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The Ledge Aug 10, 1922

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ary
THE  OLDEST   MINING  CAMP^NEWSPAPER   IN   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Vol.:   XXIX.   ..
GREENWOOD, B. C., THURSDAY,-AUGUST; 10,  1922.
We carry a large line of
Hardware, House Furnfshings, Etc.
Inspect our stock
T. M. GULLEY & CO.
PHONE 28.
1   .-  :���-.&    y.   ;��� , . ���    ���    x ������������
j B\ We can supply your requirements - for Preaen
Choice Apricots and Peaches
Now Arriving
Perfect Seal and Economy Jars; Also Rubber
Rings, Schram and Economy-Jar Caps".
No. 3
��Around Home
t
GREENWOOD, B.C.
m
Summer is more than half
over.
Life on*[the "farm just now is
one job after another.
Mrs. Walter Murray, of Trail,
is the / guest of Mrs. Hugh
Murray.
Bob Mitchell left tor lledley on
Monday where he will seek employment. V
H. L. MacKenzie, barrister, of
Grand Forks, died id that city
last week.    ~ "
Miss Lottie
Forks, is vi
E. F. Keir
Miss^Annie : Eustis, of Van
couver, was the guest of Miss
Priscilla Kerr on Tuesday and
Wednesday, enroute to ��� visit-her
parents. Mr. and Mrs. R. Eustis;
at Trail.
Mining News
City Council
Haw,
Mr.
of   Grand
and  Mrs..
|   LEE & BRYAN        Phone 46
^iiauiUiiaiiaiiiiaiiiiiiiaiiiiaiaiUiiiaiiiiiiUiiiiUiii'nni'if
D. R. MOELMON
Watchmaker, Jeweler aud Optician
GREENWOOD - B.C
Summer  Specialties
Disappearing   Creamt,  Cold Creams,   Hand and
Face Lotions,  Colognes, Toilet Waters,  Etc.   s
Big  Assortment
..Kodaks,       Films-   _ and .    Supplies!
GOODEVE'S   DRUG   STORE
6 Windsor hotel "
GREENWOOD, B. C.
The WINDSOR HOTEL v is heated With steam
and electricity. Fine sample rooms. ' A comfortable home for tourists and travellers. Touch the
wire if you wane rooms reserved. The buffet is
replete withv cigars, cigarettes, cooling ..beverages,
���  '.     *"      buttermilk and ice-cream.       _
o. . 0
CK>OCKK>0000<>0<>000000000000000<><>00^^
FIRE!      FIRE!     FIRE!
"The Province sits on a Powder
" J��_. .   -"    Barrel" .      '   _ ,
. District- Forester,  Major L.  R.
"Adams tnakes-this statement
Are you fully'.insured In this
critical! situation
Most of you are not, call and see
CHARLES   KING
Greenwood, B.C.
The best Companies in the World.
MCPHERSON'S GARAGE
GRAND FORKS. B.C.
Agent for Dodge, Chevrolet, Studebaker,
and Overland cars. Garage in connection.
d. Mcpherson
Procrietor
Greenwood Theatre
\      Gray & Clerf. Prefcs.
JUST RECEIVED
A Car of
OGILVIE'S
Cereals, JFIour and Feed
Their Quality is Pre-eminent
TAYLOR <& JENKIN
PHONE 17.
GREENWOOD
SATURDAY,^ AUG.   12th
Commencing at 8.15 p.m."
AlbeVt A. Kaufman presents
"Not Guilty"
The drama of.a fugitive from justice and
a fugatiye from love.  .An - Epic of the
East, with Silvia Breamer, Richard. Dix
aud powerful cast
Adapted from Harold MacGrath's vivid
* .  romance���''Parrot and Co."
r~* 6; reels 6
' Also a' Two Reel Can. Educ.
"Torchy's Million's*'
ADULTS 50c
CHILDREN 25c.
INDEPENDENT MEAT MARKET    1
1
I =======
I  JOHN MEYER
K
We carry only the best stock procurable in
Beef, Veal, Pork,   Ham, Bacon, Lard, Etc.
A trial will conyince you
Proprietor
\   The Next Issue of the
KOOTENAY TELEPHONE  DIRECTORY
Closes September 1st, 1922
If you are contemplating taking new service, or making any changes
in or additions to your present service, you shonid send notification, in
���writing, not later than the above date, in order that you may take advantage of the new directory listings.
~ The Telephone Directory offers an attractive and effective, median* for
advertising purposes. Advertisers shonid bear the above date in mind so
that insertion may be sure in the directory.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TELEPHONE COMPANY.
Presbyterian Church
Minister in charge    -, '     ~
Rev. YY. R. Walkinshaw. fcr*.
Greenwood
Services on Sunday -
11 a.m. Beaverdell.   3 p.m. Riverside
7.30 p.m. Greenwood
n, b. y   .'    ���
. At the evening service Greenwood the
Sacrament of the Lords Supper will be
observed. An invitation to join with the
congregation in this Holy Sacrament is
freely extended to all who possess a true
interest in Christ and the work of His
Kingdom; to all who are sensible ofthe
want in their lives of such communion as
is found in this Sacrament and who feel
tlie urge to redtidication in Christ and
the call for a new departing from all
iniquity.
The Snnday School will not meetagaiii_
until Sept- 3rd,J)ut the children are invited to attend the church - service every
Sunday evening.
Church of England
Rev. E. A. St. C. Smsfth
Services   during    August   will be  as
follows: *   "
*  , "August 13th
11 a.m. Bridesville.       7.30 p.m. Midway
August 20th   <���
11 a.m. Kettlfe Valley.
7.30 p.m. Greenwood
. August 27
11 a.m. Greenwood.      7.30 p.m. Midway.
��� Focsd���Oa wagon road at Kettle
Valley/ Sunday the Gth inst, Ladies
bracelet with initials]^. B. Owner
may have same by apply So B.
E. JTorris, Kettle "Valley. B.C.
Make visiting auto"parties"wel-
come to town. _��They are profitable visitors.
The Granby mine at Phoenix is
overflowing1. It has,taken over
two years to'fill'up."
John Benson has returned from
Hedley''*where he had been employed for some time..
r Mr. and "Mrs.'Prank Buckless
are in town from' their ranch on
the Main Kettle-river.
' Howard Smith, oHWestbridge,"
was the guest of Mrs. G. S.
Walters on Wednesday. .
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph P. Acoatn
and son, of Spokane, were visitors in town on Sunday.     " .
Mrs. W. E- Wilson _ and three
children, of Mevers Creek, are
visiting- Mrs. T. Rowe.
Frank Peterson who has been
spending.a" few days in town left
for Creston on Monday.
Albert Haw'-'has returned to
Grand Forks after spend _a holiday at the_Keir ranch.
About the only thing more unlovely than a cold fried egg is a
wilted collar after a'picnic. '
Weather warm!
Fishin* goodl
'- Water fine; come on over!
Mr.'and Mrs. R. Lee and Miss
Georgia a Lee returned .on Saturday from'a motor trip to Spokane.
Miss Evelyn Tye is spending a
few'days at' "Mountain View"
the guest of Mr. and Mrs. James
Hoy..
Rev. Father Cocola, oKGrand
Forks, held service in the
Catholic church on"[Sunday and
Monday.
Mrs. I. Thompson returned to
Trail on Monday after being the
guest, of Mrs. Geo. Clerf for a
few days,   s
, Weasels are getting quite common amongst the chicken coops
this season to the dismay of the
farmer's wife.
���Miss^R. Madge and Miss -E.
O'Donnell, of Rock Creek, were
the guests of Miss Mary Kerr
during the past week.
Mr. and Mrs.' R. McMillan, of
Trail, are spending a few days
in Midway, the guest o"f Mr.
and" Mrs. R, D. Kerr.
Mrs. W. H. Docksteader, "Wilfrid and Velva Docksteader left
on Sunday morning for a month's
holiday in Vancouver,���
Miss Gladys McCreath returned
to Vancouver on Sunday after
spending her vacation with her
sister Mrs. H. Thomas.
Lost���A green - and black
mackinaw coat near' Fretz' ranch
on the Eholt road. Finder will
be rewarded by leaving same at
The Ledge office.
R. L. McAllister and family,
of Rossland, and A. H. Webster
and family, of Grand Forks, were
in town on Monday enroute to the
Okanagan for a holiday.'
' Mr. and Mrs. C. K. McArthur
returned to Trail on Sunday after
spending a two weeks holiday, the
guest of the latter's parents, Mr.
and Mrs. R. D. Kerr ia Midway.
To a fish fly a day must seem a
long time. In fact it is a whole
life time. The fish fly has*nothing to do with the rearing of its
own young. _ It produces the
eggs and that ts all. Intercourse
with its own babies is denied it.
It knows nothing of�� family life.
It misses the happiest part of
human life, when the babies are
growing from infancy to manhood. In comparison with this
period in the life-of a man, nothing else is worth while. v Without doubt if this piece were left
out, hnman life would cot be|
worth living. A contemplation
of this fact makes the distance
between human and insect life
more profound.
Word has been received from
P. B. Freeland, M. EV that he
will be iu town on Thursday the
10th. Those mentioned in the
mining article are requested to be
in attendance at the Board of
Trade rooms on Thursday evening at 7.30 prompt to meet Mr.
Freeland.
Mr. and Mrs. Dave Bannerman
of Los Angeles, were renewing
acquaintances in town on Monday. Years ago Dave was in the
livery business in town and sold
out to Frank Buckless. -
The boys and girls have forgotten all about school and
books, their minds being centered
on getting as'much- en-joyment as
possible out of the midsummer
holiday's. . What is more, as a
rurle they just know where'the
fun is.
��� *   ~
. Miss Ethel Ferguson," of the
staff.of the Enderby school, who
>has beentbe guest of her "sister,
Mrs. W. R. Dewdney, in Penticton for the past month, arrived
in Midway last week on "a visit to
her parents,' Mr. and Mrs. J. R.
Ferguson.
." Mr. and . Mrs. H. R. - Van
Wagenen and two children, of
Copper Mountain, and Mrs. Whit-
more and son, and Miss Ward,* of
Denver, Col., called on Mr. and
Mrs. G S. Walters on Monday on
their way to" Nelson. The party
will return on Friday,
The trout fishing is wonderful
this ^year. These fish are not
"only numerous, , they are also
large. Last year it was -feared
.that our fishing grounds were
being depleted,' but now the'experts are confounded and do not
know what to think. All they
can do is to join with the sportsmen iu the general rejoicing over
the revival of the old time trout
fields._
The .tendency to cry "down a
small town is universal. It.is a
trait of human ^ nature. The
bargains to be procured in other
towns were constantly in our
thoughts and dtx our ' tongues.
Our information concerning these
things is seldom authentic, but if
no one talked until lae was on
sure ground the English tongue
would soon be forgotten. We
must be constantly saying something in order ,to keep alive the
trick of speech".
Thomas Jenkin, srM/ of Che-
welah, Wash,, father of Thos.
Jenkin, of Greenwood, died last
Friday at the ripe old age of 75
years. He had been ill for some-
���time and death was not unexpected. Mr. Jenkin -was a well
known and prosperous farmer
and was highly respected by all
whohad"thlTprivilegeof his acquaintance; He leaves three
sons to mourn him, - Henry,
Joseph and'Thomas. .The funeral
was held' on Sunday under the
auspices of "the I. ,0. O.'F. of
wtiich he was a charter member.
Interment took place at the Che-
,welah cemetery.
Distinguished and well known
visitors to town this week were
Dr. Sidney S. Oppenheimer, Mrs.
Oppenheimer and son, Maurice.
Also Mr. and Mrs. I. Breslauer,
all of Spokane. They are on a
motoring trip in the Boundary.
Dr. Oppenheimer, who at' one
time practiced medicine in this
tow"n, has still great faith in the
district and owns the City View
mineral claim near the Prince
Henry, and the Salamanca Fraction in,South Deadwood camp
also some city property.- Mr.
Breslauer wa? a prominent business man in Greenwood in the
early days being proprietor of
the Greenwood Trading Co., with
headquarters on the corner where
P. Burns store now stands; They
left on Tuesday for Christina
Lake..
During noon hour on Wednesday some - thoughtless person
threw a match or cigarette end
near the base of the old .store
next the Pacific Hotel. Fortunately "the blaze was noticed by R:
Taylor and a few buckets of
vs-ater sufficed to extinguish the
fire which in a very short time
would have caused a conflagration of a magnitude hard to
realize. Some people don't
know the danger- from carelessness, in handling matches, etc.,
especially in the vicinity of
places as this mentioned as the
footing of this building1 is as imr
flammable as tinder and in addition the risk-to adjoining properly is so great as to be a continual source of anxiety to the
owners.
Great interest has been  taken in
the work,"now completed,   of  unwatering and sampling the Barbara
mine a,nd the Eepublic groups an
will be showniby^the following list
of subscribers and workers.    T. M.
Gulley and G. S. Walters have devoted  much time   and^energy in
connection with this'Jprojecb "and
have received^'whole  hearted  support ��� from   everyone   interested.
Terms'have been obtained on.three
other claims in addition to.the ones
above mentioned.    Mr. P. B. Free-
land,  the  Provincial  Government
Resident Mining Engineer,   under
whose supervision   the work  has
been done, will be in town in a few
days and give a detailed report on
the operations'and   there   results.
It is. hoped that, all who have given
their donations "of money'and work
so liberally arid  willingly will  be
in attendance at the meeting notice
of which   will   be  given   in  due
course..   MeBsrs. Morrison and McGillis were employed to undertake
the work although "much, of their
time was put in voluntarily.
Lew.Bryant ........... ......Volunteer work
Harry Bidder ,.       " "
Billy Bryant...^... .,���'".",
Geo. Clerf.;        "
A.-N. Docksteader .........    ~" "
Robert Lee	
James Hallett .'.        " "
Jerome McDonell        " "
Joe Price .-.      J'       ���   "
Ola Lofstad   "" ""
James Kerr ..$10 00
Geo. S. Walters......... V.V10 00
T. M. Gulley  1000
Andrew Sater  10 00
Hooker & Wightman   10 00
J. H. Goodeve  10 00
James McCreath  10 00
Lee& Bryan ...'."���.. 1000
Jas. Myir .���, :.. ;.. 10 00
V. S. Newton". .....jeoqo
Taylor & Jenkin.....    1000
A. N.-Mdwat .���..,..  1000
H. McCutcheon  1000
John Meyer..  10 00
Geo. Sutherland 10 00
G. W. A, Smith. .7 '.....". 10 00
Charles King  10 00
Dan McGillis '...... .10 00
H. C. Medill....'........:....".....".  to 00"
A.J.Morrison ;,.. ro 00
L. Portmann .!)......,...." 1000
J. L. White  fooo
Hon. J. D. MacLean .....*..'.. 1000
D. D, McLaren     200
John Boltz V. '.   200
E. Pope ...'.    5 00
Alex Greig :    5 00
T. N. Paton i    5 00
Arthur Leg&ult     5 00
Alec McKenzie '.     500
R. O. Fi_her .-.    500
U. F. Keir. .��, 1....   5 00
J. Keady    5 00
W. Elson ;    500
D. R. McElmon .'. .*   5 00
W. H. Bryan .....^.. 5_oo
R-. "Forshaw777.."7777.7...7..W7.    5 00
C. Patsworth    5 00
Geo. H. Gray ,    5 00
J. R. Jackson -.,.    5 00
Hngh" McGillvray and "H. M.
Strarnberg recently took a four
year lease and bond on the White
Star owned by Mark Christensen
near Boundary Falls. The lead
on this property is from 8 to 10
feet in width and resembles the
Bay mine which carries gold and
silver. Former picked samples
assayed 120 ounces in silver and
S6 in gold, with average assays at
838 and $48. Mr. McGillvray is
sending out samples for assay tbis
week to Nelson and if returns are
satisfactory a 30-ton shipment: will
be made to the smelter in the near
future. 	
Clement Vacher, A. Bravard and
Claude Gidon are doing development work on the ISTew Jack of
Spades * in Central camp. The
property is owned by Mr. Vacher
and the ore values are in gold and
silver.
, Joseph -_P. Acoam, a' mining
broker of Spokane, Inspected the
Republic group and Helen mine
this week. He took samples from
these mines with the assistance of
A.. J. Morrison. The properties
are owned by O. Lofstad.
The City Council held a lengthy
meeting on Monday evening, Aug.
7th in the City Hal], Mayor Gulley
presided and all Aldermen present.
Bylaw No. 2 was given final reading and passed without.any dissentient.
A matter relative to Improvements on the sidewalk on Long
Lake St. was turned over for action
by the streets committee.
The report of the water committee was presented  and   discussed.
The repairs on Twin Creek  reservoir are proving the salvation  of
water supply as no leakage _ whatever isjjaking place.     The  whole
of Twin creek is now  turned into
the resevoir and by judicious use
on the part of consumers, the city
from   Kimberley ' Avenue   to the
South end of Silver St.   should  be
well supplied.      Repair   work  on
the wooden mains from Lind creek
is still proceeding and  the intermittent supply of water to the people south of Silver St. will soon be
remedied.    Three cases   0/   disregard of the sprinkling hour from 6
tp 7 were brought to tbe notice  of
the council'but as   the informants
did not wish to have   their names
disclosed no action could be taken,
but the premises of the ones mentioned will be.closely  watched and
all water service immediately cut
off at the instance of any member
of the council or city officials  who   ~
discover   the   delinquents.      The
council expressed its determination
to support the water committee in
its efforts to prevent   wastage and' -
to ensure a reasonable supply-for
the rest pf tbe season.
'Copy-of a notice of  application
for a water right on Twin Creek by
Mr. W. Jenks of the Phoenix Rd. ���
was referred by the water committee to"the whole   of   the   council.   .
The City Trustee had already   in-- ,
Bferuc'ted the "committee to oppose  7-
such application and this was endorsed by the council who are taking no chances  of  the -supply of
water for the city being jeopardized.
The pound committee recommended that a telephone be installed in
the residence of the ponnd-keeper, .
and this matter will be decided in
the very near future.    It is .very
probable that summonses   will  be
issued against the owners of refractory animals which remain in the
city   after   the   pound   keeper   is
unable to handle them.
Dr.   Oppenheimer,   of Spokane,
formerly of Greenwood, and still a   ,
property owner-here,-called -on the���*~"
Council during its session and  expressed   his* appreciation   of   the
efforts being made to keep the city
in such   good   shape   during the
hard times.   He spoke in the most
optimistic manner of the future of
Greenwood and mentioned instances coming under his notice recently of enquiries being made,regarding the Boundary country, and his
confidence in the place was enough
to compel him to hold his property
and pay his   taxes regularly and
promptly.      Tbe members of the
Council were gratified with the visit
of the well known doctor who announced his   intention   of paying
more frequent pleasure visits to the
city anc! district.' ���  ���
G. E. Bartholomew, ot Soring-
dale, Wash., is doing some "work
on hss claims io this vicinity. Mr.
Bartholomew staked the* Providence, Spokane.and Combination
mines 32 years ago.
Morrison and McGillis will do
some development work at the Bay
Mine, work to commence in a few
days. _
Anaconda School
The Anaconda School will be kept
open if there are six or more regular pupils, according to a letter
received by T. Hartland from the
Department of Education. ��� On
Monday August 7th a meeting was
held in the school house with E. F.
Keir-in thc chair and school matters were thoroughly discussed.
S. Bombini, J. Keady and Mrs. F. ,
Maletta were elected Trustees and
Mrs. Maletta was appointed Sec.,-
Treas. It was shown that there
would be more than the required
number of pupils attending and the
school will be open next term.
Notice
Owing to bush fires near Rossland
burning lhe power line of the Sonth
Kootenay Power and Light Co., and from
which The Ledue gets its power to nrn
the presses,, this paper has consjequently
been delayed.
S3H THE     LEDGE.     GREENWOOD.     B.     C.   /
v-V
The Short Work Day
Alany tilings which aro flue in theory, and hi support of which seemingly
incontrovertible arguments can be advanced, do not come up to expectations
nor prove a success when the acid test ot actual experience is applied. All
right in theory, they are failures in practice.
Since the war, ami in ihe topsy-turvy period which lias been one of the
aftermaths of the great struggle, riuilc a number of ideas over which people
theorized have been given a trial. Russia has gone the limit in socialistic
experiments, confiscating property, placing a ban on capital, and generally attempting lo run the country on plans never before attempted, but which had
for years been lauded and advocated by certain theorists. Tlie world knows
the result���Russia ruined, an outlaw among the nations, her people starving
by the hundreds of thousands, her lands unfilled to a great extent, and her
great industries idle and useless.
ln other countries, including Great Britain, United Slates, Canada and
Germany, thc experiment of greatly reducing the daily number of hours of
work is being tried out with, as yet, no appreciable results of a beneficial
character resulting to the workers, while the effect on industry and commerce
generally, and on the living costs of all people has been disastrous.
Germany probably reveals the best example of the results of this experiment. Under the old autocratic form of monarchial Government, the workers
of Germany had to work long hours. Following the revolution and the abdication of the Kaiser, a Workers' Government came inlo power. Hours of
labor were greatly reduced, the old nine and ten-hour days being replaced by
an enforced eight-hour day for all occupations, and to seven and six hours for
certain arduous occilfcations. The experiment has not been a success, and,
although Germany still has a Workers' Government, it is now proposed to
add one or two hours to the workday. This policy Is not one being forced
on the workers; It is the labor leaders themselves woh see the necessity for
the longer workday.
.-- The theory back of the much shortened workday is that the free time
thus provided for the worker is to go into the family life, recreation, study���
in short, to enable the workman and his family to cultivate qualities valuable
to the family, society and the coming generation, to improve health and generally enable the worker to devote more attention to his home and self-Improvement. Germany, however, is learning by experience that shortening of
the workday below a certain figure develops Into a problem of disposition of
the free time.
It is pointed out by a writer in The Saturday Evening Post that when a
twelve-hour workday is .shortened to ten hours the disposition-of the two
hours does not constitute a problem, but when this free timc is extended
from two hours to four or even six hours a day a civic and economic problem
arises. It has been found-that this free time is devoted to a marked extent
to one1 form or another of waste. The waste, il is pointed out, is often
economic, in that the free time is devoted to trivialities that reduce the family
Income for necessities. In a word, the fact is that the free time;has, with'
many, not been devoted to social, cultural, or economic ends, nor even to
recreation, but has becn worse than wasted, resulting not in an improvement
of the condition and health of the worker, but in all round loss to him and his
family. '   * v
German labor leaders arc awakening to the fact that their old theory that
with a shorter workday, the output per hour Avould be Increased is not working out in actual practice; that, the physical condition and morale of the
worker has not improved; and that the only way to increase production and
thereby enable Germany to.pay.her debts ahd rehabilitate her industries, is
to Increase the workday!- They realize that tlie present salvation and future
iiope of Germany depend upon increased production,' and that this can only
be achieved by longer hours of labor. '"     .." '-.-���.
Germany .does not standalone in the, need for increased, production. .-"The
whole -world suffers from the same need, and particularly .Industrially, developed nations like Great-Britain, the United States and Canada. If the shorter
workday had resulted-.in the physical and intellectual improvement of the
���worker and his family^ then the .gain-.would have offset the loss in.production, but when there is no gain in that-..direction, but only loss to'ad.d to loss,
ii. is'becoming increasingly evident that the extreme short workday is "a mistake "economically, both for the nation and the individual. ..        ���, . f
Germany's New Hate Hymns
France Justified in Her Fear of
Another War
Thc parallelism between recent articles iu the Berlin Deutsche Tageszeitung and the magazine published
in America by George Sylvester Vier-
cck is striking.
The theme is the same in both
cases���namely, France, its character
and ils conduct. Tlie Tageszeitung
raises the question of whether a
Frenchman more resembles a tiger or
a gorilla. It reaches the amiable conclusion that he is a mixture of both.
France, we aro told,- has a poisoned
race soul and is addicted lo the crucifixion of human beings. A Frenchman, it appears, is never so happy as
when engaged in nailing a tortured
fellow creature to a cross. As fierce
as a tiger and as "cunning and fiendish
as a gorilla, the Frenchman is present-
I cd as a vile monster the gentle German is unhappily compelled to. tolerate as a neighbor. The Tageszeitung
appeals lo ihe friends of Germany
throughout thc world, especially those
in America, to spread knowledge concerning lhc true character of Franco.
Vicreck does his utmost to comply.
He begins by saying that "France is
the Cain among nations." "Her international manners," he declares,
"are those of a pig, a pig clad to the
snout in shining armor." Further we
learn: "The French may bc human
beings. Rational beings they are
not." And so on and on. Vicrock
hymns a hate more passionate than
that of Lissaucr.    -
Formerly, ii; was the Brilon who was
to be cursed with every breath. Now
there are. oily smiles for John Bull
and much deprecatory scraping and
blowing as he draws near. France
has become the abominable one.
Germans, whether in the Fatherland'
or in other lands, doubtless deem
their new propaganda subtle and convincing. If the amazing things about
the amazing German mind nothing is
more amazing than the German inability to understand how other folks
think.
Yet for Germany so to spurt venom
is not all a joke. It impedes world
disarmament. It makes almost impossible further reduction of thc
French military establishment. It
justifies French fear that Germany
still has a will for war. In every
way it postpones reconciliation.- Yet,
blind with rage, organs which pretend
to express German opinion devote
themselves to fanning-German hate.������
From the New York. Tribune.   "'      ��
French Deserter Was Foolhardy
What France Fears
May   Be   Unable to. Demand   Repara-
���   tions If "Armament Reduced ���
It "is-not so much the fear "pf .invasion.���at any- rate "of   immediate, invasion���which governs the French "attitude; it is the fear that she may in
the'end be' left ' powerless   to.-, extract
the demand for just reparations which
has been .repeatedly.endo'rsed. by this
country and, indeed, by. the.cpmmon-
"sense' and "equityor tlie world. "Against
such a contingency she is 'entitled,  to
adequate guarantees; -that is to say;
lo a relatively high ratio 'of- land armaments.   ���  She- can7 demand.,this logically    on. .much    the    same s'ort.:'of
ground, as we "demand a. high ratio of
��� sea  power.      If' an/, reasonable -con-
, cession'"to * her wishes in this mailer
can.   win  .her .assent ".to a practical
scheme of disarmament   the. concession ought to be made.���London Daily
News'. -'   '   -7     -���'���...���'.' '-.     "'     -    ,
Baron Byng Given
Klondike Welcome
Governor-General  Finds. Dawson  Citizens Out in Full Force" ���
A- Klondike, welcome awaited Lord
and -Lady. Byng .when they stepped
ashore in. Dawson from thc steamer
White Horse. The' Governor-General
and his party had come up the river
to visit this outpost of Canadian life.
He found-, its" citizens ""awaiting'Vliim
with cheers, and hearty handshakes.   ���
Returned soldiers turned' out in'
force.-.drawn up in military.formation.
They .presented. His -Excellency with
the colors.of the Second yukori .-Motor
Machine Gun: Brigade. After .a for-;
mal reception from the Yukon; Order
oi .Pioneers, the colors, which ��� wero
carried to France by the brigade were
permanenilv-deposited by Baron Byng
in the Yukon exhibit ;halL" jwith the
usualceremony.   ���'.:.-'
Minard's    Liniment
where
for   sale    every-
When America First
Appeared on Map
New World Designated by Italian
,, ,-, Artist in .514
"America" . first appeared on the
map of the world drawn by no.less an
artist than .Leonardo da Vinci, and
Major, "the expert on the/science of
map':drawin.g, .explains the- circum-"
stances as follows: '-'.'���
'-__ "The first map known to' exist with
the-new" world delineated upon it.is
that drawn .by Juan de. la Cosa. the
pilot, of Columbus on his second voyage.. This'map is dated 1500., Juan
de la Cosa ..was with' Oj.cda and Ves-.
pucci, and' afterward, with Ojeda on
his'-last-and ill-fated expedition.
. "In. May, .1507,7 just - thc. year "after
the death of Columbus, a man named
Martin Waldseemuller wrote - a .book
to which, was appended-.a -Latin, account of the four voyages of Vespucci.
In this book,-published at St. Die in
Lorraine, Waldseemuller proposed
that the name 'America' should be given; to- the new-world, in -honor of Ves:
pucel.-wtiom he erroneously supposed
was the discoverer of the; continent."'
' '.'In -1508'-the firstengrayed map containing the new world-appeared in an
edition-of Ptolemy, printed at Rome;
but-this does not bear the name 'America.? ��� But .in 1509 this, name appears as"-if it were already accepted,
as a well-known denomination In. an
anonymous, work, entitled . 'Globus
Mundi;'' published at Strasburg."
. "The.map of the. world of, Leonardo
da' Vlncl, presumably issued, ih 1514,'
has* the name 'America' . across the
South American continent as. well as
the' North���^thus a. Dutch author and
an Italian ;artist ��� contrived, possibly
without malice, to rob.Columbus of at
least some of the fruits of his courage
and perseverance."���Detroit, News..
Arrested    on    Swiss    Frontier   After
Defying Police for Years  ,
A wealthy Frenchman, F. Bertrand,
described as a deserter, has been arrested at Geneva at a moment when
he hadjjractically one foot on either
side of the Swiss and French frontier
line, in a cafe that straddles- the bor;
der. The cafe is in the village of
Saint Julien on thc international
boundary. Part of the building is in
Switzerland and part in France.
Early in the war Bertrand settled
in Geneva where, his accusers aver,
he made a large fortune trading
with Qermany. He bought a villa
and several automobiles, and led a
life of ^ pleasure.' He said he was
more French than Gernj^n, and took
pleasure in speaking against France,
particularly in the cafe at" Saint
Julien where, safe on Swiss territory in one of the drinking rooms,
he could be overheard and even seen
by the French police in the rooms
on the French side;
There the French listened to his
annoying talk but, unable lo catch
him on lhe French side, thcy could
not arrest him. Bertrand boasted
that���when there was no police
about���hc would enter France aud
return without a passport.
Bertrand, after dining wcjl, 'crossed
the border by going from the room
on the Swiss side' to greet some j
friends. At the instant he passed
the line into France he was pounced
upon by two French gendarmes. He
put up a fight, but was, quickly subdued, handcuffed and carried away.
Suffered So Her
Hair Turned Gray
Husband of Winnipeg Woman Tells
About  Her Terrible  Experience
"I never would have believed any
medicine could bring about such a
change as Tanlac has done in my
wife," said Harry Gray, of 126 Bryce
St., Winnipeg, Manitoba.
"For many years she suffered from
stomach trouble and bilious attacks
which, of late, were so "violent that
she had to go-to bed for two or three
days at a time. She got to be very
thin and as weak as a child. She
had such terrible headaches and suffered so dreadfully, that though still
a young woman, her hair turned gray.
"But the way Tanlac helped her is
remarkable. She has gained fifteen
pounds and is the picture of health.
Tanlac is the finest medicine in the
world."
Tanlac is sold by all good druggists.
Activity in Building.
In-
Strained Muscles, Sprains,
Can Efe Treated Quickly
In minor sprains, the muscle is
strained a little and all that is needed
is a vigorous rubbing with Nerviline.
This draws the extra blood awaj^���and
permits the muscle to return to its
normal condition. The supremacy
Nerviline enjoys is owing to its penetrating power,rit strikes deeply, that
is why it removes deep-seated pains,
and fixes up folks that have Rheumatism, Lumbago, Neuralgia and
Sciatica. " There is about five times
the pain, destroying power in Nerviline than you find in the average liniment. Sold everywhere, 35c per
bottle.
Clothing the British Army
Nearly   a    Thousand    Million    Yards
Used to Clothe Soldiers During
the War
The clothing material ordered for
the British army during the war, was
not far short of a thousand million
yards, according to some figures that
have now been published. It would
be equal t'o about half a million miles,
enough to go twenty times round the
world.,      '      -
Of. this great total nearly 186 million yards of cotton fabrics for unp
forms and other clothing suitable for
eastern climates were bought,. while
64 million yards of "flannelette and ?>6
million yards of tent duck cotton were
other items. *    , .-'      -
, The, army's greatcoats were responsible for 89 million yards.of cloth and
nearly 81 million yards of serge were
required for "jackets, trousers, puttees
and so on; while more-thim 50 million
yards;of. tartan were used for clothing
our Scottish soldiers, -.'
/The .heading miscellaneous cloth
covers an item of 104 million .yards;
while for'use in hospitals and for underclothing-more than 276 [million
yards of flannel were required.
Recent Returns Indicate Heavy
crease Over Last Year
Building operations in Canada are
showing large expansion this year, according to the reports received from
fifty-six cities by the Federal Labor
Department. The returns for the
month of May just publishedr-indicate
an increase of 26.2 per cent, over
April and 32.6 per cent, over May of
last year. The value of building authorized in these fifty-six cities during
May was $17,565,326, compared with
$14,082,170 for April and $13,402,165
for May, 1921. The volume of building contemplated in all provinces ex-,
cept New Brunswick, Manitoba and
British Columbia showed considerable
gains during May. Quebec province
reported an increase of 51.3 per cent.,
from $2,619,710. for Apry to $3,963,598*1
for May; while Saskatchewan topped
the list in percentage gains by registering an .increase of 316 per cent.,
from $30*8,955 for April to $1,281,431
for May. Of the larger centres, Montreal and Toronto registered increases
in the value of permits issued as compared with both April, 1922, and May,
1921, Winnipeg and Vancouver showed
declines from April, but gains over
May of last year. Brandon, Moose
Jaw, Regina, Saskatoon, Calgary and
Edmonton reported considerable expansion over April and over May of
last year.
. Killed By Blood Poison
Used an old razor for paring his
corns. Foolish because 25c buys a
tbottie of Putnam's Painless Corn Extractor which for fifty years has been
removing corns and warts without
pain. No failure if you us* "Putnam's." Refuse, a substitute,. 25c
everywhere.
GUARD BABY'S HEALTH V
: _ ^ 7INTHE SUMMER
UNLESS you see. the.name.r"Bayer" on tablets, you.
T _.._.  are not. getting Aspirin at all
.Accept only an "unbroken package" of "Bayer Tablets of
Aspirin," which contains directions arid dose worked out My
physicians during 2S years and proved safe by millions for
Headache
Neuralgia
Lumbago
British-Firms for Canada
The campaign of Canada's Trade
and Commerce Department to attract
British branch factories to thc Dominion'is now being brought to ri close.
The net, results are that, re'presenta.-"
tives .of :-fo"iir important British firms
are actually in Canada for the.purpose'
of" locating -sites, while .fifteen.' other
con-panies have the matter' under --on-
sideration. Of these latter nine ry;
ten are expected to send men io look.
over, the ground in the. course of the
next year. .'   - . -.
-The summer months "are the most
dangerous '- tos children. The complaints. . of that- season, which- are
cholera infantum, eolic, diarrhoea and
dysentry, come' on so quickly that
often a little one is beyond aid-before
tho mother realizes' he. is. ill. The
mother, must be on her guard to. prevent these troubles,- or ..if,', they do
come :'on suddenly to banish ,them.
No other medicine is of such aid. to
mothers'during-hot weather -as is
-Baby's Own Tablets. " They regulate
the stomach and bowels and are absolutely-safe. Sold -by . medicine
dealers or by mail, at-25 cents: a box
from The"Dr.'Williams Medicine Co.,
Brockville, Ont..' '".'-'���
Speed of Fingers Differs
Right Hand Quicker and More Accurate Than Left
The fingers of your right hand are
quicker and more -accurate than
your left, says the Popular Science
Monthly.  - #
The ring finger on your left band
shows a burst, "of speed whenever it
can work with- the forefingers of your
right hand; and it slows down noticeably when it. must team^wilh the
middle finger of your left band;
. Two fingers .working together are
faster than one. going it alone. And
a combination, of two fingers on opposite hands is faster, than, two fingers
ion the same hand.
Practice, ��� while.' it increases the
speed of all fingers, tends to. increase
the rate of the slow ones more than
th o���fast-. ones, - thus - "overcoming���the
handicap of that one that lags naturally. -   "7  '���        -    x'"-
Britain's Military Strength
Reduction to Ninety Thousand Being Condemned by Press
The proposal that Britain's army
sliall be reduced to a strength of
ninety thousand of all ranks which is
to be made when the mixed commission of the League of Nations presents its report to the Council of the*-
League, in the near future, is being
generally condemned by the 'British
press, which thinks that the worldwide military commitments of Britain
makes it necessary for her to have an
army at least as large as that of prewar days. . - V
The army is already below what
some conservative critics regard as
the. minimum/but the agreement is.
warmly supported by Lord Esher, who
is the author largely responsible for
the scheme. The Sunday Express _
had a long and somewhat bitter ITrtl-1
cle denouncing Lord Esher as an
amiable but industrious nuisance and
it demands that he show his authority
for juggling with the military strength
of Britain.
CASTORIA
For jlnf ants and "Children
In Use For Over 30 Years
Always bears
the
Signature of
/���SW^Th
lifliif
TODAY
DISTRESS IN THE THROAT
CAUSED GREAT ANXIETY
Not an uncommon experience, was
that of Mrs. H. S. Wilniot/of Shulee,
N.S.: "Many remedies failed, still
splendid results were found in 'Catarrhozone.' I have been a most
dreadful sufferer from Bronchial trouble and Catarrh. . On damp days I
would hawk and suffer great distress
in my throat. I used all kinds . of
medicines but didn't get permanent
relief till I used Catarrhozone. " It
strengthened' my throat, stopped my
cough, and made me well." Try Catarrhozone yourself���see what ^wonders it . works on a bad throat, or
colds, catarrh, bronchitis. Different
from the old way, because you breathe
Catarrhozone. Gei the, dollar outfit
which includes the inhaler .and last
two months. _ Small size 50c. Dealers, The Catarrhozone Co., Montreal.
Buried Culture of the Past
Discover a Shrine Antedating the Cliff
. Dwellings      .-, ��� >
Discovery of a shrine and other unique ceremonial objects used in the
mysterious rites of a people believed
to be older than the ancient cliff-
dwellers has been made by "Dr. J. Wal-
ter-Fewkes, chief of the bureau of
American; ethnology, in excavations
near Far'.View House In the .Mesa
Verde National Park, Colorado; according to Information received by the
Smithsonian Institute at Washington.
-These finds are the result of the
field work just begun and. are expecl:
ed to be followed by others which
may throw more light and add much
to.the knowledge of the culture .which
is buried in the" past. t
f The most striking result of the digging Is a shrine on a raised dais on
the floor of a large ceremonial chamber. On the shrine idols, fetishes,
prayer sticks,', platter with corn, tobacco, etc., w;ere found as well as
twelve well preserved clay pipes unlike anything ever before found ln
these ruins. Two vases, one' representing a duck, are also among the
exceptional archaeological, collections
made. In a room barely five feet
long'beautifully. decorated-, pottery
radically different In ornamentation
from-that of tlie cliff dwellers was
found and'the indications are'that this
ruin belongs to an epoch older than
that of* the cliff dwellers.   ".
England Has Funeral Tax
Merely Revival of Old  Law Modified
In 1750
Among the new taxes with which
England is burdened there is one on*
funerals.
This is, however, merely the revival
of a tax that existed as early as in
1695. At that time every. burial, involved a fee to the state of $2.
In 1750 this law was modified and
the tax was based on the profession
of the deceased.
To bury a workingman $1 had to
be paid. The tariff exacted $5 for a
"gentleman" or his wife, $25 for a
doctor of law, $150 for a duke and
$250 for a bishop.���New York Trl- .
buhe.     .    " ',., -     ^   "
To "Manufacture" Eggs
London's newest industry will be
Sterilized Egg, Limited, .a company
which has just been granted a provincial charter for $100,000. Jt is
liead-ed by Dr. A. Roy Routledge and
has -secured the Canadian .rights for
manufacture or equipment which it is
claimed will keep eggs fresh for two
years.
 ,         y    ,
_,
"When you are hungry, keep still,"
says a doctor;  "movement will only
make your hunger grow."
rCZEMA
You are not
,V experlinent-
' I n g   w h c' a ���
you  use Dr.
L Chase's Oint
ment for Eczema and Skin Irilta-
-tlons". It relieves at once and gradually heals the skin. Sample box Dr.
Chase's Ointment free If you mention this
paper and send 2c. stamp for postage. 60c. a
box; all dealers or Edmanson,' Bates & Co.,
.Limited, Toronto.
MONEY ORDERS
Dominion Express Money Orders are on
sale in tire thousand offices throughout. Can.
ada.
BETING FOR SALE
��� New and used Belting of every description shipped subject lo approval,  Gin.  5- .
ply    new /.Rubber.   Betting-.    hlj-h    grade /
quality, at 40c per ft.    All others at low- /
est prices.In Caiiadft.���York Beltirfg Co.,
115 York St., Toronto, Ont. ,     ,
Colds
Toothache
Earache
Rheumatism
Neuritis
Pain, Pain
Haxidy *-Bajer- boxes of 12 tablets���Also, bottles of 24 and 100���Druggists.
"AjsHb !J tSe trade raark  fsvgist-rai; laCanada) of Bayer Xa&afaetsr.. of. Jtoa��-
Bisaaf.ftctare.-ia assist th* p-iMse-aeatost: ImltaUaufc %���-t�� u E��y��r Co.
W��U.b�� ttaajps-i with'tbeir s��*e*-s* triuje mark,-tha - Bayer cross.
��� Coiapiay
Poison in Mushroom Cap
Animals usually know what- is good
.for them-and squirrels will consume.'
the stalks of poisonous, mushrooms
without any apparent Ill-effects. The
cap of the plant is left. This suggests that the poison may be contained in the rejected portion, the escape
of the feeding squirrels not being due
to any special immunity. But the
subject requires careful investigation.
Mapping the Fiin-Fion District
Oil Deposits in Large Area-Will
.������".''���Investigated.'-
The Geological Surveythis-year has
a survey'parly, under the. direction of
Dr.. F. J. Al.cock, mapping in detail an
area, of about 50xsquare miles in
Northwestern Manitoba, including, the
Mandy ..copper',' deposit- and the Flin-
Flon gold-bearing area.around Elbow
Lake', " ��� The 'known.-ore"- deposits.- in
each area will be-also'carefully ..Investigated. It is intended to. provide
good jreolog.ical maps of "tlie areas in,
which' intensive prospecting"' is "being
carried on and . to jaccompany'- the
maps with reports indicating the character and mode, of occurrence of the
various ��� types ol ore deposits and the
extent of their development.
Minard's Liniment Relieves Neuralijla
A Sure Sign    "    ' ;
Editor.-���Do -you know how; to run
a newspaper?
Applicant.���No", sir.
Editor.���Well, I'll give you a trial.
I guess you've had experience.   '.
Cheaper Lumber
The -Mountain. .Luriiber Manufacturers' Association 'announces a reduction : of fifty cents per thousand feet
in the delivered prices of all principal
grades of lumber .in. order - that . the
benefit . derived from lower lumber
freight rates to prairie;points may.be
f passed on to buyers and. consumers
of lumber. . - Rate reductions will
average about 'fifty cents, per.thousand feet.      - -    .-'.. "   7      - '. 7
Figures oii the birth-rate in. sixteen
of the French Departments for. the
first quarter of the year show that the
death's exceed the births. -
-' V;   -    The Wretch!..    7 .-.
Conductor.���"Pardon , me,, madam,
but^ your girl".. seem3 7-more ' than
twelve."'    . '-:\'-'XX'        "V 7
Ker~ Mother .--'Conductor! Would
you take me to be the mother of a
girl that-age?" .
. Conductor.���"Lady   don't. tell   me
you're.her grandmother!"
Keepyotir
Shoe&'Afoaf
ShoePolishes
THE
HOUSEHOLD
QIHTMINT
^^
Siskin Di<f
Mile. Jeanne Lamar, France'^
champion boxer, stopped ., her male
opponent ia .a three-round bout held
ia Reading, Pa., recently.
No Family QuarreFs '
Great Britain need's Canada, as -Canada xieeds Great Britain, and in their
hearts the people of both countries
know IL Only by standing and .pulling together can the various members
of tbe .Commonwealth of British nations -fulfil their great destiny of heljr-
iag. as no other band of. nations can,
to bring about the unity and peace -of
the world.���London Times. xyxiMi
%
/
OTE     LEDGE.     GREeVvVOOD.     B.     C.
X 7
THREE PIECE SUITS
ARE VERY POPULAR
WORLD* HAPPENINGS
BRIEFLY TOLD
Measuring Electricity
.   The new ocean terminal at Ogden
Point, B.C.,' was officially opened Aug.
1 for the  shipping business offering
at' the port. "���
With an army of five thousand "hik-
���  ers" "General" Frank Riley hopes to
march againHo Ottawa at the begih-
"ning of .October.
It is rumored in Jamaica that a disastrous hurricane in-Cost Rica has
caused widespread destruction : of
the banana crop. ...
���"--'   The-local offices of the White Star
���   and Canadian TPacific Railway at Mos-'
cow, which were closed by the Soviet
���Government, have been re-opened.   ���
��� . ���   .    -      ������,-���.       ,/���
���-.-.��� Six millions-feet-of lumber,''valued at
���' $350,000 and Ntwo house's at Trout
Lake, North "Bay, Ont, were destroyed by fire.
A new Polish 7 Cabinet, headed by
Dr.. Julian Nowas, rector of the University of Cracow, as Premier, is
-gas^etted.
Infuriated at the sight of a red pail
containing blueberries, a bull tore
,down upon the "15-year-old son of Austen Reed, Waterville, Que., and inflicted serious injuries.
Authority has now been obtained
for renaming Avenue Du Bois De Boulogne as Avenue Marchal Foch, and a
further portion of the avenue in the
Bois iteslf as Avenue Marechal
'Pe:ain.
Designed to carry a torpedo weighing 3,500 pounds, to fly two miles a
minute, and to reach an altitude of
3,000 feet in six minutes; a new tor-
r>edo plane built for the British' Air.
Ministry has just undergone a searching test and satisfactory trial.
Questioned In the .House of Commons, London, regarding the interchange ' of teachers between Great
Britain and the DominlonsTa'represen-
" tative of the Government said arrangements had been made for recognizing the services of teachers going
to the Dominions.
Alberta has spent $450,000 this year
in the fight against" the' grasshopper,
��� accordiug to Hon. George Hoadley,
Minister of Agriculture. 'Just over
14,000 tons of poison has been used,
made up of 685 tons ot~molasses, G4-1
tons of arsenic, 6,233 tons of bran, 625
tons of salt and 5,871 tons of sawdust.
* Lieut. Tracy Lyons, aviation sec-
lion, U.S. army, and Augustus All-
-meyer, Jr., of Port Jarvis.vNA'., were
"burned to death""at PoTtTJarVis when
an airplane in which they were flying
crashed to earth. Breaking of a propeller caused the plane to take a fatal
nose dive.
Method Is Same As Used In Measur-
\ ing Water
The language of the electrician is
'Greek to most people' While he talks
glibly ot volts and amperes and watts,
they know only tha.t they have lo pay
an electric light bill fc>r so many units,
and let it go at that!
Though electricity'. is not a fluid,
most of its terms can be, compared
. with water flowing through a pipe.
] Xurn a stream of water onto the pad-
j dies of a water-wheel, the work that
the wheel will do depends upon two
things���the amount of water delivered every second and the pressure bf
tlie stream. The first is measured in
gallon^ and the second in pounds.      **
In the case of electricity, however,
the rate at which it flows is measured
in amperes and���its pressure in volts.
Thejwork' which it>will do is found by
multiplying amperes and volts together, which gives- the answer in watts,
or units of energy
The unit is 100O wattsV often called
a kilowatt, which is the electrical
equivalent of one horsepower.
You will find the number of watts
they require engraved on most electric'lamps, and from this you can discover what they will cost to use. A
25-watt lamp will use one'unit of 3000
watts in forty hours' burning.
The ohm Is another-, electrical instrument which can be understood by
a ccomparison' with water. .Water
flows easily through a large pipe, but
if the pipe is narrow, only a small
quantity can force its way through.
What the pipe is to water, the wire
'is to electricity. The smaller -{he
wire,.the more difficult electricity will
find it to pass, because the fine wire
resists its flow. Wires are measured by their resistance in,ohms.
CH-fM'
Safest!
. and best,
ranuty medicine ]
BOOK ON
/yfl^  \
DOQ DISEASES
$8r
nnd  How  to  Feed
Mailed   Free   to any
Address by tho
Author
America's
l'lonecr
Dos Remedies
H.   CLAY  GLOVER
CO..   INC..
129    West   24th   St,
New. York.   U.S.A.
Cook's CottOQ Root Compound
A *a/t. reliatoU renvlalin'g
mtdiemt. Sold ia tbrco ��Is��
proei c{ itrcngth���No. 1, JI ���
No. 2, S3; No. 8. J3 pet bo*.
Bala by all dru^eiits, or cent
Prepaid on rccoipt of pri.e.
're* psmphlel. Address;
THE COOK MEDICINE COj
709CHT0. OUT.  _F��rwr!y Kcfer.)
The  "Home  Comfort"   RANGE
i��   now   sold   to   the   user   direct   from   our
factory.
Thousands* of   these Range"   in  uso   ovor   20
jcars and still good Kanges,
-Bepairs for every Homa Comfort Hangs made
stnea 1SG4. ("ui.kly supplied.
3Tha Wrought Iron Range Co of Canada,
Limited
-1*9 Kins St. W. TOEONTO
Durable Roman Roads
Portions   Being   Unearthed   Compare
Favorably With  Modern Highway
In the third century the Roman rulers of England made a/road which
ran from Dover to London, and J hen
northward to York and Newcastle,
with branches leading to Chester and,
Carlisle.
They made is so well, laid its foundation so honestly, that a piece of it
that has been uncovered in Hertfordshire is pronounced by the county and
road surveyor to be as good as any
highway today. _
Give it an asphalt surface, he says,
and it would compare favorably with
U)e_best of modern'roads,-     , -   	
What a tribute to the work of those
Roman road-makers! What an encouragement to ail who are trying to
do faithful, durable work in any direction! ��
Watling Street was used for cenlur-
les,' then its surface began to bc covered up by the dust of ages. It fell
Into disuse; it was covered by meadows; it disappeared even from local
memory.
But wherever a piece of it is unearthed, as is happening now in Hertfordshire, there are-the foundations
firm and undisturbed by the centuries
lhat hare passed. Honest endeavor,
putting thc best of use into the day
task, never loses its value.
Mirtard's'Liniment for Dandruff
Exchange in Europe
Humorous   as   well   as remarkable
are some of tlie stories of the fluctuating rates of exchange in European
money. ' " '
An Englishman on his way from
Germany to Switzerland bought. a
"bottle of wine for 500 crowns in the
Austrian Tyrol. "After dring the wine
he kept the bottle, and on crossing
the Swiss border,, sold it for fifty centimes. A Swjssafifty centime -piece
is worth TOO'Austrian crowns, so thai
the Englishman not only got his wine
for nothing, but made 200 crowns".
Snakes Overturn Auto
John Speiton, a traveling salesman,
attempted' to drive bis roadster over
two king snakes engaged in deadly
combat in a road near Cape May, N.J.,
and had hjs car overturned into the
ditch for his trouble. The reptiles,
each measuring nearly seven feet io
length', became entangled in the steering gear and forced the car off the
road.   , Speiton was uninjured.
W.   N.   U.   143:
The United States post office uses
800,000    miles    of twine every year,
i enough to girdle the earth 30 times.
 : i_
Eiephants never ree&ver from pneumonia.
Grazing Privileges
About one hundred thousand head
of livestock���cattle, horses and sheep
���belonging to settlers and ranchers
In the prairie provinces, graze each
season on-Dominion forest reserves.
The grazing is regulated so as to give
all stock owners fair play and to utilize all the pastures to the fullest extent Without-injuring them by overgrazing.' ���''.....,'
YOUR STARVED NERVES
The   Cause   o'f   Neuralgia���Must   be
Treated Through the Blood
���' Neuralgia is the cix-of the nerves
for more and better blood, it means
that tlie nerves are being starved. Like
every other part of the body 1he
nerves receive their nourishment
through the blood. There is therefore no.doubt.that,Dr. Williams' Pink
Pills will prove beneficial even in extreme cases of neuralgia. These pills
Increase and enrich tlie blood supply,
carrying 7 to the nerves the elements
they need, thus driving away the
sharp, torturing pains which' nearly
drive the sufferer wild. ���, The benefit
given by Dr. Williams' Pink Pills in
cases of this kind is shown by the
case oi Miss Carrie V. Fletcher, Rav-
enscliffe, Ont., who saytfi'���"As - the
result of a severe wetting I got while
out in a rain storm, I was attacked
with neuralgia, from which I suffered
greatly, and ..which kept me awake
night after night: Although the pain
diminished somewhat, I began tp^cuf-
fer in other ways. My appetite wits
poor; I got thin and had no energy.
Indeed I was becoming a wreck of
my former self. I was advised to try
Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and I am
more than glad that I followed tbe
advice, for they have restored me to
my���old-time strength. I cannot recommend' the pills too highly and
hope other persons in poor health will
give them a fair trial.'"'
You can get these pills through any
dealer in medicine or by mail postpaid at 50 cents a box or six boxes for
$2.50 from yThe Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.
'Saskatchewan Coal Shipments
The coal mines of Bienfait, Sask.,
are maintaining weekly shipments in
excess of 2,000 tons, fifty-six cars leaving the past week with 2,116 tons. At
the five collieries there is a total of
165 men employed.
'.'COLD IN THE HEAD"
ib an acute attack of Nasal Catarrh.
Those subject to frequent "colds in tht
head" will find that the use of HALL'S
CATARRH MEDICINE will build up the
System and render them less liable to colds.
Repeated attacks of Acute Catarrh may lead
to   Chronic   Catarrh.
HALL'S CATARRH MEDICINE is tak-
en intrraally and acts thiough the Blood on
the Mucous surfaces of the System, thus reducing the inflammation and assisting Nature
in reitonns normal conditions.
All Druggists,       Circulars free.
_F. J. Cheney_&_Co.,_Tolcdo,-Ohio.-     	
There were 425,022 persons ten
years of age and over in the State of
New Y.ork" in '1920 unable to write
in any language. In;New York City
there    were    281,121    illiterates,    of
whom
whites.
.0,788
were     foreign-born
Asthma Can be Cured. Its suffering is
as needless as it is. terrible to endure.
After its many years of relief of the
most stubborn cases no sufferer can
doubt the perfect effectiveness of Dr.
J. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy. Comfort of-body and peace of mind return
with its use and nights of sound sleep
come back for good. Ask your druggist; he can supply you.
When the Auto Loses
Collisions at railway crossings continue. Most of these conditions are
the culminations of races between
(rains and autos ending iri a tie. Thc
train, however, always* succeeds in
knocking the auto off the .tracks, f<.r
no one has ever heard of an auto
knocking a train off the tracks. It
may therefore appeal-to some auto
drivers' sense of logic that in all such
cases a tie means that the auto1 loses.
���Ottawa Citizen.
A Martial Obligation'
"��� "I ' must .say those' biscuits ��� a re
fine!" exclaimed 'thei young husband.
-'However could you say those were
fine biscuits?" whispered his *mother
as the fair bride went to get more
from the kitchen. J
'" "I didn't say they were fine, mother," replied the' young man. . "J^mere-
ly said I must.say so."
Minard's Liniment for Burns, etc
Sweden , is    a    land of enlightenment; education is compulsory.
Irresistible Eyes ���
are those which are bright
and ��p��rlclfcig.    Keep yoar *Tes
' young and beautiful through the
ietiy -ae cf Murine. It has ttood
the test of time. At all drufgtsM.
This trelaine three piece^suit of
heater and^ canton- "crepe has the
slender lines so much desired at the
present time. -Tan. wool is used In
the'-embroidered motif, and the collar,
which is very unique, is faced with
crepe. \.    '7, _
Mothers _ Value .this Oil.���Mothers
who. know 'how suddenly croup may
seize their children and how necessary prompt action, is in applying relief, -always?keep'"at hand a supply.of
Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil, because experience has taught them that this is
an excellent preparation for the treatment ol this ailment. And they ;ire
���vise, for Its various uses render it a
valuable medicine.-
Export Saskatchewan Butter
SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSON
Between  25 and  30 Carloads Will  be
Sent to Britain this Vear
A representative of the Saskatchewan Co-operative Creameries has jus;.'
returned from Europe after ��� having
made'arrangements t<_ export the bulk
of the company's butter from Regina
to Great Britain direct, and it is expected that between 25 and '30 carloads will leave Kegina for the British
Isles this year. Four cars are already on their way to the Atlantic
coast.
-Most Travelled Woman
Has   Penetrated   Portions   cf   South
Africa Unknown to Explorers
Mrs. Charlotte Cameron, of Edinburgh, is the most traveled woman
of today, according to the Royal Geographical Society. She has just returned from a protracted sojourn in
the South Sea Islands. In 1910 Mrs.
Cameron covered 10,000 miles in
South Africa. Later she continued
her exploration of the da>k continent,
completely circumnavigating it and
penetrating i.ortlons hitherto unknown
even to explorers and scientists. (Dur-
Ing_the _war,' when-mosfc-.of-the-world
was closed to travel, .Mrs. Cameron
spent much time in Alaska. During
the past three years she has been in
South America, Australia and the
South Seas.
Paring a corn is both risky and ineffective. It is much better to use
Holloway's Corn Remover and eradicate them entirely^
LESSON FOR AUGUST 13
ESTHER  SAVES   HER  PEOPLE
Coin for League of Nations
The League of Nations recently
struck off one coin (franc-or), which
typifies the_ coin standard under which
all league calculations will be based.
It contains .3225S05 of a gram of gold,
90 per cent, fine, and Is -worth .192;")
of a dollar expressed in American currency,      y /_.",���
The coin Is octagonal; and carries
the inscription "S.d.N.1921," which
hieans "Societe des Nations." Only
one coin will be minted, since It will
be used merely as-a standard aad not
for circulation. - .   ���
Complete in itself, Mother Graves'
Worm Exterminator does not require
the assistance of any. other medicine
to make it effective. ��� It does not iail
to do its work.   -
X A Wonderful Scale
' The Bank of England has la use a
machine so delicately adjusted tint it
can give--the accurate weight of a
'speck of dust, whilst' the same machine will also weight metal up -to
four hundred pounds. A postage
stamp placed on this scale will swing
an indicator oa a semi-circle a space
of six inches.
Charles Baker, a British soldier, is
still living unhampered although he
has carried a bullet in his heart since
the battle of Gallipoli. ��  ���
At Alto, Crucero, in -Bolivia, water
freezes every night in the year, while
at noonday the -*un is sometimes hot
enough to blister the flesh.
Ghent, -in Belgium, is built on 26
islands,. which are connected by SO
bridges:' -
I. Hainan's Wicked Plot Against the
Jews (3:1-4:3).
1. The occasion of (ch. 3). Mor-
decai refused to bow down to Hainan
whom" the/ king had elevated to the
place of prime. minister and commanded that reverence should be
shown him-Joy all_ the princes and
servants. In order to get rid of Mor-
decai Hainan formulated a scheme
and secured the king's endorsement to
destroy all" the Jews.
2. Fasting and mourning among the
Jews (-1:1-3). In their distress they
sought the Lord. They did that
which all those who' believe in God
had a right to do (Jas. 5:13).
II. "Hainan Checkmated (4:4-7:10).
1. Plot made known to Esther (vv.
4-8). . jiordecai appeared before the
king's gate clothed in sackcloth. This
condition was reported to Esther by
heP maids and chamberlains. Upon
his refusal to put away mourning
Esther sent Hatach, her special attendant, to find out the cause of it.
2..Message to Esther (v. S). This
was in the form of a charge that she
go unto the king and make reauest
for her people.
3. Esther's hesitancy (vv. 9-12).
This,was on the ground of a certain
law which .made it a capital offense
for anyone to come into the king's^
presence unbidden unless the king
should extend clemency by holding
out the golden scepter. The fact that
Esther had not been called to come
in for thirty days would seem that
the queen was in disfavor.
4. Mordecai presses her obligation
(vv. 14, 15). (13) Her own life was
involved (v.. 13). She might meet
death if she went to the. king unbidden, but most certainly she, would
meet death" if she made no effort to
avert the danger, j Being^in.the king's'
house would not save hei*. for the' decree had been made against'.the. race
of which she was a part. Her silence
on this occasion would mean death.'
(2) She was not God's last resort (v.
14). He argues that deliverance
would come from another source.
God's work goes on and His purposes
are' fulfilled regardless of the decisions of men. (3) Reminds her that
she had probably been raised up for
this very work (v. 14). Every one
has been born and. prepared for some
definite work. God's providence
brings us--into the particular'circumstances where, we can most deflnitely
do His will.
5. Esther meets the call of duty
(4:15-5:3). (1) Preparation by fasting (v. 16). She instructed Mordecai
to gather together alf the Jews in
Shushan and fast for her for three
days and nights. She with her maids
presence of the king (5:1-3)." Having
did the same. (2) Went into the
made the decision to do her duty regardless of consequences, after due
preparation by fasting and prayer, she
presented herself in royal apparel in
the presence of the king. She decided tliat- the best thing she could do
was to lay her life on the altar. "If
I perish, I perish," ought to be the
watchword when face to face with
duty. (3) King's promise to Esther
(v. 3). He assured her that her desire would be granted even to the half
of his kingdom. s    -
6. Hainan hanged (5:4:7-10).
Esther was shrewd as well as courageous. She invited the king and his
prime minister to a banquet. At this
b/mqueirshe proposed_anothe~f~for~the
following day, at which time she
promised lo make known to the king
her request. Haman* went home
jubilant, but that night something occurred which turned the ''tide. The
king discovered that no reward had
been granted Mordecai for having
saved his life. Haman is compelled
to exalt Mordecai, and at the second
feast th,e queen revealed his wicked
treachery and he is ordered , hanged
on the gallows which he'had prepared
for Moredcai.      '
III. The Jews Delivered (chs. S, S).
Hainan   Avas " dead,   but the decree"
against the-Jews still stood. Esther
pleaded that it be reversed. While
il could not be reversed, through her
influence another decree was sent out
which in a large measure counteracted the first. The Jews everywhere were granted the privilege to
defend themselves and destroy their
enemies.' '      '   ���
Boy Scouts of the World
Number Nearly Two Millions Asserts
Baden-Powell
An international- congress of Boy
Scouts was presided over by Lieut.-
Generai Sir Robert "S. Baden-Powell,
founder of the Boy Scouts and Girl
Guides,' at Sorbonne.
The congress, which lasted a week,
had as its purpose the .adoption of
measures for intensifying the enrolment of boys 1 nscout organizations of
various countries into closer relation
with' each other.
General- Baden-Powell- .announced
that the membership ot the boy
scouts of the world was now neariag
the two million mark.
Canadian Bred '
Premier Oliver, of British Columbia, was boYn in Derbyshire, Premier
Greenwood, of Alberta, in Lincolnshire, Premier Dunning, of Saskatchewan, ia Leicestershire. But Manitoba's new premier was born in
Ontario. The old land is aot to be
given a monopoly of .western prs-
mierslvps.���From the Toronto-Star.
OLD CHUN
obacobcf Quality
Dog Receives Decoration
Saved Lives of NlnetyrTwo Persons in
Steamship Wreck
A fine collar' with cross attached
has arriyed at St. John, N.B., for
"Hero," a Newfoundland dog, owned
by Wm.7 Orm'.of that city, in recognition of his saving ninety-two lives in
the.'wreck of the steamship Ethiel ot
December 10, 1919, off. the coast of
Newfoundland. The' ; dog swam
through the big waves, taking a line
from shore to the ship" and by means
of this a heavier line was put aboard
and all saved.
The collar and cross are from the
Starry Cross "of Philadelphia. Mayor
McLellan has exempted "Hero" from
the local dog tax. >
Great Reservoirs of India
For conserving her water supply
there are to be found in India tremendous artificial lakes. At Dhcbar,
in the Rajputana Proviuee, for instance, there is a reservoir with a
superficial aera of 21 square miles;
the masonry dam measuring over
300 yards in length and 32 yards in
height. In Southern India, too, there
are several reservoirs over 12 square
miles in" area.
'     McMurray Tar Sands
Shipment. Sent to Britain to,Undergo
Extensive Tests
.'...' *     *���
. A car of the- McMurray tar sands
has been"shipped to Swansea, Wales,
this Veing the combination of 18
months of research by General Lindsay's chemists in London, Eng. A
variety of tests have been made in
England in addition to which processes for the extracting of oil from
the bitumen have been studied in both
France and Germany, and it is hoped
that the experiments on the new carload will be successful and result in
more extensive developments.
The Basis of Trade
If we take the countries of the
world we shall find that with few exceptions they do not produce. sufficient food for their own people, and
it may be said quite plainly that if
the general idea some people have,
that they ought to do so, were the.
case, the world's commerce would suffer an appalling setback. It is their"
interchange of commodities which is
the basis of trade.���Singapore Free
I Press.
Power of the Sun's Rays
The sun's radiant energy has been
estimated as being equal to that
which would be J required to pump
from the ocean -enough water to supply a Niagara 75,000 miles wide. To
equal the energy which the earth receives from the sun would call for a
row of Niagaras encircling the earth
three times, with every foot-pound of
energy utilized In electric horsepower.
Alcohol, it is" predicted, will in a
few years replace gasoline as fuel for
motor-cars.
Dl APIf 100% PROTECTION FOR LIFE
n l_ HI ��� fl        from one vaccination with
���*��WI* Cutter's liquid  or Solid
a-  ap jfr. Blackleg! Adtfressin. Abso-
������   B��a Iutely safe Cutter's Solid Atijr-s-
��� ���   ������ sinlw'ectorsworkjustlik.Btacldcs:
��� ���   Wm Pill Inicrtors. IF Cutter's Aggressia
m*imM ^H is unobtainable locally, write
The Cutter Laboratory
44 The J-ab.rat.ry that Xtmpj /T��w**
Berkeley (U.S.License)  California
N.B.���Old Style Powder and Pill Vaccines still made
i'or those who prefer than.
MEAL
mmm
lBS.n .���^f *-��
TOE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.
THE LEDGE
Is ��2.00 a year strictly in advance, or
$2.50 when not paid for three months or
more have passed. To Great Britain and
the United States $2.50, always in advance.
G. W. A. SMITH
Lessee
ADVERTISING RATES
Delinquent Co-Owner Notices $25.00
Cc:u and Oil Notices    7.00
Satray Notices ''. 3.00
Cards of Thanks    1.00
���Certificate of Improvement  12.50
(Where more than one claim appears in notice, $5.00 for each ad-
ditional claim.)
���.���  All other legaradvsrtlsing,   12 cents a
line first insertion, and 8 cents a line for
sach   subsequent    insertion,    nonpariel
-Measurement.
Tratiscient display advertising 50 cents
an inch each insertion.
Business locals  I2_4c,  a line each insertion.
Labor Day at Rock Creek
The United Farmers' are making
great preparations for tho Labor
Day Celebration to be held at
Rock Creek on Monday, Sept. 4.h.
Posters giving full information are
now being printed. Four baseball
teams will compete for the ��50
prize. There will be horse racing,
foot races, swimming, tug-of-war,
trap shooting, etc., etc. The day
will wind up with a big dance in
the Co-Operative Hall.
A Silent Parrot
u
i Rye For Seed
We can fill your orders now
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited V
Office, Smelting and Refining Department i-.y
/   .'-..   -  TRAIL, BRITISH COLUMBIA 7 V
SMELTERS AND REFINERS
Purchasers of Gold, Silver, Copperhead and Zinc Oresx
_ Producers  oi   Gold,    Silver,   Copper," ,��� Pig  Lead   and Zinc   7
"TADANAC" BRAND ;   ;';
Put your energy into
ment today rather than
grots tomorrow.
achieve-
into re-
Tni*. impudent man reflects on
what he has said; the wise man on
V7h:-ifc he is going to say.
Facts, figures and statistics are
available in almost every industry
to prove that business generally is
gathering momentum.
A lowly but not very humble
parrot is responsible for many
highly numerous scenes in Sidney
A. Franklin's production, "Not
Guilty." Director Franklin managed to get the bird into the spirit
of the picture, and the bird's curious expression which the camera
caught as he watched the actions
of the players are said to be very
laughable. Watch for his appearance at the Greenwood Theatre on
Saturday, Aug. 12th.
Send Your
BOOTS and SHOES
XX:.:-,     i-'Xiy To       V     y
GEO. ARMSON, Grand Forks,
the 20th Century Shoe Repairer
All work and. material guaranteed. .We
���   pay postage one way.-fTermsCash..
Xi
ASSAYER
DR. J...M, BURNETT
Physician and Surgeon
Residence Phone 69
GREENWOOD, B.C.
Somebody wonders why men
never kiss each other while women
are always doing it. The men
have something better to kiss^and
the women haven't.
The first radio concert was held
ia Greenwood last night by  a torn
But with
can "tune
you don't
the other
chance   of
TRUCK   FOR   HIRE
BY    DAY   or   CONTRACT
Wood For Sale
Second Hand Pipe, Rails,  Mining Cars
and other Mining Equipment
Reasonable Prices
Apply to J. VV- Clark. Pacific Hotel
Excursion
Fares
Return
To Vancouver and
o   -        ���
ACCOUNT
Vancouver   Exhibition
FARE AND ONE-THIRD RETURN
Tickets on sale, August 17fch to August 25th.   Betarn limits
August 29th.    Through train  Nelson-Vancoaver  via   K.   Y.
Railway.    Tickets and sleeper berth   reservations   from   any
agent, or write . -7 ������    \; ��� '
J. S. CARTER,
~     District Passenger A_.ent> Nelson, pC   f
ffl Wil'l *��MMM
cat   on  a back  fence.
this disadvantage���you
out" a radio concert if
like   it.     Though   on
hand,,   you    have   a
"getting" the cat with a brick or a
boot. 	
Because of the great loss of life
and property damage by fire dur
ing the past decade, the Dominion
Government, by proclamation, is
calling upon all Canadian citizens
to exercise special care and to
observe October 9th as fire prevention day. According to the- pro
clamation, citizens will be required
to inspect ���their dwellings and to
remove all conditions likely to
cause fire.^ The inspection iB also
to apply to factories, public buildings, warehouses, theatres, hos-
' pitals and other institutions.
". .Collisions at railway crossings
, continue.  'Most of these collisions
are the  culminations of races between trains and autos ending in a
."tie.    The train, .however, always
succeeds in knocking . the" auto off-
the track,   for no   one   has   ever
heard of an auto knocking a train
oil  the  track.     It may therefore
appeal to some auto-drivers' sense
of logic that in all such races a tie
meaus that the.auto loses.    IdioW
who race trains haven't any sense
- of logic, or any other kind of sense
for that matter. ,
Says an exchange, "We wonder
at times if a he-flapper doesn't,
yearn to dress in something^ that
7 will reveal his ankles.". Friend,
your not observing-���at least riot of
he-flappers". Been spending .too
much time and eye-strain, prob :
ably,:on the flappers,of-the "she"
��� persuasion. Or ypn'd_have.noticed
'..' -that .the he .flapper, not only- yearns,.
'7 but gratifies" his. yearning,-:- by get-.
��� .fcihg trousers' three inches too short,
" rs.r,.d theln.turn ing np three; inches
- of cuff;    But we?ve; never been able:
;4o .work  up  as-much interest in
'horn lis in the other kind. ,7-..'5e".
7...���inkles' .aren't a.   bit   fascinating.
. .\rot evon whenV.clothed in .shriek-
. iugsilk socks.-/-" 7 '".,   .-'���  ..' ���-���/'���'
Conservative Meeting
.' At a well. attended, meeting o'f
the-Conservative party., at the 'Co-
Operative Hall, TRo.ekV Creek j. last
Friday with John Docksteader in
���the'chair- .arid..Caj>t.;'Davis,:sec,
pro ..tern, -the ��� following -delegates
were-appointed-VVGreenwood, D.
McTntosh, "A'. J. Morrison, Mrs. "W.
B.; Fleming. Midway; Miss Gladys
..Jackson,.Frank Roberts. -Kettle
Valley; Capt." and Mrs. Davis.
Sidley;. Mir.- and Mrs.VJ. -F.-;Leigh-
ton.7    -. 7.O. /���.'   .-',. :'������'���.-. -' ���-"'-. "
y    V;Boy Scouts .���;'���'���-���,-/
7 i Troup meets. on:Wediiesday at
7,p.m..' ,7
, ���'-.'' \-   '       -'"-CUBS  "���    ..    .
": The Cubs will.meet,this week
at the usual place . on Thursday
at 7 p.m. instead; of Saturday.
-i
SEMI-READY
Tailored ^Clothes
Men's Stuts and Overcoats
-g   A fine range of samples-to select
:|. from.     {Just armed;}   .7.
��   Now on view at ���'���'���'
I    7V THOMAS
i Tailor asi Cleaner
i Greenwood
&*
IN the past three^ years Canada exported forest
products to the amount of $660,000,000, and
there are still left great forests of Douglas fir, pine
and spruce pulp wood���enough, if carefully preserved, to supply al great trade throughput an in-"
definite future. For more than a century the Bank of
Montreal has been co-operating in the development
of'Canada's trade in forest products.
Established over IOO years
7 -A Complete Banking .Service,
.7.- .Branches Throughout Canada
MJS~=^^^W^?
Summer Excursion Fares
To Eastern Points
St. Paul, Minneapolis or Duluth          .
'���:���% 72-00
Chicago        '-'-..-       .. ;���.,,    .       .    .
86.00
Detroit              ��    '      .           .      * "V
105.65
Toronto
113.75
Ottawa      '     ".           .""         .    *""."���.
127.95
Montreal       ,..'���"-������       ��� ���-.        '  .
132.75
Quebec               V        '-.;       _  .          "_""
141.80
St. John          - .-���         .           .     ���' "��� .
160.30
Halifax              .            .            .            .
166.95
New York         .           .           V          .
.     147.40
XJ��.Vf'X WiDDOWSbiJi, Assayer and
Chemist, Box. biio8. Nelson. ;:B. C.
Charges:���Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead 7
"% 1.2S v.eas&VGdia-Silver .'��� J1.75." -Gold-;
Silver with Copper or Lead $3.00. -Sil-
-ver-Lead $2;oo. Silver-Lead-Zinc $3.06-.
Charges; ��� for- other metals, etc., oh ap-
plication.,;      ..'   V--:V7V7 X'X-xi _.-
Synopsis of
Land Act Amendments
first-class   land
second-class, to
On Sale, May 25 to 31 August. Return Limit, 31 Oct
Many optional routes, via Great Lakes or through
California at slightly higher: fares."-: Stopover en route
. Rates'.'to1'""''many other ,Jpoints;7  DetiilsCl^iJtt^iiy;
agent.or write..--       .[���>��� 7 ���-," '7'7   ' r,VVv ,.yX   ^VV^
District Passenger Agent, Nelson; B.fr
���   " * '��� ,-    - ���'. ���    '' *" '���..'-���/*.' .'.'������   -'.. ."   ��� XXXJ  "   ���      --' '***��� '"-������ ������������-.        .  :
w
lomerPRICE
stion
���|> R=E A K FA S T;; is; to" p
J3 qften/;eaten as .a.duty-
rather chan-.a joy." The sue-"
cess of the day may ;He-.
pend   upon: the. .spirit :of.
' breakfast.   .Here are some
. breakfast .dishes"- that" will"
stimulate the. most .critical.
'appetite.   -.''"'-., ;;. .-*'���'.���-     7
,.{All measurements -for., all
,XX: mxteriqlsXare'level.) '.:-.. -
'- "'' '.\,' -'MUFFINS     ;���    ::" ��� :.
2 cups flour   -' ' '.
3-teaapoons Dr. Price's - .-.'
.    - Baking Powda"'       .    7' ���"
1'tablespoon sugar
��� _���_! teaspoon salt- .   ���.
. - 1 cup milk       ,   - -  -
2.egg"s'   -    *
��� I tablespoon shortening
-Sift together flour, baking powder,
sugar and salt;, add milk, vrell-
beaten eggs and snelted shortening;  inix ivell.   Half fill  greased'
���-muffin tinsand bake in hot oven
������ 20 to 25 minutes.-   "
corn -Weal muffins -
5 i cup com meal
1.-_ cups fiour ������      "
4 tsaispoo--3 Dr. Price's   �����   *
Baking Powder
J^ teaspoon sa!t
2 tablespoor.3 sugar
1-cup -t.Uj-
2 tabJespcons shortaaag
legg      ���
Sift together corn meal, flour, bating .powder, salt and suear; add
mils., nicked shortening and wcK-
beate-3 egg; mjx treii. Half fill
preasc-i muiSn.tins with batter and
bake about 33 minutes in'hot oven.
���9R*
CREAM
Made from Cream of Tarter/derived
from Grapes.-, Produces food titat i*
fine in .flavor, even in texture, delicious asd wbolesome* "
MADE IN CANADA
DATE MUFFINS
H cup butter   ' "
, .l""egg
7 2 cups flour
..- 2 teajpooa* Dr. Price'*
"' Baking Powder
li tesipoott aalt   "
% cup milk .
J. lb. dates
Cream;butter,, add beaten egg,
then flour, baking powder and salt
which have been sifted together,
and milk. At the last stir in dates
which have been pitted and cut
into small pieces. Bake about 25
minutes in greased gem pans in hot.
oven; If a sweet muffin is desired,
add J4 cup sugar to dry ingredient.
-      COFFEE CARS
2 cups Sour -.
-��_ teaspoon safe '���   -  . "
." 3 tablespoon* rajar
:  4 teaspoons Dr. Price'*
,7 ':."' Baitics Powder
2 tabiespoocs shortening
?S cup milk
Mix and sift dry ingredients; add
.melted shortening and enough
milfc to make very stiff battetv
Spretd }4 inch thick in greased
pan; add top mixture. Bake about
30 xninutes in moderate oven.
TOP MIXTURE
2 tablespoons floor'".
1 tabfcspoca camacjoa
3 tablespoon* sugar
3 tabl^occashorterang   .
Mix dry ingredients; nib in chest*
ening.and, spread thkkiy over isp
cf dough bdbre baling.
Send for FREE Cook Boak^TahleandKitchenrt-U9 Note�� thme Eg^Wwwpeg*���asi.
CAMPERS
The woods are: yours
to enjoy, but only if
you keep them green
PUT YOUR
FIRES OUT
PALACE AUTO LIVERY AND STAGE
. W.* H. DOCKSTEADER. PROP-
Auto Sfcage twice daily to Midway  meeting Spokane, Grand
Forks and Nelson train, leaving Greenwood at 81 a.m. '
For Oroville, Wenatchee and Princeton leaveB Greenwood, 3 p.m.
Fare $1.50 Each Way.    Hand Baggage Free.    Trunks Carried.^
Express and Heavy Drayin?.        - Auto's for bire Day or Night
We carry Tires. Oils, Greases. Hay aad Grain
Office Phone 13. Residence Phone 3L
���Minimum price oE
reduced to'$5..an acre;
$2.50 an acre.   ...V"'''".���'.. XX..
Pre-emption now   confined   to sur- -,-'.
veyed'lands only. ��� "���'���������"".   ;".
Records will be   granted covering'.--,
only* land suitable   for    agricultural   "
purposes   and    which  is   non-timbier
land. : ���*.'���. ' : ���   ���
. Partnership'pre-emptions abolished
but parties of "not more than four may
arrange for adjacent pre-emptions
with joint residences, but each making
necessary improvements on respective
claims.
Pre-emptors    must  occupy    claims
for five   years   and   must make   im- _
provements to value of $10 per acre, "-
including clearing and cultivation of
at  least   S  acres,    before receiving
Crown Grant.
Where pre-emptor in occupation not
less than 3 years, and has made proportionate improvements, he may because of ill-health, or other cause, be
grantecLintermediate certificate of improvement and transfer his claim.        ������
Records without permanent residence
may be issued, provided applicant
makes improvement to extent of $300
per annum and records same each
year. ��� .Failure to make improvements
or record same ,will operate as ^ forfeiture. Title cannot be obtained in
less than 5 years, and improvements of
$10.00 pe"r acre, including S acres cleared and cultivated, andresidence of at
least 2 years are required.
Pfe-emptors holding Crown Grant
may record another pre-emption, if he
requires land in' conjunction 'with his
farm, without actual occupation, provided statutory improvements, made
and residence maintained on. Crown
granted land.
Unsurveyed areas not exceeding 20
acres, maybe leased as homesites; title
to be obtained after fulfilling residential and improvement conditions.
For grazing and industrial purposes
areas exceeding v 640 _acres  may   be'.
leased" by one person or conyjany.
���  Mill, factory or industrial sites on   -
timber land not "exceeding   40   acres -
may be purchased; conditions include
pavment of stum page. -* -
Natural hay meadows , inaccessible
by existing roads may .be purchased
conditional upon construction of a road
to them. Rebate of one-half of cost of "
road, not exceeding half of purchase
price, is made.  . _ ....
PRE-EMPTORS'  FREEliGJRANTS ACT
The scope of.this Act is. enlarged to~
include all persons joining and serving
with His Majesty's Forces.   The time
in which the heirs of devisees of ,a deceased pre-emptor may apply for title
under this* act is extended from one *
year from the death of such person, as
formerly, until one year- after -the conclusion of.the present war.   This priv- ���
ilege is made retroactive.        '        - -
;No fees relating to pre-emptions are
due or payable by~soldiers on pre-emptions recorded  after June 26.\ 1918.
Taxes are remitted for five years.
Provisions for return of moneys accrued, due and been paid since August
4,1914, on account of payments, fees or
taxes on soldiers' pre-emptions.   ���
Interest on agreements to purchase
town or city lots held by members of
Allied Forces, or dependents, acquired
direct or indirect, remitted from en- ���
listment to March 31st, 1920.
SUB-PURCHASERS OF CROWN LAND ~
- Provision made ' for insurance, of -
Crown' Grants to sub-purchasers of
Crown _ Lands, acquiring rights from
purchasers who failed to complete purchase, involving forfeiture, on fulfillment of conditions of purchase, interest
and taxes. * Where_sub��purcbasers~do"
uot claim whole of original parcel, purchase price due and taxes -may be distributed proportionately over whole
area. Applications must be made bv
May 1,1920. - -     ~
GRAZING
Grazing Act, 1919, for systematic development of livestock industry provides for grazing districts and range
administration. under Commissioner.
Annual grazing permits issued based
on numbers ranged; priority for established owners. Stock owners may form -
Associations for range' management.
Free, or partially free, permits for
settlers, campers or travellers up to ten
head.   '
BRITISH    GOLUMB/A
The Mineral Province of Western Canada
Has produced Minerals valned as follows: placer Gold, 876,177,403; Lode
Gold, $105,557,977; Silver, $55,259^85; Lead 848,330,575; Copper, $166,393,488;
Zinc, 821,884,531; Coal and Coke, $225,409,505; Building Stone, Brick, Cemenl,
X $34,072,016; 'Miscellaneous    Minerals,.   $1,210,639;    making   ita    Mineral
.. Production to tbe end of 1921 show
An Aggregate Valise of $734,259,619
���Proiinctionfortfie Year Ending December, 1921, $28,066,641
, - ' �� ������ *
The  Mining   Laws of this Province are more liberal, jmd the fees lower,
t th*an those of any other Province ia ihe Dominion, or any Colony in She British
' Empire. """ ,
Mineral locations are granted to discoverers for nominal fees.
Absolute Titles are obtained  by developing such properties, the eecurity >
of which is guaranteed by Crown Grants.
Full information, together with Mining Exports and Maps, may be obtained
graSs by addressing���
- ��� '.   V -       TP H0K- THE MINISTER OF MINES
VICTORIA, British Columbia.

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