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The Ledge Feb 29, 1912

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Array ' ' ' " J  THE  OLDEST  MIRING  CAMP  NEWSPAPER  IN   BRITISH  COLUMBIA  Vol.   XVIIL  - GREENWOOD, B. C.,. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 29, 1912.  No. 33  '. Just arrived a large shipment oC  Sherwin-Williams' Paints, Varnishes,  Floor. Finish, ��������� Waif Finish, etc.', * to  brighten up the home.-  New and Second-Hand  Around  blank    books  ledgers,    journals  ���������day; books,    etc.  ungs  Trunks and Valises  Furnished Houses  Sewing Machines  Pianos for Rent  Skates Ground  Phone 16   Greenwood, B. C.  [ Kilt 1KEH !������'*,������  ~~~ml  Greenwood's   Big  Furniture Store  WB. HANDLE'THE.! VERY  LATEST  TYPES  OF  My Layers at 50!  ORANGE   LEMON  BANANA   CHOCOLATE  COCOANUT  ERUIT  My Specials at 60c  MOCHA   CHERRY BLOSSOM  .     DEVILS FOOD   MAPLE  J, G. McM villi was in the city  this week.       '   ,,'    ' ;  .   Alfred J. Lind'is now  a resident of. Vancouver.  Mrs. George, Clerf will receive  every first Wednesday.  * The voters list' for Greenwood  riding has been printed.  1 r  Greenwood, expects to have a  live baseball team, next summer.  The stage for Greenwood will  hereafter leave Phoenix at 9 a. m.  Born,���������Oil February 26, to  Mr. and Mrs. P." W. George, a  son.  Ed, Brown is at the Springs,  seeking surcease ifrom rheumatism.  -,*  Two carloads of potatoes were  shipped east from Grand Forks  last week.  Mrs. Franklin Watson will receive on, the third Thursday of  each month.  Owing to ill''health Judge  Williams has disposed of his business in Phoenix and gone to the  coast. From there he will go  east. The Judge is a brother-in-  law of Sir Donald Mann.  A fire at the ,JEmma mine, at  three o'clock yesterday morning  destroyed the 'hoist house and  compressor building. It is  thought that a spark from a  passing locomotive caused the  fire.  Fire destroyed the residence of  Sid Slorer about 9 p. m. on Sunday. There was no one in the  house at the time", and the cause  of fire is unknown, The loss is  about $l,600;;and thc insurance,  $900.  1 Western Float 1  promises'to be in a short time, one  of the greatest gold  camps in  the'-  world. -    , ,   ���������  Also Ribbon andlBattemburg  Cakes, etc.   .     Phone Al 2 6  William C. Arthurs  . IHE BREAD & CAKE.BAKER  Vienna Bakery, Greenwood  And for Prices challenge comparison with any dealer, in  Canada.   You can save express charges when you buy  from us,   Also agents lor Victors "and Victrolas, '  T. M. GULLEY & Co.  Opposite Postofiice.  GREENWOOD, B.C.  Phone 27  ttAYEYOUSEENIII  _":���������-/J ft':':  You will find a Welcome  at the Club Cigar Store and Pool Room  CIGARS, TOBACCOS, AND  SMOKERS;  SUPPLIES  FRUIT AND  CONFECTIONERY  8 Coast, Calgary, and  Local Papers and Magazines  " ,^i_ : always on, the tables,  -Agent for PnoeniA-w.aii|ri( __ojFflcejrfPhoenix & Midway Stages  WALTER G, KENNEDY  PROPRIETOR j  THE CANADIAN BANK  OF COMMERCE  SIR EDMUND WALKER, C.V.O., LL.D., D.C.L, President  , ALEXANDER'LAIRD, General Manager  CAPITAL, - $10,000,000 . REST, -   $8,000,000  DRAFTS ON FOREIGN-GAUNTRIES  Every branch of The Canadian Bank of Commerce Is'equipped-to issue drafts on  the principal cities in the following countries without delay: "~*""������������������  Africa Crete Greece New Zealand  i-u..- /...u. Holland  Iceland  India  Ireland  Italy  Japan    Java  Fr'ch Cochin China Malta  Germany Manchuria  wnioa Great Britain Mexico Mam west Indie*, etc  Tho amount of these drafts is stated in the money of the country where they are payable ; that is they, are drawn in sterling1, francs, marks, lire, kronen, florins, yen,  'taels, roubles, etc., as the case maybe. This ensures that the payee abroad will  receive the actual amount intended. A233  SAVINGS  BANK   DEPARTMENT v  J. T. BJEATTIE, Manager.        -      Greenwood Branch.  We. have just issued a handsome  Illustrated Catalogue  that would do credit to any mailorder house, and which shows at a  glance the grip we have oh the better  class of trade. We want "you to see  how fine a jewelry  store  we have.  SEND FOR ONE  A. LOGAN & Co.  GREENWOOD.     -     B. C.  every 1'  4:15 i"  St; Jude's Anglican Church  Services: Holy Communion 8:30  a.m. 2nd and 4th Sundays in the  month; Matins, ri a.m.; Evensong, 7:30 p.m.; Sunday School,  2:30 p.m. Solemn Evensong  every Friday during Lent at  7:30.      Women's   Bible   class  'uesday afternoon during Lent at  thc Hall.  Rev. Franklin Watson, Vicar.  Arabia Cuba  Argentina Republic Denmark  Australia  Austria-Hungary  Belgium  Brazil  Bulgaria  Ceylon  Chili  Egypt  Faroe Islands  Finland  Formosa  France  China  Norway  Panama  Persia  Peru  Philippine Iilanda  Portugal  Soumania  Russia  Servia  Siam  Siberia  Soudan  South Africa  Spain  Straits Settlements  Sweden  Switzerland  Turkey  United States  Uruguay  West Indies, etc  ROOMS   TO    L.KT  Iii tho Swayne House, Silver  Street. - Clean, private and comfortable rooms in a quiet locality  at reasonable rates. Hot and cold  baths free to.guests.  The cascof James B. Sheridan  and J. W. Nelson.'is being settled  out of court.      \'i  Morley~ Ludlow is in the city  seeking investments ior his snr-'  plus capital.       .-v  Two or three^ brick business  blocks will be built in Grand  Forks this year. -'}  W. G. Kennedy has added a  pool table to the other attractions  of the Club Cigar store.  \The Phoenix City Council will  donate $1,000 towards the building of a skating rink in that burg.  Phoenix receives $2,000, this  year from the B. C. Government,  in lieu of the twopercent. tax on  ore. ��������� - - ,  The Canadian,'! Ba'nk of Commerce" takes"'oVer- -the~~'Easte:m  Townships Bank at Phoenix on  Friday 1st.  On Friday Albert Madge will  bold an auction sale of farming  implements at his ranch near  Rock Creek.  Buy Rosaline, the red oil, at  Brown's, Ferry, Wash. It will  not encrust the wick nor blacken  the chimney.  This vear the B. C. Government will expend $65,000 upon  wagon roads in the Greenwood  electorial district.  At the county court on Tuesday judgement was reserved in  the case of James G. McMynn vs  the Case Machine Co.  Subscribers are reminded that  The Ledge is $2 a year when  paid in advance. When not so  paid it is $2.50 a year.  On February, 26 a marriage  license was issued to Henry Keith  Sullivan aud Miss Mary Jane La  Ronde, both of Bull Creek.  For Sale.���������A work horse,  weight 1,250. drive single or  double to be sold cheap, Apply  Mark Christensen, Ledge"Office.  Charles Kinney is turning but  several orders for sleighs and  wagons.    This is a good time to  |P. BURNS &:;<&.$  '. OT "Tioolora in  TTVooVi  anA SalfMoafa   TPiaVi >T  Dealers in Fresh and Salt Meats, Fish,  and Poultry. Shops in nearly all the  towns of Boundary and Kootenay.   ,  COPPER STREET, GREENWOOD  @  5  Send for a catalogue of headstones and monuments,.- made by  the Kootenay Monumental Works,  Nelson, B. 0.  No Need For Them  Customer (getting measured):  '���������How much are those trousers going to cost mo?"  Tailor: "Forty-two shillings,  Hir. How many pockets do you  want in them?"  Customer: ^'None; I shan't  need any pockets after I have paid  for the trousers."���������London Judy.  A woman who is quick to assert  her rights may magnify her  wrongs.  order a  wagon,   and   avoid   the  rush.  John Mclnnis will be Socialist  candidate at the next provincial  election iu Cariboo. He at one  time represented the Grand Forks  riding  The provincial elections will  be held upon March 28, four  weeks from today. John L.  Coles will be returning officer for  the Greenwood riding.  New spring Hue of shoes for  men, women and children. Oxfords and current styles in Tans  Patent Leathers and Gun Metals,  at Brown's, Ferry, Wash.  Herbert Eustace Seymour  Douglas Hamilton, and Miss  Ruth Harrison, both of Rock  Creek were married on Tuesday  by the Rev. Franklin Watson.  Why Pay Rent,���������When you  can buy a four room house and  lot on comer of Church and Kim-  berley Ave. Address W. D.  Flinn, 1926 Tulare St., Fresno,  California.  ��������� P. B. Shaw who has been  teller at the local branch of the  Bank of Commerce for some time  removes to Phoenix to act in the  same capacity. R. McCutcheon  of Creston takes Mr. Shaw's  place.  Wanted ��������� A reliable . local  agent for strong old established  Board Fire Insurance Co., with  assets of over $35,000,000. Write  Franco-Canadian Trust Co., Ltd.,  1105 Dominion Trust Bldg., Vancouver, B. C.  In Spokane on Saturday an  operation was performed on  Charles Summers. He is suffering from a congestion ot the  inner membrane of the skull, and  is doing as well as could be expected under the % circumstances.  In Spokane Lome C. Terhune  is recovering from the effects of  his recent accident. When the  bandages were removed from his  head he complained of the light  hurting his eyes, and it is thought  that he may ultimately recover a  portion of his sight.  ^W.E.-Alexander'charged with  stealing $700 from Gorman West  had a preliminary trial before H.  McCutcheon last Saturday and  was remanded until yesterday.  Between 6 and 7 p. m. Tuesday,  he broke the lock on his cell door  in the government buildings and  escaped, and up to the time of  going to press he had not been  captured.  Messrs Lauder .and Ewing of  Lumsden, Sask., spent some time  in Greenwood this week on a  visit to Rev. Franklin Watson  and incidentally to size up the  agricultural possibilities of the  district. They both expressed  themselves as very favorably impressed with what they saw and  may eventually take up land in  this locality.  Tom Hanson has bought Pit-  tendrigh's hotel at Rock Creek,  and will move his store to the  same locality. He has. let the  contrast to Wesley Connell for a  two storey frame building with a  public hall upstairs. The building will be 30 x 60 feet and will  be finished in April. Several  other buildiugs will be erected in  Rock Creek this summer.  C. J. Bunbury has resigned  as  Chief of Police in this city,   and  with  his   family   will   move   to  Kamloops on Saturday, where he  will  engage in   the real  estate  business.   If he becomes as successful  in  the  handling of real  estate,  as he  has been   in   the  maintenance of law and order the  ex-chief will soon become a western capitalist.    As a police officer  he always performed  his duties  in a   prompt,   efficient manner,  and in his departure Greenwood  loses one ofthe best officers it ever  had.   Always firm without being  brutal he proved that a man can  be a police officer and still  be a  gentleman.   A   host   of friends  wish him success in his new calling, and trust that in the  future  he will make  frequent visits to  the Boundary district.   '...-.  Keremeos wants a fruit cannery.  Princeton wants a daily mail to  Merritt.  Atbalmar is to have a 83,000  skating rink.  There will be a Leap Year ball  in Barkerville.  The Fernie Ledger is printed in  five languages.  Princeton  beer is the   favorite  beverage in Hedley.  Quesnel  wants the Fraser river  bridged at that town.  Recently at Mara 180 people attended a masked ball.  Already some lots have been sold  in Coalmonfc for ������550.  Another chicken ranch has been  started ab Revelstoke.  Kaslo is haunted at   night  by  white chicken thieves.  . Edwin    Hallett   is   building   a  bowling alley in Enderby.  A national bank  will be established at Republic, Wash.  Jimmy Deacon is building a  cabin on bis lob in Quesnel.  J. W. Milligau is building a four  storey frame hotel in Vernon.'  By 1915 there will be 4,000 miles  of railroads operating in B. C.  A night school with 25 pupils  has been organized in Vernon.  Another subdivision has been  added to the Port Alberni townsite.  The value of the fish caught in  B. C. waters is 810,000,000 a year.  Ice will be scarce and high in  price next summer in the Okanagan.  At Chilliwack work on the new  postoffice building will begin in  April.  Fifty years ago in Victoria bacon  was sold for from 16 to 18 cents a  pound.  An addition of 12 feet has been  added to the Catholic church in  Lytton.  In January there were two  deaths, and eleven births in Prince  Rnperfc.    -^ r-f-r**-.. ",-.. .   r _  Mr. Miles -has ��������� been appointed  manager of the steam laundry in  Merritt.  Ie was a wise man who said, that Sieves  to the pure, almost everything else | rifled.  is rotten.  ��������� About 3,000 men are working on  the CKR., between Yale and  Boston Bar.  W. H. Richardson is manager of  the new amateur minstrels troupe  in Ashcroft.  The police magistrate of Fernie  wants his salary raised from 875 to  8100 a month.  Last year 217,908 tons of coal  were shipped from Merritt, valued  at over 8500,000.  Navigation never ceased this  winter upon Trout lake, in the  Lardeau district.  It was three below zero in England this winter, the coldest  weather in 45 years.  Jos. Childerhose of Chilliwack  has sold 217 tons of hay this  winter for 815 a ton.  This season Guy Young has'  shipped 35 carloads of potatoes Jo  the east from Colville.  During 1911 the loss caused by  fires iu Canada amounted to 844  every minute of the year.  Port Alberni is becoming metrop-  The Michel Reporter says that-,  trainloads of Pennsylvania coke are  passing west to the smelter?,   thus  showing that markets once lost are  hard to regain.    ;  Several thousand pounds of  dynamite are being freighted into  Barkerville. Next summer the  mines will be busy around that old  and historic camp.  The City Council of Merritt' has  decided to buy ������4,130 worth of  apparatus for the fire brigade.  The money will be expended for  hose and fire engines.  Fifty year* ago  this  month   a  party of men left Victoria, to work  a copper  mine at Barclay Sound.,  As far as known the mine has not*  yet shipped any red metal. '  It is just 20 years ago since the'  first temperance lodge was organized in Vernon, and several of the  inhabitants   are   still  overloading  themselves  with  beer,   booze and  ' beefsteaks.  There is a woman at Whiskey  Hill who supports her children by  cutting wood and hauling it to  Tonasket,, Wash., 12 miles away.'  Her husband deserted her some  time ago, but then, a woman who  can cut and saw wood can get along  without a man.'  In Creston Jack Smith in rilling  his pipe got a 22 cartridge mixed  with the tobacco. He did not  smoke very long until the cartridge  exploded, without doing any damage, expect to the pipe. In future  Jack will be more careful when he -  borrows tobacco out] of a friend's-  pocket.  J. L. Gates and George L. Pedlar have returnedjto Fernie after a  long visit in  the cent belt.    The  Michel Reporter says  that it was  rumored around Fernie that they  would bring back a couple of long   ,  haired cooks,   but as  they swung  from the train, the only live thing:   '  visible  were  a couple of canaries ���������  they brought west to'grow up "with  the country.  THE^ OROVILLE; ROBBERS  A week ago last night the "post-  office at Oroville was entered  by  and ��������� the registered   mail  The  . same   ��������� night    Dean *  Kruse and {George Finch stole a,  team of," horses fand a sleighJfrom '���������  Steeves' livery in that town,   and  started   for    Canada.    They    exchanged the sleigh at Molson for a  wagon  and'in  due time reached  Midway where they took the night  stage for  Greenwood.    They laid  low in  Greenwood,  and   hit   the  itan.    A shoe shining stand  has  been set up in oue of its hotels.  It was announced last week that  J. Peck MacSwain had left Merritt,  to do time on the Priuceton Star.  Some of the coal miners at Cor-  biu and Coleman are working short  time, owing to a shortage of cars.  you  mob  Fffoetive  Police . commissioner���������If.  were ordered to disperse, a  what would you do?  Applicant���������Pass around the hat,  sir!  Police    commissioner.     That'll  do.   You're engaged.  This winter at the head of Granite creek, Dick Fitzgerald trapped  4S animals, and two big horned  owls.  A Revelstoke milkman prints a  column ad in the local paper asserting that he does not put water in  his lacteal fluid.  J. Cummings of the 150 Mile  House paid a visit to Vancouver  this month. It is 50 years since  he was at tho coast.  Dan Munro of Merritt has bought  a hearse. It is the first vehicle of  the kind ever seen in the Nicola  Valley, and cost $1,100.  The 100 foot square lot, on the  corner of Eighth and Tronson  streets in Vernon has been sold to  Mr. Remnant for 812,500.  Mar On has sold his store at  Blairmore, and will return to  China, where" he will become a  wholesale importing merchant.  In Fernie boys under 18 are not  allowed in poolrooms, and on Sundays moving picture shows must  not opeu their doors before 8:30  p. m.  In tho Orient district, just a fow  miles    from     Greenwood,    tlioro  high road to Phoenix early Friday  morning.    In response to a phone  from Constable MSGuffie they were  arrested in   Phoenix    by    officer  Stanland, and in less than an hour  they    were    behind   the   bars  in  Greenwood.    They admitted stealing the sleigh,   but denied  touching up the postoffice.    They wai ved  extradition  and  were taken back  to Qroville on  Saturday  by  Marshall McCannon. . The reward  of  $500 given by the U.  S.   Govern-  ment will be equally  divided  by  McCanuon and McGuffie, provided  Krnse and Finch are found guilty  of robbing the*"postoffice.    Kruso  is 20 years old,  and  hails  from  Portland.    Finch is 20 years old,  'and claims Vancouver as his homp.  They are   evidently amateurs at  stealing.  CITY COUNCIL  *   Council  assembled on   Monday  evening.  A letter was received from the  U. B. C. M. was read and filed,  and the annual membership fee of  $10 ordered to be paid.  The auditor's report was ordered  to be filed.  The following accounts were  ordered ts be paid: Fire Brigade,  (Storer fire) 830; Geo. Clerf, 83.25;  G. A. Gillis, 829,60.  " The matter of investing tlio  sinking fund was again discussed,  but no action taken.  The Mayor reported that tho C.  P.R. and Robert Wood had agreed  upon a division of the blocks in  lot 710; but that owing to tho  Greenwood-Phoemx Tunnel Co.,  not having completed the lease of  certain lots in the sub-division the  arrangements could not bo finally  settled.  The Council adjourned until  March 11. i������3^*._ - if K  ������*7*fcl>F*T'T*** *" 'J? .^'^'-'T'*,t"*^ i?P"'-������t~" "mmr  >'{*.  >r< i ���������-'  THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  THE  LEDGE  Is located at Greenwood, B. C, and cau be traced to many parts of  thc earth. It comes to the front every Thursday morning, and  believes that hell would close up if love ruled the world. It believes  in justice to everyone; from the man who mucks in the mine to- the  king who sits on the cushions of the throne. It believes that advertising is the life of trade; and that one of the noblest works of  creation is the man who always pays the printer.  Thc Ledge is$2;00 a year in advance, or $2.50 when not so paid.  It is postage free lo all parts of Canada, Mexico, Great Britain and  the county of Bruce. To the United States it is $2.50 a year, always  in advance.  R.   T.  LOWERY  EDITOR    AND    FINANCIER.  public with fear and limy will boy,*  cott a railroad to a cruel finish. It  is easy to influence the masses  against a railway by constantly  printing photos of its wrecks.  GREENWOOD, FEBRUARY 29, 1912.  ' A'blue mark here indicates that your Subscription has  become deceased, and that tho editor would once moro  like to commune with your collateral.  _In a few years there will only be  two churches in existence, and they  will be Roman Catholic and Christian Science. The latter church is  on the right road to uplift and  purify thc world, and when the  people can thoroughly grasp its  teaching hell will give way to  heaven upon this earth, and although wingless the human race  will become more like angels.  Love, life ancl truth will eventually  lift us out of the mud, and kill  fear, greed and selfishness, the  three great curses of the world.  Colon hi.    Sellers  lived in 13. C.  should    havo  Nklsox is  trying to   work   up a  boom on paper.  The cold  storage egg has  yet gono south.  not  gem in daily journalism persists in  calling Greenwood's Leading Excitement, The Ledger, instead of  Tho Ledge. If Tho Sun editor  does not knock the r's off Ledger  we will never again drink out of  his bottlo when visiting the city of  great expectations.  A strike in the  tunnel  is worth  two in the town.  Tiik way  to   Victoria  is  paved  with good roads.  Nrakly every knocker, groucher  and  grumbler has a cranky liver.  Turc lack of free speech should  not be felt much in Vancouver.  That city has four newspapers.  In order to head off the mob,  the rich men will have to improve  the conditions of the masses.  Lv the Ymir riding at the coming election Parm Pettipiece will  attempt to reach the legislature  under the folds of the Socialist  flag. Parm likes the limelight even  if defeat is certain. There is plenty  of room for free speech around  Salmo and other points. The police  will not grab you, eveu if you talk  real loud in asking the crowd to  have a drink.  History repeats   itself.    Thore  was some shooting in  a game of I order to shield himself,  . The Appeal To Reason accuses  Taft of screening Major Ray from  the effects of an amorous escapade.  That paper says that it is a scandal  indeed when the President of tho  United States has to protect a  political crook and moral leper in  If this be  Thinking Themes  Of   all  insufferable bores  upon  this earth the Ono I hate  most is  the person who does not caro.   Tho  being who talks all  the  time tho  game of whist is going on, and who  comes to once in  a while to ask  what is trumps, is a go'Ml   typo  of  this kind of pestiferous insect.    In  every range of human interest the  man   who  doesn't caro  is open to  suspicion.    Whoever would just as  soon eat one tiling as another," gives  signs  of a  lack of taste in higher  matters, as Lamb said.    The young  man who marries just to be marrying, and is nob driven  to the step  by an irresistible mania,   I cannot  abide.    The    superior   individual  who belongs to your  church,   just  because one should belong to Some  Church, give honest  and  militant  believers tlio   shivers.  Fortunes in Pork  Bert Hart and Jesse Coulson  went to Greenwood Friday, each  taking a four-horse load of dressed  pork- with them. Thoy found a  ready market, and doubled up  coming back to haul their money  up the Rock Creek hill. They report thoy could have sold a sleigh  load of eggs for 05 cents a dozen  cash had thoy been able to produce  them. Greenwood is undoubtedly  the hungriest town in the Northwest, especially when it comes to  tho lapping up of all farm produce  that is oflered to them. But it  seems to be due merely to the fact  that there are lots of minimg families and miner boarding houses  there���������������������������a class of workmen who believe in oho thing above all others,  and that is stinking their feet under  a well laden table. A fair criterion  of what a change wili tako place  when the industry opens up in this  district, where the very best of  everything a farm produces is  raised every year on every side of  town for many miles.���������Chesaw  News.  problem will be solved. There are  few animals domesticated by man  that, return so many products.  Nothing is wasted by the Laplanders, where tho herds are numbered  by the hundred ' thousand. The  reindeer serves man living, and  feeds him dead.  Dr. Holmes notes the pride of  the Alaskans iu the vegetables and  fruits with which they fed tho secretary and hiH party. The menu  that he quotes could not be excelled  in the best banquet hall.  In this as in so many other matters Alaskais corning into her own.  About Reindeer  In view of the fact that Bishop  Stringer is endeavoring to interest  the authorities at Ottawa in experimenting with reindeer in Yukon,  the following from the Juneau  Dispatch is of interest.  Remembering the difficulties that  Dr. Sheldon Jackson passed  through a few years ago in bringing small .herds of reindeer from  Lapland to Alaska, the report  brought by Dr. James A. Holmes  The man the other day, after his visit as a  who drops in to sec you, nob be- member of the Fisher party, is of  cause he hankers for your society,  interest.  but because he has nothing else to "Thc reindeer wore the most in-  do���������you would much rather ho had teresting things we. encountered,"  kept away. This affectation of in- said Dr. Holmes. "Thousands of  difference is the nastiest character* these animals are now in Alaska  ist.ic of the English-speaking peo- and are multiplying rapidly. The  pie. No one moves as with such Eskimos and others who own them  an intense conviction that he needs'And   them  indispensable for food  Real Winter  The backbone of winter is often  decried    by   people   who  huddle  around the fireside;   whenever old  Boreas kick np his heels they send  up a package of lachrymose spiels  and sigh for a country where snow  isn't found, where roses and lilies  will bloom the year round.    But I  love a country with  all kinds of  snows, where Winter has whiskers  clear down to his toes, where blizzards-cavort and  tho icicles cling  all over your features till thawed  in the spring. . For cold is a tcnic  that braces you up and makes you  as gay as an unlicensed pup, it fills  yon with ardour to do hefty things;  the   healthy    man   likes   it   and  dances and sings.    A wind whooping down  from tfie white Greenland hills is better than any one's  cottonwood pills, while languorous  zephyrs will fill you with bile and  make it hard labor to  burble and  smile.    There's energy, health and  solace in  coldl   The backbone of  winter is better than  gold!���������Walt  Mason.  H. W. Farmer &, Co.,  REAL, ESTATE,  Rock Creek, B. C.  js jk j* jh j/t gi j/t si jt jt jn a j������ js j* jn j������  Leaves Mother "Code  9.30 a. ra.  6:30 p. ni.  Leaves Greenwood  3:00 p.  m. .-  8:30 p.  in."  "j  -   *������l  ���������3$ Saturday   last'  stage ' leaves  "  *SJ Mother Lode C p. m.   Returning-,  J  % leaves Greenwood 10 p. m.  ������&    % Greenwood Office-  3 NORDEN   HOTEL  %_*t (j* t35 %jm ijw |^v fcj? tJv _i*a t$* ^fi l*rv w*������ J* Jfi f_% _,%���������  Frank Fletcher  Phovincial Land Sukvkyor,  Nelson, B. C.  cards last week at Yale,   and  police many miles away.  the  It is reported that the man who  squeezes a dollar never squeezes his  wife. An eastern editor remarks  that in looking over his subscription list, ho is led to believe that  there are some very nice women in  his community, who aro not getting the pressure they deserve.  TriE   Sun,   Vancouver's   latest  true Taft should hike for the green  timber. If not,he should make the  bold editor climb a tree and pick  doves with the owls.  The kodak is one of tho greatest  enemies that railroads have to contend with. lb is reported that it is  against the law in Canada to photograph a train wreck. An}' railroad could be ruined if the papers  would print the picture of every  train wreck that occurs.    Fill  tho  kicking, so much as the immobile-  faced youth with a monocle, to  whom all human concerns are a  poor show which he seems to have  seen many5times before and is waiting with ill-concealed suffering  until it is over.  Give me a discriminating eater,  a thirsty drinker, a hard fighter, a  keen player, a sound sleeper, an  intense worker, a rollicking dancer,  and a hot lover, every time. Lukewarm folks make you ashamed of  being alive.���������Dr. Frank Crane.  Even a homely man doesn't look  it after you get used to him.  and useful for transportation of  their produce. The meat of the  reindeer is being used extensively  for food in the cities, and it is said  to be as good as the best beef.  "There is a great future for those  who raise reindeer for the market,  for these animals are able to live  through the winter on food they  forage from beneath the snow. No  matter how deep the snow is the  reinder dig down with thoir hoofs  and antlers to get the lichen moss,  their choice food."  If the multiplication of the reindeer is allowed to proceed only a  few years longer the winter meat  As a Precaution  An amusing story is told of the  old London journalist Frederic  Guest Tomlin.  One day he found his office locked and the office boy missing.  When the boy appeared Tomlin  reproved him for over-sleeping, a  charge which tho boy tearfully refuted.  "It's this way, sir," he said.  "My uncle was hung at the Old  Bailey this morning, and, although  we weren't on speaking terms with  him, I thought as one of the fam  I ought to be there."  "Quito right," said Tomlin  "never neglect your family duties  but when another of your relations  is to lie hanged, please to leave the  office key under the mat."  J. R. CAMERON",,  Leading Tailor of the Kootenays.  KASLO,    B.   C.  ' i       i  HAVE YOUR PHOTO TAKEN   _BY   J. H. JAMES of Greenwood.  About Float  Float is not a periodical.  It is a book containing 86  illustrations all told, and  is filled with sketches and -  stories of western life.   It.  tells how a gambler cashed -  1    in after tho flush days of '<  Sandon ; how it rained in- '  , New Denver ' long   after  Noah was dead ; .how a ,  parson-took a-drink   at   *.:���������  Beai'jLake in early days ;"-  how justice was''dealt in  Kaslo   iu  '93 ;-how the  ** j  saloon man outprayed tho".  women in Kalamazoo, and  -   graphically    depicts   the .   ;  roamings   of* a  western     ,'  editor among tho tender-   >  feet in tho cent bolt.   It  ���������   contains the early history     '���������,'..  ��������� of Nelson and a romance. "  of tho Silver King,mine.  ' In   it are   printed, threo  western poems, and dozens of articles too nnmor** ".'���������'.*  ous to mention.    Send-for.  ono before it is too late.      ^  The  price   is ' 25   cents,  postpaid to any part of the  world. . Address  all   letters to  R. 71 Lowery  ' GREENWOOD,. B.C.  STARKEY&C0.  NELSON, B. C.  WHOLESALE" '  DEALERS IN  Produce "and " Fro visions'  Don't Be HOODWINKED  WE NEVER CHANGE BRANDS  ARE A 1 QUALITY  TheBRIEUANTES  Are the Best Clear Havana's la Canada  Made by Union Labor In tbe best Br-  g-lenic Factory In the country.   Call for  them and get value for your money iu-  stead of rope  "W1LBERG & WOLZ. Prop.' B.C. Clear.  ;     Factory, New YVestminster.B. c.  K  En   .  D    ���������  Mountaineer and Kootenay. "Starir  dard Cigars.  jMade by  J. C. THELIN & Co., NELSON;  QUICKLY STOPS COUGHS, CURES COLDS.  HCALS THE THROAT AND LUNGS. 25 CENTS  Baggage transferred to  any part of. the City. Furniture moved to any part of  the District! General Dray-  ing of all kinds.  SIDNEY OLIVER.  LOWERY'SCLAIM    /  During the 37 months that Lowery's  Claim was on earth it 'did business all  over  the   world.-   It-was,tho most",  unique, independent "ond fearless jour- ���������  nal over produced in Canada;   Political  and theological enemies pursued it with  the venom of - a rattlesnake until the.-  government shut it out of the mails,''  and its editor ceasad  to  publish  it,  pattly on account - of ja lazy liver and  partly because it takes a pile of money  to run a paper that is'."outlawed, lucre  are still 25 different editions of this condemned journal in print. - Send 10 cents  and get one or $2 50" and get "the bunch    '  "   11. T. LOWERY,     '  Greenwood, B. C  =/J  ARMI is situated on the West Fork of the  Kettle fiver, at its junction with Wilkinson  creek. It is 57 miles from Greenwood and  75 miles from Grand Forks, It is located  on a large plateau on the west bank of the Kettle  river and will be the central town for a dozen  smaller mining camps. For the next two years it  will be the supply point for the Kettle Valley rail/  way during the construction of that road to Pentky  ton, 87 miles, .:  ��������� CARMI has mining, timber and agricultural  resources of great value, It has gold mines right at  the townsite, and is a good smelter site,  Lots are being sold at from $50 to $250 each,  Invest your money at home,  For further particulars apply to  CARMI   TOWNSITE   CO.,  ������  CARMI  B.    C-s.  <<  *��������� if i m,rr f���������tr ^wr~'  m���������������������������  taWtm���������eta  :M LEDGE,  .GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA1.  WESTERN - - HOTELS.  THK   KOOTENAY    SALOON  Sandon, B.C., has a line of nerve  bracers unsurpassed iu any nioun-  , tain town or, the Great West. A  glass of aqua pura given free with  spirits menti. l  NKWMAKKKT   IIOTKr,     *'.  ,        Is'tho home for all tourists and  millionaires visiting Now  Don-  * '    ver, British Columbia.  1 ,   .    Honry Stegc. Propr.  1JKI������KSVII,I,E   nOTJSI.  Bridesville, B.  C.    Provides   excellent  _  ueeommodation for touiists and travellers.   Fros.li  Eggs  nnd  Butter.   Special  Irl.sk Whlbkey always on hand.  THOMAS   AVArSH,   Proprietor.'  A MODERN TnZAEJ).  LAKISVIKAV   IIOTKL.  in   Nelson,  B.-C:,   employs" all  -   white help and is a home for thc  world at $1.00 a,day.  Nap. Mallette, Proprietor.  Lore   Analysed   as "a 'Disease;   and:  Medical Man Offers Treatment     |  J for Misplaced "Affection.  THK   PROVINOB   HOTEL  ,       Grand 'Forks, is a large tnreo-  story brick  hotel .that provides  '.    tho public with, good meals and  -   pleasant rooms.   A new building  '">   "- but the same old rates.  -   \ Km'l Larson, Proprietor,  HOTEL CASTLEGAR, Castlegar June-  ,        t -        , ���������       *  tion.'    All  modern.'   Excellent  THK kaslo  rioxKr, ���������  Kaslo, B. C��������� - is 'a comfortable  home for nli who travel to that  city..  Cockle Ss Pivpwortn.  SUKRI'.KOOKK   1IODSK  Nelson; B C One minute's walk  from fj. P. Ji station. Cuisine  unexcelled; Well heated and ventilated     _  '' Hoyov ISi-oh., Proprietor  A London doctor has been analysing  the disease called love. From a psychologist's standpoint he.defines what  Is popularly known as .'"falling in  love" as a mere/crystallisatlon of a  whole set of emotional tendencies and  Ideas round some' object. This  "nucleus ,-of -.Ideas' may , become  solidified and grow in strength," and  _, ,. to see that It does so is the task of  accomodations for tourists and. the psychologist, always, providing, of  '- ������rn���������n?e���������'Bonn?arylraiiileaves course, that tho remuneration makes  hereat-9.10a.ni. ,|t worth.his while to" call into play  W. II.  GAGE, Proprietor his    weird    and    wonderful - powers.  " . Granted' a   generous   reward   on   an  cash  basis,  our  psychologist adviser  wlil "unravel our mental tangles and  cure   our-,bad   habits."   But   these-  4       t        . Heaciquar- trifles are merely dealt with by the  lers for miners, pi^ptMlors and*nray,  when  trade  is  bad  and   lovers  railroadmen.   Gcod stabling m  nrwsthlv  m��������� i���������  o^,.���������      ,   i       ���������  connection.     Tasty   meals   and    Z   i   ,i������     'k   Ufdf  0r;  pleasant rooms. " ^f lt���������T Uc^ ,th- . *?**.. Sot  Mmselr by the psychologist is "par-  H. G00DISS0N, Proprietor.-, ticularly .to' remedy   cases   of   unrequited love or jealousy."  THE POYEJtTI OF CHINA  GRANITE CREEK HOTEL  Granite Creek, B. C,  So   Poverty .Strlokon   ore   Certain  Classes that' no Weed or Fuugrns  Escapes tho Gleaner.  "Nowhere oan *he student of man'B  Btrugglo with bis environment find a  taore wonderful epeoUiclo than moots  ith*a' eye from . a certain. s������ven-  thouoantl-foot pass' amid the great  tangle of mountains in "West China  'float give birth.'to-tho -Han, tho Wei,  land   tho , rivers   that   make   famed'  lowly Mosses and Lichens Contribute  ChkfJy lo Most Striking of the  ���������    Planet's Color Scene.    .  The two great elements of difference in the same landscapo In winter  and summer are, of course, the presence of snow in winter and of leaves  and grass .in summer. If we could  look at our.globe from the moon the  variat.on in its aspect due to seasonal  changes would perhaps be even more  fiaechuen" the   'Four-river  province.' j striimi's th"an"it'a*MeaVV 'tiosTon  Hxoopt   where   steepness   or   rook- I the surface.'  In fact, we sometimes lose sight of  I  TKK1HONT   HOUSE  ^ Nelson, B. C, is run on the Ani-  ~.     erican and European plan. Steam  heated "rooms. All white labor.1  Special attention paid to dining  ,.   room.  Itniisomo Si Ouinpbcll, Props.  GRAND UNION HOTEL  Hedley, B. C, American plan  and inoclerate'rates. First class  mineral display from all sections  ancl will exchange for specimens  from any part of the world. Rc-  . liable information will be given  '    investors and working men.  ANTON WINKLER, Proprietor.  TULAMEEN HOTEL  Princeton, 13. C, is the headquarters for miners, investors  and railroa'd men. A fine location and everything first class '  KIRKPATR1CK & JYIALONE, Proprietors.  nOTEL KEREMEOS  Keremeos, B. C. This, first class  family hotel is opposite thc G.N.  depot and under the personal  supervision of the proprietress.  All stages leave tins hotel daily,  including thc auto to Penticton.  ~Mrs.A. F. KIRBY.  ALGOMA HOTEL  Deadwood, B. C. This hotel is  within easy distance of Greenwood  and provides a comfortable home  for travellers. . The bar has the  best of wines, liquors and cigars.  JAMES HENDERSON. Proprietor  This gentleman  will  "educate  ancl  divert these  Ideas ��������� provided the subject is will-j  Ing -=��������� so that the,,loved 'object may;  become ajmere -annoying incident in,  one's   life.".    Further   good  hews   is!  contained   In* the*-declaration    that  "husbands and wives ,who get bored'  with each-other may be made happy  and   contented   in   each . other's   society."-   It  is   altogether  a 'glorious'  vista that this modern warlock opena^  up   to  humanity.    His   subtle  spells;  and  magically  acquired  powers  will'  give us ��������� at ,a certain fee 'per' head  ��������� a /taste 'of- the fearful  joys, of u  charlatan^.elysium. We smugly1 pride  ourselves, that we live in an "enlightened 'age; but tho appearance of the  psychic .treatment  for  misplaced  affection and.other'ills to which we are  heirs   suggests   some   doubts   on   the  fact.  "I  DAMPNESS AND DISEASE  riiree  Good  and  Sufficient  Reasons  -    YHiy; Humanity. Should   Keep  Away��������� from n Moist  Environment.  ESTABLISHED 1817 *   '  Capital, all paid up, $15,413,000.   Rest $15,000,000.,  '- UNJ>IVinjCD   PROFITS,    Sl,8r,5,18r> 30 -  Hon. President: 'Lord Strathcona and Mount Rovai,, g. C. M. G.  President: R. B. Angus, Esq.  Vice-President: Sir.E. S. CXouston, Bart.  -   ' General Manager': H: .V. Meredith, Esq.  Branches in London, En?. {ffiSSl!} New York, Chicago  Buy and Sell Sterling Exchange and Cable Transfers. ��������� Grant Conuneicial and  Travellers'. Credits, available in any part of the world.  SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT I"^\^I^,^:ie^ "fc  Greenwood Branch   - C. B. Winter, Mgr.  (F  ^  WHOLESALE GROCERS  Corner Smythe and Beattie St's, VANCOUVER, B. C  I  Agents for STIRT0N & DYER Cigars  The Best Value of any Cigar made m Canada .  Brands:    SALOME.    SAVANNAH.    SMART SET;  .     CARIBOO.     UTOPIA.  Dampness. Is injurious because-of  the favourable environment it provides.'for bacterial growth; it" affects  the health by reducing the supply of  life-giving oxygen, and it prevents the  tody' from performing its normal  function of elimination.  A'"damp atmosphere makes us teal  cold. This in turn affects the sweat  ducts," which close to keep in -the  animal warmth of the body, and the  Bweat glands cease filtering out of  the blood the impurities they are Intended to eliminate. These impurities  are 'then thrown back on the kidneys  and lungs for-removal, or are retained  within the system to crystallize In  the form of uric, acid, and cause  rheumatism or gout.  In the second- place, the average  ���������person, when 'engaged in ordinary  pursuits, inhales from .3 to 6. cubic  feet of. air per minute. Naturally, if  this air Is taken from a place where  the .air 1b pure and of normal quality,  the.,amount of oxygen available for  the", blood will be appreciably more  than if, taken from a .damp place  where the humidity in "the' air has  reduced ,'the amount of "oxygen and  the ah* Is tainted with musty odors  and: gases'of putrefaction and decay.  Lastly, a moist, warm environment  is the most suitable for low forms ot  vegetable- life, like yeasts, bacteria  and. molds.  outcropping forbide, 'the slopes  aro  cultivated 'from   the'.valley   of   the  Tung-ho right up to tiae'summita, five \  thousand feat above,   i t  - "Were It not -tor an agriculture of  lnoredll le painstaking, the fertility of  the eoll, would have been spent ages  ago. In a low-lying region like Kiang-  6u, for example, the farmer digs an  oblong . settling'-'baBln, into which  'every port of Ms farm drains. In the  spring, from its bottom he scoops for  fertiliser the rich deposit washed from  Ms fields. It Is.true the overflow  {from his pond carries away some precious elements, but these he recovers  by dredging the private canad that  connects Mm with the main artery of  tbe dlstrtot ' .  "No natural resource la too trifling  to be turned to account by the teem-  lag population.   The sea is raked ond  strained for edible plunder.   Seaweed  tod kelp have a plioce.in the larder.  Great quantities of shell-fish, no bigger than one's finger-nail, are opened  aad made to yield a food that finds  its way far inland.   The fungus that  springs up in .the grass after a Tain  ie   eaten.    Fried   sweet  potato-vines  furnish (the poor man's table.'    The  roadside  ditches  are  balled out for  the sake of fishes no longer than one's  ifinger.    Great panniers of strawberries, half of them still green, are collected in  the mountain ravines and  offered in the markets.   No weed or  stalk escapes t!he bamboo rake of the  autumnal  fuel-gaitberor.    The  grass-  tufts on the rough slopes are dug up  by -the roots.    The sickle reaps  the  grain close to the ground, for straw  and chaff are needed-to burn under  the rice-kettle. The leaves of the trees  are a crop to be carefully ga/uhered.  One never sees a rotting stump or a  mossy log.   Bundles of brush, carried  miles on the- human.back,, heat the  brick-kiln  and the  potter's  furnace.  After the last trees have been taken,  the  far and  forbidding heights   axe  scaled by lads with axe and mattock  to cut down or dig up the seedlings  that, if left alone, would reolothe the  devastated ridges.  the very important part which vegetation  plays  in  giving color  td  what  might bo termed the countenance of I  the pJanet.  It Is not the higher forms of plants  that always produce the greatest effect in this way. Some of the most  striking scenes upon the oarth owe  their characteristic features to mosses  and lichens. The famous "crimson  cliffs" of Greenland, which extend for  miles northward from Cape York,  derive their splendid color from tho  growth of red lichen that covers their  f-ioes, The' rocky pass called the  Golden Gate in tho Yellowstone National Park owes Its rich color and  its name to the yellow lichen covering  its lofty walls.  Considered as a whole, tlie vegetation of a planet may .give' it a characteristic aspect as viewed from  space. That its broad expanse of  forest and prairie land causes the  earth* to reflect a considerable quantity of green light to its neighbors,  is indicated by the fact that at the  time of the new moon a greenish tint  has been detected overspreading that  part,of the lunar surface which is'  then, illuminated only by light from  the^oarth. .  ee me for the Finest Suburban Subdivision  in New Westminster.  / .*���������#������������������  When Port Mann is a good townsite proposition New  Westminster will be a large "city.  <,���������, /.������������������'ii  523-524, Pacific Block, Vancouver, B. C.  OPPOSITE    POSTOFFICE  .    SUSPENDED THOLLBT -CABS  *  Latest    Model    if    Torpedo    Shape,  Prdpellor-Driven, and Indications  nre it will "Proic ii Success.  I      :^hafm>^        temperance.       \  I'      js all right if shorn of hiimbiiggery.  Too much  water drinking-is  just  %������- as_iniurioiis as too much, liciuor or  '���������"'*       _ anythiiig"cn������c���������  .OUR PURE. WINES   T  ^ND;LIQU0RS"  "������������������ ;~Ve u"e'licinal,'f "ot abused.    Every  - ^ household should have a moderate  sjipply, of pure' wine's or. liquors in  .-   the   closet   for   emergency���������either  ;_- unexpected visitors or sudden-ill'  -'ness, .when a drop of pure liquor  ���������~ih time'may forestall all necessity  for drugs.- -       '  --    Best Position in Bed  There can be no particular rule in  such a matter, says a medical expert  on sleep,  since everyone  must take  the_. position which Is most comfortable to htm, the great thing being to  have   the   body  thoroughly   relaxed.  Few people, however, realise that the  mind is an important factor in this  matter.    If on waking you find you  have been clenching your hand tightly, shutting your Jaw rigidly or keeping the legs tense, this is a positive"  [proof that both mind and body are  itense during the day.    Some effects  ;of such unfortunate daily habits may  ;be     counteracted     by     thoroughly  stretching* the body on  getting into  |bed.    Raise first one arm  then  the  |other above the head, and while pushing   and "stretching   them   up, .push  {downwards  with  the  legs. " Do  this  ivigoroualy, ��������� for a: few  moments  and  follow it by a complete letting go or  relaxation of all the muscles of the  'body.    Turn your mind to pleasant,  [unexciting   thoughts,   repeat   a   few  lines of verso or the  like,  and  the  effect of this will be felt on the body  [which will naturally assume a rest-  ;ful attitude.   Very few people lie perfectly still all night, and it is no use  frying to compel oneself to He in a  .certain position.   That would at once  produce  the  tension   one  desires   to  avoid,   and   would   be   like   staying  awake to find out how to sleep.  TEACHING THE DOG  The training of animals, to teach  them to perform all 'sorts of enter-  Ksataing tricks, is a task-that requires  talent on the pajrt of the trainer, but,  above all, demands patience and a  thoroughly methodical procedure.  Begin with the dog, and see how'he  Is taught his tricks.  The   first   thing   every   dog   must  learn is his name..  Selaet a' short,  sharpnsoundlng  name,   and   stick   to  it   Never call him anything else.   If  you have several dogs, the name  is  taught" on the same 'principle." Divide  their food, and then, placing a piece  on the ground call each in turn by  bis name, and give him. the food-when  he  comes   for  it.    Send   the   others  back  if'they  come   forward  out  of  their turn.   By and by they will learn  that a certain name Is always associated with a certain dog.    Ramble  among the dogs, and call out one of  their names every now and then.    If  (he right dog comes to you," reward  htoi  with a  piece of cracker.    Pay  no attention to the other dogs.  They  [will learn very soon;  and  the.first  great lesson ��������� dependence and obedience ��������� will have been-learned.-  ,   Having taught a dog to. fetch and  carry ��������� which he will easily learn  *��������� .the next .thing is to teach him to  go  and   get  any  object   called   for,  Place a glove on the floor; then say  to  the dog,  "Fetch  the  glove," putting  the   accent   on   the   last   word.  Then, when he has done tins several  times, place a shoe on the floor; and  jteaoh him to fetch this in a similar  manner.   Now place both objects on  j the ground,  and  teach him  to fetch  either one, as asked for ��������� rewarding  ���������him  when  he  brings  you   the   right  one,    and    rebuking   him    when    ha  fetches   the  wrong,   which   you   tak6  from him and replace. "He will soon  learn to distinguish the articles, when  a  third may be  substituted,  and  so  on until a number are on the floor.  You  should   then   go   into   the   next  room, taking the dog with you;  and  [send   him   to  fetch   any  article  you  mention.    After a little time he will  bring you the right one every time.  Similar- methods oan be adopted  with regard to other articles and the  letters of the alphabet.  While the use of a suspended car  is not altogether new, yet the' one  now .being tried out in California Is  unique iu many ways. The chiof point  of interest is the fact that it is driven  by a huge propeller, itself of novel  design, which is operated by a 26  horse-power gas engine. The car is  no mere toy model, but a fifty-feet  structure of steel aud aluminium,  which has a carrying capacity of 56  passengers. -It is built in a torpedo  shape, and will be covered with a  light, flexible covering, with celluloid  windows. In addition to the propeller  in the .rear, another will be placed in  the front of the car, doubling its  power, and acting as an auxiliary in  case of break-down.  The short length of overhead track,  about a quarter of a mile, has made  it impossible to test the new device  for speed, but it operates perfectly,  showing that It is no mere theoretical  invention. Forty people have been  carried with ease at one-time.  A number of ingenious devices,  l.'lting planes to lighten the oar .vhile  In motion, apparatus for raising and  lowering the caT at stations, etc., have  been designed to perfect this new  vehicle.  Unequalled for Domestic Use."  I Gmnwod xiquor company, Importers, emtiVooii, B. fe 9  5M������������ffl^������^������i"������e������������<M������������������������������������������^.^^  i1"*-*****.  MnimntniimmmimmimmmmtiftmimTiimmmrmm^.  I Greenwood to Phoenix Stage 1  :~ Leaves Greenwood Daily at 3 p. m. 3  g Arrives Greenwood Daily at 10 a. m. 3  IB GREENWOOD OFFICE       - - ~"  CLUB CIGAR STORE ZS  gH.   M.   LAING,   PROPRIETOR^  ^iiaiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiaiiiiiiiiiiaiiiiauiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiig  Early School Text-Books  The earliest text-book for the In-  ,'rtruction of children  was  the horn-  ,bpok, Invented In 1450 aud  used up  to the close of the eighteenth century.    A thin slab of hardwood was  .covered   with   parchment,' on   which  were  printed  the  capital  and  small  'letters,    numerals,    and    some    ele-  -montary syllables and  words.    Over  flils a thin B/heot of. transparent cow's  korn was placed  and  firmly  bound.  Uhls, the Bible, and the sampler on  which   little  girls  painfully  stitched  tho   lotters-of  the ��������� alphabet,   and   a  border  of   "herring-bone   stitch,"   or  some conventional pattern of Impossible flowers and foliage, comprised  the bulk of the education given until  the commencement of tho eighteenth  century.  WINDSOR HOTEL  The Windsor Hotel is one of the  ...���������'.-:' best furnished hotels in the West.  It is located in the heart of Green- "  woodand within easy reach of all  the financial aud commercial institutions of the Copper Metropolis. Heated with steam and lit  by electricity. Commodious sample rooms. The bar is replete  with all- modern beverages and  the cafe uever closes. Rooms  reserved by telegraph.  The Windsor Hotel Co  E. J. Cartier, Mgr.  ALEXANDRA HOTEL  OKANOGAN FALLS  This hotel is situated in one  of the most delightful sections of the .Okanogan and  provides ample and pleasant  accommodation for thc tourist, sportsman and farmer. ���������  Information about the district cheerfully furnished.  Stage line to Oroville, and  steamer on thc lake.  Some folk aro under the erroneous  Impression that ivy on tho outside  walls of a houso tends to make it  damp. A thought on this subject is  enough to convince ono of its fallacy,  since the ivy must perforco extraot  the damp from brick or stone work la  order to live, for this moisture Ja  essential to the plant  The Relort Courteous.  Workers are, doubtless, they who  shall inherit the earth. But certain  Indolent natures, gifted with wit, can  afford to take occasional chances as  residuary legatees. A writer in  ���������Vanity Fair' tells of one such fellow,  a student in a noted philosopher's  class.  The student, who was aianky youth  sat in the rear seat His attitude was  sprawling, and he was either asleep  or seemed about to go to sleep.  "Mr. Fraser," said tho philosopher  sharply, "you may recite!"  Fraser opened hie oyes.-' He did  .not change his somnolent poso.  "Mr. Fraser, what Is work?"'  "Everything is work."  "What!    Everything Is work?"  "Tes,���������siir."  "Then I take It you would like tho  class .to believe that this desk is  work?"  "Yes,   str," -wearily,   "woodwork."  A Eemnrkable Chimney  A chimney two miles high with a  brook .running through is certainly  something of a novelty. Such a chimney exists in connection with the*  copper works .at .Cwmavon, near  Aberavon, in - Glamorganshire,  Wales. This is how it came to be  built:  About sixty years ago the copper  smoke from these works, was the  plague of the neighboring countryside. It settled upon and destroyed  the grass for twenty miles round,  while the sulphur and arsenic in the  fumes affected the hoofs of cattle,  causing gangrene. The company  tried all sorts of devices to remedy  the trouble, but In vain.. Finally Mr.  Robert Brenton, who was later engineer of the Sind Railway in India,  solved the problem.  The copper works are at the foot  of a high,- steep mountain. Mr.  Brenton constructed a flue or chimney running continuously from the  base to about one hundred feet above  the summit following the natural  Blope of the ground. The brick which  lined it and of which It was largely  constructed was burned, close by. A  small spring," rushing out near the  mountain top, was turned into the  chimney, and allowed to flow through  almost its entire length to condense  the smoke. Once a year it is swept  out and about a ton of precipitated  copper obtained. Its top can be seen  for between forty and fifty miles.  He'd Keep Away  It was abh clay. Pat ancl Mike  were obliged to halt their heavily  loaded cart to make way for a  funeral. Gazing at the procession,  Pat suddenlyremarked:  "Mike, I wish I knew where I  was going to die. I'd give $1000  to know the place where I'm going  feo die."  "Well, Pat, what good would it  do if you knew?"  "Lots," fcaid Pat, "shure I'd  niver go near the place."  STOPS COUGHS HEALSTHELDNGS  1 PRICE. 25 CENTS  NEW ADVERTISING SCALE.  EHOLT, B. C,        ���������  i mm i������  Proprietor.  The newspapers iu Greenwood, Phoe- iKlSOtt,   B.   Hi.  mx ancl Grand' Forks - have adopted the '    ���������.   ,.   .���������������������������..,���������  following scale for legal advertising* *       U KL"**Sf Proprietor.  Awi^).^."?.T:^M,*������oo L First'class k everything.  Certificate of improvement Notice Steam   heat,    electric    lio*ht  .   ,(6������ days) *7*5o private   baths.     Telephone  Application to Purchase Laud No- ;- J-wcuuuuo  tiees (6o days)    ......?. .$7.50 | P   ^17   rOODOf.     FirSt-clftSS'  Delinquent  Co-owner Notices (90  days)..,. ������I0.co  Water Notices (small) 57.50  . All other legal advertising, 12 cents a  line, single column, for the first insertion; and S cents a line for each subsequent insertion.   Noupariel measurement  bar and barber shop.  'Bus meets all trains.  A "World In the Forming  The planet Jupiter, whose volume  is 1279 times that of the earth, and  superior in dimensions and weight to  all the other planets put together, is  just now attracting the attention of  astronomers.    M.   GiacobinI,   of   the  Paris  Observatory, who has made a  special study of Jupiter, has described  a red spot which possesses a relative  ���������fixity,  but within the  last year  its  mobility has increased in great proportion, and its longitude by ahout 30  degrees.    It is possible  this may be  the-forming of a new continent, but  who can say so with certainty?    M.  Camille   Flanimarion,   however,    expresses   himself   with   confidence   in  the matter.   "We are assisting at tlie  creation   of   a   world.    Under   our  dazzled  eyes a new  world   Is  being  created In the infinity, and in Jupiter  we hail the world of the future."  MINERAL ACT.  Certificate of Improvements.  NOTICE  "St. Lawrence" and "Copper Queen"  Mineral Claims, situate in the Greenwood  Mining Division of Vale District.  Where located:���������In Carmi camp.  TAKE NOTICE that I, Isaac H.  Hallett, as agent for Norman Morrison,  Free Miner's Certificate No. B29365, intend, sixty days from the date hereof, to  apply to the Mining Recorder for Cer-  ificates of Improvements, for the purpose  of obtaining Crown Grants of the above  claims.  And further take notice that action,  under section 37, must be commenced  -before the issue of such Certificates of  Improvements.  Dated this.i6th clay of January, A. D. I  19U. '     '  I. H. HALLETT.  GRAND CENTRAL   HOTEL   Opposite Postoffice, NELSON, B. C,  American and European Plans.  H. H. PITTS, Prop.  CENTRAL HOTE  PHOENIX.  One of the largest hotels iu  the city. Beautiful location,  fine rooms ancl tasty meals.  LAND ACT  Similkameen Land District.  Yale.  District of  Cutting Out the Tobacco.  The heads of tho provincial Civil  Service throughout British Columbia,  have Issued a circular to their various  offices prohibiting smoking during  office houre. Tho Canadian Pacific  Railway Jong ago itabood the uso  of tobacco by their employees during  working hours and its example has  baan generally followed by other  daxge corporations.  Saving.nn Historic Itccord '  The llttlo stone school in Nutana,  Sask., that held all the Saskatoon  scholars somo thirteen years ago and  also served as a hospital during the  Kiel rebellion, is being rapidly torn  down and will be removed to tho  University grounds to bo kept as an  historic relic. This commendablo  action is *duc to thc work of the  Daughters of the Empire; tho press  drew attention to the state of affairs  when tho school was to bo demolished  and this patriotic association took the  matter up in time to save Hie building for future generations.  TAKE notice that I, Michael Bombini,  of Anaconda, British Columbia, occupation, farmer, intend to apply for permission to purchase the following described ,lands: Commencing at a post  planted at the South-West comer of Lot  1569; thence North, 40 chains; thence  East, 12 cluiins; thence South, 40 chains:  thence West, 12 chains.  MICHELE BOMBINI.  Dated, 26th November, 1911.  A. O. JOHNSON  PEOP.  QUEEN'S   HOTEL,  PHOENIX      B.   C  The Newest ancl Largest Hotel in  the City. Everything neat, clean  and .comfortable. Steam heat and  electric light.   Meals and drinks at  all hours.  R. V. CHISHOLM, PnopniicroK.  DANNY DEANE, Makaobr.  COUNTY COURT OF YALE.  ARN0TT & HINE  Proprietors  A HI I'TlNPr of tho County Court of Y11I0 will  Ijelioldefi at tlicOomt Houso, Gicomrood,  on Tuoidny tho 23ul da*? of April, 1<)12, nt  cloven 0 clock 111 the foionocm.  Hy onlor,  W. G. McMYNN,  RcRtatrnrC.0 of V.  THE RUSSELL HOTEL  Is pleasantly situated iu the heart  of Grand Forks, and is convenient  to all tho leading financial and  comniercial instituting ofthe city.  Travelers will find it a comfortable  place to sojourn when in the city.  FRED RUSSELL  ON PARLI5 FRANCAIS  NATIONAL HOTEL  :   GREENWOOD, B. C.  The Really'Best House :  ,    in the.Boundary..  Rcccnil y. Remodelled arid -  ; Strictly Up-to-Date.  ;:.  Restaurant in connection '  MammamBaia^vtwiiMfflw^ ��������� ROY & 130 VER  PROPS.  BULL CREEK HOTEL  One ol ,thc oldest stopping places on the West  Fork. ' Good accommodation and plenty to eat.  Fish and game dinners  in season. Rooms reserved by telegraph.  GORMAN WEST    -    Prop.  .���������K>l'T  (> . :  1   ' , ^  * -���������''I'-1  OUICKLY STOPS COUQHO. CURES COLDS.  MEALS THG THROAT AND LUNGS. 28 CENTS nMi    fJ l.;������<i������ 4^-l_    ..   Ji  iW      tf 4TV-3 V  ������.WfM  *���������**,*       ������   "J   ���������  "", ,"*. ir"��������� "Tjr.nji .jr~  ���������.(������������������"  ^u^;,*.,^^  THE   LEDGE,   GREENWOOD,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  ansn*9mWfpa*aua^jayi*a}\  BOUNDARY MINES  Last week the Greenwood  smelter treated 13,345 tons of ore.  - Last    week   the   Mother   Lode  mine shipped S,497 tons of ore.  Last week the Emma mine shipped 14G tons of ore.  Last week the Granby smelter  treated 23,045 tons of ore. ,  Last week the Rawhide shipped  4,341 tons of ore.  Several feeb of gold* copper ore  wero struck in the Argo tunnel last  week.  Tho Greenwood smelter now has  plenty of coke, and the three furnaces are eating up 2,000 tons of  ore daily.  There are signs of a great mining revival in the Boundary district.  |   B..C. MINING NEWS   I  ^j^MMymmm^Mmmm^imm^^fi  Tlie history of mining iu British  Columbia unquestionably will bear  out the statement  that  there  has lCOpper now prevailing, British Co-  % remarkable harvest of gold  lumbia should  be able to resume  Greenwood's Meal Ticket  In his weekly copper letter in the  Boston, Commercial, George L.  Walker.says:  "British Columbia Copper re-  ports for 1911 a production of 9,-  944,9S7 pounds of copper, and net  earnings of $133,930, which compare with an out put of 7,143,456  pounds and a profit of 6256,561  the previous year. Its decreased  earnings were directly due to the  strike of the coal miners in the  Canadian northwest, which made  it necessary for the British Columbia company to import 41,500 tons  of coke from Pennsylvania at an  increased expense of $150,000 compared to that of local coke under  normal conditions.  Gross operating expenses were  $1,533,263, not including the $300,-  966 paid for custom ores purchased,  equivalent to only $2.52 per ton for  tbe 60S,945 tons handled during  the year. This reflects an economy  of management that is truly remarkable.  With a good supply of local coke  available and the higher price of  been  from the streams  of  the  Lillooet  country  'through   placer   mining.  The bars which extend along the  Fraser valley have been the source  of rich  fortunes  to many an adventurous prospector and the time  is approaching when the application  of up-to-date methods to the problem of lifting this mineral  wealth  from the beds of the Fraser and its  tributary streams will  once  more  be possible, and this time on a very  large scale.    We know from what  has been done iu the past that gold  exists in these river beds probably  to a much greater extent than  it'  was found in Southern California,  where dredging methods have been  carried out so successfully, and I  am impelled to the belief that with  tho construction  of this  railroad  ��������� there will be large aud profitable  investments in the gold dredging  industry.    You will see the Fraser  throughout this section lined with  gold   dredges   capable   of   lifting  from the riverbed millions of millions of gold.    I do not wish to be  ac all extravagent in my references  in this respect.     I am mindful of  the fact that the responsible office  I hold as minister of mines must  make me more than careful in anything I may say in  regard to the  mining industry, but I wish to say  that I speak advisedly because of  my own intimacy with the district  and from reports which I have had  sent to me   by   independent   explorers ancl miners, and from all  these sources I am satisfied that  there is a wonderful future assured  for the Lilleoet both as a placer  gold dredging proposition and as a  lode mining center. ���������Premier McBride. i  dividend payments this year.    At  its present price the stock is cheap.  B. C. Railway Policy  Construction of the Kettle Valley railway over the Hope mountains to facilitate the transport of  the natural products of the Nicola,  Boundary, Similkameen and other  districts, to the coast. This will  assure that a great market will be  opened for the coal and other natural resources of the Nicola  Valley. In addition to this a combination railway and traffic bridge  will be built across the Fraser  River at Hope to connect with the  C.P.R. mainline. A cash grant of  about $500,000 ($10,000 per "mile)  will be made for the railway down  the Coquahalla to Hope; and in addition $200,000 grant will, be made  to help the construction of the  bridge over the Fraser.  Construction of the line to Hope  must be commenced this summer  and completed before July 15th  1915.  The guarantee of bonds to the  amount of $35,000 per mile for tbe  construction of a line from North  Vancouver to Fort George. Right  of way granted free and townsites  also. This to be built by the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. Government control of freight rates.  Extension of C. N. R. from  Kamloops to Lumby via Vernon,  and a line from Vernon to Kelowna  and the east side of Okanagan lake.  C.N.R. to build 150 miles of new  line on Vancouver Island. Government to guarantee bonds up to  $35,000 per mile and construction  to commence within six months.  Extension of the E. &. N. on  Vancouver Id. from Parksville to  Cotnox and consent to lease of. E.  & N. lines to C.P.R., the E. & N.  agreeing to pay 1 1*2, cents per  acre for its lands, this yielded  $18,000 per year to the province,  C.P.R. agrees to pay $387,000 to  the province to ofl-iet the iaterest  charges on the Shuswap & Okanagan Railway.  The' province to purchase the  unsold portion of the B. C. Southern and Columbia R. R. land  grants at 40c. per acre, the total  sum inyolved being about $1,000,-  000.  The C.P.R. to take over and operate tho Kaslo & Slocan line, now  owned by the G. N. R. The province to give a bonus of $100,000  for this purpose.  The total mileage involved in  this policy is S50 Of this tbe Ft.  George lino will amount to 450  miles; Kamloops to Vernon and  Okanagan Lake 145 miles; K.V.  R., Hope Summit to Fraser 50  miles; and tho remaining 205 miles  will be construction on Vancouver  Island.  HOLMES ON PARTY  AlANUFAGTURING jeweler,  The Only Up-to-Date Optical pj pi  CfllU   D f.  Department in the Interior. n{&IUO\!in% UA3.  The high cost of living when you  .   buy  groceries   at   these   prices:  FRESH EGGS, 35c a dozen.  FANCY BUTTER, 35c a pound.  COAL OIL, 25c a gallon.  SWIFT'S PREMIUM HAM, 20c a pound.  BROWN'S, FERRY, WASBC  ARGO   TUNNEL  "Liberty is often a heavy burden  on a man.    It involves that necessity for perpetual choice which  is  the kind of labor men have always  dreaded.      In   common    life    we  shirk it by forming  habits  which  take the place of self-determination.  In      politics,     party-organization  saves us the pains of .much thinking before deciding how to cast our  vote.    In religious matters,-   there  are great multitudes  watching  us  perpetually,     each     propagandist  ready with his bundle of finalities,  which, having accepted, we may be  at peace.    The more absolute the  submission demanded, the stronger  the temptation  becomes to those  who" have been long tossed among  doubts aud conflicts.    So it is that  in all the qniet bays which indent  the shores of the great ocean  of  thought, at every sinking wharf we  see" moored tho hulks and razees of  enslaved or half-enslaved   intelligences. . . . Happiest of souls, if  lethargy is  bliss,  aud   palsy .the  chief beatitude !" ���������(."Elsie Yen  ner," Chap. XVIII.)     '  For the Choicest Double Lots  at RIGHT PRICES in Calgary  ,__________!____���������^^^a^Sm���������ma-m-mmmmmmW-mmmV-tam^  Also Best Real Estate Buys in Coast Towns, see L. L. Matthews.  ALBERNI   PROPERTY A  SURE  MONEY  MAKER  Easy Terms.       Close in Lots.  IZ     lZ     MATTHEWS  Present Office:��������� WALTER   G.   KENNEDY'S   CLUB   CIGAR   STORE  ORIGIN OF WOMAN  Made from grape Cream off Tartar; ahsoiuteiy free from alum-  Vox sixty years American house-  wives have found Dr. Price's Cream  Baking Powder a guarantee of  pure and wholesome food.  According ~to a   Hindu   legend  this is the origin of woman. Twash-  tri, the god Vulcan of the Hindu  mythology, created the world, but  on his commencing to create woman  he discovered thaf'for man he had  exhausted   all   his   creative   materials,  and not.one solid.element  had been  left.    This greatly perplexed Twashtri, and caused   him  to fall into a profound meditation.  When he arose from it he took:  The roundness of the moon.  The   undulating   curve   of   the  serpent.  The graceful twist of the creeping plant.  The light shivering of the grass  blade and the slendcrness of  the willow.  The velvet of the flowers.  The lightness of the feather.  The gentle gaze of the doe.  The frolicsomeness of the dancing sunbeam.  The tears of the cloud.  The inconsistency of tho wind.  The timidity of the hare.  The vanity of the peacock.  The hardness of the diamond.  The cruelty of the tiger.  The chill of the snow  The cackling of the parrot.  The cooing of the turtle dove.  All of these he mixed together and  formed a woman.  Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations.  f^OAL uiiniug rights of the Dominion,  *���������* in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Al-'  berta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of British  Columbia, may be leased for a term of  twenty-one years at au annual rental of  %i an acre. Not more than 2,560 acres  will be leased to one applicant.  Application for a lease must be made  by the applicant in person to the Agent  or Sub-Agent of the district in which the  rights applied for are situated.  In surveyed territory the land must be  described by sections, or legal sub-divisions of sections, and in unsurveyed  territory the tract applied for shall be  staked out by the applicant himself. ���������  Each application must be accompanied  by a fee of $5 which .will be refunded if  the rights applied for are not available,  but uot otherwise. A royalty shall be  paid on the merchantable output of the  mine at the rate'of five cents per ton.  The person ��������� operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for tlie' full quantity of merchantable coal mined and pay the royalty  thereon: If the coal mining rights are  not being operated, such returns should  be furnished at least once a year.  * The lease will include the coal mining  rights only, but'the lessee may be permitted lo purchase whatever available  surface rights may be considered necessary for the working of the mine nt the  rate of $10.00 an acre. ;  For full information application should  be made to the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any  Agent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.  W. W. CORY,  Deputy Minister ofthe Interior.  N.B.���������Unauthorized publication of this  advertisement will not be paid for.  E. W. WIDDOWSON, Assayer and  Chemist, ' Box H1108, Nelson, B. C.  Charges:���������Gold, Silver,'Lead or Copper,  $1 each. Gold-Silver, or Silver-Lead,  #1.50. Prices for other metals: Coal,  Cement, Fireclay analyses on application. The largest custom ?assay office in  British Columbia.' " -   -  Day and night shifts are constantly at work on the long  tunnel that is being driven  by the Argo company, and it <  is expected that a large body  of gold and copper ore will,  soon be struck. The property adjoins the city, and  tourists and others are always welcome at the workings. .  OLA L0FSTAD, President.  ���������"MSWBgraB***^^  . The Kootenay Monumental  Works, Nelson, B. C, manufacture all sizes and kinds of headstones and -ionuments.  LAND REGISTRY ACT  IN THE MATTER of an Application  for Duplicate Certificate of Title, No.  402is, to lot 22, block i,, map 46,  Greenwood, B.C.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN  that it is my intention.at the expiration  of one month from the date of the first  publication hereof to issue .Duplicate  Certificate of Title to .said lands to Prudence Berg, unless in the meantime I  shall receive valid objections thereto in  writing.  W. H. EDMONDS,  District Registrar.  Land Registry Office, Kamloops, B. C.  February 14th, 1912.  HOW OLDJEOPLE  May Prolong Their Lives  At an advanced age waste is more  rapid than repair. The organs act  more slowly and less effectually than  in youth. The circulation is poor, the  blood thin and watery, the appetite  poor and digestion weak.  We want to say to every aged person In tills vicinity that Vinol, our delicious cod liver and iron tonic (without oil) will prolong life. It creates  an appetite, aids digestion and makes  good blood.' In this natural manner  Vinol retards waste and " replaces  weakness with strength, giving new  life to tha worn' system.  If people in this vicinity only, realized how-Vinol invigorates old people  we would not be able to supply the  demand.  Try a bottle of Vinol with the understanding that your money will be  returned if it does not help you.  John L. White, Druggist, Greenwood.B.C.  Had His Reasons  <i  j! Get your Razors Honed ]  and your Baths at  Praw ley's  Barber . .  Shop, Greenwood,  t������Q9@Q������9&&0&&&9&Q������������e&Q9������9$  GREENWOOD and  MiD WAY, STAGE  Leaves Greenwood for Spokane  at .7 a. m., and for Oroville at 2:30  p. m. Charles Bussell.   -  W.F.M.  Greenwood Miners  Union, No. 22, W.  F. M., meets every  Saturday evening in Union Hall, Copper street, Greenwood, at 7. ,   -  Also in hall at  Mother Lode mine  Friday evenings at 7.  BEJRT de WIEL.E, Secty  LYNN CREEK DAIRY  DELIVERED  To any part of the city or district  J. McDONELL, Proprietor  1 Plumbing and Tinsmithing 1  Our complete stock of Plumbing, and Tinsmith/  ing material has arrived and we are now in a position  to do all kinds of job work at greatly reduced prices  in any part of the city or district.  PHONE  12  McArthur & Clerf |  ������*  TO CANADIAN ARCHITECTS  Once an old Scotch weather  prophet at Whittinghame informed  Mr. Balfour that '���������It'sgauu to rain  seventy-twa days, sir." "Come,  come," said the statesman, "surely the world was entirely flooded  in forty days." "Aye, aye!" was  the response, "but the warld  wasna' sae weel drained as it is  noo."  Note by the Way  Men who ought to be Insurance  Commissioners���������No. 1: Mr. Ingle-  sant, who has just celebrated his  107th birthday, and gives as his  rcceipe for his old age, "Live a  simple an entirely outdoor life.  Eat what suits you. Don't take  any notice of doctors.'  Competition   tor   Nkw   Univkrsity  Buildings   to   be   erhcted    at  Point  Grey,   near   Vancouver,  British Coui.mbia.  The Government of British Columbia  invite Competitive Plans for the general  scheme and design for the proposed new  University, together witli more detailed  Plans for the buildings to be erected first  at an estimated cost of {1,500,000.  . Prizes of flio.ooo will be given for the  most successful Designs submitted.  Particulars of the competition and plan  of site may be obtained on request from  tbe undersigned.  The designs to be sent in by July 31st,  1912, addressed to  THE MINISTER OF EDUCATION,  Parliament Buildings,  Victoria, British Columbia.  Pert Paragraphs.  The profundity of death should  make up for the profundity of life.  Occasionally   a  woman  buys a  hat that actually looks like one.  Above all things mind your own  business but be keenly alive.  LIQUOR ACT. 1910  (Section 49)  NOTICE is hereby given that, on the  first day of April next, application will  be made to the Superintendent of Provincial Police for the transfer of the  licence for the sale of liquor by retail in  and upon the premises known as the  Rock Creek Hotel, situate at Rock Creek,  British Columbia, from H. S. Pittendrigh  to Thomas R. Hanson, of Riverside,  British Columbia.  Dated at Rock Creek, B. C, February  19, 1912.  H. S. PITTENDRIGH,  Holder of Licence.  THOMAS R. HANSON,  Applicant for Transfer,  MATHIEUS SYRUP  0^PP^S������'tMat^^OMJLm^  S:.'rt:-,i--,"~Avr*:������; ���������.**,ISbi .voiJww t*t!'?*  Distributors for Western Canada  Foley Bros,, Larson & Comoany, Inc.  Winnipeg, Edmonton, Vancouver, Saskatoon.  HEALSTHELUNGS  ffKICE. 25 CENTS  .'Iwio.   |iy  iletli, llD.CS.  i  JACOB  COULD  SCHURMAN  The President of Cornell University >..'  When Jacob Gould Schurman was a boy on his'fathcr's backwoods farm  on Prince Edward Island, where he was born In 1854, educational advantages  were scant in quality and costly in time and energy. Books wero few, tho  one newspaper that connected the family'with, the outslde'world was but a.  provincial weekly, arid the district school was taught by ono teacher who gave.,  the staple things of education, with no fancy dishes of tho modern class.  When Jacob was thirteen he had to become self-supporting, and secured  a clerkship of the general utility type in a country store at thirty dollars) a  year and his board and washing. In his second year he received sixty dollars,.  and with this coming of wealth came a longing for a better education.  In two years he had saved eighty dollars aud with this as a bulwark  against starvation ho attended tho village high school, studied voraciously  day and night and entered a competitive examination for a scholarship at  Prince of Wales College at Charlottetown, on tho Island. He won the scholarship of sixty dollars and went to the college. Then after a year of teaching  ho went to Acadia College, where his appetito for prize-winning became in-'  satiable. He won a scholarship of $500 a year for three years offered by the  Univorslty of London, followed by his winning the traveling fellowship of  the Hibbert Society, and other prizes, scholarships and similar rewards, with  predestined certainty and monotonous iteration.  He studied In London, Paris, Edinburgh, Berlin, Gottlngen, and half a  dozen other cities, and when six or seven nations had glvon him all they  could supply but not nearly all he could absorb, ho returned to Canada aa ���������  professor in one of the colleges.  In 1885, Andrew D. White recommended him to Cornell, and the year  following, at the ago of thirty-two, he became head of the Department of  Philosophy; in 1891 was made Dean of the Sage School of Philosophy, andj  In 1892 he received tho degree of Doctor of_Laws from Edinburgh University  and became President of Cornell, being tho only man even considered for a  moment for thc position.  Dr. Schurman Is iomnrkable as a lecturer, broad and liberal as a teacher,  searching for truth with his studonts rather than giving them his opinions  as finalities; sincere nnd thoir-ugh as an Investigator; clear, eloquent nnd  effective m an orator; simple ancl direct as an author; and as a man, popular,  niajrnptlc. sympathetic, sterling' and broad-gauge.  r iter I '''"' !!������J l.i A' I i>r tin' I'.. Tun. -ilul (' u.. I.i, In I'll' ��������� -->r 1301,   ������ W, C, Mack, ut tliu Hi-;-irtmciit u' Ajfrluuur*.  '  i  "1  IT  A  A  3.. .  -     i  4  *-i  'VI  n  '*���������������  (n  "'A  -f!  >i,1  (V-  J-r-WHSi-VI fl* UH ���������������*  '!r^^*^KtiiteKSii3&Js^^r������l!*a^������!:J!*/  ~~ "


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