective*
ly for dancing which was kept np
till the wee sma' hours, after
which one and all wished Mr. C.
Moll "many happy returns" and
so ended avery merry"partyT
Carmi Notes
V. Dynes, of Beaverdell, was a
visitor to town on Monday.
Carmi can now bo&stol a hockey
team, having a line-np of real fast
players.
Wm. McCelvey, of WeBfcbrige,
spent Sunday in town, looking for
tie-makers.
Mr. -- and Mra. Anderson-, of
Beaverdell, spent Sunday in" town
visiting friends. -
J. Bradley is spending & few
days in town, having come In off
his trap line at LakeVale.
I. Crawford has Bhipped five
cars of wood to Penticton and
Trail within the past week.    _
James Matheson, who is visiting
friends in Olga, Wn., expects to
return the 1st of February.
Miss Catherine Saauier, of
Rhone, has been tbe guest of .Mrs.
Gallioz^or the past few days,
Mr. Laidley, representative for
Kelly-Douglas & Co.", Vancouver,
spent a couple of days in town
last week.
Ed Beamish cataa in from th*
North Thompson on Wednesday
ahd with his partner, J, C. Bala,
have started to work on Ihsir
claim.
Mrv Hodgson, reptsttatlfif' i&t
President, A. D. McLennan; Vice
Pres., (to be appointed by the
directors)' Sec.-Trees., Major F.
E. Glossop; Directors, Ed. Hatton,
W. Johnson, J. Lindsay, J. C
Madge; Auditors, C. Styles, O. E.Wheeler.
Owing to recent amendments in
the Agricultural and. the Societies
Act, it has become necessary to
adopt an amended set of by-laws.
These were read and finally adopted.
It was decided to hold a
A happy event  took place on
Wednesday evening,  Jan.  li, at
St. Saviour's church Nelson, at
6.30 o'clock, when Miss Phyllis
Gertrude  Whitehead,  daughter
of Mrs. J. Whitebread of Nelson,
became    the    bride   of   Robert
Oswald Fisher of the staff of the
Bank of Commerce,  Greenwood,
the ceremony being performed by
Ven, Archdeacon Graham.
The bride entered the
with, her brother-in-law,  Harry
Johnstone of Arrowhead, to the
strains of "Lohengrin's" wedding
march  played  by 'Mrs.    W.   J.
Astley.    She was smartly attired   '
in a suit of duvetiue, with trimmings of moleskin and a toque of
French blue duvetiue, with beaded ornament and draped with an
f embroidered silk veil of the same
shade, and carried a bridal boquet
of white carnations and maidenhair fern.
The matron of honor,  Mrs. T.
Rowland Jones,   sister    of   the.
bride, wore a becoming costume    7
of Saxe blue crepe meteor" with .
trimmings    of   silver   lace   ��.ud "
orchid   velvet,   also   wearing   a
black   velvet    picture   hat   and
ermine tie.    She carried a boquet
of pink carnations and fern.
T., Rowland   Jones supported
the bridegroom.
After the ceremony a wedding   ^
dinner was served at the home of
the bride's mother,  after which     -.
Mr, and Mrs.  Fisher left,  amid
showers  of- confetti   and   good
wishes,   on   the   Kettle  Valley
train    for    Gr"eeriWbod.^Xeisoa~X
News. " X
Greenwood Man Honored
Full
Fair this year on the same lines as
in previous . years. The gopher
killing competition for children
trill be held again this year when
2 cents will be given for each
gophers tail produced, with additional prizes for the two competitors who score tne highest number
during the year. The two special
prizes were won last year by David
Caldwell and Frank Richter.
S. T. Laraen was appointed a
delegate to any meeting of the
District Institute or the Advisory
Board,
A hearty vote of thanks from
the Institute was tendered to the
retiring president.. W. Clark, for
the able work he has done during
his bis years in office, and to-the
secretary for the past year's work.
The meeting was then adjourned.
At a joint installation of officers of the Trail K.-, of P. and
Pythian Sisters, Noble Binns presented James Clark, well known
ia Greenwood,  with a veterans
-jewel.   In his   presentation address Mr. Binns said ''that he had
an unusually   pleasant   task   to
perform.   He had himself been
honored a few years ago by being'"
presented with a veterans' jewel.
in token ef his membership in the
order for 25 years.   Now   it was -
his privilege-to make-a presentation of a similar jewel to another.
Greenwood- Lodge No. 29 had requested the Trail Lodge- to present James Clark with this honor.
Mr. Clark had been instrumental
in the organization of the Rossland lodge, was charter member
of Trail'lodge, and on his removal to the Boundary country had
continued his interest in the work
of the order.   He had therefore
great pleasure in presenting Mr.
Clark with the jewel."
Mr. Clark, whose attendance
at the meeting had been-secured
by a clever ruse,' was very much
surprised, but made a suitable
response.
North West Biscuit Co., and Mr.
Watson representing the Imperial
Tobacco  Co..   were in   town, on
Mr. Gibbons, of Penticton, has
purchased several acres of land, at
Deep Creek, from &ev. Father
Ferrous sad plans to cultivate
same for the purpose of growing
Greenwood Theatre
Gray �� Clerf, Prow.
SATURDAY, JAN. 2I*t
Commencing at 8 p.m., Sharp
Betzwood Film Company
presents   '"-
Louis Bennison
va.
at
Mrs. M. Hughes, formerly pro��
prietress of the Queens Hotel At
Phocniar, died at Coeur d'Aleee
last we��k�� She leaves �� husband
and three children.
Road Called Straight"
by Wilson Bajley
A Story of Hand Fighting *nd Bold
koYinjf
AXso a Christie Cemedj
���'Kids'*
AOfift-ts 50c-   -   mimes nc
Httttss &?* asssf#S of c wsra TSe&Uft
unct AFtmrm show THE    LEDGE.    GREENWOOD,    B.7   C.
TELS HOW CATARRH
IS DESTROYED QUICKLY
A New Variety of Oats
Alberta Farmer Produces New Strain
That Gives Great Promise ?
Catarrh sufferers, meaning those What appears to be a new variety
with colds, sore throat, bronchial j of oats is being raised by Mr. Alby
trouble, etc., can all be fixed up right | Kite on his farm at Cluny in South.
at ..home by inhaling "Catarrhozone."   -        .,.,.. _, .    . ,
2n using Catarrhozone you don't take! ern Albe*^- From tests made by
medicine into the stomach���you just hmi it seems that this "Mammoth"
���breathe a healing piney vapor direct oats���as it is called���is a very high
io the lungs and air passages The ��� ylelder> -with a strong straw and
purest balsams and the greatest an- ���   ,, ���       ,        , , ���    _
��smM��.npR th��� ��nt f-r0v,��rv en,rf,P1UffiP    kernel,    and    an    excellent
drought resister.     With such characteristics as these, this new. oat may
tiseptics are thus sent to every spot i
���where catarrhal trouble exists���germs
are killed, foul secretions are destroyed, nature is given a chance and
the disease ends quickly. Colds and
throat troubles can't last if the pure
healing vapor of Catarrhozone is
breathed���sneezing and coughing
cease at once, because irritation is
removed!. Bronchitis irritation and
weakness in the throat soon disappear. Use Catarrhozone whether
young or old.     Two months treatment
$1.00, small size
where or The
Montrea.1.
')0c,  dealers  every-
Catarrhozone    Co.,
ss
experiments Being Made to Transmit
Power Hundreds of Miles
The human voice has been sent by
wireless across three thousand miles
of space; telegraphic signals have
been sent twice that distance and
more. Now comes the news of experiments being made to send power
by wireless for hundreds of miles.
Imagine the coal -at the pit-head being burned into electricity, and the
electric current sent by wireless to a|arcl "Baiiaer" ���ts h^e been grown
smelting works buried in the hills a I slde by skle ��tn "dry" or non-i-'��gated
hundred miles awav, or wireless pow-lland under 0ldinar>r   farming   condi-
prove as great a blessing to the farmers of Western Canada as did the discovery of "Marquis" wheat.
It was in 1915 that Sir. Kite noticed
a single root of some sixteen stools
growing on some land he was preparing for a garden. On maturing, the
plant appeared to be something new
in this farmer's experience, so he
gathered the grains and seeded'them
the following year. Hail and other
misfortunes have dogged his footsteps
but by last fall Mr. Kite had gathered
enough seed to put some forty acres
into crop. After next year's harvest
there should be enough of this new
grain to allow its being put on the
market commercially, and to be tested out on a wider scale. Samples
havo already been sent to the Peace
River and to Idaho, and enthusiastic
reports were received from both these
points. As the Peace River farmer
put it: "It has turned out so well that
I will take a carload if you can let me
have it."
Both the new-strain and the stand-
er transmitted to a ship whose engines are fed from a land station
while she crosses the Atlantic, so that
the huge space a fast vessel has to-
tions; so a comparison between these
two varieties will prove interesting.
In 1918, the dryest^ year for the past
decade in the Cluny district, Banner
day to allow for fuel can be used for!oats were so short t!*ey had to be cut
passenger accommodation or for car- with a hay mower for feed* "Mam"
go. It will mean a complete revolu-1 ���oth-" on ly other llan_d- st��od more
tion in ships.
USE SLOAN'S TO
EASE LAME BACKS
YOU  can't  do  your  best when
your   back  and   every   muscle
aches with fatigue.
Apply Sloan's Liniment freely, with*
eul rubbing, and enjoy a penetrative
glow of warmth and comfort.
Gcjpd for rheumatism, neuralgia,
sprains and strains, aches and pains,
sciatica, sore muscles, stiff joints and
the after effects of weather exposure.
For forty yeare pain's enemy.   Ask
your neighbor.   Keep Sloan's handy.
At all druggists���35c, 70c, $1.40.
Made in Canada.
Liniment
than three feet high and made a paying crop. The 1917 crop was almost
completely hailed out, but neighbors
claimed it had every appearance of
yielding 125 bushels to the acre, before the storm. This year, another
The losses in wireless work are en- ��� dry seasoa. the area planted on sum-
ormous.     If, for instance a signal is I ��"*rfal]ovr gave a return of about 100
As things are today such a problem
seems impossible of solution; but
who, twenty years ago, would have believed it possible to talk across the
Atlantic Ocean by wireless?
bushels to the acre. The peculiar
drought resisting qualities are accounted for by the fact that this new
variety has a main .tap-root some six
or eight inches long - which reaches
well down into the soil and is able to
withstand  a  drought  that would   be
sent   from   London,   England,  it  will
travel   in   all   directions���to   Paris,
Brussels,   Christiana,   Dublin  and   so
on. '   The light of the sun travels in
all directions, but concentrate a few
of its rays with a burning glass and j
you will hare enough heat to start a j
fire.     It is very much the same with jfatal t0 other strains.      -     -
regard to wireless. I    "Mammoth"    ripens    in about the
Already we know that wireless sig-1 same perIo<3 as Banner, i.e., on an
nals can be directed so that they j averaSe of no &&*���'���. It'has a con-
travel only in a certain direction. This ' si(iera-b,ir heavier head however.; From,
is the beginning of concentration. The i 50 t0 60 I>anicles to ����� stem are con-
day may not be far distant when the I sidoi'ed a S��0-- yiel(-- of Banner, but it
immense energy"- of- a large wireless.is claimeti -tis nothing unusual ,to find
aerial "may be concentrated, so as- to ��� betw.oen 90 -and" 120 .in a single head
. focus'ona. spot a long distance'away,-
where the .energy ,is    collected    and
.���made to do work -of;various "kinds..
. Tears . ago the famous' electrician,
Tesla,. designed "a .wireless .tower'
which should ..radiate energy to any
desired- spot,." but'' very, little was
known then of. the science that has
"since made'amazing.strides/and wireless telegraphy was too young to enable Tesla to carry out" his ideas.-
But there,is every reason to.'believe
that the dreams of Tesla"may.yet be
realized after all7 and that",just as
power is sent, over-wires for-hundreds
of.the" new variety.     ��� '    y,       ,
The plant-has a long, thick' straw
which enables it to support the heavy
head and. prevent lodging.. In - appearance it is similar "to the: "Side"
oat, the panicles lying- close to the
stem: The. kernel'is short but very
plump, somewhat resembling-a wheat
grain. - . Samples- tested- have weighed
as high" as .46 pounds to .tlie.bushel,
or li.poimds over .the standard. -The
quality appears- to be up to the- aver-,
age. with about 75 per cent, grain and
25 "per cent. hullV - ' - 7
. "It is naturally, impossible' to' give
of miles by the high-tension SySteras i any'authoritative-figures" as to-yield,
in use in. foreign countries, so' power !-��aalIty..etp.; until'this-;grain has been
will one day be transmitted through
the , ether, with - sufficiently ...small
losses. to make it of practical va'ue.
It will not be. done yet;-but-it will, bc
done;        - ���:" '..---       ' ' ������
;   England exports two .hundred tons
.of plum pudding every year...
.-/
No Appetite v
Nervous exhaustion, leads to distaste for Food. The nerves of the
stomach are Weak, digestion 7 fails
and you become generally. upset
and cut of sorts. '���"���';, .-_ : - . 7 .
,. The secret of complete restoraf
tion is in getting the nervous system
fully built, up.'/"��� V _   V - 7
"Mn. R..-Cheney," 208 Richmond St, Chatham, Ont.,' ���writes:
' "I    was . troubled   with    indigestion,
which cauieclme. many steepleis,aighb,"
I would be in terrible distress at tim��,
and would %it no relief for two or three.
boon, , ,F<o*r sbtieen- month* I ale aoth-'
nsg but -SrWeddcd Wheat- bucuits, as I
dare not '.-t&l "anything' else. -J', did not
know wlial !o do, at I bad tried so njar.y
diSexeat. renaedie*. a*; well -' as  doctors".
medicine^ "' mthtmt:'��� gaining   permanent'
relief.    Finally  I-.got   seine   of   Dr.'
Cbase's Nerve Feo��, and While oa the
second bene %oiieed that I was iraprovwg.
I  continued duS.'teeaJmeat. until I *a
now f-Jfy restored^ ��cd Lave returned to
tay regular <Set   My hmband has also
taken   Dr,   QmucV" Nerve   Food  with
<pfe��tild   rsraito,   so  we   ers   glad  to
McewBoead it to'dien."
Dr. Cli&se.s Nerrp Food, 50c
a box, aD <feakrs, or Edisanson,
Bates ��r Co., Um^ed, Toronto. "
officially tested.- over - a .number of
years. The achievements quoted are
the result ot'.Mr. Kite's personal experiences, but they all point to a new
variety of-oats eminently suited to the-
Western Canadian climaie, "combining
the advantages of both the "dual purpose" and- side types. ' Samples have
now been submitted'to one" of'the
provincial _experim.en.tai_. stations., with
a view .to. registration.
V A New Discovery
Japanese Chemists Extract Fragrant
_ lEsserices From Tea Leaves.
Everyone knows"JhoW important it
is for.the kettle to boil when making
a pot of tea'7and what,an.insipid mixture' results. if the 'water is not - boiling. .- V7V/7; 7" 7V -"X " '\\ "XX.-
-";But now-.-two/,-Japanese chemists
-have discovered a means, of extracting
a fragrant essence-from "tea.leayes,":a
little.'of-which.has. merely to-be-added to vvater just hot enough for. drinking. ' The doom of .the tea- pot.seems
^.at'hand!^7x"i7 7"',. ...'..7'"".   V'v;-"-'.
; Tea 'leaves rtire." steamed and''press'-.
ed, when a liquid J is "obtained ;Vhich
has tobe carefully concentrated, in a
j vacuum -eyap6rater.77-The~'essense is
then, bottled, and -.'a.few drops added
to a'.cup of hot water is* said ".to make
a. cup' of tea. requal to7any7aiade in a
pot "with boiling water.. . '���.'_',   ,7
Star Of Gandhi Has Declined
Popularity  of Prince Triumphs  Over
Organized Insult
To those who "have been watching
the progress of the tour of India by
the Prince of Wales, the news of his
victory over prejudice must come as a
very welcome announcement. When
the tour began, there was every reason to ' anticipate its outcome with
genuine anxiety. One of the most
powerful agitators the Indian Empire,
has known for many years, Gandhi,
had boasted openly that he could and
would compel the natives to abstain
in toto. form any participation in the
public ceremonies. At the outset it
looked as if his boast would be vindicated, for the Hartal was observed
pretty generally. The Prince, however, took the bull by the horns when
he dismounted after the official parade and mingled afoot among the natives.
. The East Indian, while singularly
wise in many things, is a child when
an appeal is made to his imagination.
This idea of a Royal Prince moving
among them as one of them, without
any obvious guard of honor, without
any apparent effort. to avoid trouble,
but just walking about,, like any curious young man out sightseeing, made
a tremendous impression upon the
Oriental mind.
And the news spread���as news can
spread in the east without the aid of
electric wires., 'From that time on,
the Hartal was less and less observed,
until upon the arrival of the Prince at
Calcutta, where Gandhi had hoped to
demonstrate completely his powers,
tlie Royal visitors was accorded a reception that swept" from the minds of
official India all worry about the future. The popularity or the -young
Prince "has triumphed over '-.prejudice,
over calculated hatred and organized
insult. The star of Gautlhi has declined, so far as the Prince of Wales
is concerned.:
Meat and Canned
Foods Inspection
Precautions "Taken to Detect Disease
and Safeguard the Consumer
The inspection of meat and canned
food products'carried on by the Dominion Department of Agriculture is
a matter closely related to the health
and physical well-being of the people
of Canada. The Veterinary Director-
General has at his command for this
work a small army of trained inspectors who are constantly on the alert
to detect disease and to safeguard the
consumer. Every abattoir and recognized slaughter house is inspected and
the meat that goes out is approved.
The canning factories and their products also come under careful supervision, and certificates are given guai-
anteeing that the products are wholesome -in every respect. . Every animal intended tor slaughter is inspected and passed upon. The Meat and
Canned Poods Act providers that no
animal that has entered the.yards or
pens of an inspected establishment
shall be removed unless** permission
in' writing be granted by the inspector. Animals that are found to be
ever so slightly affected by disease
are rejected. Not.only the animals
but the carcasses alter death have to
be passed as sound. If the inspection
warr^ts, the meat is marked "Canada approved," and then may either
be exported or��� sold for home consumption. Sausages, canned meats and
portions intended for cure, may be
prepared only from carcases or portions thereof tliat have been so marked. There are at present in Canada
upwards of fifty inspected establishments, and from 82 plants that reported to the branch, thc output was
valued at 3175,133,000. In all, upwards of threj3lv hundred men are engaged in the work of inspection, all
being veterinary graduates and well
posted on the duties they have to "perform.
"YOUR TEETH"'
STAINS
/
By      REA      PROCTOR      McGEE.
D.D.S.,    M.D..    Editor,    of. "Oral
Hygiene"
New Automobile
Road Over Rockies
More than half of all of the people
in the world live in Asia and have
yellow or brown skins.
. These people have changed the
course of history many times in the
past and they may do it again in the
future particularly if they should
learnx the laws of'sanitation as we
know them.
��� There'are so many men in Asia who
chew the betel vnut, which dyes the
teeth red, that it is a "good guess to
say that one-tenth of all of the men
now li/ing dye their teeth red.
Chewing-the betel nut may be a
pleasant pastime, but the bright red
stain will never become popular in
this country.
Over here we seem to favor green
stains for children's teeth and brown
or black stains for the teeth of adults.
���All of us think a Mongolian is a
queer "gink" to deliberately make a
habit of chewing an astringent nut
that will leave its mark; yet we daily
neglect to remove, or have removed,
the various shades of green and brown
stains that obscure the teeth that Nature gave us.
All stains should be removed ..from
the teeth. If ��� you cannot get them
off yourself go to someone who knows
how to take them off.       "-
The green stain -upon children's
teeth must be removed immediately
if it is not to be followed by caries,
or decay of the teeth.
It is tlie normal that is beautiful.
Keep your teeth a. normal color so
that when you do smile you'will get
an encore.
ig Jier Such
Wonderful Health
"I am only too glad to praise Tanlac, tor it has done for me what 1
never .dreamed yras... possible, and I
now feel so well I can hardly realize
that only a short time "ago I was in
such a miserable condition," said-Miss
Alythe P^rth, 351 Carlton St., a popu-.
lar young Winnipeg business woman,
conducting a public stenographic
office. ;. 7 -.;" ��� '���'.
"Just about three years ago I had
a nervous breakdown ..which kept me
in bed for several weeks and left me
in such an awful state of health I had
but scant hope of ever getting better.
I was so nervous I trembled all over,
couldn't sleep and even .after I went
back to the office,," I seemecf to, have
novstrength at all an*d only through
sheer force "bf will power was I able
to attend to my duties.   . My stomach
soon became disordered, and indigestion caused me the most frightful
pains, bloating andV shortness ������'.'*of-,-���
bresith. ...My kidneys'alsd bothered
me and I had a pain across the small
of my back that made life positively ,
miserable.      '" ,��� ..'.'.- -7
"Well, despite the fact that I, was
trying" one medicine after another,; I
found. I Twas going down hill: rapidly.
But after taking only two bottles of :
Tanlac I could see it was doing ine a
world of,good, and seven bottles--have
relieved me of all my ailments .and
now my health is .just fine. bMy '
whole system seems to.be in theibest
of condition, and I eat, sleep, v work
and enjo'y life better than for years.
Tanlac is simply grand." -
Tanlac is sold by leading'druggists
everywhere.      *
t- ..   Mic.ht  Hae ;B.een. Worse ,
-  Jumping Into a-compartment as the
train was 'moving,'..Sandy" sat heavily
on another-traveler's-'hat. - .
j   ""You clumsy idiot!'"'.'������ ejaculated the
'.owner.of.the headpiece.  ,"Why don't
' yon look before ypu sit down 2" 7.
" Sandy arose-and nickedTsp the hat.
"Ah; weej". he. remarked;gently^ "it
EoJcfathae been worse." .."."���"' V
"Worse?"   exclaimed   the Vffrathful
one; "it's ruined/ inan!     How could
it possibly have been/worse?"   ,.
""It   micht.  hae   been.ma sin," answered Sandy, thogghtEally. 7
W- ' W   tT��   1403
The lighthouse on Heligoland Is
said to possesa . the saost jpowerful
light in' tha ���porldUiO.OOOiOOO caa^
dle.'power. '"''-'���-.'
, China.Solds fhey&otl&'B .record for
legal executions 12.109 of which sire
estimated te' take place 'yearly.
Gold For Everybody-       .
Four'Grains to Every'Totr-of Water irr
" '- ���      7    V 7. .    Sea"      . " v"_ -."   '-"
There is ?50,000,0p0 in gold in the
sea for every inhabitant of the- globe,
says John Hays Hammond, ��� the famous mining engineer. But, unfortunately, no , commercially.- successful
method "of. extracting it has been invented thus'far.- Water dredged from
the great depth,of. the Atlantic contains, four .grains, of gold to a ton ."of-
water. An .estimated" total of gold in
the oceans of the-world thus runs.into
thousands of millions of tons.
. The richest gold-producing region is
the- Witwat'ersrahd," or White Waters
Range- in. the Transvaal South ��� Africa.
The Rand, as',it is commonly called, is.
a'tract, forty" miles long.'. - .From this
small 'area half the world's supply of
gold has "come foVmany. years. ' Gold
worth $12,000,000..000'is still.a'ccessible
there, engineers say.. '.   ,
- India-is - the7. greatest .^consumer of.
gold, - according to Hammond: , .It .is
used mostly for-ornamental- "purposes^
Pure gold, is to soft-for-most uses in
the .arts. " It is;.alloyed .with copper
and silver" for'making coins,.plate and
jewellery.7 .No bther'metal"is so inal-.
leable.7prv so ductile. .Announce: ot
gold "can be drawn into- a .wire ' 50
miles. long-;and beaten into a -leaf 1,-
367,C00,ot":an .inch thick. V" ;   -" ,..'V-'.������
Will Connect Banff With Yellowstone
Pari? In States
The year 1922- is to be a banner
year for the Canadian motorist. ��� Toward the end bf nest summer there
will-be completed for his pleasure :*.
500-mile stretch of road through
mountain and .foothill, by lake and
park-���a 500-mile panorama either
among or witlibi sight of the Rocky
Mountain snow peaks over the whole
journey. \ " ������ \
That is to. say that the Dominion
Parks Branch promises to complete
next summer lli.it last 50 miles of an
automobile route which will connect
Canada's "na.tura.1 v parks and incidentally, link- ug for the .motor.'tourists the- Grand.Canyon, Yellowstone
Park and Glacier-Park' with Banff,
in. the heart ol' the Canadian Rocky
Mountains and - Canada .with- South'-'
ern California.    '.'���"'.
The 'highest crossing, will be ' at
Vermilion Summit', just south of
Castle.'.- It is 5,264 feet above sea
level and approalched. by an easy
grade on both sides..-' Stbrm Mountain on. the east and Boom. M_ountain
on.the west-are the perpetual guardians, of the pass:".'   '        . ' VV    '..���'.-
Through tni-IBc,' on several of.the
tourist, highways'- in the . Western
States " last". year, amounted- to 500
cars a'-'day, aiid Banff . expects 15,000
cars during the first season', of the
new facilities," of. about 150 cars,
bringing business worth ?30,000 each
dai:.7 - ;" -   "   ���
V/hat'to Do With the Buffalo
Professor's Powerful Telescope
.Will Bring -Mars .Very.-Near..Earth, in
���' 7 .-=-":/ ~y' V ., 7192477V- .- V; -:"
��� Prb/essor' Todd, of Harvard Uhiver-
sity,-.'-, is - expecting..'" to. examine  Mars:
when tf.passes near;the earth in'-lDSl
through" the most wonderful telescope ;-
in the-world,; bringing the ."planet, as '���
he say's, ""within two'"mites.",77- '."-' "-.-
���But ...the. difficult.. part\pf it Is. the
need of "a gigantic ;looking-glass,.. 24'
feet in diameter; and ."'It. ���seems' -.that -
no   factory- -can-provide .a'-mirror of
this'size. .77'.'.77 7 ���'-   ' - 7 . '',.'��� X���
'-, /Professor Todd has therefore" an'ad^
mirable-idea'. "vHe,will'make"a huge
cup, pour mercury into it,.- and anl-J!
mate.;the -fluid by causlng^it to' rotate. 1
The speed at which the cup will.spin!
round wil! .make"'-the,mercury spread-l
out and take,:the shape.of7a concave!
mirror,, and the professor , will, have'
his looking-glass for seeing Mars. : 7
Want. Portable Houses 7 -���"
-��� -According 7 to the , United;. States
commerce reports, there is a market
in the lievant for portable houses due
rto a serious shortage of buildings. It
ia also annptmced. that the Spanish
Govemmeat is also "in the market for
ready-cat houses, to b�� used chiefly
lor workineB's dwellings.
Reported That.Pederal Government- Is.
...: Seeking._Waxs._to:^Coj'rimercializei:_.
Surplus Animals ��� "-" -;
CommercializiUion of the buffalo'at
Wainwright. - Park, Alta., stocked
twelve yea[rs--ago' with - 750 .animals
and now'haying a.herd of more than
5,000,- is under ��� considerationVby -the
Federal Government. - The herd is increasing rapidly each.year and with
the eventuality, "of . the . animals outr
grovdng the 100,000 acre park government representatives are seeking ways
to commercialize the surplus';animals.'
A commercial 'undertaking' would include' the sale of meat, robes mounted .. heads, aiid possibly. leather "and
wool... An"-ex-celleht' demand exists
for buffalo nieat, and all the animals
the government cares to kill can. be
sold at fine prices iii both Canada and
the United States. .. Some of. the sui-
plus bulls it is said,.will be Killed this
winter, for. the market. Buffalo ��6bes
are remarkably durable and even with'
the hardest service will wear - for
years. h.They %v-"ere!n common use
fifty years ago when the remnants of
the once great -herds were . still.' in
existence.-.;; Now7with the.source cut
off'^by'.the. almost complete extermination of-the bisoa.-they are rar,ely: seen.
and command a7 price.of ?100 a piece
and inore. ' Mounted heads also fetch
a good price, riinning'from. 5125 to
?300: ;. '"���"--��� -Xy- ,'.:..   V - XX-:- ; ;���
The Proper Spirit
Settler In Alberta Who. Has the Right
Perspective
An" oft quoted truism during the
war was "The spirit of the troops is
excellent." It would appear that in
these less exciting times, the spirit of
at least one. settler in Western Canada is excellent, lor the following letter was recently received by the Department of Immigration and Colonization from a young man at Lacombe,
Alberta. .
Some months ago I forwarded to
you a'record of my experience since
I filed on my homestead in Alberta.
You were kind enough to acknowledge
the same and to congratulate me on
my success Since I wrote to you
conditions have altered considerably.
I myself am just about holding, my
own but cannot see my way to make
my farm pay a .dividend while stock
and farm produce is at. such a low
figure' 'in comparison to the cost of
machinery and ''manufactured goods.
But I am "not .content just to hold my
own; I prefer tp do better than that
if it is possible for me to do so. For
I realize'that the land and Canada are
not to" blame. The land is honest
enough and Canada-will do, her very
best��� for her citizens. . It ls just-the
present adverse conditions which are
affecting the whole "world'- which governs qiir: markets.'. The "farmer who
will economize and keep on-improving
his land "and herds will yet find himself a winner. .. I. am - doing all. the.
work-'on my farm to save" paying for.
hired help and can't see anyUnng but
a good future ahead of-me. I'have
met a.lot of. people from the east who
"were "astounded -when; they got; here
and'saw'the wonderful opportunities
offered to ~ the newcomer .by this great
northwestern country. And' they all
remark that'they never expected to
���find the_we'st such a beautiful country
���with "-such .-wonderful"- resources - and
opportunities... ���-.-.-"��� -,
Motor-Driven Road Roller
��� /���   :  ���-��� '��� v
Starts With Petrol and Then Runs on
Crude Oil ^
The use of steam for driving road
rollers has' been the universal practice
��� for so long that the change to the internal combustion engine strikes one
with a peculiar degree of surprise. An
oil-driven road roller has,- however, so
many advantages in countries where
coal and coke are scarce that "its development might have been confidently expected. At a recent transport
exhibition, in London a British firm
showed a very attractive type of motor road roller weighing eight tons.
It is a three-wheel.machine driven by
a 20 horsepower engine funning at
1,000 revolutions per minute. Petrol
is used for starting, and afterwards
the engine runs on crude oil. : A sin-'
gle lever- effects v all speed ^changes
giving three speeds���two and a half,
one and one-half miles.per hour���forward or backward. Ample power is
afforded for hill climbing, as the engine runs at full speed when" the roller is going at its lowest speed.- V
Waterworks For a Dollar
Simple Plan to Se.cure Running Water
��� 7 , lntthe Farm Home ���.."���<.���
A simple homemade contrivance for
supplying water for' the kitchen can
be constructed at very small expense
as .follows:;7.A large barrel, tight
enough to hold.water, is placed on a
platform in a shaded ..spot, such as a
porch or a-wood shed. It must be
high enough that the. water will run
from it by gravitation through a pipe
to a sink in the kitchen where it may
be turned on and. off by means of,a
faucet. Another pipe carries thc dirty
water from the sink to. a waste barrel
outside the house. Someone must
fill the clean water barrel every morn-
hig and empty the dirty water barrel
every evening if the plan is to. work
satisfactorily. The cost is trifling
and the convenience great. If children can;do this chore ,. and ���vfiave
mother, many- weary-'steps'it will be a
great' comfortVV Sometime it . will,
doubtless,;be replaced by an electric
or other power system. 7 7 .
iemons.giw wDdon the island
of Norfolk British -posa-essioii In the
Soath .Pacific '    ; . . V .
Dolls were .made..
loiig ago as 14007
KTcrsBaberg *as
V Test For Petrol Tanks 7..
.���/���A"large proportion of the loss of
life in aeroplane smashes is due to the
machine catching fire as; the result pf
.the bursting of the petrol, tank. With
a view'to eliminating this risk, the
Air .Ministry is conducting a series of
tests. with tweiit j-stx . 1different "types
of - petrol tanks submitted In a com:
petition. A7.BQsa7of ?10,GOO:fs.to be
awarded in prizes for the designs that
achieve the obj-stt. in view.
A.t^a.wedding recently .celebrated In
an 'English village the,entire party
rode to and .^ from the 'church on
horseback. '���-      "  "������    ~ 7 V'~.
Even when a, man pays cash for an
electric battery he wants it charged.
Destructive White Ants
,    ���    "7    7   ' v.  7   -��� ' ���-" .V   ���-.
Settlers In Queensland Baffled By Ingenuity of Insects
The ravages of. the white ant are:,
becoming   so   serious in Queensland
that settlers are  baffled in  devising
suitable means" of protection against'7
them. 7-':.'
"7It.has been found that tho metal
caps placed on'top of the piles sup-7
porting the houses, while useful -4n .
checking the-inroads of the ants, ai'e7:
not an infallible protection, because7
the ants will often build a tnnnel ofV
clay oyer the caps, and so travel over ���
them. -V ;:7
- There is no limit to tlie- ingenuity"'
of   these    hungry insects.77 In. New .
Guinea, they; enlist the services of a
small borer, which they'paralyse and 7
then carry along  with  them  to  the
houses they wish to attack.      They,
then revive the borer which actually''
pierces the iron, so that the ants can.7,
crawl through the hole.
; The Fat Man's Club of Paris, "now
has fifty-eight members, including
three,women. Members must weigh
at least 200 pounds, and tlie president tips-, the beam at 290.
CLARK'S Tomato Soup
is such a treat - -
Fine ripe tomatoes fresh-from the. fields give it
their delicious flavour, and. all you have to do is
to heat and serve. ���
CLARK SOUPS are made in 13 different sorts,
and include chicken.    .
Like all "Clark Good Things" the price is moderate;
. Made from Canadian Farm Produce"    .
and sold everywhere in Canada.
3-5-31
Vi
'I
H'
1
WARNING!    Say "Bayer" when you buy Aspirin.
Unless you.see .the name_^ "Bayer" on tablets, you are
not getting Aspirin at all.: Why take chances?
Accept-only an "unbroken package" of "tiayer Tablets of^
Aspirin," which contains directions and close worked out by
physicians during 22 years and proved7safe by.millions for,:
'";.: :-vCo!ds ���'-       .  Headache ,. '   Rheumatism ; .-.
��� "[-^ Toothache!.    Neuralgia 7       Neuritis.  -V
Earache;       ..Lumbago  .    . Pain�� Paiii V
Btandy "Bayer" hoxck of 12 tablets���Also .bottles of 24 and 100���Druggists,
Afiplrtn la 'be tr*de mark (registered In Canada) ot Bayer. Manufacture ofKono-
acellcacJdeiter of Sallcyllcaeld.   'VyWle It Jo well known that Aspirin weans Bayer,
niasrufacture. to assist the public t'eelnst imttat!on���� tts Tablets of Ba7��r Compafly .
wlU.be -"tamped with thelf seaeral trafio snails, the "Bayer Cross." , ���
U
If
j
The .pbpBlatica. of, Scot!and-r~4,8o2,-
288-t-Is three. ibnjss what; It ���was in
J 801.7 : Tfce7n-onft��s" of womea exceeds
that of Hsea.fexlSMSZ..'.'
PNEUMONIA
���-. and other*. Lung.- Diseases
Claim many, victims. in ' Canada.- and
. should be guarded against . '-
MINARP'SVLINiMENT
Is a great; preventative,. being one of
the  oldest  remedies used.    Minard's
Liniment has retiered   thousands   of
cases   of. Grippe,   Bronchitis, .Sore
Throat, Asthma .and kindred diseases.
It is &n enemy to Germs.. . Thousands
of bottles being used every day.   For
sale by all druggists and.general fieal-
,-���T8. - '."-'"  .���-"���' 7      ...-"-  , ""   .*; --���'-   '--���'    -,
,MSnard'��   Liniment-. Co,   i-ttf^' Yap-
��. ������':��� mouth. N.S,  -"'
For Constijpated Bowels���~ Bilious Liver
The aicest eatharU&Iaxatlve ft*, $hyr
eic your bowels when youihave --
���   i Headach��'----" ' Biliousness 7. -
: Colds IhdlgeBtion
7-.Dizziness '-..     Sour Stomacb .
��� is casdy-UI* Cascarets.    On�� or too
tbnighf frtll .empty year bo-weis cobs-
pletely by morning aEd you will feel
splendid. "They . -work "While yoa
Bleep." Cascarets neTer, **tir *ou.up
or gripe like Salts, PiV-*, Calomel,
or Oil. tad they cost oily tea cents
a.box. Xhfidres. loVe Cascarete too.    : Resignation Of Briand
As French Premier
���i ���������
Came As A Surprise
Paris.-Aristide Briand has resign-"pitch   of   eloquence   attained   today.
when, In a voice trembling with ill-
T1^     T/FWK     G-RTJENWOOD:
'fltW-'^-i
'^-.���.;r- .-.-.-'-i..v_
yyytjfi
"i. yy*$
Sill
ed from the premiership. Premier
Briand's resignation came with dramatic-suddenness in - the Chamber of
Deputies, for the Premier had brought
the opposing-members of the cabinet
into accord with his policy,; and, by a
powerful speech in the chamber had
apparently won oyer the great majority to-his side. His blunt eloquence
evoked a tremendous ovation and
when he abruptly declared his.intention of withdrawing from the government, the members of ��� thoi chamber
seemed overwhelmed.
Although the retirement of premier
Briand was unexpected, it was apparent from the beginning that he felt
keen resentment against the many obstacles placed In his way in \the Important negotiations In which he had
been engaged. Ho had the appearance ..of a man aged and physically
fatigued throughout his entire speech.
Notwithstanding this, however, seldom has Briand risen   to   the   high
suppressed emotion and facing his
.'colleagues on the ministerial benches,
he said: "A-statesman has no right
to go 'to .the post of battle if he has
nqt the certainty that he shall not
receive'bullets from behind.!. He can
face the bullets of the enemy, but
he*must not receive" any "from his
own:country." *   .
,M. Braind .called upon President
Millerand:immediately after leaving
the chamber. . He remained .with the
president only -a few minutes, then
he informed the press: ,
" "My resignation is absolutely final;
I could* not continue to govern under
such conditions.     Of course, I shall
German Railways May
Seize Coal Shipments
^Berlin.���Authorization has been
given by the Government officials
Hn charge of operating   the   railways for the ^seizure ������ and use of
private opal shipments in transit'
where necessary, to prevent a traf-
,,fic tieup through  the fuel..short-
" age which is said to be acute on
��� many divisions.    Shortage of rolling stock and the coal deliveries
to the allies are given as reasons
for the fuel shortage.
Public, carnivals and celebra-
-tions have been prohibited by the
Prussian Government: The other
federal governments' have been
asked to issue orders, along the
same lines.
WESTERN -EDITORS
Idle Land Incurs Loss
Farmers Urged to Substitute Oats for
Part of Summerfallow
Saskatoon, Sask.���An appeal for ex-.
not return to Canries, bit I hope my \ P��-*"ent on the part of farmers in
resignation will not cause cancellation jthe matter of substituting oats iown
in rows at least for a part of their
summerfallow was voiced at the agri-
FARMERS WANT  WHEAT BOARD
KE-ESTABLISHEP WITH MORE POWER
.     v - -,
Winnipeg.���The  convention of the      "Whereas there is general- dissat-
United Farmers of Manitoba declared  lsfactlon wltlr the present system of
unanimously for the re-establishment  marketing our grain; and
of the'bld wheat board under its form-      "Whereas the deplorable condition
��� er management and with wide powers
over wheat and other grains; adopted the greater part of a platform under which, the association expects to
contest'the next provincial election in
Manitoba; and elected W. G. Rathwell,
of Beresford, Man., vice-president of
the organization.
The convention accepted the following resolution on grain marketing:
of the Genoa conference."
-With    M. - Briand went his entire v    -
cabinet, and after conferring with cultural societies convention by Prof,
the presidents of the Senate and j Manley Champlin. of the field hus-
Chamber, M. Millerand called upon \ ban^ department of the University
M. Polncaire" to form a new ministry. |of   Saskatchewan.     Prof.   Champlin
pointed   out   that ��� particularly under
Started For
Empire Exhibition
London.���The Duke of York cut
the first turf at the entrance to
the national sports ground at
Wembly, inaugurating the work in
preparation for the British Empire exhibition, whiciT is to be
held in 1923.
v The Duke expressed pleasure
.that work would be found through
the undertaking for part 7,of the
.vast army of London's unemployed He also felt gratified that
the exhibition's guarantee "fund
had exceeded the minimum of a
million pounds, and wished the
Important imperial enterprise
every success.
Is Given
Concessions Until Allies
Reach New Decision
'���':l
Daily Newspaper
" Publishers Meet
Russell Hogg, Publisher of the News,
���v     x Oak Lake, Man. ���
Want Reduction In Tariff
Resolution    Will    Be    Introduced    In
Saskatchewan Legislature *o this
Effect
Believe U-Boat Being
Used By Bootleggers
Pacific
Report ^ Alleged Traffic on
Coast Is Lucrative
Ottawa.���While naval authorities
here cannot say whether or not a submarine is being used in an alleged
bootlegging traffic along the Pacific
coast between Canada and the U.S.,
they are firm in stating that the undersea "booze boat" was not in the
possession   of   the Canadian Govern-
....    ,    Regina:���The Saskatchewan. Legis    .     ���
present conditions, account must  be  lature has resumed sessions after tho ' ment/   Canada has only sold two sub
taken of the loss Incurrad by^ leaving  Christmas vacation.    Hon. S. J. Latta, marines in recent years, it was learn-
summerrallow,   a    loss  fave notlce ��f a   resolution   to    be' ed at the department' of naval affairs,
and these were disposed of to an At-1 cr- so much so as to place the printing
land idle in   summerfallow, ' a   ,oss  Save notice of a ,    ._    _���
which had to be written off against brou��ht forward asking tho Federal
the cost of grain production. There Government for a'general reduction in
was also an address oh farm man- ,-the customs tanff: resumption of reci-
agement systems by W. C. McKilli-!proclty negotiations with the United
can,   superintendent   of the Brandon! States; and Placln^ oa tlie free ,lst aU
Important Matters Discussed at Con.
ference in Regina
Regina.���Publishers, of daily newspapers In the three prairie provinces
were In conference here discussing
various matters affecting the publishing business.
The * question of the : additional
heavy burden thrown on newspaper
publishers by the 500 per, cent, increase in the postage rate on second
class mail matter came in for considerable discussion, and it was
shown that in the case of some or
the larger newspapers the Increased
postal rate meant au additional expense of ?2 per mail subscriber per
annum.
The question of wage scales obtain
ing in the prairie provinces was like
wise discussed at considerable length.
Compared with Vancouver and Eastern Canada, it was shown that the
wage scale at present operative ln the
prairie provinces are very much high-
Experimental Farm.
of our agricultural industry ls such
that it demands the attention pf-the
Federal Government to the need-for
national marketing of wheat' ��� and
other grains:
"Therefore, be it resolved that we
urge upon, .the Dominion Government
the necessity for re-establishment.of
the Canada Wheat Board under the
former management 'with wide powers to sell wheat and other grains."
Must Adept
Diversified Farming
at
Hon. _W.   R.- Motherwell   Speaks
Banquet.at Saskatoon
' Saskatoon.���The    west    has    been
through as bad, If not   worse,   times
than   the    present,    and has passed
'through  them with success,  just as
��     she was passing through the crisis of
today, if western farmers'1 will only ap-
**1*" ply 'themselves- to -developing a diversified type of farming and a crop rotation    system    suited to the country.
Such was the note of optimism which
was sounded at the banquet given by
the Saskatoon Exhibition Board to the
Agricultural     Societies'     Association
here by a number of-speakers, including Hon.7VV..-R. Motherwell, minister
.of ���agriculture in the Dominion Government;  Hon. C. M. Hamilton,, provincial    minister    of highways;   and
Hon. J. A. Maharg, M.L.A.     Each of
the speakers emphasized the Import-
/ ance of cattle, and    particularly   of
dairy cows, as a   safe   and   definite
Bource of income to the farmer.
Of special interest was the opinion
expressed    by    Hon.^Mr. Motherwell
on the problem of Southwest Saskatchewan and Southern Alberta.     The
minister was   convinced    that   these
lands, except where the sandhills lay,
could be successfully farmed, if the
right crop rotation were adopted, and
if the setttej,sjp^actised_mixed_farmt
"ing."-   There   had    been   men,   Mr.
Motherwell pointed out, who had,.said
that the country should be abandoned,
but It should never be abandoned as
y long as there  were Individuals who
could make a^success of their farms,
and-there were such all through the
district.     Diversification     had   been
preached for ten years.     Every now
and then the west made a dash at It,
and then went back to grain growing.
/ But the time was coming nearer when
the west would be forced to stay with
it.
Mr.   Maharg,
groceries with eggs. It was impossible to change the climate, he said
but it was possible to change the
method: o f farming to comply ��� with
the provisions of nature.1 Complimenting Mr. Motherwell on his appointment, he remarked:
"We've got a minister of agricul-"
ture 3uch .as we never had before,
insofar as western agricultural conditions are concerned, for he knows
them like a book."
Mr. Maharg went on to state that if
thc Saskatchewan farmer "-evolved tlie
right system of farming, an Immigration department with ^elaborate
machinery Nwould be unnecessary.
The best Immigrant was the contented settler. Once the country was
occupied by such men, it was merely
a question of selecting the best from
those who wanted to come in.
Marked Decrease In
Juvenile Crime
Report Shows Fewer Convictions During Year of 1920
Ottawa.���Juvenile crime Is on the
downward 'trend. This Is pointed out
in the forty-fifth annual report- of the
criminal statistics of Canada.
"It is noted," says the report, "that
juvenile crime is on the downward
trend.'. -In 1919,' it was shown that
20.3 per cent, of the total, convictions
of indictable offences was of children
under 16 years, which figure Is a decrease: of 2.3 per cent, from that of
the previous year. In 1920, the percentage pf juvenile crime to the: total
had dropped to 18.19. Previous .to
1919":for. a period of 14 years, it had
beeii gradually rising."
Wanted to Frighten
British Workmen
agricultural implements, farm and
homestead machinery, vehicles, fertilizers, coal, lumber, cement,, gasoline,
Illuminating and lubricating oils, and
raw materials'and machinery used in
their manufacture.
Mr. Dunbar, Estevan, will Introduce
a resolution asking the Dominion Government to^prohibit.the export liquor
traffic.
Hon. Mr. Dunning gave notice of a
resolution pressing for reduction of
freight rates. ' in introducing for the
second reading the bill to ratify agreements for the lignite experiments, Mr.
Dunning stated that there was hope
for success which justified, the voting
of additional funds.
targe Sum For
Extension Work
Central Electric Company Gave Large
Order to Germany
Giving^ evidence before a
London.-
C.P.R. Considering Construction Bud-
get.Which Totals Over $25,000,000 -
(Montreal.���-It has becn, learned that
appropriations totalling over $25,000,-
000 designed for road extensions and
general improvement are now before
the principal executives-officers of the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company.
They represent the 1922 construction
budget of the company, and it is ex-
lantlc coast port. It was understood
that the engine's from both boats
were sold by the purchaser to an
Ontario municipal corporation. Recent reports from Seattle indicated
the belief there that a submarine,
sold by the Canadian Government to
private citizens was doing a lucrative liquor transportation business
between British Columbia ports and
west coast United States cities.
Vancouver.���-Reports from Seattle
that a Canadian submarine sold for
junk was carrying shipments of British Columbia liquor into Seattle are
scouted here. No submarines have
been sold, but the_cruiser Rainbow of
the Canadian navy during the war,
was bought for junk by a Seattle firm
two years ago.
and publishing business of the three
prairie provinces under a very severe
handicap.
The following publishers were present: E. H. Macklin, Manitoba^ Fre��
Press; E. M. Nicholls, "Winnipeg Tribune; Allan Holmes, Prince Albert
Herald; C. A. Elvin, Saskatoon Star
and Phoenix; Burfood Hooke. Regina
Leader and Post; Thos. Miller, Moose
Jaw Times; -A- Tyrell, Medicine Hat
News; J. H. Woods and W. Watson,
Calgary. Herald; -A. Ford, Calgary Al-
bertan; A. Torrance, Lethbridge Herald; John M. Imrie, Edmonton Journal; G. McNeil, Edmonton Bulletin."
In Closer Touch
With Motherland
Burmah Welcomed Prince
Visit Said to  be JWost Successful in
Tour
" London
pondent wires that no episode In the
tour of the Prince of Wales through
India has.been more successful than
the visit to Burmah. Public enthusiasm was so continuous that officials
declare that they seriously believed
that if the Prince would stay another
week to mix with the people" the poli
tical-disconten{ in Burmah would~dis-
appear entirely.
governmental committee investigating! pected that details of the year's work
foreign glass imports, Christopher> will be given to the public shortly.
Wilson, a director of the" Central Elec-j " Details of Western Canada claims
trie Company, said'he had recently I are being "taken up first and -..when
given an order to Germany for a mil- j they have been disposed of, appropri-
lion bulbs' "to frighten British work-, ations for Eastern Canada lines^will
men," who, Jie said, during the war | be gone into. In the absence of defi-
took every advantage of conditions nite confirmation, projected work is
obtaining. Their wages, he added, ��� a matter of conjee tur
formerly   averaged   under
labor    correspondingly
tenpence
{ hourly, but now they were four shil-
Reuter's Rangoon corres-1 lings,    "and
lazy."
However, Mr. Wilson concluded, the
workmen were in a much better frame
of -mind now owing to foreign competition.
e but it appears
reasonably certain that there will bc
little construction work on eastern
lines this year. It Is believed that
the total budget will be pared to the
vicinity of $20,000,000 before it is
accepted.
dwelling   upon-
Irish Government
Will Get Dockyard
Town Destroyed ^landslide
Driver's Quick Action
./ - Saves Many lives
Haulhowline at Queenstown Wiil  Be
Stripped of. Machinery
London.���Officials of the Haulbow-
iine Dockyard, Queenstown, have been
informed,   according   to the Queenstown correspondent of   the   London
Times,- that when the dockyard is fin-
fhe j ally closed it will be transferred to the
same point, remarked that the south- j new Irish government."    It will
west was now paying   cash   for   its  stripped of its machinery first.   ���
be
Progressive Party Will
Maintain Identity In
The Ottawa House
Many People In San Fratello Trapped
In Houses
Messina.���The   landslides   at   San
Fratello have brought about complete
disaster   to   the little town./    Total,
casualties are not known but scores of I
bodies are believed to have been bur
ied in the debris
been found.
Relief parties have been organized
to go into San Fratello to aid persons locked in their dwellings and
unable to escape. The landslides resulted from the incessant rainstorms
of the past week.
The earth moved In great waves
as it came down the hillside. Seven
churches are a mass of debris.' The
town fs .completely devastated. Not
a house in it is habitable.
Bomb Thrown
Goes Wide of
Belfast-
at Car
Mark
A bomb was thrown at a
tramcar bearing seventy-five persons
to their work in the Crumlln Road district.     The quick action of the driver,
..      ._       ^ ""'"iwho put full speed on when he heard
Two bodies have i a reVQlvep shol_ resuItea in the missile going wide of the mark.     The
passengers were greatly frightened by
the explosion, which   splintered   the
car.    A man and his wife living nearby   who"   went    to the door or their
house to learn the cause of the commotion were shot dead by a volley of
rifle fire which swept tho streets.
Burnham Sees Good Results From Imperial Press Meeting
London.���Lord Burnham, proprietor
of the Daily Telegraph, speaking at
the production of a film illustrating
the  meetings of the Imperial  Press
Conference, of which  he  was  chairman, held in Canada some time ago,
said  there was no doubt that, as a
direct result of the conference and the
intimate   contact   it   brought Tleading
British journalists Into with Canadian
conditions  from  Halifax to  Victoria,
the great daily newspapers of London
and the province had largely increased  their  intelligence  department  re
garding Canada and    were    carrying
more Canadian news than ever before.
Lord Burnham went on to refer to
the corresponding value that was being obtained by Canadian daily newspapers through the arrangement entered into between Reuter's and Canadian Press Limited, whereby a valuable   supplementary   cable service of
British news was going   direct   from
London   into   their offices.     Not the
least important part of this new departure was the access that the Canadian Press thus got to the news of
the British Press Association, J,he co-
operative~_organs   of British   newspapers covering news of the British
Isles in much the same way as the
Canadian Press covers the news of the
Dominion.
Heavy Fine For
Liquor Manufacture
London.���Three important developments emerged from the confusion
Into which the resignation of-^M.
Briand, the French premier, threw the
Cannes negotiations. These were,
first, that a ministry, headed by Raymond Poincare will take the place of
the Briand" administration; second,
that the Genoa economic conference
appears to have been saved out of
wreckage; and, third, that the reparations committee, acting under the discretion it possesses by, virtue of the
Versailles Treaty, had granted Germany a moratorium until the allies
arrive at a new decision wlthregard
to her condition.
Germany/instead of- paying the
500,000,000 gold marks due next Sunday, is to pay every ten days ap- ���
proximately 31,000,000 gold marks
which latter amount is considered as
representing 26 per cent, of her
exports. "*
Whether   the   Anglo-French   pact .-
arranged between M. Briand and Mr.
Lloyd George can- be saved, is considered to depend upon a conference
between  Mr.   Lloyd  George  and  M.
Poincare.     The   latter   always   has
been   solid   for the Versailles Treaty,
and   inasmuch   as France Is known
to desire a pact to replace   the   tripartite   convention,     including     the
United    States    which was  contemplated in the original peace negotiations, M. Poincare, like M. Briand, will
have to count with the extreme nationalist " views.      Doubts  are  entertained here as to whether the nationalists will accept the stipulations Mr.
Lloyd George, imposes  as necessary
preliminaries to a conclusion of the
pact.
For these reasons' it is considered
quite possible prolonged and difficult
negotiations might ensue before
agreement is reached.
an
Edmonton Courts Collect Over Thousand Dollars in Cash
Edmonton.���One of the largest fines
in the history of the Edmonton courts
in connection with the illicit manufacture of liquor was imposed' upon
George Coydon in the city police court
by George B. McLeod, and as a result
the accused man paid to the authorities over one thousand dollars in cash
at the close of his case,
The fine was imposed in connection
with what is believed to be the biggest and most complete illicit still
ever found In the province of Alberta,
in the enforcement of the inland rev-J
enue act.
The still had a capacityof 1.500 gal
Ions per day.
To Help Farmers
New Kind of Fuel
Port Arthur, Ont.���The use of elevator screenings, which consist of short
straw weeds, for fuel, is being practised generally in the business blocks
of the city. Since the ruling of the
board of health that no more screenings should be dumped into the waters
of the bay, the elevators have been
hard put to find an outle't for the ever-
increasing surplus. , Screenings axe
said to give off as good a heat as soft
coal.      ���
Urge Government To
Build Battleships
Sawyer-Massey" Increases Staff
Hamilton; "Ont:���AT chieffuY "sign
that business Is picking up is the
Sawyer-Massey Company's announcement that It has added 100 men to its
payrolls.
Winnipeg. ��� Farmer-Progressive | problems
t members of parliament will support
the government In putting into effect
reforms which have been advocated
by thc National Progressive Party, but
the identity of the Progressive Party
will be maintained. This was made
plain by Hon. T. A. Crerar, in his first
speech since the election, when he
read to the convention of.the United
FarmeVs of Manitoba _a resolution
adopted at the secret conference of
A Beggar Capitalist
Madrid.���EMseo ^Pio Rodriguez,
when he was.rounded up in a police
raid on the begging pests of Madrid
the other day, proved to be a capitalist with $30,000 to bis name In a pro-.   ���.   _. ���-..������..   *M   t   r   m-��b.ja-*,.
,   , * ..    ���    * *��   ,      , i est competitor, Aid. J. J. McRae, by
vinclal bank, while he also possesses   _������__,.__
Vancouver's New Mayor
Vancouver.���Aid. C Tisdall, a prominent business man and one-time minister of public works in the provincial
legislature, will be mayor of Vancouver for 1922. His election was officially announced when the count was
completed under the proportional representation system.    He led his near-
a farm with 30 cows'. This fortune
Is the result of many years of mendi
cancy.
463 votes. -
This resolution
toon, December 20.
was read as follows
"That this meeting of the western
supporters of the National Progressive Party, - having taken under consideration ^the existing political situation in Canada and the course the
Progressive Party should follow, is
Of the .opinion that tbe gravity and
importance   ot   our   many   national
call   for a strong goyern-
' ment. .
"That.th-jffirst consideration of the
Progressive Party will "be to support) Worry Leads to Suicide
the legislation the country "needs, both! Regiua.~-LIeut.-Col. - W. G. V.
in the economic and administrative - Bishop, one of Regina's most promin-
sensc, and In the larger sense of eM military officers, a man widely
promoting and developing the spirit ^ovm in financial and business clr-
of Canadian national unity; and we c^-5 ��f tbe city, committed suicide by
will extend to the Hon. Mr. King's - "s---& a 20 SSMge shotgun to send a
government all reasonable co-opera-: charge of shot through his head,
tioa and support -in any efforts it Worry over his finances is said
may make to enact
Would Help Unemployment Situation
N In Northern English Towns
London.���At a conference of mayors
of northern towns of England held at
Newcastle, it was decided to urge the
Britsh Government to proceed with
the building of b->^������*-"���*'*���- in order td"
mitigate the unemployment sitintion
caused by the suspension of warship
orders.
It was declared that as the United
States and Japan were building battleships, Great Britain should do the
same.
Another   suggestion   was that the
Government should   advance   10,000,-
000    pounds - sterling    to    shipping
companies in. order that   they   might
j start the building of passe?jger ships.
Plague of Red Ants
. London. ��� Certain districts of
Southern France are suffering from a
plague of red ants. The ants are not
merely damaging crops, but are entering houses.
Forecast of Policy at Opening Session
of Manitoba Legislature
Winnipeg.���Investigation of opera-
lion of the Provincial Government service by a select committee of the
legislature with the object of bringing
about all possible economies with due
regard to efficiency, was forecasted by
Sir James Aikins, lieutenant-governor
of Manitoba, in opening tho second
session of the sixteenth Manitoba
Legislature. A feature of the opening was that the general public was
invited to attend the ceremonies
through advertisements in local
newspapers instead of the usual custom of by invitation only.
In delivering his speech from the
throne, Sir James referred to the
financial position of the agricultural
industry. His address carried the
information that provision would be
ma.de to assist the farmers with
necessary loans. It was also stated
that a bill would be brought before
the House to permit municipalities of
Manitoba to accept taxes during 1922
without imposing penalties.
The speech from the throne also
forecasts another move by the legislature this year to obtain control of
the natural resources of the province
and reductions In freight rates.
During the present year, a-soil survey-will be "carried on under-the" direction of the Government while the
legislature will be.41.sked to deal with
the problem of more efficient drainage and more equitable distribution
of drainage costs, "^he child welfare -
bill will again come before the house
for consideration.-'
It pays to patronize home Industry.
Buy from the merchants in your owa
town.
The New Rwf h Fme-Bul Tht Foundation /��� RoUat
De Valera Says He Will
Continue To Fight For
Irish Independence
DubUn���Eamonn De Valera inform- the issu^ce of a manifesto by the
ed the correspondents that he believ-1 frish Labor party' slating that labor
._, ,��� ���, _���,,���   into - legislation: bave been the cause of his act.
Progressive members-elect   at   Saska- Uhose economic and administrative re-1        -   ~   '
forms -which havc been advocated by j Build Zeppelin For U.S.
the National Progressive Party, while!
London.���Tbe London Times saya It
at the same time maintaining the com- is authoritatively stated that the eoun-
plete identity and organization of the ��* -��f allied ambassadors has' consent-
Progressive Party." ed to the Zeppelin Company building
-That resolution," commented Mr. In Germany an airship for the United
Crerar, '*or the sentiments expressed States Government" Work, it Is satin it, will he the sentiments which pected, will be begua Immediately,
will guide tbe - Progxessl/e member-* ^���-._ . .. ,-.. ������7 ���,,__��� _���--,-���_.
in the House-of Commo*-"   _               j W.   N.   U.   1*03
ed��� his party would Ignore the meeting of the parliament. In response
to an Inquiry regarding his plans, he
said he intended to continue the fight
for independence; he supposed elections would be held within six or nine
months.
Such elections added Mr, De Valera, take the signing of the treaty in
London as an; example, would be held
under the British threat of renewal
of warfare, and therefore he would
not accept the verdict as, the uncoerced will of tbe people.
"There Is a big line of cleavage,"
said Mr. De Valeia, "between those
standing for dependence and those
for independence. Never would he
under any conditions take the oath
of allegiance contained In tbe treaty.
Alluding to the Irish republican
bonds, ha declared they would fee re*
deemed by whatever govensment was
eventually established, and added
that a iaeeting of tbe .leaders of the
Sinn Fein party -woald be Held to consider the general pesi&on.
An   fcaport&nt   development   ���wasjsfc-sat-
would participate in the elections to
secure representation in the new free
state government.
- The method adopted in Bummosmg
those who are to ratify the treaty' 13
held to indicate that the British desire to avoid friction in the transference ot the authority of Ireland. In-'
stca��� of acting directly,-the British
Government acted through the Dail
cabinet, leaving the Dail to initiate.
execution of the treaty.
The   Associated _ Press is officially;
informed that -the heads of the Dub- -
Ha Castle vrtrald do-their utmost   to
facilitate and expedite the provisional
government's taking over full authority.     Amaageiaenta    have" "already
been- made tot the speedy evacuation
ol tbe auxiliaries asd, aa soon as th��s
treaty   is   ratified   by the southern
parliament, evacuation of -the   snny '
will begin.    Any of the existing Irish.
oflsclaJa  -whom  the  free  state  dis��^
mi&ses   mTsst   be compeusatsj! fiona^
Irish fttad3, excepting ^ths-aiixiiiarlea
and   Black   and fans, -w&o TfStl t>��
cotapeasaied by the BrftfeSt Oarer*- yi.
���������ry-
THE LEDGE
Is S2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in ad
vance.
G. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal aud OH Notices 7.    7.00
Estray Notices  5ioo
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears iv notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal'advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a Hue for
sach subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Tratiscient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals 12^c. a line each insertion.
The blue cross means thai
your subscription is due, and
tl'.nt thc editor would be pleased
to have more money.
Love is blind.
c
tbe dark,
They make it in
(THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
Good fellows are scarce but one
goes a long way.
Yov may be a peach but many a
peach hae been canned.
Rom. stockings are like reputations ���hard to keep up.
8o3ikti7mes marriage is a tie aud
Bomet-imes one side wins.
Girls dresses are a  fraction  too
short���an improper fraction.
oath to the incoming Mayor, Aldermen/ School Trustee aud Police
Commissioner.
Alderman Docksteader and Com
missioner Forshaw, the two newly
elected, were called upon for a
speech and in very well chosen
terms expressed their intention of
doing everything possible for the
welfare of the city.
Mayor Gulley named committees
for the ensuing year aa follows;���
Finance���Morrison, Kerr, Taylor.
Fire and "Water���Kerr, Morrison
and King.
Streets���King, Docksteader and
Mowat.
Health, Cemetery and Pound���
Mowat, Taylor aud Docksteader.
Lighting ��� Taylor, Kerr and
Morrison.
First named on each committee
is chairman of same.
Owing to coutinued severe frost
a water shortage was reported and
all consumers are asked to conserve water to the greatest possible
extent.
After carrying through some
routine business Couucil adjourned
until Jan..30th,'1922.
J. L. Coles Store at Merritt
Looted ���
Tjie more you  know, the more
you know you ought to know.
Neither water, fire, nor the air
we breathe is more necessary to us-
than friendship.    .
Don't jadge a man by the color
of his nose these days. He may
have been out in the frost.
The fellow who "does it now"
has   time   to'   do something, else
"while   the   other fellow   is   still
thinking about it..
A girl madly, in love often thinks
she might possibly live on love and
romance, hut she is - quite positive
she could not dress on them.
. If you buy out of town, and we
buy out. of town, and our neighbors buy out .of town, what in
thunder will become of our town.
You are to go the road which
you .eee7-to   be the   straight one,
- carrying   "-whatever   you   find   is
..given you to carry, as well  and as
stoutly as you can,   without mak-
: "ingfaces, "or calling people" to"come
and look at you. . V
;   The fellow who you* used to know,
-,.-.;-. And thought wW'Bji'bh' -a beggar,
VNow's rated as-a-millionaire "V  7
He ia sure some-boot-legger.. .
""--"---City .Council/yy
The final   ineefeing.'-'ofVthe.'old
-.-. councilfwftf- held in.;the City: Hail,
..  Jan. 16th,V After.formal  business
-had-been disposed. ''of-, the Mayor-
7   thanked the  retiring Aldermen for
the "whole-hearted ! support: given
him during   the7 past /year,... JH?
-   figured that the. City   had p"a>sed
through the moBfe critical period of
. its existence and   he7 looked   for*.
ward from this time on, for a new
era in the business and  growth of
-���' the city.-' -7 ;--
Alderman Taylor moved ia, vote
. of .[thanks to .the -.., officials . for the
. excellent   manner . in . which the
-various problems7confronting the
.   taxpayers had. been .Drought to a
satisfactory Viseae 'and  Alderman
7 Morrison seconded same, the whole
of the Cohncil: heartily endorsing
'.fehe vote.." 7V 7   --..-,..'; -���
; City: Clerk' Walters in-a brief
7 asd.very, able speech  thanked _ fehe
retiring conncil for the appreciation
expressed.   7   ���." ���.-.'.' Xx ���_
Stipen disry Magistrate Dewdnej-
ihea proceededVto ^administer the
On Wednesday evening, Jan.
-1th, thieves entered the rear of J.
L. Coles' bookstore aud got away
with cash and goods to the value
of approximately $150. Entry was
made by the back door, Ransacking every available drawer in the
hope of finding cash, the robbers
succeeded in unearthing 825 iD
bills (the property of Miss Jean
Coles) and also took the loose
change found iu tbe till. The
complete stock of fountain pens
and safety razors were also added
to the loot.
A sequel to the robbery is that a
man walked into the store on Sat-
urdtv-' morning and 'unfolded two
sweater coats, which .contained
the majority of the stolen goods,
Tn one of the pockets of the sweaters, was an "Old Chum" tobacco
sack containing all the loose change
that had been' rifled from the till.
His story was, that? he noticed the
sweaters peeping out from underneath the platform at the depot,
and upon examination, finding the
safety razors and fountain pens,
and having heard of the robbery,
he at once felt it bis duty to return the goods.
Two men were arrested in connection with the ease, were brought
before Magistrate Ellis, and were
remanded for eight days, pending
further investigation.        . '
Providence Mining Co.
The Providence Mining Company lias
sent out the following circulars to their
shareholders:
Chicago, 111., Jan 5, 1922.
Dear Sir:
This is to advise you that notice
has been served on the President and
Managing Director of the Providence
Mining Co., L,td., N.P.L., by the holders
and owners of the bond issue heretofore
made by the Company to secure its
bonds, in the sum of $50,000.00, for^the
payment of said bonds.
A demand has been made by the
bondholders for the payment of the principal and interest now due upon the bond
issue, aud the Company has been notified that in the event of its failure to
meet its obligations in this behalf that
foreclosure proceedings will be instituted
under the terms of the Trust Deed on
the mining property securing this bond
issue.
There is now due and owing to
the bondholders upon their bonds ��50,-
000.00 principal with accrued interest
auiounliug to ��24,723.82. There are outstanding the Company's notes for ��5,-
659.20. There is clue for material, labor,
etc., fi4.641.46, making a total of fSs,-
024.4S.
I atu calling your attention to
these matters, and laying the facts
before you, so that you may, if you so
desire, indicate whether or not you are
willing or desirous to take any steps towards the raising of a fund sufficient to
pay these obligations aud prevent foreclosure.
Of course this demand and notice
of the bondholders  mean that  if this
account   is   not   raised   that immediate
proceedings   will    be   coin-
ately 67 cents per share for the 30,100
shares issued, and if there is any value in
the mine it would be the means of saving
it for all of the stockholders. It is only
a comparatively small amount and may
prove a very valuable investment.
The stockholders will remember
how earnestly I tried lo have them subscribe their pro rata share of the debenture bonds when they were issued. I
again nrge.you.'to put up your pro rata
share of this $20,000 assessment that in
the event the mine proves profitable it
may be enjoyed by all the stockholders
I have talked with some ofthe
bondholders and they agree to the above
proposition. In case this series of letters
is successful I will use my best efforts to
have other bondholders agree to this. I
am sending an identical letter-to all of
the stockholders of record.
Hoping to hear from you al an
early date, I am -
Very respectfully,
Mark F. Madden,
President's*
Managing Director.
APPLICATIONS FOR GRAZING  PERMITS UNDER GRAZING ACT 1919
foreclosure
menced.
Dear Sir:
The
Ltd., N.P.L.
Committee of
Very; respectfully,
MlCHAE*. S. Maddrx,
Secretary.
Chicago, 111., Jan. 7, 1922.
Providence Miuing Co.,
has been notified by a
the holders of the debenture bonds that unless, payment is made
of same they will start foreclosure proceeding, notice of which has been mailed
to all of the stockholder by the Secre-
tarj*.
On January 1, 1922, there was
due the principal sum of $50,000,00 on
the bonds, with accrued interest amounting to #24,723.82. In addition to the
bond issue the Company owes on ��� notes
outstanding, past due $5,659.20, and accounts for supplies, labor, power, etc.
$4,641.46, making a total of $85,024.48.
I understand the bondholders
have agreed to take care of the above
outstanding accounts iu addition to the
bonds, should they be compelled to bid
the property in.
The mine has been closed down
since Sept.. 7, 1921, as we were operating
at a loss. The causes' for this were:
First, the former Lessees had taken out
ore wherever he could find it without
doing sufficient development work, and
had drifted under the Providence Creek,
apparently for the purpose of developing
the Bull Dog Exaction, adjoining the
Providence on thc South-' which he-
claims he" has staked or located,
, Second, the floods were worse
last spring than- they have been for
twenty years according to reports. This
trouble was added to by the water-coming in from -Providence creek. Third,
from a shortage of cash to operate the
mine to the best advantage, and.otlier
causes.
To re-open the mine there stiduld
be at least $20,000 in cash provided for
operating expenses, and to pay off about
$4600 which we owe for material, explosives, powder and labor. If this
amount was raised I would try to get the
bondholders, and holders_ of_the_promis_-
sory. notes, to at least postpone foreclosure.   This would amount to approxim-
Api'lic'ilioiife- fur I'l'i'miis Id -.tiizi- MvestocU
un tin.'Crown raiitris within oach Graztn-jr District of tlio Province of liritisli Columbia dtir-
inu [lie f-Taziiijr season of V>22 must be filed with
itiu District 1'oivstors at Williams Lake,
Cr-inl-nit'l-:, PriiKu 'ii-or^i-, Kamloops, Nolsou,
I'i"iiice Rupert, Vyneuiii'i-i\.Verm>u, or will! tlie
Comiuissl'iucr of tii-ay.iii)T. Department of Lands
at Victoria, B.C., 011 or before March 31, 1W2.
J!laiil< forms upon which to submit applications mav be obtained from lhe District Foresters at tlie above named places or from the
Department of Lands nl Victoria.
-..,_ Tlie (rra-tinir of livestock on Hie Crown
Ranjj-e without permit constitutes trespass, prohibited bv law.
���_��� .(!. R..NADEN.
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Department of Lauds,
Victoria, B.C.
January 9tli, l'-22.  ' v
���*- 4* 4* 4�� 4�� ,4* <fr 4�� 4* ���&- �����$�� 4�� ���$���
Float !
TRAPPERS!
Forlbur Convenience
SHUBERT
Has Opened a Depot af
VAMCOUVEfi
- BRITISH   COLUMBIA
CTttytytef /&% says:
t**&u*% jfZiett *tAtf*e*<
ONCE more "SHUBERT"
comes to the front with a
convenience for fur shippers.
As usual, "SHUBERT" is
looking out for your interest.
Io order to eliminate, for you the neeetiity of obtaining
export permit and the payment of royalty���to make it poi>
���ible for. you to get "more money"���"quicker" for your
fura, "SHUBERT" has opened a Fur Reoeivin-g Depot at      w 	
Vancouver. All you have to do it PACK UP YOUR PURS AND SHIP
THEM TO A. B. SHUBERT, LTD., VANCOUVER, B. C- NO PERMIT
REQUIRED FOR SHIPMENTS WITHIN THE PROVINCE.
"SHUBERT" is paying extremely high prices for Muskrat,
Mink, Coyote, Foxei, Marten, Fisher and all other lawfully takenfur-bcareri.
We want all the furs you can ship, but we must have them���QUICK��� so |et
after 'em and ship 'em to "SHUBERT" as fast at you get 'em.
TODAY IS A GOOD DAY TO GIVE "SHUBERT' A TRIAL
SHIP AU VOUR  FUAS DIRECT TO
A. B . S H U B E R~T\U|"T'��
THE LARGEST HOUSE IM THE  WORLD   OEAUNG EXCltTSiyELVJiL
NORTH  AMERICAN   RAW   FURS
VANCOUVER       DEPT. 120     BRITISH  COLUMBIA
I
GwpbM
A. ���,
Juadft
im br'
Banbirt
Umnii
eb  C LOA.T is uot, a periodical. " Ifc is a  book con-
taining 86 illustrations all
told, and is filled with
sketches and stories of
western life. It tells how
a gambler cashed in after
the flush days of Sandon ;
how it :*;-i:i5.'d in New Denver long after Noah' was
dead* how a parson took a
drink at Bear Lake in
early days; how justice
was dealt in Kaslo in '93;
how the salooh. man out-
prayed the women.in Kalamazoo, and'graphically depicts the roainiugs of a
western editor among, the
tender-feet in the cent belt. :
It contains the early history "I*
.1   H    1. ' ���
*f
The Consolidated Mitring & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited "
' -      , ���   .''.���,   ���.'-."..-    �� -;
Offices, Smeltiug and Refining Department
TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
'   '���  * ' ���-'
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copper and Lead Ores
Producers    of    Gold,    Silver,   Copper,   Bluestone,   Pig   Lead  and Zinc
:    -TADANAC" BRAND --
of Nelson and a romance
of the Silver King mine.
In it" are printed three
-western poems, and dozens
of articles too:~ numerous
to mention. Send for one
���before it is too late. The
price is- 50 cents, poet-
paid to any part of the
world. - Address all letters to'
PALACE AUTO LIVERY AND STAGE
W. B. DOCKSTEADER. PROP-
Auto Stage twice daily to Midway meeting Spokane, Grand
Forks and Nelson train, leaving Greenwood at 8 a.m. ..
For Oroville, Wenatcheeand Princeton leaves Greenwood, 3 p.m.
, Fare 81.5^ Each Way.   Hand Baggage Free.   Trunka Carried.
Express and Heavy Drayins.      . -- * * Auto's for hire Day or Nieht
We carry Tires, Oils, Greases, Hay' and Grain
Office Phone 13. " Residence Phone 3L
LEDGE ADS. BRING RESULTS
DR; J. M, BURNETT
Physician and Surgeon
��� Residence Phone 69 -
GREENWOOD. B.C.
The Ledge +
GREENWOOD, B._0.   ,4.
���f * * * -f * --f ��fr *f <f 4- -f 4
The Road Called, Straight
7 A Louis'Beainiebn production'.is
.never witboiife moments of delightful comedy.-. Little.Evelyn.. Knfch,"
clever cbild^'actresp, in', the role of
Baby Shirley;-; shares the comedy
laurels Vyifch-.the   breezy, -cowboy
star in 'his newest^7Betzivood production,   ..',- The. : . Road;... Called
Straight"   When .Ai 'Boyd (Louis
Benmsoh); enters a-'-. Pullman he is
attractcd'."by7ftbe cooing- of little
.Shirley and lie C069. right back - at
her.    Shirley's mother-leaves,the
child in-'Boyd's..."pare *b  buy some
refreshments   at7a .way' station..
Bat the flier,starts off without -hie'r
arid poor Al.is left with  the. baby
on bis bandstand knees. . "".-'".""
ipmrninnm^
00<KH>0<K>00<HXKKX><><K>0000<>0<>
T.    THOMAS
CLOTHES CLEANED
PRESSED AND REPAIRED!
TAILOR:,-.- GREENWOOD
ooo*oooooooooooockkx>oooooo
C. V, MEGGITT
GRAND FORKS. B.C.
Dealer in Farm Produce, Railroad Ties.
Cedar Poles, and Fence Posts, Farm and
Fruit Lands For Sale. List your lands
with me,   Have a buyer for good ranch
MCPHERSON'S GARAGE
GRAND FORKS, B.C.
Agent for Dodge, Chevrolet, Studebaker,
and Overland cars. Garage in connection.
d. Mcpherson proprietor
ASSAYER
-B. W. WIDDOWSOM, Assayer and
Chemist, Box buo8, Nelson, B.; C.
Changes*-���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead
fr.aS each, Gold-Silver $1.75. Gold-
Silver with Copper or' Lead $3.00. Silver-Lead $2.00. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.00.
Changes for other metals, etc., on application.
TREWONT HOTEL
NELSON, B.C.
Nicely iurnished rooms, by the
- day, weelror month
F. Nilson
Proorietor
NEW GRAND HOTEL
-616 Vernon St.. Nelson
Brick building and finely furnished rooms
JOHN BLOMBERG    *   - Proprietor
./
When you have something
'to sell, put a
For Sale Ad
In The Ledge
The charge " is reasonable
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
^Minimum price of first-class land
reduced to $5 an acre; second-class to
$2.50 an acre.   .--
Pre-emption now confined to surveyed lands only.
Records will be granted, covering,
only land suitable _for agricultural
purpose's and which is non-timber
land.     ' ^  "���" " '
Partnership pre-emptions abolished
but parties of not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each malting
[necessary improvemeuts.pn respective
I claims.
Pre-emptors must occupy claims
for five years and must make Improvements to value of $10 per acre,
including clearing and cultivation of
at least S acres, "before receiving
Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may because bf ilbhealth, or other cause, b��
granted intermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.
Records without permanent residence
may .be issued, provided applicant
makes improvement to extent of $300
per annum' and records same each
year. Failure to make improvements
017.. record same will operate as forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained in
less than 5 years, and improvements of
$10.00 per acre, including 5 acres cleared and cultivated, and residence of at
least 2 years^are required.
Pre-emptors holding Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in conjunction with his
farm, without actual occupation, 'provided statutory improvements made
and residence maintained on Crown
granted laud.
���- Unsuryeyed areas not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement: conditions.   ,.
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas exceeding ,640 acres may be
leased by one person or covpanyr
Mill, factory or industrial sites on
timber land not exceeding., 40 acres
may be purchased; conditions include
payment of sturnpage/
Natural hay- meadows inaccessible
by existing, roads may-be purchased
conditional upon construction of a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of-cost of
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.   ���-
* PRE-EMPTORS' FREE GRANTS ACT
Thc scope of this Act is enlarged to.
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces. The time
in which the heirs or devisees of a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this act is extended from one
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year after the conclusion of the present war. This privilege is made retroactive.
No fees relating to pre-emptions, are
due or payable by soldiers _on pre-emptions recorded after June 26, 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
4,1914, on account of payments, fees or
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions.
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city-lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted from en*
listment to March 31st, 1920.
SUB-PURCHASERS-OF CROWN LAND
Provision   made' for  insurance   of
Crown   Grants   to   sub-purchasers  of
Crown Lands, acquiring rights from   -
purchasers who failed to complete purchase, involving forfeiture, on fulfill- "
ment of conditions of purchase, interest
and taxes.   Where sub-purchasers do
not claim-whole of originalpaircelrpuf--
chase price due and taxes may be distributed   proportionately    over whole
area.   Applications must be made by
May 1,1920.
CRAZING
Grazing Act, 1919, for systematic development of livestock industry provides for grassing districts and range
administration under Commissioner.
Annual grazing permits issued based
ou numbers ranged; priority for established owners. Stock owner*- may form
Associations for range management.-
Free, or partially free7"perp-its for
settlers, campers or travellers up to teu
head.
i-.Ec6^my^dSatisfactioh
combined with Promptness
are the features which go to
make up the Service we give
bin* customers. Are you
one of them?
Mining News.
A mining de*kl of greafc interest
in theTBouridery .'was.consummated
recently when the Jack  Paul Mining Co.,  was formed Jo Spokane.
Frederic Keffer,  the wellknown
mining engineer,  and   Milton  A.
Lehher,  of Spokane. ' have taken
one-quarter ot the.promotfirg efepek
in the company and have gaarapr
teed  to raise $10,000 in the next
30-'days' for .development work on
the Riverside    mine   near   B-ock
Creek.    At pre3enS- three men are
employed on this property.: ,������'-"
IWEPRINT
-   ;(Ruled or Plain) .
Envelopes, Billheads,
)XX!Xxyy-*+
3
3
'.(All Sizes)
1 The
E 7   GREENWOOD
!^K^*iSffi3
Job'-Printing Department-', '".-=
- .   ..  ��.. -  . . ��� ,..-.. -  -.-.'.. .
BRITISH    GOLUMBIA
The Mineral Province of Western Canada
TO END OF DECEMBER, 1020
Has produced Minerals valued ae follows: Tlacer Gold, $75,944,203. Lode
^ Gold, $102,753,823; Silver, $53,868,28*5 Lead HG,637,221j Copper, 8161,513 8U-
Z^c 819,896,466; Coal and Coke, #212,578,492; BoildingShSe, Brick. Cement!
etc., 832,168,217; Miscellaneous;Minerals, etc., $1,037,408; making it�� Mineral
Production to the end of 1929,show an . "
Aggregate Value of $706,192,978 -
Production for Year EntUug December, 1920, $35,543,084
The  Mining  Laws of this Province, are morafiberal and the less lower
than,fchos8 of any other Province In fee Dominion, .or any colony in the British ���   *
e-mpire. -
Mineral locations are granted lo diseovarera for nominal fees.
Absolute. Titles are obtained   by developing such properties, the security '
of which is gnarfenteed by Crown Grants.        : V -
Full information, together with mining Reports and Maps, may be obtained
gratis by addressing���- ���, -
THE HON. T8E MINISTER OF MINES
VICTORIA, British ColumMa.
���* ii

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