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The Ledge Apr 18, 1907

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 \v  ft  i  <  i  <>  -' rraruiuK iit rcr"-~���������imi  .   ,     REGINA   WATCHES     ;  AT ALT; PRICES. <��������� * '  ' ABSOLUTELY GUARANTEED  A, LOGAN & CO.  -WATCHMAKERS AND JEWELERS  I      '   ' ' . ��������� I  Vol Xlil.-'  FRESH CHOCQLATES  McCONKEY'S CHOICE VARIETIES, 15 CENTS.TO $3.00.  WHITE  BROS.  DRUGGISTS.  " .'OPTICIANS.  GREENWOOD, B. C, THURSDAY, APRIL 18,1907.  .No; 43  ��������� I���������',,.Around .the nines-  The dianibnd drill will be started  on tho/Elkhorn in'a few days and  ' work will be- discontinued-in "the  crosscut at the 300-level until the  property'has been thoroughly prospected with tho diamond drill;  ��������� Alex. Miller, manager of the  Helen .Mining company", 'returned  to   Greenwood-last week,    after  ��������� spending   the   winter east.'     Mr.  Miller -.visited   Cobalt, , in which  " cam [Hie is* interested,  during his  absence. ��������� , .  . Reports from the Riverside mine  near Rock"Creek state-that the lead  is improving with development,  and is now fully eighteen-inches  wide in the face. The ore carries'  considerable native silver and runs  from 200 to thousands of ouuees  to the ton iu silver.  Robert Wood came down from  . JBeayerdell Tuesday last. He is  working in 'the old stope of the  Sally and taking out from fifteen  to twenty sacks of good clean ore  daily with six men. Reports from  '������ both the Duncan "and Rambler, he  says, are very encouraging,, although he. has not been able to  visit either of-these properties for  the.pasfc couple of months.   '        f  -Weiwood, A. F. Thomas, Chas.  Wilson, R. Roy, Jas. Cameron,  K. McKenzic, J. W. Wilson, E.  J. Car-tier, M. McAllister, 0.'" IT.  Fair and -E. Rcdpath.  Already, about $1,500 has "been  subscribed and it is expected another thousand.will be secured.  From the general committee sub  committees will be appointed and  itjs expected one of the "-best celebrations ever held in the^ Boundary will be the outcome.  It is the intention to fix np the  ball grounds, so that horse races  may be held there. The sports  will consist of horse racing, athletic  contests, baseball tournament and  rock drilling contests.  1907 wall papers" now in stock.  Not only the best for the money,  but the best at any price, at McRae Bros.  in accordance with recommendation of>the city engineer ,-and that  the   Holmes   & ' Kennedy service  would have to be lowered  Alderman Sutherland gave 'notice "that he would introduce a fire  protection bylaw.  - OfliceiyMulhern was instructed  to notify all delinquent water consumers, that waterworks bylaw  would in Wuturc be strictly enforced.      ''  The mayor brought up the question of holding a celebration on  Empire Day, and submitted a list  of subscribers showing about $000  already subscribed. Council decided to help out in the matter by  a donation to the celebration.  Following accounts jvere passed :  $M9 75  3 oo  10 oo  59 oo  E. A. Black, Phoenix, sells the  best in jewels, diamonds, watches  and clocks. Remember this when  you go up the hill. '  FIRE IN LAUNDRY  The electric moter and hoist for  the Crescent Fraction arrived last  week and  were taken  up to the  mine   Thursday.     The   motor   is  10-horsepower and was purchased  ���������through   E./G.    Warren   of   the  v Greenwood Waterworks company.  -   The motor and hoist will be in po-  ~ sition in a few days and the power)  turued on. '"    ,  Thirty tons of ore were shipped  from the * Strathmore   this week,  making in all 50 tons of high-grade  oro from the mine this year.    The  ore averages  about $40 per ton in  gold, and from $ 125 to $175 in silver   making   a   total   average of  between $180 and $200 to the ton,  in all  values.   No effort has yet  .Jjeon made to. ship large quantities  6rore, the object being to develop  the property-and block out the ore  to tbe 200 foot level"before- regular  shipments are attempted. ��������� The ore  so far shipped is just that which  has been oncountered in necessary  development.     No   stoping    has  yet been done.   ���������  Three   Chinese  Burned .to   Death  Monday Morning.  About   1:30   Monday, morning  a lire occured in a laundry on Silver street, .which resulted in' the  death   of   three   Chinese���������Que, a  cook, who .was about twenty'years  of   age;   Quong   Wing   Hong,   a  laundryman, and Jim a cook, who  were middle-aged. ��������� The three, who  were sleeping upstairs in  a lean-  to attached -to tho main building,  attempted   to    escape    and   hadj  reached the door at the bottom "of  the stairway wheu they were overcome.  The alarm was turned in from a  house on Gold street at 1:30 and  when the brigade arrived the building was a- mass of flames, with  about   thirty   excited,   chattering!  Greenwood Citv Waterworks Co  Thos. Branagan   A. S. Black, coroner  Fire department   E. W. Bishop X -;....    32 40  Nelson Daily .News     3775  B. 0. Gazette:'       5 qq  Benson & Lofstad -       3 00  White Bros .}  50  Council adjourned.  Coal Mine Strike.  Fernie, April 15���������The anticipated trouble at the coal mines has  broken tout. The mines at Coal  Creek and Michel were at a standstill this afternoon, the men -at  both camps haying quit work, removed theii; tools and many have  already applied at the colliery offices for their time statements and  have been paid off. So far not very  many have left the camps.  At   6.30  tonight  the following  notice was posted around town :  ern announced several months ago,  has resulted in an indefinite postponement of many important railway-projects in the,west particularly in'Washington. There has been  a lack of funds available for projects not actually under way when  the stock issue was planned, and  almost " the ��������� entire improvement  program will.be cancelled for the  year!  "The Wenatchee-Oroville line,  140 miles in length and projected  to cost $1,000,000, is the'most important" branch to be temporarily  abandoned. Work will not bo  started on this line till next year.  The���������Everett depot, .together with  all other similar improvements on  the entire line will be held up.  "The Great Northern is now lay-  ling the tracks on its Victoria, Vancouver aud Eastern Railway be-  sween Oroville and Keremeos.  The grade has been completed to  Kermeos and the grading crews  have been laid off. " On'the west  end 'the company is constructing  lines between CJoverdale .and Su-  mas, Blain and Oliver, and Westminister and Oliver. These will  also be delayed."���������Chesaw News.  buying company asked for fpermis  sion to assay ore .taken from thol^f  buildings. This was granted and ^  samples were picked from the walls  at various heights and on various  sides of tho buildings, the assays  running in value from $3 to $24 a  ton in gold and silver. The values  averaged about $8 gold a ton.  As the buildings were Jbuilt in  various bonanza epochs it was found  that the values varied to ,������a large  extent. For instance, a wall on  one side of the house would assay  Of -Local Interest  When copper looks like 30 cents  cents the- whole Boundary can  smoke Royal Seal cigars.  posted  "All miners, mine workers and  other workmen are requested to  keep-away.from.the coal mines 'in  Alberta and the Crow's Nest Pass  Chinese dancing around, who had  apparently made no effort to break  in the door and attempt to save  their companions, although they  knew that the three men were in  the building.  - Coroner Black held an inquest  on the bodies Monday afternoou  and a verdict of accidental death  was returned.  The building, on which there  was no- insurance, was owned by  Chas. Stooke of Midway.  Mr._ Macknight, (member of the  ���������Professional - Photographers Association,) City Studio, Greenwood, is prepared to photograph  groups, buildings, machinery, etc.,  anywhere within 100 miles radius.  district. Dispute pending. By  order of the* district executive  board, United Mine Workers of  America."    >  A meeting^ the officers of district board IS1, United'Mine Workers of America,, was held here  yesterday afternoon, all the members being present. The nature of  the business .transacted   has   not  been made public.  District president Sherman states  that the referendum vote so far  taken in district No. 18 shows over  90 per cent, of^their membership  to be in favor of striking. The following are the figures : ,  Coming:���������A Copper.Billionair.  The richest man in the world is  Jonn D. Rockefeller, y/ho mabe his  money from oil, a mineral product.  The next richest man is probably  Andrew Carnegie, whose wealth  came from iron���������also a mineral  product.  [ Alfred Beit, at the time of his  death,- was said to be" the richest  man in England. His' fortune  came from the earth, too, but iu  the shape, largely, of diamonds.  The first billionaire will be a  copper man, say Los Angeles Mining Review. There may be no  royal road to learning, but there is  a royal road to wealth ; and it is  that which is marked by sane, far-  sighted exploition of the world's  treasures���������the basic   natural   re-  a low value, whereas a wall on the  other side, built at an earlier or  later time would assay a high  value. A man's kitchen might  assay 00c. a ton and his parlor $50.  That the walls are found'to contain more gold than silver values  is due to the fact that the old patio  process of treating the ores was  more effective in extracting silver'  than gold values and the slimes left  were richer in gold than silver.  It will be harder to build such a  town in the future, as the camp is  uow fitted but with modern appliances for treating ores.  PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.  I have this date sold The Ledge  plant, good will and business to  Jas. W. Grier.  Greenwood, April 15, 1907.    R. T. Lower v.  R. Graham of Deadwood left on  Monday for Spokane.  Geo. H." Croply left Monday  morning on a business trip to Spokane, to be absent about a week.  A birthday party by the Ladies'  Aid Society will be given in the  Presbyterian church on "Thursday,  April 25th.    Everybody welcome.  R. G. Sidley of Sidley, B.C., is  selling thojstock and implements of  the big ranch which he lately disposed of. See particulars on  second page. .  Duncan   Mcintosh   leaves   this  Dr. Mathison, dentist,' Naden-  FJood block.  W. J. Twiss, the insurance man  of Vancouver, was in the city this  week taaking risks that are not  risky.  "R.   H.  Burnham,  district pas-  j senger agent of the Great Northern railway, was  a  visitor in- the  city this week.  Thos, Walsh- left for Spokane  Saturday last on a , trip for his  health, and will be gone a month  or six  weeks. ' ' ���������  Contractor Bunting is pushing  the work on the new Pacific hotel  and the building will be well on  toward completion by the end of  this week.  J. W. Clute, customs inspector,  left for the coast the early part of  the week, after paying an- official  viait to all the customs offices of  the district.  Axel Stunenberg had his foot  badly crushed at the Mountain  Rose mine, near Eholt, Monday  last from which he will be .laid up  ���������for some weeks.  Ben Woods, formerly in the  merchant tailoring business here,  returned Sunday last after an absence of a year aud a half at the  coast and in California.  The Windsor hotel is receiving a  coat of paint this week. Some of  the other hotels in the "city could  be much improved in . appearance  by following thej-example of the  Windsor.  The people of Midway have so  far raised $500 for their annual  celebration of Empire Day, and  this amount will doubtless be  largely increased in the next couple  of weeks.  John Binge had his right leg  fractured   between the   knee'and  sources existing for those who have lie is interested in a land compan  _1    'II     ..... _ _ tT���������    ...III         l__l. .  week for Spokane.    After spending  a few days in that city, he will go I ankle and  the foot crushed Ved  to the Northwest territories, where nesday   morning   at   the   Mother  paper sold by Coles & Frith I  in and look at them.  Step  WILL CELEBRATE.  Greenwood  Will Have  Sports  on  Empire Day.  A public meeting was held iu the  city hall Tuesday evening to consider the advisability of celebrating  Empire  Day   in Greonwood this  year.     Mayor   Bunting   occupied  the chair and briefly stated the ob-  ject of the meeting, after which A.  D. Hallett was appointed secretary.  The chairman then  asked for an  ���������expression of opinion from those  .present-as to the advisability of  having a   celebration on the 24th  of May. Messrs. Cartier, Roy,  ��������� y������ellwood-   and   Sater   expressed  themselves as strongly in favor of  ���������a celebration, holding that Greenwood had given way year after  year in favor of other towns in the  district, and  thought that it was,  about time that tho courtesy should Works.    Referred to Waterworks  bo returned.    Mr. Russell thought j committee.  Michel  Fernie   -  Lethbridge  Coleman   -  Lundbreck  Tabor.     -  Frank  Hillcrest   -  Bellevuo ^  JKor  J318  717  117  ���������   285  G5  -   39  - 110  3!)  - 01  Ag'st.  85  45  S  4  2  15  S  10  9  Coleman,   Alberta,    Union officials notified  ,. The flowers in May are about tuatour, employes refuse to con  due; but the flowers on the wall [tinue at" work and have struck, re-  T'l.  403  7G2  125  2S9  07  54  IIS  49  70  April   15���������  us tonight  skill to take them. In the devel  opment of any great industry some  man stands out pre-eminently, and  reaps great reward in riches, distinction and power. The copper  man has not yet appeared yet there  is already in this country a group  of men each one of whom hopes to  be to copper mining what Rockefeller is to oil, or Carnegie to steel.  And the prize will be to him who  can control not railroad rates, but  economies in production.  There are already many copper  millionaire, and there will be mamr  miM<n Wl.~     ...:il     I..,     j.l._        *  more.     Who  billionaire?  will be the. copper  CITY COUNCIL.  At the meeting of the city council Monday night there were present Mayor Bunting and Aldermen  Desrosiers, Gulley, Sutherland and  Wood. Minutes of previous meeting were read and adopted.  Applications for water were received from J. >L. Coles, C. H.  Archibald,   and the Nelson Iron  gardless of pending reference to the  conciliation board, now being appointed and which they applied for.  (Signed) International Coal &  Coke Co.  it would be hardly fair for Green  wood to interfere with the annual  colobnition at Midway, if. the.'.people o*f that town iu tended to celebrate this year. A motion was  passed deciding to celebrate.  Mayor Bunting was elected chairman, and A. D. Hallotfc secretary,  of general committee. Others appointed on tho committee wore Geo.  ��������� Reports of three fires were received from the fire chief. Referred to the finance committee.  The clerk was instructed to  secure an estimate of cost of putting in a bath tub for firo department.  Water committee reported that  change had been made on Dead-  wood street and Kimberley avenue  ,;jA beautiful home is a joy to  every woman. Properly put on,  the wall paper sold ^by Coles &  Frith will turn even a shack into  a miniaturo palace on the inside..,  He who smokes a Kootenay  Belle cigar will surely live to smoke  another day.  Won't Build.  If the reports are true Okanogan's dreams of the railroad up the  valley from Wenatchee to Oroville  are to bo converted into a nightmare. Tho following from St.  Paul explains tho situation :  "Tho action of Minnesota's attorney general in holding up the  $00,000,000    stock    issue   which  .Smelting: a Town.  One reads of romantic castles-of  silver and palaces of gold, but they  are the dreams of fiction���������now they  have    discovered     something   as  strange on the   map   of  Mexico.  The buildings of a whole town have  been bought at so much a ton based  on assays from the' adobe walls, I  which give gold and silver values.  This town in Guanajuato's suburb,  Tepetapa,   at  a   value of  about  830,000.Mexican currency.  The value of tho little town was  revealed wheu the Mexican Central  decided to build into the city of  Guanajuato and to establish a station there. '  It was found necessary to tear  down about 300 buildings which  had been built of the slimes produced be the grinding of ores from  tho numerous mines of the district.  Straw wamnixed with the slime to  make the adobo bricks.  When it became known that the  Central would have to tear down  He will probably be away about  three months.  A. Sutherland and Mrs.  Sutherland arrived from Oxford county  last week on a visit to Alderman  Sutherland.    The two brothers had  not "met   for   twenty-four  years.  Mr. Sutherland  may possibly decide to remain in the Boundary.  Killed in Slide.  Sandon���������A snowslide last Friday swept across the American boy  ground,   carrying   away Foreman  John Hilchy.     He was walking  on the trail between  number four  and   five tunnels.   Tho crews of  both the last chance and American  Boy have been out searching for  the body, since the accident.   A  large party,-but" this morning at  daybreak, found the body a mile'  from the point where he was struck  The deceased's collie dog,   "Bess"  was mainly instrumental in finding  her master's body.   The body ap-  [ peareJ from the shoulders down  uninjured, but there were severe  cuts on the head.   It is supposed  that he  was  killed  instantly   by I  timber in the slide  as   blood  can  now bo traced down tho slide.  W. E. Vwickey, manager of tho  American Boy, arrived this morning from Victoria. The, body has j  been removed to Kaslo, and relatives supposed to live at Edmonton  liavo been communicated with.  The deceased was about 33 years  old and leaves a wife and three  children.  Lode mine.    The leg was caught  between  the   cage aud the "shaft  timbers.    The ambulance brought  him to the hospital, and at first it  was thought amputation  would be  necessary, but it was finally decided that the foot could be'saved.  J. J. Caulfield left Thursday last  for Victoria, where he has  made  investments in real estate, and will  probably reside permanently.    Mr.  Caulfield has been connected  with  business enterprises in  Greenwood  for   the past ten  years of that time  ."Cariboo Brand" Tape Gutla  Percha Fuse is the- highest grade,  grade. Huuter-Kondrick Co.-are  distributors. ':','.  Harry Dickinson of Rossland is  in the city.  No man is prohibited from smok- ���������  ing Magdala cigars.      " *   -  Try New England bread. Made  only at the Greenwood Bakery,  Copper street.  The usual monthly scarlet reception was held in the city hall  Tuesday afternoon.'  Neil   Falkiugham  left Monday-  morning for Cobalt to  woo fortune  in the'land of boom and huge promotions.  Hugh McKee and party came  down from the main river Tuesday, having completed their timber contract with the Yale-Columbia Lumber company.  Mrs.    Jas.    Dimmick   arrived  Tuesday evening from Walla Walla  to joiu her husband, who has taken  over the restaurant and rooms of 8  the Kootenay hotel.  Jas. C. Dale" returned from  the ���������  West Fork Monday last, where he,  he had   been  showing parties interested in a colonization scheme  over the district.  For Sale���������A good piano,  veiy  cheap,  and  household goods and  kitchen furniture.     All must be  sold before 22nd inst.    Apply Mrs.  T. R. Drummond.  -   Foreman Wilmshurst is- repairing the wagon road between Greenwood and Midway, after which he  expects   to be   ordered   to   Rock  Creek where extensive road building is contemplated this season by  the government.  Special efforts have been put  forth this season in selecting our  stock of baseball gloves, mits, bats,  etc. We have the goods you want  and can save you some money.  McRae Bros. ������ n  Austin Logan, of A. Logan &  Co.. reached his majority last  week. He tried to evade the consequences of reaching man's estate  but the band and fire brigade  wouldn't have it that way, so a  reception was held in the fire hall.  The many friends of W. S. Keith  in th# Boundary will be pleased to  learn that ho has been appointed  to the position  James J. Hill, of tho Great North-' theso houses an enterprising  ore-  Half tho flattery in the world is  expended on women, tho other half  on tombstones.  When it comes to excuses any  man can be an inventor.  aldermanic board, and one of the  most clear-headed and progressive  men in the council. He was one  of the incorporators of tho Russell-  Law-Caulliold Co aipany, one of the  largest mercantile concerns in the  interior. His many friends will  regret that he has decided to leave  Greeeuwood, and will wish him  continued business success and  prosperity at the coast.  At   the   meeting of the Kettle  River Fish and Game Protective  Association,   held  Saturday evening,  the committee appointed  to  secure members reported  1UI who  had paid into the association and a  number of others who had signified  their intention of joining but had  not yet paid.   It was decided to  place   fish   ladders  at  Boundary  Falls and Cascade, and permission  will bo asked to remove the Dominion Copper Company's dam between   Anaconda   and   Boundary  Falls..   T. Stuart Palmer was appointed Kiimoand fish  warden by  tho association for tho district, and  his duties will bo to secure convictions for infractions of tho law.   It  was decided to admit boys to mein-    of superintendent  years.    During of tho smelter Jat Swnpter, Oregon,  ho was on the owne(1 ty tlw Oregon Smelting and  Refining company.  The work of lowering the water  pipe at the corner of Kimberley  avenue and Deadwood streetc is  beiug done under the'.superintendence of R. A. Nicholson. Owing  to the lowering of the street grade  at this point it is necessary to  also lower the pipes to escape the  frost. .  Clay   Maun feel  and family loft  Monday for southern points to try  his fortunes in some new camp.  Mr. Mauntell was a resident of the  Boundary for a number of years  and was very active in union matters.    It doesn't always pay to be  bo aggressive on the side of the  workers.   The Ledge  wishes him  prosperity wherever' ho may locate.  At a meeting held in  the city  hall Monday evening au athletic''  association   was   formed.     Some  thirty peruons joined and roomt)  have been secured at the corner of  Government and Deadwood streets.  A largo wrestling mat has been  put  down,   and   other necessnry  material is being procured for an  up-to date gymnasium.    Everett  Baker,  tho wrestler,  will  be in-  borship at tin annual fco of 25 cts. Istruatoiofav the association.  JsL Greenwood. B. 0, April 18, 1907.  n\  rilB GREENWOOD LEDGE.  *** 1  1  (around  Greenwood   wo  expect  to  ! obtain two  or  three  mon', advor-  ' tisements in tho city.  Indication:; jioint to (he invest-  ihnt tenderfcet would have to pay  6^  We luivo di.'cidofl io clour on<; our entire stock of |  h. Men's ;md lioys' Furnishings. In order l.o do this |  1 rupidlv. wo l'nivo reduced our prices io loss ihan |  1 .wholesale cost.   No reserve.   EVERYTHING   FOR   MEN 1  1 AND BOYS TO WEAR AT LESS THAN WHOLESALE PRICES. %  $100 nn acre for what cost most of  the vendors far loss than 810.  However it iipponrsilike the wrong  way to .settle up a country, but no  rncnt. of a largo amount .,1 ^'o''" ,'^bt it is ,)Htl.,. ������,;,-,; m/(; hflving  oapiial in tho liot.ndary during the j.,. ^^  ^  ^    Thb ,}m(1 Hpp{ju_  coming      summer.        Prospectors,,  , .    ,. ,  ' -> ' . lalor   must   liv<!   and  should dress up all their chums aud :  When yen want a monument or  headstone, write to the Kootenay  Marble-Works', NuIhoii, B. 0. '     *+  up.  must   live,   and   the public  '. must pay the price, ospcckillv when If.  have (hen ready for inspection- imMMl]|l,C(1 wifll ,,���������. ^j,.^, (nvn =  when the men   of   millions slop at  ^i:illlll>iii|iiiniilillillllliiiil!lillii!lllii|i|llillllililillillii|l!illlliliiliiini^  m  our door In search for the red metal.  something that is popular. Once  it was milling claims, but now  fruit and timber are about all the  world can see in tho famous Koote-  -1  tr������i������''*������  Turc retirement of  I-.ord Aylmet  from 1 he high  position  lie  has oc-  %   icupicd in tho Canadian militia has i ���������������"-}'���������     Ti>ll-U  ������������������  world . wags on,  I   'caused a storm in the. armv i-iivlos '���������d ������'0 man knows what, next will  .,       ,     ,,        .     |   \>f this   peaceful   Dominiim.    The|:lU���������'li ll������' <\���������!l,ul   *>inWi  of iho���������  ftiCU S  1*00118 |   ;ai)J10intllU,llL of u  sif,k   ,���������,���������   liUoiiu search of a chance  to;-of,  their  [jgKSSsKSas^SSi!^^ ; Yidal in ,his place looks as though | money   >"  wo might  looks as  though' it'  might 'yet become an important 'own   in the in-  TA Women's Goods  our  THE SMOKE  government    was    hound   to  f~)f j������$\ make the people pay a big pension  ~* j to retired army officers.  i _  Is published cvorv Tluu-sdiiv:;it Given-' ,,  '       ,%       .  -        .     .-   . i    Jack I/ivy says  lie  is our old  wood, N. C, and the price l* >s a year, | f  From   British Lion  and postage r,w to aiiP.-u-isof c^ud^miLed! college chum.    He probobly iWers   iStat-es, Mexico sind Oroal Jii-iiaiii.   Tn! iu the time when  we   met him a I  .Mainland (Jiu'ai'S  Cftll  be'other countries it is sent postpaid   for   Kevelstoke. during (ho days when  action.     In   conclusion  say   that   old  Xakusp  CONTRACTOR  BB  n  m^^m'^s^^m^m^^^^sm&m^s^^^^^^^s^^,^^^^^ssi^  THE "'MICHEL HOTEL:".  Still retains itr-t supremacy as tho    nest hotel'in the.Kootenayfl.-  Ostermoor Mattresses    .  IJCIean linen and Good Cooking  Excellent hunting in "season.    Good trout fishing in the Elk"  river and neighboring- streams.'   Address all communications to  . ��������� Thomas Cralian, Manager, Michel, JJ., <J.  -:$?  Address all   lcttcis to The  seen all over British* Co-1 Lc^' ('^'���������']'Ji- c-   i R   Ti lov/ERY,  lumbia.      Win.   Tiefieiv      editor and financier.  (erior.     We   lioji������:  so.  for  it   was  :-:   Dealer in ���������'��������� %  f Windows, Doors, .' j  fe Turned Work* and |  I {Inside; Finish, i  | SlMMiUtt, MilCK, HTU. I  I MANITOBA I  I Wood Fibre* Plaster I  h "      PHONE], 65 j  %li!llllllllllllllli:!lillli!!llii:iliiilllllilllll!l'illllilll!llll:llllll>i!iilllliillltl#  there  that  the   wandering  Ledge  had  if-;   aceoiielnneiif.  during  the  days when   Dan   MeGillivray  was}  kin. of that section, and   Hig  Jim  T}1������ WlllClSOl"   IlOtCl  a man had to study chemistry in I McDonel only had one* mule,  order to make a grubstake by com- j Tempos fugit and tho scene  l)ining tho various 1 king-5 contained  changes.    Dan   has  boon'pushing j  ���������in air  and   wafer.    Of  course the  ' lessons  were  abandoned   when  a  makes them in Vanooii- oriwnwood. h. c. apk.il is, iwii,,,,.,,.  walked  info  the lent ami  , .^y%^_^,^,,^^,^^.^.       ^~.,^~., 1,lj]JjfOC| ],jj. nos(, against th.o cannon,  ver.   and   Xat Dariirii'-,  of Grand  Forks,  H,  C, caters to  niiiu'i's, iiiucliiiuici'.iiiidi'.inulLcriiicu  A. B. Sloan, Manager.  <Un fo>rj'������5r j lVj j CT^'  sells them on I he road.  H.wk you  ever' seen  an   frisli  t* dm cr.i������s**������jr������ r.*  miser  DR. MILLOY  DENTIST  07 irASTIN'GS EAST  VANCOUVER  I)u.    .UcI-vrviM-:,    a    Melhodist  preacher in .Los Angeles, has just  | done something that will   hand his  J name  along the  road  of  history.  Xi:cl:i: grouch,  ing in it.  clouds with tbe angels for years,  Jim is on the coast with a bank  roll large enough \o gag au elephant, while we are hero in fireen-  wood gazing at tin' copper tints of  the smelter smoke and dreaming!  about the days when everybody in j  camp had a fat  ad  in  our journal \.   ].>0,TU]ai,  and no quest ions asked. | Greenwood lodge, Wo. 28,  A. K. *  ���������TOttiii*--- all t-liii t! ^���������^Aa/^>iiv^^^'^^&^a^^y',a^^'t^5i-'^-^'rd' A. M". are hold on the first Thurs  (1  'A  ���������  A/V  monthly   meetings of  i .BANK OF BRITISH I0BTH AMERICA ���������;  ESTABtlSHED   IN    1036. - ^  $4,566,667.       ������   ������ '.    Re$WW $'2,23$,667 ' '���������  A General rianking Business transacted  Interest allowed on  Savings Accounts  a I; cui-j-ent rates.   Open a. Savings Ac-'  'count and lay the   foundation   Cor   a  fortune-.  H. F. STOW, MANAGER   GREENWOOD  BRANCH..  There  is noth- ;-|[0 declined a  raise in his salary.  i stating that he v.... _, _,   ,  When j I TALLOWGR APHIC NUSE J  ._L 1    1    V .  Kk helps  himself  who helps his j was necessary for his needs.  When j|  ���������al paper. 'I more jiaisons like Jrcfntyre stand jg  d  local paj  Coo |)  !     Have  cleaned your backyard'?  [ in our pulpits we may look for tho j P  y0U  I .1���������,.;i     <-,.      (!r,rv      +���������     +l,r,     crl..n..n;in   o,|1(] j <?^  day in each month, in Fraternity  , hull, Wood block. Government St.,  ' Greenwood.    Visiting brethren are  i  devil to flee  to tbe sla-pilc and j ^^*^Wft^*������<*<***^; cordially invited to attend.  i bathe his blistered face iu   tears of j     Oia.vi)    VoiiK*,    April   1S.-A I      K. (K W-UiUK.v W. M.  ,,.".' ,'       ,     .  .     ;fi,.",Vii.-  I'P.nnrse -uwl dele-1.    Cood i citizen   has  discovered   a   way  to i J. S. ISiuxn-:, Secretary  \\ HUN- Cobalt needs good minnigifl<--P'l,,j iemoi.se ano (K,i(...t.   uoou; ( ^ _  -r, i i Innl- in    tlir.    T.nMf.    n'lrsnn    fip    I ,7b I lllilke ffOKl Ollt 01 Jill. ^^^.^n^au.11111   Xo one is prohibited from smok- men they come to the Boundary..   j luck to_ the  noolc  p.u.-,on  ot   l.os. *   ! .        . ..  iii������r Magdida ciyiira during Lent. j Angeles I          !    Io.voit.VNCi-: and fear pay  aeon-,     tr   ,,   ,.r , .      ,   .                                             b J                   11. G. A\ atso.v has resigned the  editorship of the Forme. Free Press.  lie was a" fair  writer,   considering  BANK   OF   MONTREAL.  '4-'^  3  4,-j,  ^  H-V  ESTABLISHSD   1817.  PAID   UP   CAPITAL, $14,000,000.        : REST, $1 1,000,000 --.[fjj  - UNDIVIDED P ROFITS, $159,341.84  i                                                    UIVUIVIUCU   fKUNIS,  $lb������,941 .O* "   fr jj  r������~j!   (icnur.il lliinhint,'r.usiuo-^lTriiiifittik'il,    Driifts U-ueil on nil point-;, and Collcti-    f--H.  " ,   ��������� tion-f Hindu ul loivest rates. .     rtfj  SAVINGS BANK DEPARTMENT   }   W. K. PROCTOR,  ir+!    INTEREST ALLOWED AT.CURRENT HATES     I MANAGER GREENWOOD  BRANC  ���������(���������+.���������-   _     ... ._���������-..  i   '   _  ���������_...  ^-r:T+'^+:f;f:f;+"+:F:  ^^:+H���������-+.���������l-+.4;-H.++H-^:.-h+:^:.+'-r:*+;  h fj:-4  -e-^.  <M"  F. M. LAMB  PROVINCIAL LAND SURVEYOR  GREENWOOD   B. C.  stant tribute to all the learned professions.  r. A. Hkxsox  One of the best- appointed workingmons  Hotels in the City.  The Finest of bars, stocked  with the best  Wines.  Liquors and  Cigars.  The wisest of all men is he who j the chance he had upon a corpora-  ncver  takes too little or too much j| t-ion-fed   journal,   and  was never  of anything.     .-. known to drink out of a bottle or  Oi..\ I.O.--ST.W)'    ix lhe H0llIid;U-y the deuce spots iff��������� at the: devil's  playthings face  bother  some of  the  people  more! upward  on  the  table.    After  his  . than the spots on .the sun.   . I lonS service in Fernie. -Mr. Watson    .is  certainly  eligible for a position  Miss Ciiowi.ky's singing in the; 01i the Toronto Globe. We wish  United States is reviving the fame (inm success wherever he goes, for  of -Rossland and Kootenay. 1 he certainly lias passed  through a  : fierce journalistic experience.  Doi:s any   scientist   know  howj    j many pair .Noah held when he was I     Ghit,    perseverence    and   hard  : running tho wheel on the Ark ?       ; work, allied with steel and powder,  | . ~._ I frequently   woik  wonders  in   the  ;     Tn.-: world has many people who | mh        wo].](]_    A ^ e]ev(Jn y^  Asiinoi.a,  April J8. ��������� Drinks are i  tree in   this   town   for  thirty days 1 Q'_  and a large, emigration is expected.  u>.J  iKEY  Xkw Dkn-vku,   April' IS.���������lieal  estate is steady ami  the  boom has  not   yet  made any  difference   to:  Jim Ward.  XKLSON, B. C.  WllOT^SATd-:  riK.vuUiS in;  i Produce   ahd   Peovisioks  A\'.\sHix(."m.N-, April IS.���������Con-;  gross will pass a bill prohibiting;  railway wrecks. The undertakers |  are voting strongly against it.  Wi:sntiiir>r;!-;,   April    18. ��������� Gdr-J  man West has struck  a line chute  of  potatoes   in   the long tunnel he  was running to tap a  lead  of winter cabbage.  C  S.  > 0        J.VA.  CRANBRQOK���������U. C.  T  Xi;i..-o.v.   April  18.���������Fruit  was  discovered here  last  summer, and  Lighted  throuo-huift .with  electricitv.   Jlot   and ��������� cold  baths.^  . RATES:  iU)ard and room s?l per day  Strictly f irst=class Service  FURNISHED ROOMS  Ily day or wei.'k ; S2 a week  and up, at the Commercial  hotel, Copper street, Greenwood.    Bath Jin connection.  P. POUPARD  ALL THE STAGE  Arriving in and leaving  Greenwood have head-  .quartcrs at  Chenier's  Gigar Store  Pipes, Cigars, Cigarettes and  Tobaccos  to   suit your  tastes, your fancy or  .your pocket.  J. A.-OHENIEB " "PROPRIETOR  Next door north of Pacific hold,  Copperistrect, Greenwood.  are like blind pup.-about all they j q[ ,)fnim]i)lg agRills6 the  r0(.k in n j fchis Sprillg a RVClit munber of pros-  ' ^" J   "  "'" '"    Slocan   mine. Frank  Grillitli  has (pectors   are   outfitting   to   go   in  run into  a  bunch  of  2,000-ounce , search of it.  know is the time to take nourish  nient.    V.VNC'ouvi-u: is nob yet metropolitan enough for the News-Advertiser to keep paid locals- out of its  city news column.  Tin: unrest so noticeable now in  America will end in revolution.  After that we will wash up and  start life over again.  Has lhe largest stoclr-of Pipes, Tobaccoss  Cigars null Smokers' Sundries in the interior of 15. C Mail orders receive  prompt attention. ,-  h under tho management of Greig-  & Morrison.   The rooms arc comfortably furnished; and the bar eon's.  tains thebestbrands of wines, liquors  and cigars in the city.  ore, and -he will soon be able to  hire a Pullman and visit his old  Ohio home. Frank deserves his  bonanza, for few men will hammer a drill all alone for eleven  years before striking the ore that  pays. If tbe Slocan had more  men like Frank the tale of woe  that Moats on the air of that camp  would -rapidly fade away like a  stack of hot- cakes  in   fronl of a  Aixswoirnr, -April IS.���������-Teddy  "Roosevelt is expected to arrive  here this summer and Charley Olson is already painting stars and  stripes on his palatial hotel. j  Lo.vdox,   April   IS.���������King   Fd- j  ward   lias    issued    strict    orders'  ���������ne f  to selling his farm, the undersigned offers  g Horses, Cattle and Farm Implements for  I.v the Uoundary a copper stack  has a blue   stack   pushed  so  far  over the slag pilo that you eannot j ���������mn from Missouri.  see it with a telescope. I   9   ��������� , ,      in-   1 I     mks.   Tho.���������* C'onv..i:   became icat,le   ,1������,I,e  t,n,uk   t,,,s  m01'mn^  (',,in'CK | insane because she  could   not get  h^uU^^ at a'little over half cost; TERMS GASH,OR AP-  Dui.vK,   and  the  crowi  with you, but you. have, to sober | ;nto .j0pliri society  after her bus-  tip "with' only one companion.   -His'l'i^'d" ]i;ld niaile  inUlions in mining  name begins with an R.  Goi.i) was recently discovered in j  Vancouver.    Some timid s|ranger  probably   hid  it  away   from   the  sight of the real estate agents.  It would be wisdom on the part  of provincial police to secure and  file recent copies of the .Illustrated  Toronto Globe. They might prove  useful for identification  purposes.  Tin-: Cranbrook Herald is ten  yeai'H old and its optimistic editor  has grown so rich that he often  rides in a Pullman. Ho is the best  Grit.v/e have ever known from  Missouri.  Nkvkii do tilings'in a small way.  operations. She brooded over the  lockout until her mind topled into  chaos. She would probably have  gone insane if she had obtained  admission to the select circles of  ���������,,,,.,. ��������������������������� ..a���������^     iPEOVED-NOTES.  '    ��������� '  JJmim.i.n,   April   IS.��������� I he. Kaiser j  came   liojne  drunk   this  morning! Thoroughbred Hackney Stallion "SentinelI."    This horse was brought  from   Finland  by Colonel  i ���������< ���������.. t,,. , i .I...I   I',,.  ������... - ui,���������������������������������. I Hcnt <������f the British army, and specially rccoinniended by him.     12 work horses from 1100 to 1300 lbs, from  and if i> feaied that lit  ������.* show-, ������10() ^ ^^ ^       12'mtWla horses, S25 to S100 each ; 2().yoariings aud two-year-olds, 810 to $75  each ;  ing Uie town to a .gang  ol   fcllows'y bram| of |ijH]ge hopaoa Qf whidi th(!,.e m-e ;;o or ,110re on the range, SloO. '    wbe recently escaped fronrl'hoenix. y Thoroughbred Jersey iitill "Thunderer" aged 5 years, (the mother of the bull took  first prize at-  ~ " ; the Toronto exhUiitionVSlOO.    75 head of domestic cattle of these .30 are gentle cows of which 21 aro fresh  : calved, S20 to'875 each. -  Thoroughbred Herkshire lioar ".nob-o-link" ;    15 Berkshire sows, weighing about 300 each ;   30  head of choats, 12 ets. a pound live weight ;   Turkeys ;   Toulouse Geese ;   Pekin Ducks ; Chickens.  Twenty tons baled Timothy Hay Two O-ft.iMcCormick Binders, each       "    $100.00  Job printing of cv^ry description  done promptly at The Ledge.pllice.  lUINKKAl. A<;r  Certificate of Improvements  xoncK \  Joplin, and her fate  is a  sad  re- j'-sniiiiimiicn" Mineral cinim, (iiunt;! tii^onvn  minder of what may come to'thosej  who get suddenly rich.   It is some-;  Mines better to stay poor and keep;  out of what is called society  Mrs. Connor !  'Tom'had.always driven a stage or  rim   the hoisting business on    a  brick building.  worn!   Minim;   l>lvist'������i  of   Vain   District  Wlii-i-o Ifi'Kitml:    In IX'ii'lwooil Ciimii, ml-  joining llu: lv:i I.t'iKiro.Miiiui'i'.l (Jlnllii.  '    TAKK N'OTIOKtiiut I, Syilnuy M. .lolin.son  ���������/rci! ,\liiu;r'H.Ci!rllli(.'.-itij No. . Uiuo.1, iirllni? f������f  ���������,���������. Ift-ir, nii-t an. uwiit for siihicy S. <)|i|kmiIii-Iii!'.m-,  "   i Krn'Miiiur'uCurtilicul'iX". IKIIfl, Int������iiil. ntxly  T{[>f,t(>r for  hf'r tli.'it.   '^e/sn-'iiKlati-liwa'r.'to n|iply tu tlio Mlnliit:  JJLIU.1  IOI    IU.1  VIl.ll. ; ).(,'l'.,11,|,..rfui-H(>riilir.Mi^1.,r Iigpr(������vei������������fllitH, for  tlii:iuiriii)e'rt'.if ulitnliilii^ii Crown (iranl. of lln;  "iliuvi! rlalm,  Anilfin-tlicr tiikii  nollei!  tint  action,   tinilcr  .-n.'':t<)ll    37,  nlii.it.    Im   comniuiiceil  licfon;   thu  iKsnaiice ofrfiicli Cm-tHiontcor liii|irovi-iiiciit<i.  Iiatn'l llii.i l'tlli iliiv of Jlnrt-li, A, D. Km".  SVONKV M..IOILVSON.  YJC OLDEi\r DAYS.  The other day we read in a-"Winnipeg paper an alluring advertisement about the fruit lands around  Steal a loaf of bread and you will jjsTakusp, which arc "being offered  get thirty days.\ Steal the whole! f0I. Ha.i0- ut .81.00 an acre. Years  bakery and your cliancesjarolfair to ; a.g0j wi,en printing a paper in Xn-  become a meinhcr of some  legisla  tlvo piracy.  Moiik  than  kusp, we sometimes  r-IINRKAI. ACT      ���������  Certificate of Improvements  NOTICK  "Mill   Fractional"  .Mineral   Claim,   :<itll.ili!   In  tlicOrceinvooil Mlnliw Divi-'I'/ii of Yale l)U-  fivcl.   Wlnti'i! lociitcd:   In jDi'iulK'orjil Oain|i.  TAKK iS'O'l'IOK tlml. I, Jt, A. Ilolln-ook, I-V.-b  , ,   ,, Miner'*! Ccrtllicat N'o. Ilioii'i, lutmiil.iixly il.i.yn  lOtlgllt tllllt   fronitliii il-itc Iiarcvf. io hiijiI.v to Hi i MIiiIii������ 10-  , ,, i ,i     1      ., i ,.iii-i|(.r foriiCartllicittiicf linin-'ivciiiHiiM. for Uii,  tllO clay WOUld COIIlC Wliell the llllld \ ,,���������r|������o.������jor olitalnln^aOowiidranltotlii! iiliovn  1.1,000    men    are around and tributary to that beau-  ,'1'11'"  tiful townsito would bo all  under  working in   the mines of Butte.  When   such   a  force   is working cultivation, but wo did not dream  And' fiirllnT tulii' not leu Unit- action, muter  Kwllriit Mi iniist Ii..- emiiiiiHiii'i'il  ln'foro tlio i*',n-  iiriro of hii'cIi 1.,'ciitlllcati' of liii|ii'oyciiumt.-t.  "     -..I' Mnlr-li, A.D.lwr.  lialciltlilH illli ilny i  M A. IIOLIIUOOK.  Twenty tons baled Wheat Hay  Fifty tons Clover Wheat Hay    --  Thirty tons Oats     . v.  Twenty tons Chopped Oats and "Hurley  Seven "tons ^V'heaf���������, both fall and spring  Ten tons bald Barley  Three tons fall Itye  One 32 in. ..eylendcr.Threshing .'Machine  and 10-horscSweep Power.Power is new.  Cost $1000, selljor .'-���������'��������� - - - SGOO 00  One De'derickHay Baler, cost ������000,sell for '100 00  One 12-horsc-powcr portable engine and  boiler .'-.''���������- - - - - COO. 00  One 30-horse-powcr Tenco portable boiler 300 00  One 22 inch Turbine Water Wheel    . 300 00  One self-feed Croscut Saw Rig       -       -     150 00  One Champion (11 in. plate) Grain Grind  or and Klevator -       -       -  One Manure Sprcade.iy new, cost 8200  One Sharpies Cream Separator, new  Ono Babcock Milk Tester, now, cost SIS  150 00  1.50 00  80 00  10 00  One G-ft.. Massey-JIarris Binder       -       - 75 00  Three  Mowing Machines,   820, $40 and 00 00  One Tiny Bake        -       -       -       -       - 10 00  One Hay Bake     -       -       -       -       - 35 00  Five Wagons from ������40 to 8100 each..   .' '-"���������  Two Disc Wheel Plows, each           -       - '75 00  One 2-furrow Casady Sulky Plow         - . 50 00  ���������Two single furrow Plows, each   -.���������-'.��������� - 25 00  Five Walking Plows, each SG to   -       -: 30 00;  Ono M-disc Hadsier Drill       -���������;... -       ^-    70 00  Ono 14-diac Thomas Drill   -       -         - 70 00  Two 4-horse "Acme" Harrows, now, each 35 00  Three 3-section reversible Scotch Harrows ���������   20 00  One "Boss" 10^-ft. Harrow       -       -     - '.^8 00  One Mann's Corn Cutter       -       -       -   ^ lib 00  One Great Western Steam Heater   -       - 25 00  Ono Turnip Pulper and Slicer       -       - 20 00  One Cultivator, 8-ft. changeable teeth     - 45 00  Incubators,   Brooders,    Garden   Tools,. Sleighs,  Buggies, Hack, Etc., Etc.  R. G. SIDLEY, Sidley, B. C.  >;j  I������  M?  ���������T*������u������aii������*nft������W9h,%,WI M������W.������*W ������ ���������Wi;  THE GREENWOOD .LEDGE.  Greenwood, B. C, April 18, "'1907.,  yF-Ffr"-  H-ftr.:  rH>  ^.i+V  sfebfctr  :W4^Fi-fT:H'ffi*Wf'^+^  I}  ftfe  id  ?9  King's -'Liqner Scotch-Whiskey'J  ''���������   .'      '.12 Years Old  J: \V. Burmcsl'cr s White Port.   '  /las. P]cnnessy-& Cp's 3-Sfcar Brandy  31  IMPORTERS, GREENWOOD, B.C.     |  ���������-"The new and up-Lo-datc Tripple Indemnity   -  . 'Policy of the Ocean Accident and Guarantee *  ���������   "' Corporation,.Ltd., the largest .accident com- ._.  panv hi tho-world.  -Assets over $7,000,000.  FREDERIC W. McLAINB  DISTRICT AGKXT', GRIvP,N\V00D, B. C.  In Addition to .  we still sell all classes of  Get our prices wlieii your house needs  .furnishing'.  '     , THE "DIGGER INDIAN.'  ' ���������-'.../' '���������> ���������-- '  . :-j"   The Rcv;'D������in Harris, writing-  to the iMail-iOmpirc," hns this" to  say about Hlie Digger Indian :  To me the nio.sfc interesting and  Apathetically attractive members of  the hninan.).i;ace in North America  tire, -the melancholy remnants of  the, early 'tribes in Lower Calif or-  nia, withering away in tho desert  lands and-^inountain ranges, and  now almost extinct. In ,the history of the!'human race wo have  no record .of any tribe, ehm or  family thiit had fallen so low, or  had approached. ;is near as it was  possible to the state of offal* animals, as the wretched Coehimis or  Digger Jndians of Lower California.' The Cocliitnis, unlike any  other family or tribe of American  Indians, occupied n. distinct position of their own, and. indeed, may  have-been a distinct people. Shut  .off from, the. mainland by the Gulf  of California to the'east, and impassable deserts on tho north, they  were isolated it may be for thousands of years, from all coinmuni-  catiion with^ the other aboriginal  tribes, and uufcil "the coming of the  Spaniards under, Otondo in 1083  they knew nothing of the existence  of an outside world and its people.) in the womb.  abandoned people that I dare not  touch on.- Even- the barbarous  tribes of Sinaloa aud Senora, from  their privileged lands- and hunting  grounds across the,.gulf, looked  down .upon the half-starved crea-  hires-and held them in detestation,  as did the Puritans,on the wrecks  of humanity that occupied the soil  of Massachusetts.". The Europeans  of Ofcondo's expedition who, in  1GS3 atleiuptpil "to establish a settlement on the .peninsula, were astonished ad a condition of savagery  lower than they had ever heard of  and their disgust and horror were  so great that*they abandoned the  intention of settling in the country.  Powerless tinder the awful .conditions under which they wore compelled to support existence, know-,  ing nothing of cultivation of any  kind, doomed to inhabit a land  afDieted with sterility and where  game was scarce, the Cochiinis,  amid "all tho tribes of America,  were tho most wretched. They  were a long-haired, wild-looking  periple, scorched into negro black  ness, "naked and not ashamed.  They uttered a noise like crying-to  express friendship or joy. They  bore only names" of .common gen  der which they received- while yet  NELSON,. B; C.  IHgBaagSBBMagEBSglBSgSB&feBBKfl^^  Is the best furnished hotel in the Boundary  district. Ic is heated with steam and  lighted by electricity. Excellent sample,  rooms. The bar is always abreast of Lhe  times, and-meals are served in the Cafe  at any hour, day or night.  Eraest Jo Caiiillair  Kootenay Engineering* Works  NELSON, B. C.  "Founders,  Machinists and  Iron .Workers  Aerial   Tram.    Castings,   Huilders'   Materials,   Mill  and Mining Machinery  P. O. P.OX 403. B. C. TRAVIS, MANAGER.  Makers of the Crawford I imd  Their language and tribal dialects  had no affinity  with  those of the  northern and southern nations."   It  is doubtful, indeed, if they were of  tne same-peoDlo, for their customs,  habits,    racial " peculiarities    and  characteristics allied  them to the  Maori races of the Pacific islands.  Sir William Hunter, in his chapter  on  the  "Son-Aryan  Eaces," describes   the   Andaman,  or  "dog-  faced man-eaters"  of India as a  fragment of the. human race  that  had reached   tho  lowest   possible  depths   of   hopeless   degradation.  After the Andanians he "classed the  Leaf-Wearers of Wissa. Dr. Kane,  the Arctic explorer, thought it was  not possible for human  beings to  fall lower in -degeneracy than the  fugitive Eskimos, the Ka-Kaaks,  whom he met'^at  Godsend Ledge,  where his ship was ice-locked, and  where 57  of his dogs went mad  from the cold and died.  They were  foul and filthy, and  when  he fed  them raw meat and  blubber, each  slept after eating,  his  raw  chunk  lying  beside  him   on  the "buffalo  skin, and, as  he  awoke,   his  first  act was to cat and next to sleep  again.    They did not lie down but  slumbered away in' a sitting pos-  [ ttire with the head resting  on the  breast.    These .savages were compelled by the intense cold to clothe  themselves and  construct  protections,   but   the    Digger    Indians  roamed completely naked, had no  huts of any kind, and  indulged in  poroniac aiid' sexual indecieneies  pitiful in their destructful  results.  The "noble savage" of  Dry den  and Cooper is all  right  in  poetry  Without fixed abodes they  roamed the country, in search of  food, supporting life on snakes,  roasted grasshoppers, the fruit, in  season, of the cactus, the pithaya,  and roots dug up along the dried  streams, and from which' custom  they were called the Digger Indians. Their" ancestors had almost exterminated the larger game  of the peninsula,the deer aud antelope, the big horn and ibex. They  tracked the flight of buzzards with  greedy eyes, and followed to share  with -them the putrefying bodies  of 'animals dead from disease or  killed by pumas or mountain lions.  'When'animal food was found or  captured, such as a hare"'or jack-  rabbit, they attached a small morsel to a cord and after swallowing  drew it out again in a few minutes  aud passed the half digested mass  to another, who repeated the pro  cess. Other'articles used as food  Cc'innot be described'iu magazine or  newspaper. Yet they were not  canibals, and in ^abstaining from  human flesh formed a striking contrast to the Aztecs, of Mexico Oily,  who relished human_ llesh, salted  and cut up-.the bodies of prisoners,  and sold the meat, at,the public  markets; They were a people  without law or tribal rules or gov-,  eminent of any kind, were more  gregarious than social, and in their  extremity of hunger stupefied  themselves with the fumes of wild  tobacco. Otondo's colonists charged  them with ignorance, ingratitude,  inconstancy, and laziness, and said  they were the lowest of human  beings. . The Jesuit fathers wrote  more kindly of them, but then we  must remember that from the day  tho Jesuits began their first mission among them the Digger Indians became their spiritual children.. Morality, decency and honor,  of course, were dead long before  the coming of the fathers. This  was the land and these the people  to whom in their awful -abandonment and unspeakable degeneracy  the Christian 'priests brought the  gospel of salvation and the hope of  resurrection in this life and the  life to come.'  9 U  That the Most Delicious Tea in the World  Willie���������Did y'ou ever see a fish  jump out of the water, papa ?  'Papa���������Yes, my son'.  Willie���������What, did he stand on  when he jumped ?  The child is father of the man.  Not much; the baby who rouses the  neighborhood at night grows up  into the man who takes off his  shoes so as not to waken his wife.  Tea is packed in Sealed Lead XJackets.  .  MOST PEOPLE USE IT.   DO YOU?  .AT ALL GROCERS.  IS A FIRST GLASS ADVERTISING  .igggggggg MEDIUM  AND THE PR0DUGT 0F ITS JOB DEPARTMENT IS STRIGTLY HIGH GLASS.  T  HE Al  . COPPER ST. GREENWOOD  None but lhe best brands  of liquors and cigars.  Morning bracers and  and evening hyballs. always,"within easy reach  of the "barkeep."  0. A. DEW1PSEY prop.  Mountaineer and Kootenay Standard Cigars.  Made by  % & tftclln $ 0o., nelson  When you want a monument or  headstone write to the Kootenay  Marble Works, Nelson, B. O,  Midway.  Dealer in Dry Goods,'- Groceries, Hoots [and Shoes,  etc., etc.  IU  GRAND FORKS  Jeweler and Optician, dealer in  Fine Watches, High-Class Jewelry,  Diamonds, etc.  F. F- mebscHeS  MERCHANT TAILOR  Silverton, B. .C.  Is the home for all tourists  and millionaires visiting Xew  Denver.   British J Columbia.  HENRY.  STEGE,   PROPR.  J. S. Cameron.  Leading Tailor of the  Kootenays.  Sandon, B. C,  KASLO  HOTEL  E. W. WIDDOWSON  PROVINCIAL ASSAYKR and  M IvTA LLU RGICA h CI IK M 1ST.  Gold Silver Copper or Lead,eacn. .������r oo  Gold-Silver $i 50   Silver.Lead. .$r.5*  Zinc. .������2.00    Gold Silver with copper or  .lead. .$2.50.  I'lompt attention   given   to all samples  25 per cent,  discount upon five sample.->-  glSAKKKlsr., NELSON.  I*, O. Drawer, iroS. Phone, A67  The Reception Hotel  In Camborne gives all its patrons  Hie pmest food, drink and ^cigars.  James Lindsiey' Prop.  ������ Ts*opposito the Grent Northern dcpotr aud is   a   de-  I rightful haven for tho weary traveler.   Great veins  I of hot water  run   through'  the entire   house,   and  bathrooms arc always at   the service of those ��������� in  search of material cleanliness.   Tho dining  room is  an enemy to dyspepsia while the artistic appointment  of the liquid refreshment room makes the drinks go  . I down like eating-fruit in  a flower garden.   The  I sample rooms are the largest in the mountains and  '   a pleasure to drummers with big trunks.  JAS. MARSHALL, Prop, g  SUBSCRIBE FOR THE LEDGE  romance,   but the real man,  when you meet him and know him,  is indeed a creature to  be pitied,  against whom  the elements have  conspired and with whom circumstances have   dealt harshly.    God  delivor us from the man of nature,  unrestrained   by fear of   punishment, unchecked by public opinion,  by law, or order, untamed by social  amenities, unawed by the gospel of  the hereafter!   One of the wildest  of illusions is this dream of the nobility of the savage. .The nearer  we con-,0 to the man  who has no  higher law than his own  will,  nor  knows obedience  to a higher authority  than  himself,   the   nearer  we come to finding a savage brute,  who   eats   raw   meat,   wears   no  clothes,  loves   dirt,   hates peace,  wallows in the filth of unrestrained  passion, and kills the weaker man  he   does   not like   whenever   the  temptation conies and  the opportunity is present.  Thero aro certain disgusting details entering into the social habits  "nd niauners of the unhappy and  About  Float  Float is not a periodical.  It is a book containing 8(>  illustrations, all-told, and  is filled with sketches and  stories of western life.,   [f.  "tells how a gambler cash-  in after the Hush days of  Sandon ; how it rained in  New Denver   long   after  Noah was dead;   how   a  parson   took   a   drink at   -  Bear Lake in early days;  .how justice was dealt in  Kaslo in   '03;   how   the  saloon man outprayed the  women in Kalamazoo, and  graphically    depicts   the  roamings of a western editor amongst the tenderfoot in the cent belt.    It  contains the early history '  of ^Nelson and a romance  of the Silver  King mine.  Jn it  aro   printed   three  western poems, and do'z-"     ���������  ens of article, loo nuin-  -erous to  mention.    Sond  for one before   it   is   too  late.   The price is twenty-  live cents, postpaid to any  part of   the   world.    Address all letters to  TV Loweryl  NELSON. 15. O. ��������� '  The.  The Kootenay Saloon  Sandon, B. C, has a line oi nerve  braccis uusurpa.Shed iu any mouo-  tain town 01 the Great West. A  glass ofamiatpimi given free with  spirits uienti."  KASLO B. C,  Is a comfortable home for"  who travel to that city.  all  COCKLE & PAPWOETII.  NELSON EMPLOYMENT AGENCY  Nelson, R. C.  Mines,    Mills,    Hotels,   etc.,  ��������� furnished with help.  O. LOVE; MANAGER  ������������a  Good accommodation and  reasonable rates. One of the  best supplied bars in (he city.  Dining" room and lunch  counter in connection.  t^ejuoHt house  Xelion. B. C, is rim on the  the American and European  plan.   Nothing yellow about   .  the liousu except the gold in  t'-e safe.  Malonc   !&   Trrecrilfas  Li  [  Sater & Johns, Proprietors  corri-u st., (iiii'i-xwooD.   .  Blue Prize, Henry Vane,  Columbus and Havana Ark  CIGARS  are I'nion Made Cigars, made by \V. I'.  Kilbmmic & Co., Winnipeg and sold on  the road bv GKORGlv NORTON'.  INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE  WORLD  GREENWOOD LOCAL NO. 31 1  JMeels first and third Wednesdays of every  month in Hiijjles Hall atS p. m. ��������� Visiting  members cordially invited to attend.;  1'rank Si'taking, I'in. sec'y, -  KijOAR \V. Dvnus, Piesident.  The Hotel Slocan  NOTICE.  _���������.���������f.^ "  TAKUXOTICK, sixty (60) days after  date I intend to apply to the Chief Com  missioner of Lauds, and Works for permission to purchase 240 acres,  more or  less, of mountain pasture land as follows:  Commencing at the no ith east corner  of Lot 671, thence east 60 chains to western boundary of Columbia and Western,  thence soutli 40 chains, thence west 60  chains, thence north 40 chains to point of  commencement.  Bakhaka G, TANNAinr.t,.  Dated at Midway, B, C��������� this 25th day  of 1'ebruary, 1907.  Three l'ork.s, K C, is the leading  hotel of the city. Mountain trout  and ijaine dinneis a specialty.  Rooms leserved by telegraph.  Hugh Hiven. Prop.  ANACONDA  Ts just a few minutes' walk froir  tlie cnnler of Greenwood,��������� ami  ponveniciil. place to drop in at the  end of a walk. Convenient to thc-  smelter and provides the public  with  11 EDS!      .  iOARD AND  'EVERAGES  W. B. THOMSON  Waterproof Paints.  ConlTar. Pitch,]  Creosote, Oils for  Preserving Timber,  Pooling, Pitch  And Paints.g  Nelson Coke aud Gas Co. Ltd.  Choice  Fruit  LANDS  For Sale at ������10, ������12 and $15  Tor Acre.  Pacific Coast Grown  Seeds, Fruit and Ornamental  Greenhouse and  Plants. Bee Sup-  Fertilizers, Iniple-  Cataloguo Free.  .STEEL  NELSON. B. C  Trees.  Hardy  plies,  incuts.  M. J. HENRY,  VANCOUVER, B. O.  Oiliec, 30.10 Westminster Road -*������ Vi;,,f t������������������vJ,.,vrj"'u  .fl^/.i  ,""'   **&������������   5*^ ���������������������������T.'^.i.* M-I.U^������^v^.^w^Kr^V���������^^^XJ������^������K������.������aJ^l^'������^������^wiJ^t*SKJ^~ c ^vc^uu.  *���������- ������������rf  -"V-J/  rw"J'>*w*-1"*-*,imi/Mij������ini*Wterfii������*'������TeM������*i������i������**.������**  ikuiA-w������wMt,wti*{������������irfJV������fc���������&ttCr������*T'12f4r  i-������-������-(TT^r,������*������- r /****  i MVMi>������������v������it rcuHf i juiphm! i**������n ������-��������� * **xmi  Greenwood, B. C, April IS, 1907.  THE GREENWOOD LEDGE  See that the Union Label is in. the inside  coat pocket .of your spring suit.   We have jjjSjj  a complete range of Union Made Clothing.  SSELL-LAW-GAULF  LIMITED.  Groceries, Hardware, Clothing and Gents'.Furnishings.  FRANK   FLETCHER  l'ROVIXCIAI, LAND SURVEYOR  NELSON. B. C.  loneet*  c  the  the  iGpeenrjaood, B  The oldest hotel in  City, and stilll under  same management. Rooms  comfortable, meals equal to  any in the city, and the bar  supplies only the best.- Corner of Greenwood and Government streets.  J, W. kelson  The  Transfer of Licensel  NOTICE is Heroliy lilven tlmt ut the iic-xfc  meeting of tin- Boiirit of License Commissioners  for lhe City of Greenwood I Intend to apply for  a rraucfer"to Jumos D. Whulcn mid John Morrison of the licuiiae now held by me for the  Kooteimy Hotel, .-ntunte on hot {in. Block 7,  Copper street, Groenivood, B. C  Greenwood. B. C, April 1,1U07.  THOMAS WALSH.  Is   the   only   Temperance  Hoolel   ill  Greenwood and the Rates Reasonable.  MRS. D. MANCHESTER.  Will be appreciated by the Tourists,  Travelers and Mining Men visiting the  Slocan.   Everything up-to-date.  CU. m. SEj^fiETT  PROPRIETOR  Nothing; to Fear.  The humane intelligence is moving out into the open���������leaving  forever the dark forest paths of  fear and it? many treacherous defiles, such as suspicion, anger,  envy, slander, hatred and murder.  These are all ofl'shooting bypaths  of fear. There is nothing to fear  in all tho universe. There is much  o overcome and  avoid-,  but man  hij:  begin ing  VCOPVRIGHT  Premier  * Hungarian*  Flour  Is not a new flour on the market. It  has been in use for years. Ask for a sack  in your next order.   Sold by  Hunter-Kendrick Co., Greenwood.  Smith & Mclvwen, Anaconda.  Hardy & Co. Midway.  Guaranteed by the  Alexander  Milling Co'y  BRANDON, MAN.  has the right of way on  the  way   of Jjfe.    Me is  realize and accept the right.   -  He is rising above the baneful  illusion that he is a bagatelle in  the world of destiny, trembling and  shivering with dread of what may  befall him. .Someone asks, suppose a' man is on a burning ship  with the deep sea all about him,  shall he not fear ? No ; fear is  cowardly ; we Can believe that  courage meets a law of recompense  wherever it stands the test.  Ibis, however, the haunting fear  of daily existence which stands like  a menacing obstruetion to individual progress. This must be overcome in each being. When fear  shall become an unknown emotion  to the mind, then all peace and  courage abound, resulting in health  of body, in power of mind and in  majesty of spirit. Let us fear not.  Fear makes cravens and we are  monarchs of all we survey. Let us  "j lift our heads in proud realization  of this truth- arid go forward as  conqnerers���������From an article in the  Stellar Ray.  History Will Repeat Itself.  Cobalt mines are capitalized now  at a milion dollars for every day in  the year. There total capitalization up to date is more than $370  000,000. And tho end is not yob  by any means. For the whole  year of liiO.'i there capital was  825,000 : for the first three months  of 1907 the incaease alone was over  $108,000,000. This enormous capitalization bodes no good to investors.  There must of necessity ho considered wildcatting, just as there  was in this camp in tho. boom days  and the result will bo a similar  callapse, in which shareholders will  find themselves with thousands of  shares loft on their hands which  will not have a market value of  more than a mill each. History  will repeat itself, and there will be  thousands with regrets that they  ever bought a share of Cobalt mining stock. It will give mining another black eye, which will take it  a long time to recover from, Rostand Miner.  A Marrying; 'Squire  Benjamin T. Nixon, of JeM'erson-  ville, Ind., is known as the "marrying squire" for the very good  reason that he has united in matrimony no fewer than '1,'Y.Yl couples.  A reporter the other'day asked this  authority for his views on marriage.  Mr. Nixon said : "When marriage is a failure the fault nearly  always lies at the husdand's door.  The .man lets romance die. He  forgets. '  Mr. Nixon mused a while. "It  is like this," he said. "A man of  middle age and a youth of poetical  appearance sat side by side in the  smoking car of a nearly empty train.  In the solitude the youth took a  photograph from his pocket, looked  at it and then said to his companion feverishly : "Were you ever,  sir, in love V"  "The man of middle age started.  Fie laughed. '"Was I ever in  love ?' he repeated as he relighted  his pipe. 'Was I ever in love?'  Well���������I don't know if '   -  " 'You don't know ?' cried the  youth. 'Well, if you ever had  been in love you'd know it. Why ,  when you're in love your life is a  sweet dream. You have no taste  for food, you think of nothing but  the beauty of '  " 'Were you ever married'?'  snapped the middle-aged man.  " 'No, but '  " ' Well if you ever had been  you'd know it.    Why, when you're  Words of Wisdom  Some men think that in order to  be gentlemen they should pay  compliments and not debts.  Eve was the only woman who  had positive proof that she was the  only woman her' husband ever  loved.  It' is better to have loved and  lost than to have married and  bought furniture on the installment plan. /  When a fellow is dead in love it  is his own funeral.-'  Were a woman to exercise as  much care in selecting a husband  cis she does in choosing a liat there  might be fewer misfit marriages.  The weather is cold enough now  for charity to sit by tho lire and  pity the poor.  Some of the debris you find ly-  iug around comes from broken resolutions. t  But Not Very Often.  Little Carolyne, aged 5, - was  playing that she was Mrs. Smith,  and had coined with her youngest"  child to visit her Aunt Helen.  During the course of the conversation, after Carolyne had told  many things that her "child'.' had  done, Aunt Helen looked up from  her sewing and remarked carelessly.1: "What a bright-child you  have. She must have intellectual  ancestors." A puzzled look crossed Carolyn's face as she answered,  hesitatingly :    ��������� *���������<  "Yes, she has," then brightening, she added quickly, "but she  don't have them often."  and Stoves, boght before the .advance,.in prices. We will offer for sale  H|| until April.16th for less than-thegactual cost of the wholesale prices today:  $������������& No. 9 Pride Steel Range with high shelf, was ^0.        | Now, #22.90  No. 9 Pride Steel Range, with high- shelf'and reservoir, was  $32.60.     :... ��������� Now $24.90  The Oneeda Goodcheer Steel-Range, same as'illustration. This is one  olf the best ranges on the market. Yon will pay $60 for one not a& good.  Our price was %h0. Sale price, $43  Terms of Sale^-Strictly Cash. Yourold stoves taken in exchange ascash  THINGS NEWI  your Woodwork, piano and furniture look like new, all by fiK|  S over the aurfaee with a elolh moistened with the Veneer. SSSj  in do the work easily.  It la not a Varnish. There Is no drying Rk-  Lnrgc bottle, enough to renovate the ordinary home, 60c, $p"  House  leanitig  Time  ���������'  No ! We are not going out of business.    We are looking    (oin.ore  business in the future. /We have more of these rttnges on the way, but   g  they will not be sold at the prices for which we offer those.   Just .arrived  the finest arid most up-to-date line of Granite and Tinware.  Phone 16. A  L. WHITE & CO. House Furnish era.  married your life is '  ".But the youth, with a scowl,  got lip and changed his seat."  Power of Speech.  District Attorney Jerome, of  New York, was talking at a din-  der about the power of speech.  "Speech, talk," he said, "if it  is fast and fluent and earnest  enough, will achieve miracles, turn  black white, do anything. A woman went to buy an Easter bonnet  the other day. The salesman, getting his tongue slightly twisted,  brought out a handsome bonnet and  said rapidly and excitedly : 'A'  great bargain, madam. The last  one left. They have all gone oil  like hot cakes. And no wonder !  Formerly $10, now offered for $15.'  '"I'll take it,' the woman, much  impressed, Baid hastily."  Deaf or Blind.  An actor told tho other day  a graceful story about Heinrich  Conried.       ' "    .-���������  "At a reception," he said, "the  loss of the various senses was discussed and a young woman, a grand  opera singer', of considerable beauty, said to Mr; Conried : 'Which  would you rather bo, deaf or blind ?'  "Smiling and.'bowing gallantly,  the ' great manager answered :  'Deaf, madam, (When I am looking  at you and blind when I hear you  sing." t  CORPORATION OF THE CITY  OF   GREENWOOD.  VOTiCE is hereby V ven that the Assess-  1 luent Roll for tbe year^iW has been  relumed, and can be inspected by any  person having an interest therein until  the sitting.of the Court of Revision. The  first sitting of the Court of Revision on  the said Assessment Roll will be held  in the City Hall, Creenwood, on Wednesday, the 15th day of May, 1907, at "io  o'clock a.m. Any person desiring to  make complaint against his or her assessment must give notice iu writing to the  Assessor, stating the ground of his or her  complaint at least' ten days before the  said dale. f  G. B. TAYLOR,  t C.M.C.  Greenwood. B.C., April nth, 1907.  ������'%*krt/vv%,'V&wiAy*,'*/*/vi>9  Drastic Method. ' \  Dorothy (���������'{ years old) is the  daughter of strict Methodist parents and from earliest infancy has  heard remarks and songs about  "Wash uie and I shall bo whiter  than snow," "wash my sins away"  etc. Even when her face was  washed she was told that "cleanliness was next to godliness."  One day.her mother saw her  coming into the yard with a dolly  which she had stolen from a neighr  bor's child tucked slyly under her  arm. "Go into the house and  pray," said mamma angrily, "while  [ bring this doll back."   ���������  When her mother returned she  found Dorothyfully dressed sitting  in a dishpan in the sink, both  faucets turned on full, and a miniature Niagara to tho door.  In answer to her mother's frightened shriek, she calmly said: "I  forgot my prayers, so I thought  I'd better wash."  REDUCED  RATES  Atlantic Seaboard  t* ���������  to Kootenay Points  Effective   \  for   Transatlantic  sengers arriving  pas-  on'or  subsequent to April 26th,  COLONIST RATES  from points  Ontario, Quebec, Maritime Provinces, St. Paul,  Chicago, United States.  On sale daily till 30th.  April.  Send for your friends while the  rules are low. Full particulars on  application to local agent or write,  it. J, COKli  A.O.I'. A.  VttnoiMivor  ���������i, H,  UAIITJSK, ������, P. A.,  ���������- NolHOII.  j^^^v^u'Vk^^w^t/t^v^iv^'  COATS... AND   SKIRT  ARRIVED  \\ e" Lead in  This Line;  Come and See the Newest Styles.  The Hunter-Kendrick Co.  i.mrrar).  ��������� ��������� THE BIG STORE  I  I  Mil) UP OAPITAT,, ISI O.OOO.OOO.  1SI5SKKVK KUNIJ, #5,000,0001  E. E. WALKER, Gen. Manager.    ALEX. LAIRD, Asst. Gen. Man.  Branches Throughout Canada, and m the United States*  and England.  A General Banking Business Transacted.    Accounts may be opened by  mail with all branches of this Bank.  Savings Bank-Department..  Deposits of $1 and upwards received, and interest' allowed at current:  rates.    The depositor is subject to no delay whatever in  the withdrawal of the whole or any portion of the deposit.  J. T/BEATTIE Acting Manager Greenwood Branch.    ;  INVESTMENT AND TRUST CO. LTD  Geo. R..Naden, Manager.  Farm lands, timbeNr limits, mineral claims, mining stacks  nd shares.   City real estate bought, sold and exchanged,  a all and see our list.  GREENVVOOD,   B.   C.  Dealers in  Rpesh and Salt JVIeats, pish and Poultry |  Shops in nearly all the towns of Boundary and  the Kootenay.  SUBSCRIBE FOR THE LEDGE  Fresh and Salt Meats, Fish and  Fowl always in stock.       \  Okanagan Apples at $2.00 per f  -.'-' Box. ��������� 1  tHMH  iftWirt  Supplies electricity for Power, Light, Heating  and Ventilation.    Power Furnished j;o mines -4  for hoisting and air-compressor plants, with a  guarantee that the service will be continuous.  Get our ratos before completing your estimates  tj-l  w  Li  X I  L  \  'i '  I

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