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The Ledge Dec 20, 1923

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THE  OLDEST   MINING   CAMP   NEWSPAPER  IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Vol.   XXX.
GREENWOOD,  B. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 20,   1923.
No. '22
We invite your inspection of a
"  Nice assortment of ,
Mechanical aiid Other Toys
" Just opened Up
v Also a varied selection of     V
FANCY CHINA
Suitable for Christmas and New Year Gifts
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28L-
GREENWOOD. B.C.
Good Things for Christmas
Cluster Raisins, Turkish Figs, Dates,  Preserved
Ginger, Bulk and fancy packages Chocolates,
Mixed Nuts, Etc
Jap Orangey Apples, Bananas, Grape Fruit
- Sweet Potatoes,   Celery, Etc
Christie's-Biscuits,   Mincemeat
For Quality and Value Order From
Phone 4-6
GREENWOOD GROCERY
*&    ,    - '   " " W,
Almond Paste,     Smyrna Figs,
Dates,   Nuts,   Holly
Special Candies for Children.     Lettuce,. Etc.
In fact everything for Christmas
i'    OUR BEST WISHES FOR A MERRY CHRISTMAS
* t '  _
.*
���"M
Christmas Time
Remember Him   '
witli
Something worth
while
You can purchase it at our.
Men's Wear Store
W. Elson & Co;
FIRE
FIRE
FJRE
CHARLES   KING
Real Estate.
. Fire.  Life Insurance "
Incensed by B. C. Government
Accident & Sickness Insurance
AUCTIONEER
Auction ofl' your surplus Stock
Call  at  my Office and  see  me in
reference to any of above
JUST, ARRIVED
Fancy Xmas Handkerchiefs'
Fancy Stockings with Clocks
Artsyl rope, Crochet threads
Ladies and Misses Rubbers
All hats going at half price
Call and. see
MRS. ELLEN TROUNSON
Around Home
Greenwood Theatre
^TAYLOR & JENKIN
PHONE 17 GREENWOOD
INDEPENDENT MEAT MARKET    I
We carry only the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A trial will convince you
.J!
-I!
Jl
1
IK JOHN MEYER
===== |
Proprietor j!
SATURDAY, DEC. 22nd
Commencing at 8.15 p.m. ...
drama 'of ��� wandering- men
wondering women   ,
and
JUST ARRIVED
Christmas Candies?JFaiiey Boxes of_
Chocolates, Jap Oranges
Childrens Sleighs, Toys of all kinds
BUY YOUR CHRISTMAS CARDS HERE
. Complete assortment to choose from
Fresh Meat For Sale
McMYNN'S  STORE   -   MIDWAY
"The
Dangerous Age"
What is the Dangerous Age? Jazz Age?
Marriage? 'Wreck" Age? The theme cf
a play that runs the  gamut of drama
' The Biggest- Picture
John M. Stahl
Ever Made!
Lewis   Stone   as  lhe   man   who  went
awanclering.   Rutli .Clifford as the girl
who sent him squandering.. Cleo Madison
as thc wife who waited���pondering -
7���reels���7..."-' .  - ���' "- - - '"���
ADULTS 50c
CHILDREN 25c.
DANCE AFTER THE SHOW
. Send Your.
-BOOTS  said  SHOES'-y
'To    --V.V-"'--   .   -   W
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
The 20th Century Shoe Repairer
AH work aud material guaranteed.-. We
pay postage one way.'��� Terms Cash:"    f
Be Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited    *
Office, Smelting and Refining Department
TRAI1,, BRITISH COLUMBIA .
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Sliver, Copper, Lead and Zinc Ores
Producers  oi   Gald,   Silver,  Copper,    Pig  Lead  and Zinc
"TADANAC" BRAND
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge     -'"������ r,"--
Rev. W. R', Walkinshaw.. BVA.   ;
"Greenwood
Sunday, December 23rd
Midway 11 a.m. X;       7-"-.
Greenwood 7.30p.m.    ;. ,
MUSICAL-. .
Record' Exchange,' Winnipeg'. . Used
records exchanged twenty for dollar also
new records for old. -f Bargain - catalogue
free. Records in twenty-.foreign -languages." ' ��� '. . ' ;7. ;' ''.   "���"
BAY FOR^SAL'E';''���'���.
Mixed baled haj-,-Timothy and Alsike
.Clover, good for cattle, and horses, gio.oo
per ton. transfer: ed or F.O.B.-, Greenwood.
F. Hax.?se_s'KR, Box.'264, Greenwood, B.C.
I'
Friday is the .shortest day*- in
the year.
Local stores will be open on
Christmas Eve. .
���The Schools will close for the
holidays on Friday, Dec. 21st.
Mr0 and Mrs.'Robt. Lee were
iu Grand Forks on Tuesday."
See our Toys and Fancy China.
TV M. Gulley & Co.
John -McDonald arrived from
Bonnington on Sunday's train.
. Mrs. T.Rowe'was taken tckthe
Nelson Hospital on Wednesday.
Christmas Service in St. Jude's
Church on Sunday, Dec. 23rd
at 7.30 p.m.     WW   '
Walter Hawv of Grand Forks,
is spending a few days at the
Greenwood Dairy.
The Skating Rink Committee
acknowledges' a donation of $5
from H. McKee.
To all our friends,��patrons and
readers we wish, a very merry,
merry Christmas.'.
. Mail your Christmas parcels
for local delivery not later than
Friday, Dec. 21st.-
"J. M." Bella has rented the
Bank of Montreal residence aud
will'move in this week.
.Geo. Watson has a contract to
take .out 5000 ties and 200;000 feet
of logs for Bernard Lequime.
_i
,. The new-number plates for the
1924 auto licences have arrived
at the local Government office.
- Mr. and Mrs. C. R.. Garris and
two children left on Saturday to
spend .the  holidays in Spokane...
Mr. and Mrs. P. E Crane-and
sou, Walton, will spend the
festive,   season   <at   Snohomish,
Wash."   .        ���    " .     ���
y    ���- _    -
A! number' of. Greenwoodites
attended the Banff Orchestra
Dance in Grand Forks on Monday-night.
Dick Roylance' underwent an
operation in the .Grand Forks
Hospital on Monday and is progressing favorably. -    '
Next Tuesday the Post Office
will be closed. ��� The wicket will
be open for. half an hour after the
4 o'clock mail is sorted.-
V-Anaconda-'-schbol._wili:L-hbld:-;a.
Xmas tree on Friday W Boundary
Falls school will give ah entertainment on Friday, .evening.- ;'.'���
Miss Louise McDonald came in
from Spokane: ���, on Wednesday
having been called.home through
the serious illness of her father.
Creighton McCutcheon arrived
from Vancouver on /Wednesday
to spend the holidays^ with hi9
parents, .Mt.. audVMrs_ H.: McCutcheon.;. . -  '7.'."
.Mr... and Mrs. J, El McEwari,
"of;'"Spirit River. Station, Alta;,
formerly of V^oaconda, . have
moved-to Kerrisdale where they
will, reside.;.   V;. .-V
- lilt., and Mrs. Chas Elliott and
son are spending "a few days in
town the guests of Mr.jjmd Mrs.
G. S.; Walters, ..enroute home to
Lethbridge from a ./holiday in
���Vancouver. " " ;''.���- '   ""- V-' :-
The many friends of Archie
McDonald, a well, known and
highly respected resident of this
district, will regret to learn that
he took a stroke on Saturday last
and is seriously ill.  '
Ice at the skating rink is in
pretty good shape. If the weather
continues frosty it is hoped to
open the rink the beginning of
next week. Tickets can be purchased from the manager.
A. G. Yardley, assistant Customs inspector, returned to Vancouver on Wednesday. - Arrangements have been made for W. J.
Cook, of Grand Forks, to come to
Greenwood one day a week.
The sad news
necessitated the
Sunday Service
and  Greenwood.
narrated  below
cancellation of
at   Beaverdell
Mr. ' Walkin
shaw regrets that he had not
time to advise all the regular
attenders at Service of his inability to fulfill his engagements.
Mrs. W. R. Walkinshaw received word late Saturday evening of the sudden death at Kipp,
Alberta, of her sister Mrs. Fuller.
The deceased was a visitor here
last September and will be remembered by some of the citizens.
Mrs. Walkinshaw proceeded by
C.P.R. on Sunday afternoon to
Kipp.
The last Dance of the year and
the first Dance of the season will
be held in the Masonic Hall,
Greenwood on New Year's Eve,
Dec. 31st under the auspices of
the Knights of Pythias. Bush's
four piece orchestra -will supply
the ' music. Admission:' Gents
$1., Ladies SOc. Pythian Sisters
will serve supper at 35 cts. Dance
the Old Year out and the New
in.
Miss Irene Bella was successful
in getting aV'first"*" ciass'-dipEooia-
for music. She sat for this examination last June at the home
of her teacher Mrs. A. Beattie,
R.A.NL andR.C.M. The result
of this examination was publish V
ed in the Golden Star three weeks
ago when G. Sandbourne, Government agent of Golden was
asked to present tlie following
with first class diplomas Jean
Buckham,, Irene Bella, Thelma
Sutherland, and Dorothy Clark.
:. A. .D. Harris, manager o.f the
Vancouver, Heights branch of
the Canadian Bank of .Commerce
died atf his fhis home in .Vancouver .on .DecW"14thV The
jdLeceasedV-wasV'bbrn_in-"jEugland;;
coming, to Canada, Vw.henVonly
nine or . ten/years of age. ; He
came to British Columbia at the
age.of; 21, when hef joined -the
staff; of .the Canadian ^ank of
Commerce, for some time being
stationed at branches at Greenwood and.Grand Forks. .
Fine Entertainment
Audience and performers were
delighted with the concert given
at the Greenwood Theatre last
Friday, in aid of the Skating
rink. One of the features of life
in this district is the fact that the
Greenwood district possesses in its
amateur talent' an asset which is
shared by no community of similar
population in Canada.
_ The entertainment consisted of
an eight reel picture and three
special vaudeville numbers. The
first was a chorus of eight boys in
costume sieging "Barney Google".
The boys were Jesse Puddy, Geo.
Bryan, Edward Johnson, Allan
Fraser,"Allan McCurrach, Tommy
Walmsley, Jack Morrison and
Hugh McCnrrach. They sang this
particularly '.nice and full in
volume, and���what affords a rare
pleasure to the audience���the
words were distinctly given. When
encored they returned in horseback style whice caused much
mirth from the audience.
Noel Butler Bang "Give Me a
Cosy Little Corner and an Armchair for Two" with life and spirit.
The selection is not an easy one to
sing but it was rerfdered in an
admirable manner,
The hit of the evening was given
by these two well known comedians
Messrs. McCurrach and King.
They were dressed in fancy costume and sang "Mr. Gallagher &
Mr. Sheen", with local hits which
fairly brought the large audience
on their toes. Their voicea blended well together and their singing,
acting and particularly their well
selected home made verses with
local color were well chosen. Of
course the audience would not be
satisfied without an encore.
To state^that Mrs. J. McD. Eeid
was at the piano is sufficient to in-.
,dica.ie-;thut7periecij":-'nndei>atanding
existed between singers and-, accompanist. Mrs. Eeid's performance was delightful.
At the.close of tbe entertainment Chas. King thanked the
audience for their presence, the
ladies who. had prepared the supper, the Theatre Manager Mr. Gray
for use of hall,'all those who helped
and.presented Mrs. Reid with a
present as a token of V the
Rink committees appreciation for
her faithful and painstaking services..'. -" f - -[���'���'���-��� ' x 7 -. ���. -
A. splendid supper was provided
in . the , banquet;. room :. of ; the
Masonic Hall afterwards, a dance
held sway until nearly. 3 -am.
- TheRinkf committeeV is- pleased
with ; the:. Bnccesa. of the evening
which netted $6L85.
Midway News       "*"
Mrs. E. Hawkes and children
are visiting in Nelson.
A song sparrow, the. first harbinger of spring, was seen here this
week.
The Christmas Concert will take
place on Friday_21tet inst, in the
Presbyterian Church.
The Ladies Aid will bold their
first social evening on Jan. 8th at
the Old School House.
Ruth Clifford Has
Vamp Role in Picture.
For the first time in her varied
career Ruth Clifford wil be seen ir
a vamp role when John M. 8tahl'
latest picture "The Dangeroni
Age," a First National attraction,
comes to the Greenwood Theatre
on Saturday, Dec. 22nd.
Playing the part'of a New York
society girl, Miss Clifford starts the
plot rolling by ensnaring. Lewis
Stone's attentions when his better
judgment tells him that he ��� shonid
be at home with his wife and family. For a novice, she makes a
very good little vamp��� so good,
in fact, that one can't entirely
blame Mr. Stone for not wanting
to desert the'gayety of the bright
lights for the strained atmosphere
of his family fireside.
Christmas
While shepherds watched their flocks by
night,
All seated on the ground, *
The angel of the Lord came down,
And glory shone around.
��� ."- .     .
"Fear not," said he, for mighty dread
Had seized their troubled mind;   ���.
^Glad tidings of great joy I bring',  _ _.
To yon and,all mankind." ���-
['"Toyoa; in' David's towaHW^day." ���,������ "
:. Is born of David's" Jine, V,   ..V   '"   ' ""
A Saviour who is Christ the kord,-
And this shall be the sign:.""- "���'
"The heavenly Babe you there shall find,
. To human view displayed,   ,
Ml meanly wrapped in swathing bands,
And in the manger laid,"   ."'
Thus-spake the seraph, and forthwith
Appeared a shining throng
Of angels, praising God, and thus
Addressed iheir joyful song:
to
"Ail glory be to God on high,     ;  -
And to the earth be peace;
Good, will, henceforth, fro^i heaven
-   men, ���
Begin aud never cease." ���
������NahumTate.
.. The "Ledge can supply your
every-need-in -the printing-line
and atVprices. consistent wit^
first-class work... '.'. V-
Presbyterian Churqh;
"Christmas Treat
"How wonderful is the human roice.
It is indeed the orftan of the soul."
���Longfellow.
"It is indeed the organ of the aoall" Each iaflection.of your voice bus
a meaning for those who know you. Nothing may substitute for it, Your
voice is you!
Wheat* yqa have news fot a.friend-~when * business matter needs attention���when yoaimh to bring joy to those at home���send your voice���
yourself���on the errand.
V AH this company's telephones aie available day and night.
-    FOR SALE
_3Iilk   Cow,  just   fresh,
Durham,  price  675 00.
Madge, Rock Creek, B.C.
4" vears old.
Apply   J.   C
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY.
The next big dance to beheld
ia the Masonic Hall will be lield
under the auspices of Knights
of Pythias aad Pythian Sisters,
oa New Year's Eve.. Daace the
old year out aad the New,Year
io. Busk's four . piece -' melody
orchestra.        - ' 7
J.. Peck McSwain, one of the
best known travelling printers of
the west, ahd.for the past two
and one-half yearson' the staff of
the ' Portland Canal I?ews in
Stewart,.suffered, a partial stroke
bf paralysis on Dec. 5, that
affects the whole of his left side.
James Poggi, the veteran mining man of Greenwood, is a visitor in town today. Mr, Poggi
says that Greenwood is quiet but
that the old town is bound to
come back in the fnear future,
just asreal mining is taking on a
hew lease of life. He states.that
negotiations are now under way
to reopen one of the oldest' mines
in the .. district.���Grand, B*orks
Gazette.' -���' .    -    .-.'���' ���<������.' -..-:��� -V'-"
._ On Friday, , Dec.; 28th, /commencing.at 8 p. in.v a Christmas
Treat will given in'..the Presbyterian Church". -.      V    V.W
Sixty-one beautiful slides illustrating the life of : Christ,Vfrom
the. cradle-manger to the Cross
will be shown and suitable hymns
will, be' sung.at intervals by the
Sunday School children.... ,7
, The members of the Sunday
School will receive gifts of. candy
and fruit.' .Tea, coffee and cake
will be provided for all, old and
young.  .    '-   ,
Everybody welcome.. Parents
and children come . and spend a
pleasant evening. Admission
free.    No collection.    Come.
(jad dey e's Drug Stdr e
uarters for everything iii
XMAS GIFTS
Victrblas
Fountain Pens
Kodaks
Flashlights
--7,. ���-��� .f. - v Stationeryw;
100 Boxes, no twb^alike
Wonderful  Assortment. = Extraordinary Value*;
Very Particular
There are still conscienlions folk
aboat who. carry, conviction into,
the slightest detail.
" A.fLpcdoa bookseller had a letter
from one bf thens recently, ordering A .copy of Tennyson's poems,
with the postcrip'f: . "Please do
not send me one bound in calf, as
��I axil" a Tegelarisn.f';'.-.'"
'���' r. "���- Chocolates
In Beautiful Boxes. .Aii prices   V
Buy your bulk Chocolates in 5 !b. boxes, and stave money
All Chocolates are the celebrated NeilsonY make   .
Largest assortment ever shown in Greenwood
���' '"'"At pre-wkr; prices   --,       -v.". '[��� yXy.
Toys'
Motion Picture Machines, Magic Lanterns,   Sewing
Machines   and   e^ery&ing   in the mechasiica]   iinc
Something for ail ages' W-
Xmas Cards, Tags, Seals, Ribbons, Etc
: ���       *.- ���-��-.   " -    ��� ���.     ��� - ���
Look them ov.& your bound to be pleased
/. m
THE     LEDGE,     GKEE^WOOD,     B.     C.
.?&
'#
British Impressions Of America   ' Pretty  Girl  Prisoner
. j Interested Dickens
visitors   From  Old   Land   Find   People | 	
Here     Much    thc    Same    as
Elsewhere
'I'll.:    Vi-ri     ltliVlTflld    Albert    l.ilillie,
dean oi' 'Windsor,    1.00k    occasion    at
ihc 'l'liju3kH.vci\ ins dinner 01' ilu- AuK-r-
Novelist Saw Her In Kingston Jail  In
1342
Who     wit.-;     ih'.:    pretty     sirl     spy
whoni     Dickons    saw    in  Ihe jiiil  ul.
Kingston when making   his   iotir   ol
ican Society in lAmdon lo question ! Canada r.nd tho United States in 1-S 12'.'
.-fine oi' ih.. -lock Uritish ir.ir.r--s- j According to hi:.; ;,��� ersion in his "Amor-
sions ot America. Dean Ihiillie said, Venn Notes," the girl had beauty and
according to tie- dispatches, ihai dur 'aihenture enough to make a basis for
ins his recent trij. 1.0 this side of ihej;, n0\el or a play. Dickens was al-
ocean    "he    did    not liml ilie 1,-niiod j ways on the lookout for Homo aspect.
of social  reform,  but he  liad   also  ;i
FOR BOYS AND GIRLS
" 1 itttTk licvxwv^*. A. a.,, p.p.
Interesting' Stones For Young Folks
Published   By   Permission Thomas  Allen,   Publisher
It:
BOLDNESS
sense of dramatic possibilities. Uenee
he wrote iu a manner which excites,
curiosity eighty yours after.
"Thero is an admirable jail here,"
lie wrote in ' Kingston,, "well and
wisely governed ami excellently
regulated;.in every resp-.-ei.    The mon
Slates ;i country of husliers but a
country ol serious peoplo golni; about
the business of life much the same,
as tho people of other countries."
He added lhat Loudon subways "aro
much more crowded than Xew York's,
Inii in New Vork a    young   man   had
offered   him  his seat .in lhe. subway	
llie   first    time   such a courtesy had j were    .employed      as      shoemakers, j afraid to do and sland for tho right,
-���ver  booh extended    10    lym."      lie 1 blacksmiths,   tailors,   carpenters   and
Hirudin   Americans "liad  more of Uie 1 sionecutters,  and   in  building  a  new'
spirii of .-elt'-sacrifice Hum others."      j prison ' which  was wry far advanced
Such eouuiicnis as these are sjrale-��� toward completion,
fully received, and none the    less    so j     "The' female   prisoner.-.   weVe   oc-cu-
Tbore is ;i splendid kind of boldness.
Ono day, years ago, sometime after
���fhe. death of Jesus, two of His disciples, Peter and John, were arrested
and brought before their bitter enemies wlio were ready and able to kill
ilieni. And Peter, the noble soul,
stood up without a pang of fear and
just told ththn face to face what ho
thought; and-then the New Testament
story says: "When they saw the boldness of Voter and John they marvelled." ,
if i.s .1 fine thing to see men and women and jjirls and hoys who are not
Electric Warships >;      Bo>'s Take to Sea Life
* F ITIi^Jr! t^fl i Grcatei' Inducements Now Being Offer-
�� '     !     , ed to Boys to Learn Seamanship
U.S.   Has   Only   Fleet'of   Kind   in   the!
World    ." !
With completion of the West 'Virginia, the last of ihe treaty ship.-?, to I
bo commissioned within a iVw days j
at Newport News, iho Unitefd States,!
will have six battleships with an i
aggregate tonnage of 191,-lOo* tons'
lhat are electrically propelled and!
electrically equipped throughout. j
This will be the only electric fleet
in the world. All six electric drive
vessels were built within the last
.-ix years. Tiie fact thai they have
ti tonnage six limes lhat of the fleet
of six ships that Admiral .'Dewey
had a. the bat tie of Manila indicates
the extent of naval progress jn
twenty-live years.
Tlio total eleciric energy gener-
atu by ilie six elciric battlships, 11-1,-
���>t>0 kilowatts, if applied to other purposes than driving ships would:
' Light an .ordinary housc-hohl M.i'.-.da.
lamp for (557 years.- - ','-,��� V ".-."-;.
���Operate M.i.W.'sireca-ciirs..--"'--':," -.'���. ".
Pul! forty-eight, electric - passenger
trains -out "-01,7-1.lo-Lorannf -.OcinrVil-
T.t'rt.iina'l-'iu.New .Vork'. "   '-    -_
;ll* applied to "a. Vaiiiab.ie,j;.ck would
lift":;).'mountain of solid- rodl'"','.".11-1 J'eet'
' liigh-.aiid "i.hOO f-:e.t.,in 'diameter, ai- (he
���base ak'ilie'-r.no of-one-foot, a" day-..'... .-
'. ' If used, ttv pinup ".v.-alorwou Id.low-er
'the/level oi' L.;ike._\'ii.hi"g;in Ten .1'ee.i  ;i-
Tho - latest board of trade figures
show that tiie number of apprentices
in merchant service vessels is ou the
increase. This is good news, for it
indicates thai greater inducements are
being offered to hoys to adopt iho sea
as n career, turn; a writer jn liie London Mail.
Nominally a boy is apprenticed to
tlie master of a .ship to learn seamanship and navigation, ln the old
days, however, that was merely the
theory, but never the practice. There
were companies whicli treated their
apprentices according to iheir undertaking, but they were very few.
For the most part in the old sailing ship days a lad went no sea when
he was let ,or.11. His parents paid
ii premium ���*>!' anything I'rom 20
pounds, and ihat sum -was returned
to him in wages during tin. four
j ears of his indentures.
...Hut lie was given 310110 ol the privi-
lege's-'io -which"he was .entitled. - Jio
picket! up what/.seamanship'.he could
from tlie jminh,\' HV'.-woi\7" uniform
ashore, hut at-sea he'.pui-on dungarees
.and- worked, .firs! .-as a ~deck-boy, -then
.;t.s an;ordinary 'seaman, 'and finally as'
an -able seanion.-. 1 n-iiis hist,year.
the only-difference- between him- and
an A. li. was, thai he'-jvas -gettihg -_CS".a
-year fuid..tlie "A.fJ.' ��i',(ir ��-l:a'.month,
"file.filled-the lamps;..- scrubbed - the-
"decks.-  furled,-.-.the. "sails, and .took" a
because ihe libels they dispose of are
Pitt onily absurd. Americans are much
like oilier people, being made tip of ul-
nioftl. all the races of lho western
world; i-nd tlie.v an- particularly like
the Ihitisli. ;.|nee their institutions
and tludr culture were formed upon
the Uritish model. rt is silly and
superficial to make a mystery of our
national character. Dean Baillie's
are words of wisdom, making for understanding.
Miss '.Megan 'Lloyd lleorgo, who accompanied her distinguished father
on his recent travels on this continent, also had something to say jhis
week about America and Americans.
She testified that we are "the politest
nation on earth," that our women
"dress exquisitely,"   that   wo   are not
loud voiced, that we-do not chew gum
that we do not know how to rest and I though, as tUo reader   may
th.it sii-"' wanted to come back.      But I from    this     sketch    of  hi;
pied Ju needlework. Among tint in
was a beautiful girl of 20 who hall
been there nearly three years. She
acted as bearer of secret dispatches*
for lho self-styled patriots on Navy
Island during the Canadian iusurroc-
lion: sometimes dressing as a git
and earr>ing them in her slay's, sometimes attiring herself as a. boy
secreting them in tlie lining of her hat.
In the hitter- character she always
roue as a boy would, which was roth-
ing to her, for she could govern any
horse, ihat any man' could vide, .ami
could drive four-in-hand with the bos I
whip in those parts. Setting forth on
one 01" her patriotic'missions, she appropriated to herself lhe first horso
she could lay hands od, and this
offense had brought her where 1 saw
lier.      She  had   qui I.o  a   lovely  face,
suppose
history,
Listen to this story which I will give,
you just as 1 got;.it:
He was sniall for.his ago, worked in
a signal box, and booked the trains.
-One day I.he men chaffed him about
^being so sniall.     One of them said:
"Vou will never amount to much.
Vou will .never be able to pull these
levers; you are too "small."
Tlie little fellow looked at them.
"Well," said he, "as small as 1 am,
1 can do something wliich none of you
can do."
"Ah; what is thai.?" tliey all said.
"1 don't, know that 1 ought to tell,"
he .replied.
both J van Baillie    aud    Miss    Uoyd 1 there  was
George seem impressed wit)Vthe fact 'bright   eye.
that, we aro human and in some respects  civilized,  and very   much  like
other bipeds of the species.     And'this
is ;t. good omen for international rel;i- j
lions.--The N.T. Herald. i
a    Itwking    devil    in    her
which   looked   oui   pretty
sharply    from    between   her    prison
bars."'���From 1)10 Toronto (,'Iobe.
|luj    N Hut tliey were Anxious to know, and
urged liim 10 toll what   he   could   do
thai  none of 1 hem, wore able to-do.,
'Said one of the men:
""What: is it, boy?"
"I cari' keep from swearing and
drinking!" replied  iho littlo fellow.
There .wero..-blushes on the men's
faces, and they didn't sent anxious for
any further information on tho subject.      ^_ . -
"Was not he the right kind of a bold
hoy?
Or what do you think of a lot of oilicers at a dinner, drinking aud telling
unclean tales.
Everybody had io loll a story or
sing a song.
One young, shy fellow said. "1 cannot,  sing  but   1   will  give   a   toast in !
courage and'with a stiff, brave heart.
Some day you will read and study
Shakespeare, and. he will give you this
message:
"What's brave, what's noble, let's do
it, and make death proud to take
us."
Another  writer, whose name  1  do
not know, is quoted as saying:
"We make way for thc man whojioldly
pushes past us."
Hear girls and boys, was it not u
great moment for Canada wh'en a little, handful of Canadians stood at
Ypres, iu thc first poison gas attack
"and dared to face it, and stand fast?
Their boldness helped to stem ' the
tide, and that first stand was thc beginning of tho events that won tho
war for the Allies,
That sort of a hold person makes
history, and makes the history of their
country. ">
The poet Emerson puts it this way:
"Not gold, but only men cau make
A people great and strong.
Men who for truth and honour's sake
Stand fast and suffer long.
Brave   men   who   work while others
sleep.
Who dare while others lly- -
They build a nation's pillars .deep
And lift them to tho sky."
But, there is a boldness that acts on ["of UhiL the. name. America comes froV'
life like foxes in a garden. j Antalric..or Emmerich...a 11 old.C.crtnan
It is seen in the rude, rough, saucy, j word   spread   through Furope  by  th-r-
forward girl or boy. J Goi lis and soirtcnoiL.'in .Latin to .A mori-
'.lhe   boy    who   becomes a "smart     ,-       ,. ,    r, ;:,-���/    V-  ��� ���
Alec."      Sometimes   other   boys   call j m*��nd in mhim ,0 A^PSO-.
him "Smart y." . '   '    I'" Mpwc"eiV'il .is pointed - out   on   tiip-
Or" tho girl who does uot know how'other hand tliat .the origin may have'
Dizzy SpeOs
Bearing-Down Pains
When pains gather around
the hips and lodge in the small
of the back���when to stoop or
bend seems impossible, when.
dizzy -spells and -bearing-down
pains are ever present���that's
. the time to use Dr. Hamilton's
Pills. Irregularities disappear,
vital energy is restored, back
trouble is forgotten.
DR. HAMILTON'S
PILLS        7
The ailing -sick woman 'gains
strength, improves in looks, increases in spirit, by using Dr. Hamilton's Pills.' .They correct the conditions that rob her of health'and vigor.'-
No medicine.so helpful as Dr. Haiuil-.
ton's Pills. 25c at all dealers, or The
Catarrrfozone Co., Ivloiitreal.
How  America   Was   Named
Before    White    Men    Cams     Indians
Called Country "Amaroke"'
Discussiou is again rife as to why
tlils  continent   was  named   America.^
Opinions vary as lo ,how if happens
lhat its people arc called .American.*,
many   crediting   the -fact   entirely   to
this continent  having been discover
cd by iiutl named i'or Aniericus \'o-X-
pucius, the son ot a wealthy* Fliy'-'ii-'
title notary.     This is based on the li--.f
to blush; with no sense of sbame.0You '
can .always tell them. She' dresses
loud, and laughs loud, and makes a
fool of herself on thc street; and he
-glares at. you and acts Impudently, fmd
thinks lie is manly.
Thev like to be looked at, and stare
hack. ' ~
Thoy hick genile. finite refinement,
been entirely native; -Ask any old In-,
dian 'medicine man what was the name.
of this country before the while'man-
came, and he--' will, invariably say
"Amaroke."' This has been written
in no book for him, ha�� not been drill-.
ed Into his mind by auy    white   111:111.
well  established   anions
rn-ar-Mi- p.;  of
Long Life of Beasts and Birds
wafer." And tlie ioasl he gave was, j and if ihat spirii grows, it will ruin ' but has been handed down_fronr;;."-:jit-
"Our Mothers." , j the. character and make the girl or boy j iUj0)]   to"'generation,  .���md'the   fact  V
Tho   rest   were   so touched hy his.1 disliked by everybody-who cares for a '
.splendid courage thai Ihey shook his'1 gentleman or a lady:    and    in    later
: hand    and    thanked    him,    and    thc 1 years tliey will be ashamed. , liistoi-y. of. today.
I Colonel said il. was one of the braves! j     Take a  dictionary if you have/one, i' " - ^--.���-
i acts li-.- ever saw. s '     .-; and see the two uses of the word.
j ,.A    great    Seal eh    pivucher was so |     Bold���heroic,   brave,   gallant,' cour-
1
New Power Contrivance
n j for iwcnty-iivo years in the Zoological |
iOardens in Loudon proves that certain ���
May  Get  Back to Single   Cylinder
Automobiles
The .London Daily l-7\press is author- j animals are much Pnwr lived Ihan is
iiy for a report to ihe effect thai an  general imagined.
Inventor   named    George Consiahlin-    . Everyone  k'now.s   that  whales.'  clo-
eseo   has   invented   an   apparatus   or | phanis,   parrot's   and   pike   aro  .gifted
Interesting Data As a Result of Close'1 ]>���y'' IIl;L' Jl WllK K!ll<1' "hl- 11(-'vrn' fear-; ageous, fearless
���,... . ; "'1 the face of man." j     Bold���rude,     without
oy ���    c. i     Kvery girl and boy should  be bold' pudeni.
I he laci lhat a chimpanzee has lived : jn that way --fearless, heroic, full of 1     "Which an' vou going 10 bo?     '
���h.mie.     im-
Detestable Things
New Diet Saved Life of Chameleon i
1
an apparatus or phanis, parrots and pike aro
mechanism that promises 10 rovolu- [ with longevity, but how many know
lionize the motive power of ilie auto-; that a eat may .survive to ihe ago of
mobile, and. all
Objectionable   in   Tenth   Century   Are j Refused   to   Eat   Until   Favorite   Meal
Equally  Objectionable Today |' Was Provided.
A Severe Attack
Of Heart Trouble
Was Relieved Br
MILBURN'S
" Heart and Nerve Fills
In   that   remarkable book.  'Tdakura
The liasilisk Chameleon at the 1.on-
similar, power-driven ' a .inarlcr of it century.
--������,.' .'  ".'       ;   ' __-.-���".'.   '-;v,'h.eel': , lie   was"' taught  "nothing   of
.7  X;-v- '- '.  A    "Vj-     - . .:.  "���"  f f V'navigaiioh-.;:7   "Any'.forecastle    hand.
' ���"���' ~[ 7^eP-' 9- Advertising . , xyy\ i.0uld.;6rdo.r M'iii about iuid;e\act dbed/
���  ' ���'    -. ".    - . ��� "~-   ~~ ���"   ���'."-"��� .'���''..    X -| ience':'iiiuil he-grew strong enough '.to
.Purpos*   is:tip   Increase   Business ���and^���j     : (!'.d;, f uls^-_. a.uHibWtj{- "^ j cifi-: .his"
Interest Public
. 1
',' An editorial'.which applies td'every.
;llne o.f business find industry,falthbugb. j
)t" was 'intended its 'a .messag--' tb.'the
.Vieefrical .industry, appeared in,.p'--'r-y
rt.nt  publication   from - ih.e  .banking
house "of Henry l*.::.r)olu'-riy., fr-L'o.    The
'editorial i.s- headed':" v-Ko'ep"on Adver-.
(i.-;in'g'-' iihd sffys':in pari:  "-' "-,'.
'���'If- ;i "public .utility, like .a .gas. .or
(fists,    .'lie was licit ai:.'liberty, a's..were-
the"seamen, to leave tlie ship as soon
as i 1 - fetched a-hoaie,p.o.rt;   '-'-   -
His infietu'iit'es- completed,-, he -.had
1 o""-go'7for. ��� at-, leas.i six. ino'iithi.ui..a-
iiiiuiical, school-10 Jearn ,r n;_ vigaiion.
before, he- cotild hope to "pas.,; his- sec-
���oniLmale's' examination. 7   - V--
-- These things have, been aflc"r.ed"npw,
itnd a boy whoseTai'ehts can itffordto
ieetnc.lighi company, is carrying all'. ind(,ntllr0 v .^"^'tnugM liiy .job prop-
"erlV" arid'.'get's v.iiufiVVfor". iiis" money:
���That is: why- at.''Jast'mpro.boys arertak"-'
ng-uptho seii its.ii i.ro'fi.ssioji.   -" :.'
Surprise. For Japan
���the-load'-.it-ciaii'.jhould-ii continue 10
adveriise? ��� By- all means, not only '10
increase"-.the.' demand", for; it's "service.
'biit'f to keep ��� Ihe-intei'-'St .of .ihe piihlicj;
;     _ ���-   --���-"    '- ���'-"   ,.   ������.-���"������.--"   ' ���'-    -   ; 1'
i.n..the company alive.-" ":. --.- .-x ;_���_. ."-:.-:
; "To "increase Vbusihes's. is foi'nj iil';.ihtfv,
ess.ei'iiial purjioses'of advei'tisinsr. -'J'o ]  .:. - ''- ".',"���-    ~---X-' ���"-       -������-��� -
krp alive' tlie imblicls'inuWt. irvVh.f ] S^eel- 'an?-' Concrete'- Buildings.; With-
stor-V.or- the 'concent 'is Viuitc-as" valu-V -'���      - stood-.-EaHhquak.e' Shock. 7 ; ,-
nbli-' an end and' l-os'iili- oVa.Iv^riisingr! X.^y^'hii^ K-araod a surprising, les-
���n:s-to increase ptibHc d,-maudfoi-ihe f ?VV from-the.lerridic i-Jtriliquak.s   ',.,.
Vttife's or'thp 'rof.c.r-rn'.r' ..w-mi-.V - and '-'/-���Wb^n shu.begtvu to pur .up tall'JCuro:'
'^products. -' .
--'.'There   is
liiiichinery.     Tlie"possibilities claimed
i'or Lho. machine are almost uubeiie'v-
iiblo,'but. are-vouched,for by,- the Kxy
iire'ss :iypre>eniative;-.''V. '' [-, ''- ���'    -'. '-
"Constailt.ine^c'C'," "says .'tlie   IC.vpr.-'.ss,.
Vet there'an; ai least: two well authenticated records oi.';cats living, one
io.i\yehiy-"]our, the uiher fo tw-'iity-
Jivo years of age, aud it seems'that a
liealihy cat, carefully-ied, has aiiaitir-
-Mr.    A.    ]���:.    Uarnes.   AtheuK, ty.-.t..
writes:-���"l\ntr years ago f hitd a vrv
severe    alUick    of heart  troub!-.1.      t"
consulted  my .doctor:   lie  treaied  m-.-'.
! for some time, .but  1 only  seemou  Lo
! be getting worso.> . I .fiiii-illy  went f:��
our    druggist " :tnd.. purchased    ihriv
boxes  of Milbtun's. Heart ard  Nerve ~
Pills  aud  (h'rived     irmuodialo     vXil.-'
from   their, use. ;pwl" I  can��� irtilhfuily
say tliey .'arc a wonderful niedlci.-io.    t
back- again :io:the-:o)df siii.ple.single-1 tliar.the^lite of air insect i? meaKunid ' X'^y )lf^: -g^ 3^'js^oi"Jnii-j  - H  '.'was ' au'iie'  a pathetic, bedside rSrS'% wHsTl.k^a^i S and-'
cylinder Jmu,. thus- siiving'coiiipHcaiod'. by weeks,-. 6r, at ._mAa, niontlis.   -.'Tot  miii ,y rVj^)1(,";. V(JU-,--;���; ^ hiM-,lff ������.. seen-- before'-thc ' jiost   .brouglft"   the ! fp^, ,,n.,ijg1,v a.,ain ��   ���        --'...'
valves,- mateiMa!,  machinery;. ]ul>Vica: | the late ^ord Avebury ptit if on rOcord hii^noUier Mime. -. "llut" those, whom j Hfe-giying /.insects: ;.  'Showing    eri: j   . Mmiwn's.ijfari'hnd Noi'vo Pills ;ire .
that ho kepi;-;i7iu-jeu ant' aliye-incaivj yo\T c;uihor/sumin:i'ri IV dismiss are'd'e- j"tl-mcef.:"of   -his    six.' v'eeks'f fast," lite.! 50(. ;,->),��� ^ ..,,' aU   dealers."  or-^>'..a fed
livjly.ror no fewer Xhanlifteeii .yours.:,,;.(nhk indeed.^-- ;.f'  V   .-'"'.-  ���/-.-.! <'h:tme!er,n  had scarcely the/slrength.l ijirec^ ' ',,���' "j-eceipt" of price" by TheVV
iii. the"luce. when, tlie-;'^uiburn'c'o.V'LiDiltcd'; ���Torotito..O!iL.' ~'
no /.oslii," Sei Shonagon, a poetess, of | (1'.��n Zoo, writes "L. G. M.." d'esires io'j
j'the Japanese court iu iho latter pan i 'bank.tho man who saved bis life by j
j of the ii-nLh .ceiHury, gives a chapter ��� colleciing and forwarding    a    tin    of 1
to' ".Intestable Things." II is av-ery | "Kolrlon" cockroaches,
j I'.uinan chapter, ;ind tlio obp'ctibuiihl-i ��� llccynily it was suited ihat meal
I Things arc enually. bbjectlotial- Today."\ worms-ami the big bliick cockroaches j
I'T'ho following exahiples are diioted hv-piad lailed 10 tempt the chameleon to-]
!.Mr.,l>. IM. AVcaver'jn The'"]>llmiin." ' i-W <m living.    -Only ihe sniall -"sold-'
would Libolish-'ih'e fouiVtlie-six and'.ihe [al-'span-^of life of about
eigln--cylindere'd - engine-,--'.and , eomg'|" - Most.of us .;tro-..U4(ler i.lfe' impression^! VJU VirlT a :'h)iig tale- when "you .'are' in -! ^H'ply of these insects liad been found. !-
sixteen ye;ir.s.';.. A;.visitor''avIio .VitK down to n-gi'ile ; on" cockroach .could save him, but no ;
t-
>y "chance he is ;in inii-1
to turn '-bliick
The-goose is.by far;.i ho-longest lived j. .;��.,bios  who.'cry^iir'.bjgsfihal Wl   .     .
of any oi'our,dom-.'s'tic "birds.-, '.Tiiore: jn^j >v),'qn j,jxi ".,;.,, .("vy.imV tiroveVh'.>a'r '(-"sumo old"-jni;;il-wqrnis were offered "at j.   - -. .���   ...-.	
are many' instauces-of geese.'su'rviviugj ^rmielliirig.'     ���-.- Xi) '-.;���'-���   .; ' ';fbr->akfifst '-'time.' Vl.iliou.r- wavW oi: j o,.   -   t  ��� n     ' ''���:i-   -
air'or -water-cool- Jn good health up. io' \he age <>T forty ;';   ,\ dWthai'b;irkij'aL'visilorsf~-^; k1i:i vol r''l!ovV .mot iJed'JjisVskin--'when-'ait | thina ,.1S" Uemaudmg
Soars.
longer
lion and many -other., costly', it cms.-
-Built up in 1I10'"engine-casing, is the
Const ant inesco converter," wliich for. a
small car would, fit comfortably" fin. ii
twelve-inch -box." ..The engine can', be
horiz'onia), veriicii
ed," aivflfl ho. .drive to ��� -the. ; back " 'axle-
would be" via.ii straightforward -propeller, shaft and-through two universal
joints."- to, allovr i'or inovemi.iit impos-
'eil-. by .rough,roads-'and the weigh 1:, carried..;; ' ���'-������ ���'���'.;,-- ,:'.;'.���; ���'-', ������".'���""'''''"'" '������ '���
''��� 'i'liis'is.all tliere is 1.0 it.. CoiisfahV lived:
fincsfcp would, abolisii...altiig"eiliei' tbe
orthodox" clutch as; we-f 110k -l>n'o"\v"H.
���\Vo should" save ihe' complicated,-hti.il
harburbus gearbox and f.-gear'", levc-r,-
. le:
t-
T'.uf small'birds
' tiian
Jiv
much.
Oil!
m wanfei.| tof kill stich-'ilogs.
dnger tlian' ,is-;geuerally suj.posed. i_ i\jo.s<niiio.^ dial 'buzz about -you-w liim
1'here.is the-case ofa goldfinch-which [ydu want "to.^ie.'p :tre espeeially y:
it. tlic'agf? of. sixteen was still' .in gbod'!"j(.'_.j'..i.iV ..." .."'.,    ""'..-
ness.
are
""All
very
with clutch. .jiedtLl";   -  The-only .differ-;"" Wild  birds-, - as  a-" rule,.- die-, violent
ence iii. fhe axle wo'tfld be" that7";.t ,o~ne-:_'de"aths',f'aii'd "alilioiigli- it is'f'diilR-iiliVio
no' 'sioi''.,,',<>r -'-bu.-jiiH.'S.-ii
l-oan buildings of.'steel and eoncrel.-^;
there;W"i;<-mauy \vho.pr6].ihebie.d'.1 hat
^uorth-"advertising'ai.illl,"-bur vwhieli l^i^^irs-a lmge ihistako.7 ;Tho onlj;:
i.OsWs-V - miinyV fehitive VitCts "ihat.WW"^^'^^ suitabI-;';ior yjapan,
would'.be:.'sAOil  iiWrt,"'--"fo' "u-At "lite i U)<-V ^'W^W-'.1^ .Ji��liCs��nifftur'.- of
to'-oiif.- gear .would" take; the':place of ���'form, an "exjicf opinion as-to the age of
the,, reduction gear now in common: Uie snialier wild' birds, fit is'snfo to
use'.1' ��� '���'.,-���. ' ..'- y.y --.--. - '-..". " isay that, with'the exception of oiie or
7 Th--..- ������ugim-'-' for ",'a'uy type- of ear ] two.' sp--cies. - ii randy;'exceeds live
would ; be .iipproxiihittely half the size.! "years. . The larger'birds, such -as
"6l\'tliQ -T-pitf- that.-now--has to' bo'. <mi;-;.i:ickda"ws, "rooks and lierons/juaj jier-
pl6y"|.ri:'-" - ��� ���"''"' -;','--V"'." ���'���'' - ' '" .- '.j-haps-go'oii'-totea.yoars..'. ��� .'.."'"-:-
���"-;:,",���".��� --'.' ---y-X-^~.~^^~x ,--"-' -���,,..��� Of'hll. living tilings," itW'cn'is-.likely
7',"'-; ..'Aii HpViest-'-Rag Picker-f" , X~ ^hat iho. lorto'is'- lives longest. " Ono
���'..-.V'-i'-iig-picker,'makins-liis! furtive .col-7'Pi'toise live'd ai.-Pe'i.e'r.borouijirPii'laee'i
'hci.ion.s outs.id��;. '.thc-'WalUOEf: Asioria - .Kntflsind.; during'fi ho tenure -of seven
JToi.-i; '>:Wyoil^.picked" up a i;i',ler:'.'b!shops-^hat; i��,-;i'rom,_.17a7'. 1.0. .1S3U.
ed. eiivc'loj-'e'- ' finVide; in?'. 1'ouiid' three'I'ssti'dl is still preserved v.n'd.':r'g):i"--s
at. tlic'agf? of. sixteen was still'.in
-plumage and. singing beautifully
- .Canaries .. aro    extraordinarily long j ^^X ()E 'Ul,x. ^n "7;! A:er
iAf AVorij-'i.nff; lOiiKlumi, _i'i-.i\rtv- jn'torrupteiv, Voiii'i^ anil ��� old
years ago.-.a. ciiiifiry.which had-'be'iui in ''.letestablef- -.-- -X Xy '������ :"'X ���'���:-.
theViiossessioii. .'.f- its ,owner" for.;" .WopleWlio," "wiieit' you iiro -ielling
twentjvfour and ii half-yeiti^, w.as sfiilf|!iLXory, break 'iii.:witli-"Oh,;l 'know,",
'ahd.give.quiit.' :{,diffi?ncnt versionV'i'i.hi
ypur;own, 7"V_1.V' ���:.:.i._7 ::.V.;VV
-l-'ither _:ti.-'lioiire   or: -in 'ihe  pa.h.i_v;
! to .be- roused -up lo  'receive -  .in. "lin-
ordtnarj'-'.miiggbt' was "served up ,as
;i\i.'altei;nati"vi?.; .'.,;'���.- '��� .... .---. ;~- X ���
. '310 Luriic.d a' shabby grc.eii. and be-;
gan-.to.sViuiiii.7-'Tiie chameleon is tlie
. Canadian . Productsf,
People who/jntemiiu 'yoiii''sto'iV to.l world's,--most.'- gifted;; squiriter.-."His
in:-excelk'hi hcalili"..- .
."I -
���wolcome "sisil.tir, .in order .to avoid
wlioni' you have -been- pretending to -be
asloeji.' - - - ��� '' -' --"-';-. .;
: "Fleas,;ire very detestable,"���'especially when -Ihey gel under your; clo.lliiiig
;uii! .jninjs iiboinf '   * --'.,    ��� " ".���    "" "-
eyes ; work .'fiuito' .imlopendently -of
each tu.lier:.-'One cyb may be" 'seen
riveted - 011.-- tlio'. ceiling -while tlie
o't lier. idly, swivels -round -like the'sec-;
on'd.hand'or :i-watcli. going the,.wrong
way.;""' ';,- ' :- --'" 7''���'.'"-' ".'���-'������
- -_Tbon tlie " goldeii :'-.co'cki'oaclic8f-"'ar-
MsrKet in. Orient: for Lii.Tiber,--Wheat.'
.'"."' ���-. ���".-; Flour'.and! Fruit   '.-
Aii .ir.ipprtam -markof. .-for" ^auadian-..'
lumber,'-' wlfeat iiu-1 -flour .itn'd . fruit;isf '
���being developed in.the Far;.Kast,-a'c-_.
"cording Lo'Mr.fA.-1 Drp^dt^-tlrieniar .-
manager) of' the ; Canadian '.National,','
��� Railways, .--.wlio arrived.- "i ti;'- Motit'rea 1; ���
froin HpngKongoubusiness; '���_.-.���, ���.,';.
.".'-'-'Large ipiantiiies .bi!,'.-Brilish'    Col-..-
YivotV '"."lie', unpacked"hhV'eiastrc ton- Wibiii;fir'-'iirc-being used' in Cliiua "for  ,
gu_e- ivil iV its' sticj;y-:tip;'."arid" slashed, the" couslruciibn'bt .railwaysV.whaCves
it out for a-.full; six.inches." -The first'
eoekroach.vanished, ''-iii tonfiniputes
-J. '.iiiS'jcL,s.;went. tire 'same "way.- " ���' -;
'��� Thai: was "hcrirty" l'oi--.a.-cbamoleon'
in-ia -ilecliiief ;and 110 .furtlier bulletins
we're issued..���������-"'.. '   -"_���--     -
1
ptiiilie, through a'dvcrii.-Iirg sjiii-ce-. in-
Hi-'. nexv-sjta[)L;rs,. whether -fnor--' buni-
ne��s ���Is'-dV'.iired or hot'.'" ������. ��� ���   -  .-_,   -;,-,
..   MontaVva   Fighting : Hopper  pest   .
"- Tin? grasshopper danger' ih .-Alberia
is  -.reported   10 be" decreasing.',   The
slat-fof Montana is   -ftumittedly'Vihi-'
.wood," pa per. and"' 1 ila:_lei',.7'
.'flOft .bills.. !-.lie reported  Jjis. find'ip
ih<; nianagenion!.'but"" then; f was'"fnoJ.
eliiirnbr  then.; XI ho  owner: <;am>'.  \of,
1 ���
i iii lhe,'palac<.' hall.
War. Scarred Horse V
In Armistice Parade
First Over Hindenburg .Line" and .Was
-' Wounded Twice: .    .,'-���- ..   .
Allegiance to the  Flag
U.S.
Value of.Settlers' Effects
Conscientious .Objectors   in ��� the
'..Who   Refuse, .to  Salute, the.:
''"���  "'.���'���  ' '   '���'''.'.     ptaa "���-' "--'��� -"-:-.-'     ;
"It inusi; be confeijscd tliiit it.is. dif
- -one of the police oilicers - on. duty | ,i(,y!1- U) Vvmpathize'".with.-.those "con-1 houiv is- used .-in tlio manufacture. Vii:
in.Traialgar-Snuare during the recent j ^(.ien'tious- '.'objectors'',;" in .Kansas Aviio1-pastry and" native dishes.','.    -V   "-' . V
aiid work ".of; a similar-type, and- mon?.
wil)   lie. required-when   the. political":
condition   of- tlio " country . -becomes-"..
Stable," said' i\l r.. Bros tod tf.-> ' . '., ' .' 7 .
'.-'���tfanadian '. wheat ".hi' .compcang--.
: successfully. -:w'iih"." .the. Mitnclmrian-- -
''growff wjioai" aiid'', is being - carried ,.'
; ia'hirgcr'qiian'tilic'si<).Oriental ports by-".--..
'..the..f'anndia-h-' 'OoveruuK'nt- .-Merchant.,..;
j Marino.-- There; is also-;a; big .demand" - ���'-.
! for Canadian miil'cd-.-fJqur iii spit-Voi'- ':
(the. fact that'.-th'e'Clii'uese'-niai'ntain'a - "
! large . number of nsiti.yo' iti tils.   .' Tlils /
,,-:]!iU .whh.'t.;i'e.'illy h:i|-.i-;e.n<'d ivh.-ii't.li.e i-Town.lat'T and.-lp-jird about the'-man's ?    'itroiigh tho nuniber .of iiniiiigranis i
Armistice liay ceremonies wasfmonni-!
\ eiirthfiiiiik-; ca"iii!_?7"=On tlie .whole, (ho
'big', buildings-- oi7-si-.-'-:l itnd coiici'-'t^
('���auie- through -i ho" ord-':il witii;very lit:
flle-f -d alii age..- ' They' .litostl.V ..' proved,
i'jircjiroof.aiid I'arOt'iuaki-proof, "and- in
- nVany-'.'.'L ihc";n" '.'.biishiess/iis i!.-.uar'".was.
I able "ro  proc'cd,- whiLe'all around; in
honesty/..   II.-. not oiily.p.-r'mitted him j 10 "Canad.'i. this, year is  iuuch.'largei
tofkeep   tlM.
money, but .sent "bini an   ihuji-'la'st They a re "noi. bringing:. with
additional. $ltV> -and ,is ^iing-io.give ��� iij.^iVt ^ much .in effects..     Th
liim-iifpiwii ion as night wafchmOii >""-:* I s"i 1 ��s'"" i 11  Keptemb.'iv. wcro Mil' per;eeiii.
I'hiliub'lphia f:jetory7-; '.,"; ,'   .   -  "-'1 ov.-r-those'-for the  saiiie  niont h  last.
"breeding.grotnid   o)   ihe-' hopi>.-r- 'yn-M
��� -���.-"' .-'.. :-...     . ,     ; -. . ...-."-.-    ! di.-.tiicis-given ui'-Jo tin- old stv).- of
and until it is el.-asind up n-ig.hbonng . -    --- ���       ������        .������ - ���     ��� .   ���"'.   --���
- .  ; .....     ,,    ,-,.    .-     .��� .-       ���;���'.Japanese :b-uildi_ti!.' .disas.er   and-, ruin
states tind the ( anridiarr prain-'s- will .-��� ���-'. .--.-������;
���',. ���'..--.     ,   . . ,,     �����' ���'    '��� n'-icnod;..  - ���- , .
mil lj���� s��t��'"iroiii invasion,     llow-.-ver,;- , -'
��� X'   --���'"'���'��� y ��� "1- ���    '      1       .       ".'    i'"'" u"'-u" cm-".-.'ol   J'-olvio a-nd-Y(��k'��t-'
;.%iontan:i. officials are now.planning--! . .     .    -    -    .
. -      -���'.-...    "-'"    ...   ���  -    haunt that ar-.- to n.>.<   on ��� he ruins of
- campaign-o. extermination.���.-.���- -���'--.���.- ��� ���-     , , ..       . - ������
,   ���-  .-. 7   ��� . ;-.   -'."--"  i"i-   old    will.-   iherelore. hai;>.- many
.  ,7-'-',.7'Appropriate; .Indeed
..'V .The' SpeeiaJ-- preacher  was .-asked   if.
he-would, like any particular fh) m'ji -to
lie sung ii'r-":iL'i'ee witij his'seniion.
! ed .on-;t.' hoi'se"-'that-had. beeii'.on active,
"service throughout (lie t.reat" Wsir and
was as w:\"-scarred -its :iiiy ex-si-rvle--
vlln\" I in;\n in the��;f'owd.';- "  . .   -'.-.' - ,
���' Thv- horse, .'he iuspe-eior _>aid,'hiul
... come'ovi'r from Indiaf'a't -the ' Tiegin-
^,ir��� but"lh-:vahi:;.of;rheirvii:.cIs was , -^ ,,���..-_ ^ y^r^nd fimshe.r-np in
#l,tiT.t}.i")t). less.
J-\ir' ihe" six  inonihs ;
'"i
���.���n(iing:s<;pl.eiiil>..r this;. ��� value  of si-i
ih'-rs' effects,tliiit came in-wiis ^IlfS'ijf.,-
' r��22, or-6ver:.$4tjttVi0tJ.be}ijw Iliatfor-The
���Julogue. ..'..llo whs.".wouuded twice and
was',.'the fir&.t..- horse ov.-r- thO.IIin'dcn-
refuse to h,t. their"children in'school
salute 1 he- America 11. ilag; and join in
tlie-pledge of allegiance 1.0 it. .Their
action impresses oiie as altogether 'illogical and'grossly "ungrateful ft o;i)oot.
���   The-ihgrat'Hude'o't these "coiieclcn-
\X 'Tiie  salesvotuu- .established, by-.tlie ;
' Canadian ' Covcrnmeut-;' iu.v'Shangliai,"��� .
Mr. Bi'ostetlt "soys," is doing.miieh _.<__
ikuis. objectors." is~seeiv in ; tin?   fact
j burg-line. . -.Tne young.- oiHcer.."who jigj0uS- liberty, and seekingfam'asyli
pr.ouioie /Cniiad'iiin -trade.        '    --    -
- . -Long Life,Rules '"'.'-.;'; ���
ntili-=;"-for long living are very .i'n.t--r-
(hat '.they-:or   iheir .fathers came to j esting to .confempliiie, but, jno,-t \i,v.,<
Thln-cotuiiry'as refugees, ilceihg frci'm.Lple'.prefer ..conleniplatinjc" flliouv   at   a-
gov:erhhient-fwhich refused "tli'cm re- .distance. -   There-are othci;'. delights'
itnd-'.co'nccrnV.tJiaf-go to inaJie
full
-X--XX Short Course In Irrigation
7-.A7   short      coiirsi'      in     ii.Tifiii.ion
"at -t\i6 Letlibridiiv ���Kxjieiifiiental l-'arni. -
: ai Lethbridge, has b'-'!n arr;urg��;d for
by the Provincial .Dojitsri 111- nl ->f  \gri-i
hir'se :!'- ii<>'.onti'-eie building.-:.
.euiitjre   in   fH/;iip^ratioit   vjt):
-piirtrrent or'tl;.- hit-riov..  -
tlo-  Do
��� ,i.   1V1-..sil   ��.f.   ii'oi.ii'-ji.l   ;.-i.
:i   !;,-!.-
|..-..-!l,f
���jug up in Crviiland.    .-'���:
'Wing
thai ]
��_aco  liiTi.' was :i w;irtn.
I'.'in.:,''-
-u.'l |
'.ropi-ni Vsi-'arinu lis���r*-.
i
���flRieilir^riijIfiv ���
���;ii^li|^il^iifSlSri|y|
XW-  ���& '..^-V-i*
":'���-'. XyxXy Qiiite Likely . ...    '
\ ''���;i<-'ii'.i;o'.\;!:'.!linili'i.'.-a Hii.-.-. n't boys,
iu )ii:-i.oi'y.-h.ok-'-d .V-oiie.:'.';���_'��� I ;,ind said:.:
"Yoii'm': heard- o:  l>r:ik<'-'.'" ""'' yZr-Xi
- ."Vf;;, .sir." ��� ...f   -. ��� V    .��� .'X-XXXX��� "
"Wiuir do ;oij .liiiuk i.>;.-r|,��' w-'Stl-i li>
���io.i.f__-' ii "le- w��-r._- iijj'.-.-'.i.oiIay ?"
; Tio. l-oy'; ihouglu !i..r a nioni.-ni,
'"Lhiu- .-on--'cj 1 ���, ';uld .���.-^v?,i'p<'n'.'i''ii..",iii.-
M-p!.i-"df f-V-/V,'V-7--- )x'yXx: ';"���" f
- -"Seilsl'Shetlar.d P.onie<_7 ' '.'���-'
,1- -A iif-rd".-(.?;' '.'.[>{>.-Sly land '"j.onjs-s. j-
"i m;:ini;iiii<;d on a iarii'1 n<-a.r ('.���iiga-ry-b;.-
7 M.r.-'.. f..I:ivlng.-,!on: Wlio s> i.ts'T.erhaps
| :���'.���'���;''>'.< wonli inT rVHingls-'A.f?.rfV,:_.She
���j''nupt's .doc'ors-on: fidinsr for cli.ii>ir*--n.
".] T!K-?��' holding". tl_& r fur ���'���T'-.-.-'fri-oTi-ing
X-'rMiil,.. ,it '.-"is"'-}.''' li^n.t. /������jueri^-ncting
������[iiiaBy, j ou ��� U'. n I f: f.r>m pi.', in.'.- - :. j?i ry inc
Vf'hSfii'rfib'-W - --XXX'-X-XXyXX-X-]-.'
" "Nij,V- he repii-id,; zynV-fnct %'isV r|-'S.'''��V.rio.l-la��t-v,'-ip ""'On ilie other \���y*" 1,5nV'. ^s '^"V* Just.afUu;-hi3 j^ere they-wpuld be, fi^eef W^;d����p .lifo-besidc-tli<y.delights'of living to. ��
t-��.W����r iVnov.- ivfrni, ra*,-i.B.,.i,t> i��-Va.v}i,ah.l-iis'V��iK��:--iii���;.: ninn-iifra"^"!.:-!.! l,..on>'Il,,rT T*" .^ou��dcf aw   ll3:f,f ^ \.^ a^-Hieyidea^,   " They hav, for   lumdred-and the.' perpetual. conCei'r,;
umill .irrhWu -U-e i,ulph ;'- ''������'..     i L-V^V in��1,,t'-m'" iM , regularly visit ihe horse's stable withj jlil]f -., coniliry enjoyed that asylum and (about    the -stale   of your nrt-rirs.-
'' "-:\Vofl '"i!i"("li-iVcilse-' i-ii.lihe vic-ir'l ' *"     ' _���'_*'  _'���'-   '-' " |.p-l',-'s'lnli? ^a^WK^swp^^V V-f;'.. ' that .liberiy,; and;.uow:-(-hey..reiuse to'Cape Argus.   -'.     ;."   f. -,., -.7" ,-/'���.
we had bet^r hu\V i\v livihn,  for {',':" =''V X'^'u^^Xy.): .yyXV^y^ "-"-^ y~���^-��� ". '���',  y ,   y
���ho,.-:,. $..-i_W..Ti..UiH-<^^^ Fori  : A.; womatr: always.,ehcyes^n
  t'
���   ..--..population,, of   Saska.ch.-wan ,     ��v .,iid try if once, bull n��und, that ]     The prohibition ofiicers   had   .com-,
l;.rii.>>?c*tf_A 7-S3,oU?, according to the, ^^.j p���t tll<> baI, <vh,:rt. r eould see   U) ,he aoot ai ^0^ jachson's house!
report or the -dir..-<:_ioi- ot  \ha! siiiii'-'it l" could not reach if; and.v.licn I put
lic.^Jh- tho ITo-uneiai Oovernmenr. rfn.'it where I could reach i'_ 1 <-on.l.]. not
iiicreas-- of ZTJi'ji) .-ince ih��; census ol 'f-ec -it."���Golfing.
J!<"i 'aiul a fuTc-rit.aee incroase of :j.6?��.
!
���..'   -; :    v     " i~"~r7r     .        '! -��� ,J"^C c*_t>' ��- Calgiiry, Alberts, is .-idd.
",-���:*' f    .  A Scientific Triumph. : 10--have- niorc telephones in j>roporiio3
: - .V^ei'entist has estimiittd that a beo 1 to population than any other coniir.un-
h.is lit .Ji'iakf������'2,0,.K.',��n��'�� visits.to a /{o'we-r :ity on the-American.continent,
iof" iiiak's./h'.; pouu-1. of honey,     Tliisj ���������'��� ��������i���. -__-,..,������,.__���^
'.-.���-enis.fo answer very ssftisTacrorily the j
f.u'estion. liow dot-li    the   Jiith>   btz-=y |
bt';-<-?--rr..ou!_..%ilie Couii*'r<JourEaK'
"���"= 1
..-���A.-'wiy. biftn k.now.-s"-. ?hc'--valiif- o-!
-i'~r_t7 .y-h<-r_. a chiid begin.* to or*��=_. j
. \r-rr.ir'<-'iiirj.'""-'.v-'::-' " .-."   -t
Jg%Mi
/bsyWs EYES;
"Refreshes Tired Eyes
'lX*r:��>ijafi-(.C._-,0.'i.-igoriferErECft��B-=c&
Growing Corn Fgrtber'North .     Justice may--be. blind,'���  but,' she'   1"
Coi'it will, never drive wheat out of 1 able to jtjdgc a- man by his eoriv..r.<=a-
on.   the   (juest of an .illicit, still. _  -The] thc  Canadian Northwest-      But each.; tion.
door was "opened by Mose's youngest   and every year will pec i; marching
boy,   a   pickaninny   about T ycai'E of -; farther toward Polaris' and   enabling
age, j wheat,   the   -pioneer   crop,   as   -van-
"U'e'r? .prohibition" oilicers,. son,"' guard of tlie march -.of   empire,    io
said one of tiie men, ."'and wo^re come: carry   the   banners   of   Anglo-Saxon
jto  search  your . fatlier's ��� house -for  race in tiie only direction it may expand,-, now-. that   there   is no west.
Some'day thcy. will be-raising ensilage
corn. on. latitude t-ixty ���north.; ' And j
that day should sec.Canada the great- j.
es't-qf-.the nations of th.-.'..w.pr]d.f-j^or-;
Gef;,Clii.':p Star."'-,.V'.-'..-'; V- .V-V-"~
i liquor."   " 7'f. - .'-. X '���:'-. '  "-"'��� ���  ���'.''
j; .."yoii." won't'.find'; no lickah-iieah,
j boss,".said the "poy.���'..���"\Vhy7" we   jes'
put   the   mash-to soak'las', night;'"-7-
1 Ev'erj-body's/
Many.fa. pop^-.inan:.-.might'. acaiJre
����iaiih " by.'-'iStiHzIng-- the':, time' -.he
���srastfr? hi "berapaslng hfs^porerty^. .-'
H-OAR'SEf,
Gargle several times 0 day with Minard's .in water. ,   It cu?s the fungus
-arid gives relief.       . , -
Every.- dollar' 'spent, fla .your'kobe'
j.to-wrVi? a ^ boojt ��� far,;thfi roinmsriKyV
�����i-<j
,/
ti:
��� 7t��-
1l
.J!
-w
Mi
i._r "-?-"���
^0yy0y^;x^^^^^^^m
/
f iyXxyxX xxX-zyX:iXf>XfX$Xt
' ':���>'��:.
*V:_8s?l
TI
1E     LEDOE.��� W_;KJVE.N\VGOD.
li.     0.
=s
sonally Directin
s On
El Paso,- Texas.--l)t'esideiii. Alvaro
Obregon is on the' firing line personally directing the'troops who,- under
Generals Amarillas and Amaro, are
marching on Gaudahijara, according to
a telegram deceived by the Mexican
consul-general al El Paso from Mexico
City.    7 ���"( "'
Aroused by . lhe example of the
executive, thousands of laborers have
evacuated Vera Cruz for Mexico City
lo obtain arms with whicli to assist in
the movement. Textile workers re.
leased from Mexico City factories,
have, meanwhile, received amis and
equipment, and left I lie forces'under
Gen...-"Sanchez.
.(.Jen. Sanchez.. .
- At Teziutlan tlie major in command
o        .-       "        '��� _
of the garrison tried to turn his forces
over to the Adollistas, ..but his'-command' refused-to.obey orders, and the
.town is still loyal jto tho Obregon government.
While reports show that all military chiefs invited by Do La Huerta
lo join his forces have pledged their
loyalty to . tho government^ it:has
been confirmed that many desertions
are occurring in Uie Estrada ' ranks
at Jalisco:;. At the capital little credit
is given newsvfrom the revolutionary
forces^     '. '
Working.classes in Mexico City are
indignant over the death of the president of thc labor syndicate al. Vera
Cruz and are rallying to the colors, as
the rebels aro'blamed .for his death.
Premier of Australia .
Will Go To Ottawa!
WESTERN EDITORS
SHOULD DEVOTE ATT
IS
CATINGRUST
������Ottawa-���The incalculable...value to
the world off scientific research was
emphasized hero by -Dr.1 II. M. Tory,
president ot the- Tniversity of Alberta, and chairman of tho Canadian
Councillor Scientific and -Industrial
Research, in an address io ihc Canadian Club here.
lie stressed the importance of the
work of -Michael Farraday, who discovered the principle of ihe electric
dynamo. Today, said Dr. Tory, there
was ten billion dollars invested in
English-speaking countries in electrical contrivances whicli make life
better and easier.
Coming down to the pi essoin day,
Dr. Tory stated that in 191G there
weie 100,000,000 bushels of wheat in
Western Canada spoiled by rust.vAnd,
he continued, today there was one'
mail iu Canada devoting part of his
time to the subject. He believed that
a group of experts should be devoting
all their time to discovering, the
means of eradicating this trouble.
The discovery of Marquis wheat
had been of immense value to North.
America, said Dr. Tory.    ;
Canada Tnves it to herself to provide her universities with ' the finest
facilities for scientific work which the
world, can show. It' research work
was given fret;' scope in" Canada for
20 years, he claimed in less than 20
years its finding would have a value
more thaii the equivalent off the na-
tionaldebt. X     '   v
Ottawa.���premier jjruce of Australia, has cabled here that ho will
arrive in Ottawa on January 'Al
and leave February ;�� _ lie is to
sail from Vancouver onyFeb. il.
It is inlimateiLbllicially that tlie
coming of the Australian premier
to Ottawa is'specifically to discuss
,with the Government--, arraiige-
.-.merits i'or a reciprocal preferential
treaty. Last,- winter. Hon. .1. A.
Kobb visited Australia with 'thai
end in view, but owing to.domes/
iic,political conditions in Austra-
Jia little ea,nio - of. the mission.
The outlook new is considered to
be more: favorable, particularly in-
view of the rejection' by Great.
P.ritain of the wider imperial pro-.
feronl.ial.idea. ' ��� ������:
Greater Menace Than War
  ��� <��� y
Appalling   Wastage   of   Life   Throimh
Tuberculosis   Says   Winnipeg
Doctor
Montreal.���"While 50,000 Canadian/.,
died overseas during the war 50,000
Canadians died uselessly aud needlessly of tuberculosis at home and no
armistice or treaty has put an end to
that, wastage- of life. Tuberculosis,
like war, kills at tho prima of life
those who are bearing the burden and
heat of the day, those upon; whom civic
and business and,industrial and family responsibility-rest.""""     V
The above was the- declaration of
Dr. D. A. Stewart, of Winnipeg, in an
address b'eiorc tho -Rotary. Club, here.
in. Montreal,.: he said, one -��� thousand
persons tiie everyjyear.from tuberculosis, while in the province of .Quebeoi
the death rate from this disease is
over' 8,000 yearly. In; Quebec also
every town- of 5,000 people.oloses six.
of its citizens each year, the death
rate':.being 120 per 100,000. In'..Saskatchewan, the speaker stated, tlie
death ������ rate is- -43,' and in Ontario 'under
70:'w    n -: ��� ���' ' '   ��� -������
Thomas Miller, Editor and Managing
(Director ot Tlie Daily  Times.  Moose
Jaw, Sask.
Canada's Need' Is A
Strong National Spirit
Vancouver.���Ureal, cr, population,
lower transport alien costs, development of a strong national spirit
in Canada, ami realization in i.he
hearts ami minds of individuals of
tile necessity for public economy���
these are' the necessities which
Hon. T. A, Crerar sees essential
to success and prosperity in Canada. Speaking before lho Canadian Club here, lie dealt with outstanding problems of Canada.
While he did not. "talk' shop,"
barely mentioning thc United
Grain 'Growers, of which lie is
head, and/i.he business which has ,
..brought liim, with other oilicers
of the'company,' to Vancouver to
- look into the possibilities of placing terminal elevator facilities in
this port,..ho slated in definite
lerips his,belief of tlie greatness
of Vancouver as a grain port, and"
Oj IJrilisli Columbia generally.
F; 0. Approve Of
Total Prohibition J^or
Whole Of Dominion
The Prince As a Farmer
-o
IT-
ti
tf
Mil
ill
i.
\?
i._r
WILL WAIT FOR
A SOLUTION OF
POLITICAL CRISIS
Loiidon.--TlK! Solution of tho existing complex- political crisis has gone
over until January, with the government's decision to nice' parliament
when it leassombles.- Thc only
development was thai, the Labor
party, hy the oflicial announcement
of its various executives, placed on
record ils readiness io take ollice
whenever called upon."  ' '
That the present government has
uo real hope of being able to retain
oflice for any length of time is seen
in its decision to do nothing either to
replace or io iiud seats ior the seven
ministers defeated in the recent elections. The breathing space alforded
by tho government's decision lo meet
parliament is probably welcome to all
three parties, as permitting opportnn-
��� ity for consideration and to take bearings without the necessity of'commit-
ling themselves lo immediate action,
^Though the "leaders of all parties
repudiate any intention to seek any
coalition, there will doubtless be attempts in the interim,.upon tlie pan
of the ministerialists, io secure a sort
of benevolent' neutrality on the" pari
of the Liberals towards the Conserva
live administration, and as tho Liberals "are. almost as anxious as-tlte Con?
Sicrvatives io keep-the Laboritcs ^pttt
of ollice, it would n,oi be surprising to
see sonic unofficial understanding of
this kind arranged, especially as there
ls a general desire to avoid another
general'election" in the near future.
In -the meantime, however, the
.Labor parly is taking no chances,
and lias instructed "its electoral organization fo prepare . for any emergency in any moment,:
Aftertax Pool Making
ress
Troubles With Elevator Companies
Are Being Gradually Eliminated'
Regina.���More than one thousand
carloads ol wheat are being .handled
by the Alberta Co-operative Wheat
Producers' Limited, and the business
of the pool is progressing satisfactorily, according to information receiv-"
od by George W. Robertson, secretary
of the Saskatchewan Wheat Producers'
Limited.
"The Troubles o'f the Alboua
with' the elevator companies
gradually . being smoothed but,''
Mr. Robertson, "and at present
Alberta authorities have practically
t all the larger elevator companies
working under agreement with them
and practically every elevator point
iu (he province Js covered by at least
one, pool elevator. . In the case of
points not covered the contractors to
.the pool are mostly within hauling
distance of somc other point, where
thero i.s a pool elevator.
pool
are
said
, the
��
Less  Unemployment  In   Britain
London.���Tho unemploymenl situation has  becn  steadily, improving in
recent weeks.     Lust week it decrease
"ed -4,000 and novr ilie total number of
unemployed is U05.OOO.
Tribute to Lord Shaughnessy
His   personal* Integrity   One   of'the
Reasons for His Great Personal
Influence
London*���Most of.the papers in this
country havc given lengthy "obituaries
of Lord Shaughnessy, and iu every
Q_y_o_lho obituary has _becn_entirely
appreciative. Thc Daily Telegraph's
article on the passing of Lord Shaugti-
nessy, written by T. P. O'Connor, "the
father of the British House of Commons," is three'columns in length.' ,
"It is true hc had groat wealth,'-'
O'Connor's article concludes, "but
it was" small to what he_ might have
made if wealth had been the sole
interest, of his life. It was a favorite remark of his- thai he objected
io' men accumulating too large for-
1 unes. His perfect integrity was one
of ihc many reasons for the enormous personal' influence he exercised, lie had warm friendships,
though he was too strong,-too proud,
too sincere a,man to be effusive."
jl I
I
Enlargement of Markets
Best" Means Now Open
For Western Development
f
���i      '
i
a
*\U toria, JL>C~-.\ country Mil how
problems -was one not worth living in,
and'for airtke problems of .Wtati-rii
Canada there were vigor, hojie and
jomh abundantly available for iheir
solution, -aid <_. IL llut ion in Ins ad
dress to the delegates of 'he AYe.-tcrn
Canada Lhe.-tor.k Union.
"In reviewing- tor a moment tiie ag-
ricullurai condition oi tli" west thi.--
,.ear il was unfortunate thai we do not
find the picture wholly picking. Large
crop? of straw in Manitoba and fc'outh-
ian Saskatchewan gave promise of .-5
large yield of grain, but there was
much rust. The oilier western provinces gave a good account of themselves jn the mallei 01 both fodder
���Tops and grain, wliich were of the
usual high fjualiiy. But even" now
wIipm good crops have b�� c-n fallen ofl!
the net returns are relatively small,
owing to high eoct of operation, ��.-s-
j��6ci?ilj ihx high co.<i oi labor during
tiie I-st S'a-f>n_^_-Thf ��ituntfon in thi-*
respect is ��erious apW no''solution to
the j_r(;blem is apparent at present.
"Tliere' are. however, some favorable aspects of lhe situation.'
"The _enl;trgei!_ent of our markets
M'"in to be the only Ctventi" open fin
]>re-em development in that costs of
production, as far as labor is concerned, appear 10 be incapable of further reduction. Thero arc other
cost.- <��f jvdiicMon whicli may permit
of being rcduc d and (o this tnd �����"
are. justifi* d in giving the utmost attention.
"The outlook, io mv mind, is 'far
lrom discouraging.- We have large
problems but no country, peopled so
spars dy as Western Canada, though
with a ���vigorous imputation endeavoring to cultivate large areas of land
per individual unit in,s_o~lior5 a time,
could be without pioLI��m��. A coun.
'ry without probl<-ms would produce
a pcoph- without purpo-i'. stamina or
for'1.--" - -<
Britain Fighting Cattle Disease
<_���.... ...,".. "^ -.
Twenty Counties Affected and Daily
- Loss is $350,000 '
���Loudon;���The slaughter of.animals
ou a wholesale scale because of fodt
and' mouth disease goes on .steadily
and animals to the value -)f ai least
JC 70,000 are being dispatched daily in
the effort' to stamp out the epidemic.
A statement 1o this effect, was inside
by Sir William Joynson-llicks, minister of health, in a speech. Although
20 counties arc affected tho worst centres are Shropshire and Cheshire, especially'lhc latter, where more than
20 new cases are dev doping daily,
"tints necessitating ihe virtual devastation of every farm In tiie country
where tliere h_ infection;
��� The ollicials of ihe minihtry are experiencing diiliculty in coping with the
situation whicli i.s threatening to desolate Cheshire. A special, cabinet committee has,been appointed t(%Ieal with
the scourge. -
U.S.-Is Buying More
Wheat From Canada
Large Increase Registered During
Past Three Months
Ottawa.���Exports of Canadian wheat
last month showed an increase over
those of November "of J!>22, bin less
wheat was shipped out of Canada for
the pasL throe months than during the'
similar period a ^earjigof For both
periods, however, a large increase was
registered in wheat bought by i.he
"United States. The United Stales
bought !i,0in,l-l�� bushels"of Canadian
wheat last monlh compared wiih
:!,S6C,17S -bushel's in November. 1922.
While there was not much difference
between the amount, of \vbe:u shipped
to the fiuted Kingdom last November,
compared with November it year ago,
exports for tho comparative throe-
months showed a falling off from s:
JliS.Gs-r.   to  6S,23::,S31  bushels.
New Elevator For Vancouver
*
,.4
*
Is Deservedly Most Popular Mart In
British  Empire
London.���In ��� a speech delivered at
ihe dinner ol: the. Farmers' Club nnd
the. jChambcr of Agriculture, the
Prince of Wales said: "You can look
upon me as a farmer ilns-ovoning���a.
farmer both at..home and in Canada.
I was very glad of the opportunity of
going over lo Canada and really learn-
| ing something about agriculture. Many
people who pass by fields of stock,
-for instance, have nd idea of the
hard work involved in raising them."
Tho Prince- expressed sympathy
wiih the Uritish farmers' troubles and
also admiration for the way they wore.
holding on. He was sure tiie agricultural industry would emerge triumphant from the present trouble. The
best British ftrmers had no equal in
lhe world.
Lord Uledisloe, "chairman, said the
.Prince was deservedly fhi) most
popular man in the British Empire.
When he was in Canada ihey heard of
Lord Itenfrew grooming horses, cleaning out cow stalls, itvashing down cattle, driving the binder and taking part,
in the every day' tasks of ihe agricul-.
tural worker because he wanted to
learn first-hand what the agricultural
worker"had to contend with, lie was
giving the country squire a splendid
lead in his conception of landowners
and farmers.
Toronto'.���The '.'declaration of principles" recently drafted by the Canadian Council of Agriculture was shepherded through the convention of tho
United Farmers' of Ontario"~here by
John W. Ward, secretary, but did not
escape a little revision.
'Among 'other things, the council /
had neglected tt^- include any clause
touching upon the temperance ques-
liou, so the' U.F.O. insisted -upon inserting one. It was to the effect
1hat they approved of the principle
of total prohibition for the Dominion.
' W. L. Smith contended that theio
could never be total prohibition in
Ontario until there was Dominion
prohibition. The convention agreed
with him, and changed the "principles" by inserting the clause.
Opposition to either an embargo
or export duty on pulp ' wood was
expressed in an adopted resolution:
Dominion-wide prohibition and' the
strict enforcement, at i.he Ontario
Temperance Act were urged; a tax
on gasoline,for motor cars was favored; and a recommendation made thai ���"
the provincial highways bc built and
maintained by the provincial government. ; '���      ���
Sockeyes Return
j To Fraser River
1 ���
J Fisheries Department Reports Enccur-    /
Carried Off Honors
At Livestock -Show
*?��������� '   "    '   ' '^r-. ' ''' *���*
���:��� May Tke Joyous Ckristmas Spirit  |
I Grip Every Heart       . /        %
L^        - _fl
fr��x��c��***��x��iX����>��x��'X��*ft'&��:����x^^
MUST PIN FAITH
ON LEAGUE SMS
HON. C P. GRAHAM
Toronto.���Canada will do vv oil to reaffirm her belief in the great organization of tho League of Nations for ironing out difficulties that, may arise or
now exist, and for the prevention of
bloodshed, declared Hon. George P.
.Graham; Minister of 'Railways and
Canals, at a complimentary banquet
tendered him here by the Liberals of
Ontario on his return from Europe,
where he sat as a delegate from Can"
ada in thc council of, the League of
Nations and the Imperial and Economic conferences in England.    ���
"Our friends in tlie United States,
do nor, ignore the League of Nations,
but. rather use it when it can he of advantage." said Mr. Graham," who instanced the "silting" in on the com-,
mitteo of Representative Porter of-the
tufted" States when the opium question was under discussion.
Discussing the results- of the overseas seitlemenc negotiations at the
Imperial Conference, Mr. Graham :->aid
that Canada could look for an inereas-
��;d flow; ,of desirable Uritish citizens
to" this countrj next year. Contrary
to the gene-nil view, he said  Canada
Moscow Pecides To
Boycott Switzerland
M.
Because   Alleged   Assassinator   of
Vorovsky Was Acquitted
Moscow.���The government has  de-/
cided outsteps to carry oui iho boycott against Switzerland   because   o)
The  acquitlal  of'the Swiss  engineer,
Maurice Conradi, charged wiih ilie as-
sussinalion of M. Vorovsky, the Soviet
1-epresei'iiaiiv.v-al   tin-   Peace   Conference.
" Soviet representatives abroad have
been instructed to grant no visas to
Swir-s citizens. Meanwhile the Russian authorities wilk investigate -the
whereabouts of SvvihS residing in Russia, with a view to their expulsion
-    aging Sign for Renewal of
Industry
Ottawa.���The  collection of over  11.
million sockeve salmon eggs this season in liiiri'.on Lake, B.C., is report-
Numerous   Premiums   For- Sas.katclie- j ��a hi' t!l0 federal department of mar-
wan   Exhibitors at Chicago and       j iUl- tul(1 fisheries.      All (he eggs were
Toronto " | taken in the vicinity of the Dominion
Itcgina.���"Siifeknichewaii ha.-. a:ood' Covernmont hatchery, aud the o.uau-
reahon 10 feel ehtied with her sue-Vity ban only been exceeded in Uie
0(^ses ai the Royal Agriculiurul |-;x-��� whole JIani.son Lake district three
position ai T0101110 and il)-> interna- J times bince J907. It is regarded by
'tional Show at Chicago," tleelan d jll10 department ;i?s a most encouraging
George ii. "William*, assihiani agricul- -":^n o1' lllc' rehabilitation of the sock-
iuialv'igeni   for  th.'  Canadian  1'acilic ! lT'' ii-dieo oi 1 he Fraser River.
Itnilway, on hih arrival in the ciiy.     !    ���	
"Many Itonoit, were carried off by
this jiroviiiv.' in ihe lace of exceedingly keen competition." he added.
"In both livei-lock and grain Saskatchewan exhibitors obtained mnmrous
preuiiunib     and     undoubtedly     much   Head<|u<.iters    Have    Been    in    Royal'
benefit will result as the.-o    uiirs   'at- Exchange 149 Years
traded   thousands    oj people, csj.evi-;     London.���IJoyd.s, the famous marine
i ally agvienliiiri..ts.
"An   interesting   le.nnre   id   the  international show at   Chicago was ilu- i li-s'change,    where,    its    headquarter.-'
auendancc of ;i,ttO��> bovs and girls j-e-jbavo been ior .140 years, and build it-
prcsenting   the   winners of boys and | self a new home at an estimated eo��i
girls club eompetition*    bold   in    lhe
Tarious    st;ites.       v Cajiacitv ' crowds
were_ present    throughout   ihe Show,
Thousands    of   people    lieinj;   mrned
away every dav."
"Lloyds" Decide To
Build New Home
1
, ana"    general   insurance" corporation,"
j has decided to remove from iljc lloyaf
of R_.00,000.
Thc company-hits secured an acre
ol iand in ihe heart of the busiest section of Lite city. - Lloyds had its origin in a '-mall coffee house about IfiSS.
absorbed a greater number of people
from the 13riii.lt Isl-s each yetathnn j oirv,Jjlch hu mu&l
Jury's Verdict In
Favor of Churchill
Former First Lord of Admiralty Wins
'     . 'Libel Suit
'Loudon.���Loid-Alfred Douglas, sou
ol-the laic Mar.jui,-. -of QneeiisburjV
was found guilty by a jury in Old
Bailey of criminal libel upon Winston
Spencer Churchill, former Kirst Lord
of the Admiralty, bv his publication of
the statement that Mr. Churchill issued" "it' false conimuniipie alter the
battle of Jutland for tJi<> purpose of influencing the stock markets."'
Lord   Alfred    was sentenced to sL\-, _ n     r^.ft>
! months-  in   prison.-at iho < xpiration j Mfty   DC   DlltlCUu
France May Penalize .
Non Voting Citizens
Substantial   Increase   In   Tax   Assess-J
ments Is Plan Proposed !
'Paris.���The government is considering ihe introduction of a bill obliging I
every   citizen   to   cast a vole.'   The f
number of abstainers grows at every .
election, giving an undue .tdvanlage to
candidates hacked by well organized
political machines, with   ihe    re��uh
ihiii duch men    generally    represent
only a small fraction of ihe electorate.
It is proposed, says the' Rcho do
1'aiis, to penalize those who are too
lazy or indifferent to vote by making
NEW PLAN FOR-
COLLECTIONS TO
HELP FARMERS
1  suhManiial  ini-re;
i nieiii...
ill     1i�� A     ,ISM'
find   a   surety   10 \
keep   tlie   pence,   parlictMarlv   toward I
and indications are that  she will ah-1 Mj.  clim.c,)1IK     Val���I1K ,��� ft,.d"Piireiv j
sorb during the present jear us m��ny | ,JO lliusl u���aergH .tm.ther >lx' months' I League
as any two other Dominions.
imprisonment.
"From    reports   that have cium- u> I
."...,.   ��      . �� -X        .   �� '        .Ins.'' said Mr. Graham, "thousands ol
Wilt   Be  of  Reinforced  Concrete  and I ,     .   .       .,,,-.       ,���   .    ���        .    I
people   who   JOtt   (.aiiiitla during the '
. Cost About $2,500,000
- Vancouver," B.C.���IMurned i'rom an
extensive trip to Kngland, where he.
went to raise additional capital for
the T#i'iiiln:il (train Company, Limited,
ol" which he is president, It. II. Gales
slated- thai  he succeeded  in comph-V
pasi  year or two to iind employme.n
in lhe I'nited .Stales are I'wlurniug.''
in (be matter of the Imperial prei. r-
encev Mr! (irnham sititl it was ihe
opinion of the Canadian deb-gaits
that each entity in'il(e Kmpire tthould
1 have    a    hole    rigid  to say what  its
mg arrangements lor the cimstnici ton , ,    .���.      ,, ,,  ,
', ,.    ' ������.   ,,, ��� .     ,.'._.        ,   own (anfl i>olicy .would he.      It   was
here   ot   a ^.O'lo.O'nl-bushel reinforced      ..      ,       '    .
,   - -     pointed  out  ihat   other  overseas  Do-
concreie  grain   elevatoiv  ui   cost   approximately ?2,30i\0v(|.        ' . I
Con&triicfion,  he  s;iid,  vv(>uld begin
ai .the earliest possible date, and  the
i plant will be rushed    to    completion,
if possible, hy lhe end of .May n.-M.
minions could much more readily
ihrow down "the    bars    against    im-
', portaiioii of manufactured goods and
n)achin��-rj- than could'Canada, placed
as ' she was' in ""it .position where a
largo trade between Canada.and ihe
[United Stairs was found profitable.
j     Touching on the Canadian National
! llailvvays, Mr. Graham said That i��f the
Infant Saved After Ekven Days
I , ISergamo,      Iialj.--A      hiihe.      four
mohihs old, viith sunken eves and too  ,���       ,. ... ,-   ,        ,
t ' ��� v     11 anadian public aceonled to the man-
Weak even 10 crv. wa.s found bv   i-vol-, ��� ., ...
1 >      , ' J ': genient of that enterprise lair ireai
diers in Sis  evad.le   (loating down  1T1*- ; ,,      , c  -,      ,��� .- -n   _���
' uu-iiT tin   dt ficir,* 01 operation will di5-
liveV Levi re.     The little \ictini of tlie
1 !\ppe;>r.
recon:   dam  di-aster    1 \ KUnily    had*	
b<\-n drifting about mi ihe river foi
eleven days without t'ood or drink.
Its jdnei;. d face fold plainlj <'f its .-uf
feline.
Italy Again  Facing  Flood
Home.���After    ;i    few days
WIninpeg.���That a jihtn should be
.devised wherebj mortgage companies,
banks aud loan companies, etc., would
make-demands on-fanner creditors for
fulfillment of obligations in the spring."
about March 1, instead of Xovemb'cr
1,, as ai present, was'a suggestion
made by-��_U. ii. 'MacKcnzio, Secro-
larj ol the United Farmers ot; Manitoba, when-giving evidence before"
the Km ,11 Cram Inquiry Commission
liere.
A system of ihe k'mil would lead to
two tilings, Mr. MacKenzie declared.
It would lead 10 a more orderly marketing of KrAa and eliminate dumping
10 a gieat extern, and would probably
have the effect of stabilizing prices.
' It would also enable the fanner 10 do
I I'ari*.- -Volitical eon.-.idei'aiion^ an-! a great deal more dualling of grain
] likclv   10 make ihe financial-1 eh..bili [than he could do at  the-pres_eni, und
more .-.creeisiugs would bo retained in
ft
To Finance Hungary
1
of       Nations      Considering
Problem of Rehabilitation
oi_ .Mm- j tation of Hungary it more difficult task
shine   and   lift'..'     wcath. r("/' inrreittiiil' than  the Austrian problem, according ; 'he coiinirj, which   would be a  great
rains are aetiin ilooding the country,
and .-tonus are cap-dzing maiij" small
vessels;  especially  oil*  ihe  .diores  of  the League 01 Nation.-, whirl, met n-
Sardinia. Light earth shocks imli-'
caie thai iv'tiii'i", ha.-; peiieir;tted in 10
ilie^ craters of volcanoes :in<. into ilu-
erevic.-. of volcanic rocks.
(o the discu-sion 01 the subject bv  ihe'
.special  coiniidiiee  nt   the' Council  ol
I
ct ntly.      The J'mancial <'on-ider:uion:
iire   "s-inijilfr.     because    lhe     ).ln,iv.��Me.
loati will be smalle*-   and    llmisrarj':
I), noi     titan     tli.w
a.-.-et^
:ii 1
oi
Find Polar Weather Sad
Avalon. Santa Calalina Island.���
Weather in "the Volar region is bad,
with high winds, and heavy ice, according to ii radio message received
here from the MaeMitlan exploration
ship Howdoin,'11 degrees from ihe
Pole. Condition:, are interfering with
the Uowdoin wireless eomninirieari.ui.
the message .said.
Austria,
Indians. Plead in"Full Reg.iiia
T'aris ��� A dt legation of IB Arapaho
Indians iiom W>oming, clad in lull regalia, arrived in l'tiris. Thev intend
to ask lhe League tit Nation* to inicr-,
veiie* wiih the United  Plaies (;<ivern-
tactor iu stimulating mixed fanning
Mr. MiiclC-nzie declared it was a eroai
in.ju-.tice iu the farmer to fprce him to
meet iinaiici-il oblig'ttions early in No-
Vemlti'I.
The secret;.rv of the 1 ,K,M ��poke
in .-.upper! , 01 hiiggeslions he madn.
hefoie the commisfcioc at, llrandon
for etfecjing improvements iti the
weighing, inspecting aud jiiarkoting
of grain. Speaking of the special
charges, mado for special binning.
Mr. -MacKenzie asserted they were
not high enough, and in losing money
in   1 his jespect   the operators  of ihe
ment so that the Jixlh.ns may have j country elevators took it out of tho
the same rights and privih-g. .s ;i.- nilur farmers who ��ohl on ilu
oihn Unit.'d Si.'Ues cii:/.i lis. V'smoi,"'
Austria Increases Rates
Vii una.���The government   has
i��ui
into effect an increase ot" lo0 per Cent
I
I      Trying  to  Fund   France's   Debt
War-hington, D.C.���Ev.ry possible
1 effort will be made by (hi United
States war debt commission to procure-
funding of France's debt to this gov-
ernment. Secretary',"""!* the Trta=ury
Mellon d�� eh'.rtd in a lertei to Senator Borah, Idaho.
r
in telephone rates, an increase of -10
per ccftt. in dom��-_��iic firsi-elass postal
ratfs and Jit per citu. in ���.i,cond-cl.is<
' mail raifs.
Japs Land Marines
TVkin. ���Xor'bem army  troop-- have
reached tli-= out.-kirts of Chung King,
. J Pzcchueii oiov ince. anil Japanc-e mar- J
|ine.--  have l,.-(-v hind'-tl  ihn��- to pro
\Y.    N.
JntC
i
tec. ihe '"or. ign r> :i<ler.ts.
fi THE    LEDGE,    GREENWOOD,    BRITISH    COLUMBIA.
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance,
G. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
-^ year, for the sumof ��300,000.
J- rT.EL J���.JiLLJvJiJ--' I Attorney-General Manson in.
Is .$2.00 a year strictly in advance, o: formed the House that last year
$2.50 when not paid for three  months or j General   McRae   had   paid   $18.70
iiucorae tax in this  province, while
j spending $25,000 a year to keep
up    his    home    in   Shaughnessy
Heights, Vancouver.
The royal commission will Com*
mence its sittings early in the year
and the prediction of your correspondent is that a cloud of suspicion, which has hung unfairly
over the heads of government m.em-
borp, will be permanently lifted
and that in future in this province
the elected representatives of the
people will be able to carry out the
wishes of their constituents "without the constant persecution 0f
ambitious exploitere, who seek all
for themselves but nothing for khe
man who bears the burden of taxation aud who is the backbone of
the great Pacific Province.
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Coal and Oil Notices ��� 7.00
Sstray Notices 3-00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears In notice, $5.00 for each additional claim.)
All other legal 'advertising, 12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
each subsequent insertion, nonpariel
measurement.
Transcieut display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals I2j^c. a line each in-
eertion.
' ���     ���'���
os=
The blue cr��ss means that
your subscription is due, and
that the editor would be pleased
to'lmve more money.
Protect the Lawn in Winter
A Merry, Merry, Christmas
The festive season of the year ie
now here, and we expect everyone
to be happy. At this season there
are undoubtedly some in each com
munity where a little help would
make their home brighter and themselves happier. Why not achieve
this desirable result by setting
upon Borne line of community work
for the Christmas season. For
example, Beeing to it that widow?
are not in need of anything; that
children are fully supplied with
Christmas cheer; and that disabled
husbands have a little kindly
asistance.
It is poeslble to do kindly deeds,
not dream them all day long.    Unfortunately,  society   today  is  fre
quently given to "talking" instead
. of action;-.bu't actions', after-all,- an
-tlie, creators- of.-deeds -that' make
.-���; life'"worth';' while. \-As .individuals-:
:. . and ;tis, members .-.of - a -eomintinity
W\ve. ebo^
i-:";pthrra'to b.e.ableVtodo-a. little"good
.7-at .tliis would-be. harpy time-of tho
year."'"' - - ' X -��� ���',.   ,--y       '. v ���   .  '_-
X Permit "119, dear readerp,   to wish
.-,;yQu.aVvJferry.,-Merry Christmas." ;'..
-"'')News .From the Capital),.
]"- ;[ .Victoria; "������' Dec:?, 19f ��� War. .has:
--V.b'een. declared 'by   Premier "Oliver
and fhip; party \npon. General 7'A.- B.;
" f'McKae, "leader fof.' theVPrpvinciai.
'-.Party;   and ;his  followers/ v Aft^r-
_ . submitting'more or "less meekly-'to.
���"' Veiled 'insinuations', o.f- wrongdoing
"   -in connection with. P. . G. E. Rail-
;.- way-,affairs  for manyVyeare, ..the"
' government's' leaders patience  has
��� afeTasY-been "exhalisted,~.Kis~h'at.has
-'.. been' thrown into !_the: ring  and he
..7 has issued a challenge tp-his'enem-
,. "-ies'to.getinto'the' open   an (If fight".
.X.-'X.' NA  royEkl. commission.''will   com-'.
; ...Viaence a most thorough 'investiga-
:' tidh-.-into.'.third party charges again-
���'���; .st Hon. William Sloan, and .Mr. W.
���;. '"'; J:���������Bowser,-: K.G;,; lesiderf of ftbe
-" . opposition ,W . Inf' order'.-thai the
.reputation's of ;public men;holding
V.f officii asf'the-chosen representatives
.., .bf the people may be freed from in-^
.X;  Eidioas, suspicion,. ;an amendment
.   to the Public; Inquiries 'Act lias
been-parsed, permitting .any royal
'    edmmission  to   enquire.into   the
records, character and. motives of
men preferring Vibarges, ^including
newspaper  proprietors.: publisherB
and editors. . X :������ X
After declaring repoatedly on
.the: floor of the-Legislature that if
any ^man would make, a definite
charge against himself or bisgoy-
ernment, or against eny member of
the Legislature, he would grant an
investigation. Premier Oliver baa
decided that every charge of wrongdoing will be investigated.
Answering  the   accusiations of
General McKae and bis followers*,
-Hon. William Sloan,  minister of
mines, issued a flat denial in the
House and referred to McEae aa
the greatest of exploiters.    He said
McRae and hia associates had made
. .a profit of $9,000,000  through the
. sab oi   Western   Canada"  prairie
lands;  that the settlers": had been
fleeced   and   many   had   to leave
their holdings.    He charged that
..:. MeEae  and   hisV associate*    had
-.- wrecked the Pacific Whaling Com-
I pany,  and   had   disposed   of   ten
,   whaling licenses, costing $1,000 per
(Experimental Farm Note)
During the winter the area
which iu summer is a lush green
carpet in front of the house is
often abused. Frequently it is
uot only neglected, but maltreated. Occupauts of the house during sessions of cold weather are
prone to remind themselves �� that
"a straight line is the shortest
distance between two points" and
often they economize 4n distance
travelled at the expense of the
lawn. '
A well-beaten path made across
the lawn iu winter will probable
work permanent damage. The
grass may be killed and. the soil
so compacted that grass seed
sown thereon the next season will
not thrive.. Such a path will
generally be obvious for a number, of years. A "cow path" is
distinctly an unattractive feature
on a lawn. The lawn s;g\i 0f
summer; ' "Keep off- the Paths
that are Making" may well by
heeded throughout the year.
Another sin against a Jay,nis
co flood it for the purpose of making, -a . skating' rink. A. body of
'ice'oyer .the.lawn in winter is almost certain to completely kin
'the' grass..-_. The- grass-will. not
tolerate for-a'iong time.a/cbver-
iag whicli procludes^movement of
air.;"-' [) y _V _"-'.'- W..V :W-'���' ��� -'
.-, Young lawns- should.; have a
covering 'Of snow. - A wind-swept
i'awn, blown'-; fr.ee--o.f. .rsno\t/ in-
winter., is,likely to lose much; bf
its young fcloyer. Brush spread
about ��� tends - tp; deflect the. wind
and-VoTds.the.suow;.-     V--.        .-'-
The ' Canadian- Mcintosh; red apple'is the" champion'.dessert, apple in
the British" Empire,,' so judge's- at "the--
Imperial'Er'uit-Show, which' opened',
-in ..-Marichester." recently,   adjudged. "
They also decided- that".Cox "orange -
pippins, "froni;British" Columbia, -on-'
the whole,'.are the-best .of-the six--
- teen' - exhibits.- -from . overseas,'--, and
winners,- therefore* .\of... the   ''Daily -
Mail's", fifty-guinea.cup.,"-  .. . ..-"������ y
X.. What-is: declaredjtp' ..be^ a j world's _-.
record .for "the - transportation.' of
grain has jisst been .achieved by the
Canadian Pacific. Railway. 7,In :one-
-period of'24.hours' there were moved
:"f^om Winnipeg for the head of" the-
lakes' 1,776, loaded' cars.- .The, best
previous . record, also - held -by the
.'Canadian-' Pacific. Railway, Was
1.579..car's, moved east on October
.25tti,-1921.--"   -...      .-.W -'- -V- V
H
ere and ihere
In appreciation of its wonderful
exhibit at the Toronto Exhibition
this year, the Canadian Pacific Railway has been awarded a special
medal.
The Prince of Wales' Ranch at
High River, Alberta, contributed
the highest priced bull at a recent
fail sale in Calgary, Princeton Crusader, which  fetched ��235.
Canadian wheat exports for the
twelve months ending September
30th, 1923, amounted to 225,747,861
bushels, valued at 1?259,445,S16,
while for the twelve months ending
September, 1022, thev were 160,637,-
898 bushels, valued.at $10-1,577,1257
according to a report of the Dominion   Bureau  of  Statistics.
Canada Lures
-famous Stars
Exports of bacon from Canad# to
Great Britain iiu.reas-._d almost 3,-
000,000 pounds dur in J? the first
nine months of the current calendar
year. For this period, during 1922,
there were 70,!)88,00() pounds of
Canadian bacon shipped to the
British market, while this year the
corresponding figure rose to 73,-
9o-!,000  rounds.
The value of the asbestos exports
of Canada for the 12 months ended
August, 1023, according to the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, exceeded the value of those of the previous year by nearly 53,000,000. These
exports for the last year amounted
to 202,640 tons, valued at ?8,375,-
249, compared with 122,785 tons,
valued, at $5,604,551 in 1922.
The first consignment of 1,000
pounds of British Columbia Douglas
fir seeds has been shipped to the
British Forestry Commission, London, by the Dominion Forestry
Branch, from its plant at-New Westminster, British Columbia. The
seeds were extracted from the cones
recently gathered in the Fraser Valley districts.
The year 1923 will see a new record in Alberta coal production.    It
. is expected the total production for
the year will reach 7,000,000 tons,
sin comparison with less than 6,000,-
000 last year. The production up
to November 1st is 1,500,000 tons
greater than the production for the
same period last year. The record
production previously was in 1920, ���
when 6,400,000 tons were produced.
The pay-roll this year is expected
to  exceed  ��18,000,000.
'..One ' thousand young buffalo. will -
be - taken from' the _ Dominion- jmrk
at'Wainwright,'Alberta, "and tutted ���
...loose'in-the north in the region in
.which wood ��� buffalo' are-' found,
Hon.- Charles Stewart,--Minister pf
the."Interior,, announces....' This will
.prevent, the slaughter of .these, .animals   mado.,necessary ,by.. theV-in..'
creasing- size, of-' the;  Wainwright.
-flierd_ -    .:;���   .' ������'-.-'., 7 - -   -���'.'-;"".' ������
AV dispatch   from  .London   gays
���that thp gold rriedai- of the British
. Dairy ���"Farmers'..  Association.; has .
f been. awarded to the Government of
Ontario: for its; collection-.ot dairy
produce, including bacon, dead'poai-
...try' arid - eggs,-- at -.ths���'. Dairy' Show
f held ..there - recently.    First, pmQ-. in .
��� the colonial. farming, section, ��� naiaely.
the silver medal was wori.by th�� On-:
tario    Beekeepers'. Association' 0|.
. Guelph, and the; bronze medal' ^ag
awarded   to   H.   Leclere... o��   BJont- -
.-magr_y,"Quebec. ���",'.'.,,
V'.:Details:'haye /just been-'annomi^^
concerning- the. "Aorangi," ��� the -new
motor-ship^, that is. being.built by.the '
Union Steamship Company" of New-
Zealand. The rnotorsliip i3 -Under
construction at the Clyde yards of
the Fairfield Shipbuilding " Company and when completed will' be
the,largest mbtorship ih the World"
having   a   displacement   of   2b,0<)6
.tons. On the Pacific she will be exceeded in size only by the "Empre3B
of. Canada" and the "Empress of
Australia," of the. Canadian I>aci-
fia Railway Company, which is her
. agent. "   '        - ��� '
.-""All' grain!, shipment' records  for
-the - prairie'   provinces    have   been
;' shattered '- during1   the", past    two
months. - Since -the' commencement
��� of'_ the.. crop   year, .September  ist
loading's .-.- totalled'.' .121,598    cars'
representing -  169.053,085 "busheV
agair.sb. 153,795,320 :feu<$iels. handled
in "the-same. period ..last year.    Of
this quantity'-the,Canadian; Pacific
I'oaped'   6?;.-r"'0'f.errs,"" representing
100.^07M^iihpiXy against 94,072.:.
'320 -busaiys;"iurinjp"-0^ 1822 2��$g&
A joint,of buffalo, for. the Canadian
Christmas dinner may- soon become as typical of the feast as .turkey
aiid roast beef have beeri for so long.
A-large number ."of "surplus -animals
- from jyhe  Dominion" reserve in Al--
bgrta are-now being slaughtered for
the Canadian.market, and as'soon as
meat is available it will be placed oh
the. menus'of. all. Canadian Pacific
���dining cars and hotels.; The test to
which the "buffalo meat will "thus'-'be"
put will.definitely decide whether the-
herds can be commercialized or-wher'
-ther sentiment ��� alone justifies their,
preservation". [.-.-
y Ledge ads .brin^- results, j..
DEAFNESS CAN
BE CURED
DEAFNESS, NOISES IN THE HEAD,
AND NASAL CATARRH.
The new Continental remedy called]
"LARMALENE" (Reffd.).
is a simple harmless home-treatment
which absolutely cures deafness,
noises in the head,'*etc- NO EXPENSIVE APPLIANCES NEEDED for this
new Ointment, instantly operates
upon the affected parts with complete
and permanent success- SCORESOF
WONDERFUL CURES REPORTED.
RELIABLE TESTIMONY
Mrs. K. Wilkinson, of Slad Road, Stroud,
wrttes:���"Please could I trouble you to send me
another box of tlie Ointment. It is notformy-
self, but for a friend of mine who is as bad as I
was, and cannot get any rest for the. noises iu
the head. I feel a new woman, and can g-o to
bed now,aiid jret a good night's rest, which I
have not - been able to do. for many
months*; It is a wonderful remedy and am
most ddllghted to recommend it."' '-���?'
That the two-fold, attraction of Canada's audiences and Canada's scenic and climatic allurements, especially at
Banff, is proving irresistible to many great concert, theatrical and movie stars is well brought out by the sheaf
of photographs reproduced above,.which represents some of the famous artists who have recently visited Canada.
The majority of the originals'of these pictures need no introductions to Canadians. Sophie Breslau, that brilliant contralto singer,_who is shown about to start-her.tour of this country^ from the Canadian Pacific Railway's ,
Windsor Station, Montreal, made a great hit everywhere. Dame Clara Butt.'fetains her place in the hearts of-British
audiences. Galli Curd's golden voice has enraptured millions. Elsie Janis,-internationally known impersonator,
and her 'Momma' foregathered with the Mountie at the C. P. 'R. station at Banff and got a big thrill. Jack Holt,
famous movie star, snapped off'duty among the Indians at Banff, is lyrical on the subject of Canadian scenery.
Jascha.Heifetz was on his way to the Orient when lie posed for the Canadian Pacific camera-man. The perennial
Pavlowa expresses her appreciation of services rendered.aboard the 'Empress of France'. Doug and Mary had the
time of their young lives holidaying at the Canadian'Pacific hotel at Banff,'where the picture reproduced was taken.
Mrs. E. Crowe, of-Wlutehorse Road, Croydon writes:���"I am pleased to tell you that-the
small tin of ointment you sent to meatsVentnor,
has proved a complete success, my hearing is
nowquite.normal, aud the horrible head noises
have ceased. The action of this new remedy
must be very remarkable.;- for I have been
troubled with these complaints for nearly ten
years, ancl have had some of-the very best medical advice together with .other exneuslve ear
instruments all to no purpose. I need hardly say
how very grateful I am, for 'my life has un ler-
goiieanc'utire change. '
Tr.. oncbox today, which can be forwarded
to anv afldrc-s-oii receipt of money order for
$1.00. THERE IS NOTHING BETTER
AT ANY PRICE.
Address orders to:���        ;
"LARMALENE" CO.. (H. .Thomas).
"Woodlands," Bean, Dartford, Kent, Ene.
rill
IF
LflU
MT AMENDMENTS
SEMI-READY
Tailored - Clothes
Men's Suits and-. Overcoats
For Fall and Winter
."-"-.v.--       '-%"���    .   -'
. Splindid Assortment of New .
V;   Samijles Just Arrived
;V .   Call and'see them.f���> .
'.-���'���"���  ���'���   r���r���dX���-1-'' X.-'i  ;.
T.   THOMAS
f. V Tailor.and Cleaner:
W Greenwood
dr; H; e, griffin
-.." DENTIST:    V        ;
-- -,    v " - - -" "���'.   - '"   V
Has opened'an office, above- Chas.
"-. ' .-'   ''..-King's office.- .      -"���'���*
.':,.'...;. Open - 9.30 a.m.- to-5-5.-111. -'-���--
���H ave you paid 'your "sub
scription to 1 he Ledge?;.- -
^mmmuupmmro^
g
Brew for  YOU
y'
Because:
- "Cascade" stands for all that'is good in
beer   brewing.     It ��� has   behind .it   the -
resources of the most scientific: plant in: ���
the   West.' ' It   indicates . purity   beyond.'
reproach.'    It   cures   the   longest   thirst, ���
. - invites   the Zpalate,   bri'ngs*the. healthy
-   glow of good cheer and _ content.    It is
~ the   Million-dollar   Brew ��� brewed   for
r.xyou:       .       -���--. w .���  "-. :
Get    acquainted   with
"Cascade"' at the Govern-s
ment Liquor Store today;""
VANCOUVER BREWERIES
LIMITED   -
PRE-EMPTIONS
Vacant, , unreserved, ' surveyed
lown lands may be pre-empted by
Vilish subjects over 18 years of age,
.nd by aliens on declaring intention
:o become British subjects, conditional upon residence, occupation;
ind improvement for agriculturs,!
purposes. ���
Full information concerning regu-
ations regarding pre-emptions is
siven in Bulletin No. 1, Land Series,
'How to Pre-empt Land,"-copies uf
tvhlch can be obtained free of charge
by addressing the . Department of
f_ands,. Victoria, B.C., or to any-.Gov-
���sninent -Agent.
Records will be granted covering
mly land suitable foi> agricultural
.nil-poses, and which is not timber-
,.and, i 0., carrying over 5,000 boai d
feet per acie west of the Goast Range
j.id 8,000 feet per acre east of t'.i_u_
Range. " -
Amplications for .pre-emptions are
1 be addressed to the Land Com-
.nsjsioner of tlw Land Rpeording Di-
~.:sIon, in which the land applied for
ib situated, and are made on printed
forms, copies of which can be ob-
-ained from the Land Commissioner.
Pre-emptions must be-occupied for
five years and improvements made
to value of 510 per acre, including
clearing and cultivating at least five
acres,  Ijcfore a Crown  Grant  can bs
eccived.
\
J
.lliis advertisement is not published.or._.displaye_d= by tiie Liquor-Control
Board;br; by the Government fof British Columbia.
For more detailed information see
llie Bulletin "How to Pre-empt
Land."
.1    PURCHASE '
Applications are received"* for purchase of vacant and unreserved
Crown lands, not being Umberland,
Cor agricultural purposes; minimum
price of first-class (arable) land is $5
per acre, and sccond-cias3 (grazing)
land 52.CO per acre. Further information regarding purchase or lease
of Crown lands is given in Bulletin
No. 10, Land Series, "Purchase and
Lease of Crown Lands."
Mill, factory, or industrial sites on
timber land, not exceeding 40 acres,
may be purchased or leased, the conditions including payment of
stumpage.
HOMESITE   LEASES
Unsurveyed areas, not exceeding 20
acres, may be leased aa hofhesites,
conditional upon a dwelling "being
erected in the first year, title being
obtainable   after  residence   and   tm-
prpvement_ conditions _are fulfilled _
and land has been surveyed. ^
��� LEASES
For grazing and industrial ' purposes areas not exceeding 640 acres
may be leased by one person or^a
company. -      	
GRAZING
Under the Grazing Act the Province Is divided into grazing districts
and the range administered under'1
Gi'azing Commissioner. Annual
grazing permits are issued based on
numbers ranged, priority" being given
to established owners. Stock-owner."?
may form associations' for ranga
management. Free, or partially free,
poimits aro available for settlers,
campers and travellers, up ���to ten
-head.
-V"
\\]
--^Economy and Satisf action
combined with Promptness
are the features which go to
make up the Servicei^ire^ give
our customers. Are you
���ohefof: tiiem?^v^'.vri"''-v.'!C
K
BxWE PRINT
(Ruled or Plain).
Envelopes, Billheads, ^
��� (All Sizes) . . 3'
Statements, Business Cards, |j
ers, Etc;, Etc. ��f
_ Ledge
& V  GREENWOOD        Job Pristine Departaiest    3
x   The Mineral Province of Western Canada
W     ^        T0 END OF DECEMBER, 1922
Has produced Minerals valaed as follows: -Placer Gold, 176,542,203; Lode
Goldi ��109,647,661 \ Silver,.��B9s814t266; Lead $51,810,891; Copper, $170,723,242;
Zinc, $24,625,853; .Miacellaneona Minerale, >l,358,839f Coal and Coke, $238,-
289,565; Boilding Sfeone, Brick* Cement, etc., $36,605,942, making iSa Mineral
Producfeion to ihe end of 1922 show
An^Ag^r^ate Value of $769,418,462
ictioBfortfeYeii- Ending itecember, 1922, $35,158,843
The Mining Laws of tbis Province are more liberal, and the fees lower,
shan those bf any sfe&sr Prsrisce iii the Dominion, or any Colony in the British
Empire.
Mineral locatiSBB are granted to discoverers for nominal fees.
Absolate Titles are obtained by developing such properties, the security
of wblck is gaarante#4 by Crown Grants.
Fall infora&SloB, together with Mining Eeports and Maps, may be obtained
gratis by ad&rssfting���
THE HON. TBE MINISTER OF. MINES
. \ VICTORIA, Britis^Coiumfcia.
y<-i
*��**
... -��� j:~

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