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The Kootenay Mail Feb 1, 1896

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 * '
V   J2&/-& r
/^���i   ���   "���       -.      r *   f
FOR MEN���     t
Finest Ca'-huierc Sockb 0 ��'
Extra heavy wool do 0 50
Best quality   Shetland   wool
'    Underwear, per suit 4 25
Fmebtnat. wool   "       4 00
Braces, per pair, 30c. and 40c
The English Trading Co.
Vol. 2.���No. 41
C. E.  SHAW,      .
Customs Broker,
i i- _ - ! -��� -��� ���   ��� ";
$2.00 a Year.
TS now
Arrow   Lake.
'open   at these  Cele"brated    Hot
- Springs for the accommodation of guests.
Rates $1.50 to $2.50 a day. Baths 25 cents
each or five for $1. Special rates to families
or by tho montK can be arranged. i   .
, Da"B*son, Craddoclc & Co.
J. R. HULL & CO.
i ���
li   -
Wholesale    and   Retail
Purveyors of High-class Meats.
, lit ,
All orders in'our lino will ho promptly
attended to.. >        ' ' ���
floors'; Sashes ft^Blinds/
���-'-r: howson;'
.: w:a.'JOwett, .
NELSON,  B..C.      *���
Lardoau & Slocan Prospects Wanted..
ASSAYS- and. ��� -
���''. -MILL' TESTS.
-.    Samnles  testeo   .rom    .
"      .1 A lb. 'to 1 ion in vvo'ight.-.' -
^   "Vancouver;B.C.   ^ .,
- j i  -     . ��� >  '- i i
All   As-.iU   mide." iu, Puplicito.
Oertifi-rites' ftirw.nde i
Kootenay Lodge
No. 15 A.F. & A.M.
The regular meeting
are held m the Mas-
onu. TeiuplcBoiirnc*-
ff.llall, on the third
i31onday in each
��� month at 8 p. in
ViRitnitf brethren
cordially welcomed./
F. OKAGK.-Si:cni"TAKy.
REVELSTOKE LODGE, I. o'. O. F., No. 23.
Ueifiil.ir inci tinus avo held
in Oil il follows' II.iU OVl'IJ
Tluii-.J.-.y niKht at ei-ihr
o'eliKlc Visiting lii-otlier��>
cordiiill} uclumiuil.
K. O. IjRWlri, Sec.
Loyal Oran/jo Ledge Ho. 1C""8.
7U>i*;iil.xr'iiu'i'tiii(j- a*x 1 eld in
tho Odd Kollov-.*.* JmI! <n tlie
second ari'l louitli W" uiv. lav's
of eii'-h inoiitn at i ol li. in *���
Visiting maiuon .ur nirJu'Uy
invited.      ��� . _   ,
E ADAIH.   J. I  \V(lCliilO\V,
W'.M. It..-. rfcoy.
'A. McNEIL,      ;-'' "
j . '    L I
Front Street, Revelstoke.
Han-cut, 25c.;' Bath,' EOc.; Six S'-aving
���    "     Tickets'for $1.00.  <J>
u  �����"
Repairing Neatly S. Promptly Executed.
, ,   REVELSTOXE. B. C.   -      *
THE   REV��tsfi)kE,rPHAn?.'-ACY.'
���3   "nr  9F��
Production of Gold and Silver.   ���
Tn his .mnual i ep *>rt. R. E. Preston,
tlie United , Suites .Director of the
Minf. Pfttim it<*s thut the ^world's
pioiucuicn of gold it,v 'the'year- 1894.
..ni'-untifl t'n 8,703;S00 fine ounces of
the value of ��J5,99:),000, nnd the
production of biher to 16G,G02,000
ount-ps. of the commercial value' of
�����21,031,000. ' As compared with'
1S93, the piv.duct.on of <,'old in 189-i
sliovv.-, .in inci'e.i-"e _of ��4,3-11,000 to
which South Afiic.i contiihuted ��2,-
���265,000; Australasia .��1,^11,000; the
United States ��709,000; and Mexico
��6-30,000.' Most��of the other #old-
producin'.' countries ^ilso slightly
in��ic!JS,'��(i fheir output, 'the 011I3 pro-
nmif nt oxc:ption l.eiitg-'Rus.si.i, whose
jnodnction is sot down at ��73f).000
less Muii.m 189-3. ,111, 1893, the
United States tanl.pd first, in the list
of gold pi'\idiK'0!S but in 1894 it lvid
to take th rd place, being outstripped
both by Ai'iica and Australasia' ��
"Wlii'lo the'] j-oducliun of golrl jumped ,ui) so laii,.'ly in 1891, siys.the
L'conoiaiit. th.it of ' silver, lemained
piaoiicillv; ^t-t.iinpv}, the ,estimated
out)'Ut otHit- t;O2,O00 ounces 'cbnipar-
ing with IGn.ir'G 000 ounces in 1893.
It is etitini iti'd tn.ot the pioduc'tibn of
,JBo!h-a hiuo,..sc,J. by���full 8,300,000
ounces, that ofj Mexico by 2,000,000
ounce*-, and ti'..l or Pei u by-about 1,-
500 000, o>ip.', ->-. J3u lj in . 1 eg u cl to
these ii-ii'iiius a gocd'rieal of con-
jecluiP "iMirp s .nito the eftunates,
\vheie..s the decline of about 10,500,-
000 ounce's recoided in the jnoduction
of the Unitrfl States and that of nearly 2,300 000 o-uices in the Aust1a.li.111
on 1 pn'l, fm.iy I"- accepted" as definitely
asccrtainoii ' facts, 'and in i the
United Snatc-s to a still; further
conn action, ,eiiicM prise being , now
diiecUu to gold, rathc'i than' silver
niinlnu, which, at jac-ent pi Ices has
ce ise 1 *.'< hi 'nioi'ttaliie. v   -
' -*.l
I TVTO riC'JO :.S RERLI3Y" CrlVJ-INr that
*     ��� >. .      ������ .   ^~^     \>l\'- a'-irur.j; ul t'u<' On'iiu;. Court, v. iii
, r^Tr^l-' A  'P^.f.jh-ii-n'i.'f'"'" r,i-v^M��--    -"   ���-
 '������    - ' '��� n- ]���;.������>'   ��� ���"it"' '���-
i v
1 nciiui.
1>I p.
IV (
(i'l lllLl.      1
J-S.t!., nn
! l?p!.uiaiv,
1  ".lie .toi'p-
J 1
Signs' of ��� Returning  Prosperity * are
' ( Discernible all along the Line.
' Writing to the Vancouver' World
from Revelstoke, Prof. Odium says :
"Not in 10 years have I found expectation of coming good times so general
as is now manifest all along the line
from the coast to this town. One
meets miners and their ores everywhere. Their propositions are numerous. ' All have faith in this Piovinco,
in its wealth of minerals, 'and tlie
influx of capital. Unless T fail most
seriously to read the signs .-night,' the
early spring and summer will see the
largest inrush of population irito
British Columbia that has occurred in
its history'in the,same time. The
Revelstoke miners, officials and board
of trade take' one by' the hand and
1 receive him with open arms, when
they think he intends to aid in putting
before the public, evenr a fraction, of
their'great 'mining wealth. One in
1 his part of the world gets to see ji
little of that power in the human soul
that sends miners and 'prospectors in
the face, of death,. aud hardships almost worse, through the mountains"
and valleys in search of gold. In this
1 ich countiy they'"say a man can find
mines in all directions. "Just travel
1101 th by south-'.���ind you will' surely
succeed." And this is in fact the
plan. North by south and east' by
west must, be the method in the'
mineral districts; though' a dangerous
polic}' for the mariner or the ship-,of
state. Revelstoke has"improved greatly of late and promises much for the.
rutin e. , The C.'P. 11. has worked
wonders in i these mountains in the
past years and tlieie is more to follow'."
,* 7-- ��^z^itriazzxJii*zrxr~2^r%.**^ar^c---
���e*. o "-��� t-*T sx.-rf
First-class Tablen V
Teleplione   ���
Good Beds   ����� 'Fire-proof eSafe
,'Bus" Meets, all-Trams.   -    '   ;,
ABRAHAMSON   BROS., ]*i:oi'uir.rous.
Everything^ new and First-class in aH Respects.
Th8 House is stocked with tSi^FinostWiiiffl and Cigars in tiioM^rist
' T.-RiOTTI'   IvA.EE   CIT"T?   B.O-
���.TOS,D. GHAHALI,-     '       ,   ,
f <''   Ji.H^istrai' County Com t.   ��
Ttpvpf.tcikp, Jan.' Villi, 1S05. " 39-lt
, '    ?riv-it3 Sill, Kotice.
JLN application ��ill l��- Hindi* to the
IjPJXisl.itiM-A--��.piiiliIy of the Province
til B-itisli Coin.ni-iaat its next spsmou
for an .u-fto, riiu oipoiatP ;i conipariy
fni-.thp 1-iupii-i o^ co.iitiu'ctin-j*, opei-
atiiiti .mil vvoiki.i-j; deep tuniii-K (lnfts,
or-hart- i.n the piirpo"".' of exploring-
tor, di-. ovonng, working, Kcttinfj;,'
.-i(Ciiiiiiii{j" .in<; recovering minerals
situate 111 Wind.veins, U-djres or lodes
in tin- Di-"ti u-t-. i^f E.rst anil we-t Koot-
cn.iv, Yale and Cariboo, in the Province of rJrili-h Columbia, and tor euter-
in,, upon and acquit ing lands for such
piiijd.-i'--, and inr collecting tolls" for
the u-.c ot such tunnels or workings by
anv other pei-.-ons or coinjiaiiies en-
pig."d io miniiig and for acquiring such
vvau-r powcis or privilege's as may be
neci's-viry or convenient therefor,1
(tot,-r Ihi'i with such other��� powers or
'pirvili'iro-., 1 if?ht< or hciden'1*, as'may
he uec'i'.-.,ir.v , inr or incidental or
coiiciiiciv'c 'to th" attainment ot the
fore"-oi:,ir   'iln '1 ls or anv'oj them.
1   87-0t ' Applicant.
Kr;����\*wwr-snwar i
*^tvo.+J i!C=iua*w^r>* an��*wrx* .
im House, mxn
.IOUjN 8TONK, i-itopi.n.TOii.
The Dining Room,, is Mshs
Market affords.
ll    tiiiU
-    '        WINES,' LIQUORS. AMD CIGARS.  , '
a. & n. a -,- .-a. s. a ������.���-1.
Ikootenai? flliail * * * IRepclstcfce, -iCcT-
A Live, Hustling   Money-Maker
The Masonic At-Home. -   -
Tlie annual At-TIome cif' Kootenay
Lodge No. LO A. F. A- A. M., which
was held ir? thefMas.'i)ic Hall on Tuesday ev-ening, pioVecl-, an unqualified
-*Liccess.�� tThe fact that the number of
quests'iu attendance vvas' not as huge
a<" in previous \c;.-irs detracted nothing
fiom the jileasoie of the occasion a-,
those present 'thoioughly ^eujrnc-d
"themselves-and the unanimity 'with
"whicli _ they declared this fact must
have more than compensated the
oilicers and uiemheis of the lodge, for
the'time and expense taken '111 providing the entertainment. The lodge
room was tin own open duiing the
evening and pioved a pleasant retreat
for thos-e who did not care toa dance ;
supper was also served therein. The
Revelstoke orchestra provided the
music for the d.yiciug, which was somewhat'late in starting, but any time
thus lost was made up before, the
close, which was not until about 3 a.m.
Ry Tims.
rwn; i'i>r v:i> i\\..-.T-.-3r..-,i:u.i:'f. nooi:
J    nn AlUvfi, IX'it.iiK mid Ov:.a on tlio inn
iji'i- i.
ii- ���
Tliii  bi��i':  t'll-
vvo.' <�� ^ ll nil I
t�� 0.1 Crs 'ti.wn
11'     i r-liiliifl. 1 ll
HlHli-li   c'illll'l'il
io Kiiiid iiinn in voin si'utlon.
now to !i ul. Ir... ofioji mill
mil- oi" mint - una itot>( illuw
'",Oo"i: ar.clPrci iiaBtitono
(!������ " |i null (I- sollini, 111
^oll  cnn -dl .1 thuiixiuiil
(lutlj. f
di' .-. 01
1 '��� L ut   I" nn-     i-i"(   liv 1 Hi 1   fii'i'
-I, Iciiacr. 3ii"i   Suml in join' .nl
r.ilii Ckj.ii
FA Vonge Si., Toronto
Sromiit nnswer and an lioncnt opinion, wrllo to
I UNN ifc CO.. vvlio have Iind nearly flfty yonrB*
cxpcrlciioolntlio j>alent IraslncBS. Cominunlc'i-
tlonsslrlclly conllilor.tlii!. A Ilnmlliaok 01 ln-
formntioi) touwnilnir I'nri-iitK nnd bow to OD-
1 (iln ilii-m Kent. froc. Alio n rntnloguo of mocli.'iii-
ical nml hclpiiliflo bonks houI froo."     _'; "     ,
Pjitcnta U'l.cn tlironi;l> "Vlunn & Co. rccelvo
Fnocial nuttccln rhe Sricntific Amorlrri n. nnu
lima nrc lii-oiit'lit Mlildly burorotlio publloivltli-
Oiit cost lo tlio Inventor. Thin rnlcndld p:'PVr*
Issued wocklv olci-'nnllvlHiiitrnrcd.linHriyJr-fi l(>
largest dra1IUlc.11 of any rclcntlflc work In tlio
world.   !*;{ 11 roar.   Kn-nr.lp coplp.i pent Irac.
UulMiiiit K.lltlon, mora lily, ?'J.M a yonr.. smcW
oiplcs, '��."> cents. Kvory number (���ontnlBH bcim
lllnl plntos, in rolor-", ni-d pliotonrBplin or m-w
liouii'M. with plans, cnnblln-r builders to aliov.- tne
lateM desiens mid uccuia contractu, .-idrtrea".
MUNN & 00.. Mow Yoke, :����"��� "������v-o./
Divorces in British Columbia.
' Chief-Justice Davie has refused to
hear an application in a case for legal
separation under the Divorce Act,
until doubts as to the jurisdiction of
British Columbia, courts to act under
the English Divorce Act wete settled.
In 1887 the legislature, .of British Columbia passed an ordinance ma'*ing the
English civil and criminal laws existing in November, 1838, in force here, iu
so tar as they were not from local
circumstances inapplicable. Under
this the Supreme court exercised
powers given uiidei the English divorce
law. The late chief justice, Sir.Matthevv
Begbie, maintained in 1877, that the
statutes were inapplicable and that
the British Columbia courts had no
authority to hear divorce cases. The
late Justice Gray and Mr. Justice
Crease dilfered I'iom this but no final
deter initiation lintl been given   so   far.
Food for the Gossips.
The truly good people of Kaslo aro
greatly perturbed over the action of
Ihe Methodist p.ir-eii of that place,
Itev. C. A. I-Yoenn.cr, who recently
ofllciatcd at a wedding in the comic-iie
thi;.itei' there, the contracting parties
being two ol the performers. Mr.
Pioi'iniier, as was the case when he
was Malioiied lice, is very popular
with the people of (be community in
which' he resides, lrie-pcctive of denomination.    In commenting upon the
Half a Million Dollars, in Sight.
The big ore chute in the War Eagle
froiri which 10,000 tons of shipping
ore were extracted in.the upper levels
has been tapped by, the No. 2 tunnel
after running 700 feet. It is squarely
under the works on the" higher levels
and will give the company another
bonanza from which to pay dividends.
This ore chute in the upper works was
125 feet long and averaged eight feet
in width. - The value of the ore as is
well known, exceeded ��40 per ton in
gold. For the past week,the face of
the tunnel has indicated daily that tlie
orivchute was getting ncarer,and, now
that it is fairly opened up it proves to
have the same width and slightly
better value than in the upper works.
This is the most important strike ever-
made in the camp as it demonstrates
the continuity of the 01 e bodies in a
highly satisfactory way.. - The No. 2
tunnel is 125 feet under the old workings'Vertically, so it is safe to predict-
that 15,000 tons which will net ��600,-'
000 will be got tout of it.���llossland
Miner. 1 * '
,  .       FROM   TROUT   LAKE.    -  -
���    i   *- h ���*        1
Work Resumed ou -the Abbott Group
-,   ���Trappers Coming In."
The development vvoi k on the
Abbott group, which has been suspended since J. H. Hoar ��� and ' Ay\
���Breckenridge wet e killed by a^ snow-
slide ' thei e a few' weeks ago, was
resumed this"week, O. D. Hear, the
superintendent, having returned ,to"
Trout lake this week for that purpose.
Some new men have been taken in for
.the, vvork and, in future, they will
work tin ee shifts instead of two, as in
the past. ' *  _
���> ' <
Amongst the' arrivals from Trout
lake this week vv is John Stauber. Tt,
\\ a. couple of }e.trs or more since he
was in town before and came 'out 'to
dispose of about,i?350 worth'of furs;'
aud incidently to nurse his feetf which
were .badly .frozen recently while
trapping. The furs weie, all of the
srnallei-auini.ils anD represent, about
three month . vvoik.      ,,   \ ,
; Another'arrival from, the I"same
di.trLt was Chas. Molson- who has
been in there! for over a year. He
biought out,about ��250r worth of furs
belonging to himself and other parties
th'ore. Molson has* been trapping and
"mining for years and spent the past
summer prospecting' in ""the Trout
kike country, and has made a couple
of good locations there.' Recently he
has been at work on the Abbott
group. ,
, The' walking from Thomson's to
Arrowhead, across tho'Arm, is reported to be very bad owing to the recent
thaw, the ice, in many places, being
covered with -water  to   the  depth. of
several inches. " '
< .,
''Complaints are being made by those
having occasion to take supplies into
Lardeair1 and Trout lake that, as yet,
no storage accommodation has been
provided at Airowhead.      .    1
wedding Ihe   (Amni say-
'There  ii
nothing, 1 very startling about thi-.
Still'the numerous Mrs. Grundy.* in
town have set up another roar, and
condemned the, piu-.sou for allowing
himself lo bo made a drawing card of
by marrying these people in the
Comiqiie. If the person bad insisted
upon having the ceremony in his chinch
Mrs. Grinrdy would, no doubt,, have
objected to the theatrical people making a drawing card of theiiisclves for
the chinch. It is impossible to please
everybody, and 110 doubt the parson
did wbut be thought was right, and
we trust that weddings in thoComiqU''
will become so numerous that the local
gossips will be satiated, and the unfortunate parsons allowed lo live in
harmony and quii-l.tiJ'-JS."
Paragraphs of General Interest.
The revised ��� ass -ssment roll of Kamloops shows an increase over,lS05of
$11,071. />
C. P. R. traffic for the week ending
Jan. 21, amounted to" $.U1,000." In the
same week last year it was $271,000.
Itev. H. Irwin arrived from England
la��t week and will take charge of the
Anglican congregation at Ro-.sl.md.
After discussing the matter at two
mass meetings the people of Rowland
have decided to apply for incorporation as a city. '
' The Vernon council are taking steps
towaul urging the provincial government I o assist the building ol a railway
f om R issland by Boundary Creek to
Vernon. ,
B. LauranceN speclacles and eye
glasses are always iu stock, every sight
for fat and near, at tins Ilevelsloke
Pharmacy. Eyv*> examined lieehy Dr.
Lord Lcigbto'i, bettei known as Sir
Fredeiick Leighton, Ihe col'-brated
English artist and president of the
Royal Academy, f- dead. He was born
at .Scarborough, Eng., Dec. o, 18-10.
General Manager Jbtves ol" the
Grand Tiutik railway, bus coiilinne.l
the report of the resignation of 'J'.
Hanuiiford.w'liolias been chief engineer
for theCraiid'Trunk for thirty years.
Ho will be hiicceeded by J<i<eph Hob-
The calendar-just is-aied by the Province,' of Victoria, will prove an
ornament to'any couritii g room. J:i
design and execul ion il, tvflecls the
highest credit upon its publishers and.
in (he inost striking maimer possible,
illustrates the capability of the J'rov-
ince company to produce bigh-cla.-.-
ivoi'k. It is superior to anything we
have seen "n-oni the east" in this line.
A C. P. R. Bridgeman Falls 50 Feet
and is Killed Instantly.
The alarm whistle--, of the engines
working on the railway bridge were
sounded last, Tuesday morning, announcing tli.it Thomas G. Riley had
met his death by_ falling from thc-
bridge to the river below. Rilev had
not been feeling well, though h" vvenV
to work that morning, but decided to
rest for a not her day a nil slat led for the
shore". jV ns.'in not far ahead be.ird^
hiiii falling and looked li.uk, but saw
only his feet di opping "between the
timbers. It was a fail of almost, .'/J
feet, and. striking on the, ice and
'timber, he was" dead ivhon 'picked ' up
by the1 men woikinj.' near, licit moi-'f
than a minute allei lie fell.
The body w.i*. taken to���thc, Victoiia
Hotel, aiui the'coroner, Dr. McLcn,
summoned a jury- ' It was shown that
his forehead s'tru.-k a 'timber v.ith'
suHii-ient force lo c ni'.e death, hit> left
aiin was broken twice, and otlu-r
terrible bruises vveie visible..on hi-.
body. His follow winkers did not observe that he was under thevinfluence
of liquor. , The-jury > decided that
Thomas G. Riley t.-iine'to bis death by
a fall which was entirely the u-sult of.
accident. J Mr. Riley w'as a favorite
with the bridge crews, arrd was their
signalman, and theirieg.ud vvitoshown
by discontinuing woik'tor two days
and attending his fuueial in a body., A
letter was found among his papers
from his mother, dated Brooks, Kentucky, Jan. 7, but 'a telegramao her at
that place was not answeied, and the
bin ial took place'at 2 o'clock Wednesday, at the Revelstoke cemetery.
o    j
1    To Promote Emigration.
,    '       ,i   ,          'i
-Prof. E. Odium, who 'lectuiecl   heie
Wednesday evening, is st.ii ting   on  a .,
lecturing tour which hasfor its object,
the promotion  of "'cui ignition   U\ this',
piovinco."' 'He'will a-isit all   the   piov-
jnces of, Canada- a'nil   Great   Britain,
deli vet ing freejectures on British Columbia wind  'its c resouiccs, Hind    will '
devote about two \cars  to  the   weak.
'Immigrants of a desirable kind   aic  a,
necessity to I his* pi ovi nee rind a    large-
accession   to   the   white?     population
would very -m..tc tally" assist~-.in   developing1 "its  'great -natural ��� .wealth.
Recognizing this  fact, ,the  Dominion
and   'Piovineial     governments*   have
spent enormous sums of  public money
on-  emigration   schemes,   which   vveie
often '   meiely     pcilitical .expedients, ^
without'obtaining anything like "value '
for the expenditure.   "Tt is to be hoped "
tliat/ Prof.   Odium's" mission * will   be
attended     with     more     satisfactory <��
lesults.      In   him    the     govern men r^
have probably obtained the services of
the man best qualified   for   the   work,
possessing," as  he   does,   a   thorough
knowledge of his subject   and *an   experience obtained  by travel  in-every
part of the world.,' "  .
Railway Construction in 1S95.
Railway building in the "United
States reached lastyear a lower point -
than in any of tho last twenty years
indeed, in only two years since 18C5,
thirty years ago, h.is so small a, mile-.
age been built. Om tecordsfor 1895
now show only' 1,7S2 miles of track
laid, a tremendous decline from the
great year of 1S87, .when ""almost 13,-
000 miles were put down. In 'the
eight yeais since that time the elect ease
in construction has been great and
continuous, and this year the total
built was only about 100 miles more
than in 1855���forty-five years ago.
Not only ate the mileage and number'
of new lines for 18$).") smaller than thnt
annual totals for many years, but the
number of states in which no. tiack
was laid is linger. Of the forty-nine
states and ten itorics into which tho
country is now divided fifteen made
no increase of rail .vay mileage last,
vear. The new ooiistiuclion in genet,do
consisted of short branches and
ov-tensions, the aveiage for- the 1CI
line* built being'onh a little u-.er' 10
mile.-, each. The bottom lias been
reached, and a mfiJer.ito ioviv.il of
ni'lway building may be looked ��\>v.
Materials are exceedingly cheap, l-ihoi*
is abundant, practicable (Mtc-pii-vs
use numerous, and on some of them
much v\o''k h.ii been done; husincsi is
reviving in spite of terrilic ass mils
troni political and sp"cui Hive qu.'uicis.
The railways of the L'tnqed States on
December ol, l.S'.-u, aggregate a iittio
over 181,000 miles. ���7'/-^ li-djviy
Church Services To-morrow.
'i      __^_        '*
The regular services of'the Kuglisu
church will be held in the .sf.liooUio.i-e
to-morrovv at 11 a.ni. and 7;-30 p.m. by
Rev.'F. "iTolland.
Service will be held at the r-fe.-hyto-
rtau Cliurch to-morrow evening at 7:!i'l
p.m. by Mr. Guthrie Perry. Sunday
School at -*5.
Servici'S will b(" held in the M''t,hi,di-i
church by Rev. J. A. Wood lo-:no."ioc/
morning and evening at 11 and 7.��0.i
Snudav school at 2.S0. '
If there be those among us -puffed
up and still puffing with the idea that
what they call their "family" is old,
a-nd gilt with tho much cherished decoration of a long pedigree, they will
find in the Cosniopolitaji Magazine some
Information to make them resumo their
normal shape.' A study of old families
is contained therein. 'It shows that
there are almost no families of Western
civilization whoso ancestral pretensions
amount to anything compared with the
' few families really known to be old,
' before whose proofs of antiquity not
only the upstarts of a few generations
back but the parvenus 'of a few cen-
'turies of ancestral records must confess themselves to , bo common place
newcomers. A first glance at the old
European families gives them a semblance of ago compared' to the aristo-
cj-atos of America perhaps, but in
the presence, of tho greatest genealogical antiquity discoverable iu society
they lielongcd to the parvenu class. -
Less than a dozen of the four hundred
' barons   in  tho British Bouse- of Lords
, date back to, 1400 genealogically, (he
.earliest being- 12C4. Thirty years ago
the last male descendant of the barons
who exacted tho Great Charter from
King Jblin, disappeared from the British Legislature, and with him'the last
, of tho Agincourl veterans' sons. Tlio
oldest family in tho British Isles is the
Mar family ' of Scotland; 1093. Th��
M'Nabb used to refuse to acknowledge
his descent'from ' Noah, because the
M'Nabbs "had a boat, of their own,"
but ho never would show his proofs. The
Campbells of-Argyle, to whom belongs
the present Duke of Argyle, began in
1190.' The * famous , French family,'
Monlm/orcnci, cannot, see clear further
than 1214. �� Talleyrand dates,form 1199 ;
Bismarck from" 1270- the Rohan's, 1128;
Broglie, il254 ; Grame-nl, ,1381; Doria,
1335 ; Borghese,'1450 ; La Rochefoucauld,
1019; GralJam (Dukes "of. Montrose),
1128; Noailies, 1230'; Po*n iatowski, 1142;
ChoLseul. 10GO; Radziwill, 1412 ;' ..Richelieu, 1590; Grosvonor (Dukes of Westminster), 1006; Seymour (Dukes of Somerset), 1240; Corsini, 1170,, and Rocca,
1102. ' ' '   "���
iThe Austrian house of Ilapsburg and
Jhe house of Bourbon seem old, the first
Hapsbiirg, who was Count of Allenburg'
in Switzerland, bearing date 952. The
first Bourbon, Robert,-' the Strong of
Anjou, appeared in 864. The Colonnas
'of Rome oannot prove anything ,beyond
1100. The Orsinis will have to arbitrate
their right to a known ancestry earlier
than 1190. Count Albert de Mun, ,a
Socialist in tho French Assembly, has
a bettor right to be proud about him-,
self than any other European absorbed
in his family, although the first De Mun
emorged'in 1488 only. -But through alliance, 'with' the house' of. Hontlczun;
Count do Mun ,1s 'connected with the
Counts of. Gascony of about 1,000, and
through' thorn he traces t'o Merovaeus,
the grandfather of the Merovingian
Merovingian Clovis, born 4G5. This is
the longest known pedigree of the
Western world.
' When we seek real arislocrats-by age
we have to go to the East. The descendants of Mohammed, born 570, are
all registered carefully and, authorita-'
Lively in a book kept by Mecca by the
chief of (the family. No doubt exists of
1 the absolute authenticity of ihe long
line of Mohammed's descendants. 'In
order to make Mohammed one of .themselves thoy looked up,his pedigree, the
Mohammed family being reckoned from
his 'grandfather,  who was known.
In China a family is recorded system-
nticilly from the beginri'ng by preserving the tablets oi. ancestors, and keeping
up the cult by paying periodical honors
to them. There are, of course, many eld
families in China. Families ot many
generations are alsa known among the
Jews, especially ' among the Jews of
Spain and the Fast. But when it
comes to pedigree, there is one gentleman to whom the world must take off
its hat, not as facile pririrep-*. or primus
inter pares, but as a greaL and onlj-
nonesuch. This gentleman who has risen into the front rank of political power
rend notoriety but recently, is the Mikado of Japan. , .        ,
, "Now see here, my friend," said John
Proctor, his honest eyes looking gravely
- into the tramp's face, as he .balanced a
dime on the tip of his finger. "I'm not
going to read you a- lecture on tho
subject of labor, but' I want to present
to you a little matter of statistics. Yon
know, as well as I, that "the country
aroiund Tullamofe is swarming with
men of your class. Not' fewor than six,
begging for money, have stopped me in
the street to-day, while down there at
the 'yard"���indicating with his hand a
pile of timber surrounding a building
in the distance���^"and yet we haven't
three applications, for work in a
"Try me."
"Dp .you imagine you would work if
you had tho chance? I have had a little experience with fellows of your sort
out here in British Columbia. You
have such remarkable appetites." He
addressed him generally as' tho represent .ative <of a race. "You work half
an hour, then come with tho plea that"'
you can't -work on an empty stomach,
draw an advance of a quarter on your
wages, spend ''it for beer, and that is
the last we over see of you."
' "'Come down to the1 yard this afternoon, however, and I'll give you a job.
But take this quarter, and bo 'sure to
spend at least three-fifths of it for
' He had changed the dime for a. quarter and held it in his outstretched hand.
��� The man did not immediately extend
his hand to- take it. , In the moment or
t\vo that elapsed John Proctor thought,
he detected a trace of something allied
to resentful pride as a grimy hand closed greedily upon the coin, and the fellow disappeared without even troubling himself to make any formal expression of his gratitude.
As^John Proctor took his way across
the yard, on his way to the office, he
seemed to throw off the impleasant reflections which had been annoying
him, with ono'shrug of his powerful
shoulders. The young man's eyes fell
cheerily|'upon the "somewhat incongruous array of buildings that constituted
tho town. He gloried in the homely little edifices, squatting over the ground
in various' directions.,
Had not -..every foot of timber been
supplied 'from his own yard ? And', did
not this avalanche of trade mean-
Annie? Nothing could be ��� mean ' or
poor which bi ought* these years of waiting to an end. ,,Hc was a practical man
little given to enthusiasm oi- any sort,
but for her sake he looked with glowing
vision upon the turretcd mounlain tops
in tho idistance, with their purple sha^
dows and golden light.
,. The thought' lent cheerful energy to
his voice as he entered the lumber-yard
and gave some directions -to Martin,
his hard-worked book-keeper and general factotum. , Proctor was deeply engrossed in making out- an order for several cartloads of timber, when a shadow darkened the door, and the tramp
stood before him. Proctor could not
repress an exclamation of surprise. Tho
vagabond observed it, and his face lowered as he 'asserted himself defiantly.
' "Yes, I've come," he said.< "What are
you going to give me to do ?"
John Proctor put on his hat and went
with him into the yard, where nn empty
cart was waiting to be filled. lie showed, the man a small slip ot .paper con-
tabiing a list of building materials, and
was about to explain where he would
find tho articles designated, when the
fellow threw toff his coat and deftly
attacked a pile of lath which happened to t�� the first  item on the list.
"llullol" said Proctor,'gazing at him
in.surprise; "you secin to know something about this business."
"A little," returned the man, shortly.
The young man   made his. way' back
to t he office.
At six o'clock, when the hands were
'leaving the yard.^ ax the close of their
day's work. John' Proctor saw his protege standing a little distance away.
As the men filed out, a personal, friend
of Proctor came running in the office
with a package in.  his hand.       i
"Here, Proctor, run them over quickly
and sign the receipt. It's the five thousand dollars from Juarez <-t Delmar. 1
haven't a moment  to lo*^."
The young-man   hastily counted  the
bank-notes, sipned his name-, to th* re- j
ceipt in a-"fold, dashing hand, and the i
agent hurried off. . f
Left alone, Prootbr drew from bis;
pocket, a long Russian leather pocket- J
book and laid the notes car-*-fitll.v in- |
side. As he thruBr this into his breaM- '
pocket he chanced ro glance toward rhe
window and encountered the hungry \
ey.-s of the trar-jo fo'low'.n? all hi- mo-, <���- 1
merits from without. A.s the man ����w
he was observed, he paused, -je.jrned '
aliour to'speak, th^n changed his mind ,
and sauntered awuy cflr'-Ic-'yly. A vague ,
anxiety assailed John Prey-tor, ft was-,
long a tier ban kin,'.: h.-urH; there -.-.as no ,
help for it���he must "r,e trie custodian'
of  the  treasure  until  morning,
Fie sat  up  late   t hat   ni'(ht.    ft  was
in<"  '
half carried through the little private
.office, and dragged, into the larger
room beyond, where the fixe had begun
its work of devastation. Then voice
and memory came back, and he
"My notes! In my coat-pocket���
under the pillow���let me go!"
For answer he -was, violently propelled forward in.1x> the arms of some men,
eagerly crowding through the flaming
door-way. Ho fought with* them wildly,   and finally   broke down and cried
like a child. '     ,
-' ��� ��� ���        ��� ��
"Martin," said Proctor*, abruptly,
next morning, "did that fellow who got
me out last night come out safely himself ?'*
"Now that I think of it," returned
Martin, "he went back a minute, but
he got out all right���just as the roof
feU in.' I thought at the moment a
piece of falling timber hit him, but he
scrambled off  fast  enough."
A dread suspicion assailed John Proctor's honest heart, but he repelled it
sturdily. Yet all day long,'as he wandered dreamily about, answering a thousand idle questions, or fishing from the
ruins various mementoes of the wreck,
there would constantly intrude upon
him the memory of two,greedy, devouring eyes peering through a window, a
strange retreat into a burning building,
and disappearance among the shadows.
When night came it was necessary-for
some one to stay and guard the ruins,'
for if ihe wind should rise, some smoldering piles of .timber might be fanned
into a blaze and the remainder 'of the
stock swept away. Martin, wearied and
hollow-eyed, offered his services.
"Not a bit of it, Martin. Go home to
your wife and babies. I have engaged
a man."
Proctor did not add that 'the watchman he had engaged was no other man
than himself, but when the rest, had
gone home he remained there alone.
He sat down and buried his face in
his hands.' He1 knew what not even
Martin <had guessed, that this disaster
had brought-him to the verge, of ruin.
It would require every dollar of his
uisurance, lmoney, to settle his outstanding .liabilities, for he had done
business on the rushing plan, and had
carried a stock out of all proportion to
his capital. ��>If he could only have saved that five thousand dollars, or.if he
had not been so ambitious! A' sharp
groan escaped his lips.
Suddenly he rose and stood erect. His
quick ear had caught the sound-of
some heavy body slowly moving over
the ground.     " ^
"Who is there?"
��� "Only me.   Is that you", guv'nor ?" ���
John Proctor bent' forward and perceived a man slowly crawling along in
the shadow of a quadrangular mass of
foists. As the figure emerged'into the
moonlight he saw that the fellow dragged one leg helplessly' after him. His
suspicions' melted away beneath his
natural warmth' of  heart. '
"Are 'you hurt ?" ' , '   *
"Only"a falling timber, guv'nor, i but
tho smoke got into my eyes, and'I can't
see- very well."       . ->
He bad drawn himself. to Proctor's
feet and stopped, turning' a little upon
his side, his head propped up with his
hand. r ���'
"You see, when J came through the
door, something fell' against me, and
not. seeing you, and not being able to
get along "very well, there were so many
thieves about I was? afraid they might
make off with this," holding out a flat-
leather book, which John Proctor eagerly seizor]. The man went on talking
in an absent ,way. " , ��� �� . .
. "I wouldn't ��� have liked to have-you
think ill of me'. You're the first man
who gave me a chance since I got down.
1 wasn't always a. loafer, sir. 'You
spoke of my knowing something about
tlie business, 'and to be sure I ought-,
if five years as a carpenter's assistant
can teach a man anything. But when
my wife died T struck off out West. It's
teen hard luck ever since���and my little' girl���back - there with her grandparents "     , t    r
His voice seemed to fail for weakness. v   ���
"What have you eaten to-day?" asked the other, sharply.
The man answered reluctantly, and
almost in a tone of apology: .      '
"You see, sir���down there among the
timber���how could,I?"
John Proctor was a man" given more
to    action than sneerh.     He addressed
the man now in clear,' decided tones.    ,
"Do you think you could cling to my
neck while' I carried vou down to   the
hotel ?"
"Why, sir?   IL wouldn't lie fit."
"Shut up I   Put your arms around my
neck." ,
The office and lounping-room of the
hotel held its usual quota of respectable
loafers when "John Proctor entered with
,rhc imcoth' figure on his back. A gurgle
of laughter ran through 'the crowd.
The majority fancied the young man's
brain had 1-^eri turned by his recent
losses-, and that his dementia had taken the form"of a violent development
of thi-- weakness with which he had
boea accredited.' The lautrhl er suddenly ceased when .the-young man went
straight" to the manager, saying, in
clear, ringing tones:
"Oivr- iijo the ljest room you have.
This man, who saved my life last night
Xf Electric JUntor,, T-ike the Place or
Steam, the t'ain Will .Not ICe In Ileauty
���The Engineer niirt IUh Olinrgc.  ,. ���
' Down grade, a clear track,' an easy
siding seven ��� miles ahead, No. 2 out of
the way, seventy pounds of air, twenty
empties and a caboose behind, the fire-,
man on the footboard polishing the
hand rail and throwing rapid-transit
kisses to the pretty girl on the, fence;
a fresh pipeful of tobacco, a bright,
crisp morning, steam shut off, the locomotive sliding down the slant with only
the, noise of rumbling machinery and
the ' rush of sixty-five tons 'of metal,
and a breakfast but half an hour off,
are conditions ,>which fill the, heart of
the engineer in the cab with a rapturous love of life and movement. Like an
enormous toboggan the freight train
glides down the incline, swaying and
creaking, jolting and jumping on the
curves, bufnot a puff or hiss from the
engine. Then comes tho drone of the
whistle, the grinding of the brake shoes
The. Mikado is  the religious head  of
the'Japanese as well as their ruler,    ills
��� place is hereditary, and it has been filled by members of his family for more j after twelve o'clockwhe.V'f.e, ros.
than 2.300 years.    He i.s
the   most  ancient  liiie-agi
Mikado i.-i  the  122nd  of  the   line.   The
founder of it,  whosf hope of posterity,
in  his  wildest  dreams, could   not.  have
equalled  the  result,  was contemporary
with Nebuchadnezzar, lififj U. C.   Of the
f-even  great  religion--    enumerated    by
Max  M tiller a.s possessing  Bibles,    the
Mikado's family is older than five.
Members of t he learned professions,
owing to the greater activity of their
brain, arc more liable to become lunatics I hat those who work with their
hands.   ,
Lawyers got inline olfener than doc-
tori., and doctors oft>ner than clergymen. '
The Army and Navy s"iid more to
the asylums than go from among civilians, and this  is  true both  of  officers
and men.
Cookfc, stokers, and all exposed to
groat heat continually arc far more liable than others.
The criminal classes send ever so many
wore to the .i.sylniri than law-abiding
people. In fact," the criminal clashes >,rc
on I he borderland of iri'ianit.y, as a rule.
' Imprisonment is it-self a c-ui'-e of iri'iau-
ity in iru-ny, and especially solitary con-
incomparably [ locking doors and windows, prutce'lco
known. The I J? ��*/�� ''tUe i/ini-r room where he sif-pt.
I lie drew off his coat, and, rolcinc: it '
carefully, placed it. benc.ifh his pillow.-
Then he examined l n revolver which
hung upon a hook beside the bed. )<<.-��
H-s/uired by this preeant ton, he sank into a heavy sleep.
.   Several     hours   1/cfore    a man     had
crawled upon a low pile of lurriUT,
flanked by two other* of tow'-iiny
height. As he si retched him.sclf at
fill length, with a bundle of'��hiiyiri��s
for a pillow, he philosophically ro'fict-
cd thai, such o bed. wrv not to be d-*-- ,
spiscd. He was not ill-qualified to
judge, for his ' experience had been '
wide and diversified, and he had learned to weigh the roost dclirat<" point" of
variance with the fine discrimination
of a ���"onnoi.s.**eur.     >
A li I.I lei ater two glowing spark" of
fire pecrned  fo glide down the railroad
line, .-deal   around   the office,,  and  difl- [
apprvir amoni; the piles of lumber.
In fifteen minutes the rnnr-is nf dried
lumlier and flie office building were in
-1 iihzo, fanned by a brisk breeze from
the west. . ...
John Proctor awoke that night lo
find himself assailed by a foe mightier
than his feeble imagination had ever
pictured. He tried to rise, but found
hirn-volf unable, o-ppressed by a terrible
."-enso of suffocation from dense volumes of .smoke which filled the air,
through which vast shocls of flame darted fli-Mr forked ton fuck toward him.
Suddenly tho wall of flame and smoke
was prirled, arid the fnr/i of the tramp
lii'i'il over hrirr. He was rouflily f-hnk-
I'li,  pulled    off  Ihe    bed.   half  drugged,
Is '-."..'ily hurt, ?��mc of you," turning
ro 1 be. ����� f>eoUitors, "go at once for a
A dozen men sprang forward ,to relieve hirn of hit'burden, to help him
r-arrv Ihe poor f��l!ow to n comfortable
r*ffln, where he mis gently laid upon
the5 '.ed. 'Die sufferer"received these.it-
tf-ti'ions in silence. His dim eyes f bared
irici'-'.lnloiisly aljout the room
to the kindlv fares landing ove
'I'li-ii anyihiricr like this should happen
t'�� him was I-"vend hi.- comprehension,
if'-.-" loniv would it I��'t ' Would I hey
le! hirn have one goo-l night \ rest Uv
fore !U* niricr liirn'oni nv.dnl Bulv.-hat
ii.i'' this? 'flii' if.ilv-.art young tim;^r
merchant, speaking hrifkilv to the doctor:
"\nd mind,'Mefrean do your ler,,!, f
owe hirn more than J cur: tell von. 1'ul
hirn in g"'-l rriru ro take r he fcrf rrnn-
s/iip of rnv v.arri when I gei in a new
slock "
This fr.unp was r)i'��rmm*i and buried
his  face,  in   his  pillow and  wept.
Chinese Wedding's and Funerals.
Strangers in China have great difficulty when meeting a funeral or wedding1 pr-.-'*"^->k<n in the streets If. dixlin--
(/nish one-from the other. The /-.irne.
red-cloth eiioli"t, carrying roa-ted pi*{
and other dainties, appear in the pro-
cession, the same smaller coolies, carrying cheap paper ornar/ifnt's arid both
an- conducted with the some noi-e The
crowd at the funeral Ls as rioi-i} .ih at;
a wedding, and the guest" cat ju-si- as
Just to His Taste.
Ethel���We have a new dish ai our
cook in-/ club called .m rambled kiwcs,
and   they  arc  jusi   deliiiou-'.
Jack (vaguely) ��� Yes, they're the
only kind worth having. '
By George, if I wore, In your place,
said the officious friend,, I'd ripply for
(i divorce. I'd like lo. mli-iil toil Mj\ N.
Peck, but she won't  I-.t, me.
on the L wheels as tho(, air is put on,
three of four impatient" yaps from the
locomotive, a switch is thrown, and .tho
magnificent machine draws ahead slowly and with dignity on to the 'siding.
It was an old engineer who said, patting the great'driving-wheel: "Electric
motors may take the place of' steam
locomotives some"-'day, but they never
will be as handsome."   ���
He spoke' from his heart, for to the
engineer and. fireman, a locomotive is
the greatest, the most magnificent,' the
finest, the most intelligent,' and nearest approach to ��� ,
,' '' 'A HUMAN BEING ' V ' ",
in the mechanical world. The engineer speaks of'Iris engine'as "her." 'He
encourages her, and chides her, and
sometimes swears, at"'hor ""when she. is
"cranky."     - f     ' ,' , ���    '. \  '���
He protect-/her from stiff joints with
the ��� finest of lubricating oil; she is
fed with the best of coal, and bedecked
with brilliantly polished brass and' cop-,
per fittings. He watches over' her
with a jealous guardianship, and humors -and caresses her constantly. ' He
is sad-when she dees' not. reciprocate
his affection, and lauds her unstintedly when she'is good. ,', ' .
This enthusiasm of the engineer is
shared to some extent by, every man
who stands beside a locomotive. 'It is
fascinating to ,the average admirer, '_be-
$auso it is -mysterious. The beautiful
proportioned and massive construction
excite admiration because they appeal
to tho eye, but the rods, pipes, valves,
link motion, bell cranks, lovers, and
other parts of its anatomy are-beyond
the common' understandung.
Yet a locomotive is but two stationary
engines ' mounted on wheels which
'also carry the boiler, fire box, pump,
and attendants. If anything, it is more
simple in construction than some>of the
triple , expansion or compound Corliss
valve engines which are bolted", to
foundations .in a machine shop or a
great factory. There are thousands'*of
stationary engines equipped' with re-
vcrsing gears almost identical \ with
those used on a locomotive, and- the'
steam'valve of a locomotive is a simple
sliding' valve.     . ��� ��� ' '
The locomotive" consists, first, of its
boiler, which is solidly attached to Iho
two steam cylinders in front. Tho
cylinders are bolted firmly to the frame
of the running gear. The' back part
of- the, boiler stands between and over
the driving wheels, and over it is the
cab,, which protects the engineer and
fireman from the .weather.
The furnace, or fire box, is part of
the boiler, in,that it is not a separate
and outside furnace, and the sides of
the furnace are'formed by the water
legs of the 'boiler, which comes down
to below the'grate bars. This ' gives
the rear end of the boiler,- a shape like
a keyhole. - '        '
The hump or dome on top of the boiler nearest the engine cab is  -
and from this dome the-, dry steam is
taken to the steam cylinders-through
a pipe which passes through the boiler
and divides into,two pipes under the
smokestack. That part-of the boiler
which begins under the ���" smokestack
and extends to the pilot or "cowcatcher" is called the "smoke box," and in
it Ls a wire netting which catches the
sparks and cinders.
The "exhaust" steam from the cylinders passes up through an exhaust
pipe which does not quite reach the bottom of the stack inside of the smokebox,
so t hat. the steam, forced out of the .exhaust, in puffs, makes a draught which
sucks tho air through the grate bars
in the bottom of tho firebox to perfect
combustion.       ��� .
In the dome end of tho   steam pine
which  conveys    the steam    from     the
dome to the cylinders is a valve, which
Ls opened    and closed  by  a   rod   that
and  in-' passes back to the engine   cab.   This is
���i*    him.'} the "throttle valve" and when the en
gineer wiy.s  he  )ia-S' "thrown   hor  wide
open,"   he  means  that'he   has    pulled
rails  because  of ' its "tractive"    force.
This traction is increased by increasing
the -weight over the driving wheels.
between' the tires of the drivers and
the steel rails causes the wheels to grip
the metal, and as the rails are immovable, the wheels must go around.
The steam,' by pressure and expansion, forces the piston in the cylinder
to move. The "piston rod" is connected with the "cross head," which moves
back and forth between the "guide
bars." The connecting rod transmits
the motion to the drivers, and the drivers, revolving, move the engine,   i
It is sometimes necessary to increase
the friction between the drivers , and
rails, and this is done by throwing dry
sand on the rails immediately in front
of the' driving wheels. On some locomotives the sand box is perched on
top of the boiler, and a rod from the
engine cab opens the,sand valves, one
for each side of the' engine, and the sand
falls down through pipes to the rails.
.Steam cylinders require oil for lubricating purposes, and this oil is fed
to the " steam valves through a pipe
which passes from the cab through ,the
boiler, so that the oil is not affected
by the cold air. As soon as' steam is
shut off from the cylinders they grow
cold and the steam condenses to water.
This must be drawn off, and the'engineer in his cab, by pulling a rod, opens,
the "cylinder cocks" and keeps them
.open until th�� sound of the escaping
steam tells him that' nothing but dry
steaxa is passing through, ll is when
the cylinder cocks aro open that the
flying locomotive sends out jets _��� of
steam to the right- and left. -   7 '
In the tender of the locomotive, which
is entirely separate from, although a
part, of, - the locomotive, tho coal and
water are stored. The water is kept
in the tank which forms-the sides and
back of tho tender, and the, water-
brought from the tank through a feed
pipe, is forced into the boiler through
an injector.'       - ���>'
The fire-nan, with a large ������ scoop
shovel, feeds the ravenous maw of tho
locomotive with coal. A chain is hooked to the furnace door, and when tho
fireman slides a scoopful of .coal' over
tho'iron floor plates to the door he pulls
the chain, the door1 opens, the coal is
dumped into the .firebox, and tho door
is slammed shut at ��� once, for no fireman likes to let cold air' enter his firebox over tho fire.   ,,   ' ' ��� '
does his work on the principle thatr
slow combustion is the nearest to perfection , because it makes' less clinkers
and saves fuel and labor in cleaning,
lie* keeps his fire bright and has no
"cold" corners, and keeps his fire even
so far as thickness of burning, coal ,is
concerned.' ' , .
It is his duty to keep steam up and
the boiler supplied with' water, help
the,.engineer to look out1 for, signals,'
oil up, keep the cabin clean,, ring .the
bell, and throw coal at tramps'who may
be stealing 'a'rido.on tho-'front-platform of the -mail car.
"Tho invention of the automatic air
brake relieved the engineer of a great
cleat of worry' and nerve tension, for
by a slight movement of tho handle of
the "engineer's valve' ho con apply
the brakes on -every car "of a.,-tram
equipped with automatic air brakes.. ���
' In a short time ��� the old ' familiar
whistle "down brakes," -which sends.a
train crew gullophig over the top of
freight cars to wind up the hand brakes,
will be heard no moro, for every railroad in the country ,is' equipping its
freight cars with automatics air brakes,-
thus giving the- enghnier -us 'much' con-
trobbver a hog train as, he,has oyer tho
"fast muils" and "limited throughs." -
Standing in a vertical position on one
side of a locomotive is the air pump, it
compresses air into a' main, reservoir
tank,i which generally is placed . under
the front end of,the boiler. iTrom'thb
lino a pipe leads to the engineer's valve
iu 'the cab, and from this valve the air
is admitted to tlie main air pipe, which
extends under the train." The air in
this pipe is kept at a pressure of'about
seventy pounds to, the square inch.
" Before the train leaves the station the
auxiliary air reservoirs under each oar
aro filled with compressed air, and this
air is passed mto tho brake cylinders
whenever, from any cause whatsoever,
tho pressure in the main air or train
pipe is decreased. The engineer, sets
the brake by lettmg some air out ot the
train- pipe.        '
If he is approaching a station he
lowers the pressure gradually, thusap-
plybig the brakes by degrees, but if ho
sees tho headlight ��� of another locomotive coming toward him on the .same
track, lie applies the emergency stop
by opening tho valvo slide, and this
sets the brake so "quick and hard" that
"the passengers are "brought, up' stand-
big." i ��� ���. > '
In ihe engine cab are steam gauges
and air gauges, gauge cocks'for ascertaining tho level of the water in the
boiler, a water glass for the same purpose, level's for opening the safety valve,
a cord for ringing the bell, uj-lock,
and generally a number of photographs
of pretty-women, while under the cushions in'a box. are tools of all kinds and
descriptions, "the always present lunch
box, and the soap and towels which 'the
fireman and engineer use when they
wash up after a run.   -
A TIh'oIouIiiii'h  Knoll   I'niiHCH   .Illicit   Com
men I.
' A pamphlet published some months
ago by the Itov. Abbo Combe, pastor of
Lion, i'Vanc'c, i.s just, now having a widespread  circulation  and ,Ls being cxieri-
ijiick t'he ".starting bar" so far that the lively commented upon. ��� Under tho
valve in the dome is.opened as far as , ,- g <u (jrand Coup,' the writer,
i, will go, and Inc. cylinder-* arc getting ,    ,      ," .        ,      , ,    , ,   ,
nil of U.e 'slcirn that, rt is possible to , who does not pretend to be a prophet,
���rive them. Tho engineer keeps his band j bu^ merely an exponent of facta, refers
on ihe lever of the starting bur, or, as t() a most terrible impending calamity
il i> commonly called, the "Ihrottlc," I (he probable date of which is fixed for
The lever which come-* up, nlmosl (ouch- [Sept. 20 next. According tn the theory
in'/ his knee, i,s the reversing lever. .It: of Abbe Combe, the world i.s to be vis-
i.s miriilar iu design, but much more fin- jt,C(| on or about the above date, by such
Lsli'H irl workmanship and of hariilsom-; a chastisement as to mala: the nations
er proporlions, to the grip lever in a believe that, the end of the world has
cable car. ' 'come,  and   then  will  follow an era of
At it�� lower end it is held by a steel prosperity and peace for the Church,
j,In lo the frame arid moves back and j <y\w writer bases his argument on tho
forth. An arched piece of flat ��**:<** . rcvctlrtLions made by Notre llarne do la
with   ncdclie.s    cut   in   rhe  upper edge, ' y(lir>lic to peis-int children on Sept. 19,
KIIK.-HIK1 IIa�� Everyllilns io <;nIn nnil Uer
Jiirtiiy Ever} til I iik toj'tosc������lieap  Cer-'
man Mecliaiilc�� "tVouIit Have lo Itrturn
to t'eriiiaiiy or Starve IihI'iikIs'ihI.
, At the  present moment, to put  the
matter  in  the    mildest possible form,
diplomatic relations between Great Britain and Germany-are somewhat strained, and the possibility of armed conflict,
between  these  two greatest  Eurepean^:
powers is unhappily anything but a remote one.
One of two'things must happen, the
German Kaiser must abate his arrogant
pretensions towards .limiting England's
suzerainty, in the'-Transvaal, or Great '
Hritain must give up har treaty rights
in that part of South Africa, or at any
rate greatly modify them, at the l��hcst
of the Imperial autocrat.
John Bull!; will never do the latter,
not at the dictation, of all Europe, let
alone  in  deference   to   the. wish of ' a   ���
hot-headed young man, an Emperor by ���
accident of. birth, a   tyrant  in'  disposition. ,
It remains then to be seen if the
Emperor of United Gewm'ajiy ��� will do-
the ' former, if not, it means���War.
' England has everything to gain and
Germany every thing , to lose by, such a
calamity. In London alone, it is'-esli-
matcd that there are not less than 75y
000 German  residents engaged-in   .
In the cabinet-making districts of Shore- "
ditch, Whitechapcl/Spilalficlds, Iloxton,
Bethnal Green,and Hacknoy  they aro
to be found by the hundreds.   In Clerk-
enwcll, Pcntonville, even in Camden and
Kentish towns thcyjare alm-ist' equally
abundant, working as jewellers,' watch1-   ,
makers, upholsterers, and in many other
businesses.   , In the-oily and west end
German  merchants,  agents,  financiers,
hotel and restaurant keepers are to bo
found in nearly' every street.   In almost
every   hotel   German  waiters  arc employed, in some to a greater, in others '-*
to a lesser, extent.        '  ,       ,,'.���',-
These foreigners have' been tolerated,
but have'never been popular in England.  '
They  have undersold the native population in every trade* and in every call-   ,
iug, have been willing-to work1 for the"
very smallest wage, and content to live '"
in a,, manner   utterly/unknown   to "the
groat  moss of English  people.
Should  war come,   all   these people,
some  respectable , and  God-fearing,' no
doubt,'  but   the majority   without- one
care for anyone .but themselves, would , <
havoi to  go,   and-go   vvith 'astonishing'
celerity,  before the 'outcry that would ' '
be raised; against them..     The passive .
dislike now-' felt  tor  them  by  English ,
people���strangely,, enough our Teutonic    .
.cousins have never taken kindly either'
(o Scotland or Ireland���would burse in- .-
to  open   hatred'and   the   hapless-Germans would have to choose between returning to their fatherland or "starving    '
in England.       -' ,      ' i '
��� Krom the metropolis,''from Liverpool,
Manchester, Birmingham, Sheffield rind
other cities aiid"Jtowns, thoy would bo
expelled by,., '>       .*,''-.    '.���   ,
- ,   '-,  TENS, OF  THOUSANDS,   /
and the only wish (usoompanving them-',
would be that they might never return.   ,-
Tho worthless, or next,, to worthless,
German cutlery has flooded the Enjrlisli
market and all but destroyed the common scissor a.nd case knife trade of Sheffield. It has been the same way with
tho glass blowers and jewellers of Birmingham, and in the-fancy trades so
extensively carried on in London. In
cheap furniture the "small masters,"
who aro mostly German Jews, sometimes' Polish",--? ha vo brought, the prices'
down to such an" extent thai, it is im-
'possiblo for any English mechanic to
compete with them.     "" ' ������
Should   war 'come   between England
and. Germany,  this unwholesome competition would at once cease, and years.   ���
would  elapse  before   it  could  bo even   '
faintly resuscitated,' -        , ''
Germany would by war lose her very
'best customer, and England would re- '
gain her lost markets , and work be
found for thousands of impoverished
work people. There Is nothing that
.England buys from Germany, which is
of vital .necessity to, the nation',' but
what she- cau produce or obtain 'from
her colonics. She docs not want the
German population, she has enough of
her own to oare for-, and she win do ��� --
far belter without their' goods than
they can, do without England's custom.
England docs not. seek war with Germany, but if it comes she is ready,for
the- conflict. The responsibility of peace
resls with the latter power.' If that
peace is disturbed, no Englishman fears
the result. , The consequences will fall
upon Germany, and she will have to
boar them. -      ���
I    '.:
18b); on Ihe corroboration of a number
of predictions made since then by several persons renowned for their godly
live:-, arid on the linos of Isaiah xxix,
which he claims (ally with the vision
of the yourif" girl of la Sa|,cttc. Several
of (lie calamities predicted by this young
p"fi-,.nl gb'l and corroborated by other
predict ions, have already taken place,
��� Abbe Combe concludes that 'the great
called the. ".sector," is uwd to hold, the
reversing lever in any position desired,
for ,a steel tongue, raised and lowered
by a lever whicli extends down the
handle "f the reversing lever, fibs into
the notches and thus holds the reversing lever. The reversing level moves
the "reach" far. back and forth, and
the retwii bar is connected with the
link motion.
The link motion i.s a device by which , j,"|0',v- mem Honed by her as being tho
tlie eriginc-.r can lei i*t>.'ini in at either | c|jrn;,x of all those visitations of heaven
end of the cylinder, and thus Mart lus ��� ,' ��� tt wicked world will take place,
engine ahead or'rever-/; it. This h oone ' j ))V calculations, comparisons and de-
by two eccentric rods, the '.'forward" (|,,(.(i(;ns, he feels justified in fixing tho
M,<\ "backward." which by mh ��ble, mo- | . L(l for S(ii)ti 2Q, 180(i.
qhani.sm that must !,-��� scon to be under-,
fif.eod achmt-c this sliding valve in (ho
siearri client.
r.y throwing I lie, Reversing lever for-
vwh'i! the vttlvc gear is so arlju��led that
the'.slcirn enlers the cylinder so as lo
move. I In- engine forwnnl; by I Itiov. in}-;
flic, ri-veri in>C lever back the orijiodle,
{sffei-l   i .  -"'urerl.
A   locomotive     iuo'.i-.s  over   tie  .steel
I'rof.   Atwr.ter's   I.'xpcriiiienlH   rut . tli.rn-
itienl nt (fie Ilea.I olllic I,l��t.   '
Prof. Atwaicr's exhaustive studies,
a.nd "experiments' in this line have led
him to .the conclusion that the,greatest
nutritive value in any kind of food of
tlie ft'irnc specific cost, is to lie found in
cornmcal. He finds that in Ion pounds '
of ihe hitter there are slightly over
eight pounds of .actual nutriment; in
81-3 pounds of wheal, there are over
(13-4 pounds of'nutriment, in J) pounds
while sugar there are -1 1-2 pound/' of.
nutriment, in 5 pound-* of bcans0there
are 4 pounds of nut runout, in 20 pounds.
of potatoes there are 33-1 pounds Of nutriment, in 25 cents worth of fat Halt
pork there are. ���') J-2 , pounds of nutriment, iu the sumo value of wheat, bread
there are 2 1-1 pounds, irl the neck o
beef'l '.i-i, in skim-milk cheese the stunt-,
as the latter, in whole-milk cheese, a
trifle more than 11-2 pounds, in smoked
ham arid leg of mutton about the sumo, ,
in eggs at 25 cents a dozen about 7
ounces, and in oysters at 35 cents a
quart about 3 ounces. This table will
be found of value to those who wish
to combine economy and nutritive pos-
sibililics in their selection of foods.
To Guard Against Greater Calamity.
A ire nl--"Would you like a motto,
"Hcw-are of the Dog." to keep off burglars ?
Your I ralli"r���No: but if you have
one savmg, "Don't Waken the Baby,"
I'll  pav  vou a good price for it.
The Queen's Self-Possession.
Queen Victoria is fearless and self-
possessed in danger.
' "Great events," she (said, "always
make mo.calm;" and sho records how,
on one occasion, when her carriage was
upset by the side of a'lonely Highland
road, thai during the few seconds when
death seemed imminent, hor chief
though I was that there wore "still
I had not settled, and wanted to
He (hat resolves upon any great and
good  end   has  by  that   very  riv-jlul ion
, .-i-alei   the  chiof   bat-rife/   "���   it-  Ti'.ou.
[ Edwards. SB'   '
fgfSf <j
SB s
Sffl',      -
'   ''
11 -,
Ths Dinner Table.
Great care should be taken in' arrang-
- ing the table to avoid overloading. Many
people imagine that rich effects,are obtained by placing numerous flower vases,
fancy spoons, bows and dishes, for no
apparent purpose, here and there about
the table, until a guest sits m constant
'fear of upsetting or destroying some od-
' ject at his every move.   Let the decorations be few and rich It olsing, or dispense
with them altogether. - ,1
A dinner table should always be covered with felt or canton flannel with
the downy'side up. This deadens much
of the noise made by moving the china
"and silver about from place to place.
To make this cover secure, fasten the
ends with small nails or tacks under
'the corners of the table. Over'this 'is
placed the linen^ tablcvcloth. Tins can
be as handsome or simple as the owner s
pocketbook will permit of. Many tablecloths are elaborately cinbroidcied unci
trimmed with lacc/but, a very neat and
popular style Is the hemstitched one.
Tableclolhs should always be ironed on
the right side when quite damp, until
they almost shine. They should be folded longthwise-so that the ridge of each
- crease is left ou the right side, and then
rolled to avoid further creasing. Tbey
should be long enough to hang over, not
less thau twelve inches at each end pi
t he table. After the cloth is on the table
it can be smoothed out vvith a hall-warm
-flat-iron,' care_being taken^to leave the
creases sharp and'.dislinct. The'napkms
should   bo*' three&uarters of   a    yard
' square and alvyays be of tho same, pattern as' the cloth, if possible. A? hand-
sonielyt-ernbroidered centerpiece in tlie
' middle of the table adds richness, with
a, glass bowl or vase full of dainty llow-
ers and ferns placed ou it.    -���
'���" Plenty of room should be allowed foi
each cover. This takes more room than
one is apt to think., It,the dmner is to
consist of several courses, as many plates
.should be put before each guest, in tne
.order in wtiich the courses aro to come.
The dessert is, of course, excepted, ana
may be served on plates uot of tkesame
pattern as. the other chma used. 'Jo the
right ot the plates place the knife, or
knives if more than one is' used, and the
glasses" To the left place the forks in
' order .the one, to be first used farthest
from the plates, and so ou; the salt and.
butter are also" placed on tins bide. At
the top place the spoons in the order in
w.hioh tuey are to be used, the' soup
spoon farthest from, the plates if soup
is served first.. The   napkins    may be
'turned into fantastic shapes or - leit
plainly    folded on top ot the plates u
, desired. A plate or two of thinly sliced
bread; flat dishes ot pickles, olives and
salted almonds may  bo placed prettily
��� heie and thore, but otherwise the tabic
should* contain nothing'more when the
' guests arc first seated.- Everything
which accompanies each course should be
removed .with it, 'thus keeping the table
, in a neat condition during the whole
dinner. , ���       ' '
Before the dessert is served, everything except'the,flowers and the spoon
or fork to be used should bo removed.
Many people do uot care for the black
coffee, as is customarily served after a
dinner, and it' is always polite to place
sugar arid cream on-tho table when it
is brought in.' The coffee cups,should be
small and dainty, and it Is not necessaiy
iji-at they be of the same pattern as the
other chma: ' .       , .
Great care should be exercised to avoid
much, if any, delay between the courses.
Although no one wishes to,rush through
" a dinner, yet it becomes quite tiresome
to* be compelled to wait any length of
time to be served. Neatness, daintiness,
and neither rush nor delay in service ls
what constitutes a perfectly appointed
dinner table.
Possibilities of Potatoes:
The secret, of leaving' potatoes mealy
And' palatable is to cook them properly
and serve immediately. Potatoes should
be peeled very thinly,' as the best part
���of the potato .is nearest the skin. As
6con as they are peeled they 'should be
placed in cold water, as exposure to the
air darkeus them. Soaking "them ,in
cold .water  renders them firm so that
' they will hold,their shape better. '' ,
" The medium-sized and smooth potatoes
are best. The medium-sized potatoes
when young, will cook in from 20 to 30
minutes; old .potatoes requu*c a longer
time. Potatoes are rendered watery if
allowed to cook after they reach    the
^ proper'condition.' They should be cooked In clear, fresh water that has just
reached the boiling point. Cover closely and boil steadily until Ihey present
a mealy, broken surface; then' remove
them fi-om tho stove and drain off the
water thoroughly. If thoy are to be
mashed, mash them with a wire potato masher. -When this is done, add to
each pint of potato a scant 1-2 teacup-
ful of rich, hot milk, llablcspoonful of
melted butter, 1-2 teospoonful of salt
and a hair sallspoou of pepper. Ileal the
mixture until light, turn it into a dish
and serve without packing;, the rough
surface being more attractive and t he potato being lighter wheu treated in this
1 Potato Puff.���To every pint of mashed
potatoes add  3 tablcsrioonl'uls of sweet
- or cream and then the yolk of 2 eggs
well beaten by themselves first and
afterward in the potatoes to make the
latter light. Lost, stir in tho whipped
whites of tho eggs, heap the preparation
roughly upon a dish th.it can be sent to
the table, and bake 10 minutes ov more,
until the mass has risen and browned
- Potato Timbalc.���To each quart ol
mashed and highly seasoned potato-is add
2 tablespooruuls of fine bread crumbs
that have been thrown into a teacup fu I
of boiling milk, and ��� when the whole is
slightly cooled siir Ln=^3 well-beaten
eggs. 'Spread a mold with a heaping
tablespoonful of butler and then sprinkle
with as many fine bread crumbs as will
adhere to' its inner surface. Press the
potatoes info the mold and then bake
in a moderate oven for 25 minutes; remove alid when slightly cooled turn
them  upon  a philter  and servo.
. Hinged poUito.-.s.���Po-.'l large potatoes,
cut. them round and round in shavings,
as you pare an apple, h'ry with clean,
sweet bird in a fryingpan till brown,
stirring so as to brown all alike, drain
on a sieve, sprinkle fine sail over them
and   serve.
Poialo lib-soles.���Mash point ops, salt
and pepper to taste, it desired add a little chopped onion. Roll the petal oca into small balls, covin" I hem with egg and
iiiv.'U* numbs and frv in hot hint about.
tv,0 mii'ifc*.
Saratoga Potatoes.���Pare and cut into
'thin slices large potatoes (new are best-
let stand in ice-cold water a half hour.
Add sufficient salt to the water to
season them. Take a handful of the potatoes, squeeze the water from them and
dry in a napkin; separate the slices and
drop a handful at a time into a skillet,
of hot. lard; do not crowd them in the
skillet. Stir' with the'fork-, until thej
aie a light brown color, dram well and
serve in an open' dish. They are very
nice  served  cold for Sunday  luncheon.
Fried Whole Potatoes.���Peel and boil
in salted water, remove from the lire
as soon as done so that they will remain whole; have ready 1 beaten egg
and some rolled crackers or bread
crumbs. First roll the potatoes in the
egg and then in the crumbs, and try
in-butter till a light brown, or drop m
hot lard. This is a nice way to cook old
potatoes. ,
Baked Potatoes���Select potatoes of
even size,'scrub them with a; .brush,
wipe with a cloth and place in a not
oven 0 The moment they are done
squeeze each one to burst its skm and
allow the steam to escape.
Scalloped Potatoes.���Pare and cut in
thin slices enough to nearly fill a tvyo-
quart earthen baking disk., Place a
laver of potatoes in tho bottom; sprinkle
lightly with'salt, pepper, little lumps of
butter and a very little flour, then another layer of potatoes and so on until
ihe dish is full within two inches ol
the top. Fill the dish with rich, sweet
milk to within one inch of ihe top, cover and bake about one hoiir. Do not
stir: Cold boiled potatoes arc excellent-
cooked in the same way, 15 minutes being sufficient time to cook them. ,     -
An Incident or Ilie'Vr.uico-t'ermnn War���
I"v.-iii-|>lelor Hie Horrors or Tlint Time.
The horrors of war are never more
deeply felt than.hi a single concrete
example���such an example as the following, furnished .by Mr. Archibald
Forbes in his /'Memories of War and
Peace.", The occurrence look place during the Franco-German war, while several war-correspondents were at Saar-
brucken.  ,     , '
Within two miles of the little town
lay a whole -French army corps, which'
any day might overwhelm the town and
its slender garrison". So we lived, a
little detachment of us, in a, hotel on
tho outskirts, ready for a, judicious bolt.
At this hotel,there arrived'one morning a young German gud who was engaged, wo learned,' to a sergeant of
the gallant ' 'Hohenzollerns. She had
come, it seemed, to say farewell to her
sweetheart before the fighlmg should
begin and he should march away, mayhap never to return. ' ���
"Some,of the livelier spirits among us
conceived the idea that the pair should
get married before the farewell should
be said. , Both were willing. The bridegroom's officer gave him-deave, on con-
dil ion that 'should the alarm sound, he
was to join his company without a moment's delay.           ' '- "     ,
All was in readiness," and the clergyman was just about to join the couple
in holy matrimony, when the - sound of
a bugle broke the stillness. It was the
alarm I The bridegroom hurriedly embraced th<L bride,, buckled on his accoutrements, and darted off to, the place
of .rendezvous. ��� , :        -, , ,
In ten minutes1 more'the combat was
in full intensity;.the French, had carried the,heights overhanging the town,
and were pouriug down upon it their artillery and mitrailleuse fire.
Our hotel was right in the line of the
fire, and soon became exccedbigly.. disagreeable quarters.' We got the woman down in the cellar, and waited for
events. A shell crashed into the kitchen, burst aside the cooking-stove, and
blew the wedding, breakfast, which was
s( ill beings kept hot, into what an American colleague called ".everlasting
smash." It,was'too hot to stay there,
and .everybody manoeuvred strategically to tho rear. '.
" A few days later was fought, close
to Saarbrucken, the desperate battle ot
Spichcren, in which the bridegroom's
regiment took,a leading part. The day-
after the battle I was- wandering over
tho field .helping lo relieve the wounded, and gazing shudderingly -ori the
heaps of the dead.1"- Suddenly 1 cameon
our bridegroom, in a silling posture,
with his back resting against a stump,
lie was stone dead, with a bullet
through his throat.
A Question of Temperament Rather
Than "Flank."
" Returning to the question as to what
disposition an animal will make of the
food, it takes, in tune it will be generally admitted that it is simply a question of temperment," writes Prof .Heack-
er, " Animals, as well as men, are dominated by, different temperaments, and
they vary in form or t3"pe according to
(he temperaments, consequently type is
the index of temperament. In the
hound, trotter, thoroughbred, etc., the
motion of the muscular system has the
mastery, and for this reason the muscular system absorbs the bulk of the nutrients in the food'they lake. It will
lie noticed that in this class of animals
(here is always a large network of veins
running over and3through the muscles,
to carry the nutrients that have been
absorlied by the blood to these parts.
In tlie bog, the compact blocky, slcer,
mutton sheep, etc., the' vital temperament "holds sway, and tlie nutr.ient.s-'in
(he food are " converted ' into , flesh.
Witli the dairy cow the function of
motherhood is the chief object in life,
and this is' accomplished through the
most wonderful of all systems, the
nervous. Conception iiself is the result
of nervous adion/and though shrouded
in mystery, the fact thai the whole process of gestation ' arid motherhood is
mainly the result of nervous action is
clearly demonstrated through the whole
period of lactation. The more highly
developed the nervous syst em ihe greater (he activity of the facteal functions
and the g'realer the flow of blood to the
udder.^ The udders of great milkers are
always* covered with a correspondingly
large network of veins, and the two running forward from' the< udder in such
cows are always large, to accommodate
the large flow of blood from the udder.
The closer,,we examine into this intricate problem the moie clearly do we'see
that temperament really controls the
disposition that Is to be made 'of 'the
nutrients 'that' are deposited in ' the
blood, and since type is simply an index of temperament we must train
ourselves to a better understanding of
animal  physiology."
They Had   Almo-t   Knoiii-h   to   Set  tip n
i, Jewelry Store.
The honeymoon was over arid( they
had settled down lo show themselves
staid and steady old married people.
' "Harry," she said, knitting her pretty
brows as if greatly perplexed,"I've been
trying to arrange things a (little systematically to-day.",
"Quite right," he said. "It's tune we
wore settled and had everything arranged properly."
"Yes, but, Harry, the fact is I���I���"
"You what? ��� Nothing . has gone
wrong,   has  it?"   he  asked  anxiously.
"Oh, no; but everyone was so kind
to  us that 1 find it a little hard to���
to .    It  wouldn't be  proper  to  sell'
any   of   tho presents,   would   it?"
"Certainly  not." ' . ,
"That's what I feared," she said with
a sigh. "You see, I don't know just
what  to do with I hem all."
"Do with tlieurf"' 'he exclaimed with
inat-vouliiic readiness lo set lie-any-problem.   "Why,   use  (hem,  of  course."
"IJul hnw. Harry? Ifnw i" she asked.
"\V�� have eight clocks andi only a
7-room flat."
He gave a low whistle.
" Then we have five dozen silver
spoons and  four  cake baskets."
He began  to look perplexed himself.
"There arc twelve butter knives and
six   fruit dishes," she added.
lie swore softly io himself, but made
no suggestion.
"We have three sets of fruit knives
and "
"Enough," he exclaimed- Do what
you please with  them."
"But,   Harry, L want  you   to "
"They're yours," he interrupted.
"They'were all given to you and not
lo me, weren't they? It wouldn't be
fair for me lo assume any right to
them when they were expressly, given
to you."
And thus sho first learned of man s
ability to dodge a difficult problem.
A Cyclist Lamplighter.
Paris possesses a cyclist lamplighter.
His route is under the fortifications.and
lie carries his long lamplighter's pole
ovo rhis right shoulder and guides the
machine with his left hand. He goes
his rounds and lights all his lamps without once dismounting.
Turnips versus Carrots fer Horses.
Carrots have'always been extolled, as
the par excellence of boise feed, and to
a certain extent they1'are. Carrots fed
to young -slock make them irritable,
nervous, and in the case of young stallions vicious. Carrots owe (heir chief
value as, a food for horses <to the pectic
acid'.contained in them, which so much
assists digestion, and assimilation, and
for this reason are good'lor old horses.
Horse dealers thoroughly, understand
their value, and feed "them generously
(o old'horses. It. is within my experience that Swedish or yellow turnips are
much better, both as an,article of food
and, as a* conditioner, than carrots for
horses.., Try,a,few Swedes, cut them
up, and sprinkle with corn meal and
bran. The soft and glossy coat, the
healt hy look, with the, good spirits ��� of
I he 'horse so fed, will' soon tell
story.,   ���   '    ���
' When to Water Horses.
.Always .water, your horses, the first
thing, in I he morning, and do not" let
the water be too cold. If it.Is too cold
you will probably, have a case of colic.
Water is best when it is about 10' degrees war nier' tha n the outside air in
winter, and as much cooler in summer.
Give the hay before the grain, so thai
the-stomach may be partially filled before the.,concentrated foods get into it.
Detler si ill, feed chopped . teed. Mix
i lie ground grain with dampened hay or
fodder, aud give the largest feed at
night, when the horse has time to, digest it. Fat and food -for the muscles
are made when the horse is at rest.
winter Care ,of Vegetables:
Many good vegetables are wasted because proper ^winter care is not given
them. . Farmers are often urged to have
a1 garden that there may be an abundance of vegetables for winter use. ,For
health and economy,as well as for variety, a good supply of vegetables is just
as needful in January'as in July. . On
some accounts more'so.
Beets, carrois and other root crops
may be kept, just as fresh for months as
when harvested if stored in'bins.boxes
or barrels, aud packedl in fresh earth.
Cabbages may be treated the same way
or may'-be pulled and only the roots
buried in earth. This .treatment applies to the supply put in the cellar,
Where t-iiied the same effect may be
obtained if the earth is put directly upon or among the vegetables instead of
the pile being covered with straw or
other litter before the earth is put
upon it. '
One who has not tried this method
of storing vegetables has no idea how
nice and crisp they can lie had in January or March.
Holding: Farm  Produce.
A correspondent has found one advantage in prompt sale-- of produce.
Every farmer knows, or should know,
how much money he should receive for
stiles each year to meet the ordinary
expense. If receipts are cut, down by
small crops, and low prices, he must
plan to cut down expense' or at least
rot to incur any extra expense. When
:i big crop is stored in tlie expectation
rl' lietter prices, one naturally figures
���vecipts at tlie capeeled price, and if
L is not reali/cd, (here is disappointment,  to siy the least.
By converting crops into money as
soon as they are ready for market, it
seems possible to do a safer business.
There is less care and worry. On the
oilier 'hand, when convinced that any
product is selling temporarily at a price
far lower thau conditions justify, the
profit that is obtained by holding goes
to the one most deserving it���the producer.
Winter Poultry Food.
Bury cabbage and turnips so that
they can be easily got at. Cut up fine
and feed two or three times a week.
Shattered clover, scalded hay and chop
feed stirred up with the green stuff
make a fine winter food. Keep a pot
handy, into which potato and apple parings, rable scraps, etc.. can be thrown.
Boil all together and thicken with chop,
adding a handful of linseed meal and.
a pod or two of red pepper. Feed only
enough to partially satisfy the hens.
Let them scratch for the remainder-
out of doors in fine weather, and under
ihe sheds in cut .straw.on stormy,snowy
A Ketlred American -Naval Offlccr De'srrllies
c.I the Fall ��rtUeClty-Glooiully Hold*
That tlie Yankee -Navy U Inndc��iu.-ite
and t-oafct Deicnren Poor���Tlien *Lnu:-h...
The New York World says:���"If
there should be war with England,
what would England' do first ?" asked
the plain New Yorker.
'/'Why, seize New York,"��� replied , the
retired naval officer, "and it wouldnol
give her very much trouble, either.
"That, is interesting. Tell me how
she would'go about it."
."Well, she would assemble at .Halifax a powerful fleet of, say, have a dozen, battle-ships and twelve or fifteen
big cruisers. This fleet would Ijo for
the especial purpose of seizing -se-v
York. Of course, she would bend a separate" fleet against each one of our big
ports at the same time.' And, of course,
sho would know just, where each one ol
our ships of war was and would look out
for them independently. Bui i shall
not go' into these details. I will simply
confine myself to the attack upon >ew
York. This fleet of ' twenty-one ships
would move "down with torpedo, boats
and torpedo destroyers and all the other
necessary accompanying vessels.'
"And would meet the' combined American navy off the end of* Long Island?" ��� �� ' r
"Not at all. There would be. a few
ships, to guard; New York, but our
navy is so very small and.we have so
many great,ports that we could only
spare a few for New York-perhaps
the best, but still only a few.    . .
"What would our one battle-ship our,
five or six monitors and the unarmor-
ed cruiser or so avail iri the end against
s*u:h o.erwhslming ode's ? Tl;ere wou cl
be a terrific fight, but the chances aio
our fleet would be in part disabled and
in part sunk. At "any rale we 11 just
put il that , way'for the;sake of the
storv        f      ��� i
��� "Tlie British fleet is now off the end
of Long Island. The commanding admiral divides it into two unequal parts
���the larger to go' to Sandy Hook, the
smaller to force the Sound. The most
of tho torpedo destroyers would accompany the Sound fleet, because the
danger from torpedoes is greater there.
This Sound fleet, as' you will see b>
looking at the map, would advance in
and without'opposition to a point Just
outside of Throgg's Neck." ���;,���,�����..
"But where'would they get piloUf
"My dear-sir, it'is one of the rules
of the Admiralty that no British warship shall' ever enter foreign waters
with'a pilot. The Admiralty supplies
each ship with the* latest charts .and
the ships are steered' by the charts.
Now this map at which -you are looking
has an exact account ot the shoals, currents and channels of the waters around
New York. Every British warship has
one of these maps. ���     '   _       . ',.��� , ''
*"So, to contmuc, the Sound fleet anchors off David's, Island and. Sand s
Point. The Americans have hurriedly
completed the torpedo arrangements
there." But the work is weak and, alter
a few hours''bombardment, the British
are able to force a landing and to blow
the place up. ,      /-r,���^,
"Again ' at Throgg's Neck (Fort
Schuyler) they find .themselves opposed
by a line of torpedoes. But the works
ore not very formidable'and there is a
repetition of David's Island. , Fort
Schuyler is soon made helpless. . the
fleet moves on, still more cautiously.
The torpedo destroyers have hard work
in clearing the water from this on. because we-have been very 1 industrious
in laving torpedoes. But at last, with
comparatively small delay and,small,
loss, the Sound fleet is anchored not
for from Riker's 'Island and a battery
of mortars has been set up on the island itself. New York City is invested
.in ihe northeast. Two huge armored
cruisers are at'the mouth of the Harlem, . and the enormous guns and mortars arc ready to rain shot and shell
on .all   the   upper part of   Manhattan
"Now, let us go, back to the Sandy
Hook fleet., There are, let ,us say, two
battleships, .four huge armored crui.s-
-ers and two big protected cruisers in
this fleet, besides the'little beats. Ihis
fleet, of course, finds itself face to face
with our coast defenses on the end ol
tho Hcok. There are disappearing batteries and mortars���a really formidable
defense. Unfortunately it is not finished. The fleet anchors just out ot
range of the land batteries which pitch
their shells to the three-mile limit. Ihe
day is calm���the Englisluhave plenty of
tune and wait for a calm day.
"When the   sea is perfectly smooth
and accurate  firing  is possible,
of the great battleship are brought into action for the first time. In a few
days the works at Sandy Hook are demolished and the only real defense of
New York   Harbor  is  gone.
"Now conic many days of torpedo
destroying, of shelling and demolishing
batteries that have been hastily thrown
up along, the shores of the-uay. lhere
Is much hard fight ing. But we have no
ships, and at last, the English . fleet
moves in safety up the bay and divides
into three parts���one steaming up the
East River, 'one up the Hudson and
tho other for ihe waters about tiie nailery. New York i.s invested. It.very-
thing Is ready for a bombardment.
"But hundreds of thousands of troops
are   concentrated  in  and around  isnw
York," ,   , ���   ,   , .1
"Yes, 1 see them. But what can they
do? Thcv arc powerless. Tho British
ships have New York at the mercy of
their guns. Wo have no ships lo send
against them. ,.,.,,    ���
"Of course you understand that tliese
ships could l*omb,ard tho city from the
Lower Bay? and no doubt would do it
if it was' necessary. Bui, sooner or
later, before or after a 1-ombardmeiif,
the Bril ish fleet would have New ^ prk
City directly under its guns. And then
an officer under n white flag would
come ashore to have a talk with Mayor
Strong and lo suggest the appointment
of a Committee of I'lfl.y or Seventy to
raise a ransom fund."
"You don't really mean lo say that
you think this would happen 1"   '
"No, I don't. Only 1 don't sec how
the capture of New. York and all our
seaport cities could be prevented. Do
1 you ?"
"No. I don't," confessed iho New
Yorker. "I was-dhinking that all these
coast defenses (hey have talked about
were done or could be finished in a few
"My dear sir, it would, in Ice several
years lo fortify New York Harbor. At
present, as I "tell you, there are defenses only at Sandy Hook, David's
| Island and  Thogg's  Neck,    and    these
are so incomplete' that they could be
easily destroyed.'" ,     -
"But such a thing as you descril>e will
never  nappen���never 1"
"I agree with you," laughed the retired naval officer, "and for one excellent reason at  least."
"What is that?"
"Why there is not going to be a
-it is considered that Japanese men
are among the' best noedleworkers in
the world, their only equals being 'the
women  of Russia.
It is estimated that it takes two
years for the w*ater from the Gulf of
Mexico to travel from Florida .to the
coast of Norway.
Chicago's boa rd of cducation"announces
that it proposes to forbid the teachers
in its employ to smoke p:pcs or cigarettes, or to chew gum.
A storekeeper of Kokomo, Iind., is
highly indignant 'over the action of a
burglar who. broke a ��100 plate glass,
window io get about ��10 worth ol silver-plated ware. ���       ''   ,    ,
A Dorsetshire zoologist, seeing an adder swallow its young,, tied a str'mg
around its neck and then killed it. On
reaching home he cut the string.whcn
thirteen little adders wriggled out unhurt.   ''
A St. Bernard was sold for ��2,350 at'
the Birmingham (England) dog show.
This is said to be the highest price ever
paid for a St. Bernard at auction.
Everything is white just now. It is
white deer, white blackbirds, white
crows, white squirrels, and one excited
observer claims he saw a white weasel.
But tho Minnesota fish' hatchery now
has the lead with a family of several
hundred white brook (rout.
It was the barking ot her faithful pet
dog that attracted < the attention, of
neighbors to the rooms of 'Mrs. 'Kelly,
the Portland woman, found the other
day frozen in her,chair. The dog had
remained by her side during the long
hours wliinmg'and crying for help.
1 <t A
���Maine newspapers are telling that a
Caribou clergyman,'the other Sunday,
noticing that the choir seats were unoccupied when tho time for beginning
the service arrived,'rose and remarked:
"I see all the singers are absent {.this
morning. Let the congregation 'rise
and sing. ' Praise God, from whom all
blessings'flow."  '��� <
,The fox's reputation for smartness
was well sustained by'a member of the
tribe near Falmouth, Me., the other clay.
A couple of hounds arid a hunter,were
afer it, and the fox led the hounds
to a frozen pond, and out on the ice so
thin' that it just supported ' the fox,
which escaped, while the hounds went
through and were drowned.
In a biographical sketch, ui tended, to
be wholly complimentary, of a banker
in Lamar, Ks., a newspaper 6b that
town says'the banker "has forged his
way from a clerkship to a position in
the firm." Obviously it would be a
delicate and difficult task to, undertake
lo explain that the use ,of the unfortunate figure of speech was well meant.
StrcustlicnliiK   Her, Millions In   Hie ."West
- Indira nvil Itrilisli Columbia. '
Information received at the Navy Department' is to the effect that unusual
preparations are being rhacle at St. Lucia, Great'Britdin's most important naval stalion��-in this homsphere, and it is-
said that at Barbadoes, Bermuda^ rind
Esquimault, there is also great activity.
During the last week vast quantities of
coal have been shipped to St. Lucia., The
troops at Barbadoes have been drilled to
a degree not general at this season of
the" year, and, there are other outward
signs of an<intention to put the stations
on a war footing. The fact that Great
Britain maintains at all times ��� large
supplies ot coal at St. Lucia, and'that
they are being greatly increased, is regarded as ino->l signrl icant, and indicative of a general policy to restore these
outlving military posts"to their fullest,
efficiency. AVhethcr Great Britain goes
to war with Germany or any other power, her We=t Indian navjil stat.ons would
be most valuable for her ships to secure
supplies and to bo reported. St. Lucia
is the finest naval coaling station and
th-i strong.st nvliiary p'o.t; po.s b'y wilh
the exception ot-IIalifax, outside of,the
British Islands, and since 1890 its
strength and capacity have been vastly
increased. -   "" .
Reports that have come abroad indicate that Britain is stirred up to Iho
necessity of increasing, her naval anil
military strength at all stations. It
is known to but comparatively few people that ��� since ,Dec. 15 largo forces of
men have been employed on the fortifications at Vancouver, and that the defences are being rapidly completed.
Bermuda is said also to have,its garrison increased, and it is to be noted that
one of England's finest cruisers has recently been added to the North Atlantic'fleet. So quietly have preparations
proceeded all along the lines of defences
and in the equipment of naval stations
near Ihe American coast, that there is
but little known of (he real strength
of Britain on this continent.    '    "
��- Hide and Seek."
Soft steals the twilight o'er the churchyard green,
Alwiit  it    ghostly   shadows    gather
gray j
No sound  disturbs the stillness of the
���scene, .
Save distant   shouts    of   children at
their play.
One little maid, more daring than  the
Hides where a headstone makes a safe
Braving the terrors thai the place invest. .'
She  wails    Ihe    pattering  sound or
seekers' feel.
What should she know of human anguish deep,
Common   to  all,   to    monarch   as -to
slave. . ,      ..     ,
What, recks .she of the dead, who silent
Who sorrow, hide,  and seek   rest  in
the grave?
01 happy, careless childhood, no dread
thought    . , .
Of dealh or pain can mar your golden
prime; .
You have no passed,  tear-stained and
Nor do you fear "th' avenging hand
'     of lime."
Peaceful  the  dead rest  in   nn troubled
sleep, ,       ,
While all about fhein childish laughter sounds
And ihe gray  twilight shadows softly
Over   God's   acre,  wilh    its    grassy
Old CIocIch   'l$e��K   JIaiH   and  Shoe*  Were
Ir,.c<l���In a Scutile full orConl and the
Very Modem Device, the PorUet Stock-     i
'An old-school   lady   living   at Engle-
wood, N. J.,  had a    set of  large stationary drawers topped  by    cupboards
built into one of her huge closeta.   The
lower drawer, instead of resting directly on the floor, ran on grooves perhaps
two inches above it.   She would pull ou*.
this lower drawer,' place her jewel cases   ,
in the space left below, and then push
in the drawer.whicb she kept filled with  ,
linen.      In  all   probability no  burglar
would ever think of hunting down there '���
even if he should find that he had the
Equally shrewd was another woman ���
who, whenever she went out,  put her
money and jewelry in the coal scuttle,
covering them up carefully with heycr-
af layers of coal.   This might have proved a   rather risky   experiment in the
winter months, when the fire had to lie
fed, as not even the  housemaid  knew
what was bclovv the "black diamonds.",
bul   their owner  fell,  that no burglar'     ,
would ever think of looking .there and
was  perfectly  satisfied.        ,       ' .,'
rA  lavoritc  hiding    place for  money,
especially for bills of  large denomina- .
lions,  has always   been   Iho  large
'    FAMILY BIBLE        '     >
and"the   unabridged dictionary.     This -
is still common in rural places':   So is ,
the practice of .sticking money .snugly,
away under a corner of a carpel, particularly    under    some large   pieccof
furniture, i This 'is  a method  that  has
much to commend it. ,'
Tea    caddies and sugar bowls  make t
excellent    ieemporary    safes.   Another
hiding place is the old-lashioued coun- <
try clock, whicli is almost historic as a
spot for'tucking away little bundles or
valuables.    -An'old tradition , was that
the old clock, outside'of its value as  a
timepiece, was particularly useful as a .
receptacle for three articles very much   .
needed in   the  household,  quinine,  rat
poison   and money. - The'only  trouble
with the'clock was that too many petty
thieves knew about  it.   But  the good"
housewives'   of     the    old    timo never <-
.thought of thai. ' ,  ,'
It is safe to say that Die number of,   ,
women who put away jewelry     in poo-
���kel-books    under a mattress  for    safe   ,,
keeping, after-wards carefully    smoothing the bed down, can be'numbered by
the thousands..,   ' ", ,   '    '
.   The pocket of an old,dress that hangs
in au  unconcealed way  in  a closet    is
regarded by many women as one of the
safest places imaginable for spare rings,
brooches and bracelets, and even for.a '
pocketbook.'i   Old" slices,    standing    in   .
their* proper^ place directly alongside of  9
new ones, are likewise much esteemeu,
for a'great   deal can  be shoved  down
into    their toes    without giving      the
slightest evidence.of   the  value  there-,
Just why a knotted handkerchief
should be considered' > > '
''     A SAFER PLACE       ',   ' .
than an ''ordinary    pocketbook ��� for  tho
rying of money is   not ��� apparent, but
nevertheless, a good many elderly _women" hi vo made uVe'bC this all their lives. -
A .country'"woman  once received    ��M ���
from her    husband, and   calmly tying
the money up in her handkerchief,-]- ac- ���
ed the handkerchief  under  her pillow
and slept the sleep of the just.'-   J ho
next morning she forgot ali   about it,
and il was not until the middle of the
day  thai she  recollected it.   Then,. in
a fit of wild excitement she hunted high
and low tor the handkerchief,  and    it
was not until an hour or two after that
sho learned from her  housemaid that -
found under her  pillow, the  handkerchief had gone' into the clothes hamper.
It was found there with the knot still '
in it and the money safe.   <
Nine out.  of    ten     women   traveling
carry'their money and their jewels m
a little chamois'case or'wrapped  m a  ,
bit. of linen in their corsets.    Instances
have been known where a tourist about ���
to  lake a train has  been  obliged suddenly to retire into a recess of the wait- -
ing-room to extract her railroad ticket
from its hiding place. .. '
Stockings, in iaol, seem to lie a favorite place of concealment, for money
and small pieces of jewelry arc often
stowed away in them when they ore
packed, away  m bureau  drawers.
��� ���,.* *���   .
What Sort  at  Soldier* OiuukIIhiih Makr.���
.What Other* Iluve   l��> ��ay <>r IN.
Commenting ,upon the Venezuelan
difficulty The British Army and Navy
Gazette, in its last issue, ju-:l to hand,, '
says: "We cannot too strongly advocate
that the people ot Canada lose no time
in memorializing the British Govern,'
merit to restore their own old-corps, the
Royal,, Canadians, which was so loyally
raised by them under such historic cir- ���
cumsUmccs and enrolled iri our own regular army as the 100i.li, or Prince of
Wales' Canadian Reg m nt. England
does not forget how tne i lower of Canada's sons loll their hearths and homes
to.assist her in the clouded days oflejS.
Iu another column The Gn/otte (ells,
of I ho showing made by Canadians during tiie war between the North and
South in Ihe United States. Major -Mai-
ct, who was an officer m the army ol
tho Potomac, according to thus journal,
estimates Canadians as the best soldiers
physicallv' the world cm produce. In
his company of tho 81-st New *���. oi'k \ ol-
unlccr Infantry, he had 15 Canadians,
whose hardy frames no .toil could exhausts, and whose gay spirits no hardship could dampen. While the aimy
was on il-s march in the burning beat,
wilh the thermometer above 00 in tho
shade, these lads plodded merrily along,
buguiihig the way with jest and song.
These sons of the uorlli were amazed
at the wastefulness of their American
comrades, who threw away their blankets and other paraphernalia to lighten
(heir burdens and lirike the iiiairluup ���
easier. Tho tireless Canadians made a
practice of picking the cast away articles up, carrying them into camp arm
claiming a reward. The instance is given of a Canadian walking into camp after1 a terrible forced march, bearing 12
blankets besides his own. on hrs .shoulders,' and obtuining 31 for each, when
the nights got cold and the Americans
needed covering.
Library students in Taris now wear
"muzzles" when persuing,the old books
in tho National library���" not because
there is fear they will bite the old
volumes, but. to prevent the inhalaiion
of ihe book microbes into their lungs."
The germ I heory is ri*sponsib>. fo. many
curious I kings, and Hits is one a' them.
f*i"'r?-* 1>
i     ,    j    u
Debating the Reply to the Governor's
The address in leply to the speech
'from the throne was moved by Mr.
Tin IF, a new,mem bei-of the legislature
who succeeded Chief Justice Davie in
the represenlatiorr of the Oovvichan-
Alberni electoral district, and seconded by J. M:'Kellie.
In his, ad dress, Mr. Kellie complained
of the drain   upon   the  provincial  resources by the Dominion  tfcivei niueiit,
and would in go t b,t t the 1 epi essuntati ve.s
of'Jlrjfi-di Columbia at Ottawa should
unite, ineta-ective of party, in demanding'   more   libera]   treatment.   Giving
'   partieularattentiorr lo We.-t Kootenay,
heshoweilth.it in  tbo matter of ex-
peiiclitiue by  the   provincial   government that tin rilory   had   not received
more than its right, forilsi-niitril.iilion
to the provincial treasury, in   the ',i>.i--t
five years has  been   !j>2S.">,000 and  the
provincial expenditure there $235,000.
He called at ten lion  to  the  neglect of
the Dominion govern merit to   improve
*���   the navigation of the  Columbia  river",'
���with the   result   that  trade   in   being
diverted to the States  that otherwise
would be done with Canadian cities.
Tlie growing evil of   claim   jumping
���   was   next   touched   upon,   Mr.  Kellie
Expressing   the    conviction    that    a
' remedy can be very easily found if the
legislature'  will   apply   itself   to    the
subject.    He referred to a very serious
state   of   affairs   in   the '.TraiL Creek
distract, where  iv large tract of land
has been gran tod to the Nelson & Port
Sheppard railway company, who have
Gnis   been' enabled' to   prevent     the
construction of the narrow gauge  railway   from   Trail   Creek   to   Holland
authorized   by   the     legislature     last
session.    He reminded the house  that
last, session Mr. Cor bin  of the'Nelson
&   Fort,  Sheppard,    when    the    Red
Mountain     railway     bill   was   under
discussion, bad   endeavored .to obtain
legislation on the strength of erroneous
statements as   to   the   nature   of   the
country, and the same' Mr. .Corbin  is
blocking   the   development  of    Trail
" Creek by refusing''to   allow   the   con-
atruction'of a necessary line of railway
which   of   necessity   must   pass over
some of the lands granted to. the   Nelson & Fort Sheppard. As the members
are no doubt aware this matter is now
"being dragged from one court   to   an-
The Speaker informed the hum niern-
"her that, if the matter is   still  pending
in the courts it must not be the subject
,of discussion here.     *-*
'     Mr.  Kellie���Is  this  house going  to
' allow,Mr. Corbin  to'hamper  the ' de-'
veloprnent of Trail Creek   for' perhaps
' two or three years?   ,
The Speaker said he had not ruled
on'that, but, simply stated that by the
rules of debate matters pending in the
courts must not be discussed in the
hcuibo. He read from 3lay to that
effect, lie also reminded Mr. Kellie
thai if he would confine hitnt-elf to (he
matter of the speech he would be mine
in order.
Mr. Kellie inquired if he could deal
with the railway matter by menus of a
mot ion, in a few days.
The Speaker���"When the motion
comes up I will i ulo upon it.
Mr. Kellie then proceeded to deal at
considerable extent vvith the resources
of British Colunibi.i, reading statistics
to show their immense development
during recent years. He spoke of the
enormous development nf the mining
resources of West Kootenay. showing
that theie was shipped out of that
t-ouiiLry last year $'.5,300,000 worth of
ore and bullion, to say nothing of the
Ihousirjds of tons, stacked at the mines
ready for shipment. ' He believed, taking the eonservat i vi- e-��tinmles of well
informed uieu, that the export in the
present year will be atleas-t $10,000,000,
and this from only oin- and a relatively small poition of the great milling
territory of Biilisli Columbia. He
recogni'/.ed that development such as
this rails for large public expenditure,
nnd be would "not Mippoit any government, of this piovinco winch
would not make the liberal
exp'-uditiiii'i nei'deii tor this ptirpo.se.
Mr. Seiiiliu, the oppoMhiou li-.nle,,
niiiil (bar he *.yii)|i.illii/.>'(l with the
complaint, made by Mr. Kellie as to
Mr. Corbiiw actions, but. thought rli.it>
Lbe provincial government intist be
put upon their di-fetu e for having
jibiccd Mr. Corbin in a posit ion
losers, in the matter for instance  of
the deficiency said to  exist in  the  intestate estates fund���Though   he  held
that the pi ovince is morally  bound  to
stolid tin-loss.    He held that the   government has been, in ita general aduiin-
isttation, careless, extravagant and inefficient, rind for evidence  refi'iii'd   to
the items in the  public account-. -He
criticised   the  maintenance of an  establishment at London at the expense
of (he province and held that it   is  altogether useless.    He wished to  refer
in   conclusion   to   the   declaration   of
policy made  to-day  by the Premier,
and in which he could see no difference
as compared with that declared by the
governments from time to time for the
past'four teen  years.     The expansive
ti easnry constantly referred to i.> being
followed right up by ah expansive civil
service system.   The policy of railway
development has so  far only lv-nlird
in involving the province in   liiiaui-ial
responsibilities,    aiisi�����ffi*rs��� no,   eii-
courageinent for further efforts in this
direction.     Rumor   'says    that    the
Finance Minister has given his promise
in London that he will not ask for any
further   loan  foi   three years,  and  if
this promise i.s kept he infeired  from
the speech made by Mi.   Kellie  to-day
that that gentleman'w'ill be   found  on
tlie opposition side in earnest, roundly
condemning' the government for  not
making the liberal expenditures desired
in his district.   -"As to the policy of the
opposition, if  the government are  to
���shield themselves behind  the vote' of
the house in the matter-, of some constituencies   the opposition   will  insist
that   with   respect,   to   other   constituencies the government shall  be'held
to the fciime rule.
Ferry���West Kootenay District.
n EALED PROPOSALS, properly en-
io dorsed, will be received by the
Honourable Chief CommKsion.-r of
Lands and Works up to noon of Thursday, Olh February next, for ��� the right
to maintain and operate a ferry across
the Colon,bin River at Trail, and within a limit of two miles above and below;
that place, for- a term of live year*, from
1st August next. ' ,,
Proposals must give a description of
the size aird kind of bo.u intended to
be used, the mode of propelling the
same, and the various rates of loll
proposed to be collected, and give ,the
names of two pe-r-.ons'who ai e willing
to execute a bond for $500 to si-cure
the faithful Dairying out of the contract.    ,     '
The eoinoetition will be on Ihe rate
of tqlls and the aiiiniiiit of bonus to be
paid to tins' government .uiii-.i.illy lew
tbe'exchisive privilege of opera! ing n
ferry. A certifier), cheque (o cover the,
amount of the lirs't year's bonus must
accompany the proposal.
All officers of the Government,, wit h
their animals and fi eight, to pass fuse.
XV. S. GORE,       .      ���
Deputy Commissioner of "Lands &
Works. -'
Lands and Works Dep.-ti(meat,
39-:it Victoria, B.C., 0th January, LSOO.
The standing commit tees on railways
and milling will each have the - benefit
of advice from both representatives of
West Kootenay.
, r .
Amongst, the notices of 'motion are
two by Mr. Kellie. One to introduce a
bill to, suppress claim jumping, and
also a bill respecting wages.
Amongst the Acts introduced bv the
attorney-general is one lo regulate
traffic on highways, which makes,it
obligatory for one vehicle meeting or
being'overtaken by another lo turn to
the lett.       ,'<'*,'
Anolher"Aet of the attorney-general,
designed to preserve the forest wealth
of the province, requires every person
setting out a (ire to build it in a trench
or enclosure of stone or earth sufficient
to prevent' the tiro.,escaping to the
adjacent woods or forests. All loco-
'motive engines passing through any
"fire district are required by this Act to
be provided with the limit approved
means lo prevent the escape of lire
from their furnaces, .ash-pans and
smoke stack'*, which latter must be
protected by a bonnet or screen of wire
netting of not less than 22 vvirt'o to, the
inch square.
TICE is hereby given,'in accordance with Llio"St.itutes,Dlha(. Provincial Revenue Tux and all (axes
levied under tho Assessment Act are
now due for the year ISfiti. j\ll of the
a'bove.nanred taxes collectible within
the Revelsloke Division of the District
of West Kootenay are now payable at-
my office.-.  , , '     ' ���   '
Assessed taxes are collectible at  the
follnwing'rates, vi-/..:��� '"
If paid en or before June 30Ih, 18flfi:~
Pi'ovinci.-il Revenue, $'d per i-.-tpil.-i.
One-half of one   per cent.'on   ie.il
propei ty.    ��� *'��� ''
Two per cent, on wild land.
-   One-third   of   one   per    cent,    on
personal property. '
^ One-half ot one,, per   cent,   on   income, i
If paid after June "Oth, 13% :��� ��� '
Two-thirds of one per cent, on real
propei ty.   , '    '   '
Two and'one-half net ce.it. on wild
land. ,     '.        '
One-half of one  per cent,   on   pe't>
sonal properly,, ,""   ���
Thi-oe-toui'tlus of one  per  cent,  on'
income.   ,   . .. j,
. J. D. Gil All AM. . ���   '   -
i' -      As-vs-or and Collector.
January lib, IS'JO- ::ft-5t,
-> >
,            1
? --'
J         ;
��� 1
*'*/       ���
.. /1
Our * advice ' to   those   about   tb ' marry;    i>
i w, av -*r j> k*^ v^a*
'      .f'F
But,   if   you   MUST   marry;   why
the    Post,  Office store
,  complete' stock
hand.    .Shirts,
ind,   buy
of.   Gents
Shoes   and
���your    outfit
Local' and Personal Items.
Nakusp & Slocau Railway Company
i j. )
N ..    .
euce ot the bi.iuch line <',t   i.his railway
from Tinee Km Us t.) Sandon, ox.iiniiu.il
a plan,   puiiile'and book of refer-
mil certified under section 12.5. of i,be
Railw:i> Act ot livS'3 by tiie IVputy of
the Mini-stfr of K.nlvv.iys ;md Canals,
on 11th Dec-em her. lSi-J.3. vv.i-. dopositod
lit the Land Kegistry Oiti.-e at Victoria
on the 20th d.iv of D'ecember instant.
A. J. WEAVbR lllll D.I MAN,
Viutcui.i,  B.C.. .Secretary.
���     December 20lh,c"lS05. .   37-Jt.
Nakusp & Slocan Railway Company
plan, prolile
a portion of
llnv branch hm4 or" this' llailvvky ft om
Three Porks to Sandon. esnmined dnd
cei tih"d uiidr-" sc lion I'l') of t he llail-
Wr-y Ai r of 1SW? Iiy rhe Deputy of Uie
Mini-,ter* of H.iilv.,-iys and i .inals on
l'ri"12(h Dec-eniber, l.-il"). w:i�� deposited
in the Land Keiristr-y oflice.it Victoii.i
on l he 21 v|, D'('i-'OliI'.". 1   --L.        ,
A..I. WKAVKR i>iti/".J.MAN,
VifU.rui, I5.C, Weci elarv.
D"ceinber*2lsi. LSf-.l. Ti II,
as be bus cloui
ligliU'llliielll as
to ru t,
lie wonted some onto ceitain oi'licei's of
the govi'i'iimetit who have been ile-
cl.iied defaulteis or w lio huve been dismissed, .'Hid he Hiked why the ineinliiMS
of the gov cmuii-nt/ liave lieen -,o remiss
as to allow t in'-,*- in egnl.irit ies lo go on
for year-, wit ,iout beingaw it e of I hem.
He asked who are io   be  Ihe  ultimate
Highest Honors���World's Fair,
A pure Grape Crcnm of Tnrtar Powder,   l-ree
i(Sm Ammonia, Alum or any olhcr adulterant,
II. A. Brown, of the Union Hotel,
who'was seriously indisposed early in
the week, has happily cptite recovered.
The carnival, whicli was billed for tonight at the skating rink, has, been
postponed until next .Saturday . evening.
Considerable progress ha.s been made
this week in,building operations. The
contractor for the new English church
is pushing the work on that edifice, and
the framing of McCarty'h big cold
storage building ha*-  been  compl-st-ed.
Dr. McKechnie, who arrived in town
las-t week, has taken   up  his  resident e
at the Central  Hotel  and  opened  an 1    v ���     1   1      .-
,��     .     ., ,.  .   .        .    ..,'. ���'    > ^->     arei'i^'d   location
ofhrem   the adjoining  building.    Dr.   ,md bock of reference 01
McKechuie comes from Ontario where
he has been practising for the past two
The *"ad   accident   whereby f Tho*.
Riley lost hi.-- life, on  Tnesilay has cast
a gloom over the bridge crews pug-used
on  the  work,   the  member*-, of  which
have absented    themselves   from   the
various entertainment'' Ihi-i wcet nut j
respect to their decea-,ed comrade.
The fb.iw of the past  week   has   left j
the streets in a very "rocky" condition j
and it is us  much  as  one'-,  back   hair j
and false (eerh are worl h   to  drive  or
walk over them.    Luckily th'-re are a
few public ttpiiired cit.i/etis left,in lown
who are endeavoring to put tin!   roadu
in a passable condition again.
At, the Police court on Tuc-day, an
individual named U.ivry Tossing vva-
loinmifled for dial by F. Fras-er, J.T.,
on a charge of obtaining.*}!.') from .fame--
McM.'ihon by false rcprc-cnl-ation-' in
connect ion with an advertising scheme.
A similar charge was preferred against
Tossing Ivy It fi. WiNon, tbeconclu-ion
of which wii'i nd ji.tii-ued tor eight days.
A fail sized   uiuiifiiee  greeted   Prof.
Odbi'ii at. Ihe Methodist r-bui-cb    V.'i-tl-
nesdav ev ".-ling on the occasion   of   lils
led ore 011 Alaska.    As  an  eyev. 1! ncss
be  <]���������( ribeil   the  country,   its  people
and their customs, ,md the progress of
the  mining  industry  there.    His discourse   of   nn   hour  and   a   quarter's
duration proved both  in-true liner and
cnlertainiii'.r   and  was  much  enjoyeo
hy   his   a 11,lil 111.s.      Referring   to   the
Alaskan   boundary    dispute    between
Great P.iilain and the   United  .States,
he-thought that/  (he  matiei   could   be
very ea-iiy Hettlcd Cdiisidering that the
dilfei'n.a ., uwis *o small (onlv sis iiicbi-sj
a lid  di'cllred    l.iat    "the   people    who
iv.-old u.-iL'e w ir for -.nob a trifle would
he minder.;/.*,,"
- t ' "'" --'.-r-n-v,."'TV,"I""--' -- --,<-��� "-n���- *;-v ���*��� i
il /���'. ��� . - y .' V -.��.' *���, i' ./ ���'���. ���   - ��� -
.    -    .. v-,* ���   "-- ���-..-������" * ���?-��� V.> -'"I, { ���--X^. '
.      r '^     ,* ,.    ,J I   I'    i    ' '.    ' I '     '   '
.- -      ���*������ -^ - ���:"-.'��� -""' i ?.' i; -.'."' ;4\Lv-
' TIIK  ,
TO   AXD   f'-'OVl
-   All'Eastern Points.'
���      <>       ��� -
Tin oiikIi First Gins', Slpcinni; Cars and TouvKt
Slccinncr C.11-, 10 St. Punl. Aluntrciland Toronto
vvilii.iun }iiini<c. '
! Atl.nitio Exiiros-, aii-ivon   C.l."> daily.   . .
I'licilic " "       lui'Jn   "
for full lul'oviii.ition ii>s to l.itus, tunc, etc,
apply to
r.^T.   Brewster, :
' .Agent, Re vol'-toko.
G]"0. JlcU HIIOWX.
District Pa-si'iiifcr A(jtjiit. Vancouver, H. (J.
AdminisiPdlop's .Noliec.
the   fount v   ''"ini    of    Kooteua v,
holdeil at t be  l.'iit   Clo-.ring  o|    the
Col.iinli|,i,I;:\ er:
tin-   malieP   ,,f   J'cail   Ili'iuletsiin,
nt.hei vv t-e know 11    ,1'   .M.llie    Niet-
man, .i:nl,
In the ui.it 1 er of *!)���' Oifici.il   Admit;!'.-
f r 1 tor's A'-l. da.td the   Kfitirfeenl li
da vol' Novein !,er. IS1).*) :
I "-'POX RKAIHXt; th" iifUblaiit.-. ol
\j     .'o-eph   \)i'i-  Ci.ibam .ir><l   Peter
h'.l'-niMs   PeLef.-Oli,    il,   is   onlcri'!    thai
.billies  Fer,;u-oi,   Arfisti'iiijr,   Official
Adruinisd.ilcii   for- the   Cour.tv  f'oiul.
Ihstiict of Kooten.iv
is rat.u of all m.n "ii
chattel-.  n-rdired'L-  of  P-
sol', 1)1 111 I \V I'-e l. JiOl'/ri     ,1-.
matt. rleci'rWil. ;;l*a! (l.r.t t,i
published   in   tin-    K�����'���',
Signed, Cl
i Jiepilei-
11 ie NlC-l'-
order   be
i,",tv    Majc
l   /(        (,f       --J r.|   ',
,U . Mill
The cre.ljfi.i s
ol'iei u i-e !���: HI)-. II
bite of iievehslol. e.  in
Kootenav,   a."   rcqui: ei|   v,
daj s from this date io ��� 1 rul
re��i-tered lefler   addi e--ed
Domild, lii'ilish (Jobinibia,
of their 1 lairns  and   of  1 hi
held    b)'    I hem    (if   an.)
expirat ion ol I iie ,anl -1 vl v
tiro -eed lo ills) 1 il.nte  1 he    i
liaviiiK 1 egaid lo t lio-e , l.ei
which I -.li ill have I ,td nolue.
Dated.il  Donald, iu   llie   disiinl   o|
ICool 'nay. ISiili-.lt Col I,ia, ihis   ISt|,
day of Noveiuhei, I {.."">. '.'>''\H
.\. K. ARMKTRONfi,
Oiilcuil Aduiiiiislraloi.
Ilfli   1  -Oil,
Vl'  1-il.rI.II,
1*1    'lll-l     Of
'it bin   i-i^lv
lo   in",  Iiy
''i   Hie,   ��t
par lieiilr.i -,
'   si cin j| 1,.^
A In f I lie
(lavs I - |,���||
-lid e-l lie,
11s   t >nl v    (if
Trams lcxvii'ir Kcvclstoke on, Sundays,
Mondays nnd Tlim-srtays innlvO iniiiicutions
vvith Iho Palatial St (Miners " "���lunitnh.i,"
"Atl'.ib.isca" and " Albc-Ui," vvlueli leave Koit.
William for O-.ven Sound every Sunday and
Tlnusdny, nud for Windsor nnd S.li-iiiii every
AVednOhd.iy.   .
Columbia & Kootenay _
Steam Navigation Co,W
FlaH's cL.-tnding",
Hoi Sprin-rs,
Nakusi,, Three Forks
Nelson, and Sloe;in Points,
Koo.tenay f.ake I'oinis,
Ti"riil  Creek,   Ilo-.'.land,
Northpori <t;ul Spokane
" -fcrioni.ii TAtcw 'i in-: - ,
l.inv'S \\'i'<i't-iiii for N'nl.usp'ind Itiiljs'iii, Mon-
iJayn iiii.l Taii.-ilii.'.val 7 pail."
I.c'ivi-i tint son fur N'uk'i'.ii, SVIkwhiii nnd  ('nn-
^iiliiin    P.uillc   l(ui!��H3    |,i,ini-i   d nsl     unit
'l(fl) nil Till s(lil)rl inn!  I lllll.Vl.ll (I |) 111.
Coriini I1611 In ai'nJc at Uoli.uii ��ll!i CiilC.
It'j fia Vi 1.011 .oxl wm'i hltiinn r " Jvjtlou " lor
'11,.11 Co,, 1< nnd .V01 llipiii-t
1 'or I1...1I t'liic in rd nf I lie (' iii,piinyn htciiiii-
i-i - 1111 l7',ot��'ii.iy Iriikii rifiph to  I lie piiiwi on
1,0 c.'.!.
("(.r.'iili I jil'or 111.it ion III.  toll, Iv'Is. lilies. C Ins.,
.!pi,iy tn 'V. Ailiin.   Si-ck i.ny, Nelh'in,  H ('.
1        1       " -
CHEA*Pr.KT ronto'to'tUo OLD COUNTRY.
I'rOpon'.d .c. illliiKH fioiri Mom (nn I.
I'AllHUV         N'(l\.    !)
.\fOM.OI,ri.S*        ., . Ifi
..OM.N.OV   IjI.S'K.
Maiii.-os.v     ()U,   20
���   V A VI IX VI'K r        ... .   .Nov.  Id
; Don't buy goods wliere you have to pay for
other "people's bad debts. ������ I am- going out. of; the
credit business and am AFTER THE CASH, so
bring your purse and get 80c. Cashmere for 40c;
Doubie width Dressgopds for 30c. 70 inch Flannel
for 75c. Men's All Wool Under Suits.-at, $1.25.
These are only some of our SNAPS so call and see
our goods and prices.      ,        - i ��� -.    < -,\
i      ��� ' L^m m
Mining and Real, Estate Broker and .General Com:
mission Agent.'";    -     ^    '
FIRE,  LIFE AND ACcTdEnT INSURANCE?    ' '"���      ' '
���  ��� ��� ��� . ..������..      , , ,��� , f ^ �����,        , *
Representative of the Kootenay Smelting & Trading Syndicate.   ; "
CAPITAL, 9500,000.
r:KAVj:n lAS'K
f.MCII   Wl.VMI'l-ll
IjAKi". On i 111111 . .
. ..Nov.
Incorporated 1893:
C3&& a > UWU'(L9 iW K 6 2 (S3
,     MAIN HOUSE: 200-212 First Avo. North, MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.
HELENA, MONT.        I      CHICAGO, ILL.      |      VICTORIA, B. C.     I WINNIPEG, MAN.
Cooke&I*o��mun Sis.   I | fiB WlmrfSt. I    234KingSt.
f'ntiui sl">, V/i, "*(/). ?7ll. $ Oiirid upimrd-i
IiiIciiik 'lliild Slfi; riti ruirt'" "J-'1-
I'llHIl-lllvfl I   tl(K"t((l   tliroiirfli   Id   nil   pint     f
(rioiil lii'il.iiii rwnl ti 11.mil. nnil nl '.p(ninlh  loir I
inlei to nil p.ii'l-- ol I lie K'liopi in ' 'Hitiiii ni
A pply I om niv-l ^1 ei-inisli lp or n.ll wnj rirji nl to i
I, T. BREWSTER. AKont.XiovoIr-.tolco.
or lo I'onr.itT  lvi:rcir, (Jen,   i in-feiiKcii- A,;ci . j
W'iniilpcK, ,
���T033   ^TOE,I��Z_


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