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The Ledge May 15, 1913

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 B-Jji-h^^jt,  ���������i~tT*ia*-M*aiMillU,-K*������inrttsu.u  *<***<W*--J'  ,:-.������������������ *..<' <* .,'���������"*���������,.  '--��������� <������- ���������  ��������� ������*:.-t������������rai.������v  "��������� ���������'-. ..i<- jLn-���������*?"?=*��������� -���������>������.���������..  ������.���������   .^    Vic*. ,/.������.-},   ���������>.,  THE OLDEST  MINING  CAMP  NEWSPAPER   IN  BRITISH  COLUMBIA  4y>0  ~"1  "A  Vol.   XIX.  QREENWOOD, B.' C., THURSDAY, MAY 15  1913. .  TXTTjT  Filiation.  If you begin to tire of the decoration of your  rooms it is easy to remedy the trouble,,  .    . A few dollars will often transform a faded,  ugly room into one of. Beauty,  You will surely like our showing of  New Goods  No. 44  Screen Dooors, $2 and $.25.  Adjustable "Window Screens, 45c  and 40c  Screen   Wire   by   the   yard,   all  widths  Poultry Netting,   J/An mesh, 24  and 30 inches wide  Spring- Hinges for screen doors  Tents,    Fishing    Tackle;    Fire  Arms and Sporting Goods  fAround Hornet  in  I  L.  [r'*'-55*--1*-5*-5-'^^  B       Baa  Stove and Furniture Man  Phone 16   Greenwood, B. C.  | List Your Property  :'���������  For Sale or Rental  WITH  GOODEVE   <&   MACDONALD  Mining Brokers, Real Estate & Insurance Agents  . OPPOSITE WINDSOR HOTEL, GREENWOOD  Something Dainty  for Tea ?  AH Right-Phone L126  i  William C. Arthurs  THE  BREAD &  CAKE  BAKER  Vienna Bakery, Greenwood  Greenwood's   Big  Furniture  Store  We have just opened up a shipment of  The line we handle are built on the  most approved  principles and give satisfaction every time.  Prices from $13,50 to $28.50,  T. M. GULLEY & Co.  Opposite Postoffice. GREENWOOD, B. C. Phone 27  WALTER   G.   KENNEDY  GREENWOOD,   B.   C.  ATTRACTIVE JEWELRY  has seldom been gathered in such  an extensive display as the one we  are now showing. We know you  will become interested. Not only in  | THE ODD DESIGNS  but with the prices that we have  placed upon the articles.  If you want to see the prettiest  Chains, Lockets, Brooches, Pins  and Stone Set Jewelry ever shown  in this town, come now.  WHOLESALE   AND   RETAIL  j iu, I'm'' win ion  A. LOGAN & Co.  GREENWOOD.      -     B. C.  t*  A Full Stock of First Class Pipes.        Pipe Repairs  a Specialty.  noons to let  In the Swayne House, Silver  Street. Clean, private and comfortable room1* in a quiet locality  at reasonable rates. Hot and cold  baths free to guests.  THE CANADIAN BANK  OF COMMERCE  SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L., President  ALEXANDER LAIRD JOHN AIRD  General Manager Assistant General Manager  WANTS. Etc  Fok Sale. ��������� Light, medium  and heavy wagons. Kinney's  blacksmith shop and wagon factor}*, Greenwood.  CAPITAL, $15,000,000 REST, $12,500,000  TRAVELLERS' CHEQUES  Issued by The Canadian Bank of Commerce enable the traveller to  provide himself with funds without delay at each point of his journey in  a convenient yet inexpensive manner. They are issued payable in every  country in the world in denominations of  $10,   $20,   $50,   $100,   $200  with the exact equivalent in the moneys of the principal countries stated  on the face of each cheque. They are economical, absolutely safe self-  identifying and easily negotiated. &a  SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT  A, H, MARCON   -   Manager of Greenwood and Kock Creek Branches  Lumber For Sale,���������Apply to  Mark Christenson, Boundary  Falls.  For Sale.���������Egg's for hatching, from pen's of Barred Rock's,  82.00 per' setting; S. C. W. Leghorn's, $1.00 per setting. Infertile eggs replaced. S. C.'B.  Minorcas, settings limited. Also  a few, day old chicks from these  matings. A. R. Roycc, Greenwood,  Bank of Montreal  ESTAI1LISHED 1817  Capital, all paid up, $16,000,000    Rest, $16,000,000.  UNDIVIDBD   PROFITS,   fB02,BI4,94  Hon. President: Lord Strathcona and Mount Royai*,, G. C. M.G.  President: R. B. ANGUS, ESQ.  Vice-President and General Manager: II. V. Mrrsdith, Esq.  Branches In London, Eng, {ffl^'&^liwYorkChiciigo,  Buy and Sell Sterling Exchange and Cable Transfers.    Grant Commercial and  Travellers' Credits, available in any part of the world.  SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT I"^^^,iJ^,lt  Greenwood Branch   - 0. B. Winter, Mgr.  mmmmsmmmm  On "Wednesday and Thursday  evenings of last week the Auditorium was again given up to moving  pictures. The pictures were excellent, boing remarkably clear and  distinct. Something quite ont of  the common was the grand spectacular drama A Romance of Hearts  in two parts in which the story and  acting were wonderful.  Olaf Larson, working in a millinery warehouso, backed into an  elevator shaft and fell five stories  with a load of boxes. .Horror-  striken, the employees rushed down  the stairs, only to lind him picking himself unharmed out of the  rubbish.  *' 'Ess de boss mad?" he whispered cautiously, "Tal ,em Ay had to  como down for nails anyway."  Phoenix still has a large number of tinhorns;  Mrs. W. C. Arthurs is visiting  friends ia Nelson.  The prize list for. the Fair will  be issued in June.  Five inches of   show   fell  Phoenix on Monday.  Mrs. Lester McKenzie is visiting frieuds in Vancouver.  Mr. and Mrs. Alex Greig are  visiting relatives in Weyburn,  Sask.-  Thc front of the Miner's Union  hall has, been painted red and  green.  Mrs. Harry Shaffer has returned from visiting Mrs. Brown  in Creston.  Your old pipe may be made like  uew at a small cost, send it to  W. G. Kennedy.  W. Jenks. has planted 2,000  more strawberry plants on his  ranch up the hill.  The Arbor Day was a great  success, aud the cityis iu a state  next to Godliness.  Business is picking up in Eholt  since the steam shovel gang  reached that town.  F. F. Ketchuni is spending a  brief,and pleasant holiday in the  red metal metropolis.  There are a few cases of typhoid fever in the city, none of  which have ended fatally.  Next mouth David Oxley will  take over the Union hotel at  Eholt from John McKellar.  H. C. Williams is acting as  constable in Carmi, until P. Pentecost returns from Soap lake.  G. A. Rendell is now postmaster in Eholt- D. R. McElmon  havingretired on the first of the  month.  Harry Hook of Napoleon, is in  town for a few weeks, assisting  Rowland King in the assay, office  at the smelter.  Owing to decline in butter  prices we are selling Curlew  Creamery at 40c lb. L. A. Smith  & Co., Anaconda.  Union service will be held in  the Presbyterian church next  Sunday, May ISth, at 7:30 p.m.  Rev. J. R, Munro will officiate.  At Midway Mr, Kinneberg and  several other widely known  horsemen are training their  steeds for the races on the 24th.  George Hambly is tending bar  at the Pacific, during the absence  of Alex Greig, who is attending  the Baptist conference in Weyburn.  Strawberries, lettuce, spinach  and green vegetables of many  kinds arrive at the store of L. L.  Matthews every Monday and  Thursday.  Fresh strawberries received  daily. Lettuce, rhubarb, cucumbers, asparagus, Florida Grape  Fruit for Saturday. L. A. Smith  & Co., Anaconda.  W. A. Keith succeeded in  reaching Beaverdell last Thursday by thc auto route. Wave  does not expect to enjoy city life  until a mantle of white adorns  the scenery.  Ed Rippeto and Charles Demp-  sey will spend the summer on  their ranch at Fish lake. Their  friends are always welcome to  call and get a feast of cream and  strawberries,  Last Friday night in Grand  Forks twenty-five new members  were admitted to the Scandin-  ayian Society. About twenty  brothers from Phoenix assisted  in the ceremony.  L. L. Matthews has sold his  grocery store and wishes to thank  all his customers for their patronage, and solicits a continuance of  the same for his successor. For  a time at least the business will  be conducted under the name of  Brunswick, and had lived with  her husband in Greenwood lor  seventeen years. She . leaves a  husbaucr, two brothers and two  sisters to mourn her loss. The  funeral took place in Greenwood  Wednesday afternoon, services  being held in the Presbyterian  church, and was largely attended  by the many'friends of deceased.  Western Float  A GOOD PRODUCTION.  amateur dramatic clujs scorn* nici  SUCCESS.  Greenwood   has    always    been  proud of its amateurs and last Saturday night saw the Auditorium  well'filk'd with an expectant crowd  which was not disappointed.    The  occasion was the annual entertainment given by the Greenwood Amateur Dramatic Club and though  the performances given by this body  in the past have always been more  than meritorious it is safe to say-  that   the   Society   this   year   has  eclipsed all previous records.    The  "piece de resistance" was a  three  act comedy  "All A Mistake"   and  from the rise of the curtain to the  end the audience was kept in roars  of laughter.    F. W. McLaine who  undertook   the  exacting   role   as  Lieut. George Richmond  was perhaps the most notable figure, but he  was well supported by the other  members of the cast.    E. E. Red-  path portrayed Capt. Obadiah Skinner, a. retired sea captain, and took  it well, while C. B. Winter as Ferdinand Lighthead  was perfection  itself and performed this  difficult  role like   an   old stager.    R.   N.  Loring as   Richard   Hamilton,   a  country gentleman, was equally at  home.    Of the ladies, Mrs. H. C.  Cummins scored a great success as  Cornelia   Skinner   and her love-  making and forty-six letters  were  acts of perfection and which won  for her the applause and appreciation bf the audience.    Miss Shaw  and Mrs L H. Johnson were happy  There are no empty houses in  Hedley.  A brass band has been organized  in Molson. ���������   ���������  W.  0.  Smith died in Dawson  last month.  There are eight typewriters in  New Michel.  In  "B.C.   the pay of jurymen is  now S3 a day.  A public school has been opened  at Dragon lake.  Dr. Hendley has opened a dental  office in Marcus.  Several houses are being built in  the town of Hope.  The Russell   House in  Golden  has been enlarged.  Postoffice money orders are now ������"  10-_ruu������-uB ������  "���������������   P*g   ���������������  sued in BrulflRvilifl. I Prmce ^Pert;    H������   ������PPe*lBd   the  case and is out on $o00 bail  15,000 trees will be. planted this  month.  Frank Carel has pub two big  wagons on the stage route, ��������� between Burns Lake and . Fort  Fraser.  J. Bates, formerly manager of  the Abbotsford. creamery, has been  appointed customs officer at Upper  Sumas.  Dr. McLean has severed his  connection with the Hazelton hospital, and gone south to follow hia  profession.  As the result of a runaway accident near Chase, provincial constable Harris is laid up with a  broken leg.  David Good is spending a fow  weeks in Edmonton. He intends  to sell his pack horses and settle  on a ranch near Kelowna.  T. Gyr was given six months in  jail  for  running a  blind   pig   in  in their representations while Miss|cioaed  Mansfield as Nellie Mclntyre was  without doubt clever.    This local  company achieved a great success  and it is generally felt that the success which attended their efforts on  Saturday night was more than well  deserved.     Mrs.  Oliver officiated  at the piano in a very acceptable  manner and Mr.  McCurrach rendered a solo which  was vyell received.    Again we say  well done  and we hope they will make these  productions a quarterly affair in  stead of annually.  Eggs are thirty-five cents a dozen  iii New Westminster.  Beaver    is    plentiful    between  Fairview and Dog Lake.  A swimming club has been  organized in Port Alberni.  The Icelanders have started a  colony on Graham Island.  Near Hedley work has been resumed on the Oregon mine.  Nine murder charges will be  heard at the Clinton assizes.  Indians will present the Passion  Play in B. C. this summer.  There are 4,714 names on the  voters list in the Okanagan.  Work has beeu resumed at the  Dunedin mine in the Slocan.  Miss May McVicker of Nelson  is teaching school in Gerrard.  John Jefferson King has opened  a shoe shinery in Whitehorse.  More than 200 men are working  in the shipyard at Whitehorse.  Houses are being moved on  scows from Skagway to Juneau.  Father Jeannotte of the Slocan  is recovering from his recent illness.  The Eureka mine at Sandon  will resume operations in a few  days. -...,    _  The King's birthday, June 3,  will be celebrated in Okanagan  Falls.     ���������  The dog license in Fernie is 400  copecks according to the ��������� Free  Press.  The Standard Oil Co. has put in  a distributing station at Colville,  Wash.  Last month five new postoffices  were  opened in   B.C.,   and   two  LABOR COMMISSION  L. L. Matthews.  The   Labor   Commission,   composed of Messrs. Parson, McKelvie,  Stony and Jardine,   with   F.   R.  McNamara   as   secretary,   sat   iu  Greenwood    upon   Saturday   and  Monday.    Thoy wero much pleased  with tho attention shown them by  our local member, J. R.   Jackson,  who provided his own car to show  them the pastoral scenery of this  great  district.   The   members   of  tho commission visited the mines  and smelter iu and around Greenwood and were agreeably surprised  at the great industrial  activity in  this district.    Mr. Jackson piloted  them to Rock Creek where informally, they heard the remarks of  Colonel Glossop, S. T. Larson and  D. R. Tait.  Before tho commission in Greenwood, Messrs. Outhbnrtson and  Lakeland of the Miner's Union  appeared and among other things  asked for the following:  That two calendar months   be  Mrs. J. P. Flood died in Graud I allowed to intervene between dira-  solution of the legislature and oloc-  Forks on Monday from acute  Brights disease, aged 58 years.  Mrs.   Flood   was born  in   New  Concluded on r(ant, I'.ijfc,  The settlers of the Bridge River  district want a twice-a-month mail  service.  The old log jail in New Denver  has been torn down. It was built  in 1892.  There is some talk of building a  small smelter or concentrator at  Lillooet.  In the Yukon at Whitehorse, a  New Brunswick man has started a  fox farm.  The big sawmill at Chase is  working two shifts, and' employing  200 men.  New Denver will celebrate the  24th of May. The local baud will  play all day.  About 1,000 fruit trees will be  planted at Duck Creek and Wynn-  del this year.  A fishing boat recently brought  125,000 pounds of halibut into  Prince Rupert.  The G.T.P. charges 86.40 a ton  to haul ore from New Hazelton to  Prince Rupert.  The Crofton smelter is using  coke from Australia that costs 813  a ton in Victoria.  Judge Wright formerly of Kaslo  has opened a real estate office in  South Fort George.  E. Orchard has opened a resta-  raunt at Smithers, the new town  near Chickens lake.  Recently eighty-five otter pelts,  valued at 81,200, were shipped  from Porcher island.  W.  Almaud    has   bought  the |  Grand Bath building in Kaslo, and  opened a barber shop.  Pat Kearney has reduoed the  stage fare between Oroville and  Riverside from 84 to 83.  In the Fraser valley a live man  can make wages growing apples at  seventy-five cents a box.  Nye_ Harris of Northporb has not  slept in a bed for twelve years.  He suffers from chronic asthma.  In Penticton last week several  foreigners were fined, for making  a raid on a house in the Bowery.  Fred Curts died in Ontario this  spring, He was an old-timer in  the Boundary and Camp McKinney.  A nursery has been established  seven   miles  from  Lillooet,   and  There is no truth in the report,  that the Ikeda group of copper  claims on Moresby Island had been  sold to an English syndicate.  The Revelstoke Mail-Herald  says that Laurier's "White Plums  are soiled." Perhaps Sir Wilfrid  forgot to wrap them in paper.  All hunting licenses in the State  of Washington expire on March  1st of each year. There is but one  licence issued for hunting and fishing.  At his Meadow creek ranch near  Lardo, Chris Marsden is increasing  his herd of cows, by bringing a  carload of milk producers from  Calgary.  At their placer claim near Molson, a few miles west of Greenwood, Earl Walker and Earl  Hurst, are washing out a little  over an ounce of gold daily. *  Ore orushing will begin next  month at the Coronation mine in  the Lillooet district with a ten  stamp mill. Thirty or more men ���������  will be employed at the mine and  mill.  Ed Corning has bought an auto,  and is building a garage in Revelstoke. More than twenty years  ago Ed kept the Glue Pot Saloon  in  Nelson in  company  with  the  late Tom Ward. *  "   ���������-- -   A log cabin known as the  "Ghost House" near Hope was  burned down a few days ago. In  1873 a Chinaman was murdered in  this cabin by his partner and ever  since some people have said that  the place was haunted.  It is* reported in Hazelton that  one of the railway tunnels built by  Duncan Ross is giving away, owing to the subsidence of the gumbo  hill through which it was driven.  Construction work will be delayed  if a new tunnel has to be driven.  Rumors are circulating that the  Great Northern Railway company-  is preparing to build a line from  Sayward to Trail to handle the ore  traffic from points along the Nelson & Fort Sheppard railway and  also from Republic. At present  the Great Northern has to transfer  the ore-haulage going to the Trail  smelter to the Canadian Pacific  railway.  Send for a catalogue, of headstones and monuments, made by  the Kootenay Monumental Works,  Nelson, B. C.  SLIGHTLY PREMATURE  A letter written  by   Randolph  Stuart dated Victoria,  April  23,  1913,    was   recently   received   in  town stating that W.  T. Smith,  (Piobiter) had died in New Westminster, and requesting  his many  friends in tho Boundary to contribute one dollar each in order to  erect some kind of a testimonial or  memorial as a tribute to tho memory   of   the   Boundary's    oldest  pioneer.     Stuart   mentioned that  E. Jacobs was also  sending out  appeals to Smith's old friends.  Quite a number in Greenwood  got their dollars ready,  but evi-  dentally tho appeals are premature  as Smith is not yet dead.    A letter  dated   May   9    was   received   in  Greenwood   this   week   from   tho  medical superintendent of the insane asylum at New Westminster  stating that Smith had suffered a  paralytic stroke and the chanceB  were very slim that he would over  recover his mental  balance,   and  the doctor thought he would nob  livo very long.    However ib would  be jnsb as well to lot Smith die before buying a toombatono for his  grave  immmm mi  ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^m^^^mm^^^,^^ THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA'.  THE  LEDGE   .  Is located at Greenwood, B. C, and can be traced to many parts of  the earth. It' comes to the front every Thursday morning, and  believes that hell would close up if love ruled the world. It believes  in justice to everyone; from the man who mucks in the mine to the  king who sits on the cushions of the throne. It believes that advertising is the life of trade; and that one of tbe noblest works of  creation is the man who always pays the printer.  The Ledge is $2.00 a year in advance, or $2.50 when not so paid.  It is postage free to all parts of Canada, Mexico, Great Britain aud  thc county of Bruce. To the United States it is $2.50 a year, always  in advance.  R.   T.   LOWERY  KDITOR    AND    FINANCIER.  GREENWOOD, MAY 15, 1913.  A. blue mark here indicates that your Subscription has  become deceased, and that tho editor would once more  like  to  commune with your collateral.  Swoi-  your  hammer for a horn,  and see the country grow.  Gin-   and     stout   is   a   "Dog's  Nose," but ip a libel on tho dog,  Gkumhu-'i-s, pessimists and  knockers should bo hived. They  arc mental lepers and tend to  poison the atmosphere.  forty glasses  of beer   during tho  day.  Calgary.���������Between hern and thn  moon there aro a few choice lots  that have not been placed on the  market. Como in your airyplane  and have a look at thorn.  our own ignorance.  We used to stone epileptic and  drive insane and feeble-minded,  out of the city becauso they "had  a devil." Now wo try 'to cure  them.  About the only places loft for  the poor old Devil aro jails and  penitentiaries. Thorn wo still  cling to the good old doctrine of  tho Dark Ages that all criminals  aro "possessed of a devil." Little  by little intelligence is ousting the  devil-doctrine oven from theso fastnesses.  Far be such heresy from ine to  say that there is no Devil. Only  hn is being chased from the world  of life as the pirates have, been  driven from the high sens.  Perhaps the crime of many a  modern "unbeliever," whom wc  accuse ol* not believing in a Clod,  consists in bin not believing in the.  Devil. Hub for this nnfn.it.li he  surely has some grounds.���������Dr.  Frank Crane.  on Cape Cod for instance produce  an average yield of 8500 an acre,  and if the clams are little-necks or  quahaugs, experts say that careful  handling will result ih an acre being valued at 81,000. A brook  running over a clam flat will wash  away impurities and carry food to  the clams, and is therefore a desirable factor. Dr. L. Belding; in  charge of a laboratory at Well fleet,  Mass., and who has for years beon  free breakfasts, tax the capable for  bhe benefit of the incompetent and  idle, and make harder the bringing up of the family of the industrious, without. discouraging the  reproduction of those whose standard of parental obligations is extremely low.'''������.To avert national  rnin, economic factors must bo in-  bolligenbly'j'eadjlisting so as to restore] selection] of ������the fit in; the  place of disastrous selection of the  working under the direction of thev unit.    Tho marrying of actual de  The Beaver.  I'l* is said that nearly all unmarried females over thirty years  of age are crazy. Perhaps those  .suffragettes in England are troubled that way.  L\- this world of sin, sorrow and  pulTragettcs money comes second to  health. When you get them  chained together life becomes like  an angel's dream.  Thk editor of Cotton's Weekly is  looking for a new home for that  paper. Might move it to an insane asylum, where he could get  cheap literary talent.  It is up to the Federal government at Ottawa, to provide and enforce better health laws in Canada.  There is too much disease and  sickness iu the Dominion, and people should be taught how to keep  in good health. This question is  of more importance than any  other, not excepting the building  of navies, directly or indirectly.  Vancouver. ��������� A company has  been formed here to barrel soft  water, and ship it to mining and  railway companies. All the stock  of the company is watered.  Thinking Themes  When organized labor holds the  top hand it is the most unjust,  merciless, destructive, and tyrannical thing on this earth. Up to a  certain point labor unions are a  great benefit to a community. Beyond that point they are a great  curse and a nuisance. The greed  and tyranny of capital caused  unions to spring into life, and the  name thing have now possession of  the unions. Until men become  imbued with better thought, there  will be no peace in the industrial  world.  The government should regulate  all matters pretaining to labor and  wages. Men should be paid according to their worth, ability, and  danger of employment to life and  health. The unions place all men  on a ilead level. This favors the  lazy, incompetent and dishonest  workmen, but it is a detriment to  those who are competent, industrious and honest. Tho government should also regulate matters pertaining to capital, and protect all men against tho greed and  injustice, either of labor or capital.  YRLESS NUSE  (UV  OVH  OWN  LEASED LTAR.)  New Denver.���������In the lake today a fish was seen towing a railway barge.  Phoenix.���������Some of the business  men in this city are putting signs  in their windows, bearing the inscription, "English Spoken Here."  Midway.���������At the big celebration  hero on tho 24th no visitors will  be allowed to drink   more than'  Among the venerable bugaboos  for whose downfall we may weep  is tho Devil. Onco lord of a good  part of tho earth, and of the greater portion of the realm of thought,  he has been driven from ono field  after another, and now has few  dark corners in which he may  hide.  He onco owned the mountains,  and wild and unruly men iled to  his court there. The gloomy  chasms of the Alps were his. Now  the pleasure seekers throng them,  and poets find divinity among  them.  "The horror of the sacred  woods" was tho radiation of his  malign influence. People feared  forests. That day has gone.  Modern poets write of the woods as  '���������God's temples." We are friends  of the trees, plant them and hold  Chautauquas in them.  The wilds of the ocean belonged  to him, Columbus' sailors thought  surely they were headed direct  into his clutches. Steamships have  driven him from the waters. The  North and South Poles have been  uncovered. America aud Australia aro not inhabited by orges  and monsters, but by ordinary  folks not unlike those iu Europe.  Time was when science was the  devil's own. If a man knew how  to make an explosive, to predict  an eclipse, or to manipulate,  chemicals, he had a devil. If you  were to go back a thousand years  and exhibit to tho peoplo of A.D.  913 tho phonograph, a steam engine, or a trolley car, you would  certainly bo burned as ono who  was in league with Satan.  Leonardo da Vinci narrowly escaped being mobbed because he  mode a barometer, and knew so  much generally.  Men  wero afraid of steam that  burst their   kettles   and   scalded  their fingers.    It was a mysterious  enemy.   Now they  use  it as   a  great friend and servant.     Ever  since Eve first boiled eggs in Paradise steam was on its knees praying  to men that it might be given a  chance to serve them; and they  ran away from it.  ��������� Electricity   has   likewise   been  flashed and roaring in the sky and  thrilling all earth, eager to help ns.  We thought it was tbe Devil  who  wanted to kill us.  Whon the children were bad we  beat them, to drive Satan out of  them. Now we study them, for  we know that all that ails them is  The upper waters of the. Peace  and Fraser rivers and the watersheds lying between the St. Lawrence and IfiidHon Ija-y may beie-  garded as the, last homes of the  beaver in America.  The history hi' the beaver in  Europe is instructive, in that it  foreshadows what may occur in  America. Jn the. eleventh and  twelfth centurion, the rights of  hunting were carefully awarded  and were highly valued. By the  sixteenth century we. lind efforts  being made to prevent extermination of many of the. most important  beaver colonies. In 1714 and in  1725, edicts wore, issued insisting  on the protection of those on tlie  Elbe river���������a line equal to about  S200 being imposed for killing.  Small colonics aro still protected  on the Elbe; on the Rhone in  France; and in Sweden and Austria.  The retreat oi the beaver in the  British Isles was .synchronous with  the advance of .settlement. The  last colonies of beaver existed in  Wales and in the Highlands and,  in 152G, British beaver disappeared  from the records of fur sales in  England.  In Asia about 1.000 are annually  taken about the headwaters of the  Obi in Siberia.  Very small numbers-may'still be  found in parts of the. United States  and Mexico,'and considerable restoration work has been carried out  by the state of New York.  In Canada, the retreats aro now  being made before a civilization  which is rapidly' extending its  boundaries. Reservations from  which pot-hunters are excluded,  and from' which only a stated number of animals, .predetermined by  a study of the extent of 'the local  food supply, may be taken annually, is the host means of conserving  this very valuable fur bearing  animal. As they are, given a  measure of protection in Ontaiio,  it is unlikely that thoy will ever  be completely -exterminated in that  Province.  Massachusetts Commission on  Fisheries and Game, is authority  for this statement that 83 woith  of clams planted in good ground  increases in value, to $15, on an  average, in a year. Dr. Belding  also states that in cold weather  any flam will live for days and  some for weeks out of water. A  low Mat. gives the. clams more, feeding time and therefore develops a  better crop. ���������Ex.  generates must be forbidden and  social legislation, philanthrooic  effort, regulation of industry and  commerce andjjothor undertakings  should be considered tn relation to  their possible effect.  Mixed Farming.  Spokane, Wash., May 14.���������Reports received by tho Spokane  Chamber of Commerce .indicate a  growing tendency to diversify farming in many part:* of tho Inland  Empire.  Increased attention to tho raising of chickens, cattle and hogs is  reported by Secretary Gordon C.  Corbaloy of the chamber. It is  estimated that for several years 100  carloads of eggs were - imported  annually into Spokane from the  east. Theso shipments continued  until 1912, when the importation  of eggs dropped to 65 carloads, due  to the large increase in tho number  engaged in the industry iu the Inland Empire.  "Similar advance has been made  in dairying," states Mr. Carbaley.  "Many farmers who formerly kept  but one cow now havo from ten to  forty, and are selling the milk and  cream. The steadily increasing  demand for dairy products aud the  quick returns realized by the farmer for this class of products have  convinced many-of our progressive  farmers that they can increase their  profits materially by keeping cows.  One Spokane firm reports the sale  of more cream separators in the  last 00 days than in the preceding  two years.  "A new silo company organized  in Spokane anticipates supplying  thousands of silos to Inland Empire  farmers during the next few years.  Thc large increase in corn acreage  the last two or throe years seems  to justify the expectation of the  men who have invested their money  in this concern. I am told that  the state of Washington has approximately 200 silos, while Nebraska  has 100,000. This seems t6 me to  demonstrate the possibilities for  future development of our agricultural resources in tho Inland Empire."  According to a press report, Mr.  R. D. Prettie, Chief Forester for  tho Canadian Pacific railway Htated  recently, at a banquet in Toronto,  that that Company was spending  as much on forestry this year as is  being spent by tho wholo United  States Forest Service..  WESTERN - - HOTELS.  NKWIUARKET   HOTJ5I.  Is the homo for all tourists aud  . millionaires visiting New  Denver, British Columbia.  A. JACOBSON, Proprietor.  THK   TKOVINCK   IIOTEL  Grand Forks, B.C., is in the centre  of the city, and furnishes the public  with every accommodation at  reasonable rates.  Kmll I.Hi'Nun, Proprietor,  TtflK   KAST.O    HOTEL  Kaslo, B. C,, is a comfortable  homo for ali who travel to that  city.  Cockle & 1'itpwortn.  SHEBKltOOKK    HOUSK  Nelson; B. O, One minute's walk  from C. P. li station. Cuisine  unexcelled; Well hented and ventilated.  LAVINGE & DUNK. Propiletors.  your Razors Honed  and Your Baths at  FRAWLEY'S  *!'  v  V  T  V  Y  ?  GREENWOOD,  <w>X������<������X-<">>-X"X������X"'~X"H--W"X":-  J. B. 'CAMERON,"  Leading Tailor of tlie Kootenays.  KASLO,    B.C.  H. W. Farmer  Notary Public. Real Estate, Etc.  Rock Creek, B. C.  GREAT LOSSES.  TICEMONT    HOUSK  Nelson, B. C, is run on tho Am-  one.��������� and European plan. Steam  boated rooms. All white labor.  Special attontion paid to dining'  ���������   room.  KuiiHoino & Uuinplioll, Props.  TULAMEEN HOTEL  Princeton, 13. C. is the headquarters for miners, investors  and railroad men. A fine location and everything first-class  KIRKPATR1CK & HALONE, Proprietors.  I!KII)KSVir.T.K   HOTEL.  Bridesville, B. C. This hotel is  within easy reach of all the leading  Boundary towns and the centre ol  a fine farming district.  THOMAS   AVAtSU,   Proprietor.  THE SIMILKAMEEN HOTEL  Princeton. This hotel is new, comfortable  well-furnished, and is close to the railway  depot. Modern accommodation and sani-  j)le rooms.  SUMMERS & WARDLE. Proprietors  HOTEL KEREMEOS  Opposite depot. Extensive alter  ations have recently been made  rendering this hotel one of the  most comfortable in the interior.  A choice selection of liquors and  cigars. New pool room and sample  rooms iu connection.  Mrs. A. F. K1RBY  HOTEL CASTLEGAR, Castlegar Junction. All modern. Excellent  accomodations for tourists and  drummers. Boundary train leaves  here at 9.10 a.m.  W. H.  CAGE. Proprletoi  GRANITE CREEK HOTEL  Granite Creek, B. C. Headquarters for miners, prospectors and  railroad men. Good stabling in  connection. Tasty meals and  pleasant rooms.  H, GOODISSON, Proprietor  ALGOMA HOTEL  Deadwood, B. C. This hotel is  within easy distance of Greenwood  and provides a comfortable home  for travellers. The bar has the  best of wines, liquors and cigars.  JAMES HENDERSON. Proprletoi  Extinct Monsters  Tho 'Director of Oolngical Survey of Canada reports great success  attended the expedition sent out  last summer to secure skeltons of  tbo great extinct monsters that  once inhabited tbe Cunadian Northwest and whoso remains are now  found in vast quantities in bone  beds of the lied Deer River. Albor-  at.  This expedition has returned  with tons of fossil remains, principally those of dinosaurs, huge reptiles that flourished four or live  million years ago towards tho close  of what the geologists call tho Cretaceous period.  Clam Farming  Clurn  farming is said to bo a  good paying industry.   Clam flats  ���������R.  Cary Gilson,   in  an article  which appeared recently in an Old  Country daily,   predicts a menace  for  the  future of tho  British nation, in the fostoring of the unfit.  Mr. Gilson iu an able manner confounds many of believed results of  philanthropy,    pointing   out   that  since  1875  thero has been an extraordinary falling off in tho birthrate of tho more efficient classes,  including professional people and  the best skilled  artisans and mechanics, but with an increase in tho  degenerate and incompetent classes, whom, he says, are in reality  favored by both environment and  legislation, particularly in the Old  Country.   The war which has been  prosecuted on infant mortality and  surgical  aid,  ho asserts,  has enabled defectives to become parents  to an extent hitherto unparalled.  Mr.  Gilson who  is a very  able  writer on social conditions is evi-  dontally familiar with the things  whereof he speaks and he says in  part:   "Even such well intended  acta as tho prohibition   of  child  labor,  compulsory education and  The damage done to commercial  stands of timber in North America  is from 825,000,000 to 8100,000,000  million annually, according to ex-  perls who have made a study of  the question.   From   18S0 to the  present time, the   annual   loss is  estimated to be 800,000,000. These  figures do no include  estimates of  tho losses   sustained    in   the destruction of young growth and forest littei, in whichiies the hope of  future timber crops.    The burning  of the forest litter has tho effect of  making stream flow irregular, eroding river banks and destroying the  fertility of land over which useless  earth is depesited by swollen rivers.  In some years there are forest fires  which assume tbe size of national  disasters.    Such was the Peshtigo  fire which swept over   an area of  1,290,000   acres   in  Wisconsin in  1S71, utterly ruining the country  and bringing death to 1500 people.  Other fires which stand out in  the  history of tho past century as examples of the ruining power of the  forest's great enemy  are,���������Mira-  michi fire, Maine and New Brunswick���������1S25, 3,000,000 acres burned  and 1G0 lives lost.  Pontiac fire,   Quebec���������1832;  1,-  G00,000 acres burned.  . A fire in Michigan  in  1S71���������2,-  000,000 acres burned.  Michigan fire, Michigan���������1881,  1,000,000 acres burned and 138  lives lost.  Phillips fire in Wisconsin���������1894,  1,000,000 acres burned aud 13 lives  lost.  Hinckley fire in Minnesota, 1894  1(30,000 acres burned and 4IS lives  lost.  Fernie fire, B.C. iu 1908; 64,000  acres burned and 9 lives lost.  Great Idaho fire, Idaho and  Montana in 1900; 2,000,000 acres  burned and 85 lives lost.  Baudette fire, Minnesota and  Ontario in 1910; 300,000 acres  buruod and 42 lives lost.  Of recent years there has beon a  remarkable change in the attitude  of the public towards these losses.  Newspapers and magazines discuss  questions of fire protection all the  year through, rather than in periods of danger exclusively. Governments are advancing advanced  legislation, tho number of fire rangers is constantly increasing and  over sixty forest protective associations on the continent are actively  engaged in efforts to reduce the fire  loss.  With half the timber wealth of  Canada within her borders and an  annual revenue from the forest  which can attain a total of at least  8100,000,000, British Columbia's  interest in the protection of forests  from fire is almost beyond estimate.  The forest branch is taking active  measures to place the whole Province under efficient protection to  the end that no such losses as have  occurred in tho past in other parts  ,.f Hm nnimfru nm������ tfttonkpn lmpi)  I quickly Btoi'iTcnuBhri.  cures colds,   and  lieuls  of tlio country may uvKepiaco noie,  llm 1)ircut UI|J Iurl({lli     ..     ..     ao centa.  STARKEY & CO.  NELSON, B. C.  MINING  . BROKERS  PROSPECTS    BOUGHT   AND    SOLD  Subscribers are reminded that  The Ledge is $2 a year when  paid in advance. When not so  paid.it is $2.50 a year.  0<K>0<>b<K>00<><>0<>CK><>000<KK><>00  Adams & Brown  Dealers in  Gfain & Flour, and Rolled  Oats 2������    -:X~'  A,  Try Dr. Rusk's   Famous  CHIC FEED  oooooooooooooooooooooooooo  BRITISH COLUMBIA  Water Act and Amending Acts  Before the Board of Investigation  ^OTICE of the submission of Evidence  ' ^   to Public Inspection.  In the matter of the determination of  the relative rights to the use of the waters  of certain streams lying in that part of the  Similkameen Water District situate in the  Greenwood and Grand Forks Mining ���������  Divisions.  Notice is hereby given that all of the  claims, testimony and proofs taken heretofore in the said proceedings, together  with the maps prepared under the direction of the Board will be open to public  inspection at the times and places stated  below.  ' At the Court House, Greenwood on the  12th and 13th days of May, 1913.  At the Court House, Grand Forks on  the 15th and 16th days of May, 1913.  All persons interested in the relative  rights of the various claimants to the  waters above indicated are entitled,  either personally or thru au agent, to examine the evidence submitted and to file  statements, objections or contests.  All such objections or notices of contest must be filed with the Board at Victoria on or before 5 o'clock in the after-  uoon of the 3oth day of May 1913.  It is necessary for a claimant to be  present at this inspection to protect his  right, but he is given this opportunity of  seeing what other persons are claiming  and of filing an objection or contest if he  thinks fit, and he is strongly urged to lay  before the Board any facts within his  knowledge relating L to the wrongful  claims of others.  A final opportunity to file claims by  record-holders \vho have heretofore failed  to make claim under their records  will be given at the commencement of  this inspection, afterwards a special procedure and special consent of the Board  will be required for the filing of any  claim.  The final hearing of all the claims to  the said waters will be held at the Court  House in Greenwood on the 10th day of  June 1913 at 4 o'clock in the afternoon,  and at the Court House in Grand Forks  on the 12th day of June 1913 at 2 o'clock  in the afternoon. Claimants will be duly  notified if any objections are filed against  their claim.    For the Bonrd of Investigation.  J. F. ARMSTRONG,  Chairman.  Dated at Victoria,  B.C., the 22nd day  of April, 1913.  ARG������  TUNNEL  The Argo Tunnel is a few  minutes walk from the centre of Greenwood, and less  than half a mile from the  smelter. The mining of ore  in this property means great  prosperity for the entire district.  OLA LOFSTAD  President  JAMBS McCREATH  Secretary.  When you want a headstone or  monument write to the Kootenay  Monumental Works, Nelson, B.C.  U>  V  H3  'I MANUFACTURING JEWELER  The Only Up-to-Date Optical    1VLJL,,���������      O    n  Department in the Interior.    lielSOll,    IS.  L,,  ������.X..:������X������.>;������X���������;���������;���������j,.>.j���������;  :������������������:*>:������������������:������������������:.������:���������������:���������.������:  TEMPERANCE I  is all right if shorn of humbuggery. r  Too much water drinking is just A  as injurious as too much liquor or y  anything else. X  OUR PURE WINES f  AND LIQUORS J  are medicinal if not abused.   Every y  household should have a moderate I  supply of pure wines or liquors in A  the   closet   for   emergency���������either y  unexpected visitors or sudden ill- t  ness, when a drop of pure liquor  in time may forestall all necessity  for drugs.  f   | Greenwood Elqwor company, importers, Greenwood, B. ���������������. |  v ,'>*-x-<<'X-<-<-*x������x-<-<>-i"&4^^  ^&������^<&������<&<?2<?~������<S������&&e������  *g*^|  I      *������  I!  fiumor and  Philosophy  Vy OVMCA/* M. SMITH  OH, F0R_A FACT!  f\S.. for a line and fishing pole!  ^Oh, for-an old time fishing hole!  Oh, Cor a hunk of bread and cheese!  Oh, for a gentle water breezel  Oh, for a seasoned briar plpel  Oh, for some apples red and ripe!  Oh, for a pair of brand new wlagal  Oh, for a lot ot other things!  Oh, for a pleasant story book!  Oh, for a quiet arbor nook!  Oh. for, a girl who wouldn't tell! .  Oh. for the unarming dinner bell!  Oh. for a dog with a tall to wagl  Oh, for a fattened money bag!  Oh, for a pleasunt summer night!  Oh. for most everything In sight!  Oh. for a splendid watch and chain!  Oh, for a yacht on the coast of Maine!  Oh, for a car that would carry six!  Oh, for sorne cooling drinks to mix!  Oh, for a country without files!  Oh, for a bite of mother's plesl  Oh, tor a glimpse of fairyland!  Oh, for tho whole blame tooting band!  c  ���������  Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Fish  and Poultry. Shops in nearly all the  towns of the Boundary and Kootenay.  COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD, B. C.  ^''^''-i^''-*'^-**^  Oh, for  Oh, for  Oh, for  Oh, for  Oh. for  Oh, for  Oh, for  Oh, for  a castle on the Rhino!  a nobby livo cent shine!  a cow that gave good mllkl  an undershirt of silk!  a ride on a Pullman train!  a largo estate In Spain!  a handsome, wealthy bride!  tho earth, all wrapped and tledl  Humor and  Philosophy  By WJVCAJV M. SMITH  I WONDER.  I WONDER who will win the rac������  And who will fill the chair  And who, when the returns are In,  Will have the votes to spare.  Which of the candidates at large  Up to the front will go?  1 wonder, but 1 wouldn't give  A half a cent to know.  It doesn't matter much to me.  It does to some. It seems.  The way they worry as they go  About consulting dreams,  And asking this one who will win.  And asking that the same,  And seeing If they can by carda  Or fate srell out the name.  1 think I'll get three meals a day.  Should they not bo In view  1 guess that 1 can get along,  As others do, on two,  .No matter who on ballot day  .   Should win the little prize  And find the chair In Washington  Kxactly of his size.  For when the present Is forgot  And people strain their eyes  To read about these candidates v  They'll find that till were wise.  And so I list to all and try  On arguments to thrive,  Becuuse 1 know, whoever wins,  Tho country will survive.  It is many years ago since D. J. Robertson had  to leave Sandon. Since then he has spent his time  in Nelson, selling furniture and other truck, at such  low prices, that half the time he cannot pay the  freight, or keep the sheriff from pulling the blue  papers on him. Nobody knows how he keeps in the  ring, but Dave always comes up smiling, even when  he is selling coffins, or making a righteous roar  about graft.  eholt; b, a  John  ]We^ellaf* j  Proprietor.  NEW ADVERTISING SCALE.  Making Discoveries.  ���������> ���������������  1     B  1 Greenwood to Phoenix Stage 1  Leaves Greenwood Daily at 3 p.m. _  Arrives Greenwood Daily at 10 a. m. 3  CLUB CIGARS TORE ~;  Ihe newspapers in Greenwood, Phoenix aiul Grand Forks have adopted the  following scale for legal advertising: '  Application   for   Liquor  Licence  ���������30 days) |5i0a  ��������� Lertificale of Improvement Notice  (60 days) j7.50  Application to Purchase Laud No-  lices (60 days) y7.so  Delinquent Co-owner Notices  (90  ���������, /lays).. Jro.oo  Water Notices (small) ������7.So  All oilier legal advertising, 12 cents a  line, single column, for the first insertion; and S cents a line for each subsequent insertion.   Nonpariel measurement  "I wish 1 were popular."  "That's easy."  "How easy?"  "Just buy a cottage In the country  and serve chicken suppers to your  friends."  Sir GREENWOOD OFFICE  & JOHN FULLER  PROPRIETOR =3  ^iiiuiaiiiiaiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiaiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiini^  I The Midway Store for finality Goods J  Progressive Youth.  "Saunders' boy has left home, 1 hear."  "Yes."  "What was tho matter?"  "Saunders called him down."  "Boy wouldn't stnud for it. t'h?"  "No; Saunders objected to the boy's  bunch holding a concert on (lie front  porch at 3 o'clock in the morn ing. and  tho kid said that the old man wus too  reactionary to suit him."  "Did you know that Frank and Nellie have broken?"  'No; not really?"  ���������They have."  "What was the matter?"  "He found she was going to cooking  school and she found out that he took  physical culture exercises every morning."  Thoroughbred Eggs and  Fowls For Sale  Partridge Wyandottes  Partridge Rocks  Blue Andalusians  .Silver Spangled Hamburgs  Empire .Strain of Brown Leghorns  Indian Runner Ducks  ROBERT CLARK, GRASD FORKS  COUNTY COURT OF YALE.  A  SI1 1 ING or M10 County Court, or Yale will  ���������"���������    liu linldon afc the Court Houso, Grcimwood.  on   TuoHduy   tho  24lli   dny  or June  11113,   at  eleven o'clock In the forenoon.  Hy order,  WAI.TKR DEW-INKY,  Keglatrar 0. C. of Y.  ftekott, B. 0  First-class in everything.'  Steam heat,  electric  light,  private   baths.     Telephone  in every room.   First-class  bar and barber shop.  ��������� 'Bus meets all trains.  The Way to Do It.  "You can't make a woman talk If she  doesn't want to."  "That may be true, but there's a way  around it."  "What Is it?"  "You can make her want to talb."  General Merchandise, Boots, Shoes,  Dry Goods, Hardware, Sleighs,  Wagons, Buggies and all kinds of  Agricultural and Horticultural Implements and Appliances.  B  Had to Laugh.  "Why so distressed?"  "I have been laughing until my sides  are sore."  "Heard something funny?"  "No; been talking to a pugilist who  Insisted on cracking jokes."  |  JAS. G. MCMYNN. MIDWAY, B. C.  SEVEN YEARS In One Location  SIXTEEN  YEARS OF PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE  This is my record. It speaks louder than lean as to unreliability. Oilier specialists (so-called) have come and  gone, but I K" riifht on performing my wonderful cures  and briiitfiiiK relief to afllicted meu. My methods are  modern and above all. I am conscientious in my treatment of every case. That's why I am able lo stay in the  same place. Many of my patients have come throne;!! the  recommendation of some of my former patients.  All Diseases Peculiar to Men  If you cannot make me a personal visit, write me  carefully details of your case, aud I will prescribe for you  the treatment that, 1ms cured hundreds of others.  It Helps.  "They spend a lot of money."  "Yes; they do."  "But he has such a small salary that  I don't see how they manage."  "His wife Is a smashing hand at  bridge."  The Reason.  "But why be a liar?"  "Shall 1 tell you the truth?"  "If you can."  "I find It both pleasant and profitable."  111. if he !  |    GREENWOOD, B. C.    t  Dealer in Farms, Ranches  Fruit Lands and Dairies,  Poor Pompey.  "Ah am sure grief stricken, lady."  "Too bad, poor man I  In what shape  did grief come?"  "In the shape of Mr. Gus Johnslng,  lady.   He sure do  have a  powerful  fist"  Thousands of acres  of X  the best fruit and agricuk $  tural   lands   in   the  best ������  T B,   C,   climate   at   very f,  X reasonable terms, i  Couldn't Get Them Interested.  "You ought to get married."  "Can't afford It"  "Then pick some rich girl."  "Those 1 have talked to have other  plans."  SILVER  AND  GOLDEN  Just So.  "Is he a courageous man?"  "He Is, but"���������  "But what?"  "His courage Is so easily discouraged."  Kennedy's Improved Champion Strain  THE LIVING EGG MACHINES  Write for Free  Booklet  DrJCelley, 210 Howard St., Spokane, Wash.  Harder to Cure.  "What's the matter with him?"  "He ought to go to a chiropodist"  "Corns on bis toes?"  "No; on his disposition."  More Celerity Required.  "They go the pace that kills."  "I've only one objection to It"  "What is that?"  "It doesn't kill them fast enough."  Didn't Make an Impression.  "Charity covers a multitude of sins'."  "I never missed any."  His Little Annoyance.  The elevator man has woe  Which his employment crowns,  Por everybody says to him.  "four life is ups and downs.  x>  'gOty  'f<)tfeaweJhite>  mmm  Il'������ lliu CLEANEST, SIMPLEST, and I1EST HOME  DYE, one cun buy-.WIiy you don't even lmvo to  know what KINDol Cloth your Good* aro made  of.'.So MliMukes arc Impossible.  Send for Free Color Card, Story booklet, and  Booklet glvtnv results of Dyeing over other colors,  The JOHNSON-KICHAUDSON CO., Limited,  Montreal. Canada.  Don't Be HOODWINKED  WE NEVER CHANGE BRANDS  PERT PARAGRAPHS.  If you get what Is due you you will  find that you have to be your own collector.  The boy who used to carry a chip on  his shoulder now shies his hat in the  ring.  When women vote will the good looking candidate stand the best show?  The man who sits and wnlti for  something to turn up may get roasted  by bis friends, but lie escapes many  a turndown from the cold, cold world.  Variety may be tho spice of life, hut  Industry Is the meat aud potatoes.  Success Is getting the thing you want  Philosophy Is wanting tlie thing you  get.  If they would keep right on starting  new parties and the women would only  keep out of politics wo all might even-  tually become candidates.  This talk of thero being so many  parties may convert many doubting  Thomases to universal suffrage.  Only a Start.  The elrl of forty summers  At them need not be sore:  They're not. let her be thankful.  Some forty summers more.  PERT PARAGRAPHS.  Some folks are so busy resting that  they never have time to get tired.  The telephone is a great invention.  It enables a woman living in the country to find out what her sister twenty miles away had for breakfast  When a man who owns an automobile doesn't take his friends riding  they think he's mean. Wheu he does  they think he's trying to show off.  The oflice should seek the man, but  *t never gets the chance.  This is the year that the wise political prophet goes fishing.  Somehow the man who Is always  willing to learn and tho man who  knows It all seldom get on well together.  If yon want to be popular learn to  listen to other people's troubles, but  nover���������no, never���������come within a thousand miles of hinting that you may  have troubles of your own.  Some peoplo are kept miserable nil  their lives by thinking about the good  times they didn't have.  Eggs and Fowls for Sale  These  Silver   Campines   are   from   the  Silver King Cock that took the prize at  the Crystal  Palace show and   all   over  England  ROBERT CLARK, GRAND FORKS  Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations.  ������*"*OAL mining rights of the Dominion,  y~A in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of British  Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at an annual rental of  Ji an acre. Not more than 2,560 acres  will be leased to one applicant.  'Application for a lease must be made  by the applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district in which the  rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself.  Each application must be accompanied  by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if  the rights applied for are not available,  but not otherwise. A royalty shall be  paid 011 the merchantable output of the  mine at the rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the "mine .shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay tbe royalty  thereon: If the coal mining rights are  not being operated, such returns should  be furnished at least once a year.  _ The lease will include the coal mining  rights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available  surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the  rate of ������10.00 an acre.  For full information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any  Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of this  advertisement will not be paid for.  QUEEN'S   HOTEL,  jpHOB-tsri-x B. c.  The Newest and Larget*fe Hotel in  the City. Everything neat, clean  and comfortable. Steam heat and  electric light. Meals and drinks at  all hours.  CHISHOLM & MUM    -    Props.  ON PARLE FRANCAIS  NATIONAL HOTEL  GREENWOOD, B. C.  The  Really Best House  in the Boundary.  Recently Remodelled and  Strictly Up-to-Date.  Restaurant in connection  OWEN   BO YER  PROP  WINDSOR HOTEL  The Windsor Hotel is one of the  best furnished hotels in the West.  It is located in the heart of Greeu-  woodand within easy reach of all  the financial and commercial institutions of the Copper Metropolis. Heated with steam and lit  by electricity. Commodious sample rooms. The bar is replete  with all modern beverages and  the^cafe never closes. Rooms  reserved by telegraph  The Windsor Hotel Co  E. J. Cartier, Mgr.  ���������ar^j^Ai'%^������3b!r  MOTICE is hereby given that the meetings of the Provincial Labor Com  mission will   be held at the following  places:���������  Penticton���������Tuesday, May 6th, 10 a.m.  Hedley���������Wednesday, May 7th, 2 p.m.  Princeton���������Thursday, May Sth, 8 p.m.  Greenwood���������Saturday,   May   10th,   2  p.m.  Phoenix���������Tuesday, Mav 13th, 2 p.m.  Grand Forks���������Thursday, Mav. 15th, S  p.m.  Othcrineetings will be announced later.  The Commission will hear evidence on  all matters affecting labor conditions iu  the Province. All persons interested arc  invited to be preseut.  H. G. PARSON,  Chairman.  F. R. McNamara,  Secretary.  CITY OF GREENWOOD  NOTICE is hereby given that the  first sitting of the Court of Revision on  the Assessment Roll for 1913 will be held  at the Council Chamber) Cilv Nail,  Greenwood, 11. C. on the sSth'day oi  May. [913, at ro o'clock a. in.  NOTICE of any complaints must be  given to the Assessor in writing at least  ten days previous to the sitting of the  Court.  Dated at Greenwood, B. C. on the  15th day of April, 1913.  G. B. TAYLOR,    City Clerk.  About Float.  Float is not a periodical.  It is a book containing 86  illustrations all told, and  is filled with sketches and  stories of western life.   It  tells how a gambler cashed  in after the flush days of  Sandon ; how it rained in  New Denver  long   after  Noah was dead ;   how a  parson took a   drink   at  Bear Lake in early days ;  how justice was dealt in  Kaslo   in   '93;   how the  saloon man outprayed the  women in Kalamazoo, and  graphically    depicts   the  roamings   of   a   western  editor among the tender-  feet in the cent belt.    It  contains the early history  of Nelson and a romance  of the Silver King mine.  In   it are   printed three  western poems, and dozens of articles too numerous to mention.    Send for  one before it i.s too late.  The   price   is   25   cents,  postpaid to any part of the  world.    Address  all   letters to  R. T Lowery  GREENWOOD, B. C.  GRAND CENTRAL   HOTEL      ���������  Opposite Postoffice, NELSON, B.C.  American and European Plans.  H. H. PITTS, Prop.  CENTRAL HOTEL  PHOENIX.  One of the largest hotels in  the city. Beautiful location,  fine rooms and tasty meals.-  A. O. JOHNSON  PROP.  Greenwood* Midway  AUTO STAGE  Leaves Greenwood for Spokane  at S:20 a.m., & for Oroville at 3:10  p. m. Leave orders at Terhune's  Cigar Store.       Charles Russell.  LOWERY'S CLAIM  During the 37 months that Lowcry'B  Claim was on earth it did business all  over tho world. It was the most  unique, independent and fearless journal ever produced in Canada. Political  and theological enemies pursued it with  the venom of ,1 rattlesnake until tho  government shut it out of the mails,  and its editor ceasad to publish it,  pa/tly on account of a lazy liver and  partly because it takes a pile of money  to run a paper that is outlawed. 1hon>  aru still 20 different editions of this con-  demned journal in print. Send 10 cente  and get one or $2 and get tho bunch,  K. T. LOWERY,  Groemvood, B. C.  ��������� ARE A I QUALITY  II  3j leaves Greenwood 10 p. m  ^ Greenwood Office  *5 NORDEN   HOTEL  %  & J* JX& St SI St St Si St St St SI St St St St  The BRILLIANTES  Arc the Best Clear llavaaas In Canada  /t Is Just some people's- luck to bava  n long cool spell ripjht after they have  gone and blown their last cent for ua  electric fan.  Misery loves company, but prefers  fie sort that la a good llstenor.  Nothlug makes a woman madder  Mian to have her telephone get ont ot  Drder the afternoon that there nre  some Interesting happenings In the  neighborhood.  Tho woman who Isn't nfrald of a  snake, n mouse or n thunderstorm  needs all tho characteristics thnt she  possesses, for nobody will pay any attention to her, and she la lo for a go  "��������� nlone Journey.  UQUOK   ACT,  1010  (Section 49)  NOIICI', K hereby iriven thiit on the 15tli  illy of June next, application will be made lo  the Superintendent of Provincial Police for the  transfer of a licence for tlie saleof liquor bv re-  tnil In anil upon the premises known as'The  Uncoil Hotel, s>iunte ���������111 I'ltoll, Ii. C from John  McKcllar In Onvlcl Oxlev of UritUli Columbia.  Dated tin-; ISth day of May, I'M*.  JOHN McKRLLAR.  Holder of License  DAVID OXLI'Y  Applicant for Transfer  ������.x������>m-������x-x������:":<':������������x-:">x������x������:-  4  Made by Union Labor lu the best Hy-  jflcnlc Factory In the country.   Call for  them and trot value for yoitr money Instead of rope  WILBERC & WOLZ, Prop. B.C. Clear  Factory, New Westminster, B. c.  SHOES SHINED  I At the Windsor Hotel by |  * ZACK WATSON *  ADVERTISE IN THE LEDGE  MESSENGER SERVICE  6&Q3rWMW<rtQA$'W*A$Q<*Ai.Q,������  'J0**"*--*'*****'^^  T.   THOMAS *  CLOTHES CLEANED  PRESSED AND REPAIRED  TAILOR - GREENWOOD  o ������oooooooooooooo QOOOOQOOOO  TUNING  Mr. Charles E. King will visit  Greenwood at an early date. Leave  orders for guaranteed pianoforte  tuning at White's Drug Store.  IHB111 ll(  f  LYNN CREEK DAIRY  DELIVERED  To any part of the city or district  J.McDONELL, Proprietor  a   ���������   ���������   ���������  SMOKE  Mounfcaineor and Kootenay Standard Cigars.   Mado by  J. C. THELIN & Co., NELSON.  ASSAVHR  E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assaycr and  Chemist, Box nno8, Nelson, B. C.  Charges:���������Gold, Silver, Lead or Copper,  $1 each. Gold-Silver, or S!' -er-Lead,  #1.50. Prices for other metals: Coal,  Cement, Fireclay analyses on application. The largest custom assay oflice in  British Columbia.  Plumber  and Tinner  I am prepared to ex/  ecute   all    orders   for  |[   plumbing and tinsmltlv  ing in city or country,  I  I GEORGE CLERF. j  VWI*W>'JWf*tg"|JMf^^ ''^���������'"'T'lL'Jjy-'V1^ |���������       'J J ���������.���������iii'     I  !>���������   "TI'CJ-JL  -  ,-m  ^rJlJF  ���������^������������������m������������������.!-       ���������       Ill-Mil WI THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  OCK>00<><>OCK><>CM>0<><><*K><X><>0<><>0<3  i    BOUNDARY MINES    f  ���������O-O-OO-O O O-OOOO 00<*HX"H-><*K"K>CK><X>00  Last week tho Rawhide shipped  5,36:5 tons of ore.  Lust   week   the  Granby   mine  shipped 27,'LOS tons of ore.  Last week the  Granby smelter  treated 24,440 tons of ore.  Last   week   the   Mother   Lode  mine shipped 0,450 tons of ore.  Lust week the Greenwood  smelter treated 11.90G tons of ore.  Last week the Napoleon mine  ���������shipped 500 tons of ore.  Last week the Queen Victoria  mine shipped 52G tons of ore.  '    The No. 7 shipped 1,400 tons of  ore last month to tho Trail smelter.  The .lewd mill has been enlarged and the new machinery will  be placed in position thin month.  About, the 1st of .Line the mine  and mill will lie again in operation  with a force of about forty men.  Win. Itowe has been engaged as  foreman of the mine.  "We are informed that tho Great  "NorthiTii Railway Co. is  having a  mini of Iditarod,   and   KufYner  a  aud Moosehorn creeks, which are  the main streams in the vicinity of  Silver creek.  There was a samll stampede up  O'Donnell creek last fall, caused  by a prospector finding $500 in  coarse gold in about three days.  Ho brought it here and the gold  commission took charge of it and  the property has been in litigation  ever since. They say ho staked  over another man's claim, etc.  Just now O'Donnell creek ia staked  up a long way.  Old timers'around here don't believe in any extensive find, but  think that it is a good country to  prospect. They are indignant at  tho false reports that have gone  outside, causing a strinpedo which  has only begun, because there will  undoubtedly ho a lot of people  conic in hero shortly. Quite a  number of claims have been turned  over in the Silver creek country  during the last month or so, regardless of any showing at all.  Prices run from $1,000 to 81,500  per group of three clainiH. The  principal operators here are Dyke-  y^������fffpi'---i*,'&'-,ft^^  OWNERS   AND   AGENTS  List your farms with us.    We can sell your properties, if right.    Send particulars quickly.  The Latest Expressions in Jewellery  WESTERN PROVINCES CO-OPERATIVE,REALTY COMPANY, LTD.  Mcculloch block nelson, b, a p. a drawer 1107  *SagB83W������);*segjM^^ TRWSBBBSa  right-of-way surveyed for a branch  railroad into the rich mining district; west of Ohewelah and that  the road will he graded and rails  laid this summer. The road will  first bo built to those mines in  which the Granby company is interested or have contracts with,  and later on spurs will be built to  other producing properties. Many  promising mines are being developed iu that district, and somo prominent mining men are freely predicting that the camp will become  a   second     Butte.���������Marcus   Mes-  OOOOOOOOCK>00000<>OCKH"K>OGCK>0  o  0  0  B. C. MINING NEWS  Oaao<K>00<>0<>0<>OK*KJOO<><X>00<KK>  Thero is a placer excitement at  Silver Creek, 150 miles south-east  of Atlin. Writing from Atlin about  it Gordon Grassett says to V. W.  Smith of Hazelton:  ���������'Now regarding the strike: In  the first place, it has been greatly  over rated, which is. of course, not  to be wondered at, as they all are  to a certain extent.  An Indian came out of the Silver  Creek country last fall with forty  dollars iu coarse gold, which every  man saw; this is every dollar that  has como out of there so far���������all  that dope about Owen going to  Skagway for supplies with SI,500  in coarse gold was bunk. This  Indian put Jim Mason (Skookum  Jim) next to his find, and MaBon  went- to Seattle after Carmack.  They returned, and a bunch of  their friends from Dawson and  Seattle got wise in some way and  started to follow them in. Mason  and Carrnack got away from thein,  and neither of them has been seen  since. Mason pawned his ring in  a road house up tho lake a short  time ago for a meal and a bunk. I  was talking to the man who has it  and he was showing mo the ring.  That Indian with liis forty dollars, started the stampede; likewise  all the reports of an El Dorado.  At this stage of tlio game, Silver  creek is staked from one ond to the  other; also Johnson, Trout, Judson  local man.    About 200  are   prospecting around Silver crook. There  is a small settlement   of tents at  Silver creek, but no stores, restaurants, or anything liko that, and at  present there is no recorder, consequently you have to  take a  150  mile trip back hero to record;  also  he camp has  tho usual  quota of  toughs, but most of them   are like  a wolf���������harmless on a full stomach.  Intend to stake on some of the  smaller streams around Silver creek  the   showing thero should  bo as  good as any.    Then I  will  return  here to record, then try and get in  a trip to O'Donnell and  do some  staking there.    If I do not sell,  I  will afterwards go out to the claims  and do some prospecting and panning, and see how they look on the  surface.    If they   don't look good  I will have to go south and  get to  work, having gained  in experience  if not in wealth.    Fad my  clothes  off for the first time in over a week  and woke up the other morning on  tho trail with  six  inches  of snow  on the blankets.     However  it is  all in the game ajul was  expected.  Travelling was bad  down  Tagish  lake, and I was led   to   believe it  was glare ice, hence the leaving of  part of my load.   Then there  was  a Gfteen mile portage to make between   Tagish   and    Atlin   lakes,  which was soft going;  Atlin  lake  was not bad   but   pretty  cold.    I  shot a few rabbits for tho dogs,  which  they devoured  with great  gusto; also saw cariboo and moose  tracks, but nothing more tangible.  The passenger rate on the W. P.  & Y. is 20c per mile; freight fie per  pound.    There is   no   opening  in  this  country at   present   for  any  kind of business.   Might   be later  on,   about July.   Stages  run  between Cariboo Crossing  and   hero  in the winter,   and   boats   in   the  summer.    The   freight  rate  from  Atlin to Cariboo  (W.P. & Y.)   is  about ?5c a  lb.    Don't know what  tho passenger rato is���������I   mushed.  It is a 00 mile trip and  there  two  road houses; meals 81; bunk 81 per  night.  I would advise no ono to come  up here until they see how the camp  is going to pah out. T wouldn't  even advise a prospector to come,  as tho country is full of prospectors  now.  The recent, strike in the Slocan  Star at, Sandon, in the upraise, has  not yet been proved through the  ledge, but so far as gone there is  six feet of ore, running from l'.IS  to215onnc.es in silver. The ore  was encountered in the upraise,  .'550 feet above the deep level tunnel and about 00 feet from the surface. The upraise was not yet  through the ore body at noon yesterday.  This is tho most important strike  made in late years in the Slocan,  and proves tho continuance of the  large oro body found, on the surface.���������Slocan "Record.  GRAND   FORKS    GARAGE  GRAND     FORKS,     B.  C.  is now open for business and is in charge of an Expert  Mechanic.    All  repairs  and  adjustments  quickly  attended to.    Completo lfno nf  AUTOMOBILE   ACCESSORIES  carried in stock.    Best grade of Gasoline, Lubricating  Oils,   and   Greases  always  on  hand.    Solo agents for  Republic Tires.    Tires pumped up free of charge.  GRAND    FORKS  mmsmawmemm  GARAGE    CO.,    LTD.  The Most Select Wedding Gifts and Bridal Jewellery  May be selected from our new Summer BooJjev  let which has already been mailed to our many  British Columbia patrons, This is one of. the  most interesting summer publications we have  issued and should be in the hands of every  Wedding Gift buyer in the province,  BLUE BIRD JEWELLERY.  This pretty novelty owes its origin to Maeterlinck's story of the bluebird, and is considered  a symbol of happiness and good luck. It is sup'  plied in Brooches, Pendants and Scarf Pins  showing a beautiful blue enamel on sterling  silver.  Write   for  our   Summer   Booklet.  HENRY BIRKS &  SONS, LIMITED  JEWELERS AND SILVERSMITHS  Geo, E, Trorey, Man. Dir, VANCOUVER, B, G  ' Epitaphs.  Bill Boozer's taken his last drink,  Ho had his share on earth, we think  His end was sad, alas! alack!  The clove he swallowed was a tack  ��������� Cincinnati Enquirer  Sam Snook has passed from earthly  scenes  No doubt dwells  on   some  distant'  star;  While he was staring at two queens  ne stepped before an auto car.  ���������Birmingham Age-Herald  WANTED LOAN OF $2,000,00  At Reasonable Interest, on 240 acre farm,    Worth  double to stock the same with milclvcows,  For particulars address���������Rancher, care of this paper,  The Official  rX  Tests show Dr. Price  Baking Powder to he most  efficient in strength, of highest  purity and healthfalness  No Alum, No Phosphate of Lime  LABOR COMMISSION  (Continued liom page i)  tions.  That special courts of revision  be held after dissolutions of the  legislature to revise the voters  lists.  That registraars of voters should  Bend a notice to every applicant  when his name is put on the list.  That voters lists be accessible to  the public not later than two days  after the court of revision. (This  is unreasonable as the lists would  require several days to be printed.  Ed.)  That any man whose name is  loft oil* the list be allowed to vote  on a tendered ballot.  Abolition of the election deposit.  To extend the eight hour law to  all men working at mines and  smelters.  Want the right for oflicers of  unions to hold meetings and do  union business upon employers  properties. Mr. Keller saw no objection to this provided the men at  work wore not interfered with, as  men cannot work and talk at the  same time and do justice to their  woik.  To bring within the scope of the  Workmen's Compensation Act  men suffering from industrial  diseases, such as lead poisoning,  etc. Mr. KefVcr stated that an  act of this kind would render all  new employees subject to a medical  examination.  An act to compel employers to  furnish baths and dry houses.  An act making it illegal to ovict  tenants from company houses during industrial disputes.  Mr. Axam stated that he earned  S3.G0 a day at the B. O. Copper  Co.'f* smolter, and it cost to keep  himself, wife and four children  during 1011, $1,11.2.70; and in  1912, $1,031 ,GB.  W. P. Ticrnoy stated in Greenwood ho had fifty mon filling in a  railway trestle. Tho shovel mon  were paid $2.7."5 for ton hours and  the rockmen S3. Mr. Tierney had  no objection to a universal eight  hour day.  All over the province the Commission foiind the people in favor  of the Washington Workmen's  Compensation Act.  CITY COUNCIL  Thu Council met on Monday  evening.  The monthly statement of receipts and expenditures was ordered fyled, also the quarterly report  from the Fire Chief.  The government analysist reported that the water from Lynn  and "Providence creeks was a good  quality, and perfectly safe for domestic purposes. The total solids  are a little high which is in the  form of alkalies.  A complaint was made from tho  Women's Institute re accomoda;  tion for ladies visiting the town.  The matter was referred to the  license commissioners.  Mr. Marrion, provincial health  officer addressed the Council re  typhoid fever, and spoko on the  conditions ho found at Lynn  Creek dairy, and made, suggestions  respecting the same, also as to  general conditions ho found on  Twin creek, and cautioned against  tlio use of Twin creek water.  'Permission was granted Mr.  Matthews, baker, to remove the  building on Lot 211, Block B, Silver street.  Tho following accounts were  ordered to he paid: Government  Laboratory, $20; A. A. Frechette,  $2; R.L.C.Co., $4.30; C. Kinney,  84.25; L. L. Matthews, $1.70; J.  L. White, $3.7/5; Electric Lights,  $123.25; M. Christianson, $21.00.  The chairman of tho Health  committee recommended that the  water be boiled until tho final  analysis is received.  The Temporary Loan By-law  was read three times.  It was recommended to s'ell Lot  10, Block A, Map Gl to Owon  Boyor for $25 provided he improves tho same.  Tho Council adjourned until  May 20.  NOTICE  NOTICK is hereby given that an Application will be made on behalf of the  Kettle Valley Railway Company and the  Canadian Pacific Railway Company to  thc Hoard of Railway Commissioners for  Canada on the ninth day of June nineteen  hundred and thirteen, or so soon thereafter as the Application can be heard for  a recommendation to the Governor in  Council for the sanction of a lease from  the former Company to the latter Company of the lines of railway of the former  Company.  This Notice is given pursuant to the  provisions of Section 361 of the Railway  Act.  Dated at Montreal this 30th, day of  April, 1910.  E. W. BEATTY,  Solicitor for said Companies.  WE HAVE A CAR OF  PURITY FLOUR  ON THE WAY WHICH SHOULD BE  HERE IN A FEW DAYS  Let us have your first month orders,  we can fill them in anything you  require  Best New Zealand Butter, 40 cts. lb  RUSSELL-LAW-CAULFIELD  Company  G. A. REN DEL  PUMPS newest styles in black Suede  and white   kid  TENDERS FOR PAINTING.  TENDERS will be received for the  undersigned up to Saturday, the 31st ot  May, 1913, at 12. o'clock 110011 for the  painting of the Rendell & Co's Building,  situate on lots 10 aud n, Block 13, on the  corner of Greenwood and Copper Streets,  Greenwood, B.C. The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.  F. \V. McLAINE, Agent,  Greenwood, B.C.  One sentence of honest praise  at the right time is worth a whole  volume of knocks.  A fresh supply of dainty laces just in  GREENWOOD,  B.C.  HOW TO RESIST  Chronic Coughs and Colds.  Strong, vigorous men and women  hardly ever catch cold; It's only when  tho system Is run down and vitality  low that colds and coughs get a foothold.  Now isn't It reasonable that the  right way to cure a cough Is to build  up your strength again?  Mrs. Olivia Parham, of East Durham, N. C, says: "I took Vinol for a  chronic cough which had lasted two  years, and the cough not only disappeared, but It built up my strength  as well."  Tlio reason Vino! Is so efficacious In  such cases is because it contains in a  delicious concentrated form all tho  medicinal curative oloments of cod  liver oil, with tonic, blood-bulldlng  Iron added.  Chronic coughs and colds yield to  Vinol because it builds up tho weak-  1 oned, run-down system.  You can get your money back any  time if Vinol does not do all we say.  J. h. White, Druggist, Greenwood, B. C.  ^nimmfmmmmnmmmmmmmmmmnimmfnmnig  iSRR/NG        1  1 SHOES  c&   SUITS 1  I P. W. GEORGE & C������e 1  H   COPPER STREET        ���������        GREENWOOD, B, G   =������  ^iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiUiiiuaiiiiiiiiiaiiiiiiiiiiiiaiiiiiiaiUiiiUiiiiii^  IN GRAND FORKS  I deal in Second-hand  goods and have the  largest sign in B. C.  I buy or sell anything from a needle  to a carload.  ED. PECKHAM  v  The  fnmlly  remedy   for   Coughs  and Colds  "Slilloh coats  so  little   and does   so much I'  Every Suit in this stock is a success. There's  no "perhaps" or "maybe" about the styles.  They have won the unqualified approval of  well dressed men. Let us show you some  of these very new and very attractive Suits.   781  W. Bison,  Greenwood  T


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